[6] **viXra:0808.0006 [pdf]**
*submitted on 18 Aug 2008*

**Authors:** S. A. Al-Jabbar

**Comments:** 42 pages

The present work aims at the preparation of filaments of bismuth powder/ epoxy resin and examined
them to be high conductor with locally available material and tools following our technology
comparing with Bourgoin method.
Three sets of bismuth filaments were prepared at different conditions and the current - voltage
(I-V) characteristics measured by 2- probe system to examine the electrical resistance.

**Category:** Condensed Matter

[5] **viXra:0808.0005 [pdf]**
*submitted on 17 Aug 2008*

**Authors:** Talbot Chubb

**Comments:** 4 pages

On May 22, a special announcement/presentation was
held at Osaka University by Prof. Yoshiaki Arata in the
presence of colleagues, guests, and press. The announcement
of new results took place in Arata Hall, a campus building
named for Prof. Arata, and a demonstration took place in the
Arata-Zhang laboratory room in a nearby research building.
A research paper describing recent results was made available
in Japanese and English versions.

**Category:** Chemistry

[4] **viXra:0808.0004 [pdf]**
*submitted on 16 Aug 2008*

**Authors:** Reginald T. Cahill

**Comments:** 7 pages

The new dynamical theory of space is further confirmed by showing that the effective
"black hole" masses M_{BH} in 19 spherical star systems, from globular clusters to
galaxies, with masses M, satisfy the prediction that M_{BH} = α/2 M, where α is the
fine structure constant. As well the necessary and unique generalisations of the
Schrödinger and Dirac equations permit the first derivation of gravity from a deeper
theory, showing that gravity is a quantum effect of quantum matter interacting with
the dynamical space. As well the necessary generalisation of Maxwell's equations
displays the observed light bending effects. Finally it is shown from the generalised
Dirac equation where the spacetime mathematical formalism, and the accompanying
geodesic prescription for matter trajectories, comes from. The new theory of space is
non-local and we see many parallels between this and quantum theory, in addition to
the fine structure constant manifesting in both, so supporting the argument that space is
a quantum foam system, as implied by the deeper information-theoretic theory known
as Process Physics. The spatial dynamics also provides an explanation for the "dark
matter" effect and as well the non-locality of the dynamics provides a mechanism
for generating the uniformity of the universe, so explaining the cosmological horizon
problem.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:0808.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 16 Aug 2008*

**Authors:** Reginald T. Cahill

**Comments:** 8 pages

A theory of 3-space explains the phenomenon of gravity as arising from the timedependence
and inhomogeneity of the differential flow of this 3-space. The emergent
theory of gravity has two gravitational constants: G_{N} - Newton's constant, and a
dimensionless constant α. Various experiments and astronomical observations have
shown that α is the fine structure constant =~ 1/137. Here we analyse the Greenland Ice
Shelf and Nevada Test Site borehole g anomalies, and confirm with increased precision
this value of a. This and other successful tests of this theory of gravity, including the
supermassive black holes in globular clusters and galaxies, and the "dark-matter" effect
in spiral galaxies, shows the validity of this theory of gravity. This success implies that
the non-relativistic Newtonian gravity was fundamentally flawed from the beginning,
and that this flaw was inherited by the relativistic General Relativity theory of gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:0808.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 6 Aug 2008*

**Authors:** Maurizio Michelini

**Comments:** 12 pages

A preceding paper showed that particles moving within a flux of microquanta (filling the space) obey the
Relativistic Mechanics and undergo a newtonian-like pushing gravity with G depending on the quantum flux
constants. Due to the very little quantum energy E, the ratio E/mc2 is very little, so microquanta follow accurately
optical reflection in the Compton s collision with particles. The number of microquanta simultaneously hitting
upon a nucleon is very high due to the small quantum wavelength, which equals the Planck's length. Along the
joining line of two particles there is a lack of incident quanta (missing beam) which determines unbalanced
collisions generating a force between them. The pushing gravity increments the particle energy (through the
microquanta collisions) during the contraction of the galactic gas globules leading to protostars. This mechanism
predicts that observations of the thermal emission power for major solar planets will exceed the power received
from solar light. When two particles are very close, the mutual screening highly increments the missing beam,
giving rise to a short-range strong force. Considering the microquanta constants, this force is of the right order to
hold protons and neutrons within the atomic nuclei. The old belief that nuclear forces are produced by the nucleons
is discarded. Proof is done of the structure of the Deuterium nucleus. The same process originates also a shortrange
weak force on the electron closely orbiting a proton, thus originating the neutron structure. While the mutual
forces on a nucleon pair are equal, the weak force on the electron differs from the force on the proton (breakdown
of Newton s action and reaction symmetry).

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:0808.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2 Aug 2008*

**Authors:** R. M. Kiehn

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

This essay is based on the fundmental assumption that any physical system of
synergetic parts is a thermodynamic system. The universality of thermodynamics is
due to the fact that thermodynamic homogeneous properties, such as pressure, temperature
and their analogs, do not depend upon size or shape. That is, thermodynamics
is a topological (not a geometrical) theory. By use of Cartan's methods of exterior
differential forms and their topological properties of closure, it is possible to define and
construct examples for the universal concepts of:
[1] Continuous Topological Evolution of topological properties - which in effect is a
dynamical version of the First Law.
[2] Topological Torsion and Pfaff Topological Dimension - which distinguishes equilibrium
(PTD < 3, TT = 0) and non-equilibrium systems (PTD > 2, TT ≠ 0).
[3] A Topological Thermodynamic Environment - of PTD = 4.
[4] Thermodynamic irreversible processes, which cause self-similar evolution in the
environment, and emergence of self-organized states of PTD = 3 as topological defects
in the PTD = 4 environment. These results clarify and give credence to Prigogine's
conjectures about dissipative structures.
[5] A universal thermodynamic phase function, T, which can have a singular cubic
factor equivalent to a deformed, universal, van der Waals gas. This van der Waals
gas admits negative pressure and dark matter properties, which are current themes in
Astronomy and GR.

**Category:** Classical Physics