[18] **viXra:1812.0230 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-14 04:53:44*

**Authors:** Milan D. Nešić

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

It is understandable that in 1916 Einstein was unable to explain his postulate c=const, that in the case of the lightning and the train that moves on the railway embankment he still tacitly implied that the inertial coordinate system which is at rest has advantage over the one in motion. In serious scientific journals, there are no tries of explanations of this postulate, but it is strange that even today, at popular lectures, Einstein's explanation is taken as valid. It isn't difficult to show that his explanation is not valid; it is difficult to find the right explanation without trying to form an alternative theory. The article is dedicated to this goal. The found explanation will also serve to explain, for example, the EPR-paradox without any “spooky action at a distance” or “hidden variables” (Einstein’s expressions). And this is not the only example where it can serve.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:1812.0224 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-12 07:46:37*

**Authors:** Peter H. Michalicka

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

A time scale of the Universe will be shown in all details. It starts with the existence of the first information (0/1) Bit and the probability of God or the Creator of the Universe. Step by step are comming dimensions within the Universe until the 4-dimensionsal Universe of General Relativity Theory (GRT) is created.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[16] **viXra:1812.0215 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-12 21:36:30*

**Authors:** Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay

**Comments:** 76 Pages.

The aim of this work is, first, to set the basis for a formal model of science, then, it is to show that the laws of physics are its theorems. Necessarily, all theories that are the logical product of science are theorems of our model. As this includes physics, our model is, therefore, its logical foundation.
Our model is an axiomatic realization of the participatory universe envisioned by John Archibald Wheeler, in which the observer's practice of science is associated with proving reality. As our model is constructive of the mathematical structure isomorphic to nature, it deprecates Karl Popper's definition of science based on falsifiability.
The formal practice of science consists of constructing a message (in the sense of Shannon's theory of information) of experiments (the elements of the message) constrained by the requirement that the elements are verifiable by the statistical priors of the message. In this context, we define the priors as Nature and we qualify the message as scientific. Nature is thus understood as a general proof checker for experiments.
We show that the construction of a scientific message bounds nature (the priors) to a cosmology entirely emergent from the entropy of the scientific message. Finally, we conclude that the participatory-universe is emergent from the ideal practice of science.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:1812.0162 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-10 03:30:41*

**Authors:** Salvatore Gerard Micheal

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

why science hates time travel and antigravity, why they're impossible, and what the implications are for antimatter

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[14] **viXra:1812.0157 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-08 09:23:12*

**Authors:** Andrey N. Smirnov

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The model based on subjective idealism, enabling to derive a space-time with a Minkowsky space metrics on Euclidean space with no time and dynamics is suggested. This model also allows deriving the curved space-time with a metrics of the general theory of relativity. It was demonstrated that the principle of causality and the anthropic principle arise from the model. It was demonstrated that the strong principle of equivalence of gravitation and acceleration arises from the model. All principles and postulates on which special and general theories of relativity are based are being derived. Article offers entirely new model for creation of physical theories.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1812.0155 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-08 10:20:47*

**Authors:** Peter J Carroll

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Abstract. This paper presents core the equations and physical principles of Hypersphere Cosmology drawn together in summary from a number of the authors previous papers. It presents an alternative interpretation of observed cosmological data to that currently used in the Standard Model.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1812.0129 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-07 22:43:34*

**Authors:** Salvatore Gerard Micheal

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

the ways antimatter can interact with time are explored and the consequences of the only viable option are enumerated, theory detailed, test proposed, and casual finale

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1812.0109 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-06 10:55:12*

**Authors:** Salvatore Gerard Micheal

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

a concise treatment of gravitation and antimatter using temporal elasticity as mediator

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:1812.0108 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-06 11:18:58*

**Authors:** Francois Ritter

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

Based on an intuitive generalization of the Lorentz Transformations to non-inertial frames, this study presents new coordinates for a hyperbolically accelerated reference frame. These coordinates are equivalent to the Rindler coordinates exclusively at small times due to the loss of the clock hypothesis. This hypothesis is considered an excellent but fundamentally incorrect approximation for longitudinal motion. The proper acceleration of a hyperbolically accelerated particle is no longer constant and its proper time progressively slows down until becoming constant at the speed of light. This is in agreement with the timeless nature of photons. An event horizon beyond which any information cannot reach the particle is still present and is identical to the Rindler horizon. More importantly, a time dependent factor appears in the metric that could profoundly change our understanding of the space-time dynamic.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:1812.0105 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-12-11 09:59:51*

**Authors:** Gary Nash

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

A modified Einstein equation of general relativity is obtained by using the principle of least action, a decomposition of symmetric tensors on a time oriented Lorentzian manifold, and a fundamental postulate of general relativity. The decomposition introduces a new symmetric tensor $ \varPhi_{\alpha\beta} $ which describes the energy-momentum of the gravitational field itself. It completes Einstein's equation and addresses the energy localization problem. The positive part of $ \Phi $, the trace of the new tensor with respect to the metric, describes dark energy. The cosmological constant must vanish and is dynamically replaced by $ \Phi $. A cyclic universe which developed after the Big Bang is described. The dark energy density provides a natural explanation of why the vacuum energy density is so small, and why it dominates the present epoch of the universe. The negative part of $ \Phi $ describes the attractive self-gravitating energy of the gravitational field. $\varPhi_{\alpha\beta} $ introduces two additional terms into the Newtonian radial force equation: the force due to dark energy and the $\frac{1}{r}$ "dark matter" force. When the dark energy force balances the Newtonian force, the flat rotation curves and the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation are obtained. The Newtonian rotation curves for galaxies with no flat orbital curves, and those with rising rotation curves for large radii are described as examples of the flexibility of the orbital rotation curve equation.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[8] **viXra:1812.0082 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-04 08:44:17*

**Authors:** Pablo Hernan Pereyra

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

A particle solution is obtained, interpreted as
being the Photon, with mass and electric charge, using the Null Quantum tensor in 5th dimension according to Theory of Total Relativity.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[7] **viXra:1812.0075 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-04 15:44:36*

**Authors:** Emil Gigov

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Light also has inertia and variable speed.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[6] **viXra:1812.0046 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-12-10 02:34:57*

**Authors:** Yansha Yu-Sandstrom

**Comments:** 73 Pages.

中国“前沿科学”杂志受篇幅限制，于2014年02期发表了本人所著“宇宙生命复合立体同步划分整合相生演进原理”前几部章节；随后，中国线装书局于2015年五月出版了这一原理更为丰富的内容，书名《宇宙学 人类文明智慧交叉整合共通共识理论原理》。美国网络期刊“数学前沿（JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS）”在2015年12月18日发表了该原理的部分简化内容，标题为《The principle of natural law》 build in “Complete Scientific Modeling" with its internet could inclusive of all human faith, knowledge and experience. The world peace come from all the personality together blooming and complement each other。由于本人英文水平非常有限，相信不会有人看懂它。
兹寻求“完满的科学信仰及其《自然规律原理》”不同语言翻译者，以利世界不同文明文化信仰学科通过沟通交流达成人类的和解共识，谨此向翻译者们致以衷心的感谢！！
何谓包容完满的信仰？理性全方位融会贯通也*注1；换言之，从全体“个性规律”中求得它们共同具有的“共性原则”即为包容完满的信仰。何谓《自然规律原理》？即为“共性原则”也为“个性规律”的“共性原则个性规律共通共识”三大相辅相成法则，在不排斥全体人类认知认证基础上，结合数理化，包容全面地阐明万事万物各自自身及其彼此相互的存在方式和存在关系，方式方法异曲同工地翻译、互补和建立人类不同文明文化信仰学科共同具有的存在道理，为科学时代的科学人类，从各自立场属性出发走向和解共识，共建健康安全发展的“科学社会PUZZLE有机互补公共道德秩序制度”，奠定理论沟通基础。
《自然规律原理》也称“三位一体”*注2原理。鉴于科学只有量子学说接触到了“三位一体”一些皮毛，但量子学说尚未归纳总结出“三位一体”的任何概念和法则，科学实验室更未接触到“三位一体”的任何皮毛。因此，本文“引文索引”只能从世界古老文明文化信仰们方式方法异曲同工的“三位一体”法则中取得佐证。竟如，《圣经》和“本体论”的“上帝”及其“三位一体”符号“十字架”的“上帝法则”；《古兰经》“阿拉”及其“阿拉之星月”法则（其中，“星”也由“男性白色传统长袍”代表，“月”也由“女性从头到脚覆盖的黑色传统长袍”代表）；《佛经》“佛”及其“三身佛”法；《易经》“大恒”及其“阴阳球”之宇宙法理；《道德经》“道”及其“一阴一阳之谓道”的“三一之道”法自然；……。为有助相应科学期刊的理解、支持和发表，兹将《自然规律原理》解决当下科学理论困局的四篇演绎文章做为本文概要，为即将入住正文追本寻源科学和跨学科真理的仁人志士们，热身。

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:1812.0037 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-02 12:02:48*

**Authors:** Salvatore Gerard Micheal

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

temporal elasticity theory is detailed and established on firm foundation

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[4] **viXra:1812.0026 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-03 03:45:52*

**Authors:** Wenceslao Segura González

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

We show that the forces of inertia acting on the accelerated bodies are forces of
gravitational induction exerted by the whole of the Universe. Therefore, the phenomenon of
inertia and the inertial mass of a body have a cosmic origin, as demanded by the Mach's principle.
The calculations will be applied to a vector gravitational field theory. In a second part of this research we will apply these results to the General Theory of Relativity

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:1812.0023 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-01 13:50:16*

**Authors:** Alan T Kelly

**Comments:** 22 Pages.

Based on a quantitative assessment of the fundamental forces and constants, we demonstrate
a solution to the Constant Speed of Light V’s Variable Speed of Light question. The solution
provides that all physical constants begin at a point of fundamental perfection, where their values
can be described in the absolute simplest terms, requiring only the numbers 1; 2; 3; and 5 to do so.
We subsequently demonstrate that by inserting a Mass Variable into the model, to account for the
quantity of mass interacting with our locale of space, we can transform these perfect prime based
constants, to attain predictive results that are on average 99.94% in agreement with CODATA
values. We conclude that the speed of light is indeed variable, as is every other physical constant.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:1812.0017 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-12-10 13:13:36*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In gravity theory, there is a well-known trans-Planckian problem, which is that general relativity theory leads to a shorter than Planck length and shorter than Planck time in relation to so-called black holes. However, there has been little focus on the fact that special relativity also leads to a trans-Planckian problem, something we will demonstrate here. According to special relativity, an object with mass must move slower than light, but special relativity has no limits on how close to the speed of light something with mass can move. This leads to a scenario where objects can undergo so much length contraction that they will become shorter than the Planck length as measured from another frame, and we can also have shorter time intervals than the Planck time.
The trans-Planckian problem is easily solved by a small modification that assumes Haug’s maximum velocity for matter is the ultimate speed limit for something with mass. This speed limit depends on the Planck length, which can be measured without any knowledge of Newton’s gravitational constant or the Planck constant. After a long period of slow progress in theoretical physics, we are now in a Klondike “gold rush” period where many of the essential pieces are falling in place.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1812.0011 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-02 01:18:44*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

n this paper, we consider the relationship between the wave function and the holographic principle.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology