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1105 Submissions

[40] viXra:1105.0043 [pdf] submitted on 31 May 2011

Physics and Religion

Authors: Ir J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 2 pages

When deliberating about the fundaments of physics often the existence of a creator and the relation to religion comes up. This article gives the personal opinion of the author on this subject.
Category: Quantum Physics

[39] viXra:1105.0042 [pdf] replaced on 1 Jun 2011

What is Mass?

Authors: Mark A. Newstead, Stephen C. Newstead
Comments: 5 pages

In this paper we investigate the connection between energy and mass. From this we propose that mass is “generated” when a volume of space contains a sufficient amount of localised energy. We then show how this definition explains various phenomena, for example why mass increases with velocity.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[38] viXra:1105.0041 [pdf] replaced on 1 Jun 2011

Mass of an Electromagnetic Wave

Authors: Mark A. Newstead, Stephen C. Newstead
Comments: 5 pages

In this paper we investigate whether an electromagnetic wave can have mass, whilst also still having a maximum velocity equal to the speed of light. We find that their mass is inversely proportional to their velocity, such that they have no mass when travelling at the speed of light. This proportionality may also help explain the duality of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[37] viXra:1105.0040 [pdf] submitted on 27 May 2011

Time and Entropy

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 8 pages

The intrinsic motions of light and time are metric equivalents; they are the primordial entropy drives of free and bound energy, creating space and history. The dimensions are entropic conservation domains allowing the simultaneous use, transformation, and conservation of free and bound electromagnetic energy. (See: "The Time Train"; see also: "The Paradox of the Traveling Twin".)
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[36] viXra:1105.0039 [pdf] submitted on 25 May 2011

Variation in Dowsing Measurements Due to the Combined Vorticity in the Ecliptic Plane of the Earth’s Orbit Around the Sun, and the Spin of the Earth Around Its Tilted Axis

Authors: Jeffrey S. Keen
Comments: 8 pages, 4 Figures, 1 Table.

Many published papers have proved that dowsing is affected by some local astronomical and physical forces. This paper details the effects on dowsing measurements over a period of one year, due to the changes in vectors caused by the spin of the earth (1) on its tilted axis, and (2) in its elliptical orbit around the sun. Via the use of a standard yardstick, significant turning points in curves representing measurements of length occur at equinoxes and solstices. Vector lengths affected by the radial spin vector pointing towards the sun have maxima and minima at equinoxes. This coincides with maximum vorticity in the radial vector as the earth’s plane of spin passes through the ecliptic plane. Lengths affected by the tangential spin vector in the direction of the earth’s orbit have a minimum during June and July. This is expected as the earth is furthest from the sun at aphelion, and hence at minimum vorticity. Solstices produce perturbations to the main curves.
Category: Mind Science

[35] viXra:1105.0038 [pdf] submitted on 25 May 2011

The Numerical Generalised Least-Squares Estimator of an Unknown Constant Mean of Randon Field

Authors: T Suslo
Comments: 9 pages.

We constraint on computer the best linear unbiased generalized statistics of random field for the best linear unbiased generalized statistics of an unknown constant mean of random field and derive the numerical generalized least-squares estimator of an unknown constant mean of random field. We derive the third constraint of spatial ststistics and show that the classic generalized least-squares estimator of an unknown constant mean of the field is only an asymptotic disjunction of the numerical one.
Category: Statistics

[34] viXra:1105.0037 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-09 13:20:57

Noether's Theorem and Einstein's "Interval"

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 13 Pages. expansion of "resonance" mechanism understanding

Noether's theorem applies generally only to continuous parameters, such as space and time, and only in particular cases to discontinuous parameters, such as charge. Nevertheless, since charge conservation is well established both observationally and experimentally, it is very likely that the theorem applies also in the particular case of charge. If nothing else, this is the hypothesis to be advanced, and we make the case with numerous arguments throughout this and other papers on the website.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[33] viXra:1105.0036 [pdf] submitted on 24 May 2011

The World "Axis of Good" (2005) (Pra-Centenary of Special Relativity)

Authors: V.V. Demjanov
Comments: 4 pages.

This note was written in 2005, just after the hundredth anniversary of special relativity, on the occasion of the following event. A report has appeared in press that “the American space-lab telescope Wmap detected in the Universe a symmetry axis of the angular distribution of the relict background microwave radiation”. It is hard to imagine a “better gift” to the centenary of SRT. Proponents of SRT (which are the most people among scientists) immediately titled this discovery “The Axis of Evil”, since it wrecks their notions that there is no absolute reference frame in the World. Such reference pegs turns out to exist and not only in outer space but in each ordinary Earth’s laboratory. It is this that I inform about the readers of this note, in case if they know nothing about it.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[32] viXra:1105.0035 [pdf] replaced on 27 May 2011

A Note on the Dark Matter

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 3 pages.

The constancy of the rotational velocity curves of the spiral galaxies from large distances from their galactic centers could be due to their geometries in form of arms.
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1105.0034 [pdf] replaced on 2014-02-11 08:37:48

Matter and Mass

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 7 Pages. Published in General Science Journal

Matter is the only substance that can provide objective existence in space and physical reality to an entity. All real entities are made of matter. Due to lack of a reference, we have no measuring scale to determine matter-contents of real objects. Instead one attribute of matter, mass, represents matter-contents of material objects. Mass, used for this purpose, is itself is often bifurcated into inertial mass, gravitational mass, etc. Inertial mass is measure of inertia, a property attributed to 3D matter-bodies. Gravitational mass is derived from magnitude of gravitational attraction, experienced by a macro body. However, importance accorded to mass (in place of matter-content of an object) caused matter to be regarded as an unnecessary entity even for existence of material bodies and encouraged developments of exotic theories and mysterious particles. Devising a logical measurement scale can help restore glory to matter, rightly due to it, as the only substance that can provide existence to all real objects.
Category: Classical Physics

[30] viXra:1105.0033 [pdf] submitted on 23 May 2011

Discussion Needed About Three (New) Cosmological Models Based on Mathematics and Physics

Authors: Dan Visser
Comments: 5 pages

Three new cosmological models are ‘circling’ the science-community: a ‘Bouncing Universe‘, a ‘Conformal Cyclic Cosmology and a ‘Double Torus Cosmology‘. All new ideas, commented anonymously and discussed institutionally. This paper wants more cosmologists and physicists to involve the discussion openly in the media, without walking save roads. The authors and readers are invited to involve this discussion. Which model is true and can the mathematics be matched?
Category: Mathematical Physics

[29] viXra:1105.0031 [pdf] submitted on 22 May 2011

Explanation of The GZK Limit Based on the WSM Model of SRT

Authors: Michael Harney
Comments: 4 pages

Explanation of The GZK Limit Based on the WSM Model of SRT
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28] viXra:1105.0030 [pdf] replaced on 25 May 2011

A Laboratory Experiment for Testing Space-Time Isotropy

Authors: S. Sarg Sargoytchev, B. M. Quine
Comments: 12 pages

We describe a simple experiment to validate the principle of light isotropy. The method is based on measurement of the ratio between refractive indices of two different optical media by using a collimated beam. The method exploits the speed-of-light dependence of light propagating at an angle across optical interfaces. The experiment provides a means to test for light anisotropy with respect to a preferred reference frame, for example, determined from measurements of the Cosmic Microwave Background anisotropy. Presently, the operational management of the GPS system applies corrections indicating the existence of a universal clock. Other researchers have identified evidence of altitude dependence for the speed-of-light and other speed variation effects. These phenomena do not fully comply with the definition of the inertial frame according to Special Relativity. Previous tests of the speed of light may be categorized into one-way or two-way dependency tests. Two-way tests, such as Michelson and Morley’s original experiment average a round trip velocity and, consequently, can only provide limited bounds for some anisotropic effects. One-way tests, such as the experiment described here, measuring the speed of light in a single direction may be designed with significantly increased sensitivity to time-dependent variations in light propagation. They may also be designed to be resilient to clock and wavelength variation errors. Our preliminary results indicate a time-dependent variation of the speed of light that is not correlated with CMB anisotropy but is consistent with anisotropy reported by other investigators. The identification of an absolute or preferred reference frame would provide new experimental evidence that may constrain theories that seek to unify gravity with the other fundamental forces or improve the standard model.
Category: Classical Physics

[27] viXra:1105.0028 [pdf] submitted on 18 May 2011

Planck Mass Plasma Roton Solution of the Cosmological Constant Problem

Authors: F Winterberg
Comments: 9 pages, submitted to Physical Review D, comments and criticisms are welcome

The failure by the large hadron collider to detect supersymmetry and the Higgs particle, suggests to replace supersymmetry with another fundamental symmetry, for example the symmetry of the Planck mass plasma where the vacuum is made up by an equal number of positive and negative Planck mass particles. The Planck mass plasma has for each mass component a phonon-roton spectrum and it can explain the observed small positive cosmological constant. The masses of the elementary particles are here explained by the gravitational field energy of pole-dipole particles, which explain Dirac spinors as composed from gravitationally interacting positive and negative masses.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[26] viXra:1105.0027 [pdf] replaced on 1 Jun 2011

An Effective Temperature for Black Holes

Authors: Christian Corda
Comments: Pages. Journal of High Energy Physics Volume 2011, Number 8, 101

The physical interpretation of black hole's quasinormal modes is fundamental for realizing unitary quantum gravity theory as black holes are considered theoretical laboratories for testing models of such an ultimate theory and their quasinormal modes are natural candidates for an interpretation in terms of quantum levels. The spectrum of black hole's quasinormal modes can be re-analysed by introducing a black hole's effective temperature which takes into account the fact that, as shown by Parikh and Wilczek, the radiation spectrum cannot be strictly thermal. This issue changes in a fundamental way the physical understanding of such a spectrum and enables a re-examination of various results in the literature which realizes important modifies on quantum physics of black holes. In particular, the formula of the horizon's area quantization and the number of quanta of area result modified becoming functions of the quantum "overtone" number n. Consequently, the famous formula of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, its sub-leading corrections and the number of microstates are also modified. Black hole's entropy results a function of the quantum overtone number too. We emphasize that this is the first time that black hole's entropy is directly connected with a quantum number. Previous results in the literature are re-obtained in the limit n → ∞.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[25] viXra:1105.0026 [pdf] submitted on 16 May 2011

Asymptotic Moments of Near Neighbor Distances for the Gaussian Distribution

Authors: Elia Liitiäinen
Comments: 37 pages, Submitted to a journal

We study the moments E[d1,kα] of the k-th nearest neighbor distance for independent identically distributed points in Rn. In the earlier literature, the case α > n has been analyzed by assuming a bounded support for the underlying density. The boundedness assumption is removed by assuming the multivariate Gaussian distribution. In this case, the nearest neighbor distances show very different behavior in comparison to earlier results. In the unbounded case, it is shown that E[d1,kα] is asymptotically proportional to M-1 logn-1-α/2M instead of M-α/n as in the previous literature.
Category: Statistics

[24] viXra:1105.0025 [pdf] submitted on 16 May 2011

Proteins and Genes, Singletons and Species

Authors: Branko Kozulic
Comments: 41 pages

Recent experimental data from proteomics and genomics are interpreted here in ways that challenge the predominant viewpoint in biology according to which the four evolutionary processes, including mutation, recombination, natural selection and genetic drift, are sufficient to explain the origination of species. The predominant viewpoint appears incompatible with the finding that the sequenced genome of each species contains hundreds, or even thousands, of unique genes - the genes that are not shared with any other species. These unique genes and proteins, singletons, define the very character of every species. Moreover, the distribution of protein families from the sequenced genomes indicates that the complexity of genomes grows in a manner different from that of self-organizing networks: the dominance of singletons leads to the conclusion that in living organisms a most unlikely phenomenon can be the most common one. In order to provide proper rationale for these conclusions related to the singletons, the paper first treats the frequency of functional proteins among random sequences, followed by a discussion on the protein structure space, and it ends by questioning the idea that protein domains represent conserved units of evolution.
Category: Biochemistry

[23] viXra:1105.0024 [pdf] submitted on 16 May 2011

A Note on the Gravity Screening in Quantum Systems

Authors: Andrea Gregori
Comments: 17 pages

We discuss how, in the theoretical scenario presented in [1], the gravity screening and the gravity impulse which seem to be produced under certain conditions by high temperature superconductors are expected to be an entropic response to the ow of part of the system into a deeper quantum regime.
Category: Quantum Physics

[22] viXra:1105.0023 [pdf] submitted on 15 May 2011

A New Physics with a Different Vision About the Universe and Our Origin

Authors: Stoyan Sarg
Comments: 8 pages, Report at the Fifteen Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Human Ideas on Ultimate Reality and Meaning, Toronto, August 5-8, 2009

Despite the achievements in different fields of natural science we are far from understanding our origin. The advancement in this field could not be successful if our vision about the Universe based on the adopted concept of space is wrong. The present model of expanding Universe relies on a concept of space adopted at the beginning of past century. Presently, some experiments and a large number of accumulated observations indicate that the adopted concept of space is not correct. This not only causes problems in Theoretical Physics, but is also responsible for the missing connections between Physics, Philosophy and Religion. Physics based on a new space concept provides a promising expectation for solving these problems while putting a new light about our origin.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[21] viXra:1105.0022 [pdf] replaced on 2013-05-13 17:01:06

Hard Theoretical Evidence for the Dark Energy Force Formula in a Double Torus Universe.

Authors: Dan Visser
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper shows how my ‘dark energy force formula’ emerges five more space- and two more time-dimensions in nature. The ‘formula’ is earlier described in vixra-papers, announcing the universe is a Double Torus of dark energy and dark matter. The ‘formula’ represents a completely different force than the cosmological constant of Einstein, which is used to explain the accelerated expansion in Big Bang cosmology. With this in mind, two independent experimental investigations have given additional proof for my ‘dark energy force formula’, as follows: 1) The ratio of five extra space-dimensions and two extra time dimensions represent the up- and down electron-spin, behaving in a ‘chessboard-structure’ and associated with grapheme-experiments. 2) A computer-simulation shows a Double Torus, artificially emerging from two colliding black-holes. These results match with my hypothesis that the universe indeed is a Double Torus of dark energy and dark matter, because my (new) ’dark energy force formula‘ matches these two investigations. This (new) force could therefore have a link to topological insulators to guide light without scattering in quantum-computers.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[20] viXra:1105.0021 [pdf] replaced on 20 Jun 2011

Ternary Octonionic Gauge Field Theories

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 17 pages, submitted to the Int. J. Mod. Phys. A

A ternary gauge field theory is explicitly constructed based on a totally antisymmetric ternary-bracket structure associated with a 3-Lie algebra. It is shown that the ternary infinitesimal gauge transformations do obey the key closure relations [δ1, δ2] = δ3. Invariant actions for the 3-Lie algebra-valued gauge fields and scalar fields are displayed. We analyze and point out the difficulties in formulating a nonassociative Octonionic ternary gauge field theory based on a ternary-bracket associated with the octonion algebra and defined earlier by Yamazaki. It is shown that a Yang-Mills-like quadratic action is invariant under global (rigid) transformations involving the Yamazaki ternary octonionic bracket, and that there is closure of these global (rigid) transformations based on constant antisymmetric parameters Λab = -Λba. Promoting the latter parameters to spacetime dependent ones Λab(xμ) allows to build an octonionic ternary gauge field theory when one imposes gauge covariant constraints on the latter gauge parameters leading to field-dependent gauge parameters and nonlinear gauge transformations. In this fashion one does not spoil the gauge invariance of the quadratic action under this restricted set of gauge transformations and which are tantamount to spacetime-dependent scalings (homothecy) of the gauge fields.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[19] viXra:1105.0020 [pdf] submitted on 14 May 2011

Compactly Reproducing the Fine Structure Constant Inverse and the Muon-, Neutron-, and Proton-Electron Mass Ratios

Authors: J. S. Markovitch
Comments: 2 pages.

Compact equations are introduced that reproduce the ne structure constant inverse and the muon-, neutron-, and proton-electron mass ratios near their experimental limits.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[18] viXra:1105.0019 [pdf] submitted on 14 May 2011

Why Obviously Non-Zero Shift of Interference Fringes is Interpreted Again as Confirming Negative Outcome of Experiments on Michelson Type Interferometers

Authors: Demjanov V.V.
Comments: 18 pages.

In the present report I analyze interesting experimental results of laboratory measurements of the speed of aether wind recently (2009) obtained by Dutch researcher V.Haan at Michelson-type interferometer based on fiber optic waveguides transmitting the light with wavelength ~1 μm. Because of a wrong interpretation of his measurements, those proposed at days of Miller (1933) and Shamir&Fox (1968), V.Haan, proceeding from a reliably measured shift of the interference fringe registered by modern phasometric electronics, 40 times underestimated the speed of aether wind (7 km/s), i.e. obtained the same estimations as was earlier reported by Michelson, Miller, Shamir&Foxs and others who also incorrectly interpreted their data. Now I critically discuss the errors of interpretation of the experiment by V.Haan. I show that really he measured the speed of aether wind several hundred km/s. Some proposals are made of modernization of the construction of fiber optics interferometer capable to raise about 5 times the ratio signal/noise in the device. Thus the resolution by the phase shift can be obtained not less than 0.005 of the fringe width.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[17] viXra:1105.0018 [pdf] submitted on 13 May 2011

Gamma-Ray Lines of X-Class Solar Flare of July 23rd, 2002 Provide Direct Evidence for New Tired Light

Authors: Lyndon Ashmore
Comments: 11 pages. Paper accepted for the 18th NPA conference in maryland USA July 2011.

The solar flare of July 23rd, 2002 was the first γ - ray flare to be observed in high resolution by the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI). The observations showed unexpectedly high redshifts in the γ - rays detected, but with no ‘apparent pattern’. The shifts appear to be intrinsic as they occur along a direct line of sight and not perpendicular to the solar surface as expected by Doppler effects. This paper looks at the wavelengths of the observed photons and, in particular, the shift in each wavelength suffered by the six nuclear de-excitation lines of 12C, 56Fe, 24Mg, 20Ne, 16O, 26Si. What is found is that the data falls into two distinct sets. Each set has the shift in wavelength D? directly proportional to the wavelength λ as predicted by ‘New Tired Light (NTL)’. It is proposed that Si and Fe are at a different levels in the solar atmosphere than the others and so photons from these interactions travel shorter distances through the solar plasma and thus undergo smaller redshifts. There also appears to be a quantisation in the shifts of the lines with five of the six lines showing shifts in wavelengths in multiples of 2.0x10-16 m. These results are an anomaly in the mainstream ‘expansion’ theories of redshift but are consistent with the NTL theory. Here, collision cross-sections (and hence shifts in wavelength) are proportional to the wavelength of the photon and redshifts are caused by discrete shifts in wavelength when photons interact with electrons in the plasma through which they travel. That is, as the photons escape the solar plasma they undergo one, two, three, four (and so on) interactions where they experience a shift in wavelength of 2.0x10-16 m each time. Importantly, line widths also provide direct evidence for NTL which predicts that the line widths should experience a statistical broadening that increases as N - where N is the number of interactions suffered by the photons. For large shifts in wavelength the data shows a linear relation between FWHM (Full line Width at Half Maximum) and N as predicted by NTL where mainstream theories predict no variation. These results are compared to the measurements of the solar flare of October 2003 and are in good agreement..
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1105.0017 [pdf] submitted on 13 May 2011

Is Nature Continuous or Discrete, and How Can These Two Conceptions be Reconciled?

Authors: A. Beckwith
Comments: 11 pages. Source material for rencontres de blois contribution. Either as poster, if that is what the author is allowed, or as material for the power point for a talk. 11 pages, four tables, one figure. Represents how octionic gravity is built upon a foundation of t'Hooft "deterministic quantum mechanics' , which the author asserts came from a multi verse feed in , as an extension of a suggestion the author saw Penrose make in 2007 in the inagural meeting of the Penn state cosmology center.

Our contention, is that reality is actually analog, but that at a critical limit, as when the Octonian gravity condition kicks in, that for a time it appears discrete. This due to al phase transition at the start of the big bang. Our second consideration is, that symmetry breaking models, i.e. the Higgs boson are not necessary for the formation of particles with mass just before Octonionic gravity, arise in pre Planckian physics models without a potential. Finally, the necessity of potentials for pre Octonionic gravity physics can be circumvented via Sherrer k essence physics.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[15] viXra:1105.0016 [pdf] submitted on 12 May 2011

A Few Implications of the Laws of Transactions, from the Abstraction Theory.

Authors: Subhajit Ganguly
Comments: 10 pages.

Considering transport of light through space-time, following the laws of physical transactions (viXra:1101.0035) it may be said that there must be a spreading effect on it. Over suitable distances from a source of light, an observer’s perception is bound to be affected due to this spreading. In the following paper, these effects on the reception of a signal, due to the spreading of light are studied. Experimental set-ups are desired to verify the actual angles of spread with their theoretical values. An experiment regarding the minimum distance between two disturbances for them to be distinguishable is also carried out. The energy quantum is also studied in a new light.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[14] viXra:1105.0015 [pdf] submitted on 11 May 2011

On Time :Trying to go Beyond Endless Confusions ... Comment on the Paper Arxiv:0903.3489

Authors: Elemér E Rosinger
Comments: 8 pages.

It is mentioned that in physics, much like in everyday life, we are vitally interested in certain abstract concepts, such as, geometry, number, time, or for that matter, monetary value. And contrary to usual views, we can never ever really know what such abstract concepts are. Instead, all that we may know are speci c models of such concepts. This state of a airs has direct relevance upon the long ongoing disputes related to time in physics. In particular, the paper indicates the exaggeration in claims according to which \time as an independent concept has no place in physics".
Category: Classical Physics

[13] viXra:1105.0014 [pdf] submitted on 11 May 2011

Theoretical and Experimental Research on Field Propulsion Using the Developments of the BSM-Supergravitation Unified Theory

Authors: Stoyan Sarg
Comments: 4 pages, Included in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Conference of the Natural Philosophy Alliance, v. 7, 485-488, 23-26 June, 2010 at California State University, Long Beach, California

The Basic Structures of Matter - Supergravitation Unified Theory (BSM-SG) is based on an alternative space concept. The developed models provide a vision for the possible material structure of the elementary particles and the superfine structure of the physical vacuum called the Cosmic Lattice (CL). The properties of the CL elementary node and its interaction with the elementary particles give clues to the connection between gravity and inertia on one side and the electric and magnetic fields on the other. Mass appears to be not equivalent to matter but its measurable parameter, so it could be changed by proper modulation of the parameters of the physical vacuum. BSM-SG predicts an unique gravito-inertial effect which was verified by experiments and was called Stimulated Anomalous Reaction of Gravity (SARG). It is activated by a Heterodyne Resonance Method invoking Quantum Mechanical interactions between oscillating ion-electron pairs and the space-time continuum.
Category: Classical Physics

[12] viXra:1105.0013 [pdf] submitted on 9 May 2011

On Octonionic Nonassociative Ternary Gauge Field Theories

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 11 pages, submitted to Physics Letters B

A novel (to our knowledge) nonassociative Octonionic ternary gauge field theory is explicitly constructed based on a ternary-bracket structure involving the octonion algebra. The ternary bracket was defined earlier by Yamazaki. The antisymmetric rank-two field strength Fμν is defined in terms of the ternary-bracket (... see paper) involving an auxiliary octonionicvalued coupling (...) . The ternary bracket cannot be rewritten in terms of 2-brackets, [A,B,C] ≠ 1/4[[A,B],C]. It is found that gaugeinvariant matter kinetic terms for an octonionic-valued scalar field can be introduced in the action if one starts instead with an octonionic-valued rank-three antisymmetric field strength (...) permutations, which is defined in terms of an antisymmetric tensor field of rank two (...) and (...) We conclude with some preliminary steps towards the construction of generalized ternary gauge field theories involving both 3-Lie algebras and octonions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:1105.0012 [pdf] submitted on 8 May 2011

Comment on the Recent ETI Paper Arxiv:1104.4462

Authors: Elemér E Rosinger
Comments: 5 pages.

Two highly consequential limitations in ETI studies are brie y mentioned.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1105.0010 [pdf] submitted on 7 May 2011

Intrinsic Plasma Redshifts Now Reproduced In The Laboratory – a Discussion in Terms of New Tired Light.

Authors: Lyndon Ashmore
Comments: 4 pages. Accepted for presentation and publication in the proceedings at the 18th NPA conference in maryland USA

Recent developments in laser induced plasma have shown that the characteristic recombination lines from atoms within the plasma itself are redshifted. Importantly, the experimental results show that the redshift of these lines increases with the free electron density of the plasma. Long predicted by exponents of alternative theories to the Big Bang, these intrinsic redshifts produced by plasma in the laboratory give credence to such theories. This paper gives an overview of the laboratory results of Chen et al and relates them to the predictions previously made by the New Tired Light Theory. The plasma induced redshift, line broadening are all as predicted by New Tired Light. A further laboratory test is suggested whereby New Tired Light predicts the wavelength of the secondary radiation ( λ = 0.1mm) emitted by the plasma - should New Tired Light be responsible for the redshifts. If this relatively easy and inexpensive test is carried out then it could settle the matter once and for all. Regardless of this, now that it has been shown in the laboratory that plasma induce intrinsic redshifts, will this be incorporated into the Big Bang theory? The Universe is a big place filled with plasma and these laboratory results show that this plasma induces redshifts. Experience tells me that mainstream science will ignore good science.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1105.0009 [pdf] submitted on 6 May 2011

Why the Colombeau Algebras Cannot Handle Arbitrary Lie Groups ?

Authors: Elemér E Rosinger
Comments: 18 pages.

It is briefly shown that, due to the growth conditions in their definition, the Colombeau algebras cannot handle arbitrary Lie groups, and in particular, cannot allow the formulation, let alone, solution of Hilbert's Fifth Problem.
Category: Algebra

[8] viXra:1105.0008 [pdf] replaced on 14 Jun 2011

Reflections on the Structure of the Universal Number Continuum

Authors: Jeffrey Bryant Bishop
Comments: 42 pages.

I am not currently associated with any institution. My work is a result of private correspondence with Dr. Marie Louise von Franz, former director of the Jungian Institute in Zurich before her death in 1999. You see a problem is that a large bulk of the subjects of my studies are not taught in our traditional educational systems. My work is a result of independent study related to materials, the basis of which lies outside our standard curricula. The following document addresses the basis of what I had hoped to share and which I have been working on since 1988. It is shown through a novel method of generation that number corresponds to form as a “becoming continuum” indicating specific forms apply to the first ten integers and through the process of explication we are required to consider related issues including dimensionality and growth. The work describes the spatial nature of the “archetypal” characteristics of the natural integers, and it is concluded that there exists what may be understood as a “Universal Number Continuum,” which is represented through a pure projective geometry in a fifth dimensional framework, incorporating one view of a Hypercube or Tesseract and where the basis of the fifth dimension here corresponds precisely to the characteristics of the nature of the fifth dimension as it is explicated in the Kaluza-Klein theory of Relativity. The desire being to lend a mathematically sound basis for the fifth dimension and the qualities it possesses supportive of the Kaluza-Klein theory which is much desired in the scientific community. Please be aware this was written as a preliminary discussion concerning the proposed publication of a document which purports to explicate a new theory related to mathematical philosophy and where overwhelming evidence exists in favor of the proposition, but where remain yet unresolved aspects related to special dimensionality and complex symmetry seen as relational subjects.
Category: General Mathematics

[7] viXra:1105.0007 [pdf] submitted on 4 May 2011

Why the Colombeau Algebras Cannot Formulate, Let Alone Prove the Global Cauchy-Kovalevskaia Theorem ?

Authors: Elemér E Rosinger
Comments: 9 pages.

It is briefly shown that, due to the growth conditions in their definition, the Colombeau algebras cannot handle arbitrary analytic nonlinear PDEs, and in particular, cannot allow the formulation, let alone, give the proof of the global Cauchy-Kovalevskaia theorem.
Category: Algebra

[6] viXra:1105.0006 [pdf] submitted on 4 May 2011

The Local-Nonlocal Dichotomy Is but a Relative and Local View Point

Authors: Elemér E Rosinger
Comments: 20 pages.

As argued earlier elsewhere, what is the Geometric Straight Line, or in short, the GSL, we shall never know, and instead, we can only deal with various mathematical models of it. The so called standard model, given by the usual linearly ordered eld R of real numbers is essentially based on the ancient Egyptian assumption of the Archimedean Axiom which has no known reasons to be assumed in modern physics. Setting aside this axiom, a variety of linearly ordered fields FU becomes available for the mathematical modelling of the GSL. These elds, which are larger than R, have a rich self-similar structure due to the presence of infinitely small and infinitely large numbers. One of the consequences is the obvious relative and local nature of the long ongoing local versus nonlocal dichotomy which still keeps having foundational implications in quantum mechanics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[5] viXra:1105.0005 [pdf] submitted on 3 May 2011

Correlation of Nucleon Mass with Lepton Mass

Authors: Christoph Caesar
Comments: 11 pages.

One of the key questions of elementary particles physics is the mass relation between leptons and nucleons or quarks. Leptons in many hadron decays and interactions show a typical energy of 53 MeV. Explicit numbers of these electrons accommodated in a quark fit the observed mass and charges of quarks and nucleons. The model further is shown to have exactly and only three different variations for quarks, the colors.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[4] viXra:1105.0004 [pdf] replaced on 20 May 2011

Estimation of the Required Height of Seawall for Protection from Tsunami

Authors: Sergey V. Ershkov
Comments: 6 pages.

Here is presented an estimating range of heights of tsunami which is assumed to attack the coast after earthquake or something else. The height of tsunami is proved to be not less than 20 meters. For the reason above, required height of seawall for protection from Tsunami should be not less than 25 meters. If tsunami overcome some suddenly rising the line of coast’s profile, such a giant wave is proved to decrease a velocity, as well as suddenly increase height. It so called gradient catastrophe in regard to the proper components of tsunami velocity (shock wave).
Category: Classical Physics

[3] viXra:1105.0003 [pdf] submitted on 1 May 2011

Model for Understanding the Substructure of the Electron

Authors: Christoph Caesar
Comments: 18 pages. This article has been submitted to Nature Physics on July 13. 2009.

Using a simple electromagnetic model, the electron is described as circulating electromagnetic wave with an internal twist as Moebius ribbon. Mathematically, the Moebius loop is required for the spin 1/2, as the model requires two revolutions to fulfill one phase. The positive half wave stays on the inside and partly compensates itself in a way that the negative field of the wave always is on the outside. The ratio of the field energy responsible for the charge to the total particle rest energy is the dimensionless figure 1/137, which is the fine structure constant. The model of the rotating photon does not contradict current models and offers a great simplification by using a deterministic mind set.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[2] viXra:1105.0002 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-25 14:42:11

Shrt,simple But Profoundly Deep Proof on Riemann Hypothesis Has to be True Using Principles of Invariancy Underlying Analytic Continuation of Riemann Zeta Function.

Authors: Pankaj Mani
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract : Short,Simple but Deep meaning behind the proof. No use of Contradiction method .Riemann Hypothesis has to be definitely TRUE using the Physical Invariance Principles underlying the Foundations of Analytic Continuation Proof of Riemann Hypothesis. It will lead to to the future research that Mathematics as a System has its own physical principles lying at the foundation and how compatible it is with Physics ! The established concepts here in my work here will reveal entirely a new aspect about the entire physical envelope of mathematics itself , hence raising a revolutionary question in the minds of all of us that how far mathematics is truly capable of representing/describing different physical phenomenon/scenarios. This paper will change the fundamental way mathematicians have been looking at mathematics so far in history and its extremely mysterious relationship with physics and thus clarify that why it resisted the elementary methods of mathematics in past . By Pankaj Mani,CQF,FRM (,New Delhi,India
Category: Number Theory

[1] viXra:1105.0001 [pdf] replaced on 2014-06-21 14:00:34

Global and Local Gauge Symmetries: Gravitation, Section B

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 7 Pages.

Massless light is non-local, a-temporal, and a-causal; massive matter is local, temporal, and causal. "c" is a global constant gauging a global spatial metric; "G" is a global constant gauging a local temporal metric.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory