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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[30876] viXra:1908.0434 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 06:47:41

A New Numerical Method for Multi-Roots Finding with the R Software

Authors: Kouider Mohammed Ridha
Comments: 5 Pages.

The most basic problem in numerical analysis (methods) is the root finding problem. In this paper we interesting in new numerical method which based on the Modified Bisection Method(MBM) referred to by Tanakan, (2013, [13]) superficially and didn't know her as a numerical method for finding the roots of a function. Hence in this study we define her as a new numerical method with error bound and the number iterations necessary. Finally we present a new MBM for multi-roots with the R software.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[30875] viXra:1908.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 06:52:54

Etymology of the Russian Words Light and Darkness

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The probable etymology of these antonyms is considered
Category: Linguistics

[30874] viXra:1908.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 06:53:06

Penetrating Laser Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Lastly, a work group in Montpellier observed that the HgCdTe compound actually emits terahertz waves when electric current is applied. [39] When exposed to intense laser pulses, the magnetization of a material can be manipulated very fast. [38] A new laser-pointing platform developed at MIT may help launch miniature satellites into the high-rate data game. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30873] viXra:1908.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 07:41:02

On the New Developments Concerning the Mock Theta Functions of Various Order. Further Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole Physics.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 161 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained further interesting mathematical connections with various Ramanujan’s Mock theta functions of order 8, order 7, order 6, order 2 and some sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole Physics.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[30872] viXra:1908.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 10:05:01

Electrons as Gluons?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper offers some alternatives to the standard quark-gluon theory of nucleons and the nucleus. We readily admit these ideas are probably more fun than serious. However, we do invite the reader to think through it for himself, and we kindly request him to point out more inconsistencies – on top of the ones we identified ourselves – so as to further stimulate the ongoing quest for a realist model of nucleons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[30871] viXra:1908.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 12:04:00

Black Holes with Tabletop Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

A research team from Osaka University, Nihon University and Chuo University has proposed a novel theoretical framework whose experiment could be performed in a laboratory to better understand the physics of black holes. [21] Answering the question "How did galaxies form and evolve during the 13.8-billion-year history of the universe?" has been one top issue in modern astronomy. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[30870] viXra:1908.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 13:26:39

The Riemann Hypothesis Proof

Authors: Shekhar Suman
Comments: 9 Pages. Please read once

We take the integral representation of the Riemann Zeta Function over entire complex plane, except for a pole at 1. Later we draw an equivalent to the Riemann Hypothesis by studying its monotonicity properties.
Category: Number Theory

[30869] viXra:1908.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 14:42:16

Refutation of the Hoop and Pocrim in Heyting Algebras

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 4 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate 14 equations for the hoop and pocrim in Heyting algebras as not tautologous. The methodology of using proof assistants Prover9 and Mace8 is also refuted. These artifacts form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[30868] viXra:1908.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 15:02:57

Theta Waves in Treating Auditory Hallucinations Using Super-Conscious Meditation.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages.

Abstract: Theta waves, generated in intense 10 minute superconscious meditation has been known to reduce the incidence of auditory hallucinations in schizophrenics, in a study using the Muse Headset, a new era of personal EEG wearables, the author, over a period of 3 weeks has proven the efficacy of superconscious meditation in successfully preventing psychosis in schizophrenia spectrum disorder, in conjunction with stuffed toy based avatar therapy, meditation could work as a replacement for psychiatric medicines, which have harmful side effects and often increase the severity of symptoms, rather than heal them. Keywords: Schizophrenia, Auditory Hallucinations, EEG Wearables, Avatar Therapy, Theta Waves.
Category: Mind Science

[30867] viXra:1908.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 15:10:57

The Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Shekhar Suman
Comments: 7 Pages.

Analytical continuation gives a functional equation having nice properties. Further we give an equivalence of riemann hypotheis through its monotonicity in specific intervals
Category: Number Theory

[30866] viXra:1908.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 18:05:24

Light Velocity Effect On Solar System Geometry

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 21 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses (I) Light Velocity 1-There are 2 light velocities work in the solar system. Which are light known velocity (= 0.3mkm/sec) and light supposed velocity (=1.16 mkm/sec) 2-Light supposed velocity (1.16 mkm/sec) creates the distance by its motion (where Space = Energy) – 3-Planet Matter is created from the distance energy – that explains the relationship between Planet Matter (diameter or mass) with its orbital distance 4-Planet Matter is created from distance energy (Space =Energy) by relativistic effects help (specifically based on length contraction effect the distance energy give a birth for a matter) 5-Matter is relative to Light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec), (equation E=mc2 supports that). That's why our 5 senses (material senses) can't discover or realize any other light velocity than the known one (0.3mkm/sec) – and that's why the light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec) is the highest in our universe (Matter Universe) 6-Means… the light supposed velocity (1.16mkm/sec) is always around us but we can neither discover nor realize it because our senses are limited to the known one (0.3 mkm/sec) 7-Light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec) is produced from the original one (1.16 mkm/sec) (II) Energy Transportation 8-The Solar Group is created from one energy- this energy (light with supposed velocity 1.16 mkm/sec) creates Planets matters, orbital distances and the light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec) 9-The solar group is one trajectory of energy – and each planet is a point on this same trajectory – 10-That means the Energy is transported from point to another point through the solar system – and that explains Planets Data Dependency where all solar planets data is created relative to each other because they are created from one source (one energy) 11-Energy Transportation process should be a crucial proof for this theory –in this paper we should follow energy transportation process details to prove it. Primary Conclusion All Solar Planets Data Is Controlled By One Equation Only Because all planets data is created relative to each – where all data is created from the same source (the same energy) – i.e. All data is relative to each other and one Equation only controls all of them – i.e. (If I know this Equation and I know just Earth Diameter – as example-, based on this Equation I can conclude Uranus diameter, Mars axial tilt or even Pluto mass…. Any other data I can conclude this equation) In this Paper we follow the Energy Transportation process to prove it's a fact Also the paper tries to prove all previous hypotheses
Category: Astrophysics

[30865] viXra:1908.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 20:07:39

Replication of the Keyword Extraction Part of the Paper "Without the Clutter of Unimportant Words": Descriptive Keyphrases for Text Visualization

Authors: Shibamouli Lahiri
Comments: 36 Pages.

"Keyword Extraction" refers to the task of automatically identifying the most relevant and informative phrases in natural language text. As we are deluged with large amounts of text data in many different forms and content - emails, blogs, tweets, Facebook posts, academic papers, news articles - the task of "making sense" of all this text by somehow summarizing them into a coherent structure assumes paramount importance. Keyword extraction - a well-established problem in Natural Language Processing - can help us here. In this report, we construct and test three different hypotheses (all related to the task of keyword extraction) that take us one step closer to understanding how to meaningfully identify and extract "descriptive" keyphrases. The work reported here was done as part of replicating the study by Chuang et al. [3].
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[30864] viXra:1908.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 04:32:02

Ultraviolet Watching Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

A new technique developed by a team at MIT can map the complete electronic band structure of materials at high resolution. [24] Correlations between the radial positions and radial momenta of entangled pairs of photons have been measured for the first time by physicists in China, Canada and the US. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30863] viXra:1908.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 05:02:25

A Final Proof of The abc Conjecture

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 10 Pages. Comments welcome. Submitted to the Ramanujan Journal.

In this paper, we consider the abc conjecture. As the conjecture c<rad^2(abc) is less open, we give firstly the proof of a modified conjecture that is c<2rad^2(abc). The factor 2 is important for the proof of the new conjecture that represents the key of the proof of the main conjecture. Secondly, the proof of the abc conjecture is given for \epsilon \geq 1, then for \epsilon \in ]0,1[. We choose the constant K(\epsion) as K(\epsilon)=2e^{\frac{1}{\epsilon^2} } for $\epsilon \geq 1 and K(\epsilon)=e^{\frac{1}{\epsilon^2}} for \epsilon \in ]0,1[. Some numerical examples are presented.
Category: Number Theory

[30862] viXra:1908.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 06:29:50

Quantum Internet Reality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30861] viXra:1908.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 07:18:13

Black Hole Swallowing Neutron Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Scientists, including from The Australian National University (ANU), say they have detected a black hole swallowing a neutron star for the first time. [10] Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8]
Category: Astrophysics

[30860] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 07:38:25

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma (BCCP)

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 3 Pages. Comments welcome.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed ‘brain-controlled cold plasma’ (BCCP).
Category: Quantum Physics

[30859] viXra:1908.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 09:50:51

God and Mathematical Beauty IV

Authors: Johannes Abdus Salam
Comments: 1 Page.

I discovered an evidence of the existence of God as the mathematically beautiful equality of the Euler product.
Category: Number Theory

[30858] viXra:1908.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 10:27:26

Precession Cycle Effect

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 15 Pages.

Earth orbital distance =149.6 mkm – the light (0.3mkm/sec) needs around 500 seconds to pass this distance… Why? Paper Hypotheses Because (1)Solar Group is one Trajectory of Energy – through which the Energy transports from point to another (2)Pluto sends The Energy To Earth (3)Pluto motion depends on a period =500 seconds – using by light beam with velocity =1.16 mkm/sec (4)Earth motion depends on a period =500 seconds – using by light beam with velocity =0.3 mkm/sec (5)The period 500 seconds is sent with Pluto energy to Earth (6)The sending energy causes Pluto and Earth data harmony The paper tries to prove these facts
Category: Astrophysics

[30857] viXra:1908.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 10:52:03

Basque Language and the Graphical Law

Authors: Anindya Kumar Biswas
Comments: 19 Pages.

We study a Basque to English dictionary. We draw in the natural logarithm scale, number of words starting with a letter vs rank of the letter, both normalised. We find that the graphs are closer to the curves of reduced magnetisation vs reduced temperature for various approximations of Ising model.
Category: Linguistics

[30856] viXra:1908.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 11:11:26

Cauchy's Integral Formula and Simple Proof

Authors: Atabey Mahmudov
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this article, we introduce Cauchy's integral formula and proving by using analiticity of function inside of disk
Category: Functions and Analysis

[30855] viXra:1908.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 13:46:58

Quantum Tensor Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Tensor networks take a central role in quantum physics as they can provide an efficient approximation to specific classes of quantum states. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30854] viXra:1908.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 14:04:20

Ions Scaled-Up Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Scientists at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) have been steadily improving the performance of ion trap systems, a leading platform for future quantum computers. [34] Tensor networks take a central role in quantum physics as they can provide an efficient approximation to specific classes of quantum states. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30853] viXra:1908.0410 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 23:08:34

Sagnac Effect on Inertial Motion

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 2 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications

Wang, Zheng, and Yao carried out an experiment in 2004 to determine if the Sagnac effect can be applied to the inertial motion. Their experiment showed that there was indeed phase difference between the two light beams passing through the same optical fiber in inertial motion. However, the focus of their experiment was on the rest frame of the light source. They did not realize that the time difference from the phase difference should exist in all reference frames. The difference in the elapsed time taken by two light beams to pass through the linear fiber segment in the rest frame of the segment effectively corresponds to the speed difference between two light beams. The Sagnac effect in inertial motion provides a precise experimental evidence that the speed of light is different in a different reference frame.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[30852] viXra:1908.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 00:50:18

Can the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation be Doppler Shifted Light from Receding Superluminal Galaxies ?

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper we propose a new idea that the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation ( CMBR ) could be Doppler shifted light from receding superluminal distant galaxies. One immediate objection to this idea is that superluminal velocities do not exist in nature. However, we know that superluminal galaxies have already been observed. Moreover, in my recent paper entitled " Absolute Motion, Light Speed Limit, Superluminal Galaxies and Star Light Bending " , I have shown how absolute motion, light speed limit and superluminal galaxies can co-exist in the universe. Hubble's law also predicts superluminal galaxies at sufficiently large distances. A new exponential law of Doppler effect is introduced: λ' = λ eV/c and f ' = f e -V/c , where e is Euler's constant. Using the new law of Doppler effect, CMBR frequency and Hubble's law we estimate the distance and speed of the superluminal galaxies the CMBR radiation is mainly coming from.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[30851] viXra:1908.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 00:57:26

Lab-Based Dark Energy Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

An experiment to test a popular theory of dark energy has found no evidence of new forces, placing strong constraints on related theories. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium-the vast, largely empty space between galaxies-to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far-and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[30850] viXra:1908.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 01:15:36

Proteins Smart Interaction

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Now an ETH research group has for the first time isolated and studied all the key proteins involved in this process, laying the foundation for investigating many diseases. [38] Cancer that has spread to the central nervous system is notoriously difficult to treat. Now, UCLA researchers have developed a drug delivery system that breaks through the blood-brain barrier in order to reach and treat cancer that has spread to the central nervous system. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34] Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology-OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32] Washington State University researchers for the first time have shown that they can use electrical fields to gain valuable information about the tiny, floating vesicles that move around in animals and plants and are critically important to many biological functions. [31] Finding a fast and inexpensive way to detect specific strains of bacteria and viruses is critical to food safety, water quality, environmental protection and human health. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30849] viXra:1908.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 02:04:25

Physicochemical and Thermal Characterization of Ascorbic Acid: Impact of Biofield Energy Treatment

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) acts as an antioxidant and plays a vital role in maintaining good health. The study was designed with the aim to determine the influence of the Trivedi Effect® on the various properties of ascorbic acid by using the modern analytical techniques. The study sample was divided into two parts. The first part was considered as control (no treatment), while the second part was termed as the Biofield Energy Treated sample and it was treated with the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak. The PXRD peak intensities and the crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -67.75% to 1059.21% and -29.41% to 271.10% respectively, whereas the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 50.67% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The particle size analysis of the treated ascorbic acid was reduced by 8.23% (d10), 22.07% (d50), 11.64% (d90), and 15.81% {D(4,3)} and the surface area was increased by 15.38% as compared to the untreated sample. The weight loss was 20.57%; however, the residue amount was significantly increased by 573.99% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperatures were increased by 0.58% and 4.93%, respectively, of the treated sample compared to the control sample. The decomposition temperature was decreased by 4.17%; however, the ΔHfusion and ΔHdecomposition were increased by 9.13% and 110.60%, respectively of the treated sample compared to the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment showed the possible formation of a new polymorph of ascorbic acid that may show better solubility, dissolution, and bioavailability, as well as more thermally stable compared to the control sample. Hence, it might be advantageous to use the Biofield Energy Treated ascorbic acid in various nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations to improve their efficacy.
Category: Biochemistry

[30848] viXra:1908.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 02:05:06

Evaluation of Stress Biomarkers after Oral Administration of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Novel Herbomineral Formulation in Male Sprague Dawley Rats

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

The study aim was to investigate the anti-stress effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated test formulation using behavioral tests, hormonal levels and antioxidants in male Sprague Dawley rats. The test formulation was divided into two parts, one was represented as control, while the other was treated with Biofield Energy by Mr. Mahendra Kumar Trivedi (The Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing) and defined as the Biofield Energy Treated sample. OFT data showed the frequency of total square-cross was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) increased by 49.11% in the animals per se received Biofield Energy Treatment (-15 days) (G6) compared to stress control (G2). Freezing time was significantly (p ≤ 0.01) reduced by 21.48%, 43.79%, 42.79%, 44.79%, and 58.21% in the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (G5), G6, Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (-15 days) (G7), Biofield Energy Treated animals with Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (-15 days) (G8) and Biofield Energy Treatment per se to animals plus untreated test formulation (G9), respectively compared to G2. Defecation was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) decreased by 92.01% in the G8 compared to G2. Urination was significantly reduced by 53.19% and 46.81% in the G8 and G9, respectively compared to G2. FST showed the number of climbing was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) increased by 37.5%, 70.83%, 50%, 102.17%, and 68.83% in the G5, G6, G7, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. Swimming time was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) increased by 30.09%, 70%, 17.66%, 83%, and 100% in the G5, G6, G7, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. The resting time was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) decreased by 21.54%, 50%, 55%, and 63% in the G5, G6, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. Corticosterone was significantly decreased by 29%, 26%, 31%, and 36% in the G5, G6, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. Testosterone was significantly increased by 275% (p ≤ 0.05), 83%, 70%, 181%, and 164% in the G5, G6, G7, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. SOD was significantly (p ≤ 0.001) increased by 15%, 53%, 57%, 61%, and 58% in the G5, G6, G7, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. Further, CAT was significantly increased by 19% and 14% in the G5 and G6, respectively compared to G2. Overall, data suggest that Biofield Energy Treatment per se and Biofield Energy Treated test formulation have significant anti-stress activity and could be utilized in various stress related disorders like asthma, obesity, diabetes, headaches, depression and anxiety, gastrointestinal problems, Alzheimer’s disease, accelerated aging, and premature death.
Category: Biochemistry

[30847] viXra:1908.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 02:05:51

Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Cefazolin Sodium

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Cefazolin sodium is a broad-spectrum first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic useful for the treatment of many bacterial infections. The aim of this research work was to estimate the impact of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of cefazolin using the modern analytical technique. Cefazolin sample was divided into control and treated parts. No Biofield Energy Treatment was provided to the control part of cefazolin; whereas, the treated part received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a distinguished Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The particle size values in the treated cefazolin were significantly increased by 11.44%(d10), 3.15%(d50), 2.35%(d90), and 2.42%{D(4,3)}; hence, the specific surface area was decreased by 4.54% compared to the control sample. The evaporation and decomposition temperature of the treated cefazolin was increased by 27.56% and 0.12%, respectively; however, the latent heat of evaporation and latent heat of decomposition was significantly altered by 1151.8% and -53.75%, respectively compared to the control cefazolin. The total weight loss was decreased by 6.57%, but the residue amount was significantly increased by 137.5% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature of the 1st and 2nd peak was significantly altered by 5.58% and -28.66% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have introduced a new polymorphic form of cefazolin which may offer better powder flowability, smooth surface, and good thermal stability compared with the untreated sample. The treated cefazolin would be a more efficacious pharmaceutical formulation against cellulitis, urinary and respiratory tract infections, pneumonia, endocarditis, joint infection, genital infections, blood infections, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30846] viXra:1908.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 02:18:13

Unishox Guaranteed Compression for Short Unicode Strings

Authors: Arundale Ramanathan
Comments: 15 Pages.

A new hybrid encoding method is proposed, with which short unicode strings could be compressed using context aware pre-mapped codes and delta coding resulting in surprisingly good ratios.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[30845] viXra:1908.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 04:45:45

Merging Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

In a new paper based on Ilustris simulated images of merger galaxies, the astronomers present a way to help identify when imaged systems are mergers. [11] Scientists, including from The Australian National University (ANU), say they have detected a black hole swallowing a neutron star for the first time. [10] Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9]
Category: Astrophysics

[30844] viXra:1908.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 05:05:24

Three-Dimensional Quantum Hall Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

The quantum Hall effect (QHE), which was previously known for two-dimensional (2-D) systems, was predicted to be possible for three-dimensional (3-D) systems by Bertrand Halperin in 1987, but the theory was not proven until recently by researchers from the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) and their research collaborators from around the globe. [12] Using ultracold atoms trapped in a periodically modulated two-dimensional superlattice potential, the scientists could observe a dynamical version of a novel type of quantum Hall effect that is predicted to occur in four-dimensional systems. [11] Using two types of "designer" quantum dots, researchers are creating double-pane solar windows that generate electricity with greater efficiency and create shading and insulation for good measure. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[30843] viXra:1908.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 05:33:04

Photons Entangled Quantum States

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Correlations between the radial positions and radial momenta of entangled pairs of photons have been measured for the first time by physicists in China, Canada and the US. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light particles non-destructively. [22] A study by the Quantum Technologies for Information Science (QUTIS) group of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has produced a series of protocols for quantum sensors that could allow images to be obtained by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance of single biomolecules using a minimal amount of radiation. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30842] viXra:1908.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 05:59:18

Earth's Energy Budget Beyond of Standard Model of Physics

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 6 Pages.

As mainstream do not account for “charge field” and vortical level of matter, it’s geophysical constructions remain infertile and necessary connected to chaos theory. A broader shematic look to problem is proposed. Coincidence of Carrington event with start of what mainstream call “geomagnetic pole shift” become more logical. Also acceleration of this shift in recent years. Underlying mechanics for this connection however remain obscure.
Category: Climate Research

[30841] viXra:1908.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 08:15:15

Optofluidic Nanopore Smart Gate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A new chip-based platform developed by researchers at UC Santa Cruz integrates nanopores and optofluidic technology with a feedback-control circuit to enable an unprecedented level of control over individual molecules and particles on a chip for high-throughput analysis. [26] The ability to observe how life works at a nanoscale level is a grand challenge of our time. [25] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have now discovered how a protein called LMI1 can control leaf growth and shape. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30840] viXra:1908.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 08:34:36

Nano-Sized Cellular Process

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Nanometers are one billionth of a meter, a metric typically used to measure molecules and scientific building blocks not visible to the human eye. [27] A new chip-based platform developed by researchers at UC Santa Cruz integrates nanopores and optofluidic technology with a feedback-control circuit to enable an unprecedented level of control over individual molecules and particles on a chip for high-throughput analysis. [26] The ability to observe how life works at a nanoscale level is a grand challenge of our time. [25] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have now discovered how a protein called LMI1 can control leaf growth and shape. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30839] viXra:1908.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 09:09:45

Carbon Dots Cancer Treatment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

A pioneering new technique that could make light-based cancer treatment more effective and safer for patients, while reducing its cost, has been developed by researchers from the University of Sheffield. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30838] viXra:1908.0395 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 09:57:14

God and Mathematical Beauty II

Authors: Johannes Abdus Salam, Addie bint Ishak
Comments: 1 Page.

We discovered an evidence of the existence of God as the mathematically beautiful equality of Gaussian integral.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[30837] viXra:1908.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 10:03:41

Mimotope Variation Analysis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology-OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32] Washington State University researchers for the first time have shown that they can use electrical fields to gain valuable information about the tiny, floating vesicles that move around in animals and plants and are critically important to many biological functions. [31] Finding a fast and inexpensive way to detect specific strains of bacteria and viruses is critical to food safety, water quality, environmental protection and human health. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30836] viXra:1908.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 10:08:45

Compton Scattering Not Well Verified

Authors: Chan Rasjid Kah Chew
Comments: 6 Pages.

Compton scattering cannot yet be said to have been verified beyond any doubt. The only verification experiment performed is still the original experiment of A.H.Compton from 1922. To date, there is not another experiment done to corroborate the 1922 findings. There are modern experiments done in the laboratories of today’s universities to verify Compton scattering with γ-ray sources from radionuclides where the energies of the rays are measured with NaI scintillation detectors or germanium detectors. Such experiments are shown to be invalid as the result that shows clear agreement with the theory is all due to the calibration of the detectors and nothing besides. Furthermore, a verification that the inverse of energy 1/E varying linearly with (1 − cos θ) is insufficient as a verification of the full Compton scattering formula for wavelength changes. A proper verification requires verifying the wavelength formula where the wavelength is measured directly.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[30835] viXra:1908.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 15:40:31

Unified Principles of Nature: Solution to the "Problem of Time” II

Authors: Manfred U.E.Pohl
Comments: 6 Pages.

Within the first article „Solution to the Problem of Time“ [1] the author explored the origin of time and suggested the Unified Priciples of Nature that must be applied in order to unify Quantum Gravity and General Relativity without contradiction. To emphasis the urging conclusion out of the Solution to the „Problem of Time“ the author summarize in this paper the claim to reintroduce rational thought and argument in science in order to solve pressing problems in human society. Science must consider the Scientific God to unite Quantum Theroy and General Relativity into a theory that can describe and predict reality.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[30834] viXra:1908.0391 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 16:34:48

Publications and Closure Theorems.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: We consider the world of scientific publications, from their journey of inception in an editor to a publication server like the DOI server. Publications live in an interactive fiction universe of text and hyper-media. We define closure operations on Camera streams, IF based Rooms and arrays of publication urls. Since we believe in open science and technology, the publications are not subjected to undue scrutiny, judgement and review by peers. They find freedom in an open repository. Formal theory of closure theorems are presented. Keywords: Publication Space, Camera Readiness, Interactive Fiction, Open Publishing, OCR, Digital Repositories, Closure Theorems, Isomorphism, Homeomorphism
Category: General Mathematics

[30833] viXra:1908.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 17:03:48

Cuadrado Mágico de Orden 7

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 6 Pages. Idioma Español

Este documento demuestra el descubrimiento de patrones ocultos en los cuadrados mágicos, estos forman figuras geométricas sorprendentes Cuando reducimos los valores de un cuadrado mágico a los 9 principales dígitos, este forma 3 patrones. Dos opuestos complementarios, (estos se necesitan entre sí para lograr la armonía) y un tercero llamado equitativo el cual está organizado y en equilibrado en sí mismo.
Category: General Mathematics

[30832] viXra:1908.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 19:31:04

Space, and the Propagation of Light

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this paper, theoretical uncertainties fuelled by ad-hoc fixes of theory to explain observed astrophysical anomalies using models upholding the idea of space being a field of potential inertia for bodies in relative motion are discussed. A few of the basic discussion points include determining the difference between scientific space and mathematical space, the cosmic expansion of space, the ad-hoc theoretical localised effect of gravity in galaxies, and the need to use ideas such as dark matter and dark energy. This paper takes the current uncertainties and ad-hoc theoretical fixes in astrophysics theory and places those uncertainties and ad-hoc theoretical fixes together with the aim of determining the root cause of all the general anomalies, here in this paper identified as the idea of labelling space with “inertia”. Then, a general idea of space, more universal than contemporary theories hold, is presented, and demonstrated to uphold all observed astrophysical data. The general “fix” proposed here is a new theory for space, joining both the contemporary scientific and mathematical notions of space in the one construct without using the idea of “inertia”. To achieve this task, a general review of astrophysical data is presented, and each theoretical step used in history to explain that observed astrophysical data, while along the process here making mention both the uncertainty and the ad-hoc theoretical fix being used. all leading to “one” fundamental key oversight in physics theory, prompting the general fix to the standard model. Finally, a new landscape of the universe as a model is presented bearing reference to this new appraisal of space, further shedding light on the previous series of papers [1-10].
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[30831] viXra:1908.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 22:30:24

God and Mathematical Beauty III

Authors: Addie bint Ishak
Comments: 1 Page.

I discovered an evidence of the existence of God as the mathematically beautiful equality of the sum of all natural numbers.
Category: General Mathematics

[30830] viXra:1908.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 23:12:59

Power Transmission with Wire Antennas

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 2 Pages.

A power transfer system is designed with wire antennas. There are three wires, which are transmitter, receiver, and counterpoise. The counterpoise wire is placed between the transmitter and receiver to modify the electric field between transmitter and receiver so that the transmitter current is reduced and the transfer efficiency is increased.
Category: Classical Physics

[30829] viXra:1908.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 23:38:52

Life and Death as Antonyms

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

An example of origin of antonyms is reviewed
Category: Linguistics

[30828] viXra:1908.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 01:32:50

Nano-Sized Factories for Biotech

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34] Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology—OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30827] viXra:1908.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 02:32:39

Absolute Motion, Light Speed Limit, Superluminal Galaxies and Star Light Bending

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper we assert that absolute motion is not motion relative to the hypothetical ether. Absolute motion is fundamentally motion of a body relative to all matter in the universe. Hence absolute motion does exist but the ether doesn't exist. The ether has been disproved by the Michelson-Morley experiment and the Arago and the Airy star light refraction and aberration experiments. On the other hand, absolute motion has been detected in the Silvertooth, the CMBR anisotropy, the Marinov, the Roland De Witte and other experiments. We show how this view of absolute motion can also be compatible with the observed phenomena of light speed limit, superluminal galaxies. We show that star light deflection near the Sun doesn't exist.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[30826] viXra:1908.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 02:32:58

Stronger Graphene Oxide Paper

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

A new study from Northwestern University researchers shows that better GO "paper" can be made by mixing strong, solid GO flakes with weak, porous GO flakes. [48] This research was supported by the Institute for Basic Science, and has been published in the journal Advanced Materials. [47] The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46]
Category: Condensed Matter

[30825] viXra:1908.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 02:42:39

Proof of the Riemann Hypothesis(really Final)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 6 Pages.

I treat Riemann hypothesis as a series and proved it. Up to now, I have tried to expand this equation and prove Riemann hypothesis with the equation of cos, sin, but the proof was impossible. However, I realized that a simple formula before expansion can prove it.
Category: Number Theory

[30824] viXra:1908.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 03:00:37

Nanoscale Drug Delivery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34] Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30823] viXra:1908.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 03:20:57

Nanotechnology Stem Cell Transplantation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30822] viXra:1908.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 03:43:28

Nanomembrane Wearable Human Interfaces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Wearable electronic human-machine interfaces (HMIs) are an emerging class of devices to facilitate human and machine interactions. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34] Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology-OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32] Washington State University researchers for the first time have shown that they can use electrical fields to gain valuable information about the tiny, floating vesicles that move around in animals and plants and are critically important to many biological functions. [31] Finding a fast and inexpensive way to detect specific strains of bacteria and viruses is critical to food safety, water quality, environmental protection and human health. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30821] viXra:1908.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 03:57:28

Nanocapsule Reaches Nervous Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Cancer that has spread to the central nervous system is notoriously difficult to treat. Now, UCLA researchers have developed a drug delivery system that breaks through the blood-brain barrier in order to reach and treat cancer that has spread to the central nervous system. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30820] viXra:1908.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:31:36

The Effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on Physico-chemical and Thermal Properties of 6-Mercaptopurine

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 11 Pages.

6-Mercaptopurine is an antimetabolite antineoplastic agent. The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on physicochemical and thermal properties of 6-mercaptopurine using the modern analytical technique. The 6-mercaptopurine sample was divided into two parts, one part of mercaptopurine was considered as a control sample, while the other part was subjected to the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and termed as a treated sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -63.38% to 3.85% and -55.26% to 228.26%, respectively, whereas the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 8.16% in the treated mercaptopurine compared with the control sample. The particle size values were significantly decreased by 26.63% (d10), 24.43% (d50), 17.56% (d90), and 21.41% [D (4,3)] and the specific surface area was significantly increased by 38.57% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion was significantly increased by 49.97% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The total weight loss was decreased by 11.45%; whereas the residue amount was significantly increased by 160.07% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The results indicated that the Trivedi Effect® might lead to the generation of a new polymorphic form of mercaptopurine which would offer better solubility, absorption, and bioavailability compared with the control sample, which would be useful in designing novel pharmaceutical formulations for the better therapeutic responses against leukemia, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30819] viXra:1908.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:32:47

Immunomodulatory Effect of Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Based Herbomineral Formulation

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Complementary medicines are accepting world-wide and are used extensively due to its safe and non-toxic nature. The aim of the study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory potential of the Biofield Energy Treated (known as The Trivedi Effect®) novel proprietary formulation and Biofield Energy Treatment per se on male rats. The formulation was divided into two parts, one part was defined as the untreated test formulation, while the other part was treated with the Biofield Energy by Mahendra Kumar Trivedi and denoted as the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation. Experimental groups (G) included G1 with normal control, G2 with disease control, G3 with the treatment of levamisole (positive control), G4 with untreated test formulation, G5 received Biofield Treated test formulation, G6 consisted of Biofield Energy Treatment per se to animals (-15 days), G7 received Biofield Treated test formulation from day -15, G8 has received Biofield Energy Treatment per se to animals along with Biofield Treated test formulation from day -15, and G9 received Biofield Energy Treatment per se to animals with the untreated test formulation. The results showed that primary antibody titer value was significantly increased by 60%, 63.33%, 33.33%, and 20% in the G6, G7, G8, and G9 groups, respectively compared with the G2. However, secondary antibody titer values were significantly increased by 50%, 37.5%, 37.5%, and 12.5% in the G6, G7, G8, and G9 groups, respectively compared with the G2. Delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction showed significant increase level of rat paw volume by 86.36%, 30.68%, and 14.77% in the G5, G6, and G7 groups, respectively compared with the G2. Additionally, the platelet count was significantly increased by 11.96% in G6 compared to G2. The level of uric acid was significantly reduced by 64.29% in G7 compared to G2. Further, levels of calcium and phosphorous were significantly increased by 19.16% and 14.92%, respectively in the G9 compared to the G2. Moreover, the level of magnesium was significantly increased by 13.11% and 10.66% in G4 and G9 groups, respectively compared to G2. Overall, data suggests that the Biofield Treatment per se (The Trivedi Effect®) and Biofield Treated test formulation have shown significant immunomodulatory action as compared with the untreated product and unblessed rats. Therefore, the Biofield Treatment could be utilised against various immuno-related disorders such as neutropenia, asplenia, trauma, sickle cell anemia, multiple myeloma, chronic lymphoid leukemia, stress, aging, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30818] viXra:1908.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:33:37

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Effect of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on Physicochemical Behaviour of Silver Sulfadiazine

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Silver sulfadiazine is a topical antibiotic used on burnt tissues to prevent infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of silver sulfadiazine using PXRD, PSA, DSC, and TGA/DTG analysis. Silver sulfadiazine sample was divided into two parts. One part was considered as a control sample, which did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment. The second part received the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton, termed as the treated sample. The PXRD analysis exhibited that the peak intensities of the treated silver sulfadiazine were significantly decreased from 14.5% to 54.5% compared with the control sample. The crystallite sizes of the treated sample were significantly altered from -48.9% to 6.4% compared to the control sample. The average crystallite size of the Biofield Energy Treated sample was found to be decreased by 13.99% as compared to the control sample. The particle sizes of the treated silver sulfadiazine were decreased significantly by 6.64% at d10 followed by d50 (-1.37%), d90 (-0.55%) and D(4,3) (-2.44%) compared to the control sample. The specific surface area of treated silver sulfadiazine was increased profoundly 11.23% compared to the control sample. The total weight loss was increased by 10.73%; whereas, the residue amount was decreased by 16.49% in the treated silver sulfadiazine compared with the control sample. Thus, the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might lead to generate a new polymorphic form of silver sulfadiazine which would be more soluble, and bioavailable compared with the untreated sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treated silver sulfadiazine would be very useful to design more efficacious pharmaceutical formulations which might offer a better therapeutic response on the derma against bacteria and superficial and partial thickness burn injuries.
Category: Biochemistry

[30817] viXra:1908.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:34:08

Spectroscopic and Calorimetric Evaluation of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Metronidazole

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Metronidazole is an antibiotic and used for the treatment of the diseases caused by the anaerobic bacteria and protozoa. The aim of this research work was to estimate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical, thermal behavior of metronidazole using modern analytical techniques. The test sample metronidazole was divided into two parts. One part of the sample did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment and called as a control sample. While the other part was received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values in the treated metronidazole powder sample were significantly decreased by 25.47% (d10), 12.96% (d50), 11.16% (d90), and 13.49% {D (4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 33.21% compared to the control sample. The powder XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated powder sample were significantly altered ranging from -43.4% to 396.77% and -67.47% to 187.56%, respectively; whereas, the average crystallite size was significantly decreased by 13.16% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion and latent heat of decomposition were significantly increased by 14.44% and 23.39%, respectively in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The weight loss was decreased by 1.49%; hence the residue amount was significantly increased by 65.2% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature was increased by 3.04% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have generated a new polymorphic form of metronidazole which may offer better solubility, dissolution rate, absorption, bioavailability, therapeutic efficacy, and thermal stability compared with the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treated metronidazole sample would be more efficacious pharmaceutical formulations for the treatment of the infections in the vagina, stomach, liver, skin, joints, brain, and respiratory tract, aspiration pneumonia, fungating wounds, rosacea, amoebiasis, periodontitis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30816] viXra:1908.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:35:13

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Impact of Consciousness Healing Treatment on the Characteristic Properties of Sulfamethoxazole

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Sulfamethoxazole is the sulfonamide class of antibiotic that acts as a bacteriostatic agent against various bacteria. The current study was aimed to analyze the impact of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on various properties of sulfamethoxazole by using different modern analytical techniques. For this, the sample was first divided into two parts, followed by considering one part as a control sample (no treatment was given). The second part was named as the Biofield Energy Treated sample that was remotely given the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak. The particle size values were reduced by 14.35%(d10), 8.93%(d50), 7.84%(d90), and 9.24%{D(4,3)}; therefore, the specific surface area was increased by 9.68% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -68.71% to 40.38% and -31.58% to 169.60%, respectively; however, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 9.49% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The residue weight and maximum thermal degradation temperature were increased by 2.12% and 3.25%, respectively in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The decomposition temperature, latent heat of fusion, and latent heat of decomposition were significantly increased by 11.44%, 48.27%, and 22.59%, respectively in the treated sample compared to the control sample. Thus, the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treated sulfamethoxazole might have formed a new polymorph with reduced particle size and improved surface area and thermal stability. Hence, the use of the treated sulfamethoxazole might be more beneficial in terms of improved solubility, absorption, bioavailability, stability and also for designing the more efficacious pharmaceutical formulations for the treatment and prevention of various bacterial diseases, i.e., ear infections, urinary tract infections, shigellosis, traveler’s diarrhea, bronchitis, and pneumocystis-type of pneumonia, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30815] viXra:1908.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:51:52

Origin Geopathic and Technogenic Radiations and Mechanism Their Influence on Health

Authors: Korniienko V/, Viculin I.
Comments: 12 Pages. In Russian

The origin of the geopathic radiations (GR) scientifically isn't proved, but it is known that their influence causes diseases. The experiments made by us demonstrate that S-radiations, which at deformation are generated by any matter have the same properties. Their origin is caused by the fact that interaction of energies of the fundamental particles of which matter consists create in it the quantum electromagnetic field (QEF). Therefore deformation of matter causes indignation of its QEF in the form of quantum electromagnetic waves which are S-radiations. The globe is subject to influence of various forces which deform its matter therefore its QEF generates the S-radiations known as GR. Existence in matter of QEF cause also property of electric generators together with electric current to develop quantum currents. Technique will transform them to technogenic S-radiations which influence, as well as GR, causes diseases therefore it is offered to protect from them people.
Category: Condensed Matter

[30814] viXra:1908.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 07:14:23

Black Hole - Neutron Star Merger Spotted

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7]
Category: Astrophysics

[30813] viXra:1908.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 10:37:27

Expanded Ion Beams Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A Purdue University analytical chemistry group has developed a new device to help generate intense beams of large ions, which can be used for the fabrication of energy storage devices, optical coatings, purification of proteins and metabolites from complex biological samples, and nanoclusters from reaction mixtures. [32] Excess heat given off by smartphones, laptops and other electronic devices can be annoying, but beyond that it contributes to malfunctions and, in extreme cases, can even cause lithium batteries to explode. [31] Scientists have visualised the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[30812] viXra:1908.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 11:00:41

Matter Creation Principle (Part V)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

Paper Main Idea: -Light with velocity 1.16 mkm/sec travels for 1 second only -This light motion energy causes a planet to move for 1 solar day -(Specifically) Light Motion for 1 second causes Pluto to move 1 solar day -Pluto motion for 1 solar day causes Solar Planets Creation Process -Pluto moves -during a solar day- a distance = 406000 km -That's why Pluto Motion Daily =406000 km = Solar Planets Diameters Total Based on this description … (light motion for 1 second =1.16mkm) / (Pluto motion for 1 solar day =0.406mkm) = A Conclusion The Rate (A=2.8571) Controls Solar Group Basic Data
Category: Astrophysics

[30811] viXra:1908.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 17:05:58

1.a Surprising Note About EUCLID’S Parallel Axiom

Authors: SzÉkely Endre
Comments: 5 Pages. see in "Other instructions"

In this short note an important consequence of my previous paper5 is investigated. We reinvestigate EUCLID’S 5th postulate
Category: Geometry

[30810] viXra:1908.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 19:07:07

Some Associativity Results for Random Variables in Strange Groups

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 7 Pages.

Abstract. Let ̃z be a bare-foot dependent path. Recently, there has been much interest in the derivation of isomorphisms on strange groups that come in the way of ~z. Let there exist a countable infinity of such groups, [[G]]. We show that [[G]] has one or more isomorphisms to a Dojo D. Keywords; Bare-foot paths, Measure Theory, Higher Operators, Strange Groups, Techno Gibberish, model theory, Dojo Theory
Category: General Mathematics

[30809] viXra:1908.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 22:10:34

God and Mathematical Beauty

Authors: Johannes Abdus Salam
Comments: 1 Page.

I discovered an evidence of the existence of God as a beautiful equality.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[30808] viXra:1908.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 22:54:44

Scalability of Meth8/VL4

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We offer two more packages in Meth8 to process increasing numbers of propositional variables.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[30807] viXra:1908.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 00:42:48

Electric Charges as Energy Pairs

Authors: ‪Moshe Segal‬‏
Comments: 25 Pages.

The kinetic energy of a moving mass is attributed to the mass increase because of its velocity. Thus, mass is recognized as a special form of energy. In contrast to mass, according to the charge invariance principle, charge is a constant entity, not affected by its velocity. However, a spectator, monitoring a moving charge, sees an increase in the charge density, because of the Lorentz Length Contraction factor. Also, modern physics already recognizes that this increase in the charge density is the reason that this spectator also detects the magnetic field that this moving charge generated. From the above, the following question might be asked: Why charge remains a distinct entity while mass was discovered to be another form of energy. As will be shown in this article, there are similarities between mass and charge which might lead us to conclude that charge should also be considered as a special form of energy. Thus, this article do claim that Charge is also another form of Energy, as mass turned to be. This claim makes Energy as the only distinct entity (in addition to time and space), a simpler and cleaner view of nature. This article derives this claim by analyzing the existing energy density equations of electric and magnetic fields. Then, by analyzing the existing experimental results related to charges and the fields they create from a new point of view, the article tries to evaluate if this leads also to additional new insights. The results are the following conclusions: 1. Magnetic and electric fields which are generated by the same moving charge are always perpendicular to each other, thus, these fields have the structure of the electromagnetic emission from accelerating moving charges. Actually, this article shows that a moving charge generates not just a single additional field referred to as the magnetic field generated by the moving charge. This article shows that a moving charge generates two additional field components, additional to the electric field it generated when it was not moving. One of them is an increase of the electric field intensity generated when the charge was not moving. The other is a field perpendicular to the electric field and might be considered as the actual additional magnetic field. This resolves the mystery why only in electromagnetic emissions the magnetic and electric fields are always perpendicular to each other, while in other cases, the current knowledge of physics imply that they are not necessarily perpendicular to each other. 2. Analogeous to the equation: E = m c2 where E is energy, m is mass and c is the speed of light. derived by the special theory of relativity, which describes the relation between the energy embedded in mass and mass magnitude, this article suggests the equation : E = σ c2 where σ is the charge density. This equation describes the relation between the energy and charge density. This proposed relation between charge density and energy cannot be considered as a derivation or a proof. But, it is a reasonable and logic deduction, and thus, a reasonable suggestion of the relation between charge density and energy. 3. Since charge comes in two types, a positive charge and a negative charge, then the energy embedded in charge also comes in two energy types. This might be one of the crucial reasons why it was difficult to recognize charge as another form of energy. However, the article provides a logical explanation to this issue. The article also assigns these energy types to one set of Energy Pairs. This Energy Pairs Theory is also used to explain why in the electron and positron collisions the charges completely disappear.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[30806] viXra:1908.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 00:45:45

Epsilon-Near-Zero Material

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

High-harmonic generation (HHG) is a nonlinear optical phenomenon through which high harmonics of an intense laser beam are generated in a target material, typically a gas. [33] A Purdue University analytical chemistry group has developed a new device to help generate intense beams of large ions, which can be used for the fabrication of energy storage devices, optical coatings, purification of proteins and metabolites from complex biological samples, and nanoclusters from reaction mixtures. [32] Excess heat given off by smartphones, laptops and other electronic devices can be annoying, but beyond that it contributes to malfunctions and, in extreme cases, can even cause lithium batteries to explode. [31] Scientists have visualised the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[30805] viXra:1908.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 01:04:10

Tiny Lensless Endoscope

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new self-calibrating endoscope that produces 3-D images of objects smaller than a single cell. [32] Excess heat given off by smartphones, laptops and other electronic devices can be annoying, but beyond that it contributes to malfunctions and, in extreme cases, can even cause lithium batteries to explode. [31] Scientists have visualised the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30804] viXra:1908.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 01:19:53

Atomic Causes of Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

During the last five years, few scientists have successfully employed very high pressures in order to produce metal hydrides, rich in hydrogen, which become superconductive around-20 degrees Celsius. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30803] viXra:1908.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 02:08:02

Hosting Photonic Skyrmions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Now electrical and computer engineering researchers have proposed for the first time that this same electronic conductivity influences the topological properties of light inside atomic matter. ]32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30802] viXra:1908.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 04:47:28

It is Easier to Verify the Solution Than to Find it - III

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 23 Pages. In portuguese.

Introducing firstly the concepts of variable languages and languages with semantic and then without using them we presented original proofs of the famous P versus NP problem of Computer Science. These proofs don't implies that the NP-complete problems not belongs to P, so the P versus NP-complete problem remains open, as well as it is possible (perhaps) to solve the SAT problem in polynomial time.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[30801] viXra:1908.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 05:47:47

[ IMAGEAI/IoT/HPC/Hardware/Software/Firmware ] based Novel Design of Next Generation Hybrid Heterogeneous Medical Imaging Platforms R&D Using Theorem Provers like Z3Py - A Short Technical Notes & Simple Suggestion.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

It was proposed and we are presenting an Interesting Informatics Platform based on [ IMAGEAI-Python AI Library + Python Theorem Prover/s ( like Z3Py : the Z3 API in Python)] in the Context of[ Image J/Fiji/Bone J/Java Virtual Machine )/JikesRVM - Research Virtual Machine/GCSpy Tool/Compiler DNA Techniques ] Using Imaging Mathematics+Hardware Mathematics w.r.t [ Java/Jython/Python ] involving Challenges of Advanced Medical Image Processing. A simple approach is shown as a block diagram below for further investigations and to inspire our readers to come up with more rigorous approaches in the near future.Not all details are presented in this communication.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[30800] viXra:1908.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 08:15:44

Some Facts on Permanents in Finite Characteristics

Authors: Anna Knezevic, Greg Cohen
Comments: 75 Pages. This research was partly supported by the School of Electrical Engineering, Computing and Mathematical Sciences of the Curtin University (Australia)

The permanent’s polynomial-time computability over fields of characteristic 3 for k-semi-unitary matrices (i.e. n×n-matrices A such that rank(AA^T-I_n )=k) in the case k ≤ 1 and its #_3P-completeness for any k > 1 (Ref. 9) is a result that essentially widens our understanding of the computational complexity boundaries for the permanent modulo 3. Now we extend this result to study more closely the case k > 1 regarding the (n-k)×(n-k)-sub-permanents (or permanent-minors) of a unitary n×n-matrix and their possible relations, because an (n-k)×(n-k)-submatrix of a unitary n×n-matrix is generically a k-semi-unitary (n-k)×(n-k)-matrix. The following paper offers a way to receive a variety of such equations of different sorts, in the meantime also extending (in its second chapter divided into subchapters) this direction of research to reviewing all the set of polynomial-time permanent-preserving reductions and equations for a generic matrix’s sub-permanents they might yield, including a number of generalizations and formulae (valid in an arbitrary prime characteristic) analogical to the classical identities relating the minors of a matrix and its inverse. Moreover, the second chapter also deals with the Hamiltonian cycle polynomial in characteristic 2 that surprisingly demonstrates quite a number of properties very similar to the corresponding ones of the permanent in characteristic 3. Besides, the paper’s third chapter is devoted to the computational complexity issues of the permanent and some related functions on a variety of Cauchy matrices and their certain generalizations, including constructing a polynomial-time algorithm (based on them) for the permanent of an arbitrary square matrix in characteristic 5 and conjecturing the existence of a similar scheme in characteristic 3. Throughout the paper, we investigate various matrix compressions and transformations preserving the permanent and related functions in certain finite characteristics. And, as an auxiliary algebraic tool supposed for an application when needed in all the constructions we’re going to discuss in the present article, we’ll introduce and utilize a special principle involving a field’s extension by a formal infinitesimal and allowing, provided a number of conditions are fulfilled, to reduce the computation of a polynomial over a field to solving a system of algebraic equations in polynomial time. greg.cohen.math@gmail.com
Category: Algebra

[30799] viXra:1908.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 08:41:57

Spallation Vacuum Innovation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

A new generation of neutron sources is providing scientists with unprecedented power to probe the structure and properties of materials ranging from biomolecules through to superconductors. [14] Coupled with SNS, the world's most powerful pulsed accelerator-based neutron source, VENUS will be the only open research facility platform in the US to provide time-of-flight neutron imaging capabilities to users from academia and industry. [13] A spallation neutron source has been used by physicists in Japan to search for possible violations of the inverse square law of gravity. [12] Physicists have proposed a way to test quantum gravity that, in principle, could be performed by a laser-based, table-top experiment using currently available technology. [11] Now however, a new type of materials, the so-called Weyl semimetals, similar to 3-D graphene, allow us to put the symmetry destructing quantum anomaly to work in everyday phenomena, such as the creation of electric current. [10] Physicist Professor Chunnong Zhao and his recent PhD students Haixing Miao and Yiqiu Ma are members of an international team that has created a particularly exciting new design for gravitational wave detectors. [9] A proposal for a gravitational-wave detector made of two space-based atomic clocks has been unveiled by physicists in the US. [8] The gravitational waves were detected by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. [7] A team of researchers with the University of Lisbon has created simulations that indicate that the gravitational waves detected by researchers with the LIGO project, and which are believed to have come about due to two black holes colliding, could just have easily come from another object such as a gravaster (objects which are believed to have their insides made of dark energy) or even a wormhole. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes the simulations they created, what was seen and what they are hoping to find in the future. [6] In a landmark discovery for physics and astronomy, international scientists said Thursday they have glimpsed the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, which Albert Einstein predicted a century ago. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star'-unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[30798] viXra:1908.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 09:22:30

Superfluid Layers Within Neutron Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

New insights into the inner structure of rapidly-rotating neutron stars have been gleaned by astronomers in Australia and Canada, who have studied the time evolution of a glitch – a sudden increase in the rate of stellar rotation. [10] Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8]
Category: Astrophysics

[30797] viXra:1908.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 09:50:06

Thinnest Ever Optical Waveguide

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Researchers have succeeded in making the thinnest ever optical device in the form of a waveguide just three atomic layers thick. [42] With the development of nanotechnologies, scientists’ efforts have centred on synchronizing oscillatory nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), for applications such as on-chip time keeping, and mass, gas, and force sensors. [41] A Rice University lab wants its products to look sharp, even at the nanoscale. Its latest creation is right on target. [40] Group of researchers from Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania are offering a novel solution for high-yield nanowire production from zinc oxide—cheaper and environmentally friendlier material, compared to the rare earth elements such as indium, arsenic or gallium often used in electronics production. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[30796] viXra:1908.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 10:29:07

Accelerated Computing for Accelerated Particles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Fermilab scientists and other collaborators successfully tested a prototype machine-learning technology that speeds up processing by 30 to 175 times compared to traditional methods. [30] A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[30795] viXra:1908.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 15:02:52

Social Intelligence in the Design of Conversational Ui.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar, Monitor-Tabby
Comments: 9 Pages.

Abstract This publication is a mathematical model of social intelligence and knowledge management in chat conversational UIs. The paper defines one model of social intelligence as defined in the design of machine learning for conversational UIs, and explores the use of this intelligence in conversational UI training and knowledge inheritance. A case study of Botlibre conversational UIs, which we use in our healthcare and education research is presented. A study of Botlibre’s knowledge inheritance and the expansion to social intelligence like Facebook Messenger is presented. Keywords: SNA, Social Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence, Conversational UI
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[30794] viXra:1908.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 16:09:07

A Comparison of Bell’s Theorem and Malus’s Law: Action-at-a-Distance is not Required in Order to Explain Results of Bell’s Theorem Experiments

Authors: Austin J. Fearnley
Comments: 10 Pages.

This paper shows that, using counterfactual definiteness, there is an enforceable duality between results of Malus Law experiments and the results from Bell experiments. The results are shown here to be equivalent in the two experiments subject to extending the Malus experiment by doubling it to match the structure of the results table of a Bell experiment. The Malus intensities also need to be converted into counterfactual correlations in order to enable results in both experiments to be compared using a common statistic. It is therefore possible to use the duality to explain the more esoteric Bell results via the simpler Malus results. As Malus results involve singleton particles rather than matched pairs of particles then there is no requirement for action at a distance nor entanglement to feature in an explanation of Malus results and therefore, using the duality, neither in Bell results. The ‘magic’ in Bell’s Theorem results is not eliminated as it still exists contained within Malus results, and that ‘magic’ [of somehow exceeding the Bell Inequalities] remains unexplained by this paper, except it is shown that the ‘magic’ does not involve action-at-a-distance nor entanglement.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[30793] viXra:1908.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 18:48:38

God Of The Electron

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 7 Pages.

Abstrakt Dieses Papier beschäftigt sich mit der Theologie der Arbeit, vor allem in der Elektronik und der Kodierung, der Technologie des Elektrons. Die spirituelle Erkenntnistheorie der Theologie der Arbeit bei der Verwirklichung des Gottesbewusstseins vom Entwurf und der Entwicklung bis hin zu Code und Schaltungen wird diskutiert. Wenn es in Godels formaler Definition von Gott eine mannigfaltige Darstellung modaler Logikkonzepte geben könnte, wäre ein Schaltungs- oder Code-Design eine Realisierung der Perfektion und Unendlichkeit, die von Gott als Erweiterung des Logikrahmens bezeichnet wird? Dieses Papier untersucht, ob Thor der Gott des Elektrons ist? Und zur Arbeitstheologie in verschiedenen Religionen.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[30792] viXra:1908.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 20:00:45

Anthropic Principle in Human Relationships - Why Couples Fight

Authors: Daniel Stedman
Comments: 2 Pages. From Medium.com

Wheeler's Anthropic Principle applied to marriage and co-habitation. Why do relationships experience disturbances? Because we are here!
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[30791] viXra:1908.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 01:27:13

Assessment of Anti-Ageing Potential of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated DMEM and HFF-1 Cells using Cellular Proliferation and Collagen Metabolism Assays

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Skin health and aging are the complex biological process influenced by several intrinsic (or endogenous) and extrinsic (or exogenous) factors. Various skin-based therapies are currently available to rejuvenate the skin, but they might be related with some side-effects such as scarring. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) on the human foreskin fibroblast (HFF-1) cell line and Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) for skin health parameters like cell proliferation and synthesis of collagen. The rate of cellular proliferation in HFF-1 cells was identified, and the results found that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM significantly (p ≤ 0.001) increased by 152.38% compared to the negative control group. Additionally, the cell proliferation was also significantly increased by 71.43% in the Biofield Energy Treated cells compared to the negative control group. Similarly, the collagen level was significantly (p ≤ 0.001) increased by 60.42% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM compared with the negative control group. Hence, the results exhibited a significant improvement of collagen synthesis and cellular proliferation in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM for improving skin health. It can be concluded that The Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might be a complementary and alternative approach with respect to the skin health, anti-aging in DMEM compared with the HFF-1 cell line. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM could be useful for the development of effective cosmetic products for the prevention and treatment of several skin problems such as erythema, contact dermatitis, skin aging, wrinkles, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30790] viXra:1908.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 01:28:05

Assessment of the Effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Chromium (VI) Oxide

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Chromium TriOxide (CrO3) is an inorganic compound which has many industrial applications, but it is very hygroscopic, toxic and a powerful oxidizer. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect® (Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment) on the physicochemical and thermal properties of CrO3 using modern analytical techniques. The CrO3 test sample was separated into two parts. One part of the test sample was called as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), while the second part of chromium trioxide sample received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and termed as a treated sample. The powder XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated CrO3 were significantly altered ranging from -63.06% to 357.95% and -41.82% to 420%, respectively; thus, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 70.46% compared with the control sample. The particle size values of the treated CrO3 were significantly increased by 434.85% (d10), 17.61% (d50), and 19.72% {D(4,3)}, respectively; therefore, the specific surface area was significantly decreased by 80.56% compared with the control.The latent heat of fusion of the treated CrO3 was significantly increased by 33.18% compared with the control sample. The experimental results indicated that the Trivedi Effect® -Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might include a new polymorphic form of CrO3 which would show better powder flowability and lower solubility. It may lower the absorption, bioavailability and toxicity of CrO3 on inhalation, ingestion, chronic exposure, contact to skin and eye, and aggravation of pre-existing conditions. Along with the Biofield Energy Treated CrO3 would be veryuseful to the manufacturing industry.
Category: Biochemistry

[30789] viXra:1908.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 01:28:47

Physicochemical and Thermal Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated Polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA)

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) is a biodegradable copolymer. It has many applications in the pharmaceuticals and biomedical industries, but its degradation and stability is a major concern. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of PLGA using modern analytical techniques. The PLGA sample was divided into control and Biofield Energy Treated parts. The control sample did not obtain the Biofield Energy Treatment, whereas the treated PLGA was received the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The particle size values of the treated PLGA were increased by 8.97%(d10), 8.79%(d50), 4.72%(d90), and 6.61%{D(4,3)}; thus, the surface area of treated PLGA was significantly decreased by 6.84% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of evaporation and fusion of the treated PLGA were significantly increased by 29.60% and 230.93%, respectively compared with the control sample. The residue amount was significantly increased by 21.99% in the treated PLGA compared to the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature of the treated PLGA was increased by 2.30% compared with the control sample. It was concluded that the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have generated a new form of PLGA which may show better powder flowability, thermal stability, and minimise the hydrolysis of the ester linkages of PLGA.This improved quality of PLGA would be a better choice for the pharmaceutical formulations (i.e., the drug like simvastatin, amoxicillin, and minocycline loaded PLGA nanoparticles) and manufacturing of biomedical devices, i.e., grafts, sutures, implants, surgical sealant films, prosthetic devices, etc., in the industry using it as a raw material.
Category: Biochemistry

[30788] viXra:1908.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 01:29:23

Antiaging Potential of Biofield Energy Healing Treatment in HFF-1 Cell Line Using Collagen level and Cellular Proliferation

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Skin health and aging are co-related with a complex biological process that are influenced by a combination of factors such as intrinsic (or endogenous) and extrinsic (or exogenous). Many skin based therapies including physical and chemical methods are in practice to rejuvenate the skin, but they might be related with some significant side-effects such as scarring. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Biofield Energy Treatment (Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment-The Trivedi Effect®) in the HFF-1 cell line (Human Foreskin Fibroblast) and DMEM (Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium) for evaluation of skin health parameters such as proliferation rate and collagen level. The cell growth rate was evaluated at 24, 48, and 72 hours and the results observed with a significant growth in the Biofield Treated DMEM group compared with the Biofield Treated HFF-1 cells. The HFF-1 cellular proliferation rate was significantly (p≤0.001) increased by 85% in the Biofield Treated DMEM, while positive controls, ascorbic acid (10µM) and FBS (15% fetal bovine serum) reported with increased cell proliferation by 21% and 44%, respectively. Similarly, the collagen level was significantly (p≤0.01) increased in the Biofield Treated DMEM by 44.2%, while the Biofield Energy Treated cells did not showed significant change in collagen and proliferation rate as compared with control. Hence, the results concluded significant improved collagen and proliferation in the Biofield Energy Treated media (DMEM) for improving skin health. It can be concluded that The Trivedi Effect® might be a complementary and alternative approach with respect to the skin health, anti-aging in DMEM as compared with the HFF-1 cell line.
Category: Biochemistry

[30787] viXra:1908.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 01:30:07

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of the Biofield Energy Treated Metronidazole

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Metronidazole is an antibiotic and is useful for antibacterial and antiprotozoal medication. In this research work, the impact of the Trivedi Effect® (Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment) on the physicochemical properties of metronidazole was evaluated using the modern analytical technique. Metronidazole sample was divided into two parts, one part of metronidazole was considered as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided); however, the other part of metronidazole, was exposed to the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and termed as a treated sample. The peak intensities, as well as crystallite sizes of the treated metronidazole were significantly altered ranging from -97.25% to 463% and -83.18% to 123.79%, respectively; however, the average crystallite size was significantly decreased by 14.91% compared with the control sample. The particle size values in the treated metronidazole were significantly decreased by 14.69%(d10), 10.82%(d50), 19.14%(d90), and 16.88% {D (4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 24.7% compared to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion and latent heat of decomposition were decreased by 2.1% and 9.41%, respectively in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was increased by 2.56%; however, the residue amount was significantly decreased by 83.86% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature was decreased by 3.53% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. Thus, the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have generated a new polymorphic form of metronidazole which may offer better solubility, dissolution, and good bioavailability compared with the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Treated metronidazole would be very useful to design more efficacious pharmaceutical formulations for the better therapeutic response against bacterial and protozoal infection in the vagina, stomach, liver, skin, joints, brain, and respiratory tract, aspiration pneumonia, rosacea, fungating wounds, intra-abdominal infections, lung abscess, periodontitis, amoebiasis, oral infections, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30786] viXra:1908.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 02:05:50

A Chemical Curse or Blessing? A Case of Kenya

Authors: Maingi, Joyce Wanjiru., Ngenya, Watson Atsiambo
Comments: 5 Pages.

Misuse and overuse of chemicals is one of the most complex issues facing the contemporary Kenyan society. Agrochemicals in particular pose as a great risk to the population when not used according to their ascribed directives. At times, chemicals are misused unintentionally and casually due to ignorance and this may have dire consequences on one’s health or that of the environment. While some make personal choices on how to use certain chemicals, some just happen to be victims of circumstances when other persons within our sphere of influence have made poor choices, and we all end up suffering the consequences.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[30785] viXra:1908.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 02:17:18

Stripe Order Mystery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed a method to accurately measure the "exact edge" or onset at which a magnetic field enters a superconducting material. [19] TU Wien has now made a major advance towards achieving this goal and, at the same time, has furthered an understanding of why conventional materials only become superconducting at around-200°C [18] The emerging field of spintronics leverages electron spin and magnetization. [17]
Category: Condensed Matter

[30784] viXra:1908.0337 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 02:38:17

Trapped Dipolar Supersolid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

Supersolids, solid materials with superfluid properties (i.e., in which a substance can flow with zero viscosity), have recently become the focus of numerous physics studies. [31] A team of physicists has uncovered a new state of matter-a breakthrough that offers promise for increasing storage capabilities in electronic devices and enhancing quantum computing. [30] A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Condensed Matter

[30783] viXra:1908.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 03:04:04

Protect Electronic Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Excess heat given off by smartphones, laptops and other electronic devices can be annoying, but beyond that it contributes to malfunctions and, in extreme cases, can even cause lithium batteries to explode. [31] Scientists have visualised the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[30782] viXra:1908.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 03:37:36

Superconductor Comes from Disorder

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive.
Category: Condensed Matter

[30781] viXra:1908.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 03:45:40

Space Curvature and Shnoll Effect

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 6 pages, 2 figures

Experimental results obtained during 1954–2014 by Simon E. Shnoll show that the fine structure of distributions of amplitude fluctuations in different processes depends on the position of the Earth with respect to other celestial bodies. The phenomenon includes all processes from biochemical reactions to alpha-decay of nucleons, from the noise of electric networks to random number generators. Until now this phenomenon has not been explained. This article discloses that the cause of the Shnoll effect is the curvature of space which depends on the Earth’s position in cosmic space.
Category: Astrophysics

[30780] viXra:1908.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 04:13:51

Nanoscale Biology Lab Equipment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

The ability to observe how life works at a nanoscale level is a grand challenge of our time. [25] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have now discovered how a protein called LMI1 can control leaf growth and shape. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30779] viXra:1908.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 05:06:48

Definition Ⅶ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is definition ⑦
Category: General Mathematics

[30778] viXra:1908.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 19:02:29

Pricing Financial Derivatives Subject to Multilateral Credit Risk and Collateralization

Authors: Xiao, Tim
Comments: 26 Pages.

This article presents a new model for valuing financial contracts subject to credit risk and collateralization. Examples include the valuation of a credit default swap (CDS) contract that is affected by the trilateral credit risk of the buyer, seller and reference entity. We show that default dependency has a significant impact on asset pricing. In fact, correlated default risk is one of the most pervasive threats in financial markets. We also show that a fully collateralized CDS is not equivalent to a risk-free one. In other words, full collateralization cannot eliminate counterparty risk completely in the CDS market.
Category: Economics and Finance

[30777] viXra:1908.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 19:16:52

An Exact Solution of the Einstein Equations with Cosmological Term for Cylindrically Symmetric Space

Authors: Xuan Zhong Ni
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this article, we derived an exact solution of the Einstein equations with cosmological term for cylindrically symmetric space .
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[30776] viXra:1908.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 19:28:24

Not Theory

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: Not theory is a derivation from standard Knot Theory, inspired by Knots and topological spaces in the E8 theory of Unification. In Not Theory, we consider an E8 based fiber theory of nature, extending it to a simulated universe as strands. Not theory is about the mathematics of the application of ‘nots’ to strands. In this paper, we consider a closure proof, and proof of completeness to not applications on arbitrary not as applicable to a particle and quasi-particle model. What: Axioms: A strand is a fundamental resonance of nature starting in one singularity and ending in another. These two singularities are in E8 space-time, with many operators acting on them. Axiom: Any quasi-particle or particle can be described as an aspect of a strand, a resonance in space-time. Theorem 1: Closure: Operation of a not on a strand leads to a resonance in energy time of space and momentum which is also a strand. Theorem 2: Completeness: All particle and quasi-particle interactions can be represented as strands.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[30775] viXra:1908.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 19:31:18

The Carcass

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: The story of the carcass, a dead shell of an automobile discovered by future humanity in a desert-like Mojave, where they reconstruct a history of living metal bodies automobiles as the residents of this planet. We propose a method to bring to life this carcass with electric hub wheels and autopilot systems and consider the creation of Wall-E inspired LandBots, all for afforestation and many other task automation after the discovery of one living plant. Maybe Earth is habitable again? Keywords: LandBots, Wall-E, Humour, ELectric Wheels, Singularity#1, Taskoids
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[30774] viXra:1908.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 22:31:43

Dedinition Ⅵ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is definition⑥
Category: General Mathematics

[30773] viXra:1908.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 01:44:35

Silicon of Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[30772] viXra:1908.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 03:00:37

Quantum System Virtually Cooled

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Physicists have developed a quantum simulation method that can "virtually cool" an experimental quantum system to a fraction of its actual temperature. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30771] viXra:1908.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 03:31:39

New Quantum State of Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

A team of physicists has uncovered a new state of matter-a breakthrough that offers promise for increasing storage capabilities in electronic devices and enhancing quantum computing. [30] A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[30770] viXra:1908.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:08:01

Etymology of the Russian words GOOD and EVIL

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The estimated etymology is considered
Category: Linguistics

[30769] viXra:1908.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:03:28

Carbon Nanotube Fibres

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects—by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36]
Category: Condensed Matter

[30768] viXra:1908.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:31:44

A Proof of Sondow's Conjecture

Authors: Wiroj Homsup
Comments: 2 Pages.

Based on the functional equation of the Dirichlet eta function, Sondow’s conjecture is proved. The advantage of a method is that it only use undergraduate mathematics.
Category: General Mathematics

[30767] viXra:1908.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:41:09

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Cholecalciferol is a steroid hormone (7-dehydroxycholesterol), which helps in the absorption of dietary minerals like zinc, calcium, magnesium, iron, and phosphate and also responsible for other biological activity. In this research study, the influence of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of cholecalciferol was evaluated using the modern analytical technique. The cholecalciferol test sample was divided into two parts. One of the test samples was considered as a control sample, which did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas, the other part was treated with the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values in the treated cholecalciferol powder sample were significantly decreased by 78.94% (d10), 26.21% (d50), 22.01% (d90), and 29.04% {D (4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area of the treated cholecalciferol was significantly increased by 174.12% compared to the control sample. The XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated cholecalciferol powder sample were significantly altered ranging from -44.37% to 370.49% and -74.48% to 91.52%, respectively; therefore, the average crystallite size of the treated cholecalciferol was significantly decreased by 36.21% compared to the control cholecalciferol. The latent heat of fusion of the treated cholecalciferol was significantly increased by 25.89% compared to the control cholecalciferol. The weight loss was decreased by 1.48%; whereas, the residue amount was significantly increased by 107.02% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. Thus, the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment generated a new polymorphic form of cholecalciferol which might offer better solubility, absorption, bioavailability, and be thermally more stable compared with the control sample. Henceforth, the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated cholecalciferol would be more beneficial to maintain the overall quality of life and it would be more useful in designing novel nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations for the better therapeutic responses against deficiency of vitamin D, osteoporosis, rickets, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, cancer, mental disorders, multiple sclerosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30766] viXra:1908.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:41:41

Immunomodulatory Effect of the Biofield Energy Treated Cell Growth Medium (DMEM) and FBS in Immune Cells (Murine Macrophage RAW 264.7)

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) on Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium (DMEM) and fetal bovine serum (FBS) in murine macrophage cells (RAW 264.7). The study parameters were evaluated using cell viability by MTT assay and estimation of proinflammatory cytokine like tumor necrosis factor - alpha (TNF-α) on immunomodulation using enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA). The cell viability using MTT assay data showed that more than 80% cell viability was observed in all the tested groups compared to the baseline control group (G1). The characteristics of cell morphology in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM without FBS (G6) group showed some changes in the cell morphology as evidenced a transition from spherical to elongate and also showed maturation compared to the G1 group. The level of TNF-α expression was significantly reduced by 23.15% in the G3 group compared to the G1 group. Moreover, the secretion of TNF-α was altered by 38.06%, 35.77%, and 282.49% in the G4, G5, and G6 groups, respectively compared to the G1 group. The overall results demonstrated that the Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment has an impact on DMEM and FBS by alteration of cell morphology and reducing the level of TNF-α expression in immune cell (RAW 264.7). Therefore, the Trivedi Effect® treated DMEM and FBS might be useful as an immunomodulator for various immune-related disorders like Graves’ disease, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30765] viXra:1908.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:42:19

An Investigation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Characteristics of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated L-Cysteine

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

L-cysteine is an essential amino acid that helps in improving the overall health status of humans. The objective of the study was to determine the impact on the physicochemical and thermal properties of L-cysteine after the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment using modern analytical techniques. The control sample was kept without any treatment, while the Biofield Treatment was given to the treated sample remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak. The particle size values were significantly reduced by 11.96%(d10), 9.01%(d50), 4.92%(d90), and 7.66% [D (4, 3)], thus, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 14.28% of the treated L-cysteine compared to the control sample. The peak intensities and crystallite sizes were altered ranging from -86.73% to 456.65% and -4.91% to 451.22% respectively, however, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 87.58% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of decomposition for the 1st and 2nd peak of the treated sample was increased by 12.77% and 5.42% respectively, compared with the control sample. The weight loss was increased by 9.35%; however, the residual weight was significantly reduced by 85.32% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature of the treated sample was increased by 2.87% compared to the control sample. Hence, the Biofield Energy Treated L-cysteine might show better solubility, dissolution, bioavailability, and be more thermal stability in the pharmaceutical formulations, which would be more efficacious in the treatment of diabetes, cancer, psychosis, and seizures compared to the control sample.
Category: Biochemistry

[30764] viXra:1908.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:42:59

Effect of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Characteristic Properties of Cefazolin Sodium

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Cefazolin is a broad-spectrum first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic, used for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. The aim of this research work was to evaluate the influence of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical, and thermal properties of cefazolin sodium powder using modern analytical techniques. The test sample cefazolin sodium was divided into two parts. One part of the test sample was considered as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), whereas the other part was treated with the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values in the treated sample were significantly decreased by 3.95%(d10), 2.63%(d50), 13.02%(d90), and 21.7% {D (4,3)}; hence, the specific surface area was increased by 5% compared to the control sample. The decomposition temperature of the treated cefazolin was increased by 4.84 compared to the control sample. Similarly, the latent heat of evaporation of two peaks and decomposition was significantly increased by 56.81%, 225.38%, and 261.84% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was decreased by 2.7%; however, the residual amount was significantly increased by 28.59% in the treated cefazolin compared with the control sample. A new form of cefazolin sodium might have generated after Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment which may offer better solubility, dissolution rate, bioavailability, and thermal stability compared to the control sample. The treated cefazolin sodium would be more efficacious pharmaceutical formulations against respiratory tract infections, cellulitis, urinary tract infections, joint infection, biliary tract infections, pneumonia, endocarditis, genital infections, blood infections, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30763] viXra:1908.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:43:26

Effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Selenium

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Selenium is an essential micronutrient which is useful for various biological functions in the body, as well as prevention and treatment of selenium deficiency-related diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical and thermal properties of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatedselenium using the modern analytical technique. The test sample was divided into two parts viz. control and treated sample. The control sample did not receive Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas the treated sample received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -21.59 to 412.20% and -6.90% to 40.68% respectively; however, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 5.44% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The particle size values were altered by -4.54%(d10), 0.92%(d50), 1.18%( d90), and 0.66%{D(4,3)}, respectively, thus the specific surface area was increased by 2.48% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The melting point and latent heat of fusion of the treated selenium were increased by 0.27% and 5.94%, respectively compared with the control sample. The residue amount was increased by 3.83% in the treated selenium compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature of the treated sample was significantly increased by 14.94% compared with the control sample. The Biofield Energy Treatment might have generated a new polymorphic form of selenium which would be more efficacious against diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, viral diseases, male infertility, stress, aging, muscle disorders, neurological disorders, degenerative ailments, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30762] viXra:1908.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:58:29

ATLAS Strong Supersymmetry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

New particles sensitive to the strong interaction might be produced in abundance in the proton-proton collisions generated by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) – provided that they aren't too heavy. [30] Supersymmetry predicts that two basic classes of fundamental particles, fermions and bosons, accompany each other in the same representation. [29] A fraction of a second after the Big Bang, a single unified force may have shattered. Scientists from the CDF and DZero Collaborations used data from the Fermilab Tevatron Collider to re-create the early universe conditions. [28]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[30761] viXra:1908.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 07:18:09

On the Proposal of an Eddington Ratio of Natural Energies, Epsilon

Authors: Michael J. Bucknum, Eduardo A. Castro
Comments: 10 Pages. corresponding email address: mjbucknum@yahoo.com

A proposal is made of a 5th Eddington dimensionless ratio based upon characteristic energies of monatomic and diatomic H. This 5th Eddington ratio is described in connection with the 4 other such ratios introduced and defined by A.S. Eddington in the 1920's. A discussion is provided of certain mathematical approximants that these 5 dimensionless numbers can be characterized by, as well as by their definitions as certain ratios of natural physical constants.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[30760] viXra:1908.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 07:28:35

Improved Approximation of the Fine Structure Constant as a Series Representation in e and pi

Authors: Michael J. Bucknum, Eduardo A. Castro
Comments: 7 Pages. corresponding email address: mjbucknum@yahoo.com

An improved approximation of the fine structure constant as a series in e and pi is proposed.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[30759] viXra:1908.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 07:37:42

The Promise of Pitcairn's Island

Authors: Michael J. Bucknum, Eduardo A. Castro
Comments: 5 Pages. corresponding email address: mjbucknum@yahoo.com

The sociological and spiritual story of the Pitcairn Island population is recounted in a summarized form.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[30758] viXra:1908.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 08:55:52

Super Proton Synchrotron

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

By the end of the second long shutdown (LS2) of CERN's accelerator complex, a nine-metre-long object with several hundred tonnes of shielding will be installed around the beam line of the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS). [11] By measuring the angles between the top and antitop decay particles, the ATLAS experiment at CERN has not only measured this degree of correlation, but found it to be higher than what is predicted by calculations based on the Standard Model. [10] Higgs boson decaying into bottom quarks. Now, scientists are tackling its relationship with the top quark. [9] Usha Mallik and her team used a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to help build a sub-detector at the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest and most powerful particle accelerator, located in Switzerland. They're running experiments on the sub-detector to search for a pair of bottom quarks-subatomic yin-and-yang particles that should be produced about 60 percent of the time a Higgs boson decays. [8] A new way of measuring how the Higgs boson couples to other fundamental particles has been proposed by physicists in France, Israel and the US. Their technique would involve comparing the spectra of several different isotopes of the same atom to see how the Higgs force between the atom's electrons and its nucleus affects the atomic energy levels. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[30757] viXra:1908.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 09:13:54

The Earth Does Not Spin

Authors: Nathaniel Barker
Comments: 2 Pages.

Counterarguements are shown and disproven
Category: Geophysics

[30756] viXra:1908.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 09:29:44

Inertia as a Net Magnetic Effect and Gravity as a Net Electrostatic Force

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper reveals the long standing mysteries of inertia and gravity, based on Weber's electrodynamics formula. Conventionally it is presumed that the electrical and magnetic force of interaction between opposite charges is equal in magnitude to the force of interaction between similar charges. Changing this view leads to a very compelling theory of inertia and gravity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[30755] viXra:1908.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 09:54:32

Understanding Magnetic Monopoles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A breakthrough in understanding how the quasi-particles known as magnetic monopoles behave could lead to the development of new technologies to replace electric charges. [32] Such devices would use magnetic films and superconducting thin films to deploy and manipulate magnetic monopoles to sort and store data based on the north or south direction of their poles-analogous to the ones and zeros in conventional magnetic storage devices. [31] The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field-virtual photons that pop in and out of existence-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29] Engineers at MIT and Penn State University have found that under the right conditions, ordinary clear water droplets on a transparent surface can produce brilliant colors, without the addition of inks or dyes. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30754] viXra:1908.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 10:11:12

On Certain Pi_{q}-Identities of W. Gosper

Authors: Bing He
Comments: 16 Pages. All comments are welcome

In this paper we employ some knowledge of modular equations with degree 5 to confirm several of Gosper's Pi_{q}-identities. As a consequence, a q-identity involving Pi_{q} and Lambert series, which was conjectured by Gosper, is proved. As an application, we confirm an interesting q-trigonometric identity of Gosper.
Category: Number Theory

[30753] viXra:1908.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 10:33:32

Causality Between Events with Space-Like Separation

Authors: G. L. Harnagel
Comments: 6 Pages.

Since the first part of the twentieth century, it has been maintained that faster-than-light movement could produce time travel into the past with its accompanying causality-violation paradoxes. This paper demonstrates that this assumption is false because of misinterpretation of the Minkowski diagram and the Lorentz transformation (LT) upon which it is based, plus the completely unsubstantiated belief that the past is “back there somewhere.”
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[30752] viXra:1908.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 11:45:27

Light Scatter from Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

The quantum electrodynamic process of photon–photon scattering has for the first time been confirmed experimentally to a high degree of certainty. [44] Single photons can be an essential qubit source for these applications. [43] Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the thinnest optical device in the world—a waveguide that is three layers of atoms thin. [42] A group of researchers led by Professor Myakzyum Salakhov has been working on the problem of optical states in plasmonic-photonic crystals (PPCs). [41] Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30751] viXra:1908.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 12:52:37

Artificial Intelligence Detect Atrial Fibrillation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Researchers in the US have developed a rapid, artificial intelligence (AI)-based test that can identify patients with an abnormal heart rhythm, even when it appears normal. [28] Ever since the late 19th century, physicists have known about a counterintuitive property of some electric circuits called negative resistance. [27] Scientists from EPFL's Institute of Bioengineering have discovered that the circadian clock and the cell-cycle are, in fact, synchronized. [26] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a molecular switch that causes immune cells called macrophages to clean up cellular debris caused by infections instead of contributing to inflammation and tissue injury. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[30750] viXra:1908.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 13:14:05

Optomechanical Nano-Oscillators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

With the development of nanotechnologies, scientists’ efforts have centred on synchronizing oscillatory nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), for applications such as on-chip time keeping, and mass, gas, and force sensors. [41] A Rice University lab wants its products to look sharp, even at the nanoscale. Its latest creation is right on target. [40] Group of researchers from Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania are offering a novel solution for high-yield nanowire production from zinc oxide—cheaper and environmentally friendlier material, compared to the rare earth elements such as indium, arsenic or gallium often used in electronics production. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[30749] viXra:1908.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 14:14:42

The Josephus Numbers

Authors: Kouider Mohammed Ridha
Comments: 3 Pages.

We give explicit formulas to compute the Josephus-numbers where is positive integer . Furthermore we present a new fast algorithm to calculate . We also offer prosperities , and we generalized it for all positive real number non-existent, Finally we give .the proof of properties.
Category: Number Theory

[30748] viXra:1908.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 22:38:17

An Insight Into Random Numbers & Applications in the Context of Signal Processing Using [ Imageai +python+qrng Libraries ] – a Simple Technical Note & Suggestion on Using QRNG Services/qrng Related Devices Towards Heterogeneous [ Iot/hpc] Image Processing

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Insight into Random Numbers & Applications in the Context of Signal Processing Using [ IMAGEAI +Python+qrng libraries ] – A Simple Technical Note & Suggestion on Using QRNG Services/QRNG Related Devices towards Heterogeneous [ IoT/HPC] Image Processing Software R&D. [ Exploring (QRNG+IMAGEAI) based R&D of Signal & Image Processing Software Using Python ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[30747] viXra:1908.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 01:44:10

On the Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions of Tenth Order: New Possible Mathematical Developments and Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole Physics II

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 136 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various and interesting new possible mathematical developments concerning some Ramanujan’s Mock theta functions of tenth order and Mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole physics
Category: Mathematical Physics

[30746] viXra:1908.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 04:05:07

The Roadmap to Artificial General Intelligence (Agi)

Authors: A. V. Grigorov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Intelligence involves language and linguistic reasoning; this makes it a phenomenon that is partly extrinsic to the brain, to the extent that language, as a system, is partly extrinsic to the brain. Consciousness and motivation/rewards (instincts/feelings) likely predate intelligence, from an evolutionary perspective, and ought to be treated separately. The following brief discussion on AI addresses those issues and proposes a plausible path to the development of AGI.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[30745] viXra:1908.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 05:17:31

Deep Caching for Agent-Based Analysis and Optimization

Authors: Rune Vestvik
Comments: 1 Page.

Agent-based modeling and simulation is a "bottomup" approach for system research, optimization and decision support. The method consist of mapping real world processes intoadigitaltwinmodel[1]andperformingrisk-freeexperiments on the digital twin before applying changes back into real world scenarios. The need for computation resources increases as models grow more detailed. This fact, combined with high stochasticity and the use of Monte Carlo simulations, slows down the processes of performing sensitivity analysis and model optimization. This paper introduces a method for caching agent-based simulations for increased performance and shorting of the feedback loop.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[30744] viXra:1908.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 06:47:48

A Bound for the Isotropic Constant in the Symmetric Case

Authors: Johan Aspegren
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this preprint we will prove an explicit bound for the isotropic constant in the symmetric case.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[30743] viXra:1908.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 07:53:42

Rhodochrosite as Crystal Oscillator

Authors: Ricardo Gobato, Marcia Regina Risso Gobato, Alireza Heidari
Comments: 1 Page.

h as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress, phenomenon called piezoelectricity. A crystal oscillator is an electronic oscillator circuit that uses the mechanical resonance of a vibrating crystal of piezoelectric material to create an electrical signal with a precise frequency. The most common type of piezoelectric resonator used is th quartz crystal, so oscillator circuits incorporating them became known as crystal oscillators. Particularly one using a quartz crystal, works by distorting the crystal with an electric field, when voltage is applied to an electrode near or on the crystal. This property is known as electrostriction or inverse piezoelectricity. When the field is removed, the quartz - which oscillates in a precise frequency - generates an electric field as it returns to its previous shape, and this can generate a voltage. The result is that a quartz crystal behaves like an RLC circuit, but with a much higher Q. Quartz crystals are manufactured for frequencies from a few tens of kilohertz to hundreds of megahertz. More than two billion crystal are manufactured annually. Most are used for consumer devices such as wristwatches, clocks, radios, radios, computers, cell phones, signal generators and oscilloscopes
Category: Condensed Matter

[30742] viXra:1908.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 07:57:39

Calculation by Uff Method of Frequencies and Vibrational Temperatures of the Unit Cell of the Rhodochrosite Crystal

Authors: Ricardo Gobato, Marcia Regina Risso Gobato, Alireza Heidari
Comments: 5 Pages. International Journal of Advanced Chemistry, 7 (2) (2019) 77-81

The electronic oscillator circuit that uses the mechanical resonance of a vibrating crystal of piezoelectric material to create an electrical signal with a precise frequency is a crystal oscillator. Particularly one using a quartz crystal works by distorting the crystal with an electric field, when voltage is applied to an electrode near or on the crystal. Other crystals such as rhodochrosite also have piezoelectric properties. The rhodochrosite as crystal oscillator for being an alternative to those of quartz. The rhodochrosite (MnC03) shows complete solid solution with siderite (FeC03), and it may contain substantial amounts of Zn, Mg, Co, and Ca. A molecular dynamic via molecular mechanics using the UFF (Universal Forces Field) provided the vibrational frequencies of the fundamental structure of the crystal molecule. The frequencies and vibrational temperatures of the unit cell of rhodochrosite obtained by UFF were calculated in the range from 0.6059 to 1,731.38 cm-1 and 0.87 to 2,491.06 K, respectively.
Category: Chemistry

[30741] viXra:1908.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 07:59:10

The Problem P=NP

Authors: Thierry DELORT
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this article, we are going to solve the problem P=NP for a particular kind of problems called basic problems of numerical determination. Nonetheless, this solution can be generalized to all problems belonging to class P or NP. We are going to propose 3 fundamental Axioms permitting to solve the problem P=NP, but those Axioms can also be considered as pure logical assertions, intuitively evident and never contradicted, permitting to understand the solution of the problem P=NP. Indeed, we will see that the conclusion of this article solves the considered problem.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[30740] viXra:1908.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 08:05:01

The Concept of Time

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 2 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

In physics, the begin of the universe poses interpretation problems. This can be resolved by restricting the range of proper time to a subset of the range of events.
Category: Quantum Physics

[30739] viXra:1908.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 08:38:59

Particle Physics and Energy Fields.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 6 Pages.

In the first two papers on energy fields, we examined the basic principles for the interactions between energy fields, and analyzed the nature of potential, orbital and rotational energy fields. Here we apply those basic principles to particle physics and make further proposals. The results may provide an alternative explanation for the nature of particles, an alternative explanation for the behavior of particles in colliders, and an alternative explanation for the nature of matter and anti-matter.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[30738] viXra:1908.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 08:50:39

The Introduction of the Einstein Model of a Solid to Analytical Psychology.

Authors: Theodoros Aliferis
Comments: 8 Pages.

If we intend to bridge physics and psychology one of the shortest paths is through Thermodynamics and Analytical Psychology (AP). That is because in AP both the First and the Second Law of Thermodynamics, are well defined (Principle of Equivalence, Principle of Entropy). There are not too many thermodynamic models. As a result our choices are limited. The Einstein model of a Solid (ES) is a thermodynamic model with applications in thermodynamics, quantum statistics and solid state physics. I intend to show that the ES is a suitable model to bridge thermodynamics and theoretical AP. The approach I follow is an attempt to match the abstract entities of AP to those of the ES. I also attempt to prove that the conditions on which the ES is based, agree with AP. Finally I attempt to solve a crucial paradox met in theoretical AP, but not explained yet. The results of this paper could be summarized as follows: I prove that a match between the abstract entities of AP and those of the ES can be achieved. I prove that two of the conditions, on which the ES is based, are clearly met in AP. I meet no conflict between the rest of the conditions of the ES and the theory of AP. Finally I explain and solve the paradox. The conclusions/significance of this research is that I introduce algebraic expressions in AP. Additionally, I help both the practitioner and theorist of AP as any improved theory would. Keywords: Einstein solid, Analytical psychology, Entropy.
Category: Social Science

[30737] viXra:1908.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 10:43:17

Matter Creation Principle (Part IV)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 14 Pages.

Let's remember our main argument in this papers series "Matter Creation Principle" I have claimed the following: (1)Light with velocity 1.16 mkm/sec travels for 1 second period only (2)Light Motion for 1Second causes Planet to move for 1 solar day (3)Based on Planet motion for 1 solar day – Solar Planets are created… (4)Specifically – Pluto motion for 1 solar day is a result of light motion for 1 second period (light velocity =1.16 mkm/sec) and based on Pluto motion for 1 solar day – the planets diameters are created that's why Pluto Motion Distance Daily = 406000 km= Planets Diameters Total But (5)We have discovered that Earth Moon Orbit defines solar Planets diameters Where a.Apogee Radius = Solar Planets Diameters Total b.Perigee Radius = Outer Planets Diameters Total c.Apogee–Perigee Distance =inner planets diameters total =Earth Circumference (6)Based on the previous data we have concluded that (1st Conclusion) Pluto and Earth Moon together effect on Solar Planets Diameters Creation process (2nd Conclusion) light beam with velocity 1.16 mkm/sec is sent from Pluto to Earth causes the Earth Axial Tilt (23.45 degrees) Also (7)We have discovered that 2 Jupiter Diameters +1 Saturn Diameter = Solar Planets Diameters Total =406000 km (8)i.e. Jupiter Diameter = 8 Planets Diameters Total (9)These relationships are depended also on light beam velocity 1.16 mkm /sec What we need to do in this paper? The previous claim is a heavy one, so we need to discuss (1st) More Proves & Details (2nd) How does this machine work? Let's start immediately… Please Note Paper Methodology is mentioned in "Matter Creation Principle (Part III)"
Category: Astrophysics

[30736] viXra:1908.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 11:43:49

Learning a Function Over Distributions

Authors: Glenn Healey, Shiyuan Zhao
Comments: 16 Pages.

We present a method for learning a function over distributions. The method is based on generalizing nonparametric kernel regression by using the earth mover's distance as a metric for distribution space. The technique is applied to the problem of learning the dependence of pitcher performance in baseball on multidimensional pitch distributions that are controlled by the pitcher. The distributions are derived from sensor measurements that capture the physical properties of each pitch. Finding this dependence allows the recovery of optimal pitch frequencies for individual pitchers. This application is amenable to the use of signatures to represent the distributions and a whitening step is employed to account for the correlations and variances of the pitch variables. Cross validation is used to optimize the kernel smoothing parameter. A set of experiments demonstrates that the method accurately predicts changes in pitcher performance in response to changes in pitch distribution.
Category: Statistics

[30735] viXra:1908.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 13:34:56

Energy Fields of the Planets.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 8 Pages.

The forces of nature are reviewed and analyzed from first principles, without any pre-conceptions. The review is based on the earlier analysis of Energy Fields around conductors, solenoids, permanent magnets and rotating bodies [1][2]. Here we continue the analysis of interactions between Rotational energy fields. The proposals may provide an alternative explanation for the "magnetic" fields of the Planets of our Solar System.
Category: Astrophysics

[30734] viXra:1908.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 14:58:34

A New Approach to Proof the Riemann Hypothesis Using New Operator

Authors: Rafik Zeraoulia
Comments: 09 Pages. no comments

In this note we present a new approach to proof the Riemann hypothesis one of the most important open problem in pure mathematics using a new operator derived from unitary operator groups acts on Riemann-Siegal function and it uses partition function for Hamiltonian operator , The interest idea is to compute the compositional inverse of Riemann zeta function at $s=-\frac12$ such as we show that:$\zeta^{-1}(-\frac12) =\zeta(\frac12+i \beta)=0$ for some $\beta >0 $
Category: Mathematical Physics

[30733] viXra:1908.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 07:18:51

Atomic Trojan Horse

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

"Our experiment shows for the first time that the Trojan horse method actually works," says Bernhard Hidding from the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland, the principal investigator of a study published today in Nature Physics. [43] Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42] A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30732] viXra:1908.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 08:14:33

Fluid Solution: Reynolds Number & Laminar Flow & Planck Units & Friedmann Units

Authors: David E. Fuller, Dahl Winters, Ruud Loeffen, Warren Giordano
Comments: 2 Pages.

Space Time using The Fluid Solution & Bulk Modulus
Category: Quantum Physics

[30731] viXra:1908.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 13:29:12

Nuclear Structure and Allotropes.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 9 Pages.

In the first two papers on energy fields, we examined the basic principles for the interactions between energy fields, and analyzed the nature of potential, orbital and rotational energy fields. Here we apply those basic principles to nuclear physics and make further proposals. The results may provide an alternative explanation for the forces at the sub-atomic level, and an alternative explanation for the existence of allotropes - the different forms of an element.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[30730] viXra:1908.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 14:33:35

Possible Traces of Resonance Signaling in the Genome

Authors: Ivan Savelyev, Max Myakishev-Rempel
Comments: 11 Pages.

Although theories regarding the role of sequence-specific DNA resonance in biology have abounded for over 40 years, the published evidence for it is lacking. Here, the authors reasoned that for sustained resonance signaling, the number of oscillating DNA sequences per genome should be exceptionally high and that, therefore, genomic repeats of various sizes are good candidates for serving as resonators. Moreover, it was suggested that for the two DNA sequences to resonate, they do not necessarily have to be identical. Therefore, the existence of sequences differing in the primary sequence but having similar resonating sub-structures was proposed. It was hypothesized that such sequences, named HIDERs, would be enriched in the genomes of multicellular species. Specifically, it was hypothesized that delocalized electron clouds of purine-pyrimidine sequences could serve as the basis of HIDERs. The consequent genomic analysis confirmed the enrichment of purine-pyrimidine HIDERs in a few selected genomes of mammals, an insect, and a plant, compared to randomized sequence controls. Similarly, it was suggested that hypothetical delocalized proton clouds of the hydrogen bonds of multiple stacked bases could serve as sequence-dependent hydrogen-bond-based HIDERs. Similarly, the enrichment of such HIDERs was observed. It is suggested that these enrichments are the first evidence in support of sequence-specific resonance signaling in the genome.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[30729] viXra:1908.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 00:56:26

20 Qubits Schrodinger Cat

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

An international team, including researchers from several leading American universities, together with experts from Forschungszentrum Jülich, have now succeeded in transforming 20 entangled quantum bits into such a state of superposition. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30728] viXra:1908.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 01:24:55

Solid State Characterization of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Magnesium

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

Magnesium (Mg) is abundantly present in the human body, which is important for many metabolic activities, and normal functioning of cells, muscles, heart, bones, etc. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical properties of Mg powder using PXRD and PSA analytical techniques. Mg powder sample was divided into two parts, one part of Mg was considered as control (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), while the second part received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and termed as a Consciousness Energy Healing Treated sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated Mg were significantly altered ranging from 2.86% to 16.51% and 6.79% to 52.30%, respectively compared to the control sample. Overall the average crystallite size of the treated Mg sample was significantly increased by 16.92% compared with the control sample. The particle size values in the treated Mg were significantly decreased by 5.5% (d10), 7.26% (d50), 8.63% (d90), and 7.69% {D(4,3)} compared to the control sample. The specific surface area of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Mg powder (0.0187m2/g) was significantly increased by 7.47% compared with the control sample (0.0174m2/g). The Trivedi Effect® might lead to generate a new polymorphic form of Mg which would show better solubility in solvents compared with the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Mg would be very useful for the prevention and treatment of many diseases such as hypomagnesaemia, ventricular arrhythmias and the prevention of sudden cardiac death, migraine, inflammatory diseases, immunological disorders, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, diabetes mellitus, cancer, gestational hypertension, oxidative stress, etc. It would be more beneficial for the designing of nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations, and other metal and chemical industries.
Category: Biochemistry

[30727] viXra:1908.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 01:48:04

Biological Clocks Locked in Sync

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Scientists from EPFL's Institute of Bioengineering have discovered that the circadian clock and the cell-cycle are, in fact, synchronized. [26] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a molecular switch that causes immune cells called macrophages to clean up cellular debris caused by infections instead of contributing to inflammation and tissue injury. [25] Working with mouse and human tissue, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report new evidence that a protein pumped out of some—but not all—populations of "helper" cells in the brain, called astrocytes, plays a specific role in directing the formation of connections among neurons needed for learning and forming new memories. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30726] viXra:1908.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 02:13:15

Counterintuitive Physics in Living Organism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Ever since the late 19th century, physicists have known about a counterintuitive property of some electric circuits called negative resistance. [27] Scientists from EPFL's Institute of Bioengineering have discovered that the circadian clock and the cell-cycle are, in fact, synchronized. [26] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a molecular switch that causes immune cells called macrophages to clean up cellular debris caused by infections instead of contributing to inflammation and tissue injury. [25] Working with mouse and human tissue, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report new evidence that a protein pumped out of some—but not all—populations of "helper" cells in the brain, called astrocytes, plays a specific role in directing the formation of connections among neurons needed for learning and forming new memories. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30725] viXra:1908.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 02:34:20

Diffractive Neural Network

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

A new paper in Advanced Photonics demonstrates distinct improvements to the inference and generalization performance of diffractive optical neural networks. [29] A team of researchers from the University of Münster, the University of Oxford and the University of Exeter has built an all-optical neural network on a single chip. [28] Physicists from Petrozavodsk State University have proposed a new method for oscillatory neural network to recognize simple images. Such networks with an adjustable synchronous state of individual neurons have, presumably, dynamics similar to neurons in the living brain. [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[30724] viXra:1908.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 04:00:14

Refutation of the Paradox of Hempel’s Raven

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the hypothesis which is not tautologous and hence not a paradox. It forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[30723] viXra:1908.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:03:53

Refutation of Differential Reasoning

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We refute Hempel’s raven paradox elsewhere, hence refuting differential reasoning which forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[30722] viXra:1908.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:45:24

Definition Ⅴ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is definition ⑤
Category: General Mathematics

[30721] viXra:1908.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:51:29

Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Chromium Trioxide (CrO3): Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Chromium trioxide (CrO3) has many industrial applications for the manufacturing of aerospace parts, synthetic rubies, stripping agent, etc. but it is very hygroscopic, toxic and powerful oxidizing material. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of CrO3 using modern analytical techniques. The sample was divided into two parts, one part of the test sample was considered as the control sample (no Biofield Treatment was provided), while another portion received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and termed as the treated sample. The particle size values of the treated CrO3 were increased by 2.39%, 4.52%, 4.42%, and 4.15% at d10, d50, d90, and D(4,3), respectively compared to the control sample. Thus, the specific surface area of the treated CrO3 was decreased by 4.27% compared with the control sample. The PXRD peak intensities of the treated CrO3 were significantly altered ranging from -73.48% to 212.5% compared with the control sample. Similarly, the crystallite sizes of the treated sample were significantly altered ranging from -38.7% to 167.39% compared to the control sample. However, the average crystallite size of the treated sample was increased by 4.25% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion of the treated sample was significantly increased by 556.45% compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might produce a new polymorphic form of CrO3 which would be better powder flowability and lower solubility; hence it will show the lower absorption and toxicity on inhalation, ingestion, contact to skin and eye, chronic exposure, and aggravation of pre-existing conditions. The Biofield Energy Treated CrO3 sample would be very useful for the ceramic industry manufacturing the synthetic rubies, stripping agent of anodic coatings, aerospace parts, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30720] viXra:1908.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:52:03

The Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Silver Oxide (Ag2O)

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Silver oxide possesses antimicrobial properties and also has numerous applications in space research, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries. It is not readily soluble in most of the solvents and highly sensitive to light. Thus, this study was executed to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of silver oxide using PSA, PXRD, and DSC analytical techniques. The test sample was divided into two parts: one part was control sample and the other part was treated sample. The control sample did not receive Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas the treated sample received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak. The particle size values of the treated silver oxide powder were significantly decreased at d10, d50, d90, and D(4,3) by 9.507%, 4.957%, 3.463%, and 4.787% respectively, thus the specific surface area was significantly increased by 7.647% compared with the control sample. The peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered from -91.53% to 26.92% and -69.76% to 8.83%, respectively; however, the average crystallite size was significantly decreased by 35.62% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The melting point and latent heat of fusion of the treated silver oxide were significantly increased by 2.47% and 538.57%, respectively compared with the control sample. The results suggested that the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment might have introduced a new polymorphic form of silver oxide which would show better solubility, dissolution rate, absorption, bioavailability, and thermal stability. The treated silver oxide would be more efficacious as a medicine in the body and also advantageous for the pharmaceutical, space, chemical, nuclear submarine, optoelectronic industry when using it as a raw material.
Category: Biochemistry

[30719] viXra:1908.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:53:02

Assessment of the Influence of Biofield Energy Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Lead Using PXRD, PSA, and DSC

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

The lead metal is used for different purposes, i.e. contraceptive, cosmetics, ornaments, glasses, glazes, enamels, writing material, currency, construction, lead-acid battery, etc. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of lead using PXRD, PSA, and DSC analysis. The lead sample was divided into control and treated parts. The control sample did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment, whereas the treated sample received the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a famous Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -60.54% to -37.5% and -17.86% to 177.74%, respectively; whereas the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 138.96% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The particle size values were significantly increased by 59.62% (d10), 118.05% (d50), 1976.76% (d90) and 1045.85% {D(4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly decreased by 51.15% in the Biofield Treated lead sample compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion was significantly increased by 15.53% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have generated a new polymorphic form of lead which could have better powder flowability and more thermal stability compared with the untreated sample. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Treated lead might minimize the lead poisoning/toxicity of the people continuosly associated with the pipe, paint, food, mining, plastic, glass, chemical, and alloys manufacturing industry.
Category: Biochemistry

[30718] viXra:1908.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:53:46

Particle Size, Surface Area, Crystallite Size, and Thermal Analysis of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Selenium

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient, which has various physiological functions and also required for the prevention and treatment of Se deficiency diseases. The objective of the research work was to evaluate the effect of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of Se powder using PSA, PXRD, and DSC analytical technique. The Se powder sample was divided into two parts. One part of Se was called as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), while the second part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a famous Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values of the treated Se powder were significantly decreased by 17.51%(d10), 13.26%(d50), 8.68%(d90), and 11.24%{D(4,3)}; therefore, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 17.68% compared to the control sample. The Powder XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated Se were significantly altered ranging from -18.14% to 2.19% and -4.3% to 14.29% respectively; however, the average crystallite size was increased by 1.54% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion of the treated Se was significantly increased by 10.33% compared with the control sample. All results concluded that a new polymorphic form of Se might have generated after the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment which may be better soluble, bioavailable, and thermally more stable compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect® Treated selenium would be more efficacious nutraceutical and pharmaceutical formulations for the treatment of cancer, type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, viral diseases, stress, aging, muscle disorders, male infertility, neurological disorders, degenerative ailments, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30717] viXra:1908.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:54:16

Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Lead Using PXRD, PSA, and DSC Analysis

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

The lead metal is widely used for cosmetics, contraceptive, ornaments, enamels, currency, construction, lead-acid battery, etc. The research objective was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of the lead sample using the modern analytical technique. The sample was divided into two parts, one part of the sample was considered as the control sample, while the second part of the sample was received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and was termed as the treated sample. The particle size values were significantly increased by 18.08% (d10), 55.42% (d50), 1328.55% (d90), and 782.79% [D (4,3)], thus the specific surface area was significantly decreased by 32.7% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The powder XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered from 31.21% to 140.79% and -3.05% to 142.47% respectively; whereas, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 49.42% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion was significantly increased by 6.53% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect® might be responsible for the generation of the new polymorphic form of lead which could have better powder flowability, and more thermally stable compared with the untreated sample. The Biofield Energy Treated sample might reduce the lead poisoning of the people continuously associated with the industries manufacturing paint, pipe, food, and alloys. The thermally stable treated lead also be advantageous for the metal industry.
Category: Biochemistry

[30716] viXra:1908.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 07:46:05

Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Telogen Skin of Hair Follicles of C57BL/6 Mice

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Development of hair follicle is undergoing cycles of three phases like anagen, catagen, and telogen. Adequate hair growth is essential for social interaction and outlook in human life. In this context, the present study was performed for the assessment of the impact of Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect® ) Treatment on the test item (1:1 ratio mixture of herbal extracts of Phyllantus emblica and Eclipta alba) in C57BL/6 mice. The test item was divided into two parts. One part was denoted as the untreated and test item without any Biofield Energy Treatment, while the other part was defined as the Biofield Energy Treated test item, which received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The study parameters like anagen induction and visual melanogenesis using skin biopsy technique were used in this experiment for the assessment of hair growth phages.The experimental results of the untreated and Biofield Energy Treated test item groups showed 50% and 60%, respectively of hair growth on dorsal clipped skin after topical application compared to the vehicle control group. Besides, the Biofield Energy Treated test item exhibited 60% melanogenesis after biopsy analysis in mice skin at the end of experiment compared with the vehicle control group. The overall results demonstrated that the Biofield Energy Treatment has the potential for hair growth promotion as evident via increased hair growth and melanogenesis. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect® ) Treatment could be useful as a hair growth promoter for various treatment of skin injuries and skin-related disorders like necrotizing fasciitis, actinic keratosis, sebaceous cysts, diaper rash, decubitus ulcer, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[30715] viXra:1908.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 08:35:41

Superconductivity, Passive-Rotation and Levitation.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 7 Pages.

The forces of nature are reviewed and analyzed from first principles, without any pre-conceptions. The review is based on the earlier analysis of Energy Fields around conductors, solenoids, permanent magnets and rotating bodies [1]. In this paper, we develop further proposals for interactions between energy fields. The results may provide an alternative explanation for passive-rotation and also for super-conducting-levitation and Cooper Pairs.
Category: Condensed Matter

[30714] viXra:1908.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 08:43:44

Dark Matter Detector Search for Gold

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

A method for locating seams of gold and other heavy metals is the unlikely spin-off of Swinburne's involvement in a huge experiment to detect dark matter down a mine in Stawell, Victoria. [28] The key component of the LUX-ZEPLIN experiment is ready to be sealed and lowered nearly 1.5 km underground, where it will search for dark matter. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[30713] viXra:1908.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 09:36:08

War Around Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

In the summer of 2009, theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde had a brainwave that developed into a radical new idea about gravity and the universe as an ocean of information. Ten years later, the last word about this has not yet been said. [21] An international research team including astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has combined radio telescopes from five continents to prove the existence of a narrow stream of material, a so-called jet, emerging from the only gravitational wave event involving two neutron stars ever observed. [20] The improvement will see the twin observatories-located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US-double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[30712] viXra:1908.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 10:05:14

Plasmonic-Photonic Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

A group of researchers led by Professor Myakzyum Salakhov has been working on the problem of optical states in plasmonic-photonic crystals (PPCs). [41] Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40] A novel quantum effect observed in a carbon nanotube film could lead to the development of unique lasers and other optoelectronic devices, according to scientists at Rice University and Tokyo Metropolitan University. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[30711] viXra:1908.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 10:29:31

Thinnest Optical Waveguide Channels

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the thinnest optical device in the world—a waveguide that is three layers of atoms thin. [42] A group of researchers led by Professor Myakzyum Salakhov has been working on the problem of optical states in plasmonic-photonic crystals (PPCs). [41] Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40]
Category: Condensed Matter

[30710] viXra:1908.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 10:51:15

Recent Advances in the Modal Model Checker Meth8 with VŁ4 Universal Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 32 Pages. Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com; email: info@cec-services . com

We use the Meth8/VL4 modal logic model checker to evaluate 607 artifacts in 3162 assertions to refute 2620 as non tautologous (82.9%). This is the abstract, table of results, and table of contents. The current document in 998-pages includes the availability of Meth8/VL4 and is requestable from info@ersatz-systems.com.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[30709] viXra:1908.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 10:58:34

Improve Optical Data Transmission

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Engineers at the University of Illinois have found a way to redirect misfit light waves to reduce energy loss during optical data transmission. [43] Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the thinnest optical device in the world—a waveguide that is three layers of atoms thin. [42] A group of researchers led by Professor Myakzyum Salakhov has been working on the problem of optical states in plasmonic-photonic crystals (PPCs). [41] Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[30708] viXra:1908.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 13:30:20

Moteur Alternatif Mécanique

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 10 Pages.

Un travail en mécanique des moteurs , vos avis et vos collaborations sont les bienvenues.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[30707] viXra:1908.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 14:56:28

Matter Creation Principle (Part III)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 13 Pages.

Matter Creation Principle (Part III) Abstract Paper Hypothesis There's a light beam its velocity 1.16 mkm/sec travels from Pluto to Earth Axis which creates the connection between Pluto on one side and Earth with her Moon on the other Side Based on this connection Pluto and the Moon orbit effect on Solar Planets Creation Process This hypothesis depends on Solar System General Principle -Solar group geometrical structure depends on energy of light beam motion (its velocity 1.16 mkm/sec) for one second period -Light motion (1.16 mkm/sec) for 1 second period causes Planet to move for 1 solar day..
Category: Astrophysics

[30706] viXra:1908.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 15:11:15

The Higgs Boson and the IVBs: Gatekeepers of the Multiverse

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 6 Pages.

The Higgs boson and its associated IVBs may be fairly characterized as "gate-keepers" of the Multiverse, in that they control/regulate the asymmetric products (such as our "matter only" Cosmos) that emerge from the "all-symmetric" domain of the Multiverse (i.e., the quantum-mechanical universal "void" of Heisenberg/Dirac).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[30705] viXra:1908.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 15:27:03

De Broglie Interval Wave and Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this work a more accurate interpretation of de Broglie waves as interval waves is given, i.e., spatio-temporal waves. Also given a strict derivation of the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle from the de Broglie interval wave, that is, from wave-particle duality, is given. Proven that that the uncertainty principle expresses the fact that in the microworld our concepts (length, time, etc.) are not fundamental, and therefore they can change in a certain way. The problem of the radius of an elementary particle is also logically explained.
Category: Quantum Physics

[30704] viXra:1908.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 17:31:10

L'injection Mécanique Automatique

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 2 Pages.

C'est un travail sur l'injection mécanique automatique dans un moteur .Vous trouverez un résultat très important qui aide à deviner la forme de la combustion et donc aide à usiner la bonne tête de piston.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[30703] viXra:1908.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 23:49:23

Please read this: Faith has Reasons

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 14 Pages.

Faith has Reasons
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[30702] viXra:1908.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 00:21:59

Dedinition Ⅳ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is definition ④.
Category: General Mathematics

[30701] viXra:1908.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 02:05:18

Evaluation of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Berberine Chloride Using PXRD, PSA, and DSC Analysis

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 10 Pages.

Berberine is one of the well-known traditional Chinese medicines and it has been significantly effective against various ailments. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on its physicochemical properties by using PXRD, PSA, TGA/DTG, and DSC analytical techniques. The sample was divided into two parts; the first part was considered as a control sample (without treatment), while the second part was received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by the Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and denoted as the treated sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were altered ranging from -28.78% to 115.15% and -15.76% to 241.38%, respectively; however the average crystallite size was increased significantly by 23.05% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The particle sizes were significantly increased by 16.89% (d10), 34.41% (d50), 21.88% (d90), and 22.85 % {D (4,3)}, which resulted in the significant increase in the specific surface area by 14.74% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The thermal analysis indicated 3.98% increase in weight loss and 3.64% decrease in the residue weight of the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat for the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th peaks of the treated sample were significantly altered by 224.78%, 7.93%, 8.92%, -9.05%, -45.82%, and 10.93%, respectively, compared to the control sample. The overall analysis indicated that the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treated berberine chloride might possess better solubility, absorption, and thermal stability compared to the untreated sample. Thus, the Trivedi Effect® could be used in improving the bioavailability of berberine chloride and might be used for designing the novel nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations to combat various diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

Replacements of recent Submissions

[11949] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-20 07:26:11

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 4 Pages. Typos corrected and text expanded. Final fersion.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed ‘brain-controlled cold plasma’ (BCCP).
Category: Quantum Physics

[11948] viXra:1908.0381 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-21 00:47:54

Proof of the Riemann Hypothesis(really Final)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 7 Pages.

I treat Riemann hypothesis as a series and proved it. Up to now, I have tried to expand this equation and prove Riemann hypothesis with the equation of cos, sin, but the proof was impossible. However, I realized that a simple formula before expansion can prove it.
Category: Number Theory

[11947] viXra:1908.0376 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-21 05:40:39

World Health Concern

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

In an attempt to preserve a sustainable living and care standard, marginal groups implemented tactics on the borderline to the extreme.
Category: Social Science

[11946] viXra:1908.0364 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-18 08:04:59

God and Mathematical Beauty

Authors: Johannes Abdus Salam
Comments: 1 Page.

I discovered an evidence of the existence of God as a beautiful equality.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[11945] viXra:1908.0363 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-18 09:55:05

Scalability of Meth8/VL4

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page.

We offer two more packages in Meth8 to process increasing numbers of propositional variables.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[11944] viXra:1908.0357 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-18 18:21:44

It is Easier to Verify the Solution Than to Find it - III

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 23 Pages. In portuguese.

Introducing firstly the concepts of variable languages and languages with semantic and then without using them we presented original proofs of the famous P versus NP problem of Computer Science. These proofs don't implies that the NP-complete problems not belongs to P, so the P versus NP-complete problem remains open, as well as it is possible (perhaps) to solve the SAT problem in polynomial time.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[11943] viXra:1908.0309 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-19 02:38:06

Inertia as a Net Magnetic Effect and Gravity as a Net Electrostatic Force

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper reveals the long standing mysteries of inertia and gravity, based on Weber's electrodynamics formula. Conventionally it is presumed that the electrical and magnetic force of interaction between opposite charges is equal in magnitude to the force of interaction between similar charges. Changing this view leads to a very compelling theory of inertia and gravity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11942] viXra:1908.0292 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-20 12:34:31

The Concept of Time

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 4 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

In physics, the begin of the universe poses interpretation problems. This can be resolved by restricting the range of proper time to a subset of the range of events.
Category: Quantum Physics

[11941] viXra:1908.0292 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-20 06:04:25

The Concept of Time

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 3 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

In physics, the begin of the universe poses interpretation problems. This can be resolved by restricting the range of proper time to a subset of the range of events.
Category: Quantum Physics

[11940] viXra:1908.0290 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-17 00:37:36

The Introduction of the Einstein Model of a Solid to Analytical Psychology.

Authors: Theodoros Aliferis
Comments: 8 Pages.

If we intend to bridge physics and psychology one of the shortest paths is through Thermodynamics and Analytical Psychology (AP). That is because in AP both the First and the Second Law of Thermodynamics, are well defined (Principle of Equivalence, Principle of Entropy). There are not too many thermodynamic models. As a result our choices are limited. The Einstein model of a Solid (ES) is a thermodynamic model with applications in thermodynamics, quantum statistics and solid state physics. I intend to show that the ES is a suitable model to bridge thermodynamics and theoretical AP. The approach I follow is an attempt to match the abstract entities of AP to those of the ES. I also attempt to prove that the conditions on which the ES is based, agree with AP. Finally I attempt to solve a crucial paradox met in theoretical AP, but not explained yet. The results of this paper could be summarized as follows: I prove that a match between the abstract entities of AP and those of the ES can be achieved. I prove that two of the conditions, on which the ES is based, are clearly met in AP. I meet no conflict between the rest of the conditions of the ES and the theory of AP. Finally I explain and solve the paradox. The Conclusions/Significance of this research is that I introduce algebraic expressions in AP. Additionally, I help both the practitioner and theorist of AP as any improved theory would. Keywords: Einstein solid, Analytical psychology, Entropy.
Category: Social Science

[11939] viXra:1908.0286 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-15 17:26:00

A New Appraoch to Proof the Riemann Hypothesis Using New Operator

Authors: Rafik Zeraoulia
Comments: 09 Pages. no comment

In this note we present a new approach to proof the Riemann hypothesis one of the most important open problem in pure mathematics using a new operator derived from unitary operator groups acts on Riemann-Siegal function and it uses partition function for Hamiltonian operator , The interest idea is to compute the compositional inverse of Riemann zeta function at $s=-\frac12$ such as we show that:$\zeta^{-1}(-\frac12) =\zeta(\frac12+i \beta)=0$ for some $\beta >0 $
Category: Mathematical Physics

[11938] viXra:1908.0274 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-14 10:40:22

Refutation of the Paradox of Hempel’s Raven

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the hypothesis which is not tautologous and hence not a paradox. It forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[11937] viXra:1908.0273 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-14 10:41:21

Refutation of Differential Reasoning

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We refute Hempel’s raven paradox elsewhere, hence refuting differential reasoning which forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[11936] viXra:1908.0260 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-20 14:39:45

Recent Advances in the Modal Model Checker Meth8 with VŁ4 Universal Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 32 Pages. Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com; email: info@cec-services . com

We use the Meth8/VL4 modal logic model checker to evaluate 610 artifacts in 3183 assertions to refute 2641 as non tautologous (82.97%). This is the abstract, table of results, and table of contents. The current document in 1004-pages includes the availability of Meth8/VL4 and is requestable from info@ersatz-systems.com.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[11935] viXra:1908.0256 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-13 09:02:50

The Higgs Boson and the Weak Force IVBs: Gatekeepers of the Multiverse

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 6 Pages. adding several new links and minor corrections

The Higgs boson and its associated IVBs may be fairly characterized as "gate-keepers" of the Multiverse, in that they control/regulate the asymmetric products (such as our "matter only" Cosmos) that emerge from the "all-symmetric" domain of the Multiverse (i.e., the quantum-mechanical universal "void" of Heisenberg/Dirac).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology