All Submission Categories

1907 Submissions

[583] viXra:1907.0628 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 07:45:14

Refutation of Completeness for Inclusion and Equivalence of Universality

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate a formula for inclusion and equivalence of universality. It is not tautologous, refuting the conjecture of completeness, and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[582] viXra:1907.0627 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 07:47:54

Earth Moon Orbit Triangle Analysis (Revised)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

Earth Moon Orbit Triangle Analysis (Revised) Abstract The Moon Orbit Geometrical Structure Proves The Following Conclusions: Primary Conclusions (1)Solar Group Can't be created neither by Big Bang Theory Nor Sun Gravity Concept. (2)The Solar Group is created of Only One Energy travels through the group (3)This one Energy creates planets matters (E=mc2 supports that) and planets orbital distances (because Space = Energy –my hypothesis) (4)Solar Group can be similar to one train and each planet is a carriage of it. (5)Solar Group can be similar to one machine and each planet is a gear in it (6)Solar Group can be similar to one building and each planet is a part of it (7)So, when a planet moves – means - this planet moves as a carriage in one train –all solar planets move together in one general motion Paper Basic Conclusion: Energy must be Transported from Jupiter to Earth Moon Orbit The paper tries to prove this fact
Category: Astrophysics

[581] viXra:1907.0626 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 08:57:56

Day and Night – Designate Twenty-Four Hours

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The estimated etymology of the Russian words twenty-four hours, NIGHT, DAY is considered
Category: Linguistics

[580] viXra:1907.0625 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 10:55:36

The Birth of a Genius. 1905

Authors: Tomasz Bodziony
Comments: 22 Pages.

This article is going to discuss the story behind of the creation and publication of the article entitled "Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper" by Albert Einstein that took place in 1905. One can state that it was one of the most important articles in the history of science. A number of astounding coincidences associated with its publication are going to be considered. A theory explaining said events is also going to be presented.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[579] viXra:1907.0624 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 11:42:08

Quantum and Classical Worlds Connection

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

Fortunately, a quantum system can be described using intuitive classical probabilities rather than the more challenging methods of quantum mechanics, when there is no interference. [48] Physicists from Professor Johannes Fink's research group at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) have found a way to use a mechanical oscillator to produce entangled radiation. [47] The key to ghost imaging is to use two or more correlated beams of particles. [46] Physicists at the University of Alberta in Canada have developed a new way to build quantum memories, a method for storing delicate quantum information encoded into pulses of light. [45] Now, an Australian research team has experimentally realised a crucial combination of these capabilities on a silicon chip, bringing the dream of a universal quantum computer closer to reality. [44] A theoretical concept to realize quantum information processing has been developed by Professor Guido Burkard and his team of physicists at the University of Konstanz. [43] As the number of hacks and security breaches rapidly climbs, scientists say there may be a way to make a truly unhackable network by using the laws of quantum physics. [42] This world-first nanophotonic device, just unveiled in Nature Communications, encodes more data and processes it much faster than conventional fiber optics by using a special form of 'twisted' light. [41] Purdue University researchers created a new technique that would increase the secret bit rate 100-fold, to over 35 million photons per second. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[578] viXra:1907.0623 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 12:17:42

Up Quarks of 4.8 Mev and Electron Neutrinos of 2.2 X 10^-6 Mev Both Arose in a Holographic 2nd Cyclic Universe

Authors: George R. briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: The presence of up quarks of 4.8 MeV indicate that unbroken E8 symmetry was active by the 2nd cyclic universe: also the presence of electron neutrinos of 2.2 x 10^-6 MeV indicate that holography was active by this time.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[577] viXra:1907.0622 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 12:05:31

Laser Solitons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Rosanov and his group began their work with computer simulations, suggesting that it was theoretically possible to produce a stable soliton in a wide-aperture laser if it was stabilised by external radiation. [14] Scientists at Osaka University discovered a novel particle acceleration mechanism they describe as a micro-bubble implosion, in which super-high energy hydrogen ions (relativistic protons) are emitted at the moment when bubbles shrink to atomic size through the irradiation of hydrides with micron-sized spherical bubbles by ultraintense laser pulses. [13]
Category: Condensed Matter

[576] viXra:1907.0620 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 13:05:04

The MHCE8S Model Of Physics

Authors: George R. briggs
Comments: 2 Pages. The MHCE8S theory is now essentially complete

Abstract: The replacement for the Standard Model is given
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[575] viXra:1907.0618 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 13:18:57

Origin of Creation

Authors: Bhaskar
Comments: 7 Pages. If wants to know whole theory go on "An another one"

This theory is written to explain the nature of space, time, matter and energy by the help of equations, this paper includes violation of some existing theories and introduction of some new concepts and introduction of some new concepts with explanation of some existing concepts like reason of big bang and the source of power from where particles gets properties like charge and mass,  the physics of source of this power tells it is endless therefore a particle never looses its properties like charge and mass. 
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[574] viXra:1907.0617 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 13:30:37

Magic Angle Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Now, new experiments conducted at Princeton give hints at how this material-known as magic-angle twisted graphene-gives rise to superconductivity. [33] Finally, we can look at a key property of superconductivity that previously couldn't be seen." [32] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have found that crystals of a recently discovered superconducting material, a layered bismuth chalcogenide with a four-fold symmetric structure, shows only twofold symmetry in its superconductivity. [31] Russian physicist Viktor Lakhno from Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, RAS considers symmetrical bipolarons as a basis of high-temperature superconductivity. [30] Scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have shown that copper-based superconductors, or cuprates-the first class of materials found to carry electricity with no loss at relatively high temperatures-contain fluctuating stripes of electron charge and spin that meander like rivulets over rough ground. [29] Researchers from Google and the University of California Santa Barbara have taken an important step towards the goal of building a large-scale quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[573] viXra:1907.0616 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 14:02:11

Structure of Gold at Extremes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

"We discovered a new structure in gold that exists at extreme states—two thirds of the pressure found at the center of Earth," said lead author Richard Briggs, a postdoctoral researcher at LLNL. [42] The properties of gold in nanoscale are significantly different to those of bulk gold. Of special interest are gold nanoclusters, that are composed of between tens to some hundreds of gold atoms. [41] A team at Osaka University has created single-molecule nanowires, complete with an insulation layer, up to 10 nanometers in length. [40] Using optical and electrical measurements, a two-dimensional anisotropic crystal of rhenium disulfide was found to show opposite piezoresistant effects along two principle axes, i.e. positive along one axis and negative along another. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[572] viXra:1907.0615 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 15:11:36

Anti-Hurricane Gun

Authors: Ilija Barukcic
Comments: 8 pages. Copyright (C) 2019 by Ilija Barukcic, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved. Published by

Objective: Hurricanes are natural disasters of epic proportions. An effective help is not in sight. Methods: Thales' basic proportionality theorem (i.e. intercept theorem) was reviewed and used for the calculations in this publication. Results: The strategy developed in this paper provides effective measures to control this gigantic monster by an Anti-Hurricane gun. The same machine is equally of use to transform desert into very fertile agricultural land or to protect human mankind against deadly impacts of asteroids. Conclusion: The technical details of an anti-hurricane gun are ready for use. Keywords: Climate change, Hurricane, Help
Category: Climate Research

[571] viXra:1907.0614 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 23:23:50

Swimming Gold Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Chinese scientists have redesigned collective chemotaxis by creating artificial model nanoswimmers from chemically and biochemically modified gold nanoparticles. [43] "We discovered a new structure in gold that exists at extreme states—two thirds of the pressure found at the center of Earth," said lead author Richard Briggs, a postdoctoral researcher at LLNL. [42] The properties of gold in nanoscale are significantly different to those of bulk gold. Of special interest are gold nanoclusters, that are composed of between tens to some hundreds of gold atoms. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[570] viXra:1907.0613 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 06:28:12

Refutation of Turing's Halting Problem as Logically Unsolvable

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: Pages.

We confirm the halting conjecture as tautologous and hence refute the halting problem as unsolvable. What follows is that first order logic is decidable. This proof was made possible by the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[569] viXra:1907.0612 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 07:14:25

Astrophysical Shocks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Now experiments led by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) in the Princeton Center for Heliophysics have for the first time reproduced the process behind the source of such shocks. [27] A merger between galaxies can trigger can intense radiation from bursts star formation and from the accretion of gas onto the two supermassive black holes at their centers. [26] However, a surprising new discovery from a Caltech researcher suggests that the Schrödinger Equation—the fundamental equation of quantum mechanics—is remarkably useful in describing the long-term evolution of certain astronomical structures. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[568] viXra:1907.0611 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 08:15:31

Structuring Quantum Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Implementing quantum materials in computer chips provides access to fundamentally new technologies. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[567] viXra:1907.0610 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 08:27:24

Mössbauer Experiments in a Rotating System: the so-Called "Synchronization Effect" to Explain the Extra Energy Shift Between Emitted and Absorbed Radiation Constitutes a Complete Failure

Authors: Alexander Kholmetskii, Tolga Yarman, Ozan Yarman, Metin Arik
Comments: 12 Pages.

We show that a new attempt by C. Corda to once more rehash his so-called "synchronization effect" in order to account for the origin of the extra energy shift between emitted and absorbed radiation in Mössbauer rotor experiments (C. Corda, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, doi: 10.1142/S0218271819501311) is yet again erroneous, just as were his previous attempts (Ann. Phys. 355, 360 (2015); Ann. Phys. 368, 258 (2016); Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 27, 1847016 (2018)). The correct approach presented herein with regards to the calculation of the energy shift between emitted and absorbed radiation in a rotating system leads to, as a matter of fact, no specific "synchronization effect".
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[566] viXra:1907.0609 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 11:40:23

Moon Orbit Triangle Analysis

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

The moon motion 4 basic points (perigee- apogee- average- total solar eclipse) are defined based on Pythagoras Rule which can't be explained by gravity forces effect – Based on that The Moon Orbit Geometry proves the claim "The Solar Group is created by one energy travels from point to another point through the solar group" Specifically – The moon orbit geometry proves that "The Energy Must Be Transported From Jupiter To Earth Moon Orbit"
Category: Astrophysics

[565] viXra:1907.0608 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 14:23:10

The Size of the Electron.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 15 Pages.

The structure of the atom is analyzed using the results of established experiments on ionization energies and spectral emissions. Ionization energy levels - when electrons are energized to escape from the Potential Energy Well of the atom – show distinct patterns. The depth of the Potential Energy Well is directly proportional to the number of protons in the nucleus, but is not dependent on the number of neutrons. The ionization energies, and therefore the electron depths, are similar to those of a "multi-layered ball" of electrons, as if they simply fill the three-dimensional Potential Energy Well around the nucleus. The electrons appear to be loosely-packed for the lighter elements, and more tightly-packed for the heavier elements. The electrons appear to be much larger than we presently imagine.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[564] viXra:1907.0606 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 21:44:08

Diffraction Experiment Demonstrates Photon's Path

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 4 Pages.

Wave models of light suggest the waves from a slit expand like a fan and interfere with other waves through the slit. A photon model of light with a computer simulation suggests the photons through a slit cross to the other side of centerline to reach the screen. A diffraction experiment is performed with a light filter that reduces the intensity of light on one side of a slit. This experiment demonstrates that the reduced intensity caused by the filter appears on the side of the image opposite to the side with the filter. Therefore, the crossing pattern predicted by a photon computer simulation is supported and the traditional wave models are rejected.
Category: Classical Physics

[563] viXra:1907.0605 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 22:19:29

[ Python Theorem Provers+apache-Mxnet+restricted Boltzmann Machine (Rbm)/boltzmann Machines +qrng/quantum Device] in the Context of Dna/rna Based Informatics & Bio-Chemical Sensing Networks – an Interesting R&D Insight Into the World of [ Dna/rna ]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

[ Python Theorem Provers+Apache-MXNet+Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM)/Boltzmann Machines +QRNG/Quantum Device] in the Context of DNA/RNA based Informatics & Bio-Chemical Sensing Networks – An Interesting R&D insight into the World of [ DNA/RNA ] based Hybrid Machine Learning Informatics Framework/s.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[562] viXra:1907.0604 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 01:51:32

Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Silver Oxide

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 12 Pages.

Silver oxide (Ag2O) has the antimicrobial properties, which is insoluble in most of the solvents and sensitive to light. Therefore, this study was performed to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of Ag2O powder using modern analytical techniques. The Ag2O sample was divided into two parts, one part of the sample was considered as the control sample, whereas the other part of the sample received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values were significantly decreased by 26.70% (d10), 20.67% (d50), 18.7% (d90), and 20.57% [D(4,3)], hence, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 32.33% in the treated Ag2O sample than control sample. PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered from -94.93% to 6.18% and -54.19% to 54.89%, respectively, however, the average crystallite size was significantly decreased by 14.66% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion of the treated Ag2O was significantly decreased by 61.12% compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was significantly increased by 49.34%, hence, the residue amount was 4.05% less in the treated sample than the control sample. These results suggested that the Trivedi Effect® might introduce a new polymorphic form of Ag2O which would offer better solubility, absorption, and bioavailability of the pharmaceutical formulations and also be advantageous for the pharmaceutical industry when using it as a raw material.
Category: Biochemistry

[561] viXra:1907.0603 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 01:51:55

Antioxidative Potential of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on HepG2 Cells and DMEM after Oxidative Stress Induced by Hydrogen Peroxide

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Antioxidants can reduce oxidative stress in cells is used for the treatment of several disorders such as cancer, cardiovascular, and inflammatory diseases. The present study was evaluated the antioxidant potential of the Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treated human hepatoma cell line (HepG2) and Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) for the assessment of cell viability under hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress. The Biofield Energy Treated HepG2 cells group was maintained for 23 days under standard conditions. On the next day, the cells were challenged with 1 mM of H2O2 for the generation of oxidative stress. The ability of the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment to protect from the oxidative stress was determined by MTT cell viability assay and compared with the negative control group. The percentage of cell viability was significantly (p≤0.001) increased by 13.6% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group; while altered by 3.2% in the Biofield Energy Treated HepG2 cells group compared to the negative control group. Overall, the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM showed a better antioxidative protection against oxidative stress than HepG2 cells group, which was induced by H2O2. Therefore, the results envisaged that The Trivedi Effect®- Biofield Energy Healing Treatment has an impact on the protection of various vital organs from oxidative stress; which might be helpful in the development of powerful/energized growth medium for the accelerated study with a cost-effective manner.
Category: Biochemistry

[560] viXra:1907.0602 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 02:12:07

Strengthen the Weak Force Signal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Nuclear physicists successfully measured the weak charge of the proton by shooting electrons at a cold liquid hydrogen target in an experiment carried out at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. [18] The IceCube Neutrino Observatory in Antarctica is about to get a significant upgrade. [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[559] viXra:1907.0601 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-14 03:00:14

To Catch and Reverse a Quantum Jump Mid-Flight (In Russian)

Authors: Z.K. Minev, S.O. Mundhada, S. Shankar ...
Comments: 28 Pages. in Russian

Quantum physics was invented to account for two fundamental features of measurement results their discreetness and randomness. Emblematic of these features is the Bohr idea of quantum jumps between two discrete energy levels of an atom. Experimentally, quantum jumps were first observed in an atomic ion driven by a weak deterministic force while under strong continuous energy measurement. The times at which the discontinuous jump transitions occur are reputed to be fundamentally unpredictable. Can there be, despite the indeterminism of quantum physics, a possibility to know if a quantum jump is about to occur or not? Here, we answer this question affirmatively by experimentally demonstrating that the jump from the ground to an excited state of a superconducting artificial three-level atom can be tracked as it follows a predictable flight, by monitoring the population of an auxiliary energy level coupled to the ground state. The experimental results demonstrate that the jump evolution when completed is continuous, coherent, and deterministic. Furthermore, exploiting these features and using real-time monitoring and feedback, we catch and reverse a quantum jump mid-flight, thus deterministically preventing its completion. Our results, which agree with theoretical predictions essentially without adjustable parameters, support the modern quantum trajectory theory and provide new ground for the exploration of real-time intervention techniques in the control of quantum systems, such as early detection of error syndromes.
Category: Quantum Physics

[558] viXra:1907.0600 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 02:51:22

Exoplanet Stability Analysis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

In this week's Chaos, Tamás Kovács delivers an alternative method for stability analysis of exoplanetary bodies using only the observed time series data to deduce dynamical measurements and quantify the unpredictability of exoplanet systems. [28] Now experiments led by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) in the Princeton Center for Heliophysics have for the first time reproduced the process behind the source of such shocks. [27] A merger between galaxies can trigger can intense radiation from bursts star formation and from the accretion of gas onto the two supermassive black holes at their centers. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[557] viXra:1907.0599 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 03:07:22

Unihemispheric Sleep in Humans

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Although unihemispheric sleep is not known to occur in humans, recent research has found that humans exhibit a similar sleeping style when they experience troubled sleep in a new location for the first time, called the "first night effect." [30] Since the complement of sleep-regulating neurons has been identified in flies, and they are similar to their human counterparts, we know where to look in the brain, and we will employ genetic and imaging methods to ask which neurons are activated by NKT secretion from astrocytes. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[556] viXra:1907.0598 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 03:23:07

Solar Cell Unexpected Microstructure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites are especially successful, and they have been used in optoelectronic devices including solar cells, photodetectors, light-emitting diodes and lasers. [39] A new microscope breaks a long-standing speed limit, recording footage of brain activity 15 times faster than scientists once believed possible. [38] Engineers at Duke University have developed a method for extracting a color image from a single exposure of light scattered through a mostly opaque material. [37] Physicists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, have devised a method to turn a non-magnetic metal into a magnet using laser light. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[555] viXra:1907.0597 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 03:38:38

Room Temperature Semiconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Two physicists working out of the University of Florida and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Paul Johns and Juan Nino, conducted research to enhance global nuclear security by improving radiation detectors. [40] Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites are especially successful, and they have been used in optoelectronic devices including solar cells, photodetectors, light-emitting diodes and lasers. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[554] viXra:1907.0596 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 05:19:16

Effect of Biofield Energy Treated Cell Growth Medium on Human Fibroblast Cell Growth for Assessment of Skin Health Promotion Potential

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Cell growth and proliferation plays an important role in wound healing, which is a complex and dynamic process. Wound management and recovery is currently done using various antiseptics and antibiotics in order to prevent or treat infection. The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of Biofield Energy (Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment - The Trivedi Effect®) Treated cell growth medium on the proliferation of human dermal fibroblast cells (HFF-1) for the assessment of skin health promotion potential. An aliquot of HFF-1 cells and DMEM were divided into two parts, one was treated with the Biofield Energy Treatment and denoted as the treated test samples, while other part was coded as the untreated test samples. MTT assay was used to study the cellular proliferation, while cell growth rate was estimated under phase contrast microscope by monitoring the cell growth at 24, 48, and 72 hours interval and photomicrographs were captured. The results of HFF-1 cellular proliferation rate showed a significant (p≤0.001) increased by 80% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM, while positive controls, ascorbic acid (10 µM) and FBS (15% fetal bovine serum) showed increased cell proliferation by 21% and 44%, respectively. In addition, cell growth rate was evaluated at 24, 48, and 72 hours and the results were observed with a significant growth in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group compared with the Biofield Energy Treated HFF-1 cells. Thus, on the basis of the experimental results, it can be concluded that The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment has the significant capacity to improve the cellular proliferation and cell growth rate of human skin cells in the Biofield Energy Treated media (DMEM) for improving the overall skin health. It can be used as a complementary and alternative approach with respect to the various skin-related disorders, anti-aging, wound healing, and many more.
Category: Biochemistry

[553] viXra:1907.0595 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 06:01:43

Model and Method to Explain Correlation in Bell-Test Experiments

Authors: Gerard van der Ham
Comments: 11 Pages.

The correlation in Bell-test experiments in relation to elektronspin can be explained according to local-realism. A simple model shows that the position of the detectors respective of the direction of movement of the elektrons define vektorspaces in which the opposit spinvektors of entangled pairs of elektrons are, which give equal spin result. With this model the identification of those vektorspaces and the measuring and counting of the spinvektors can be described. In this way correlation, as it is calculated in quantum theory and found in experiments, is explained.
Category: Quantum Physics

[552] viXra:1907.0594 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-31 05:46:16

Perpetuum Mobile - Vimana Core

Authors: Walter Victor Fuego
Comments: 1 Page.

Your world is a lie: it's all of them. It's a reality few can see. Seek the Truth
Category: Classical Physics

[551] viXra:1907.0593 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 06:31:31

Simplified Research for the Constellation of All Roots of Dirichlet Eta Function in Critical Strip

Authors: Leonid Vakhov
Comments: 4 Pages.

The constellation of zeros of Dirichlet eta function is similar to constellation of zeros of important subclass of L-functions (like Dirichlet series etc.). The hereby proposed simplified research can help in researching this important subclass of L-functions.
Category: Number Theory

[550] viXra:1907.0592 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 06:45:34

Unique Quantum Fingerprint

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15] Pioneering research offers a fascinating view into the inner workings of the mind of 'Maxwell's Demon', a famous thought experiment in physics. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[549] viXra:1907.0591 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 07:36:22

Rotating Molecules Film

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[548] viXra:1907.0590 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 08:48:02

Quantum Internet at Light Speed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[547] viXra:1907.0589 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 09:12:42

Prime Numbers and Twin Prime Numbers Algorithm.

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martin
Comments: 24 Pages.

: This article develops an old and well-known expression to obtain prime numbers, composite numbers and twin prime numbers. The conditioning (n) will be the key to make the formula work and the conditioning of the letter (z) will be important for the formula to be efficient.
Category: Number Theory

[546] viXra:1907.0588 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 09:57:30

Light Magnetise Metals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Physicists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, have devised a method to turn a non-magnetic metal into a magnet using laser light. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[545] viXra:1907.0587 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 10:36:03

Particle Confinement in Fusion Plasmas

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

A team of fusion researchers succeeded in proving that energetic ions with energy in mega electron volt (MeV) range are superiorly confined in a plasma for the first time in helical systems. [44] Now, physicists have confirmed that an updated computer code could help to predict and ultimately prevent such leaks from happening. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[544] viXra:1907.0586 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 11:15:14

Life is Awareness of Our Existence

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to define life being awareness of our existence
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[543] viXra:1907.0585 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-31 03:08:38

Trigonometric Functions is there a Problem?

Authors: Ilija Barukcic
Comments: 8 pages. (C) Copyright 2019 by Ilija Barukcic, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved. Published by:

Trigonometry is an important part of mathematics. In general, a proper understanding of trigonometric functions is a pre-requisite for understanding important topics in physics, architecture, and many branches of engineering. We commonly suppose that the mathematics of trigonometric functions is perfectly true. However, trigonometric functions have a very long and colourful history and the need to take a more precise look on the same is great. This publication provides some evidence that there are circumstances where today understanding of trigonometric functions leads to contradictions. Keywords — Trigonometric functions, Classical logic, Contradiction
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[542] viXra:1907.0584 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 11:42:40

The Universe Intelligence

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to present the universe intelligence idea
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[541] viXra:1907.0583 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 15:57:59

Refutation of Probabilistic Approximate Logic (Palo) and Logical Imagination Engine

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. .. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

A key property of probabilistic approximate logic (PALO) as one form of inference (of many) is evaluated as not tautologous. This refutes its semantics of the logical imagination engine and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[540] viXra:1907.0582 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 17:17:55

Refutation of Leibniz' Identity of Indiscernibles and Leo-III Theorem Prover

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: Pages. Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com; email: info@cec-services . com

Leibniz' identity of indiscernibles as ∀x∀y[∀F(Fx <-> Fy) -> x=y] is not tautologous. Consequently the Leo-III theorem prover for higher-order paramodulated extensional logic is also refuted. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[539] viXra:1907.0581 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-26 11:18:55

A Characterization of the Golden Arbelos Involving an Archimedean Circle

Authors: Hiroshi Okumura
Comments: 5 Pages.

We consider a problem in Wasan geometry involving a golden arbelos and give a characterization of the golden arbelos involving an Archimedean circle. We also construct a self-similar circle configuration using the figure of the problem.
Category: Geometry

[538] viXra:1907.0580 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 22:01:51

An Exact Formula for the Prime Counting Function

Authors: Jose R. Sousa
Comments: 16 Pages. I think this finding may have interesting applications in the study of the Riemann Hypothesis

This article discusses a few main topics in Number Theory, such as the M\"{o}bius function and its generalization, leading up to the derivation of a neat power series for the prime counting function, $\pi(x)$. Among its main findings, we can cite the inversion theorem for Dirichlet series (given $F_a(s)$, we can tell what its associated function, $a(n)$, is), which enabled the creation of a formula for $\pi(x)$ in the first place, and the realization that sums of divisors and the M\"{o}bius function are particular cases of a more general concept. Another conclusion we draw is that it's unnecessary to resort to the zeros of the analytic continuation of the zeta function to obtain $\pi(x)$.
Category: Number Theory

[537] viXra:1907.0579 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 22:06:22

On the Limits of a Generalized Harmonic Progression

Authors: Jose R. Sousa
Comments: 7 Pages. Understanding this paper requires a reading of some of the previous papers

This is the fourth paper I'm releasing on the topic of harmonic progressions. Here we address a more complicated problem, namely, the determination of the limiting function of a generalized harmonic progression. It underscores the utility of the formula we derived for $\sum_{j=1}^{n}1/(a\ii j+b)^k$ in $\textit{Complex Harmonic Progression}$ and of results we presented in $\textit{Generalized Harmonic Numbers Revisited}$. Our objective is to create a generating function for $\sum_{k=2}^{\infty}x^k\sum_{j=1}^{\infty}1/(j+b)^k$, with complex $x$ and $b$, whose derivatives at 0 give us the limit of the harmonic progressions (of order 2 and higher) as $n$ approaches infinity.
Category: Number Theory

[536] viXra:1907.0578 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 22:08:45

Complex Harmonic Progression

Authors: Jose R. Sousa
Comments: 8 Pages. This paper derives a formula that holds for nearly all generalized harmonic progressions

In $\textit{Generalized Harmonic Progression}$, we showed how to create formulae for the sum of the terms of a harmonic progression of order $k$ with integer parameters, that is, $\sum_{j}1/(a j+b)^k$. Those formulae were more general than the ones we created in $\textit{Generalized Harmonic Numbers Revisited}$. In this new paper we make those formulae even more general by removing the restriction that $a$ and $b$ be integers, in other words, here we address $\sum_{j}1/(a\ii j+b)^k$, where $a$ and $b$ are complex numbers and $\ii$ is the imaginary unity. These new relatively simple formulae always hold, except when $\ii b/a\in \mathbb{Z}$. This paper employs a slightly modified version of the reasoning used previously. Nonetheless, we make another brief exposition of the principle used to derive such formulae.
Category: Number Theory

[535] viXra:1907.0577 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 22:10:51

Generalized Harmonic Progression

Authors: Jose R. Sousa
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper presents formulae for the sum of the terms of a harmonic progression of order $k$ with integer parameters, more precisely, $\sum_{j=1}^{n}1/(a j+b)^k$, and for the partial sums of two Fourier series associated with them, denoted here by $C^m_{k}(a,b,n)$ and $S^m_{k}(a,b,n)$ (here, the term $``$harmonic progression$"$ is used loosely, as for some parameter choices, $a$ and $b$, the result may not be a harmonic progression). We provide a generalization of the formulae we created in $\textit{Generalized Harmonic Numbers Revisited}$, which was achieved by using an extension of the reasoning employed before.
Category: Number Theory

[534] viXra:1907.0576 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 01:14:29

Exotic Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago, in collaboration with their colleagues at the University of Hamburg in Germany, have imaged an exotic quantum particle-called a Majorana fermion-that can be used as a building block for future qubits and eventually the realization of quantum computers. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[533] viXra:1907.0575 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 01:26:09

Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of the Biofield Energy Healing Treated Ofloxacin

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Ofloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic useful for the treatment of many Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial infections. The objective of this research work was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of ofloxacin using modern analytical techniques. The sample was divided into two parts. One part of ofloxacin was considered as the control sample (no biofield energy treatment was provided), whereas the second part was received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a famous Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and was termed as the treated sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from 7.45% to 73.06% and -44.1% to 77.95%, respectively in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The particle size values were significantly altered at d10 (-19.47%), d50 (1.14%), d90 (-8.70%), and D (4, 3) (-10.20%); whereas, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 15.66% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion and latent heat of decomposition of the treated ofloxacin were significantly increased by 16.24% and 88.03%, respectively compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was significantly decreased by 6.21 %; additionally, the residue amount was significantly increased by 47.16% in the treated ofloxacin compared with the control sample. Thus, the Trivedi Effect® might generate a new polymorphic form of ofloxacin which would be more soluble, bioavailable, and be thermally more stable compared with the untreated sample. The Biofield Treated ofloxacin would be more efficacious against urinary tract infections, infections of the urethra and cervix, infectious diarrhoea, pneumonia, cellulitis, chronic bronchitis, prostatitis, plague, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[532] viXra:1907.0572 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 03:32:17

A Formulation of Spin Dynamics Using SCHRÖDINGER Equation

Authors: Vu B Ho
Comments: 17 Pages.

In quantum mechanics, there is a profound distinction between orbital angular momentum and spin angular momentum in which the former can be associated with the motion of a physical object in space but the later cannot. The difference leads to a radical deviation in the formulation of their corresponding dynamics in which an orbital angular momentum can be described by using a coordinate system but a spin angular momentum cannot. In this work we show that it is possible to treat spin angular momentum in the same manner as orbital angular momentum by formulating spin dynamics using Schrödinger equation in an intrinsic coordinate system. As an illustration, we apply the formulation to the dynamics of a hydrogen atom and show that the intrinsic spin angular momentum of the electron can take half-integral values and, in particular, the intrinsic mass of the electron can take negative values. We also consider a further extension by generalising the formulation so that it can be used to describe other intrinsic dynamics that may associate with a quantum particle, such as when a hydrogen atom radiates a photon, the photon associated with the electron may also possess an intrinsic dynamics that can be described by an intrinsic wave equation that has a similar form to that for the electron.
Category: Quantum Physics

[531] viXra:1907.0571 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 03:36:36

A New Insight Explains Both the Michelson-Morley Experiment and Stellar Aberration Apparent Change of Light Source Position Relative to an Absolutely Moving Observer

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper we propose a profound connection between the Michelson-Morley ( MM ) experiment and the phenomenon of stellar aberration. A new crucial insight can explain both the MM experiment and stellar aberration: apparent change of light source position relative to an absolutely moving observer. We call this Apparent Source Theory (AST ).The apparent change in star position in Bradley's stellar aberration is because of observer's absolute motion, not because of relative motion. Likewise, the effect of absolute motion of the observer/detector in the MM experiment is to create an apparent change in position of the light source relative to the observer/detector. In AST the observer is the human observer or a device that directly detects the light. This is unlike the theory of relativity in which the observer is the person doing the experiments. Apparent change in position of the light source will result in only a small fringe shift for the same reason that an actual, physical change of source position will result in a small fringe shift. This new interpretation requires a significant revision of the current understanding of stellar aberration which has its basis in the classical law of addition of velocities. The direction of apparent change in star position is not in the same direction as the observer's absolute velocity, but in the opposite direction !
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[530] viXra:1907.0570 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 04:58:46

Color Images from Scattered Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Engineers at Duke University have developed a method for extracting a color image from a single exposure of light scattered through a mostly opaque material. [37] Physicists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, have devised a method to turn a non-magnetic metal into a magnet using laser light. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[529] viXra:1907.0569 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 05:24:06

SLAP Microscope Records

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

A new microscope breaks a long-standing speed limit, recording footage of brain activity 15 times faster than scientists once believed possible. [38] Engineers at Duke University have developed a method for extracting a color image from a single exposure of light scattered through a mostly opaque material. [37] Physicists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, have devised a method to turn a non-magnetic metal into a magnet using laser light. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[528] viXra:1907.0568 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 05:46:13

Evaluation of the Effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Flutamide

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Flutamide is used primarily to treat the prostate cancer, which blocks the action of exogenous testosterone by binding to the androgen receptor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of flutamide using the modern analytical technique. The flutamide sample was divided into control and treated part. The control part did not receive any Energy Treatment, while the treated part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -29.24% to 1.79% and 0.44% to 31.21% respectively; however, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 19.13% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The particle size values were altered by 0.12%(d10) 2.9%(d50), 7.52%(d90), and 5.81%{D(4,3)}, thus, the specific surface area was decreased by 0.55% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The melting point and latent heat of fusion of the treated sample were increased by 0.63% and 5.31%, respectively compared to the control sample. The total weight loss was decreased by 1.19%; however, the residue amount was increased by 1.18% in the treated flutamide compared with the control sample. The Biofield Energy Treatment might have generated a new polymorphic form of flutamide which would be more efficacious in the pharmaceutical formulations for the treatment of prostate cancer.
Category: Biochemistry

[527] viXra:1907.0567 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-30 05:46:49

Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol)

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 11 Pages.

Vitamin D3 is a fat-soluble vitamin, which helps in the absorption of minerals like calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, and phosphate and also responsible for other biological activity. The aim of the research work was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical, thermal, and behavioral properties of vitamin D3 using PSA, PXRD, DSC, and TGA/DTG analytical technique. The vitamin D3 powder sample was divided into two parts, one part of the sample was considered as control (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), while the other part was treated with the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values in the treated vitamin D3 powder sample were significantly decreased by 21.46%, 18.29%, 17.87%, and 18.11% at d10, d50, d90, and D(4,3) compared to the control sample. Thus, the specific surface area of the treated sample (0.0317 m2/g) was significantly increased by 16.97% compared to the control sample (0.0271 m2/g). The PXRD data showed that the peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated vitamin D3 powder sample were significantly altered ranging from -85.18% to 286.11% and -62.06% to 237%, respectively compared to the control sample. The average crystallite size of the treated sample(339.92 nm) was significantly decreased by 6.94% compared with the control sample (365.25 nm). The melting point and latent heat of fusion of the treated sample were slightly increased by 0.49% and 1.01%, respectively compared to the control sample. The total weight loss was decreased by 0.83%; hence the residue amount was significantly increased by 42.09% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature was significantly increased by 9.82% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment generates a new polymorphic form of vitamin D3 which might offer better solubility, dissolution, absorption, bioavailability, and be thermally more stable compared with the control sample. Hence, the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 would be more beneficial to maintain the overall quality of life and increase the intestinal absorption of several vital minerals like calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, and phosphate in the body. Similarly, it would be very much useful in designing novel nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations for the better therapeutic responses against hypovitaminosis D, rickets, osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, cancer, mental disorders, infections, multiple sclerosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[526] viXra:1907.0566 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 06:43:33

Stellar Metamorphosis: "Terraforming"? Mars

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 2 Pages. made possible by DARE (Daniel Archer Research Enterprise)

SpaceX wants to terraform Mars. Trying to make Mars more like Earth is akin to reverse engineering the natural evolution of Mars as per Stellar Metamorphosis (GTSM). Is it possible to turn back time and reverse engineer Mars? Is it a good idea to even attempt it?
Category: Astrophysics

[525] viXra:1907.0565 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 07:27:37

Genome History

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Toor explained that his team works to understand the evolutionary origins of 70 percent of human DNA—a portion made up of two types of genetic elements, which are both thought to have evolved from group II introns. [27] "Our goal is to ultimately be able to analyse all of a cell's signals," says János Vörös, Head of the Laboratory of Biosensors and Bioelectronics and last author of the publication. Nonetheless, the method can already be used to localise transport proteins in a living cell. [26] The team created nanostructures—in the shapes of triangles and squares—using stable proteinbuilding blocks. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[524] viXra:1907.0564 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 07:59:39

Protein in Spider Web Material

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. and Slovenia has found a previously unknown protein in the strongest known spider web material. [28] Toor explained that his team works to understand the evolutionary origins of 70 percent of human DNA—a portion made up of two types of genetic elements, which are both thought to have evolved from group II introns. [27] "Our goal is to ultimately be able to analyse all of a cell's signals," says János Vörös, Head of the Laboratory of Biosensors and Bioelectronics and last author of the publication. Nonetheless, the method can already be used to localise transport proteins in a living cell. [26]
Category: Physics of Biology

[523] viXra:1907.0563 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 08:23:38

Gene Regulates Sleep

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Since the complement of sleep-regulating neurons has been identified in flies, and they are similar to their human counterparts, we know where to look in the brain, and we will employ genetic and imaging methods to ask which neurons are activated by NKT secretion from astrocytes. [29] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. and Slovenia has found a previously unknown protein in the strongest known spider web material. [28] Toor explained that his team works to understand the evolutionary origins of 70 percent of human DNA—a portion made up of two types of genetic elements, which are both thought to have evolved from group II introns. [27]
Category: Physics of Biology

[522] viXra:1907.0562 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 08:44:24

Discovery How Planets Form

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Researchers at Dartmouth College have discovered a planet orbiting one of the brightest young stars known, according to a study published in the journal The Astrophysical Journal Letters. [37] Princeton University students are building the device, called a cubic satellite, or CubeSat, as a testbed for a miniaturized rocket thruster with unique capabilities being developed at PPPL. [36] A research team led by Osaka University showed how multiple overlapping laser beams are better at accelerating electrons to incredibly fast speeds, as compared with a single laser. [35]
Category: Astrophysics

[521] viXra:1907.0561 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 08:53:21

The Charge Conservation Principle and Pair Production

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 2 Pages.

This paper reflects on the charge conservation principle and - more particularly - how it does or doesn't fit in with Wheeler's 'mass without mass' concept.
Category: Quantum Physics

[520] viXra:1907.0560 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 11:20:42

A Hypothesis in Electrostatic Phenomenon

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to define electrostatic phenomenon being related to space-time curvature
Category: Classical Physics

[519] viXra:1907.0559 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 11:45:07

The Modern Electron is Slightly Heavier Than its Archaic Version: Why is This So ?

Authors: George R. briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: The modern 0.511 MeV electron was established by the start of the 3rd cyclic universe. Why it had its 0.511 - 0.5 modern vs.archaic mc^2 energy difference is the subject of this note.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[518] viXra:1907.0558 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-29 10:29:00

Proof of ∑(n=1,∞)(-1)^n=-1/2

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is a proof of ∑(n=1,∞)(-1)^n=-1/2.
Category: Number Theory

[517] viXra:1907.0557 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-29 07:09:28

Letters from Greece : Uniting all four Forces into one Force (From G.U.T. to T.O.E.)

Authors: Manfred U.E.Pohl
Comments: 5 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework "The Solution to the Problem of Time" [1] the author introduced the concept of time that must be used to unify Gravity and Electromagnetism. In previous papers "The Holografic Universe Visualisation of Big Bang and Black Holes United Gravity and EM" [2] and "The Crisis in Physics as Result of Theory of General Relativity" [3] the author explained Gravity as underlying concept of EM. In this paper the author explaines how to combine all four know forces into one concept of force. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Grand Unified Theory, GOD, Book of Revelation to John
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[516] viXra:1907.0556 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 22:43:43

Do People in Physics Have a Responsibility to Inform the Public? (Slides)

Authors: Jonathan J. Dickau
Comments: 24 Pages. Slides for a talk given at FFP15, fulfilling a promise made to Pete Seeger.

In the present day; industrial accidents or natural disasters occur, and Physics-related questions arise, with increasing frequency. Do scientists have a responsibility to inform the public, when we are well-informed and others are lacking knowledge? Should we also safeguard certain information, in order to protect the public from harm? Unfortunately; people in positions of authority - both in business and in government - are too often lacking what many would consider a basic knowledge of Physics principles, so they need insight and information we have, to make informed decisions. But for many researchers; it is unwise or unsafe to speak out. And yet; when our leaders say they are powerless to fix things, as they have no better answers, we who know there are better answers need to acknowledge that we have failed to empower those leaders or our fellow citizens. Some are looking for ways to change this situation. The Azimuth Project, founded by physicist John Baez, attempts to provide a way for scientists and engineers to aid or save the Environment with their knowledge. Much of the information available on environmental issues is confusing or opinionated, and a Wiki, a Forum, and a Library of analysis software and information devoted to the subject assist in correcting this problem. This provides a clear example of how scientists can keep the public properly informed, and an opportunity to do so.
Category: Education and Didactics

[515] viXra:1907.0554 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 23:17:01

The Norm-Offensive

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 6 Pages.

Basic to knowledge space.
Category: Social Science

[514] viXra:1907.0553 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 04:36:43

Impact of Biofield Energy Healing Treatment: Evaluation of Anti-Rheumatoid Activity Using Synovial Sarcoma Cell Line (SW982)

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

The present research was performed to monitor the anti-rheumatoid action of Consciousness Energy Healing based DMEM medium using synovial sarcoma cell line, SW982. The study included the evaluation of bone health potential using inflammatory parameter, IL-8. The test item (DMEM medium) was divided into three parts, first part received a one-time Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi and was labeled as the one-time Biofield Energy Treated (BT-I) DMEM, while second part received the two-times the Biofield Energy Treatment and is denoted as BT-II DMEM. The third part did not receive any treatment and defined as the untreated DMEM group. Cell viability assay using MTT method showed that the cell viability of SW982 cells was 113.8% and 88.3% in the BT-I and BT-II groups, respectively. The BT-I group demonstrated significant (p≤0.001) inhibition of IL-8 by 27.74%, while BT-II group also showed a significant (p≤0.001) inhibition of IL-8 by 45.66% as compared to the untreated DMEM group. In conclusion, the data suggested that the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment significantly inhibited the pro-inflammatory cytokine (IL-8) that showed anti-rheumatic action and can also be used in other bone and inflammatory disorders such as osteoporosis, Paget’s disease of bone, rickets, deformed bones, osteomalacia, osteoma, stress, aging, bone loss, and fractures along with autoimmune disorders and overall quality of life.
Category: Biochemistry

[513] viXra:1907.0552 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-29 04:37:12

Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Chromium Trioxide (CrO3)

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Chromium trioxide (CrO3) is a very hygroscopic, toxic and powerful oxidizing material. It has many industrial applications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on the physicochemical properties of CrO3 using PSA, PXRD, and DSC analytical techniques. The CrO3 test sample was divided into two parts. One part of CrO3 was considered as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), while other parts of CrO3 received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a distinguished Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values of the treated CrO3 were increased by 71.13% (d10), 2.09% (d50), and 0.03% {D (4, 3)}, but decreased by 10.86% at d90 compared to the control sample. The specific surface area of the treated CrO3 was significantly decreased by 63.76% compared with the control sample. The powder XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated CrO3 were significantly altered ranging from -27.64% to 30.72% and -46.14% to 136.44%, respectively; however, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 17.65% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion the treated CrO3 powder was significantly increased by 16.02% compared with the control sample. The experimental results indicated that the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have included a new polymorphic form of CrO3 which may show better powder flowability and lower solubility. Thus, it may lower the absorption and toxicity of CrO3 on inhalation, ingestion, contact to skin and eye, chronic exposure, and aggravation of pre-existing conditions. As well the Dahryn’s Consciousness Energy Healing Treated CrO3 would be very useful for the industry manufacturing the synthetic rubies, aerospace parts, stripping agent of anodic coatings, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[512] viXra:1907.0550 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 10:07:01

The Real Numbers are Denumerable in Level Set Theory

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 1 Page. This paper contains the simplest possible mapping of the set of natural numbers to the real numbers.

We show Cantor’s diagonal argument has an invalid premise. We create a non-hierarchical Level Set Theory by setting 1/(Aleph_null) = 0. We prove that the real numbers have the same cardinality as the set of natural numbers, by showing that the power set of the natural numbers has the same cardinality as the natural numbers. This shows there is a one to one mapping from the set of natural numbers to the real numbers, making the real numbers a denumerable set.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[511] viXra:1907.0549 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-21 08:41:01

Emergent Cosmological Constant from a Holographic Mass/Energy Distribution

Authors: Ankur S. Bhatt, F.M. Becker
Comments: 13 Pages.

A new methodology is introduced suggesting that an exact cosmological constant is theoretically and numerically derived and described as the squared ratio of Planck length and the particle horizon radius. Additionally, equations relating the sterile neutrino mass, Planck mass and mass of the universe are established. Furthermore, the mass of the universe can be derived as encoded information located on the cosmic horizon. Finally, a relationship of the Hubble radius and comoving radius is reviewed. This hypothesis is tested for convergence for an overall flat curvature using the Friedmann equations.
Category: Classical Physics

[510] viXra:1907.0548 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 14:20:44

Pulsars and Special Relativity

Authors: Edward G. Lake
Comments: 8 Pages.

The mistaken belief held by countless mathematicians that light always arrives at c for all observers can be easily demonstrated to be totally false by observing pulsars at different times of the year. Where v is the speed of an observer on earth, light from pulsars will arrive at c+v when the earth is moving toward the pulsar and at c-v when the earth is moving away from the pulsar.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[509] viXra:1907.0547 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 15:33:13

Galilean Transformations of Vectors

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 6, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

This paper deals with the orthonormal transformation of vectors of the 4-dimensional Galilean space. Such transformations are transformations of rotation and transition to a moving coordinate system. Formulas and matrices of these transformations are given. The transition from one coordinate system to another, moving relative to the first, did long before the theory of relativity. The natural space for "transitions from one coordinate system to another" is the Galilean space. It is the space of classical mechanics. This paper focuses on the 4-dimensional interpretation of such transformations. В данной работе рассмотрены вопросы ортонормированного преобразования векторов 4-мерного галилеева пространства. Такими преобразованиями являются преобразования поворота и перехода в движущуюся систему координат. Даны формулы и матрицы этих преобразований
Category: Geometry

[508] viXra:1907.0546 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 15:35:48

Galilean Transformations of Tenzors

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 9, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

This paper deals with the orthonormal transformation of the tensors of the 4-dimensional Galilean space. Such transformations are transformations of rotation and transition to a moving coordinate system. Formulas and matrices of these transformations are given. The transition from one coordinate system to another, moving relative to the first, did long before the theory of relativity. The natural space for "transitions from one coordinate system to another" is the Galilean space. It is the space of classical mechanics. This paper focuses on the 4-dimensional interpretation of such transformations. В данной работе рассмотрены вопросы ортонормированного преобразования тензоров 4-мерного галилеева пространства. Такими преобразованиями являются преобразования поворота и перехода в движущуюся систему координат. Даны формулы и матрицы этих преобразований
Category: Geometry

[507] viXra:1907.0545 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 15:41:02

Metrics Galileia Space

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 6, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

This paper deals with the definition of conjugate vectors and three types of metrics: (dt, dl, ds) in 3+1 and 4–dimensional Galilean spaces. In Galilean space it is possible to introduce three types of orthonormal metrics: 1) spatial dl2 = dri*dri, 2) time dt = dt or dt2 = dt0*dt0 and 3) wave ds2 = dt2 – dl2. В данной работе рассмотрены вопросы определения сопряженных векторов и трех видов метрик: (dt, dl, ds) в 3+1 и 4–мерном галилеевых пространствах
Category: Geometry

[506] viXra:1907.0544 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-03 16:44:48

Accretion and Ablation During Stellar Evolution: How Old is Mercury? V.2

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 6 Pages. some handwritten calculations and notes included

As stars accrete material in their interiors to form "planets", they ablate their thick atmospheres. This means accretion and ablation happen simultaneously during stellar evolution. Much more material is ablated than accreted at first during the process of planet formation, though eventually all material is ablated over time. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[505] viXra:1907.0543 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 20:40:04

Refutation of the Algebra of Binary Relations as Basis of Free Kleene Algebras with Domain

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The definitions for composition of relations and set-theoretic union are not tautologous. This refutes the algebra of binary relations on which is based the free Kleene algebras with domain, to form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[504] viXra:1907.0541 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 01:15:49

Sound Particles with Quantum Microphone

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Stanford physicists have developed a "quantum microphone" so sensitive that it can measure individual particles of sound, called phonons. [39] A team of researchers from the Universities of Manchester, Nottingham and Loughborough has discovered a quantum phenomenon that helps to understand the fundamental limits of graphene electronics. [38] The authors suggest the magnetism, called orbital ferromagnetism, could prove useful for certain applications, such as quantum computing. [37] Scientists from the Skoltech Center for Photonics and Quantum Materials (CPQM) have developed a novel method to fine-tune the optoelectrical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) by applying an aerosolized dopant solution on their surface, thus opening up new avenues for SWCNT application in optoelectronics. [36] A DGIST research team discovered a theory that can expand the development of valleytronics technology, which has been drawing attention as a next generation semiconductor technology. [35] To produce the new ultra-thin transistor, calcium fluoride was selected as the insulating material. [34] University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field's hottest material-beta-gallium oxide-to their arsenal. [33] Transistors are tiny switches that form the bedrock of modern computing; billions of them route electrical signals around inside a smartphone, for instance. Quantum computers will need analogous hardware to manipulate quantum information. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[503] viXra:1907.0540 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-28 02:51:47

Gravity the Golden Ratio and Biconical Radiating Structures

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 5 Pages.

The contemporary theory of gravity ignores the presence of the Golden Ratio that is in the structure of atoms, spiral galaxies, our DNA, and many biological forms. There is a lack of convention on how golden ratio plant spirals are described. The difficulty in identifying the mechanism that causes gravity is compounded by not challenging century old theories that were accepted when information about electromagnetic waves and their interaction with particles and plasma were incomplete. Theories concerning electromagnetic waves are being taught without mentioning contemporary research findings, which can influence consideration whether gravity is related to the electromagnetic phenomenon.
Category: Classical Physics

[502] viXra:1907.0538 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 06:51:17

Physics from Social Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

The researchers say their new technique is the first to relate multitudes of particle collisions to each other, similar to a social network. [43] Now, a team of Virginia Tech chemistry and physics researchers have advanced quantum simulation by devising an algorithm that can more efficiently calculate the properties of molecules on a noisy quantum computer. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[501] viXra:1907.0537 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 07:12:00

Characterization of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of the Biofield Energy Treated Flutamide Using Psa, PXRD, Tga/dtg, and DSC Analytical Techniques

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Flutamide is an antiandrogen drug that blocks the action of testosterone by binding to the androgen receptor. This study was designed to determine the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Energy of Consciousness Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of flutamide. The test sample was divided into two parts, i.e., control and treated sample. The control part was known as untreated sample, while the treated part remotely received the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The study showed that the particle size values were significantly increased by 15.82%(d10), 16.36%(d50), 1.05%(d90), and 5.10% {D (4, 3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly decreased by 14.56% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from 7.02% to 29.41% and -9.17% to 17.86%, along with 2.84% increase in the average crystallite size in the treated flutamide compared to the control sample. The residue weight was significantly decreased by 64.16%; however, the maximum thermal degradation temperature was increased by 10.16% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of the treated sample reduced by 9.37% compared with the control sample. The results revealed the significant alteration in the crystallinity, particle size and thermal stability of the treated sample as compared to the untreated sample. Thus, the Biofield Energy Treated flutamide might improve the flowability, and compatibility compared with the untreated sample, that may help in designing a better pharmaceutical formulation in terms of its performance against various diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[500] viXra:1907.0536 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 07:12:25

Solid State Characterization for a Comparative Evaluation of the Biofield Energy Treated and Un-treated Ascorbic Acid

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Ascorbic acid is a water-soluble vitamin that mainly acts as an antioxidant and helps in controlling and maintaining various body functions. The study was designed to analyze the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of ascorbic acid by using sophisticated analytical techniques. For the study, the test sample ascorbic acid was divided into the control and treated sample. To the control sample, no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided. However, the treated sample received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by the renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton, USA. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated sample significantly altered ranging from -78.43% to 1168.06% and -62.38% to 126.83%, respectively; along with 24.99% decrease in the average crystallite size as compared to the control sample. The particle size values in the treated sample by 9.59% (d10), 21.63% (d50), 16.55% (d90), and 17.97% {D(4,3)}, respectively; hence the specific surface area was increased by 16.67% compared to the control sample. The weight loss was increased by 6.67%; however, the residue amount was found to be significantly decreased by 28.59% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The Tmax of the treated sample corresponding to 1st and 2nd peaks were decreased by 0.33% and 4.09%, respectively as compared to the control sample. Moreover, the latent heat of fusion was significantly increased by 13.74% as compared to the control sample. Besides, the degradation temperature and ΔHdecomposition of the treated sample were significantly reduced by 6.54% and 20.46%, respectively, as compared to the control sample. The Trivedi Effect® might help in forming a novel polymorphic form of ascorbic acid that may also prove to be more soluble, absorbable, and bioavailable than the untreated sample. Thus, the Trivedi Effect® might be considered as a novel approach for designing the more efficacious ascorbic acid containing nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations.
Category: Biochemistry

[499] viXra:1907.0535 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 07:22:07

Quantum Trick for Graphene

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

The authors suggest the magnetism, called orbital ferromagnetism, could prove useful for certain applications, such as quantum computing. [37] Scientists from the Skoltech Center for Photonics and Quantum Materials (CPQM) have developed a novel method to fine-tune the optoelectrical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) by applying an aerosolized dopant solution on their surface, thus opening up new avenues for SWCNT application in optoelectronics. [36] A DGIST research team discovered a theory that can expand the development of valleytronics technology, which has been drawing attention as a next generation semiconductor technology. [35] To produce the new ultra-thin transistor, calcium fluoride was selected as the insulating material. [34] University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field's hottest material-beta-gallium oxide-to their arsenal. [33] Transistors are tiny switches that form the bedrock of modern computing; billions of them route electrical signals around inside a smartphone, for instance. Quantum computers will need analogous hardware to manipulate quantum information. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[498] viXra:1907.0534 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 08:31:02

Elementary Sums

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

We recall some Elementary sums for Pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[497] viXra:1907.0533 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 08:33:19

Hypergeometric Function Identities pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 4 Pages.

We give some identities for Pi.
Category: Number Theory

[496] viXra:1907.0532 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 08:32:39

Single-Chain Protein Nanostructures

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

The team created nanostructures—in the shapes of triangles and squares—using stable proteinbuilding blocks. [25] A single-molecule imaging technique, called protein-induced fluorescence enhancement (PIFE), has gained traction in recent years as a popular tool for observing DNA–protein interactions with nanometer precision. [24] Researchers from Harvard University and the Broad Institute’s Stanley Centre for Psychiatric Research have developed reproducible brain organoids for the first time. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[495] viXra:1907.0531 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 08:35:13

Pi , Three Series

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

We give three series for Pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[494] viXra:1907.0530 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 09:02:52

Quantum Phenomenon of Graphene

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

A team of researchers from the Universities of Manchester, Nottingham and Loughborough has discovered a quantum phenomenon that helps to understand the fundamental limits of graphene electronics. [38] The authors suggest the magnetism, called orbital ferromagnetism, could prove useful for certain applications, such as quantum computing. [37] Scientists from the Skoltech Center for Photonics and Quantum Materials (CPQM) have developed a novel method to fine-tune the optoelectrical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) by applying an aerosolized dopant solution on their surface, thus opening up new avenues for SWCNT application in optoelectronics. [36] A DGIST research team discovered a theory that can expand the development of valleytronics technology, which has been drawing attention as a next generation semiconductor technology. [35] To produce the new ultra-thin transistor, calcium fluoride was selected as the insulating material. [34] University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field's hottest material-beta-gallium oxide-to their arsenal. [33] Transistors are tiny switches that form the bedrock of modern computing; billions of them route electrical signals around inside a smartphone, for instance. Quantum computers will need analogous hardware to manipulate quantum information. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[493] viXra:1907.0529 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 09:50:08

Whisper of Individual Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

"Our goal is to ultimately be able to analyse all of a cell's signals," says János Vörös, Head of the Laboratory of Biosensors and Bioelectronics and last author of the publication. Nonetheless, the method can already be used to localise transport proteins in a living cell. [26] The team created nanostructures—in the shapes of triangles and squares—using stable proteinbuilding blocks. [25] A single-molecule imaging technique, called protein-induced fluorescence enhancement (PIFE), has gained traction in recent years as a popular tool for observing DNA–protein interactions with nanometer precision. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[492] viXra:1907.0527 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 10:43:36

Sense Theory. Sense Function

Authors: Egger Mielberg
Comments: 12 Pages.

The Sense Theory is not a part of traditional mathematics. It is a new paradigm of how we can formalize complex cognitive processes of the human brain. The basis of the theory is a sense function which determines sense conformity between a set of objects or/and events and a single subject (described object/event). The sense function has a series of unique properties that can help find associative connections between trillions different-type objects/events. By the function, we can investigate a whole process of forming a single sense of big data set of different business or scientific events.
Category: General Mathematics

[491] viXra:1907.0525 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 12:34:20

A Theory of Second Order Linear Variable Coefficient Equations

Authors: Ayéna Vignon Régis Yehossou, Marcellin Nonti, Jean Akande, Marc Delphin Monsia
Comments: 2 pages

A class of second order linear variable differential equations which may exhibit elementary function solutions is developed in this paper. It is shown that this class includes as special case the equation record in Kamke’s book as equation 2. 80.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[490] viXra:1907.0523 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 17:15:14

A Summary Of My Research -Part 3- (Relativistic Effects Discussion)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 21 Pages.

Abstract Research 2nd Hypothesis There Are Relativistic Effects In The Solar Group I claim we can't observe the higher velocity which causes these relativistic effects, but we can prove its existence by discovering its relativistic effects The solar group relativistic effects are proved by the following proves: 1-The repeated using of 1.0725 as a rate between solar planets data 2-Time & Distance Equivalence 3-Planets Velocities Total 4-Earth Moon Orbital Geometrical Rules 5-Earth Moon Motion 6-Earth Moon Motion Effects On Our Vision 7-Energy has different forms Please Note This study is (Part 3) of the same series – please review A Summary Of My Research A Summary Of My Research -Part 2- (Matter Creation Discussion)
Category: Astrophysics

[489] viXra:1907.0522 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 20:33:20

Correspondence With Professors

Authors: Richard J Benish
Comments: Pages.

Given a well-isolated body of matter (e.g., a uniformly dense sphere) with a hole through its center, what happens when a test mass is dropped into the hole? Galileo is perhaps the most illustrious figure to have posed the problem. In his recent book, Going Underground, Martin Beech has echoed the ubiquity of the idea in modern physics, writing that "it has become a right-of-passage kind of question." Unfortunately, the only answers we have are abstract predictions; we have no empirical observations to match the predictions, even though modern technology has for decades made the test quite feasible. Humans have never yet witnessed gravity-induced radial motion through the centers of massive bodies. Since the 1960s several proposals have been made (to measure Newton's constant G) that would have incidentally tested the well-known oscillation prediction. But none of these experiments have ever been performed. For many years I have been urging members of the physics community to at last turn the "right-of-passage" thought experiment into a real experiment. This collection of correspondence comprises a wide range of authoritative responses to my plea. Promising though some of the responses may have seemed, Galileo's experiment yet remains undone. As is often stated in the correspondence, this failure, this gap in our empirical knowledge of gravity represents an unacceptable state of affairs. It is an embarrassment to academic physics.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[488] viXra:1907.0521 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-26 22:32:15

Infinity and Pythagorean Theorem

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

Introducing infinity into the Pythagorean theorem provides the Pythagorean theorem even for triangles that are not right triangles.
Category: Number Theory

[487] viXra:1907.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 20:57:41

Planet Motion Trajectory is NOT An Ellipse

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

Planet Motion Trajectory is NOT An Ellipse Main Idea I- Why The Moon Motion Is An Elliptical (or Circular) Trajectory? -Earth moves daily a distance =2.58 mkm -Earth motion direction is straight trajectory approximately declines by 0.9856 degrees daily to complete 360 degrees during 365.25 day completing a full revolution around the sun -The moon has to move by this same data to save his connection with Earth (otherwise The Moon and Earth will be separated from each other) Shortly -Earth moves in straight trajectory with decline 0.985 degrees – the moon motion trajectory can't be a circular or an elliptical trajectory otherwise he will loss the Earth and will separate from her Let's explain more clearly -Earth Motion Trajectory is a straight line approximately (daily) because Earth motion declines only 0.985 degrees from the horizontal…. The moon can't move in any circular or elliptical trajectory around Earth –because if he does that earth and moon will be separated from each other! -But we see the moon moves in elliptical trajectory during the month, revolving around Earth a complete revolution! How to understand that Because It's A Wrong Vision -The Moon Motion effects On Our Vision and forces us to see any planet motion trajectory as an ellipse -The moon himself doesn't move in any elliptical trajectory but the moon motion effects negatively on our vision and forces us to see the moon motion trajectory as an elliptical trajectory… Conclusion Solar Planet Motion Trajectory Is Not An Ellipse – But We See It As An Ellipse Because Of The Moon Motion Effects On Our Vision
Category: Astrophysics

[486] viXra:1907.0518 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 00:25:15

A Re-interpretation of the Equation of General Relativity

Authors: Naresh Jotwani
Comments: Six pages. Keywords: Spacetime; spacetime curvature; spacetime dynamics; general relativity.

The basic equation of general relativity is re-interpreted such that, at every spacetime point, the matter-energy tensor is defined by the relevant curvature tensor. It is shown that the equation of a geodesic, which is also the equation of motion, then becomes the basic equation governing spacetime dynamics. Implications of the proposed re-interpretation are developed for an elementary – or indivisible – space¬time entity. The properties of mass, spin and charge are thereby seen to have a natural interpretation. A simple experiment is suggested which can corroborate or refute the proposed interpretation, and other implications of the re-interpretation are briefly discussed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[485] viXra:1907.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 02:49:25

Mini Satellite Space Exploration

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Princeton University students are building the device, called a cubic satellite, or CubeSat, as a testbed for a miniaturized rocket thruster with unique capabilities being developed at PPPL. [36] A research team led by Osaka University showed how multiple overlapping laser beams are better at accelerating electrons to incredibly fast speeds, as compared with a single laser. [35] In a major step toward developing portable scanners that can rapidly measure molecules in pharmaceuticals or classify tissue in patients' skin, researchers have created an imaging system that uses lasers small and efficient enough to fit on a microchip. [34]
Category: Astrophysics

[484] viXra:1907.0516 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 02:54:18

An Interesting Introduction & Simple Suggestion Using [ Eta Language/x-Machines/mongo Db/basex Db/jikesrvm(rvm – Research Virtual Machine)/jvm/java/gcspytool ] in the Context of DNA Sequencing Concepts Towards Implementation of [ Iot/hpc/osgi ]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Interesting Introduction & Simple Suggestion Using [ ETA Language/X-Machines/Mongo DB/BaseX DB/JikesRVM(RVM – Research Virtual Machine)/JVM/Java/GCSpyTool ] in the Context of DNA Sequencing Concepts towards Implementation of [ IoT/HPC/OSGI ] Heterogeneous Computing Environments for Next Generation Bio-informatics R&D.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[483] viXra:1907.0515 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 03:09:34

Excitonic in 2-D Semiconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Investigating the remarkable excitonic effects in two-dimensional (2-D) semiconductors and controlling their exciton binding energies can unlock the full potential of 2-D materials for future applications in photonic and optoelectronic devices. [37] Scientists from the Skoltech Center for Photonics and Quantum Materials (CPQM) have developed a novel method to fine-tune the optoelectrical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) by applying an aerosolized dopant solution on their surface, thus opening up new avenues for SWCNT application in optoelectronics. [36] A DGIST research team discovered a theory that can expand the development of valleytronics technology, which has been drawing attention as a next generation semiconductor technology. [35] To produce the new ultra-thin transistor, calcium fluoride was selected as the insulating material. [34] University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field's hottest material-beta-gallium oxide-to their arsenal. [33] Transistors are tiny switches that form the bedrock of modern computing; billions of them route electrical signals around inside a smartphone, for instance. Quantum computers will need analogous hardware to manipulate quantum information. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[482] viXra:1907.0514 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 03:39:28

Supercomputers Turbulence Question

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

Advanced simulations have solved a problem in turbulent fluid flow that could lead to more efficient turbines and engines. [43] Now, a team of Virginia Tech chemistry and physics researchers have advanced quantum simulation by devising an algorithm that can more efficiently calculate the properties of molecules on a noisy quantum computer. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: Condensed Matter

[481] viXra:1907.0513 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 04:03:44

Smartlens Shaping Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

In this approach, coined Smartlens, a current is passed through a well-optimized micrometer-scale resistor, and the heating locally changes the optical properties of the transparent polymer plate holding the resistor. [37] A new terahertz imaging technique could help slow the spread of these infestations by detecting insect damage inside wood before it becomes visible on the outside. [36] A research team led by Osaka University showed how multiple overlapping laser beams are better at accelerating electrons to incredibly fast speeds, as compared with a single laser. [35]
Category: Condensed Matter

[480] viXra:1907.0512 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 04:24:44

Galilei, Newton, Bohr, Heisenberg, Maxwell, Einstein, Feynman and Vlcek

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 10 Pages. Einstein made a major mistake. The author proves it in revaluation Kaufmann’s, Fizeau’s and Harres’s experiments in light of the new theory (intensity of moving charge, non-linear form of the interference field, etc.).

"The difference between a good experiment and a good theory is in the fact that the theory gets old quickly and it is replaced by another one, based on more perfect ideas. It will be forgotten quickly. The experiment is something else. The experiment, which has been thought well and performed carefully, will step in the science forever. It will become its part. It is possible to explain such experiment differently in different periods of times." P. L. KAPICA 1.2 Galileo Galilei •The first law (the law of inertia), in a less clear form, was published by Galileo. It should be noted that Galileo allowed free movement not only along a straight line, but also along a circle (apparently from astronomical considerations). Galileo also formulated the most important principle of relativity •1996: Let’s have a real coordinates system firmly connected with a real laboratory on Earth, where all experiments testing the physical theories are performed. We know that this coordinates system moves around the Earth axis during an astronomical day i. e. it performs a quasi-circular motion. During the year it rotates around the Sun approximately in a quasi-circle together with the Earth. During 2*10^8 years it circulates in the quasi-circle around the center of the Galaxy. It performs a quasi-uniform motion in a quasi-circle together with the Sun. •The Galaxy performs a quasi-uniform and quasi-circle motion around the center within the framework of metagalaxies of star clusters and our laboratory coordinates system on Earth together with it, etc. •From the experimental testing of the law of inertia it is known that the body moves along the "plane" stated by a waterlevel, i. e. in fact it is not a straight-line uniform motion, but it is the motion in the circle of the Earth radius of R=6378 km.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[479] viXra:1907.0511 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 04:21:14

Infinity and Pythagorean Theory

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

Introducing infinity into the Pythagorean theorem provides the Pythagorean theorem even for triangles that are not right triangles.
Category: Number Theory

[478] viXra:1907.0510 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 04:23:10

New Theory of Gravity

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to define gravity as a similar phenomenon as electrostatic phenomenon
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[477] viXra:1907.0509 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 04:21:21

Droplets Walk Across Liquid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

When a container of silicone oil or other similar liquid is vertically shaken at a regular frequency, 1-millimeter-sized droplets of the same liquid placed on the liquid's surface appear to "walk" across the surface at speeds of about 1 cm/second, propelled by their own waves. [33] Almost all living organisms from bacteria to humans have gate-like protein complexes in their cell membranes that get rid of unwanted or life-threatening molecules. [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[476] viXra:1907.0508 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 04:26:43

In vitro Evaluation of Immunomodulatory Effects of the Test Formulation by the Estimation of Natural Killer Cells and Phagocytosis Activities

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 10 Pages.

Although the immunomodulatory effects of vitamins, minerals, and many herbs per se have been extensively studied, while research related to possible immunomodulatory effects of a combined formulation is relatively scarce. Here, the potential immunomodulatory effects of the combination of eight components viz. zinc chloride, ferrous sulfate, sodium selenate, nanocurcumin, copper chloride, magnesium gluconate, vitamin C, and vitamin D3 were investigated. These components are widely used in therapeutic, cosmetics and dietary supplements. The current study investigated the in vitro immunomodulatory effect of a Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treated nanocurcumin-based test formulation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced natural killer (NK) cells activity in splenocytes cell-line co-incubated with mouse lymphoma cell line (Yac-1). The formulation was divided into two parts, in which one part of the formulation was received the Biofield Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Mr. Mahendra Kumar Trivedi and was defined as the Biofield Energy Treated sample, while the other part was denoted as the untreated test sample. Cell viability using MTT assay in mouse splenocytes showed more than 98% cells were viable upto 10.4 µg/mL of the tested concentrations, indicating that the test formulation was safe and nontoxic. The NK cells activity was measured in cell supernatants using ELISA. The NK cells activity was significantly altered by 26.73%, 11.82%, 7.64%, 0.36% and 36.36% in the untreated formulation group at 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5.2, and 10.4 µg/mL, respectively compared to the vehicle control (VC) group. Further, Biofield Energy Treated test formulation exhibited 39.64%, 8.18%, 17.27%, 51.93% and 42.55% alteration of the NK cells activity at the concentrations of 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5.2, and 10.4 µg/mL, respectively compared to the VC group. Moreover, the cell viability of the test formulation was assessed in RAW 264.7 (Mouse Macrophage Cell Line) for phagocytosis activity was safe upto 13.3 µg/mL with >90% on cell viability. The phagocytosis assay data showed that at two concentrations (1.3 and 7.6 µg/mL) the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation improved extent of phagocytosis by 6.31% and 5.91%, respectively compared to the untreated test formulation group. In summary, the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation may have indeed immunomodulatory effect by enhanced NK cells activity and extent of phagocytosis responses. These observations indicated that the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation has the potential effects through modulating the expression of NK cells function and phagocytosis and might be developed as a useful anti-inflammatory product for various inflammatory disorders.
Category: Biochemistry

[475] viXra:1907.0507 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 04:36:06

How to Make Theoretical Physics Valid for the Longest

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 18 Pages. Einstein's theory works only for v < 0.1c.

To construct Theoretical Physics ONLY ON EXPERIMENTAL BASICS. „The first principle is that you must not fool yourself and you are the easiest person to fool.“ R. P. FEYNMAN "The difference between a good experiment and a good theory is in the fact that the theory gets old quickly and it is replaced by another one, based on more perfect ideas. It will be forgotten quickly. The experiment is something else. The experiment, which has been thought well and performed carefully, will step in the science forever. It will become its part. It is possible to explain such experiment differently in different periods of times." P. L. KAPICA
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[474] viXra:1907.0506 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 04:27:10

Assessment of Bone Health Biomarker (ALP) after Treatment with Biofield Energy Treated DMEM in MG-63 Cells

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

The aim was to examine the effect of Biofield Treated DMEM on bone health in MG-63 cells. Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium was used as a test sample in this study and divided into two parts. First part received Biofield Treatment by Mahendra Kumar Trivedi and was labeled as the one-time Biofield Energy Treated (BT-I) DMEM, while the second part received two-times Biofield Treatment and denoted as BT-II. MTT assay was studied for cell viability, which was found as more than 73.9% in MG-63 cell line, which indicated with a safe and non-toxic profile. The bone health parameter, the level of ALP was significantly (p≤0.001) increased by 42.86% in both BT-I and BT-II groups compared with the untreated DMEM group. Thus, the data suggested that the Biofield Treated DMEM significantly improved ALP level, which can be used for the management of osteoporosis, deformed bones, bone and/or joint pain, rickets, osteoma, osteomalacia, aging, hormonal imbalance, and stress.
Category: Biochemistry

[473] viXra:1907.0505 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 04:42:47

Science from History to Future

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 24 Pages. Galileo allowed free movement not only along a straight line, but also along a circle (apparently from astronomical considerations).

1. INERTIA 2. Form of the interference field 3. CORRECTED Maswell's equations 4. Corrected Newton´s Laws of Motion 5. Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values: Kinetic energy against direction of motion as wave Tkin ad = mc2 [ln |1+v/c|- (v/c)/(1+v/c)] Kinetic energy in direction of motion as particle Tkin id = mc2 [ln|1-v/c|+ (v/c)/(1-v/c)]
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[472] viXra:1907.0504 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-27 06:13:15

Liberation from Energy Sources

Authors: Ben Dunkan
Comments: 1 Page.

Richard P. Feynman in his book "Lectures on Computation" was discussing about energy sources in the nature and finally he wrote "Therefore it is up to the physicists to figure out how to liberate us from the need for having energy. It can be done". This article suggests a possible way of such liberation.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[471] viXra:1907.0503 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 06:32:58

Refutation of a Formula for Systems of Boolean Polynomials to Parameterized Complexity

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Three formulas defining Boolean polynomial arithmetic are not tautologous, to refute the conjecture. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[470] viXra:1907.0502 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 06:54:50

Quantum Uncertainty Solve Problem

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

Now, researchers at the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter in Hamburg have solved one of the longstanding problems in the field, namely, how a certain symmetry can be restored. [45] Researchers at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory have invented an innovative way for different types of quantum technology to "talk" to each other using sound. [44] Quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) is an important branch of quantum communication, based on the principles of quantum mechanics for the direct transmission of classified information. [43] The deluge of cyberattacks sweeping across the world has governments and companies thinking about new ways to protect their digital systems, and the corporate and state secrets stored within. [42] The Pentagon on Friday said there has been a cyber breach of Defense Department travel records that compromised the personal information and credit card data of U.S. military and civilian personnel. [41] Quantum secure direct communication transmits secret information directly without encryption. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39] Research in the quantum optics lab of Prof. Barak Dayan in the Weizmann Institute of Science may be bringing the development of such computers one step closer by providing the "quantum gates" that are required for communication within and between such quantum computers. [38] Calculations of a quantum system's behavior can spiral out of control when they involve more than a handful of particles. [37] Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have reached a new milestone on the way to optical computing, or the use of light instead of electricity for computing. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[469] viXra:1907.0500 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 07:35:07

Detecting Carcinogenic Foods

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Specialists at the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI and institutional collaborators have proposed a concept of hypersensitive sensory transducers (Fourier nano transducers) that could drastically revolutionise ultrasensitive control in biomedicine and a whole range of other spheres. [26] A pair of researchers in Caltech's Division of Engineering and Applied Science are working on an entirely new form of treatment-microrobots that can deliver drugs to specific spots inside the body while being monitored and controlled from outside the body. [25] The researchers showed that the nanoparticles modify the immune function in tumors, and when combined with irradiation, can almost completely inhibit tumor growth. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[468] viXra:1907.0499 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 08:12:44

Safer Nanomedicines

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Dr. Jie Zheng believes he's turned a barrier into a bridge when it comes to nanomedicine implementation. [27] Specialists at the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI and institutional collaborators have proposed a concept of hypersensitive sensory transducers (Fourier nano transducers) that could drastically revolutionise ultrasensitive control in biomedicine and a whole range of other spheres. [26] A pair of researchers in Caltech's Division of Engineering and Applied Science are working on an entirely new form of treatment—microrobots that can deliver drugs to specific spots inside the body while being monitored and controlled from outside the body. [25]
Category: Biochemistry

[467] viXra:1907.0498 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 09:08:45

Sixth Generation Cellular Network

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Future wireless data networks will have to reach higher transmission rates and shorter delays, while supplying an increasing number of end devices. [21] Researchers at Northwestern University, the University of Bath, and the University of Sydney have developed a new network approach to topic models, machine learning strategies that can discover abstract topics and semantic structures within text documents. [20] To achieve remarkable results in computer vision tasks, deep learning algorithms need to be trained on large-scale annotated datasets that include extensive informationabout every image. [19] Brian Mitchell and Linda Petzold, two researchers at the University of California, have recently applied model-free deep reinforcement learning to models of neural dynamics, achieving very promising results. [18]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[466] viXra:1907.0497 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 09:37:48

Lumpy Superconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Finally, we can look at a key property of superconductivity that previously couldn't be seen." [32] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have found that crystals of a recently discovered superconducting material, a layered bismuth chalcogenide with a four-fold symmetric structure, shows only twofold symmetry in its superconductivity. [31] Russian physicist Viktor Lakhno from Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, RAS considers symmetrical bipolarons as a basis of high-temperature superconductivity. [30] Scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have shown that copper-based superconductors, or cuprates-the first class of materials found to carry electricity with no loss at relatively high temperatures-contain fluctuating stripes of electron charge and spin that meander like rivulets over rough ground. [29] Researchers from Google and the University of California Santa Barbara have taken an important step towards the goal of building a large-scale quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[465] viXra:1907.0496 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-25 15:42:08

Right Triangle Of Zero

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This shows a geometry conposed of i,1,-1,∞.
Category: Geometry

[464] viXra:1907.0495 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 11:33:12

An Anomaly in the Set of Algebraic Real Numbers

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 1 Page.

Depending on their representation, the ratio of irrational algebraic numbers to rationals in (0, 1) is either 0.0 or infinite.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[463] viXra:1907.0494 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 13:31:57

An Algebraic Way of Simultaneously Analyzing Both Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen Paper and Bohr's Reply to it

Authors: N Gurappa
Comments: 5 pages, no figure

In their celebrated paper titled "Can quantum mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?", Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen (EPR) showed for the first time the existence of `Spooky action-at-a-distance'. Though the result of their paper is unquestionable, but the conclusion of the same became sensational because of its challenge to quantum mechanical formalism whether it's complete or not in describing the physical reality of Nature. Bohr's physical and philosophical reply to that conclusion justified the completeness of quantum mechanics. Here, a simple algebraic way is presented for the results of these two classic papers in such a way that the actual reason behind why quantum world necessarily exhibits the action-at-a-distance and how Bohr defended against the incompleteness of the quantum formalism will become clear.This approach naturally reveals what physical assumption of EPR went wrong while considering the entangled quantum system and also provides the missing mathematical argument in Bohr's reply.
Category: Quantum Physics

[462] viXra:1907.0493 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 16:42:22

A Summary Of My Research -Part 2- (Matter Creation Discussion)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

We complete our discussion in the previous paper A Summary Of My Research Paper Hypothesis Solar Planet Matter is Created Based On The Following Features: A-Planet Matter Can't Be Created by Any Random process B-Planet Matter Can't Be Created Independently From Other Planets Matters (Planet Diameter and Mass supports this claim) C-There's a direct relationship between planet diameter and orbital distance
Category: Astrophysics

[461] viXra:1907.0492 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-11 17:35:09

A Motivic Sterile Neutrino

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 11 Pages.

Despite the resounding experimental success of the Standard Model, the mystery of neutrino mass and neutrino oscillations must be approached from a framework for quantum gravity. Using well established results in condensed matter physics and in motivic mathematics, we present a new view of the quantum vacuum based on neutrino braid diagrams in quantum computation. The prediction of an effective 1.29 eV non local sterile state from the Koide matrix for neutrino masses fits known observational constraints.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[460] viXra:1907.0491 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 19:05:50

Fractional Calculus

Authors: Josh O'Connor
Comments: 18 Pages.

This paper generalises the limit definitions of calculus to define differintegrals of complex order, calculates some differintegrals of elementary functions, and introduces the notion of a fractional differential equation. An application to quantum theory is explored, and we conclude with some operator algebra. Functions in this paper will only have one variable.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[459] viXra:1907.0490 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 20:37:58

An Urdu Translation of the Landmark EPR Article from 1935

Authors: Azhar Iqbal, Pervez Hoodbhoy, Derek Abbott
Comments: 11 Pages.

An Urdu translation of the landmark article by Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen from the year 1935 is presented with the hope that it will be of academic and research interest to the readers in that language.
Category: Quantum Physics

[458] viXra:1907.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 00:26:22

Taylor Series Prediction of Time Series Data with Error Propagated by Artificial Neural Network

Authors: B. Ravi Sankar, S. Alamelu Mangai, K. Alagarsamy, Ph D
Comments: 7 Pages.

Modeling and forecasting of a time series data is an integral part of the Data Mining. Sun spot numbers observed on the sun are a good candidate for a time series. A number of linear statistical models are discussed in this paper because Taylor series has similarity with an Auto Regressive model. A new algorithm based on Taylor series expansion and artificial neural network is presented. Based on Taylor series algorithm and ARIMA model, the Sunspot numbers are forecasted and compared
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[457] viXra:1907.0488 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 00:30:43

De-noising Spacecraft Attitude and Rate Data using DWT

Authors: B. Ravi Sankar, S. Alamelu Mangai
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, de-noising of satellite attitude and rate data using discrete wavelet transform is presented. The mission objective of any remote sensing satellite is to produce an image. The image is taken on board the spacecraft, and then downloaded using a Radio Frequency link. The processing of the image is done at ground. The attitude quaternion and body rates are part of the down linked data. These data had to be pre-processed to remove the noise. Conventional methods employ taking the Fourier transform and removing the high frequency component through filtering. The de-noising of attitude and rate data is important to make the final data product such as image smoother.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[456] viXra:1907.0487 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 00:37:42

Hybrid ARIMA-HyFIS Model for Forecasting Univariate Time Series

Authors: B. Ravi Sankar, S. Alamelu Mangai, K. Alagarsamy, Ph D, Kasinathan Subramanian
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper, a novel hybrid model for fitting and forecasting a univariate time series is developed based on ARIMA and HyFIS models. The linear part is fitted using ARIMA model whereas the non-linear residual is fitted using HyFIS model. Clustering technique is used to determine the number of inputs and the membership functions of the HyFIS model. The hybrid model is applied to the wind speed data. The result is analyzed and compared on the basis of standalone ARIMA, standalone HyFIS and for the hybrid ARIMA-HyFIS model.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[455] viXra:1907.0486 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 00:42:43

Self Recharging Perpetual Paper Batteries

Authors: B. Ravi Sankar, S. Alamelu Mangai
Comments: 3 Pages. Paper Battery , Perpetual Battery, Self Recharging Battery.

In this paper we describe about a paper battery whose electrodes are made up of different metals. This battery is connected to the primary coil of a transformer. The secondary coil of the transformer is connected to full wave rectifier whose output is either connected to a super capacitor or a rechargeable battery. The whole of the setup is referred as Self Recharging Perpetual Paper Battery.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[454] viXra:1907.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 00:49:41

Spectroscopic and Calorimetric Evaluation of the Biofield Energy Healing Treated Ofloxacin

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Ofloxacin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of bacterial infections. The aim of this research work was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical properties of ofloxacin using modern analytical techniques. The sample was divided into control and Biofield Energy Treated parts. The control sample did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas, the treated part received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a famous Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak. The PXRD peak intensities and crys-tallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -39.33% to 127.93% and -68.28% to 21%, respectively; however, the average crystallite size of the treated ofloxacin (236.59nm) was decreased by 19.48% compared with the control sample (293.83nm). The particle size values were signifi-cantly decreased at d10 (10.67%), d50 (25%), d90 (24.4%), and D (4,3) (25.12%); thus, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 9.8% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion and the latent heat of decomposition of the treated sample were significantly increased by 11.71% and 123.52%, respectively compared to the control sample. The total weight loss was significantly decreased by 10.59%; however, the residue amount was significantly increased by 63.29% in the treated ofloxacin compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment generated a new polymorphic form of ofloxacin which may be more soluble, bioavail-able, and be thermally more stable compared to the untreated sample. The treated ofloxacin would be more efficacious against cellulitis, prosta-titis, chronic bronchitis, urinary tract infections, infections of the urethra and cervix, pneumonia, infectious diarrhoea, plague, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[453] viXra:1907.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 00:58:19

Breakthrough in Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

Breakthrough in Quantum Computing Now, a team of Virginia Tech chemistry and physics researchers have advanced quantum simulation by devising an algorithm that can more efficiently calculate the properties of molecules on a noisy quantum computer. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[452] viXra:1907.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 01:59:58

General Relativity Questioned

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Now, in the most comprehensive test of general relativity near the monstrous black hole at the center of our galaxy, Ghez and her research team report July 25 in the journal Science that Einstein's theory of general relativity holds up. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8]
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[451] viXra:1907.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 02:50:09

[ Monads+Parsec ] based on Haskell as Mathematical Tools to Probe DNA Sequencing in the Context of [ Nano-Bio ] Devices/IoT/HPC R&D.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

[ Monads+Parsec ] based on Haskell as Mathematical Tools to Probe DNA Sequencing in the Context of [ Nano-Bio ] Devices/IoT/HPC R&D. [ DNA Sequencing as a ‘Physical Anology’ of Monads.Monad as a strategy for combining computations into more complex computations/Testing in Progress ]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[450] viXra:1907.0481 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 02:49:15

Multiple Laser Beamlets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

A research team led by Osaka University showed how multiple overlapping laser beams are better at accelerating electrons to incredibly fast speeds, as compared with a single laser. [35] In a major step toward developing portable scanners that can rapidly measure molecules in pharmaceuticals or classify tissue in patients' skin, researchers have created an imaging system that uses lasers small and efficient enough to fit on a microchip. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[449] viXra:1907.0480 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 03:19:34

Terahertz Imaging Technique

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A new terahertz imaging technique could help slow the spread of these infestations by detecting insect damage inside wood before it becomes visible on the outside. [36] A research team led by Osaka University showed how multiple overlapping laser beams are better at accelerating electrons to incredibly fast speeds, as compared with a single laser. [35] In a major step toward developing portable scanners that can rapidly measure molecules in pharmaceuticals or classify tissue in patients' skin, researchers have created an imaging system that uses lasers small and efficient enough to fit on a microchip. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[448] viXra:1907.0479 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-26 03:51:44

Magnetic Refrigerator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Physicists at the Laboratory of Novel Magnetic Materials of the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University study magnetic materials and magnetostructural phase transition in order to create a new magnetic cooling technology. [22] Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[447] viXra:1907.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 07:29:24

Wearable Devices Restore Conductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

In its most recent study, the KIST-Stanford research team developed the new material, which can be used as an interconnect, as it has the same properties as existing wearable materials and high levels of electrical conductivity and stretchability, characteristics which allow the stable transmission of electricity and data from the human body to electronic devices. [38] For the first time, researchers have fabricated light-guiding structures known as waveguides just over one micron wide in a clear silicone commonly used for biomedical applications. [37]
Category: Physics of Biology

[446] viXra:1907.0477 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 07:48:03

Word Weight Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Comparison of the available and offered word WEIGHT etymology is executed.
Category: Linguistics

[445] viXra:1907.0476 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 08:06:07

Brain Organoids in Neurological Research

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Researchers from Harvard University and the Broad Institute’s Stanley Centre for Psychiatric Research have developed reproducible brain organoids for the first time. [23] Researchers at the University of Twente have designed a tiny needle in which micro-channels can be used for extracting small liquid samples from a local area of the brain. [22] The ability to grow large protein crystals is the single biggest bottleneck that limits the use of neutron protein crystallography in structural biology. [21] The conclusion that proteins have a terrible conductance tallies well with their general physical characteristics – they lack both electronic conduction bands and high levels of structural order. [20]
Category: Mind Science

[444] viXra:1907.0475 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 08:48:42

The Oscillator Model, Excited States, and Electron-Photon Interactions

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 10 Pages.

This paper explores the implications of the electron oscillator model in regard to the concept of an excited state and the way we think about electron-photon interactions (electron-photon scattering). We also offer some reflections if we can apply the model to a nucleon (a proton or a neutron).
Category: Quantum Physics

[443] viXra:1907.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 09:18:57

AI's Current Hype and Hysteria

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Most discussions about artificial intelligence (AI) are characterised by hyperbole and hysteria. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[442] viXra:1907.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 09:34:15

Black Holes Shape Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Data from ESA's XMM-Newton X-ray observatory has revealed how supermassive black holes shape their host galaxies with powerful winds that sweep away interstellar matter. [23] In short, the concept of a black hole gravity machine presents humanity with a plausible path to becoming an interstellar species. In the meantime, the study of the concept will provide SETI researchers with another possible technosignature to look for. [22] Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[441] viXra:1907.0472 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 09:39:31

Two-Proton Knockout Cross Section ${\sigma}_{-2p} (^{44}S \rightarrow ^{42}{si})$: Strong Evidence of Magicity and Sphericity of $^{42}_{14}si_{28}$

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 12 Pages.

The issue of whether $^{42}_{14}Si_{28}$ is doubly magical or not has been a contentious one. Fridmann {\it et al.} (Nature 435 (2005) 922) through studies of two-proton knockout reaction $^{44}_{16}S_{28} \rightarrow ^{42}_{14}Si_{28}$, presented a strong empirical evidence in support of magicity and sphericity of $^{42}_{14}Si_{28}$. However in complete conflict with this, Bastin {\it et al.} (Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 (2007) 022503) gave equally strong empirical evidences, to show that the N = 28 magicity had completely collapsed, and that $^{42}_{14}Si_{28}$ was a well deformed nucleus. At present the popular consensus (Gade {\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122 (2019) 222501) strongly supports the latter one and discards the former one. Here, while we accept the latter experiment as being fine and good, through a careful study of an RMF model calculation, we show that actually the experimental results of Fridmann are also independently good and consistent. As per the Fridmann experiment, the sphericity and magicity of $^{42}_{14}Si_{28}$ is manifested only through proton number Z=14 being a strong magic number, while the neutron magic number N=28 disappears (or goes into hiding); and still this nucleus is spherical. This is a new and amazing property manifesting itself in this exotic nucleus $^{42}_{14}Si_{28}$. In this paper we provide a consistent understanding of this novel reality within a QCD based model. This model, which has been successful in explanation of the halo phenomenon in exotic nuclei, comes forward to provide the physical reason as to why the Fridmann experiment is correct. This QCD based model shows that it is tritons, as elementary entity making up $^{42}_{14}Si_{28}$, which then provides consistency to the above amazing conclusions arising from the Fridmann experiment.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[440] viXra:1907.0471 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 10:16:36

Protein-DNA Interactions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A single-molecule imaging technique, called protein-induced fluorescence enhancement (PIFE), has gained traction in recent years as a popular tool for observing DNA–protein interactions with nanometer precision. [24] Researchers from Harvard University and the Broad Institute’s Stanley Centre for Psychiatric Research have developed reproducible brain organoids for the first time. [23] Researchers at the University of Twente have designed a tiny needle in which micro-channels can be used for extracting small liquid samples from a local area of the brain. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[439] viXra:1907.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 10:30:25

Proteins and Membrane Dynamics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Membranes composed of a lipid bilayer define the outer surface of nucleated cells (the plasma membrane) and delimit the vital organelles within these cells, such as mitochondria and nuclei. [25] A single-molecule imaging technique, called protein-induced fluorescence enhancement (PIFE), has gained traction in recent years as a popular tool for observing DNA–protein interactions with nanometer precision. [24] Researchers from Harvard University and the Broad Institute’s Stanley Centre for Psychiatric Research have developed reproducible brain organoids for the first time. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[438] viXra:1907.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 10:45:10

Ultrathin Transistor Computer Chips

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

To produce the new ultra-thin transistor, calcium fluoride was selected as the insulating material. [34] University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field's hottest material-beta-gallium oxide-to their arsenal. [33] Transistors are tiny switches that form the bedrock of modern computing; billions of them route electrical signals around inside a smartphone, for instance. Quantum computers will need analogous hardware to manipulate quantum information. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[437] viXra:1907.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 12:19:31

Refutation of Pre-Measurement, Decoherence, and Multiverse Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com; email: info@cec-services . com

The equation for pre-measurement is not tautologous, thereby refuting it and decoherence as a basis for multiverse quantum mechanics. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[436] viXra:1907.0466 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 16:21:43

We-Trump Powertrain = Gearless Automatic Digitostat Fluid Power Continuously Variable Bidirectional Regenerative Transmission

Authors: Yanming Wei
Comments: 64 Pages.

Subject inventions use a bunch of hydraulic cylinders with cross section area in a series of powers of 2 multiples of the least common denominator. By selection from N pieces of such cylinders with corresponding digital-controllable valves array, the enumerateable quantity of different areal sums shall read: Nth power of 2. With proper switching on the bunch of cylinders, adjustable fluid power supply can be realized to adapt very wide pressure fluctuation of input. Also a novel system of hydrostatic transmission & powertrain is presented, and it features automatic quasi CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission) & regenerative brake with reclaimed energy round trip via same tranny, by virtue of not expensively using planetary gears or variable displacement hydraulic pump/motor. All vehicles, even powered only by fossil fuel, deserve economic regenerative brake, now this invention can make it come true!
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[435] viXra:1907.0465 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 20:37:29

A Summary Of My Research

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 19 Pages.

Research Summary I- Research Main Questions 1-How Planet Diameter Is Created? (= How The Matter Is Created?) 2-How Planet orbital distance is defined (= What's The Space?) 3-Is There A Relationship Between Planet Diameter And Orbital Distance? (i.e. Does Space effect on Matter Creation Process?) II- Research Methodology I use the planets data analysis to discover the concepts on which they are created? (I use NASA Planetary Fact Sheet as the only source for Planets Data) III- Research Hypothesis (A) Research Primary Hypothesis (have no proves) -The Matter is created of Energy (E=mc2 supports this idea) -The Space is Energy (my Hypothesis) (B) Research Main Hypothesis (have proves) 1-The Solar Group is One Building And Each Planet is A Part Of It 2-There Are Relativistic Effects In The Solar Group 3-Mars Orbital Distance is Changed Through Solar Group History
Category: Astrophysics

[434] viXra:1907.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 00:02:32

[ Genetic Algorithms+Bayesian Networks ] in the Context of Anticipatory Systems Using a Quantum Device/QRNG – An AI/ML/DL based [ Java/JikesRVM(RVM - Research Virtual Machine)/Java Virtual Machine(JVM)/BNJ/Jenetics/JI Prolog/jBNCSoftware ] Approach

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 1 Page. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

[ Genetic Algorithms+Bayesian Networks ] in the Context of Anticipatory Systems Using a Quantum Device/QRNG – An AI/ML/DL based [ Java/JikesRVM(RVM - Research Virtual Machine)/Java Virtual Machine(JVM)/BNJ/Jenetics/JI Prolog/jBNC Software ] Approach in the IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Computational R&D Environments. [ Java based Artificial Intelligence in Electron Microscopy/Medicine/Bio-informatics ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[433] viXra:1907.0463 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 00:46:10

Analytic Continuation of the Zeta Function Violates the Law of Non-Contradiction (LNC)

Authors: Ayal Sharon
Comments: Pages.

The Dirichlet series of the Zeta function was long ago proven to be divergent throughout half-plane Re(s) =< 1. If also Riemann's proposition is true, that there exists an "expression" of the Zeta function that is convergent at all values of s (except at s = 1), then the Zeta function is both divergent and convergent throughout half-plane Re(s) =< 1 (except at s = 1). This result violates all three of Aristotle's "Laws of Thought": the Law of Identity (LOI), the Law of the Excluded Middle (LEM), and the Law of Non-Contradition (LNC). In classical and intuitionistic logics, the violation of LNC also triggers the "Principle of Explosion": Ex Contradictione Quodlibet (ECQ). In addition, the Hankel contour used in Riemann's analytic continuation of the Zeta function violates Cauchy's integral theorem, providing another proof of the invalidity of analytic continuation of the Zeta function. Also, Riemann's Zeta function is one of the L-functions, which are all invalid, because they are generalizations of the invalid analytic continuation of the Zeta function. This result renders unsound all theorems (e.g. Modularity, Fermat's last) and conjectures (e.g. BSD, Tate, Hodge, Yang-Mills) that assume that an L-function (e.g. Riemann's Zeta function) is valid. We also show that the Riemann Hypothesis (RH) is not "non-trivially true" in classical logic, intuitionistic logic, or three-valued logics (3VLs) that assign a third truth-value to paradoxes (Bochvar's 3VL, Priest's LP).
Category: Number Theory

[432] viXra:1907.0462 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 01:55:34

Instability in Fusion Plasmas

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Now, physicists have confirmed that an updated computer code could help to predict and ultimately prevent such leaks from happening. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[431] viXra:1907.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 02:24:17

Tiny Laser for New Sensors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

In a major step toward developing portable scanners that can rapidly measure molecules in pharmaceuticals or classify tissue in patients' skin, researchers have created an imaging system that uses lasers small and efficient enough to fit on a microchip. [34] A new study, "Wavelength-encoded laser particles for massively multiplexed cell tagging," by scientists in the Wellman Center for Photomedicine has been published in Nature Photonics. [33] "This is just a wonderful example of the unexpected ways projects can develop when a team of diverse scientists from around the world come together to try and understand new and interesting phenomena," said team member Jim Cleaves, also of ELSI. [32]
Category: Quantum Physics

[430] viXra:1907.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 02:36:46

Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment: Spectroscopic and Calorimetric Evaluation of the Biofield Energy Treated Hydroxypropyl β-Cyclodextrin

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 11 Pages.

Hydroxypropyl β-Cyclodextrin (HPBCD) used in food, pharmaceutical, chemical industries, as well as environmental, and agriculture engineering. But the major issue related to HPBCD is the low solubility profile. In this study, the influence of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on the physicochemical properties of HPBCD was evaluated using spectroscopic and calorimetric analytical techniques. The test sample (HPBCD) was divided into control sample and treated sample. The control sample did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment. Whereas, the treated sample received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi. The particle size values of the treated sample were decreased by 3.28%(d10), 1.36%(d50), 0.45%(d90), and 1.04%{D(4,3)}; therefore, the specific surface area was increased by 1.9% compared with the control sample. The evaporation temperature of the treated HPBCD sample was significantly decreased by 19.89%; however, the latent heat of evaporation and latent heat of fusion were significantly increased by 56.27% and 47.41%, respectively compared with the control sample. The total weight loss in the treated HPBCD was decreased by 5.11%; whereas, the residue amount was significantly 309.67% more compared to the control sample. The results indicated that the Trivedi Effect® might have produced a new form of HPBCD which may show better thermal stability, solubility, dissolution rate, and bioavailability. This new form of HPBCD would be more useful for improvement of solubility of the lipophilic drug, preparation of cholesterol free food products, weight loss supplements, anti-obesity medication, stabilize volatile and unstable compounds, and other manufacturing industry using it as a raw material.
Category: Biochemistry

[429] viXra:1907.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 02:37:14

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Evaluation of the Impact of Biofield Energy Treatment on L-Cysteine

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

L-cysteine is a semi-essential amino acid that is also used in alternative medicine to treat cardiovascular disease, inflammation, angina, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis, flu, etc. This study was aimed to analyze the changes in the L-cysteine regarding its physicochemical and thermal properties due to the impact of the Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment. The L-cysteine was divided into the control and treated parts among which, the control sample was not given any treatment; while the treated sample received the Trivedi Effect®-Biofield Energy Healing Treatment, remotely, by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi. The results indicated a significant impact of the Biofield Energy Treatment on the particle size distribution of the treated sample as the particle sizes were significantly decreased by 10.18% (d10), 12.97% (d50), 16.83% (d90), and 14.36% [D (4, 3)] compared with the control sample. Hence, the resultant surface area of the treated sample was increased by 14.29% compared with the control sample. The PXRD diffractograms of the treated sample showed alterations in the intensities and crystallite sizes ranging from -47.62% to 110.11% and -17.74% to -74.57%, respectively, along with 49.81% decrease in the average crystallite size, compared with the control L-cysteine sample. The latent heat of decompositions of the treated sample was significantly increased by 11.45% and 20.79%, respectively, compared with the control L-cysteine sample. The total weight loss was significantly reduced in the treated L-cysteine sample by 5.59%; however, the residue weight was remarkably increased by 1111.20%, compared with the control sample. Thus, the overall study indicated the importance of the Biofield Energy treatment in the alteration of the particle size, surface area, crystalline properties, and thermal properties of the L-cysteine sample compared with the control sample. Therefore, it could be considered that Biofield Energy Treated L-cysteine might show better solubility, bioavailability, and thermal stability compared with the control sample..
Category: Biochemistry

[428] viXra:1907.0458 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 02:57:59

Microrobots Treating Tumors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A pair of researchers in Caltech's Division of Engineering and Applied Science are working on an entirely new form of treatment—microrobots that can deliver drugs to specific spots inside the body while being monitored and controlled from outside the body. [25] The researchers showed that the nanoparticles modify the immune function in tumors, and when combined with irradiation, can almost completely inhibit tumor growth. [24] Russian scientists from Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, G.G. Devyatykh Institute of Chemistry of High-Purity Substances of the Russian Academy, together with their European colleagues, have come up with a unique way of using silicon nanoparticles for oncological diagnostics. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[427] viXra:1907.0457 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 03:02:31

In Ferent Quantum Gravity, God Did not Create the Universe; in the Milky Way Galaxy there Are at Least 10 000 Gods

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 45 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“In Ferent Quantum Gravity, God did not create the Universe; in the Milky Way galaxy there are at least 10 000 Gods, because s > h” Adrian Ferent “God, the Saints and the Heaven are made of Spiritual Matter” Adrian Ferent “During the Big Bang, the Spiritual energy at Spiritual wall, is equal with the Planck energy” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity there are Dark Photons with the speed va, there are Photons with the speed c and Spiritual Photons with the speed vs “ Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity va > c > vs “ Adrian Ferent
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[426] viXra:1907.0456 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 03:12:13

Valleytronics Semiconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

A DGIST research team discovered a theory that can expand the development of valleytronics technology, which has been drawing attention as a next generation semiconductor technology. [35] To produce the new ultra-thin transistor, calcium fluoride was selected as the insulating material. [34] University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field's hottest material-beta-gallium oxide-to their arsenal. [33] Transistors are tiny switches that form the bedrock of modern computing; billions of them route electrical signals around inside a smartphone, for instance. Quantum computers will need analogous hardware to manipulate quantum information. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[425] viXra:1907.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 03:25:25

Fine-Tune Carbon Nanotubes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Scientists from the Skoltech Center for Photonics and Quantum Materials (CPQM) have developed a novel method to fine-tune the optoelectrical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) by applying an aerosolized dopant solution on their surface, thus opening up new avenues for SWCNT application in optoelectronics. [36] A DGIST research team discovered a theory that can expand the development of valleytronics technology, which has been drawing attention as a next generation semiconductor technology. [35] To produce the new ultra-thin transistor, calcium fluoride was selected as the insulating material. [34] University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field's hottest material-beta-gallium oxide-to their arsenal. [33] Transistors are tiny switches that form the bedrock of modern computing; billions of them route electrical signals around inside a smartphone, for instance. Quantum computers will need analogous hardware to manipulate quantum information. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[424] viXra:1907.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 04:57:09

A Weak Extension of Complex Structure on Hilbert Spaces

Authors: Naum E. Salis
Comments: 15 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to try to replicate what happens in C on spaces where there are more then one of immaginary units. All these spaces, in our definition, will have the same Hilbert structure. At first we will introduce the sum and product operations on C(H):=RxH (where H is an Hilbert space), then we'll investigate on its algebraic properties. In our construction we lose only the associative of multiplication regardless of H, exept when dim H=1 (in this case RxH = C), and this is why we say "weak extension". One of the most important result of this study is the Weak Integrity Theorem according to which in particular conditions there exist zero divisors. The next result is the Foundamental Theorem according to which for all z in C(H) there exists w in C(H) such that z=w^2. Afterwards we will study tranformations between these spaces which keep operation (that's why we will call them C-morphisms). At the end we will look at the "commutative" functions, i.e. maps C(H) to C(H') which can be rapresented by complex transformations C to C
Category: Functions and Analysis

[423] viXra:1907.0453 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-25 05:47:22

Refutation of the Orthomodular Law

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com; email: info@cec-services . com

We evaluate the orthomodular law x≤y implies y=x∨(y∧x′), with ′ as negation, which is not tautologous. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[422] viXra:1907.0452 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 06:31:27

Study of the Effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Natural Product Berberine Chloride

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 10 Pages.

Berberine chloride is an isoquinoline alkaloid that has antimicrobial activity against bacteria, viruses, chlamydia, fungi, protozoans, and helminths, etc. The study was designed with the aim to evaluate the influence of the Trivedi Effect®- Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of berberine chloride by using modern analytical techniques. For this study, the berberine chloride sample was divided into two parts among which, one part was named as control as no Biofield Energy Treatment was given to it; while the other part received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and named as the Biofield Energy Treated sample. The PXRD results revealed some changes in the Bragg’s angle of peaks along with -7.24% to 188.78% alterations in the peak intensities and -65.88% to 135.42% changes in the crystallite sizes of the treated sample. Also, there was 1.91% decrease in the average crystallite size of the treated sample compared to the control sample. The particle size of the treated sample was significantly reduced by 20.16% (d10), 17.21% (d50), 27.53% (d90), and 27.36% {D(4,3)}; along with 15.31% increase in the specific surface area compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was significantly reduced by 25.81%; however, the residue amount was significantly increased by 55.04% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. Besides, the DSC thermogram showed four peaks, in which the peak temperatures of the treated sample corresponding to 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th peak were altered by -2.26%, 3.55%, -4.50%, and -0.69%, respectively. Moreover, the latent heat for 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th peak of the treated sample were significantly reduced by 24.04%, 42.44%, 44.26%, and 47.78%, respectively, compared with the control sample. The results showed that the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might help in improving the solubility, absorption, and bioavailability of berberine chloride compared with the control sample. Hence, the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment would be useful for designing the novel nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations of berberine chloride with improved drug profile for the treatment of various microbial diseases and disorders such as diarrhea, gastroenteritis, hypertension, tumor, malaria, hyperglycemia, inflammation, arrhythmia, infections, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[421] viXra:1907.0451 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-24 12:52:54

Confirmation of the Conjecture that Any Force Speed is Greater Than a Light Speed

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: Pages.

We evaluate two versions of the conjecture that any force speed is greater than a light speed. The conjecture is confirmed as tautologous.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[420] viXra:1907.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 07:32:41

Spontaneous Magnetization

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Over the past decade, numerous physics studies have explored how oscillating electric fields produced by lasers or microwave sources can be used to dynamically alter the properties of materials on demand. [31] Physicists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have observed a magnetic phenomenon called the "anomalous spin-orbit torque" (ASOT) for the first time. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[419] viXra:1907.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 08:48:04

The Classical Double Slit Interference Experiment: A New Geometrical Approach

Authors: Joseph Ivin Thomas
Comments: 9 Pages. Published in American Journal of Optics and Photonics

The double slit experiment was first conceived of by the English physician-physicist Thomas Young in 1801. It was the first demonstrative proof that light possesses a wave nature. In this experiment, light is made to pass through two very narrow slits that are spaced closely apart and a screen placed on the other side captures a pattern of alternating bright and dark stripes called fringes, formed as a result of the interference of ripples of light emanating from either slit. The relative positions and intensities of the fringes on the screen can be calculated by employing two assumptions that help simplify the geometry of the slit-screen arrangement. Firstly, the screen to slit distance is taken to be larger than the inter-slit distance (far field limit) and secondly, the inter-slit distance is taken to be larger than the wavelength of light. This conventional approach can account for the positions and intensities of the fringes located in the central portion of the screen with a fair degree of precision. It however, fails to account for those fringes located in the peripheral portions of the screen and also, is not applicable to the case wherein the screen to slit distance is made comparable to the inter-slit distance (near field limit). In this paper, the original analysis of Young’s Experiment is reformulated using an analytically derived hyperbola equation, which is formed from the locus of the points of intersections of two uniformly expanding circular wavefronts of light that emanate from either slit source. Additionally, the shape of the screen used to capture the interference pattern is varied (linear, semicircular, semielliptical) and the relative positions of the fringes is calculated for each case. This new approach bears the distinctive advantage that it is applicable in both the far field and the near field scenarios, and since no assumptions are made beyond the Huygens-Fresnel principle, it is therefore, a much more generalized approach. For these reasons, the author suggests that the new analysis ought to be introduced into the Wave Optics chapter of the undergraduate Physics curriculum.
Category: Classical Physics

[418] viXra:1907.0448 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 08:51:48

Bell's Correlation Formula and Anomalous Spin

Authors: Han Geurdes; Koji Nagata
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper it is demonstrated that a hidden spin component may exist that in local hidden variables, but quantum manner, invalidates the nonlocality analysis with e.g. inequalities such as CHSH.
Category: Quantum Physics

[417] viXra:1907.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 08:51:00

Mathematical Metaphysics: Modelling Determinism and Free-Will Along the Lines of Theological Compatibilism

Authors: Joseph Ivin Thomas
Comments: 14 Pages. Published in International Journal of Philosophy

In this paper, an attempt is made to lay a systematic framework that helps answer a deeply perplexing philosophical question: “Can blind obedience to a set of immutable laws of nature pose a sufficient explanation for all phenomena in the world?” From the perspective of the human person, this question can be re-phrased as follows: “Do the events in a person’s life happen because they are pre-determined to do so, or is there some role for free-will to operate?” More succinctly stated, “Is the principle of determinism or the faculty for free-will responsible for the occurrence of an event?” An acceptable answer to these difficult questions must first require a better understanding of what precisely the terms determinism and free-will mean. In religion and mythology, the doctrine of determinism is embodied in an equivalent notion called destiny, which may be defined as a pre-ordained, inescapable, inevitable event. An accident, on the other hand, is a purely random and unpredictable event with neither intent nor design backing its occurrence. Religion holds that there are no such things as accidents and that every event is infused with divine purpose. Paradoxically, religion (Christianity, in particular) holds dear man’s capacity for free-will, which is in direct contradiction to the idea of destiny. How can free-will be truly free, if everything is already determined? Science too, is in a similar muddle on the problem of free-will, because it is still unsure whether the universe, the human mind included, runs on a deterministic or an indeterministic basis. After exploring the opinions gathered from diverse fragments of human knowledge (Philosophy, Physics, Neuroscience, Literature, Religion), two novel frameworks that are grounded in mathematical rigor are forwarded which fits both determinism and free-will into a single, indivisible philosophical paradigm.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[416] viXra:1907.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 09:07:28

Quantum Communication Message

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Quantum Communication Message Counter to intuition, in a new counterfactual communication protocol published in NPJ Quantum Information, scientists from the University of Vienna, the University of Cambridge and the MIT have experimentally demonstrated that in quantum mechanics this is not always true, thereby contradicting a crucial premise of communication theory. [41] One of these particles of light has the potential to serve as a carrier of the fragile quantum information, the other, as a messenger to provide prior notification of its twin. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39] Research in the quantum optics lab of Prof. Barak Dayan in the Weizmann Institute of Science may be bringing the development of such computers one step closer by providing the "quantum gates" that are required for communication within and between such quantum computers. [38] Calculations of a quantum system's behavior can spiral out of control when they involve more than a handful of particles. [37] Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have reached a new milestone on the way to optical computing, or the use of light instead of electricity for computing. [36] The key technical novelty of this work is the creation of semantic embeddings out of structured event data. [35] The researchers have focussed on a complex quantum property known as entanglement, which is a vital ingredient in the quest to protect sensitive data. [34] Cryptography is a science of data encryption providing its confidentiality and integrity. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[415] viXra:1907.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 09:41:45

3D Nanoprinting Strategy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Engineers at the University of Maryland (UMD) have created a new multi-material 3-D nanoprinting technique that was featured on the inside front cover of the July 21 issue of Lab on a Chip. [25] Now, researchers from the University of Saskatchewan are looking at how we can use 3-D printing to help damaged nervous systems to regrow. [24] The goal is to find bits of DNA in common between the known relatives and the unidentified remains, suggesting both belong to a particular lineage. One analysis develops a profile that combines what's found at 23 spots in the DNA, for example. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[414] viXra:1907.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 13:50:26

Light Through Semiconductor Crystal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

In every modern microcircuit hidden inside a laptop or smartphone, you can see transistors-small semiconductor devices that control the flow of electric current, i.e. the flow of electrons. [42] Counter to intuition, in a new counterfactual communication protocol published in NPJ Quantum Information, scientists from the University of Vienna, the University of Cambridge and the MIT have experimentally demonstrated that in quantum mechanics this is not always true, thereby contradicting a crucial premise of communication theory. [41] One of these particles of light has the potential to serve as a carrier of the fragile quantum information, the other, as a messenger to provide prior notification of its twin. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39] Research in the quantum optics lab of Prof. Barak Dayan in the Weizmann Institute of Science may be bringing the development of such computers one step closer by providing the "quantum gates" that are required for communication within and between such quantum computers. [38] Calculations of a quantum system's behavior can spiral out of control when they involve more than a handful of particles. [37] Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have reached a new milestone on the way to optical computing, or the use of light instead of electricity for computing. [36] The key technical novelty of this work is the creation of semantic embeddings out of structured event data. [35] The researchers have focussed on a complex quantum property known as entanglement, which is a vital ingredient in the quest to protect sensitive data. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[413] viXra:1907.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 14:38:41

Compound Numbers with Dimension 5, 6 and 7

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 6, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

This work is devoted to the search, study and compilation of the multiplication table of a composite hyperbolic (Hypercomplex) number of dimension five, six, seven (5,6,7): q = {1, i, j, k, l}: i2 = 1, j2 = 1, k2 = 1, l2 = 1. On this basis, as a template, you can pick up other multiplication tables with a different target or arbitrary arrangement of plus (+) and minus (-) signs in the cells of the multiplication table. The disadvantage of this multiplication table is its weak associativity and not commutativity (not even anti-commutativity). But this is its fundamental property. Эта работа посвящена поиску, изучению и составлению таблицы умножения составного гиперболического (гиперкомплексного) числа размерностью пять, шесть и семь (5,6,7):
Category: Algebra

[412] viXra:1907.0442 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 14:44:30

Coordinate Transformations of the Euclidean Space

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 8, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

This paper deals with the orthonormal transformation of the coordinates of the 3-dimensional Euclidean space. These transformations are displacement and rotation transformations. Formulas and matrices of these transformations are given. В данной работе рассмотрены вопросы ортонормированного преобразования координат 3-мерного евклидова пространства. Такими преобразованиями являются преобразования смещения и поворота. Даны формулы и матрицы этих преобразований.
Category: Geometry

[411] viXra:1907.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 14:46:52

Coordinate Transformations Galileia Space

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 11, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

This paper deals with the orthonormal transformation of the coordinates of 3+1 - and 4-dimensional Galilean space. Such transformations are transformations of displacement, rotation, and transition to a moving coordinate system. Formulas and matrices of these transformations are given. The reasons for writing this work and the next few are two reasons. 1. The space in which classical mechanics is defined is the Galilean space, more precisely, its 3+1-dimensional interpretation. 2. Unlike the Galilean space, which has all the properties of the space in which tensors are defined, in classical mechanics not all parameters are tensors. In this regard, it is impossible to define classical mechanics in 4-dimensional form in 4-dimensional space in a simple way. В данной работе рассмотрены вопросы ортонормированного преобразования координат 3+1- и 4-мерного галилеева пространства. Такими преобразованиями являются преобразования смещения, поворота и перехода в движущуюся систему координат. Даны формулы и матрицы этих преобразований.
Category: Geometry

[410] viXra:1907.0440 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-02 16:02:16

All About Mass and Gravitation

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 14 Pages.

Gravitation and mass are explained by the fact that spherical pulse responses locally and temporarily deform the embedding field. Over time the spherical pulse response integrates into the Green’s function of the field. The shape of the Green’s function resembles the shape of the gravitation potential of point-like masses. At large enough distance an ensemble of massive objects acts as a single point-like mass. These ingredients explain how gravity works. The mass has a significance of its own and can characterize discrepant regions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[409] viXra:1907.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 17:35:59

Jupiter Orbital Distance Proves "We See Wrongly the Solar Group"

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 16 Pages.

This paper tries to prove the following hypothesis: Hypothesis No. (1) -Jupiter Is The Solar Group Central Point -Jupiter Orbital Distance contradicts the solar group current description Hypothesis No. (2) -Solar Planet Motion Trajectory Can't Be An Ellipse -Earth Moon motion effects on our vision and force us to see Planet Motion Trajectory as an ellipse (which is a wrong vision)
Category: Astrophysics

[408] viXra:1907.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 18:15:26

Refutation of Naive Scale Invariance and the World as a Hologram of ’t Hooft

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The equation for naive scale invariance is not tautologous, refuting it as basis for the world as a hologram of ’t Hooft. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[407] viXra:1907.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 20:48:54

Values of the Riemann Zeta Function by Means of Division by Zero Calculus

Authors: Hiroshi Okumura, Saburou Saitoh
Comments: 12 Pages. In this paper, we will give the values of the Riemann zeta function for any positive integers by means of the division by zero calculus.

In this paper, we will give the values of the Riemann zeta function for any positive integers by means of the division by zero calculus. Zero, division by zero, division by zero calculus, $0/0=1/0=z/0=\tan(\pi/2) = \log 0 =0 $, Laurent expansion, Riemann zeta function, Gamma function, Psi function, Digamma function.
Category: Number Theory

[406] viXra:1907.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 21:37:29

(2N=Pa+Pb)Abstract Hypothesis, Simulate Basic Logic of Synchronous Arithmetic, Judge Reasoning and Hypothesis Contradiction

Authors: 1
Comments: 6 Pages.

Absrtact: The subject judges the unknown by hypothesis. Thesis 2N-A=B (B, I don't know whether it is a prime number or a compound number). Hypothesis is the basis of judgment. If B equals a prime number, there is no need to calculate it. It is an unknown, judging whether it is a prime or a compound. Assuming a complex number, it can decompose the prime factor. The number you get must be prime. Here, we use hypothesis theory to push the unknown to infinity.6
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[405] viXra:1907.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 02:42:22

In Vitro Effects of Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3 Supplementation on Bone Formation by Osteoblast Cell Line (MG-63)

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Inadequate intake of vitamin D leads to hormonal imbalance, aging, decreased calcium absorption, and bone loss. Present study aimed to evaluate potential of The Trivedi Effect®- Biofield Energy Healing Treatment on vitamin D3 as Test Item (TI) and DMEM to improve bone health in MG-63 cells. One part of each samples was received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Dahryn Trivedi and those samples were labeled as Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while other parts of each sample were denoted as untreated TI (UT-TI). Cell viability assay (MTT) found test items were safe and nontoxic in the tested concentrations. ALP was considerably improved by 753.3%, 1173.3%, and 424.4% in UT-DMEM+BT-TI, BT-DMEM+UT-TI, and BT-DMEM+BT-TI, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL compared to untreated. Collagen was significantly increased by 454.7% and 96.2% in BT-DMEM+UT-TI and BT-DMEM+BT-TI, respectively at 1 µg/mL, while 202.4% (at 50 µg/mL) increased collagen in UT-DMEM+BT-TI compared to untreated. Moreover, percent of bone mineralization was significantly increased in UT-DMEM+BT-TI, BT-DMEM+UT-TI, and BT-DMEM+BT-TI by 301.4% (at 50 µg/mL), 143.3% (at 50 µg/mL), and 178.0% (at 100 µg/mL) respectively, compared to untreated. Thus, Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 and Biofield Energy Treated DMEM were found safe and to have remarkably improved the bone health parameters, which could be a powerful alternative nutraceutical supplement to combat against various bone-related diseases including low bone density and osteoporosis, osteogenesis imperfecta, Paget’s disease of bone, rickets, osteomalacia, bone and/or joint pain, increased frequency of fractures, deformed bones, osteoma, chondrodystrophia fetalis, hormonal imbalance, stress, aging, bone loss and fractures.
Category: Biochemistry

[404] viXra:1907.0434 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 02:43:00

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Impact of Biofield Energy Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Withania Somnifera Root Extract

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Withania somnifera (WS) is a popular health supplement, which is used in many neutraceutical and pharmaceutical formulations for the overall good health, improves the quality of life, along with the prevention and treatment of numerous diseases. In this study, the impact of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on the physicochemical and thermal properties of WS root extract was evaluated using modern analytical techniques. The test sample WS root extract was divided and termed as control and Biofield Energy Treated sample. The control sample did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas, the treated WS root extract received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi. The particle size values of the treated WS root extract powder sample were altered by -7.92% (d10), -5.32% (d50), and -0.36% (d90) 1.02% {D(4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 5.31% compared with the control sample. The evaporation temperature and latent heat of evaporation of the treated WS root extract were significantly increased by 11.24% and 21.34%, respectively compared with the control sample. The total weight loss in the treated WS root extract was decreased by 4.3%; however, the residue amount was significantly increased by 25.02% compared with the control sample. The experimental results concluded that the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have altered particle size, surface area, and thermal properties of WS root extract which would show better solubility, dissolution, absorption, bioavailability, and thermal stability compared to the control sample. This new form of WS root extract would be helpful to design more efficacious neutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations for rejuvenate the body, restricting the aging process, immune busting, neuro-protection, antioxidant, inflammation, memory loss, insomnia, hepatoprotection, hypoglycemia, gastrointestinal issues, constipation, arthritis, cancer, skin conditions, Alzheimer's, Huntington's, and Parkinson's disorders, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[403] viXra:1907.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 05:05:43

Modern Physics and a Few Tensions.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 10 Pages. For further research.

Some of our cosmic observations are giving us hints of a New Physics.
Category: Astrophysics

[402] viXra:1907.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 05:14:50

Acoustic Waves in 2-D Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Researchers at the Center for Theoretical Physics of Complex Systems (PCS), within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS, South Korea), and colleagues have reported a novel phenomenon, called Valley Acoustoelectric Effect, which takes place in 2-D materials, similar to graphene. [24] University College Cork (UCC) & University of Oxford Professor of Physics, Séamus Davis, has led a team of experimental physicists in the discovery of the magnetic noise generated by a fluid of magnetic monopoles. [23] There are two sound velocities in a Bose-Einstein condensate. In addition to the normal sound propagation there is second sound, which is a quantum phenomenon. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[401] viXra:1907.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 05:37:21

Neutron Imaging for Science Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Coupled with SNS, the world's most powerful pulsed accelerator-based neutron source, VENUS will be the only open research facility platform in the US to provide time-of-flight neutron imaging capabilities to users from academia and industry. [13] A spallation neutron source has been used by physicists in Japan to search for possible violations of the inverse square law of gravity. [12] Physicists have proposed a way to test quantum gravity that, in principle, could be performed by a laser-based, table-top experiment using currently available technology. [11] Now however, a new type of materials, the so-called Weyl semimetals, similar to 3-D graphene, allow us to put the symmetry destructing quantum anomaly to work in everyday phenomena, such as the creation of electric current. [10] Physicist Professor Chunnong Zhao and his recent PhD students Haixing Miao and Yiqiu Ma are members of an international team that has created a particularly exciting new design for gravitational wave detectors. [9] A proposal for a gravitational-wave detector made of two space-based atomic clocks has been unveiled by physicists in the US. [8] The gravitational waves were detected by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. [7] A team of researchers with the University of Lisbon has created simulations that indicate that the gravitational waves detected by researchers with the LIGO project, and which are believed to have come about due to two black holes colliding, could just have easily come from another object such as a gravaster (objects which are believed to have their insides made of dark energy) or even a wormhole. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes the simulations they created, what was seen and what they are hoping to find in the future. [6] In a landmark discovery for physics and astronomy, international scientists said Thursday they have glimpsed the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, which Albert Einstein predicted a century ago. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star'-unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[400] viXra:1907.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 05:53:26

Without Oxygen no Burning Candle

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 24 pages. Copyright © 2019 by Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved. Published by:

Objective. Under certain circumstances, the results of multiple investigations – particularly, rigorously-designed trials, can be summarized by systematic reviews and meta-analyses. However, the results of properly conducted meta-analyses can but need not be stronger than single investigations, if (publication) bias is not considered to a necessary extent. Methods. In assessing the significance of publication bias due to study design simple to handle statistical measures for quantifying publication bias are developed and discussed which can be used as a characteristic of a meta-analysis. In addition, these measures may permit comparisons of publication biases between different meta-analyses. Results. Various properties and the performance of the new measures of publication bias are studied and illustrated using simulations and clearly described thought experiments. As a result, individual studies can be reviewed with a higher degree of certainty. Conclusions. Publication bias due to study design is a serious problem in scientific research, which can affect the validity and generalization of conclusions. The index of unfairness and the index of independence are of use to quantify publication bias and to improve the quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Keywords: study design, study type, measuring technique, publication bias
Category: Statistics

[399] viXra:1907.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-24 05:53:22

Laser Particles for Cell Tagging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

A new study, "Wavelength-encoded laser particles for massively multiplexed cell tagging," by scientists in the Wellman Center for Photomedicine has been published in Nature Photonics. [33] "This is just a wonderful example of the unexpected ways projects can develop when a team of diverse scientists from around the world come together to try and understand new and interesting phenomena," said team member Jim Cleaves, also of ELSI. [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31]
Category: Physics of Biology

[398] viXra:1907.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 06:34:28

On Wave Function Collapse in Quantum Mechanics in the Case of a Spin System Having Three Anticommuting Operators: the Reason Because it is so Difficult to Realize a Theory of Collapse in Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Elio Conte
Comments: 10 Pages.

We use a two states quantum spin system S, and thus considering the particular case of three anticommuting elements and the measurement of . We evidence that, during the wave collapse, we have a transition of standard commutation relation of the spin to new commutation relations and this occurs during the interaction of the S system with the macroscopic measurement system M. The reason to accept such view point is that it causes the destruction of the interferential factors and of the fermion creation and annihilation operators of the S system without recourse to further elaborations based on the use of Hamiltonians or other methods. By this formulation we propose a new method in attempting to solve the problem of wave function collapse. The concept of Observable , in use in standard quantum mechanics, is resolved in an abstract entity to which is connected a linear hermitean operator that signs mathematically the operation that we must perform on the wave function in order to obtain the potential and possible values of the observable. It does not commute with a number of other operators characterizing the system and the non commuting rules have a fundamental role in quantum mechanics .They have a logic that must be analyzed in each phase of the non measuring and the measuring processes. When we consider the dynamics of wave function collapse we must account that the observed observable becomes a number ,with proper unity of measurements ,during the measurement, thus the linear hermitean operator to which is connected before the measurement, disappears and in its place it appears a new operator that maintain the non commutativity with the other operators to which the old and disappeared operator was connected.
Category: Quantum Physics

[397] viXra:1907.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 08:08:15

Single-Cell Biomagnifier

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[396] viXra:1907.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 08:33:28

Promising for Cancer Treatment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

The researchers showed that the nanoparticles modify the immune function in tumors, and when combined with irradiation, can almost completely inhibit tumor growth. [24] Russian scientists from Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, G.G. Devyatykh Institute of Chemistry of High-Purity Substances of the Russian Academy, together with their European colleagues, have come up with a unique way of using silicon nanoparticles for oncological diagnostics. [23] Researchers at Oregon State University have developed an improved technique for using magnetic nanoclusters to kill hard-to-reach tumors. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[395] viXra:1907.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 08:51:42

Nanoantennas Wireless Connections

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers from the Nanophotonic Technology Centre (NTC) of the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV) have designed new silicon nanoantennas with direct applications in communication and data processing for the next generation of reconfigurable photonic chips. [32] Embeddable sensors record how and when neurons fire; electrodes spark heart cells to beat or brain cells to fire; neuron-like devices could even encourage faster regrowth after implantation in the brain. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[394] viXra:1907.0424 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-24 01:43:05

The Crisis in Physics as Result of Theory of General Relativity: How to Detach Time from Space Again

Authors: Manfred U.E.Pohl
Comments: 8 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” [1] the author introduced the concept of time that must be used to unify Gravity and Electromagnetism. Today, theoretical Physics is still in a major crisis since at least 1990, as there is no serious improvement in Interpretations of Quantum Theory or Solutions in Quantum-Gravity or String-Theory. In this paper the author concludes that only a radical rejection of both Einsteins Theories (Special Relativity and General Relativity) could lead to the strongly required progress in theoretical Physics. If Physics keeps trapped by Theory of General Relativity, that might be the most stupid Theory for Gravity ever suggested as it circumvents any real progress in theoretical Physics. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Holographic Universe, Space-Time, Relativity, Einstein, Gravity
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[393] viXra:1907.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 09:29:47

Molecular Machines in Action

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Almost all living organisms from bacteria to humans have gate-like protein complexes in their cell membranes that get rid of unwanted or life-threatening molecules. [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[392] viXra:1907.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 10:06:35

Imaging Molecules Atom by Atom

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

For physicist Percy Zahl, optimizing and preparing a noncontact atomic force microscope (nc-AFM) to directly visualize the chemical structure of a single molecule is a bit like playing a virtual reality video game. [33] Almost all living organisms from bacteria to humans have gate-like protein complexes in their cell membranes that get rid of unwanted or life-threatening molecules. [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[391] viXra:1907.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 13:10:10

Record-Setting Quantum Motion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Showcasing precise control at the quantum level, physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a method for making an ion (electrically charged atom) display exact quantities of quantum-level motion-any specific amount up to 100 packets of energy or "quanta," more than five times the previous record high of 17. [28] Scientists from the Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, in collaboration with the University of Oxford and NIST, have shown that quantum interference enables processing of large sets of data faster and more accurately than with standard methods. [27] Over the last few decades, the exponential increase in computer power and accompanying increase in the quality of algorithms has enabled theoretical and particle physicists to perform more complex and precise simulations of fundamental particles and their interactions. [26] A collaboration of scientists from five of the world's most advanced x-ray sources in Europe, Japan and the US, has succeeded in verifying a basic prediction of the quantum-mechanical behavior of resonant systems. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[390] viXra:1907.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 15:09:55

On the V and C in the Lorentz Transformation and Absence of Movement

Authors: Hans Lugtigheid
Comments: 6 Pages.

The v in the Lorentz transformation is the velocity of the origin of the second frame of reference. A point with no dimensions. From this v we cannot conclude a maximum speed (or anything) for physical objects. The c is the velocity of information. We can choose c to be any value and we see that that chosen value of c is measured the same in both reference frames. Then the speed of light is not a special case. The Lorentz transformation is an approximation of the Galileo transformation in which information has velocity c = ∞. The Galileo transformation is 'real-time'. We thereby consider a (absolute) frame of reference from any point in the universe. We can not establish absence of movement and we do not have information traveling at infinite velocity. Therefore the Lorentz transformation is our best approximation of the Galileo transformation and thus of reality.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[389] viXra:1907.0419 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-23 09:05:09

Executive Disorders Are Symptoms of Being Coerced

Authors: Johan Nygren
Comments: 3 Pages.

Executive disorders diagnosed by psychiatry are caused by the agency of a person being overruled by an external agency, using monopoly on violence. The attenuation of executive function is a result of coercion through external legal forces and physical violence (including threat of violence. ) Physical removal of the coercive entity leads to increased executive control, alleviating all symptoms, curing the executive disorder.
Category: Mind Science

[388] viXra:1907.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 20:13:50

Why Saturn Diameter =120536 Km? (Part 1)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 16 Pages.

A Solar Group Suggested Description: 1-The Solar Group is One Geometrical Structure or one building and each planet is a part of this same building- i.e. Each Planet is created to be a complementary to the other planets and No solar planet is created or move independently 2-The solar group can be similar to one trajectory of Energy and each planet is a point on this same trajectory. 3-Also the solar group can be similar to one body, and each planet is a member in this same body. 4-Also, The solar group can be similar to one machine each planet is a gear in this same machine… so the machine works as one group.. that means the cooperation and integration between the solar planets data is the main base on which the solar group is created and move. How to understand that? WE know that the matter is created of Energy (E=mc2) – but How The Space Is Created? I suppose that the Space is created of Energy also… (Space = Energy) So the matter and space both are created from the same energy.. Can that be possible? The Energy has different forms (sun rays – nuclear interactions – oil- food ..etc) Different forms for the same content…. So it's possible to create matter and space of the same energy… I have another example to support that… In double slit experiment (Young Experiment) – the light coherence produced bright and dark fringes –regardless the theoretical explanation – the experiment tells "when one input is used(light)– outputs can be in 2 different forms (bright and dark fringes)" The Solar Group Creation I suppose the solar group is one energy creates the planet matter and orbital distance – so this same energy passes through the whole group to create all solar planets and their orbital distances from the same energy where this energy creates all planets data depending on each other because all of them are created from the same source. Shortly The solar group is one thread – as one necklace – all solar planets and their distances are created from one energy to be complementary to each other- and that's why the planets data analysis show the solar planets dependency.
Category: Astrophysics

[387] viXra:1907.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 23:57:17

Refutation of the Borel Base and Hull

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate in two equations the Borel base and hull as not tautologous and contradictory, refuting the conjectures and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[386] viXra:1907.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 01:07:31

Higgs Boson Decays into Muon Pairs

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 14 Pages.

In the Standard Model, the Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism predicts the Higgs boson will interact with matter particles (quarks and leptons, known as fermions) with a strength proportional to the particle's mass. [9] Usha Mallik and her team used a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to help build a sub-detector at the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest and most powerful particle accelerator, located in Switzerland. They're running experiments on the sub-detector to search for a pair of bottom quarks-subatomic yin-and-yang particles that should be produced about 60 percent of the time a Higgs boson decays. [8] A new way of measuring how the Higgs boson couples to other fundamental particles has been proposed by physicists in France, Israel and the US. Their technique would involve comparing the spectra of several different isotopes of the same atom to see how the Higgs force between the atom's electrons and its nucleus affects the atomic energy levels. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[385] viXra:1907.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 01:42:28

Droplets at Record-High Speed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Professor Deng also said that this strategy could be applied in microfluidic lab-on-a-chip devices and bio-analytical devices, as well as in the fields of materials science, fluid dynamics and beyond. [32] Inventors of centuries past and scientists of today have found ingenious ways to make our lives better with magnets-from the magnetic needle on a compass to magnetic data storage devices and even MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) body scan machines. [31] McHenry's group, in collaboration with the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), NASA Glenn Research Center, and North Carolina State University, are designing a two and half kilowatt motor that weighs less than two and half kilograms. [30] Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been attracting a lot of attention recently. This is because of the increased demand for faster, longer-lasting and lower-energy IT systems, and the need for higher data storage capacity. [29] Researchers have discovered that using an easily made combination of materials might be the way to offer a more stable environment for smaller and safer data storage, ultimately leading to miniature computers. [28] demonstrated an original layout of a prototype of multiresonator broadband quantum-memory interface. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[384] viXra:1907.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 02:25:12

多与少直接推翻黎曼猜想

Authors: Aaron chau
Comments: 2 Pages.

左边图有二个表示:孪生质数猜想成立。黎曼假设被推翻。右边图表示哥猜是一场没完没了的澄清运动。
Category: Number Theory

[383] viXra:1907.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 02:33:17

Anomalous Spin-Orbit Torque

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Physicists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have observed a magnetic phenomenon called the "anomalous spin-orbit torque" (ASOT) for the first time. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[382] viXra:1907.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 02:51:12

Semiconductors with Gallium Oxide

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field's hottest material-beta-gallium oxide-to their arsenal. [33] Transistors are tiny switches that form the bedrock of modern computing; billions of them route electrical signals around inside a smartphone, for instance. Quantum computers will need analogous hardware to manipulate quantum information. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[381] viXra:1907.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-23 04:35:30

The Origins of Cellular Life

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

"This is just a wonderful example of the unexpected ways projects can develop when a team of diverse scientists from around the world come together to try and understand new and interesting phenomena," said team member Jim Cleaves, also of ELSI. [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Biochemistry

[380] viXra:1907.0410 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 06:29:26

Inside Atomic Switches

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 98 Pages.

A team of researchers from Tokyo Institute of Technology has gained unprecedented insight into the inner workings of an atomic switch. [57] "We will also work on initiating two-qubit quantum gates between the atoms to build a 2D quantum processor based on so-called Rydberg interactions," reveals Birkl, "and implement large-scale quantum entanglement and quantum simulation." [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Condensed Matter

[379] viXra:1907.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 07:16:07

X-ray Laser Reveals Drug Targets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

The systematic review of the technology as applied to biology and pharmacology by the MIPT team will no doubt aid other researchers seeking to obtain the structures of key drug targets to develop new medications. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13]
Category: Physics of Biology

[378] viXra:1907.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 07:31:06

Collapsing Metal-Organic Frameworks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a special class of sponge-like materials with nano-sized pores. [23] The systematic review of the technology as applied to biology and pharmacology by the MIPT team will no doubt aid other researchers seeking to obtain the structures of key drug targets to develop new medications. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14]
Category: Physics of Biology

[377] viXra:1907.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 07:44:43

Waterproof Lithium Metal Anode

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Lithium metal anode offers a promising pathway to upgrade the energy density of lithium ion batteries for its high specific capacity (3800 mAh g-1) and low voltage (-3.04 V vs. Li/Li+). [24] Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a special class of sponge-like materials with nano-sized pores. [23] The systematic review of the technology as applied to biology and pharmacology by the MIPT team will no doubt aid other researchers seeking to obtain the structures of key drug targets to develop new medications. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Condensed Matter

[376] viXra:1907.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 08:30:28

The Impact of Default Dependency and Collateralization on Asset Pricing and Credit Risk Modeling

Authors: Tim Xiao
Comments: 39 Pages.

This article presents a comprehensive framework for valuing financial instruments subject to credit risk. In particular, we focus on the impact of default dependence on asset pricing, as correlated default risk is one of the most pervasive threats in financial markets. We analyze how swap rates are affected by bilateral counterparty credit risk, and how CDS spreads depend on the trilateral credit risk of the buyer, seller, and reference entity in a contract. Moreover, we study the effect of collateralization on valuation, since the majority of OTC derivatives are collateralized. The model shows that a fully collateralized swap is risk-free, whereas a fully collateralized CDS is not equivalent to a risk-free one.
Category: Economics and Finance

[375] viXra:1907.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 08:42:45

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis 16., Aktualisierte Auflage

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 17 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie.
Category: Classical Physics

[374] viXra:1907.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 10:30:02

(Asea in DMD CJBRT Article 20.07.2019) the Remarkable Effects of “ASEA Redox Supplement” in a Child with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy – a Case Report (Published in the Canadian Journal of Biomedical Research and Technology [CJBRT] 2019; Volume 1, Issue

Authors: Andrei Lucian Drăgoi
Comments: 11 Pages.

This research aims at discovering dietary supplements which may show comparable or even stronger beneficial effects (with less or none adverse effects) than corticosteroids in children with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). This paper presents a case report on the effects of an ionized "saline water" called "ASEA redox Supplement®" (ARS) oral solution in a ~2-year-old boy with DMD from Bucharest, Romania. In vitro studies showed that ARS is a very potent selective NRF2 activator, thus a very potent (indirect) antioxidant: the studies conducted in vivo also support this main pharmacological mechanism of ARS, with no toxicity up to high doses, in contrast with the much more toxic corticosteroids. From the first months of ARS treatment all the rhabdomyolysis markers (with very high initial serum levels) dropped significantly, with no found toxicity. The main conclusions of this paper are: (1) ARS has remarkable antioxidant and immunomodulatory effects and should be studied on larger groups of children with DMD under the age of 4 years old (but also on other age groups of children and even young adults), as an alternative to early corticosteroids; (2) Given its immunomodulatory effect (NRF2 selective activation and NF-kB inhibition), ARS deserves future cohort studies on its potential to replace corticosteroids and other non-steroidal immunosuppressants (at least partially) in many types of pulmonary/renal/hepatic/ articular/skin autoimmune autoimmune and even malignant diseases of both children and adults; (3) Given its very strong antioxidant effects (by highly selective NRF2 potent activation), ARS deservesfuture cohort studies on acute/chronic diseases that imply high levels of tissular oxidative stress, especially some acute/chronic cardiovascular and respiratory diseases like acute myocardial infarction with acute/chronic heart failure, stroke, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), asthma etc. of both children and adults (so that ARS may help millions and even billions worldwide). https://biomedress.com/volume1-issue4.php https://biomedress.com/pdf/CJBRT-19-04-018.pdf https://biomedress.com/pdf/CJBRT-19-04-018-01.pdf (the extensive table containing all the consults and paraclinical investigations of this child-patient)
Category: Biochemistry

[373] viXra:1907.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 11:31:46

Modeling that Predicts Elementary Particles and Explains Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and Galaxy Formation Data

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 42 pages

We propose steps forward regarding the following challenges in elementary particle physics, cosmology, and astrophysics. Predict new elementary particles. Describe mechanisms governing the rate of expansion of the universe. Describe dark matter. Explain ratios of effects of dark matter to effects of ordinary matter. Describe the formation and evolution of galaxies. Integrate modeling that provides those predictions, descriptions, and explanations and modeling that traditional physics theory includes.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[372] viXra:1907.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 13:24:37

Suggestion to Study Number Theory of Non-Decimal Number Systems

Authors: Jian-ping Gu
Comments: 1 Page.

This paper suggests extending the studies of number theory to non-decimal number systems.
Category: Number Theory

[371] viXra:1907.0399 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-22 10:33:09

An Exact Solution of the Einstein Equations for Cylindrically Symmetric Empty Space

Authors: Xuan Zhong Ni
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this article, we derived an exact solution of the Einstein equations for cylindrically symmetric empty space .
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[370] viXra:1907.0398 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-09 12:34:51

Energy-Momentum is not Defined Globally, But Locally

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 12 Pages.

Slow precession of the Earth rotation axis, and the Moon-Earth orbital resonance were accompanied during centuries by Newton's and Laplace's explanations. However, in the present paper, the author considers the possibility of additional factor: the small violation of the global energy-momentum conservation. Thus, the energy-momentum concept being not conserved, cannot be regarded as total (global) energy-momentum of system. The recently experimentally verified Lense-Thirring Effect and the Mercury's perihelion anomalous shift cannot be found in Newton Physics, and the latter demands the global energy-momentum conservation. Thus, the shift violates global energy-momentum conservation. Why? Because the energy-momentum is defined locally, not globally.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[369] viXra:1907.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 05:45:24

Applications of Random Matrices to Image Processing for Image Denoising in the Context of Cryo-Electron Microscopy[cryo-Em] Image Processing & Informatics Using [ Julia Language + Fortran Based Simple Cryo-em Software ] Towards Petascale-HPC Algorithm/s

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Applications of Random Matrices to Image Processing for Image Denoising in the Context of Cryo-Electron Microscopy[Cryo-EM] Image Processing & Informatics Using [ Julia Language + Fortran based SIMPLE Cryo-EM Software ] towards PETASCALE-HPC Algorithm/s Design,Understanding & Testing – A Simple Suggestion With an Interesting [ R&D ] Insight. [ SIMPLE Cryo-EM Software +Julia Random Matrices Library interfacing for Testing IoT/HPC/Heterogeneous Computing R&D ] [ Julia joins Fortran/C/C++ Club as a high-level language in which PETAFLOPS computations have been achieved ]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[368] viXra:1907.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-22 06:06:37

High-Energy Independent Plasmoids\\ Высокоэнергетические автономные плазмоиды

Authors: Gennady Rudominsky
Comments: 20 Pages.

The hypothesis of existence of electrodynamic systems with high density of the energy, explaining a natural phenomenon of a ball lightning is presented. Effects of calculation of three variants of an equilibrium state of model of a high-energy independent plasmoid are given. The description of requirements of occurrence and the basic properties is given. Other views of a ball lightning are is short viewed.\\ Представлена гипотеза существования электродинамических систем с высокой плотностью энергии, объясняющая природный феномен шаровой молнии. Приведены результаты расчета трех вариантов равновесного состояния модели высокоэнергетического автономного плазмоида. Дано описание условий возникновения и основных свойств. Кратко рассмотрены другие виды шаровой молнии
Category: Classical Physics

[367] viXra:1907.0395 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-20 09:15:19

Compound Numbers with Dimension 5

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 4, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

This work is devoted to the search, study and compilation of the multiplication table of a composite hyperbolic (Hypercomplex) number of dimension five (5): q = {1, i, j, k, l}: i2 = 1, j2 = 1, k2 = 1, l2 = 1. On this basis, as a template, you can pick up other multiplication tables with a different target or arbitrary arrangement of plus (+) and minus (-) signs in the cells of the multiplication table. The disadvantage of this multiplication table is its weak associativity and not commutativity (not even anti-commutativity). But this is its fundamental property. Эта работа посвящена поиску, изучению и составлению таблицы умножения составного гиперболического (гиперкомплексного) числа размерностью пять (5).
Category: Algebra

[366] viXra:1907.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-20 09:13:16

Wide Dnieper is Roar and Moan

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

The etymology of the Russian word REKA is considered
Category: Linguistics

[365] viXra:1907.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 00:21:22

Equation of Zero

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

First, ±∞ is constant at any observation point (position).
Category: Number Theory

[364] viXra:1907.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 01:52:13

An Insight into Cryo-EM Image Processing R&D based on Byte Code Engineering Analysis in the Context of [ OPAL-Scala Byte Code Engineering Tool/Scala LAB/ImageJ/Fiji] Software – A Simple & Interesting Exploration Using [ Scala/JikesRVM]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Insight into Cryo-EM Image Processing R&D based on Byte Code Engineering Analysis in the Context of [ OPAL-Scala Byte Code Engineering Tool/Scala LAB/ImageJ/Fiji] Software – A Simple & Interesting Exploration Using [ Scala/JikesRVM(RVM - Research Virtual Machine)/Java Virtual Machine(JVM)/Metascala-Scala JVM ] Informatics Frameworks. [Scala/Jikes RVM/Metascala -Scala JVM are Worth Learning in the Context of IoT/HPC/AI/ML/DL/ImageJ/Fiji ] [Exploring OPAL in Scala -Test Driven Byte Code Engineering R&D ]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[363] viXra:1907.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 05:14:30

Machine Learning Polymers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Reporting their findings in the open-access journal npj Computational Materials, the researchers show that their ML method, involving "transfer learning," enables the discovery of materials with desired properties even from an exceeding small data set. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[362] viXra:1907.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-21 05:29:20

The Itenerancy and Interactions of the Strings of Holes in Copper-Oxide Superconductors.

Authors: Moshe Dayan
Comments: 35 Pages.

Here I present a new model for the itinerancy of the strings of holes in the Cuprates HTSC. The model assumes various scenarios with respect to the order of the holes hopping and evaluates the weighting parameters for the different scenarios. The new model still results in the aggregation of holes into strings, but yields a spectral distribution for the itinerancy rates of the strings. From this distribution I infer a spectral distribution for the magnetic interaction between the strings, which suggests also a spectral distribution for the pseudogap parameter, and some relevant experimental functions. Apart from these distributions, the basic assumptions of former relevant theories remain intact. Such assumptions are the existence of the anti-ferromagnetic phases A and B, the basic structure of the pseudogap ground state, the excitation operators, and the field. The ground state and the field are basically divided into two bands, the gapless low energy band, and the high energy band. Due to the wide distributions, the bands may be partially overlapped.
Category: Condensed Matter

[361] viXra:1907.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 07:19:39

Un Millón de Precisiones en Torno a pi

Authors: Horacio useche losada
Comments: 29 Pages. On how to calculate the digits of Pi

El cálculo de los dı́gitos de π ha sido siempre una de las tareas más deseadas por los matemáticos de todos los tiempos, siendo la más antigua de todas. El número π se viene calculando desde la edad de hierro, sin exagerar, y en este documento podrá encontrar un resumen de todos esos esfuerzos con más de 5000 años de historia. Actualmente el record pertenece al fı́sico de partı́culas suizo Peter Trueb, que en noviembre de 2016, encontró 22 459 157 718 361 números decimales de π, completamente verificados. Estos son 2.2 billones de decimales, una can- tidad tan abrumadora que alcanzarı́a para dar 1.2 vueltas al planeta tierra, por el ecuador, y suponiendo cada decimal del tamaño de las letras que ahora lee. Muchos lectores se preguntaran para que sirve calcular tantos dı́gitos de- cimales si para calcular la circuferencia del universo con un error no superior al radio atómico, bastarı́a una precisión de 32 decimales. La respuesta es la misma por la cual el ser humano se empeña en reducir el tiempo de recorrido para los 100 metros planos. Es un sı́mbolo de prepotencia y progreso, del cual, el ser humano, no se puede desprender. Una auténtica demostración de cerebro y máquina que presume del alcance de la especie humana. Para realizar este tipo de esfuerzos, se deben tomar una serie de decisiones concernientes con los algoritmos a usar, esto es, los criterios matemáticos, además de seleccionar las herramientas de software para programar dichos criterios y por último el hardware, o computadores fı́sicos. Todo ello junto, conforma el arsenal de batalla para llevar a cabo hazañas como las de con- quistar nuevos records. Ya se trate de aficionados o matemáticos profesionales, este documento le entrega una revista incremental, desde rústicos y antiguos criterios, hasta los más modernos y sofisticados, usados en la ambiciosa conquista de los dı́gitos de π, que sin duda, le darán lustre a su saber y habilidad. Aquı́, por lo pronto, nos conformamos con llevar al lı́mite de lo posible, las herramientas de hardware casero, con las cuales el lector podrá hacer uso de las mejores teorı́as matemáticas para tener una idea muy fresca y fiel, de las tormentas que se desatan en las cumbres borrascosas de la alta matemática.
Category: Number Theory

[360] viXra:1907.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 09:02:28

Dipolar Bose-Einstein Condensates

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

A team of researchers at Aarhus University in Denmark has recently carried out a study exploring supersolidity in dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC), states of matter in which separate atomscooled to near absolute zero unite into a single quantum mechanical entity. [16] An international team of researchers has successfully produced a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in space for the first time. [15] Researchers at UCM and CSS have encountered a partial violation of the second law of thermodynamics in a quantum system known as Hofstadter lattice. [13] Any understanding of the irreversibility of the arrow of time should account the quantum nature of the world that surrounds us. [12] Entropy, the measure of disorder in a physical system, is something that physicists understand well when systems are at equilibrium, meaning there's no external force throwing things out of kilter. But new research by Brown University physicists takes the idea of entropy out of its equilibrium comfort zone. [11] Could scientists use the Second Law of Thermodynamics on your chewing muscles to work out when you are going to die? According to research published in the International Journal of Exergy, the level of entropy, or thermodynamic disorder, in the chewing muscles in your jaw increases with each mouthful. This entropy begins to accumulate from the moment you're "on solids" until your last meal, but measuring it at any given point in your life could be used to estimate life expectancy. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[359] viXra:1907.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 09:20:45

Quantum Chromodynamics Simulations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Over the last few decades, the exponential increase in computer power and accompanying increase in the quality of algorithms has enabled theoretical and particle physicists to perform more complex and precise simulations of fundamental particles and their interactions. [26] A collaboration of scientists from five of the world's most advanced x-ray sources in Europe, Japan and the US, has succeeded in verifying a basic prediction of the quantum-mechanical behavior of resonant systems. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[358] viXra:1907.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 09:35:10

Cracks in Magnetic Mirrors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

Referred to as 'magnetic mirrors', these devices have been known to be a relatively easy way to confine plasma since the 1950s, but they have also proven to be inherently leaky. [44] If you're not a plasma physicist, exploding electrical wires underwater may sound like a bad idea. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[357] viXra:1907.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 10:42:33

Refutation of Bounded Homomorphisms and Finitely Generated Fiber Products of Lattices

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate two equations for the standard method for constructing subdirect products, which are not tautologous. Hence the conjecture of bounded homomorphisms and finitely generated fiber products of lattices is refuted. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[356] viXra:1907.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 11:46:11

Nature Notifies us of the Importance of the Cosmological Constant and the Fine-Stucture Constant in a Strange Way

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 2 Pages. Submission is on the 19th to note the Cosmological Constant: also 11 (Apollo 11), 12, and 13 (bad luck)

Abstract: The 2-digit Cosmological Constant 0.19 is duplicated in reverse order to form the 4-digit Z boson 91.19: the 4-digit bottom quark 4.180 can be similarly presented in 41.08 form to notify us of the importance of c/alpha
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[355] viXra:1907.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 11:08:36

The Allais Effect – Coincidence Between Newtonian and Lesagian Gravity?

Authors: Raymond H Gallucci
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper reviews the alleged Allais Effect, i.e., anomalous behavior of pendulums or gravimeters sometimes observed during a total solar eclipse. With the Moon in a direct line between the Earth and Sun, the potential for an additional gravitational perturbation is examined as a possible contributor to the effect. Both a classical Newtonian “attractive” gravitational approach and one based on a “pushing” gravitational concept first introduced around Newton’s time by Fatio and LeSage are examined. Results indicate that both yield surprisingly equivalent results – a possible explanation, or part of one; or merely a coincidence?
Category: Astrophysics

[354] viXra:1907.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 13:30:00

The Quantization of Time

Authors: Uta Volkenborn, Heinz Volkenborn
Comments: 15 pages, 9 figures

In the present work it will be shown, that time is not an additional dimension of space, as the specific theory of relativity demands, but an indeterminate unity of future, present and past that takes effect within the dimension of space.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[353] viXra:1907.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 14:15:53

The Goldbach Theorem

Authors: Horacio useche losada
Comments: 33 Pages. The Goldbach's strong conjeture has been proved

Abstract The proof of Goldbach’s strong conjecture is presented, built on the foundations of the theory of gap, which, when combined with certain criteria about the existence of prime numbers in successions, gives us the evidence cited. In reality, We have proof a more general statement in relation to that attributed to Goldbach. As result, it is proved how a even number is the sum of two odd primes, of infinite ways and as a corollary, the conjecture about of the twin primes is also proof.
Category: Number Theory

[352] viXra:1907.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 20:14:16

Why Jupiter Diameter =142984 Km? (Part No.3)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 17 Pages.

This Paper discusses and proves the following hypothesis: Light Is An Essential Player In The Matter Creation Process
Category: Astrophysics

[351] viXra:1907.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 22:02:59

Chord Time and Space

Authors: Li xiaohong
Comments: 23 Pages.

:Humans have two sets of space-time expressions: reference system space-time and chord time-space, simply put: reference system space-time from the clock, ruler and other external reference system, chord space-time from the discrete spectrum, string (opening string, closed string, non-line string), usually, science, physics using the reference system of space-time, music, painting using chord space-time. Chord time and space is the semantic expression of chord language, music expression time, painting expression space, both have discrete spectral forms (chord, tone, scale, etc.), mathematically each other as an inverse mirror, can be converted by chord value formula. Chord language produces semantic expressions of time, space, life, spirit, etc. in music, painting, meridian (chinese ancient medical theory) and so on. The basic forms are: quantum discrete spectrum, string (open, closed, non-line string), symmetry, mirroring and other physical, mathematical (geometric) features. There have been thousands of years of historical accumulation, with a certain universality, consensus, easy to observe, verification.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[350] viXra:1907.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 23:10:10

DNA Sequencing Using Higher Order Logic[hol] & Stochastic Processes as Mathematical Tools Towards Next Generation/hi-End Bio-Informatics R&D Frameworks in the Context of [ Opal/byte Code Engineering/scala/java/jikesrvm( RVM-Research Virtual Machine )

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

DNA Sequencing Using Higher Order Logic[HOL] & Stochastic Processes as Mathematical Tools towards Next Generation/Hi-End Bio-Informatics R&D Frameworks in the Context of [ OPAL/Byte Code Engineering/Scala/Java/JikesRVM( RVM-Research Virtual Machine ) /JavaVirtual Machine/Metascala-Scala JVM/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Computing Environments ] [ Scala/Java/JVM based Languages – The Next BIG Thing in IoT/HPC/Bio-informatics/BIGDATA Revolution – Advanced Software Architecture R&D ]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[349] viXra:1907.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-20 01:13:50

X-ray Mapping of Magnesium

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A world-first study led by Monash University has discovered a technique and phenomenon that can be used for creating stronger, lightweight magnesium alloys that could improve structural integrity in the automobile and aerospace industries. [36] In a new study published Aug. 17 in Nature Communications, Nemsak, Fadley, Schneider and colleagues demonstrate the use of new techniques in X-ray spectroscopy to illuminate the internal structure of manganese-doped gallium arsenide. [35] With the publication of the first experimental measurements performed at the facility, the European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (EuXFEL) has passed another critical milestone since its launch in September 2017. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[348] viXra:1907.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-20 01:45:58

Silicon Nanoparticles Against Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Russian scientists from Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, G.G. Devyatykh Institute of Chemistry of High-Purity Substances of the Russian Academy, together with their European colleagues, have come up with a unique way of using silicon nanoparticles for oncological diagnostics. [23] Researchers at Oregon State University have developed an improved technique for using magnetic nanoclusters to kill hard-to-reach tumors. [22] MIT researchers have now come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis from occurring, by incorporating a crystallized immunosuppressant drug into devices. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[347] viXra:1907.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-20 02:41:03

2-D Perovskite Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

A new class of 2-D perovskite materials with edges that are conductive like metals and cores that are insulating was found by researchers who said these unique properties have applications in solar cells and nanoelectronics. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[346] viXra:1907.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-20 02:57:25

Catanenas Molecular Trefoil Knot

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[345] viXra:1907.0370 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-24 05:48:02

Resolving the Discrepancy Between Direct and Inverse Cosmic Distance Ladder Through a New Cosmological Model

Authors: Vincenzo Peluso
Comments: 33 Pages.

A new cosmological model is presented, which derives from a new physics within a theory of everything. It introduces, beyond radiation and baryonic matter, a unique and new ingredient, which is the substance of the universe, and which can be assimilated to the cold dark matter of the standard cosmology. The new model, although profoundly different from the ΛCDM model, exhibits the same metric and an almost identical distance scale. So it shares the same chronology and the same theory of nucleosynthesis, but solves the problem of the horizon, the flatness of space and the homogeneity of the distribution of matter in a natural way, without having to resort to an additional theory like that of inflation and without dark energy. Eventually it resolves the tension between the direct and the inverse cosmic distance ladder.
Category: Astrophysics

[344] viXra:1907.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-20 04:05:58

Quantum Interference in Information Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Scientists from the Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, in collaboration with the University of Oxford and NIST, have shown that quantum interference enables processing of large sets of data faster and more accurately than with standard methods. [27] Over the last few decades, the exponential increase in computer power and accompanying increase in the quality of algorithms has enabled theoretical and particle physicists to perform more complex and precise simulations of fundamental particles and their interactions. [26] A collaboration of scientists from five of the world's most advanced x-ray sources in Europe, Japan and the US, has succeeded in verifying a basic prediction of the quantum-mechanical behavior of resonant systems. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19] The cutting edge of data storage research is working at the level of individual atoms and molecules, representing the ultimate limit of technological miniaturisation. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[343] viXra:1907.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-20 04:41:17

The Present and the Future of the World Economy

Authors: Ilyas Oskembekov
Comments: 16 Pages.

This work is a continuation of the conversation about the qualitative heterogeneity of money, but already in the scale of the world economy. The features of this phenomenon, its sources of existence and the negative impact on the state of the world economy are considered on the model of the world economic system. The possibility of creating a new efficient world economic system with a qualitatively homogeneous money supply is shown.
Category: Economics and Finance

[342] viXra:1907.0367 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-21 13:56:34

Smoking Gun Physics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this paper, we wonder whether the idea of virtual particles, gauge bosons and/or force-carrying particles in general, might be superfluous. It seems to resemble 19th century aether theory: perhaps we don’t need it. The implication is clear: if that’s the case, then we also don’t need gauge theory and/or quantum field theory.
Category: Quantum Physics

[341] viXra:1907.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 07:16:12

Refutation of Shallow Embedding in Martin-Löf Type Theory

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

In Martin-Löf type theory (MLTT), we evaluate shallow embedding as the following conjecture: “if we add the rewrite rule ∀x. f x (not x) = true, the expression f true false will not be rewritten to true, since it does not rigidly match the not x on the left hand side”. The conjecture is not tautologous, hence refuting shallow embedding in MLTT and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[340] viXra:1907.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 08:11:09

On the Possible Mathematical Connections Between Some Equations of the ‘Black Hole Entropy and Soft Hair’, Black Hole Physics, Ramanujan’s Class Invariants and Mock Theta Functions

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 202 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various and interesting mathematical connections between some equations of the ‘Black Hole Entropy and Soft Hair’, the fundamental last paper of S.W. Hawking, mathematics and physics of Black Hole, Ramanujan’s Class Invariants and Mock Theta Functions
Category: Mathematical Physics

[339] viXra:1907.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 08:45:00

Graphene Superconductor More Tune

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a graphene device that's thinner than a human hair but has a depth of special traits. [29] Scientists at HZB have found evidence that double layers of graphene have a property that may let them conduct current completely without resistance. [28] US researchers studying high-temperature cuprate superconductors outside the superconducting regime have used cutting-edge X-ray scattering to detect long-predicted-but never previously observed-excitations called plasmons perpendicular to the material's atomic planes. [27] Using solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) techniques, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory discovered a new quantum criticality in a superconducting material, leading to a greater understanding of the link between magnetism and unconventional superconductivity. [26] Improving these devices could mean more powerful computers, better detectors of disease and technological advances scientists can't even predict yet. [25] Researchers at the Schliesser Lab at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have demonstrated a new way to address a central problem in quantum physics: at the quantum scale, any measurement disturbs the measured object. [24] An answer to a quantum-physical question provided by the algorithm Melvin has uncovered a hidden link between quantum experiments and the mathematical field of Graph Theory. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[338] viXra:1907.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 12:55:28

Difference Cordial Labeling of the Graphs Related to Duplication of an Edge or Vertex of a Cycle and Total Graph

Authors: A. Sugumaran, V. Mohan
Comments: 13 Pages.

Abstract. A difference cordial labeling of a graph G is a bijective function f from V(G) onto {1, 2, 3, ⋯ , |V(G)|} such that each edge uv is assigned the label 1 if |f(u) – f(v)| = 1, and the label 0 otherwise, satisfying the condition that the number of edges labeled with 1 and the number of edges labeled with 0 differ by at most 1. A graph with difference cordial labeling is called a difference cordial graph. In this paper we proved that the umbrella graph U(m, n), duplication of a vertex by an edge in a cycle Cn, duplication of an edge by a vertex in a cycle Cn and the total graph of a path Pn are difference cordial graphs.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[337] viXra:1907.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 12:51:16

Nano-Particles of Fiber Lasers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[336] viXra:1907.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 13:26:35

Endoscopy Breakthrough Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Carnegie Mellon University's Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Maysam Chamanzar and ECE Ph.D. student Matteo Giuseppe Scopelliti today published research that introduces a novel technique which uses ultrasound to noninvasively take optical images through a turbid medium such as biological tissue to image body's organs. [25] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have now discovered how a protein called LMI1 can control leaf growth and shape. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[335] viXra:1907.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 13:40:11

Electrical Gating Effects

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Scientists have visualised the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[334] viXra:1907.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 16:35:58

Natural Numbers and Their Square Roots Expressed by Constant Phi and 1

Authors: Harry K. Hahn
Comments: 5 pages, 1 drawing

All natural numbers ( 1, 2, 3,…) can be calculated only by using constant Phi (ϕ) and 1. I have found a way to express all natural numbers and their square roots with simple algebraic terms, which are only based on Phi (ϕ) and 1. Further I have found a rule to calculate all natural numbers >10 and their square roots with the help of a general algebraic term. The constant Pi (π) can also be expressed only by using constant Phi and 1 ! It seems that the irrationality of Pi (π) is fundamentally based on the constant Phi and 1, in the same way as the irrationality of all irrational square roots, and all natural numbers seems to be based on constant Phi & 1 ! This is an interesting discovery because it allows to describe many basic geometrical objects like the Platonic Solids only with Phi & 1 ! The result of this discovery may lead to a new base of number theory. Not numbers like 1, 2, 3,… and constants like Pi (π) are the base of number theory ! It seems that only the constant Phi and the base unit 1 ( which shouldn’t be considered as a number ! ) form the base of mathematics and geometry. And constant Phi and the base unit 1 must be considered as the fundamental „space structure constants“ of the real physical world !
Category: Number Theory

[333] viXra:1907.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 16:41:14

The Ordered Distribution of Natural Numbers on the Square Root Spiral

Authors: Harry K. Hahn
Comments: 35 pages, 17 figures, 3 tables

Natural numbers divisible by the same prime factor lie on defined spiral graphs which are running through the Square Root Spiral (also named as the Spiral of Theodorus or Wurzel Spirale or Einstein Spiral). Prime Numbers also clearly accumulate on such spiral graphs. And the square numbers 4, 9, 16, 25, 36,... form a highly three-symmetrical system of three spiral graphs, which divides the square-root-spiral into three equal areas. A mathematical analysis shows that these spiral graphs are defined by quadratic polynomials. Fibonacci number sequences also play a part in the structure of the Square Root Spiral. Fibonacci Numbers divide the Square Root Spiral into areas and angle sectors with constant proportions. These proportions are linked to the golden mean (or golden section), which behaves as a self-avoiding-walk-constant in the lattice-like structure of the square root spiral.
Category: Number Theory

[332] viXra:1907.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 16:44:28

The Distribution of Prime Numbers on the Square Root Spiral

Authors: Harry K. Hahn
Comments: 44 pages, 26 figures, 7 tables

Prime Numbers clearly accumulate on defined spiral graphs,which run through the Square Root Spiral. These spiral graphs can be assigned to different spiral-systems, in which all spiral-graphs have the same direction of rotation and the same -second difference- between the numbers, which lie on these spiral-graphs. A mathematical analysis shows, that these spiral graphs are caused exclusively by quadratic polynomials. For example the well known Euler Polynomial x2+x+41 appears on the Square Root Spiral in the form of three spiral-graphs, which are defined by three different quadratic polynomials. All natural numbers,divisible by a certain prime factor, also lie on defined spiral graphs on the Square Root Spiral (or Spiral of Theodorus, or Wurzelspirale). And the Square Numbers 4, 9, 16, 25, 36 even form a highly three-symmetrical system of three spiral graphs, which divides the square root spiral into three equal areas. Fibonacci number sequences also play a part in the structure of the Square Root Spiral. With the help of the Number-Spiral, described by Mr. Robert Sachs, a comparison can be drawn between the Square Root Spiral and the Ulam Spiral. The shown sections of his study of the number spiral contain diagrams, which are related to my analysis results, especially in regards to the distribution of prime numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[331] viXra:1907.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 16:47:59

About the Logic of the Prime Number Distribution

Authors: Harry K. Hahn
Comments: 29 pages, 10 figures, 6 tables

There are two basic number sequences which play a major role in the prime number distribution. The first Number Sequence SQ1 contains all prime numbers of the form 6n+5 and the second Number Sequence SQ2 contains all prime numbers of the form 6n+1. All existing prime numbers seem to be contained in these two number sequences, except of the prime numbers 2 and 3. Riemanns Zeta Function also seems to indicate, that there is a logical connection between the mentioned number sequences and the distribution of prime numbers. This connection is indicated by lines in the diagram of the Zeta Function, which are formed by the points s where the Zeta Function is real. Another key role in the distribution of the prime numbers plays the number 5 and its periodic occurrence in the two number sequences SQ1 and SQ2. All non-prime numbers in SQ1 and SQ2 are caused by recurrences of these two number sequences with increasing wave-lengths in themselves, in a similar fashion as Overtones (harmonics) or Undertones derive from a fundamental frequency. On the contrary prime numbers represent spots in these two basic Number Sequences SQ1 and SQ2 where there is no interference caused by these recurring number sequences. The distribution of the non-prime numbers and prime numbers can be described in a graphical way with a -Wave Model- (or Interference Model) -- see Table 2.
Category: Number Theory

[330] viXra:1907.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 16:53:39

The Distribution of Natural Numbers Divisible by 2, 3, 5, 11, 13 and 17 on the Square Root Spiral

Authors: Harry K. Hahn
Comments: 12 pages, 6 figures

The natural numbers divisible by the Prime Factors 2, 3, 5, 11, 13 and 17 lie on defined spiral graphs, which run through the Square Root Spiral. A mathematical analysis shows, that these spiral graphs are defined by specific quadratic polynomials. Basically all natural number which are divisible by the same prime factor lie on such spiral graphs. And these spiral graphs can be assigned to a certain number of Spiral Graph Systems, which have a defined spatial orientation to each other. This document represents a supplementation to my detailed introduction study to the Square Root Spiral, and it contains the missing diagrams and analyses, showing the distribution of the natural numbers divisible by 2, 3, 5, 11, 13 and 17 on the Square Root Spiral. My introduction study to the Square Root Spiral can also be found in this archive. The title of this study : The ordered distribution of the natural numbers on the Square Root Spiral.
Category: Number Theory

[329] viXra:1907.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 18:18:45

Some Questions of Modern Science About the Special Theory of Relativity

Authors: Valentín Ibáñez Fernández
Comments: 10 Pages.

ABSTRACT The new points of view of relativity and the new physical phenomena opened in the systems of inertial movement presents in this work. The new points of view in the special theory of relativity, open new laws of motion in works1-16 for solid bodies, as for electromagnetic waves. For all physical objects of motion, the new laws of motion present a new theory of physical processes, which occur in the rest system, and in inertial motion systems. In addition, the bijective transformation of these physical processes to all systems of inertial movement in absolute time presents. In the works 1-16 is shown experimentally and theoretically the change a speed in the systems of inertial movement. The causes of the change of the speed in moving systems describe for solids and for electromagnetic waves. In addition, shown that in an inertial system in motion, there is no possibility to measure the real values of the distances, which pass the solid bodies and electromagnetic waves with respect to the rest system. The enormous base of practical experiments in science, carried out in inertial movement systems, confirms all the scientific conclusions developed in the given works. The theoretical analysis of the state of special theory of relativity of A. Einstein 17-20 in this work convincingly confirms reality of the need to find a new solution to errors in this work and exposes a new special theory of relativity. ABSTRACT Los nuevos puntos de vista de la relatividad y los nuevos fenómenos físicos abiertos en los sistemas de movimiento inercial, se presentan en este trabajo. Los nuevos puntos de vista en la teoría especial de la relatividad, abren nuevas leyes de movimiento en trabajas 1-16., tanto para los cuerpos sólidos, como para las ondas electromagnéticas. Para todos los objetos físicos de movimiento, las nuevas leyes de movimiento presentan una nueva teoría de los procesos físicos, que ocurren tanto en el sistema de reposo, como en los sistemas de movimiento inerciales. Además, se presenta la trasformación biyectiva de estos procesos físicos a varios sistemas de movimiento inercial en tiempo absoluto. En estos trabajos1-16 se muestra experimentalmente y teóricamente el cambio de la velocidad en los sistemas de movimiento inercial. Se describen las causas del cambio de la velocidad en los sistemas en movimiento, tanto para sólidos, como para ondas electromagnéticas. Y se muestra que en un sistema inercial en movimiento, no hay posibilidad de medir los valores reales de las distancias, que pasan los cuerpos sólidos y ondas electromagnéticas con respecto al sistema de reposo. La enorme base de experimentos prácticos en ciencia, realizados en sistemas de movimiento inerciales, confirma todas las conclusiones científicas desarrollados en los trabajos dados. El análisis teórico del estado de teoría especial de relatividad de A. Einstein17-20, en este trabajo, confirma convincentemente realidad de necesidad de encontrar nueva solución de errores de este trabajo y exponer nueva Teoría especial de la relatividad.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[328] viXra:1907.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 20:59:13

Presenting Flow-Gravity: the Accelerating Flow of a Real Something Into the Inside of Masses, as Gravity`s Mechanism

Authors: Natan A Cerqueira
Comments: Pages. I'm looking for a physicist and author that wants to participate in the work, scientifically and comercially (a book with 256 p. already exists).

> Pure thought brought up and developed an idea that should have emerged in the pre-relativity time: Isn`t the “wind of space”, in Earth`s surface, what we call gravity? The flow of a real something, vertical at the surface, pointed towards the planet`s center, and put to accelerate by the convergence of the trajectories (funneling). > The idea found no contradictons, and is actually endorsed by general relativity, because a non-solid can only present a geometry precisely when flowing and being funneled; “*space flow” instead of “curved space” did not imply in any compromise to equations or experimental tests. > Reflections on the idea naturally led to an all-encompassing mechanical model of the universe.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[327] viXra:1907.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 01:22:08

Magnetic Liquid Droplets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Inventors of centuries past and scientists of today have found ingenious ways to make our lives better with magnets-from the magnetic needle on a compass to magnetic data storage devices and even MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) body scan machines. [31] McHenry's group, in collaboration with the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), NASA Glenn Research Center, and North Carolina State University, are designing a two and half kilowatt motor that weighs less than two and half kilograms. [30] Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been attracting a lot of attention recently. This is because of the increased demand for faster, longer-lasting and lower-energy IT systems, and the need for higher data storage capacity. [29] Researchers have discovered that using an easily made combination of materials might be the way to offer a more stable environment for smaller and safer data storage, ultimately leading to miniature computers. [28] demonstrated an original layout of a prototype of multiresonator broadband quantum-memory interface. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[326] viXra:1907.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 01:37:46

Molecular Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

This could be a step toward molecular computing-building circuits up from molecules rather than carving them out of silicon as a way to max out Moore's Law and make the most powerful conventional computers possible. [37] From books to floppy disks to magnetic memory, technologies to store information continue to improve. Yet threats as simple as water and as complex as cyberattacks can still corrupt our records. [36] Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have come up with a way to manipulate tungsten diselenide (WSe2)-a promising two-dimensional material-to further unlock its potential to enable faster, more efficient computing, and even quantum information processing and storage. [35] The human brain has amazing capabilities making it in many ways more powerful than the world's most advanced computers. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[325] viXra:1907.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-19 05:56:43

The Black Hole in M87 (Eht2017) May Provide Evidence for a Poincare Dodecahedral Space Universe

Authors: Harry K. Hahn
Comments: 38 pages

The M87 (EHT2017) black hole images indicate a dodecahedral structure of the gravitational singularity. One feature in the fiducial image sequence caught my eye and forced me to write this paper here ! It‘s the apparent existence of 5 knots in the ring-structure and the nearly symmetrical pentagonal-shape of the black hole shadow ! In Paper IV it is written that the current image reconstructions and visibility-domain analyses are not able to confirm or reject the reality of the “knots” seen in the images, and these features should therefore be interpreted with caution. But if these knots turn out to be real and stable, then we may look at a gravitational singularity which indicates a more complex universe then expected ! The pentagonal ring structure may indicate a Poincare Dodecahedral Space ( PDS ) structure of our universe, and a dodecahedral shaped gravitational singularity ( black hole ) in the center of M87. The images may provide evidence for the underlying universal theory of our universe Albert Einstein was searching for. I.V. Volovich describes the construction of a universal physical theory based on pure numbers as fundamental entities. And I want to show the importance of number 5 for the distribution of primes and non-primes as a base for this theory. With the help of another study with title: Phase spaces in Special Relativity : Towards eliminating gravitational singularities - a way was found to express (calculate) all natural numbers and their square roots only by using the constant Phi (ϕ) and number 1. An algebraic term found by Mr Peter Danenhower in this study made this possible. With the formulas which I have found it‘s possible to express all natural numbers and their square roots only with Phi & 1 ! This is an interesting discovery because it also allows to describe most ( maybe all ) geometrical objects only with Phi & 1. The constant Pi (π) can also be expressed only by using the constant Phi and 1 ! The result of this discovery may lead to a new base of number theory. Not numbers like 1, 2, 3,…. and constants like Pi (π) etc. may form base of number theory ! Only the constant Phi and the base unit 1 (which shouldn’t be considered as a number) may form the base of mathematics and geometry. This will certainly also have an impact on physics ! And eventually it will lead to an universal mathematical and physical theory !
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[324] viXra:1907.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 08:20:15

Largest Dark Matter Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Most of the remaining components needed to fully assemble an underground dark matter-search experiment called LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) arrived at the project's South Dakota home during a rush of deliveries in June. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[323] viXra:1907.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 08:27:21

Two Cubic Equations and pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

This note presents some formulas for Pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[322] viXra:1907.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 08:31:03

On: Z*z*z-7*z*z+3*z-1=0

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

We give a formula for Pi.
Category: Number Theory

[321] viXra:1907.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 09:22:34

X-Ray Telescope Study Dark Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

A long-awaited German-Russian telescope to survey the X-ray sky in unprecedented detail was successfully launched from Kazakhstan's Baikonur Cosmodrome on 13 July. [28] Most of the remaining components needed to fully assemble an underground dark matter-search experiment called LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) arrived at the project's South Dakota home during a rush of deliveries in June. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[320] viXra:1907.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 10:13:05

Rydberg Quantum Simulators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

The three-year Rydberg Quantum Simulators (RYSQ) project was set up to capitalize on the versatility of Rydberg atoms in order to address a variety of quantum simulations. [38] Using lasers, U.S. and Austrian physicists have coaxed ultracold strontium atoms into complex structures unlike any previously seen in nature. [37] A team of researchers has now presented this state of matter in the journal Physical Review Letters. The theoretical work was done at TU Wien (Vienna) and Harvard University, the experiment was performed at Rice University in Houston (Texas). [36] The old question, whether quantum systems show recurrences, can finally be answered: Yes, they do-but the concept of recurrence has to be slightly redefined. [35] Researchers at Purdue University have performed the first experimental tests of several fundamental theorems in thermodynamics, verifying the relationship between them and providing a better understanding of how nanoparticles behave under fluctuation. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information-known as qubits-that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[319] viXra:1907.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 10:22:50

The Mystery of Nature Discovered

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 8 Pages.

The article presents the discovery of an error in physics, which has been for over two hundred years passed on to next generations as an irrefutable truth. This error concerns the law of conservation of energy.
Category: Classical Physics

[318] viXra:1907.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 10:20:16

Non-Interactive Mechanics

Authors: Nishant kumar sharma
Comments: 26 Pages.

The theory of new type of particles called non-intractable particles, these are the particles which attend every mass state in universe, These Particle Explains The Contraction Of Fermions In Fermi-Dirac Statics These Particles Moves In Straight Line And Remain Same In Quantum ,Classical And Relativistic Systems, with it defining the statistic of Non-Intractable particles, The relation Of Particle-Matter Union N+M = 0 ,the equations of Non-Interactive Mechanics, For Matter Particle Relation And Nucleus Energy , Mass , Radius Detection , Ramanujan Entering The Way By Which Non-Intractable Particles Emit, Ramanujan Effect Way Of Exchange Of Particles By Matter. structure of Nucleus and Atom according to Non-Interactive Mechanics, proof of Dirac Particle-Antiparticle theory, Nishant Effect -The process by which Non-Interactive particles react with matter And Need Of Improvement In Equations Where Mass Is Mentioned Such As N+M In Place Of M Only. with this the proofs of Nishant effect 1. Linear harmonic oscillator 2. Plank’s Quantum Hypothesis 3. Mass- energy relation E=mc^2 4.Non-Intractable Particles 20817.22 m/sec Faster Than The Detected velocity of light 5. The Relativistic relation E^2=P^2C^2+m^2c^4 , A Proof Of Equations where Mass Is Mentioned Should Be Written As E = (N+M) C^2.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[317] viXra:1907.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 10:51:30

Anticipated Nuclear Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

The precise determination of the neutron skin of lead (or how far the neutrons stick out from the protons in the nucleus) tells us about the equation of state (EOS) of neutron matter. [38] Matter is composed of chemical elements mainly created in stars via nuclear reactions and complex nuclear reaction networks. [37] These particles are produced by stellar flares or by shock waves driven by magnetic events in the stellar corona. [36] Researchers have investigated wave-particle interactions between energetic electrons and chorus waves evolving in the space surrounding the Earth using the scientific satellite Arase and, simultaneously, transient auroral flashes by the ground-based global observation network. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[316] viXra:1907.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 11:07:43

Serendipity Quantum Photonic

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

During her research on measuring light wavelengths using this photonic chip, Caterina Taballione of the University of Twente came across yet another application serendipitously-by sending single photons through the system instead of continuous light, the optical components can perform quantum operations, as well. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[315] viXra:1907.0337 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-18 19:09:46

Testing the Number of Space-Time Dimensions by the 5.9 Years Repeated Millikan’s Oil Drop Experiments

Authors: E Koorambas
Comments: 21 Pages. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 444 Castro Street, Suite 900, Mountain View, Califor

The basic motive of the five-dimensional Kaluza–Klein theory is the unification of gravity and electromagnetism. A feature of these theories was the relation between the electromagnetic coupling e, and gravitational coupling GN and the radius of the fifth dimension Rc. The radius of the fifth dimension Rc is thus fixed by the elementary electric charge. From the known value of the elementary charge, we find that Rc is of the order of the Planck length. Based on The five-dimensional Kaluza–Klein theory, we show that if the observed harmonic pattern of the laboratory-measured values of GN is due to some environmental or theoretical errors, these errors must also affect the elementary electric charge e. We calculate the values of fundamental electric charge e predicted by 3+1 and 4+1 dimensional space-time model respectively. We find that in the case of 4+1 the fundamental electric charge e values are oscillated with the 5.9 year LOD oscillation cycle, while in the case of 3+1 spacetime dimensions the fundamental electric charge e is constant and perfect fitted to the straight line. Furthermore, we propose that the number of space-time dimensions can be reveal by the 5,9 years repeated Millikan’s oil drop experiments.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[314] viXra:1907.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 13:48:01

Spherical Solution of Classical Quantum Gravity

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 5 Pages. Thank you for reading

In the general relativity theory, using Einstein’s gravity field equation, we discover the spherical solution of the classical quantum gravity. The careful point is that this theory is different from the other quantum theory. This theory is made by the Einstein’s classical field equation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[313] viXra:1907.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 00:28:51

Cosmological Concepts Astrophysical Extension of Non Interactive Mechanisms

Authors: Nishant kumar sharma
Comments: 28 Pages.

Non-Interactive Mechanics Which Is Evaluated From Fermi-Dirac Statistics And The Formulation Is Based On The Contraction Of Fermions. By using the rules of non-interactive mechanics Defining The condition for creating a zero space And Infinity Space, condition for space creation and it’s formula With Satisfying The Condition , condition for appearance of time With Satisfying The Condition Theoretically And Experimentally ,varies types of systems For The Movement Of Class Zero Particles, Atmamoul medium for the movement of Class Zero particles , concept of Para-Kans. concepts of app. Stable systems (planets ,Stars) ,concept of consciousness, Gravitation The Emergent Phenomena From Non-Intractable Particles , How Newton To Einstein We Are On The Correct Path Of Gravitation And How Einstein Was Right About Cosmological Constant Even When Universe Is Expanding And Why We Need An Extension To Understand Gravitation Correctly, What Is Gravitation And How It Originate , Types Of Gravitation And Gravitational Waves, The Test About Contracting Gravitation That Could Be or May Be already detected In Ligo, The Equations To Describe The Behavior Of Gravitation, The Combined Field Equation Of Gravitation For Expanding And Contraction Nature With Satisfying The Equation, Conditions To Find Graviton.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[312] viXra:1907.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 00:38:31

Law Of Gravitation For Non-Intractable Particles

Authors: Nishant kumar sharma
Comments: 12 Pages.

In This Manuscript We Will Study About The Gravitation Formula Of Non-Interactive Formula Which Will Be Derived From The Sir Isaac Newton’s Gravitation Formula ,Then By Using Non-Interactive Mechanics We Will Study How The Gravitation Formula Of Non-Interactive Mechanics Shows Sir Newton’s Laws Of Motion, Here We Will Discuss First Law , Second Law And Third Law ,Then We Will Study Non-Interactive Particles Are The First Force And Work Of Each Action. why Graviton Should Be A Non-Interactive Particle. Why Any Mass State Can’t Be In Rest In Universe According To Classical And Non-Interactive Mechanics. The Free Movement Of Non-Intractable Particles In Universe Existence Of Non-Intractable Particles In Space And Solar System.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[311] viXra:1907.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 01:02:45

Two-Qubit Gate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

A group of scientists led by 2018 Australian of the Year Professor Michelle Simmons have achieved the first two-qubit gate between atom qubits in silicon-a major milestone on the team's quest to build an atom-scale quantum computer. [48] In a recent study, researchers at the University of Colorado have resolved phonon Fock states in the spectrum of a superconducting qubit coupled to a multimode acoustic cavity. [47] "Our bacterially produced graphene material will lead to far better suitability for product development," Meyer says. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[310] viXra:1907.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 01:16:19

Sketches On Polysigns And Other Arithmetics Operators

Authors: Kujonai
Comments: 48 Pages.

A compilation of drawings sprung during a email exchanging with T. Golden, author of the Polysigns numbers. It must be mentioned that he accepts only some of the concepts presented here. Although we do share some common ground while talking about Polysigns and/or "simplexogonal" arithmetics, we do have some differences in the approach. In anycase, it is required some understanding of the Polysign Notation to fully appreciate the drawings. A few important bits arose as a direct consequence of the interaction and some are presented here, in a rather highly informal way.
Category: Algebra

[309] viXra:1907.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 03:16:38

Lin's Helicopter a New Type of Helicopter Which Can Fly Faster

Authors: Zhixian Lin
Comments: 5 Pages.

This file proposed a new type of helicopter which can fly faster than a traditional helicopter. It is a coaxial helicopter, but its rotor blades can be used as fixed wings also, and I named this rotor blades Coaxial Wing. It is very easy to switch between vertical flight mode and horizontal flight mode, and it can be switched in seconds. In the horizontal flight mode, it is equal to a fixed wing biplane. In the vertical flight mode, it is a coaxial helicopter. It has both the advantages of fixed-wing aircrafts and helicopters.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[308] viXra:1907.0330 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-19 05:53:42

Is the Weak Force a Force?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 9 Pages.

In our previous paper, we explored the epistemological foundation of quantum chromodynamics: what concepts and models are we using, and what does Occam’s Razor Principle has to say about that? In this paper we do the same for the weak force. We think the force concept should not be applied to the analysis of decay or disintegration processes. The idea of W and/or Z bosons mediating the weak force makes even less sense. W/Z bosons should be thought of as debris: transient or resonant matter. We suggest the whole idea of bosons mediating forces resembles 19th century aether theory: we don’t need it. The implication is clear: if that’s the case, then we also don’t need gauge theory and/or quantum field theory.
Category: Quantum Physics

[307] viXra:1907.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 05:42:48

The Physics Behind Yellow Stone Volcano Eruption

Authors: B. Ravi Sankar
Comments: 5 Pages. 26-07 - 2026 is the judgement day. The Yellowstone volcano will erupt and the world will end. It is an apocalypse.

The physics behind any super volcano eruption is explained in this paper. It is to be noted that the physics behind the eruption is only explained here not the exact time of eruption. There exists a method called time series prediction in computer science algorithms and using modern day computers, one can predict the exact time of eruption provided the site earthquake/temperature/eruption history and which is beyond the scope of this paper. The spin velocity of earth at the equator is nowhere derived in the literature, but it is a measured quantity due to the spacecraft industry. In this paper, the spin velocity of earth at the equator is derived for the first time. The earth spin axis is tilted by 23.50 due to which we are having seasons. The tilted axis is not fixed or stationary. It precesses and makes a cone as viewed from north or south pole with a period of 26500 years. This precession is due to multi-body gravitational interaction in solar system which can be solved only numerically using modern day computers. Nutation is not considered in this paper. The precession of earth is opposite to the spin of of earth, due to which the earth de￾celerates. The deceleration is not a continuous function of time. It decelerates once in 26500 years. This deceleration causes energy to be accumulated beneath earth crust. An exact figure of how much energy the yellow stone volcano will erupt is given in joules. This ac￾cumulated energy erupts once in 26500 years and we call it as super volcano eruption. In the context of this paper it is yellow stone volcano located in USA. But geologists are claiming that a super volcano erupts only once in around 8 lakh years without proper scientific reasoning. Already due to global warming the yellow stone volcano had become active. The eruption can be prevented if we start producing food items like wheat,rice,apple etc. in factories. If we do that, farmlands can be planted with trees and hence a 20 centigrade reduction in temperature will prevent any volcano eruption. In order to produce crop items in factory, we need surplus of electric energy. This is possible if and only CERN achieves nuclear fusion reactions on a grand scale and also global scientist should come forward to work on pico-electronics to produce crops in factories. Otherwise it is going to be an apocalypse or doomsday/judgment day.
Category: Geophysics

[306] viXra:1907.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 06:58:12

A Polynomial Time and Non-Heuristic Solution for NP-Complete Problems (Clique, TSP & Sudoku)(P=NP)

Authors: John Archie Gillis
Comments: 30 Pages.

The present article takes a novel approach to solving NP-Complete problems and provides steps that a computational device and software program can follow to accurately solve NP-class problems without the use of heuristics or brute force methods. The present methods are fast and accurate if utilized properly. The paper states that the solution to solving the P vs NP question (and our ability to design algorithms to solve such problems efficiently) lies in a novel method presented for searching, filtering, combining and structuring data, which describes a novel method for breaking specific problems into logical groupings that the present inventor (John Archie Gillis) has defined as collaborative variables. They utilize novel binary representations/conversions, so that one can more easily and quickly determine selected and desired informational outputs. Many have stated that a solution to this problem will create the world’s first trillionaire as it addresses many pattern-matching and optimization problems that are of great practical interest, such as determining the optimal arrangement of transistors on a silicon chip, developing accurate financial-forecasting models, or analyzing protein-folding behaviour in a cell. Since all the NP-complete optimization problems become easy with the present methods, everything will be much more efficient. Transportation of all forms can now also be scheduled optimally to move people and goods around quicker and cheaper. Manufacturers can improve their production to increase speed and create less waste. Developments in vision recognition, language comprehension, translation and many other learning tasks will now become much simpler as well. It is felt that by utilizing the systems of the present invention in numerous fields, that the present paper will have profound implications for mathematics, cryptography, algorithm research, artificial intelligence, game theory, internet packet routing, multimedia processing, philosophy, economics and many other fields.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[305] viXra:1907.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 08:34:28

Bohr's Complementarity and Afshar's Experiment: Non-Dualistic Study at the Single-Quantum Level

Authors: C Ravi Kumar, N Gurappa
Comments: 4 pages, 1 figure

Using a newly proposed `wave-particle non-dualistic interpretation' of the quantum formalism, Bohr's principle of complementarity is analyzed in the context of the single-slit diffraction and the Afshar's experiments - at the single-quantum level. The fundamental flaw in the Afshar's argument is explicitly pointed out.
Category: Quantum Physics

[304] viXra:1907.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 10:26:22

Charge Asymmetry in Top-Quark Pairs

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

This allowed ATLAS to detect and measure an unprecedented number of events involving top-antitop quark pairs, providing ATLAS physicists with a unique opportunity to gain insight into the top quark's properties. [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[303] viXra:1907.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 10:40:26

Majorana Photons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Alfano and his research team are claiming another breakthrough with a new super-class of photons dubbed "Majorana photons." [34] As mysterious as the Italian scientist for which it is named, the Majorana particle is one of the most compelling quests in physics. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[302] viXra:1907.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 10:57:35

Artificial Intelligence Design Metamaterials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Metamaterials are artificial materials engineered to have properties not found in naturally occurring materials, and they are best known as materials for invisibility cloaks often featured in sci-fi novels or games. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[301] viXra:1907.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 12:21:41

IceCube Research Upgrade

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The IceCube Neutrino Observatory in Antarctica is about to get a significant upgrade. [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos-the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe-have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector, they were statistically most likely to be in a state of superposition, with no definite flavor or identity. [9] A new study reveals that neutrinos produced in the core of a supernova are highly localised compared to neutrinos from all other known sources. This result stems from a fresh estimate for an entity characterising these neutrinos, known as wave packets, which provide information on both their position and their momentum. [8]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[300] viXra:1907.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 12:39:27

Limitations in Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

A new study from the University of Utah found that in fact, when the insulating layers are as thin as 16 quintuple atomic layers across, the top and bottom metallic surfaces begin to influence each other and destroy their metallic properties. [35] Hailed as a pioneer by Photonics Media for his previous discoveries of supercontinuum and Cr tunable lasers, City College of New York Distinguished Professor of Science and Engineering Robert R. Alfano and his research team are claiming another breakthrough with a new super-class of photons dubbed "Majorana photons." [34] As mysterious as the Italian scientist for which it is named, the Majorana particle is one of the most compelling quests in physics. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[299] viXra:1907.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:32:52

Why Jupiter Diameter =142984 km (Part 2)? (Revised)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 24 Pages.

This Paper discusses the following hypothesis: ("2A" are needed for "1B") The Previous Rule Controls The Solar Planets Basic Data Hypothesis Explanation It tells – all basic solar planets data are created based on the previous rule – we need 2 Equal Values to interact with 1 different Value… Example (No. 1) Solar Planets Diameters Total = 2 Jupiter Diameters + 1 Saturn Diameter How To Understand The Previous Idea: Solar Group Is One Trajectory of Energy – Each Planet Is A Point On It a.The Planet Matter (Mass) is Created of Energy (E=mc2 supports that) b.The Planet Orbital Distance (Space) is Created of Energy (Hypothesis) Solar Group can be similar to one machine each plant is a gear in it (or one body and each planet is a member of this same body) The Solar Group is Created from only One Energy The Solar Planets and their orbital distances are created depending on Each Other The basic solar planets data are created based on this rule ("2A" for "1B")
Category: Astrophysics

[298] viXra:1907.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:39:05

Optimization of Production and Animal Transit in an Integrated Crop-Livestock System with no-Tillage

Authors: Vinicius Teixeira do Nascimento, Angel Ramon Sanchez Delgado, Sergio Drumond Ventura
Comments: 11 Pages.

Nowadays integrated crop-livestock production systems have been presented as a viable and sustainable alternative in economic, social and environmental terms. This work develops and implements a mixed integer programming model (MIXP) that represents or simulates numerically the optimum operational conditions of an integrated crop-livestock system with no-tillage (iCLS-NT), including animal transit. For the computational implementation of the model, data on the fitness of the live weight gain of each animal of the herd considered, in each period and area of the (iCLS-NT), (confinement, pasture and annual crop), as well as marginal net income of each crop and the costs per unit of food considered. In order to test the validity of the developed mathematical model, data were randomly generated. To solve each MIXP, we used the solver INTLINPROG in the software MATLAB. Thus, after the computational implementation, it was verified that the program meets all restrictions imposed, maximizes the weight gain of each animal, provides the best selection of annual crops and minimizes feeding costs in the confinement area.
Category: General Mathematics

[297] viXra:1907.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:42:09

Estudo Taxonômico da Tribo Cassieae (Leguminosae – Caesalpinioideae) no Parque Ecológico Engenheiro Ávidos, Cajazeiras–PB

Authors: Flávio Sousa Souto, Aclébia Alves Quaresma, Rubens Teixeira de Queiroz, Maria do Socorro Pereira
Comments: 21 Pages.

This work consists in a taxonomic study of the Tribe Cassieae in the Engenheiro Ávidos Ecological Park, Cajazeiras - Paraíba, carried out between February/2017 an April/2018. Twelve species were recorded in the area, distributed in two genera: Chamaecrista (6) and Senna (6). Among the species found, we highlight Chamaecrista pilosa, here cited as a new registry for the state of Paraíba and the occurrences of C. amiciella and C. duckeana, endemic species of the Caatinga. Analytical key for species identification, morphological descriptions and complementary information are presented. In this context, the relevant contribution of this study to the knowledge of the flora in the region is evidenced.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[296] viXra:1907.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:44:47

Lista Atualizada da Flora Vascular do Parque Nacional (Parna) Serra de Itabaiana, Sergipe, Brasil

Authors: Ana Cecília da Cruz Silva, Eduardo Vinícius da Silva Oliveira, Marccus Alves, Marta Cristina Vieira Farias, Aline da Costa Mota, Christopher Anderson Santos Souza, Ana Paula do Nascimento Prata
Comments: 28 Pages.

The Serra de Itabaiana National Park is located in an ecotone between Atlantic Rainforest and Caatinga biomes. It is one of the main areas of scientific studies in Sergipe. There are works approaching botanical families and listings of vascular flora. However, there is a need to update and compile the lists to better knowledge of the diversity of local flora. Therefore, a checklist was prepared from previous publications and Herbarium database of the Federal University of Sergipe (ASE). In total 124 families and 830 species of vascular plants were recorded distributed between Angiosperm (803 species), Ferns and Lycophytes (26) and Gymnosperms (1). The families of greater richness were: Fabaceae (73 species), Poaceae (65), Cyperaceae (59), Rubiaceae (40) and Asteraceae (36). The most representative habits were herbs (41.2%), shrubs (24.7%) and tree (17.6%). One hundred and seventy species are new occurrences for Sergipe, there is a new species for science, six rare species, three endangered species, nine almost endangered and three vulnerable, in addition there are 80 endemic species of the Atlantic Forest and 13 endemic to the Caatinga.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[295] viXra:1907.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:46:52

Estudo Taxonômico Das Subfamílias Cercidoideae e Detarioideae (Leguminosae) no Parque Ecológico Engenheiro Ávidos, Sertão Paraibano

Authors: Flávio Sousa Souto, Aclébia Alves Quaresma, Anaine Batista Araruna, Rubens Teixeira de Queiroz, Maria do Socorro Pereira
Comments: 7 Pages.

The subfamilies Cercidoideae and Detarioideae represent the basal lineages among the Leguminosae. In this work it is reported the occurrence of three species in the Engenheiro Ávidos Ecological Park, being two members of Cercidoideae, Bauhinia cheilantha (Bong.) Steud. and B. pentandra (Bong.) D. Dietr. and one of Detarioideae, Tamarindus indica L. It is worth mentioning that B. pentandra occurs in Paraíba only in the municipalities that comprise the Sertão mesoregion, while B. cheilantha is distributed in all geographic regions of the state. Tamarindus indica is an exotic species, widely cultivated, due to its food potential. These floristic data are relevant because they contribute to the increase of the knowledge of the vegetal cover in the semiarid.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[294] viXra:1907.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:49:57

Avaliação de Perdas Nos Sistemas Públicos de Abastecimento de água no Estado de Sergipe

Authors: Marcos Luciano Alves Barroso
Comments: 11 Pages.

In recent years, little attention has been paid to investments in maintenance and modernization of the management of public water supply systems in many Brazilian cities. In the State of Sergipe, this fact has resulted in a series of inefficiencies in the supply, among which, the high loss of water, physical and financial for the state concessionaire in several cities stands out. Thus this work seeks to identify a picture of the conditions of water loss management in the public supply systems in the six largest municipalities of the State of Sergipe. The fact is therefore that the concessionaire indicates that the lack of technology that ensures better monitoring of public water supply systems in cities that also do not have modern equipment for the actual measurement of water distributed and consumed. Thus, the work was constructed accounting for information and indicators from the National Sanitation Information System (SNIS) that reveal the situation of cities in Sergipe from 2008 to 2017. They revealed that incentives for more efficient maintenance are limited and, in general, water is treated as a free good, stimulating non-payment and uncontrolled use of it. This situation creates many problems for the maintenance of the concessionaire and service providers, such as the production of water, which in most cases is much higher than necessary, amplifying production costs and providing a significant loss of water production in the physical loss. This represents cost incurred, part of the water is not charged, resulting in losses of billing, that is, the consumer consumes, but does not pay, resulting in costs of production and distribution without inferring revenue.
Category: Economics and Finance

[293] viXra:1907.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:52:37

Ab Initio Study of the Main Components of Biodiesel Derived from Soybean Oil

Authors: José Agripino de Araújo, Carlos Davidson Pinheiro, Luciano Leal Morais Salles, Albaneide Fernandes Wanderley, Elson Longo
Comments: 12 Pages.

The present study was conducted using the Gaussian 03 computational package to demonstrate properties involving the main molecules of methyl esters derived from fatty acids in soybean oil. The data were analyzed in terms of the energy of the system and Mulliken charges on the atoms investigated. The aim was to address the problem of fossil fuels with regard to environmental impact. Theoretical analysis of the ester molecules resulting from the transesterification reaction with methanol was performed based on the ab initio method using the 6-31G basis set.
Category: Chemistry

[292] viXra:1907.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:55:02

Primeiro Registro Fóssil de Alligatoridae do Mato Grosso do Sul e O Valor Sistemático Das Rosáceas em Caimaninae

Authors: Caio Fabricio Cezar Geroto, Alessandro Marques de Oliveira, Thais Agrella Janolla
Comments: 17 Pages.

In the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Pleistocene or Holocene vertebrate fossils are dicovered mostly in limestone caves from Serra da Bodoquena. In addition, such fossils commonly belong to large mammals, such as giant sloths, armadillos, glyptodonts, proboscids and large carnivores. However, the occurrence of other vertebrate fossils is scarce. In view of the above, the goal of this work was to perform the first description of Crocodylia fossils from the Formoso River, near the mouth of the Miranda River, in the municipality of Bonito-MS. In addition, some systematic comments were performed. The fossils studied herein are two osteoderms. Although the morphological characteristics of the osteoderms do not allow the identification of their precise position (dorsal or caudal), the results of the comparative analyses by means of linear morphometry are suggestive for the identification of Melanosuchus cf. niger, as well as an indeterminate specimen of Eusuchia. A plausible hypothesis would be to consider a putative case of gigantism in Caiman latirostris Daudin, 1802, whose species is still present in the region. Therefore, the fossils records presented here help us to compose a picture about the structure of the vertebrate communities during the Late Quaternary of Mato Grosso do Sul.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[291] viXra:1907.0313 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-18 20:20:50

Cellular Automaton Graphics(8)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 245 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[290] viXra:1907.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 00:42:37

Quantum Information Processing Qudits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Purdue University researchers are among the first to build a gate-what could be a quantum version of a transistor, used in today's computers for processing information-with qudits. [16] Quantum physics has led to new types of sensors, secure data transmission methods and researchers are working toward computers. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[289] viXra:1907.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 00:50:24

Genius

Authors: Tomasz Bodziony
Comments: 22 Pages. 13

The article is devoted to the description of amazing and remarkable coincidences connected with the creation of the General Theory of Relativity by Albert Einstein in 1915. It also attempts to explain why the contribution of David Hilbert to the creation of the General Theory of Relativity was completely forgotten. Introduction
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[288] viXra:1907.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 00:52:07

Einstein Sticks Out His Tongue

Authors: Tomasz Bodziony
Comments: 15 Pages.

This article focuses on the second part of Albert Einstein’s life in the USA after 1933. It is the attempt of the author to approach the life and achievements of Albert Einstein from a different perspective, as well as the encouragement for the reader to form his or her opinion on the matter. Said publication is also the summary of the entire, three-part series of publications relating to Albert Einstein.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[287] viXra:1907.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 02:38:19

Miniature Gravitational Wave Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A team of physicists and astronomers from Northwestern University is poised to lead gravitational-wave astronomy into its next evolution. [20] The improvement will see the twin observatories — located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US – double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[286] viXra:1907.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 03:03:03

Mystery of Universe Expansion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Astronomers have made a new measurement of how fast the universe is expanding, using an entirely different kind of star than previous endeavors. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[285] viXra:1907.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 03:13:14

An Insight Into [ Random Numbers-QRNG-Ai/machine Learning Libraries/mruby/ruby/ruby-Machine Learning/jiprolog ] Interaction Within the Context of Telecom Hardware Configuration & Prevention of Cyber Threats.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Insight into [ Random Numbers-QRNG-AI/Machine Learning Libraries/mruby/Ruby/Ruby-Machine Learning/JIProlog ] interaction within the Context of Telecom Hardware Configuration & Prevention of Cyber Threats. [AI/ML/Randomness/Random Numbers & Challenging Applications in IT/Telecom Domains ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[284] viXra:1907.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 03:33:09

Black Plastic Renewable Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Research from Swansea University has found how plastics commonly found in food packaging can be recycled to create new materials like wires for electricity—and could help to reduce the amount of plastic waste in the future. [43] Cheap, flexible and sustainable plastic semiconductors will soon be a reality thanks to a breakthrough by chemists at the University of Waterloo. [42] Using short laser pulses, a research team led by Misha Ivanov of the Max Born Institute in Berlin, together with scientists from the Russian Quantum Center in Moscow, has shed light on the extremely rapid processes taking place within these novel materials. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[283] viXra:1907.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 03:48:41

Magnetite Nanowires Transition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

Magnetite (Fe3O4) is best known as a magnetic iron ore, and is the source of lodestone. It also has potential as a high-temperature resistor in electronics. [44] Research from Swansea University has found how plastics commonly found in food packaging can be recycled to create new materials like wires for electricity—and could help to reduce the amount of plastic waste in the future. [43] Cheap, flexible and sustainable plastic semiconductors will soon be a reality thanks to a breakthrough by chemists at the University of Waterloo. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[282] viXra:1907.0303 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-19 23:41:18

Relative Formula (Relationship Between e and π Without i)

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This relative formula shows The relationship between napier number e and π without imaginary unit i.
Category: Number Theory

[281] viXra:1907.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 05:59:16

A Note on Jordan Algebras, Three Generations and Exceptional Periodicity

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 11 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

It is shown that the algebra $ {{\bf J } }_3 [ { \bf C \otimes O } ] \otimes {\bf Cl(4,C) } $ based on the Exceptional Jordan algebra of the complexified octonions, and the complex Clifford algebra in $ {\bf 4D}$, is rich enough to describe all the spinorial degrees of freedom of three generations of fermions in ${\bf 4D}$, and include additional fermionic dark matter candidates. We extend these results to the Magic Star algebras of Exceptional Periodicity developed by Marrani-Rios-Truini and based on the Vinberg cubic $ {\bf T } $ algebras which are generalizations of exceptional Jordan algebras. It is found that there is a one-to-one correspondence among the real spinorial degrees of freedom of ${\bf 4}$ generations of fermions in $ {\bf 4D}$ with the off-diagonal entries of the spinorial elements of the $pair$ $ {\bf T}_3^{ 8, n}, ( {\bf {\bar T}}_3^{ 8, n } ) $ of Vinberg matrices at level $n = 2$. These results can be generalized to higher levels $ n > 2 $ leading to a higher number of generations beyond $ {\bf 4 } $. Three $pairs$ of ${\bf T}$ algebras and their conjugates $ {\bf {\bar T} }$ were essential in the Magic Star construction of Exceptional Periodicity \cite{Alessio} that extends the $ {\bf e}_8$ algebra to $ {\bf e}_8^{ (n) } $ with $ n $ integer.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[280] viXra:1907.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 06:07:57

Dark Energy

Authors: Nishant kumar sharma
Comments: 15 Pages.

In This Manuscript We Described The Dramatic And Strange Behavior Of Particle And Matter Comes Under Dark Energy The Strange Behavior Is Holding Properties To Interchange Their Conditions, And Varies Qualities Of Interchange Of Particle And Matter And Interchange With Mathematical Quantities, Then We Discussed That At Least 10Th Order Dark Energy Is Required To Free And Stable Existence in Universe Then We Shows The Higher Order Dark Energy Of 11th Order , Then There is Description of Cosmic Rays Shower of E10+2.n And E11+2.n Orders At Two Ground Bases (i) 1.38*(10)^(-24) And (ii) 3.3300504*(10)^(-61) ,Then Their Is Discussion About Contraction And Expansion Of Normal Matter Field By The Dark Energy At 14th And 15th Level. Then We Used The Kirchhoff’s Radiation Law To Unite With The Universe Dark Energy And Dark Energy Generator’s Absorption And Emitting Property, Then The Stable State Of Systems For Uniting With The Universal Dark Energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[279] viXra:1907.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:26:53

CRISP Gene Editing Tools

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

A research collaboration between Tufts University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences has led to the development of a significantly improved delivery mechanism for the CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing method in the liver, according to a study published recently in the journal Advanced Materials. [22] Scientists at the University of Kent have developed a new method of determining gene function in a breakthrough that could have major implications for our understanding of the processes of life. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[278] viXra:1907.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:45:04

Fragmentação Florestal na Área de Proteção Ambiental de Tambaba, Paraíba, Brasil

Authors: Saara Souza Rodrigues, Cleber Salimon, Saulo Roberto de Oliveira Vital
Comments: 8 Pages.

One of the most fragmented ecosystems in Brazil is the Atlantic Rain Forest, due to centuries of deforestation along the coast which holds one of the world’s greatest biodiversity. Landscape metrics and shape can impact on border effect on patterns and processes of a forested ecosystem. In this paper, we map and characterize the forest fragmentation of the Tambaba Environmental Protection Area (APA), on the coast of Paraíba State, Brazil, using landscape metrics to verify the effectiveness of this protected area. We conducted a land cover classification (supervised classification by maximum likelyhood, RapidEye imagery) into two categories (1) forest and (2) non forest. Landscape metrics (number of fragments, total core area, proportion of core area, among others) were calculated using ArcGis extension Patch Analyst. From the APA’s total 11.550 ha, 2.200 ha were classified as forest (19%), distributed in 1.364 fragments of different sizes. Total core area varied from 1.470 (10 m border effect) to 370 ha (50 m border effect), dependending on edge effect distance, which provides a true conservation of only 13 to 3% of the total APA. These results point to the necessity of an intense and rigorous surveillance of the compliance with laws, as well as a rational and participatory management, through the APA’s management council and public agencies, in order to protect the remnant fragments.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[277] viXra:1907.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:48:04

Predation of Dermatonotus Muelleri (Anura, Microhylidae) by Guira Guira (Cuculiformes, Cuculidae) in the Coastline of the Sergipe State, Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Francis Luiz Santos Caldas, Bruno Jackson Melo de Almeida, Rafael Alves dos Santos
Comments: 4 Pages.

Predation can drive significant effect upon the community structure. However, the observation and documentation of this ecological interaction is occasional and yet scarce for many groups. Our goal here is to report the predation of Dermatonotus muelleri (Boettger, 1885) by Guira guira (Gmelin, JF, 1788). Because G. guira diet frequently includes small vertebrates we believe that this species may act as an important regulator of D. muelleri population. This predation report can input insights about the knowledge of interactions of Microhylidae Günther, 1858 (1843) members and others species.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[276] viXra:1907.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:47:54

Shape-Encoded Mobile Micromachines

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

In a recent study on Nature Materials, Yunus Alapan and co-workers at the departments of physical intelligence and complex materials in Germany and Switzerland described the dynamic self-assembly of mobile micromachines with desired configurations using preprogrammed physical interactions between structural and motor units. [23] A research collaboration between Tufts University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences has led to the development of a significantly improved delivery mechanism for the CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing method in the liver, according to a study published recently in the journal Advanced Materials. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[275] viXra:1907.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:52:04

Occurrence of Amblyomma Sp. (Acari: Ixodidae) in Tropidurus Hispidus (Spix, 1825) (Squamata: Tropiduridae) in Parque Nacional Serra de Itabaiana, Sergipe, Brazil

Authors: Daniel Oliveira Santana, Francis Luiz Santos Caldas, Lucas Barbosa de Queiroga Cavalcanti, Fabíola Fonseca Almeida Gomes, Bruno Duarte da Silva, Rafael Alves dos Santos, Renato Gomes Faria
Comments: 5 Pages.

Lizards are often parasitized by Acari species (mites and ticks). In this study we report the occurrence of a specimen of tick (Amblyomma sp.) parasitizing a juvenile individual of Tropidurus hispidus (Spix, 1825) in Parque Nacional Serra de Itabaiana (PNSI) in the state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[274] viXra:1907.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:53:59

Aranhas Epígeas de um Fragmento de Mata em área Urbana em Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil

Authors: Raul Azevedo, Kamilla Gonçalves Menezes, Raissa Aguiar Barbosa, Joaquin Deusdedit Rocha Matos Neto, José Onofre Nascimento Monteiro, Alysson Guedes Coutinho, Luis Gonzaga Sales Júnior
Comments: 10 Pages.

Spiders are indicators of environment quality due fact of been sensible to environment changes. Their adaptions among the environment and their relations between vegetal communities make them have a special role in forest ecosystems. However, this relation makes spiders susceptible to effects of urban process and to defloration and ecosystem fragmentation process. A spider fauna survey was developed using 50 “pitfall traps”, annual sample process begun in 2010 and finished in 2011 (total samples = 600) in an urbanized patch. A total of 1238 individuals were collected, constituting 51 species belonged to 18 families which Zodariidae and Lycosidae were most abundant, and Salticidae and Theridiidae were the richest families. It´s also observed many rare species (Singletons and Doubletons). The richness estimators didn´t exhibit a trend do exhibit an asymptote and the relation between collected species and estimated species, suggesting more samples process also suggests a necessity of develop politics to preserve the local biodiversity.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[273] viXra:1907.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:55:39

Críticas ao “Tree Thinking”: Elucidando O Significado Das Relações Filogenéticas

Authors: Rafael Gomes de Souza
Comments: 15 Pages.

The “Tree Thinking” is regarded as the dominant methodology in current Systematic Biology. However, criticisms of the procedures carried out by it are diverse. Here the criticisms made by Fitzhugh regarding its philosophical basis and the consequences of such modifications are presented and defended. Thus, the present work aims to demonstrate that “Tree Thinking”, as it has been used, is incomplete because it does not recognize that phylogenetic relationships are of the causal type previously summarized in an explanatory sketch (cladogram). In addition, to support such an argument, a discussion on the definition and objectives of Systematic Biology and “Tree Thinking” is provided. As a result, it is possible to observe confusion between classifying and systematizing the knowledge by those who follow "Tree Thinking". In addition, “Tree Thinking” fails to provide causal explanations regarding the origin and fixation of the characteristics studied. In this way, “Tree Thinking” can be considered an incomplete practice within Systematic Biology and, therefore, the application of the proposals of Fitzhugh are recommended.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[272] viXra:1907.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:57:45

New Records and Geographic Distribution Map of Pseudopaludicola Pocoto (Anura: Leptodactylidae: Leiuperinae) in Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Charles de Sousa Silva, Igor Joventino Roberto, Robson Waldemar Ávila, Drausio Honorio Morais
Comments: 5 Pages.

We provide new records and an updated geographic distribution map of Pseudopaludicola pocoto Magalhães, Loebmann, Kokubum, Haddad & Garda, 2014 for the Brazilian states of Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte and Pernambuco. The present work helps to fill gaps in distribution of this recently described species in Caatinga Biome, which can be useful in future conservation plans.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[271] viXra:1907.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:59:27

O Status Ecológico Das Comunidades de Fungos Coprófilos

Authors: Francisco J. Simões Calaça, Jéssica Conceição Araújo, Solange Xavier-Santos
Comments: 7 Pages.

We discuss the ecological status of coprophilous fungi communities lato sensu, presenting key points to the definition of scientific hypothesis and future studies aiming to understand the ecological factors that modulate the coprophilous lifestyle’s choice by these fungi. We present a new scientific term (copromycodiversity) that better describes the magnitude of this group, considering the comprehensiveness of this fungal group, including the morphological, physiological and ecological diversities to a coprophilous fungi population recorded to a specific geographical region. Furthermore, we raised some questions related to the life cycle of these fungi, taking into account recent studies as well as the traditionally accepted assumption that supports the spore passage through animals’s gut to its growth and development on dung. We expect that future research would best define these communities, avoiding uncertainties about the definition of the coprophilous lifestyle, even that some species would growth on others substrates (fimicolous fungi), but still displaying some connection with its animal host (coprophilia). While we are waiting for future directions, new hypothesis must be planned and tested aiming the predictors that truly modulates the occurrence of coprophilous fungi in different environments.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[270] viXra:1907.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 08:01:27

Acidentes Causados Por Aranhas e Escorpiões no Estado do Ceará, Nordeste do Brasil: Casos Subnotificados e Superestimados Baseados na Distribuição Geográfica Das Espécies

Authors: Raul Azevedo, Francisco Roberto de Azevedo, Relrison Dias Ramalho, Paulo André Margonari Goldoni, Antonio Domingos Brescovit
Comments: 14 Pages.

The accidents caused by arachnids have increased its frequency along the years and the majority of accidents reports do not contain species identification, contributing to underreporting of data. In Ceará state, specific information about accidents with full notifications or accident description are scarce. In this present study, data about accidents involving spiders and scorpions in Ceará state from 2010 to 2015 period were correlated with geographic distribution based on data from main Brazilian scientific collections of arachnids. An increased number of accidents caused by spiders and scorpions was observed, mainly in 2013 for scorpions, and a constant number of municipalities reported scorpionic accidents to this period. According to Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação - SINAN, in Ceará state, many cases were credited to Phoneutria sp., Loxosceles sp., and Latrodectus sp., whoever this occurrence is not correlated with their geographic distribution supported on arachnid collections data. Therefore, knowledge on species geographic distribution with public health significance combined with properly notified records can contribute to reduction of accidents numbers and development of politics aimed to public health.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[269] viXra:1907.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 08:02:51

Integrando Escolas e Universidade em Sergipe: Uma Oficina Temática Sobre Aves no Busão da Ciência do Agreste e do Sertão

Authors: Cleverton da Silva, Ricardo Santos do Carmo
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper presents results related to the production of one workshop with the theme “Birds: ecosystem functions and services” designed to teach about the functional role of different species of birds in ecosystems. The workshops consider the non-formal education goals and scientific dissemination of the “Science on Wheels: bus of Science of the Agreste and Sertão Project”. The project gathers undergraduates and researchers to promote discussions on scientific topics of biology, chemistry, geography and physics in cities in the state of Sergipe. The Biology workshops focus on the theme of the functions and ecosystem services, which now occupies a central place in the ecology research. In this paper, we present the Science on Wheels Project and discuss the gains in student learning as a result of Biology workshops and advocate more coordination of formal and non-formal forms of scientific education as one of the commitments of universities.
Category: Education and Didactics

[268] viXra:1907.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 08:04:23

Jogos Cooperativos: Uma Proposta Inovadora Para O Ensino da Educação Ambiental

Authors: Hugo da Silva Florentino, Laryssa Abílio Oliveira, Francisco José Pegado Abílio
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article describes the experience of construction, implementation and evaluation of a cooperative board game named "RCT Game" based on the Earth Charter. This is a qualitative study, based on an exploratory and descriptive approach. It was developed and validated with students of different levels of education in a public school in the municipality of João Pessoa, Paraiba. The results indicated that the game had a positive evaluation in the acceptance and satisfaction of the students, being an innovative, dynamic and creative proposal to work on environmental education at different levels of education, as it allows to work not only environmental issues but also social, ethical, political, economic, and cultural issues in a cognitive, affective, creative and reflexive way, while promoting the development of knowledge, attitudes and skills needed to build a sustainable society.
Category: Education and Didactics

[267] viXra:1907.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 08:52:01

Disproof of the Riemann Hypothesis, Long Version

Authors: Igor Hrnčić
Comments: 29 Pages.

In this manuscript we use the Perron formula to connect zeta evaluated on the root free halfplane to zeta evaluated on the critical strip. This is possible since the Perron formula is of the form f(s)=O f(s+w) with O being an integral operator. The variable s+w is on the root free halfplane, and yet s can be on the critical strip. Hence, the Perron formula serves as a form of a functional equation that connects the critical strip with the root free halfplane. Then, one simply notices that in the Perron formula, the left hand side converges only conditionally, whilst the right hand side converges absolutely. This, of course, cannot be, since the left side of an equation is always equal to the right side. This contradiction when examined in detail disproves the Riemann hypothesis. This method is employed on an arbitrary distribution of zeta roots as well, concluding that zeta has a root arbitrarily close to the vertical line passing through unity.
Category: Number Theory

[266] viXra:1907.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 11:23:56

Tolerance Today is a Synonym for Lying!/Толерантность сегодня — это синоним вранья!

Authors: Yana Poplavskaya
Comments: 5 Pages.

Abstract: Yana Poplavskaya exposes the hideous actions of high-ranking people in the field of culture and politics. Their actions lead to a change in people's social awareness. What has been considered bad so far will be considered good./ Аннотация: Яна Поплавская разоблачает отвратительные действия высокопоставленных людей в области культуры и политики. Их действия приводят к изменению общественного сознания людей. То, что до сих пор считалось злом, будет считаться добром.
Category: Social Science

[265] viXra:1907.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:06:05

(Aap Version 1.0 4 Pages 15.07.2019) an Anti-Abortion Philosophy (Aap)

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper proposes an anti-abortion philosophy (AAP) containing some definitions, two main principles and some important recommendations (all based on a set of very solid scientific and juridical arguments), which AAP should be implemented in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and all organic laws on Earth, so that humanity to make a great step towards the definition of true high-morality civilization.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[264] viXra:1907.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:29:00

Bats (Mammalia, Chiroptera) from an Area of Caatinga in Southwestern Bahia, Brazil

Authors: Fábio Soares, Patrício Adriano da Rocha, Stephen Ferrari, Thiago Acioli, James Prado Pinto-Sobrinho
Comments: 9 Pages.

The present study provides an inventory of the bat species recorded in the municipality of Caetité, in southwestern Bahia, Brazil. Sixty-eight individuals were captured, belonging to nine species and three families. The Jackknife 1 procedure estimated a species richness of 9.9. The phyllostomid bats were the most abundant, and Carollia perspicillata (Linnaeus, 1758) was captured most frequently. Our results are consistent with previous studies conducted in Bahia and the Caatinga, providing data on the local bat community structure. It also highlights the importance of rapid inventories for the understanding of the diversity and distribution of the bat fauna.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[263] viXra:1907.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:30:51

Note on bats (Mammalia, Chiroptera) in a Restinga area of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

Authors: Fábio Soares, Marcela Daher, Raul Perrelli, José Armando Torres Moreno, Stephen Ferrari
Comments: 5 Pages.

Currently, forty-one species of bats are known to occur in the restingas of Brazil. However, most studies on restingas’ bats are limited to the south and southeastern regions of Brazil, leaving the northeastern region with a gap of knowledge. The present article presents data on bats captured in three areas of restinga of the municipality of Tibau do Sul, Rio Grande do Norte, collected from a short-term sampling. Mist nets were used to capture bats near the ground and the water bodies. Were captured 38 individuals of six species and two families: five Phyllostomidae and one Molossidae. The bat Carollia perspicillata (Linnaeus, 1758) was the most abundant species. We present here the first list of bats captured in the restinga area for the Rio Grande do Norte State.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[262] viXra:1907.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:32:22

New Records of Albardia Furcata Van Der Weele, 1903 (Neuroptera, Ascalaphidae, Albardiinae) from Paraíba, with Notes on a Predator Species

Authors: Alessandre Pereira-Colavite, Izabela Souza Braga, Wellington Emanuel dos Santos
Comments: 5 Pages.

New records of the rare owlfly Albardia furcata van der Weele, 1903 are provided from the state of Paraiba, in the Caatinga and Atlantic Forest, including four new localities. A referential map is included to the recorded specimens. The first report of the predator fly Peckia (Sarcodexia) lambens (Wiedemann, 1830) on dead body of A. furcata is registered.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[261] viXra:1907.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:33:40

Papel Das Moscas (Insecta, Diptera) na Entomologia Forense

Authors: Wellington Emanuel dos Santos
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper presents a brief review of the role of flies (Insecta, Diptera) in Forensic Entomology. Discussions on presence in human cadavers and vertebrate carcasses, Postmortem Interval (PMI) estimations, studies carried out in Brazil and other countries, families of forensic importance and biological, ecological and distribution aspects of the main species are presented.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[260] viXra:1907.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:36:23

Invasão Biológica Por Cryptostegia Madagascariensis: Uma Abordagem Voltada Para Estresses Abióticos

Authors: Jailma dos Santos de Medeiros, Francisco de Oliveira Mesquita, Leonaldo Alves de Andrade, Cleiton José de Oliveira, Edlânia Maria de Souza, Jânio Kleiber Camelo de Souza
Comments: 11 Pages.

The introduction, accidental or deliberate, of exotic species by different vectors is currently a major global changes, resulting in a number of local and global problems. Although not all introductions of non-native species have negative effects, many of the non-native species can have undesirable effects on biodiversity from the genetic level to the landscape. This work aimed to present the current knowledge on biological invasions by species and particularly on invasive Cryptostegia madagascariensis Bojer ex Decne. New introductions are made every year around the world and only a small part of these taxa become invasive, yet cause serious damage to ecosystems invaded. The success of weed plants is due to the intrinsic characteristics of these species that ensures the same competitive advantages with native species and the level of disruption in new niches which makes them totally supportive environments to establish new species and the emergence of monodominadas areas. In this context is C. madagascariensis, origin of climbing on the island of Madagascar in Africa, which was introduced in Brazil with ornamental purposes, becoming invasive in natural ecosystems, especially in riparian environments and humid lowlands, in the field of savanna and associated ecosystems.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[259] viXra:1907.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:38:03

Diversity and Community Composition of Marine Mollusks Fauna on a Mainland Island of the Coast of Paraná, Southern Brazil

Authors: Marcos de Vasconcellos Gernet, Eduardo Colley, Elizângela da Veiga Santos, Carlos João Birckolz
Comments: 11 Pages.

Farol Island is a continental island in the state of Paraná, southern Brazil. Due to its position in relation to the continent, three distinct environmental areas are observed: rocky shore area with open exposure to the sea (A); estuarine area (B); sandy beach area (C). Considering that the continental islands are excellent study models that reproduce the environmental conditions of the coastal zone in a smaller scale, the study aimed at surveying and researching the marine malacofauna on the Farol Island and comparing the diversity and shellfish composition. The sampling method was based on a monthly collection in three locations for two years (2011-2012). The survey found 91 species: 47 Gastropoda, 41 Bivalvia and three Scaphopoda. The highest abundance and species richness prevailed in environmental area A. The greatest equitability was observed in B and the highest dominance in C. There was a predominance of Gastropoda and Bivalvia in A, while the frequency of Scaphopoda did not vary among environments. The species composition of the three classes varied among the three areas. The variation of diversity and species composition in the three environments may be related to the natural characteristics of each side of the island, as salinity and wave action.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[258] viXra:1907.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:39:33

New Records of Two Species of Acanthocarpus Stimpson, 1871 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Calappidae) in Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Flavio de Almeida Alves-Jr., Ângela Ferreira Pereira, Marina de Sá Leitão Câmara de Araújo
Comments: 7 Pages.

The gladiator box crab of the genus Acanthocarpus Stimpson, 1871 has benthonic habits, occurring in continental shelf on gravel or muddy substrates with occurrence in all oceans, especially between 20-522 m depth. In this paper we report the occurrence of Acanthocarpus alexandri Stimpson, 1871 and A. bispinosus A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 from the Potiguar Basin (Rio Grande do Norte), located in the Brazilian northeast and increase the knowledge about the distributional aspects of this species from Brazilian coast.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[257] viXra:1907.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:42:16

Predation of Hemidactylus Mabouia (Sauria: Gekkonidae) by a Vine Snake Oxybelis Aeneus (Serpentes: Colubridae) in an Atlantic Forest Fragment, Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Lissa Dellefrate Franzini, Carmem Karime Bacalháo Pedro, Lucas Barbosa de Queiroga Cavalcanti, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita
Comments: 4 Pages.

Oxybelis aeneus (Wagler, 1824) is an arboreal snake species that is widely distributed in the American continent whose diet is composed mainly by vertebrates, such as lizards. Several lizard species have already been reported as prey of this snake, including the alien species Hemidactylus mabouia (Moreau de Jonnès, 1818). Herein we describe in details a predation event of H. mabouia by O. aeneus, widening our knowledge regarding the natural history of both species to scientific literature.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[256] viXra:1907.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:45:40

Estudo Teórico Sobre as Propriedades Eletrônicas de Nanoestruturas de Carbono e H-BN

Authors: Guilherme Angelo Moreira Bernardo, Mirleide Dantas Lopes, Sérgio André Fontes Azevedo
Comments: 11 Pages.

The study of nanomaterials has consolidated as a new revolution in the scientific environment. Among the most investigated nanostructures currently are the derivatives of carbon and hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN). Graphene for example it is a hexagonal two-dimensional lattice formed only by carbon atoms. In this sense, we investigated the formation energy and the electronic structure of a graphene plane, a h-BN plane, as well as, four nanocones, with disclination of 60° each, two of them derived from graphene and two derived from h-BN. These investigations were made through the SIESTA Code, a free software that uses first-principles methods, based on Density Functional Theory (DFT), as a parameter for its execution. From observations it was possible to identify which nanostructures showed greater stability, depending on the atomic organization of their respective crystal lattices. In the investigated nanomaterials we realized that both the formation energy per atom and the electron density varied noticeably in function of the different atomic arrangements. Regarding the electrical conductivity, the structures researched presented good agreement with the literature, thus reaffirming the applicability of these nanomaterials in electronic devices.
Category: Quantum Physics

[255] viXra:1907.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:29:24

Efeito de Técnicas de Enriquecimento Ambiental no Comportamento de Leontopithecus Chrysomelas (Kuhl, 1820) (Primates: Callitrichidae)

Authors: Denise Costa Rebouças Lauton, Antônio de Oliveira Costa Neto
Comments: 8 Pages.

Environmental enrichment consists in techniques that modify the captive environment, in order to make it more dynamic. The adoption of the method, often, results in the reduction of abnormal behavior (stereotypies) and expression of a more typical behavioral repertoire. Believing in the effectiveness of environmental enrichment techniques and that it is possible to improve the condition of captives individuals, this work was proposed. There were applied techniques of Physical and Feed enrichment to groups and solitary individuals captives of Leontopithecus chrysomelas (Kuhl, 1820) kept in Tropical Laboratory of Primatology (TLP), of the Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB). The observations were made in three phases: Control; Enrichment of the Physical; and Nutritional. Individuals presented frequent abnormal behaviors during Control phase, such as pacing and excessive watching, especially the lonely individuals. During the experimental phase, only the act to guard presented significant difference for the family groups (Fr2 = 7.58; gl = 2; p = 0.023). The results show that L. chrysomelas of the TLP seem to be more resistant to change, possibly due to the long period of exposition of these to a conditioned environment to a routine and without stimuli. Aimed to modify this scenario, it is suggested to adopt methods of “routine break” concomitant to the techniques of environmental enrichment.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[254] viXra:1907.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:31:38

Population Structure and Fecundity of Upogebia Omissa (Decapoda: Gebiidea: Upogebiidae) in an Estuarine Region in Sergipe, Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Rafael de Carvalho Santos, Luiz Filipe Santos Silva, Bruna dos Santos, Juliana Menezes Motta, Douglas Fernandes Rodrigues Alves
Comments: 9 Pages.

Upogebiidae mud shrimps are important organisms in soft-bottom communities, where they dig burrows acting as ecosystem engineers. The present study describes some parameters of the population structure and the reproductive biology of the mud shrimp Upogebia omissa. The mud shrimps were sampled in the Vaza-Barris estuarine river, Sergipe State, northeastern Brazil. In laboratory, specimens were sexed and measured for carapace length (CL). Ovigerous females had their total eggs counted. The body size ranged between 3.0 and 12.9 mm CL. Males were significantly smaller than females. The overall sex ratio was 0.34, female-biased (binomial test, P = 0.001). Fecundity ranged from 240 to 2339 eggs per female, and it was significantly affected by the bodysize. The sexual dimorphism evidenced by the mean size of each sex is a common pattern in decapods that incubate eggs, and in that case, fecundity normally varies in function of body size. Finally, we suggest that additional studies are needed, given the ecological importance of these mud shrimps and the scarcity of studies about them.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[253] viXra:1907.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:33:27

Some Pycnogonida (Arthropoda: Chelicerata) from the “Paulo Young” Invertebrate Collection (CIPY) of the Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), Brazil

Authors: Rudá Amorim Lucena, Martin Lindsey Christoffersen
Comments: 13 Pages.

Biodiversity studies are increasingly urgent, due mainly to the speed with which anthropic degredation is affecting the environment, marine localities in particular. Due to these human impacts, part of the marine biota is becoming increasingly unavailable in natural environments. Biological collections thus are of key importance, functioning as data bases for studies in Taxonomy, Systematics and Biogeography, as well as for several applied areas of research. Biological collections in Brazil suffer from lack of financial support, lack of human resources (both technical and scientific) and are difficult to access by the scientific cummunity. The Invertebrate Collection “Paulo Young” (CIPY) contains more than 18.000 identified and numbered samples of several marine invertebrates, from sponges to tunicates. The pycnogonid section, although less numerous than many other animal groups, has been the focus of attention in recent years. Several new species and new records have been reported from Brazil. The aim of the present paper is to disclose the CIPY reference collection, recording the Pycnogonida collection that was not the subject of previous publications.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[252] viXra:1907.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:35:41

Relação Entre Massa Corporal e Taxa Respiratória em Arthropoda de Floresta Atlântica (Paraíba, Brasil)

Authors: Idalio Amaranto, Cleber Ibraim Salimon, Douglas Zeppelini
Comments: 10 Pages.

Respiratory rate studies in arthropods refer to important physiological data, since these animals perform important ecosystem functions and because they are the greatest diversity and abundance of animals present on Earth. This study measures and describes respiratory rates through the emission of CO2, and relates them to the body mass of arthropods. The study was carried out in remnant fragments of coastal Atlantic Forest of Paraíba, Brazil. The research encompasses all living subphyla of arthropods (Crustacea, Chelicerata, Myriapoda and Hexapoda) represented by 705 specimens actively collected and tested through respirometry and measured by Infrared Gas Analyzer (IRGA). As a result, we observed that among the studied arthropods, Hexapoda and Chelicerata showed higher rates of carbon dioxide emission, while Crustacea and Myriapoda had the lowest rates. Regarding its relationship with body mass, Hexapoda and Crustacea showed higher respiration by specific mass and, in general, all Arthropoda corroborated the pattern described by animal physiology, where body mass and animal respiratory rate are inversely correlated.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[251] viXra:1907.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:37:35

Breve História da Sistemática de Agaricaceae (Fungi) e Distribuição no Brasil

Authors: Felipe Wartchow
Comments: 17 Pages.

The family Agaricaceae belongs to order Agaricales. In general the agaricoid species of this group are characterized by having squamulose pileus. This revision presents a brief history of the systematic of this group and distribution of their agaricoid species in Brazil since from early 19th Century to present days.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[250] viXra:1907.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:39:19

Registro de Olivancillaria Vesica (Gastropoda, Olividae) Sinistrógira no Litoral do Estado do Paraná, Brasil

Authors: Marcos de Vasconcellos Gernet, Carlos Eduardo Belz, Carlos João Birckolz, Elizângela da Veiga Santos
Comments: 4 Pages.

Olivancillaria vesica (Gmelin, 1791) commonly inhabitant beaches in southern and southeastern Brazil, living semi-buried in sandy substrates from the intertidal zone to deeper areas in the sub-littoral. In this work, we report the meeting of a sinistral shell of O. vesica, characteristic that is rare for this species. Its main measurements are: 10.6 mm in height, 5.1 mm in width, 8.1 mm in height of the aperture and 2.1 mm in width of the aperture. It was collected in the municipality of Matinhos, coast of Paraná state, southernern Brazil, in biodetritic gravel.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[249] viXra:1907.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:41:56

First Record of Calycuoniscus Goeldii (Lemos de Castro, 1967) (Oniscidea: Dubioniscidae) for the State of Piauí, Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Vanderley Ferreira Silva Costa, Daniela Correia Grangeiro, Carlos Anderson Soares Bezerra Pereira
Comments: 6 Pages.

The present work provides the first record of Calycuoniscus goeldii (Lemos de Castro, 1967) from the municipality of Picos, state of Piauí, northeastern Brazil. In addition, this paper contributes to increase the knowledge about the biodiversity of terrestrial isopods of the state of Piauí and distribution of the family Dubioniscidae in northeastern Brazil.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[248] viXra:1907.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:44:04

Exploração e Utilização do Potencial Madeireiro da Caatinga no Município de Aurora – Estado do Ceará

Authors: Amanda Pereira de Souza, Francisco Carlos Pinheiro da Costa, Rosana Ferreira de Alencar, Silvio Felipe Barbosa Lima
Comments: 10 Pages.

Plant species of the Caatinga have considerable logging and economic potential. This paper addresses the extraction and use of Caatinga wood in the municipality of Aurora (state of Ceará, Brazil) as well as residents’ conceptions regarding the origins and environmental impacts of the exploitation of this resource. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on the origin and the forms of wood used. The data showed that, even when recognizing the risks of these actions, the interviewees extract wood from the Caatinga in a destructive manner, which is used for making furniture, doors, sculptures, instruments and fences as well as for fuel in cooking activities in homes, bakeries and pizzerias. The following species were more cited: Mimosa tenuiflora (jurema-preta), Croton sonderianus (marmeleiro), Mimosa caesalpiniifolia (sabiá), Amburana cearensis (cumaru), Combretum leprosum (mufumbo), Myracrodruon urundeuva (aroeira) and Handroanthus impetiginosus (pau-d’arco). The results point to the need for implementation of actions for the supervision and control of the exploitation of the Caatinga vegetation as well as adequate management guidelines for this important natural resource.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[247] viXra:1907.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:46:27

Guia Ilustrado Dos Echinodermata da Porção Sul do Embaiamento Sul Brasileiro

Authors: Maristela de Lima Bueno, Renata Aparecida dos Santos Alitto, Pablo Damian Borges Guilherme, Maikon Di Domenico, Michela Borges
Comments: 68 Pages.

The present guide describes 57 species of Echinodermata Bruguière, 1791 [ex Klein, 1734] from the southern portion of the Brazilian South Estuary (BSE), which includes the following coasts: the Southern of the State of São Paulo, entire of the State of Paraná and Northern of the State of Santa Catarina. We designed this guide for students and researchers providing a valuable resource for the identification and appreciation of shallow-water echinoderms. The guide describes the general features of the phylum Echinodermata, has a brief presentation of the study area and the techniques of collection and preservation of the specimens. For each class, the main morphological structures are illustrated, followed by the diagnoses of the species recorded in the BSE. Within each class, the species are organized by family, then alphabetically according to genus and species. For each species, we provide diagnoses, photos, geographic distribution and habitat when available in the literature. This work is the first illustrated guide of echinoderms in Brazil and complements the knowledge of biodiversity this group and provide support for future interventions, management and maintenance of the diversity of this wonderful group of marine animals.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[246] viXra:1907.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:52:39

Ocorrência de Dentes Fossilizados de Tubarões em Cascalhos Biodetríticos na Praia Dos Amores, Matinhos, Paraná, Brasil

Authors: Marcos de Vasconcellos Gernet, Elizângela da Veiga Santos, Esther Valentina da Veiga de V. Gernet
Comments: 4 Pages.

The coastal plain of Paraná originated in the Quaternary Period from cyclical movements of transgression and marine regression from the Holocene climatic oscillations. The sediments of the coastal plain present dates that vary from Pleistocene to Holocene. Along the coast of Paraná, several points are found that present deposits of biodetritic gravel, with great accumulation of fossiliferous material coming from this geologic period, among them shark teeth. The site chosen for collecting the fossilized teeth was in the gravel bank located in front of the Farol Island, located in the Amores Beach, in the municipality of Matinhos, Paraná. In total, 563 fossilized shark teeth were found, from six different species of two families. These data are very important to better understand this past biodiversity.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[245] viXra:1907.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:57:45

Verificação da Temática Biodiesel no Enem (1998-2017) em Consonância Com Sua Evolução no Contexto Nacional

Authors: Thalyta Pessoa Freire, Geórgia Batista Vieira de Lima, Luciano Leal de Morais Sales
Comments: 15 Pages.

The Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio (Enem) was created in 1998 and has undergone two changes since then. It demands from the candidates the articulation of the knowledge learned in high school, relating them with illustrations, to find a resolution to the problems. Among them, the production and use of biodiesel is one of the subjects charged in the matrix of the exam. Therefore, the research sought to understand the profile of the questions about this biofuel, considering its approach, the national context and the presentation of the information about it in the evaluation. From a universe of 1.503 questions (1998 and 2017), nine were selected. Between the editions of 1998 and 2002 there was no direct mention of the biofuel chosen. From 2003 onwards, the exam addresses from the transformation of vegetable oil into biodiesel, through the transesterification reaction, to its use and production policies.
Category: Education and Didactics

[244] viXra:1907.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 20:00:11

Otimização de um Pórtico Tridimensional de Concreto Armado

Authors: Halina dos Santos Salles, Paulo Frederico Souza Lomeu, Franciane Conceição Peters, Webe João Mansur
Comments: 9 Pages.

In building design, the designers aim a better and safer project, regarding several structural aspects, besides the reduction of the costs of the inputs. Optimization methods can be used for this purpose without compromising structural safety. Thus, this article aims at the structural optimization by genetic algorithms of reinforced concrete 3D frames. In this study a Genetic Algorithm was developed, containing the specifications for the dimensioning of the structural elements reinforcement. The objective function is formed by the costs of concrete, molds and steel and will be minimized, according to the restrictions of NBR 6118:2014 (Concrete Structures Project - Procedure). The structural model is processed in the Ansys ® software, where discretization occurs through the finite element method, to analyze and obtain the stresses and deformations of the structure. The study consideres design variables: height of beams and columns. The results show that this methodology provided responses consistent when compared to the practice and also surprised with solutions that could be rejected by designers.
Category: General Mathematics

[243] viXra:1907.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 20:01:49

Análise Energética e Exergética Para O Ciclo Dual em Motores de Alta Rotação

Authors: Antônio Chicharo Prata Lisboa, Claudia Mazza Dias, Julio Henrique Lopes de Almeida
Comments: 14 Pages.

This work has the purpose of performing the Dual Cycle analysis, suitable for high rotation engines, with the objective of obtaining its Energetic and Exergetic efficiencies, as well as quantifying the destruction of exergy in the processes. The results are obtained through parametric studies, which allow the evaluation of the behavior of parameters of interest. The calculations are developed in an open code written in Python® with the support of libraries numpy and scipy.
Category: General Mathematics

[242] viXra:1907.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 20:04:02

Conteúdo Volumétrico da água no Solo Via Modelos de Competição Interespecífica

Authors: Wilian Jeronimo dos Santos, Rosane Ferreira de Oliveira, Marcos Bacis Ceddia, Juliana Lima de Almeida
Comments: 10 Pages.

The present work aimed to create a tool that can contribute to the prediction of moisture content in heterogeneous and well-drained plots of soil over a given period of time. To characterise the water balance, which is a criterion for the redistribution of water in the soil, an analogy is made to the competition model in population dynamics. This analogy can be explained by “competition” for water among the different soil compartments. The different layers “compete” with each other for water due to difference in hydraulic potential. In this sense, the model proposed is based on models of interspecific competition. Furthermore, the numerical methodology proposed is characterized to be solved more easily than the traditional and highly non-linear Richards’ equation. Numerical results were compared against simulation results from the Hydrus-1D program.
Category: General Mathematics

[241] viXra:1907.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 20:05:32

Resolução de Problemas de Elasticidade Com Carga de Domínio Pelo Método Dos Elementos de Contorno na Formulação de Dupla Reciprocidade

Authors: Carlos Andrés Reyna Vera-Tudela
Comments: 12 Pages.

The Boundary Element Method transforms partial differential equations that govern the problem domain into integral equations involving only contour values after the introduction of weighting functions called fundamental solutions. When the problem studied involves internal loads, such as self weight, one must search for a solution that preserves the philosophy of the method. For this purpose, the Dual Reciprocity technique is used. This work illustrates dual reciprocity with Navier’s equation with a self-weight load term. Numerical results are presented.
Category: General Mathematics

[240] viXra:1907.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 00:44:30

Proof that the De Broglie Wavelength of a Moving Electron is Equivalent to the Beat Frequency Wavelength of the Electron Standing Wave’s in and Out Spherical Wave Components.

Authors: Declan Traill
Comments: 3 Pages.

The De Broglie wave that accompanies a moving particle is evidence of the wave nature of matter and is supporting evidence for Quantum Mechanics, yet this phenomenon can also be explained using only Classical Physics and the knowledge that an electron is a spherical standing wave.
Category: Quantum Physics

[239] viXra:1907.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 01:37:04

Exploration Coupled Light and Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

The group of Prof. Ataç İmamoğlu has now developed a new approach to study nonlinear optical properties of polaritons in strongly correlated electronic states. [41] The researchers harnessed the power of polaritons, particles that blur the distinction between light and matter. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[238] viXra:1907.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 01:41:49

An Interesting Insight Into Considering & Using Grobner Bases/boolean Rings in the Context of P-Space Involving Smart Devices/iot/hpc/hardware/software/firmware Based Heterogeneous Computing Environments – Towards Next Generation Smart Applications for ci

Authors: N.T.Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Interesting insight into Considering & Using Grobner Bases/Boolean Rings in the Context of P-SPACE involving Smart Devices/IoT/HPC/Hardware/Software/Firmware based Heterogeneous Computing Environments – Towards Next Generation Smart Applications for Circadian Rhythms [CR] R&D.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[237] viXra:1907.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 02:36:17

Modified Dynamics of Massive Bodies in the Graviton Background

Authors: Michael A. Ivanov
Comments: 6 Pages.

The additional deceleration of massive bodies and the redshift of remote objects in the model of low-energy quantum gravity are caused by collisions with gravitons. Some results of numerical modeling of a motion of bodies in the central field by the influence of this additional deceleration are described here. The two peculiarities of modified dynamics take place: an absence of closed orbits and a possibility of the non-planar motion of massive bodies in the central field.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[236] viXra:1907.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 02:36:54

Quantum Logic Clock

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

The quantum logic clock—perhaps best known for showing you age faster if you stand on a stool—has climbed back to the leading performance echelons of the world's experimental atomic clocks. [42] The group of Prof. Ataç İmamoğlu has now developed a new approach to study nonlinear optical properties of polaritons in strongly correlated electronic states. [41] The researchers harnessed the power of polaritons, particles that blur the distinction between light and matter. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[235] viXra:1907.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 03:01:10

Quantum Computer Fight Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Case Western Reserve University researchers are working to change that. They have pioneered a new approach called Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting, which uses more sensitive scanning techniques that they expect could detect whether treatments are working after just one dose of chemo. [36] The standard approach to building a quantum computer with majoranas as building blocks is to convert them into qubits. However, a promising application of quantum computing-quantum chemistry-would require these qubits to be converted again into so-called fermions. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[234] viXra:1907.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 03:16:01

Quantum Model of Ferrofluid Motion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Ferrofluids, with their mesmeric display of shape-shifting spikes, are a favorite exhibit in science shows. These eye-catching examples of magnetic fields in action could become even more dramatic through computational work that captures their motion. [37] Case Western Reserve University researchers are working to change that. They have pioneered a new approach called Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting, which uses more sensitive scanning techniques that they expect could detect whether treatments are working after just one dose of chemo. [36] The standard approach to building a quantum computer with majoranas as building blocks is to convert them into qubits. However, a promising application of quantum computing-quantum chemistry-would require these qubits to be converted again into so-called fermions. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light.
Category: Quantum Physics

[233] viXra:1907.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 03:31:05

3-D Quantum Spin Liquid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

There's no known way to prove a three-dimensional "quantum spin liquid" exists, so Rice University physicists and their collaborators did the next best thing: They showed their single crystals of cerium zirconium pyrochlore had the right stuff to qualify as the first possible 3-D version of the long-sought state of matter. [32] With potential roles in quantum computation, high-temperature superconductivity and a range of exotic anyonic states, why quantum spin liquids (QSLs) attract interest is no great mystery. [31] Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson. [30] Electrons in graphene-an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike-move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[232] viXra:1907.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 05:37:16

Refutation of Translation of Implicit Logic (Il) to Explicit Logic (El)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

For translation of implicit logic to explicit logic, using intuitionistic and epistemic logic, seven equations are evaluated, with none tautologous. Two refute the recursive translation of “the intuitionistic truth definition into a syntactic recipe”; three refute “key features of intuitionistic logic in modal terms”; and one refutes “the recursion law after knowledge update [as] the basic dynamic equation of hard information” for public announcement logic (PAL). These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[231] viXra:1907.0250 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-14 05:48:42

The Conscious Readiness Potential Ratio Multiverse with Transactional Interpretation of J. Cramer.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 19 Pages.

The Benjamin Libet discovery of two different Readiness Potentials (RPI and RPII) and the potential to VETO an act, is reason to suggest the presence of a SuSy multiverse with entanglement down to each quantum. However, Libet did not Notice, because he (or his successors) did not measure the ratio between RPI and RPII , as a base for the total number of SuSy Universes. At the same time John Cramer proposed a parallel Transactional Interpretation (T.I.) a so calle “Handshake system” responsible for entanglement processes.
Category: Astrophysics

[230] viXra:1907.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 06:50:24

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis 15., Aktualisierte Auflage

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 16 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Zu dieser Thematik gab es in Russland sehr aufwendige und teure Experimente. Das Ihnen hier vorliegende Manuskript zeigt, dass man mit sehr viel weniger Aufwand bereits am Schreibtisch zu den gleichen Ergebnissen kommen kann.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[229] viXra:1907.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 08:35:57

Molecules Change Charge States

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

A team of researchers from IBM Research–Zurich, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company and Universidade de Santiago de Compostela has, for the first time, imaged molecules as they change charge states. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19]
Category: Condensed Matter

[228] viXra:1907.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 08:57:42

Explode Molecular Bonds

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

"In biology, it turns out that evolution has selected things that are extremely effective at absorbing the energy and not breaking a bond," Leone said. "When something goes wrong in your chemistry is when you see diseases cropping up." [30] A team of researchers from IBM Research-Zurich, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company and Universidade de Santiago de Compostela has, for the first time, imaged molecules as they change charge states. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[227] viXra:1907.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:14:45

Molecular Motions in Real Time

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers have used ultra-high-speed X-ray pulses to make a high-resolution "movie" of a molecule undergoing structural motions. [31] "In biology, it turns out that evolution has selected things that are extremely effective at absorbing the energy and not breaking a bond," Leone said. "When something goes wrong in your chemistry is when you see diseases cropping up." [30] A team of researchers from IBM Research-Zurich, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company and Universidade de Santiago de Compostela has, for the first time, imaged molecules as they change charge states. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[226] viXra:1907.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:24:46

Análise do Conteúdo de Evolução em Livros Didáticos do Ensino Fundamental Brasileiro

Authors: João Vitor Tomotani1, Rodrigo Brincalepe Salvador
Comments: 13 Pages.

The Theory of Evolution is not only the unifying force in Biology, but also one of the most important scientific concepts ever developed. However, the topic has always been neglected or misrepresented, resulting in a population that do not understand (or outright do not believe in) Evolution. The present work consists in a content analysis of Evolution in Brazilian Middle School textbooks. Its aims included the search for obstacles to the understanding of Evolution, such as: conceptual errors, language problems, “Lamarckism” and Creationism. We conclude that many of these obstacles are indeed present in textbooks, hampering the students’ grasp on Evolution; among these, the gravest is not representing Evolution as Biology’s central theory. Nevertheless, we also observed that it is indeed possible to develop the theme in a coherent manner, without recourse to over-simplifications (“dumbing down”) which may result in conceptual mistakes
Category: Biochemistry

[225] viXra:1907.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:27:54

First Record of Pallenopsis Fluminensis (Krøyer, 1844) (Pycnogonida: Pallenopsidae) for the Coast of the State of Paraíba (Northeastern Brazil)

Authors: Rudá Amorim Lucena, Silvio Felipe B. Lima, Martin Lindsey Christoffersen
Comments: 8 Pages.

A pycnogonid species classified in the family Pallenopsidae Fry, 1978 and the genus Pallenopsis Wilson, 1881 is recorded in this study for the coast of the state of Paraíba in northeastern Brazil based on the identification of three female specimens collected from the infralittoral zone at depths of 12 to 34 meters. Pallenopsis fluminensis (Krøyer, 1844) is the fourth species of Pycnogonida recorded for the region. To date, only Anoplodactylus batangensis (Helfer, 1938), A. eroticus Stock, 1968 and A. mirim Lucena, Araújo & Christoffersen, 2015 have been recorded for the coast of the state of Paraíba. Pallenopsis fluminensis is diagnosed by a trunk with small setae on the distal border of each segment; proboscis with terminal setae; lateral processes with small setae; palps without setae and reduced to a small knob; chela with many setae, palm 1.5 times longer than wide; ovigers with eight articles on females, articles 5 and 6 subequal and article 8 not much smaller than 7; and tibia 1 without dense cover of the setae. To date, P. fluminensis is the only congener from the Atlantic coast of South America without a dense cover of setae on tibia 1.
Category: Mind Science

[224] viXra:1907.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:30:12

O Gênero Amanita (Fungi): Sistemática e Distribuição no Brasil

Authors: Felipe Wartchow
Comments: 16 Pages.

This revision presents topic related to the iconic mushrooms belonging to fungal genus Amanita. A brief story regarding to the Systematic and Taxonomy and the distribution of the species in Brazil are also presented.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[223] viXra:1907.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:31:50

Checklist of the Holothuroidea (Echinodermata) from the State of Paraíba, Brazil

Authors: Jéssica Prata, Martin Lindsey Christoffersen
Comments: 14 Pages.

The study presents the first species list for holothurians from the coast of the State of Paraíba, northeastern Brazil. The list was made based on the study of specimens deposited in the Invertebrate Collection Paulo Young, Federal University of Paraíba. A total of 16 species from seven families of Holothuroidea were recorded. This paper contributes to the biodiversity studies from the northeast coast of Brazil.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[222] viXra:1907.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:33:30

Lizard Predation Tropidurus Hispidus (Squamata, Tropiduridae) by False Coral Snake Oxyrhopus Trigeminus (Squamata, Dipsadidae) in the Caatinga, in Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Jefferson Simanas Mikalauskas, Daniel Oliveira Santana, Stephen Francis Ferrari
Comments: 8 Pages.

The predation of lizards is rarely observed in the wild, and events involving snakes are scarcer still. Here we document in detail the predation of a lizard (Tropidurus hispidus (Spix, 1825)) by a snake (Oxyrhopus trigeminus Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854). Many studies have identified Tropidurus Wied-Neuwied, 1825 lizards as prey for Brazilian snakes. Thus, this record provides important insights into the natural history of both species, especially O. trigeminus, which are essential for the understanding of their ecology.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[221] viXra:1907.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:35:07

Physical, Biological and Human-Induced Effects on the Reef Fishes of Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil

Authors: Paulo Roberto de Medeiros, Ana Maria Alves de Medeiros
Comments: 15 Pages.

Several factors have the potential to influence the distribution and composition of reef fish communities. Amongst the most important are rugosity, wave exposure, substrate cover and human activities. The present study evaluated the influence of these factors on reef fishes from sites following a gradient of human-induced effects on the Fernando de Noronha archipelago, northeast Brazil and determined their relative importance to reef fish ecology. Rugosity did not influence fish richness, but had a positive influence on number of individuals, juveniles and endemic species, whereas benthic cover did not seem to be an important determinant for any fish variable evaluated. These results suggest that availability of shelter (physical protection) is more limiting than availability of food (i.e. benthic cover). Furthermore, water flow showed somewhat low values, but even so, had negative effects on fish numbers. Recreational activities, albeit seemingly non-impacting, had a negative effect on fish abundance with the partially protected site (Atalaia) showing a similar community structure to the unrestricted site (Porto). These results suggest that human presence, even when supervised, may interfere on reef fish structure. Low-impact tourism practices are required especially in partially protected and unprotected areas.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[220] viXra:1907.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:45:59

Machine Learning Butterfly Wings

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering have created a nanostructure glass that takes inspiration from the wings of the glasswing butterfly to create a new type of glass that is not only very clear across a wide variety of wavelengths and angles, but is also antifogging. [28] Machine learning and automation technologies are gearing up to transform the radiation-therapy workflow while freeing specialist clinical and technical staff to dedicate more time to patient care. [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[219] viXra:1907.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 10:01:56

Preventing Colorectal Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Characterizing a tiny protein—determining its shape and what it does—was the first step taken by Dr. Kirsten Wolthers and her colleagues in their effort to learn more about a very common molecule that is implicated in a wide range of human ailments. [33] An international team of researchers has demonstrated how titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles stimulated by microwaves can be used to selectively kill cancer cells – paving the way for more targeted and less harmful treatment. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[218] viXra:1907.0237 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-23 07:30:37

New Foundations in the Sciences: Physics Without Sweeping Infinities Under the Rug

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Adrian Klein, Slobodan Nedic, Yunita Umniyati, Marian Mesina
Comments: 425 Pages. This book is under review for publication. Your comments are welcome

It is widely known among the Frontiers of physics, that “sweeping under the rug" practice has been quite the norm rather than exception. In other words, the leading paradigms have strong tendency to be hailed as the only game in town. For example, renormalization group theory was hailed as cure in order to solve infinity problem in QED theory. For instance, a quote from Richard Feynman goes as follows: “What the three Nobel Prize winners did, in the words of Feynman, was "to get rid of the infinities in the calculations. The infinities are still there, but now they can be skirted around . . . We have designed a method for sweeping them under the rug."[1] And Paul Dirac himself also wrote with similar tune: “Hence most physicists are very satisfied with the situation. They say: "Quantum electrodynamics is a good theory, and we do not have to worry about it any more." I must say that I am very dissatisfied with the situation, because this so-called "good theory" does involve neglecting infinities which appear in its equations, neglecting them in an arbitrary way. This is just not sensible mathematics. Sensible mathematics involves neglecting a quantity when it turns out to be small—not neglecting it just because it is infinitely great and you do not want it!"[2] Similarly, dark matter and dark energy were elevated as plausible way to solve the crisis in prevalent Big Bang cosmology.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[217] viXra:1907.0236 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-16 08:10:45

Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: Derivations of Einstein's E=mc² from Newtonian Laws of Motion

Authors: Zion Elani
Comments: 9 Pages.

This report presents a simple derivation of Einstein's famous equation, E=mc². Through the use of elementary physical quantities of Newtonian mechanics such as distance, force, momentum, velocity, and energy, our approach resembles a `handling units' method. Further, two other proofs premising on the notion of mass and its dependence on velocity are discussed. These methods prove to be simple and physically intuitive, thus stimulating the amateur enthusiasts to a better understanding of various complex and difficult-to-derive formulas which are otherwise understood at a sophisticated academic level. Pedagogic significance of these methods is further discussed.
Category: Education and Didactics

[216] viXra:1907.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 13:00:05

The Physics Magic Number 50 Appears In MHCE8S Theory and Has Been Very Important to Mankind

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page. The Apollo moon flight occurred 50 years ago: I saw the Saturn V take off.

Abstract: The physics magic number 50 appears on MHCE8S theory 2019 flow charts: it was responsible for the metal tin and its useful alloy bronze which led to early great civilizations.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[215] viXra:1907.0234 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-18 00:37:42

Blueshift and Redshift In Wide Angle Diffraction

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 5 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The observation of spectral shift in astronomy bears great similarity to the frequency shift in the Doppler effect. Both blueshift and redshift can be described by the movement of the double-slit interference. In the rest frame of the star, the light passes through the slit to travel a straight path to reach the projection screen. The intersection of this path and the screen determines how the spectrum is shifted. If the screen moves away from the path, the spectrum will be shifted away from the center of the screen. This is known as redshift. If the screen moves toward the path, the spectrum will be shifted toward the center of the screen. This is known as blueshift. The spectrum not only shifts in position but also resizes proportionally. The spectral shift is caused by the motion of earth in the rest frame of the star while the wavelength of the star light remains constant. The redshift places a maximum limit on the radial velocity of the remote galaxy. The galaxy can not be detected if the earth moves faster than the light in the rest frame of the galaxy. This is dark galaxy.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[214] viXra:1907.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 05:00:32

DNA Replication at Atom-Level Detail

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Life depends on double-stranded DNA unwinding and separating into single strands that can be copied for cell division. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have determined at atomic resolution the structure of machinery that drives the process. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9]
Category: Physics of Biology

[213] viXra:1907.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 05:21:48

Sun-Induced DNA Damage and Cell Repair

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

A team led by a Baylor University researcher has published a breakthrough article that provides a better understanding of the dynamic process by which sunlight-induced DNA damage is recognized by the molecular repair machinery in cells as needing repair. [20] July 15, 2019) Life depends on double-stranded DNA unwinding and separating into single strands that can be copied for cell division. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have determined at atomic resolution the structure of machinery that drives the process. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11]
Category: Physics of Biology

[212] viXra:1907.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 06:19:07

Gene Function Processes of Life

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Kent have developed a new method of determining gene function in a breakthrough that could have major implications for our understanding of the processes of life. [21] A team led by a Baylor University researcher has published a breakthrough article that provides a better understanding of the dynamic process by which sunlight-induced DNA damage is recognized by the molecular repair machinery in cells as needing repair. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[211] viXra:1907.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 05:19:01

Crystal Structure Manipulation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

In a new study now published on Science Advances, Junseong Song and colleagues at the departments of Energy Science, Nanostructure Physics, Environmental Science and Materials Science in the Republic of Korea developed an unprecedented structure of the Zintl phase. [35] TSU physicists, working with scientists from Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Germany and Korea, have discovered new nanomechanical properties of diamonds mined at the Skalnoe deposit of the Popigai astrobleme. [34] A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26]
Category: Condensed Matter

[210] viXra:1907.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 07:26:25

Weyl Fermions Discovered

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A particular kind of elementary particle, the Weyl fermions, were first discovered a few years ago. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[209] viXra:1907.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 07:42:43

Image of Quantum Entanglement

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

For the first time ever, physicists have managed to take a photo of a strong form of quantum entanglement called Bell entanglement—capturing visual evidence of an elusive phenomenon which a baffled Albert Einstein once called 'spooky action at a distance'. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[208] viXra:1907.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 08:02:23

Magnetic Memory Speeds 1000 Times

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Now a method that can potentially reduce energy consumption in magnetic memory devices and improve their speeds is advancing at Purdue University. [31] McHenry's group, in collaboration with the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), NASA Glenn Research Center, and North Carolina State University, are designing a two and half kilowatt motor that weighs less than two and half kilograms. [30] Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been attracting a lot of attention recently. This is because of the increased demand for faster, longer-lasting and lower-energy IT systems, and the need for higher data storage capacity. [29] Researchers have discovered that using an easily made combination of materials might be the way to offer a more stable environment for smaller and safer data storage, ultimately leading to miniature computers. [28]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[207] viXra:1907.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 08:21:24

Nanotechnology Delivers Vaccine

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

Brazilian and European researchers have demonstrated exactly how a nanotechnology-based compound delivers an oral vaccine against hepatitis B to the immune system. [42] A recent study, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has introduced a novel targeted drug delivery system in the fight against cancer. [41] One day, hospital patients might be able to ingest tiny robots that deliver drugs directly to diseased tissue, thanks to research being carried out at EPFL and ETH Zurich. [40] A team of researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel has now made such cascades in the lab by encapsulating three enzymes and enzyme cofactors in nanoreactors made from metal-organic framework nanoparticles. [39] Researchers have developed a new form of nanoparticle and associated imaging technique that can detect multiple disease biomarkers, including those for breast cancer, found in deep-tissue in the body. [38] Researchers at University of Utah Health developed a proof-of-concept technology using nanoparticles that could offer a new approach for oral medications. [37] Using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), extremely high resolution imaging of the molecule-covered surface structures of silver nanoparticles is possible, even down to the recognition of individual parts of the molecules protecting the surface. [36] A fiber optic sensing system developed by researchers in China and Canada can peer inside supercapacitors and batteries to observe their state of charge. [35] The idea of using a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/sound+wave/" sound wave in optical fibers initially came from the team's partner researchers at Bar-Ilan University in Israel. Joint research projects should follow. [34] Researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have constructed a first-of-its-kind optic isolator based on resonance of light waves on a rapidly rotating glass sphere. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[206] viXra:1907.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 09:15:06

The Possibility of Coming to Life Again After Death: Part Two Including Part One

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to to present the possibility of humans to come to life again after they die and that after spending infinite time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[205] viXra:1907.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 10:04:55

Astronomers Are Trying to Find When and Where They Went Wrong Concerning Planet Formation

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages. 5 screen shots of wikipedia statistics

Using basic Wikipedia page view statistics, it is apparent astronomers are trying to figure out where they went wrong. As well, it is apparent that 2017 was the year for maximum acceptance of the nebular hypothesis, it is now on a downward slide. This is due to it not being a useful hypothesis in explaining any current observation by Kepler, TESS or any space/ground based exoplanet (evolving star) hunter. The replacement theory, stellar metamorphosis, is used to explain to the astronomers why they have gone so wrong for so long.
Category: Astrophysics

[204] viXra:1907.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 10:26:58

The Abc Conjecture as Expansion of Powers of Binomials

Authors: Kamal Barghout
Comments: 5 Pages. The manuscript is not to be copied or used in whole or part. The manuscript is copyrighted.

In this note I will show how Beal’s conjecture can be used to study abc conjecture. I will first show how Beal’s conjecture was proved and derive the necessary steps that will lead to further understand the abc conjecture hoping this will aid in proving it. In short, Beal’s conjecture was identified as a univariate Diophantine polynomial identity derived from the binomial identity by expansion of powers of binomials, e.g. the binomial〖 (λx^l+γy^l )〗^n; λ,γ,l,n are positive integers. The idea is that upon expansion and reduction to two terms we can cancel the gcd from the identity equation which leaves the coefficient terms coprime and effectively describes the abc conjecture. To further study the abc terms we need to specifically look for criterion upon which the general property of abc conjecture that states that if the two numbers a and b of the conjecture are divisible by large powers of small primes, a+b tends to be divisible by small powers of large primes which leads to a+b be divisible by large powers of small primes. In this note I only open the door to investigate related possible criterions that may lead to further understand the abc conjecture by expressing it in terms of binomial expansions as Beal’s conjecture was handled.
Category: Number Theory

[203] viXra:1907.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 10:41:18

Mass Energy Intake for Vibration and Heat

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

if two masses collide inelastically the size of the hit masses determine the amount of energy it stores as vibration if the vibration is too much it produces heat any mass that fully occupies a larger volume produces more energy intake
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[202] viXra:1907.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 12:19:18

Том Первый: "Диалектика мышления и познания. Рассудок, Разум, Ум."

Authors: Райков Александр Геннадьевич
Comments: 63 Pages. Язык русский. Работа "Том Первый. Диалектика мышления и познания. Рассудок, Разум, Ум" является составной частью "Курса лекций. Всеобъемлющие начала и механизмы действительности" в 3-х томах.

Цель исследований данной работы − собрание всей значимой информации о нейрофизиологических основах функций отражения органами чувств человека действительного мира, устройства и принципа работы полушарий мозга с целью анализа и оценки возможности форм и способов мышления по формированию объективных представлений об источнике, причинах и механизмах мироустройства. Объективной оценки предела познавательной возможности человека. Анализ методологических способов познания, достижений в аналитической философии и недостатков современного инструментального средства научной коммуникации (аппарата современной математики). Выявление необходимых условий построения окончательной эпистемологической модели картины мироздания. Книга содержит изложение фундаментальных проблем познания, подходов к их решению и достижений философской мысли в этой области знания. Дана картина филогенеза (становления и развития) отражательных функций живых существ и человека. Широко освещены нейрофизиологические основы отражательных функций ЦНС и мозга. Приведены сведения о сущности рассудочной (аналитической) и разумной (ассоциативной) форм мышления человека и формировании на основе их взаимодействия диалектического мышления. Проанализирована зависимость используемой методологии исследований от доминирования в работе диалектического ума одной из форм мышления. Определены две теоретико-аналитические отрасли знания, вербальные и символические инструментальные средства которых способны обеспечить построение объективной картины мироздания. Проведён анализ всеобъемлющих законов философии диалектического материализма и состояния операционного аппарата современной математики на их методологическую пригодность для исследования действительности в теоретической форме. Предъявлены требования к математической отрасли с целью приведения математического мышления и его операционного аппарата, играющего роль инструментально-символической базы физически статусной коммуникации в науке, в соответствие объективным качественным и количественным данным о причинно-следственных связях и отношениях пространственно-временных форм материи в процессах их взаимодействия и взаимоперехода друг в друга. Книга даёт концентрированное изложение фундаментальных проблем гносеологии (познания), методов, способов и средств их решения. Расширяет кругозор читателей и резко сокращает сферу предметных изысканий специалистов в области познания источников, причин и механизмов мироустройства. Книга знакомит с методами, способами и приёмами формирования собственного объективно-диалектического мышления. Побуждает к полезным и плодотворным интеллектуальным занятиям. Для широкого круга читателей.
Category: Mind Science

[201] viXra:1907.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 16:42:16

Stellar Metamorphosis: The Simon Marius Rule of Brown Dwarf Companions

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages. 1 screenshot, 1 illustration of Simon Marius

Every brown dwarf discovered to date has at least 4 large companions orbiting it as can be inferred from circumstantial and direct evidence afforded by the General Theory. These companions can be old moons, dead moons, ones with life like Earth, or less evolved than Earth. This rule is to give insight to how populated our galaxy is, and where attention should be given for astronomical observations.
Category: Astrophysics

[200] viXra:1907.0216 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-17 17:09:07

Corrected Weak Duality Theorem by Way of Refutation of the Strong Duality Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The equation of the weak duality theorem, (Ax≤b, x≥0) ≤ (A^Ty≥c, y≥0), is confirmed as tautologous. Three proofs of it in the literature are not tautologous. The equation of the strong duality theorem, (Ax≤b, x≥0) = (A^Ty≥c, y≥0), is refuted as not tautologous. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4. What follows is the weak duality theorem could just as easily exclude the “or equal to” relation to read (Ax≤b, x≥0) < (A^Ty≥c, y≥0) as the corrected weak duality theorem.
Category: General Mathematics

[199] viXra:1907.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 10:03:19

Chebychop: a New Method for Constrained Global Optimization

Authors: John Mark Vincent
Comments: 5 Pages.

A new method for multi-dimensional global optimization is presented. The fundamental idea is to obtain the Chebyshev norm from a set of L_p=norms; an original extrapolation procedure is used to converge to the optimum value, which is identical to the Chebyshev norm. This allows the optima to be efficiently pin-pointed by repeatedly bisecting the domain. Estimates of computational cost indicate that the method is fast.
Category: General Mathematics

[198] viXra:1907.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 10:13:27

The Formula to Determine The Size of a (SMBH) Black Hole’s Accretion Disk

Authors: Geo Douglas
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper, a new formula to determine the size of the accretion disks at the center of galaxies. The formula starts with Einstein’s field equations and moves to the Schwarzschild radius. From there, following the patterns of nature and the golden ratio, I have configured a precise formula to determine the radius, diameter and circumference of all accretion disks that surround supermassive black holes.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[197] viXra:1907.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 10:29:11

Perfect Quantum Theory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

A team of researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Harvard University in the United States has now successfully deployed artificial neural networks for image analysis of quantum systems. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[196] viXra:1907.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 10:44:07

Science Advances in Spite of People Making Mistakes.

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 4 Pages. Einstein's theory works only for v < 0.1c.

Nobel laureates in physics are mostly physicists, who mainly create and defend physics. Einstein never received a Nobel prize for relativity... For nearly 100 years ago have been Nobel Prize winners said: "- The theory of relativity is a mathematical and not a physical theory. - The theory is far from being confirmed experimentally, the results of the solar eclipse expeditions allow other interpretations - The principle of relativity is only valid for mass-dependent movements - The theory of relativity contradicts the fundamental ideas about space and time: the Euclidean space and the usual ideas of time must remain binding. "
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[195] viXra:1907.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 10:54:28

The Mystery of Nature is Revealed/Открыта тайна природы

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 8 Pages.

The article presents the discovery of an error in physics, which for over two hundred years has been passed on to the next generation as an inviolable truth. This error concerns the law of conservation of energy./В статье представлено открытие ошибки в физике, которая свыше двухсот лет передается следующим поколениям как ненарушаемая истина. Эта ошибка касается закона сохранения энергии.
Category: Classical Physics

[194] viXra:1907.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 11:01:13

Vitamin C Protect Nanomaterial

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

In work that could open a floodgate of future applications for a new class of nanomaterials known as MXenes (pronounced "Maxines"), researchers from Texas A&M University have discovered a simple, inexpensive way to prevent the materials' rapid degradation. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[193] viXra:1907.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 11:55:23

Etymology of the Words House, Smoke, Heap

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 8 Pages. -

Russian etymology of the connected bush of words.
Category: Linguistics

[192] viXra:1907.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 18:16:07

Refutation of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Decision-Making in the Dempster-Shafer Structure

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

A pair of intuitionistic fuzzy values (IFVs) are compared and not tautologous, refuting the conjecture of the title and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[191] viXra:1907.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 21:02:17

A Case of Autistic Spectrum Disorder in Which Benzodiazepines Are Effective in Childhood Onset Fluency Disorder

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 11 Pages.

We experienced cases in which benzodiazepines were successful in childhood onset stuttering disorder. The case was autistic spectrum disorder, and there was a dull articulation while being milder than childhood. Immediately before the high school days ended, cases complicated of social anxiety disorder. Since we visited our hospital, we have prescribed large quantities of benzodiazepines. As in this case, there is a possibility that there are potentially many cases in which benzodiazepines are strongly effective against childhood onset fluency disorder. This implies childhood onset stuttering disorder is unknown partial epilepsy starting from the basal ganglia with no abnormality in brain waves. It is also possible that there may be childhood onset flu-dysfunction as psychogenic nonepileptic seizure.
Category: Mind Science

[190] viXra:1907.0206 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-25 07:13:55

On Non-Trivial Zero Point

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 39 Pages.

In the Riemann zeta function, when the value of the nontrivial zero is zero, the value of the real part of the function is negative from 0 to 0.5, but the value of the real part of the function is 0.5 to 1 I found it to be positive. We also found that the positive and negative of the imaginary part also interchanged with the real part 0.5. This tendency is seen as a tendency near the non-trivial zero value, but becomes less and less as it deviates from the non-trivial zero value. We present and discuss the case of four non-trivial zero values. This seems to be an important finding and will be announced here.
Category: Number Theory

[189] viXra:1907.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 01:39:20

Nanotube Channels Heat into Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

The ever-more-humble carbon nanotube may be just the device to make solar panels—and anything else that loses energy through heat—far more efficient. [44] When traversing a solid material such as glass, a light wave can deposit part of its energy in a mechanical wave, leading to a color change of the light. [43] Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[188] viXra:1907.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 02:21:28

Red Wine to Wearable Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[187] viXra:1907.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 02:38:23

Yakutia Diamonds Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

TSU physicists, working with scientists from Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Germany and Korea, have discovered new nanomechanical properties of diamonds mined at the Skalnoe deposit of the Popigai astrobleme. [34]A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[186] viXra:1907.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 03:56:32

The Possibility of Coming to Life Again After Death

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to to present the possibility of humans to come to life again after they die and that after spending infinite time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[185] viXra:1907.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 04:22:30

Testing a Combination of [ AI/ML/IoT/HPC ] Heterogeneous Computing Concepts based on MXNet/Flux in the Context of Cryo-EM Image Processing & Informatics Using [ Julia+JNI+Java+(ImageJ/Fiji)+JikesRVM - Research Virtual Machine ] - A Simple Suggestion

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Testing a Combination of [ AI/ML/IoT/HPC ] Heterogeneous Computing Concepts based on MXNet/Flux in the Context of Cryo-EM Image Processing & Informatics Using [ Julia+JNI+Java+(ImageJ/Fiji)+JikesRVM - Research Virtual Machine ] - A Simple Suggestion towards Novel Design of Electron Microscopy(EM) Image Processing Frameworks for better [ Nano-Bio] Informatics R&D. [ Exploring EM Images With Julia +Java – an Interesting ML based Intelligent Approach ] [ Julia - “Walks like python. Runs like C.” ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[184] viXra:1907.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 09:22:55

Computer Made Using Bacteria

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

"Our bacterially produced graphene material will lead to far better suitability for product development," Meyer says. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[183] viXra:1907.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 12:35:02

Why Jupiter Diameter =142984 km (Part 2)? (Light Velocity Effect On The Matter Creation)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 13 Pages.

Jupiter Diameter Analysis supports the following hypothesis: The Sun Rays are produced by Planets Motions Energies Total i.e. The Solar Planets Motions Mechanical Waves Are Transferred Into Light Waves From Which The Sun Rays Are Produced. Conclusion The Sun Rays Aren't Produced By Any Nuclear Interactions
Category: Astrophysics

[182] viXra:1907.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 13:59:46

Quantum Correlation and Spacetime

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

These insights may prove useful for the development of future theories unifying quantum mechanics and gravity." [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[181] viXra:1907.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 17:52:23

Refutation of Hilbert's First Epsilon Theorem in Intuitionistic and Intermediate Logics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

From the universal quantifier shift of (∀xA(x)→B)→∃x(B→A(x)) as not tautologous, the intermediate logic L is refuted, refuting Hilbert’s first epsilon theorem and intuitionistic logic, and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[180] viXra:1907.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 23:08:30

Understanding & Probing [ Orvil Perl Library+ai::mxnet Perl Interface to Mxnet Machine Learning Library ] in the Context of Bio-Chemical Information Systems Framework W.r.t R&D of Drug Design Aspects – an Interesting Insight Into Perl Interfacing Concep

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Understanding & Probing [ Orvil Perl Library+AI::MXNet - Perl interface to MXNet Machine Learning Library ] in the Context of Bio-Chemical Information Systems Framework w.r.t R&D of Drug Design Aspects – An Interesting Insight into Perl Interfacing Concepts & Anticipatory Chemical Computing Paradigms. [ Understanding ‘Scaffold Hopping’ from Chemical Computing & ML View Point ] [ AI::MXNet - Perl interface to MXNet machine learning library ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[179] viXra:1907.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 01:19:34

Qubits in Multimode Cavity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

In a recent study, researchers at the University of Colorado have resolved phonon Fock states in the spectrum of a superconducting qubit coupled to a multimode acoustic cavity. [47] "Our bacterially produced graphene material will lead to far better suitability for product development," Meyer says. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[178] viXra:1907.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 01:41:39

Merging Laboratory Neutron Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

For the first time, a high-performance computer will make it possible to simulate gravitational waves, magnetic fields and neutrino physics of neutron stars simultaneously. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23] Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[177] viXra:1907.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 02:02:07

New Theory on Superconductivity

Authors: Daehyeon KANG
Comments: 6 Pages.

Define the conduction band that has the basic conditions under which the superconductivity in the solid occurs. With this conduction band, several superconducting phenomena are described.
Category: Condensed Matter

[176] viXra:1907.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 02:40:19

Algorithms for Testing Prime Factors Against Positive Composite Numbers (Finding the Unique Factorization Domain for Said Composite Numbers) in Base 10: a First Course Into Formal Mathematics

Authors: Labib Zakaria
Comments: 12 Pages. Hopefully this is obvious from the abstract & a quick overview of the paper, but this is not meant to be an immensely technical paper. It is simply meant to be so that people can nurture an appreciation for math. Constructive criticism appreciated.

There exist many algorithms to test the primality of positive natural numbers both proved and unproved, as well as in base 10 and outside base 10. Once the primality of a number has been determined, natural questions are $(1)$ what the unique prime factors of it are and $(2)$ their degree, according to the fundamental theorem of arithmetic. These questions can prove to be useful in beginning to analyze the properties of the number by allowing us to determine the number of (proper) divisors of a number as well as their sum and product. In regards to $(1)$, there are many algorithms that could be applied to determine these prime factors through modular arithmetic algorithms. We will be tackling this question in base 10 specifically by constructing functions as curious mathematicians.
Category: Number Theory

[175] viXra:1907.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 02:31:15

Atomic Gyroscope Displays Twist

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have upgraded their compact atomic gyroscope to enable multitasking measurement capabilities and measure its performance, important steps toward practical applications. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[174] viXra:1907.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 04:28:45

Strange Warping Quantum Geometry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Solving the problems mathematically is beyond the capabilities of modern computers, so scientists at Princeton University have turned to an unusual branch of geometry instead. [30] A team of researchers at Technische Universität Darmstadt has broken the record for the number of atoms positioned individually in a trap to create a defect-free array. [29] University of Toronto Engineering researchers have combined two emerging technologies for next-generation solar power-and discovered that each one helps stabilize the other. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[173] viXra:1907.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 04:53:53

Nanophotonic Artificial Vision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

A simple, passive photonic structure made only of glass and air bubbles could perform artificial neural computing for applications in areas like facial recognition. [30] Most artificial intelligence (AI) systems try to replicate biological mechanisms and behaviors observed in nature. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[172] viXra:1907.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 05:32:11

Experimental Mini-Accelerator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Scientists at DESY have achieved a new world record for an experimental type of miniature particle accelerator: For the first time, a terahertz powered accelerator more than doubled the energy of the injected electrons. [43] Electrical engineers in the accelerator physics group at TU Darmstadt have developed a design for a laser-driven electron accelerator so small it could be produced on a silicon chip. [42] Using short laser pulses, a research team led by Misha Ivanov of the Max Born Institute in Berlin, together with scientists from the Russian Quantum Center in Moscow, has shed light on the extremely rapid processes taking place within these novel materials. [41]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[171] viXra:1907.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 06:59:21

Electron Camera Ultrafast

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

The tool is an instrument for ultrafast electron diffraction (MeV-UED). It uses a beam of highly energetic electrons to probe matter and is especially useful for understanding atomic processes occurring on timescales as short as about 100 femtoseconds, millionths of a billionth of a second. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[170] viXra:1907.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 07:15:28

Viscoelastic Material Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

A team of researchers from Stanford University and Rothamsted Research, has found that midge swarms have some types of mechanical properties and also respond to a stimulus at times as a viscoelastic. [23] How do the bees use this system of vibro-acoustical signals? Understanding now, how marker and communicational vibro-acoustic signals are arranged, and what, in principle, they serve, let's consider their application in the daily life of beehives. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[169] viXra:1907.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 07:20:14

Religion is a Type of Illness

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to define religion being a type of mental illness and make comparison between psychosis and religion .
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[168] viXra:1907.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 07:42:41

Nature of Photon

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 6 pages, 1 figure

It is well known that the photon is only a quanta of electromagnetic radiation. However, there are many myths around the photon in contemporary physics, for example, the photon loses energy when traveling through space. The article explains the basic features of the photon, such as wave-particle duality, the relation between a continuous electromagnetic wave and a quanta, the interaction of electric and magnetic fields, space of photon, speed of light.
Category: Classical Physics

[167] viXra:1907.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 07:47:56

A Novel Low Complexity Fast Response Time Fuzzy PID Controller for Antenna Adjusting Using Two Direct Current Motors

Authors: Vahid Rahmati, Amir Ghorbani
Comments: 8 Pages.

Objectives: A novel PID Controller (PIDC) for the purpose of adjusting an antenna in 360 degrees range by direct current (DC) motors using Fuzzy method is designed and simulated. Methods: For this, first, an accurate model for DC motor in simulations is developed- that can be replaced by any other dynamic, for e.g., a high power low speed motor, however, the response in this case will be different. The controller mentioned uses the Mamdani type in two working modes with 3 and 4 inputs setting the full control of two independent DC Motors (DCMs). Findings: Clearly, the modes with 3 and 4 inputs occupy 27 and 81 commands respectively to have smooth overshoot and under shoot responses. Some of the parameters are acquired experimentally that can be modified for various applications, although these values are also remarked for the possible re-simulation by the readers. Application: However the PIDCs have many applications in industry, the main application of our PIDC is intended for radar systems where the antenna needs to quickly rotate in order to accurately receive the reflections from certain paths.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[166] viXra:1907.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 08:15:21

Some Problems About The 3He Superfluid

Authors: Ting-Hang Pei
Comments: 3 Pages.

We discuss the stability problem of the atomic pair in the 3He superfluid. It is similar to the bound-state problem of the hydrogen molecule because both of them are composed of two spin-1/2 nuclei. The difference is the cause for bonding. What is of interest here is whether the nuclear spin coupling between two 3He nuclei is large enough to form a stable atomic pair in the superfluid. According to our calculations, the energy difference between the excited state F=1 and the ground state F=0 caused by the nuclear spin coupling of the two hydrogen nuclei is about 5.6x10^-9 eV when the intermolecular distance is 0.74 Å. When the two 3He nuclei are separated by 2.9 Å, the same energy difference caused by the nuclear spin coupling is 4.8x10^-10 eV. This value is much less than the binding energy of two 3He atoms about 1.0 eV, and is also much smaller than the Lennard-Jones potential of 8.74x10^-4 eV between the two helium atoms. Therefore, two 3He atoms cannot form a stable atomic pair due to the nuclear spin coupling even the spin wave.
Category: Condensed Matter

[165] viXra:1907.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 08:20:03

On Some Ramanujan Formulas: New Possible Mathematical Developments and Mathematical Connections with the Mass Value of Candidate “glueball” F0(1710) Meson, Other Particles and the Black Hole Entropies.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 150 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various and interesting new possible mathematical results concerning various Ramanujan’s formulas. Furthermore, we have described new possible mathematical connections with the mass value of candidate “glueball” f0(1710) meson, other particles and with the Black Hole entropies.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[164] viXra:1907.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 09:06:31

Intuitionistic Fuzzy Decision-Making in the Framework of Dempster-Shafer Structures

Authors: Liguo Fei
Comments: 15 Pages.

The main emphasis of this paper is placed on the problem of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) in intuitionistic fuzzy environments. Some limitations in the existing literature that explains Atanassov’ intuitionistic fuzzy sets (A-IFS) from the perspective of Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) of evidence have been analyzed. To address the issues of using Dempster’s rule to aggregate intuitionistic fuzzy values (IFVs), a novel aggregation operator named OWA-based MOS is proposed based on ordered weighted averaging (OWA) aggregation operator, which allows the expression of decision makers’ subjectivity by introducing the attitudinal character. The effectiveness of the developed OWAbased MOS approach in aggregating IFVs is demonstrated by the known example of MCDM problem. To compare different IFVs obtained from the OWA-based MOS approach, the golden rule representative value for IFVs comparison is introduced, which can get over the shortcomings of score functions. The hierarchical structure of the proposed decision approach is presented based on the above researches, which allow us to solve MCDM problem without intermediate defuzzification when not only criteria, but their weights are represented by IFVs. The proposed OWA-based MOS approach is illustrated as a more flexible decision-making method, which can better solve the problem of intuitionistic fuzzy multi-criteria decision making in the framework of DST.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[163] viXra:1907.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 06:44:16

Laser Scanning Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42] A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41] A team of researchers from the University of Central Florida and Michigan Technological University has developed a laser system concept built on the principles of supersymmetry. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[162] viXra:1907.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 07:00:21

Nanoscale Sound in Microresonator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

When traversing a solid material such as glass, a light wave can deposit part of its energy in a mechanical wave, leading to a color change of the light. [43] Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42] A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[161] viXra:1907.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 07:24:54

Quantum Entanglement Inside Protons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[160] viXra:1907.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 10:02:20

Refutation of Interpretability Logics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Of the non trivial logics for axioms as evaluated, none is tautologous. Hence the interpretability logic IL is refuted, and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[159] viXra:1907.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 13:13:50

Quantum Chessboard Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[158] viXra:1907.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 13:46:57

Outlier Modeling in Gear Bearing Using Autoencoder for Remaining Useful Life Prediction

Authors: Sunny Singh, Atif Ahmed, Praneet Shiv
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the Prognostics and Health Management of gear bearing system using autoencoder neural networks. Bearings and gears are the most common mechanical components in rotating machines, and their health conditions are of great concern in practice. This study presents an outlier modeling method for forecasting the gear bearing system failure using the health indicators constructed from mechanical signal processing and modeling. Outlier modeling aims to find patterns in data that are significantly different from what is defined as normal. In the unsupervised outlier modeling setting, prior labels about the anomalousness of data points are not available. In such cases, the most common techniques for scoring data points for outlyingness include distance-based methods density-based methods, and linear methods. The conventional outlier modeling methods have been used for a long time to detect anomalous observations in data. However, this paper shows that autoencoders are a very competitive technique compared to other existing methods. The developed method is demonstrated using the IMS bearing data from NASA Acoustics and Vibration Database.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[157] viXra:1907.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 13:50:58

A Simple Model with a Unified Form of Equations for Space, Mass, and the Periodic Table

Authors: William Craig Byrdwell
Comments: 33 Pages. The version of this manuscript that contains the approximations for accurate monoisotopic masses (a.k.a. The 99.989% Solution) is "The Case for Whole PI and Alternative Equations for Space, Mass, and the Periodic Table", DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3348.6968/2

A new series of equations for space, mass and the Periodic Table based on a common pattern is presented. Three equations for circular space represent the circumference (C), area (A), and volume (V) of a circle or sphere, which are mathematically equivalent to the conventional equations, specifically, C=2πr, A=πr2, and V=4/3πr3. The new equations incorporate a new understanding of pi, referred to as Whole PI to distinguish it from the classic understanding. A new symbol for Whole PI is presented and explained. Using Whole PI, the equations for the dimensions of space become 2PIdp/2p for the first dimension and PIdp/2p for the others. It is further shown that the second mass, helium, stands in relation to the first mass, hydrogen, the same as the second dimension of space stands in relation to the first dimension of space, specifically, H=2mp/2p and He=mp/2p, in which m equals the integer unit mass (m=1), the power signifies the atomic number (and therefore the number of electrons), and the denominator signifies the integer mass of the atom. Because of the similarity to the equations for dimensions of space, the elements may be referred to as dimensions of mass. Using the new equations, it is shown that the Periodic Table contains exactly ten dimensions of mass, and the other elements can be considered deconstructions of the ten dimensions of mass. This report shows a common pattern behind space and mass, and provides new insight into the anomalies in the Periodic Table.
Category: Chemistry

[156] viXra:1907.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 00:49:20

Proof of Riemann Hypothesis and Other Prime Conjectures

Authors: Surajit Ghosh
Comments: 19 Pages.

Riemann hypothesis stands proved in three different ways.To prove Riemann hypothesis from the functional equation concept of Delta function is introduced similar to Gamma and Pi function. Zeta values are renormalised to remove the poles of zeta function. Extending sum to product rule fundamental formula of numbers are defined which then helps proving other prime conjectures namely goldbach conjecture, twin prime conjecture etc.
Category: Number Theory

[155] viXra:1907.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 02:02:31

Vacuum Fluctuation Time Flow

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Konstanz have recently carried out a study exploring the quantum states of light and vacuum fluctuations, as well as their interplay with time. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[154] viXra:1907.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 02:14:15

Chord of Life

Authors: Li xiaohong
Comments: 17 Pages.

Meridian phenomenon is the life expression of chord language, obeying the natural law of chord language. The main contents of this paper are: qualitative, quantitative and mathematical expression of the meridian system. Chord language consists of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (opening, closed string, N string), symmetry, mirroring (space-time duality) and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music (time expression), painting (spatial expression), meridian (life expression) and other disciplines, with Spiritual, physica isomorphism, It has thousands of years of knowledge accumulation, more mature mathematical models, can be observed, verified, should be the theoretical characteristics of everything. Chord language is both a spiritual phenomenon and a physical phenomenon. It has spiritual and physical isomorphism. Observing chord language events (music, painting, etc.) is also observing physical events. This is the most prominent philosophical feature of chord language. The meridian can be stimulated by the tone and color light signals, and has the stimulated characteristic frequency, which can be used to quantify the chord language (physical and mathematical) characteristics of the meridian system. Keywords: chord language, chord life, chord mathematics, meridian
Category: Physics of Biology

[153] viXra:1907.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 02:21:52

Quantum Mechanics Lock Heat

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

A groundbreaking study conducted by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has revealed a method of using quantum mechanical wave theories to "lock" heat into a fixed position. [47] Researchers at the University of Konstanz have recently carried out a study exploring the quantum states of light and vacuum fluctuations, as well as their interplay with time. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[152] viXra:1907.0167 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-29 02:43:35

Fundamental Solution of the Turbulence Problem Avoiding Hypotheses

Authors: Rolf Warnemünde
Comments: 122 Pages. corrected formula-typing-errors

Locality, natural causality and deterministics are the fundamental principles of this treatise. A dense fluctuating point set with unique linking to physical movements facilitates the setting up of partial differential equations. So a clear definition of a turbulent fluid is established. Stochasticity in the sense of an ensemble theory is considered by distributions of motion quantities of an unlimited number of parallelly existent deterministic systems. First, particle transport equations of 1. Brownian motion as molecular self diffusion, 2. Stochastic transport by longitudinal fluctuations of a continuum, 3. Stochastic transport by turbulent continuum-fluctuations are developed. So Transition probabilities of moving quantities are evolved. The connection of deterministics and stochastics in the sense of an ensemble theory enables a complete deterministic turbulence equation set. The result is pure geometrodynamics of turbulence on one side and pure geometrodynamics of deformation on the other side. At the end, the incorrectness of the known equation set of laminar fluiddynamics for turbulence problems is discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[151] viXra:1907.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 03:09:54

Ferromagnetic Superconductor Behavior

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Researchers from France and Russia have offered a theoretical explanation for the behavior of a recently discovered material combining superconducting and ferromagnetic properties. [28] Newly published research from a team of scientists led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory sheds more light on the nature of high-temperature iron-based superconductivity. [27] Scientists at Harvard have developed a bismuth-based, two-dimensional superconductor that is only one nanometer thick. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[150] viXra:1907.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 03:42:55

Organic Light Emitting Diodes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

Organic light-emitting diodes are components that no longer consist of compounds containing the semiconducting material gallium, but of so-called organic compounds in which carbon is a main component. [43] Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42]
Category: Quantum Physics

[149] viXra:1907.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 08:14:36

Light-Sensing Distant Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have developed an ultra-sensitive light-detecting system that could enable astronomers to view galaxies, stars and planetary systems in superb detail. [25] On October 16, 2017, an international group of astronomers and physicists excitedly reported the first simultaneous detection of light and gravitational waves from the same source—a merger of two neutron stars. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23]
Category: Astrophysics

[148] viXra:1907.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 08:39:22

Micro Ring Resonator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Micro Ring Resonator Researchers at MIT and Singapore University of Technology (SUTD) have demonstrated a micro ring resonator made of amorphous silicon carbide with the highest quality factor to date. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[147] viXra:1907.0162 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-21 05:56:55

Solutions to Problems in Topics in Algebra

Authors: Henry Wong
Comments: 1 Page.

An addendum to group theory.
Category: Algebra

[146] viXra:1907.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 10:04:29

(Sgum Version 1.0 9.07.2019 10 Pages) a "Simply…Gravitonic" Universe (Toy-)model (Sgum)

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 10 Pages.

This paper proposes a Simple…Graviton(-based) Universe (toy-)Model (SGUM) which implies a short list of postulates, statements and assumptions (subquantum movement generating rest masses for almost all known elementary particles; a large palette of gravitons with various quantum angular spins, non-zero volumes and a common energetic density for all known elementary particles with non-zero positive rest energies/masses etc) with far reaching predictions and consequences beyond the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics, bringing quantum mechanics (QM) and Einstein’s general relativity (EGR) very close to each other: (1)the existence of at least three more scalar bosons (called “X bosons” [Xbs]) heavier than Higgs boson (Hb), with the heaviest of them (named “super-Higgs boson” [SHb]) predicted to be the quanta of a “super-Higgs field” (SHF) which is a plausible candidate for a hypothetical primordial gravitational unified field that dominated the pre-Big-Bang quasi-singularity; (2)a set of non-zero radii (and thus volumes) for all known elementary particles (EPs) with non-zero positive rest masses (rM)/ energies; (3)a set of Planck-like gravitonic constants (measuring the quantum angular momentum of gravitons identified with EPs) for all known EPs with rM>0;
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[145] viXra:1907.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 10:09:07

Laser-Driven Microbubbles Vacuum

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

A vacuum is generally thought to be nothing but empty space. But in fact, a vacuum is filled with virtual particle-antiparticle pairs of electrons and positrons that are continuously created and annihilated in unimaginably short time-scales. [44] If you're not a plasma physicist, exploding electrical wires underwater may sound like a bad idea. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[144] viXra:1907.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 13:07:34

Connecting Quantum Dots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) developed a new technique that could enable future advancements in quantum technology. [29] University of Toronto Engineering researchers have combined two emerging technologies for next-generation solar power-and discovered that each one helps stabilize the other. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[143] viXra:1907.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 13:28:36

Revolutionize Information Transmission

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

A research team led by physicists at the University of California, Riverside, has observed, characterized, and controlled dark trions in a semiconductor-ultraclean single-layer tungsten diselenide (WSe2)-a feat that could increase the capacity and alter the form of information transmission. [30] Researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) developed a new technique that could enable future advancements in quantum technology. [29] University of Toronto Engineering researchers have combined two emerging technologies for next-generation solar power-and discovered that each one helps stabilize the other. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[142] viXra:1907.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 18:42:44

A Concise Paper Summarizing a Contradiction with the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Viktor Kalaj
Comments: 10 Pages. This paper is rather succinct; it deals with a contradiction while testing the Riemann Zeta function valid on 0 < Re(s) < 1

In this paper, we summarize results of a contradiction while testing the Riemann Hypothesis
Category: Number Theory

[141] viXra:1907.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 20:38:14

Stellar Metamorphosis: How Massive is GJ 3470 b's Atmosphere?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Using the dead star mass limit of ~2.59 Earth masses, the total mass of GJ 3470's atmosphere should be >~11.14 Earth masses. This means the total mass of the atmosphere is probably >~81% of the total mass of the star. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[140] viXra:1907.0152 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-06 23:37:59

A Theory of Likelihood: Parsimony & Synchronicity in Natural Law

Authors: Paris r.M.S. Miles-Brenden
Comments: 10 Pages. One opening of a declarative and worded predicate structural relation of indicatorial logic is a freely ordered contactless ordered relation of congruence in departure to any two stated worlds; as alternatively they are closed to it's provision.

The principles and foundation of our understanding of the universe are one; to that of the effect of an end found in that of the inquiry of man supported by the sentience of its meaning in all that is; the verifiable true consideration is one word; the eventual ending of a pretense found in that of what is disclosed as fact; as in either of what we so consider the eventual; the end of what is so; is a new beginning in that of life; the future as a world in one; as love; of the incarnation of all that is; the given of life to it's true form and kind treatment of another; as cooperatively all beings respectfully are endowed with the given of love; the explanation of which is the choice to deliver life upon life as the infinite compassion of which is the release to freedom from constraint; and the given of return of kindness as known for that of kind in meaning; the giving of a people to knowable in all eventualities is explained as the principle of motion of the immobility of the heart to meaning to all of existence to the truth of understanding in principle nature; to the given of what is being; the standing of its continuance only then found in that of the giving of life; by the endowment of one for attention to their and other's considerations prior to another; as the expressed choice to one's self; and the forgiveness of all equivalences of people; worlds; and meanings found in the natural laws of this world; the next; and nature of a future yet to be; for then in what is; the given of each; is the endowed of all; and throughout what is creation; every being is dependent on the remainder of all of existence; as no such principle exemplified by purpose can mistreat another; the withholding of which is it's purpose to continuance in being and the only means of it's survival; the open difference of which is our inheritance; since as such as one is; all such other given's of people do require another to support a self; a world; and this given; finally as known; since one self so only remains to exist if and in being as such as all such other supports do; foundationally true as one before another always is. Pertinence has followed in due; to the given of a priorly given; to know; that what was held is now the free expressed right of a person; as once it had only been them; it is now the truth by the indivisible moment of a truth in passing that all in existence now face the same; as once as they had done an other; of whom so suffered their beings; the new ending in one of a promise they had held from time's beginning to it's eternal end; in one given; the only one they had known; as the guarantee they had so granted themselves from the beginning of their wakeful existence.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[139] viXra:1907.0151 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-14 22:28:35

Derivation of the Fine Structure Constant from the Electron Wave Function

Authors: Declan Traill
Comments: 7 Pages.

The fine structure constant α characterizes the strength of the electromagnetic interaction between elementary charged particles. Its value can be derived from the wave function for the electron. The electron wave function describes a field of Harmonic Oscillators which have the energy of the rest-mass of an electron. However, it takes time for such an Oscillator to complete a cycle of oscillation, so during this time the electromagnetic field that propagates into space from the Oscillator has expanded away from its source to cover the surface area of a three-dimensional shape. Therefore, the amplitude of the oscillations has been reduced before it can interact with its surrounding environment. The amount of this diminution is what the fine structure constant α represents. The actual value of α also depends on the fact that the source of the spreading energy is rotating Harmonic Oscillators. Classically, a point source will spread evenly in all directions and the intensity will diminish with Inverse-Square Law. But in the actual electron wave-function, the Harmonic Oscillators are rotating whilst expanding, causing the area that the energy spreads out over to be that of an expanding cone as well as that of a sphere. The area of this shape is greater than that of a simple sphere; this is what causes the fine structure constant α to have the value that it does.
Category: Quantum Physics

[138] viXra:1907.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 01:15:46

Arrow of Time in Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

New experiments conducted at Washington University in St. Louis compare the forward and reverse trajectories of superconducting circuits called qubits, and find that they follow the second law of thermodynamics. [23] Leaders in the field of ultracold molecule research from Columbia and Harvard universities are teaming up to propel understanding of the quantum mechanics of chemical reactions. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[137] viXra:1907.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 03:16:40

Chord Mathematics

Authors: Li xiaohong
Comments: 14 Pages.

Chord mathematics is a mathematical model of chord language. The main features are: octave duodecimal number system, symmetric, mirror phase, and spatial expression of chord language, also known as "chord geometry". Chord mathematics is scattered in various disciplines related to chord language, such as musicology, chord colorology, meridian science (life expression), etc. In this paper, quantitative, number system, positive and negative, coordinate, formula, calculation method and so on are integrated and unified. Chord language is composed of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (opening, closed string, N string), symmetry, mirroring and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music (time expression), painting (space expression), meridian (life expression) and other disciplines, with spiritual, physical duality, it has thousands of years of accumulation of understanding, The more mature mathematical model, which can be observed and verified, should be the characteristic of the theory of everything. Key words: chord mathematics, chord geometry, duodecimal system, discrete, symmetric, mirror image
Category: General Mathematics

[136] viXra:1907.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 03:54:35

Fundamentals of the Compatibility with the Electromagnetic Field

Authors: José Alberto Pardi
Comments: 24 Pages.

The replacement of the vacuum dielectric constant Epsilon0, in the energy equation of electromagnetic fields, is a key element in any attempt to quantize the gravitational fields that is based on the reality of our Universe and not in a pure conceptual exercise. Usually, the choice falls on the inverse of the Universal Gravitational Constant G. This seems reasonable, since Epsilon0 has an inverse relationship with the Coulomb constant K, used to determine the force between two charges, just like G does between two masses. But this choice leads to the replacement of the unit charge by a mass not very common in the Universe: the Planck’s mass. However, the fine structure found in the Cosmos in the last century and the dimension of Time Crystals found in 2016, seem to differ with this option. The analysis made in this paper, leads to determine a different constant for the replacement of Epsilon0, more concordant with the cosmological data and Quantum Mechanics.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[135] viXra:1907.0147 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-14 13:46:18

Gravitational Micro-Thrusters

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 7 Pages.

Here we show how to produce thrusts of the order of 100kN or more, starting from sets of micro-tubes (diameter<< 1cm) filled with air at low pressure, subjected to gravity g, and a strong magnetic field H . Under these conditions, these micro-tubes work as micro-thrusters, where the thrust is produced starting from the local potential gravitational energy.
Category: Condensed Matter

[134] viXra:1907.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 04:35:27

Artificial Atoms Quantum Sensors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

A team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, have discovered a new method that could be used to build quantum sensors with ultra-high precision. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[133] viXra:1907.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 06:35:26

Nanoparticle Selectively Kills Cancer Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

An international team of researchers has demonstrated how titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles stimulated by microwaves can be used to selectively kill cancer cells – paving the way for more targeted and less harmful treatment. [32] A particularly aggressive, metastasizing form of cancer, HER2-positive breast cancer, may be treated with nanoscopic particles "imprinted" with specific binding sites for the receptor molecule HER2. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[132] viXra:1907.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 06:40:29

The Holografic Universe Visualisation of Big Bang and Black Holes United Gravity and EM

Authors: Manfred U.E.Pohl
Comments: 3 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within a third chapter, the author explains how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought. In this paper, the author gives an image of the holographic universe from outside. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Matrix, Black Hole, Big Bang, Holographic Universe
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[131] viXra:1907.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 07:01:55

Refutation of the Axiom of Dependent Choices in Mice

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The axiom of dependent choices as ∀a∈X∃b∈XP(a, b) ⇒ ∃f: ω → X∀n P(f(n), f(n+1)) is not tautologous. What follows is that the axiom of determinacy is also not tautologous, hence relegating both axioms to a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[130] viXra:1907.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 07:30:18

Metallic Hydrogen Made

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Now researchers in France reckon they have finally found convincing evidence for the transformation, having built new devices for pressurizing and observing tiny samples of hydrogen. [26] The phenomenon of metastability, in which a system is in a state that is stable but not the one of least energy, is widely observed in nature and technology. [25] Four decades after it was predicted, scientist create a skyrmion, and take one step towards efficient nuclear fusion. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Condensed Matter

[129] viXra:1907.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 07:56:44

Future Spintronics Applications

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

A theoretical-experimental collaboration across two FLEET nodes has discovered new magnetic properties within 2-D structures, with exciting potential for researchers in the emerging field of spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[128] viXra:1907.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 09:37:14

Polarons in Insulators and Semiconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A team of researchers at the University of Oxford have recently introduced a new way to model polarons, a quasiparticle typically used by physicists to understand interactions between electrons and atoms in solid materials. [35] A theoretical-experimental collaboration across two FLEET nodes has discovered new magnetic properties within 2-D structures, with exciting potential for researchers in the emerging field of spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[127] viXra:1907.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 09:57:28

Smart Glass of Artificial Vision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have devised a method to create pieces of "smart" glass that can recognize images without requiring any sensors or circuits or power sources. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[126] viXra:1907.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 10:49:10

Why Jupiter Diameter =142984 km? (Observation vs Data Analysis-II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 16 Pages.

Paper Main Conclusion There's One Equation Only Controls All Solar Planets Data This paper discusses the following hypothesis: 1-There's A Relationship Between Jupiter & Saturn Diameters. 2-Jupiter & Saturn Diameters Relationship effects On The Solar Planets Diameters Creation. 3-Jupiter & Saturn Diameters Relationship effects On Earth Moon Orbit Creation. 4-Jupiter & Saturn Diameters Relationship is effected by Mercury Motion 5-Jupiter & Saturn Diameters Relationship shows and proves the Solar Group Main Energy Direction.
Category: Astrophysics

[125] viXra:1907.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 12:35:27

Quantum Research in Ultracold Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Leaders in the field of ultracold molecule research from Columbia and Harvard universities are teaming up to propel understanding of the quantum mechanics of chemical reactions. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.
Category: Quantum Physics

[124] viXra:1907.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 13:11:16

Ultrafast Semiconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

UK researchers have developed world-leading Compound Semiconductor (CS) technology that can drive future high-speed data communications. [36] "Regarding new perspectives, this could lead to similar fantastic developments as in the field of magnetism, such as electronic coherence in quantum computing," says Schultze hopefully, who now leads a working group focusing on attosecond physics at the Institute of Experimental Physics. [35] A team of researchers from Tohoku University, J-PARC, and Tokyo Institute of Technology conducted an in-depth study of magnetic quasiparticles called "triplons." [34]
Category: Condensed Matter

[123] viXra:1907.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 18:18:44

Refutation of Isabelle/HOL

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Eight of eleven equations are evaluated as not tautologous. This means the rewrite-engine or simplifier tool is not confirmed, the conjunction is not effectively defined by three rules, and other reasoning steps are not expressed similarly, hence refuting Isabelle/HOL. These anomalies form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[122] viXra:1907.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 18:39:19

Mercury's Orbital Anomaly And Electromagnetic Waves

Authors: Frank Makinson
Comments: 3 Pages.

It was noted about 200 years ago that there was an unexplained anomaly in Mercury's orbit. Astronomers could not account for an about 43 arcsecond difference in its orbit. What is not noted today is what was not known 200 years ago or even a little more than 100 years ago when conclusions were accepted about what causes the anomaly. The term plasma, as applied to one of the states of matter, was defined in the 1920s. The term plasma was applied to the Sun in just the last century and how electromagnetic waves of various frequencies are influenced by plasma concentrations is ongoing research. Snell's law can to applied to any substance that allows and influences the propagation of electromagnetic waves. A century ago, there were astronomers and scientists that made conclusions based upon Mercury's orbit anomaly that knew nothing about how plasmas influence the propagation of electromagnetic waves. Einstein heads the list.
Category: Classical Physics

[121] viXra:1907.0131 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-18 21:13:04

Chord Language and The Theory of Everything

Authors: Li xiaohong, Lini
Comments: 7 Pages.

Behind the natural phenomena scattered in different disciplines, whether there is a unified natural principle or the theory of all things, if there is such a thing, it should have some universality, consensus, and chord language phenomenon seems to have this feature. Chord language consists of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (open, closed, N-string), symmetry, mirroring and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music, painting, meridian and other disciplines, used in time, space, life, spiritual expression, has accumulated for thousands of years, has been universal, observable, verifiable, Like the law of all things. Music and painting are chord language phenomena, with discrete spectral forms of chord language (chords, tones, scales, etc.). In mathematics, the two are symmetric and mirror images. The following is the chord language value formula used in music and painting, which is similar to Planck's formula. S = HV, (S = semitone, H = equal temperament constant, V = frequency), minimum discrete value. I=H^n.V (I=sound, n=sound value), allowing discrete values; C=H^n1, n2, n3, n*.V (C=chord), discrete value spectrum. In chord painting, chords exhibit the following spatial geometric characteristics: major chord = H^0,4,7.V0,closed string minor chord = H^0,3,7.V0,open string Diminished Seventh = H^0,3,6,9.V0,Non-linar string Chord language is both a spiritual phenomenon (music, painting) and a physical phenomenon (discrete spectrum, string), observing chord language events, such as music, painting, etc. - but also observing physical events, which has spiritual-natural isomorphism, which is its philosophical and cognitive characteristics. The chord language is an ancient field whose mathematical model dates back to Pythagorean temperament in ancient Greece. After the gradual improvement of musicians in ancient times, the meridian science in ancient Chinese medicine observed the yin-yang (positive and negative) attributes of chord language—this is an important foundation of chord language, and the numerous classic works left by the history of world painting are The chord space language analysis, the study prepared sufficient conditions. The natural laws of chord language are universal principles of nature, the theory of all things?
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[120] viXra:1907.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 20:22:52

Refutation of Analytic Choice Principles: Axioms of Choice and Dependent Choice

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The axiom of Γ choice and axiom of Σ11-dependent choice are not tautologous. Therefore an open problem on the Weihrauch degree of parallelization of the Σ11-choice principle on the integers is not solved by using those axioms. These axioms form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[119] viXra:1907.0129 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-08 21:17:16

The Geometry of Spacetime and the Unification of the Electromagnetic, Gravitational and Strong Forces

Authors: Jeff Yee, Lori Gardi
Comments: 26 pages

In this paper, a spacetime structure consisting of a body-centered cubic lattice is modeled classically as a spring-mass system, where the components of each unit cell in the lattice are based on the fundamental units discovered by Max Planck, and the common forces that govern the motion of particles in spacetime is defined and unified by geometric shapes as the spacetime lattice oscillates.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[118] viXra:1907.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 00:02:04

Pairing Glue in Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Newly published research from a team of scientists led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory sheds more light on the nature of high-temperature iron-based superconductivity. [27] Scientists at Harvard have developed a bismuth-based, two-dimensional superconductor that is only one nanometer thick. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive.
Category: Quantum Physics

[117] viXra:1907.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 01:12:44

Antigravity Water Transport

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

"We hope to further optimize the experimental scheme and carry out large-scale production," Liu said. "We also hope to further improve the length of water conveyance, the speed of water conveyance, and the efficiency of water collection, so as to better carry out practical applications." [36] A team of researchers at the University of Oxford have recently introduced a new way to model polarons, a quasiparticle typically used by physicists to understand interactions between electrons and atoms in solid materials. [35] A theoretical-experimental collaboration across two FLEET nodes has discovered new magnetic properties within 2-D structures, with exciting potential for researchers in the emerging field of spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26]
Category: Condensed Matter

[116] viXra:1907.0126 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-01 03:39:38

Collatz Conjecture a New Mathematical Approach.

Authors: Darrin Taylor
Comments: 68 Pages. Last step of proof broke so this is merely a new mathematical framework to attack Collatz type problems

A new form of mathematics is explored where a sequence of values are acted on by a set of rules (in this case the 3n+1 rules) and each digit within the values is acted on by a subordinate set of rules which produce the same values. But the digit rules allow patterns to be identified and calculations to be performed on mostly unknown values. Proves that loop length must be 13x + 18y Proves that loop is made up of segments of 8 and 11 values and names the leading digits of each value in the segments. Shows that base 4 descent is favored on average by a factor of 5. Shows that if the base 4 upper digits were always even sequence would always eventually descend. Possible future work may link the leading 0s which are infinitely even can be reflected to the least significant digits over time so that over infinity the effect approaches the always even which drives descent. Predicts loop values based on most significant base 3 digit and show quantized loop leading digits and possible pattern of increasing smallest segments. Predict general sequence based on least significant digit base 3. Predict general sequence based on least significant digit base 4.
Category: Number Theory

[115] viXra:1907.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 02:07:28

Cell Velocity in Collective Migration

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Depending on the physiological or pathological conditions under consideration, cells can migrate as large and cohesive epithelial sheets. [41] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have devised a method to create pieces of "smart" glass that can recognize images without requiring any sensors or circuits or power sources. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39]
Category: Physics of Biology

[114] viXra:1907.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 06:16:16

In the Field of Physics We Fairly Well Know What Fundamental Interactions (Forces) do But We Cannot Know What They Are or Where They Come From: Caught Between Philosophy and Theory

Authors: Bruce A. Lutgen
Comments: 2 Pages.

Mathematics is a precise effective method of communication that is used in science as well as everyday life. Beside mathematics being a means of communication, words are also an exacting means of communication. These conventions have been developed over the millennia and are so well accepted that they in a way tie our hands. With that, there is the unresolved difficulty in defining fundamental interactions by what they are while using the only two tools at our disposal.
Category: Quantum Physics

[113] viXra:1907.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 07:22:25

Native Ferroelectric Metal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

In a paper released today in Science Advances, Australian researchers describe the first observation of a native ferroelectric metal: a native metal with bistable and electrically switchable spontaneous polarization states-the hallmark of ferroelectricity. [24] Electric generators have a plethora of uses-ranging from automotive to aircraft to microgrids. There is currently a strong desire to reduce the size and increase the efficiency of the devices. [23] The high resolution and wealth of data provided by an experiment at Diamond can lead to unexpected discoveries. [22] Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15] Pioneering research offers a fascinating view into the inner workings of the mind of 'Maxwell's Demon', a famous thought experiment in physics. [14]
Category: Condensed Matter

[112] viXra:1907.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 07:44:54

Graphenes go Monolayer Crystalline

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

This research was supported by the Institute for Basic Science, and has been published in the journal Advanced Materials. [47] The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45]
Category: Condensed Matter

[111] viXra:1907.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 08:29:45

Proteins Trapped in Glass

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have developed a unique method for studying proteins which could open new doors for medicinal research. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[110] viXra:1907.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 09:26:30

Vibrations Generated by Electron Spin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

The measurement confirmed that only the spin current injection of appropriate spin orientation can excite the vibration of the cantilever. [34] Manipulating the flow of energy through superconductors could radically transform technology, perhaps leading to applications such as ultra-fast, highly efficient quantum computers. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Condensed Matter

[109] viXra:1907.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 09:43:34

Nanowires Recording Intracellular Signals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Embeddable sensors record how and when neurons fire; electrodes spark heart cells to beat or brain cells to fire; neuron-like devices could even encourage faster regrowth after implantation in the brain. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[108] viXra:1907.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 09:58:37

Shorter Refutation of Gödel’s Completeness Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The completeness theorem rendered as (∀x.R(x,x))→(∀x∃y.R(x,y)) is not tautologous. The application of Isabelle/HOL to prove the same also is not tautologous, to invalidate that tool. These demonstrations form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[107] viXra:1907.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 10:09:59

The $\phi$-Derivations

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

We propose a generalization of the derivations with help of homomorphism.
Category: Algebra

[106] viXra:1907.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 12:01:37

Remarks on Mӧller Mistaken Famous Paper from 1943

Authors: Jaykov Foukzon
Comments: 5 Pages.

Einstein field equations was originally derived by Einstein in 1915 in respect with canonical formalism of Riemann geometry,i.e. by using the classical sufficiently smooth metric tensor, smooth Riemann curvature tensor, smooth Ricci tensor,smooth scalar curvature, etc.. However have soon been found singular solutions of the Einstein field equations with degenerate and singular metric tensor and singular Riemann curvature tensor. These degenerate and singular solutions of the Einstein field equations was formally accepted by main part of scientific community beyond rigorous canonical formalism of Riemannian geometry.Recall that the classical Cartan’s structural equations show in a compact way the relation between a connection and its curvature, and reveals their geometric interpretation in terms of moving frames. In order to study the mathematical properties of singularities, we need to study the geometry of manifolds endowed on the tangent bundle with a symmetric bilinear form which is allowed to become degenerate (singular). But if the fundamental tensor is allowed to be degenerate (singular), there are some obstructions in constructing the geometric objects normally associated to the fundamental tensor. Also, local orthonormal frames and co-frames no longer exist, as well as the metric connection and its curvature operator [2].As an important example of the geometry with the fundamental tensor which is allowed to be degenerate, we consider now Mӧller’s uniformly accelerated frame given by Mӧller’s line element
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[105] viXra:1907.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 22:46:14

An Interesting Insight Into [ Cool-Spe/gccs-Gentle Compiler Construction System ] Software in the Context of Computational Complexity of Ising Spin Glass Models Towards [dna/rna] Based High Performance Sequencing and Theoretical Analysis of Gene Therapy R

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Interesting Insight into [ CooL-SPE/GCCS-Gentle Compiler Construction System ] Software in the Context of Computational Complexity of Ising Spin Glass Models towards [DNA/RNA] based High Performance Sequencing and Theoretical Analysis of Gene Therapy R&D. [ Spin Glasses are always an inspiration – A Computational Challenge for the 21 st Century ? ] [The CooL-SPE is a programming environment specially designed to support the professional development of large-scale object-oriented application systems . Revisiting CooL-SPE in the Context of Bio-informatics ]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[104] viXra:1907.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 03:58:23

The Spin of the Electron is the Orbital Angular Momentum of the Photon Within the Electron

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 380 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“The Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron” Adrian Ferent “The circumference of the electron is λ / 2, half of photon wavelength” Adrian Ferent “The angular momentum of Dark Matter inside the electron is very small, because the volume of the Dark Matter is very small and the mass of the Dark Matter is very small” Adrian Ferent “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent What is Spin? Spin in quantum mechanics is an intrinsic form of angular momentum carried by elementary particles. Spin is an intrinsic property of a particle because nobody was able to explain it. Electrons always have "spin 1/2", this actually means "spin ħ/2". ħ = h/(2π) Spin is an intrinsic property, because all Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors…were not able to explain the "spin ħ/2" of the electron. Orbital angular momentum: L = r × p An electric field surrounds an electric charge; the same thing inside the electron, the electric field of the photon surrounds the center of the electron. The radius of the electron is a challenging problem of the modern theoretical physics because a finite radius of the electron is incompatible to the premises of the theory of relativity and a point-like electron generates serious mathematical difficulties due to the self-energy of the electron tending to infinity. The radius of the electron is a challenging problem of the modern theoretical physics because nobody was capable to explain what is the electron, what is the electric charge, what is the “spin ħ/2" of the electron. “The photon inside the electron, inside the volume, gives the electric charge” Adrian Ferent “The electron has an electric field due to the photon inside the electron” Adrian Ferent Half wavelength, λ / 2, of the photon the electric field, E, is positive. Have the same sign. This means: “The circumference of the electron is λ / 2, half of photon wavelength” Adrian Ferent “The angular momentum of Dark Matter inside the electron is very small, because the volume of the Dark Matter is very small and the mass of the Dark Matter is very small” Adrian Ferent How to calculate the Spin of the electron? The Orbital angular momentum of the photon in an electron: L = r × p Where: r = (λ / 2) / 2π p = h / λ This means: L = (λ / 4π) × (h / λ) L = ħ / 2 This means: “The Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron” Adrian Ferent 230. I am the first who discovered that the Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron 231. I am the first who discovered that the circumference of the electron is λ / 2, half of photon wavelength 232. I am the first who discovered that the angular momentum of Dark Matter inside the electron is very small, because the volume of the Dark Matter is very small and the mass of the Dark Matter is very small
Category: Quantum Physics

[103] viXra:1907.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 04:37:21

Universe, Inertia and Universal Constants

Authors: Milan D. Nešić
Comments: 12 Pages.

If Feynman 1985 announced that he only describes how nature behaves and that nobody understands why it behaves that way–QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter–and Laughlin 2005 that it is necessary to build a new physics basically–A DIFFERENT UNIVERSE: Reinventing Physics From The Bottom Down–then a real understanding of the postulate c=const as c2 inertia of whole Universe is finally the opportunity for it. And all the laws of physics remain; only cosmology is basically changing. There is no single mass of the same origin, there is no “Big Bang” as the beginning, and that can also explain dark energy. And even new opportunities for further research open up. And the passing of Planck's law of black-body radiation through singularity by decreasing, let's say, the volume of Bose to zero, and the transition to Maxwell Boltzmann's distribution of velocity can be a good example or at least a clue to these new possibilities.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[102] viXra:1907.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 06:03:23

Collection of Three Monographs Pertaining to Quaternionic Analysis.

Authors: Stephen C. Pearson.
Comments: 48 Pages.

This particular submission contains (inter alia) copies of three (3) monographs, whose purpose is to further elaborate upon various topics having been enunciated in the author's previous set of submissions, namely - (a) "A Supplementary Discourse on the Classification and Calculus of Quaternion Hypercomplex Functions - PARTS 1/10 to 10/10."; (b) "Supplementary Notes pertaining to a Specific Quaternion Analogue of the Cauchy-Goursat Theorem.", which have been published under the 'VIXRA' Mathematics subheading:- 'Functions and Analysis'.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[101] viXra:1907.0110 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-08 18:15:00

On the Democratic Party on Both Ends

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 2 Pages.

They're that bad...
Category: Social Science

[100] viXra:1907.0109 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-18 07:34:38

Fermat's Last Theorem. Unified Method (Russian)

Authors: Victor Sorokine
Comments: 4 Pages. Russian version

В ПЕРВОМ СЛУЧАЕ каждое число (А) заменяется на сумму (A'+A°n) последней цифры и остатка. После раскрытия биномов в равенстве Ферма все члены объединятся в два слагаемых: E=A'^n+B'^n-C'^n с третьей цифрой E''', которая в одном из n-1 эквивалентных равенств Ферма равна 2, и остаток D с третьей цифрой D''', равной либо 0, либо n-1, и, следовательно, третья цифра в числе A^n+B^n-C^n не равна 0. ВО ВТОРОМ СЛУЧАЕ (например A=A°n^k, но (BС)'≠0, ) после преобразования 3kn-значного окончания числа B в 1 и оставления в числах А, В, С лишь последних значащих цифр простейшие расчёты показывают, что (3kn-2)-я цифра числа A^n+B^n-C^n нулю не равна и не меняется после восстановления всех остальных цифр в числах A, B, C, т.к. является функцией только последней цифры числа A°.
Category: Number Theory

[99] viXra:1907.0108 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-17 12:48:59

Pi, the Primes and the Lambert W Function

Authors: Simon Plouffe
Comments: 77 Pages.

Conference held in Montréal at the ACA 2019, ETS.
Category: Number Theory

[98] viXra:1907.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 14:24:57

Stellar Metamorphosis: Proxima Centauri, Luyten's Star, Trappist-1 on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 7 Pages. diagram and handwritten calculations provided

Total axial angular momentum can be higher for an older star even though it is less massive, as this relays the fact that it sits on a higher transformation curve. A diagram is presented with calculations that give possible locations for Proxima Centauri, Luyten's Star and Trappist-1 on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram.
Category: Astrophysics

[97] viXra:1907.0106 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-08 07:10:49

The Key to Matrix and Button to Switch the Machines

Authors: M. U. E. Pohl
Comments: 7 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” [1] and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within this third chapter, the author explains in how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought and to get back into Paradise to save this planet earth from burning in climate change and to prevent the final fall of the empire of “human being” into the nothingness like the age of dinosaurs ended in nothingness. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Key of Matrix, End of the World, World War, Artificial Intelligence, Flat Earth, Holografic Universe, Big Bang, Black Holes
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[96] viXra:1907.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 14:34:50

Experiments of Interference with Coincident or Shifted in Time Laser Pulses

Authors: Lozko Georgiev, Daniel Georgiev
Comments: 21 Pages. in Bulgarian

This article explores experiments on interference with electromagnetic waves. Some of the problems of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics are discussed. The laws of interference with symmetric and asymmetric interferometers are discussed. With a permanently emitting laser source and artificially obtained (cloned) laser pulses. Coincident or shifted in the time when they reach the viewing screen. Two possible models of interference and experimental demonstration of the working model are examined
Category: Quantum Physics

[95] viXra:1907.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 15:01:54

On Some Formulas Concerning the Ramanujan’s Master Theorem: New Possible Mathematical Developments and Mathematical Connections with the Mass Value of Candidate “glueball” F0(1710) Meson, Dark Photons and the Black Hole Entropies.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 181 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various and interesting new possible mathematical results concerning some equations of the Ramanujan’s Master Theorem. Furthermore, we have described new possible mathematical connections with the mass value of candidate “glueball” f0(1710) meson, Dark Photons and with the Black Hole entropies.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[94] viXra:1907.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 16:38:32

Refutation of the Axiom of Infinity

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the following. Two definitions of the axiom of infinity are both contradictory. Two definitions to extract natural numbers from the infinite are are not equivalent and not tautologous. Therefore the four definitions for the axiom of infinity are refuted. Therefore these form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[93] viXra:1907.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 23:41:20

Precision of Indeterminacy Principle

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 2 Pages.

This paper seeks to propose certain experiments which can be performed to find the reality of indeterminacy principle (IP) or commonly known as uncertainty principle. We argue that the IP is a very fragile limitation of what one can measure which can be violated with highly precise techniques and modern ideas.
Category: Quantum Physics

[92] viXra:1907.0100 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-10 14:03:32

Ordination Theory and Chaos: Probability and Set Theory

Authors: Paris r.M.S. Miles-Brenden
Comments: 10 Pages. One closed homotopy of a harminoic manifold from ahead preceding a given of the establishment of retractile closure on order relates to what is free of a gas in dynamical orbits; hence order precedes chaos in thermodynamics.

The ordinal relation of color precedes that of the influence of declaration or ordination; to which it's certain relation is co-determinable as a free transpirative locability and reception; to which by any reception prior conscionsciousnable objective of vantage; the witnessed hur by vantage and projectively clear spectral interpretation of a blind spot is the indication of a threshold and free layer set of gradation by which in that of phase to phase conjugate and adjoint relations of numberless and infinite circumspection light like spectral relation of processional retrograde relation of light is the majority carrier of mass deficit; to which what is included in a relation of two; incomparability of bias; one contracted self held relation intimates the involute flow of any then known two reductions of valence shell to unity preceding a disordered relation within chemistry and blind free openly held relations so which a-predictive relation follows as in structural relation. Light therefore follows from what is co-determinant of an action of separation of pivot of scale to the freely held option of determination of mass standard and it's reciprocal action in the subjective tense of transmissibility freedom under a strict clear; black; and white relation; of no purview but to yet what is hidden and opened from a past connotative structural relation of physical law; to which phenomenology is king.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[91] viXra:1907.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 07:22:21

Light Polarization in Full

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

A compact and simple camera that can determine the full polarization of light has been developed by researchers in the US. [19] In their experiments, the researchers first transformed an ordinary laser beam into an accelerating one by reflecting the laser beam off of a spatial light modulator. [18] Researchers from Umeå University and Linköping University in Sweden have developed light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) that emit strong light at high efficiency. As such, the thin, flexible and lightweight LEC promises future and improved applications within home diagnostics, signage, illumination and healthcare. [17] Physicists from the ATLAS experiment at CERN have found the first direct evidence of high energy light-by-light scattering, a very rare process in which two photons-particles of light-interact and change direction. [16] In materials research, chemistry, biology, and medicine, chemical bonds, and especially their dynamic behavior, determine the properties of a system. These can be examined very closely using terahertz radiation and short pulses. [15] An international collaborative of scientists has devised a method to control the number of optical solitons in microresonators, which underlie modern photonics. [14] Solitary waves called solitons are one of nature's great curiosities: Unlike other waves, these lone wolf waves keep their energy and shape as they travel, instead of dissipating or dispersing as most other waves do. In a new paper in Physical Review Letters (PRL), a team of mathematicians, physicists and engineers tackles a famous, 50-year-old problem tied to these enigmatic entities. [13] Theoretical physicists studying the behavior of ultra-cold atoms have discovered a new source of friction, dispensing with a century-old paradox in the process. Their prediction, which experimenters may soon try to verify, was reported recently in Physical Review Letters. [12] Solitons are localized wave disturbances that propagate without changing shape, a result of a nonlinear interaction that compensates for wave packet dispersion. Individual solitons may collide, but a defining feature is that they pass through one another and emerge from the collision unaltered in shape, amplitude, or velocity, but with a new trajectory reflecting a discontinuous jump.
Category: Quantum Physics

[90] viXra:1907.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 08:29:54

Refutation of Open-Universe Causal Reasoning

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: Pages.

The proposition and axiom as tested are not tautologous. This does not “validate an intuitive and familiar set of principles about subjunctive conditionals and the relation of causal influence”. This also does not support “an important class of implicit generative models that can plausibly be treated as genuine causal models” or “enable reasoning beyond the propositional level”. The conjecture of open-universe causal reasoning forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[89] viXra:1907.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 09:01:19

Polarization-Sensitive Camera

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

"This research opens an exciting new direction for camera technology with unprecedented compactness, allowing us to envision applications in atmospheric science, remote sensing, facial recognition, machine vision and more," said Capasso. [20] A compact and simple camera that can determine the full polarization of light has been developed by researchers in the US. [19] In their experiments, the researchers first transformed an ordinary laser beam into an accelerating one by reflecting the laser beam off of a spatial light modulator. [18] Researchers from Umeå University and Linköping University in Sweden have developed light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) that emit strong light at high efficiency. As such, the thin, flexible and lightweight LEC promises future and improved applications within home diagnostics, signage, illumination and healthcare. [17] Physicists from the ATLAS experiment at CERN have found the first direct evidence of high energy light-by-light scattering, a very rare process in which two photons-particles of light-interact and change direction. [16] In materials research, chemistry, biology, and medicine, chemical bonds, and especially their dynamic behavior, determine the properties of a system. These can be examined very closely using terahertz radiation and short pulses. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[88] viXra:1907.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 09:58:11

Rock-Paper-Scissors Game

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Traditionally, the rock-paper-scissors model assumes that all three species have equal strength. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30] Scientists have been aware of this 'length problem' for a long time, but it was largely overlooked for most of the twentieth century. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[87] viXra:1907.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 10:15:36

Heat Relations

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

heat is directly proportional to time of contact and is directly proportional to the kinetic energy lost per second
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[86] viXra:1907.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 10:37:56

Atomic-Scale Erector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

To design buildings that can withstand the largest of storms, Kostas Keremidis, a Ph.D. candidate at the MIT Concrete Sustainability Hub, is using research at the smallest scale—that of the atom. [22] "The point of our work is to try to get more people to think that maybe artificial gravity isn't so crazy," she said. "Maybe it has a place outside of science fiction." [21] Scientists at the University of Glasgow and collaborators have now developed a multimaterial coating design for the mirrors used in gravitational wave detectors. [20]
Category: Condensed Matter

[85] viXra:1907.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 10:55:44

Magnets Create More Power

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Electric generators have a plethora of uses-ranging from automotive to aircraft to microgrids. There is currently a strong desire to reduce the size and increase the efficiency of the devices. [23] The high resolution and wealth of data provided by an experiment at Diamond can lead to unexpected discoveries. [22] Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15] Pioneering research offers a fascinating view into the inner workings of the mind of 'Maxwell's Demon', a famous thought experiment in physics. [14] For more than a century and a half of physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy always increases, has been as close to inviolable as any law we know. In this universe, chaos reigns supreme. [13]
Category: Condensed Matter

[84] viXra:1907.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 12:05:30

The Mass vs Nothingness13

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

this is a paper about time and non stationary masses
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[83] viXra:1907.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 13:23:11

A Technical Procedure for the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Viktor Kalaj
Comments: 11 Pages. Notify me, the author, Viktor Kalaj, if this paper is in anyway difficult to read by the print (font, size, etc.)

This paper deals with a proposed contradiction to the Riemann Hypothesis. We see by a deductive approach the necessity of no zeroes for the entire critical strip, including for the critical line.
Category: Number Theory

[82] viXra:1907.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 15:22:57

Thresholding for Population-Level Polygenic Scores to Maximize Predictive Accuracy: iq and Educational Abilities.

Authors: Davide Piffer
Comments: 16 Pages.

Polygenic scores (PGS) are being used to predict group-level traits across time and space, hence proving useful to detect recent selection. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of different p value thresholds on signal to noise ratio and predictive validity of polygenic scores, using the largest GWAS of educational attainment and cognition to date. Signal to noise ratio linearly decreases with p value, but this phenomenon is limited to Eurasians. There is a linear degradation of validity and population differentiation in allele frequencies with higher p values. However, compounded polygenic scores have a quadratic relationship with p value. A thresholding at or below the conventional GWAS significance (p<5*10-8) seems to maximize validity, corroborating earlier results. The highest correlation with population IQ is achieved by the Highest Math Class completed and the EDU MTAG PGS (r= 0.90 and 0.89, respectively). Using random SNPs, it is shown that correlations of this magnitude occur only once out of 46k trials. A table provides an empirical estimate of the rarity of the correlation coefficients and it is shown that they are a function of PGS size. Finally, an analogy between the noise contained in polygenic scores and physical instruments is put forward.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[81] viXra:1907.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 17:23:01

A Minor Typographical Error in Paper "A Technical Procedure for the Riemann Hypothesis"

Authors: Viktor Kalaj
Comments: 1 Page. Minor typo correction in my paper "A technical procedure for the Riemann Hypothesis".

There was a minor typographical error in my paper entitled "A technical procedure for the Riemann Hypothesis". It does not affect the technical procedure of the paper.
Category: Number Theory

[80] viXra:1907.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 17:28:12

An Minor Typographical Correction to Paper Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Viktor Kalaj
Comments: A minor typographical correction to my 11-page paper

I made a typographical error that is now corrected. There is no change in the flow of the paper entitled "A technical procedure for the Riemann Hypothesis".
Category: Number Theory

[79] viXra:1907.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 23:08:06

Young's Double-Slit and Wheeler's Delayed-Choice Experiments: What's Really Happening at the Single-Quantum Level?

Authors: N Gurappa
Comments: 13 pages, 1 figure

A new `wave-particle non-dualistic interpretation' at the single-quantum level, existing within the quantum formalism, is presented by showing the Schr\"odinger wave function as an `{\it instantaneous resonant spatial mode}' where a particle moves. For the first time, the position eigenstate of a particle is identified to be related to the absolute phase of the wave function in such a way that its position eigen values always lie on a classical trajectory, proving that the `time parameter' is common to both classical and quantum mechanics. It's brought into light that the quantum formalism demands a different kind of boundary conditions to be imposed to the wave function unlike classical formalism and hence naturally yields the Born rule as a limiting case of the relative frequency of detection. This derivation of the Born rule automatically resolves the measurement problem. Also, these boundary conditions immediately expound Bohr's principle of complementarity at a single quantum level. Further, the non-duality naturally contains the required physical mechanism to elucidate why the Copenhagen interpretation is experimentally so successful. The single-quantum phenomenon is then used to unambiguously explain what's really going on in the Young double-slit experiment as anticipated by Feynmann and the same is again used to provide a causal explanation of Wheeler's delayed-choice experiment.
Category: Quantum Physics

[78] viXra:1907.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 23:13:20

Physical Mechanism Underlying ``einstein's Spooky-Action-at-a-Distance" and the Nature of Quantum Entanglement

Authors: N Gurappa
Comments: 15 pages, 4 figures

The delayed-choice entanglement swapping experiments, both in space and time, are casually explained at a single quantum level by using the `wave-particle non-dualistic interpretation of quantum mechanics'. In order to achieve this, the actual mechanisms involved in the Wheeler's delayed-choice experiment and Einstein's spooky-action-at-a-distance are uncovered from the quantum formalism. The continuity in the motion of any individual quantum particle, due to the constants of motion, is responsible for the outcomes of Wheeler's delayed-choice experiment. The purpose for the existence of spooky action in Nature is to strictly maintain the conservation laws in absence of exchange-interactions. The presence of a casual structure in the entanglement swapping is shown by detailed analysis of the experimental results presented in the papers, ``X-S. Ma et al., Nature. Phys. 8, 480, (2012)'' and ``E. Megidish et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 210403 (2013)'', at the level of individual quantum events. These experiments are directly confirming the wave-particle non-duality.
Category: Quantum Physics

[77] viXra:1907.0084 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-03 05:27:33

The Simple Theory of Relativity in the Model of 4D Matter

Authors: Скоробогатов В.П.
Comments: 22 Pages. in Russian

The Lorentz transformations were derived from the consideration of orthogonal transformation . Some consequences such as the formation of wave of de Broglie are discussed stemming from this presentation.It is added the consideration of Doppler effect in the frame of 4D matter model in the new version.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[76] viXra:1907.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 01:12:42

Revisiting “Nucleic Acids Data Sequencing using Higher Order Logic-A Suggestion of Basic Computational Framework Towards Bio-Sensors and Gene-Chips Design, Implementation and Verification”.

Authors: D.N.T.Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Revisiting “Nucleic Acids Data Sequencing using Higher Order Logic-A Suggestion of Basic Computational Framework Towards Bio-Sensors and Gene-Chips Design, Implementation and Verification”. [“Novel Design by modification/extension of the above mentioned TITLE/IDEA Using HOL & HOL based Deep Learning(DL) Library”].Deep Learning for Next Generation DNA/RNA Sequencing Applications.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[75] viXra:1907.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 04:24:22

Microfluidic Monolith Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Emerging single-cell diagnostics rely on the potential to rapidly and efficiently isolate bacteria from complex biological matrices. [32] A particularly aggressive, metastasizing form of cancer, HER2-positive breast cancer, may be treated with nanoscopic particles "imprinted" with specific binding sites for the receptor molecule HER2. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[74] viXra:1907.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 04:59:06

Nanoscale Additive Manufacturing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

By energizing precursor molecules using a tiny, high-energy supersonic jet of inert gas, researchers have dramatically accelerated the fabrication of nanometer scale structures. [33] Emerging single-cell diagnostics rely on the potential to rapidly and efficiently isolate bacteria from complex biological matrices. [32] A particularly aggressive, metastasizing form of cancer, HER2-positive breast cancer, may be treated with nanoscopic particles "imprinted" with specific binding sites for the receptor molecule HER2. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[73] viXra:1907.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 05:19:58

More Heat out of Sunlight

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

A newly developed material that is so perfectly transparent you can barely see it could unlock many new uses for solar heat. [34] By energizing precursor molecules using a tiny, high-energy supersonic jet of inert gas, researchers have dramatically accelerated the fabrication of nanometer scale structures. [33] Emerging single-cell diagnostics rely on the potential to rapidly and efficiently isolate bacteria from complex biological matrices. [32]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[72] viXra:1907.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 05:30:10

Combat Climate Change

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Researchers at TIFR have developed the solution phase synthesis of dendritic plasmonic colloidosomes (DPCs) with varying interparticle distances between the gold nanoparticles (NPs) using a cycle-by-cycle growth approach by optimizing the nucleation-growth step. [35] A newly developed material that is so perfectly transparent you can barely see it could unlock many new uses for solar heat. [34] By energizing precursor molecules using a tiny, high-energy supersonic jet of inert gas, researchers have dramatically accelerated the fabrication of nanometer scale structures. [33] Emerging single-cell diagnostics rely on the potential to rapidly and efficiently isolate bacteria from complex biological matrices. [32] A particularly aggressive, metastasizing form of cancer, HER2-positive breast cancer, may be treated with nanoscopic particles "imprinted" with specific binding sites for the receptor molecule HER2. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30] Scientists have been aware of this 'length problem' for a long time, but it was largely overlooked for most of the twentieth century. [29] Such emulsions are similar to the mixture that forms when you shake an oil-and-vinegar salad dressing, but with much smaller droplets. [28] Russian scientists found that nanocrystal tungsten trioxide can be used instead of barium for X-ray examinations and also in cancer treatment. [27] Medical advancements can come at a physical cost. Often following diagnosis and treatment for cancer and other diseases, patients' organs and cells can remain healed but damaged from the medical condition. [26]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[71] viXra:1907.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 05:39:33

Smartphone Batteries Last Longer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Our future TV and smartphone screens could have double the energy efficiency, thanks to a technique invented by Imperial scientists. [36] Researchers at TIFR have developed the solution phase synthesis of dendritic plasmonic colloidosomes (DPCs) with varying interparticle distances between the gold nanoparticles (NPs) using a cycle-by-cycle growth approach by optimizing the nucleation-growth step. [35] A newly developed material that is so perfectly transparent you can barely see it could unlock many new uses for solar heat. [34] By energizing precursor molecules using a tiny, high-energy supersonic jet of inert gas, researchers have dramatically accelerated the fabrication of nanometer scale structures. [33]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[70] viXra:1907.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 06:22:03

Expansions of Maximum and Minimum from Generalized Maxwell Distribution

Authors: Jianwen Huang, Xinling Liu, Jianjun Wang
Comments: 13 Pages.

Generalized Maxwell distribution is an extension of the classic Maxwell distribution. In this paper, we concentrate on the joint distributional asymptotics of normalized maxima and minima. Under optimal normalizing constants, asymptotic expansions of joint distribution and density for normalized partial maxima and minima are established. These expansions are used to educe speeds of convergence of joint distribution and density of normalized maxima and minima tending to its corresponding ultimate limits. Numerical analysis are provided to support our results.
Category: Statistics

[69] viXra:1907.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 07:02:24

Double Input Boost/Y-Source DC-DC Converter for Renewable Energy Sources

Authors: Niteesh S Shanbog
Comments: 58 Pages.

With the increasing adoption of renewable energy sources by domestic users, decentralisation of the grid is fast becoming a reality. Distributed generation is an important part of a decentralised grid. This approach employs several small-scale technologies to produce electrical energy close to the end users or consumers. The higher reliability of these systems proves to be of advantage when compared to traditional generation systems. Multi-Input Converters (MICs) perform a decisive function in Distributed Energy Resources (DERs). Making use of such MICs prove to be beneficial in terms of size, cost, number of components used, efficiency and reliability as compared to using several independent converters. This thesis proposes a double input DC-DC converter which makes use of a quasi Y-source converter in tandem with a boost converter. The quasi Y-source converter has the advantage of having a very high gain for low duty cycles. The associated operating modes are analysed and the operation of the MIC is verified using simulation result. A hardware prototype is built for large signal analysis in open loop. Different loads are applied and the efficiency of the MIC as a whole as well as the load sharing between the different sources is investigated.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[68] viXra:1907.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 07:15:41

Combine Light and Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

The research is part of a greater effort in Assoc. Prof. Jonathan Simon's lab to break down the walls between matter and light, in order to investigate their fundamental properties. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[67] viXra:1907.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 07:49:59

An Alternative Depiction of the Sub-Atomic Model

Authors: Murray Edward McGill
Comments: 23 Pages.

This thesis is an alternative model of the sub atomic structure based on three premises: 1. The fundamental make-up of matter 2. The rotational rate of matter 3. The non-planar rotation of matter From these three assumptions I will unify the four fundamental forces and redefine the base understanding of magnetism. Further this will rewrite our quantum model and Einstein’s relativity, as it relates to quantum. This is a tall order and if I was afraid of appearing a fool, I wouldn’t have submitted it. But, the quest for understanding requires us to sometimes stand alone and look the fool. “Our knowledge can only be finite, while our ignorance must necessarily be infinite” (Karl Popper) This paper is written in a Copernican style, but with enough substance to convey understanding of this alternative model. This understanding leads to the demand for further inquiry.
Category: Quantum Physics

[66] viXra:1907.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 12:28:33

Length Growth in Biological Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Scientists have been aware of this 'length problem' for a long time, but it was largely overlooked for most of the twentieth century. [29] Such emulsions are similar to the mixture that forms when you shake an oil-and-vinegar salad dressing, but with much smaller droplets. [28] Russian scientists found that nanocrystal tungsten trioxide can be used instead of barium for X-ray examinations and also in cancer treatment. [27] Medical advancements can come at a physical cost. Often following diagnosis and treatment for cancer and other diseases, patients' organs and cells can remain healed but damaged from the medical condition. [26]
Category: Physics of Biology

[65] viXra:1907.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 13:05:11

Artificial Synapsis for Pattern Recognition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Most artificial intelligence (AI) systems try to replicate biological mechanisms and behaviors observed in nature. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[64] viXra:1907.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 13:19:54

Directed Evolution of Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30] Scientists have been aware of this 'length problem' for a long time, but it was largely overlooked for most of the twentieth century. [29] Such emulsions are similar to the mixture that forms when you shake an oil-and-vinegar salad dressing, but with much smaller droplets. [28]
Category: Physics of Biology

[63] viXra:1907.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 13:39:58

Tumor Cells by Imprinted Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A particularly aggressive, metastasizing form of cancer, HER2-positive breast cancer, may be treated with nanoscopic particles "imprinted" with specific binding sites for the receptor molecule HER2. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30] Scientists have been aware of this 'length problem' for a long time, but it was largely overlooked for most of the twentieth century. [29] Such emulsions are similar to the mixture that forms when you shake an oil-and-vinegar salad dressing, but with much smaller droplets. [28]
Category: Physics of Biology

[62] viXra:1907.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 17:26:13

Observation vs Data Analysis As Astrophysics Research Method (I)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

We have 2 basic arguments: 1st Argument -Planet Data Analysis Should Be Considered The Astrophysics Research Basic Method. -The Observational Results Without Data Analysis Deceives The Researcher And Causes Imaginary Concepts Creation 2nd Argument 1-The Solar Group is One Geometrical Structure or one building and each planet is a part of this same building- i.e. Each Planet is created to be a complementary to the other planets and No solar planet is created or move independently 2-Also, The solar group can be similar to one trajectory of Energy and each planet is a point on it. 3-Also the solar group can be similar to one body, and each planet is a member in this same body. All solar planets and their orbital distances are created by the same energy (by the same blood all body members are created) 4-Also, The solar group be similar to one machine each planet is a gear in this same machine… so the machine job depends on the gears different tasks.. and that means the cooperation and integration between the solar planets data is the main base on which the solar group is created and move.
Category: Astrophysics

[61] viXra:1907.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 17:33:48

An Economic Examination of Collateralization in Different Financial Markets

Authors: Tim Xiao
Comments: 40 Pages.

ABSTRACT This paper attempts to assess the economic significance and implications of collateralization in different financial markets, which is essentially a matter of theoretical justification and empirical verification. We present a comprehensive theoretical framework that allows for collateralization adhering to bankruptcy laws. As such, the model can back out differences in asset prices due to collateralized counterparty risk. This framework is very useful for pricing outstanding defaultable financial contracts. By using a unique data set, we are able to achieve a clean decomposition of prices into their credit risk factors. We find empirical evidence that counterparty risk is not overly important in credit-related spreads. Only the joint effects of collateralization and credit risk can sufficiently explain unsecured credit costs. This finding suggests that failure to properly account for collateralization may result in significant mispricing of financial contracts. We also analyze the difference between cleared and OTC markets.
Category: Economics and Finance

[60] viXra:1907.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 22:24:08

Парадокс Близнецов,объяснение и решение впервые за 110 лет.

Authors: Genrih Leonidovich Arutyunov
Comments: 3 Pages.

В этой статье,более короче и доступно и с некоторыми дополнительными разъяснениями изложено доказательство "Парадокса Близнецов",которое я дал ранее 2019-05-23.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[59] viXra:1907.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 15:57:50

Physics on a Branched Knotted Spacetime Manifold

Authors: Cliff Ellgen
Comments: Pages.

This paper reproduces the dynamics of quantum mechanics with a four-dimensional spacetime manifold that is branched and embedded in a six-dimensional Minkowski space. Elementary fermions are represented by knots in the manifold, and these knots have the properties of the familiar particles. We derive a continuous model that approximates the behavior of the manifold's discrete branches. The model produces dynamics on the manifold that corresponds to the gravitational, strong, and electroweak interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[58] viXra:1907.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 01:20:32

Polynomials of the Form P_n^{(a)}(x)=(1/2)*((x-Sqrt{x^2+a})^n+(x+sqrt{x^2+a})^n) and Primality Testing

Authors: Predrag Terzic
Comments: 4 Pages.

General,deterministic,unconditional,polynomial time primality test is introduced.
Category: Number Theory

[57] viXra:1907.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 01:17:32

A Question About the Consistency of Bell's Correlation Formula

Authors: Han Geurdes; Koji Nagata
Comments: 3 Pages.

In the paper it is demonstrated that two equally consistent but conflicting uses of sign functions in the context of a simple probability density shows that Bell's formula is based on only one consistent principle. The two conflicting principles give different result. However, according to use of powers, i.e. $3\times (1/2)= (1/2)\times 3$, one must have the same result in both cases.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[56] viXra:1907.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 02:38:40

Acoustic Magnetic Monopoles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

University College Cork (UCC) & University of Oxford Professor of Physics, Séamus Davis, has led a team of experimental physicists in the discovery of the magnetic noise generated by a fluid of magnetic monopoles. [23] There are two sound velocities in a Bose-Einstein condensate. In addition to the normal sound propagation there is second sound, which is a quantum phenomenon. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21]
Category: Condensed Matter

[55] viXra:1907.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 04:59:58

PV Source Integrated Micro-Grid for Power Quality Improvement using MPPT Technique

Authors: Madhu Palati, Manjunath R D, Nagesh L, Niteesh S Shanbog, Prashanth C
Comments: Pages. Presented and Published in NC3PS (2017)

The demand for Electrical energy is increasing day by day as it can be easily converted to another form of energy. All consumers expect Electrical energy with high power quality. Most of the commercial and industrial loads are inductive in nature and need power electronic circuits/ controllers to get smooth control of the equipment. This, in turn, leads to the injection of harmonics into the system, hence the power quality is affected. The above problem needs to be addressed and eliminated. In this paper, a shunt active power filter is used to mitigate the harmonics. I d-I q control is used to analyse the performance of the filter and is simulated using MATLAB software. The MPPT controller is used to improving the power quality of the system.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[54] viXra:1907.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 08:13:47

Smartphone Uncover Anti-Cancer Food

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

A crowdsourcing project which uses thousands of idling smartphones has helped to uncover anti-cancer properties of everyday foods and medicines. [25] New work from Los Alamos National Laboratory, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the University of Florida is showing that artificial neural nets can be trained to encode quantum mechanical laws to describe the motions of molecules, supercharging simulations potentially across a broad range of fields. [24] But in a new study, physicists have made the surprising discovery that two spherical like-charged metal nanoparticles with unequal charges can attract one another in a dilute electrolyte solution. [23] There are two sound velocities in a Bose-Einstein condensate. In addition to the normal sound propagation there is second sound, which is a quantum phenomenon. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[53] viXra:1907.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 08:42:22

Artificial Gravity Breaks Free

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

Artificial Gravity Breaks Free "The point of our work is to try to get more people to think that maybe artificial gravity isn't so crazy," she said. "Maybe it has a place outside of science fiction." [21] Scientists at the University of Glasgow and collaborators have now developed a multimaterial coating design for the mirrors used in gravitational wave detectors. [20] The improvement will see the twin observatories-located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US-double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[52] viXra:1907.0057 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-09 15:17:08

The SRQM Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics & A Tensor Study of Physical 4-Vectors

Authors: John B. Wilson
Comments: 232 pages at time of submission

Using Special Relativity (SR) as a starting point, then noting a few empirical 4-Vector facts, one can derive the Principles that are normally considered to be Axioms of Quantum Mechanics (QM). Since many of the QM Axioms are rather obscure, this seems a more logical and understandable paradigm than QM as a separate theory from SR, and sheds light on the origin and meaning of the QM Principles. The SRQM or [SR→QM] Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: A Tensor Study of Physical 4-Vectors
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[51] viXra:1907.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 09:32:35

Black Hole on Galaxy's Star Turn

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

The role of an excited black hole in the death of an exotic 'jellyfish' galaxy will be presented today (3 July) by Callum Bellhouse of the University of Birmingham at the RAS National Astronomy Meeting in Lancaster. [28] Previous attempts to measure the mass of the NGC 4395 black hole yielded results ranging from 1000-400,000 solar masses. [27] US computer scientist Katie Bouman, who became a global sensation over her role in generating the world's first image of a black hole, has described the painstaking process as akin to listening to a piano with broken keys. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[50] viXra:1907.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 10:09:12

Decomposition of Integer Powers of a Mersenne Number Into Binomial Coefficients

Authors: Http://vixra.org/author/andrew_w_ivashenko
Comments: 1 Page.

Decomposition of integer powers of a mersenne number into binomial coefficients
Category: Number Theory

[49] viXra:1907.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 10:17:56

Tsunami on Silicon Chip

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

A tsunami holds its wave shape over very long distances across the ocean, retaining its power and 'information' far from its source. [28] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences have designed and tested a prototype cathodoluminescent lamp for general lighting. [27] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Spain and the U.S. has announced that they have discovered a new property of light-self-torque. [26] When studying biological cells using optical tweezers, one main issue is the damage caused to the cell by the tool. Giovanni Volpe, University of Gothenburg, has discovered a new type of force that will greatly reduce the amount of light used by optical tweezers-and improve the study of all kinds of cells and particles. [25] The device, which works in the mesoscopic mass range for the first time, might not only be used to help solve fundamental problems in quantum mechanics, it might also find use in precision metrology applications. [24] Although previous research shows that metal nanoparticles have properties useful for various biomedical applications, many mysteries remain regarding how these tiny materials form, including the processes that generate size variations. [23] With a novel electrochemical biosensing device that identifies the tiniest signals these biomarkers emit, a pair of NJIT inventors are hoping to bridge this gap. [22] The dark skin pigment melanin protects against the sun's damaging rays by absorbing light energy and converting it to heat. [21] Wang, Bren Professor of Medical Engineering and Electrical Engineering, is using PAM to improve on an existing technology for measuring the oxygen-consumption rate (OCR) in collaboration with Professor Jun Zou at Texas A&M University. [20] A remote command could one day send immune cells on a rampage against a malignant tumor. The ability to mobilize, from outside the body, targeted cancer immunotherapy inside the body has taken a step closer to becoming reality. [19]
Category: Condensed Matter

[48] viXra:1907.0053 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-05 07:09:11

Refutation of the Curry-Howard Correspondence

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

In the Curry-Howard correspondence, the identity and composition combinators are not tautologous. In fact, the examples result in equivalent truth table values. Further demonstrated is that the instances of Hilbert, lambda, and sequent fragments are also not tautologous with a recent paper rendered moot. These artifacts form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[47] viXra:1907.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 11:43:42

The Universe Expands with Slowdown
Вселенная расширяется замедленно

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 12 Pages. rus

According to astronomical observations, remote supernovae Ia have a brightness lower than that predicted by the standard Hubble law. This circumstance is interpreted as evidence of a smaller value of the Hubble constant in the past, as an accelerated expansion of the Universe. However, this conclusion is erroneous. The lower brightness of distant supernovae means that, on the contrary, the Hubble constant has now decreased. It follows from this that the Universe expands more slowly than in the past, the expansion of the Universe occurs with deceleration.
Согласно астрономическим наблюдениям удаленные сверхновые Ia имеют яркость меньшую, чем это предсказывается стандартным законом Хаббла. Это обстоятельство трактуется как свидетельство меньшего значения постоянной Хаббла в прошлом, как ускоренное расширение Вселенной. Однако этот вывод ошибочен. Меньшая яркость дальних сверхновых означает, что, напротив, в настоящее время постоянная Хаббла уменьшилась. Из этого следует, что Вселенная расширяется медленнее, чем в прошлом, расширение Вселенной происходит с замедлением.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[46] viXra:1907.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 12:12:09

The Twins Paradox Review of Decisions Ch.4 Contradictions Solution of the Twins Paradox in GR
Парадокс близнецов – обзор решений, гл.4 Противоречия решение парадокса близнецов в ОТО

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 12 Pages. rus

The well-known solutions of the relativistic "twin paradox" are considered and new ones are proposed. Contrary to popular belief, the paradox has the correct solution in the SRT. In contrast, in the GRT, the solutions to the paradox raise a number of questions. A fundamentally new paradox of twins is considered - in the tachyon theory of relativity.
Рассмотрены известные решения релятивистского "парадокса близнецов" и предложены новые. Вопреки распространенному мнению, парадокс имеет корректное решение в СТО. Напротив, в ОТО решения парадокса вызывают ряд вопросов. Рассмотрен принципиально новый парадокс близнецов - в тахионной теории относительности.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[45] viXra:1907.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 12:20:57

Nonlocal Quantum Transfer of Classical Information
Нелокальная квантовая передача классической информации

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 31 Pages. rus

A modification of the traditional setup for teleporting the quantum state of a qubit is considered. On the transmitting side, it is changed to the opposite sequence of the CNOT gates and the Hadamard gates. The modified installation allows you to teleport now no longer just an unknown state of the qubit, but a state of entanglement of qubits. On the transmitter side, the installation translates two qubits into a state of entanglement, with the result that, at the receiver side, two qubits also end up in a state of entanglement. It is shown also the possibility of direct transmission of classical information using the gate CNOT
Рассмотрена модификация традиционной установки для телепортации квантового состояния кубита. На передающей стороне изменена на противоположную последовательность гейтов CNOT и гейта Адамара. Модифицированная установка позволяет телепортировать теперь уже не просто неизвестное состояние кубита, а состояние запутанности кубитов. На стороне передатчика установка переводит два кубита в состояние запутанности, в результате чего и на стороне приемника два кубита также оказываются в состоянии запу-танности. Показана также возможность непосредственной передачи классической информации с помощью гейта CNOT.
Category: Quantum Physics

[44] viXra:1907.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 07:31:03

Refutation of a Weak Set Theory H that Proves Its Own Consistency

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

For theory H, the axioms of extensionality and separation are not tautologous. The theorem to prove any instances of the scheme of ε-induction is also not tautologous. These conjectures form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[43] viXra:1907.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 07:49:54

Theoretical Physicists Unveil Concepts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Besides solving a fundamental conundrum in condensed matter physics, this result, achieved within the framework of the European MAX Centre of Excellence for supercomputing applications, also represents a breakthrough for applications, enabling computationally feasible quantum simulations of charge transport in ionic systems of paramount importance in energy-related technologies, in the automotive and telecommunications sectors, as well as in planetary sciences. [31] Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis's McKelvey School of Engineering have pioneered cutting edge methods to study the formation of calcium carbonate in saline water. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[42] viXra:1907.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 08:37:34

Integrals - Identities - Pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

We give some integrals for Pi.
Category: Number Theory

[41] viXra:1907.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 08:40:14

Two Identities

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

This note presents two identities for Pi.
Category: Number Theory

[40] viXra:1907.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 08:45:44

The Number pi and the Integral: Int(exp(a*ln(tanh(x)))*(dx/x))

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

This note presents some formulas for Pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[39] viXra:1907.0043 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-16 01:58:00

A Realist Interpretation of QCD

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper explores the epistemological foundation of quantum chromodynamics. We do so by re-examining the concept of partons, which was introduced by Richard Feynman as a generic term for pointlike constituents of matter. We examine whether or not the concept of a colorless, flavorless and zero-charge parton – onto which we can then load the various properties that are necessary to explain reality – might work. The conclusion is that the parton model may offer sufficient degrees of freedom to model what the quark-gluon model is modelling. In fact, we suggest the idea of quarks and gluons might be a bit like the 19th century aether theory: we don’t need it. The underlying question is, of course, much more fundamental: do we need quantum field theory?
Category: Quantum Physics

[38] viXra:1907.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 09:25:26

Loose Thread of String Theory Puzzle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 101 Pages.

A University of Colorado Boulder physicist is one step closer to solving a string theory puzzle 20 years in the making. [58] Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[37] viXra:1907.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 10:11:14

Quantum States of Light in Silicon Chip

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 102 Pages.

Scientists from the University of Bristol and the Technical University of Denmark have found a promising new way to build the next generation of quantum simulators combining light and silicon micro-chips. [58] Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[36] viXra:1907.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 10:21:41

Refutation of the Fixed-Point Property of Self-Proving for Predicate Modal Logics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Refutation of the fixed-point property of self-proving for predicate modal logics
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[35] viXra:1907.0038 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-06 04:44:25

Leptoquarks and Charged Higgs Using Preon Model #9

Authors: Austin J Fearnley
Comments: 15 Pages.

A CERN article of May 2019 hints at a possible use of two non-Standard Model bosons in decays of the bottom quark (b --> c τ ν'). Three paths are explored in the present paper and exact properties of the hypothetical charged higgs and leptoquark are derived using Preon Model #9 which is a minor adaption of Preon Model #6 (Fearnley, May 2015). Finding these structures does not guarantee the existence of these new particles nor their use in the bottom decay paths as the preon model says nothing about energy requirements. The leptoquark found here has electric charge +2/3, spin zero, weak isospin +0.5, and a strong colour charge (red, green or blue). The charged higgs found here has electric charge -1, spin zero, weak isospin -0.5 and no colour charge. The leptoquark has as many preons as the higgs (16 preons in Model #9) whereas the charged higgs has 24 preons: which makes this charged higgs occupy a higher generation category than the higgs.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[34] viXra:1907.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 16:29:32

Disproof of the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 6 Pages.

In my previous paper “Consideration of the Riemann hypothesis” c=0.5 and x is non- trivial zero value, and it was described that it converges to almost 0, but a serious proof in mathematical expression could not be obtained. It is impossible to make c = 0.5 exactly like this. c can only be 0.5 and its edge. It is considered that “when the imaginary value increases to infinity, the denominator of the number becomes infinity and shifts from 0.5 to 0”.
Category: Number Theory

[33] viXra:1907.0035 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-17 11:47:02

Blueshift and Redshift In Small Angle Diffraction

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 4 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The observation of spectral shift in astronomy arises from the relative motion between the observed star and the earth. Both blueshift and redshift can be explained with the relative movement of the double-slit interference. In the rest frame of the star, the light passes through the slit to travel a straight path to reach the projection screen. The intersection of this path and the screen is shifted by the movement of the screen. If the screen moves away from the path, the spectrum will be shifted away from the center of the screen. This is known as redshift. If the screen moves toward the path, the spectrum will be shifted toward the center of the screen. This is known as blueshift. The spectrum not only shifts in position but also expands in size. The spectral shift is the result of the relative motion between the projection screen and the path of phase shift. It is not the result of any variation in the wavelength.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[32] viXra:1907.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 02:09:27

Tracking Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1907.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 02:30:04

Limits of Measurement Accuracy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30] viXra:1907.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 02:47:50

Sound in Bose-Einstein Condensates

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

There are two sound velocities in a Bose-Einstein condensate. In addition to the normal sound propagation there is second sound, which is a quantum phenomenon. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.
Category: Quantum Physics

[29] viXra:1907.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 03:02:42

Like Charges Attract

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

But in a new study, physicists have made the surprising discovery that two spherical like-charged metal nanoparticles with unequal charges can attract one another in a dilute electrolyte solution. [23] There are two sound velocities in a Bose-Einstein condensate. In addition to the normal sound propagation there is second sound, which is a quantum phenomenon. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28] viXra:1907.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 03:16:11

Neural Nets Simulate Molecular Motion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

New work from Los Alamos National Laboratory, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the University of Florida is showing that artificial neural nets can be trained to encode quantum mechanical laws to describe the motions of molecules, supercharging simulations potentially across a broad range of fields. [24] But in a new study, physicists have made the surprising discovery that two spherical like-charged metal nanoparticles with unequal charges can attract one another in a dilute electrolyte solution. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27] viXra:1907.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 07:40:32

Delphi 2

Authors: M. W. Roberts
Comments: 16 Pages.

An optical communication system is described. The system provides a unique operational capability that allows rapid communications over long, even astronomical distances.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26] viXra:1907.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 07:41:08

On the Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions of Tenth Order: New Possible Mathematical Developments and Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole Physics I

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 185 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various and interesting new possible mathematical developments concerning some Ramanujan’s Mock theta functions of tenth order and mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole physics
Category: Mathematical Physics

[25] viXra:1907.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 08:36:22

Is There Glue in Cuprate Superconductors? The Change of the Electron Clouds of Ions

Authors: Tiege Zhou
Comments: 10 Pages.

P. W. Anderson raised an important question in 2007: Is There Glue in Cuprate Superconductors? The author believes that the change of the electron clouds of ions is the glue in cuprate superconductors. The change of the electron clouds of the ions in the parent structure of the layered high-temperature superconductors CaCuO2 has been studied by the first-principles calculations. The electron clouds of Cu2+ and O2- ions change obviously under electric fields. It is also found, for the first time, the characteristic frequencies of the change of the electron clouds are 250 meV, 360 meV, and 100 meV, respectively, for the modes observed. The frequencies are low and close to that of lattice vibrations, indicating the change of the electron cloud of ions can be the electron-pairing medium in cuprate superconductors.
Category: Condensed Matter

[24] viXra:1907.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 09:24:40

The 3-rd Prognosis of Large Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions According Daily Indexes of Solar Activity

Authors: A.M.Eigenson, I.B.Bazylevych, M.S.Shevchenko
Comments: 1 Page.

Recently we have done two prognosis of earthquakes (EQ) and volcanic eruptions (VE) on daily indexes of solar activity [1,2]. Both these forecasting’s are just confirmed, and here we represent the next one. All these predictions have the basis in the investigation of the first as the authors [3,4]. These was shown that when solar activity curve begins go down, then in the vicinity of its minimum the EQ and VE occur with large probability. So, knowing the behavior of solar curve, one could make the corresponding prognosis. Our previous prognosis deals in the period of Spring 2019, and now we present the prediction for Summer, 2019. In Fig.1 we see that the evident minimum of W Number was on July, 27. So we prognose the new dangerous area would be between this date and July,11 (may be, even later). (Remark: earthquakes 6+ are noted as circle’s, earthquakes 7+ as ellipses)
Category: Geophysics

[23] viXra:1907.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 10:05:59

Neural Networks Simulating Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

"We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[22] viXra:1907.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 10:53:52

Electron-Phonon Interactions at BESSY

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

An HZB team at BESSY II has, for the first time, experimentally assessed the principal microscopic process of ultra-fast magnetism. [27] Scientists at Harvard have developed a bismuth-based, two-dimensional superconductor that is only one nanometer thick. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[21] viXra:1907.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 11:20:21

Anomalies in Quantum Field Theories

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 100 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[20] viXra:1907.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 11:37:54

MRI on Single Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 101 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[19] viXra:1907.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 12:48:07

Machine Learning Design Proteins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

According to researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US they both gain from being composed of structures over a range of scales be that notes, chords and melodies or amino acids, proteins and collagen matrices. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[18] viXra:1907.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 20:46:47

Stellar Metamorphosis: Titanium

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Titanium is discussed and connected from young to old stars. Titanium's role in stellar evolution is still not completely worked out, but it is essential to create a foundational understanding of the element for future generations.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1907.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 23:59:43

Jounrée de pi , 25 Avril 2019

Authors: Simon Plouffe
Comments: 58 Pages.

Une revue historique du nombre Pi faite à l'IUT de Nantes. A presentation of Pi made at Université de Nantes (IUT) on April 25 2019.
Category: Number Theory

[16] viXra:1907.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 02:07:40

Word Cat Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 8 Pages. -

The etymology of some Russian words is considered
Category: Linguistics

[15] viXra:1907.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 02:07:54

Light Waves Accelerate Supercurrents

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 101 Pages.

Jigang Wang patiently explained his latest discovery in quantum control that could lead to superfast computing based on quantum mechanics. [58] Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[14] viXra:1907.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:02:43

On the Efficacy of Moringa Oleifera as Anticancer Treatment: A Literature Survey

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 5 Pages. this article has been published in BAOJ Cancer Research J., june 2019

Medicinal plants are important elements of indigenous medical system that have persisted in developing countries. Many of the botanical chemo-preventions currently used as potent anticancer agents. However, some important anticancer agents are still extracted from plants because they cannot be synthesized chemically on a commercial scale due to their complex structures that often contain several chiral centers. The aim of this study was to test different extracts from the Moringa oleifera leaves. Previous studies have shown potentially antioxidant, antitumor promoter, anticlastogen and anticarcinogen activities both in vitro and in vivo. Emerging evidence indicates that efficacy of Moringa oleifera in cancer treatment deserves re-examination. This paper is a short literature survey of research in recent years.
Category: Biochemistry

[13] viXra:1907.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:04:39

Remark on Unified Vortical Singularity (UVS) model in Comparison with Navier-Stokes Cosmology

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Daniel Chandra
Comments: 14 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

In this paper , we review shortly UVS model of the Universe, based on information in their website. Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) is a postulated cosmic archetype of a nested vortical hypersphere system. All sorts of its torus transformed hypersphere structures, are perceivable to be ubiquitously manifested in the observable universe throughout macrocosms and microcosms. We also discuss briefly a new model that we call Navier-Stokes cosmology, because we realize that the Cosmic Web of large scale structure of the Universe can only be approached using turbulence/NS theory. This short review is of course not complete, and therefore more research is needed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[12] viXra:1907.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:06:42

Three Ways to Describe Scale-Invariant Turbulence Cosmology: from Navier-Stokes to Burgers Equation to Golden Ratio Etc.

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Daniel Chandra
Comments: 15 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

In recent years, there is growing interest to describe the Universe we live in from the perspective of scale-invariant turbulence approach. Such an approach is not limited to hydrodynamics Universe model a la Gibson & Schild, but also from Kolmogorov turbulence approach as well as from String theory approach (some researcher began to explore String-Turbulence). In this article, we hope to bring out some correspondence among existing models, so we discuss shortly: the topological vortice approach, Burgers equation in the light of KAM theory and Golden Mean, and the Cantorian Navier-Stokes approach. Of course, this short article is far from being complete. We hope further investigation can be done around this line of approach.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11] viXra:1907.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:08:18

“One Note Samba” Approach to Cosmology: How to Connect Bose-Einstein Condensate, Ermakov-Pinney Equation, Scalar Field Cosmology and Feshbach Resonance All at Once

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 14 Pages. This paper has been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

Inspired by “One Note Samba,” a standard jazz repertoire, we present an outline of BoseEinstein Condensate Cosmology (BECC). Although this approach seems awkward and a bit off the wall at first glance, it is not impossible to connect altogether BEC, Scalar Field Cosmology and Feshbach Resonance with Ermakov-Pinney equation. We also discuss shortly possible link with our previous paper, where we describe Newtonian Universe with Vortex in terms of Ermakov equation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[10] viXra:1907.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:14:34

Unified Electro-Gravity (UEG) Theory Applied to Stellar Gravitation, and the Mass-Luminosity Relation (MLR)

Authors: Nirod K. Das
Comments: 15 Pages.

The Unified Electro-Gravity (UEG) theory is applied to model gravitational effects of an individual star or a binary-star system, including that of the sun which is the only star of our solar system. The basic UEG theory was originally developed to model elementary particles, as a substitute for the standard model of particle physics. The UEG theory is extended in this paper (a) to model the gravitational force due to light radiation from an individual star, which determines its energy output due to nuclear fusion in the star, as well as (b) to model the gravitational force between two nearby stars, which determines the orbital dynamics in a binary-star system. The mass-luminosity relation (MLR) derived separately from each of the above two models are compared and studied together with the MLR currently available from measured orbital data for binary stars, as well as from an existing energy-source model for stellar nuclear fusion (Eddington's model). The current MLR data uses conventional Newtonian gravity, where the gravitational force is produced only due to the gravitational mass of the star, which is assumed to be equal to the inertial mass as per the principle of equivalence. This Newtonian gravitational model is modified by including the new UEG effect due to the light radiation of a star, in order to establish the actual MLR which can be significantly different from the currently available MLR. The new UEG theory is applied to an individual isolated star (for modeling the force for stellar nuclear fusion), which is spherically symmetric about its own center, in a fundamentally different manner from its application to a binary-star system (for modeling orbital motion of a binary-star), which is not a spherically-symmetric structure.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1907.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:19:44

Unified Electro-Gravity (UEG) Theory Applied to Spiral Galaxies

Authors: Nirod K. Das
Comments: 10 Pages.

The unified electro-gravity (UEG) theory, which has been successfully used for modeling elementary particles, as well as single and binary stars, is extended in this paper to model gravitation in spiral galaxies. A new UEG model would explain the ``flat rotation curves'' commonly observed in the spiral galaxies. The UEG theory is developed in a fundamentally different manner for a spiral galaxy, as compared to prior applications of the UEG theory to the elementary particle and single stars. This is because the spiral galaxy, unlike the elementary particles or single stars, is not spherically symmetric. The UEG constant $\gamma$, required in the new model to support the galaxies' flat rotation speeds, is estimated using measured data from a galaxy survey, as well as for a selected galaxy for illustration. The estimates are compared with the $\gamma$ derived from a UEG model of elementary particles. The UEG model for the galaxy is shown to explain the empirical Tuly-Fisher Relationship (TFR), is consistent with the Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND), and is also independently supported by measured trends of galaxy thickness with surface brightness and rotation speed.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1907.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:28:19

The Unified Electro-Gravity (UEG) Theory Applied to Cosmology

Authors: Nirod K. Das
Comments: 14 Pages.

The Unified Electro-Gravity (UEG) theory is extended for the unique conditions of cosmology, which may support a possible reversal of the current expansionary phase of the universe, explain the current accelerated expansion of the universe without need for any dark energy, and also explain the signatures of the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and in the correlation function of galaxy distribution, without any dark matter. UEG effects due to the the CMB radiation in the recent universe, and in the ionized environment before recombination, as well as those due to anticipated star lights in the future universe, are modeled with suitable cosmological assumptions. This may provide a new theoretical paradigm, which can potentially answer some of the most fundamental questions in cosmology today.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1907.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 04:16:27

The Quark-Gluon Model Versus the Idea of Partons

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 7 Pages.

While the reality of quarks has been verified experimentally, we may say that the concept of gluons is more of a mathematical concept. In this paper, we explore the epistemological foundation of quantum chromodynamics. We do so by re-examining the concept of partons, which was introduced by Richard Feynman as a generic term for pointlike constituents of matter. We examine whether or not the concept of a colorless, flavorless and zero-charge parton – onto which we can then load the various properties that are necessary to explain reality – might work. The preliminary conclusion is that the parton model may offer sufficient degrees of freedom to model what the quark-gluon model is modelling. In fact, we suggest the idea of quarks and gluons might be a bit like the 19th century aether theory: perhaps we don’t need it. The underlying question is, of course, much more fundamental: do we need quantum field theory?
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[6] viXra:1907.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 05:23:07

Kinetics and Thermodynamics Together

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis's McKelvey School of Engineering have pioneered cutting edge methods to study the formation of calcium carbonate in saline water. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[5] viXra:1907.0005 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-02 05:38:12

Does the Distance- Redshift Curve of Receding Galaxies Show an Accelerating or a Decelerating Expansion of the Universe ?

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 7 Pages.

Some cosmologists have noted the profound coincidence of the value of the anomalous acceleration( 8.74 x 10-10 m/s2 ) of Pioneer spacecraft with the value of the so-called cosmological acceleration, about which mainstream physics has been silent. The starting argument in this paper is that this may not be a coincidence and that both accelerations are manifestations of the same phenomenon.However, the anomalous acceleration of the Pioneer is negative, whereas cosmological acceleration is positive, which would be a contradiction. Therefore, both accelerations must have not only the same magnitude, but also the same sign. This leads us to question the usual interpretation of distance-redshift curves of receding galaxies, which is based on the theory of expansion of the universe .In this paper, we will show that the universe is in decelerating 'expansion', not accelerating expansion. A decelerating force will increase the time taken for a galaxy to reach a given receding velocity, compared to the time taken according to Hubble's law.Using elementary kinematics we will show that increase in the time taken to reach a given receding velocity will increase the corresponding distance travelled.The longer the time the galaxy is in motion, the larger the distance it will travel. The effect of increase in time will always more than offset the effect of decrease in acceleration.Hubble's law is not due to expansion of the universe; it is due to a modified Newtonian law of gravity. The coincidence of the Pioneer anomalous acceleration with cosmological acceleration disproves general relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[4] viXra:1907.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 04:00:21

In Vitro Blood Vessel Fabrication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Tao Sun and colleagues from Beijing Institute of Technology have described a novel method to incorporate synthetic microfibres containing magnetic beads into self-assembled tissue micro-rings. [25] By testing a variety of gold nanoparticles, researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and collaborators are providing first evidence of their impact upon human B lymphocytes—the immune cells responsible for antibody production. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[3] viXra:1907.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 04:43:12

3-D Body Mapping Medical Conditions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Medical advancements can come at a physical cost. Often following diagnosis and treatment for cancer and other diseases, patients' organs and cells can remain healed but damaged from the medical condition. [26] Tao Sun and colleagues from Beijing Institute of Technology have described a novel method to incorporate synthetic microfibres containing magnetic beads into self-assembled tissue micro-rings. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[2] viXra:1907.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 04:58:06

New Agent for X-Ray

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Russian scientists found that nanocrystal tungsten trioxide can be used instead of barium for X-ray examinations and also in cancer treatment. [27] Medical advancements can come at a physical cost. Often following diagnosis and treatment for cancer and other diseases, patients' organs and cells can remain healed but damaged from the medical condition. [26] Tao Sun and colleagues from Beijing Institute of Technology have described a novel method to incorporate synthetic microfibres containing magnetic beads into self-assembled tissue micro-rings. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[1] viXra:1907.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 05:12:08

Deliver Drugs Through the Skin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Such emulsions are similar to the mixture that forms when you shake an oil-and-vinegar salad dressing, but with much smaller droplets. [28] Russian scientists found that nanocrystal tungsten trioxide can be used instead of barium for X-ray examinations and also in cancer treatment. [27] Medical advancements can come at a physical cost. Often following diagnosis and treatment for cancer and other diseases, patients' organs and cells can remain healed but damaged from the medical condition. [26]
Category: Physics of Biology