[12] **viXra:0807.0012 [pdf]**
*submitted on 18 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** E.P.J. de Haas

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

A theory of gravity based on quantum clocks and moving space is
proposed. The theory is based on the hypothesis of the quantum clock equivalence
principle (QCEP): it is impossible for a locally isolated observer to distinguish between
a red-shift in a moving inertial frame of reference and a red-shift in a reference frame
that is at rest in a field of gravity, if the red-shift is all the information he has. This
allows us to formulate a time-dilatation measurement based definition of the speed of
space in a gravity field. The QCEP is then used to predict the frequency shift of a
quantum clock at rest in a g-field, moving in a closed circular orbit and in free fall.
The cosmological and quantum gravitational possibilities of the QCEP hypothesis are
shortly mentioned.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[11] **viXra:0807.0011 [pdf]**
*submitted on 18 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** E.P.J. de Haas

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

In this paper we show how relativistic tensor dynamics
and relativistic electrodynamics can be formulated in a
bi-quaternion tensor language. The treatment is restricted
to mathematical physics, known facts as the Lorentz Force
Law and the Lagrange Equation are presented in a
relatively new formalism. The goal is to fuse anti-symmetric
tensor dynamics, as used for example in relativistic
electrodynamics, and symmetric tensor dynamics, as used for
example in introductions to general relativity, into one single
formalism: a specific kind of biquaternion tensor calculus.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[10] **viXra:0807.0010 [pdf]**
*submitted on 17 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** Friedrich W. Hehl

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

M.W. Evans tried to relate the electromagnetic field strength to the torsion of a
Riemann-Cartan spacetime. We show that this ansatz is untenable for at least two
reasons: (i) Geometry: Torsion is related to the (external) translation group and
cannot be linked to an internal group, like the U(1) group of electrodynamics. (ii)
Electrodynamics: The electromagnetic field strength as a 2-form carries 6 independent
components, whereas Evans' electromagnetic construct F^{α} is a vector-valued
2-form with 24 independent components. This doesn't match. One of these reasons
is already enough to disprove the ansatz of Evans.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[9] **viXra:0807.0009 [pdf]**
*submitted on 13 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** Roger Ellman

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

The ancient philosophers attempted to address science issues by reasoning conducted
largely without experimentation.
Scientists from Galileo onward developed "The Scientific Method", the procedure of:
observations - hypothesis - experiments iterated with adjustments each iteration until a
satisfactory result obtained. They also criticized the ancient philosophers for the defect of their
neglect of experimentation, and rightly so.
But "The Scientific Method" of modern science has its own defect, one just as severe and
damaging as that of the ancients: modern science too often neglects mechanism or causation. It
accepts explanations and hypotheses on the basis of experiments and predictions without treating
the problem of how and why the experimental or predicted behavior occurs.
Non-attending to mechanism and causation sometimes leads to seriously proposing a
hypothesis that is actually physically impossible.

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics

[8] **viXra:0807.0008 [pdf]**
*submitted on 13 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** Roger Ellman

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

The atom's orbital electron structure in terms of quantum numbers (principal, azimuthal, magnetic and spin)
results in space for a maximum of: 2 electrons in the n=1 orbit, 8 electrons in the n=2 orbit, 18 electrons
in the n=3 orbit, and so on. Those dispositions are correct, but that is not because of quantum numbers nor
angular momentum nor a "Pauli exclusion principle".
Matter waves were discovered in the early 20th century from their wavelength, which was predicted by
DeBroglie to be, Planck's constant divided by the particle's momentum, λ_{mw} = h/m.v . But, the failure to
obtain a reasonable theory for the matter wave frequency resulted in loss of interest. That problem is
resolved in "A Reconsideration of Matter Waves" 2 in which a reinterpretation of Einstein's derivation
of relativistic kinetic energy [which produced his famous E = m.c^{2}] leads to a valid matter wave frequency
and a new understanding of particle kinetics and the atom's stable orbits.
It is analytically shown that the orbital electron arrangement is enforced by the necessity of accommodating
the space that each orbiting electron's matter wave occupies.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[7] **viXra:0807.0007 [pdf]**
*submitted on 13 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** Roger Ellman

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

The mass equivalency m.c^{2} = h.f applies to gravitational mass just as to inertial
mass. From that, the gravitational mass has a corresponding, associated, equivalent
frequency, f. Using that frequency a new result is obtained in which the significance of
the Planck Length, l_{Pl}, is clarified. The Planck Length is fundamental to gravitation and
in effect supercedes G in that role because it is found that there is operational or
mechanical significance to the role of the Planck Length in gravitation whereas G is
simply a constant of proportionality.
It further is shown that the Planck Length [and, likely the Planck mass and the
Planck time] are slightly mis-defined by the use of h-bar [ h/2π ] rather than simply
Planck's constant, h.
Theoretical implications of these results are presented. In addition, the
applicability of using the frequency aspect of mass in the analysis of gravitation, and the
nature of the results obtained, would appear to imply a considerably greater significance
for the frequency, that is the wave, aspect of mass, matter, and particles in general than
has been heretofore recognized.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:0807.0006 [pdf]**
*submitted on 13 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** Roger Ellman

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

Fundamental theory underlying the cosmic inflation hypothesis and its relation to
fundamental theory on the beginning of the universe.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[5] **viXra:0807.0005 [pdf]**
*submitted on 13 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** Roger Ellman

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

Every even number greater than two can be expressed as the sum of two primes.

**Category:** Number Theory

[4] **viXra:0807.0004 [pdf]**
*submitted on 13 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** Roger Ellman

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

In March 2008 anomalous behavior in spacecraft flybys of Earth was reported in Physical
Review Letters, Volume 100, Issue 9, March 7, 2008, in an article entitled "Anomalous
Orbital-Energy Changes Observed during Spacecraft Flybys of Earth".
The data indicate unaccounted for changes in spacecraft speed, both increases and
decreases, for six different spacecraft involved in Earth flybys from December 8, 1990 to August
2, 2005. The article states that, "All ... potential sources of systematic error .... [have been]
modeled. None can account for the observed anomalies.... Like the Pioneer anomaly ... the
Earth flybys anomaly is a real effect .... Its source is unknown."
In this article it is shown that the Earth flybys anomaly is caused by a very small centrally
directed acceleration, [in addition to that of natural gravitation], the same effect as that which
produces the Pioneer anomaly. How that effect operates to produce the observed results is
analyzed. A common cause of the centrally directed accelerations is presented.

**Category:** Astrophysics

[3] **viXra:0807.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 12 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** Brian D. Josephson

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

Lecture given at the
Nobel Laureates' meeting
Lindau, June 30th., 2004

**Category:** Mind Science

[2] **viXra:0807.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 5 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** V. Christianto

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

In recent years there are some authors suggesting that the origin of dark energy, quintessence etc.
can be related to Van der Waals force-type interaction at cosmic scale. [1][2][3] Interestingly, in
this regards, this proposition also reminds us to Prof. Castro-Granik's idea sometime ago that if we
indeed live in the Cantorian spacetime Universe [5], then the effect would be as if the Universe
resembles a large Bose-Einstein condensate.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:0807.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 4 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** Reginald T. Cahill

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

For some 100 years physics has modelled space and time via the spacetime
concept, with space being merely an observer dependent perspective
effect of that spacetime - space itself had no observer independent existence
- it had no ontological status, and it certainly had no dynamical
description. In recent years this has all changed. In 2002 it was discovered
that a dynamical 3-space had been detected many times, including
the Michelson-Morley 1887 light-speed anisotropy experiment. Here we
review the dynamics of this 3-space, tracing its evolution from that of
an emergent phenomena in the information-theoretic Process Physics to
the phenomenological description in terms of a velocity field describing
the relative internal motion of the structured 3-space. The new physics
of the dynamical 3-space is extensively tested against experimental and
astronomical observations, including the necessary generalisation of the
Maxwell, Schrödinger and Dirac equations, leading to a derivation and
explanation of gravity as a refraction effect of the quantum matter waves.
Phenomena now explainable include the bore hole anomaly, the systematics
of black hole masses, the flat rotation curves of spiral galaxies,
gravitational light bending and lensing, and the supernova and
Gamma-Ray Bursts magnitude-redshift data, for the dynamical 3-space possesses
a Hubble expanding 3-space solution. Most importantly none of these
phenomena now require dark matter nor dark energy. The flat and
curved spacetime formalism is derived from the new physics, so explaining
the apparent many successes of those formalisms, but which have
now proven to be ontologically and experimentally flawed.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory