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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[33515] viXra:2001.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 18:48:00

Planck Length and Third Amendment to the Rayleigh-Jeans Law

Authors: S. V. Miheev
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is shown that the minimum wavelength is approximately equal to the Planck length. To prove the exact equality, it is necessary to find an analytical solution of a certain integral = 1 /(8*Pi)^2 . The calculations are based: on a previously obtained dependence of the temperature of zero oscillations on the maximum and minimum wavelengths of standing oscillations in the cavity; on the previously calculated fraction of thermal fluctuations in the critical energy density (1/4); and on the law of Stefan – Boltzmann. It is assumed that thermal and zero-point vibrations are held in the cavity by their own gravitational field, and the wavelength of these oscillations is quantized. The critical frequency is determined above which corrections arise associated with the quantization of the wavelength of oscillations. The corrections are obtained: the Rayleigh – Jeans law, the formula for the distribution of the energy density of zero-point vibrations over frequencies, the Planck formula, and the Stefan – Boltzmann law. It is shown that corrections that reduce the energy density of zero-point vibrations by 120 orders of magnitude are almost impossible to detect in laboratory experiments with thermal radiation. I apologize for spreading false information that the minimum wavelength is significantly greater than the Planck length. My attempts to find a solution by adjusting the parameters led to errors.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[33514] viXra:2001.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 19:33:35

A Distributed Algorithm for Brute Force Password Cracking on n Processors

Authors: Roman Bahadursingh
Comments: 3 Pages.

A Password P, can be defined as a hash of x symbols .A brute force password cracking algorithm will go through every possible combination of symbols from 1 – x symbols. This form of password cracker takes O(n) time to solve, where n is the number of possible combinations, achieved by sn where s is the number of symbols available for a password. Having a password cracker with multiple processors, having the processors instead of all checking from symbol 0 to the last symbol, using a more decentralized approach can greatly improve the speed of this computation to O(n/2) for two processors, O(n/3) for three processors and O(n/np) as a generalized formula. This algorithm also allows for multiple processors of different clock speeds to also crack a password in more optimal time.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[33513] viXra:2001.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 00:47:55

The Hybrid Time Clock as a Function of Gravity

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 15 Pages.

This paper follows on from the preceding papers [1-15] in detailing how time is a function of gravity using what is termed the “hybrid time clock”, in much the same way Einstein used the analogy of a clock in his special relativity theory [16]. The paper here doesn't dispute key known facts of special relativity regarding time and gravity, and of course mass, yet it does highlight new equations relevant to the general question theoretical physics is asking in regard to gravity, namely how it is related to QED (Quantum Electrodynamics). In this paper, “time” is considered to be “what a clock measures” for the lack of a better definition. The hybrid time clock is a concept developed from the hybrid time equation of the preceding papers [1-15], more specifically the most recent paper “Hybrid Time Theory: “Euler’s Formula” and the “Phi-Algorithm”” [15], and is implemented here in this paper as a function of gravity. In short, the concept of the hybrid time clock is that of using a construct of measuring time, the concept of time, using a “time-clock” as a standardized construct of measurement for time. Time could indeed be the most mysterious entity of all. It may not even exist. Yet the hybrid time clock is a way to measure the concept of time for the purpose of also understanding the concept of space and associated phenomena of energy and mass and light. This paper will take the concept of the hybrid time clock and associated equation from paper 15 ([15]: p11, eq8) and present its case as “the” integral function of G (gravity) directly associating it to EM (electromagnetism) as the phi-quantum wave-function as accounted for in the preliminary papers [1-15].
Category: Mathematical Physics

[33512] viXra:2001.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 01:56:39

On the Meaning of Relativity in Contemporary Physics

Authors: Daniele Sasso
Comments: 24 Pages.

The paper examines the evolution of the concept of relativity from origins, in the 17th century, to this day. Doubtless the concept of relativity has undergone a substantial change that misrepresents the concept that instead expresses in its essence the fact that laws and equations of physics do not depend on the inertial reference frame and on the inertial observer. The principle of relativity hence is valid only for inertial reference frames and observers who move with constant relative motion. For all inertial observers the same laws of physics and the same equations are valid, it doesn’t mean nevertheless for them also the same mathematical solutions are valid when these solutions depend on inertial velocity of a second reference frame with respect to the reference frame supposed at rest.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33511] viXra:2001.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 01:56:22

Neutron Spectroscopy Data Resolution

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

"As far as we know, this is the first published work showing an application of super resolution to neutrons. We're at the forefront of an exciting new trend that will help other neutron scattering facilities improve their own data resolution as well," said Lin. [14] Coupled with SNS, the world's most powerful pulsed accelerator-based neutron source, VENUS will be the only open research facility platform in the US to provide time-of-flight neutron imaging capabilities to users from academia and industry. [13] A spallation neutron source has been used by physicists in Japan to search for possible violations of the inverse square law of gravity. [12] Physicists have proposed a way to test quantum gravity that, in principle, could be performed by a laser-based, table-top experiment using currently available technology. [11] Now however, a new type of materials, the so-called Weyl semimetals, similar to 3-D graphene, allow us to put the symmetry destructing quantum anomaly to work in everyday phenomena, such as the creation of electric current. [10] Physicist Professor Chunnong Zhao and his recent PhD students Haixing Miao and Yiqiu Ma are members of an international team that has created a particularly exciting new design for gravitational wave detectors. [9] A proposal for a gravitational-wave detector made of two space-based atomic clocks has been unveiled by physicists in the US. [8] The gravitational waves were detected by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. [7] A team of researchers with the University of Lisbon has created simulations that indicate that the gravitational waves detected by researchers with the LIGO project, and which are believed to have come about due to two black holes colliding, could just have easily come from another object such as a gravaster (objects which are believed to have their insides made of dark energy) or even a wormhole. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes the simulations they created, what was seen and what they are hoping to find in the future. [6] In a landmark discovery for physics and astronomy, international scientists said Thursday they have glimpsed the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, which Albert Einstein predicted a century ago. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star'-unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[33510] viXra:2001.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 03:50:24

On the Polarization of Gravitational Waves

Authors: Paul R. Gerber
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is argued that transversal waves in the geometry of space-time, as postulated by General Relativity, violate translation symmetry within phase planes of a planar wave. Consequently, it is proposed that a corresponding test of transversality is performed, which should have become possible with the increasing number of registered events of gravitational waves. This would provide a independent, new, and essential test of General Relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33509] viXra:2001.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 06:26:00

Operation Approach of $g\star$-Closed Sets in Ideal Topological Spaces

Authors: Saeid Jafari, A. Sevakumar, M. Parimala
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this article we introduce $(I; \gamma)$ -$g\star$-closed sets in topological spaces and also introduce $\gamma g\star$-$T_I$-spaces and investigate some of their properties.
Category: Topology

[33508] viXra:2001.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 06:30:01

Regularity and Normality Via $\beta \theta$-Open Sets

Authors: M. Caldas, Saeid Jafari
Comments: 18 Pages.

The aim of this paper is to present and study a new type of regularity and normality called $\beta \theta$-regularity and $\beta \theta$-normality, repectively by using $\beta \theta$-open sets.
Category: Topology

[33507] viXra:2001.0395 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 06:34:28

On the Class of Semipre-$\theta$-Open Sets in Topological Spaces

Authors: M. Caldas, Saeid Jafari, T. Noiri
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper we consider the class of $\beta \theta$-open sets in topological spaces and investigate some of their properties. We also present and study some weak separation axioms by involving the notion of $\beta \theta$-open sets.
Category: Topology

[33506] viXra:2001.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 06:40:49

New Types of Continuous Functions Via $G \~$ \alpha$-Open Sets

Authors: Saeid Jafari, A. Selvakumar
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this paper , we will continue the study of related irresolute functions with $G \~$ \alpha$-open sets [6]. We introduce and study the notion of completely $G \~$ \alpha$-irresolute functions. Further, we discuss the notion of $G \~$ \alpha$-quotient functions and study some of their properties.
Category: Topology

[33505] viXra:2001.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 06:45:34

$mi$-Open Sets and Quasi-$mi$-Open Sets in Terms of Minimal Ideal Topological Spaces

Authors: Saeid Jafari, M. Parimala
Comments: 14 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new type of open sets called mI-open sets and quasi-$mI$-open sets in minimal ideal topological spaces and investigate the relation between minimal structure space and minimal ideal structure spaces. Basic properties and characterizations related to these sets are given.
Category: Topology

[33504] viXra:2001.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 06:49:56

Some Properties of $g\~$$\alpha$-Closed Graphs

Authors: Saeid Jafari, A. Selvakumar
Comments: 15 Pages.

R.Devi et al. [4] introduced the concept of $g\~$$\alpha$-open sets. In this paper, we introduce and study some properties of functions with ultra $g\~$$\alpha$-closed graphs and strongly $g\~$$\alpha$-closed graphs by utilizing $g\~$$\alpha$-open sets and the eg-closure operator.
Category: Topology

[33503] viXra:2001.0391 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 06:53:57

Contra $g\~$$\alpha$-Continuous Functions

Authors: Saeid Jafari, A. Selvakumar
Comments: 20 Pages.

The concept of $g\~$$\alpha$-closed sets in a topological space are introduced by R. Devi et. al. [4]. In this paper, we introduce the notion of contra $g\~$$\alpha$-continuous functions utilizing $g\~$$\alpha$-open sets and study some of its applications.
Category: Topology

[33502] viXra:2001.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 06:59:47

On New Type of Sets in Ideal Topological Spaces

Authors: A. Selvakumar, Saeid Jafari
Comments: 19 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the notion of $I_{g~\alpha}$ -closed sets in ideal topological spaces and investigate some of their properties. Further, we introduce the concept of mildly $I_{g~\alpha}$- closed sets and $I_{g~\alpha}$-normal space.
Category: Topology

[33501] viXra:2001.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 07:04:11

The Correct Formulas of the Experiment of Michelson-Morley

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 4 Pages. This is a better corrected work from a previous work.

When the light photons bounce off a moving mirror, they react with its atoms to be reflected, consequently, the photons change their velocity vector after each impact depending on the velocity vector of the mirror and thus of the atom. The Michelson-Morley experiment was the event that changed the modern science about "the light" by leading to Lorentz and Einstein's theories about time. I made the formulas of the Michelson-Morley experiment by considering the effects of the reflection on the light and The rate (percentage) of fringe shift calculated by the formulas which I demonstrated is perfectly null. As a result not all physics must be wrong ,but only a principle that Einstein and Lorentz stated by fixing the light speed for all observers, which makes us study light in a very difficult way. The formulas demonstrated in this work allow us to study the light as a normal wave and to understand easily all the other light effects without being obliged to use any relativity of the time.
Category: Classical Physics

[33500] viXra:2001.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 07:03:27

Nano $g\~$$\alpha$-Closed Sets in Nano Topological Spaces

Authors: A. Selvakumar, Saeid Jafari
Comments: 10 Pages.

The basic objective of this paper is to introduce and investigate the properties of Nano $g\~$$\alpha$-closed sets in Nano topological spaces.
Category: Topology

[33499] viXra:2001.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 07:07:38

Refutation of Riemann’s Definition of Integrals for a Cheating Runner

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2020 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Disqus comments are ignored, so don't bother. See ersatz-systems.com

We evaluate six equations which are not tautologous. This refutes the conjecture of Riemann’s definition of integrals for a cheating runner before the integral is invoked to form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[33498] viXra:2001.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 07:11:43

$g\~$$\alpha$-Closed Sets in Terms of Grills

Authors: A. Selvakumar, Saeid Jafari
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper, we define the $g\~$$\alpha$($\theta$)-convergence and $g\~$$\alpha$($\theta$)-adherence using the concept of grills and study some of their properties.
Category: Topology

[33497] viXra:2001.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 07:14:38

$g\~$$\alpha$-Closed Sets in Topological Spaces

Authors: R. Devi, A. Selvakumar, Saeid Jafari
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the notion of $g\~$$\alpha$-closed sets in topological spaces and investigate some of their basic properties.
Category: Topology

[33496] viXra:2001.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 07:15:17

Dark Energy Survey Results

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

The Dark Energy Survey (DES) program uses the patterns of cosmic structure as seen in the spatial distribution of hundreds of millions of galaxies to reveal the nature of "dark energy," the source of cosmic acceleration. [32] Key components for the sky-mapping Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), weighing about 12 tons, were hoisted atop the Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) near Tucson, Arizona, and bolted into place Wednesday, marking a major project milestone. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[33495] viXra:2001.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 07:19:09

Weak Separation Axioms Via Pre-Regular $p$-Open Sets

Authors: M. Caldas, Saeid Jafari, T. Noiri, M. S. Sarsak
Comments: 19 Pages.

In this paper, we obtain new separation axioms by using the notion of $(\delta; p)$-open sets introduced by Jafari [3] via the notion of pre-regular $p$-open sets [2].
Category: Topology

[33494] viXra:2001.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 07:26:21

$**gα$ Closed and $**gα$ Open Sets in the Digital Plane

Authors: M. Vigneshwaran1, Saeid Jafari, S. E. Han
Comments: 19 Pages.

Digital topology was first studied in the late 1970’s by the computer analysis researcher Azriel Rosenfeld [15]. In this paper we derive some of the properties of **gα-open and **gα-closed sets in the digital plane. Moreover, we show that the Khalimsky line $(Z^{2}, K^{2})$ is not an αT_1/2*** space. Also we prove that the family of all **gα-open sets of $(Z^2, K^2)$, say $**GαO(Z^2, K^2)$, forms an alternative topology of Z2 and the topological space (Z2, $**G\alpha O(Z^2, K^2))$ is a T_1/2 space. Moreover, we derive the properties of *gα-closed and *gα-open sets in the digital plane via the singleton’s points
Category: Topology

[33493] viXra:2001.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 07:31:08

C# Application to Deal with Neutrosophic $g \alpha$-Closed Sets in Neutrosophic Topology

Authors: S. Saranya, M. Vigneshwaran, Saeid Jafari
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this paper, we have developed a C# application for finding the values of the complement, union, intersection and the inclusion of any two neutrosophic sets in the neutrosophic field by using .NET Framework, Microsoft Visual Studio and C# Programming Language. In addition to this, the system can find neutrosophic topology ($\tau$ ), neutrosophic $g \alpha$-closed sets and neutrosophic $g \alpha$-closed sets in each resultant screens. Also this computer based application produces the complement values of each neutrosophic closed sets.
Category: Topology

[33492] viXra:2001.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 07:54:37

Brain Transplant Telescopes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

It will enable Australian researchers to do more ambitious research despite the increasing radio-frequency interference from radio transmitters, make more discoveries, and perhaps understand some more of the mysteries of the universe. [32] Key components for the sky-mapping Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), weighing about 12 tons, were hoisted atop the Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) near Tucson, Arizona, and bolted into place Wednesday, marking a major project milestone. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[33491] viXra:2001.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 08:13:59

LHCb Explores Lepton Universality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

The LHCb collaboration has reported an intriguing new result in its quest to test a key principle of the Standard Model called lepton universality. [40] Do the anomalies observed in the LHCb experiment in the decay of B mesons hide hitherto unknown particles from outside the currently valid and well-tested Standard Model? [39] "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino-the antimatter partner of a neutrino-with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34] The occasional decay of neutrons into dark matter particles could solve a long-standing discrepancy in neutron decay experiments. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[33490] viXra:2001.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 08:25:01

Protein Mimics Antiaging Effects

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Scientists are just beginning to understand the cellular processes that lead to aging and slow healing in skin cells. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[33489] viXra:2001.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 08:26:37

On the Various Ramanujan Equations (Rogers-Ramanujan Continued Fractions) Linked to Some Sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics: Further New Possible Mathematical Connections Vi.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 97 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed and deepened further Ramanujan expressions applied to some sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics. We have therefore described other new possible mathematical connections.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[33488] viXra:2001.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-20 10:09:54

On a Certain Identity Involving the Gamma Function

Authors: Theophilus Agama
Comments: 8 Pages.

The goal of this paper is to prove the identity \begin{align}\sum \limits_{j=0}^{\lfloor s\rfloor}\frac{(-1)^j}{s^j}\eta_s(j)+\frac{1}{e^{s-1}s^s}\sum \limits_{j=0}^{\lfloor s\rfloor}(-1)^{j+1}\alpha_s(j)+\bigg(\frac{1-((-1)^{s-\lfloor s\rfloor +2})^{1/(s-\lfloor s\rfloor +2)}}{2}\bigg)\nonumber \\ \bigg(\sum \limits_{j=\lfloor s\rfloor +1}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^j}{s^j}\eta_s(j)+\frac{1}{e^{s-1}s^s}\sum \limits_{j=\lfloor s\rfloor +1}^{\infty}(-1)^{j+1}\alpha_s(j)\bigg)=\frac{1}{\Gamma(s+1)},\nonumber \end{align}where \begin{align}\eta_s(j):=\bigg(e^{\gamma (s-j)}\prod \limits_{m=1}^{\infty}\bigg(1+\frac{s-j}{m}\bigg)\nonumber \\e^{-(s-j)/m}\bigg)\bigg(2+\log s-\frac{j}{s}+\sum \limits_{m=1}^{\infty}\frac{s}{m(s+m)}-\sum \limits_{m=1}^{\infty}\frac{s-j}{m(s-j+m)}\bigg), \nonumber \end{align}and \begin{align}\alpha_s(j):=\bigg(e^{\gamma (s-j)}\prod \limits_{m=1}^{\infty}\bigg(1+\frac{s-j}{m}\bigg)e^{-(s-j)/m}\bigg)\bigg(\sum \limits_{m=1}^{\infty}\frac{s}{m(s+m)}-\sum \limits_{m=1}^{\infty}\frac{s-j}{m(s-j+m)}\bigg),\nonumber \end{align}where $\Gamma(s+1)$ is the Gamma function defined by $\Gamma(s):=\int \limits_{0}^{\infty}e^{-t}t^{s-1}dt$ and $\gamma =\lim \limits_{n\longrightarrow \infty}\bigg(\sum \limits_{k=1}^{n}\frac{1}{k}-\log n\bigg)=0.577215664\cdots $ is the Euler-Mascheroni constant.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[33487] viXra:2001.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 11:11:06

A Useful Result About the Zeros of Riemann’s Hypothesis:

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 6 Pages. This is a better corrected work from a previous work.

Motivated by many scientific articles attacking the use of Riemann’s hypothesis, I made a very useful work about it by proving that the zeros of zeta when the variable real part is smaller than 1/2 and thus of Riemann’s Hypothesis aren’t images of the divergent function series . In this proof, I didn't suppose that zeta is convergent, but I supposed that the zero is among the images of a given complex number, since zeta can only be a relation when it doesn't converge.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[33486] viXra:2001.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 12:35:05

Division by Zero Dzielenie Przez Zero

Authors: Leszek Mazurek
Comments: 49 Pages. Text in Polish, English version soon

Since the beginning of time, the ban on dividing by zero has been a serious problem for all thinking people, who have found this restriction hard to accept. Moreover, intuitively it seems very artificial and unjustified. In this work, I have made the effort to analyze this problem very carefully, to try and finally understand where it comes from, why it is a problem, a limitation, and what should be done to solve it. By a very detailed analysis of multiplication and division, I have found out that these operations are the same. Combined with the selection operation they are transformations that perform the change of a pair of numbers into another pair of numbers. After the analysis, I’ve found out that a ratio of two numbers, that can represent such a transformation, is the most natural form of a number. I’m proposing a new understanding of fractions and explaining why 1/2 should not be equal to 2/4. I presented an explanation to the problem of why division by zero is not possible in real numbers’ domain and how easy it can be understood in the domain of rational numbers. The results that I have obtained not only solve this problem but also shed a whole new light on understanding the numbers and operations of numbers. My work fixes one of the foundations of mathematics, it is difficult to predict all consequences which this change can bring, to everything, what was created based on this wrong foundation.
Category: General Mathematics

[33485] viXra:2001.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 17:17:51

Point-Free Topological Monoids and Hopf Algebras on Locales and Frames

Authors: C. Özel, P. Linker, M. Al Shumrani, Saeid Jafari
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this note, we are intended to offer some theoretical consideration concerning the introduction of point-free topological monoids on the locales and frames. Moreover, we define a quantum group on locales by utilizing the Drinfeld-Jimbo group.
Category: Topology

[33484] viXra:2001.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 17:41:34

Proof of Beal's Conjecture

Authors: Nikos Mantzakouras
Comments: 34 Pages.

The Beal conjecture is a number theory formulated in 1993 by the billionaire banker, Mr Andrew Beal. Mr Beal, very recently, declared a one-million-dollar award for the proof of this number theory. As at present, no proof of this conjecture has been generally found. In this article, we provided the proof for Beal conjecture in a crystal-clear systematic approach.Proof implies that we know the proof of Fermat's last theorem.
Category: Number Theory

[33483] viXra:2001.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 18:15:22

Possible Solution to Hidden Variable(s) in Context of String Theory and Logic

Authors: John Peel
Comments: 22 Pages. Hopefully interesting - proofs cuold follow

The assumption is that a length (angle etc) can vary and be constant simultaneously. This is extended to say that the infinite can be reduced to a constant - essentially a decision. This is in the context of the proposed existence of strings and their connection to curves.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[33482] viXra:2001.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 01:54:04

Proteins on a Neuron's Surface

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Scientists have found a new way to home in on the proteins covering a particular cell's surface. The feat offers insight into how brain cells form intricate networks during development. [34] In a recent report, Mengke Yang and colleagues at the Brain Research Instrument Innovation Center, Institute of Neuroscience, Center for Systems Neuroscience and Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology in China, Germany and the U.K. developed a new technique named the multiarea two-photon real-time in vitro explorer (MATRIEX). [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[33481] viXra:2001.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 03:09:06

Protein Positioning Technique

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

A research team at Kobe University has developed a method of artificially controlling the anchorage position of target proteins in engineered baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). [35] Scientists have found a new way to home in on the proteins covering a particular cell's surface. The feat offers insight into how brain cells form intricate networks during development. [34] In a recent report, Mengke Yang and colleagues at the Brain Research Instrument Innovation Center, Institute of Neuroscience, Center for Systems Neuroscience and Optical System Advanced Manufacturing Technology in China, Germany and the U.K. developed a new technique named the multiarea two-photon real-time in vitro explorer (MATRIEX). [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[33480] viXra:2001.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 03:43:08

Decoy Molecule Neutralizes Arenaviruses

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Dr. Hadas Cohen-Dvashi, a member of the Diskin lab, led the next stage of the research, in which she "surgically removed" the very tip of the rodent receptor to which the virus binds and engineered it onto part of an antibody. [36] A research team at Kobe University has developed a method of artificially controlling the anchorage position of target proteins in engineered baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). [35] Scientists have found a new way to home in on the proteins covering a particular cell's surface. The feat offers insight into how brain cells form intricate networks during development. [34]
Category: Physics of Biology

[33479] viXra:2001.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 04:16:27

Heat-Insulating and Heat-Conducting

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) in Mainz and the University of Bayreuth have now jointly developed and characterized a novel, extremely thin and transparent material that has different thermal conduction properties depending on the direction. [23] Heat pipes are devices to keep critical equipment from overheating. They transfer heat from one point to another through an evaporation-condensation process and are used in everything from cell phones and laptops to air conditioners and spacecraft. [22] Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed an algorithm that can discover and optimize these materials in a matter of months, relying on solving quantum mechanical equations, without any experimental input. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15] Pioneering research offers a fascinating view into the inner workings of the mind of 'Maxwell's Demon', a famous thought experiment in physics. [14]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[33478] viXra:2001.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 04:46:28

Machine Learning Ancient Past

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in China and two in the U.S. has developed a way to use machine learning to get a better look at the past. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group describes how they used machine learning to analyze records of the past. [28] Bioinformatics researchers at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU) and the University of California at San Diego (UCSD) are using machine learning techniques to better understand enzyme kinetics and thus also complex metabolic processes. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[33477] viXra:2001.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 07:57:57

Correlation of the Residual Charge of an Electrolytic Capacitor with the Earth's Magnetic Field

Authors: Evgeny Arsyukhin
Comments: 3 Pages.

The effect of the diurnal variation of the residual charge of the electrolytic capacitor is revealed. The change in voltage between the capacitor plates correlates with high accuracy with the daily change in the strength of the Earth’s calm magnetic field. We were unable to find a description of such an effect in the literature. It can be interesting for school teachers to organize simple experiments at school.
Category: Geophysics

[33476] viXra:2001.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 08:01:43

Remarks on Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer Conjungture

Authors: Algirdas Antano Maknickas
Comments: 1 Page.

These short remarks show deriviation of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjungture. As a consequence new one resulting constant free equality of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjungture proposed
Category: Number Theory

[33475] viXra:2001.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 08:27:33

On the Ramanujan Mathematics Applied to Some Sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics: Further New Possible Mathematical Connections V.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 94 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed and deepened further Ramanujan expressions applied to some sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics. We have therefore described new possible mathematical connections.
Category: Number Theory

[33474] viXra:2001.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-19 09:43:24

Baryon Asymmetry from the Minimal Fractal Manifold

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 4 Pages.

Baryon asymmetry represents the observed excess of matter over antimatter and is conjectured to follow from the Sakharov conditions for baryogenesis. Our brief note highlights a surprising connection between baryon asymmetry and the minimal fractality of spacetime near the Fermi scale. This connection is likely to emerge from the non-equilibrium regime of dimensional fluctuations in the early Universe.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[33473] viXra:2001.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 10:14:47

A Runner Cheating Thanks to Riemann:

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 2 Pages. This is a better corrected work from a previous work about integrals.

Pure mathematics should be used very carefully when applying it to many fields that have special considerations and special axioms. I used a simple example of runners waiting for the start of a race. I concluded thanks to Riemann’s definition of integrals that a runner can cheat in order to win. The demonstration in this paper is very simple but the analogy of the proposed example with many fields can make the researcher be careful when using the definition of Riemann for the integrals.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[33472] viXra:2001.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 11:24:25

Unificação Das Leis Gravitacional Com a Relatividade Especial

Authors: Alberto Mananga Bifica
Comments: 10 Pages. Este Artigo Científico está Escrito em Português

A combinação das leis Gravitacional com a Relatividade Especial detalha as condições que permitem explicar que a energia é o responsável pela interacção gravitacional, juntamente com o espaço-tempo, matéria; a gravidade tem o seu valor máximo de velocidade v=c nos centros de massas dos planetas, estrelas, buracos negros e também no processo contínuo de energia criar matéria e matéria se transformar em ondas electromagnéticas que participam no processo da expansão do Universo. Nos pontos extremos em que a gravidade alcança v=c é onde acontece a unificação com o electromagnetismo.
Category: Classical Physics

[33471] viXra:2001.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 11:28:06

Campo Unificado (Gravidade e Electromagnetismo)

Authors: Alberto Mananga Bifica
Comments: 13 Pages. Este Artigo Científico está Escrito em Português

A combinação das leis da Relatividade Especial com a Cinemática e Dinâmica do movimento resultaram nas novas equações electromagnéticas e gravitacionais que detalham as condições que as torna em uma única força e também permitem calcular a massa, raio e carga eléctrica do Universo no seu estado actual, progressivo e regressivo. A força electromagnética torna-se igual a gravidade quando a velocidade das suas interacções é igual a da luz, isto é, nos centro de massa onde há maior potência de energia, na expansão do Universo, e no processo contínuo de energia criar matéria e matéria se transformar em ondas electromagnéticas para interagir com o exterior. As equações mostraram que não foi uma força que deu origem ao bing-bang (F=0), pôs por uma única partícula não poderia haver interacção; A origem do bing-beng ocorreu por meio da energia (E=mc^2) com campos de acção gravitacional e electromagnética onde a massa tende para infinito com a velocidade de equilíbrio v=c; e como também mostram que as ondas de energia nunca tiveram um começo sempre existiram num tempo infinito; As equações v_e v_g=c^2 e v_e v_p=c^2 respectivamente mostram evidências de que onda de energia ou a luz, na verdade são as leis gravitacionais e electromagnéticas é uma só entidade e também prova que átomos são apenas uma acção causado pelas possibilidades da dualidade onda-partícula.
Category: Classical Physics

[33470] viXra:2001.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 11:32:45

Equações Finais do Campo Unificado (Gravidade e Electromagnetismo)

Authors: Alberto Mananga Bifica
Comments: 10 Pages. Este Artigo Científico está Escrito em Português

A força electromagnética torna-se igual a gravidade quando a velocidade das suas interacções é igual a c da luz, isto ocorre nos centro de massa onde há maior potência de energia, na expansão do Universo, e no processo contínuo de energia criar matéria e matéria se transformar em ondas electromagnéticas para interagir com o exterior. As equações mostraram que não foi uma força que deu origem ao bing-bang (F=0), mas sim por meio de energia (E=mc^2) com campos de acção gravitacional e electromagnética onde a massa tende para infinito com a velocidade de equilíbrio v=c; A equação v_e v_g=c^2 mostra evidencias de que onda de energia ou a luz, na verdade são as leis gravitacionais e electromagnéticas é uma só entidade, e também prova que átomos são apenas uma acção causado pelas possibilidades da dualidade onda-partícula que o seu conjunto é a luz.
Category: Classical Physics

[33469] viXra:2001.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 11:38:07

Sistema Atómico e O Segredo da Luz (Energia Transportadora Das Ondas, Velocidade e Raio do Protão)

Authors: Alberto Mananga Bifica
Comments: 11 Pages. Este Artigo Científico está Escrito em Português

O átomo tem sido um dos grandes desafios da Física Moderna para tentar desvendar os seus mistérios que quanto mais conhecermos o mundo atómico mais incertezas encontram para seu entendimento. Este artigo mostra que o segredo do átomo está na sua ligação profunda e única com a luz que permite a sua existência e funcionamento nas suas possibilidades de se tornar numa partícula. A velocidade da luz é o produto proporcional das velocidades centrípetas do protão e electrão provando que se trata duma única entidade no Universo ou seja e equação 〖v_e v_p〗^ =c^2 prova que a luz é responsável pelo átomo permitindo assim a dualidade onda-partícula deste sistema. Por meio da dualidade onda-partícula encontrou-se uma equação que é a nova entidade de energia no Universo.
Category: Classical Physics

[33468] viXra:2001.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 13:50:15

Atlantis in Auschwitz-Birkenau

Authors: Leon Elshout
Comments: 1 Page.

Auschwitz was surrounded by a sea of hostile nations. While the Jews were collectively kicked into the death realm of the sheol as Atlantis had sunken into the sea. Auschwitz was located in the Polish region of Galicia, a name that sounds like Galilee. The Lake of Galilee has got the same harp shape (Psalm 49:4) as Athanasius Kirchers Atlantis had. Adolf Hitler had the spirit of the false "nazi" prince King Atlas while king David will be the true "nashi" prince of the coming aion according to Ezekiel 37:25.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[33467] viXra:2001.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 14:49:16

Proving Physics by Making Science Formal (2020)

Authors: Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay
Comments: 98 Pages.

Under the expectation that the laws of physics are revealed by the practice of science in nature, we conjectured that a mathematical formalization of such would carry over this expectation and would be able to produce, in a formal setting, the laws of physics as theorems of the practice. Here, we report a mathematical model formalizing the practice of science in nature. The model, which we name formal science, is constructed within the frameworks of algorithmic information theory and that of theoretic computer science. Formal science is a significant improvement over the informal practice of science as well as a 'clarification tool par excellence' for the foundation of physics and as such it can derive the corpus of physics as a theorem, hence giving it a purely mathematical origin. Formal science reveals that nature and the laws that govern it, far from being arbitrary, are mathematically extremely special; nature is emergent, quite minimally, as the 'substance' that formally verifies the experiments recursively enumerated from the domain of science by the observer. After we present the model, we then begin the long program to derive the corpus of physics using formal science as the sound, free of physical baggage, and observer-centric mathematical foundation of physics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[33466] viXra:2001.0353 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 17:04:23

Different Types of Propulsion

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

A short list from memory that will be clarified and refined in the future that outlines different types of propulsion people use in the galaxy. The purpose of this paper is to take the edge off the ridicule factor still prevalent in today's society concerning extraterrestrial visitation and their interaction with the militaries and civilian populations of the world. The denial of their visitation and interaction of Earthlings by the scientific communities of the world can be ignored, their opinion is worthless. It is only the facts that matter, and the facts point to Earth being visited by people from other star systems. The facts also point to their craft being far more advanced than our own, and they utilize nuclear propulsion in a way we haven't figured out how to do yet.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[33465] viXra:2001.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 18:45:19

Strip Configuration of the Poincare' Sphere

Authors: Vincenzo Nardozza
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper we find and discuss the Strip Configuration of the Poincare' Sphere.
Category: Topology

[33464] viXra:2001.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 01:19:10

Biot-Savart Law and Stokes' Theorem

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 2 Pages. Note that the author does not read Disqus comments here, please respond by email. Including a list of publications is also a healthy gesture.

Biot-Savart law describes magnetic field due to the electric current in a conductive wire. For a long straight wire, the magnetic field is proportional to (I/r). The curl of magnetic field is proportional to (dI/dr). For a constant current, the curl of magnetic field is zero. Consequently, the surface integral of the curl of magnetic field is zero but the line integral of the magnetic field is not. Stokes' theorem can not be applied to the magnetic field vector generated by a constant electric current because the magnetic field is not a differentiable vector.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33463] viXra:2001.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 01:32:22

Stellar Aberration Revisited

Authors: Cameron Wong
Comments: 6 Pages. Theoretically, stellar aberration can be calculated with absolute precision other than "approximately".

It appears that the reasoning in calculating stellar aberration proposed by James Bradley cannot satisfy a big group of people, particularly those people who believe only special relativity can present such calculation that is accurate to the point. This means that, in case relativity happens to be invalid, the argument on the calculation about stellar aberration has not yet truly settled in the science world these days. The problem is that relativity does show evidence that it must lead itself to conclude speed of light c=0 and thus refutes itself. So, history still leaves open the opportunity for us to approach the calculation from a new angle
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33462] viXra:2001.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 03:34:14

Why Bodies Made of Matter Obey Mathematical Laws

Authors: Jose P Koshy
Comments: 3 Pages.

Why bodies obey mathematical laws is a longstanding question in physics. Here I put forth a very simple explanation. Matter is made up of fundamental units having finite non inter-convertible properties, and motion is one of that properties. The former implies that the integration of units into a system is adding up; adding up follows mathematical laws. The latter implies that the system remains changing due to motion; motion obeys mathematical laws, and so the changes in the system obey mathematical laws.
Category: Classical Physics

[33461] viXra:2001.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 04:12:43

Chemical Bond with Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

The team believe that one day in future electron microscopy may become a general method for studying chemical reactions, similar to spectroscopic methods widely used in chemistry labs. [36] By breaking with conventionality, University of Otago physicists have opened up new research and technology opportunities involving the basic building block of the world—atoms. [35] A novel technique that nudges single atoms to switch places within an atomically thin material could bring scientists another step closer to realizing theoretical physicist Richard Feynman's vision of building tiny machines from the atom up. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33460] viXra:2001.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 04:44:46

Photo-Excited Mott Insulators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Assistant Professor Ohmura Shu and Professor Takahashi Akira of the Nagoya Institute of Technology and others have developed a charge model to describe photo-excited states of one-dimensional Mott insulators under the JST Strategic Basic Research Programs. [37] The team believe that one day in future electron microscopy may become a general method for studying chemical reactions, similar to spectroscopic methods widely used in chemistry labs. [36] By breaking with conventionality, University of Otago physicists have opened up new research and technology opportunities involving the basic building block of the world—atoms. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33459] viXra:2001.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 05:15:33

Robotic Graspers Defy Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Scientists have developed a suction unit that can be used on rough surfaces, no matter how textured, and that has applications in the development of climbing robots and robotic arms with grasping capabilities. [12] The relationship may even unlock the quantum nature of gravity. "It is among our best clues to understand gravity from a quantum perspective," said Witten. [11] Scientists at the University of British Columbia have proposed a radical new theory to explain the exponentially increasing size of the universe. [10]
Category: Condensed Matter

[33458] viXra:2001.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 06:07:32

Relativity and Absolute Laws

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper adds some thoughts on relativity theory and geometry to our one-cycle photon model. We basically highlight what exactly we should think of as being relative in this model (energy, wavelength, and the related force and field values), as opposed to what is absolute (the geometry of spacetime and the geometry of the photon).
Category: Quantum Physics

[33457] viXra:2001.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 06:55:58

Molecules Move Faster

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Now, writing in Physical Review Letters, Cristian Rodriguez-Tinoco and a team of Université libre de Bruxelles' (ULB) Faculty of Sciences lead by Simone Napolitano shows that large molecules actually move faster in the proximity of rougher surfaces at the nanometric scale. [37] The team believe that one day in future electron microscopy may become a general method for studying chemical reactions, similar to spectroscopic methods widely used in chemistry labs. [36] By breaking with conventionality, University of Otago physicists have opened up new research and technology opportunities involving the basic building block of the world—atoms. [35]
Category: Condensed Matter

[33456] viXra:2001.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 07:05:13

Solve Equations.(Τhe Generalized Theorem)

Authors: Nikos Mantzakouras
Comments: 22 Pages.

While all the approximate methods mentioned or others that exist, give some specific solutions of the generalized transcendental equations or even polynomial, cannot resolve them completely. "What we ask when we solve a generalized transcendental equation or polyonomial, is to find the total number of roots and not separate sets of roots in some random or specified this time. Mainly because this, too many categories transcendental equations have infinite number of solutionsin the complex whole " There are some particular equations or Logarithmic functions Trigonometric functions which solve particular problems in Physics, and mostly need the generalized solution. This is now the theory G.R.LE, to deal with the help of Super Simple geometric functions, or interlocking with very satisfactory answer to all this complex problem.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[33455] viXra:2001.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 07:26:36

Programmable Cells Nests

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Using DNA, small silica particles, and carbon nanotubes, researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have developed novel programmable nanocomposites that can be tailored to various applications and programmed to degrade quickly and gently. [37] Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have functionalized a simple rod-like building block with hydroxamic acids at both ends. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[33454] viXra:2001.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 09:14:22

An Analysis of the State-Transition Function of a Self-Reproducing Structure in Cellular Automata Space

Authors: Perry W Swanborough
Comments: 11 Pages.

A cellular automata structure described by J Byl (1989) self-replicates under a corresponding state-transition function. Subsequent work has established that replication of this and related structures given by other researchers is homochiral. This work describes a detailed analysis of the state-transition function for replication of J Byl’s structure, so the work serves as an Appendix to accompany the preceding work viXra:1904.0225.
Category: Physics of Biology

[33453] viXra:2001.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-18 09:23:20

On Various Ramanujan Formulas Applied to Some Sectors of String Theory (Open Strings) and Particle Physics: Further New Possible Mathematical Connections Iv.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 85 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed and deepened various Ramanujan expressions applied to some sectors of String Theory (open strings) and Particle Physics. We have therefore described further new possible mathematical connections.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[33452] viXra:2001.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 08:49:56

Piece by Piece - Electrochemical Synthesis of Individual Nanoparticles and their Performance in ORR Electrocatalysis

Authors: Mathies V. Evers, Miguel Bernal, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya, Kristina Tschulik
Comments: 9 Pages.

The impact of individual HAuCl4 nanoreactors is measured electrochemically, which provides operando insights and precise control over the modification of electrodes with functional nanoparticles of well-defined size. Uniformly sized micelles are loaded with a dissolved metal salt. These solution-phase precursor entities are then reduced electrochemically - one by one - to form nanoparticles (NPs). The charge transferred during the reduction of each micelle is measured individually and allows operando sizing of each of the formed nanoparticles. Thus, particles of known number and sizes can be deposited homogenously even on nonplanar electrodes. This is demonstrated for the decoration of cylindrical carbon fibre electrodes with 25 +/- 7 nm sized Au particles from HAuCl4-filled micelles. These Au NP-decorated electrodes show great catalyst performance for ORR (oxygen reduction reaction) already at low catalyst loadings. Hence, collisions of individual precursor-filled nanocontainers are presented as a new route to nanoparticle-modified electrodes with high catalyst utilization.
Category: Chemistry

[33451] viXra:2001.0337 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 08:58:33

Ab Initio Cyclic Voltammetry on Cu(111), Cu(100) and Cu(110) in Acidic, Neutral and Alkaline Solutions

Authors: Alexander Bagger, Rosa M. Arán-Ais, Joakim Halldin Stenlid, Egon Campos dos Santos, Logi Arnarson, Kim Degn Jensen, María Escudero-Escribano, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya, Jan Rossmeisl
Comments: Pages.

Electrochemical reactions depend on the electrochemical interface; between the catalytic surfaces and the electrolytes. To control and advance electrochemical reactions there is a need to develop realistic simulation models of the electrochemical interface to understand the interface from an atomistic point-of-view. Here we present a method for obtaining thermodynamic realistic interface structures, a procedure to derive specific coverages and to obtain ab initio simulated cyclic voltammograms. As a case study, the method and procedure is applied in a matrix study of three Cu facets in three different electrolyte. The results are validated by a direct comparison with experimental cyclic voltammograms. The alkaline (NaOH) electrolyte CV are described by H_ and OH_, while neutral (KHCO3) the CO_3 species are present and in acidic (KCl) the Cl_ species dominate. An almost one-to-one mapping is observed from simulation to experiments giving an atomistic understanding of the interface structure of the Cu facets. The strength of atomistic understanding the interface at electrolyte conditions will allow realistic investigations of electrochemical reactions in future studies.
Category: Chemistry

[33450] viXra:2001.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 09:47:29

Spin Currents for Advanced Electronic Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

Graphene-based van der Waals heterostructures could be used to design ultra-compact and low-energy electronic devices and magnetic memory devices, according to a study led by ICREA Prof. Sergio O. Valenzuela, head of the ICN2 Physics and Engineering of Nanodevices Group. [15] A new method that precisely measures the mysterious behavior and magnetic properties of electrons flowing across the surface of quantum materials could open a path to next-generation electronics. [14] The emerging field of spintronics aims to exploit the spin of the electron. [13] In a new study, researchers measure the spin properties of electronic states produced in singlet fission – a process which could have a central role in the future development of solar cells. [12]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33449] viXra:2001.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 10:47:27

Scalability of Next-Generation Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Nebraska engineers Peter and Eli Sutter have shown that the elemental condiment can spice up a nanomaterial sandwich by putting a literal twist on the multi-layered classic. [16] Graphene-based van der Waals heterostructures could be used to design ultra-compact and low-energy electronic devices and magnetic memory devices, according to a study led by ICREA Prof. Sergio O. Valenzuela, head of the ICN2 Physics and Engineering of Nanodevices Group. [15] A new method that precisely measures the mysterious behavior and magnetic properties of electrons flowing across the surface of quantum materials could open a path to next-generation electronics. [14]
Category: Condensed Matter

[33448] viXra:2001.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 11:03:39

Nanostructure for Structurally Colored Surfaces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Structural colors appear because the imprinted pattern on a surface changes the wavelengths of light. Chinese scientists have introduced an azopolymer that allows the imprinting of nanopatterns in a novel room-temperature lithographic process. [17] Nebraska engineers Peter and Eli Sutter have shown that the elemental condiment can spice up a nanomaterial sandwich by putting a literal twist on the multi-layered classic. [16] Graphene-based van der Waals heterostructures could be used to design ultra-compact and low-energy electronic devices and magnetic memory devices, according to a study led by ICREA Prof. Sergio O. Valenzuela, head of the ICN2 Physics and Engineering of Nanodevices Group. [15]
Category: Condensed Matter

[33447] viXra:2001.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 12:04:55

Force I. the One and Only Fundamental Interaction

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 4 Pages.

The world's first thought power meter is present. Its first result is that thought force with no electric field is able to change the current and voltage in an electric circuit . This result has conclusions. The most important is the following one: there is only one fundamental interaction, because every known interaction can be explained by one ultimate fundamental interaction called Force I of All. (Pronunciation: “Force the First”.) Force I is the interaction between space and matter. Thought force is one existing form of Force I and though force measured is the first evidence that Force I exists.
Category: Quantum Physics

[33446] viXra:2001.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 14:55:57

Stability of Ice Lenses in Saline Soils

Authors: S. S. L. Peppin
Comments: 20 Pages.

A model of the growth of an ice lens in a saline porous medium is developed. At high lens growth rates the pore fluid becomes supercooled relative to its equilibrium Clapeyron temperature. Instability occurs when the supercooling increases with distance away from the ice lens. Solute diffusion in the pore fluid significantly enhances the instability. An expression for the segregation potential of the soil is obtained from the condition for marginal stability of the ice lens. The model is applied to a clayey silt and a glass powder medium, indicating parameter regimes where the ice lens stability is controlled by viscous flow or by solute diffusion. A mushy layer, composed of vertical ice veins and horizontal ice lenses, forms in the soil in response to the instability. A marginal equilibrium condition is used to estimate the segregated ice fraction in the mushy layer as a function of the freezing rate and salinity.
Category: Geophysics

[33445] viXra:2001.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 15:00:32

Does The Observation Process Effect On The Observed Particle Nature?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

Empirical Data An Electron Or Subatomic Particle Behaves As A Particle And Not A Wave When It's Observed! Why? Because The Human Mind Realization Process Depends On (And Uses) The Light Velocity (0.3mkm/Sec) How Does The Observer Effect On The Observed Particle Nature? By Light Beam Produced By The Observer Mind Realization Process. Paper Idea Summary This paper tells a clear claim – that – Because our minds realization process depends on and uses the light velocity (0.3mkm/sec) in the human thinking process that causes the light velocity to be a contributor factor of every thing around us – simply – We See The Universe Through The Light Velocity Effect On Our Vision- That easily explains the equation E=mc2 – why any Mass Energy is defined relative to the light velocity?! Because the light velocity is found in our minds- that explains Why light velocity is constant in all frames Now Because our minds uses the light velocity (0.3mkm/sec), that enable our minds to produce light beams by the thinking process – this produced light beam can effect on any particle nature as the sun rays effect on all particles – This is the idea shortly– let's ask……"Is this idea truth?" This paper tries to prove… Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[33444] viXra:2001.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 22:15:42

A Theory for Gravitational Killing Cancer Cells, Lightning Mechanism and Anomalous Magnetism of Muon 2G

Authors: Reginald B. Little
Comments: 33 Pages.

The death of cancer cells under zero gravity or simulated zero gravity has an unknown cause. A prior theory of gravity by fractional, reversible fissing of matter and fusing of space to target is presented for explaining this mystery of gravitational killing of cancer cells. With this new theory a new math of divergent differentiations and divergent integrations are outlined to explain mysteries. By the mechanism given the variation in source gravity as computed by the new math can thereby explain effects on biology as the biology and chemistry have divergent differentiations and divergent integrations, which couple source of gravities and couple changing gravities to surrounding spaces and targets in surrounding spaces. Greater effects of gravities in nano-scales than molecular scales are reasoned as nano-sizes have mass effects and greater collectivity relative to molecular scales. The mechanism also postulates superluminosity of rare with slowing to luminous with denseness (space reversal) for explaining inertia, denseness and back and forth time reversal. The loss of inertia due to space reversal is reasoned! Mass to energy and vice versa dynamics are involved relativistically. By such new mechanics there are differences in denseness as the superlumes fiss to rare so surrounding rare can couple and the superluminous rare concentrates to slow so as to couple to dense. There are limits of such superluminosity as by the vast distances and the vast, composite, dense spaces of matter and the slowness (inertia). These new mechanics of composite matter/space manifest group dispersion (by new divergent calculus) as provided by hidden mechanics as by self-interacting self-deforming conformations to explain observable phase dispersed (older calculus). The observables are manifested by phase dispersions of matter and space as by new divergent calculus via constructive self interactions. The new math is contrasted with the Newtonian integrals and derivatives, which are more finite in actions and consequences whereas the divergent integrals and divergent differentiations are more infinities in actions and consequences. If dynamic infinity and count infinity, then the counting and mechanics can be as demonstrated here by many infinities or counter infinities.
Category: Physics of Biology

[33443] viXra:2001.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 02:54:09

Billions Quantum Entangled Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

In a new study, U.S. and Austrian physicists have observed quantum entanglement among "billions of billions" of flowing electrons in a quantum critical material. [36] Researchers at Technische Universität Darmstadt have recently demonstrated the defect-free assembly of versatile target patterns of up to 111 single-atom quantum systems. [35] Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have teleported a computer circuit instruction known as a quantum logic operation between two separated ions (electrically charged atoms), showcasing how quantum computer programs could carry out tasks in future large-scale quantum networks. [34] Scientists have developed a topological photonic chip to process quantum information, promising a more robust option for scalable quantum computers. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33442] viXra:2001.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 03:32:23

Measure Quantum Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Experimental physicists have combined several measurements of quantum materials into one in their ongoing quest to learn more about manipulating and controlling the behavior of them for possible applications. [30] These emerging magnetic properties suggest that the dots could, indeed, have potential in quantum computing as storage and processing devices. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33441] viXra:2001.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 03:43:51

Three Circle Chains Arising from Three Lines

Authors: Hiroshi Okumura
Comments: 7 Pages.

We generalize a problem in Wasan geometry involving a triangle and its incircle and get simple relationships between the three chains arising from three lines.
Category: Geometry

[33440] viXra:2001.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 04:01:55

Semiconductor Green Laser

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

Scientists and Engineers have used surface-emitting semiconductor lasers in data communications, for sensing, in FaceID and within augmented reality glasses. [40] A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg/Germany presents evidence of the amplification of optical phonons in a solid by intense terahertz laser pulses. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33439] viXra:2001.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 05:29:43

Nanoscalechip Detect Temperature

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Now, Joohyun Lee and Il Doh of the Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, in Daejeon, South Korea, have developed a tiny device that measures otherwise undetectable heat changes. [21] An international team of physicists, materials scientists, and mechanical engineers has confirmed the high thermal conductivity predicted in isotopically enriched cubic boron nitride, the researchers report in the advance electronic edition of the journal Science. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15] Pioneering research offers a fascinating view into the inner workings of the mind of 'Maxwell's Demon', a famous thought experiment in physics. [14] For more than a century and a half of physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy always increases, has been as close to inviolable as any law we know. In this universe, chaos reigns supreme. [13] Physicists have shown that the three main types of engines (four-stroke, twostroke, and continuous) are thermodynamically equivalent in a certain quantum regime, but not at the classical level. [12]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[33438] viXra:2001.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 05:47:47

Colloidal Quantum Dot Photodetectors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

In their experiment, the researchers used a technique to electronically dope the quantum dots robustly and permanently. [30] These emerging magnetic properties suggest that the dots could, indeed, have potential in quantum computing as storage and processing devices. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33437] viXra:2001.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 07:24:21

On Various Ramanujan Formulas Applied to Some Sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics: Further New Possible Mathematical Connections III.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 74 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed and deepened various Ramanujan expressions applied to some sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics. We have therefore described further new possible mathematical connections.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[33436] viXra:2001.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 07:32:26

Ontological Math-Physics Mirror Between Noether and Planck

Authors: Francis Maleval
Comments: 2 Pages.

A mirror built here, by virtue of an iterative process, a geometry from a conceptual object. This dynamic, served by the Noether’s theorem, generates the universal constants.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[33435] viXra:2001.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 08:02:31

Nano-Patterns Building Blocks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have functionalized a simple rod-like building block with hydroxamic acids at both ends. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34]
Category: Physics of Biology

[33434] viXra:2001.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-17 08:20:40

Quantum Detector Sensitivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

One of the open questions in quantum research is how heat and thermodynamics coexist with quantum physics. [39] But one lesser-known field is also starting to reap the benefits of the quantum realm-medicine. [38] A quantum squeezing and amplification technique has been used to measure the position of a trapped ion to subatomic precision. [37] A new theoretical model involves squeezing light to just the right amount to accurately transmit information using subatomic particles. [36] The standard approach to building a quantum computer with majoranas as building blocks is to convert them into qubits. However, a promising application of quantum computing-quantum chemistry-would require these qubits to be converted again into so-called fermions. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33433] viXra:2001.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 10:44:46

A EQUAÇÃO Das EQUAÇÕES. a Unificadora do Tudo. a SOLUÇÃO DE Absolutamente Tudo.

Authors: JosÊnio Dos Anjos
Comments: 1 Page. Pus a mão no caldeirão de Deus e ainda O espiei apertar o interruptor de luz

Um carro da Teoria Geral da Relatividade viaja a 100km/h para percorrer 100km. quando chega lá, verifica-se que ele percorreu 109km em 1h. Pergunta: de onde vem a energia extra para ter aumentado esse percurso? Problema pior, ele foi sem nenhum combustível no tanque. Solução. foi a caminho que está se esticando. o carro esta estacionário. se der partida, sua ultima gota de gasolina explode. E como o caminho se esticou em ambos os lados em velocidade constante de 100km/h, a impressão que temos é que ele viajou uns kms extras. Solucionado o mistério da Energia Escura e de tudo, absolutamente tudo. As outras questões estão em outro artigo. Qualquer teoria utilizando a equação aqui postulada, tem que ser expressamente autorizada pelo autor.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33432] viXra:2001.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 10:59:06

Deep Learning Real-Time Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Researchers have harnessed the power of a type of artificial intelligence known as deep learning to create a new laser-based system that can image around corners in real time. [28] A team of scientists at Freie Universität Berlin has developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) method that provides a fundamentally new solution of the "sampling problem" in statistical physics. [27] Deep learning, which uses multi-layered artificial neural networks, is a form of machine learning that has demonstrated significant advances in many fields, including natural language processing, image/video labeling and captioning. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[33431] viXra:2001.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 11:26:31

Single Molecule Force Spectroscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

As researchers develop clever approaches to achieve that goal, this subject alone could be a theme of another exciting symposium." [41] A team at Osaka University has created single-molecule nanowires, complete with an insulation layer, up to 10 nanometers in length. [40] Using optical and electrical measurements, a two-dimensional anisotropic crystal of rhenium disulfide was found to show opposite piezoresistant effects along two principle axes, i.e. positive along one axis and negative along another. [39] A team of researchers from the University of Konstanz has demonstrated a new aqueous polymerization procedure for generating polymer nanoparticles with a single chain and uniform shape, which, by contrast to previous methods, involves high particle concentrations. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33430] viXra:2001.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 11:43:12

Crystals with Ultrahigh Piezoelectricity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Now, an international team of researchers say that cycles of AC fields also make the internal crystal domains in some materials bigger and the crystal transparent. [33] The presence of helical modes allowed them to form a new quantum device from a topological crystalline insulator known as a helical nanorod with quantized longitudinal conductance. [32] Now, researchers at MIT along with colleagues in Boston, Singapore, and Taiwan have conducted a theoretical analysis to reveal several more previously unidentified topological properties of bismuth. [31] At the heart of his field of nonlinear optics are devices that change light from one color to another-a process important for many technologies within telecommunications, computing and laser-based equipment and science. [30] Researchers from Siberian Federal University and Kirensky Institute of Physics have proposed a new design for a multimode stripline resonator. [29] In addition to helping resolve many of the technical challenges of non-line-of-sight imaging, the technology, Velten notes, can be made to be both inexpensive and compact, meaning real-world applications are just a matter of time. [28] Researchers in the Department of Physics of ETH Zurich have measured how electrons in so-called transition metals get redistributed within a fraction of an optical oscillation cycle. [27] Insights from quantum physics have allowed engineers to incorporate components used in circuit boards, optical fibers, and control systems in new applications ranging from smartphones to advanced microprocessors. [26] In a paper published August 1, 2019 as an Editors' Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters, scientists at JQI and Michigan State University suggest that certain materials may experience a spontaneous twisting force if they are hotter than their surroundings. [25] The technology could allow for new capabilities in quantum computing, including modems that link together many quantum computers at different locations. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[33429] viXra:2001.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 12:35:06

Self-Organized Quantum Criticality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Writing in Nature, researchers describe the first-time observation of 'self-organized criticality' in a controlled laboratory experiment. [32] A potential revolution in device engineering could be underway, thanks to the discovery of functional electronic interfaces in quantum materials that can self-assemble spontaneously. [31] Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson. [30] Electrons in graphene-an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike-move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33428] viXra:2001.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 12:35:50

The Liberator

Authors: Mesut KAVAK
Comments: 69 Pages.

Laws and Loves
Category: Social Science

[33427] viXra:2001.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 15:26:10

The Physics of Subatomic Particles and their Behavior Modeled with Classical Laws

Authors: Jeff Yee, Lori Gardi
Comments: 19 pages

Using the physics of sound waves as a foundation, subatomic particles and their behaviors are modeled with classical mechanics to calculate the Planck energy, the electron’s energy and the energy levels of the first two atoms: hydrogen and helium. Five different methods are used to calculate energies, including spring-mass systems and wave systems, and all five are found to be equal in their calculations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[33426] viXra:2001.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 16:40:02

The Nonlinear Electromagnetic Spectrum Frequency Scale

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 2 Pages.

Electromagnetic geophysical studies have been using very low electromagnetic frequencies, below 1 Hz, transmitters and receivers for several decades. The devices that produce these frequencies are referred to as magnetotelluric transmitters and receivers. The frequencies for these devices are being identified by using a decimal notation, 0.1, 0.01, 0.001, 0.0001, 0.00001 Hz and below. Accepting frequency designations as tens divisions of one reveals that the current EM frequency scale is nonlinear. All contemporary physical law equations that contain frequency as a value, directly or indirectly, are based upon the assumption that the EM frequency scale is linear.
Category: Classical Physics

[33425] viXra:2001.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 17:12:53

On Some New Notions in Nano Ideal Topological Spaces

Authors: M. Parimala, Saeid Jafari
Comments: 9 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to introduce the notion of nano ideal topological spaces and investigate the relation between nano topological space and nano ideal topological space. Moreover, we offer some new open and closed sets in the context of nano ideal topological spaces and present some of their basic properties and characterizations.
Category: Topology

[33424] viXra:2001.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 02:06:34

A New Scientific Discovery

Authors: Yahya A.Sharif
Comments: 2 Pages.

Our muscles lift our bodies very effortlessly so,I can lift up my massive 60 kg body with only my weak calf muscles when trying to pick a fruit on a tree
Category: Classical Physics

[33423] viXra:2001.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 03:00:28

Twin Primes Conjecture

Authors: Nikos Mantzakouras
Comments: 7 Pages.

Twin prime conjecture, also known as Polignac’s conjecture, in number theory, assertion that there are infinitely many twin primes, or pairs of primes that differ by 2. The first statement of the twin prime conjecture was given in 1846 by French mathematician Alphonse de Polignac, who wrote that any even number can be expressed in infinite ways as the difference between two consecutive primes
Category: Number Theory

[33422] viXra:2001.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 04:17:31

On Improper Integrals

Authors: Anamitra Palit
Comments: 4 Pages.

The writing intends to point out aspects of conflict regarding some standard improper integrals
Category: Quantum Physics

[33421] viXra:2001.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 04:43:35

Rhind Papyrus Problem no 48 Squaring a Circle in 4-D Spacetime

Authors: Manfred U.E. Pohl
Comments: 3 Pages.

The ToE Framework that unites quantum theory with gravitation „Solution to the Problem of Time“ [1] is based on the Solution of the Black-Hole Information Paradox, namely the squaring of a circle (π) in space-time. It is well known how to “square” a circle over an additional dimension, as shown in „Solution to the Problem of Time“ II +III [2]. In addition to the Essay “It takes a Decision to Decide if Decidability is True or False” [3] (concering Gödels incompleteness and impossibility of Hilbert’s Programm) it is shown here the Solution to the Problem No. 48 in the Rhind-Papyrus. Keywords: Pi, God, Unified Principle, Gödel’s Incompleteness, Foundation of Mathematics, TOE.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[33420] viXra:2001.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 06:12:49

Microworld_59. Unsolved Problems of Physics_ 19 Xxix. Binding Energies of Ethereal Vortex-Like Structures of Electron, Neutron, Proton and the Role of Magnetism

Authors: N.N. Leonov
Comments: 14 Pages. English and russian texts

The first approximate estimates of binding energies of ethereal vortex-like structures of electrons, neutrons and protons are obtained.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[33419] viXra:2001.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 06:51:25

On Some Ramanujan Functions Applied to Various Sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics: New Possible Mathematical Connections II.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 68 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed and deepened various Ramanujan functions applied to some sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics. We have therefore described further new possible mathematical connections.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[33418] viXra:2001.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 07:26:48

Dark Matter Temperature Taking

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Physicists at the University of California, Davis are taking the temperature of dark matter, the mysterious substance that makes up about a quarter of our universe. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[33417] viXra:2001.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 07:48:18

Quantum Dots Spinning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

These emerging magnetic properties suggest that the dots could, indeed, have potential in quantum computing as storage and processing devices. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been "squeezed" to a record low. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33416] viXra:2001.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 08:13:17

Semiconductor Neutron Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers at Northwestern University and Argonne National Laboratory have developed a new material that opens doors for a new class of neutron detectors. [33] Transistors are tiny switches that form the bedrock of modern computing; billions of them route electrical signals around inside a smartphone, for instance. Quantum computers will need analogous hardware to manipulate quantum information. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[33415] viXra:2001.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 08:28:28

Diabolical Quantum Emitters

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Diabolical points (DPs) introduce ways to study topological phase and peculiar energy dispersion. Scientists in China and partners from the United Kingdom demonstrated DPs in strongly coupled active microdisks. [30] These emerging magnetic properties suggest that the dots could, indeed, have potential in quantum computing as storage and processing devices. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33414] viXra:2001.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 08:39:27

Topological Crystalline Insulators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

The presence of helical modes allowed them to form a new quantum device from a topological crystalline insulator known as a helical nanorod with quantized longitudinal conductance. [32] Now, researchers at MIT along with colleagues in Boston, Singapore, and Taiwan have conducted a theoretical analysis to reveal several more previously unidentified topological properties of bismuth. [31] At the heart of his field of nonlinear optics are devices that change light from one color to another-a process important for many technologies within telecommunications, computing and laser-based equipment and science. [30] Researchers from Siberian Federal University and Kirensky Institute of Physics have proposed a new design for a multimode stripline resonator. [29] In addition to helping resolve many of the technical challenges of non-line-of-sight imaging, the technology, Velten notes, can be made to be both inexpensive and compact, meaning real-world applications are just a matter of time. [28] Researchers in the Department of Physics of ETH Zurich have measured how electrons in so-called transition metals get redistributed within a fraction of an optical oscillation cycle. [27] Insights from quantum physics have allowed engineers to incorporate components used in circuit boards, optical fibers, and control systems in new applications ranging from smartphones to advanced microprocessors. [26] In a paper published August 1, 2019 as an Editors' Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters, scientists at JQI and Michigan State University suggest that certain materials may experience a spontaneous twisting force if they are hotter than their surroundings. [25] The technology could allow for new capabilities in quantum computing, including modems that link together many quantum computers at different locations. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[33413] viXra:2001.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 09:19:51

Proof that there Are no Odd Perfect Numbers

Authors: Kouji Takaki
Comments: 12 Pages.

We have obtained the conclusion that there are no odd perfect numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[33412] viXra:2001.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 10:14:38

Representing Basic Physical Fields by Quaternionic Fields

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 31 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Basic physical fields are dynamic fields like our universe and the fields that are raised by electric charges. These fields are dynamic continuums. Most physical theories treat these fields by applying gravitational theories or by Maxwell equations. Mathematically these fields can be represented by quaternionic fields. Dedicated normal operators in quaternionic non-separable Hilbert spaces can represent these quaternionic fields in their continuum eigenspaces. Quaternionic functions can describe these fields. Quaternionic differential and integral calculus can describe the behavior of these fields and the interaction of these fields with countable sets of quaternions. All quaternionic fields obey the same quaternionic function theory. The basic fields differ in their start and boundary conditions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[33411] viXra:2001.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-16 10:14:00

AlphaZero Rule the Quantum World

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

The chess world was amazed when the computer algorithm AlphaZero learned, after just four hours on its own, to beat the best chess programs built on human expertise. Now a research group at Aarhus University in Denmark has used the very same algorithm to control a quantum computer. [39] Researchers have discovered that input-output maps, which are widely used throughout science and engineering to model systems ranging from physics to finance, are strongly biased toward producing simple outputs. [38] A QEG team has provided unprecedented visibility into the spread of information in large quantum mechanical systems, via a novel measurement methodology and metric described in a new article in Physics Review Letters. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33410] viXra:2001.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 08:31:54

Verifying Quantum Computers Output

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 94 Pages.

A team of researchers from the University of Innsbruck and the Austrian Academy of Sciences has developed a way to verify the output from one quantum computer by comparing it to the output of another quantum computer. [57] A new test to check if a quantum computer is giving correct answers to questions beyond the scope of traditional computing could help the first quantum computer that can outperform a classical computer to be realized. [56] In quantum computing, as in team building, a little diversity can help get the job done better, computer scientists have discovered. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[33409] viXra:2001.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 09:02:31

Coder-Decoder for Open Science Data

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I thought a method to preserve our scientific and cultural knowledge for future generations
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[33408] viXra:2001.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 09:06:23

Crack in Universal Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

The concept of universal physics is intriguing, as it enables researchers to relate physical phenomena in a variety of systems, irrespective of their varying characteristics and complexities. [50] Stephen Wilson, a professor of materials in UC Santa Barbara's College of Engineering, works in that "long before" realm, seeking to create new materials that exhibit desirable new states. [49] A phenomenon that is well known from chaos theory was observed in a material for the first time ever, by scientists from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. [48] Plasmonic nanostructures have been widely used for enhancing light-matter interactions due to the strong local field enhancement in deep subwavelength volumes. [47]
Category: Astrophysics

[33407] viXra:2001.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 09:43:04

Post-Moore Brain-Inspired Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

In their paper published this week in Applied Physics Reviews authors Jack Kendall, of Rain Neuromorphics, and Suhas Kumar, of Hewlett Packard Labs, present a thorough examination of the computing landscape, focusing on the operational functions needed to advance brain-inspired neuromorphic computing. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33406] viXra:2001.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 10:19:28

Galactic Birthplace High-Energy Particles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Nine sources of extremely high-energy gamma rays comprise a new catalog compiled by researchers with the High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory. [33] For almost 10 years, astronomers have been studying a mysterious diffuse radiation coming from the centre of our galaxy. [32] Deep beneath a mountain in the Apennine range in Italy, an intricate apparatus searches for the dark matter of the universe. [31] A Multiverse-where our Universe is only one of many-might not be as inhospitable to life as previously thought, according to new research. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[33405] viXra:2001.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 11:39:19

On Various Ramanujan Formulas Applied to Some Sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics: Further New Possible Mathematical Connections.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 98 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed and deepened various Ramanujan expressions applied to some sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics. We have therefore described further new possible mathematical connections.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[33404] viXra:2001.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 13:18:40

Preopen Sets in Ideal Generalized Topological Spaces

Authors: M. Caldas, M. Ganster, Saeid Jafari, T. Noiri, V. Popa, N. Rajesh
Comments: 11 Pages.

The aim of this paper is to introduce and characterize the concepts of preopen sets and their related notions in ideal generalized topological spaces.
Category: Topology

[33403] viXra:2001.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 13:24:57

On I-Open Sets and I-Continuous Functions in Ideal Bitopological Spaces

Authors: M. Caldas, Saeid Jafari, N. Rajesh, F. Smarandache
Comments: 12 Pages.

The aim of this paper is to introduce and character- ize the concepts of I-open sets and their related notions in ideal bitopological spaces.
Category: Topology

[33402] viXra:2001.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 13:30:32

Separation Axioms in Ideal Bitopological Spaces

Authors: M. Caldas, Saeid Jafari, V. Popa, N. Rajesh
Comments: 10 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to introduce and study the notions $I-R_0$, $I-R_1$, $I-T_0$, $I-T_1$ and $I-T_2$ in ideal bitopological space.
Category: Topology

[33401] viXra:2001.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 13:36:07

Properties of $\alpha$-Open Sets in Ideal Minimal Spaces

Authors: M. Caldas, M. Ganster, Saeid Jafari, T. Noiri, N. Rajesh
Comments: 17 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to introduce and characterize the concept of $\alpha$-open set and several related notions in ideal minimal spaces.
Category: Topology

[33400] viXra:2001.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 13:39:34

Properties of $\beta$-Open Sets in Ideal Minimal Spaces

Authors: Saeid Jafari, T. Noiri, N. Rajesh, R. Saranya
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce and study the class of $\beta$-open sets and other related classes of notions in ideal minimal spaces.
Category: Topology

[33399] viXra:2001.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 13:43:48

On Upper and Lower Slightly $\delta$-$\beta$-Continuous Multifunctions

Authors: Saeid Jafari, N. Rajesh
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce and study upper and lower slightly $\delta$-$\beta$- continuous multifunctions in topological spaces and obtain some characterizations of these new continuous multifunctions.
Category: Topology

[33398] viXra:2001.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 13:47:34

Properties of Ideal Bitopological $\alpha$-Open Sets

Authors: A. I. El-Maghrabi, M. Caldas, Saeid JAFARI, R. M. Latif, A. Nasef, N. Rajesh, S. Shanthi
Comments: 19 Pages.

The aim of this paper is to introduced and character- ized the concepts of $\alpha$-open sets and their related notions in ideal bitopological spaces.
Category: Topology

[33397] viXra:2001.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 13:53:33

On New Separation Axioms in Bitopological Spaces

Authors: N. Rajesh, E. Ekici, Saeid Jafari
Comments: 9 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to introduce the notions $\¨g-R_0$, $\¨g-R_1$, $\¨g-T_0$, $\¨g-T_1$ and \¨g-T_2$ in bitopological space.
Category: Topology

[33396] viXra:2001.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 13:55:44

On qi-Open Sets in Ideal Bitopological Spaces

Authors: Saeid Jafari, N. Rajesh
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce and study the concept of qI-open set. Based on this new concept, we dene new classes of functions, namely qI-continuous functions, qI-open functions and qI- closed functions, for which we prove characterization theorems.
Category: Topology

[33395] viXra:2001.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 13:58:00

Semiopen Sets in Ideal Bitopological Spaces

Authors: M. Caldas, Saeid Jafari, N. Rajesh
Comments: 16 Pages.

The aim of this paper is to introduced and charac- terized the concepts of semiopen sets and their related notions in ideal bitopological spaces.
Category: Topology

[33394] viXra:2001.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 14:04:05

Some Remarks on Low Separation Axioms Via id-Sets

Authors: Saeid Jafari, S. Shanthi, N. Rajesh
Comments: 5 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to introduce some new classes of ideal topological spaces by utilizing I-open sets and study some of their fundamental properties.
Category: Topology

[33393] viXra:2001.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 14:07:02

Some Fundamental Properties of $\beta$-Open Sets in Ideal Bitopological Spaces

Authors: M. Caldas, Saeid Jafari, N. Rajesh
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper we introduce and characterize the concepts of $\beta$-open sets and their related notions in ideal bitopological spaces.
Category: Topology

[33392] viXra:2001.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 14:11:39

Semiopen Sets in Ideal Minimal Spaces

Authors: Saeid Jafari, N. Rajesh, R. Saranya
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this paper, we present and study the concepts of semiopen sets and their related notions in ideal minimal spaces.
Category: Topology

[33391] viXra:2001.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 15:01:22

Challenges of Gbagyi Unity In Nigeria

Authors: ssor M.B Nuhu
Comments: 4 Pages.

“Gbagyi Unity” is the oxymoron of Gbagyi nation. The subject of this discourse is reasonably a prickly one. For this, I initially became nervous, to a state of incomprehension, as I pondered over the likely motivation of the conveners of this meeting. During my consideration of this highly engaging intention, I skated into a quicksand. Even though it was quite easy for me to read the orifices of the conveners as I can attest to their patriotic experiences on issues that pertains Gbagyi, I could not afford being unmindful of conflicting comebacks such a discourse can provoke the audience.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[33390] viXra:2001.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 15:02:55

Recent Advances in Meth8/VŁ4, a Modal Model Checker for Universal Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2020 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Disqus comments are ignored, so don't bother. See ersatz-systems.com

We evaluate 738 artifacts in 3860 assertions to confirm 557 as tautology and 3303 as not (85.6%) in 1258 draft pages.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[33389] viXra:2001.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 21:28:20

On I-Open Sets and I-Continuous Functions in Ideal Minimal Spaces

Authors: Saeid Jafari, T. Noiri, N. Rajesh
Comments: 9 Pages.

The aim of this paper is to introduce and characterize the concepts of I-open sets and their related notions in ideal minimal spaces.
Category: Topology

[33388] viXra:2001.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 21:27:47

Refutation of Probabilistic Reasoning Across the Causal Hierarchy

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2020 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Disqus comments are ignored, so don't bother. See ersatz-systems.com

We evaluate equations for axioms, propositions, and theorems as not tautologous. The last as P([X∧Z]Y|[X∧Z]W)≡P([X]Y|[X]W) is the briefest refutation of the conjecture of probabilistic reasoning across the causal hierarchy. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[33387] viXra:2001.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 23:53:47

Rigorous Proofs for Riemann Hypothesis, Polignac's and Twin Prime Conjectures in 2020

Authors: John Yuk Ching Ting
Comments: 50 Pages. Contains Rigorous Proofs for Riemann Hypothesis (and Explanations for two types of Gram points), Polignac's and Twin Prime Conjectures.

Mathematics for Incompletely Predictable Problems is associated with Incompletely Predictable problems containing Incompletely Predictable entities. Nontrivial zeros and two types of Gram points in Riemann zeta function (or its proxy Dirichlet eta function) together with prime and composite numbers from Sieve of Eratosthenes are Incompletely Predictable entities. Correct and complete mathematical arguments for first key step of converting this function into its continuous format version, and second key step of applying Information-Complexity conservation to this Sieve result in direct spin-offs from first key step consisting of proving Riemann hypothesis (and explaining two types of Gram points), and second key step consisting of proving Polignac's and Twin prime conjectures.
Category: Number Theory

[33386] viXra:2001.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 02:11:14

Nanoparticles Enter Tumors Through Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Researchers from U of T Engineering have discovered that an active, rather than passive, process dictates which nanoparticles enter solid tumors. [23] Researchers at Oregon State University have developed an improved technique for using magnetic nanoclusters to kill hard-to-reach tumors. [22] MIT researchers have now come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis from occurring, by incorporating a crystallized immunosuppressant drug into devices. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18] The DNA molecules are chiral, which means they can exist in two forms which are mirror images, like a left and right hand. The phenomenon was dubbed "chiral induced spin selectivity" (CISS), and over the last few years, several experiments were published allegedly showing this CISS effect, even in electronic devices. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14]
Category: Physics of Biology

[33385] viXra:2001.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 02:21:09

Einstein Mass–energy Equivalence Equation E=mc^2 is Wrong Because Does not Contains Dark Matter

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 486 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

Einstein mass–energy equivalence equation E=mc^2 is wrong because does not contains Dark Matter Einstein in 1905 did not formulate exactly the equation E=mc^2 but he said: ’if a body gives off the energy L in the form of radiation, its mass diminishes by L/c^2’. Thus means for Einstein the inertial mass of an object changes if the object absorbs or emits energy. “We do not see Dark Matter energy because at light speed the Dark Matter electron energy is not released” ‘The Ferent factor is the Lorentz factor where the speed of the photon is replaced by the Dark photon speed” “Ferent’s Dark Matter mass-energy equivalence equation: E = md × vp^2” “The electron energy is the sum of the photon energy and the Dark Matter electron energy” “The particle energy E, is the sum of Matter energy and Dark Matter energy: E = Em + Edm” ”Ferent’s mass–energy equivalence equation: E=mc^2 + md × vp^2 “ “We do not see Dark Matter energy because at light speed the Dark Matter energy is not released”
Category: Quantum Physics

[33384] viXra:2001.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 02:42:13

Democratize Nanopore Research

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Now a team of researchers at the University of Ottawa is democratizing entry into the field of nanopore research by offering up a unique tool to accelerate the development of new applications and discoveries. [24] Researchers from U of T Engineering have discovered that an active, rather than passive, process dictates which nanoparticles enter solid tumors. [23] Researchers at Oregon State University have developed an improved technique for using magnetic nanoclusters to kill hard-to-reach tumors. [22] MIT researchers have now come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis from occurring, by incorporating a crystallized immunosuppressant drug into devices. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18] The DNA molecules are chiral, which means they can exist in two forms which are mirror images, like a left and right hand. The phenomenon was dubbed "chiral induced spin selectivity" (CISS), and over the last few years, several experiments were published allegedly showing this CISS effect, even in electronic devices. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Condensed Matter

[33383] viXra:2001.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 03:02:00

Sensitive Torque Measuring Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A team of physicists at Purdue University has built the most sensitive torque measuring device ever. In their paper published in the journal Nature Nanotechnology, the team describes their new device and outline how it might be used. [25] Now a team of researchers at the University of Ottawa is democratizing entry into the field of nanopore research by offering up a unique tool to accelerate the development of new applications and discoveries. [24] Researchers from U of T Engineering have discovered that an active, rather than passive, process dictates which nanoparticles enter solid tumors. [23] Researchers at Oregon State University have developed an improved technique for using magnetic nanoclusters to kill hard-to-reach tumors. [22] MIT researchers have now come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis from occurring, by incorporating a crystallized immunosuppressant drug into devices. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18] The DNA molecules are chiral, which means they can exist in two forms which are mirror images, like a left and right hand. The phenomenon was dubbed "chiral induced spin selectivity" (CISS), and over the last few years, several experiments were published allegedly showing this CISS effect, even in electronic devices. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16]
Category: Condensed Matter

[33382] viXra:2001.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 03:18:07

Treatments for Obesity and Diabetes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Engineered ingestible molecular traps created from mesoporous silica particles (MSPs) introduced to the gut can have an effect on food efficiency and metabolic risk factors. [24] Researchers from U of T Engineering have discovered that an active, rather than passive, process dictates which nanoparticles enter solid tumors. [23] Researchers at Oregon State University have developed an improved technique for using magnetic nanoclusters to kill hard-to-reach tumors. [22] MIT researchers have now come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis from occurring, by incorporating a crystallized immunosuppressant drug into devices. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18] The DNA molecules are chiral, which means they can exist in two forms which are mirror images, like a left and right hand. The phenomenon was dubbed "chiral induced spin selectivity" (CISS), and over the last few years, several experiments were published allegedly showing this CISS effect, even in electronic devices. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Physics of Biology

[33381] viXra:2001.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 03:35:14

Ordered Nanostructures in 3-D

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Scientists have developed a platform for assembling nanosized material components, or "nano-objects," of very different types—inorganic or organic—into desired 3-D structures. [26] A team of physicists at Purdue University has built the most sensitive torque measuring device ever. In their paper published in the journal Nature Nanotechnology, the team describes their new device and outline how it might be used. [25] Now a team of researchers at the University of Ottawa is democratizing entry into the field of nanopore research by offering up a unique tool to accelerate the development of new applications and discoveries. [24] Researchers from U of T Engineering have discovered that an active, rather than passive, process dictates which nanoparticles enter solid tumors. [23] Researchers at Oregon State University have developed an improved technique for using magnetic nanoclusters to kill hard-to-reach tumors. [22] MIT researchers have now come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis from occurring, by incorporating a crystallized immunosuppressant drug into devices. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18]
Category: Condensed Matter

[33380] viXra:2001.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 05:50:56

Refutation of the Godlike Computer: Benzmüller’s Nightmare

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2020 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Disqus comments are ignored, so don't bother. See ersatz-systems.com

We evaluate the claimed definition of “positive properties” for God which is not tautologous and refutes the conjecture that a supreme being necessarily exists by computer proof. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[33379] viXra:2001.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 06:53:40

Proof of Golbach's Conjecture

Authors: Nikos Mantzakouras
Comments: 8 Pages.

Every even integer > 2 is the sum of two prime numbers & equivalent Each odd integer > 5 is the sum of three prime numbers USING THE SIEVE OF ERATOSTHENES.
Category: Number Theory

[33378] viXra:2001.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 06:58:20

A Toroidal or Disk-Like Zitterbewegung Electron?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 8 Pages.

We present Oliver Consa’s classical calculations of the anomalous magnetic moment of an electron, pointing out some of what we perceive to be weaker arguments, and adding comments and questions with a view to possibly arrive at a more elegant approach to the problem on hand in the future.
Category: Quantum Physics

[33377] viXra:2001.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 08:03:04

Quantum Dot Laser Diodes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Los Alamos scientists have incorporated meticulously engineered colloidal quantum dots into a new type of light emitting diodes (LEDs) containing an integrated optical resonator, which allows them to function as lasers. [31] Tiny, easy-to-produce particles, called quantum dots, may soon take the place of more expensive single crystal semiconductors in advanced electronics found in solar panels, camera sensors and medical imaging tools. [30] North Carolina State University researchers have developed a microfluidic system for synthesizing perovskite quantum dots across the entire spectrum of visible light. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33376] viXra:2001.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-15 08:09:45

Algorithms Related to the Three Typologies with Constant Angular Step (C) and Manageable (A) (L) and (Pc) Parameters.

Authors: Dante Servi
Comments: 8 Pages.

Description of the algorithms related to the three typologies with constant angular step (C) and manageable (A) (L) and (Pc) parameters, provided for in the list on the sheet 8/14 (and described below) of my article "How and why to use my graphic method" published on viXra.org in the geometry group at number 1910.0620 rev.(v4). To find all my articles on this subject grouped in a single page, starting from the last published, just click on author's name: Dante Servi.
Category: Geometry

[33375] viXra:2001.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 10:22:04

Connecting Dots on Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

They found that this light is brighter in regions that contain a lot of matter and dimmer where matter is sparser-a correlation that could help them narrow down the properties of exotic astrophysical objects and invisible dark matter. [28] The CASPEr team is developing special nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques, each targeted at a specific frequency range and therefore at a specific range of dark-matter particle masses. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[33374] viXra:2001.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 10:39:29

High Thermal Conductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

An international team of physicists, materials scientists, and mechanical engineers has confirmed the high thermal conductivity predicted in isotopically enriched cubic boron nitride, the researchers report in the advance electronic edition of the journal Science. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[33373] viXra:2001.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 10:44:12

A Model for Matter-Antimatter Asymmetry

Authors: Risto Raitio
Comments: 8 Pages.

A previous preon scenario based on unbroken global supersymmetry is developed further to provide a natural physical reason for the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry. A tentative mechanism for asymmetric genesis of matter in early cosmology is proposed. With global supersymmetry made local the scenario can be extended to supergravity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33372] viXra:2001.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 11:41:44

Extremely Fast Quantum Calculations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Transistors based on germanium can perform calculations for future quantum computers. This discovery by the team of Menno Veldhorst is reported in Nature. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33371] viXra:2001.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 12:02:52

Quantum Loop Communication Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Scientists from Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago launched a new testbed for quantum communication experiments from Argonne last week. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39] Research in the quantum optics lab of Prof. Barak Dayan in the Weizmann Institute of Science may be bringing the development of such computers one step closer by providing the "quantum gates" that are required for communication within and between such quantum computers. [38] Calculations of a quantum system's behavior can spiral out of control when they involve more than a handful of particles. [37] Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have reached a new milestone on the way to optical computing, or the use of light instead of electricity for computing. [36] The key technical novelty of this work is the creation of semantic embeddings out of structured event data. [35] The researchers have focussed on a complex quantum property known as entanglement, which is a vital ingredient in the quest to protect sensitive data. [34] Cryptography is a science of data encryption providing its confidentiality and integrity. [33] Researchers at the University of Sheffield have solved a key puzzle in quantum physics that could help to make data transfer totally secure. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33370] viXra:2001.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 12:28:33

On Some Ramanujan Equations Concerning the Continued Fractions. Further Possible Mathematical Connections with Some Parameters of Particle Physics and Cosmology Vi.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 115 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed and deepened some equations concerning the Ramanujan continued fractions. We have described further possible mathematical connections with some parameters of Particle Physics and Cosmology.
Category: Number Theory

[33369] viXra:2001.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 12:44:09

Quantum Chips Computing Correctly

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

In a step toward practical quantum computing, researchers from MIT, Google, and elsewhere have designed a system that can verify when quantum chips have accurately performed complex computations that classical computers can't. [41] Researchers at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed a quantum communication chip that is 1,000 times smaller than current quantum setups, but offers the same superior security quantum technology is known for. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39] Research in the quantum optics lab of Prof. Barak Dayan in the Weizmann Institute of Science may be bringing the development of such computers one step closer by providing the "quantum gates" that are required for communication within and between such quantum computers. [38] Calculations of a quantum system's behavior can spiral out of control when they involve more than a handful of particles. [37] Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have reached a new milestone on the way to optical computing, or the use of light instead of electricity for computing. [36] The key technical novelty of this work is the creation of semantic embeddings out of structured event data. [35] The researchers have focussed on a complex quantum property known as entanglement, which is a vital ingredient in the quest to protect sensitive data. [34] Cryptography is a science of data encryption providing its confidentiality and integrity. [33] Researchers at the University of Sheffield have solved a key puzzle in quantum physics that could help to make data transfer totally secure. [32]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33368] viXra:2001.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 13:03:56

Proof of the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Nikos Mantzakouras
Comments: 20 Pages. In International Conference From Nina Ringo on Mathematics and Mechanics 16 May 2018

Abstract: The Riemann zeta function is one of the most Euler’s important and fascinating functions in mathematics. By analyzing the material of Riemann’s conjecture, we divide our analysis in the ζ(z) function and in the proof of the conjecture, which has very important consequences on the distribution of prime numbers. The proof of the Hypothesis of Riemann result from the simple logic, that when two properties are associated, (the resulting equations that based in two Functional equations of Riemann ), if zero these equations, ie ζ(z) = ζ (1-z)= 0 and simultaneously they to have the proved property 1-1 of the Riemann function ζ(z).Thus, there is not margin for to non exist the Re (z) = 1/2 {because ζ (z) = ζ (1-z)=0 and also ζ(z) as and ζ(1-z) are 1-1}.This, as it stands, will gives the direction of all the non-trivial roots to be all in on the critical line, with a value in the real axis equal 1/2.
Category: Number Theory

[33367] viXra:2001.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 13:24:44

Teoria y. a Teoria Unificadora do Tudo..

Authors: Dos Anjos, Josênio
Comments: 10 Pages. 10 pag. Este artigo científico está escrito em português.

TEORIA Y. A TEORIA UNIFICADORA DO TUDO. A Diferença de potencial da Energia-Espaço-Tempo e suas reações. As absurdamente fantásticas simplificação dos maiores mistérios da humanidade, muitas consideradas insolúveis até agora, com seus inúmeros e complexos cálculos matemáticos, que chegam a beirar a loucura sem explicar quase nada, aqui, revelados e explicados de maneira tão simples. Da revelação da sopa de Deus, ao acionamento do interruptor da luz. O que é a luz, ou uma onda eletromagnética? É uma diferença de potencial, ou seja, uma energia acumulada. Mas ao contrário do que a ciência postula, ela não viaja a 299 792 458 m/s, ela está estacionária. Pasmem, isso mesmo! O que se move a 299 792 458 m/s é a energia-espaço-tempo. Ou seja, a luz é um risco fixo num disco vinílico 3D rodando. Quem roda é o disco, não o risco. Partindo desta descoberta, todos os mistérios da astrofísica da quântica à Teoria Geral da Relatividade serão desvendadas.
Category: Astrophysics

[33366] viXra:2001.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 13:02:24

Complex Problems at Speed of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Many of the most challenging optimization problems encountered in various disciplines of science and engineering, from biology and drug discovery to routing and scheduling can be reduced to NP-complete problems. [28] AMOLF researchers and their collaborators from the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC/CUNY) in New York have created a nanostructured surface capable of performing on-the-fly mathematical operations on an input image. [27] Narimanov has gone a step further in abstracting the imaging process by only considering information transfer, independently of how that information is encoded. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33365] viXra:2001.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 18:09:21

The Research of Using Truth to Restrict Authoritative Theories (In Chinese)

Authors: Ding Jian
Comments: 8 Pages.

First to put forth an argument, truth must have absoluteness and immutability, and does not exist in reality. Then, according to whether it does exist in reality to distinguish different definition domains, all the knowledge is divided into three parts: natural science (materialism), metaphysics (idealism) and mathematics. The contents contained in the metaphysics can be called as the truths, which have existed only in order to the existence of the natural science. The characteristic of the truths is that they cannot be proved by empirical methods, and can only be gradually approached by repeated practices. The principle of seeking limits in mathematics was abstracted from the physical processes of ascertaining the truths. And mathematics runs throughout both of the natural science and metaphysics, it has helped us to break through the bondage of finite thought by the way of infinite subdivision, from the quantitative change in real space has gone deep into the qualitative change of ideal realm. It not only has achieved the unity of opposites of all the knowledge, but can also make reasoning under the premise of mutual restriction according to have the characteristic of continuity. As a result, metaphysics has been translated into that neither divorced from practices, nor just observed objective things with a one-sided, isolated and static way of thinking. This is precisely where the bright spot of the article lies. Between the truths, which can only be reasoned through the continuity of objective things in reality, and can produce logical causalities, but cannot deduce out any contradictory state, nor can there be any chronological order. For example, a rational explanation is firstly given for the disagreement of "whether matter is the first or consciousness is the first." The philosophical question of "which came the first, chicken or egg", is explained in passing. In addition, it was also found that in Einstein's special relativity there was a paradoxes, which was to use one truth (the principle of constant light velocity in vacuum) to overthrow another truth (the absoluteness of simultaneity). After inspection, it is determined that the value c of light speed in vacuum has been replaced with the value v of real light speed. Here lay Einstein's mistake precisely. At last, his "principle of relativity" has been modified rationally.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[33364] viXra:2001.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 02:48:08

Infrared Silicon Photonics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

In a new report published on Scientific Reports, Milan M. Milošević and an international research team at the Zepler Institute for Photonics and Nanoelectronics, Etaphase Incorporated and the Departments of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, in the U.S. and the U.K. Introduced a hyperuniform-disordered platform to realize near-infrared (NIR) photonic devices to create, detect and manipulate light. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33363] viXra:2001.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 03:21:35

Optical Resonators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

In the quantum realm, under some circumstances and with the right interference patterns, light can pass through opaque media. [34] Researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have constructed a first-of-its-kind optic isolator based on resonance of light waves on a rapidly rotating glass sphere. [33] The micro-resonator is a two-mirror trap for the light, with the mirrors facing each other within several hundred nanometers. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33362] viXra:2001.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 03:43:02

Super Cold Memory Storage

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have experimentally demonstrated a novel cryogenic, or low temperature, memory cell circuit design based on coupled arrays of Josephson junctions, a technology that may be faster and more energy efficient than existing memory devices. [34] Just like their biological counterparts, hardware that mimics the neural circuitry of the brain requires building blocks that can adjust how they synapse, with some connections strengthening at the expense of others. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33361] viXra:2001.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 05:26:18

Open Letter to Physicists

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 6 Pages. Open Letter to Physicists © Robert Yusupov 14.01.2020

This is a fiery appeal and appeal to the entire physical community for recognition of the "Theory of Nature" by Robert Yusupov, a free researcher, dialectical materialist, communist. For 7 years now, the physical power of the Russian Federation, headed by the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, has been unable to really, objectively, honestly and impartially evaluate the “Theory of Nature” for scientific significance and consistency. Physical power in the Russian Federation has completely degraded! Physical power in the Russian Federation has completely lost its scientific vigilance and scientific scent! Physical power in the Russian Federation has proved its professional unsuitability! Physical power in the Russian Federation reached full scientific impotence! Physical power in the Russian Federation has proved its complete unscrupulousness and unconsciousness! Physical power in the Russian Federation has gone blind and does not see that TN is a Revolution in physics! Physical power in the Russian Federation has become a brake on scientific progress, primarily in physics! It's time to change this rotten power!
Category: Classical Physics

[33360] viXra:2001.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 05:29:57

Открытое письмо физикам

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 7 Pages. Открытое письмо физикам © Robert Yusupov 14.01.2020

Это пламенное обращение и воззвание ко всему физическому сообществу на предмет признания «Теории Природы» Юсупова Роберта, свободного исследователя, диалектического материалиста, коммуниста. Физическая власть РФ во главе с ОФН РАН вот уже 7 лет никак не может реально, объективно, честно и непредвзято оценить «Теорию Природы» на предмет научной значимости и состоятельности. Физическая власть в РФ деградировала абсолютно! Физическая власть в РФ полностью потеряла научную бдительность и научный нюх! Физическая власть в РФ доказала свою профессиональную непригодность! Физическая власть в РФ дошла до полной научной импотенции! Физическая власть в РФ доказала свою полную беспринципность и несознательность! Физическая власть в РФ ослепла и не видит, что ТП – это Революция в физике! Физическая власть в РФ стала тормозом научного прогресса и в первую очередь в физике! Пора менять эту гнилую власть!
Category: Classical Physics

[33359] viXra:2001.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 05:36:25

A Project for Village Empowerment

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu
Comments: 21 Pages. NA

In this project, a number of new economic, political and administrative reforms have been proposed.
Category: Social Science

[33358] viXra:2001.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 09:10:09

Space, Time and Nature of Physical Interactions (Text in Polish)

Authors: Kajetan Młynarski
Comments: 33 Pages.

Abstract The work uses non-standard concepts and calculations based on the concept of identity (i.e. not based on set theory as a basic theory). This made it possible to obtain several potentially interesting results. For example: the number of dimensions of a space is not an assumption, it is determined by a theorem. Also a theorem indicates the existence of a maximum speed having properties analogous to c. According to the presented theory, there is only one fundamental interaction. Depending on the parameters (distance, rotation), it has properties similar to known fundamental interactions. In the final part I propose some experiments checking the obtained results.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33357] viXra:2001.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-14 10:00:00

Fourth Power Algorithm Using Polynomials

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel
Comments: 11 Pages.

This document develops and demonstrates the discovery of a new potentiation algorithm that works absolutely with all the numbers using the formula of the square of a binomial, trinomial, tetranomial and pentanomial
Category: Algebra

[33356] viXra:2001.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 11:24:56

Influential Electrons Quantum Relationship

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

A team of physicists has mapped how electron energies vary from region to region in a particular quantum state with unprecedented clarity. [47] Observation of Spin-Charge Deconfinement in Fermionic Hubbard Chains"), they used a so-called quantum simulator. [46] From raindrops rolling off the waxy surface of a waterlily leaf to the efficiency of desalination membranes, interactions between water molecules and water-repellent "hydrophobic" surfaces are all around us. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33355] viXra:2001.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 11:54:12

It takes a Decision to Decide if Decidability is True or False

Authors: Manfred U.E.Pohl
Comments: 9 Pages.

Turning a discarded (Descartes) Coordinate-System into a new (Newtonian) Coordinate-System - [pi / pi :=1 ; pi := c := Meter / Second] - Written to the FXQi Essay Contest on „Undecidability, Uncomputability, and Unpredictability“
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33354] viXra:2001.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 13:28:16

Relation of Accelerations in Two Inertial Frames in Special Relativity Theory

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 4 Pages. Thank you for reading

In special relativity theory, we discover the relation of inertial frames’ accelerations. In this theory, we can understand general state of the relation of inertial frames’ accelerations
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33353] viXra:2001.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 00:48:44

Twin Paradox Solution (Language German).

Authors: Genrih Leonidovich Arutyunov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Twin Paradox solution (language German). Das Zwillingsparadoxon Beweis und Lösung zum ersten Mal seit 110 Jahren. 
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33352] viXra:2001.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 01:07:31

Refutation of the Zorn Lemma

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2020 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Disqus comments are ignored, so don't bother. See ersatz-systems.com

We evaluate theorems for the Kuratowski-Zorn lemma and Zorn’s lemma for which both are not tautologous. This refutes the Zorn lemma to form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[33351] viXra:2001.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 03:25:51

Hybrid Time Theory: "Euler's Formula" and the "Phi-Algorithm"

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this series of papers on the golden ratio algorithm (phi-algorithm) for time [1-14], the concept of time as the phi-algorithm has been the core focus of topic. Through the development of the papers, the idea of the phi-algorithm for time seeking to define pi has resulted in the development a vast field of ideas covering what is perceived and measured of the natural physical world, containing equations that fit all observed data regarding the field forces for mass and energy and associated constants thereof. These results took shape from the initial premise of defining space as a “0” 3-d construct associated to time, “time” as a concept that is tagged to a basic logical construct of consciousness, namely the features of time-before, time-now, and time-after, and how that process of time from time-before to time-after can fit with the basic feature of 0-space in time-now. It was proposed that time would propagate from any point in 0-space as a spherical wavefront at a fixed rate. Now, in this paper, that assumption will be fully addressed, namely the assumption of time seeking to conform to a spherical wavefront and thus to the notion of the value of pi. This will be achieved by first addressing how words should be most precisely and efficiently used to explain the notion of space and time in detailing a just as efficient and precise use of numbers describing the process of linking a 0 reference in space to an infinite reference. Then, that description will uphold the findings of papers 1-14 [1-14], most importantly the final premise reached in paper 14 regarding natural radioactive decay. There it shall be explained exists an associated equation for time, not explicitly the phi-algorithm for time, yet an associated algorithm of its own explained in Euler’s formula. The aim here in this paper is to then propose a compromise between two time-theories as a general equation for time involving the value of “Euler’s number”, “phi”, and “pi”.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[33350] viXra:2001.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 03:45:31

Inertial Motion of the Quantum Self-Interacting Electron

Authors: Peter Leifer
Comments: 21 Pages.

Attempts represent the self-interacting quantum electron as the cyclic motion on the stable attractor has been discussed. This motion subjects quantum inertia principle expressed by the parallel transported energy-momentum generator along a closed geodesic in the space of the unlocated quantum states $CP(3)$ . The affine gauge potential in the complex projective state space (similar to the Higgs potential) seriously deforms the Jacobi fields in the vicinity of the ``north pole". It was assumed that the divergency of the Jacobi field may be compensated by the fields of the Poincar\'e generators representing EM-like ``field shell" of the electron in the dynamical spacetime. Thereby, the spacetime looks as ultimately deprecated in the role of the ``container of matter" and it appears as the accompanied to the quantum electron functional space (dynamical spacetime). Meanwhile, the dynamics of the self-interacting electron is essentially non-linear and deterministic.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[33349] viXra:2001.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 04:51:35

Protein Sestrin Benefits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

Michigan Medicine researchers studying a class of naturally occurring protein called Sestrin have found that it can mimic many of exercise's effects in flies and mice. [38] Researchers have developed a way to prop up a struggling immune system to enable its fight against sepsis, a deadly condition resulting from the body's extreme reaction to infection. [37] An interdisciplinary team of scientists from KU Leuven, the University of Bremen, the Leibniz Institute of Materials Engineering, and the University of Ioannina has succeeded in killing tumour cells in mice using nano-sized copper compounds together with immunotherapy. [36]
Category: Physics of Biology

[33348] viXra:2001.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 05:16:24

Herpes Simplex Viruses

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

An Italian research team has refined the history and origins of two extremely common pathogens in human populations, herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2. [39] Michigan Medicine researchers studying a class of naturally occurring protein called Sestrin have found that it can mimic many of exercise's effects in flies and mice. [38] Researchers have developed a way to prop up a struggling immune system to enable its fight against sepsis, a deadly condition resulting from the body's extreme reaction to infection. [37] An interdisciplinary team of scientists from KU Leuven, the University of Bremen, the Leibniz Institute of Materials Engineering, and the University of Ioannina has succeeded in killing tumour cells in mice using nano-sized copper compounds together with immunotherapy. [36]
Category: Physics of Biology

[33347] viXra:2001.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 05:45:21

Asymptotic Safety, Black-Hole Cosmology and the Universe as a Gravitating Vacuum State

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 13 Pages.

A model of the Universe as a dynamical homogeneous anisotropic self-gravitating fluid, consistent with Kantowski-Sachs homogeneous anisotropic cosmology and Black-Hole cosmology, is developed. Renormalization Group (RG) improved black-hole solutions resulting from Asymptotic Safety in Quantum Gravity are constructed which explicitly $remove$ the singularities at $t = 0$. Two temporal horizons at $ t _- \simeq t_P$ (Planck time) and $ t_+ \simeq t_H$ (Hubble time) are found. For times below the Planck time $ t < t_P$, and above the Hubble time $ t > t_H$, the components of the Kantowski-Sachs metric exhibit a key sign $change$, so the roles of the spatial $z$ and temporal coordinates $ t$ are $exchanged$, and one recovers a $repulsive$ inflationary de Sitter-like core around $ z = 0$, and a Schwarzschild-like metric in the exterior region $ z > R_H = 2 G_o M $. Therefore, in this fashion one has found a dynamical Universe $inside$ a Black Hole whose Schwarzschild radius coincides with the Hubble radius $ r_s = 2 G_o M = R_H$. For these reasons we conclude by arguing that our Universe could be seen as a Gravitating Vacuum State inside a Black-Hole.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[33346] viXra:2001.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 06:25:34

The Research of Using Truth to Restrict Authoritative Theories

Authors: Ding Jian
Comments: 14 Pages.

First to put forth an argument, truth must have absoluteness and immutability, and does not exist in reality. Then, according to whether it does exist in reality to distinguish different definition domains, all the knowledge is divided into three parts: natural science (materialism), metaphysics (idealism) and mathematics. The contents contained in the metaphysics can be called as the truths, which have existed only in order to the existence of the natural science. The characteristic of the truths is that they cannot be proved by empirical methods, and can only be gradually approached by repeated practices. The principle of seeking limits in mathematics was abstracted from the physical processes of ascertaining the truths. And mathematics runs throughout both of the natural science and metaphysics, it has helped us to break through the bondage of finite thought by the way of infinite subdivision, from the quantitative change in real space has gone deep into the qualitative change of ideal realm. It not only has achieved the unity of opposites of all the knowledge, but can also make reasoning under the premise of mutual restriction according to have the characteristic of continuity. As a result, metaphysics has been translated into that neither divorced from practices, nor just observed objective things with a one-sided, isolated and static way of thinking. This is precisely where the bright spot of the article lies. Between the truths, which can only be reasoned through the continuity of objective things in reality, and can produce logical causalities, but cannot deduce out any contradictory state, nor can there be any chronological order. For example, a rational explanation is firstly given for the disagreement of "whether matter is the first or consciousness is the first." The philosophical question of "which came the first, chicken or egg", is explained in passing. In addition, it was also found that in Einstein's special relativity there was a paradoxes, which was to use one truth (the principle of constant light velocity in vacuum) to overthrow another truth (the absoluteness of simultaneity). After inspection, it is determined that the value c of light speed in vacuum has been replaced with the value v of real light speed. Here lay Einstein's mistake precisely. At last, his "principle of relativity" has been modified rationally.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[33345] viXra:2001.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 07:24:51

If Background em Radiation Forms a Locality Relative to Which em Waves Propagate Their Speed/wavelength Energy Mix Then the Time Dilation Theory is not Needed.

Authors: Iain Smith
Comments: 11 Pages.

Observations that the speed of electromagnetic waves are reliably measured to travel at the speed of light "c" relative to the observer and proved to be independent of the emitters relative speed have resulted in the theory of the dilation of time as a practical interpretation of the theory of special and general relativity. This papers alternative theory suggests background EM radiation provides the locality that EM waves latch onto and set their speed/wavelength mix relative to. As such back ground radiation will exist locally to all emitters and observers of EM waves this would explain the observations that currently force the time dilation theory. In turn, if time dilation does not exist then the correlation between extended atomic half lives and speed are in fact an observation of a transfer of energy to the atoms stores during accelerating events they have experienced rather than proof of the rate of time slowing down at speed. This theory is applied to the results of experiments bouncing laser pulses off a reflector on the moon as observational confirmation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33344] viXra:2001.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 07:41:49

Metals Trace History of Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Astronomers have cataloged signs of nine heavy metals in the infrared light from supergiant and giant stars. [34] The data comprising this image were gathered by the Wide Field Camera 3 aboard the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. [33] For almost 10 years, astronomers have been studying a mysterious diffuse radiation coming from the centre of our galaxy. [32] Deep beneath a mountain in the Apennine range in Italy, an intricate apparatus searches for the dark matter of the universe. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[33343] viXra:2001.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 07:59:23

One-Dimensional Quantum Divorce

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

Observation of Spin-Charge Deconfinement in Fermionic Hubbard Chains"), they used a so-called quantum simulator. [46] From raindrops rolling off the waxy surface of a waterlily leaf to the efficiency of desalination membranes, interactions between water molecules and water-repellent "hydrophobic" surfaces are all around us. [45] The ever-more-humble carbon nanotube may be just the device to make solar panels—and anything else that loses energy through heat—far more efficient. [44] When traversing a solid material such as glass, a light wave can deposit part of its energy in a mechanical wave, leading to a color change of the light. [43]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33342] viXra:2001.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 08:15:10

On Some Ramanujan Equations Concerning the Continued Fractions. Further Possible Mathematical Connections with Some Parameters of Particle Physics and Cosmology V.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 82 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed and deepened some equations concerning the Ramanujan continued fractions. Further possible mathematical connections with some parameters of Particle Physics and Cosmology.
Category: Number Theory

[33341] viXra:2001.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 08:16:12

Proteome State in Live Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Australian scientists have developed a molecular probe that senses the state of the proteome—the entire set of the proteins—by measuring the polarity of the protein environment. [39] Michigan Medicine researchers studying a class of naturally occurring protein called Sestrin have found that it can mimic many of exercise's effects in flies and mice. [38] Researchers have developed a way to prop up a struggling immune system to enable its fight against sepsis, a deadly condition resulting from the body's extreme reaction to infection. [37]
Category: Physics of Biology

[33340] viXra:2001.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-13 08:26:54

The Fuzzy Probabilities

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

We propose to introduce a measure in the theory of fuzzy sets, calling this notion the fuzzy probabilities.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[33339] viXra:2001.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-12 16:31:03

Response to the Postmodernisms’ of the Age: Contemporary Issues of Notability

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 1 Page.

Postmodernisms’ of the Age is a contemporary issue of notability.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[33338] viXra:2001.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-12 00:23:43

Understanding & Exploring -> [ Mandelbrot Algorithms+AI+QRNG Concepts+Hard Problem Concepts based on Python & Haskell ] – A Short Communication.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication

[ PART A ] - Python Medical Image Processing & Electron Microscopy Image Processing Informatics Using Python/LLVM. [ PART B ] - Haskell Exploring a JIT Compiler with Haskell and LLVM in the Context of Medical Image Processing & Electron Microscopy Image Processing Software R&D Using Mandelbrot Algorithms.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[33337] viXra:2001.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-12 02:40:52

Модель униполярного заряда

Authors: Киров
Comments: 1 Page. Russ lang

Определена модель униполярного заряда
Category: Classical Physics

[33336] viXra:2001.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-12 02:44:06

Unipolar Charge Model

Authors: Kirov
Comments: 1 Page.

Unipolar charge model determined
Category: Classical Physics

[33335] viXra:2001.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-12 06:01:15

From Deriving Mass-Energy Equivalence with Classical Physics to Mass-Velocity Relation and Charge-Velocity Relation of Electrons

Authors: JianFei Chen
Comments: 3 Pages.

There are controversies on mass-velocity relation and charge of moving electrons, which are related with mass-energy equivalence. Author thought that mass-energy equivalence was expressing the energy relation of bodies and space as mass. In this paper author proposed relative kinetic energy $E_{rk}=mv^2$ to explain this relation. With relative kinetic energy theory, author inferred the equations for mass-energy equivalence and mass-velocity relation. While analyzing the electron acceleration movement, author found the reasons for the two unreal equation of mass-velocity relation, and determined the equations of mass-velocity relation and charge-velocity relation of electrons. These determinations are of important significance for relativity theory and electrodynamics, even for superconducting research. [eastear@outlook.com, eastear@163.com]
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33334] viXra:2001.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-12 07:46:45

Energy Efficient Computers and Smartphones

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

With enhanced properties such as greater strength, lighter weight, increased electrical conductivity and chemical reactivity, nanomaterials (NMs) are widely used in areas like ICT, energy and medicine. [35] Scientists at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) have developed a light-based device that can act as a biosensor, detecting biological substances in materials; for example, harmful pathogens in food samples. [34] A tightly focused, circularly polarized spatially phase-modulated beam of light formed an optical ring trap. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[33333] viXra:2001.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-12 07:52:42

Do US Sanctions On Iran Work? Survival in The Modern World

Authors: Syed Noman Ali Shah
Comments: 6 Pages.

“There is no doubt that the United states will not achieve success with this new plot against Iran.” Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani on US new sanctions. My research is composed Iran’s survival in isolation after a hard tension by the west for 40 years. How Iran is going to manage it people through its policies and diplomacy nationally and internationally. In today’s globalized world how, Iran react towards sanctions and focuses on its nuclear weapons production. Relations with Russia as alternate ally after US and supporting of militant groups inside the middle east to extend her regime. Shall different engagements at a time lead Iran into hard situation like in Yemen, Syria, Iraq, supporting Hammas and Hezbollah which are black-listed by the international community. On one side Iran is facing sanctions from the world like import-export shut down, no travelling by sea and air, no foreign transactions, steel and iron industry which the biggest contributing sector in the Iran’s economy is and parallel to these issues Iran is financially and militarily supporting internationally these groups.
Category: Social Science

[33332] viXra:2001.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-12 08:14:36

Gold Atoms Peculiar Pyramidal Shape

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Freestanding clusters of 20 gold atoms take the shape of a pyramid, researchers have discovered. [30] The multimodal nanoscience approach to studying quantum physics phenomena is, they say, a "technological leap for how scientists can explore quantum materials to unearth new phenomena and guide future functional engineering of these materials for real-world applications." [29] Researchers have developed a three-dimensional dynamic model of an interaction between light and nanoparticles. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Condensed Matter

[33331] viXra:2001.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2020-01-12 08:40:08

Boosting Cell's Antibacterial Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Researchers have developed a way to prop up a struggling immune system to enable its fight against sepsis, a deadly condition resulting from the body's extreme reaction to infection. [37] An interdisciplinary team of scientists from KU Leuven, the University of Bremen, the Leibniz Institute of Materials Engineering, and the University of Ioannina has succeeded in killing tumour cells in mice using nano-sized copper compounds together with immunotherapy. [36] Johns Hopkins researchers report that a type of biodegradable, lab-engineered nanoparticle they fashioned can successfully deliver a "suicide gene" to pediatric brain tumor cells implanted in the brains of mice. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

Replacements of recent Submissions

[12758] viXra:2001.0363 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-19 12:09:04

Remarks on Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer Conjungture

Authors: Algirdas Antano Maknickas
Comments: 1 Page.

These short remarks show deriviation of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjungture. As a consequence new one resulting constant free equality of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjungture proposed
Category: Number Theory

[12757] viXra:2001.0361 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-20 08:29:13

Baryon Asymmetry from the Minimal Fractal Manifold

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 4 Pages.

Baryon asymmetry represents the observed excess of matter over antimatter and is conjectured to follow from the Sakharov conditions for baryogenesis. Our brief note highlights a surprising connection between baryon asymmetry and the minimal fractality of spacetime near the Fermi scale. This connection is likely to emerge from the non-equilibrium regime of dimensional fluctuations in the early Universe.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[12756] viXra:2001.0345 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-20 06:38:25

Relativity, Light and Photons

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 17 Pages.

This paper adds some thoughts on relativity theory and geometry to our one-cycle photon model. We basically highlight what we should think of as being relative in this model (energy, wavelength, and the related force/field values), as opposed to what is absolute (the geometry of spacetime and the geometry of the photon). We also expand our photon model somewhat by introducing an electromagnetic vector combining electric and magnetic fields. Finally, we add a discussion on how we can think about photon-electron interactions and polarization.
Category: Quantum Physics

[12755] viXra:2001.0345 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-19 14:13:31

Relativity and Light

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: No. of pages excludes title page.

This paper adds some thoughts on relativity theory and geometry to our one-cycle photon model. We basically highlight what we should think of as being relative in this model (energy, wavelength, and the related force/field values), as opposed to what is absolute (the geometry of spacetime and the geometry of the photon).
Category: Quantum Physics

[12754] viXra:2001.0307 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-18 05:21:45

Rhind Papyrus Problem no 48 Squaring a Circle in 4-D Spacetime

Authors: Manfred U.E. Pohl
Comments: 4 Pages.

The ToE Framework that unites quantum theory with gravitation „Solution to the Problem of Time“ [1] is based on the Solution of the Black-Hole Information Paradox, namely the squaring of a circle (π) in space-time. It is well known how to “square” a circle over an additional dimension, as shown in „Solution to the Problem of Time“ II +III [2]. In addition to the Essay “It takes a Decision to Decide if Decidability is True or False” [3] (concering Gödels incompleteness and impossibility of Hilbert’s Programm) it is shown here the Solution to the Problem No. 48 in the Rhind-Papyrus. Keywords: Pi, God, Unified Principle, Gödel’s Incompleteness, Foundation of Mathematics, TOE.
Category: Astrophysics

[12753] viXra:2001.0307 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-16 10:45:45

Rhind Papyrus Problem no 48 Squaring a Circle in 4-D Spacetime

Authors: Manfred U.E. Pohl
Comments: 4 Pages.

The ToE Framework that unites quantum theory with gravitation „Solution to the Problem of Time“ [1] is based on the Solution of the Black-Hole Information Paradox, namely the squaring of a circle (π) in space-time. It is well known how to “square” a circle over an additional dimension, as shown in „Solution to the Problem of Time“ II +III [2]. In addition to the Essay “It takes a Decision to Decide if Decidability is True or False” [3] (concering Gödels incompleteness and impossibility of Hilbert’s Programm) it is shown here the Solution to the Problem No. 48 in the Rhind-Papyrus. Keywords: Pi, God, Unified Principle, Gödel’s Incompleteness, Foundation of Mathematics, TOE.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[12752] viXra:2001.0298 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-19 11:00:23

Representing Basic Physical Fields by Quaternionic Fields

Authors: Hans van Leunen
Comments: 46 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Basic physical fields are dynamic fields like our universe and the fields that are raised by electric charges. These fields are dynamic continuums. Most physical theories treat these fields by applying gravitational theories or by Maxwell equations. Mathematically these fields can be represented by quaternionic fields. Dedicated normal operators in quaternionic non-separable Hilbert spaces can represent these quaternionic fields in their continuum eigenspaces. Quaternionic functions can describe these fields. Quaternionic differential and integral calculus can describe the behavior of these fields and the interaction of these fields with countable sets of quaternions. All quaternionic fields obey the same quaternionic function theory. The basic fields differ in their start and boundary conditions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[12751] viXra:2001.0233 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-14 00:52:28

Hybrid Time Theory: "Euler's Formula" and the "Phi-Algorithm"

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this series of papers on the golden ratio algorithm (phi-algorithm) for time [1-14], the concept of time as the phi-algorithm has been the core focus of topic. Through the development of the papers, the idea of the phi-algorithm for time seeking to define pi has resulted in the development a vast field of ideas covering what is perceived and measured of the natural physical world, containing equations that fit all observed data regarding the field forces for mass and energy and associated constants thereof. These results took shape from the initial premise of defining space as a “0” 3-d construct associated to time, “time” as a concept that is tagged to a basic logical construct of consciousness, namely the features of time-before, time-now, and time-after, and how that process of time from time-before to time-after can fit with the basic feature of 0-space in time-now. It was proposed that time would propagate from any point in 0-space as a spherical wavefront at a fixed rate. Now, in this paper, that assumption will be fully addressed, namely the assumption of time seeking to conform to a spherical wavefront and thus to the notion of the value of pi. This will be achieved by first addressing how words should be most precisely and efficiently used to explain the notion of space and time in detailing a just as efficient and precise use of numbers describing the process of linking a 0 reference in space to an infinite reference. Then, that description will uphold the findings of papers 1-14 [1-14], most importantly the final premise reached in paper 14 regarding natural radioactive decay. There it shall be explained exists an associated equation for time, not explicitly the phi-algorithm for time, yet an associated algorithm of its own explained in Euler’s formula. The aim here in this paper is to then propose a compromise between two time-theories as a general equation for time involving the value of “Euler’s number”, “phi”, and “pi”.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[12750] viXra:2001.0229 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-13 23:41:57

Asymptotic Safety, Black-Hole Cosmology and the Universe as a Gravitating Vacuum State

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 13 Pages.

A model of the Universe as a dynamical homogeneous anisotropic self-gravitating fluid, consistent with Kantowski-Sachs homogeneous anisotropic cosmology and Black-Hole cosmology, is developed. Renormalization Group (RG) improved black-hole solutions resulting from Asymptotic Safety in Quantum Gravity are constructed which explicitly $remove$ the singularities at $t = 0$. Two temporal horizons at $ t _- \simeq t_P$ (Planck time) and $ t_+ \simeq t_H$ (Hubble time) are found. For times below the Planck time $ t < t_P$, and above the Hubble time $ t > t_H$, the components of the Kantowski-Sachs metric exhibit a key sign $change$, so the roles of the spatial $z$ and temporal coordinates $ t$ are $exchanged$, and one recovers a $repulsive$ inflationary de Sitter-like core around $ z = 0$, and a Schwarzschild-like metric in the exterior region $ z > R_H = 2 G_o M $. Therefore, in this fashion one has found a dynamical Universe $inside$ a Black Hole whose Schwarzschild radius coincides with the Hubble radius $ r_s = 2 G_o M = R_H$. For these reasons we conclude by arguing that our Universe could be seen as a Gravitating Vacuum State inside a Black-Hole.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12749] viXra:2001.0218 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-17 01:21:27

Understanding & Exploring -> [ Mandelbrot Algorithms+AI+QRNG Concepts+Hard Problem Concepts based on Python & Haskell ] – A Short Communication.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication - Revised

[ PART A ] - Python Medical Image Processing & Electron Microscopy Image Processing Informatics Using Python/LLVM. [ PART B ] - Haskell Exploring a JIT Compiler with Haskell and LLVM in the Context of Medical Image Processing & Electron Microscopy Image Processing Software R&D Using Mandelbrot Algorithms.
Category: Artificial Intelligence