[10] **viXra:1009.0075 [pdf]**
*submitted on 28 Sep 2010*

**Authors:** Giuliano Bettini

**Comments:** 18 pages. In Italian, a short English version is included.

Recently gravitoelectromagnetism ("GEM") has been discussed by a number of authors. In this
paper, after a brief reminder of viXra:1008.0042 "An interpretation of the laws of gravity and
inertia", it is shown that the law of motion and the gravitoelectromagnetic fields can be deduced
from the Lagrange function of a non relativistic particle in a non inertial reference frame. The
discussion has been extended to the Faraday induction law: a gravity field can be induced in a loop
if the gravitomagnetic flux through the loop is changed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1009.0074 [pdf]**
*submitted on 27 Sep 2010*

**Authors:** John Michael Williams

**Comments:** 6 pages

If light is made of particles or waves which propagate at the same
speed in all inertial frames, then the speed of light is the greatest
speed possible.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1009.0067 [pdf]**
*submitted on 23 Sep 2010*

**Authors:** Alvydas Jakeliunas

**Comments:** 1 page

New equations to eliminate spacetime curvature.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1009.0065 [pdf]**
*replaced on 25 Oct 2010*

**Authors:** Willard Mittelman

**Comments:** 5 pages

We consider a recent attempt by Gogberashvili and Kanatchikov to connect the value of the
fine structure constant α with cosmological parameters. After pointing out an error in
the authors' account, we show that by modifying their treatment of dark energy a suitable
value of a can still be obtained using current values of the relevant cosmological
parameters. We also address the question of α's determination in earlier cosmological
eras

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1009.0059 [pdf]**
*replaced on 6 Oct 2010*

**Authors:** Karunakar Marasakatla

**Comments:** 4 pages

Answers to ten simple questions reveals that the standard
theory of physics defies logic or reason similar to the fairy tales.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1009.0057 [pdf]**
*replaced on 6 Apr 2011*

**Authors:** V.V. Demjanov

**Comments:** 10 pages.

We show that measured by S.Herrmann et al., Phys.Rev.D 80, 105011 (2009) small (but finite) value of relative variation (δν/ν>0) of the resonance frequency of an evacuated optical resonator, when changing its orientation in space, can not serve as an indication of the absence of a preferred direction concerned with the absolute motion of the setup. On the contrary, the finiteness δν/ν>0 testifies to spatial anisotropy of the velocity of light. In order to detect the absolute motion and determine the value and direction of its velocity, the volume of the resonator should be regarded, at any degree of evacuation, as being an optical medium, with its refractive index *n*>1 to be necessarily taken into account, irrespective of the extent to be the medium's tenuity. In this event the residual pressure of the evacuated medium should be controlled: that will ensure the magnitude of *n* to be known at least to the first significant digit after 1.00000...

If the working body is a gas then, as in the case of the fringe shift in the interferometer, the shift δν of the resonance frequency of the volume resonator is proportional to *n*^{2}–1=Δε and to the square of the velocity υ of absolute motion of the resonator. At sufficiently large values of optical density, δν is proportional to (*n*^{2}–1)(2–*n*^{2})=Δε(1–Δε), and at *n*>1.5 it may possess such a great value that there even becomes possible a jump of the automatic laser frequency trimmer from the chosen *m*-mode of the reference resonator to its adjacent *m*±1 modes. Taking into account the effect of the medium permittivity by introducing in calculation the actual value *n*>1 in experiments with resonators performed by the scheme of the Michelson experiment enabled us to estimate the absolute speed of the Earth as several hundreds kilometers per second.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1009.0056 [pdf]**
*replaced on 1 Dec 2010*

**Authors:** Arkadiusz Jadczyk

**Comments:** 38 pages

Using the standard Cayley transform and elementary tools it is reiterated
that the conformal compactification of the Minkowski space involves
not only the "cone at infinity" but also the 2-sphere that is at the base of
this cone. We represent this 2-sphere by two additionally marked points
on the Penrose diagram for the compactified Minkowski space. Lacks and
omissions in the existing literature are described, Penrose diagrams are
derived for both, simple compactification and its double covering space,
which is discussed in some detail using both the U(2) approach and the exterior
and Clifford algebra methods. Using the Hodge ☆ operator twistors
(i.e. vectors of the pseudo-Hermitian space H_{2}. Killing vector fields corresponding
to the left action of U(2) on itself are explicitly calculated.
Isotropic cones and corresponding projective quadrics in H_{p;q} are also
discussed. Applications to flat conformal structures, including the normal
Cartan connection and conformal development has been discussed in some
detail.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1009.0023 [pdf]**
*submitted on 7 Sep 2010*

**Authors:** Xavier Terri Castañé

**Comments:** 11 pages

Connected theory is not only a theory about gravitation. It is the
theory that has eliminate absolute space and inertials reference frames of
Newton-Einstein. Presentation of the relational metric that eliminates absolute rotation
movements.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1009.0020 [pdf]**
*replaced on 8 Sep 2010*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:**
9 pages, 2 figures. Will be brought up as part of poster in DICE 2010, as part of Beckwith's DICE 2010
contribution to the conference proceedings.

The idea is to cut down on the number of independent variables to get as simple an emergent space
time structure of entropy and its generation as possible. Initial assumptions as to
T_{Planck} ~ 10^{19}. An effective electric field, based upon the Cosmological Schwinger
principle is derived, via dimensional analysis, then a heat flux, with subsequent entropy
production in a manner tied in with candidates as to inflaton potentials in a way the author has not
seen in the literature. The effective electric field is important because it enables a direct analogy
with the Schwinger result, 1951, of an E field leading to a numerical count of
pairs of e^{+}e^{-} echarges
nucleated in a space time volume V.t . Note that in most inflationary models, the usual
assumption is for a magnetic field, not electric field. Having an electric field permits a kink anti
kink construction in lieu of what Beckwith did in CDW (PhD dissertation) plus allows for explicit
emergent relic particle frequency range between one to 100 GigaHertz. The novel contribution is
the importance of a relic E field, instead of a B field, in inflationary relic particle formation and
vacuum nucleation for reasons explained in this manuscript.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1009.0001 [pdf]**
*replaced on 4 Sep 2010*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:**
10 pages, 1 figure

The following document attempts to answer the role additional degrees of freedom have as to
initial inflationary cosmology. I.e. the idea is to cut down on the number of independent variables
to get as simple an emergent space time structure of entropy and its generation as possible. One
parameter being initial degrees of freedom, the second the minimum allowed grid size in space
time, and the final parameter being emergent space time temperature. In order to initiate this
inquiry, a comparison is made to two representations of a scale evolutionary Friedman equation,
with one of the equations based upon LQG, and another involving an initial Hubble expansion
parameter with initial temperature T_{Planck} ~ 10^{19} GeV used as an input
into T^{4} times N(T).
Initial assumptions as to the number of degrees of freedom has for T_{Planck} ~ 10^{19} GeV a
maximum value of N(T) ~ 10^{3} . Making that upper end approximation for the value of permissible
degrees of freedom is dependent upon a minimum grid size length as of about
l_{Planck} ~ 10^{33}l centimeters. Should the minimum uncertainty grid size for space time be higher
than l_{Planck} ~ 10^{33} centimeters, then top value degrees of freedom of phase space as given by a
value N(T) ~ 10^{3} drops. In addition, the issue of bits, i.e. information is shown to not only have
temperature dependence, but to be affected by minimum 'grid size' as well. A bifurcation diagram
argument involving Hemoltz free energy as a 'driver' to push through a transition from a prior
universe to the present universe, with classical physics behavior down to a grid size of
l_{Planck} ~ 10^{33} centimeters ( i.e. start of quantum gravity effects) is employed to invoke use of
classical physics down to l_{Planck} ~ 10^{33} centimeters. Subsequent chaotic dynamics during the
expansion phase driven by Helmholtz free energy leads to up to N(T) ~ 10^{3} degrees of freedom at
the start of the inflationary regime. The possibility this semi classical argument for increase of the
degrees of freedom up to N(T) ~ 10^{3} is tied in with the possible emergence of space time E8
embedding is included as a speculative bonus. This is akin to Bogolyubov "spontaneous" particle
creation arguments outlined in the article.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology