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1909 Submissions

[609] viXra:1909.0662 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 17:30:34

On the Mind

Authors: Royan Roshce
Comments: 1 Page.

This article explains the Science of the Mind
Category: Mind Science

[608] viXra:1909.0661 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 18:09:54

Research 1st Hypothesis Discussion (Ii) (Revised)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 41 Pages.

Hypothesis No.1 Solar System is One building (or one machine) and each planet is a part of this same building. Paper Main Question Why Does Uranus Orbital Distance = Saturn Orbital Diameter? (Why does Saturn orbital distance = Saturn Uranus distance?) Space Definition and Features -Solar Planets are theater of puppets connecting by one trajectory of energy. -Space is Energy and created as a result of light motion -Uranus Orbital Distance is the solar system first distance created as a result of light motion for 1 second (1 second of light motion is equivalent to 1 solar day of planet motion – 3rd hypothesis) -Saturn Orbital Distance is a defined distance by the solar system motion per a solar day -Uranus and Saturn orbital distances are produced by one motion done in the same period of time by Earth Moon Effect. -Earth Moon has no this great energy to effect on Saturn and Uranus orbital distances, but Earth Moon is the solar system general energy indicator and he defines where the energy will pass –that shows his effect secret.
Category: Astrophysics

[607] viXra:1909.0660 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 20:16:28

Auxiliary Brake System(2)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 8 Pages.

To brake system, we add an auxiliary brake system in which paddle at the front of steering wheel is an input device.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[606] viXra:1909.0659 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 20:21:35

Cellular Automaton Graphics(9)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 176 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[605] viXra:1909.0658 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 21:12:36

On the Value of the Function $\exp {(ax)}/f(a)$ at $a=0$ for $f(a)=0$

Authors: Saburou Saitoh
Comments: 3 Pages. I think many and many mathematicians will be able to enjoy the result, indeed, over mathematicians. It will be a general interest.

In this short note, we will consider the value of the function $\exp {(ax)}/f(a)$ at $a=0$ for $f(a)=0$. This case appears for the construction of the special solution of some differential operator $f(D)$ for the polynomial case of $D$ with constant coefficients. We would like to show the power of the new method of the division by zero calculus, simply and typically.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[604] viXra:1909.0657 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 23:08:20

Mapping the Born Rule to the Fractal Geometry of Quantum Paths

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 4 Pages.

Here we show that there is an approximate mapping between multifractal theory and the Born rule of Quantum Mechanics. The derivation is based on the fractal geometry of quantum mechanical paths, which replicates the geometry of unrestricted random walks in d>2 Euclidean dimensions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[603] viXra:1909.0656 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 16:45:30

Space, and the Nature of Gravity

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 14 Pages.

In taking up from the preliminary papers [1-11], the idea of gravity as a process of the nature of space shall be presented; the idea of space will be defined in a way that is able to support how Newton derived the equation for gravity using astronomical observations consistent with gravity being an “immediate” field force and not one travelling at “c”, while accommodating for Einstein’s “curvature of spacetime” theory for gravity. In using a definition of space that carries the notion of gravity being an immediate field force, a number of key features of quantum mechanics are able to be explained regarding the behaviour of light, this by defining “space” as “nothingness”, and as a type of feature of “uncertainty” that a quantum reference would abide by, as though space has its own “program” as “nothing”, putting everything within it as that which is defined as uncertain, not clearly definable, and thus must exist randomly, like a process of natural uncertainty. It is then highlighted how Einstein’s special and general relativity is incorrect in its application of the idea of measuring inertial frames of reference using the speed of light in his assuming, through such a process, that gravity, and thus inertial frames of reference, operate at light speed, despite relativity theory being accurate with the idea of gravity as a curvature of spacetime. Finally, an update to the method of proof in paper 7 [7], “Golden Ratio Entropic Gravity: Gravitational Singularity Field Testing”, is offered based on this new understanding of space and gravity, with associated confirmatory results posted.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[602] viXra:1909.0655 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-22 16:43:33

Mathematics for Incompletely Predictable Problems: Spin-Offs from Converting Discrete Format Riemann Zeta Function Into Its Continuous Format Version

Authors: John Yuk Ching Ting
Comments: 21 Pages. Proof for Riemann hypothesis and explanations for manifested properties of two types of Gram points.

"Mathematics for Incompletely Predictable Problems" makes all mathematical arguments valid and complete in this current paper (based on first key step of converting Riemann zeta function into its continuous format version) and our next paper (based on second key step of applying Information-Complexity conservation to Sieve of Eratosthenes). Nontrivial zeros and two types of Gram points calculated using this function plus prime and composite numbers computed using this Sieve are defined as Incompletely Predictable entities. Euler product formula alternatively and perfectly represents Riemann zeta function but utilizes product over prime numbers instead of summation over natural numbers. Hence prime numbers are encoded in this function demonstrating deep connection between them. Direct spin-offs from first step consist of proving Riemann hypothesis and explaining manifested properties of both Gram points, and from second step consist of proving Polignac's and Twin prime conjectures. These mentioned open problems are defined as Incompletely Predictable problems.
Category: Number Theory

[601] viXra:1909.0654 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-23 06:25:42

Mathematics for Incompletely Predictable Problems: Spin-Offs from Applying Information-Complexity Conservation to Sieve of Eratostheness

Authors: John Yuk Ching Ting
Comments: 21 Pages. Proofs for Polignac's and Twin prime conjectures.

"Mathematics for Incompletely Predictable Problems" makes all mathematical arguments valid and complete in our previous paper (based on first key step of converting Riemann zeta function into its continuous format version) and this current paper (based on second key step of applying Information-Complexity conservation to Sieve of Eratosthenes). Nontrivial zeros and two types of Gram points calculated using this function plus prime and composite numbers computed using this Sieve are defined as Incompletely Predictable entities. Euler product formula alternatively and perfectly represents Riemann zeta function but utilizes product over prime numbers instead of summation over natural numbers. Hence prime numbers are encoded in this function demonstrating deep connection between them. Direct spin-offs from first step consist of proving Riemann hypothesis and explaining manifested properties of both Gram points, and from second step consist of proving Polignac's and Twin prime conjectures. These mentioned open problems are defined as Incompletely Predictable problems.
Category: Number Theory

[600] viXra:1909.0653 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 18:18:41

ζ(4), ζ(6).......ζ(80), ζ(82) Are Irrational Number

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 22 Pages.

ζ(4), ζ(6).......ζ(80), ζ(82) considered. From these equations, it can be said that ζ(4),ζ(6).......ζ(80),ζ(82) are irrational numbers. ζ(84),ζ(86) etc. can also be expressed by these equations. Because I use π2, these are to be irrational numbers. The fact that the even value of ζ(2n) is irrational can also be explained by the fact that each even value of ζ(2n) is multiplied by π2.
Category: Number Theory

[599] viXra:1909.0651 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 20:49:56

Refutation of Disproof of One of Cantor's Cardinals

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate two integer lists to map real numbers as Cantor’s cardinals. The disproof of the conjecture that integer infinity is equivalent to real number infinity is not tautologous, so the disproof is refuted. However, this refutation does not automatically confirm the conjecture, forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Number Theory

[598] viXra:1909.0650 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 21:04:02

Research 1st Hypothesis Discussion (II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 33 Pages.

Research 1st Hypothesis Discussion (II) Abstract Hypothesis No.1 Solar System is One building (or one machine) and each planet is a part of this same building. Paper Main Question Why Does Uranus Orbital Distance = Saturn Orbital Diameter? Space Definition and Features -Solar Planets is a theater of puppets connecting together by one trajectory of energy through Space -Space Is Energy -Space is a medium can't be independent from the moving physical point in it – that means – Space Nature can be effected by a moving particle through it -Uranus Orbital Distance is created based on light motion for 1 second.
Category: Astrophysics

[597] viXra:1909.0649 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 00:52:33

The Yeet Theorem

Authors: Yellocord soc.
Comments: 2 Pages.

Abstract. We provide a surprisingly elementary proof confirming the Yeet Conjecture [Kim14, Yel18], which states that 5^n = n5 for any positive integer n. Moreover, we resolve the ab-Yeet paradox, namely the observation that the quantum state of 5^ab can collapse to either of the values ab or 1. (It has been observed [Lee18] that 5^ab collapses to 1 with probability greater than e for some e > 0.)
Category: Number Theory

[596] viXra:1909.0648 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 01:20:41

Gravitation With Zero Mass - The Curve Ball

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 3 Pages.

Gravitation without mass? Yes, it is the "curve ball" a new celestial object.

It has all of the same properties as a black hole but it is made from pure spacetime curvature - so it is made from nothing.
That means intense gravity with zero mass.
This is a representation of a star surrounded by curved spacetime...

1 3 5 ● 5 3 1

The amount of curve is represented by numbers.
Closer to the star equals more curve, a higher number, for instance 5.
As you move away from the star the amount of curve will of course diminish: 5, 3, 1, 0

If there are 2 stars in a binary system orbiting each other:

1 3 5 ● 5 3 1 1 3 5 ● 5 3 1

Their curves will overlap - the curve will of course add together: 1 + 1 = 2

1 3 5 ● 5 3 2 3 5 ● 5 3 1

With one billion stars in a galaxy the curve ball number would be one billion.

1 3 5 ● 5 3 (one billion) 3 5 ● 5 3 1

The massive gravity will be misinterpreted as something with mass, but there is nothing there.

That means there can be an enormous amount of gravity with zero mass.
Category: Astrophysics

[595] viXra:1909.0647 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 02:05:34

Stefan-Boltzmann Constant Incorrect by a Factor of 2π

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 3 Pages.

Due to wrong applications of Planck’s radiation law a wrong Stefan-Boltzmann constant has been introduced. This article describes 2 of such applications and proves that the mentioned constant is a factor 2π too high. One of the consequences is that the alleged power density of the sun is also 2π too high. Or its temperature is 1.6 times higher!
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[594] viXra:1909.0646 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-01 03:16:15

Proof of the Inconsistency of the Maxwell Equations to the Measurement Result of the Maxwell-Lodge Experiment

Authors: Steffen Kühn
Comments: 2 Pages. A sign error was corrected.

This short paper proofs mathematically that the Maxwell equations are not able to explain the Maxwell-Lodge experiment. Not even if the vector potential is used instead of the magnetic induction.
Category: Classical Physics

[593] viXra:1909.0645 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 06:56:53

Perihelion Advance Formula Inference from Newton Gravity Law Relative-Velocity Dependence Completed

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 4 Pages.

While the original Newton’s law of gravitation does not lead to the formula in question, the same law relative-velocity dependence completed does, briefly, with no hypothesis. Keywords: perihelion advance; interactions relative-velocity dependence.
Category: Astrophysics

[592] viXra:1909.0644 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 08:07:14

Higgs Troika Disappearance Antimatter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

A team of researchers from Brookhaven National Laboratory and the University of Kansas has developed a theory to explain why there is so much more matter than antimatter in the universe. [11] Critically, the new results examine two of the Higgs boson decays that led to the particle's discovery in 2012: H→ZZ*→4ℓ, where the Higgs boson decays into two Z bosons, in turn decaying into four leptons (electrons or muons); and H→γγ where the Higgs boson decays directly into two photons. [10] Higgs boson decaying into bottom quarks. Now, scientists are tackling its relationship with the top quark. [9] Usha Mallik and her team used a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to help build a sub-detector at the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest and most powerful particle accelerator, located in Switzerland. They're running experiments on the sub-detector to search for a pair of bottom quarks-subatomic yin-and-yang particles that should be produced about 60 percent of the time a Higgs boson decays. [8] A new way of measuring how the Higgs boson couples to other fundamental particles has been proposed by physicists in France, Israel and the US. Their technique would involve comparing the spectra of several different isotopes of the same atom to see how the Higgs force between the atom's electrons and its nucleus affects the atomic energy levels. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[591] viXra:1909.0643 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 08:27:13

The Generalized De Rham Cohomology

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in english

We define a generalization of the De Rham cohomology depending of a smooth function.
Category: Geometry

[590] viXra:1909.0642 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 09:18:41

Remarkable Quantum Memory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Recently, a team of researchers at TU Delft and Element Six has successfully demonstrated a fully controllable ten-qubit spin register with a quantum memory up to one minute. [28] The prototype quantum memory from Faculty of Physics at University of Warsaw now takes two optical tables and functions with the help of nine lasers and three control computers. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[589] viXra:1909.0641 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 09:45:52

Can We Predict?

Authors: L. Jetsu
Comments: 3 Pages. Submitted to MNRAS 28.9.2019 (arXiv moderation: Telegrams, notes, and circulars do not ...)

We simulate artificial data for a sinusoid having a period P=1. Then we show that this period can be detected from a short Delta T = 0.3 slice of data. We proceed to show that the slice length is irrelevant for high quality measurements. The frustrating frequency resolution limit f_0=1/\Delta T of the power spectrum methods is pulverized. It is possible to predict the behaviour of non-linear periodic models.
Category: Astrophysics

[588] viXra:1909.0640 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 09:49:43

Heating Solar Corona

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

The hot outer layer of the sun, the corona, has a temperature of over a million degrees Kelvin, much more than the surface temperature of the Sun which is only about 5500 degrees Kelvin. [44] For 400 years people have tracked sunspots, the dark patches that appear for weeks at a time on the sun's surface. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41]
Category: Astrophysics

[587] viXra:1909.0638 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 11:35:00

Triple Arccosines Theorem

Authors: Yuly Shipilevsky
Comments: 2 Pages.

We give a geometrical proof of the formula: arccos(cosα1cosβ3) + arccos(cosα2cosβ1) + arccos(cosα3cosβ2) = π, α1 + β1 = π/2, α2 + β2 = π/2, α3 + β3 = π/2.
Category: Geometry

[586] viXra:1909.0637 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 12:14:45

The B17 Was the Most Effective Weapon We Had in WW2: 171.7 Gev is the Mass of the Top Quark

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: It is noticed that the mass of the top quark in MHCE8S theory is 171.7 GeV. NATURE Apparently uses the top quark mass to advertise the doubly great contribution of the B17 bomber to the end of WW2
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[585] viXra:1909.0636 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 12:34:33

Giant Magnetic Field Engineering

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Hong Kong and Hunan Normal University showed that, in homobilayer transition metal dichalcogenides, the real-space Berry phase from moiré patterns manifests as a periodic magnetic field. [37] In a paper published today in Nature's NPJ Quantum Information, Omar Magaña-Loaiza, assistant professor in the Louisiana State University (LSU) Department of Physics & Astronomy, and his team of researchers describe a noteworthy step forward in the quantum manipulation and control of light, which has far-reaching quantum technology applications in imaging, simulation, metrology, computation, communication, and cryptography, among other areas. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[584] viXra:1909.0635 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 12:52:53

Nanochannels Charge and Spin Currents

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

To investigate how to connect these to 3-D electronics, University of Groningen physicist Dr. Kumar Sourav Das created curved spin transport channels. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26]
Category: Condensed Matter

[583] viXra:1909.0634 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 13:31:47

Refutation of Possible/certain Functional Dependencies for Incomplete Data

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate three equations from a continuing example. The last equation is supposed to be contradictory which is not tautologous. This refutes the seminal example, disallows the counter example as proffered, and refutes the conjecture of allowing incomplete information for possible/certain functional dependencies. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[582] viXra:1909.0633 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 14:20:00

Multiphoton Quantum Optics and Quantum States of Higher and High Harmonics (HHG) and (Ultra-) Subharmonics ((u)subhg) by Noncentrosymmetric and Centrosymmetric Media

Authors: Peter Krampl
Comments: 9 Pages.

For the exact description of nonlinear quantum optical systems, a nonlinear potential model is proposed and the associated nonlinear analytical expressions are provided. The Liouville equation provides for the matrix elements a system of coupled differential equations for which there is no solution in analytically closed form. Here, a method is proposed and shown how the quantum mechanical Rayleigh-Schrödinger perturbation calculus can be used to arrive at an analytic solution that can be used to accurately describe the nonlinear electron-multiphoton interaction by multiphoton ionization at the molecular level nonlinear system to look. For the nonlinear classical and quantum mechanical hyperpolarizations analytical solutions can be specified. The obtained nonlinear energy equations were modeled by means of singularities and fulfill the singularity equations in an excellent way.
Category: Quantum Physics

[581] viXra:1909.0632 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 14:19:34

Refutation of the Petri Net Definition

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: Pages.

We evaluate the definition of Petri nets from F ⊆ (P × T) ∪ (T × P) as F ⊆ (P → T) ∪ (T → P) where F, P, T stand for flow, places, tokens. It is not tautologous. This further disallows the conjecture of verification of work flows by reachability. These conjectures form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[580] viXra:1909.0631 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 14:55:39

Armenian Theory of Time-Space

Authors: Robert Nazaryan, Hayk Nazaryan
Comments: 144 Pages. In Armenian

(In Armenian) ------------------------------------ "Foundation Armenian Special Theory of Time-Spacein One Physical Dimension by Pictures (Kinematics)" ------------------------------------ Third volume of our research we Dedicated to the 12-th Anniversary of Declaration Armenian Revolution in Science.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[579] viXra:1909.0630 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 06:36:31

Rydberg Exciton Polaritons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

In quantum physics, Rydberg excitons with high principal value can exhibit strong dipole-dipole interactions. [38] Using lasers, U.S. and Austrian physicists have coaxed ultracold strontium atoms into complex structures unlike any previously seen in nature. [37] A team of researchers has now presented this state of matter in the journal Physical Review Letters. The theoretical work was done at TU Wien (Vienna) and Harvard University, the experiment was performed at Rice University in Houston (Texas). [36] The old question, whether quantum systems show recurrences, can finally be answered: Yes, they do-but the concept of recurrence has to be slightly redefined. [35] Researchers at Purdue University have performed the first experimental tests of several fundamental theorems in thermodynamics, verifying the relationship between them and providing a better understanding of how nanoparticles behave under fluctuation. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information-known as qubits-that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[578] viXra:1909.0629 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 07:02:58

Microscope Illuminates Biology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The Columbia team behind the revolutionary 3-D SCAPE microscope announces today a new version of this high-speed imaging technology. [28] The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important HYPERLINK "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0734-6" study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[577] viXra:1909.0628 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 07:54:27

Light with Manipulable Quantum Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

In a paper published today in Nature's NPJ Quantum Information, Omar Magaña-Loaiza, assistant professor in the Louisiana State University (LSU) Department of Physics & Astronomy, and his team of researchers describe a noteworthy step forward in the quantum manipulation and control of light, which has far-reaching quantum technology applications in imaging, simulation, metrology, computation, communication, and cryptography, among other areas. [36] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have fabricated a multiplexer/demultiplexer module based on a property of light that was not being exploited in communications systems: the optical vortex. [35] Optical chips are still some way behind electronic chips, but we're already seeing the results and this research could lead to a complete revolution in computer power. [34] Electronics could work faster if they could read and write data at terahertz frequency, rather than at a few gigahertz. [33] A team of researchers led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated a new method for splitting light beams into their frequency modes. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[576] viXra:1909.0627 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 08:12:58

Light Spectrum Identify Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Researchers have built a new tool to study molecules using a laser, a crystal and light detectors. [19] By hitting electrons with an ultra-intense laser, researchers have revealed dynamics that go beyond 'classical' physics and hint at quantum effects. [18] The phenomenon of ionic wind has been known about for centuries: by applying a voltage to a pair of electrodes, electrons are stripped off nearby air molecules, and the ionized air collides with neutral air molecules as it moves from one electrode to the other. [17] A small group of physicists from the Israel Institute of Technology and the Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics (IMPA) in Brazil have now come up with another method, showing it's theoretically possible to weave waves of light together in such a way that they stop dead in their tracks. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[575] viXra:1909.0625 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 08:28:02

Turbulence Connection for Dialysis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Patients with kidney failure often require arteriovenous grafts to be connected to dialysis machines for their lifesaving treatment. [43] Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses light to destroy tumours by activating a photosensitive drug that creates reactive oxygen species that attack cancer cells. [42] A research team from the UK and Sweden has used dynamic flortaucipir-PET imaging to show that single moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) can trigger signs of accumulation of neurodegenerative tau protein and lead to cognitive decline. [41] The nonviral, bioinspired gene delivery method developed by researchers at RMIT University has proven effective in laboratory tests and is safer than standard viral approaches. [40] Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Nano Letters have engineered genetically encoded protein crystals that can generate magnetic forces many times stronger than those already reported. [39] A unique new flexible and stretchable device, worn against the skin and capable of producing electrical energy by transforming the compounds present in sweat, was recently developed and patented by CNRS researchers from l"Université Grenoble Alpes and the University of San Diego (U.S.). [38] Michigan State University scientists have invented a new way to monitor chemotherapy concentrations, which is more effective in keeping patients' treatments within the crucial therapeutic window. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34]
Category: Physics of Biology

[574] viXra:1909.0623 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 10:31:14

The Existence Framework

Authors: Richard Blum
Comments: 35 Pages. (c) Richard Blum 2019

The Existence Framework offers a new paradigm for constructing a theory of quantum gravity. Its development was based upon an analysis of past major breakthroughs in physics, which revealed that several basic principles were utilized in the formation of each innovated theory. The assumption is that a next major breakthrough will require utilization of these same principles. The principles include: Equivalence, Hierarchical Structure, Quantum Discreteness, and Simple Underlying Dynamics. Utilization of these concepts leads to the proposition that all matter and energy is comprised of time and space, which itself is a discrete substance comprised of a more primary, binary element referred to as existence.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[573] viXra:1909.0622 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 10:44:52

From the Big Split of the Primal Cosmic “Substance” to a Five-Component Vacuum with Positive and Negative Energy Densities

Authors: Bruno R Galeffi
Comments: 11 Pages.

This study considers the asymmetric self-division of a preexisting substance at zero-energy as the seeding and nucleation for the cosmic inflation driven by Friedmann equations. This split creates two unsymmetrical constituents that provide the potential energy required for activating the universe expansion and the emergence of three other vacuum ingredients. This expansion model corresponds to a vacuum containing five components, two with positive and three with negative energy densities, including a negative cosmological variable Λ(t). In this model dark energy and dark matter, as identified by the ΛCDM framework, seem to accurately fit the sum of two components.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[572] viXra:1909.0621 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 11:51:48

Fictitious Forces, Inertial Forces and Mach's Principle (I)

Authors: Wenceslao Segura González
Comments: 19 Pages.

We study the application of the laws of mechanics in inertial and non-inertial reference frames. We verify that in the usual formulation of mechanics, there are no centrifugal forces. We understand the force of inertia as a force that acts on everybody that is accelerated with respect to an inertial reference frame. The so-called fictitious forces are not considered as forces since other bodies do not produce them. We indicate the superiority of the principle of dynamic equilibrium or D’Alembert's law over the usual way of expressing the second law of mechanics. In the second part of this research, Mach's principle develops and it is shown that inertia is produced by the action of the gravitational induction forces of the whole Universe.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[571] viXra:1909.0619 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 15:59:43

Classifying Cardiotocography Data based on Rough Neural Network

Authors: Belal Amin, Mona Gamall, A.A.Salama, I.M.El-Henawy
Comments: 5 Pages.

—Cardiotocography is a medical device that monitors fetal heart rate and the uterine contraction during the period of pregnancy. It is used to diagnose and classify a fetus state by doctors who have challenges of uncertainty in data. The Rough Neural Network is one of the most common data mining techniques to classify medical data, as it is a good solution for the uncertainty challenge. This paper provides a simulation of Rough Neural Network in classifying cardiotocography dataset. The paper measures the accuracy rate and consumed time during the classification process. WEKA tool is used to analyse cardiotocography data with different algorithms (neural network, decision table, bagging, the nearest neighbour, decision stump and least square support vector machine algorithm). The comparison shows that the accuracy rates and time consumption of the proposed model are feasible and efficient.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[570] viXra:1909.0618 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 19:28:27

A Disproof to one of Cantor's Cardinals

Authors: Quoss P Wimblik
Comments: 1 Page.

By representing each Integer with 2 Integers we can account for all Real and transcendental numbers given Infinite Intgers.
Category: Number Theory

[569] viXra:1909.0617 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 00:55:44

Nanogels Drug Delivery to Cancer Patients

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have developed new guidelines for fabricating nanoscale gel materials, or nanogels, that can deliver numerous therapeutic treatments to treat cancer in a precise manner. In addition to enabling the delivery of drugs in response to tumors, their nanogels can target malignant cells (or biomarkers), degrade into nontoxic components and execute multiple clinical functions. [31] A revolutionary, cutting-edge technology, developed by researchers at Bar-Ilan University's Institute of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials (BINA), has the potential to provide a new alternative to eyeglasses, contact lenses, and laser correction for refractive errors. [30] Electrons in graphene-an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike-move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[568] viXra:1909.0616 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 03:24:24

LED Research Double Hit

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

In two breakthroughs in the realm of photonics, City College of New York graduate researchers are reporting the successful demonstration of an LED (light-emitting diode) based on half-light half-matter quasiparticles in atomically thin materials. [43] In a finding that runs counter to a common assumption in physics, researchers at the University of Michigan ran a light emitting diode (LED) with electrodes reversed in order to cool another device mere nanometers away. [42] With enhanced understanding of this system, the Quantum Dynamics Unit aims to improve upon the industry standard for qubits – bits of quantum information. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[567] viXra:1909.0615 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 03:48:05

Graphene Similarities to Graphite

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

A team of researchers from the U.K., China and Spain has found that graphene exhibits mechanical properties that are similar to those of graphite. [47] The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45]
Category: Condensed Matter

[566] viXra:1909.0614 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 04:00:18

Revision and Supplement of the Theory of Dove-like Particles

Authors: Sun Zuodong
Comments: 4 Pages.

The theory of dove-like particles is a discussion on the reasons and mechanism of sporadic Alzheimer's disease, which was officially published on March 15, 2019. In this paper, the "basic content" of the theory of dove-like particles and the mechanism of action potential generation of Alan Hodgkin and Andrew Huxley are revised, the related contents of ion pump and sodium-potassium pump are deleted, and the discussion of " organic ions and acidity-alkalinity " is added, and at the end of the conclusion, the following contents are added: The Aβ hypothesis misleads the research direction of the world's mainstream brain scientists. All the work based on the beta hypothesis has been unsuccessful. It may even become the confirmed habits are hard to get rid of "soft underbelly" of some scientists and "stumbling block" to conquered Alzheimer's disease. Its little results which seeming to be right but not so in fact is completely negligible compared with the enormous cost of human beings. Therefore, we must completely deny and abandon the Aβ hypothesis from the strategic height and academic level. Trying to revision and supplement it to keep it reluctantly, it is not scientific and has no practical significance, it confuses the gap between theory and practice.
Category: Physics of Biology

[565] viXra:1909.0613 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 04:04:00

Ceramic Graphene Composites

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

Graphene plates in the composites can be located both at the boundaries of ceramic grains and inside grains. [48] A team of researchers from the U.K., China and Spain has found that graphene exhibits mechanical properties that are similar to those of graphite. [47] The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45]
Category: Condensed Matter

[564] viXra:1909.0612 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 04:18:45

Converting Carbon Dioxide

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

An international research team has used nanoparticles to convert carbon dioxide into valuable raw materials. Scientists at Ruhr-Universität Bochum in Germany and the University of New South Wales in Australia have adopted the principle from enzymes that produce complex molecules in multi-step reactions. [49] Graphene plates in the composites can be located both at the boundaries of ceramic grains and inside grains. [48] A team of researchers from the U.K., China and Spain has found that graphene exhibits mechanical properties that are similar to those of graphite. [47]
Category: Condensed Matter

[563] viXra:1909.0611 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 04:27:38

Representatividad y Gobernabilidad: Dos Dimensiones Para Evaluar la Optimalidad de Sistemas Electorales

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 401 Pages. Text in Spanish

Encontramos en la actualidad un amplio acuerdo entre expertos acerca de la importancia de dos dimensiones para evaluar la optimalidad de los sistemas electorales: Representatividad y Gobernabilidad. Sin embargo, este consenso desaparece al revisar la conceptualización y operacionalización de estas dimensiones: - Diferentes autores proponen diferentes conceptualizaciones y operacionalizaciones de cada una de las dimensiones, llegando así a evaluaciones que pueden ser radicalmente diferentes para un mismo sistema electoral. - La conceptualización más habitual de ambas dimensiones es en parte contradictoria, imposibilitando su optimización conjunta y no existiendo consenso acerca de cuál sería un punto intermedio de equilibrio. Esta falta de acuerdo y contradicción entre operacionalizaciones constituye un obstáculo importante a la hora de optimizar nuestros sistemas electorales, lo que choca con la necesidad de dicha mejora. El creciente descontento ciudadano con el funcionamiento del sistema político, pero también la creciente inestabilidad y polarización política en nuestras sociedades, no dejan lugar a dudas acerca de la urgencia de rediseñar [adaptar] nuestros sistemas de gobierno representativo. Los datos apoyan que parte de esa necesaria evolución de nuestros sistemas políticos debe lograrse desde el propio rediseño de los sistemas electorales. Pero… ¿Cuáles son las modificaciones que sería conveniente realizar? Ayudar a contestar esa pregunta es el objetivo principal de esta Tesis Doctoral: proveer criterios objetivos que permitan evaluar nuestros sistemas electorales, y diseñar las mejoras que los acerquen a su diseño óptimo. Para ello se realiza una revisión de estas dos dimensiones, y se propone su conceptualización y operacionalización de manera diferente a la habitual. La validez de las propuestas que se plantean se sustenta en su consistencia con un marco teórico extenso, así como en el propio diseño de los indicadores relacionado con algunas situaciones reales que permiten muestran la consistencia de las operacionalizaciones. Así mismo, se revisa la aplicabilidad y utilidad de las propuestas mediante su utilización para evaluar la optimalidad de las asignaciones de asientos que hubieran producido diferentes reformas posibles del sistema electoral en las elecciones generales de junio de 2016. Esta evaluación permite: - Confirmar la aplicabilidad de los operacionalizaciones propuestas. - Comparar numerosas reformas posibles del sistema electoral español. - Contrastar la optimalidad de dos modelos conceptuales de sistema electoral: Proporcional (Congreso Diputados) y Mayoritario (Senado) La revisión de los resultados muestra que las conceptualizaciones y operacionalizaciones propuestas permiten detectar diferencias notables entre las reglas, que no son detectadas ni evaluadas correctamente desde las conceptualizaciones/ operacionalizaciones actuales de dichas dimensiones. Así mismo, la revisión y evaluación de numerosas reformas posibles del sistema electoral español muestra que la reforma que sería óptima es sensiblemente diferente a las propuestas que se están valorando en la actualidad.
Category: Social Science

[562] viXra:1909.0610 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 05:17:52

Метафизика природоподобных технологий

Authors: Попов Борис Михайлович
Comments: 60 Pages. Книга о природоподобных технологиях

Исследования по созданию природоподобных технологий набирают обороты. По заверениям адептов и апологетов движения, развитие природоподобных технологий нацелено на перевод техносферы на органичные природе принципы действия, на симметричный симбиоз техносферы с природой, при котором существующая ресурсная база не будет истощаться, а, наоборот, станет качественно развиваться и наращиваться. В результате человечество, преодолев ограничения прежней ресурсной базы, окажется в комфортной для продолжительной жизни среде обитания, получит доступ к немыслимым ныне дарам и благам. Однако среди многочисленных публикаций, направленных на разрешение поднятой проблемы, отсутствуют работы по ее философскому обоснованию и анализу.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[561] viXra:1909.0609 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 09:45:02

Radar Guns vs Wave Theory

Authors: Edward G. Lake
Comments: 8 Pages.

Radar guns seem to be a simple way to illustrate some of the biggest misunderstandings in science. Radar guns clearly demonstrate that light (and all electromagnetic energy) travels in the form of photons, not as waves. Radar guns also show that Wave Theory is both misleading and totally wrong.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[560] viXra:1909.0608 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 11:53:19

Space Launch Vehicle

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this series of papers on Energy Fields, AI has been used to analyze the nature of potential, orbital and rotational energy fields, and to develop advanced proposals for interactions between these energy fields. The proposals are astonishing. Here the team have used the fundamental principles for the interaction of energy fields to devise a novel propulsion system for a SPACE LAUNCH VEHICLE. The Patent Application for the Space Launch Vehicle was accepted by WIPO on 13th June 2019.
Category: Classical Physics

[559] viXra:1909.0607 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 12:24:58

Focus: “Quantum Foam” Scrubs Away Gigantic Cosmic Energy (in Russian)

Authors: David Lindley
Comments: 2 Pages. in Russia

Theory suggests that empty space is filled with enormous energy, but according to a new proposal this energy may be hidden because its effects cancel at the tiniest scales.
Category: Astrophysics

[558] viXra:1909.0606 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 14:31:10

Fcnhsmra_hrs: Improve the Performance of the Movie Hybrid Recommender System Using Resource Allocation Approach

Authors: Mostafa Khalaji, Nilufar Mohammadnejad
Comments: 8 Pages. Conference: 4th International Conference on Researchers in Science & Engineering & International Congress on Civil, Architecture and Urbanism in Asia, Kasem Bundit University, Bangkok, Thailand, At: Kasem Bundit University, Bangkok- Thailand, March 2019.

Recommender systems are systems that are capable of offering the most suitable services and products to users. Through specific methods and techniques, the recommender systems try to identify the most appropriate items, such as types of information and goods and propose the closest to the user’s tastes. Collaborative filtering offering active user suggestions based on the rating of a set of users is one of the simplest and most comprehensible and successful models for finding people in the same tastes in the recommender systems. In this model, with increasing number of users and movie, the system is subject to scalability. On the other hand, it is important to improve the performance of the system when there is little information available on the ratings. In this paper, a movie hybrid recommender system based on FNHSM_HRS structure using resource allocation approach called FCNHSMRA_HRS is presented. The FNHSM_HRS structure was based on the heuristic similarity measure (NHSM), along with fuzzy clustering. Using the fuzzy clustering method in the proposed system improves the scalability problem and increases the accuracy of system suggestions. The proposed systems is based on collaborative filtering and, by using the heuristic similarity measure and applying the resource allocation approach, improves the performance, accuracy and precision of the system. The experimental results using MAE, Accuracy, Precision and Recall metrics based on MovieLens dataset show that the performance of the system is improved and the accuracy of recommendations in comparison of FNHSM_HRS and collaborative filtering methods that use other similarity measures for finding similarity, is increased.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[557] viXra:1909.0605 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 14:36:17

FNHSM_HRS: Hybrid Recommender System Using Fuzzy Clustering and Heuristic Similarity Measure

Authors: Mostafa Khalaji, Chitra Dadkhah
Comments: 6 Pages. Conference: 7th Iranian Joint Congress on Fuzzy and Intelligent Systems, 18th Conference on Fuzzy Systems and 17th Conference on Intelligent Systems, Bojnord, Iran, University of Bojnord, p.p. 562-568, January 2019. Persian formatted

Nowadays, Recommender Systems have become a comprehensive system for helping and guiding users in a huge amount of data on the Internet. Collaborative Filtering offers to active users based on the rating of a set of users. One of the simplest and most comprehensible and successful models is to find users with a taste in recommender systems. In this model, with increasing number of users and items, the system is faced to scalability problem. On the other hand, improving system performance when there is little information available from ratings, that is important. In this paper, a hybrid recommender system called FNHSM_HRS which is based on the new heuristic similarity measure (NHSM) along with a fuzzy clustering is presented. Using the fuzzy clustering method in the proposed system improves the scalability problem and increases the accuracy of system recommendations. The proposed system is based on the collaborative filtering model and is partnered with the heuristic similarity measure to improve the system's performance and accuracy. The evaluation of the proposed system based results on the MovieLens dataset carried out the results using MAE, Recall, Precision and Accuracy measures Indicating improvement in system performance and increasing the accuracy of recommendation to collaborative filtering methods which use other measures to find similarities.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[556] viXra:1909.0604 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 14:41:06

CUPCF: Combining Users Preferences in Collaborative Filtering for Better Recommendation

Authors: Mostafa Khalaji, Nilufar Mohammadnejad
Comments: 12 Pages. Accepted in SN applied sciences journal, August 2019, DOI: 10.1007/s42452-019-1071-6.

How to make the best decision between the opinions and tastes of your friends and acquaintances? Therefore, recommender systems are used to solve such issues. The common algorithms use a similarity measure to predict active users’ tastes over a particular item. According to the cold start and data sparsity problems, these systems cannot predict and suggest particular items to users. In this paper, we introduce a new recommender system is able to find user preferences and based on it, provides the recommendations. Our proposed system called CUPCF is a combination of two similarity measures in collaborative filtering to solve the data sparsity problem and poor prediction (high prediction error rate) problems for better recommendation. The experimental results based on MovieLens dataset show that, combined with the preferences of the user’s nearest neighbor, the proposed system error rate compared to a number of state-of-the-art recommendation methods improved. Furthermore, the results indicate the efficiency of CUPCF. The maximum improved error rate of the system is 15.5% and the maximum values of Accuracy, Precision and Recall of CUPCF are 0.91402, 0.91436 and 0.9974 respectively.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[555] viXra:1909.0603 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-29 14:48:48

MMM Imfinities Version 1.0 6 a4 Pages 29.09.2019) on Two Proposed Distinct Types of Imaginary (Im) Infinities ("imfinities") in Mathematics and Meta-Mathematics (Including Meta-Geometry), Emphasizing the Unlimited "Diversity" of Zero and Infinity

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper proposes two distinct types of imaginary (im) infinities ("imfinities") in mathematics and meta-mathematics (including meta-geometry), emphasizing the unlimited "diversity" of zero and infinity, with far-reaching implications in all these domains, but also in math-related domains like modern physics, including the help in redefining the basics of Einstein's General relativity theory (GRT), quantum field theory (QFT), superstring theories (SSTs) and M-theory (MT). Keywords (including a list of main abbreviations): imaginary (im) infinities (“imfinities”), mathematics, metamathematics, metageometry, zero, infinity; Einstein’s General relativity theory (GRT); quantum field theory (QFT); superstring theories (SSTs); M-theory (MT);
Category: General Mathematics

[554] viXra:1909.0602 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 07:12:59

Microchip Nd:YVO4 Lasers Pumped by Wavelength-Stabilized Single-Mode Laser Diode

Authors: Taku Saiki
Comments: 7 Pages.

Laser diode (LD) with stabilized frequency of output light has been developed until now. In this time, we adopted a single-mode, single-wavelength LD with a stabilized frequency for a pumping LD to end-pump microchip Nd:YVO4 lasers. In these experiment, we succeeded in obtaining higher optical-optical conversion efficiency and slope efficiency than when using conventional LD. Output laser power is insensitive to temperature of LD, and output could be kept stable and almost constant until temperature of LD was as high as 35 ℃. In the future, a low-cost end-pump microchip laser that does not require a temperature control mechanism should be developed.
Category: Classical Physics

[553] viXra:1909.0601 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 07:58:36

AI for Data Analysis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Applying AI know-how to the giant pool of data gathered from the world’s leading and most powerful scientific instruments could accelerate the process of scientific discovery. [28] Scientists from the University of Oxford, in collaboration with University of Basel and Lancaster University, have developed an algorithm that can be used to measure quantum dots automatically. [27] A research team from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) has successfully developed a new method for machine learning that allows an AI to make classifications without what is known as "negative data," a finding which could lead to wider application to a variety of classification tasks. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[552] viXra:1909.0600 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 08:20:23

Computational Pathology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Researchers in the US and UK have uncovered a "pathology" affecting floating-point arithmetic that introduces significant errors when describing systems that are extremely sensitive to their initial conditions. [29] Applying AI know-how to the giant pool of data gathered from the world's leading and most powerful scientific instruments could accelerate the process of scientific discovery. [28] Scientists from the University of Oxford, in collaboration with University of Basel and Lancaster University, have developed an algorithm that can be used to measure quantum dots automatically. [27]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[551] viXra:1909.0599 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 08:34:15

Iridium Destroys Cancer Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses light to destroy tumours by activating a photosensitive drug that creates reactive oxygen species that attack cancer cells. [42] A research team from the UK and Sweden has used dynamic flortaucipir-PET imaging to show that single moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) can trigger signs of accumulation of neurodegenerative tau protein and lead to cognitive decline. [41] The nonviral, bioinspired gene delivery method developed by researchers at RMIT University has proven effective in laboratory tests and is safer than standard viral approaches. [40] Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Nano Letters have engineered genetically encoded protein crystals that can generate magnetic forces many times stronger than those already reported. [39] A unique new flexible and stretchable device, worn against the skin and capable of producing electrical energy by transforming the compounds present in sweat, was recently developed and patented by CNRS researchers from l"Université Grenoble Alpes and the University of San Diego (U.S.). [38] Michigan State University scientists have invented a new way to monitor chemotherapy concentrations, which is more effective in keeping patients' treatments within the crucial therapeutic window. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34] Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[550] viXra:1909.0598 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 09:41:43

Energy Efficient Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Gallium nitride, a semiconductor that revolutionized energy-efficient LED lighting, could also transform electronics and wireless communication, thanks to a discovery made by Cornell researchers. [41] The signals from a lighthouse to ships at sea is an early example of optical communication, the use of light to transmit information. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[549] viXra:1909.0597 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 09:56:01

Make Electronics Faster

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A quasi-particle that travels along the interface of a metal and dielectric material may be the solution to problems caused by shrinking electronic components, according to an international team of engineers. [42] Gallium nitride, a semiconductor that revolutionized energy-efficient LED lighting, could also transform electronics and wireless communication, thanks to a discovery made by Cornell researchers. [41] The signals from a lighthouse to ships at sea is an early example of optical communication, the use of light to transmit information. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Condensed Matter

[548] viXra:1909.0596 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 11:14:50

Capacity Building of Client-Server Disruption Network Over Cloud Server Using Network Forensics

Authors: Rohit Sansiya, V. Jackins
Comments: 9 Pages.

Cloud computing is growing now-a-days in the interest of technical approach can be improved much instead of using traditional ICT. A significant number of secure systems are concerned with monitoring the environment. There are some equipment to measuring consumption of utilities but data loss can be a common experience of computer users, that lots of respondents had lost files on their home PC. The features included in Backup and Restore may differ depending on the edition of Windows. It is challenging for cloud providers to quickly interpret which events to act upon and the priority of events [8]. Unlimited host systems though realistically, you probably only need enough to host the number of VMs your license provides. Unlimited Virtual systems under management, So if you have a dozen real systems and they have Virtualization on them, you can manage all of them, without it effecting your Cloud hosted licensed virtual machine count. The server must also be granted permissions to make kerberos login just as they would if services creation was going to be done from client systems over disruption network and then administrator could be fetch the particular network using wireshark.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[547] viXra:1909.0595 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 11:17:41

Refutation of the Unified Language for Linear and Relational Algebra (Lara)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. .© Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate two proofs of Th. 3 of the Lara language as not tautologous. By extension the Lara language as a unification of linear and relational algebra is also refuted. The conjectures form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[546] viXra:1909.0594 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-01 04:56:14

A D.M. Formula for Milky Way and M31 Halo Got by Buckingham Theorem –V5

Authors: Manuel Abarca Hernandez
Comments: 31 Pages. There is anew expression for DM density and Mass called Reduced formulas.

In this work has been calculated two new DM density profiles inside halo region of M31 galaxy and it has been demonstrated that both ones are mathematically equivalents. Its radius dominion is only the halo region because it is needed that baryonic matter density has to be negligible. The first profile is called direct DM density because it is got directly from rotation curve and represents DM density depending on radius The second one, called Bernoulli because it is got from a Bernoulli differential equation, represents DM density depending on local gravitational field according a power law. The power of E is called B. Hypothesis which is the basis to get Bernoulli profile stated that DM is generated locally by the own gravitational field according this formula. DM density = A• E^B where A& B are coefficients and E is gravitational intensity of field. Briefly will be explained method followed to develop this paper. Rotation curve data come from [5] Sofue,Y.2015. Thanks this remarkable rotation curve, the regression curve of velocity depending on radius has a correlation coefficient bigger than 0.96 and data range from 40 kpc up to 300 kpc. In fourth chapter it is got the function of DM density depending on radius, called direct DM density. In fifth chapter it is demonstrated that function direct DM density is mathematically equivalent to the function DM density depending on E. Namely a power of E whose exponent is B= 1.6682 In sixth chapter it is got that for radius bigger than 40 kpc the ratio baryonic density versus DM density is under 1% so it is reasonable to consider negligible baryonic matter density in order to simplify calculus. In seventh chapter it is got a Bernoulli differential equation for field and is solved. In eighth chapter it is made dimensional analysis for magnitudes Density, field E and universal constants G, h and c. It is demonstrated that it is needed a formula with two Pi monomials. It is found that B = 5/3 is the value coherent with Buckingham theorem and differs only two thousandth regarding B=1.6682 which was got by regression analysis. In ninth chapter are recalculated parameters a,b and A as a consequence of being B=5/3 instead B=1.6682. Thanks this change the formulas are now dimensionally right. Also it has been introduced a new expression for DM density and mass called reduced formulas because the previous formulas has been rewritten by a dimensionless variable similarly to NFW or Burkert formulas. Furthermore thanks these new expression is more easy to calculate the exact values of density and masses. In tenth chapter are calculated some different type of DM masses in M31 to be compared with DM calculated by Sofue. There is a good agreement between both results. In the eleventh chapter through the Hubble law it is demonstrated that galaxies in the ancient universe were smaller than at present and as a consequence it is got that proportion of DM versus baryonic matter was lower in the ancient universe. Results got are in agreement with current observational evidences. In the twelfth chapter, it is introduced Sofue data for Milky Way and it is applied DM theory by gravitational field to calculate the DM contained inside the halo at different radius. Results match perfectly with Sofue results. The importance of this chapter is based on the fact that the parameters of M31 has been used to do the calculus in Milky Way. These results back strongly the fact that DM generated by field theory is a general theory to explain DM nature. In the thirteenth chapter it has been introduced the concept of extended halo and thanks to this concept the total mass calculated of Milky Way and M31 is equal to 4*10 ^12 Msun , which is 10 ^12 Msun heavier than total mass with standard halos, so there is only a lack of 10 ^12 Msun to get the dynamical mass of Local Group instead of 2*10 ^12 Msun.
Category: Astrophysics

[545] viXra:1909.0593 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 13:25:52

Transmission of Gravity by Cable and the Use of This Phenomena in Space.

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 7 Pages.

Everyone knows that electrical voltage and energy can be transmitted through a conductive cable and widely use this phenomenon in engineering. But few people know that gravitational voltage (force and energy) can also be transmitted via a conventional (non-conductive) cable. Apparently, for the first time in 2002 A. Bolonkin drew attention to this possibility and developed a theory of such a transfer in space to change the trajectory of spacecraft. This paper popularly presents some of the ideas of [1]. For full familiarization with theory and calculations cosmic transfer of recommend turn to sources [1] - [3].
Category: Classical Physics

[544] viXra:1909.0592 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 19:31:49

Sancho's Livery Stable

Authors: John Roach
Comments: 40 Pages.

Sancho's Livery Stable "Which ass do you want?" 14 Essays
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[543] viXra:1909.0591 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 23:31:25

Towards Performing Customized Cryo-Em/sem/tem Image Processing Applications by Combining [ Qupath + Imagej/ Fiji+jikesrvm/rvm-Research Virtual Machine ] Via Groovy a JVM Language in the Context of [ Iot/hpc High Performance Computing/ji Prolog/linux os

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Towards Performing Customized cryo-EM/SEM/TEM Image Processing Applications by Combining [ QuPath + ImageJ/ Fiji+JikesRVM/RVM-Research Virtual Machine ] via Groovy- a JVM Language in the Context of [ IoT/HPC- High Performance Computing/ JI Prolog/Linux OS ] Heterogeneous Environments. [ Exploring Novel Algorithms Using Java/Groovy/RVM – for Advanced Electron Microscopy Image Processing Frameworks ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[542] viXra:1909.0590 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 03:04:21

Quantum Computing Milestone

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

Quantum computation represents a fundamental shift that is now under way. What is most exciting is not what we can do with with a quantum computer today, but the undiscovered truths it will reveal tomorrow. [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[541] viXra:1909.0589 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 03:26:09

Machine Learning Energy Harvesting

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Electrical engineers at Duke University have harnessed the power of machine learning to design dielectric (non-metal) metamaterials that absorb and emit specific frequencies of terahertz radiation. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm-called MPLasso-that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses-so-called retrosyntheses-with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[540] viXra:1909.0588 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 03:46:07

Homochirality of Life

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Like the imbalance of matter and antimatter, the emergence of life based on molecules with a like chirality as opposed to their mirror opposites has long puzzled scientists. [37] David Armstrong studies a phenomenon that is ubiquitous in nature, yet only a few non-scientists know what it is. [36] Physicists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have recently succeeded in observing parity violation in ytterbium atoms with different numbers of neutrons. [35] Exploring the mystery of molecular handedness in nature, scientists have proposed a new experimental scheme to create custom-made mirror molecules for analysis. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information-known as qubits-that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from HYPERLINK "https://www.rigetti.com/" Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[539] viXra:1909.0587 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 04:08:29

Microwave Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new microwave imager chip that could one day enable low-cost handheld microwave imagers, or cameras. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[538] viXra:1909.0586 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 04:23:28

Exotic Radioactive Decay Process

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Researchers from the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) at Michigan State University (MSU) and TRIUMF (Canada's national particle accelerator) have observed a rare nuclear decay. [22] A hypothetical nuclear process known as neutrinoless double beta decay ought to be among the least likely events in the universe. [21] Studying this really interesting particle that's all around us, and yet is so hard to measure, that could hold the key to understanding why we're here at all, is exciting—and I get to do this for a living," says Mauger. [20]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[537] viXra:1909.0585 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 06:41:54

Between Noether and Planck, the Math-Physics Mirror

Authors: Francis Maleval
Comments: 1 Page. Thanks

A mirror built here, by virtue of an iterative process, a geometry from a conceptual object. This dynamic, served by the Noether’s theorem, generates the universal constants.
Category: Quantum Physics

[536] viXra:1909.0584 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 07:22:37

Nanotechnology Improves Chemotherapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Michigan State University scientists have invented a new way to monitor chemotherapy concentrations, which is more effective in keeping patients' treatments within the crucial therapeutic window. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[535] viXra:1909.0583 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 07:30:48

The Phenomenological Study on the Health and Life of Low-income Seniors who live in Poverty Area in Metropolitan City

Authors: Dongyeop Jang, Heontae Shin
Comments: 16 Pages.

Objectives : The elderly in South Korea are the poorest among OECD countries in 2015. The aim of this study was to explore the health and life of the low-income elderly living in vulnerable areas in a metropolitancity. Methods : Data were collected through in-depth individual interviews with 7 participants from October to November 2015 and analyzed through Colaizzi’s phenomenological methodology. The participants were interviewed for over 60 minutes in each person. Results : 7 categories were identified from 17 subcategories: “My life history: sick body,” “Living with a sick body,” “My poor but precious life,” “A sense of distance from the hospital,” “Narrowed area of my life,” “Thankful for help,” and “The village where I have lived my destiny.” There is a lack of medical accessibility, mobility, and economic independence for low-income seniors. In addition, full-fledged redevelopment comes to them as violence. Conclusions : The health and life of the low-income elderly in vulnerable areas are products of many social factors, reaffirming the importance of social health.
Category: Social Science

[534] viXra:1909.0582 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 07:49:32

Biofuel Cell Runs on Sweat

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

A unique new flexible and stretchable device, worn against the skin and capable of producing electrical energy by transforming the compounds present in sweat, was recently developed and patented by CNRS researchers from l"Université Grenoble Alpes and the University of San Diego (U.S.). [38] Michigan State University scientists have invented a new way to monitor chemotherapy concentrations, which is more effective in keeping patients' treatments within the crucial therapeutic window. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34] Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology-OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32] Washington State University researchers for the first time have shown that they can use electrical fields to gain valuable information about the tiny, floating vesicles that move around in animals and plants and are critically important to many biological functions. [31] Finding a fast and inexpensive way to detect specific strains of bacteria and viruses is critical to food safety, water quality, environmental protection and human health. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[533] viXra:1909.0581 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 08:08:14

Electromagnetic Force and Special Relativity

Authors: Z. Shafiei
Comments: 13 presentation pages

Einstein claimed that “If a unit electric point charge is in motion in an electromagnetic field, the force acting upon it is equal to the electric force which is present at the locality of the charge, and which we ascertain by transformation of the field to a system of co-ordinates at rest relatively to the electrical charge.”1 A few thought experiments have been suggested to corroborate this claim.One of these thought experiments is produced by Feynman.Feynman’s case and analysis is also adopted by Purcell and Morin. The example is generally being reproduced and taught in various universities. However, the results do not agree with Einstein’s claim that the two methods produce the same answer for electromagnetic force acting on the charge. This article presents and reviews Feynman’s analysis and calculation of electromagnetic forces in the two inertial reference frames as described by Einstein. It shows that Feynman’s analysis is just a deliberate attempt to produce similar, though eventually not equal, results. Correct analysis also does not support Einstein’s claim.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[532] viXra:1909.0580 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 08:13:00

Protein Crystals make Cells Magnetic

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Nano Letters have engineered genetically encoded protein crystals that can generate magnetic forces many times stronger than those already reported. [39] A unique new flexible and stretchable device, worn against the skin and capable of producing electrical energy by transforming the compounds present in sweat, was recently developed and patented by CNRS researchers from l"Université Grenoble Alpes and the University of San Diego (U.S.). [38] Michigan State University scientists have invented a new way to monitor chemotherapy concentrations, which is more effective in keeping patients' treatments within the crucial therapeutic window. [37]
Category: Physics of Biology

[531] viXra:1909.0579 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 08:47:09

Nonviral Gene Therapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

The nonviral, bioinspired gene delivery method developed by researchers at RMIT University has proven effective in laboratory tests and is safer than standard viral approaches. [40] Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Nano Letters have engineered genetically encoded protein crystals that can generate magnetic forces many times stronger than those already reported. [39] A unique new flexible and stretchable device, worn against the skin and capable of producing electrical energy by transforming the compounds present in sweat, was recently developed and patented by CNRS researchers from l"Université Grenoble Alpes and the University of San Diego (U.S.). [38] Michigan State University scientists have invented a new way to monitor chemotherapy concentrations, which is more effective in keeping patients' treatments within the crucial therapeutic window. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34] Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology-OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[530] viXra:1909.0578 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 09:07:02

Quantum Destabilization

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

From raindrops rolling off the waxy surface of a waterlily leaf to the efficiency of desalination membranes, interactions between water molecules and water-repellent "hydrophobic" surfaces are all around us. [45] The ever-more-humble carbon nanotube may be just the device to make solar panels—and anything else that loses energy through heat—far more efficient. [44] When traversing a solid material such as glass, a light wave can deposit part of its energy in a mechanical wave, leading to a color change of the light. [43] Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42]
Category: Quantum Physics

[529] viXra:1909.0576 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 11:44:08

Predictions About Interstellar Comet 2i/borisov (C/2019 Q4) Appearance from 1i/`oumuamua Features

Authors: José J. Astorkia
Comments: 2 Pages.

The first unduobtable interstellar minor body observed in inner Solar System showed several unexpected features can be explained by a long journey along Solar System immersed in an abrasive medium. The recently observed second unduobjetable interstellar origin comet 2I Borisov is travelling similar journey. Thus we can predict changes in comet appearance.
Category: Astrophysics

[528] viXra:1909.0575 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 13:00:57

Machine Learning Quantum Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Scientists from the University of Oxford, in collaboration with University of Basel and Lancaster University, have developed an algorithm that can be used to measure quantum dots automatically. [27] A research team from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) has successfully developed a new method for machine learning that allows an AI to make classifications without what is known as "negative data," a finding which could lead to wider application to a variety of classification tasks. [26] Artificial intelligence is helping improve safety along a stretch of Las Vegas' busiest highway. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[527] viXra:1909.0574 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 14:05:37

New Possible Mathematical Developments Concerning ζ(2), ϕ, the Rogers-Ramanujan Identity: Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Particles Physics and the Black Hole Physical Parameters.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 197 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various and interesting new possible mathematical results concerning ζ(2), ϕ and the Rogers-Ramanujan identity. We obtain various mathematical connections with some sectors of Particles Physics and the Black Hole physical parameters.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[526] viXra:1909.0573 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 15:39:53

Physical Definition of Time

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The physical meaning of time is revealed
Category: Classical Physics

[525] viXra:1909.0572 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 16:06:21

Modeling Turbulence with the Navier-Stokes Equations

Authors: Bertrand Wong
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Navier-Stokes differential equations describe the motion of fluids which are incompressible. The three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations misbehave very badly although they are relatively simple-looking. The solutions could wind up being extremely unstable even with nice, smooth, reasonably harmless initial conditions. A mathematical understanding of the outrageous behaviour of these equations would dramatically alter the field of fluid mechanics. This paper describes why the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations are not solvable, i.e., the equations cannot be used to model turbulence, which is a three-dimensional phenomenon. [The paper is published in an international journal.]
Category: Functions and Analysis

[524] viXra:1909.0571 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 18:21:03

Magnetic Field Evolves to Gravity Field\\ Part: 3 Electromagnets

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 7 Pages.

The STOE suggests gravity emerges from magnetic effects of hods in matter structures. The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) proposes gravity is an asymmetry (only attraction) in the magnetic field of particles. Differences between the poles of permanent magnets are absent in electromagnets. Therefore, the magnetic field of particles is similar to the magnetic field of permanent magnets. Models suggesting revolving charges causes particle magnetic fields are rejected because of increased complexity and reduced inclusion.
Category: Classical Physics

[523] viXra:1909.0570 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 18:58:38

Cubic Power Algorithm, Using Polynomials

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 29 Pages.

This document develops and demonstrates the discovery of a new cube potentiation algorithm that works absolutely with all the numbers using the formula of the square of a binomial, trinomial, tetranomial and pentanomial. This presents the expansion of terms to the cube, the ideal order of the coefficients to obtain a sum that generates the results of the power.
Category: Algebra

[522] viXra:1909.0569 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 21:59:53

Refutation of Graph Neural Reasoning

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Definitions of three embedded rules are not tautologous. This refutes the conjecture of proving unsatisfiability by applying neural reasoning to graphs, and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[521] viXra:1909.0568 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 23:36:34

Refutation of the Weisfeiler-Lehman Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. .© Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the join equation of Weisfeiler-Lehman method as not tautologous, refuting the conjectured theorem and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[520] viXra:1909.0567 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 02:19:16

Plasmonic Silver Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Plasmonic metal nanoparticles, especially those made of gold and silver, offer significant promise to detect substances rapidly and down to the single-molecule level. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43] Bioengineers and biophysicists from the have discovered that the toxicity of nanoparticles depends more on their size and the extent to which their surface area is charged than on their chemical composition. [42] That's now possible thanks to research by Rice University scientists who used the light-emitting properties of particular molecules to create a fluorescent nano-thermometer. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[519] viXra:1909.0566 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 02:40:11

Integrated Photonics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

The signals from a lighthouse to ships at sea is an early example of optical communication, the use of light to transmit information. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[518] viXra:1909.0565 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 02:55:18

Superconducting Gap on Thin Film

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

Ding's group from the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science reported the superconducting gap of topological surface state is larger than that of bulk states in β-Bi2Pd thin films using in-situ angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and molecular beam epitaxy. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[517] viXra:1909.0564 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 03:37:49

Protein Tangles after Brain Injury

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A research team from the UK and Sweden has used dynamic flortaucipir-PET imaging to show that single moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) can trigger signs of accumulation of neurodegenerative tau protein and lead to cognitive decline. [41] The nonviral, bioinspired gene delivery method developed by researchers at RMIT University has proven effective in laboratory tests and is safer than standard viral approaches. [40] Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Nano Letters have engineered genetically encoded protein crystals that can generate magnetic forces many times stronger than those already reported. [39] A unique new flexible and stretchable device, worn against the skin and capable of producing electrical energy by transforming the compounds present in sweat, was recently developed and patented by CNRS researchers from l"Université Grenoble Alpes and the University of San Diego (U.S.). [38] Michigan State University scientists have invented a new way to monitor chemotherapy concentrations, which is more effective in keeping patients' treatments within the crucial therapeutic window. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36]
Category: Physics of Biology

[516] viXra:1909.0563 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 06:36:10

Refutation of Second Incompleteness Theorem and Well-Foundedness of Jump Hierarchies

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate Gödel’s second incompleteness theorem (equated to well-founded Kripke-frames and the least element principle) and modal Löb’s theorem (equated to induction). Both are not tautologous and converse. Hence to imply well-foundedness, such as to jump hierarchies, is also not tautologous. These conjectures form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[515] viXra:1909.0562 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 06:47:13

Research 1st Hypothesis Discussion

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

Hypothesis No.1 Solar System is One building (or one machine) and each planet is a part of this same building. This is my first and old hypothesis – the solar group is one body and each planet is member of this same body – so solar planets aren't similar but complementary to each other Any way – the basic point depends on the motion definition – that means – if the solar system is a theater of puppets – as I suggest- where one thread connects all puppets together and push them to move according to each puppet geometrical structure – based on this description- may we have a way to prove this hypothesis Now we have no escape to avoid the space definition – for that- this paper provides a deep discussion to see the data real direction more than to dictate any conclusions…
Category: Astrophysics

[514] viXra:1909.0560 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 08:06:53

Dimension of Time Minus Two

Authors: Sergey Belykh
Comments: 4 Pages. http://nplf.narod.ru/ Белых С.А. Планковская физика, 2008

An approach to the laws of Nature in the language of geometry gave an outlet to a point with Planck parameters, which is the intersection of two lines - the line of quanta of the electromagnetic field and the line of black holes. In continuation of the construction, the region containing objects with rest mass was limited by arcs. The ratio of parameters in neighboring Planck points was used to determine the dimensionality of time.
Category: Classical Physics

[513] viXra:1909.0559 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 08:03:28

Qubits for Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

A group of physicists in Utrecht, San Sebastián and Pennsylvania have created a new artificial molecule that is insulating inside but has electronic states localized in its corners. [48] In a recent study, researchers at the University of Colorado have resolved phonon Fock states in the spectrum of a superconducting qubit coupled to a multimode acoustic cavity. [47] "Our bacterially produced graphene material will lead to far better suitability for product development," Meyer says. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[512] viXra:1909.0558 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 08:19:26

Single Ions into Solids

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Physicists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) led by Professor Ferdinand Schmidt-Kaler now have developed a method to implant precise numbers of individual dopant ions into a solid crystal. [24] The research centers on a material called samarium nickelate, which is a quantum material, meaning its performance taps into quantum mechanical interactions. [23] An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have created the world's first quantum metamaterial that can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. [22] ETH physicists have developed a silicon wafer that behaves like a topological insulator when stimulated using ultrasound. They have thereby succeeded in turning an abstract theoretical concept into a macroscopic product. [21] Cheng Chin, professor in the Department of Physics, and his team looked at an experimental setup of tens of thousands of atoms cooled down to near absolute zero. As the system crossed a quantum phase transition, they measured its behavior with an extremely sensitive imaging system. [20] Scientists from three UK universities are to test one of the fundamental laws of physics as part of a major Europe-wide project awarded more than £3m in funding. ]19] A team of researchers has devised a simple way to tune a hallmark quantum effect in graphene-the material formed from a single layer of carbon atoms-by bathing it in light. [18] Researchers from the University of Cambridge have taken a peek into the secretive domain of quantum mechanics. [17] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15]
Category: Condensed Matter

[511] viXra:1909.0557 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 08:34:22

Cooling Superconducting Accelerator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Fermilab scientists and engineers have achieved a landmark result in an ongoing effort to design and build compact, portable particle accelerators. [32] The interdisciplinary research team in the departments of physics, astronomy and advanced materials in the U.S. and Japan found the side gates to be highly efficient, allowing them to control carrier density along either edge of the junction across a wide range of magnetic fields. [31] Ultimately, Li said, the combination of a superconducting and a magnetic system allows for precise coupling and decoupling of the magnon and photon, presenting opportunities for manipulating quantum information. [30] Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [29] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[510] viXra:1909.0556 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 08:54:15

Finish Brazil's Particle Accelerator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Brazilian scientists are racing against time to finish building a particle accelerator the size of the Maracana football stadium before government funds run out or it is superseded by rival technology. [33] Fermilab scientists and engineers have achieved a landmark result in an ongoing effort to design and build compact, portable particle accelerators. [32] The interdisciplinary research team in the departments of physics, astronomy and advanced materials in the U.S. and Japan found the side gates to be highly efficient, allowing them to control carrier density along either edge of the junction across a wide range of magnetic fields. [31] Ultimately, Li said, the combination of a superconducting and a magnetic system allows for precise coupling and decoupling of the magnon and photon, presenting opportunities for manipulating quantum information. [30] Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [29] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[509] viXra:1909.0555 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 09:25:37

Extremely Rare Nuclear Process

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A hypothetical nuclear process known as neutrinoless double beta decay ought to be among the least likely events in the universe. [21] Studying this really interesting particle that's all around us, and yet is so hard to measure, that could hold the key to understanding why we're here at all, is exciting—and I get to do this for a living," says Mauger. [20] In the Standard Model of particle physics, elementary particles acquire their masses by interacting with the Higgs field. This process is governed by a delicate mechanism: electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB). [19]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[508] viXra:1909.0554 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 10:42:28

Refutation of Hilbert Logic System HG

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate Axiom 1 (A→(B→A)) of the Hilbert system HG as not tautologous. This refutes it and those conjectures to follow: Gödel algebras; Heyting algebras with the prelinearity law; intuitionistic Kripke models; Gödel LG; and modal multi-valued Gödel logic. These conjectures form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[507] viXra:1909.0553 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 11:38:33

Smart Pots for Cuddles(™) Based Therapy, for Autism and Psychosis Spectrum Disorders.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages.

A smart pot design with Sonoff TH10/TH16 is developed for a DIY therapy based on the Cuddles(™) thermo regulation device. This paper is a supplement to already published literature by the author. The paper extends the therapy hardware to a version two, which includes polled wake word actions based on an ultrasound signalling from the plant, a way to listen to stress and ill-health signals from the plant for a stronger plant human interface and meaningful cuddles. The following paper is on the DIY series and published on Hackster.io(“Smart Pots for Cuddles(TM) Based Therapy, for Autism” n.d.) For other solutions see, (“iPot ‘The Worlds First Intelligent Plant Pot’” n.d., “Smart Garden” n.d., “Automatic Watering System for Plants with Arduino” n.d., “Smart Plant Monitoring with SMS Alert: Keep Plants Hydrated!” n.d.) Keywords: Cuddles(™), IFTTT, RAVATTT, Ultrasound plant signalling, Alexa, pots, succulents, Sonoff, DSP, wake words, IOT, actions
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[506] viXra:1909.0552 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 12:07:55

Intention Cosmology: Resolving the Discrepancy Between Direct and Inverse Cosmic Distance Ladder Through a New Cosmological Model

Authors: Vincenzo Peluso
Comments: 32 Pages.

A new cosmological model is presented, which derives from a new physics within a theory of everything. It introduces, beyond radiation and baryonic matter, a unique and new ingredient, which is the substance of the universe, and which can be assimilated to the cold dark matter of the standard cosmology. The new model, although profoundly different from the ΛCDM model, exhibits the same metric and an almost identical distance scale. So it shares the same chronology and the same theory of nucleosynthesis, but solves the problem of the horizon, the fatness of space and the homogeneity of the distribution of matter in a natural way, without having to resort to an additional theory like that of inflation and without dark energy. Eventually it resolves the tension between the direct and the inverse cosmic distance ladder.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[505] viXra:1909.0551 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 12:58:44

Fully Functioning Quantum Computer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Transmitting the state of an electron back and forth across an array of qubits, without moving the position of electrons, provides a striking example of the possibilities allowed by quantum physics for information science. [49] A group of physicists in Utrecht, San Sebastián and Pennsylvania have created a new artificial molecule that is insulating inside but has electronic states localized in its corners. [48] In a recent study, researchers at the University of Colorado have resolved phonon Fock states in the spectrum of a superconducting qubit coupled to a multimode acoustic cavity. [47] "Our bacterially produced graphene material will lead to far better suitability for product development," Meyer says. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[504] viXra:1909.0550 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 13:28:46

Historical Problem of Mathematics. Complex Numbers

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The description of the complex number which is not containing a concept of the complex plane is offered.
Category: General Mathematics

[503] viXra:1909.0549 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 13:44:21

Historical Problems of Physics. Description of Rotation

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The specified description of rotary motion is offered
Category: Classical Physics

[502] viXra:1909.0548 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 22:42:26

Exploring Software Tools like Gaelyk+JikesRVM+JI Prolog in the Context of IoT/HPC/Cloud/AI Applications – An Intelligent Informatics Framework Using Groovy Language+RVM-Research Virtual Machine+JI Prolog for Heterogeneous Environments.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Exploring Software Tools like Gaelyk+JikesRVM+JI Prolog in the Context of IoT/HPC/Cloud/AI Applications – An Intelligent Informatics Framework Using Groovy Language+RVM-Research Virtual Machine+JI Prolog for Heterogeneous Environments.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[501] viXra:1909.0547 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 03:04:10

Quantum Oscillations in Dirac Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

A novel type of quantum magneto-resistance oscillations has been observed in topological material ZrTe5 (Science Advances 4, eaau5096 (2018)), constituting the third known distinctive type of periodicity in the nearly 90 years searching for quantum oscillations in solids. [34] Lab leader Professor Alessandro Fedrizzi, adds: "The insight we gained is that quantum observers may indeed be entitled to their own facts. [33] When a particle is completely isolated from its environment, the laws of quantum physics start to play a crucial role. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[500] viXra:1909.0546 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 03:23:27

Machine Learning Metamaterial Design

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Electrical engineers at Duke University have harnessed the power of machine learning to design dielectric (non-metal) metamaterials that absorb and emit specific frequencies of terahertz radiation. [27] Reporting their findings in the open-access journal npj Computational Materials, the researchers show that their ML method, involving "transfer learning," enables the discovery of materials with desired properties even from an exceeding small data set. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[499] viXra:1909.0545 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 04:17:49

Laser Light Iron Without Resistance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

For the first time researchers successfully used laser pulses to excite an iron-based compound into a superconducting state. [33] Fermilab scientists and engineers have achieved a landmark result in an ongoing effort to design and build compact, portable particle accelerators. [32] The interdisciplinary research team in the departments of physics, astronomy and advanced materials in the U.S. and Japan found the side gates to be highly efficient, allowing them to control carrier density along either edge of the junction across a wide range of magnetic fields. [31] Ultimately, Li said, the combination of a superconducting and a magnetic system allows for precise coupling and decoupling of the magnon and photon, presenting opportunities for manipulating quantum information. [30] Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [29] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[498] viXra:1909.0544 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 04:25:30

Interpretation of Action Potential Generation Mechanism in Cells by Potassium Channel "Origami Windmill" Model

Authors: Sun Zuodong
Comments: 9 Pages.

The mechanism of cell action potential was explained by using the principle of potassium channel "origami windmill" model. It is inferred that ion channels should include at least two categories: One kind of channel is "special ion channel", its structure is like an origami windmill model. All cations passing through this channel rotate into the interior from one-way, only in and no out. Compared with K+, they have two states of "open" and "closed", When they are "open", their aperture is not less than K+ diameter. When "closed", their aperture is smaller than K+ diameter, but not smaller than Na+ diameter. The other channel is the "universal ion channel". All Ions passing through this channel unidirectional flow too, only out and no in. Compared with K+, they have two states of "open" and "closed", When they are "open", their aperture is not less than K+ diameter. When "closed", their aperture is smaller than K+ diameter, but not smaller than Na+ diameter. This model reasonably explains the whole process of action potential occurrence, and supports Hodgkin, Huxley 's experimental the results of action potential. This model does not support their explanation of the mechanism of action potential generation in cells and the core ideas of "membrane theory" and "ion theory". It negates the selective filter atomic model and the propeller model established by MacKinnon et al. It is tiped that the main role of "sodium-potassium pump" or "ATPase" is not responsible for the transport of Na+ and K+ from the inside and outside of the cell and maintaining cell membrane potential. The channels through which ions enter and escape cells are independent. This suggests that most channels may be sharing in the same direction by other inorganic ions and organic molecules.
Category: Physics of Biology

[497] viXra:1909.0543 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 04:47:08

Laser Detects Fires

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new laser-based system that offers an efficient and low-cost way to detect fires in challenging environments such as industrial facilities or large construction sites. [34] For the first time researchers successfully used laser pulses to excite an iron-based compound into a superconducting state. [33] Fermilab scientists and engineers have achieved a landmark result in an ongoing effort to design and build compact, portable particle accelerators. [32] The interdisciplinary research team in the departments of physics, astronomy and advanced materials in the U.S. and Japan found the side gates to be highly efficient, allowing them to control carrier density along either edge of the junction across a wide range of magnetic fields. [31] Ultimately, Li said, the combination of a superconducting and a magnetic system allows for precise coupling and decoupling of the magnon and photon, presenting opportunities for manipulating quantum information. [30] Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [29] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[496] viXra:1909.0542 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 06:42:43

Negative Energy from Gravity (Neg) Concept, Proof and Sweeping Implications for Cosmology and Theoretical Physics Introduction of New Dual Energy Cosmological Model (Dec) and New Dual Energy Physics

Authors: Ralph B. Hill
Comments: 15 Pages.

NEG demonstrates proof that energy in gravitational action is generated at the expense of a buildup of negative energy. Gravitational potential energy does not represent a form of energy, failing tests under mass-energy equivalence and GR. Negative energy builds up in space, curves spacetime negatively, leading to antigravitational effects including observed ‘dark energy’. Discovery of energy generation by gravity in 0=-1+1 type fashion and realization of negative energy affecting space lead to sweeping consequences for cosmology. The emerging Dual Energy Cosmological model (DEC) naturally addresses current problems including initial singularity, dark energy, dark matter, Lambda, vacuum energy from quantum fluctuations, an ultimate source for energy in the universe. Negative energy changes underlying assumptions of large-scale cosmic dynamics and renders Lambda-CDM model obsolete. New insights on energy in gravitational waves are detailed. Call for new astronomical surveys to assess historic gravitational energy delivery, where Anti-de Sitter space and signatures of a holographic structure naturally emerge as partial components of physical reality. The new theory of energy opens door to dual energy physics beyond gravity and cosmology. It is further proposed that interactions with negative energy rather than a positive Higgs field give rise to the masses of elementary particles.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[495] viXra:1909.0541 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 06:50:16

Derivation of Field Equations of F(R) Gravity from Euler-Poisson Equation

Authors: Faisal Amin Yassein Abdelmohssin
Comments: 14 Pages.

We derived the field equations of f (R) gravity using Euler-Poisson equation, which allows the boundary term to vanish in a natural way from the principle of Calculus of variation in contrary to the original theory of H. A. Buchdahl 1970, in which the boundary term was not treated.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[494] viXra:1909.0540 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 06:54:12

Quark Neutrino

Authors: Arnaud Andrieu
Comments: 1 Page.

The quark neutrino does not exist. However, I suspect its existence following the deduction of a calculation of the mechanism of a single-particle universe in motion. The principle of the single particle is an oscillator of the latter between singularity and quantum decoherence. vixra.org/pdf/1909.0300v1.pdf There are two possible vector senses of the particle. The first is that of the singularity to the correlated particle, which is the quark with its electric charge, and that presents itself in its lifetime that we know. The second sense goes from the correlated particle to the singularity, except that since the particle has lost its electric charge by consummation. Indeed this second path represents the quark particle without charge, and becomes a kind of neutrinos which is between quantum chromodynamics and singularity. Reference: Evidence for massive neutrinos from CMB and lensing observations arxiv.org/pdf/1308.5870v2.pdf
Category: Quantum Physics

[493] viXra:1909.0539 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 07:05:41

Entre Noether et Planck, le Miroir Maths-Physique

Authors: Francis Maleval
Comments: 1 Page.

Un miroir construit ici, selon un processus itératif, une géométrie à partir d’un objet conceptuel. Cette dynamique, desservie par le théorème de Noether, engendre les constantes universelles.
Category: Quantum Physics

[492] viXra:1909.0538 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 07:11:51

2000 Atoms Quantum Superposition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 94 Pages.

The quantum superposition principle has been tested on a scale as never before in a new study by scientists at the University of Vienna in collaboration with the University of Basel. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[491] viXra:1909.0537 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 07:30:46

Numbers: Part 4," Pi Representations "

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

We give some representations of Pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[490] viXra:1909.0536 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 07:33:18

Numbers: Part 5 , Two Formulas

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

This note presents two formulas.
Category: General Mathematics

[489] viXra:1909.0535 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 07:35:55

Simpson's Rule and Simpson's 3/8 Rule

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

Numerical evaluation of the integral: int(f(x),x=0..1)=pi/2
Category: General Mathematics

[488] viXra:1909.0534 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 07:40:19

The Equation: Psi(q)=2

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this note we give q=0.645..., such that : psi(q)=2, where psi(q) is the Ramanujan's theta function.
Category: Number Theory

[487] viXra:1909.0533 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 07:38:24

Rosetta Stone for Neutrino Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

While the eigenvalues are somewhat unavoidably tricky, this new result shows that the eigenvectors can be written down in a simple, compact, and easy-to-remember form, once the eigenvalues are calculated. For this reason, we called the eigenvalues "the Rosetta Stone" for neutrino oscillations in our original publication-once you have them, you know everything you want to know. [28] An international team of scientists has announced a breakthrough in its quest to measure the mass of the neutrino, one of the most abundant, yet elusive, elementary particles in our universe. [27] In the quest to prove that matter can be produced without antimatter, the GERDA experiment at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory in Italy is looking for signs of neutrinoless double beta decay. [26] The announcement was made during the CHARM 2018 international workshop in Novosibirsk in Russia: a charming moment for this doubly charmed particle. [25] The group, in work published in Physical Review Letters, has now used powerful theoretical and computational tools to predict the existence of a "most strange" dibaryon, made up of two "Omega baryons" that contain three strange quarks each. [24] The nuclear physicists found that the proton's building blocks, the quarks, are subjected to a pressure of 100 decillion Pascal (10 35) near the center of a proton, which is about 10 times greater than the pressure in the heart of a neutron star. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[486] viXra:1909.0532 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 07:43:29

On the Equation: Gamma(x)*gamma(x+1/2)=2

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

We give the real roots of the equation: gamma(x)*gamma(x+1/2)=2 , x>0 ,where gamma(x) is the Gamma function.
Category: Number Theory

[485] viXra:1909.0531 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 08:00:29

A Flaw in Separation Axioms

Authors: Hannes Hutzelmeyer
Comments: 18 Pages.

The author has developed an approach to logics that comprises, but also goes beyond predicate logic. The FUME method contains two tiers of precise languages: object-language Funcish and metalanguage Mencish. It allows for a very wide application in mathematics from geometry, number theory, recursion theory and axiomatic set theory with first-order logic, to higher-order logic theory of real numbers etc. . The conventional treatment of axiomatic set theory (ZFC) is replaced by the abstract calcule sigma so that certain shortcomings can be avoided by the use of Funcish-Mencish language hierarchy: - precise talking about formula strings necessitates a formalized metalanguage - talking about open arities, general tuples, open dimensions of spaces, finite systems of open cardinality and so on necessitates a formalized metalanguage. 'dot dot dot … ' just will not do - the Axiom of Infinity is generalized in order to allow for certain other infinite sets besides the natural number representation according to von Neumann (i.e. general recursion) - the Axioms of Separation is modified as it seems more convenient - there are only enumerably many properties that can be constructed from formula strings, as these are finite strings of characters from a finite alphabet; this should be kept in mind in connection with the Axioms of Replacement - a new look at Cantor's continuum hypothesis in abstract axiomatic set theory leads to the question of so-called basis-incompleteness versus proof-incompleteness - the Axioms of Separation seem to have a flaw; there is a caveat for axiomatic set theory.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[484] viXra:1909.0530 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 08:26:16

The Secret of Ishango – On the Helix Structure of Prime Numbers

Authors: Christof Born
Comments: 11 Pages.

The bones of Ishango were found in the 1950s by Belgian archaeologist Jean de Heinzelin near a Palaeolithic residence in Ishango, Africa. Inscriptions, which can be interpreted as numbers, make these bones the oldest mathematical find in human history. There are various scientific papers on the interpretation of the inscriptions. Interestingly, on one of the two bones, we also find the six consecutive prime numbers 5, 7, 11, 13, 17 and 19. Did Stone Age people already know the secret of the prime numbers? This question is explored in my mathematical essay “The Secret of Ishango”: an adventurous journey around the world – from Basel in Switzerland to Erode in India. The presumed connection between the numbers on the bones of Ishango and the structure of the prime numbers is illustrated by a sketch at the end of the text.
Category: Number Theory

[483] viXra:1909.0529 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 08:24:06

Coordinate Transformation and Static Charged Sphere in General Relativity

Authors: Karl De Paepe
Comments: 3 Pages.

We consider a static charged sphere in general relativity. We make a coordinate transformation of a specific form. The electromagnetic energy-momentum tensor in the transformed coordinates is shown to be zero contrary to what is expected.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[482] viXra:1909.0526 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 09:12:22

Polygonal Spirals with Manageable Inclination.

Authors: Dante Servi
Comments: 2 Pages.

This submission is replaced by full version 1910.0086v3 found here http://vixra.org/abs/1910.0086?ref=10844852
Category: Geometry

[481] viXra:1909.0525 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 11:41:23

A Bit of Abstract Physics

Authors: Kaushal Timilsina
Comments: 61 Pages. It's a lot of fun and perhaps very creative to wonder and explore ideas from what each possibility leads to.

In 4 articles on abstract Physics, I explore perspectives on 1) what would become a theory of interacting manifolds, 2) emergence and virtual particles, 3) The loops in spacetime 4) Self-interaction and time, and a discussion on the Riemann hypothesis. The discussions on abstract Physics do not contain any mathematical basis, and purely explore the sense of wonder in such philosophical perspectives. The discussion on the Riemann hypothesis contains some mathematics which is very non-rigorous. All of these articles are related to a more formal mathematical intuition, but still not very rigorous in this other article: Riemann zeroes and manifolds - http://viXra.org/abs/1909.0500
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[480] viXra:1909.0524 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-25 08:30:33

Unified Theory of Gravity and Electromagnetic Field in Reissner-Nodstrom Solution, Kerr-Newman Solution

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 6 Pages.

Solutions of unified theory equations of gravity and electromagnetism satisfy Einstein-Maxwell equation. Hence, solutions of the unified theory is Reissner- Nodstrom solution in vacuum. We found in revised Einstein gravity tensor equation , the condition is satisf ied by 2 order contravariant metric tensor two times product,the constant matrix.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[479] viXra:1909.0523 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 13:08:37

Light Speed Up Computation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

A group of researchers in Japan has developed a new type of processor known as PAXEL, a device that can potentially bypass Moore's Law and increase the speed and efficiency of computing. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[478] viXra:1909.0522 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 13:33:15

Refutation of Tarski's Quantifier Elimination (Qe) as a Formal Method Technique

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the first order polynomial case of Tarski’s quantifier elimination (QE) for recursive induction using definitions of the crucial theorem. QE is not tautologous. This also refutes the conjecture of QE to enhance safety assurance in deep neural networks. These conjectures form non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[477] viXra:1909.0521 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 13:43:11

Neutrinos Explain Matter with Antimatter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Studying this really interesting particle that's all around us, and yet is so hard to measure, that could hold the key to understanding why we're here at all, is exciting—and I get to do this for a living," says Mauger. [20] In the Standard Model of particle physics, elementary particles acquire their masses by interacting with the Higgs field. This process is governed by a delicate mechanism: electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB). [19] Nuclear physicists successfully measured the weak charge of the proton by shooting electrons at a cold liquid hydrogen target in an experiment carried out at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. [18]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[476] viXra:1909.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 14:00:02

Quantum Observers Entitled

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Lab leader Professor Alessandro Fedrizzi, adds: "The insight we gained is that quantum observers may indeed be entitled to their own facts. [33] When a particle is completely isolated from its environment, the laws of quantum physics start to play a crucial role. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[475] viXra:1909.0519 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 14:17:37

Fabry-Perot Interferometer and Doppler Effect

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 2 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications

The interference pattern of a Fabry-Perot interferometer is conserved in all inertial reference frames. Its constructive pattern requires the wavelength to be proportional to the gap width of the interferometer. The length contraction from Lorentz transformation assumes the gap of the interferometer to be contracted in the direction of the relative motion. The wavelength is also contracted as it is proportional to the gap width. For two observers moving at the same speed, the contracted wavelength appears to be identical. If one of them moves in the opposite direction, they will observe an identical wavelength but two different frequencies due to the Doppler effect. Consequently, they observe two different speeds from the same light.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[474] viXra:1909.0518 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-01 14:48:38

The Scale-Symmetric Theory in the Bambara and Dogon Mythology

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 7 Pages.

Many basic ideas applied in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) have counterparts in the Bambara and Dogon mythology.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[473] viXra:1909.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 16:12:58

What Was Division by Zero?; Division by Zero Calculus and New World (Compact Version)

Authors: Saburou Saitoh
Comments: This version was written for the Proceedings of ICRAMA2019 (16-18 July, 2019) with the 8 pages restriction under the requested form.

Based on the preprint survey paper, we will introduce the importance of the division by zero and its great impact to elementary mathematics and mathematical sciences for some general people. For this purpose, we will give its global viewpoint in a self-contained manner by using the related references. This version was written for the Proceedings of ICRAMA2019 (16-18 July, 2019) with the 8 pages restriction under the requested form.
Category: General Mathematics

[472] viXra:1909.0516 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 16:58:04

My Publisher's Father's Name Was "Ted": The MHCE8S Story is Thus as Surprising as Was the Sinking Of the Battleship Hood

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: It is noted that my ViXra publisher's father's name was "Ted". Therefore this connection between "ted" and "briggs" indicates that MHCE8S theory of the universe is as surprising (and important) as was the sinking of the battleship Hood.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[471] viXra:1909.0515 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 21:25:35

The Requirements on the Non-trivial Roots of the Riemann Zeta via the Dirichlet Eta Sum

Authors: William Blickos
Comments: 11 Pages.

An explanation of the Riemann Hypothesis is given in 8 parts, with the first being a statement of the problem. In the next 3 parts, the complex valued Dirichlet Eta sum, a known equivalence to Riemann Zeta in the critical strip, is split into 8 real valued sums and 2 constants. Part 5 explains a recursive relationship between the 8 sums. Section 6 shows that the sums must individually equal 0. Part 7 details the ratios of the system when all sums equal 0 at once. Finally, part 8 solves the system in terms of the original Dirichlet Eta sum inputs. The result shows that the only possible solution for the real portion of the complex input, commonly labeled a, is that it must equal 1/2, and thus proves Riemann’s suspicion.
Category: Number Theory

[470] viXra:1909.0514 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 22:55:53

On Three Possible Applications of Neutrosophic Logic in Applied Sciences

Authors: Victor Christianto, Robert Neil Boyd, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 8 Pages. This paper has been submitted to NSS journal. Comments are welcome

This paper shortly reviews the links among Aether and matter creation from the perspective of Neutrosophic Logic. We also discuss two other possible applications of Neutrosophic Logic.
Category: Astrophysics

[469] viXra:1909.0513 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 23:10:03

Captcha Generation and Identification Using Generative Adversarial Networks

Authors: Hardik Ajmani, Mrinal Wahal
Comments: 10 Pages.

Adversarial attacking is an emerging worrying angle in the field of AI, capable of fooling even the most efficiently trained models to produce results as and when required. Inversely, the same design powering adversarial attacks can be employed for efficient white-hat modeling of deep neural networks. Recently introduced GANs (Generative Adversarial Networks) serve precisely this purpose by generating forged data. Consequently, authentic data identification is a crucial problem to be done away with, considering increased adversarial attacks. This paper proposes an approach using DCGANs (Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Networks) to both - generate and distinguish artificially produced fake captchas. The generator model produces a significant number of unseen images, and the discriminatory model classifies them as fake (0) or genuine (1). Interestingly enough, both the models can be configured to learn from each other and become better as they train along.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[468] viXra:1909.0511 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 02:10:21

Predicting Epileptic Seizures

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

By studying the brain dynamics of 28 subjects with epilepsy, scientists demonstrated there is no evidence for a previously suspected warning sign for seizures known as "critical slowing down." [26] By associating these small-scale diffusion rates with time-varying values for entropy, he finds that the rates of change of entropy in certain time intervals are larger in areas with higher RNA diffusion rates. [25] By testing a variety of gold nanoparticles, researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and collaborators are providing first evidence of their impact upon human B lymphocytes-the immune cells responsible for antibody production. [24] Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen have developed a method to visualize gene expression of cells with an electron microscope. [23] Researchers at Oregon State University have developed an improved technique for using magnetic nanoclusters to kill hard-to-reach tumors. [22] MIT researchers have now come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis from occurring, by incorporating a crystallized immunosuppressant drug into devices. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18]
Category: Mind Science

[467] viXra:1909.0510 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 02:35:37

Record-Fast Neutron Tomography

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

For the first time, researchers have captured neutron tomography images in about a second, nearly an order of magnitude faster than previously reported attempts. [14] Coupled with SNS, the world's most powerful pulsed accelerator-based neutron source, VENUS will be the only open research facility platform in the US to provide time-of-flight neutron imaging capabilities to users from academia and industry. [13] A spallation neutron source has been used by physicists in Japan to search for possible violations of the inverse square law of gravity. [12] Physicists have proposed a way to test quantum gravity that, in principle, could be performed by a laser-based, table-top experiment using currently available technology. [11] Now however, a new type of materials, the so-called Weyl semimetals, similar to 3-D graphene, allow us to put the symmetry destructing quantum anomaly to work in everyday phenomena, such as the creation of electric current. [10] Physicist Professor Chunnong Zhao and his recent PhD students Haixing Miao and Yiqiu Ma are members of an international team that has created a particularly exciting new design for gravitational wave detectors. [9] A proposal for a gravitational-wave detector made of two space-based atomic clocks has been unveiled by physicists in the US. [8] The gravitational waves were detected by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. [7] A team of researchers with the University of Lisbon has created simulations that indicate that the gravitational waves detected by researchers with the LIGO project, and which are believed to have come about due to two black holes colliding, could just have easily come from another object such as a gravaster (objects which are believed to have their insides made of dark energy) or even a wormhole. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes the simulations they created, what was seen and what they are hoping to find in the future. [6] In a landmark discovery for physics and astronomy, international scientists said Thursday they have glimpsed the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, which Albert Einstein predicted a century ago. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star'-unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Physics of Biology

[466] viXra:1909.0509 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 02:57:04

Quantum Hall-Based Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

The interdisciplinary research team in the departments of physics, astronomy and advanced materials in the U.S. and Japan found the side gates to be highly efficient, allowing them to control carrier density along either edge of the junction across a wide range of magnetic fields. [31] Ultimately, Li said, the combination of a superconducting and a magnetic system allows for precise coupling and decoupling of the magnon and photon, presenting opportunities for manipulating quantum information. [30] Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [29] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[465] viXra:1909.0508 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 03:12:03

Atomic Level Acoustic Interactions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

By using sound waves, scientists have begun to explore fundamental stress behaviors in a crystalline material that could form the basis for quantum information technologies. [19] An international research team has observed in real time how football molecules made of carbon atoms burst in the beam of an X-ray laser. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9]
Category: Condensed Matter

[464] viXra:1909.0507 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 03:25:29

Iridium Loses its Identity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Iridium "loses its identity" and its electrons act oddly in an ultra-thin film when interfaced with nickel-based layers, which have an unexpectedly strong impact on iridium ions, according to Rutgers University-New Brunswick physicist Jak Chakhalian, senior author of a Rutgers-led study in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. [20] By using sound waves, scientists have begun to explore fundamental stress behaviors in a crystalline material that could form the basis for quantum information technologies. [19] An international research team has observed in real time how football molecules made of carbon atoms burst in the beam of an X-ray laser. [18]
Category: Condensed Matter

[463] viXra:1909.0506 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 03:43:01

Atlantis in the Sea of the Nations

Authors: Leon Elshout
Comments: 2 Pages.

What did Atlantis that had sunken into the Sea (Timaios 25) have to do with the mystery in Psalm 49:4? - by leon elshout, almelo, NL, 25/9/2019, roodgoudvanparvaim.nl (aurichalcum2018 (at) protonmail.com)
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[462] viXra:1909.0505 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 04:24:23

Who was Jason in the Argonaut myth?

Authors: Leon Elshout
Comments: 1 Page.

Jason in the Argonaut myth was a son of a king who himself wanted to become a king? But what king? What did his leopard skin garment teach us about the leopardess in Revelation 13:2? - by leon elshout, almelo, NL, 25/9/2019, roodgoudvanparvaim.nl, roodgoudvanparvaim.wordpress.com - aurichalcum2018 (at) protonmail.com
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[461] viXra:1909.0504 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 04:22:09

Proof of Goldbach's Conjecture

Authors: Wu Ye TangYin
Comments: 12 Pages. NO

Prime number, compound number, prime factor decomposition, hypothesis. Theme: Integer theory. Push assumptions to infinity according to computational logic Random Extraction Computing Theory Welcome the distinguished gentleman (lady) to comment on my article
Category: Number Theory

[460] viXra:1909.0503 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 08:10:12

Topology of Disordered 3-D Graphenes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Disordered three-dimensional graphenes are carbon materials present in batteries, water filters, gas masks, high-temperature ceramics, electrochemical sensors and insulation. [31] Apart from carrying small objects to various spots of a microfluidic device, the researchers can also localize them with high spatial resolution and then take them away if necessary. This capability may open up new avenues in nanoscale assembly and sensing. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[459] viXra:1909.0502 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 08:43:39

Binary Merger GW150914

Authors: Lluís Bel
Comments: 10 Pages.

A fully relativistic encounter of two 35 solar masses point-like objects, somehow mimicking the binary merger GW150914 described by LIGO Scientific and VIRGO collaborations (Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 529 No 1-2)
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[458] viXra:1909.0501 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 09:03:56

Ultra-Rare Kaon Decay

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

The experiment, led by an international team of scientists, demonstrates a new technique which captures and measures the ultra rare decay of a sub atomic particle called a kaon. [48] A group of scientists at the Department of Energy's Fermilab has figured out how to use quantum computing to simulate the fundamental interactions that hold together our universe. [47] Phonons, or more specifically, surface acoustic wave phonons, are proposed as a method to coherently couple distant solid-state quantum systems. [46] Now a Rochester Institute of Technology researcher has teamed up with experts at the University of Rochester to create a different kind of laser-a laser for sound, using the optical tweezer technique invented by Ashkin. [45]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[457] viXra:1909.0500 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-27 12:35:33

Towards a Dynamic Theory of Interacting Manifolds

Authors: Kaushal Timilsina
Comments: 16 Pages. The freedom of learning and the wonder of asking: What questions can you ask? What do they mean or what do you want them to mean? And can you make answers, What answers can you make and what do they mean (or perhaps what do you mean?).

4 pages of an update, has been added at the end. A discussion on a better mathematical intuition towards a theory of interacting manifolds includes the first question (and the second one as well), in the theory of interacting manifolds. The key discussion includes how an infinite union of singularities from finite dimensional manifolds of any dimensions each (possibly different), can be used to construct an infinite dimensional manifold and how that helps us understand singularities in finite dimensional manifolds, and hinting at an insight towards interactions between finite dimensional manifolds.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[456] viXra:1909.0499 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 10:27:15

Super-Thin Material for Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

New research on two-dimensional tungsten disulfide (WS2) could open the door to advances in quantum computing. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[455] viXra:1909.0498 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 11:05:52

Black Holes from Phase Transition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Hooman Davoudiasl, a theoretical physicist at the Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York, has recently introduced a new theory suggesting that the black holes observed by the LIGO/Virgo collaboration originate from a first order quark confinement phase transition. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters-it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think "the Big Bang", except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[454] viXra:1909.0497 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 11:29:21

DNA held by Hydrophobic Forces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have disproved the prevailing theory of how DNA binds itself. [18] The DNA molecules are chiral, which means they can exist in two forms which are mirror images, like a left and right hand. The phenomenon was dubbed "chiral induced spin selectivity" (CISS), and over the last few years, several experiments were published allegedly showing this CISS effect, even in electronic devices. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8]
Category: Physics of Biology

[453] viXra:1909.0496 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 14:40:34

On Color and Vision

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 3 Pages.

I outline and explain 3 main flaws with modern vision and color theory, and from this I conclude that color is a intrinsic property of Nature, or a distinct property of bodies that is independent from vision, light and the brain. I show the distinction between Vision, Light, Color, and Electromagnetic Waves.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[452] viXra:1909.0495 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 16:00:16

Explicit Upper Bound for all Prime Gaps

Authors: Derek Tucker
Comments: 3 Pages.

Let p_s denote the greatest prime with squared value less than a given number. We call the interval from one prime’s square to the next, a prime’s season. By improving on the well known proof of arbitrarily large prime gaps, here we show that for all seasons, the upper bound of prime gap length is 〖2p〗_s.
Category: Number Theory

[451] viXra:1909.0494 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 22:43:34

Refutation of Lindström Theorems for Fragments of First-Order Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate three equations for the example property as not tautologous. This refutes virtually all conjectures, such as Lindström theorems for the six upper fragments of logic in Fig. 1, and the two proof approaches claimed as clever. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[450] viXra:1909.0493 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 00:51:24

Molecular Footballs in X-Ray Laser Beam

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

An international research team has observed in real time how football molecules made of carbon atoms burst in the beam of an X-ray laser. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8]
Category: Physics of Biology

[449] viXra:1909.0492 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 01:27:02

Three-Photon Color-Entangled W State

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have constructed a quantum-mechanical state in which the colors of three photons are entangled with each other. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light particles non-destructively. [22] A study by the Quantum Technologies for Information Science (QUTIS) group of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has produced a series of protocols for quantum sensors that could allow images to be obtained by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance of single biomolecules using a minimal amount of radiation. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17]
Category: Quantum Physics

[448] viXra:1909.0491 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 02:41:14

Biocompatible Laser in Living Tissues

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers have developed a tiny nanolaser that can function inside of living tissues without harming them. [19] An international research team has observed in real time how football molecules made of carbon atoms burst in the beam of an X-ray laser. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14]
Category: Physics of Biology

[447] viXra:1909.0490 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 02:44:50

An Insight into HOL-Isabelle/Coq Theorem Provers based Design of Algorithms Using [ Minsky Machines+Scala NLP/Scala/Akka/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/JVM/LLVM ] in the Context of Electronic Health Record [ EHR ] Software R&D - A Simple Suggestion

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Insight into HOL-Isabelle/Coq Theorem Provers based Design of Algorithms Using [ Minsky Machines+Scala NLP/Scala/Akka/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/JVM/LLVM ] in the Context of Electronic Health Record [ EHR ] Software R&D - A Simple Suggestion on Using [ NLP+IoT+HPC ]. [ Exploring Challenges involving HOL/Coq+Minsky Machines Theory + NLP Theory Raspberry PI+IoT+HPC Informatics Better Health Care ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[446] viXra:1909.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 03:06:17

Digital Computers Model Chaos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

The study, published today in Advanced Theory and Simulations, shows that digital computers cannot reliably reproduce the behaviour of 'chaotic systems' which are widespread. [20] It sounds like science fiction: controlling electronic devices with brain waves. But researchers have developed a new type of electroencephalogram (EEG) electrode that can do just that, without the sticky gel required for conventional electrodes. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[445] viXra:1909.0488 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 03:32:58

Turn Heat into Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

An international team of scientists has figured out how to capture heat and turn it into electricity. [34] Researchers at Osaka University have been able to enhance the power factor of a promising thermoelectric material by more than 100% by varying the pressure, paving the way for new materials with improved thermoelectric properties. [33] Wearable devices that harvest energy from movement are not a new idea, but a material created at Rice University may make them more practical. [32] Researchers at Cardiff University have shown tiny light-emitting nanolasers less than a tenth of the size of the width of a human hair can be integrated into silicon chip design. [31] Large-scale plasmonic metasurfaces could find use in flat panel displays and other devices that can change colour thanks to recent work by researchers at the University of Cambridge in the UK. [30] Particles in solution can grow, transport, collide, interact, and aggregate into complex shapes and structures. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[444] viXra:1909.0487 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-07 04:45:27

Proton Radius, Solving the Puzzle

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages. Included new data from Nature

The 2018 CODATA proton charge radius is 8.414(19)*10^(-16) meters[1] A new measurement in Nature, “Progress on the proton-radius puzzle” is 8.33 ± 0.10 *10^(-16) meters(4).This information may help in deciphering the construction of the universe. The value is not precise enough to make conclusion. This paper proposes a couple precise values. One being 8.40077662 × 10^-16 meters These numbers are from the Compton wavelength of the neutron. The calculations for the proton charge radius, done in this paper, are a continuation of Spinning Sphere Theory started in the paper “Gravity most related to the Proton Mass, Charge most related to the Electron Mass”[2] where the universe is discovered to be spinning spheres made out spinning spheres for many layers which is better described in “Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”[3]
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[443] viXra:1909.0486 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 07:25:26

Energy Ratio of 1/12 and Attraction in Hydrogen Atoms and Hydrogen Molecules

Authors: JianFei Chen
Comments: 5 Pages.

As has been found: In a hydrogen atom, if the proton increase 1/12 of the total mass of the electron, then the mass ratio of proton and electron is exactly an integer of 1836; And in a hydrogen molecule, hydrogen molecular bond energy is equal to 1/12 of the kinetic energy of two electrons. Both of two attraction involve the same ratio of 1/12, which should been determined by the same rules of energy. Author has explained the format process of the two attraction with energy and energy waves. The purpose of this paper is to study the four fundamental forces with energy and energy waves. Email: eastear@outlook.com eastear@163.com
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[442] viXra:1909.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 07:40:56

Diamond are Forever

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) have fabricated a novel glass and synthetic diamond foundation that can be used to create miniscule micro- and nanostructures. [39] Osaka University-led researchers demonstrated that the perturbation of laser imprinting on a capsule for nuclear fusion fuel made from stiff and heavy materials was mitigated. [38] Scientists found that relatively slow electrons are produced when intense lasers interact with small clusters of atoms, upturning current theories. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Condensed Matter

[441] viXra:1909.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 07:56:58

Nanotweezers Particle Manipulation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Apart from carrying small objects to various spots of a microfluidic device, the researchers can also localize them with high spatial resolution and then take them away if necessary. This capability may open up new avenues in nanoscale assembly and sensing. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[440] viXra:1909.0483 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-29 20:36:38

Tutorial: The Real Powers from Extension of Two Determining Properties of Positive-Integer Powers

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 5 Pages.

This tutorial parlays two determining properties of positive-integer power functions of a positive real variable into closed formulas for the real power functions of a positive real variable. These two determining properties are that any positive-integer power of unity equals unity, and the linear first-order differential equation that a positive-integer power function of a real positive variable satisfies, which is implicit in its derivative. These two determining properties of positive-integer power functions of a positive real variable are extended to arbitrary real values of the positive-integer power. The extended linear first-order differential equations and initial conditions are then used to generate the Taylor expansions of those real power functions of a positive real variable around the zero value of the real power; this can be carried out in at least two different ways. Those Taylor expansions converge for every real value of the power and every positive real value of the variable, and are readily reexpressed entirely in terms of the exponential function and its inverse; one thus has closed formulas for all the real power functions of a positive real variable. Logarithms describe arbitrary positive numbers as real powers of a given positive number; they can expressed entirely in terms of the exponential function's inverse. The value of the particular positive constant whose powers yield the exponential function itself is worked out.
Category: General Mathematics

[439] viXra:1909.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 09:10:21

Electronic 2-D Spin Transistors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Physicists from the University of Groningen constructed a two-dimensional spin transistor, in which spin currents were generated by an electric current through graphene. [31] Apart from carrying small objects to various spots of a microfluidic device, the researchers can also localize them with high spatial resolution and then take them away if necessary. This capability may open up new avenues in nanoscale assembly and sensing. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[438] viXra:1909.0481 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 09:58:38

Charging by Friction Conundrum

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

The electric shock you get from shuffling along a carpet might be the first experiment in electrostatics and tribology in most people's lives, but what causes it remains an open question. [32] Physicists from the University of Groningen constructed a two-dimensional spin transistor, in which spin currents were generated by an electric current through graphene. [31] Apart from carrying small objects to various spots of a microfluidic device, the researchers can also localize them with high spatial resolution and then take them away if necessary. This capability may open up new avenues in nanoscale assembly and sensing. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[437] viXra:1909.0480 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 10:18:35

Graphene Based Molecular Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

"The junctions were reproducible over several devices and operated from 20 Kelvin up to room temperature. Our approach represents a simple but powerful strategy for the future integration of molecule-based functions into stable and controllable nanoelectronic devices." [47] The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46]
Category: Condensed Matter

[436] viXra:1909.0479 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 13:23:42

Q-Qi: Quantum Charge Teleportation for Continuous Q Charging.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages.

Abstract: Q-Qi is defined as a form of Qi, which is based on quantum teleportation of charge.A charge pump based macroscopic quantum tunneling device for energy teleportation from a micro grid is described for use with the quantum tablet designed for the e-paper version of the one quantum tablet per child. The promise of inexpensive e-paper is possible only with the quantum internet to the cloud and the use of teleported power, for true mobility and Q-Qi charging.. In this paper the author compares, many opposing theories of electron mobility and teleportation, quantum teleportation is compared to macroscopic quantum tunneling and the creation of charge flow conduits. A comparison with current based storage and superconducting qubits, SMES systems(“Website” n.d.), supercapacitance is compared with superconducting loops with Josephson junctions and room temperature SQUIDs, described in an accompanying paper for another approach to qubits and Q-Qi. Keywords: Conduits, Quantum Teleportation, Quantum Tunneling, e-paper, energy teleportation, One Quantum Tablet Per Child, Q-Qi , SuperCapacitors, Graphene, SMES, Hall Effect, Josephson Junction, SQUID. What: Q-Qi is defined as the quantum teleportation of manifest and unmanifest Qi charge, the induction principle of wireless charging. We define arbitrary distance coherence in quantum teleportation of charge in a design analogous to DC to DC converters with charge pump designs. How: The wave function for electron flow, in entanglement, is defined as a wave function in charge - wave duality, in the existence of a sea of electrons and any barrier between them, tunneling or quantum movement of charge has been proven. We define a super capacitor for charge storage and a charge pump for DC to DC conversion, over arbitrary distances with a quantum coherence.(Monroe 2004) An opposite approach with electron-hole recombination and state teleportation for charge creation is well described in literature. (Beenakker and Kindermann 2004)(Beenakker and Kindermann 2004; Beenakker et al. 2003)(Beenakker and Kindermann 2004; “Teleportation of Electricity” n.d.) Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling is also defined with a finite probability of an electron tunneling over macroscopic distances,(“[No Title]” n.d.) , in an adaptation of classical dynamical theory of Hamiltonian functions and stability energy dynamics, a wave approach to energy stability over macroscopic distances is described for a tunneling phenomenon. Why: The quantum energy device is a power source for the quantum tablet, not necessitating the need for charging the device, with very low power levels maintained by quantum teleportation of charge, in a super capacitor. There are two approaches to materialization, the male principle is defined as one of minimalism, where a display is optronic in interactive manifolds and a force field, converting design to manifestation, the female principle is defined as materialistic, of stock keeping, including 3D printing, fabrication, marketing and transport. Hence all fabrication is treated as a female endeavor.
Category: Quantum Physics

[435] viXra:1909.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 14:30:26

Nature Works from the Inside Out; an Illustration

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper I show you the fallacy of external logic based on accidental motion and guide you through various situations that show that there exists a power or force that resides inside all Matter as to cause its alterations, modifications, and movements within a defined sphere of activity and that this force within Matter does not impart its force or powers unto other bodies beyond itself or its sphere. I show by sound logical arguments that material motions caused by an external force is impossible insomuch as it pertains to the natural workings of Nature. I show you that all Winds, Waves, Orbits, Clouds and other natural motions and natural phenomena stem from a inward activity as opposed to a external activity that causes their alterations.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[434] viXra:1909.0477 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-23 08:20:19

Neutrino Quantum Gravity

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 4 Pages.

According to the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), there is the two-component spacetime composed of the SST Higgs field (which consists of tachyons) and the Einstein spacetime (which consists of the neutrino-antineutrino pairs). The neutrinos are built of the superluminal binary systems of closed strings (we call them the gravitons or entanglons). The closed strings in a graviton have parallel spins and opposite internal helicity. Gravitons are placed in the SST Higgs field so they carry the smallest "piece" of gravitational field. Neutrinos produce gradient in the SST Higgs field - it is the elementary gravitational field defined by the gravitational constant G. Generally, the gradients/gravitational-fields are the classical fields but at distances smaller than 3510.1831 multiplied by the equatorial radius of neutrinos there appear groups of gravitons emitted and absorbed by the core of neutrinos. Here we described phenomena that concern the quantum region of neutrinos. The Neutrino Quantum Gravity (NQG) leads to the volumetric quantum confinement of the neutrino-antineutrino pairs that is the origin of the masses of scalars in physics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[433] viXra:1909.0476 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 15:04:09

Prediction of the Neutrinos Masses Using Some Empirical Formulae

Authors: Janko Kokosar
Comments: 8 Pages.

In a paper in year 2011 the author implicitly predicted the masses of the neutrinos using some old empirical formulae. Now this prediction is explicitly written, mass of one neutrino is calculated as 21.44240(50) meV, respectively 21.36459(49) meV, dependent of the model. (The other masses of the neutrinos are connected with one of these values.) According to the upper bounds of neutrinos masses in 2005, and respectively in 2019, the author calculates that the upper bound of the lightest neutrino mass approached between 3 times to 20 times to the predicted value in 2019 according to 2005. At the same time, cosmologists predict that in the next five years we will have values of the neutrino masses, not only the lower and upper bounds. Thus this prediction can be tested, and maybe p-value for accident will not be large. Besides, the prediction of the gravitational constant with the same formulae is also mentioned.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[432] viXra:1909.0475 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 15:12:46

Thermonuclear Micro-Projectile and Methods for its Use in Defensive Protection from Space Rockets, Peaceful Energy and Transport.

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 5 Pages.

A new type of thermonuclear micro - projectile (reactor) is proposed. The idea is to disperse the micro-capsule (10-4 g.) contained thermonuclear fuel to an energy in excess of 104 eV by collision with a solid material obstacle, thereby causing a micro-thermonuclear explosion. Ways of its use in protection against space rockets, in military science, peace power and transport are offered.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[431] viXra:1909.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 22:53:33

Why the Moon is Turned One Side to the Earth.

Authors: Genrih Leonidovich Arutyunov
Comments: 1 Page.

The moon does not have its own rotation, the moon moves like a normal satellite, so it is always turned one side towards the earth. And therefore, in one revolution around the Earth, the Moon makes one revolution around its axis.
Category: Astrophysics

[430] viXra:1909.0473 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-24 21:05:39

Formula of ζ Even-Numbers

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 16 Pages.

I published the odd value formula for ζ, but I realized that this was true even when it was even. Therefore, it will be announced.
Category: Number Theory

[429] viXra:1909.0472 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-24 03:12:11

Was the Light Speed Problem Really Solved by Einstein in 1905 ?

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 17 Pages.

I will try to invalidate the theory of relativity by presenting a compelling alternative theory. I hope that criticism of Einstein's theories will not be seen as offense.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[428] viXra:1909.0471 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 05:16:28

Galactic Rotation Curves and Spiral Form

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 4 Pages. The two problems in the title are listed as unsolved problems in physics.

The two problems in the title, concerning massive core galaxies, unexplained by the original gravity law of Newton, are normal features according to the same law Relative-Velocity Dependence completed,thus—among other hypotheses—the dark matter is no longer necessary. Keywords: spiral galaxy; rotation curve; dark matter; interactions relative-velocity dependence; gravitational refractive index; black captor/hole; atom radius.
Category: Astrophysics

[427] viXra:1909.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 06:56:53

Refutation of Ceers (Computably Enumerable Equivalence Relations)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate definitions from two papers of computably enumerable equivalence relations (ceers) as not equivalent, not tautologous, and not computably reducible. This refutes ceers as a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[426] viXra:1909.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 07:00:20

Refutation of Examples of Monotonicity

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate antecedents and consequents of four disjunctions of monotonicity in the system Natural Logic. The conjecture that these claim different interpretations for disjunction is refuted. The claims form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[425] viXra:1909.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 07:49:51

Magnetism and Weyl Semimetals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

These materials-magnetic Weyl semi-metals-are innately quantum but bridge the two worlds of topology and spintronics. [25] Weyl fermions are novel particles that were predicted to be seen in high-energy physics experiments but have not been observed. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[424] viXra:1909.0467 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 08:14:27

Crucial Plasma Pressure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

A key requirement for future facilities that aim to capture and control on Earth the fusion energy that drives the sun and stars is accurate predictions of the pressure of the plasma-the hot, charged gas that fuels fusion reactions inside doughnut-shaped tokamaks that house the reactions. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[423] viXra:1909.0466 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 09:05:55

Measurement of Nano-Structured Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Structured laser light has already opened up various different applications: it allows for precise material machining, trapping, manipulating or defined movement of small particles or cell compartments, as well as increasing the bandwidth for next-generation intelligent computing. [44] How long the battery of your phone or computer lasts depends on how many lithium ions can be stored in the battery's negative electrode material. [43] As if they were bubbles expanding in a just-opened bottle of champagne, tiny circular regions of magnetism can be rapidly enlarged to provide a precise method of measuring the magnetic properties of nanoparticles. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[422] viXra:1909.0465 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 09:24:33

ZnS Scintillation Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Detectors for reflectometry need to detect a lot of neutrons in a very short space of time. This means they need to be designed with very high count rate capabilities. [28] Quantum dots, semiconductor crystals with distinctive conductive properties, could be good candidates for thermoelectric generation, as their discrete resonant levels provide excellent energy filters. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[421] viXra:1909.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 09:40:13

Signal-To-Background Ratio

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A good signal-to-background ratio is essential for a successful outcome to a neutron experiment. [32] An international team of researchers has observed that local thermal perturbations of spins in a solid can convert heat to energy even in a paramagnetic material-where spins weren't thought to correlate long enough to do so. [31] Recent discoveries in high Tc superconductors have resulted in an intense interest in a "pair-density wave" (PDW) formed in Cooper pairs (an electron pair bound together at low temperatures), although there is little theoretical understanding on the driving mechanisms of this exotic state. [30] Researchers at Northeast Normal University, in China, and University of the Basque Country, in Spain, have recently carried out a study investigating the superconducting transition of electrides. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[420] viXra:1909.0463 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 09:47:33

Theoretical Value for Gravitational Constant

Authors: Richard L. Marker
Comments: 18 Pages.

This paper develops the theoretical ratio of the gravitational force to electromagnetic force between two electrons. The resulting ratio produces a gravitational constant with the precision of electromagnetic constants.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[419] viXra:1909.0462 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 12:38:14

Quantum Charge Teleportation for the One Quantum Tablet Per Child Project

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract: A charge pump based macroscopic quantum tunneling device for energy teleportation from a micro grid is described for use with the quantum tablet designed for the e-paper version of the one quantum tablet per child. The promise of inexpensive e-paper is possible only with the quantum internet to the cloud and the use of teleported power, for true mobility. In this paper the author compares, many opposing theories of electron mobility and teleportation, quantum teleportation is compared to macroscopic quantum tunneling and the creation of charge flow conduits. Keywords: Conduits, Quantum Teleportation, Quantum Tunneling, e-paper, energy teleportation, One Quantum Tablet Per Child, Q-Qi
Category: Quantum Physics

[418] viXra:1909.0461 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-01 10:30:58

Fibonacci's Answer to Primality Testing?

Authors: Julian TP Beauchamp
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this paper, we consider various approaches to primality testing and then ask whether an effective deterministic test for prime numbers can be found in the Fibonacci numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[417] viXra:1909.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 20:35:35

Whole Star Magnetochronology

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is presented a seminal paper on magnetochronology to begin the process of dating stars based on their total magnetic fields as they evolve, total meaning whole body, i.e. thermosphere, to surface to core. All portions of the star evolve and the magnetosphere changes as these features evolve on the star. This is to include all stars in all stages of evolution from white dwarf, to blue giant, to Sun-like stars, red dwarfs, brown dwarfs, Jupiters, greys, Neptunes, post-Neptunes, ocean worlds, Earths and even dead mostly solid stars such as Venus, Mercury and Mars. It is important to establish a beginning paper to build on this concept, as the idea of Sun-like stars with whole body features evolving to becoming Earth-like stars with life is rich with work to be done. In fact, it could be argued that figuring out the ages of stars by their magnetic features can lead to a more well-rounded method for determining how much life is out there. In short, a star’s magnetic field, coupled with isotopic data, gyrochronology, atmospheric composition, mass, orbital parameters around a host, and other factors can lead us to understand why the Earth has such strange surface magnetic features.
Category: Astrophysics

[416] viXra:1909.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 21:20:37

Jagged Islands of Bound Entanglement and Witness-Parameterized Probabilities

Authors: Paul B. Slater
Comments: 44 Pages.

We report several witness-parameterized families of bound-entangled probabilities. Two pertain to the $d=3$ (two-qutrit) and a third to the $d=4$ (two-ququart) subsets analyzed by Hiesmayr and L{\"o}ffler of ``magic" simplices of Bell states that were introduced by Baumgartner, Hiesmayr and Narnhofer. The Hilbert-Schmidt probabilities of positive-partial-transpose (PPT) states--within which we search for bound-entangled states--are $\frac{8 \pi }{27 \sqrt{3}} \approx 0.537422$ ($d=3$) and $\frac{1}{2}+\frac{\log \left(2-\sqrt{3}\right)}{8 \sqrt{3}} \approx 0.404957$ ($d=4$). We obtain bound-entangled probabilities of $-\frac{4}{9}+\frac{4 \pi }{27 \sqrt{3}}+\frac{\log (3)}{6} \approx 0.00736862$ and $\frac{-204+7 \log (7)+168 \sqrt{3} \cos ^{-1}\left(\frac{11}{14}\right)}{1134} \approx 0.00325613$ ($d=3$) and $\frac{8 \log (2)}{27}-\frac{59}{288} \approx 0.00051583$ and $\frac{24 \text{csch}^{-1}\left(\frac{8}{\sqrt{17}}\right)}{17 \sqrt{17}}-\frac{91}{544} \approx 0.00218722$ ($d=4$). (For $d=3$, we also obtain $\frac{2}{81} \left(4 \sqrt{3} \pi -21\right) \approx 0.0189035$ based on the realignment criterion.) The families, encompassing these results, are parameterized using generalized Choi and Jafarizadeh-Behzadi-Akbari witnesses. In the $d=3$, analyses, we utilized the mutually unbiased bases (MUB) test of Hiesmayr and L{\"o}ffler, and also the Choi $W^{(+)}$ test. The same bound-entangled probability was achieved with both--the sets (``jagged islands") detected having void intersection. The entanglement (bound and ``non-bound"/``free") probability for each was $\frac{1}{6} \approx 0.16667$, while their union and intersection gave $\frac{2}{9} \approx 0.22222$ and $\frac{1}{9} \approx 0.11111$. Further, we examine generalized Horodecki states, as well as estimating PPT-probabilities of approximately 0.39339 (very well-fitted by $\frac{7 \pi}{25 \sqrt{5}} \approx 0.39338962$) and 0.115732 (conjecturally, $\frac{1}{8}+\frac{\log \left(3-\sqrt{5}\right)}{13 \sqrt{5}} \approx 0.115737$) for the original (8- [two-qutrit] and 15 [two-ququart]-dimensional) magic simplices themselves.
Category: Quantum Physics

[415] viXra:1909.0458 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 00:31:02

An Interesting Insight Into Using [ Ruby Machine Learning Library+qrng+entropy+signal Processing ] Towards co-Designing of Novel [ Hardware/software/firmware ] in the Context of Smart Platforms Based Heterogeneous Environments to Probe Circadian Rhythms

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Interesting Insight into Using [ Ruby Machine learning Library+QRNG+Entropy+Signal Processing ] towards Co-Designing of Novel [ Hardware/Software/Firmware ] in the Context of Smart Platforms based Heterogeneous Environments to Probe Circadian Rhythms[CR] +Data. [ Exploring Testing of Pin Configurations + Firmware Using Above Mentioned Concepts ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[414] viXra:1909.0456 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 02:26:58

On the Ramanujan’s Fundamental Formula for Obtain a Highly Precise Golden Ratio: Mathematical Connections with Black Holes Entropies and Like-Particle Solutions

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 79 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various and interesting new mathematical connections concerning the fundamental Ramanujan’s formula to obtain a highly precise golden ratio, some sectors of Particle Physics and Black Holes entropies.
Category: Number Theory

[413] viXra:1909.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 03:29:28

The Essential Papakonstantinidis

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 10 Pages.

NEW ECONOMIC BARGAINING/World-NET -presentation-
Category: Social Science

[412] viXra:1909.0453 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 04:17:29

Atomic-Scale Sieve

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Graphene is perfectly selective to protons and blocks even smallest ions like chlorine, University of Manchester research shows. [45] Structured laser light has already opened up various different applications: it allows for precise material machining, trapping, manipulating or defined movement of small particles or cell compartments, as well as increasing the bandwidth for next-generation intelligent computing. [44] How long the battery of your phone or computer lasts depends on how many lithium ions can be stored in the battery's negative electrode material. [43] As if they were bubbles expanding in a just-opened bottle of champagne, tiny circular regions of magnetism can be rapidly enlarged to provide a precise method of measuring the magnetic properties of nanoparticles. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[411] viXra:1909.0452 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 04:30:58

Nanoscale Incandescent Light Source

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

What may be viewed as the world's smallest incandescent lightbulb is shining in a Rice University engineering laboratory with the promise of advances in sensing, photonics and perhaps computing platforms beyond the limitations of silicon. [46] Graphene is perfectly selective to protons and blocks even smallest ions like chlorine, University of Manchester research shows. [45] Structured laser light has already opened up various different applications: it allows for precise material machining, trapping, manipulating or defined movement of small particles or cell compartments, as well as increasing the bandwidth for next-generation intelligent computing. [44]
Category: Condensed Matter

[410] viXra:1909.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 04:40:45

Semiconductor Atomic Sheets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

In Japan Science and Technology Agency's Strategic Basic Research Programs, Associate Professor Toshiaki Kato and Professor Toshiro Kaneko of the Department of Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University succeeded in clarifying a new synthesis mechanism regarding transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD), which are semiconductor atomic sheets having thickness in atomic order. [47] What may be viewed as the world's smallest incandescent lightbulb is shining in a Rice University engineering laboratory with the promise of advances in sensing, photonics and perhaps computing platforms beyond the limitations of silicon. [46]
Category: Condensed Matter

[409] viXra:1909.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 04:50:20

Electric Tech Reverse Baldness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

But reversing baldness could someday be as easy as wearing a hat, thanks to a noninvasive, low-cost hair-growth-stimulating technology developed by engineers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. [48] In Japan Science and Technology Agency's Strategic Basic Research Programs, Associate Professor Toshiaki Kato and Professor Toshiro Kaneko of the Department of Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University succeeded in clarifying a new synthesis mechanism regarding transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD), which are semiconductor atomic sheets having thickness in atomic order. [47]
Category: Physics of Biology

[408] viXra:1909.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 04:59:48

Exosome Therapy of Age-Damaged Skin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

In a proof-of-concept study, researchers from North Carolina State University have shown that exosomes harvested from human skin cells are more effective at repairing sun-damaged skin cells in mice than popular retinol or stem cell-based treatments currently in use. [49]
Category: Physics of Biology

[407] viXra:1909.0448 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 06:49:42

Face Alignment Using a Three Layer Predictor

Authors: Eugene Fox
Comments: 5 Pages.

Face alignment is an important feature for most facial images related algorithms such as expression analysis, face recognition or detection etc. Also, some images lose information due to factors such as occlusion and lighting and it is important to obtain those lost features. This paper proposes an innovative method for automatic face alignment by utilizing deep learning. First, we use second order gaussian derivatives along with RBF-SVM and Adaboost to classify a first layer of landmark points. Next, we use branching based cascaded regression to obtain a second layer of points which is further used as input to a parallel and multi-scale CNN that gives us the complete output. Results showed the algorithm gave excellent results in comparison to state-of-the-art algorithms.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[406] viXra:1909.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 06:52:43

Path of the Particle

Authors: Arnaud Andrieu
Comments: 1 Page.

Here is an attachment to a very simple example of a diagram of the path taken by the particle to explain the structure of our planets. The vector that follows the path of the particle is parallel to the vectors of the gravitational force, and represents the peak of the collapse of the wave function. This model uses the principle of the unique particle vixra.org/abs/1909.0300, where its oscillation lies between singularity (planet center), and quantum decoherence.
Category: Quantum Physics

[405] viXra:1909.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 07:26:54

Classical Elegance of Time Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Structures known as time crystals, which repeat in time the way conventional crystals repeat in space, have recently captured the interest and imagination of researchers across disciplines. [26] Dreamt up by the physics Nobel laureate Frank Wilczek in 2012, the notion of “time crystals” is now moving from theory to experiment – and could also lead to applications such as a new kind of atomic clock. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[404] viXra:1909.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 08:14:33

Particle Detector on a Plane

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

You may have observed airplane passengers accompanied by pets or even musical instruments on flights. But have you ever been seated next to a particle detector? [27] Structures known as time crystals, which repeat in time the way conventional crystals repeat in space, have recently captured the interest and imagination of researchers across disciplines. [26] Dreamt up by the physics Nobel laureate Frank Wilczek in 2012, the notion of “time crystals” is now moving from theory to experiment – and could also lead to applications such as a new kind of atomic clock. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[403] viXra:1909.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 09:08:57

Quantum Dot Energy Harvester

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Quantum dots, semiconductor crystals with distinctive conductive properties, could be good candidates for thermoelectric generation, as their discrete resonant levels provide excellent energy filters. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[402] viXra:1909.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 09:36:46

Laser Under Your Skin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

A highly specialist laser capable of analyzing potentially deadly diseases as never before is under development at Heriot-Watt University. [47] Laser-induced graphene (LIG), a flaky foam of the atom-thick carbon, has many interesting properties on its own but gains new powers as part of a composite. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz “could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates,” Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[401] viXra:1909.0442 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 10:15:22

Milliseconds HD Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

They can make tiny cell structures visible: cutting-edge light microscopes offer resolutions of a few tenths of a nanometer—in other words, a millionth of a millimeter. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[400] viXra:1909.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 10:51:04

ANN-based Shear Capacity of Steel Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Beams Without Stirrups

Authors: M. Abambres, E. Lantsoght
Comments: Pages.

Comparing experimental results on the shear capacity of steel fiber-reinforced concrete (SFRC) beams without mild steel stirrups, to the ones predicted by current design equations and other available formulations, still shows significant differences. In this paper we propose the use of artificial intelligence to estimate the shear capacity of these members. A database of 430 test results reported in the literature is used to develop an artificial neural network-based formula that predicts the shear capacity of SFRC beams without shear reinforcement. The proposed model yields maximum and mean relative errors of 0.0% for the 430 data points, which represents a better prediction (mean Vtest / VANN = 1.00 with a coefficient of variation of 1E-15) than the existing expressions, where the best model yields a mean value of Vtest / Vpred = 1.01 and a coefficient of variation of 27%.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[399] viXra:1909.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 12:21:49

Definition of the DIRECTION

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

One of the initial or primary concepts considered as the "simplest" (not expressed through other concepts) is considered. The structure of this concept is revealed. Algebraic and geometric consequences are found.
Category: Classical Physics

[398] viXra:1909.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 12:25:01

Number and Arithmetic Operation

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The meaning (logical content) of the concept of numbers is revealed. Arithmetic operations are defined.
Category: General Mathematics

[397] viXra:1909.0438 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-22 10:12:59

Non-Euclidean Metric Using Geometric Algebra

Authors: Jesus Sanchez
Comments: 32 Pages.

The Geometric Algebra is a tool that can be used in different disciplines in Mathematics and Physics. In this paper, it will be used to show how the information of the Non-Euclidean metric in a curved space, can be included in the basis vectors of that space. Not needing any external (out of the metric) coordinate system and not needing to normalize or to make orthogonal the basis, to be able to operate in a simple manner. The different types of derivatives of these basis vectors will be shown. In a future revision, the Schwarzschild metric will be calculated just taking the derivatives of the basis vectors to obtain the geodesics in that space. As Annex, future developments regarding GA are commented: rigid body dynamics, Electromagnetic field, hidden variables in quantum mechanics, specificities of time basis vector, 4π geometry (spin 1/2) and generalization of the Fourier Transform.
Category: Geometry

[396] viXra:1909.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 13:45:29

I am Very Interested in Whether or not You Are Related to the Physical Chemist Josiah Willard Gibbs of Yale University

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page. JW Gibbs was a very important man to my father especially.

Abstract: If you were, the answer to this question determines why I was able to publish my 105 short notes in ViXra without being ridiculed. Thank you very much.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[395] viXra:1909.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 14:13:13

Black-Box Superconducting Circuit Quantization (In Russian)

Authors: Simon E. Nigg, Hanhee Paik, Brian Vlastakis...
Comments: 11 Pages. in Russian

We present a semi-classical method for determining the effective low-energy quantum Hamiltonian of weakly anharmonic superconducting circuits containing mesoscopic Josephson junctions coupled to electromagnetic environments made of an arbitrary combination of distributed and lumped elements. A convenient basis, capturing the multi-mode physics, is given by the quantized eigenmodes of the linearized circuit and is fully determined by a classical linear response function. The method is used to calculate numerically the low-energy spectrum of a 3D-transmon system, and quantitative agreement with measurements is found.
Category: Quantum Physics

[394] viXra:1909.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 17:50:17

Magnetic Moment of an Electron, it's Spin and de Broglie Oscillations.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
Comments: 6 Pages.

Using the idea of de Broglie oscillations in elementary particles, for example, in an electron, it is easy to obtain quantitative values of the magnetic moment of an electron and the electron spin. Based on the oscillations the gyromagnetic ratio is logically explained. The calculations presented in the work once again confirm the reality of the existence of a periodic process in elementary particles, that is, de Broglie oscillations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[393] viXra:1909.0434 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 17:57:36

CMB, A. Einstein's STR, “Nothing” and Big Ben.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
Comments: 8 Pages.

It is shown that the CMB actually refutes the Big Bang theory, since it is an absolute coordinate system, and this is impossible according to A. Einstein's STR. Moreover, a prediction is made about the change in the CMB map over time, since the CMB depends on the gravitational potential at a given point, and taking into account the movement of our galaxy in the Universe, it (potential) will change. Similarly, the concept of “nothing” is analyzed, which is used to explain the expansion of the Universe. The existence of “nothing” is also in insurmountable contradiction with Einstein's STR.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[392] viXra:1909.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 18:05:55

Neutrino Oscillations, Compton Effect and Dynamic Model of a Stationary Universe.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
Comments: 14 Pages.

The mechanism of neutrino oscillations, which are the result of the Compton effect, that is, the scattering of CMB photons by neutrinos, is investigated. The scattering of highenergy photons by neutrinos leads to the formation of neutrons, which opens the way to the synthesis of baryonic matter in the Universe and restores the dynamic model of the stationary Universe. Confirmation of the stationary model of the Universe is the fact of the scattering of galaxies, which in fact is a consequence of the chaotic motion of galaxies in a limited volume. On an unlimited Universe scale, galaxies move randomly and therefore there are no Universe extensions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[391] viXra:1909.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 18:16:11

Transition Theory of An Electron Traveling from Uncertain to Causal Basis

Authors: Satoshi Hanamura
Comments: 5 Pages.

One of Einstein’s most famous quotes is; ‘I am at all events convinced that God does not play dice’. This study attempted to be a conversion of “uncertainty principle” to a “certainty principle.” With the previous electron model, bare electrons moved discretely, and the photons surrounding them moved continuously. In this study, we shall notice the traveling of free electrons with thermal conductance, and how to determine the unique discrete traveling point by using thermal potential energy gradient.
Category: Quantum Physics

[390] viXra:1909.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 19:11:30

Refutation of Interpretability Logic, and Vaught and Adjunctive Set Theory

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate axioms and inference rules of interpretability logics ILM and TOL with none tautologous, making doubtful the claimed completeness. We then turn to Vaught and adjunctive set theory with neither tautologous. These conjectures form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[389] viXra:1909.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 19:29:46

Refutation of Frauchiger-Renner Paradox

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate unique conjunctive combinations of four statements, and as doubles and triples, which are not tautologous. This means the experiment is framed on conjectures for a flawed model and form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[388] viXra:1909.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 20:45:35

The Normalizer of a P-Group

Authors: Henry Wong
Comments: 1 Page.

Group theory
Category: Algebra

[387] viXra:1909.0428 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-01 15:41:09

Braid Logic for Mass Condensation

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 16 Pages.

In quantum logic, the emergence of spacetime and related symmetries goes hand in hand with the emergence of the real and complex numbers themselves. In this paper, we show how finite fields are surprisingly sufficient for most physical questions, once we throw away classical geometrical models in favour of categorical axioms. In particular, generalised Pauli matrix algebras are closely related to braid and ribbon diagrams, and holographic information for mass localisation gains its intuition from algebras for anyon condensation. We discuss definitions of homology and cohomology associated to braids, recalling the twistor construction of massive solutions in H2.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[386] viXra:1909.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 21:50:06

On Magnetic Entanglement

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 1 Page.

An illustration of Magnetic Entanglement
Category: Quantum Physics

[385] viXra:1909.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 03:22:37

Heart and Brain Activity Sensors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

"Sensors with an integrated power supply in such small sizes are also exciting for applications in the area of the Internet of Things, which connects decentralised, autonomous electronic systems," added Adelung. [23] Scientists at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed a technique to observe how radiation damages molecules over time frames of just one quadrillionth of a second-or a femtosecond. [22] DNA forensics is a powerful tool, yet it presents a computational scaling problem when it is improved and expanded for complex samples (those containing DNA from more than one individual) and kinship analysis. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18] The DNA molecules are chiral, which means they can exist in two forms which are mirror images, like a left and right hand. The phenomenon was dubbed "chiral induced spin selectivity" (CISS), and over the last few years, several experiments were published allegedly showing this CISS effect, even in electronic devices. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Physics of Biology

[384] viXra:1909.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 03:48:47

MR-Guidance in Cancer Radiotherapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

"We encourage our prostate cancer patients to elect this treatment, but if they are not suitable candidates for MRgRT, or do not wish to travel to Amsterdam to VUmc, they receive more fractionated radiotherapy, 20 fractions of 3 Gy, after gold fiducials have been implanted." [23] Scientists at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed a technique to observe how radiation damages molecules over time frames of just one quadrillionth of a second-or a femtosecond. [22] DNA forensics is a powerful tool, yet it presents a computational scaling problem when it is improved and expanded for complex samples (those containing DNA from more than one individual) and kinship analysis. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18] The DNA molecules are chiral, which means they can exist in two forms which are mirror images, like a left and right hand. The phenomenon was dubbed "chiral induced spin selectivity" (CISS), and over the last few years, several experiments were published allegedly showing this CISS effect, even in electronic devices. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Physics of Biology

[383] viXra:1909.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 04:04:15

Data Storage in DNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Scientists from Israel recently demonstrated how this process may become more cost-effective and efficient by introducing more “letters” to the DNA “alphabet”. [18] Globally, biodiversity is concentrated around the equator, but the scientific institutions generating DNA sequence data to study that biodiversity tend to be clustered in developed countries toward the poles. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Physics of Biology

[382] viXra:1909.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 04:24:17

Nanoparticles Made by Bacteria

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Webster and his colleagues are using bacteria to produce nanoparticles, metallic particles that are between one and 100 nanometers wide. [23] Scientists at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed a technique to observe how radiation damages molecules over time frames of just one quadrillionth of a second-or a femtosecond. [22] DNA forensics is a powerful tool, yet it presents a computational scaling problem when it is improved and expanded for complex samples (those containing DNA from more than one individual) and kinship analysis. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18] The DNA molecules are chiral, which means they can exist in two forms which are mirror images, like a left and right hand. The phenomenon was dubbed "chiral induced spin selectivity" (CISS), and over the last few years, several experiments were published allegedly showing this CISS effect, even in electronic devices. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14]
Category: Physics of Biology

[381] viXra:1909.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 04:40:27

Nanochains Increase Battery Capacity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

How long the battery of your phone or computer lasts depends on how many lithium ions can be stored in the battery's negative electrode material. [43] As if they were bubbles expanding in a just-opened bottle of champagne, tiny circular regions of magnetism can be rapidly enlarged to provide a precise method of measuring the magnetic properties of nanoparticles. [42] Antennas made of carbon nanotube films are just as efficient as copper for wireless applications, according to researchers at Rice University's Brown School of Engineering. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[380] viXra:1909.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 07:58:13

Successions and Series

Authors: Viola Maria Grazia
Comments: Pages. Successions are successions with positive terms

In this pdf there is my point of view about successions and series. I talk about when a succession (and so a serie) is said convergent making attention to the succession's definition.
Category: General Mathematics

[379] viXra:1909.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-25 16:23:58

On the Emergence of Spacetime Dimensions from the Kolmogorov Entropy

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 5 Pages.

This short pedagogical report is based on a couple of premises. First, it was recently shown that the long run of non-equilibrium Renormalization Group flows is prone to end up on strange attractors. As a result, multifractals are likely to provide the proper framework for the characterization of effective field theories. Secondly, it is known that multifractal analysis uses the Kolmogorov entropy (K-entropy) to quantify the degree of disorder in chaotic systems and turbulent flows. Building on these premises, the report details the remarkable connection between K-entropy, multifractal sets and spacetime dimensions. It also supports the proposal that near and above the Fermi scale, spacetime is defined by continuous and arbitrarily small deviations from four-dimensions.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[378] viXra:1909.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 09:29:08

Quantum Photonic Computing Chips

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Now, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology have coaxed photons into interacting with one another with unprecedented efficiency-a key advance toward realizing long-awaited quantum optics technologies for computing, communication and remote sensing. [28] An international team of researchers, affiliated with UNIST has presented a core technology for quantum photonic devices used in quantum information processing. They have proposed combining of quantum dots for generating light and silicon photonic technologies for manipulating light on a single device. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[377] viXra:1909.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-22 02:36:40

The Magic Fermion Repelling Stringy Fuzzball Black Hole, the Origin of a Cyclic Raspberry Multiverse.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 55 Pages.

This consciousness theory of everything, also called Quantum FFF Theory, (FFF = Function Follows Form) is a semi classical theory based on a symmetrical Big Bang into 8 or 12 Charge Parity (CP) symmetric copy universes. However such a cyclic multiverse seems to be only possible with special ingredients, 1: a propeller shaped fermion able transform by collision and spin in two pitch directions. 2: A compact String knot based dark matter Fuzzball black hole with enough rigid string content, to become stable against the fierce oscillations of the oscillating vacuum lattice and repelling all spinning Fermions. but not other black hole nuclei or photons. As a result, The Quantum FFF Theory is a semi classical theory because it describes reality by the real collision and shape transformation processes of real sub quantum rigid stringy multiverse entangled particles. Each particle is supposed to be conscious by its entanglement with 8 or 12 CP symmetric copy particles located inside 8 or 12 Charge Parity (CP) symmetric universal bubbles at long distance in raspberry shape.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[376] viXra:1909.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 09:59:47

Soundwaves Search Big Data

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

"Light lasers and single photons are part of the field photonics, but soundwaves fall under the umbrella of phononics, or the study of phonons," Deymier said. [29] Now, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology have coaxed photons into interacting with one another with unprecedented efficiency-a key advance toward realizing long-awaited quantum optics technologies for computing, communication and remote sensing. [28] An international team of researchers, affiliated with UNIST has presented a core technology for quantum photonic devices used in quantum information processing. They have proposed combining of quantum dots for generating light and silicon photonic technologies for manipulating light on a single device. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[375] viXra:1909.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 10:47:55

Plasma Flow Explain Sunspots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

For 400 years people have tracked sunspots, the dark patches that appear for weeks at a time on the sun's surface. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41]
Category: Astrophysics

[374] viXra:1909.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 11:06:09

Brain-Computer Interfaces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

It sounds like science fiction: controlling electronic devices with brain waves. But researchers have developed a new type of electroencephalogram (EEG) electrode that can do just that, without the sticky gel required for conventional electrodes. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[373] viXra:1909.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 11:22:04

DNA Microcapsules with Ion Channels

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

A Research group led by Tokyo Tech reports a way of constructing DNA-based microcapsules that hold great promise for the development of new functional materials and devices. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are now able to see greater details of DNA origami nanostructures, which will lead to a greater understanding and control of their assembly for future applications. [19] Nanocages are highly interesting molecular constructs, from the point of view of both fundamental science and possible applications. [18] DNA flows inside a cell's nucleus in a choreographed line dance, new simulations reveal. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[372] viXra:1909.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 13:02:12

From Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions to Black Hole Entropies and Particle Physics: Symmetry, Supersymmetry and Golden Ratio

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 151 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various interesting new mathematical connections concerning the Ramanujan’s mock theta functions, some like-particle solutions, Supersymmetry, some formulas of Haramein’s Theory and Black Holes entropies. We obtain excellent approximations to the values of the golden ratio, its conjugate and ζ(2)
Category: Mathematical Physics

[371] viXra:1909.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 13:22:46

Refutation of a Modal Logic for Supervised Learning

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate ten conjectures which are not tautologous, and with four as contradictory. This refutes the approach and models of modal logic for supervised learning as a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[370] viXra:1909.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 15:34:57

Naturalness Revisited: not Spacetime, But Rather Spacephase

Authors: Peter Cameron
Comments: Pages.

What defines the boundary of a quantum system is phase coherence, not time coherence. Time is the same for all three spatial degrees of freedom in flat 4D Minkowski spacetime. However, in the quantum mechanics of wavefunctions in 3D space, phases of wavefunction components are not necessarily the same in all three orientations. Consequently, the S-matrix generated by the geometric Clifford product of two 3D wavefunctions exists not in 4D spacetime, but rather in 6D `spacephase'.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[369] viXra:1909.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 22:37:10

Liquid Universe and Gravitational Wave

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 32 Pages. 4 Figure; 1 Table; Including Russian abstract and Chinese Version

According to the universe model based on virtual space-time physics, the universe has two states, liquid and gaseous. The current universe is in a state of liquid universe. This can be supported by some important observational evidence. The liquid universe theory predicts that microwave background radiation and cosmic rays are gases that the liquid universe naturally evaporates, the temperatures of the two should be equal. At present, there are many research results of hydroacoustic theories in related disciplines, so we can use some hydroacoustic theories to deal with the propagation of gravitational waves in the liquid universe, and we can get some inspiring conclusions. This provides a broader theoretical support for us to study and discuss some important laws of gravitational waves in more detail. This paper gives a rough estimate of the gravitational wave data generated by the huge mass of the center of the Milky Way. It is found that the radiation of the gravitational wave in the center of the Milky Way can be used to explain the periodic variation of sunspots.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[368] viXra:1909.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 01:02:49

Implementation of Python Based Ehr/emr Software Prototyping Informatics Framework – a Novel & Simple Algorithm Using Spacy+theorem Prover+data Bases+qrng Concepts+deep Learning Methods.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Implementation of Python based EHR/EMR Software Prototyping Informatics Framework – A Novel & Simple Algorithm Using spaCy+Theorem Prover+Data Bases+QRNG Concepts+Deep Learning Methods.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[367] viXra:1909.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 01:17:28

My Research Hypotheses

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 21 Pages.

During 2013-2019 I have studied the solar system geometry. Based on this study I have formed the following 5 basic hypotheses: Hypothesis No.1 Solar System is One building (or one machine) and each planet is a part of this same building. Hypothesis No.2 Solar System moves as a train. i.e. A train moves with all its carriages together, similar to that – Solar Planets move together as one train in one unified motion (i.e. No Planet moves individually or independently from other planets motions) Hypothesis No.3 Planet motion for 1 solar day depends on energy of light motion for 1 second period – that means – Planet moves following light motion – i.e. – Planet motion shows double motions – (1st) Light Motion (2nd) Its Follower Planet Motion Hypothesis No.4 Solar System Unified Motion depends On Solar Day Period Hypothesis No.5 Matter Creation process depends on solar day period of time – that means – Matter creation process depends on the time as one of its main components In this paper I try to explain these 5 hypotheses and provide short proves for them
Category: Astrophysics

[366] viXra:1909.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 03:08:41

Relativistic Quantum Bridge

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Quantum mechanics and the general theory of relativity form the bedrock of the current understanding of physics-yet the two theories don't seem to work together. [48] Physicists from Professor Johannes Fink's research group at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) have found a way to use a mechanical oscillator to produce entangled radiation. [47] The key to ghost imaging is to use two or more correlated beams of particles. [46] Physicists at the University of Alberta in Canada have developed a new way to build quantum memories, a method for storing delicate quantum information encoded into pulses of light. [45] Now, an Australian research team has experimentally realised a crucial combination of these capabilities on a silicon chip, bringing the dream of a universal quantum computer closer to reality. [44] A theoretical concept to realize quantum information processing has been developed by Professor Guido Burkard and his team of physicists at the University of Konstanz. [43] As the number of hacks and security breaches rapidly climbs, scientists say there may be a way to make a truly unhackable network by using the laws of quantum physics. [42] This world-first nanophotonic device, just unveiled in Nature Communications, encodes more data and processes it much faster than conventional fiber optics by using a special form of 'twisted' light. [41] Purdue University researchers created a new technique that would increase the secret bit rate 100-fold, to over 35 million photons per second. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39]
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[365] viXra:1909.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 03:59:53

Electrons in Magnetic Material

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

An international team of researchers led by scientists at Princeton University has found that a magnetic material at room temperature enables electrons to behave counterintuitively, acting collectively rather than as individuals. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[364] viXra:1909.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 04:33:09

Radiation Damage Observation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Scientists at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed a technique to observe how radiation damages molecules over time frames of just one quadrillionth of a second-or a femtosecond. [22] DNA forensics is a powerful tool, yet it presents a computational scaling problem when it is improved and expanded for complex samples (those containing DNA from more than one individual) and kinship analysis. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18] The DNA molecules are chiral, which means they can exist in two forms which are mirror images, like a left and right hand. The phenomenon was dubbed "chiral induced spin selectivity" (CISS), and over the last few years, several experiments were published allegedly showing this CISS effect, even in electronic devices. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14]
Category: Physics of Biology

[363] viXra:1909.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 04:58:28

Kinetic Plasma Instabilities

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Plasmas are susceptible to kinetic instabilities when the velocity distribution of its constituent plasma electrons, ions or both becomes nonthermal. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[362] viXra:1909.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 05:07:10

A Classification of Relativity

Authors: Vu B Ho
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this work we discuss the possibility to classify relativity in accordance with the classification of second order partial differential equations that have been applied into the formulation of physical laws in physics. In mathematics, second order partial differential equations can be classified into hyperbolic, elliptic or parabolic type, therefore we show that it is also possible to classify relativity accordingly into hyperbolic, elliptic or parabolic type by establishing coordinate transformations that preserve the forms of these second order partial differential equations. The coordinate transformation that preserves the form of the hyperbolic equation is the Lorentz transformation and the associated space is the hyperbolic, or pseudo-Euclidean, relativistic spacetime. Typical equations in physics that comply with hyperbolic relativity are Maxwell and Dirac equations. The coordinate transformation that preserves the form of the elliptic equation is the modified Lorentz transformation that we have formulated in our work on Euclidean relativity and the associated space is the elliptic, or Euclidean, relativistic spacetime. Typical equations in physics that comply with elliptic relativity are the equations that describe the subfields of Maxwell and Dirac equations. And the coordinate transformation that preserves the form of the parabolic equation is the Euclidean transformation consisting of the translation and rotation in the spatial space and the associated space is the parabolic relativistic spacetime, which is a Euclidean space with a universal time. Typical equations in physics that comply with parabolic relativity are the diffusion equation, the Schrödinger equation and in particular the diffusion equations that are derived from the four-current defined in terms of the differentiable structures of the spacetime manifold and the Ricci flow.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[361] viXra:1909.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 05:14:20

Topological Phases of Optical Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

A new study published in Nature Communications describes how optical reciprocity can be broken using insights from topological physics. [26] Topology is a global aspect of materials, leading to fundamental new properties for compounds with large relativistic effects. [25] Weyl fermions are novel particles that were predicted to be seen in high-energy physics experiments but have not been observed. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Condensed Matter

[360] viXra:1909.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 05:49:34

Remarks on Newtonian Dynamics, Aether, Cosmic Core and Quantized Redshift Phenomen

Authors: Victor Christianto, Robert Neil Boyd, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 13 Pages. This paper has been submitted to a physics journal. Your comments are welcome

This paper shortly reviews the links among Aether, Newtonian dynamics, galactic core and plasma double layers. It is hoped that we can sketch an argument for the origin of Tifft’s quantized redshift phenomena, a known puzzle for astronomers.
Category: Astrophysics

[359] viXra:1909.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 06:00:27

Unboxing AI - Radiological Insights Into a Deep Neural Network for Lung Nodule Characterization

Authors: Vasantha Kumar Venugopal, Kiran Vaidhya, Abhijith Chundur, Vidur Mahajan, Murali Murugavel, Suthirth Vaidya, Digvijay Mahra, Akshay Rangasai, Harsh Mahajan
Comments: 18 Pages.

Rationale and Objectives: To explain predictions of a deep residual convolutional network for characterization of lung nodule by analyzing heat maps Materials and Methods A 20-layer deep residual CNN was trained on 1245 Chest CTs from NLST trial to predict the malignancy risk of a nodule. We used occlusion to systematically block regions of a nodule and map drops in malignancy risk score to generate clinical attribution heatmaps on 103 nodules from LIDC-IDRI dataset, which were analyzed by a thoracic radiologist. The features were described as heat inside nodule (IH)-bright areas inside nodule, peripheral heat (PH)-continuous/interrupted bright areas along nodule contours, heat in adjacent plane (AH)-brightness in scan planes juxtaposed with the nodule, satellite heat (SH)- a smaller bright spot in proximity to nodule in the same scan plane, heat map larger than nodule (LH)-bright areas corresponding to the shape of the nodule seen outside the nodule margins and heat in calcification (CH) Results These six features were assigned binary values. This feature vector was fed into a standard J48 decision tree with 10-fold cross-validation, which gave an 85 % weighted classification accuracy with a 77.8 %TP rate, 8% FP rate for benign cases and 91.8% TP and 22.2 %FP rates for malignant cases. IH was more frequently observed in nodules classified as malignant whereas PH, AH, and SH were more commonly seen in nodules classified as benign. Conclusion We discuss the potential ability of a radiologist to visually parse the deep learning algorithm-generated 'heat map' to identify features aiding classification
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[358] viXra:1909.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 06:07:49

Resolving Schrodinger's Cat, Wigner's Friend and Frauchiger-Renner's Paradoxes at a Single-Quantum Level

Authors: N Gurappa
Comments: 12 pages, 1 figure

Schrodinger's cat and Wigner's friend paradoxes are analyzed using the `wave-particle non-dualistic interpretation of quantum mechanics at a single-quantum level' and are shown to be non-paradoxes within the quantum formalism. Then, the extended version of Wigner's friend thought experiment, proposed in a recent article titled, ``Quantum theory cannot consistently describe the use of itself '', Nature Communications {\bf 9}, 3711 (2018), by Frauchiger and Renner (FR) is considered. In quantum mechanics, it's well-known that, statistically observing a large number of identical quantum systems at some particular quantum state, which results in Born's probability, and merely inferring its presence in the same quantum state with the same probability yield distinct physical phenomena. If this fact is not taken care while interpreting any experimental outcomes, then FR type paradoxes pop up. ``What an astonishingly self-consistent the Quantum Theory is!' - is explicitly worked out in the case of FR gedankenexperiment. The present work shows the importance of single-quantum phenomenon for the non-paradoxical interpretation of statistically observed experimental outcomes.
Category: Quantum Physics

[357] viXra:1909.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 07:14:06

Real-Time Imaging in Medicine

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A new paper in Nature Photonics from researchers at CU Boulder details impressive improvements in the ability to control the propagation and interaction of light in complex media such as tissue-an area with many potential applications in the medical field. [36] The new microscopes, known as mesoSPIMs, can image the minute detail of brain tissue down to individual neurons, and can uncover the 3-D anatomy of entire small organs faster than ever before.
Category: Physics of Biology

[356] viXra:1909.0395 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 07:31:10

Blood Vessels in the Brain

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

A team of researchers from Massachusetts Institute of Technology has designed a new surgical tool that is maneuverable through some of the narrowest twisting networks of blood vessels to help treat stroke and aneurysm. [37] A new paper in Nature Photonics from researchers at CU Boulder details impressive improvements in the ability to control the propagation and interaction of light in complex media such as tissue-an area with many potential applications in the medical field. [36] The new microscopes, known as mesoSPIMs, can image the minute detail of brain tissue down to individual neurons, and can uncover the 3-D anatomy of entire small organs faster than ever before. [35] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [34] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have replicated one of the most well-known electromagnetic effects in physics, the Hall Effect, using radio waves (photons) instead of electric current (electrons). [33] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28]
Category: Physics of Biology

[355] viXra:1909.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 07:50:05

Law of Inertia

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Misconception of the First Law of Motion, so called the Newton's First Law or the Galileo's Law of Inertia, is revealed.
Category: Classical Physics

[354] viXra:1909.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 07:52:16

Irrational Number Problem

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

A solution to the irrational numbers problem is proposed
Category: Classical Physics

[353] viXra:1909.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 08:02:33

Artificial Intelligence Probes Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A team of physicists and computer scientists at ETH Zurich has developed a new approach to the problem of dark matter and dark energy in the universe. Using machine learning tools, they programmed computers to teach themselves how to extract the relevant information from maps of the universe. [31] These results, important for the construction of new theoretical models and for the development of new hypotheses about the nature of dark matter, offer much more precise indications for tracing the intricate path to understanding one of the largest mysteries of the cosmos. [30] New research lends further support to the idea that a detection of surprisingly strong absorption by primordial hydrogen gas, reported earlier this year, could be evidence of dark matter. [29] Physicists in Italy are about to start up a new experiment designed to hunt for hypothetical particles such as the "dark photon" and carriers of a possible fifth force of nature. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[352] viXra:1909.0391 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 08:22:30

Explore Dark Matter with Lasers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

"If we can detect axions and say for sure they are dark matter, it would be a truly exciting event indeed. It's what physicists like us dream for." [32] A team of physicists and computer scientists at ETH Zurich has developed a new approach to the problem of dark matter and dark energy in the universe. Using machine learning tools, they programmed computers to teach themselves how to extract the relevant information from maps of the universe. [31] These results, important for the construction of new theoretical models and for the development of new hypotheses about the nature of dark matter, offer much more precise indications for tracing the intricate path to understanding one of the largest mysteries of the cosmos. [30] New research lends further support to the idea that a detection of surprisingly strong absorption by primordial hydrogen gas, reported earlier this year, could be evidence of dark matter. [29] Physicists in Italy are about to start up a new experiment designed to hunt for hypothetical particles such as the "dark photon" and carriers of a possible fifth force of nature. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[351] viXra:1909.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 09:09:21

Effect on Black Holes of Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A RUDN University physicist has developed a formula for evaluation of the effect of dark matter on the size of the shadow of a black hole. [31] These results, important for the construction of new theoretical models and for the development of new hypotheses about the nature of dark matter, offer much more precise indications for tracing the intricate path to understanding one of the largest mysteries of the cosmos. [30] New research lends further support to the idea that a detection of surprisingly strong absorption by primordial hydrogen gas, reported earlier this year, could be evidence of dark matter. [29] Physicists in Italy are about to start up a new experiment designed to hunt for hypothetical particles such as the "dark photon" and carriers of a possible fifth force of nature. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24]
Category: Astrophysics

[350] viXra:1909.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 13:02:49

Solar Planet Velocity Analysis (Part 2)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses Hypothesis No. (1) Solar System pushes all planets to move together one unified motion– this motion is similar to train motion, so I call it "Train Motion Concept" – and as the train moves with all carriages one general motion- the solar system pushes all planets to move in one general unified motion.. (Planets Different Velocities can't disprove "Train Motion Concept") Hypothesis No. (2) Solar System Motion depends on Solar Day Period as its main unit of time Hypothesis No. (3) Matter depends on Solar Day Period To Be Created
Category: Astrophysics

[349] viXra:1909.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 13:02:57

Poor Man's Qubit

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

Engineers at Purdue University and Tohoku University in Japan have built the first hardware to demonstrate how the fundamental units of what would be a probabilistic computer—called p-bits—are capable of performing a calculation that quantum computers would usually be called upon to perform. [42] The advancement could be key to harnessing the potential of the atomic world, eventually leading to breakthroughs in computing, medicine, cryptography, materials science and other applications. [41] Researchers in the Quantum Dynamics Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) devised a new method—called image charge detection—to detect electrons' transitions to quantum states. [40]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[348] viXra:1909.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 13:32:47

Laser Gravitational Wave Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Researchers have announced a prototype for a laser at the heart of the first space-based gravitational wave observatory, known as the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) mission. [20] The gravitational waves created by black holes or neutron stars in the depths of space have been found to reach Earth. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[347] viXra:1909.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 16:46:07

Cloud Formation and the Internal Quantum Principle of Nature

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper I dismantle 2,400 years of cloud formation science and introduce you to the Internal Quantum Principle of Nature, or the means by which nature acts, that is, from the inside out. I introduce you to the knowledge of an internal power that causes the main motions and alterations of atoms rather then those said alterations stemming from external accidental causes. It is hereto stated that Nature acts and moves by a force from inside Matter that is invisible to the senses and measurements, this force is only perceived by the actions it accomplishes and approached though extensive contemplation fit only for the sharpest of Minds.
Category: Quantum Physics

[346] viXra:1909.0385 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-29 23:13:57

Formula of ζ Odd-Numbers

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 33 Pages.

I tried to find a new expression for zeta odd-numbers. It may be a new expression and will be published here. The correctness of this formula was confirmed by WolframAlpha to be numerically com- pletely correct.
Category: Number Theory

[345] viXra:1909.0384 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-23 03:33:35

ζ(4), ζ(6).......ζ(108), ζ(110) Are Irrational Number

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 9 Pages.

ζ(4), ζ(6).......ζ(108), ζ(110) considered. From these equations, it can be said that ζ(4),ζ(6).......ζ(108),ζ(110) are irrational numbers. ζ(112),ζ(114) etc. can also be expressed by these equations. Because I use π2, these are to be irrational numbers. The fact that the even value of ζ(2n) is irrational can also be explained by the fact that each even value of ζ(2n) is multiplied by π2.
Category: Number Theory

[344] viXra:1909.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 01:01:48

[ Spacy+imageai+spin Glass Theory+z3 Api ] All in Python Language – an Insight Into the World of Natural Language Processing(nlp) Towards Understanding Informatics of Finite Automata Involving DNA Sequencing & Some Interesting Applications Like Gene Chips

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ spaCy+ImageAI+Spin Glass Theory+Z3 API ] all in Python Language – An Insight into the World of Natural Language Processing(NLP) towards Understanding Informatics of Finite Automata involving DNA Sequencing & Some Interesting Applications like Gene Chips. [ Exploring – NLP+Spin Glass Theory+AI+Theorem Proving in the Context of Developing Next Generation Bio-informatics ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[343] viXra:1909.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 01:29:39

An Analysis of Genesis Using Evolutionary Theory

Authors: MinchanChoi
Comments: 18 Pages. Including both English and Korean

The programmer(Creator) made the world. 300million years ago, a warm-blooded reptile(Adam and Eve) began living in trees to avoid snakes. As the Gymnosperm(tree of life) evolve into the Angiosperm(tree of knowledge of good and evil), the Fine cone became a Fruit. and the warm-blooded reptiles that used to be herbivores on tree(subspecies) evolve into mammals(Eve). They were divided into herbivores and carnivores, but carnivores were unable to adapt and became extinct. sixty-five million years ago, when the K-pg extincion event occurred, a great flood occurred at the location of the african continent. However, the ancestors of Eurachontoglires(Noah), which used to live in wooden houses like beavers to avoid predators has not been extinct. They drift on the ocean. they drifted down to a new volcanic island(Ararat island). The Eurachontogrlires(Noah) were classified as Primates(Shem), Rodents(Ham) and Rabbits(Japheth). Primates(Sem) lived in the forests, but as the forest became desert, they lived on the pasture(13:18). thet became the first human beings(Abram). The human beings used fire(15:17) and began to settle in the spring(16:7). A hairless human beings(Abraham) has emerged. The hairless human race was genetically divided from the previous human being(Abimelech)(20:18) They used tools(21:20), and they became aware of death and the supreme Being(22:1~22:19). They held a funeral(23:1~23:20) Humanity has changed from a hunter-gatherer society (Esau) yo an agrarian society(Jacob).(25:27~25:34) As the agricultural society developed, private property was created. with the creation of private property, it became a class society(Laban).(29:17) From a tribal-centered confederacy(Jacob) to a centralized state where the king rules several tribes(Israel).(35:10~35:12) Egypt concentrated power on pharaoh, sending priest to each city to rule over them. The priest shall receive the land and be paid by pharaoh. The priest served as an official(47:22~47:26).Then Religion and Politics were linked(41:45) Israel divided into twelve administrative districts for various tribe to live together. The Levites of Israel were priests and officals in charge of the cities. Joseph entered Egypt and overcame a cirisis when Israel was a famine. Joseph did much for Israel and was assigned two of the twelve administrative districts.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[342] viXra:1909.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 01:39:59

Heart Contractions and Deformations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Research from the University of Göttingen in Germany suggests existing data from ultrasound imaging can be used to work backwards to reconstruct the underlying electrical causes of arrhythmias. [37] A new paper in Nature Photonics from researchers at CU Boulder details impressive improvements in the ability to control the propagation and interaction of light in complex media such as tissue-an area with many potential applications in the medical field. [36] The new microscopes, known as mesoSPIMs, can image the minute detail of brain tissue down to individual neurons, and can uncover the 3-D anatomy of entire small organs faster than ever before. [35] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [34] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have replicated one of the most well-known electromagnetic effects in physics, the Hall Effect, using radio waves (photons) instead of electric current (electrons). [33] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28]
Category: Physics of Biology

[341] viXra:1909.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 02:49:29

Miniaturizing Medical Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Scientists in Christine Hendon's and Michal Lipson's research groups at Columbia University, New York, have used a microchip to map the back of the eye for disease diagnosis. [38] Research from the University of Göttingen in Germany suggests existing data from ultrasound imaging can be used to work backwards to reconstruct the underlying electrical causes of arrhythmias. [37] A new paper in Nature Photonics from researchers at CU Boulder details impressive improvements in the ability to control the propagation and interaction of light in complex media such as tissue-an area with many potential applications in the medical field. [36] The new microscopes, known as mesoSPIMs, can image the minute detail of brain tissue down to individual neurons, and can uncover the 3-D anatomy of entire small organs faster than ever before. [35] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [34] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have replicated one of the most well-known electromagnetic effects in physics, the Hall Effect, using radio waves (photons) instead of electric current (electrons). [33] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[340] viXra:1909.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 03:00:23

Ultrasound Medical Applications

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

A new ultrasound technique provides a non-invasive way of assessing bone structure on the microscale. Researchers hope to fine-tune the technique for use in assessing osteoporosis risk and treatment. [39] Scientists in Christine Hendon's and Michal Lipson's research groups at Columbia University, New York, have used a microchip to map the back of the eye for disease diagnosis. [38] Research from the University of Göttingen in Germany suggests existing data from ultrasound imaging can be used to work backwards to reconstruct the underlying electrical causes of arrhythmias. [37] A new paper in Nature Photonics from researchers at CU Boulder details impressive improvements in the ability to control the propagation and interaction of light in complex media such as tissue-an area with many potential applications in the medical field. [36] The new microscopes, known as mesoSPIMs, can image the minute detail of brain tissue down to individual neurons, and can uncover the 3-D anatomy of entire small organs faster than ever before. [35] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [34] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have replicated one of the most well-known electromagnetic effects in physics, the Hall Effect, using radio waves (photons) instead of electric current (electrons). [33] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[339] viXra:1909.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 04:18:29

La Conjetura DE Collatz. Orden Y Armonía en Los Números de Las Secuencias.

Authors: Miguel Cerdá Bennassar
Comments: 34 Pages.

Propongo una tabla numérica en la que se demuestra visualmente que las secuencias formadas con el algoritmo de Collatz acaban siempre en el número 1.
Category: Number Theory

[338] viXra:1909.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 04:30:35

On the Physical Nature of the Superposition of States in Quantum Physics.

Authors: V.A. Kuz`menko
Comments: 2 Pages.

The note is devoted to the necessity of experimental study of differential cross sections of forward and reversed quantum processes.
Category: Quantum Physics

[337] viXra:1909.0376 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-24 07:16:46

A Fully Bayesian Solution to K-Sample Tests for Comparison and the Behrens-Fisher Problem Based on the Henstock-Kurzweil Integral

Authors: Fabrice J.P.R. Pautot
Comments: 17 Pages.

We present a simple, fully probabilistic, Bayesian solution to -sample omnibus tests for comparison, with the Behrens-Fisher problem as a special case, which is free from the many defects found in the standard, classical, frequentist, likelihoodist and Bayesian approaches to those problems. We solve the main measure-theoretic difficulty for degenerate problems with continuous parameters of interest and Lebesgue-negligible point null hypothesis by approximating the corresponding continuous random variables by sequences of discrete ones defined on partitions of the parameter spaces and by taking the limit of the prior-to-posterior ratios of the probability of the null hypothesis for the corresponding discrete problems. Those limits are well defined under proper technicalities thanks to the Henstock-Kurzweil integral that is as powerful as the Lebesgue integral but still relies on Riemann sums, which are essential in the present approach. The solutions to the relative continuous problems take the form of Bayes-Poincaré factors that are new objects in Bayesian probability theory and should play a key role in the general theory of point null hypothesis testing, including other important problems such as the Jeffreys-Lindley paradox.
Category: Statistics

[336] viXra:1909.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 07:14:08

Fundamental Matter Probe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Identifying elementary constituents of matter including quarks, bosons and electrons, and the manner by which these particles interact with each other, constitutes one of the greatest challenges in modern physical sciences. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[335] viXra:1909.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 09:49:41

Puzzle of Antineutrino's Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

By understanding neutron production in concert with MINERvA's characterization of antineutrino interactions on many nuclei, future oscillation studies can quantify how undetected neutrons could affect their conclusions about the differences between neutrinos and antineutrinos. [28] An international team of scientists has announced a breakthrough in its quest to measure the mass of the neutrino, one of the most abundant, yet elusive, elementary particles in our universe. [27] In the quest to prove that matter can be produced without antimatter, the GERDA experiment at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory in Italy is looking for signs of neutrinoless double beta decay. [26] The announcement was made during the CHARM 2018 international workshop in Novosibirsk in Russia: a charming moment for this doubly charmed particle. [25] The group, in work published in Physical Review Letters, has now used powerful theoretical and computational tools to predict the existence of a "most strange" dibaryon, made up of two "Omega baryons" that contain three strange quarks each. [24] The nuclear physicists found that the proton's building blocks, the quarks, are subjected to a pressure of 100 decillion Pascal (10 35) near the center of a proton, which is about 10 times greater than the pressure in the heart of a neutron star. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[334] viXra:1909.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 10:21:51

Was Atlantis Situated Opposite of Gadeira (Critias 114 Versus Luke 8:26)?

Authors: Leon Elshout
Comments: 1 Page.

What had Gades in Critias 114 to do with Gadara in Luke 8:26? - leon elshout, 17 september 2019, almelo, aurichalcum (at) protonmail.com - roodgoudvanparvaim.nl
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[333] viXra:1909.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 11:07:43

Dark Energy and the Time Dependence of Fundamental Particle Constants

Authors: Bodo Lampe
Comments: 17 Pages.

The cosmic time dependencies of $G$, $\alpha$, $h$ and of SM parameters like the Higgs vev and elementary particle masses are studied in the framework of a new dark energy interpretation. Due to the associated time variation of rulers, many effects turn out to be invisible. However, a rather large time dependence is claimed to arise in association with dark energy measurements, and smaller ones in connection with the SM.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[332] viXra:1909.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 11:26:07

The Einstein Equations for Exterior Forms

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in french

We propose to replace the smooth functions by the even exterior forms, so making the tensor calculus of forms.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[331] viXra:1909.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 13:19:02

On the Integer Solutions to the Equation X!+x=x^n

Authors: Miika Rankaviita
Comments: 20 Pages. Licencing: CC BY-SA

This thesis explains the solution to the problem of finding all of the integer pair solutions to the equation x!+x=x^n. A detailed explanation is given so that anyone with high school mathematics background can follow the solution. This paper is a translation of my diplom work in Vaasa Lyseo Upper Secondary School.
Category: Number Theory

[330] viXra:1909.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 14:33:15

Resolution in Classical Modal Logic of a Security Barrier Model

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate three states of a security barrier example. For the security barrier as equivalent to the road width, the two cases are staying on the road, or staying on the road or going off of the road. Staying on the road is not a theorem. However staying on the road or going off road is a theorem. For the security barrier as larger than the road width, then staying on the road is effectively enforced as a theorem. This evaluation concludes that casting a problem to substructural epistemic resource logic is an unneeded effort for model resolution. The resolution in classical model logic of a security barrier model relegates the authors’ conjectures to non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[329] viXra:1909.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 15:11:10

Fresnel Drag Formula Derived from Hertz em

Authors: Robert Bennett
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Fresnel drag formula was verified by Fizeau’s water-channel test. SoL = c/n + v(1-1/n2) The theoretical derivation* offered herein supports: •Full aether dragging by fluids – speed of the fluid medium equals the speed of the entrained aether in the lab - Vm = Va •The Hertz EM laws, which replace Maxwell’s partial derivatives with total time derivatives, introducing thereby laws that are Galilean covariant(not Lorentzian)...and an additional parameter, a convective velocity ...of aether, Va. • The kinematic invariants of proper time, using distance and velocity to first order in v/c. •The Fresnel drag equation, as confirmed by Fizeau. The following uses Robert’s Rules of reasoning, based on the scientific method and philo-realism.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[328] viXra:1909.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 19:20:58

Free Quantum Groups and Related Topics

Authors: Teo Banica
Comments: 200 Pages.

The unitary group U_N has a free analogue U_N^+, and the study of the closed subgroups G\subset U_N^+ is a problem of general interest. We review here the general theory of U_N^+ and its subgroups, with all the needed preliminaries included. We discuss as well a number of more advanced topics, selected for their beauty, and potential importance.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[327] viXra:1909.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 21:57:03

Refutation of Axiomatizing Logics of Fuzzy Preferences Using Graded Modalities

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the fuzzy preference relation of the assumed ∧-transitivity theorem as not tautologous, relegating it, along with the subsequent minimal modal logics of a finite residuated lattice and the Bulldozed method, as non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[326] viXra:1909.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 23:30:47

Exploring Ruby Based Bio-informatics R&D Framework Using NLP/BioNLP/SVM/QRNG/HPC/IoT/Mongo DB/BaseX DB Systems & Related Environments – A Novel Multidisciplinary Approach.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Exploring Ruby Based Bio-informatics R&D Framework Using NLP/BioNLP/SVM/QRNG/HPC/IoT/Mongo DB/BaseX DB Systems & Related Environments – A Novel Multidisciplinary Approach. [ Probing Advanced Computational Aspects of Cancer Research With Mathematics ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[325] viXra:1909.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 01:58:16

Quantum States of Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Researchers in the Quantum Dynamics Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) devised a new method—called image charge detection—to detect electrons' transitions to quantum states. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[324] viXra:1909.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 02:50:52

Black Holes Clues to Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

These results, important for the construction of new theoretical models and for the development of new hypotheses about the nature of dark matter, offer much more precise indications for tracing the intricate path to understanding one of the largest mysteries of the cosmos. [30] New research lends further support to the idea that a detection of surprisingly strong absorption by primordial hydrogen gas, reported earlier this year, could be evidence of dark matter. [29] Physicists in Italy are about to start up a new experiment designed to hunt for hypothetical particles such as the "dark photon" and carriers of a possible fifth force of nature. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark
Category: Astrophysics

[323] viXra:1909.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 03:12:30

Solar Planet Velocity Analysis (Revised)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses (1) Planet Velocity shows, Planet Motion is a part of A Greater Motion- (2) Planet Velocity shows, Planets motions are similar to a train motion- it's one unified motion – and as a train moves with its carriages – the solar system moves one general motion with all planets. ("Train Motion Concept") (3) Planets different velocities can't disprove "Train Motion Concept". (4) Space is NOT nothingness but a geometrical player in the solar system geometry (5) Space & Matter are created relative (and complementary) to each other
Category: Astrophysics

[322] viXra:1909.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 03:13:45

Improvements in Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

The advancement could be key to harnessing the potential of the atomic world, eventually leading to breakthroughs in computing, medicine, cryptography, materials science and other applications. [41] Researchers in the Quantum Dynamics Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) devised a new method—called image charge detection—to detect electrons' transitions to quantum states. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[321] viXra:1909.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 06:27:24

Mathematics as Information Compression Via the Matching and Unication of Patterns

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 61 Pages. Accepted for publication in the journal "Complexity", 2019-09-17.

This paper describes a novel perspective on the foundations of mathematics: how mathematics may be seen to be largely about 'information compression (IC) via the matching and unification of patterns' (ICMUP. That is itself a novel approach to IC, couched in terms of non-mathematical primitives, as is necessary in any investigation of the foundations of mathematics. This new perspective on the foundations of mathematics reects the idea that, as an aid to human thinking, mathematics is likely to be consonant with much evidence for the importance of IC in human learning, perception, and cognition. This perspective on the foundations of mathematics has grown out of a long-term programme of research developing the SP Theory of Intelligence and its realisation in the SP Computer Model, a system in which a generalised version of ICMUP -- the powerful concept of SP-multiple-alignment -- plays a central role. The paper shows with an example how mathematics, without any special provision, may achieve compression of information. Then it describes examples showing how variants of ICMUP may be seen in widely-used structures and operations in mathematics. Examples are also given to show how several aspects of the mathematics-related disciplines of logic and computing may be understood as ICMUP. Also discussed is the intimate relation between IC and concepts of probability, witharguments that there are advantages in approaching AI, cognitive science, and concepts of probability via ICMUP. Also discussed is how the close relation between IC and concepts of probability relates to the established view that some parts of mathematics are intrinsically probabilistic, and how that latter view may be reconciled with the all-or-nothing, 'exact', forms of calculation or inference that are familiar in mathematics and logic. There are many potential benefits and applications of the mathematics-as-IC perspective.
Category: General Mathematics

[320] viXra:1909.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 07:17:55

Synthesis of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

A team of scientists from Ural Federal University (Yekaterinburg), Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology and other collaborator have published an article about a new method for the synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles. [53] A Northwestern University research team has developed a new method for making highly desirable catalysts from metal nanoparticles that could lead to better fuel cells, among other applications. [52] Valencia University (UV) researchers have modified the photoconductance of nanoparticles of tungsten oxide (WO3) in a controlled manner. [51] Scientists who study the nanoscale-with molecules and materials 10,000 smaller than a pinhead-need to be able to test the way that some molecules twist, known as their chirality, because mirror image molecules with the same structure can have very different properties. [50] In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44]
Category: Condensed Matter

[319] viXra:1909.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 07:46:01

Sound and Light Waves in Silicon Chips

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

One potential application of such devices is in future cellular networks, widely known as 5G. Digital electronics alone might not be enough to support the signal processing requirements in such networks. Light and sound devices might do the trick. [34] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have replicated one of the most well-known electromagnetic effects in physics, the Hall Effect, using radio waves (photons) instead of electric current (electrons). [33] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[318] viXra:1909.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 08:08:41

Nanoswing Overcomes Thermal Fluctuations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Physicists at AMOLF have managed to cool a swinging, nanosized string to near-zero temperature without using external refrigeration. [35] One potential application of such devices is in future cellular networks, widely known as 5G. Digital electronics alone might not be enough to support the signal processing requirements in such networks. Light and sound devices might do the trick. [34] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have replicated one of the most well-known electromagnetic effects in physics, the Hall Effect, using radio waves (photons) instead of electric current (electrons). [33] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26]
Category: Condensed Matter

[317] viXra:1909.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 08:22:44

Stability of Highly Energetic Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Understanding the physical and chemical characteristics of energetic materials under extreme conditions is crucial for their safe and efficient use. [36] Physicists at AMOLF have managed to cool a swinging, nanosized string to near-zero temperature without using external refrigeration. [35] One potential application of such devices is in future cellular networks, widely known as 5G. Digital electronics alone might not be enough to support the signal processing requirements in such networks. Light and sound devices might do the trick. [34] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have replicated one of the most well-known electromagnetic effects in physics, the Hall Effect, using radio waves (photons) instead of electric current (electrons). [33]
Category: Condensed Matter

[316] viXra:1909.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 10:52:30

Observe Ground State Collisions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[315] viXra:1909.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 11:31:17

Gravity Using Mobile Atom Interferometer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Mobile gravimetry is an important technique in metrology, navigation, geodesy and geophysics. [12] The relationship may even unlock the quantum nature of gravity. "It is among our best clues to understand gravity from a quantum perspective," said Witten. [11] Scientists at the University of British Columbia have proposed a radical new theory to explain the exponentially increasing size of the universe. [10] Researchers playing with a cloud of ultracold atoms uncovered behavior that bears a striking resemblance to the universe in microcosm. [9]
Category: Quantum Physics

[314] viXra:1909.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 12:25:42

Mysteries of Brain Organization

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

The new microscopes, known as mesoSPIMs, can image the minute detail of brain tissue down to individual neurons, and can uncover the 3-D anatomy of entire small organs faster than ever before. [35] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [34] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have replicated one of the most well-known electromagnetic effects in physics, the Hall Effect, using radio waves (photons) instead of electric current (electrons). [33] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[313] viXra:1909.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 12:42:24

Closer to Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

Physicists at Uppsala University in Sweden have identified how to distinguish between true and 'fake' Majorana states in one of the most commonly used experimental setups, by means of supercurrent measurements. [57] A team from Dartmouth College and MIT has designed and conducted the first lab test to successfully detect and characterize a class of complex, "non-Gaussian" noise processes that are routinely encountered in superconducting quantum computing systems. [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[312] viXra:1909.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 12:58:00

Mass Estimate for Elusive Neutrino

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

An international team of scientists has announced a breakthrough in its quest to measure the mass of the neutrino, one of the most abundant, yet elusive, elementary particles in our universe. [27] In the quest to prove that matter can be produced without antimatter, the GERDA experiment at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory in Italy is looking for signs of neutrinoless double beta decay. [26] The announcement was made during the CHARM 2018 international workshop in Novosibirsk in Russia: a charming moment for this doubly charmed particle. [25] The group, in work published in Physical Review Letters, has now used powerful theoretical and computational tools to predict the existence of a "most strange" dibaryon, made up of two "Omega baryons" that contain three strange quarks each. [24] The nuclear physicists found that the proton's building blocks, the quarks, are subjected to a pressure of 100 decillion Pascal (10 35) near the center of a proton, which is about 10 times greater than the pressure in the heart of a neutron star. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been "squeezed" to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by "twisted light" can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[311] viXra:1909.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:38:53

Application of ANN in Pavement Engineering: State-of-Art

Authors: M. Abambres, A. Ferreira
Comments: 61 Pages.

There has been much discussion about the impact and future of artificial intelligence (AI) in our lives and future generations. Many experts even believe that AI will “rule” the world. Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) have provided a convenient and often extremely accurate solution to problems within all fields, and can be seen as advanced general-purpose regression models that try to mimic the behavior of the human brain. The adoption and use of ANN-based methods in the Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide is a clear sign of the successful use of neural nets in geomechanical and pavement systems. This work aims to provide an extensive and detailed state-of-the-art of the application of ANN models to pavement management, materials and design problems. Unlike former review articles published before 2014, this work is more descriptive and makes the review much more appealing to the reader by highlighting numerically and/or graphically the effectiveness and possible drawbacks of each ANN application.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[310] viXra:1909.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:41:13

Neural Network-Based Formula for the Buckling Load Prediction of I-Section Cellular Steel Beams

Authors: M. Abambres, K. Rajana, K. Tsavdaridis, T. Ribeiro
Comments: 50 Pages.

Cellular beams are an attractive option for the steel construction industry due to their versatility in terms of strength, size, and weight. Further benefits are the integration of services thereby reducing ceiling-to-floor depth (thus, building’s height), which has a great economic impact. Moreover, the complex localised and global failures characterizing those members have led several scientists to focus their research on the development of more efficient design guidelines. This paper aims to propose an artificial neural network (ANN)-based formula to estimate the critical elastic buckling load of simply supported cellular beams under uniformly distributed vertical loads. The 3645-point dataset used in ANN design was obtained from an extensive parametric finite element analysis performed in ABAQUS. The independent variables adopted as ANN inputs are the following: beam’s length, opening diameter, web-post width, cross-section height, web thickness, flange width, flange thickness, and the distance between the last opening edge and the end support. The proposed model shows a strong potential as an effective design tool. The maximum and average relative errors among the 3645 data points were found to be 3.7% and 0.4%, respectively, whereas the average computing time per data point is smaller than a millisecond for any current personal computer.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[309] viXra:1909.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:50:21

Neural Network-Based Analytical Model to Predict the Shear Strength of Steel Girders with a Trapezoidal Corrugated Web

Authors: M. Abambres, J. He
Comments: 31 Pages.

Corrugated webs are used to increase the shear stability of steel webs of beam-like members and to eliminate the need of transverse stiffeners. Previously developed formulas for predicting the shear strength of trapezoidal corrugated steel webs, along with the corresponding theory, are summarized. An artificial neural network (ANN)-based model is proposed to estimate the shear strength of steel girders with a trapezoidal corrugated web, and under a concentrated load. 210 test results from previous published research were collected into a database according to relevant test specimen parameters in order to feed the simulated ANNs. Seven (geometrical and material) parameters were identified as input variables and the ultimate shear stress at failure was considered the output variable. The proposed ANN-based analytical model yielded maximum and mean relative errors of 0.0% for the 210 points from the database. Moreover, still based on those points, it was illustrated that the ANN-based model clearly outperforms the other existing analytical models, which yield mean errors larger than 13%.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[308] viXra:1909.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:52:25

Shear Capacity of Headed Studs in Steel-Concrete Structures: Analytical Prediction via Soft Computing

Authors: M. Abambres, J. He
Comments: 29 Pages.

Headed studs are commonly used as shear connectors to transfer longitudinal shear force at the interface between steel and concrete in composite structures (e.g., bridge decks). Code-based equations for predicting the shear capacity of headed studs are summarized. An artificial neural network (ANN)-based analytical model is proposed to estimate the shear capacity of headed steel studs. 234 push-out test results from previous published research were collected into a database in order to feed the simulated ANNs. Three parameters were identified as input variables for the prediction of the headed stud shear force at failure, namely the steel stud tensile strength and diameter, and the concrete (cylinder) compressive strength. The proposed ANN-based analytical model yielded, for all collected data, maximum and mean relative errors of 3.3 % and 0.6 %, respectively. Moreover, it was illustrated that, for that data, the neural network approach clearly outperforms the existing code-based equations, which yield mean errors greater than 13 %.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[307] viXra:1909.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:55:41

Ineffective Obsessions in Brazilian Academia and Proposals Towards Meritocracy

Authors: M. Abambres, T. Ribeiro, A. Sousa, E. Lantsoght
Comments: 18 Pages.

Albeit its constitutional claim for quality, Brazilian academia has largely been referred to as unmeritocratic and academic hiring is still inward-oriented. Lattes platform, a public curricular information system, reflects elements of this protectionism. This article assesses two ‘obsessions’ in Brazilian academia: (i) the ‘mandatory’ Lattes CV, and (ii) the candidates’ assessment criteria in public tenders for faculty positions. Several pros and cons (mostly) of the Lattes platform are identified. The following improvements are proposed: (i) evaluations in public tenders based only on candidate’s CV, interview, and a sample lecture, (ii) the dismissal of Lattes CV as a mandatory format, and (iii) the use of platforms as Microsoft Academic, Google Scholar, ORCID or ResearcherID for curricular information. With these recommendations, Brazil can move towards a more meritocratic academic hiring system.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[306] viXra:1909.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 14:57:55

Research Counts, Not the Journal

Authors: M. Abambres, T. Ribeiro, A. Sousa, E. Lantsoght
Comments: 13 Pages.

‘If there is one thing every bibliometrician agrees, is that you should never use the journal impact factor (JIF) to evaluate research performance for an article or an individual – that is a mortal sin’. Few sentences could define so precisely the uses and misuses of the Journal Impact Factor (JIF) better than Anthony van Raan’s. This manuscript presents a critical overview on the international use, by governments and institutions, of the JIF and/or journal indexing information for individual research quality assessment. Interviews given by Nobel Laureates speaking on this matter are partially illustrated in this work. Furthermore, the authors propose complementary and alternative versions of the journal impact factor, respectively named Complementary (CIF) and Timeless (TIF) Impact Factors, aiming to better assess the average quality of a journal – never of a paper or an author. The idea behind impact factors is not useless, it has just been misused.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[305] viXra:1909.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 15:57:28

Neural Network-Based Formula for Shear Capacity Prediction of One-Way Slabs Under Concentrated Loads

Authors: M. Abambres, E. Lantsoght
Comments: 33 Pages.

According to the current codes and guidelines, shear assessment of existing reinforced concrete slab bridges sometimes leads to the conclusion that the bridge under consideration has insufficient shear capacity. The calculated shear capacity, however, does not consider the transverse redistribution capacity of slabs, thus leading to overconservative values. This paper proposes an artificial neural network (ANN)-based formula to come up with estimates of the shear capacity of one-way reinforced concrete slabs under a concentrated load, based on 287 test results gathered from the literature. The proposed model yields maximum and mean relative errors of 0.0% for the 287 data points. Moreover, it was illustrated to clearly outperform (mean Vtest / VANN =1.00) the Eurocode 2 provisions (mean VE,EC / VR,c =1.59) for that dataset. A step-by-step assessment scheme for reinforced concrete slab bridges by means of the ANN-based model is also proposed, which results in an improvement of the current assessment procedures.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[304] viXra:1909.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 16:20:40

Potential of Neural Networks for Maximum Displacement Predictions in Railway Beams on Frictionally Damped Foundations

Authors: M. Abambres, R. Corrêa, A. Pinto da Costa, F. Simões
Comments: 63 Pages.

Since the use of finite element (FE) simulations for the dynamic analysis of railway beams on frictionally damped foundations are (i) very time consuming, and (ii) require advanced know-how and software that go beyond the available resources of typical civil engineering firms, this paper aims to demonstrate the potential of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) to effectively predict the maximum displacements and the critical velocity in railway beams under moving loads. Four ANN-based models are proposed, one per load velocity range ([50, 175] ∪ [250, 300] m/s; ]175, 250[ m/s) and per displacement type (upward or downward). Each model is function of two independent variables, a frictional parameter and the load velocity. Among all models and the 663 data points used, a maximum error of 5.4 % was obtained when comparing the ANN- and FE-based solutions. Whereas the latter involves an average computing time per data point of thousands of seconds, the former does not even need a millisecond. This study was an important step towards the development of more versatile (i.e., including other types of input variables) ANN-based models for the same type of problem.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[303] viXra:1909.0338 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-21 21:39:21

The Cosmic Origin of Climate Cycles

Authors: F.M. Sanchez
Comments: 4 Pages.

  The Wolf and Milankovich cycles, as well as a 725 years one, are shown to be tightly connected to the invariant Hubble-Sanchez horizon radius, via the Bohr radius, the background temperature and the Kotov length, implying a liaison between the Mattieu group, the superstring dimension 496 and the Higgs boson mass. The Mattieu group order factorisation 66 × 5! is implied, and leads to a relation implying the Monster Couple, characterising the Tau, Mu Leptons and Proton masses and confirming the Eddington's Proton-Tau symmetry. A cosmic connection with the weak bosons implies explicit ppb formula for the Millenarium Lepton masses.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[302] viXra:1909.0337 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 00:13:09

A Definiive Proof of the ABC Conjecture

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 10 Pages. We give another proof of the conjecture c

In this paper, we consider the $abc$ conjecture. Firstly, we give anelementaryproof the conjecture $c<rad^2(abc)$. Secondly, the proof of the $abc$ conjecture is given for $\epsilon \geq 1$, then for $\epsilon \in ]0,1[$. We choose the constant $K(\epsilon)$ as $K(\epsilon)=e^{\left(\frac{1}{\epsilon^2} \right)}$. Some numerical examples are presented.
Category: Number Theory

[301] viXra:1909.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 00:18:57

Huangzi Theory Outline

Authors: Huang Weixiong
Comments: 5 Pages.

Photons are particles moving at the speed of light. They are the source of energy. Atoms are the elements that make up matter. They are the basis of matter. photons collision transforms into photons dust, photons dust combination transforms into atoms, atoms split into photons dust, photons dust collision transforms into photons. Energy and matter achieve cyclic transformation. The theory of energy and material cycle transformation is called Huangzi theory.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[300] viXra:1909.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 01:14:44

Refutation of Modal Operators on Rings of Continuous Functions

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate five expressions for a definition (2), two remarks (2), and a lemma proof (1). None is tautologous. This refutes the titled conjecture which drags in the Hausdorff and Stone topologies, Kripke frames, and dualities of Gelfand-Naimark-Stone and Esakia-Goldblatt. These conjectures form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[299] viXra:1909.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 02:04:19

The Characteristic of Primes

Authors: Ihsan Raja Muda Nasution
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this paper, we propose the axiomatic regularity of prime numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[298] viXra:1909.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 04:53:33

The Effects of Copper Doping on Photocatalytic Activity at (101) Planes of Anatase Tio2: a Theoretical Study

Authors: Dorian Hanaor
Comments: 12 Pages. English, authors post-peer-review version

Copper dopants are varyingly reported to enhance photocatalytic activity at titanium dioxide surfaces through uncertain mechanisms. In order to interpret how copper doping might alter the performance of titanium dioxide photocatalysts in aqueous media we applied density functional theory methods to simulate surface units of doped anatase (101) planes. By including van der Waals interactions, we consider the energetics of adsorbed water at anatase surfaces in pristine and copper doped systems. Simulation results indicate that copper dopant at anatase (101) surfaces is most stable in a 2+ oxidation state and a disperse configuration, suggesting the formation of secondary CuO phases is energetically unfavourable. In agreement with previous reports, water at the studied surface is predicted to exhibit molecular adsorption with this tendency slightly enhanced by copper. Results imply that the enhancement of photoactivity at anatase surfaces through Cu doping is more likely to arise from electronic interactions mediated by charge transfer and inter-bandgap states increasing photoexcitation and extending surface-hole lifetimes rather than through the increased density of adsorbed hydroxyl groups.
Category: Condensed Matter

[297] viXra:1909.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 07:36:48

Conductivity Edges of Graphene

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

The conductivity of dual layers of graphene greatly depends on the states of carbon atoms at their edges; a property which could have important implications for information transmissions on quantum scales. [42] A research team comprised of scientists at the University of California, Riverside, and the University of Washington has for the first time directly imaged "edge conduction" in monolayer tungsten ditelluride, or WTe2, a newly discovered 2-D topological insulator and quantum material. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[296] viXra:1909.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 07:56:32

Simulation of Peeling Graphene Sheets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Here, Ryoji Okamoto, Koki Yamasaki, and Naruo Sasaki at The University of Electro-Communications have developed a time-saving potential model to simulate the adhesive characteristics during the peeling process of armchair-type graphene sheets from frictionless graphite substrate surfaces. [43] The conductivity of dual layers of graphene greatly depends on the states of carbon atoms at their edges; a property which could have important implications for information transmissions on quantum scales. [42] A research team comprised of scientists at the University of California, Riverside, and the University of Washington has for the first time directly imaged "edge conduction" in monolayer tungsten ditelluride, or WTe2, a newly discovered 2-D topological insulator and quantum material. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[295] viXra:1909.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 08:15:06

My Contribustion in Claymath Millenium Problems:

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 1 Page.

I present my contribustion in three Claymath Millenium problems.
Category: General Mathematics

[294] viXra:1909.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 08:24:20

Hall Effect One-Way Radio Transmission

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[293] viXra:1909.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 08:38:22

Solar Fuel Generation in Action

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Hoping to break this barrier, scientists at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, a Department of Energy Innovation Hub based partly at Berkeley Lab, have invented a cell that is specially designed to allow for unobtrusive observation of an isolated, operating catalyst. [30] The researchers extracted a 2-D material they call hematene from ordinary iron ore. The material is only three atoms thick and is thought to have enhanced photocatalytic properties. [29] A new hybrid energy-harvesting device may one day replace the need for batteries in certain low-power electronics devices. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[292] viXra:1909.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 09:13:05

A Generic Disease Cure Using T-Cells

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I hypothesize a cure of a generic diseases using the sequencing of a single T-cell of an group of elite disease controllers
Category: Physics of Biology

[291] viXra:1909.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 12:00:10

A Strange Connection Exists Between Middlebush NJ and the Sunken Locomotives Off Long Branch NJ

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: The 44.6 mile distance between Middlebush NJ and the 2 sunken early type locomotives found 5 miles off the coast of NJ near Long Branch NJ indicate an important connection between Middlebush and the MHCE8S theory of the universe.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[290] viXra:1909.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 11:40:17

Stellar Metamorphosis: Does Gas Accretion Occur in the Vacuum to Form Gas Giants, K2-18b

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 4 Pages. 2 diagrams, one of lift, one of stellar metamorphosis

It is pointed out that astronomers do not understand the principles of pressure and gas in the vacuum of outer space, nor do they understand planetary evolution. Some clarifying statements are made to fix the issue, and fully replace the outdated dogma. In short, astronomers claim that gas accretes onto a solid body "like a vacuum cleaner" to form a gas giant. An archive link and screen shot are provided to show how wrong this is, and a replacement theory is offered. The link is here: http://archive.is/2xg6L
Category: Astrophysics

[289] viXra:1909.0324 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-28 12:09:12

Do You Know The Winner Of Realism (Be-ables) Vs Operational-ism (Observabls) ?

Authors: Bhasanpal S.
Comments: 3 Pages.

Always think simple to answer a question which is being seem tough.
Category: Quantum Physics

[288] viXra:1909.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 15:35:05

The Complexity of NonSwapClique

Authors: Anisse Ismaili
Comments: 1 Page.

Problem NonSwapClique: Given an undirected graph $G=(V,E)$, does it contain a clique $S\subseteq V$ of size $k$, such that you cannot obtain another clique of the same size by swapping a pair of vertices? In this note, I settle the complexity of this problem as NP-complete, by a reduction from problem \textsc{1-in-3-SAT}.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[287] viXra:1909.0319 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-15 18:54:14

How (Not) to Lead Academia

Authors: Miguel Abambres
Comments: 12 Pages.

This work reports several issues found by the author throughout his professional career, concerning academic leadership. Topics like (i) out-of-field teaching/researching, and (ii) time management in faculty hiring or new role assignment, are addressed. Besides, the author describes which fundamental decisions he´d take if he could manage a higher education institution or academic department. The topics covered are crucial for the success of any higher education institution, such as (a) hiring, (b) social engagement, (c) student assessment, (d) open mindedness, (e) prompt communication, (f) passion in work, and (g) freedom / trust.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[286] viXra:1909.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 20:50:16

The Eht Picture is Wrong; This Shows How Low is the Level of Knowledge of the Black Holes in Universities, in Research Centers

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 428 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

The EHT picture is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes in universities, in research centers “There is no Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, around the Event horizon of the Black Hole in Ferent Quantum Gravity, like the red color in the EHT picture of the Black Hole” Adrian Ferent “All the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole” Adrian Ferent “We do not see the black Event horizon, like in the EHT picture” Adrian Ferent “Einstein supermassive Black Hole picture from EHT is Black and Red; Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White” Adrian Ferent “Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White; the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong, we do not see the black Event horizon because of the large luminosity as the result of gas and matter being accreted and we do not see the read light in the EHT picture around the Event horizon because at 3rs the Gravitational redshift does not exist” Adrian Ferent “You do not need a telescope to see a Black Hole, you need only an amazing brain to see it and a new Gravitation theory, Ferent Quantum Gravity” Adrian Ferent “At this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth” Adrian Ferent “There are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A*” Adrian Ferent “Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right” Adrian Ferent The UCLA picture of a Black Hole is right and the EHT picture is wrong! https://ucla.in/2NVbhCh The scientists from UCLA are right! ‘The new findings are based on observations of the black hole — which is called Sagittarius A*, or Sgr A* — during four nights in April and May at the Keck Observatory. The brightness surrounding the black hole always varies somewhat, but the scientists were stunned by the extreme variations in brightness during that timeframe, including their observations on May 13.’ The energy of the Gravitons emitted by the Black Hole is much higher than the energy of the photons. “All the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole” Adrian Ferent This means: “There is no Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, around the Event horizon of the Black Hole in Ferent Quantum Gravity, like the red color in the EHT picture of the Black Hole” Adrian Ferent That is why the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong. This is another proof that: “Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right” Adrian Ferent The read light in the EHT picture of the Black Hole is the Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, at 3rs around the Event horizon of the Black Hole. The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong: The Schwarzschild radius rs of an object is proportional to the mass. The Schwarzschild radius rs of the Sgr A* is 12×10^6 km rs = 2GM / c^2 Between rs and 3rs around the Event horizon in EHT picture is red light, it is the Gravitational redshift. How I explained: “All the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole” Adrian Ferent This means: The read light in the EHT picture of the Black Hole, around the Event horizon is wrong. That is why: “The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong and Einstein gravitation theory is wrong” Adrian Ferent “The picture of the Black Hole is white not red like the EHT picture of the Black Hole” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who explained the Gravitational redshift” Adrian Ferent “We do not see the black Event horizon like in the EHT picture” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity the supermassive Black Hole picture is white because around it there are a lot of collisions between stars and planets. The large luminosity is the result of gas and matter being accreted by the supermassive Black Hole.” Adrian Ferent How easy was accepted the wrong EHT picture of the Black Hole by universities, research centers, peer-reviewed journals… “The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes and Dark Matter in universities, research centers” Adrian Ferent “Einstein supermassive Black Hole is a Singularity; Ferent supermassive Black Hole has very small volume” Adrian Ferent The scientists from UCLA are wrong! No danger to Earth ‘The black hole is some 26,000 light-years away and poses no danger to our planet. Do said the radiation would have to be 10 billion times as bright as what the astronomers detected to affect life on Earth.’ “Gravitons emitted by Black Holes kill Aliens” Adrian Ferent “The energy of the Gravitons inside a Black Hole, is much higher than the energy of gluons” Adrian Ferent “At this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational Radiation is the most dangerous because it travels the farthest and is the most penetrating” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who explained the lack of extraterrestrial civilizations” Adrian Ferent “Extraterrestrial civilizations are on planets moving around stars far away from Black Holes” Adrian Ferent “There are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A*” Adrian Ferent Conclusions “Einstein supermassive Black Hole picture from EHT is Black and Red; Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White” Adrian Ferent “Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White; the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong, we do not see the black Event horizon because of the large luminosity as the result of gas and matter being accreted and we do not see the read light in the EHT picture around the Event horizon because at 3rs the Gravitational redshift does not exist” Adrian Ferent “The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes and Dark Matter in universities, research centers” Adrian Ferent “At this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth” Adrian Ferent “There are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A*” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that: “Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right” Adrian Ferent 248. I am the first who discovered that there is no Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, around the Event horizon of the Black Hole in Ferent Quantum Gravity, like the red color in the EHT picture of the Black Hole 249. I am the first who discovered that all the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole 250. I am the first who discovered that we do not see the black Event horizon, like in the EHT picture 251. I am the first who discovered that Einstein supermassive Black Hole picture from EHT is Black and Red; Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White 252. I am the first who discovered that Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White; the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong, we do not see the black Event horizon because of the large luminosity as the result of gas and matter being accreted and we do not see the read light in the EHT picture around the Event horizon because at 3rs the Gravitational redshift does not exist 253. I am the first who discovered that the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes and Dark Matter in universities, research centers 254. I am the first who discovered that at this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth 255. I am the first who discovered that there are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A* 256. I am the first who discovered that Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[285] viXra:1909.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 20:50:43

Potential of Neural Networks for Structural Damage Localization

Authors: M. Abambres, M. Marcy, G. Doz
Comments: Pages.

Fabrication technology and structural engineering states-of-art have led to a growing use of slender structures, making them more susceptible to static and dynamic actions that may lead to some sort of damage. In this context, regular inspections and evaluations are necessary to detect and predict structural damage and establish maintenance actions able to guarantee structural safety and durability with minimal cost. However, these procedures are traditionally quite time-consuming and costly, and techniques allowing a more effective damage detection are necessary. This paper assesses the potential of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) models in the prediction of damage localization in structural members, as function of their dynamic properties – the three first natural frequencies are used. Based on 64 numerical examples from damaged (mostly) and undamaged steel channel beams, an ANN-based analytical model is proposed as a highly accurate and efficient damage localization estimator. The proposed model yielded maximum errors of 0.2 and 0.7 % concerning 64 numerical and 3 experimental data points, respectively. Due to the high-quality of results, authors’ next step is the application of similar approaches to entire structures, based on much larger datasets.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[284] viXra:1909.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 21:46:04

An Interesting Novel Insight into the [ Ocaml+Theorem Prover+AI/ML+Java+Prolog+BaseX-XML DB/ Mongo DB Systems+Imaging Mathematics-Linear Algebra ] to Probe Radiation Oncology Informatics +BIG DATA.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Interesting Novel Insight into the [Ocaml+Theorem Prover+AI/ML+Java+Prolog+BaseX-XML DB/Mongo DB Systems+Imaging Mathematics-Linear Algebra ] to Probe Radiation Oncology Informatics+BIG DATA.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[283] viXra:1909.0315 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-27 19:16:23

ζ(5), ζ(7)..........ζ(331), ζ(333) Are Irrational Number

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 34 Pages.

Using the fact that ζ(3) is an irrational number, I prove that ζ(5), ζ(7)...........ζ(331) and ζ(333) are irrational numbers. ζ(5), ζ(7)...........ζ(331) and ζ(333) are confirmed that they were in perfect numerical agreement. This is because I created an odd-number formula for ζ, and the formula was created by dividing the odd- number for ζ itself into odd and even numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[282] viXra:1909.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 01:25:25

Solar Planet Velocity Analysis

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses (1) Planet Velocity shows that Planet Motion is a part of A Greater Motion- (2) Planet Velocity shows that, Planets motions are similar to a train motion- it's one unified motion – and as a train moves with its carriages – the solar system moves one general motion with all planets. ("Train Motion Concept") (3) Planets different velocities can't disprove "the rain motion concept" because Planets motions are complementary to each other to enable the general unified motion to be performed which necessities the difference of velocities.
Category: Astrophysics

[281] viXra:1909.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 04:46:45

Noise Cancelling Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 92 Pages.

A team from Dartmouth College and MIT has designed and conducted the first lab test to successfully detect and characterize a class of complex, "non-Gaussian" noise processes that are routinely encountered in superconducting quantum computing systems. [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[280] viXra:1909.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 06:51:50

A Generalization of the Functional Equation of the Riemann zeta Function

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in french

With help of theta functions, a generalization of the functional equation of the zeta Riemann function can be defined.
Category: Number Theory

[279] viXra:1909.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 06:52:45

Paramagnetic Spins for Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

An international team of researchers has observed that local thermal perturbations of spins in a solid can convert heat to energy even in a paramagnetic material-where spins weren't thought to correlate long enough to do so. [31] Recent discoveries in high Tc superconductors have resulted in an intense interest in a "pair-density wave" (PDW) formed in Cooper pairs (an electron pair bound together at low temperatures), although there is little theoretical understanding on the driving mechanisms of this exotic state. [30] Researchers at Northeast Normal University, in China, and University of the Basque Country, in Spain, have recently carried out a study investigating the superconducting transition of electrides. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[278] viXra:1909.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 07:44:39

Twisted and Untwisted Nanomaterial

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

Scientists who study the nanoscale—with molecules and materials 10,000 smaller than a pinhead—need to be able to test the way that some molecules twist, known as their chirality, because mirror image molecules with the same structure can have very different properties. [50] In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48]
Category: Condensed Matter

[277] viXra:1909.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 07:59:34

Progress in Inverse Photoconductance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

University (UV) researchers have modified the photoconductance of nanoparticles of tungsten oxide (WO3) in a controlled manner. [51] Scientists who study the nanoscale-with molecules and materials 10,000 smaller than a pinhead-need to be able to test the way that some molecules twist, known as their chirality, because mirror image molecules with the same structure can have very different properties. [50] In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43]
Category: Condensed Matter

[276] viXra:1909.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 08:17:11

Gem-Like Nanoparticles as Catalysts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

A Northwestern University research team has developed a new method for making highly desirable catalysts from metal nanoparticles that could lead to better fuel cells, among other applications. [52] Valencia University (UV) researchers have modified the photoconductance of nanoparticles of tungsten oxide (WO3) in a controlled manner. [51] Scientists who study the nanoscale-with molecules and materials 10,000 smaller than a pinhead-need to be able to test the way that some molecules twist, known as their chirality, because mirror image molecules with the same structure can have very different properties. [50] In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43]
Category: Condensed Matter

[275] viXra:1909.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 08:38:25

Blackest Black Material Development

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

MIT engineers report today that they have cooked up a material that is 10 times blacker than anything that has previously been reported. [53] A Northwestern University research team has developed a new method for making highly desirable catalysts from metal nanoparticles that could lead to better fuel cells, among other applications. [52] Valencia University (UV) researchers have modified the photoconductance of nanoparticles of tungsten oxide (WO3) in a controlled manner. [51] Scientists who study the nanoscale—with molecules and materials 10,000 smaller than a pinhead—need to be able to test the way that some molecules twist, known as their chirality, because mirror image molecules with the same structure can have very different properties. [50]
Category: Condensed Matter

[274] viXra:1909.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 11:00:47

The Valuation of Financial Derivatives Subject to Counterparty Risk and Credit Value Adjustment

Authors: Xiao, Tim
Comments: 40 Pages.

This article presents a generic model for pricing financial derivatives subject to counterparty credit risk. Both unilateral and bilateral types of credit risks are considered. Our study shows that credit risk should be modeled as American style options in most cases, which require a backward induction valuation. To correct a common mistake in the literature, we emphasize that the market value of a defaultable derivative is actually a risky value rather than a risk-free value. Credit value adjustment (CVA) is also elaborated. A practical framework is developed for pricing defaultable derivatives and calculating their CVAs at a portfolio level.
Category: Economics and Finance

[273] viXra:1909.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 13:53:36

On the Ramanujan Modular Equations, Class Invariants and Mock Theta Functions: New Mathematical Connections with Some Particle-Like Solutions, Black Holes Entropies, ζ(2) and Golden Ratio

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 196 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various interesting new possible mathematical connections between the Ramanujan Modular Equations, Class Invariants, the Mock Theta Functions, some particle-like solutions, Black Holes entropies, ζ(2) and Golden Ratio
Category: Number Theory

[272] viXra:1909.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 17:26:10

Stellar Metamorphosis: Accretion Friction Braking, Part Two, 25143 Itokawa

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper calculations are done to determine the kinetic energy in joules of an impact at 3 different velocities of the asteroid 25143 Itokawa. More calculations are done in a graph, and some explanation is given as to what will happen to Itokawa in accordance with the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis. Essentially any impact velocity of Itokawa due to its large mass will cause enormous destruction, leading to the realization that it must have formed from an even larger destructive event.
Category: Astrophysics

[271] viXra:1909.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 22:29:05

Other Plausible Mechanisms of Anesthetic Action Within the Framework of Spin-Mediated Consciousness Theory

Authors: Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu
Comments: 22 Pages. To be submitted for publication

We have recently discussed the mechanism of xenon anesthetic action in spin-mediated consciousness theory in light of the recent experimental findings. In this paper, we discuss some other plausible mechanisms of anesthetic action within the framework of spin-mediated consciousness theory. In one scenario, general anesthetics such as xenon may produce anesthesia by direct perturbations and/or distortions of neural spin networks alone or in addition to perturbing and/or distorting O2 and/or NO pathways in neural membranes and proteins. In another scenario, the mind-pixels are comprised of unpaired electrons carried by transition metal ions, O2 and/or NO caged-in/bound/absorbed to large molecules in neural membranes and proteins. In the latter, general anesthetics such as xenon may produce anesthesia by perturbing free/unbound O2 and/or NO pathways in neural membranes and proteins and/or unpaired electron spin networks thus blocking and/or distorting their functions in consciousness. In either of the above scenarios, the nuclear spins of xenon 131 and xenon 129 may partially play the roles of displaced nuclear spins or unpaired electron spins, thus attenuate the anesthetic potency of nuclear-spin-carrying xenon isotopes observed by Li, et. al.
Category: Mind Science

[270] viXra:1909.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 22:57:06

1 期間2項モデルを活用した失業保険の価格決定

Authors: Hiroki Tahara
Comments: 3 Pages. Japanese Only

I determined general fee of employment insurance. I used one-term binomial models in order to determine general fee of employment insurance.
Category: Economics and Finance

[269] viXra:1909.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 00:19:19

Definition Of Motion (III)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 18 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis Solar System Motion 1-Light travels before any other motion – because by this light motion energy the solar system moves. 2-Solar planets motions are followers the leading light motion 3-Light Motion is One and Planets Motions is One i.e. 4-Solar Planets cooperate together to produce one unified motion 5-Planets Data proves that solar system moves one unified motion by all planets – as a train moves with all carriages together- (Planet = A Train Carriage) Also Solar System has relativistic effects which prove the one motion claim Because (1) All distances are contracted by the same rate which means there's One Unified Motion Behind (2) the contraction rate is transported from point to another which proves the energy transportation through the solar system, makes it as one Trajectory of Energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[268] viXra:1909.0300 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-17 15:21:17

Explain Quantum Physics with a Single-Particle

Authors: Arnaud Andrieu
Comments: 24 Pages. 27 Figures

The principle of the single-particle behaves exactly like a harmonic oscillator; but at very high frequency. The fixed static density is given at each end point of the particle, where between two, its acceleration would be extremely high. This anharmonic oscillation of the particle, work tirelessly between singularity and quantum decoherence. This virtual particle is simply guided by an ultra-powerful virtual field. This field allows the oscillatory movement of the particle from a point A to a point B for example. The advantage or the physical challenge would be to be able to see the human eye several points or particles at the same time, and in several different places.
Category: Quantum Physics

[267] viXra:1909.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 01:53:43

Fluid's Resonance Frequencies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

Lyon has recently collected the first measurements of the resonance frequencies of a stable torus of fluid. [43] Cell culture plates that are in everyday use in biology can be effectively transformed into microfluidic devices, opening paths for biologists to miniaturize cell-based workflows. [42] The properties of gold in nanoscale are significantly different to those of bulk gold. Of special interest are gold nanoclusters, that are composed of between tens to some hundreds of gold atoms. [41] A team at Osaka University has created single-molecule nanowires, complete with an insulation layer, up to 10 nanometers in length. [40] Using optical and electrical measurements, a two-dimensional anisotropic crystal of rhenium disulfide was found to show opposite piezoresistant effects along two principle axes, i.e. positive along one axis and negative along another. [39] A team of researchers from the University of Konstanz has demonstrated a new aqueous polymerization procedure for generating polymer nanoparticles with a single chain and uniform shape, which, by contrast to previous methods, involves high particle concentrations. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34]
Category: Condensed Matter

[266] viXra:1909.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 05:01:27

On the Estimation of the Economic Value of a Dash Proposal

Authors: Pablo Menéndez-Ponte Alonso
Comments: 16 Pages.

This paper is concerned with the derivation of a consistent formal method to allow for estimating the economic value of a Dash proposal. Standing on the Currency Fair Value[1] theory as rational financial pricing model of a currency, the paper will arrive at a straightforward and objective calculation tool, in the form of several simple equations. These will allow Masternode owners and individuals who submit proposals to the Dash treasury to estimate the expected value return of the economic proposals and thus, enable them to make more rational decisions. Development of this new model will require differential analysis of the fair value equation, as a basis for the analytical expressions expected by the main target audience. This analysis goes beyond the scope of Dash and many other currency research efforts may also drawn upon it. Keywords: Dash·Proposal·Quantitative Finance·Asset Pricing·Currency Fair Value·Investing
Category: Economics and Finance

[265] viXra:1909.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 05:25:01

On Prime NumberⅣ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is primes④
Category: Number Theory

[264] viXra:1909.0294 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-16 03:56:42

A General Form of the Beppo Levi`s Lemma

Authors: Johan Aspegren
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this article we will prove a version of the Beppo Levi`s lemma for the complex valued functions. This achieved by making a more stronger asumption that is assumed in Beppo Levi`s lemma. We will assume that the sum of measurable functions that is absolutely convergent almost everywhere is integrable. We will prove that it implies the asumptions of the Beppo Levi lemma, if we consider functions that are non-negative. It can be argued that our version is more suitable to applications, and we will prove a new probability law. We will show that with our asumptions in probability theory it follows that the expected value is countable additive. Moreover, it follows that in strong law of large numbers we don`t need to make any asumptions on distributions and the mean of the sample will convergence almost surely to the mean of the expected values.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[263] viXra:1909.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 10:33:39

Refutation of Computability, Orders, and Solvable Groups

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the first definition for a pre-orderable group which is not tautologous. This refutes subsequent conjectures, and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Algebra

[262] viXra:1909.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 11:01:04

Quantum Rotating Interferometer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A team of researchers from the University of Glasgow and the University of Southampton has devised a novel way to test quantum mechanics in a non-inertial reference frame by using a rotating interferometer. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[261] viXra:1909.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 11:26:04

Photonic Traffic on the Fly

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Now, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, where topological insulators were first discovered in 2005, have shown a way to fulfill that promise in a field where physical space is at an even bigger premium: photonics. [40] A team of researchers from the University of Glasgow and the University of Southampton has devised a novel way to test quantum mechanics in a non-inertial reference frame by using a rotating interferometer. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[260] viXra:1909.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 11:50:06

Quantum Computers Silicon Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

But with a team of researchers from the UK and France, we have demonstrated that it may well be possible to build a quantum computer from conventional silicon-based electronic components. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[259] viXra:1909.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 12:22:55

The Prime as a Consequence of Skip Number

Authors: Suraj Deshmukh
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this paper I have defined primes on the basis of "skip function" which basically is nothing but tells you how many numbers are skipped between two numbers. And we define a collection of set which I call skip set. The occurrence of a number decides weather it is prime or not.
Category: General Mathematics

[258] viXra:1909.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 12:57:23

The Thrust of Rockets in Space.

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 2 Pages.

Rockets in the vacuum keep there velocity by inertia,but there acceleration stays null which means that they can't be thrusted at all.
Category: Astrophysics

[257] viXra:1909.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 18:09:39

Refutation of a Class of Lipschitz Horizontal Vector Fields in Homogeneous Groups

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate a Lipschitz horizontal vector field on Heisenberg group. It is not tautologous and further exemplifies that vector spaces are not bivalent. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Algebra

[256] viXra:1909.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 19:27:39

Polygonal Numbers in Terms of the Beta Function

Authors: Alfredo Olmos, R. Romyna Olmos
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this article we study some characteristics of polygonal numbers, which are the positive integers that can be ordered, to form a regular polygon. The article is closed, showing the relation of the polygonal numbers, with the Beta function when expressing any polygonal number, as a sum of terms of the Beta function.
Category: Number Theory

[255] viXra:1909.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 19:42:35

Refutation of Predicate Transformer Semantics for Hybrid Systems

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the steps of the approach to verify hybrid systems in the style of dynamic logic. Top tier input assumes modal Kleene algebras which are not bivalent. Middle tier processing invokes binary relations (which we do not test). Bottom tier output produces Lipschitz continuous vector fields as verification of hybrid store dynamics, which are not bivalent. This refutes the Isabelle framework for hybrid systems verification, and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[254] viXra:1909.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 00:46:51

Number and Arithmetic Action

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Definition is given to concepts of number and arithmetic action.
Category: General Mathematics

[253] viXra:1909.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 03:09:43

Definition Of Motion (II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses -Solar system motion consists of light & planets motions. Both are geometrical players in the solar system geometrical structure -In all solar system motions – light motion leads planets motions -Solar system motion main features are (I) 2 Motions (Light And Planet) (II) both motions pass the same distance (III) the same distance passing by different rates Of Time. -Inner planets orbital circumferences are motions done by inner planets and light beams -Inner planets orbital circumferences are produced depending on Jupiter energy -Inner planets orbital circumferences work as bridge to transport the energy from Jupiter to the moon orbit
Category: Astrophysics

[252] viXra:1909.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 03:40:00

How Fast Universe Expanding

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Scientists have known for decades that the universe is expanding, but research in the past few years has shaken up calculations on the speed of growth-raising tricky questions about theories of the cosmos. [20] If we haven't detected it 20 years from now I may be concerned, but for now I'm betting that dark matter is the real deal. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[251] viXra:1909.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 03:48:54

Differential Equations for Conic Section

Authors: Viktor Strohm
Comments: 5 Pages.

Theoretical mechanics shows that the motion along a curve is possible only when a body has an acceleration. It follows from the second Neeton’s law that a force has to be applied to a body so as to make it accelirate. All forces applied to the body can be summed up and replaced by one summarized force. “To solve the mass point motion problem we need differential equations for the motion. The way we derive these equations doesn’t matter”: [1,§11,п.3]. In this paper the equation for conic section is derived by the investigation of movement of a body along an elipse under the influance of a summarized force.
Category: Astrophysics

[250] viXra:1909.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 03:55:08

Laser-Cooled Optical Tweezer Array

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[249] viXra:1909.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 04:45:48

Mathematizing the Universe

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 27 Pages.

I think the best way to describe this article is by listing the CONTENTS - INTRODUCTION - Speculations about life, the universe and everything which have a basis in science SECTION 1 - STEFAN-BOLTZMANN LAW, RADIATION PRESSURE FROM THERMODYNAMICS, "VECTOR-TENSOR-SCALAR GEOMETRY" ANALOGOUS TO STRESS TENSOR / EIGENVECTORS / EIGENVALUES SECTION 2 - VECTOR-TENSOR-SCALAR GEOMETRY AND THE NUCLEAR FORCES SECTION 3 - THE STRESS TENSOR ON THE COSMIC LEVEL SECTION 4 - BITS AND TOPOLOGY – CONTINUING THE THEME OF THE MOBIUS STRIP AND MATHEMATICAL MATTER SECTION 5 - ANALOGY OF QUANTUM SPIN AND MATRIX ARRAY, WITH ELECTROMAGNETIC AND GRAVITATIONAL WAVES PRODUCED FROM PURE MATHEMATICS SECTION 6 - DARK MATTER, DARK ENERGY AND A HIGHER DIMENSION OF SPACE-TIME SECTION 7A - EXPLAINING OCEAN TIDES WHEN GENERAL RELATIVITY SAYS GRAVITY IS A PUSH CAUSED BY THE CURVATURE OF SPACE-TIME 7B - M-SIGMA 7C - GEYSERS ON SATURN'S MOON ENCELADUS 7D - A BRIEF HISTORY OF GRAVITY
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[248] viXra:1909.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 07:16:00

Nuclear Clock Transition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Now, a research team led by physicist Peter Thirolf at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich with institutional collaborators has taken an important step toward such a clock. [29] Physicists at the TU Darmstadt and their collaboration partners have performed laser spectroscopy on cadmium isotopes to confirm an improved model of the atomic nucleus. [28] Protons in neutron-rich nuclei have a higher average energy than previously thought, according to a new analysis of electron scattering data that was first collected in 2004. [27] Physics textbooks might have to be updated now that an international research team has found evidence of an unexpected transition in the structure of atomic nuclei. [26] The group led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL and international colleagues have used ultrafast transmission electron microscopy to take attosecond energy-momentum resolved snapshots (1 attosecond = 10-18 or quintillionths of a second) of a free-electron wave function. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been "squeezed" to a record low. [18]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[247] viXra:1909.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 07:26:20

Subjective Evolution

Authors: A.V. Kaminsky
Comments: 25 Pages. In Russian

In this essay, I question the sufficiency of the modern physical picture to explain not only the origin of life, but even to explain the evolution of the non-alive matter. My plan in this paper is to fill this gap, by providing a new look at the quantum mechanics.
Category: Physics of Biology

[246] viXra:1909.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 07:32:04

Astronomers Believe in Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

If we haven't detected it 20 years from now I may be concerned, but for now I'm betting that dark matter is the real deal. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[245] viXra:1909.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 09:25:47

The Demise of Gravity Mystery

Authors: Ahmet Yalcin
Comments: 10 Pages. This is the first article of the "Field relative model of the Universe". This article will be followed by other articles including the mathematics and applications of theory.

Gravity is everywhere in our life but still the oldest unsolved phenomena scientists faced so far. This article gives an extremely simple explanation about it with an example from our daily life. The solution also defines what the tiniest element of entity in the universe should be. The work investigates, if this tiniest element contributes to the solutions of many of the other mysteries in Nature both in micro and macrocosms or creates additional new problems. The article almost uses no mathematics and the mathematics of the theory and many of the fundamental applications are subjects of other articles.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[244] viXra:1909.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 11:03:25

Nanoscale Vacuum Channel Transistors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43] Bioengineers and biophysicists from the have discovered that the toxicity of nanoparticles depends more on their size and the extent to which their surface area is charged than on their chemical composition. [42] That's now possible thanks to research by Rice University scientists who used the light-emitting properties of particular molecules to create a fluorescent nano-thermometer. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[243] viXra:1909.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 11:21:00

Cooper Spintronic Component

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

This area of research aims to greatly accelerate the study of spintronics with organic molecules. [50] In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47]
Category: Condensed Matter

[242] viXra:1909.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 11:49:08

Machine Learning Rewilding

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

There may not be an obvious connection between rewilding and machine learning, but as highlighted today at ESA's ɸ-week, a project in the Netherlands uses satellite data and new digital technology to understand how a nature reserve responds to the pressure of being grazed by herbivores. [22] At the University of South Florida, researchers are integrating machine learning techniques into their work studying proteins. [21] Bioinformatics professors Anthony Gitter and Casey Greene set out in summer 2016 to write a paper about biomedical applications for deep learning, a hot new artificial intelligence field striving to mimic the neural networks of the human brain. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses-so-called retrosyntheses-with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[241] viXra:1909.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 13:11:10

Sunqm-3s10: Using {N,n} QM’s Eigen N to Constitute Asteroid/kuiper Belts, and Solar {N=1..4,n} Region’s Mass Density R-Distribution and Evolution

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 22 Pages.

Asteroid belt is explained as the leftover “ring stain” of the once out-flying ice-rock mixture fragments (driven by the expansion of the ice-evap-line). The cold-KBO of Kuiper belt is explained as the “ring stain” of the current out-flying methane-ice mixture fragments (driven by the expansion of methane-evap-line, or the solar wind stop line). Using the normalized radial probability function r^2 * |R(n,l=n-1)|^2 = [r/rn * exp(1 - r/rn)]^(2*n), we calculated out that (at the normalized probability ≥ 0.1), Asteroid belt at {1,8//6} = {0,48//6} has a probability peak at n = 48, with the peak range = 2.7 ±0.6 AU, and Kuiper belt at {3,1//6} = {0,192//6} has a probability peak at n = 192, with the peak range = 43 ±5 AU. Using θ-dimension probability formula [sin(θ)]^[2(n-1)] ≥ 0.01, we calculated out that the n=48 belt has the collective orbits’ inclination range < 17.8 degree, and b=192 belt has the collective orbits’ inclination range < 8.9 degree. These calculated results fit to the Asteroid belt’s and the cold-KBO’s experimental data perfectly. Then we proposed a new concept: “Eigen quantum number n’ ” is the maximum n’ that can describe one orbit space’s > 90% mass in a single |nLL> = |n’,n’-1,n’-1> QM state. So n=48 and n=192 are the Eigen description for Asteroid belt and the cold-KBO. Using the Eigen n, the four undiscovered {3,n=2..5//6} belts (if they did not form planets) ’s r ± Δr and Δθ’ ranges are also predicted. Using the Eigen n, the Solar {N=1..4,n//6} region’s r-dimensional mass distribution was described by r^2*|R(n,l)|^2 either at each n shell level, or at each N super-shell level, or at the level of treating all N super-shells as a single entity. The evolution of r-dimensional mass distribution in Solar system (driven by the expansion of rock-evap-line and ice-evap-line) is discussed. The result suggested that any sub-Eigen n’ description for an Eigen QM state will be a low resolution and more broad description, and any above Eigen n’ description for an Eigen QM state will be a high resolution but needs many linearly combined QM states.
Category: Astrophysics

[240] viXra:1909.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 13:09:29

Hydrogel Repair Heart in Humans

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

The team is planning a larger, randomized trial that will evaluate how effectively VentriGel can improve cardiac function and quality-of-life for patients experiencing heart failure. [22] Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and their collaborators have developed a technique that allows them to speed up or slow down human heart cells growing in a dish on command-simply by shining a light on them and varying its intensity. [21] Researchers at Houston Methodist and Rice University have made a discovery that will impact the design of not only drug delivery systems, but also the development of newer applications in water filtration and energy production. [20] A new method has been developed to make drugs 'smarter' using nanotechnology so they will be more effective at reaching their target. [19] It's called gene editing, and University of Alberta researchers have just published a game-changing study that promises to bring the technology much closer to therapeutic reality. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12]
Category: Physics of Biology

[239] viXra:1909.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 13:30:58

Atomic Clock Design

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

JILA physicists have demonstrated a novel atomic clock design that combines near-continuous operation with strong signals and high stability, features not previously found together in a single type of next-generation atomic clock. [30] Now, a research team led by physicist Peter Thirolf at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich with institutional collaborators has taken an important step toward such a clock. [29] Physicists at the TU Darmstadt and their collaboration partners have performed laser spectroscopy on cadmium isotopes to confirm an improved model of the atomic nucleus. [28] Protons in neutron-rich nuclei have a higher average energy than previously thought, according to a new analysis of electron scattering data that was first collected in 2004. [27] Physics textbooks might have to be updated now that an international research team has found evidence of an unexpected transition in the structure of atomic nuclei. [26] The group led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL and international colleagues have used ultrafast transmission electron microscopy to take attosecond energy-momentum resolved snapshots (1 attosecond = 10-18 or quintillionths of a second) of a free-electron wave function. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[238] viXra:1909.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 14:06:07

Dark Matter Cosmology and Astrophysics

Authors: Vladimir S. Netchitailo
Comments: 50 Pages.

Hypersphere World-Universe Model (WUM) envisions Matter carried from Universe into World from fourth spatial dimension by Dark Matter Particles (DMPs). Luminous Matter is byproduct of Dark Matter (DM) annihilation. WUM introduces Dark Epoch (spanning from Beginning of World for 0.4 billion years) when only DMPs existed, and Luminous Epoch (ever since for 13.8 billion years). Big Bang discussed in standard cosmological model is, in our view, transition from Dark Epoch to Luminous Epoch due to Rotational Fission of Overspinning DM Supercluster’s Cores and annihilation of DMPs. WUM solves a number of physical problems in contemporary Cosmology and Astrophysics through DMPs and their interactions: Angular Momentum problem in birth and subsequent evolution of Galaxies and Extrasolar systems – how do they obtain it; Fermi Bubbles – two large structures in gamma-rays and X-rays above and below Galactic center; Mysterious Star KIC 8462852 with irregular dimmings; Coronal Heating problem in solar physics – temperature of Sun's corona exceeding that of photosphere by millions of degrees; Cores of Sun and Earth rotating faster than their surfaces; Diversity of Gravitationally-Rounded Objects in Solar system and their Internal Heat; Lightning Initiation problem – electric fields observed inside thunderstorms are not sufficient to initiate sparks; Terrestrial Gamma-Ray Flashes – bursts of high energy X-rays and gamma rays emanating from Earth. Model makes predictions pertaining to Masses of DMPs, proposes New Types of their Interactions. WUM reveals Inter-Connectivity of Primary Cosmological Parameters and calculates their values, which are in good agreement with the latest results of their measurements.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[237] viXra:1909.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 00:13:12

Definition Of Motion (I)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 25 Pages.

Definition Of Motion (I) Paper Hypotheses 1-Planets data are created relative to each other 2-Mercury & Pluto Motions define the distance between them 3-Mercury & Pluto Motions define Saturn Orbital Distance 4-Solar System is one building and each planet is a point in it 5-Solar system moves one unified motion as a train moves with all carriages
Category: Astrophysics

[236] viXra:1909.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 03:41:15

[ Haxe+mlxo-Haxe ML Library/dlib in C++/clips C Language/cocoalib-C++ ] Based ux Design for the Iot/hpc-High Performance Computing Heterogeneous Medical Informatics R&D Frameworks – an Insight Into the World of Novel ux Designs.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication

[ Haxe+MLXO-Haxe ML Library/dlib in C++/CLIPS- C Language/CocoALIB-C++ ]based UX design for the IoT/HPC-High Performance Computing Heterogeneous Medical Informatics R&D Frameworks – An Insight into the World of Novel UX Designs. [ Exploring C/C++/Ocaml/HAXE+ML AI/ML/Grobner Bases based Advanced Medical Informatics + Healthcare ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[235] viXra:1909.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 06:57:01

Fine-Structure Constant from Sommerfeld to Feynman

Authors: Michael A. Sherbon
Comments: 10 Pages. Journal of Advances in Physics, 16(1), 335-343 (2019). CC 4.0

The fine-structure constant, which determines the strength of the electromagnetic interaction, is briefly reviewed beginning with its introduction by Arnold Sommerfeld and also includes the interest of Wolfgang Pauli, Paul Dirac, Richard Feynman and others. Sommerfeld was very much a Pythagorean and sometimes compared to Johannes Kepler. The archetypal Pythagorean triangle has long been known as a hiding place for the golden ratio. More recently, the quartic polynomial has also been found as a hiding place for the golden ratio. The Kepler triangle, with its golden ratio proportions, is also a Pythagorean triangle. Combining classical harmonic proportions derived from Kepler’s triangle with quartic equations determine an approximate value for the fine-structure constant that is the same as that found in our previous work with the golden ratio geometry of the hydrogen atom. These results make further progress toward an understanding of the golden ratio as the basis for the fine-structure constant.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[234] viXra:1909.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 07:10:24

Smart Skin Changes Color

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

The journal ACS Nano is publishing research led by chemists at Emory University that found a solution to the problem. [41] Scientists at Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with Russian and international colleagues developed the concept for constructing an "optical vacuum cleaner." [40] Researchers at Nanjing University in China have now made the first nanopore sensor that works optically and does not require any electrical connections. [39] An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38] Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[233] viXra:1909.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 07:25:15

Graphene Astronomy Detectors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology have demonstrated a detector made from graphene that could revolutionize the sensors used in next-generation space telescopes. [31] "Experiments of hot dense plasma are challenging enough that we should not rule out the possibility of error," Nagayama said. "And the science impact is enormous—this obligates us to continue examining the experiment's validity." [30] The researchers extracted a 2-D material they call hematene from ordinary iron ore. The material is only three atoms thick and is thought to have enhanced photocatalytic properties. [29]
Category: Astrophysics

[232] viXra:1909.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 11:37:55

Storing Information in DNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa and the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya have demonstrated a significant improvement in the efficiency of the process needed to store digital information in DNA. [18] Globally, biodiversity is concentrated around the equator, but the scientific institutions generating DNA sequence data to study that biodiversity tend to be clustered in developed countries toward the poles. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8]
Category: Physics of Biology

[231] viXra:1909.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 11:50:18

Square of Opposition as Meth8 Corrected

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The modern revision of the square of opposition is not tautologous and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4. Consequently we redefine the square so that it is validated as tautologous. Instead of definientia using implication for universal terms or conjunction for existential terms, we adopt the equivalent connective for all terms. The modal modifiers necessity and possibility map quantifiers as applying to the entire terms rather than to the antecedent within the terms.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[230] viXra:1909.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 13:40:44

Compound Numbers with Dimension 9

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: 2 Pages. Russian

This work is devoted to the search, study and compilation of the multiplication table of a compound hyperbolic (Hypercomplex) number of dimension nine (9): q = {1, i1, i2, i3, …, i8, }: in2 = 1. On this basis, as a template, you can choose other multiplication tables with a different target or arbitrary arrangement of plus (+) and minus (-) characters in the cells of the multiplication table. The disadvantage of multiplication tables of dimension 9 is that they are neither associative nor commutative (not even anticommutative). But this is their fundamental property.
Category: Algebra

[229] viXra:1909.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 19:56:19

Refutation of an Adaptive Algorithm for Molecular Simulation on Quantum Computers

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate “a unitary variant of coupled cluster theory (UCCSD) [as] defined by replacing the excitation operators with an anti-Hermitian sum of excitation and de-excitation operators”. It is not tautologous, hence refuting the subsequent sections for the ADAPT-VQE algorithm, molecular dissociation simulation results, and dependence of convergence on operator ordering. The conjecture of the paper is refuted from its abstract as: “an arbitrarily accurate variational algorithm that instead of fixing an ansatz upfront, … grows it systematically one operator at a time in a way dictated by the molecule being simulated … [to] highlight the potential of our adaptive algorithm for exact simulations with present-day and near-term quantum hardware.” These equations form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[228] viXra:1909.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 04:25:15

Microworld_57. Unsolved Problems of Physics_ 17 Xxvii. Hydrogen Superfluidity

Authors: N.N.Leonov
Comments: 21 Pages. English and russian texts

Internet reports that the Harvard University physicists derived "metal" hydrogen having superconducting properties. Below it is shown that they, in fact, experimentally discovered the existence of superfluid hydrogen rather than superconducting one.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[227] viXra:1909.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 05:16:48

The Hidden Treasures of Himalayan Monks

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu[ Anantha Anantha ]
Comments: 13 Pages. NA

In this work, the author unlocks some hidden yogic treasures secretly practiced b the Himalayan Monks/Seers.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[226] viXra:1909.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 05:41:29

Black Hole Ringing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Now, physicists from MIT and elsewhere have "heard" the ringing of an infant black hole for the first time, and found that the pattern of this ringing does, in fact, predict the black hole's mass and spin—more evidence that Einstein was right all along. [10] Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8]
Category: Astrophysics

[225] viXra:1909.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 06:55:46

Neutrons Dance in UC Berkeley Campus

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

In an underground vault enclosed by six-foot concrete walls and accessed by a rolling, 25-ton concrete-and-steel door, University of California, Berkeley, students are making neutrons dance to a new tune: one better suited to producing isotopes required for geological dating, police forensics, hospital diagnosis and treatment. [30] Polymer gels, a gel type with unique properties, have piqued the interest of researchers because of their potential uses in medical applications. [29] Tensorial neutron tomography promises new insights into superconductors, battery electrodes and other energy-related materials. [28] CERN's nuclear physics facility, ISOLDE, has minted a new coin in its impressive collection of isotopes. [27] In the case of several light nuclei, experimental confirmation of the individualism or family nature of nucleons will now be simpler, thanks to predictions presented by Polish physicists from Cracow and Kielce. [26] The identification of the magic number of six provides an avenue to investigate the origin of spin-orbit splittings in atomic nuclei. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[224] viXra:1909.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 08:18:29

Nanotherapy Fight Cancer Stem Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

The group of NanoBiotechnology at IMDEA Nanociencia, led by Prof. Álvaro Somoza, has used gold nanoclusters coated with albumin to facilitate the attachment of two active molecules for the treatment of breast cancer. [37] Microtubules are protein polymers that assemble into dynamic structures, essential for cell division, shape, motility, and transport of intracellular cargos. [36] Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have addressed many of those problems by packing a gene-editing payload into a tiny customizable, synthetic nanocapsule. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[223] viXra:1909.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 09:52:00

Quantum Convolutional Neural Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

With this in mind, a team of researchers at Harvard University recently developed a quantum circuit-based algorithm inspired by convolutional neural networks (CNNs), a popular machine learning technique that has achieved remarkable results in a variety of fields. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[222] viXra:1909.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 11:38:21

Friction Leads to Static Electricity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Now a Northwestern University team developed a new model that shows that rubbing two objects together produces static electricity, or triboelectricity, by bending the tiny protrusions on the surface of materials. [22] UCLA researchers and colleagues have designed a new device that creates electricity from falling snow. [21] Two-dimensional (2-D) semiconductors are promising for quantum computing and future electronics. Now, researchers can convert metallic gold into semiconductor and customize the material atom-by-atom on boron nitride nanotubes. [20] U.S. Naval Research Laboratory scientists have developed and patented the fabrication of transparent, luminescent material they say could give smartphone and television screens flexible, stretchable, and shatterproof properties. [19] "Digital quantum simulation is thus intrinsically much more robust than what one might expect from known error bounds on the global many-body wave function," Heyl says. [18] A new finding by researchers at the University of Chicago promises to improve the speed and reliability of current and next generation quantum computers by as much as ten times. [17] Ph. D candidate Shuntaro Okada and information scientist Masayuki Ohzeki of Japan's Tohoku University collaborated with global automotive components manufacturer Denso Corporation and other colleagues to develop an algorithm that improves the D-Wave quantum annealer's ability to solve combinatorial optimization problems. [16] D-Wave Systems today published a milestone study demonstrating a topological phase transition using its 2048-qubit annealing quantum computer. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12]
Category: Condensed Matter

[221] viXra:1909.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 12:34:32

Gluon-Dominated Protons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 86 Pages.

New findings from University of Kansas experimental nuclear physicists Daniel Tapia Takaki and Aleksandr (Sasha) Bylinkin were just published in the European Physical Journal C. [47] Ten years ago, just about any nuclear physicist could tell you the approximate size of the proton. But that changed in 2010, when atomic physicists unveiled a new method that promised a more precise measurement. [46] “Spin has surprises. Everybody thought it’s simple … and it turns out it’s much more complicated,” Aschenauer says. [45]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[220] viXra:1909.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 12:59:36

Topological Insulators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A certain kind of material, called a topological insulator, acts partially like one and partially like the other-it behaves like a conductor at its surface and an insulator in its interior. [26] Topological insulators (TIs) host exotic physics that could shed new light on the fundamental laws of nature. [25] A new study by scientists from the University of Bristol brings us a significant step closer to unleashing the revolutionary potential of quantum computing by harnessing silicon fabrication technology to build complex on-chip quantum optical circuits. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23] An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have created the world's first quantum metamaterial that can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. [22] ETH physicists have developed a silicon wafer that behaves like a topological insulator when stimulated using ultrasound. They have thereby succeeded in turning an abstract theoretical concept into a macroscopic product. [21] Cheng Chin, professor in the Department of Physics, and his team looked at an experimental setup of tens of thousands of atoms cooled down to near absolute zero. As the system crossed a quantum phase transition, they measured its behavior with an extremely sensitive imaging system. [20] Scientists from three UK universities are to test one of the fundamental laws of physics as part of a major Europe-wide project awarded more than £3m in funding. ]19] A team of researchers has devised a simple way to tune a hallmark quantum effect in graphene-the material formed from a single layer of carbon atoms-by bathing it in light. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[219] viXra:1909.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 14:30:56

Interpretation of Pre-Relativistic Transformations of Coordinates and Tensors

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: 7 Pages. Russian

The properties of the pre-relativistic space-time are completely determined by the properties of the propagation of the information signal, in particular-the speed of propagation of electromagnetic waves. The speed of propagation of the information signal is constant and does not depend on the state of motion of the observer and the direction of propagation. The scale of the coordinate axes in pre-relativistic coordinate transformations does not change.The Galilean space is not a model of the physical space of classical mechanics, despite the fact that the space of classical mechanics is defined in it, but Newton's laws and conservation laws are formulated through ordinary tensors in pre-relativistic space. The domain of pre-relativistic mechanics is limited by very small (precisely - infi-nitely small) velocities with respect to the velocity of the information signal propagation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[218] viXra:1909.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 14:40:29

The Psychological Conflict from the General Theory of Relativity (1916) and the Proton Rafius Puzzle

Authors: Piscedda Giampaolo
Comments: 2 Pages.

In developing the general theory of relativity, Albert Einstein assert: My main purpose, is to develop this theory, so that the reader is aware that the way we set out, is psychologically the only natural one ( book title: La teoria della relatività, by Albert Einstein, Cap. 1 paragraph 4 ). Then we can deduced, that any solution of a physical problem attributable to the general theory of relativity, is psychologically the only natural one. After a brief introduction we solves the following problem: What will be the effect of muon, when it is inside the proton of density Jp = Vp/Mp for an infinitely small time? After to solve the problem we conclude that, experiments conducted with electrons and muon to measure the proton radius that will give the same result, come into contradiction with the general theory of relativity
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[217] viXra:1909.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 16:35:12

Refutation of Bitstring and Question-Answer Semantics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate bitstring semantics and its follow-on by partition. Its ordered set of exhaustive predicates is not bivalent but a probabilistic vector space. Its calculus of relations is not tautologous. Hence its broader framework of question-answer semantics (QAS) is not tautologous. The conjecture of “generalizing the Aristotelian square within one common gathering” is denied. What is affirmed is the Meth8 corrected, modern, revised square of opposition is a square, to mean the following conjectures are probabilistic vector spaces: collapsed number line of opposition; non-standard quadrilateral of oppositions; and colored square of oppositions. Bitstring semantics and the extended QAS form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[216] viXra:1909.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 17:04:39

Pre-Relativistic Vector Transformations

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: 6 Pages. Russian

Pre-relativistic vector transformations are transformations of 4-dimensional material vectors of classical mechanics Formulas of transformations of contravariant and covariant vectors of pre – relativistic space-intermediate space between Galilean and relativistic (Minkowski) spaces are given. The domain of definition is the transformation of coordinates and vectors at infinitesimal velocities of material objects. Such vectors are spatial coordinates, velocities, accelerations and many other material 4-vector parameters – for example, 4-dimensional energy-momentum. The form of metric tensor of pre-relativistic space, scalar product, formula for conjugation of vectors is also given.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[215] viXra:1909.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 17:07:58

Pre-Relativistic Tensor Transformations

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: 8 Pages. Russian

Pre-relativistic tensor transformations are transformations of 4-dimensional material tensors of classical mechanics Formulas for transformations of contravariant, covariant, and mixed rank 2 tensors of a pre – relativistic space-the intermediate space between Galilean and relativistic (Minkowski) spaces-are given. The domain of definition is the transformation of coordinates and vectors at infinitesimal velocities of material objects. Such tensors are metric tensors of 4-dimensional space.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[214] viXra:1909.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 20:36:44

Refutation of Cook-Reckhow Definition

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the Cook-Reckhow definition as represented for conjectures of a polynomial equation and integer linear inequalities with both as not tautologous. Hence we do not evaluate the conjecture of a relational form on which the paper subsequently relies. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[213] viXra:1909.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 22:00:18

Multimedia Informatics R&D in the Context of [ Haxe+imageai+qrng Lib-Python ] Towards [ Ai/ml/iot/hpc ] Heterogeneous Environment/s

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication

Multimedia Informatics R&D in the Context of [ HAXE+IMAGEAI+qrng lib-python ] towards [ AI/ML/IoT/HPC ]Heterogeneous Environment/s – An Interesting Insight into [ Imaging Mathematics+Hardware Mathematics ] based Algorithms Using [ Ocaml/Owl/Haxe/Python ] Languages. [ Exploring – Next Generation Radiation Oncology Informatics Framework Using the Above Mentioned Tools ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[212] viXra:1909.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 22:45:46

Nobody Understands Gravitation, Because Nobody Understands Dark Matter

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 414 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Nobody understands Gravitation, because nobody understands Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter has another Structure, based on Ferent length lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m much smaller than Planck length lP = 1.616199×10^(-35) m” Adrian Ferent “Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity because nobody understands Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors that nobody understands Quantum Mechanics. We understand Quantum Mechanics because there are a lot of applications of Quantum Mechanics. But nobody understands what an electron is! “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron” Adrian Ferent The equation for an elementary particle made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Ferent equation for elementary particle as a quantum system: “Ferent equation for elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for elementary particle, made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Unification between Matter and Dark Matter!” Adrian Ferent Because Einstein Gravitation theory is wrong, nobody understands Gravitation! Your professors will not say ‘nobody understands Gravitation’ because that means what you learned at Universities about Gravitation is wrong, the articles in peer-review journals are wrong, your Science books are wrong… “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent “Newton and Einstein did not understand Gravitation, they calculated Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Einstein's equivalence principle is wrong because the gravitational force experienced locally is caused by a negative energy, gravitons energy and the force experienced by an observer in a non-inertial (accelerated) frame of reference is caused by a positive energy” Adrian Ferent LIGO: “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent “Because Einstein’s gravitation theory is wrong, LQG, String theory… are wrong theories” Adrian Ferent Why nobody understands Gravitation? “Nobody understands Gravitation, because nobody understands Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational force is mediated by gravitons faster than the speed of light, with negative momentum” Adrian Ferent “I quantized the gravitational field with gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational field is Gravitons” Adrian Ferent Why Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity? Ferent Quantum Gravity: “Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity because nobody understands Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent In Ferent Quantum Gravity I explained what Dark Matter is: I discovered during the Big Bang: “Two important walls: The Ferent wall: here at time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s were created Dark Matter, Dark Photons and Gravitons. The Planck wall: here at time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created Matter and Photons” Adrian Ferent Hawking and all the scientists did not understand Gravitation, Dark Matter and Black holes. “Black holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter does not have temperature” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons from Black holes transform Matter, ‘heat’ in Dark Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter has another Structure, based on Ferent length lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m much smaller than Planck length lP = 1.616199×10^(-35) m” Adrian Ferent Dark Matter does not emit, reflects and absorbs light. “Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter.” Adrian Ferent That is why Gerard 't Hooft, Stephen Hawking and Leonard Susskind are wrong, because the information is lost inside a black hole. I discovered the equation of the Dark Matter universe: “In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall emerged the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent “I discovered that: a < h < s” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:” Adrian Ferent Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Universe, material and spiritual m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k r1N – the position of Matter elementary particle N r2M – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle M r3L – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle L Today all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain Dark Matter, they talk about Transparent matter because they can not see Dark Matter, they talk about Baryonic matter, Non-baryonic matter like axions, they talk about cold, warm or hot Dark Matte, about Spersymmetric Particles as Dark Matter…but NOT BEYOND THE PLANCK WALL. Now they Stole my theory and they went beyond the Planck wall! Those who do not have a Gravitation theory, they started stealing my theory of Gravity. https://www.sciencealert.com/new-study-brings-receipts-to-demonstrate-dark-matter-may-be-older-than-the-big-bang?fbclid=IwAR2IU7KARSt6FlR1SXAnRFR7NPzz-QHTj5EpuvAq_pwfxtZlv2GYFP3CVCY The professors from the peer–review journal did not Search about ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ because they do not know, do not understand how difficult is to go beyond the Planck Wall. Before me nobody was able to think what is beyond Planck Wall. Because all the Scientists do not understand Dark Matter, they have only wrong theories about Dark Matter! The biggest assault on Ferent Quantum Gravity and on my Dark Matter theory will be in October (Dark Matter Days). Dark matter-themed events will be hosted throughout the month by universities, laboratories, and institutions around the world. ‘We just don’t know what that missing mass and energy are, hence the names ’dark matter’ and ‘dark energy’. Understanding dark matter will shine a light on the nature of the universe we live in. We are not yet sure if these discoveries will require a new understanding of physics.’ “All Nobel Laureates were ignorant, thinking inside the Planck Universe; nobody was able before me to go beyond the Planck Wall” Adrian Ferent “Because Ferent Quantum Gravity is a new theory, I did not use References” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG) Black holes are not cold or hot, Black holes are Dark Matter and do not have Temperature” Adrian Ferent “Virtual particles do not exist in Ferent Quantum Gravity, virtual particles exist in Quantum Field theory.” Adrian Ferent “Event horizons do not exist in Ferent Quantum Gravity, event horizons exist in Einstein General Theory of Relativity. At Event horizons there are only Gravitons without Hawking radiation.” Adrian Ferent 245. I am the first who discovered that nobody understands Gravitation, because nobody understands Dark Matter 246. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter has another Structure, based on Ferent length lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m much smaller than Planck length lP = 1.616199×10^(-35) m 247. I am the first who discovered that Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity because nobody understands Dark Matter
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[211] viXra:1909.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 23:17:38

Solar System Motion Analysis (II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses Mercury Motion causes to connect and bind all solar planets motions to produce one unified motion
Category: Astrophysics

[210] viXra:1909.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 00:13:05

An Unsolved Enigma: Dark Matter

Authors: Vaibhav Gupta
Comments: 4 Pages.

There are many unsolved mysteries of universe but Dark mysteries are always on top of research work. Approx. 95% matter is something we cannot observe directly so we use indirect methods. For developing these methods, we need some analogy which connects these hypothetical arguments into daily routine things. In this article need of dark matter research, analogy of dark matter and some recent news are discussed.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[209] viXra:1909.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 00:27:08

Atoms Race Toward Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

According to the team, their study is the first unambiguous confirmation that quasar emissions fuelled by interstellar material trapped in the sphere of influence of supermassive black holes. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[208] viXra:1909.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 00:48:51

Solution to Solar Model Problems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

"Experiments of hot dense plasma are challenging enough that we should not rule out the possibility of error," Nagayama said. "And the science impact is enormous—this obligates us to continue examining the experiment's validity." [30] The researchers extracted a 2-D material they call hematene from ordinary iron ore. The material is only three atoms thick and is thought to have enhanced photocatalytic properties. [29] A new hybrid energy-harvesting device may one day replace the need for batteries in certain low-power electronics devices. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[207] viXra:1909.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 01:08:53

Electrode Free Nanopore Sensing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Researchers at Nanjing University in China have now made the first nanopore sensor that works optically and does not require any electrical connections. [39] An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38] Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[206] viXra:1909.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 01:27:48

Waves with Metamaterials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

For Jordan Raney, assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, cutting-edge science sometimes involves whacking a rubber disc with a hammer. [40] Researchers at Nanjing University in China have now made the first nanopore sensor that works optically and does not require any electrical connections. [39] An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38] Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[205] viXra:1909.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 01:41:38

Reconfigurable Electronics Wearable

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Medical implants of the future may feature reconfigurable electronic platforms that can morph in shape and size dynamically as bodies change or transform to relocate from one area to monitor another within our bodies. [40] Researchers at Nanjing University in China have now made the first nanopore sensor that works optically and does not require any electrical connections. [39] An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38] Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37]
Category: Physics of Biology

[204] viXra:1909.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 01:50:48

Electronic Device

Authors: Harsimran Dhaliwal
Comments: 71 Pages.

An electronic device comprising a first display, a second display, a processor, a memory and atleast one camera whereby instructions stored in the memory that when executed enables the processor to display visual data received from the camera on the first display and also on the second display whereby via an input a picture is recorded and displayed on atleast the second display wherein the picture has a visual effect applied to the picture displayed.
Category: Education and Didactics

[203] viXra:1909.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 02:12:16

Future Communication Technology

Authors: CuiHailong
Comments: 3 Pages.

Future Communication Technology,using the coherence of laser, superluminal quantum communication is realized at long distance, which opens up a new era of communication.
Category: Quantum Physics

[202] viXra:1909.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 02:25:33

Using Laser to Achieve Faster-Than-Light Communication

Authors: CuiHailong
Comments: 2 Pages.

using the coherence of laser, superluminal quantum communication is realized at long distance, which opens up a new era of communication.
Category: Quantum Physics

[201] viXra:1909.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 04:32:08

Measuring the Environmental Sustainability of Cities and Societies

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 61 Pages.

Increasing evidence of the negative effects of the current human development model on the environment [e.g. climate change], make clear the decreasing capability of our planet [as environment] of sustaining human societies over time. Thus, reducing such increasing environmental unsustainability of our societies has become a priority. This requires detecting and modifying current unsustainable patterns of behavior and substituting them for others sustainable patterns. In order to undertake such transformation, we need being able to quantitatively characterize the greater or lesser environmental sustainability of different behaviors incorporated in our current ways of life, as well as those alternatives that could substitute them.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[200] viXra:1909.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 04:43:05

Optical Vacuum Cleaner Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Scientists at Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with Russian and international colleagues developed the concept for constructing an "optical vacuum cleaner." [40] Researchers at Nanjing University in China have now made the first nanopore sensor that works optically and does not require any electrical connections. [39] An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38] Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[199] viXra:1909.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 05:16:47

Organic Solar Cell Design

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Solar cells that use mixtures of organic molecules to absorb sunlight and convert it to electricity, that can be applied to curved surfaces such as the body of a car, could be a step closer thanks to a discovery that challenges conventional thinking about one of the key components of these devices. [31] "Experiments of hot dense plasma are challenging enough that we should not rule out the possibility of error," Nagayama said. "And the science impact is enormous—this obligates us to continue examining the experiment's validity." [30] The researchers extracted a 2-D material they call hematene from ordinary iron ore. The material is only three atoms thick and is thought to have enhanced photocatalytic properties. [29]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[198] viXra:1909.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 05:40:41

PET/CT-Guided Chemoradiotherapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Lead author Tom Konert of the Netherlands Cancer Institute and co-authors reported that interim findings showed much better outcomes for the prospectively-enrolled patients, even though they had more advanced NSCLC. [38] The group of NanoBiotechnology at IMDEA Nanociencia, led by Prof. Álvaro Somoza, has used gold nanoclusters coated with albumin to facilitate the attachment of two active molecules for the treatment of breast cancer. [37] Microtubules are protein polymers that assemble into dynamic structures, essential for cell division, shape, motility, and transport of intracellular cargos. [36] Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have addressed many of those problems by packing a gene-editing payload into a tiny customizable, synthetic nanocapsule. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[197] viXra:1909.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 05:57:04

Einstein vs Bell? Bell's Inequality Refuted, Bell's Error Corrected.

Authors: Gordon Stewart Watson
Comments: 3 Pages.

Bell's inequality is widely regarded as a profound proof that nature is nonlocal, not Einstein-local. Against this, and supporting Einstein, we refute Bell's inequality and correct his error. We thus advance the principle of true-local-realism (TLR); the union of true-locality (no beables move superluminally, after Einstein) and true-realism (some beables change interactively, after Bohr). Importantly, for STEM teachers: we believe our commonsense results require no knowledge of quantum mechanics. Let us see.
Category: Quantum Physics

[196] viXra:1909.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 08:08:04

Simple Tesla Algorithm, the Art of Multiplying by Adding.

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 25 Pages.

The Simple Tesla algorithm, is the art of multiplying by adding. We can use this method to calculate the product of any number with true accuracy. It has indisputable applications in various areas such as polynomials, complex numbers, binary numbers and many more. Basically multiplying is an act of repeated sums, and true to this concept is how this algorithm is developed.
Category: General Mathematics

[195] viXra:1909.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 08:07:35

High-Entropy Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[194] viXra:1909.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 08:22:42

Gold Cluster Chops Carbon Dioxide

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A doctoral dissertation from University of Jyvaskyla, Finland, shows successful computer simulations that were able to predict the atom-precise structure of a cluster comprising 11 gold atoms. [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[193] viXra:1909.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 09:40:15

Molecule Change Through Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

A team from the Cluster of Excellence Ruhr Explores Solvation at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) has developed and manufactured a novel molecule called 3-methoxy-9-fluorenylidene. What's special about it: its magnetic properties can be controlled through light of different colors. This might be of use for computer industry. [29] A way of making organic polymers from the fragrant molecules in conifers and fruit trees has been developed by scientists at the University of Birmingham. [28] The development of mass spectrometry (MS) methods-those which define the chemical composition of cells-represent a further milestone for research in the field of cell biology. [27] These reactions lead to a host of activities in plants, including converting primary metabolites like phenylalanine and tyrosine into vital specialized molecules called flavonoids. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25] Using x-rays to reveal the atomic-scale 3-D structures of proteins has led to countless advances in understanding how these molecules work in bacteria, viruses, plants, and humans-and has guided the development of precision drugs to combat diseases such as cancer and AIDS. [24] How did life arise on Earth? Rutgers researchers have found among the first and perhaps only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts-essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function-may have existed when life began. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[192] viXra:1909.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 10:09:54

Nanoribbons Framework

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The nanostructure of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) plays an important role in various applications since different nanostructures usually exhibit different properties and functions. [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[191] viXra:1909.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 10:51:11

Calculation of the Standard Model Parameters and Particles Based on a Su(4) Preon Model

Authors: Jan Helm
Comments: 76 Pages.

This paper describes an extension and a new foundation of the Standard Model of particle physics based on a SU(4)-force called hyper-color. The hyper-color force is a generalization of the SU(2)-based weak interaction and the SU(1)-based right-chiral self-interaction, in which the W- and the Z-bosons are Yukawa residual-field-carriers of the hyper-color force, in the same sense as the pions are the residual-field-carriers of the color SU(3) interaction. Using the method of numerical minimization of the SU(4)-Lagrangian based on this model, the masses and the inner structure of leptons, quarks and weak bosons are calculated: the mass results are very close to the experimental values. We calculate also precisely the value of the Cabibbo angle, so the mixing matrices of the Standard model, CKM matrix for quarks and PMNS matrix for neutrinos can also be calculated. In total, we reduce the 28 parameters of the Standard Model to 2 masses and 2 parameters of the hyper-color coupling constant.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[190] viXra:1909.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 10:45:25

Metal Flecks for Cancer Therapies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

Tiny extracts of a precious metal used widely in industry could play a vital role in new cancer therapies. [34] The researchers aim to develop an endoscope-compatible fibre-optic probe that combines diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. [33] Automated radiotherapy planning is a boon for medical physicists and dosimetrists, radiotherapy departments, and patients themselves – according to a team at Cone Health Cancer Center
Category: Physics of Biology

[189] viXra:1909.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 11:17:23

Tiny Capsules Gene Therapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have addressed many of those problems by packing a gene-editing payload into a tiny customizable, synthetic nanocapsule. [35] Tiny extracts of a precious metal used widely in industry could play a vital role in new cancer therapies. [34] The researchers aim to develop an endoscope-compatible fibre-optic probe that combines diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[188] viXra:1909.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 11:35:25

Interferometric Single-Molecule Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

In a study published online in Nature Methods, Prof. Xu Tao and Prof. Ji Wei from the Institute of Biophysics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences developed a new interferometric single-molecule localization microscopy process with fast modulated structured illumination, called Repetitive Optical Selective Exposure (ROSE). [33] However, a discovery published in the journal Science by Professor Nikolay Zheludev and Dr. Guanghui Yuan at NTU's School of Physical & Mathematical Sciences describes a new optical method that can measure displacements of a nanometer—the smallest distance ever directly measured, using near infrared light. [32] Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing,
Category: Physics of Biology

[187] viXra:1909.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 12:46:47

Phytoplankton Gene Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

In the doctoral dissertation under review at the University of Jyväskylä, a new gene technology was developed to replace the laborious microscopic identification of small phytoplankton species. [34] The nanostructure of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) plays an important role in various applications since different nanostructures usually exhibit different properties and functions. [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[186] viXra:1909.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 13:03:55

Attack of Predatory Bacteria

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Scientists have unraveled the attack initiation mechanism used by so-called "predatory bacteria', which are capable of invading and killing harmful bugs including E. coli or Salmonella. [35] In the doctoral dissertation under review at the University of Jyväskylä, a new gene technology was developed to replace the laborious microscopic identification of small phytoplankton species. [34] The nanostructure of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) plays an important role in various applications since different nanostructures usually exhibit different properties and functions. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[185] viXra:1909.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 13:25:42

Microtubules Plus and Minus

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Microtubules are protein polymers that assemble into dynamic structures, essential for cell division, shape, motility, and transport of intracellular cargos. [36] Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have addressed many of those problems by packing a gene-editing payload into a tiny customizable, synthetic nanocapsule. [35] Tiny extracts of a precious metal used widely in industry could play a vital role in new cancer therapies. [34]
Category: Physics of Biology

[184] viXra:1909.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 13:43:26

First Stars in the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

Astronomers are closing in on a signal that has been travelling across the Universe for 12 billion years, bringing them nearer to understanding the life and death of the very earliest stars. [47] Collisions between neutron stars are fascinating cosmic events that lead to the formation of numerous chemical elements. [46] Physicists from ITMO University have developed a model of an optical tractor beam to capture particles based on new artificial materials. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42] Electron microscopy has allowed scientists to see individual atoms, but even at that resolution not everything is clear. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Astrophysics

[183] viXra:1909.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 15:04:08

The Non-forced Spherical Pendulum: Semi-numerical Solutions

Authors: Richard J. Mathar
Comments: 11 Pages.

Classical mechanics models the PLANE pendulum as a point mass fastened to a pole by a cord of fixed length. The mass is released at some distance from the pole. It moves along a section of a circle; the circle lies in a plane defined by the pole, the initial place, and the direction of the gravitational force. This manuscript deals with semi-numerical solutions of the equations of motion of the SPHERICAL pendulum. This pendulum has some azimuthal velocity and non-vanishing angular momentum. The cord restricts the motion to the surface of a sphere. The instantaneous plane of motion of the mass is no longer constant.
Category: Classical Physics

[182] viXra:1909.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 16:24:17

Okumura's Disc Series Can Beyond the Crucial Point of D\"aumler-Puha's Horn Torus Models for the Riemann Sphere

Authors: Saburou Saitoh
Comments: 6 Pages. A very surprising and mysterious property at the point at infinity.

Okumura's Disc Series Can Beyond the Crucial Point of D\"aumler-Puha's Horn Torus Models for the Riemann Sphere
Category: Functions and Analysis

[181] viXra:1909.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 00:53:25

New Material for Data Processing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The material was discovered by an international research team in cooperation with Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU). [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[180] viXra:1909.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 01:02:29

Controlling Crystals of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Optical microresonators convert laser light into ultrashort pulses travelling around the resonator's circumference. [34] The material was discovered by an international research team in cooperation with Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU). [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[179] viXra:1909.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 01:11:18

Historical Claims to Test

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

The latest analytical techniques available to scientists can confirm the validity of historical sources in some cases, and suggest a need for reconsideration in others. [35] Optical microresonators convert laser light into ultrashort pulses travelling around the resonator's circumference. [34] The material was discovered by an international research team in cooperation with Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU). [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[178] viXra:1909.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 02:32:59

Influence of the Biofield Energy Treated Novel Test Formulation on Different Organ Specific Biomarkers

Authors: Lauree Ann Duprey-Reed, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 14 Pages.

The study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on the function of different vital organs viz. bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain in multiple cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one part was untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Lauree Ann Duprey-Reed, Canada and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the test formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in six different cells. The experimental groups of untreated medium (UT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI), BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups showed 81.1% (at 1µg/mL), 78.4% (at 63µg/mL), and 87.9% (at 63µg/mL) restoration of cell viability, respectively in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group. Moreover, the UT-Med+ BT-TI group showed 80.4% and 89.9% restoration of cell viability at 0.1 and 1 µg/mL, respectively in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to untreated. Furthermore, 181.3%, 93.2%, and 90.7% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by BT-Med + BT-TI group at 0.1, 25, and 63 µg/mL, respectively compared to the untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 102.6%, 80.5%, and 100.5% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10µg/mL in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by 40% (at 10µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 156.2%, 80.1%, and 137.0% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 0.1µg/mL compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 57.1% and 105.0% in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 25 µg/mL compared to untreated in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 30.4% and 51.9% in the BT-Med + BT-TI group at 30 and 63 µg/mL, respectively compared to untreated in A549 cells. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 67.9% and 42.3% in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 0.1µg/mL as compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 136.8%, 191.9%, and 165.8% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 50 µg/mL compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Overall, the study outcomes suggest that the Biofield Energy Treated novel proprietary test formulation significantly improved the vital functional enzyme biomarkers relevant to bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain. Altogether data suggest that the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be useful to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organ such as lungs, liver, heart, brain, and bones. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart failure, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cirrhosis, cardiomyopathy, liver cancer, Wilson disease, hemochromatosis, pneumonia, asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, osteoporosis, cystic fibrosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[177] viXra:1909.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 02:34:23

Effect of the Biofield Energy Treated Test Formulation on Tissue Specific Biomarkers in Various Human Cells

Authors: Jagdish Singh, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 11 Pages.

Dysfunction of vital organs are the main concern for human health. Therefore, it is necessary to homeostat the normal function of vital organs such as lungs, liver, brain, and heart for better health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Consciousness Energy Treated test formulation on the function of vital organs such as bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain in various cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Jagdish Singh, USA and were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the tested formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in six different cells. The experimental groups like untreated medium (UT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI), BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI showed 190.5%, 56.3%, and 73.8% restoration of cell viability at 1µg/mL in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group. Moreover, BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups showed 98.8% and 79.1% restoration of cell viability at 10µg/mL, respectively in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to untreated. Furthermore, 261.7%, 165.8%, and 167.8% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by BT-Med + BT-TI group at 0.1, 1, and 10µg/mL, respectively compared to untreated. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 52.5% and 66.1% in the BT-Med + UT-TI group at 10 and 50µg/mL, respectively in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by101% and 170.6%in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 50µg/mL in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 191.8% (at 0.01µg/mL) and 141.8% (10µg/mL)in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 88.1% (at 1µg/mL) and 44.9% (at 63µg/mL) in the BT-Med + UT-TI and UT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 19.6% and 13.6% in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 25µg/mL compared to untreated in A549 cells. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 475.6% (at 0.1µg/mL), 311.9% (at 1µg/mL), 400.5% (at 10µg/mL) and 250.9% (at 63µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group compared to the untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 185% and 285.8% in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10µg/mL compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Utterly, these results suggest that Biofield Energy Treated test formulation significantly improved the relevant bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain-related functional enzyme biomarkers. Altogether data suggest that the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be useful to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organ such as lungs, liver, heart, brain, and bones. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, arrhythmias, heart failure, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, pneumonia, asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[176] viXra:1909.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 02:35:45

Impact of Biofield Energy Treatment Based Test Formulation on Vital Organ Health Specific Biomarkers Using Cell Line Study

Authors: Ariadne Esmene Afaganis, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 15 Pages.

Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome or failure is one of the major concerns against healthcare services in order to maintain the normal function. The present study aimed to explore the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on the function of vital organs such as bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain using standard activity parameters in specific cell-based assays. The test formulation and cells medium was divided into two parts, one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Ariadne Esmene Afaganis, Canada and was labeled as the Biofield Treated (BT) test formulation/media. The test formulation was tested for cell viability, and the data suggested that the test formulation was found safe and non-toxic against all the cell lines. Cytoprotective activity among the experimental groups showed a significant improved activity by 94.4% at 1 µg/mL in untreated medium (UT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI) group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while 84.4% at 10 µg/mL in BT-Med + BT-TI groups in human hepatoma cells (HepG2), and 124% increased cytoprotective action at 1 µg/mL in UT-Med + BT-TI group in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) cells as compared with the untreated test group. ALP activity in MG-63 cells was significantly increased by 85.9% at 10 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while in Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 59.2% at 0.1 µg/mL in BT-Med + BT-TI groups as compared to the untreated group. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 53% and 40.5% at 1 and 10 µg/mL concentrations respectively, in UT-Med + BT-TI group, while BT-Med + UT-TI group showed increased protection by 68.5%, 70.7%, and 16.8% at 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/mL respectively, and 86.5%, 62.5%, and 34.2% improved cellular protection at 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/mL respectively, in BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated test group. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was reported by 33.5%, 63.2%, and 99.2% at 10 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated group. Cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) in terms of percentage was increased by increased by 39.8% (at 10 µg/mL), 44% (at 25.5 µg/mL), and 59.7% (at 25.5 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 59.2% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 190.3% (at 0.1 µg/mL), and 201% (at 1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 159.1% (at 50 µg/mL), 212.7% (at 1 µg/mL), and 278.3% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Thus, the present data concluded that the overall multiple organ health using various standard biomarkers in specific cell lines were significantly improved with respect to health of bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain after treatment with the Biofield Energy treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®). Thus, it can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy approach against many multiple organ disorders such as coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[175] viXra:1909.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 02:37:23

Impact of the Biofield Energy Healing Based Test Formulation on Various Health Biomarkers Using Cell-Based Assays

Authors: Elizabeth Patric, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 11 Pages.

Various complementary approaches have been used against multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), which is the major contributor in high mortality among the healthcare centers. The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of the Biofield Energy Treatment on test formulation and different cell line medium related with vital organs functioning. Different organ based cell lines were used in the study for testing the effects of test formulation. The test item (TI) and specific cell line media (Med) was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT-TI) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Elizabeth Patric, USA and were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. MTT assay was used for cell viability assay, and the results showed that the test item was found non-toxic. Cytoprotective action of the test formulation showed a significant maximum restoration of cell viability by 129.7% (at 1 µg/mL), 28.4% (at 63.75 µg/mL), and 44.5% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while 53.4% (at 63.75 µg/mL), 14.5% (at 10 µg/mL), and 22.9% (at 25.5 µg/mL) improved cellular protection of human hepatoma cells (HepG2) cells in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. In addition, cytoprotective activity in adenocarcinoma human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) showed improved cell viability by 25.6% (at 25.5 µg/mL), 59.8% (at 10 µg/mL), and 26.1% (at 1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. ALP activity in MG-63 cells was maximum increased by 84.9% at 50 µg/mL in the BT-Med + BT-TI group, while in Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 308.1% at 0.1 µg/mL in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. The maximum percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 76.7% (at 1 µg/mL), 44.3% (at 1 µg/mL), and 102.6% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI group, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Alanine amino transferase (ALT) in terms of percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was reported at 63.75 µg/mL by 70.6%, 89.9%, and 76.6% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) in terms of percentage was increased by 16.2% (at 10 µg/mL), 35.2% (at 63.75 µg/mL), and 17.7% (at 63.75 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 14.6% (at 25 µg/mL), 41.2% (at 1 µg/mL), and 70.8% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated test group in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 166.8%, 266.4%, and 153.3% at 0.1 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Thus, Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®) would be significantly useful for multiple organ health that can be used against coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[174] viXra:1909.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 02:38:12

Evaluation of the Impact of the Biofield Energy Treated Test Formulation on Various Biomarkers in human Bones, Heart, Liver, Lungs, and Brain Cells

Authors: Victoria Lee Vannes, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Vital organs dysfunctions are the major concern for human health worldwide. The study aim was to investigate the impact of Biofield Treated test formulation on vital organs function using cell-based assays. The test formulation/test item (TI) and cell media (Med) was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Victoria Lee Vannes, USA and was labeled as Biofield Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Based on the cell viability test formulation was found safe in six different cells. The test formulation groups showed 112.6% and 108.65% restoration of cell viability in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF); while, 845.63% restoration of cell viability in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to UT-Med + UT-TI group. Furthermore, 131.86% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) than untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 94.87%, 99.06%, and 105.13% in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) than untreated. Additionally, ALP level was significantly increased by 150.97%, 382.08%, and 471.4% in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) than untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 115.1% (1 µg/mL) and 165.77% (10 µg/mL)in BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively than untreated. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 117.65% (1 µg/mL) and 91.3% (63 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively than untreated. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 40.56% in UT-Med + BT-TI at 10 µg/mL than untreated. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 543.84% (1 µg/mL), 477.12% (10 µg/mL), and 457.22% (10 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively than untreated. The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 186.96%, 341.43%, and 291.31% in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively at 1 µg/mL than untreated. Overall, these results suggest that Biofield Treated test formulation significantly improved the bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain-related functional enzyme biomarkers. Therefore, the Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, arrhythmias, heart failure, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, pneumonia, asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[173] viXra:1909.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 05:07:47

On the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Gerard van der Ham
Comments: 1 Page.

The work of Einstein and Bell showed Copenhagen interpretation to be wrong.
Category: Quantum Physics

[172] viXra:1909.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 05:20:53

Modified Bisection Algorithm for Multiple Roots of Nonlinear Equation with the R Software

Authors: Kouider Mohammed Ridha
Comments: 3 Pages.

The most basic problem in numerical analysis (methods) is the root finding problem. In this paper we are interesting in represent numerical method which is the Modified Bisection Algorithm(MBA) referred to by Tanakan, (2013, [9]) for finding the multi-roots of a function. Hence in this study we programming the MBA for multi-roots with the R software.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[171] viXra:1909.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 06:50:08

Nanowires Newton's Glass Prism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids—a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation—capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[170] viXra:1909.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 07:16:41

Platinum Fuel Cell Catalysts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Platinum has long been used as a catalyst to enable the oxidation reduction reaction at the center of fuel cell technology. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43] Bioengineers and biophysicists from the have discovered that the toxicity of nanoparticles depends more on their size and the extent to which their surface area is charged than on their chemical composition. [42] That's now possible thanks to research by Rice University scientists who used the light-emitting properties of particular molecules to create a fluorescent nano-thermometer. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[169] viXra:1909.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 07:32:44

Origami Structures out of Graphene

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

A team of researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Vanderbilt University and the University of Maryland has created origami-like structures made out of graphene using scanning tunneling microscopy. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group explains how they achieved this feat and possible applications. [50] Platinum has long been used as a catalyst to enable the oxidation reduction reaction at the center of fuel cell technology. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43] Bioengineers and biophysicists from the have discovered that the toxicity of nanoparticles depends more on their size and the extent to which their surface area is charged than on their chemical composition. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[168] viXra:1909.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 08:18:22

Feature Optics and the Critical Planes of the Grating

Authors: Paul Mirsky
Comments: 24 Pages.

Feature optics (FO) was recently proposed as a new tool which models the beam and the grating as combinations of simple elements called features. This work applies FO to the many patterns formed by the light from a grating as it propagates into the far field, passing through various planes. We find that the entire process can be expressed naturally and beautifully in terms of FO.
Category: Quantum Physics

[167] viXra:1909.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 08:20:14

Symmetry and Asymmetry in Feature Optics

Authors: Paul Mirsky
Comments: 32 Pages.

The slab and wedge act as symmetry and asymmetry transforms on the states of optical features. We interpret these as the thermodynamic entropy and the information-theoretic entropy, respectively. We show how slabs and wedges affect the beam and the grating.
Category: Quantum Physics

[166] viXra:1909.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 09:44:40

Plants Enzyme Medicines

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

These reactions lead to a host of activities in plants, including converting primary metabolites like phenylalanine and tyrosine into vital specialized molecules called flavonoids. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25] Using x-rays to reveal the atomic-scale 3-D structures of proteins has led to countless advances in understanding how these molecules work in bacteria, viruses, plants, and humans-and has guided the development of precision drugs to combat diseases such as cancer and AIDS. [24] How did life arise on Earth? Rutgers researchers have found among the first and perhaps only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts-essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function-may have existed when life began. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17]
Category: Physics of Biology

[165] viXra:1909.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 10:20:34

Nanoparticles Neutron Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Since neutrons interact strongly with deuterium (heavy hydrogen), the researchers used a deuterated electrolyte in the battery cell to make both the solid products (sulphur and lithium sulphide) visible. [20] Researchers in Madrid, Spain, have now observed the quantization of electron energy levels in copper similar to the effects of confinement within a nanostructure, but in a copper sample with no nanoscale dimensions in the plane of the observed effects. [19] This method, called atomic spin squeezing, works by redistributing the uncertainty unevenly between two components of spin in these measurements systems, which operate at the quantum scale. [18] Researchers from the University of Cambridge have taken a peek into the secretive domain of quantum mechanics. [17] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11] Some three-dimensional materials can exhibit exotic properties that only exist in "lower" dimensions. For example, in one-dimensional chains of atoms that emerge within a bulk sample, electrons can separate into three distinct entities, each carrying information about just one aspect of the electron's identity-spin, charge, or orbit. The spinon, the entity that carries information about electron spin, has been known to control magnetism in certain insulating materials whose electron spins can point in any direction and easily flip direction. Now, a new study just published in Science reveals that spinons are also present in a metallic material in which the orbital movement of electrons around the atomic nucleus is the driving force behind the material's strong magnetism. [10] Currently studying entanglement in condensed matter systems is of great interest. This interest stems from the fact that some behaviors of such systems can only be explained with the aid of entanglement. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Condensed Matter

[164] viXra:1909.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 10:52:42

Unique Inside into Cells and Tissues

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

The development of mass spectrometry (MS) methods—those which define the chemical composition of cells—represent a further milestone for research in the field of cell biology. [27] These reactions lead to a host of activities in plants, including converting primary metabolites like phenylalanine and tyrosine into vital specialized molecules called flavonoids. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[163] viXra:1909.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 11:26:25

Polymers from Fragrant Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

A way of making organic polymers from the fragrant molecules in conifers and fruit trees has been developed by scientists at the University of Birmingham. [28] The development of mass spectrometry (MS) methods—those which define the chemical composition of cells—represent a further milestone for research in the field of cell biology. [27] These reactions lead to a host of activities in plants, including converting primary metabolites like phenylalanine and tyrosine into vital specialized molecules called flavonoids. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[162] viXra:1909.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 11:43:03

Hydrogen Peroxide Production Cleaning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

The most common process for making hydrogen peroxide begins with a highly toxic, flammable working solution that is combined with hydrogen, filtered, combined with oxygen, mixed in water, and then concentrated to extremely high levels for shipping. [29] A way of making organic polymers from the fragrant molecules in conifers and fruit trees has been developed by scientists at the University of Birmingham. [28] The development of mass spectrometry (MS) methods-those which define the chemical composition of cells-represent a further milestone for research in the field of cell biology. [27] These reactions lead to a host of activities in plants, including converting primary metabolites like phenylalanine and tyrosine into vital specialized molecules called flavonoids. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25] Using x-rays to reveal the atomic-scale 3-D structures of proteins has led to countless advances in understanding how these molecules work in bacteria, viruses, plants, and humans-and has guided the development of precision drugs to combat diseases such as cancer and AIDS. [24] How did life arise on Earth? Rutgers researchers have found among the first and perhaps only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts-essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function-may have existed when life began. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[161] viXra:1909.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 12:33:13

Riemann Hypothesis Proof by Hadamard Product and Monotonicity

Authors: Shekhar Suman
Comments: 5 Pages.

Analytic continuation by hadamard product is strictly monotonic which implies RH
Category: Number Theory

[160] viXra:1909.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 14:01:25

First Integrals and Lagrangian Analysis of Nonlinear Differential Equations

Authors: M. Nonti, J. Akande, P. Mallick, K. K. D. AdjaÏ, B. Rath, M. D. Monsia
Comments: 2 pages

We propose in this paper first integrals and Lagrangian analysis of nonlinear differential equations.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[159] viXra:1909.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 14:11:28

Further Mathematical Connections Between the Dark Matter Candidate Particles, Some Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions and the Physics of Black Holes. II

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 114 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained further interesting new possible mathematical connections concerning the mathematics of Ramanujan mock theta functions, some sectors of Particle Physics, concerning principally the Dark Matter candidate particles and the physics of black holes.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[158] viXra:1909.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 14:12:19

Microwave Resonance and Doppler Effect

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 2 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications

A standing wave can be formed in a microwave resonator if the length of the resonator is equal to one half of the wavelength multiplied by an integer. Two observers moving at the same speed will observe the resonator of the same length. They will also observe the same wavelength as the wavelength is proportional to the length of the resonator. If one observer moves in the opposite direction, they will observe an identical wavelength but two different frequencies due to the Doppler effect. Therefore, the apparent speed of the microwave appears to be different for these two observers.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[157] viXra:1909.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 14:35:08

Curve Decimation in SE(2) and SE(3)

Authors: Jan Hakenberg
Comments: 9 Pages.

We generalize the Ramer-Douglas-Peucker algorithm to operate on a sequence of elements from a Lie group. As the original, the new algorithm bounds the approximation error, and has an expected runtime complexity of O(n log n). We apply the curve decimation to data recorded from a car-like robot in SE(2), as well as from a drone in SE(3). The results show that many samples of the original sequence can be dropped while maintaining a high-quality approximation to the original trajectory.
Category: Geometry

[156] viXra:1909.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 22:10:56

Mechanism of Xenon Anesthetic Action in Spin-mediated Consciousness Theory & Its Experimental Support

Authors: Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu
Comments: 18 Pages. Published in Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research, 10(6): pp. 425-442

In this paper, we discuss the mechanism of xenon anesthetic action in spin-mediated consciousness theory in light of the recent experimental findings of Li, et.al. on nuclear spins of xenon isotopes, xenon 131 and xenon 129, attenuating their anesthetic potency in mice. In the spin-mediated consciousness theory put forward in 2002, molecules containing unpaired electron spins, such as oxygen (O2) and nitric oxide (NO), interact with the mind pixels comprised of various nuclear spins in neural membranes and proteins and activate the latter as one of the steps generating conscious experience. Therefore, general anesthetics such as xenon produce anesthesia by perturbing O2 and/or NO pathways in neural membranes and proteins thus blocking and/or distorting their activation functions in consciousness. Naturally, the nuclear spins of xenon 131 and xenon 129 may partially play the activating roles of displaced O2 and/or NO among other possibilities to be briefly discussed and, thus attenuate the anesthetic potency of nuclear-spin-carrying xenon isotopes.
Category: Mind Science

[155] viXra:1909.0171 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-26 23:24:10

A New Description For Quantum Systems And Uncertain Complex Wave

Authors: Nguyen Dinh Dung
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper suggests a new axiomatic system to describe quantum systems. It can solve elegantly the measurement problem. The wave function collapse is understood by an axiom about possible states. And observable properties are driven by the Schrodinger equation without the axioms about operators in orthodox quantum mechanics. From the new description , a strange quantum reality is suggested.
Category: Quantum Physics

[154] viXra:1909.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 01:48:19

[ Ironruby+.netsdk/linux/mruby Qrng Library/clips .net Expert Systems Software/clips ] Framework for Medical Image Processing

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication

[ IronRuby+.NETSDK/Linux/mruby qrng library/CLIPS .NET Expert Systems Software/CLIPS ] Framework in the Context of Designing Next Generation Medical Image Processing Heterogeneous Software and Monitoring Using [ QRNGService/QRNG-Device ] based on Machine Learning Concepts – An Important but Simple R&D Suggestion for [ IoT/HPC ] Image Processing Software Architecture Implementation.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[153] viXra:1909.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 01:54:11

Cell-Based Vital Organs Specific Biomarkers Assessment using Biofield Energy Based Novel Test Formulation

Authors: Janice Patricia Kinney, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 15 Pages.

The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of Biofield Energy Treated test formulation using six different cell-lines. The test formulation/item (TI) and cell media (Med) was divided into two parts; one part was untreated (UT) and other part received Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Janice Patricia Kinney, USA and labeled as Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test item (TI)/ media. Based on cell viability assay, test formulation was found as safe at tested concentrations. Cytoprotective activity of test formulation showed a significant restoration of cell viability by 60.6% (10 µg/mL), 67.5% (63.75 µg/mL), and 117.5% (63.75 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively compared to untreated in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells. Moreover, restoration of cell viability was improved by 64% and 127.3% in UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + UT-TI, respectively at 1 µg/mL compared to untreated in human liver cancer (HepG2) cells. Cellular restoration in A549 cells was improved by 314% and 112.3% at 1 µg/mL in BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively than untreated. ALP activity in Ishikawa cells was significantly increased by 175.5%, 547.2%, and 220.8% in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL as compared to untreated. Additionally, in MG-63 cells showed increased ALP activity by 76.9%, 78.4%, and 79% in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively at 50 µg/mL compared to untreated. The percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 60.6% (10 µg/mL), 67.5% (63.75 µg/mL), and 117.5% (63.75 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively as compared to untreated. An improved HepG2 cells protection (represents decreased ALT activity) by 115.1% (1 µg/mL), 42.5% (25.5 µg/mL), and 60.8% (10 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively as compared to untreated. Percentage cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (represents increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 191.1% and 81.4% at 0.1 µg/mL in UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively as compared to untreated. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 31.8% (10 µg/mL) and 56.9% (25.5 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). Relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 304.3% (0.01 µg/mL), 128.4% (0.1 µg/mL), and 240% (0.1 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively compared to untreated in MG-63 cells. Thus, Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®) significantly improved organ specific functional biomarkers and would be useful for multiple organs health related to coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[152] viXra:1909.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 01:54:42

Role of the Biofield Energy Treated Test Formulation on Different Vital Organ Specific Biomarkers

Authors: William Dean Plikerd, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 10 Pages.

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation using cell lines relat-ed with vital organs functioning. In vitro cells based assay were performed to study the effects on the bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain cells. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one part was untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, William Dean Plikerd, USA and labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. The test formulation was tested against various activities using cell line assay in their specific medium (Med). The test formulation was tested for cell viability, and the results showed that the test formulation at tested concentrations was found safe and non-toxic. Cytoprotective action of the test formulation showed a significant maximum restoration of cell viability by 133.4% (at 1 µg/mL), 65.7% (at 10 µg/mL), and 86.8% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while improved restoration of cell viability by 97.4% (at 1 µg/mL), 85.7% (at 10 µg/mL), and 81.9% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respect-tively, as compared to the untreated test group in HepG2 cells. Cellular restoration in A549 cells was improved by 174.2%, 472.6%, 118%, and 279.2% at 0.1, 1, 10, and 25.5 µg/mL respectively, in the BT-Med + UT-TI group, while 1514%, 1654.8%, 449.8%, and 540.4% improved cellular restoration was reported at 0.1, 1, 10, and 25.5 µg/mL respectively, at BT-Med + BT-TI groups as compared to the untreated test group. ALP activity in MG-63 cells was significantly increased by 93.4% at 50 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while in Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 107.4% at 50 µg/mL in the BT-Med + UT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. The maximum percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 35.9% at 10 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while BT-Med + UT-TI group showed increased protection by 69.3% at 1 µg/mL, and improved cellular protection by 119.1% and 44% at 1 and 10 µg/mL respectively, in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated test group. Alanine amino transferase (ALT) activity was reported in terms of percent cellular protection of HepG2 (liver) cells. Results showed improved HepG2 cells protection (represents decreased ALT activity) by 23.8% (at 10 µg/mL), 98.1% (at 25.5 µg/mL), and 97.6% (at 25 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Percentage cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (represents increased of SOD activity) was increased by 73.5%, 109.8%, and 97.7% at 0.1 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respect-tively as compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased 68% (at 25 µg/mL), 75.7% (at 0.1 µg/mL), and 57.2% (at 25 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated test group in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 16.4% (at 10 µg/mL), 182% (at 50 µg/mL), and 137.1% (at 50 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. In conclusion, Biofield Energy treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®) would be significantly useful for multiple organs health that can be used against coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[151] viXra:1909.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 01:55:20

Biofield Energy Treatment Based Test Formulation as a Novel and Efficient Approach on Various Biomarkers in human Bones, Heart, Liver, Lungs, and Brain Cells

Authors: Laura Nelson Streicher, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 15 Pages.

Multiple organ dysfunction syndromes (MODS) are one of the common reasons for increased mortality rate against healthcare services. The present experiment aimed to determine the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on the function of vital organs such as bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain using standard activity parameters in specific cell-based assays. The test formulation and cells medium was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Laura Nelson Streicher, and USA and were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. The test formulation was tested against various activities using cell line assay. The test formulation was tested for cell viability, and the results showed that the test formulation was found non-toxic against all the cell lines at the tested concentrations. Cytoprotective activity among the experimental groups showed a significant improved activity by 156.9% at 1 µg/mL in UT- medium (Med) + BT - test item/formulation (TI) group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while 94.5% at 25.5 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI group in human hepatoma cells (HepG2), and 92.4% at 63.75 µg/mL in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared with the untreated test group in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) cells as compared with the untreated test group. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in MG-63 cells was significantly increased by 80.2% and 93.5% at 10 and 50 µg/mL respectively in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while in Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 51.5% at 1 µg/mL in UT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of lactate dehydrogenase-LDH activity) was significantly increased by 156.9% and 18.3% at 1 and 10 µg/mL concentrations respectively, in UT-Med + BT-TI group, while BT-Med + UT-TI group showed increased protection by 24.5% and 17.7% at10 and 25.5 µg/mL respectively, and 67.1%, 32.2%, 47.7%, and 73.1% improved cellular protection 1, 10, 25.5, and 63.75 µg/mL respectively, in BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated test group. Alanine amino transferase (ALT) in terms of percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was reported by 93.1% and 64.1% at 1 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + UT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated group. Cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of superoxide dismutase-SOD activity) in terms of percentage was increased by 20.6% (at 0.1 µg/mL) and 6.9% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 59.3% (at 10 µg/mL), 55.6% (at 1 µg/mL), and 100.1% (at 0.1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 150.6% (at 50 µg/mL), 380.1% (at 10 µg/mL), and 148.1% (at 50 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. In conclusion, test formulation would be significantly useful for multiple organ health and improve overall health of bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain after treatment with the Biofield Energy treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®). As a complementary and alternative therapy, Biofield Energy approach can be used against coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[150] viXra:1909.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 04:54:56

Monitor Cancer in Treatment Process

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

The researchers aim to develop an endoscope-compatible fibre-optic probe that combines diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. [33] Automated radiotherapy planning is a boon for medical physicists and dosimetrists, radiotherapy departments, and patients themselves-according to a team at Cone Health Cancer Center. [32] Proton CT is proposed as an alternative to X-ray CT for acquiring relative stopping power (RSP) maps for use in proton treatment planning. [31] Since protons were first used to treat hospital cancer patients in the early 1990s, around 100 000 people have benefited from this alternative form of radiation therapy. [30] Researchers have moved closer to the real-time verification of hadron therapy, demonstrating the in vivo accuracy of simulations that predict particle range in the patient. [29] A biomimetic nanosystem can deliver therapeutic proteins to selectively target cancerous tumors, according to a team of Penn State researchers. [28] Sunlight is essential for all life, and living organisms have evolved to sense and respond to light. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[149] viXra:1909.0165 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-02 02:24:43

A Proof of Goldbach's Binary Conjecture

Authors: Sitangsu Maitra
Comments: 6 pages

Proof of Goldbach's strong conjecture in a different way
Category: Number Theory

[148] viXra:1909.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 06:17:13

Gravity Expansions

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to present gravity expansions concept.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[147] viXra:1909.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 07:13:12

AI Predict Hybrid Nanoparticle Structure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers at the Nanoscience Center and Faculty of Information Technology in the University of Jyväskylä, Finland, have achieved a significant step forward in predicting atomic structures of hybrid nanoparticles. [32] Using machine-learning and an integrated photonic chip, researchers from INRS (Canada) and the University of Sussex (UK) can now customize the properties of broadband light sources. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[146] viXra:1909.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 07:47:06

Optical Ruler Measure to Nanoscale

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Mathematical Sciences describes a new optical method that can measure displacements of a nanometer-the smallest distance ever directly measured, using near infrared light. [32] Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: Condensed Matter

[145] viXra:1909.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 08:12:13

Revolutionary Optical Material

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

An international team of researchers has reported a new way to safeguard drones, surveillance cameras and other equipment against laser attacks, which can disable or destroy the equipment. The capability is known as optical limiting. [33] However, a discovery published in the journal Science by Professor Nikolay Zheludev and Dr. Guanghui Yuan at NTU's School of Physical & Mathematical Sciences describes a new optical method that can measure displacements of a nanometer-the smallest distance ever directly measured, using near infrared light. [32] Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing,
Category: Condensed Matter

[144] viXra:1909.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 08:19:26

Diffusion Gravity: Attraction Mechanism

Authors: DH Fulton
Comments: 8 Pages.

Previous research papers [1,2] introduced the Diffusion Gravity model which invokes the process of mass diffusion to explain gravity, motion, acceleration, energy and extensibility of the model to larger scales. This article is an elaboration of that introductory description of the DG model, with the objective to describe more thoroughly the gravitational attraction mechanism. It will show that the mechanisms of virtual particle flux and quantum mechanical annihilation together reduce the density of virtual particles in the stream between mass objects. Virtual particle streams act as carriers to transport information about mass and direction of the source masses, which dynamically interact with other virtual particle fluxes from distant objects to induce gravitational attraction. As a quasi-deterministic model, and as a hybrid of classical Newtonian and quantum mechanical principles, the Diffusion Gravity model represents a quantum physical process that manifests as gravity at the classical level, which reflects in the Poisson equation for gravity; essentially these two component models are combined into a quantum mechanical representation of the mass diffusion phenomenon as the causality for gravity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[143] viXra:1909.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 08:34:37

Nanoparticles Reduce Tumors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Another collaborative project from a nanoparticles expert at The University of Texas at Arlington has yielded promising results in the search for more effective, targeted cancer treatments. [33] Automated radiotherapy planning is a boon for medical physicists and dosimetrists, radiotherapy departments, and patients themselves-according to a team at Cone Health Cancer Center. [32] Proton CT is proposed as an alternative to X-ray CT for acquiring relative stopping power (RSP) maps for use in proton treatment planning. [31] Since protons were first used to treat hospital cancer patients in the early 1990s, around 100 000 people have benefited from this alternative form of radiation therapy. [30] Researchers have moved closer to the real-time verification of hadron therapy, demonstrating the in vivo accuracy of simulations that predict particle range in the patient. [29] A biomimetic nanosystem can deliver therapeutic proteins to selectively target cancerous tumors, according to a team of Penn State researchers. [28] Sunlight is essential for all life, and living organisms have evolved to sense and respond to light. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[142] viXra:1909.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 09:28:56

Opportunities from Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Ross joined the Department of Materials Science and Engineering (DMSE) faculty last year, moving from the nanoscale materials analysis department at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center. "I learned a tremendous amount from my IBM colleagues and hope to extend our research in material design and growth in new directions," she says. [34] Another collaborative project from a nanoparticles expert at The University of Texas at Arlington has yielded promising results in the search for more effective, targeted cancer treatments. [33]
Category: Condensed Matter

[141] viXra:1909.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 10:18:17

A First Look at Feature Optics

Authors: Paul Mirsky
Comments: 14 Pages.

Feature optics is a new proposal for modeling diffraction and interference in terms of simple elements called features. We combine features to form composite systems by taking the outer product of the individual features’ state vectors. The Fourier transform takes on a surprisingly simple form. We apply the new method to the beam and the diffraction grating.
Category: Quantum Physics

[140] viXra:1909.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 10:56:48

Promoting 3D Printing of Food with Robotic Butlers and Delivery LandBots.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar.
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract This paper describes the design of the robotic kitchen of Mutter Gottlich, a non-profit nature spirituality organization. The kitchen is designed as an open space architecture under the Banyan Canopy[1](“Website” n.d.). The use of 3D printers for the production of pancakes, pancake pizzas, Dosas, Dosa Pizzas, vegetable, and vegan meat substrates and chocolate and cakes is described. Robots, namely the Loomo and the R1D2 are mentioned. The detailed design of these robots is mentioned elsewhere. These robots are fully automated to run the facility. The facility along with a spiritual sculpture garden, succulent garden for meditation and a sacred tree for worship and a sacred fireplace, provide for an open-air church/temple. The facility serves as a meeting place for aspirants to meet to compose and sing music and group meditate. It unifies diverse cultures, promotes ecological sustainability and serves as a food pantry for low-income families serving the Freemium business model. Keywords: Robotics, Automation, 3D printing, Food Printers.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[139] viXra:1909.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 12:31:10

Using Total Axial Angular Momentum to Determine the Age of Exoplanets, or Why Do Planets Spin at Different Energies?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 6 Pages.

: Some ideas are presented to try and fit total axial angular momentum into the picture of gyro-chrono-logy, or "spin", "age", "study". The total axial angular momentums are calculated for specific bodies and made into a dimensionless number called William's Number. The William's number cutoff is arbitrarily set at 1 * 10^3. Graphs with explanations are provided, along with a chart with the predicted ages of the old stars in our system and others. The purpose of this paper is to finally give reason as to why some objects in our solar system have more spin energy (a calculated abstraction) than others, and to explain why they spin in the first place. Dimensionless number is total axial angular momentum divided by 1 * 10^31, with the kg *m^2*s^-1 removed. This paper is subject to revision as the new field of gyrochronology is developed.
Category: Astrophysics

[138] viXra:1909.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 13:41:13

On Prime NumbersⅢ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is on primes3.
Category: Number Theory

[137] viXra:1909.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 13:44:34

Mutter Gottlich, Meditation I

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages.

Mutter Gottlich is a sacred space for Mother ISIS and Goddess Gaia, that is now hosted at http://vayuvaidya.weebly.com We offer daily service to Mother ISIS and Goddess Gaia through prayer, meditation and Yagna. We also offer wild flowers endemic to the mid-west and chrysanthemums to Mutter Gottlich, do genome conservation of wild flowers and ecological restoration of wild flowers in the mid-west. Following is a brief description of the theology and practice of the special Kundalini meditation on Super Consciousness for ISIS and Goddess Gaia.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[136] viXra:1909.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 14:18:19

The Valuation of Credit Default Swap with Counterparty Risk and Collateralization

Authors: Xiao, Tim
Comments: 26 Pages.

This article presents a new model for valuing a credit default swap (CDS) contract that is affected by multiple credit risks of the buyer, seller and reference entity. We show that default dependency has a significant impact on asset pricing. In fact, correlated default risk is one of the most pervasive threats in financial markets. We also show that a fully collateralized CDS is not equivalent to a risk-free one. In other words, full collateralization cannot eliminate counterparty risk completely in the CDS market.
Category: Economics and Finance

[135] viXra:1909.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 20:02:20

Solar System Motion Analysis (I)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 38 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses Hypothesis No. (1) "Solar System has One Unified Motion- i.e. All Planets Move Together In One Unified Motion" This motion is similar to a train motion –as the train moves with all carriages together The Solar System moves With All Planets Together One Unified General Motion. Although the Planets Velocities are different from each other – that can't disprove the hypothesis – where we see simply in any machine of gears how the gears move with different velocities but all gears together produce one general cooperative motion. Hypothesis No. (2) Energy is transported Through the Solar system Resulting of Solar System Energy Transportation (1)Planets data is created (2)Planets Motions became one unified motion
Category: Astrophysics

[134] viXra:1909.0149 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-01 14:16:49

Energy Pairs might turn to Dark Energy

Authors: Moshe Segal
Comments: 23 Pages.

After the presentation of the Special Relativity Theory by Einstein, the concept of Mass was discovered to be a special form of Energy. Thus, the concept of Electric Charge remained the only distinct entity in Physics that is not equated with Energy. Actually, the fact that charge exists in two types, positive and negative, might be one of the crucial reasons why it was difficult to analyze the concept of charge and consider it as another form of energy. In an article named "Electric Charges as Energy Pairs" that can be found at http://viXra.org/abs/1909.0098 the assumption that Charge might also be considered as a form of Energy was presented and discussed, from several points of view. This article argues that the claim that Electric Charge might be a form of Energy, might be valid. However, if electric charges are a form of energy, they must belong to a set of "Energy Pairs". As charge might be positive or negative, the energy embedded in charge should also be of two energy types, which are assigned to one set of "Energy Pairs". The article presents the "Energy Pairs" Theory that states that electric fields energies or magnetic fields energies, which are dependent on the existence of a force field (electric or magnetic) in order to exist, can annihilate each other, in certain situations, an annihilation that seems to violate the Energy Conservation Principle. The theory of "Energy Pairs" is actually proved by the following scenario: A scenario of very focused two source electromagnetic traveling waves, focused such that they can be considered as traveling only in one dimension, which are colliding, and following this collision, the waves consolidate, and continue to travel in the same direction. Analysis of this scenario reveals that there might be a loss of the energy that these waves carried before that consolidation, which might be a clear violation of the Energy Conservation Principle, which is also what the "energy Pairs" theory states. And if, following this consolidation, the waves have same energy and opposite amplitudes in their electric fields and also in their magnetic fields the waves actually seem to disappear. The theory of "Energy Pairs" might be very helpful in explaining and understanding some crucial unresolved problems in the science of Physics today, like dark energy, the charge disappearance in collisions between electron and positron and others. The article examines the energy embedded in electric and magnetic fields, and then, the "Energy Pairs" theory is used to explain and better understand the observations and results. This analysis provides a deep and surprising view, not only on the specific process examined, but also in better understanding of the biggest unresolved problems of the science of Physics today, like the expansion of the universe and the dark energy issue
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[133] viXra:1909.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 04:28:46

Atoms Receive Communication Signals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 94 Pages.

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a new type of sensor that uses atoms to receive commonly used communications signals. [57] "We will also work on initiating two-qubit quantum gates between the atoms to build a 2D quantum processor based on so-called Rydberg interactions," reveals Birkl, "and implement large-scale quantum entanglement and quantum simulation." [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[132] viXra:1909.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 05:00:09

Silicon Carbide Semiconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

Physicists of the University of Basel, the Paul Scherrer Institute and ABB explain what prevents the use of this combination of silicon and carbon in the scientific journal Applied Physics Letters. [30] A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Condensed Matter

[131] viXra:1909.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 07:39:26

Understanding Neutrino Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

In the quest to prove that matter can be produced without antimatter, the GERDA experiment at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory in Italy is looking for signs of neutrinoless double beta decay. [26] The announcement was made during the CHARM 2018 international workshop in Novosibirsk in Russia: a charming moment for this doubly charmed particle. [25] The group, in work published in Physical Review Letters, has now used powerful theoretical and computational tools to predict the existence of a "most strange" dibaryon, made up of two "Omega baryons" that contain three strange quarks each. [24] The nuclear physicists found that the proton's building blocks, the quarks, are subjected to a pressure of 100 decillion Pascal (10 35) near the center of a proton, which is about 10 times greater than the pressure in the heart of a neutron star. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been "squeezed" to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by "twisted light" can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17] Physicists from Trinity College Dublin's School of Physics and the CRANN Institute, Trinity College, have discovered a new form of light, which will impact our understanding of the fundamental nature of light. [16]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[130] viXra:1909.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:03:22

Speculation on 9/11 WTC Collapse

Authors: Kiyoung Kim
Comments: 15 Pages.

There have been numerous questions and suspicions against the 9/11 Commission Report, which seems to encourage people to find a possible explanation for the collapse of WTC buildings. The most appallingly perplexing question is how the collapse of 7 WTC building was possible, which was almost like a free falling and also looked like drowning smoothly into a uniform medium like water. Also, with the collapse of WTC buildings many unusual inexplicable phenomena were accompanied at the site of WTC, nearby the WTC, and even at remote area in Alaska. Based on phenomenological facts and in the domain of conventional science, any reasonable explanation for the collapse of WTC buildings cannot be found. However, if the electric interaction is considered below the ground surface, which is accompanied in phenomena as always but ignored in usual, the collapse of WTC buildings can be explained with the interpretation of Hutchison effect in 4-D complex space.
Category: Classical Physics

[129] viXra:1909.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:08:46

Black Hole Movies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

By the time an international group of scientists stunned the world with the first ever image of a black hole, they were already planning a sequel: a movie showing how massive clouds of gas are forever sucked into the void. [22] We now understand that massive stars and black holes typically segregate into a disk," said Ákos Szölgyén of Eötvös University, Hungary, who led the study that has been published in the journal Physical Review Letters. [21]
Category: Astrophysics

[128] viXra:1909.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:27:39

A Prominent Researcher of the Humanities

Authors: Magnus Carlsson
Comments: 1 Page.

A prominent researcher of the humanities and his deeds are described.
Category: Social Science

[127] viXra:1909.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:41:31

Superconductivity Quantum Discoveries

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Ultimately, Li said, the combination of a superconducting and a magnetic system allows for precise coupling and decoupling of the magnon and photon, presenting opportunities for manipulating quantum information. [30] Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [29] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[126] viXra:1909.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:58:53

Deep Learning Statistical Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

A team of scientists at Freie Universität Berlin has developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) method that provides a fundamentally new solution of the "sampling problem" in statistical physics. [27] Deep learning, which uses multi-layered artificial neural networks, is a form of machine learning that has demonstrated significant advances in many fields, including natural language processing, image/video labeling and captioning. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[125] viXra:1909.0138 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-07 16:48:41

On the Foundational Conflict of Quantum Theory and Classical Gravity

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 3 Pages.

We compile a short list of reasons explaining why Quantum Theory (QT) and General Relativity (GR) cannot be trivially reconciled. Our opinion reflects a personal viewpoint and is likely to stand at odds with mainstream beliefs on Quantum Gravity, Black Hole phenomenology and related foundational topics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[124] viXra:1909.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 10:01:09

About Tests of Special Relativity

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages

Now the Special Relativity Theory (SRT) is the cornerstone of contemporary physics. The proof of SRT is based on three basic experiments. The analysis of them shows that ordinary physics is sufficient for the interpretation of experimental results and there is no need for SRT. Therefore the above-mentioned experiments are not proof of SRT.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[123] viXra:1909.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 10:18:16

Graphene Origami Quantum Precision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Now, by replacing the graphite with high-quality graphene nanoislands, researchers in China and the US have finally leveraged the atomic-level control of STM into an origami nanofabrication tool with a comparable level of precision. [29] Disperse graphene in a suitable solvent and the resulting nanofluid will have much better thermal properties than the original liquid. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[122] viXra:1909.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 12:02:18

Solar Planets Move Together In One Unified Motion (As A Train Motion)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 25 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis Solar Planets Move In One General Motion (As A Train Motion) The Hypothesis Explanation -Solar Group Is Similar to One Building And Each Planet Is A Part Of This Building (or solar group is similar to one machine and each planet is a gear in it) -Planets Motions is done As One Unified Motion -As a train moves with all its carriages – similar to that – solar group moves one unified motion with all planets together -Although Planets Velocities Are Different from each other – that – can't disprove this theory –because – as in any machine of gears – the different velocities of gears consist together the machine one general motion This paper tries to prove this fact
Category: Astrophysics

[121] viXra:1909.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 12:19:29

On the Role of Mean Proportionals in the Analysis of Uniformly Accelerated Motion

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty padyala
Comments: 8 Pages.

Proportionals and mean proportional have been extensively used by Galileo in the analysis of uniformly accelerated motion. Mean proportionals are of special interest in uniformly accelerated motion because they are directly related to relative times of motion. It is, therefore, very important for us to get a clear understanding of the concept and its use in order to follow Galileo’s analysis. We discuss in this article, the concept, the definition, geometric representation and use of mean proportional. We also give two examples, one each, for motion on inclined plane and for projectile motion, that give a feel for the pivotal role played by mean proportional in Galileo’s analysis of uniformly accelerated motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[120] viXra:1909.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 14:16:06

Intentional Economy

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Intentional Economy is defined as an alternative lifestyle based economy that is essentially circular axiomatically. It has a coherence defined by sustainability, conservation of natural genome, spirituality and a common philosophy. This paper is on the definition and the status of the Intentional Economy, and a proof that Intentional Living is the way to World Peace. We define a Lean inspired system called Lean A.I derived from the Referendum formulation of e Governance based on the design of the Skynet, an A.I and data mining based network and the Lean inspire ‘Vahi ka Vahi’(VKV) model, that calls for open and pro global designs, and local manufacturing by 3D printing that is sustainable. As an example of the VKV model, we consider the case study of printing 3D printers using 3D printers or the Y lambda operator metaphor. Keywords: Intention Economy, Intentional Economy, Additive Printing, Cloud Computing, Robotics, RPA, DPA, Flex-Rules, Lean Management , Lean Manufacturing, Vahi Ka Vahi,
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[119] viXra:1909.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 18:15:03

Freemium Model of Technology and Services.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar.
Comments: 6 Pages.

Abstract This paper describes a common business model in the software industry, the dual licensing model which we extend to the freemium and two-world model. This model is extended to the 3DP economy, housing, clothing, food and technology. The model combines the dual source licensing of resilient lego homes, MRE food and all weather clothing and designs. Several case studies are described, such as MRE food and the design of 3D printers to propagate 3DP. The freemium model is proven to increase product diffusion, overall sales and is a better promotional mechanism compared to internet and media advertising. Keywords: Freemium, Two-World, Dual- Licensing, 3DP, Case Studies.
Category: Economics and Finance

[118] viXra:1909.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 19:26:18

Quantum and Classical Random Walks

Authors: Tristan Anthony Dobrian
Comments: 55 Pages.

This is a comprehensive and self-contained introduction to the math that underlies classical random walks and quantum random walk simulations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[117] viXra:1909.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 19:29:06

Calculating the Hawking Temperature in a Variant of the Near Horizon Metric

Authors: Tristan Anthony Dobrian
Comments: 12 Pages.

A modied version of the near horizon metric is introduced, that puts the near horizon metric in the same form as one of the most commonly-used metric variants of Rindler space. The metric is then used to calculate the Hawking temperature, using the WKB tunneling approximation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[116] viXra:1909.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 23:09:07

Refutation of the Innovation Contest in Two Sequential Stages

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluated the definition of the conjectured model for the innovation contest in two sequential stages as not tautologous, forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Economics and Finance

[115] viXra:1909.0128 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-08 03:39:56

Denial of a Conjectured Experimental Model for Search Fund Study

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the diagram of the search cycle for percentage of funds in each phase and returns for terminal funds. It is not tautologous, hence denying the conjectured model of the experiment. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Economics and Finance

[114] viXra:1909.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 01:14:52

Measuring Changes in Magnetic Order

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

A possible way of surpassing traditional electronics is through the use of antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials. [50] Stephen Wilson, a professor of materials in UC Santa Barbara's College of Engineering, works in that "long before" realm, seeking to create new materials that exhibit desirable new states. [49] A phenomenon that is well known from chaos theory was observed in a material for the first time ever, by scientists from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. [48] Plasmonic nanostructures have been widely used for enhancing light-matter interactions due to the strong local field enhancement in deep subwavelength volumes. [47]
Category: Condensed Matter

[113] viXra:1909.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 01:25:42

Biofield Energy Therapy: Role in Multiple Organ Health Specific Biomarkers in Cell-Based Assay

Authors: Sakina Aleemah Ansari, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 15 Pages.

The major cause of high rate of mortality is the multiple organ dysfunction among critical care healthcare services. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation using standard and specific cell lines related with vital organs functioning. The test formulation and the specific cell media was divided into two parts; one part was untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Sakina Aleemah Ansari, USA and labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. The test formulation was tested against various activities using cell line assay in their specific medium (Med). The test formulation was tested for cell viability, and the results showed that the test formulation at tested concentrations was found safe and non-toxic. Cytoprotective activity showed improved cellular restoration by 105.4% (at 25 µg/mL), 32.8% (at 25 µg/mL), and 151.8% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group in the human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while improved restoration of cell viability by 22.4% (at 25.5 µg/mL), 67.1% (at 10 µg/mL), and 72.9% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group in HepG2 cells. Cellular restoration in A549 cells was improved by 9.3%, 70.4%, and 14.1% at 0.1, 1, and 25.5 µg/mL respectively, in the BT-Med + UT-TI group, while 3% and 4.6% improved cellular restoration was reported at 10 and 25.5 µg/mL respectively, at BT-Med + BT-TI groups as compared to the untreated test group. ALP activity in Ishikawa cells was significantly increased by 68.4%, 41.1%, and 18.8% at 0.1, 10, and 50 µg/mL respectively, in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while in MG-63 cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 92.7%, 84.5%, and 93.2% respectively in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI group respectively, at 50 µg/mL as compared to the untreated group. The maximum percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 51.6%, 88.7%, and 53.7% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, at 10 µg/mL as compared to the untreated group. Alanine amino transferase (ALT) activity was reported in terms of percent cellular protection of HepG2 (liver) cells. The test data showed improved HepG2 cells protection (represents decreased ALT activity) by 33%, 90.2%, and 72.1% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, at 25 µg/mL as compared to the untreated test group. Percentage cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (represents increased of SOD activity) was increased by 21.5% at 25.5 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI, while 33.4%, 25.8%, and 21.5% at 1, 10, and 25.5 µg/mL respectively, in the BT-Med + UT-TI group, and 12.8% increased SOD activity at 25.5 µg/mL in the BT-Med + BT-TI groups as compared to the untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased 137.4% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 65.4% (at 0.1 µg/mL), and 77.3% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated test group in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 24.2% (at 1 µg/mL), 213.7% (at 10 µg/mL), and 328.7% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Thus, the data concluded that The Trivedi Effect® would be significantly useful for improving multiple organs health, which can be used for many coronary artery diseases, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[112] viXra:1909.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 01:26:17

In Vitro Cell-Based Biomarkers Study of Vital Organs: Impact of the Biofield Energy Based Test Formulation

Authors: Krista Joanne Callas, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 16 Pages.

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of Biofield Energy Treated test formulation using multiple cell-lines. The test formulation and cell media (Med) was divided into two parts; one part was untreated (UT) and other part received Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Krista Joanne Callas, USA and labeled as Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test item (TI)/Med. Based on cell viability, test formulation was found safe. Cytoprotective action of test formulation showed significant restoration of cell viability by 89.9% and 106.4% in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while improved restoration of cell viability by 77.3% and 69% in HepG2 cells compared to untreated. Cellular restoration in A549 cells was also improved by 141.2% and 157.1% compared to untreated. ALP activity was significantly increased by 118.7% and 140.7% in UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + UT-TI, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL than untreated. Percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 89.9% and 106.4% in UT -Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively than untreated. HepG2 cells protection (decreased ALT activity) was increased by 59.8% in BT-Med + BT-TI than untreated. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) level was increased by 22.8% in BT-Med + BT-TI than untreated. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 361.7% and 197.6% in BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively than untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 116.5%, 214.7%, and 241.5% in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively than untreated in MG-63 cells. Overall, data showed a significant improvement of organ-specific functional enzyme biomarkers. Thus, Biofield Energy Treated Test formulation (the Trivedi Effect®) would be useful for multiple organs health that can be beneficial against coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[111] viXra:1909.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 01:26:54

The Potential Health Benefits of the Consciousness Energy Treated Novel Test Formulation on Various Functional Enzyme Biomarkers

Authors: Shirley Theresa Holmlund, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 13 Pages.

The study objective was to investigate the effect of the Consciousness Energy Treated test formulation on vital organs like bones, heart, liver, lungs and brain using various cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Shirley Theresa Holmlund, Canada and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the test formulation was safe and non-toxic in six different cells. The Biofield Energy Treated Medium (BT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI) group showed 115.6% and 53.3% restoration of viable cells at 10 and 25 µg/mL, respectively in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group. Moreover, the BT-Med + UT-TI group showed 113.5% and 73.5% restoration of cell viability at 0.1 and 1 µg/mL, respectively in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to the untreated group. Furthermore, 101.1%, 829.8% and 698.9% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL compared to the untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 97.9% and 69.7% in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 50 µg/mL in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by 58.2% in the BT-Med + BT-TI group at 1 µg/mL in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 67.4% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 80.4% (at 0.1 µg/mL) and 119.8% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 57.6% and 82.5% in the BT-Med + UT-TI group at 25 and 63 µg/mL, respectively; while 123.9% at 10 µg/mL in the BT-Med + BT-TI group compared to untreated. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 53.6% and 59% in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL compared to the untreated. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 85.3% in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups at 0.1 µg/mL as compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 245.9% and 211.5% at 10 and 50 µg/mL, respectively in the UT-Med + BT-TI group; while 174.3% (at 10 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + UT-TI group as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Overall, these results suggest that Biofield Energy Treated test formulation has significantly improved the bones, heart, liver, lungs and brain functional enzymes biomarkers. Altogether data suggest that the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be useful to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organ such as lungs, liver, heart, brain, and bones. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as heart attack, coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, Wilson disease, hemochromatosis, cirrhosis, liver cancer, pneumonia, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthma, osteoporosis, cystic fibrosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[110] viXra:1909.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 01:38:32

Proton CT or X-Ray CT

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Proton CT is proposed as an alternative to X-ray CT for acquiring relative stopping power (RSP) maps for use in proton treatment planning. [31] Since protons were first used to treat hospital cancer patients in the early 1990s, around 100 000 people have benefited from this alternative form of radiation therapy. [30] Researchers have moved closer to the real-time verification of hadron therapy, demonstrating the in vivo accuracy of simulations that predict particle range in the patient. [29] A biomimetic nanosystem can deliver therapeutic proteins to selectively target cancerous tumors, according to a team of Penn State researchers. [28] Sunlight is essential for all life, and living organisms have evolved to sense and respond to light. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[109] viXra:1909.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 03:21:37

Room-Temperature Skyrmions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers have succeeded in stabilizing antiferromagnetic skyrmions in an ordinary material system at room temperature for the first time. [32] Unique physical properties of these "magic knots" might help to satisfy demand for IT power and storage using a fraction of the energy. [31] A skyrmion is the magnetic version of a tornado which is obtained by replacing the air parcels that make up the tornado by magnetic spins, and by scaling the system down to the nanometre scale. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[108] viXra:1909.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 03:49:41

Automated Radiotherapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Automated radiotherapy planning is a boon for medical physicists and dosimetrists, radiotherapy departments, and patients themselves-according to a team at Cone Health Cancer Center. [32] Proton CT is proposed as an alternative to X-ray CT for acquiring relative stopping power (RSP) maps for use in proton treatment planning. [31] Since protons were first used to treat hospital cancer patients in the early 1990s, around 100 000 people have benefited from this alternative form of radiation therapy. [30] Researchers have moved closer to the real-time verification of hadron therapy, demonstrating the in vivo accuracy of simulations that predict particle range in the patient. [29] A biomimetic nanosystem can deliver therapeutic proteins to selectively target cancerous tumors, according to a team of Penn State researchers. [28] Sunlight is essential for all life, and living organisms have evolved to sense and respond to light. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[107] viXra:1909.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 04:10:41

Brighter LED Future

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 83 Pages.

In June, NIST began offering a faster, more accurate and less labor-intensive calibration service for assessing the brightness of LED lamps and other solid-state lighting products. [51] A possible way of surpassing traditional electronics is through the use of antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials. [50] Stephen Wilson, a professor of materials in UC Santa Barbara's College of Engineering, works in that "long before" realm, seeking to create new materials that exhibit desirable new states. [49] A phenomenon that is well known from chaos theory was observed in a material for the first time ever, by scientists from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. [48]
Category: Condensed Matter

[106] viXra:1909.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 05:37:02

An Interesting+promising Suggestion Based on [clips/psyclone ] Related ai Frameworks & Their [ Extension + Interfacing ] with Ruby-LLVM Software in the Context of Iot/hpc Heterogeneous Image Processing Environment/s Let us Happily Explore Ruby Language

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication

An Interesting+Promising Suggestion based on [CLIPS/Psyclone ] related AI Frameworks & their [ Extension +Interfacing ] with Ruby-LLVM Software in the Context of IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Image Processing Environment/s - Let us Happily Explore Ruby Language towards Designing Advanced Expert Systems for Multi-disciplinary R&D involving Next Generation Smart Devices [ Hardware/Software/Firmware ]. [ C/C++/Ruby/LLVM based AI Revolution Advanced Medical Image Processing ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[105] viXra:1909.0118 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-06 04:05:02

Electronic Data Transmission at Three Times the Speed of Light and Data Rates of 2000 Bits Per Second Over Long Distances in Buffer Amplifier Chains

Authors: Steffen Kuehn
Comments: 6 Pages. Editor changes

Recently, during the experimental testing of basic assumptions in electrical engineering, it has become apparent that ultra-low-frequency (ULF) voltage signals in coaxial cables with a length of only a few hundred meters propagate significantly faster than light. The starting point for this discovery was an experiment in which a two-channel oscilloscope was connected to a signal source via both a short and a long coaxial cable. It was observed that the delay between the two channels for short cables and low frequencies can be so small that the associated phase velocity exceeds the speed of light. To test whether the discovered effect can be exploited to transmit information over long distances, a cable was examined in which the signal was refreshed at regular distances by buffer amplifiers. The results show that such a setup is indeed suitable for transmitting wave packets at three times the speed of light and bit rates of approximately 2 kbit/s over arbitrary distances. The statement that information cannot propagate faster than light is clearly experimentally disproven and can therefore no longer be sustained.
Category: Classical Physics

[104] viXra:1909.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 06:14:59

Evaluation of the Biofield Energy Treated Novel Test Formulation on Overall Organs Health Specific Biomarkers

Authors: John Suzuki, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 14 Pages.

The aim was to study the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on the function of vital organs viz. bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain in various cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media were divided into two parts; one part was untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, John Suzuki, USA and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the test formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in six different cells. The Biofield Treated medium (BT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI) group showed 91.6%, 56.9%, and 114.5% restoration of cell viability at 1, 10, and 25 µg/mL, respectively in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group. Moreover, BT-Med + BT-TI group showed 70.6%, 126.3%, and 60.2% restoration of cell viability at 1, 25, and 63 µg/mL, respectively; while 78.5% in the UT-Med + BT-TI group in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to untreated. Furthermore, 72.6% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 57.4% (at 25 µg/mL), and 90.4% (at 63 µg/mL) restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by BT-Med + UT-TI, UT-Med + BT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 82.2% and 106.6% in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + UT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL; while 80.2% (at 10 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by 90.2% (at 0.1 µg/mL) and 78.3% (at 10µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 63.7%, 59.6%, and 63.3% at 1, 10, and 25 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-Med + BT-TI group; while 122.2% (at 0.1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 62.8% and 153.2% at 1 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 133.1%, 153.8%, and 107.5% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL compared to untreated. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 75.7% (at 10 µg/mL), 124.1% (at 10 µg/mL), and 73.5% (at 10 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + UT-TI group at 10, 25, and 63 µg/mL, respectively; while 107.7% (at 25 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 162.2% (at 10 µg/mL), 193.3% (at 1 µg/mL), and 148.7% (at 0.01 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Overall, these results suggest that Biofield Treated test formulation significantly improved the bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain functional enzyme biomarkers. Altogether data suggest that the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be useful to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organ such as lungs, liver, heart, brain, and bones. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart failure, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cirrhosis, cardiomyopathy, Wilson disease, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, pneumonia, asthma, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[103] viXra:1909.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 06:15:46

Protective Role of the Biofield Energy Treated Test Formulation on Vital Organs Function using Cell-Based Assays

Authors: Thomas Charles Slade, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 13 Pages.

Dysfunction of vital organs is the main concern for human health. Therefore, it is necessary to homeostat the normal function of vital organs such as lungs, liver, brain and heart for better health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated test formulation on the function of vital organs in various cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Thomas Charles Slade, USA and were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the tested formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in six different cells. The experimental groups like the untreated medium (UT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI) and BT-Med + BT-TI groups showed 74.4% (at 10 µg/mL) and 73.7% (at 1 µg/mL) restoration of cell viability, respectively in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group. Moreover, the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups showed 76.4% (at 10 µg/mL) and 87.5% (at 1 µg/mL) restoration of cell viability, respectively in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to the untreated group. Furthermore, 209.5%, 757.8% and 836.2% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively, at 1 µg/mL compared to the untreated. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 71.7%, 71.9% and 56.7% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) at 50 µg/mL compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was also significantly increased by 124.9% and 106.3% in the BT-Med + BT-TI group at 25 and 50 µg/mL, respectively in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 88.3% and 75.5% in the BT-Med + BT-TI group at 1 and 10 µg/mL, respectively; while 82.8% (at 0.1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 47.5%, 79.8% and 94% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 1 µg/mL compared to the untreated in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 67.4%, 60.8% and 80.7% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL; while 137% (at 0.1 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 225.7% (at 1 µg/mL), 176.1% (at 25 µg/mL) and 175.7% (at 63 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group; while 317.9% (at 1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 195.3% (at 1 µg/mL), 176.2% (at 10 µg/mL) and 194.7% (at 50 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group compared to the untreated group in MG-63 cells. Altogether data suggest that these results suggest that Biofield Energy Treated test formulation significantly protect the major organs viz. bones, heart, liver, lungs and brain and also improved their functions. Therefore, The Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as heart attack, heart failure, coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, asthma, pneumonia, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, osteoporosis, cystic fibrosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[102] viXra:1909.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 06:16:47

Comprehensive Vital Organ Biomarkers Analysis of the Consciousness Energy Healing Based Novel Test Formulation Using Various Cell-lines

Authors: Alan Joseph Balmer, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 13 Pages.

The aim was to study the effect of the Consciousness Energy Treated test formulation on vital organ functions viz. bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain in various cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media were divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alan Joseph Balmer, USA and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the test formulation was found as safe and non-toxic in six different cells. The Biofield Energy Treated medium (BT-Med) + Biofield Energy Treated Test Item (BT-TI) group showed 181% and 82.2% restoration of cell viability at 1 and 10 µg/mL, respectively in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group. The UT-Med + BT-TI group showed 126.8% and 86.3% restoration of cell viability at 10 and 25 µg/mL, respectively with respect to the untreated group in human hepatoma cells (HepG2). Furthermore, 101.2% (at 10 µg/mL), 103.6% (at 10 µg/mL) and 135% (at 25 µg/mL) restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 90%, 87.3% and 86.9% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by 137% in the BT-Med + UT-TI group in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) at 1 µg/mL compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 52.1%, 65.9% and 63.5% at 1 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 157% and 58.9% at 0.1 and 10 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-Med + BT-TI group compared to the untreated group in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 168% and 135.4% in the UT-Med + BT-TI group at 10 and 25 µg/mL, respectively; while, 137% at 10 µg/mL in the BT-Med + UT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 50.8% (at 63 µg/mL), 78.8% (at 63 µg/mL) and 52.7% (at 1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 265.5% (at 0.1 µg/mL) and 253.4% (at 1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI group; while 335.3% (at 0.1 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Overall, these results suggest that Biofield Treated test formulation significantly improved the relevant bones, heart, liver, lungs and brain-related biomarkers. Altogether data suggest that the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be useful to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organ such as lungs, liver, heart, brain, and bones. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart failure, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cirrhosis, cardiomyopathy, Wilson disease, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, pneumonia, asthma, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[101] viXra:1909.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 11:30:06

Quantum Disordered Magnetic Moments

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

Stephen Wilson, a professor of materials in UC Santa Barbara's College of Engineering, works in that "long before" realm, seeking to create new materials that exhibit desirable new states. [49] A phenomenon that is well known from chaos theory was observed in a material for the first time ever, by scientists from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. [48] Plasmonic nanostructures have been widely used for enhancing light-matter interactions due to the strong local field enhancement in deep subwavelength volumes. [47] Researchers at the University of Göttingen have developed a new method that takes advantage of the unusual properties of graphene to electromagnetically interact with fluorescing (light-emitting) molecules. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[100] viXra:1909.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 12:49:34

On the Hypothetical Dark Matter Candidate Particles: New Mathematical Connections with the Physics of Black Holes and Some Developments of Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 166 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various interesting new possible mathematical connections concerning some developments of Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions, some sectors of Particle Physics, concerning principally the Dark Matter candidate particles and the physics of black holes.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[99] viXra:1909.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 13:05:06

InGaN Quantum Wells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

In the Journal of Applied Physics, researchers in China report an InGaN LED structure with high luminescence efficiency and what is believed to be the first direct observation of transition carriers between different localization states within InGaN. [50] Stephen Wilson, a professor of materials in UC Santa Barbara's College of Engineering, works in that "long before" realm, seeking to create new materials that exhibit desirable new states. [49] A phenomenon that is well known from chaos theory was observed in a material for the first time ever, by scientists from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[98] viXra:1909.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 13:14:18

Storm Vortex in the Center of Paraná State on June 6, 2017: A Case Study

Authors: Ricardo Gobat, Marcia Regina Risso Gobato, Alireza Heidari
Comments: 8 Pages. Sumerianz Journal of Scientific Research, 2019, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 24-31 ISSN(e): 2617-6955, ISSN(p): 2617-765X Website: https://www.sumerianz.com

A vortex originating from a cumulonimbus cloud, tapering toward the ground, and touching it is called a tornado. Feared and admired by man, the tornado is an atmospheric phenomenon that can cause a catastrophe to pass through. If it reaches an unsuspecting and unprotected population on inhabited urban and rural properties, it can lead to human losses and serious material damage. It causes serious losses with the death of wild and farmed animals. On June 6, 2017, an alleged tornado hit the municipalities of Rio Branco do Ivaí and Rosario do Ivaí, located in the state of Paraná, southern Brazil. The images of the alleged tornado have been disseminated on social networks and in several newspapers in the country. Local officials reported the damage caused by the alleged tornado, causing a large number of homeless, with the destruction of houses, as well as the killing of animals and the destruction of rural properties. The occurrence of tornado had not been confirmed by the country's meteorological institutes. A search was initiated to verify the probable cause of the losses and damages caused in these counties, by the supposed tornado. The analyzes indicate that not one, but probably more than a tornado hit the counties of the central region of Parana state.
Category: Climate Research

[97] viXra:1909.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 13:17:15

Evidence of Tornadoes Reaching the Countries of Rio Branco do Ivai and Rosario de Ivai, Southern Brazil on June 6, 2017

Authors: Ricardo Gobat, Marcia Regina Risso Gobato
Comments: 6 Pages. Journal of Climatology & Weather Forecasting. Gobato et al., Climatol Weather Forecasting 2018, 6:4 DOI: 10.4172/2332-2594.1000242

A vortex originating from a cumulonimbus cloud, tapering toward the ground, and touching it is called a tornado. Feared and admired by man, the tornado is an atmospheric phenomenon that can cause a catastrophe to pass through. If it reaches an unsuspecting and unprotected population on inhabited urban and rural properties, it can lead to human losses and serious material damage. It causes serious losses with the death of wild and farmed animals. On June 6, 2017, an alleged tornado hit the municipalities of Rio Branco do Ivaí and Rosario do Ivaí, located in the state of Paraná, southern Brazil. The images of the alleged tornado have been disseminated on social networks and in several newspapers in the country. Local officials reported the damage caused by the alleged tornado, causing a large number of homeless, with the destruction of houses, as well as the killing of animals and the destruction of rural properties. The occurrence of tornado had not been confirmed by the country's meteorological institutes. A search was initiated to verify the probable cause of the losses and damages caused in these counties, by the supposed tornado. They analyzes and indicates that not one, but probably more than a tornado hit the counties of the central region of Parana state.
Category: Climate Research

[96] viXra:1909.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 13:28:10

Attenuated Total Reflection-Fourier Transform Infrared (Atr-Ftir) Spectroscopy Study of the Nano Molecule C 13 H 20 Beli 2 Sesi Using ab Initio and Hartree-Fock Methods in the Basis Set RHF/CC-PVTZ and RHF/6-311G** (3df, 3pd): an Experimental Challenge to

Authors: Ricardo Gobat, Marcia Regina Risso Gobato, Alireza Heidari
Comments: 26 Pages. Chemistry Reports , 1-26, 2019. DOI: 10.26524/cr1911

The work characterizes the ATR-FTIR spectroscopy of the nano molecule C13H20BeLi2SeSi. Calculations obtained in the ab initio restrict Hartree-Fock method, on basis set was used to indicate that the simulated molecule C13H20BeLi2SeSi features the structure polar-apolar-polar predominant. The basis set which was used that includes RHF/CC-pVTZ and RHF/6-311G** (3df, 3pd). In the RHF/CC-pVTZ basis set, charge density in relation to RHF/6-311G** (3df, 3pd) is 50% lower. The length of the molecule C13H20BeLi2SeSi is f 15.799 (Å). The ATR-FTIR spectrum was calculated for indicating the characteristic of the nano molecule and their frequency (cm-1) were obtained in the basis set was used. The highest for ATR-FTIR scattering activities peaks are in the frequency 3.348 (cm-1) with 7.107609729 (Å4/amu) and 2.163 (cm-1) with 8.902805583 (Å4/amu) for RHF/CC-pVTZ and RHF/6-311G** (3df, 3pd), respectively. As the bio-inorganic molecule C13H20BeLi2SeSi is the basis set for a new creation of a biomembrane, later calculations that challenge the current concepts of biomembrane should advance to such a purpose.
Category: Condensed Matter

[95] viXra:1909.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 13:33:51

New Nano-Molecule Kurumi and Raman Spectroscopy Using ab Initio, Hartree-Fock Method

Authors: Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 6 Pages. Ricardo Gobato. New Nano-Molecule Kurumi and Raman Spectroscopy using ab initio, Hartree-Fock Method. Am J Biomed Sci & Res. 2019 - 2(4). AJBSR.MS.ID.000594. DOI: 10.34297/AJBSR.2019.02.000594

btained in the methods Restrict Hartree-Fock of thfirst principles (ab initio), on the set of basis used indicate that the simulated molecule C 13 H 20 BeLi 2 SeSi/C 13 H 19 BeLi2SeSi features the structure polar-apolar-polar predominant. The set of basis used that have are correlation consistent polarized Triple-zeta (CC-pVTZ) and Pople’s basis sets six gaussian functions in the shell, three double zeta Gaussian functions, Slater type orbitals with polarization function (6-311G** (3df, 3pd)). In the CC-pVTZ base set, the charge density in relation to 6-311G** (3df, 3pd) is 50% lower. The length of the molecule C13H 20BeLi2SeSi is of 15.799Å. The Raman spectrum was calculated indicating the characteristic of the nano-molecule and their frequency (cm-1) were obtained in the set of bases used. The highest for Raman scattering activities peaks are in the frequency 3,348cm-1 with 7.107609729 Å4/amu and 2,163 cm-1 with 8.902805583 Å4/amu, for CC-pVTZ and 6-311G** (3df, 3pd), respectively. As the bio-inorganic molecule C13H20BeLi2SeSi is the basis for a new creation of a biomembrane, later calculations that challenge the current concepts of biomembrane shouldadvance to such a purpose. The new nano-molecule Kurumi is well characterize computationally. As its scientific name 3-lithio-3-(6-{3-selena-8-beryllatricyclo [3.2.1.0²,⁴] oct-6-en-2-yl} hexyl) -1-sila-2-lithacyclopropane
Category: Condensed Matter

[94] viXra:1909.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 14:01:38

Why Does Earth Moon Orbit Regress? (Part II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 18 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis Earth Moon Orbit Regression Is A Solar System General Motion General Motion Definition It's a motion done by all planets together- as a train motion done by all carriages– so if we see carriage no. 3 moves, that doesn't mean this carriage moves individually – on the contrary – all carriages move together but we observe only carriage no. 3 (i.e. A conclusion depends on incorrect observational results) This hypothesis can explain the following data Data Metonic Cycle Period 6939.75 days = 19 x 365.25 days (Sidereal Days) = 235 x 29.53 days (Lunar Synodic Month) = 20 x 346.6 days (Nodal Year) Saros Cycle Period 6585.321 days = 241 x 27.32 days (Lunar Sidereal Month) = 19 x 346.6 days (Nodal Year) = 223 x 29.53 days (Lunar Synodic Month) Why Earth & Moon Motions are in harmony with the Moon orbit regression? Based on what reason these three cycles are in harmony perfectly as the data shows? Because these three cycles are found from ONE MOTION – i.e. Earth & Moon motions with the moon orbit regression all these cycles are created from ONE MOTION only
Category: Astrophysics

[93] viXra:1909.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 17:17:15

The Algorithmic Audit: Working with Vendors to Validate Radiology-AI Algorithms - How We Do It

Authors: Vidur Mahajan, Vasanthakumar Venugopal, Saumya Gaur, Salil Gupta, Murali Murugavel, Harsh Mahajan
Comments: 7 Pages.

There is a plethora of Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools that are being developed around the world aiming at either speeding up or improving the accuracy of radiologists. It is essential for radiologists to work with the developers of such algorithms to determine true clinical utility and risks associated with these algorithms. We present a framework, called an Algorithmic Audit, for working with the developers of such algorithms to test and improve the performance of the algorithms. The framework includes concepts of true independent validation on data that the algorithm has not seen before, curating datasets for such testing, deep examination of false positives and false negatives (to examine implications of such errors) and real-world deployment and testing of algorithms.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[92] viXra:1909.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 18:48:43

On Prime Numbers Ⅱ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is on primes.
Category: Number Theory

[91] viXra:1909.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 23:03:28

[ ImageJ/Fiji/Java/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/HoloJ/Jython/Python/Z3Py-Theorem Prover/QRNG Device/qrng-pylib/Machine Learning] as Holography based Image Processing & Informatics Platform in the Context of Medical Image Processing

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication

[ ImageJ/Fiji/Java/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/HoloJ/Jython/Python/Z3Py-Theorem Prover/QRNG Device/qrng-pylib/Machine Learning] as Holography based Image Processing & Informatics Platform in the Context of Medical Image Processing/cryo-EM Image Processing R&D. An Interesting Short Communication & Simple Technical Point of View by Prototyping Some Image Processing Algorithms.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[90] viXra:1909.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 00:09:24

Maxwell and Dirac Field with Three-Dimensional Time

Authors: Vu B Ho
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this work we further examine possible mathematical structures and physical properties of Maxwell and Dirac field by formulating the two fields in a six-dimensional spatiotemporal manifold in which both space and time have three dimensions. We show that although Maxwell and Dirac field each can be formulated as a single field in a more symmetrical structure in terms of space and time in the six-dimensional spatiotemporal continuum, Maxwell and Dirac six-dimensional field can be decoupled into two separate fields that exist in the Minkowski pseudo-Euclidean spactime and the Euclidean three-dimensional temporal manifold, respectively. The coexistent temporal elliptic field to Maxwell field in the three-dimensional temporal manifold is a free field and the coexistent temporal elliptic field to Dirac field is massless. While Maxwell and Dirac field comply with the pseudo-Euclidean relativity, both coexistent fields conform to the temporal Euclidean relativity.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[89] viXra:1909.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 00:09:05

Multi-Dimensional Asset Allocation Strategy with DA-RNN

Authors: Tae Young Lee
Comments: 7 Pages. Draft Paper

Most RoboAdvisors reflect the perspective of investment banks, which differs from commercial banks in Korea. Most customers who use commercial banks have a conservative approach. In customer-focused thinking, the more you design your Robo Advisor, the more important it is to minimize customer losses. It was designed with the belief that the guarantee of principal through defense of the bear market would be a solid foundation to be returned to profits from the bear market. The traditional asset allocation model is dedicated to simple predictions that take risk as a parameter of volatility and draw the expected return to calculate the optimal share of the asset. This is not a big problem when the market is good, but it's going to cause a loss of the customer's principal in a booming market. This is not in line with the bank's robovisor idea, and we have created deep learning algorithms to defend against the bear market.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[88] viXra:1909.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 01:14:41

A Prelude to Algorithmic Management

Authors: Tariq Khan
Comments: 5 Pages.

Much of modern history involves attempts to formalize the various disciplines of activity in the natural world and in human life. While great progress has been made in the physical sciences, the social sciences, including in this context economics and management, are in their infancy by comparison. None the less, economics has made progress in an attempt to gain solid empirical foundations and with the vast majority of the world’s population involved in management in one form or another via employment and associated organizational and power structures, research into optimal management practices could be considered to have the largest available data sets of any science. Yet it is the very opposite that is the case as there is such a variety of social, cultural, and political differences in any given country, society, organization, or workplace that attempts to establish a perfect management framework have seemed impossible. But progress has been made here as well and in a modern world where every process and activity is now being analyzed under the context of workflow formalism, ultimately in an effort toward automation and orchestration of workloads, even management practices are being examined in the context of establishing formal foundations. It in this context that we seek to define the beginnings of a sort of algorithmic based management where the true critical functions are defined with the ultimate goal of creating teams that perform at their highest with work getting completed.
Category: Social Science

[87] viXra:1909.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-01 14:26:25

Electric Charges as Energy Pairs

Authors: Moshe Segal
Comments: 36 Pages.

After the presentation of the Special Relativity Theory, Mass was discovered to be a special form of Energy. Thus, after the presentation of the Special Relativity Theory, the Electric Charge remained the only distinct entity that is not Energy. This article claims that electric charges might be considered also as a form of energy. This argument is based on another claim, that if electric charges are a form of energy they must belong to a set of Energy Pairs, and the reason for that is as follows: Because charge comes in two types, a positive charge and a negative charge, then, the energy embedded in charge must also come in two energy types, which are assigned to one set of Energy Pairs. Actually, the fact that charge comes in two types might be one of the crucial reasons why it was difficult to recognize charge as another form of energy. This article starts by analyzing the energy embedded in electric and magnetic fields, and shows that such energies, which are dependent on the existence of a force field (electric or magnetic) in order to exist, can annihilate each other, in certain situations, an annihilation that seems to violate the Energy Conservation Principle. Actually, this article describes a specific physical scenario which shows a situation in which during a collision of two electromagnetic traveling waves transmissions that occur in a specific constellation, the two waves, which each contain energy, disappear, which is a clear violation of the Energy Conservation Principle. In light of the above described scenario, this article assigns the energy embedded in electric fields generated by positive charges, and energy embedded in electric fields generated by negative charges to one set of energy pairs. And, this article also assigns the energy embedded in magnetic fields generated by moving positive charges, and energy embedded in magnetic fields generated by moving negative charges to another set of energy pairs. Then, this article presents the Energy Pairs Theory, that states that energies belonging to energy pairs of equal intensities residing in the same space volume, might annihilate each other, in certain conditions. And, this article uses the Energy Pairs Theory, to explain Energy Conservation issues in electric or magnetic fields by the above mentioned statement that energies belonging to energy pairs of equal intensities residing in the same space volume, might annihilate each other, in certain conditions. Then, since the above mentioned physical scenario does show that electric or magnetic energy can be annihilated, or disappear in certain conditions, this provides a proof to the validity of the Energy Pairs Theory. Then, because energies in electric and magnetic fields are generated initially from electric charges, the Energy Pairs Theory is also used to explain the issue of charge disappearance in electron positron collisions. When an electron and a positron collide they annihilate each other and gamma ray photons are emitted, with energy equal to the sum of the energies embedded in the masses of the electron and the positron. However, the charges of the electron and the positron are not converted to any new substance (such as energy) and they simply disappear without leaving any trace of their previous existence. This charge disappearance seem to be an unusual, strange and unexpected mystery, although this charge disappearance obey the charge conservation principle. This charge disappearance is strange, because charge seem to be a basic element in physics, and such basic elements should not disappear. The Energy Pairs mentioned above provides a reasonable and logic explanation also to this charge disappearance mystery. This is done by assuming that charge is energy and energy embedded in positive charge and energy embedded in negative charge belong to one set of Energy Pairs that might annihilate each other. This also provides extra support to the assumption that charge is energy. Because, as electric or magnetic energies are shown to annihilate each other and disappear, in certain situations, positive and negative charge might also annihilate each other in certain situations, such as, in electron positron collisions, which strengthen the claim that electric charges are also a form of energy. The above described scenario can be converted, at least in principle, to a physical experiment which might provide an additional validity to the Energy Pairs Theory. This article also describes how such an experiment can be arranged. Also, the above mentioned scenario might also show that Energy Pairs might turn into some sort of Dark Energy, which is a mystery that the science of Physics seeks a solution to it. This is also presented in a separate article titled: "Energy Pairs might turn to some sort of Dark Energy" that can be found at http://viXra.org/abs/1909.0149. Also, the mutual annihilation of energies belonging to energy pairs can be viewed not only as mutual annihilation but also as mutual disabling. This idea equates the complete emptiness with substance, assuming that complete emptiness is a state in which energies of energy pairs exist and their mutual disabling is actually seen as complete emptiness. This idea also can be extended to assume that this state of complete emptiness, which actually contains energy pairs, is the eternal state of existence. And since complete emptiness is a state that do contain energies which disable each other, this concept can be further extrapolated to assume that energy pairs can evolve together from this complete emptiness, which discards the need for the concept of creation. Then, by combining the last two assumptions, the assumption that energies belonging to energy pairs residing in the same space volume might disable each other in certain conditions, and the assumption that energy pairs might evolve together from nothing in certain conditions, the energy pairs can be seen as being able to turn into some sort of the Dark Energy which might be also seen as the complete emptiness. Because, the assumption that the complete emptiness actually contains energy pairs that disable each other makes it containing energies that are untraceable, as the Dark Energy is. And, the assumption that energy pairs can emerge together from nothing (or complete emptiness) might explain how this Dark Energy is able to enter into activity, at certain conditions. In addition to using the above described coliding wave scenario, that proves the Energy Pairs Theory, which is used to support the claim that electric charges might be energy, the claim that electric charge might be energy is discussed in this article from additional angles. As will be shown in this article, there are similarities between mass and charge which might lead us to conclude that charge should also be considered as a special form of energy. Thus, this article does claim that Charge might also be recognized as another form of Energy, as mass turned to be. This claim, if found viable, and supported by additional findings, will make Energy as the only distinct entity (in addition to time and space), a simpler and cleaner view of nature. Also, analogous to the equation: E = (m * C) ^ 2 where E is energy, m is mass c is the speed of light, and ^ stands for power of Derived by the special theory of relativity, which describes the relation between the energy embedded in mass and mass magnitude, this article suggests several options of equations that might describe the relation between the energy embedded in charge and charge magnitude. These suggestions are based only on assumptions and must be supported by additional findings.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[86] viXra:1909.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 03:06:42

Exotic Physics Phenomenon

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

An exotic physical phenomenon, involving optical waves, synthetic magnetic fields, and time reversal, has been directly observed for the first time, following decades of attempts. [27] A FLEET study of ultracold atomic gases-a billionth the temperature of outer space-has unlocked new, fundamental quantum effects. [26] Symmetry plays a fundamental role in understanding complex quantum matter, particularly in classifying topological quantum phases, which have attracted great interests in the recent decade. [25] Four decades after it was predicted, scientist create a skyrmion, and take one step towards efficient nuclear fusion. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[85] viXra:1909.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 03:41:33

Precise Proton Radius Measure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

York University researchers have made a precise measurement of the size of the proton—a crucial step towards solving a mystery that has preoccupied scientists around the world for the past decade. [47] Ten years ago, just about any nuclear physicist could tell you the approximate size of the proton. But that changed in 2010, when atomic physicists unveiled a new method that promised a more precise measurement. [46] “Spin has surprises. Everybody thought it’s simple … and it turns out it’s much more complicated,” Aschenauer says. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission—and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[84] viXra:1909.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 03:59:31

Charge Fluctuation Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[83] viXra:1909.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 04:58:00

A New Theory About Light and the Origin of Photonics

Authors: Wim Vegt
Comments: 26 Pages.

Photonics is the physical science of light based on the concept of “photons” introduced by Albert Einstein in the early 20th century. Einstein introduced this concept in the “particle-wave duality” discussion with Niels Bohr to demonstrate that even light has particle properties (mass and momentum) and wave properties (frequency). That concept became a metaphor and from that time on a beam of light has been generally considered as a beam of particles (photons). Which is a wrong understanding. Light particles do not exist. Photons are nothing else but electromagnetic complex wave configurations and light particles are not like “particles” but separated electromagnetic wave packages. This new theory will explain how electromagnetic wave packages demonstrate inertia, mass and momentum and which forces keep the wave packages together in a way that they can be measured like particles with their own specific mass and momentum. All we know about light, and in general about any electromagnetic field configuration, has been based only on two fundamental theories. James Clerk Maxwell introduced in 1865 the “Theory of Electrodynamics” with the publication: “A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field” and Albert Einstein introduced in 1905 the “Theory of Special Relativity” with the publication: “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” and in 1913 the “Theory of General Relativity” with the publication ”Outline of a Generalized Theory of Relativity and of a Theory of Gravitation”. However, both theories are not capable to explain the property of electromagnetic mass and in specific the anisotropy of the phenomenon of electromagnetic mass presented e.g. in a LASER beam. To understand what electromagnetic inertia and the corresponding electromagnetic mass is and how the anisotropy of electromagnetic mass can be explained and how it has to be defined, a New Theory about Light has to be developed. A part of this New Theory about Light, based on Newton’s well known law in 3 dimensions will be published in this article in an extension into 4 dimensions. Newton’s 4-dimensional law in the 3 spatial dimensions results in an improved version of the classical Maxwell equations and Newton’s law in the 4th dimension (time) results in the quantum mechanical Schrödinger wave equation (at non-relativistic velocities) and the relativistic Dirac equation.
Category: Classical Physics

[82] viXra:1909.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 06:52:00

Assessment of the Biofield Energy Healing Based Test Formulation on Human Organ Health Specific Biomarkers In Vitro Assays

Authors: Eileen Mary Meagher, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 11 Pages.

Herbal based test formulations have been used in most of the healthcare settings since time immemorial. The present experimental cell line study was designed to evaluate the impact of the Biofield Energy Treatment on test formulation and different cell line mediums related with vital organs functioning. Cell lines that were specific to different organ systems were used in the study using standard protocols. The Test Item (TI) and specific cell line media (Med) was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT-TI) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Eileen Mary Meagher, USA and were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. MTT assay was used for cell viability assay, and the results showed that the test item was found non-toxic. Cytoprotective action of the test formulation showed a significant maximum restoration of cell viability by 56.8% (at 63.75µg/mL), 57.5% (at 63.75µg/mL), and 124.8% (at 1µg/mL) in the UT-Med+BT-TI, BT-Med+UT-TI, and BT-Med+BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group in Human Cardiac Fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while 83.2% (at 63.75µg/mL), 93.8% (at 63.75µg/mL), and 20.6% (at 10µg/mL) improved cellular protection of human Hepatoma cells (HepG2) cells in the UT-Med+BT-TI, BT-Med+UT-TI, and BT-Med+BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. In addition, cytoprotective activity in adenocarcinoma human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) showed improved cell viability by 11.3% (at 25.5µg/mL), 82.7% (at 63.75µg/mL), and 113.9% (at 25.5µg/mL) in the UT-Med+BT-TI, BT-Med+UT-TI, and BT-Med+BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. MG-63 cells were used for estimation of ALP activity, which was highly increased by 59.8% (at 0.1µg/mL), 269.7% (at 0.1µg/mL), and 105.7% (at 0.1µg/mL) in the UT-Med+BT-TI, BT-Med+UT-TI, and BT-Med+BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Besides, Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 94.8% at 10µg/mL in the BT-Med+UT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. The maximum percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 48.8% (at 1µg/mL), 62.9% (at 10µg/mL), and 103% (at 1µg/mL) in the UT-Med+BT-TI, BT-Med+UT-TI group, and BT-Med+BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Alanine Amino Transferase (ALT) in terms of percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was reported at 63.75µg/mL by 74.9% and 84.9% in the BT-Med+UT-TI and BT-Med+BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) in terms of percentage was increased by 21.7% (at 25.5µg/mL), 83.2% (at 0.1µg/mL), and 40% (at 25.5µg/mL) in the UT-Med+BT-TI, BT-Med+UT-TI, and BT-Med+BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 50.8% (at 63.75µg/mL), 35.9% (at 10µg/mL), and 49.9% (at 10µg/mL) in the UT-Med+BT-TI, BT-Med+UT-TI, and BT-Med+BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated test group in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the Relative Quantification (RQ) of Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 135.2%, 291.4%, and 248.3% at 50µg/mL in the UT-Med+BT-TI, BT-Med+UT-TI, and BT-Med+BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Thus, Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®) would be significantly useful for multiple organ health that can be used against coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[81] viXra:1909.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 06:55:51

Laser Study Explosions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

An explosion is a complex event involving quickly changing temperatures, pressures and chemical concentrations. [42] A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41] A team of researchers from the University of Central Florida and Michigan Technological University has developed a laser system concept built on the principles of supersymmetry. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[80] viXra:1909.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 07:41:30

Correlated Photons X-Ray Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A team of researchers at Bar-Ilan University has found a way to use correlated photons to make sharper X-ray images. [31] A team of researchers from Xiamen University, the University of Ottawa and the University of Rochester has shown that it is possible to entangle photons with correlations between their radial and momentum states. [30] In a new study, researchers demonstrate creative tactics to get rid of loopholes that have long confounded tests of quantum mechanics. [29] This is a very interesting quantum phenomenon called "magnon crystallization," in which the magnons are said to be in a "frustrated" state. [28] In a new paper, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network
Category: Quantum Physics

[79] viXra:1909.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 08:34:32

Laser-Based Ultrasound Testing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A team of researchers is using ultrasonic nondestructive testing (NDT) that involves amplifying the signal from a photoacoustic laser source using laser-absorbing patch made from an array of nanoparticles from candle soot and polydimethylsiloxane. [43] An explosion is a complex event involving quickly changing temperatures, pressures and chemical concentrations. [42] A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[78] viXra:1909.0088 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-19 04:09:56

Trimming Neural Networks

Authors: Mastane Achab, Massil Achab
Comments: 3 Pages.

We introduce a new type of artificial neural network (ANN): the trimming neural network (TNN) model. As most ANNs, a TNN is an alternating sequence of linear and nonlinear vectorial operators. Recall that in usual ANN models, nonlinear functions are independently applied on each entry of each layer. In contrast, we design TNNs' nonlinearities as functions of the whole layer: indeed, they are based on sorting all the layer's entries. In particular, we focus on the trimming operation which consists in summing all entries but a certain fraction of the smallest/largest ones. We show that TNNs enjoy convexity properties useful in various statistical learning contexts.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[77] viXra:1909.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 09:19:39

Heart Cells Nanovolcanoes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Researchers at EPFL and the University of Bern have developed a groundbreaking method for studying the electrical signals of cardiac muscle cells. [22] Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and their collaborators have developed a technique that allows them to speed up or slow down human heart cells growing in a dish on command-simply by shining a light on them and varying its intensity. [21] Researchers at Houston Methodist and Rice University have made a discovery that will impact the design of not only drug delivery systems, but also the development of newer applications in water filtration and energy production. [20] A new method has been developed to make drugs 'smarter' using nanotechnology so they will be more effective at reaching their target. [19] It's called gene editing, and University of Alberta researchers have just published a game-changing study that promises to bring the technology much closer to therapeutic reality. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12]
Category: Physics of Biology

[76] viXra:1909.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 09:35:03

Proteins with Magnetic Tweezers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Physicists at LMU have developed a highly sensitive method for measuring the mechanical stability of protein conformations, and used it to monitor the early steps in the formation of blood clots. [23] Researchers at EPFL and the University of Bern have developed a groundbreaking method for studying the electrical signals of cardiac muscle cells. [22] Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and their collaborators have developed a technique that allows them to speed up or slow down human heart cells growing in a dish on command-simply by shining a light on them and varying its intensity. [21] Researchers at Houston Methodist and Rice University have made a discovery that will impact the design of not only drug delivery systems, but also the development of newer applications in water filtration and energy production. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[75] viXra:1909.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 09:48:51

The Holographic Principle in the Hilbert Book Model

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 3 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Several characteristics of the Hilbert Book Model support a kind of holographic view on the universe
Category: Quantum Physics

[74] viXra:1909.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 10:11:15

Biodegradable Anti-Cancer Micro-Robot

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Professor Hongsoo Choi's research team in the Department of Robotics Engineering & DGIST-ETH Microrobot Research Center (DEMRC) at DGIST (President Young Kuk) succeeded in developing a biodegradable micro-robot that can perform hyperthermia treatment and control drug release. [24] Physicists at LMU have developed a highly sensitive method for measuring the mechanical stability of protein conformations, and used it to monitor the early steps in the formation of blood clots. [23] Researchers at EPFL and the University of Bern have developed a groundbreaking method for studying the electrical signals of cardiac muscle cells. [22] Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and their collaborators have developed a technique that allows them to speed up or slow down human heart cells growing in a dish on command-simply by shining a light on them and varying its intensity. [21] Researchers at Houston Methodist and Rice University have made a discovery that will impact the design of not only drug delivery systems, but also the development of newer applications in water filtration and energy production. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[73] viXra:1909.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 14:39:22

A Common-Sense Interpretation of Quantum Physics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 2 Pages.

This two-pager is a summary of the 40-odd papers I wrote over the past two years.
Category: Quantum Physics

[72] viXra:1909.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 15:50:48

Calculating Gravitational Time Dilation Using Length Contraction

Authors: Tom Fuchs
Comments: 3 Pages.

I show that gravitational time dilation is a twin paradox scenario that can be calculated using length contraction.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[71] viXra:1909.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 19:09:54

Refutation of Automorphism and Borel Dynamics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the definition of automorphism as not tautologous, hence refuting conjectures of Borel dynamics, and forming non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[70] viXra:1909.0080 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-18 22:02:27

Division by Zero Because Next Infinity is Zero

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

tan(π)=0, 0 =1, 1 =z =0 2000 When I saw this expression, I was surely suspicious. But I knew intuitively that Next infinity is zero. For me, infinite and zero were equal, that’s true now. The universe did not start with the Big Burn. The universe has existed for an infinite amount of time, and has repeated an infinite number of big burns. In other words, the universe is a repetition of Next infinity is zero.
Category: General Mathematics

[69] viXra:1909.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 23:26:42

Refutation of Skolem Witness and Counter-Example Functions

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the Skolem witness function and counter-example function. The functions are not tautologous and not counter-exemplary. This refutes the conjecture of a witness function as opposite a counter-example function and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[68] viXra:1909.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 01:30:57

The Success/failure System Hypothesis

Authors: Dong-Yih Bau
Comments: 9 Pages. Journal-ref: IJASRM 3 (3): 30-34 (2018). DOI:10.36282/IJASRM/3.3.2018.496

Universal laws elucidate a basic understanding of nature. Imagine how marvellous it would be to have universal laws in biology as there are in physics. Herein, we apply Einstein’s principle theory as a constraining method to identify a new universal biological law (or principle) called the success/failure system principle. Based on this principle, we develop a principle theory called the success/failure system hypothesis, which suggests that every planet has the potential to evolve into a success/failure system. Then, we describe the implications regarding our place in the universe, the role of universal laws in biology in a final theory, and the current global challenges of sustainability and scientific ethics. This paper concludes with the interdisciplinary interest and scientific significance of this hypothesis. The path to truth: Einstein’s cosmos, a theory of the universe, thoroughly includes a cosmic order defined by three theories, quantum mechanics, general relativity, and the success/failure system. With regards to the theory of the universe, current quantum gravity, string theory, and all other possible theories of the universe, except Einstein’s cosmos, are definitely not final. However, we seek a final theory of the universe. Thus, we suggest researching Einstein’s cosmos immediately and seriously. As a prologue to this new academic enterprise, we have pioneered this enterprise by storing several papers in viXra, in hope of the scientific community’s attention. Who is more intelligent than Einstein, a human with cosmic religious feeling? Today, Einstein’s scientific thoughts still firmly lead the scientific community to a final theory of the universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[67] viXra:1909.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 05:28:06

Investigation of Vital Organ Specific Biomarkers Using Cell-Based Assays after Treatment with the Biofield Energy Treated Test Formulation

Authors: James Jeffery Peoples, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 15 Pages.

The present study aimed to determine the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation and different cell line mediums on vital organs function. Specific cell based assays were performed based on the vital organs function (bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain). The test item (TI) and cell line media was divided into two parts; one was untreated (UT-TI) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, James Jeffrey Peoples, USA and were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. The test formulation was tested against various activities using cell line assay in their specific medium (Med). The test formulation was tested for cell viability, and the results showed that the test formulation at tested concentrations was found non-toxic against all the cell lines. Cytoprotective action of the test formulation showed a significant restoration of cell viability by 48.3% (at 25.5 µg/mL), 9.3% (at 1 µg/mL), and 64.1% (at 25.5 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while 48.3% (at 25.5 µg/mL), 9.3% (at 1 µg/mL), and 64.1% (at 25.5 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. However, cytoprotective activity in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) showed improved cell viability by 65.4% (at 1 µg/mL), 63.8% (at 1 µg/mL), and 39.4% (at 25.5 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. In addition, cytoprotective activity in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) showed improved cell viability by 28.4% (at 10 µg/mL), 101.7% (at 25.5 µg/mL), and 181.7% (at 0.1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. ALP activity in MG-63 cells was maximum increased by 88.1% at 50 µg/mL in the BT-Med + BT-TI group, while in Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 433.3% and 136.1% at 0.1 and 10 µg/mL respectively, in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. The maximum percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 87.8% at 1 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while BT-Med + UT-TI group showed increased protection by 40.1% at 10 µg/mL, and improved cellular protection by 70.1% at 1 µg/mL in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated test group. Alanine amino transferase (ALT) in terms of percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was reported by 35.6% (at 10 µg/mL), 19% (at 10 µg/mL), and 61.2% (at 63.75 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) in terms of percentage was increased by 102.3% (at 1 µg/mL), 10.3% (at 25.5 µg/mL), and 38.4% (at 10 µg/mL), in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 23.7% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 36.8% (at 25 µg/mL), and 51.9% (at 25 µg/mL), in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated test group in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 471% (at 10 µg/mL), 318.9% (at 10 µg/mL), and 326.2% (at 50 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. In conclusion, Biofield Energy treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®) would be significantly useful for multiple organ health that can be used against coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[66] viXra:1909.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 05:28:41

Impact of the Consciousness Energy Healing-based Novel Test Formulation on Human Organ Specific Biomarkers

Authors: Vicki Lynn Kindy, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

The study was investigated to find out the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on the function of vital organs viz. bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain in various cell-based assays. The test formulation/test item (TI) and the cell media (Med) was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Vicki Lynn Kindy, USA and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the test formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in six different cells. The experimental groups of untreated medium (UT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI), BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups showed 116.4% (at 1 µg/mL), 84.1% (at 63 µg/mL), and 98.5% (at 63 µg/mL) restoration of cell viability, respectively in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group. Moreover, UT-Med + BT-TI group showed 62.5%, 156.8%, and 82.4% restoration of cell viability at 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/mL, respectively in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to untreated. Furthermore, 224.2% and 295.6% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by UT-Med + BT-TI group at 1 and 10 µg/mL, respectively compared to the untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 85.3%, 72.2%, and 79.4% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by161% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 84.5% (at 25 µg/mL), and 63.9%(at 50 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 189.7% (at 0.01 µg/mL) and 51.7% (at10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 95.1% (at 25 µg/mL), 63.2% (at 1 µg/mL), and 112% (at 63 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 36.9% and 44.1% in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL compared to untreated in A549 cells. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 199.5%, 168.7%, and 83.9% in the BT-Med + BT-TI group at 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/mL, respectively as compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 205.2% (at 10 µg/mL), 189% (at 0.01µg/mL), and 315.6% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Overall, these results suggest that Biofield Treated test formulation significantly improved the bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain-related functional enzyme biomarkers. Altogether data suggest that the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be useful to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organ such as lungs, liver, heart, brain, and bones. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart failure, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cirrhosis, cardiomyopathy, liver cancer, Wilson disease, hemochromatosis, pneumonia, asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, osteoporosis, cystic fibrosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[65] viXra:1909.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 05:29:43

The Role of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Novel Test Formulation on Different Vital Organ Functional Biomarkers

Authors: Su-Mei Chen Liu, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 16 Pages.

The study objective was to investigate the potential of the Consciousness Energy Treated test formulation on vital organs like bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain using various cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Su-Mei Chen Liu, USA and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the test formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in six different cells. The experimental groups of Biofield Treated Medium (BT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI) group showed 53.5% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 127.9% (at 10 µg/mL), and 53.3% (at 25 µg/mL) restoration of cell viability, respectively in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group. Moreover, the UT-Med + BT-TI group showed 144% and 87.9% restoration of cell viability at 1 and 10 µg/mL, respectively in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to the untreated group. Furthermore, 195%, 242.5%, and 117.5% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL compared to the untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 94.2% (at 10 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI; while 87.6%, 90.5%, and 90.3% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 50 µg/mL in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by 249.5% and 167.4% in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 1 µg/mL in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 94.5% (at 0.1 µg/mL) and 77.7% (at 25 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively; while 58.4% (at 10 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 70.3% and 106% in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively 1 µg/mL compared to untreated in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 95.9% in the UT-Med + BT-TI group at 0.1 µg/mL compared to untreated in A549 cells. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 58.4% and 135.9% in the BT-Med + BT-TI group at 10 and 25 µg/mL, respectively; while 72.8% (at 25 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + UT-TI group as compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 373.2% (at 1 µg/mL) and 263.1% (at 10 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + UT-TI group; while 318.4% (at 1 µg/mL) and 224.4% (at 10 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Overall, these results suggest that Biofield Energy Treated test formulation has significantly improved the bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain-related functional enzyme biomarkers. Altogether data suggest that the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be useful to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organ such as lungs, liver, heart, brain, and bones. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as heart attack, coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, Wilson disease, hemochromatosis, cirrhosis, liver cancer, pneumonia, asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[64] viXra:1909.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 07:24:43

Deep Reinforcement Learning for Visual Question Answering

Authors: Ayoub Abraich
Comments: 131 Pages.

La conception de bout en bout des systèmes de dialogue est récemment devenue un sujet de recherche populaire grâce à des outils puissants tels que des architectures codeur-décodeur pour l'apprentissage séquence à séquence. Pourtant, la plupart des approches actuelles considèrent la gestion du dialogue homme-machine comme un problème d’apprentissage supervisé, visant à prédire la prochaine déclaration d’un participant, compte tenu de l’historique complet du dialogue. Cette vision est aussi simpliste pour rendre le problème de planification intrinsèque inhérent au dialogue ainsi que sa nature enracinée, rendant le contexte d'un dialogue plus vaste que seulement l'historique. C’est la raison pour laquelle seules les tâches de bavardage et de réponse aux questions ont été traitées jusqu’à présent en utilisant des architectures de bout en bout. Dans ce rapport, nous présentons une méthode d’apprentissage par renforcement profond permettant d’optimiser les dialogues axés sur les tâches, basés sur l’algorithme policy gradient. Cette approche est testée sur un ensemble de données de 120 000 dialogues collectés via Mechanical Turk et fournit des résultats encourageants pour résoudre à la fois le problème de la génération de dialogues naturels et la tâche de découvrir un objet spécifique dans une image complexe.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[63] viXra:1909.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 07:44:12

Mini-Brain Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Scientists at the University of California, San Diego have used stem cells to create miniature brains that developed functional neural networks. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31]
Category: Mind Science

[62] viXra:1909.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 08:05:41

Light Over Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 92 Pages.

Scientists at Linköping University have shown how a quantum computer really works and have managed to simulate quantum computer properties in a classical computer. [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[61] viXra:1909.0071 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-04 09:55:24

Romanian Language, the Graphical Law and More

Authors: Anindya Kumar Biswas
Comments: 31 Pages. expanded

We study a Romanian to English dictionary. We draw the natural logarithm of the number of words, normalised, starting with a letter vs the natural logarithm of the rank of the letter. We find that the words underlie a magnetisation curve of a Spin-Glass in presence of an external magnetic field. Then we draw in the natural logarithm scale, number of nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs respectively, starting with a letter vs rank of the letter, both normalised. We find that the graphs are closer to the curves of reduced magnetisation vs reduced temperature for various approximations of Ising model with non-random coupling.
Category: Linguistics

[60] viXra:1909.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 09:08:10

Machines Move Your Genes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

By combining theory and experiment, researchers have discovered the surprising way one of these machines, called the spindle, avoids slowdowns: congestion. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are now able to see greater details of DNA origami nanostructures, which will lead to a greater understanding and control of their assembly for future applications. [19] Nanocages are highly interesting molecular constructs, from the point of view of both fundamental science and possible applications. [18] DNA flows inside a cell's nucleus in a choreographed line dance, new simulations reveal. [17]
Category: Physics of Biology

[59] viXra:1909.0069 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-10 16:06:03

Hurricane Suppression Using Salt

Authors: Alec Feinberg
Comments: 3 Pages.

This paper is a short overview of why adding salt to the eye of a hurricane might be an effective method for suppressing a hurricane by disrupting its electric field which is known to exist in hurricanes. A salt powder absorbed into the moist atmosphere would add a measure of ionic conductivity and could significantly reduce the electric and electromagnetic fields build-up which would change a hurricane’s pressure and ability to stay organized. There is a history of observed strong electric fields inside hurricanes, primarily in the eye. A hurricane’s electric field role is not well understood. We hypothesize some physics of how the electric field’s role can aid in reducing pressure; thus if fields can be discharged, pressure levels should then increase, weakening the hurricane. Considering the damage hurricanes create, and their increase threat due to global warming, rewards could overwhelm risks in a proper investigation of hurricane de-electrification.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[58] viXra:1909.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 09:56:01

Smartphone Fluorescence Microscope

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Researchers in the U.S. and China have developed a method to transform a smartphone into a fluorescence microscope. [29] Using an affordable, portable device that attaches to a smartphone, a University of Arizona researcher and his collaborators hope to save lives in rural Africa. [28] A team of researchers from the School of Physics at the University of St Andrews have developed tiny lasers that could revolutionise our understanding and treatment of many diseases, including cancer. [27] Scientist have cast new light on the behaviour of tiny hair-like structures called cilia found on almost every cell in the body. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/free+energy/" free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[57] viXra:1909.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 12:14:28

A Polynomial Time Algorithm for 3-Sat

Authors: Ortho Flint, Asanka Wickramasinghe, Jay Brasse, Chris Fowler
Comments: 7 Pages. Proofs and code can be found at polynomial3sat.org

In this paper, we provide a polynomial time (and space), algorithm that determines satisfiability of 3-SAT.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[56] viXra:1909.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 12:51:30

The Labelled Cycle-Decomposition Trees of a Connected Graph

Authors: Ortho Flint, Stuart Rankin
Comments: 10 Pages. The labelled cycle-decomposition trees are a powerful invariant and computationally inexpensive to produce.

The notion of a labelled cycle-decomposition tree for an arbitrary graph is introduced in this paper. The idea behind the labelled cycle-decomposition tree, one constructed for each vertex in the graph, is to attach to each vertex a data structure that gives more than local information about the vertex, where the data structures can be compared in polynomial time. The fact that trees can be compared in linear time, with particularly efficient algorithms for solving the isomorphism problem for rooted and labelled trees, led us to consider how we could represent the vertex's view of the graph by means of a labelled rooted tree. Of course, cycles in the graph can't be directly recorded by means of a tree structure, but in this article, we present one method for recording certain of the cycles that are encountered during a breadth-first search from the vertex in question. The collection of labelled, so-called cycle-decomposition trees for the graph, one for each vertex, provide an invariant of the graph.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[55] viXra:1909.0065 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-16 07:07:08

The Length and Mass Scales of Cosmology and Astrophysics from Quantum Scales

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 11 Pages. Typos corrected

The length and mass scales of cosmology and astrophysics are shown to derive from quantum scales. The Quantum/Classical connection maps the Bohr radius, the reduced Compton wavelength and the classical electron radius – three ‘quantum’ length scales that lie in geometric progression with common ratio α, the fine structure constant – onto three ‘classical’ length scales: the radius of the observable universe; the radius of the stellar halo of the geometric-mean-sized galaxy that is typified by the Milky Way; and the radius of the planetary system of the geometric-mean-sized star that is typified by the sun. By way of the Quantum/Classical connection, the three classical length scales lie in geometric progression with common ratio equal to alpha^5/2 (=4.55E-6). This observation has opened up a framework of multiplicative relationships between cosmological and astrophysical scales based on powers of alpha^5/2. The astrophysical scales of the model refer to the geometric mean values of distributions of scales. ‘Local’ scales take very nearly ideal (geometric mean) values. The baryonic mass of the Milky Way and the mass of the sun approximate very closely to the baryonic mass of the Hubble sphere multiplied by alpha^5 and alpha^10, respectively. The total mass of the Milky Way, the mass of the supermassive black hole Sgr A* at the centre of the Milky Way and the geometric mean mass of black hole-black hole gravitational wave event progenitors approximate very closely to the total mass/energy of the Hubble sphere multiplied by alpha^5, alpha^15/2 and alpha^10, respectively. The results indicate that the total mass/energy of the Hubble sphere increases with time and that black holes grow at Hubble rate. The Schwarzschild radius of the ‘ideal’ star equals the radius of the star multiplied by alpha^5/2. By way of the Quantum/Classical connection, the radius and mass of the ‘ideal’ star map onto the mass and atomic radius, respectively, of the stable nuclide iron-56. The nearly-ideal sun is the counterpart of the stable nuclide chromium-53.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[54] viXra:1909.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 16:46:12

Why Does Earth Moon Orbit Regress?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 23 Pages.

Why does Earth Moon Orbit regress? Earth Moon regresses yearly 19 degrees which means 1.44 degrees per month (Lunar nodes are moving west by about 19° per year) Paper Hypotheses 1.Moon Orbit Regression proves that "Energy is Transported from Point to another through the solar system" 2.Moon Orbit Regression Energy is transported from Pluto to Uranus to Mercury to Earth Moon Orbit 3.Moon Orbit Regression is A Solar Group General Motion. i.e. -Solar Group is one building and each planet is a part of it. or Solar Group is one machine and each planet is a gear of it. -Based on that – Solar Planet Motion is not individual or independent motion – on the contrary – all solar planets move together as a train moves with all its carriages (although solar planets move by different velocities from each other – but they together consist one general motion) The paper tries to prove these facts
Category: Astrophysics

[53] viXra:1909.0061 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-19 21:46:23

Acl-Gan: Multi-Domain Image-to-Image Translation Gan Using New Losses to Reduce the Time for Hyperparameter Optimization and Training

Authors: JeongIk Cho
Comments: 13 Pages.

StarGAN, which has impressive performance in image-to-image translation, is based on the determination of three important hyperparameters: adversarial weight, classification weight, and reconstruction weight, which have a significant impact on the performance of the model. In this study, by proposing an attribute loss that can replace conditional GAN losses: adversarial loss and classification loss, the time required for the optimization of attribute weight replaced the time required for the optimization of adversarial weight and classification weight, which can drastically reduce the time required for hyperparameter optimization. Proposed attribute loss is the sum of the losses of each GAN when creating a GAN for each attribute, and since each GAN shares a hidden layer, it does not increase the amount of computation much. Also, propose simplified content loss, which reduces computation by simplifying reconstruction loss. Reconstruction loss of StarGAN goes through the generator twice, while simplified content loss goes through only once, reduce the amount of computation. Also, propose an architecture that prevents background distortion through image framing and improves training speed through a bidirectional progressive growing generator.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[52] viXra:1909.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 23:11:41

If Riemann’s Zeta Function is True, it Contradicts Zeta’s Dirichlet Series, Causing "Explosion". If it is False, it Causes Unsoundness.

Authors: Ayal Sharon
Comments: 32 Pages. Approx. 7500 words, and approx. 130 references in the bibliography

Riemann's "analytic continuation" produces a second definition of the Zeta function, that Riemann claimed is convergent throughout half-plane $s \in \mathbb{C}$, $\text{Re}(s)\le1$, (except at $s=1$). This contradicts the original definition of the Zeta function (the Dirichlet series), which is proven divergent there. Moreover, a function cannot be both convergent and divergent at any domain value. In other mathematics conjectures and assumed-proven theorems, and in physics, the Riemann Zeta function (or the class of $L$-functions that generalizes it) is assumed to be true. Here the author shows that the two contradictory definitions of Zeta violate Aristotle's Laws of Identity, Non-Contradiction, and Excluded Middle. The of Non-Contradiction is an axiom of classical and intuitionistic logics, and an inherent axiom of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory (which was designed to avoid paradoxes). If Riemann's definition of Zeta is true, then the Zeta function is a contradiction that causes deductive "explosion", and the foundation logic of mathematics must be replaced with one that is paradox-tolerant. If Riemann's Zeta is false, it renders unsound all theorems and conjectures that falsely assume that it is true. Riemann's Zeta function appears to be false, because its derivation uses the Hankel contour, which violates the preconditions of Cauchy's integral theorem.
Category: Number Theory

[51] viXra:1909.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 23:11:03

Refutation of the Russell-Prawitz Embedding

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the Russell-Prawitz embedding as not tautologous. Hence atomization of universal instantiation does not follow (nor does proof reduction, weakening of dinaturality conversion, or strict simulation). These conjectures form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[50] viXra:1909.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 23:46:00

Potassium Channel Origami Windmill Model

Authors: Sun Zuodong
Comments: 4 Pages.

The potassium channel model proposed in this paper is an independent functional unit, four α-helixs rotate synchronously in one direction, it transports K+ passively and unilaterally and has no dependence on ATP, that is different from previous models such as "paddle model" "propeller model " and "revolving door model ". Its mechanism is that K+ and the positively charged amino acids inα-helixs form a repulsive force, which pushes the "blade" back and makes the "windmill" rotate. The aperture size of K+ channel varies with the speed of windmill. This determines the "opening" and "closing" of channel holes. The model of "origami windmill" reveals the mechanism of K+ channel operation by applying the principles of cell biophysics. This has enlightening significance for other basic research related to it. Perhaps, this will help answer the basic biological questions of human health and disease from the source.
Category: Physics of Biology

[49] viXra:1909.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 01:30:30

Graphene Super-Resolution Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Göttingen have developed a new method that takes advantage of the unusual properties of graphene to electromagnetically interact with fluorescing (light-emitting) molecules. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz “could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates,” Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[48] viXra:1909.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 04:18:28

Asymmetric Dielectric Environment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Plasmonic nanostructures have been widely used for enhancing light-matter interactions due to the strong local field enhancement in deep subwavelength volumes. [47] Researchers at the University of Göttingen have developed a new method that takes advantage of the unusual properties of graphene to electromagnetically interact with fluorescing (light-emitting) molecules. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[47] viXra:1909.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 04:24:22

Analysis of the Biofield Energy Based Test Formulation on Vital Organ Health Specific Biomarkers Using Cell Based Assay

Authors: Maria Isabel Aguilar Tiraboschi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 11 Pages.

Vital organs dysfunction is one of the major concerns now-a-day, which results in high mortality rate in health care centers. Thus, growth and normal functioning of the vital organs is the major concern for better health. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the Biofield Energy on the test formulation and the cell line media for the function of vital organs such as bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain using cell-based assays. Different organ-based cell lines were used in the study for testing the effects of test formulation. The test item (TI) and specific cell line media (Med) was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT-TI) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Maria Isabel Aguilar Tiraboschi, Uruguay and were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation. Cell viability data suggested that the test formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in the tested cell lines. Cytoprotective action of the test formulation showed a significant maximum restoration of cell viability by 23.7% (at 25.5µg/mL), 54.1% (at 10µg/mL), and 81.6% (at 63.75µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while 53.4% (at 63.75µg/mL), 20.2% (at 63.75µg/mL), and 43.9% (at 10µg/mL) improved cellular protection of human hepatoma cells (HepG2) cells in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. In addition, cytoprotective activity in adenocarcinoma human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) showed improved cell viability by 121.9% (at 1µg/mL), 416% (at 25.5µg/mL), and 323% (at 25.5µg/mL) in the UT-Med+BT-TI, BT-Med+UT-TI, and BT-Med+BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. ALP activity in MG-63 cells was maximum increased by 78.2% at 50µg/mL in the BT-Med + BT-TI group, while in Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 67.5% at 50µg/mL in the BT-Med + UT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. The maximum percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 26.6% (at 25.5µg/mL), 37.9% (at 10µg/mL), and 76.5% (at 25.5µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI group, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Alanine amino transferase (ALT) in terms of percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was reported by 21.1% (at 10µg/mL), 93.9% (at 63.75µg/mL), and 51.4% (at 63.75µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) in terms of percentage was increased by 57.2% (at 25.5µg/mL), 176.9% (at 10µg/mL), and 184.2% (at 10µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 34.8% (at 63.75µg/mL), 65.4% (at 63.75µg/mL), and 398.7% (at 1µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med+BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated test group in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 207.9% (at 0.1µg/mL), 37.1% (at 10µg/mL), and 141% (at 10µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Thus, Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®) would be significantly useful for multiple organ health that can be used against coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[46] viXra:1909.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 04:25:02

Biological Significance of the Biofield Energy Treatment Based Test Formulation on Various Biomarkers Using Cell-Based Assays

Authors: Dimitrius Anagnos, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 10 Pages.

The aim of the present study determined the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation using cell lines related with vital organs functioning. Different cells based assay were used based on the vital organs function of bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain. The test formulation and cells media was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dimitrius Anagnos, USA and were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation / media. The test formulation was tested against various activities using cell line assay in their specific medium (Med). The test formulation was tested for cell viability, and the results showed that the test formulation at tested concentrations was found non-toxic against all the cell line. Cytoprotective action of the test formulation showed a significant maximum restoration of cell viability by 25.6% (at 63.75 µg/mL), 46.7% (at 0.1 µg/mL), and 109.5% (at 63.75 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while 41.3%, 22.8%, and 34.8% at 63.75 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. However, cyto-protective activity in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) showed improved cell viability by 117.7% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 61.3% (at 25.5 µg/mL), and 104% (at 0.1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. ALP activity in MG-63 cells was significantly increased by 105.7% at 10 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while in Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 368% and 602% at 0.1 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated group. The maximum percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 58.8% at 1 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while BT-Med + UT-TI group showed increased protection by 32.6% at 25 µg/mL, and improved cellular protection by 60.4% and 109.5% at 25 and 63.75 µg/mL respectively, in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated test group. Alanine amino transferase (ALT) in terms of percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was reported by 35.9% (at 10 µg/mL), 84.2% (at 25.5 µg/mL), and 87.6% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) in terms of percentage was increased by 35.2% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 35.2% (at 0.1 µg/mL), and 79.7% (at 1 µg/mL), in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased at 25 µg/mL by 30.6%, 107.7%, and 89.1% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated test group in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased at 50 µg/mL by 156.1%, 158.7%, and 68.1% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. In conclusion, Biofield Energy treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®) would be significantly useful for multiple organ health that can be used against coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[45] viXra:1909.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 04:25:27

Antioxidant and Organ Protective Potential of the Consciousness Energy Healing-Based Novel Test Formulation Using Different Biomarkers Analysis

Authors: Kathryn Regina Sweas, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 12 Pages.

The aim of this paper was to investigate the impact of the Biofield Energy Treatment on the test formulation by focusing on the function of vital organs viz. bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain in various cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one part was untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Kathryn Regina Sweas, USA and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the test formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in six different cells. The experimental group of Biofield Treated medium (BT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI) group showed 53.5%, 127.9%, and 53.3% restoration of cell viability, at 0.1, 10, and 25 µg/mL, respectively in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group. Moreover, UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups showed 42.4% (at 25 µg/mL) and 72.6% (at 0.1 µg/mL), restoration of cell viability, respectively in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to untreated. Furthermore, 67.7% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by BT-Med + BT-TI group at 0.1 µg/mL compared to the untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 80.7%, 85%, and 93.7% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by 65.8% (at 25 µg/mL) and 106.7% (at 50 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 100.9% (at 0.1 µg/mL) and 91.2% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 51.5% and 133.6% at 10 and 63 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-Med + BT-TI group compared to untreated in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 55.8% (at 10 µg/mL) and 43.8% (at 1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + UT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated in A549 cells. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 80%, 77.2%, and 58.7% in the BT-Med + BT-TI group at 10, 25, and 63 µg/mL, respectively as compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 136.8%, 191.9%, and 165.8% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 50 µg/mL compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Altogether, results suggest that Biofield Treated test formulation significantly improved the bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain functional enzyme biomarkers also to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organs. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, congenital heart disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, cirrhosis, cardiomyopathy, liver cancer, Wilson disease, hemochromatosis, pneumonia, chronic bronchitis, asthma, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[44] viXra:1909.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 04:39:18

Data Storage Parabola Trick

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 94 Pages.

Prospective digital data storage devices predominantly rely on novel fundamental magnetic phenomena. [57] Scientists at Linköping University have shown how a quantum computer really works and have managed to simulate quantum computer properties in a classical computer. [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[43] viXra:1909.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 04:57:09

Optometer Chromatic Aberration

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

Wavelength-specific optical defocus can now be corrected for multiple colours simultaneously using a technique developed by researchers at the University of Washington. [48] Plasmonic nanostructures have been widely used for enhancing light-matter interactions due to the strong local field enhancement in deep subwavelength volumes. [47] Researchers at the University of Göttingen have developed a new method that takes advantage of the unusual properties of graphene to electromagnetically interact with fluorescing (light-emitting) molecules. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[42] viXra:1909.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 05:33:38

Edge of Chaos Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

A phenomenon that is well known from chaos theory was observed in a material for the first time ever, by scientists from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. [48] Plasmonic nanostructures have been widely used for enhancing light-matter interactions due to the strong local field enhancement in deep subwavelength volumes. [47] Researchers at the University of Göttingen have developed a new method that takes advantage of the unusual properties of graphene to electromagnetically interact with fluorescing (light-emitting) molecules. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[41] viXra:1909.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 07:54:28

CERN Sensor of Gravitational Wave

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

The measurement is done by pointing laser light at a liquid and seeing how it is reflected. Compared to weight-spring seismometers, the PLI can detect angular motion in addition to translational motion (up-and-down and side-to-side), and it can pick up low-frequency motion with a very high precision. [21] A team of physicists and astronomers from Northwestern University is poised to lead gravitational-wave astronomy into its next evolution. [20] The improvement will see the twin observatories-located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US-double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[40] viXra:1909.0047 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-12 01:03:06

Hypothesis: Dark Energy or just Energy?

Authors: Nick Markov
Comments: 9 Pages. New validation approaches, formulas and appendices added in this revision.

This letter hypothesizes that matter expands proportionally with space. The expansion of the universe could be causing gravity instead of opposing it. The new perspective works without dark matter, extra dimensions, big bang, great attractor, and does not require changes to the established laws of physics. Five different approaches are proposed to validate the hypothesis at the macro- and micro level.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[39] viXra:1909.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 08:10:56

Time Dilation and Space-Time Curvature

Authors: Nick Markov
Comments: 10 Pages.

Correlation between relativistic time dilation and space-time curvature is presented aiming to explain the observed galactic rotational curves without introducing hidden parameters, such as dark matter. The relation is supported with measured data from five spiral galaxies of various sizes and rotational velocities. Correlations are also provided for a galaxy cluster and for the Solar System.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[38] viXra:1909.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 09:02:02

Quantum Gauge Theories Simulation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Quantum gauge theories are mathematical constructs that are typically used by physicists to describe subatomic particles, their associated wave fields and the interactions between them. [35] A novel technique that nudges single atoms to switch places within an atomically thin material could bring scientists another step closer to realizing theoretical physicist Richard Feynman's vision of building tiny machines from the atom up. [34] One of the most enduring "Holy Grail" experiments in science has been attempts to directly observe atomic motions during structural changes. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[37] viXra:1909.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 09:18:20

Write and Read Quantum Messages

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Quantum information relies on the possibility of writing messages in a quantum particle and reading them out in a reliable way. [36] Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have come up with a way to manipulate tungsten diselenide (WSe2)-a promising two-dimensional material-to further unlock its potential to enable faster, more efficient computing, and even quantum information processing and storage. [35] The human brain has amazing capabilities making it in many ways more powerful than the world's most advanced computers. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[36] viXra:1909.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 09:45:21

Quantum Darwinism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

However, quantum Darwinism is not the only game in town. [19] A team of researchers has devised a simple way to tune a hallmark quantum effect in graphene-the material formed from a single layer of carbon atoms-by bathing it in light. [18] Researchers from the University of Cambridge have taken a peek into the secretive domain of quantum mechanics. [17] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11] Some three-dimensional materials can exhibit exotic properties that only exist in "lower" dimensions. For example, in one-dimensional chains of atoms that emerge within a bulk sample, electrons can separate into three distinct entities, each carrying information about just one aspect of the electron's identity-spin, charge, or orbit. The spinon, the entity that carries information about electron spin, has been known to control magnetism in certain insulating materials whose electron spins can point in any direction and easily flip direction. Now, a new study just published in Science reveals that spinons are also present in a metallic material in which the orbital movement of electrons around the atomic nucleus is the driving force behind the material's strong magnetism. [10] Currently studying entanglement in condensed matter systems is of great interest. This interest stems from the fact that some behaviors of such systems can only be explained with the aid of entanglement. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[35] viXra:1909.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 10:07:31

DNA Origami Nanostructures

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are now able to see greater details of DNA origami nanostructures, which will lead to a greater understanding and control of their assembly for future applications. [19] Nanocages are highly interesting molecular constructs, from the point of view of both fundamental science and possible applications. [18] DNA flows inside a cell's nucleus in a choreographed line dance, new simulations reveal. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16]
Category: Physics of Biology

[34] viXra:1909.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 10:11:55

Refutation of Algorithm for 3-Sat Satisfiability Via Claimed Boolean Rules

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate a definition of two Boolean rules claimed for intersection and union as not tautologous. This refutes the subsequent conjecture of an algorithm for 3-SAT satisfiability, to form non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[33] viXra:1909.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 12:22:44

Light-By-Light Scattering Once More

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

On August 23, 2017, using the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST),I showed that the central value for the cross section for light-by-light scattering should be 76.5 nb. At that time, the LHC result was 70 nb. But now (2019) it is 78 nb i.e. much closer to the SST value and in bigger distance from the Standard Model (SM) predicted central values i.e. 45 and 49 nb. Notice that the SM result 45 +- 9 nb is outside the current experimental result measured with high accuracy (the 8.2 sigma).
Category: Quantum Physics

[32] viXra:1909.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 12:25:38

Zeroes of The Riemann Zeta Function and Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Shekhar Suman
Comments: 5 Pages.

Modulus of Hadamard product is shown increasing which proves the Riemann Hypothesis
Category: Number Theory

[31] viXra:1909.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 14:59:53

Refutation of Rewriting Logic for Compositional Specification

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the first motivational example, before mutual exclusion of multiple trains, for states and transitions as defined. The conjectured model is not tautologous, refutes rewriting logic for compositional specification, and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[30] viXra:1909.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 23:07:02

A Short Communication & Technical Notes on - Developing Novel Image Processing Algorithms Using - [ MarvinJ+JSON+IMAGEAI+Z3 API in Python(Theorem Prover)] in the Context of Next Generation Medical Image Processing Software/Cryo-EM Image Processing

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

A Short Communication & Technical Notes on - Developing Novel Image Processing Algorithms Using - [ MarvinJ+JSON+IMAGEAI+Z3 API in Python(Theorem Prover)] in the Context of Next Generation Medical Image Processing Software/Cryo-EM Image Processing Software Architecture R&D for [ AI/IoT/HPC/Mobile Systems ] Heterogeneous Environment/s
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[29] viXra:1909.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 01:06:36

Love and Hatred, Their Probable Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 9 Pages. -

The probable etymology of two Russian words is considered
Category: Linguistics

[28] viXra:1909.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 02:04:52

Using Laser to Realize Quantum Communication

Authors: CuiHailong
Comments: 3 Pages.

using the coherence of laser, superluminal quantum communication is realized at long distance, which opens up a new era of communication.
Category: Classical Physics

[27] viXra:1909.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 04:21:55

The Impact of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Test Formulation on Vital Organs Health Biomarkers

Authors: Joy Angevin Balmer, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 14 Pages.

The study was performed to find out the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on the function of vital organs viz. bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain in various cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Joy Angevin Balmer, USA and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the test formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in six different cells. The Biofield Energy Treated medium (BT-Med) + Biofield Treated test item (UT-TI) group showed 149.3% restoration of cell viability at 1 µg/mL as compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF). Moreover, the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups showed 54.2% (at 0.1 µg/mL) and 43.5% (at 63 µg/mL) restoration of cell viability, respectively in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to untreated. Furthermore, 58.3% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by UT-Med + BT-TI group at 0.1 µg/mL compared to the untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 92.4%, 72.1%, and 87.4% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 50 µg/mL in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by 64.7% (at 25 µg/mL) and 87.9% (at 50 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 163% and 80.6% in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 89.3% and 60.4% at 1 µg/mL in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 61.1% (at 1 µg/mL) and 43.5% (at 63 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + UT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated in A549 cells. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 32.5% and 34.2% in the BT-Med + BT-TI group at 10 and 63 µg/mL, respectively as compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 174.4% (at 10 µg/mL), 212% (at 1 µg/mL), and 196.1% (at 0.01 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Overall, these results suggest that Biofield Treated test formulation significantly improved the bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain functional enzyme biomarkers. Altogether data suggest that the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be useful to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organ such as lungs, liver, heart, brain, and bones. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart failure, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cirrhosis, cardiomyopathy, liver cancer, Wilson disease, hemochromatosis, pneumonia, asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, osteoporosis, cystic fibrosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[26] viXra:1909.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-03 04:22:32

The Potential of the Biofield Energy Treated Novel Proprietary Test Formulation on Organs Specific Biomarkers

Authors: Inthirani Arul, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 15 Pages.

The study was investigated to find out the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on the function of vital organs viz. bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain in various cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Inthirani Arul, Canada and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the test formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in six different cells. The Biofield Energy Treated medium (BT-Med) + untreated test item (UT-TI) group showed 97.9% and 88.9% restoration of cell viability at 10 and 25 µg/mL, respectively as compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF). Moreover, BT-Med + BT-TI group showed 62.8% and 86.2% restoration of cell viability at 1 and 63 µg/mL, respectively in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to untreated. Furthermore, 125.6% (at 0.1 µg/mL) and 94.8% (at 63 µg/mL) restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + UT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 81.8%, 83.9%, and 83.2% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 50 µg/mL in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by 1430% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 332.6% (at 1 µg/mL), and 265% (at 0.1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 69% (at 1 µg/mL), 100.9% (at 0.1 µg/mL), and 76.9% (at 25 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 44.4% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 63.9% (at 10 µg/mL), and 84.9% (at 1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 35.1% and 78.3% in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 1 µg/mL compared to untreated in A549 cells. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 71.6%, 82.8%, and 104.8% in the BT-Med + BT-TI group at 1, 10, and 25 µg/mL, respectively as compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 253.5% (at 1 µg/mL) and 270.3% (at 50 µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group; while 235.2% at 10 µg/mL in the BT-Med + UT-TI group as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Overall, these results suggest that Biofield Treated test formulation significantly improved the relevant bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain-related biomarkers. Altogether data suggest that the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be useful to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organ such as lungs, liver, heart, brain, and bones. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart failure, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cirrhosis, cardiomyopathy, liver cancer, Wilson disease, hemochromatosis, pneumonia, asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, osteoporosis, cystic fibrosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[25] viXra:1909.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 08:30:19

Triple Cosines Theorem

Authors: Yuly Shipilevsky
Comments: 1 Page.

We prove that in Cartesian Coordinate System, the cosine of the angle between lines, belonging to two coordinate planes and both lines go through the origin with the corresponding angles to the same common axis is equal to multiplication of cosines of these angles.
Category: Geometry

[24] viXra:1909.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 12:06:47

Mirror Sieves :Goldbach vs Matiyasevich

Authors: Francis Maleval
Comments: 1 Page.

The sieve of the addition of two prime numbers and the sieve of the product of two natural numbers are linked by a paradox of symmetrical objects. Goldbach's conjecture, additive version of a property of primes, would then have no chance being demonstrated if its multiplicative alter ego remained impenetrable to the disorder of prime numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[23] viXra:1909.0026 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-01 14:55:57

Neutrinos as the Photons of the Strong Force

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 17 Pages.

This paper offers some rough ideas on doing away with the boson-fermion classification, and some more. We analyze the strong force as a proper force, which implies an analysis of the strong charge that it is supposed to act on. Such analysis is done through a dimensional analysis of Yukawa’s potential equation. We then think of the neutrino as an oscillation, applying our one-cycle photon model to it. In other words, we think of it as a carrier of the strong energy, rather than as a carrier of the strong force.
Category: Quantum Physics

[22] viXra:1909.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 12:26:11

Unité Aux Unités de Planck

Authors: Francis Maleval
Comments: 2 Pages.

Ontologiquement, nous constatons que la constante de structure fine intrinsèque à la charge génère sur l'espace-temps l'entrelacs des constantes dimensionnées ml, h, G, itérées en progression géométrique de raison c. Comme alpha est aussi le ratio entre la vitesse de l'électron et la vitesse de la lumière dans le vide, nous avons là un-tout.
Category: Quantum Physics

[21] viXra:1909.0024 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-21 12:23:45

Unified Theory of Gravity and Electromagnetic Field

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 4 Pages. Thank you for reading

Solutions of unified theory equations of gravity and electromagnetism satisfy Einstein-Maxwell equation. Hence, solutions of the unified theory is Reissner- Nordstrom solution in vacuum. We found the revised Einstein gravity tensor equation , the condition is satisfied by 2 order contravariant metric tensor two times product , the constant matrix.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[20] viXra:1909.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 14:18:42

Fizeau Interferometer and Doppler Effect

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 2 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications

The interference pattern from a Fizeau interferometer is conserved in all inertial reference frames. Its constructive pattern requires the wavelength to be proportional to the width of the interferometer at the point of interference. The length contraction from Lorentz transformation assumes the interferometer to be contracted in the direction of the relative motion. The wavelength is contracted as well. For two observers moving at the same speed, the contracted wavelength appears to be identical for both of them. If one of them moves in the opposite direction, they will observe an identical wavelength but two different frequencies due to the Doppler effect. Consequently, they observe two different speeds from the same light.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[19] viXra:1909.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 15:50:05

Mass Is Distributed Through Solar System

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis 1-Planet Mass Is Not A Planet Property But Distributed Based On Solar System Geometrical Rules 2-Mass Distribution Proves That Solar Group Is One Building And Each Planet Is A Part Of This Same Building- And The Energy Is Transported Through The Solar Group To Create The Planet Matter And Orbital Distance. 3-Saturn Is Solar System Central Point (i.e. Saturn Is Solar System Motor) 4-Mass Distribution aims To create Different Rates Of Time Between The Solar Planets Motions.
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1909.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 18:16:59

The Proposed Age of Beta Pictoris b

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: two handwritten pages of calculations/printouts

Beta Pictoris b is proposed to be ~250 million years old according to its total axial angular momentum with reference to the general theory of stellar metamorphosis. Its host Beta Pictoris is okay at ~12 million years old as currently believed by astronomers, but this can change if it does not match observations. Unfortunately for the status quo it means one star is ~20.8 times more evolved than the other, so they could not have formed at the same time or in the same vicinity of each other. Explanation is provided with calculations and a graph.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1909.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 18:22:18

The Valuation of Interest Rate Swap with Bilateral Counterparty Risk

Authors: Xiao, Tim
Comments: 13 Pages.

This paper presents an analytical model for valuing interest rate swaps, subject to bilateral counterparty credit risk. The counterparty defaults are modeled by the reduced-form model as the first jump of a time-inhomogeneous Poisson process. All quantities modeled are market-observable. The closed-form solution gives us a better understanding of the impact of the credit asymmetry on swap value, credit value adjustment, swap rate and swap spread.
Category: Economics and Finance

[16] viXra:1909.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 21:24:11

Prime Number Pattern 7

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 4 Pages.

This document exposes the construction of infinite patterns for prime numbers smaller than P. In this case, the pattern for prime numbers less than 11 is graphic.
Category: Number Theory

[15] viXra:1909.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 00:07:34

Mont Blanc Climbing Accidents Planetary Connection

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 4 Pages.

Geocosmic factors are clearly visible in "accidentology" of Mont Blanc climbing. Some could be forecasted in advance. Better early warning climate analysis system should be installed in order to cope with overcrowding of climbing route
Category: Geophysics

[14] viXra:1909.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 00:41:30

Secondary Subelement (2019-9-3) Exercise Book of Future Science Institute, Guide Map of Secondary World, Semantic Logic of Parallel Universe

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 258 Pages.

This is a series of science textbook written by Professor Jeff, which focus on mathematics and physics only in this volume. a person who has professional research level or a student being educated in a graduate school can read our textbook without much difficulty. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this textbook, it is better for you to study all the open problems mentioned in this textbook carefully. To write down your unique solutions and opening thought for these problems after your reading. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this series can be mailed to the author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[13] viXra:1909.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 02:45:43

The Non-Abelian Field Current of the Self-Interacting Quantum Electron

Authors: Peter Leifer
Comments: 8 Pages.

Internal degrees of freedoms of the quantum electron (spin and charge) introduced by Dirac lead to the non-Abelian field configuration of the electron in the complex projective Hilbert space $CP(3)$ of the unlocated quantum states (UQS). Such fields represented by the coefficient functions of the local dynamical variables (LDV's) corresponding $SU(4)$ generators of the Poincar\'e group. These generators describe the deformation of the UQS by the dynamical shifts, boosts and rotations. Interaction of this non-Abelian field with the electrodynamics-like gauge field (internal+external) will suppress the divergency of the Jacobi vector field in the vicinity of the ```north pole" in $CP(3)$. Thereby, the stable ``bundle" of the nearby geodesics comprises the lump-like quantum self-interacting electron.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[12] viXra:1909.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 04:43:51

Climate Change: The Science Behind Greta Thunberg and Fridays for Future

Authors: Rainer W. Kühne
Comments: 3 Pages.

Climate activist Greta Thunberg started her Skolstrejk för Klimatet on 20 August 2018. Her activity inspired the weekly international demonstrations of Fridays for Future. In this paper I review the scientific argumentation that justifies the demonstrations.
Category: Social Science

[11] viXra:1909.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 05:18:02

Yield Estimation Formula of Plutonium 239 Nuclear Fission

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 1 Page.

The necessity of this note is to propose a theoretical formula to calculate the energy release in fissile plutonium 239 radioisotope or radionuclide in a nuclear fission reaction. This equation can approximately predict the yield of the fission energy of pu-239. The derivation may be kept classified.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[10] viXra:1909.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 01:13:44

New Patterns of Modular Arithmetics

Authors: Kurmet Sultan
Comments: 1 Page. This Russian version of the article.

The article reports on the new patterns of modular arithmetic.
Category: Number Theory

[9] viXra:1909.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 03:15:45

Interesting R&D Investigations Using Java Script(js) Language & Its Related Software/ai & ML Libraries in the Context of Advanced Medical Image Processing/electron Microscopy Image Processing Informatics Frameworks Based on Ai/ml/dl/iot/hpc

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages. Short Technical Notes & Simple Suggestion

Interesting R&D Investigations Using Java Script(JS) Language & its related Software/AI & ML Libraries in the Context of Advanced Medical Image Processing/Electron Microscopy Image Processing Informatics Frameworks based on AI/ML/DL/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Environment/s – A Simple R&D Introduction. [ Exploring – C/C++/Ruby/LLVM/GCCS/Emscripten/SWIProlog/WASM/MarvinJ/OpenCVJS – for Image Processing ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[8] viXra:1909.0008 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-18 15:07:04

Why Didn't They Come Back?

Authors: Somsikov A.I.
Comments: 6 Pages. -

Mystery of abandoned cities is considered
Category: Geophysics

[7] viXra:1909.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 04:06:59

Metal Oxide Frameworks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Metal oxide frameworks, or MOFs, are solid materials which can behave like ultra-fine sponges. The cavities in the sponge are of nanosize—about the size of individual molecules. [27] Now researchers in France reckon they have finally found convincing evidence for the transformation, having built new devices for pressurizing and observing tiny samples of hydrogen. [26] The phenomenon of metastability, in which a system is in a state that is stable but not the one of least energy, is widely observed in nature and technology. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[6] viXra:1909.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 04:32:02

Cosmetics with Microfluidic Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Scientists are using nanoparticle screening on personal care products and finding previously thought toxic chemicals may not be harmful. [28] Metal oxide frameworks, or MOFs, are solid materials which can behave like ultra-fine sponges. The cavities in the sponge are of nanosize—about the size of individual molecules. [27] Now researchers in France reckon they have finally found convincing evidence for the transformation, having built new devices for pressurizing and observing tiny samples of hydrogen. [26]
Category: Condensed Matter

[5] viXra:1909.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 04:45:53

Nanoscale Light Manipulation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Human pathogens, such as HIV and viruses causing respiratory tract infection, have molecular fingerprints that are difficult to distinguish. To better detect these pathogens, sensors in diagnostic tools need to manipulate light on a nanoscale. [29] Scientists are using nanoparticle screening on personal care products and finding previously thought toxic chemicals may not be harmful. [28] Metal oxide frameworks, or MOFs, are solid materials which can behave like ultra-fine sponges. The cavities in the sponge are of nanosize—about the size of individual molecules. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[4] viXra:1909.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 04:59:15

Hi-Res Patterning Advance Microelectronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

To increase the processing speed and reduce the power consumption of electronic devices, the microelectronics industry continues to push for smaller and smaller feature sizes. [30] Human pathogens, such as HIV and viruses causing respiratory tract infection, have molecular fingerprints that are difficult to distinguish. To better detect these pathogens, sensors in diagnostic tools need to manipulate light on a nanoscale. [29] Scientists are using nanoparticle screening on personal care products and finding previously thought toxic chemicals may not be harmful. [28] Metal oxide frameworks, or MOFs, are solid materials which can behave like ultra-fine sponges. The cavities in the sponge are of nanosize—about the size of individual molecules. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[3] viXra:1909.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 05:12:34

Laser Printing Waterproof E-Textiles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The next generation of waterproof smart fabrics will be laser printed and made in minutes. That's the future imagined by the researchers behind new e-textile technology. [31] To increase the processing speed and reduce the power consumption of electronic devices, the microelectronics industry continues to push for smaller and smaller feature sizes. [30] Human pathogens, such as HIV and viruses causing respiratory tract infection, have molecular fingerprints that are difficult to distinguish. To better detect these pathogens, sensors in diagnostic tools need to manipulate light on a nanoscale. [29] Scientists are using nanoparticle screening on personal care products and finding previously thought toxic chemicals may not be harmful. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[2] viXra:1909.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 05:35:09

Possible New Electron-Pairing Medium in Superconductors: a TDDFT Study of Nb, Nb3ge, Pb and MgB2

Authors: Tiege Zhou
Comments: 6 Pages.

Besides the electron-lattice interaction, the author proposes that the change of the electron clouds of ions can be a new electron-pairing medium in superconductors. Real-time evolution of the charge densities in Nb, Nb3Ge, Pb and MgB2 was calculated by the time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). The electron clouds of Nb atoms change significantly in Nb and Nb3Ge. The natural frequencies are 125 meV and 156 meV, respectively. The frequencies are close to those of lattice vibrations, showing that the change of the electron clouds of the ions can be the electron-pairing medium. For Pb and MgB2, no similar result was obtained.
Category: Condensed Matter

[1] viXra:1909.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 05:47:01

Predictions for Elementary Particles and Explanations for Data About Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and Galaxy Formation

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 60 pages

We suggest descriptions for new elementary particles, dark matter, and dark energy. We use those descriptions to explain data regarding dark matter effects, dark energy effects, and galaxy formation. Our mathematics-based modeling, descriptions, and explanations embrace and augment traditional physics theory modeling.
Category: Astrophysics