[36] **viXra:1703.0250 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-26 12:11:54*

**Authors:** Peter C Morris

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Prof. Reg Cahill has reported [1] that Random Event Generator (REG) devices can
detect passage of dynamical 3-space waves. Herein we describe an attempt to ﬁnd addi-
tional evidence for this discovery, using data from a REG located in Perth, Australia and
from another in Manchester, U.K., for ﬁfteen days centered on each full moon during a
period of one year.
For each day we applied correlation analysis to determine travel times for putative
waves. Then wave speed and direction, over each 24 hour period, were determined
by ﬁtting to the observed travel times, theoretical curves of how travel times would vary
with Earth rotation. We thereby derived an average incoming RA, declination, speed
and associated standard deviations for the waves of each day.
Following this we examined the directions and speeds to determine if they were consis-
tent with a real physical phenomena, rather than being artifacts of random correlations.
To this end we made use of probability density plots and other statistical techniques. On
the way we recognized that wave orientation is not the same as 3-space ﬂow direction
and that it is the latter rather than the former which is of principle interest. Geometry
implies that variation of ﬂow speed will cause the detected speeds of wave fronts mov-
ing parallel to 3-space ﬂow to have larger standard deviations than those moving across
the ﬂow. On this basis we preferentially selected the 50% of days with the largest speed
standard deviations as being the most likely proxies for space ﬂow direction.
A probability density plot of directions for these days exhibited a peak near RA = 4.5 h,
consistent with previous determinations of incoming 3-space ﬂow direction by Cahill
[3] and Dayton Miller [8]. Moreover, removing Earth orbital and gravitational in-
ﬂow velocities from the observed velocities allowed a peak of higher density to be
obtained, which is consistent with what one would expect of a real physical phenom-
ena. The peak indicated a most probable galactic ﬂow direction of RA = 4.14 h, dec = −77.8 deg, and wave speed of 500 km/s.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[35] **viXra:1703.0245 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-26 06:23:44*

**Authors:** T. Görnitz

**Comments:** 26 Pages.

Some thirty years ago, the model of a closed cosmos expanding at the speed of light was develo-ped deriving from basic quantum-theoretical arguments. In this model, the equation of state reads ρ+3p=0 (ρ and p denoting cosmological energy density and pressure). At the core of the model, there are the quantum bits of absolute quantum information (AQI), the simplest of all possible quantum structures. Taken as the ultimate substance, referred to as protyposis, the AQI concept affords a unifying explanation of the structure of space and time and the evolution of the cosmos and its inventory.
Recent astrophysical investigations show that the protyposis model is in better agreement with the observation data than the present standard flat - Λ CDM model. Ad hoc assumptions such as Dark Energy and Inflation are dispensable.
The protyposis theory has been advanced to account for the formation of relativistic quantum particles from AQI bits. Moreover, a rationalization has been given of the General Theory of Rela-tivity and of the three non-gravitational forces.
Ultimately, the protyposis concept will allow us to understand the emergence of both matter and consciousness.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[34] **viXra:1703.0239 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-26 10:13:01*

**Authors:** Mohammed Mezouar

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Through a new variant of the Langevin’s twin thought experiment, we show that the difference
in their age is just what offer Lorentz transformations as a “tempting” appearance.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[33] **viXra:1703.0234 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-26 11:23:34*

**Authors:** Steven Kenneth Kauffmann

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Because the Einstein equation can't by itself determine the gravitational metric-tensor field, it is important to attempt to explicitly formulate the coordinate condition corresponding to the coordinates which observational and empirical physical scientists would naturally use in the presence of gravitation. Coordinate conditions can't be generally covariant, but since it has been demonstrated that the Einstein equation can be derived in a purely special-relativistic context, they almost certainly should be restricted to being Lorentz-covariant. Since Minkowski coordinates are the natural coordinate choice when gravitation is absent, coordinate conditions should be satisfied identically by the Minkowski tensor. Finally, one would prefer to eschew coordinate conditions which for the Schwarzschild solution produce a physically unnatural closed shell of positive radius where the time-dilation factor is infinite. Among the widely used coordinate conditions, only the so-called "harmonic" contracted affine-connection coordinate condition is Lorentz covariant, but it produces a positive Schwarzschild radius. The only alternate way to contract the affine connection corresponds to fixing the metric tensor's determinant to its -1 Minkowski value, and allows the Schwarzschild radius to be zero. Although other coordinate conditions also produce zero Schwarzschild radius, the Minkowski-determinant coordinate condition is the only Lorentz-covariant one so far found to do so.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[32] **viXra:1703.0222 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-24 13:28:35*

**Authors:** D. Chakalov

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Text added and typos (hardly all) corrected. Comments welcome.

It seems possible to suggest a hypothetical evolution equation in cosmology, which permits unlimited creatio ex nihilo of mass and energy from the quantum vacuum, yet does not lead to any catastrophic event.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[31] **viXra:1703.0221 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-23 07:36:53*

**Authors:** Yibing Qiu

**Comments:** 1 Page.

abstract:shows a veiwpoint with regards to the dark matter and dark energy.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[30] **viXra:1703.0216 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-22 12:05:37*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) shows that the spinning cosmic loops built of the entangled Einstein-spacetime (ES) components, with centres overlapping with centres of galaxies, are the basic dark-matter (DM) structures. Their interactions with baryonic matter via weak interactions of leptons lead to the flat rotation curves of galaxies. Here, applying such mechanism, we derived universal law that relates actual baryonic masses of galaxies with radial accelerations of stars at a critical radius (for radii bigger than such radius, there dominates the baryon-DM interaction). We calculated as well a parameter at a critical scale that is consistent with observational data. We need to change our ideas about dark matter.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[29] **viXra:1703.0215 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-22 12:10:25*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

New data suggest that the initial period of evolution of galaxies should be modified. Here, on the basis of the cosmology described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we explain in a very simple way why spins of massive galaxies are, generally, perpendicular to cosmic filaments whereas of dwarf galaxies are, generally, tangential to them.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[28] **viXra:1703.0213 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-21 14:27:22*

**Authors:** Pantelis M. Pechlivanides

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

Based on the paths of signals emanating from a rotating point body, we find the equations and properties of the field that they form. Depending on the type of observer the field differs. The field is not central but varies in orientation and magnitude with both distance and angular velocity of rotation. The magnitude of the field in some cases forms a barrier away from the origin, which may be very strong depending on the angular velocity of rotation. The results apply both to microcosmos (sub-atomic level) and macrocosmos (cosmic level).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[27] **viXra:1703.0209 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-21 11:29:24*

**Authors:** Raymond HV Gallucci, Pe

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Electric Universe Theory (EUT) offers serious objections to the current concept of pulsars (neutron stars) as almost unbelievably dense, very small diameter, possibly incredibly rapidly rotating, collapsed star cores with densities comparable to an atomic nucleus, composed entirely of neutronium. Objections are both physical, phenomenological and geometrical/mathematical. This paper examines the last set, geometrical/mathematical, comparing what might derive from the current theory with that postulated by EUT, namely that “pulsars” are really binary “strobe” stars.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[26] **viXra:1703.0207 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-21 13:20:24*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

This paper explains the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[25] **viXra:1703.0206 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-21 09:56:01*

**Authors:** Mirosław J. Kubiak

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Until the early twentieth century, the three-dimensional space and one-dimensional time were considered separate beings. In 1909, German mathematician H. Minkowski connected together space and time into single idea, creating a new the four-dimensional spacetime. We proposed the extension of this idea by the connection together the Minkowski four-dimensional spacetime and the mass density into the single idea, creating a new entity: the four-dimensional spacetime with the mass density. In this article we discussed the physical consequences of this new idea in terms of the gravitational phenomena.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[24] **viXra:1703.0197 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-21 03:17:26*

**Authors:** Elkin Igor Vladimirovich

**Comments:** 3 Pages. ...........

The influence of the speed of motion of the satellite and the Earth relative to Jupiter is skipped by a Römer. The influence of distance is greatly exaggerated.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[23] **viXra:1703.0193 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-20 06:18:49*

**Authors:** Daniele Sasso

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

The dark universe represents a concept of present physics and cosmology that regards whether great stellar systems or elementary particles. The first question, that has to be considered, concerns its effective existence because there are at present only a few experimental proofs and its existence is purely theoretical and it is due to the difference between total matter and energy predicted by theoretical calculations and those deriving from experimental measurements. The second question regards its physical nature. In general at least a part of dark matter is explained in the present physics by the gravitational theory like in the event of black holes. In the order of the Theory of Reference Frames (TR) dark matter, in all possible shapes including black holes, is explained by the relativistic theory of the Doppler Effect, whether for cosmological systems or for elementary particles and besides the Doppler Effect represents also an useful theoretical tool for explaining the physical behaviour of variable stars and galaxies.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[22] **viXra:1703.0179 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-19 05:20:50*

**Authors:** Radwan M. Kassir

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

In this essay, light is shed on the Special Relativity hidden conflicts. The first part, consisting of the first five headings, will point out some of the Special Relativity self-contradictions in relation to its main five outcomes. The second part reveals the reasons beyond the Special Relativity inconsistencies.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[21] **viXra:1703.0175 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-17 23:01:41*

**Authors:** Vladimir F. Tamari

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

A Universe without aim or intent, and without the brilliant but problematic theories of Einstein is proposed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[20] **viXra:1703.0169 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-16 15:29:59*

**Authors:** Eric Su

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Translational symmetry in one-dimensional space requires the distance between two objects moving at equal speed under equal acceleration to be constant in time. However, motion between the object and the observer is relative. Therefore, this distance is constant in time for an accelerating observer. Consequently, the length of an accelerating object is constant in time. The length of an object is invariant to its motion.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[19] **viXra:1703.0161 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-16 07:17:54*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

New data based on observations obtained at the Very Large Telescope (VLT) of the European Southern Observatory (ESO), Paranal, Chile, lead to conclusion that baryons in the early Universe efficiently condensed at the centres of dark matter halos when dark matter was less concentrated. It means that we must solve following cosmological problem: Was there a sufficiently long period during the mainstream Big Bang for concentration of baryonic matter, partially separated from dark matter, to create the discs of massive galaxies in very early Universe? Here we showed that new data are consistent with the evolution of massive galaxies presented within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The main features are as follows. The expansion of the Universe was separated in time from the inflation. The return shock wave after the inflation created the cosmic structure which looked as very big quasar (the Protoworld). Inside the torus of the Protoworld were created massive protogalaxies with supermassive black holes in their centres. Due to a phase transition of the Protoworld, its torus and supermassive central black hole transformed into dark matter. Only then there were the inflows of dark matter and dark energy into the baryonic protogalaxies.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[18] **viXra:1703.0158 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-15 16:18:32*

**Authors:** Rajiv Thapa

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

A novel technique was introduced to re-investigate the “No Drama” conclusion of the Equivalence principle at the event horizon of the Schwarzschild Black Hole. It was found that the Equivalence principle has a different solution at the event horizon, on contrary to the popular belief that the gravitational effect on the observer at the horizon holds the similar properties as that to the observer travelling in the weaker gravitational field.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:1703.0157 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-15 16:38:07*

**Authors:** Jozef Radomanski

**Comments:** 35 Pages.

The article shows that based on the obvious postulates, using the existing mathematical tools, an alternative theory of special relativity can be build. The results were obtained studying the invariance of a four-dimensional wave equation by the paravector calculus. As a field domain the complex space-time was selected. Its meaningfulness and implicit naturalness is shown on simple examples. The aim of the publication is to show that the physical space-time may be viewed from a different perspective, not known so far.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[16] **viXra:1703.0154 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-20 12:15:04*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

It is obvious that the Special Theory of Relativity (SR) applies only to systems containing physical inertial reference systems, each equipped with a physical clock initially synchronized with other clocks. This leads to the conclusion that it is easy to prove that SR is logically inconsistent when we try to describe, via SR, a system in which listed above two conditions, i.e. inertia and initial synchronization, are simultaneously not satisfied. Contrary to the SR based on the Lorentz Transformation, the SR based on the law of conservation of spin shows that we cannot synchronize clocks separated spatially with non-zero relative velocity (both theories lead to the same formulae). Here we described the initial conditions which must be satisfied to obtain a system composed of physical inertial reference systems with initially synchronized physical clocks. In previous papers we showed why SR sometimes leads to formulae which do not concern Nature - it applies to the SR contraction in length and phenomena in which, apart from radial velocities automatically appear, due to flows in the Einstein spacetime, transverse velocities also.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:1703.0150 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-15 08:51:06*

**Authors:** Stephen J Crothers

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Physicists since Einstein have assumed that the Galilean system of clock-synchronised stationary observers is consistent with the Special Theory of Relativity. More specifically, they have always assumed that the Galilean system of clock-synchronised stationary observers, that obeys the Galilean transformation equations, is consistent with the non-Galilean Lorentz transformation equations. Einstein's assumption is however, demonstrably false.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:1703.0143 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-14 11:04:47*

**Authors:** Stephen J Crothers

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Length contraction is a principal feature of the Special Theory of Relativity. It is purported to be independent of position, being a function only of uniform relative velocity, via the Lorentz Transformation. However, it is not possible for a system of clock-synchronised stationary observers to assign by the Lorentz Transformation, a common definite length to any object in a 'moving system'. Consequently, the Theory of Relativity is false due to an insurmountable intrinsic logical contradiction.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1703.0141 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-14 12:54:38*

**Authors:** Witold Nawrot

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

The Theory of Relativity is almost certainly based on a serious error that led to the unnecessary complication of the model of space-time and practically stopped the development of science for 100 years. The essence of the error is the assumption that the reality looks exactly as we perceive it. Authors of the Theory of Relativity ignored the analysis of the process of observation which may make the observed shape of the reality different from its real shape.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1703.0139 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-14 05:27:00*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) we showed that for a free-fall on neutron black hole (NBH), the relativistic mass is real so synchronization of clocks via the Lorentz Transformation is logically inconsistent. To obtain correct formula for gravitational time dilation, instead of using the Lorentz Transformation, we must start from the law of conservation of spin. Near and inside the Schwarzschild surface the gravitating grainy Einstein spacetime (ES) inspirals towards the centre of NBH (the ES leaks from NBH via the NBH jets). It causes that near the Schwarzschild surface down to the surface of NBH (its equatorial radius is two times smaller than the Schwarzschild radius) the time dilation does not follow from pure radial motions but from orbital motions as well. We showed that time practically stops when vector sum of orbital and radial velocities of freely falling body is close to the velocity of light in “vacuum” c. Due to the inspiralling ES, the trajectory of the body is deflected from the radial direction but trajectories of a freely falling initially radial photon and the body do not overlap. The inspiralling ES causes that for a distant observer, the radial speed on the Schwarzschild surface of a freely falling body is lower than c. For radii smaller than the equatorial radius of NBH, time is going as in frame of reference in the absolute rest - it follows from the fact that inside NBH both NBH and ES have the same angular velocities.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1703.0110 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-12 05:38:13*

**Authors:** Grisha Filippov

**Comments:** Pages.

In 1900, A. Poincare discussed the Problem about two inertial observers that exchanged by light signals. In 1905 A. Einstein gave solution this problem in the form of the Lorentz transformations.
From the point of view of Similarity theory the Lorentz transformations are Similarity transformations. Moreover, according this theory can be another solutions of the Poincare problem.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1703.0099 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-10 15:32:03*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Our universe probably began as a production of the "Multiverse", which is truly eternal and infinite, the "scientific" (or rational) equivalent of "God". The "given" physical constants which cannot be otherwise derived have their origins in the Multiverse. All else can be explained through considerations of conservation of energy and symmetry (Noether's Theorem).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1703.0093 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-14 04:25:54*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Time dilation is a principal feature of the Special Theory of Relativity. It is purported to be independent of position, being a function only of uniform relative velocity, via the Lorentz Transformation. However, it is not possible for a 'clock-synchronised stationary system' of observers K to assign a definite time to any 'event' relative to a 'moving system' k using the Lorentz Transformation. Consequently, the Theory of Relativity is false due to an insurmountable intrinsic logical contradiction.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1703.0066 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-14 06:16:31*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Here we showed that we can derive the Special-Theory-of-Relativity (SR) energy-momentum relation and the formulae for relativistic mass and time dilation on the basis of the law of conservation of spin on assumption that the SR length contraction is invalid. The SR length contraction follows from the Lorentz Transformation so the Lorentz Transformation violates the law of conservation of spin - the SR needs a reformulation. Notice as well that the reciprocation of the SR time dilation (each observer claims that the moving clocks are time dilated) suggests that the SR is an incomplete theory. Generally, theories starting from the Lorentz Transformation lead to correct formulae because we incorrectly assume that the relativistic mass is always not real. The Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) shows that the consistent SR and General Theory of Relativity (GR), instead starting from the invariant speed of light, must start from the law of conservation of spin (it concerns the spin-0 particles as well). The origin of the SR reciprocation is considered. We showed that grainy spacetime, commonness of spinning vortices of matter inside particles and conservation of spin lead directly to the SR and to the GR formula for the gravitational time dilation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1703.0060 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-07 04:56:09*

**Authors:** Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

An observed two-dimensional shadow might encompass more information than its corresponding three-dimensional object. By changing the orientation of a three-dimensional object or the observer’s position, we detect different shadows from diverse perspectives, therefore increasing our available information. Starting from this simple observation and extending it to the Einstein’s four-dimensional spacetime and to Bekenstein and Hawking equations, we show how, in terms of special and general relativity, information content is not a stationary and fixed quantity as currently believed, but rather depends on the observer’s standpoint. This has deep implications in digital physics, information theory, computer vision, shape theory and cosmology.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1703.0047 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-16 09:58:27*

**Authors:** Stephen J Crothers

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Physicists since Einstein have assumed that a system of clock-synchronised stationary observers is consistent with the Lorentz Transformation. Without both, the Theory of Relativity fails. Herein I assure a stationary system of observers by mathematical construction and then prove that a system of clock-synchronised stationary observers is inconsistent with the Lorentz Transformation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1703.0044 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-05 09:40:57*

**Authors:** V.D.Krasnov

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

A mechanism of originating and forming of the inclination of the rotation plane of the planets (bodies) in the space systems of planetary type is considered. The inclination of the rotation plane is formed by resonant oscillations of planets (bodies) along the direction of motion of planetary systems. The resonant oscillations are a natural condition of all cosmic formations of planetary type.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1703.0043 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-03-05 09:49:41*

**Authors:** V.D.Krasnov

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Continuous attempts to create theories of the Moon's motion have been made since the time of Isaac Newton.
The theory of the Moon's motion which would take into account the influence of the Sun, Earth and other planets proved to be one of the most complicated tasks in astronomy.
In this article, a physical model of the lunar motion built on the basis of the statements of the "Comprehensive Law of Motion of Objects in Planetary Type Systems" is presented.
It is shown that the Moon's motion is formed by a complex combination of the gravitational attraction from the Earth and the Sun, acting on the Moon in the direction of the planetary system's motion.
In accordance with the physical model presented, a calculation of the Moon's motion is performed.
The results of the calculations of the Moon's motion in the field of mutual interaction of the Earth, Sun, and Moon, agree with the motion observed and confirm the Theory of Lunar Motion set forth here.
Any quantity of bodies (planets) affecting the Moon's motion could be included in the the calculations.
The results of the calculations verify the "Comprehensive Law of Motion of Objects in Planetary Type Systems".

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1703.0034 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-17 16:10:15*

**Authors:** Richard J. Benish

**Comments:** 11 Pages. Fixed subscripts in Eq. (4). Other minor changes.

Human ideas of how life and consciousness relate to mathematics and physics are conditioned by the fact that we have lived our lives on a 5.97 x 10^24 kg ball of matter. These ideas would arguably be different if we had evolved instead inside a large rotating world far from astronomical bodies. Contemplating the latter perspective provides some insight on how prevailing views may be in error and how to correct them.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1703.0009 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-13 09:40:26*

**Authors:** M. B. Cilek

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Copyright M.B.Cilek - All Rights Reserved

General Theory of Relativity constitutes the framework for our understanding of the universe, with an emphasis on gravity. Many of Einstein’s predictions have been verified experimentally but General and Special Theories of Relativity contain several anomalies and paradoxes, yet to be answered. Also, there are serious conflicts with Quantum Mechanics; gravity being the weakest and least understood force, is a major problem.
Supported by clear experimental evidence, it is theorised that gravity is not a field or spacetime curvature effect, but rather has a flow mechanism. This is not an alternative theory of gravity with an alternative metric. Established laws and equations from Newton and Einstein are essentially left unchanged. However, spacetime curvature is replaced with flow, producing a refined and compatible theory.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1703.0007 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-03-07 23:45:32*

**Authors:** Stephen J. Crothers

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Einstein's method of synchronising clocks in his Special Theory of Relativity is inconsistent with the Lorentz Transformation, despite the latter being a fundamental component of his theory. This inconsistency subverts the very foundations of Special Relativity because it follows that Einstein's time dilation and length contraction are also quite generally inconsistent with the Lorentz Transformation. Moreover, clock synchronisation is inconsistent with the Lorentz Transformation. Clock synchronisation and the Lorentz Transformation are mutually exclusive.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology