[26] **viXra:2001.0351 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-18 01:19:10*

**Authors:** Eric Su

**Comments:** 2 Pages. Note that the author does not read Disqus comments here, please respond by email. Including a list of publications is also a healthy gesture.

Biot-Savart law describes magnetic field due to the electric current in a conductive wire.
For a long straight wire,
the magnetic field is proportional to (I/r). The curl of magnetic field is proportional to
(dI/dr).
For a constant current, the curl of magnetic field is zero. Consequently, the
surface integral of the curl of magnetic field is zero but the line integral of the magnetic field is not.
Stokes' theorem can not be applied to the magnetic field vector generated by a constant electric current
because the magnetic field is not a differentiable vector.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[25] **viXra:2001.0350 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-18 01:32:22*

**Authors:** Cameron Wong

**Comments:** 6 Pages. Theoretically, stellar aberration can be calculated with absolute precision other than "approximately".

It appears that the reasoning in calculating stellar aberration proposed by James Bradley cannot satisfy a big group of people, particularly those people who believe only special relativity can present such calculation that is accurate to the point. This means that, in case relativity happens to be invalid, the argument on the calculation about stellar aberration has not yet truly settled in the science world these days. The problem is that relativity does show evidence that it must lead itself to conclude speed of light c=0 and thus refutes itself. So, history still leaves open the opportunity for us to approach the calculation from a new angle

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[24] **viXra:2001.0319 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-16 10:44:46*

**Authors:** JosÊnio Dos Anjos

**Comments:** 1 Page. Pus a mão no caldeirão de Deus e ainda O espiei apertar o interruptor de luz

Um carro da Teoria Geral da Relatividade viaja a 100km/h para percorrer 100km.
quando chega lá, verifica-se que ele percorreu 109km em 1h. Pergunta: de onde vem a energia extra para ter aumentado esse percurso? Problema pior, ele foi sem nenhum combustível no tanque.
Solução. foi a caminho que está se esticando. o carro esta estacionário. se der partida, sua ultima gota de gasolina explode. E como o caminho se esticou em ambos os lados em velocidade constante de 100km/h, a impressão que temos é que ele viajou uns kms extras.
Solucionado o mistério da Energia Escura e de tudo, absolutamente tudo.
As outras questões estão em outro artigo.
Qualquer teoria utilizando a equação aqui postulada, tem que ser expressamente autorizada pelo autor.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[23] **viXra:2001.0258 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-14 10:44:12*

**Authors:** Risto Raitio

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

A previous preon scenario based on unbroken global supersymmetry is developed further to provide a natural physical reason for the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry. A tentative mechanism for asymmetric genesis of matter in early cosmology is proposed. With global supersymmetry made local the scenario can be extended to supergravity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[22] **viXra:2001.0240 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-14 09:10:09*

**Authors:** Kajetan Młynarski

**Comments:** 33 Pages.

Abstract
The work uses non-standard concepts and calculations based on the concept of identity (i.e. not based on set theory as a basic theory). This made it possible to obtain several potentially interesting results. For example: the number of dimensions of a space is not an assumption, it is determined by a theorem. Also a theorem indicates the existence of a maximum speed having properties analogous to c. According to the presented theory, there is only one fundamental interaction. Depending on the parameters (distance, rotation), it has properties similar to known fundamental interactions. In the final part I propose some experiments checking the obtained results.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[21] **viXra:2001.0237 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-13 11:54:12*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Turning a discarded (Descartes) Coordinate-System into a new (Newtonian) Coordinate-System - [pi / pi :=1 ; pi := c := Meter / Second] - Written to the FXQi Essay Contest on
„Undecidability, Uncomputability, and Unpredictability“

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[20] **viXra:2001.0236 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-13 13:28:16*

**Authors:** Sangwha Yi

**Comments:** 4 Pages. Thank you for reading

In special relativity theory, we discover the relation of inertial frames’ accelerations. In this theory, we can understand general state of the relation of inertial frames’ accelerations

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[19] **viXra:2001.0235 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-13 00:48:44*

**Authors:** Genrih Leonidovich Arutyunov

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Twin Paradox solution (language German).
Das Zwillingsparadoxon Beweis und Lösung zum ersten Mal seit 110 Jahren.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[18] **viXra:2001.0227 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-13 07:24:51*

**Authors:** Iain Smith

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Observations that the speed of electromagnetic waves are reliably measured to travel at the speed of light "c" relative to the observer and proved to be independent of the emitters relative speed have resulted in the theory of the dilation of time as a practical interpretation of the theory of special and general relativity. This papers alternative theory suggests background EM radiation provides the locality that EM waves latch onto and set their speed/wavelength mix relative to. As such back ground radiation will exist locally to all emitters and observers of EM waves this would explain the observations that currently force the time dilation theory. In turn, if time dilation does not exist then the correlation between extended atomic half lives and speed are in fact an observation of a transfer of energy to the atoms stores during accelerating events they have experienced rather than proof of the rate of time slowing down at speed. This theory is applied to the results of experiments bouncing laser pulses off a reflector on the moon as observational confirmation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:2001.0214 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-12 06:01:15*

**Authors:** JianFei Chen

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

There are controversies on mass-velocity relation and charge of moving electrons, which are related with mass-energy equivalence. Author thought that mass-energy equivalence was expressing the energy relation of bodies and space as mass. In this paper author proposed relative kinetic energy $E_{rk}=mv^2$ to explain this relation. With relative kinetic energy theory, author inferred the equations for mass-energy equivalence and mass-velocity relation. While analyzing the electron acceleration movement, author found the reasons for the two unreal equation of mass-velocity relation, and determined the equations of mass-velocity relation and charge-velocity relation of electrons. These determinations are of important significance for relativity theory and electrodynamics, even for superconducting research.
[eastear@outlook.com, eastear@163.com]

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[16] **viXra:2001.0201 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-11 20:16:23*

**Authors:** Robert Nazaryan, Hayk Nazaryan

**Comments:** 144 Pages. Dedicated to the 12-th Anniversary of Declaration Armenian Revolution in Science

The Armenian Revolution in Science Continues
We called this third volume of our research work "Armenian Special Theory of Time-Space", which best describes the very essence of our theory. The term "special" means that in this volume mainly discusses the case when observing systems are inertial systems (of course, with the Armenian interpretation). In addition, in this third volume, we have recognized that all observing and observed systems have the same "weight", that is in some sense, all systems are equivalent to each other. And what this means will become clear in the following volumes.
------------------------------------
By re-interpreting some very important concepts in the "Armenian Special Theory of Time-Space", such as “observed time” and “own time”, we were able to solve the nested crisis in the legacy theory of relativity, which been revealed in our second volume. We also outline the way to solve the problem of particle system movement as whole.
------------------------------------
We have also proved that "Armenian Special Theory of Time-Space" is rich in fine and difficult to grasp concepts, in many cases unexpected ideas and interpretations that are contrary to traditional physics perceptions and experiences. In our illustrated book, intended for wide circles, using only pure mathematical approach, we have been able to provide a new scientific breakthrough in the interpretation of the concepts of time and space, and have paved the way for the construction of the most general and unified theory.
------------------------------------
The "Armenian Special Theory of Time-Space" is mathematically so solid and perfect that it can't be wrong. Therefore, our derived Armenian Transformation Equations and all other Armenian Relativistic Formulas should not only replace Lorentz transformation equations or other legacy relativistic relations, but all modern theoretical physics must be rewritten again. Because the transformation equations and other formulas of legacy theory of relativity, are only a very special case of our derived formulas in Armenian Special Theory of Time-Space, when s = 0 and g = -1 .
------------------------------------
The many transformation equations and many other important relations contained in this volume are presented very briefly, with almost no strong proofs, and readers must make sufficient effort to verify for themselves the derivation of all our transformation equations and relativistic formulas.
------------------------------------
And finally, in this third volume of our research work, you will come across amazing interpretations and see new beautiful formulas that the World has never seen before and these mathematical formulas are capable of reforming the future of mankind by creating a new golden age of scientific breakthroughs, free from all types of spiritual, mental and physical leprosy.
------------------------------------
Long Live the Revival of Armenian Science!
Long Live the Armenian Revolution in Science!

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:2001.0197 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-11 00:44:30*

**Authors:** Yansha Yu-sandstrom

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

This version, "The three major complementary principles of 《The Principle of Natural Laws》", combined with mathematical natural numbers and their compounding and corresponding, positive and negative numbers, universe variation / invariant constant, universe constant variable set, physical weight and chemical fusing and reduction. to show and unfold it

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:2001.0172 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-09 20:32:33*

**Authors:** Genrih Leonidovich Arutyunov

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Length contraction and solution the ladder paradox (language German).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:2001.0159 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-09 15:25:30*

**Authors:** Martin Beecroft Roberts

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

We discuss the equivalence principle and how this relates to the gravitational fields of large bodies. We derive formulas relating to time dilation and acceleration with respect to accelerating reference frames. We conclude with an assessment of the possibility of the existence of an astronomical body or ‘Black Hole’ capable of halting the velocity of light.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:2001.0131 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-08 16:37:16*

**Authors:** Patryk Woźniak

**Comments:** 5 pages in Polish language.

W niniejszej pracy podważa się opinię iż transformacja czasowa Galileusza jest podstawową transformacją dla układów w ruchu (oraz w spoczynku).

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:2001.0128 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-08 01:41:26*

**Authors:** Zhi Cheng

**Comments:** 19 Pages. 6 Figure; Including Russian abstract and Chinese Version

In my previous papers, I explored the idea that the Galactic Center may be a white hole. through specific calculations, it is shown that the assumption that the Galactic Center is a huge white hole can explain various phenomena in the Milky Way more effectively than the assumption of a huge black hole. However, the white hole theory in general relativity requires the assumption of time inversion, which contradicts the known laws of physics, such as the second law of thermodynamics. For this reason, this paper uses virtual space-time physics theory to analyze the structure of white and black holes. Using the concept of energy field, new models of white and black holes have been constructed. Of course, the assumption of huge white holes and existence of millions of solar-mass black holes in the center of the Milky Way is not contradictory. A large amount of mass ejected from white holes is still likely to form small and medium-sized black holes of a certain size.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:2001.0122 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-08 06:57:12*

**Authors:** Szostek Roman

**Comments:** 10 Pages. Einstein's STR dynamics are contradictory

This paper presents the derivation of correct dynamics of the Special Theory of Relativity for all spatial dimensions. The derived dynamics has no flaws, which have other dynamics, also Einstein’s dynamics, i.e. the lack of parallelism of the force vector with the acceleration vector, the right angle lever paradox is unsolvable and the incompatibility of energy conservation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:2001.0111 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-07 15:55:40*

**Authors:** Robert Spoljaric

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Planck’s constant h has dimensions of energy (ergs) × time (seconds) called “actions.” Action is a four-dimensional constant and is the same size for all observers in special relativity, even if those observers disagree as to the size of the energy and time components of that action. The various guessed at formalisms of non-relativistic quantum mechanics introduce h arbitrarily, empirically. But being inconsistent with special relativity would seem to render that ad hoc introduction out of context. In this brief article we shall generalise the Planck-Einstein relation to reveal a new mass-free paradigm of Relativity, leaving little of the classical physics which preceded it. Furthermore, we historically avoid the misguided advent of non-relativistic quantum mechanics altogether, to finally reveal the true significance of h. The maths employed here has been used in [1] and [2].

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:2001.0105 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-07 02:24:25*

**Authors:** Yansha Yu-sandstrom

**Comments:** 70 Pages.

Human three major pillar type cognitions
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Olj9kZKyEI
The Tolerant and Completed Scientific Faith with its《The Principle of Natural Laws》
Be with Bible, The Theory of God
Be with Quran, The Trinity of Allah Star-Moon
Be with Sutra, The Trinity of Buddha Yab-Yum
Be with The Book of Change and Tao Te Ching,The Trinity of Tao Yin-Yang
Be with ….

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:2001.0089 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-06 18:55:00*

**Authors:** Pelobello, J. D.

**Comments:** 48 Pages.

This is a conclusive and speculative essay on the members and subsequent formation of the Solar System. All references are included as hyperlinks to the test. We have combined various theories and invented our own to come up with some unique conclusions.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:2001.0087 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-06 19:12:40*

**Authors:** Pelobello, J. D.

**Comments:** 36 Pages. All references are included as hyperlinks in the relevant text.

Many people often look up at the skies and do not understand that there is an entire universe above their eyes. The universe contains many objects, most of which are very large and massive for a human to comprehend. Even the vastness of the universe was not known The difference in scale between an elementary particle and the observable universe is around 10^40. Even brown dwarfs are many millions of times larger than a human. But the universe's exact nature is still unknown. Is it infinite? Or does it bend in a way that the nebulae and galaxies that seem billions of light years away are in fact very near to our own?

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:2001.0066 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-05 04:15:36*

**Authors:** Louai Hassan Elzein Bashier

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

An Examination of the postulates of the Special Theory of Relativity via a thought experiment uses Michelson interferometer has been done. An inconsistency between the two postulates of the theory has been revealed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:2001.0064 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-05 05:59:48*

**Authors:** Branko Zivlak

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Formulae 18, Table 1

Escape velocity from the E.G. Haug has been checked. It is compared with orbital velocity formula for an ideal circular path. The formulas are simplified so that we have only one variable that contains the Planck values and the mass of the central body. In the case of an arbitrary star, the values of these velocities are determined during its compression to the black hole. Unlike the standard and relativistic formulas that are approximations for a weak gravitational field, Haug's formula is exact for a weak and strong gravitational field. The relationships between formulas showed the importance of the golden ratio near the black hole.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:2001.0051 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2020-01-15 17:36:18*

**Authors:** D. Chakalov

**Comments:** 4 Pages. Comments welcome.

Introduction to the atemporal Platonic world, called 'It'.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:2001.0007 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-01 15:10:01*

**Authors:** Raymond HV Gallucci, Pe

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The results of the Michelson-Morley Experiment (MMX), allegedly showing that an aether medium for the propagation of light did not exist, were interpreted by Einstein under the constraint of a constant light speed. This led him to invent Special Relativity, not necessarily the simplest or most logical explanation, as would have been recommended by Occam’s Razor. MMX is revisualized here, relaxing these constraints to show what might have been the better conclusion, or at least dismissal of the MMX as a basis for inventing Special Relativity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:2001.0006 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-01 15:11:19*

**Authors:** Raymond HV Gallucci, Pe

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

It has been known for nearly three centuries that, to view a clear image of a star through a telescope, it is necessary to tilt the telescope slightly forward in the direction of the earth’s motion, a phenomenon known as “stellar aberration.” Normally explained by mainstream physics without the presence of an aether medium for light transport and with relativistic corrections due to time dilation/length contraction via Lorentz transforms, this article examines stellar aberration from the perspective of an aether presence, including both a stationary and fully entrained aether, as well as the intermediate case of a partially entrained (“dragged”) aether. Comparison is made with the parallel cases without an aether, with the option to allow light to acquire its source velocity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology