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1812 Submissions

[216] viXra:1812.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 06:24:47

New Super-Resolution Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Würzburg have been able to boost current super-resolution microscopy by a novel tweak. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[215] viXra:1812.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 06:44:09

Low-Power Computing Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 94 Pages.

"The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[214] viXra:1812.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 07:34:37

Quantum Networking Future

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

A scientist involved in expanding quantum communication to a network of users, is continuing his work at the University of Bristol. [33] In recent years, nanofabricated mechanical oscillators have emerged as a promising platform for quantum information applications. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[213] viXra:1812.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 08:06:20

Mini Gravitational Wave Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

The gravitational waves created by black holes or neutron stars in the depths of space have been found to reach Earth. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[212] viXra:1812.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 08:45:16

Pourquoi L'hypothèse de Riemann Est Fausse

Authors: Jean Pierre Morvan
Comments: 6 Pages.

L'hypothèse de RIEMANN est fausse parce que la fonction zéta n'est pas nulle avec s = 1/2 +ib
Category: Number Theory

[211] viXra:1812.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 08:50:51

Secrets of the Sun

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 3 pages

When measured in Planck units the vital parameters of the sun take particular values.
Category: Astrophysics

[210] viXra:1812.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 13:40:18

Reversing Teerac

Authors: Jason Reaves
Comments: 10 Pages. Malware research into Teerac variant of TorrentLocker

2016 is filled with what seems like a new Ransomware every day, whether the influx is due to the recent sale of the CryptoWall source code or the actors involved in Dyre have since moved on to something profitable after the reported takedown, it would appear that for the time being pushing Ransomware is the new hip thing in the malware world. Most of the big names in Ransomware have had plenty of papers and research done but lots of the newer variants while possibly being based on either leaked or sold code will more often than not make changes in order to make themselves unique. Teerac which is a variant of TorrentLocker with a subdomain generation feature to the hardcoded domain is no exception to this as the malware matches multiple reports on TorrentLocker with the exception of an added subdomain generation.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[209] viXra:1812.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 16:12:24

Ten Explanations on Essential Subjects of the Modern Theoretical Physics which need Immediate and Radical Re-studying. Part One.

Authors: Vaggelis Talios
Comments: 14 Pages.

Many explanations on essential subjects of the modern theoretical physics leave a lot of unanswered questions. Certainly, the proposal of these explanations has been formulated based on the rationale that their definite establishment would take place only when all questions on each and every explanation would have been answered. However, as time passed by, the questions that had to be answered have been forgotten and the explanations have been established without the provision of the respective answers. The result of this tactic was the introduction of a lot of erroneous explanations in the modern theoretical physics; which need immediate and radical re-studying. In the present paper, I describe these explanations, adding some new proposals, which I believe will help this re-studying.
Category: Classical Physics

[208] viXra:1812.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 21:08:50

A Comment on the Collatz (3x+1) Conjecture

Authors: Stephen Moore
Comments: 2 Pages.

rThe stopping time of an integer X is the number of steps in a Collatz sequence which lead to an integer value less than X. This note details an algorithm for deriving X from a list of the steps in a stopping time sequence, thus inverting the operation. sfmoorex@gmail.com
Category: General Mathematics

[207] viXra:1812.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 21:45:15

Proof of the Riemann Hypothesis by Toshichan-Man

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

It proved the Riemann hypothesis. I used Euler's formula.
Category: General Mathematics

[206] viXra:1812.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 22:07:23

The Masses Explanation

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

In this theory we will talk about the notion of masses masses are conceptually not understood so we will show how to understand masses now first of all masses have a relation with volume this relation defines how masses act the relation is simply is that if you have a mass having a certain volume you must now that this is not the true volume masses occupy less true volume than its seen volume being that said you know that if an element has a ratio of real volume over seen volume or real volume/seen volume in one element much less than that of another element you could conclude that the second element has larger mass
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[205] viXra:1812.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 23:53:47

Prime Number Determination Method Vol.1

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 12 Pages.

As a prime number determination method, if the number is divided by 12 or 18 or 24 or 30 and the remainder is a prime number including 1, it is a prime number. If the remainder is 2, it is an even number. If the remainder is 3, it is a multiple of 3. In particular, the remainder of the prime divided by 12 is limited to 1, 5,7 and 11. Therefore, the method of dividing by 12 seems to be the most efficient. There is also a method of using the fact that the remainder becomes a prime number of 30 or less by dividing by 30, which is better or more subtle. When prime is divided by 30, the remainder always becomes prime. Thus the prime number circulates in 12 or 30 and more for example, 18, 24, etc.. But, In the case of multiplication of prime number and prime number, the remainder may be 35 or 25 and prime number when dividing by 48. And this is not only when dividing by 48, the same can be said when dividing by 30, 24, 18. It can not be determined whether it is a prime or not, it is just a sieve.
Category: Number Theory

[204] viXra:1812.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 00:26:43

The Big Burst

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 5 Pages.

Everyone has heard of various possible ends of the universe:
The Big Crunch, The Big Bounce, The Big Rip, The Big Freeze, etc.

Here is another...
The Big Burst - Welcome to the End of the World.
There will be a massive energy burst released by neutrinos into the fabric-of-space.
Then a massive drop-off in tension caused by too much "fabric" per given volume.
The fabric-of-space - that is the universe as we know it - becomes something like a floppy 3-D tennis net.
First Law? Energy? Gravity? Light? Heat? Pooof, Gone!
There will NOT even be time happening (as we know it).
Category: Astrophysics

[203] viXra:1812.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 01:59:30

What is Anomalous about the Anomalous Magnetic Moment?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper explores the geometry of the experiments measuring the anomalous magnetic moment. It is argued that there is nothing anomalous about it. The Larmor precession invalidates the usual substitution that is made for the gyromagnetic ratio of the precessional motion. In fact, if the substitution is made, one gets a value of 1/2 instead of zero. We should, therefore, not wonder why the anomalous magnetic moment is not equal to zero, but why it is so nearly zero.
Category: Quantum Physics

[202] viXra:1812.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 02:46:32

God Does not Play Dice.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 2 Pages. For further research.

Age old debate on whether God play dice or not can be resolved by re structuring Quantum Physics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[201] viXra:1812.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 03:35:24

Stretched Quantum Magnetism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

By studying ultracold atoms trapped in artificial crystals of light, Guillaume Salomon, a postdoc at the Max-Planck-Institute of Quantum Optics and a team of scientists have been able to directly observe a fundamental effect of one-dimensional quantum systems. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[200] viXra:1812.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 04:53:44

In Cosmology, C2=const is the Measure of Inertia, not Mass

Authors: Milan D. Nešić
Comments: 10 Pages.

It is understandable that in 1916 Einstein was unable to explain his postulate c=const, that in the case of the lightning and the train that moves on the railway embankment he still tacitly implied that the inertial coordinate system which is at rest has advantage over the one in motion. In serious scientific journals, there are no tries of explanations of this postulate, but it is strange that even today, at popular lectures, Einstein's explanation is taken as valid. It isn't difficult to show that his explanation is not valid; it is difficult to find the right explanation without trying to form an alternative theory. The article is dedicated to this goal. The found explanation will also serve to explain, for example, the EPR-paradox without any “spooky action at a distance” or “hidden variables” (Einstein’s expressions). And this is not the only example where it can serve.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[199] viXra:1812.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 06:10:22

Copper Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 90 Pages.

Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[198] viXra:1812.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 06:27:35

Equal Sized Rigid String Based New Black Holes do not Merge But, Form Herbig Haro Systems.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 24 Pages.

Equal sized Rigid String based Black Holes do not merge but, form Herbig Haro systems with a White Hole (also called Wormhole) in the middle as the center of plasma jet production. Clear example of a star forming Herbig Haro system HH34: two equal sized stringy Stellar Anchor Black Holes (negative charged SABHs / Bowshocks) with plasma Sink (White Hole) in the middle for pressure cooker star formation. (Quantum FFF Model). According to Einstein cosmology, a Wormhole is the opposite of a Black Hole. In Q-FFF Theory however, a Wormhole is a diluted spacetime area of the oscillating Axion Higgs lattice vacuum in between two or even more equal sized stringy black holes nuclei. Diluted spacetime area means, a vacuum lattice with longest Planck lattices of the surrounding area.
Category: Astrophysics

[197] viXra:1812.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 06:32:19

El Fractal F74

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 14 Pages.

Esta nota presenta una imagen fractal.
Category: General Mathematics

[196] viXra:1812.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 06:35:09

Elementary Fractals : Part V

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 108 Pages.

This note presents a collection of elementary fractals.
Category: Geometry

[195] viXra:1812.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 07:28:16

Real History of Quantum Biology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Quantum biology seeks to understand whether quantum mechanics plays a role in biological processes. [32] Washington State University researchers for the first time have shown that they can use electrical fields to gain valuable information about the tiny, floating vesicles that move around in animals and plants and are critically important to many biological functions. [31] Finding a fast and inexpensive way to detect specific strains of bacteria and viruses is critical to food safety, water quality, environmental protection and human health. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[194] viXra:1812.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 07:46:37

About the Universe

Authors: Peter H. Michalicka
Comments: 4 Pages.

A time scale of the Universe will be shown in all details. It starts with the existence of the first information (0/1) Bit and the probability of God or the Creator of the Universe. Step by step are comming dimensions within the Universe until the 4-dimensionsal Universe of General Relativity Theory (GRT) is created.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[193] viXra:1812.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 08:40:36

Quantum Computing a Decade Away

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 92 Pages.

Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[192] viXra:1812.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 09:48:46

Advanced Photon Source Upgrade

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

A longstanding problem in optics holds that an improved resolution in imaging is offset by a loss in the depth of focus. Now, scientists are joining computation with X-ray imaging as they develop a new and exciting technique to bypass this limitation. [25] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have successfully generated controlled electron pulses in the attosecond range. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[191] viXra:1812.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 10:19:27

When Organizational Identification and Control Prevent Sharing Scientific Discovery

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages. 5 references, a "B-" paper

: A short overview of how academics control each other and some flaws induced by too much identification, control and discipline. It is argued and researched that too much of all three latter concepts can counteract the stated goals of teams in large organizations. In fact, too much identification, control and discipline reduces quality, stamps out creativity and decreases employee involvement. This can lead to peer review reinforced group think and the overall stalling of progress in science and of sharing scientific discoveries. As well it shows that resistance to discoveries is rooted in cultural norms and shared misguided definitions.
Category: Social Science

[190] viXra:1812.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 10:58:38

New Type of Phase Transformation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers have discovered an unusual new type of phase transformation in the transition metal zirconium. [27] In the drive to find new ways to extend electronics beyond the use of silicon, physicists are experimenting with other properties of electrons, beyond charge. [26] In the emerging field of magnon spintronics, researchers seek to transport and process information by means of so-called magnon spin currents. [25] Working together, Miller, Boehme, Vardeny and their colleagues have shown that an organic-based magnet can carry waves of quantum mechanical magnetization, called magnons, and convert those waves to electrical signals. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17]
Category: Condensed Matter

[189] viXra:1812.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 13:19:51

Neutrosophic Shortest Path Problem

Authors: Ranjan Kumar, S A Edaltpanah, Sripati Jha, Said Broumi, Arindam Dey
Comments: 11 Pages.

Neutrosophic set theory provides a new tool to handle the uncertainties in shortest path problem (SPP). This paper introduces the SPP from a source node to a destination node on a neutrosophic graph in which a positive neutrosophic number is assigned to each edge as its edge cost. We define this problem as neutrosophic shortest path problem (NSSPP). A simple algorithm is also introduced to solve the NSSPP. The proposed algorithm finds the neutrosophic shortest path (NSSP) and its corresponding neutrosophic shortest path length (NSSPL) between source node and destination node. Our proposed algorithm is also capable to find crisp shortest path length (CrSPL) of the corresponding neutrosophic shortest path length (NSSPL) which helps the decision maker to choose the shortest path easily. We also compare our proposed algorithm with some existing methods to show efficiency of our proposed algorithm. Finally, some numerical experiments are given to show the effectiveness and robustness of the new model. Numerical and graphical results demonstrate that the novel methods are superior to the existing method.
Category: General Mathematics

[188] viXra:1812.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 13:52:02

Refutation of Graded Modal Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate definitions of five frame classes and a main theorem of satisfiability. Three of the five frame classes are not tautologous and the designated example for satisfiability is not tautologous. This refutes graded modal logic.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[187] viXra:1812.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 13:49:28

How Cells Communicate Diseases

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Portland State University researchers have made a significant breakthrough by developing the 3-D structure of proteins from inside the eye lens that control how cells communicate with each other, which could open the door to treating diseases such as cataracts, stroke and cancer. [37] A new computational model developed by researchers from The City College of New York and Yale gives a clearer picture of the structure and mechanics of soft, shape-changing cells that could provide a better understanding of cancerous tumor growth, wound healing, and embryonic development. [36]
Category: Physics of Biology

[186] viXra:1812.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 21:36:30

On the Logical Foundation of Physics (Part 2) Draft

Authors: Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay
Comments: 76 Pages.

The aim of this work is, first, to set the basis for a formal model of science, then, it is to show that the laws of physics are its theorems. Necessarily, all theories that are the logical product of science are theorems of our model. As this includes physics, our model is, therefore, its logical foundation. Our model is an axiomatic realization of the participatory universe envisioned by John Archibald Wheeler, in which the observer's practice of science is associated with proving reality. As our model is constructive of the mathematical structure isomorphic to nature, it deprecates Karl Popper's definition of science based on falsifiability. The formal practice of science consists of constructing a message (in the sense of Shannon's theory of information) of experiments (the elements of the message) constrained by the requirement that the elements are verifiable by the statistical priors of the message. In this context, we define the priors as Nature and we qualify the message as scientific. Nature is thus understood as a general proof checker for experiments. We show that the construction of a scientific message bounds nature (the priors) to a cosmology entirely emergent from the entropy of the scientific message. Finally, we conclude that the participatory-universe is emergent from the ideal practice of science.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[185] viXra:1812.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 21:38:39

Refutation of Lyndon Interpolation

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate the Lyndon interpolation on the logic GL. Each is not tautologous, and the combination is not tautologous, hence rendering both refuted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[184] viXra:1812.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 03:04:57

New Device Questions Quantum Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 91 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy—a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[183] viXra:1812.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 04:07:23

Technology Sees Nerve Cells Fire

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Researchers at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, have created a noninvasive technology that detects when nerve cells fire based on changes in shape. [38] Portland State University researchers have made a significant breakthrough by developing the 3-D structure of proteins from inside the eye lens that control how cells communicate with each other, which could open the door to treating diseases such as cataracts, stroke and cancer. [37] A new computational model developed by researchers from The City College of New York and Yale gives a clearer picture of the structure and mechanics of soft, shape-changing cells that could provide a better understanding of cancerous tumor growth, wound healing, and embryonic development. [36]
Category: Physics of Biology

[182] viXra:1812.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 05:42:51

Existence is a Travel Through 3 Scales of the 5th Dimension

Authors: Luis Sancho
Comments: 10 Pages.

This paper resumes in 10 pages the scalar, decametric organic systems of the 5th dimension of space-time, information. We introduce the fifth dimension that organizes parts into wholes, its metric, its main system in simultaneous space, the superorganism, and in time, the worldcycle of existence, describing life as a travel through 3 scales of the 5th dimension. Finally we introduce the 3 scalar levels of time motions, the mathematical spatial continuous level of calculus, the discontinuous causal level of logic repetitive actions and the Deep time, organic level of evolution, which allow us to forecast the futures not only of physical systems, but biologic and social systems.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[181] viXra:1812.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 08:23:49

What Do We See: Signs Of Quantum Gravity Or Dark Energy?

Authors: Michael A. Ivanov
Comments: 6 Pages. Contribution to the 15th Marcel Grossmann Meeting (MG15), Rome, Italy, July 1-7, 2018

Cosmological observations of remote objects may be interpreted in the model of low-energy quantum gravity by the author without dark energy. The theoretical Hubble diagram of the model fits observations very well. Additionally, this diagram should be the multivalued function of the redshift for soft and hard radiations; perhaps, this feature may be seen for the GRBs data set with the Yonetoku calibration. In the model, the ratio H(z)/(1+z) should be equal to the Hubble constant; the constancy of this ratio is verified up to $z< 2$ with high probability using compilations of H(z) observations.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[180] viXra:1812.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 12:15:20

Refutation of the Hahn-Banach Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate the Hahn-Banach theorem. Without or with the universal quantifiers, the equations are not tautologous. This refutes the Hahn-Banach theorem.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[179] viXra:1812.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 16:27:17

Definitive Proof of the Twin-Prime Conjecture and de Polignac’s Conjecture

Authors: Kenneth A. Watanabe
Comments: 9 Pages.

A twin prime is defined as a pair of prime numbers (p1,p2) such that p1 + 2 = p2. The Twin Prime Conjecture states that there are an infinite number of twin primes. The first mention of the Twin Prime Conjecture was in 1849, when de Polignac made the more general conjecture that for every natural number k, there are infinitely many primes p such that p + 2k is also prime. The case where k = 1 is the Twin Prime Conjecture. In this document, I derive a function that corresponds to the number of twin primes less than n for large values of n. This equation is identical to that used to prove the Goldbach Conjecture. Then by proof by induction, it is shown that as n increases indefinitely, the function also increases indefinitely thus proving the Twin Prime Conjecture. Using the same methodology, de Polignac’s conjecture is also shown to be true.
Category: Number Theory

[178] viXra:1812.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 16:31:35

Ole Romer

Authors: Gerard Garroch
Comments: 18 Pages.

hypothesis based on real time events
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[177] viXra:1812.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 21:37:57

Solution of a Sangaku ``Tangency" Problem via Geometric Algebra

Authors: James A. Smith
Comments: 5 Pages.

Because the shortage of worked-out examples at introductory levels is an obstacle to widespread adoption of Geometric Algebra (GA), we use GA to solve one of the beautiful \emph{sangaku} problems from 19th-Century Japan. Among the GA operations that prove useful is the rotation of vectors via the unit bivector i.
Category: Geometry

[176] viXra:1812.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 22:27:00

Refutation of Agm Postulates and Levi and Harper Bridging Principles

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate the AGM logic system in eight postulates and two bridging principles. The postulates named success, inclusion, vacuity, and inconsistency and the Levi and Harper bridging principles are not tautologous, hence refuting the AGM logic system.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[175] viXra:1812.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 22:28:46

Resolution of Moore's Paradox as a Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2016-2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate Moore's paradox, as touted by Wittgenstein, with Hintikka's omissive or commissive logical forms as "P and NOT(belief in P)" or "P and belief in NOT-P". The former as antecedent (contradictory) and the latter as consequent (neither contradictory nor tautologous) imply tautology, a theorem.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[174] viXra:1812.0203 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-12 10:43:42

Review on Rationality Problems of Algebraic K-Tori

Authors: Youngjin Bae
Comments: 12 Pages.

Rationality problems of algebraic k-tori are closely related to rationality problems of the invariant field, also known as Noether's Problem. We describe how a function field of algebraic k-tori can be identified as an invariant field under a group action and that a k-tori is rational if and only if its function field is rational over k. We also introduce character group of k-tori and numerical approach to determine rationality of k-tori.
Category: Algebra

[173] viXra:1812.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 01:39:33

A Geometric Interpretation of Schrödinger’s Wave Equation

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: No. of pages excludes title page and references

Following a series of papers on a geometric interpretation of the wavefunction, this paper offers a geometric interpretation of the wave equation itself. It interprets Schrödinger’s equation as a differential equation for elliptical orbitals. As such, it complements a revised Rutherford-Bohr model which is also based on the assumption that – if electron orbitals would be actual orbitals – they would be elliptical rather than circular. Keywords: Bohr model, Schrödinger’s equation, rest matter oscillation, electron orbitals, wavefunction interpretations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[172] viXra:1812.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 02:29:14

Six, Pole and Gesture

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 8 Pages.

The estimated etymology of the connected bush of words is considered
Category: Linguistics

[171] viXra:1812.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 03:07:28

The Moon Orbital Motion

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract Why Earth daily motion 2.58 mkm = The moon orbital circumference at apogee radius r=0.406 mkm (Apogee radius is the longest distance between the Earth and Moon)? Conclusion: The Moon orbital motion depends on relativistic effects are found in the moon orbit. Introduction Paper Main Hypothesis: The rate 1.0725 is found by lorentz relativities effects (Apogee orbital Circumference 2.58/Moon orbital circumference 2.41) =1.0725 The Hypothesis Explanation: (28.3 deg Neptune axial tilt/ 26.7 deg. Saturn axial tilt)= (26.7 deg. Saturn axial tilt/ 25.2 deg. Mars axial tilt) = (25.2 deg. Mars axial tilt/ 23.4 deg. Earth axial tilt) =1.0725 The previous equation explain the hypothesis 28.3 degrees (Neptune axial tilt) is the main value which is contracted by lorentz effect (1.0725) to produce 26.7 deg (Saturn axial tilt) which also is contracted again to produce 25.2 deg. (Mars axial tilt) and then contracted again to produce 23.4 deg. (Earth axial tilt) so these 4 values are one value but the difference is found by relativistic effects (The prove of this rate 1.0725 will be discussed in point no. 3) -The moon orbital motion The moon moves 2.58 mkm daily = Earth motion daily (otherwise they will be separated from each other) If there's no relativistic effects in the solar system, the moon should be seen as a bright stationary point in the sky because Earth and Moon move by the same velocity. But Because of the relativistic effects this value (2.58 mkm) will be contracted with the rate 1.0725 to produce the value 2.41 mkm (Note please/ The length contraction rate 1.0725 we have discussed clearly in my previous paper) So the moon daily motion =2.58 mkm but this value is seen =2.41mkm (because of lorentz length contraction phenomenon) The difference between both = 0.17 mkm which causes The Moon Daily Displacement (0.17 mkm = 2 x 88000km) Why the difference 0.17 mkm = 2 x moon daily displacement 88000km? may that occur because of the motions opposite directions.
Category: Astrophysics

[170] viXra:1812.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 03:15:46

The Future Science Institute (Volume Ⅱ Issue 2017-2018)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 266 Pages.

This journal is not a popular journal for public, it is a professional research level journal for scientist and artist, even for litterateur. It focus on many topics in mainstream science, especially for future science. Since this journal is very complicated and professional, so we use the “problem-proposed problem-analysis problem-solving” mode to explain our research,to make readers easier to understand. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this journal, it is better for you to study the problems mentioned in this journal carefully. To write down your unusual solutions for these problems after you have read them. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this journal can be mail to author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[169] viXra:1812.0197 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-12 21:01:15

What is the Ultimate Outcome?

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 1 Page.

Not the ultimate decision.
Category: Social Science

[168] viXra:1812.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 04:16:13

Unlock Neuron's Secrets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A team of researchers at the Laboratory for fundamental BioPhotonics (LBP) within EPFL's School of Engineering (STI) has come up with a way to monitor changes in membrane potential and to observe ion fluxes by studying the behavior of the water molecules surrounding the membranes of the neurons. [35] One recent measure to improve the visualization of the brain has been to create more comprehensive brain models that simulate neural activity. [34] Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25]
Category: Mind Science

[167] viXra:1812.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 05:14:56

Shape Shifting Cell Breakthrough

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

A new computational model developed by researchers from The City College of New York and Yale gives a clearer picture of the structure and mechanics of soft, shape-changing cells that could provide a better understanding of cancerous tumor growth, wound healing, and embryonic development. [36]
Category: Physics of Biology

[166] viXra:1812.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 05:25:40

Wearable Biomedical Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

For the first time, researchers have fabricated light-guiding structures known as waveguides just over one micron wide in a clear silicone commonly used for biomedical applications. [37] A new computational model developed by researchers from The City College of New York and Yale gives a clearer picture of the structure and mechanics of soft, shape-changing cells that could provide a better understanding of cancerous tumor growth, wound healing, and embryonic development. [36]
Category: Physics of Biology

[165] viXra:1812.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 06:08:27

Photocathodes Quantum Efficiency

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 84 Pages.

Teams from the accelerator physics and the SRF groups at HZB are developing a superconducting linear accelerator featuring energy recovery (Energy Recovery Linac) as part of the bERLinPro project. [46] Particle accelerators are made of structures called cavities, which impart energy to the particle beam, kicking it forward. [45] As an alternative cost-cutting option to accelerate particles more efficiently, the wakefield accelerator has been suggested. Physicists send a beam of either electrons, protons, or a laser through a plasma. [44] A KAIST research team successfully identified the underlying principles behind electron heating, which is one of the most important phenomena in plasmas. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[164] viXra:1812.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 07:21:00

Development of Israels Natural Gas Resources Political, Security

Authors: Erez Cohen
Comments: 10 Pages.

The natural gas reserves discovered in Israel in recent years have instigated a debate on sociopolitical, international political, security, and economic issues. Examination and analysis of various policy documents that affected the final consolidation of Israel's gas policy show that the issue of natural gas discoveries in Israel is complex and characterized by many intricacies and uncertainties that create a unique collection of problems and solution. First, there are difficulties involved in setting a time frame for the public policy designed on the topic of natural gas. Second, the work division and interaction between the government, the public, and private companies is particularly complex. Third, the taxation policy must take into account benefits for the state and its residents but at the same time maintain and preserve the incentives offered to investors and developers. Fourth, it is hard to disregard the fact that the Israeli government has chosen not to bring the decision regarding the gas outline for public debate or for review by the Knesset, and fifth, the decision about how much of the gas reserves should be preserved for domestic needs and how much exported is particularly complex.
Category: Social Science

[163] viXra:1812.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 07:24:30

The Nature of Israel's Public Policy Aimed at Curbing the Rise in Property Prices from 2008-2015, as a Derivative of the Country's Governance Structure

Authors: Erez Cohen
Comments: 19 Pages.

The paper portrays public policy steps taken in order to reduce housing prices, formulated and implemented in Israel 2008-2015, and analyzes them in light of the locally prevalent economic worldview and governance structure. Analysis of the policy shows that in order to understand the justifications for its formulation it should be viewed through the positivist worldview that focuses on the subjective considerations of policy shapers that neutralize its objective-normative efficacy. The paper stresses the impact of the country's governance structure at each point in time on the type of policy chosen and determines that a democratic but weak and unstable governance structure leads to the formulation and implementation of a positivist policy reflecting politicians' narrow interests of reelection. In contrast, stable democratic rule supported by a sound majority of a single ruling party can easily sustain public policy that expresses the normative approach, reflecting social values as defined by politicians.
Category: Social Science

[162] viXra:1812.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 07:27:29

Regulation of Academia in Israel Legislation, Policy, and Market Forces

Authors: Erez Cohen
Comments: 16 Pages.

The rapid development of Israel’s system of higher education in recent years has led to a sharp rise in the number of students, the establishment of new institutions certified to award degrees, and legislation and policy changes. The evolving circumstances are explored in the current article, which follows the sources, causes, and justifications for these changes. The study analyzes three major processes that occurred in Israel’s system of higher education since its reform in the early 1990s: the increase in the number of students, admission terms to the departments, and the demand for studies. The research findings indicate that it was the government’s decision to establish colleges in the early 1990s, rather than free market forces, that led to the considerable increase in enrollment for academic studies. Then again, free market forces appear to determine admission terms to the various departments in accordance with the principles of demand and supply. Furthermore, the government intervenes to regulate the supply of high-demand fields of study but does not complement this by acting to regulate demand trends, which are determined exclusively by the free will of applicants. Therefore, the research conclusion is that Israel has no clear well-formulated policy on higher education, a fact that allows the unrestrained detrimental domination of this system by free market forces.
Category: Social Science

[161] viXra:1812.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 07:29:44

Effect of Welfare and Employment Policies on the Correlation Between Migration and Unemployment.

Authors: Erez Cohen
Comments: 19 Pages.

The subject of immigration has been on the public and political agenda of most established countries for many years and has been the focus of much research. In light of increasing immigration to Europe in recent years, this study explores the association between immigration and local unemployment, by examining three prominent immigration destinations: Greece, Germany, and the United States. The research findings indicate that all three countries show a correlation between the two indices, with the different welfare and employment policies implemented by each generating differences in the features of this correlation. In Greece, where the welfare and employment policy implemented encourages idleness, a positive correlation was found between the indices. In Germany, which implements a conservative policy that encourages employment, a negative correlation was found between the two indices. In contrast, the United States implements a liberal immigration policy that produces an ambivalent association between the indices.
Category: Social Science

[160] viXra:1812.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 07:31:41

The Rise in Israel Real Estate Prices Sociodemographic Aspects

Authors: Erez Cohen
Comments: 21 Pages.

The conspicuous rise in Israel’s housing prices from 2008 to date, after the stable prices in the early 2000s, has raised concerns of a property bubble in the Israeli economy. The grave effects of real estate bubbles that emerged in various countries around the world throughout history and led to severe long-term economic crises within the country and elsewhere add to the concern about such occurrences in the Israeli economy. This article focuses on the current effects of the real estate bubble on Israeli society at the preliminary stage, and examines the sociodemographic implications of Israel’s rise in housing prices and its impact on several social parameters, such as the average number of members in a household, Israel’s residential density, age at marriage, the extent of emigration from the country among the young, the population’s spread to peripheral areas, the inequality index, and more.
Category: Social Science

[159] viXra:1812.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 07:51:07

Without Waste Heat Supercomputer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

Combining the lossless charge transport of superconductivity with the electronic transport of magnetic information, i.e., spintronics, paves the way for fundamentally novel functionalities for future energy-efficient information technologies. [45] The interactions of quarks and gluons are computed using lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD)—a computer-friendly version of the mathematical framework that describes these strong-force interactions. [44] The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. [43] In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[158] viXra:1812.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 09:04:59

First Optical Microchip

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 89 Pages.

The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[157] viXra:1812.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 09:32:52

Machine Learning Design Peptides

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Northwestern University researchers, teaming up with collaborators at Cornell University and the University of California, San Diego, have developed a new way of finding optimal peptide sequences: using a machine-learning algorithm as a collaborator. [28] A team of researchers led by Sanket Deshmukh, assistant professor of chemical engineering, has developed a method to investigate the structures of polymers that are sensitive to external stimuli. [27] In recent experiments studying analogous HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/extreme+waves/" extreme waves of light, researchers have used artificial intelligence to study this problem, and have now determined a probability distribution that preferentially identifies the emergence of rogue waves. [26] Artificial intelligence's potential lies not only in its ability to help improve the educational performance of learners, but also in its capacity to foster respect and understanding between all humans. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[156] viXra:1812.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 10:07:23

Graphene Liquid Cell Radiation Tolerance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Materials now demonstrate, that the radiation tolerance is increased by an order of magnitude compared to a sample in ice. This result was achieved by preparing a microtubule sample in a graphene liquid cell. [29] For the first time, a University of Michigan chemist has used quantum entanglement to examine protein structures, a process that requires only a very small number of photons of light. [28] Sunlight is essential for all life, and living organisms have evolved to sense and respond to light. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12]
Category: Physics of Biology

[155] viXra:1812.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 10:44:07

Relation Between Mass & Time and Electromagnetic Wave & Distance

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

If distance and time are related somehow then they encompass the relation between electromagnetic waves and masses that being the mass is related to time and electromagnetic waves are related to distance
Category: Quantum Physics

[154] viXra:1812.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 10:58:25

Fermat's Last Theorem ===> A Proof of The ABC Conjecture

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 4 Pages. Submitted to the journal Research In Number Theory. Comments welcome.

In this paper, we use the Fermat's Last Theorem (FLT) to give a proof of the ABC conjecture. We suppose that FLT is false ====> we arrive that the ABC conjecture is false. Then taking the negation of the last statement, we obtain: ABC conjecture is true ====> FLT is true. But, as FLT is true, then we deduce that the ABC conjecture is true.
Category: Number Theory

[153] viXra:1812.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 11:08:39

Gravity Effect on Electromagnetic Waves

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

The electromagnetic waves get less oscillations and more wavelength when they undergo the effect of gravitation thus losing energy
Category: Quantum Physics

[152] viXra:1812.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 14:11:01

Some Neutrosophic Probability Distributions

Authors: Rafif Alhabib, Moustafa Mzher Ranna, Haitham Farah, A.A. Salama
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce and study some neutrosophic probability distributions, The study is done through generalization of some classical probability distributions as Poisson distribution, Exponential distribution and Uniform distribution, this study opens the way for dealing with issues that follow the classical distributions and at the same time contain data not specified accurately.
Category: Statistics

[151] viXra:1812.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 14:16:20

Intrusion Detection System and Neutrosophic Theory for MANETs: A Comparative Study

Authors: Haitham ElWahsh, Mona Gamal, A. A. Salama, I.M. El-Henawy
Comments: 7 Pages.

. Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) is a system of wireless mobile nodes that dynamically self-organized in arbitrary and temporary network topologies without communication infrastructure. This network may change quickly and unforeseeable. The unique characteristics of MANET give an adversary the opportunity to launch numerous attacks against ad-hoc networks. So the security is an important role in MANETs. This article aims to present the concept of intrusion detection system (IDs) and surveys some of major intrusion detection approach against neutrosophic intrusion detection system in MANETs. Current IDS’s corresponding to those architectures are also reviewed and compared. This paper introduces the accuracy rate and false alarm rate of four completely different classifiers to observe the percentage and the efficiency of the classifiers in detecting attacks in MANETs. Results show that Neutrosophic intelligent system based on genetic algorithm could facilitate significantly in detecting malicious activities in MANETs. Hence, neutrosophic techniques could be utilized to suit the ambiguity nature of the IDs
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[150] viXra:1812.0178 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-12 11:29:13

The Zeta Induction Theorem: The Simplest Equivalent to the Riemann Hypothesis?

Authors: Terrence P. Murphy
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper presents an uncommon variation of proof by induction. We call it deferred induction by recursion. To set up our proof, we state (but do not prove) the Zeta Induction Theorem. We then assume that theorem is true and provide an elementary proof of the Riemann Hypothesis (showing their equivalence).
Category: Functions and Analysis

[149] viXra:1812.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 02:30:47

The 5th Dimension: the Scalar Big-Bang; Its Metric Unification of Forces.

Authors: Luis Sancho
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this article I will try to explain in brief, simple terms unlike a previous book-sized post, what we system scientists call the fifth dimension, or ‘arrow of social evolution and information’ and how its metric explains some essential matters in science, such as genetics, memetics, the scales of the Universe, sociology and religion (the arrow of social evolution in human groups) and how it connects with Relativity and physics as it is similar to the concept of cyclic time clocks, angular momentum and the principle of equivalence between acceleration and gravitational forces. We apply then 5D metrics to the unification of charges and masses and the self-similar roles of electromagnetic and dark energy forces in the quantum and cosmological scales of the fifth dimension.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[148] viXra:1812.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 05:33:11

Decomposition of Nanoparticle Finished Textiles: A Brief Overview

Authors: Liu Yu
Comments: 3 Pages.

Textiles goes through variety of dyes and chemicals to their final destination. Textiles have non/and biodegradable substances, which decompose with time. The chemicals on them may not decompose and might be toxic to microorganisms present in ground. At present, a lot of research is performed on the decomposition of textile materials in natural soil, converting into biomass, water and carbon dioxide, posing no harm to the environment. In this respect, this research work aimed to see the decomposition of chemicals present on textiles, in order to understand the biodegradation phenomenon of textile materials and chemicals when buried in soil. The visual observations revealed that the decomposition or degradation of cellulose textile materials proceeded earlier than the one with functionality substance present on the cellulosic textiles.
Category: Biochemistry

[147] viXra:1812.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 06:18:51

PPPL Plasma Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

As on Earth, so in space. A four-satellite mission that is studying magnetic reconnection—the breaking apart and explosive reconnection of the magnetic field lines in plasma that occurs throughout the universe—has found key aspects of the process in space to be strikingly similar to those found in experiments at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36]
Category: Astrophysics

[146] viXra:1812.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 06:30:39

Fourth Edition: Complex and Quaternion Optimization

Authors: Yuly Shipilevsky
Comments: 12 Pages.

We introduce and suggest to research a special class of optimiz- ation problems, wherein an objective function is a real-valued complex vari- ables function under constraints, comprising complex-valued complex vari- ables functions: "Complex Optimization" or "Complex Programming". We demonstrate multiple examples to show a rich variety of problems, d- escribing complex optimization as an optimization subclass as well as a Mi- xed-Real-Integer Complex Optimization. Next, we introduce more general concept "Quaternionic Optimization" for optimization over quaternion subsets
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[145] viXra:1812.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 06:44:21

Results of Work of LHC

Authors: Gunn Quznetsov
Comments: 33 Pages.

Here are some of the results of the LHC.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[144] viXra:1812.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 07:09:54

Ice Promote Formation of Radicals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum, the University of Duisburg-Essen and Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg have discovered a possible mechanism for this. [46] The pattern of arrangement of atoms in a crystal, called the crystal lattice, can have a huge effect on the properties of solid materials. [45] The first step of this experiment involves placing the super-tiny crystals on the tip of the glass fiber. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42] Electron microscopy has allowed scientists to see individual atoms, but even at that resolution not everything is clear. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Condensed Matter

[143] viXra:1812.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 09:56:48

The 5 Dimensional Motions of the Fractal Universe and Its 'stiences'

Authors: Luis Sancho
Comments: 280 Pages. This paper introduces new research on the 5th Dimension, a paperbook uploaded a few years ago

The Universe is a fractal scalar, organic system of 5 Dimensions of space-time. The fifth dimension is made of the 'different co-existing scales', which from the simplest forces through particles, atoms, molecules, matter, organisms, super organisms, planetary systems and galaxies, create an 'organic network structure', which amazing enough since it was discovered at the beginning of science with telescope and microscopes, was not formalized till I introduce its metric equation in the milieu of systems sciences. In mathematical science for a dimension of space-time to exist, it requires a metric equation, which combines space, and time to gives us a co-invariant system that allows to travel through such dimension. The fifth dimension has a 'metric equation', hence it exists. The equations for a given number of scales co-existing in an organic network is S (size in space) x T (speed of time cycles) = Constant. Stiences study the Disomorphic laws of species, each one focused in a scale of the eusocial 5th Dimension, with different jargons, which we shall unify as all what exist is homologic, made of the same Dimotions (ab. Dimensional motion), which force them to exist as part of super organisms tracing worldcycles, with a ternary structure in space, time and scales, guided by a still, linguistic mind, which projects its smaller mirror images of form in its territorial body waves, creating its fractal scalar structure, broken though by the entropic limits of its perceptive reach. The main nested super organisms humans perceive are: the galatom, where nested thermodynamic planets exist, where nested human social organisms self-centered in visual, verbal, mathematic and logic minds create its order with social and mechanical memes, carried by individuals where nested cellular systems exist, coded by genes, made of even smaller atoms and particles coded by quantum numbers. Yet all those scales are unified by the co-invariant metric equations of each of its synchronous time clocks. It means when we become smaller within such organic network, our time clocks accelerate. And vice versa. For example, in your organism the equation relates the cellular genetic scale, whose time cycles run much faster than your biological cycles. As information is stored in the form and frequency of time clocks, it follows that in all nature's organisms, smaller systems code the information of larger systems. Each 'stience' therefore specializes in the study of a nested super organism, or scale of the fifth dimension (∆±¡), We study 3 fundamental super organisms of the 5th dimension. The 'galatom', whose metric equation is H(Planck constant of angular momentum) x C (speed of light) = C, whereas h is an obvious 'cyclical time clock' and C an obvious measure of speed-distances in space. And indeed, smaller scales have faster turning particles, and larger systems move in slower cycles. (Vortex law: Vo x Ro = k). In biology we study families of animals such as mammals where larger organisms have slower metabolic cycles. In history we study social organisms, whose cycles of life and death, will define the evolution of nations and civilizations. And in each of those organisms, smaller systems code larger ones. So the quantum numbers of particles code matter, genes code biologic organisms, and memes code societies.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[142] viXra:1812.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 09:49:23

Materials Skip Energy Barrier

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

A new collaborative study led by a research team at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, University of California, Los Angeles and the University of Washington could provide engineers new design rules for creating microelectronics, membranes and tissues, and open up better production methods for new materials. [47]Nürnberg have discovered a possible mechanism for this. [46] The pattern of arrangement of atoms in a crystal, called the crystal lattice, can have a huge effect on the properties of solid materials. [45] The first step of this experiment involves placing the super-tiny crystals on the tip of the glass fiber. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42] Electron microscopy has allowed scientists to see individual atoms, but even at that resolution not everything is clear. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Condensed Matter

[141] viXra:1812.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 10:12:03

Affirmation of the Craig Interpolation Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate the Craig interpolation theorem, find a mistake in a Craig lemma as rendered by Feferman, and affirm the theorem.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[140] viXra:1812.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 11:09:30

Traffic Rules in Graphene

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

In the drive to find new ways to extend electronics beyond the use of silicon, physicists are experimenting with other properties of electrons, beyond charge. [26] In the emerging field of magnon spintronics, researchers seek to transport and process information by means of so-called magnon spin currents. [25] Working together, Miller, Boehme, Vardeny and their colleagues have shown that an organic-based magnet can carry waves of quantum mechanical magnetization, called magnons, and convert those waves to electrical signals. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Condensed Matter

[139] viXra:1812.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 13:37:14

Why Recessive Lethal Alleles Have not Disappeared?

Authors: Jorma Jormakka
Comments: 11 Pages. I have several times tried to submit this paper, please delete the earlier versions.

The article derives the probability for lethal recessive alleles in the case of recessive disadvantage or advantage and discusses why lethal recessive alleles have not disappeared. It is shown that recessive advantage of a lethal gene can be detected by the ratio of heterozygotes and homozygotes. This demonstrates that higher IQ of certain ethnic groups cannot be explained by recessive advantage of lethal genes.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[138] viXra:1812.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 16:20:16

Refutation of the modal logic GL2

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate the modal logic GL2 in two axioms and for satisfiability. One of the two axioms is not tautologous, and the five formulas for PSpace complete satisfiability are not tautologous. Hence GL2 is refuted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[137] viXra:1812.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 03:05:02

Proof of Goldbach Conjecture for the Integer System

Authors: Kim Geon Hack
Comments: 6 Pages. Proof of Goldbach conjecture

According to Goldbach's conjecture, every even number is the sum of two.Prime .This conjecture was proposed in 1742, In fact, it remains unproven. I prove Goldbach's conjecture.. It is related to the integer system and when the number expands to infinity it is concluded that Goldbach speculation is proven.
Category: General Mathematics

[136] viXra:1812.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 03:04:59

Microworld_52. Unsolved Problems of Physics_ 12

Authors: N.N. Leonov
Comments: 23 Pages. English and russian texts

EmDrive, “Antigravity engine”, photon engine – outbreak of a new power engineering era in the contemporary earth civilization.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[135] viXra:1812.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 03:30:41

2 Things Science Hates for Good Reasons and More

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

why science hates time travel and antigravity, why they're impossible, and what the implications are for antimatter
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[134] viXra:1812.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 04:29:36

An Application for Medical Decision Making with the Fuzzy Soft Sets

Authors: Murat Kirisci
Comments: 6 Pages.

In the present study, for the medical decision making problem, the proposed technique related to the fuzzy soft set by Celik-Yamak through Sanchez’s method was used. The real dataset which is called Cleveland heart disease dataset applied in this problem.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[133] viXra:1812.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 04:41:31

Pluto Velocity Analysis

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

Earth velocity daily (2.58 mkm) = Pluto velocity daily (0.406 mkm) x 2π The previous relationship is found based on 2 reasons –at least- which are: 1-Earth and Pluto are the 2 ends of the solar group main energy trajectory. 2-Earth and Pluto Relationship is found through the moon orbit (Earth moon orbit) This paper tries to prove these facts.
Category: Astrophysics

[132] viXra:1812.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 04:51:14

Quanta of Decay Momentum

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages, 2 tables

The article discloses a new property of any known forcefield: elementary particles have an equal initial momentum at the distances comparable with the radius of a proton. It is probably the quanta of a decay momentum.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[131] viXra:1812.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 05:50:45

光速极限的秘密

Authors: Liu Ran
Comments: 4 Pages.

光速唯一定理:宇宙空间由离散的普朗克空间组成,粒子只能在一个普朗克时间从一个普朗克空间跳到另一个普朗克空间,速度就是光速。光速是宇宙中唯一的运动速度,其它亚光速是光速和普朗克时间组合而生成的,没有超光速的组合。所有粒子要么以光速运动,要么以零速静止。
Category: Quantum Physics

[130] viXra:1812.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 09:23:12

Deriving Spacetime in Four-Dimensional Euclidean Space Without Time and Dynamics (In English)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 7 Pages.

The model based on subjective idealism, enabling to derive a space-time with a Minkowsky space metrics on Euclidean space with no time and dynamics is suggested. This model also allows deriving the curved space-time with a metrics of the general theory of relativity. It was demonstrated that the principle of causality and the anthropic principle arise from the model. It was demonstrated that the strong principle of equivalence of gravitation and acceleration arises from the model. All principles and postulates on which special and general theories of relativity are based are being derived. Article offers entirely new model for creation of physical theories.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[129] viXra:1812.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 10:20:47

Hypersphere Cosmology 3.

Authors: Peter J Carroll
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract. This paper presents core the equations and physical principles of Hypersphere Cosmology drawn together in summary from a number of the authors previous papers. It presents an alternative interpretation of observed cosmological data to that currently used in the Standard Model.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[128] viXra:1812.0154 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-13 06:58:30

L' Attraction Des Nombres Par la Force Syracusienne

Authors: M. Sghiar
Comments: 7 Pages. Accepted & french version © Copyright 2018 by M. Sghiar. All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: msghiar21@gmail.com

I show here that if $ x \in \mathbb{N}^*$ then $1 \in \mathcal{O}_S (x)= \{ S^n(x), n \in \mathbb{N}^* \} $ where $ \mathcal{O}_S (x)$ is the orbit of the function S defined on $\mathbb{R}^+$ by $S(x)= \frac{x}{2} + (x+\frac{1}{2}) sin^2(x\frac{\pi}{2})$, and I deduce the proof of the Syracuse conjecture.
Category: Number Theory

[127] viXra:1812.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 20:02:54

Refutation of Definable Modal Operators on Stable Set Lattices

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate definable modal operators on stable set lattices. None of the definitions or implementations is tautologous, hence refuting the operators.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[126] viXra:1812.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 20:08:04

Refutation of the Definition of Sacchetti's Modal Logics of Provability

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2016-2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate the definition of Sacchetti's modal logics of provability. It is not tautologous. Therefore it is a mistake to use it as a basis for constructing fixed point procedures.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[125] viXra:1812.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 20:47:32

Relationship of the Resistivity with the Specific Heat.

Authors: Olmos Alfredo, Olmos R. Romyna
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this article, the relationship between resistivity and the specific heat of a conductor is studied. It is known that the resistivity of a conductor increases when the temperature of the conductor increases. And the specific heat of a material is a function of temperature.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[124] viXra:1812.0150 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-11 10:03:58

A Simple, Direct Proof of Fermat's Last Theorem

Authors: Phil Aaron Bloom
Comments: 2 Pages.

An open problem is proving FLT simply for each $n\in\mathbb{N}, n>2$. Our \emph{direct proof} (not by way of contradiction) of FLT is based on our algebraic identity, denoted, {for convenience}, as $(r)^n+(s)^n=(t)^n$ with $r,s,t>0$ as functions of variables. We infer that $\{(r,s,t)|r,s,t\in\mathbb{N},(r)^n+(s)^n+(t)^n\}=\{(x,y,z)|x,y,z\in\mathbb{N},(x)^n+y^n=z^n\}$ for $n\in\mathbb{N}, n>2$. In addition, we show, for integral values of $n>2$, that $\{(r,s,t)|r,s,t\in\mathbb{N},(r)^n+(s)^n=t^n\}=\varnothing$. Hence, for $n\in\mathbb{N},n>2$, it is true that $\{(x,y,z)|x,y,z\in\mathbb{N},x^n+y^n=z^n\}=\varnothing$.
Category: Number Theory

[123] viXra:1812.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 23:57:26

Emotion Isn't First Principle

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 7 Pages.

A winning strategy.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[122] viXra:1812.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 01:43:34

Rotation Operators and Head Piece Fashion

Authors: Armin Zjajo
Comments: 6 Pages.

Ever since caps were worn, fashion deemed it necessary that everyone eventuallymigrate to new styles as the older styles became ”worn” and ”uncool.” Unfor-tunately, as of yet, there have been no mathematical explanations for how thesenew styles have come about. We henceforth set about creating a mathemati-cal foundation for the styles people use for wearing their hats, caps, and otherheadpieces of choice.
Category: Classical Physics

[121] viXra:1812.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 01:46:35

Tunneling Wave Function and the Inreval of Space-Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 5 Pages.

A link is established between tunneling and the nature of space-time.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[120] viXra:1812.0144 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-13 18:40:24

Diffusion Limited Aggregation and the Spiderweb Distribution of Dark Matter on Galactic Scales

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 6 Pages. First draft.

It was recently found that multivariable flows from the ultraviolet (UV) to the infrared (IR) sector of field theory display universal properties. Under the assumption that these flows develop outside equilibrium, they can reproduce the dynamic content of the Standard Model (SM) and shed light on the physics of Dark Matter structures. Here we explore a scenario where the spiderweb patterns of Dark Matter on galactic scales arise from a process resembling three-dimensional Diffusion Limited Aggregation (DLA). Key words: Strange Attractors, Standard Model, Dark Matter, Cantor Dust, Diffusion Limited Aggregation.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[119] viXra:1812.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 05:05:27

Spin on Kagome Lattices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 90 Pages.

Like so many targets of scientific inquiry, the class of material referred to as the kagome magnet has proven to be a source of both frustration and amazement. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44]
Category: Condensed Matter

[118] viXra:1812.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 07:29:14

Atoms Stand for High-Temperature Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38] Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have carried out high-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering and have found that high uniaxial pressure induces a long-range charge order competing with superconductivity. [37] Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors—materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss—have entered a new regime. [36] Now, in independent studies reported in Science and Nature, scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University report two important advances: They measured collective vibrations of electrons for the first time and showed how collective interactions of the electrons with other factors appear to boost superconductivity. [35] At the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a group, led by Jimmy Williams, is working to develop new circuitry that could host such exotic states. [34] The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors.
Category: Quantum Physics

[117] viXra:1812.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 07:58:14

AI Predict Rogue Waves of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

In recent experiments studying analogous extreme waves of light, researchers have used artificial intelligence to study this problem, and have now determined a probability distribution that preferentially identifies the emergence of rogue waves. [26] Artificial intelligence's potential lies not only in its ability to help improve the educational performance of learners, but also in its capacity to foster respect and understanding between all humans. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[116] viXra:1812.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 08:24:17

Spin-Based Memory Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 87 Pages.

A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44] There's little doubt the information technology revolution has improved our lives. But unless we find a new form of electronic technology that uses less energy, computing will become limited by an "energy crunch" within decades. [43]
Category: Quantum Physics

[115] viXra:1812.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 08:51:21

Nonlinearity for Wireless Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 88 Pages.

The nonlinear characteristics of metamaterials have displayed emerging potentials for frequency conversions owing to the induced local fields around the resonators. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[114] viXra:1812.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 09:20:05

Небесная Механика Эфира

Authors: Геннадий Бражник
Comments: 128 Pages.

Современное представление о гравитационном взаимодействии планет Солнечной системы основано на гелиоцентрической системе мира. Вместе с тем теоретическая аналитика показывает, что Солнце в структуре окружающего бытия вращается вокруг Меркурия, а Земля — вокруг Луны… Объяснение этих «парадоксов небесной механики» можно найти в предлагаемой публикации.
Category: Classical Physics

[113] viXra:1812.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 10:21:12

Null-Cone Integral Formulation of QFT

Authors: Julian Brown
Comments: 2 Pages.

In these preliminary notes we show that there exist null cone integral analogues of both the Dirac equation and the U(1) gauge field. We then explore a generalization of this idea through the introduction of a universal scalar, analogous to the lagrangian density of the Standard Model, from which all known particle equations of motion and interactions can be derived in principle, without recourse to either field derivatives or gauge degrees of freedom. The formulation suggests that at least some of the constants appearing in the Standard Model are related to cosmological quantities such as the total number and mass of particles on the past null cone, and that these are the origin of broken gauge symmetry.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[112] viXra:1812.0135 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-08 08:11:00

About Cosmos Evolution

Authors: Timoteo Briet Blanes
Comments: 34 Pages.

Is necessary to detect patterns in numeric models that describe the events, and then, it will be easier to detect patterns between events: I find similarities between phenomenon’s and numeric models. I try to create a theory for explaining the distribution and evolution of matter in the Universe in large scale, galaxies dynamic, Universe expansion, etc (gravity and viscosity: there are more thinks besides the Gravity….). Also is possible to apply this theory, in others fields as economy, human’s relations, people flocks, stock market, etc…. I try to explain a general behavior in future, not a particular. All dynamic event in the cosmos, are a wave…. And as a wave, is necessary to study it.
Category: Astrophysics

[111] viXra:1812.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 13:00:59

Negative Mass as a Driver for Cosmic Inflation and Dark Energy

Authors: Mark Ridler
Comments: 6 Pages.

I have conducted n-body simulations of a model universe. Initial conditions include a uniform mix of 4 types of particle: positive and negative charge and positive and negative mass. A "cold collapse" scenario is used, except that only parts of the model collapse, the rest expands. I contend that this is compatible with the known universe and a viable solution to the Dark Energy puzzle. Also discussed is a possible solution to the Dark Matter puzzle. This relies on the self-attractive effects of negative mass.
Category: Astrophysics

[110] viXra:1812.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 13:32:39

Partitioning the Positive Integers with the Collatz Algorithm

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 5 Pages. Copyright 2018 James Edwin Rock Create Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Collatz sequences are formed by applying the Collatz algorithm to a positive integer. If it is even repeatedly divide by two until it is odd, then multiply by three and add one to get an even number and vice versa. Eventually you get back to one. The Collatz Structure is created, which contains all positive integers exactly once. The terms of the Collatz Structure are joined together via the Collatz algorithm. Thus, every positive integer forms a Collatz sequence with unique terms terminating in the number one.
Category: Number Theory

[109] viXra:1812.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 16:10:26

The Moon Motion is A Relativistic Motion

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

Hypothesis: The Moon is a physical point moves with light velocity (0.3million /sec), for that reason the moon motion causes relativistic effects The Moon Daily Motion -The moon moves 2.58 mkm daily = Earth daily motion (otherwise they will be separated from each other) -If there's no relativistic effect the moon should be seen as a bright stationary point in the sky because Earth and Moon move by the same velocity. But -Because of the relativistic effects this value (2.58mkm) will be contracted with the same rate 1.0725 to produce the value 2.41 mkm (the rate 1.0725 we have discussed before clearly) -So the moon daily motion =2.58 mkm but this value is seen =2.41mkm -The difference between both = 0.17 mkm which causes the moon daily displacement (0.17 mkm = 2 x 88000km) -Why the difference 0.17 mkm = 2 x moon daily displacement 88000km? may that occur because of the motions opposite directions. -So this explanation shows easily how the moon move and proves also that the moon motion causes relativistic effects.
Category: Astrophysics

[108] viXra:1812.0131 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-09 13:58:06

Is This Euler's Mistake? or is it Just a Misprint Circling?

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 7 Pages.

Euler's formula is generally expressed as follows. \zeta(1-s)={\frac{2}{(2*pi)^s}\Gamma(s)\cos(\frac{pi*s}{2})\zeta(s))} However, I substitute (-2,-4,-6) in this and do not become zero. There is not it and approaches only for a zero when I surely substitute Non trivial zero point (0.5+14.1347i, 0.5+21.0220i) for this formula. It is either whether the formula of the Euler is wrong whether a misprint is sold as for this.  I am convinced misprints are circulating. I am convinced that it is sold It is make a mistake with cos, and to have printed sin. Suppose you replace cos with sin. \zeta(1-s)={\frac{2}{(2*pi)^s}\Gamma(s)\sin(\frac{pi*s}{2})\zeta(s))}
Category: General Mathematics

[107] viXra:1812.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 21:04:48

Abc Conjecture is in the Ambiguity in Which Case of ε>0

Authors: Zhang Tianshu
Comments: 12 Pages.

Since there are infinitely many consecutive satisfactory values of ε to enable A+B=C satisfying C>(rad(A, B, C))1+ε, thus the author uses a representative equality, namely 1+2N(2N-2)=(2N-1)2 satisfying (2N-1)2>[rad(1, 2N(2N-2), (2N-1)2)]1+ε, and that first let ε equal a value near the greater end of the infinitely many consecutive satisfactory values to prove the ABC conjecture; again let ε equal a value near the smaller end to negate the ABC conjecture. This shows that the ABC conjecture is in the ambiguity in which case of ε>0.
Category: Number Theory

[106] viXra:1812.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 22:43:34

3 Ways for Him to Swing

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 5 Pages.

the ways antimatter can interact with time are explored and the consequences of the only viable option are enumerated, theory detailed, test proposed, and casual finale
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[105] viXra:1812.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 03:49:03

Molecules with Extreme X-Rays

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality—a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[104] viXra:1812.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 04:11:16

Spin Orbit Coupling in Silicon

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 88 Pages.

Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44] There's little doubt the information technology revolution has improved our lives. But unless we find a new form of electronic technology that uses less energy, computing will become limited by an "energy crunch" within decades. [43]
Category: Quantum Physics

[103] viXra:1812.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 04:29:44

Machine Learning in Biomedical Field

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

A team of researchers led by Sanket Deshmukh, assistant professor of chemical engineering, has developed a method to investigate the structures of polymers that are sensitive to external stimuli. [27] In recent experiments studying analogous extreme waves of light, researchers have used artificial intelligence to study this problem, and have now determined a probability distribution that preferentially identifies the emergence of rogue waves. [26] Artificial intelligence's potential lies not only in its ability to help improve the educational performance of learners, but also in its capacity to foster respect and understanding between all humans. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[102] viXra:1812.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 04:47:46

Blind Spot in Atomic Force

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 90 Pages.

Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy—a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[101] viXra:1812.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 04:56:15

Eld Och Miljön

Authors: Magnus Carlsson
Comments: 2 Pages.

A fire has a certain amount of black carbon as rest product. This carbon remains in the ground and is withdrawn from the atmosphere. Examples are given.
Category: Climate Research

[100] viXra:1812.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 05:12:22

Gravity As A Unified Force

Authors: Mark Ridler
Comments: 15 Pages.

Model A is attractive; standard physics. Model AB is attractive / repulsive; Hermann Bondi. Model ABCD is likes vs opposites; non-standard physics. Also discussed is a is a new way of looking at Electron-Positron annihilation.
Category: Astrophysics

[99] viXra:1812.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 05:15:25

Holographic Display and Encryption

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Holography is a powerful tool that can reconstruct wavefronts of light and combine the fundamental wave properties of amplitude, phase, polarization, wave vector and frequency. [35] Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality—a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[98] viXra:1812.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 07:25:54

Unexplored Territory in Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors—materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss—have entered a new regime. [36] Now, in independent studies reported in Science and Nature, scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University report two important advances: They measured collective vibrations of electrons for the first time and showed how collective interactions of the electrons with other factors appear to boost superconductivity. [35] At the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a group, led by Jimmy Williams, is working to develop new circuitry that could host such exotic states. [34] The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[97] viXra:1812.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 07:47:56

Competing States in High-Temperature Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have carried out high-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering and have found that high uniaxial pressure induces a long-range charge order competing with superconductivity. [37] Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors—materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss—have entered a new regime. [36] Now, in independent studies reported in Science and Nature, scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University report two important advances: They measured collective vibrations of electrons for the first time and showed how collective interactions of the electrons with other factors appear to boost superconductivity. [35] At the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a group, led by Jimmy Williams, is working to develop new circuitry that could host such exotic states. [34] The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[96] viXra:1812.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 07:55:50

Why Energy has Different Forms?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 2 Pages.

Energy different forms are created because of the observer different positions relative to it. Why the observer positions are different relative to the energy? The observer position changes according to the observer knowledge and realization… The universe is reflected from the human knowledge and logic
Category: Astrophysics

[95] viXra:1812.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 08:24:46

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 8

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 20 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Der RS1B2- Wandler wird vorgestellt und hinsichtlich dem Betrag der umzuwandelnden Energie mit einer Photovoltaikanlage durchschnittlicher Leistung verglichen. Es wird zudem aufgezeigt, dass je nach der Anzahl der Freiheitsgrade eines Kreisels zwischen der Winkelgeschwindigkeit und der Umfangsgeschwindigkeit der Präzessionsbewegung unterschieden werden muss.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[94] viXra:1812.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 08:27:36

Interaction Between Two Qubits Using Photons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[93] viXra:1812.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 09:38:05

Two Properties at the Base of the Riemann Hypothesis: an Argument for Its Truth

Authors: Nicolò Rigamonti
Comments: 3 Pages.

This paper shows the importance of two properties, which are at the base of the Riemann hypothesis. The key point of all the reasoning about the validity of the Riemann hypothesis is in the fact that only if the Riemann hypothesis is true, these two properties, which are satisfied by the non-trivial zeros, are both true.
Category: Number Theory

[92] viXra:1812.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 09:59:52

Artificial Photosynthesis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality—a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[91] viXra:1812.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 10:25:29

3-D Imaging of Perovskite Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality—a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[90] viXra:1812.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 10:55:12

Temporal Elasticity Gravitation and Antimatter

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

a concise treatment of gravitation and antimatter using temporal elasticity as mediator
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[89] viXra:1812.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 11:18:58

Accelerated Frames of Reference Without the Clock Hypothesis: Fundamental Disagreements with Rindler

Authors: Francois Ritter
Comments: 21 Pages.

Based on an intuitive generalization of the Lorentz Transformations to non-inertial frames, this study presents new coordinates for a hyperbolically accelerated reference frame. These coordinates are equivalent to the Rindler coordinates exclusively at small times due to the loss of the clock hypothesis. This hypothesis is considered an excellent but fundamentally incorrect approximation for longitudinal motion. The proper acceleration of a hyperbolically accelerated particle is no longer constant and its proper time progressively slows down until becoming constant at the speed of light. This is in agreement with the timeless nature of photons. An event horizon beyond which any information cannot reach the particle is still present and is identical to the Rindler horizon. More importantly, a time dependent factor appears in the metric that could profoundly change our understanding of the space-time dynamic.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[88] viXra:1812.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 14:23:59

A Note About the Determination of The Integer Coordinates of An Elliptic Curve: Part I

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 8 Pages. Comments welcome.

In this paper, we give the elliptic curve (E) given by the equation: y^2=x^3+px+q with $p,q \in Z$ not null simultaneous. We study a part of the conditions verified by $(p,q)$ so that it exists (x,y) \in Z^2 the coordinates of a point of the elliptic curve (E) given by the equation above.
Category: Number Theory

[87] viXra:1812.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 19:14:46

A Hybrid Model of Matter and Antimatter

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

an attempt to reconcile two seemingly incompatible concepts: General Relativity and the Standard Model via temporal elasticity
Category: Quantum Physics

[86] viXra:1812.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-11 09:59:51

Modified General Relativity

Authors: Gary Nash
Comments: 18 Pages.

A modified Einstein equation of general relativity is obtained by using the principle of least action, a decomposition of symmetric tensors on a time oriented Lorentzian manifold, and a fundamental postulate of general relativity. The decomposition introduces a new symmetric tensor $ \varPhi_{\alpha\beta} $ which describes the energy-momentum of the gravitational field itself. It completes Einstein's equation and addresses the energy localization problem. The positive part of $ \Phi $, the trace of the new tensor with respect to the metric, describes dark energy. The cosmological constant must vanish and is dynamically replaced by $ \Phi $. A cyclic universe which developed after the Big Bang is described. The dark energy density provides a natural explanation of why the vacuum energy density is so small, and why it dominates the present epoch of the universe. The negative part of $ \Phi $ describes the attractive self-gravitating energy of the gravitational field. $\varPhi_{\alpha\beta} $ introduces two additional terms into the Newtonian radial force equation: the force due to dark energy and the $\frac{1}{r}$ "dark matter" force. When the dark energy force balances the Newtonian force, the flat rotation curves and the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation are obtained. The Newtonian rotation curves for galaxies with no flat orbital curves, and those with rising rotation curves for large radii are described as examples of the flexibility of the orbital rotation curve equation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[85] viXra:1812.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 04:07:13

Ferent Equation of the Universe

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 263 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Ferent equation of the Universe:” Adrian Ferent Today ordinary Matter, which includes atoms, stars, galaxies… accounts for only 15% of the contents of the Universe and 85% is Dark Matter. This means Dark Matter accounts for most of the matter in the Universe. Dark Matter neither emits nor absorbs electromagnetic radiation. Ordinary Matter is composed of elementary particles. “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for N elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent I consider M, the number of Dark Matter elementary particles, in the Universe. M is the number of Dark Matter elementary particles in Dark Matter and Matter in the Universe. The Universe as a quantum system! The time-dependent Ferent equation of the Universe, which gives a description of the Universe as a quantum system, made of Matter, N elementary particles, and Dark Matter, M elementary particles, evolving in time. 157. I am the first who discovered the Ferent equation of the Universe:
Category: Quantum Physics

[84] viXra:1812.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 05:01:29

Proteins Quantum Entanglement

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

For the first time, a University of Michigan chemist has used quantum entanglement to examine protein structures, a process that requires only a very small number of photons of light. [28] Sunlight is essential for all life, and living organisms have evolved to sense and respond to light. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots.
Category: Physics of Biology

[83] viXra:1812.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 06:13:46

Etymology of words THIN and EXACT

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

It is shown that these two words have an identical origin
Category: Linguistics

[82] viXra:1812.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 08:54:53

Dark Energy Mayall Telescope

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Key components for the sky-mapping Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), weighing about 12 tons, were hoisted atop the Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) near Tucson, Arizona, and bolted into place Wednesday, marking a major project milestone. [31] Scientists at the University of Oxford may have solved one of the biggest questions in modern physics, with a new paper unifying dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid which possesses 'negative mass." [30] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, have proposed a new experiment that makes use of super-dense stars to learn more about the interaction of dark matter with standard matter. [29] CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/matter/" matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[81] viXra:1812.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 09:04:44

Attribute Spaces vs Standard Model

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

a brief depressing comparison of the titled two subjects
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[80] viXra:1812.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 09:22:53

Particles Change Flavor in Flight

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

A recent Ph.D. thesis in University of Jyväskylä, Finland, finds that the properties of the ghost-like particles, the so-called neutrinos, can be studied at a high precision in the next generation of accelerator-based experiments. [18] The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[79] viXra:1812.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 09:44:47

Theoretical Dark Matter Hunt

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Collisions between dark matter and regular matter would be an excellent source of information on the still-unknown 80 % of all matter in our Universe. [32] Key components for the sky-mapping Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), weighing about 12 tons, were hoisted atop the Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) near Tucson, Arizona, and bolted into place Wednesday, marking a major project milestone. [31] Scientists at the University of Oxford may have solved one of the biggest questions in modern physics, with a new paper unifying dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid which possesses 'negative mass." [30] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, have proposed a new experiment that makes use of super-dense stars to learn more about the interaction of dark matter with standard matter. [29] CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/ matter/" matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/detector/" detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[78] viXra:1812.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 09:56:01

E = not Mc2 in Massless Black Holes According to Quantum FFF Theory.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 33 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, stable Black Holes are growing by "eating" the gravitating ( Casimir) pressure vacuum without the standard gravity related inertial effects, the result is that 1: Energy is not the same as Mass x c2 for Black Hole nuclei, in detail: Black Hole nuclei are massless they do not radiate EM or graviton radiation and they have no Inertia, but they gravitate by the absorption of the local oscillating Casimir Axion –Higgs pressure 2: Small BHs seem to concentrate around the central giant Galaxy BH . 3: Galaxy cluster mergers like Abell 520 overshoot and leaving behind their own Dark Matter content. Mass is the potency of rigid strings, to produce and radiate Gravitons as a collision product, between mass less ring shaped oscillating Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons also called Dipole Repeller gravity or dipole Emergent Gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[77] viXra:1812.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 10:06:34

AI Transform Education

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Artificial intelligence's potential lies not only in its ability to help improve the educational performance of learners, but also in its capacity to foster respect and understanding between all humans. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[76] viXra:1812.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 11:09:19

New Creative Approaches in Social Sciences

Authors: D. Vlad, A. Iorgulescu, M. Marcu, A. C. Stoian
Comments: 180 Pages.

[The Proceedings of CIL 2018: Fifth Edition of International Conference of Humanities and Social Sciences - Creativity, Imaginary, Language, Craiova, Romania, 24-25 May 2018 (www.cilconference.ro)]
Category: Social Science

[75] viXra:1812.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 13:22:24

Sharp Estimates for the Unique Solution of the Hadamard-Type Two-Point Fractional Boundary Value Problems

Authors: Zaid Laadjal
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this short note, we present the sharp estimate for the existence of a unique solution for a Hadamard-type fractional differential equations with two-point boundary conditions. The method of analysis is obtained by the Banach contraction principle. An exmple is presented to clarify the principle result.
Category: General Mathematics

[74] viXra:1812.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 19:29:23

Refutation of the Planar Eucleadian R-Geometry of Tarski

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate the axioms of the title. The axiom of identity of betweenness and axiom Euclid are tautologous, but the others are not. The commonplace expression of the axiom of Euclid does not match its other two variations which is troubling. This effectively refutes the planar R-geometry.
Category: Geometry

[73] viXra:1812.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 19:58:59

Nine Original Ideas & Two Accidental Plagiarisms

Authors: John Roach
Comments: 9 Pages.

Dedicated to Medieval Islamic Science, Medieval Indian Mathematics & Astronomy & Medieval Chinese Technology.
Category: Education and Didactics

[72] viXra:1812.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 02:46:35

Proof of Infinite Prime Number

Authors: Tangyin Wu Ye
Comments: 2 Pages.

Abstract, simulates basic arithmetic logic, reasoning judgment and hypothesis contradiction.
Category: General Mathematics

[71] viXra:1812.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 03:00:05

Ferent Equation for N Elementary Particles

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 261 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Ferent equation for N elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent A quantum system involves the wave function. The wave function is the most complete description that can be given of a quantum system. The evolution of N elementary particles quantum system is governed through the Ferent equation for N elementary particles. “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity, Gravitation gives mass to the elementary particles” Adrian Ferent That is why: The Higgs mechanism doesn't explains the source of any masses, the Higgs mechanism is not a mechanism for generating mass. “The Ferent mechanism: the interaction energy of gravitons emitted by Dark Matter gives mass to the elementary particles” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for elementary particle, made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Unification between Matter and Dark Matter!” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for N elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent 156. I am the first who discovered the Ferent equation for N elementary particles
Category: Quantum Physics

[70] viXra:1812.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 03:29:36

Who Needs Wave Equations?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: No. of pages excludes title page and references

This paper further explores a dual interpretation of the Uncertainty Principle as applied to the classical Rutherford-Bohr calculations of the geometry of the hydrogen electron orbitals. It shows the Rutherford-Bohr model has some advantages over the quantum-mechanical model (Schrödinger’s equation for the hydrogen atom). As such, it basically continues a development started in my previous paper (http://vixra.org/abs/1812.0028). What is novel in this paper is the exploration of the mathematical equivalence between both models.
Category: Quantum Physics

[69] viXra:1812.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 07:19:40

Geometries of O

Authors: Hannes Hutzelmeyer
Comments: 93 Pages.

Geometries of O adhere to Ockham's principle of simplest possible ontology: the only individuals are points, there are no straight lines, circles, angles etc. , just as it was was laid down by Tarski in the 1920s, when he put forward a set of axioms that only contain two relations, quaternary congruence and ternary betweenness. However, relations are not as intuitive as functions when constructions are concerned. Therefore the planar geometries of O contain only functions and no relations to start with. Essentially three quaternary functions occur: appension for line-joining of two pairs of points, linisection representing intersection of straight lines and circulation corresponding to intersection of circles. Functions are strictly defined by composition of given ones only. Both, Euclid and Lobachevsky planar geometries are developed using a precise notation for object-language and metalanguage, that allows for a very broad area of mathematical systems up to theory of types. Some astonishing results are obtained, among them: (A) Based on a special triangle construction Euclid planar geometry can start with a less powerful ontological basis than Lobachevsky geometry. (B) Usual Lobachevsky planar geometry is not complete, there are nonstandard planar Lobachevsky geometries. One needs a further axiom, the 'smallest' system is produced by the proto-octomidial-axiom. (C) Real numbers can be abandoned in connection with planar geometry. A very promising conjecture is put forward stating that the Euclidean Klein-model of Lobachevsky planar geometry does not contain all points of the constructive Euclidean unit-circle.
Category: Geometry

[68] viXra:1812.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 07:29:36

Quantum Materials as Computing Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44] There's little doubt the information technology revolution has improved our lives. But unless we find a new form of electronic technology that uses less energy, computing will become limited by an "energy crunch" within decades. [43] Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have recently succeeded in boosting the storage time of quantum information, using a small glass container filled with room temperature atoms, taking an important step towards a secure quantum encoded distribution network. [42] New work by a team at the University of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics has uncovered fundamental limits on the quantum operations which can be carried out with postselection. [41] The experimental investigation of ultracold quantum matter makes it possible to study quantum mechanical phenomena that are otherwise inaccessible. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[67] viXra:1812.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 08:39:14

A New Way To Harness Energy

Authors: Sudarshan Saha
Comments: 3 Pages.

Here we are proposing a method to harness energy in a green way. The method uses the fact, if two molecule with different electron affinity mechanically forced to interact with each other, electrostatic energy can be generated. The method has similarity with Photo-Voltaic Cell and Van de Graaff Generator, but it is more versatile and efficient.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[66] viXra:1812.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 08:44:17

Is Mass Electric Charge? The Photon in the 5th Dimension and Reissner Nordström Solution for Theory of Total Relativity

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra
Comments: 5 Pages.

A particle solution is obtained, interpreted as being the Photon, with mass and electric charge, using the Null Quantum tensor in 5th dimension according to Theory of Total Relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[65] viXra:1812.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 09:41:03

AI Chip Radiation at CERN

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

An ESA-led team subjected Intel's new Myriad 2 artificial intelligence chip to one of the most energetic radiation beams available on Earth. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[64] viXra:1812.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 10:06:16

AI-Motorized Wheelchair

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

A new wheelchair may give people with severe mobility challenges another reason to smile about artificial intelligence—that grin might literally help them control their wheelchair. [22] Now, researchers at Stanford University have devised a new type of artificially intelligent camera system that can classify images faster and more energy efficiently, and that could one day be built small enough to be embedded in the devices themselves, something that is not possible today. [21] Today, deep neural networks with different architectures, such as convolutional, recurrent and autoencoder networks, are becoming an increasingly popular area of research. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[63] viXra:1812.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 10:20:56

On-Demand Video Dispatch Networks: A Scalable End-to-End Learning Approach

Authors: Damao Yang, Sihan Peng, He Huang, Hongliang Xue
Comments: 11 Pages.

We design a dispatch system to improve the peak service quality of video on demand (VOD). Our system predicts the hot videos during the peak hours of the next day based on the historical requests, and dispatches to the content delivery networks (CDNs) at the previous off-peak time. In order to scale to billions of videos, we build the system with two neural networks, one for video clustering and the other for dispatch policy developing. The clustering network employs autoencoder layers and reduces the video number to a fixed value. The policy network employs fully connected layers and ranks the clustered videos with dispatch probabilities. The two networks are coupled with weight-sharing temporal layers, which analyze the video request sequences with convolutional and recurrent modules. Therefore, the clustering and dispatch tasks are trained in an end-to-end mechanism. The real-world results show that our approach achieves an average prediction accuracy of 17%, compared with 3% from the present baseline method, for the same amount of dispatches.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[62] viXra:1812.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 10:43:20

Building Block in Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 83 Pages.

Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[61] viXra:1812.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 11:03:14

Magnetism by Crystal Lattice

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

The pattern of arrangement of atoms in a crystal, called the crystal lattice, can have a huge effect on the properties of solid materials. [45] The first step of this experiment involves placing the super-tiny crystals on the tip of the glass fiber. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42] Electron microscopy has allowed scientists to see individual atoms, but even at that resolution not everything is clear. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35]
Category: Condensed Matter

[60] viXra:1812.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 13:21:29

Euclid Riemann and TET

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 6 Pages.

a humorous discussion of why we need a new branch of mathematics called 'theory of attribute spaces'
Category: Classical Physics

[59] viXra:1812.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 15:44:36

Special Interference

Authors: Emil Gigov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Light also has inertia and variable speed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[58] viXra:1812.0074 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-10 15:13:28

Proof of Lagarias’s Elementary Version of the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Stephen Marshall
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Riemann hypothesis is a conjecture that the Riemann zeta function has its zero’s only at the negative even integers and complex numbers with real part 1/2 The Riemann hypothesis implies results about the distribution of prime numbers. Along with suitable generalizations, some mathematicians consider it the most important unresolved problem in pure mathematics (Bombieri 2000). It was proposed by Bernhard Riemann (1859), after whom it is named. The name is also used for some closely related analogues, such as the Riemann hypothesis for curves over finite fields. The Riemann hypothesis implies significant results about the distribution of prime numbers. Along with suitable generalizations, some mathematicians consider it the most important unresolved problem in pure mathematics (Bombieri 2000). The Riemann zeta function is defined for complex s with real part greater than 1 by the absolutely convergent infinite series: ζ(s) = 1 + 1/2s + 1/3s + 1/4s + ... The Riemann hypothesis asserts that all interesting solutions of the equation: ζ(s) = 0 lie on a certain vertical straight line. In mathematics, the n-th harmonic number is the sum of the reciprocals of the first n natural numbers: Hn = 1 + 1/2+1/3+1/4+⋯+ 1/n = ∑_(n=1)^n▒1/n Harmonic numbers have been studied since early times and are important in various branches of number theory. They are sometimes loosely termed harmonic series, are closely related to the Riemann zeta function. The harmonic numbers roughly approximate the natural logarithm function and thus the associated harmonic series grows without limit, albeit slowly. In 1737, Leonhard Euler used the divergence of the harmonic series to provide a new proof of the infinity of prime numbers. His work was extended into the complex plane by Bernhard Riemann in 1859, leading directly to the celebrated Riemann hypothesis about the distribution of prime numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[57] viXra:1812.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 18:47:19

A Multi-Dimensional Puppet Show

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 14 Pages.

Infinite dimensions, the sub-planck Quantum realm, and the Quantum web of dimensional interactions, and it's implications for our universe, the physical forces, and even consciousness.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[56] viXra:1812.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 20:55:33

The Twin Prime Number is Infinite

Authors: 1
Comments: 23 Pages. Welcome to comment on my article

Reference: proof of the infinite size of Euclidean prime numbers The twin prime number
Category: General Mathematics

[55] viXra:1812.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 22:22:02

Confirmation of the Collatz Conjecture

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

Using the standard wiki definition of the Collatz conjecture, we map a positive number to imply that a divisor of two implies either an even numbered result (unchanged) or an odd numbered result (changed to the number multiplied by three plus one) to imply the final result of one. This is the shortest known confirmation of the conjecture, and in mathematical logic.
Category: Number Theory

[54] viXra:1812.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-13 11:03:30

Recent Advances in Refutation and Confirmation Using Meth8/VŁ4 Modal Logic Model Checker

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 521 Pages.

We evaluated 360 artifacts in 1848 assertions to confirm 378 as tautology and 1470 as not (79.5%). We resuscitated the four-valued logic of Łukasiewicz in Meth8/VŁ4 on the 2-tuple {00, 10, 01, 11} as respectively {False for contradiction; Contingent for falsity; Non contingent for truthity; Tautology for proof}. The designated proof value is T for tautology. Meth8 contains recent advances in parsing technology named sliding window.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[53] viXra:1812.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 00:04:07

Divergence Measure of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets

Authors: Fuyuan Xiao
Comments: 9 Pages.

As a generation of fuzzy sets, the intuitionistic fuzzy sets (IFSs) have more powerful ability to represent and deal with the uncertainty of information. The distance measure between the IFSs is still an open question. In this paper, we propose a new distance measure between the IFSs on the basis of the Jensen{ Shannon divergence. The new distance measure of IFSs not only can satisfy the axiomatic de nition of distance measure, but also can discriminate the diference between the IFSs more better. As a result, the new distance measure can generate more reasonable results.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[52] viXra:1812.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 00:29:38

The Strong Force or Strong Gravitational Force

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

Most everyone is aware off gravity, some are aware of the gravitational constant, less are aware of the strong force, and virtually no one knows about the strong gravitational constant or what it would be. The author proposes that the same format can be used for the strong force that is used for the gravitational constant. The calculations will be shown here. Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is made of spheres that are made of spheres perhaps indefinitely. It is the discontinuities in the spheres that give rise to imperfection and make the universe interesting. The equations, so far have shown the forces from elementary charge, weak charge, and gravity. This paper shows the building of the equation for the unit strong force. The unit strong force is the force of one strong force carrier at its closest interaction. The unit strong force has a very short distance of action as the attraction loops back on itself very quickly due to its extreme strength that basically pulls apart space and makes new quarks. The equation developed herein is only for the force at its closest interaction, which is strong enough to hold the protons and neutrons and other nucleons together within the nucleus of the atom.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[51] viXra:1812.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 04:31:50

Einstein's Field Theory is Wrong and Nordstr\"om's Correct

Authors: Jorma Jormakka
Comments: 33 Pages.

Gunnar Nordstr\"om published his second gravitation theory in 1913. This theory is today considered to be inconsistent with observations. At this time Einstein was working on his field theory, the General Relativity Theory. Einstein's theory has been accepted as the only theory of gravitation consistent with measurements. The article reconsiders Nordstr\"om's theory and proves the following claims. 1) If gravitation is caused by a scalar field, then the theory is Nordstr\"om's second gravitation, which in a vacuum outside a point mass reduces to his first gravitation theory. Nordstr\"om's scalar field theory gives proper time values that fully agree with gravitational redshift in the Pound-Rebka experiment and with the Shapiro time delay in Shapiro's radar bouncing experiment. Gravitation in Schwarzschild's solution is not a field but a deformed geometry. If proper time is calculated via the General Relativity formula, Schwarzschild's solution fails both the Pound-Rebka redshift and Shapiro time delay tests because the ball in Schwarzschild's solution is deformed and light as measured by an external clock can exceed $c$. 2) The third classical tests of Einstein's theory is the movement of the perihelion of Mercury. Calculations from Schwarzschild's exact solution to Einstein's equations gave a correction that very well fitted the unexplained part of Mercury's movement. However, Schwarzschild's solution as a stationary solution it fails to explain why the orbit of Mercury, or any planet, is an ellipse. It is shown that the customary proof of Kepler's law stating that the orbit is an ellipse is incorrect: under a central stationary Newtonian force the orbit of a two mass system can only be a circle or (almost) a hyperbole because of conservation of energy. This observation invalidates the movement of Mercury as a test of General Relativity: Schwarzschild's solution cannot produce an elliptic orbit, therefore it is not the solution and that it gives a correct size modification to the movement of the perihelion is just a coincidence. Nordstr\"om's theory remains inconclusive in the Mercury test because calculating the orbit is difficult and cannot be done in this article. Nordstr\"om's theory, however, offers a possibility for explaining elliptic orbits: some energy is needed for waves in time-dependent solutions to Nordstr\"om's field equation and this loss of potential energy from the radial potential can lead to elliptic orbits. 3) The fourth classical test is the light bending test. Light bends in Nordstr\"om's theory as light behaves as a test mass in a gravitational field. Calculation of the amount of light bending in Norstrs\"om's theory is similar to calculation of the orbit of planets and beyond the scope of this article. Theoretical consideration of bending of light leads to the conclusion that the stress-energy tensor in the General Relativity is incorrect: the diagonal entries should contain the energy of a stationary gravitational field in the vacuum outside a point mass and therefore diagonal Ricci tensor entries cannot be zeroes. Nordstr\"om's theory passes this theoretical consideration while Einstein's theory fails it.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[50] viXra:1812.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 04:46:49

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 7

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 18 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Es wird zudem aufgezeigt, dass aus einer unterschiedlichen Anzahl der Freiheitsgrade eines Kreisels auch unterschiedliche Berechnungsalgorithmen für die Winkelgeschwindigkeit der Präzessionsbewegung resultieren.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[49] viXra:1812.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 05:16:56

Negative Dark Matter Mass

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Oxford may have solved one of the biggest questions in modern physics, with a new paper unifying dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid which possesses 'negative mass." [30] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, have proposed a new experiment that makes use of super-dense stars to learn more about the interaction of dark matter with standard matter. [29] CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark
Category: Astrophysics

[48] viXra:1812.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 06:39:33

Fractal for the Function: F(z)=ln(ln(ln Z)) 1 , Z in (-6-6i,6+6i)

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 33 Pages.

This note presents the newton fractal for the function: f(z)=ln(ln(ln z))-1.
Category: General Mathematics

[47] viXra:1812.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 06:42:06

Elementary Fractals: Part IV

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 119 Pages.

This note presents a collection of elementary Fractals.
Category: Geometry

[46] viXra:1812.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 07:11:29

Macroscopic by Microscopic Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

A research group led by Yasuhiro Kuramitsu at Osaka University has revealed a magnetic reconnection driven by electron dynamics for the first time ever in laser-produced plasmas using the Gekko XII laser facility at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42] Electron microscopy has allowed scientists to see individual atoms, but even at that resolution not everything is clear. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Astrophysics

[45] viXra:1812.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 07:53:03

Dual 8-bit Breakthrough in AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

IBM Research launched the reduced-precision approach to AI model training and inference with a landmark paper describing a novel dataflow approach for conventional CMOS technologies to rev up hardware platforms by dramatically reducing the bit precision of data and computations. [24] Recent successful applications of deep learning include medical image analysis, speech recognition, language translation, image classification, as well as addressing more specific tasks, such as solving inverse imaging problems. [23] Researchers at Caltech have developed an artificial neural network made out of DNA that can solve a classic machine learning problem: correctly identifying handwritten numbers. [22] Researchers have devised a magnetic control system to make tiny DNA-based robots move on demand—and much faster than recently possible. [21] Humans have 46 chromosomes, and each one is capped at either end by repetitive sequences called telomeres. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[44] viXra:1812.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 09:23:09

Force of the Vacuum

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

Scientists from the Theory Department of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL) in Hamburg, Germany have shown through theoretical calculations and computer simulations that the force between electrons and lattice distortions in an atomically thin two-dimensional superconductor can be controlled with virtual photons. [48] A research group led by Yasuhiro Kuramitsu at Osaka University has revealed a magnetic reconnection driven by electron dynamics for the first time ever in laser-produced plasmas using the Gekko XII laser facility at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[43] viXra:1812.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 09:35:01

The Higgs vs TET

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 7 Pages.

the motivations for the Higgs boson are detailed and compared to the reasons why TET is rejected by the physics community
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[42] viXra:1812.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 09:51:40

Atomic-Scale Pictures of Tiny Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

The first step of this experiment involves placing the super-tiny crystals on the tip of the glass fiber. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42] Electron microscopy has allowed scientists to see individual atoms, but even at that resolution not everything is clear. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40]
Category: Condensed Matter

[41] viXra:1812.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 10:26:08

Infrared Image Encoding

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 84 Pages.

Plasmonic materials can uniquely control the electromagnetic spectrum due to nano-scale surface architecture. [48] A research group led by Yasuhiro Kuramitsu at Osaka University has revealed a magnetic reconnection driven by electron dynamics for the first time ever in laser-produced plasmas using the Gekko XII laser facility at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[40] viXra:1812.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 11:32:36

Universal Forecasting Scheme By Professor Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented a Universal Forecasting Scheme.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[39] viXra:1812.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 11:40:35

Theoretical Model For Holistic Non Unique Clustering By Professor Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented the analysis of Theoretical Model For Holistic Non Unique Clustering.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[38] viXra:1812.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 11:55:09

Black Holes

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

A whirlpool on Earth has one jet due to gravity, so if gravity didn't apply to that whirlpool then it would have two jets. So why do we see two jets in a black hole or a galaxy?, because it's a whirlpool as well. And because a whirlpool always requires a medium that is made of loose particles, we can conclude that a black hole or a galaxy is an enormous invisible whirlpool in ether particles.
Category: Astrophysics

[37] viXra:1812.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 14:36:20

Real-Time Scheduling Approach for IoT Based Home Automation System

Authors: Rishab Bhattacharyya, Aditya Das, Atanu Majumdar, Pramit Ghosh
Comments: Pages.

Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the most disruptive technologies now- adays which can efficiently connect, control and manage intelligent objects those are connected to the Internet. IoT based applications like smart education, smart agriculture, smart health-care, smart homes etc which can deliver services with- out manual intervention and in a more effective manner. In this work, we have proposed a IoT based smart home automation system using a micro-controller based Arduino board and mobile based Short Message service (SMS) application working functionality. Wi connectivity has been used to establish the communi- cation between the Arduino module and automated home appliances. We have proposed a real-time scheduling strategy that offers a novel communication pro- tocol to control the home environment with the switching functionality. Our sim- ulation results show that the proposed strategy is quite capable to achieve high performance with different simulation scenarios.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[36] viXra:1812.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 17:00:27

On the Solvability of Real Topoi

Authors: Liad Baruchin, Eva-Maria Mueller
Comments: 7 Pages.

Let X′(O) ∈ √2. In [1], the main result was the extension of matrices. We show that M e,...,O−9 ̸= 0: C5 ∋ <x−1(−i)×Σκ(−|z|,−1)×····Xy′ ∨Ξ ̃. X. Johnson [1] improved upon the results of S. F. Qian by constructing matrices. Recent interest in sub-universal random variables has centered on classifying simply contra-Markov subsets.
Category: Topology

[35] viXra:1812.0047 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-04 11:12:13

Refutation of the Lonely Runner Conjecture with Three Runners

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate the conjecture of the lonely runner with three runners. We do not assume a runner may be stationary as a no-go contestant. The result is that the conjecture diverges from tautology by one logical value and hence is refuted. We then assume a runner can be stationary with result of the same truth table also to refute the conjecture.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[34] viXra:1812.0046 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-10 02:34:57

Complete Science of Faith with Its《The Principle of Natural Law》

Authors: Yansha Yu-Sandstrom
Comments: 73 Pages.

中国“前沿科学”杂志受篇幅限制,于2014年02期发表了本人所著“宇宙生命复合立体同步划分整合相生演进原理”前几部章节;随后,中国线装书局于2015年五月出版了这一原理更为丰富的内容,书名《宇宙学 人类文明智慧交叉整合共通共识理论原理》。美国网络期刊“数学前沿(JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS)”在2015年12月18日发表了该原理的部分简化内容,标题为《The principle of natural law》 build in “Complete Scientific Modeling" with its internet could inclusive of all human faith, knowledge and experience. The world peace come from all the personality together blooming and complement each other。由于本人英文水平非常有限,相信不会有人看懂它。 兹寻求“完满的科学信仰及其《自然规律原理》”不同语言翻译者,以利世界不同文明文化信仰学科通过沟通交流达成人类的和解共识,谨此向翻译者们致以衷心的感谢!! 何谓包容完满的信仰?理性全方位融会贯通也*注1;换言之,从全体“个性规律”中求得它们共同具有的“共性原则”即为包容完满的信仰。何谓《自然规律原理》?即为“共性原则”也为“个性规律”的“共性原则个性规律共通共识”三大相辅相成法则,在不排斥全体人类认知认证基础上,结合数理化,包容全面地阐明万事万物各自自身及其彼此相互的存在方式和存在关系,方式方法异曲同工地翻译、互补和建立人类不同文明文化信仰学科共同具有的存在道理,为科学时代的科学人类,从各自立场属性出发走向和解共识,共建健康安全发展的“科学社会PUZZLE有机互补公共道德秩序制度”,奠定理论沟通基础。 《自然规律原理》也称“三位一体”*注2原理。鉴于科学只有量子学说接触到了“三位一体”一些皮毛,但量子学说尚未归纳总结出“三位一体”的任何概念和法则,科学实验室更未接触到“三位一体”的任何皮毛。因此,本文“引文索引”只能从世界古老文明文化信仰们方式方法异曲同工的“三位一体”法则中取得佐证。竟如,《圣经》和“本体论”的“上帝”及其“三位一体”符号“十字架”的“上帝法则”;《古兰经》“阿拉”及其“阿拉之星月”法则(其中,“星”也由“男性白色传统长袍”代表,“月”也由“女性从头到脚覆盖的黑色传统长袍”代表);《佛经》“佛”及其“三身佛”法;《易经》“大恒”及其“阴阳球”之宇宙法理;《道德经》“道”及其“一阴一阳之谓道”的“三一之道”法自然;……。为有助相应科学期刊的理解、支持和发表,兹将《自然规律原理》解决当下科学理论困局的四篇演绎文章做为本文概要,为即将入住正文追本寻源科学和跨学科真理的仁人志士们,热身。
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[33] viXra:1812.0044 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-08 01:40:57

Non-Parametric Regression or Smoothing on a Two Dimensional Lattice Using the K-Matrix

Authors: Stephen P. Smith
Comments: 16 Pages.

A two-dimensional lattice model is described that is able to treat border effects in a coherent way. The model belongs to a class of non-parametric regression models, coming with three smoothness parameters that are estimated from cross validation. The techniques use the K-matrix, which is a typically large and sparse matrix that is also symmetric and indefinite. The K-matrix is subjected to factorization, and algorithmic differentiation, using optimized software, thereby permitting estimation of the smoothness parameters and estimation of the two-dimensional surface. The techniques are demonstrated on real data.
Category: Statistics

[32] viXra:1812.0043 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-05 02:08:54

ζ(3), ζ(5), ζ(7), ζ(9), ζ(11), ζ(13) Are Irrational Numbers  

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 3 Pages.

Since ζ(3) could be represented by sin, cos and π, we report here. I spelled In wolframAlpha, and, ζ(5), ζ(7), ζ(9), ζ (11), ζ(13) considered. From these equations, it can be said that ζ(3), ζ (5), ζ (7), ζ (9), ζ (11), ζ(13) are irrational numbers. ζ (15), ζ (17) etc. can also be expressed by these equations.
Category: General Mathematics

[31] viXra:1812.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 00:47:46

The Discreteness of Space is the Cause of the Quantization of the Wavelength

Authors: Miheev Sergey Vladimirovich
Comments: 2 Pages.

The requirement of invariance with respect to phase change imposed on free oscillations in discrete space limits the wavelength of free oscillations to discrete values that are multiples of the minimum wavelength. The minimum wavelength is twice the fundamental length — the distance between adjacent lattice points of a discrete space. The old calculations of the cosmological constant do not contain significant errors. The result of the calculations was incorrectly interpreted. Since the energy of standing oscillations related to the size of the discrete space was summed, the energy density of the discrete space was obtained. In fact, the binding energy was obtained, ensuring connectivity and stability of space. Our universe was formed from free oscillations of discrete space, therefore its density is 120 orders of magnitude lower than the density of discrete space in which it exists.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[30] viXra:1812.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 02:42:56

40.5+(n^2+1)/4 Prime Number Production Formula

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 3 Pages.

40.5+(n^2+1)/4 (n is positive integers) This prime number production formula product integers and non-integers alternately, but picking up an integer portion yields a prime number up to the 40th number, and even after an integer that is not a prime number, many are prime numbers. Even in the region where prime numbers are prime, many are made prime.
Category: Number Theory

[29] viXra:1812.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 06:25:19

Refutation of Kent Algebras on Rough Set Concept Analysis

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We use modal logic to evaluate definitions for Kent algebras, as presented for rough set concept analysis. Some definitions are not tautologous, hence refuting Kent algebras on rough sets.
Category: Algebra

[28] viXra:1812.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 08:48:13

Refutation of a Modal Logic for Partial Awareness from Published Example

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate a modal logic for partial awareness from a published example. The definitions and conjectures are not tautologous. We show how to exclude a priori logical clauses to promote a perhaps unintended tautology for the example. However, our evaluation does not rely on modal operators, suggesting that the system as proffered should be renamed to a logic for awareness, without the word modal.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[27] viXra:1812.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 12:02:48

Tet Cont'd

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 6 Pages.

temporal elasticity theory is detailed and established on firm foundation
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26] viXra:1812.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 13:44:40

Pluto Data Shows a Relationship with Earth

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

Earth Pluto Relationship disproves the solar group current theory And proves that the solar group is one geometrical structure
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1812.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 14:40:10

Low Inductive and Resistance Energy Capacitor

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 13 Pages.

The paper considers the design of a powerful electric capacitor with a very small induction and resistance. Such capacitors are necessary in many branches of technology, when all the energy of a capacitor must be given out for millionths (10-6) of a second to an object with low electrical resistance. The proposed capacitor allows you to reduce the installation of energy supply to a nuclear reactor and its cost a thousand times. Key words: Low Inductive Capacitor, Low Resistance Capacitor, Energy Capacitor, Capacitor for Fusion Reactor.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[24] viXra:1812.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 14:47:21

Science Research and Patenting of Innovations

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 11 Pages.

At the present time the USA’s Federal Government spends big tax monies for Scientific Research and Development (R&D). How to best organize this vast governmental activity, how to best estimate its ultimate utility and profitability (real and potential), how to best increase efficiency of innovation and production, how to best estimate the worth of new discoveries and innovations, how to properly fund R&D of new concepts and innovations, and how to correctly estimate their results, how to improve a patenting all these macro-problems are important for successful planning of scientific research, new systems—these are all complex and pressing questions that require answers if further industrial progress and scientific improvements are ever to be! The authors consider these some major-system problems and offer many remarkable innovations in organization, estimation, suggestions for entirely new research efficiency criteria, development, new methods for assessments of new ideas, innovations in science and industry, and new methods in patenting technology. The author A.A. Bolonkin worked for many years within the USA’s Federal Government entities (scientific laboratories of NASA, Air Force), and USSR and USA universities and industry. -------------------------------------------------- Keywords: Organizing scientific research, planning of research, funding research, funding new ideas (concepts), funding inventions and innovations, estimating research cost, assessment of research results, research efficiency criteria, innovation in organizing of scientific R&D, patenting.
Category: Economics and Finance

[23] viXra:1812.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 17:02:04

Experts are Not Always the Prepared Minds

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

A small list outlines what future discoverers will be like. It is suggested to look out for them, as they think differently. This is a small list that is from the author's experience with the sharing of the discovery that planets are simply older, evolving and dead stars.
Category: Education and Didactics

[22] viXra:1812.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 19:34:05

Any Even Number Greater Than 2 Must be the Sum of Two Prime

Authors: Tangyin Wu Ye
Comments: 23 Pages.

Abstract simulation,basiclogicof synchronization algorithm, reasoning judgment and hypothesis contradiction [integer theory]
Category: Mathematical Physics

[21] viXra:1812.0030 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-03 19:09:03

The Unit Strong Force in Sphere Theory Granular Spacetime

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is made of spheres that are made of spheres perhaps indefinitely. It is the discontinuities in the spheres that give rise to imperfection and make the universe interesting. The equations, so far have shown the forces from elementary charge, weak charge, and gravity. This paper shows the building of the equation for the unit strong force. The unit strong force is the force of one strong force carrier at its closest interaction. The unit strong force has a very short distance of action as the attraction loops back on itself very quickly due to its extreme strength that basically pulls apart space and makes new quarks. The equation developed herein is only for the force at its closest interaction, which is strong enough to hold the protons and neutrons and other nucleons together within the nucleus of the atom. An article from Nature “The pressure distribution inside the proton”[1] states the peak pressure is on the order of Pascals. This peak pressure can be converted to a force, which the author proposes is mostly due to the strong force.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[20] viXra:1812.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 03:34:21

Bohr’s Atom, the Photon and the [un]certainty Principle

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: No. of pages include title page and references

This is a didactic exploration of a possible dual interpretation of the Uncertainty Principle as applied to the classical Rutherford-Bohr calculations of the geometry of the hydrogen electron orbitals. It highlights, in particular, a classical mistake in regard to the interpretation of atoms as atomic oscillators – and the calculation of their Q. It also offers a substantial correction to the model of a photon that was presented in a previous paper (The Metaphysics of Physics).
Category: Quantum Physics

[19] viXra:1812.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 03:45:52

Mach's Principle: the Origin of the Inertial Mass (I)

Authors: Wenceslao Segura González
Comments: 9 Pages.

We show that the forces of inertia acting on the accelerated bodies are forces of gravitational induction exerted by the whole of the Universe. Therefore, the phenomenon of inertia and the inertial mass of a body have a cosmic origin, as demanded by the Mach's principle. The calculations will be applied to a vector gravitational field theory. In a second part of this research we will apply these results to the General Theory of Relativity
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[18] viXra:1812.0024 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-02 08:37:38

Stochastic Space-Time and Quantum Theory:part B: Granular Space-Time

Authors: Carlton Frederick
Comments: 8 Pages.

A previous publication in Phys. Rev. D, (Part A of this paper) pointed out that vacuum energy fluctuations implied mass fluctuations which implied curvature fluctuations which then implied fluctuations of the metric tensor. The metric fluctuations were then taken as fundamental and a stochastic space-time was theorized. A number of results from quantum mechanics were derived. This paper (Part B), in addressing some of the difficulties of Part A, required an extension of the model: In so far as the fluctuations are not in space-time but of space-time, a granular model was deemed necessary. For Lorentz invariance, the grains have constant 4-volume. Further, as we wish to treat time and space similarly, we propose fluctuations in time. In order that a particle not appear at different points in space at the same time, we find it necessary to introduce a new model for time where time as we know it is emergent from an analogous coordinate, tau-time, τ, where ' τ -Time Leaves No Tracks' (that is to say, in the sub-quantum domain, there is no 'history'). The model provides a 'meaning' of curvature as well as a (loose) derivation of the Schwartzschild metric without need for the General Relativity field equations. The purpose is to fold the seemingly incomprehensible behaviors of quantum mechanics into the (one hopes) less incomprehensible properties of space-time.
Category: Quantum Physics

[17] viXra:1812.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 13:50:16

The Massive Universe

Authors: Alan T Kelly
Comments: 22 Pages.

Based on a quantitative assessment of the fundamental forces and constants, we demonstrate a solution to the Constant Speed of Light V’s Variable Speed of Light question. The solution provides that all physical constants begin at a point of fundamental perfection, where their values can be described in the absolute simplest terms, requiring only the numbers 1; 2; 3; and 5 to do so. We subsequently demonstrate that by inserting a Mass Variable into the model, to account for the quantity of mass interacting with our locale of space, we can transform these perfect prime based constants, to attain predictive results that are on average 99.94% in agreement with CODATA values. We conclude that the speed of light is indeed variable, as is every other physical constant.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[16] viXra:1812.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-02 07:09:24

Riemann Hypothesis has to be True : Mathematics as the Game :Application Game Theory Nash Equilibrium

Authors: Pankaj Mani, Frm, CQF manipankaj9@gmailcom, @mathstud1
Comments: 12 Pages.

Riemann Hypothesis is TRUE if we look at the Functional Equation satisfied by the Riemann Zeta function upon analytical continuation in Game Perspective way as visualized by David Hilbert. It uses technical game theoretical concepts e.g. Nash Equilibrium to confidently assert that Riemann Hypothesis has to be True. Needs to be looked at the Foundational Principles underlying Mathematics. In other words,it’s the game of arranging Zeros in the complex plane using the functional equation.
Category: Number Theory

[15] viXra:1812.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 15:00:27

Schrodinger's Cat Pseudoscience and Fringe Theories

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 6 Pages.

detailed examination of title topics, examples, and presentation of one viable alternative
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[14] viXra:1812.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 15:11:29

A Complete Proof of the ABC Conjecture

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 6 Pages. Comments welcome.

In this paper, we assume that Beal conjecture is true, we give a complete proof of the ABC conjecture. We consider that Beal conjecture is false $\Longrightarrow$ we arrive that the ABC conjecture is false. Then taking the negation of the last statement, we obtain: ABC conjecture is true $\Longrightarrow$ Beal conjecture is true. But, if the Beal conjecture is true, then we deduce that the ABC conjecture is true
Category: Number Theory

[13] viXra:1812.0019 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-13 09:03:08

A Probabilistic Proof of the Convergence of Collatz Conjecture

Authors: Kamal Barghout
Comments: 16 Pages. The material in this article is copyrighted. Please obtain authorization from the author before the use of any part of the manuscript

A probabilistic proof of the Collatz conjecture is described via identifying a sequential permutation of even natural numbers by divisions by 2 that follows a recurrent pattern of the form x,1,x,1…, where x represents divisions by 2 more than once. The sequence presents a probability of 50:50 of division by 2 more than once as opposed to divisions by 2 once over the even natural numbers. The sequence also gives the same 50:50 probability of consecutive Collatz even elements when counted for division by 2 more than once as opposed to division by 2 once and a ratio of 3:1 of high counts. Considering Collatz function producing random numbers and over sufficient iterations, this probability distribution produces numbers in descending order that lead to the convergence of the Collatz function to 1, assuming the only cycle of the function is 1-4-2-1.
Category: Number Theory

[12] viXra:1812.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 17:00:45

Zeros of the Riemann Zeta Function Can Be Found Arbitrary Close to the Line \Re(s) =1

Authors: Khalid Ibrahim
Comments: 91 Pages.

In this paper, not only did we disprove the Riemann Hypothesis (RH) but also we showed that zeros of the Riemann zeta function $\zeta (s)$ can be found arbitrary close to the line $\Re (s) =1$. Our method to reach this conclusion is based on analyzing the fine behavior of the partial sum of the Dirichlet series with the Mobius function $M (s) = \sum_n \mu (n) /n^s$ defined over $p_r$ rough numbers (i.e. numbers that have only prime factors greater than or equal to $p_r$). Two methods to analyze the partial sum fine behavior are presented and compared. The first one is based on establishing a connection between the Dirichlet series with the Mobius function $M (s) $ and a functional representation of the zeta function $\zeta (s)$ in terms of its partial Euler product. Complex analysis methods (specifically, Fourier and Laplace transforms) were then used to analyze the fine behavior of partial sum of the Dirichlet series. The second method to estimate the fine behavior of partial sum was based on integration methods to add the different co-prime partial sum terms with prime numbers greater than or equal to $p_r$. Comparing the results of these two methods leads to a contradiction when we assume that $\zeta (s)$ has no zeros for $\Re (s) > c$ and $c <1$.
Category: Number Theory

[11] viXra:1812.0017 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-10 13:13:36

Special Relativity Leads to a Trans-Planckian Crisis that is Solved by Haug’s Maximum Velocity for Matter

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 6 Pages.

In gravity theory, there is a well-known trans-Planckian problem, which is that general relativity theory leads to a shorter than Planck length and shorter than Planck time in relation to so-called black holes. However, there has been little focus on the fact that special relativity also leads to a trans-Planckian problem, something we will demonstrate here. According to special relativity, an object with mass must move slower than light, but special relativity has no limits on how close to the speed of light something with mass can move. This leads to a scenario where objects can undergo so much length contraction that they will become shorter than the Planck length as measured from another frame, and we can also have shorter time intervals than the Planck time. The trans-Planckian problem is easily solved by a small modification that assumes Haug’s maximum velocity for matter is the ultimate speed limit for something with mass. This speed limit depends on the Planck length, which can be measured without any knowledge of Newton’s gravitational constant or the Planck constant. After a long period of slow progress in theoretical physics, we are now in a Klondike “gold rush” period where many of the essential pieces are falling in place.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[10] viXra:1812.0016 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-03 12:51:54

Refutation of the Frauchiger-Renner Thought Paradox as a Quantum Model

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 4 Pages.

We use modal logic to evaluate a quantum model of the Frauchiger-Renner thought experiment as not a contradiction (paradox) and not a tautology (theorem). The example misapplies the Born rule which we refute elsewhere.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[9] viXra:1812.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 01:18:44

Projection Holographic Geometry and Holographic Principle

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 2 Pages.

n this paper, we consider the relationship between the wave function and the holographic principle.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[8] viXra:1812.0009 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-02 21:20:28

Review of Steven Pinker’s, The Better Angels of our Nature

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 5 Pages.

Of a distressful nature.
Category: Social Science

[7] viXra:1812.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 03:10:43

Refutation of Modal Forms on Vietoris Space

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We use modal logic to evaluate the defined modal forms on Vietoris space to find them not tautologous.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[6] viXra:1812.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 03:51:42

Faster Computer Memory Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44] There's little doubt the information technology revolution has improved our lives. But unless we find a new form of electronic technology that uses less energy, computing will become limited by an "energy crunch" within decades. [43] Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have recently succeeded in boosting the storage time of quantum information, using a small glass container filled with room temperature atoms, taking an important step towards a secure quantum encoded distribution network. [42] New work by a team at the University of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics has uncovered fundamental limits on the quantum operations which can be carried out with postselection. [41] The experimental investigation of ultracold quantum matter makes it possible to study quantum mechanical phenomena that are otherwise inaccessible. [40] The molecular switch is the fruit of a collaboration of members from the Departments of Experimental and Theoretical Physics at the University of Würzburg: Dr. Jens Kügel, a postdoc at the Department of Experimental Physics II, devised and ran the experiments. [39] A new test to spot where the ability to exploit the power of quantum mechanics has evolved in nature has been developed by physicists at the University of Warwick. [38]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[5] viXra:1812.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 04:26:50

Microscopic Machines can Fail

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[4] viXra:1812.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 04:41:49

Understanding of Solutal Convection

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

The findings revealed that the primary driver of this type of fluid flow—called solutal convection— had been overlooked. What's more, once this driver is accounted for, it completely flips the expected flow outcomes. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42] Electron microscopy has allowed scientists to see individual atoms, but even at that resolution not everything is clear. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Condensed Matter

[3] viXra:1812.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 04:56:58

Extracting Gas from Shale Formations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

Extracting gas from new sources is vital in order to supplement dwindling conventional supplies. [48] The findings revealed that the primary driver of this type of fluid flow—called solutal convection— had been overlooked. What's more, once this driver is accounted for, it completely flips the expected flow outcomes. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44]
Category: Condensed Matter

[2] viXra:1812.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 05:01:55

An Analysis and Proof on Beal’s Conjecture

Authors: Zhang Tianshu
Comments: 21 Pages.

In this article, the author first classify A, B and C according to their respective odevity, and thereby get rid of two kinds which belong not to AX+BY=CZ. Then, affirm the existence of AX+BY=CZ in which case A, B and C have at least a common prime factor by several concrete equalities. After that, prove AX+BY≠CZ in which case A, B and C have not any common prime factor by the mathematical induction with the aid of the distinct odd-even relation on the premise whereby even number 2W-1HZ as symmetric center of positive odd numbers concerned after divide the inequality in four. Finally, reach a conclusion that the Beal’s conjecture holds water via the comparison between AX+BY=CZ and AX+BY≠CZ under the given requirements.
Category: Number Theory

[1] viXra:1812.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 05:32:47

See Stress Using Supercomputers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 84 Pages.

Supercomputer simulations show that at the atomic level, material stress doesn't behave symmetrically. [49] Extracting gas from new sources is vital in order to supplement dwindling conventional supplies. [48] The findings revealed that the primary driver of this type of fluid flow—called solutal convection — had been overlooked. What's more, once this driver is accounted for, it completely flips the expected flow outcomes. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44]
Category: Condensed Matter