Relativity and Cosmology

1811 Submissions

[25] viXra:1811.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 10:37:42

The 4430 MeV Neutrino is a Signal That the Universe Includes 0.1 Billion Years of Unbroken E8 Symmetry Time

Authors: George R. briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: The surprising capability to be able to use the mass of the recently-discovered 4430 MeV neutrino together with MHCE8S theory as a way of signaling the length of time the universe includes E8 unbroken symmetry is shown.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[24] viXra:1811.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 08:20:37

Time and Antimatter

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

in a balanced curvature creation event, there are very few possibilities about the question: "what happened to all the antimatter?"; very specific lines of research are proposed to help answer it
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[23] viXra:1811.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 21:50:17

‘Missing’ Features of Temporal Elasticity and Gravistrong

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

Lorentz contraction and Lense-Thirring are dealt with appropriately
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[22] viXra:1811.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 05:48:52

Physical Time and Time Clock

Authors: Daniele Sasso
Comments: 12 Pages.

Time is a fundamental quantity in physics and its definition has generated many problems starting from Newton’s philosophical absolute time. Einstein searched for giving an operative definition of time through the use of unreal ideal clocks and of rays of light. In this paper we will search for giving a physical definition of time pointing out the necessity of avoiding in physics mistakes connected whether with Newton’s exclusively philosophical definition, taken out of the scientific context, or with Einstein’s operative definition through unreal clocks. We will prove nevertheless also the use of real clocks raises generally problems because of their real working and of the inadequacy of measuring instruments.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[21] viXra:1811.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 21:52:36

The Irrational Standard Model vs ...

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 5 Pages. subcategory: Nuclear Physics

the strong points and reasoning of the Standard Model are presented, the useless artifices of it are explored, and a simpler more comprehensive model is presented
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[20] viXra:1811.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 07:58:10

Time Travel of Stephen Hawking

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Stephen Hawking's final book suggests time travel may one day be possible – here's what to make of it. [26] The arrow of time and the accelerated expansion are two fundamental empirical facts of the universe. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23]
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[19] viXra:1811.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 10:52:51

Accelerating Hubble Redshift

Authors: William Q. Sumner
Comments: Pages.

Understanding the “acceleration” of modern Hubble redshift measurements begins with Schr ̈odinger. In 1939 he proved that all quantum wave functions coevolve with the curved spacetime of a closed Friedmann universe. While both photon wavelengths and atomic radii are proportional to the Fried- mann radius, the wavelengths of photons that an atom emits are proportional to the square of the radius. This larger shift in atomic emissions changes the current paradigm that redshift implies ex- pansion. Instead, redshift implies the contraction of a closed Friedmann universe. Hubble redshifts are observed only when old blueshifted photons are compared to current atomic emissions that have blueshifted even more. This theoretical prediction is confirmed by modern Hubble redshift measure- ments. The Pantheon redshift data set of 1048 supernovas was analyzed assuming that atoms change like Schro ̈dinger predicted. The Hubble constant and deceleration parameter are the only variables. The fit, Ho = −72.03 ± 0.25 km s−1Mpc−1 and 1/2 < qo < 0.501, has a standard deviation 0.1516 compared to the average data error 0.1418. No modifications to general relativity or to Friedmann’s 1922 solution are necessary to explain accelerating Hubble redshifts. A nearly flat Friedmann universe accelerating in collapse is enough.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[18] viXra:1811.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 03:59:33

Dark Energy on a Cosmic Time

Authors: Friedhelm Jöge
Comments: 1 Page. Please add this additional file.

Development of Dark Energy on a cosmic time. Additional diagram to the article :
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[17] viXra:1811.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 05:13:57

The Unruh Effect: Insight from the Laws of Thermodynamics (Aps Meeting)

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers, Pierre-Marie Robitaille
Comments: 5 Pages. Presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the APS Mid-Atlantic Section, November 9-10,

This is a copy of the poster which was presented at the Mid-Atlantic Section of the American Physical Society in College Park, Maryland on November 9-10, 2018:
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[16] viXra:1811.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 11:23:58

Metric System to be Changed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Officials with the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) have announced that at a meeting to be held next week, four of the base units used in the metric system will be redefined. [32] The UK's first quantum accelerometer for navigation has been demonstrated by a team from Imperial College London and M Squared. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[15] viXra:1811.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 17:41:35

MHCE8S Theory Indicates That the Energetic Neutrino Observed in Antartica is a heavy (4430 MeV) Majorana Neutrino

Authors: George R. briggs
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: MHCE8S theory strongly indicates that a 4th massive neutrino exists, of 4430 MeV mc^2 mass and Majoranic in Nature (the particle is its own antiparticle with no spin). As such it is a candidate for the energetic neutrino observed in Antartica. It has the same mass as the Z(4430) tetraquark and therefore cannot be derived directly from the lighter stau slepton supersymmetric particle presently proposed
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[14] viXra:1811.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 07:44:16

Testing Proposals for Human Free Will in the Raspberry Multiverse, Local Entanglement and M&M Lightspeed.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 11 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, (Function Follows Form) the process of wave function collapse of two entangled particles into mirror symmetrical states, is the basic process for all created particles. As a consequence, we should live inside one part of a mirror Charge-Parity-symmetrical entangled copy MULTIVERSE with one central origin the big bang. We will give it the name: Raspberry Multiverse. Even human choice making should be subjected to this mirror symmetrical process. Benjamin Libet described a choice experiment, which we could use to measure how many copy universes there should be. At the smaller scale however, we observe also entanglement effects between particles. Einstein called them “spooky action at a distance”, which he did not like and suggested a different explanation called “Hidden Variables”. However I present here a support for the spooky faster than light entanglement explanation, based on an extended Stern Gerlach experiment, in line with J.S Bell’s arguments about a strange aspect of the original experiment. That even the lightspeed constancy theory should be adapted, by a different Michelson Morley experiment seems to be a logic result of the Quantum FFF Model..
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[13] viXra:1811.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 11:53:11

An Alternate RELATIVISTICALLY Consistent Formation of the Universe

Authors: David Grant Taylor
Comments: 14 Pages.

This article offers a device by which our local observed Universe could have come to be in an infi-nite Cosmos. It reasons how a Schwarzschild Object||Black Hole [SO] could have come to be from a Universe that was nothing but pure matter particles be they Hydrogen (or elements higher up the Periodic Table), Quantum Particles or Boson particles could have spontaneously formed into an SO. It presents mathematic arguments as to how the escape velocity on any object could never exceed lightspeed. It also explains how Bosons (including Gravitons) would be slowed by Relativistic distortion, adding both mass and velocity to matter. Because of that slowdown the Bosons would escape the SO in much smaller numbers. It would allow any matter formed by the slowing Bosons to eventually escape and generate EM signals upon collisions with newly captured Atoms. It establishes that the finite Universe we currently observe is much older than is currently thought, and possibly much larger. It also establishes that velocity and distance of the M31 An-dromeda Galaxy are completely inconsistent with current Hubble Constant values and so argues against fundamental arguments used in current Big Bang Theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[12] viXra:1811.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 17:38:03

The Nature of Electricity, Gravity, Dark Matter, Etc.

Authors: Oskin Victor
Comments: 9 Pages.

N. Tesla: "on the day when we understand what" electricity"is, we will witness an event even greater and more important than all the events in the history of mankind." Having understood the nature of electricity, we will understand the nature of gravity, dark matter, ball lightning, find a solution to other problematic issues of modern physics and biology. In particular, we learn what consciousness, soul, brain, how life is born, etc.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11] viXra:1811.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 04:04:41

The Distance Between Two Inertial Observers in Relative Motion in Special Relativity

Authors: Qing-Ping Ma
Comments: 18 Pages.

When two inertial observers A and B in relative motion measure the distance between them, will they obtain the same value? Although there is a lack of detailed expositions on this issue, many relativity articles and books seem to suggest that the observers on the earth measure a longer distance than that measured by the observers moving relative to the earth. The present study has examined this issue in detail, using two fundamental conditions of special relativity: 1) the space time interval between two events in the Minkowski space is independent of the inertial reference frame chosen; and 2) there is no privileged reference frame and all inertial reference frames are equal. The results of the present study shows that the value of the distance between A and B measured by observer B in a frame where B is stationary is the same as that obtained by observer A in a frame where A is stationary. The idea that distance measured by observer A is longer than that measured by observer B contradicts special relativity, because it designates de facto more privileged reference frames, which cannot be correct within the framework of special relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[10] viXra:1811.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 14:55:56

Black Hole Mass Decreasing, The Power and The Time of Two Black Holes in Coalescence, in The Quintessence Field

Authors: Ragil Brand Ndongmo Tsafack, Saleh Mahamat, Thomas Bouetou Bouetou, Timoleon Crepin Kofane
Comments: 19 Pages. 10 figures

In this paper, we investigate some consequences of the black hole stabilization of Schwarzschild in the presence of quintessence type of dark energy which leads the way to the black hole mass decreasing other than the Hawking radiation process. The results show that in the quintessence field, the black hole shows a second-order phase transition, implying the existence of a stable phase. However, this stabilization implies some paradoxical effects on the black hole, which gives us a new regard about black holes, precisely we obtain the negative absolute temperature and we propose a process permitting us to appreciate well the likely cause of this phenomenon. These results allow us to give a new definition of the surface gravity for the Schwarzschild black hole in the field of quintessence, which depends on the flux of dilatation produced by the quintessence type of dark energy. Afterward, we analyze the impact of dark energy on the power and the time of two black holes needed to coalesce. Keywords: Quintessence, black hole, second-order phase transition, negative absolute temperature, gravitational waves
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[9] viXra:1811.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 19:24:58

The Lorentz Upshot of the Galilean Group's Fundamentals

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 3 Pages.

The fundamental properties of the (x, t) Galilean inertial transformations include their homogeneous linearity, their intrinsic velocity v, where setting v to zero produces the identity transformation and negation of v inverts the transformation, and their closure under composition. We show that stipulation of these three fundamental (x, t) Galilean inertial transformation properties yields all generic (x, t) Lorentz transformation groups, which are distinguished by their speed constant values that supplant c; the (x, t) Galilean group itself is the generic (x, t) Lorentz group with infinite speed constant.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[8] viXra:1811.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 00:04:55

Variable Polytropic Gas Cosmology

Authors: M. Salti, E. E. Kangal, O. Aydogdu
Comments: 16 Pages.

We mainly study a cosmological scenario dening by the variable Polytropic gas (VPG) unified energy density proposal. To reach this aim, we start with reconstructing a generalized form of the original Polyrtropic gas (OPG) denition. Later, we fit the auxiliary parameters given in the model and discuss essential cosmological features of the VPG proposal. Besides, we compare the VPG with the OPG by focusing on recent observational dataset given in literature including Planck 2018 results. We see that the VPG model yields better results than the OPG description and it fits very well with the recent experimental data. Moreover, we discuss some thermodynamical features of the VPG and conclude that the model describes a thermodynamically stable system.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[7] viXra:1811.0071 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-06 07:41:06

Lorentz Force in Special Relativity Theory

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 4 Pages.

In the Special Relativity theory, we tell undergraduate how Lorentz 4-force is invariant in Special Relativity theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[6] viXra:1811.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-04 08:50:35

Equivalence Principle is Wrong ? ( In Russian )

Authors: L.Rimsha, V.Rimsha
Comments: 8 Pages.

Мы рассматриваем частный случай принципа эквивалентности ( ПЭ ) , а именно - утверждение о том, что однородное статическое гравитационное поле в инерциальной системе отсчета своим влиянием на ход неподвижных часов ( ход времени ) во всем ( т.е. полностью ) тождественно влиянию ускоренного движения на ход неподвижных часов в жесткой равноускоренной системе отсчета .
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[5] viXra:1811.0048 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-13 03:32:58

Falsification of the Special Relativity with the Observed Brightness of Type Ia Supernovae

Authors: Dino Bruniera
Comments: 5 Pages.

The observations show that the apparent brightness of type Ia supernovae is about 25% lower than that expected, that is calculated with the formula supported by the Scientific Community. The Scientific Community states that this fact shows that the speed of expansion of the Universe is accelerating. But with this paper I will show that, instead, it shows that the formula is not correct, because it considers the cosmological redshift as a factor of expansion of space, while it is due to the recession speed of the location of the space where the Earth is located at the reception of photons, with respect to the location where they were emitted. And since the cosmological redshift is considered as the factor of expansion of space, to respect what claim the Special Relativity, said apparent brightness not only doesn’t prove that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating, but also shows that the Special Relativity is not compatible with the observations and, therefore, is falsified.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[4] viXra:1811.0027 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-13 03:29:18

Hypothesis Based on the Theory on the Motion Related to the Expanding Space

Authors: Dino Bruniera
Comments: 22 Pages.

In “Theory on the Motion Related to the Expanding Space”, published on November 2nd, 2018, I affirmed that from it we can derive some hypotheses on the various phenomena of the Universe. And now, with this paper, I propose to expose these hypotheses, which explain various phenomena of the Universe in a way compatible with said theory and more consistent with the observations compared to that currently supported by the Scientific Community. Here are, in short, the hypotheses. The Universe is exclusively composed of an infinity of space quanta, which tend to expand and thus cause the Universe to expand. Matter manifests on sets of space quanta, which are compressed and thus enabling the neighbouring quanta, and later the quanta further apart, to expand further. Gravity is due to the phenomenon that each object tends to move towards the more expanded space quanta and, therefore, towards other objects. The expansion of space is seen from General Relativity, as the curvature of the space-time, therefore, since it is the same phenomenon, the same physical laws are applied. I also present a modification to the universal gravity formula, to make it compatible with this model of the Universe. Speed of light depends on the degree of expansion of space quanta in the locations in which it transits, meaning that the greater the expansion, the lower the speed. But since also clocks move more or less rapidly according to their degree of expansion, speed of light results always the same at any location. Therefore, in the past, when the degree of expansion of space quanta was minor, speed of light was greater. Cosmological redshift is due to the speed of the location in which the celestial object receiving photons, is moving, compared to the location in which the celestial object emitting it, has moved, in a Universe in decelerating expansion. In support of this hypothesis, I present two tables that simulate the journey of the photons of a high-redshift galaxy and that of Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. I also present a formula for calculating the apparent brightness, compatible with the observations of type Ia supernovae with high redshift. Moreover, I demonstrate that considering that the cosmological redshift is due to the expansion of space, as the Scientific Community currently supports, the apparent brightness of celestial objects with high redshift, cannot be justified. And since the cosmological redshift is considered as a factor of expansion of space, to respect what claim the Special Relativity, said apparent brightness not only doesn’t prove that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating, but shows that the Special Relativity is not compatible with the observations and, therefore, is falsified.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[3] viXra:1811.0007 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-09 02:01:06

Apparent Contraction and Expansion of Space Relative to Absolutely Moving Observer - New Explanation of the Phenomena of Stellar Aberration, Doppler Effect and Mercury Anomalous Perihelion Advance

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 58 Pages.

Could Albert Einstein be wrong about absolute motion ,absolute time and gravity but right about space contraction and the speed of light?Perhaps the great theoretical physicist is not completely wrong. In this paper, a new law of transformation of reference frames for absolutely moving observers is proposed. We may call this Apparent Source Transformation ( AST ). With this transformation, the space in front of an absolutely moving observer apparently contracts whereas the space behind an absolutely moving observer expands. Profoundly, AST changes current understanding of the phenomenon of stellar aberration. Stellar aberration occurs because of compression (or expansion ) of space in front of ( behind ) an absolutely moving observer. The apparent change in position of the star is not in the direction of absolute velocity, but in the opposite direction! Mercury’s anomalous perihelion advance can be explained by expansion of space as seen by the Sun and as seen by Mercury. AST also provides physical explanation for a new theory already proposed by this author: Exponential Doppler Effect of light:f ' = f eV/c ,λ ' = λ e-V/c. This agrees with the constancy of the speed of light: f 'λ' = f λ= c and can explain the Ives-Stilwell experiment. Not only frequency but also wavelength changes for an absolutely moving observer and the change in wave length for a moving observer can only be explained by apparent expansion or contraction of space as seen by an absolutely moving observer.AST has differences from and similarities to Special Relativity Theory ( SRT ) and/or Lorentz Contraction ( LC ) as follows:1. AST postulates that the speed of light is constant c irrespective of source or observer uniform motion, but the group velocity of light varies with mirror velocity 2. AST postulates absolute time 3. According to AST, absolute motion exists, but the ether doesn't exist as we know it 4. According to AST, space apparently contracts in front of an absolutely moving observer and expands behind him/her, only as seen by the absolutely moving observer, whereas space (or length ) only contracts, both in the forward and backward directions, as seen by the 'stationary' observer, in SRT and LC. In AST, space contraction is applied only when objects are considered as sources( sources of light, EM waves, electrostatic fields, gravity ). In Apparent Source Transformation, it is assumed that only the position of the light source will apparently change relative to the detector/observer but the mirrors, the beam splitter and all other parts of the apparatus will be assumed to be at their actual/physical positions to analyze the experiment. 5. In AST, it is space itself that contracts or expands relative to a moving observer regarding the position of sources 6.AST gives an exponential law of transformation of space, and is different from Lorentz transformations. 7. In AST, the observer is the light detecting device or the human directly detecting the light and light speed experiments should always be analyzed from the perspective of the inertial observer. More precisely, the observer is the atom detecting the light. Apparent Source Transformation evolved from a theory called Apparent Source Theory already proposed by this author. According to Apparent Source Theory, the effect of absolute motion of the Michelson-Morley experiment is to create an apparent change in position of the light source as seen by ( relative to ) the observer/detector.The resulting fringe shift is the same as if the source was actually /physically moved to the same position. Intuitively, we can guess that actually changing the source position will not result in significant fringe shift or gives only small fringe shift. Apparent Source Theory not only accounted for the 'null' fringe shift of the Michelson-Morley experiment, but also for the small fringe shifts observed such as in the original Michelson experiment of 1881 and the Miller experiments. It explains many other light speed experiments, including the Sagnac effect, the Marinov experiment, the Silvertooth experiment, the Bryan G Wallace experiment, the Roland De Witte and other experiments.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[2] viXra:1811.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-02 03:24:45

Derivation of Schwarschild Metric from Kepler's Third law

Authors: Amit Kumar Jha
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this paper I am deriving Schwarschild Metric by using Kepler's Law ( T cube ) without using any complexity of General Relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1] viXra:1811.0003 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-13 09:57:17

Theory on the Motion Related to the Expanding Space

Authors: Dino Bruniera
Comments: 8 Pages.

With this paper I propose to demonstrate, through the CMBR, a theory for which the light is manifested in the expanding space, so its speed is isotropic only towards it and not towards the celestial objects in motion respect to it. Hence the result found by Michelson-Morley experiment, which showed that the speed of light is isotropic in any Reference Frame, is given by the phenomenon suggested by Lorentz, i.e., that each object undergoes a contraction of its length and a dilation of its time, as a function of its speed with respect to the medium in witch the light is manifested, which in this theory corresponds to the expanding space. Hence now Special Relativity is replaceable with a theory for which light waves are manifested in space and their speed is not isotropic in all Reference Frames.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology