[40] **viXra:1410.0209 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-31 14:47:26*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies.
In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[39] **viXra:1410.0196 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-11-03 03:19:13*

**Authors:** Rodney Bartlett

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

This article now addresses the cosmic microwave background (addressing clumpiness and temperature concerns preventing its dissociation from the big bang). Cosmic inflation is the exponential expansion of space in the early universe. The inflationary epoch lasted from 10^−36 seconds after the Big Bang to sometime between 10^−33 and 10^−32 seconds. Following the inflationary period, the universe continues to expand, but at a less accelerated rate. The inflationary hypothesis was developed in the 1980s by physicists Alan Guth and Andrei Linde. It says that, when viewed at scales of billions of light years, the universe is unified to near-uniform temperature and curvature by the whole cosmos having once been small enough for everything to be in contact, then undergoing extremely rapid expansion from a big bang during a period called inflation. If the Big Bang never happened, would the theory of inflation be needed for any reason? Personally, I don't believe the Big Bang happened – and this is why the world doesn’t need any Big Bang(s) or inflation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[38] **viXra:1410.0194 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-11-08 18:34:20*

**Authors:** D. Chakalov

**Comments:** 44 Pages. Dedicated to the centenary of Einstein's General Relativity. vD: Text expanded and references added.

Ensuing from first principles, a new theory of spacetime has been suggested, called 'relative scale spacetime'. It denounces the absolute size of objects at different length scales, thanks to which the phenomena known as quantum state ("just in the middle between possibility and reality", Heisenberg) and Einstein's "total field of as yet unknown structure" are unified as potential reality of quantum-gravitational origin (dubbed causal field), endowed with relative-scale metric. At macroscopic scale, it produces what is known as gravitation, without any dark matter nor dark energy.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[37] **viXra:1410.0192 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-11-09 14:16:52*

**Authors:** Jaroslav Hynecek

**Comments:** 5 Pages. none

In this paper it is shown that the well-publicized claim about the Special Relativity Theory, which states that it is not possible, using only arguments contained within the theory, to detect an absolute motion. This is one of the fundamental conclusions of the theory and it is usually considered in connection with the so called Clock Paradox or the Twins’ Paradox. There have been many papers published on this topic with the various proposed resolutions, however, the controversy related to these paradoxes continues to this day. This paper will clearly show that the resolution of the Clock Paradox is related to the clock synchronization procedure and that by introducing an absolute reference frame the paradox can be simply resolved. In addition it will be shown that it is possible to detect the absolute motion of particular reference frames relative to this absolute reference frame.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[36] **viXra:1410.0184 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-28 10:22:16*

**Authors:** Yang-Ho Choi

**Comments:** 34 Pages.

The Sagnac effect could not have been exactly explained with consistency under the theory of special relativity (TSR). The conundrum of TSR has been completely solved fully in the relativistic context. Special relativity is reformulated without the postulates of the relativity principle and the light velocity constancy, employing a complex Euclidean space (CES), which is an extension of Euclidean space from the real number to the complex number. In the reformulation, the relativity in the representation and the light velocity constancy are obtained as properties that isotropic space-time spaces have. The coordinate systems each have perpendicular axes in CES and the relativistic transformation has the form of rotation. These characteristics of the formulation pave the way for the relativistic approach to circular motion. The relativistic transformation from the inertial frame to the circular frame is shown to have the same representation as that from the circular to the inertial, which implies that circular motions can be described relative to linear motions and vice versa. The difference between the arrival times of two light beams in the Sagnac experiment can be exactly found by the circular approach presented, which shows that the non-relativistic and relativistic analysis results are the same within a first order approximation. The circular approach can also be applied to the analysis of the Hafele–Keating (HK) experiment. The analysis of Hafele and Keating appears to exploit the results of this paper, though circular motions were treated as liner motions. The relativistic approach for circular motion, which is formulated without any postulates, can lead to propound understanding of relativity and true space-time spaces. These issues are examined.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[35] **viXra:1410.0182 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-28 05:46:57*

**Authors:** Dmitri Martila

**Comments:** 3 Pages. copyrighted paper

I present objections against the statement of the popular press ``Big Bang was not, and black holes do not exist - proved mathematically''. Sadly, but this was deduced from Houghton paper, which has different value.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[34] **viXra:1410.0175 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-27 10:58:33*

**Authors:** V.B. Smolenskii

**Comments:** 10 Pages. eng+rus

in the article, within the Pi-Theory of fundamental physical constants, the theoretical basis and experimental evidence of the author's perspective on the mechanism of the process is exactly the evolution of the Universe, and not the dynamics of the process of changing its parameters. Given the formula for the criterion of the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations earth group that significantly narrow your search protein intelligent life on exoplanets.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[33] **viXra:1410.0173 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-27 12:00:49*

**Authors:** Christian Corda

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In Int. Journ. Mod. Phys. D 14, 181 (2005) Khriplovich verbatim claims that “the correspondence principle does not dictate any relation between the asymptotics of quasinormal modes and the spectrum of quantized black holes” and that “this belief is in conflict with simple physical arguments”. In this paper we stress that Khriplovich's criticisms work only for the original proposal by Hod, while they do not work for the improvements suggested by Maggiore and recently finalized by the author and collaborators through a connection between Hawking radiation and black hole (BH) quasi-normal modes (QNMs). Thus, QNMs can be really interpreted as BH quantum levels.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[32] **viXra:1410.0161 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-10-26 10:02:30*

**Authors:** Omar A.H. Shabsigh

**Comments:** Number of pages including title page

This article discusses the upper limit imposed on the speed of traveling of any mass as being the speed of light in vacuum. The article shows, based on the results of Special Relativity, that such a limit does not exist. Speeds Beyond Speed of Light (BSOL) are possible. .

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[31] **viXra:1410.0154 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-01-14 15:20:28*

**Authors:** Hans Detlef Hüttenbach

**Comments:** 4 Pages. Misspellings corrected

It will be proven that Klein-Gordon and Dirac equation, when deﬁned on an F-space of distributions, have the same set of solutions, which makes the two equations equivalent on that vector space of distributions. Some consequences of this for quantum ﬁeld theory are shortly
discussed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[30] **viXra:1410.0153 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-11-03 20:04:54*

**Authors:** Reginald t Cahill

**Comments:** 4 Pages. Published version

Botermann, {\it et al.} in {\it Test of Time Dilation Using Stored Li$^+$ Ions as Clocks at Relativistic Speed},
{\it Physical Review Letters}, 2014, 113, 120405, reported results from an Ives-Stilwell-type time dilation experiment using $Li^+$ ions at speed 0.338c in the ESR storage ring at Darmstadt, and concluded that the data verifies the Special Relativity time dilation effect. However numerous other experiments have shown that it is only neo-Lorentz Relativity that accounts for all data, and all detect a 3-space speed $V\approx 470$km/s essentially from the south. Here we show that the ESR data confirms both Special Relativity and neo-Lorentz Relativity, but that a proposed different re-analysis of the ESR data should enable a test that could distinguish between these two theories.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[29] **viXra:1410.0150 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-23 10:56:48*

**Authors:** Antonio A. Colella

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The prevailing cosmology theory “The Ultimate Free Lunch” satisfies only the third of three laws of physics. The three laws are: Conservation of Energy/Mass, Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Since a new cosmology theory “An Integrated Theory of Everything (TOE)” satisfies all three laws, it should replace “The Ultimate Free Lunch” theory.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[28] **viXra:1410.0137 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-23 03:24:03*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

This is the transcript of an interview [1] in which it is explained that the BICEP2 telescope located at the South Pole did not detect anything other than galactic noise. Despite reports with great fanfare, BICEP2 did not detect the signatures of Einstein gravitational waves or an inflationary epoch in some big bang expanding universe. The reports by the BICEP2 Team that they detected evidence for some big bang cosmology are demonstrably false.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[27] **viXra:1410.0133 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-11-29 08:32:36*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 11 Pages. Published in Evolving Trends in Engineering and Technology, Vol. 3, pp. 11-18, Dec. 2014

We calculate in this article an exact theoretical value obtained classically for the secular precession of the perihelion of Mercury, followed by the theory of Stockwell, based on planetary theory of Laplace, your Mécanique Céleste: found 5600’’,84 of arc per century for the angular velocity of the longitude of the perihelion of Mercury, dw/dt, adding to the precession of the equinoxes of the Earth relative to the beginning of the year 1850, as calculated by Stockwell.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[26] **viXra:1410.0118 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-20 09:24:53*

**Authors:** Valentin Ibañez Fernandez, Ibanees - Fernandes Valenitin Arnaledovich

**Comments:** 11page

We present the interpretation of the effect of G. Sagnac and provides a historical overview of the development of treatments of this experiment wich affected all subsequent development of the special theory of relativity and other areas.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[25] **viXra:1410.0117 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-20 09:30:44*

**Authors:** Valentin Ibañez Fernandez, Ibanees - Fernandes Valenitin Arnaledovich

**Comments:** 9 page

In this paper, we propose a new theory of special relativity and its fundamental principles such as the principle of covariance and symmetry and transformation systems.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[24] **viXra:1410.0116 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-20 09:37:06*

**Authors:** Valentin Ibañez Fernandez, Ibanees - Fernandes Valenitin Arnaledovich

**Comments:** 8 page

The manuscript presents a new ELECTRODYNAMICS of special theory of relativity. In the present paper we find the physical principles of moving systems. This theory shows that the physical quantity τ does not exist in moving system. The time of the system don’t depend of the speed of the system. The process of propagation of the electromagnetic field in a vacuum, we describe how the classical electromagnetic process.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[23] **viXra:1410.0110 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-19 10:34:29*

**Authors:** Fernando Loup

**Comments:** 35 Pages. develops the Puthoff analysis published in the Journal of British Interplanetary Society.Vol.63.pgs 82-89.2010,arXiv:1204.2184 for the Natario warp drive arXiv gr-qc/0110086

Warp Drives are solutions of the Einstein Field Equations that
allows superluminal travel within the framework of General
Relativity. There are at the present moment two known solutions:
The Alcubierre warp drive discovered in $1994$ and the Natario
warp drive discovered in $2001$. However the major drawback
concerning warp drives is the huge amount of negative energy
density able to sustain the warp bubble.In order to perform an
interstellar space travel to a "nearby" star at $20$ light-years
away in a reasonable amount of time a ship must attain a speed of
about $200$ times faster than light.However the negative energy
density at such a speed is directly proportional to the factor
$10^{48}$ which is $1.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000$ times
bigger in magnitude than the mass of the planet Earth!!. With the
correct form of the shape function the Natario warp drive can
overcome this obstacle at least in theory.Other drawbacks that
affects the warp drive geometry are the collisions with hazardous
interstellar matter(asteroids,comets,interstellar dust etc)that
will unavoidably occurs when a ship travels at superluminal speeds
and the problem of the Horizons(causally disconnected portions of
spacetime).The geometrical features of the Natario warp drive are
the required ones to overcome these obstacles also at least in
theory.
\newline
Some years ago the American physicist Harold Puthoff published a
very interesting work in the Journal of the British Interplanetary
Society.He theorized about the possibility of the modification of
the spacetime geometry by arbitrary advanced civilizations able to
generate the so-called metric engineering and such a modification
would be supposed to "allow" the propulsion of spaceships at
superluminal velocities.However Puthoff used only diagonalized
metrics for his analysis and he even quotes the Schwarzschild
metric.In this work we reproduce the Puthoff analysis for the
Natario warp drive spacetime and due to the fact that the Natario
warp drive is a non-diagonalized metric due to the presence of
both the shift and Natario vectors our results are different than
the ones obtained by Puthoff.However his idea of a spacetime
metric engineering able to distort the spacetime geometry
"allowing" superluminal interstellar spaceflight is perfectly
possible.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[22] **viXra:1410.0103 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-10-25 13:11:31*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun’s core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[21] **viXra:1410.0101 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-18 02:47:28*

**Authors:** Valentin Ibañez Fernandez

**Comments:** 29 Pages. 29P.

The abstract
The new special theory of relativity is given in work. It gives the new ideas of the processes occurring in systems of movement . In it is developed the new universal transformation for classical mechanics and electrodynamics. All experimental practice of the wide range of moving systems shows the integrity of the findings in this work.
The postulate which the potential energy of the moving system depends on its velocity with the conservation law of energy of the moving system are sufficient enough to achieve a consistent theory of special relativity with only absolute time.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[20] **viXra:1410.0095 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-10-20 07:02:29*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

We present in this first part of the article a summary of the theories of Le Verrier, Stockwell and Laplace on the secular precession of the perihelion of the planets, especially Mercury, leaving part 2 a review of the theory of Mercury from Le Verrier, comments Newcomb on anomalies of Mercury and a description of how the observed values were obtained by Clemence, important reference cited by Weinberg. Also shown is one more hypothesis for the precession of the perihelion of Mercury, a decrease in the mass of the Sun, rather than an increase in the mass of the planets, similar to what has been done with the assumption of the solar wind. This new assumption, however, appears to be unnecessary before most important fact here presented. An exact theoretical value was classically obtained following the theory of Stockwell, based on planetary theory of Laplace, your Mécanique Céleste: we find 5600'',84 of arc per century for the angular velocity of the longitude of the perihelion of Mercury, dw/dt, adding the precession of the equinoxes of the Earth relative to the beginning of the year 1850, as calculated by Stockwell.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[19] **viXra:1410.0094 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-04-07 12:54:38*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[18] **viXra:1410.0091 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-11-25 07:38:44*

**Authors:** Peter H. Michalicka

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The curvature of the space is the Gravitational Constant G.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:1410.0088 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-16 11:34:12*

**Authors:** Alexander N. Balatsky

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

The radius of a void particle is proposed as a basic invariant scale of the universe; analytically defined, this invariant allows us to reveal: (i) an analytical relation describing the interaction of fundamental forces of nature on both quantum and cosmological scales; (ii) the analytical form and cosmological meaning of the fine structure constant; (iii) the origin of time, and the role of gravity as regards entropy dissipation. On the basis of the latter claim, it is argued that inevitable entropy growth does not necessarily result in ultimate chaos.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[16] **viXra:1410.0086 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-16 12:17:13*

**Authors:** Dmitri Martila

**Comments:** 1 Page. do review; I am author in Physical Review

Perhaps is found mistake in most reputable journal (after the "Nature"), therefore the Doomsday can be more far away. Objection "there is Dark Matter, so General Relativity is wrong" is rejected in "Dmitri Martila, "Simplest Explanation of Dark Matter and Dark Energy", LAP LAMBERT, 2013.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:1410.0080 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-14 16:22:37*

**Authors:** Paris S. Miles-Brenden

**Comments:** 27 Pages. Rough finalized draft of paper.

There exist scales in the descriptions of both quantum mechanics and general relativity. For instance there is the quantity hbar in quantum mechanics and the quantity c in special and general relativity. The general invariance of these quantities is important to the given theories, as it sets a scale for physics.
It is hypothesized that general relativity and quantum mechanics possess mutually independent, covariant representations with these quantities setting scales of evolution. In spaces of constant curvature, particles in inertial freefall either separate or come together as an aspect of these scales and the given energy momentum in quantum mechanics and general relativity. This topic is discussed in the context
of inertial eigenstates for a system with a background spin field. This results in a generally covariant like behavior of the electromagnetic interaction, which has properties analogous to a gravitational system. The implication of this is the appearance of a gap to excitations and other features strongly related to
superconductivity, as well as features appropriate to the treatment of separation of two hydrogen atoms in space and time. It is shown that a flat apparently expanding space is a consequence of these contributions, and that an energy momentum gap is predicted from this theory.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:1410.0073 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-13 23:20:45*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

This article is the transcript of the audio-visual presentation titled ‘Wormholes: Science Fiction or Pure Fantasy?’ [7] prior to Hollywood’s release of the movie ‘Interstellar’, the plot of which involves astronauts travelling through a wormhole to save the Human Race. It is explained in simply terms why the wormhole has no relation to reality, just as the black hole has no relation to reality.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1410.0067 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-13 08:51:55*

**Authors:** John Malcolm Newell

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Successful repeats of Roger Shawyer’s emdrive experiment, originally conducted at SPR Ltd. in the UK, present General Relativity with a paradox of action without equal and opposite reaction. The results from this experiment will find their simplest explanation in Mach’s Principal if we can resolve the interaction between electrical conduction in its reflectors and acceleration of remote charges. Special Relativity establishes that the emission and absorption of a photon occurs when those events are synchronous in complex time. Photons exist as independent entities from a point perspective in real time but from the covariant perspective they are not separate from the matter emitting and absorbing their energy. This allows the possibility that Shawyer’s emdrive may be gaining traction from the remote universe by induction.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1410.0063 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-12 20:37:52*

**Authors:** Mueiz Gafer KamalEldeen

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

It is shown that the assumption that the rate at which our clocks are running is decreasing with the cosmological time in a universe with steady expansion rate is preferable to the assumption of the accelerating expansion of the universe.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1410.0062 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-01-22 01:14:09*

**Authors:** Christian Corda

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

A historical experiment by Kündig on the transverse Doppler shift in a rotating system measured with the Mössbauer effect (Mössbauer rotor experiment) has been recently first re-analyzed and then replied by an experimental research group. The results of re-analyzing the experiment have shown that a correct re-processing of Kündig's experimental data gives an interesting deviation of a relative redshift between emission and absorption resonant lines from the standard prediction based on the relativistic dilatation of time. That prediction gives a redshift \frac{\nabla E}{E}\simeq-\frac{1}{2}\frac{v^{2}}{c^{2}}
where v
is the tangential velocity of the absorber of resonant radiation, c
is the velocity of light in vacuum and the result is given to the accuracy of first-order in \frac{v^{2}}{c^{2}}
. Data re-processing gave \frac{\nabla E}{E}\simeq-k\frac{v^{2}}{c^{2}}
with k=0.596\pm0.006
. Subsequent new experimental results by the reply of Kündig experiment have shown a redshift with k=0.68\pm0.03
instead.
Abstract By using Einstein Equivalence Principle, which states the equivalence between the gravitational "force" and the pseudo-force experienced by an observer in a non-inertial frame of reference (included a rotating frame of reference) here we re-analyze the theoretical framework of Mössbauer rotor experiments directly in the rotating frame of reference by using a general relativistic treatment. It will be shown that previous analyses missed an important effect of clock synchronization and that the correct general relativistic prevision in the rotating frame gives k\simeq\frac{2}{3}
in perfect agreement with the new experimental results. Such an effect of clock synchronization has been missed in various papers in the literature with some subsequent claim of invalidity of relativity theory and/or some attempts to explain the experimental results through “exotic” effects. Our general relativistic interpretation shows, instead, that the new experimental results of the Mössbauer rotor experiment are a new, strong and independent, proof of Einstein general relativity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1410.0051 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-10-14 08:56:01*

**Authors:** Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Fortunately I found the classical proof of the unexplained precession of the perihelion of Mercury.
It is completely given by the Laplace theory, the same used by Stockwell, but with current values of the planetary masses, added to the satellites, and a calculation in longer series, done by computer. That is, recalculated the coefficients (0, k) e [0, k] and used the coefficients of adjustments mass.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1410.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-10 22:19:00*

**Authors:** Ramzi Suleiman

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

This short note posits the indisputable physical law prescribing that distance = velocity x time, and shows that this proposition contradicts Special Relativity, such that the above proposition is correct and Special Relativity is incorrect, or vice versa.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1410.0034 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-07 17:39:11*

**Authors:** Mueiz Gafer KamalEldeen

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The method of physical analogy is used to generate general explanations to the structure of the universe.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1410.0032 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-10-29 17:27:27*

**Authors:** D. G. Taylor

**Comments:** 48 Pages.

This is a table confirming the equations in "The Relativistic Space-Time Perspective" at |http://vixra.org/abs/1306.0104|
The table examines 39 velocity values, ranging from |1.000~000E-500| m/s to
c-|1.000~000E-500| m/s, all calculated to 2000 decimal places .
velocitySRPD = velocitynoSRPD/(1- velocitynoSRPD^2/ c^2)^½
velocitynoSRPD = velocitySRPD/(1+ velocitySRPD^2/ c^2)^½
This table is for Relativistic Velocity values only, but they are completely applicable for the Relativistic Length, Time, and Mass equations as well. Tables on those equations are available on request. The occasional tiny difference between the VelocitynoSRPD (the velocity with no Relativistic Distortion) and the VelocitynoSRPDBack (the “Real||noSRPD” velocity calculated from the distorted VelocitySRPD) is simply due to irrational numbers (like square roots). You can never determine a value like 2½ exactly because it is irrational - the answer always has an infinite number of decimal places in random digits. The maximum error for calculations done to 2000 decimal places was found to be 1.0E-1992. But the maximum error for calculations done to 1000 decimal places was 1.0E-992; the maximum for calculations done to 100 decimal places was 1.0E-92.
The software used was Advanced Smart Math Calculator, a product available from the Software firm RUNITER COMPANY, and their site at http://calculator.runiter.com/math-calculator/. The owner, Saeid Nourian [president@runiter.com], has seen both the tables and an earlier text of the theory, so can confirm the numeric validity of the tables.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1410.0028 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-11-03 11:49:29*

**Authors:** Gene H Barbee

**Comments:** 127 Pages. contact genebarbee@msn.com

Scientists are actively engaged in understanding new observations regarding our universe. There is agreement that achieving a new level of understanding may require an extension to what is currently known about fundamental interactions, matter and energy. This book is a summary of work by the author building on the best measurements made by physicists, astronomers and cosmologists. Historically, a culture’s cosmology was an explanation of the origin and a justification for its most significant beliefs. Understanding nature’s language goes further. With it, we can read the book of nature and participate in the unfolding of nature’s potential. A no-nonsense engineering approach is used that simplifies nature to a few simple relationships. Of specific interest are the topics of force unification, gravitational theory and the definition of space and time. It also addresses several topics at the forefront of current research like dark energy and cold dark matter. Of course these are physical matters but the author addresses what this means to life and what it is reasonable to believe regarding philosophy’s “enduring questions”.
Man invented language, developed an alphabet and then used the alphabet in creative ways to communicate. As a child we learn a language. It is an extremely useful tool but we didn’t invent the language. Physics is the same way. It has a language and an alphabet that it shapes into words and a significant story. One difference, however, is that we are one of the things it shapes and if we want to understand ourselves and the things around us we must learn the language. Nature starts with the whole, separates it into parts and then fits the parts together in different ways to make the universe we observe. This is a little like a picture puzzle. The picture is cut into pieces and then re-assembled. In the process, it becomes clear that the pieces are meant to fit together and the proof is simply that the picture is once again whole.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1410.0019 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-04 14:52:44*

**Authors:** Richard A Peters

**Comments:** 30 Pages.

This conjecture supports the notion of a temporal-inertial (TI) field, a field that is subject to gravity and, in response to the acceleration of gravity, transmits its own acceleration to massive particles and objects comprising massive particles. The relation between the Higgs field or the Higgs mechanism and what I designate as the TI field is undefined. I may attribute properties to the TI field (such as the particles of the field being subject to gravity) that do not obtain for the Higgs field. The flux model posits that in a gravitational field, the velocity of the TI field combines with that of the gravitons emitted by the gravitational body to increase the flux of gravitons relative to the TI field. Thus the response of the TI field to gravity adds to the force of gravity. Equations defining the acceleration and velocity profiles about a gravitational body are developed for the flux model. The flux model describes a system in which particles of the TI field fall radially toward the central gravitational mass. The flux model may offer an explanation for the unexpected changes in velocity seen by the so-called flyby spacecraft in their gravity assist maneuvers past Earth.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1410.0014 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-10-04 02:07:31*

**Authors:** Reginald T Cahill

**Comments:** 8 Pages. Progress in Physics 10, 236-242, 2014

Space speed fluctuations, which have a 1/f spectrum, are shown to be the cause of solar flares. The direction and magnitude of the space flow has been detected from numerous different experimental techniques, and is close to the normal to the plane of the ecliptic. Zener diode data shows that the fluctuations in the space speed closely match the Sun Solar Cycle 23 flare count, and reveal that major solar flares follow major space speed fluctuations by some 6 days. This implies that a warning period of some 5 days in predicting major solar flares is possible using such detectors. This has significant consequences in being able to protect various spacecraft and Earth located electrical systems from the subsequent arrival of ejected plasma from a solar flare. These space speed fluctuations are the actual gravitational waves, and have a significant magnitude. This discovery is a significant application of the dynamical space phenomenon and theory. We also show that space flow turbulence impacts on the Earth's climate, as such turbulence can input energy into systems, which is the basis of the Zener Diode Quantum Detector. Large scale space fluctuations impact on both the sun and the Earth, and as well explain temperature correlations with solar activity, but that the Earth temperatures are not caused by such solar activity. This implies that the Earth climate debate has been missing a key physical process. Observed diminishing gravitational waves imply a cooling epoch for the Earth for the next 30 years.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1410.0008 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-10-04 07:22:53*

**Authors:** Mueiz Gafer KamalEldeen

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

It is shown that , an easy answer to the flatness problem is given if we abandon an unjustified assumption used usually in application of Einstein's Field Equation in the large scale universe .

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1410.0006 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-10-08 21:21:00*

**Authors:** Valery Zhukov

**Comments:** 3 Pages. removed metric

Gravitational waves cause the curvature of space. The curvatures of space lead to the conclusion that the nature of cosmological redshift and time dilation, is the same effect as the gravitational redshift and time dilation in a gravitational field. This is confirmed by the fact that the ratio between redshift and time dilation is the same for both gravitational and cosmological redshifts.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1410.0003 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-10-01 20:12:07*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Despite uncountable claims to the contrary, Special Relativity (SR) is an unbroken theory of Nature. All attempts to refute its basis or predictions have failed and will continue to fall short as time goes by. The latest SR confirmation in Darmstadt was carried out with an unprecedented level of experimental accuracy. It ought to give serious pause for reflection to all those rejecting SR and the Poincaré symmetry.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology