Relativity and Cosmology

0911 Submissions

[13] viXra:0911.0067 [pdf] replaced on 26 Jan 2010

Stretched Neutrinos, and the Supposed Linkage to Gravitons/ HFGW Data Sets

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: pages, 1 figure. Replaced due to marked re dos of contents of document to adhere to minimum formatting protocol, and information contents expected of a 12 marcel Grossman conference entry. In particular, the conclusion has been almost totally re done.

The issue of whether or not a correlation exists between neutrino physics and gravitational wave data sets/gravitons is raised anew. Particular emphasis is placed on analysis of the Fuller and Kishimoto scenario, suggesting that the wave function of a relic neutrino may span up to billions of light years across galaxies because of its low energy and particles traveling at different speeds. There is an initial close relationship between gravitational waves/gravitons and relic neutrinos in early-universe nucleation, so is there is a corresponding "stretch-out" of gravitons? If so, what would this imply for improved graviton/gravity wave detectors?
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[12] viXra:0911.0065 [pdf] replaced on 1 Dec 2009

Cosmic Deceleration Parameter Q(Z) Dependence Upon Gravitons? Implications for DM Models, DE, and the Search for Gravitons as Measured Via e and M Interactions in Detectors

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 5 pages.

In this paper the author asks if DM and gravitons could also impact the cosmic acceleration of the universe, leading to an increase of acceleration one billion years ago, in a manner usually attributed to DE. Following Alves, et al. (2009) the author will high light what KK style gravitons, with a slightly different mass profile could mean in terms of DM The consequences are from assuming that axions are CDM, and KK gravitons are for WDM, then up to a point, ρWarm-Dark-Matter would dominate not only structure formation in early universe formation, Further efforts in obtaining data for such suppositions would lie in electro magnetic-graviton interactions contributing toward h02 Ωgw (f) being appropriately measured.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11] viXra:0911.0060 [pdf] replaced on 2015-08-11 08:47:05

Gravitomagnetics, the Basics of a Simpler Approach

Authors: H. Ron Harrison
Comments: 12 Pages. Final version includes a small variation to the basic equation.

Galileo studied bodies falling under gravity and Tycho Brahe made extensive astronomical observations which led Kepler to formulate his three famous laws of planetary motion. All these observations were of relative motion. This led Newton to propose his theory of gravity which could just as well have been expressed in a form that does not involve the concept of force. The approach in this paper extends the Newtonian theory and the Special Theory of Relativity by including relative velocity by comparison with electromagnetic effects and also from the form of measured data. This enables the non-Newtonian effects of gravity to be calculated in a simpler manner than by use of the General Theory of Relativity (GR). Application to the precession of the perihelion of Mercury and the gravitational deflection of light gives results which agree with observations and are identical to those of GR. It also gives the accepted expression for the Schwarzschild Radius. This approach could be used to determine non-Newtonian variations in the trajectories of satellites. An extra term is then added to the initial basic equation which acts in the direction of the relative velocity. The amended basic equation now predicts a change in the speed of light and derives the accepted measured result for the Shapiro time delay. It also gives the accepted value for the Last Stable Orbit. Because the extra term is a function of (v/c)4 the previously mentioned predictions are not significantly changed
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[10] viXra:0911.0050 [pdf] replaced on 5 Jan 2010

Limited Space Domain (L.S.D.) Theory

Authors: Steven Sesselmann
Comments: 12 pages.

A relativistic theory of cosmology proposing that the size of an observers Universe depends on it's own rest mass, and that the observers total potential energy domain is 2mc2 , spanning the range from -mc2 to +mc2 . The space dimension of the observers Universe is shown to be limited by the Schwarzschild Radius near the observers center of gravity and by the observers Mass Horizon Radius (MHR) which is the maximum distance from the origin, that an observer of mass m is able to interact. By a leap of faith, this theory draws the conclusion that the size of the Universe is a mass dependent variable. Calculations show that the current astronomical measurements of the Universe, agrees closely with the MHR for a human weighing around 80 kg. More importantly, the MHR gives us a mass to space ratio, which allows us to accurately calculate the mass-energy of empty space.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[9] viXra:0911.0036 [pdf] submitted on 13 Nov 2009

A New Cosmological Model for Matter, Energy, Sound, the Origin of the Universe and Gravity

Authors: Madonna-Megara Holloway
Comments: 15 pages, This paper is being published by the American Institue of Physics in the conference proceedings for Space, Propulsion & Energy Sciences International Forum, February 23-26, 2010, at John Hopkins University.

This paper is an abstract of a greater volume of work more than 30 years in formation. It is a thought experiment. In order to present certain concepts, statements are made without supporting scientific observations which would require a substantial manuscript to present. This paper defines a new fabric for space and hypothesizes that matter is formed from this fabric through the agency of Black Holes. Dark sound is theorized. As a consequence of this hypothesis a new model for the origin of the universe is given including new definitions for Black Holes, Dark Matter, and Dark Energy. Neutral electricity, cosmic planes and sub planes are defined. New processes for the coalescing of atoms, the rotation of planets and the observed phenomena of Cosmic Fire are given. Gravity is defined as the result of magnetism and chemical bonds between structures.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[8] viXra:0911.0029 [pdf] replaced on 1 Apr 2010

Is the Doubly Special Relativity Theory Necessary?

Authors: Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya
Comments: 4 pages, Published in Prespacetime Journal March 2010 Vol.1 Issue 2 Page 190-192

Giovanni Amelino-Camelia (2002) has proposed a theory whose hope (should it be confirmed by experiments) is to supersede Einstein's 1905 Special Theory of Relativity (STR). This theory is known as the Doubly Special Relativity (DSR) and it proposes a new observer-independent scale-length. At this scale, it is agreed that a particle that has reached this scale-length, has entered the Quantum Gravity regime. According to the STR, observers will - in principle; not agree on whether or not a particle has reached this length hence they will not agree as to when does a particle enter the Quantum Gravity regime. This presents the STR with a "paradox". Amongst others, the DSR is fashioned to solve this "puzzle/paradox". We argue/show here, that the STR already implies such a scale-length - it is the complete embodiment of the STR, thus we are left to excogitate; "Is the Doubly Special Relativity theory necessary?".
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[7] viXra:0911.0027 [pdf] replaced on 14 May 2010

From 'now' to Dark Matter a Concise View

Authors: Noel Eberz
Comments: 8 pages

While the assertions here are very different, they only add equivalent but generalizing views on time, energy, mass & space, with a minimal set of operational parameters. Foremost, justifying time as only Now and a 'dependant' variable of the Space fabric and its contained Substance can yield a concise view of how the immediate universe works. This includes defining all Mass as the confinement of energy and Energy, a ubiquitous particle, always in motion with self-induced refractive optics behavior and enhanced by decoding some relevance in the partial charge of Quarks.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[6] viXra:0911.0023 [pdf] replaced on 17 Dec 2009

Distance, Rotational Velocities, Red Shift, Mass, Length and Angular Momentum of 111 Spiral Galaxies in the Southern Hemisphere

Authors: Bruce Rout
Comments: 11 pages

To date, methods of direct measurement of the distance to galaxies have been limited in their range[1]. This paper makes direct measurements of distant galaxies by comparing spiral arm structures to the expected locus of gravitational influence along the geodesic in a centripetally accelerating reference frame. Such measurements provide a method of independent validation of the extragalactic distance ladder without presupposition of the uniformly expanding universe theory. The methodology of this paper avoids the use of Hubble's constant in the measurement of the distance to galaxies beyond the range of contemporary direct measurement methods. The measurements are validated by meaningful trends between distance and other variables such as mass, rotational velocity, size and angular momentum to validate the measurements made. A Hubble diagram calculated using this method is presented from data obtained from 111 spiral galaxies in the southern hemisphere to about 200 MPc distance. The galactic red shift from these galaxies appears independent to distance. Galactic structure, size, masses and angular momentum are seen to have a distinct relationship to the spin velocity, or tangential velocity, associated with each galaxy.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[5] viXra:0911.0022 [pdf] replaced on 28 Sep 2010

The "Spacetime Map" as a Model of Juan Maldacena's 5-Dimensional Holographic Universe

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 6 pages, This paper has also been published as a Google "Knol".

In 1997 the Argentinean physicist Juan Maldacena produced a mathematically rigorous model of a hypothetical 5-dimensional Universe which conforms to certain principles of the holographic metaphor. In Maldacena's model a 4-D Universe (3 space, 1 time) is the boundary membrane of the 5-D "bulk" Universe (4 space, 1 time). The physics in the two Universes are virtually indistinguishable, except that the 4-D Universe lacks gravity while the 5-D Universe is gravitational. Maldacena's model seems to fit my own "Spacetime Map of the Universe", which I have consequently come to interpret as a map of a 5-dimensional Cosmos, incorporating 4 large spatial dimensions and 1 time dimension.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[4] viXra:0911.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2012-08-14 17:52:06

Traveling Twin Paradox: Covariance of Space and Time

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 6 Pages.

Moving clocks measure spacetime, not just "pure" time. Insofar as the intrinsic motion of light and the intrinsic motion of time are the entropy drives of free and bound energy, clocks also measure the march of temporal entropy. A moving clock incorporates space into its time measurements, thus "spacing out" its ticks or temporal intervals in relativistic proportion to its velocity, hence "running slow" (and hence measuring spacetime, not just time). The stationary clock of course does not incorporate any space into its temporal measurement, and so records "pure" time. A clock's running rate can be changed by mechanical accelerations/decelerations or a gravitational field. This was Einstein's great discovery regarding the relative or local nature of time.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[3] viXra:0911.0019 [pdf] replaced on 2012-08-15 21:59:50

The Time Train

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 4 Pages.

Whereas massless forms of energy (such as light) have intrinsic motion within their entropic conservation domain (space), massive forms of energy (such as ourselves) have no intrinsic motion within our entropic conservation domain (history). Rather, we experience an eternal "now", which is only tangentially connected to history. In our case, it is the time dimension itself which moves, carrying us with it, like passengers on a train. This arrangement allows the "passengers" to achieve an intrinsic motion in history which is the metric equivalent of light's intrinsic motion in space, a velocity which would otherwise be impossible for them (excepting only in the black hole, where a moving spatial dimension carries massive objects at "velocity c").
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[2] viXra:0911.0016 [pdf] replaced on 18 Dec 2009

A Comparisson of Distance Measurements to NGC 4258

Authors: Bruce Rout
Comments: 4 pages

The accurate measurement of extragalactic distances is a central challenge of modern astronomy, being required for any realistic description of the age, geometry and fate of the Universe. The measurement of relative extragalactic distances has become fairly routine, but estimates of absolute distances are rare.[1] In the vicinity of the Sun, direct geometric techniques for obtaining absolute distances, such as orbital parallax, are feasible, but heretofore such techniques have been difficult to apply to other galaxies. As a result, uncertainties in the expansion rate and age of the Universe are dominated by uncertainties in the absolute calibration of the extragalactic distance ladder[2]. Here we compare previous distance measurements to the galaxy NGC 4258 from both an estimate of Hubble's constant and a direct measurement of orbital motions in a disk of gas surrounding the nucleus of this galaxy to a direct measurement using a model of constant rotational velocity and galactic spiral morphology. The results of the comparison help validate methods of direct measurement of spiral galaxies to much greater distances.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[1] viXra:0911.0006 [pdf] replaced on 2014-03-09 09:54:36

A Spacetime Map of the Universe: Implications for Cosmology

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 17 Pages. replacing "spacemap" figure

I present a 4-dimensional spacetime map of the cosmos showing our position in it and how we view the universe. We exist on the spacetime edge of the cosmos looking backward in time toward its beginning and "center" as we look outward in every direction in space. As we look deeper into spacetime we look into successively smaller and younger historical eras of our universe, all of which nevertheless surround us completely. Implications for cosmology (including the theory of "inflation") resulting from this (generally unappreciated) perspective are discussed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology