[19] **viXra:1907.0237 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-14 10:46:13*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Adrian Klein, Slobodan Nedic, Yunita Umniyati, Marian Mesina

**Comments:** 387 Pages. This book is still a draft version. Your comments and suggestions are welcome

It is a wide-spread rumor among the Frontiers of physics, that some time “sweeping under the rug” practice has been quite the norm rather than exception. In other words, the leading paradigms have strong tendency to be hailed as the only game in town. For example, renormalization group theory was hailed as cure in order to solve infinity problem in QED theory.
A quote from Richard Feynman goes as follows:
“What the three Nobel Prize winners did, in the words of Feynman, was "to get rid of the infinities in the calculations. The infinities are still there, but now they can be skirted around . . . We have designed a method for sweeping them under the rug."[1]
And Paul Dirac himself also wrote with similar tune:
“Hence most physicists are very satisfied with the situation. They say: "Quantum electrodynamics is a good theory, and we do not have to worry about it any more." I must say that I am very dissatisfied with the situation, because this socalled "good theory" does involve neglecting infinities which appear in its equations, neglecting them in an arbitrary way. This is just not sensible mathematics. Sensible mathematics involves neglecting a quantity when it turns out to be small—not neglecting it just because it is infinitely great and you do not want it!”[2]
Similarly, dark matter and dark energy were elevated as plausible way to solve the crisis in prevalent Big Bang cosmology.
That is why we choose a theme here: Speakable and Unspeakable in Contemporary Physics, analogous to J.S. Bell’s book.[3]
Similarly we observe similar sweeping under the rug practice in the electromagnetic theory development, in particular what is termed as "longitudinal wave."

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[18] **viXra:1907.0235 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-14 13:00:05*

**Authors:** George R. Briggs

**Comments:** 1 Page. The Apollo moon flight occurred 50 years ago: I saw the Saturn V take off.

Abstract: The physics magic number 50 appears on MHCE8S theory 2019 flow charts: it was responsible for the metal tin and its useful alloy bronze which led to early great civilizations.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:1907.0234 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-16 23:00:58*

**Authors:** Eric Su

**Comments:** 5 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The observation of spectral shift in astronomy bears great similarity to the frequency shift in the Doppler effect.
Both blueshift and redshift can be described by the movement of the double-slit interference.
In the rest frame of the star,
the light passes through the slit to travel a straight path to reach the projection screen.
The intersection of this path and the screen determines how the spectrum is shifted.
If the screen moves away from the path, the spectrum will be shifted away from the center of the screen.
This is known as redshift. If the screen moves toward the path, the spectrum will be shifted toward the center of the screen.
This is known as blueshift. The spectrum not only shifts in position but also resizes proportionally.
The spectral shift is caused by the motion of earth in the rest frame of the star while the wavelength of the star light remains
constant.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[16] **viXra:1907.0214 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-12 10:13:27*

**Authors:** Geo Douglas

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In this paper, a new formula to determine the size of the accretion disks at the center of galaxies. The formula starts with Einstein’s field equations and moves to the Schwarzschild radius. From there, following the patterns of nature and the golden ratio, I have configured a precise formula to determine the radius, diameter and circumference of all accretion disks that surround supermassive black holes.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:1907.0212 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-12 10:44:07*

**Authors:** Lubomir Vlcek

**Comments:** 4 Pages. Einstein's theory works only for v < 0.1c.

Nobel laureates in physics are mostly physicists, who mainly create and defend physics. Einstein never received a Nobel prize for relativity...
For nearly 100 years ago have been Nobel Prize winners said:
"- The theory of relativity is a mathematical and not a physical theory.
- The theory is far from being confirmed experimentally, the results of the solar eclipse expeditions allow other interpretations
- The principle of relativity is only valid for mass-dependent movements
- The theory of relativity contradicts the fundamental ideas about space and time: the Euclidean space and the usual ideas of time must remain binding. "

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:1907.0148 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-10 03:54:35*

**Authors:** José Alberto Pardi

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

The replacement of the vacuum dielectric constant Epsilon0, in the energy equation of electromagnetic fields, is a key element in any attempt to quantize the gravitational fields that is based on the reality of our Universe and not in a pure conceptual exercise. Usually, the choice falls on the inverse of the Universal Gravitational Constant G. This seems reasonable, since Epsilon0 has an inverse relationship with the Coulomb constant K, used to determine the force between two charges, just like G does between two masses. But this choice leads to the replacement of the unit charge by a mass not very common in the Universe: the Planck’s mass. However, the fine structure found in the Cosmos in the last century and the dimension of Time Crystals found in 2016, seem to differ with this option. The analysis made in this paper, leads to determine a different constant for the replacement of Epsilon0, more concordant with the cosmological data and Quantum Mechanics.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1907.0143 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-08 06:40:29*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within a third chapter, the author explains how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought. In this paper, the author gives an image of the holographic universe from outside.
Keywords: Theory of Everything, Matrix, Black Hole, Big Bang, Holographic Universe

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1907.0116 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-07 12:01:37*

**Authors:** Jaykov Foukzon

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Einstein field equations was originally derived by Einstein in 1915 in respect
with canonical formalism of Riemann geometry,i.e. by using the classical sufficiently
smooth metric tensor, smooth Riemann curvature tensor, smooth Ricci tensor,smooth
scalar curvature, etc.. However have soon been found singular solutions of the Einstein
field equations with degenerate and singular metric tensor and singular Riemann
curvature tensor. These degenerate and singular solutions of the Einstein field equations
was formally accepted by main part of scientific community beyond rigorous canonical
formalism of Riemannian geometry.Recall that the classical Cartan’s structural equations show in a compact way the
relation
between a connection and its curvature, and reveals their geometric interpretation in
terms of moving frames. In order to study the mathematical properties of singularities,
we need to study the geometry of manifolds endowed on the tangent bundle with a
symmetric bilinear form which is allowed to become degenerate (singular). But if the fundamental tensor is allowed to be degenerate (singular), there are some obstructions in
constructing the geometric objects normally associated to the fundamental tensor. Also, local
orthonormal frames and co-frames no longer exist, as well as the metric connection and its curvature operator [2].As an important example of the geometry with the fundamental tensor which is
allowed to be degenerate, we consider now Mӧller’s uniformly accelerated frame given by
Mӧller’s line element

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1907.0112 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-08 04:37:21*

**Authors:** Milan D. Nešić

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

If Feynman 1985 announced that he only describes how nature behaves and that nobody understands why it behaves that way–QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter–and Laughlin 2005 that it is necessary to build a new physics basically–A DIFFERENT UNIVERSE: Reinventing Physics From The Bottom Down–then a real understanding of the postulate c=const as c2 inertia of whole Universe is finally the opportunity for it. And all the laws of physics remain; only cosmology is basically changing. There is no single mass of the same origin, there is no “Big Bang” as the beginning, and that can also explain dark energy. And even new opportunities for further research open up. And the passing of Planck's law of black-body radiation through singularity by decreasing, let's say, the volume of Bose to zero, and the transition to Maxwell Boltzmann's distribution of velocity can be a good example or at least a clue to these new possibilities.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1907.0092 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-05 12:05:30*

**Authors:** Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page. ty

this is a paper about time and non stationary masses

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1907.0084 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-15 20:53:15*

**Authors:** Скоробогатов В.П.

**Comments:** 15 Pages. in Russian

The simple derivation of the Lorentz transformation ans some consequences are given. In particularly, the expression for velocity adding became different from that in SR. Alas the Fizeau experiment gave not enouph confidence in its validation. The connection with the model of 4D matter is established. In this model so called 4-whirl is associated with body. The expressions for de Broyle wave are obtained from such presentation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1907.0067 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-04 22:24:08*

**Authors:** Genrih Leonidovich Arutyunov

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

В этой статье,более короче и доступно и с некоторыми дополнительными разъяснениями изложено доказательство "Парадокса Близнецов",которое я дал ранее 2019-05-23.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1907.0052 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-03 11:43:42*

Вселенная расширяется замедленно

**Authors:** Putenikhin P.V.

**Comments:** 12 Pages. rus

According to astronomical observations, remote supernovae Ia have a brightness lower than that predicted by the standard Hubble law. This circumstance is interpreted as evidence of a smaller value of the Hubble constant in the past, as an accelerated expansion of the Universe. However, this conclusion is erroneous. The lower brightness of distant supernovae means that, on the contrary, the Hubble constant has now decreased. It follows from this that the Universe expands more slowly than in the past, the expansion of the Universe occurs with deceleration.

Согласно астрономическим наблюдениям удаленные сверхновые Ia имеют яркость меньшую, чем это предсказывается стандартным законом Хаббла. Это обстоятельство трактуется как свидетельство меньшего значения постоянной Хаббла в прошлом, как ускоренное расширение Вселенной. Однако этот вывод ошибочен. Меньшая яркость дальних сверхновых означает, что, напротив, в настоящее время постоянная Хаббла уменьшилась. Из этого следует, что Вселенная расширяется медленнее, чем в прошлом, расширение Вселенной происходит с замедлением.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1907.0050 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-03 12:12:09*

Парадокс близнецов – обзор решений, гл.4 Противоречия решение парадокса близнецов в ОТО

**Authors:** Putenikhin P.V.

**Comments:** 12 Pages. rus

The well-known solutions of the relativistic "twin paradox" are considered and new ones are proposed. Contrary to popular belief, the paradox has the correct solution in the SRT. In contrast, in the GRT, the solutions to the paradox raise a number of questions. A fundamentally new paradox of twins is considered - in the tachyon theory of relativity.

Рассмотрены известные решения релятивистского "парадокса близнецов" и предложены новые. Вопреки распространенному мнению, парадокс имеет корректное решение в СТО. Напротив, в ОТО решения парадокса вызывают ряд вопросов. Рассмотрен принципиально новый парадокс близнецов - в тахионной теории относительности.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1907.0035 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-03 23:08:47*

**Authors:** Eric Su

**Comments:** 4 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The observation of spectral shift in astronomy arises from the relative motion between the observed star
and the earth. Both blueshift and redshift can be explained with the relative movement of the double-slit interference.
In the rest frame of the star,
the light passes through the slit to travel a straight path to reach the projection screen.
The intersection of this path and the screen is shifted by the movement of the screen.
If the screen moves away from the path, the spectrum will be shifted away from the center
of the screen. This is known as redshift. If the screen moves toward the path, the spectrum will be shifted toward the center
of the screen. This is known as blueshift. The spectrum not only shifts in position but also expands in size.
The spectral shift is the result of the relative motion between the projection screen and the path of phase shift.
It is not the result of any variation in the wavelength.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1907.0014 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-02 03:04:39*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Daniel Chandra

**Comments:** 14 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

In this paper , we review shortly UVS model of the Universe, based on information in their website. Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) is a postulated cosmic archetype of a nested vortical hypersphere system. All sorts of its torus transformed hypersphere structures, are perceivable to be ubiquitously manifested in the observable universe throughout macrocosms and microcosms. We also discuss briefly a new model that we call Navier-Stokes cosmology, because we realize that the Cosmic Web of large scale structure of the Universe can only be approached using turbulence/NS theory. This short review is of course not complete, and therefore more research is needed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1907.0013 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-02 03:06:42*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Daniel Chandra

**Comments:** 15 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

In recent years, there is growing interest to describe the Universe we live in from the perspective of scale-invariant turbulence approach. Such an approach is not limited to hydrodynamics Universe model a la Gibson & Schild, but also from Kolmogorov turbulence approach as well as from String theory approach (some researcher began to explore String-Turbulence). In this article, we hope to bring out some correspondence among existing models, so we discuss shortly: the topological vortice approach, Burgers equation in the light of KAM theory and Golden Mean, and the Cantorian Navier-Stokes approach. Of course, this short article is far from being complete. We hope further investigation can be done around this line of approach.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1907.0012 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-02 03:08:18*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 14 Pages. This paper has been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

Inspired by “One Note Samba,” a standard jazz repertoire, we present an outline of BoseEinstein Condensate Cosmology (BECC). Although this approach seems awkward and a bit off the wall at first glance, it is not impossible to connect altogether BEC, Scalar Field Cosmology and Feshbach Resonance with Ermakov-Pinney equation. We also discuss shortly possible link with our previous paper, where we describe Newtonian Universe with Vortex in terms of Ermakov equation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1907.0005 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-01 00:33:07*

**Authors:** Henok Tadesse

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Some cosmologists have noted the profound coincidence of the value of the anomalous acceleration ( 8.74 x 10-10 m/s2 ) of Pioneer spacecraft with the value of the so-called cosmological acceleration, about which mainstream physics has been silent. The starting argument in this paper is that this may not be a coincidence and that both accelerations are manifestations of the same phenomenon.However, the anomalous acceleration of the Pioneer is negative, whereas cosmological acceleration is positive, which would be a contradiction. Therefore, both accelerations must have not only the same magnitude, but also the same sign. This leads us to question of the usual interpretation of distance-redshift curves of receding galaxies, which is based on the theory of expansion of the universe .In this paper, we will show that the universe is in decelerating 'expansion', not accelerating expansion. A decelerating force will increase the time taken for a galaxy to reach a given receding velocity, compared to the time taken according to Hubble's law.Using elementary kinematics we will show that increase in the time taken to reach a given receding velocity will increase the corresponding distance travelled.The longer the time the galaxy is in motion, the larger the distance it will travel. The effect of increase in time will always more than offset the effect of decrease in acceleration.Hubble's law is not due to expansion of the universe; it is due to a modified Newtonian law of gravity. The coincidence of the Pioneer anomalous acceleration with cosmological acceleration disproves general relativity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology