[40] **viXra:1105.0043 [pdf]**
*submitted on 31 May 2011*

**Authors:** Ir J.A.J. van Leunen

**Comments:** 2 pages

When deliberating about the fundaments of physics often the existence of a creator and the relation to
religion comes up. This article gives the personal opinion of the author on this subject.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[39] **viXra:1105.0042 [pdf]**
*replaced on 1 Jun 2011*

**Authors:** Mark A. Newstead, Stephen C. Newstead

**Comments:** 5 pages

In this paper we investigate the connection between energy and mass. From
this we propose that mass is “generated” when a volume of space contains a
sufficient amount of localised energy. We then show how this definition
explains various phenomena, for example why mass increases with velocity.

**Category:** Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[38] **viXra:1105.0041 [pdf]**
*replaced on 1 Jun 2011*

**Authors:** Mark A. Newstead, Stephen C. Newstead

**Comments:** 5 pages

In this paper we investigate whether an electromagnetic wave can have mass,
whilst also still having a maximum velocity equal to the speed of light. We find
that their mass is inversely proportional to their velocity, such that they have
no mass when travelling at the speed of light. This proportionality may also
help explain the duality of light.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[37] **viXra:1105.0040 [pdf]**
*submitted on 27 May 2011*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 8 pages

The intrinsic motions of light and time are metric equivalents; they are the primordial entropy drives of free
and bound energy, creating space and history. The dimensions are entropic conservation domains allowing
the simultaneous use, transformation, and conservation of free and bound electromagnetic energy. (See:
"The Time Train"; see also: "The Paradox of the Traveling Twin".)

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[36] **viXra:1105.0039 [pdf]**
*submitted on 25 May 2011*

**Authors:** Jeffrey S. Keen

**Comments:** 8 pages, 4 Figures, 1 Table.

Many published papers have proved that dowsing is affected by some local
astronomical and physical forces. This paper details the effects on dowsing
measurements over a period of one year, due to the changes in vectors caused by the
spin of the earth (1) on its tilted axis, and (2) in its elliptical orbit around the sun.
Via the use of a standard yardstick, significant turning points in curves representing
measurements of length occur at equinoxes and solstices. Vector lengths affected by
the radial spin vector pointing towards the sun have maxima and minima at
equinoxes. This coincides with maximum vorticity in the radial vector as the earth’s
plane of spin passes through the ecliptic plane. Lengths affected by the tangential
spin vector in the direction of the earth’s orbit have a minimum during June and July.
This is expected as the earth is furthest from the sun at aphelion, and hence at
minimum vorticity. Solstices produce perturbations to the main curves.

**Category:** Mind Science

[35] **viXra:1105.0038 [pdf]**
*submitted on 25 May 2011*

**Authors:** T Suslo

**Comments:** 9 pages.

We constraint on computer the best linear unbiased generalized statistics of
random field for the best linear unbiased generalized statistics of
an unknown constant mean of random field and derive the numerical
generalized least-squares estimator of an unknown constant mean of
random field. We derive the third constraint of spatial ststistics and show
that the classic generalized least-squares estimator of
an unknown constant mean of the field is only an asymptotic disjunction of
the numerical one.

**Category:** Statistics

[34] **viXra:1105.0037 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-04-09 13:20:57*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 13 Pages. expansion of "resonance" mechanism understanding

Noether's theorem applies generally only to continuous parameters, such as space and time, and only in particular cases to discontinuous parameters, such as charge. Nevertheless, since charge conservation is well established both observationally and experimentally, it is very likely that the theorem applies also in the particular case of charge. If nothing else, this is the hypothesis to be advanced, and we make the case with numerous arguments throughout this and other papers on the website.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[33] **viXra:1105.0036 [pdf]**
*submitted on 24 May 2011*

**Authors:** V.V. Demjanov

**Comments:** 4 pages.

This note was written in 2005, just after the hundredth anniversary of special relativity,
on the occasion of the following event. A report has appeared in press that “the American
space-lab telescope Wmap detected in the Universe a symmetry axis of the angular
distribution of the relict background microwave radiation”. It is hard to imagine a “better
gift” to the centenary of SRT. Proponents of SRT (which are the most people among
scientists) immediately titled this discovery “The Axis of Evil”, since it wrecks their
notions that there is no absolute reference frame in the World. Such reference pegs turns
out to exist and not only in outer space but in each ordinary Earth’s laboratory. It is this
that I inform about the readers of this note, in case if they know nothing about it.

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics

[32] **viXra:1105.0035 [pdf]**
*replaced on 27 May 2011*

**Authors:** José Francisco García Juliá

**Comments:** 3 pages.

The constancy of the rotational velocity curves of the spiral galaxies from large
distances from their galactic centers could be due to their geometries in form of arms.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[31] **viXra:1105.0034 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-02-11 08:37:48*

**Authors:** Nainan K. Varghese

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Published in General Science Journal

Matter is the only substance that can provide objective existence in space and physical reality to an entity. All real entities are made of matter. Due to lack of a reference, we have no measuring scale to determine matter-contents of real objects. Instead one attribute of matter, mass, represents matter-contents of material objects. Mass, used for this purpose, is itself is often bifurcated into inertial mass, gravitational mass, etc. Inertial mass is measure of inertia, a property attributed to 3D matter-bodies. Gravitational mass is derived from magnitude of gravitational attraction, experienced by a macro body. However, importance accorded to mass (in place of matter-content of an object) caused matter to be regarded as an unnecessary entity even for existence of material bodies and encouraged developments of exotic theories and mysterious particles. Devising a logical measurement scale can help restore glory to matter, rightly due to it, as the only substance that can provide existence to all real objects.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[30] **viXra:1105.0033 [pdf]**
*submitted on 23 May 2011*

**Authors:** Dan Visser

**Comments:** 5 pages

Three new cosmological models are ‘circling’ the science-community: a ‘Bouncing
Universe‘, a ‘Conformal Cyclic Cosmology and a ‘Double Torus Cosmology‘. All new
ideas, commented anonymously and discussed institutionally. This paper wants more
cosmologists and physicists to involve the discussion openly in the media, without walking
save roads. The authors and readers are invited to involve this discussion. Which model is
true and can the mathematics be matched?

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[29] **viXra:1105.0031 [pdf]**
*submitted on 22 May 2011*

**Authors:** Michael Harney

**Comments:** 4 pages

Explanation of The GZK Limit Based on the WSM Model of SRT

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[28] **viXra:1105.0030 [pdf]**
*replaced on 25 May 2011*

**Authors:** S. Sarg Sargoytchev, B. M. Quine

**Comments:** 12 pages

We describe a simple experiment to validate the principle of light isotropy. The method is based on
measurement of the ratio between refractive indices of two different optical media by using a
collimated beam. The method exploits the speed-of-light dependence of light propagating at an angle
across optical interfaces. The experiment provides a means to test for light anisotropy with respect
to a preferred reference frame, for example, determined from measurements of the Cosmic Microwave
Background anisotropy. Presently, the operational management of the GPS system applies corrections
indicating the existence of a universal clock. Other researchers have identified evidence of altitude
dependence for the speed-of-light and other speed variation effects. These phenomena do not fully
comply with the definition of the inertial frame according to Special Relativity. Previous tests of
the speed of light may be categorized into one-way or two-way dependency tests. Two-way tests, such
as Michelson and Morley’s original experiment average a round trip velocity and, consequently, can
only provide limited bounds for some anisotropic effects. One-way tests, such as the experiment
described here, measuring the speed of light in a single direction may be designed with significantly
increased sensitivity to time-dependent variations in light propagation. They may also be designed to
be resilient to clock and wavelength variation errors. Our preliminary results indicate a time-dependent
variation of the speed of light that is not correlated with CMB anisotropy but is consistent with
anisotropy reported by other investigators. The identification of an absolute or preferred reference
frame would provide new experimental evidence that may constrain theories that seek to unify gravity
with the other fundamental forces or improve the standard model.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[27] **viXra:1105.0028 [pdf]**
*submitted on 18 May 2011*

**Authors:** F Winterberg

**Comments:** 9 pages, submitted to Physical Review D, comments and criticisms are welcome

The failure by the large hadron collider to detect supersymmetry and the Higgs particle, suggests
to replace supersymmetry with another fundamental symmetry, for example the symmetry of the
Planck mass plasma where the vacuum is made up by an equal number of positive and negative
Planck mass particles. The Planck mass plasma has for each mass component a phonon-roton
spectrum and it can explain the observed small positive cosmological constant. The masses of
the elementary particles are here explained by the gravitational field energy of pole-dipole
particles, which explain Dirac spinors as composed from gravitationally interacting positive and
negative masses.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[26] **viXra:1105.0027 [pdf]**
*replaced on 1 Jun 2011*

**Authors:** Christian Corda

**Comments:** Pages. Journal of High Energy Physics Volume 2011, Number 8, 101

The physical interpretation of black hole's quasinormal modes is
fundamental for realizing unitary quantum gravity theory as black holes are
considered theoretical laboratories for testing models of such an ultimate
theory and their quasinormal modes are natural candidates for an
interpretation in terms of quantum levels.
The spectrum of black hole's quasinormal modes can be re-analysed by
introducing a black hole's effective temperature which takes into account
the fact that, as shown by Parikh and Wilczek, the radiation spectrum
cannot be strictly thermal. This issue changes in a fundamental way the
physical understanding of such a spectrum and enables a re-examination
of various results in the literature which realizes important modifies on
quantum physics of black holes. In particular, the formula of the
horizon's area quantization and the number of quanta of area result modified
becoming functions of the quantum "overtone" number n. Consequently,
the famous formula of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, its sub-leading
corrections and the number of microstates are also modified. Black hole's
entropy results a function of the quantum overtone number too.
We emphasize that this is the first time that black hole's entropy is
directly connected with a quantum number.
Previous results in the literature are re-obtained in the limit n → ∞.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[25] **viXra:1105.0026 [pdf]**
*submitted on 16 May 2011*

**Authors:** Elia Liitiäinen

**Comments:** 37 pages, Submitted to a journal

We study the moments E[d_{1,k}^{α}]
of the k-th nearest neighbor distance
for independent identically distributed points in R^{n}. In the earlier
literature, the case α > n has been analyzed by assuming a bounded support
for the underlying density. The boundedness assumption is removed by
assuming the multivariate Gaussian distribution. In this case, the nearest
neighbor distances show very different behavior in comparison to earlier
results. In the unbounded case, it is shown that E[d_{1,k}^{α}] is asymptotically
proportional to M^{-1} log^{n-1-α/2}M instead of M^{-α/n} as in the previous
literature.

**Category:** Statistics

[24] **viXra:1105.0025 [pdf]**
*submitted on 16 May 2011*

**Authors:** Branko Kozulic

**Comments:** 41 pages

Recent experimental data from proteomics and genomics are interpreted here in ways that
challenge the predominant viewpoint in biology according to which the four evolutionary
processes, including mutation, recombination, natural selection and genetic drift, are
sufficient to explain the origination of species. The predominant viewpoint appears
incompatible with the finding that the sequenced genome of each species contains hundreds,
or even thousands, of unique genes - the genes that are not shared with any other species.
These unique genes and proteins, singletons, define the very character of every species.
Moreover, the distribution of protein families from the sequenced genomes indicates that the
complexity of genomes grows in a manner different from that of self-organizing networks:
the dominance of singletons leads to the conclusion that in living organisms a most unlikely
phenomenon can be the most common one. In order to provide proper rationale for these
conclusions related to the singletons, the paper first treats the frequency of functional proteins
among random sequences, followed by a discussion on the protein structure space, and it ends
by questioning the idea that protein domains represent conserved units of evolution.

**Category:** Biochemistry

[23] **viXra:1105.0024 [pdf]**
*submitted on 16 May 2011*

**Authors:** Andrea Gregori

**Comments:** 17 pages

We discuss how, in the theoretical scenario presented in [1], the gravity screening and the
gravity impulse which seem to be produced under certain conditions by high temperature
superconductors are expected to be an entropic response to the
ow of part of the system
into a deeper quantum regime.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[22] **viXra:1105.0023 [pdf]**
*submitted on 15 May 2011*

**Authors:** Stoyan Sarg

**Comments:** 8 pages, Report at the Fifteen Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the
Study of Human Ideas on Ultimate Reality and Meaning, Toronto, August 5-8, 2009

Despite the achievements in different fields of natural science we are far from understanding
our origin. The advancement in this field could not be successful if our vision about the
Universe based on the adopted concept of space is wrong. The present model of expanding Universe
relies on a concept of space adopted at the beginning of past century. Presently, some
experiments and a large number of accumulated observations indicate that the adopted concept
of space is not correct. This not only causes problems in Theoretical Physics, but is also
responsible for the missing connections between Physics, Philosophy and Religion. Physics
based on a new space concept provides a promising expectation for solving these problems while
putting a new light about our origin.

**Category:** General Science and Philosophy

[21] **viXra:1105.0022 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-05-13 17:01:06*

**Authors:** Dan Visser

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

This paper shows how my ‘dark energy force formula’ emerges five more space- and two more time-dimensions in nature. The ‘formula’ is earlier described in vixra-papers, announcing the universe is a Double Torus of dark energy and dark matter. The ‘formula’ represents a completely different force than the cosmological constant of Einstein, which is used to explain the accelerated expansion in Big Bang cosmology. With this in mind, two independent experimental investigations have given additional proof for my ‘dark energy force formula’, as follows: 1) The ratio of five extra space-dimensions and two extra time dimensions represent the up- and down electron-spin, behaving in a ‘chessboard-structure’ and associated with grapheme-experiments. 2) A computer-simulation shows a Double Torus, artificially emerging from two colliding black-holes. These results match with my hypothesis that the universe indeed is a Double Torus of dark energy and dark matter, because my (new) ’dark energy force formula‘ matches these two investigations. This (new) force could therefore have a link to topological insulators to guide light without scattering in quantum-computers.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[20] **viXra:1105.0021 [pdf]**
*replaced on 20 Jun 2011*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 17 pages, submitted to the Int. J. Mod. Phys. A

A ternary gauge field theory is explicitly constructed based on a totally
antisymmetric ternary-bracket structure associated with a 3-Lie algebra.
It is shown that the ternary infinitesimal gauge transformations do obey
the key closure relations [δ_{1}, δ_{2}] = δ_{3}.
Invariant actions for the 3-Lie
algebra-valued gauge fields and scalar fields are displayed. We analyze
and point out the difficulties in formulating a nonassociative Octonionic
ternary gauge field theory based on a ternary-bracket associated with the
octonion algebra and defined earlier by Yamazaki. It is shown that a
Yang-Mills-like quadratic action is invariant under global (rigid) transformations
involving the Yamazaki ternary octonionic bracket, and that
there is closure of these global (rigid) transformations based on constant
antisymmetric parameters Λ^{ab} = -Λ^{ba}. Promoting the latter parameters
to spacetime dependent ones Λ^{ab}(x^{μ}) allows to build an octonionic ternary
gauge field theory when one imposes gauge covariant constraints on the
latter gauge parameters leading to field-dependent gauge parameters and
nonlinear gauge transformations. In this fashion one does not spoil the
gauge invariance of the quadratic action under this restricted set of gauge
transformations and which are tantamount to spacetime-dependent scalings
(homothecy) of the gauge fields.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[19] **viXra:1105.0020 [pdf]**
*submitted on 14 May 2011*

**Authors:** J. S. Markovitch

**Comments:** 2 pages.

Compact equations are introduced that reproduce the ne structure constant inverse and the
muon-, neutron-, and proton-electron mass ratios near their experimental limits.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[18] **viXra:1105.0019 [pdf]**
*submitted on 14 May 2011*

**Authors:** Demjanov V.V.

**Comments:** 18 pages.

In the present report I analyze interesting experimental results of laboratory measurements of
the speed of aether wind recently (2009) obtained by Dutch researcher V.Haan at Michelson-type
interferometer based on fiber optic waveguides transmitting the light with wavelength ~1 μm.
Because of a wrong interpretation of his measurements, those proposed at days of Miller (1933)
and Shamir&Fox (1968), V.Haan, proceeding from a reliably measured shift of the interference
fringe registered by modern phasometric electronics, 40 times underestimated the speed of aether
wind (7 km/s), i.e. obtained the same estimations as was earlier reported by Michelson, Miller,
Shamir&Foxs and others who also incorrectly interpreted their data. Now I critically discuss the
errors of interpretation of the experiment by V.Haan. I show that really he measured the speed of
aether wind several hundred km/s. Some proposals are made of modernization of the construction
of fiber optics interferometer capable to raise about 5 times the ratio signal/noise in the device.
Thus the resolution by the phase shift can be obtained not less than 0.005 of the fringe width.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[17] **viXra:1105.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 13 May 2011*

**Authors:** Lyndon Ashmore

**Comments:** 11 pages. Paper accepted for the 18th NPA conference in maryland USA July 2011.

The solar flare of July 23rd, 2002 was the first γ - ray flare to be observed in high resolution by the Reuven
Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI). The observations showed unexpectedly high
redshifts in the γ - rays detected, but with no ‘apparent pattern’. The shifts appear to be intrinsic as they occur
along a direct line of sight and not perpendicular to the solar surface as expected by Doppler effects. This paper
looks at the wavelengths of the observed photons and, in particular, the shift in each wavelength suffered by
the six nuclear de-excitation lines of 12C, 56Fe, 24Mg, 20Ne, 16O, 26Si. What is found is that the data falls into two
distinct sets. Each set has the shift in wavelength D? directly proportional to the wavelength λ as predicted by
‘New Tired Light (NTL)’. It is proposed that Si and Fe are at a different levels in the solar atmosphere than the
others and so photons from these interactions travel shorter distances through the solar plasma and thus undergo
smaller redshifts. There also appears to be a quantisation in the shifts of the lines with five of the six lines
showing shifts in wavelengths in multiples of 2.0x10-16 m. These results are an anomaly in the mainstream ‘expansion’
theories of redshift but are consistent with the NTL theory. Here, collision cross-sections (and hence
shifts in wavelength) are proportional to the wavelength of the photon and redshifts are caused by discrete
shifts in wavelength when photons interact with electrons in the plasma through which they travel. That is, as
the photons escape the solar plasma they undergo one, two, three, four (and so on) interactions where they experience
a shift in wavelength of 2.0x10^{-16} m each time. Importantly, line widths also provide direct evidence for
NTL which predicts that the line widths should experience a statistical broadening that increases as
N - where N is the number of interactions suffered by the photons. For large shifts in wavelength the data shows a
linear relation between FWHM (Full line Width at Half Maximum) and N as predicted by NTL where mainstream
theories predict no variation. These results are compared to the measurements of the solar flare of October
2003 and are in good agreement..

**Category:** Astrophysics

[16] **viXra:1105.0017 [pdf]**
*submitted on 13 May 2011*

**Authors:** A. Beckwith

**Comments:** 11 pages. Source material for rencontres de blois contribution. Either as poster, if
that is what the author is allowed, or as material for the power point for a talk. 11 pages, four
tables, one figure. Represents how octionic gravity is built upon a foundation of t'Hooft
"deterministic quantum mechanics' , which the author asserts came from a multi verse feed in ,
as an extension of a suggestion the author saw Penrose make in 2007 in the inagural meeting of
the Penn state cosmology center.

Our contention, is that reality is actually analog, but that at a critical limit, as when the Octonian gravity
condition kicks in, that for a time it appears discrete. This due to al phase transition at the start of the big
bang. Our second consideration is, that symmetry breaking models, i.e. the Higgs boson are not necessary
for the formation of particles with mass just before Octonionic gravity, arise in pre Planckian physics
models without a potential. Finally, the necessity of potentials for pre Octonionic gravity physics can be
circumvented via Sherrer k essence physics.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[15] **viXra:1105.0016 [pdf]**
*submitted on 12 May 2011*

**Authors:** Subhajit Ganguly

**Comments:** 10 pages.

Considering transport of light through space-time, following the laws of physical transactions
(viXra:1101.0035) it may be said that there must be a spreading effect on it. Over suitable distances from
a source of light, an observer’s perception is bound to be affected due to this spreading. In the following
paper, these effects on the reception of a signal, due to the spreading of light are studied. Experimental
set-ups are desired to verify the actual angles of spread with their theoretical values. An experiment
regarding the minimum distance between two disturbances for them to be distinguishable is also carried
out. The energy quantum is also studied in a new light.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[14] **viXra:1105.0015 [pdf]**
*submitted on 11 May 2011*

**Authors:** Elemér E Rosinger

**Comments:** 8 pages.

It is mentioned that in physics, much like in everyday life, we are
vitally interested in certain abstract concepts, such as, geometry,
number, time, or for that matter, monetary value. And contrary to usual
views, we can never ever really know what such abstract concepts are.
Instead, all that we may know are specic models of such concepts.
This state of aairs has direct relevance upon the long ongoing
disputes related to time in physics. In particular, the paper indicates the
exaggeration in claims according to which \time as an independent
concept has no place in physics".

**Category:** Classical Physics

[13] **viXra:1105.0014 [pdf]**
*submitted on 11 May 2011*

**Authors:** Stoyan Sarg

**Comments:** 4 pages, Included in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Conference of the Natural
Philosophy Alliance, v. 7, 485-488, 23-26 June, 2010 at California State University, Long Beach,
California

The Basic Structures of Matter - Supergravitation Unified Theory (BSM-SG) is based on an
alternative space concept. The developed models provide a vision for the possible material
structure of the elementary particles and the superfine structure of the physical vacuum
called the Cosmic Lattice (CL). The properties of the CL elementary node and its interaction
with the elementary particles give clues to the connection between gravity and inertia on one
side and the electric and magnetic fields on the other. Mass appears to be not equivalent to
matter but its measurable parameter, so it could be changed by proper modulation of the parameters
of the physical vacuum. BSM-SG predicts an unique gravito-inertial effect which was verified
by experiments and was called Stimulated Anomalous Reaction of Gravity (SARG). It is activated
by a Heterodyne Resonance Method invoking Quantum Mechanical interactions between oscillating
ion-electron pairs and the space-time continuum.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[12] **viXra:1105.0013 [pdf]**
*submitted on 9 May 2011*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 11 pages, submitted to Physics Letters B

A novel (to our knowledge) nonassociative Octonionic ternary gauge
field theory is explicitly constructed based on a ternary-bracket structure
involving the octonion algebra. The ternary bracket was defined earlier
by Yamazaki. The antisymmetric rank-two field strength F_{μν} is defined in
terms of the ternary-bracket (... see paper) involving an auxiliary octonionicvalued
coupling (...) . The ternary bracket cannot be rewritten
in terms of 2-brackets, [A,B,C] ≠ 1/4[[A,B],C]. It is found that gaugeinvariant
matter kinetic terms for an octonionic-valued scalar field can be
introduced in the action if one starts instead with an octonionic-valued
rank-three antisymmetric field strength (...)
permutations, which is defined in terms of an antisymmetric tensor field
of rank two (...) and (...) We conclude with some
preliminary steps towards the construction of generalized ternary gauge
field theories involving both 3-Lie algebras and octonions.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] **viXra:1105.0012 [pdf]**
*submitted on 8 May 2011*

**Authors:** Elemér E Rosinger

**Comments:** 5 pages.

Two highly consequential limitations in ETI studies are brie
y
mentioned.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[10] **viXra:1105.0010 [pdf]**
*submitted on 7 May 2011*

**Authors:** Lyndon Ashmore

**Comments:** 4 pages. Accepted for presentation and publication in the proceedings at the 18th NPA conference in maryland USA

Recent developments in laser induced plasma have shown that the characteristic recombination lines
from atoms within the plasma itself are redshifted. Importantly, the experimental results show that the redshift
of these lines increases with the free electron density of the plasma. Long predicted by exponents of alternative
theories to the Big Bang, these intrinsic redshifts produced by plasma in the laboratory give credence to such
theories. This paper gives an overview of the laboratory results of Chen et al and relates them to the predictions
previously made by the New Tired Light Theory. The plasma induced redshift, line broadening are all as predicted
by New Tired Light. A further laboratory test is suggested whereby New Tired Light predicts the wavelength
of the secondary radiation ( λ = 0.1mm) emitted by the plasma - should New Tired Light be responsible
for the redshifts. If this relatively easy and inexpensive test is carried out then it could settle the matter once and
for all. Regardless of this, now that it has been shown in the laboratory that plasma induce intrinsic redshifts,
will this be incorporated into the Big Bang theory? The Universe is a big place filled with plasma and these
laboratory results show that this plasma induces redshifts. Experience tells me that mainstream science will ignore
good science.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[9] **viXra:1105.0009 [pdf]**
*submitted on 6 May 2011*

**Authors:** Elemér E Rosinger

**Comments:** 18 pages.

It is briefly shown that, due to the growth conditions in their
definition, the Colombeau algebras cannot handle arbitrary Lie groups,
and in particular, cannot allow the formulation, let alone, solution of
Hilbert's Fifth Problem.

**Category:** Algebra

[8] **viXra:1105.0008 [pdf]**
*replaced on 14 Jun 2011*

**Authors:** Jeffrey Bryant Bishop

**Comments:** 42 pages.

I am not currently associated with any institution. My work is a result of private correspondence with Dr. Marie
Louise von Franz, former director of the Jungian Institute in Zurich before her death in 1999. You see a problem
is that a large bulk of the subjects of my studies are not taught in our traditional educational systems. My work
is a result of independent study related to materials, the basis of which lies outside our standard curricula.
The following document addresses the basis of what I had hoped to share and which I have been working on since 1988.
It is shown through a novel method of generation that number corresponds to form as a “becoming continuum”
indicating specific forms apply to the first ten integers and through the process of explication we are required
to consider related issues including dimensionality and growth. The work describes the spatial nature of the
“archetypal” characteristics of the natural integers, and it is concluded that there exists what may be understood
as a “Universal Number Continuum,” which is represented through a pure projective geometry in a fifth dimensional
framework, incorporating one view of a Hypercube or Tesseract and where the basis of the fifth dimension here
corresponds precisely to the characteristics of the nature of the fifth dimension as it is explicated in the
Kaluza-Klein theory of Relativity. The desire being to lend a mathematically sound basis for the fifth dimension
and the qualities it possesses supportive of the Kaluza-Klein theory which is much desired in the scientific
community. Please be aware this was written as a preliminary discussion concerning the proposed publication of
a document which purports to explicate a new theory related to mathematical philosophy and where overwhelming
evidence exists in favor of the proposition, but where remain yet unresolved aspects related to special
dimensionality and complex symmetry seen as relational subjects.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[7] **viXra:1105.0007 [pdf]**
*submitted on 4 May 2011*

**Authors:** Elemér E Rosinger

**Comments:** 9 pages.

It is briefly shown that, due to the growth conditions in their definition,
the Colombeau algebras cannot handle arbitrary analytic nonlinear
PDEs, and in particular, cannot allow the formulation, let alone,
give the proof of the global Cauchy-Kovalevskaia theorem.

**Category:** Algebra

[6] **viXra:1105.0006 [pdf]**
*submitted on 4 May 2011*

**Authors:** Elemér E Rosinger

**Comments:** 20 pages.

As argued earlier elsewhere, what is the Geometric Straight Line, or
in short, the GSL, we shall never know, and instead, we can only deal
with various mathematical models of it. The so called standard model,
given by the usual linearly ordered eld R of real numbers is
essentially based on the ancient Egyptian assumption of the Archimedean
Axiom which has no known reasons to be assumed in modern physics.
Setting aside this axiom, a variety of linearly ordered fields F_{U}
becomes available for the mathematical modelling of the GSL. These
elds, which are larger than R, have a rich self-similar structure due
to the presence of infinitely small and infinitely large numbers. One
of the consequences is the obvious relative and local nature of the
long ongoing local versus nonlocal dichotomy which still keeps having
foundational implications in quantum mechanics.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[5] **viXra:1105.0005 [pdf]**
*submitted on 3 May 2011*

**Authors:** Christoph Caesar

**Comments:** 11 pages.

One of the key questions of elementary particles physics is the mass relation between
leptons and nucleons or quarks. Leptons in many hadron decays and interactions
show a typical energy of 53 MeV. Explicit numbers of these electrons accommodated
in a quark fit the observed mass and charges of quarks and nucleons. The model
further is shown to have exactly and only three different variations for quarks, the
colors.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1105.0004 [pdf]**
*replaced on 20 May 2011*

**Authors:** Sergey V. Ershkov

**Comments:** 6 pages.

Here is presented an estimating range of heights of tsunami which is assumed to attack
the coast after earthquake or something else. The height of tsunami is proved to be not
less than 20 meters. For the reason above, required height of seawall for protection
from Tsunami should be not less than 25 meters.
If tsunami overcome some suddenly rising the line of coast’s profile, such a giant wave
is proved to decrease a velocity, as well as suddenly increase height. It so called gradient
catastrophe in regard to the proper components of tsunami velocity (shock wave).

**Category:** Classical Physics

[3] **viXra:1105.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 1 May 2011*

**Authors:** Christoph Caesar

**Comments:** 18 pages. This article has been submitted to Nature Physics on July 13. 2009.

Using a simple electromagnetic model, the electron is described as circulating
electromagnetic wave with an internal twist as Moebius ribbon. Mathematically, the
Moebius loop is required for the spin 1/2, as the model requires two revolutions to
fulfill one phase. The positive half wave stays on the inside and partly compensates
itself in a way that the negative field of the wave always is on the outside. The ratio
of the field energy responsible for the charge to the total particle rest energy is the
dimensionless figure 1/137, which is the fine structure constant. The model of the
rotating photon does not contradict current models and offers a great simplification
by using a deterministic mind set.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1105.0002 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-09-25 14:42:11*

**Authors:** Pankaj Mani

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Abstract : Short,Simple but Deep meaning behind the proof. No use of Contradiction method .Riemann Hypothesis has to be definitely TRUE using the Physical Invariance Principles underlying the Foundations of Analytic Continuation Proof of Riemann Hypothesis. It will lead to to the future research that Mathematics as a System has its own physical principles lying at the foundation and how compatible it is with Physics !
The established concepts here in my work here will reveal entirely a new aspect about the entire physical envelope of mathematics itself , hence raising a revolutionary question in the minds of all of us that how far mathematics is truly capable of representing/describing different physical phenomenon/scenarios. This paper will change the fundamental way mathematicians have been looking at mathematics so far in history and its extremely mysterious relationship with physics and thus clarify that why it resisted the elementary methods of mathematics in past .
By Pankaj Mani,CQF,FRM (manipankaj9@gmail.com)(@mathstud1),New Delhi,India

**Category:** Number Theory

[1] **viXra:1105.0001 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-06-21 14:00:34*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Massless light is non-local, a-temporal, and a-causal; massive matter is local, temporal, and causal. "c" is a global constant gauging a global spatial metric; "G" is a global constant gauging a local temporal metric.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory