Relativity and Cosmology

1511 Submissions

[51] viXra:1511.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 08:18:12

Peer Review a Continuum

Authors: Glenn A. Baxter
Comments: Four pages

Peer review is a huge problem in 21st century physics. This common charade is discussed in the essay below.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[50] viXra:1511.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 08:16:07

What is the Speed of Tachyon?
Чему равна скорость тахиона?

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 7 Pages. rus

Among physicists-relativists is almost unanimously accepted that the provisions to the special theory is applicable to objects moving faster than light. However, in this case the theory leads to absurd conclusions.
В среде физиков-релятивистов практически единодушно принято, что положения специальной теории применимы к объектам, движущимся быстрее света. Однако в этом случае теория приводит к абсурдным выводам.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[49] viXra:1511.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-29 19:38:54

Four Big Blunders... BB, MM, KK, SS

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 1 Page.

Modern physics is based on The Big-Bang, Michelson-Morley experiment, and Kaluza-Klein higher dimensions.
Think about how much stuff is related to and or based on those three.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[48] viXra:1511.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 02:51:28

Need Whether a Singularity for a Black Hole and General Relativity?
Нужна ли сингулярность Черной дыре и общей теории относительности?

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 25 Pages. rus

Prediction of a singularity has found in general relativity a significant problems. Arises the question of the incompleteness of the theory, or even about its fallibility. How is realistic the phenomenon of singularity? It is shown that black holes can be described without invoking the concept of singularity - of the point with an infinitely small radius and infinite density.
Предсказание сингулярности обнаружило в общей теории относительности существенные проблемы. Ставится вопрос о неполноте теории или даже о её ошибочности. Насколько сингулярность реалистичное явление? Показано, что черные дыры могут быть описаны без привлечения понятия сингулярности как точки с бесконечно малым радиусом и с бесконечно большой плотностью.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[47] viXra:1511.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-29 13:27:17

Paradoxes of the Rotation Curve of the Milky Way Galaxy
Парадоксы кривой вращения галактики Млечный Путь

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 10 Pages. rus

It is considered that the rotation's curve of stars of the Milky Way under the influence of dark matter different from Keplerian rotation curve. However, the hypothesis of dark matter does not resolve the contradictions of the observed rotation curve. From the observed rotation curve of the galaxy sleeves may not have such a form.
Принято считать, что кривая вращения звёзд Млечного Пути под влиянием темной материи имеет вид, отличающийся от кеплеровской кривой вращения. Однако, гипотеза о темной материи не устраняет противоречий наблюдаемой кривой вращения. С наблюдаемой кривой вращения рукава галактики не могут иметь такой формы.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[46] viXra:1511.0278 [pdf] replaced on 2015-12-02 04:30:38

Black Holes Squeeze Energy Out Of Matter To Create Mighty Jets

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 1 Page.

ENERGY IS VIBRATIONS

If you squashed an atom down flat (no more empty space) the vibe would have to leave.
Think of a truck load of guitar strings, they would not be able to vibrate. It would be an inert lump of strings.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[45] viXra:1511.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-29 03:04:18

Particle Field Primer :: Dark Matter

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 3 Pages.

There is a particle field made of individual yet connected particles completely filling space.
The field is NOT fixed in space, it moves-along-with / is-held-in-place-by the largest mass in proximity.
It's something like the way gravity works, relative strength due to size and proximity.
It's all made from the same particles.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[44] viXra:1511.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-28 14:28:14

Criticism of the Reinterpretation Principle and the Tachyon Mechanics = Критика принципа реинтерпретации и тахионной механики

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 6 Pages. rus

Almost all physicists-relativists believe that the provisions of the special theory of relativity can be extended to superluminal phenomena. However is overlooked that the theory was formulated on the basis of the invariant speed of light, leading to its maximality. Nothing can travel faster than light. Using superluminal signals in the special theory of relativity leads to the paradoxes, to the mutually exclusive and false predictions. Reinterpretation principle and the tachyon mechanics based on it create new paradoxes, instead of their solving.
Практически все физики-релятивисты считают, что положения специальной теории относительности могут быть распространены на сверхсветовые явления. При этом упускается из виду, что теория была сформулирована на основе инварианта скорости света, ведущего к её предельности. Использование сверхсветовых сигналов в специальной теории относительности приводит её к парадоксам, взаимоисключающим и ложным предсказаниям. Принцип реинтерпретации и основанная на нём тахионная механика вместо решения этих парадоксов создают новые.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[43] viXra:1511.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-28 12:17:21

Minkowski's Dynamic Diagrams Exchanges of Signals a Faster Than Light = Динамические диаграммы Минковского обмен сверхсветовыми сигналами

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 13 Pages. rus

Special Relativity leads to contradictory predictions for superluminal signals and violate causality. It's shown in Minkowski's dynamic diagrams: the reinterpretation principle is paradoxical, its conclusions are nonphysical. Special relativity cannot be used for analysis of superluminal motions.
Специальная теория относительности в области сверхсветовых скоростей приводит к противоречивым предсказаниям и нарушению причинности. С данной работе подвергнут критическому анализу главный инструмент специальной относительности для сверхсветовых сигналов – принцип реинтерпретации. На примере динамических диаграмм Минковского показана его противоречивость, его антилогичные, не физические выводы. Специальная теория относительности неприменима к сверхсветовым движениям.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[42] viXra:1511.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-27 07:35:14

Как бы выглядела галактика Млечный Путь с кеплеровской кривой вращения?

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 12 Pages. rus

Могла ли галактика Млечный Путь приобрести нынешний вид с кеплеровской кривой вращения? Или наблюдаемый вид галактики однозначно определён действием темной материи? В работе показано, что ни кеплеровская, ни наблюдаемая кривые вращения не могли сформировать нынешний вид галактики. Гипотеза о темной материи, таким образом, не способна объяснить формирование (поддержание формы) галактических рукавов наблюдаемой ныне кривой вращения.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[41] viXra:1511.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-27 07:52:51

Как убежать из-под горизонта черной дыры

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 10 Pages. rus

Космологическая черная дыра, предсказываемая общей теорией относительности, явление уникальное. Загадочная сингулярность и горизонт, пройти через который можно только по направлению к её центру. Из цепких смертельных объятий гравитационного монстра вырваться невозможно. А если всё-таки попробовать?
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[40] viXra:1511.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-27 04:22:07

On Cosmological Magnetic Fields, Extended Navier-Stokes Equation, and Newtonian Raychaudhury Equation

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper has been submitted to PrespaceTime Journal. Your comments are welcome

Traditionally it has been argued that due to the electric neutrality of the universe on large scales, the only relevant interaction in cosmology should be gravitation. However, the behavior of electromagnetic fields on astrophysical and cosmological scales is still far from clear, the most evident example being the unknown origin of magnetic fields observed in galaxies and galaxy clusters. Therefore, in the present paper I will explore how cosmological magnetic fields can play some roles in the form of extended electromagnetism, Newtonian version of Raychaudhury equation, and also extended covariant Navier-Stokes equation. Then this may be viewed as a way to generalize Navier-Stokes systems on Cantor Sets. Further investigation can be recommended
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[39] viXra:1511.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-26 12:17:16

Minkowski's Dynamic Diagrams in the Example of the Exchange of Light Signals

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 8 Pages. rus (русский)

Minkowski's diagrams considered an obvious way to demonstrate the essence of special relativity, and are used to prove their truth. In the literature, these diagrams have static view - drawings. In this paper shown by means of the Internet the dynamic, animated diagram in which all the processes run in real time.
Диаграммы Минковского считаются наглядным способом демонстрации сущности специальной относительности и используются для доказательства её истинности. В литературе эти диаграммы имеют статический вид – рисунки. В данной работе средствами интернета показана динамическая, анимированная диаграмма, на которой все процессы происходят как в реальном времени.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[38] viXra:1511.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-24 18:09:13

Gravitational Mass of the Photons (In Russian)

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 5 Pages. Published in Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk 185 (11) 1225 ± 1227 (2015)

It is shown that the gravitational and inertial masses of a photon or indeed of any body are equal. Motion past and free fall onto a center of gravitational attraction are considered.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[37] viXra:1511.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-24 18:44:17

Calculus Challenge

Authors: Jeffrey Stevens
Comments: 120 Pages.

Speed C= Distance/time=0
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[36] viXra:1511.0240 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-14 11:34:07

On Problems and Solutions of General Relativity (Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of General Relativity)

Authors: Hyoyoung Choi
Comments: 18 Pages.

In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of general relativity, many others would look back on its history and achievements, so I will write mine focusing on the problems of general relativity and their solutions. Since its publication, general theory of relativity has been numerously challenged but time-tested in the process through numerous experiments. However, the possibility and demand for revised general relativity is also coming to the fore. This arises from its own problem of general relativity or is required from newly found observations. In my eyes, currently, there are three big problems with respect to general relativity. 1) Problems of integration with quantum mechanics and the case of a very big curvature in space-time. 2) The theory includes the existence of singularity, which denies the application of general relativity itself, as a solution for field equation. 3) Rising of the problems of dark energy and dark matter. I would investigate these problems in reverse order and propose my ideas to work them out or solutions.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[35] viXra:1511.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-25 01:47:12

Relation of Prime Number Theory and Absolute Metric of Spacetime

Authors: Miroslav Súkeník, Jozef Šima
Comments: 10 Pages. No comment

In the paper, relation of logarithmic integral (li) function to the metric of nondecelerative universe model is discussed. It opens the coupling of mathematic prime number theory and macroworld. Up-to-now there has been just a relation between zeros distribution of the zeta function, theory of random matrix and distribution of energy levels in quantum chaotic systems.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[34] viXra:1511.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-21 07:54:00

The Impracticability of Interior Solutions of Einstein's Field Equation

Authors: Mueiz Gafer KamalEldeen
Comments: 2 Pages.

The general curvature of the universe which determine the shape , evolution and fate of the universe is not the same as the average curvature of the universe which is associated with the average density. Mixing them up leads to the problematic dependence of the shape , evolution and fate of the universe on its average density .
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33] viXra:1511.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-20 20:38:06

China Satellite of Dark Matter and Birth of Zombie Physics

Authors: Chunxuan Jiang
Comments: 8 Pages.

中国发射暗物质卫星促使nature提出zombie physics
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[32] viXra:1511.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-20 15:38:56

Lorentz Versus Einstein Relativity

Authors: Glenn A. Baxter
Comments: Three pages

Many talk about Dr. Einstein’s Special Relativity when they are thinking Lorentz/Einstein 1916 “Lorentz Relativity.” The difference is described in this paper.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31] viXra:1511.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-20 12:10:58

Gravitational Faraday Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

A Florida State University high-performance computing researcher has predicted a physical effect that would help physicists and astronomers provide fresh evidence of the correctness of Einstein's general theory of relativity. [4] This paper explains the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[30] viXra:1511.0185 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-06 21:36:07

Dark Energy Revised

Authors: Gene H Barbee
Comments: 27 Pages. Please contact gene at genebarbee@msn.com

Observations of the universe’s expansion created discussion regarding dark energy. There is consensus that late stage expansion currently is more linear than the equation R=r0*(t/t0)^(2/3). Since this equation represents conversion of kinetic energy to potential energy and is a curve, Hubble data showing that late stage expansion is almost linear appears to violate energy conservation and require a dark (unknown) energy source. Two literature proposals (cosmological constant and quintessence) attempt to account for this unknown energy source. This paper presents calculations indicating that energy produced by stars causes the linear expansion curve. The analysis draws on data regarding the relative abundance of elements to determine the number of stars and their energy output. A calculation procedure for expansion was developed that allows one to add energy and predict its effect on late stage expansion. It was surprising that a small amount of energy has a large effect on expansion. At the same time, the required energy addition has only a small effect on current temperature (2.73K). Energy produced by stars is fusion energy and provides a physical alternative to dark energy. Current cosmology is based on mass with kinetic energy but includes a large fraction (0.719) of dark energy. The expansion curve, energy release points and associated temperature curve is presented. Analysis shows that although the density is 9.14e-27 kg/m^3, the mass fractions should be 0.5 normal and 0.5 dark.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[29] viXra:1511.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-19 07:41:35

The Worldline of an Inertial Observer on the Kruskal-Szekeres Coordinate Chart

Authors: C.A. Laforet
Comments: 9 Pages.

The (proper) transit time of a light signal emitted by an observer at rest at r_0 in a Schwarzschild gravitational field, reflected by body at some distance r>r_0 and received by the observer is shown to decrease as the observer is moved closer to the event horizon. This suggests that observers at rest close to the event horizon will see an increasingly length contracted Universe. We then seek to discover whether the free falling observer will also see the Universe similarly contracted as he/she falls toward the horizon. Using the definition of the Kruskal-Szekeres coordinates (T, X) in terms of Schwarzschild coordinates (r, t) and expanding the expression for dT/dX, it is shown that the worldlines of both timelike and spacelike observers must have slopes approaching 1 on the Kruskal-Szekeres coordinate chart implying that the free falling observer should indeed see an increasingly length contracted Universe as he/she falls toward the horizon.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28] viXra:1511.0157 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-19 09:57:38

Large Number Hypothesis and Weizaecker's Ur-Theory

Authors: Peter H. Michalicka
Comments: 2 Pages.

According to Weizaecker's Ur-Theory there are N so called 'urs' that form each object in the universe. Each 'ur' is one bit of information, so the entropy S of the universe in natural units is: $S = 4\pi M^2 = 4\pi N$.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27] viXra:1511.0150 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-20 10:22:44

Ultimate Time and Universal Field Time

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 2 Pages.

There is no way to know the speed things are really happening. If everything is happening very slowly so is the way the brain sees it.
It's like being a character in a movie and you don't know the speed the projector is running... fast, slow, stop, start... you don't know.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26] viXra:1511.0142 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-18 17:34:30

Energy From The Vacuum

Authors: Jerry L. Decker
Comments: 6 Pages. Collecting Energy from the Saturated Vacuum

Existing technology is extended with reasonable modifications to show that energy can be borrowed from the vacuum and used for a period of time before being repaid to the vacuum. Physical laws are proposed to reside in the vacuum of space and be enforced by the vacuum energy. Fundamental principles are found in Schrödinger’s writing to govern the collection of energy in non-random systems.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25] viXra:1511.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-16 08:13:54

Metric Contraction: an Alternate Model for Cosmology

Authors: Sudesh Kumar Arora
Comments: 33 Pages.

An alternate model for cosmology is defined using general relativity and a new metric which is based on cosmological principle and the assumption that size of atoms changes with time. Geodesic of photons calculated using the new metric indicate towards a contracting universe. Predictions for three basic tests of cosmology, viz. luminosity versus redshift relation for Type Ia Supernovae, stretched light curves of Supernovae and angular size versus redshift relation for galaxies match the observed data without any size evolution. Origin of CMB can be explained in new model and epoch of recombination is calculated at a redshift of around 30 which translates to approximately 445 billion years. Explanation for formation of large scale structures and other issues like flatness and horizon problem is straight forward in new model.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[24] viXra:1511.0125 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-16 05:30:56

The Nature of Physical Reality

Authors: Sunil Thakur
Comments: Pages.

In this paradigm shifting paper, we show that the physical world is manifestation of a non-physical objective reality that exists absolutely, manifests relatively, and behaves relationally. We show that all the phenomena observed in the quantum world manifest themselves more eloquently even in the macro world. Things do not have any pre-existing values even in the macro world, but things do have predictable values even in the quantum world.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[23] viXra:1511.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-14 17:10:02

Extended Newtonian Theory

Authors: Silas Sacheli Santos
Comments: 20 Pages.

New equations for the motion of the bodies are derived using concepts of Newton and Maxwell, a preferred frame (CMB), and the light and force fields with velocity c in relation to CMB. And we have a theory that explain the relativistics experiments like mass variation, time dilation, transverse Doppler effect, etc. An experiment is proposed to test this theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[22] viXra:1511.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-14 21:35:04

Zombie Physics

Authors: Chunxuan Jiang
Comments: 8 Pages.

本文在中国遭遇促使nature提出一个新名词zombie.physics.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[21] viXra:1511.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-14 08:38:15

A Model for Barmaids

Authors: Glenn A. Baxter
Comments: Three pages

If you cannot explain it to a Barmaid, you probably do not understand it yourself, sayeth Ernest Rutherford
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[20] viXra:1511.0111 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-14 08:46:30

Physics Case Method – an Editorial

Authors: Glenn A. Baxter
Comments: Five pages

The differences between Dissidents and the politically correct “Main Stream” are discussed along with Dr. Einstein’s consistent published ideas between 1905 and 1952
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[19] viXra:1511.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-12 19:57:08

Supersymmetry Requires Mc^2 Energy for Bosonic Superpartners. Negative Intrinsic Energy is not Possible in Our Present Broken E8 Symmetry Epoch

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: Unbroken E8 symmetry is required for -mc^2 matter and supersymmetry to exist and a flat, cyclic universe to form. Our present epoch is unfortunately of broken E8 symmetry type in which negative intrinsic energy is not possible.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[18] viXra:1511.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-12 13:22:09

L’EFFET D’ÉCLIPSE Allais et Les Avances SÉCULAIRES du NŒUD DE VÉNUS et du PÉRIHÉLIE DE Mars

Authors: Russell Bagdoo
Comments: 6 Pages. This paper is the French version of «THE ALLAIS ECLIPSE EFFECT AND THE SECULAR ADVANCES OF THE NODE OF VENUS AND THE PERIHELION OF MARS» on viXra.org/abs/1511.0101.

Dans le présent travail, on cherche à expliquer les désaccords en ce qui concerne les avances séculaires du nœud de Vénus et du périhélie de Mars. Nous supposons que ces deux désaccords relatifs aux deux planètes voisines de la Terre s’expliquent par une augmentation de l’unité astronomique (UA), résultant de l’hypothèse de l’effet d’éclipse Allais. Dans un article précédent [1], nous avons supposé que les éclipses étaient les causes plutôt que les témoins de l’éloignement de la Lune de la Terre et, du même coup, de l’éloignement du système Terre-Lune du Soleil. L’éloignement du système Terre-Lune augmente l’UA, c’est-à-dire la distance Terre-Soleil, d’environ 10 mètres par siècle, ce qui rapproche la Terre de Mars et l’éloigne de Vénus. Le rapprochement de Mars contribue à l’avance du périhélie de mars qui est de 8" par siècle et l’éloignement de Vénus contribue à l’avance du nœud de Vénus qui est de 10" par siècle (valeur des avances exprimées en secondes d’arc).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[17] viXra:1511.0103 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-15 17:01:08

Energy is NOT Equal to Mass :: Energy =/= Mass

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 2 Pages.

Is energy equal to length? How about speed? Is speed equal to mass? No, of course not.
So everyone needs to stop saying mass and energy are equal -- they are not equal.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[16] viXra:1511.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-12 12:28:09

The Allais Eclipse Effect and the Secular Advances of the Node of Venus and the Perihelion of Mars

Authors: Russell Bagdoo
Comments: 6 Pages.

In the present work, we try to explain the discordances regarding the secular advances of the node of Venus and the perihelion of Mars. We assume that these two discordances concerning the two neighboring planets of the Earth can be explained by an increase of the astronomical unit (AU), resulting from the hypothesis of the Allais eclipse effect. In a previous article [1], we supposed that the eclipses were the causes rather than the witnesses of the withdrawal of the Moon from the Earth and, at the same time, of the remoteness of the Earth-Moon system from the sun. The remoteness of the Earth-Moon system increases the AU, i.e. the Earth-Sun distance, of about 10 meters per century, which approaches the Earth from Mars and moves it away from Venus. Becoming closer from Mars contributes to the advance of the perihelion of Mars that is 8" per century and the distancing of Venus helps to the advance the Venus node that is 10" per century (value of the advances expressed in arcseconds).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[15] viXra:1511.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-12 07:08:24

Time

Authors: Glenn A. Baxter
Comments: Four pages

We accurately describe what time is. And it is about time!
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[14] viXra:1511.0091 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-11 20:38:20

Catalyst - Einstein

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 49 Pages.

On Tuesday, November 10, 2015 the ABC (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) showed the TV program "Einstein's Extraordinary Universe". It was a celebration of Einstein's release of the General Theory of Relativity 100 years ago this month, and was this week's edition of the ABC's program "Catalyst" (the presenter was Dr. Graham Phillips). This article is my own little way of celebrating Relativity's birthday. I had to limit my comment on the Catalyst website to 500 words, but I've expanded that here to nearly 3,000 words.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[13] viXra:1511.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-11 04:19:19

Quantum Properties of Gravitational Field and Synchronization Delays

Authors: Daniele Sasso
Comments: 13 Pages.

The physico-mathematical model of force fields is based on the concept of continuity of space and it is represented by axes of the reference frame of the field whose continuity is defined by the existence of recurring decimal numbers and of irrational real numbers. Like for other fields quantum properties of gravitational field therefore have to be based on a quantization law like it happens for instance for electronic orbits inside the electrostatic field of atom. The purpose of this paper is to verify the possibility of defining a quantization law also for gravitational fields. Starting from these considerations then the author goes ahead with the calculation of relativistic errors of position and of synchronization delays relative to a system of measurement of position through satellite laboratory-stations in the gravitational field of second type.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[12] viXra:1511.0085 [pdf] replaced on 2016-05-08 17:24:31

Modifications of Polarizable Vacuum Theory For Deep Space Transport at High Speed

Authors: Jerry L. Decker
Comments: 11 Pages.

The Polarizable Vacuum theory of Harold Puthoff and others is evaluated with relativistic calculations to show that it can only be valid when velocity is small or zero. A modification based on work by Niels Bohr in 1949 is used to extend PV theory for high velocity deep space transport. The modification is used to predict that the high velocity of prolonged acceleration is sufficient to polarize the vacuum with a reversed curvature of space. A weakness of PV theory is removed by eliminating the leap of faith required for field effect generators.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11] viXra:1511.0064 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-27 10:36:00

Y Dios,También Está en la Ciencia Part I

Authors: Angel Garcés Doz
Comments: 269 Pages. only spanish. Final correction writing very few equations

This book published in vixra; is an extensive research on the physics of the microworld that has very direct implications for the world of the macrocosm: cosmology. The implications are such that reveal, like gravity, including general relativity, they must be corrected to account for gravitational anomalies as important as: 1) The rotation speed curve within galaxies. In this research it demonstrates how there is a repulsive acceleration caused by the quantum vacuum (c x H = a0, H = Hubble constant, c = speed light in vacuum); It is the cause of abnormal speeds within galaxies and do not follow the laws of gravitation, in the calculation by the laws of Keppler. Therefore, the so-called dark matter does not exist.This acceleration repulsive also produces effects of gravitational micro lens. 2) The annual increase in the Earth-Sun distance of about 15 cm per year. It is calculated correctly and its cause is founded on this repulsive acceleration. 3) Similarly, the increase in the Earth-Moon distance of about 3.8 cm per year, is calculated correctly. 4) The modification of gravity also explains the Allais effect. Effect, which in total solar eclipses the pendulum stop rotating the plane of oscillation. It is calculated correctly. 5) The anomalous speed overflights of various spacecraft around the Earth. It explains how the original Anderson´s equation is an adequate approximation. 6) The Chandler wobble is explained and calculated. This wobble is a rotation of precession of the space around the Earth. Oscillation of a swing of the vacuum. 7) It is shown that the Earth is the center of the universe (hence, the alignment of the ecliptic with the CMB is produced) Earth being the center of the universe; is the entire space which revolves around the Earth. This rotational speed of the universe is derived as a function of the properties of the vacuum. Not only the Earth does not turn on its own axis; if not that does not turn about the Sun either. It is the Sun and the planets those that turn about the Earth. 8) If the Earth was turning on its own axis at a speed of 465 m/s it would be necessary to produce a sonic boom. But this sonic boom, it does not take place. 9) If the Earth was turning on its own axis at the speed of 465 m/s, the friction with the atmosphere, it would provoke that the Earth would stop its draft in 59 years. 10) The effect of the pendulum of Foucault takes place also if the space about the Earth, turns at a speed of 465 m/s That all these falsehoods on the existent movement of Earth's spin, have been kept so long, are due to interests of the elite, but not at the service of truth. A lie repeated 1000 times make it a "truth" 11) The existence of a creator of the universe, God, it is a fact as scientific as could be, for example, the existence of the light. The book, for the time being, is only in spanish. Its extension of 537 pages will need time to be translated into english.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[10] viXra:1511.0063 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-27 17:56:55

Y Dios,También Está en la Ciencia Part II

Authors: Angel Garcés Doz
Comments: 270 Pages. Only spanish. Final correction writing very few equations

This book published in vixra; is an extensive research on the physics of the microworld that has very direct implications for the world of the macrocosm: cosmology. The implications are such that reveal, like gravity, including general relativity, they must be corrected to account for gravitational anomalies as important as: 1) The rotation speed curve within galaxies. In this research it demonstrates how there is a repulsive acceleration caused by the quantum vacuum (c x H = a0, H = Hubble constant, c = speed light in vacuum); It is the cause of abnormal speeds within galaxies and do not follow the laws of gravitation, in the calculation by the laws of Keppler. Therefore, the so-called dark matter does not exist.This acceleration repulsive also produces effects of gravitational micro lens. 2) The annual increase in the Earth-Sun distance of about 15 cm per year. It is calculated correctly and its cause is founded on this repulsive acceleration. 3) Similarly, the increase in the Earth-Moon distance of about 3.8 cm per year, is calculated correctly. 4) The modification of gravity also explains the Allais effect. Effect, which in total solar eclipses the pendulum stop rotating the plane of oscillation. It is calculated correctly. 5) The anomalous speed overflights of various spacecraft around the Earth. It explains how the original Anderson´s equation is an adequate approximation. 6) The Chandler wobble is explained and calculated. This wobble is a rotation of precession of the space around the Earth. Oscillation of a swing of the vacuum. 7) It is shown that the Earth is the center of the universe (hence, the alignment of the ecliptic with the CMB is produced) Earth being the center of the universe; is the entire space which revolves around the Earth. This rotational speed of the universe is derived as a function of the properties of the vacuum. Not only the Earth does not turn on its own axis; if not that does not turn about the Sun either. It is the Sun and the planets those that turn about the Earth. 8) If the Earth was turning on its own axis at a speed of 465 m/s it would be necessary to produce a sonic boom. But this sonic boom, it does not take place. 9) If the Earth was turning on its own axis at the speed of 465 m/s, the friction with the atmosphere, it would provoke that the Earth would stop its draft in 59 years. 10) The effect of the pendulum of Foucault takes place also if the space about the Earth, turns at a speed of 465 m/s That all these falsehoods on the existent movement of Earth's spin, have been kept so long, are due to interests of the elite, but not at the service of truth. A lie repeated 1000 times make it a "truth" 11) The existence of a creator of the universe, God, it is a fact as scientific as could be, for example, the existence of the light. The book, for the time being, is only in spanish. Its extension of 537 pages will need time to be translated into english.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[9] viXra:1511.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-06 21:13:30

Relativity and Imaginary Time

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 10 Pages.

This article takes the form of 3 "microarticles". They are 1) Relativity says science overvalues experiments, 2) Time dilation to co-moving and non-comoving observers and 3) EXPLORING VENUS, MARS, ETC BY ENTANGLING THEM WITH EARTH. Each microarticle was originally written to stand alone, but I decided they should be combined into one article. Everybody (even including Nobel-winning physicists) seems to have a preference for experiment instead of theory. This reminds me of a movie I saw about Alexander the Great. Aristotle (played by Christopher Plummer) was teaching the young Alexander and said Greeks use their minds while other races rely on their senses, and what they can see and hear etc. While science acknowledges the importance of theory and mind, it appears to be following Aristotle's "other races" when it declares that observation and experiment always have the last word. This is justified by saying the ancient Greeks made mistakes because they didn't always rely enough on mathematics and experiment. However, it's well known that experimenters make mistakes too - from the days of Galileo to the recent experiments with faster-than-light neutrinos, and with the cosmic microwave background. This article hopes to plant a seed that will grow into a science which doesn't automatically assume observation and experiment must always have the last word. The entire universe, along with all of the past and present and future, appears to be becoming unified by our science into one entity/event. Consider the 19th century's union of electricity and magnetism into the one force of electromagnetism (light, and every type of radiation, are forms of this). Consider the unifying attempts of Einstein's Unified Field Theory, as well as the union of space and time into space-time, in the 20th century - and of physics' subatomic String Theory and Theory of Everything in the 21st century. A vital player in this trend is quantum mechanics, with its experimentally verified quantum entanglement that says particles can affect each other regardless of distance in space-time. The way things are going, the mathematics used on Earth will end up being revised. After all, it's based on the limited perceptions of our senses and the idea that a virtually unlimited set of separate observations and experiments can be made ie it says 1+1=2. But if absolutely everything is actually a single thing/event, 1+1 will have no choice but to equal 1.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[8] viXra:1511.0047 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-09 12:15:46

Metric Based on Cosmological Principle: Uniqueness and Implicit Assumptions

Authors: Sudesh Kumar Arora
Comments: 7 Pages. Author name corrected

If we drop the generally accepted notion that size of atoms does not change in RW universe, then a new metric with scale factor as the time-time component is derived from the cosmological principle. Using Cartan-Karlhede algorithm it is proved that this metric is physically different from RW metric. This means RW metric is not a unique metric based on cosmological principle and employs certain assumptions implicitly which has not been noticed before.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[7] viXra:1511.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-05 04:00:52

Universal Evolution and Fundamental Physical Constants

Authors: Grisha Filippov
Comments: 8 Pages. no comment

Fundamental physical constants (FPC) and Universe co-evolution is considered, assuming that the individual set of FPC corresponding to each evolution stage (phase), differs from the FPC of the previous and the next stages, but genetically related to them. That relationship is stipulated as the FPC of any stage is "disaggregation" of the FPC previous stage. A particular version of such co-evolution stages sequence is proposed.8
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[6] viXra:1511.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-04 10:59:50

The Tesla Equation :: TL = Mc^2

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 2 Pages.

Everyone knows of Einstein's famous E = mc^2 equation, meaning energy is trapped in mass and ready to be released.

Tesla thought the opposite was true...

"There is no energy in matter other than that received from the environment." – Nikola Tesla

An equation has been discovered that confirms Tesla's idea.

Mnemonic memory device...
E for Einstein: E = mc^2
TL for Tesla: TL = mc^2
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[5] viXra:1511.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-04 09:05:58

Generalized Lorentz Force Equation and Illusions of Gravitomagnetism

Authors: Jaroslav Hynecek
Comments: 5 Pages. none

In this short note it is shown that the Gravitomagnetism can be misinterpreted and mistakenly identified with the gravitational mass dependence on velocity. The derivations show that a version of Gravitomagnetism can be derived for certain field arrangements from the formula for the mass dependence on velocity. For a one particular choice of the Gravitomagnetic field factor the resulting gravitational wave propagation velocity that follows from such Gravitomagnetism is larger than the speed of light, which is not acceptable. It is thus reasonable to modify the analog of Lorentz force equation instead, which leads to the speed of gravitational waves equal to c. Finally, it is found that this Generalized Lorentz force equation can be used to classify the various theories of gravitational force.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[4] viXra:1511.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-03 04:36:14

E=mc^2 is a Classical Physics Result and the Relativistic Formula is E=E_0/√(1-V^2/c^2)

Authors: Qing-Ping Ma
Comments: 27 Pages.

The mass-energy formula E=mc^2 is thought to be derived by Einstein from special relativity. The present study shows that since the formula has also been derived from classical physics by Einstein, it has a deep-rooted connection with classical physics. The formula is implied by Maxwell’s electromagnetic momentum P=E/c and the Newtonian definition of momentum P=mv. It can be derived from classical physics with c as the constant velocity of light in its medium ether. The present study also shows that within the framework of classical physics, this classical physics based formula is correct in other inertial frames that move relative to the ether frame as well. In contrast, Einstein’s derivation in 1905 seems logically flawed as a relativistic proof, because it relies on the classical kinetic energy definition, approximates at low velocity and fails to show mass-energy equivalence in the same reference frame. Therefore, treating E=mc^2 as a quantity like the momentum P=mv , which applies to both classical physics and special relativity if relativistic mass is used in the equation, appears to be more consistent with the logic of special relativity. Then the truly relativistic formula should be E=E_0/√(1-v^2/c^2) derived by Laue and Klein, which corresponds to the formula of relativistic mass.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[3] viXra:1511.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-24 13:07:55

General Relativity and the Other Gravity Field Equation and Solution

Authors: sangwha Yi
Comments: 5 Pages. Thank you for reading

In the general relativity theory, we find the other gravity field equation and the other solution. For example, the other solution treats in Schwarzschild solution, Reissner-Nodstrom solution. Hence, the uniqueness of GR solution is denied by numberless solutions.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[2] viXra:1511.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-03 02:07:50

Non Linear Electrodynamics and a Minimum Vacuum Energy(“cosmological Constant”) Allowed in Early Universe Cosmology

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 6 Pages.

This article poses the question of a minimum cosmological constant, i.e. vacuum energy at the start of the cosmological evolution from a near singularity. We pose this comparing formalism as given by Berry (1976) as to a small time length, and compare that in its entirety to compare this value given by Berry (1976) with a minimum time length at the start of cosmological space-time evolution. Using the methodology of Zeldovich (1972) as to a problem with electron-positron pair production we also propose another upper bound to the problem of minimum time length which may be accessible to experimental inquiry. This then makes the problem of minimum time length a way of specifying a magnetic field dependence of the cosmological constant, which has major implications to answering if quinessence , i.e. a changing cosmological vacuum energy, or a constant for the “cosmological constant” problem . Our answer is an initial value greater than today which suggests either Quintessence, or if still a constant,a much better value for this parameter than what is suggested by traditional field theory methods.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1] viXra:1511.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-02 03:39:59

Principe 'holographique' et Oscillations Cosmiques

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 12 Pages. From QSCP-XX Colloquium, Septembre 2015, traducted in French

Abstract. A Coherent Cosmology is based on a number of oscillations. The main one is the matter-antimatter at 10^104 Hz. A connexion is made with the non-Doppler Kotov-Lyuty Coherent Cosmic oscillation, confirmed by a Topologic Axis which rehabilates the tachyonic boson string theory and justifies a massive gluon. Résumé. Le transfert dimensionnel, par abus de langage, 'Principe Holographique', et sa version diophantienne, le Principe Holique (Sanchez, 1994). s'appliquent à la cosmologie permanente, en définissant une Cosmologie Cohérente, où l'Univers subit une oscillation matière-antimatière de fréquence 10^104 Hz. La fréquence de l'oscillation cosmique cohérente (non-Doppler) de Kotov-Lyuty s'intègre dans un processus d'élimination de la vitesse c, prouvant que l'Univers à un aspect tachyonique. Cela est confirmé par un Axe Topologique qui réhabilite la théorie bosono-tachyonique des cordes, et prévoit une masse au gluon.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology