[21] **viXra:1801.0204 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-18 02:55:26*

**Authors:** Edgars Alksnis

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Space gravity look more in line with early thougts of Newton.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[20] **viXra:1801.0199 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-17 09:08:32*

**Authors:** Steven Kenneth Kauffmann

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

The x-direction Galilean and Lorentz space-time transformations are both effectively two-dimensional matrix transformations, so a simple four-parameter general framework of which both are special cases is easily devised. Moreover, passing from the general space-time transformation to its velocity counterpart uniquely singles out one of those four parameters as the general transformation's intrinsic x-direction constant velocity. This allows the "principle of relativity" to be extended to such general transformations; it applies when the transformation's inversion is accomplished by reversing the sign of its intrinsic velocity. Both the Galilean and Lorentz transformations abide by the "principle of relativity", and the Galilean transformation in addition refrains from altering the time coordinate. The Michelson-Morley null result, however, motivates the Lorentz transformation to refrain from changing the speed of light, which is readily shown to be outright incompatible with transformation-invariant time. The Lorentz transformation's pairing of invariant light speed with the "relativity principle" is closely allied to its
preservation of the Minkowski quadratic form.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[19] **viXra:1801.0198 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-17 12:02:30*

**Authors:** Jayanta Majumder, Shikha Majumder, Sambuddha Majumder

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

This article presents a new interpretation of relativity whereby relativistic effects emerge as a result of rationing of Newtonian time into spatial and intrinsic motions. Unlike special theory of relativity, this theory does not need to postulate that speed of light (c) is constant for all reference frames. The constancy of speed of light emerges from more basic principles.
This theory postulates that :

** The speed of spatial motion of a particle is always c **

**
Spatial motion and intrinsic motion continuously, linearly, and symmetrically rubs into each other.
**

Postulate 1 seems reasonable because the Dirac model of electron already shows that the spatial speed of intrinsic degrees of freedom of an electron is always c. If the spatial speed was anything other than c then time-sharing between spatial and intrinsic motions would have entailed repeated cycles of high accelerations and deccelerations. Postulate 2 is also reasonable because it is the simplest and most symmetric way for the spatial and intrinsic time-shares to co-evolve in time.
An observer's physical measure of time is entirely encoded by its intrinsic motions. This is the relativistic time. The time spent in spatial motion does not cause any change of the particle's internal state, and therefore does not contribute to measurable time.

Speed of light is constant regardless of the speed of the observer because light advances with respect the observer only for the duration of its intrinsic motion (i.e. during the relativistic time). During spatial motion, the observer moves with the light. Consequently the spatial advance of light divided by the relativistic time (i.e. the observed relative speed) is always c. Hence constancy of speed of light, which is a postulate for Einstein's relativity, is a deduced result here.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[18] **viXra:1801.0176 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-15 06:26:44*

**Authors:** Michael Tzoumpas

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The explanation of Michelson-Morley experiment is based on both actual and apparent reduction (equal) of light speed. The actual reduction of light speed happens only when the light is transmitted on moving material systems, on which the cohesive pressure of the proximal space is reduced. The apparent reduction of
light speed happens due to the aberration of light, which can be used as a detection criterion of the absolute motion. Lorentz factor of special relativity is the tool for the mathematical expression of the problem that had arisen from the Michelson-Morley
experiment. Of course, the time dilation was an ingenious and pioneering idea, which
has been accepted, ignoring, though, the real cause of the slowing of the moving clock,
i.e. the phenomenon of motion. However, this same reduction factor appears as
well in the unified theory of dynamic space with the Galilean transformations, by
calculating the actual reduction of the light speed on moving material systems, not
based on the second postulate of relativity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:1801.0172 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-15 12:13:07*

**Authors:** Lex Neale

**Comments:** 30 Pages.

Integral Relativity, as an extension of General Relativity, Special Relativity and Advanced Relativity, has four proposed Tenets: (1) The Equation of Energy with Awareness; (2) The Conservation of Awareness; (3) The Continuum of Energy, Consciousness, Mind and Matter via the Kosmic Constant; (4) The Integral Relativity between Observers and the Observed in Hilbert Spaces as specified Frequency Domains. It is corroborated by the Observer Effect in all the related double slit and interferometer experiments, most notably those of Dean Radin’s Sigma 5.7 rated results (2016); by the Unified Spacememory Network, modeled by Nassim Haramein and William Brown (2016); by Elizabeth Rauscher’s Complex Eight Dimensional Model of Minkowsky Space; and is modeled by an extension of Ken Wilber’s All Quadrants, All Levels (AQAL) Integral model called the “AQAL Cube” (Neale, 2011), which correlates non- physical existence with physical existence.
Integral Relativity predicts that the Observer and observed are a mutually inclusive Consciousness/Mind/Energy/Matter continuum. We propose that the terms Consciousness and Mind be no longer used synonymously in the scientific community, but differentiated as an integral Awareness/Energy continuum between Hilbert Spaces, where Consciousness is non-local or Subtle awareness, and Mind is its correlated local or Concrete awareness and means of en-action.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[16] **viXra:1801.0170 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-14 17:26:03*

**Authors:** Szostek Karol, Szostek Roman

**Comments:** 16 Pages. The new physical theory called the Special Theory of Ether (in Russian).

Широко распространено мнение, что эксперименты Майкельсона-Морли с 1887 года и эксперимент Кеннеди-Торндайка с 1932 года показали, что нет универсальной системы отсчета (эфир) и что скорость света в вакууме абсолютно постоянна. Анализ этих экспериментов привел к созданию Специальной Теории Относительности (СТО).
В статье объясняется, почему с помощью экспериментов Майкельсона-Морли и Кеннеди-Торндайка не могла быть обнаружена универсальная система отсчета.
Кроме того, в этой статье мы выводим на основе геометрического анализа экспериментов Майкельсона-Морли и Кеннеди-Торндайка другое преобразование координат и времени, чем преобразование Лоренца. Мы выводим преобразование, предполагая, что существует универсальная система отсчета (universal frame of reference - UFR, эфир). UFR является системой отсчета, которая отличается тем, что скорость света в ней постоянна в любом направлении. В инерциальных системах отсчета, движущихся относительно UFR, скорость света может быть разной.
В статье мы получаем формулу для относительной скорости и формулы для максимальной и минимальной скорости света, которая может быть измерена в инерциальной системе. В конце, используя представленную теорию, объясняется явление анизотропии микроволнового фонового излучения. Согласно модели кинематики тел, представленной в этой статье, аберрация микроволнового фонового излучения для наблюдателя, движущегося относительно UFR, обусловлена эффектом Доплера.
Вся статья содержит только оригинальные исследования авторов публикации.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:1801.0169 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-14 17:34:44*

**Authors:** Szostek Karol, Szostek Roman

**Comments:** 24 Pages. There are many dynamics in STR, and not one, it is believed. (in Russian)

В статье представлен наш новаторский метод вывода многочисленных динамик в Специальной Теории Относительности. Этот метод позволяет выводить бесконечно много динамик в релятивистской механике. Мы показали пять примеров таких выводов. Таким образом, мы доказали, что динамика, известная сегодня как динамика Специальной Теории Относительности, является только одной из бесконечно многих возможных. Также нет никаких оснований, ни по экспериментальным, ни по теоретическим причинам, чтобы считать эту, действующую релятивистскую динамику, исключительной. В связи с этим решение, какая из возможных динамик релятивистской механики является правильной, остаётся открытой проблемой физики.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:1801.0144 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-13 04:48:12*

**Authors:** Karan R.Takkhi

**Comments:** 3 pages, 1 figure

Dark energy, a mysterious and unknown form of energy is rightfully considered as the reason for causing the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Universe expanding at an accelerated rate instead of slowing down or even coming to a stop seems extremely uncanny. In this paper I present a theory/model as an alternative to dark energy in order to explain the mysterious accelerated expansion of the Universe. According to this theory/model, the large-scale structures are receding away from each other at an accelerated rate instead of space undergoing accelerated expansion. The reason why a cosmic structure recedes into the cosmic wilderness has also been unravelled in this paper.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1801.0134 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-11 22:19:15*

**Authors:** Robert Bennett

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Abstract
Newton’s Bucket has been an enigma since being published in the Principia in 1687.
It was the source of debate between Newton’s absolute space and Ernst Mach’s concept of relative rotation with respect to distant objects.
Wikipedia’s rendition of the Bucket argument provides no solution but just confusion by ignoring some basic facts which will be pointed out in the detailed edits below.
•Relativity is assumed true instead of being proven true
•Kinematics and dynamics are not distinguished
•Arguing against discarded theories is pointless
•Switching reference frames during observations is fatal
•Missing the crucial role of the lab frame
•Fictitious forces are symbols of fictitious physics.
The key is to recognize that:
water at rest in the bucket frame => no rotation => no centrifugal force => no covariance => laws of dynamics are invalid in a non-lab frame.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1801.0126 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-10 13:03:11*

**Authors:** Jorge Martinez Fernandez

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

The purpose of this article is to present a new
cosmological model, based on the union of the Wilhelm
De Sitter Model applying the equations of the Russian
physicist Anatoli Logunov in the Relativistic Theory of
Gravitation (TRG).
The general ideas of the Relativistic Theory of Gravitation
(GRT) are based on the ideas of Poincaré, Minkowski,
Einstein and Hilbert, all within the framework of Special
Relativity (SR).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1801.0110 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-10 01:09:16*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 221 Pages. This book is distributed freely. Published by the Second Coming Institute, www.sci4God.com

This book is a compilation of some rather old papers and some new papers, by myself and also Prof. Florentin Smarandache. In some papers, we also join working with other colleagues, e.g. Dr. Volodymyr Krasnoholovets from IOP Ukraine, and Dr. Yunita Umniyati.
This compilation is inspired from a series of prophetic seminars by Rev. Jan Friso from Kingdom Impact , and also a discussion with Minister Dr. Robby Chandra.
All in all, we are also grateful to a number of colleagues, including Prof. Thee Houw Liong, Prof. Liek Wilardjo, Prof. Atmonobudi Soebagyo, Dr. David Widihandojo, Sujarwo Silas & Linda, Dr. Wonsuk Ma, Minister Gatut Budiyono, Minister Gani Wiyono, Dr. Yonky Karman, Dr. Joas Adiprasetya, Dr. Paskalis Edwin Nyoman Paska, Minister Yulia Oeniyati, Prof. Akira Kanda, Dr. Carmen Wrede, Mrs. Hiroko Morioka, Prof. Jose Carlos Tiago Oliveira and Prof. Gusto Gadama, and many others, who often encouraged and reminded us to keep on being faithful Christians in this darkness time.
As a last note, we also thank to Holy Spirit who always guide us in our way, especially whenever we were lost of our path to find the truth. That is why this book with title: Let The Wind blows is dedicated to Holy Spirit. Let us pray that the Holy Spirit will be poured once again in our time, as prophesied by Joel.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1801.0108 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-10 02:32:19*

**Authors:** Eric Su

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

A moving object in one inertial reference frame always moves at a different speed in another
inertial reference frame. To determine this different speed, a temporary acceleration
is applied to a duplicate of the first inertial reference frame in order to match
the second inertial reference frame. The velocity transformation between two inertial
reference frames is precisely derived based on the applied acceleration. The result shows that
velocity transformation depends solely on the relative motion between inertial
reference frames. Velocity transformation is independent of the speed of light.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1801.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-07 12:04:26*

**Authors:** Sergio Garcia Chimeno

**Comments:** 10 Pages. Comments welcome

Demonstration how to obtain the Einstein Field Equations without using the Stress-Energy Tensor, without using the Bianchi Identities and without using the Energy Conservation to obtain it.
Demonstration how to obtain the Einstein Field Equations only using the Gauss Curvature and the zoom universe model characteristics.
Gravity in zoom universe model.
Sphere and Hypersphere example to understand it better.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1801.0077 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-01-10 02:18:28*

**Authors:** Peter C Morris

**Comments:** 11 Pages, 11 Figures

We have obtained new evidence for dynamical space by applying correlation analysis to a year of data from a Random Event Generator (REG) device located in Perth, Australia and from another in Muenster, Germany, recorded between July 1, 2012 and June 30, 2013. The results obtained are consistent with results obtained earlier by applying the same analysis to data obtained from a REG located in Manchester UK and the REG in Perth. Consequently evidence for dynamical space is mounting.
For each day we applied correlation analysis to determine travel times for putative waves. Then wave speed and direction, over each 24 hour period, were determined by fitting to the observed travel times, theoretical curves of how travel times would vary with Earth rotation. We thereby derived an average incoming RA, declination and speed for the waves of each day.
A probability density plot of the incoming directions exhibited a peak near RA = 4.5 h, consistent with previous determinations of incoming 3-space flow direction by Cahill and Dayton Miller. Moreover, removing Earth orbital and gravitational inflow velocities from the observed velocities allowed a peak of higher density to be obtained, which is consistent with predictions of Dynamical 3-Space theory. The peak indicated a most probable average galactic flow direction of RA = 4.49 h, dec = -80.4 deg, and wave speed of 508 km/s.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1801.0046 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-04 20:47:43*

**Authors:** Hanna Edwards

**Comments:** Pages. Formal publication (Results in Physics, 2017): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rinp.2017.09.053 ; Audio-slides: https://youtu.be/mFgYrEj28Es

The present manuscript aims to clarify why motion causes matter to age slower in a comparable sense, and how this relates to relativistic effects caused by motion. A fresh analysis of motion, build on first axiom, delivers proof with its result, from which significant new understanding and computational power is gained.
A review of experimental results demonstrates, that unaccelerated motion causes matter to age slower in a comparable, observer independent sense. Whilst focusing on this absolute effect, the present manuscript clarifies its context to relativistic effects, detailing their relationship and incorporating both into one consistent picture. The presented theoretical results make new predictions and are testable through suggested experiment of a novel nature. The manuscript finally arrives at an experimental tool and methodology, which as far as motion in ungravitated space is concerned or gravity appreciated, enables us to find the absolute observer independent picture of reality, which is reflected in the comparable display of atomic clocks.
The discussion of the theoretical results, derives a physical causal understanding of gravity, a mathematical formulation of which, will be presented.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1801.0044 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-05 04:47:03*

**Authors:** Xavier Terri Castañé

**Comments:** 87 Pages.

About Time and Relativity

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1801.0040 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-01-04 11:44:23*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 36 Pages.

This consciousness theory of everything (TOE) also called Quantum FFF Theory, (FFF = Function Follows Form) is a semi classical theory.
Quantum FFF Theory is a semi classical theory because it describes reality by the real collision and shape transformation processes of real sub quantum rigid stringy fully entangled particles.
Each particle is supposed to be entangled with 8 or 12 CP symmetric particles located inside 8 or 12 universal bubbles at long distance.
Those particles are supposed to be based on only one original transformable ring shaped massless virgin particle called the Axion/Higgs particle assumed to be the product of the symmetric cyclic big bang nucleus as the creation of a limited symmetrical multiverse equipped with an even number of material and anti material universal bubbles.
The Q-FFF theory is called Semi classical because in addition to the ring shaped transformable rigid string particles, all universal bubbles are assumed to be each others Charge Parity (CP) mirror symmetric universal bubbles which are assumed to be instant entangled down to each individual string particle created out of the Axion Higgs splitting cold Big Bang.
The sheer simplicity of such a system is perhaps the reason that I could not find comparable proposals for theories of everything.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1801.0020 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-02 12:24:50*

**Authors:** Walter Orlov

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

The Lorentz transformations rotate the vectors of the electric and magnetic fields referring
to the current position of the source. But there is no physical basis for this.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1801.0007 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-01 18:49:13*

**Authors:** Azzam Almosallami

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

In this paper, I’ll propose an exact solution for the Pioneer anomaly and the flyby
anomaly. My solution interprets inertia from an asymmetric Casimir effect, and it
interprets why inertial is related to Unruh effect and a Hubble-scale Casimir effect. My
solution of the Pioneer anomaly and the flyby anomaly is depending on my new
transformation and my equivalence principle. According to my transformation, the
reality is observer dependent as a result of translating the retardation according to the
invariance by the entanglement which is leading to the wave-particle duality and the
uncertainty principle by the vacuum fluctuation. In this case by translating the
retardation according to my transformation, it is resulted the relativistic ether as
observer dependent, and thus in this case the reality in my transformation is observer
dependent. This relativistic ether is not classical, but it is depending on the energy of
the vacuum by translating the retardation according to my transformation. My
transformation expresses about field by the vacuum fluctuation, and that explains also
why field is observer dependent, and that explains also why Unruh effect is observer
dependent.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1801.0004 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-02 00:38:54*

**Authors:** Dan Ivan

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Distances are the result of sensory perception. Physics is based on images created by us through observation and transmitted for mathematical or experimental confirmations. In modern physics and cosmology, what could not be noticed, being below or above the limit of observation of our instruments, are simple hypotheses that mathematical sciences have to confirm. We evaluate the cosmic space in terms of objects, bodies and particles, dividing the universe into the macrocosm and microcosm and establishing absolute results for relative distances, which is illogical.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1801.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-01-01 11:37:54*

**Authors:** A.Hughmann

**Comments:** 4 Pages

Abstract We previously demonstrated that it is possible to describe the Gravitational Constant in terms of a simple mathematical function and in this paper we examine the first order consequences of that fact. We demonstrate that we can successfully model gravitational acceleration, escape velocity and the Schwarzchild radius without employing the Gravitational Constant or indeed any requirement for an external force. We conclude that Gravity is entirely an effect of the presence of mass, and that the applicable quantity of Gravity is directly proportional to both the quantity and density of local mass.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology