**Previous months:**

2007 - 0702(20) - 0703(4) - 0704(2) - 0706(1) - 0708(1) - 0709(1) - 0711(1) - 0712(2)

2008 - 0801(3) - 0802(1) - 0804(1) - 0805(1) - 0807(5) - 0810(2)

2009 - 0901(1) - 0902(3) - 0903(3) - 0907(7) - 0908(17) - 0909(28) - 0910(19) - 0911(13) - 0912(10)

2010 - 1001(3) - 1002(26) - 1003(26) - 1004(10) - 1005(10) - 1006(11) - 1007(9) - 1008(19) - 1009(9) - 1010(17) - 1011(23) - 1012(7)

2011 - 1101(36) - 1102(14) - 1103(35) - 1104(10) - 1105(4) - 1106(12) - 1107(15) - 1108(5) - 1109(12) - 1110(19) - 1111(23) - 1112(16)

2012 - 1201(37) - 1202(22) - 1203(18) - 1204(22) - 1205(22) - 1206(14) - 1207(16) - 1208(30) - 1209(17) - 1210(19) - 1211(17) - 1212(30)

2013 - 1301(33) - 1302(22) - 1303(42) - 1304(28) - 1305(24) - 1306(28) - 1307(21) - 1308(27) - 1309(21) - 1310(29) - 1311(21) - 1312(44)

2014 - 1401(35) - 1402(27) - 1403(32) - 1404(30) - 1405(38) - 1406(34) - 1407(45) - 1408(32) - 1409(25) - 1410(40) - 1411(30) - 1412(29)

2015 - 1501(39) - 1502(28) - 1503(25) - 1504(27) - 1505(29) - 1506(32) - 1507(24) - 1508(32) - 1509(41) - 1510(40) - 1511(51) - 1512(47)

2016 - 1601(32) - 1602(51) - 1603(42) - 1604(34) - 1605(33) - 1606(45) - 1607(21) - 1608(23)

Any replacements are listed further down

[2153] **viXra:1608.0300 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-23 20:38:53*

**Authors:** Seamus McCelt

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The light clock is wrong.

The apparatus (the clock) would just move away from the beam of light.

You would have to angle the light beam to make it hit the clock pads (mirrors) and that changes everything. i.e. the distance the light beam has to travel does NOT increase because of the moving
clock -- it is because you have to angle the beam.

You might need to think about it for a couple of months to realize everything. Good luck with your endeavors.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2152] **viXra:1608.0267 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-23 11:06:29*

**Authors:** Erik A. Cerwen

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Special and general relativity theories are critically evaluated regarding their contemporary role as a foundation for a cosmological world picture. It is argued that the rest frame, where all physical processes take place, is more important in this role than the various relativistic distortions of these processes seen by different remote observers. This idea was previously formulated quantitatively with numerical examples from the Bohr atom, quantum physics and astrophysical observations. The theory identifies an observer on one local spatial dimension via Lorentz transformations connected with a space-like separated perpendicular observer who is non-local and only measures time. It was shown that this geometrical construction, where each unit local length comes with a line increment, is relevant both to the atom and to the universe. For example, the Planck length obtained from the Bohr atom could be expressed in terms of the apparent local Hubble expansion rate and the latter substituted into the Schroedinger equation to yield a circular current surrounding a magnetic pole. The distant non-local observer sees the radius Lorentz-contracted at relativistic speeds ultimately so much as to be able to contribute dynamics to the local frame, which was exemplified numerically by the CMBR. Evidence was also presented indicating that the oscillating line increment is capable of contributing mass from vacuum via the resonance particles. Elaborating on the latter idea indicates energy contributions of around 80, 90 and 125 GeV embedded in a robustly defined geometrical framework that has relevance (and even precedence) also in classical physics. The apparent transition from one to several spatial dimensions is exemplified by reinterpreting Compton scattering. The emergence of additional spatial dimensions and tangible locality are also discussed in terms of the number pi which appears by applying the Wallis product to the 1-D universe. The presence of the number pi thus indicates the presence of local particles as further exemplified by the CMBR and Compton scattering. The mass of the 1-D universe is obtained by considering local as well as non-local contributions as prescribed on the basis of the geometry. This yields corrections to the ‘classical’ geometrised mass such that the universe’s baryon particle density visible on the local axis is close to its electron density. Several unrelated numerical approaches guided by the proposed geometry indicate that the particle density of a primordial universe is roughly 1/m^3 (1/m^2).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2151] **viXra:1608.0245 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-22 10:36:22*

**Authors:** Tamas Lajtner

**Comments:** 32 Pages.

There are more phenomena in quantum mechanics and in cosmology that we cannot imagine how they work. The four most known phenomena are the result of the double-slit experiment, the spooky action at a distance (the working method of the non-local correlation in quantum entanglement), how the tunneling works, and why the Universe accelerates. These phenomena cannot be explained in the system of the space-time model. We need a new model with a new axiom. Space-matter theory changes the axiom of space and time. Space waves. We can express spatial distances, time units and energy with space waves. Space is what the matter senses as space. Time is one characteristic of space waves. Using this new approach, we can solve our old mysteries.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2150] **viXra:1608.0225 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-20 10:51:22*

**Authors:** Pranoy Ghosh

**Comments:** Pages.

How would Newtonian formulation look, if he lived in modern era? This paper introduces definition of relativistic mass and force to derive Newtonian equations for motion from Special Theory of Relativity.
Although new mathematical definitions are introduced, conservation of energy and linear momentum are achieved. We now hold in our hands, equations from classical mechanics that obey Lorentz transforms. So Newtonian mechanics has overcome its limitation.
Calculus of several variables is the mathematical tool.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2149] **viXra:1608.0213 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-18 20:42:12*

**Authors:** Emiro Díez Saldarriaga

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Idioma español.

Nuevo enfoque de la famosa paradoja de los gemelos
en el espacio tiempo de Minkowski.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2148] **viXra:1608.0212 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-18 20:47:08*

**Authors:** Emiro Díez Saldarriaga

**Comments:** 10 Pages. Idioma español

La paradoja del tren y el túnel, explicando la imposibilidad de que exista simetría física en varios sistemas de referencia.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2147] **viXra:1608.0205 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-19 00:24:57*

**Authors:** Gabriel Sinbar, Yoav Weinstein, Eran Sinbar

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Assuming that during the “big bang” matter and anti-matter pair production and annihilation governed the first phase before the expansion and cool down of the universe, we would expect to find a universe consisting of both matter and anti-matter uniformly spread apart throughout space.
That is obviously not the case as we can observe today and we expect to find some new kind of anti-symmetry between matter and anti-matter.
In this paper we will show a paradox that leads to the conclusion that anti-matter must have "anti-gravity". Based on this conclusion we claim that matter and anti-matter preserve two new conservation laws: 1. Conservation of gravity, 2. Conservation of time.
Based on these new conservation laws we predict that anti-matter is uniformly spread, as anti-atoms or anti-elementary particles, throughout space and it’s one of the main reasons for space expansion.
We strongly believe that future tests on the influence of anti-matter on gravity and time will prove this theory.
.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2146] **viXra:1608.0199 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-19 00:47:14*

**Authors:** Gabriel Sinbar, Yoav Weinstein, Eran Sinbar

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In our previous paper [1] we show a paradox that leads to the conclusion that anti-
matter must have "anti-gravity". Based on this conclusion we claim that matter and
anti-matter preserve two new conservation laws: 1. Conservation of gravity, 2.
Conservation of time.
In this article, based on these new conservation laws, we claim that the number of all
matter particles in the universe must be equal exactly to the number of all antimatter
particles. Moreover, each matter particle must be entangled to a "partner" antimatter
particle since entanglement is the only mechanism that can synchronize between
matter and antimatter particles in order to preserve the new conservation laws mentioned
above.
This phenomena can be examined at the LHC and if proven to be correct it is another
proof that entanglement is truly a “spooky action at a distance” (EPR paradox) and
has nothing to do with hidden variables. It also opens the possibility that if anti matter
particles remain and exist from the "big bang" somewhere in the universe they are still
entangled to the matter particles although the drastic annihilation during the big bang.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2145] **viXra:1608.0198 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-19 00:53:27*

**Authors:** Gabriel Sinbar, Yoav Weinstein, Eran Sinbar

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In our previous paper [1] we show a paradox that leads to the conclusion that anti-
matter must have "anti-gravity". Based on this conclusion we claim that matter and
anti-matter preserve two new conservation laws: 1. Conservation of gravity,
2. Conservation of time.
In our previous paper [2] we show that based on the conservation of gravity and time,
we expect that when a pair of matter and anti-matter particles is produced from pure
energy (e.g. pair production from an energetic photon ), they are entangled through
gravity and time. This entanglement of time and gravity is not restricted to the
quantum rules, and it will be referred as "non-quantum entanglement through time".
In this article, based on the non-quantum entanglement through time, we claim that
we can exploit this non-quantum entanglement in order to communicate
instantaneously through large distances.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2144] **viXra:1608.0185 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-18 08:35:23*

**Authors:** Branislav Pavlovic

**Comments:** 338 Pages.

In this article I will present the main results of my scientific work . The title of my book is Gravitoelectromagnetism. I have developed my own theory of gravity, and I called it Gravitoelectromagnetism. According to my theory, an explanation of the dynamic effects is mainly based on formal analogy with electrodynamics. I will mention just a few experiments (effects) which I have explained from the standpoint of my theory: perihelion precession of Mercury, framedragging experiments (Gravity Probe B experiment), gravitational waves (Hulse–Taylor binary, detection of gravitational waves) and so on. Increase of astronomical unit has been analyzed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2143] **viXra:1608.0146 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-13 23:43:48*

**Authors:** Fredrick W. Cotton

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

The proposed modifications of the Einstein-Maxwell equations include: (1) the addition of a scalar term to the electromagnetic side of the equation rather than to the gravitational side, (2) the introduction of a 4-dimensional, nonlinear electromagnetic constitutive tensor and (3) the addition of curvature terms arising from the non-metric components of a general symmetric connection. The scalar term is defined by the condition that a spherically symmetric particle be force-free and mathematically well-behaved everywhere. The constitutive tensor introduces two auxiliary fields which describe the particle structure. The additional curvature terms couple both to particle solutions and to electromagnetic and gravitational wave solutions.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2142] **viXra:1608.0116 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-11 17:19:45*

**Authors:** Nikola Perkovic

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

This paper will present a new theory for what we call “Dark Energy” by explaining it as a form of kinetic energy. It will be presented within General Relativity where we will use new terms and explain them in detail. Some of the new terms that will be presented also fall under Quantum Mechanics. It will be explained in detail how and why dark energy comes to be and why it is now dominant in the Universe which will explain the observational evidence that has been attained on this subject and has so far been rather puzzling to scientists when it comes to the very nature of “Dark Energy”.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2141] **viXra:1608.0112 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-11 05:18:21*

**Authors:** Robert Spoljaric

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

At the close of the 19th century there were four fundamental theories of physics: Newtonian mechanics, Maxwell’s equations, statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. The 20th century added: special relativity, general relativity and quantum mechanics. Planck’s constant h is central in quantum mechanics and as a quantum of action is measured in units of energy (ergs) × time (seconds). As a four-dimensional constant in special relativity action is seen to be the same for all observers even if they disagree about the size of the energy and time components of that action. The use of a four-dimensional constant in the context of a three-dimensional or nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, however, is inconsistent and renders its ad hoc introduction in the various formalisms of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics chimerical. Using reason and a minimum of assumptions all the classical theories mentioned will be used for a final time to reveal the foundations of a new paradigm of physics. This paradigm is inevitable and shows the significance of h when consistently incorporated into general relativity via special relativity. What remains is the theory of Relativity. Historically speaking the advent of quantum mechanics in 1925 could have been avoided. This has already been discussed in [1] and [2] but will be clarified here.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2140] **viXra:1608.0110 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-11 02:02:37*

**Authors:** U.V.S. Seshavatharam, S.Lakshiminarayana

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Qualitatively and quantitatively, we review the basics of standard cosmology with respect to Planck scale, Mach’s principle, superluminal expansion speeds and superluminal rotation speeds. Important results to be noted are: 1) At H0=70 km/sec/Mpc, fitted current cosmic temperature is 2.721 K; 2) Estimated current cosmic radius is 90 billion light years and is 2 times the current observable cosmic radius; 3) Estimated current cosmic mass is 1.146E54 kg and is 8 times the current estimate; 4) Magnitude of the currently believed visible mass density is equal to the estimated current cosmic mass density; 5) Magnitude of the currently believed dark energy is equal to the magnitude of the estimated current cosmic rotational kinetic energy;

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2139] **viXra:1608.0056 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-05 07:50:34*

**Authors:** Bengt Månsson

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

As seen from a spaceship accelerating towards a star, the star approaches the ship at a speed that can exceed c, the speed of light in vacuum. For the particular case of constant acceleration with given final speed kc at the star this speed is calculated as a function of the ship's proper time and it is found that the upper bound of this speed is 1,5c. Some other cases are investigated including hyperbolic motion.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2138] **viXra:1608.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-04 16:28:21*

**Authors:** Elkin Igor Vladimirovich

**Comments:** 7 Pages. -

Annotation
Given the approximate form of interaction, which we consider as the gravitational interaction, but in fact it is small does the members in the formula of the electric interaction. And he showed that in addition to the square of the distance, the other depending on the distance not there (for small-scale universe of distances).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2137] **viXra:1608.0045 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-04 21:06:47*

**Authors:** Peter Bissonnet

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

This paper is prepared in order to point out to the reader, if the reader is not already so informed, of some glaring omissions and/or deficiencies in the original paper so titled. (1) the first omission lies in the fact that no clear cut indication was given of the source of the so called “mass velocity vector”. Originally, the idea was obtained from Bernoulli fluid flow theory, but, lately, the author has discovered that this idea can also be derived from a four dimensional covariant (or tensor) formulation of the Fokker-Planck equation, which describes the time development of a type of random/stochastic process called a Markoff process. (2) The second omission was a failure to give the equation for the Fermi constant in terms of the fundamental constants that were appropriate thereto. (3) The third omission involved giving only the value of the predicted mass that CERN should find as 1118 times the mass of the proton, without giving the Gev value as well. (4) The fourth omission consisted of a math error on page 20 of the original manuscript: the author failed to pick up the mathematical error. (5) The fifth omission is found on page 23 of the original manuscript, in which the author discusses the reason why photons do not travel at infinite speed. The example used there was not very enlightening, and the author realized it at the time. In order to make up for that omission, the author has devised a new example which, it is hoped, will make the inertial problem of the photon much clearer. (6) This is a grab bag of future research problems: which ones are real, imaginary, crazy, or insane?

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2136] **viXra:1608.0040 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-04 09:33:54*

**Authors:** Elkin Igor Vladimirovich

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Annotation
Given the approximate form of interaction, which we consider as the gravitational interaction, but in fact it is small does the members in the formula of the electric interaction. And he showed that in addition to the square of the distance, the other depending on the distance not there (for small-scale universe of distances).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2135] **viXra:1608.0021 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-01 17:11:12*

**Authors:** Bernardo Sotomayor Valdivia

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

In this monograph, digital signal processing (DSP) techniques are used together with the infophysical spacetime model (ISM) of Reality in order to find theoretical answers to the following questions: Why is the speed of light in a vacuum a constant? Why that particular speed and not any other? Is the speed of light a fundamental constant of Reality? Has it always been so? Can it change in the future?
The Nyquist-Shannon Sampling Theorem is used to determine the scales of the cosmic wavefunction in the motional and displacement domains, thus obtaining the spatial and temporal sampling relations of Reality. The results are then applied to obtain a list of theoretical implications that propose answers to the questions mentioned above and to other related questions.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2134] **viXra:1608.0016 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-02 02:04:48*

**Authors:** Ratikanta Das

**Comments:** 03 pages

Author’s previous article ‘A New Model of Physics’, appeared in the section ‘History and Philosophy of Physics’ of viXra.org open e-print archive, seems to be a controversial one as it opposes some established theories of traditional physics. But simultaneously it also supports some established theories and gives simple explanations for many puzzles of physics which must not be regarded as matter of coincidence or chance. Again author’s speculation is not final; some points of the model may require modification. But author strongly believes that this model, when developed into a full-fledged one, will be able to unveil the beauty of absolute truth of nature. In this article author compares the physics of this new model with that of traditional models, elaborating some points discussed in the previous article.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2133] **viXra:1608.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-08-01 06:38:55*

**Authors:** Edgars Alksnis

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Light and temperature independent biological clock has drivers (zeitgebers), which are different
for the twin, which stays on the Earth, and for other one, which flies away

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2132] **viXra:1607.0560 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-31 00:14:28*

**Authors:** Yuri Heymann

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The universe is characterized by large concentrations of energy contained in small, dense areas such as galaxies, which radiate energy towards the surrounding space. However, no current theory balances the loss of energy of galaxies, a requirement for a conservative universe. This study is an investigation of the physics nature might use to maintain the energy diﬀerential between its dense parts and the vacuum. We propose time contraction as a principle to maintain this energy diﬀerential. Time contraction has the following eﬀects: photons lose energy, while masses gain potential energy and lose kinetic energy. From the virial theorem, which applies to a system of bodies, we ﬁnd that the net energy resulting from the gain in potential energy and the loss in kinetic energy remains unchanged, meaning that the orbitals of stars in galaxies remain unaﬀected by time contraction. However, each object in a galaxy has an internal potential energy leading to a surplus of energy within the object. This internal energy surplus should balance with the energy radiated at the level of a galaxy. We illustrate this principle with a calculation of the energy balance of the Milky Way.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2131] **viXra:1607.0553 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-30 04:27:11*

**Authors:** 蒋春暄

**Comments:** 10 Pages. it is a very important paper

用时空环建立新时空理论

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2130] **viXra:1607.0537 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-29 06:14:35*

**Authors:** Chun-Xuan Jiang

**Comments:** 10 Pages. it is a very important paper

using space-time ring we establish the new space-time theory.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2129] **viXra:1607.0535 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-28 09:55:35*

**Authors:** A. Jaster

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

We take an idea of Mach and postulate an absolute frame of reference, i.e. there is a state of absolute rest and motions of inertial frames of reference relative to the absolute frame can be measured.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2128] **viXra:1607.0474 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-25 05:57:48*

Двигатель космолёта на эффекте гравитационного самоускорения

**Authors:** Putenikhin P.V.

**Comments:** 11 Pages. rus

The limited speed of propagation of gravitation leads to a relativistic effect of self-acceleration. The long object increases the speed of its movement without the application of external force to it, so-called, unsupported motion.

Считается, что для разгона космического корабля до больших, вплоть до субсветовых скоростей, необходимы значительные запасы топлива. Однако ограниченность скорости распространения гравитации приводит к возникновению релятивистского эффекта гравитационного самоускорения, когда протяженный объект увеличивает скорость своего движения без приложения к нему внешней силы, так называемое, безопорное движение. И напротив, гравитационное ускорение становится невозможным, если скорость распространения гравитации бесконечна.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2127] **viXra:1607.0449 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-24 11:51:24*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto

**Comments:** 140 Pages. This book is published in free pdf version only

I am a fan of The Matrix Trilogy movies. And this book is inspired in part by that movie. But not only that, I am also inspired by a book written by Chris Seay, with title: The Gospel Reloaded. It is full of new thought provoking ideas based on The Matrix.
The basic idea of this book is that it is possible to develop a new cosmology model inspired by Cosmic Christology. In other words, Christology is not a separate matter from science. From Christology as starting point, I began to develop various approaches based on wave physics, which I call: “fractal vibrating string.” Through this new cosmology model, I wish to offer a new path for dialogue between science and theology. Moreover, it offers a new and fresh approach to understand the bible in this modern age.
I sincerely hope that you will like this new path, as I like it very much.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2126] **viXra:1607.0424 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-22 15:26:31*

**Authors:** Randy Sorokowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The Gravitational Coupling Constant maybe a universal scaling factor.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2125] **viXra:1607.0364 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-18 16:48:12*

**Authors:** GNNMartin

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Explanations of the special theory of relativity usually start from an assumption that the speed of light is a constant for all observers, and use that to work out the Lorentz transform. I show that it is not necessary to make any assumption about the speed of light. This is useful because that assumption sometimes misleads people. If they have difficulty accepting the predictions of the special theory, they are tempted to doubt that the speed of light is always constant, and to conclude that we just haven’t tried hard enough to find the exceptions. And if we assume that the theory of relativity depends on the constancy of the speed of light, then it invites speculation about what would happen if the speed of light changed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1332] **viXra:1608.0213 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-08-20 07:24:09*

**Authors:** Emiro Díez Saldarriaga

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Nuevo enfoque de la famosa paradoja de los gemelos
en el espacio tiempo de Minkowski.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1331] **viXra:1608.0212 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-08-20 07:51:00*

**Authors:** Emiro Díez Saldarriaga

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

La paradoja del tren y el túnel, explicando la imposibilidad de que exista simetría física en varios sistemas de referencia.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1330] **viXra:1608.0149 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-08-22 16:29:34*

**Authors:** Mutasim A. Ahmed

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

Although relative motion, in the special theory of relativity, can have true and verifiable results, like generation of magnetic field by an electrostatic charge at rest, because an observer moving inertially can assume the state of rest while the charge is claimed by him to be moving with his same velocity in the opposite direction, but we ignored relative motion in the case of the rotation of Earth around its own axis, my aim is to find a “resultant inertial rotation”, (resulting from the curved path due to gravity, and the circular path of an observer due to rotation) out of the whole rotation, that is to claim that if the curvature of the observer's circular path is same as the curvature produced by gravity the motion will be perfectly inertial, otherwise there will be a resultant inertial motion, and for this “resultant inertial rotation” , an observer can assume the state of rest, while the whole observable Universe will be rotating relatively in the opposite direction, this relative Universal rotation will be displayed, in conformity with circular motion laws. I was able to find an equation to describe this type of rotation, and for very distant objects, where Earth's orbit around the Sun dwarfs to zero, so using this equation, and assuming that the secular aberration of light of distant cosmic objects, due to Sun's movement with its peculiar velocity, around the Galactic center, we assumed that aberration will allow us to observe a component of the tangential velocity due to this Universal rotation, along our line of sight.
It will be possible for us, to explain the Hubble phenomenon, and predict a blue-shift, on the other side of the sky, mostly behind the zone of avoidance, hence we predict two points one with maximum red-shift and the other opposite to it with maximum blue-shift, these two points will coincide with the CMB dipole, also we can show that the Hubble constant is not a constant and its value depends on the aberration angle, therefore we can prove that the great attractor, the Virgo in-fall, the CMB dipole, the dark energy, and the fingers of God theories and the likes are based on illusions, all the CMB anomalies detected by WMAP, and Planck spacecrafts, can be explained with ease, and the pioneer effect can also be explained, and the diurnal and annual variations of the effects can be accounted for naturally due to the dependence of the effect on the aberration angle, but in the case of the pioneer spacecrafts, we have to consider Earth's revolution around the Sun, as the aberration generator, as well as the daily Earth's rotation as the source of diurnal aberration, as we will show. Also it is possible (using this rotation) to find a universal mechanism, for magnetic field generation, which can be applied for all cosmic objects, from asteroids to magnetars and even galaxies, by simply assuming an excess in the positive charge, due to protons, over the negative one, in deep space, therefore we will have a solenoid mechanism for magnetic field generation, but we will give only the outlines so other investigators can develop it further.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1329] **viXra:1608.0149 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-08-18 07:33:36*

**Authors:** Mutasim A. Ahmed

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

Although relative motion, in the special theory of relativity, can have true and verifiable results, at least for a particular observer, but we ignored it in the case of the rotation of Earth around it's own axis, my aim is to find a “resultant inertial rotation”, (resulting from the curved path due to gravity, and the circular path of an observer due to rotation) out of the whole rotation, that is to claim that if the curvature of the observer's circular path is same as the curvature produced by gravity the motion will be perfectly inertial, otherwise there will be a resultant inertial motion, and for this “resultant inertial rotation” , an observer can assume the state of rest, while the whole observable Universe will be rotating relatively in the opposite direction, this relative Universal rotation will be displayed, in conformity with circular motion laws. I was able to find an equation to describe this type of rotation, and for very distant objects, where Earth's orbit around the Sun, dwarf's to zero, so using this equation, and assuming that the secular aberration of light of distant cosmic objects, due to Sun's movement with it's peculiar velocity, around the Galactic center, we assumed that aberration will allow us to observe a component of the tangential velocity due to this Universal rotation, along our line of sight.
Abstract It will be possible for us, to explain the Hubble phenomenon, and predict a blue-shift, on the other side of the sky, mostly behind the zone of avoidance, hence we predict two points one with maximum red-shift and the other opposite to it with maximum blue-shift, these two points will coincide with the CMB dipole, also we can show that the Hubble constant is not a constant and it's value depends on the aberration angle, therefore we can prove that the great attractor, the Virgo in-fall, the CMB dipole, the dark energy, and the fingers of God theories and the likes are based on illusions, all the CMB anomalies detected by WMAP, and Planck spacecrafts, can be explained with ease, and the pioneer effect can also be explained, and the diurnal and annual variations of the effects can be accounted for naturally due to the dependence of the effect on the aberration angle, but in the case of the pioneer spacecrafts, we have to consider Earth's revolution around the Sun, as the aberration generator, as well as the daily Earth's rotation as the source of diurnal aberration, as we will show. Also it is possible (using this rotation) to find a universal mechanism, for magnetic field generation, which can be applied for all cosmic objects, from asteroids to magnetars and even galaxies, by simply assuming an excess in the positive charge, due to protons, over the negative one, in deep space, therefore we will have a solenoid mechanism for magnetic field generation, but we will give only the outlines so other investigators can develop it further.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1328] **viXra:1608.0023 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-08-14 19:23:26*

**Authors:** Alfonso Leon Guillen Gomez

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

The General Relativity understands gravity like inertial movement of the free fall of the bodies in curved spacetime of Lorentz. The law of inertia of Newton would be particular case of the inertial movement of the bodies in the spacetime flat of Euclid. But, in the step, of the particular to the general, breaks the law of inertia of Galilei since recovers the rectilinear uniform movement but not the repose state, unless the bodies have undergone their union, although, the curved spacetime becomes flat and the curved
geodesies becomes straight lines. For General Relativity is a natural law, within of a
gravitational field, the uniform accelerated movement of the bodies, that leads to that a
geometric curvature puts out to the bodies of the repose state for animate them of the movement of free fallen. In this paper this error of General Relativity, like generalization of the law of inertia of Galilei, is examined and it is found that it is caused by suppression of mass and force
that allows conceiving acceleration like property of spacetime. This is a mathematical and non-ontological result. Indeed, mass and force are the fundament that the gravitational acceleration is a constant value for all the bodies, independently of the magnitude of mass but not of the mass and the gravitational force. The action of the gravity force, on inertial and gravitational masses of a body, produces mutual
cancellation during its free fallen. In addition, by means of the third law of Newton it
demonstrates that gravity is a force since weight is caused by gravity force.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1327] **viXra:1607.0560 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-08-02 12:31:20*

**Authors:** Yuri Heymann

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The universe is characterized by large concentrations of energy contained in small, dense areas such as galaxies, which radiate energy towards the surrounding space. However, no current theory balances the loss of energy of galaxies, a requirement for a conservative universe. This study is an investigation of the physics nature might use to maintain the energy diﬀerential between its dense parts and the vacuum. We propose time contraction as a principle to maintain this energy diﬀerential. Time contraction has the following eﬀects: photons lose energy, while masses gain potential energy and lose kinetic energy. From the virial theorem, which applies to a system of bodies, we ﬁnd that the net energy resulting from the gain in potential energy and the loss in kinetic energy remains unchanged, meaning that the orbitals of stars in galaxies remain unaﬀected by time contraction. However, each object in a galaxy has an internal potential energy leading to a surplus of energy within the object. This internal energy surplus should balance with the energy radiated at the level of a galaxy. We illustrate this principle with a calculation of the energy balance of the Milky Way.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1326] **viXra:1607.0449 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-08-02 10:30:02*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto

**Comments:** 166 Pages. This book is published in free pdf version only.

I am a fan of The Matrix Trilogy movies. And this book is inspired in part by that movie. But not only that, I am also inspired by a book written by Chris Seay, with title: The Gospel Reloaded. It is full of new thought provoking ideas based on The Matrix. The basic idea of this book is that it is possible to develop a new cosmology model inspired by Cosmic Christology. In other words, Christology is not a separate matter from science. From Christology as starting point, I began to develop various approaches based on wave physics, which I call: “fractal vibrating string.” Through this new cosmology model, I wish to offer a new path for dialogue between science and theology. Moreover, it offers a new and fresh approach to understand the bible in this modern age. I sincerely hope that you will like this new path, as I like it very much.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology