[39] **viXra:1907.0623 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-31 12:17:42*

**Authors:** George R. briggs

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Abstract: The presence of up quarks of 4.8 MeV indicate that unbroken E8 symmetry was active by the 2nd cyclic universe: also the presence of electron neutrinos of 2.2 x 10^-6 MeV indicate that holography was active by this time.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[38] **viXra:1907.0620 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-31 13:05:04*

**Authors:** George R. briggs

**Comments:** 2 Pages. The MHCE8S theory is now essentially complete

Abstract: The replacement for the Standard Model is given

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[37] **viXra:1907.0610 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-30 08:27:24*

**Authors:** Alexander Kholmetskii, Tolga Yarman, Ozan Yarman, Metin Arik

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

We show that a new attempt by C. Corda to once more rehash his so-called "synchronization effect" in order to account for the origin of the extra energy shift between emitted and absorbed radiation in Mössbauer rotor experiments (C. Corda, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, doi: 10.1142/S0218271819501311) is yet again erroneous, just as were his previous attempts (Ann. Phys. 355, 360 (2015); Ann. Phys. 368, 258 (2016); Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 27, 1847016 (2018)). The correct approach presented herein with regards to the calculation of the energy shift between emitted and absorbed radiation in a rotating system leads to, as a matter of fact, no specific "synchronization effect".

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[36] **viXra:1907.0585 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-31 03:08:38*

**Authors:** Ilija Barukcic

**Comments:** 8 pages. (C) Copyright 2019 by Ilija Barukcic, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved. Published by:

Trigonometry is an important part of mathematics. In general, a proper understanding of trigonometric functions is a pre-requisite for understanding important topics in physics, architecture, and many branches of engineering. We commonly suppose that the mathematics of trigonometric functions is perfectly true.
However, trigonometric functions have a very long and colourful history and the need to take a more precise look on the same is great. This publication provides some evidence that there are circumstances where today understanding of trigonometric functions leads to contradictions.
Keywords — Trigonometric functions, Classical logic, Contradiction

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[35] **viXra:1907.0571 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-30 03:36:36*

**Authors:** Henok Tadesse

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In this paper we propose a profound connection between the Michelson-Morley ( MM ) experiment and the phenomenon of stellar aberration. A new crucial insight can explain both the MM experiment and stellar aberration: apparent change of light source position relative to an absolutely moving observer. We call this Apparent Source Theory (AST ).The apparent change in star position in Bradley's stellar aberration is because of observer's absolute motion, not because of relative motion. Likewise, the effect of absolute motion of the observer/detector in the MM experiment is to create an apparent change in position of the light source relative to the observer/detector. In AST the observer is the human observer or a device that directly detects the light. This is unlike the theory of relativity in which the observer is the person doing the experiments. Apparent change in position of the light source will result in only a small fringe shift for the same reason that an actual, physical change of source position will result in a small fringe shift. This new interpretation requires a significant revision of the current understanding of stellar aberration which has its basis in the classical law of addition of velocities. The direction of apparent change in star position is not in the same direction as the observer's absolute velocity, but in the opposite direction !

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[34] **viXra:1907.0559 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-28 11:45:07*

**Authors:** George R. briggs

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Abstract: The modern 0.511 MeV electron was established by the start of the 3rd cyclic universe. Why it had its 0.511 - 0.5 modern vs.archaic mc^2 energy difference is the subject of this note.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[33] **viXra:1907.0548 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-27 14:20:44*

**Authors:** Edward G. Lake

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The mistaken belief held by countless mathematicians that light always arrives at c for all observers can be easily demonstrated to be totally false by observing pulsars at different times of the year. Where v is the speed of an observer on earth, light from pulsars will arrive at c+v when the earth is moving toward the pulsar and at c-v when the earth is moving away from the pulsar.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[32] **viXra:1907.0522 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-26 20:33:20*

**Authors:** Richard J Benish

**Comments:** Pages.

Given a well-isolated body of matter (e.g., a uniformly dense sphere) with a hole through its center, what happens when a test mass is dropped into the hole? Galileo is perhaps the most illustrious figure to have posed the problem. In his recent book, Going Underground, Martin Beech has echoed the ubiquity of the idea in modern physics, writing that "it has become a right-of-passage kind of question." Unfortunately, the only answers we have are abstract predictions; we have no empirical observations to match the predictions, even though modern technology has for decades made the test quite feasible. Humans have never yet witnessed gravity-induced radial motion through the centers of massive bodies. Since the 1960s several proposals have been made (to measure Newton's constant G) that would have incidentally tested the well-known oscillation prediction. But none of these experiments have ever been performed. For many years I have been urging members of the physics community to at last turn the "right-of-passage" thought experiment into a real experiment. This collection of correspondence comprises a wide range of authoritative responses to my plea. Promising though some of the responses may have seemed, Galileo's experiment yet remains undone. As is often stated in the correspondence, this failure, this gap in our empirical knowledge of gravity represents an unacceptable state of affairs. It is an embarrassment to academic physics.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[31] **viXra:1907.0518 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-27 00:25:15*

**Authors:** Naresh Jotwani

**Comments:** Six pages. Keywords: Spacetime; spacetime curvature; spacetime dynamics; general relativity.

The basic equation of general relativity is re-interpreted such that, at every spacetime point, the matter-energy tensor is defined by the relevant curvature tensor. It is shown that the equation of a geodesic, which is also the equation of motion, then becomes the basic equation governing spacetime dynamics. Implications of the proposed re-interpretation are developed for an elementary – or indivisible – space¬time entity. The properties of mass, spin and charge are thereby seen to have a natural interpretation. A simple experiment is suggested which can corroborate or refute the proposed interpretation, and other implications of the re-interpretation are briefly discussed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[30] **viXra:1907.0512 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-27 04:24:44*

**Authors:** Lubomir Vlcek

**Comments:** 10 Pages. Einstein made a major mistake. The author proves it in revaluation Kaufmann’s, Fizeau’s and Harres’s experiments in light of the new theory (intensity of moving charge, non-linear form of the interference field, etc.).

"The difference between a good experiment and a good theory is in the fact that the theory gets old quickly and it is replaced by another one, based on more perfect ideas. It will be forgotten quickly. The experiment is something else. The experiment, which has been thought well and performed carefully, will step in the science forever. It will become its part. It is possible to explain such experiment differently in different periods of times."
P. L. KAPICA
1.2 Galileo Galilei
•The first law (the law of inertia), in a less clear form, was published by Galileo. It should be noted that Galileo allowed free movement not only along a straight line, but also along a circle (apparently from astronomical considerations). Galileo also formulated the most important principle of relativity
•1996: Let’s have a real coordinates system firmly connected with a real laboratory on Earth, where all experiments testing the physical theories are performed. We know that this coordinates system moves around the Earth axis during an astronomical day i. e. it performs a quasi-circular motion. During the year it rotates around the Sun approximately in a quasi-circle together with the Earth. During 2*10^8 years it circulates in the quasi-circle around the center of the Galaxy. It performs a quasi-uniform motion in a quasi-circle together with the Sun.
•The Galaxy performs a quasi-uniform and quasi-circle motion around the center within the framework of metagalaxies of star clusters and our laboratory coordinates system on Earth together with it, etc.
•From the experimental testing of the law of inertia it is known that the body moves along the "plane" stated by a waterlevel, i. e. in fact it is not a straight-line uniform motion, but it is the motion in the circle of the Earth radius of R=6378 km.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[29] **viXra:1907.0510 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-27 04:23:10*

**Authors:** Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed

**Comments:** 2 Pages. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to define gravity as a similar phenomenon as electrostatic phenomenon

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[28] **viXra:1907.0483 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-26 01:59:58*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

Now, in the most comprehensive test of general relativity near the monstrous black hole at the center of our galaxy, Ghez and her research team report July 25 in the journal Science that Einstein's theory of general relativity holds up. [9]
Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8]

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[27] **viXra:1907.0451 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-24 12:52:54*

**Authors:** Colin James III

**Comments:** Pages.

We evaluate two versions of the conjecture that any force speed is greater than a light speed. The conjecture is confirmed as tautologous.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[26] **viXra:1907.0424 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-24 01:43:05*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” [1] the author introduced the concept of time that must be used to unify Gravity and Electromagnetism. Today, theoretical Physics is still in a major crisis since at least 1990, as there is no serious improvement in Interpretations of Quantum Theory or Solutions in Quantum-Gravity or String-Theory. In this paper the author concludes that only a radical rejection of both Einsteins Theories (Special Relativity and General Relativity) could lead to the strongly required progress in theoretical Physics. If Physics keeps trapped by Theory of General Relativity, that might be the most stupid Theory for Gravity ever suggested as it circumvents any real progress in theoretical Physics. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Holographic Universe, Space-Time, Relativity, Einstein, Gravity

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[25] **viXra:1907.0420 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-22 15:09:55*

**Authors:** Hans Lugtigheid

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

The v in the Lorentz transformation is the velocity of the origin of the second frame of reference. A point with no dimensions. From this v we cannot conclude a maximum speed (or anything) for physical objects. The c is the velocity of information. We can choose c to be any value and we see that that chosen value of c is measured the same in both reference frames. Then the speed of light is not a special case. The Lorentz transformation is an approximation of the Galileo transformation in which information has velocity c = ∞. The Galileo transformation is 'real-time'. We thereby consider a (absolute) frame of reference from any point in the universe. We can not establish absence of movement and we do not have information traveling at infinite velocity. Therefore the Lorentz transformation is our best approximation of the Galileo transformation and thus of reality.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[24] **viXra:1907.0399 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-22 10:33:09*

**Authors:** Xuan Zhong Ni

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In this article, we derived an exact solution of the Einstein equations for cylindrically symmetric empty space .

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[23] **viXra:1907.0381 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-19 11:46:11*

**Authors:** George R. Briggs

**Comments:** 2 Pages. Submission is on the 19th to note the Cosmological Constant: also 11 (Apollo 11), 12, and 13 (bad luck)

Abstract: The 2-digit Cosmological Constant 0.19 is duplicated in reverse order to form the 4-digit Z boson 91.19: the 4-digit bottom quark 4.180 can be similarly presented in 41.08 form to notify us of the importance of c/alpha

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[22] **viXra:1907.0352 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-18 18:18:45*

**Authors:** Valentín Ibáñez Fernández

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

ABSTRACT
The new points of view of relativity and the new physical phenomena opened in the systems of inertial movement presents in this work. The new points of view in the special theory of relativity, open new laws of motion in works1-16 for solid bodies, as for electromagnetic waves. For all physical objects of motion, the new laws of motion present a new theory of physical processes, which occur in the rest system, and in inertial motion systems. In addition, the bijective transformation of these physical processes to all systems of inertial movement in absolute time presents.
In the works 1-16 is shown experimentally and theoretically the change a speed in the systems of inertial movement. The causes of the change of the speed in moving systems describe for solids and for electromagnetic waves. In addition, shown that in an inertial system in motion, there is no possibility to measure the real values of the distances, which pass the solid bodies and electromagnetic waves with respect to the rest system.
The enormous base of practical experiments in science, carried out in inertial movement systems, confirms all the scientific conclusions developed in the given works.
The theoretical analysis of the state of special theory of relativity of A. Einstein 17-20 in this work convincingly confirms reality of the need to find a new solution to errors in this work and exposes a new special theory of relativity.
ABSTRACT
Los nuevos puntos de vista de la relatividad y los nuevos fenómenos físicos abiertos en los sistemas de movimiento inercial, se presentan en este trabajo. Los nuevos puntos de vista en la teoría especial de la relatividad, abren nuevas leyes de movimiento en trabajas 1-16., tanto para los cuerpos sólidos, como para las ondas electromagnéticas. Para todos los objetos físicos de movimiento, las nuevas leyes de movimiento presentan una nueva teoría de los procesos físicos, que ocurren tanto en el sistema de reposo, como en los sistemas de movimiento inerciales. Además, se presenta la trasformación biyectiva de estos procesos físicos a varios sistemas de movimiento inercial en tiempo absoluto.
En estos trabajos1-16 se muestra experimentalmente y teóricamente el cambio de la velocidad en los sistemas de movimiento inercial. Se describen las causas del cambio de la velocidad en los sistemas en movimiento, tanto para sólidos, como para ondas electromagnéticas. Y se muestra que en un sistema inercial en movimiento, no hay posibilidad de medir los valores reales de las distancias, que pasan los cuerpos sólidos y ondas electromagnéticas con respecto al sistema de reposo.
La enorme base de experimentos prácticos en ciencia, realizados en sistemas de movimiento inerciales, confirma todas las conclusiones científicas desarrollados en los trabajos dados.
El análisis teórico del estado de teoría especial de relatividad de A. Einstein17-20, en este trabajo, confirma convincentemente realidad de necesidad de encontrar nueva solución de errores de este trabajo y exponer nueva Teoría especial de la relatividad.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[21] **viXra:1907.0351 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-18 20:59:13*

**Authors:** Natan A Cerqueira

**Comments:** Pages. I'm looking for a physicist and author that wants to participate in the work, scientifically and comercially (a book with 256 p. already exists).

> Pure thought brought up and developed an idea that should have emerged in the pre-relativity time: Isn`t the “wind of space”, in Earth`s surface, what we call gravity? The flow of a real something, vertical at the surface, pointed towards the planet`s center, and put to accelerate by the convergence of the trajectories (funneling). > The idea found no contradictons, and is actually endorsed by general relativity, because a non-solid can only present a geometry precisely when flowing and being funneled; “*space flow” instead of “curved space” did not imply in any compromise to equations or experimental tests. > Reflections on the idea naturally led to an all-encompassing mechanical model of the universe.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[20] **viXra:1907.0348 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-19 05:56:43*

**Authors:** Harry K. Hahn

**Comments:** 38 pages

The M87 (EHT2017) black hole images indicate a dodecahedral structure of the gravitational singularity. One feature in the fiducial image sequence caught my eye and forced me to write this paper here ! It‘s the apparent existence of 5 knots in the ring-structure and the nearly symmetrical pentagonal-shape of the black hole shadow !
In Paper IV it is written that the current image reconstructions and visibility-domain analyses are not able to confirm or reject the reality of the “knots” seen in the images, and these features should therefore be interpreted with caution.
But if these knots turn out to be real and stable, then we may look at a gravitational singularity which indicates a more complex universe then expected ! The pentagonal ring structure may indicate a Poincare Dodecahedral Space ( PDS ) structure of our universe, and a dodecahedral shaped gravitational singularity ( black hole ) in the center of M87.
The images may provide evidence for the underlying universal theory of our universe Albert Einstein was searching for. I.V. Volovich describes the construction of a universal physical theory based on pure numbers as fundamental entities.
And I want to show the importance of number 5 for the distribution of primes and non-primes as a base for this theory.
With the help of another study with title: Phase spaces in Special Relativity : Towards eliminating gravitational singularities - a way was found to express (calculate) all natural numbers and their square roots only by using the constant Phi (ϕ) and number 1.
An algebraic term found by Mr Peter Danenhower in this study made this possible.
With the formulas which I have found it‘s possible to express all natural numbers and their square roots only with Phi & 1 ! This is an interesting discovery because it also allows to describe most ( maybe all ) geometrical objects only with Phi & 1.
The constant Pi (π) can also be expressed only by using the constant Phi and 1 !
The result of this discovery may lead to a new base of number theory. Not numbers like 1, 2, 3,…. and constants like Pi (π) etc. may form base of number theory ! Only the constant Phi and the base unit 1 (which shouldn’t be considered as a number) may form the base of mathematics and geometry. This will certainly also have an impact on physics ! And eventually it will lead to an universal mathematical and physical theory !

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[19] **viXra:1907.0335 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-18 00:28:51*

**Authors:** Nishant kumar sharma

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

Non-Interactive Mechanics Which Is Evaluated From Fermi-Dirac Statistics And The Formulation Is Based On The Contraction Of Fermions. By using the rules of non-interactive mechanics Defining The condition for creating a zero space And Infinity Space, condition for space creation and it’s formula With Satisfying The Condition , condition for appearance of time With Satisfying The Condition Theoretically And Experimentally ,varies types of systems For The Movement Of Class Zero Particles, Atmamoul medium for the movement of Class Zero particles , concept of Para-Kans. concepts of app. Stable systems (planets ,Stars) ,concept of consciousness, Gravitation The Emergent Phenomena From Non-Intractable Particles , How Newton To Einstein We Are On The Correct Path Of Gravitation And How Einstein Was Right About Cosmological Constant Even When Universe Is Expanding And Why We Need An Extension To Understand Gravitation Correctly, What Is Gravitation And How It Originate , Types Of Gravitation And Gravitational Waves, The Test About Contracting Gravitation That Could Be or May Be already detected In Ligo, The Equations To Describe The Behavior Of Gravitation, The Combined Field Equation Of Gravitation For Expanding And Contraction Nature With Satisfying The Equation, Conditions To Find Graviton.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[18] **viXra:1907.0237 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-23 07:30:37*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Adrian Klein, Slobodan Nedic, Yunita Umniyati, Marian Mesina

**Comments:** 425 Pages. This book is under review for publication. Your comments are welcome

It is widely known among the Frontiers of physics, that “sweeping under the rug" practice has been quite the norm rather than exception. In other words, the leading paradigms have strong tendency to be hailed as the only game in town. For example, renormalization group theory was hailed as cure in order to solve infinity problem in QED theory. For instance, a quote from Richard Feynman goes as follows: “What the three Nobel Prize winners did, in the words of Feynman, was "to get rid of the infinities in the calculations. The infinities are still there, but now they can be skirted around . . . We have designed a method for sweeping them under the rug."[1] And Paul Dirac himself also wrote with similar tune: “Hence most physicists are very satisfied with the situation. They say: "Quantum electrodynamics is a good theory, and we do not have to worry about it any more." I must say that I am very dissatisfied with the situation, because this so-called "good theory" does involve neglecting infinities which appear in its equations, neglecting them in an arbitrary way. This is just not sensible mathematics. Sensible mathematics involves neglecting a quantity when it turns out to be small—not neglecting it just because it is infinitely great and you do not want it!"[2] Similarly, dark matter and dark energy were elevated as plausible way to solve the crisis in prevalent Big Bang cosmology.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:1907.0235 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-14 13:00:05*

**Authors:** George R. Briggs

**Comments:** 1 Page. The Apollo moon flight occurred 50 years ago: I saw the Saturn V take off.

Abstract: The physics magic number 50 appears on MHCE8S theory 2019 flow charts: it was responsible for the metal tin and its useful alloy bronze which led to early great civilizations.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[16] **viXra:1907.0234 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-18 00:37:42*

**Authors:** Eric Su

**Comments:** 5 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The observation of spectral shift in astronomy bears great similarity to the frequency shift in the Doppler effect.
Both blueshift and redshift can be described by the movement of the double-slit interference.
In the rest frame of the star,
the light passes through the slit to travel a straight path to reach the projection screen.
The intersection of this path and the screen determines how the spectrum is shifted.
If the screen moves away from the path, the spectrum will be shifted away from the center of the screen.
This is known as redshift. If the screen moves toward the path, the spectrum will be shifted toward the center of the screen.
This is known as blueshift. The spectrum not only shifts in position but also resizes proportionally.
The spectral shift is caused by the motion of earth in the rest frame of the star while the wavelength of the star light remains
constant. The redshift places a maximum limit on the radial velocity of the remote galaxy. The galaxy can not be detected
if the earth moves faster than the light in the rest frame of the galaxy. This is dark galaxy.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:1907.0214 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-12 10:13:27*

**Authors:** Geo Douglas

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In this paper, a new formula to determine the size of the accretion disks at the center of galaxies. The formula starts with Einstein’s field equations and moves to the Schwarzschild radius. From there, following the patterns of nature and the golden ratio, I have configured a precise formula to determine the radius, diameter and circumference of all accretion disks that surround supermassive black holes.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:1907.0212 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-12 10:44:07*

**Authors:** Lubomir Vlcek

**Comments:** 4 Pages. Einstein's theory works only for v < 0.1c.

Nobel laureates in physics are mostly physicists, who mainly create and defend physics. Einstein never received a Nobel prize for relativity...
For nearly 100 years ago have been Nobel Prize winners said:
"- The theory of relativity is a mathematical and not a physical theory.
- The theory is far from being confirmed experimentally, the results of the solar eclipse expeditions allow other interpretations
- The principle of relativity is only valid for mass-dependent movements
- The theory of relativity contradicts the fundamental ideas about space and time: the Euclidean space and the usual ideas of time must remain binding. "

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1907.0148 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-10 03:54:35*

**Authors:** José Alberto Pardi

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

The replacement of the vacuum dielectric constant Epsilon0, in the energy equation of electromagnetic fields, is a key element in any attempt to quantize the gravitational fields that is based on the reality of our Universe and not in a pure conceptual exercise. Usually, the choice falls on the inverse of the Universal Gravitational Constant G. This seems reasonable, since Epsilon0 has an inverse relationship with the Coulomb constant K, used to determine the force between two charges, just like G does between two masses. But this choice leads to the replacement of the unit charge by a mass not very common in the Universe: the Planck’s mass. However, the fine structure found in the Cosmos in the last century and the dimension of Time Crystals found in 2016, seem to differ with this option. The analysis made in this paper, leads to determine a different constant for the replacement of Epsilon0, more concordant with the cosmological data and Quantum Mechanics.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1907.0143 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-08 06:40:29*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within a third chapter, the author explains how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought. In this paper, the author gives an image of the holographic universe from outside.
Keywords: Theory of Everything, Matrix, Black Hole, Big Bang, Holographic Universe

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1907.0116 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-07 12:01:37*

**Authors:** Jaykov Foukzon

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Einstein field equations was originally derived by Einstein in 1915 in respect
with canonical formalism of Riemann geometry,i.e. by using the classical sufficiently
smooth metric tensor, smooth Riemann curvature tensor, smooth Ricci tensor,smooth
scalar curvature, etc.. However have soon been found singular solutions of the Einstein
field equations with degenerate and singular metric tensor and singular Riemann
curvature tensor. These degenerate and singular solutions of the Einstein field equations
was formally accepted by main part of scientific community beyond rigorous canonical
formalism of Riemannian geometry.Recall that the classical Cartan’s structural equations show in a compact way the
relation
between a connection and its curvature, and reveals their geometric interpretation in
terms of moving frames. In order to study the mathematical properties of singularities,
we need to study the geometry of manifolds endowed on the tangent bundle with a
symmetric bilinear form which is allowed to become degenerate (singular). But if the fundamental tensor is allowed to be degenerate (singular), there are some obstructions in
constructing the geometric objects normally associated to the fundamental tensor. Also, local
orthonormal frames and co-frames no longer exist, as well as the metric connection and its curvature operator [2].As an important example of the geometry with the fundamental tensor which is
allowed to be degenerate, we consider now Mӧller’s uniformly accelerated frame given by
Mӧller’s line element

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1907.0112 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-08 04:37:21*

**Authors:** Milan D. Nešić

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

If Feynman 1985 announced that he only describes how nature behaves and that nobody understands why it behaves that way–QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter–and Laughlin 2005 that it is necessary to build a new physics basically–A DIFFERENT UNIVERSE: Reinventing Physics From The Bottom Down–then a real understanding of the postulate c=const as c2 inertia of whole Universe is finally the opportunity for it. And all the laws of physics remain; only cosmology is basically changing. There is no single mass of the same origin, there is no “Big Bang” as the beginning, and that can also explain dark energy. And even new opportunities for further research open up. And the passing of Planck's law of black-body radiation through singularity by decreasing, let's say, the volume of Bose to zero, and the transition to Maxwell Boltzmann's distribution of velocity can be a good example or at least a clue to these new possibilities.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1907.0092 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-05 12:05:30*

**Authors:** Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page. ty

this is a paper about time and non stationary masses

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1907.0084 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-03 05:27:33*

**Authors:** Скоробогатов В.П.

**Comments:** 22 Pages. in Russian

The Lorentz transformations were derived from the consideration of orthogonal transformation . Some consequences such as the formation of wave of de Broglie are discussed stemming from this presentation.It is added the consideration of Doppler effect in the frame of 4D matter model in the new version.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1907.0067 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-04 22:24:08*

**Authors:** Genrih Leonidovich Arutyunov

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

В этой статье,более короче и доступно и с некоторыми дополнительными разъяснениями изложено доказательство "Парадокса Близнецов",которое я дал ранее 2019-05-23.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1907.0050 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-03 12:12:09*

Парадокс близнецов – обзор решений, гл.4 Противоречия решение парадокса близнецов в ОТО

**Authors:** Putenikhin P.V.

**Comments:** 12 Pages. rus

The well-known solutions of the relativistic "twin paradox" are considered and new ones are proposed. Contrary to popular belief, the paradox has the correct solution in the SRT. In contrast, in the GRT, the solutions to the paradox raise a number of questions. A fundamentally new paradox of twins is considered - in the tachyon theory of relativity.

Рассмотрены известные решения релятивистского "парадокса близнецов" и предложены новые. Вопреки распространенному мнению, парадокс имеет корректное решение в СТО. Напротив, в ОТО решения парадокса вызывают ряд вопросов. Рассмотрен принципиально новый парадокс близнецов - в тахионной теории относительности.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1907.0035 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-17 11:47:02*

**Authors:** Eric Su

**Comments:** 4 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The observation of spectral shift in astronomy arises from the relative motion between the observed star
and the earth. Both blueshift and redshift can be explained with the relative movement of the double-slit interference.
In the rest frame of the star,
the light passes through the slit to travel a straight path to reach the projection screen.
The intersection of this path and the screen is shifted by the movement of the screen.
If the screen moves away from the path, the spectrum will be shifted away from the center
of the screen. This is known as redshift. If the screen moves toward the path, the spectrum will be shifted toward the center
of the screen. This is known as blueshift. The spectrum not only shifts in position but also expands in size.
The spectral shift is the result of the relative motion between the projection screen and the path of phase shift.
It is not the result of any variation in the wavelength.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1907.0014 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-02 03:04:39*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Daniel Chandra

**Comments:** 14 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

In this paper , we review shortly UVS model of the Universe, based on information in their website. Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) is a postulated cosmic archetype of a nested vortical hypersphere system. All sorts of its torus transformed hypersphere structures, are perceivable to be ubiquitously manifested in the observable universe throughout macrocosms and microcosms. We also discuss briefly a new model that we call Navier-Stokes cosmology, because we realize that the Cosmic Web of large scale structure of the Universe can only be approached using turbulence/NS theory. This short review is of course not complete, and therefore more research is needed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1907.0013 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-02 03:06:42*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Daniel Chandra

**Comments:** 15 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

In recent years, there is growing interest to describe the Universe we live in from the perspective of scale-invariant turbulence approach. Such an approach is not limited to hydrodynamics Universe model a la Gibson & Schild, but also from Kolmogorov turbulence approach as well as from String theory approach (some researcher began to explore String-Turbulence). In this article, we hope to bring out some correspondence among existing models, so we discuss shortly: the topological vortice approach, Burgers equation in the light of KAM theory and Golden Mean, and the Cantorian Navier-Stokes approach. Of course, this short article is far from being complete. We hope further investigation can be done around this line of approach.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1907.0012 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-02 03:08:18*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 14 Pages. This paper has been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

Inspired by “One Note Samba,” a standard jazz repertoire, we present an outline of BoseEinstein Condensate Cosmology (BECC). Although this approach seems awkward and a bit off the wall at first glance, it is not impossible to connect altogether BEC, Scalar Field Cosmology and Feshbach Resonance with Ermakov-Pinney equation. We also discuss shortly possible link with our previous paper, where we describe Newtonian Universe with Vortex in terms of Ermakov equation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1907.0005 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-02 05:38:12*

**Authors:** Henok Tadesse

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Some cosmologists have noted the profound coincidence of the value of the anomalous acceleration( 8.74 x 10-10 m/s2 ) of Pioneer spacecraft with the value of the so-called cosmological acceleration, about which mainstream physics has been silent. The starting argument in this paper is that this may not be a coincidence and that both accelerations are manifestations of the same phenomenon.However, the anomalous acceleration of the Pioneer is negative, whereas cosmological acceleration is positive, which would be a contradiction. Therefore, both accelerations must have not only the same magnitude, but also the same sign. This leads us to question the usual interpretation of distance-redshift curves of receding galaxies, which is based on the theory of expansion of the universe .In this paper, we will show that the universe is in decelerating 'expansion', not accelerating expansion. A decelerating force will increase the time taken for a galaxy to reach a given receding velocity, compared to the time taken according to Hubble's law.Using elementary kinematics we will show that increase in the time taken to reach a given receding velocity will increase the corresponding distance travelled.The longer the time the galaxy is in motion, the larger the distance it will travel. The effect of increase in time will always more than offset the effect of decrease in acceleration.Hubble's law is not due to expansion of the universe; it is due to a modified Newtonian law of gravity. The coincidence of the Pioneer anomalous acceleration with cosmological acceleration disproves general relativity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology