[19] **viXra:1008.0093 [pdf]**
*submitted on 31 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** J. Arnold

**Comments:** 14 Pages

It is proposed that light is at absolute rest, its apparent motion being the reflection
of the motion of mass in time. The hypothesis resolves the paradox of the
apparent wave/particle duality of light, accounts for its speed being invariant and
a limit, explains numerous other peculiarities of its behavior, and identifies the
motion of mass in time as the source of gravitational energy.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[18] **viXra:1008.0075 [pdf]**
*submitted on 26 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** V.V.Demjanov

**Comments:** 4 Pages

In 1960s several authors began independently studies of the
interferometric detection of "aether wind" using in the device optical media. Shamir&Fox in 1969
made measurements on the plexiglas and declared them "negative" (whereas they registered the shift
of the fringe at ~1/3000 of its width, and "determined" a corresponding to it velocity of aether
wind ~6.6 km/s). In 1973 Trimmer et al. mounted at the one-armed device the glass optics and
registered with a big resolution the shift of the interference fringe (at most ~10^{–6}
of its width) and determined by it the speed of "aether wind" ~3.8 cm/s. This result enhanced still
more the confidence in that the attempts to detect aether are unfavorable. However, my results of
the same years being favorable fell out of the common line of "negative" verdicts to aether. I
managed to register on gases, liquids and solid optical materials million times greater relative
fringe shifts (0.01÷5.0), revealed the horizontal projection of the aether wind velocity
hundreds km/s. Since my results "weakened the experimental foundation of special relativity",
their publishing is rejected until now.

In the current report I argue reasonably, relying on my experience, that Trimmer et al. (as well as Shamir &Fox), actually obtained positive results in their measurements of aether wind which amounts to several hundreds km/s, proceeding from the declared by them resolution of their experimental units. I believe their experimental data. But I guess that they were faced with hidden artefacts in the interferometer with solid optic materials and not aware of it. The theory used by them for processing the measurements of the interference fringe shift obtained is not appropriate for interferometers with solid optical materials. I have found the possible reason why Trimmer et al. did not reveal the experimental facts undermining theories repudiating aether.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:1008.0072 [pdf]**
*replaced on 30 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** J. Arnold

**Comments:** 2 Pages

Gravitation is described as a uniquely geometric phenomenon, incompatible with the
concepts of force and energy, and only analogically associable with non-geometric mathematical
formalizations. In particular, the mathematical derivation of gravitational waves from the field
equations is shown to be arbitrary and physically untenable.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[16] **viXra:1008.0065 [pdf]**
*submitted on 24 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Emil D. Gigov

**Comments:** 18 pages

Very true scientists, such as Rutherford, Soddy, Michelson, Sagnac, Lenard, Larmor,
McMillan and others, have claimed, that the Theory of relativity is wrong. Even Poincare
and Einstein are hinted something similar. Classical physics is far from simple, already
during the XIX century has been spoken about things like gravity waves, nuclear power and
variable mass. Theory of relativity as a whole, is based only on the hypothesis, that
the speed of light in Euclidean empty space is, invariant universal constant. But in
reality this velocity is variable, in Newtonian sense. Newton's emission theory of light,
has been proven through many experiments, for example by those of Michelson, Sagnac and
Fizeau. Also, the velocity of photons in one ray, is variable with respect to lateral
observer, and is consistent with the classical law for velocity addition.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:1008.0060 [pdf]**
*replaced on 22 Feb 2011*

**Authors:** A. Beckwith

**Comments:**
19 pages, one figure. Ties in DM and DE, in terms of a treatment partly suggested by Yurov,
as of 'double inflation'.

This document is due to a question by Debasish of the Saha institute of India asked in the
Dark Side of the Universe conference, 2010, in Leon, Mexico, and also is connected with issues
as to the initial configuration of the arrow of time brought up in both Rudn 10 , in Rencontres
de Blois, and Fundamental frontiers of physics 11 , in Paris, in July 2010. Further reference
is made as to how to reconcile early inflation with re acceleration, partly by dimensional
analysis and partly due to recounting a suggestion as by Yurov , which the author thinks has
merit and which ties into, to a point with using massive gravitons as a re acceleration of the
universe a billion years ago enabler, as perhaps a variant of DE.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:1008.0058 [pdf]**
*submitted on 21 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** John Michael Williams

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Two cosmonauts had been living in an obscure compartment of the Mir Orbiter for
seven years, ever since Ground Control inadvertently omitted them from a list of return
passengers...

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1008.0055 [pdf]**
*submitted on 20 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:**
2 pages, 1 figure. Actual proceedings submission to the Rencontres De Blois 2010 conference ,
with an emphasis upon issues brought up earlier, in a less organized fashion un Rudn 10,
in Moscow, May 30.

Initial relic entropy growth is presented in the context of a zero valued chemical potential and
different formulations of overall energy values, which may be tied into massive gravitons
appearing at the onset of inflation This is contrasted with the role of gravitons with non zero rest
mass in four dimensions a billion years ago. Questions as to if an interplay between two
different regimes for 'heavy' gravity are presented s open research issues.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1008.0053 [pdf]**
*submitted on 20 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:**
7 pages, one figure. Significant enhancement of arrow of time issue at the onset of
inflation which will be brought up in the DICE meeting , with other topics, in
September 13-17, 2010.

This investigation sets forth initial conditions for a start of the arrow of time in cosmology based
upon the idea that of having initil degrees of freedom set as g_{star} ~ 1000 initially , instead of a
maximum value of g_{star} ~ 100 - 120 for the number of degrees of freedom during the electro
weak era.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1008.0052 [pdf]**
*submitted on 19 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:**
5 pages. One figure. Contribution to the Rudn 10 conference
by Andrew Beckwith, in a parallel session in cosmology, May 30, 2010
at Peoples Friendship University, Moscow, Russia as a guest of the
Russian Gravitational society.

We ask if setting the vanishing chemical potential limit μ -> 0 with
entropy S ∝ T^{3} [1] for a number of degrees of freedom significantly
greater than the standard electroweak value of g_{star} ~ 100 - 120, do we
have a new foundation for the arrow of time in quantum cosmology
with inflation?

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1008.0051 [pdf]**
*submitted on 18 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Philip Gibbs

**Comments:**
11 pages, this is an updated version of an earlier paper originally archived as arXiv:gr-qc/9701028.
The cosmological constant has been added to the analysis, plus other small additions. Submitted to Prespacetime Journal.

A covariant formula for conserved currents of energy, momentum and angular-momentum is
derived from a general form of Noether's theorem applied directly to the Einstein-Hilbert
action of classical general relativity. Energy conservation in closed and flat big-bang
cosmologies including cosmic radiation and dark energy is discussed as special cases.
Special care is taken to distinguish between kinematic and dynamic expressions.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1008.0050 [pdf]**
*submitted on 18 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:**
12 pages, 1 figure. Part of what will be brought up in DICE
2010, as of September 13-17, 2010, in Italy . The other part of the DICE
presentation will be finished by the end of next week

We ask the question if an entropy S = E/T with a usual value
ascribed of initial entropy S ~ 10^{5} of the onset of inflation can allow
an order of magnitude resolution of the question of if there could be a
survival of a graviton from a prior to the present universe, using typical
Planckian peak temperature values of T ~ 10^{19} GeV. We obtain the
values consistent with up to 1038 gravitons contributing to an energy
value of E ~ 10^{24} GeV if we assume a relic energy contribution based
upon each graviton initially exhibiting a frequency spike of 1010 Hz.
The value of E ~ 10^{24} GeV is picked from looking at the aftermath of
what happens if there exists a quantum bounce with a peak density
value of ρ_{maximum} ~ 2.07 ρ_{Planck} as has been considered recently by
P. Malkiewicz and W. Piechocki [15] in the LQG bounce regime radii
of the order of magnitude of l ~ 10^{35} meters. In this paper estimates
specifically avoids using S = (E - μN)/T are done, by setting vanishing
chemical potential μ = 0 for ultra high temperatures. Finally
we compare briefly the obtained results with the ones recently investigated
by G. 't Hooft [20] and L.A. Glinka [21, 22].

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1008.0046 [pdf]**
*submitted on 17 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Stephan J. G. Gift

**Comments:** 8 pages

Light speed variation relative to a moving observer occurring
according to classical velocity composition is demonstrated using
Doppler Shift. This directly contradicts the light speed invariance
postulate of special relativity and confirms ether drift.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1008.0045 [pdf]**
*submitted on 16 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Hyoyoung Choi

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

This letter explains that density of positive mass and negative mass is almost uniformly throughout the whole
universe, but density of positive mass and negative mass included in a random universe radius R can be different
from each other. Like this, positive, zero, negative values of total gravitational potential energy are all possible
due to density difference of positive mass and negative mass included in a random universe radius R. This letter
is showing possibility in explaining the decelerating expansion and accelerating expansion due to density difference
of positive mass and negative mass because negative mass and positive mass conducts different forms of movement
depending on the density difference of positive mass and negative mass. As change of total gravitational potential
energy sign occurs from UT=0 and total gravitational potential energy oscillates based on 0. This provides valid
explanation regarding to the problems of the
atness of the universe and fine tuning.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1008.0042 [pdf]**
*replaced on 13 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Giuliano Bettini

**Comments:** 16 Pages. v1 in Italian, v2 in English

Ideas on a source of inertia from fixed stars have crossed Physics least Mach
onwards. Equations "Maxwell-like" for gravitation and inertia were obtained by
several authors as a subspecies of the simplified theory of General Relativity. A
precursor was Dennis Sciama.
Introducing a four-potential, I submit here a tentative interpretation of our laws about
gravity and inertia, in complete analogy with electromagnetism.
In classical mechanics is not introduced, usually, a four potential.
The field produced by this four-potential describes both gravitational and inertial
forces.
Admit the gauge transformation on potential is equivalent to enunciate the
equivalence principle, and vice versa.
Inertial forces (ex. Coriolis force) are interpreted as a field action.
All the inertia is interpreted as a field action.
The physical presence of this field seems to be a fact, even more concrete the usual
admission of inertial "fictitious forces".

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1008.0035 [pdf]**
*submitted on 12 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Stephan J. G. Gift

**Comments:** 8 pages

The one-way speed of light is determined using the range measurement
equation of the Global Positioning System. This equation has been rigorously and
extensively tested and verified in the Earth-Centred Inertial frame, a frame that moves
with the Earth as it revolves around the Sun but does not share its rotation. The result is a
simple demonstration of one-way light speed anisotropy depending on the direction of
propagation relative to the rotating Earth that contradicts the principle of light speed
constancy.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1008.0027 [pdf]**
*submitted on 10 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Juan Andrés Musante Apolo

**Comments:** 44 pages

A Lagrangian depending on geometric variables (metric, affine connection, gauge group
generators) is given which maintains compatibility with General Relativity. It generates
the dynamics for Electromagnetism and other Gauge Fields along with Gravitation, at
the time it gives a geometric foundation for the stress-energy tensor of continuous
matter. The geometric-invariance principle under this integration is exposed and the
resulting field equations are obtained. The theory is developed over the tangent space
of a four-dimensional real manifold and the generators become those from the Homogenous
Lorentz group.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1008.0023 [pdf]**
*replaced on 9 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Morgan D. Rosenberg

**Comments:** 10 pages

By considering the gravitational field as an optical medium with a radially-dependent
index of refraction, we are able to show that a physical model of space being radially
compressed by mass, rather than curved by mass, as in general relativity, yields the
same results predicted by Einstein's theory of general relativity. We are further able
to show that this spatial compression is equivalent to the Lorentz contraction of
special relativity. The predictions of general relativity are all derived with relatively
basic mathematics without reliance on the grossly complex Riemannian geometry needed
for Einstein's curved space-time model.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1008.0009 [pdf]**
*submitted on 5 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** Chun-Xuan Jiang

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In this paper we find a new gravitational formula:
F-bar = -mc^{2}/R = and establish an expansion theory of the
universe with no dark matter and no dark energy

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1008.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** V.V. Demjanov

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Up to 1960ies the measurement of the aether wind velocity by the technology of Michelson
presumed that a medium placed across the path of light rays has no substantial significance (except
as being an obstacle) for obtaining the expected shift of the interference fringe from the brought
together orthogonal rays on the interference of the turnabout device. In 1960ties several authors
began independent research on the Michelson-type interferometers with different optical media used
as light carriers. J.Shamir and R.Fox declared "negative" the results of their measurements on
the plexiglas (though they registered the fringe shift 1/3000 fraction of the fringe's width and
determined the respective velocity of aether wind 6.5 km/s). The authors considered this result as
"enhancing the experimental basis of special relativity", and their report has been published. My
results of same years appeared to be positive. I managed to register on gaseous, liquid and solid
optically transparent bodies hundred times greater relative shifts of the fringe (0.01-5.0) giving for
horizontal projection of the aether wind velocity the value hundreds km/s. At different times of day
and night at the latitude of Obninsk city I registered the changing of this velocity in the interval
140-480 km/s. Insofar as my results "weaken the experimental basis of special relativity", their
publication is still refused.
I will show in the present report, basing on my experimental experience, that in reality Shamir and
Fox obtained positive results. The historical precedence of misunderstanding the positive
measurements of aether wind of the order 200-400 km/s, performed by Michelson and Miller in 1920-1930ies
at lengthened to 32 m air light carriers, described by me in arXiv:0910.5658v3, 24 June 2010,
repeated in the work by Shamir and Fox. Misunderstood was another artifact, manifesting itself in an
interferometer with a solid light carrier. In the current work, I explain the nature of this artifact,
hiding from Shamir and Fox their experimental success in detecting the aether wind velocity of
hundreds km/s. I discussed also the inadequacy of their own interpretation of the results.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology