[13] **viXra:1109.0063 [pdf]**
*submitted on 28 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Subodh Vashist

**Comments:** 16 pages, This paper is copyrighted (2011)

Counter-intuitive concept of decrease in rate of time and increase
in mass due to motion are fundamental conclusions of Special Theory
of Relativity(STR). STR successfully explains the decrease in nuclear
decay rates due to motion until recently, when nuclear decay rates are
found to depend on Earth-Sun distance and solar activities like
solar
ares. Present paper is an alternate theory to STR and produces
the same mathematical results of STR but with completely different
meaning of the observed effects due to motion. Utilising simple
spherical model for properties of matter, present theory also explains the
dependence of nuclear decay rates on Earth-Sun distance and solar
activity. On the other hand present theory assumes the rate of time and
mass to be constant, thereby keeping the theory self-contained, while
accounting for all the relativistic effects, including Newton's Second
law of motion which is mathematically inconsistent in STR.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1109.0058 [pdf]**
*submitted on 27 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Azzam AlMosallami

**Comments:** 14 pages

Radio metric data from Pioneer 10/11 indicate an apparent anomalous, constant, acceleration
acting on the spacecraft with a magnitude ~ , directed towards the Sun[1,2].
Turyshev [7] examined the constancy and direction of the Pioneer anomaly, and concluded that
the data a temporally decaying anomalous acceleration with an over 10%
improvement in the residuals compared to a constant acceleration model. Anderson, who is
retired from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), is that study's first author. He finds, so "it's
either new physics or old physics we haven't discovered yet." New physics could be a variation
on Newton's laws, whereas an example of as-yet-to-be-discovered old physics would be a cloud
of dark matter trapped around the sun[12].
In this paper I introduce the exact solution for the Pioneer anomaly depending on the general
theory of relativity and the Hubble's law. According to my solution, there are two terms of
decelerations that controls the Pioneer anomaly. The first is produced by moving the Pioneer
spacecraft through the gravitational field of the Sun, which causes the velocity of the spacecraft
to be decreased according to the Schwarzschild Geometry of freely infalling particle. This
deceleration is responsible for varying behaviour of the Pioneer anomaly in Turyshev [7]. The
second term is produced by the Hubble's law which is constant and equals to the Hubble's
constant multiplied by the speed of light in vacuum.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1109.0057 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-01-10 05:15:02*

**Authors:** José Francisco García Juliá

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The famous equation that relates the mass with the energy can be deduced without using
the special relativity of Einstein; however, the relation obtained is slightly different.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1109.0056 [pdf]**
*replaced on 26 Oct 2011*

**Authors:** Armando V.D.B. Assis

**Comments:** 6 pages, Published in the Journal Progress in Physics

In this brief paper, we solve the relativistic kinematics related to the intersection between
a relativistic beam of particles (neutrinos, e.g.) and consecutive detectors. The
gravitational effects are neglected, but the effect of the Earth rotation is taken into consideration
under a simple approach in which we consider two instantaneous inertial
reference frames in relation to the fixed stars: an instantaneous inertial frame of reference
having got the instantaneous velocity of rotation (about the Earth axis of rotation)
of the Cern at one side, the lab system of reference in which the beam propagates, and
another instantaneous inertial system of reference having got the instantaneous velocity
of rotation of the detectors at Gran Sasso at the other side, this latter being the system of
reference of the detectors. Einstein's relativity theory provides a velocity of intersection
between the beam and the detectors greater than the velocity of light in the empty space
as derived in this paper, in virtue of the Earth rotation. We provide a simple calculation
for the discrepancy between a correct measure for the experiment and a measure arising
due to the effect derived in this paper.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1109.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 22 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Sudesh Kumar

**Comments:** 16 pages

This paper shows that a complete theory of gravity can be deduced purely
from special theory of relativity and equivalence principle without using general theory
of relativity or Einstein's field equations. It is shown how the time periods of identical
clocks and lengths of identical measuring rods will vary with change in gravitational
potential, and how we can derive Schwarzschild Metric from this variation, proving that
special theory of relativity is not so special and applies to non-inertial frames as well.
Then the equations of motion and Kepler's Laws are derived from Schwarzschild Metric using
a novel yet simple method of differentiation with respect to time. Equation of motion thus
derived contains a completely new and hitherto unknown term for gravitational acceleration.
Using this new equation of motion it is shown that perihelion advance of mercury, high
orbital speeds in galaxies, deflection of light by the Sun and gravitational lensing in
the galactic clusters are completely explainable. This makes dark matter redundant and
paves way for a new theory of Gravity different from the ones given by both Newton and
Einstein.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1109.0032 [pdf]**
*submitted on 7 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Juan Carlos Alcerro Mena

**Comments:** 11 pages.

This document reports some of the important results of a theoretical work that
performed the Wick rotation with the condition of retaining the validity of the Lorentz group.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1109.0031 [pdf]**
*submitted on 7 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Akindele (Adekugbe) Joseph

**Comments:** 27 pages, Submitted to Progress in Physics.
Author's name recently changed from Joseph Akindele O Adekugbe to Akindele O Adekugbe Joseph.

The two stages of evolution of spacetime/intrinsic spacetime and the associated spacetime
/intrinsic spacetime geometries in a long range metric force field, isolated in previous
papers, are particularized to the gravitational field. The theory of relativity on flat
four-dimensional spacetime (E^{3}, ct) and the intrinsic theory relativity on the underlying
flat two-dimensional intrinsic spacetime (φρ, φcφt), due to the presence of a metric
force field, as well as the absolute intrinsic metric theory (of the metric force field) on
curved 'two-dimensional' absolute intrinsic spacetime (φρ^, φc^φt^), which evolve at the
second (and final) stage of evolution of spacetime/intrinsic spacetime in a long range
metric force field, developed in the previous papers, become the theory of gravitational
relativity (TGR) on the flat four-dimensional relativistic spacetime, the intrinsic theory
of gravitational relativity (φTGR) on the underlying flat two-dimensional relativistic
intrinsic spacetime and the metric theory of absolute intrinsic gravity (φMAG) on the
curved 'two-dimensional' absolute intrinsic spacetime in a gravitational field. The basic
aspects of these co-existing theories in every gravitational field are developed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1109.0021 [pdf]**
*submitted on 8 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Chun-Xuan Jiang

**Comments:** 6 pages. In Chinese

Using the tachyonic theory we find the new gravitational formula (16) and establish the expansion theory of
the Universe see Fig. 2, (22)-(25). We show that gravitons can be converted into the rest mass, see Fig. 2,
m-bar → m, (24) and (27). We point out that Newtonian gravitational theory is approximate and the general theory
of relativity is wrong.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1109.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 8 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Daniele Sasso

**Comments:** 8 pages.

In this paper the main aspects of the Theory of Reference Frames are presented:
in particular we consider the relativistic relation between time and mass, the
electrodynamics of a moving charged particle, the quantum electrodynamic behavior
of accelerated electron and a new explanation of the Compton effect.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1109.0007 [pdf]**
*submitted on 5 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Douglas L. Weller

**Comments:** 30 pages

Albert Einstein validated his field equations by demonstrating that they complied with
what he called the laws of momentum and energy. The most well-known solution to
Einstein's field equations is the Schwarzschild metric describing the gravitational field of a
mass point. Here is examined how what Einstein called the laws of momentum and energy
are manifest in the Schwarzschild metric and how these laws limit the geometry of space-time
that is defined by the Schwarzschild metric.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1109.0006 [pdf]**
*submitted on 5 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Douglas L. Weller

**Comments:** 32 pages

The laws of physics hold equally in reference frames that are in motion with respect to
each other. This premise of Albert Einstein's theory of relativity is a fairly easy concept to
understand in the abstract, however the mathematics-particularly the tensor calculus used by
Einstein to describe general relativity-used to flesh out this premise can be very complex,
making the subject matter difficult for the non-specialist to intuitively grasp. Here is set out a
fundamental principle of relativity that can be used as a tool to understand and explain special
and general relativity. The fundamental principle of relativity is used to independently derive
the Lorentz factor, the Minkowski metric and the Schwarzschild metric. The fundamental
principle is also used to derive metric tensors for systems with multiple point masses and to
explain Newtonian kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy and mass-energy equivalence
in the context of special and general relativity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1109.0003 [pdf]**
*replaced on 21 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Andrew Banks

**Comments:** 4 pages

Assume the standard configuration under Special Relativity (SR) and a light pulse is
emitted when the origins of two coordinate systems are common. Further assume v = .6c and that
the spherical light wave (SLW) has attained the unprimed coordinated (2ls,10ls,0) where ls is the
distance light travels in 1 second. Then t_{1} = √104s and
using LT, ( x'_{1} 1.25(2-.6√104) ,10 ,0) x_{1} = - ls .
Since x_{1} > and x'_{1} < , both frames agree along the line y = 10 the SLW is in between the two
origins. According to nature, the SLW will propagate further. So, assume that condition. Both
frames conclude, along the line y =10 , any further propagation of the SLW must place the SLW
further from its own origin assuming the light postulate in its frame. A valid question to propose
is, by considering coordinates only with y =10 and z = 0 , where will the SLW move to after
further propagation? If both frames agree the SLW must move further from the respective origin,
and the SLW is in between the two origins, then the SLW must move two different directions
along the line y = 10 to satisfy the SR conditions of each frame. Based on this fact, it will be
proven in the context of either frame, after further propagation of the SLW, Lorentz
transformations (LT) will contradict the light postulate in the target frame.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1109.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 1 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Xavier Terri Castañé

**Comments:** 21 pages

Theory of Everything? Any theory is already a theory of everything.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology