Relativity and Cosmology

0912 Submissions

[10] viXra:0912.0056 [pdf] submitted on 29 Dec 2009

Space-Time Geometry Translated Into the Hegelian and Intuitionist Systems

Authors: Stephen P. Smith
Comments: 21 Pages.

Kant noted the importance of spatial and temporal intuitions (synthetics) in geometric reasoning, but intuitions lend themselves to different interpretations and a more solid grounding may be sought in formality. In mathematics David Hilbert defended formality, while L. E. J. Brouwer cited intuitions that remain unencompassed by formality. In this paper, the conflict between formality and intuition is again investigated, and it is found to impact on our interpretations of space-time as translated into the language of geometry. It is argued that that language as a formal system works because of an auxiliary innateness that carries sentience, or feeling. Therefore, the formality is necessarily incomplete as sentience is beyond its reach. Specifically, it is argued that sentience is covertly connected to space-time geometry when axioms of congruency are stipulated, essentially hiding in the formality what is sense-certain. Accordingly, geometry is constructed from primitive intuitions represented by one-pointedness and route-invariance. Geometry is recognized as a two-sided language that permitted a Hegelian passage from Euclidean geometry to Riemannian geometry. The concepts of general relativity, quantum mechanics and entropy-irreversibility are found to be the consequences of linguistic type reasoning, and perceived conflicts (e.g., the puzzle of quantum gravity) are conflicts only within formal linguistic systems. Therefore, the conflicts do not survive beyond the synthetics because what is felt relates to inexplicable feeling, and because the question of synthesis returns only to Hegel's absolute Notion.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[9] viXra:0912.0051 [pdf] submitted on 25 Dec 2009

Making an Analogy Between a Multi-Chain Interaction in Charge Density Wave Transport and the Use of Wave Functionals to Form Soliton-Anti Soliton Pairs

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 21 pages

First reading of article approved by IJMPB, which had half of my PhD dissertation results. For the record. Basis of quantum interpretation of Density wave dynamics included.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[8] viXra:0912.0048 [pdf] replaced on 18 May 2010

A Solution for "Dark Matter Mystery", Based on Euclidean Relativity.

Authors: Frederic Lassiaille
Comments: 36 pages.

The study of this article suggests an explanation for the "dark matter mystery". This explanation is based on a modification of Newton's law. This modification is conducted from an Euclidean vision of relativity. Concerning the mystery of the velocity of the stars inside a galaxy, the study calculates a theoretical curve which is different from the one coming from Newton's law. This theoretical curve is very close, qualitatively speaking, to the measured one. Concerning the mystery of the velocity of a galaxy inside its group, the explanation is more direct. For this mystery, the study calculates a greater value for G, the gravitational constant.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[7] viXra:0912.0045 [pdf] submitted on 20 Dec 2009

Hypotheses of the Motion in Microcosm

Authors: Zou Ha
Comments: 6 Pages.

One question is that we always get the integrated photographs in good order when taking photograph though the phenomenon of particle-wave duality exist in the microcosm. Feynman path is probability and we should not get the good order photos. There is unknown mechanism in the microcosm. Another question is quantum gravitation how to connect the line and the dot. If I am the particle how I move. I think of doing some sewing and the unknown space was introduced. The two questions will be thought together and I give an able mechanism.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[6] viXra:0912.0044 [pdf] replaced on 12 Mar 2010

Tidal Charges From BraneWorld Black Holes As An Experimental Proof Of The Higher Dimensional Nature Of The Universe.

Authors: Fernando Loup
Comments: 86 Pages. Titles in the headers of the sections rewritten in a more conventional way.

If the Universe have more than 4 Dimensions then its Extra Dimensional Nature generates in our 4D Spacetime a projection of a 5D Bulk Weyl Tensor. We demonstrate that this happens not only in the Randall-Sundrum BraneWorld Model where this idea appeared first (developed by Shiromizu, Maeda and Sasaki)but also occurs in the Kaluza-Klein 5D Induced Matter Formalism.As a matter of fact this 5D Bulk Weyl Tensor appears in every Extra Dimensional Formalism (eg Basini-Capozziello-Wesson-Overduin Dimensional Reduction From 5D to 4D) because this Bulk Weyl tensor is being generated by the Extra Dimensional Nature of the Universe regardless and independently of the Mathematical Formalism used and the Dimensional Reduction From 5D to 4D of the Einstein and Ricci Tensors in both Kaluza-Klein and Randall-Sundrum Formalisms are similar.Also as in the Randall-Sundrum Model this 5D Bulk Weyl Tensor generates in the Kaluza-Klein formalism a Tidal "Electric" Charge "seen" in 4D as an Extra Term in the Schwarzschild Metric resembling the Reissner-Nordstrom Metric. We analyze the Gravitational Bending Of Light in this BraneWorld Black Hole Metric(known as the Dadhich,Maartens,Papadopolous and Rezania) affected by an Extra Term due to the presence of the Tidal Charge compared to the Bending Of Light in the Reissner-Nordstrom Metric with the Electric Charge also being generated by the Extra Dimension in agreement with the point of view of Ponce De Leon (explaining in the generation process how and why antiparticles have the same rest mass m0 but charges of equal modulus and opposite signs when compared to particles)and unlike the Reissner-Nordstrom Metric the terms G/(c4) do not appear in the Tidal Charge Extra Term.Thereby we conclude that the Extra Term produced by the Tidal Charge in the Bending Of Light due to the presence of the Extra Dimensions is more suitable to be detected than its Reissner-Nordstrom counterpart and this line of reason is one of the best approaches to test the Higher Dimensional Nature of the Universe and we describe a possible experiment using Artificial Satellites and the rotating BraneWorld Black Hole Metric to do so
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[5] viXra:0912.0031 [pdf] submitted on 11 Nov 2009

El Simple FENóMENO Del Redshift Gravitatorio Demuestra la Necesidad DE la Nueva ECUACIóN Fundamental DE la TEORíA Conectada

Authors: Xavier Terri Castañé
Comments: 9 pages, Spanish language

Demonstration that the 2 fundamental equations of Einstein's general relativity, geodesics and gravitational equations of Einstein's gravitational field, are incompatible with the phenomenon of gravitational redshift, according to which the time stationary, measured by a clock lighting, takes more slowly the greater the gravitational potential. Consequently, it is postulated the fundamental equation of the theory connected. This intertwined with subparagraphs that solve the problem of event horizons and Schwarzschild black holes.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[4] viXra:0912.0016 [pdf] submitted on 8 Dec 2009

Apparent Time-Dependence of the Hubble Constant Deduced from the Observed Hubble Velocity-Distance Equation

Authors: Feng Xu
Comments: 7 pages, first published in 2004 in Hadronic Journal, volume 27, pages 741-748

An apparent time dependence of the Hubble constant was deduced from the linear correlation between the recession velocity of galaxies and the traveled distance of their photons under the assumption of the space expansion being homologous. The time dependence of the space expansion velocity at early era implied that the currently used relativistic Doppler equation, invalid for accelerating/deaccelerating reference frames, would lead to inaccurate measurement of the cosmological recession velocity for highly redshifted galaxies/quasars.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[3] viXra:0912.0015 [pdf] replaced on 23 Jan 2010

Applications of Euclidian Snyder Geometry to Space Time Physics & Deceleration Parameter ( DE Replacement?)

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 41 pages, 2 figures, companion piece to

This 41 page PPT changed to PDF is material in common A.Beckwith gave in the ChristChurch, New Zealand Meeting, December 16th, 2009, i.e. the ACGRG 5th conference in GR , and also to be presented in the Beyond the Standard Model, 2010 meeting, in South Africa
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[2] viXra:0912.0013 [pdf] submitted on 7 Dec 2009

Possible Experimental Evidence to the Converse Unruh Effect in Superconductors

Authors: Z.Y. Wang
Comments: 3 pages.

Although there has not any direct evidence to the Unruh effect and Hawking radiation until now, the converse effect was maybe detected in superconductors. In a noteless experiment performed by scientists of USSR in 1984, a heat flow across the Josephson junction induced the a.c.component[1] and was interpreted to be a thermoelectric effect. Actually, the thermoelectric effect means a temperature gradient will generate an extra current. It occurs in a normal material but does not exist in superconductors. Here is a whole new effect that an extra phase difference rather than current is induced. We regard it as the converse Unruh effect where the temperature is corresponding to an acceleration. Then the temperature gradient will lead to an energy difference and consequential phase change just like the a.c.Josephson effect. Based on the postulate, the frequency formula dependent to the temperature difference T T dl is given which is in the region of ω = 4πkΔ/(ℏ2 VF) ∫(T1 - T2)dl radiowaves and consistent with the mentioned experiment. We hope further experiments will be carried out soon to make clear the phenomenon.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1] viXra:0912.0012 [pdf] replaced on 19 Feb 2010

Applications of Euclidian Snyder Geometry to the Foundations of Space Time Physics

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 20 pages. Significant re dos of material on deceleration parameter q(z) on pages 3, 4, and also Appendix A ( just added ). Figure 1 re sized and re parameterized. Additional work done on rest of document to answer questions raised by participants in Beyond the Standard Model, 2010, and also major re dos of what is now Appendix D. Emphasis as as source document of information for some of the presentations for several conference presentations, including Beyond the Standard Model 2010, and SPESIF 2010, and Piers XIAN, 2010, as well as possibly either IDM 2010 in July, or DICE 2010 in September 2010.

The following document is to answer if higher dimensions add value to answering fundamental cosmology questions. The results are mixed, 1st with higher dimensions apparently helping in reconstructing and preserving the value of Planck's constant, and the fine structure constant from a prior to a present universe, while 2nd failing to add anything different from four dimensional cosmological models to the question of what would cause an increase in the expansion rate of the universe, as of a billion years ago. Finally 3rd, higher dimensions may allow creation of a joint DM and DE model. A choice between LQG and brane world geometry is introduced by Snyder geometry, where Snyder geometry's minimum uncertainty length calculations δx may help determine to what extent gravity is an emergent field that is classical. Independent of the choice of LQG and branes (four dimensions versus higher dimensional cosmology models) is the following question: If gravity is largely classical, how much nonlinearity is involved? Gravitons and their structure as information carriers may help answer these questions. The main point of this document: DM and DE may be unified in terms of cosmological dynamics if the higher dimensional models of DM, as seen by KK towers of gravitons are seen to be pertinent to increasing acceleration of the universe a billion years ago via a 4th dimensional small graviton mass term added to the KK tower DM representation of gravitons (a model of DM).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology