Relativity and Cosmology

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Recent Submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[1246] viXra:1404.0453 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-24 05:39:44

Ask the Atom! (The Other Relativity Tested with the Atom)

Authors: Leonardo Rubino
Comments: 12 Pages.

Let’s ask the atom if what I called Other Relativity stands with numbers. (…and also when Taylor no longer applies)
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1245] viXra:1404.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-23 06:58:09

Mibc and the Dirac Spin Effect in Torsion Gravity

Authors: Mustafa Salti, Irfan Acikgoz
Comments: 10 Pages. Rom. J. Phys. Vol.59, Nos:3-4 (2014) 214-223.

The spin precession of a Dirac particle in monotonically increasingly boosted coordinates is calculated using torsion gravity (teleparallel theory of gravity). Also, we find the vector and the axial-vector parts of the torsion tensor.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1244] viXra:1404.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-22 16:55:21

The Action Function of Adiabatic Systems

Authors: Hans Detlef Hüttenbach
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is shown that the action function of a macroscopic adiabatic system of particles described as continuously differentable functions of energy-momentum in space-time, exists, that this is a plane wave, and that this function can in turn be integrated to a 4-vector field, which satisfies the Maxwell equations in the Lorentz gauge. Also, it is shown, how to formulate these results in terms of Functional Analysis of Hilbert spaces. With it, we show a.o. that PCT = −CPT = ±1 holds, which is a strong form of the PCT-theorem; we show that - in order to capture the concept of mass - the standard model gauge group has to be augmented by a factor group U(2), such that the complete gauge group becomes U(4). It is shown that the sourceless action field in itself suffices to describe the long ranged interaction of matter, both, electromagnetic and gravitational. This turns Einstein’s conception of photons as real particles and subsequently the concept of gravitons into physically unproven assumptions, which complicate, but not simplify the theory. The fundamental question is, whether long ranged fields are made of real, massless bosons, or if they are sourceless. As proposed, a simple experiment can be carried out to answer this question.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1243] viXra:1404.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-21 13:35:48

The Casimir Warp Drive:is the Casimir Effect a Valid Candidate to Generate and Sustain a Natario Warp Drive Spacetime Bubble??

Authors: Fernando Loup
Comments: 63 Pages.

Warp Drives are solutions of the Einstein Field Equations that allows superluminal travel within the framework of General Relativity. There are at the present moment two known solutions: The Alcubierre warp drive discovered in $1994$ and the Natario warp drive discovered in $2001$. The major drawback concerning warp drives is the huge amount of negative energy able to sustain the warp bubble.In order to perform an interstellar space travel to a "nearby" star at $20$ light-years away in a reasonable amount of time a ship must attain a speed of about $200$ times faster than light.However the negative energy density at such a speed is directly proportional to the factor $10^{48}$ which is $1.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000$ times bigger in magnitude than the mass of the planet Earth!! Although the energy conditions of General Relativity forbids the existence of negative energy the Casimir Effect first predicted by Casimir in $1948$ and verified experimentally by Lamoreaux in $1997$ allows sub-microscopical amounts of it. Lamoreaux obtained experimentally negative energy densities of $10^{-4} \frac{Joules}{Meter^{3}}$.This is an extremely small value $10^{20}$ times lighter than the ones of a body of $1$ kilogram in a cubic meter of space or better:$100.000.000.000.000.000.000$ times lighter than the ones of a body of $1$ kilogram in a cubic meter of space. We introduce in this work a shape function that will low the negative energy density requirements in the Natario warp drive from $10^{48} \frac{Joules}{Meter^{3}}$ to $10^{-7} \frac{Joules}{Meter^{3}}$ a result $1000$ times lighter than the ones obtained by Lamoreaux proving that the Casimir Effect can generate and sustain a Natario warp drive spacetime.We also discuss other warp drive drawbacks:collisions with hazardous interstellar matter(asteroids or comets) that may happen in a real interstellar travel and Horizons(causally disconnected portions of spacetime).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1242] viXra:1404.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-20 20:53:24

Non-Singularity, Sense and the Universe as Manifestation of Sense

Authors: Stephen Winter
Comments: 6 Pages.

1. WHAT IS THE UNIVERSE : Non-singularity . Singularity (non-existence) is logically not. . The universe consists of abstraction (and nothing else) . Physical constants can't be other than exactly tailored . The world is a sense machine . The Fourth-Bag-Problem . Perception is extremely blinding out
2. WHAT IS WRONG WITH TODAY'S SCIENCE OF THE UNIVERSE : The universe has no size . The origin of the universe is not a location . 'Dark energy' wouldn't effect anything . Big Voids and SMBlack Holes = source and sink . The light of the universe isn't observable . Most galaxies move a billion times faster than light . Conceptually misguided space missions . Into limitless divergence
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1241] viXra:1404.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-19 16:43:19

On the Probability of Origin of the Universe and Other Matters

Authors: Mustafa A. Khan
Comments: 4 Pages.

This article deals with the most fundamental of the questions about the universe, namely, how it came into existence. In this article I use the famous mass/energy equation of Einstein and interpret it in a novel way which makes it possible for our universe to come into existence out of pure thoughts only. I also discuss how to calculate the probability for our type of universe to come into existence and find that the initial mass at the time of the Big Bang has to be within a certain range for the event to occur and give rise to our type of universe. This is similar to the concept of the goldilocks zone for the solar system for the existence of life.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1240] viXra:1404.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-16 04:23:52

Model-Independent Solution to Dark Energy Problem

Authors: Sergey I. Kuznetsov
Comments: 11 Pages.

The proposed model-independent solution to the dark energy problem requires only redefining the redshift parameter z with no special assumptions about the mechanism of cosmological redshifting. The new definition of the redshift parameter finds its justification in cosmological models based on both special and general relativity. In this paper a Hubble diagram is produced from a sample of the SNe1a observational data, after recalculating measured redshifts according to the new definition with no change in corresponding magnitudes (apparent luminosities). A linear fit of the observational data obtained with the newly-defined redshift z* can be considered as an evidence for the non-accelerating Universe with no need for any dark energy.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1239] viXra:1404.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-16 06:23:32

Sedeonic Equations of Gravitoelectromagnetism

Authors: Victor L. Mironov, Sergey V. Mironov
Comments: 9 pages, 3 tables

In present paper we develop the description of massless fields on the basis of space-time algebra of sixteen-component sedeons. The generalized sedeonic second-order equation for unified gravito-electromagnetic (GE) field describing simultaneously weak gravity and electromagnetism is proposed. The relations for the GE field energy, momentum and Lorentz invariants are derived. The special case of GE field described by first-order sedeonic wave equation is also discussed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1238] viXra:1404.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-15 23:17:07

The Theory of Big Bang: Where Are the Logical Errors? (Discussion)

Authors: Temur Z. Kalanov.
Comments: 4 Pages.

The critical discussion of the theory of Big Bang is proposed. Methodological basis is the unity of formal logic and of rational dialectics. It is proved that the theory of Big Bang contains three fundamental logical errors.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1237] viXra:1404.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-14 21:17:19

Varying Speed of Light in an Anisotropic Four-Dimensional Space

Authors: J. C. Perez Ramos
Comments: 21 Pages. Spanish

We show how the theory of relativity disagrees with the isotropy of the expanding universe and with the experimental arguments in favour of the existence of a preferred frame. We postulate a new heuristic principle, the invariance of the radius of the universe, deriving new transformation equations. Then we develop the geometric scenario and we prove how the universe equals an anisotropic inhomogeneous hypersphere in four-space. The new model quite naturally incorporates the expanding universe, solves the cosmological horizon problem, explains the asymmetrical time dilation effect (for example, in the twin paradox) and describes the Big Bang in an original way by reducing the radius of the hypersphere to zero. The speed of light acquires a new geometrical meaning that justifies a varying speed of light (VSL) theory and clarifies unsolved problems in physics as the Pioneer anomaly, cosmological puzzles, the dark matter, the dark energy, the Loschmidt paradox and even the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1236] viXra:1404.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-13 20:22:09

Extraterrestrial Physics

Authors: Brent Jarvis
Comments: 12 Pages. This is an updated version of GKD.

This paper was written for the general public and it outlines the basics of General Keplerian Dynamics (GKD). GKD is a Grand Unified Theory that can be proven experimentally via the Tajmar effect, the DePalma effect, the spin origin of the Earth's electric field, and the predicted outcomes of quantum teleportation effects, the “reverse” precession of Venus, the spin-dependent precession of atomic systems, and the polar frequency of stellar bodies. If you are an experimental physicist who would like to prove/disprove GKD, please visit the pending predictions section within the Proof/Predictions/Resources/Affiliates link on our homepage www.gkdtheory.com. This document gets updated periodically. The latest date of publication was on 04/13/14.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1235] viXra:1404.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-12 18:17:51

Modeling the Universe as a Quantum Well

Authors: Michael Harney, Julie Seal
Comments: 8 Pages.

By modeling the Universe as a quantum well for standing waves and solving Schrodinger’s equation for a particle trapped in this well, the solutions for the allowable rest-energies of all particles in the Universe are obtained, from the mass of the photon up to the mass of the Universe. The quantum numbers that predict the allowable rest-energies of all particles are also found to quantize the distance over which gravity acts, ranging from the Planck length to the radius of the universe. The potential that is derived from the quantum well model is validated for gravitational, strong, weak and electromagnetic forces by confirming the mass of the vector particle for each force.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1234] viXra:1404.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-12 20:43:51

Time?

