[9] **viXra:1007.0051 [pdf]**
*submitted on 29 Jul 2010*

**Authors:** Bertrand Wong

**Comments:** 14 pages

The Special Theory of Relativity postulates that the velocity of light
would always be invariant at 186,000 miles per second at all inertial
frames. The paper examines this aspect of the Theory.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1007.0044 [pdf]**
*submitted on 12 Jul 2010*

**Authors:** Raymond W Jensen

**Comments:** 19 pages, Presented at the SPESIF-2010 Conference at JHU Applied Physics lab in Feb. 2010

Using a three-particle entangled system (triple), it is possible in principle to transmit
signals faster than the speed of light from sender to receiver in the following manner:
From an emitter, for every triple, particles 1 and 2 are sent to the receiver and 3 to the
sender. The sender is given the choice of whether or not to measure polarization of
particle 3. Meanwhile the receiver measures particle correlation vs. relative polarization
angle for the polarizers of particles 1 and 2. The particle 1 and 2 correlation statistics
depend on whether or not particle 3 polarization was measured, instantaneously. This
dependence is a basis for faster-than-light communication.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1007.0043 [pdf]**
*submitted on 26 Jul 2010*

**Authors:** Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya, Mabedle Donald Ngobeni

**Comments:** 21 pages, 10 figures, 1 table.

Departing from the traditional case where one twin stays put while the other rockets into space, we consider
the case of identically accelerated twins. Both twins depart at uniform relativistic speeds in opposite directions for
a round trip from the Earth on their 21th birthday destined into space to some distant constellation that is a distance L_{0} in
the rest frame of the Earth. A "proper" application of the Special Theory of Relativity (STR) tells us that the Earth bound
observers will conclude that on the day of reunion, both twins must both have aged the same albeit their clocks (which where
initially synchronized with that of the Earth bound observers) will have registered a duration less than that registered by the
Earth bound observers. In the traditional twin paradox, it is argued that the stay at home twin will have aged more than
the traveling twin and the asymmetry is attributed to the fact that the travelling twin's frame of reference is not an inertial
reference frame during the periods of acceleration and deceleration making it illegal for the travelling twin to use the STR
in their frame, thus "resolving" the paradox. This same argument does not hold in the case considered here as both twins
will undergo identical experiences where each twin sees the other as the one that is in motion. This means, each twin must
conclude that the other twin is the one that is younger. They will conclude that their ages must be numerically different, thus
disagreeing with the Earth bound observers that their ages are the same. This leads us to a true paradox whose resolution is
found in the deduction that motion must be absolute. We provide a thought-experiment on how to measure absolute motion.
Through this thought-experiment, we extend the second postulate of the STR to include the direction of propagation of light,
namely that not only is the speed of light the same for all observers, but the direction of propagation as-well. Succinctly, the
speed of light along its direction of motion in the absolute frame of reference is the same for all observers in the Universe.
In an effort to try and resolve the symmetric twin paradox, we set-forth a relativistic aether model, which at best can be
described as the Special Theory of Relativity in Absolute Space. By recalibrating several experiments performed by other
researchers in the past, we find that the Earth's speed through the aether is in the range 240 ± 80 kms^{-1}.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1007.0038 [pdf]**
*submitted on 24 Jul 2010*

**Authors:** V.V. Demjanov

**Comments:** 11 pages

More than hundred years the opinion persists
that Michelson interferometer can not detect aether wind by
effects of first order with respect to the ratio *υ*/*c*. Below there will be shown
that the degenerations of the interfer-ometer's sensitivity to effects of first order can be lifted
changing the traditional configurations of the device. My experiment demonstrated that a two-media
device operating at effects of first order can reliably measure the shift of the interference fringe
(and thus the speed of "aether wind"), and much more successfully than by Michelson interferometer
operating at effects of second order. Unlike in the traditional approach, in the interferometer of
first order light rays (after splitting at semi-transparent plate) propagate in both orthogonal arms
to rebounding mirrors in a one optical medium (with the dielectric permittivity
ε_{1}), and return after reflection to a plate re-uniting them for
interference via another medium (with the dielectric permittivity ε_{2}).
The shift of interference fringe is reliably registered (in rotation of the interferometer by
90^{o}) even at gas light carrying pairs with arm's length up to 1 m. With this
the fringe shift appears to be proportional to *υ*/*c* and difference
ε_{1}–ε_{2}.

The experimental findings have been interpreted basing on
classical scheme of ray optics by two methods: 1) with the Fresnel model of dragging light by
moving optical medium neglecting terms quadratic in *υ*/*c* (including the
Lorentz contraction of the longitudinal to **v** arm as quadratic with respect to *υ*/*c*), 2)
with the classical theory of the frequency dispersion of moving dielectric media, supplemented by the accounting
classical and relativistic Doppler effects describing translatory motion (with velocity **v**) of particles of
interferometer light carriers in aether. From observations of the fringe shift on the interferometer of first order
with respect to *υ*/*c* there was found (at the latitude of Obninsk) the change of the horizontal
projection of the Earth's velocity relative to luminiferous aether in the limits 140<*υ*<480 km/s
depending on the local time of the day and night.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1007.0024 [pdf]**
*replaced on 19 Jul 2010*

**Authors:** Bruce Rout

**Comments:** 6 pages

There has been some controversy over the validation of using the
period/luminosity relationship of Cepheid variables to measure the
distance to galaxies[2]. We present here a statistical analysis of distance
variations for 21 galaxies between Cepheid variables and Roxy's Ruler.
The analysis shows there is no systemic error in Measurements to
galaxies using Cepheid variables and that such measurements are valid within
well defined degrees of error.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1007.0022 [pdf]**
*replaced on 16 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Peter Jackson, R K Nixey

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

We uncover an observer frame error which influenced physics at a critical time. Refraction due to
relative motion was considered from the wrong inertial frame, including by Lodge in his 1893 showing
a light path 'dragged' by the new medium[1] in his Stellar Aberration paper following Michelson's
null result. In the frame of the moving medium (Earth) the light path reverses, refracting towards
the normal. Jones's (1970) glass disks experiment used Lodge's observer frame.[2] We show that use
of the correct observer frame is essential for Special Relativity (SR), and how the error erroneously
disproved Stokes Ether Drag theory, which Michelson supported, engendering incorrect assumption and
paradox. We extend Young's experiment, and consider Huygens-Fresnel Principle,[3] wave/particle coupling,
scattering and implications on vacuum fields. Through extinction, bow shocks and FM, SR's postulates
are confirmed, but important clarifications emerge at Maxwell's field limits, allowing replacement of
an assumption with a quantum mechanism deriving SR, using mutually exclusive systems. We find extra
predictive powers, symmetries and the ability to resolve perceived paradox and anomalies. New
perspectives on Stokes, Raman and beyond arise from a local reality model using Einstein's 1952 view
that 'space' is actually; "infinitely many spaces in relative motion."

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1007.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 11 Jul 2010*

**Authors:** Chun-Xuan Jiang

**Comments:** 14 pages

This paper explains the behavior of the entire universe from the smallest to the largest
scales,found an equation that changed the universe: F-bar = -mc^{2}/R, established the
expansion theory of the universe without dark matter and dark energy, It shows that gravity
is action-at-a-distance and that a gravitational wave is unobservable.Thus,a new universe
model is suggested that the universe has a centre consisting of the tachyonic matter.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1007.0008 [pdf]**
*submitted on 7 Jul 2010*

**Authors:** Frederick E. Alzofon

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

Correction of an omission in A. Einstein's operational definitions of time and
space intervals in the special theory of relativity leads to an improved phenomenological
and conceptual foundation for a previously proposed unified field theory. In combination
with Einstein's researches on the fluctuation in energy of black body radiation, there results
a "new and simple idea" of the kind Professor Richard Feynman felt to be
necessary for the solution of the cosmological constant problem. A brief description of
the formalism of the theory is presented. The infinite zero-point energy of the vacuum
is eliminated. A model for the origin of inertial mass and dark matter-energy is deduced.
The resulting relation between observed matter and dark matter-energy leads to a restriction
on their magnitudes. The magnitudes of the latter quantities are then estimated
from astronomical data. A model is proposed for the origin of the gravitational field in
terms of a dynamic process at the basis of the proposed theory. The success of the special
theory of relativity in predicting the results of three crucial observations establishing
the validity of the general theory of relativity and the elimination of the infinite vacuum
energy suggest that the unified field theory can lead to a solution of the cosmological
constant problem.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1007.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 1 Jul 2010*

**Authors:** Xavier Terri Castañé

**Comments:** 11 pages

It is generally considered that the Doppler effect, predicted by the theory of
special relativity of Einstein, is an indirect proof for the correctness of the Lorentz
transformations. In this article it appears the formula for the Doppler effect from the new
relational transformations. We also study the relationship between the Doppler effect and the
time dilation of Einstein's special relativity theory.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology