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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[27353] viXra:1901.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 06:13:59

The Muon Paradox and the Twin Paradox

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

The muon paradox and the twin paradox are the result of time dilation, but time itself doesn't dilate.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27352] viXra:1901.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 07:58:39

Entropy Production in Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

"We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27351] viXra:1901.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 08:19:44

Quantum Structures in Early Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[27350] viXra:1901.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 08:26:49

Experiments1

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

1..heat water and cool it to very high and very low temperatures in a very short time span 2.heat a very dark matter till its color is white 3.crush an aeroplane from opposite sides(preferably from front and back ) while its flying in high speeds and measure the force needed 4.put very high pressure on volcanoes lava 5.shoot a very thin and powerful laser through elements in the periodic table and maybe repeat the experiment with elements being in layers 6.spin a mass around itself clockwise and then from down to up at a very high speeds
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[27349] viXra:1901.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 08:48:40

Interaction of Plasmas with Solids

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

Atoms and molecules from the plasma can be deposited on the solid material, or energetic plasma ions can knock atoms out of the solid, and thereby deform or even destroy its surface. [40] A novel quantum effect observed in a carbon nanotube film could lead to the development of unique lasers and other optoelectronic devices, according to scientists at Rice University and Tokyo Metropolitan University. [39] This "piezomagnetic" material changes its magnetic properties when put under mechanical strain. [38] Researchers have developed a new flexible sensor with high sensitivity that is designed to perform variety of chemical and biological analyses in very small spaces. [37]
Category: Condensed Matter

[27348] viXra:1901.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 09:40:32

Mathematical Model on Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have developed a new mathematical tool to characterize what happens when cells lose their polarity (direction) in diseases such as cancer. [37] Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have discovered a simple new tweak that could double the efficiency of organic electronics. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27347] viXra:1901.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 10:01:30

Quantum World for Business

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

With a new era of quantum technology beckoning, James McKenzie examines the opportunities it offers for business and industry. [23] With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27346] viXra:1901.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 10:14:59

The Relationship Between the Energy of Gravitational Field and the Representative Pseudotensor

Authors: R. I. Khrapko
Comments: 4 Pages. International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering Vol:12, No:8, 2018

As is known, the role of the energy-momentum pseudotensors of the gravitational field is to extend the conservation law to the gravitational interaction by taking into account the energy and momentum of the gravitational field. We calculated the contribution of the Einstein pseudotensor to the total mass of a stationary material body and its gravitational field. It turned out that this contribution is positive, despite the fact that the mass-energy of a stationary gravitational field is negative. We concluded that the pseudotensor incorrectly describes the energy of the gravitational field. Nevertheless this pseudotensor has been used in a large number of scientific works for 100 years. We explain this by the fact that the covariant component of the pseudotensor was regarded as the mass-energy. Besides, we prove the advantage of the covariant energy-momentum conservation law for matter in the Minkowski space-time
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27345] viXra:1901.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 11:23:47

Increase the Angular Resolution Beyond the Classical Limits

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I try an increase of the angular resolution of telescope, and microscope, with numerical methods: I try to obtain the real image (without interferences) using a learning algoritm on sample images
Category: Classical Physics

[27344] viXra:1901.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 11:36:02

Fixing Dirac Theory's Relativity and Correspondence Errors

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 12 Pages.

Dirac tied his relativistic quantum free-particle Hamiltonian to requiring space-time symmetry of the Schroedinger equation in configuration representation; he ignored Lorentz covariance of the particle's energy-momentum. Consequently, a Dirac free particle's velocity is independent of its momentum, breaching dynamical fundamentals. Dirac also made solutions of his equation satisfy the Klein-Gordon equation by imposing ten requirements on its operators; three of those fix the speed of Dirac particles to the unphysical value of c times the square root of three. Moreover, Dirac's six anticommutation operator requirements prevent such observables as velocity components from commuting when Planck's constant goes to zero, a correspondence-principle breach which is responsible for Dirac zitterbewegung spontaneous free-particle acceleration that becomes infinite when Planck's constant vanishes. Nonrelativistic Pauli theory is contrariwise physically sensible, and its particle rest-frame action can be extended to become Lorentz invariant. The consequent Lagrangian yields the corresponding closed-form relativistic Hamiltonian when magnetic field is absent, otherwise a successive-approximation regime applies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27343] viXra:1901.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 12:07:43

Collatz Conjecture Proof

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 5 Pages. Copyright 2018 James Edwin Rock Create Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Collatz sequences are formed by applying the Collatz algorithm to any positive integer. If it is even repeatedly divide by two until it is odd, then multiply by three and add one to get an even number and vice versa. If the Collatz conjecture is true eventually you always get back to one. A connected Collatz Structure is created, which contains all positive integers exactly once. The terms of the Collatz Structure are joined together via the Collatz algorithm. Thus, every positive integer forms a Collatz sequence with unique terms terminating in the number one.
Category: Number Theory

[27342] viXra:1901.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 12:19:53

The Relationship Between CKM and PMNS Matrices in the CP-Violation Sectors

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 4 Pages.

There are two minima in the global distribution for the mixing angle (23) in the PMNS matrix. It suggests that there are two different phenomena. We described them within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The two minima lead to two invariants for a certain relationship between the CKM and PMNS matrices in the CP-violation sectors. We also showed how SST is related to the orthodox PMNS matrix and we calculated the maximum allowed CP violation in the leptonic sector parameterized by the Jarlskog determinant - our value is 0.03291. Presented here model allows us to understand the electroweak interactions of baryons.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27341] viXra:1901.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:52:15

A Micro-robot With Camera to Track and Follow Objects

Authors: Gokul Krishna Srinivasan
Comments: 5 Pages.

A lot of work has been done to track a moving object with the aid of a camera. This paper describes one such technique, which can constantly track and follow moving objects. Most of the work done in this paper were referred from the work done by Nazim[4].The camera is used as a feedback sensor to help the robot follow the object. The robot system is truncated into two subsystems: vision and motion. The vision system comprises of a two-motor pan-tilt camera driving mechanism with embedded potentiometer sensor, PCI image acquisition board and PWM based DC motor driver board. The motion system is made up of a two-wheel and two-castor platform driven by servomotors with amplifiers. The system tries to demonstrate the eye tracking ability of a human when a moving object is in focus. The robot used for this purpose is Alice, the most recent model that was developed in the year 2002 has been chosen.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27340] viXra:1901.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:55:11

Implementation, Comparison and Literature Review of Spatio-Temporal and Compressed Domains Object Detection

Authors: Gokul Krishna Srinivasan
Comments: 12 Pages.

Object detection in a moving video stream is playing a prominent role in every branch of science and research[1]. Objection detection or tracking is done by two different methods, namely, spatio-temporal domain and compressed domain. This project will deal with both the domains in order to bring out the advantages and disadvantages of each and every method in terms of complexity in computations, efficiency etc. Along with that, a detailed literature survey will also be done on the same topic. Most image and video data are stored or transmitted after compression for efficiency. Processes like pattern detection and localization typically include the extra expense of decompressing the data since most image and video processing techniques require access to the original pixel values in the spatial domain. This project performs a statistical analysis of present object detection schemes in both spatio-temporal and compressed domains. The results of multiple object detection in spatio-temporal domain are compared to those of compressed domain object detection and various evaluation results are analyzed. The comparisons will be made in the context of complexity of algorithm, efficiency and application.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27339] viXra:1901.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:54:43

Global Topological Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Topology is an emerging field within many scientific disciplines, even leading to a Nobel Physics Prize in 2016. [26] Topology is a global aspect of materials, leading to fundamental new properties for compounds with large relativistic effects. [25] Weyl fermions are novel particles that were predicted to be seen in high-energy physics experiments but have not been observed. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[27338] viXra:1901.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 14:01:08

A Universe from Nothing or Big Bounce?

Authors: S.Natarajan, R.Chandramohan
Comments: 6 Pages. article published in IJRAR - International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews. DoI: http://doi.one/10.1729/Journal.19102

The beginning of the universe is explained by many theoretical aspects. The cosmological evolution begins with the singularity. Such singularities predict the initial conditions of the universe. To deal the singularity there are lots of mathematical models have been proposed. In particular universe from nothing model, that deals the beginning of the universe as nonsingular and initiated out of nothing scenario. Similarly loop quantum cosmology resolves the initial singularity with quantum geometry. That resolution replaces the big bang with big bounce. Initial conditions of the universe in vacuum dominated states and loop quantum cosmological bouncing solutions is analyzed in this work. Minimal scale factor and critical density is analyzed to scrutinize the formation of universe from nothing. It is been interpreted that the universe from vacuum solutions replicate the dark energy dominated final stages of the universe , which leads to cyclic cosmology.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27337] viXra:1901.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 16:43:30

Small Corrections to the Critical Density Calculation in MHCE8S Theory Produce Full Agreement With Planck Collaboration Data

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 2 Pages.

Abstract: An increase of 10 million years for the very hot period of the universe and increasing the universe's radius to be exactly c/ fine-structure constant alpha produce full 3-digit agreement with Planck Collaboration critical density data.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27336] viXra:1901.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 18:53:47

A Study on the Height and Represented Age Versus Realism in Female Love Dolls

Authors: Travis.
Comments: 5 Pages.

There are some advantages associated with love dolls that are smaller than the average woman, both for manufacturers and final users. However a small sized doll faces several problems. We discuss them, and the characteristics the user should look at before purchasing a doll to avoid being scammed, or how to choose an anatomically correct representation of a small woman that does not resemble a child. We walk a thin and creepy line, combining statistical data of the world female population with some psychophysics of perception and the biology of human growth, to arrive at some helpful conclusions: neither the height nor the catalog pictures are indicative when considered separately, but knowledge of both of them combined is necessary. The low height threshold of a fully realistic anatomical doll that does not represent a prepubescent child, may go down to 145 cm at one-sigma confidence, taking into account a reasonable small downscaling factor. But such small dolls can be realistic only if their head-to-body ratio represents a late teenager or young adult woman.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[27335] viXra:1901.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 23:45:06

Our Universe and Chaotic Determinism.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 5 Pages. For further research and experiments to understand a New Physics beyond Standard Model.

The concept of absolute space and time from Newtonian outlook and the effects of relativistic dilated concepts in Quantum Physics .
Category: Classical Physics

[27334] viXra:1901.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 07:01:36

Thermal Relativity, Corrections to Black-Hole Entropy, Born's Reciprocal Relativity Theory and Quantum Gravity

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 19 Pages. Canadian Journal of Physics

Starting with a brief description of Born's Reciprocal Relativity Theory (BRRT), based on a maximal proper-force, maximal speed of light, inertial and non-inertial observers, we derive the $exact$ Thermal Relativistic $corrections$ to the Schwarzschild, Reissner-Nordstrom, Kerr-Newman black hole entropies, and provide a detailed analysis of the many $novel$ applications and consequences to the physics of black holes, quantum gravity, minimal area, minimal mass, Yang-Mills mass gap, information paradox, arrow of time, dark matter, and dark energy. We finalize by outlining our proposal towards a Space-Time-Matter Unification program where matter can be converted into spacetime quanta, and vice versa.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27333] viXra:1901.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 10:49:02

A Possible Variant of Herschelian Reflector

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I hypothesize a new Herschelian reflector using two parabola sections
Category: Classical Physics

[27332] viXra:1901.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 10:57:34

Evidence of Superconductivity Near Room Temperature

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers at the George Washington University have taken a major step toward reaching one of the most sought-after goals in physics: room temperature superconductivity. [41] NUS physicists have developed a methodology to control the electromigration of oxygen atoms in the buried interfaces of complex oxide materials for constructing high mobility oxide heterostructures. [40] This electronic super fluidity is a quantum state of matter, so it behaves in a very exotic way that is different from classical physics, Comin says. [39] The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27331] viXra:1901.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 11:06:48

Einstein – De Haas Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27330] viXra:1901.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 11:20:23

Nanolithography of Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35]
Category: Condensed Matter

[27329] viXra:1901.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 12:07:09

A Class of Non-autonomous and Nonlinear Singular Liénard Equations

Authors: Akim Boukola Yessoufou, Elémawussi Apédo Doutètien, Ayéna Vignon Régis Yehossou, Marc Delphin Monsia
Comments: 5 pages

A class of non-autonomous and nonlinear singular Liénard equation is developed by nonlocal transformation of the linear harmonic oscillator equation. It is shown that it includes some Kamke equations and a nonlinear equation of the general relativity as special cases.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[27328] viXra:1901.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:34:38

DNA Origami Antibody Effectiveness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Scientists at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, in collaboration with researchers at University of Oslo, Norway, have demonstrated the most accurate distance between densely packed antigens in order to get the strongest bond to antibodies in the immune system. [23] University of Arkansas physics researchers have developed a simple, cost-effective method to study the effects of chemicals on DNA which has potential to improve the development and testing of life-saving treatments. [22] Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27327] viXra:1901.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 14:00:49

Accelerated Relativistic Electric Field Charge,parity,time Symmetry.

Authors: Bryn.s.Cat
Comments: 4 Pages. Charge,Parity,Time Symmetry

How special relativity can be reinterpreted with Charge,Parity,Time Symmetry.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27326] viXra:1901.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 17:11:15

π Formula

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is π formula.
Category: General Mathematics

[27325] viXra:1901.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 18:10:54

Close-Coupling: Generating Function and Fokker-Planck for Coherent Multilevel Cascades (Quantum Walks)

Authors: Mark Syrkin
Comments: 12 Pages.

Close-coupling in quantum systems induces cascade transitions that are not captured by simple perturbation theories and hence more relevant and complex methods are needed. However, the analytic tractability of the latter is limited to just a few highly stylized models, e.g. equidistant infinite systems. Showing that properly adjusted key modeling parameters enable an extension of analytic solutions across more realistic cases (e.g. non-uniform level spacing and finite and asymmetric boundary conditions) arising in various experimental set-ups. Also demonstrating that the Fokker-Planck approach applied to probability amplitudes rather than to probabilities themselves – the latter being a traditional kinetics approach – produces coarse-grained amplitudes “smoothed” over the fine structure of an exact solution and driven by lower order terms in the generating function. Models and results presented here naturally overlap with algorithms of Quantum Walks related to quantum computing studies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27324] viXra:1901.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 23:21:31

The Logic of the Success/failure System

Authors: Dong-Yih Bau
Comments: 9 Pages.

Understanding the universe is a treasured pursuit of humanity. The success/failure system hypothesis (success/failure system) reflects the mesoscopic structure of the universe, just as quantum mechanics formalizes the microcosmos, and general relativity, the macrocosmos. Herein, we depict the logical analysis of the success/failure system using Einstein’s principle theory and apply Russell’s analytic philosophy to examine the logical structure of the universe critically. This paper has two goals. First, it aims to show that humanity is able to analyse the cosmos to reveal rationality or intelligence manifested in the universe, as demonstrated by the success/failure system. Second, it emphasizes that the success/failure system may need to be incorporated into our understanding of the cosmos or a final theory of our universe, which would become the triad of quantum mechanics, general relativity and success/failure system.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27323] viXra:1901.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:12:12

Interatomic Light Rectifier

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27322] viXra:1901.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:38:59

AI Help Retailers Understand Consumer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Our team at IBM Research – India collaborated with the IBM MetroPulse team to bring such first-of-a-kind, AI-driven capabilities to MetroPulse, an industry platform that brings together voluminous market, external and client datasets. [31] For people with hearing loss, it can very difficult to understand and separate voices in noisy environments. This problem may soon be history thanks to a new groundbreaking algorithm that is designed to recognise and separate voices efficiently in unknown sound environments. [30]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27321] viXra:1901.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:56:18

Supermassive Black Holes are Fed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[27320] viXra:1901.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 01:25:45

Organic Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have discovered a simple new tweak that could double the efficiency of organic electronics. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27319] viXra:1901.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 01:44:30

Chaos of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29] A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[27318] viXra:1901.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 04:07:42

New Quantum Gravity Theory and Rotation Curve of Galaxies

Authors: Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase
Comments: 8 Pages.

The rotation curve of galaxy is a graph of the rotational velocity of stars, gas and other bodies orbiting around the center of galaxy and their radial distance from the centre of galaxy. The orbital speeds of stars, gas and other bodies contained in the galaxy do not obey the rules found in the other orbital systems. Stars are orbiting around their galaxy's centre at equal or increasing speed over a large range of distances. In contrast, the orbital velocities of planets in solar system and moons orbiting around the planets decrease with distance. The galaxy rotation problem is the discrepancy between observed galaxy rotation curve and theoretical prediction based on the observed luminous or baryonic material or bodies. When mass profiles of galaxies are calculated from the distribution of stars and mass- to- light ratios in stellar disk, they do not match with the masses derived from the observed rotation curve and law of gravity. None of the existing theories including Newtonian gravity and general relativity can explain the Galaxy rotation curve correctly. The rotation curve of galaxies will be explained by using new quantum gravity developed by me.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27317] viXra:1901.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 05:57:21

Electromagnetic Wave Functions of CMB and Schwarzschild Spacetime

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 5 Pages.

In the general relativity theory, we find electro-magnetic wave functions of Cosmic Microwave Background and Schwarzschild space-time. Specially, this article is that electromagnetic wave equations are treated by gauge fixing equations in RobertsonWalker space-time and Schwarzschild space-time.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27316] viXra:1901.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 06:48:17

Chemical Effects on DNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

University of Arkansas physics researchers have developed a simple, cost-effective method to study the effects of chemicals on DNA which has potential to improve the development and testing of life-saving treatments. [22] Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Biochemistry

[27315] viXra:1901.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 07:12:50

Formation of Planets and Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Down a hallway in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), scientists study the workings of a machine in a room stuffed with wires and metal components. [39] Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38] A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37]
Category: Astrophysics

[27314] viXra:1901.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 07:51:33

New Ways to Twist and Shift Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The results from the National Physical Laboratory's (NPL) latest research in photonics could open doors to new quantum technologies and telecoms systems. [36] Researchers of the Institute of Photonic Integration of the Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) have developed a 'hybrid technology' which shows the advantages of both light and magnetic hard drives. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27313] viXra:1901.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 08:44:42

Mysterious Liquid Became All Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is the name for this mysterious substance so called because it was made up of quarks—the fundamental particles—and gluons, which physicist Rosi J. Reed describes as "what quarks use to talk to each other." [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP) – the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43]
Category: Astrophysics

[27312] viXra:1901.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 11:16:25

A Closed 2-Form in Spinorial Geometry

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 pages, written in english

We define a closed 2-form for any spinorial manifold. We deduce characteristic classes.
Category: Geometry

[27311] viXra:1901.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 11:22:18

Bar and Slave

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The interrelation of couple of simple initial words is disclose
Category: Linguistics

[27310] viXra:1901.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 14:34:13

Riemann Hypothesis Further, Another Counter Example? 0.4999977+i393939944.2571535368 

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 45 Pages.

I calculated it by looking for a counter example, but I can not determine whether this is a counter example or just a normal zero point and post it here. It is a different value from the previous counter example. I searched for points of higher value, but I could not find it for some reason. The point this time is near the previous point, is the number (the number axis) distorted only in this part? It can not be determined. zeta[0.4999977+i393939944.2571535368]= 1.207352408604089... × 10^-10 + 5.594055943503738... × 10^-11 i
Category: Number Theory

[27309] viXra:1901.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 15:15:58

Refutation of Hexagons of Opposition for Statistical Modalities

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

Abstract: We evaluate pragmatic hypotheses in the evolution of science as based on probabilistic squares and hexagons of opposition under coherence. Neither conjecture is tautologous, and hence both are refuted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[27308] viXra:1901.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 20:04:52

Riemann Hypothesis Further, Two More Counter Example? 0.4999977+i393939944.25715353678841792735 and 0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 50 Pages.

It is a different value from the previous counter example. I searched for points of higher value, but I could not find it for some reason. The point this time is near the previous point, is the number (the number axis) distorted only in this part? It can not be determined. zeta[0.4999977+i393939944.25715353678841792735]= -3.372108136572006... × 10^-19 + 4.002018173119188... × 10^-13 i and zeta[0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920]= -7.000197154138805... × 10^-19 - 2.848659916217643... × 10^-12 i
Category: Number Theory

[27307] viXra:1901.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 20:27:25

An Even Number Greater Than 2 Equals the Sum of Two Prime Numbers.

Authors: 1
Comments: 16 Pages.

On the contrary, if the natural number 2N is not equal to the prime number, On the contrary, prime numbers can only appear in odd numbers.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[27306] viXra:1901.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 20:53:49

Principle of Relativity

Authors: Vu Tuan Hiep
Comments: 16 Pages.

Here are some of my thoughts about some mistakes in Principle of relativity.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[27305] viXra:1901.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 01:42:48

Riemann Hypothesis Further, Three More Counter Example?

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 60 Pages.

Riemann hypothesis Further, three more counter example?
Category: Number Theory

[27304] viXra:1901.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 03:49:42

DNA Trace Ancient Ancestry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. [12] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27303] viXra:1901.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 03:57:54

Aliens and the Human Race

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

we're all alone here on Earth; get used to it
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[27302] viXra:1901.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 04:02:20

Deviation of a Ray of Light in a Gravitational Field.

Authors: Kirov
Comments: 7 Pages.

Fixed Zoldner calculation for deflection of a ray of light in a gravitational field. The result corresponds to the observed. Given a short method of calculation.
Category: Astrophysics

[27301] viXra:1901.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 04:36:17

Einstein's Theory of Gravity is Incorrect

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

It's obvious that Einstein's theory of gravity is unrealistic, but physicists fool themselves that it's realistic.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27300] viXra:1901.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 06:57:30

Internet of Things Devices Security

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 98 Pages.

As Americans increasingly buy and install smart devices in their homes, all those cheap interconnected devices create new security problems for individuals and society as a whole. [55] An international team of researchers led by ANU is helping to build a safe data superhighway for the highly anticipated quantum internet, which promises a new era of artificial intelligence and ultra-secure communication. [54] For the first time, researchers have succeeded in producing what are known as spin wave overtones. The technology paves the way for increasing the data transmission rate of wireless communication. [53] "This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[27299] viXra:1901.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 08:14:09

Intentionally Squashed Quantum Dots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Intentionally "squashing" colloidal quantum dots during chemical synthesis creates dots capable of stable, "blink-free" light emission that is fully comparable with the light produced by dots made with more complex processes. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems—donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27298] viXra:1901.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 08:53:59

The Origin of Jarlskog Invariant and Applications

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

The different size scales in Nature and CP violation lead to very simple our pre-Cosmos with left-handed polarization which has transformed into the left-handed internal helicity of the baryons - it solves the matter-antimatter asymmetry. The simplest grainy surface that can have internal helicity is the torus/charge/spin (or loop) with toroidal and poloidal speeds. Here we showed that the ratio of such speeds leads to both the Jarlskog invariant and a spilled half-jet in grainy spacetime (i.e. to an additional arrow of time) which is responsible for CP violation. The Jarlskog invariant allows you to calculate the lifetimes of the neutron and weakly decaying hyperons.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27297] viXra:1901.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 09:26:42

Holographic Color Printing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Researchers from the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) have invented a new type of anti-counterfeiting technology called holographic colour prints for securing important documents such as identity cards, passports and banknotes. [36] Holography is a powerful tool that can reconstruct wavefronts of light and combine the fundamental wave properties of amplitude, phase, polarization, wave vector and frequency. [35] Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[27296] viXra:1901.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 16:16:53

Dirac's Equation (And the Alleged Fourth Dimension)

Authors: Leonardo Rubino
Comments: 5 Pages.

This is a proof that the d’Alembert’s Wave Equation, that of Schrodinger, of Klein-Gordon and of Dirac are all related one another and show the oscillation of the universe. Moreover, the Klein-Gordon’s Equation gives us a three dimensional interpretation of either all relativistic fourth components or the rest energy.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27295] viXra:1901.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 17:30:02

Refutation of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (Rebt) and Logic-Based Therapy (LBT)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We instruct troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate seven definitions of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) using the implication operator. None is tautologous. Logic-based therapy (LBT), as based on REBT, is similarly refuted.
Category: Mind Science

[27294] viXra:1901.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 23:06:16

Q*cert – CoqTheoremProver[CTP]/OCaml as Bio-informatics Platform in the Context of Understanding Protein Folding Mechanisms

Authors: D.N.T.Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Technical Notes

Q*cert – CoqTheoremProver[CTP]/OCaml as Bio-informatics Platform in the Context of Understanding Protein Folding Mechanisms Based on General Purpose Libraries – A Simple Interesting Insight Into the Promising, Challenging & Interesting World of Protein Engineering and Applications.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[27293] viXra:1901.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 05:37:14

What is the Magnetic Moment of Electron Spin?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 6 Pages.

According to the unified theory of dynamic space the inductive-inertial phenomenon has been developed, forming the grouping units (namely electric charges or forms of the electric field). Moreover, with the surface electric charges of the electron cortex its inverse electric fields are formed. By the above phenomena the actual theoretical value of the magnetic dipole moment of electron spin is proved as equal to the experimental measurement.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27292] viXra:1901.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 05:47:25

Storm and Assault

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Probable etymology from Russian positions
Category: Linguistics

[27291] viXra:1901.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 06:25:53

Dark Objects

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 3 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Dark objects are field excitations that are caused by point-shaped actuators. The carrier field reacts with shock fronts. The effect of these excitations is so tiny that in isolation these phenomena cannot be observed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27290] viXra:1901.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 08:42:58

Syndromes Data Mining

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

With every news story, the concepts of data mining healthcare information move higher still up the research and policy agenda in this area. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27289] viXra:1901.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 09:17:53

Quantum Computer Like a Brain

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The human brain has amazing capabilities making it in many ways more powerful than the world's most advanced computers. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27288] viXra:1901.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 11:14:27

Einstein's Clock

Authors: Walter Orlov
Comments: 3 Pages.

The flexibility of time in the theory of relativity is achieved by unnatural behavior of the clock. Einstein assumes the existence of such a clock, which indicates more time than would have passed according to its speed. In nature there is no such clock. Therefore his assumptions should be reconsidered anew.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27287] viXra:1901.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 11:17:48

Index of Unfairness

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: Comments: 63 pages. Copyright © 2019 by Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved. Published by

Objective: Objective scientific knowledge for many authors more valuable than true subjective belief is determined by research on primary data but a renewed analysis of already recorded or published data is common too. Ever since, an appropriate experimental or study design is an important and often a seriously underappreciated aspect of the informativeness and the scientific value of any (medical) study. The significance of study design for the reliability of the conclusions drawn and the ability to generalize the results from the sample investigated for the whole population cannot be underestimated. In contrast to an inappropriate statistical evaluation of a medical study, it is difficult to correct errors in study design after the study has been completed. Various mathematical aspects of study design are discussed in this article. Methods: In assessing the significance of a fair study design of a medical study, important measures of publication bias are introduced. Methods of data or publication bias analysis in different types of studies are illustrated through examples with fictive data. Formal mathematical requirements of a fair study design which can and should be fulfilled carefully with regard to the planning or evaluation of medical research are developed. Results. Various especially mathematical aspects of a fair study design are discussed in this article in detail. Depending on the particular question being asked, mathematical methods are developed which allow us to recognize data which are self-contradictory and to exclude these data from systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses. As a result, different individual studies can be summed up and evaluated with a higher degree of certainty. Conclusions This article is intended to give the reader guidance in evaluating the design of studies in medical research even ex post which should enable the reader to categorize medical studies better and to assess their scientific quality more accurately. Keywords: study design, quality, study, study type, measuring technique, publication bias
Category: Statistics

[27286] viXra:1901.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 13:08:35

Topological Skyrme Model with Wess-Zumino Anomaly Term Has Colour Dependence in Quark Charges and Indicates Incompleteness of the Pure Skyrme Model

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 10 Pages.

The topological Skyrme has been actively studied in recent times (e.g. see Manton and Sutcliffe, Topological Solitons, Cam U Press, 2004) to understand the structure of the nucleons and the nucleus. Here through a consistent study of the electric charge, it is shown that just the Skyrme lagrangian by itself, gives charges as, Qp = 1/2 and Qn = − 1/2 ; shockingly missing their empirical values. This devastating problem is rectified, only by includig an extra term (not available at Skyrme’s time), arising from the Wess-Zumino anomaly. One then obtains Qu = 2/3 and Qd = − 1/3 , and thus giving the correct charges of the nucleon. It is also shown here (for the first time), that the combined Skyrme-Wess- Zumino lagrangian predicts, colour-number dependence of the electric charges as: Q(u) = 1/2(1 + 1/Nc ); Q(d) = 1/2(−1 + 1/Nc) for arbitrary colour-number of the QCD group SU(Nc). This gives 2/3 and -1/3 charges for Nc=3. Thus it is not good enough to just have the value of charges as 2/3 and -1/3. We show that it is important to have a proper colour dependence existing within the guts of the quark charges. Though the quarks have colour built into its guts, composite protons and neutrons built up of odd-number-of-colours of quarks, turn out to be colour-free with fixed values of 1 and 0 charges, respectively (and which is good for self-consistency of QCD+QED); while the proton and neutron built up of static (colour-independent) charges 2/3 and -1/3, develop explicit colour dependence (and which is disatrous for these models).
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27285] viXra:1901.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 13:55:00

Automated Brain Disorders Diagnosis Through Deep Neural Networks

Authors: Gabriel A. Maggiotti
Comments: 8 Pages.

In most cases, the diagnosis of brain disorders such as epilepsy is slow and requires endless visits to doctors and EEG technicians. This project aims to automate brain disorder diagnosis by using Artificial In- telligence and deep learning. Brain could have many disorders that can be detected by reading an Electroencephalography. Using an EEG device and collecting the electrical signals directly from the brain with a non- invasive procedure gives significant information about its health. Classi- fying and detecting anomalies on these signals is what currently doctors do when reading an Electroencephalography. With the right amount of data and the use of Artificial Intelligence, it could be possible to learn and classify these signals into groups like (i.e: anxiety, epilepsy spikes, etc). Then, a trained Neural Network to interpret those signals and identify evidence of a disorder to finally automate the detection and classification of those disorders found.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27284] viXra:1901.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 16:38:57

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 11

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 22 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Es erfolgen Berechnungen zur Winkelgeschwindigkeit und Leistung der Präzessionsbewegung sowohl für Kreisel mit fortlaufend horizontal kippender Achse, als auch für Kreisel mit einer fortlaufend horizontalen Achsverschiebung. Erklärt wird auch die resultierende Bewegungsänderung eines Kreisels bei nur einem wirkenden Impuls.
Category: Astrophysics

[27283] viXra:1901.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 17:06:30

Vacuum Energy Theory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 37 Pages.

Vacuum Energy Theory Basics: -Vacuum stores Energy (Space is Energy) -Vacuum stores Energy with different capacities (Space has different densities of Energy). -Vacuum with higher storing Capacity (Space with higher density of Energy) goes to upper location vertically relating to other Space Layers (as shown in the figure). -The solar group has 9 Space layers (Mercury Level is the highest Layer vertically) -Each Space Layer has different density of Energy (different Capacity) -Each Space layer stores Energy….from this Energy the planet matter is created and the layer rest Energy is used as potential energy which will transferred into Kinetic Energy to be used for this planet motion. -The relativistic effects (specifically Lorentz length contraction) leads to increase the Vacuum storing capacity of Energy (i.e. increase the Space density of Energy) -The Previous description explains why the solar group motions trajectory is in a pyramid form. -The solar group original Energy is provided by the Earth
Category: Astrophysics

[27282] viXra:1901.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 17:27:46

Archimedean Incircle of a Triangle

Authors: Hiroshi Okumura
Comments: 3 Pages.

We generalize several Archimedean circles, which are the incircles of special triangles.
Category: Geometry

[27281] viXra:1901.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 18:08:02

Reflection of Light From Moving Mirror

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 3 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The application of reflection symmetry to two inertial reference frames shows that the elapsed time is conserved in all inertial reference frames. The conservation of the elapsed time indicates that the reflection of light between a pair of stationary mirrors should take the same elapsed time in all inertial reference frames. In one reference frame, both mirrors are stationary. In other reference frames, both mirrors are moving. The distance traveled by the light between the moving mirrors depends on the direction. The conservation law shows that the light travels at a different speed upon reflection by a moving mirror.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27280] viXra:1901.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 23:49:00

Entropy Model for Dark Matter with Hidden Sector

Authors: Jebin larosh
Comments: 2 Pages.

This theoretical framework shows an entropy model of FRW universe and describes the behaviour of Lambda-CDM. The possibility that the Dark photon in a hidden sector is a Maxwell demon.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27279] viXra:1901.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 01:18:15

Exploration Geophysics at Home: Search for Minerals.

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: 12 Pages.

Exploration geophysics is an applied branch of geophysics, which uses physical methods, such as seismic, gravitational, magnetic, electromagnetic etc, to measure the physical properties of the subsurface. It is most often used to detect or infer the presence and position of economically useful geological deposits, such as ore minerals. The paper shows the results of a mineral search at a feldspar mine with contact rocks wich are rich in peculiar minerals. Nickel and silver mineral were analyzed in this locality, some of them yet unidentified.
Category: Geophysics

[27278] viXra:1901.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 02:43:07

Heterostructure Interface Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

NUS physicists have developed a methodology to control the electromigration of oxygen atoms in the buried interfaces of complex oxide materials for constructing high mobility oxide heterostructures. [40] This electronic super fluidity is a quantum state of matter, so it behaves in a very exotic way that is different from classical physics, Comin says. [39] The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27277] viXra:1901.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 04:53:17

Using Topology to Understand Protein Folding Mechanisms – An Approximate and Simple Suggestion in the Context of HOL/Scala/Java/JikesRVM/JVM.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Using Topology to Understand Protein Folding Mechanisms – An Approximate and Simple Suggestion in the Context of HOL/Scala/Java/JikesRVM/JVM. [HOL – Higher Order Logic]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[27276] viXra:1901.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 06:19:52

¿What is a Strange Attractor?

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 4 Pages.

This note presents a Strange Attractor
Category: Mathematical Physics

[27275] viXra:1901.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 06:22:54

Elements 5 : Three Trigonometric Identities

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

This note presents three trigonometric identities.
Category: Number Theory

[27274] viXra:1901.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 06:25:44

Una Integral Elemental

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

Esta nota muestra una integral elemental.
Category: General Mathematics

[27273] viXra:1901.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 06:28:59

Fractales Y Fórmulas

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 69 Pages.

Esta nota muestra una colección de fractales.
Category: General Mathematics

[27272] viXra:1901.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 06:31:41

Fractales : La Geometría del Caos

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 63 Pages.

Esta nota muestra una colección de fractales.
Category: Geometry

[27271] viXra:1901.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 07:25:46

Algebraic Invariants of Gravity

Authors: Hans Detlef Hüttenbach
Comments: 8 Pages. continued from: viXra:1804.0068

Newton's mechanics is simple. His equivalence principle is simple, as is the inverse square law of gravitational force. A simple theory should have simple solutions to simple models. A system of n particles, given their initial speed and positions along with their masses, is such a simple model. Yet, solving for n>2 is not simple. This paper discusses, why that is a difficult problem and what could be done to get around that problem.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[27270] viXra:1901.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 08:39:42

Bioenergy Production Using Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Using neutron scattering at ORNL, Ossler and Finney are investigating how biomasses degrade as they are exposed to extreme temperatures. [29] Light intentionally controlled in time, space and spectral content can reward not just human optics with better lighting but also can help regulate human health and productivity by eliciting various hormonal responses. [28] Scientists led by Johan Auwerx's lab at EPFL, have taken a different route, and studied the link between aging and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), which bind mRNA molecules and regulate their fate after gene transcription. [27]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27269] viXra:1901.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 09:49:04

The Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker Metric with a Constant Curvature Scalar

Authors: William O. Straub
Comments: 5 Pages.

The FLRW metric is derived for a constant curvature scalar, showing that pressure and density obey two distinct equations of state.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27268] viXra:1901.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 09:53:29

Feynman Diagrams of the QED Vacuum Polarization

Authors: Richard J. Mathar
Comments: 59 Pages.

The Feynman diagrams of Quantum Electrodynamics are assembled from vertices where three edges meet: an incoming fermion, an outgoing fermion and an interaction line. If all vertices are of degree 3, the graphs are 3-regular (cubic), defining the vacuum polarization diagrams. Cutting an edge -- a fermion line or an interaction line -- generates fairly cubic graphs where two vertices have degree 1. These emerge in the perturbation theory for the Green's function (self energy) and for the effective interaction (polarization). The manuscript plots these graphs for up to 8 internal vertices.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27267] viXra:1901.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 11:18:03

Spintronics Miracle Material

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27266] viXra:1901.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 11:56:27

Saving Energy Inside Transistors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27265] viXra:1901.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 13:01:38

Photonic Memory Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers of the Institute of Photonic Integration of the Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) have developed a 'hybrid technology' which shows the advantages of both light and magnetic hard drives. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[27264] viXra:1901.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 07:48:14

Overtones Faster Data Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

For the first time, researchers have succeeded in producing what are known as spin wave overtones. The technology paves the way for increasing the data transmission rate of wireless communication. [53] "This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit—the fundamental computing element of quantum computers—they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba—a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm—has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[27263] viXra:1901.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 07:56:39

A Rough Calculation Relating the Extremely Small Cosmological Constant to the Extremely Large QFT Vacuum Energy Density

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 3 Pages.

This enquiry follows the investigation into a propulsion system purportedly utilising the QED vacuum as reactive momenergy. The QFT vacuum is contentious because the “naïve” value for it is extraordinarily large, yet on the cosmic scale it is hardly present. This begs the question as to whether it is really real and further highlights the problem between General Relativity on very large scales, with Quantum Mechanics on very small scales. We find a mathematical procedure that: to the 1st order removes the “embarrassing” QFT vacuum constant from the Einstein tensor and then covers nearly all of the 120 orders of magnitude difference between the Cosmological Constant and Vacuum Energy by introducing it as an higher order correction in (G/c4)3. There is a proviso for further work, that the difference of a few orders we calculate, might be made up by considering fluctuations or running constants in the QFT vacuum and Cosmic Inflation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27262] viXra:1901.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 08:52:27

Classification Des Formes Quadratiques

Authors: BOUCHOUAT El Mehdi
Comments: 23 Pages.

La théorie des formes quadratiques est très vaste et dans ce mémoire je n'en mentionne qu'une très petite partie. Dans la première section, j'introduis les formes quadratiques et leurs formes bilinéaires associées et je présente quelques résultats généraux. La deuxième section est consacrée à la classification des formes quadratiques sur $\mathbb{C}$, $\mathbb{R}$, et sur les corps finis $\mathbb{F}_{q}$, et dans la troisième section je me concentre sur l'une des applications de la classification des formes quadratiques : La loi de réciprocité quadratique.
Category: Algebra

[27261] viXra:1901.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 09:23:48

Bifore Big Bang

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages

The article discusses the circumstances before the Big Bang. Only a photon can exist in such conditions. This article discloses a variant how the Universe can emerge from “nothing”.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27260] viXra:1901.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 09:42:56

Internet Data Superhighway

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 95 Pages.

An international team of researchers led by ANU is helping to build a safe data superhighway for the highly anticipated quantum internet, which promises a new era of artificial intelligence and ultra-secure communication. [54] For the first time, researchers have succeeded in producing what are known as spin wave overtones. The technology paves the way for increasing the data transmission rate of wireless communication. [53] "This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit—the fundamental computing element of quantum computers—they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba—a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm—has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[27259] viXra:1901.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 10:14:52

RNA-Binding Fight Aging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Scientists led by Johan Auwerx's lab at EPFL, have taken a different route, and studied the link between aging and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), which bind mRNA molecules and regulate their fate after gene transcription. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27258] viXra:1901.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 10:47:06

Machine Learning Anomalies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27257] viXra:1901.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 11:11:29

Engineered Light Improve Health

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Light intentionally controlled in time, space and spectral content can reward not just human optics with better lighting but also can help regulate human health and productivity by eliciting various hormonal responses. [28] Scientists led by Johan Auwerx's lab at EPFL, have taken a different route, and studied the link between aging and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), which bind mRNA molecules and regulate their fate after gene transcription. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27256] viXra:1901.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 12:15:43

Asperger's Syndrome and Psychological Type

Authors: Robert G. Chester
Comments: 24 Pages. First published in the Journal of Psychological Type, Issue 12, Dec. 06. Republished here with permission.

Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) is a form of autism which, in many cases, seems indistinguishable from certain of the Jungian/Myers’Briggs personality types. This article explores the relationship between AS and psychological type. Anecdotes on both sides of the question illuminate a review of the literature on AS and type. Direct and often conflicting quotations clarify and contrast these differing views of personality.
Category: Social Science

[27255] viXra:1901.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 21:01:16

Next to Nothing - a Single Paradigm

Authors: Mark C Marson
Comments: 18 Pages.

To gain true understanding of a subject it can help to study its origins and how its theory and practice changed over the years – and the mathematical field of calculus is no exception. But calculus students who do read accounts of its history encounter something strange – the claim that the theory which underpinned the subject for long after its creation was wrong and that it was corrected several hundred years later, in spite of the fact that the original theory never produced erroneous results. I argue here that both this characterization of the original theory and this interpretation of the paradigm shift to its successor are false. Infinitesimals, used properly, were never unrigorous and the supposed rigor of limit theory does not imply greater correctness, but rather the (usually unnecessary) exposition of hidden deductive steps. Furthermore those steps can, if set out, constitute a proof that original infinitesimals work in accordance with limit theory – contrary to the common opinion that the two approaches represent irreconcilable philosophical positions. This proof, demonstrating that we can adopt a unified paradigm for calculus, is to my knowledge novel although its logic may have been employed in another context. I also claim that non-standard analysis (the most famous previous attempt at unification) only partially clarified the situation because the type of infinitesimals it uses are critically different from original infinitesimals.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[27254] viXra:1901.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 02:03:58

A Simple Understanding of Computational Complexity Theory & Spin Glass Theory & Ising Models Classification Based on Mathematical Concepts Using AI/ML/DL/Python Software.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

A Simple Understanding of Computational Complexity Theory & Spin Glass Theory & Ising Models Classification Based on Mathematical Concepts Using AI/ML/DL/Python Software.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27253] viXra:1901.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 05:33:24

Refutation of a Modal Aleatoric Calculus for Probabilistic Reasoning: Extended Version

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We instruct troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate a modal aleatoric calculus for probabilistic reasoning using the assumption of probabilistic definitions as P(¬α) = 1−P(α). Five equations in Lemma 1 and its argument are tested. All equations are not tautologous, hence refuting the calculus.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[27252] viXra:1901.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 07:06:08

Information Processing Reimagining

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 91 Pages.

"This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit-the fundamental computing element of quantum computers-they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba-a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm-has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[27251] viXra:1901.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 07:49:28

3-D Photonic Topological Insulator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 92 Pages.

Physicists have also devised photonic topological insulators, synthetic materials that impart light waves with distinct topological features, allowing light (rather than electric currents) to flow via topological surface states. [53] "This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit—the fundamental computing element of quantum computers—they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba—a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm—has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27250] viXra:1901.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 08:52:52

Identifying Lower-Energy Neutrinos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

An experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermilab has made a significant advance in the detection of neutrinos that hide themselves at lower energies. [20] Although three types of neutrino are known, scientists are searching for a possible fourth—the sterile neutrino, whose existence has been teased but never clearly confirmed. [19] A pair of researchers with the Niels Bohr Institute in Denmark has come up with a possible explanation for the excess of electron neutrinos detected by researchers at the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. [18] The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27249] viXra:1901.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 09:14:26

The Modified Clifford Algebra

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

We propose here a modification of the Clifford algebra with relations using three vectors instead of two.
Category: Algebra

[27248] viXra:1901.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 09:26:11

Black Holes for Hyperspace Travel

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[27247] viXra:1901.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 09:48:56

Wireless Smartphone Charges

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 89 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Tokyo developed a new system to charge electronic devices such as smartphones and smartwatches wirelessly. [51] The ultrathin digital camera offers a wide field of view and high resolution in a slimmer body compared to existing imaging systems. [50] The special feature of the Kiel system is its extremely high temporal resolution of 13 femtoseconds. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[27246] viXra:1901.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 10:26:45

Conversion of Photons from Particles to Linked Waves and Back: a Hypothesis

Authors: Bruce A. Lutgen
Comments: 3 Pages.

In microphysics, how do photons behave like both waves and particles? It is called wave-particle duality. The wave-particle duality inference would appear to be counter intuitive. Are waves really a cluster of particles, as is often stated, yet like the waves that radiate in a disturbed pool of water as is often demonstrated? The answer to wave-particle duality may lie through the following proposed solid torus or possibly ellipsoid ringform field explanation, which is derived in part using classical physics. A solid torus or ellipsoid ringform hypothesis is contrary to string theory and at least to some extent accepted particle physics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27245] viXra:1901.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 11:23:26

On the C Constant

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

The c constant is as we know the speed of light and when large masses move at a speed near the speed of light its known that time should dilate till time passing actually ends up being zero now if we look at photons moving at the speed of light we could say that it has a c constant however there should be more to that because photons should time dilate too now when we look at the photons that should time dilate and it doesn't we could say that its because it’s the smallest mass or maybe even because its massless now when we look at bigger masses we find that the masses actually time dilate maybe because the masses have larger mass than photons so assuming that the photon is the base of all masses we could assume that particles having mass are the only ones that time dilate but the photon being the base of all masses we could say that a photon moves 1 m/s if the time increases to c or 3*10^8 s now when we look again we find that photons never change the distance it takes in one sec that is c more over time never dilates for photons because again it has a c constant meaning that if you dilate time you would end up increasing the distance by which the photon moves in one sec so if we look again we could say that photons do not experience time dilation but then this effects larger masses than the base of a photon now lets see the photon equations: C=3*10^8/1=3*10^8 m/s and c=3*10^8/3*10^8=1 m/s if time dilates for photons and if we take the c=1 or the second equation we could throw it onto the masses as we say that as the 1 kg mass moves at a distance of 1 m/s we would find that it takes the force that pushed the photon now imagine we give 3*10^8 the force that pushed the photon we get to the 1 kg moving at the speed of light and maximum time dilation now suppose we look at the largest mass in the universe at the middle of the universe it could be estimated to be of c*c*c=(3*10^8)^3 where the first c is the force and the second c the inertia the the last c the time dilation refutation
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27244] viXra:1901.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 14:25:29

The Charged Higgs-like Bosons Have Already Been Observed by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations

Authors: Mario Everaldo de Souza
Comments: 5 Pages. Submitted to Frontiers in Science

Taking into account a very solid quark compositeness model, based on the electrical charge densities of the nucleons found by R. Hofstadter, R. Herman, L. Durand and R. R. Wilson in the early 1960s, from which a new quantum number is deduced, and the experimental data on the Higgs boson obtained by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations, this article shows that these collaborations have already seen the charged Higgs-like bosons by means of the WW channel. The data also imply that the charged and neutral Higgs-like bosons have similar masses, and that the Higgs-like bosons have odd parity like the other fundamental bosons of Nature. The ratio between the productions of charged to neutral Higgs-like bosons is calculated.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27243] viXra:1901.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 14:48:01

Toward Unification

Authors: Alexandre Neto
Comments: 9 Pages.

A universe based on a fully deterministic, Euclidean, 4-torus cellular automaton is presented using a constructive approach. Each cell contains one integer number forming bubble-like patterns propagating at the speed of light, interacting and being reissued constantly. The collective behavior of these integers is conjectured to form patterns similar to classical and quantum physics, including the mass spectrum. Although essentially non-local, it preserves the non-signaling principle. This flexible model predicts that gravity is not quantized. Being a causal theory, it can potentially explain the emergence of the classical world and macroscopic observers.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27242] viXra:1901.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 15:44:40

Spin½ 'plane' & Simple

Authors: David Colasante
Comments: 6 Pages.

To fully characterize any spin requires identification of its primary spin axis and its plane of rotation. Classical presumptions obscure both for “intrinsic” spin. Here, Euclidean interval-time coordinates literally 'lift the veil' of space to reveal it. Probability amplitude is also physically realized.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27241] viXra:1901.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 20:45:39

Did Art by Western Front Soldier Predict the Russian Revolution? The Secret History of the ‘Guerra alla Guerra’ Peace Postcards

Authors: John Paull
Comments: 8 Pages.

The allegorical artwork ‘Guerra alla Guerrra’ (War against War) was created by the Italian-Australian artist Ernesto Genoni (1885-1975). It features a young woman wrapped in red and rising out of a battlefield. Her wrap billows over the war-scape to form a massive red flag. The work was published in 1916 as a postcard by the Milan-based Pro Umanità organisation headed by Rosa Genoni. During 1916, Ernesto Genoni enlisted as a volunteer in the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) and he served on the Western Front as a stretcher bearer. By the end of 1916 he had been plucked off the battlefield and conscripted into the Italian Army where he refused to take the oath of allegiance. He subsequently served time in several military prisons for insubordination and as a medical orderly in the Italian military hospital in Verona.The ‘Guerra alla Guerra’ postcards were sold in Italy and Australia to fund the war-relief work of Pro Umanità of feeding POWs and supporting widows and orphans in Europe in the wake of the catastrophe of the First World War. ‘Guerra alla Guerrra’ was prescient in that it appears to illustrate the spirit of revolution growing out of the devastation of war. The following year the Russian Revolution overthrew the Czarist regime (in 1917). By the close of WW1 in 1918 the talk of revolution and its threat to the ‘established order’ was rife throughout Europe. The original artwork has not been located. The postcard was reproduced for the 2018 centenary of the Armistice of 11 November 1918.
Category: Social Science

[27240] viXra:1901.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 02:14:53

A New Look Inside the Theory of the Linear Approximation: Gravity Assists and Flybys

Authors: Lluís Bel
Comments: 7 Pages.

Whitehead's description of the gravitational field of a static point mass source is equivalent to Schwarzshild's solution of Einstein's equations. Conveniently generalized in the framework of Special relativity, I proved that it leads to a new description of the linear approximation of General relativity with a color gage group symmetry. Here I introduce a new line of thought to discuss the problem of spacecrafts orbiting a planet taking into account its motion around the Sun or its proper rotation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27239] viXra:1901.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 02:36:15

A Parametric Equation of the Equation A^5 + B^5 = 2c^2

Authors: Quang Nguyen Van
Comments: 2 Pages.

The equation a^5 + b^5 = c^2 has no solution in integer. However, related to Fermat- Catalan conjecture, the equation a^5 + b^5 = 2c^2 has a solution in integer. In this article, we give a parametric equation of the equation a^5 + b^5 = 2c^2.
Category: Number Theory

[27238] viXra:1901.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 06:20:51

Word One Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The origin and reference value of the Russian word ONE is considered
Category: Linguistics

[27237] viXra:1901.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 07:43:35

Quantum Optic Networks Reality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 100 Pages.

The ability to precisely control the interactions of light and matter at the nanoscale could help such a network transmit larger amounts of data more quickly and securely than an electrical network. [59] Researchers in Italy have demonstrated the feasibility of quantum communications between high-orbiting global navigation satellites and a ground station, with an exchange at the single photon level over a distance of 20,000km. [58] Living cells, regardless of the type, can be kept around for a long time and because they move constantly, can be photographed repeatedly to create new encryption keys. [57] A new electronic device can developed at the University of Michigan can directly model the behaviors of a synapse, which is a connection between two neurons. [56] "The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/computer/" computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27236] viXra:1901.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 08:19:13

Geodesic Curve of a Gravitational Plane Wave Pulse and Curve of Particle

Authors: Karl De Paepe
Comments: 3 Pages.

We consider a system of a gravitational wave coming from infinity that collides with a mass M. The metric of the system approaches the metric of a gravitational plane wave pulse as the mass of M goes to zero. The metric of the gravitational plane wave pulse having a specific form. We show there is a limiting curve of M, as mass and size of M go to zero, that is not a geodesic curve. We show conservation of energy-momentum does not hold and there is no solution to the Einstein field equations for this system.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27235] viXra:1901.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 08:34:13

Artificial Neural Networks for Hearing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

For people with hearing loss, it can very difficult to understand and separate voices in noisy environments. This problem may soon be history thanks to a new groundbreaking algorithm that is designed to recognise and separate voices efficiently in unknown sound environments. [30] While researchers have taken steps to comprehensively catalogue the preferences of men and women, we still don't know which traits are the most important contributors to a person's attractiveness. [29] A group of researchers from MIT have already developed an AI robot that can assist in a labour room. [28] Researchers at Fukuoka University, in Japan, have recently proposed a design methodology for configurable approximate arithmetic circuits. [27] Researchers at Google have recently developed a new technique for synthesizing a motion blurred image, using a pair of un-blurred images captured in succession. [26] Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27234] viXra:1901.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 09:42:04

Tumors Measured by Brillouin Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

A team of physicists at the Institut Lumière Matière (CNRS/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1), in collaboration with the Cancer Research Center of Lyon (CNRS/INSERM/ Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1/Centre Léon Bérard/Hospices civils de Lyon), has demonstrated the potential of an imaging technique based only on the physical properties of tumors. [28] The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27233] viXra:1901.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 10:08:51

Real Time Blockchains

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 102 Pages.

Blockchains promise widescale open Internet applications that are organised decentrally, but this comes at the price of slow performance for every transaction processed by the system. [60] The ability to precisely control the interactions of light and matter at the nanoscale could help such a network transmit larger amounts of data more quickly and securely than an electrical network. [59] Researchers in Italy have demonstrated the feasibility of quantum communications between high-orbiting global navigation satellites and a ground station, with an exchange at the single photon level over a distance of 20,000km. [58] Living cells, regardless of the type, can be kept around for a long time and because they move constantly, can be photographed repeatedly to create new encryption keys. [57] A new electronic device can developed at the University of Michigan can directly model the behaviors of a synapse, which is a connection between two neurons. [56] "The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/computer/" computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[27232] viXra:1901.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 10:34:21

CRISPR-Based Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Using the CRISPR gene editing tool, Nikolay Kandul, Omar Akbari and their colleagues at UC San Diego and UC Berkeley devised a method of altering key genes that control insect sex determination and fertility. [29] A team of physicists at the Institut Lumière Matière (CNRS/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1), in collaboration with the Cancer Research Center of Lyon (CNRS/INSERM/ Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1/Centre Léon Bérard/Hospices civils de Lyon), has demonstrated the potential of an imaging technique based only on the physical properties of tumors. [28] The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27231] viXra:1901.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 11:13:12

Assuming ABC Conjecture is True Implies Beal Conjecture is True

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 5 Pages. A Proof of ABC conjecture is submitted to the Journal of Number Theory (2019). Comments Welcome.

In this paper, we assume that the ABC conjecture is true, then we give a proof that Beal conjecture is true. We consider that Beal conjecture is false then we arrive to a contradiction. We deduce that the Beal conjecture is true.
Category: Number Theory

[27230] viXra:1901.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 15:27:00

Space Has Different Densities of Energy

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract Hypothesis: Space is Energy and has different densities of Energy i.e. Not all spaces have the same energy density The Main Idea …. Let's summarize the main idea in following: 1-The space is Energy 2-The Space has different densities of Energy 3-The space of higher energy goes to upper level where the lower Energy Space is found in lower level 4-As we see in air or water… the higher temperature air goes to up but the lower temperature air goes down.. this process uses the medium (air or water) to transfer the energy but without medium the space itself behaves by this same mechanism where the space is Energy has different densities and tries to reach the balance point of his different energy levels. 5-Also we know that, the higher places have potential energy higher than the lower places which supports the same meaning that the space different densities of energy can be distinguished by different levels of space.. 6-Now let's suppose that, the planet uses the space potential energy by transferring it into kinetic energy for this planet motion… 7-So the planet is born from his space energy (his orbital distance energy) and moves by transferring this space potential energy into kinetic energy (and this explains the relationship which we have found between the planet diameter and orbital distance) 8-Based on that, Mercury is found on the most higher point (level) than any other planet and he's directly under the sun, and because of his very high position, his space potential energy is very high one where Mercury uses this high potential energy by transferring it into kinetic Energy by which Mercury moves (Mercury velocity is the highest one) 9-That means, each solar planet is found on different level relating to the other planets and based on his motion velocity. 10-i.e. Each solar planet occupies one step in stairs contains of 9 steps…. That means the solar group is in stair form and the sun is on Apex 11-Based on that, the solar planets motions trajectory must be in a pyramid form. 12-The previous idea makes the solar group motions is near to atom's particles motions which can lead to unify the physics theories.
Category: Astrophysics

[27229] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 16:20:29

The Emperor Has no Clothes: a Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 60 Pages.

This voluminous paper organizes all of my previous viXra papers in one volume – which might become a book if my intended co-author (Ines Urdaneta) will manage to structure, rationalize and clean up.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27228] viXra:1901.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 18:01:42

The Collapse of the Liemann Empire

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 5 Pages.

I tried to prove that(Riemann hypothesis), but I realized that I can not prove how I did it. When we calculate by the sum method of (1) we found that the nontrivial zero point will never converge to zero. Calculating ζ(2), ζ(3), ζ(4), ζ(5) etc. by the method of the sum of (1) gives the correct calculation result. This can be considered because convergence is extremely slow in the case of complex numbers, but there is no tendency to converge at all.
Rather, it tends to diffuse. In other words, it is inevitable to conclude that Riemann's hypothesis is a mistake. We will fundamentally completely erroneous ones, For 150 years, We were trying to prove it.   
Category: Number Theory

[27227] viXra:1901.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 00:16:39

A Resolution Of The Brocard-Ramanujan Problem

Authors: Johnny E. Magee
Comments: 7 Pages.

We identify equivalent restatements of the Brocard-Ramanujan diophantine equation, $(n! + 1) = m^2$; and employing the properties and implications of these equivalencies, prove that for all $n > 7$, there are no values of $n$ for which $(n! + 1)$ can be a perfect square.
Category: Number Theory

[27226] viXra:1901.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 01:40:30

The Perturbation Analysis of Low-Rank Matrix Stable Recovery

Authors: Jianwen Huang, Jianjun Wang, Feng Zhang, Hailin Wang
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper, we bring forward a completely perturbed nuclear norm minimization method to tackle a formulation of completely perturbed low-rank matrices recovery. In view of the matrix version of the restricted isometry property (RIP) and the Frobenius-robust rank null space property (FRNSP), this paper extends the investigation to a completely perturbed model taking into consideration not only noise but also perturbation, derives sufficient conditions guaranteeing that low-rank matrices can be robustly and stably reconstructed under the completely perturbed scenario, as well as finally presents an upper bound estimation of recovery error. The upper bound estimation can be described by two terms, one concerning the total noise, and another regarding the best $r$-approximation error. Specially, we not only improve the condition corresponding with RIP, but also ameliorate the upper bound estimation in case the results reduce to the general case. Furthermore, in the case of $\mathcal{E}=0$, the obtaining conditions are optimal.
Category: General Mathematics

[27225] viXra:1901.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 06:56:49

Two Laser Experiments

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

in this paper we will propose two laser experiments the first is to spin the laser at the speed of light and see whether the photons coming out of it still have the speed of light and the second experiment to make photons coming out of laser go for a long distance hitting mirrors for a very long distance probably good to do in cern and see whether the photons move at the speed of light while measuring with time the photons take to reach a distance of c or the speed of light
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27224] viXra:1901.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 07:05:35

Biologics Inside the Cell

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27223] viXra:1901.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 07:46:16

Circumnuclear Torus Chandra

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38] A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37] There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"—instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that re-create exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[27222] viXra:1901.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 08:18:30

Machine Predict Person's Attractiveness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

While researchers have taken steps to comprehensively catalogue the preferences of men and women, we still don't know which traits are the most important contributors to a person's attractiveness.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27221] viXra:1901.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 09:16:23

Elusive Fourth Kind of Neutrino

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Although three types of neutrino are known, scientists are searching for a possible fourth—the sterile neutrino, whose existence has been teased but never clearly confirmed. [19] A pair of researchers with the Niels Bohr Institute in Denmark has come up with a possible explanation for the excess of electron neutrinos detected by researchers at the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. [18] The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27220] viXra:1901.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 09:37:11

Hodge Experiment Photographs Quantified with a Color Function

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Hodge Experiment of the Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model is the Fraunhofer pattern from a first mask with a single slit impinges on a second mask. The pattern from a second mask slit and the pattern from an edge that differs only in the removal of one of the mask sides are compared. The second mask provides more to the screen pattern than only blocking light as wave models suggest. The second mask contributes to form the screen image as the STOE model suggests.
Category: Classical Physics

[27219] viXra:1901.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 09:37:03

Rovibrational Quantum State

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A central objective of chemical and molecular physics is to understand molecules as quantum mechanical systems. [30] After developing a method to control exciton flows at room temperature, EPFL scientists have discovered new properties of these quasiparticles that can lead to more energy-efficient electronic devices. [29] To build tomorrow's quantum computers, some researchers are turning to dark excitons, which are bound pairs of an electron and the absence of an electron called a hole. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27218] viXra:1901.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 11:41:57

Denial of the Alleged Łukasiewicz Nightmare in System Ł4

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We instruct troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

The alleged Łukasiewicz nightmare of (◇p&◇q)→◇(p&q) is not tautologous in Prover9; however, the equation recast in one variable as (◇p&◇~p)→◇(p&~p) is tautologous. In Meth8/VŁ4, both propositions are tautologous. This speaks for Meth8/VŁ4, based on the corrected modern Square of Opposition as an exact bivalent system, as opposed to Prover9, based on the uncorrected modern Square of Opposition as an inexact probabilistic vector space.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[27217] viXra:1901.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 17:38:49

Emergent Cosmology

Authors: Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay
Comments: 38 Pages.

In this work, we aim to unify statistical physics with relativity. As such, we construct a system of statistical physics under an appropriate equilibrium condition such that its Lagrange multipliers imply, instead of the usual uniform constant temperature, a uniform constant speed: the speed of light. With it, both special and general relativity are emergent from its equation of state and the system describes the statistical physics of space-time events as measured by observers. We show, as the main result, that the entropy dynamics of the system admits a plausible mechanism for the notoriously stubborn quantum measurement problem by proving that light traces a surface in space-time along which all observers agree on the results of all random measurements within the system. Finally, we make the case that the role normally taken by the uniform temperature is, in a statistical system of space-time events, replaced by the uniform speed of light, and we re-formulate the three laws of thermodynamics within this optic.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27216] viXra:1901.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 23:15:06

ALPHA: Applying a Light Touch?

Authors: David Colasante
Comments: 5 Pages.

The particle aspects of light are accommodated so well by the photon model that alternative models are rarely considered. Interval-time coordinates provide a Euclidean lens, through which light quanta are seen to exchange by direct, physical contact. The ALPHA collaboration at CERN is uniquely positioned to experimentally distinguish between the models.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27215] viXra:1901.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 00:25:47

The Spiral Proton by Numbers: Composite Angular Momentum, Mass Discrimination, and G-Factor as 1

Authors: Bruno R Galeffi
Comments: 5 Pages.

Angular momentum acquisition and spiral motion seems to drive particle creation. This process requires an initial momentum mivi having the ability to initiate spiral motion via quantized circular orbitals, while abiding by momentum conservation principles. This approach led to the discovery at [Ref1] that the proton was constructed from 2 opposing angular momenta S=ħ/2Φ and L=ħΦ/2 resulting in precisely ±ħ/2 (Φ=golden ratio). It is now found that S is linked to the proton charge, magnetic moment, and 11% of the mass via a rotating charged hollow sphere of radius 0.875 fm. On the other hand, L is associated with 89% of the proton mass centered within 0.23 fm radius. The angular velocity related to L is found 3.5 times that of S. The proton charge-to-energy ratio calculation leads to a surprising equivalence Coulomb vs. Joule.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[27214] viXra:1901.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 01:43:04

About Electron: a New Model

Authors: Francesco Ferrara
Comments: 6 Pages.

The document presents a model for the electron, different from the conventional one. The electron is represented as a current loop of 19.79 A. The document also explains the electrical nature of the inertia of a physical body
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27213] viXra:1901.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 03:46:50

Holographic Geometry Space-Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 1 Page.

Holographic the time and holographic principle
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27212] viXra:1901.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 06:50:26

Symbiotic Binary Variable Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37] There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"—instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that re-create exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33]
Category: Astrophysics

[27211] viXra:1901.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 07:04:33

Newer Holograhic Acoustic Tweezers (Hat)

Authors: George A Ranja
Comments: 53 Pages.

This newer holographic acoustic tweezers (HAT) system achieves simultaneous suspension of 2,500 objects in mid-air at the Max Planck Institute, making a new world record.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27210] viXra:1901.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 07:47:11

Future Average Of A Time Series Type Sequence

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel Future Average of a Time Series Type Sequence.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27209] viXra:1901.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 10:40:39

A Test of the Superposition Principle in Intense Laser Beams

Authors: Alexander Unzicker
Comments: 10 Pages.

A test of a nonlinear effect hitherto unknown in classical electrodynamics is proposed. For the possible nonlinearity to be observed, a high-intensity standing wave with circular polarization in a resonator is required. If the effect exists, an electric voltage should be induced between the mirros and an electric current can be measured. Motivation, quantitative expectations and the design of the experiment are discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[27208] viXra:1901.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 12:35:38

The Moon Orbit Triangle

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

The solar planets matters (diameters) are created based on geometrical rules The moon orbit triangle proves this fact.
Category: Astrophysics

[27207] viXra:1901.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 13:04:56

How Unsolved Problems in Orthodox Physics are Solved in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST)?

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 11 Pages.

To make it easier to confront unsolved problems in orthodox physics with the solutions proposed in the SST, we grouped problems in the same way as it is done in Wikipedia. Here we have very roughly described the way of solving the problem and refer to the SST literature where you can find more detailed qualitative and quantitative descriptions. Emphasize that SST is derived ab initio.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27206] viXra:1901.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 15:51:08

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 10

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 22 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Verdeutlicht wird, dass durch eine unterschiedliche Anzahl der Freiheitsgrade eines Kreisels auch unterschiedliche Berechnungsalgorithmen für die Winkelgeschwindigkeit der Präzessionsbewegung resultieren. Aufgezeigt werden auch die Unterschiede beim resultierenden Impuls der Präzessionsbewegung zwischen kippenden und parallel ausweichenden Kreiselachsen. Beschrieben wird zudem die Abhängigkeit der Präzessionsbewegung von der Größe der wirkenden Impulse.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[27205] viXra:1901.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 19:02:55

Up to So(32) Via Supersymmetry "Bootstrap"

Authors: Alejandro Rivero
Comments: Actually three similar versions of 3-4 pages each, and a coda.

A simple self-referencing postulate in the Chan-Paton factors of a string allows to fix some of the freedom in the landscape of SO(32) movel aspiring to be standard-model-like.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27204] viXra:1901.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 22:37:07

The Solution Cosmological Constant Problem.

Authors: J Foukzon, E R Men’kova, A A Potapov
Comments: 56 Pages.

The cosmological constant problem arises because the magnitude of vacuum energy density predicted by quantum field theory is about 120 orders of magnitude larger than the value implied by cosmological observations of accelerating cosmic expansion. We pointed out that the fractal nature of the quantum space-time with negative Hausdorff- Colombeau dimensions can resolve this tension. The canonical Quantum Field Theory is widely believed to break down at some fundamental high-energy cutoff and therefore the quantum fluctuations in the vacuum can be treated classically seriously only up to this high-energy cutoff. In this paper we argue that Quantum Field Theory in fractal space-time with negative Hausdorff-Colombeau dimensions gives high-energy cutoff on natural way. In order to obtain disered physical result we apply the canonical Pauli-Villars regularization up to . It means that there exist the ghost-driven acceleration of the univers hidden in cosmological constant.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27203] viXra:1901.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 05:22:44

How Does a Light-Mill Work?

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 4 Pages.

This answer to the Frequently Asked Question first appeared in the Usenet Physics FAQ in 1997.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[27202] viXra:1901.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 07:31:50

Holographic Acoustic Tweezers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

A holographic acoustic tweezers (HAT) system has been used to suspend up to 25 objects in mid-air simultaneously. [36] Holography is a powerful tool that can reconstruct wavefronts of light and combine the fundamental wave properties of amplitude, phase, polarization, wave vector and frequency. [35] Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[27201] viXra:1901.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 09:42:02

Guide Stars for Telescopes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"-instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that recreate exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[27200] viXra:1901.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 10:13:15

Monoidal Structures of Logic

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in french

The tables of truth are relations of a monoid M.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[27199] viXra:1901.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 10:49:28

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 9

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 21 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Es wird zudem verdeutlicht, dass durch eine unterschiedliche Anzahl der Freiheitsgrade eines Kreisels auch unterschiedliche Berechnungsalgorithmen für die Winkelgeschwindigkeit der Präzessionsbewegung resultieren. Aufgezeigt werden auch die Unterschiede beim resultierenden Impuls der Präzessionsbewegung zwischen kippenden und parallel ausweichenden Kreiselachsen.
Category: Classical Physics

[27198] viXra:1901.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 10:51:51

Can a Human Brain be a Quantum Computer?

Authors: Oleg Kupervasser, Roman Yavich
Comments: 8 Pages. presented at World Quantum Physics Congress 10-13 Dec 2018 (WQPC 2018) Stockholm, Sweden

This paper is based on the book (O. Kupervasser, Application of New Cybernetics in Physics, Elsevier, 2017). Human brain has very powerful intellect. Indeed, it seems that its intellectual possibilities are much more than possibilities of usual computers using genetic algorithm and random search (A.S. Potapov, Artificial Intellect and Universal Intelligence, Polytechnics, Saint Petersburg, 2012 (in Russian).). Our brain has also such especial property as consciousness. Some researchers suppose that these properties are a result of special structures of brain. Really, may be our brain is a quantum computer (R. Penrose, The Emperor’s New Mind, Oxford University Press, New York, 1989, R. Penrose, Shadows of the Mind, Oxford University Press, New York, 1994)? We know that a quantum computer is highly parallel device with principally insuperable protection from external observation. A quantum computer can resolve some tasks that are inaccessible for usual computers. However, it can be demonstrated that continuous unstable classical computer has the same properties as a quantum computer (O. Kupervasser, Application of New Cybernetics in Physics, Elsevier, 2017). Moreover, it seems that the main properties of a brain (powerful intellect and consciousness) can be explained by invisible correlation with surround world. Similarly, clock’s gear wheel very accurately operates in spite of absence of any intellect only because the gear wheel is a part of the highly correlated clock. We usually suppose that our world is some random set of low correlated events. However, the world, may be, is some highly correlated device (L. Susskind, J. Lindesay, An Introduction to Black Holes, Information and the String Theory Revolution: The Holographic Universe, World Scientific Publishing Company, 2004). And human beings are its “gear wheels”. It seems that Big Bang theory suppose such point of view. This pure philosophical reasonings can lead to some practical conclusions. We suppose to use instead of usual random search for computers some random number generators which are in complex correlations with surround world. It can give to computers some prototype of the such especial “human intuition”, described above.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27197] viXra:1901.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 11:48:40

How Two Lobed Asteroids and Comets are Formed: An Alternative to Dogma Concerning Ultima Thule

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 hand drawn illustration

A drawing was made to show how two lobed asteroids and comets are formed. What happens is that two pre-existing objects slam into each other, making a large crown of debris that is liquefied. This liquefied debris then cools too fast to be completely rounded by gravitation. It is similar to a water droplet splash crown. Any accretion theory needs gravitational bodies strong enough to hold onto the material after any collision, and since asteroids and comets are mostly solitary, it means they were impact remains between objects that did not have strong enough gravitational fields to hold onto the debris. It also means that asteroid guts from the same collision are scattered throughout the galaxy. Ultima Thule is probably extrasolar in nature, and has nothing to do with the formation of a planet/star, it has to do with the destruction of its remains.
Category: Astrophysics

[27196] viXra:1901.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 12:18:32

Visual Navigation for Airborne Control of Ground Robots from Tethered Platform: Creation of the First Prototype

Authors: Ilan Ehrenfeld, Max Kogan, Oleg Kupervasser, Vitalii Sarychev, Irina Volinsky, Roman Yavich, Bar Zangbi
Comments: 11 Pages.

We propose control systems for the coordination of the ground robots. We develop robot efficient coordination using the devices located on towers or a tethered aerial apparatus tracing the robots on controlled area and supervising their environment including natural and artificial markings. The simple prototype of such a system was created in the Laboratory of Applied Mathematics of Ariel University (under the supervision of Prof. Domoshnitsky Alexander) in collaboration with company TRANSIST VIDEO LLC (Skolkovo, Moscow). We plan to create much more complicated prototype using Kamin grant (Israel)
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27195] viXra:1901.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 12:42:49

Autopilot to Maintain Movement of a Drone in a Vertical Plane at a Constant Height in the Presence of Vision-Based Navigation

Authors: Alexander Domoshnitsky, Max Kogan, Oleg Kupervaser, Roman Yavich
Comments: 20 Pages. 14th IFAC WORKSHOP ON TIME DELAY SYSTEMS 2018 June 28-30 Budapest, Hungary

In this report we describe correct operation of autopilot for supply correct drone flight. There exists noticeable delay in getting information about position and orientation of a drone to autopilot in the presence of vision-based navigation. In spite of this fact, we demonstrate that it is possible to provide stable flight at a constant height in a vertical plane. We describe how to form relevant controlling signal for autopilot in the case of the navigation information delay.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27194] viXra:1901.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 13:21:41

Fragile DNA Regions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27193] viXra:1901.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 13:43:15

Machine Learning Metabolic Processes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Bioinformatics researchers at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU) and the University of California at San Diego (UCSD) are using machine learning techniques to better understand enzyme kinetics and thus also complex metabolic processes. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27192] viXra:1901.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 14:50:50

Geniuses and Idiots

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

One example of the idiotic statement.
Category: Education and Didactics

[27191] viXra:1901.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 15:38:52

Common Crime Scrutiny and Prediction in Cyprus

Authors: Collins Ugo, Lambros Kaoullas
Comments: 8 Pages. european university cyprus

Crime Scrutiny is a wonder approach for identifying patterns and relationships in crime. Our method would predict areas which have high chances of crime occurrence in Cyprus and can be called crime prone areas in Cyprus. Using the help of data mining we can come up with useful information from unstructured data or data that have yet to make any sense. Here we use the approach of data science and justice system to develop a data mining method that can help us solve some crimes in a faster manner for reasons of securing time. Using the old method which is checking criminal upbringing of involved persons in crime, our method is just going to focus on we statistically data of crimes committed yearly or at a particular time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[27190] viXra:1901.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 16:31:57

Riemann Hypothesis (Do They Really Converge to 0?)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 20 Pages.

2^s/(2^-1)*3^s/(3^-1)*5^s/(5^s-1)*7^s/(7^s-1)……… Whether the above equation converges to 0 was verified. Convergence is extremely slow, and divergence tendency was rather rather abundant when the prime number was 1000 or more. It was thought that the above equation could possibly be an expression that can be composed only of real numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[27189] viXra:1901.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 19:27:55

Cellular Automaton Graphics(5)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 66 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[27188] viXra:1901.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 02:38:41

A Contagious Error Voids Bell (1964), Etc.

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 4 Pages.

Elementary instance-tracking identifies a contagious error in Bell (1964). To wit, against his own advice: in failing to match instances, Bell voids his own conclusions. The contagion extends to CHSH (1969), Griffiths (1995), Peres (1995), Aspect (2004), etc.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27187] viXra:1901.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 07:11:35

Luminous Gamma-Ray Detected

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[27186] viXra:1901.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 07:39:51

Is Glass Liquid or Solid?

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 8 Pages. originally published in the Physics FAQ 1997, also in Glass Worldwide, 2007

It is sometimes said that glass in very old churches is thicker at the bottom than at the top because glass is a liquid, and so over several centuries it has flowed towards the bottom. This is not true. In Mediaeval times panes of glass were often made by the Crown glass process. A lump of molten glass was rolled, blown, expanded, flattened and finally spun into a disc before being cut into panes. The sheets were thicker towards the edge of the disc and were usually installed with the heavier side at the bottom. Other techniques of forming glass panes have been used but it is only the relatively recent float glass processes which have produced good quality flat sheets of glass. Nevertheless, the frequently asked question “Is glass liquid or solid?” is not so straightforward to answer. To do so we have to understand its thermodynamic and material properties.
Category: Condensed Matter

[27185] viXra:1901.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 07:47:18

Fast, Tiny Controllable Magnetic Bits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 97 Pages.

In separate papers published this month in the journals Nature Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, researchers in the group of MIT Professor Geoffrey S.D. Beach and colleagues in California, Germany, Switzerland, and Korea, showed that they can generate stable and fast moving skyrmions in specially formulated layered materials at room temperature, setting world records for size and speed. [53] Researchers from MIT and elsewhere have recorded, for the first time, the "temporal coherence" of a graphene qubit-meaning how long it can maintain a special state that allows it to represent two logical states simultaneously. [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit-the fundamental computing element of quantum computers-they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba-a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm-has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27184] viXra:1901.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 08:10:20

Quantum Spin Liquid Pathway

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

With potential roles in quantum computation, high-temperature superconductivity and a range of exotic anyonic states, why quantum spin liquids (QSLs) attract interest is no great mystery. [31] Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson. [30] Electrons in graphene-an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike-move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27183] viXra:1901.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 08:41:01

Commonsense Reasoning, Commonsense Knowledge, and the SP Theory of Intelligence

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 63 Pages.

Commonsense reasoning (CSR) and commonsense knowledge (CSK) (together abbreviated as CSRK) are areas of study concerned with problems which are trivially easy for adults but which are challenging for artificial systems. This paper describes how the "SP System" -- meaning the "SP Theory of Intelligence" and its realisation in the "SP Computer Model" -- has strengths and potential in several aspects of CSRK. Some shortcomings of the system in that area may be overcome with planned future developments. A particular strength of the SP System is that it shows promise as an overarching theory for four areas of relative success with CSRK problems -- described by other authors -- which have been developed without any integrative theory. How the SP System may help to solve four other kinds of CSRK problem is described: 1) how the strength of evidence for a murder may be influenced by the level of lighting of the murder as it was witnessed; 2) how people may arrive at the commonly-accepted interpretation of phrases like "water bird"; 3) the interpretation of the horse's head scene in "The Godfather" film; and how the SP System may help to resolve the reference of an ambiguous pronoun in sentences in the format of a 'Winograd schema'. Also described is why a fifth CSRK problem -- modelling how a chef may crack an egg into a bowl -- is beyond the capabilities of the SP System as it is now and how those deficiencies may be overcome via planned developments of the system.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27182] viXra:1901.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 09:04:44

Brain Tissue Viscolasticity & EEG Oscillations: Towards Novel Drugs for ALZHEIMER’S Disease

Authors: Arturo Tozzi
Comments: 9 Pages.

Here we provide an effort to physically correlate two underrated features of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), i.e., changes in brain tissue’s viscoelasticity and increased power in the low-frequency EEG bands. Indeed, the brain displays less stiffness in AD than in normal individuals, making the brain of diseased subjects more “liquid”. Because electric waves propagate more slowly in less solid mediums, we hypothesize that the EEG waves’ reduction detected in AD could be correlated with the pathological viscoelastic alterations of the impaired brain tissues. We provide the mathematical apparatus to test our hypothesis, showing that the theoretically predicted electric oscillations’ decrease in less viscoelastic mediums matches the reduced stiffness detected in real brain tissues from AD patients. We conclude with a testable hypothesis: the use of drugs able to modify and restore the proper brain viscoelastic features might provide a useful therapeutic tool able to quicken EEG electric waves’ frequencies, thus contributing to improve AD symptoms.
Category: Mind Science

[27181] viXra:1901.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 09:18:53

Excitons for Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

After developing a method to control exciton flows at room temperature, EPFL scientists have discovered new properties of these quasiparticles that can lead to more energy-efficient electronic devices. [29] To build tomorrow's quantum computers, some researchers are turning to dark excitons, which are bound pairs of an electron and the absence of an electron called a hole. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19] The cutting edge of data storage research is working at the level of individual atoms and molecules, representing the ultimate limit of technological miniaturisation. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27180] viXra:1901.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 10:23:00

Hidden Spin for High-Temperature Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Now, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have unveiled a clue into the cuprates' unusual properties—and the answer lies within an unexpected source: the electron spin. [40] This electronic super fluidity is a quantum state of matter, so it behaves in a very exotic way that is different from classical physics, Comin says. [39] The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38] Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have carried out high-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering and have found that high uniaxial pressure induces a long-range charge order competing with superconductivity. [37] Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors-materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss-have entered a new regime. [36] Now, in independent studies reported in Science and Nature, scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University report two important advances: They measured collective vibrations of electrons for the first time and showed how collective interactions of the electrons with other factors appear to boost superconductivity. [35] At the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a group, led by Jimmy Williams, is working to develop new circuitry that could host such exotic states. [34] The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27179] viXra:1901.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 10:47:45

Simulators of Super-Dense Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that recreate exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[27178] viXra:1901.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 11:35:20

Relation Between the Euler Totient, the Counting Prime Formula and the Prime Generating Functions

Authors: Nazihkhelifa
Comments: 4 Pages.

Relation between The Euler Totient, the counting prime formula and the prime generating Functions The theory of numbers is an area of mathematis hiih eals ith the propertes of hole an ratonal numbers... In this paper I ill intro uie relaton bet een Euler phi funiton an prime iountnn an neneratnn formula, as ell as a ioniept of the possible operatons e ian use ith them. There are four propositons hiih are mentone in this paper an I have use the efnitons of these arithmetial funitons an some Lemmas hiih refeit their propertes, in or er to prove them
Category: Number Theory

[27177] viXra:1901.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 13:46:40

The Clockwise Spin

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

The clockwise spin in electrons and protons is probably the reason why they have attracting charges because when we look at a bigger scale we find that electrons spin around the protons in clockwise direction too and when we look at a bigger scale we find that planets spin clockwise too around themselves also when we look at a bigger scale we find that moons spin around planets in clockwise direction probably the reason this happens is because there are two interacting masses here namely the electrons and protons or the planet and moons those two masses spinning in the clockwise direction while one is spinning in clockwise direction around the other only and the bigger mass is not meaning that the bigger one is not spinning around the other while the smaller mass is spinning for example if we look at two masses that are equal in mass as two neutron stars we would find that both of them is spinning around the other leading to higher spin velocity around the other but with distance or radius around each other loss but in other systems where the two masses are not equal we find that the radius is kept under time easily i actually have the ability to write better physics paper now and sine i do not remember my last account password i will not delete papers anymore so all papers from now are not garbage except ofcourse for the method to find pi paper
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27176] viXra:1901.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 17:33:47

SCHRÖDINGER'S Cat-Clarifications

Authors: Leonardo Rubino
Comments: 4 Pages.

In quantum mechanics and in modern physics in general, the observer is often held as not really an entity which has nothing to do with the experiment, as it could happen in a classic environment more than a hundred years ago, but still as an entity which starts affecting the experiment only when, at the end of the experiment itself, he wears a white overall and starts carrying out measurements. On the contrary, the observer is part of the experiment since the beginning.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[27175] viXra:1901.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 00:45:19

Theory of Natural Ontology: 2. Horizon Generators and Superphase Evolutions

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 26 Pages.

Applying neutrally to everything of being in physical states, this manuscript gives birth to a newborn scientific theory of Natural Ontology, which is scoped at Superphase Dynamics and developed for horizon infrastructure of physical world with principles of evolutional events or classically known as dark energy. As the groundbreaking, it reveals exceptional intrinsics of the universe, prevailing over and unifying with modern physics of Gauge Theory, Quantum physics of Electrodynamics and Chromodynamics, Spontaneous Field Breaking, Standard Model, cosmology, and beyond, orchestrating all types of life events essential to the operations and processes of creation, annihilations, reproduction and communication for physical formations and virtual evolutions. 


Category: Quantum Physics

[27174] viXra:1901.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 23:31:32

Smoke Detection: Revisit the PCA Matting Approach

Authors: Md. Mobarak Hossain
Comments: 11 Pages. Working Paper

This paper revisits a novel approach, PCA matting, for smoke detection where the removal of the effect of background image and extract textural features are taken into account. This article considers an image as linear blending of smoke component and background component. Under this assumption this paper discusses a model and it's solution using the concept of PCA.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27173] viXra:1901.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 04:31:26

Controlling Cosmological Rotation Reversals

Authors: Moninder Singh Modgil
Comments: 2 pages

Existence of a Cosmic String, going vertically upwards from the north pole, can be verified by flying around it in circles and measuring the associated Aharonov-Bohm effect \cite{Belluci 2014}. The cosmic string plays a pivotal role in rotation of universe around/over the stationary earth \cite{Modgil 2018 c}. Anthropogenic thermal up currents over the north pole, would interact with the cosmic string - winding around it and effecting its rotational state. Such up currents can be generated by the heat from the nuclear reactors on north pole \cite{Modgil 2002, Modgil 2008, Modgil 2011}. This gives an anthropic engineering control over the cosmological rotation reversals. Nuclear submarines surfacing by breaking through the polar ice cap, - heating sea water, - converting it into steam - and releasing it into the polar atmosphere - are a possible way to achieve this.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27172] viXra:1901.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 07:55:31

Ferent Equation of the Human Body

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 277 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

Ferent equation of the Human body Ferent equations of the Universe can be applied to any quantum system which contains Matter, Dark Matter and Spiritual Matter. This means Ferent equations of the Universe can be applied to our Milky Way galaxy, to our planet, to human body… Human body The human body is a quantum system composed of Matter, Dark Matter and Spiritual Matter. Spiritual body The aura is the energetic field that surrounds the human body as well as every organism and object in the universe. We see paintings of Christian saints with a circle of white or yellow light around their heads, or angels with their halos; this is the way how people imagined the energetic field of the human body. In Christianity, the apostle Paul introduced the concept of the spiritual body, (1 Corinthians 15:44), describing the resurrection body as ‘spiritual’. The aura is made up of several layers of subtle energy. The Spiritual body is made of Spiritual Matter evolving in time. The most general form of the time-dependent Ferent equation of the Human body. “Ferent equation of the Human body: “ Adrian Ferent Where: |Ψ(r,t)> – is the state vector of the Human body r and t are the position vector and time h – is the Planck constant a – is the Ferent constant s – is the Spiritual constant The Spiritual body is made of Spiritual Matter, composed of S spiritual elementary particles evolving in time. The time-dependent Ferent equation of the Human body, which gives a description of the Human body as quantum system, made of Matter, P elementary particles, Dark Matter, R elementary particles, and Spiritual Matter, S elementary particles, evolving in time. “Ferent equation of the Human body: “ Adrian Ferent Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Human body m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k r1P – the position of Matter elementary particle P r2R – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle R r3S – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle S The solution to the Ferent equations is the wave function: Ψ. The information about the quantum system is contained in the solution to Ferent equations, the wave function Ψ. The square of the absolute value of the wave function, | Ψ |2 is interpreted as a probability density. Ferent equations are Deterministic, because if I know the wave function at a moment in time I can determine the wave function later in time. The clerics are ignorant in science and the scientists are ignorant in spirituality. That is why science of spirituality is not accepted in universities, in peer-reviewed journals, as Nobel Prize… Scientists from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences were not able to discover a Transdisciplinarity equation or an equation to link Matter with Spiritual Matter. The greatest scientists tried to unify Science and Spirituality and to write a Transdisciplinarity equation without success. It is not easy to understand both Science and Spirituality. My Father helped me to understand Science and my Mother helped me to understand Spirituality. I am the first who discovered a Transdisciplinarity equation; the Ferent equation of the Soul. “Ferent equation of the Soul:” Adrian Ferent 162. I am the first who discovered the Ferent equation of the Human body
Category: Physics of Biology

[27171] viXra:1901.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 08:54:23

Antimatter Universe Partner

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/black+holes/" black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23]
Category: Astrophysics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[10827] viXra:1901.0193 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-13 18:40:10

Riemann Hypothesis Further, Two More Counter Example? 0.4999977+i393939944.2571535368  and 0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 50 Pages.

I calculated it by looking for a counter example, but I can not determine whether this is a counter example or just a normal zero point and post it here. It is a different value from the previous counter example. I searched for points of higher value, but I could not find it for some reason. The point this time is near the previous point, is the number (the number axis) distorted only in this part? It can not be determined. zeta[0.4999977+i393939944.25715353678841792735]= -3.372108136572006... × 10^-19 + 4.002018173119188... × 10^-13 i and zeta[0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920]= -7.000197154138805... × 10^-19 - 2.848659916217643... × 10^-12 i
Category: Number Theory

[10826] viXra:1901.0192 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 18:02:34

Refutation of Hexagons of Opposition for Statistical Modalities

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: We evaluate pragmatic hypotheses in the evolution of science as based on probabilistic squares and hexagons of opposition under coherence. Neither conjecture is tautologous, and hence both are refuted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[10825] viXra:1901.0191 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-16 03:53:31

Riemann Hypothesis 5 Counter Examples

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 11 Pages.

It presents counter exsample which is close to 0.5 of 5 Riemann expectations but not 0.5. Regardless of how they are calculated, they are all found in the same area for some reason. I could not find it in other areas. This is considered only because the number axis is distorted in this area. zeta[0.5000866+i393939939.3731193515534038924]= -1.60917723458557... × 10^-18 - 1.428779604546702... × 10^-11 i and zeta[0.4999977+i393939944.25715353678841792735]= -3.372108136572006... × 10^-19 + 4.002018173119188... × 10^-13 i and zeta[0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920]= -7.000197154138805... × 10^-19 - 2.848659916217643... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999944+i393939958.90878694741368323631]= 9.30660314868779... × 10^-19 + 1.342928180878699... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999964+i393939964.659437163857861]= -5.914628349384624... × 10^-16 + 6.504227267123851... × 10^-13 i
Category: Number Theory

[10824] viXra:1901.0191 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 23:47:56

Riemann Hypothesis 5 Counter Examples

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 60 Pages.

It presents counter exsample which is close to 0.5 of 5 Riemann expectations but not 0.5. Regardless of how they are calculated, they are all found in the same area for some reason. I could not find it in other areas. This is considered only because the number axis is distorted in this area. zeta[0.5000866+i393939939.3731193515534038924]= -1.60917723458557... × 10^-18 - 1.428779604546702... × 10^-11 i and zeta[0.4999977+i393939944.25715353678841792735]= -3.372108136572006... × 10^-19 + 4.002018173119188... × 10^-13 i and zeta[0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920]= -7.000197154138805... × 10^-19 - 2.848659916217643... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999944+i393939958.90878694741368323631]= 9.30660314868779... × 10^-19 + 1.342928180878699... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999964+i393939964.659437163857861]= -5.914628349384624... × 10^-16 + 6.504227267123851... × 10^-13 i
Category: Number Theory

[10823] viXra:1901.0181 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 13:42:22

The Origin of Jarlskog Invariant and Applications

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 7 Pages.

The different size scales in Nature and CP violation lead to very simple our pre-Cosmos with left-handed polarization which has transformed into the left-handed internal helicity of the baryons - it solves the matter-antimatter asymmetry. The simplest grainy surface that can have internal helicity is the torus/charge/spin (or loop) with toroidal and poloidal speeds. Here we showed that the ratio of such speeds leads to both the Jarlskog invariant and a spilled half-jet in grainy spacetime (i.e. to an additional arrow of time) which is responsible for CP violation. The Jarlskog invariant allows you to calculate the lifetimes of the neutron and weakly decaying hyperons.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10822] viXra:1901.0176 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-15 11:54:06

What is the Magnetic Moment of Electron Spin?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 6 Pages.

According to the unified theory of dynamic space the inductive-inertial phenomenon has been developed, forming the grouping units (namely electric charges or forms of the electric field). Moreover, with the surface electric charges of the electron cortex its inverse electric fields are formed. By the above phenomena the actual theoretical value of the magnetic dipole moment of electron spin is proved as equal to the experimental measurement.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[10821] viXra:1901.0151 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-13 14:02:11

Algebraic Invariants of Gravity

Authors: Hans Detlef Hüttenbach
Comments: 8 Pages. Minor correction

Newton's mechanics is simple. His equivalence principle is simple, as is the inverse square law of gravitational force. A simple theory should have simple solutions to simple models. A system of n particles, given their initial speed and positions along with their masses, is such a simple model. Yet, solving for n>2 is not simple. This paper discusses, why that is a difficult problem and what could be done to get around that problem.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[10820] viXra:1901.0143 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-11 06:43:36

A Rough Calculation Relating the Extremely Small Cosmological Constant to the Extremely Large QFT Vacuum Energy Density

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 3 Pages.

This enquiry follows the investigation into a propulsion system purportedly utilising the QED vacuum as reactive momenergy. The QFT vacuum is contentious because the “naïve” value for it is extraordinarily large, yet on the cosmic scale it is hardly present. This begs the question as to whether it is really real and further highlights the problem between General Relativity on very large scales, with Quantum Mechanics on very small scales. We find a mathematical procedure that: to the 1st order removes the “embarrassing” QFT vacuum constant from the Einstein tensor and then covers nearly all of the 120 orders of magnitude difference between the Cosmological Constant and Vacuum Energy by introducing it as an higher order correction in (G/c4)3. There is a proviso for further work, that the difference of a few orders we calculate, might be made up by considering fluctuations, running constants in the QFT vacuum, extra degrees of freedom/dimensions, Inflation or even non-constant G.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10819] viXra:1901.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-09 21:29:04

The Operational Protocol

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 1 Page.

Implement procedural 6th.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[10818] viXra:1901.0079 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-08 22:24:19

Estimating Variances and Covariances in a Non-stationary Multivariate Time Series Using the K-matrix

Authors: Stephen P. Smith
Comments: 15 Pages.

A second order time series model is described, and generalized to the multivariate situation. The model is highly flexible, and is suitable for non-parametric regression, coming with unequal time steps. The resulting K-matrix is described, leading to its possible factorization and differentiation using general purpose software that was recently developed. This makes it possible to estimate variance matrices in the multivariate model corresponding the signal and noise components of the model, by restricted maximum likelihood. A nested iteration algorithm is presented for conducting the maximization, and an illustration of the methods are demonstrated on a 4-variate time series with 89 observations.
Category: Statistics

[10817] viXra:1901.0058 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-08 17:53:16

Riemann Hypothesis (Do They Really Converge to 0?)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 17 Pages.

2^s/(2^-1)*3^s/(3^-1)*5^s/(5^s-1)*7^s/(7^s-1)……… Whether the above equation converges to 0 was verified. Convergence is extremely slow, and divergence tendency was rather rather abundant when the prime number was 1000 or more. It was thought that the above equation could possibly be an expression that can be composed only of real numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[10816] viXra:1901.0056 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 03:09:13

This Contagious Error Voids Bell-1964, CHSH-1969, Etc.

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 4 Pages.

Elementary instance-tracking identifies a contagious error in Bell (1964). To wit, and against his own advice: in failing to match instances, Bell voids his own conclusions. The contagion extends to Aspect, Griffiths, Levanto, Motl, Peres and each of CHSH.
Category: Quantum Physics