Relativity and Cosmology

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[1702] viXra:1508.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-01 12:48:06

The 8-Fold Symmetry of Life Requires One Gauge Boson for 2 Fermibosonic Implementations in E8 Cyclic Universe Theory

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: The boson count of 8 for the cyclic universe theory includes 4 massless gauge bosons. These must be assigned 1 for 2 fermiboson force implementations, 1 for a big bang force and 1 each for the graviton and photon
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1701] viXra:1508.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-01 08:42:45

A Few Things You Need to Know to Tell if a Mathematical Physicist is Talking Nonsense: the Black Hole - a Case Study

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 3 Pages.

Cosmologists claim that they have found black holes all over the Cosmos. The black hole is however entirely a product of mathematics. The simplest case is the 'Schwarzschild' black hole, from the solution to Einstein's field equations in the absence of matter, for a static, uncharged, non-rotating mass. "In the absence of matter" involves linguistic legerdemain, but in any event all types of black holes reduce, mathematically speaking, to a very simple question: Can a squared real number take values less than zero? Symbolically this is restated as follows. Let r be any real number. Is r^2 < 0 possible? No, it's not possible. Thus, the black hole is not possible. Anybody who can square a real number is capable of understanding why the black hole is a fantasy of mathematical physicists and cosmologists, illustrating once again why it can be very dangerous to put trust in the word of an Authority.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1700] viXra:1507.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-30 09:25:11

The Gravitational Constant and Its Relationship to the Properties of Virtual Particles

Authors: Sundar Narayan
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper derives a formula for the lifetime of an unbound or free neutron and shows that neutron lifetime can be related to Newton’s gravitational constant, G, providing a much-needed theoretical formula for G, enabling G to be computed with greater accuracy than today’s experiments allow. Another equally accurate formula for G is derived based on the properties of the virtual electrons that very briefly exist in a quantum vacuum. Also, Newton’s law of gravity and Coulomb’s electrostatic law are derived from the same equation, providing a simple proof of the well-known connection between these two laws.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1699] viXra:1507.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-28 08:04:53

What Is Gravity and How Is Embedded in Mater?

Authors: Stefan Mehedinteanu
Comments: 12 Pages. a new work

It will be shown how a magic number (equally with e-folds of inflation) of Planck Particles stay at the base of: the origin and evolution of Universe, the infraparticles creation of near mass-less and known as gauge bosons (photons/gluons), the quantization of gravitational charge inside the particles, the real mass and magnetic charge of gluons (less-mass considered) and of theirs condensate at symmetries breaking, etc. How the gravity is embedded in particles, it was also answered.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1698] viXra:1507.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-27 15:29:10

Correction of an Error Results in a 248-Different Particle E8 Symmetry Universe Rather Than a 252-Particle Universe

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: The boson count of 8 for the cyclic universe theory included 4 massless gauge bosons. These should not have been included in the particle count (all massive). Correction of this error results in an E8-symmetry cyclic universe of 248 different massive particles,
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1697] viXra:1507.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-26 02:34:53

Special Relativity (Model)

Authors: Klimets A.P.
Comments: 2 Pages.

Model of special relativity is built. The model shows the basic formulas of the special relativity and their physical sense.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1696] viXra:1507.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-25 20:44:12

Modified Alcubierre Warp Drive II

Authors: Gianluca Perniciano
Comments: 10 Pages.

A solution of general relativity is presented that describes an Alcubierre [1] propulsion system in which it is possible to travel at superluminal speed while reducing the components of the energy-impulse tensor (thus reducing energy density) by an arbitrary value. Here we investigate the negative energy in the Pfenning zone, and the quantum inequalities involved.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1695] viXra:1507.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-23 19:18:18

From Linearised Einstein’s Field Equations to Fractal Gravitational Wave on Cantor Sets

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 9 Pages. This paper has been submitted to Foundations of Physics (FOOP). Your comments are welcome.

In this paper, I argue that it is possible to model many physical phenomena in terms of classical wave equation. I already discussed this issue for the case of Maxwell equations and Sachs-Wolfe effect, and then I shall show how linearised version of Einstein’s field equations reduce to wave equation form. The latter can be generalized further into a fractal wave equation for Cantor sets. The proposed equation may be called: Fractal gravitational wave on Cantor sets. As far as I know, such an equation has never been considered elsewhere before. However, I should emphasize that the proposed model as outlined here is not complete yet. Therefore, more research is needed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1694] viXra:1507.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-22 10:43:24

From An Exact Solution of 2D Navier-Stokes Equations to a Navier-Stokes Cosmology on Cantor Sets

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper has been submitted to Prespacetime Journal for review. Your comments are welcome

In a recent paper I derived an exact analytical solution of Riccati form of 2D Navier-Stokes equations with Mathematica. Now I will present a possible route from an exact analytical solution of the Navier-Stokes equations to Navier-Stokes Cosmology on Cantor Sets. The route is by showing that Raychaudhury equation leads to Friedmann equation when the vorticity vector, shear tensor and tidal force tensor vanish. Then I show how one can generalize it further to Navier-Stokes systems on Cantor Sets. While this paper contains nothing new except for pedagogical purpose, it may serve as an outline towards Navier-Stokes Cosmology on Cantor Sets.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1693] viXra:1507.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-21 22:29:57

Modified Alcubierre Warp Drive I

Authors: Gianluca Perniciano
Comments: 17 Pages.

A solution of general relativity is presented that describes an Alcubierre [1] propulsion system in which it is possible to travel at superluminal speed while reducing the components of the energy-impulse tensor (thus reducing energy density) by an arbitrary value. This solution also allows us to reduce or completely remove Hawking radiation which would otherwise lead to the explosion of the spaceship (horizon instability [7]).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1692] viXra:1507.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-20 13:32:31

Speed of Gravity via Cosmic Everything Chart

Authors: Richard Benish
Comments: 1 Page.

This single-page Chart (not a paper, per se) plots the masses and densities of physical objects spanning the whole Universe. It covers over 80 orders of magnitude of mass and over 70 orders of magnitude of density. All raw data are taken from standard literature. The pattern established thereby suggests a continuous extension at the high density end that deviates from General Relativity-based conceptions of "black hole" singularities. The Chart also strongly suggests that preoccupation with the "Planck-scale," as invoked in many standard unification and "quantum gravity" schemes, is a meaningless distraction that has nothing to do with our physical Universe.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1691] viXra:1507.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-20 09:54:29

Contradicting Implications of Special Relativity

Authors: Laszlo G. Meszaros
Comments: 3 Pages.

Despite of the general acceptance of Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity (STR) and its alleged experimental support, the relation to reality of its implications (such as length contraction and time dilation, for instance) still seems obscure. Here, a simple thought-experiment is put forward, which illustrates that relativistic length contraction, if not considered only illusory, contradicts the law of energy conservation and even the principle of relativity, one of the postulates the STR is based upon. It is also shown that length contraction, if real, should make a chemical clock tick faster, instead of slower as predicted by the STR. Stimulating discussions on the true merit of the STR are thus called for.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1690] viXra:1507.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-20 12:21:41

The "Time since the Singularity" of Expanding Uniform Dust

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 9 Pages.

The calculations of Oppenheimer and Snyder revealed discrepancies in the behavior of a dust ball described using "standard" in place of "comoving" coordinates: periodic metric and energy density singularities that occur in "comoving" coordinates are completely eliminated by the Oppenheimer-Snyder transformation to "standard" coordinates. In addition, the definition of "comoving time" worryingly involves the clocks of an infinite number of different observers, removing it from the realm of what is physically observable. Nonetheless, the Oppenheimer-Snyder example of second-guessing "comoving" dust ball results by transforming them to physically less questionable coordinates has since rarely been emulated. We here treat a dust ball whose energy density always decreases; its "comoving" result has a familiar singularity at a sufficiently early time, which has prompted "age of the universe" terminology. But upon Oppenheimer-Snyder type transformation to "standard" coordinates, the singularity is eliminated, pulling the rug out from under "age" talk. Furthermore, the transformed dust ball was at no stage as small as its Schwarzschild radius. But in a time-reversed variant of well-known Oppenheimer-Snyder abrupt dust contraction, the transformed dust ball likely underwent an inflationary epoch. In addition to the above extension of the Oppenheimer-Snyder transformation, we point out why singular metrics are inconsistent with General Relativity fundamentals, and how "comoving coordinates" also contravene GR fundamentals.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1689] viXra:1507.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-16 23:00:22

A Nobel Laureate Talking Nonsense: Brian Schmidt, a Case Study

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 3 Pages.

Australian National University astronomer Professor Brian Schmidt is a Nobel Laureate for physics. On Monday the 15th of September 2014 he appeared on the ABC national Australian television programme Q&A. His response to a question put to him by an eleven year old boy in the audience is a typical example of why it is very unwise to passively accept the word of an Authority. Presented here are a number of the nonsensical claims made by a Nobel Laureate on matters of cosmology and mathematics; symptomatic of just how intellectually decrepit astronomy and astrophysics have become.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1688] viXra:1507.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-15 10:01:29

The Pseudotensor. Gravitational Mass.

Authors: Khrapko R
Comments: 8 Pages. XIIth International Conference on Gravitation, Astrophysics and Cosmology June 28-July 5, 2015, PFUR, Moscow, Russia

The Pseudotensor is absurd. Gravitational mass equals inertial mass
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1687] viXra:1507.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-14 12:01:39

Introducing Integral Geometry: Are Notational Flaws Responsible For The Inability To Combine General Relativity And Quantum Mechanics?

Authors: Jeffrey P Baugher
Comments: 6 Pages.

Parallel line segments are the basic graphical foundation for geometrical field theories such as General Relativity. Although the concept of parallel and curved lines have been well researched for over a century as a description of gravity, certain controversial issues have persisted, namely point singularities (Black Holes) and the physical interpretation of a scalar multiple of the metric, commonly known as a Cosmological Constant. We introduce a graphical and notational analysis system which we will refer to as Integral Geometry. Through variational analysis of perpendicular line segments we derive equations that ultimately result from the changes in the area bounded by them. Based upon changing area bounded by relative and absolute line segments we attempt to prove the following hypothesis: General Relativity cannot be derived from Integral Geometry. We submit that examination of the notational differences between GR and IG in order to accept the hypothesis could lead to evidence that the inability to merge General Relativity and Quantum Physics may be due to notational and conceptual flaws concerning area inherent in the equations describing them.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1686] viXra:1507.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-14 08:42:47

On the Generation of Equivalent ‘Black Hole’ Metrics: A Review,

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 18 Pages. Published in American Journal of Space Science, 6 July 2015: http://thescipub.com/PDF/ofsp.9977.pdf

Various line-elements purporting different types of black hole universes have been advanced by cosmologists but a means by which the required infinite set of equivalent metrics can be generated has evaded them. Without such a means the theory of black holes is not only incomplete but also ill-posed. Notwithstanding, the mathematical form by which the infinite set of equivalent metrics is generated was first revealed in 2005, from other quarters and it has in turn revealed significant properties of black hole universes which cosmology has not realised. The general metric ground-form from which the infinite set of equivalent ‘black hole’ metrics can be generated is presented herein and its consequences explored.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1685] viXra:1507.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-13 12:34:35

About it How to Space-Time Was Eliminated from the General Relativity

Authors: Mirosław J. Kubiak
Comments: 4 Pages.

The m(GR) theory is the new theory of gravitation, where the space-time (with metric tensor) was eliminated and replaced with the medium (with the effective mass density tensor). It is a new paradigm in the research of the gravitational phenomena.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1684] viXra:1507.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-09 19:09:43

A Few Things You Need to Know to Tell if a Nobel Laureate is Talking Nonsense

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 2 Pages.

People so often place their trust in the word of an Authority that they don’t carefully think about what they have been told. Consequently, that when upon a little reflection is recognised as utter fantasy, is passively accepted as true on the word of an Authority. Perhaps physics is the most pitiful example of the word of dogmatic Authority carrying sway over rational thought. Presented here are a few simple examples of the nonsensical claims made by physicists that reveal just how decrepit they and their science have become, and by which, hopefully, remedy is secured for the pensive reader.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1683] viXra:1507.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-09 10:51:16

Galactic Rotational Velocities Explained by Relativistically Stable Orbits that Spiral Outward at Increasing Distance as Predicted by Explanation for Gravity

Authors: William E. Rush
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is proposed that the strong force is the force of space. Development of this concept leads to the prediction that the mass of all matter increases as the universe expands. This mass (energy) increase is absorbed from space and leads to the force of gravity. The rate of mass increase necessary to bring about the known force of gravity is calculated. A relationship between matter mass increase and matter length increase is developed and then used to calculate the rate of increase of matter length. This same rate of increase in length applies to all other lengths and orbits including galactic orbital distance. This fractional expansion rate is determined to be Gm/c(r)^2 where m and r are mass and radius of some smallest particle of definable dimensions. If m and r of a proton is chosen, this equation predicts that gravitational orbits double in length approximately every 45-85 million years. Orbits within galaxies, with orbital periods of hundreds of millions of years, will therefore be outward spirals as measured by time zero length, though orbital distances will always be measured as unchanging. Higher orbital speeds are required to maintain these spiral orbits than the orbital speeds required to maintain circular orbits at the same orbital radii. Calculations within show that for a typical galaxy (M31) at typical galactic distances of about 15 - 30 kpc, the galactic orbits increase in radius, or can be considered to ``accelerate" outward, at approximately the same acceleration rate as the gravitational acceleration rate required to hold stars in a circular orbit at the observed rotational velocity. These equivalent accelerations are near the MOND critical value of 10^-10 m/sec^2. This may explain the anomaly of galactic rotational velocities without dark matter. The concepts proposed here require that the fundamental constants change with the expanding universe; however, if the principle of relativity (not the theory) is embraced, then this requires that these physical and fundamental constants are linked such that they appear to remain unchanged.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1682] viXra:1507.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-08 22:47:57

A Classical Reconstruction of Relativity

Authors: Declan Traill
Comments: 10 Pages.

By inverting a key assumption of Relativity Theory, one can understand its predicted odd effects of time dilation, length contraction and mass increase in terms of Classical Physics. The belief that must be suspended is that “Light always travels at constant speed”. The alternative premise is that “Light and matter waves travel through a field generated by mass, at a variable speed determined by the field’s intensity”. This new premise also leads to a Classical explanation for the attraction of Gravity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1681] viXra:1507.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-07 07:02:43

Some Remarks on Cl3 and Lorentz Transformations

Authors: Miroslav Josipović
Comments: 13 Pages.

Geometric algebra is a powerful mathematical tool for description of physical phenomena. Algebra Cl3, based on Euclidean 3D vector space is a possible framework for physical theories, especially the new, broader definition of Lorentz transformations. Here we discuss several consequences from that broader definition. Among other things, we derived some consequences to the special theory of relativity, a change in speed limit for example.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1680] viXra:1507.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-05 16:05:33

Gedankenexperiment for Speed of Gravitational Waves, Massive Gravitons, and GW Signals from Inflation.

Authors: A.W.Beckwith
Comments: 4 Pages. Will be submitted to a journal

We examine the consequence of experimentally determining what the consequences of massive gravitons from the big bang would be, in terms of Clifford Will’s model of the speed of gravitational waves via a local inertial frame , with variation from the speed of light in GW propagation caused by gravitational rest mass non zero and E as a graviton rest energy. One of the consequences, being that the wavelength of GW would be 1/100 the radius of the present universe, with unimaginably low frequencies for GW of the order of 10^-16 Hertz, if there were maximally favourable conditions for generation of GW at the start of inflation, which puts restrictions we will specify as to an initial scale factor, the maximal red shift Z so specified, plus other details.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1679] viXra:1507.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-06 00:13:40

Quantum Time is the Time it Takes for an Elementary Particle to Absorb a Quantum of Energy

Authors: James A. Tassano
Comments: 19 Pages. Additional information at jimtassano.com

This paper is a continuation of a series of papers on the universe as the surface volume of a four dimensional, expanding hyperverse. We argue that the whole universe is undergoing a geometric mean expansion, and is larger than the observable hyperverse by a factor of (R_sub_H / 2 Planck lengths)^4 , and its radius is larger by a factor of (R_sub_H / 2 Planck lengths)^4/3. The growth rate of the whole is actually accelerating, compared to the constant, 2c velocity we measure for the observable universe. We show that the ratio of the length of the small energy quantum (SEQ), to the small radius quantum (SRQ), values discussed at length in earlier hyperverse papers, is increasing at the same rate as the whole radius is increasing. We also show that, depending on the type of particle, the amount of time it takes for a particle to travel the distance of one SEQ length, approximately 10^-23 seconds, matches the time it takes for the particle to absorb one SEQ of energy. The quantum of time is the time it takes for an elementary particle to absorb one SEQ quantum of energy. The unit of quantum time is not a constant, but increases in duration at the same rate as the increase in the velocity of the whole hyperverse, canceling it, giving us the constant, 2c radial expansion rate. Significantly, our equation for the quantum of time, derived from the hyperverse model, using only the values of c, G, h-bar and the radius of the observable hyperverse, matches the quantized time interval calculated for the electron by Piero Caldirola, using classical electron theory. His 'chronon', and our quantum absorption time, are identical values. Equating the two quantum time equations produces the correct equation of electric charge, further supporting the validity of the hyperverse model and the unit of quantum time. We continue by showing that the relation between particle mass and quantum absorption time is governed by the time-energy uncertainty relationship, allowing easy calculation of the quantum time values for all elementary particles, and supporting the concept of the geometric mean expansion of space.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1678] viXra:1507.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-02 07:25:19

The Incompleteness of Universe

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 2 Pages.

With simple, but vivid argument I am proving, what the Universe has the Beginning, will have the End and is finite in volume. Tell the others on Facebook, Twitter, etc, to make this world a better place to live and think.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1677] viXra:1507.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2015-07-01 03:40:35

The Ultimate Modification of Einstein's Gravity

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 3 Pages.

Satisfied all possible experimental misses of General Relativity by simple and logical modification of Einstein equations. Namely to the left hand is added besides the cosmological constant the Dark Matter tensor. Hereby the Dark Matter is not discovered as the material one, because it is the phantomic matter: just the modification of the geometry rules. Tell the others on Facebook, Twitter, etc, to make this world a better place to live and think.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1676] viXra:1506.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-29 01:42:05

New Trends in Physics CD Rom /book, Elementes Pictures, Spheres in Nuclei, Forecasted Nuclei

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 67 Pages. New Trends in Physics /book, elementes pictures, spheres in nuclei, forecasted nuclei, ZOO-3D editorfor interactive inspecting of nuclei spheres/, Academic Electronic Press, Bratislava, 2000, CD- ROM, ISBN 80-88880-38-6. http://www.trendsinphysics.info

Coming out from the motto we are going to revalue the experiments of Fizeau, Harres, Kaufmann, Michelson-Morley, which gave rise to Einstein's special and general theory of relativity. All these experiments are revalued from the point of view of the submitted new theory of relativity based on the new definition of medium, the new generalized law of inertia, the new law of propagation of light (waves, intensity), the new definition of equivalent coordinates system, the new principle of relativity. It has been derived the asymmetric form of intensity of the electric field of moving charge at the velocity of 0.001c-c. The theoretical values resulting from the new theory are compared with the experimental Kaufmann's values. It is affirmed the general validity of Maxwell's equations (not only in statics). The results of Fizeau's and Harres' experiments prove the theory of non-linear form of interference field in moving medium without the drag coefficient. There are mentioned the correct relations for Doppler's effect. In the results of the theory there is outlined the possible generalization for the fields, in which the speed of propagation is finite. For the gravitational field there is outlined the way of getting off the Earth by means of rotation. It is explained the new determination of energies and velocities of particles for nuclear field. There are mentioned the relations for energy and the calculations of the radius of moving particles force reach.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1675] viXra:1506.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-29 02:50:52

Confusion in Cosmology and Gravitation

Authors: Christian Corda, R. Katebi, N. O. Schmidt
Comments: 39 Pages. Paper dedicated to the 80th birthday of Mr. Ruggero M. Santilli, hoping that this will permit Santilli to understand how GTR and Lambda-CDM cosmology really work and, in turn, will permit him to withdraw his very wrong claims in gravitation and cosmology

In a series of papers, Santilli and collaborators released various strong statements against the general theory of relativity (GTR) and the stan- dard Lambda-CDM model of cosmology. In this paper we show that such claims are due to fundamental misunderstandings of very basic concepts of gravitation and cosmology. In other words, we show that Santilli and collaborators demonstrated nothing. In particular, they demonstrated neither that the GTR is wrong, nor that the Universe is not expanding. We also show that the so-called iso-gravitation theory (IGT) of Santilli is in macroscopic contrast with geodesic motion and, in turn, with the Equivalence Principle (EP) and must therefore be ultimately rejected. Finally, we show that, although the so called iso-redshift could represent an interesting alternative (similar to the tired light theory historically proposed by Zwicky) to the Universe expansion from a qualitative point of view, it must be rejected from a quantitative point of view because the effect of iso-redshift is 10^−6 smaller than the effect requested to achieve the cosmological redshift.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1674] viXra:1506.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-27 15:08:41

The General Lorentz Transformations (General Special Relativity)

Authors: Rodolfo A. Frino
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this paper I introduce the General Lorentz transformations which are a generalization of the original Lorentz transformations. These new transformations are the foundations of a new theory of relativity that I call: General Special Relativity (or Special Relativity based on the General Lorentz transformations). In this paper (a) I derive the formula for time dilation, (b) the formula for length contraction, (c) a new relativistic velocity addition formula which encompasses Einstein's counterpart, and finally (d) I prove that Newton's law of Universal Gravitation is invariant under a General Lorentz transformation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1673] viXra:1506.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-27 08:59:24

The Equivalence Of Gravitational Field And Time From The Standpoint Of The General Theory Of Relativity

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 7 pages. (C) Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany, 2015,

In general, the modification of our understanding of space and time undergone through Einstein's relativity theory is indeed a profound one. But even Einstein's relativity theory does not give satisfactory answers to a lot of questions. One of these questions is the problem of the ‘true’ tensor of the gravitational field. The purpose of this publication is to provide some new and basic fundamental insights by the proof that the gravitational field and time is equivalent even under conditions of the general theory of relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1672] viXra:1506.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-25 15:58:43

We Have Evidence of Supersymmetry at the LHC Already: the ttH Entity

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: People everywhere are awaiting with bated breath the discovery of supersymmetry at the LHC. We already have made the discovery - the ttH process entity by the ATLAS collaboration. There is no compelling reason why a proof of supersymmetry requires finding a partner pair particle. It should suffice to show that a supersymmetric force exists bringing bosons and fermions together in violation of the teachings of quantum mechanics, and this has been accomplished.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1671] viXra:1506.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-23 16:13:53

Possible Common Solution to the Problems of Dark Energy and Dark Matter in the Universe

Authors: Pavel Voráček
Comments: 20 Pages.

We present here a model for a common explanation of the phenomena of the dark energy and dark matter, which is lying outside the General relativity theory, yet still compatible or, perhaps, even complementary to it. We discuss the principal results of the method of the Causal dynamical triangulations, when applied under the assumption of topology S3 of our world, i.e., assuming the closedness of the Universe. Then it can be concluded that the resulting space-dimensionality three, being equal to what we consider to be the naturally optimal dimensionality of the real space, implies the existence of a certain deviation from this optimal value on the cosmological scale-level (i.e. a deviation from the space-'Euclidicity' there), since a fourth space-dimension is explicitely or implicitely necessary (depending only on what form of the spacetime-metric one has used) in order to allow the Universe to be closed. As a consequence, the bent space (considered to be the component of the curved spacetime), together with the real cosmic stratum there, struggles to arrive to the state with the optimal dimensionality, i.e., it struggles to expand, while the 'pseudo-pressure' is the carrier of the 'dimensionally-elastic' energy, which appears as the dark energy (on the global cosmological scale) and the dark matter (on the scale-level of cosmic inhomogenities). The basic rules for their appearance are presented, as well as the pertaining questions are discussed: the feedback of the proposed mechanism, the problem of the entropy and self-organization of the cosmic stratum, and the evolution of the phenomenon.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1670] viXra:1506.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-23 01:20:36

Properties and Dimensions of Space and Time

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 10 Pages.

Based on materialist dialectics, both`time and space have the duality, namely absoluteness and relativity. If absolute time and absolute space cannot exist, then relative time and relative space cannot exist too; vice versa. However, they aren’t equal. Absolute time and absolute space are more important, because they are the reference systems of relative time and relative space respectively. In addition, the absolute space is flat, while the relative space may be flat also may be curving. As for the dimensions of time and space, it is an extremely complicated question, we need to discuss the complicated time and the complicated space. The absolute space is three-dimensional, the absolute time is one-dimensional that is formed by the three-dimensional absolute time. For the relative space, it may have the multi-dimensional space, fractal dimensional space, plural dimensional space, variable dimensional space. For the relative time, it may have the multi-dimensional time, fractal dimensional time, plural dimensional time, variable dimensional time too, they are corresponding to the relative spaces. In other words, the relationship between space and time is the one by one corresponding relations. It is different to the general viewpoint that space is three-dimensional and time is one-dimensional, according to the viewpoints of self-similarity and similarity of fractal theory, three-dimensional time is derived. With the Lorentz transformation of Relativity, this paper presents the special form of three-dimensional time for a special case, which is also written as the form of variable dimension fractal. The examples given in this paper show that to establish the frames of multi-dimensional time, multi-dimensional space and the like, not only are possible but also necessary in some cases.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1669] viXra:1506.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-22 12:14:25

Special Relativity for Beginners - Part I

Authors: Rodolfo A. Frino
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper I derive the classical formula for the kinetic energy of a particle from Einstein's relativistic kinetic energy without the use of the binomial expansion.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1668] viXra:1506.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-20 07:03:08

The Equivalence Of Gravitational Field And Time

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 10 pages. (C) Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany, 2015,

A proper discussion of the various philosophical views of the nature of time and gravitational field and the different issues related to time as such would take us far beyond the scope of this article. For our purposes, time and gravitational field are related somehow. In any case, especially due to Einstein’s relativity theory, there is a very close relationship between time the gravitational field and vice versa. The aim of this publication is to work out the interior logic between gravitational field and time. As we will see, the gravitational field is equivalent to time and vice versa, both are equivalent or identical.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1667] viXra:1506.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-19 16:42:54

Incoherence of the Relativistic Dynamics: e = Mc2 Contradicts Special Relativity!

Authors: Radwan M. Kassir
Comments: 7 journal pages

The ‘relativistic” mass concept is rooted in the problematic longitudinal and transverse mass equations emerging from the Lorentz transformation, as presented by Einstein in his 1905 paper on Special Relativity. These equations, although actual outcomes of the Special Relativity, and verified in this paper through both simplified dimensional analyses and conservation of energy principle, had later been implicitly dropped and replaced by an ad-hoc relativistic mass equation, needed to maintain the consistency of the Special Relativity with the conservation of momentum law—although it results in its violation of the law of conservation of energy. Maintaining the latter law, results in the same transverse mass equation as obtained in Einstein’s said paper. The relativistic mass adopted in the literature is but an attempt to conceal contradictions in the Special Relativity, and a convenient means for arriving at the relativistic kinetic energy formula implying the desired mass-energy equivalence equation E = mc2. In this paper, the incoherence of the Special Relativity emerging from its established mass formulae is revealed through simplified physical demonstrations. Depending on the force definition and the “moving” mass equation used, four different formulae for the relativistic kinetic energy are obtained, all validated from the Special Relativity perspective, creating a detrimental incoherence in the theory. All these formulae are reduced to the classical kinetic energy equation for v << c (v = velocity, c = speed of light). It is revealed that the energy equation E = mc2 is not a valid consequence of the Special Relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1666] viXra:1506.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-19 12:04:12

The Symmetric Problem of Special Relativity

Authors: Octavian Balaci
Comments: 4 Pages.

Reassert the old twin paradox in a new light leading to conclusion that theory of relativity is inconsistent with physical reality. Symmetric twin paradox using two clocks in a special designed setup.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1665] viXra:1506.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-18 09:28:07

The Electro-Magnetic Field Equation and Electro-Magnetic Field Transformation in Rindler Spacetime

Authors: sangwha Yi
Comments: 6 Pages. Thank you for reading

In the general relativity theory, we find the electro-magnetic field transformation and the electro-magnetic field equation (Maxwell equation) in Rindler spacetime.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1664] viXra:1506.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-18 04:33:52

The High Energy Formulation of the Maxwell's Equations

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

Unification? The high energy formulation of the Maxwell's equations that permit the gravity quantization with gravitoelectromagnetism
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1663] viXra:1506.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-17 15:35:21

Time Variance Gravitational Wave Detector Design

Authors: Peter CM Hahn
Comments: 22 Pages.

The following article describes a unique and innovative design for a gravitational wave detector. Unlike current interferometer-based detectors that claim to measure distortions of space caused by gravitational waves, a Time Variance - Gravitational Wave Detector (TV-GWD) measures changes in the rate of flow of time. Details of the design are presented, as well as photos of an actual working prototype.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1662] viXra:1506.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-17 11:45:04

The Theory 1/4 of Einstein

Authors: Wenceslao Segura González
Comments: 14 Pages. Spanish

In 1919 Einstein published an article in which he stated that the charged particles were stable as a result of a force of gravitational origin. Einstein modified the equation of general relativity, changing the numerical coefficient 1/2 by 1/4. The new theory satisfies all the results of General Relativity, and introduced naturally the cosmological constant, explaining the tension of Poincare as a gravitational effect. We analyze this theory of Einstein and check that there are no spherical particles and static.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1661] viXra:1506.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-16 15:58:51

RELATIVITÉ RECYCLÉE

Authors: Russell Bagdoo
Comments: 10 Pages. This is the French version of «RECYCLED RELATIVITY» on http://viXra.org/abs/1506.0125

Les vérifications expérimentales de certaines formules de la théorie de la relativité concernant les idées d’Einstein sur le temps et l'espace relatifs ne peuvent être remises en cause. Mais il en est autrement pour ce qui est d’affirmer la validité de l’interprétation d’Einstein. Bien que temps et longueur propres soient aussi essentiels dans la théorie de la relativité générale que la loi d’isotropie et la constance de la vitesse de la lumière dans les systèmes galiléens de la relativité restreinte, cela n’empêche pas de signaler trois antinomies qui apportent des contradictions, écorchent les invariances et projettent une lumière crue sur les insuffisances de la théorie einsteinienne : l’effet Allais qui semble faire varier le potentiel gravitationnel et donc le temps propre ; l’effet Pioneer qui indique que l’énergie diminue avec la distance ; le neutrino apparemment superluminique qui emprunte un chemin plus court que le photon, ce que nous dénommons « oscillations temporelles du neutrino ». Plusieurs physiciens nient l’existence de ces anomalies, d’autres les attribuent à des bris techniques ou à des erreurs d’expérience. Nous traitons ces trois cas avec les formules de la relativité avec des points de vue forcément différents d’Einstein, sans toutefois remettre en cause la constante de la vitesse de la lumière.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1660] viXra:1506.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-16 08:11:53

The Correct Derivation of Kepler’s Third Law for Circular Orbits Reveals a Fatal Flaw in General Relativity Theory

Authors: Jaroslav Hynecek
Comments: 4 Pages. no comments

In this paper the Kepler’s third law is derived for circular orbits using the two different metrics. The resulting formulas are compared with the formula for the Kepler’s third law derived from the Newtonian physics. The derivation is using the Lagrange formalism, but comments are made on error in derivation that has appeared in previous publication. It is found that the Kepler’s third law derived using the Schwarzschild metric results in an identical formula obtained from the Newtonian physics of a flat spacetime geometry. This clearly illustrates a problem for the Schwarzschild metric and consequently for the General Relativity Theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1659] viXra:1506.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-16 09:18:15

Recycled Relativity

Authors: Russell Bagdoo
Comments: 9 Pages.

The experimental verification of certain formulas of the theory of relativity concerning Einstein's ideas about relative time and space cannot be called into question. But it is otherwise with respect to assert the validity of the interpretation of Einstein. Although proper time and length are as essential in the theory of general relativity as the isotropic law and the constancy of the speed of light in the Galilean systems of special relativity, this does not preclude to stress three antinomies that bring contradictions, scratch the invariances and cast a harsh light on the shortcomings of Einstein's theory: the Allais effect that seems to make vary the gravitational potential and therefore the proper time; the Pioneer effect indicating that the energy decreases with distance; the apparent superluminal neutrino which takes a shorter path than the photon, what we term "neutrino’s temporal oscillations". Several physicists deny the existence of these anomalies, others attribute them to technical failures or to experiment errors. We treat these three cases with the formulas of relativity with necessarily different points of views than Einstein, without, however, questioning the constant nature of the speed of light.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1658] viXra:1506.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-13 10:24:19

The Theory of Relativity by Albert Einstein & the Physical Society – Part I

Authors: Gocho V. Sharlanov
Comments: 25 Pages.

This article closes one important page of the 20th century physics – the “Theory of Relativity”. A thorough analysis of the Theory of Relativity was started with the publications of the articles “The Speed of Light and Uncertainty Principle of the Macro-world” and “Awareness of Special and General Relativity and Local and General Physical Reality”. The present article is expressly written in comprehensible language and starts with the awareness of the essence of the Special Relativity. The formulated “MODEL OF UNCERTAINTY OF THE UNIVERSE” and “THESIS ABOUT THE BEHAVIOR OF THE ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION IN GRAVITATIONAL FIELD”, which actually replaces the postulate of invariance of the speed of light formulated by Albert Einstein. On the base of this thesis, all the “unexpected” and “inexplicable” results of the most famous experiments related to the measurement of the speed of light obtain its genuine explanations. The conclusion of the theory of relativity is given as a result of the awareness of the physical reality (based as well and on a Einstein’s quotation about the validity of the theory of relativity). However, the final and complete conclusion about the Theory of Relativity will be given only by the readers and the time.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1657] viXra:1506.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-13 04:30:52

A New Paradigm of Quantum Certainty

Authors: Jung Lee
Comments: 32 Pages.

A new paradigm is now needed to disprove the common perception of Heisenberg’s experimental observations. A theoretical framework which will replace uncertainty with knowledge. One in which both the velocity and location of any particle can be determined with exact certainty. That the mathematical and logical paradox of singularity do not exist, as well as explain the apparent behavior of photons as both particles and waves is an easily understood and calculable phenomenon.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1656] viXra:1506.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-12 16:34:26

Only 2 Supersymmetric New Particles Can be Expected for a E8 x U(1) Symmetry Cyclic Universe

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: For supersymmetry, many new partner matter particles are expected. But because E8 x U(1) is the symmetry of our universe, however, we allow only 2 more particles (250 total). These would be ttH and ttZ type fermibosonic supersymmetric entities for use in transporting mass from an earlier old universe to a newer universe without violating flatness.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

Replacements of recent Submissions

[993] viXra:1507.0193 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-30 19:37:32

Modified Alcubierre Warp Drive II

Authors: Gianluca Perniciano
Comments: 10 Pages.

A solution of general relativity is presented that describes an Alcubierre propulsion system in which it is possible to travel at superluminal speed while reducing the components of the energy-impulse tensor (thus reducing energy density) by an arbitrary value. Here we investigate the negative energy in the Pfenning zone, and the quantum inequalities involved.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[992] viXra:1507.0165 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-27 18:21:31

Modified Alcubierre Warp Drive I

Authors: Gianluca Perniciano
Comments: 17 Pages.

A solution of general relativity is presented that describes an Alcubierre [1] propulsion system in which it is possible to travel at superluminal speed while reducing the components of the energy-impulse tensor (thus reducing energy density) by an arbitrary value. This solution also allows us to reduce Hawking radiation which would otherwise lead to the explosion of the spaceship (horizon instability [7])
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[991] viXra:1507.0153 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-30 19:14:01

The "Time since the Singularity" of Expanding Uniform Dust

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 9 Pages.

The calculations of Oppenheimer and Snyder revealed discrepancies in the behavior of a dust ball described using "standard" in place of "comoving" coordinates: periodic metric and energy density singularities that occur in "comoving" coordinates are completely eliminated by the Oppenheimer-Snyder transformation to "standard" coordinates. In addition, the definition of "comoving time" worryingly involves the clocks of an infinite number of different observers, removing it from the realm of what is physically observable. Nonetheless, the Oppenheimer-Snyder example of second-guessing "comoving" dust ball results by transforming them to physically less questionable coordinates has since rarely been emulated. We here treat a dust ball whose energy density always decreases; its "comoving" result has a familiar singularity at a sufficiently early time, which has prompted "age of the universe" terminology. But upon Oppenheimer-Snyder type transformation to "standard" coordinates, the singularity is eliminated, pulling the rug out from under "age" talk. Furthermore, the transformed dust ball was at no stage as small as its Schwarzschild radius. But in a time-reversed variant of well-known Oppenheimer-Snyder abrupt dust contraction, the transformed dust ball likely underwent an inflationary epoch. In addition to the above extension of the Oppenheimer-Snyder transformation, we point out why singular metrics are inconsistent with General Relativity fundamentals, and how "comoving coordinates" also contravene GR fundamentals.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[990] viXra:1507.0153 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-22 13:02:19

The "Time since the Singularity" of Expanding Uniform Dust

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 9 Pages.

The calculations of Oppenheimer and Snyder revealed discrepancies in the behavior of a dust ball described using "standard" in place of "comoving" coordinates: periodic metric and energy density singularities that occur in "comoving" coordinates are completely eliminated by the Oppenheimer-Snyder transformation to "standard" coordinates. In addition, the definition of "comoving time" worryingly involves the clocks of an infinite number of different observers, removing it from the realm of what is physically observable. Nonetheless, the Oppenheimer-Snyder example of second-guessing "comoving" dust ball results by transforming them to physically less questionable coordinates has since rarely been emulated. We here treat a dust ball whose energy density always decreases; its "comoving" result has a familiar singularity at a sufficiently early time, which has prompted "age of the universe" terminology. But upon Oppenheimer-Snyder type transformation to "standard" coordinates, the singularity is eliminated, pulling the rug out from under "age" talk. Furthermore, the transformed dust ball was at no stage as small as its Schwarzschild radius. But in a time-reversed variant of well-known Oppenheimer-Snyder abrupt dust contraction, the transformed dust ball likely underwent an inflationary epoch. In addition to the above extension of the Oppenheimer-Snyder transformation, we point out why singular metrics are inconsistent with General Relativity fundamentals, and how "comoving coordinates" also contravene GR fundamentals.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[989] viXra:1507.0090 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-20 07:04:13

About it How to Space-Time Was Eliminated from the General Relativity

Authors: Mirosław J. Kubiak
Comments: 5 Pages.

General Relativity is a theory which a since about 100 years describes the gravitational phenomena as geometric properties of the space-time. What happens if the space-time will be eliminated and replaced with the material medium. We discuss physical consequences of asuch exchange.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[988] viXra:1507.0067 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-14 04:12:09

A Few Things You Need to Know to Tell if a Nobel Laureate is Talking Nonsense

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 2 Pages. Version 2 corrects some punctuation.

People so often place their trust in the word of an Authority that they don’t carefully think about what they have been told. Consequently, that when upon a little reflection is recognised as utter fantasy, is passively accepted as true on the word of an Authority. Perhaps physics is the most pitiful example of the word of dogmatic Authority carrying sway over rational thought. Presented here are a few simple examples of the nonsensical claims made by physicists that reveal just how decrepit they and their science have become, and by which, hopefully, remedy is secured for the pensive reader.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[987] viXra:1507.0066 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-11 07:18:04

The Model of Space Convection System Instead of Big Bang Theory

Authors: Ichiro Nakayama
Comments: 10 Pages.

It was found that the universe is inflating with accelerated speed in 1998. But until today there is no theory to explain it. This time, a stationary space model instead of inflating model was made up that accounts for the cause of galaxies’ leaving each other with accelerating speed, by presuming space is equivalent to elementary particles. Also it explains gravity generation. Gravity and dark energy are created at the same time of a star formation by space’s change to elementary particles. After space changed to elementary particles around the center of the universe, it is transported to the verge of the universe. And around the verge of the universe, stars and galaxies change back to energy body again, after bursting into elementary particles. This is the space convection system. And the interaction by gravity or dark energy is caused by the energy level difference of energy body.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[986] viXra:1507.0045 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-15 06:53:39

Some Remarks on Cl3 and Lorentz Transformations

Authors: Miroslav Josipović
Comments: 13 Pages.

Geometric algebra is a powerful mathematical tool for description of physical phenomena. Algebra Cl3, based on Euclidean 3D vector space is a possible framework for physical theories, especially the new, broader definition of Lorentz transformations. Here we discuss several consequences from that broader definition. Among other things, we derived some consequences to the special theory of relativity, a change in speed limit for example.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[985] viXra:1506.0196 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-02 13:38:54

The Symmetric Lorentz Transformations (Symmetric Special Relativity)

Authors: Rodolfo A. Frino
Comments: 18 Pages.

In this paper I introduce the Symmetric Lorentz transformations. These new transformation equations are the foundations of a new theory of relativity that I call: Symmetric Special Relativity. In this paper I derive: (a) the formula for time dilation, (b) the formula for length contraction, (c) a new relativistic velocity addition formula which encompasses a part of Einstein's counterpart, and finally I prove that Newton's law of Universal Gravitation is invariant under a Symmetric Lorentz transformation. It seems that the Symmetric Lorentz transformations can indicate whether a given mathematical description of nature is acceptable (e.g. Newton's Gravity Law). On the other hand, the Lorentz transformations, can indicate whether a mathematical description of a law of nature is, strictly speaking, true or false (e.g. The Maxwell equations).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[984] viXra:1506.0161 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-27 15:03:31

Special Relativity for Beginners - Part I

Authors: Rodolfo A. Frino
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper I derive the classical formula for the kinetic energy of a particle from Einstein's relativistic kinetic energy formula without the use of the binomial expansion. This method is suitable to be taught in secondary schools' physics senior courses.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[983] viXra:1506.0148 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-26 16:12:38

The Falsification of Special Relativity

Authors: Octavian Balaci
Comments: 6 Pages.

Reassert the twin paradox in a new light, leading to the conclusion that the theory of relativity is inconsistent with the physical reality. Symmetric clocks paradox using two clocks in a special setup, in which both clocks are in inertial movement on the entire duration of experiment.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[982] viXra:1506.0141 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-29 10:04:53

The Electro-Magnetic Field Equation and the Electro-Magnetic Field Transformation in Rindler Spacetime

Authors: sangwha Yi
Comments: 17 Pages. Thank you for reading

In the general relativity theory, we find the electro-magnetic field transformation and the electro-magnetic field equation (Maxwell equation) in Rindler spacetime.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[981] viXra:1506.0141 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-02 07:52:15

The Electro-Magnetic Field Equation and Electro-Magnetic Field Transformation in Rindler Spacetime

Authors: sangwha Yi
Comments: 16 Pages. Thank you for reading

In the general relativity theory, we find the electro-magnetic field transformation and the electro-magnetic field equation (Maxwell equation) in Rindler spacetime.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[980] viXra:1506.0141 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-20 07:44:06

The Electro-Magnetic Field Equation and Electro-Magnetic Field Transformation in Rindler Spacetime

Authors: sangwha Yi
Comments: 15 Pages. Thank you for reading

In the general relativity theory, we find the electro-magnetic field transformation and the electro-magnetic field equation (Maxwell equation) in Rindler spacetime.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[979] viXra:1506.0134 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-18 02:31:08

The Theory 1/4 of Einstein

Authors: Wenceslao Segura González
Comments: 14 Pages. Spanish

In 1919 Einstein published an article in which he stated that the charged particles were stable as a result of a force of gravitational origin. Einstein modified the equation of general relativity, changing the numerical coefficient 1/2 by 1/4. The new theory satisfies all the results of General Relativity, and introduced naturally the cosmological constant, explaining the tension of Poincare as a gravitational effect. We analyze this theory of Einstein and check that there are no spherical particles and static.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[978] viXra:1506.0127 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-15 00:14:39

The Correct Derivation of Kepler’s Third Law for Circular Orbits Reveals a Fatal Flaw in General Relativity Theory

Authors: Jaroslav Hynecek
Comments: 5 Pages. none

In this paper the Kepler’s third law is derived for circular orbits using the two different metrics. The resulting formulas are compared with the formula for the Kepler’s third law derived from the Newtonian physics. The derivation is using the Lagrange formalism, but comments are made on error in derivation that has appeared in previous publication. It is found that the Kepler’s third law derived using the Schwarzschild metric results in an identical formula obtained from the Newtonian physics of a flat spacetime geometry. This clearly illustrates a problem for the Schwarzschild metric and consequently for the General Relativity Theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[977] viXra:1506.0127 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-18 12:13:25

The Correct Derivation of Kepler’s Third Law for Circular Orbits Reveals a Fatal Flaw in General Relativity Theory

Authors: Jaroslav Hynecek
Comments: 5 Pages. none

In this paper the Kepler’s third law is derived for circular orbits using the two different metrics. The resulting formulas are compared with the formula for the Kepler’s third law derived from the Newtonian physics. The derivation is using the Lagrange formalism, but comments are made on error in derivation that has appeared in previous publication. It is found that the Kepler’s third law derived using the Schwarzschild metric results in an identical formula obtained from the Newtonian physics of a flat spacetime geometry. This clearly illustrates a problem for the Schwarzschild metric and consequently for the General Relativity Theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[976] viXra:1506.0108 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-31 23:09:17

Frequency Decay Through Electromagnetic Radiation Absorption and re-Emission by Inter-Galactic Dark Matter as an Alternate Explanation for the Hubble Constant

Authors: D.G. Taylor
Comments: 25 Pages - Copyright# 1-2601748241

Presently, the decreasing frequency of Electromagnetic radiation from Galactic/Cluster objects as their distance from the Milky Way [MW] increases is taken as an absolute declaration of their motion away from the Solar system. The decay rate defined by the Hubble constant is so miniscule, it is reasonable to propose that frequency reduction of the signal could be due to interfering effect of inter-Galactic gases as an alternate explanation. It also reasons that if the objects on the edge of the Universe (an example being the UDFj-39546284 stellar structure at 13.423 Billion light years) were receding at the velocity reasoned from their Redshift, any EM signal would be moving more slowly, because of Relativistic effects. This paper determines the rate of frequency decay in an inter-Galactic scale environment. It also argues against the velocity of Universe expansion demanded by the Big Bang theory, given the currently accepted time for that event, and the time for the signals from the observed objects to move between the objects and our observation points. An alternate cause for the EM frequency shifts downward would be the Dark Matter throughout the Universe. A simple parallel to the reddening of solar radiation as it travels through a greater thickness of the atmosphere during both Sunrise and sunset. Support for this alternate supposition is that in current Hubble Theory, the M31 Galaxy and the NGC 300 Galaxy are at distances inconsistent with their recession velocity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[975] viXra:1506.0103 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-21 05:35:25

The Theory of Relativity by Albert Einstein & the Physical Society – Part I

Authors: Gocho V. Sharlanov
Comments: 26 Pages.

This article closes one important page of the 20th century physics – the “Theory of Relativity”. A thorough analysis of the Theory of Relativity was started with the publications of the articles “The Speed of Light and Uncertainty Principle of the Macro-world” and “Awareness of Special and General Relativity and Local and General Physical Reality”. The present article is expressly written in comprehensible language and starts with the awareness of the essence of the Special Relativity. It represents a new “MODEL OF UNCERTAINTY OF THE UNIVERSE” and “THESIS ABOUT THE BEHAVIOR OF THE ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION IN GRAVITATIONAL FIELD”, which actually replaces the postulate of invariance of the speed of light formulated by Albert Einstein. On the base of this thesis, all the “unexpected” and “inexplicable” results of the most famous experiments related to the measurement of the speed of light obtain its genuine explanations. The conclusion of the theory of relativity is given as a result of the awareness of the physical reality (based as well and on a Einstein’s quotation about the validity of the theory of relativity). However, the final and complete conclusion about the Theory of Relativity will be given only by the readers and the time.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology