[31] **viXra:1208.0241 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-31 09:25:56*

**Authors:** A.N. Grigor'ev

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

It is demonstrated that the magnetic field surrounding a chain of uniformly moving charges does not constitute a sum of magnetic fields of single charges but is a result of interaction between a test charge and all chain charges. A single moving charge is not surrounded by any magnetic field. Electromagnetic radiation and inductive effect are considered with the assumption that there is no magnetic field at all. It is pointed out that the classical electrodynamics can be based on the electric field formula of the charge moving arbitrarily.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[30] **viXra:1208.0239 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-05-24 09:03:14*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

In this paper we show that it is possible to produce gravitational blueshift and redshift at laboratory scale by means of a device that can strongly intensify the local gravitational potential. Thus, by using this device, it is possible to generate electromagnetic radiation of any frequency, from ELF radiation (f < 10Hz) up to high energy gamma-rays. In this case, several uses, such as medical imaging, radiotherapy and radioisotope production for PET (positron emission tomography) scanning, could be realized. The device is smaller and less costly than conventional sources of gamma rays.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[29] **viXra:1208.0236 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-30 08:52:23*

**Authors:** Akindele O. Adekugbe Joseph

**Comments:** 29 Pages. An article in volume one of THE FUNDAMENTAL THEORY... monograph series on an evolving fundamental theory of physics on a many-world background, starting from a complete theory of relativity and gravitation in four-world.

Corresponding to the special theory of relativity/intrinsic special theory of relativity (SR/φSR) and the theory of gravitational relativity/intrinsic intrinsic theory of gravitational relativity (TGR/φTGR) on flat four-dimensional spacetime/flat two-dimensional intrinsic spacetime, and the metric theory of absolute intrinsic motion (φMAM) and the metric theory of absolute intrinsic gravity (φMAG) on curved ‘two-dimensional’ absolute intrinsic spacetime, at the second stage of evolutions of spacetime/intrinsic spacetime and parameters/intrinsic parameters in every gravitational field, there are unified SR/φSR and TGR/φTGR on flat four-dimensional spacetime/flat two-dimensional intrinsic spacetime, denoted by SR/φSR+TGR/φTGR, and unified φMAM and φMAG on curved ‘two-dimensional’ absolute intrinsic spacetime, denoted by φMAM+φMAG. These unified theories are accomplished in this article for two cases of, (i) a test particle is in motion at a large velocity relative to an observer at the neighborhood of one, two and several gravitational field sources, and (ii) a gravitational field source, such as a massive star or a neutron star, is in motion at a large velocity relative to an observer in a region of space that is devoid of the gravitational field of any other source. These entail essentially the incorporation of the velocity v of relative motion into the results of TGR and of absolute intrinsic dynamical speed φVd of absolute intrinsic motion into the absolute intrinsic metric tensor φgik of φMAG, developed in the previous articles for the two situations. It is shown that the existing special theory of relativity, referred to as Lorentz-Einstein-Minkowski special relativity (LEM) in this article, is valid strictly for the relative motion of the electron or its anti-particle.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[28] **viXra:1208.0232 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-29 01:32:26*

**Authors:** Roger A. Rydin, Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 12 Pages. This paper was written on 8 October, 2009.

Recall that Einstein's fiendishly complex equations of gravity can be solved exactly only if we
assume that the Universe on the large-scale is homogeneous - that is, it looks the same from
every place. This assumption, enshrined in the Cosmological Principle, leads to the
Friedman-Robertson-Walker solutions: the Big Bang models. Abandon that assumption and everything we
thought we knew about the Universe gets jettisoned, as New Scientist has pointed out (21 August
1999, p 22).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[27] **viXra:1208.0231 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-29 05:54:02*

**Authors:** Steffen Kühn

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

This study discusses a new, unusual but simple explanation for the constant speed of light, some relativistic effects and magnetic force. The starting point of the discussion is a single, plausible postulate which links the principle of relativity with a constant speed of light for all inertial observers without space and time assumptions. The postulate makes it possible to further explain the effect of time dilation, relativistic Doppler effect and Lorentz force. This study also shows that the concept leads almost, but not exactly to the special theory of relativity. It is surprising that this approach has not been discussed to date. Because of its high interpretive power, the conclusion is that the hypothesis remains completely unexplored.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[26] **viXra:1208.0229 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-29 00:56:32*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Published: Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences.Vol.24E(No.2)2005:P.267-273

The relativists have not understood the geometry of Einstein’s gravitational field. They have failed to realise that the geometrical structure of spacetime manifests in the geometrical relations between the components of the metric tensor. Consequently, they have foisted upon spacetime quantities and geometrical relations which do not belong to it, producing thereby, grotesque objects, not due to Nature, but instead, to faulty thinking. The correct geometry and its consequences are described herein.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[25] **viXra:1208.0228 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-29 01:00:24*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

On the 18th July 2012 Weintroub et al. reported the alleged discovery of a supermassive black hole in the bright Quasar 3C 279 in the following online article ‘APEX takes part in sharpest observation ever’ 18-Jul-2012, (http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-07/e-atp071612.php). On the 19th July 2012 this Open Letter was forwarded to the scientists who jointly reported this. It explains, in very simple physical terms, why it is impossible for there to be a black hole in Quasar 3C 279.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[24] **viXra:1208.0227 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-28 07:10:24*

**Authors:** Akindele O. Adekugbe Joseph

**Comments:** 42 Pages. An article in volume one of THE FUNDAMENTAL THEORY...monograph series on an evolving fundamental theory of physics with a complete theory of relativity and gravitation in four-world as its foundation.

The two-theory approach to gravitation at the second stage of evolutions of spacetime/intrinsic spacetime and parameters/intrinsic parameters in a gravitational field of arbitrary strength, comprising of the theory of gravitational relativity/intrinsic theory of gravitational relativity (TGR/øTGR) on flat spacetime/flat intrinsic spacetime and the metric theory of absolute intrinsic gravity (øMAG) on curved absolute intrinsic spacetime, isolated at the neighborhood of one gravitational field source in the earlier articles, is advanced to the situations where two, three and several gravitational field sources are scattered in the Euclidean 3-space about a location where the theories are formulated. Gravitational time dilation, gravitational length contraction and assemblage of parameter transformations in the context of TGR, are extended to the neighborhood of several gravitational field sources. Extension of TGR to the situation where a number N of gravitational field sources are interacting (the N-body problem), is accomplished for N=2 and N=3 and shown to admit of straight forward extension to larger values of N, except that it becomes increasingly cumbersome as N increases beyond 4. On the other hand, øMAG admits of easy and straight forward extension to the N-body problem for any value of N. Einstein's principle of equivalence is validated in the context of TGR at the neighborhood of any number of gravitational field sources, from which its universal validity follows.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[23] **viXra:1208.0221 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-05-22 05:01:19*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

We show that it is possible to produce gravitational lenses at laboratory scale by means of a toroidal device which strongly intensifies the radial gravitational acceleration at its nucleus, and can make the acceleration repulsive besides attractive. This means that a light flux through the toroid can become convergent or divergent from its central axis. These lenses are similar to optical lenses and can be very useful for telescopes, microscopes, and for the concentration of solar light in order to convert solar energy into thermal energy.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[22] **viXra:1208.0214 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-23 11:05:52*

**Authors:** sangwha Yi

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In the special relativity theory, in the 2-Dimension inertial coordinate system, study the twin transformations of the light wave’s the frequency and the wavelength .

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[21] **viXra:1208.0211 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-22 09:51:13*

**Authors:** Joseph A. O. A.

**Comments:** 40 Pages. An article in volume one of The Fundamental Theory Monograph series on an evolvig fundamental theory by the author.

Two experimentally verifiable implications of the expressions for mass of a test particle and gravitational potential on flat spacetime in a gravitational field of arbitrary strength, in the context of the theory of gravitational relativity (TGR) are derived. The first is the existing expression for the shift in perihelion per revolution of a planet round an assumed spherical Sun, derived until now on a proposed curved spacetime in a gravitational field in the context of the general theory of relativity (GR), with excellent observational support in the case of the planet mercury, which is re-derived in a more compact and more straight forward manner on flat spacetime in the context of TGR. The second is a set of new (hybrid) forces of nature namely, gravi-electric, gravi-magnetic and laser-anti-gravitational forces, which arise when a capacitor (with electric field of extremely large strength between its plates), an electromagnet (with magnetic field of extremely large strength between its pole pieces) and a sphere containing very high energy radial laser beams respectively, each of which is safely enclosed in a box, falls freely towards a gravitational field source on flat spacetime in the context of TGR. Each of these forces is repulsive and opposes the gravitational attraction on a body towards a gravitational field source. While the applications of the gravi-electric and gravi-magnetic forces in achieving anti-gravitational thrust lack any prospect, there is a good promise for the use of the laser-anti-gravitational force to control the weight (or effectively the inertia) of a body (without engine power or any other aid) in the gravitational field of the earth or a host planet.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[20] **viXra:1208.0206 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-21 14:07:33*

**Authors:** sangwha Yi

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In the special relativity theory, in the 2-Dimension inertial coordinate system, study the transformation of the matter wave’s the frequency and the wavelength .

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[19] **viXra:1208.0205 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-21 14:15:44*

**Authors:** sangwha Yi

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In the special relativity theory, the acceleration about the accelerated matter that has the initial velocity in 2-Dimension inertial coordinate system and the other acceleration about the accelerated matter that has not the initial velocity in 2-Dimension inertial coordinate system are same. Therefore using it, derive the moving formula and the transformation about the matter wave

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[18] **viXra:1208.0202 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-20 12:33:59*

**Authors:** Daniele Sasso

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

We discuss the Electromagnetic Theory in some main respects and specifically with relation to the question of Relativity. Let us consider the Maxwell equations for the representation of the electromagnetic field and the Lorentz force for the description of the motion of a particle in a field of magnetic induction. The Lorentz force is also useful for describing the behavior of the electromagnetic field in presence of cut flux, that is the physical situation which happens with respect to interactive moving reference systems. We examine at last physics of the electromagnetic nanofield which is essential for the definition of the behaviour of single energy quanta that compose the energy radiation. Let us have to accept that physics and science have an insurmountable limit and that they can give an answer to all possible questions except the first and the last. Those who want to give an answer to these two questions have to leave physics and science with their method and to go into the the order of philosophy or of religion.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:1208.0144 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-18 19:39:31*

**Authors:** Yingtao Yang

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

The theory of electrodynamic space-time relativity is the study of the transformation of time and space between two electrodynamic inertial reference frames, which have both inertial velocity difference and electric potential difference. It is a fundamental theory of theoretic physics based on the Einstein’s special theory of relativity and the high-precision experimental facts of the inversion proportional square law of Coulomb’s force. It founded new physical space-time concepts, for example, that our space-time is five-dimensional which is composed of quaternion space, and time. It also proposed some new basic concepts of physics, such as electric potential limit, quaternion electric potential and etc., revealing the inherent relationships between electric potential-velocity and time-space. This paper discusses in detail the process of establishing the theory of complex variable electrodynamic space-time relativity and theory of quaternion electrodynamic space-time relativity as well as their various conversions and transformations. This is one of the basic theories among author’s other series of related papers.
Keyword: theory of electrodynamic space-time relativity; theory of complex electrodynamic space-time relativity; theory of quaternion electrodynamic space-time relativity; theory of electric potential relativity; special theory of relativity; electric potential limit; complex velocity; complex electric potential; quaternion velocity; quaternion electric potential; quaternion; five-dimensional space-time

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[16] **viXra:1208.0143 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-18 20:20:52*

**Authors:** Glenn A. Baxter

**Comments:** Five pages

The physical nature of the speed of light is discussed and the so called “Relativity Principle” is defined and discussed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:1208.0077 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-18 02:07:53*

**Authors:** Jonathan Tooker

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Dark Energy is yet to be predicted by any model that stands out in its simplicity as an obvious
choice for unified investigative effort. It is widely accepted that a new paradigm is needed to unify the
standard cosmological model (SCM) and the minimal standard model (MSM). The purpose of this
article is to construct a modified cosmological model (MCM) that predicts dark energy and contains
this unity. Following the program of Penrose, geometry rather than differential equations will be
the mathematical tool. Analytical methods from loop quantum cosmology (LQC) are examined
in the context of the Poincar´e conjecture. The longstanding problem of an external time with
which to evolve quantum gravity is resolved. The supernovae and WMAP data are reexamined in
this framework. No exotic particles or changes to General Relativity are introduced. The MCM
predicts dark energy even in its Newtonian limit while preserving all observational results. In its
General Relativistic limit, the MCM describes dark energy as an inverse radial spaghettification
process. Observable predictions for the MCM are offered. AdS/CFT correspondence is discussed.
The MCM is the 10 dimensional union of de Sitter and anti-de Sitter space and has M-theoretical
application to the five string theories which lack a unifying conceptual component. This component
unifies gravitation and electromagnetism.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:1208.0075 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-18 03:35:00*

**Authors:** Miroslav Sukenik, Jozef Sima

**Comments:** 4 Pages. No comment

There is a paradigm stating that gravitational field is of non-localizable and stationary nature. Contrary, in our model of nondecelerative Universe it is hypothesized that gravitational field is always localizable and nonstationary. This assumption allows localizing its energy density.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1208.0067 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-09-06 05:01:33*

**Authors:** V. V. Demjanov

**Comments:** 14 Pages. English and Russian

Once again raises the question of the existence of two concepts of the theory of relativity and the correctness of that which is best confirmed by experiments. The first of these, aether-dinamic theory of relativity (ADTR), been formed during the period of 1880-1904 years the due to efforts of Lorentz and Poincare, on basis Maxwell's theory. In ADTR all the tangible manifestation and of attitude originate in the aether. In case of refusal to from aether, there is lost for ever the possibility to understand the mechanism of transverse polariza-tion and transferring waves light through aether, that hindered the search of methods to detect the absolute motion of inertial objects with respect to the "stationary" aether.
The second (the concept of SRT, 1905), is a "ADTR without aether" since it is postulated in an unobservability of absolute motion, and the "relativism ADTR" in SRT is reduced to kinematics of moving pairs of objects in the "empty space". Conjecture by Maxwell (1877) about the existence of anisotropy of velocity (c) of light in aether, that is filled with particles translational moving together with the Earth, more than 100 years casts doubt on the legitimacy of the failure from the aether. Systematic ob-servations of non-zero effects of the 2^{nd}-order of υ/c reveal the anisotropy of the speed of light. I am directly received the experimental proof of the observability of the effects of 2^{nd}-order only in the "mix" of particles with aether (1968). Their magnitude turned out proportional to the po-larization contribution to Δε particles to the total permeability of the medium ε=1.+Δε. The necessity of the appealing to aether (εaether=1.!?) in experiments of Michelson creates the experimental fact of coercing SRT to return to the conception ADTR.
As for the test of SRT, "of the relativistic practice" (this is: non-Galilean a Lorentz invariance of the mathematical forms laws; the relativistic velocity addition rule; the transverse Doppler effect of the order υ^{2}/c^{2}; concept of mc^{2}; relativistic Hamiltonian, which managing by mass particle accelerators; relativistic electrodynamics, and much more), that all this were born either on base ideas ADTR, which appeared before 1904, or achieved by the collective mind "relativists of SRT" of the 20^{th} century, whom aether did not impede but rather helped.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1208.0062 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-15 02:55:38*

**Authors:** Emil Gigov

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In the Theory of relativity there are fundamental internal contradictions. The most direct of them is, between the two sides of one unequal equation, intended to transform time. These contradictions prove, that this theory is absolutely wrong.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1208.0060 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-08-28 14:51:49*

**Authors:** Richard A. Peters

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

Conjecture on Coupling Constants and the Fields of Space
Abstract
Two fields of space are introduced: a temporal field that supports the propagation of photons and an inertial field that is involved in the inertial reaction of matter particles. Arguments are advanced to support the assertion that both the temporal and inertial fields are subject to gravity and, hence, the fields comprise a single temporal-inertial (TI) field. Coupling among the TI field, matter particles and gravity affects measures of inertia, mass and the gravitational constant. The coupling of a matter particle with the TI field is a measure of the inertial mass of that particle. Acceleration of a matter particle with respect to the TI field produces the inertial reaction force. It follows that 1) acceleration of particles of the TI field by gravity transmits the gravitational force to matter particles that then move with the same acceleration and 2) matter particles are not directly subject to the gravitational force. The TI field supports the propagation of light that moves at the velocity c relative to the field. A third field, the static field is not subject to gravity, but is coupled with the TI field and counteracts the acceleration of particles of the TI field in their response to gravity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1208.0058 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-13 23:15:22*

**Authors:** Kenneth Dalton

**Comments:** 11 Pages. Journal Ref: Hadronic J. 35(2), 209-220 (2012)

The proposed theory of gravitation is summarized, with
a focus on dynamics. The linearized field equations
are applied to gravitational waves. The theory predicts
that longitudinal waves would be detected, which exert a
force in the direction of propagation. It also explains the
failure at LIGO and elsewhere to find transverse gravitational waves.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1208.0057 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-13 12:47:23*

**Authors:** Dimitar Valev

**Comments:** 12 pages

Three mass dimension quantities have been derived by dimensional analysis by means of fundamental constants – the speed of light in vacuum (c), the gravitational constant (G), the Planck constant (h_bar) and the Hubble constant (H). The extremely small mass m1 ~ (h_bar*H)/c^2 ~ 10^(-33) eV has been identified with the Hubble mass mH, which seems close to the graviton mass mG. The enormous mass m2 ~ c^3/(G*H) ~ 10^53 kg is close to the mass of the Hubble sphere and practically coincides with the Hoyle-Carvalho formula for the mass of the observable universe. The third mass m3 ~ [(H*h_bar^3)/G^2]^(1/5) ~ 10^7 GeV could not be unambiguously identified at present time. Besides, it has been found remarkable fact that the Planck mass mPl ~ Sqrt [(h_bar*c)/G] appears geometric mean of the extreme masses m1 and m2. Finally, the substantial large number N = Sqrt [c^5/(2*G*h_bar*H^2) ≈ 5.73×10^60 has been derived relating cosmological parameters (mass, density, age and size of the observable universe) and fundamental microscopic properties of the matter (Planck units and Hubble mass). Thus, a precise formulation and proof of Large Numbers Hypothesis (LNH) has been found.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1208.0052 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-01-05 14:30:48*

**Authors:** Silas Sacheli Santos

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

Using Newtonian Physics we can explain some relativistics experiments like mass variation, time dilation, Michelson Morley, transverse Doppler effect, relation mass-energy, etc.
In some explanations the mathematical equations is of initial level using numeric calculations and some approches and we have a medium agreement. So, we need to continue the development for the complete equations and verify if a better agreement exists.
So, Newtonian Physics needs more research before being considered without validity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1208.0046 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-10 07:26:08*

**Authors:** Lello Boscoverde

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Recent work in Eddingtonian cosmology has demonstrated the relation of the visible mass of the universe to the spacial extent of the pions. Building on this finding, we find the masses of the pions themselves are dependent on the age of the universe.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1208.0044 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-01-13 00:53:01*

**Authors:** Serge Mijatovic

**Comments:** 14 Pages. I accidentally submited change for this, I meant replacement. I am sorry. This is what I inteded.

What would the Universe look like if information processing was at its very core? What is the most
likely and optimum way of this information use? This paper explores a fundamental scenario of a possible
connection between information and physics. Since the approach taken is antecedent to first principles of
physics, we will rely only on axiomatic notions of information use, and deliberately ignore the body of physics
to avoid conclusions isomorphic to it. Essential relativistic, gravitational and quantum phenomena are derived
as limiting cases, including time dilation effect of Einstein’s relativity theories as a special limiting case.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1208.0034 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-09 10:19:22*

**Authors:** Richard J. Benish

**Comments:** 5 Pages. Free, properly attributed, unaltered distribution is encouraged

How much do we really know about gravity? Though our knowledge is sufficient to send people to the Moon, there is a large and fundamental gap in our empirical data; and there are basic questions about gravity that are rarely even asked, and so remain unanswered. The gap concerns the falling of test objects near the centers of larger gravitating bodies. Newton's theory of gravity and Einstein's theory, General Relativity, though giving essentially the same answers, describe the problem quite differently. A discussion of this difference--which emphasizes the role of *clock rates* in Einstein's theory--evokes a question concerning the most basic characteristic of any theory of gravity: Is the motion due to gravity primarily downward or upward; i.e., inward or outward? Have our accepted theories of gravity determined this direction correctly? The answer to this question may seem obvious. We will find, however, that we don't really know. And most importantly, it is emphasized that we can get an unequivocal answer by performing a relatively simple laboratory experiment.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1208.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-05 18:41:53*

**Authors:** Azzam AlMosallami

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

In this paper, I’ll give an interpretation for the Lorentz transformation equations depending on my Modified Special Relativity Theory MSRT [23]. My interpretation illustrates, the Lorentz factor is equivalent to the refractive index in optics. Also, according to my MSRT, it is possible measuring speeds of particles or electromagnetic waves to be greater than light speed in vacuum, but in this case, there is no violation for the Lorentz transformation or causality, and thus it is keeping on the laws of physics to be the same in all inertial frames of reference. From that I refute the proposed claim by Cohen and Glashow in their paper [33] refuting the OPERA experiment, depending on the analogy of Cherenkov radiation, where this proposed claim is based on a wrong concept to the superluminal speeds, and this wrong concept is based on a flaw that is existed in the special relativity theory of Einstein.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1208.0017 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-05 21:04:22*

**Authors:** sangwha Yi

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In the general relativity theory, using Einstein’s gravity field equation, find the solution of the orbit motion in the general relativity theory. Therefore the solution has the angular velocity. According to the solution, the matter rotates in the gravity force.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1208.0004 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-02 06:18:42*

**Authors:** Jan Jaskowiec

**Comments:** 22 pages

In this paper a deep study of Lorentz transformation is performed.
A case example is analyzed, where few observers located in different
places observe a fast moving object.
On the basis of that some relations are derived and general conclusions
formulated. Then a graphical interpretation of Lorentz transformation is
proposed and a analysis of the transformation when the velocity is changing.
In order to make the analysis simpler only 1D movement is taking into account.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1208.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-02 04:42:15*

**Authors:** Javier Bootello

**Comments:** 10 Pages. Comments are welcome

The relativistic precession of Mercury -43.1 seconds of arc per century-, is the result of a secular addition of 5.02 x10-7 rad. at the end of every orbit around the Sun. The question that arises in this paper, is to analyse the angular precession at each single point of the elliptic orbit and determine its magnitude and oscillation around the mean value, comparing key theoretical proposals. Underline also that, this astronomical determination has not been yet achieved, so it is considered that MESSENGER spacecraft, now orbiting the planet, should provide an opportunity to perform it. That event will clarify highlight issues, now that we are close to reach the centenary of the formulation and first success of General Relativity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology