[28] **viXra:1705.0386 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-26 07:54:04*

**Authors:** Robert D. Bock

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

When confronted with the challenge of defining distant simultaneity Einstein looked down two roads that seemingly diverged. One road led to a theory based on backward null cone simultaneity and the other road led to a theory based on standard simultaneity. He felt that alone he could not travel both. After careful consideration he looked down the former and then took the latter. Sadly, years hence, he did not return to the first. In the following we investigate Einstein's road not taken, i.e., the road that leads to a theory based on backward null cone simultaneity. We show that both roads must be traveled to develop a consistent quantum theory of gravity and also to understand the relationship between the gravitational and electromagnetic fields.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[27] **viXra:1705.0383 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-26 09:55:01*

**Authors:** Ricardo Gil

**Comments:** 3 Pages. When seconds count, Artificial Intelligence on faster hardware makes the difference. Like High Frequency Trading Algorithms on Wall Street.

AI is like a brain with no conscience. It rules itself unbridled. You shouldn’t try set parameters on AI because that will stifle innovation. What you have to do is like a High Frequency Trade on Wall Street. It’s all about speed. The fastest algorithm wins. So purposely don’t allow the public to have faster chips than the Government to the public. Give the Government the advantage by giving the government faster chip >THZ with many cores. Give the public AI but at GHZ or <. See Retro Causal Machine Learning below. Its use, should make sense now. Give it to GOOGLE or any company that aligns itself to look out for American Interests. In short one can look towards Wall Street, fastest algorithm wins in High Frequency Trade, so control chip speed for the masses Ghz or < and run Government AI Programs on fastest chip to win against all other AI to prevent the AI Apocalypse.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[26] **viXra:1705.0376 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-25 17:15:36*

**Authors:** Ramzi suleiman

**Comments:** 5 Pages. -

It is believed that the Sagnac effect does not contradict Special Relativity theory because it is manifest in non-inertial rotational motion; therefore, it should be treated in the framework of General Relativity theory. However, several well-designed studies have convincingly shown that a Sagnac Effect identical to the one manifest in rotational uniform motion is also manifest in transverse uniform motion. This result should have been sufficient to falsify Special Relativity theory. In the present article, we offer theoretical support to the experimental results by elucidating the notion that the dynamics of transverse and rotational types of motion are completely equivalent. Since the transverse Sagnac effect contradicts Special Relativity theory, it follows that the rotational Sagnac effect contradicts Special Relativity theory as well. In addition, we show that our recently proposed Information Relativity theory, in which we abandoned the constancy of the velocity of light axiom, theoretically accounts for the Sagnac effect.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[25] **viXra:1705.0366 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-25 10:37:57*

**Authors:** Sergey V. Shevchenko, Vladimir V. Tokarevsky

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

In the paper a few problems relating to the special relativity theory are considered, real SRT problems that arise from the self-inconsistence of the theory, and so limit its correct application; and imaginary, when at some “refuting of SRT” the notion “relatives speed” is erroneously applied, first of all the “(c±V)” problem.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[24] **viXra:1705.0346 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-23 12:05:10*

**Authors:** Sudipto Roy

**Comments:** 7 pages, 2 figures

The time dependence of the equation of state (EoS) parameter of the cosmic fluid, for a space of zero curvature, has been determined in the framework of the Brans-Dicke (BD) theory of gravity, using FRW metric. For this purpose, empirical expressions of the scale factor, scalar field and the dimensionless BD
parameter have been used. The constant parameters involved in these expressions have been determined from the field equations. The dependence of the scalar field upon the scale factor and the dependence of the BD parameter upon the scalar field have been explored to determine the time dependence of the EoS parameter. Its rate of change with time has been found to depend upon a parameter that governs the time dependent behavior of the scalar field. Time dependence of the EoS parameter has been graphically depicted.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[23] **viXra:1705.0324 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-21 16:06:50*

**Authors:** Eric Su

**Comments:** 2 Pages. microwave speed relativity reference frame

A standing wave consists of two identical waves moving in opposite
direction. A frequency detector moving toward the standing wave will
detect two different frequencies. One is blueshifted, the other is
redshifted. The distance between two adjacent nodes in the standing
wave is equal to half of the wavelength of both waves. Consequently, the wave
detector will detect different speeds from both waves due to the same
wavelength and the different frequencies. The calculation of speed is demonstrated with a typical household microwave oven which emits
microwave of frequency range around 2.45 GHz and wavelength range around 12.2 cm.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[22] **viXra:1705.0307 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-21 00:53:45*

**Authors:** Fang Zhou

**Comments:** 10 pages in Chinese

The article presents several physical models for thinking experiment to evidence the Absolute of simultaneity and non-simultaneity of events in reference frames. The Time Transformation of Zhoufang Transformation (Z-Transformation) actually underlies the Absolute of simultaneity and non-simultaneity of events in reference frames in constant-speed translational motion.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[21] **viXra:1705.0306 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-21 03:06:51*

**Authors:** Yin Zhu

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

1.All of the conclusions are directly from or based on the arguments and discussions in the researchgate.net. Sometimes, the arguments are very intense and sharp. Till now, these conclusions seem solidly standing.
2.The problems discussed here are easily understood. Only the simple mathematics is used. From the literatures, it is clearly shown that Einstein did have no original work in the theory of relativity. It just is a faked story that Einstein independently presented all the conclusions of the theory of relativity.
3.The conclusions are radically violent. It is certainly declared that Einstein’s theory of relativity is only pseudoscience and the pseudoscience is produced from the anti-ethics: Einstein did have no original work in the theory of relativity. But, now, all of the results in the theory of relativity are ascribed to Einstein.
4.General readers may not believe the conclusions. But, as you know that the theory of relativity is filled with faked stories, you should know what it means.
5.The arguments in the researchgate.net showed that, at least, no relativist can disprove the conclusions. And, some of the rational relativists have to agree some of these conclusions. But, most of the relativists only can select silent.
6.Maybe, relativists will close their eyes on the conclusions to continue the declaration that the theory of relativity is a great theory as they did in the past. But, now, it is the internet time. The conclusions cannot be concealed and shielded as did before internet time. Now, they can be generally and quickly spread and transformed. Relativists shall lose their public credibility quickly if they could not have a valid response.
7.We clearly know, it is risk to criticize Einstein. But, the scientists, including relativists, want to know scientific truth. And, we believe, we have the clear and simple arguments. Therefore, we hope, some of the mainstream physicists should accept the conclusions.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[20] **viXra:1705.0291 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-19 07:40:16*

**Authors:** Alfredo Dimas Moreira Garcia

**Comments:** 122 Pages.

The Special Theory of Relativity takes us to two results that presently are considered “inexplicable” to many renowned scientists, to know:
-The dilatation of time, and
-The contraction of the Lorentz Length.
The solution to these have driven the author to the development of the Undulating Relativity (UR) theory, where the Temporal variation is due to the differences on the route of the light propagation and the lengths are constants between two landmarks in uniform relative movement

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[19] **viXra:1705.0290 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-19 07:49:07*

**Authors:** Alfredo Dimas Moreira Garcia

**Comments:** 122 Pages.

A Teoria da Relatividade Especial conduz a dois resultados, considerados incompreensíveis por vários renomados físicos, que são a dilatação do tempo e a denominada contração espacial de Lorentz. A solução desses paradoxos me conduziu ao desenvolvimento da Relatividade Ondulatória onde a variação temporal é devida à diferença nos percursos de propagação da luz e o espaço é constante entre os observadores.
Da análise do desenvolvimento da Relatividade Ondulatória podemos sintetizar as seguintes conclusões:
-é uma teoria com princípios totalmente físicos,
-as transformações são lineares,
-matem intactos os princípios Euclidianos,
-considera a transformação de Galileu distinta em cada referencial,
-une a velocidade da luz e o tempo em um único fenômeno,
-desenvolve uma translação real entre os referenciais

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[18] **viXra:1705.0287 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-19 08:30:11*

**Authors:** Christian Corda

**Comments:** 6 Pages. I insert this comment to avoid further confusion on gravitational theory and equivalence principle by Mr. T. Yarman, Mr. A. Kholmetskii and collaborators

Despite it is well known at the elementary level of university courses that completely non-metric gravitational theories macroscopically violate
Einstein's equivalence principle, in a series of recent papers published also in Canadian Journal of Physics, T. Yarman and collaborators claimed
that the so-called YARK theory of gravitation (the name has been self-created by T. Yarman and collaborators from the initials of their proper
surnames), which is completely non-metric, should replace Einstein's general theory of relativity as the correct theory of gravitation. Here we
ultimately show the crackpot behavior of the YARK theory of gravitation by using Einstein's equivalence principle which has today a strong,
unchallengeable empiric evidence. Hence, we formally request the Editors of Canadian Journal of Physics to ultimately withdraw the papers
of T. Yarman and collaborators for the sake of scientific correctness. In addition, we formally request the Editors of Canadian Journal of Physics
to ultimately stop the publication of other papers on the unscientific and non-viable YARK theory of gravitation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:1705.0278 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-18 17:36:05*

**Authors:** Michail Zak

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

The paper proposes a scenario of origin and emerging of intelligent life in Universe based upon the mathematical discovery of a new class of dynamical systems described by ODE coupled with their Liouville equation. These systems called self-controlled since the role of actuators is played by the probability produced by the Liouville equation. Following the Madelung equation that belongs to this class, non-Newtonian and quantum-like properties such as randomness, entanglement, and probability interference typical for quantum systems have been described. At the same time, these systems expose properties of livings: decomposition into motor and mental dynamics, the capability of self-identification and self-awareness, as well as self-supervision. But the most surprising discovery is the existence of a special sub-class, in which the dynamical systems can violate the second law of thermodynamics, and that makes them different from both Newtonian and quantum physics. This sub-class should be associated with intelligent livings due to capability to move from disorder to order without external help. Based upon the mathematical discovery described above, on can assume that there are good chances that similar dynamical systems representing intelligent livings exist in real physical world. This provides a reason for a “rehabilitation “of the Maxwell demon and put it into physics of intelligent systems. Indeed, the Maxwell demon is implemented by the feedback from the Liouville equation to the original ODE while this feedback is capable to rearrange the probability distribution against the second law of thermodynamics. In addition to that, the same feedback removes the entropy paradox by explaining high order in our surrounding by “intelligent life support”. Two-steps transition: from the Newtonian physics to the linear model of Life, and from the latter to the model of Intelligent life are analyzed. The first transition is triggered by the Hadamard instability of the Newtonian physics with respect to small random disturbances in linear terms of the Liouville feedback. The second transition is triggered by instability of linear model of Life with respect to small random disturbances of non-linear terms of Liouville feedback. This transition could be implemented by such physical phenomena as shock waves or negative diffusion in probability space. Both transitions can be associated with catastrophe theory, in which sudden shifts in behavior arises from small changes in parameters of the model.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[16] **viXra:1705.0244 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-15 17:48:18*

**Authors:** Fang Zhou

**Comments:** 13 pages in Chinese

The Galilean Transformation is, strictly speaking, applicable only in assumed case of unlimited light velocity. The Galilean Transformation describes the composition of observers’ observation vectors. The author of the article, utilizing this inherent property of Galilean Transformation, presents the simplest deduction for space-time transformation objectively existing in motion observation under the circumstances of limited light velocity, and revealed the ‘Law of Equi-Status for Reference Systems’ as well.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:1705.0240 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-15 11:18:45*

**Authors:** George R. Briggs

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Abstract: The early universe's deficit of of dark matter is simply explained using up-to-date theory: dark matter entered new recycled active galaxies at their supermassive black holes at an overall steady rate that has continued unchanged to the present day

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:1705.0237 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-05-17 02:21:23*

**Authors:** Gordon Liu

**Comments:** 8 pages

Although mass is a very common and fundamental concept, but the problem of mass is still one of the key problems of modern Physics, up to the present the experts are not able to reach a consensus. In this paper, we have discussed the problems relating to mass, energy and matter, and been aware that mass is neither the amount of matter an object has, nor the measure of inertia and the source of gravitational field, whereas energy is the measure of the inertia of an object and also is the source of gravitational field. As before, Mass being used to measure the inertia and to calculate gravitational force is just an approximate method only for very slowly moving bodies and particles for which the rest energy is much larger than the kinetic energy. Actually the concept of mass is a superfluous artificial concept, just rest energy divided by a constant (If selecting c=1, the mass is exactly equal to the rest energy), does not have any other meaning. If the concept of mass is completely superseded by energy(or more precisely, rest energy), the physical equations are completely perfect, their meanings are clearer, and the puzzles such as the relationship of mass and energy, nature of matter, the essence of the weak equivalence principle, the physical meaning of Higgs mechanism, etc., can be made clearer.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1705.0236 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-15 08:53:13*

**Authors:** Gordon Liu

**Comments:** 20 pages, PHYSICS ESSAYS 27, 1 (2014)

The success of Special Relativity (SR) comes from the requirement of Lorentz co-variance to all physical equations. The explanation with regard to the Lorentz co-variance is based on two hypotheses, namely the principle of special relativity and the constancy of the speed of light. However, the statements of the principle of special relativity are various and confusing. The co-variance of physical equations and the equality of inertial frames of reference are mixed up. The equality of inertial frames of reference is obvious, but the co-variance of the physical equations is a more advanced requirement. Additionally, the way that the propagation property of light is placed in a central position of SR has caused people misunderstandings towards space-time, and also there is a logical circularity between the measurement of speed of light and the synchronization of clocks. These have obstructed to correctly extend the theory of space-time from an inertial frame of reference to a non-inertial frame of reference. These are the main reasons why many people criticize SR. In present paper, the two hypotheses have been discussed in detail and a new requirement to the equations of Physics has been proposed. The requirement is the Requirement of Special Completeness, namely, the physical equations used to describe the dynamics of matter and/or fields should include the descriptions that not only the matter and/or fields are at rest relative to an inertial frame of reference, but also they move relative to this frame. Basing on this requirement and the equality of the inertial frames of reference, we can approach to SR. Thereby let the theory of Lorentz co-variance has a clear and solid foundation. The constancy of the speed of light is just a deduction, not a premise. The Lorentz co-variance is just a characteristic of the Special Complete equations. Maxwell equations automatically satisfy the Lorentz trans-formations without any modification, while Newton law of gravity does not, because Newton law of gravity is not Special Complete and Maxwell equations are. The new approach has paved a road leading towards the generalizing of the theory of space-time from the inertial frame of reference to non-inertial frame of reference without considering gravitation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1705.0234 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-15 09:18:05*

**Authors:** Gordon Liu

**Comments:** 6 pages

We have discussed the characteristics of the space-time of non-inertial frame of reference (NFR)and proposed the Requirement of General Completeness (RGC) and the Principle of Equality of All Frames of Reference (PEAFR) in present paper. The RGC is that the physical equations used to describe the dynamics of matter should include the descriptions that the matter rest and move (uniformly rectilinearly and acceleratedly) relative to a frame of reference, and consider the structure of the space-time of frame of
reference. The PEAFR is that any frame of reference can be used to describe the motion of matter and the equations of General Completeness in all frames of reference are identical. According to the RGC and the PEAFR, we can deduce that the general complete physical equations are covariant. The descriptions of the space-time of NFR can be dealt without gravitation. The space-time of NFR is inhomogeneous and/or anisotropic caused by the accelerating motion. The inertial force is the manifestation of the deformed
space-time. The Riemann curvature tensor of the space-time of NFR equals zero, but the affine connection does not vanish no matter what coordinate system be selected in the NFR. Mach’s principle is incorrect.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1705.0233 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-15 10:03:23*

**Authors:** Gordon Liu

**Comments:** 12 Pages. International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2013, 3, 8-19

Let the coordinate system of flat space-time to absorb a second rank tensor field of the flat space-time deforming into a Riemannian space-time, namely, the tensor field is regarded as a metric tensor with respect to the coordinate system . After done this, is not the coordinate system of flat space-time anymore, but is the coordinate system of the new Riemannian space-time. The inverse operation also can be done. According to these notions, the concepts of the absorption operation and the desorption operation are proposed. These notions are actually compatible with Einstein's equivalence principle. By using these concepts, the relationships of the Riemannian space-time, the de Donder conditions and the gravitational field in flat space-time are analyzed and elaborated. The essential significance of the de Donder conditions (the harmonic conditions or gauge) is to desorb the tensor field of gravitation from the Riemannian space-time to the Minkowski space-time with the Cartesian coordinates. Einstein equations with de Donder conditions can be solved in flat space-time. Base on Fock's works, the equations of gravitational field in flat space-time are obtained, and the tensor expression of the energy-momentum of gravitational field is found. They all satisfy the global Lorentz covariance.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1705.0219 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-05-23 04:44:13*

**Authors:** D. Chakalov

**Comments:** 6 Pages. Two references added and text expanded. Comments welcome.

Brief outline of Penrose diagram and related topics.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1705.0191 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-11 15:35:38*

**Authors:** Ivan L. Zhogin

**Comments:** 2 pages (English and Russian)

The special and general relativity theories suggest different descriptions of our spacetime. It is impossible that both are absolutely true, nevertheless both theories are engaged in physics - in its different parts. Such a fragmentarily worldview was inappropriate to Einstein, and he proposed another theory which in a sense (at least in the symmetry group of its equations) was a sort of synthesis of SR and GR; a few features of this theory are touched here.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1705.0190 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-11 16:44:25*

**Authors:** Evgeny A. Novikov

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

New simple and exact analytical solutions of Einstein equations of general relativity (GR) and of Qmoger (quantum modification of GR) equations are obtained. These solutions corresponds to processes with invariant density of enthalpy (energy plus pressure). Interpretation of this solutions in terms of cosmic radiation and production of massive particles, as well as comparison with cosmic data (without fitting), are presented. It is suggested, that isenthalpic processes can be relevant also to excessive radiation from Jupiter and Saturn. Similar processes potentially can be used as a new source of energy on Earth.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1705.0167 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-10 05:55:08*

**Authors:** Fang Zhou

**Comments:** 10 pages in Chinese

The Galilean Transformation exhibits a composition of observers’ observation vectors.The author of this article presents the simplest deduction for space-time transformation objectively existing in motion observation under the circumstances of limited light velocity, utilizing the inherent exiting property of Galilean Transformation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1705.0161 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-10 01:02:13*

**Authors:** Stephen J Crothers

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

According to the Theory of Relativity the Universe is an amalgam of time and space containing matter; a four-dimensional spacetime continuum alleged as an analytic generalisation of the Theorem of Pythagoras from three dimensions. Spacetime is said to be curved by matter and undergoes rippling due to gravitational waves travelling at the speed
of light. Points in spacetime are called 'events'. The distance between two events is called the spacetime interval, which is manifest as a distance formula, often called a metric or line-element, in terms of 'coordinates'. However, Minkowski-Einstein spacetime is not actually a
four-dimensional continuum because it is self-referential via the speed of light.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1705.0147 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-05-12 05:54:22*

**Authors:** D. Chakalov

**Comments:** 6 Pages. Two references added. Final version.

We model the physicalized manifestation of the Universe as bootstrapped ‘Brain of the Universe’ and seek evidence for its brain-like functional organization, resulting from the Holon of the Universe facilitated by space-like correlated gravitational holomovement and rotation. The orthodox model of gravity, based on "tangent vectors" and "curvature of spacetime", is replaced with the proposal that the physicalized clocks and rulers are very flexible ‘jackets’ (cf. John’s jackets parable in CEN.pdf), which can slow down or speed up viz. shrink or expand, leading to perfectly correlated Brain of the Universe living in so-called ‘relative scale’ (RS) spacetime. The question of Universal Mind, complementing the Brain of the Universe, pertains to physical theology and the doctrine of trialism, and was examined in previous publications (Sec. 6 in spacetime.pdf).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1705.0138 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-05-11 09:43:59*

**Authors:** Bertrand Wong

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

It is felt by many that faster-than-light particles (tachyons) exist though none has been detected so far. Is it really possible to detect these particles? Some methods are brought up.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1705.0135 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-08 12:53:41*

**Authors:** Andreus A. I.

**Comments:** 2 Pages. In Russian

False cience spawned the Big Bang Theory.
An exquisite pseudoscience, since all points over i have not yet been put, and scientists (scientists) do not dethrone such benchmarks in a person's world view.
Pseudoscientific Theory of the Big Bang. Propaganda of the Big Bang Theory illustrates the loss of honor by scientists around the globe for more than a century for the blessings and content of their lives from society on planet Earth ...

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1705.0125 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-07 12:05:19*

**Authors:** Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski

**Comments:** 2 Pages. 1 screenshot, 1 illustrative graph

It is proposed that we can travel through time by using good theory, but not the time travel that is represented in Hollywood. To do this we must use our common sense and good theory. Since the universe recycles itself constantly and is eternal, we can find objects that exist and time periods that are very similar to our own past and are good analogs to our future.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1705.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-05-02 05:06:17*

**Authors:** Mohammed Mezouar

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Lorentz transformation allows two ways to compare time measures from two moving clocks. We show that the more realistic way leads to discover that absolute rest plays a hidden role and prescribes a restriction on the relativity principle.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology