[4] **viXra:0801.0004 [pdf]**
*submitted on 23 Jan 2008*

**Authors:** Stephen Burns Kessler

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

Uncertainty over dark energy, missing mass, anomalous acceleration and
cosmological problems, call into question our understanding of universal
structure. Accordingly, these concerns are investigated resulting in a heuristic
theory. To accomplish the task, incompleteness of mathematics to facilitate
quantum mechanical causality is accepted as foundational, setting aside spatial
dimensions in the process. Dimensionality becomes a universal logic structure
across an arrow of entropy from highly ordered absolute information RealTime
into low ordered uncertainty of quantum information ideal time. A twenty-six
dimensional "degrees of freedom to entanglement" entropy construct arises from
first-order absolute information. Planckian causality, a cause for Planck space,
results with boundary conditions into and out from the Hamiltonian. The
information structure fundamental to Planck space is realized as the same
structure that defines cosmological universal space and time. This "information
monopole" is a bifurcating structure that facilitates matter definition, constants,
energy, gravity, acceleration and SpaceTime. Fundamental information set logic
is foundationally applied to quantum mechanics, relativity and classical physics.
Information set analysis of all universal structures is maintained throughout
resulting in proposed solutions to cosmological problems. The same universal
structural percentages verified in the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropic Probe,
WMAP data, are emergent across the absolute information monopole.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[3] **viXra:0801.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 27 Jan 2008*

**Authors:** Hu Chang-Wei

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

The relativity theory and quantum theory mark an epoch in physics. But they are
always to give person a kind of unnatural and indistinct feel. Generally, it is considered that the
world is just so originally; while we consider that it is caused by the quantitative effects, which is
the variability of actual quantitative standards, it makes the invariable into the variable and
makes the variable into the invariable. The relativistic effects are a kind of quantitative effect,
while the quantum is the reflection of the quantitative effects of relativity theory in microscopic
system.

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[2] **viXra:0801.0002 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-07-21 10:20:38*

**Authors:** J. M. Kerr

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The ‘curvature component’ is 2/3 of the geodetic effect. This part of the angle through which an
orbiting gyroscope moves is thought to be due to space curvature, as in general relativity (GR).
There are different interpretations for the other 1/3, some of which apply whether space is curved or flat. Here it is shown that the curvature component 2/3 can alternatively be derived from flat space, if one simply assumes that matter near a mass is slowed by (1 - (2GM/rc^2))^1/2. In Planck scale gravity (PSG), a theory that closely mimics GR, for an orbiting spherical object minor corrections are made to local speeds within the object, at different heights in the field. This leads to a slight turning of the object as it orbits. The result can be generalised as an equation for a single orbit around any spherical mass, which gives the same numbers as GR to many decimal places, but is mathematically different. In the case of one of the gyroscopes on Gravity Probe B, it gives an angle change in the plane of the orbit, in the same direction as the geodetic precession, of 4.4 arcsecs/yr. That is 2/3 of the total geodetic effect, the value of the curvature component. The GR geodetic effect and this equivalent effect are at present indistinguishable by experiment, but PSG can be tested in other ways, such as by interferometer experiments [4].

**Category:** Relativity and Cosmology

[1] **viXra:0801.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 14 Jan 2008*

**Authors:** Michael Snyder, Jonathan Frederick

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

Understanding magnetic fields is important to facilitate
magnetic applications in diverse fields in industry,
commerce, and space exploration to name a few. Large
electromagnets can move heavy loads of metal. Magnetic
materials attached to credit cards allow for fast, accurate
business transactions. And the Earth's magnetic field gives
us the colorful auroras observed near the north and south
poles.
Magnetic fields are not visible, and therefore often hard to
understand or characterize. This investigation describes
and demonstrates a novel technique for the visualization of
magnetic fields. Two ferrofluid Hele-Shaw cells have been
used to facilitate the imaging of magnetic field lines
[1,2,3,4]. We deduce that magnetically induced photonic
band gap arrays similar to electrostatic liquid crystal
operation are responsible for the photographed images and
seek to mathematically prove the images are of exact dipole
nature. We also note by comparison that our photographs
are very similar to solar magnetic Heliosphere
photographs.

**Category:** Classical Physics