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1911 Submissions

[269] viXra:1911.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 08:33:32

Graphene Softer if You Bend

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

To make the bent graphene, Yu fabricated individual atomic layers of hexagonal boron nitride, another 2-D material, into atomic-scale steps, then stamped the graphene over the top. [48] "The junctions were reproducible over several devices and operated from 20 Kelvin up to room temperature. Our approach represents a simple but powerful strategy for the future integration of molecule-based functions into stable and controllable nanoelectronic devices." [47] The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[268] viXra:1911.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 10:17:04

Better Candidate for Chemotherapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

When the red blood cells make their tight squeeze through the lung's tiny capillaries, the nanoparticles are sheared off and taken up by lung cells with tenfold greater success than free-floating nanoparticles, and dramatically improved the survival of mice with lung cancer metastasis. [25] But a new ultrasonic method proposed by biomedical engineers from Qifa Zhou's team at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles could enable acoustic control and real-time tracking of drug release within the body. [24] A Rutgers-led team has created better biosensor technology that may help lead to safe stem cell therapies for treating Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and other neurological disorders. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[267] viXra:1911.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 10:27:13

Mass of the W Boson as Threshold Energy in Electroweak Interactions

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The W and Z bosons are the normal particles that masses follow from weak interactions of pions and leptons. In reality, the weak interactions are defined by the scalar condensates in centres of fermions. Here we show that to produce the scalar condensate in centre of the baryons, involved energy must be equal to or higher than mass of the W boson.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[266] viXra:1911.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 16:36:39

Theory of God's Creation

Authors: Christopher L A Smith
Comments: 5 Pages. theory of everything would like it well handled

Pyramids they are everything’s particle constituent as I explain you will get to know the basic structure of the universe they are magnetic in nature and have both a field release and field return of magnetism as a force continuum. These Pyramid’s release and intake force into each other’s field continuum they stream force into each other’s field continuum force intake releases force into return fields force intake spirals into release into a vortex of motion spiraling around release. The force releases straight out the tip to return normally but can move slightly towards greater force of returning magnetism the release field of the base seeks the return field in release direction and the base can split into several release and return points. These Pyramids are gluons permeate as heat make up all particles when together as fields.
Category: Quantum Physics

[265] viXra:1911.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 12:26:40

Creating a More Human-Like AI Entity

Authors: Keith D. Foote
Comments: 1 Page.

This paper initiates and explores the concept of recording the visual and audio experiences of individuals to be used as a foundation for AI entities. The goal is to provide more human like behavior.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[264] viXra:1911.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 14:47:29

Nature Astronomy Journal Has Been Published Plagiarism of Leonov's Concept of a Quantized Ball-Shaped Universe

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

In 1996, I developed and published the scientific concept of the quantized ball-shaped universe in Russian [1]. This concept was published a second time in English in 2010-2011 in my fundamental the theory of Superunification [2-4]. The concept of a quantized universe is my development. Our universe is a quantized universe and the universe is filled with quantons. Quanton is a quantum of space-time and it was discovered by me in 1996. Quanton has four integer quark two electric (±e) and two magnetic (±g). The calculated diameter of the quanton is 10^—25 m. The concentration of quantons is the quantum density (is an average ~10^75 q/m3) of the medium (space) and this is a variable function that describes the deformation (Einstein's analogue of curvature) of quantized space-time. A quantized universe can only have the shape of a ball and at the moment it is in a white hole state. Our universe is not flat. It is spherically deformed and the deformation (force) vector is directed to the periphery of the universe forcing the galaxies to run with acceleration. A quantized universe has no expansion and its diameter is a constant parameter. We are observing only the accelerated scattering (recession) of galaxies inside of the quantized deformed universe. This is a new physics; this is a new methodology for calculating the parameters of the universe and its state as at the present moment and for the future. I was glad when I read the article “Planck evidence for a closed Universe and a possible crisis for cosmology” in the “Nature Astronomy” [5], which once again confirms the correctness of the theory of Superunification. But I was surprised when I did not see a reference to my theory of Superunification and to the Leonov's concept of a quantized ball-shaped universe. We must make references to publications that were made earlier. This is customary in the scientific community. The lack of reference to the publication is plagiarism.
Category: Quantum Physics

[263] viXra:1911.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 17:23:15

Simultaneity Role in The Solar System (SR Discussions)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 16 Pages.

One of the basic difficulties I have faced with the Special Theory of Relativity….is What's happened on the next day after the relativistic effects?! We know L0 will be contracted and be L1 - and t0 will be longer t1 – also m0 will be greater m1 But how these values will live their rest of lives?! Imagine we have a rectangle its length L0 now if this length be contracted by lorentz length contraction phenomenon to become L1 – is this new length will work as the rectangle length or this position will change….? Shortly How the relativistic system will cooperate with the non-relativistic one? Special Theory of relativity gives us a short information – it's a story for what's happening in accident – but what will happen after?…. we don't know! Now I wish to write my conclusion how Einstein created this theory…. While Einstein depends on hundreds of electrodynamics experimental results and many of new discoveries in particle motion analysis – he had a very hard job to find the cooperation point between all this material – In addition to his incredible brilliant intelligence – he was so brave warrior to accept such heavy job to do The theory gives us incomplete picture –because – he didn't allow himself to provide imagination has no proves – so he provided the facts which are proved by experiments and their direct conclusions with so deep insights Now this is almost the electrodynamics apex capacity – means – this is the highest result can reach by the 5 senses experiments – instead we have to use Data Analysis to see much deeper We simply ask why they didn't use the data analysis? The difficulty here is in the experiment meaning in itself… Because we don't know how the matter is created?, we don't really know the experiment tools which we use – Einstein told us that – we even didn't know how to use the time and distance values which we measure in labs that because we have wrong definitions about them Shortly If we search for a system in which a relativistic dimension has cooperation with non-relativistic one- so this system we can't be created in experiments – we have to find it in the nature itself – Clearly we can't create such system – basically because we have no the required sufficient knowledge to do I provide a clear claim here– I claim that the solar system has relativistic effects – and because the system works sufficiently – we conclude that the relativistic dimension cooperates with the non-relativistic one perfectly- and they consist together the solar system – This idea gives us a chance to a new-approach analysis for the theory– let's start in following Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[262] viXra:1911.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 20:08:51

Testing the No-Signaling Hypothesis

Authors: Bruce Holton
Comments: 2 Pages.

Here we describe an experiment that demonstrates how messages might be sent using entangled photons. While super-luminal signaling is considered impossible due to the statistical nature of quantum processes, we suggest a possible loophole has been found. Provided the reasoning here is correct, we have an open conflict between quantum mechanics and special relativity. If we can send messages, we can time them. Quantum mechanics predicts instantaneous action-at-a-distance. Special relativity tells us that no information can be transmitted faster than the speed of light. Hence, whether the timing turns out to be super-luminal or not, we have an apparent contradiction between the results and one of these two theories. We hypothesize that a timing test will demonstrate super-luminal signaling.
Category: Quantum Physics

[261] viXra:1911.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 22:44:56

Two Body Motion: A Rudimentary Inspection

Authors: Anamitra Palit
Comments: 10 Pages.

The basic laws of mechanics, conservation of linear momentum and angular momentum have been considered along with a third equation—a new one-- to bring out conflicting features in the subject by considering two body motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[260] viXra:1911.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 23:47:03

Energy, Market, Ecology and the Challenge of Civilization

Authors: V. A. Kasimov.
Comments: 7 Pages. Russian, English

Perhaps the most sinister the shadow hanging over the future of Humanity is the uncontrolled use of enormous amounts of energy. The "marriage union" of the market with energy is able to create an ecological monster that will "devour” all life on Earth except, perhaps, prokaryotes - the original form of life.
Category: Physics of Biology

[259] viXra:1911.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 02:53:50

Exponential Factorization and Polar Decomposition of Multivectors in C(p,q), P + Q <=3

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer, Stephen J. Sangwine
Comments: 18 Pages. Submitted to Adv. in Appl. Cliff. Algs., 2019.

In this paper we consider general multivector elements of Clifford algebras $C(p,q)$, $p+q \leq 3$, and study multivector equivalents of polar decompositions and factorization into products of exponentials, where the exponents are frequently blades of grades zero (scalar) to $n$ (pseudoscalar).
Category: Algebra

[258] viXra:1911.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 04:58:19

Hot Electrons Harvested

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Semiconductors convert energy from photons (light) into an electron current. However, some photons carry too much energy for the material to absorb. These photons produce "hot electrons," and the excess energy of these electrons is converted into heat. [26] Researchers at Heriot-Watt University, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Toulouse, France, have proposed a novel framework that combines statistical models with highly scalable computational tools from the computer graphics community to accurately extract the 3-D information in real-time (50 frames per second). [25] The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[257] viXra:1911.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 07:04:28

Photoemission Electron Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A research group led by Prof. Fu Qiang and Prof. Bao Xinhe at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have developed near ambient pressure photoemission electron microscopy (AP-PEEM) with a tunable deep-ultraviolet (DUV) laser source as the excitation source. [27] Semiconductors convert energy from photons (light) into an electron current. However, some photons carry too much energy for the material to absorb. These photons produce "hot electrons," and the excess energy of these electrons is converted into heat. [26] Researchers at Heriot-Watt University, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Toulouse, France, have proposed a novel framework that combines statistical models with highly scalable computational tools from the computer graphics community to accurately extract the 3-D information in real-time (50 frames per second). [25] The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[256] viXra:1911.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 07:14:38

On Various Ramanujan Continued Fractions: Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Particle Physics Concerning Like-Particle Solutions and Dilaton Value.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 41 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed various Ramanujan continued fractions and described the new possible mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle physics concerning like-particle solutions and dilaton value.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[255] viXra:1911.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 07:43:53

Carbon Nanotube Controlling Neural Cell

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Researchers of the Microelectronics Research Unit (MIC) at the University of Oulu, in collaboration with Tampere University, have demonstrated that carbon nanotubes can be used to control the direction of neural cell growth. [40] Now Shulaker and his team in Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, alongside researchers at Analog Devices, Inc.(ADI) also in Massachusetts USA, have taken on a series of challenges that have hampered carbon nanotube (CNT) computers since the first carbon nanotube transistors were reported in the late 1990s. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38]
Category: Physics of Biology

[254] viXra:1911.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 08:28:30

Particle Beam Instability

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

The more intense the beams, the more easily scientists can examine the object they are looking at. But intensity comes with a cost: the more intense the beams, the more they become prone to instabilities. [40] DESY scientists have created a miniature particle accelerator for electrons that can perform four different functions at the push of a button. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[253] viXra:1911.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 08:58:17

Complex Scenes from Long Distances

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Researchers at Heriot-Watt University, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Toulouse, France, have proposed a novel framework that combines statistical models with highly scalable computational tools from the computer graphics community to accurately extract the 3-D information in real-time (50 frames per second). [25] The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[252] viXra:1911.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 09:20:11

The Riemann Flow

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

The Riemann flow is defined with help of the riemannian curvature.
Category: Geometry

[251] viXra:1911.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 10:10:10

GR Equation for Gravitational-Capillary Waves of Deep Water

Authors: Vladimir Aksayskiy
Comments: 1 Page.

The equation of gravitational-capillary waves of deep water can be represented in form of Einstein field equation in general theory of relativity. In this case, waves with a minimum speed on surface of water will be a physical model of gravitational waves with the speed of light.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[250] viXra:1911.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 11:12:23

Analysis vs Synthesis

Authors: Oleg Lihvoinen
Comments: 96 Pages.

In this book we study different conscience levels based on different approaches to the reality - analysis and synthesis. We show that analysis always leads to splitting the reality into pieces in order to gain some money benefits. As a result there happens complexity and information growth when people are not able to manage it anymore. Analysis always relates to rational mind when a person builds a "rule firewall". Eventually this leads to "dehumanization" in the sense that a person forgets own dreams - the best ideas the person had in childhood or young age. Because he/she needs to spend the whole day building his/her rational mind that usually results in building career. On the contrary, synthesis leads to creative thinking that helps to build new methods to study the reality that give new innovative solutions to all problems of mankind such as climate change, hunger and wars.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[249] viXra:1911.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 12:09:07

Kalecki's Paradoxical Odyssey

Authors: Stephen Ternyik
Comments: 10 Pages.

Non-orthodox economic approach.
Category: Economics and Finance

[248] viXra:1911.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 01:19:00

Trapped Interferometer Gravity Probe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Atoms held in place by laser beams offer a new and more compact means of measuring the local acceleration due to gravity, paving the way for applications ranging from geophysical exploration to sensitive tests of fundamental forces. [34] In a study published online in Nature Methods, Prof. Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[247] viXra:1911.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 02:58:53

Split Photons in Bose-Einstein Condensate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

"Perhaps quantum computers might one day use this method to communicate with each other and form a kind of quantum Internet," says Weitz with a view towards the future. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light particles non-destructively. [22] A study by the Quantum Technologies for Information Science (QUTIS) group of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has produced a series of protocols for quantum sensors that could allow images to be obtained by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance of single biomolecules using a minimal amount of radiation. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[246] viXra:1911.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 03:30:27

Reroute Light in Computer Chips

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[245] viXra:1911.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 05:05:34

Cooper Pair Metal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

The findings describe an entirely new state of matter, the researchers say, that will require a new theoretical explanation. [51] This area of research aims to greatly accelerate the study of spintronics with organic molecules. [50] In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43] Bioengineers and biophysicists from the have discovered that the toxicity of nanoparticles depends more on their size and the extent to which their surface area is charged than on their chemical composition. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[244] viXra:1911.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 05:36:23

Terahertz Laser with Laughing Gas

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Within the electromagnetic middle ground between microwaves and visible light lies terahertz radiation, and the promise of "T-ray vision." [15] A team of scientists from DESY and the University of Hamburg has achieved an important milestone in the quest for a new type of compact particle accelerator. [14] A research team led by physicists at LMU Munich reports a significant advance in laser-driven particle acceleration. [13] And now, physicists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and their collaborators have demonstrated that computers are ready to tackle the universe's greatest mysteries. [12]
Category: Quantum Physics

[243] viXra:1911.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 06:15:04

Spring and Gravity Laws of Vibration Energy Harvesting

Authors: Emmanuel F.C. Chimamkpam
Comments: 15 pages of texts/equations and 11 pages of figures. DOI:10.5281/zenodo.3530639

Usual theory has it that large power is only attained by using large mass in harvesting of vibration energy. But can a heavy harvester be displaced at all or meaningfully under small vibration sources? Large mass means large materials with high costs, less ease of transportation and high difficulty of integration into portable technologies. Herein, a theory is proposed and validated for power as inversely proportional to mass but directly proportional to the stiffness of spring, meaning that large mass is not always needed. A further concept is established that more local gravity gives higher power but on condition that mass, spring stiffness and displacement amplitude of vibration source remain unchanged. Nonlinear multi-phase power spectrum arises when displacement amplitude of a vibration source is constant, whereas linear single-phase spectrum is the result when this amplitude fluctuates in non-zero gravity. All theoretical findings concur with results of real-life applications, giving new design pathways for high performance harvesters.
Category: Quantum Physics

[242] viXra:1911.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 06:50:19

Refutation of Fundamental Sets for Algebraic Subgroups

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate fundamental sets for algebraic subgroups by way of the seminal Theorem 6.12. It is not tautologous and refutes the conjecture. What follows is refutation of quantitative reduction theory and unlikely intersections. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Algebra

[241] viXra:1911.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 06:56:30

New Paradox in the Special Relativity Mass-Spring-Mass Oscillator

Authors: Randolf Rolff
Comments: 7 pages; German language Deutsch: Neues Paradoxon in der SRT– Masse-Feder-Masse-Schwinger

When calculating the resonance frequency of a fast moving mass-spring-mass oscillator, this contradicts the relativistic time dilation. The calculated frequency depends on the inertial system used for the calculation. There are indications that the elastic potential energy of a spring decreases with increasing speed and does not increase as predicted by the theory of relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[240] viXra:1911.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 07:19:42

Quantum Transition Electron Lack Spin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

The phenomenon occurs at extremely low temperatures very close to absolute zero. When temperatures fall this low, thermodynamic fluctuations practically disappear, and quantum fluctuations are observed, constituting the "medium" in which interactions among electrons take place. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[239] viXra:1911.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 08:48:22

Spin Dynamics in Rydberg Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Rydberg molecules are giant molecules made up of tens or hundreds of atoms bound to a Rydberg atom. [39] The three-year Rydberg Quantum Simulators (RYSQ) project was set up to capitalize on the versatility of Rydberg atoms in order to address a variety of quantum simulations. [38] Using lasers, U.S. and Austrian physicists have coaxed ultracold strontium atoms into complex structures unlike any previously seen in nature. [37] A team of researchers has now presented this state of matter in the journal Physical Review Letters. The theoretical work was done at TU Wien (Vienna) and Harvard University, the experiment was performed at Rice University in Houston (Texas). [36] The old question, whether quantum systems show recurrences, can finally be answered: Yes, they do-but the concept of recurrence has to be slightly redefined. [35] Researchers at Purdue University have performed the first experimental tests of several fundamental theorems in thermodynamics, verifying the relationship between them and providing a better understanding of how nanoparticles behave under fluctuation. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information-known as qubits-that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[238] viXra:1911.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 09:45:02

Quantum Objective Reality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Clearly these are all deeply philosophical questions about the fundamental nature of reality. Whatever the answer, an interesting future awaits. [37] Researchers at the University of Vienna study the relevance of quantum reference frames for the symmetries of the world. [36] Researchers in Singapore have built a refrigerator that's just three atoms big. This quantum fridge won't keep your drinks cold, but it's cool proof of physics operating at the smallest scales. [35] Researchers have created a new testing ground for quantum systems in which they can literally turn certain particle interactions on and off, potentially paving the way for advances in spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[237] viXra:1911.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 10:52:41

Molecular Chirality Changes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

The researchers have generated femtosecond laser pulses, with tailor-made, temporally varying polarizations, which are themselves chiral. [17] The scientists identified a shortlist, a kind of "periodic table" of the most designable knot types, i.e. those knots that could easily self-assemble under appropriate physical and chemical conditions. [16] Scientists have now observed for the first time how diamonds grow from seed at an atomic level, and discovered just how big the seeds need to be to kick the crystal growing process into overdrive. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Physics of Biology

[236] viXra:1911.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 11:58:07

Catalan's Constant and pi :Integrals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito, Rodrigo Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

Double integrals
Category: General Mathematics

[235] viXra:1911.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 12:00:10

Numbers: Part 6, Three Integrals .

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito, Rodrigo Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

We give three definite integrals
Category: General Mathematics

[234] viXra:1911.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 12:00:22

The Essential Papakonstantinidis/protocol

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 3 Pages.

Natural Language Protocol of Presentation
Category: Social Science

[233] viXra:1911.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 12:45:12

On Various Ramanujan Equations: Mathematical Connections with Some Cosmological Parameters and Some Sectors of Particle Physics, in Particular the Masses of the Two Pion Mesons.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 123 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed various Ramanujan equations and described the new possible mathematical connections with some cosmological parameters and some sectors of Particle physics, in particular the masses of the two Pion mesons.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[232] viXra:1911.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 14:26:32

On the New Mathematical Connections Between Some Ramanujan Equations and Some Formulas Concerning Various Sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 113 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed various Ramanujan equations and described the new possible mathematical connections with some sectors of string theory and Particle Physics
Category: Mathematical Physics

[231] viXra:1911.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 15:07:54

Diffusion Gravity: An Alternative to Dark Matter

Authors: DH Fulton
Comments: 13 Pages. Fourth paper in series on Diffusion Gravity

Diffusion Gravity is a theory based upon established physical principles including Newtonian mechanics, quantum mechanics, and the Principle of Least Action. Radial flows of virtual particles from all masses due to mass diffusion is proposed as the fundamental cause of gravity, along with the corresponding quantum mechanisms underlying the macroscopic phenomenon. The Poisson equation for gravity and the corresponding “sink” or depletion zone is presented as the attraction mechanism for gravity; this current research installment applies the equation to large scale gravitational equipotential point-surfaces in galactic star orbits, where the acceleration according to Newton-Kepler should fall to a0<10-10 m/sec2, but observationally does not. By steradial geometry and the Gaussian transform of volume virtual particle flows to equipotential surface fluxes, the diffusion gravity model demonstrates how a gravitational “locking” and “equipotential-locking” at galactic scale affects centripetal acceleration and velocity rotation curves of galaxies, without invoking dark matter.
Category: Quantum Physics

[230] viXra:1911.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 22:50:11

Exploring [ Spring Tools 4 for Eclipse/JamVM/ Prolog Development Tool - PDT ] in the Context of Prolog/Palladio Studio/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Systems & Environments - A Simple Understanding of JamVM [ Java Virtual Machine ]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Exploring [ Spring Tools 4 for Eclipse/JamVM/ Prolog Development Tool - PDT ] in the Context of Prolog/Palladio Studio/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Systems & Environments - A Simple Understanding of JamVM [ Java Virtual Machine ]interaction With Spring Boot Framework.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[229] viXra:1911.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 23:51:00

Refutation of Bunch Theory with Derivations

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate bunch theory in ten equations which are not tautologous. This refutes the conjecture of bunch theory along with its derivations of: improper bunch theory; wholistic functions; fixed point theory; and formal grammars. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[228] viXra:1911.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 01:16:00

Antimatter and Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Thinking that they might be, scientists from the international BASE collaboration, led by Stefan Ulmer of the RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research, and collaborators have performed the first laboratory experiments to determine whether a slightly different way in which matter and antimatter interact with dark matter might be a key to solving both mysteries. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[227] viXra:1911.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 06:51:46

Numbers Do Not Exist

Authors: Averky Glebov
Comments: 1 Page.

In this paper we discuss how numbers, are just not real, and do not exist in the world.
Category: General Mathematics

[226] viXra:1911.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 10:34:46

The Shape of the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Therefore, the most interesting result of our paper is not that the universe appears to be curved rather than flat, but the fact that it may force us to rearrange the pieces of the cosmic puzzle in a completely different way. [32] Now physicists at MIT, Kenyon College, and elsewhere have simulated in detail an intermediary phase of the early universe that may have bridged cosmic inflation with the Big Bang. [31] At the Japanese Research Center for Particle Physics KEK, the new particle accelerator experiment Belle II started operation after eight years of construction. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[225] viXra:1911.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 11:40:36

L'évolution Des Espèces en Question

Authors: Vialla Stéphane
Comments: 4 Pages. français

Dans cet article je reviens sur les trois mécanismes qui régissent l'évolution des espèces: l'environnement de Charles Darwin, l'épigénétique de Jean baptiste Lamarck et la génétique dont l'origine tient dans les travaux de G. Mendel. Je conclus avec une proposition d'un mécanisme génétique propre supplémentaire intervenant dans l'évolution des espèces.
Category: Physics of Biology

[224] viXra:1911.0239 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-16 07:38:49

Solution to the New Paradox of Special Relativity

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 3 Pages.

Albert Einstein said against Quantum Physics: "God does not play dice''. Einstein has never accepted the Quantum Physics. So, there can be contradiction between the Theory of Relativity and Quantum Physics. That mean, that one or more of these two theories are incomplete. Just like the Gödel incompleteness theorem says, that formal arithmetic is incomplete.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[223] viXra:1911.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 12:27:00

Capture Objects with Ghost Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

Researchers have developed a way to capture moving objects with the unconventional imaging method known as ghost imaging. [47] The key to ghost imaging is to use two or more correlated beams of particles. [46] Physicists at the University of Alberta in Canada have developed a new way to build quantum memories, a method for storing delicate quantum information encoded into pulses of light. [45] Now, an Australian research team has experimentally realised a crucial combination of these capabilities on a silicon chip, bringing the dream of a universal quantum computer closer to reality. [44] A theoretical concept to realize quantum information processing has been developed by Professor Guido Burkard and his team of physicists at the University of Konstanz. [43] As the number of hacks and security breaches rapidly climbs, scientists say there may be a way to make a truly unhackable network by using the laws of quantum physics. [42] This world-first nanophotonic device, just unveiled in Nature Communications, encodes more data and processes it much faster than conventional fiber optics by using a special form of 'twisted' light. [41] Purdue University researchers created a new technique that would increase the secret bit rate 100-fold, to over 35 million photons per second. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39] Research in the quantum optics lab of Prof. Barak Dayan in the Weizmann Institute of Science may be bringing the development of such computers one step closer by providing the "quantum gates" that are required for communication within and between such quantum computers. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[222] viXra:1911.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 13:18:58

Human Cytomegalovirus is the Cause of Essential Hypertension

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 26 Pages. (C) Ilija Barukčić, 2019, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved.

Objective: To our knowledge, no study has provided strict evidence of a clear relationship between a human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection and human essential hypertension (EH). Methods: To examine the possible role of HCMV in the etiology of EH, a literature searched through the electronic database PubMed was performed. Data were accurately assessed and re-analyzed by new statistical methods. Results: The meta-analysis results of this study provide evidence that HCMV infection and essential hypertension are connected. Conclusions: Without HCMV infection no EH. Keywords: Human cytomegalovirus, essential hypertension, causal relationship.
Category: Statistics

[221] viXra:1911.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 14:02:48

A Technical Report on 'The Inconsistency of Arithmetic' -- The Discussion

Authors: David Streit, Christoph Benzmüller, Ralf Wüsthofen
Comments: 35 Pages.

This document presents the discussion with two experts in automated theorem proving in the course of drawing up their technical report http://viXra.org/abs/1910.0115 on the paper 'The Inconsistency of Arithmetic' (http://vixra.org/abs/1904.0428). Main issue of the discussion is the wrong countermodel given in the report that is based on an incorrect application of predicate logic.
Category: Number Theory

[220] viXra:1911.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 15:41:29

New Small Cheap Rocket for Small Payload

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 10 Pages.

Conventional modern rocket has existed for more than a half century. However, there has been little or no significant progress in their basic data. They are very exceedingly complex and generally very expensive to build. Designers ordinarily try to improve them by simplifying in order to reduce the cost payload launches. They try to use the first stagy of rocket sometimes, because the rocket engine and body are expensive. But no significant success. The author offers a new type of rocket which does not have the usual rocket body and engine (only open solid rocket fuel). This new rocket is cheap to fabricate, may be switched on and switched off many times and has specific impulse more than conventional solid fuel engine (i.e., close to liquid fuel). One can be used for launch as well as vector correcting rocket. This method is particularly suitable for micro-spacecraft (up to 1 kg). It allows to reduce the launch weight of the rocket to 50 ÷ 1000 kg.
Category: Classical Physics

[219] viXra:1911.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 16:43:54

Lorentz Length Contraction Analysis (SR Discussions) (Part III)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 15 Pages.

Lorentz Length Contraction Is A Real Phenomenon Done For Particle Own Length And Cause To Be Contracted. Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[218] viXra:1911.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 17:21:28

Refutation of Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction by Zero Calculus

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the conjecture of the following equations: (a×0)≠0 ; (a×0)<a; and (a−0)<a<(a+0). None is tautologous, and the first two are contradictory. This refutes the conjectures to form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: General Mathematics

[217] viXra:1911.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 18:28:28

Electrostatic Gunnon

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 5 Pages.

The author proposes a new type of gun, in which the projectile is accelerated by an electrostatic field. It shows that a strong electrostatic field (high voltage pulse) can accelerate a small charge (shell) to huge speeds (up to 1000 km/s). If this micro-projectile (10-4 grams) consists of thermonuclear fuel, its explosion will destroy the target. This idea can be used to create thermonuclear engines and missiles, for conventional long-range artillery.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[216] viXra:1911.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 01:57:55

Multiplication by Zero Calculus, Addition by Zero Calculus, and Subtraction by Zero Calculus

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 2 Pages.

In physics, there are many particles in a vacuum.\\ Perfect zero cannot exist.\\ 0 is not perfect zero.\\ 0 is almost zero.\\ Perfect zero is only a mathematical fantasy.\\ $a\times0\approx0$, but $a\times0\neq0$.\\ $a\times0\times0\times0\times0\times0<a\times0\times0\times0\times0<a\times0\times0\times0<a\times0\times0<a\times0<a$.\\ $a-0-0-0<a-0-0<a-0<a<a+0<a+0+0<a+0+0+0$.\\
Category: General Mathematics

[215] viXra:1911.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 07:14:31

Deep Learning Nuclear Waste

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

A research collaboration between Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Brown University, and NVIDIA has achieved exaflop performance on the Summit supercomputer with a deep learning application used to model subsurface flow in the study of nuclear waste remediation. [28] A team of scientists at Freie Universität Berlin has developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) method that provides a fundamentally new solution of the "sampling problem" in statistical physics. [27]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[214] viXra:1911.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 07:55:01

Ultrashort-Pulse Laser Oscillators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

With the demonstration of a sub-picosecond thin-disk laser oscillator delivering a record-high 350-watt average output power, physicists at ETH Zurich set a new benchmark and pave the path toward even more powerful lasers. [28] But in new experiments by physicists at MIT and elsewhere, the opposite happens: When a pattern called a charge density wave in a certain material is hit with a fast laser pulse, a whole new charge density wave is created-a highly ordered state, instead of the expected disorder. [27] Scientists from Universität Hamburg have united the two research fields and succeeded in observing the emergence of ions in ultracold atoms. [26] Researchers at the Kirchhoff Institute for Physics of Heidelberg University recently succeeded in verifying so-called non-local quantum correlations between ultracold clouds of rubidium atoms. [25] Four decades after it was predicted, scientist create a skyrmion, and take one step towards efficient nuclear fusion. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[213] viXra:1911.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 08:23:37

Neutron Scattering Techniques

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

An international team led by New Zealand food scientists at the Riddet Institute has used neutron scattering techniques to characterize the structure of an oil-in-water emulsion commonly used in foods, such as milk, cream, salad dressings and sauces. [14] Coupled with SNS, the world's most powerful pulsed accelerator-based neutron source, VENUS will be the only open research facility platform in the US to provide time-of-flight neutron imaging capabilities to users from academia and industry. [13] A spallation neutron source has been used by physicists in Japan to search for possible violations of the inverse square law of gravity. [12]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[212] viXra:1911.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 10:44:29

Sound Waves Target Drugs to Tumors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

But a new ultrasonic method proposed by biomedical engineers from Qifa Zhou's team at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles could enable acoustic control and real-time tracking of drug release within the body. [24] A Rutgers-led team has created better biosensor technology that may help lead to safe stem cell therapies for treating Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and other neurological disorders. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[211] viXra:1911.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 10:50:35

Hypercomplex Numbers of Dimension 11

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: timinva@yandex.ru, 3 pages in Russian

This work is devoted to the search, study and compilation of the multiplication table of a compound hyperbolic (Hypercomplex) number of dimension nine (11): q = {1, i1, i2, i3, …, i10, }: in2 = 1. On this basis, as a template, you can choose other multiplication tables with a different target or arbitrary arrangement of plus (+) and minus (-) characters in the cells of the multiplication table. The disadvantage of multiplication tables of dimension 11 is that they are neither associative nor commutative (not even anticommutative). But this is their fundamental property.. Эта работа посвящена поиску, изучению и составлению таблицы умножения составного гиперболического (гиперкомплексного) числа размерностью девять (11): q = {1, i1, i2, i3, …, i11, }: in2 = 1. На этой основе как на шаблоне можно подобрать другие таблицы умножения с другой целевой или произвольной расстановкой знаков "плюс" (+) и "минус" (-) в ячейках таблицы умножения. Ассоциативных и коммутативных таблиц умножения не имеется.
Category: Algebra

[210] viXra:1911.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 12:19:36

Invariance of the Speed of Light and Time Dilation

Authors: Giacomo Roccaforte
Comments: 16 Pages. This version is in Italian

In this chapter we highlight a situation in which the fact that the speed of light is constant in all reference systems would imply that even the flow of the time should be the same in all reference systems , a conclusion that is exactly and paradoxically opposed to the Theory Of Relativity At this point it would be a matter of choosing between two undisputed points: or the speed of light is constant for all the reference systems but in this case also the flow of time would be, and this is against the Theory Of Relativity. Or the flow of time is different in different reference systems, but the speed of the light would no longer be constant, and we know that this is against of the experimental data. At the end of the whole theory, we would arrive at a third possibility, in agreement with all the experimental data, and without a series of doubtful points of the Theory Of Relativity, such as the present and this one http://vixra.org/abs/1801.0229, listed and explained in the complete research already published at http://vixra.org/abs/1707.0297 . This chapter for the moment does not want to suggest a solution to a problem, but only highlights its existence.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[209] viXra:1911.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 12:53:29

Massive Photons in Magnetic Field

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

An international research collaboration from Poland, the UK and Russia has created a two-dimensional system-a thin optical cavity filled with liquid crystal-in which they trapped photons. [26] This novel technology could be used to produce molecular junctions in a scalable fashion-allowing millions of them to be manufactured in parallel. [25] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have successfully generated controlled electron pulses in the attosecond range. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[208] viXra:1911.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 13:26:14

Вывод всех линейных преобразований, удовлетворяющих эксперименту Майкельсона-Морли, и обсуждение основ релятивизма (In Russian)

Authors: Szostek Roman
Comments: 36 Pages. This article presents formal proof that STR is a wrong theory (in Russian).

В статье представлено формальное доказательство того, что математика, на которойосновывается Специальная Теория Относительности (СТО), в настоящее время неверно истолкована. Доказательство опирается на анализ значения параметра e(v).Понимание значения этого параметра возможно благодаря анализу общей формы преобразования, для которого преобразование Лоренца является лишь частным случаем. Если e(v) ≠ 0, тогда часы в инерциальных системах отсчета рассинхронизированы. Величины, например, однонаправленной скорости при использовании таких часов не дают реальных значений.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[207] viXra:1911.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 13:28:39

Dark Baryonic and Dark Gravitational as Solution for D.M. in M33

Authors: M. Abarca
Comments: 25 Pages.

After the success of the DG theory explaining the data known for DM in M31 and Milky Way and published in [1] Abarca,M., it is right to check the same theory in M33, because DG theory aims to be a universal theory as it is based on a quantum gravitation effect. Taking as starting point the remarkable rotation curve of Corbelli,E , and applying DG theory it has been possible to show that DG matter in M33 cannot explain the total amount of DM needed to justify the rotation curve of M33. Therefore, it has been postulated that the extra amount of DM is dark baryon. Even such mass has been estimated roughly. Similarly, thanks a rotation curve of LMC got by Vasiliev,E. and applying DG theory has been demonstrated that in LMC there is a DM proportion at least four times bigger than such proportion in MW. Therefore in order to preserve the DG theory as universal based on a property of gravitational propagation, it has been postulated the existence of an important amount of dark baryonic. Consequently this conclusion arises an extraordinary test to check the DG theory. Currently, it has been published a method called nanolensing which might be applied to search a type of dark baryon called SULCOs (Sub Lunar Compact Object) in Milky Way and LMC. Possibly, it could be made measures of DB in the Milky Way and LMC in a close future. If measures backed the proportion of DB predicted by the theory then DG theory would be a real theory able to explain DG as a universal law. A second important result showed in the paper is related to the concept of Dark Gravitational mass, DG, because according the theory, the calculus of DG mass has to be extended up to the distance where is placed the interacting system. For example, when it is studied the interaction between M33 and M31, the distance to calculate the DG mass has to be 220 kpc, not only for DG mass of M33 but also for M31, whereas when it is studied the interaction between MW and M31 then both DG masses has to be calculated for a distance of 770 kpc. By DG theory has been found a lower bound for total masses of M33 and LMC. It has not been possible to calculate a more accurate value of masses for both galaxies because the rotation curve published are a bit short and even at the furthest radius of rotation curve, the proportion of baryonic matter versus DG mass is too high to be neglected. Consequently the parameter C, which is the initial condition of a Bernoulli differential equation, cannot be calculated properly. It would be suitable new measures of rotation curves of M33 especially for radius bigger than 23 kpc in order to calculate parameter C with more accuracy. It worth to highlight an interesting property of DG mass formula, which is that its value tends to a finite value, Mo, as variable X grows indefinitely. Physically is important that mass does not tend to infinite. However the NFW formula for mass tends to infinite as x grows, so it is only right inside a bounded halo dominion. Similarly it happens with Burkert DM mass, which is unbounded as x grows. Another important result got in this paper is a very good estimation of Local Group total mass. According [13]Fattahi & Navarro the dynamical mass at 3 Mpc in the Local Group gives a mass of 10^13 Msun. Calculus made with DG theory at such distance gives a total mass bigger than 7*10^12 Msun, when it is considered M31, M33, Milky Way and LMC, obviously when is added the total mass of the rest of dwarfs galaxies of Local Group the total mass will be even more close to the value estimated by Fattahi & Navarro. There is no doubt that this is a magnificent result for DG theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[206] viXra:1911.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 19:58:51

Deep Clustering for Mars Rover Image Datasets

Authors: Vikas Ramachandra
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, we build autoencoders to learn a latent space from unlabeled image datasets obtained from the Mars rover. Then, once the latent feature space has been learnt, we use k-means to cluster the data. We test the performance of the algorithm on a smaller labeled dataset, and report good accuracy and concordance with the ground truth labels. This is the first attempt to use deep learning based unsupervised algorithms to cluster Mars Rover images. This algorithm can be used to augment human annotations for such datasets (which are time consuming) and speed up the generation of ground truth labels for Mars Rover image data, and potentially other planetary and space images.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[205] viXra:1911.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 16:43:47

On the Srinivasa Ramanujan Manuscripts: Further and New Mathematical Developments Between Various Formulas, the Rogers-Ramanujan Continued Fractions, the Mock Theta Functions and Some Sectors of Cosmology and Theoretical Physics. III

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 131 Pages.

In this research thesis, concerning the Srinivasa Ramanujan Manuscripts, we have analyzed various formulas, the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fractions, the mock theta functions and some sectors of Cosmology and Theoretical Physics. We have obtained further new possible mathematical connections and developments
Category: Mathematical Physics

[204] viXra:1911.0219 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-14 17:59:07

Minimal Fractal Manifold as Foundation of Quantum Information Theory

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 7 Pages.

Derived from the mathematics of the Renormalization Group, the minimal fractal manifold (MFM) represents a spacetime continuum endowed with arbitrarily small deviations from four dimensions. The geometrical structure of the MFM can be conveniently formulated using the concept of dimensional quaternion, a vector-like entity built from component deviations along the four spacetime coordinates. Our analysis shows that dimensional quaternions form a natural basis for qubit systems and Quantum Information Theory.
Category: Quantum Physics

[203] viXra:1911.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 00:37:42

Exploring [ C/C++/Bio-C++ ] based Bio-informatics R&D Framework Using [ XNA- Xeno Nucleic Acids/ Machine Learning/Minsky Machines/Group Theory/Grobner Bases.]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ BioCPP Computational Libraries/dlibC++( Machine Learning-Library)/Group Theory/Grobner Bases ] interaction With C++ based Template Turing Machine w.r.t Minsky Machines in the Context of XNA Sequencing Mechanisms – A Simple Idea to Test Minsky Machines.We intend to explore Synthetic Biology Theoretically.Hence,this Short communication on Synthetic Biology R&D.To understand XNA related mechanisms like Sequencing we are also using/considering Minksy Machines for better Bio-informatics Applications.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[202] viXra:1911.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 01:18:49

Determining the Length Scale at Which the Force of Gravity is Strong Between Any Two Electrons

Authors: Balungi Francis
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this study we show that the gravitational force between any two electrons becomes strong when the distance between them is the Planck length and that this happens when the applied electric field used to accelerate one electron towards the other up to the Planck length where gravity becomes strong has a value of approximately 5.5269 ×10^60��/��. We also deduce the limiting lengths and electric field at which the electromagnetic and Casimir force becomes strong. This study has implications for physics beyond the standard model.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[201] viXra:1911.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 03:15:37

Ultrafast Laser Pulses Produces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

But in new experiments by physicists at MIT and elsewhere, the opposite happens: When a pattern called a charge density wave in a certain material is hit with a fast laser pulse, a whole new charge density wave is created—a highly ordered state, instead of the expected disorder. [27] Scientists from Universität Hamburg have united the two research fields and succeeded in observing the emergence of ions in ultracold atoms. [26] Researchers at the Kirchhoff Institute for Physics of Heidelberg University recently succeeded in verifying so-called non-local quantum correlations between ultracold clouds of rubidium atoms. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[200] viXra:1911.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 05:59:15

Refutation of Reduction of Provability Logics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate definitions for “Lob” and the “completeness principle” also the necessitation rule. None is tautologous. Hence reduction of provability logics is not confirmed. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[199] viXra:1911.0214 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-14 13:20:33

An Extension of the Dynamics of the Core of Baryons

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

Presented here an extension of the dynamics of the core of baryons reduces the initial 3 iterative numbers in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) to 2. Now SST starts from 7 parameters and 2 iterative numbers which are derived after formulation of the theory. We calculated mass of the central condensate which is responsible for the nuclear weak interactions, the coupling constant for such interactions, the binding energy of the torus/electric-charge and central condensate, and masses of charged and neutral core. We showed also how important are the axial symmetries in weak interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[198] viXra:1911.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 07:29:08

The Ferent Mechanism Gives the Electron Mass, not the Wrong Higgs Mechanism

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 455 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“The Ferent mechanism gives the electron Mass, not the wrong Higgs mechanism” Adrian Ferent “The photon confined inside the electron has mass” Adrian Ferent “The photon confined inside the electron has mass and electric charge” Adrian Ferent “The Dark electron gives mass to the electron” Adrian Ferent “Because the Ferent mechanism gives Mass to elementary particles, the Higgs mechanism is wrong and the Higgs boson is an unimportant particle” Adrian Ferent You learned from scientists, Nobel Laureates, your professors… that the Higgs boson is a special particle, ‘the God particle’, because it is the manifestation of the Higgs field, that gives mass to elementary particles like electrons, quarks…that cannot be broken into smaller parts. I discovered that: “The electron is not an elementary particle, because it is composed of a Photon and a Dark electron” Adrian Ferent Steven Weinberg and Abdus Salam included the wrong Higgs mechanism into modern particle physics and is an essential part of the Standard Model. I discovered that: “The Standard Model is wrong because the electron is not an elementary particle, and it does not include Dark Matter particles” Adrian Ferent 2013 Nobel Prize in physics was a fraud because: François Englert and Peter Higgs did not discover a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles! “The reaction of the Swedish Academy to Higgs boson discovery appears to be a result of being beguiled by CERN’s attempts to justify the billions of dollars of public money being spent.“ The same thing with LIGO, one billion of dollars of public money being spent and zero results! Another fraud was the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics, awarded for a project, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO), not for a scientific discovery; they did not detect anything. In Ferent Quantum Gravity, LIGO is a fraud. Since they received the Nobel Prize they did not detect gravitational waves, because: “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent “Einstein did not understand Gravitation, he calculated Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational waves are carried by gravitons” Adrian Ferent The mass generation mechanism is a theory that describes the origin of mass. The mass generation mechanism is one of the most burning problem of the modern particle physics. The problem is complex because the primary role of mass is to mediate gravitational interaction between bodies. “Ferent Quantum Gravity explains how mass mediates gravitational interaction between bodies, with Matter and Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent The Higgs mechanism doesn't explain the source of any masses, the Higgs mechanism is not a mechanism for generating mass. The Higgs boson does not give other particles mass; the Higgs boson is a quantized manifestation of a Higgs field that not generates mass through its interaction with other particles. Particles drag through the Higgs field by exchanging virtual Higgs particles with it. How scientists explain how elementary particles get their masses, with syrup and honey: Except for massless photons and gluons, "all elementary particles get their masses from their interactions with the [Higgs] field, kind of like being 'slowed down' by passing through a thick syrup" “The Higgs field is likened to a rich and creamy soup, or maybe a dense and heavy fog, or even a vat of thick and goopy honey… impeding the free travel of carefree electrons and quarks.” “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent That is why: “The electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent “The Ferent mechanism: the interaction energy of gravitons emitted by Dark Matter gives mass to the elementary particles” Adrian Ferent “Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about elementary particles is wrong; because you learned about elementary particles without Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity the mass generation mechanism is caused by an internal field the Gravitational field; in Higgs mechanism, there is an external field, the Higgs field.” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity is right, because were only few Higgs boson detected, with very short life, that is why the Higgs field is not like syrup or honey and that is why the Higgs mechanism is wrong” Adrian Ferent “Physics is much more complicated than you learned it, with Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Because the Ferent mechanism gives Mass to elementary particles, the Higgs mechanism is wrong and the Higgs boson is an unimportant particle” Adrian Ferent “I explained Particle physics with Dark Matter from Ferent Quantum Gravity” Adrian Ferent “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron” Adrian Ferent “Between the Ferent time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s and the Planck time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created the Dark Matter electrons” Adrian Ferent “When the photons were created, the photons with the energy 0.5 MeV and the Dark Matter electrons created the electrons” Adrian Ferent “I calculated the charge created by the photon with f = 10^20 Hz inside the electron Q = 1.6 × 10^(-19) C, the electron charge” Adrian Ferent “The Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for elementary particle, made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Unification between Matter and Dark Matter!” Adrian Ferent “The electron equation:” Adrian Ferent Where Ψ is the wave function of the electron. “I discovered what the electron is, because I discovered what Dark Matter is” Adrian Ferent “The photon confined inside the electron has mass” Adrian Ferent “The photon confined inside the electron has mass and electric charge” Adrian Ferent “The Dark electron gives mass to the electron” Adrian Ferent “The Ferent mechanism gives the electron Mass, not the wrong Higgs mechanism” Adrian Ferent 272. I am the first who discovered that the Ferent mechanism gives the electron Mass, not the wrong Higgs mechanism 273. I am the first who discovered that the photon confined inside the electron has mass 274. I am the first who discovered that the photon confined inside the electron has mass and electric charge 275. I am the first who discovered that the Ferent mechanism gives Mass to elementary particles and the Higgs mechanism is wrong and the Higgs boson is an unimportant particle 276. I am the first who discovered that the Dark electron gives mass to the electron
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[197] viXra:1911.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 13:23:32

Формальная теория жизнедеятельности психики человека

Authors: Кондратенко Виктория Александровна
Comments: 19 Pages.

Множество исследований в области искусственного интеллекта не могут быть завершены, или проведены вообще, из-за отсутствия на текущий момент корректной теории функционирования человеческого мозга, связанного с его интеллектуальной деятельностью, хотя бы на концептуальном уровне. Нет пока комплексных предложений исследователей, на каких принципах должны основываться модели элементарных и структурированных смыслов, обрабатываемых мозгом в процессе жизнедеятельности человека, не говоря уже о формальных языках и их грамматиках, или, тем более, о формальных теориях, предназначенных для этих целей. Цель статьи заключается в восполнении отмеченного только что пробела в научных знаниях о человеческом мозге.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[196] viXra:1911.0209 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-13 01:16:29

Dynamics of the Core of Baryons

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

In 2017, scientists from Osaka University measured unexpected gamma-ray energy spectrum of the lithium reaction with the 246-MeV protons. Here, using the dynamics of the core of baryons described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we showed that the two absorption lines follow from such dynamics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[195] viXra:1911.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 14:09:39

Refutation of the Aafrempong Conjecture

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the AAFrempong conjecture, named by the author after the name of the author, which states in any triangle, the sum of the lengths of any two sides is greater than the length of the third side, is not tautologous. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Number Theory

[194] viXra:1911.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 15:51:22

Analysis of Natural Lightning Phenomena and Method for Laboratory Study

Authors: Stoyan Sarg Sargoytchev
Comments: 12 Pages. Reported in International conference on Nanotechnology and Materials Science, 2019, Rome, Italy

On Earth, the lightning frequency is approximately 44 times per second, or nearly 1.4 billion flashes per year. The average lightning duration is a few hundred milliseconds made up from a number of shorter strokes. Lightning is a transient process producing very high frequency pulses mostly in MHZ range. The analysis of lightnings using the BSM-SG models indicates that theoretically predicted and experimentally proved “Heterodyne Resonance Mechanism” (HRM) is involved in the transient process of lightning. The physics of HRM effect permits a new understanding on the energy of lightning. This article is focused mainly on lightnings between clouds and ground in which an avalanche process takes place. The enormous energy released during this process could not be only from the potential energy accumulated in clouds. A new technical method for a laboratory study of the lightning is proposed.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[193] viXra:1911.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 18:05:40

Finite-Time Lyapunov Exponents in the Instantaneous Limit and Material Transport

Authors: Peter J. Nolan, Mattia Serra, Shane D. Ross
Comments: 43 Pages. Submitted for publication

Lagrangian techniques, such as the Finite-Time Lyapunov Exponent (FTLE) and hyperbolic Lagrangian coherent structures, have become popular tools for analyzing unsteady fluid flows. These techniques identify regions where particles transported by a flow will converge to and diverge from over a finite-time interval, even in a divergence-free flow. Lagrangian analyses, however, are time consuming and computationally expensive, hence unsuitable for quickly assessing short-term material transport. A recently developed method called OECSs rigorously connected Eulerian quantities to short-term Lagrangian transport. This Eulerian method is faster and less expensive to compute than its Lagrangian counterparts, and needs only a single snapshot of a velocity field. Along the same line, here we define the instantaneous Lyapunov Exponent (iLE), the instantaneous counterpart of the finite-time Lyapunov exponent (FTLE), and connect the Taylor series expansion of the right Cauchy-Green deformation tensor to the infinitesimal integration time limit of the FTLE. We illustrate our results on geophysical fluid flows from numerical models as well as analytical flows, and demonstrate the efficacy of attracting and repelling instantaneous Lyapunov exponent structures in predicting short-term material transport.
Category: General Mathematics

[192] viXra:1911.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 19:04:20

Lorentz Length Contraction Analysis (SR Discussions) (Part II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis Human Realization process Is The Universe Reference Point
Category: Astrophysics

[191] viXra:1911.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 20:09:57

Refutation of H-Inductive Sentences and Positive Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate h-universal sentences which are not tautologous. This refutes h-inductive sentences and positive logic. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[190] viXra:1911.0203 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-12 02:43:47

Yes, P = NP=NP-Complete=NP-hard, says the NP-hard Traveling Salesman Problem

Authors: A. A. Frempong
Comments: 38 Pages. Copyright © by A. A. Frempong

The solution of the traveling salesman problem (TSP) in this paper makes this problem no longer an NP-hard problem, but rather, a P problem. The TSP was solved in polynomial time and its solution was also correctly checked in polynomial time. Also solved were an NP-Complete TSP, and six other NP-Complete problems. The TSP solution killed two (three) birds with one stone, because its solution made the NP-hard problems and NP-Complete problems become P problems. The shortest route as well as the longest route for the salesman to visit each of nine cities once and return to the base city was determined. In finding the shortest route, the first step was to arrange the data of the problem in increasing order, since one's interest is in the shortest distances; but in finding the longest route, the first step was to arrange the data of the problem in decreasing order, since one's interest is in the longest distances. For the shortest route, the main principle is that the shortest route is the sum of the shortest distances such that the salesman visits each city once and returns to the starting city; but for the longest route, the main principle is that the longest route is the sum of the longest distances such that the salesman visits each city once and returns to the starting city. Since ten cities are involved, ten distances would be needed for the salesman to visit each of nine cities once and return to the starting city. One started the construction of the shortest route using only the shortest ten distances; and if a needed distance was not among the set of the shortest ten distances, one would consider distances longer than those in the set of the shortest ten distances. For the longest route, the construction began using only the longest ten distances; and if a needed distance was not among the set of the longest ten distances, one would consider distances shorter than those in the set of the longest ten distances. It was found out that even though, the length of the shortest or the longest route is unique, the sequence of the cities involved is not unique. The approach used in this paper can be applied in work-force project management and hiring, as well as in a country's work-force needs and immigration quota determination. Since approaches that solve the TSP and NP-Complete problems can also solve other NP problems, and the TSP and NP-Complete problems have been solved, all NP problems can be solved. If all NP problems can be solved, then all NP problems are P problems, and therefore, P is equal to NP. The CMI Millennium Prize requirements have been satisfied
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[189] viXra:1911.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 09:36:29

Unified Theory W-En..1

Authors: Vladimir Pastushenko
Comments: 1 Page. Unified theory w-EN..1

Unified theory w-EN..1
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[188] viXra:1911.0201 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 16:55:20

Prime Triplet Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Prime Triplet and Twin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Prime Triplet are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Prime Triplet are generated only at (6n -1)(6n+1). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Prime Triplet are 35/12 times of the 3th power distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Prime Triplet is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Prime Triplet continue to be generated. If Prime Triplet is finite, the Primes is finite. The probability of Prime Triplet 35/12 times of the 3th power probability of appearance of the Prime. This is contradictory. Because there are an infinite of Primes. That is, Prime Triplet exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[187] viXra:1911.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 03:17:24

Our Quantized Universe is a Spherical White Hole in the Shape of a Ball

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 14 Pages, 6 Figures

Astronomers have found that galaxies in our universe move with acceleration in towards the periphery of the universe, creating the appearance that the universe is expanding. In fact, we are seeing an accelerated recession of galaxies. The paradox is that according to Newton, motion with acceleration is possible only under the influence of external force, gravitation and antigravitation. There are no other explanations for this paradox. Galaxies do not have engines to create an external force. Gravity is contrary to the effect of expansion. It remains only to consider the effect of antigravitation that explains the movement of galaxies with acceleration (recession of galaxies). I have explained the antigravitation in 1996 when I discovered superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) - the global energy field in the form of a quantized space-time consisting of quantons. Antigravitation is created as a result of deformation (Einstein's curvature) of quantized space-time in the form of a gradient of the quantum density of the medium and the energy gradient of the SEI. For this, the space-time of our universe must be deformed and curved, it must not be flat. The deformation vector of the quantum density of the medium should be directed to the periphery of the universe providing accelerated movement of galaxies. Antigravitation is realized by the gravitational field of a white hole with minus-mass (negative mass). Our quantized universe is a spherical white hole in the shape of a ball. This fact was established by me and published in 1996 [1] and then published a second time in the theory of Superunification in 2010 [2].
Category: Quantum Physics

[186] viXra:1911.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 07:24:18

Spin Atomic Transport

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

This regime is difficult to study otherwise, but is of considerable fundamental and practical interest, not least for applications in spintronic devices and to explore fundamental phases of matter. [31] Scientists find surprising way to affect information storage properties in metal alloy. [30] A new method allows the quantum state of atomic "qubits"—the basic unit of information in quantum computers—to be measured with twenty times less error than was previously possible, without losing any atoms. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[185] viXra:1911.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 07:34:34

Analyzing Some Parts of Ramanujan’s Manuscripts: Mathematical Connections Between Several Ramanujan’s Equations, the Rogers-Ramanujan Continued Fractions and Some Sectors of Cosmology and Theoretical Physics. II

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 172 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed some parts of Ramanujan’s Manuscripts and obtained new mathematical connections between several Ramanujan’s equations, the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fractions and some sectors of Cosmology and Theoretical Physics
Category: Number Theory

[184] viXra:1911.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 07:46:12

DNA Signaling Pathways

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

When cells suffer DNA damage, they send out an SOS signal. When the repair crew arrives, the emergency signal is cancelled as it is no longer needed. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[183] viXra:1911.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 08:03:52

DNA Genetic Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Biology encodes information in DNA and RNA, which are complex molecules finely tuned to their functions. [22] When cells suffer DNA damage, they send out an SOS signal. When the repair crew arrives, the emergency signal is cancelled as it is no longer needed. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[182] viXra:1911.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 08:19:50

Understanding Antibiotic Synthesis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Researchers at McGill University's Faculty of Medicine have made important strides in understanding the functioning of enzymes that play an integral role in the production of antibiotics and other therapeutics. [23] Biology encodes information in DNA and RNA, which are complex molecules finely tuned to their functions. [22] When cells suffer DNA damage, they send out an SOS signal. When the repair crew arrives, the emergency signal is cancelled as it is no longer needed. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[181] viXra:1911.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 09:43:35

Metamaterials Reprogram Themselves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Materials scientists aim to engineer intelligence into the fabric of materials or metamaterials for programmable functions. [15] Researchers at Aalto University have developed new metasurfaces for the arbitrary manipulation of reflected waves, essentially breaking the law to engineer the reflection of a surface at will. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12]
Category: Condensed Matter

[180] viXra:1911.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 10:06:30

CERN Cosmic-Ray Showers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Cosmic rays are particles from outer space, typically protons, travelling at almost the speed of light. When the most energetic of these particles strike the atmosphere of our planet, they interact with atomic nuclei in the atmosphere and produce cascades of secondary particles that shower down to the Earth's surface. [31] Europe's physics lab CERN on Tuesday said it was planning a new experiment to look for particles associated with dark matter which is believed to make up some 27 percent of the universe. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[179] viXra:1911.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 10:33:11

Magnetic Anisotropy of Electric Polarization

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Researchers at Kanazawa University controlled the magnetic properties of a metal layer through the electrical polarization of a neighboring metal oxide layer. [34] It is commonplace to be under pressure at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory— that is, if you happen to be a sample of material undergoing investigation by the lab's condensed matter physicists. [33] Associate Professor Justin Ye, head of the Device Physics of Complex Materials group at the University of Groningen, studied superconductivity in a double layer of molybdenum disulfide and discovered new superconducting states. [32]
Category: Condensed Matter

[178] viXra:1911.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 10:48:37

Biosensor for Stem Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

A Rutgers-led team has created better biosensor technology that may help lead to safe stem cell therapies for treating Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and other neurological disorders. [23] Biology encodes information in DNA and RNA, which are complex molecules finely tuned to their functions. [22] When cells suffer DNA damage, they send out an SOS signal. When the repair crew arrives, the emergency signal is cancelled as it is no longer needed. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[177] viXra:1911.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 10:56:10

Diagnostics into Your Hand

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Handheld electrochemical sensors are part of the daily routine for millions of people with diabetes around the globe who monitor their blood sugar levels with electric glucometers. [24] A Rutgers-led team has created better biosensor technology that may help lead to safe stem cell therapies for treating Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and other neurological disorders. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[176] viXra:1911.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-10 12:29:39

The Number 273.55488 Which aids Calculation of the Mass of the Neutron Also Yields Important Dates Etc.

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 2 Pages. I have held back this work because i didn't understand its significance until now

Abstract: Important dates are found from the dimensionless constant 273.55488 used to find the accurate mass of the neutron as well as a signal of the use of holography in the universe
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[175] viXra:1911.0186 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-12 18:58:52

Tutorial: Binary Star Masses from Newton's Laws

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 4 Pages.

By Newton's Third Law the gravitational forces on the two stars of a binary system are equal and opposite, so the acceleration of each star is inversely proportional to its mass, which yields the ratio of the two stars' masses. However the difference of the two stars' gravitational accelerations is proportional to the sum of their masses; it is also inversely proportional to the square of their vector separation, so that vector separation traces out an elliptical orbit. The orbit's period plus its major axis length yields the sum of the stars' masses. The complete orbit isn't required; five or more of the points which lie on an ellipse determine it, and the orbit sweeps out the area enclosed by the ellipse at a constant rate.
Category: Astrophysics

[174] viXra:1911.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-10 20:56:18

Hopf Field Unification Plan

Authors: Jennifer Lorraine Nielsen
Comments: 1 Page.

Unification via the Hopf field and the Beltrami flux
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[173] viXra:1911.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-10 04:05:32

Without a Varicella Zoster Virus Infection, no Schizophrenia

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 17 pages. Copyright © 2018 by Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany. Published by:

Objective: Despite decades of research and major efforts, a cause or the cause of schizophrenia is still not identified. Although many studies indicate that infectious agents are related to schizophrenia no definite consensus has been reached on this issue. Methods: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationship between varicella zoster virus (VZS) and schizophrenia while relying on new statistical methods. Results: The meta-analysis results provide striking evidence that VZV is a necessary condition of schizophrenia. Conclusions: There is some weak evidence that VZV infection is the cause of schizophrenia. Keywords: Varicella zoster virus, schizophrenia, causal relationship.
Category: Statistics

[172] viXra:1911.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-10 10:39:24

Refutation of Tense Logic and Display to Labelled Proofs Back Again for Tense Logics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate tense logic (Kt) as an extension of K. The equation for A→□A is not tautologous, hence refuting Kt. What follows is that the conjecture of display to labelled proofs and back again for tense logic is not confirmed. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[171] viXra:1911.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 13:58:34

The Cosmological Redshift is Compatible with the Aether, But not with Special Relativity

Authors: Dino Bruniera
Comments: The file contains two versions of the paper: English, pages 1-3 and Italian, pages 4-6

The observations show that the apparent brightness of type Ia supernovae with high redshift, is about 25% lower than that expected. Which, according to the present paper, shows that the cosmological redshift cannot indicate the expansion of space. So since Special Relativity is compatible with the cosmological redshift only if it indicates the expansion of space, the demonstration that does not indicate it, proves that Special Relativity is not compatible with it. For the theories of the aether, on the other hand, the cosmological redshift may not indicate the expansion of space, therefore they are compatible with it.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[170] viXra:1911.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 16:00:44

Lorentz Length Contraction Analysis (SR Discussions)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 5 Pages.

Particle Nature (Definition) depends On Light Velocity 1- Particle Nature Absolute Meaning Special theory of relativity states that If a particle (with length L0) travels by speed of light (approximately), it will suffer from Lorentz length contraction and be seen with a contracted length (L1) So – the question is - "What's happened For The Particle Own Nature?" The theory states "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"! We have 2 directions to choose from: (1st) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature doesn't change and the contracted length is seen by us as a wrong vision (as mirage) but the particle length itself has no real change Or (2nd) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature changes with this motion – and by such way – the particle nature should be created relative to speed of light! I choose the 2nd choice- Why? Because – the 1st choice tells us that – The particle own nature is defined clearly when no difference in motions velocities between me and this particle – that means – I'm The Universe Reference Point – and this is similar to a person looks at a mirror Specifically for the previous reason we should refuse the assumption that "Particle Own Nature doesn't Change" or the statement "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"…. In fact ….Particle length is changed already Let's consider this point with some deep analysis in following: We deal here with the assumption "Particle length doesn’t change and the contracted length is only an imaginary vision" How do we measure the particle length in static case (before any motion)? and how do we measure the moving particle length? Where we use The Same Methods in both cases – practically and logically – we have to consider both results are equal in power – no result is better than the other because both are produced by the same methods of measurements.. Although I consider that –Particle in static should be considered as a special case because it moves by my velocity – means – instead to choose any other velocity the particle chooses to move by my velocity which makes it specific case for particle different motions cases So the analysis tells us that – the particle different velocities motions is the general case and static situation (relative to me) is a special one Spite of that SR states "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"! I mean – if the theory means – the proper length will stay with particle during its motion – that means – the special case is used here as a general one – and depending on it all other parameters are created Conclusion (1) Particle own length is contracted by high velocity (light velocity approximately) Because I'm not "The Universe Reference Point" I refuse the statement "The Proper Length L0 Never Change" (2) Light Velocity should be a player in Human Realization Process Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[169] viXra:1911.0180 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 06:50:44

Prime Sextuplet Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Prime Sextuplet and Twin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Prime Sextuplet are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Prime Sextuplet are generated only at (6n -1)(6n+5). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Prime Sextuplet are 48/3 times of the sixth power distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Prime Quintuplet is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Prime Sextuplet continue to be generated. If Prime Sextuplet is finite, the Primes is finite. The probability of Prime Sextuplet 48/3 times of the sixth power probability of appearance of the Prime. This is contradictory. Because there are an infinite of Primes. That is, Prime Sextuplet exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[168] viXra:1911.0179 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 18:54:39

Prime Quintuplet Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 5 Pages.

Prime Quintuplet and Twin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Prime Quintuplet are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Prime Quintuplet are generated only at (6n -1)(6n+5). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Prime Quintuplet are 96/3 times of the 5th power distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Prime Quintuplet is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Prime Quintuplet continue to be generated. If Prime Quintuplet is finite, the Primes is finite. The probability of Prime Quintuplet 96/3 times of the 5th power probability of appearance of the Prime. This is contradictory. Because there are an infinite of Primes. That is, Prime Quintuplet exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[167] viXra:1911.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 01:22:55

Unified Theory

Authors: Pastushenko Vladimir
Comments: 6 Pages. Unified theory

Unified theory
Category: Astrophysics

[166] viXra:1911.0177 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 17:13:24

Sexy Primes Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Sexy Primes Conjecture were prooved. Sexy Primes and Twin Primes and Cousin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Primes are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Sexy Primes are generated only at (6n+1)(6n -1). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Sexy Primes are 8/3 times the square of the distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Sexy Primes is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Sexy Primes continue to be generated. If Sexy Primes is finite, the Primes is finite. Because, Sexy Primes are 8/3 times the square of the distribution of primes. This is contradictory. Since there are an infinite of Primes. That is, Sexy Primes exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[165] viXra:1911.0176 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-13 00:38:23

Energy Analysis of a Null Electromagnetic Wave

Authors: ‪Moshe Segal‬‏
Comments: 23 Pages.

This article summarizes a research based on a thinking exercise relating to electric charges, electromagnetic traveling waves and energy, which results in surprising, new and important insights into the nature of electric charges, electromagnetic traveling waves, photons, and energy. This thinking exercise started with the attempt to provide an answer to the following question: is it possible to detect a Null electromagnetic traveling wave, which is a wave that does not contain any electric or magnetic fields? Analysis of the above question shows that any answer to that question provides surprising and important new insights. The article provides a description of how to implement such a Null electromagnetic wave, and it also provides a description of how to carry on a lab experiment which might provide answers to the above question. As already mentioned above, any answer to the above question results in providing surprising and new insights to issues such as: Photons, which are the particle manifestation of electromagnetic traveling waves, oscillate between two states, an oscillation that is synchronized to the oscillations of the electric and magnetic fields in the electromagnetic traveling wave which carries this photon. This also explains why the energy embedded in a photon is proportional to the frequency of oscillation of the electromagnetic traveling wave which carries this photon. Energies embedded in electric charges, electric or magnetic fields and photon, can, in certain circumstances, seem as annihilating each other, but actually exist together as potential Energy Pairs that only disable each other from operation, which only seemingly, or apparently, looks as annihilating each other. The Dark Energy might be consolidating electromagnetic waves which consolidate and continue to travel in the same direction. The Energy Pairs theory mentioned above provide an explanation to the charge disappearance mystery in electron positron collisions. Electric Charges are a form of energy as Mass is recognized being a form of energy. There is no such thing as Complete Emptiness. Complete Emptiness is actually a state containing Energy Pairs that disable each other, which only seem to be a state that does not contain any energy.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[164] viXra:1911.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 03:41:48

Interference at the Nanoscale

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

It also provides new theoretical frameworks and models for working with sophisticated electron microscopes, like the facilities present at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A collaboration between the lab of Judy Cha, the Carol and Douglas Melamed Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science, and IBM's Watson Research Center could help make a potentially revolutionary technology more viable for manufacturing. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[163] viXra:1911.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 04:11:04

On the Construction of a Regular Heptagon by Straightedge and Compass

Authors: Henry Wong
Comments: 1 Page.

An addendum to field theory.
Category: Algebra

[162] viXra:1911.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:09:01

Energy Density of a Vacuum Observed by Background Radiation

Authors: Filip Kozarski
Comments: Four pages, no figures. Known physics, new results.

In the paper zero-point energy density of free photons is estimated for an empty space surrounded by — and observed by — a bath of thermal background photons. Interpreting the results, the outline of the cosmological arrow of time is suggested.
Category: Quantum Physics

[161] viXra:1911.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 04:40:07

Photosynthesis by X-Ray Pules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

In a new study, led by Petra Fromme and Nadia Zatsepin at the Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery, the School of Molecular Sciences and the Department of Physics at ASU, researchers investigated the structure of Photosystem I (PSI) with ultrashort X-ray pulses at the European X-ray Free Electron Laser (EuXFEL), located in Hamburg, Germany. [14] Researchers have discovered a new role for protein vibrations in controlling the transformation of sunshine into useful energy. [13] University Professor of Applied Physics Stephen Arnold and his team at the New York University Tandon School of Engineering have made a discovery that could lead to Star Trek-like biosensor devices capable of flagging the barest presence in blood of a specific virus or antibody, or protein marker for a specific cancer; or sniffing out airborne chemical warfare agents while they are still far below toxic levels. [12]
Category: Physics of Biology

[160] viXra:1911.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:00:50

Quantum Internet Future

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

This proposal represents a new step towards quantum information networks, since it sets a solid theoretical framework on what is physically possible in the field of automated classification and distribution of quantum information. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[159] viXra:1911.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:20:34

Deep Learning Convert Images

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25] Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[158] viXra:1911.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:29:41

Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

Quantum mechanics and the general theory of relativity form the bedrock of the current understanding of physics—yet the two theories don't seem to work together. [48] A ground-breaking study conducted by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has revealed a method of using quantum mechanical wave theories to "lock" heat into a fixed position. [47] Researchers at the University of Konstanz have recently carried out a study exploring the quantum states of light and vacuum fluctuations, as well as their interplay with time. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[157] viXra:1911.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 07:06:25

Physics Mathematical Approximations

Authors: Harry A Watson
Comments: 4 Pages.

There are many ad hoc expressions for the mass ratio of the proton to the electron. the models presented here are different from others in that they rely strictly on volumes and areas. One geometry is based on ellipsoids constructed with values taken from one of the two number sets: {(4pi), (4pi-1/pi), (4pi-2/pi)} or {(4pi+2), (4pi-2), (4pi-2/pi)}. The product of the three values of each number set approximates the value given by CODATA for the mass ratio of the proton to the electron. Another approximate is formed from a solid ball of radius, r = (4pi-1/pi), with a conical sector, wedge, or internal ellipsoid removed. Each extracted solid has curved surface area of (4pi-1/pi)/(pi^2). With the advent of the Higg’s Boson, its value can be approximated by H^0 = (4pi)(4pi-1/pi)(4pi-2/pi)(4pi-3/pi)(4pi-4/pi). Define the function F as follows: Let the initial set be the positive integers, the final set be the real numbers, and the rule assigning each member of the initial set to one member of the final set: F(m) =(4pi)...(4pi-(m-1)/pi). Conclusion: The function F(2)=1836.15... approximates the experimental value of the mass ratio of the proton to the electron and F(4) approximates the mass ratio of the Higg's Boson to the electron. The neutron-to-electron ratio is approximated with ln(4pi)+F(2). Email: harry.watson@att.net
Category: Mathematical Physics

[156] viXra:1911.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 07:33:40

Imaging Limits by Information Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Narimanov has gone a step further in abstracting the imaging process by only considering information transfer, independently of how that information is encoded. [26] A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25] Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[155] viXra:1911.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 07:42:23

Speed of Light Mathematics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

AMOLF researchers and their collaborators from the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC/CUNY) in New York have created a nanostructured surface capable of performing on-the-fly mathematical operations on an input image. [27] Narimanov has gone a step further in abstracting the imaging process by only considering information transfer, independently of how that information is encoded. [26] A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[154] viXra:1911.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 07:57:50

Frequency Combs Shape Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Today, optical frequency combs (OFCs) are routinely employed in applications as diverse as time and frequency metrology, spectroscopy, telecommunications, and fundamental physics. [28] AMOLF researchers and their collaborators from the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC/CUNY) in New York have created a nanostructured surface capable of performing on-the-fly mathematical operations on an input image. [27] Narimanov has gone a step further in abstracting the imaging process by only considering information transfer, independently of how that information is encoded. [26] A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[153] viXra:1911.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 08:46:50

Benefits and Harms of Relativism for Fundamental Science

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 6 Pages, 1 Figure

This article was published by me in English 2000 in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Space” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 36-41. In this article, I drew attention to the controversial issue of the contradictions of relativism at that time. Then many physicists believed that the action of relativism is possible only in an absolutely empty vacuum of space. This was contrary to my concept of quantized space-time consisting of quantons. I had to unite relativity and the concept of quantized space-time. I came to the conclusion that the principle of relativity is a fundamental property of quantized space-time. I found that every object of the universe from an elementary particle to cosmological objects obeys the principle of spherical invariance and it behaves as an independent center a relatively of quantized space-time, being its part. This idea was set forth in detail by me in my monograph: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs.
Category: Quantum Physics

[152] viXra:1911.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 09:17:56

Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Space (Eqs)

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 41 Pages, 17 Figures

I have read these four reports at the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia. My reports were published as a separate brochure "Four reports on the theory of elastic quantized space (EQS)" in the conference proceedings. In this publication I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs.
Category: Quantum Physics

[151] viXra:1911.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 10:07:59

Forecasting the Effect of Heat Stress Index and Climate Change on Cloud Data Center Energy Consumption

Authors: Vikas Ramachandra
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, we estimate the effect of heat stress index (a measure which takes into account rising temperatures as well as humidity) on data center energy consumption. We use forecasting models to predict future energy use by data centers, taking into account rising temperature scenarios. We compare those estimates with baseline forecasted energy consumption (without heat stress index or rising temperature correction) and present the result that there is a sizeable and significant difference in the two forecasts. We show that rising temperatures will cause a negative impact on data center energy consumption, increasing it by about 8 percent, and conclude that data center energy consumption analyses and forecasts must include the effects of heat stress index and rising temperatures and other climate change related effects.
Category: Climate Research

[150] viXra:1911.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 10:23:05

Thorium Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A group of scientists led by Artem Oganov of Skoltech and the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and Ivan Troyan of the Institute of Crystallography of RAS has succeeded in synthesizing thorium decahydride (ThH10), a new superconducting material with the very high critical temperature of 161 kelvins. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed a method to accurately measure the "exact edge" or onset at which a magnetic field enters a superconducting material. [19]
Category: Condensed Matter

[149] viXra:1911.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 10:30:02

Massive Black Holes Mergers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. along with one in India and one in Hungary has created simulations that could explain how larger than expected black holes could form near supermassive black holes at the center of galaxies. [31] These results, important for the construction of new theoretical models and for the development of new hypotheses about the nature of dark matter, offer much more precise indications for tracing the intricate path to understanding one of the largest mysteries of the cosmos. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[148] viXra:1911.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 11:40:52

“AI” Physics – Atomic Structure – Part 2.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 21 Pages.

In the first paper on Atomic Structure, Artificial Intelligence (AI) was used to explore the structure of the atom by analyzing the results of established experiments on ionization energies and spectral emissions. In this paper, the findings of AI Physics - Energy Fields are used to further analyze the nature of sub-atomic particles. Analysis of radio-isotope decay leads to proposals on the structure of the atom, and Energy Field theory leads to alternative explanations for the structure of the nucleus, the nature of the crystal lattice, and the nature of molecular structure.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[147] viXra:1911.0158 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-11 10:26:07

Space is Open But Time is Closed-Topologically

Authors: Kaushal Timilsina
Comments: 5 Pages. I have no basis for saying whether these things are correct. I just try to explore creative ideas.

The main idea in String theory is that particles are not points but a self-evolving (vibrating) quantum of fields. From this idea, we explore how this means that particles can feel their own fields and what that might mean topologically. We also see that the central idea in any theory of quantum gravity should perhaps be that the quantum of fields is not static but rather dynamic.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[146] viXra:1911.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 12:44:42

Solving the Container Shipment Problem with the Focus on Special Goods (Dangerous and Fragile) Using Genetic Algorithms

Authors: Walter Zimmer, Carsten Mueller
Comments: 8 Pages.

An optimum usage of the shipping space is calculated using genetic algorithms. The objective of the optimization is the maximization of loaded container of type dangerous and the minimization of the unused shipping space. The minimization of the unused shipping space has to be preferred against the maximization of the loaded container of type dangerous. Statistical evalutations were done and the usage of various parameters was analysed.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[145] viXra:1911.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 14:10:21

Nonconvex Stochastic Nested Optimization via Stochastic ADMM

Authors: Zhongruo Wang
Comments: 28 Pages.

We consider the stochastic nested composition optimization problem where the objective is a composition of two expected-value functions. We proposed the stochastic ADMM to solve this complicated objective. In order to find an $\epsilon$ stationary point where the expected norm of the subgradient of corresponding augmented Lagrangian is smaller than $\epsilon$, the total sample complexity of our method is $\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{-3})$ for the online case and $\cO \Bigl((2N_1 + N_2) + (2N_1 + N_2)^{1/2}\epsilon^{-2}\Bigr)$ for the finite sum case. The computational complexity is consistent with proximal version proposed in \cite{zhang2019multi}, but our algorithm can solve more general problem when the proximal mapping of the penalty is not easy to compute.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[144] viXra:1911.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 14:45:07

Relativism as a Special Case of Newton's Classical Mechanics

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 11 Pages, 2 Figures

This article was published by me in English 2000 in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Medium.” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 14-23. In this article I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs. In the theory of Superunification, I have unified relativism and classical mechanics as unique properties of quantized space-time.
Category: Quantum Physics

[143] viXra:1911.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 14:52:55

How does Measurement Affect the Real Result?

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The real mass of the W boson is 80.423 GeV but we explain why experiments should give 80.388 GeV - this result is consistent with the PDG experimental value 80.379(12) GeV. We also answered the question of how measurements change the real masses of particles.
Category: Quantum Physics

[142] viXra:1911.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 15:31:04

Spherical Invariance in the Development of Absolute Cosmological Model

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 12 Pages, 6 Figures

This article was published by me in English 2000 in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Medium.” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 24-35. In this article I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs. In the end, I came to the conclusion that the principle of relativity is a fundamental property of quantized space-time. I found that every object of the universe from an elementary particle to cosmological objects obeys the principle of spherical invariance and it behaves as an independent center a relatively of quantized space-time, being its part.
Category: Quantum Physics

[141] viXra:1911.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 18:41:08

Quantum Entanglement and Application

Authors: Zibo Wang
Comments: 5 Pages.

Quantum entanglement, a phenomenon occurring when states of pairs or groups of particles cannot be described independently, is one of the most ‘spooky action’ but truly exists. In this paper, entangled states and few of its application is introduced.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[140] viXra:1911.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 18:42:52

Quantum Game Theory

Authors: Zibo Wang
Comments: 10 Pages.

Game theory has wide implementation on many fields of study. With more recent development in quantum computation and quantum information, we are able to study games with rule of quantum mechanics. This paper consists two part: in first part, basic knowledge of game theory is briefly recalled, and prisoner’s dilemma is introduced; in second part, how quantum version game is differ from classical is discussed, and an analysis quantum version of prisoner’s dilemma is presented.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[139] viXra:1911.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 23:52:06

Quanglebit and Hopf Fiber Fields - Two Projects in Progress

Authors: Jennifer Lorraine Nielsen
Comments: 1 Page.

A description of two related proposed projects in mathematical quantum physics are presented, each involving the Hopf fibration, one providing steps towards defining a unit measure of quantum information, a quanglebit, and the other towards redefining the fields [EM and QFT] and Schrodinger equation on the Hopf fiber bundle.
Category: Quantum Physics

[138] viXra:1911.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 01:01:16

Report on Visit of Architects Sitka and Kaserer in Saalfelden, and Social Center Pillertal in Fieberbrunn Near St. Johann, in Tyrol, Austria, We. 13 Mar. 2019

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer
Comments: 6 Pages. 15 figures (mostly photos).

Part I. At the architect’s office Sitka and Kaserer, describes a meeting with Mr. A. Planegger, the architect of the Social Center Pillerseetal in Fieberbrunn, which is constructed with prefabricated modern cross laminated timber (CLT) modules, sustainable, cost efficient, and highly energy efficient. Part II: Visit of the Social Center Pillerseetal, describes a tour through the Social Center, guided by Director of Care Mr. Herbert Breitmayer. The biggest discovery is the unbelievable success of consequently putting Dr. Maria Riedl's "Integrative Care Concept" into practice.
Category: Social Science

[137] viXra:1911.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 04:45:16

Universe, Multiverse and TIME.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 14 Pages. Reality of our existence in time.

The concept of time in multiverse.
Category: Classical Physics

[136] viXra:1911.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 07:31:00

Role of Superstrong Interaction in Synthesis of Elementary Particles

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 11 Pages, 8 Figures

This article was published by me in English in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Medium.” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 3-13. In this article I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs.
Category: Quantum Physics

[135] viXra:1911.0144 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 16:58:49

Prime Quadruplet Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Prime Quadruplet and Twin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Prime Quadruplet are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Prime Quadruplet are generated only at (6n -1)(6n+5). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Prime Quadruplet are 16/3 of the fourth power distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Prime Quadruplet is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Cousin Primes continue to be generated. If Prime Quadruplet is finite, the Primes is finite. The probability of Prime Quadruplet 16/3 of the fourth power probability of appearance of the Prime. This is contradictory. Because there are an infinite of Primes. That is, Prime Quadruplet exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[134] viXra:1911.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 07:37:42

Nanophotonic Synchrotron-Like Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Vacuum fluctuations just a few nanometres from the surface of a material can cause a passing beam of relativistic electrons to emit X-rays and other high-frequency electromagnetic radiation — according to calculations done by scientists in the US, Israel and Singapore. [31] A simple, passive photonic structure made only of glass and air bubbles could perform artificial neural computing for applications in areas like facial recognition. [30] Most artificial intelligence (AI) systems try to replicate biological mechanisms and behaviors observed in nature. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[133] viXra:1911.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 07:59:07

Machine Learning Light-Beam

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Nishimura said that the buzzwords "artificial intelligence" seem to have trended in and out of the research community for many years, though, "This time it finally seems to be something real." [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26] Scientists from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a way to use machine learning to dramatically accelerate the design of microbes that produce biofuel. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[132] viXra:1911.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 08:44:37

Floating Atoms Measure Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

A team of researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, has found a new way to measure gravity—by noting differences in atoms in a supposition state, suspended in the air by lasers. [20] An international group of astronomers, including physicists at the University of St Andrews, has revived a previously debunked theory of gravity, arguing that motions within dwarf galaxies would be slower if close to a massive galaxy. [19] While last year's discovery of gravitational waves from colliding neutron stars was earth-shaking, it won't add extra dimensions to our understanding of the universe—not literal ones, at least. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[131] viXra:1911.0140 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-11 17:03:06

Mass Spectrum for Leptons and Quarks

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I hypothesize that the mass spectrum of the standard model is infinite, and I try to evaluate a simple formula for the masses.
Category: Classical Physics

[130] viXra:1911.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 09:33:49

Monte Carlo based Algorithm for Scoring Grid Systems

Authors: Syed Haseeb Shah
Comments: 3 Pages.

We evaluate Monte Carlo based algorithm for scoring grid systems. The former were used to describe features of the area under study. This was done to select suitable features for City Information Modelling. These algorithms measures path of shortest distance. However, shortest distance does not always ensures shortest time. The algorithm works by pairing multiple iterations of two random numbers in a polygon. The mean of shortest path between these points is calculated. Thus grid systems with shorter paths will return a lower value as compared to grid systems with longer paths. This was applied to GIS systems in urban planning to rate the feasibility of different grid systems. It is a heuristic algorithm that tells us to about the nature of grid system. Instead of measuring the geometry of every path in a grid it eases the workflow of an urban planner by automation.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[129] viXra:1911.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 09:32:49

Causality in Quantum Field Theory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 96 Pages.

Two researchers at the University of Massachusetts and Universidade Federal Rural in Rio de Janeiro have recently carried out a study discussing and synthesizing some of the key aspects of causality in quantum field theory. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55]
Category: Quantum Physics

[128] viXra:1911.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 13:26:36

50 Most Important Papers in MHCE8S Theory

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 2 Pages. I am not sure who evaluated my work but I have a strong idea who it must have been

Abstract: 50 of my short publications as of september 4, 2019 were found to be of 4 levels of importance : ( I note that 50 is a magic number of physics)
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[127] viXra:1911.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 15:06:59

The Higgs field and the Grid Dimensions

Authors: Eran Sinbar
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Higgs boson (or Higgs particle), that was confirmed on 2012 in the ATLAS detector at CERN is supposed to be a quantum excitation of the condensate field which fills our universe and is responsible for the mass of elementary particles and is named the Higgs field. In this paper I will explain why this Higgs field is part of new dimensions which I refer to as the Grid extra dimensions (or grid dimensions). This paper will explain what are the expected measurements regarding the Higgs boson (particle) based on this assumption. In this paper I will show what will be the future measured evidence that the Higgs particle measured at the particle accelerators is a quantum excitation of the Grid dimensions themselves. This exciting evidence will enable us for the first time to probe new dimensions and open our perspectives to accept the option of extra dimensions and many worlds staggered within our known universe. This understanding might enable future communication through these dimensions between the staggered worlds themselves. Modern Physics has two leading theories that contradict each other: (1) The Einstein’s deterministic, local “smooth” General Relativity theory for the large scale with the relativistic behavior and the limitation on the speed of light in all the inertial reference frames. (2) Quantum theory with the quantized characteristics, non-local Schrodinger wave equations with its probabilistic behavior and the collapse of the wave function or the many worlds interpretation of Hugh Everett. The Heisenberg uncertainty principle which is dependent on the Planck constant, the photonic energy which is dependent on Planck constant, the chaotic behavior of physics below the Planck length and Planck time, the non-local behavior of entanglement, the delayed choice quantum eraser, the Bekenstein – Hawking black hole entropy calculation and the Einstein special relativity limitation on the speed of light in all the inertial frames of reference, lead me to look for a new disruptive structure of the space-time fabric. One option is to quantize space into three dimensional “space cells” in the size of Planck length l_P in each dimension and to quantize time into time pulses (Planck time).Our understanding of time is dependent on the number of Planck pulses that we count and for each Planck pulse, a physical step in the length of Planck length can occur with a probability between zero to one. A massless photon has a probability of one to pass one Planck length for each pulse of Planck time and that is the limitation of the velocity in each frame of reference and it is defined as the speed of light. An elementary particle which has mass has a probability lower than one to pass one Planck length for each pulse of Planck time. The exciting question is what divides our fabric of space-time to these space cells and time pulses, and my assumption is that there are extra non local space time dimensions stretched like a four dimensional greed between the space cells and the time pulses. Another way to imagine the space feature of the grid dimensions is by imagining a three dimensional extra non local space in which our known three dimensional space cells are floating ,vibrating, moving, turning, flipping or rotating like ice cubes(space cells) in water (grid extra dimensions) . The probability to move from one space cell to the next for each Planck pulse of time is correlated to the mass of the elementary particle, where a photon with zero mass has a probability of one. Based on that I assume that the Higgs field is part of the extra grid dimensions. This paper will show a way to test this thesis.
Category: Quantum Physics

[126] viXra:1911.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 15:13:30

Hidden Energy of a Particle (Body). Energy Balance

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

The energy of a particle (body) inside a quantized space-time has a hidden energy. When the speed of the particle is increased, the increase of the dynamic energy of the particle takes place as a result of the decrease of its hidden component, ensuring the balance of energy. As a result, the energy of a particle (body) is the energy turning into the real energy from its hidden form inside the quantized space-time. The hidden form of energy explains to us the reasons for the growth of energy when there is an increase in the speed of a particle (body). The source of energy of a particle (body) is the spherical deformation of quantized space-time which provides us with the equivalence of mass and energy. Mass has its birth from the quantized space-time. Mass is a bunch of energy of a spherically deformed quantized space-time. Mass is the energy of spherical deformation of the quantum density of the medium inside the quantized space-time. This fact was established and mathematically described by me in the theory of Superunification [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[125] viXra:1911.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 15:39:37

Artificial Intelligence and the General Publics View of Empathy in Machines.

Authors: S G Woodard
Comments: 6 Pages.

There &re m&ny commonly held justific&tions &g&inst the prolifer&tion &rtifici&l intelligence. One of the most common brought forth by the gener&l public is th&t m&ny in th&t m&ny feel &rtifici&l intelligence would not qu&lify &s hum&n or would l&ck hum&nity. The definition used by m&ny is not the biologic&l definition but inste&d & philosophic&l definition b&sed on & mix of hum&n or &bove hum&n intelligence &nd emp&thy. These definitions c&n be both erroneous &nd unproductive.
Category: Social Science

[124] viXra:1911.0132 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-11 08:03:34

Dutch Governor Van Heemstra of Suriname: Humanitarian or Imperialist?

Authors: Dutch Governor van Heemstra of Suriname: humanitarian or imperialist?
Comments: 6 pages, in English

The grave impact hundreds of years Dutch colonialism and slavery had on the socioeconomic situation and health of the Surinamese is not reflected in Steensma and colleagu's Stamp vignette on medical science; Mayo Clin Proc. 2019;94:e111-e112., about the Dutch colonial governor of Suriname, A. van Heemstra.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[123] viXra:1911.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 19:33:45

The Conceptual Fallacy at the Heart of Big Bang Cosmology

Authors: Anton Biermans
Comments: 107 Pages.

As big bang cosmology conceives of the universe as an object which has certain properties and at any time is in some particular state as a whole, this raises the question relative to what it can have those properties and be in that state if by definition there is nothing outside of it. If when there would only be a single electrically charged particle in the universe, it cannot express its charge in interactions, then it cannot be charged itself, so charge -any property- must be something which lives within particle interactions, so in a universe which creates itself out of nothing, particles, particle properties must be as much the cause as the effect of their interactions. If an object only can be said to exist, to have a property if it can express that property in interactions with something else, then in speaking about the properties and state of the universe we state that there is something outside of it relative to which it exists, with which it interacts, to which it owes its properties: that it has been created by some outside intervention. If conservation laws imply that the universe cannot have properties, be in some particular state as a whole as ‘seen’ from the outside, then it also cannot have particular properties, be in any particular state as a whole as seen from within, then time cannot be observed to pass at the same pace everywhere, the universe live in a time continuum not of its own making. If when particles are cause and effect of their interactions, their communication is instant –not over any space distance but over any spacetime distance– then the speed of light, while obviously a limit to the velocity of objects, doesn’t refer to the motion of light but to a property of spacetime.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[122] viXra:1911.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 00:55:27

Exploring IoT/Smart Devices based Multi-disciplinary Informatics Research Using Minsky Machines & Machine Learning With C++.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Exploring IoT/Smart Devices based Multi-disciplinary Informatics Research Using Minsky Machines & Machine Learning With C++.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[121] viXra:1911.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 01:39:07

Smaller Proton Radius

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 86 Pages.

Using the first new method in half a century for measuring the size of the proton via electron scattering, the PRad collaboration has produced a new value for the proton's radius in an experiment conducted at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. [47] Ten years ago, just about any nuclear physicist could tell you the approximate size of the proton. But that changed in 2010, when atomic physicists unveiled a new method that promised a more precise measurement. [46] "Spin has surprises. Everybody thought it's simple … and it turns out it's much more complicated," Aschenauer says. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission-and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP)-the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[120] viXra:1911.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 02:38:29

Robust Quaternion Estimation with Geometric Algebra

Authors: Mauricio Cele Lopez Belon
Comments: 11 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

Robust methods for finding the best rotation aligning two sets of corresponding vectors are formulated in the linear algebra framework, using tools like the SVD for polar decomposition or QR for finding eigenvectors. Those are well established numerical algorithms which on the other hand are iterative and computationally expensive. Recently, closed form solutions has been proposed in the quaternion’s framework, those methods are fast but they have singularities i.e., they completely fail on certain input data. In this paper we propose a robust attitude estimator based on a formulation of the problem in Geometric Algebra. We find the optimal eigen-quaternion in closed form with high accuracy and with competitive performance respect to the fastest methods reported in literature.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[119] viXra:1911.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 05:12:24

Hidden Mass of a Particle (Body). Mass Balance

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

The mass of a particle (body) inside a quantized space-time has a hidden mass and a hidden energy. When the speed of the particle is increased, the increase of the dynamic mass of the particle takes place as a result of the decrease of its imaginary component, ensuring the balance of mass. As a result, the mass of a particle (body) is the mass turning into the real mass from its hidden form inside the quantized space-time. The hidden form of mass explains to us the reasons for the growth of mass when there is an increase in the speed of a particle (body). The source of mass of a particle (body) is the spherical deformation of quantized space-time. Mass has its birth from the quantized space-time. This fact was established and mathematically described by me in the theory of Superunification [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[118] viXra:1911.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 05:27:56

Treatment to Stroke Patients

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Swarms of nanoparticles which are 15,000 times smaller than a pinhead may be able to deliver vital drugs to the brain, offering new hope to patients in the early stages of a stroke. [42] An international team of researchers has used nanoparticles to deliver a drug—one that previously failed in clinical trials for pain—into specific compartments of nerve cells, dramatically increasing its ability to treat pain in mice and rats. [41] MIT engineers have shown that they can enhance the performance of drug-delivery nanoparticles by controlling a trait of chemical structures known as chirality—the "handedness" of the structure. [40]
Category: Physics of Biology

[117] viXra:1911.0123 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-11 01:31:06

A Correction in the Distance Formula

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

Physicists/mathematicians/etc don't realize that the distance formula (s=vt) is incorrect, the distance (s) is not the speed (v) times time (t). That formula contains an error, and that error has devastating consequences for certain theories/conclusions.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[116] viXra:1911.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 08:06:18

Theory with a Finite Mass Gap

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Here we present how neutrinos acquire their masses and how internal structure of the neutrinos leads to the volumetric quantum confinement described within the Neutrino Quantum Gravity (NQG). Such confinement is responsible for mass of the condensates/scalars that are made of the Einstein-spacetime components (they are the neutrino-antineutrino pairs). Mean distance between such pairs in the two-component spacetime is slightly larger than the range of NQG.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[115] viXra:1911.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 08:24:33

The Absolute Smallest Possible Money Unit! When Money Crashes into the Laws of Physics

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, we demonstrate that there is an absolute physical limit on how small the smallest money unit can be, no matter how much we are able to improve our technology. The smallest money unit seems to be directly linked to the smallest possible energy unit needed to store one bit. If the smallest money unit is smaller than the cost of energy of storing one bit then there seems to be an arbitrage, which will also constrain money producers such as central banks from issuing money with a smaller denomination than this minimum money unit. Keywords: Money units, money creation, arbitrage, information theory, Launder limit, the Planck constant.
Category: Economics and Finance

[114] viXra:1911.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 09:28:16

Психика человека в образе формальной модели диалектической логики управления её жизнеобеспечивающими функциями

Authors: Кондратенко Виктория Александровна
Comments: 9 Pages. на русском языке

Концептуальные знания о жизнедеятельности каждой исследуемой функциональной системы человека должны предшествовать описанию сущности логики управления ею. Психика человека является одной из важнейших функциональных систем его организма. В статье представлены основополагающие концепты жизнедеятельности этой системы, которые позволят выявить сущность диалектической логики управления еѐ жизнеобеспечивающими функциями. Однако и акцентированию внимания естествоиспытателей-биологов на отсутствие необходимых знаний в области диалектической логики управления функциональной системой психики человека также уделено особое внимание, так как страдает процесс формализации знаний в области теоретической медицины, касающихся жизнедеятельности функциональной системы психики человека. Именно этим специалистам, как никому лучше, видно, какие знания и каким путѐм могут быть получены за минимальное время. Освещению этих проблем и посвящена статья.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[113] viXra:1911.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 10:28:44

The Exact Mass of Tau Lepton

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The predicted within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) the exact mass of the tau lepton is 1776.833 MeV. It is consistent with experimental result: 1776.86 +- 0.12 MeV. We claim that higher accuracy of measurement should give a result with the central value closer to the SST value.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[112] viXra:1911.0117 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-07 18:44:43

Refutation of Leibnitz’ Indiscernibility of Identicals and Identity of Indiscernibles

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate Leibnitz’ law(s) of indiscernibility of identicals and identity of indiscernibles which are not equivalents, and the latter is not tautologous. The contradicts Leibnitz’ law of identity of indiscernibles. We also note that second-order expressions are expressible as first-order expressions because of the equivalence of respective quantifiers and modal operators in VŁ4. The results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[111] viXra:1911.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 12:19:15

Analyzing Some Parts of Ramanujan’s Manuscripts. Mathematical Connections Between Several Ramanujan’s Equations, the Rogers-Ramanujan Continued Fractions and the Dilaton Value.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 117 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed some parts of Ramanujan’s Manuscripts and obtained new mathematical connections between several Ramanujan’s equations, the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fractions and the Dilaton value.
Category: Number Theory

[110] viXra:1911.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 18:56:03

General Order Differentials and Division by Zero Calculus

Authors: Saburou Saitoh
Comments: 9 Pages. In this paper, we will give several examples that in the general order $n$ differentials of functions we find the division by zero and by applying the division by zero calculus, we can find the good formulas for $n=0$. This viewpoint is new and curious at

In this paper, we will give several examples that in the general order $n$ differentials of functions we find the division by zero and by applying the division by zero calculus, we can find the good formulas for $n=0$. This viewpoint is new and curious at this moment for some general situation. Therefore, as prototype examples, we would like to discuss this property. Why division by zero for zero order representations for some general differential order representations of functions does happen?
Category: Functions and Analysis

[109] viXra:1911.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 21:30:41

Changing Consciousness Epistemically (Chance): an Empirical Method to Convert the Subjective Content of Consciousness Into Scientific Data

Authors: Daisuke Tanaka
Comments: 11 Pages.

The content of consciousness (cC) constitutes an essential part of human life and is at the very heart of the hard problem of consciousness. The cC of a person (e.g., study participant) has been examined indirectly by evaluating the person’s behavioral reports, bodily signs, or neural signals. However, the measures do not reflect the full spectrum of the person’s cC. In this paper, we define a method, called “CHANging Consciousness Epistemically” (CHANCE), to consciously experience a cC that would be identical to that experienced by another person, and thus directly know the entire spectrum of the other’s cC. In addition, the ontologically subjective knowledge about a person’s cC may be considered epistemically objective and scientific data. The CHANCE method comprises two empirical steps: (1) identifying the minimally sufficient, content-specific neural correlates of consciousness (mscNCC) and (2) reproducing a specific mscNCC in different brains.
Category: Mind Science

[108] viXra:1911.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 22:29:11

The Balance of Gravitational Potentials

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

The gravitational state of a particle (body) is characterized by four parameters of the gravitational potentials of the medium inside the quantized space-time. We have: the gravitational potential of undeformed quantized space-time; the gravitational action potential of deformed quantized space-time outside of the particle (body); the gravitational potential of deformed quantized space-time inside a particle (body); the Newton potential of the quantized space-time. This is a fundamentally new method of gravitational analysis based on the quantum theory of gravity. The balance of the gravitational potentials of the gravitational field of a particle (body) inside the deformed quantized space-time is a constant. [1-8].
Category: Quantum Physics

[107] viXra:1911.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 01:12:05

Light Weight Online Signature Verification Framework by Compound Feature Selection and Few-shot Separable Convolution Based Deep Learning

Authors: Chandra Sekhar Vorugunti
Comments: 9 Pages. Submitted to WACV

Online Signature Verification (OSV) is an extensively used biometric trait aims to verify genuineness of a test signature by computing unique features of the signature. The advancements in mobile and communication technologies resulted in usage of computationally sparse mobile devices in critical applications like m-commerce etc., demands for OSV frameworks which are able to classify the dynamic test signature with fewer number of training signature samples and lesser number of features. The recent advancements in Deep Learning (DL) technologies, resulted in exponential improvements of accuracy in traditional tasks like Object Detection, Scene Text Detection etc. The main disrupt in usage of DL based frameworks for OSV is the requirement of extensive number of training samples and larger number of parameters to learn. To overcome the above pitfalls, we propose a novel dimensionality reduction technique which reduces the dimensionality of a feature set from 100 to 3 in case of MCYT-100 and 47 to 3 in case of SVC, SUSIG datasets respectively. In addition to it, we propose a depth wise separable (DWS) convolution based OSV framework which enables one/few shot learning for test signature verification. To inspect the robustness of our proposed dimensionality reduction technique and DWS OSV framework, exhaustive experiments are conducted with three widely used datasets i.e. MCYT-100, SUSIG and SVC. We have attained state of the art EER in majority of experimentation categories compared to many recent and state-of-the art OSV models.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[106] viXra:1911.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 01:41:19

The Nature of the Φ(m) Function

Authors: Wei Zhang
Comments: 6 Pages.

In number theory, for the continuous product formula Π(1-2/p), the meaning is unclear.This paper gives the definition and nature of Φ(m) function, as well as the relationship between Φ(m) and Euler’s totient function φ(m). In number theory, Euler function φ(m) is widely used, Φ(m) function if there are other applications, Some attempts are made in this paper.
Category: Number Theory

[105] viXra:1911.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 02:28:49

Ultrafast Quantum Motion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

KAIST researchers have reported the detection of a picosecond electron motion in a silicon transistor. [30] In quantum physics, some of the most interesting effects are the result of interferences. [29] When Nebraska's Herman Batelaan and colleagues recently submitted a research paper that makes the case for the existence of a non-Newtonian, quantum force, the journal asked that they place "force" firmly within quotes. [28] Computing the dynamics of many interacting quantum particles accurately is a daunting task. There is however a promising calculation method for such systems: tensor networks, which are being researched in the theory division at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[104] viXra:1911.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 02:51:53

Accelerating Nano-Engineering

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Researchers from SMART, MIT's research enterprise in Singapore, have made a groundbreaking discovery that allows scientists to "look" at the surface density of dispersed nanoparticles. [31] KAIST researchers have reported the detection of a picosecond electron motion in a silicon transistor. [30] In quantum physics, some of the most interesting effects are the result of interferences. [29] When Nebraska's Herman Batelaan and colleagues recently submitted a research paper that makes the case for the existence of a non-Newtonian, quantum force, the journal asked that they place "force" firmly within quotes. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[103] viXra:1911.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 03:10:33

Suspended Layers Superconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Associate Professor Justin Ye, head of the Device Physics of Complex Materials group at the University of Groningen, studied superconductivity in a double layer of molybdenum disulfide and discovered new superconducting states. [32] Researchers from SMART, MIT's research enterprise in Singapore, have made a groundbreaking discovery that allows scientists to "look" at the surface density of dispersed nanoparticles. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[102] viXra:1911.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 03:35:10

Nanoparticle Drug Delivery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

MIT engineers have shown that they can enhance the performance of drug-delivery nanoparticles by controlling a trait of chemical structures known as chirality-the "handedness" of the structure. [40] The process, developed by Nagoya University researchers in Japan, could be upscaled for manufacturing purified batches of single-wall carbon nanotubes that can be used in high-performance electronic devices. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31]
Category: Physics of Biology

[101] viXra:1911.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 03:37:43

Grand Unified TheorieS

Authors: Wan-Chung Hu
Comments: 439 Pages.

This book contains theories in physics, chemistry, biology, geosciences, and mathematics. Spinity is a force to drag spacetime to rotate around central mass. Rest mass produces gravity, spinning mass produces spinity; rest charge produces electricity, spinning charge produces magnetism. Gravitospinity Maxwell equations can be obtained. Light is also the gravity wave, and light decides time. Space-time has smallest unit as new Planck volume and Planck time. Flight principle is given. Lightity is dark energy. Photon emitted from galaxy expands the universe acceleratedly via light pressure. General relativity suggests mass induces spacetime curvature; charge relativity suggests charge induces spacetime torsion. There is no dark matter, and spiral galaxies are formed due to charge relativity which replaces quantum electrodynamics. Integrating general relativity, charge relativity, and light pressure, we get 4x4 universe field tensor. The birth and end of universe can be deducted. Unified field theory can also be obtained by integrating electric field, magnetic field, gravity field, spinity field, and temperature field. Combining gravitospinity, electromagnetism, and matter standing wave, I deduct a determinative atom model replacing quantum mechanics. In addition, I propose a new chemical bond theory according to the new atom model. Homochirality is due to co-catalysis of L-amino acids and D-sugars. Extinction is due to Milankovitch cycle. Earthquake is caused by abrupt light release from inner earth which explains electromagnetism/ ionosphere anomaly and intra-tectonic earthquakes replacing plate tectonic earthquake theory. Tornado genesis is related to charge relativity.
Category: Classical Physics

[100] viXra:1911.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 04:06:44

Nanoparticle Pain Relief

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

An international team of researchers has used nanoparticles to deliver a drug-one that previously failed in clinical trials for pain-into specific compartments of nerve cells, dramatically increasing its ability to treat pain in mice and rats. [41] MIT engineers have shown that they can enhance the performance of drug-delivery nanoparticles by controlling a trait of chemical structures known as chirality-the "handedness" of the structure. [40] The process, developed by Nagoya University researchers in Japan, could be upscaled for manufacturing purified batches of single-wall carbon nanotubes that can be used in high-performance electronic devices. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[99] viXra:1911.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 04:24:25

On de Sitter Universe

Authors: Zlatan Stojanovic
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this letter I address the model which stems from the de Sitter space-time. We can consider empty de Sitter space-time as the Universe where space metrics i.e. expansion of space is a consequence of decrease of time elongation during evolution of Universe i.e. curved time. In de Sitter metric this is represented by the relation distance-time elongation and by the acceleration of expansion of space. New model explains that de Sitter cosmological time is proper time of the Universe. The cosmological time curvature interacts with photon's energy from distant galaxies like in classical gravitational redshift. Empty de Sitter represents inertial state of Universe. What this proposal contributes to de Sitter universe is variable cosmological constant i.e. parameter. Cosmological parameter is represented in the change of time curvature which we can correlate to the change of photons' energy of distant galaxies and CMBR in time. Keywords: de Sitter space-time, curved time, dark energy, de Sitter effect
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[98] viXra:1911.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 05:04:09

Cycle of Sevtsov

Authors: Sergey Sevtsov
Comments: 3 Pages.

A fundamentally new thermodynamic cycle of operation of an internal combustion engine with compression ignition is proposed.In a new two-stroke diesel fuel combustion occurs at a constant volume, as in a gasoline engine. Theoretically, the efficiency of the new engine is increased and there is no need for a particulate filter (due to the complete combustion of diesel fuel).
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[97] viXra:1911.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 07:42:24

Magnetic and Superconducting States

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

It is commonplace to be under pressure at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory— that is, if you happen to be a sample of material undergoing investigation by the lab's condensed matter physicists. [33] Associate Professor Justin Ye, head of the Device Physics of Complex Materials group at the University of Groningen, studied superconductivity in a double layer of molybdenum disulfide and discovered new superconducting states. [32] Researchers from SMART, MIT's research enterprise in Singapore, have made a groundbreaking discovery that allows scientists to "look" at the surface density of dispersed nanoparticles. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[96] viXra:1911.0100 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-14 07:51:24

Quaternionic Field Theory

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 44 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The correct specification of the concept of physical fields requires a platform in which these physical fields can be defined. This platform represents a base model that emerges from a Hilbert lattice, a vector space, and a number system. The number system must be an associative division ring. Dynamic fields require the selection of the quaternionic number system. Quaternionic fields are constructed eigenspaces of normal operators in a quaternionic Hilbert space. The base model supports symmetry-related fields and a field that always and everywhere exists. It acts as a repository for dynamic geometric data.
Category: Quantum Physics

[95] viXra:1911.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 08:46:06

Microscope Snapshots of Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

This camera is currently the fastest electron detector in the world, capturing atomic snapshots at 87,000 frames per second: about 50 times faster than the current state of the art. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[94] viXra:1911.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-13 06:49:10

Galilean Space and the Doppler Effect Галилеево пространство и эффект Доплера

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: 20 Pages. timinva@yandex.ru, p.20, russian

In Galilean space 3 (three) metrics describing its geometrical properties in various cases are possible. These are 1) 1-dimensional time interval, 2) 3-dimensional distance and 3) 4-dimensional wave interval. The main question of this work is: will we be able to determine some geometry by wave standards? Suppose there are two researchers (hereinafter-the objects "researcher", "observer", "experimenter" - identify: this is homo sapiens): can we measure the distance between them? Is it possible to measure the mutual velocity and its direction? And is it possible to synchronize his watch with mine? And what is clock synchronization? And in General – is there a synchronization problem? Are there inertial frames of reference outside absolute frames of reference? Is it possible to use wave standards of one ISO in other ISO and how do they differ? The word "Galileo"is often used in the work. This word is the main thing in this work. Galilean space, Galilean standard, Galilean metric. Other main word-combinations are connected with the word "wave" - wave in Galilean space, Galilean wave space, wave standard, wave metric. Etc. The practical physical model for the application (use) of these words and phrases is the fixed air medium in which the wave propagates, and where this "air" medium is located is the empty absolute Galilean space. In itself, this medium is not an absolute inertial frame of reference (hereinafter - AISO), but for propagating waves as independent entities it is a real AISO. A wave in a medium in Galilean space can propagate only with one specific velocity – the speed of sound. Once the waves are defined as entities, they can be viewed separately from its basis, forget about the existence of the material basis for its existence, leaving only the essential points of this fact. In this case, the wave as an independent object itself determines the AISO. Despite the possibility of independent groundless consideration of the existence of the wave, there is a risk of the existence of this basis. In addition to waves, non-wave objects can exist in it, the speed of movement of which is not limited to the speed of sound. The word "relativistic"is hardly used. This is the next level of abstraction of the independent existence of the wave. В ГП возможны 3 (три) метрики, описывающие ее геометрические свойства в различных случаях. Это 1) 1-мерный промежуток времени, 2) 3-мерное расстояние и 3) 4-мерный волно-вой интервал. Главный вопрос этой работы: сможем ли мы определить какую–то геометрию волновыми эталонами? Рассмотрены вопросы эффекта Доплера, аберрации и их использова-ние для локализации в АИСО (далее - АИСО) и взаимной локализации. Предположим, име-ются два исследователя (далее – объекты "исследователь", "наблюдатель", "экспериментатор" – отождествляем: это homo sapiens): можно ли измерить расстояние между ними? Можно ли измерить взаимную скорость и ее направление? И можно ли синхронизировать его часы с моими? И что такое синхронизация часов? И вообще – есть ли проблема синхронизации? Су-ществуют ли инерциальные системы отсчета вне абсолютных систем отсчета? Можно ли вол-новыми эталонами одной ИСО пользоваться в других ИСО и чем они отличаются? В работе очень часто используется слово "галилеево". Именно это слово – главное в этой работе. Галилеево пространство, галилеев эталон, галиллева метрика. Другие главные слово-сочетания связаны со словом "волна" - волна в галилеевом пространстве, галилеево волно-вое пространство, волновой эталон, волновая метрика. И т.д. Практической физической моделью для применения (использования) этих слов и словосо-четаний является неподвижная воздушная среда, в которой распространяется волна, а то, где находится эта "воздушная" среда, есть пустое абсолютное галилеево пространство. Само по себе эта среда не является абсолютной инерциальной системой отсчета, но для распростра-няющихся волн как самостоятельных сущностей это настоящее АИСО. Волна в среде в гали-леевом пространстве может распространяться только с одной определенной скоростью – ско-ростью звука. После того, как определены волны как сущности, их можно рассматривать от-дельно от ее основы, забыть о существовании материальной основы для ее существования, ос-тавив только существенные моменты этого факта. В этом случае волна как самостоятельный объект само определяет АИСО. Несмотря на возможность самостоятельного безосновного рассмотрения существования волны, есть риск существования этой основы. Кроме волн, в ней могут существовать и не волновые объекты, скорость движения кото-рых не ограничена скоростью звука. Практически не используется слово "релятивистское". Это – следующий уровень абстракции самостоятельного существования волны.
Category: Classical Physics

[93] viXra:1911.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 09:17:59

The Balance of the Quantum Density

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

The gravitational state of a particle (body) is characterized by four parameters of the quantum density of the medium inside the quantized space-time: p0, p1, p2, pn (1). Where 0 is quantum density of undeformed quantized space-time; p1 is quantum density of deformed quantized space-time outside of the particle (body); p2 is quantum density of deformed quantized space-time inside a particle (body); pn is imaginary quantum density of the quantized space-time. This is a fundamentally new method of gravitational analysis based on the quantum theory of gravity. The balance of the quantum density of the gravitational field of a particle (body) inside the quantized space-time is a constant: p0=p1+pn=Const [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[92] viXra:1911.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 09:47:27

Intelligence Metasurface Recognizer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

The Internet of Things (IoT) and cyber physical systems have opened up possibilities for smart cities and smart homes, and are changing the way for people to live. [38] This camera is currently the fastest electron detector in the world, capturing atomic snapshots at 87,000 frames per second: about 50 times faster than the current state of the art. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[91] viXra:1911.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 10:12:07

Refutation of Incompletely Predictable Problems: Riemann Zeta and Eratosthenes Sieve

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the algorithm used for the sieve of Eratosthenes which is not tautologous, hence refuting the conjecture of incompletely predictable problems such as the Riemann zeta function. We also note that the mode of inference used throughout the source is induction. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Number Theory

[90] viXra:1911.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 14:21:38

Demostración de la Hipótesis de Riemann

Authors: Esp. Wilson Torres Ovejero
Comments: 4 Pages.

La hipotesis de Riemann que posee un sin número de aplixaciones a la física, la estadística y por supuesto, a la matemática.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[89] viXra:1911.0093 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 16:23:48

Mathematics for Incompletely Predictable Problems: Riemann Zeta Function and Sieve of Eratosthenes

Authors: John Yuk Ching Ting
Comments: 39 Pages. Rigorous Proofs for Riemann hypothesis (and explaining manifested properties of two types of Gram points), Polignac's and Twin prime conjectures.

Mathematics for Incompletely Predictable Problems is associated with Incompletely Predictable problems containing Incompletely Predictable entities. Nontrivial zeros and two types of Gram points in Riemann zeta function together with prime and composite numbers from Sieve of Eratosthenes are Incompletely Predictable entities. Valid and complete mathematical arguments for first key step of converting this function into its continuous format version and second key step of applying Information-Complexity conservation to this Sieve are provided. Direct spin-offs from first step consist of proving Riemann hypothesis (and explaining both types of Gram points) and second step consist of proving Polignac's and Twin prime conjectures.
Category: Number Theory

[88] viXra:1911.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 15:30:58

The Balance of the Quantum Density of a Medium in Statics

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 1 Figures

The balance of the quantum density in dynamics is describing the state of a dynamic particle (body) in the entire range of speeds including the speed of light. The equations of dynamics are including the normalized relativistic factor. In the region of relativistic speeds, we observe a decrease in the quantum density of the medium around the particle (body) and the formation of a deeper gravitational well. Inside a particle (body) we observe an increase in the quantum density of the medium. Upon reaching the speed of light, the particle has the state of a black micro-hole. In this case, we will see that inside of the particle the quantum density doubles, and outside it there is a drop in the quantum density to zero [1-8].
Category: Quantum Physics

[87] viXra:1911.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 18:11:34

Planet Motion Depends on Light Motion

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis Planet motion depends on light motion A Proof I-Data (A) 17.4 degrees (inner planets orbital inclinations total) x 0.99 = 17.2 degrees (Pluto orbital inclination) (B) 23.6 degrees (outer planets orbital inclinations total) x 0.99 = 23.4 degrees (Earth Axial Tilt) (C) (180 degrees /π) x 0.99 = 28.3 degrees (Neptune Axial Tilt) (D) Earth Moon Distance At Perigee 0.363 mkm = 0.99 x0.366 mkm (Outer Planets Diameters Total) (and the moon diameter = 1% of Outer Planets Diameters Total) II-Discussion The previous data is an example of many similar where the rate 0.99 is used frequently as a rate between different planets data – and the question is that Why This Rate 0.99 Is Used So Frequently In Different Data (axial tilts – orbital inclinations…etc)? The answer is told by Einstein himself – let's read it: Book / Relativity: The Special and General Theory (Einstein book) Section 13 (in Fizu experiment which is repeated frequently by others) "According to recent and most excellent measurements by Zeeman, the influence of the velocity of flow v on the propagation of light is represented by formula(B)(x'=wt') to within one percent (1%) I claim the difference 1% is found in the solar planets data by light motion as in Fizu experiment measurements- someone will refuse, claiming that we have no Fizu experiment here – no light beam –no tube and no liquid- I don't know how that's happened – but it's a property of light motion – and as in Fizu experiment there was a reason to find this percentages 1% and 99%- this same geometrical reason can be found in the solar planets data and motions to use frequently the rates 99% or 1% which we have seen before– simply we need to analyze and discover how the matter is crated and how the distance is formed and based on such analysis we should find that it's the light motion which creates the using of the rates 99% and 1% in the solar planets data.
Category: Astrophysics

[86] viXra:1911.0090 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-07 01:28:45

Cherenkov Radiation of Gravitational Waves

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 7 Pages.

If the velocity of gravitational waves is less than the speed of light, the velocity of mass motion may exceed the velocity of gravitational waves. This will cause Cherenkov-like radiation similar to electromagnetic interaction. The Cherenkov-like radiation of gravitational waves will produce a relatively specific observable effect. Due to the concentrated release of energy, the easiest to observe is that a large number of photons are radiated from the Cherenkov-like radiation source to form optical effects of high intensity and relatively special shapes. The speed of gravitational waves is less than the speed of light, because the compression of space and time by very large masses causes the gravitational waves to travel less in the masses than the speed of light. The mass of the material itself is not affected by this space-time compression. Thus, under certain conditions, the velocity of the mass of matter exceeds the velocity of the gravitational wave, forming a Cherenkov-like effect. A typical example is the aura of special structures formed by the supernova explosion. Among them, the supernova 1987A has been in existence for more than 30 years. After several years of the explosion, through the observation of the high-resolution Hubble telescope, it was found that the supernova 1987A showed two distinct auras in its explosion direction. There are many explanations for how these halos are formed. This paper points out that the formation of the two halos of the supernova 1987A is related to the propagation of gravitational waves in the mass of matter. Due to the very high mass density of the supernova explosion area, the space-time compression effect is very obvious, which will cause the gravitational wave to have a wave speed less than the speed of light. The material ejected by the supernova after exploding is close to the speed of light, and it is easy to exceed the velocity of gravitational waves propagating in the cosmic fluid around the supernova explosion, which will form the shock wave effect of gravitational waves. The Cherenkov effect of gravitational waves can also be used to explain the origin of high-intensity photon radiation in some galaxy centers. When the black hole in the center of the galaxy attracts the outer mass, the closer it is to the central black hole, the faster it moves. In the right position, the mass moves faster than the gravitational wave. The Cherenkov-like radiation of gravitational waves will be product. In addition, if there is a white hole, the energy is continuously released from the source of the white hole, which will also cause the mass ejection speed to exceed the speed of the gravitational wave, and thus produces the Cherenkov-like effect. Since the dynamic mechanism of the black hole and the white hole are different, by observing the Cherenkov-like effect of the center of the galaxy, it can effectively distinguish whether the center of the galaxy is a white hole or a black hole.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[85] viXra:1911.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 02:22:40

[ Neo4j-Python Driver ] Interaction with [ Imageai-Python ai Tool/z3 Api-Python(theorem Prover)/qrng-Python Lib/qrng ] Python Programming Environment in the Context of Medical Image Processing/electron Microscopy( em ) Image Processing R&D

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication

[ Neo4j-Python driver ] Interaction with [ ImageAI-Python AI Tool/Z3 API-Python(Theorem Prover)/qrng-Python lib/QRNG ] Python Programming Environment in the Context of Medical Image Processing/Electron Microscopy( EM ) Image Processing R&D – A Novel Suggestion. [ Monitoring Graph Data Base System/Image Processing Frameworks with qrng-services/qrng-Devices + AI ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[84] viXra:1911.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 02:45:02

(Asea in DMD Conferinta Ramnicu Sarat 2.11.2019) Efectele Remarcabile Ale Suplimentului Redox "Asea"® în 2 Cazuri de Distrofie Musculară Duchenne la Copil și Potențialul Terapeutic al Asea în Bolile Acute și Cronice cu O Importantă Componentă de Stres

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 45 Pages. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/336990483

TITLE IN ENGLISH: The remarkable effects of " >® redox supplement" (ARS) in 2 cases of Duchenne muscular dystrophy in children and the therapeutic potential of Asea / ARS in acute and chronic diseases with a significant component of cellular oxidative stress) ABSTRACT IN ENGLISH: This research aims at discovering dietary supplements which may show comparable or even stronger beneficial effects (with less or none adverse effects) than corticosteroids in children with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). This paper presents a case report on the effects of an ionized “saline water” called “ASEA redox Supplement®” (ARS) oral solution in a ~2-year-old boy with DMD from Bucharest, Romania. In vitro studies showed that ARS is a very potent selective NRF2 activator, thus a very potent (indirect) antioxidant: the studies conducted in vivo also support this main pharmacological mechanism of ARS, with no toxicity up to high doses, in contrast with the much more toxic corticosteroids. From the first months of ARS treatment all the rhabdomyolysis markers (with very high initial serum levels) dropped significantly, with no found toxicity. The main conclusions of this paper are: (1) ARS has remarkable antioxidant and immunomodulatory effects and should be studied on larger groups of children with DMD under the age of 4 years old (but also on other age groups of children and even young adults), as an alternative to early corticosteroids; (2) Given its immunomodulatory effect (NRF2 selective activation and NF-kB inhibition), ARS deserves future cohort studies on its potential to replace corticosteroids and other non-steroidal immunosuppressants (at least partially) in many types of pulmonary/renal/hepatic/ articular/skin autoimmune and even malignant diseases of both children and adults; (3) Given its very strong antioxidant effects (by highly selective NRF2 potent activation), ARS deserves future cohort studies on acute/chronic diseases that imply high levels of tissular oxidative stress, especially some acute/chronic cardiovascular and respiratory diseases like acute myocardial infarction with acute/chronic heart failure, stroke, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), asthma etc. of both children and adults (so that ARS may help millions and even billions worldwide). Keywords: ASEA redox supplement (ARS) oral solution, 3-year-old boy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), NRF2 selective activation, corticosteroids --------------------------------- REZUMATUL LUCRARII/PREZENTARII (Rezumatul lucrării/prezentării) Această cercetare își propune să descopere suplimente alimentare care pot demonstra efecte benefice comparabile sau chiar mai puternice (cu efecte adverse mai mici sau deloc) decât corticosteroizii la copiii cu distrofie musculară Duchenne (DMD). Această prezentare conține 2 raporturi de caz (în premieră mondială) asupra efectelor unei soluții saline ionizate (de uz intern oral) numite "supliment redox < >”® (SRA) la doi băieței cu DMD de 4 respectiv 5 ani, ambii din București. Studiile in vitro au arătat că Asea este un foarte potent activator selectiv al factorului de transcripție nucleară NRF2 (ce guvernează răspunsul anti-stress celular de fază B), deci un antioxidant foarte puternic (indirect): studiile efectuate in vivo până în prezent susțin și ele acest principal mecanism farmacologic de acțiune al Asea, fără toxicitate demonstrată in vivo chiar până la doze relativ mari, în contrast cu toate tipurile de corticosteroizi, care au toxicitate demonstrată pe multe aparate și sisteme. Încă din primele luni de tratament cu Asea, toți markerii de rabdomioliză (cu niveluri serice inițiale foarte mari, tipice pentru DMD) au scăzut semnificativ, fără nici un semn clinic și/sau paraclinic de toxicitate. PRINCIPALELE CONCLUZII ALE ACESTUI ARTICOL (Principalele concluzii ale acestei lucrări) sunt: (1) Asea are efecte antioxidante și imunomodulatoare remarcabile și merită studiată pe grupuri mai mari de copii cu DMD cu vârsta sub 4 ani (dar și pe alte grupe de vârstă de copii și chiar adulți tineri), ca alternativă la corticosteroizii administrați precoce încă de la vârsta de 2-3 ani (cu cel puțin 1 an înainte de vârsta standard de 4 ani actualmente unanim acceptată ca moment de inițiere corticoizi în DMD); (2) Având în vedere efectul său imunomodulator (activarea selectivă a NRF2 și inhibarea factorului de transcripție NF-kB, ce guvernează răspunsul anti-stress celular de fază A), Asea merită studii viitoare de cohortă asupra potențialului său de a înlocui (cel puțin parțial!) corticosteroizii și alte imunosupresoare nesteroidiene în multe tipuri de boli pulmonare / renale / hepatice / boli autoimune articulare / cutanate și chiar maligne ale copiilor și adulților; (3) Având în vedere efectele antioxidante foarte puternice (prin hiper-activare înalt selectivă a NRF2), Asea merită studii viitoare de cohortă în bolile acute / cronice care implică niveluri ridicate de stres oxidativ tisular/celular, în special unele boli cardiovasculare și respiratorii acute / cronice precum infarctul miocardic acut cu insuficiență cardiacă acută / cronică, accident vascular cerebral, boală pulmonară obstructivă cronică (BPOC), astm bronșic etc. atât la copii cât și la adulți (astfel încât Asea poate ajuta milioane și chiar miliarde de bolnavi la nivel mondial). Cuvinte-cheie: supliment redox Asea (SRA) soluție orală, distrofie musculară Duchenne (DMD), factorii de transcripție nucleară NRF2 și NF-kB, activare selectivă de NRF2, corticosteroizi More Info: www.dragoii.com
Category: Quantitative Biology

[83] viXra:1911.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 02:43:32

Spooky Quantum Tunneling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 96 Pages.

This allowed the researchers to explore quantum tunneling, a phenomenon often used in undergraduate chemistry courses to demonstrate one of the "spookinesses" of quantum mechanics, Field says. [56] Measurements at the attosecond scale not only add an extra dimension for the future quantum technologies but also can fundamentally help in understanding the elephant of the quantum room: what is time? [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[82] viXra:1911.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 03:11:28

Light-Based Tractor Beam

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

The team adapted a light-based technology employed widely in biology-known as optical traps or optical tweezers-to operate in a water-free liquid environment of carbon-rich organic solvents, thereby enabling new potential applications. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[81] viXra:1911.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 03:51:48

Magnetism in Atomic Resolution

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Scientists from the University of Strasbourg, France, in close collaboration with colleagues from research centers in San Sebastián, Spain, and Jülich, Germany, have achieved a breakthrough in detecting the magnetic moments of nanoscale structures. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[80] viXra:1911.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 04:24:58

Transparent LED Screens

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Connecting LEDs with transparent conductive circuits has made it possible to turn glass windows, walls and building exteriors into see-through displays that inform or entertain viewers with videos and images. [38] The new technology can successfully measure heart rate and oxygen saturation. It also has the potential to measure blood pressure and cardiac output, whilst maintaining its flexible and transparent form. [37] Electrical engineers at Duke University have devised a fully print-in-place technique for electronics that is gentle enough to work on delicate surfaces including paper and human skin. [36]
Category: Condensed Matter

[79] viXra:1911.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 17:22:58

Cousin Primes Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Cousin Primes Conjecture were performed using WolframAlpha and Wolfram cloud from the beginning this time, as in the case of the twin primes that we did the other day. Cousin Primes and Twin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Cousin Primes are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Cousin Primes are generated only at (6n+1)(6n+5). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Cousin Primes are 4/3 times the square of the distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Cousin Primes is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Cousin Primes continue to be generated. That is, Cousin Primes exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[78] viXra:1911.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 04:50:18

Dietary Carbon Nanotube Fiber

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

The process, developed by Nagoya University researchers in Japan, could be upscaled for manufacturing purified batches of single-wall carbon nanotubes that can be used in high-performance electronic devices. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[77] viXra:1911.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 06:53:19

Pancreatic Cancer: a Split Tipe Therapy Idea

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 7 Pages.

Due to number of biochemical, physiological and anatomical reasons pancreatic cancer remain fast type killer. Solution could come from holistic biology. I propose idea of separate therapies for 1. metastasis, 2. patient and 3. tumor itself.
Category: Biochemistry

[76] viXra:1911.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 07:06:22

Refutation of Decomposition of the Riemann and Ricci Curvatures

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the first Bianchi identity as defined which is not tautologous and refutes decomposition of the curvatures. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[75] viXra:1911.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 09:08:26

On Some New Mathematical Connections Between Ramanujan’s Sum of Two Cubes, ζ(2), π, ϕ, Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions and Various Sectors of Theoretical Physics

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 91 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have described some new possible mathematical connections between various equations concerning the Ramanujan’s sum of two cubes, ζ(2), π, ϕ, Ramanujan’s mock theta functions and some sectors of Theoretical Physics
Category: Number Theory

[74] viXra:1911.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 10:41:11

Black Holes like Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

According to quantum mechanics black holes should behave like other ordinary quantum systems. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters-it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think "the Big Bang", except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[73] viXra:1911.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 10:49:42

Theory of an Electro-Cordic Field in Quantum Systems. I. (Revised)

Authors: R. Wayte.
Comments: 17 Pages.

A theory of electro-cordic guidewaves is developed to supplement the standard acausal statistical laws of quantum mechanics and account for the growth of accurate information from apparently random quantum events. Every effort is made to reveal the physical reality of the guidewaves which organise photons or electrons into predictable states. Einstein’s equations of general relativity have also been applied to hydrogen to yield energy levels identical to those of Dirac’s theory. A companion paper covers applications of electro-cordic guidewaves to interference, entanglement and superconductivity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[72] viXra:1911.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 11:09:05

About the Properties of Energy

Authors: Marc Kießling
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract Is it possible to describe all law of nature in one theory? This paper constitutes all principles as a result of one single energy and its quantities and distributions. The properties of energy, which lead to the different principles, are the following: 1.There is nothing beside energy. 2.Energy is local 3.Energy is able to superpose with other quantities of energy 4.Quantities of energy tend to each other towards the largest difference of their amount of energy ∆W, except for ∆W=0. 5.Given that there are 2 directions with the same value of ∆W, the energy tends to both ways with the same quantity of energy.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[71] viXra:1911.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 12:05:14

Minimal Fractal Manifold and the Dual Nature of Dark Matter

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 6 Pages.

As of today, the nature of Dark Matter (DM) remains controversial. Broadly speaking, there are two major schools of thought on the topic. While the first school considers DM to be an extrapolation of particle physics, the second one asserts that DM is a signature of gravitational phenomena. The basic tenet of the second school of thought is that DM can be explained away either through revisions of General Relativity (GR), through its inherent nonlinearity or by deploying non-traditional interpretations of GR. The goal of this brief note is to point out that DM and gravitational physics may no longer be mutually exclusive, but complementary manifestations of the same reality. Elaborating from the minimal fractality of spacetime above the Fermi scale - along with its quaternion formulation - we suggest that DM can replicate the contribution of gravitational nonlinearities on galactic scales.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[70] viXra:1911.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 12:35:07

Quantum Coherence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

In quantum physics, some of the most interesting effects are the result of interferences. [29] When Nebraska's Herman Batelaan and colleagues recently submitted a research paper that makes the case for the existence of a non-Newtonian, quantum force, the journal asked that they place "force" firmly within quotes. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[69] viXra:1911.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 11:07:02

On Some New Mathematical Connections Between Various Equations of the F(T) Teleparallel Gravity and Cosmology, the Rogers-Ramanujan Continued Fractions and the Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions. II

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 96 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have described the new possible mathematical connections between some equations of various topics concerning the f(T) teleparallel gravity and cosmology, the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fractions and the Ramanujan’s mock theta functions.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[68] viXra:1911.0071 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-13 09:38:39

Decomposition of the Riemann and Ricci Curvatures

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in english

We propose a decomposition of the Riemann and Ricci curvatures according to symmetric endomorphisms.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[67] viXra:1911.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 15:52:31

Mathematics Behind the Standard Model

Authors: Zibo Wang
Comments: 36 Pages.

In this thesis, I went through derivation of equations of motion for some free particles using symmetry, and also went through the math underneath spontaneous symmetry breaking and the Higgs mechanism in restoring missing mass in interaction between particles, which both showing the self-consistency of the Standard Model.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[66] viXra:1911.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 16:22:34

Refutation of Multi-Valued Concurrent Dynamic Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate two operators for parallel and sequential composition which are not tautologous. The conjecture of multi-valued, concurrent, propositional, dynamic logics fails. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[65] viXra:1911.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 16:51:06

Refutation of a Theoretical Model of the Individual-Decision Making Processes for Refugees

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate an equation for conflict score which is not tautologous, thereby denying the conjectured title and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[64] viXra:1911.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 17:48:26

Quantum Density of the Medium and Gravitational Potentials

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 2 Pages

The quantum theory of gravity characterizes the state of quantized space-time with a new parameter: the quantum density of the medium. The new parameter is the concentration of quantons in a unit volume of space. Quanton is a quantum of space-time is the basic particle in the quantum theory of gravity. The gravitational field inside the quantized space-time is characterized by four parameters of the quantum density of the medium: ρ0, ρ1 ρ2 ρn. The quantum density of the medium is an analogue of the gravitational potentials. Each parameter of the quantum density of the medium has its own analog of the gravitational potential: φ0, φ1 φ2 φn. Previously, the theory of gravity had only one gravitational potential: the Newtonian gravitational potential φn. Because of this, we had big problems for gravitational computing. The quantum density of the medium and additional gravitational potentials allowed us to solve many problems of the theory of gravity that were previously considered unsolvable. But we have the main thing: we created the quantum theory of gravity almost a quarter century ago [1, 2]. I am surprised when I see thousands of articles with the big names of the theory of quantum gravity, and inside these articles are empty and uninteresting. In theoretical physics, we have fierce competition between scientists. And only a few of them manage to say a newer word in physics once a century. I created the theory of Superunification, the theory of quantum gravity, quantum thermodynamics, quantum energy, a quantum engine and much more. The theory of Superunification is the basis of new energy and space technologies [1-6].
Category: Quantum Physics

[63] viXra:1911.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 20:03:05

Space, and the Redshift Effect

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 23 Pages.

Following on from the previous series of papers regarding the golden ratio algorithm for time [1-12], more specifically papers 11 [11] and 12 [12] in continuing with the explanation of the redshift effect, the idea of cosmology is measured with a new understanding of the redshift effect according to the golden ratio time-algorithm, namely the general description of the universe of stars according to the new appreciation of the redshift effect. To address this, first the idea of cosmology is introduced and what cosmology in contemporary terms seeks to deliver, and how such theories of cosmology have been arrived at. Secondly, the current problems in cosmology are discussed, namely any absences of theory that are required to explain observed data, and any absences of data that are unable to account for current theoretical models. Thirdly, a key flaw in modern cosmology central to the redshift effect is highlighted that appears to lead to all known cosmological and astronomical discrepancies faced by cosmology and astrophysics. Fourthly, a solution to this issue is proposed in line with the previous series of papers [1-12], namely the golden ratio time-algorithm as a new understanding of the redshift effect. Then, a new cosmological model is forwarded, after which anthropological evidence for this new cosmological model is presented. The standard for the cosmological model being presented in this paper is a standard that uses “all” astrophysical data with a cosmological theory that is complete, entertaining “no” assumption or “fixes” that have no astrophysical data.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[62] viXra:1911.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 00:36:43

The Formula of the Speed of Light in a Quantized Space-Time

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

There is Einstein’s formula of 1911 which shows that the speed of light is not a constant, but it is a function of the gravitational potential [1]. This formula is not written correctly because the speed of light с enters the left and right sides of the formula. At that time, Einstein did not know that space-time is quantized space-time and it has its own gravitational potential equal to the square of the speed of light. This fact was established by me in 1996 [2, 3]. In the theory of Superunification, the formula of the speed of light is a very simple formula and it is equal to the square root of the gravitational action potential or it is equal to the square root of the quantum density of quantized space-time.
Category: Quantum Physics

[61] viXra:1911.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 01:02:18

Understanding Graph Data Base Systems Using [ Java/JI Prolog ] – A Simple Suggestion to Implement [ AI/IoT/HPC/BIG DATA ] Informatics Systems.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

JI Prolog+Neo4j+JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/JVM-Java Virtual Machine/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Environments in the Context of BIG DATA Analytics based on Bio-informatics.Exploring Graph Data Base Systems Using Java for Next Generation Bio-informatics Frameworks Using IoT/HPC Systems.We are testing the above mentioned informatics frameworks using RVM – Research Virtual Machine – a highly experimental TESTBED.Since Java is well suited for IoT/HPC- Heterogeneous Environments and its associated challenges,we are presenting here,a simple challenging Informatics Framework to probe next generation Bio-informatics R&D. [ Researching Algorithms for Next Generation Bio-informatics Platforms ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[60] viXra:1911.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 01:47:31

Convergent SeriesⅢ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is a proof of some convergent series part3.
Category: Number Theory

[59] viXra:1911.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 03:31:28

Fluorescent Probes Drug Delivery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Selecting the most effective molecules for drug delivery is often a trial-and-error process, but Cornell engineers are providing some precision thanks to a technique that reveals the performance of those molecules inside living cells. [45] Now, researchers at MIT and elsewhere have developed a system to deliver medical treatments that can be released at precise times, minimally-invasively, and that ultimately could also deliver those drugs to specifically targeted areas such as a specific group of neurons in the brain. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43]
Category: Physics of Biology

[58] viXra:1911.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 04:43:39

A Theoretical Model of the Individual-Decision Making Processes for Refugees

Authors: Rahul Joseph Fernandez
Comments: 12 Pages.

There exists contemporarily over 70 million people forced into displacement, which is historically the highest the world has seen, making aid for humanitarian crises more necessary than ever. This paper aims at a formulation for a basic theoretical model, within the Agent-Based Modelling (ABM) framework, that can be used in to make predictions about refugee migration-decision making processes. Some of the models existing are reviewed, serving as a reference for assumptions and choices made in the model presented here. Following which the model is described in the form of a cost-benefit evaluation problem along with the assumptions it makes. The model has no explicit analytic solution but can be employed by way of computerized simulations. Owing to a dearth of the requisite data to run simulations, the model was not simulated within this paper. Extensions to the model are discussed, as well as the challenges associated with modelling phenomena using ABMs.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[57] viXra:1911.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 06:03:56

SCIS- Traffic Congestion Optimisation using River Formation Dynamics

Authors: Kunal Verma, Vishal Paike
Comments: 5 Pages.

The raising level of traffic imposes a great demand in the growth of intelligent traffic systems. With increase in complexity of alleviation, finding solutions to traffic congestion problem have become one of the challenges. Various optimization techniques have been proposed in literature to meet these challenges. This paper surveys different optimization techniques based on heuristics for automated traffic congestion control. Moreover, an approach based on River Formation Dynamics scheme is introduced to analyze the optimization problem for traffic congestion control and a scheme to extract real time information through Internet of Things is presented for superior efficiency and productivity
Category: General Mathematics

[56] viXra:1911.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 08:34:12

Spin on Life's Origin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

This research may also enable new synthesis pathways for chiral drugs that do not require chiral molecules as inputs. [13] The conditions for life surviving on planets entirely covered in water are more fluid than previously thought, opening up the possibility that water worlds could be habitable, according to a new paper from the University of Chicago and Pennsylvania State University. [12]
Category: Physics of Biology

[55] viXra:1911.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 08:50:15

Refutation of the Chromatic Number of Product of Two ℵ1-Chromatic Graphs as Countable

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the chromatic number of the product of two ℵ1-chromatic graphs as countable. It is not tautologous as are then also the derived consistent and relatively consistent conjectures for k=3. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[54] viXra:1911.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 09:43:03

Quantum Communication Randomness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Random bit sequences are key ingredients of various tasks in modern life and especially in secure communication. In a new study researchers have determined that generating true random bit sequences, classical or quantum, is an impossible mission. [27] A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[53] viXra:1911.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 10:14:55

Protein EPR Spectroscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Biochemists can use electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) on protein single crystals to determine the ultimate electronic structure of paramagnetic protein intermediates and investigate the relative magnetic tensor to a molecular structure. [28] Random bit sequences are key ingredients of various tasks in modern life and especially in secure communication. In a new study researchers have determined that generating true random bit sequences, classical or quantum, is an impossible mission. [27] A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26]
Category: Physics of Biology

[52] viXra:1911.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 10:39:18

Unstable Semiconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

Scientists from Cardiff University have, for the first time, spotted previously unseen "instabilities" on the surface of a common compound semiconductor material. [48] In Japan Science and Technology Agency's Strategic Basic Research Programs, Associate Professor Toshiaki Kato and Professor Toshiro Kaneko of the Department of Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University succeeded in clarifying a new synthesis mechanism regarding transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD), which are semiconductor atomic sheets having thickness in atomic order. [47]
Category: Condensed Matter

[51] viXra:1911.0052 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-03 01:39:24

Convergent Series

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is a proof of some convergent series.
Category: Number Theory

[50] viXra:1911.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 02:27:17

Silicon-Graphene-Germanium Transistor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

With further engineering, the vertical semiconductor-graphene-semiconductor transistor is promising for high-speed applications in future 3-D monolithic integration because of the advantages of atomic thickness, high carrier mobility, and the high feasibility of a Schottky emitter. [37] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have new experimental evidence and a predictive theory that solves a long-standing materials science mystery: why certain crystalline materials shrink when heated. [36] In a new study now published A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[49] viXra:1911.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 02:41:08

О парадоксе при классическом подходе к доказательству теорем и непригодности общепринятых стереотипных тавтологий классической математики для доказательства теорем

Authors: Victoria Kondratenko Виктория Александровна Кондратенко
Comments: 5 Pages.

Аннотация. В текущее время в естественных и прикладных науках в большинстве публикаций доказательство теорем осуществляется: во-первых, содержательным способом, что противоречит настоятельному требованию философов науки использовать исключительно формальное доказательство, которое является критерием оценки корректности и достоверности доказательства; во-вторых, при содержательном доказательстве в 95% случаев используются исключительно стандартный перечень тавтологий, который по определению некорректен для целей доказательства теорем о явлениях и процессах мироздания на основе истинных аксиом, полученных в результате натурного экспериментирования с этими явлениями и процессами. В статье анализируется часто используемый стандартный перечень тавтологий, доказывается непригодность этих тавтологий для доказательства теорем, что порождает очередной неразрешимый парадокс в началах математики. Автором предлагается выход из создавшегося тупика.
Category: General Mathematics

[48] viXra:1911.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 02:40:36

Convergent SeriesⅡ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is a proof of some convergent series part2.
Category: Number Theory

[47] viXra:1911.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 02:55:47

Stretchable Stopwatch for Human Skin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Such human-machine interfaces are no longer science fiction, but they still have a way to go before becoming mainstream. [38] With further engineering, the vertical semiconductor-graphene-semiconductor transistor is promising for high-speed applications in future 3-D monolithic integration because of the advantages of atomic thickness, high carrier mobility, and the high feasibility of a Schottky emitter. [37] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have new experimental evidence and a predictive theory that solves a long-standing materials science mystery: why certain crystalline materials shrink when heated. [36] In a new study now published A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[46] viXra:1911.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 03:41:47

Ultraconformable Magnetic Nanosheets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Syringe-injectable biomaterials, medical devices and engineered tissues have attracted great attention as minimally-invasive implants for diagnosis, therapy and regenerative medicine. [39] Such human-machine interfaces are no longer science fiction, but they still have a way to go before becoming mainstream. [38] With further engineering, the vertical semiconductor-graphene-semiconductor transistor is promising for high-speed applications in future 3-D monolithic integration because of the advantages of atomic thickness, high carrier mobility, and the high feasibility of a Schottky emitter. [37] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have new experimental evidence and a predictive theory that solves a long-standing materials science mystery: why certain crystalline materials shrink when heated. [36] In a new study now published A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[45] viXra:1911.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 04:42:54

Microrobots Against Radioactive Waste

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

The self-propelled microrobots could someday help in the management and remediation of radioactive waste, the researchers say. [40] Syringe-injectable biomaterials, medical devices and engineered tissues have attracted great attention as minimally-invasive implants for diagnosis, therapy and regenerative medicine. [39] Such human-machine interfaces are no longer science fiction, but they still have a way to go before becoming mainstream. [38] With further engineering, the vertical semiconductor-graphene-semiconductor transistor is promising for high-speed applications in future 3-D monolithic integration because of the advantages of atomic thickness, high carrier mobility, and the high feasibility of a Schottky emitter. [37] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have new experimental evidence and a predictive theory that solves a long-standing materials science mystery: why certain crystalline materials shrink when heated. [36] In a new study now published A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[44] viXra:1911.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 05:04:40

Printer Creates Holograms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new printer that produces digital 3-D holograms with an unprecedented level of detail and realistic color. [14] A professor and head of the Quantum Gravity Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), he grapples with this conundrum on a daily basis. [13] A team of researchers has now used the world's highest intensity neutron beamline facility, at J-PARC in central Japan, to push the limits of sensitivity for the study of gravitational force. [12] Two teams of researchers working independently of one another have come up with an experiment designed to prove that gravity and quantum mechanics can be reconciled. [11] Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[43] viXra:1911.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 07:05:12

On the Fundamental Mathematical Constants π, ϕ, ζ(2), ζ(6), ζ(8) and ζ(10): New Interesting Mathematical Connections

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 59 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have described the new possible mathematical connections between the following fundamental mathematical constants: π, ϕ, ζ(2), ζ(6), ζ(8) and ζ(10)
Category: Number Theory

[42] viXra:1911.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 10:26:31

The Amplification Effect of Parallel Counter-streaming Gravitons

Authors: Kurt L. Becker
Comments: 6 Pages.

Amplification effect of counter-streaming gravitons may give a physical foundation to MOND. Abstract: Modified Newtonian Dynamics can explain the flat rotation curves of stars in very weak gravitational fields in the outlying regions of our galaxy, but it needs a physical basis to form a complete theory. In the MOND paradigm, acceleration decreases slower, by 1/r, than in Newtonian dynamics, 1/r2. This paper explores a physical process with amplifies the stream of gravitons between distant stars, thereby keeping gravity stronger at longer distances, yet allowing the acceleration to decrease as 1/r. The streams of gravitons between distant stars is parallel, allowing time for counter-streaming gravitons to interact with each other. This interaction will compress the beam and, most importantly, will pull adjacent streams into the main gravitation stream. This results in an amplification of gravity between the two stars. The frequency of gravitational interaction with the mass of the stars will decrease as 1/r, due to the longer travel time of the gravitons between the stars.
Category: Astrophysics

[41] viXra:1911.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 13:14:26

Conservation of Mass Limits and White Dwarfs

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 4 Pages.

A new idea is presented which follows from the General Theory. It is hypothesized that mass is conserved in closed systems, but there is a caveat to that due to white dwarfs. In the General Theory white dwarfs have mass that is not conserved. Meaning if you take all transfers of heat and matter away, it will become more massive as it transitions to more massive stages of evolution. This means mass is not conserved under extreme pressures and temperatures. In short, there are properties of mass that we do not understand yet, and white dwarfs show this in light of the General Theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[40] viXra:1911.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 14:33:57

Gravity and Spacetime Beyond Einstein

Authors: Anil Gupta
Comments: 28 Pages with illustrations

This paper makes the following predictions: 1. Spacetime is quantum in nature 2. Spactron is the quanta of spacetime 3. A Spactron is made up of three spatial and one time dimension 4. Spacetime, matter, energy, force and everything in our material universe are all made up of Spactrons 5. Gravity is the product of the Spactron density differential between mass and the surrounding spacetime
Category: Classical Physics

[39] viXra:1911.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 14:54:57

The Observer Effects on Observation Results (SR Tells)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 2 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis (No. 1) The Observer Effects On The Observational Results 1st Hypothesis Explanation If a particle (with length L0) moves by speed of light (approximately), this particle may suffer from length contraction effect and be seen with a contracted length (L1) Then "What's happened For The Particle Own Nature?" The theory states "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"! We have 2 directions to choose from: (1st) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature doesn't change and the contracted length is seen by us as a wrong vision (as mirage) but the particle length itself has no real change Or (2nd) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature changes with this motion – and by such way – the particle nature should be created relative to speed of light! I choose the 2nd choice- Why? Because – the 1st choice tells us that – The particle own nature is defined clearly when no difference in motions velocities between me and this particle – that means – I'm The Universe Reference Point – and this is similar to a person looks at a mirror So the particle nature is created relative to speed of light! Is it true? NOT The human mind realization process depends on speed of light – and that explains how the observer effects on observational results… Paper Hypothesis (No. 2) Human Mind Realization Process depends On And uses Speed Of Light - Paper Hypothesis (No. 3) The Human Mind Realization process (Using Speed Of Light) effects on the universe around.
Category: Astrophysics

[38] viXra:1911.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 15:14:11

Quantum Gravity Inside of the Gravitational Well

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 7 Pages, 3 Figures

Gravity is determined by the presence of a gravitational well around the gravitational mass. A gravitational well is a potential well that describes an inhomogeneous gravitational field of an energy gradient, a quantum density gradient of a medium, and a gravitational action potential gradient. The force of gravity is determined by the gradient of gravitational energy, the deformation vector of quantized space-time and the strength of the gravitational field. It should be noted that the force F of gravity is always directed to the bottom of the gravitational well in the direction of decreasing gravitational energy, quantum density of the medium and gravitational action potential [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[37] viXra:1911.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 15:17:15

Building and Visualizing Datasets of a Single Variable (Heart Rate)

Authors: Neel Adwani
Comments: 4 Pages.

Datasets are of great use in the fields like Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Analytics, etc. To solve the problem of Data unavailability, Data sets can be generated with the help of required sensors and that data can even be visualized. Visualization might be necessary to filter or sort out the inaccurate data, which might interfere with the Algorithm used.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[36] viXra:1911.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 15:44:55

Distance Contraction of Moving Bodies and Its Contribution to Expanding Universe

Authors: Ritesh Singh
Comments: 6 Pages.

The phenomenon of distance contraction – an extension of length contraction, is relatively underexplored in the academic literature. We show that the variability of distance contraction due to change in velocity of distant accelerating bodies can have a large contribution in their apparent velocities. We propose that this needs to be included in cosmological models. We also show that it can potentially explain some observed cosmological peculiarities.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[35] viXra:1911.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 02:47:31

Exploring Henon Maps for Next Generation Medical Imaging Algorithms Using Python Based Software Involving Ai/qrng/iot/hpc Concepts.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Understanding & Implementing [ Henon Maps/QRNG/ImageAI ] – Python based Informatics Framework to ProbeMedical Images Using DICOM – A Simple & Novel Suggestion in the Context of [ AI/IoT/HPC /LLVM ] Heterogeneous Environment/s.We derived our inspiration based on our references mentioned below,please check our references.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[34] viXra:1911.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 04:24:56

Ideas Through Experimental Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 97 Pages.

Even the most brilliant scientific ideas need data. Just this year, the first-ever image of a black hole finally provided the evidence needed to support Einstein's 100-year-old theories. [57] EPFL researchers, with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and IBM Research-Zurich, unravel novel dynamics in the interaction between light and mechanical motion with significant implications for quantum measurements designed to evade the influence of the detector in the notorious 'back action limit' problem. [56] We don't have to get into what they claimed was the mechanism for destroying interference, because our experiment has shown there is an effect on the velocity of the particle, of just the size Heisenberg predicted. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[33] viXra:1911.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 05:00:42

Crystals Shrink When Heated

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have new experimental evidence and a predictive theory that solves a long-standing materials science mystery: why certain crystalline materials shrink when heated. [36] In a new study now published on Science Advances, Junseong Song and colleagues at the departments of Energy Science, Nanostructure Physics, Environmental Science and Materials Science in the Republic of Korea developed an unprecedented structure of the Zintl phase. [35] TSU physicists, working with scientists from Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Germany and Korea, have discovered new nanomechanical properties of diamonds mined at the Skalnoe deposit of the Popigai astrobleme. [34] A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[32] viXra:1911.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 05:29:41

Merger Inside Binary Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Rochester Institute of Technology and the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics have recently gathered strong numerical evidence for a new phenomenon that takes place in the interior of binary black holes. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters-it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think "the Big Bang", except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1911.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 05:46:44

Controlling Cell Immune Response

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

Scientists at Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with the University of Montana (USA) proposed a promising new material for regenerative medicine for recovery of damaged tissues and blood vessels. [44] Nanocapsules and other containers can transport drugs through a patient's body directly to the origin of the disease and release them there in a controlled manner. [43] Coupier has found that deflating and inflating microscopic shells can induce directed motion, which could, for example, be used to help target drug delivery to a tumour. [42]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30] viXra:1911.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 06:54:44

Tiny Swimming Donuts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

The researchers note that "these biocompatible, 3-D printed micro swimmers would then be able to interface and manipulate biological active matter leading to the development of intelligent cell transport and therapy." [45] Scientists at Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with the University of Montana (USA) proposed a promising new material for regenerative medicine for recovery of damaged tissues and blood vessels. [44] Nanocapsules and other containers can transport drugs through a patient's body directly to the origin of the disease and release them there in a controlled manner. [43]
Category: Physics of Biology

[29] viXra:1911.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 07:11:49

Refutation of Cohen’s First Model and Derivations as the Method of Forcing

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the definition of Cohen’s first model as not tautologous, hence refuting it and impugning derived conjectures such as forcing. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28] viXra:1911.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 07:52:09

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis; 17. Auflage

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 12 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden die Vor- und Nachteile einer Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie.
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1911.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 08:57:19

A Statement of Scientific Ethics

Authors: Peter Bissonnet
Comments: 2 Pages.

Scientific Ethics as Society, Government, and Science evolve.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[26] viXra:1911.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 09:16:26

The Energy Gradient is a Unified Formula for all Fundamental Forces

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

Scientists around the world have been looking for a unified physics formula for over a hundred years. But this formula has been known since the time of Newton. This formula is very simple - the force F is equal to the energy W gradient: F = gradW (1). This formula of the force (1) rarely used in the calculations. We use the calculations mainly according to Newton’s formula when the force F is equal to the mass m multiplied by the acceleration a: F=ma (2), where acceleration is the first derivative of velocity v with respect to time t or acceleration is the second derivative of the displacement x with respect to time t. Which formula is the main? The basic formula is: F = gradW (1). From the basic formula (1) all other formulas are derived including formula (2) and the law of universal gravitation. Formula (2) is secondary. Why the basic formula (1) is still in the shadows? The fact is that the energy gradient is based on the condition that energy fills all space-time like the ocean. This is an energy ocean. However, the Standard Model (SM) of Physics considers the zero energy level of a physical vacuum. But the zero energy gradients are zero. In a cosmic vacuum with a zero energy level should be no forces. But this contradicts the observed facts. In space there is a lot of forces and energy. It turns out that SM is a fake. In quantum the theory of Superunification I corrected all the errors of SM. In 1996, I discovered superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) - the fifth force (Superforce). SEI is the global energy field of the universe with the maximum level of energy. The SEI field has gradients of energy levels and it is heterogeneous. These energy gradients describe the action of all fundamental forces [1, 2].
Category: Quantum Physics

[25] viXra:1911.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 11:04:38

What Are Volcanoes and Why do They Exist?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Geologists do not know what volcanoes are and why they exist on Earth. Now we can finally answer the basic questions with stellar metamorphosis. Volcanoes are composed of liquid rock escaping the surface, but why liquid rock? Why don't all the other rocky objects all have active volcanoes? Why are some worlds almost absent huge numbers of volcanoes? This paper addresses this.
Category: Geophysics

[24] viXra:1911.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 11:17:10

The P Value of Likely Extreme Events

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 21 pages.

Objective: Sometimes there are circumstances where it is necessary to calculate the P Value of extremely events xt like p(xt) = 1 while reliable methods are rare. Methods: A systematic approach to the problem of the P Values of extremely events is provided. Results: New theorems for calculating P Values of extremely likely events are developed. Conclusions: It is possible to calculate the P Values even of extreme events. E-mail: Barukcic@t-online.de Keywords: P Value, likely events, cause, effect, causal relationship.
Category: Statistics

[23] viXra:1911.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 12:27:07

Cheating with Complex Numbers Der Selbstbetrug Mit Den Komplexen Zahlen

Authors: Martin Erik Horn
Comments: 6 pages, bilingual version (in English and German)

Together with complex conjugation, complex numbers are misused to model anti-commutative structures. German Abstract: Komplexe Zahlen werden zur Modellierung anti-kommutativer Strukturen missbraucht, wenn die komplexe Konjugation genutzt wird.
Category: Algebra

[22] viXra:1911.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 13:19:50

Refutation of a Common Expression for Law of Trichotomy, Replaced by Shortest Known Proof

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We show a common formal logic expression for the law of trichotomy is not tautologous, and replace it with the shortest known proof. The first results forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[21] viXra:1911.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-02 04:12:14

Refutaton of Frege’s Inference Rule of Generalization

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate Frege’s inference rule of generalization which is not tautologous. This result forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[20] viXra:1911.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 16:12:52

Further Mathematical Connections Between the Dark Matter Candidate Particles, Some Ramanujan Formulas and the Physics of Black Holes. III

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 35 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained further interesting new possible mathematical connections concerning some sectors of Ramanujan’s mathematics, some sectors of Particle Physics, inherent principally the Dark Matter candidate particles and the physics of black holes (Ramanujan-Nardelli mock formula).
Category: Number Theory

[19] viXra:1911.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 17:30:43

Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is a proof of Riemann hypothesis.
Category: Number Theory

[18] viXra:1911.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 21:25:00

Why Don't We Understand The Solar System Geometry?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 20 Pages.

Why don't We Understand The Solar System Geometry? Because Paper Hypothesis -The Planets Motions are Motions of Light Beams, That means each planet motion depends on a motion of light beam – Based on that, we have to use the light geometry to explain the solar planets motions. Shortly -Planet Motion = Light Motion and should be studied under Relativistic Considerations -Because we see the planets as matters move by low velocity– We consider that the light geometry is unsuitable science to explain the solar planets motions. -That's Why – There Are Many Contradictions In The Solar Planets Motions Current Understanding And Description.. Paper Objective -The Paper tries to prove the claim that "The Solar Planets Motions Are Motions Of Light Beams"
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1911.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 21:59:42

The Solution to the Cosmological Constant Problem

Authors: Brian Craig
Comments: 7 Pages.

To account for the very low mass density associated with Dark Energy and the Cosmological Constant, a new approach to the ground state of empty space is presented. The resulting model for the vacuum state associated with empty space proposes a crystalline-like texture for the chromatic structure of empty space. This vacuum state has the appropriate mass density and predicts acceleration for the Universe expansion. Furthermore, the model predicts that this texture is anisotropic and may lead to measurable changes in the production of electron and positron pairs by gamma rays incident on a solid crystal of low mass density such as graphite.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[16] viXra:1911.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 00:44:07

Problems in Quantum Mechanics: Textbook. (In Russian)

Authors: Galitsky V. M., Karnakov B. M., Kogan V. I.
Comments: 648 Pages. in Russian. M.: Science, the Main edition of physical and mathematical literature, 1981.

The book contains 800 problems mainly on non-relativistic quantum mechanics, covering both the basic provisions and mathematical apparatus of the theory, as well as its numerous applications to atomic physics, nuclear and particle physics and physics of multiparticle systems. Considerable attention is paid to the computational methods of quantum mechanics: perturbation theory, quasiclassical approximation, variational method, sudden impact approximation, adiabatic method. Two chapters (out of a total of 16) include problems on elementary quantum radiation theory and relativistic wave equations. These problems are a useful introduction to the study of quantum field theory and particle physics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[15] viXra:1911.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 02:10:03

Refutation of Differential Hoare Logics with Isabelle/hol

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

e evaluate the ordering of K essential to Kleene algebra with test (KAT). It is not tautologous, but the basis for other conjectures: differential dynamic logic (dL); differential Hoare logic; Morgan-style differential refinement calculus; “reasoning with evolution”; and verification conjectures formalized in Isabelle/HOL. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[14] viXra:1911.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 02:22:29

The Normalized Relativistic Factor: the Leonov's Factor

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages

Relativistic factor relate to the theory of relativity. The fact of the unification of the theory of relativity and quantum theory takes place in the theory of quantum gravitation as a part of the theory of Superunification [1, 2]. Therefore, it became possible for us to relate the region of relativism to quantum physics. The main problem of relativism is the problem of infinite values of mass and energy during the acceleration of an elementary particle to the speed of light. We solved this problem by introducing a normalized relativistic factor - the Leonov's factor which was introduced into theoretical physics after the discovery of the quanton in 1996. The normalized relativistic factor limits the upper limit of the mass and energy of relativistic particles and excludes infinity. So, a proton when reaching the speed of light should have a limited mass equal to the mass of an iron asteroid with a diameter of 1 km. When the speed of light is reached, the relativistic particle passes into the state of the relativistic black micro-hole, limiting its parameters.
Category: Quantum Physics

[13] viXra:1911.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 03:21:20

Special Relativity and the Lorentz Sphere

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 9 Pages.

The Special Theory of Relativity demands, by Einstein’s two postulates (i) the Principle of Relativity and (ii) the constancy of the speed of light in vacuum, that a spherical wave of light in one inertial system transforms, via the Lorentz Transformation, into a spherical wave of light (the Lorentz sphere) in another inertial system when the systems are in constant relative rectilinear motion. However, the Lorentz Transformation in fact transforms a spherical wave of light into a translated ellipsoidal wave of light even though the speed of light in vacuum is invariant. The Special Theory of Relativity is logically inconsistent and therefore invalid.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[12] viXra:1911.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 03:25:13

Evading Heisenberg Quantum Uncertainty

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 95 Pages.

EPFL researchers, with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and IBM Research-Zurich, unravel novel dynamics in the interaction between light and mechanical motion with significant implications for quantum measurements designed to evade the influence of the detector in the notorious 'back action limit' problem. [56] We don't have to get into what they claimed was the mechanism for destroying interference, because our experiment has shown there is an effect on the velocity of the particle, of just the size Heisenberg predicted. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[11] viXra:1911.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 04:05:21

Medical Center AI Infrastructure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

An artificial intelligence (AI) infrastructure developed at the Utrecht University Medical Center (UMC) has enabled easier deployment of AI algorithms and enhanced workflow in daily routine practice, according to a presentation given at the European Society of Medical Imaging Informatics (EuSoMII) annual meeting in Valenca, Spain. [26] A team from Heidelberg University Hospital and the German Cancer Research Centre has developed a new method for the automated image analysis of brain tumors. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[10] viXra:1911.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 04:38:08

On Quantum Field Theory and Gravitation

Authors: Paul R. Gerber
Comments: 9 Pages. Would also fit in category "Quantum Gravity (and String Theory)"

Quantum Field Theory is derived from the relativistic symmetry group, the Lorentz group (LG). Results presented here aim at a basic understanding rather then at treating specific systems. They include: • Categorizing field types in terms of irreducible representations of the LG (infinitely many) • A particular field type, "bosonic quark”, yielding a meson-type candidate for dark matter • Structure of spinor-type fields as 4-vector amplitudes • Flavor as consequence of the permutation group S3 for the three space dimensions • Spin-dynamics equations for general spinor types (spin propagation), yielding phase speeds smaller then one, for spin 1 upwards • Consequently, no free field solutions for spin 1 upwards (asymptotic freedom) • Identification of interaction as propagation of fields of equal transformation type (phase speed) • Gravitation as a consequence of the square-root-density (sqd) nature of fields (density-mediated propagation) • The gravitational field is the scalar field which is the only field that is affected by Lorentz transformations exclusively through its sqd property.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[9] viXra:1911.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 04:14:27

The Split-Collective Psychotropic State

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

Transcendentalism nihilism means that there is no more to transcendentalism than existential nihilism.
Category: Social Science

[8] viXra:1911.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 06:57:56

Perspectives on the Elimination of Cancer Cells Using Rhodochrosite Crystal Through Synchrotron Radiation, and Absorption the Tumoral and NonTumoral Tissues

Authors: Ricardo Gobato, Ibtihal Kadhim Kareem Dosh, Alireza Heidari, Abhijit Mitra, Marcia Regina Risso Gobato
Comments: 2 Pages. Ricardo Gobato, Ibtihal Kadhim Kareem Dosh, Alireza Heidari, Abhijit Mitra and Marcia Regina Risso Gobato. Perspectives on the Elimination of Cancer Cells Using Rhodochrosite Crystal Through Synchrotron Radiation, and Absorption the Tumoral ...

The rhodochrosite as crystal oscillator for being an alternative to those of quartz. The rhodochrosite (MnCO3) shows completesolid solution with siderite (FeCO3), and it may contain substantial amounts of Zn, Mg, Co, and Ca. There is no precedent in theliterature on the treatment of tumor tissues by eliminating these affected tissues, using rhodocrosite crystals in tissue absorption and eliminating cancerous tissues by synchrotron radiation. The infrared rhodochrosite spectrum of the vibration absorbance frequencies was obtained to verify that these frequencies should be used in synchrotron radiation, which can destroy cancerous cells by absorbing such crystals. Hartree-Fock methods also analyzed APT and Mulliken charges, verifying the main binding sites of Manganese, Oxygen and Carbon atoms in cancerous tumors. Later studies could check the advantages and disadvantages of rhodochrosite in the treatment of cancer through synchrotron radiation, such as one oscillator crystal. An in-depth study is necessary to verify the absorption by the tumoral and non-tumoral tissues of rhodochrosite, before and after irradiating of synchrotron radiation using Small–Angle X–Ray Scattering (SAXS), Ultra–Small Angle X–Ray Scattering (USAXS), Fluctuation X–Ray Scattering (FXS), Wide–Angle X–Ray Scattering (WAXS), Grazing–Incidence Small–Angle X–Ray Scattering (GISAXS), Grazing–Incidence Wide–Angle X–Ray Scattering (GIWAXS), Small–Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS), Grazing–Incidence Small–Angle Neutron Scattering (GISANS), X–Ray Diffraction (XRD), Powder X–Ray Diffraction (PXRD), Wide–Angle X–Ray Diffraction (WAXD), Grazing– Incidence X–Ray Diffraction (GIXD) and Energy–Dispersive X–Ray Diffraction (EDXRD.
Category: Biochemistry

[7] viXra:1911.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 07:10:41

Ulipristal Acetate Determination Using MBTH

Authors: Giri Prasad Gorumutchu1, Venkata Nadh Ratnakaram2, Kishore VNV3
Comments: 7 Pages.

A simple visible spectrophotometric method is proposed for the determination of ulipristal acetate present in bulk and tablet formulation. The currently proposed method is established based on MBTH oxidation by ferric ions to form an active coupling species (electrophile), followed by its coupling with the ulipristal in acidic medium to form high intensi��ied green colored chromophore having max at 609 nm. Validated the method as per the current guidelines of ICH. Beer’s law was obeyed in the concentration range of 6.25 – 37.50 g mL��1 with a high regression coef��icient (r > 0.999). Reproducibility, accuracy, and precision of the method are evident from the low values of R.S.D. This method can be used in quality control laboratories for routine analysis of ulipristal acetate in bulk drug and pharmaceutical dosage forms.
Category: Chemistry

[6] viXra:1911.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 07:31:17

Gravitational Diagram of a Non-Ideal Black Hole

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

In [1], we examined the parameters and properties of an ideal black hole. The ideal black holes characterized discontinuities of the quantized space-time on the surface of the black hole. Its formation is completed. Such a black hole is completely invisible. Non-ideal black holes do not have discontinuities of quantized space-time on the surface of a black hole. Its formation is not completed. Such a black hole has a visible glow due to the reflection of photons from its surface. We describe the state of a black hole by a system of equations in the form of a two-component solution of the Poisson equation for the quantum density of the medium and gravitational potentials. An analysis of the spherical deformation of quantized space-time allows us to look inside a black hole and describe its external gravitational field.
Category: Quantum Physics

[5] viXra:1911.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 07:48:42

Conduction Through Proteins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

In new research, Stuart Lindsay and his colleagues investigate a recently discovered feat carried out by enzymes, and most likely, all proteins. [23] An advanced imaging technique reveals new structural details of S-DNA, ladder-like DNA that forms when the molecule experiences extreme tension. [22] Histones are proteins that regulate the unwinding of DNA in the cell nucleus and the expression of genes based on chemical modifications or "marks" that are placed on their tails. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[4] viXra:1911.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 08:09:32

Hall Response in Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A few months ago, a team of researchers led by Louis Taillefer at the University of Sherbrooke measured the thermal Hall conductivity in several compounds of copper, oxygen and other elements that are also high-temperature superconductors known as 'cuprates.' [26] Now, a new study in the journal Nature by scientists from Spain, the U.S., China and Japan shows that superconductivity can be turned on or off with a small voltage change, increasing its usefulness for electronic devices. [25] Superconducting nanowires could be used as both targets and sensors for the direct detection of dark matter, physicists in Israel and the US have shown. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3] viXra:1911.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 08:24:40

Josephson Vortices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Josephson Vortices MIPT physicists have learned how to locally control Josephson vortices. The discovery can be used for quantum electronics superconducting devices and future quantum processors. [27] A few months ago, a team of researchers led by Louis Taillefer at the University of Sherbrooke measured the thermal Hall conductivity in several compounds of copper, oxygen and other elements that are also high-temperature superconductors known as 'cuprates.' [26] Now, a new study in the journal Nature by scientists from Spain, the U.S., China and Japan shows that superconductivity can be turned on or off with a small voltage change, increasing its usefulness for electronic devices. [25] Superconducting nanowires could be used as both targets and sensors for the direct detection of dark matter, physicists in Israel and the US have shown. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2] viXra:1911.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 09:10:26

In Twin prime Conjecture Constance 4/3

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 12 Pages.

I proved the Twin Prime Conjecture. However, a new problem of mystery with a Constance 4/3 occurred. I have studied this in various ways, but I don't know.
Category: Number Theory

[1] viXra:1911.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 10:34:11

Treatment of Urine

Authors: Ahmed Farghali Abdelrehim
Comments: 14 Pages. A World with an Unlimited Source of Water!

In most recent years, Egypt has been suffering from some grand challenges that disrupt its march of progress. Amongst all these challenges, the dilemma concerning water and agriculture has become worse than before and requires immediate resolution. Egypt depends on conventional water resources that face many problems due to over-consumption and pollution. The purpose of the study is to implement a practical solution related to treatment of wastewater and advanced irrigation water techniques. Therefore, it was decided to conduct an extensive research to find a suitable solution. By taking into account the prior solutions, it was obvious that the chosen solution, which is a urine treatment system provided with an Arduino based irrigation system, will be an ideal solution for water crisis in Egypt. A prototype was constructed with specific design requirements such as the quality of water and the efficiency of irrigation system. By testing the prototype, the results were more preferable than expected as it confirmed that the project fulfilled its design requirements. In conclusion, these promising results gave us a clue that this project will be so powerful on large scales in the near future.
Category: Chemistry