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 6 Pages. Preprint from: "The Physics of Reality: Space, Time, Matter,Cosmos" (2013) RL Amoroso, LH Kauffman, P. Rowlands (eds.) Singapore: World Scientific Publishers, pp. 504-509

The concept of time in the 'clockwork' Newtonian world was irrelevant; and has generally been ignored until recently by several generations of physicists since the implementation of quantum mechanics. We will set aside the utility of time as a property relating to physical calculations of events relating to a metrics line element or as an aspect of the transformation of a particles motion/interaction in a coordinate system or in relation to thermodynamics etc., i.e. we will discard all the usual uses of time as a concept used to circularly define physical parameters in terms of other physical parameters; concentrating instead on time as an aspect of the fundamental cosmic topology of our virtual reality especially as it inseparably relates to the nature and role of the observer in natural science.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1233] viXra:1404.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-11 08:51:18

Relativity Without Lorentz Invariance Solves the Twin Paradox

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Twin Paradox is one of the most fascinating paradoxes in physics. In Special Relativity, the paradox arises due to the nonexistence of a preferred frame of reference, resulting in both twins observing that he or she is younger than the other twin. Nonetheless, it is commonly agreed that the "traveling" twin returns younger than the "staying" twin. The prevailing solution is obtained by deviating from the relativity principle and assuming that the "staying" twin's frame is preferred over the "traveling" twin's frame. Here I show that a relativity theory without the Lorentz Invariance Principle yields a commonsensical solution to the paradox, according to which the twins should age equally. The proposed solution is in full agreement with the essence of relativity, which prescribes the nonexistence of a preferred frame of reference.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1232] viXra:1404.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-09 21:41:25

Novel Consequences of a New Derivation of Maximum Force in Agreement with General Relativity's F_max = C^4/4G

Authors: Richard J. Benish
Comments: 23 Pages.

Schiller has shown not only that a maximum force follows from General Relativity, he has also argued that General Relativity can be derived from the principle of maximum force. In the present paper an alternative derivation of maximum force is given. Inspired by the equivalence principle, the approach is based on a modification of the well known special relativity equation for the velocity acquired from uniform proper acceleration. Though in Schiller's derivation the existence of gravitational horizons plays a key role, in the present derivation this is not the case. In fact, though the kinematic equation that we start with does exhibit a horizon, it is not carried over to its gravitational counterpart. A few of the geometrical consequences and physical implications of this result are discussed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1231] viXra:1404.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-09 22:49:29

Cosmic Everything Mass-Density Chart: SGM vs GR

Authors: Richard Benish
Comments: 1 Page.

With respect to logarithmic scales spanning over 80 orders of magnitude of mass and over 70 orders of magnitude of density, this chart represents essentially all known bodies of matter in the Universe, including the Universe itself. A variety of essential cosmic relationships become immediately evident: the broad span of atomic matter, which branches toward increasing and decreasing density at the mass of stars; the Chandrasekhar limit mass; some curious ratios involving the fine structure constant; and the artificial, unnatural appearance of the Schwarzschild horizon line. Also displayed is a simple expression that defines Newton's constant G in terms of two key densities and three fundamental atomic constants.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1230] viXra:1404.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-10 01:16:57

The Gravitational Origin of Cosmic Rays and Why There’s Only One Fundamental Force

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 3 Pages.

First, I refer you to two statements in "Solving the mystery of COSMIC RAYS" by Angela Olinto (Astronomy magazine - April 2014): a) In 2013, scientists discovered that cosmic rays - charged particles travelling near the speed of light - get their energy by travelling back and forth over the edges of supernova remnants ... The origins of the highest-energy cosmic rays, though, remain a mystery." b) "Or are they (ultra-high-energy cosmic rays) accelerated in the explosive deaths of the massive stars that create black holes and neutron stars?" Then I ask if the theories of Einstein suggest the origin of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays is, ultimately, gravitational?
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1229] viXra:1404.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-08 23:07:30

The Galactic Center

Authors: Kenneth Dalton
Comments: 5 Pages.

Many galaxies have a concentration of mass at their center, which has come to be known as a "black hole". In the model presented here, the mass is attributed to a neutral gas of electrons and positrons. It is found that electron degeneracy pressure supports the smaller masses against gravity. The larger masses are supported by ideal gas and radiation pressure. Physical properties are calculated for the range 450 to 45 billion solar masses.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1228] viXra:1404.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-08 01:59:59

The Metric Outside a Fixed Charged Body in the Covariant Theory of Gravitation

Authors: Sergey G. Fedosin
Comments: 9 Pages.

The metric outside a charged body is calculated. As part of the given approach it is shown that the gravitational and electromagnetic fields are equally involved in the formation of the metric tensor components. And the contribution of fields in the metric is proportional to the energy of these fields. From equations for the metric it follows that the metric tensor components are determined up to two constants.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1227] viXra:1404.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-07 10:52:42

Concept of the Effective Mass Tensor in GR. Field Equations

Authors: Miroslaw J. Kubiak
Comments: 6 Pages.

In the previous papers [1, 2] we presented the concept of the effective mass tensor the in General Relativity (GR). According to this concept under the influence of the gravitational field the bare mass tensor becomes the effective mass tensor. Assuming that there is a relationship between metric tensor and the effective mass tensor we obtained modified Einstein’s field equations, which gives new meaning to GR.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1226] viXra:1404.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-06 13:30:19

On the Contradictions of Relativity of Simultaneity and the Synchronism of Clocks

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 32 Pages. English language.

It is shown that the Theory of Special Relativity is not a theory free of contradictions. Putting apart our ingenious idea about clocks in a point (infinitesimal clocks), it is proved there are contradictions deriving from the synchronism of clocks. Other contradictions refer to the concept of relativity of simultaneity. One of these contradictions is proved through the idea of idealized experience: a simultaneous emission of two photons. Simultaneity related to an inertial frame of reference (inertial system) considered in movement, but whose system in movement stops moving between the first and the second emissions with respect to the steadied system (stationary system), ending up the experience “beforehand”. Only one photon would have been emitted with respect to the system in movement, which would make our prior hypotheses contradictory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1225] viXra:1404.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-06 13:56:22

A Simultaneity in the Lorentz Transformation of the Time

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 5 Pages. English language.

Using the Lorentz Transformations between (x, y, z, t) and (X, Y, Z, T) and the fact that it is impossible to have clocks in a unique point (infinitesimal clocks), more exactly, the fact that time measured in a system does not depend on format, dimensions and internal mechanism of clocks and any periodical process adopted in measurement, it is proved the simultaneity of events E1, “Time measured at the stationary system (S) is t.” (Or “Clocks X1, X2, X3, …, Xn at rest at the stationary system indicate or set time t in this system”, i.e., no matter the position (x’, y, z) of measurement of time t in S, even to x’ <> x), and E2, “Time (or schedule, instant, time instant) measured at the moving system (S’), through a stationary clock at this system and at position (X, Y, Z), is given by T.”. Such simultaneity is related to the system considered stationary, of coordinates (x, y, z, t), as well as of the system considered in movement with respect to the first one, of coordinates (X, Y, Z, T). Of this simultaneity that is contained in the Lorentz Transformations of the time is easy to prove that is contradictory the definition of Synchronism of Clocks, used in the Special Relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1224] viXra:1404.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-06 14:10:58

A Contradiction on Lorentz’s Transformation of Time

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 3 Pages. English language.

Considering it is not possible to have infinitesimal clocks and based on the Lorentz’s Transformation between (x, y, z, t) and (X, Y, Z, T), it is proved there is a contradiction on Lorentz’s Transformation of Time used in the Theory of Special Relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1223] viXra:1404.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-06 09:29:14

Some Contradictions in Special Theory of Relativity

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 13 Pages. Portuguese language.

Is shown contradictions in special relativity theory related to the clocks synchronization, covariance of the equations of electromagnetism and time dilatation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1222] viXra:1404.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-06 10:48:22

Simultaneity, Time Relativistic and Galilean Transformations

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 19 Pages. Portuguese language.

It is shown that the special theory of relativity is not a theory free of contradictions, one of the contradictions related to the relativity of simultaneity. Another contradiction occurs when we calculate the speed of light relative to a moving reference frame by using the dilatation of the space and contraction of time, since it appears that the speed of light depends on the speed reference. Also shows that for low speeds, but large distances, the Lorentz transformation for time is not reduced to their respective transformation of Galileo, subject not explored in most science books, and even college.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1221] viXra:1404.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-06 08:47:33

The Deduction of the Lorentz Transformations in 1905

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 20 Pages. Portuguese language. Article originally published in the Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física, vol. 19, No. 3, September, 1997.

It is critically exposed the deduction of Lorentz transformations made ​​by Einstein in 1905. The Lorentz transformations are deduced following a similar method to that of Einstein.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1220] viXra:1404.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-06 05:05:55

New Solutions of the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkov Equation and of Kerr Space-Time with Matter and the Corresponding Star Models

Authors: Jan Helm
Comments: 34 Pages.

The Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkov (TOV) equation is solved with a new ansatz: the external boundary condition with mass M0 and radius R1 is dual to the internal boundary condition with density rbc and inner radius ri , the two boundary conditions yield the same result. The inner boundary condition is imposed with a density rbc and an inner radius ri, which is zero for the compact neutron stars, but non-zero for the shell-stars: stellar quasi-black-hole and galactic quasi-black-hole. Parametric solutions are calculated for neutron stars, stellar quasi-black-holes, galactic quasi-black-holes. From the results an M-R-relation and mass limits for these star models can be extracted. A new method is found for solving the Einstein equations for Kerr space-time with matter (extended Kerr space-time), i.e. rotating matter distribution in its own gravitational field. Then numerical solutions are calculated for several astrophysical models: white dwarf, neutron star, stellar quasi-black-hole, galactic quasi-black-hole. The results suggest that quasi-black-hole star models resemble the behaviour of abstract black holes, but have finite redshifts and escape velocity v<c and no singularity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1219] viXra:1404.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-02 04:05:21

Geodesic Equation in Spherical Surface

Authors: R Santosh Kumar
Comments: 7 Pages.

The notion of a geodesic line (also: geodesic) is a geometric concept which is a generalization of the concept of a straight line (or a segment of a straight line) in Euclidean geometry to spaces of a more general type. In this paper I have derived the geodesic equation for a 2 dimensional spherical surface following a local local minkowski frame with the minkowski metric localized .
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1218] viXra:1403.0979 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-31 18:17:46

Effects of Negative Inertia on Some Properties of the Universe

Authors: S.C. Gaudie
Comments: 3 pages; mostly font 11; A4 paper; UK English; Freelance scientist.

NEGATIVE ENERGY particles. From S. Hawking:- “Particle Creation of Black Holes" two quotes. “ Just outside the event horizon there will be virtual pairs of particles, one with negative energy and one with positive energy.” AND “It should be emphasized that these pictures of the mechanism responsible for the thermal emission and area decrease are heuristic only and should not be taken too literally" From a “standard physics point of view" the hypothetical NEGATIVE energy particle has, necessarily, other associated properties. # = breaks “standard physics point of view" laws. [A] Negative energy :: (1) # negative Kelvin temperature! [B] Negative mass :: (1) # negative mass, which cannot be anti-matter because it has positive mass! [C] Negative velocity (The space distance & time is self-referenced to the NEGATIVE energy particle.) [C1] Negative space :: (1) # negative space distance, where all “normal space" has positive space distances. [C2] Negative time :: (1) # negative time difference, where all “normal time" has positive time difference. I suppose that tacyons would fit into the [C] category, but I’m not aware of any observation confirming the existence of [A], [B] or [C]. Of course the “standard physics point of view" does not apply inside a black hole! Theoretically, nothing but tacyons could escape from a black hole! NEGATIVE INERTIA particles. I, somewhat cynically, posit a similar NON-“standard physics point of view" property of matter [impossible in my understanding of the laws of physics]:- NEGATIVE INERTIA particles. [BUT, it does have some predicted properties that are compatible with experimental observations!] Basic consequences [1] If a group of negative inertia “particles” were hit by another they would go flying off in all directions immediately. [Normal matter would tend to have a “stay in the same place" tendency.] [2] From the above, the negative inertia matter would not “clump together. [3] It would be spread evenly, like a gas, throughout the universe. [4] The negative inertia would also apply to how easy it is to add [or remove] angular momentum to [or from] a spinning body. Possible assumptions (A) & conclusions (C) [A1] It would be pushed away by photon pressure from stars & the accretion discs of galactic black holes much easier than normal matter. [C1] The inner parts of galaxies would be emptied of negative inertia matter. The outer reaches of galaxies would have the “I want to go faster” type of negative inertia and, hence move faster! [A2] Because the the negative inertia matter is so evenly and, hence “thinly” spread throughout the universe, its influence only becomes more noticeable as cosmic expansion increases. From our “newest time = greatest expansion", “localised viewpoint" of our universe we would see the greatest cosmic expansion around us. [C2] [The normal matter is “spread out thinner & thinner” with time and also the greatest effect of negative inertia, because the negative inertia matter is initially, spread out fairly evenly [like a gas.]. The “I want to go faster” type negative inertia matter could cause the increased expansion of the universe. It would have a “pushing apart”, “increased velocity” effect! [C3] The negative inertia matter could account for increased star rotation speeds on edges of galaxies and dark energy too. It’s an unexplored aspect of exotic matter! [C4] The negative inertia matter could be viewed as “dark matter” or “shadow matter”.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1217] viXra:1403.0978 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-31 21:51:21

Problem in the Relativistic Energy and Momentum Conservation

Authors: Shalender Singh, Vishnu Priya Singh Parmar
Comments: 20 Pages.

Lorentz transformations and special theory of relativity have existed for more than a century and mathematics related to them has been used and applied for innumerous times. Relativistic energy and relativistic momentum equations have been derived and proven to be conserved if energy/momentum transaction is seen from different frames of reference. The set of permissible inertial reference frame velocities from where the energy and momentum of a closed system of particles may be observed to be conserved forms a ball in the velocity vector space. In this paper we use the existing equations of special theory of relativity and Lorentz transformations and the mathematical structure of the observation velocity space to prove that the conservation of kinetic energy implies the conservation of momentum. We also prove that the conservation of momentum implies the conservation of kinetic energy. We further derive many more linearly independent conservation equations directly from the conservation of energy/ momentum. The derivation of the conservation of kinetic energy from the conservation of momentum implies that either potential energy has a momentum thus made of inertial particles or there cannot be a net conversion of potential energy to kinetic energy. Furthermore the existence of many equations lead to extremely strict form of transfers of energy and momentum. It highly restricts the set of states particles in any closed system can assume without changing the overall energy of the system. This has a strong impact on the particle mechanics and as an example we show that the relativistic explanation of the elastic collision of particles striking each other as used by Einstein in the 1934 two blackboard derivation of mass and energy is itself inconsistent and wrong.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1216] viXra:1403.0973 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-30 16:23:55

The Integral Energy-Momentum 4-Vector and Analysis of 4/3 Problem Based on the Pressure Field and Acceleration Field

Authors: Sergey G. Fedosin
Comments: 32 Pages.

As a result of integration of the equations of motion with regard to the pressure field and acceleration field the system’s integral energy-momentum 4-vector is found. It is shown that this vector in the covariant theory of gravitation must be equal to zero. This allows us to explain the 4/3 problem and the problem of neutrino energy in an ideal spherical supernova collapse. At the same time, in order to describe the system’s state, instead of the integral 4-vector we must use the four-momentum, which is derived from the Lagrangian. The described approach differs substantially from the results of the general theory of relativity, in which the integral 4-vector serves as the system’s four--momentum, and the stress-energy tensor of the gravitational field is replaced by the corresponding pseudotensor.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1215] viXra:1403.0966 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-28 18:21:30

Supplementary Notes to my Paper “The Theological Basis of Big Bang Cosmology and the Failure of General Relativity”

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 5 Pages.

These notes constitute a supplement to my paper ‘The Theological Basis of Big Bang Cosmology and the Failure of General Relativity’ and should therefore be read after that paper.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1214] viXra:1403.0961 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-28 10:23:00

Mach Principle Applied to Rotary Motion: Centrifugal Force in a Spinning Reference Frame as a Consequence of Gravitational Interaction with the Universe

Authors: Leonid Filippov
Comments: 41 Pages. in Russian

Lorentz transforms are derived and electrodynamic and optical effects of Special theory of relativity. A known formula for centrifugal force of inertia, which is a consequence of the emergence of gravitational interaction of the test body with all bodies of the Universe, is deduced. This corresponds to Mach’s principle, explaining the equivalence of inertial and gravitational masses.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1213] viXra:1403.0953 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-27 19:22:55

The Theological Basis of Big Bang Cosmology and the Failure of General Relativity

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 11 Pages. This paper appeared in WSPC - Proceedings THE PHYSICS OF REALITY: SPACE, TIME, MATTER, COSMOS, VIGIER VIII - BCS 2012

It is shown in this paper that the Big Bang Cosmology has its basis in theology, not in science, that it pertains to a Universe entirely filled by a single spherically symmetric continuous indivisible homogeneous body and therefore models nothing, that it violates the physical principles of General Relativity, that it violates the conservation of energy, and that General Relativity itself violates the usual conservation of energy and momentum and is therefore in conflict with experiment on a deep level, rendering Einstein’s conception of the physical Universe and the gravitational field invalid.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1212] viXra:1403.0949 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-27 12:34:23

Cosmos 2.0 - An Innovative Description of the Universe

Authors: Helmut Söllinger
Comments: 12 Pages.

The author's starting point is the axiom that the product of particle masses and the gravitational constant is constant and that the masses of the proton and the electron would increase while the gravitational constant would reduce over time. With this assumption, the author manages to explain the cosmic redshift without presupposing an expansion of the cosmos. He presents an underlying relation between the fundamental natural constants, the Hubble constant and the two particle masses, which would describe in quantitative terms not just the beginning, but also – and this is what is momentously new about this model – the end of the universe as we know it. Via a mathematical link, the temporal change in the gravitational constant and the particle masses is described in relation to the Hubble constant. In this context, attention must also be paid to the way in which the change of the electron mass affects the definition of the SI units for length and time. In addition, the author uses an analogy between magnetism and electricity in which the electron and the proton are considered as the two ends of an electrical dipole string. He develops a model for the elementary unit of the so-called dark matter through which the rotation characteristics of galaxies can be explained. On the basis of this assumed fundamental relation, the author quantifies the mass and length of the supposed elementary electrets, thus estimating the number of elementary electrets that should cross a typical galaxy. With his model, the author is the first to design a concrete and compact proposal for solving the greatest mysteries of cosmology.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1211] viXra:1403.0938 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-26 05:11:46

Space,time.light, and Grand Unified Theories(guts)

Authors: Wan-Chung Hu
Comments: 43 Pages.

This study is to describe the defintion of space, time, light, and development of grand unified theories. Space has its smallest unit. Time is actually the inverse of unit space oscillation. Light is electromagnetic wave as well as gravitational wave. Light frequency can decicide unit space oscillation. By linking Stefan's law to Larmor formula, we can get a grand unified theory including electric field, magnetic field, gravity field(acceleration), momentity field(spinity/impelity filed)(angular momentum/linear momentum) and heat/temperature field. This equation is also the equation for heat-light transformation. Yukawa field can replace the electromagnetic fields to explain strong and weak force. Thus, all force fields are united!
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1210] viXra:1403.0919 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-24 07:18:57

Unified Geometrodynamics: a Complementarity of Newton’s and Einstein’s Gravity

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 12 Pages. From 8th Vigier Symposium proceedings, "The Physics of Reality: Space, Time, Matter, Cosmos"

Newton claimed the influence of gravity is instantaneous; Einstein insisted no influence could propagate faster than the speed of light. Recent experiments to test the speed of gravity have been controversial and inconclusive on technical grounds. Considerable effort is currently expended in the search for a Quantum Gravity; but there is no a priori reason there should be one. We propose that is not the regime of integration which instead occurs in the arena of the Unified Field, UF; further that a completed model of Geometrodynamics inherently includes a Newton/Einstein duality which introduces shock effects in certain arenas. The unified theory predicts that there is no graviton of the usual phenomenal form (an artifact of the incompleteness of Gauge Theory, i.e. gauge theory is only an approximation suggesting new physics). A new Large Scale Additional Dimensional (LSXD) M-Theoretic topological charge alternative is presented. We also attempt to show how the Titius-Bode Law for solar and exoplanetary configurations appears to provide indicia of this multiverse gravitational model. Applications of the dual geometrodynamics formulation include an interpretation of quasar luminosity as the result of gravitational shock waves in a manner countering explanations of large redshift, Z in Big Bang cosmology putatively based on Doppler recession. Instead redshift occurs as the result of a periodic minute photon mass anisotropy caused by periodic coupling to a covariant polarized Dirac vacuum.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

Recent Replacements

[615] viXra:1404.0114 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-18 21:37:22

General Keplerian Dynamics (GKD) 2nd Edition: The Grand Unified Theory for Galactic Technology

Authors: Brent Jarvis
Comments: 13 Pages. Updated version.

This paper was written for the general public and it outlines the basics of General Keplerian Dynamics (GKD). GKD is a modern reformation of Nikola Tesla's dynamic theory of gravity (what can be gathered from his journals) and it is the only publically available GUT from which novel technology is currently being developed. Not only can GKD be proven experimentally [ctrl+click to open in a new tab], but it also has the power of prediction. If you have already visited our blog you can skip the introduction. This document gets updated periodically and the latest date of publication was on 04/18/14.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[614] viXra:1404.0114 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-18 00:22:30

General Keplerian Dynamics (GKD) 2nd Edition: The Grand Unified Theory for Galactic Technology

Authors: Brent Jarvis
Comments: 12 Pages. Updated version.

This paper was written for the general public and it outlines the basics of General Keplerian Dynamics (GKD). GKD was deduced from the work of Nikola Tesla and it is a Grand Unified Theory that can be proven experimentally [ctrl+click to open in a new tab]. We recommended that you visit our blog before reading this for a basic understanding of the gravitomagnetic force and volume dependent angular velocity (VDAV). This document gets updated periodically and the latest date of publication was on 04/18/14.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[613] viXra:1404.0114 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-14 14:07:00

Extraterrestrial Physics

Authors: Brent Jarvis
Comments: 12 Pages. Updated version.

This paper was written for the general public and it outlines the basics of General Keplerian Dynamics (GKD). GKD is a Grand Unified Theory that can be proven experimentally [ctrl+click to open in a new tab]. This document gets updated periodically. The latest date of publication was on 04/14/14.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[612] viXra:1404.0114 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-14 11:53:02

Extraterrestrial Physics

Authors: Brent Jarvis
Comments: 12 Pages. Updated version.

This paper was written for the general public and it outlines the basics of General Keplerian Dynamics (GKD). GKD is a Grand Unified Theory that can be proven experimentally via the Tajmar effect, the DePalma effect, the spin origin of the Earth's electric field, and the predicted outcomes of quantum teleportation effects, the “reverse” precession of Venus, the spin-dependent precession of atomic systems, and the polar frequency of stellar bodies. If you are an experimental physicist who would like to prove/disprove GKD, please visit the pending predictions section within the Proof/Predictions/Resources/Affiliates link on our homepage www.gkdtheory.com. This document gets updated periodically. The latest date of publication was on 04/13/14.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[611] viXra:1404.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-11 10:00:36

Relativity Without Lorentz Invariance Solves the Twin Paradox

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Twin Paradox is one of the most fascinating paradoxes in physics. In Special Relativity, the paradox arises due to the nonexistence of a preferred frame of reference, resulting in both twins observing that he or she is younger than the other twin. Nonetheless, it is commonly agreed that the "traveling" twin returns younger than the "staying" twin. The prevailing solution is obtained by deviating from the relativity principle and assuming that the "staying" twin's frame is preferred over the "traveling" twin's frame. Here I show that a relativity theory without the Lorentz Invariance Principle yields a commonsensical solution to the paradox, according to which the twins should age equally. The proposed solution is in full agreement with the essence of relativity, which prescribes the nonexistence of a preferred frame of reference.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[610] viXra:1404.0067 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-17 23:45:55

The Galactic Center

Authors: Kenneth Dalton
Comments: 5 Pages.

Many galaxies have a concentration of mass at their center, which has come to be known as a "black hole". In the model presented here, the mass is attributed to a neutral gas of electrons and positrons. It is found that electron degeneracy pressure supports the smaller masses against gravity. The larger masses are supported by ideal gas and radiation pressure. Physical properties are calculated for the range 450 to 45 billion solar masses.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[609] viXra:1403.0979 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-01 10:35:56

Effects of Negative Inertia on Some Properties of the Universe

Authors: S.C. Gaudie
Comments: 3 pages; A4 paper; portrait orientation; mostly font 11; UK English; Freelance scientist.

NEGATIVE ENERGY particles. From S. Hawking:- “Particle Creation of Black Holes" two quotes. “ Just outside the event horizon there will be virtual pairs of particles, one with negative energy and one with positive energy.” AND “It should be emphasized that these pictures of the mechanism responsible for the thermal emission and area decrease are heuristic only and should not be taken too literally" From a “standard physics point of view" the hypothetical NEGATIVE energy particle has, necessarily, other associated properties. # = breaks “standard physics point of view" laws. [A] Negative energy :: (1) # negative Kelvin temperature! [B] Negative mass :: (1) # negative mass, which cannot be anti-matter because it has positive mass! [C] Negative velocity (The space distance & time is self-referenced to the NEGATIVE energy particle.) [C1] Negative space :: (1) # negative space distance, where all “normal space" has positive space distances. [C2] Negative time :: (1) # negative time difference, where all “normal time" has positive time difference. I suppose that tacyons would fit into the [C] category, but I’m not aware of any observation confirming the existence of [A], [B] or [C]. Of course the “standard physics point of view" does not apply inside a black hole! Theoretically, nothing but tacyons could escape from a black hole! NEGATIVE INERTIA particles. I, somewhat cynically, posit a similar NON-“standard physics point of view" property of matter [impossible in my understanding of the laws of physics]:- NEGATIVE INERTIA particles. [BUT, it does have some predicted properties that are compatible with experimental observations!] Basic consequences [1] If a group of negative inertia “particles” were hit by another they would go flying off in all directions immediately. [Normal matter would tend to have a “stay in the same place" tendency.] [2] From the above, the negative inertia matter would not “clump together. [3] It would be spread evenly, like a gas, throughout the universe. [4] The negative inertia would also apply to how easy it is to add [or remove] angular momentum to [or from] a spinning body. Possible assumptions (A) & conclusions (C) [A1] It would be pushed away by photon pressure from stars & the accretion discs of galactic black holes much easier than normal matter. [C1] The inner parts of galaxies would be emptied of negative inertia matter. The outer reaches of galaxies would have the “I want to go faster” type of negative inertia and, hence move faster! [A2] Because the the negative inertia matter is so evenly and, hence “thinly” spread throughout the universe, its influence only becomes more noticeable as cosmic expansion increases. From our “newest time = greatest expansion", “localised viewpoint" of our universe we would see the greatest cosmic expansion around us. [C2] [The normal matter is “spread out thinner & thinner” with time and also the greatest effect of negative inertia, because the negative inertia matter is initially, spread out fairly evenly [like a gas.]. The “I want to go faster” type negative inertia matter could cause the increased expansion of the universe. It would have a “pushing apart”, “increased velocity” effect! [C3] The negative inertia matter could account for increased star rotation speeds on edges of galaxies and dark energy too. It’s an unexplored aspect of exotic matter! [C4] The negative inertia matter could be viewed as “dark matter” or “shadow matter”.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology