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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[26554] viXra:1811.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 06:35:58

Elements 1: Some Integrals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this note we give some integrals.
Category: General Mathematics

[26553] viXra:1811.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 06:38:27

Elementary Fractals: Part II

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 113 Pages.

This note presents a collection of elementary Fractals.
Category: Geometry

[26552] viXra:1811.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 06:40:32

Neutrosophic Decision Making & Neutrosophic Decision Tree (Arabic Version).

Authors: A. A. Salama, Rafif Alhabib
Comments: 26 Pages.

In this research, we present neutrosophic decision-making, which is an extension of the classical decision-making process by expanding the data to cover the non-specific cases ignored by the classical logic, which in fact support the decision-making problem. The lack of information besides its inaccuracy is an important constraint affecting The effectiveness of the decision-making process, and we will rely on the decision tree model, which is one of the most powerful mathematical methods used to analyze many decisionmaking problems, where we extend it according to the neutrosophic logic by adding some indeterminate data (in the absence of probability) or by substituting the classical probabilities with the neutrosophic probabilities (in case of probability). We call this extended model the neutrosophic decision tree, which results in its use to reach the best decision among the available alternatives because it is based on data that is more general and accurate than the classical model.
Category: Statistics

[26551] viXra:1811.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 06:47:27

Quantum World Error Correction

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Sebastian Krinner is the first winner of the Lopez-Loreta Prize at ETH Zurich. The physicist has a clear goal: he wants to build a quantum computer that is not only powerful, but also works without errors. [35] Encrypted quantum keys have been sent across a record-breaking 421 km of optical fibre at the fastest data rate ever achieved for long-distance transmission. [34] The companies constructed an application for data transmission via optical fiber lines, which when combined with high-speed quantum cryptography communications technologies demonstrated practical key distribution speeds even in a real-world environment. [33] Nanosized magnetic particles called skyrmions are considered highly promising candidates for new data storage and information technologies. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[26550] viXra:1811.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 07:51:37

Tiny Laser in Immune Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

A team of researchers from the School of Physics at the University of St Andrews have developed tiny lasers that could revolutionise our understanding and treatment of many diseases, including cancer. [27] Scientist have cast new light on the behaviour of tiny hair-like structures called cilia found on almost every cell in the body. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26549] viXra:1811.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 09:10:58

New Multiplication Algorithm.

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 9 Pages. English language

This paper develops a new multiplication algorithm that works absolutely with all the numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[26548] viXra:1811.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 09:37:19

AI and Optoelectronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Using machine-learning and an integrated photonic chip, researchers from INRS (Canada) and the University of Sussex (UK) can now customize the properties of broadband light sources. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes—he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[26547] viXra:1811.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 09:58:43

Smartphone Stopping Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Using an affordable, portable device that attaches to a smartphone, a University of Arizona researcher and his collaborators hope to save lives in rural Africa. [28] A team of researchers from the School of Physics at the University of St Andrews have developed tiny lasers that could revolutionise our understanding and treatment of many diseases, including cancer. [27] Scientist have cast new light on the behaviour of tiny hair-like structures called cilia found on almost every cell in the body. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26546] viXra:1811.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 10:50:44

Quantum Adiabatic and Circuit Equivalent

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Practical quantum computers could be one step closer thanks to physicists in China, who have published a rigorous proof that “quantum circuit” algorithms can be transformed into algorithms that can be executed at the same running time on adiabatic quantum computers. [36] Sebastian Krinner is the first winner of the Lopez-Loreta Prize at ETH Zurich. The physicist has a clear goal: he wants to build a quantum computer that is not only powerful, but also works without errors. [35] Encrypted quantum keys have been sent across a record-breaking 421 km of optical fibre at the fastest data rate ever achieved for long-distance transmission. [34] The companies constructed an application for data transmission via optical fiber lines, which when combined with high-speed quantum cryptography communications technologies demonstrated practical key distribution speeds even in a real-world environment. [33] Nanosized magnetic particles called skyrmions are considered highly promising candidates for new data storage and information technologies. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[26545] viXra:1811.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 11:11:32

Electrons Inside Ceramic Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

A team of researchers from Canada, France and Poland has found that electrons inside of some ceramic crystals appear to dissipate in a surprising, yet familiar way—possibly a clue to the reason for the odd behavior of "strange metals." [30] To provide the data necessary to improve these products, a team of engineers and scientists from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a new pinhole-based diffraction technique they call PIND. [29] Tensorial neutron tomography promises new insights into superconductors, battery electrodes and other energy-related materials. [28] CERN's nuclear physics facility, ISOLDE, has minted a new coin in its impressive collection of isotopes. [27] In the case of several light nuclei, experimental confirmation of the individualism or family nature of nucleons will now be simpler, thanks to predictions presented by Polish physicists from Cracow and Kielce. [26] The identification of the magic number of six provides an avenue to investigate the origin of spin–orbit splittings in atomic nuclei. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26544] viXra:1811.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 12:47:36

Kaluza Hypothesis as a Key to the “hidden” Geometry of Quantum Electrodynamics

Authors: Victor Paromov
Comments: 5 Pages.

This letter attempts to show that the Kaluza hypothesis of five-dimensional (5D) spacetime is sufficient to explain the quantum electrodynamics (QED). It is a short version of the article “Fractal Structure of the Spacetime, the Fundamentally Broken Symmetry” (http://vixra.org/abs/1806.0181) written as an attempt to start a discussion in the physics community. To author’s regret, it has been rejected by Nature Physics on 9/24/2018 and by arxiv.org (gr-qc) on 10/23/18 in despite of the endorsement from Dr. Sergei M. Kopeikin.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26543] viXra:1811.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 13:44:12

Abstract of the Unified Field Theory

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 7 Pages. new and long abstract summarizes work

The conceptual basis of the Unified Field Theory as presented in these pages may be deduced from "Noether's Theorem": The charges of matter are symmetry debts of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[26542] viXra:1811.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 16:22:23

The Moon Motion Trajectory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

The Moon Motion Trajectory Abstract I suppose that, The whole solar group is consisted from light beams and these light beams are reflected into Earth Moon Orbit with smaller rate (as the convex mirror), so each light beam is reflected inside the moon orbit in smaller form. Based on that, the moon orbit is consisted of the reflected light beams (Energy), If this energy is similar to a sea water, so the moon is similar to a paper boat moves on this water. (i.e. the moon is indicator of Energy Passing Process) This provides us with 2 important conclusions 1.The Moon motion shows all actions and motions in the solar group (as a mirror shows all the room furniture) 2.The Moon motion changes shows greater changes are found in the solar group
Category: Astrophysics

[26541] viXra:1811.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 20:41:40

A Model of an Electron Including Two Perfect Black Bodies

Authors: Satoshi Hanamura
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper modifies two significant points of existing quantum electrodynamics. First, the image of a virtual photon is replaced with a real one, i.e., till date, we consider virtual photon as being capable of exchanging its energy between two particles along with self interaction, and that it is a transient fluctuation. We shall change this definition such that what we call “an electron” would include two bare electrons and these two would interact within a real photon. The virtual photon in this study is the same as the real photon which is not to observe, but difference from traditional virtual photon because the re-imaged virtual photon would exist continuously not temporally. Second, it is assumed that the bare electron is a perfect black body. To meet the constraints of charge conservation, a virtual photon must include two bare electrons. There is a temperature gradient between the two because the two particles alternate between behaving as emitters and absorbers. The proposed study extends this model by considering that an electron comprises two blinking bare electrons and at least one real photon by exchanging the energies within the three. Consequently, we attempt to create an electron model that exhibits spinor behavior by setting and modifying a trigonometric function which could periodically achieve the value of zero-point energy.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26540] viXra:1811.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 21:36:07

Astrophysical Applications of Yilmaz Gravity Theory

Authors: Stanley L. Robertson
Comments: 36 pages, 1 Figure

Huseyin Yilmaz proposed the form of a theory of gravitation (Yilmaz 1958, 1971) that has later been shown to present only minor conceptual change for Einstein's General Relativity. The primary effect of the change is to modify terms of second order in the gravitational potential or its derivatives. Since most of the weak field tests that have been taken as confirmation of General Relativity are of first order, the Yilmaz theory continues to pass all of these tests, but there are some interesting effects of the higher order terms that arise in the Yilmaz theory. These corrections move the metric singularity back to the location of a point particle source. This eliminates the black hole event horizon and permits the existence of intrinsic magnetic moments for stellar mass black hole candidates and supermassive AGN. It is shown here that the same second order corrections also eliminate the need for cosmological ``dark energy". Additional considerations dicussed here show that the Yilmaz theory correctly encompasses all of the major observational tests that must be satisfied by an acceptable relativistic gravity theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26539] viXra:1811.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 23:28:02

Generalized Definition of Division in Any Field

Authors: Hiroshi Okumura
Comments: 2 Pages.

A historical definition of division by zero is reconsidered.
Category: Algebra

[26538] viXra:1811.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 06:55:21

The History of Temporal Elasticity

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 5 Pages.

a humorous brief outline of my personal journey with temporal elasticity and antimatter
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[26537] viXra:1811.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 07:29:27

Virtual Reality of Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22] For the first time, a team of astronomers has observed several pairs of galaxies in the final stages of merging together into single, larger galaxies. [21] In a cluster of some of the most massive and luminous stars in our galaxy, about 5,000 light years from Earth, astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits only once every 50 years. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[26536] viXra:1811.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 09:04:47

Quasars Gravitationally Lensed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

CfA astronomer David James was a member of a large international team systematically searching for new gravitationally lensed quasars. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[26535] viXra:1811.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 09:46:36

X-ray Microscopy 10 Times Faster

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Now, scientists at the National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II)—a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory—have developed a TXM that can image samples 10 times faster than previously possible. [36] In a new study published Aug. 17 in Nature Communications, Nemsak, Fadley, Schneider and colleagues demonstrate the use of new techniques in X-ray spectroscopy to illuminate the internal structure of manganese-doped gallium arsenide. [35] With the publication of the first experimental measurements performed at the facility, the European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (EuXFEL) has passed another critical milestone since its launch in September 2017. [34] Purdue University researchers are developing a novel biomedical imaging system that combines optical and ultrasound technology to improve diagnosis of life-threatening diseases. [33] Heart scans for patients with chest pains could save thousands of lives in the UK, research suggests. [32] Unnecessary heart procedures can be avoided with a non-invasive test, according to late breaking research presented today at ESC Congress 2018 and published in Journal of the American College of Cardiology. [31] Now, Columbia University researchers report a new way to zoom in at the tiniest scales to track changes within individual cells. [30] One of the main challenges in tissue engineering today is to create a complete network of blood vessels and capillaries throughout an artificial tissue. [29] Scientists from the University of Freiburg have developed materials systems that are composed of biological components and polymer materials and are capable of perceiving and processing information. [28] Nanotechnology may provide an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease, a team of researchers suggests. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[26534] viXra:1811.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 10:12:22

Monitoring Cell Division

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Scientist have cast new light on the behaviour of tiny hair-like structures called cilia found on almost every cell in the body. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26533] viXra:1811.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 10:56:28

No Need for Dark-Matter, Dark-Energy or Inflation, Once Ordinary Matter is Properly Represented?

Authors: Yehonatan Knoll
Comments: 40 Pages.

In a recent Foundations of Physics paper [5] by the current author it was shown that, when the self-force problem of classical electrodynamics is properly solved, it becomes a plausible ontology underlying the statistical description of quantum mechanics. In the current paper we extend this result, showing that ordinary matter, thus represented, possibly suffices in explaining the outstanding observations currently requiring for this task the contrived notions of dark-matter, dark-energy and inflation. The single mandatory `fix' to classical electrodynamics, demystifying both very small and very large scale physics, should be contrasted with other ad hoc solutions to either problems. Instrumental to our cosmological model is scale covariance (and `spontaneous breaking' thereof), a formal symmetry of classical electrodynamics treated on equal footing with its Poincare covariance, which is incompatible with the (absolute) metrical attributes of the GR metric tensor.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26532] viXra:1811.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 10:58:07

A New Approach in Content-Based Image Retrieval Neutrosophic Domain

Authors: A. A. Salama, Mohamed Eisa, Hewayda ElGhawalby, A. E. Fawzy
Comments: 10 Pages.

Theaimofthischapteristopresenttexturefeaturesforimagesembedded in the neutrosophic domain with Hesitancy degree. Hesitancy degree is the fourth component of neutrosophic sets. The goal is to extract a set of features to represent the content of each image in the training database to be used for the purpose of retrieving images from the database similar to the image under consideration.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[26531] viXra:1811.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 11:02:57

Remembering the Future

Authors: Yehonatan Knoll
Comments: 13 Pages.

It is conjectured that our future experience could be `remembered' at the present, in much the same way as our past experience is. No conflict with known physical laws is involved. An experimental protocol for testing future memory is proposed. All previous tests of so-called precognition, significantly deviate from the proposed protocol, possibly explaining their elusive and unstable results. Positive results of a modest field experiment are presented and analyzed .
Category: Physics of Biology

[26530] viXra:1811.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 11:44:38

General Relativity Toward Unification

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

a brief discussion about the unification of forces in theoretical physics from Relativity based on engineering concepts
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26529] viXra:1811.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 12:36:54

The Zitterbewegung, the Wavefunction and Einstein’s Mass-Energy Equivalance Relation.

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 15 Pages.

This article continues to explore a possible physical interpretation of the wavefunction that has been elaborated in previous papers. It zooms in on the physical model it implies for an electron in free space, which is – basically – a Zitterbewegung model. It adds to previous papers because it further explores the nitty-gritty of the contradictions in the rather obvious and intuitive interpretation of the wavefunction as a two-dimensional self-sustaining electromagnetic oscillation.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26528] viXra:1811.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 13:11:23

Quantum Bang Theory

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 4 Pages.

Quantum Bang Theory is a universe creation theory.
It is based on real things - neutrinos - with absolutely no magic involved.
It also explains the creation and expansion of new space and dark energy stretching.
The fabric of space is created from the expansion of neutrinos - The Microcosmic Bang.
A neutrino ● can expand - Bang - into one unit of fabric-of-space ∗
The same thing happened everywhere and is still happening everywhere now.
That is why the CMB is smooth.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[26527] viXra:1811.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 23:56:19

ζ(3) 

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Since ζ(3) could be represented by sin, cos and π, we report here. I spelled sum_(n=1)^infty { |(sin((6n-4)/3*pi))| + |(sin((6n-2)/3*pi)| } / {sqrt(3)*n^3} (n is integer) = sum_(n=1)^infty [(sin(2/3*pi))-(sin(4/3*pi))]/[sqrt(3)*n^3] = 1.2020569031595942853997381615114….... or sum_(n=1)^infty [ |2*(sin((6n-4)*pi/3)| ] / [sqrt(3)*n^3] (n is integer) = sum_(n=1)^infty [2*(sin(2/3*pi))]/[sqrt(3)*n^3] =1.2020569031595942853997381615114…... or sum_(n=1)^infty [ |cos((6n-4)/3*pi)| + |(cos((6n-2)/3*pi)| / [n^3] (n is integer) or sum_(n=1)^infty [ |2*(cos((6n-4)/3*pi)| ] / [n^3] = sum_(n=1)^infty [ -2*(cos(2/3*pi) ] / [n^3] = 1.2020569031595942853997381615114…… For example, {|sin((2π/3)| + |sin(4π/3)| + |sin(6π/3)|} / {sqrt(3)*1^3} + {|sin(8π/3)| + |sin(10π/3)| + |sin(12π/3|} / {sqrt(3)*2^3} + {|sin((14π/3)| + |sin(16π/3)| + |sin(18π/3)|} / {sqrt(3)*3^3} + {|sin(20π/3)| + |sin(22π/3)| + |sin(24π/3|} / {sqrt(3)*4^3} + ……… ………=ζ(3) and, {|cos((2π/3)| + |cos(4π/3)| + |cos(6π/3)|} / (2*1^3) + {|cos(8π/3)| + |cos(10π/3)| + |cos(12π/3|} / (2*2^3) + {|cos(14π/3)| + |cos(16π/3)| + |cos(18π/3)|} / (2*3^3) + {|cos(20π/3)| + |cos(22π/3)| + |cos(24π/3|} / (2*4^3) + ……… ………=ζ(3) While turning circles, factorial increases.
Category: General Mathematics

[26526] viXra:1811.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 03:15:30

Simulation of Nontribial Point of Riemann Zeta Function

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 17 Pages.

Tried to simulate the nontribial point of the Riemann zeta function. At the beginning, we tried to be exactly the same value as the nontribial point of the Riemann Zeta function only with the degree of increase of the circle going up like wrapping x = 0.5, but the degree of increase varies from moment to moment extremely difficult It was judged impossible. Then I created an expression that can take approximate values, but always take lower values than the nontribial zeros of the Riemann zeta function except for the initial values. However, by increasing the degree of increase of the circle going up like winding x = 0.5, it became possible to take a value which can be said to be an approximate value. The degree of increase in circle was based on the formula of the nuclear energy value of uranium. Since the degree of increase of the zero point changes from moment to moment, satisfactory approximate values can not be obtained yet.
Category: General Mathematics

[26525] viXra:1811.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 05:41:27

Black Holes Play Hide-and-Seek

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22] For the first time, a team of astronomers has observed several pairs of galaxies in the final stages of merging together into single, larger galaxies. [21] In a cluster of some of the most massive and luminous stars in our galaxy, about 5,000 light years from Earth, astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits only once every 50 years. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[26524] viXra:1811.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 05:43:55

Prime Number Equation A=\frac{t^2+232}{8} A=\frac{t^2+93}{6}

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 7 Pages.

Prime number equation a=\frac{t^2+232}{8} a=\frac{t^2+93}{6} (t is positive integer) thease contain not prime numbers, but many are prime numbers. And thase are contain number with decimal point, I pulled out only integers. Write as halfway progress.
Category: Number Theory

[26523] viXra:1811.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 08:15:32

Press or Expanding Force on a Charged Object Located in a Special Zero Electric Field

Authors: Yannan Yang
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper, combining Newton’s third law, the interaction conditions are analyzed for the system that a negative charged conductor ball is located inside a uniformly negative charged spherical shell. Under the premise of not violating Newton’s third law, interesting phenomena are predicted. They are against current widely accepted recognition in electrostatics, such as a non-zero electric field exists in a charged conductor under the special electrostatic equilibrium.
Category: Classical Physics

[26522] viXra:1811.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 09:39:36

The Mathematical Octal Numbering System(not Computing Numbering System)

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

In this paper we will talk about I numbering system I want to invent which is based on the knowledge of true and false being 1 and 0 (true and false) Lets take a look at our hands it has 10 fingers which uses the decimal system its ok Lets take out the true and false which are the 1 and 0 (one and zero) from the decimal system leaving eight numbers which are 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 but first lets take a look at how I thought of this These are 10 mathematical stuff made from 1 and 0 or the true and false below 1*1/1*1=1(true fact or something) 1*0/1*1=0 0*1/1*1=0 0*0/1*1=0 1*1/0*0=not understood 1*1/1*0=not understood 1*1/0*1=not understood 0*1/0*0=not understood 1*0/0*0= not understood 0*0/0*0= totally not understood When looking at this you see that if you take the true and false which are 1*1/1*1=1 and 0*0/0*0=totally not understood you are left with 8 of the 10 Now to see how you can apply this new numbering system you should look at what follows Lets start counting in this numbering system with 2 and end with 8 so we say 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Lets do this mathematical trick 2*3*4*5/6=120/6=20 which is 2*10=20 Lets try an easier one which is 3*4*5/6=60/6=10 you see the trick? Adding a truth to false and another truth(which is my theory!!!!) which all amounts to 3 (2 truths and one false) which starts with 3 in this one you get to the numbering system in your hand or 10 in the second easier mathematical trick and also in the mathematical trick starting with 2 ends with 20 which when divided by 10 you get 2 which is the number you started with!!!!!
Category: Mathematical Physics

[26521] viXra:1811.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 11:45:11

Proof that a Data Set that Conforms to Benford's Law is not Always Sum Invariant with Respect to the First Digits

Authors: Robert C. Hall
Comments: 20 Pages.

The summation test consists of adding all numbers that begin with a particular first digit or first two digits and determining its distribution with respect to these first or first two digits numbers. Most people familiar with this test believe that the distribution is a uniform distribution for any distribution that conforms to Benford's law i.e. the distribution of the mantissas of the logarithm of the data set is uniform U[0,1). The summation test that results in a uniform distribution is true for an exponential function (geometric progression) i.e. y = a exp(kt) but not necessarily true for other data sets that conform exactly to Benford'a law.
Category: Number Theory

[26520] viXra:1811.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 11:35:35

Dante ALIGHERI’S “AMOR, CH’A Nullo AMATO…”: an “EX NIHILO” Account of “A NULLO”

Authors: Arturo Tozzi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this brief technical note, we propose a different interpretation of the renewed verse of Dante Alighieri’s “Hell”: “Amor, ch’a nullo amato amar perdona”. We go through the hypothesis that “a nullo” might stand from the Latin “ex nihilo”, which means “from nothingness”, and discuss the philosophical and textual implications of this novel account.
Category: Education and Didactics

[26519] viXra:1811.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 15:04:25

Noetics Explains the Gays

Authors: Ricky Amaroso
Comments: 1 Page.

The gays are caused by wormholes interacting with marshmellows and consciousness across several spacetime dimensions.
Category: Mind Science

[26518] viXra:1811.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 15:04:00

The Formless Nature of Matter

Authors: Royan rosche
Comments: 2 Pages.

I outline why the Universe is not a set concrete physical thing.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26517] viXra:1811.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 18:11:17

Antimatter and the Big Bang

Authors: James Conor O'Brien
Comments: 21 Pages.

It is suggested that in the neighbourhood of the Big Bang at point P(0) a matter-antimatter differential forms due to reflection of antimatter off the wall of an infinite, spatially shifting, potential well. Firstly the width of the potential well of a scalar field (Phi) undergoes oscillation due to Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle ranging from zero to infinity; secondly, that there is a probability also due to quantum uncertainty for an infinite sea matter and antimatter particle-pairs to spontaneously arise in the neighbourhood of the wall; and thirdly due to the Feynman-Stueckelberg Interpretation of the direction of Time being in the positive direction from P(0), that matter will move along the axis of Time away from P(0) and antimatter will move the axis of Time towards P(0). This leads to the suggestion that antimatter will reflect off P(0) to return in the positive time direction - thus turning the antimatter of the universe into matter in a process akin to the Dynamical Casimir Effect. It is then suggested that this instantiation of matter inflates the volume of the universe around P(0) and decreases the energy density of the universe, which in turn conflates another generation of matter and antimatter on the surface of that volume. Thus there should exist an epoch in the formation of the universe where purely matter is ejected from P(0) and the energy density of the universe diminishes. Furthermore since the reflected fermionic antimatter collides with its matter partner under Lorentz covariance the ejected matter must be On-Mass Shell. This "inflation through conflation" continues until the overall energy density of matter of the Universe diminishes to the level where matter and antimatter is no longer conflated, and the Universe stabilizes into present era Physics.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26516] viXra:1811.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 20:46:54

To Divide by Zero is to Multiply by Zero

Authors: Hiroshi Okumura
Comments: 1 Page.

A remark of the definition of division by zero is given.
Category: Algebra

[26515] viXra:1811.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 21:44:13

Beal Conjecture as a General Form of Fermat's Last Theorem

Authors: Stefan Bereza
Comments: 4 Pages.

Fermat's Last Theorem (FLT) x^p + y^p = z^p could be seen as a special case of more generalized Beal's Conjecture (BC) x^m + y^n = z^r. Those equations are impossible when x, y and z are natural numbers and coprimes and {p, m, n, r}> = 3; if m = n = r (= p), then it is FLT; if not, Beal's Conjecture. In BC, if x, y and z are integers and have a common factor, they can be measured (without rest) with this factor as a common unit - making x, y and z in the equation rational to each other. FLT can be proved with proving irrationality of triangles inscribed into an ellipse whose sides x, y and z represent the Fermat's equation x^p + y^p = z^p ; here, for x, y and z a common unit cannot be found. The BC equation x^m + y^n = z^r (without a common factor) can be simplified to the Fermat's equation x^p + y^p = z^p which - at the lacking common unit - makes x, y and z impossible to be all rational to each other.
Category: Number Theory

[26514] viXra:1811.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 04:01:17

Arithmetic of Analysis II

Authors: Fayowole David Ayadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

This work is an alternate method of evaluating absolute (modulus) value.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[26513] viXra:1811.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 04:48:45

The Motion of a Liquid with Constant and Variable Volume( Whirlwinds and Tea Leaf Paradox)

Authors: Viktor Strohm
Comments: 6 Pages.

A set of experiments is presented. The two main types of the movement of incompressible liquid were investigated. In the first case liquid moved with no changes in volume. The elastic deformation made liquid move. In the second case a formation of curl took place during the expansion of the liquid getting an additional kinetic energy. Some formulas modeling curl's evolution were derived.
Category: Classical Physics

[26512] viXra:1811.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 06:20:43

Anomaly in Sign Function Probability Function Integration

Authors: Han Geurdes
Comments: 5 Pages.

In the paper it is demonstrated that integration of products of sign functions and probability density functions such as in Bell's formula for +/-1 measurement functions, leads to inconsistencies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26511] viXra:1811.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 07:05:54

Single-Molecule DNA Navigators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

In a new study that supports the trend of DNA-based information carriers, scientists have engineered a DNA navigator system that can perform single-molecule, parallel, depth-first search operations on a two-dimensional origami platform. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26510] viXra:1811.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 07:28:31

Special Theory of Relativity Based on Fraudulent Science?

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 3 Pages.

This article makes it highly likely that the question mark in the title has to be an exclamation mark.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26509] viXra:1811.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 07:32:36

New DNA Nanostructures

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

The new study involves innovations in the field of DNA origami, which, as the name implies, uses nucleic acids like DNA and RNA to fold and self-assemble into complex forms. [22] In a new study that supports the trend of DNA-based information carriers, scientists have engineered a DNA navigator system that can perform single-molecule, parallel, depth-first search operations on a two-dimensional origami platform. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26508] viXra:1811.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 07:52:04

Spaghetti-Like DNA Nanotechnology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

For the past few decades, scientists have been inspired by the blueprint of life, DNA, as the shape of things to come for nanotechnology. [23] The new study involves innovations in the field of DNA origami, which, as the name implies, uses nucleic acids like DNA and RNA to fold and self-assemble into complex forms. [22] In a new study that supports the trend of DNA-based information carriers, scientists have engineered a DNA navigator system that can perform single-molecule, parallel, depth-first search operations on a two-dimensional origami platform. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26507] viXra:1811.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 08:03:44

Evidence for Dark Matter, Dark Energy, Higgs’ Function, and More

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

categories of evidence for Dark Matter & Energy, Higgs' Function, and Temporal Elasticity are provided and discussed
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26506] viXra:1811.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 08:13:54

Gravity Probe B

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

One result of the Gravity Probe B experiment cannot be correct, they claimed that they measured the size of the very small angle by which our Earth warps its local spacetime (the geodetic effect) but that is impossible.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26505] viXra:1811.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 08:12:32

Mona Lisa on DNA Canvas

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The technique, dubbed DNA origami, enabled scientists to create self-assembling DNA structures that could carry any specified pattern, such as a 100-nanometer-wide smiley face. [24] For the past few decades, scientists have been inspired by the blueprint of life, DNA, as the shape of things to come for nanotechnology. [23] The new study involves innovations in the field of DNA origami, which, as the name implies, uses nucleic acids like DNA and RNA to fold and self-assemble into complex forms. [22] In a new study that supports the trend of DNA-based information carriers, scientists have engineered a DNA navigator system that can perform single-molecule, parallel, depth-first search operations on a two-dimensional origami platform. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26504] viXra:1811.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 08:27:00

Protein Error-Free Nanostructures

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Using a DNA-binding protein called RecA as a kind of nanoscale rebar, or reinforcing bar, to support the floppy DNA scaffolding, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have constructed several of the largest rectangular, linear and other shapes ever assembled from DNA. [25] The technique, dubbed DNA origami, enabled scientists to create self-assembling DNA structures that could carry any specified pattern, such as a 100-nanometer-wide smiley face. [24] For the past few decades, scientists have been inspired by the blueprint of life, DNA, as the shape of things to come for nanotechnology. [23] The new study involves innovations in the field of DNA origami, which, as the name implies, uses nucleic acids like DNA and RNA to fold and self-assemble into complex forms. [22] In a new study that supports the trend of DNA-based information carriers, scientists have engineered a DNA navigator system that can perform single-molecule, parallel, depth-first search operations on a two-dimensional origami platform. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26503] viXra:1811.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 11:16:02

Proper-Time Based Covariant Extension of Newton's Second Law

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 3 Pages.

The generic single-particle relativistic dynamical principle is usually taken to be that the time derivative of the particle's momentum is equal to the applied force. That relativistic momentum itself, however, is the particle's rest mass times the proper-time derivative of its position, so this dynamical principle is easily reverted to the original Newtonian one of the particle's mass times acceleration being equal to the force, provided that the time derivatives always refer to proper time and the force is amended by a relativistic factor of gamma, which we denote as proper force; the Lorentz covariance of the result is greatly aided by the Lorentz invariance of proper time. It is shown that the purely relativistic fourth component of this Lorentz-covariant Second Law extension pertains to the particle's power, as would be expected. Its full electromagnetic case emerges directly from a certain entirely Lorentz-invariant Lagrangian.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26502] viXra:1811.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 13:14:25

Refutation of Superposition as Glue in Matita Theorem Prover

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate the substitution lemma for the successor function, smart application of inductive hypotheses, and proof traces of a complex example in the Matita standard library. Results are not tautologous, hence refuting superposition.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[26501] viXra:1811.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 14:36:06

Refutation of Tropical Sum for Bell's Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate the tropical sum definition to show topped summing is refuted by mathematical logic and hence cannot occur in physics realty.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26500] viXra:1811.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 15:28:50

White Spots in Physics

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 5 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Physics appears to include quite a few white holes. Apparently, this is not very essential for the proper functioning of applied physics. Through some clever steps, some of the white patches can be addressed. That delivers striking and not thought results
Category: Quantum Physics

[26499] viXra:1811.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 16:44:21

On the Invisibility of Matter

Authors: Royan Roshce
Comments: 2 Pages.

I outline why you will never see what is called "Matter".
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26498] viXra:1811.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 18:17:31

Refutation of Metamath Theorem Prover

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate six conjectures and one theorem, as proffered by Metamath staff. The conjectures are not tautologous. The Tarski-Grothendieck theorem is also not tautologous. Metamath fails our analysis.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[26497] viXra:1811.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 20:39:55

Considérations Sur la Formule du Binome de Newton

Authors: Olivier Massot
Comments: 22 Pages.

The binomial formula, set by Isaac Newton, is of utmost importance and has been extensively used in many different fields. This study (in French) aims at coming up with alternative expressions to the Newton's formula.
Category: Number Theory

[26496] viXra:1811.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 20:44:21

Considerations on the Newton's Binomial Expansion

Authors: Olivier Massot
Comments: 22 Pages.

The binomial formula, set by Isaac Newton, is of utmost importance and has been extensively used in many different fields. This study aims at coming up with alternative expressions to the Newton's formula.
Category: Number Theory

[26495] viXra:1811.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 21:35:37

Principles Of《Universal and Unified Physics》

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: Pages. [1]: Xu, Wei; “Universal and Unified Physics”, http://vixra.org/abs/1810.0016 (2018)

Abstract: The Principles are human wisdoms of our ultimate philosophy, scientific theories and empirical knowledge that give birth to Universal and Unified Physics [1]. Since inauguration, it is now strikingly breaking forth systematically from the philosophy of natural laws to the unification of the entire traditional, classic and contemporary physics. This manuscript represents the triple essences of:

  • Laws of nature as Philosophy of Nature,
  • Framework of nature as Infrastructure of Universe,
  • Hierarchy of horizon structures as Topology of Physics.

By exploring the profound thoughts behind the workings of the theory, we simplify complexity of the mathematics from philosophical foundations to promote scientific theories for empiricism:

  1. Chapter I: Abstracts principles of Philosophy of Nature for themethodology in search of the truth, laws of nature, topology of universe, and hierarchy of worlds.
  2. Chapter II: Reveals secrets of how the Infrastructure of Universe is developed with the mathematical framework, event evolutions and YinYang processes to carry out Universal Field Equations and give rise to the foundations of physical Horizons.
  3. Chapter III: Testifies why the theory can unify our modern physics, conclude numerous groundbreakings, and declare it as Universal and Unified Physics.

Therefore, readers will not only grasp the new concepts and techniques, but also gain their confidences in development of our future sciences concisely and effectively.

 


Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[26494] viXra:1811.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 22:12:25

Exploring Eclipse Mita in the Context of Embedded Systems/iot/bosch-XDK Iot Kit/ Jikes RVM a Simple Suggestion Using Research Virtual Machine Environment/iot/ Embedded Systems.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Exploring Eclipse MITA in the context of Embedded Systems/IoT/Bosch-XDK IoT KIT/ Jikes RVM - A Simple Suggestion Using Research Virtual Machine Environment/IoT/ Embedded Systems.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[26493] viXra:1811.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 03:57:49

Gravitational Waves from Neutron Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[26492] viXra:1811.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 04:48:53

Astronomers Detect Gamma Rays

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

In a cluster of some of the most massive and luminous stars in our galaxy, about 5,000 light years from Earth, astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits only once every 50 years. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[26491] viXra:1811.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 05:12:13

Pairs of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

For the first time, a team of astronomers has observed several pairs of galaxies in the final stages of merging together into single, larger galaxies. [21] In a cluster of some of the most massive and luminous stars in our galaxy, about 5,000 light years from Earth, astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits only once every 50 years. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[26490] viXra:1811.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 05:32:22

Galaxy Mergers on Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22] For the first time, a team of astronomers has observed several pairs of galaxies in the final stages of merging together into single, larger galaxies. [21] In a cluster of some of the most massive and luminous stars in our galaxy, about 5,000 light years from Earth, astronomers detected particles being accelerated by a rapidly rotating neutron star as it passed by the massive star it orbits only once every 50 years. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[26489] viXra:1811.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-16 07:32:20

Quantum Artificial Life

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A project by the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has for the first time implemented a model of quantum artificial life on a quantum computer. [30] Researchers in a lab at Aarhus University have developed a versatile remote gaming interface that allowed external experts as well as hundreds of citizen scientists all over the world to optimize a quantum gas experiment through multiplayer collaboration and in real time. [29] "As crazy as all this looks, there appears to be strong reliability in these behaviors that could even be predictably and practically manipulated," Landman said. [28] A team of physicists from ICTP-Trieste and IQOQI-Innsbruck has come up with a surprisingly simple idea to investigate quantum entanglement of many particles. [27] For the first time, physicists have experimentally demonstrated ternary—rather than binary—quantum correlations between entangled objects. [26] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/probability/" probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [25] Researchers have studied how a 'drumstick' made of light could make a microscopic 'drum' vibrate and stand still at the same time. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/probability/" probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[26488] viXra:1811.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-16 08:14:49

Magnetic Properties of Cuprates

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

An international team of researchers has identified and proved that adding impurities with a lower concentration of electrons stabilizes the antiferromagnetic state of cuprates, high-temperature superconducting compounds based on copper. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26487] viXra:1811.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-16 08:54:01

AI Predicting Enzyme Activity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

University of Oxford have found a general way of predicting enzyme activity. [23] Researchers at Caltech have developed an artificial neural network made out of DNA that can solve a classic machine learning problem: correctly identifying handwritten numbers. [22] Researchers have devised a magnetic control system to make tiny DNA-based robots move on demand—and much faster than recently possible. [21] Humans have 46 chromosomes, and each one is capped at either end by repetitive sequences called telomeres. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[26486] viXra:1811.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-16 09:36:12

Infinite-Dimensional Symmetry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

The symmetries that govern the world of elementary particles at the most elementary level could be radically different from what has so far been thought. [29] A fraction of a second after the Big Bang, a single unified force may have shattered. Scientists from the CDF and DZero Collaborations used data from the Fermilab Tevatron Collider to recreate the early universe conditions. [28] Now researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have helped to better understand the first minutes of the universe: They collected artificially produced beryllium-7 and made it into a sample that could be investigated. [27] Researchers have developed a new way to improve our knowledge of the Big Bang by measuring radiation from its afterglow, called the cosmic microwave background radiation. [26] The group's results reinforce a disagreement over the value of the Hubble constant as measured directly and as calculated via observations of primordial radiation – a disparity, say the researchers, which likely points to new physics. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[26485] viXra:1811.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-16 10:46:40

Neutron Pinhole Discoveries

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

To provide the data necessary to improve these products, a team of engineers and scientists from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a new pinhole-based diffraction technique they call PIND. [29] Tensorial neutron tomography promises new insights into superconductors, battery electrodes and other energy-related materials. [28] CERN's nuclear physics facility, ISOLDE, has minted a new coin in its impressive collection of isotopes. [27] In the case of several light nuclei, experimental confirmation of the individualism or family nature of nucleons will now be simpler, thanks to predictions presented by Polish physicists from Cracow and Kielce. [26] The identification of the magic number of six provides an avenue to investigate the origin of spin–orbit splittings in atomic nuclei. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been " squeezed " to a record low. [18]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26484] viXra:1811.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-16 11:08:43

A Proof Minus Epsilon of the Abc Conjecture

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 6 Pages. Comments welcome.

In this paper, we give a proof minus $\epsilon$ of the $ABC$ conjecture, considering that Beal conjecture is true. Some conditions are proposed for the proof, perhaps it needs some justifications that is why I give the title of the paper " a proof minus $\epsilon$ of the $ABC$ conjecture".
Category: Number Theory

[26483] viXra:1811.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-16 13:28:29

Structure of Acetaminophen Alias Paracetemol or Tylenol at the Atomic Level

Authors: Raji Heyrovska
Comments: Pages. 5 Figures, Table 1. In the acknowledgement, Tim Gonen should read Tamir Gonen.

The recent new rapid technique of determining structures of molecules by CryoEM Method microED techniques by Gonen et al, aroused the interest to compare the reported bond lengths for acetaminophen with the additivity of adajacent atomic radii rule. The latter was found by the author to explain the bond lengths in many small as well as large molecules. The bond distances obtained by conventional methods and those found by Grunen et al by electron diffraction agree well with the additivity rule, whereas those by the Gonen group seem slightly smaller. A possible reason is discussed here.
Category: Biochemistry

[26482] viXra:1811.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 01:27:55

The Butterfly Effect and the Electron

Authors: David Lindsay Johnson
Comments: Conclusions on page 34

Benjamin Franklin considered electricity to be analogous to a fluid, labelling objects containing high levels of electricity as having a negative charge and those with low levels a positive charge. In 1897 J.J. Thomson's cathode ray tube experiments identified electrons, and adopting Franklins’s negative charge convention, he determined their charge-by-mass-ratio (e/m), which contributed significantly to the development of the orbital nuclear model of the atom. Dirac’s equations, so important to the development of Quantum Mechanics, are predicated by a mathematical definition of an electron in terms of an electric point monopole with a negative charge, thus re-enforcing the monopole electron concept. Although since the mid 1960’s nucleons have been considered to be hadrons consisting of up and down quarks, protons are still represented as positively charged monopole particles within the nucleus, maintaining the strong co-dependency between the nuclear model and mono pole charged particles.   A toroidal ring model for the electron was first proposed by Alfred Lauck Parson in 1915, variations of which provide a feasible alternative to the monopole concept of the electron. This paper explores implications of adopting a toroidal rather than a monopole model for the electron (the flutter of a butterfly’s wing) and extends the toroidal concept to include Preons, the sub-components of quarks, and thus of nucleons. The resulting atomic structure model is considerably different to the orbital nuclear model (hence the Butterfly Effect). It provides strong correlation between the atomic structure of the elements within the Periodic Table and their physical and chemical characteristics, which is something the orbital nuclear model fails to do. The model also provides a feasible explanation of different allotropic forms of elements and their various bonding geometries, beta decay, electron capture, electron-positron annihilation and the ionization process during plasma formation. Peripheral issues such as EMR, electricity and Gravity are covered in the appendices to reduce distractions within the body of the paper. The implications for Physics and Chemistry theory and practice of simply re-defining the structure of the electron are significant, particularly if the toroidal structure proves to be valid, and demonstrates the major impact of quite minor changes to basic assumptions.
Category: Classical Physics

[26481] viXra:1811.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 02:06:07

On Bell's Experiment

Authors: Han Geurdes
Comments: 5 Pages.

With the use of tropical algebra operators and a d=2 parameter vectors space, Bell's theorem does not forbid a, physics valid, reproduction of the quantum correlation.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26480] viXra:1811.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 04:27:34

A Universe Made of Stories

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 10 Pages. FQXi essay contest 2017

We know that some physical phenomena can be derived from a more basic substratum. Heat is a manifestation of the kinetic energy of atoms. Atoms are more fundamental than the laws of thermodynamics, but atomic physics in turn is derived from the interactions of more primitive components. Is fundamentality then a relative concept with no absolute bottom, or is there a fundament of physical law which is not derived from anything deeper? Does physics perhaps circle back on itself in recursive fashion? “Fundamental” is an adjective to describe a level of reality that is not derived from anything else. Fundamental laws are not in any way accidental or arbitrary. They must be as they are, because they could not be any other way. If such a level of reality exists, then how can it be explained? Do we just have to accept it as axiomatic? Does it emerge out of nothing? These questions seem unanswerable but we must not accept defeat so quickly. The universe exists, so there must be answers. Why would those answers be incomprehensible to us? I sketch some answers choosing information, events, symmetry, quantisation and stories as fundamental concepts.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[26479] viXra:1811.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 05:41:24

An Inherently Relativistic Force Carrier Mechanism for Unifying Electromagnetism and Gravity Based on Weber Electrodynamics

Authors: Steffen Kühn
Comments: 184 Pages.

The report summarizes the current state of research of quantino-theory, which is an approach to explain fundamental physical phenomena based on Weber electrodynamics. The core concept of quantino-theory is a force-carrier model, which fulfils the postulates of special relativity without the spacetime. The field theory that follows out of this model does not turn for slow charge-carrier velocities into Maxwell electrodynamics but Weber electrodynamics. Based on the quantino-mechanism, numerous physical effects can be reinterpreted and explained. For example, it is possible to show that gravity is a thermodynamic electromagnetic relativistic effect of fourth order. Furthermore, quantino-theory seems to be an interesting approach to explain the reason for the existence of quantum mechanical effects, inertia and anti-matter. The report furthermore discusses the perihelion precession of the planet Mercury, the mass-energy-relation, photons and electromagnetic waves.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[26478] viXra:1811.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 06:38:41

Remark on the paper of Zheng Jie Sun and Ling Zhu

Authors: Yogesh J. Bagul
Comments: 4 Pages. In this paper , a mathematical mistake is discovered and another simple proof of the theorem is proposed.

In this short review note we show that the new proof of theorem 1.1 given by Zheng Jie Sun and Ling Zhu in the paper Simple proofs of the Cusa-Huygens-type and Becker-Stark-type inequalities is logically incorrect and present another simple proof of the same.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[26477] viXra:1811.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 07:08:10

Social Quantum Science

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Researchers in a lab at Aarhus University have developed a versatile remote gaming interface that allowed external experts as well as hundreds of citizen scientists all over the world to optimize a quantum gas experiment through multiplayer collaboration and in real time. [29] "As crazy as all this looks, there appears to be strong reliability in these behaviors that could even be predictably and practically manipulated," Landman said. [28] A team of physicists from ICTP-Trieste and IQOQI-Innsbruck has come up with a surprisingly simple idea to investigate quantum entanglement of many particles. [27] For the first time, physicists have experimentally demonstrated ternary—rather than binary—quantum correlations between entangled objects. [26] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [25] Researchers have studied how a 'drumstick' made of light could make a microscopic 'drum' vibrate and stand still at the same time. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[26476] viXra:1811.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 08:03:50

Life Couldn't Exist Without Weak Force

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

David Armstrong studies a phenomenon that is ubiquitous in nature, yet only a few non-scientists know what it is. [36] Physicists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have recently succeeded in observing parity violation in ytterbium atoms with different numbers of neutrons. [35] Exploring the mystery of molecular handedness in nature, scientists have proposed a new experimental scheme to create custom-made mirror molecules for analysis. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26475] viXra:1811.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 08:14:59

The Papakonstantinidis Win/Win/Win Bargaining Model

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 10 Pages.

Interview on collective bargaining with Leonidas A. Papakonstantinidis
Category: Social Science

[26474] viXra:1811.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 08:25:01

AI for Sustainability Goals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

As ESA's ɸ-week continues to provoke and inspire participants on new ways of using Earth observation for monitoring our world to benefit the citizens of today and of the future, it is clear that artificial intelligence is set to play an important role. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[26473] viXra:1811.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 09:15:15

Laser Amplify Optical Phonons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg/Germany presents evidence of the amplification of optical phonons in a solid by intense terahertz laser pulses. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26472] viXra:1811.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 09:47:14

Fusion Tool Past 100 Million Degrees

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), nicknamed the "Chinese artificial sun," achieved an electron temperature of over 100 million degrees in its core plasma during a four-month experiment this year. [37] David Armstrong studies a phenomenon that is ubiquitous in nature, yet only a few non-scientists know what it is. [36] Physicists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have recently succeeded in observing parity violation in ytterbium atoms with different numbers of neutrons. [35] Exploring the mystery of molecular handedness in nature, scientists have proposed a new experimental scheme to create custom-made mirror molecules for analysis. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information—known as qubits—that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from HYPERLINK "https://www.rigetti.com/" Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[26471] viXra:1811.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 14:07:07

Self-Standing End-Fed Electrically Quasi-Uniform Linear Arrays: Analysis, Design, Construction, Measurements and FLOSS

Authors: K. Th. Kondylis, N. I. Yannopoulou, P. E. Zimourtopoulos
Comments: 20 Pages.

Based on the analysis presented by the authors in their previous work for end-fed space arrays, where an application to geometrically uniform self-standing linear arrays of parallel dipoles was given, this paper presents the results of a single driving-point, self-standing, fully uniform linear array, that is one which has electrical uniformity, as well as, an application to the constrained pattern design. During the synthesis process and due to the multiplicity of solutions resulting from the complex analytical relations given here, the criterion of Electrically Quasi-Uniform Linear Array EQ-ULA was introduced. An experimental array model was designed, simulated, constructed, and its three main-plane radiation patterns were measured. The measurements were found in good agreement with analytical, computational, and theoretical results, and thus the proposed technique was experimentally proved. The developed software applications are available as FLOSS Free Libre Open Source Software.
Category: Classical Physics

[26470] viXra:1811.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 19:52:46

Splitting of Quasi-Definite Linear System Maintains Inertia

Authors: Martin Neuenhofen
Comments: 4 Pages.

We show that there is a variety of Schur complements that yield a decoupling of a quasi-definite linear system into two quasi-definite linear systems of half the size each. Splitting of linear systems of equations via Schur complements is widely used to reduce the size of a linear system of equations. Quasi-definite linear systems arise in a variety of computational engineering applications.
Category: Algebra

[26469] viXra:1811.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-16 02:51:18

Cosmological Dark Ages and Antimatter

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

the so-called Cosmic Dark Ages is currently misunderstood and under-rated in terms of cosmological significance; the role of antimatter is identified and illuminated
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26468] viXra:1811.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 06:34:27

Performance of Next Generation Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Taking electrons out for a spin through the nanoscopic streets of a digital device – without spinning out of control – has challenged researchers for years. [15] Konstanz physicist Professor Peter Baum and his team have succeeded in spatially and temporally directing and controlling ultrashort electron pulses directly by using the light cycles of laser light instead of microwaves. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26467] viXra:1811.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 06:42:54

Алгоритм нахождения подстановок

Authors: Франц Герман
Comments: 3 Pages.

В некоторых задачах, решаемых на компьютере, возникает необходимость нахождения перестановок из n элементов. Для небольших n это можно сделать простым перебором, но с увеличением n, нахождение всех перестановок перебором становится занятием очень трудоёмким. В таком случае удобно применять следующий алгоритм.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[26466] viXra:1811.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 07:27:56

The Quantised Angular Momenta of Astronomical Bodies

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 13 pages

The spin angular momentum of the sun precisely equals the quantum h-bar multiplied by 2 raised to the power 250. Between them the next five nearest G or K-type stars take the exponents 247, 248, 249, 250 and 251, the binary star Alpha Centauri AB taking exponents (249 and 251) either side of 250 and Epsilon Eridani taking the exponent 250. The red dwarfs Proxima Centauri and Barnard’s Star both take the exponent 240. The spin angular momentum quantisation scheme also applies to the planets of the solar system. Again, exponents that are multiples of 5 are preferred. Jupiter and Saturn behave as a binary planet, with exponents centred on 240. Uranus and Neptune behave as a binary planet, with exponents centred on 233. Earth and Mars take the exponents 225 and 220, respectively. The geometric mean orbital angular momentum of the eight planets equals the spin angular momentum of the sun. With spin parameters of intermediate value, the supermassive black holes located in the Milky Way and M31 galaxies take the exponents 295 and 305, respectively.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[26465] viXra:1811.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 07:35:52

Electric Fields Makes Spin Swirl

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

We are reaching the limits of silicon capabilities in terms of data storage density and speed of memory devices. One of the potential next-generation data storage elements is the magnetic skyrmion. [16] Taking electrons out for a spin through the nanoscopic streets of a digital device – without spinning out of control – has challenged researchers for years. [15] Konstanz physicist Professor Peter Baum and his team have succeeded in spatially and temporally directing and controlling ultrashort electron pulses directly by using the light cycles of laser light instead of microwaves. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26464] viXra:1811.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 07:48:20

Hubble Expansion & CMBR & Bekenstein Hawking Entropy

Authors: David E. Fuller, Ruud Loeffen
Comments: 7 Pages.

Universe as a Self Similar Fractal Friedmann Density, Electron Compton Density, Planck Density
Category: Quantum Physics

[26463] viXra:1811.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 08:46:13

Resonance Tuning of Optics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42] Electron microscopy has allowed scientists to see individual atoms, but even at that resolution not everything is clear. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32]
Category: Quantum Physics

[26462] viXra:1811.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 09:35:50

Light-Emitting Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

A team of scientists from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), in collaboration with researchers from Monash University Australia, has succeeded in significantly increasing the stability and biocompatibility of special light-transducing nanoparticles. [22] Diagnosing diseases and understanding the processes that take place within cells at the molecular level require sensitive and selective diagnostic instruments. [21] A single-molecule DNA " navigator " that can successfully find its way out of a maze constructed on a 2D DNA origami platform might be used in artificial intelligence applications as well as in biomolecular assembly, sensing, DNA-driven computation and molecular information and storage. [20] The way DNA folds largely determines which genes are read out. John van Noort and his group have quantified how easily rolled-up DNA parts stack. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26461] viXra:1811.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 10:37:42

The 4430 MeV Neutrino is a Signal That the Universe Includes 0.1 Billion Years of Unbroken E8 Symmetry Time

Authors: George R. briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: The surprising capability to be able to use the mass of the recently-discovered 4430 MeV neutrino together with MHCE8S theory as a way of signaling the length of time the universe includes E8 unbroken symmetry is shown.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26460] viXra:1811.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 10:24:55

Private Photo Recognition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

Researchers at Osaka University have proposed an encryption-free framework for preserving users' privacy when they use photo-based information services. [47] When building a predictive model, reliable results depend on two issues: the number of variables that come into play and the number of examples entered into the system. [46] A new computational approach that allows the identification of molecular alterations associated with prognosis and resistance to therapy of different types of cancer was developed by the research group led by Nuno Barbosa Morais at Instituto de Medicina Molecular João Lobo Antunes (iMM; Portugal). [45] A discovery by scientists at UC Riverside may open up new ways to control steroid hormone-mediated processes, including growth and development in insects, and sexual maturation, immunity, and cancer progression in humans. [44] New 3-D maps of water distribution during cellular membrane fusion are accelerating scientific understanding of cell development, which could lead to new treatments for diseases associated with cell fusion. [43] Thanks to the invention of a technique called super-resolution fluorescence microscopy, it has recently become possible to view even the smaller parts of a living cell. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[26459] viXra:1811.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 11:03:51

Electronic Devices Don't Overheat

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

You've felt the heat before—the smartphone that warms while running a navigation app or the laptop that gets too hot for your lap. [23] A team of scientists from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), in collaboration with researchers from Monash University Australia, has succeeded in significantly increasing the stability and biocompatibility of special light-transducing nanoparticles. [22] Diagnosing diseases and understanding the processes that take place within cells at the molecular level require sensitive and selective diagnostic instruments. [21] A single-molecule DNA “navigator” that can successfully find its way out of a maze constructed on a 2D DNA origami platform might be used in artificial intelligence applications as well as in biomolecular assembly, sensing, DNA-driven computation and molecular information and storage. [20] The way DNA folds largely determines which genes are read out. John van Noort and his group have quantified how easily rolled-up DNA parts stack. [19]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[26458] viXra:1811.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 13:21:48

#2sat is in P

Authors: Elnaserledinellah Mahmood Abdelwahab
Comments: 85 Pages. Journal Academica Vol. 8(1), pp. 3-88, October 13 2018 - Theoretical Computer Science - ISSN 2161-3338 online edition www.journalacademica.org - Copyright © 2018 Journal Academica Foundation - With perpetual, non-exclusive license for viXra.org

This paper presents a new view of logical variables which helps solving efficiently the #P complete #2SAT problem. Variables are considered to be more than mere place holders of information, namely: Entities exhibiting repetitive patterns of logical truth values. Using this insight, a canonical order between literals and clauses of an arbitrary 2CNF Clause Set S is shown to be always achievable. It is also shown that resolving clauses respecting this order enables the construction of small Free Binary Decision Diagrams (FBDDs) for S with unique node counts in O(M4) or O(M6) in case a particular shown Lemma is relaxed, where M is number of clauses. Efficiently counting solutions generated in such FBDDs is then proven to be O(M9) or O(M13) by first running the proposed practical Pattern-Algorithm 2SAT-FGPRA and then the counting Algorithm Count2SATSolutions, so that the overall complexity of counting 2SAT solutions is in P. Relaxing the specific Lemma enables a uniform description of kSAT-Pattern-Algorithms in terms of (k-1)SAT- ones opening up yet another way for showing the main result. This second way demonstrates that avoiding certain types of copies of sub-trees in FBDDs constructed for arbitrary 1CNF and 2CNF Clause Sets, while uniformly expressing kSAT Pattern-Algorithms for any k>0, is a sufficient condition for an efficient solution of kSAT as well. Exponential lower bounds known for the construction of deterministic and non-deterministic FBDDs of some Boolean functions are seen to be inapplicable to the methods described here.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[26457] viXra:1811.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 13:55:10

Einstein Did not Explain the Photoelectric Effect. there Are not Black Holes at Planck Wall

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 252 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“In the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “The photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a light beam you will see the Planck length” Adrian Ferent “There are not Black Holes at Planck wall” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^(17) m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a graviton you will see the Ferent length” Adrian Ferent “Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrically charged particles like electrons or other free carriers when it absorbs electromagnetic radiation. The photoelectric effect was first observed in 1887 by Heinrich Hertz. Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1921 for ‘his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect’. Einstein riding alongside a light beam. Einstein was still puzzled by his attempts to imagine riding alongside a light beam, all his life and did not find an answer for it. Einstein later wrote, “I should observe such a beam of light as an electromagnetic field at rest.” That is why Einstein and your professors were not able to explain the photoelectric effect. “The photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length” Adrian Ferent Planck length: lP = 1.6 × 10^(-35) m Einstein and your professors did not understand: “In the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length” Adrian Ferent Einstein and your professors did not understand that photons interact with the electrons at Planck length, because they did not understand Special theory of relativity and Quantum mechanics. “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a light beam you will see the Planck length” Adrian Ferent That is why: “There are not Black Holes at Planck wall” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent Length contraction: Length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer which is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object and it is usually only noticeable at a substantial fraction of the speed of light. What means l = 0 from Special theory of relativity in Ferent Quantum Gravity? “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 from Special theory of relativity, means l ≤ Planck length” Adrian Ferent This means: “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length” Adrian Ferent That is why Special theory of relativity is wrong. Ferent length: lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a graviton you will see the Ferent length” Adrian Ferent That is why: “Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from journals, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter: The majority of Dark Matter is non-baryonic in nature. Candidates for non-baryonic Dark Matter are hypothetical particles such as axions, sterile neutrinos… This means Dark Matter is limited to Planck length, but I explained there are not Black Holes at Planck wall because there are Photons. Stolen (quotations against Plagiarism) from Ferent Quantum Gravity in 2016–2017 the idea of dense Dark Matter or Dark Matter being Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes. The idea of dense Dark Matter or Dark Matter being Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes following results of gravitational wave detection. LIGO and gravitational wave detection is a fraud. You learned at universities, from books, from journals…about Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes at Planck wall, but Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes at Planck wall do not exist. Dense Dark Matter is Ferent Matter. Ferent Matter was created at Ferent wall, beyond the Planck wall. That is why: “Black Holes are Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent But you see on TV, YouTube wrong things about Wormholes, how scientists like Michio Kaku, Kip Thorne… can travel trough a Black Hole! “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity is the right Gravitation theory and all quantum gravity theories like String theory, LQG… are wrong theories because Einstein’s Gravitation theory is wrong and limited to the speed of light. 142. I am the first who discovered that in the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length 143. I am the first who discovered that in photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length 144. I am the first who discovered that the photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length 145. I am the first who discovered that there are not Black Holes at Planck wall 146. I am the first who explained that what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong 147. I am the first who explained that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length 148. I am the first who explained that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length 149. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a Graviton you will see the Ferent length 150. I am the first who discovered that Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter 151. I am the first who discovered that Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes 152. I am the first who explained what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[26456] viXra:1811.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 17:09:09

Real Numbers in the Neighborhood of Infinity

Authors: Jonathan W. Tooker
Comments: 11 Pages.

We demonstrate the existence of a broad class of real numbers which are not elements of any number field: those in the neighborhood of infinity. After considering the reals and the affinely extended reals we prove that numbers in the neighborhood of infinity are ordinary real numbers. As an application in complex analysis, we show that the Riemann zeta function has infinitely many non-trivial zeros off the critical line in the neighborhood of infinity.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[26455] viXra:1811.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 18:11:43

Hoyle-Wickramasinghe Panspermia is Far More Than a Hypothesis

Authors: Edward J. Steele, Reginald M. Gorczynski, Gensuke Tokoro, Dayal T. Wickramasinghe, N. Chandra Wickramasinghe
Comments: 17 Pages.

The hypothesis of life being a cosmic rather than a terrestrial phenomenon has evolved from the mid 1970's onwards and is documented in an extensive body of publications by Fred Hoyle, Chandra Wickramasinghe and their many collaborators and students in the columns of Nature and other peer-reviewed journals.  After nearly 5 decades of pursuing a rigorous Popperian prediction/verification cycle, and the emergence of a vast body of astronomical and biological evidence, the reigning Aristotelean dogma of Earth-bound abiogenesis is now seriously threatened.  A paradigm shift to the H-W theory of cosmic life (H-W Panspermia) has been long overdue, and is currently held back mostly by sociological impediments. Here we outline the special subset of scientific facts which constitute, in our minds, the demarcation data set which distinguishes the terrestrial theory of evolution (neo-Darwinism) based on abiogenesis from the new cosmic theory of evolution (H-W Panspermia).
Category: Physics of Biology

[26454] viXra:1811.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 18:40:03

Shorter Refutation of the Löb Theorem and Gödel Incompleteness by Substitution of Contradiction

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

Löb’s theorem □(□X→X)→□X and Gödel’s incompleteness as □(□⊥ →⊥)→□⊥ are refuted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[26453] viXra:1811.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 03:32:48

Witte Vlekken in de Natuurkunde

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 5 Pages. Dit behoort to het Hilbert Boek Model Project

De natuurkunde blijkt nog een flink aantal witte gaten te omvatten. Kennelijk is dat niet erg essentieel voor de goede werking van de toegepaste natuurkunde. Via wat slimme stappen kunnen een aantal van de witte vlekken worden aangepakt. Dat levert frappante en niet gedachte resultaten op.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26452] viXra:1811.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 04:45:35

Fluid State of Dirac Quantum Particles

Authors: Vu B Ho
Comments: 12 Pages.

In our previous works we suggest that quantum particles are composite physical objects endowed with the geometric and topological structures of their corresponding differentiable manifolds that would allow them to imitate and adapt to physical environments. In this work we show that Dirac equation in fact describes quantum particles as composite structures that are in a fluid state in which the components of the wavefunction can be identified with the stream function and the velocity potential of a potential flow described in the theory of classical fluids. We also show that Dirac quantum particles can manifest as standing waves which are the result of the superposition of two fluid flows moving in opposite directions. For a steady motion a Dirac quantum particle does not exhibit a wave motion even though it has the potential to establish a wave within its physical structure, therefore, without an external disturbance a Dirac quantum particle may be considered as a classical particle defined in classical physics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26451] viXra:1811.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 05:32:55

Neural Nets in Cell RNA Sequencing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Computer scientists at Carnegie Mellon University say neural networks and supervised machine learning techniques can efficiently characterize cells that have been studied using single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq). [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26450] viXra:1811.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 06:36:17

Question 481: On Integrals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this note we give some integrals.
Category: General Mathematics

[26449] viXra:1811.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 06:40:17

Elementary Fractals: Part I

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 109 Pages.

This note presents a collection of elementary fractals.
Category: Geometry

[26448] viXra:1811.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 07:07:23

Chiral Majorana Fermions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Now, researchers have proposed a scheme to control the transport of chiral Majorana edge modes in a ring-shaped Josephson junction of a topological superconductor using magnetic flux. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[26447] viXra:1811.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 07:45:42

Dark Matter Hurricane

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

A team of researchers from Universidad de Zaragoza, King's College London and the Institute of Astronomy in the U.K. has found that a "dark matter hurricane" passing through our solar system offers a better than usual chance of detecting axions. [22] Researchers have declared October 31st "Dark Matter Day," a day with many events dedicated to dark matter all over the world. [21] Scientists have a new window into the search for dark matter – an acrylic vessel that features a grouping of 12-foot-tall transparent tanks with 1-inch-thick walls. [20] Fermilab scientists are harnessing quantum technology in the search for dark matter. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[26446] viXra:1811.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 08:01:46

Nuevo Algoritmo de Multiplicación.

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 9 Pages. Idioma: Español

Este documento desarrolla y demuestra el descubrimiento de un nuevo algoritmo de multiplicación que funciona absolutamente con todos los números.
Category: Number Theory

[26445] viXra:1811.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 08:20:37

Time and Antimatter

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

in a balanced curvature creation event, there are very few possibilities about the question: "what happened to all the antimatter?"; very specific lines of research are proposed to help answer it
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26444] viXra:1811.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 08:25:23

Encrypted Quantum Keys Record

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Encrypted quantum keys have been sent across a record-breaking 421 km of optical fibre at the fastest data rate ever achieved for long-distance transmission. [34] The companies constructed an application for data transmission via optical fiber lines, which when combined with high-speed quantum cryptography communications technologies demonstrated practical key distribution speeds even in a real-world environment. [33] Nanosized magnetic particles called skyrmions are considered highly promising candidates for new data storage and information technologies. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems—donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[26443] viXra:1811.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 11:21:31

A Navier and Stokes Equations Try

Authors: Thomas Pierre Nicolas Jean Brouard
Comments: 6 Pages.

Here is proposed a solving Navier and Stokes equations three dimensions fluid model problem, described in cylindrical coordinates, composed of null radial and vertical velocities, and of a cross-radial velocity. Equations conditions verifications and calculation description leading to the expression of pressure are given. A description of the problem can be found here: http://www.claymath.org/sites/default/files/navierstokes.pdf
Category: Mathematical Physics

[26442] viXra:1811.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 11:55:31

Increase of Reliability of Escalators at Metro Stations

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The reason of frequent repairs of escalators is considered
Category: Classical Physics

[26441] viXra:1811.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 15:16:41

Clueless In Paradise: Part II

Authors: John Roach
Comments: 5 Pages.

Dedicated to Max Planck, The Reluctant Revolutionary who warned us not to trust professional Theoretical Scientists.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[26440] viXra:1811.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 21:50:17

‘Missing’ Features of Temporal Elasticity and Gravistrong

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

Lorentz contraction and Lense-Thirring are dealt with appropriately
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26439] viXra:1811.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 00:46:56

Holographic Interval of Space-Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 4 Pages.

The emergence of space-time from a common Hilbert space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[26438] viXra:1811.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 05:34:45

Microworld_51. Unsolved Problems of Physics_ 11

Authors: N.N.Leonov
Comments: 22 Pages. English and russian texts

Сauses of Half-Century Failures in the Thermonuclear Problem. “Hot” nuclear fusion. “Cold” fusion. The article describes possible fusion reactions of instantly self-disintegrating nuclei of 5Li and 8Ве. There has been a preliminary estimate of the efficiency of such reactions for building controllable light nuclei power reactors considered. In the early two thousands, EmDrive (R.Shawyer) and Antigravity Engine (V. Leonov) were invented which operation principles were known neither to the inventors nor to the contemporary science. Studies based on the methods of the theory of non-linear oscillations found that those devices were flow-through engines wherein jets are made of ether and the magnetic field acts as a compressor.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[26437] viXra:1811.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 05:48:52

Physical Time and Time Clock

Authors: Daniele Sasso
Comments: 12 Pages.

Time is a fundamental quantity in physics and its definition has generated many problems starting from Newton’s philosophical absolute time. Einstein searched for giving an operative definition of time through the use of unreal ideal clocks and of rays of light. In this paper we will search for giving a physical definition of time pointing out the necessity of avoiding in physics mistakes connected whether with Newton’s exclusively philosophical definition, taken out of the scientific context, or with Einstein’s operative definition through unreal clocks. We will prove nevertheless also the use of real clocks raises generally problems because of their real working and of the inadequacy of measuring instruments.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26436] viXra:1811.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 07:04:54

Unresolved Question of the Piloted Astronautics

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The question of adaptation to zero gravity is considered
Category: Classical Physics

[26435] viXra:1811.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 06:58:56

Create Mirror Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Exploring the mystery of molecular handedness in nature, scientists have proposed a new experimental scheme to create custom-made mirror molecules for analysis. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information—known as qubits—that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26434] viXra:1811.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 07:31:14

Bending DNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

The way DNA folds largely determines which genes are read out. John van Noort and his group have quantified how easily rolled-up DNA parts stack. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26433] viXra:1811.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 07:58:56

Genes Give Vegetables Shape

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences have recently found the genetic mechanism that controls the shape of our favorite fruits, vegetables and grains. [20] The way DNA folds largely determines which genes are read out. John van Noort and his group have quantified how easily rolled-up DNA parts stack. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[26432] viXra:1811.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 09:07:17

Atomic Parity Violation Milestone

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Physicists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have recently succeeded in observing parity violation in ytterbium atoms with different numbers of neutrons. [35] Exploring the mystery of molecular handedness in nature, scientists have proposed a new experimental scheme to create custom-made mirror molecules for analysis. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information—known as qubits—that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[26431] viXra:1811.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 09:36:01

Unified Theory of Frustrated Magnets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

For the first time, physicists present a unified theory explaining two characteristic features of frustrated magnets and why they're often seen together. [33] Björn Alling, researcher in theoretical physics at Linköping University, has, together with his colleagues, completed the task given to him by the Swedish Research Council in the autumn of 2014: Find out what happens inside magnetic materials at high temperatures. [32] Generating complex multi-principle element TMDCs essential for the future development of new generations of quantum, electronic, and energy conversion materials is difficult. [31] An international scientific team, which included scientists from China, Israel, England and Russia, has developed a new method for measuring the response of crystals on the electric field. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26430] viXra:1811.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 10:00:53

Nanoscale Robotic Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

A single-molecule DNA “navigator” that can successfully find its way out of a maze constructed on a 2D DNA origami platform might be used in artificial intelligence applications as well as in biomolecular assembly, sensing, DNA-driven computation and molecular information and storage. [20] The way DNA folds largely determines which genes are read out. John van Noort and his group have quantified how easily rolled-up DNA parts stack. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[26429] viXra:1811.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 10:16:10

Refutation of Three Phase, All Reduce Algorithm Across Processing Units for Scalable Deep Learning

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

A three-phase algorithm to do an all-reduce across all GPUs is not tautologous and refuted.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[26428] viXra:1811.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 10:21:33

Nanoparticles for Medical Applications

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Diagnosing diseases and understanding the processes that take place within cells at the molecular level require sensitive and selective diagnostic instruments. [21] A single-molecule DNA " navigator " that can successfully find its way out of a maze constructed on a 2D DNA origami platform might be used in artificial intelligence applications as well as in biomolecular assembly, sensing, DNA-driven computation and molecular information and storage. [20] The way DNA folds largely determines which genes are read out. John van Noort and his group have quantified how easily rolled-up DNA parts stack. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11]
Category: Physics of Biology

[26427] viXra:1811.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 10:43:34

Big Data Predict the Future

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

When building a predictive model, reliable results depend on two issues: the number of variables that come into play and the number of examples entered into the system. [46] A new computational approach that allows the identification of molecular alterations associated with prognosis and resistance to therapy of different types of cancer was developed by the research group led by Nuno Barbosa Morais at Instituto de Medicina Molecular João Lobo Antunes (iMM; Portugal). [45] A discovery by scientists at UC Riverside may open up new ways to control steroid hormone-mediated processes, including growth and development in insects, and sexual maturation, immunity, and cancer progression in humans. [44] New 3-D maps of water distribution during cellular membrane fusion are accelerating scientific understanding of cell development, which could lead to new treatments for diseases associated with cell fusion. [43] Thanks to the invention of a technique called super-resolution fluorescence microscopy, it has recently become possible to view even the smaller parts of a living cell. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[26426] viXra:1811.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 15:13:07

Neptune Data shows The Solar Group Geometry (Part 2)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

Simply…. Are these relationships found based on Geometrical Reasons or by pure coincidences? Some Examples (1) -Mercury Saturn Distance = Neptune Pluto Distance = 1375 mkm -Saturn Pluto Distance =Mercury Neptune Distance = 4437 mkm -Mars orbital circumference 1433.5 mkm = Saturn orbital distance = Uranus Saturn distance = Neptune orbital distance /π = -Jupiter Pluto distance 5092 mkm = Uranus Neptune distance x π -Saturn orbital distance 1433.5mkm= Saturn diameter x Venus diameter = (Venus Circumference)2= (2) i.Earth Moon Distance at Perigee point =363000 km = Solar Outer Planets Diameters Total (error 1%) ii.Earth Moon Distance at Apogee point =406000 km = Solar Planets Diameters Total iii.The Distance between Perigee and Apogee = 40000km = Inner Solar Planets Diameters Total = Earth Circumference. iv.Earth daily motion = The moon orbit circumference at apogee radius (r=406000 km) v.Saturn Circumference = Earth Moon Distance at total solar eclipse radius (r=377000km) vi.Note Please/ Solar Planets Diameters Total= 2 Jupiter diameters + 1 Saturn diameter (i.e. Jupiter diameter = 8 solar planets diameters total) vii.2 Neptune Circumference = outer planets diameters total (without Neptune) (1.8%) (3) -Sun Diameter = Jupiter Diameter x π2 (error 1.4%) And -Saturn Diameter = Venus Diameter x π2 (error 0.8%) (4) -Jupiter orbital Period 4331 days = Mars Orbital Period 687 days x 2π (error 0.3%) -Mars Orbital Period 687 days = Earth Orbital Period 365.25 days x 1.9 (Mars orbital inclination = 1.9 degrees) -Mars Orbital Period 687 days = Moon Orbital Period 27.3 days x 25.2 (Mars axial tilt= 25.2 degrees) -Saturn orbital period10747 d.=Earth orbital period 365.25 d. x Synodic month 29.5 d. (5) -17.4 degree (inner planet orbital inclinations total) x 0.99 = 17.2 degree (Pluto orbital inclination) -23.6 degree (outer planet orbital inclinations total) x 0.99 = 23.4 degree (Earth axial tilt (6) -Mercury moves a distance = 720 mkm during his day period (4222.6 hours) (Mercury Jupiter Distance = 720 mkm)! -Venus orbital circumference = 680 mkm but Venus Jupiter distance = 670 mkm (error 1.5%) -Earth orbital circumference = 940 mkm but Earth Jupiter distance (when both of them be at 2 different sides from the sun = 778.6 mkm +149.6 mkm = 928.2 mkm (error 1.25%)… why 3 planets define their orbital distances relating to their positions from Jupiter?!
Category: Astrophysics

[26425] viXra:1811.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 01:51:35

Fast Sublithospheric Currents an Overlooked Cause of Biospheric Extinctions?

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 3 Pages.

In vortical world, direct exposure to “torsion” radiation from turbulent melted rocks should be dangerous
Category: Geophysics

[26424] viXra:1811.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 02:30:14

The Volkov Solution of the Dirac Equation with the Higgs Field

Authors: Miroslav Pardy
Comments: 8 Pages. The original ideas

We determine the power radiation formula of the electron moving in the plane wave Higgs potential from the Volkov solution of the Dirac equation. The Higgs potential is here the vector extension of the scalar Higgs potential. The Higgs bosons mass is involved in the power radiation formula. The article represents the unification of the particle and the laser physics.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[26423] viXra:1811.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 02:49:53

What is a Neutrino?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 4 Pages.

The emission of antineutrinos is interpreted by the inductive-inertial phenomenon as independent E/M formations, which are created when a neutron breaks down into a proton and an electron (beta decay). Specifically, at the contact limits of the neutron quarks, due to the acceleration of the surface charges of the neutron cortex, the adjacent opposite units are strongly accelerated, causing grouping units outside the neutron cortex as independent E/M formations of one spindle.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[26422] viXra:1811.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 03:33:17

Microworld_50. Unsolved Problems of Physics_ 10

Authors: N.N.Leonov
Comments: 20 Pages. English and russian texts

Axiomatization of physics that D. Gilbert hankered after is implemented by methods of the theory of non-linear oscillations, using Mandelstam-Andronov’s applied scientific methodology. The article describes a mechanism of external influence on behavior of photons. The variability of microobject mass. The flow of energy of matter in motion. Mass-energy equivalence. Collapse. Annihilation. Mass defect.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[26421] viXra:1811.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 09:52:40

Sea to Land Animal Transformation: An Expansion to the Elysium Transition in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 hand drawn illustration

An expansion to the Elysium transition is made concerning the evolution of life on Earth. It is proposed that life transformed from sea to land capable animals at the poles, and moved its way towards the equator as the oceans thinned during late ocean world stages of stellar evolution. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[26420] viXra:1811.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 10:01:02

Fast, Accurate AI Training

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Researchers at Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) have partnered with a team from Tencent Machine Learning to create a new technique for training artificial intelligence (AI) machines faster than ever before while maintaining accuracy. [27]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[26419] viXra:1811.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 12:03:53

Nano-Scale Hi-Tech Products

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles—such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests—has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26418] viXra:1811.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 12:59:10

Negation of the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Jonathan W. Tooker
Comments: 4 Pages. arXiv - submit/2464257 removed: " The moderators have rejected your submission as "unrefereeable": your article does not contain sufficient original or substantive scholarly research."

We show that the Riemann zeta function has infinitely many non-trivial zeros off the critical line.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[26417] viXra:1811.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 19:03:33

Formula of Π

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This formula shows Π.
Category: Number Theory

[26416] viXra:1811.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 19:03:29

"Neptune Data shows The Solar Group Geometry"

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

Neptune Data supports the following conclusions: 1-The solar group is created from one energy only 2-The solar group is built by one geometrical structure and each planet is a part in this geometrical structure (or the solar group is a body and each planet is a member in it) 3-This geometrical structure causes to produce all solar planets data to be suitable for its job in this geometrical structure (which guarantees the planets motions harmony) 4-The solar planet motion real trajectory is square but we see it as an ellipse because of the moon orbit geometrical effect. 5-The Metonic Cycle (6939.75 days) is a motion in a vertical level relative to the solar inner planets horizontal level. 6-The moon orbit regression yearly 19 degrees is done because of Neptune and Uranus effect on the moon orbit geometrical structure.
Category: Astrophysics

[26415] viXra:1811.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 21:52:36

The Irrational Standard Model vs ...

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 5 Pages. subcategory: Nuclear Physics

the strong points and reasoning of the Standard Model are presented, the useless artifices of it are explored, and a simpler more comprehensive model is presented
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26414] viXra:1811.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 02:05:51

Computational Assignment of Vibrational Frequency Bands Facilitates the Identification of Interstellar Peptides and Spectroscopic Parallaxes.

Authors: Pardis Tabaee Damavandi, Richard W Pickersgill, Martin T Dove
Comments: 5 Pages.

Spectroscopic parallax is the measure of the distance between two stars or celestial objects and relies on the stellar spectral type and luminosity class defined by the Morgan-Keenan classification system. UV, IR (Infrared), Raman or Optical spectrographic instruments are integrated in many telescopes and are used to obtain information on brightness, temperature (surface), density and velocities. Stars are classified based on their type and on their brightness, which allow us to obtain distances to them, however, with previous classification systems, the star’s size (dwarf, giant or supergiant) and composition (heavy metal versus carbon stars) were also used. The Morgan-Keenan classification offers information on the star colour (very blue, red) and the type, although the infrared wavelengths are approximately > 9000 Å, falling in the near-infrared range; spectra can be ulteriorly divided into continuous, band and linear. Band spectra are usually descriptive of molecular compounds and are the ones that we immersed in, by venturing an interpretation of the Raman-IR band spectra of neutral glycine (or NT glycine). Our method consisted in using vibrational dynamics (VD), the study of atomic oscillations within a molecule, after obtaining experimental vibrations for glycine through Raman or IR literature data. These techniques have been widely used in the past, along with X-ray or neutron scattering diffraction techniques, however, in recent years, researchers have used density functional theory, ab intio, or other computer simulation methods that facilitate band recognition. The goal of this work is to apply vibrational dynamics studies to the structure of NT glycine, and to then compare these values with its IR and Raman frequencies. By analyzing both simulation results and empirical data, we gain important information about the vibration modes of glycine. This study also shows that ‘invisible’ bands can be ‘detected’ with this technique. VD could therefore be used in the measurement of stellar abundances and to refine the quality of experimental Raman-IR data.
Category: Astrophysics

[26413] viXra:1811.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 03:47:07

Microworld_49. Unsolved Problems of Physics_ 9

Authors: N.N.Leonov
Comments: 30 Pages. English and russian texts

Axiomatization of physics that D. Gilbert hankered after is implemented by methods of the theory of non-linear oscillations, using Mandelstam-Andronov’s applied scientific methodology
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[26412] viXra:1811.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 05:03:56

Mellin Transforms of Some Functions

Authors: Armando M. Evangelista Jr.
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper deals only with the Mellin transforms of some functions and their relationship with the gamma functions.
Category: General Mathematics

[26411] viXra:1811.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 05:45:15

Calculation of the Atomic Masses

Authors: Dezso Sarkadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

According to the generally accepted physical theory, the synthesis of the elements may happen at a very high temperature in supernova explosions. In consequence of nuclear fusion, the supernova stars emit a very strong electromagnetic (EM) radiation, predominantly in form of X-rays and gamma rays. The intensive EM radiation drastically decreases the masses of the exploding stars, directly causing mass defects of the resulting atoms. The description of black body EM radiation is based on the famous Planck's radiation theory, which supposes the existence of independent quantum oscillators inside the black body. In this paper, it is supposed that in exploding supernova stars, the EM radiating oscillators can be identied with the nascent elements losing their specic yields of their own rest masses in consequence of the radiation process. The nal binding energy of the atoms (nuclei) is additionally determined by the strong neutrino radiation what also follows the Maxwell- Boltzmann distribution in the extremly high temperature. Extending Planck's radiation law for discrete radiation energies, a very simple formula is obtained for the theoretical determination of the atomic masses. In addition, the newly introduced theoretical model gives the fusion temperature what is necessary for the generation of the atoms of the Periodic Table. Keywords: nuclear binding energy, Planck radiation law, generation of atoms, the origin of the elements, new theoretical model of the nuclear synthesis, fusion temperature.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26410] viXra:1811.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 05:55:54

Gravity Between Moving Masses

Authors: Dezso Sarkadi
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, a previously unknown form of gravity is presented what has been named by "dy- namic gravity". Under dynamic gravity, we mean the phenomenon of gravitation between moving masses. The nearly 300-year success of the Newtonian gravitation theory has always been based on the implicit assumption that the gravitational force is the same size between standing and moving masses in non-relativistic cases. In the 1990s, gravitational experiments were carried out in Hungary in which the gravitational eects were studied between moving masses. Surprisingly, the moving source masses generated more powerful gravitational force than expected by the Newtonian gravity. In addition, in these experiments gravitational repulsion also appeared with the same strength as the attraction, depending on the moving directions of the interactive masses. The theoretical investigations have shown that the newly explored gravitational phenomenon is direct consequence of the special relativity. Keywords: experimental gravity, dynamic gravity, special relativity, physical pendulum, speed-dependent gravity
Category: Classical Physics

[26409] viXra:1811.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 06:59:00

Graphene Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Scientists at HZB have found evidence that double layers of graphene have a property that may let them conduct current completely without resistance. [28] US researchers studying high-temperature cuprate superconductors outside the superconducting regime have used cutting-edge X-ray scattering to detect long-predicted – but never previously observed – excitations called plasmons perpendicular to the material’s atomic planes. [27] Using solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) techniques, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory discovered a new quantum criticality in a superconducting material, leading to a greater understanding of the link between magnetism and unconventional superconductivity. [26] Improving these devices could mean more powerful computers, better detectors of disease and technological advances scientists can't even predict yet. [25] Researchers at the Schliesser Lab at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have demonstrated a new way to address a central problem in quantum physics: at the quantum scale, any measurement disturbs the measured object. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26408] viXra:1811.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 07:58:10

Time Travel of Stephen Hawking

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Stephen Hawking's final book suggests time travel may one day be possible – here's what to make of it. [26] The arrow of time and the accelerated expansion are two fundamental empirical facts of the universe. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23]
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26407] viXra:1811.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 08:24:51

The Pathway of Protons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

This study has made it possible to assign the functions of individual amino acids to the proton transfer pathway for the enzyme group of [FeFe] hydrogenases. [33] Björn Alling, researcher in theoretical physics at Linköping University, has, together with his colleagues, completed the task given to him by the Swedish Research Council in the autumn of 2014: Find out what happens inside magnetic materials at high temperatures. [32] Generating complex multi-principle element TMDCs essential for the future development of new generations of quantum, electronic, and energy conversion materials is difficult. [31] An international scientific team, which included scientists from China, Israel, England and Russia, has developed a new method for measuring the response of crystals on the electric field. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26406] viXra:1811.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 08:45:23

The Charge Engine of Stellar Evolution

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 4 pages, 1 page is only references, 5 pictures

All matter recycles photons . This charge engine is explained, demonstrated visually and applied to the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis (GTSM). The charge engine is the underlying driver of all evolutionary processes of Astrons (stars and planets); it is what enables astrons to be dynamic and open systems and have lifespans of many billions of years.
Category: Astrophysics

[26405] viXra:1811.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 09:29:01

Improve Optical Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A team of researchers from the Dutch institute AMOLF, Western University (Canada), and the University of Texas (United States of America) recently demonstrated the use of algorithmic design to create a new type of nanophotonic structure. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[26404] viXra:1811.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 10:52:51

Accelerating Hubble Redshift

Authors: William Q. Sumner
Comments: Pages.

Understanding the “acceleration” of modern Hubble redshift measurements begins with Schr ̈odinger. In 1939 he proved that all quantum wave functions coevolve with the curved spacetime of a closed Friedmann universe. While both photon wavelengths and atomic radii are proportional to the Fried- mann radius, the wavelengths of photons that an atom emits are proportional to the square of the radius. This larger shift in atomic emissions changes the current paradigm that redshift implies ex- pansion. Instead, redshift implies the contraction of a closed Friedmann universe. Hubble redshifts are observed only when old blueshifted photons are compared to current atomic emissions that have blueshifted even more. This theoretical prediction is confirmed by modern Hubble redshift measure- ments. The Pantheon redshift data set of 1048 supernovas was analyzed assuming that atoms change like Schro ̈dinger predicted. The Hubble constant and deceleration parameter are the only variables. The fit, Ho = −72.03 ± 0.25 km s−1Mpc−1 and 1/2 < qo < 0.501, has a standard deviation 0.1516 compared to the average data error 0.1418. No modifications to general relativity or to Friedmann’s 1922 solution are necessary to explain accelerating Hubble redshifts. A nearly flat Friedmann universe accelerating in collapse is enough.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26403] viXra:1811.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 13:03:12

Gravity as a Quantum Entity

Authors: Leonardo Rubino
Comments: 4 Pages.

The gravitational pull exists as the Universe is collapsing. And why is it collapsing? For quantum-statistical reasons, that is, it must do that in order not to violate the Principle of Conservation of Energy (unjustifiable appearing of energy from nothing) or, by the same token, to respect the quantum Indetermination Principle of Heisenberg, which must be respected by all the particle-antiparticle pairs, which ideally fill the Universe itself, and them themselves have to disappear, sooner or later.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[26402] viXra:1811.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 19:31:57

Solar Planet Motion Trajectory Is A Square (Proves No.2)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

Solar Planet Motion Trajectory Is Square And Not An Ellipse This papers provides 2 proves for this claim 1-Earth Cycle (365+365+365+366) = 1461 days… the previous Cycle consists of 4 years and can be used as square form..! but the square is 4 equal distances and not periods of time…?! But We have discussed before that the time and distance values can be equivalent in some cases in the solar group geometrical structure… which means the value which we see as period of time may work as distance for another observer… (Why Earth has this 4 sidereal years Cycle?) Please review The Time definition 2-Mars Immigration proves that the solar planet motion trajectory is square and not an ellipse (This Paper discusses This Point Only) Please review Mars Immigration Proves (Revised)
Category: Astrophysics

[26401] viXra:1811.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 19:50:44

AI Physics - Atomic Structure

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 15 Pages.

With the help of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Deep Learning, the structure of the atom is computed from the results of established experiments on ionization energies and spectral emissions. The AI searches for trends and patterns in the ionization energy levels – when electrons are energized to escape from an atom. The AI first observes that the “depth” of the atomic Potential Energy Well is directly proportional to the number of protons in the nucleus, but is not dependent on the number of neutrons. The AI computes the energy levels for a “multi-layered ball” of electrons in a Potential Energy Well, and compares them to the ionization energy levels and electron depths. It identifies close similarities and proposes that electrons simply fill the three-dimensional atomic Potential Energy Well around the nucleus – loosely-packed for the lighter elements, and more tightly-packed for the heavier elements. The AI concludes that electrons are much larger than we presently imagine.
Category: Classical Physics

[26400] viXra:1811.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 03:40:49

Microworld_48. Unsolved Problems of Physics_ 8

Authors: N.N.Leonov
Comments: 27 Pages. English and russian texts

Despite of the known successes by the physical theory, it has been long haunted by principal problems incapable in solutions. The article describes how these problems are solved by the theory of non-linear oscillations (TNO). The material world objects are infinitely divisible. The material world structure consists of an infinite set of matter organization levels. Primary objects of all levels are similar to each other in their properties but significantly differ in size. Various matter organization levels are built according to the same pattern but microworld and macroworld.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[26399] viXra:1811.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 03:59:33

Dark Energy on a Cosmic Time

Authors: Friedhelm Jöge
Comments: 1 Page. Please add this additional file.

Development of Dark Energy on a cosmic time. Additional diagram to the article : http://viXra.org/abs/1807.0115?ref=10028904
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26398] viXra:1811.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 04:13:06

Another Way to Write the Riemann Zeta Function

Authors: Zach Don
Comments: 1 Page.

In this paper, I will be presenting an alternative way of writing the Riemann zeta function in terms of Euler's constant, e.
Category: Number Theory

[26397] viXra:1811.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 04:19:06

An Alternative Way of Writing the Riemann Zeta Function

Authors: Zach Don
Comments: 1 Page.

In this paper, I will propose a legitimate way of re-writing the Riemann zeta function in terms of Euler's constant, e.
Category: Number Theory

[26396] viXra:1811.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 05:13:57

The Unruh Effect: Insight from the Laws of Thermodynamics (Aps Meeting)

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers, Pierre-Marie Robitaille
Comments: 5 Pages. Presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the APS Mid-Atlantic Section, November 9-10,

This is a copy of the poster which was presented at the Mid-Atlantic Section of the American Physical Society in College Park, Maryland on November 9-10, 2018: http://meetings.aps.org/Meeting/MAS18/Session/B01.18
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26395] viXra:1811.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-11 05:13:26

The Antithrombotic Activity of Corilagin Purified from Korean Herb-Phyllanthus Ussuriensis

Authors: Kum Chol Ri
Comments: 4 Pages.

Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1(PAI-1) is a main negative regulator of the fibrinolytic system. In animal studies, inhibition of PAI-1 activity prevents arterial and venous thrombosis, indicating that PAI-1 inhibitors may be used as a new class of antithrombotics. In this study, we revealed that corilagin which purified from Korean herb, Phyllanthus ussuriensis, inhibited plasma PAI-1 and increased the activity of t-PA in vitro and in vivo. We then observed that when injected more than 6mg/kg of corilain into the rat electrically stimulated carotid artery thrombosis rat, the rethrombosis ratio was lower than 28.6%, and it was much lower than when 20000IU/kg of urokinase was injected. At the end we found out that corilagin remarkably decreased the content of plasma fibrin in the thrombosis rat and the decrease at dose of more than 6mg/kg was about 4.4 fold than the control. Our data show that corilagin is a new class of small molecule PAI-1 inhibitors with anti-thrombotic potential and has great prospect as thrombosis therapeutic drug.
Category: Biochemistry

[26394] viXra:1811.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 07:53:59

Spacetime at Quarks Scale

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Most physicists believe that the structure of spacetime is formed in an unknown way at the Planck scale, i.e., at a scale close to one trillionth of a trillionth of a metre. [30] In a recent study, the CMS collaboration describes how it has sifted through data from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to try and spot dark quarks. [29] Physicists in Italy are about to start up a new experiment designed to hunt for hypothetical particles such as the “dark photon” and carriers of a possible fifth force of nature. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[26393] viXra:1811.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 08:30:47

Find the extra shape (In Russian)

Authors: V. A. Kasimov
Comments: 2 Pages. in Russian

First, the task will put you in a dead end. No figure clearly stands out from the total number more than others. It's not as easy as it may seem in the first seconds.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[26392] viXra:1811.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 08:46:53

Haz[otea] Project. an Estimate of Rooftops' Potential for Increasing Urban Sustainability and Suggestions for Maximizing This Potential by Normative Regulation

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 77 Pages.

An estimation using Meta[S] model [Alvira, 2017] of expected impact on urban sustainability of 15 possible uses of available rooftop space in Madrid neighbourhood Palos de Moguer. The results allow suggesting some guidelines that should be incorporated in any future rooftop regulation.
Category: Social Science

[26391] viXra:1811.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 10:04:25

Spin Waves in 2-D Magnet

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

In a recently published paper in Science, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), were able to both excite and detect spin waves in a quantum Hall ferromagnet, demonstrating a new platform to investigate some of the possibilities of this promising material. [34] Taichi Goto at the Toyohashi University of Technology and Caroline Ross of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and others collaborated to create a single-crystalline yttrium iron garnet (YIG) film as a magnetic insulator on multiple substrates, and transmit the spin waves. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits
Category: Quantum Physics

[26390] viXra:1811.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 10:32:00

Quantum Compass Navigation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

The UK's first quantum accelerometer for navigation has been demonstrated by a team from Imperial College London and M Squared. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[26389] viXra:1811.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 11:09:17

AI Window into Mental Health

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

In January 2017, IBM made the bold statement that within five years, health professionals could apply AI to better understand how words and speech paint a clear window into our mental health. [26] Dating apps are using artificial intelligence to suggest where to go on a first date, recommend what to say and even find a partner who looks like your favourite celebrity. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[26388] viXra:1811.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 11:23:58

Metric System to be Changed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Officials with the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) have announced that at a meeting to be held next week, four of the base units used in the metric system will be redefined. [32] The UK's first quantum accelerometer for navigation has been demonstrated by a team from Imperial College London and M Squared. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26387] viXra:1811.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 19:18:36

Refutation of the Alleged Łukasiewicz Nightmare in Ł4 Logic: (◇p&◇q)→◇(p&q)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

In Prover9 the alleged Łukasiewicz nightmare of (◇p&◇q)→◇(p&q) is not tautologous. However, in Prover9 the nightmare recast in one variable as (◇p&◇~p)→◇(p&~p) is tautologous. In Meth8/VŁ4, both propositions are tautologous. This speaks to Meth8/VŁ4, based on the corrected modern Square of Opposition, as an exact bivalent system, as opposed to Prover9, based on the uncorrected modern Square of Opposition, as an inexact probabilistic vector space.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[26386] viXra:1811.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 19:27:36

Solar Planet Motion Trajectory Is A Square (Proves)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 22 Pages.

The Moon Orbit Uses Earth Circumference To Cover The Solar Planet Motion Real Trajectory (Which Is A Square) And To Show The Imaginary One (An Ellipse) i.e. The Solar Planet Real Trajectory Is A Square But The Moon Orbit Uses Earth Circumference To Cover This Real Trajectory And Shows The Imaginary One Which Is The An Ellipse…
Category: Astrophysics

[26385] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 22:16:25

Atiyah Constant Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis

Authors: F.M.Sanchez
Comments: 1 Page.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[26384] viXra:1811.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 00:56:54

The Importance of Quaternions & Rotational Systems in the Context of Cryo-EM Image Processing – A Simple Suggestion On Using HOL/JVM/JikesRVM/Image J Based Computing Environments.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

As the title suggests it is our sincere desire to explore “Quaternions & Rotational Systems” in the highly promising domains of Cryo-EM Image Processing to probe the frontiers of Nano-Bio Systems.
Category: Algebra

[26383] viXra:1811.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 04:41:02

Quantum Duet

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Different systems behave identically in many ways, if they belong to the same "universality class."]32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[26382] viXra:1811.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 07:27:34

AI Help Search for Love

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Dating apps are using artificial intelligence to suggest where to go on a first date, recommend what to say and even find a partner who looks like your favourite celebrity. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[26381] viXra:1811.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 08:03:06

Nanocrystals as Quantum Light Source

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26380] viXra:1811.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 08:18:52

Same but Different Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Different systems behave identically in many ways, if they belong to the same "universality class."]32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics , the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[10513] viXra:1811.0295 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-20 01:28:44

ζ(3) 

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Since ζ(3) could be represented by sin, cos and π, we report here. I spelled In wolframAlpha, sum_(n=1)^infty [sin((6n-4)*pi/3) -sin((6n-2)*pi/3) + sin(6n*pi/3)] / [sqrt(3)*n^3] =1.2020569031595942853997381615114…... be equivalent to sum_(n=1)^infty [ -cos((6n-4)/3*pi) - cos((6n-2)/3*pi) + cos(6n/3*pi) ] / (2*(n^3)) = 1.2020569031595942853997381615114……
Category: General Mathematics

[10512] viXra:1811.0270 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-18 12:02:55

Proper-Time Based Covariant Extension of Newton's Second Law

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 3 Pages.

The generic single-particle relativistic dynamical principle is usually taken to be that the time derivative of the particle's momentum is equal to the applied force. That relativistic momentum itself, however, is the particle's rest mass times the proper-time derivative of its position, so this dynamical principle is easily reverted to the original Newtonian one of the particle's mass times acceleration being equal to the force, provided that the time derivatives always refer to proper time and the force is amended by a relativistic factor of gamma, which we denote as proper force; the Lorentz covariance of the result is greatly aided by the Lorentz invariance of proper time. It is shown that the purely relativistic fourth component of this Lorentz-covariant Second Law extension pertains to the particle's power, as would be expected. Its full electromagnetic case emerges directly from a certain entirely Lorentz-invariant Lagrangian.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[10511] viXra:1811.0266 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-19 10:31:32

White Spots in Physics

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 5 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Physics appears to include quite a few white holes. Apparently, this is not very essential for the proper functioning of applied physics. Through some clever steps, some of the white patches can be addressed. That delivers striking and not thought results
Category: Quantum Physics

[10510] viXra:1811.0261 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-19 14:57:01

Principles Of《Universal and Unified Physics》

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 48 Pages. Refernce [1] “Universal and Unified Physics”, http://vixra.org/abs/1810.0016

Abstract: The Principles are human wisdoms of our ultimate philosophy, scientific theories and empirical knowledge that give birth to Universal and Unified Physics [1]. Since inauguration, it is now strikingly breaking forth systematically from the philosophy of natural laws to the unification of the entire traditional, classic and contemporary physics. This manuscript represents the triple essences of:

  • Laws of nature as Philosophy of Nature,
  • Framework of nature as Infrastructure of Universe,
  • Hierarchy of horizon structures as Topology of Physics.

By exploring the profound thoughts behind the workings of the theory, we simplify complexity of the mathematics from philosophical foundations to promote scientific theories for empiricism:

  1. Chapter I: Abstracts principles of Philosophy of Nature for themethodology in search of the truth, laws of nature, topology of universe, and hierarchy of worlds.
  2. Chapter II: Reveals secrets of how the Infrastructure of Universe is developed with the mathematical framework, event evolutions and YinYang processes to carry out Universal Field Equations and give rise to the foundations of physical Horizons.
  3. Chapter III: Testifies why the theory can unify our modern physics, conclude numerous groundbreakings, and declare it as Universal and Unified Physics.

Therefore, readers will not only grasp the new concepts and techniques, but also gain their confidences in development of our future sciences concisely and effectively.

 


Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[10509] viXra:1811.0247 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-19 01:19:09

On Bell's Experiment

Authors: Han Geurdes
Comments: 5 Pages.

With the use of tropical algebra operators and a d=2 parameter vectors space, Bell's theorem does not forbid a, physics vvalid, reproduction of the quantum correlation.
Category: Quantum Physics

[10508] viXra:1811.0222 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-18 01:28:07

Real Numbers in the Neighborhood of Infinity

Authors: Jonathan W. Tooker
Comments: 11 Pages.

We demonstrate the existence of a broad class of real numbers which are not elements of any number field: those in the neighborhood of infinity. After considering the reals and the affinely extended reals we prove that numbers in the neighborhood of infinity are ordinary real numbers. As an application in complex analysis, we show that the Riemann zeta function has infinitely many non-trivial zeros off the critical line in the neighborhood of infinity.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[10507] viXra:1811.0222 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-16 21:03:52

Real Numbers in the Neighborhood of Infinity

Authors: Jonathan W. Tooker
Comments: 11 Pages. fixed a catastophic error associated with Def 1.3 in v1

We demonstrate the existence of a broad class of real numbers which are not elements of any number field: those in the neighborhood of infinity. After considering the reals and the affinely extended reals we prove that numbers in the neighborhood of infinity are ordinary real numbers. As an application in complex analysis, we show that the Riemann zeta function has infinitely many non-trivial zeros off the critical line in the neighborhood of infinity.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[10506] viXra:1811.0221 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-18 04:01:07

Hoyle-Wickramasinghe Panspermia is Far More Than a Hypothesis

Authors: Edward J. Steele, Reginald M. Gorczynski, Gensuke Tokoro, Dayal T. Wickramasinghe, N. Chandra Wickramasinghe
Comments: 17 Pages.

The hypothesis of life being a cosmic rather than a terrestrial phenomenon has evolved from the mid 1970's onwards and is documented in an extensive body of publications by Fred Hoyle, Chandra Wickramasinghe and their many collaborators and students in the columns of Nature and other peer-reviewed journals.  After nearly 5 decades of pursuing a rigorous Popperian prediction/verification cycle, and the emergence of a vast body of astronomical and biological evidence, the reigning Aristotelean dogma of Earth-bound abiogenesis is now seriously threatened.  A paradigm shift to the H-W theory of cosmic life (H-W Panspermia) has been long overdue, and is currently held back mostly by sociological impediments. Here we outline the special subset of scientific facts which constitute, in our minds, the demarcation data set which distinguishes the terrestrial theory of evolution (neo-Darwinism) based on abiogenesis from the new cosmic theory of evolution (H-W Panspermia).
Category: Physics of Biology

[10505] viXra:1811.0218 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-19 10:29:18

Witte Vlekken in de Natuurkunde

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 5 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

De natuurkunde blijkt nog een flink aantal witte plekken te omvatten. Kennelijk is dat niet erg essentieel voor de goede werking van de toegepaste natuurkunde. Via wat slimme stappen kunnen een aantal van de witte vlekken worden aangepakt. Dat levert frappante en niet gedachte resultaten op.
Category: Quantum Physics

[10504] viXra:1811.0218 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-17 15:24:33

Witte Vlekken in de Natuurkunde

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 5 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Project

De natuurkunde blijkt nog een flink aantal witte gaten te omvatten. Kennelijk is dat niet erg essentieel voor de goede werking van de toegepaste natuurkunde. Via wat slimme stappen kunnen een aantal van de witte vlekken worden aangepakt. Dat levert frappante en niet gedachte resultaten op.
Category: Quantum Physics

[10503] viXra:1811.0201 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-20 01:57:07

Holographic Interval of Space-Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 4 Pages.

The emergence of space-time from a common Hilbert space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10502] viXra:1811.0148 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-14 07:22:11

Refutation of the Alleged Łukasiewicz Nightmare in Ł4 Logic: (◇p&◇q)→◇(p&q)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

In Prover9 the alleged Łukasiewicz nightmare of (◇p&◇q)→◇(p&q) is not tautologous. However, in Prover 9 the nightmare recast in one variable as (◇p&◇~p)→◇(p&~p) is tautologous. In Meth8/VŁ4, both propositions are tautologous. This speaks to Meth8/VŁ4, based on the corrected modern Square of Opposition as an exact bivalent system, opposed to Prover9, based on the uncorrected modern Square of Opposition as an inexact probabilistic vector space.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[10501] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-21 03:31:43

Atiyah Approach Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis and Confirms Coherent Cosmology, Eddington's and String Theories

Authors: Atiyah Approach excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis, confirms Coherent Cosmology, Eddington's, String Theories
Comments: 6 Pages.

Fine tuning relations using Atiyah cosnstant and Eddington number 137 connect with the Fermi coupling constant, the muon mass and the G value, in 10-9 compatibility with both the Coherent Cosmology G value and the electron magnetic moment. This shows a 9D and 6D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory, while the tachyonic Bosonic one is confirmed by c-free analysis, with emphasis on a 30 dimension Space. This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10500] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-19 09:33:28

Atiyah Constant Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis and Confirm Eddington's and Superstring Theories

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10^-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10^-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. A symmetrical extension showing superstring 6D and 9D spaces gives a G value compatible with the Quinn measurement (2.5 × 10^-5), and the Coherent Cosmology value (10^-7), showing the superstring reduction from 9D to 3D. A very simple formula connects G and the electron magnetic moment to 10^-9. This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10499] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-16 23:37:25

Atiyah Constant Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis and Confirm Eddington's and Superstring Theories

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. A symmetrical extension showing superstring 6D and 9D spaces, showing the superstring reduction from 9D to 3D, gives a G value compatible with the Quinn measurement (2.5 × 10^-5) and the Coherent Cosmology value (10^-7). This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10498] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-15 00:18:01

Atiyah Constant Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 1 Page.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. A symmetrical extension showing superstring 6D and 9D spaces gives a G value compatible with the Quinn measurement (2.5 × 10-5), and the Coherent Cosmology value (10-7). This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10497] viXra:1811.0145 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-19 03:58:47

Discovery of Prime Number Production Equation by Complex Number (√24a+4i)^2+33 and (√6a+4i)^2+33 and (√10a+4i)^2+35

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 9 Pages.

I tried variously. (30a+bi)^2+k (24a+bi)^2+k (1007a+bi)^2+k (60a+bi)^2+k etc. (a, b and k are positive integer.) Only the real part of the complex number was extracted. However, in the above formula it did not work well. and, It settled down. (√24a+4i)^2+33 and (√6a+4i)^2+33 I half successful. √8, √12, √14, √18 did not succeed. Last, (√10a+4i)^2+35 (a are positive integer) I half successful. Only the real part of the complex number was extracted. However, a relatively large number of things that are not prime numbers are still included. The challenge to my prime production ceremony will continue.
Category: Number Theory