[48] **viXra:1108.0051 [pdf]**
*replaced on 13 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Sergey V. Ershkov

**Comments:** 9 pages.

Here is presented a system of equations of 3-bodies problem in well-known
Lagrange’s form (describing a relative motions of 3-bodies). Analyzing of such a system,
we obtain an exact solution in special case of constant ratios of relative distances
between the bodies.
Above simplifying assumption reduces all equations of initial system to a proper
similar form, which leads us to a final solution: initial triangle of bodies
m_{1} , m_{2}, m_{3} is
moving as entire construction, simultaneously rotating over the common center of
masses as well as increasing or decreasing of it’s size proportionally.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[47] **viXra:1108.0050 [pdf]**
*submitted on 30 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Hans-Jörg Hochecker

**Comments:** 3 pages.

This is a simple, short and only theoretical (but non mathematical) consideration. It is regarded that
neutrons and protons contain neutral couples of opposite electrical charges which are able to oscillate. In
result, longitudinal electrical waves (LEW) appear. Under the prerequisite that the LEW are quantized
(analogous to the photons) they can cause a mass attraction similar to the gravitation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[46] **viXra:1108.0049 [pdf]**
*submitted on 29 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Subhajit Ganguly

**Comments:** 5 pages.

This paper deals with fluid flow dynamics which may be Hamiltonian in nature and yet chaotic. Here we
deal with sympletic invariance, canonical transformations and stability of such Hamiltonian flows. As a
collection of points move along, it carries along and distorts its own neighbourhood. This in turn affects
the stability of such flows.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[45] **viXra:1108.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 29 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Dan Visser

**Comments:** 4 pages. Publication is free for any institute or magazine

The Higgs mass is approximately 0.5 TeV/c2 . This is a new predicted value. This
mass value for Higgs is calculated with a new dark energy force formula, which is performing in
the hypothesis of the Double Torus, a new cosmological "model" for the universe. This "model"
embeds the Big Bang framework. The new Higgs mass is theoretically disclosed by implementing the
dimensional features of relativistic spacetime into the dimensions of the dark energy force formula and an
equalization to the lowest limit for acceleration in Newton force, being a transition where Newton breaks down
and the dark energy force takes over. The dark energy force generates gravitational movement and thus mass. This
enables to calculate a Higgs mass differently than in currently used theories.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[44] **viXra:1108.0047 [pdf]**
*submitted on 27 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Giuliano Bettini

**Comments:** 21 pages.

I present examples of applications of 3-dimensional analytic functions to electrostatics and potential
flows, mainly devoted to engineers and physicists.
Of course, the paper only suggests areas of future development, despite that a persistent idea, from
Sommerfeld on, seems to be “The powerful tool of the theory of complex functions cannot be used
in three-dimensional potential theory” (Sommerfeld, “Mechanics of Deformable Bodies”,
Academic Press, 1950)
I summarize here unpublished manuscripts dated 1994.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[43] **viXra:1108.0046 [pdf]**
*submitted on 26 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Yoshiro Nohara

**Comments:** 20 pages.

We propose a theory in electromagnetic dynamics, in which time and space are equivalent with
each other and have totally twelve dimensions. Then, we solve that with realistic assumptions and
find a steady state as a solution. The solution draws a circle in complex space having six dimensions
as a closed string, which is an orbit passed by waves of two scalar fields having electric and magnetic
characters, respectively. We also discuss a possibility of existing solutions of electromagnetic waves.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[42] **viXra:1108.0045 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-03-19 04:07:21*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 30 Pages. Submitted the IJMPA.

The generalized (vacuum) field equations corresponding to gravity on curved $2d$-dimensional tangent bundle/phase spaces and associated to the geometry of the (co)tangent
bundle $ TM_{ d -1, 1} (T^*M_{d-1,1}) $ of a
$d$-dim spacetime $ M_{d - 1, 1}$ are investigated following the strict formalism
of Lagrange-Finsler and Hamilton-Cartan geometry. It is found
that there is $no$ mathematical equivalence with Einstein's vacuum field equations in spacetimes of $2d$-dimensions, with $two$ times, after a $ d + d $ Kaluza-Klein-like decomposition
of the $ 2d$-dim scalar curvature $ {\bf R } $ is performed and involving the introduction of a nonlinear connection $ A_\mu^a ( x^\mu, y^b ) $. The physical applications of the $ 4$-dim phase space metric solutions found in this work, corresponding to the cotangent space of a $ 2$-dim spacetime,
deserve further investigation. The physics of $two$ times may be relevant
in the solution to the problem of time in Quantum Gravity and in the explanation of Dark Matter. Finding nontrivial solutions of the generalized gravitational field equations corresponding to the $ 8$-dim cotangent bundle (phase space) of the $4$-dim spacetime remains a challenging task.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[41] **viXra:1108.0044 [pdf]**
*replaced on 5 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 23 Pages, Published in PSTJ December 2011 | Vol. 2 | Issue 12 | pp. 1917-1932

We develop here a Higgsless model of electroweak symmetry breaking using critical
behavior of infrared Yang-Mills theory. Gauge bosons and fermions acquire mass near
the Wilson-Fisher point of Renormalization Group flow. The entire family structure of
Standard Model is recovered using the technique of “epsilon expansion”. We also find
that dimensional regularization offers a straightforward solution to the cosmological
constant problem. A brief discussion on how our Higgsless model could preserve
unitarity of high-energy di-boson scattering is also included.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[40] **viXra:1108.0043 [pdf]**
*submitted on 26 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** E.R. Prakasan, Sandeep Kadam, K. Bhanumurthy

**Comments:** 10 Pages

Research and Development on thorium utilization for the power production is in its peak for the
last one decade. The established researchers and new researchers are trying to explore the area
of thorium where less work is done. The present paper make an endeavor to show which are the
areas where intensive research on thorium is already and automatically less researched will be
highlighted.

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[39] **viXra:1108.0042 [pdf]**
*submitted on 26 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Valeriy V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 19 Pages

We introduce the Majorana spinors in the momentum representation.
They obey the Dirac-like equation with eight components, which has been
first introduced by Markov. Thus, the Fock space for corresponding quantum
fields is doubled (as shown by Ziino). Particular attention has been
paid to the questions of chirality and helicity (two concepts which frequently
are confused in the literature) for Dirac and Majorana states.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[38] **viXra:1108.0041 [pdf]**
*replaced on 5 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** A.K.Balamuruhan

**Comments:** 8 Pages

I introduce some new concepts on the perception of physical existences,
based on new interpretations of quantum mechanical wave functions. These new
concepts remove the imbalance that we earlier had with regard to the physical
existences. A new understanding about Gravity is presented. This understanding
explains why gravity does not have a force-carrying particle. These concepts also
lead to decipher the cosmological concepts, dark matter and dark energy.
Further, It is found that time can exist even before the big bang.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[37] **viXra:1108.0040 [pdf]**
*submitted on 24 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Glisic Vedran

**Comments:** 2 Pages

Smarandache deconstructive sequence

**Category:** Number Theory

[36] **viXra:1108.0039 [pdf]**
*submitted on 24 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Delfim F.M. Torres

**Comments:** 6 Pages, in Spanish

Dando jus a matematica experimental, mostramos como o Maple pode ser usado na investigacao
matematica de algumas questoes actualmente sem resposta na Teoria dos Numeros. A tese
defendida e que os alunos de um curso de Matemetica podem facilinente usar o computador
como um lunar onde se excites e exercita a imaginacao.

**Category:** Number Theory

[35] **viXra:1108.0038 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-03-22 05:54:56*

**Authors:** Muneer Jebreel Karama

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

I have studied the Smarandache Happy Cube Numbers and I have got some
interesting results and facts. I have discovered some open problems a bout the
Happy Cube and Smarandache Happy Cube Numbers.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[34] **viXra:1108.0037 [pdf]**
*submitted on 23 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Subhajit Ganguly

**Comments:** 5 Pages

In this paper, a few more implications of the laws of physical transactions as per the Theory of
Abstraction are dealt with. Analysis of those implications suggests the existence of ‘hidden’ mass and
‘hidden’ energy in a given physical transaction. Trajectory –examination of such possible transport is
carried out. Relativistic cyclist phenomena are also dealt with in this paper.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[33] **viXra:1108.0036 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-01-23 05:29:00*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 22 Pages. 22

Abstract,
Function Follows Form (FFF) in Quantum FFF THEORY.
The Form and Microstructure of elementary particles, is supposed to be the origin of Functional differences between massless Higgs- Graviton- Photon/Gluon- and spinning propeller shaped Fermion particles with mass.
In Quantum FFF Theory, Ball Lightning is assumed to represent a small scale New Paradigm Black Hole (NPBH), able to produce so called Zero Point Energy. (ZPE)
In this letter we describe a possible design for production and exploitation of such ball lightnings, based on experimental experiences with Silicon-discharge fireball examples and our proposal for a new paradigm Black Hole (or Quantum Knot) based ball lightning plasma, as a part of Quantum FFF theory.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[32] **viXra:1108.0035 [pdf]**
*submitted on 23 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Yongfeng Yang

**Comments:** 9 Pages, 3 figures

Supernovae are generally believed to be triggered either in the core collapse of a
massive star or in the increase of mass that a white dwarf star accumulates from a
stellar companion (through accretion or merger), but a long-standing puzzle
surrounding Type II supernovae is why the compact object remnant after the
explosion gains a large velocity away from the core. Another unresolved problem of
supernova is how to determine high rotating neutron stars that are ascribed to be a
skillful kick from asymmetric collapse of a massive star, but the mechanism of this
asymmetry is still unknown. Here we propose that due to orbital shrinkage the two
stars of a binary star system may finally take place a smashing collision to form a
supernova. The simulation of white dwarfs RX J0806.3+1527 in principle fits to the
observed features of supernova.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[31] **viXra:1108.0032 [pdf]**
*submitted on 22 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** David R.B. Stockwell

**Comments:** 9 pages.

Here we present three key pieces of empirical evidence for a solar origin of recent and paleoclimate global temperature change, caused by amplification of forcings over time by the accumulation of heat in the ocean. Firstly, variations in global temperature at all time scales are more correlated with the accumulated solar anomaly than with
direct solar radiation. Secondly, accumulated solar anomaly and
sunspot count fits the global temperature from 1900, including the rapid increase in temperature since 1950, and the flat temperature
since the turn of the century. The third, crucial piece of evidence
is a 90$^{\circ}$ shift in the phase of the response of temperature to the 11 year solar cycle. These results, together with previous physical justifications, show that the accumulation of solar anomaly is a viable explanation for climate change without recourse to changes in heat-trapping greenhouse gasses.

**Category:** Climate Research

[30] **viXra:1108.0031 [pdf]**
*replaced on 23 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

2/fb of LHC data presented at Lepton-Photon 2011 indicates 3 Higgs state peaks: low mass state (Higgs mass around 145 GeV) middle mass state (Higgs mass around 180 GeV) high mass state (Higgs mass around 240 GeV) so the Higgs is not a simple single particle but is part of a 3-state Higgs-Tquark system based on Higgs as a Tquark condensate similar to descriptions in the works of Yamawaki, Hashimoto, et al in hep-ph/9603293, hep-ph0311165, etc. The 3 Higgs-Tquark state system is not only consistent with my E8 Physics model but also are consistent with Gfitter ElectroWeak plots from Higgs Hunting 2011. Appendix 1 contains some images of candidate Higgs events. Appendix 2 discusses claims of exclusion of Higgs mass ranges. Appendix 3 discusses how the single Standard Model Higgs splits into 3 mass states. (References are included in the body of the paper and in linked material.)

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[29] **viXra:1108.0030 [pdf]**
*submitted on 22 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Michael A. Ivanov

**Comments:** 4 pages.

Deceleration of massive bodies by the isotropic graviton background
is considered here as a possible alternative to dark matter.
This deceleration has the same order of magnitude as a small additional
acceleration of NASA deep-space probes.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28] **viXra:1108.0029 [pdf]**
*submitted on 22 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Karunakar Marasakatla

**Comments:** 4 pages.

In addition to the brightness of a light emitting (active) object and the distance between the active and passive objects; the
amount of light reaches a passive object also depends upon the amount of the surface area of the active object exposed
towards the passive object. Inverse square law of distance for light is not valid in instances where the light emitting objects
are in different shapes such as sphere (star) or cylinder (florescent tube); in which case the surface area of these objects
exposed to an external object varies with the size of the objects.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[27] **viXra:1108.0028 [pdf]**
*submitted on 22 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Sven de Smet

**Comments:** 21 pages. This paper is a slightly modified version of a draft paper that was submitted to ParCo 2011 and is very preliminary. Since I do not have the resources to complete this paper by increasing its clarity, adding examples, adding an experimental evaluation and adding a section on related work,
I'm making it available so that it may be useful to others.

This paper proposes to extend graph-based weakly relational domains
to a generalized relational context. Using a new definition of coherence, we show
that the definition of a normal form for this domain is simplified. A transitive closure
algorithm for combined relations is constructed and a proof of its correctness
is given. Using the observed similarity between transitive closure of a combined
relation and the normal form closure of a graph-based weakly relational domain,
we extract a mathematical property that a relational abstract domain must satisfy in
order to allow us to use an algorithm with the same form as the transitive closure
algorithm to compute the normal form of a graph-based weakly relational domain.

**Category:** Data Structures and Algorithms

[26] **viXra:1108.0027 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-10-17 18:20:42*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 347 Pages.

An E8 Physics model based on Nested Real Clifford Algebras is described. V4 adds material about relationship between Hamiltonian Heisenberg structure and Lagrangian structure within Cl(16). V5 adds material about first, second, and third Grothendieck universes. V6 revises neutrino mixing based on Daya Bay observations of March 2012. V7 adds material about F4 in Cl(8) and E8 in Cl(16) = Cl(8)xCl(8) as well as intermediate Jordan Algebra Structures of E6, E7, and E7.5. V8 adds spinor growth physics of octonionic inflation. V9 adds Kerr-Newman Fermion picture for E8 26D String with Monster Group symmetry. VA adds intoductory outline sketch. VB adds 3 Fermion Generations from Conformal Gravity/Higgs. VC adds Fermi LAT Higgs observations. VD revises introductory overview. VE adds E8 Physics and 3D QuasiCrystals. VF discusses structure of 8 E8 lattices. VG revises and expands E8 lattice material. VH incorporates LHC results of Moriond 2013. VI adds more detailed ATLAS ZZ to 4l histogram from animated gif. VJ discusses physics of Massless Phase. VK adds discussion of Jitterbug transformation for Dark Energy BSCCO JJ experiment. VL discusses Hawking-Pope CP2 spin structure. (References are included in the body of the paper and in linked material.)

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[25] **viXra:1108.0026 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-02-26 10:07:44*

**Authors:** Johan Noldus

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Paper send in for the fqxi contest on the question whether ``space-time is digital or analog ?''.
The intention was to give the most accurate answer possible (within the limitations of the format of the contest
and my insights at that moment), embedded in a historical background and written in my usual witty style with some
extra provocative spice (which I added on purpose). I think it brilliantly succeeded in doing so. Unfortunately,
the competent jury members did not deem my efforts worthy of passing the first round.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[24] **viXra:1108.0025 [pdf]**
*submitted on 19 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Thomas Evans

**Comments:** 11 pages

I present extensions to logic theory whose utilitarian application contains itself
in the form of a developmental, logical framework determinant of all being, and then
derive several applications thereof to areas of general quantum theory and pure
mathematics, providing solutions to 2 longstanding relevant problems: P vs NP and the
Riemann Hypothesis.

**Category:** Set Theory and Logic

[23] **viXra:1108.0024 [pdf]**
*submitted on 18 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Ron Bourgoin

**Comments:** 2 pages

We take a gamma ray photon and bend it round in a circle
so that its front face is connected to its back face. We thus
form an electron with rest mass energy 0.511 MeV.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[22] **viXra:1108.0022 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-01-19 00:15:40*

**Authors:** Nainan K. Varghese

**Comments:** 8 Pages. Published in General Science Journal

Abstract: ‘Flyby anomaly’ is a significant but unaccounted apparent increase or reduction in linear velocity of a spacecraft during Earth-flybys. This phenomenon could not be explained by current physical laws. This article attempts to show that the noticed discrepancies are apparent and they are produced by faulty geometry used in contemporary laws of planetary motion. In reality, spacecraft and external efforts on it behave normally. There are no causes or actions, which vary spacecraft’s linear velocity during Earth-flybys. There is no basis for assumption of strange ‘forces’ or mysterious effects on or about the spacecraft.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[21] **viXra:1108.0021 [pdf]**
*submitted on 10 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Chun-Xuan. Jiang

**Comments:** 9 pages, In Chinese

Using the tachyonic theory we find the new gravitational formula (16) and establish the expansion
theory of the Universe see Fig. 2, (22)-(25). We show that gravitons can be converted into the rest
mass, see Fig. 2, m-bar → m, (24) and (27). We point out that Newtonian gravitational theory is
approximate and the general theory of relativity is wrong.
We suggest a new universe. The universe is infinite,but it has a centre consisting of the
tachyonic matter, which operates motion of the entire universe. Therefore the universe is
stable.In the sun there is a centre consisting of the tachyonic matter, which operates motion of
the sun system.....In atomic nucleus there is a centre consisting of the tachyonic matter,
which operates motion of the nuclaus. Therefore atomic nuclei are stable.The conclusion:an
analogue between the universe and the atomic nucleus. Quantum tachyon
teleportation,quantum tachyon computation and quantum tachyon information do not
exist,because they are action-at-a-distance and unobservable.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[20] **viXra:1108.0020 [pdf]**
*submitted on 9 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** David R.B. Stockwell

**Comments:** 24 pages

Global temperature (GT) changes over the 20th century and
glacial-interglacial periods are commonly thought to be dominated by
feedbacks, with relatively small direct effects from variation of
solar insolation. Here is presented a novel empirical and
physically-based auto-regressive AR(1) model, where temperature
response is the integral of the magnitude of solar forcing over its
duration, and amplification increases with depth in the
atmospheric/ocean system. The model explains 76% of the variation in
GT from the 1950s by solar heating at a rate of $0.06\pm 0.03K
W^{-1}m^{-2}Yr^{-1}$ relative to the solar constant of $1366Wm^{-2}$.
Miss-specification of long-equilibrium dynamics by empirical fitting
methods (as shown by poor performance on simulated time series) and
atmospheric forcing assumptions have likely resulted in
underestimation of solar influence. The solar accumulation model is
proposed as a credible mechanism for explaining both paleoclimatic
temperature variability and present-day warming through high
sensitivity to solar irradiance anomaly.

**Category:** Climate Research

[19] **viXra:1108.0019 [pdf]**
*submitted on 8 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Ron Bourgoin

**Comments:** 1 page

A cursory glance at a popular website consulted by students
and interested readers alike revealed a glaring error that requires
immediate fixing.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[18] **viXra:1108.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 8 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Werner Scheck

**Comments:** 5 pages

The justification of the idea of an emerging gravity by a comparison with conventional
thermodynamics results from a small inaccuracy of the used equations. Two differing
contexts of description coexist unnoticed and lead to a violation of energy conservation.
Independent of the chosen description it is shown that no emerging gravity exists, if energy
conservation is taken into account. This result is confirmed for one of the possible
descriptions by an analytical solution of the problem within General Relativity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[17] **viXra:1108.0017 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-05-22 16:22:54*

**Authors:** Peter Sujak

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

This paper analyzes the quantities of energy and momentum in the definitional rela-tionship of relativistic mechanics, in the de Broglie momentum hypothesis and in the Klein-Gordon, Dirac and Schrodinger equation. The results of analysis shows that Planck constant and relativistic relationships on the length contraction and increase in mass are a reflection of the same physical principles in nature, that λ designated in the de Broglie hypothesis λ =h/mv as the wave of matter with rest state value λ = ∞ must be connected with a real dimension of a particle with rest state value λ = lo = moc and that on this basis we can come to the fundamental equations of quantum mechanics that are the Klein-Gordon, Dirac and Schrodinger equation without the necessity of the wave functions.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[16] **viXra:1108.0016 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-03-28 18:47:49*

**Authors:** E. Koorambas

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

We demonstrate that Wu’s version of the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) predicts mass gap Δ > 0 for the compact simple gauge group SU (3). This provides a solution to the second part of the Yang-Mills problem.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[15] **viXra:1108.0015 [pdf]**
*submitted on 6 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** E. Koorambas

**Comments:** 8 pages with 2 tables,submitted to Physics.Essays,comments
and criticisms are welcome

Taking an orbifold with one compact extra dimension as a starting
point, we show that random numbers are generated by recurrence modulo 2 over
the Galois field of orbifold fixed points. Our suggestion may open a window
for extra dimensions predicted by experiments.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[14] **viXra:1108.0014 [pdf]**
*submitted on 6 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** E. Koorambas

**Comments:** 8 pages with 4 figures,submitted to
Commum.Theor.Phys, comments and criticisms are welcome

We test the N.Wu gauge theory of gravity with massive gravitons
in the perturbing topological field theory framework. We show that the
computation of the correlation function between massive and massless gravitons
is reported up to 4-loop and appears to be unaffected by radiative correction.
This result ensures the stability of the linking number between massive and
massless gravitons with respect to the local perturbation, a result with
potential wider applications in cosmology.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[13] **viXra:1108.0013 [pdf]**
*submitted on 6 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** E. Koorambas

**Comments:** 8 pages,submitted to Cass.Quantum.Grav,comments and
criticisms are welcome

In the framework of Finslerian geometry, we propose a geometric
unification
between traditional gauge treatments of gravity, represented by metric field,
and dark energy, which arises as a corresponding gauge potential from the
single SU (2) group. Furthermore, we study the perturbation of gravity waves
caused by dark energy. This proposition may have far reaching applications in
astrophysics and cosmology.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[12] **viXra:1108.0012 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-01-04 19:05:43*

**Authors:** Chun-Xan Jiang

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

this paper found an equation that changed the universe

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:1108.0011 [pdf]**
*submitted on 4 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Andrew Schumann

**Comments:** 23 pages

We present a general way that allows to construct systematically analytic
calculi for a large family of non-Archimedean many-valued logics:
hyperrational-valued, hyperreal-valued, and p-adic valued logics characterized
by a special format of semantics with an appropriate rejection
of Archimedes' axiom. These logics are built as different extensions of
standard many-valued logics (namely, Lukasiewicz's, Gödel's, Product,
and Post's logics). The informal sense of Archimedes' axiom is that anything
can be measured by a ruler. Also logical multiple-validity without
Archimedes' axiom consists in that the set of truth values is innite and
it is not well-founded and well-ordered. We consider two cases of
non-Archimedean multi-valued logics: the rst with many-validity in the interval
[0; 1] of hypernumbers and the second with many-validity in the
ring Zp of p-adic integers. On the base of non-Archimedean valued logics,
we construct non-Archimedean valued interval neutrosophic logics by
which we can describe neutrality phenomena.

**Category:** Set Theory and Logic

[10] **viXra:1108.0010 [pdf]**
*submitted on 4 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang

**Comments:** 4 pages

In this paper, we studied the effect of retarded phase factor in single wire power
transmission. It is indicated that the effective resistance of load is negative when the
length of wire is one quarter of wavelength. The loading current acts like a driving source
to charge the transmitter so that the oscillating power of transmitter is amplified. It is
anticipated that this technology can be used to generate electric power.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[9] **viXra:1108.0009 [pdf]**
*submitted on 4 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Glenn A. Baxter

**Comments:** 5 pages

WE SHOW THE EFFECT OF NON CONSTANT SPEED OF LIGHT ON 21st CENTURY PHYSICS

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[8] **viXra:1108.0008 [pdf]**
*submitted on 4 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** T Körpinar, E Turhan

**Comments:** 8 pages

In this paper, we study spacelike biharmonic curve with a timelike binormal in the Lorentzian
Heisenberg group Heis. We define a special case of such curves and call it Smarandache tn_{1} curves
in the Lorentzian Heisenberg group Heis. We construct parametric equations of Smarandache tn_{1}
curves in terms of spacelike biharmonic curves with a timelike binormal in the Lorentzian Heisenberg
group Heis

**Category:** Geometry

[7] **viXra:1108.0007 [pdf]**
*submitted on 4 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Barry Wolfson

**Comments:** 2 pages

Of all the mysteries that have confronted physicists in the past century surely
entanglement must rank amongst the most perplexing. Not only does this phenomenon express
itself over apparently arbitrarily large distances and barriers between two particles but it
also expresses itself across time! I propose a model using higher dimensional space which
conceptually can reconcile the apparent problems presented by entanglement - that of
communicating faster than the speed of light and even communicating into the future.

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics

[6] **viXra:1108.0006 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-08-28 12:40:07*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 6 Pages. 6

FUNCTION FOLLOWS FORM (FFF) in Quantum FFF THEORY.
The FORM and MICROSTRUCTURE of elementary particles, is supposed to be the origin of
FUNCTIONAL differences between Higgs- Graviton- Photon/Gluon- and spinning propeller
shaped Fermion particles.
The vacuum is supposed to have resistance for these spinning propeller shaped Fermions so
this should be compensated by the energetic vacuum itself in combination with a Fermionic
Multiverse based entanglement for each Fermion.
Introduction.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[5] **viXra:1108.0005 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-04-20 10:27:21*

**Authors:** DT Froedge

**Comments:** 13 Pages. Clarifying some points of previous version

In a previous paper we have discussed the conjecture of a variable particle rest mass as a function of gravitational potential [1]. This paper discuses the implications, in regard to a large neutron star, and contrast the difference between the predicted phenomena, and Black Hole theory as put fourth by standard GR. As most know, Einstein was not convinced of the existence of Black Holes, but modern solutions of the GR field equations appear to agree with the experimental evidence. There are some problems however, as are well known, the explanations for the diffuse, and the persistent source gamma ray emissions from the galactic center, do not have an adequate explanation, and the energy engines driving Quasars and AGNs are not sufficiently explained. This paper will explore the differences between VRM neutron stars, and Black Holes, for the purpose of identifying detectable, and measurable phenomena. The validity of this theory will be established on the finding of massive neutron stars or massive pulsars. >3 suns.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[4] **viXra:1108.0004 [pdf]**
*submitted on 1 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** David R.B. Stockwell

**Comments:** 55 pages

In this alternative theory of global temperature dynamics over the annual
to the glacial time scales, the accumulation of variations in solar irradiance dominates
the dynamics of global temperature change.
A straightforward recurrence matrix representation of the atmosphere/surface/deep ocean
system, models temperature changes by
(1) the size of a forcing, (2) its duration (due to accumulation of heat), and (3) the
depth of forcing in the atmosphere/surface/deep ocean system (due to increasing mixing
losses and increasing intrinsic gain with depth). The model can explain most of the rise
in temperature since 1950, and more than 70\% of the variance with correct phase shift of
the 11-year solar cycle. Global temperature displays the characteristics of an accumulative
system over 6 temporal orders of magnitude, as shown by a linear $f^{-1}$ log-log relationship
of frequency to the temperature range, and other statistical relationships such as near
random-walk and distribution asymmetry. Over the last century, annual global surface
temperature rises or falls $0.063\pm 0.028C/W/m^2$ per year when solar irradiance is
greater or less than an equilibrium value of $1366W/m^2$ at top-of-atmosphere. Due to an
extremely slow characteristic time scale the notion of 'equilibrium climate sensitivity'
is largely superfluous. The theory does not require a range of distinctive feedback and
lag parameters. Mixing losses attenuate the effectiveness of greenhouse gasses, and the
amplification of solar variations by slow accumulation of heat dominates the dynamics of
global temperature at all time-scales.

**Category:** Climate Research

[3] **viXra:1108.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 1 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Eric J. Korpela

**Comments:** 6 pages, 3 figures.

Recent studies have attempted to extrapolate the abundance of life in the universe
and the properties of such life from the history of life on Earth. A common “reasonable”
assumption in such studies is that the history of life on earth is typical of life
in the universe.(1) In this poster we examine the question of whether life on Earth is
likely to be typical of life in the universe. In determining this we must consider that,
as observers, we are biased by having only one example of life: the example that led
to our evolution on a 4.5 billion year old earth. This “anthropic principle,” is more
accurately described as an anthropic bias, which alters the relationship between measured
quanities such as evolutionary timescales and the distribution of values these
quantities may have in reality. In some instances this bias can be quantified. We apply
a statistical approach to quantifying this bias in the case of the timescales involved in
abiogenesis and evolution of intelligent species.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[2] **viXra:1108.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 1 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Andrew Banks

**Comments:** 8 pages

Under Special Relativity (SR), as a consequence of the light postulate, a spherical light wave
(SLW) propagates away from the light emission point in the frame in all directions at a constant velocity
c . Further, assuming the standard configuration, since the Lorentz transformations (LT) are required to
preserve the truth of all aspects of the SLW, then on any time interval, LT must preserve the propagation
the SLW away from the origin of the primed frame. In short, since there is only one SLW under SR
assuming one light pulse and given some time interval for the unprimed frame, since the set of vectors for
that time interval demonstrates the propagation of the SLW away from the unprimed origin at c , then the
corresponding set of LT mapped vectors must also demonstrate the SLW propagates away from the
primed origin at c . More specifically, SLW expansion in one frame must translate using LT to SLW
expansion for any other frame. However, it will be shown, using some arbitrary ...

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:1108.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 1 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Morishige Yoneda, Masaaki Niwa, Mitsuya Motohashi

**Comments:** 11 pages

In superconducting systems, Josephson junction device known
as a quantum effect devices which operates by using the
quantum flux tunneling. Mesoscopic Josephson junction is a
quantum effect device which operates by using the single
Cooper-pair tunneling created by a Coulomb blockade. The
quantum flux and the Cooper-pair is known that the duality
relation to each other. On the other hand, in ferromagnet
system that competes with superconductivity, spontaneous
magnetization and domain wall are known to have a dual
relationship.

**Category:** Quantum Physics