[26] **viXra:1702.0337 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-28 15:33:33*

**Authors:** George R. Briggs

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Abstract: It has been about 10 months since I updated the cyclic universe E8 symmetry theory. Since the last update I have included supersymmetric top quark-antiquark effects and effects linking new cosmological data such as that of supermassive black holes, M-sigma galaxies, galaxies with "bars", and gamma annihilation radiation from the center of our galaxy

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[25] **viXra:1702.0314 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-07 12:01:39*

**Authors:** Jozef Radomanski

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

As a result of the superposition of non-collinear relativistic velocities, apart from the resultant velocity, a component of turn is obtained which is called the Thomas-Wigner rotation. The paper discusses the Lorentz transformation using the paravector calculus. It has been shown that any Lorentz rotation is a combination of real velocity and a Euclidean rotation, and that as a result of the superposition of appropriately selected velocities any object can rotate in place, which may indicate the fallacy of the idea of the Lorentz rotation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[24] **viXra:1702.0269 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-22 05:21:44*

**Authors:** Viktor D Krasnov

**Comments:** 5 Pages. in Russia

This paper reviews origination and forming mechanism of rotation plane inclination of the planets (objects) as part of planetary type space systems. Inclination of rotation plane is originated and formed by resonance vibrations of planets (objects) toward the motion of planetary systems. Resonance vibrations are natural state of all planetary type space formations. Reviewed mechanism of origination and forming of planet vibration toward planetary system motion is the Law for any planetary system. // Рассмотрен механизм возникновения и формирования наклона плоскости вращения планет (объектов) в составе космических систем планетарного типа. Наклон плоскости вращения возникает и формируется резонирующими колебаниями планет (объектов) в направлении движения планетарных систем. Резонирующие колебания являются естественным состоянием всех космических образований планетарного типа. Рассмотренный механизм возникновения и формирования колебательного движения планеты в направлении движения планетарной системы является Законом для любых планетарных систем.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[23] **viXra:1702.0268 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-21 07:08:53*

**Authors:** Johan Noldus

**Comments:** 2 Pages. preliminary version, comments welcome

It is extremely unlikely that global warming is caused by humans,
rather it appears to have a gravitational origin.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[22] **viXra:1702.0260 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-20 23:49:52*

**Authors:** Henok Tadesse

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

The cause of electromagnetic radiation is generally believed to be due to an accelerating charge. However, physicists have also been aware of the inadequacy of this theory and have long been troubled to explain the different phenomena of electromagnetic radiation. This is not to say that accelerating charges never radiate, but to point out that the accelerating charge view does not always hold. Other attempts at alternative explanations have been made by physicists. For example, one idea is that it is the rate of change of acceleration, not acceleration, that causes radiation and radiation reaction. All existing mainstream and alternative theories have failed to reveal the principle behind all radiation phenomenon. What is the basic law of nature that underlies all radiation phenomenon ? This paper reveals a profound law of electromagnetic radiation, which we may call Steady State theory of electromagnetic radiation and motion. The proposed principle underlying all radiation phenomenon is that electromagnetic radiation occurs during the transient period of motion of a charge and ceases when the moving charge reaches steady state condition. The assumption that an accelerated charge always radiates is wrong. The Steady State theory also explains the apparently unrelated phenomenon of stability of planetary orbits. The planetary orbits are so stable because they have reached steady state condition after millions of years of transient, unstable, oscillatory motions. This paper reveals the subtle difference between inertial motion and steady state motion, and proposes to replace the former with the latter.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[21] **viXra:1702.0245 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-19 10:42:32*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Sergey Ershkov

**Comments:** 4 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to any journal. Your comments are welcome.

In this paper, we will solve 2Riccati ODEs using Maxima computer algebra package with applications in: (a) generalized Gross-Pitaevskii equation, (b) cosmology problem. The results presented below deserve further investigations in particular for comparison with existing analytical solutions.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[20] **viXra:1702.0230 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-02-20 05:48:26*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Here we examine maximum proper velocity (sometimes referred to as celerity), based on the recently
suggested maximum velocity for anything with rest mass, as given by Haug. Proper velocity is a quantity that has been suggested for use in a series of calculations in relativity theory.
Current standard theory imposes no limit on how close to infinity the proper velocity for an object with mass can be. Under our extended theory, by contrast, there is a strict upper limit on the proper velocity for anything with rest mass, which again is directly related to our newly suggested maximum velocity for anything with rest mass.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[19] **viXra:1702.0224 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-17 04:31:57*

**Authors:** Thierry De Mees

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Like Maxwell has shown, the idea of an intrinsic gravitational energy surrounding masses is not viable to explain gravity, because that would lead to incredibly large energies. This falsifies the need for a non-linear general gravity theory such as the general relativity theory, and confirms the validity of Heaviside’s linear gravity theory, gravitomagnetism, known as the “weak-field approximation”.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[18] **viXra:1702.0217 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-17 04:51:18*

**Authors:** Thierry De Mees

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

In this paper, we analyze the validity of the common belief in modern science that an intrinsic time dilatation would exist, i.e. that time effectively dilates with speed and not just the ticking rate of the clocks that measure it. I start from the Special Relativity theory and I analyze if it is theoretically possible to obtain an intrinsic time dilatation. Furthermore, I analyze the context of the Hafele–Keating experiment, which used atomic clocks and the Special Relativity theory to calculate the time rates. Finally, I analyze what is at the origin of the time dilatations that are measured in atomic clocks.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:1702.0214 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-17 05:12:21*

**Authors:** Stephen J Crothers

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Einstein's method of synchronising clocks in his Special Theory of Relativity is inconsistent with the Lorentz Transformation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[16] **viXra:1702.0184 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-16 07:22:32*

**Authors:** José Francisco García Juliá

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

In this very elementary article, we try to show that the universe would be static, flat and infinite.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:1702.0175 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-11 09:13:14*

**Authors:** Mesut Kavak

**Comments:** 72 Pages.

I have been working for a long time about basic laws which direct existence, and some mathematical problems which are waited for a solution. I can count myself lucky, that I could make some important inferences during this time, and I published them in a few papers partially as some propositions. This work aimed to explain and discuss these inferences all together by relating them one another by some extra additions, corrections and explanations being physical phenomena are prior. There are many motivation instruments for exact physical inferences.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:1702.0171 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-14 11:20:05*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light in Erlangen have discovered a new mechanism for guiding light in photonic crystal fibre (PCF). [6] Scientists behind a theory that the speed of light is variable-and not constant as Einstein suggested-have made a prediction that could be tested. [5] Physicists' greatest hope for 2015, then, is that one of these experiments will show where Einstein got off track, so someone else can jump in and get closer to his long-sought " theory of everything. " This article is part of our annual "Year In Ideas" package, which looks forward to the most important science stories we can expect in the coming year. It was originally published in the January 2015 issue of Popular Science. [4] The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1702.0153 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-14 03:02:44*

**Authors:** Jose P. Koshy

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The Relativity Theories are based on the concept of spacetime, which has no physical meaning. The theories are partial, applicable only to limited areas, and remain a stumbling block for the unification of physics. Here I show that an alternate concept, 'energy is motion, and force is reaction to motion', can explain all phenomena that are now being explained using Relativity Theories. This renders the tests for Relativity theories irrelevant. The alternate concept is physically meaningful and is applicable to all areas from particle level to cosmic level. So I conclude that the Relativity theories, which were in vogue for a century, can now be discarded.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1702.0149 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-13 15:23:55*

**Authors:** Peter Bissonnet

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In his paper entitled A New Perspective on Advanced Space Travel, the author dealt briefly with the so called gravitational ‘constant’ in the range , 0 ≤G ≤Go where G represents a variable gravitational ‘constant’, and Go represents the usual Newtonian gravitational ‘constant’ value. The scale dealt with was the sub-nuclear level regarding the weak interaction: hardly a range at which gravity can be measured, yet a close approximation to the Fermi constant was derived based upon a variable G in the weak interaction. It is, however, the belief of the author that the universe operates quite differently in the range of 0 ≤G ≤Go as opposed to the range G ≥0 .

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1702.0134 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-10 16:48:55*

**Authors:** Evgeny A. Novikov

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Some aspects of the future of humankind are considered based on applications of the quantum modification of general relativity. Particularly, the energy supply from the vacuum and a new form of communication are discussed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1702.0128 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-04-04 09:24:28*

**Authors:** Yannan Yang

**Comments:** 3 Pages. There was a calculation mistake in the last equation in previous version. In the updated version, the mistake is corrected.

In a previous paper of the author’s, a paradox resulted from the relativistic mass increase with speed was presented and analyzed. To avoid this contradiction while leaving relativity intact, the assumption that the strength of a substance will increase with its speed was introduced. Here in this article, one more paradox of relativistic mass increase with speed is presented which is conflict with the principle of relativity. There are no solutions for this contradiction.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1702.0124 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-09-01 09:52:38*

**Authors:** Henok Tadesse

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Why do objects possess inertia at all ? What is gravity ? Why are inertial and gravitational masses equal ? These are some of the great puzzles and mysteries in physics that have not been really solved to date. This paper reveals these mysteries. Inertia and electrical self- inductance are not only analogous, but they are the same phenomena: electromagnetism ! Inertia is 'self-inductance' or electromagnetic radiation reaction. The radiation reaction of an accelerating electron is the same as its inertial mass. Electrostatic force and gravitational force are not only analogous, but they are basically the same phenomena: electrostatics. Both inertial mass and gravitational mass depend on the same quantity: the total number of electrons, protons and neutrons in an object, i.e. the total (NOT net ) charge in the object. This is the fundamental reason why inertial mass and gravitational mass are equal. Universal speed limit is due to non-linear law of self- inductance or radiation reaction.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1702.0110 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-08 07:00:12*

**Authors:** Fernando Loup

**Comments:** 86 Pages. this paper links the Broeck developments for the Alcubierre warp drive to the Natario warp drive

Warp Drives are solutions of the Einstein Field Equations that
allows superluminal travel within the framework of General
Relativity. There are at the present moment two known solutions:
The Alcubierre warp drive discovered in $1994$ and the Natario
warp drive discovered in $2001$. However the major drawback
concerning warp drives is the huge amount of negative energy
density able to sustain the warp bubble.In order to perform an
interstellar space travel to a "nearby" star at $20$ light-years
away in a reasonable amount of time a ship must attain a speed of
about $200$ times faster than light.However the negative energy
density at such a speed is directly proportional to the factor
$10^{48}$ which is $1.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000$ times
bigger in magnitude than the mass of the planet Earth!!. With the
correct form of the shape function the Natario warp drive can
overcome this obstacle at least in theory.Other drawbacks that
affects the warp drive geometry are the collisions with hazardous
interstellar matter(asteroids,comets,interstellar dust etc)that
will unavoidably occurs when a ship travels at superluminal speeds
and the problem of the Horizons(causally disconnected portions of
spacetime).The geometrical features of the Natario warp drive are
the required ones to overcome these obstacles also at least in
theory.Some years ago in $1999$ Chris Van Den Broeck appeared with
a very interesting idea.Broeck proposed a warp bubble with a large
internal radius able to accommodate a ship inside while having a
submicroscopic outer radius and a submicroscopic contact external
surface in order to better avoid the collisions against the
interstellar matter.The Broeck spacetime distortion have the shape
of a bottle with $200$ meters of inner diameter able to
accommodate a spaceship inside the bottle but the bottleneck
possesses a very small outer radius with only $10^{-15}$ meters
$100$ billion time smaller than a millimeter therefore reducing
the probabilities of collisions against large objects in
interstellar space.In this work we apply the Broeck idea to the
Natario warp drive spacetime but out bottle have $200$ kilometers
of inner size $1000$ times the size of the original Broeck bottle
and we use the original Alcubierre shape function to generate our
version of the Broeck bottle with very low energy density
requirements.The Broeck idea is more than welcome and solves
definitively the problem of the collisions against large objects.
Any future development for the Natario warp drive must encompass
the Broeck bottle and this approach must be named as the
Natario-Broeck warp drive.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1702.0108 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-08 09:53:39*

**Authors:** Paul E. Loehr

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The concepts of modern physics concerning light, gravitation and particles seem to be precisely confirmed by observation and are well founded in complex and sophisticated theories - the more experiments the more confirmation. But, as unbelievable as it may sound for every scientist, two simple experiments are able to shatter the basics of modern physics. These decisive tests are aberration experiments using laser beams whereof the most important doesn't need any other means than a blank sheet, a pencil and pure logic. The conclusions to be drawn disprove fundamental theories and force us to rethink our concepts of light, gravitation, and particles. The acceptance of the implications presented here poses less a logical but far more a psychological challenge. This issue, if managed successfully, will lead to realistic physics that probably opens the path to quantum gravity too.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1702.0064 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-04 04:54:58*

**Authors:** Victor D, Krasnov

**Comments:** 8 Pages. in Russia

Attempts to create the theory of the Moon's motion take place since the time of Isaac Newton. The Theory of the Moon's Motion, which considers the impact of the Earth, the Sun and other planets, is proved to be one of the most difficult issues in astronomy. The Article describes the physical model of the Moon’s motion based on the provisions of "the full law of motion for the objects of planetary systems".
It is shown that the Moon’s motion is formed by the complex combination of gravitational attraction components of the Earth and the Sun, having an impact on the Moon in accordance with the motion of the planetary system. The calculation of the Moon's motion is made in view of represented physical model. The results related to the calculation of the Moon’s motion, in case of the interaction of the Earth, the Sun and the Moon, are in keeping with the observed motion, and also confirm the Theory of the Moon's Motion. The calculation can include any number of objects (planets) that have an impact on the Moon’s motion. All calculation results verify "the full law of motion for the objects of planetary systems".
//Попытки создания теории движения Луны не прекращаются со времён И. Ньютона. Теория движения Луны, учитывающая влияние Земли, Солнца и других планет оказалась одной из самых сложных задач астрономии. В статье представлена физическая модель движения Луны, построенная на положениях «Полного закона движения объектов в составе систем планетарного типа».
Показано, что движение Луны формируется сложным сочетанием действия гравитационных составляющих притяжения Земли и Солнца, действующих на Луну в направлении движения планетарной системы. Выполнен расчёт движения Луны в соответствии с представленной физической моделью. Результаты расчёта движения Луны при взаимодействии Земли, Солнца и Луны, согласуются с наблюдаемым движением и подтверждают представленную теорию движения Луны. В расчёт может быть включено любое количество объектов (планет), оказывающих влияние на движение Луны. Результаты расчёта верифицируют «Полный закон движения объектов в составе систем планетарного типа».

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1702.0054 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-04 01:20:56*

**Authors:** Anamitra Palit

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

The article seeks to define and analyze work in the context of General Relativity. The definition of work in General Relativity as considered with this article is an extrapolation of what we have in Special Relativity.This definition as brought out in this paper takes into account the involvement of the curvature effects into the definition of work. The paper also considers the weak field limit of work in relation to Schwarzschild’s Geometry. In the classical limit of weak space time curvature our definition produces the classical energy conservation formula: the sum of potential and kinetic energy as defined classically is conserved when Schwarzschild geometry is treated in the weak field limit with our definition of work.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1702.0016 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-02-21 22:58:23*

**Authors:** Henok Tadesse

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The origin of the force holding protons and neutrons together in the nucleus has been one of the daunting puzzles of physics, regardless of the Standard Model explanation. One possible consideration is the force of gravity as responsible for the stability of the nucleus. However, this idea will be immediately dismissed because gravitational force as we know it is weaker than electromagnetic force by a factor of about 8 x 10-37 . This is the very reason that gravity has eluded the attention of physicists as a possible explanation of nuclear force. Nature has hidden its mystery for almost a century by looking ridiculous. We know gravitation as introduced by Newton and have been stuck with that for centuries. This paper reveals a drastically different law of gravitation that ultimately resolves the mystery of nuclear force. This theory also has the potential to explain the phenomenon of cosmological acceleration and the Pioneer anomaly. Gravity is a force that behaves differently at vastly different distance scales: nuclear scale, macroscopic scale and astronomical scale.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1702.0015 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-02 02:03:22*

**Authors:** Miroslav Pardy

**Comments:** 89 Pages. The original ideas published in reputable journals

We derive the Poincar´e model of the Lobachevsky geometry from the Fermat
principle. The Lobachevsky geometry is interpreted as the
Lobachevsky-Beltrami-Fok velocity space geometry of moving particles. The relation
of this geometry to the decay of the neutral π-meson is considered. The
generalization of the Lobachevsky geometry is performed and the new angle of
parallelism is derived. Then, we determine nonlinear transformations between coordinate
systems which are mutually in a constant symmetrical accelerated motion.
The maximal acceleration limit follows from the kinematic origin. Maximal acceleration
is an analogue of the maximal velocity in special relativity. We derive the
dependence of mass, length, time, Doppler effect, on acceleration as an analogue
phenomena in special theory of relativity. We apply the derived nonlinear
Lorentz group to the so called Thomas precession. The total quantum energy loss
of binary is caused by the production of gravitons emitted by the rotation motion of
binary. We have calculated it in the framework of the Schwinger theory of gravity
for the situation where the gravitational propagator involves radiative corrections.
We also derive the finite-temperature gravitational Cherenkov radiation involving
radiative corrections. The graviton action in vacuum is generalized for the medium
with the constant gravitational index of refraction. From this generalized action
the power spectral formula of the Cherenkov radiation of gravitons is derived in
the framework of the Schwinger theory at zero and nonzero temperature. The next
text deals with non-relativistic quantum energy shift of H-atom electrons due to Gibbons-Hawking thermal bath. The seventh chapter deals with gravity as the
deformation of the space time and it involves the light deflection by the screw dislocation.
In conclusion, we consider the scientific and technological meaning and the
perspectives of the results derived. Some parts of the complex are published in the
reputable journals.
1

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1702.0012 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-01 11:27:44*

**Authors:** George R. Briggs

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Abstract: Dark energy -mc^2 relative mass closely matches the relative mass of 6 top quarks: this indicates complete annihilation of the top quarks negative mass to dark radiation which we call dark energy had occurred before the big bang: this left Briggs fermions as the only possible source of matter to our new universe after the big bang, and this source, transferring matter from the previous universe only, had no antimatter to give either.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1702.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-02-01 01:57:32*

**Authors:** Seamus McCelt

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Galaxies (or anything) cannot be repelled.

What is actually happening is there is more pull / gravity coming from a normal area region NA

NA ~~~~~~~~ MG ~~~~~~~~ VOID

Milky Way Galaxy MG is NOT repelled by the Void -- it is pulled towards the Normal amount of galaxies NA. That is the way gravity works even at large scales -- stuff pulls together

MG will be drawn towards NA because the VOID has no large masses in it.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology