**Previous months:**

2007 - 0702(20) - 0703(4) - 0704(2) - 0706(1) - 0708(1) - 0709(1) - 0711(1) - 0712(2)

2008 - 0801(3) - 0802(1) - 0804(1) - 0805(1) - 0807(5) - 0810(2)

2009 - 0901(1) - 0902(3) - 0903(3) - 0907(7) - 0908(17) - 0909(28) - 0910(19) - 0911(13) - 0912(10)

2010 - 1001(3) - 1002(26) - 1003(26) - 1004(10) - 1005(10) - 1006(11) - 1007(9) - 1008(19) - 1009(9) - 1010(17) - 1011(23) - 1012(7)

2011 - 1101(36) - 1102(14) - 1103(35) - 1104(10) - 1105(4) - 1106(12) - 1107(15) - 1108(5) - 1109(12) - 1110(19) - 1111(23) - 1112(16)

2012 - 1201(37) - 1202(22) - 1203(18) - 1204(22) - 1205(22) - 1206(14) - 1207(16) - 1208(30) - 1209(17) - 1210(19) - 1211(17) - 1212(30)

2013 - 1301(33) - 1302(22) - 1303(42) - 1304(28) - 1305(24) - 1306(28) - 1307(21) - 1308(27) - 1309(21) - 1310(29) - 1311(21) - 1312(44)

2014 - 1401(35) - 1402(27) - 1403(32) - 1404(30) - 1405(38) - 1406(34) - 1407(45) - 1408(32) - 1409(25) - 1410(40) - 1411(30) - 1412(29)

2015 - 1501(39) - 1502(28) - 1503(25) - 1504(27) - 1505(29) - 1506(32) - 1507(24) - 1508(32) - 1509(41) - 1510(40) - 1511(51) - 1512(47)

2016 - 1601(32) - 1602(51) - 1603(43) - 1604(34) - 1605(33) - 1606(44) - 1607(17)

Any replacements are listed further down

[2129] **viXra:1607.0449 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-24 11:51:24*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto

**Comments:** 140 Pages. This book is published in free pdf version only

I am a fan of The Matrix Trilogy movies. And this book is inspired in part by that movie. But not only that, I am also inspired by a book written by Chris Seay, with title: The Gospel Reloaded. It is full of new thought provoking ideas based on The Matrix.
The basic idea of this book is that it is possible to develop a new cosmology model inspired by Cosmic Christology. In other words, Christology is not a separate matter from science. From Christology as starting point, I began to develop various approaches based on wave physics, which I call: “fractal vibrating string.” Through this new cosmology model, I wish to offer a new path for dialogue between science and theology. Moreover, it offers a new and fresh approach to understand the bible in this modern age.
I sincerely hope that you will like this new path, as I like it very much.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2128] **viXra:1607.0444 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-23 18:40:48*

**Authors:** Yuri Heymann

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Energy ﬂuxes and exchanges play a crucial role in the universe. The universe is characterized by large concentrations of energy contained in small, dense areas such as galaxies, which radiate energy towards the vacuum surrounding them. However, as of today, no theory can balance the energy deﬁcit of galaxies, which would be required for a conservative universe. This study is an investigation of the physics nature could use to maintain the energy segregation between its dense parts and the vacuum. Based on considerations of the gravitational redshift and mass-energy equivalence, we propose time contraction as a principle to maintain this segregation, in which photons lose energy and masses gain potential energy. We ﬁnd that the surplus of potential energy from this principle at the level of the Milky Way balances with the energy radiated. Lunar recession is a conﬁrmation of this principle.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2127] **viXra:1607.0424 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-22 15:26:31*

**Authors:** Randy Sorokowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The Gravitational Coupling Constant maybe a universal scaling factor.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2126] **viXra:1607.0364 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-18 16:48:12*

**Authors:** GNNMartin

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Explanations of the special theory of relativity usually start from an assumption that the speed of light is a constant for all observers, and use that to work out the Lorentz transform. I show that it is not necessary to make any assumption about the speed of light. This is useful because that assumption sometimes misleads people. If they have difficulty accepting the predictions of the special theory, they are tempted to doubt that the speed of light is always constant, and to conclude that we just haven’t tried hard enough to find the exceptions. And if we assume that the theory of relativity depends on the constancy of the speed of light, then it invites speculation about what would happen if the speed of light changed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2125] **viXra:1607.0155 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-13 02:40:15*

**Authors:** Omar Shabsigh, PhD

**Comments:** 31 Pages.

This article discusses the validity of Einstein’s relativity theory. All assumptions of Einstein and his mathematics (where it exists) will be reviewed. Experiments done to show the validity will be restudied then we shall show that special relativity is only theoretically correct under the constraints and conditions made by Einstein but has no practical or scientific value. We shall also show that general relativity is basically wrong and has no scientific foundation and no proof.
Therefore, all relativity theory of Einstein’s, can be righteously considered as a science fiction.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2124] **viXra:1607.0142 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-12 09:42:09*

**Authors:** Sangwha Yi

**Comments:** 4 Pages. Thank you for reading

In the general relativity theory, we discover new solution in gravity field by Einstein’s gravity field equation with cosmological constant term. We treats curvature tensor in new solution.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2123] **viXra:1607.0139 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-11 10:20:46*

**Authors:** Mutasim Abukashawwa

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

We propose here a totally new mechanism for thrust production, to explain the working of the two reactionless drives, namely the EmDrive invented by Roger Shawyer, and the Cannae drive invented by Guido Fetta, the explanation is based on a hypothesized directional change of center of mass due to the increase in mass of the dielectric resonator attached to one of the two ends of the drive, due to the increase in energy in the form of concentrated resonating microwave photons, which is in principle and according to special theory of relativity, is equivalent to a certain mass, using the famous mass energy relation, this energy is contained inside the dielectric and can be absorbed by the dielectric atoms, and be added to the internal energy of the dielectric and manifest as a kinetic energy.
We assumed that the combined effect of change of center of mass, and the conversion of the microwaves energy to kinetic energy is equivalent to effect produced by a genuine pull in the direction of of center mass change, exerted by an external real force, and by a continuous addition of microwaves to the dielectric resonator, the process will be repeated again and again, the system will be accelerating, and a true reactionless thrust will ensue, this thrust as we will show is in perfect agreement with the special theory of relativity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2122] **viXra:1607.0136 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-11 07:52:47*

**Authors:** Radwan M. Kassir

**Comments:** 6 pages

In this paper, it is established that Einstein’s interpretation of the Lorentz transformation in predicting the length contraction is based on invalid assumption with respect to the reference frame in which the simultaneity of events needs to be considered. It is shown that the correct assumption would lead, within the special relativity framework, to contradictory length expansion through the same Lorentz transformation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2121] **viXra:1607.0132 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-10 19:14:24*

**Authors:** Ihsan Raja Muda Nasution

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In this paper, we studies the universe.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2120] **viXra:1607.0118 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-10 08:52:39*

**Authors:** Nikola Perkovic

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

This paper will present a new theory for what we call “Dark Energy” by explaining it as a form of kinetic energy. It will be presented within General Relativity where we will use new terms and explain them in detail. Some of the new terms that will be presented also fall under Quantum Mechanics. It will be explained in detail how and why dark energy comes to be and why it is now dominant in the Universe which will explain the observational evidence that has been attained on this subject and has so far been rather puzzling to scientists when it comes to the very nature of “Dark Energy”.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2119] **viXra:1607.0116 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-10 10:20:53*

**Authors:** Radi I. Khrapko

**Comments:** 8 Pages. History of the submissions is presented

The well known calculation of the total mass-energy for the gravitation field of a liquid sphere plus the matter of this sphere, which uses the pseudo-tensor of gravitational energy and momentum, is mistaken. The correct calculation shows that the pseudo-tensor provides a positive contribution to the total mass-energy. So, the pseudo-tensor is pointless

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2118] **viXra:1607.0064 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-05 22:44:54*

**Authors:** George R. Briggs

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Abstract: My recent publication viXra 1606.0057 indicates that spiral galaxy ""Bars" signal a doubling of negative Z dark matter in the galaxy and this means the galactic occurrence of "mono-Z" particles, a dark matter type of weak material characterized by nothing to balance its momentum in the transverse plane of the detector.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2117] **viXra:1607.0052 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-05 08:39:20*

**Authors:** Todd Sicklinger

**Comments:** Pages.

In his book, “Einstein's Legacy”, Julian Schwinger explained that gravitational redshift is really the blue shift of the massive object that absorbs the photon. Photons do not change energy when moving in a gravity well, but massive objects do change their energy, size, speed, and mass when moving in a gravity well. Likewise velocity redshift can only be adjusted by adjusting the speed of the massive objects. If we extend this concept to galactic redshift and postulate that the apparent redshift of the photon is really a blue shift of the absorbing atom, then it implies that photon energies never change after a photon is emitted and it implies that all massive objects in the universe are getting smaller, getting a faster rate of time, and acquiring additional energy as a function of time. It is proposed that the universe can be modeled as a 4D elastic shell similar to a balloon, where the shell is comprised of energy density and where the surface forms our normal 3D coordinates. When the Universe contracts the galaxies and stars in the universe would contract in a manner similar to what they would if they were drawn on the balloon. This model indicates that the energy for contracting the objects in the Universe comes from the elasticity of space, which gets relaxed as the Universe contracts.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2116] **viXra:1607.0049 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-05 06:16:20*

**Authors:** Vadim N. Matvejev, Oleg V. Matvejev

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The article discusses the results of photographing using a stationary or moving at relativistic speed camera - obscura.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2115] **viXra:1607.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-04 16:34:41*

**Authors:** Brett A Collins

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Using the Time Dilation equation, Length Contraction equation and Mass Increase equation, all derived within Special Relativity. With a simple substitution I convert the time dilation equation to a Pythagorean equation showing the observed time consists of two time components and I convert the length contraction equation to a Pythagorean equation showing the total length of a moving object has two length components. These new forms of the time dilation and length contraction equations strongly indicate the presence of a new Time Dimension and a new Space Dimension. The additional Time dimension explains exactly what time dilation is and together with the Mass Increase equation I introduce the concept of a Newtonian velocity, which is an alternative velocity of a moving object. I propose the mass of the moving object does not change, because we are in fact measuring momentum with the wrong velocity. The additional Space dimension in fact means length
contraction does not occur because we are seeing the object at an angle within a four
dimensional space, which means it looks shorter when viewed in three space dimensions only. These changes mean Special relativity IS compatible with Quantum Gravity and Doubly-Special Relativity is not required.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2114] **viXra:1607.0032 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-03 09:21:34*

**Authors:** Tamas Lajtner

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Space waves. Mass (matter) changes the wavelengths of space waves. Gravity is the difference of wavelengths of space waves caused by masses. This definition of space-matter theory uncovers a new characteristic of gravity; gravity accelerates the Universe.
Note space-matter has been worked out to describe the force of thought. The new definition of gravity is a new and important additional result of space-matter theory.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2113] **viXra:1607.0030 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-03 03:51:59*

**Authors:** Yibing Qiu

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Abstract: put forward a new explanation of the essence of gravitational lens effect.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2112] **viXra:1606.0332 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-06-30 03:37:04*

**Authors:** Vadim N. Matvejev

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

This paper deals with the twin paradox within special relativity. The paper reveals the cause of paradoxical time dilation for an inertial stay-at-home twin, occurring, as believed by a non-inertial travelling twin, throughout his motion except for a short-time turn, though by the return of the travelling twin it is the stay-at-home twin who has aged more. This cause is the unconditional approach to the individual observer’s inherent state of rest. Certain kinematic solutions to the paradox are given without resorting to a non-inertial reference frame. The existence of such solutions is shown both in special relativity and in Lorentz ether theory.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2111] **viXra:1606.0316 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-06-29 01:43:16*

**Authors:** David L Berkahn

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Starting with acceleration, the Equivalence Principle is used to argue that the known law of
decreasing acceleration for high speed motion in the domain of low acceleration, produces the same
result in a weak gravitational field with subsequent implications for stronger fields.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2110] **viXra:1606.0312 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-06-28 08:54:37*

**Authors:** Peter Bissonnet

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Fluid Flow Mechanics deals with flows which move due to internal particle pressure and pressure gradients. This paper attempts to derive a roughly parallel although an entirely different concept of a relatively unknown mathematical and yet potential physical process which the author refers to simply as Field Flow Mechanics and which deals with pressure gradients of a field created by a macroscopic and as yet unknown ‘generator’. The development of Field Flow Mechanics finds a natural exposition in transportation of the ‘generator’ across, for example, interstellar distances, i.e. space travel. These fields are obviously not yet in existence, but if they were, they and their gradients would be presumed to be macroscopic variables. This paper tries to anticipate their existence by predicting what would happen if they were in existence and even to use dimensional analysis in order to get some kind of grip on the possible reality of such fields. The approach is to try and derive from a set of geometric assumptions a Lagrangian structure such that the Euler-Lagrange equations of motion can be invoked. In the course of attempting to derive a geometric Lagrangian structure, several surprising results occur such as the derivation of an antisymmetric tensor which finds a convenient interpretation as a new type of ‘electromagnetic’ field which yields a ‘magnetic’ monopole feature in addition to a rotational feature. This paper also attempts to show how Field Flow Mechanics admits a non-linear partial differential equation of the Hamilton-Jacobi type which allows velocities in excess of the speed of light while allowing a parametric time interval on the ‘generator’ to equate with the coordinate time interval of the source planet in order to make interstellar travel a viable process.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2109] **viXra:1606.0311 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-06-28 09:02:43*

**Authors:** Peter Bissonnet

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

The prevalent view today is that electron spin, for example, must be considered to be a quantum concept without detailed classical analogy. The author simply did not know if this proposition was true or false, and, subsequently, embarked upon a program (irregardless of whether the spin is quantized or not) to determine if the concept of ‘intrinsic spin’ (i.e. spin which is independent of a coordinate system) could be derived from ideas not considered Quantum Mechanical in nature. This paper is an inquiry into the origin of ‘intrinsic spin’, recognizing that ‘intrinsic spin’ is part of a much larger philosophical problem. This paper attempts to bridge an intellectual gap between two major philosophical issues. The first issue concerns the two major equations used in differential geometry to define a hypersurface, namely, the Gauss and Weingarten equations. Issue two concerns the two monolithic theories discovered in the twentieth century, namely, quantum mechanics and relativity, both of which are the embodiment of description of the hypersurface of the real physical universe. The question is whether or not there is a relationship between these issues from a geometrical point of view which bears on the origin of ‘intrinsic spin’. The answer is in the affirmative, but this answer opens the door to a whole range of other interesting concepts.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1314] **viXra:1607.0136 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-07-16 14:54:34*

**Authors:** Radwan M. Kassir

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In this paper, it is established that Einstein’s interpretation of the Lorentz transformation in predicting the length contraction is based on invalid assumption with respect to the reference frame in which the simultaneity of events needs to be considered. It is shown that the correct assumption would lead, within the special relativity framework, to contradictory length expansion through the same Lorentz transformation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1313] **viXra:1606.0319 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-07-23 16:55:29*

**Authors:** Gianluca Perniciano

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

A solution of general relativity is presented that describes an Alcubierre propulsion system in
which it is possible to travel at superluminal speed while reducing the energy density and energy by
an arbitrary value,and eliminating the event horizon, for superluminal motions,which would have
otherwise led to to explosion of the spaceship (instability of the warp bubble).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1312] **viXra:1606.0319 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-07-09 18:56:08*

**Authors:** Gianluca Perniciano

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

A solution of general relativity is presented that describes an Alcubierre propulsion system in
which it is possible to travel at superluminal speed while reducing the energy density and energy by
an arbitrary value, and eliminating the event horizon, for superluminal motions,which would have
otherwise led to to explosion of the spaceship (instability of the warp bubble).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1311] **viXra:1606.0319 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-07-06 18:59:32*

**Authors:** Gianluca Perniciano

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

A solution of general relativity is presented that describes an Alcubierre propulsion system in
which it is possible to travel at superluminal speed while reducing the energy density and energy by
an arbitrary value, and eliminating the event horizon, for superluminal motions,which would have
otherwise led to to explosion of the spaceship (instability of the warp bubble).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology