**Previous months:**

2007 - 0702(20) - 0703(4) - 0704(2) - 0706(1) - 0708(1) - 0709(1) - 0710(1) - 0711(1) - 0712(2)

2008 - 0801(3) - 0802(1) - 0804(1) - 0805(1) - 0807(5) - 0810(2)

2009 - 0901(1) - 0902(3) - 0903(3) - 0907(7) - 0908(17) - 0909(28) - 0910(19) - 0911(13) - 0912(10)

2010 - 1001(3) - 1002(26) - 1003(26) - 1004(10) - 1005(10) - 1006(12) - 1007(9) - 1008(19) - 1009(10) - 1010(17) - 1011(23) - 1012(7)

2011 - 1101(36) - 1102(13) - 1103(36) - 1104(10) - 1105(5) - 1106(12) - 1107(16) - 1108(5) - 1109(13) - 1110(19) - 1111(22) - 1112(16)

2012 - 1201(37) - 1202(22) - 1203(18) - 1204(23) - 1205(22) - 1206(14) - 1207(17) - 1208(31) - 1209(17) - 1210(19) - 1211(17) - 1212(30)

2013 - 1301(33) - 1302(22) - 1303(42) - 1304(30) - 1305(25) - 1306(29) - 1307(23) - 1308(28) - 1309(21) - 1310(29) - 1311(23) - 1312(46)

2014 - 1401(36) - 1402(30) - 1403(33) - 1404(32) - 1405(39) - 1406(36) - 1407(46) - 1408(32) - 1409(26)

Any replacements are listed further down

[1416] **viXra:1409.0236 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-29 18:24:30*

**Authors:** James R Johnson

**Comments:** 13 Pages. email jrj2222@aol.com

Discovering hidden relationships, relationships that may reveal the secrets of nature, is a difficult if not impossible goal. This is primarily because the models of the two worlds, the Standard Model of Particle Physics (SMPP) and the Standard Model of Cosmology (SMC) have no elements in common, they are completely disjoint. Thus, relationships are hidden and finding them, may prove to be unattainable. However, attempts to identify "hidden relationships" must be based on dimensionless numbers and include constants and equations from both models. This article, by defining the dimensional and dimensionless constants within the SMPP and the SMC, illustrates the difficulty of finding relationships. Familiar ratios and a select group of ratios using Planck and Hubble constants are analyzed. The Schwarzschild black hole equation explains key relationships.
Keywords: Particle Physics, Cosmology, Dimensionless Numbers, Constants of Nature, Black Hole

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1415] **viXra:1409.0234 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-29 06:45:21*

**Authors:** José Francisco García Juliá

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The general relativity might be ruled out using the Fatio-Le Sage idea with the cosmic microwave background radiation. The special relativity might be ruled out because in it the wave equation for the light in the vacuum cannot be used.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1414] **viXra:1409.0233 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-29 06:28:49*

**Authors:** Mahgoub Salih

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In this work we found a correction of special relativity and verified the relation between inertial mass, gravitational mass and rest mass. Also we found a generalization of Newton’s law of gravitation and the Logarithmic gravitational potential responsible for the flat tendency of the rotation curves in spiral galaxies. We found the cosmological constant and the vacuum energy density in term of gravitational radius .we found spatial mass distribution of dark matter haloes and the condition appears in the circular velocity curve predicted from Navarro–Frenk–White, and the planets mass defect (sun-earth). We found new equation to Hawking radiation in term of curvature. We found the geodetic drift of the planets and the value of θ=6.67528 arc sec for the earth. Finally we explained the notion of Hypermass and Hyperscale and how it can be used to find MOND.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1413] **viXra:1409.0206 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-27 15:37:45*

**Authors:** Jeremy Dunning-Davies

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In view of some fairly recent comments in the literature, well-known facts concerning systems capable of achieving both positive and negative absolute temperatures are reviewed. These considerations are shown to raise serious unanswered questions concerning the widely accepted expression for the entropy of a Schwarzschild black hole.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1412] **viXra:1409.0201 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-26 15:26:27*

**Authors:** Mahgoub Salih

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

This model shows the relation between microscopic scale and macroscopic scale and the idea of time and mass in both scales. The equations of energy time equivalence and mass time equivalence are verified. Also we found the equation of cosmic microwave background radiation temperature (CMBRT). The diagram shows the multiverse and how it can be constructed in seven loops and eleven dimensions without a big bang dogma.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1411] **viXra:1409.0192 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-26 06:47:14*

**Authors:** Matti Pitkänen

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

BICEP2 team has announced a detection of gravitational waves via the effects of gravitational waves on the spectrum on polarization of cosmic microwave background (CMB). The findings - if true - have powerful implications for cosmological models. In this article the findings are discussed in the framework of TGD based cosmology in which the flatness of 3-space is interpreted in terms of quantum criticality
rather than inflation. The key role is played by gradually thickening cosmic strings carrying magnetic monopole flux, dark energy as magnetic energy and dark matter as large h_{eff} phases at cosmic strings. Very thin cosmic strings dominate the cosmology before the emergence of space-time as we know it and quantum criticality is associated with the phase transition between these two phases. Later cosmic strings serve as seeds of various cosmological structures by decaying partially to ordinary matter somewhat like inflaton fields in inflationary cosmology. Cosmic strings also explain the presence of magnetic fields in cosmos difficult to understand in standard approch. The crucial point is that - in contrast to ordinary magnetic fields - monopole fluxes do not require for their creation any currents coherent in long scales.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1410] **viXra:1409.0172 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-25 12:23:34*

**Authors:** Dmitri Martila

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Derived future-limited Universe model: the signature catastrophe can occur within 1.6/H0 seconds from now. The more strict constrain is made by inclusion of the dust-looking tensor.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1409] **viXra:1409.0164 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-23 15:54:41*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 12 Pages. 12

If the orbits of close binary stars are circular, and the light speed is NOT influenced by the speed of the stars, we have to expect that the light curves are symmetrical between moments of eclipse or even conjunction.
However, This is mostly not the case and still an ongoing debate in astronomy and called the
“O ‘Connell effect”.
According to Quantum FFF Theory, however I assume that the local light speed around the stars is gravity related for a mass related distance from the source (star) called LASOF ellipsoid, (Local Asymmetrical Oscillating vacuum Frame)
As a result the so called O ‘Connell effect can easily be explained as a logic result of additional redshift or blueshift by the local lightspeed variation.
At the same time also planets should show such lightspeed extinction effects, which is already measured but not understood by I.I.Shapiro (see “radar astronomy” edition by Evans and Hagfors, 1964).
As a consequence, Einstein’s Special relativity rules do not hold.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1408] **viXra:1409.0161 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-23 05:55:20*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Here, the cosmological Lithium problem and solar neutrino problem are solved within the scale-symmetric physics. There is a similarity between these two problems. The solar neutrino problem we can solve assuming that in the sun-like stars acts the GASER (the Gamma Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) and that there are in existence only two species of stable neutrinos (i.e. four different stable neutrinos) and one very unstable “neutrino” composed of three confined different stable neutrinos (the tau “neutrino”). The four-neutrino symmetry concerning the stable neutrinos, which solves the solar neutrino problem for the sun-like stars, solves as well the cosmological Li problem for dwarf stars.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1407] **viXra:1409.0158 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-21 21:42:59*

**Authors:** U.V.S. Seshavatharam, S.Lakshiminarayana

**Comments:** 30 Pages. Requesting an unbiased review....

If one is willing to consider the current cosmic microwave back ground temperature as a quantum gravitational effect of the evolving primordial cosmic black hole general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics can be combined into a ‘scale independent’ true unified model of quantum gravity. It can be suggested that, universe may or may not be a black hole, Hubble volume can be considered as a growing and light speed rotating black hole at 99% confidence level. With this proposal galactic rotational curves, cosmic dynamic stability can be understood. By considering the ‘Stoney mass’ as the initial mass of the baby Hubble volume, past and current physical and thermal parameters of the cosmic black hole can be understood. Isotropy and anisotropy of CMB can be understood. If rate of decrease in current ‘Hubble’s constant is very small and is beyond the scope of current experimental verification, then the two possible states are: a) current ‘Hubble’s constant is decreasing at a very slow rate and current universe is expanding at a very slow rate and b) at present there is no ‘observable’ cosmic expansion or acceleration. To understand the ground reality of current cosmic rate of expansion, sensitivity and accuracy of current methods of estimating the magnitudes of current CMBR temperature and current Hubble constant must be improved and alternative methods must be developed. If it is true that galaxy constitutes so many stars, each star constitutes so many hydrogen atoms and light is coming from the excited electron of galactic hydrogen atom, then considering redshift as an index of 'whole galaxy' receding may not be reasonable. During cosmic evolution, at any time in the past , in hydrogen atom emitted photon energy was always inversely proportional to the CMBR temperature. Thus past light emitted from older galaxy’s excited hydrogen atom will show redshift with reference to the current laboratory data. As cosmic time passes, in future, the absolute rate of cosmic expansion can be understood by observing the rate of increase in the magnitude of photon energy emitted from laboratory hydrogen atom. Past cosmic high temperature may be the root cause of observed super novae dimming. Like ILLUSTRIS, with advanced mathematics and computer simulation technology this model can be virtually developed for further study and analysis.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1406] **viXra:1409.0146 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-18 22:22:20*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto

**Comments:** 12 Pages. This paper has been published by Bulletin of Society of Mathematical Services and Standards (www.ijmsea.com)

As we know there are two main paradigms concerning the origin of the Universe: the first is Big-Bang Theory, and the other is Creation paradigm. But those two main paradigms each have their problems, for instance Big Bang Theory assumes that the first explosion was triggered by chance alone, therefore it says that everything emerged out of vacuum fluctuation caused by pure statistical chance. By doing so, its proponents want to avoid the role of the Prime Mover (God). Of course there are also other propositions such as the Steady State theory or Cyclical universe, but they do not form the majority of people in the world.
On the other side, Creation Theory says that the Universe was created by God in 6x24 hours according to Genesis chapter 1, although a variation of this theory says that it is possible that God created the Universe in longer period of thousands of years or even billions of years. But such a proposition seems not supported by Biblical texts.
To overcome the weaknesses of those main paradigms, I will outline here another choice, namely that the Universe was created by Logos (Christ in His pre-existence). This is in accordance with the Prolegomena of the Gospel of John, which says that the Logos was there in the beginning (John 1:1).
I describe 3 applications of the classical wave equation according to Shpenkov, i.e. hydrogen energy states, periodic table of elements, and planetary orbit distances. For sure, Shpenkov derived many more results beside these 3 phenomena as discussed in his 3 volume books and many papers, but these 3 phenomena are selected to give clear examples of what can be done with the classical wave equation. And then I extend further the classical wave equation to fractal vibrating string.
While of course this outline is not complete, this article is written to stimulate further investigations in this direction.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1405] **viXra:1409.0141 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-17 13:05:54*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 3 Pages. This paper relates to http://vixra.org/abs/1409.0072

Professor Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Nobel Laureate in Physics, Editor-in-Chief of the journal Foundations of Physics, has again brought attention to my work on black hole theory, big bang cosmology, and General Relativity, by means of his personal website, providing me thereby with the opportunity to address his most recent comments, particularly on black holes. Black hole universes are either asymptotically flat or asymptotically curved, by definition, and so there can be no universe containing multiple black holes.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1404] **viXra:1409.0137 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-17 05:48:32*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The vacuum field equations for the modified Higgs field are the most fundamental equations. The Kasner solution leads to virtual Higgs cyclones and virtual loops with toroidal and poloidal motions. Additional conditions lead to phase transitions of the modified Higgs field and quantization of the virtual Higgs cyclones which are free or overlap with the new structures. Due to the four succeeding phase transitions (their number is limited by the size of our Cosmos), there are in existence the four scales i.e. the superluminal-quantum-entanglement scale, luminal Planck scale concerning the Einstein-spacetime components, observed-particles scale and cosmological scale. Due to the quantum entanglement, there as well appear virtual cyclones and virtual loops in the Einstein spacetime. The negative pressure and characteristic motions (and the quantum entanglement) in the virtual structures cause that there appears the advection that rules the motions of matter. It leads to the “dark-matter” motions i.e. to the spin speeds of normal cold matter in galaxies almost independent from distances from the centers of galaxies. The dark energy consists of the additional Einstein-spacetime components which appeared due to the phenomena associated with the cosmological scale. The Feigenbaum constant delta follows from the internal structure of proton so this structure leads to the chaos theory. We can see the sequence: from vacuum field equations, via Kasner solution, to the virtual Higgs cyclones and loops, to phase transitions of the modified Higgs field, to quantum entanglement which via the virtual structures in the Einstein spacetime leads to the “dark-matter” motions. The chaos theory concerns particle physics and cosmology. The quantum physics appears on higher level of Nature.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1403] **viXra:1409.0128 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-16 15:29:21*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

In this paper I explain the elementary differences between energy and mass. When we consider the famous Einstein's formula E = mc2 these two concepts might look the same with the only differnce of a proportionalyty constant, c2 , between them. However when we explore these two concepts more meticouslosly we discover that they differ in several aspects.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1402] **viXra:1409.0117 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-15 09:35:28*

**Authors:** Wenceslao Segura González

**Comments:** 174 Pages. Spanish

El libro "Teoría de campo relativista" expone de forma clara las técnicas físico-matamáticas usadas en el estudio de los campos clásicos relativistas.
Este libro cumple una función pedagógica, estando dirigido a aquellos, que teniendo un conocimiento básico de electromagnetismo y relatividad, quieran profundizar en los aspectos formales de la teoría de campo.
Índice
Introducción
1.- Geometría diferencial
2.- Formulación lagrangiana de la teoría de campos
3.- Campo electromagnético
4.- Campo gravitatorio
5.- Teoría de campo unificado de Weyl
Apéndice 1
Apéndice 2

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1401] **viXra:1409.0104 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-13 12:42:17*

**Authors:** U.V.S. Seshavatharam, S.Lakshiminarayana

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Along with presently the believed black holes that are expected to be formed by gravitational collapse of a massive star, there may exist primordial evolving black holes. By absorbing the hidden vacuum energy primordial evolving black holes become massive. Planck mass can be considered as the basic mass of any black hole and can be called as the baby Planckion. Very high temperature of the baby Planckion is the heat source for the evolving black hole’s or evolving Planckion’s decreasing temperature. Considering the current cosmic microwave back ground temperature as a quantum gravitational effect of the evolving primordial cosmic black hole, general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics can be combined into a ‘scale independent’ true unified model of quantum gravity. Considering cosmic black hole’s light speed rotation and galactic revolution, observed galactic rotational curves can be understood. In the past, decreasing high cosmic black hole temperature forced hydrogen atom to emit increasing photon energy resulting in the observed redshift. Aged super novae dimming may be due to the effect of past high cosmic black hole temperature. As cosmic time passes, decreasing current cosmic black hole temperature makes hydrogen atom to emit increased quanta of energy causing the future redshift. In future, with reference to laboratory hydrogen atom, decreasing current cosmic temperature and measured rate of increase in emitted photon energy - true rate of future cosmic expansion can be understood. With reference to the decreasing current Hubble constant and decreasing current cosmic black hole temperature, true rate of future cosmic expansion can also be understood. Foundations of Quantum mechanics and General theory of relativity may be reviewed in this unified way.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1400] **viXra:1409.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-12 06:18:51*

**Authors:** Lubomir Vlcek

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

Relationship for kinetic energy derived from the asymmetrical form of the intensity of the moving charge. To derive it we do not need Lorentz's transformations equations, we do not need SPACE-TIME.
We do not need local time, or covariant equations or physical simultaneity definition or invariant interval. In other words, in physics we do not need Einstein's theory of relativity. From the asymmetrical form of the intensity of the moving charge we can derive Gauss law, Faraday's law and derive the 4th Maxwell's equation ( fictional by Maxwell and up to now was not derived).Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values: in direction of motion as own kinetic energy of charge and against direction of motion of charge represents the wave energy, which charge creates in transmision medium.
Kaufmann's experiment, Fizeau's experiment, Harres's Experiment, Kirchner, Perry, Chaffee experiments are reviewed.
Three objections to modern physics:
1. Form of the interference field is non-linear,
2.Form of Intensity of the Moving Charge Electric Field is asymmetrical,
3. Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values:
Kinetic energy of electron , (proton)
Tkin id =mc2 [ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c) / (1-v/c) ] in direction of motion of electron, (proton)
where v is velocity of electron, (proton).
Kinetic energy of electron , (proton)
Tkin ad = mc2 [ln |1+v/c|- (v/c) / (1+v/c) ] against direction of motion of electron, (proton)
where v is velocity of electron, (proton).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1399] **viXra:1409.0087 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-12 05:56:15*

**Authors:** Ángel Blanco Nápoles

**Comments:** 10 Pages. Language is not english. Refers to John A. Gowan.

Where we from, where we go? or how we are travel back to future looking only to past. New theory of everything. Gravity is the most powerful and unique "force" in the Universe. New dimension in our present virtual reality and new dimension in our actual present. Origin of all electromagnetics forces. Quantum theory. Geometry of Space-time in our present past. Big-Crunch. New entity named alpha, origin of everything. New vectors for Physic, new velocity and acceleration.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1398] **viXra:1409.0072 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-10 22:52:17*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 40 pages of text. 60 pages of mathematical appendices and references. The text is comprehensible alone.

I extend my thanks to Professor Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Nobel Laureate in Physics, for making more widely known my work on black hole theory, big bang cosmology, and Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, by means of his personal website, and for providing me thereby with the opportunity to address the subject matter - supported by extensive references to primary sources for further information - in relation to his many comments, by means of this dedicated paper. The extensive mathematical appendices herein are not prerequisite to understanding the text.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1397] **viXra:1409.0059 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-09 04:22:54*

**Authors:** Miroslav Pardy

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

We determine nonlinear transformations between coordinate systems which are mutually
in a constant symmetrical accelerated motion. The maximal acceleration limit follows from
the kinematical origin and it is an analogue of the maximal velocity in special relativity. We
derive the dependence of mass, length, time, Doppler effect, Cherenkov effect and transition
radiation angle on acceleration as an analogue phenomena in special theory of relativity. The
last application of our method is the Thomas precession by uniform acceleration which can
play the crucial role in modern particle physics and cosmology.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1396] **viXra:1409.0049 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-07 15:17:09*

**Authors:** Serge Miatovich

**Comments:** 34 Pages.

Physical matter has certain apparent information content. We explore here the amount and the role of this information content. The method of doing so will minimize the role of presently known laws of physics, in order to explore the effects of information content alone, and thus avoid potentially isomorphic conclusions.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1395] **viXra:1409.0042 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-06 14:07:24*

**Authors:** Victor Vaguine

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

It is recognized that foundational science is the key for the development of applied science and technology. In the final analysis, foundational science is the driving force for the progress and transformation of mankind. As a "compass", four Pointers are proposed to validate any particular direction in foundational science research. The Pointers are: P1 (Philosophy and Mindset), P2 (Mankind as an Emerging Intelligence), P3 (The Principle of Fine Tuning), and P4 (The General Copernican Principle). The Pointers are subjected to a verification test in four specific foundational situations: fundamental nature of quantum laws, unification of fundamental forces, the string theory, and the multiverse theory.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1394] **viXra:1409.0024 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-04 04:36:31*

**Authors:** Jacky Jerome, Paul Amoros, Al Bacconnier

**Comments:** Main article = 9 pages, mathematical demonstration = 73 pages

Eintein’s General Relativity does not explain recent enigmas of astrophysics such as dark
energy or accelerating universe. A thorough examination of the Einstein Field Equations (EFE)
highlights four inconsistencies. Solving these inconsistencies and bringing closer the EFE to
the Higgs mechanism fully explains the mass and gravity phenomena. The main interest of this
study is to propose a formula of mass in 4D, m=f(x,y,z,t), that solves several basic enigmas
fully demonstrated with mathematics but still not explained with logic and good sense, such as
“How spacetime can be curved by mass?”, or ‘What is the nature of the gravitational force?”, or
“What is the mechanism of conversion of mass into energy (E =mc2)?”. This paper also solves
the main enigmas of astrophysics and leads to interesting explanations of quantum mechanics.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1393] **viXra:1409.0014 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-02 06:49:37*

**Authors:** Robert Nazaryan, Haik Nazaryan

**Comments:** Short Communication Article in English and 4 pages

By using the principle of relativity (first postulate), together with new defined nature of the universal speed (our second postulate) and homogeneity of time-space (our third postulate), we derive the most general transformation equation of relativity in one dimensional space. According to our new second postulate, the universal (not limited) speed c in Armenian Special Theory of Relativity is not the actual speed of light but it is the speed of time which is the same in all inertial systems. Our third postulate: the homogeneity of time-space is necessary to furnish linear transformation equations. We also state that there is no need to postulate the isotropy of space. Our article is the accumulation of all efforts from physicists to fix the Lorentz transformation equations and build correct and more general transformation equations of relativity, which obey the rules of logic and fundamental group laws, without internal philosophical and physical inconsistencies.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1392] **viXra:1409.0013 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-09-02 04:18:54*

**Authors:** Daniele Sasso

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

The physical behavior of elementary particles, massive and energetic, in force fields is studied in this paper. In particular let us consider the gravitational field and the electrostatic field and relative to the electrostatic field, as already it was done for the gravitational field, we demonstrate the theoretical validity of an electrostatic perturbation due to the motion of an electric charge into the electrostatic field generated by a pole charge. This electrostatic perturbation, on a pair with the gravitational perturbation, has characteristics of continuity differently from electromagnetic radiation, emitted by accelerated charges, free or constrained in complex structures, that instead has quantum characteristics.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1391] **viXra:1408.0244 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-31 19:26:52*

**Authors:** Liu Taixiang

**Comments:** 12 Pages. e-mail:taixiang.l@126.com

The Theory of System Relativity is based on the premise of the assumption of the quantization of matter and introduces a brand new view of matter in terms of "monism and dualism". In view of the serious contradictions existing among the current different branches of physical theories, the author conducts a preliminary study from the perspective of the Theory of System Relativity and attempts to incorporate the different branches of physical theories into the theoretical framework of the Theory of System Relativity. Especially to the general relativity and the quantum theory, the author takes his unique view that the two different theories may achieve unity although the serous contradictions existing between them.
This book is a brand new way for matter principle. It can be used as a reference book for philosophy and fundamental physics research, and also be available for physics enthusiasts and relevant personnel.
e-mail:taixiang.l@126.com

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1390] **viXra:1408.0240 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-31 23:51:55*

**Authors:** Steven Kenneth Kauffmann

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

The crucial role of the Birkhoff theorem in Oppenheimer and Snyder's treatment of gravitationally contracting dust is psychologically difficult to reconcile with their exclusive utilization of position-independent dust energy density: on its face the latter excludes the existence any empty-space region whereas the Birkhoff theorem applies only to such regions. Their use of position-independent dust energy density was due to lack of known nonuniform-dust analytic solutions for spherically-symmetric "comoving coordinate systems". This article fills that gap for nonuniform dust which is initially momentarily stable, but in so doing reveals that its behavior in the "comoving coordinate system" always owes more to Newton than to Einstein: the metric periodically singularly contravenes the Principle of Equivalence due to its Newtonian-signature time cycloid component, and it manifests no trace of gravitational redshift. The now justifiable application of the Birkhoff theorem turns out to effect the physically correct inclusion of gravitational redshift; it singularly stretches the "comoving" dust system's time-cycloid first half-period to infinite time duration. The unfamiliar lesson here is that "comoving coordinate systems" are inherently bereft of crucial relativistic gravitational physics: this must be incorporated by a singular transformation to a physically more appropriate coordinate system.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1389] **viXra:1408.0234 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-31 13:42:28*

**Authors:** Russell Bagdoo

**Comments:** 10 pages. «Ondes de choc lumineuses cosmiques» is the French version of «Cosmic Luminous Shock Waves» on viXra.org/abs/1408.0232

Nous émettons l’hypothèse de l’existence d’ondes de choc lumineuses susceptibles de participer à la formation de nuages et d’événements atmosphériques sévères. Ces ondes auraient la particularité d’être créées et modulées par le choc des rayons cosmiques galactiques avec les particules de la couronne solaire : les particules énergétiques du rayonnement cosmique, en collision avec les atomes de l’atmosphère solaire, les disloquent, avec le résultat que la vitesse de l’électron ultra-relativiste dans le plasma solaire peut être supérieure à la vitesse de la lumière dans ce milieu. Ce qui produirait un rayonnement secondaire d’intensité supérieure analogue à celui des ondes rayonnantes dans les liquides par effet Tcherenkov. Leur existence pourrait être liée à un phénomène visuel appelé « expérience de flashes lumineux » auquel tous les astronautes sont confrontés.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1388] **viXra:1408.0232 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-31 09:48:30*

**Authors:** Russell Bagdoo

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

We hypothesize the existence of cosmic luminous shock waves which might participate in the formation of clouds and severe weather events. These waves would have the peculiarity to be created and modulated by the shock of the galactic cosmic rays with the particles of the solar corona: the energetic particles of cosmic rays collide with atoms of the solar atmosphere, shatter them, with the result that the velocity of the ultra-relativistic electron in the solar plasma might be greater than the speed of light in this medium. What would produce a secondary radiation of higher intensity analogous to that of the shock waves radiating in liquids by Cherenkov effect. Their existence may be linked to a visual phenomenon called «experience of bright light flashes» with which all the astronauts are confronted.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1387] **viXra:1408.0227 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-31 08:58:22*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 1 Page. Artigo em construção.

O movimento de 8’’,24 segundos de arco por século que mencionei como um novo valor para a anomalia de Mercúrio precisa ser melhor esclarecido, o que farei em próxima versão deste artigo.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1386] **viXra:1408.0226 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-30 20:11:40*

**Authors:** Russell Bagdoo

**Comments:** 2 Pages. This is the French version of Note added to paper «THE PHARAO/ACES MISSION AND THE ALLAIS EFFECT», on viXra.org/abs/1408.0219

Depuis que nous avons présenté le papier « LA MISSION PHARAO/ACES ET L’EFFET ALLAIS » en 2012, dans lequel nous demandions aux autorités scientifiques du projet Pharao de tenir compte de l’effet d’éclipse Allais, une information appréciable a été communiquée par la direction de Pharao à un de nos correspondants internet.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1385] **viXra:1408.0219 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-30 15:35:40*

**Authors:** Russell Bagdoo

**Comments:** 2 Pages. This is a Note added to paper «THE PHARAO/ACES MISSION AND THE ALLAIS EFFECT», org/abs/1301.0185 on viXra.

Since we submitted the paper «THE PHARAO/ACES MISSION AND THE ALLAIS EFFECT» in 2012, in which we asked to scientific authorities in charge of the Pharao project to consider the Allais eclipse effect, significant information concerning the Allais eclipse effect was provided to one of our Internet correspondents by the direction of the "Pharao project".

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1384] **viXra:1408.0213 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-30 02:09:06*

**Authors:** Rodney Bartlett

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

After reading "Study challenges black hole theory" in Astronomy magazine's September 2014 issue, I sat down in front of my computer and spent the whole afternoon typing this reply. Most of the thoughts were initially addressed in previous contributions to viXra.org and, as the heading states, this article is "Clarifying Previous Points Regarding Dark Matter" (with cameos by imaginary numbers, time travel into the past, instant space-time travel, unifying fundamental forces with each other as well as matter/mass, string theory, black holes, and the cosmic DVD)

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1383] **viXra:1408.0194 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-28 04:31:37*

**Authors:** Mirosław J. Kubiak

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Usually, physicists propose the alternative theories of gravity to the General Relativity (GR). In this paper we propose something different – m(GR) theory. This theory is the modification of GR theory, where the metric tensor has been replaced by the effective mass tensor. The m(GR) theory is a new theory of gravitation, which describes the gravitational phenomena not as geometric properties of the space-time but as the dynamical properties of the bodies which, under the influence of the external gravitational field, behave like bodies with the effective mass.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1382] **viXra:1408.0172 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-26 08:34:22*

**Authors:** Radwan M. Kassir

**Comments:** 10 pages

The perception of events in two inertial reference frames in relative motion is analyzed from the perspective of the special relativity (SR) postulates. Straightforward contradictions disproving the SR predictions have been identified. The hoax used in the SR formulation to get around the identified contradictions and hide their cause is revealed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1381] **viXra:1408.0171 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-26 04:17:34*

**Authors:** Robert Nazaryan, Haik Nazaryan

**Comments:** 11 Pages In English, Copyrighted

The aim of this current article is to illustrate in detail Armenian relativistic formulas and compare them with Lorentz relativistic formulas so that readers can easily differentiate these two theories and visualize how general and rich our Armenian Theory of Special Relativity really is with a spectacular build in asymmetry.
Then we are going behind this comparison and illustrating that build in asymmetry inside Armenian Theory of Special Relativity is reincarnating the aether as a universal reference medium, which is not contrary to relativity theory. We mathematically prove the existence of aether and we show how to extract infinite energy from the time-space or sub-atomic aether medium. Our theory explains all these facts and peacefully brings together followers of absolute aether theory, relativistic aether theory or followers of dark matter theory. We also mention that the absolute aether medium has a very complex geometric character, which has never been seen before.
We are explaining why NASA’s earlier "BPP" and DARPA’s "Casimir Effect Enhancement" programs failed.
We are also stating that the time is right to reopen NASA’s BPP program and fuel the spacecrafts using the everywhere existing aether asymmetric momentum force.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1380] **viXra:1408.0163 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-24 17:14:29*

**Authors:** James A. Tassano

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

We show that the Planck relation is a geometric mean equation, supporting the idea that the universe is undergoing a geometric mean expansion.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1379] **viXra:1408.0160 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-24 01:18:50*

**Authors:** Silas Sacheli Santos

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

New equations for bodies motions are derived from non-instantaneous forces, some equations of special relativity (but derived from Newtonian Physics), the galilean transformations and a preferred frame (the cosmic microwave backgound).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1378] **viXra:1408.0147 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-22 15:27:09*

**Authors:** George R. Briggs

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Abstract: In a previous letter (see viXra 1408.0067) I have found that our universe has the broken symmetry E8 x U(1) and should contain exactly 248 types of quantum particles and that these have all been found. Included are 2-quark and 3-quark particles but no particle having 4 quarks or more. We do find one copious 4-quark particle and propose that it is a marker particle to alert us to the fact that the exalted 248 numeric goal has been attained. Studies by others indicate a 6-quark particle should be plentiful, but this has not materialized.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1377] **viXra:1408.0146 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-22 08:31:10*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 1 Page. In portuguese.

Far as we could tell, the calculated value of the general precession (5026.50'') are not contained in other effects of Earth's rotation, as nutation, and therefore can be an important component to explain the anomaly of Mercury.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1376] **viXra:1408.0117 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-18 07:00:33*

**Authors:** Jan Helm

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

We discuss the Oppenheimer-Snyder-Datt (OSD) solution from a new perspective, introduce a completely new formulation of the problem exclusively in external Schwarzschild space-time (ESM) and present a new treatment of the singularities in this new formulation. We also give a new Newtonian approximation of the problem. Furthermore, we present new numerical solutions of the modified OSD-model and of the ball-to-ball-collapse with 4 different numerical methods.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1375] **viXra:1408.0112 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-18 06:13:57*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 3 Pages. In portuguese.

Give an example of how it is possible that a limitation in determining the value of daily precession of the perihelion of Mercury explain this when designed for a century.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[780] **viXra:1409.0164 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-26 03:50:25*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 12 Pages. 12

If the orbits of close binary stars are circular, and the light speed is NOT influenced by the speed of the stars, we have to expect that the light curves are symmetrical between moments of eclipse or even conjunction.
However, This is mostly not the case and still an ongoing debate in astronomy and called the
“O ‘Connell effect”.
According to Quantum FFF Theory, however I assume that the local light speed around the stars is gravity related for a mass related distance from the source (star) called LASOF ellipsoid, (Local Asymmetrical Oscillating vacuum Frame)
As a result the so called O ‘Connell effect can easily be explained as a logic result of additional redshift or blueshift by the local lightspeed variation.
At the same time also planets should show such lightspeed extinction effects, which is already measured but not understood by I.I.Shapiro (see “radar astronomy” edition by Evans and Hagfors, 1964).
As a consequence, Einstein’s Special relativity rules do not hold.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[779] **viXra:1409.0141 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-18 06:36:56*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 3 Pages. This paper pertains to: http://viXra.org/abs/1409.0072

Professor Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Nobel Laureate in Physics, Editor-in-Chief of the journal Foundations of Physics, has again brought attention to my work on black hole theory, big bang cosmology, and General Relativity, by means of his personal website, providing me thereby with the opportunity to address his most recent comments, particularly on black holes. Black hole universes are either asymptotically flat or asymptotically curved, by definition, and so there can be no universe containing multiple black holes. All alleged big bang universes are not asymptotically anything.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[778] **viXra:1409.0087 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-16 02:16:49*

**Authors:** Ángel Blanco Nápoles

**Comments:** 15 Pages. Language is not English. Refers to works of John A. Gowan

Where we from, where we go? or how we are travel back to future looking only to past. New Theory of everything or Super Relativity, Final Theory. Gravity is the most powerful force in the Universe. New dimensions in our present past virtual reality and new dimensions in our Universe. Real Origin of all "electromagnetics forces". Quantum theory. Real Geometry of Space-time in our Universe. There is not Big-Bang and/or Big-Crunch, only Black Holes. What is Black Hole? What is the function of Black Holes? New entities named alpha and beta, origin of everything. New vectors for Physic, new velocities and accelerations. Final Model: two entities and one Force. Our Universe is 12-D: 8 spatial dimensions and 4 time. The most important 2 time dimensions. Antigravity is possible. Inertial and gravitational mass is the same. Origin of mass. Travels to Star is possible. Travel in Time is Theoretical possible. Parallel Universes.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[777] **viXra:1409.0072 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-11 13:07:35*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 40 pages of text. 60 pages of mathematical appendices and references. Version 2 corrects some typos.

I extend my thanks to Professor Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Nobel Laureate in Physics, for making more widely known my work on black hole theory, big bang cosmology, and Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, by means of his personal website, and for providing me thereby with the opportunity to address the subject matter - supported by extensive references to primary sources for further information - in relation to his many comments, by means of this dedicated paper. The extensive mathematical appendices herein are not prerequisite to understanding the text.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[776] **viXra:1409.0018 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-12 13:50:42*

**Authors:** Mueiz Gafer KamalEldeen

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this paper , a new and very simple cosmological model is introduced . It is shown how the model can explain some observations including Habble's law and dark energy and affect our understanding of some concepts .

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[775] **viXra:1408.0240 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-12 03:14:18*

**Authors:** Steven Kenneth Kauffmann

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

The crucial role of the Birkhoff theorem in Oppenheimer and Snyder's treatment of gravitationally contracting dust is psychologically difficult to reconcile with their exclusive utilization of position-independent dust energy density: on its face the latter excludes the existence any empty-space region whereas the Birkhoff theorem applies only to such regions. Their use of position-independent dust energy density was due to lack of known nonuniform-dust analytic solutions for spherically-symmetric "comoving coordinate systems". This article fills that gap for nonuniform dust which is initially momentarily stable, but in so doing reveals that its behavior in the "comoving coordinate system" always owes more to Newton than to Einstein: the metric periodically singularly contravenes the Principle of Equivalence due to its Newtonian-signature time cycloid component, and it manifests no trace of gravitational redshift. The now justifiable application of the Birkhoff theorem turns out to effect the physically correct inclusion of gravitational redshift; it singularly stretches the "comoving" dust system's time-cycloid first half-period to infinite time duration. The unfamiliar lesson here is that "comoving coordinate systems" are inherently bereft of crucial relativistic gravitational physics: this must be incorporated by a singular transformation to a physically more appropriate coordinate system.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[774] **viXra:1408.0227 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-29 05:37:05*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

(=> Artigo em Construção <=) Procuramos esclarecer que o movimento do periélio dos planetas não é algo que possa ser observado diretamente. Embora seja um importante elemento orbital, o periélio é um conceito teórico, que varia no tempo sob a influência de perturbações e não acompanha o movimento do planeta. Há de se ter um encontro periódico entre o planeta e seu periélio, uma igualdade entre a longitude da posição do planeta e a longitude do seu periélio, mas estes momentos também não são evidentes, nem possíveis de serem observados em todas as ocorrências e sem dúvida alguma. Se observarmos o trânsito de Mercúrio pelo disco do Sol não conseguiremos discernir com a precisão necessária se ele se aproxima ou se afasta do Sol, se sua distância diminui ou aumenta, se ele atingiu a distância mínima ou máxima do Sol, apenas saberemos que ele percorre uma linha aproximadamente reta sobre o Sol, segundo determinado ângulo e em determinado intervalo de tempo. Além deste fato, que pode ser óbvio para uns e uma revelação para outros, também apresentaremos um resumo das teorias de Le Verrier e Stockwell, comentários de Newcomb e a maneira como foram obtidos os valores observados de Clemence, referência importante citada por Weinberg. São também mostradas mais algumas hipóteses para a precessão do periélio de Mercúrio, como uma diminuição na massa do Sol, ao invés de um acréscimo na massa dos planetas, parecido com o que já se fez com a hipótese do vento solar. Um valor teórico exato obtido classicamente também será mostrado durante o desenvolvimento deste artigo.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[773] **viXra:1408.0227 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-22 06:33:17*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

(=> Artigo em Construção <=) Procuramos esclarecer que o movimento do periélio dos planetas não é algo que possa ser observado diretamente. Embora seja um importante elemento orbital, o periélio é um conceito teórico, que varia no tempo sob a influência de perturbações e não acompanha o movimento do planeta. Há de se ter um encontro periódico entre o planeta e seu periélio, uma igualdade entre a longitude da posição do planeta e a longitude do seu periélio, mas estes momentos também não são evidentes, nem possíveis de serem observados em todas as ocorrências e sem dúvida alguma. Se observarmos o trânsito de Mercúrio pelo disco do Sol não conseguiremos discernir com a precisão necessária se ele se aproxima ou se afasta do Sol, se sua distância diminui ou aumenta, se ele atingiu a distância mínima ou máxima do Sol, apenas saberemos que ele percorre uma linha aproximadamente reta sobre o Sol, segundo determinado ângulo e em determinado intervalo de tempo. Além deste fato, que pode ser óbvio para uns e uma revelação para outros, também apresentaremos um resumo das teorias de Le Verrier e Stockwell, comentários de Newcomb e a maneira como foram obtidos os valores observados de Clemence, referência importante citada por Weinberg. São também mostradas mais algumas hipóteses para a precessão do periélio de Mercúrio, como uma diminuição na massa do Sol, ao invés de um acréscimo na massa dos planetas, parecido com o que já se fez com a hipótese do vento solar. Um valor teórico exato obtido classicamente também será mostrado durante o desenvolvimento deste artigo.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[772] **viXra:1408.0227 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-14 18:22:58*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

(=> Artigo em Construção <=)
Procuramos esclarecer que o movimento do periélio dos planetas não é algo que possa ser observado diretamente. Embora seja um importante elemento orbital, o periélio é um conceito teórico, que varia no tempo sob a influência de perturbações e não acompanha o movimento do planeta. Há de se ter um encontro periódico entre o planeta e seu periélio, uma igualdade entre a longitude da posição do planeta e a longitude do seu periélio, mas estes momentos também não são evidentes, nem possíveis de serem observados em todas as ocorrências e sem dúvida alguma. Se observamos o trânsito de Mercúrio pelo disco do Sol não conseguiremos discernir se ele se aproxima ou se afasta do Sol, apenas saberemos que ele percorre uma linha aproximadamente reta sobre o Sol, segundo determinado ângulo e em determinado intervalo de tempo. Além deste fato, que pode ser óbvio para uns e uma revelação para outros, também apresentaremos um resumo das teorias de Le Verrier e Stockwell, comentários de Newcomb e a maneira como foram obtidos os dados observados por Clemence, referência importante citada por Weinberg. Chega a ser dolorosa a leitura de Le Verrier, um trabalho que me faz sentir um arqueólogo, lidando com documentos num idioma já abandonado, objetos antigos e fragmentados, sujeitos a erros de interpretação, mas confiante de que está no caminho certo e de que o que ele faz é importante. São também mostradas mais algumas hipóteses para a precessão do periélio de Mercúrio, como uma diminuição na massa do Sol, ao invés de um acréscimo na massa dos planetas, parecido com o que já se fez com a hipótese do vento solar. Um valor teórico exato obtido classicamente também será mostrado durante o desenvolvimento deste artigo.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[771] **viXra:1408.0213 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-02 01:46:58*

**Authors:** Rodney Bartlett

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Reason for replacement - to address this statement from the new version: "If a quadrupole gravitational wave becomes a dipole electromagnetic wave, it not only has to change its strength in the way described above but it also has to change its shape."
After reading "Study challenges black hole theory" in Astronomy magazine's September 2014 issue, I sat down in front of my computer and spent the whole afternoon typing this reply. Most of the thoughts were initially addressed in previous contributions to viXra.org and, as the heading states, this article is "Clarifying Previous Points Regarding Dark Matter" (with cameos by imaginary numbers, time travel into the past, instant space-time travel, unifying fundamental forces with each other as well as matter/mass, string theory, black holes, and the cosmic DVD).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[770] **viXra:1408.0172 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-12 02:02:09*

**Authors:** Radwan M. Kassir

**Comments:** 13 pages. v3: new edition

The perception of events in two inertial reference frames in relative motion is analyzed from the perspective of the special relativity (SR) postulates. Straightforward inconsistencies have been identified, and subsequent mathematical contradictions disproving the SR predictions have been determined. The approach used in the SR formulation to get around the identified contradictions is revealed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[769] **viXra:1408.0172 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-08-28 08:12:58*

**Authors:** Radwan M. Kassir

**Comments:** 10 pages. v2 - minor editing

The perception of events in two inertial reference frames in relative motion is analyzed from the perspective of the special relativity (SR) postulates. Straightforward contradictions disproving the SR predictions have been identified. The hoax used in the SR formulation to get around the identified contradictions and hide their cause is revealed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[768] **viXra:1408.0160 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-14 14:13:22*

**Authors:** Silas Sacheli Santos

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

New equations for the motions of bodies are derived from non-instantaneous forces, some equations of special relativity (but derived from Newtonian Physics), Galilean transformations and a preferred frame (the cosmic microwave background).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[767] **viXra:1408.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-10 13:33:24*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

As we could see, other effects of Earth's rotation, as nutation, are not contained in the value of the general Earth's precession calculated for Mercury (5026.50''), and therefore can be an important component to explain the anomaly of Mercury. We should also add the variability of Earth’s precession, very well expressed in John N. Stockwell (and according to Mécanique Céleste).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[766] **viXra:1408.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-08-25 12:58:33*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

As we could see, other effects of Earth's rotation, as nutation, are not contained in the value of the general Earth's precession calculated for Mercury (5026.50''), and therefore can be an important component to explain the anomaly of Mercury. We should also add the variability of Earth’s precession, very well expressed in John N. Stockwell (and according to Mécanique Céleste).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[765] **viXra:1408.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-08-25 06:10:13*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

As we could see, other effects of Earth's rotation, as nutation, are not contained in the value of the general precession Earth's calculated for Mercury (5026.50''), and therefore can be an important component to explain the anomaly of Mercury. We should also add the variability of Earth’s precession, very well expressed in John N. Stockwell (and according to Mécanique Céleste).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[764] **viXra:1408.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-08-24 07:51:51*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 1 Page.

As we could see, the value of the general precession calculated for Mercury (5026.50'') are not contained in other effects of Earth's rotation, as nutation, and therefore can be an important component to explain the anomaly of Mercury. We should also add the variability of precession, very well expressed in John N. Stockwell (and according to Mécanique Céleste).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[763] **viXra:1408.0112 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-07 13:04:33*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

An example is given of how it is possible that a limitation in determining the value of daily precession of the perihelion of Mercury explain this precession when designed for a century.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[762] **viXra:1408.0112 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-08-19 06:00:47*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

An example is given of how it is possible that a limitation in determining the value of daily precession of the perihelion of Mercury explain this precession when designed for a century.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology