Relativity and Cosmology

1007 Submissions

[9] viXra:1007.0051 [pdf] submitted on 29 Jul 2010

On the Invariance of the Velocity of Light

Authors: Bertrand Wong
Comments: 14 pages

The Special Theory of Relativity postulates that the velocity of light would always be invariant at 186,000 miles per second at all inertial frames. The paper examines this aspect of the Theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[8] viXra:1007.0044 [pdf] submitted on 12 Jul 2010

On Using Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger Three-Particle States for Superluminal Communication

Authors: Raymond W Jensen
Comments: 19 pages, Presented at the SPESIF-2010 Conference at JHU Applied Physics lab in Feb. 2010

Using a three-particle entangled system (triple), it is possible in principle to transmit signals faster than the speed of light from sender to receiver in the following manner: From an emitter, for every triple, particles 1 and 2 are sent to the receiver and 3 to the sender. The sender is given the choice of whether or not to measure polarization of particle 3. Meanwhile the receiver measures particle correlation vs. relative polarization angle for the polarizers of particles 1 and 2. The particle 1 and 2 correlation statistics depend on whether or not particle 3 polarization was measured, instantaneously. This dependence is a basis for faster-than-light communication.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[7] viXra:1007.0043 [pdf] submitted on 26 Jul 2010

Special Theory of Relativity in Absolute Space and the Symmetric Twin Paradox ( On the Possibility of Absolute Motion )

Authors: Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya, Mabedle Donald Ngobeni
Comments: 21 pages, 10 figures, 1 table.

Departing from the traditional case where one twin stays put while the other rockets into space, we consider the case of identically accelerated twins. Both twins depart at uniform relativistic speeds in opposite directions for a round trip from the Earth on their 21th birthday destined into space to some distant constellation that is a distance L0 in the rest frame of the Earth. A "proper" application of the Special Theory of Relativity (STR) tells us that the Earth bound observers will conclude that on the day of reunion, both twins must both have aged the same albeit their clocks (which where initially synchronized with that of the Earth bound observers) will have registered a duration less than that registered by the Earth bound observers. In the traditional twin paradox, it is argued that the stay at home twin will have aged more than the traveling twin and the asymmetry is attributed to the fact that the travelling twin's frame of reference is not an inertial reference frame during the periods of acceleration and deceleration making it illegal for the travelling twin to use the STR in their frame, thus "resolving" the paradox. This same argument does not hold in the case considered here as both twins will undergo identical experiences where each twin sees the other as the one that is in motion. This means, each twin must conclude that the other twin is the one that is younger. They will conclude that their ages must be numerically different, thus disagreeing with the Earth bound observers that their ages are the same. This leads us to a true paradox whose resolution is found in the deduction that motion must be absolute. We provide a thought-experiment on how to measure absolute motion. Through this thought-experiment, we extend the second postulate of the STR to include the direction of propagation of light, namely that not only is the speed of light the same for all observers, but the direction of propagation as-well. Succinctly, the speed of light along its direction of motion in the absolute frame of reference is the same for all observers in the Universe. In an effort to try and resolve the symmetric twin paradox, we set-forth a relativistic aether model, which at best can be described as the Special Theory of Relativity in Absolute Space. By recalibrating several experiments performed by other researchers in the past, we find that the Earth's speed through the aether is in the range 240 ± 80 kms-1.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[6] viXra:1007.0038 [pdf] submitted on 24 Jul 2010

Michelson-Type Interferometer Operating at Effects of First Order with Respect to V/c

Authors: V.V. Demjanov
Comments: 11 pages

          More than hundred years the opinion persists that Michelson interferometer can not detect aether wind by effects of first order with respect to the ratio υ/c. Below there will be shown that the degenerations of the interfer-ometer's sensitivity to effects of first order can be lifted changing the traditional configurations of the device. My experiment demonstrated that a two-media device operating at effects of first order can reliably measure the shift of the interference fringe (and thus the speed of "aether wind"), and much more successfully than by Michelson interferometer operating at effects of second order. Unlike in the traditional approach, in the interferometer of first order light rays (after splitting at semi-transparent plate) propagate in both orthogonal arms to rebounding mirrors in a one optical medium (with the dielectric permittivity ε1), and return after reflection to a plate re-uniting them for interference via another medium (with the dielectric permittivity ε2). The shift of interference fringe is reliably registered (in rotation of the interferometer by 90o) even at gas light carrying pairs with arm's length up to 1 m. With this the fringe shift appears to be proportional to υ/c and difference ε1–ε2.
          The experimental findings have been interpreted basing on classical scheme of ray optics by two methods: 1) with the Fresnel model of dragging light by moving optical medium neglecting terms quadratic in υ/c (including the Lorentz contraction of the longitudinal to v arm as quadratic with respect to υ/c), 2) with the classical theory of the frequency dispersion of moving dielectric media, supplemented by the accounting classical and relativistic Doppler effects describing translatory motion (with velocity v) of particles of interferometer light carriers in aether. From observations of the fringe shift on the interferometer of first order with respect to υ/c there was found (at the latitude of Obninsk) the change of the horizontal projection of the Earth's velocity relative to luminiferous aether in the limits 140<υ<480 km/s depending on the local time of the day and night.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[5] viXra:1007.0024 [pdf] replaced on 19 Jul 2010

Verification of Cepheid Variable Distance Measurements Using Roxy's Ruler

Authors: Bruce Rout
Comments: 6 pages

There has been some controversy over the validation of using the period/luminosity relationship of Cepheid variables to measure the distance to galaxies[2]. We present here a statistical analysis of distance variations for 21 galaxies between Cepheid variables and Roxy's Ruler. The analysis shows there is no systemic error in Measurements to galaxies using Cepheid variables and that such measurements are valid within well defined degrees of error.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[4] viXra:1007.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-30 15:46:42

Inertial Frame Error Discovery Derives Stellar Aberration and Paradox Free Special Relativity Via Huygens Principle.

Authors: Peter A Jackson, Richard K Nixey
Comments: 26 Pages. Updated version.

We identify an observer frame error which influenced physics at a critical time. Refraction due to relative media motion was considered from the incorrect inertial frame for Stellar Aberration by Lodge (1893) after Michelson's null result, giving a light path 'dragged' from the refractive plane normal by the incident medium.[1] But in the frame of the new medium (Earth) the light path refracts back towards the normal. Jones's (1970) spinning glass disk experiment inherited that wrong observer frame.[2] We find that using correct rotating observer frames is consistent with Special Relativity (SR) and that the error erroneously falsified the Stokes/Fresnel frame 'drag' theory supported by Michelsons finding, producing incorrect assumptions and paradox. We extend Young's experiment and consider the Huygens-Fresnel Principle,[3] wave/particle coupling, extinction, and shocks, finding quantum vacuum field implications. SR's postulates are confirmed but important domain limits emerge at Maxwell's near/far field transition zone. A quantum mechanism giving mutually exclusive hierarchical inertial systems derives SR. We find extra predictive powers, symmetries and the ability to resolve perceived paradox and anomalies. New perspectives on Stokes, Raman and beyond arise from a local reality model using Einstein's 1952 view that 'space' is actually; "infinitely many spaces in relative motion."
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[3] viXra:1007.0018 [pdf] submitted on 11 Jul 2010

An Equation that Changed the Universe: F-Bar = Mc2/R

Authors: Chun-Xuan Jiang
Comments: 14 pages

This paper explains the behavior of the entire universe from the smallest to the largest scales,found an equation that changed the universe: F-bar = -mc2/R, established the expansion theory of the universe without dark matter and dark energy, It shows that gravity is action-at-a-distance and that a gravitational wave is unobservable.Thus,a new universe model is suggested that the universe has a centre consisting of the tachyonic matter.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[2] viXra:1007.0008 [pdf] submitted on 7 Jul 2010

A "New and Simple Idea", Dark Matter-Energy and the Crisis in Physical Theory

Authors: Frederick E. Alzofon
Comments: 20 Pages.

Correction of an omission in A. Einstein's operational definitions of time and space intervals in the special theory of relativity leads to an improved phenomenological and conceptual foundation for a previously proposed unified field theory. In combination with Einstein's researches on the fluctuation in energy of black body radiation, there results a "new and simple idea" of the kind Professor Richard Feynman felt to be necessary for the solution of the cosmological constant problem. A brief description of the formalism of the theory is presented. The infinite zero-point energy of the vacuum is eliminated. A model for the origin of inertial mass and dark matter-energy is deduced. The resulting relation between observed matter and dark matter-energy leads to a restriction on their magnitudes. The magnitudes of the latter quantities are then estimated from astronomical data. A model is proposed for the origin of the gravitational field in terms of a dynamic process at the basis of the proposed theory. The success of the special theory of relativity in predicting the results of three crucial observations establishing the validity of the general theory of relativity and the elimination of the infinite vacuum energy suggest that the unified field theory can lead to a solution of the cosmological constant problem.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1] viXra:1007.0001 [pdf] submitted on 1 Jul 2010

Efecto Doppler, Transformaciones de Lorentz Y Dilatación Del Tiempo

Authors: Xavier Terri Castañé
Comments: 11 pages

It is generally considered that the Doppler effect, predicted by the theory of special relativity of Einstein, is an indirect proof for the correctness of the Lorentz transformations. In this article it appears the formula for the Doppler effect from the new relational transformations. We also study the relationship between the Doppler effect and the time dilation of Einstein's special relativity theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology