[14] **viXra:1206.0100 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-06-26 10:33:32*

**Authors:** sangwha Yi

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In the general relativity theory, using Einstein’s gravity field equation, find new electronic force’s solution. The force is only found by the gravity equation. Therefore the force is connected by the gravity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1206.0097 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-06-26 15:32:20*

**Authors:** Charles B. Leffert

**Comments:** 17 Pages, 9 Figures

ABSTRACT
The success of quantum theory shows that the Universe is much more complicated than most have supposed. How did our universe get started? What is energy? What is gravity? The late Richard Feynman in Volume 1 of his “Lectures on Physics” said that no one had come up with the machinery of either energy or gravity. However the machinery of both has been presented by the author in recent issues of this viXar archive and other publications. For the machinery of the expansion of the universe, a complete spatial condensation theory, with no free parameters, has been under development for the past 25 years. In that development, one important contact has been made with quantum theory; the expansion theory predicts exactly the same value of vacuum energy as quantum theory, a factor of 10123 greater than Einstein’s mass energy, Mc2. The new concepts, such as a fourth spatial dimension, and our ordinary space of three spatial dimensions as the surface of a four-dimensional ball, indicate that there are even more complexities needed to accomplish unification with quantum theory. Present physics uses a symmetric time and yet we know that from our subjective concepts of past-present-future that there is also an “Arrow” of time. This conundrum was solved by two different productions of space operating under two different times. Our universe started under the first radiation-dominated era with the arrow of time producing four-dimensional space. Then as radiation cooled and four-dimensional space continued, geometric production of our three-dimensional space with symmetric time increased in the matter-dominated era. Some additional plots of important parameters are presented as well as a new agreement with measurements of passive separation of galaxies. But in general the aim of this paper is to alert the reader to the background vision of a greater epi-universe as the source of quantum interaction with the present mass of matter and the vision of how our universe came to be.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1206.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-06-25 19:25:31*

**Authors:** Fernando Loup

**Comments:** 32 Pages.

Warp Drives are solutions of the Einstein field equations that
allows superluminal travel within the framework of General
Relativity. There are at the present moment two known solutions:
The Alcubierre warp drive discovered in $1994$ and the Natario
warp drive discovered in $2001$. Recently McMonigal,Lewis and
O´Byrne presented an important analysis for the Alcubierre warp
drive:A warp drive ship at superluminal speeds in interstellar
space would trap in the warp bubble all the particles and
radiations the ship encounters in its pathway and these trapped
bodies would achieve immense energies due to the bubble
superluminal speed.As far the ship goes by in interstellar space,
more and more particles and radiations are trapped in the bubble
generating in front of it a blanket with extremely large amounts
of positive energy. The physical consequences of having this
blanket of positive energies with enormous magnitudes in front of
the negative energy of the warp bubble are still unknown. When the
ship finishes the trip it stops suddenly releasing in a highly
energetic burst all the trapped particles and radiations contained
in the blanket damaging severely the destination point. In this
work,we reproduce the same analysis for the Natario warp drive
however using different mathematical arguments more accessible to
beginners or intermediate students and we arrived exactly to the
same conclusions. While in a long-term future some of the physical
problems associated to the warp drive science(negative
energy,Horizons) seems to have solutions(better shape functions
for the negative energy problem and a theory that encompasses both
General Relativity and non local quantum entanglements of Quantum
Mechanics for the Horizons problem) and we discuss these solutions
in our work,the analysis of McMonigal,Lewis and O´Byrne although
entirely correct do not have a foreseeable solution and remains
the most serious obstacle against the warp drive as a physical
reality

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1206.0084 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-06-24 14:58:43*

**Authors:** Alan M. Kadin

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

The cosmic Big Bang was long believed to be associated with a decelerating expansion of the universe, until recent observations of distant supernovae indicated accelerating expansion that requires dark energy, which is still not fully understood. It is proposed here that cosmic acceleration may be an illusion caused by gradually increasing rest mass, which produces an additional contribution to the apparent cosmological red shift. A novel simple model is presented that illustrates this effect without dark energy, whereby there is a smooth transition from an early universe of massless particles to the present universe of massive particles, stars, and galaxies, mediated by the decreasing gravitational potential of the expanding universe. Implications of this model for the cosmic microwave background and the early universe are discussed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1206.0081 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-06-23 03:33:47*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

This enhanced paper proves in a simple way, with no mathematics, that there is no black hole or close black hole binary system in Nova Scorpii, contrary to the published claims of Schmidt et al. (2002). It also proves that the concept of the black hole violates the physical principles of General Relativity and is therefore invalid.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1206.0080 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-08-29 01:39:57*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 5 Pages. Published: Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Physics and Space Science Volume 12 Issue 4 Version 1.0 June 2012

This paper proves in a simple way, with minimal mathematics, that there is no black hole or close black hole binary system in Nova Scorpii, contrary to the published claims of Schmidt et al. (2002). It also consequently proves that the concept of the black hole violates the physical principles of General Relativity and is therefore invalid.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1206.0068 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-06-19 16:55:35*

**Authors:** Leonardo Rubino

**Comments:** 73 Pages.

According to the official and prevailing cosmology, the Universe is expanding; galaxies (not all…) are mutually getting farther and the farther they are,
the higher their speeds are and their redshifts are. The law by which all this happens is Hubble’s Law (Edwin Hubble, lawyer, astronomer and
astrophysicist, 1889-1953).
Any exception?

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1206.0024 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-06-08 03:03:16*

**Authors:** Glenn A. Baxter

**Comments:** Five pages

The author publishes his Four Baxter Relativity Postulates and Four Conclusions in support of his published papers disproving Special Relativity and its Incorrect derivatives such as predicted time slowing down due to uniform relative motion, etc., and leading to the incorrect derivation of E = MC^2

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1206.0022 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-06-06 11:36:24*

**Authors:** sangwha Yi

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In the special relativity theory, the acceleration about the accelerated matter that has the initial velocity in 2-Dimension inertial coordinate system and the other acceleration about the accelerated matter that has not the initial velocity in 2-Dimension inertial coordinate system are same.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1206.0019 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-09-04 08:46:39*

**Authors:** Victor V. Demjanov

**Comments:** 7 Pages. English and Russian

Measurements Miller (1905-1925) on the interferometer Michelson-type (MI) have discovered on the basis of effects of 2^{nd}-order non-zero interference fringe shift, indicating the anisotropy of the speed of light in the light-bearing area of MI. Such evidence about aether is of great concern y autor SRT. In 1926 in his article "My theory and experiments of Miller", Einstein said that in these experiments "should be hidden bug", because otherwise, the SRT not valid. Further he suggests, that the reason might be the in defects of the low stiffness and big of heaviness of interferometer Miller (~2 tons). To check the results Miller's on the based comments of autor SRT, Michelson, Pease and Pearson (1927-1929) built even more heavier MI (~ 3.2 tons) with a more rigid construction of the turntable. But first they began to receive the results con-firming measurements of Miller's.

One of them (Pease) remarked change in sign of the harmonic band shift when change the direction of rotation of MI. Aggregate harmonic shift of the fringe in the "forward" and "reverse" rotation them MI has receiving as if "zero". Pease calls it a "differential shift" and published (1930) as evidence of "negatively" experiences at MI. Until now, this "evidence" in serie of the evidence absence of reactions from the aether.

On the basis my of the experimental of professionalism, I will explain in this article, what is not Miller, but Michelson, Pease and Pearson faced with of the hardware-methodical by effect a heavy instrument. Without examining this effect, they published it as a confirmation of speculation autor SRT about the quality experiments Miller's. Based on their experiments of the 1960^{s}, I found out the reason for changing the sign of the shift of the fringe in MI. This article is for those who and today considers a non-zero shift of the fringe in MI related to the methodic measurement on interferometer.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1206.0012 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-06-04 07:13:45*

**Authors:** Glenn A. Baxter (P.E)

**Comments:** Five pages

The author publishes his two Baxter Relativity Postulates and Conclusion in support of his published papers disproving Special Relativity and its Incorrect derivatives such as predicted time slowing down due to uniform relative motion, etc., and leading to the incorrect derivation of E = MC^2

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1206.0011 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-06-03 11:47:30*

**Authors:** Mahgoub Salih;Tayssir.M.Al Mahdi

**Comments:** 8 Pages. 1 figure

Modified Reissner-Nordstrom solution to Einstein's field equation for static charged spherical black hole is used in microscopic scale by redefine the potential. In addition, circular orbits and horizons obtained. The obtainable model characterized the boundaries of micro-Particle scale. Casimir force is generalized and computed without reference to zero point energies.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1206.0006 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-06-02 18:41:06*

**Authors:** J.C.Valks

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Baxter is wrong.

In this document we analyze the thought experiment proposed by
Baxter. Baxter's conclusion is that his thought experiment shows a
contradiction and that therefore relativity is wrong. However, we shall show that
there is no contradiction and that eventually Baxter has misinterpreted
relativity.
As Baxter in his thought experiment makes use of the relativistic
light-clock, we start with an analysis of the relativistic light-clock. The
relativistic light-clock eventually implies relations between time-intervals, but also
between distances, where a distinction is made between parallel distances
and orthogonal distances, with respect to the velocity of the moving
distance. Correct implementation of the relativistic light-clock shows that
Baxter's thought experiment does not lead to contradictions. Baxter's
contradiction is based on misinterpretation of relativity by Baxter
himself, i.e. he has not shown any contradiction.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1206.0001 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-06-12 08:17:15*

**Authors:** J. Bajnok

**Comments:** 5 pages, 5 figures

The present study seeks to demonstrate that the true change in the frequency of atomic clocks depending on their velocity leads to conclusive evidence that the principle of relativity and relativity theory can no longer be accepted.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology