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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[25796] viXra:1809.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 05:42:46

1i/2017 u1 Oumuamua: Metamorphosis During Journey to Inner Solar System

Authors: José J. Astorkia
Comments: 9 Pages.

The first interstellar interloper observed 1I/2017 U1 OUMUAMUA presents unexpected features in a interstellar minor body. This paper looks plausibility of changes in these features in solar system. And search a mechanism for these changes.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[25795] viXra:1809.0516 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 07:07:45

Are Laser Particle Accelerator Capable to Propel Spaceships in Cosmic Distance?

Authors: J.Jafari
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this study, an experiment is proposed to measure the space-time contraction due to the acceleration of an electric particle. According to the set-up suggested in this study, any change in the time-space orthogonality is measurable by detecting the phase changes in an integrated Michelson-Morley interferometer. Thereafter, by using the results of [1], the electric field due to the acceleration of electric charge has been considered as proportional to the changes in the orthogonal angle of the space-time. One of the goals of this experiment is to present a solution to measure the constant of this equivalency. For the observer located far enough from the accelerated particle origin, the time for the light traveling the interferometer arm that is near to the origin of accelerated particle is decreased; in other words, the apparent speed of light that is measured by the observer would be higher than c. Hence, using the particle accelerators capable of generating high energy gradient such as laser particle accelerators are introduced as an approach for creating a contraction in space-time.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25794] viXra:1809.0515 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 07:45:56

Fractales Del Tipo Newton Asociados al Polinomio: P(z)=z^9+3z^6+3z^3-1,z Complejo.

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 15 Pages.

En esta nota mostramos algunos fractales del tipo Newton asociados al polinomio: p(z)=z^9+3z^6+3z^3-1,z complejo.
Category: Geometry

[25793] viXra:1809.0514 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 07:49:36

On Catalan's Constant: Upgrade 1

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 4 Pages.

This note presents an integral for Catalan's constant.
Category: Number Theory

[25792] viXra:1809.0513 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 07:56:20

Question 475: Pi , Fractals and Formulas

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this note we give some fractals and formulas for Pi: pi=3.1415926535...
Category: General Mathematics

[25791] viXra:1809.0512 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 07:53:58

Green IT Solutions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

The findings, which have been published in Science Advances, open up new ways to create and manipulate complex magnetic structures and use these structures for green IT applications. [32] Unique physical properties of these "magic knots" might help to satisfy demand for IT power and storage using a fraction of the energy. [31] A skyrmion is the magnetic version of a tornado which is obtained by replacing the air parcels that make up the tornado by magnetic spins, and by scaling the system down to the nanometre scale. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[25790] viXra:1809.0511 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 07:59:39

Question 476: A Trigonometric Integral

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

Some remarks on a trigonometric integral.
Category: General Mathematics

[25789] viXra:1809.0510 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 09:05:05

Ai Create 100,000 New Tunes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

"It will be interesting to see if this collection is used to train future generations of computer models," Sturm says. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25788] viXra:1809.0509 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 09:10:47

A Derivation of the Kerr–Newman Metric Using Ellipsoid Coordinate Transformation

Authors: Yu-Ching, Chou
Comments: 7 Pages.

The Kerr–Newman metric describes a special rotating charged mass and is the most general solution for the asymptotically stable “black-hole” solution in the Einstein–Maxwell equations in general relativity. Because these are nonlinear partial differential equations, it is difficult to find an exact analytical solution other than spherical symmetry. This study presented a new derivation of the Kerr–Newman metric which is an extension of the authors’ previous research. Using the ellipsoid symmetry of space-time in the Kerr metric, an ellipsoidal coordinate transformation method was performed and the Kerr–Newman metric was more intuitively obtained.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25787] viXra:1809.0508 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 09:38:30

Hydrogen Supershell in the Milky Way

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

A duo of researchers from the Czech Republic has performed a study of the neutral hydrogen supershell known as GS242-03+37, a large structure in the Milky Way galaxy. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36]
Category: Astrophysics

[25786] viXra:1809.0507 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 10:09:22

Chip Up AI Performance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Princeton researchers, in collaboration with Analog Devices Inc., have fabricated a chip that markedly boosts the performance and efficiency of neural networks—computer algorithms modeled on the workings of the human brain. [28] "It will be interesting to see if this collection is used to train future generations of computer models," Sturm says. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25785] viXra:1809.0506 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 10:28:49

Sensor Surface on Robot Skin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Robots will be able to conduct a wide variety of tasks as well as humans if they can be given tactile sensing capabilities. [25] A new type of artificial-intelligence-driven chemistry could r evolutionise the way molecules are discovered, scientists claim. [24] Tired of writing your own boring code for new software? Finally, there's an AI that can do it for you. [23] Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm—called MPLasso—that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses—so-called retrosyntheses—with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25784] viXra:1809.0505 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 13:03:16

There Exists a Prime in Any Interval from A^2 to A(A±1), for All A>1

Authors: Joseph Dise
Comments: 2 Pages.

A short demonstration of the title claim, which proves the Legendre conjecture and potentially other conjectures.
Category: Number Theory

[25783] viXra:1809.0504 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 14:01:48

Some Relations for the Q-Pochhammer Symbol, the Q-Binomial Coefficient, the Q-Bracket, the Q-Factorial and the Q-Gamma Function

Authors: Edigles Guedes
Comments: 11 Pages.

I deduce some relations for the q-Pochhammer symbol, the q-binomial coefficient, the q-bracket, the q-factorial and the q-Gamma function.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[25782] viXra:1809.0503 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 16:12:05

An Elementary Proof of the ABC Conjecture

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 4 Pages. Comments welcome.

We give an elementary proof of the ABC conjecture.
Category: Number Theory

[25781] viXra:1809.0502 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-25 02:02:33

Which Infrastructure for Which Forest Function? Analyzing the Multifunctionality Through the Social-Ecological System Framework

Authors: Mojtaba Houballah, Jean-Denis Mathias, Thomas Cordonnier
Comments: 30 Pages.

Landscapes are subjected to ecological and socio-economic forces of change, interacting in complex ways. To cope with these changes, landscape planning of natural resource management consists of integrating socio-cultural, ecological, and economic considerations in an analytic and systemic way. In this vein, social-ecological systems (SES) frameworks have been developed to help in analyzing key factors that derive the dynamics of such complex adaptive systems. For forests, multi-functional management, which also highlights the ecological and the socio-economic roles of forests for society, has become a central objective for several European countries (e.g. France, Italy, Germany). However, tools and conceptual approaches related to SES frameworks that enable us to understand the mechanisms behind such management approaches are still lacking. This study adopts Ostrom’s SES framework and Anderies robustness framework to highlight how forestry institutions affect forest ecosystem, forest functions, and social arrangements. As an illustration, we apply our analysis to the Quatre-Montagne forest, located in the South-East of France, where multifunctional forest management is a major objective. We first consider the SES framework to construct a diagnosis of the Quatre-Montagne forest specifying the first-tier and second-tier variables. From this analysis, we highlight the importance of physical/social infrastructures in shaping the interactions between components of the SES. We outline that the robustness framework, developed by Anderies, serves to better explain management options of an ecologically-based SES. We discuss implications, based on our infrastructure analysis, which can be used when establishing management design for efficient forest management.
Category: Social Science

[25780] viXra:1809.0500 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-25 03:31:05

New Way to Count Qubits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Researchers at Syracuse University, working with collaborators at the University of Wisconsin (UW)-Madison, have developed a new technique for measuring the state of quantum bits, or qubits, in a quantum computer. [23] Researchers at the University of Twente, working with colleagues at the Technical Universities of Delft and Eindhoven, have successfully developed a new and interesting building block. [22] Researchers at the Institut d'Optique Graduate School at the CNRS and Université Paris-Saclay in France have used a laser-based technique to rearrange cold atoms one-by-one into fully ordered 3D patterns. [21] Reduced entropy in a three-dimensional lattice of super-cooled, laser-trapped atoms could help speed progress toward creating quantum computers. [20] Under certain conditions, an atom can cause other atoms to emit a flash of light. At TU Wien (Vienna), this quantum effect has now been measured. [19] A recent discovery by William & Mary and University of Michigan researchers transforms our understanding of one of the most important laws of modern physics. [18] Now, a team of physicists from The University of Queensland and the NÉEL Institute has shown that, as far as quantum physics is concerned, the chicken and the egg can both come first. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating—something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25779] viXra:1809.0499 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-25 04:53:00

AI Improve Drug Combination

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A new auto-commentary published in SLAS Technology looks at how an emerging area of artificial intelligence, specifically the analysis of small systems-of-interest specific datasets, can be used to improve drug development and personalized medicine. [25] And if that isn't surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25778] viXra:1809.0498 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-25 04:58:22

Bohm's Potential, Classical/Quantum Duality and Repulsive Gravity

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 12 Pages. submitted to Physics Letters B

We propose the notion of a classical/quantum $duality$ in the gravitational case (it can be extended to other interactions). By this one means $exchanging$ Bohm's quantum potential for the classical potential $ V_Q \leftrightarrow V $ in the stationary quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation (QHJE) so that $ V_Q + V = - V_0$ ($V_0$ is the ground state energy). Despite that the corresponding Schr\"{o}dinger equations, and their solutions differ, their associated quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation, and $ground$ state energy remains the $same$. This is how the classical/quantum duality is implemented. In this scenario Bohm's quantum potential (which coincides with the attractive Newtonian potential) is now correlated to a classical $repulsive$ gravitational potential (plus a constant ). These results suggest that there might be a $quantum$ origin to the classical $repulsive$ gravitational behavior (of the accelerated expansion) of the universe which is based on this notion of classical/quantum $duality$.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[25777] viXra:1809.0496 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 06:40:07

Simulation of Nontribial Point of Riemann Zeta Function Ver.4

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 14 Pages.

Tried to simulate the nontribial point of the Riemann zeta function. At the beginning, we tried to be exactly the same value as the nontribial point of the Riemann Zeta function only with the degree of increase of the circle going up like wrapping x = 0.5, but the degree of increase varies from moment to moment extremely difficult It was judged impossible. Then I created an expression that can take approximate values, but always take lower values than the nontribial zeros of the Riemann zeta function except for the initial values. However, by increasing the degree of increase of the circle going up like winding x = 0.5, it became possible to take a value which can be said to be an approximate value. The degree of increase in circle was based on the formula of the nuclear energy value of uranium. Since the degree of increase of the zero point changes from moment to moment, satisfactory approximate values can not be obtained yet.
Category: Algebra

[25776] viXra:1809.0495 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 07:30:21

Sarva Vidya - The Essence of Everything

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 171 Pages.

All the aspects of wisdom are covered in a smooth flow, that can completely explain the universe in all its levels. The ultimate spiritual source is Advaita Vedanta and Sri Vidya. From there, Mysticism and Spiritual Path follows, as do perspectives and mindsets. These give rise to measurement - hypernumbers and numbers, arithmetic and geometry. Hypernumbers arise from the flow of mind, and may describe anything from science to art to fiction, fantasy and even dreams - the possibility space is infinite. The physical world though is a restriction of the possibilities through the system of logic. The special shape of Sri Yantra is formed, unraveling in 8 dimensions to give the most perfect shape - E8. The Sri Yantra yields through Avaranas, the nine digits of our number system, which describes the physical world, and along with it, all mathematical operations, geometry etc. The E8 acquires context as physical charges, and forms the underlying basis of a system of chaotic signals acting as qubits, entangling the 8 states to give 240 subatomic particles. Breaking the E8 symmetry through a non-zero Higgs Field creates space time, and our universe is born. It expands, giving rise to Dark Energy, and creating various states of matter including Dark Matter. Particles, ions, atoms, and molecules are successively created, leading to macromolecules such as RNA and DNA. Their sustenance and signaling abilities facilitate the genesis of life. The Genetic Code is seen to arise from the concepts embodied by Sri Yantra. This gives rise to the Vedic language - the ancestor to all spoken language on Earth. Genetic Code and evolution leads to ultimately humans, whose populations lead to races in different regions of the world, explained by Y-DNA Haplogroup mutations as Manvantaras. As civilizations slowly grow, Vedic language slowly transforms into many local languages, who then lose touch with Vedic wisdom. To ensure spiritual wisdom is not lost, the Divine manifests in different forms in different regions. These are the birth of religions. A person whose mind is sufficiently purified by religion enters mystic and spiritual realms of thought, and enters the spiritual process of sixteen stages. This takes us back to the Truth of Advaita, and the cycle is complete.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[25775] viXra:1809.0494 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 07:42:03

Perovskite Semiconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20]
Category: Condensed Matter

[25774] viXra:1809.0493 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 08:13:45

3-D Maps of Cell Membrane Fusion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

New 3-D maps of water distribution during cellular membrane fusion are accelerating scientific understanding of cell development, which could lead to new treatments for diseases associated with cell fusion. [43] Thanks to the invention of a technique called super-resolution fluorescence microscopy, it has recently become possible to view even the smaller parts of a living cell. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: Physics of Biology

[25773] viXra:1809.0492 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 08:39:53

International Neutrino Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector, they were statistically most likely to be in a state of superposition, with no definite flavor or identity. [9] A new study reveals that neutrinos produced in the core of a supernova are highly localised compared to neutrinos from all other known sources.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25772] viXra:1809.0491 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 09:08:02

Nuclear Binding Energy Fails (Is Mass Spectrometry Accurate?)

Authors: Chan Rasjid Kah Chew
Comments: 10 Pages.

Mass spectrometry measures atomic masses giving precision of 10^{-10}, but its accuracy has not been verified - precision and accuracy are two independent aspects. The Lorentz force law underlying mass spectrometry has not been verified. In the 1920's, the atomic masses of some elements measured through the early mass spectrometers showed some discrepancies from the `whole-number-rule' of atomic weights. The physics community accepted the discrepancies from whole numbers to be correct; they proposed the concept of `mass defects'. This, together with the mass energy equivalence of E = mc^2 allowed Arthur Eddington to propose a new `sub-atomic' energy to account for the source of the energy of the sun to be in line with the 15 billion age of the sun in their theory. They never entertained the other simpler option - that their mass spectrometers were only approximately good. If the atomic masses of nuclides were to be just whole numbers equal to the mass number in atomic mass unit, it would be a confirmation of the law of mass conservation in the atomic and subatomic world. The key to decide the fate of nuclear physics is in sodium fluoride NaF. Sodium and fluorine occur in nature only as single stable isotopes. A chemical analysis of NaF with the current analytical balance to determine the relative atomic mass of Na/F would decide conclusively if mass spectrometry is accurate. The current relative atomic mass of Na/F is : 22.989769/18.998403 or 1.210089; the ratio of the mass number of Na/F is : 23/19 or 1.210526. The accuracy of mass spectrometry would be confirmed if the value is 1.210089 +- 0.000012. Otherwise, if the value is 1.210526 +- 0.000012, it would mean a confirmation of the law of conservation of mass. The implications of such a scenario is beyond imagination - the whole world of nuclear physics would collapse.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[25771] viXra:1809.0490 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 09:07:54

Laser Power in Real Time

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

To address this need, researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have been developing a laser power sensor that could be built into manufacturing devices for real-time measurements. [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25770] viXra:1809.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 10:41:57

Average IQ of the Brightest Kid in School

Authors: John R. Berryhill
Comments: 6 pages, 3 Figs., License Creative Commons 4.0

The individual IQ score is regarded as an indicator of general intelligence and a predictor of educational attainment. What, on average, would be the highest IQ found in a typical American high school? This question is addressed by means of a Monte Carlo simulation under reasonable assumptions. The answer is a number in the neighborhood of 150.
Category: Education and Didactics

[25769] viXra:1809.0488 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 10:45:03

A Study of the Sum of Three or More Consecutive Natural Numbers

Authors: Emmanuil Manousos
Comments: 34 Pages.

It holds that every product of natural numbers can also be written as a sum. The inverse does not hold when 1 is excluded from the product. For this reason, the investigation of natural numbers should be done through their sum and not through their product. Such an investigation is presented in the present article. We prove that primes play the same role for odd numbers as the powers of 2 for even numbers, and vice versa. The following theorem is proven: “Every natural number, except for 0 and 1, can be uniquely written as a linear combination of consecutive powers of 2 with the coefficients of the linear combination being -1 or +1.” This theorem reveals a set of symmetries in the internal order of natural numbers which cannot be derived when studying natural numbers on the basis of the product. From such a symmetry a method for identifying large prime numbers is derived. We prove a factorization test for the natural numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[25768] viXra:1809.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 23:17:37

On The Non-Real Nature of x.0 (x \in R_{\ne 0}): The Set of Null Imaginary Numbers $\nullset$

Authors: Saulo Queiroz
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this letter we discuss the inconsistencies of $0/0\cdot x=y$, $x,y\in\real_{\ne 0}$ from the perspective of the zero property multiplication (ZPM) $x\cdot 0 = y\cdot 0$ on $\real$. We axiomatize $x\cdot 0$ as a number $\inull(x)$ that has a real part $\Re(\inull(x))=0$ but indeed is not real. From this we define the set of null imaginary numbers $\nullset$ as $\{\inull(x)|\forall x\in\real_{\ne 0}\} \cup \{0\}$. Based on the definition of uniqueness (i.e., if $x\ne y\Leftrightarrow \inull(x)\ne \inull(y)$ and the null division (i.e., $\inull(x)/0=x$) we show the elementar algebra of $\nullset$. Hence, under the condition of existence of $\nullset$, we show that $0/0=1$ does cause the logic trivialism of mathematic.
Category: Algebra

[25767] viXra:1809.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 01:11:39

Heretical Physics Fake 'G'

Authors: John E. Miller
Comments: 15 Pages.

Newton’s ‘G’ is a measure of the error in assigning gravitational ‘g’ to be caused by mass. Newspapers continually report the failure of Students to enroll for the Physics curriculum. Also for those who do, there is a high attrition rate. Prof. Brian Cox (T.V. fame) stated “…common sense is completely worthless and irrelevant when trying to understand reality…” In an average galaxy of a few billion binary stars, each pair shares a common Aether Sphere. Their charge fields keeping them separated within the confines of a compression ‘Aether’ envelope. Pairing seems to be the best compromise of volume to minimum surface area. At a remote location at the extremities, there is a ‘single’ contained in a dust spec a few light hours across, having lost its companion after exploding but leaving behind a debris field. Debris matter, is now compressed by its surroundings, curved SPACE (EVERT; EINSTEIN), and such that each bit of debris is enveloped in an Aether Sphere to minimize energy contact. Such Aether Compression at contact initiates a force labelled ‘gravity’ or ‘g’.(Einstein;- matter tells Space how to curve) Inhabitants of a bit of debris, a blue coloured sphere, calculate this event as occurring 4.5 Billion years past. Each component of the debris field form into helical orbits around their star uniquely. These helixes travel around the Galaxy at 390km/s. There is no energy source between debris components; all energy is supplied by the Galaxy. Aether spheres maintain charge separation, while transporting their polluting debris matter. In this paper a spreadsheet will confirm each Planet and Moon has an independent SUN orbit. The helical 3D structure of planetary transport destroys the Newtonian concept of a 2D disk and its associated tangent as the defining planetary gravitational energy hypothesis. The 390km/s travel of the ‘Ecliptic Plane, a cross section of helical volume, transports Aether spheres in a spin pattern. The “Innate Tangential Velocity?” of all planets is a common 390km/s in a third dimension;- ‘Z’ Quoting Mathis;- ”… Physics no longer exists as mechanics, but replaced by ‘slippery maths’…”
Category: Astrophysics

[25766] viXra:1809.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 01:50:25

On the Speed of Light and Continuity of Physical Vacuum

Authors: Anatoly V. Belyakov
Comments: 3 Pages.

It is shown that the speed of light can be calculated on the basis of the velocity equation of the waves propagating along a liquid surface. This gives reason to believe that the vacuum medium, being discrete, simultaneously possesses the property of continuity, like the surface of an ideal fluid.
Category: Classical Physics

[25765] viXra:1809.0481 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 03:45:57

The Riemann Hyptothesis

Authors: Sir Michael Atiyah
Comments: 5 Pages.

The Riemann Hypothesis is a famous unsolved problem dating from 1859. This paper will present a simple proof using a radically new approach. It is based on work of von Neumann (1936), Hirzebruch (1954) and Dirac (1928).
Category: Functions and Analysis

[25764] viXra:1809.0480 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-24 03:52:23

Phase Transition-Induced Electrical Voltage

Authors: Yuanjie Huang
Comments: 14 Pages.

Non-uniform phase transitions are widespread phenomena in nature. Previous conventional investigations gave pressure and temperature dependence of phase regions and phase transitions, i.e. P-T phase diagrams. At interfaces of different phases, here we reveal an electrical potential named after Haiyan Zang potential which arises from Fermi level alterations upon phase transitions. This potential may be a key for phase transition dynamics. It can induce a strong intrinsic electric field at interfaces, and the related electrical energy may cancel interfacial energy of nucleus so that they could stably exist and grow. The induced intrinsic electric field may act as another dimension, and the conventional P-T phase diagrams should be changed to be pressure-temperature-electric field (P-T-E) phase diagrams. These findings that Haiyan Zang potential and its induced intrinsic electric field at interface may offer people new understandings on phase diagrams and phase transition dynamics.
Category: Condensed Matter

[25763] viXra:1809.0479 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 05:35:56

Proposal of Solution of the Riemann Hypothesis 2

Authors: Nicolò Rigamonti
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper we will resume and conclude the last work.
Category: Number Theory

[25762] viXra:1809.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 05:44:27

Was Mars Terraformed

Authors: Greg Orme
Comments: 103 Pages.

This consists of a chapter from my book “Why We Must Go to Mars” and two unpublished papers. It examines the hypothesis that Mars was visited billions of years ago by aliens. They terraformed Mars by a series of oblique impacts aimed at the poles, these formed volcanoes on them including Tharsis, Olympus Mons, and Elysium Mons. The volcanoes outgassed thickening the atmosphere, they also sublimated the frozen atmosphere at the poles. The polar ice was also melted, this is traced in how it formed the Martian oceans. The rise of these volcanoes, particularly Tharsis, caused an imbalance of the planet inducing polar wander. The South Pole settled for a time a few hundred kilometres west of Hellas, the three main Martian faces (Cydonia Face, King Face, and Nefertiti) were on a great circle probably defining this former equator. Many possibly artificial formations follow this old equator. When the volcanoes cooled the atmosphere and oceans froze again at the poles, this moved them to their current positions. It also caused the extinction of the hypothesized alien colony. These papers are dated but indicate how the hypotheses of polar wander explain many of the fluvial and glacial formations on Mars.
Category: Astrophysics

[25761] viXra:1809.0477 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 07:37:41

More and More Evidences for the Social Services of Sivasamy Soundararajan

Authors: Sivasamy Soundararajan
Comments: 14 Pages. NA

In this article, More and more evidences for the social services of Sivasamy Soundararajan
Category: Social Science

[25760] viXra:1809.0476 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 07:39:42

Greetings for Sivasamy Soundararajan

Authors: Somebody
Comments: 03 Pages. NA

In this brief report, three important greetings offered to SS has been posted.
Category: Social Science

[25759] viXra:1809.0475 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 07:39:54

Graphene Control of Spins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

University of Groningen physicists in collaboration with a theoretical physics group from Universität Regensburg have built an optimized bilayer graphene device that displays both long spin lifetimes and electrically controllable spin-lifetime anisotropy. [20] Researchers working at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) coupled graphene, a monolayer form of carbon, with thin layers of magnetic materials like cobalt and nickel to produce exotic behavior in electrons that could be useful for next-generation computing applications. [19]
Category: Condensed Matter

[25758] viXra:1809.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 09:08:19

Refutation of Unfalsifiable Conjectures

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: Pages.

In bivalent mathematical logic, the unfalsifiable conjecture is not contradictory, and hence tautologous to be a theorem. The theorem by definition is not contradictory, tautologous, and hence unfalsifiable. There is no distinction between the states of unfalsifiable or confirmable as opposed to falsifiable or refutable.
Category: General Mathematics

[25757] viXra:1809.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 08:31:02

Neural Networks Identify Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

The work will help to improve the sensitivity of detection for the PandaX-III neutrinoless double beta decay experiment, and deepen our knowledge of the nature of neutrinos. [45] The interactions of quarks and gluons are computed using lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD)—a computer-friendly version of the mathematical framework that describes these strong-force interactions. [44] The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. [43] In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25756] viXra:1809.0472 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 12:54:37

A Generalization of the Levi-Civita Connection

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in english

We define here a generalization of the well-know Levi-Civita connection. We choose an automorphism and define a connection with help of a (non-symmetric) bilinear form.
Category: Geometry

[25755] viXra:1809.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 15:11:02

Spin Radiation from a Rotating Dipole

Authors: Radi Khapko
Comments: 6 Pages. The paper represents an unknown physical phenomenon

When the canonical spin tensor is used, a spin is detected along the axis of rotation of a rotating electric dipole. Early this spin radiation was obtained by Feynman in the frame of quantum mechanics. The magnitude of the spin flux is half the flux of the angular momentum that is emitted by a rotating dipole, according to modern electrodynamics, and this angular momentum flux is recognized here as an orbital angular momentum. Thus, the total angular momentum flux exceeds 1.5 times the value now recognized. It is shown that the torque experienced by a rotating dipole from the field is equal in magnitude to this total angular momentum flux
Category: Classical Physics

[25754] viXra:1809.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-22 19:01:29

The Solar Group Main Equation (Part 2)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

C2= 90000 mkmm (my claim) 90000 mkm = 86400 mkm +3413 mkm +187 mkm We continue our discussion concerning the solar group main equation… The Equation tells new information: 1-The Planet Motion depends on the solar group geometrical structure and not on the gravity forces. 2-Metonic and Saros Cycles both of them originated from the same source which causes their relationship and dependency
Category: Astrophysics

[25753] viXra:1809.0466 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 05:15:32

Boundaries of Optical Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Thanks to the invention of a technique called super-resolution fluorescence microscopy, it has recently become possible to view even the smaller parts of a living cell. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[25752] viXra:1809.0465 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 07:02:17

Phase Transition in QCD

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. [43] In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino— the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25751] viXra:1809.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 08:25:58

Quantum Communication Breakthrough

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Quantum Communication Breakthrough Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39] Research in the quantum optics lab of Prof. Barak Dayan in the Weizmann Institute of Science may be bringing the development of such computers one step closer by providing the "quantum gates" that are required for communication within and between such quantum computers. [38] Calculations of a quantum system's behavior can spiral out of control when they involve more than a handful of particles. [37] Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have reached a new milestone on the way to optical computing, or the use of light instead of electricity for computing. [36] The key technical novelty of this work is the creation of semantic embeddings out of structured event data. [35] The researchers have focussed on a complex quantum property known as entanglement, which is a vital ingredient in the quest to protect sensitive data. [34] Cryptography is a science of data encryption providing its confidentiality and integrity. [33] Researchers at the University of Sheffield have solved a key puzzle in quantum physics that could help to make data transfer totally secure. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25750] viXra:1809.0463 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 09:03:01

Supercomputer QCD Simulation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 83 Pages.

The interactions of quarks and gluons are computed using lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD)—a computer-friendly version of the mathematical framework that describes these strong-force interactions. [44] The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. [43] In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25749] viXra:1809.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 09:40:43

Some More Important Evidences for the Social Services of S. Soundararajan

Authors: S. Soundararajan
Comments: 59 Pages. NA

In this articles, some more concrete evidences for the asocial services of Sivasamy Soundararajan have been elaborately given.
Category: Social Science

[25748] viXra:1809.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 07:11:47

Quantum Anomaly with Ultracold Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A FLEET study of ultracold atomic gases—a billionth the temperature of outer space— has unlocked new, fundamental quantum effects. [26] Symmetry plays a fundamental role in understanding complex quantum matter, particularly in classifying topological quantum phases, which have attracted great interests in the recent decade. [25] Four decades after it was predicted, scientist create a skyrmion, and take one step towards efficient nuclear fusion. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25747] viXra:1809.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 07:47:57

Duration of Photoelectric Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

For the first time, scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM), the Max-Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ), and the TU Wien have now measured the absolute duration of the light absorption and of the resulting photoelectron released from a solid body. [16] Scientists have developed a photoelectrode that can harvest 85 percent of visible light in a 30 nanometers-thin semiconductor layer between gold layers, converting light energy 11 times more efficiently than previous methods. [15] The tool allows engineers to design new classes of radio frequency-based components that are able to transport large amounts of data more rapidly, and with less noise interference. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25746] viXra:1809.0458 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 08:15:39

Quantum Dot Sense Changes in Another

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Researchers at Osaka University have recently developed the first device based on two self-assembled quantum dots that can measure the single-electron charge of one quantum dot using a second as a sensor. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems—donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins—just a hair above absolute zero—and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been " squeezed " to a record low. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25745] viXra:1809.0457 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 08:52:04

Electrons in Perovskite Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient.
Category: Condensed Matter

[25744] viXra:1809.0456 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 09:24:14

Fiber Optic Sensor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Researchers have developed a light-based technique for measuring very weak magnetic fields, such as those produced when neurons fire in the brain. [29] have demonstrated a 4000 kilometre fibre-optical transmission link using ultra low-noise, phase-sensitive optical amplifiers. [28] Researchers at the University of York have shown that a new quantum-based procedure for distributing secure information along communication lines could be successful in preventing serious security breaches. [27] In the new study, Bomantara and Gong have developed a method for harnessing the unique properties of time crystals for quantum computing that is based on braiding. [26] An Aalto University study has provided new evidence that time crystals can physically exist – a claim currently under hot debate. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20]
Category: Condensed Matter

[25743] viXra:1809.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 09:52:32

Dark Heat (v2)

Authors: Kadir Aydogdu
Comments: 45 Pages.

To understand the relation between heat and temperature, physicists are modeling them as radiation and average kinetic energy, however in this thesis we will explain them as heat particles in the eyes of particle physics by analyzing the energy density functions. In thesis, this heat particle becomes the energy itself and carries constant mass, conservative forces and potential energy that is dependent to the distance between particles. Moreover, we will assume that the interaction between these particles result a radiation as blackbody distributed photons, in addition, interaction of these particles with other particles that we know result kinetic and other types of potential energy exchanges as we know as photon exchange. We will start with analyzing laws and theories that we trust, then we will try to find how these heat particles behave and how they interact with each other by modeling heat inside the black body box and heat inside photons as smallest particles and we will discuss how energy density changes in vacuum. By working with many particle systems, we will assume that energy density of the vacuum is dependent to conserved potential and we will try to find some proportionality about it. After finding constants and proportionalities, we will try to predict how every physical interaction happen and we will discuss every biggest physical problem in the eyes of our theory. Finally, we will be discussing one particle physics model in which everything made from just one particle.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25742] viXra:1809.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 11:33:44

Unfalsifiable Conjectures in Mathematics

Authors: Craig Alan Feinstein
Comments: Progress in Physics, 2018 (vol. 14), issue 4, pages 213-214

It is generally accepted among scientists that an unfalsifiable theory, a theory which can never conceivably be proven false, can never have any use in science. In this paper, we shall address the question, “Can an unfalsifiable conjecture ever have any use in mathematics?”
Category: General Mathematics

[25741] viXra:1809.0452 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 11:57:41

Refutation of Smarandache Multi-Space Theory

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

The Smarandache multi-space theory (SMT) as based on a Latin square is a vector space (probabilistic) and not bivalent (exact). Therefore SMT is refuted in classical logic.
Category: General Mathematics

[25740] viXra:1809.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 15:57:05

Partial Quantum Tensors of Input and Output Connections

Authors: Andrew Dente
Comments: 10 Pages.

I show how many connections of Γ are presently existing from R to β as they are being inputted simultaneously through tensor products. I plan to address the Quantum state of this tensor connection step by step throughout the application presented. Also, I will show you how to prove that the tensor connection is true through its output method using a wide variety but small amount of tensor calculus methods and number theory. You will patently see the formations of operator functions throughout the application as these two mathematical methods work together.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25739] viXra:1809.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 16:03:08

How Gas and Force Work Together to Create Geometrical Dispersed Patterns Based On an Object's Shape

Authors: Andrew Dente
Comments: 11 Pages.

This unique mathematical method for understanding the flow of gas through each individual objects shape will show us how we can produce physical functions for each object based on the dissemination of gas particles in accordance to its shape. We analyze its continuum per shape of the object and the forces acting on the gas which in return produces its own unique function for the given object due to the rate at which forces were applied to the gas. We also get to examine the different changes in the working rate due to the effect of its volume and mass from the given objects shape with our working equation discovered through green’s and gaussian functions.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[25738] viXra:1809.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 16:53:30

A Simple Proof of Fermat Last Theorem

Authors: Juan Moreno Borrallo
Comments: 5 Pages. (Spanish version)

In this paper it is demonstrated Fermat's last theorem only using elementary methods.
Category: Number Theory

[25737] viXra:1809.0448 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 19:14:39

Clueless In Paradise

Authors: John Roach
Comments: 4 Pages.

Clueless In Paradise: Part I
Category: Education and Didactics

[25736] viXra:1809.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 02:46:46

Accurate Tool Servo Control for Precision Diamond Turning

Authors: Kenneth C. Johnson
Comments: 4 Pages.

The accuracy of precision diamond turning is limited by stage interferometers, which do not provide a direct measure of the cutting tool proximity to the workpiece or the depth of cut. When making shallow trim cuts on a previously machined part, accuracy can be greatly increased by using a proximity or depth sensor on or close to the tool for position servo control. Further improvements in both surface form and finish can be made by machining a pattern into a sacrificial layer, which is then transferred into the workpiece by a selective etch process. These techniques are particularly useful for EUV and X-ray mirrors and gratings.
Category: Classical Physics

[25735] viXra:1809.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 03:24:02

A More Exact G Gravitational Constant Value Established by Dimensional Analysis

Authors: Teodor Ognean
Comments: 8 Pages.

A more exact G gravitational constant value was established by dimensional analysis. This more exact value is equal to 6.674092281∙10^-11 m^3 kg^-1 s^-2. This result was obtained based on the values of the Planck constant, the Avogadro constant and the Boltzmann constant that will be recommended, in November 2018, by the 26th meeting of the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM). These constants will be considered, by a resolution of the CGPM, to have exact values. On the base of these exact values, the gravitational constant G is established by calculus. At the same time, the dimensional analysis presented in this article highlights very interesting aspects with respect to the mass.
Category: Classical Physics

[25734] viXra:1809.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 03:41:02

Combined Theory Of time

Authors: Suraj Deshmukh
Comments: 51 Pages. Contains illustrations.

In this theory I have represented time in a new manner, it treats time to be isolated. After the isolated consideration we merge it with space. In this document we will find a solution to grandfather paradox. We will make a mathematical approach in some other document.
Category: Classical Physics

[25733] viXra:1809.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 06:47:41

Flaw in Crooks Fluctuation Theorem

Authors: Gokaran Shukla
Comments: 14 Pages.

The existence of Crooks fluctuation theorem (even at microscopic level, in a very short time- period) is a direct threat to the second law of thermodynamics. In this paper, we will underline the flaw that exists in Crooks fluctuation theorem assumptions, and thus, we will confirm the validity of the second law of thermodynamics at any temperature, pressure, and at any scale (time, and length-scale) in nature. We will validate the Loschmidt’s paradox, and will show that no physical directional-process can be perfectly-reversible at any non-zero, finite temperature (T > 0K) and pressure (P > 0) in nature.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[25732] viXra:1809.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 07:45:27

Collected Social Services of Sivasamy Soundararajan

Authors: Sivasamy Soundararajan
Comments: 07 Pages. NA

In this brief article, the collected social services done by Soundararajan Sivasamy has been explained.
Category: Social Science

[25731] viXra:1809.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 09:36:27

Notes on the Philosophy of Physics with Errata

Authors: Henrique Lara, João Corte-Real, Regina Corte-Real
Comments: 12 Pages. I sent in times, my NOTES ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF PHYSICS. Now, I send the same Notes with the relevant Errata. I will then send you an Addendum.

The way space has been thought by physics remains an obstacle to the coherent integration between its various theories. The authors seek, with the help of a fundamental analogy, to present a new path for their complete unification.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[25730] viXra:1809.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 09:44:06

Notes on the Philosophy of Physics Addendum

Authors: Henrique Lara, João Corte-Real, Regina Corte-Real
Comments: 1 Page. feel free to exchange ideas about what the main author (H. Lara) wrote, with the support of the other authors.

The way space has been thought by physics remains an obstacle to the coherent integration between its various theories. The Authors seek, with the help of a fundamental analogy, to present a new path for their complete unification.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[25729] viXra:1809.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 09:44:00

Hunt for Leptoquarks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

These leptoquarks are proposed in theories attempting to unify the strong, weak and electromagnetic forces. [11] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines also the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25728] viXra:1809.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 10:25:03

Collision-Free Energy Transfer in Plasma

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino— the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34]
Category: Astrophysics

[25727] viXra:1809.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 10:43:44

Image Analysis with Deep Learning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25726] viXra:1809.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 12:19:11

Quantum Three-Body Problem

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Researchers at the RUDN University have developed a mathematical method to solve the quantum Coulomb three-body problem for bound states with high accuracy. [30] Ant-Man knows the quantum realm holds shocking revelations and irrational solutions. [29] A new uncertainty relation, linking the precision with which temperature can be measured and quantum mechanics, has been discovered at the University of Exeter. [28] Physicists have demonstrated that energy quantization can improve the efficiency of a single-atom heat engine to exceed the performance of its classical counterpart. [27] A solid can serve as a medium for heat and sound wave interactions just like a fluid does for thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators-resulting in leak-free machines that can stay operating longer. [26] Like watchmakers choosing superior materials to build a fine timepiece, physicists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore have singled out an atom that could allow them to build better atomic clocks. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25725] viXra:1809.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 12:48:23

Our Universe and a Dark Flow.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 2 Pages. NEW PHYSICS AND EMERGENT THEORIES.

Our confusing universe with dark flow, dark matter, dark energy and our observations from a separating speeding vehicle.
Category: Astrophysics

[25724] viXra:1809.0434 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 12:57:31

Controlling the Gravitational Mass of a Metallic Lamina, and the Gravity Acceleration Above It.

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 5 Pages.

It is proposed a very simple device for controlling the gravitational mass of a metallic lamina, and the gravity acceleration above it. These effects are obtained when a specific extra-low frequency current passes through a specially designed metallic lamina.
Category: Condensed Matter

[25723] viXra:1809.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 13:04:41

Errors in the Quantum World

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

These findings raise some fundamental questions—and they're polarising experts. [31] Researchers at the RUDN University have developed a mathematical method to solve the quantum Coulomb three-body problem for bound states with high accuracy. [30] Ant-Man knows the quantum realm holds shocking revelations and irrational solutions. [29] A new uncertainty relation, linking the precision with which temperature can be measured and quantum mechanics, has been discovered at the University of Exeter. [28] Physicists have demonstrated that energy quantization can improve the efficiency of a single-atom heat engine to exceed the performance of its classical counterpart. [27] A solid can serve as a medium for heat and sound wave interactions just like a fluid does for thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators-resulting in leak-free machines that can stay operating longer. [26] Like watchmakers choosing superior materials to build a fine timepiece, physicists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore have singled out an atom that could allow them to build better atomic clocks. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25722] viXra:1809.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 16:54:47

Refutation of Gedanken Experiment for Quantum Theory as not Descriptive of Itself, or not

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

The gedanken experiment for quantum theory as not descriptive of itself is not tautologous and not contradictory. This means quantum theory can neither describe itself nor not describe itself. This result foils the attempt to resucitate quantum theory.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25721] viXra:1809.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 18:16:46

The Theories Of The Graviton Part One: The Classical Framework of the Particle’s Nature and Mechanics

Authors: Noah MacKay, Aaron Bain
Comments: 18 Pages. Undergraduate Independent Study

Gravitons are the quantum particles of gravity that, if proven to exist, would potentially connect quantum mechanics with gravitation. This particular paper, however, mostly describes the particle’s nature and mechanics in the framework of classical physics: the same framework in which General Relativity was formulated. Although a classically-dominant perspective of gravitonic nature and mechanics, both quantum and classical physics are used to propose theorems, and to suppose two main considerations of the graviton: 1) The roles of the quantum graviton are vital in the overall nature of classical gravitation, 2) the particles contribute to the formation and potential energy of gravitational waves.
Category: Classical Physics

[25720] viXra:1809.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 23:14:27

Delayed Choice Experiment and Disconnectedness of Microscopic Space

Authors: Bowen Liu
Comments: 16 Pages.

A brand new approach in the study of quantum experiment is introduced in this paper. The theoretical model of the delayed choice experiment is divided into two parts: micro-matter process model and spatial process model. People have been focusing only on micro-matter process. We focus on the details of the M-C (micro-to-current) space channel: the correspondence from micro-events to current events, the dependence of the validity check of the correspondence on extrinsic recursion invoking itself, the jurisdiction of current space to the micro-collapse. We show that the delayed choice experiment is just a global collapse experiment, and that the carrier of the coordinate difference in the micro-spatial channel is non-local. Consequently, it negates the existence of a common coordinate-difference carrier to micro-space and current space, and negates the connectedness between micro-space and current space. The purpose of this paper is, in terms of the delayed choice experiment, to show that the roots of the counter-intuition of quantum theory is the basic topological nature of space itself (disconnectedness) that forces microscopic matter to exhibit counterintuitive and non-causal features. We show that the delayed choice experiment supports the de-philosophizing Copenhagen interpretation.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25719] viXra:1809.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:14:36

(1,N)-Arithmetic Labelling of Ladder and Subdivision of Ladder

Authors: V. Ramachandran
Comments: 8 Pages.

V.Ramachandran and C. Sekar introduced one modulo N graceful where N is any positive integer. In the case N = 2, the labelling is odd graceful and in the case N = 1 the labelling is graceful.
Category: General Mathematics

[25718] viXra:1809.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:16:30

3-Difference Cordial Labeling of Corona Related Graphs

Authors: R.Ponraj, M.Maria Adaickalam
Comments: 7 Pages.

A graph with a k-difference cordial labeling is called a k-difference cordial graph.
Category: General Mathematics

[25717] viXra:1809.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:17:43

4−Remainder Cordial Labeling of Some Graphs

Authors: R.Ponraj, K.Annathurai, R.Kala
Comments: 8 Pages.

A graph with admits a k-remainder cordial labeling is called a k-remainder cordial graph. In this paper we investigate the 4- remainder cordial behavior of grid, subdivision of crown, Subdivision of bistar, book, Jelly fish, subdivision of Jelly fish, Mongolian tent graphs.
Category: General Mathematics

[25716] viXra:1809.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:19:51

Accurate Independent Domination in Graphs

Authors: B.Basavanagoud, Sujata Timmanaikar
Comments: 10 Pages.

All graphs considered here are finite, nontrivial, undirected with no loops and multiple edges. For graph theoretic terminology we refer to Harary.
Category: General Mathematics

[25715] viXra:1809.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:20:53

A Class of Lie-admissible Algebras

Authors: Qiuhui Mo, Xiangui Zhao, Qingnian Pan
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper, we study nonassociative algebras which satisfy the following identities: (xy)z = (yx)z,x(yz) = x(zy).
Category: General Mathematics

[25714] viXra:1809.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:22:12

Adjacency Matrices of Some Directional Paths and Stars

Authors: Rajesh Kumar T.J, Mathew Varkey T.K
Comments: 7 Pages.

Graph labeling where vertices and edges are assigned values subject to certain conditions have been motivated by various applied mathematical fields. Most of the problems in graph labeling are discussed on undirected graphs. Bloom G.S. and Hsu D.F. defined the labeling on directed graphs. In this paper, we discuss the adjacency matrices of graceful digraphs such as unidirectional paths,alternating paths,many orientations of directed star and a class of directed bistar. We also discuss the adjacency matrices of unidirectional paths and alternating paths if they are odd digraceful.
Category: General Mathematics

[25713] viXra:1809.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:23:18

A Generalization on Product Degree Distance of Strong Product of Graphs

Authors: K.Pattabiraman
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this paper, the exact formulae for the generalized product degree distance, reciprocal product degree distance and product degree distance of strong product of a connected graph.
Category: General Mathematics

[25712] viXra:1809.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:24:23

A Note on Hyperstructres and Some Applications

Authors: B.O.Onasanya
Comments: 8 Pages.

In classical group theory, two elements composed yield another element. This theory, definitely, has limitations in its use in the study of atomic reactions and reproduction in organisms where two elements composed can yield more than one. In this paper, we partly give a review of some properties of hyperstructures with some examples in chemical sciences.
Category: General Mathematics

[25711] viXra:1809.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:25:31

A Note on Slant and Hemislant Submanifolds of an Para Sasakian Manifold

Authors: Barnali Laha, Arindam Bhattacharyya
Comments: 13 Pages.

Connected almost contact metric manifold was classified by S.Tanno, as those automorphism group has maximum dimension.
Category: General Mathematics

[25710] viXra:1809.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:26:30

A Study on Equitable Triple Connected Domination Number of a Graph

Authors: M. Subramanian, T. Subramanian
Comments: 13 Pages.

A graph G is said to be triple connected if any three vertices lie on a path in G. A dominating set S of a connected graph G is said to be a triple connected dominating set of G if the induced subgraph hSi is triple connected.
Category: General Mathematics

[25709] viXra:1809.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:44:12

A Study on Set-Valuations of Signed Graphs

Authors: P.K.Ashraf, K.A.Germina, N.K.Sudev
Comments: 7 Pages.

FIn this paper, we define the notion of set-valuations of signed graphs and discuss certain properties of signed graphs which admits certain types of set-valuations.
Category: General Mathematics

[25708] viXra:1809.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:45:18

Beta−Change of Finsler Metric by H-Vector and Imbedding Classes of Their Tangent Spaces

Authors: O.P.Pandey, H.S.Shukla
Comments: 14 Pages.

We have obtained that due to this change of Finsler metric, the imbedding class of their tangent Riemannian space is increased at the most by two.
Category: General Mathematics

[25707] viXra:1809.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:47:06

Clique-to-Clique Monophonic Distance in Graphs

Authors: I. Keerthi Asir, S. Athisayanathan
Comments: 17 Pages.

In 2011, Santhakumaran and Titus introduced and studied the concepts of monophonic distance in graphs.
Category: General Mathematics

[25706] viXra:1809.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:48:09

Cohen-Macaulay of Ideal I2 (G)

Authors: Abbas Alilou
Comments: 7 Pages.

A simple graph is a pair G = (V,E), where V = V (G) and E = E(G) are the sets of vertices and edges of G, respectively. A walk is an alternating sequence of vertices and connecting edges. A path is a walk that does not include any vertex twice, except that its first vertex might be the same as its last.
Category: General Mathematics

[25705] viXra:1809.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:49:00

Complexity of Linear and General Cyclic Snake Networks

Authors: E. M. Badr, B. Mohamed
Comments: 15 Pages.

In this paper we prove that the number of spanning trees of the linear and general cyclic snake networks is the same using the combinatorial approach.
Category: General Mathematics

[25704] viXra:1809.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:50:00

Cordiality in the Context of Duplication in Web and Armed Helm

Authors: U M Prajapati, R M Gajjar
Comments: 16 Pages.

We begin with simple, finite, undirected graph G = (V (G),E(G)) where V (G) and E(G) denotes the vertex set and the edge set respectively.
Category: General Mathematics

[25703] viXra:1809.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:51:06

Direct Product of Multigroups and Its Generalization

Authors: P.A. Ejegwa, A. M. Ibrahim
Comments: 18 Pages.

This paper proposes the concept of direct product of multigroups and its generalization.Some results are obtained with reference to root sets and cuts of multigroups.We prove that the direct product of multigroups is a multigroup. Finally, we introduce the notion of homomorphism and explore some of its properties in the context of direct product of multigroups and its generalization.
Category: General Mathematics

[25702] viXra:1809.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:53:25

Equal Degree Graphs of Simple Graphs

Authors: T.Chalapathi, R.V M S S Kiran Kumar
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper introduces equal degree graphs of simple existed graphs. These graphs exhibited some properties which are co-related with the older one. We characterize graphs for which their equal degree graphs are connected, completed, disconnected but not totally disconnected. We also obtain several properties of equal degree graphs and specify which graphs are isomorphic to equal degree graphs and complement of equal degree graphs. Furthermore, the relation between equal degree graphs and degree Prime graphs is determined.
Category: General Mathematics

[25701] viXra:1809.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:54:24

Equitable Coloring on Triple Star Graph Families

Authors: K.Praveena, M.Venkatachalam
Comments: 9 Pages.

An equitable k-coloring of a graph G is a proper k-coloring of G such that the sizes of any two color class differ by at most one.
Category: General Mathematics

[25700] viXra:1809.0410 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:55:12

Even Modular Edge Irregularity Strength of Graphs

Authors: K. Muthugurupackiam, S.Ramya
Comments: 8 Pages.

A new graph characteristic, even modular edge irregularity strength of graphs is introduced. Estimation on this parameter is obtained and the precise values of this parameter are obtained for some families of graphs.
Category: General Mathematics

[25699] viXra:1809.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:56:02

Extended Quasi Conformal Curvature Tensor on N(k)-Contact Metric Manifold

Authors: Venkatesha, H.Aruna Kumara, R.T.Naveen Kumar
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this paper certain results on N(k)-contact metric manifold endowed with a extended quasi conformal curvature tensor are formulated.
Category: General Mathematics

[25698] viXra:1809.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:56:57

Finslerian Hypersurfaces and Quartic Change of Finsler Metric

Authors: Gauree Shanker, Ramdayal Singh Kushwaha
Comments: 7 Pages.

In the present paper we have studied the Finslerian hypersurfaces and quartic change of a Finsler metric. The relationship with Finslerian hypersurface and the other which is finslerian hypersurface given by quartic change have been obtained. We have also proved that quartic change makes three type of hyper surfaces invarient under certain condition. These three type of hyper surfaces are hyperplanes of first, second, and third kind.
Category: General Mathematics

[25697] viXra:1809.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:57:40

Graph Operations on Zero-Divisor Graph of Posets

Authors: N.Hosseinzadeh
Comments: 5 Pages.

We know that some large graphs can be constructed from some smaller graphs by using graphs operations. Many properties of such large graphs are closely related to those of the corresponding smaller ones. In this paper we investigate some operations of zero-divisor graph of posets.
Category: General Mathematics

[25696] viXra:1809.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:58:42

Hilbert Flow Spaces with Operators over Topological Graphs

Authors: Linfan MAO
Comments: 27 Pages.

The main purpose of this paper is to extend Banach or Hilbert spaces to Banach or Hilbert continuity flow spaces over topological graphs and establish differentials on continuity flows for characterizing their globally change rate.
Category: General Mathematics

[25695] viXra:1809.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 00:59:46

Homology of a Type of Octahedron

Authors: Shouvik Datta Choudhury, Santu Dey, Arindam Bhattacharyya
Comments: 7 Pages.

Homology classes were first defined rigorously by Henri Poincar´e in his seminal paper “Analysis situs” in 1895 referring to the work of Riemann,Betti and von Dyck. The homology group was further developed by Emmy Noether and, independently, by Leopold Vietoris and Walther Mayer in the period 1925-28.
Category: General Mathematics

[25694] viXra:1809.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:13:42

Intrinsic Geometry of the Special Equations in Galilean 3−Space G3

Authors: Handan Oztekin, Sezin Aykurt Sepet
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this study, we investigate a general intrinsic geometry in 3-dimensional Galilean space G3. Then, we obtain some special equations by using intrinsic derivatives of orthonormal triad in G3.
Category: General Mathematics

[25693] viXra:1809.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:14:34

Linear Cyclic Snakes as Super Vertex Mean Graphs

Authors: A. Lourdusamy, Sherry George
Comments: 18 Pages.

The graphs considered here will be finite, undirected and simple. The symbols V(G) and E(G) will denote the vertex set and edge set of a graph G respectively. p and q denote the number of vertices and edges of G respectively.
Category: General Mathematics

[25692] viXra:1809.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:15:42

Linfan Mao PhD Won the Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award

Authors: W.Barbara
Comments: 3 Pages.

The president of Academy of Mathematical Combinatorics with Applications (AMCA), Linfan Mao PhD won the Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award and has been endorsed by Marquis Who’s Who as a leader in the fields of mathematics and engineering, which was acknowledged by the notification of Marquis Who’s Who to Dr.Mao in June 26, 2017 and then the released in September 30, 2017.
Category: General Mathematics

[25691] viXra:1809.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:16:53

Minimum Dominating Color Energy of a Graph

Authors: P.Siva Kota Reddy, K.N.Prakasha, Gavirangaiah K.
Comments: 10 Pages.

The concept of graph energy originates from chemistry to estimate the total π-electron energy of a molecule. In chemistry the conjugated hydrocarbons can be represented by a graph called molecular graph.
Category: General Mathematics

[25690] viXra:1809.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:18:58

Minimum Equitable Dominating Randi´c Energy of a Graph

Authors: Rajendra P., R.Rangarajan
Comments: 10 Pages.

Let G be a graph with vertex set V (G).
Category: General Mathematics

[25689] viXra:1809.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:19:51

Minimum Equitable Dominating Randic Energy of a Graph

Authors: P.Siva Kota Reddy, K.N.Prakasha, Gavirangaiah K.
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the minimum equitable dominating Randic energy of a graph and computed the minimum dominating Randic energy of graph. Also, established the upper and lower bounds for the minimum equitable dominating Randic energy of a graph.
Category: General Mathematics

[25688] viXra:1809.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:20:56

Motion Planning in Certain Lexicographic Product Graphs

Authors: A. D Akwu, O. Oyewumi
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this article, we give the minimum number of moves required for the motion planning problem in Lexicographic products of some graphs. In addition,we proved the necessary and sufficient condition for the connectivity of the lexicographic product of two graphs.
Category: General Mathematics

[25687] viXra:1809.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:30:34

Nonholonomic Frames for Finsler Space with Deformed Special (α, β) Metric

Authors: Brijesh Kumar Tripathi
Comments: 7 Pages.

The purpose of present paper to determine the Finsler spaces due to deformation of special Finsler (α, β) metrics.
Category: General Mathematics

[25686] viXra:1809.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:31:42

On R-Dynamic Coloring of the Triple Star Graph Families

Authors: T.Deepa, M. Venkatachalam
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper we investigate the r-dynamic chromatic number of the central graph, middle graph, total graph and line graph of the triple star graph.
Category: General Mathematics

[25685] viXra:1809.0395 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:33:23

On ((r1, R2),m, (C1, C2))-Regular Intuitionistic Fuzzy Graphs

Authors: N.R.Santhi Maheswari, C. Sekar
Comments: 12 Pages.

In 1965, Lofti A. Zadeh introduced the concept of fuzzy subset of a set as method of representing the phenomena of uncertainty in real life situation. K.T.Attanassov introduced the concept of intuitionistic fuzzy sets as a generalization of fuzzy sets. K.T.Atanassov added a new component( which determines the degree of non-membership) in the definition of fuzzy set.
Category: General Mathematics

[25684] viXra:1809.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:34:18

On Terminal Hosoya Polynomial of Some Thorn Graphs

Authors: Harishchandra S.Ramane, Gouramma A.Gudodagi, Raju B.Jummannaver
Comments: 24 Pages.

In this paper we obtain the terminal Hosoya polynomial for caterpillers, thorn stars and thorn rings. These results generalizes the existing results.
Category: General Mathematics

[25683] viXra:1809.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:35:35

On the Distance Eccentricity Zagreb Indeices of Graphs

Authors: Akram Alqesmah, Anwar Alwardi, R. Rangarajan
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the first and second distance eccentricity Zagreb indices of a connected graph G as the sum of the squares of the distance eccentricity degrees of the vertices, and the sum of the products of the distance eccentricity degrees of pairs of adjacent vertices, respectively. Exact values for some families of graphs and graph operations are obtained.
Category: General Mathematics

[25682] viXra:1809.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:37:13

On the Leap Zagreb Indices of Generalized Xyz-Point-Line Transformation Graphs T

Authors: B. Basavanagoud, Chitra E.
Comments: 23 Pages.

For a graph G, the first, second and third leap Zagreb indices are the sum of squares of 2-distance degree of vertices of G; the sum of product of 2-distance degree of end vertices of edges in G and the sum of product of 1-distance degree and 2-distance degrees of vertices of G, respectively.
Category: General Mathematics

[25681] viXra:1809.0391 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:39:05

On the Tangent Vector Fields of Striction Curves Along the Involute and Bertrandian Frenet Ruled Surfaces

Authors: Seyda Kılıcoglu, Suleyman Senyurt, Abdussamet Calıskan
Comments: 11 Pages.

We give the striction curves of all Frenet ruled surfaces. Then the striction curves of involute and Bertrandian Frenet ruled surfaces are given in terms of the Frenet apparatus of the curve alpha.
Category: General Mathematics

[25680] viXra:1809.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:40:08

Operations of N-Wheel Graph Via Topological Indices

Authors: V. Lokesha, T. Deepika
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, we discussed the Topological indices viz., Wiener, Harmonic, Geometric-Arithmetic(GA), first and second Zagreb indices of n-wheel graphs with bridges using operator techniques.
Category: General Mathematics

[25679] viXra:1809.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:40:57

Papers Published in IJMC, 2017

Authors: F. Smarandache
Comments: 3 Pages.

Papers Published in IJMC, 2017
Category: General Mathematics

[25678] viXra:1809.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:41:46

Path Related n-Cap Cordial Graphs

Authors: A. Nellai Murugan, P. Iyadurai Selvaraj
Comments: 6 Pages.

A graph G is a finite non-empty set of objects called vertices together with a set of unordered pairs of distinct vertices of G which is called edges.
Category: General Mathematics

[25677] viXra:1809.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:42:43

Primeness of Supersubdivision of Some Graphs

Authors: Ujwala Deshmukh, Smita A. Bhatavadekar
Comments: 6 Pages.

The graph that admits a prime labeling is said to be prime. G. Sethuraman has introduced concept of supersubdivision of a graph. In the light of this concept, we have proved that supersubdivision by K2,2 of star, cycle and ladder are prime.
Category: General Mathematics

[25676] viXra:1809.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:43:44

Ricci Soliton and Conformal Ricci Soliton in Lorentzian Beta-Kenmotsu Manifold

Authors: Tamalika Dutta, Arindam Bhattacharyya
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this paper we have studied quasi conformal curvature tensor, Ricci tensor, projective curvature tensor, pseudo projective curvature tensor in Lorentzian Beta-Kenmotsu manifold admitting Ricci soliton and conformal Ricci soliton.
Category: General Mathematics

[25675] viXra:1809.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:44:39

Semifull Line (Block) Signed Graphs

Authors: V. Lokesha, P. S. Hemavathi, S. Vijay
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper we introduced the new notions semifull signed graph and semifull line (block) signed graph of a signed graph and its properties are obtained. Also, we obtained the structural characterizations of these notions. Further, we presented some switching equivalent characterizations.
Category: General Mathematics

[25674] viXra:1809.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:45:32

Slant Submanifolds of a Conformal (K, μ)-Contact Manifold

Authors: Siddesha M.S., Bagewadi C.S.
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this paper, we study the geometry of slant submanifolds of conformal (k, μ)-contact manifold when the tensor field Q is parallel. Further, we give a necessary and sufficient condition for a 3-dimensional slant submanifold of a 5-dimensional conformal (k, μ)-contact manifold to be a proper slant submanifold.
Category: General Mathematics

[25673] viXra:1809.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:47:03

Smarandache Curves of Curves lying on Lightlike Cone in R31

Authors: Tanju Kahraman, Hasan Huseyin Ugurlu
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, we consider the notion of the Smarandache curves by considering the asymptotic orthonormal frames of curves lying fully on lightlike cone in Minkowski 3-space R31.
Category: General Mathematics

[25672] viXra:1809.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:47:55

Some Fixed Point Results for Contractive Type Conditions in Cone B-Metric Spaces and Applications

Authors: G.S.Saluja
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper, we establish some fixed point results for contractive type conditions in the framework of complete cone b-metric spaces and give some applications of our results. The results presented in this paper generalize, extend and unify several well-known comparable results in the existing literature.
Category: General Mathematics

[25671] viXra:1809.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:49:15

Some Lower and Upper Bounds on the Third ABC Co-index

Authors: Deepak S. Revankar, Priyanka S. Hande, Satish P. Hande, Vijay Teli
Comments: 7 Pages.

The topological indices plays vital role in chemistry, pharmacology etc [1]. Let G = (V,E) be a simple connected graph with vertex set.
Category: General Mathematics

[25670] viXra:1809.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:50:09

Some New Families of 4-Prime Cordial Graphs

Authors: R.Ponraj, K.Annathurai, R.Kala
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this paper we investigate 4-prime cordial labeling behavior of shadow graph of a path, cycle, star, degree splitting graph of a bistar, jelly fish, splitting graph of a path and star.
Category: General Mathematics

[25669] viXra:1809.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:51:08

Some Parameters of Domination on the Neighborhood Graph

Authors: M. H. Akhbari, F. Movahedi, S. V. R. Kulli
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this paper, we obtain the domination number, the total domination number and the independent domination number in the neighborhood graph. We also investigate these parameters of domination on the join and the corona of two neighborhood graphs.
Category: General Mathematics

[25668] viXra:1809.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:52:17

Some Properties of Conformal Beta-Change

Authors: H.S.Shukla, Neelam Mishra
Comments: 11 Pages.

We have studied quasi-C-reducibility, C-reducibility and semi-C-reducibility of the Finsler space with this metric. We have also calculated V-curvature tensor and T-tensor of the space with this changed metric in terms of v-curvature tensor and T-tensor respectively of the space with the original metric.
Category: General Mathematics

[25667] viXra:1809.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:53:01

Strong Domination Number of Some Cycle Related Graphs

Authors: Samir K. Vaidya, Raksha N. Mehta
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper we explore the concept of strong domination number and investigate strong domination number of some cycle related graphs.
Category: General Mathematics

[25666] viXra:1809.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:54:14

The Examination of Eigenvalues and Eigenfunctions of the Sturm-Liouville Fuzzy Problem According to Boundary Conditions

Authors: Hulya GULTEKINCITIL, Nihat ALTINISIK
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this paper, the eigenvalues and the eigenfunctions of the homogeneous fuzzy Sturm-Liouville problem are examined under the three different situations according to the boundary conditions. This examination is studied under the approach of Hukuhara differ- entiability. The examples are given for this situations.
Category: General Mathematics

[25665] viXra:1809.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 01:55:07

The K-Distance Degree Index of Corona, Neighborhood Corona Products and Join of Graphs

Authors: Ahmed M. Naji, Soner Nandappa D
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this paper, we consider only simple graph G = (V,E), i.e., finite, having no loops no multiple and directed edges. A graph G is said to be connected if there is a path between every pair of its vertices.
Category: General Mathematics

[25664] viXra:1809.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 02:13:47

One Way Speed Of Light Based on Wineland's Laser Cooling Experiment

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 2 Pages.

Based on David Wineland's experiment in 1978, a laser beam points at an electromagnetcally trapped magnesium ion. The frequency of the laser light in the rest frame of the laser becomes a different frequency in the rest frame of the ion. If this new frequency matches the absorption frequency of the ion, the light will be absorbed by the ion. The wavelength is independent of reference frame. Therefore, the faster the ion moves toward the laser, the higher the frequency detected by the ion will be.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25663] viXra:1809.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 02:23:32

Lunar Capture Theory from the Point of Vortical Celestial Mechanics

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 2 Pages.

Attraction of two planetary vortices of different spins allow lunar capture to proceed less dramatic.
Category: Classical Physics

[25662] viXra:1809.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-20 03:08:59

A Wrong Formula of Fizeau

Authors: Emil Gigov
Comments: 1 Page.

The experiment of Fizeau has nothing to do with the theory of relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25661] viXra:1809.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 06:39:38

Nuclear Pasta in Neutron Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Nuclear pasta is incredibly dense, about 100 trillion times the density of water. It’s impossible to study such an extreme material in the laboratory, says physicist Constança Providência of the University of Coimbra in Portugal who was not involved with the research. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23] Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22] When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14]
Category: Astrophysics

[25660] viXra:1809.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 06:56:06

DNA Replication Detangling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

DNA is a lengthy molecule—approximately 1,000-fold longer than the cell in which it resides—so it can't be jammed in haphazardly. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Physics of Biology

[25659] viXra:1809.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 07:14:42

Organic Network Structure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

An international team of researchers affiliated with UNIST has introduced an exciting new organic network structure that shows pure organic ferromagnetism from pure p-TCNQ without any metal contamination at room temperature. [20] DNA is a lengthy molecule—approximately 1,000-fold longer than the cell in which it resides—so it can't be jammed in haphazardly. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[25658] viXra:1809.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 07:27:34

Microbes Move Through Human Body

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Surf's up for microbes swimming beside red blood cells. [21] An international team of researchers affiliated with UNIST has introduced an exciting new organic network structure that shows pure organic ferromagnetism from pure p-TCNQ without any metal contamination at room temperature. [20] DNA is a lengthy molecule—approximately 1,000-fold longer than the cell in which it resides—so it can't be jammed in haphazardly. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14]
Category: Physics of Biology

[25657] viXra:1809.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 07:38:16

Superconductor Synapse

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

At the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a group, led by Jimmy Williams, is working to develop new circuitry that could host such exotic states. [34] The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25656] viXra:1809.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 08:41:11

The World Lines of a Dust Collapsar

Authors: Trevor W. Marshall
Comments: 12 Pages.

In a previous article it was shown that the end state for the dust metric of Oppenheimer and Snyder has most of its mass concentrated just inside the gravitational radius; it is proposed that the resulting object be considered as an idealized shell collapsar. Here the treatment is extended to include the family of interior metrics described by Choquet-Bruhat. The end state is again a shell collapsar, and its structure depends on the density pro…le at the beginning of the collapse. What is lacking in most previous commentaries on the Oppenheimer- Snyder article is the recognition that Oppenheimer and Snyder matched the time coordinate at the surface, and that implies a …nite upper limit for the comoving time coordinate inside the collapsar. A collapse process having all the matter going inside the gravitational radius would require comoving times which go outside that upper limit.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25655] viXra:1809.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 09:55:34

Physical Quantity Mass a Scalar or a Vector? Mass Virtual and Real

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The scalar or vector sense of physical quantity of mass is considered
Category: Classical Physics

[25654] viXra:1809.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 11:24:53

Idealistic Neural Networks

Authors: Tofara Moyo
Comments: 3 Pages.

I describe an Artificial Neural Network, where we have mapped words to individual neurons instead of having them as variables to be fed into a network. The process of changing training cases will be equivalent to a Dropout procedure where we replace some (or all) of the words/neurons in the previous training case with new ones. Each neuron/word then takes in as input, all the b weights of the other neurons, and weights them all with its personal a weight. To learn this network uses the backpropagation algorithm after calculating an error from the output of an output neuron that will be a traditional neuron. This network then has a unique topology and functions with no inputs. We will use coordinate gradient decent to learn where we alternate between training the a weights of the words and the b weights. The Idealistic Neural Network, is an extremely shallow network that can represent non-linearity complexity in a linear outfit.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25653] viXra:1809.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 15:52:28

Origin of Universe, Theory of Everything and the Origin of Consciousness: Concepts of Existence Are Inherently Philosophically, Scientifically and Metaphysically Incomplete. HAWKING’S and GODEL’S Incompleteness.

Authors: Abed Peerally
Comments: 24 Pages. The eighth paper under theory of everything.

The series of nine articles by the author (vixra Peerally archives), of which this article is the sixth about the Theory of Everything, are meant to highlight that our currentscientific culture could soon have dramatic new openings, that will trigger science towards a far more productive potential than is generally believed. Hawking in his various writings harboured both optimism and pessimism about the Theory of Everything and the future of fundamental physics and mathematics, and a particularly thoughtful one is "Gödel and the end of physics". He was generally right in those view, for there is nothing in science and philosophy that will ever be proved to be final. The reason is that existence and the universe arose from precursors that cannot be seen to be final in terms of their physics and philosophy. In any case Hawking’s feeling is that Gödel’s theorem indicates that there is incompleteness is any concept, for example, Hawking said: “One can have a well-defined position, or a well-defined velocity, but not both.”…“This would seem to make complete determinism impossible. If one can't accurately define both the positions, and the velocities, of particles at one time, how can one predict what they will be in the future.” It is not quite why the behaviour should be an example for the whole of physics, but what he says makes sense. In p 2 come. The author’s publications, in addition, are his two posters about consciousness (Tucson Consciousness Conferences, 2016,2017) and two books that discuss the Theory of Everything and consciousness, for the issue of consciousness is a corner stone of existence. The objective of the author’s publications is to demonstrate that the various facets of the universe are capable of being encapsulated within a single philosophical and physical concept, the Ultimate Theory of Everything that agrees with Hawking’s later view that natural phenomena and existence fundamentally imply the property of incompletenesss. This final concept of existence is coming at the right time, in view of the wide range of mixed feelings on the scientific dreams of a final theory of existence. As the eminent physicist Steven Weinberg said, in his Dreams of a Final Theory, a really wonderful book to read: “We are on the track of something universalsomething that governs physical phenomena throughout the universesomething that we call the laws of nature. We do not want to discover a theory that is capable of describing all imaginable kinds of force among the particles of nature. Rather, we hope for a theory that rigidly will allow us to describe only those forces-gravitational, electroweak, and strong-that actually as it happens do exist. This kind of rigidity in our physical theories is part of what we recognise as beauty.”….. “As Abdus Salam has said, it is not particles or forces with which nature is sparing, but principles. The important thing is to have a set of simple and economical principles that explain why the particles are what they are. It is disturbing that we no not yet have a complete theory of the sort we want. But, when we do, it will not matter very much how many kinds of consequence of simple principles.” Weinberg then remarked “The creation of new physical principles is agony and apparently cannot be taught.” In fact, the Ultimate Theory of Everything will squarely meet Weinberg’s prescription, and will also widely opine about a large range of aspects of the universe and existence. Weinberg’s remark does however illustrate to what extent intellectual pursuits can be challenging, and Einstein did go through precisely this kind of agony, for he unsuccessfully devoted the last three decades of his life to the search of a theory that would unify gravitation and the electromagnetic force, a search which has not been pursued by other physicists. The truth is that the solution of the mystery of gravitation in relation to the electromagnetic force is very elusive and requires the Theory 3 of Everything to elucidate. However, this ultimate concept has been, in the scientific literature, well regarded as a near impossible ambition of science. Seeing where we are in cosmology, there is an urgency for it, as, if there such a concept, it would have a universal impact on how we view the universe and our existence, as realistically as possible. The fact we were unable to work out a theory of everything in the last decades of scientific and philosophical studies, more than a century after the Golden Age of Physics, is ample support of the view that finding the theory of everything is a tough proposition. Even though it was not forthcoming, it does look like that without the Theory of Everything, the impact of practically every aspect of life would feel this lacuna. Potentially the Theory of Everything is capable of guiding us on views of nature which appear to readers either as science fiction or just lacking in credibility. To some groups of physicists, despite the thoroughly organised and extraordinary nature of our universe, it does not strike them that we are a supernatural creation and, in fact, some of them go to the extreme of spending decades on natural theories of the origin of existence, based on mathematical concepts, instead of the attempting to figure out how to integrate the ultimate philosophy with the ultimate physics of existence. They cannot be blamed, though. This is simply because the creation process, for reasons that the Theory of Everything will make clear, could not, even slightly, have made the universe other than what the physics of everything integrated with the philosophy of everything tells us. The final concept of existence and the basic nature of existence have to correspond, and such a concept does exist. Kepler and Whewell soundly predicted that humans do have some of the mind of the Supernatural Power that created the universe, and that we would in due course discover how and why the universe was conceived, as far as possible. The Supernatural Creator of the universe must be perfectly and infinitely positive and constructive,such that the nature of any material creation has necessarily to be infinitely inferior to Supernatural Power, which is why it cannot be totally evil free. This is because infinite power goes with absolute perfection. This remark is a profoundly balanced remark, and can be, nevertheless, very elusive even to some very great minds. When we reflect deeply about the universe and existence, we cannot avoid this view. The nature of our realities is both down to earth and partly supernatural, ultimately, and so it certainly cannot be perfect, thus signifying we are a 4 combination of positive and negative influences. No concepts of the natural origin of universes, in most cases based on mathematical models, could ever figure out, scientifically, how our extraordinarily complex universe popped into existence, 13.8 billion years ago, under any kind of philosophical and scientific circumstances. That is totally ruled out, except in fiction. In other words, the actual manner our universe was created imperatively requires a theory that combines the philosophy of existence with the physics of existence, as the author’s two books explain in great details. These two books need to be carefully read and understood to see the marvels in the concept of the creation of the universe.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25652] viXra:1809.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 17:46:55

On the Impossibility of a Yang-Mills Finite Mass Gap in the Flat Spacetime

Authors: Victor Paromov
Comments: 1 Page. n/a

No Abstract
Category: Quantum Physics

[25651] viXra:1809.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 06:28:28

Lord Nataraja's Yantra

Authors: Maheshwari Tandon
Comments: 2 Pages. NA

This is the world's NUMBER ONE yantra/Chakra.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[25650] viXra:1809.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 07:52:20

Magnetic Cooling Cycle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

As a result of climate change, population growth, and rising expectations regarding quality of life, energy requirements for cooling processes are growing much faster worldwide than for heating. [22] Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon—the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy—in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15] Pioneering research offers a fascinating view into the inner workings of the mind of 'Maxwell's Demon', a famous thought experiment in physics. [14] For more than a century and a half of physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy always increases, has been as close to inviolable as any law we know. In this universe, chaos reigns supreme. [13] Physicists have shown that the three main types of engines (four-stroke, twostroke, and continuous) are thermodynamically equivalent in a certain quantum regime, but not at the classical level. [12]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[25649] viXra:1809.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 10:14:58

Supersymmetric Preons II: Dynamic SUSY Breaking

Authors: Risto Raitio
Comments: 8 Pages.

The supersymmetric preon model [1] is based on simplest possible superfields of which the standard model can be constructed. The preon model offers a natural framework for supersymmetry breaking mediated dynamically by gravity. The SUSY breaking interaction Lagrangian contains supersymmetric preon, aka. `hidden' and visible sector MSSM fields. The low energy limit of the preon model is proposed to be the standard model with broken supersymmetry.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25648] viXra:1809.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 11:35:22

Symmetry Breaking Between Fundamental Forces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A fraction of a second after the Big Bang, a single unified force may have shattered. Scientists from the CDF and DZero Collaborations used data from the Fermilab Tevatron Collider to recreate the early universe conditions. [28] Now researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have helped to better understand the first minutes of the universe: They collected artificially produced beryllium-7 and made it into a sample that could be investigated. [27] Researchers have developed a new way to improve our knowledge of the Big Bang by measuring radiation from its afterglow, called the cosmic microwave background radiation. [26] The group's results reinforce a disagreement over the value of the Hubble constant as measured directly and as calculated via observations of primordial radiation – a disparity, say the researchers, which likely points to new physics. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[25647] viXra:1809.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 12:53:02

Machine Learning Human Cell

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Scientists at the Allen Institute have used machine learning to train computers to see parts of the cell the human eye cannot easily distinguish. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25646] viXra:1809.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:10:08

Theory of Electron in Uniform Magnetic Field Inside Cathode Ray Tube and Possible Prediction of New Particles

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 5 Pages.

This Paper essentially focuses on the weird new form of mathematical equation that absolutely shows justification of an electron in uniform magnetic field. This paper also shows the alternate method to calculate electron’s charge to mass ratio. This note also makes possible speculations about the two new elementary particles. This work however also describes the very early brilliant experimental observations of Sir Thomson in Cambridge, England and its impact on this modern theoretical study. The main attractive part is the general prediction which needs to be vindicated by experiments.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25645] viXra:1809.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:15:52

On the Kinetic Formulation of Gases

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 4 Pages.

The extensive studies on thermal properties of matter especially in gases, shows the new possible direction and therefore to initiate the new stream in theoretical physics. The subject discussed in this context is somehow important in this field; the paper shows an equation of gases which is enclosed in a metallic container under suitable conditions. The equation which will be described here is valid for the rigorous choice that we have considered to derive it.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[25644] viXra:1809.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:17:17

AI can Tell if Restaurant Review Fake

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers find AI-generated reviews and comments pose a significant threat to consumers, but machine learning can help detect the fakes. [28] Following the old saying that "knowledge is power", companies are seeking to infer increasingly intimate properties about their customers as a way to gain an edge over their competitors. [27] Researchers from Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI) have published a study in which individual faces and other physical traits were predicted using whole genome sequencing data and machine learning. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25643] viXra:1809.0353 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:19:38

Dynamical Pattern of Elementary Particles

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 8 Pages.

This purpose of this present paper is to present the simple idea to introduce a mathematical model to predict some possible particles (and may be its systems) that might exist beyond standard model of particle physics. The idea that is discussed in this present note must somehow* be the particle does not belong to fermions or bosons but more exotic. This paper is purely theoretical which gives hypothetical flavor of particles that possibly claims to exist in nature, based on the weird but interesting mathematical sketch. This note has been done by keeping one sentences in mind that the existing particles can reveal the zoo of other unknown particles.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25642] viXra:1809.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:36:38

Protein Insight into the Brain

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

These will then produce the proteins themselves, without the cell functions being disturbed: cells, structures or their activities thus become visible under the microscope. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[25641] viXra:1809.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 17:16:10

The Cordiality for the Conjunction of Two Paths

Authors: S.I. Nada, A. Elrokh, R. Hamza
Comments: 16 pages

Abstract A graph is called cordial if it has a 0 - 1 labeling such that the number of vertices (edges) labeled with ones and zeros dier by at most one. The conjunction of two graphs (V1;E1) and (V2;E2) is the graph G = (V;E), where V = V1 x V2 and u = (a1; a2), v = (b1; b2) are two vertices, then uv belongs to E if aibi belongs to Ei for i = 1 or 2. In this paper, we present necessary and sucient condition for cordial labeling for the conjunction of two paths, denoted by Pn ^ Pm. Also, we drive an algorithm to generate cordial labeling for the conjunction Pn ^ Pm.
Category: Number Theory

[25640] viXra:1809.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 23:23:42

In Search of Schrödinger’s Electron

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 8 Pages.

This article continues to explore a possible physical interpretation of the wavefunction that has been elaborated in previous papers (see http://vixra.org/author/jean_louis_van_belle). It basically zooms in on the physical model it implies for an electron in free space. It concludes that the mainstream interpretation of quantum physics (the Copenhagen interpretation) is and remains the most parsimonious explanation, but that one or two extra assumptions – the wavefunction as a two-dimensional self-sustaining oscillation of a pointlike charge in space – make more frivolous explanations (many-worlds, pilot-wave, etc.) redundant.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25639] viXra:1809.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 02:44:35

Simulation of Nontribial Point of Riemann Zeta Function  Ver.3

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 5 Pages.

Tried to simulate the nontribial point of the Riemann zeta function. At the beginning, we tried to be exactly the same value as the nontribial point of the Riemann Zeta function only with the degree of increase of the circle going up like wrapping x = 0.5, but the degree of increase varies from moment to moment extremely difficult It was judged impossible. Then we created an expression that can take approximate values, but always take lower values than the nontribial zeros of the Riemann zeta function except for the initial values. However, by increasing the degree of increase of the circle going up like winding x = 0.5, it became possible to take a value which can be said to be an approximate value. The degree of increase in yen was based on the formula of the nuclear energy value of uranium. Since the degree of increase of the zero point changes from moment to moment, satisfactory approximate values can not be obtained yet.
Category: Geometry

[25638] viXra:1809.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 06:16:43

The Evolution of Star Habitable Zones

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

It was discovered that planets are older, evolving stars. This means the Circumstellar Habitable Zone collapses and/or shrinks into the star itself, thus evolves as the star evolves. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[25637] viXra:1809.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 06:16:36

Hydrogen-Rich Superconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25636] viXra:1809.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 06:28:14

Un Inconsistency Between Light Speed Invariance and Causal Relations

Authors: Luk Rossey
Comments: 7 Pages.

If the speed of light is independent of the movement of its source, then it should make no difference at all when clocks are synchronized using light sources at rest or moving ones. It seems it does. When clocks are synchronized in two reference frames, moving relatively to one another, the causal relations between two particular events will depend on whether sources at rest or moving ones have been used. This inconsistency will appear solid evidence that the speed of light can never be invariant.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25635] viXra:1809.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 06:34:32

Graphene Electronics Superfast

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz " could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates, " Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25634] viXra:1809.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 07:00:28

Proofs for Sivasamy Soundararajan's Social Services

Authors: Sivasamy Soundararajan
Comments: 18 Pages. na

In this work, the proofs for social services have been explained
Category: Education and Didactics

[25633] viXra:1809.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 08:31:39

Genealogy and the Vedic Timescale

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 12 Pages.

Vedic timescales are explored. Manvantaras correspond to DNA Haplogroups.
Category: Social Science

[25632] viXra:1809.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 11:10:33

Goldbach Pereyra Theorem

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra
Comments: 8 Pages. Copyright 2007

In the present work is demonstrate that the so called Goldbach conjecture from 1742 -- “All positive even numbers greater than two can be expressed as a sum of two primes” – due to Leonhard Euler, is a true statement. This result is partially based on the Wilson theorem, and complementary on our reasoning to cast the problem into a diophantine equation. The latter is the master equation for the conjectures proof.
Category: Number Theory

[25631] viXra:1809.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 13:40:39

A Fast Factoring Algorithm

Authors: Paco Derek Tucker
Comments: 1 Page.

A simple and fast factoring algorithm that requires only copy paste, the modular operation, and paired additive partitions of the number.
Category: Number Theory

[25630] viXra:1809.0337 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 20:12:27

Experimental Verification of Wave Packet Collapse Using Fourth-Order Interference

Authors: Kazufumi Sakai
Comments: 8 Pages. Journal for Foundations and Applications of Physics, vol. 5, No. 2 (2018) 221-224

The concept of wave packet collapse is the most interesting and difficult to understand assumption of quantum mechanics and it remains an unresolved issue. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully examine its principle and process experimentally. We fabricated a new fourth-order interference apparatus capable of verifying the collapse of a wave packet. Contrary to expectation, a “collapse” was not observed in our experiment.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25629] viXra:1809.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 23:01:22

The Problem of Identity of Scalar Models of Gravity and Elasticity.

Authors: Oleg Tcherepanov
Comments: 23 Pages.

Using the principle of virtual scale, it was possible to obtain new solutions to a number of problems of mechanics as the first section of General physics. The identical transformation of the known rules and laws of classical science modifies the formulas into scalar structures of six special numbers. The context of the proposed theory consists of non-standard Metrology, scalar mechanics and physics without artifacts. They can be found in the published monographs ISBN 978-3-659-60213-9, ISBN 978-3-659-74415-9 and articles vixra: 1503.0037, vixra: 1807.0458, vixra: 1808.0182, vixra: 1808.0631.
Category: Classical Physics

[25628] viXra:1809.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 23:17:01

Gravito-Electromagnetism Derived Mathematically from Newton’s Law Electromagnetism/gravito-Electromagnetism Duality

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 10 Pages. Mathematically derive Maxwell-type gravity-electromagnetism which can be easily quantized

In this article, we utilize the mathematic approach, which has been utilized to re-derive Maxwell equation mathematically from the Gauss/Coulomb’s law, to demonstrate that, by applying Newton’s law, the magnetic-type gravitational field exists mathematically. Namely, since a stationary gravitational charge satisfies Newton’s law, its motion generates inevitably an axial gravito-magnetic field and an axial gravito-electric field; call Gravito-electromagnetism. This mathematical derivation proves the famous sentence, “The world is built mathematically”. The so derived Electromagnetism and Gravito-electromagnetism disclose mathematically an intrinsic duality between electromagnetic force and gravitational force, which are the only two long-range forces in the Nature. The Electromagnetism/Gravito-electromagnetism duality can serves as the base for the advanced dualities between the two and for the unification of the two.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[25627] viXra:1809.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 01:43:50

Word Hearth Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Probable origin of this Russian word
Category: Linguistics

[25626] viXra:1809.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 01:48:19

Etymology of Pronouns

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 15 Pages. -

Pronouns appear at an early stage of creation of language when still there are no names of the objects interesting us
Category: Linguistics

[25625] viXra:1809.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 01:54:11

Probable Etymology of the Word Oud

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

The Russian word OUD designates the certain butter possessing a special smell or aroma.
Category: Linguistics

[25624] viXra:1809.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 02:06:17

Probable Etymology of the Word Brain

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 9 Pages. -

Comparison of the Russian words BRAIN and MOSCOW is executed.
Category: Linguistics

[25623] viXra:1809.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 02:10:37

Aliens

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Impossibility to imagine psychology of aliens
Category: Social Science

[25622] viXra:1809.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 04:26:49

The Quantum/Classical Connection

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 11 pages

By way of the Quantum/Classical Connection, the radii of nearby G and K-type Main Sequence stars map onto the atomic masses of Period 4 transition metals while the masses of the stars map onto the atomic radii of the same elements.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[25621] viXra:1809.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 06:56:17

Theoretical Measurements of Mass and Charge of W Bosons, and Possible Elementary Fractional Charge Gauge and Elementary Integer Charge Scalar Bosons

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 15 Pages.

The nature’s beautiful symmetry defines its original scenery which is very simple if one can grasp the mathematical idea associated with it. The first purpose of this note is to present the abstract mathematical methodology (not abstract as nature’s beautiful symmetry arrangements) can also be called as mathematical scheme which justifies the charge, spin and mass of electroweak bosons which is our original choice. The second primary fundamental essence of this note is to attempt the prediction of fractional charged boson that might exist in nature with definite spin basically spin equivalent to gauge boson and a scalar boson of integer charge with an approximate mass. The mass mentioned in this note is our mass calculation limit which may change. Both particles are predicted as elementary. For this note we have taken only elementary gauge boson with charge i.e. w boson to develop mathematical rules to predict another new gauge charged boson.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25620] viXra:1809.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 06:59:05

Dual Spin Statistics in Hadrons

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 2 Pages.

vindicated by experimental approaches in super energetic accelerators. The predicted particles are strongly interacting composite particles with “colored quarks” as its basic constituents.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25619] viXra:1809.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 07:01:22

On The Special Strongly Interacting Baryons*

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 1 Page.

Physics of strongly interacting particles are well known in terms of simplified mathematical models. This note mathematically shows the evidence of particles called baryons of special type, means with special quark combinations. The certainty of this paper must be an experimental approach in high energy accelerators.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25618] viXra:1809.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 07:38:16

Laser Study of Ice Sheets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

NASA counted down Saturday to the launch of its $1 billion ICESat-2 mission, using advanced lasers to uncover the true depth of the melting of Earth's ice sheets. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: Condensed Matter

[25617] viXra:1809.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 08:18:55

Computational Technology Streamlines

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Workflow management systems allow users to prepare, produce and analyze scientific processes to help simplify complex simulations. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[25616] viXra:1809.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 09:41:12

A Generalization of the Clifford Algebra

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in english

We propose here a generalization of the Clifford algebra by mean of two endomorphisms. We deduce a generalized Lichnerowicz formula for the space of modified spinors.
Category: Geometry

[25615] viXra:1809.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 10:35:14

Rough Estimate of Legendre's Conjecture

Authors: Hajime Mashima
Comments: 9 Pages.

Legendre's conjecture argues that there is always a prime number between n2 and (n + 1)2 when natural number n.
Category: Number Theory

Replacements of recent Submissions

[10218] viXra:1809.0485 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-24 10:18:41

On The Non-Real Nature of x.0 (x in R*): The Set of Null Imaginary Numbers

Authors: Saulo Queiroz
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this letter we discuss the inconsistencies of $0/0\cdot x=y$, $x,y\in\real_{\ne 0}$ from the perspective of the zero property multiplication (ZPM) $x\cdot 0 = y\cdot 0$ on $\real$. We axiomatize $x\cdot 0$ as a number $\inull(x)$ that has a real part $\Re(\inull(x))=0$ but indeed is not real. From this we define the set of null imaginary numbers $\nullset$ as $\{\inull(x)|\forall x\in\real_{\ne 0}\} \cup \{0\}$. We present the elementary algebra on $\nullset$ based on the definitions of uniqueness (i.e., if $x\ne y\Leftrightarrow \inull(x)\ne \inull(y)$) and the null division (i.e., $\inull(x)/0=x\ne 0$). Also, \emph{under the condition of existence of $\nullset$}, we show that $0/0=\inull(0)/\inull(0)=1$ does not cause the logic trivialism of the real mathematic.
Category: Algebra

[10217] viXra:1809.0452 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-21 08:28:21

Refutation of Smarandache Multi-Space Theory

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

The Smarandache multi-space theory (SMT) as based on a Latin square is a vector space (probabilistic) and not bivalent (exact). Therefore SMT is refuted in classical logic.
Category: General Mathematics

[10216] viXra:1809.0450 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-23 14:57:31

How Gas and Force Work Together to Create Geometrical Dispersed Patterns Based On an Object's Shape

Authors: Andrew Dente
Comments: 9 Pages. This manuscript has no operational errors confirmed by reviewers and outside reviewers.

This unique mathematical method for understanding the flow of gas through each individual objects shape will show us how we can produce physical functions for each object based on the dissemination of gas particles in accordance to its shape. We analyze its continuum per shape of the object and the forces acting on the gas which in return produces its own unique function for the given object due to the rate at which forces were applied to the gas. We also get to examine the different changes in the working rate due to the effect of its volume and mass from the given objects shape with our working equation discovered through Green’s and Gaussian functions.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[10215] viXra:1809.0363 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-22 15:00:59

Origin of Universe, Theory of Everything and the Origin of Consciousness: Concepts of Existence Are Inherently Philosophically, Scientifically and Metaphysically Incomplete. HAWKING’S Views on GODEL’S Incompleteness

Authors: Abed Peerally
Comments: 24 Pages. Replacement

The series of publications/articles/books by the author (vixra Peerally archives and books), of which this article is the sixth paper about the Theory of Everything, highlight that our current scientific culture could soon have dramatic new openings, that will trigger science towards a far more productive potential than is generally believed. Hawking in his various writings harboured both optimism and pessimism about the Theory of Everything and the future of fundamental physics and mathematics and a particularly thoughtful one is "Gödel and the end of physics". He was generally right for there is nothing in science and philosophy that will ever be proved to be final. The reason is that existence and the universe arose from precursors that cannot be seen to imply finality in terms of their physics and philosophy. In any case Hawking’s feeling is that Gödel’s theorem indicates that there is incompleteness is any concept, for example, Hawking said: “One can have a well-defined position, or a well-defined velocity, but not both.”…“This would seem to make complete determinism impossible. If one can't accurately define both the positions, and the velocities, of particles at one time, how can one predict what they will be in the future.” In philosophy, as well as in mathematics, one can understand whether there is or not such a thing as finality. The fact that not only Gödel, a pure mathematician, but an eminent physicist like Hawking agrees that incompleteness could be an eternal rule of existence carries a lot of weight. In fact, one can also theorise that existence cannot be proved to be complete, not even death, mainly because of the mysteriously metaphysical consciousness. There is nothing in intellectual knowledge that can be regarded 2 as a final truth, as the author’s Theory of Everything will also show. The domain of fundamental cosmology has been in crisis in the last several decades, and that is where the Theory of Everything can represent a significant opening for decades, centuries and millennia of philosophy and science to come. The author’s publications, in addition, are his two posters about consciousness (Tucson Consciousness Conferences, 2016, 2017) and two books that discuss the Theory of Everything and consciousness. The objective of the author’s publications is to demonstrate that the facets of the universe are capable of being encapsulated within a single philosophical and physical concept, the Ultimate Theory of Everything that agrees with Hawking’s later view that natural phenomena and existence fundamentally imply the property of incompleteness. This author’s final concept of existence is coming at the right time, in view of the wide range of mixed feelings on the scientific dreams of a final theory of existence, and about the nature and meaning of what our realities are. As the eminent physicist Steven Weinberg said, in his Dreams of a Final Theory, a really wonderful book to read: “We are on the track of something universal-something that governs physical phenomena throughout the universe-something that we call the laws of nature. We do not want to discover a theory that is capable of describing all imaginable kinds of force among the particles of nature. Rather, we hope for a theory that rigidly will allow us to describe only those forces-gravitational, electroweak, and strong-that actually as it happens do exist. This kind of rigidity in our physical theories is part of what we recognise as beauty.”….. “As Abdus Salam has said, it is not particles or forces with which nature is sparing, but principles. The important thing is to have a set of simple and economical principles that explain why the particles are what they are. It is disturbing that we do not yet have a complete theory of the sort we want. But, when we do, it will not matter very much how many kinds of particle or force it describes, as long as it does so beautifully, as an inevitable consequence of simple principles.” Weinberg then remarked “The creation of new physical principles is agony and apparently cannot be taught.” In fact, the Ultimate Theory of Everything will squarely meet Weinberg’s prescription, and will also widely opine about a large range of aspects of the universe and existence. Weinberg’s remark does, however, illustrate to what extent intellectual pursuits can be challenging, and Einstein did go through precisely this kind of agony, for he 3 unsuccessfully devoted the last three decades of his life to the search of a theory that would unify gravitation and the electromagnetic force, a search which has not been pursued by other physicists. The truth is that the solution of the mystery of gravitation in relation to the electromagnetic force is very elusive and requires the Theory of Everything to elucidate. However, this ultimate concept has been, in the scientific literature, well regarded as a near impossible ambition of science. Seeing where we are in cosmology, there is an urgency for it, for it could have a universal impact on how we view the universe and our existence, as realistically as possible.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[10214] viXra:1809.0349 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-19 16:20:03

Simulation of Nontribial Point of Riemann Zeta Function Ver.3

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 12 Pages.

Tried to simulate the nontribial point of the Riemann zeta function. At the beginning, we tried to be exactly the same value as the nontribial point of the Riemann Zeta function only with the degree of increase of the circle going up like wrapping x = 0.5, but the degree of increase varies from moment to moment extremely difficult It was judged impossible. Then I created an expression that can take approximate values, but always take lower values than the nontribial zeros of the Riemann zeta function except for the initial values. However, by increasing the degree of increase of the circle going up like winding x = 0.5, it became possible to take a value which can be said to be an approximate value. The degree of increase in circle was based on the formula of the nuclear energy value of uranium. Since the degree of increase of the zero point changes from moment to moment, satisfactory approximate values can not be obtained yet.
Category: Algebra

[10213] viXra:1809.0349 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-18 07:01:31

Simulation of Nontribial Point of Riemann Zeta Function Ver.3

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 6 Pages.

Tried to simulate the nontribial point of the Riemann zeta function. At the beginning, we tried to be exactly the same value as the nontribial point of the Riemann Zeta function only with the degree of increase of the circle going up like wrapping x = 0.5, but the degree of increase varies from moment to moment extremely difficult It was judged impossible. Then we created an expression that can take approximate values, but always take lower values than the nontribial zeros of the Riemann zeta function except for the initial values. However, by increasing the degree of increase of the circle going up like winding x = 0.5, it became possible to take a value which can be said to be an approximate value. The degree of increase in yen was based on the formula of the nuclear energy value of uranium. Since the degree of increase of the zero point changes from moment to moment, satisfactory approximate values can not be obtained yet.
Category: Geometry

[10212] viXra:1809.0342 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-23 02:09:08

Genealogy and the Vedic Timescale

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 16 Pages.

Vedic timescales are explored. Manvantaras correspond to DNA Haplogroups.
Category: Social Science

[10211] viXra:1809.0342 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-17 22:46:00

Genealogy and the Vedic Timescale

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 15 Pages.

Vedic timescales are explored. Manvantaras correspond to DNA Haplogroups.
Category: Social Science

[10210] viXra:1809.0337 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-17 08:57:13

Experimental Verification of Wave Packet Collapse Using Fourth-Order Interference

Authors: Kazufumi Sakai
Comments: 8 Pages. Journal for Foundations and Applications of Physics, vol. 5, No. 2 (2018) 216-224

The concept of wave packet collapse is the most interesting and difficult to understand assumption of quantum mechanics and it remains an unresolved issue. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully examine its principle and process experimentally. We fabricated a new fourth-order interference apparatus capable of verifying the collapse of a wave packet. Contrary to expectation, a “collapse” was not observed in our experiment.
Category: Quantum Physics

[10209] viXra:1809.0320 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-18 23:48:00

Goldbach's Conjecture Ver.2

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 12 Pages.

I proved the Goldbach's conjecture. Even numbers are prime numbers and prime numbers added, but it has not been proven yet whether it can be true even for a huge number (forever huge number). All prime numbers are included in (6n - 1) or (6n + 1) except 2 and 3 (n is a positive integer). All numbers are executed in hexadecimal notation. This does not change even in a huge number (forever huge number). 2 (6n + 2), 4 (6n - 2), 6 (6n) in the figure are even numbers. 1 (6n + 1), 3 (6n + 3), 5 (6n - 1) are odd numbers.
Category: Algebra