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1911 Submissions

[490] viXra:1911.0528 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-01 09:06:50

Continuous Creation and Destruction of Matter and Energy in a Spinning Sphere Universe

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 2 Pages. replaced title

Our universe appears to be 13.8 billion years old, or at least have an age. But the author sees evidence that the universe is infinitely old, but continually has new matter created and old matter destroyed. How could such a mechanism exist? A universe that appears to continually expand could be part of this mechanism. This paper proposes that there is a mechanism that causes this appearance of expansion and it all takes place in a spinning sphere universe that is infinitely old, but it always rejuvenates. This continuous creation of matter has been proposed before [4]. The difference in this paper is that the universe never changes size, and matter is always continuously destroyed as well.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[489] viXra:1911.0527 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 09:13:10

Quantum Dot Lasers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

(NTU Singapore) have developed a way to make Colloidal Quantum Dots produce laser light with the help of an electric field. [29] University of Toronto Engineering researchers have combined two emerging technologies for next-generation solar power-and discovered that each one helps stabilize the other. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[488] viXra:1911.0526 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 09:52:47

Anti-Gravity, a Mechanism for the Appearance of an Expanding Universe in a Spinning Sphere Universe

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Our universe appears to be expanding away from every point in the universe. The measurements of this phenomena is seen in the red-shifting of light. No mechanism for this expansion has been proven. This paper proposes that there is a mechanism that causes this expansion and it all takes place in a spinning sphere universe that is infinitely old, but it always rejuvenates.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[487] viXra:1911.0525 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 10:17:22

II.La Conjetura de Collatz (continuación).

Authors: Miguel Cerdá Bennassar
Comments: 7 Pages.

Este escrito es continuación del publicado en Agosto 2019 con título "LA CONJETURA DE COLLATZ. Orden y armonía en los números de las secuencias".
Category: Number Theory

[486] viXra:1911.0523 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 10:59:17

Quantum Dots Without Heavy Metals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

A team at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology has announced that they have improved quantum dot (QD) technology for use in large displays by developing QDs that are both more efficient and have no heavy metals. [30] Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed a way to make Colloidal Quantum Dots produce laser light with the help of an electric field. [29] University of Toronto Engineering researchers have combined two emerging technologies for next-generation solar power-and discovered that each one helps stabilize the other. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[485] viXra:1911.0522 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 11:23:25

Electro-Optical Computing Processors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

The first ever integrated nanoscale device which can be programmed with either photons or electrons has been developed by scientists in Harish Bhaskaran's Advanced Nanoscale Engineering research group at the University of Oxford. [47] So far, techniques for computing Hamiltonian eigenstates on quantum computers have been primarily based on phase estimation or variational algorithms, which are designed to approximate the lowest energy eigenstate (i.e., ground state) and a number of excited states. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[484] viXra:1911.0521 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 12:37:24

Perovskite Nanocrystals Durability

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Perovskite nanocrystals hold promise for improving a wide variety of optoelectronic devices-from lasers to light emitting diodes (LEDs)-but problems with their durability still limit the material's broad commercial use. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[483] viXra:1911.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 13:08:24

Microneedle Reversible Contraception

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

In an effort to increase access to long-acting contraception, a US-based research team has developed a microneedle patch that slowly releases contraceptive hormone for more than a month, and generates no biohazardous sharps waste (Science Advances 10.1126/sciadv.aaw8145). [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25] Using x-rays to reveal the atomic-scale 3-D structures of proteins has led to countless advances in understanding how these molecules work in bacteria, viruses, plants, and humans—and has guided the development of precision drugs to combat diseases such as cancer and AIDS. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[482] viXra:1911.0519 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 13:59:45

Scratching Perovskite Surface

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

"These perovskite surfaces are much more dynamic than we previously anticipated," said Stecker. [31] Perovskite nanocrystals hold promise for improving a wide variety of optoelectronic devices—from lasers to light emitting diodes (LEDs) - but problems with their durability still limit the material's broad commercial use. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[481] viXra:1911.0518 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 15:25:52

Compressive Analysis and the Future for Privacy

Authors: Suyash Shandilya
Comments: Pages. THIS WORK IS CURRENTLY UNDER PROGRESS

Compressive analysis is the name given to the family of techniques that map raw data to their smaller representation. Largely, this includes data compression, data encoding, data encryption, and hashing. In this paper, we analyse the prospects of such technologies in realising customisable individual privacy. We enlist the dire need to establish privacy preserving frameworks and policies and how can individuals achieve a trade-off between the comfort of an intuitive digital service ensemble and their privacy. We examine the current technologies being implemented, and suggest the crucial advantages of compressive analysis.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[480] viXra:1911.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 18:04:01

Il Vero Volto Dell'elettrone

Authors: Francesco Ferrara
Comments: 16 Pages.

Il documento presenta un nuovo modello per l'elettrone; le proprietà distintive di questa importantissima particella si evincono direttamente dal modello stesso, in modo chiaro ed inequivocabile. Il modello da risposte convincenti e significative a domande a cui la scienza ufficiale non ha mai dato risposte convincenti. Dal modello emergono tutte le proprietà distintive come lo spin, l'origine della massa, la massa relativistica, senza che queste ultime siano assunte a priori "sic et simpliciter". Di seguito anche un link ad un video, realizzato dal sottoscritto, che spiega in modo chiaro le peculiarità del nuovo modello, mostrando anche delle animazioni in 3D. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PtMJon49DPg&t=929s
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[479] viXra:1911.0516 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 21:13:33

Integrating Induction and Deduction in Order to Complement Experiments and Priors for the Understanding, Forecast, Control and Foresight of Apparently Complex Processes in Internet of Beings.

Authors: Diego Liberati
Comments: 12 Pages.

integrating inference and deductions
Category: Quantitative Biology

[478] viXra:1911.0513 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 02:59:28

Factoring ANY Second Order Linear Ordinary Differential Equation

Authors: Claude Michael Cassano
Comments: 4 Pages.

Any Second Order Linear Ordinary Differential Equation may be factored via two linear differential operators. The initial theorem demonstrates that for homogeneous 2nd order LODEs. Theorems that follow improve by supplying the solution of such factorization, extending the theorem to inhomogeneous LODEs, and further providing a generalization which includes the constant coefficients and Cauchy-Euler LODEs; culminating in a single-parameter LODE solution formula with suggested usage examples.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[477] viXra:1911.0512 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 03:36:02

Adiabatic Quantum Shortcuts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

In the quantum world 'adiabatic' processes are those in which the system controls are modified slowly. [30] In quantum physics, some of the most interesting effects are the result of interferences. [29] When Nebraska's Herman Batelaan and colleagues recently submitted a research paper that makes the case for the existence of a non-Newtonian, quantum force, the journal asked that they place "force" firmly within quotes. [28] Computing the dynamics of many interacting quantum particles accurately is a daunting task.
Category: Quantum Physics

[476] viXra:1911.0511 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 04:09:21

Superconducting Under Attack

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

"After thirty years, evidence is mounting that high Tc-superconductivity is pointing toward a radically new form of matter, which is governed by the consequences of quantum entanglement in the macroscopic world." [18] The emerging field of spintronics leverages electron spin and magnetization. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[475] viXra:1911.0510 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 05:12:35

The Dirac-Ricci Operator

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in english

We define a Dirac type operator called the Dirac-Ricci operator with help of the Ricci curvature.
Category: Geometry

[474] viXra:1911.0509 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-14 19:41:05

Über Die Substanz Von Raum Und Zeit

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 7 Pages. Added note on spacetime engineering at pp. 6-7.

My personal, and probably biased, opinion on the substance or spacetime, with wide-ranging implications.
Category: Quantum Physics

[473] viXra:1911.0508 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 07:54:46

Evidence for the Generation of Baryons from Electromagnetic Instabilities of the Vacuum from a Comparison with Energetic Cosmic Rays Data for Protons.

Authors: Osvaldo F. Schilling
Comments: 14 Pages. 3 figures

Following previous work, we present a field-theoretical treatment in which baryons are generated from perturbations of magnetodynamic origin built upon a background sea of excitations located by the model at 3.7 GeV. A Zeta-function regularization procedure previously adopted for the Casimir Effect is applied to account for the infinite range of the excitations spectrum, and states of negative energy compared to the background state( in the physical form of vortices) are obtained to represent the baryons. A prediction of this theory is that if the energy difference of 2.7 GeV between the vacuum background energy level and a proton rest energy is surpassed by energetic protons, such particles might not be detected since the vortices would become unstable. In reality, a marked decrease in the flux of cosmic rays protons is observed beyond 2.7GeV kinetic energies. Such results gives support to the existence of a vacuum energy state at 3.7 GeV, but the fact that protons are still observed in small amounts even at extremely high energies cannot fit in the simple vortex picture. We argue that at very high energies the binding interactions between individual constituents inside protons not considered in the vortex picture become relevant and this determines the survival of part of the protons in the rays.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[472] viXra:1911.0507 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-30 08:54:53

A Study on the Enhancement of the Breaker Ability of Contactors

Authors: Yong Chol Jong, Un Chol Ri, Gum Chol Ri
Comments: 5 Pages.

Increasing the life of contactors, which are widely used in the power industry, is a very important issue. In this paper, a new U-shaped arc lattice was introduced to increase the arc extinguishing capacity of the contactor.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[471] viXra:1911.0506 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 10:10:55

Problem of the Origin of Profit

Authors: James Smith
Comments: 34 Pages. Enjoy

I think I have proved that in an economy with fixed amount of money, no monetary profit is sustainable. The aggregate prices will always be above the public purchasing ability, therefore we have a mathematical problem. The notion that banks create new money is incorrect, that's why the government has to create new money and periodically inject it into circulation. Circulation with fixed amount of money would be inefficient and won't allow effective consumption of all the products produced.
Category: Economics and Finance

[470] viXra:1911.0505 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 12:38:58

Further Ramanujan’s Equations Applied to Various Sectors of Particle Physics and Cosmology: Some Possible New Mathematical Connections. V

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 176 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed further Ramanujan formulas and described new possible mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle Physics and Cosmology
Category: Mathematical Physics

[469] viXra:1911.0504 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 12:59:18

Eigenstates on Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

So far, techniques for computing Hamiltonian eigenstates on quantum computers have been primarily based on phase estimation or variational algorithms, which are designed to approximate the lowest energy eigenstate (i.e., ground state) and a number of excited states. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[468] viXra:1911.0503 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 13:23:34

Hypothetical X17 Particle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

A new paper from the same team, led by Attila Krasznahorkay at the Atomki institute in Hungary, now reports another anomaly, in a similar nuclear transition, that could also be explained by the same hypothetical particle. [28] These new subatomic particles could either be made of six heavy quarks (charm and bottom) or heavy and strange quarks. [27] Argonne scientists look to 3-D printing to ease separation anxiety, which paves the way to recycle more nuclear material. [26] Recently, scientists suggested switching from electron to nuclear transitions that may considerably increase the precision of clocks due to higher frequency. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been "squeezed" to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by "twisted light" can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[467] viXra:1911.0502 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 18:47:00

Cheap, Small Electric Space Propulsion

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this research, the author proposes a fundamentally different way to launch spacecraft. The method is characterized in that the spacecraft is accelerated by an electric accelerator that ionizes the air and throws it at a high speed regardless of the speed of the accelerator itself. The accelerator returns to the launch site after the launch and returns the energy spent on accelerating the accelerator body. That is, the electric ground (from the power plant) energy is spent only on the acceleration of the spacecraft itself. As a result, we have the lowest possible launch cost (about $1 / kg) and are not limited in the number of launches. This will allow us to really engage in space exploration. In addition, in wartime, it allows an unlimited number of military vehicles to launch and organize anti-missile defense (electric gun). The proposed invention also allows to solve the problem of the engine for hypersonic aircraft.
Category: Classical Physics

[466] viXra:1911.0501 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-05 00:35:43

Mercurian Perihelion Precession (General Relativity Need Not Apply)

Authors: Matthew Taylor
Comments: 2 Pages. Original work. All rights reserved.

The problematic assumption associated with the observed precession of the perihelion of Mercury is Mercury formed as it appears today. If Mercury’s origins were different from its assumed origins, then the calculated estimate of its density would be inaccurate and this minor discrepancy would account for the precession of Mercury’s perihelion. A minor increase in density wouldn't affect Mercury's mass or volume either. (See paper for details.) If Mercury's estimated density is in error, then the calculated precession of Mercury’s perihelion would also be erroneous. Asserting a Relativistic solution would require all values to be accurate and the methodology to be sufficient. And, such a solution would also require ignoring the actual formation of the planet Mercury.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[465] viXra:1911.0500 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 01:49:06

Physical Principles in Revealing the Working Mechanisms of Brain, Part One

Authors: Nicolae Mazilu
Comments: 50 Pages.

This work is addressed to a wide range of scientists who approach the research of the human brain from different points of view. Our main point is that no matter of the angle of approach in the brain research, a scientist has to be aware of the physical possibility of working of the brain. We describe this possibility by modeling the brain as light. The essential physical property of this model is fractality. It will be physically explained for the light itself and then applied as such to the brain. The main brain functions: the memory, acquiring information, and handling this information are then explained as scale transient fractal phenomena. This physical model is thereby useful in guiding any research on brain, no matter of its nature.
Category: Physics of Biology

[464] viXra:1911.0499 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-17 06:30:09

Associating Bending Geometry with Bending Space-Time

Authors: Donghui Wang
Comments: 19 Pages.

In this study, a method of bending a fan ring-shaped copper sheet into a “3D arc” or a “ring” is introduced, and the physical mechanism and mathematical connections during bending process are analyzed. Then, the shape and formation principle of the “ring” and a water wave are analyzed and compared. It is concluded that a “ring” and a water wave have many similarities. The measure of how much the water body is bent is deduced by referring to the measure of how much the quadrant is bent. Then, the relationship between the shape evolution and physical quantity variation in the water wave is studied. A series of equivalent relations are obtained, and these relations are applied to the energy calculations of a water wave or a gravitational wave. Finally, it is concluded that in the future, people will be able to determine the distance from the interception point to the gravitational wave center, the energy of the gravitational wave, and the momentum as well as and the surface gravitational acceleration of the moving body by analyzing various data of the gravitational waves from other planets.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[463] viXra:1911.0498 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 03:07:56

A New Take on Gravitational Waves

Authors: Jeremy Dunning-Davies, Richard Lawrence Norman
Comments: 3 Pages.

Following recent announcements concerning the detection of gravitational waves and the accompanying claims that this offers further proof of the validity of the theory of general relativity, here some long forgotten work showing that the existence of such waves was predicted in the very early years of the last century and had been hinted at even before that is brought to light. Yet again the question of whether or not a piece of experimental work establishes the place of general relativity in modern physics is raised.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[462] viXra:1911.0497 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 04:27:31

Magnetic Waves for Efficient Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

MIT researchers have devised a novel circuit design that enables precise control of computing with magnetic waves-with no electricity needed. [38] Scientists have added a crucial tool to the atomic-scale manufacturing toolkit with major implications for today's data driven-carbon intensive-world, according to new research from the University of Alberta in Canada. [37] From books to floppy disks to magnetic memory, technologies to store information continue to improve. Yet threats as simple as water and as complex as cyberattacks can still corrupt our records. [36] Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have come up with a way to manipulate tungsten diselenide (WSe2)-a promising two-dimensional material-to further unlock its potential to enable faster, more efficient computing, and even quantum information processing and storage. [35] The human brain has amazing capabilities making it in many ways more powerful than the world's most advanced computers. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[461] viXra:1911.0496 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 05:14:51

Photon in Organic Solar Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Organic solar cells are steadily improving as new materials are developed for the active layer, particularly when materials are stacked in a bulk heterojunction design that takes advantage of multiple combined absorption windows to use photons at more parts of the spectrum. [37] The experiments showed that quantum light can be used to probe enzyme activities in real time without perturbing the sample. [36] The biological technique of 'optogenetics' uses light to control cells within living tissues that have been genetically modified to be light-sensitive. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[460] viXra:1911.0495 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 08:14:14

Gravitation - Flat Power Field

Authors: Sergey A. Orlov
Comments: 10 Pages.

A new principle of origin and the nature of the action of gravity forces are proposed. Forces of universal attraction have plane-symmetrical directions. On this basis, it becomes possible to reconsider certain regularities in natural science. The new principle of gravitation will allow to explain physical paradoxes, to improve methods of scientific research and some technological processes.
Category: Classical Physics

[459] viXra:1911.0494 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 08:16:38

Genesis of the Planet Earth

Authors: Sergey A. Orlov
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this article we consider the origin and subsequent evolution of our planet. Theoretical studies are based on the author's theory of vortex gravity, cosmology and cosmogony, and also on the law of conservation of the angular momentum of the body's rotation. As a practical justification for calculations and conclusions, the well-known fact of slowing the rotation of the Earth is used. The principles of the formation of elementary particles and all types of inorganic and organic substances are proposed. The calculation of the physical state of our planet in the past and in the future is done. The age of the Earth is calculated in the article, which exceeds the generally accepted value by 1.2 billion years. It is shown that the principle of the origin and evolution of the Earth is fully applicable for the genesis of all other celestial bodies.
Category: Classical Physics

[458] viXra:1911.0493 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 08:19:13

On Invariant Speed of Light

Authors: Sergey A. Orlov
Comments: 6 Pages.

A new physical model of the appearance of light, properties, and its trajectory. Explains the paradox of invariance and isotropy of light based on the laws of classical physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[457] viXra:1911.0492 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 08:21:28

Photon Mass

Authors: Sergey A. Orlov
Comments: 6 Pages.

The atomic structure is presented on the basis of the theory of vortex gravitation. The feasibility and calculation of the values of the density and mass of electromagnetic particles are proposed. A calculation is made, which proves that the photon must have mass. In the calculations, some physical characteristics of electromagnetic particles that are accepted by modern physics are refuted.
Category: Classical Physics

[456] viXra:1911.0490 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 08:31:43

Equivalence of Energy and Atomic Gravitation

Authors: Sergey A. Orlov
Comments: 4 Pages.

Investigated directly proportional dependence of the energy end mass of a physical object on the strength of the vortex gravitation, which created the object.
Category: Classical Physics

[455] viXra:1911.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 08:05:14

Topological (in) Hegel

Authors: Borislav G. Dimitrov
Comments: 521 Pages.

Preface Even a cursory reading of Hegel’s works is sufficient to convince one that the categories of quality and quantity, the concepts of space, time, place are basic to the system. In contrast with Aristotle and Kant, Hegel’s speculative logic exhibits a presuppositionless derivation of the categories. Hegel regards his categories, concepts and notions not as completed and frozen. For him, the categories must be derived, not from presupposed forms of judgement, or from our presuppositions, but from what he calls the sheer ‘simplicity of thinking’, from the indeterminate being of thought and from the indeterminate thought of being. Hegel’s categories of quality and quantity, in particular ‘qualitative quantity’ in relation with his concepts of space, time, place are subject to which much attention has not been paid by Hegel’s expositors and commentators and yet the importance of it cannot be denied. (Haldar,1932). Topological reading of ‘qualitative quantity’ within Hegel’s fourfold (manifold) of multiplicity is subject that lack attention at all from Hegel’s commentators. This conceptual gap, ontological, epistemological, phenomenological is widening within the ‘linguistic turn’, ‘spatial turn’ or ‘topological turn’ and emerging topological approaches to various fields of social science and their need for deep conceptualization based on the philosophical categories, notions and concepts. As Richard Ek establishes in Theorizing the Earth (2010), “The spatial turn is actually a ‘philosophical turn’ repackaged and promoted as a fundamental concern with question of space, place and polity in the social sciences and humanities.” (Ek, Richard, Mekonnen, T. 2010:49-66) John WP Phillips, who critically examines the recent arguments asserting a ‘topological turn’ in culture, the range of topologically informed interventions in social and cultural theory, remarkes in his paper On Topology (2013) , that such contemporary fashionable notions of ‘topological approaches’ and ‘becoming topological of culture’ “demands a greater critical reflection than the notion of a ‘topological turn’ suggests.” I believe that such demand of critical reflection shall be based on Hegel’s categories of logic, notions and concept, and following my assertion that ‘topological’ in intuitively presented by Hegel in his logic, dialectic and method, with the present thesis I argue how Hegel’s categories of qualitative and quantitative, the concept of space, time and place can provide contemporary researcher with the power and methodology of such a greater critical reflection, and ability to readdress in the new and enhanced mode the variety of these toplogical approaches. The methodology of an applied philosophical topology shall be based on the topological re-reading of Hegel and topological hermeneutics. The main objective of the present thesis is to demonstrate how Hegel’s categories, concepts, language, syntax and semantics, his use of rethorical power exibit topological notions and thus the reading of topological (in) Hegel is open for conceptualization. Perhaps it would not be an exaggeration to say that there is no system of thought more intimately bound up with one fundamental principle than is the system of Hegel. My assertion with the present thesis is that topological reading of Hegel reviels true topological system, thus there are reasonable grounds for us to see the doctrine of Hegel, in particular his Science of Logic and Philosophy of Nature as Hegel’s Analysis Situs. A correct interpretation of Hegel’s system depends upon a thorough comprehension of the categories of quality and quantity, the concepts of space, time, and place. If these categories and concepts are neglected, the system must remain a sealed book. The aim of the present thesis is to unseal the topological character of Hegel’s though, that influenced the formation and presence of topological thinking within the tradition of later continental philosophy and directs toward the horizon of new philosophical topology. The concern of the present thesis is to set forth topological reading and interpretation of such categories as quality and quantiny, in particular the qualitative quantity within Hegel’s forfold of multiplicity and such concepts as space, time, place, to emphasize on the importance of topological (in) Hegel for a theory of knowledge, and, in the light of it, and to give some insight toward the current philosophical topology. The aim of the thesis is to critically examine whether it is methodologically possible to combine mathematical rigor – topology with a systematic dialectical methodology in Hegel, and if so, to provide as result of my interpretation the outline of Hegel’s Analysis Situs, also with the proposed models (build on the topological manifold, cobordism, topological data analysis, persistent homology, simplicial complexes and graph theory, to provide an indication of how the merger of Hegel’s dialectical logic and topology may be instrumental to a systematic logician and of how a systematic dialectical logic perspective may help mathematical model builders. Abstract The present study is interdisciplinary, involving the interrelations between philosophy and topology, where topology is understood in both meanings as mathematical discipline and rhetorical notions, and culminating to what I regard as topological philosophy or philosophical topology, based in particular on Hegel’s notion of multiplicity, implemented in his logic unfolding the true topological fourfold of infinities, where qualitative and quantitative, spatial and temporal, as well as rhetorical notions such as the four basic tropes of rhetoric: ‘metaphor’, ‘metonymy’, ‘synecdoche’, ‘ironi’ are presented in Hegel’s manifold (Mannigfaltigkeit) of infinities, quality and quantity, time and space. Not only these four basic tropes of rhetoric are equally presented in Hegel’s philosophical narratives, but also the emphasis is on the metonymy seen as metonymy of metonymy or ‘metalepsis’, is strongly presented in Hegel’s logic, in particular in his ‘topological’ notion of Qualitative quantity. The study investigate in particular the categories of ‘quality’, ‘quantity’ and ‘measures’ within the notions of ‘multiplicity in Hegel’s dialectical logic, with an emphasis on the topological notion of qualitative quantity - the category that remained ‘inapparent’ within the well know dialectics of transformation of quality to quality, where the new quality appears as leap (nodal line) exhibiting abrupt changes and discontinuous transformation leading to the new measure. The exhibit form of Hegel’s qulitative quantity is related with continuous changes and smooth, gradual, topological transformations. The gradualness of such transformations demonstrates topological homeomorphism as exhibit form of the category of qualitative quantity, which can be successfully implemented in mathematical, indeed topological models and methods, such as topological manifold, cobordism, topological data analysis, persistent homology, simplicial complexes and graph theory. The topological notions of multiplicity in Hegel’s fourfold of infinities is discussed: (1) the bad qualitative infinity; (2) the good qualitative infinity; (3) the bad quantitative infinity; (4) the good quantitative infinity, related with the fourfold interplay of the two pair of Ancient Greek categories of ‘time’ and ‘space’ as fourfold constructed of ‘Chronos’ and ‘Kairos’, ‘Chora’ and ‘Topos’ as follow: (1) chronochora, chronotopos, kairochora and kairotopos - where the four categorical models implements the following: ‘quantitative quantity’ – ‘quantitative quality’ - ‘qualitative quantity’ – ‘qualitative quality’. The claim supported is that ‘quality’ is in the core of ‘quantitative infinity’, ‘infinity’ is a quality of quantity – ‘Qualitative quantity’. There is homology between Hegel’s fourfold of infinities (multiplicity) and the fourfold of Hegel’s judgments (Judgment of Existence; Judgment of Reflection; Judgment of Necessity; Judgment of the Notion). The true topological character of Hegel’s logic is revealed as coherence between Hegel’s fourfold of infinities (multiplicity) and the fourfold of Hegel’s judgments, between method and subject matter, and this topological character is presented in Hegel through the double negation, where the Understanding and its negation, Dialectical Reason, and the Negation of the Negation – Speculative Reason, can be seen in the fourfold of Hegel’s judgments. In the very last chapter of Hegel’s Science of Logic, method and subject matter supposedly conjoin. (Carlson 2005). Following William Lawvere’s assertion (Lawvere, 1996) that a significant fraction of Hegel’s Logic can be modeled mathematically through the use of “cylinders” (diagrams of shape Δ) in a category, wherein the two identical subobjects (united by the third map in the diagram) are “opposite”.about the use of “cylinders” (diagrams of shape Δ), my interpretation of Hegel’s Objective Logic offer methodological modeling of the categories, based on cylinders - the ‘cobordism’, and on the shape Δ - the ‘simplicial complex’ (simplicial complexes). Hegel’s fourfold of infinities is build on the fourfold of quality and quantity ratio – the notions and ratios of quantitative quantity; quantitative quality; qualitative quantity; qualitative quality. The fourfold of the qualitative and quantitative ratios, relate to the fourfold of the measure. All measures are ratios of two other measures. Measure is twofold, divided into two—the external and the internal measure. This is the dialectical real of the real measure. Measure is the unity of quality and quantity, yet in the center of the series of measures is a master signifier that organizes everything, even while escaping measurement. This ‘master signifier’, the empty center between quality and quantity is like the hole of the torus, the nothing, the void, and Hegel names it ‘substrate.’ The substrate is discontinuous within the series of measure and continuous at the same time. The substrate is what Hegel calls a true infinity. Substrate can be organized in a series of measures. Substrate is abstract measureless. What is important to see at this point in relation to measure is entailed in a duality between the nodal relation of quantity and quality, on the one side, and substrate, on the other side. The first side is measure as such—quantity and quality. The second side—the substrate—is something deeper than quantity and quality. The model of Cobordism (Rene Thom) is proposed as topological model of Hegel’s fourfold of infinities within his concept of multiplicity. For Hegel multiplicity means the quantification of quality and the qualification of quantity, multiplicity of the double-entendre implemented in the inevitable double-meaning of Qualitative quantity. For Hegel, the inability to read history as two-sided, as both continuous and discrete, to co-board between, into, within this twofold, to see beings as double, as both qualitative and quantitative, is the road to the destruction of spirit. Trough the ‘Topological’, Hegel’s logic and dialectics are seen in the current. Today, it is Hegel who give us the true, current, topological reply on the question - What does it mean to think multiplicity as both quality and quantity? Topological is subject to philosophical systematization, as well as the philosophical is subject to topological (mathematical) formalization. In the development of philosophy and mathematics (mathematical and philosophical Mind) there is mathesis universalis and some "problematic situations" that have a common "categorial" structure to study them and the "method" of the study can not be other than "mathematical (topological) modeling" or "explication" of philosophical "categories" and together with it – categorial (philosophical) "interpretation" of the mathematical (topological) "structures". Philosophical-topological (mathematical) Mind and mathematical (topological)-philosophical Mind have one and the same "subject", to whom study apply with the two "polar-opposite” of its "form" methods, or studying the same "subject" in the two polar-opposite "forms" through "method", which is inherently "the same". Novel ‘topological’ reading of Hegel’s notions of spatial and temporal, qualitative and quantitative, is proposed as fundamental in re-thinking of the evolution of hierarchical systems. The evolution of hierarchical systems is approached topologically as specific ‘problem situation’ for mathematical and philosophical mind, in the term of Philosophical Analisis Situs, where philosophical aspect is present through the categories of Hegel’s multiplicity – the dialectics and logic of ‘qualitative’ and ‘quantitative’, spatial and temporal, and mathematical aspect is presented through the models, such as Cantor Set, logistic map, bifurcation diagrams and topological notion of Cobordism. In addition to the Hierarchical (vertical evolution) relations, an emphasis on the topological notion of qualitative quantity in Hegel, reveals the role of Heterarchy and heteronomy in Evolution (horizontal evolution), since the exhibit form of Qualitative quantity is related with continuous changes and smooth, gradual, topological transformations. The gradualness of such transformations demonstrates topological homeomorphism as exhibit form of the category of Qualitative quantity, which could be successfully implemented in mathematical, indeed topological models and methods. Hegel’s notions of manifold presented in the model of Rene Thom’s cobordism is discussed and implemented through the logistic map of Feigenbaum bifurcation Diagram accepted as universal scenario of development, change and evolution. The proposed outcome demonstrate that within the interval of chaos, marked in the Feigenbaum Diagram, where the parameter ‘a’ increase over the value of 3.0 in the higher octaves of 4.33 , the ‘voices’ of Hegel and Cantor are present within the region of chaos known as Cantor dust. In the zone of chaos and Cantor dust, Hegel’s multiplicity and four measures works in progress and logic breaths the thin air of being retrieving itself in metaphysic. Beyond the octaves of the values 4.33 in Feigenbaum bifurcation Diagram, within the chaos, there are the heads of Canto comets or the divergence diagrams, where can be found the seeds of the new orders and multiplicity (manifolds) of new bifurcations and Feigenbaum diagrams. The visible ‘white’ corridors of homeostasis are windows open for new hierarchies of order and possibilities of development. Based on the said proposition, the focus of the present paper is on the evolutionary scenario, where in addition to the currently accepted paradigm of hierarchy of evolutionary systems where the core of representation is through the phylogenetic tree structure (vertical evolution), the thesis of reticulate (horizontal evolution) is asserted and discussed as exhibiting the heterarchy and heteronomy of evolutionary systems. The standard evolutionary representation, the phylogenetic tree, and the notion of hierarchy of evolutionary systems, faithfully represents the vertical evolution, but cannot capture horizontal, or reticulate, events, which occur when distinct clades merge together to form a new hybrid lineage. Both hierarchy and heterarchy of the tree structure and the structure of reticulate events could be mathematically investigated, modeled and represented through the field of algebraic topology known as Topological Data Analysis, where the primary mathematical tool considered is a homology theory for point-cloud data sets—persistent homology—and a novel representation of this algebraic characterization— simplicial complex and barcodes. The persistent homology in evolution, which characterizes global properties of a geometric object that are invariant to continuous deformation, such as stretching or bending without tearing or gluing any single part of it, and the properties that includes such notions as connectedness, is the current method of implementation of Hegel’ topological logic of multiplicity and Qualitative quantity.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[454] viXra:1911.0488 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 06:32:40

Logic Cila (Da Costa’s C1) Confirmed as Algebraizable, Refuting Paraconsistent Set Theory

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

For logic Cila, we evaluate the implication connective truth table from 2001 which is not tautologous. This means the implication connective is algebraizable and refuted, and further refutes paraconsistent logic, and the derived conjecture of paraconsistent set theory as based thereon from 2019. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[453] viXra:1911.0487 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 07:21:22

Heating Plasma by Cooling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

When you cool the edge of the plasma by injecting impurities, what every standard theory and intuition would tell you is that a cold pulse propagates in, so that eventually the core temperature will drop as well. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[452] viXra:1911.0486 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 07:47:36

Cutting Nanoparticles to Size

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

In a new study, published in Nature Communications, researchers from the University of Birmingham and the University of Bath have demonstrated a technique that will allow chemists to more closely control the size and shape of nanoparticles. [33] Rice University scientists have found revealing information where light from a molecule meets light from a nanoparticle. [32] A University of Wyoming researcher and his team have shown, for the first time, the ability to globally align single-wall carbon nanotubes along a common axis. [31] The fight against global antibiotic resistance has taken a major step forward with scientists discovering a concept for fabricating nanomeshes as an effective drug delivery system for antibiotics. [30] The solution consisting of colloidal quantum dots is inkjet-printed, creating active photosensitive layer of the photodetector. [29] I'm part of a group of nanotechnology and neuroscience researchers at the University of Washington investigating how quantum dots behave in the brain. [28] Nanotechnology may provide an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease, a team of researchers suggests. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[451] viXra:1911.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 09:43:25

Clarkson’s Disease: a Rare Syndrome to Better Understand Science

Authors: Diego Liberati
Comments: 16 Pages.

a priming on such rare disease
Category: Physics of Biology

[450] viXra:1911.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 09:47:14

Fermat Triples using Modular Arithmetic

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 1 Page.

Andrew Wiles proved there are no integers x, y, and z and a prime p ≥ 3 with x^p+y^p +z^p=0. We use the Barlow relations to generate Fermat Triples where x^p+y^p +z^p ≡ 0 for an infinite number of moduli.
Category: Number Theory

[449] viXra:1911.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-29 09:47:49

SCLS Una Sindrome Rara Per L’approfondimento Scientifico (In Italian, Internal Report Ieiit CNR)

Authors: Diego Liberati
Comments: 7 Pages.

a priming in Italian
Category: Physics of Biology

[448] viXra:1911.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 10:08:20

The Shocking Hypothesis of the Double Settlement of Humanity.

Authors: Alexander I. Dubinyansky, Julia A. Krupenina.
Comments: 6 Pages. dubinyansky@mail.ru

The hypothesis that the resettlement of a person after leaving Africa occurs for the second time is substantiated. The first resettlement ended 65,000 years ago with a military or genetic disaster and the self-destruction of mankind.
Category: Archaeology

[447] viXra:1911.0481 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 10:11:51

Шокирующая гипотеза двойного расселения человечества.

Authors: Александр И. Дубинянский и Юлия А. Крупенина.
Comments: 6 Pages. dubinyansky@mail.ru

Обоснована гипотеза о том, что расселение человека после выхода из Африки происходит во второй раз. Первое расселение закончилось 65.000 лет назад военной или генетической катастрофой и самоистреблением человечества.
Category: Archaeology

[446] viXra:1911.0480 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 10:51:26

Molecular Eraser for AI Data Storage

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Scientists have added a crucial tool to the atomic-scale manufacturing toolkit with major implications for today's data driven-carbon intensive-world, according to new research from the University of Alberta in Canada. [37] From books to floppy disks to magnetic memory, technologies to store information continue to improve. Yet threats as simple as water and as complex as cyberattacks can still corrupt our records. [36] Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have come up with a way to manipulate tungsten diselenide (WSe2)-a promising two-dimensional material-to further unlock its potential to enable faster, more efficient computing, and even quantum information processing and storage. [35] The human brain has amazing capabilities making it in many ways more powerful than the world's most advanced computers. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[445] viXra:1911.0479 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 13:22:22

Policies for Constraining the Behaviour of Coalitions of Agents in the Context of Algebraic Information Theory

Authors: Christopher Goddard
Comments: 27 Pages.

This article takes an oblique sidestep from two previous papers, wherein an approach to reformulation of game theory in terms of information theory, topology, as well as a few other notions was indicated. In this document a description is provided as to how one might determine an approach for an agent to choose a policy concerning which actions to take in a game that constrains behaviour of subsidiary agents. It is then demonstrated how these results in algebraic information theory, together with previous investigations in geometric and topological information theory, can be unified into a single cohesive framework.
Category: Algebra

[444] viXra:1911.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 23:31:24

On the Generation of High-Energy Gamma Rays Near Sunspots During the Transition from Solar Minimum to Maximum

Authors: Michael Harney
Comments: 6 Pages.

It has been recently discovered by Linden and others that high-energy gamma rays (>100 GeV in some cases) are being generated from the solar disk near the location of sunspots as the solar cycle progresses from solar minimum to solar maximum, corresponding with the movement of sunspots from the equator to the poles. It is postulated that the generation of the gamma rays are due to the interaction and inter-modulation of multiple magnetic fields near and under sunspots, which from the Wave Structure of Matter, will result in the conversion the static magnetic fields into high-energy gamma rays based on the moving wave structure of the electron, which in turn makes up the magnetic field.
Category: Astrophysics

[443] viXra:1911.0477 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 02:22:12

Evidence, that X^2+y^3=1 and Others Have no Solution in Q>0

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 3 Pages.

Due to the Incompleteness Theorems of Gödel one can say, that some true conjectures do not have valid proofs. One could think it also about my conjectures below, but I was lucky to find evidence for them.
Category: Number Theory

[442] viXra:1911.0476 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 03:21:46

Machine Learning Synchrotron Beams

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Machine learning has been used by scientists in the US to reduce unwanted fluctuations in photon beams from a synchrotron light source. [23] There may not be an obvious connection between rewilding and machine learning, but as highlighted today at ESA's ɸ-week, a project in the Netherlands uses satellite data and new digital technology to understand how a nature reserve responds to the pressure of being grazed by herbivores. [22] At the University of South Florida, researchers are integrating machine learning techniques into their work studying proteins. [21] Bioinformatics professors Anthony Gitter and Casey Greene set out in summer 2016 to write a paper about biomedical applications for deep learning, a hot new artificial intelligence field striving to mimic the neural networks of the human brain. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses-so-called retrosyntheses-with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[441] viXra:1911.0475 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 04:06:09

Topological Metals Spintronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Topological materials have become a hot topic in quantum materials research, as they have potential applications for quantum information and spintronics. [34] The team utilized analytical and ab-initio theories to establish a link between this spin engine concept and room-temperature experiments on a solid-state spintronic device called a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ). [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[440] viXra:1911.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 04:35:32

Van der Waals Single Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Heterostructures with magnetism and topology (geometry) are promising materials to realize exotic topological quantum states. [35] Topological materials have become a hot topic in quantum materials research, as they have potential applications for quantum information and spintronics. [34] The team utilized analytical and ab-initio theories to establish a link between this spin engine concept and room-temperature experiments on a solid-state spintronic device called a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ). [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[439] viXra:1911.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 05:16:15

Heat Fluctuate in Microscopic System

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

"The physical origins of thermodynamic uncertainty relations were obscure until now. Our study shows they can be derived from FTs," Landi said. [27] A solid can serve as a medium for heat and sound wave interactions just like a fluid does for thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators - resulting in leak-free machines that can stay operating longer. [26] Like watchmakers choosing superior materials to build a fine timepiece, physicists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore have singled out an atom that could allow them to build better atomic clocks. [25]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[438] viXra:1911.0472 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 05:34:22

Proton Radius Puzzle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

Instead, it involves smashing electrons into protons at nearly the speed of light, then measuring how far the electrons travel when they bounce off, or scatter, from the protons. [47] Ten years ago, just about any nuclear physicist could tell you the approximate size of the proton. But that changed in 2010, when atomic physicists unveiled a new method that promised a more precise measurement. [46] "Spin has surprises. Everybody thought it's simple … and it turns out it's much more complicated," Aschenauer says. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission-and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP)-the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[437] viXra:1911.0471 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 09:00:31

Refutation of the Ping Pong Thought Framework

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the ping pong thought framework in four probabilistic energy states of complete transition and complete reflection. While one state is a theorem, that is not sufficient to establish the schema of the ping pong thought framework, which is hence refuted. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[436] viXra:1911.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-28 09:09:24

Is There A Contradiction In The Physics Book?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

I claim there's a contradiction in the physics book, let's explain it: Lorentz Transformations Effect Lorentz Transformations tell us that, Particle data is created relative to its motion, basically because Particle mass and length are changed because of particle high velocity motion… If Lorentz length contraction is a real effect on particle own nature or just illusion of measurements! This question we have discussed before- and we have found that- Lorentz Length Contraction is a real phenomenon effects on Particle own nature similar to Particle mass increasing as a result of high velocity motion The previous consideration we have adopted for the next reasons: (1)The measurements show this contraction and in physics what's measured is what's real (2)If we consider the length contraction is an illusion of measurements, that tells Particle properties correct definition is found when no difference in motions velocities between me and this particle, which supposes that I'm The Universe Reference Point – that's similar to a person looks at mirror – which pushes us to refuse the claim that the contraction is an illusion of measurement Conclusion I. Lorentz Length Contraction is a real phenomenon effects on Particle own length II. Particle Data is created relative to this particle motion The last conclusion leads us to a contradiction with Newton mechanics Newton had interpreted Planet motion based on the masses gravity between this planet and the sun – So Planet Mass is the reason of its motion But Lorentz transformation tell us that – Particle Data (and mass) is created based on this particle Motion…! i.e. Planet Motion – according to Lorentz Transformation- must be the reason of Planet Mass – so Planet doesn't move by Masses Gravity – because planet mass is created depending on its motion which tells that Planet motion is found before any other planet data! So how does planet move? Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[435] viXra:1911.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 09:54:22

Fifth Fundamental Force

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

The fifth force could exist, but we haven't found it yet. What we do know is that the Standard Model doesn't entirely add up, and that means some very interesting discoveries are waiting to be found. [11] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines also the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[434] viXra:1911.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 10:11:28

Lorentz Length Contraction Is A Real Phenomenon & Not Illusion Of Measurements

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

Paper Question: "Is Lorentz Length Contraction a real phenomenon or illusion of Measurements?" Or … "What's happened For Particle Own Nature, if this particle travels by high velocity?" We have 2 directions to choose from: (1st) to accept the idea that –Particle own nature doesn't change and the contracted length is found as illusion of measurements Or (2nd) to accept the idea that –Particle own nature changes with high velocity motion. I choose the 2nd choice- Why? Because – the 1st choice tells us that – The particle own nature is defined correctly when no difference in motions velocities found between me and this particle – that means – I'm The Universe Reference Point – and this is similar to a person looks at a mirror Specifically for the previous reason we should refuse both next statements "Particle Own Nature doesn't Change" and "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"…. Lorentz equations for particle length and mass provide the sufficient proof for this fact - Particle Length And Mass are changing with high velocity motion – which shows clearly that Particle data is created relative to this particle motion. The previous conclusions are consistent clearly with Lorentz vision based on which Lorentz transformations were created… The basic difficulty here is found with an old unanswered question let's refer to it: How the matter is created? How does any Particle define its data? Conclusion: Lorentz tells us that, Particle own nature and data must be defined relative to this particle motion This conclusion we need to discuss in this paper Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[433] viXra:1911.0467 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 10:13:53

ATLAS Quark-Gluon Plasma

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

A key process examined by ATLAS Experiment physicists involves the annihilation of photons into pairs of oppositely charged muons. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP)-the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[432] viXra:1911.0466 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 11:19:23

Further Ramanujan’s Equations Applied to Various Sectors of Particle Physics and Cosmology: Some Possible New Mathematical Connections. IV

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 146 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed further Ramanujan formulas and described new possible mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle Physics and Cosmology
Category: Mathematical Physics

[431] viXra:1911.0465 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 13:17:38

Polygonal with Segments of Constant Length, Defined by Basic Diagram with Angular Step (C).

Authors: Dante Servi
Comments: 8 Pages.

Further analysis of a polygonal already described in my previous article "How and why to use my graphic method". In these pages I have published some articles on the same subject. To access the page where they are all grouped in the different revisions (v1), (v2), (v ...) do not click on (Pdf) but on my name (Dante Servi).
Category: Geometry

[430] viXra:1911.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 13:35:40

Refutation of Leibniz’ Indiscernibility of Identicals and Identity of Indiscernibles as Equivalent

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate Leibniz’ law(s) of indiscernibility of identicals and identity of indiscernibles which are not equivalents, and the latter is not tautologous. This contradicts Leibniz’ law of identity of indiscernibles. We also note that second-order expressions are expressible as first-order expressions because of the equivalence of respective quantifiers and modal operators in VŁ4. The results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[429] viXra:1911.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 19:28:46

Refutation of More Axioms: Tarski’s; ax-Groth; Grothpw; Limitation of Size; and Class of All Sets

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate Tarski’s axiom, ax-groth, grothpw, the axiom of the limitation of size, and the class of all sets as not tautologous. This further refutes the Tarski–Grothendieck set theory. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[428] viXra:1911.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 23:04:40

An Empirical Analysis of the Factors Affecting the Total Retail Sales of Consumer Goods in China

Authors: Zihao Tong, Yuhong Fu
Comments: 14 Pages.

This paper mainly uses Eviews software to illustrate an empirical analysis and selects Value-added tax, Government spending, Retail Price Index, and Total wages to analyze the Total Retail Sales of Consumer Goods and explain its economic significance.
Category: Economics and Finance

[427] viXra:1911.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 01:47:23

Heavy Thermal Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Astrophysicists have been searching for dark matter for several decades, but these searches have so far yielded disappointing results. In a recent study, two researchers at Weizmann Institute of Science and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel have introduced a new theoretical framework outlining a mechanism of elementary thermal dark matter with a mass up to 10 14 GeV. [23] Scientists have found evidence that dark matter can be heated up and moved around, as a result of star formation in galaxies. [22] Today, an international group of researchers, including Carnegie Mellon University's Rachel Mandelbaum, released the deepest wide field map of the three-dimensional distribution of matter in the universe ever made and increased the precision of constraints for dark energy with the Hyper Suprime-Cam survey (HSC). [21] Scientists are hoping to understand one of the most enduring mysteries in cosmology by simulating its effect on the clustering of galaxies. [20] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved nearly $1 million in funding for the research team, which has been tasked with leveraging large-scale computer simulations and developing new statistical methods to help us better understand these fundamental forces. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[426] viXra:1911.0458 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 02:48:38

Entanglement and Integration (Photons to Particles)

Authors: Matthew Taylor
Comments: 1 Page. Original work. All rights reserved.

This is the third paper in a series intended to breakdown the original paper, Natural Mechanics (http://vixra.org/abs/1911.0294). This paper will build upon the previously discussed photonic discharge from the variations in the spatial field’s densities by adding in the next emergent layer, photonic entanglement. This discussion will lead in to the integration and evolution of particles in the microscopic world.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[425] viXra:1911.0457 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 03:04:42

Upper Limit on Neutrino Mass

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

An international team of researchers has used a new spectrometer to find and set an upper limit for the mass of a neutrino. [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos-the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe-have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector, they were statistically most likely to be in a state of superposition, with no definite flavor or identity. [9] A new study reveals that neutrinos produced in the core of a supernova are highly localised compared to neutrinos from all other known sources. This result stems from a fresh estimate for an entity characterising these neutrinos, known as wave packets, which provide information on both their position and their momentum. [8]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[424] viXra:1911.0456 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 03:25:26

At What Velocity Does an Electron Emits a Photon. Another Proof for Ferent Quantum Gravity

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 457 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

At what velocity does an electron emits a photon? Another proof for Ferent Quantum Gravity “Because the electron is a photon around Dark Matter, the electron receives and emits photons with the speed of light” Adrian Ferent At what velocity does an electron emits a photon? The answer is another proof for Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG). In modern physics a charged particle emits and absorbs energy, but its mechanism was not discovered. All the Nobel Laureates, all the scientists, your professors…were not able to answer to this question: At what velocity does an electron emits a photon? If you want to have fun, just ask your professors these questions: At what velocity does an electron emits a photon? Does have photon an acceleration time? The internet is like a ‘comedy book’ with answers to these questions: Feynman's answer to the question: “An electron emits an ordinary photon in response to being struck by a reverse-time ("advanced") photon that has traveled backward in time from some point in the future.”Some point in the future" could range from femtoseconds (or less) away up to billions of years in the future. The real photon that is emitted in response to the recoil-inducing, backwards-in-time photon travels along the classical time path as a normal or "retarded" photon (no I did not make that up), and eventually strikes the very same target that emitted the advanced photon sometime in the future.” Another scientist said: “The opposite happens when an electron emits a photon. The photon is not selected from a "well" of photons living in the atom; it is created instantaneously out of the vacuum. The electron in the high energy level is instantly converted into a lower energy-level electron and a photon. There is no in-between state where the photon is being constructed. It instantly pops into existance.” 277. I am the first who discovered at what velocity an electron emits a photon 278. I am the first who discovered because the electron is a photon around Dark Matter, the electron receives and emits photons with the speed of light
Category: Quantum Physics

[423] viXra:1911.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-27 08:17:17

Implantable Magnet Resonance Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A team of neuroscientists and electrical engineers from Germany and Switzerland developed a highly sensitive implant that enables to probe brain physiology with unparalleled spatial and temporal resolution. [37] A study published in Nature describes a new design for optical resonators that are more effective at trapping light, an important fundamental step towards making more efficient optical devices. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[422] viXra:1911.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 10:15:25

Hyperbolic Cartesian Tree

Authors: Alexey Podorov
Comments: 7 Pages.

To assess the concepts of philosophy, a spherical coordinate system is proposed. The introduction of a unified approach allows the use of expert assessment method for concepts of philosophy. A periodic system is proposed for assessing the complexity of concepts. For terms used in the analysis of the subject area of the user received positive results.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[421] viXra:1911.0453 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 10:40:39

Existence and Continuous Dependence for Fractional Neutral Functional Differential Equations

Authors: Mohammed S. Abdo, Satish K. Panchal
Comments: 18 Pages.

In this paper, we investigate the existence, uniqueness and continuous dependence of solutions of fractional neutral functional differential equations with infinite delay and the Caputo fractional derivative order, by means of the Banach's contraction principle and the Schauder's fixed point theorem.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[420] viXra:1911.0452 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 11:57:04

Press Release: Multiplication of Triplets

Authors: Clumsy Foo
Comments: 8 Pages. Every mathematical proof is only valid for the range of the few axioms, on which its construction is based! English and German press release.

To all appearances mathematicians are not interested in mathematics, but they are only interested in constructing proofs. After having found a proof that a mathematical statement is correct or wrong, or that a mathematical construction is possible or impossible, mathematicians stop thinking about these statements or constructions. This is problematic for a science which is axiomatically founded in such a severe way.
Category: Algebra

[419] viXra:1911.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 13:49:43

Counting Partitions

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this lecture we count the number of integer partitions P(n) using an elementary algorithm based on the combinatorics of trees, coded using free apps on the iPad.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[418] viXra:1911.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 14:23:59

On the Unit of Imaginary Number

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is the relationship.
Category: Quantum Physics

[417] viXra:1911.0449 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-30 18:30:52

Diophantine Physics

Authors: F.M. Sanchez
Comments: 35 Pages. In French. A resume is submited to Astrophysics and Space Science

The Diophantine interpretation of the third Kepler law directly implies the single electron cosmology and puts forward links between gravitation, quantum physics, cosmology, particle physics and the cristallographic spaces with the superstring 10 and 11-dimensions. The critical condition is interpreted as an holographic conservation that puts back the Planck wall by a factor 10^61, resolving the vacuum energy dilema. Matter is a very rapid (10^103 Hz) oscillation matter-antimatter, while dark matter is a quadrature oscillation. The Nambu mass and the DNA codon mass play a central cosmic role, while the asymetry proton-electron explains the baryon relative density 0.047. The observed matter density is compatible with the trivial value 3/10, itself confirmed by the Eddington's large number. The holographic two-step interaction defines the photon and graviton masses, and confirms the Grandcosmos, which is, contrary to the non-scientific Multiverse, observable by its trace, the Cosmic Microwave Background. The central role of the Atiyah constant is confirmed in the Topological Axis which rehabilitates the bosonic string theory. The forgotten Eddington's Proton-Tau symmetry is confirmed by the diophantine prolongation of the Kepler law (Holic Principle). Connections reaching the ppb precision are obtained with a prediction for G compatible with the BIPM value. The mysterious numerical factors are interpretated as optimal computation bases in a Cosmos-computer, the first step to understand Biology. The overwhelming connections between physical constants, cosmical parameters and biologic ones imply an uinersality of intelligent life,with an holographic coputing ADN. The errors of the present scientific system are analyzed, resulting principally from the forgetting of the Cosmos concept, meaning beauty and simplicity. It would be the reason why extra-terrestrial civilisations dare not communicate with us.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[416] viXra:1911.0448 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-05 01:09:20

Infinite Space, the Default Position

Authors: Matthew Taylor
Comments: 1 Page. Original work. All rights reserved.

This is the first paper in what will be an extensive breakdown of my original paper "Natural Mechanics". When we are considering the vastness of space, the evidence-based arguments in this paper draw the reasonable conclusion the default position should be space is infinite.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[415] viXra:1911.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 02:06:04

An Important Understanding of Code Generation Related Concepts Using HOL - Higher Order Logic/Scala in the Context of JikesRVM - Research Virtual Machine/Jam VM for Testing Smart Devices/IoT/HPC/MongoDB in Heterogeneous Environments & Applications.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Important Understanding of Code Generation Related Concepts Using HOL - Higher Order Logic/Scala in the Context of JikesRVM - Research Virtual Machine/Jam VM for Testing Smart Devices/IoT/HPC/MongoDB in Heterogeneous Environments & Applications. [ Exploring RVM-Research Virtual Machine Functionality on RASPBERRY PI Platforms ]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[414] viXra:1911.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 03:19:54

Milestone in Quantum Standardization

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 95 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Waterloo have developed a method that could pave the way to establishing universal standards for measuring the performance of quantum computers. [57] A new test to check if a quantum computer is giving correct answers to questions beyond the scope of traditional computing could help the first quantum computer that can outperform a classical computer to be realized. [56] In quantum computing, as in team building, a little diversity can help get the job done better, computer scientists have discovered. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[413] viXra:1911.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 04:36:25

Topographical Gel Nanosensors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

In a new study, Karthik Pushpavanam and an interdisciplinary team of researchers in the departments of Chemical Engineering, Molecular Sciences, Banner MD Anderson Cancer Center and Arizona Veterinary Oncology in the U.S. has described a novel gel-based nanosensor. The technology allows colorimetric detection and quantification of topographical radiation dose profiles during radiotherapy. [28] Nanometers are one billionth of a meter, a metric typically used to measure molecules and scientific building blocks not visible to the human eye. [27] A new chip-based platform developed by researchers at UC Santa Cruz integrates nanopores and optofluidic technology with a feedback-control circuit to enable an unprecedented level of control over individual molecules and particles on a chip for high-throughput analysis. [26] The ability to observe how life works at a nanoscale level is a grand challenge of our time. [25] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have now discovered how a protein called LMI1 can control leaf growth and shape. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[412] viXra:1911.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 05:13:18

Magnets Mimic Binding in DNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

A team led by Cornell University physics professors Itai Cohen and Paul McEuen is using the binding power of magnets to design self-assembling systems that potentially can be created in nanoscale form. [22] Histones are proteins that regulate the unwinding of DNA in the cell nucleus and the expression of genes based on chemical modifications or "marks" that are placed on their tails. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[411] viXra:1911.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 05:27:40

DNA Star Ultra-Sensitive Test

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

By folding snippets of DNA into the shape of a five-pointed star using structural DNA nanotechnology, researchers have created a trap that captures Dengue virus as it floats in the bloodstream. [23] A team led by Cornell University physics professors Itai Cohen and Paul McEuen is using the binding power of magnets to design self-assembling systems that potentially can be created in nanoscale form. [22] Histones are proteins that regulate the unwinding of DNA in the cell nucleus and the expression of genes based on chemical modifications or "marks" that are placed on their tails. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[410] viXra:1911.0442 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 06:16:26

Something From Something

Authors: Matthew Taylor
Comments: 1 Page. Original work. All rights reserved.

This is the second paper in a series intended to breakdown the original paper, Natural Mechanics (http://vixra.org/abs/1911.0294). In this paper we build upon infinite space by discussing empty space, the spatial field, variations in densities (charges) within the spatial field, charge-charge interactions and, finally, the discharge of Nature’s essential building blocks, photons.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[409] viXra:1911.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 06:35:16

Carbon Soccer Ball in Space

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

It is one of the most common forms of carbon in space: C60, a soccer ball-shaped carbon molecule, but one that has an extra proton attached to it. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[408] viXra:1911.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 07:17:01

Magnetic Field Evolves to Gravity Field\\ Part:5 Final

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 6 Pages.

The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) suggests gravity emerges from magnetic effects of hods in matter structures. An experiment is performed to demonstrate the net magnetic field from hods in a body only attracts the hods from other masses to evolve into the gravity affect for distances greater than molecular sizes.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[407] viXra:1911.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-26 07:23:59

How a Four Dimensional Motion Mimics Gravitation

Authors: Midhun P Radhakrishnan
Comments: Pages.

It explains why light speed is independent of frame of references and describes gravitation and time in a different perspective.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[406] viXra:1911.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-25 08:05:37

Enzyme Toolkit for Biotechnology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The Open Enzymes collection is one step toward allowing synthetic biologists from anywhere in the world to join the conversation. [28] The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important HYPERLINK "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0734-6" study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[405] viXra:1911.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-25 08:59:37

Impossibility of Gravitons and bi-Metric Gravity; Riemann Hypothesis Confirmed; Energy Localization Problem Solved; the Falsifiability of Science is Demonstrated

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 6 Pages.

Paper ``in trend''~\cite{Meissner} talks also about gravitons (at least word ``gravitino'' is in abstract). Gravitons are gravitational force transmitors, but there is no force of Gravity in General Relativity. And how it could be in any adequate theory, if free falling body feels no dragging force (but the weightlessness). So, the paper just adds up to general misunderstanding. Latter is positioned~\cite{drive} as the driving engine of science (like the radioactive mutations in Biology), so the question arises: how many papers are a bit wrong?
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[404] viXra:1911.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-25 09:36:23

Ultrafast Quantum Simulations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Billions of tiny interactions occur between thousands of particles in every piece of matter in the blink of an eye. Simulating these interactions in their full dynamics was said to be elusive but has now been made possible by new work of researchers from Oxford and Warwick. [19] "Digital quantum simulation is thus intrinsically much more robust than what one might expect from known error bounds on the global many-body wave function," Heyl says. [18] A new finding by researchers at the University of Chicago promises to improve the speed and reliability of current and next generation quantum computers by as much as ten times. [17] Ph. D candidate Shuntaro Okada and information scientist Masayuki Ohzeki of Japan's Tohoku University collaborated with global automotive components manufacturer Denso Corporation and other colleagues to develop an algorithm that improves the D-Wave quantum annealer's ability to solve combinatorial optimization problems. [16] D-Wave Systems today published a milestone study demonstrating a topological phase transition using its 2048-qubit annealing quantum computer. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[403] viXra:1911.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-25 09:53:28

Molecular Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

A significant difference between the superconductivity in two important unconventional superconducting systems has been found by three theoretical physicists at RIKEN. [30] An international team led by researchers at Princeton University has directly observed a surprising quantum effect in a high-temperature iron-containing superconductor. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[402] viXra:1911.0434 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-25 10:11:25

Refutation of Recursive Enumerability and Elementary Frame Definability in Predicate Modal Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 4 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate two equations as not tautologous to show the standard translation of a predicate model into a logic language fails. We evaluate five equations as not tautologous, with the last result as contradictory, to show a class defined to contain frames fails to satisfy a classical first-order formula or to claim logic system equivalency. The conjecture of recursive enumerability and elementary frame definability in predicate modal logic is refuted. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[401] viXra:1911.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-25 10:58:06

Attempting a Wave-Particle Duality of Gravitational Waves

Authors: Noah MacKay
Comments: 20 Pages.

Gravitational wave detection raised the question regarding the existence of the graviton: the quanta of the gravitational interaction. In approaching a gravitational wave-particle duality, the Klein-Gordon Equation from Einstein’s linearized field equations was used to derive a quantum wave function of the graviton. It is assumed that gravitons do not transition into higher dimensions while emitted as gravitational waves, do not affect unbent spacetime, and have a non-zero mass of value m_g = 1.37E−58 kg [Abbott et al].
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[400] viXra:1911.0432 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-01 04:57:38

The Energetics of the an e X B Propulsor that Avoids the Hidden Momentum Pitfall

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 6 Pages. Complement to earlier paper http://vixra.org/abs/1812.0484

This paper updates earlier thoughts by the author on a putative electromagnetic propulsion system, to perform a more detailed energy balance. The previous paper demonstrated how momentum could be dumped to the ground state of the electromagnetic field but a claim was left somewhat hanging at the end of the previous paper, that the work done in changing the craft's velocity would effectively shift the centre of mass of the field-although that would be an infinitesimal shift in practice. The craft must always supply work to change velocity, such as by an accelerate/de-accelerate cycle and superficially this looks to violate the conservation of energy; we prove that this isn't so.
Category: Astrophysics

[399] viXra:1911.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 21:26:46

Lorentz Length Contraction (More Discussion)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Special Theory of Relativity tells us that The matter is created of electromagnetic wave or at least depend on it i.e. The Universe Matter Is Related To Electromagnetic Waves
Category: Astrophysics

[398] viXra:1911.0430 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-24 08:56:03

Some Problems about the Neutrino Oscillation and New Explanation for the Observation Data

Authors: Ting-Hang Pei
Comments: 11 Pages.

We review the neutrino oscillation and find some problems about it. The original theory predicts the mass differences existing on three kinds of neutrinos. However, one neutrino transfers to another and then transfers back to itself again that experiences the mass non-conserved procedure if no external energy or mass participates in the transferring process. It also violates one of the conservations of energy and momentum. Furthermore, the speeds of neutrinos before and after transfer must be different that results in the special physical phenomena of self-acceleration and self-deceleration. Even the Lorentz violation is proposed in the standard model extension to discuss the neutrino oscillation without the mass difference, the all other originally elementary particles predicting by the standard model will lose their criteria. After reviewing the results of Super-Kamiokande Collaboration and Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, both results strongly imply the ratio of number between three kinds of neutrinos is νe:νμ:ντ=1:1:1. According to this, we propose a new explanation for the observation data.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[397] viXra:1911.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-25 01:50:14

Field Study Project Report

Authors: Biket Karen
Comments: 61 Pages.

The field attachment report is meant to contribute towards my degree in Bachelor of science in Natural resource management .The key objective of the attachment was to provide the student with an opportunity to gain more experience outside class and apply knowledge obtained from the program to solutions of practical problems in real life situation in the industry .Also ,the attachment was to offer a bridge of linkage between the learning institution and the potential employers to enhance exposure and hands on of the student such that incase of future employment the student will be able to meet job demands and expectations .The report describes the activities ,achieved objectives ,challenges and possible recommendations for betterment of such activities in future .During the attachment ,I was exposed to the organizational structure and functions of different departments in NEMA;actively engaged in the activities resulting to betterment of the environment.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[396] viXra:1911.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-25 02:24:08

[ QRNG Services/Devices/ImageAI/Smart Devices/IoT/HPC/Python/Z3 API Python- Theorem Prover/Mongo Data Base System-Python ] based Analysis of Ramachandran Plots in the Context of Understanding Nano-Bio Material Systems & Bio-Informatics.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ QRNG Services/Devices/ImageAI/Smart Devices/IoT/HPC/Python/Z3 API Python-Theorem Prover/Mongo Data Base System-Python ] based Analysis of Ramachandran Plots in the Context of Understanding Nano-Bio Material Systems & Bio-Informatics. [ Exploring Interesting Information on – Prof.G.N.Ramachandran & Ramachandran Plots ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[395] viXra:1911.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-25 05:26:54

Laser Combo Futuristic Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Researchers have created a new terahertz radiation emitter with highly-sought-after frequency adjustment capability. The compact source could enable the development of futuristic communications, security, biomedical and astronomical imaging systems. [13] Wi-Fi and cellular data traffic are increasing exponentially but, unless the capacity of wireless links can be increased, all that traffic is bound to lead to unacceptable bottlenecks. [12] While defects in a diamond are mostly undesirable, certain defects are a quantum physicist's best friend, having the potential to store bits of information that could one day be used in a quantum computing system. [11] Japanese researchers have optimized the design of laboratory-grown, synthetic diamonds. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[394] viXra:1911.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-25 06:34:15

A Nice Rational Estimator of the Fractional Part of the Square Root of Some Positive Integer

Authors: Juan Moreno Borrallo
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper it is proposed a nice rational estimator of the fractional part of the square root of any positive integer.
Category: Number Theory

[393] viXra:1911.0425 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-18 08:06:34

Dark Matter and Dark Energy Explained by Fix to Vanishing of Falling Matter

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 9 Pages.

Considered motion in Kerr-Newman, Kerr, and Reissner-Nordström spacetimes. As an example, in Kerr spacetime, if you release from rest-state an electrically neutral test-particle (from any position outside the Black Hole, but not at equatorial plane) it will end up in abrupt-end apart from the point of spacetime singularity. As solution to this problem the Dark Matter is used.
Category: Astrophysics

[392] viXra:1911.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-25 07:33:34

Worldwide Security Service

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Terahertz security cameras-currently employed in 18 countries including many major airports and the LA Metro-scan passengers for concealed weapons or contraband in their clothing from up to 10 meters away, operating on an entirely passive, non-invasive basis. [19] Using a single pixel camera and Terahertz electromagnetic waves, a team of Physicists at the University of Sussex have devised a blueprint which could lead to the development of airport scanners capable of detecting explosives. [18] The detectors created by ATI researchers are able to achieve high sensitivity levels that strongly compete with current technologies, while still operating at low voltages, as well as over the whole X-ray energy range spectrum. [17] There's nothing quite like an ice cream on a hot day, and eating it before it melts too much is part of the fun. [16] Studying the fleeting actions of electrons in organic materials will now be much easier, thanks to a new method for generating fast X-rays. [15] In a laboratory at the University of Rochester, researchers are using lasers to change the surface of metals in incredible ways, such as making them super water-repellent without the use of special coatings, paints, or solvents. [14] The interaction of high-power laser light sources with matter has given rise to numerous applications including; fast ion acceleration; intense X-ray, gamma-ray, positron and neutron generation; and fast-ignition-based laser fusion. [13]
Category: Condensed Matter

[391] viXra:1911.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 11:09:28

Part 1: on Stairs, Symmetries and Polarities Within the Existence and Their Process of Unification

Authors: Tomas S Kunendzis
Comments: 897 Pages.

This work presents the first part of some research in ontology, psychology, psychoanalysis, alchemy, physics, spirituality and soul - and merges everything together by some key which opens the door to a general unification. The language is mostly Czech. It was written in last 7 years. The name is On stairs, symmetries and polarities within the "existence" and their process of unification. The text is divided on two parts due to the huge size, there will be the third part maybe. At the end of the text on page 1276 and next is some summary. Quotes are in the text.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[390] viXra:1911.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 11:14:34

Part 2: on Stairs, Symmetries and Polarities Within the Existence and Their Process of Unification

Authors: Tomas S Kunendzis
Comments: 403 Pages.

This work presents the second part of some research in ontology, psychology, psychoanalysis, alchemy, physics, spirituality and soul - and merges everything together by some key which opens the door to a general unification. The language is mostly Czech. It was written in last 7 years. The name is On stairs, symmetries and polarities within the "existence" and their process of unification. The text is divided on two parts due to the huge size, there will be the third part maybe. At the end of the text on page 1276 and next is some summary. Quotes are in the text.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[389] viXra:1911.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 11:44:19

On Some Ramanujan’s Equations Applied to Various Sectors of Particle Physics and Cosmology: Further Possible New Mathematical Connections. III

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 169 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed further Ramanujan formulas and described new possible mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle Physics, principally the like-Higgs boson dilaton mass solutions, the ns spectral index, the Pion mesons mass, and Cosmology
Category: Mathematical Physics

[388] viXra:1911.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 12:14:03

Periodicities by Contsruction or by Emergence

Authors: Kaushal Timilsina
Comments: 6 Pages. A question to ask better questions

I just wanted to ask a question to help me ask better questions about how emergent periodicities may be similar to or different from imposed periodicities.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[387] viXra:1911.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 14:13:39

Via Geometric (Clifford) Algebra: Intersection of a Plane with a Sphere

Authors: James A. Smith
Comments: 7 Pages.

As a high-school-level example of solving a problem via Geometric (Clifford) Algebra (GA), we show how to derive equations for the circle formed by the intersection of a plane with a sphere. Among the tasks that we will demonstrate are how to (1) express a plane via GA, (2) calculate the "reject" of a vector from a plane, and (3) express a circle as the rotation of a vector about a point.
Category: Geometry

[386] viXra:1911.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 14:25:08

Friendly Smart Crop Observation System

Authors: Thien Kian Chung, Sabastine Belulok Saging, Solomon Haw Wei Wern, Chan Man Yew
Comments: 25 Pages. Originally a proposal to join a Hackwknd in Sarawak Agrofest 2019

This paper seeks to propose a monitoring/sensing device as a preliminary prototype to alert farmers or cultivators of crucial information and warnings against critical levels of soil moisture, air temperature and humidity surrounding the crop's vicinity. In it, application of IoT, data analysis and ML techniques are implemented into the design of the said prototype which will be further utilized to evolve the continuously gathered data to construct meaningful forecast of what constitutes a healthy crop and other actionable information. As a result, more meaningful measures can be taken to ensure the safety of the crop based on gradually enhanced and improved data sets in a long run which may help increasing the standards of practice in the evolving agricultural industry.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[385] viXra:1911.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 14:51:43

In New Mathematics, Riemann Hypothesis is Mistake

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 3 Pages.

In classical mathematics there will be a complete zero.\\ But in new mathematics there is no perfect zero. At the same time, there is no perfect 1/2 in new mathematics.\\ Hence, Riemann hypothesis is false.\\ In new mathematics, there is no perfect 1 or 2.\\ They are 1 or 2 as close as possible to 1 or 2, and not 1 or 2.\\ I think we should break away from classical mathematics and think about new mathematics.\\ These can be said from quantum mechanics.\\ New mathematics doesn't have perfect zero, 1/2, 1, 2 and so on.\\ There are only numbers close to zero, 1/2, 1, and 2.\\ 1/2 is 0.499999999..... or 0.5000000000.....\\ A perfect 1/2 cannot exist.\\
Category: General Mathematics

[384] viXra:1911.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 17:03:44

Confirmation of Modus Inversus as a bi-Valent Connective (And Denial of Its Refutation)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate modus inversus, confirming it as a bi-valent connective. This denies its anonymous refutation to form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[383] viXra:1911.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 17:26:28

Physico-Mathematical Constants and Iterations

Authors: Francis Maleval
Comments: 1 Page.

φ, π, e are mathematical concepts which are constitutive of physics. It is conceivable that a causal structure grants its attributes to the physico-mathematical couple that gives body to the information, intrinsically a interaction
Category: Mathematical Physics

[382] viXra:1911.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 17:48:13

Stellar Metamorphosis: Potassium

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Potassium is present in young, middle aged, old and dead stars. Its atomic symbol is K. The main point of this paper is to note that potassium concentration increases per unit mass as the star evolves. This means that stars which reach the point of being able to not only create life, but to host it, will have larger concentrations per unit mass of potassium. The potassium increases concentration in youthful stages, then combines to form salts and the beginnings of life, then the left over remains get locked in the crust as rocks/minerals. This is due to mass dependent fractionation as well as potassium's high reactivity and ability to form ionic salts.
Category: Astrophysics

[381] viXra:1911.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 22:06:27

Correlating 13C Isotope in Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins with Their Anticancer Properties

Authors: Reginald B. Little
Comments: 41 Pages.

Upon considering the anticancer effects of larger oligomeric proanthocyanidins and observing various papers reporting the high resolution mass spectroscopy of the oligomeric proanthocyanidins, it is determined that the unusual 13C enrichment in some plant oligomeric proanthocyanidins may be responsible for the anticancer activities of these food products. Such correlation of the 13C in the oligomeric proanthocyanidins also correlate with their scavenging of free-radicals, anti-virial and anti-bacterial properties. Such 13C interactions from oligomeric proanthocyanidins with nucleic acids and proteins involved in replications, transcriptions and translations in cancer cells for interacting and chemically altering with anabolism and cell division of the cancer cells are consistent with the author’s mechanism for normal cell to cancer cell transformations via possible replacements of primordial 1H, 12C, 14N, 16O, and 24Mg isotopes by nonprimordial 2D, 13C, 15N, and 17O and 25Mg isotopes in the proteins and nucleic acids. Such is also consistent with the proposed treatment for cancer by the author by use of foods containing proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and/or drug molecules enriched with the nonprimordial isotopes of 2D, 13C, 15N, and 17O and 25Mg.
Category: Biochemistry

[380] viXra:1911.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 22:57:47

Refutation of Brouwer’s Dense Linear Orderings (Dlo)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate three axioms of Brouwer’s dense linear orderings (DLO) as not tautologous, hence that as a basis for refuting equality and equivalence, intuitionistically. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[379] viXra:1911.0410 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 06:10:52

Modus Inversus is Generally Valid

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 17 Pages. (C) Ilija Barukčić, 2019, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved.

Objective: Narrowly speaking, one scientist might claim that the truth as such is determined by human mind and consciousness, by pure subjective and poetic mathematical definitions preferred by an author and as such without any relation to objective reality and independent of the same. In contrast to claims like that, another scientist might want to endorse more Thomas Aquinas balanced formula “Veritas est adaequatio rei et intellectus” or truth is the equation of thing and intellect. Thus far, is there a truth valid for all scientist and can and how can the same be established? Methods: Definitions or mathematical and other (logical et cetera) operations are sometimes a necessary scientific step to shorten a long and arduous scientific way or to minimize the efforts of an author justifiably but also contain the danger of misuse and to accommodate (logical) contradictions. The science needs reliable methods to check such products of human mind and pure human imagination for its logical consistency. Results: Modus inversus is reviewed again and it should be noted that modus inversus among other methods possess the capacity to check definitions, mathematical and other operations or relationships as such for logical consistency very precisely. Conclusions: Modus inversus is generally valid. Keywords: Science, non-science, modus inversus.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[378] viXra:1911.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 06:15:14

Schematische Weergaven Van Gebruikte Opstellingen

Authors: Niels Hoogendoorn
Comments: 8 Pages.

veel plezier dr mee, hoop dat k het goed heb gedaan...
Category: Education and Didactics

[377] viXra:1911.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 06:38:43

3D Foams Light Control

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Scientists at Princeton University in the US have discovered that a material known as a Weaire-Phelan foam can act as an optical filter. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[376] viXra:1911.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 07:23:42

Dripline for Fluorine and Neon Isotopes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

An international team of physicists with the BigRIPS experiment taking place at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory in Japan has determined the dripline for fluorine and neon isotopes. [39] The precise determination of the neutron skin of lead (or how far the neutrons stick out from the protons in the nucleus) tells us about the equation of state (EOS) of neutron matter. [38] Matter is composed of chemical elements mainly created in stars via nuclear reactions and complex nuclear reaction networks. [37] These particles are produced by stellar flares or by shock waves driven by magnetic events in the stellar corona. [36] Researchers have investigated wave-particle interactions between energetic electrons and chorus waves evolving in the space surrounding the Earth using the scientific satellite Arase and, simultaneously, transient auroral flashes by the ground-based global observation network. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[375] viXra:1911.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 07:36:56

Improved Methodology for Computing Coastal Upwelling Indices from Satellite Data

Authors: A. N. Serebrennikov
Comments: 5 Pages.

The article discusses an improved methodology for determining coastal upwelling indices from satellite maps of sea surface temperature and near-surface wind. The main difference of this technique is the determination of upwelling parameters by monthly climatic masks. The algorithm for choosing monthly climate masks is considered in detail. The substantiation of the choice of the region remote from upwelling waters in the open sea is given for calculating the thermal upwelling index and its modifications. In addition to the generally accepted upwelling indices (thermal and Ekman), new indices have been introduced: cumulative and apparent upwelling power, allowing to take into account the upwelling surface area. The technique is considered on the example of the Canary Upwelling. This technique allows you to determine the boundaries of upwelling in each climate month, and therefore, more accurately calculate its indices and environmental parameters located in the upwelling region (surface wind, sea level, geostrophic current, etc.)
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[374] viXra:1911.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 08:57:29

Nanoelectronics Simulation Booster

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Two research groups from ETH Zurich have developed a method that can simulate nanoelectronics devices and their properties realistically, quickly and efficiently. [28] Dispersible electrodes based on gold-coated magnetic nanoparticles modified with DNA can detect microRNA in unprocessed blood samples at extremely low concentrations and over a broad range-a first for sensors of this kind. [27] Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed neutrophil "nanosponges" that can safely absorb and neutralize a variety of proteins that play a role in the progression of rheumatoid arthritis. [26] An international team of researchers has determined the function of a new family of proteins associated with cancer and autism. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Condensed Matter

[373] viXra:1911.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 09:17:42

Heat Create Nanostructured Metals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Scientists have developed a new approach for making metal-metal composites and porous metals with a 3-D interconnected "bicontinuous" structure in thin films at size scales ranging from tens of nanometers to microns. [27] A solid can serve as a medium for heat and sound wave interactions just like a fluid does for thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators - resulting in leak-free machines that can stay operating longer. [26] Like watchmakers choosing superior materials to build a fine timepiece, physicists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore have singled out an atom that could allow them to build better atomic clocks. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[372] viXra:1911.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-24 09:39:34

Heat Radiation Control

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Researchers at Purdue University have engineered ceramic "nanotubes" that behave as thermal antennas, offering control over the spectrum and direction of high-temperature heat radiation. [28] Scientists have developed a new approach for making metal-metal composites and porous metals with a 3-D interconnected "bicontinuous" structure in thin films at size scales ranging from tens of nanometers to microns. [27] A solid can serve as a medium for heat and sound wave interactions just like a fluid does for thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators-resulting in leak-free machines that can stay operating longer. [26] Like watchmakers choosing superior materials to build a fine timepiece, physicists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore have singled out an atom that could allow them to build better atomic clocks. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal-a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse-in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[371] viXra:1911.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 10:20:08

Distance Variation in Accelerating Frames and Its Potential Role in Hubble Expansion

Authors: Ritesh Singh
Comments: 4 Pages.

We refer to distance variation as the change in Lorentz contracted apparent distance of a body in motion relative to an observer, due to a change in the velocity of the observer. We show that distance variation can have a large contribution in the apparent velocities of distant bodies. We propose that this needs to be included in cosmological models. We also show that it can potentially explain some observed cosmological peculiarities.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[370] viXra:1911.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 13:01:17

Money To Capital?

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 2 Pages.

Conference contribbution; Worcester Polytechnic Institute 2020
Category: Economics and Finance

[369] viXra:1911.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 18:40:56

Time for a Change?

Authors: Raymond H Gallucci
Comments: 9 Pages.

This work was inspired by Hughes’ book The Binary Universe, which proposes a unique theory about the nature of time and its dominance over phenomena since as gravity and electromagnetic radiation. While Hughes treats time as variable and time dilation as a real phenomenon, I divert while retaining much of Hughes’ proposals to speculate that time is immutable and equivalent to change, albeit progressing at a fixed rate analogous to the fastest proposed by Hughes – the Planck time interval.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[368] viXra:1911.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 00:23:31

Single Molecule-Based Electronic Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

In a paper to be published in the forthcoming issue of Nano, a group of researchers from the Shenyang Jianzhu University in China has provided an overview of single-molecule electronic devices, including molecular electronic devices and electrode types. [41] A team at Osaka University has created single-molecule nanowires, complete with an insulation layer, up to 10 nanometers in length. [40] Using optical and electrical measurements, a two-dimensional anisotropic crystal of rhenium disulfide was found to show opposite piezoresistant effects along two principle axes, i.e. positive along one axis and negative along another. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[367] viXra:1911.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 07:59:38

Q-switched and Mode-locked Nd/Cr:YAG Ceramic Pulse Laser

Authors: T. Saiki, N. Hirota, S. Kanemori, Y. Iida
Comments: 13 Pages.

A mode-locked and Q-switched short pulse laser using Nd3+ /Cr3+: YAG ceramic has been constructed with a semiconductor SESAM and Cr4+:YAG crystal optical switch based on excite state absorption (ESA). Laser oscillations of the pulse laser were observed experimentally. The Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic laser has a high conversion efficiency from white light (such as lamp light or solar light) to laser. A single-mode locked laser pulse with fast modulation on the order of 100 ps was obtained in some pump power regimes when using Cr4+:YAG crystal. The obtained pulse duration of the short pulse was a few hundred ps.
Category: Classical Physics

[366] viXra:1911.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 04:14:37

MRI-Compatible Electrodes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 100 Pages.

Deep brain stimulation (DBS)-in which electrodes implanted in the brain send electrical signals to areas that control movement-is increasingly employed to treat symptoms of movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease, essential tremor or dystonia. [59] Researchers at the Center for Quantum Nanoscience (QNS) within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) at Ewha Womans University have made a major scientific breakthrough by performing the world's smallest magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). [58] Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50]
Category: Physics of Biology

[365] viXra:1911.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 04:30:18

(Ataluren in DMD Version 1.0 23.11.2019 5 a4 Pages) a Proposed Extension of Ataluren Indications in Patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) Caused by Frameshift Mutations Associated with Abnormal Premature Termination Codons (PTCs)

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 5 Pages. http://dragoii.com/ALDragoi_A_possible_extension_of_Ataluren_indications_latest.pdf

This paper proposes an extension of Ataluren indications (with future deserved studies) in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) caused by frameshift mutations of dystrophin (dys) gene (dys-gene; aka “DMD gene”) associated with abnormal premature stop codons at distance from the site of that given frameshift mutation (which mutation may affect the dys-gene starting from exons with high index more close to 79 than to 1): some strong arguments are presented in favor of this new extension proposal; a redefinition of nonsense mutation in both stricto sensu and lato sensu are also presented (emphasizing that frameshift mutations [FSMs] and nonsense mutations [NSMs] [in lato sensu] may come in association).
Category: Biochemistry

[364] viXra:1911.0395 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 04:47:49

The Coupled Einstein Equations (II)

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

The coupled Einstein equations are defined for a manifold with two riemannian metrics. We make use of the mixed Riemann curvature tensor.
Category: Geometry

[363] viXra:1911.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 04:46:50

4-D Imaging with Liquid Crystal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

4-D imaging, which adds information on light polarization, could open up even more possibilities, but usually the equipment is bulky, expensive and complicated. [40] Researchers have developed a combination of commercially available hardware and open-source software, named PySight, which improves rapid 2-D and 3-D imaging of the brain and other tissues. [39] A University of Nottingham academic has won a prestigious five-year fellowship to explore the use of harmless sound waves to view deep inside living cells to aid early diagnose in diseases such as cancer. [38]
Category: Condensed Matter

[362] viXra:1911.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 05:10:57

Tiny Antennas for Wearable Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Now, researchers in ACS Nano have made the tiniest radio-frequency antennas reported yet, with thicknesses of about 1/100 of a human hair. [16] Lin said the antenna he is developing could eventually be used in a chip implanted in a patient's brain to help treat disorders such as depression or severe migraines. [15] But for fast things like biomagnetic fields produced by firing neurons, we need to do better than that, or we might miss out on some information." [14] U.S. Army-funded researchers at Brandeis University have discovered a process for engineering next-generation soft materials with embedded chemical networks that mimic the behavior of neural tissue. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[361] viXra:1911.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 05:44:57

Self-Propelled Protocells Control

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

Synthetic protocells can be made to move toward and away from chemical signals, an important step for the development of new drug-delivery systems that could target specific locations in the body. [41] MIT engineers have shown that they can enhance the performance of drug-delivery nanoparticles by controlling a trait of chemical structures known as chirality-the "handedness" of the structure. [40] The process, developed by Nagoya University researchers in Japan, could be upscaled for manufacturing purified batches of single-wall carbon nanotubes that can be used in high-performance electronic devices. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[360] viXra:1911.0391 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 06:02:26

Newspapers Grow Carbon Nanotubes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

A research collaboration between Rice University and the Energy Safety Research Institute (ESRI) at Swansea University has found that old newspapers can be used as a low cost, eco-friendly material on which to grow single walled carbon nanotubes on a large scale. [45] The ever-more-humble carbon nanotube may be just the device to make solar panels—and anything else that loses energy through heat—far more efficient. [44] When traversing a solid material such as glass, a light wave can deposit part of its energy in a mechanical wave, leading to a color change of the light. [43]
Category: Condensed Matter

[359] viXra:1911.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 06:58:00

Number Theory Beyond Frege on the Necessity of Open Arity

Authors: Hannes Hutzelmeyer
Comments: 13 Pages.

A closer look at mathematical proofs led Gottlob Frege to realize that Aristotle's syllogism logic was not sufficient for many theorems. He developped what today is called first-order predicate logic. It is usually thought that predicate logic is sufficient for the theory of natural numbers. However, this first step of modern logic development again is not sufficient. One needs another step, especially to allow for so-called open arity of arrays. This second step cannot be done in general in object-language based on predicate logic but only by metalanguage. Therefore one needs something like the FUME-method (put forward by the author) which allows for a precise treatment of both language levels. Dot-dot-dot … is not admissible in predicate logics as it needs some kind of recursion. In metalanguage, however, one has to introduce some basic recursion right from the setup (but it is much weaker than primitive recursion). For natural numbers two examples are given, one for a concrete version of Robinson arithmetic and one for recursive arithmetic. Without the second step to metalanguage one cannot express some of the most important so-called theorems of number theory in a direct fashion, leave alone prove them. Actually some are not theorems but metatheorems. The examples comprise Chinese remainders, Gödel's beta-function, little Gauss's summing up of numbers, Euclid's unlimited primes and the canonical representation of a natural number (fundamental theorem of natural arithmetic). After one has included the second step which allows one to talk about open arities in metalanguage one can tackle the problem of talking about number-arrays in object language. One can do this to a certain extent by coding number-arrays by (usually) two numbers. This can be done even in Robinson arithmetic using 'Gödel's beta-function'. But one has to make use of the second step before one can return to object-language. Of course, the introduction of two tiers, i.e. object-language and metalanguage, is necessary for many other areas of mathematics, if not to say, most of them.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[358] viXra:1911.0389 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-04 08:24:42

Energy, Market, Ecology and the Challenge of Civilization-2

Authors: V. A. Kasimov
Comments: 5 Pages. in Russian, in English

Perhaps the most ominous shadow hanging over the future of Humanity is the uncontrolled use of enormous amounts of energy. The reason for this is entropy-the eternal shadow of energy, the universal measure of disorder, chaos, the result of the transformation of the living into the inanimate, ordered and informational, that is, intelligent, again into chaos. This shadow is many-sided, it can act as in the hypostasis of the ominous end, and in the hypostasis of the creative beginning (remember, Aphrodite arose from the foam of the sea, that is, from chaos). In the form of an ominous end, it is inevitable, like a law of Nature. It is about this hypostasis that we we'll now talking. In the article, in the thermodynamic 0-approximation, the dependence of the temperature of a thermodynamic system on entropy is given.
Category: Mind Science

[357] viXra:1911.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-23 09:51:39

Functions

Authors: Viola Maria Grazia
Comments: 1 Page.

I talk about functions in particolar I study the behavior of this near infinity
Category: General Mathematics

[356] viXra:1911.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-22 09:23:45

The Coupled Einstein Equations

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

The coupled Einstein equations are defined for a manifold with two riemannian metrics.
Category: Geometry

[355] viXra:1911.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-22 10:08:38

Twistable Graphene's Symmetry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

A recent study from the labs of James Hone (mechanical engineering) and Cory Dean (physics) demonstrates a new way to tune the properties of two-dimensional (2-D) materials simply by adjusting the twist angle between them. [46]
Category: Condensed Matter

[354] viXra:1911.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-22 10:21:35

Elementary Integrals: Report 21/11/2019 6:21:49

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito, Rodrigo Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

We give some elementary integrals
Category: General Mathematics

[353] viXra:1911.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-22 10:36:52

Superconducting Quantum Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

An international team led by researchers at Princeton University has directly observed a surprising quantum effect in a high-temperature iron-containing superconductor. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[352] viXra:1911.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-22 11:02:56

Spin Waves in Magnetic Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Physicists at the University of Münster (Germany) have now developed a new approach that eliminates unwanted damping and makes it easier to use spin waves. [34] The team utilized analytical and ab-initio theories to establish a link between this spin engine concept and room-temperature experiments on a solid-state spintronic device called a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ). [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[351] viXra:1911.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-22 11:35:02

Strange Metal Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Strange metals make interesting bedfellows for a phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity, which allows materials to carry electricity with zero loss. [30] An international team led by researchers at Princeton University has directly observed a surprising quantum effect in a high-temperature iron-containing superconductor. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[350] viXra:1911.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-22 16:41:31

Facial Expression Detection using Deep Neural Networks

Authors: B Sai Teja, Ch Chinmai Durga Srinivas, M Sandeep Reddy, P M Ashok Kumar
Comments: 7 Pages.

Facial Expression conveys non-verbal communication, which plays an important role in acquaintance among people. The Facial Expression Detection system is an activity to identify the emotional state of a person. In this system, a captured frame is compared with trained dataset that is available in database and then state of the captured frame will be defined. This system is based on Image Processing and Machine Learning. For designing a robust facial feature descriptor, we apply the Xception Modelling Algorithm. Xception is a convolutional neural network that is trained on more than a million images from the ImageNet database. The network is 71 layers deep and can classify images into 1000 object categories, such as keyboard, mouse, pencil, and many animals. As a result, the network has learned rich feature representations for a wide range of images. The detection performance of the proposed method will be evaluated by loading the data-set and pre-processing the images for feeding it to CNN model. Experimental results with prototypic expressions show the superiority of the Xception-Model descriptor against some well- known appearance-based feature representation methods. Experimental results demonstrate the competitive classification accuracy of our proposed method.
Category: Education and Didactics

[349] viXra:1911.0379 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-25 02:38:30

Zero is only a Mathematical Fantasy

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 3 Pages.

Mathematics returns to Ancient Times.\\ Perfect Zero cannot exist.\\ In physics, there are many particles in a vacuum.\\ 0 is not perfect zero.\\ 0 is almost zero.\\ Zero is only a mathematical fantasy.\\ There is no Zero.\\ 0 may be a return to the womb.\\ And, love is 0 and infinite.\\
Category: General Mathematics

[348] viXra:1911.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 23:26:46

Exploring DNA Sequencing Algorithms as SeSAm Applications.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Exploring DNA Sequencing Algorithms as SeSAm Applications.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[347] viXra:1911.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 23:48:34

The Effect of Tardiness that 30 Minutes Per Day

Authors: Jaehyun Ahn
Comments: 7 Pages.

Tardiness was a concept from the 13th century, but because of the interpersonal relationship, it was accepted without any prominence in modern society. However, Tardiness between individuals and groups, between individuals and companies is a newly formed relationship in modern society. Nevertheless, tardiness and punishment tended to be interpreted as relationship between individual and individual and resulted in personal error. However, unlike the relationships between individuals, the remaining relationships have power differences. It has no substance, has economic initiatives, or is deprived of voting rights. Society changes And individuals change. And this change is caused by technological advances, changes in economic conditions, and changes in welfare conditions. The thirty minute late was anywhere and anytime. But the object is different and the situation is different. The interpretation of human rights and rights can vary from time to time. Attempts to interpret tardiness as useful have been rare. This paper approaches tardiness from the point of view of utility and provides a starting point to be interpreted as a signal that, in particular, the tardiness and irregular time accumulation of Korean workers falls short of advanced working conditions.
Category: Social Science

[346] viXra:1911.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-22 02:32:35

On Creation of the Universal Mathematical Management Decision Making Theory

Authors: Viktoria Kondratenko
Comments: 8 Pages.

A variety of approaches to the construction of theories of managerial decision-making causes great difficulties in constructing formal models of the dynamic processes under study, which necessitates the creation of a unified universal mathematical theory of managerial decision-making. The model of managerial decision making for dynamic systems of any nature proposed by the author uses the axiomatic modeling methodology created earlier, combining the axiomatic method and the concept of functional analysis in modeling and solving problems - one of the extremely effective tools for cognizing patterns in natural processes. The aim of this work is to demonstrate the simplicity and capabilities of the proposed methodology for making managerial decisions on a specific example in the field of medicine.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[345] viXra:1911.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-22 02:36:08

Непригодность общепринятых стереотипных тавтологий классической математики для доказательства теорем при классическом подходе к доказательству теорем

Authors: Viktoria Kondratenko
Comments: 9 Pages.

Оторванность гипотетических теорий от реалий живой материи стала причиной проникновения мистики в научные теории. При мистическом мышлении идея применения аналитического метода решения задач познания в голову не приходит. Диалектическая логика в отличие от мистики утверждает обратное: любые проблемные задачи познания жизнедеятельности процессов и явлений мироздания разрешимы исключительно аналитическим путѐм, при этом единственным методом. Автором создана универсальная и формальная теория решения интеллектуальных (т.е. не имеющих заранее известных алгоритмов решения) задач, связанных с познанием жизнедеятельности естественных и рукотворных процессов в любых явлениях мироздания – метод аксиоматического моделирования Кондратенко, эффективность которого достигается путѐм корректной постановки задачи и еѐ решения чисто формальным методом. Корректность постановки задачи означает, прежде всего, признание несостоятельности всех гипотетических (не подтверждѐнных результатами натурного экспериментирования с предметом познания) теорий. В качестве примера в статье рассматривается парадокс при классическом подходе к доказательству теорем, состоящий в непригодности общепринятых стереотипных тавтологий классической математики для доказательства теорем.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[344] viXra:1911.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-22 02:39:06

Формальная модель диалектической логики управления жизнеобеспечивающими функциями психики человека

Authors: Viktoria Kondratenko
Comments: 9 Pages.

Диалектическая логика управления любыми функциональными системами организма человека вытекает из концептуальных знаний о жизнедеятельности этих функциональных систем, добытых исключительно путём натурного экспериментирования с ними. Поэтому концептуальные знания о жизнедеятельности каждой исследуемой функциональной системы человека должны предшествовать описанию сущности логики управления ею. Психика человека является одной из важнейших функциональных систем организма человека. В статье представлены основополагающие концепты жизнедеятельности этой системы, которые позволяют выявить сущность диалектической логики управления её жизнеобеспечивающими функциями, и формальная модель диалектической логики управления функциональной системой психики человека
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[343] viXra:1911.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 10:26:22

3-D Imaging for Biomedical Researches

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

By combining a compressive sensing algorithm with a digital holographic microscope, Prof. Shih-Chi Chen of the Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) and his research team have developed a high-speed imaging method. [40] Researchers have developed a combination of commercially available hardware and open-source software, named PySight, which improves rapid 2-D and 3-D imaging of the brain and other tissues. [39] A University of Nottingham academic has won a prestigious five-year fellowship to explore the use of harmless sound waves to view deep inside living cells to aid early diagnose in diseases such as cancer. [38]
Category: Physics of Biology

[342] viXra:1911.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 10:55:49

QM intro (superseded)

Authors: Juho Leppäkangas
Comments: This page is inactive and to be removed. The current version of this original work can be found at viXra:1912.0063

See the comment below.
Category: Quantum Physics

[341] viXra:1911.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 11:06:09

Spectrometer of Cosmic Helium

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

The measurements presented by Oliva and the rest of the AMS collaboration provide new interesting insight about the properties of 3He and 4He isotopes, which could have important implications for future astrophysics research investigating cosmic ray production and propagation. [27] One such mystery is the origin of electromagnetic fields on the very largest scale in the universe. [26] An international team of researchers extended their results from a previous study to directly measure the cosmic-ray all-electron (electron + positron) spectrum in an energy range from 11 GeV to 4.8 TeV with the Calorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET). [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[340] viXra:1911.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 11:16:52

To Play with the Polygonals.

Authors: Dante Servi
Comments: 15 Pages.

This article is dedicated to those who want to play with polygons using my graphic method published on viXra.org in this group at numbers 1910.0086 (v3) and 1910.0620 (v3). I just updated this last one and I think it might be interesting. To make sure you download the latest revision don't click on (pdf) but on (viXra: nnnn.nnnn), opens the page where you find all the revisions, (v1), (v2), (v3) (v...).
Category: Geometry

[339] viXra:1911.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 11:20:19

New Concept of Special Relativity

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 6 pages, 3 figures

Now the Special Relativity Theory (SRT) is the cornerstone of contemporary physics. The comprehension of SRT is based on the presumption that all what one sees, hears, measures or in some other way perceives is reality. It leads to inexplicable paradoxes such as twin, Ehrenfest, spaceship and other paradoxes of relativity. The article discloses a different view, i.e., the measured values of physical items are apparent and the SRT allows to calculate real actual values. There are no paradoxes in this case.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[338] viXra:1911.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 11:49:48

Size of the Electron Speculated from Charge Formation Energy

Authors: Jozsef Garai
Comments: 10 Pages.

The classical radius of the electron can be calculated from first principles. The calculated value contradicts with experiments, which does not show any structure for the electron down to about 2 × 〖10〗^(-20) m. In order to be consistent with these experiments the energy required for the charge formation must exceed the rest mass energy of the electron. Based on energy equivalency it is concluded that the energy required for charge formation emerges from rotation, while the energy of mass formation emerges from translation. Assuming that the tangential velocity of the rotation is equivalent with the speed of light reproduces the classical radius of the electron. In order to comply with the known size limit of the electron the tangential velocity must exceed the speed of light. It is proposed that the ratio between the tangential and translation velocity of the electron is α-1, which gives the radius of the electron to 1.50059 × 〖10〗^(-19) m.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[337] viXra:1911.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 11:59:40

Time Crystalline Behavior

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The quest to develop the understanding for time crystalline behaviour in quantum systems has taken a new, exciting twist. [26] Dreamt up by the physics Nobel laureate Frank Wilczek in 2012, the notion of "time crystals" is now moving from theory to experiment-and could also lead to applications such as a new kind of atomic clock. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal-a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse-in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[336] viXra:1911.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 12:09:15

On Ramanujan’s Mathematics Applied to Various Sectors of Theoretical Physics and Cosmology: Further Possible New Mathematical Connections. II

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 129 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed further Ramanujan equations and described the new possible mathematical connections with various sectors of Theoretical Physics (principally like-Higgs boson dilaton mass solutions) and Cosmology
Category: Mathematical Physics

[335] viXra:1911.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 13:12:29

Magnetic Wave Under Control

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The Cracow-based analyses also suggest that the magnetic phenomena occurring in magnonic crystals are more complex than previously predicted. [31] McHenry's group, in collaboration with the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), NASA Glenn Research Center, and North Carolina State University, are designing a two and half kilowatt motor that weighs less than two and half kilograms. [30] Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been attracting a lot of attention recently. This is because of the increased demand for faster, longer-lasting and lower-energy IT systems, and the need for higher data storage capacity. [29] Researchers have discovered that using an easily made combination of materials might be the way to offer a more stable environment for smaller and safer data storage, ultimately leading to miniature computers. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[334] viXra:1911.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 13:34:44

Diverse Applications of Einstein’s Equations of General Relativity

Authors: R. Wayte.
Comments: 30 Pages.

This paper comprises extracts from previous articles showing how Einstein’s general relativity equations can describe different forces by substituting the associated constants. The articles depended upon a new solution of Einstein’s equations which is compatible with electromagnetic theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[333] viXra:1911.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 13:59:46

EUV Lithography System with Diffraction Optics

Authors: Kenneth C. Johnson
Comments: 34 Pages.

A spot-scanning, maskless EUV lithography system using singlet zone-plate lenses for spot generation exhibits significant chromatic dispersion, but the dispersion can be neutralized by means of a diffractive, phase-Fresnel mirror in the projection optics. The same dispersion compensation method can be used in the context of EUV mask-projection lithography using a diffractive photomask, which can focus illumination onto sparse image patterns for high-dose, aberration-free printing.
Category: Classical Physics

[332] viXra:1911.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 17:20:43

Mechanism of High Temperature Superconductivity the BCS Theory and a New Electron Pairing Medium

Authors: Tiege Zhou
Comments: 16 Pages.

High temperature superconductivity, BCS theory and the mechanism of high temperature superconductivity are introduced. The author proposed, for the first time, the change of the electron cloud ions can be used as a new medium for electron pairing. Calculation results are given. The results show that the frequency of the change of the electron cloud is close to (and higher than at normal pressures) the frequency of the lattice vibration. It is possible to explain the phenomenon of high temperature superconductivity by using the change of electron cloud instead of lattice vibration.
Category: Condensed Matter

[331] viXra:1911.0359 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-25 19:30:53

The Marked Decrease of Protons Flux in Cosmic Rays Beyond 3 Gev Kinetic Energy Analyzed Through a Vortex Model for the Proton.

Authors: Osvaldo F. Schilling
Comments: 6 Pages. 2 Figures

We analyze available data for cosmic rays protons below 10 GeV and find evidence for instability of these particles as their kinetic energy increases beyond about 3 GeV, as expected from our recent model [1] which proposes the existence of a parent state at about 3.7 GeV, from which protons would condense in the form of flux-confining vortices. According to the model, above 2.7 GeV kinetic energy such vortex states become unstable compared to the parent, and thus protons of higher energy become very rare in cosmic rays, as confirmed by the data.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[330] viXra:1911.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 02:33:53

The Magnetic Moment of the Lee Particle

Authors: Miroslav Pardy
Comments: 22 Pages. original article

The Lee model of the unstable particle V going to N + Θ, where N-particle is considered charged and Θ−particle uncharged, is inserted into electromagnetic field. While the Θ−particle propagates undisturbed, the N-particle is deflected by the extended photon source. The result of such process is the additional magnetic moment of the Lee particle. The Schwinger source theory is employed to present the calculation of the magnetic moment of the Lee model of the unstable particle.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[329] viXra:1911.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 02:49:53

A General Theory of Artificial Intelligence

Authors: Matthew Groom
Comments: 13 Pages.

This will be the first paper to truly answer the question of Artificial Intelligence, what sets us apart as a smart, intelligent species from Natural Language Processing (NLP), Machine Learning (ML) and all other forms of computer learning to date. I cover the various theoretical requirements to building the first AI. Loose terms such as Qualia are given exact meanings allowing people to code them. A staging roadmap to achieve full general Artificial Intelligence is also included. This paper is theoretical, through the introduction and background I will be taking you on the journey through many of my submissions in comments on blogs and articles and identifying where ground-breaking articles or papers were written from topics and information I posted. Putting all the pieces together so by the end of this paper you should have a clear understanding of Artificial Intelligence and how to build one. You will see exactly why the current fad of massive classification systems/deep learning are examples of expert systems. Answering the simple ‘I am 42% sure it is a book’ scenario.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[328] viXra:1911.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 03:48:49

Experimental Premises for Existence of Baryon Core

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 4 Pages.

Of course, the most important premise for the existence of baryon core is the impossibility of compressing the nuclear plasma to a mathematical point, which is permissible due to asymptotic freedom. Here we show that baryon-core dynamics and Stefan-Boltzmann law assign characteristic masses inside the core to the masses of known particles. Core of baryons leads indirectly to properties of dark matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[327] viXra:1911.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 07:37:12

Machine Learning Improve Diagnosis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Engineers at Duke University have developed a microscope that adapts its lighting angles, colors and patterns while teaching itself the optimal settings needed to complete a given diagnostic task. [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[326] viXra:1911.0353 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 08:02:36

Intrinsic Vector Potential and Electromagnetic Mass

Authors: Richard Shurtleff
Comments: 15 page article plus 10 page Mathematica notebook

Electric charges may have mass in part or in full because they charged. Supplying details is the electromagnetic mass problem. Here, the charge's mass is associated with intrinsic quantum mechanical quantities so that the classical problems with extended charge distributions, for example, are irrelevant. An intrinsic vector potential is defined, based on intrinsic linear momentum. The charge-electromagnetic field interaction energy is gauge-dependent and the needed mass term is placed with the interaction energy in the intrinsic gauge. Traditional electromagnetism retains its gauge invariance. The field equations make no new predictions since all dynamic dependence on intrinsic quantities can be gauged away. The field equations describe a massive, charged 4-spinor Dirac electron-like particle and an uncharged, massless neutrino-like particle, formulas that have been a part of physics for nearly a century.
Category: Quantum Physics

[325] viXra:1911.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-21 08:32:52

The Difference Between Opposite Charges

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

This is partially a review article. On the basis of the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we explain the difference between the N and S magnetic monopoles, between the opposite electric charges, and between the different weak charges of neutrinos. Such differences follow from behaviour of the components the tori/charges consist of.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[324] viXra:1911.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 09:17:37

Big Picture by Designer Lens

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Wang and his colleagues from the KAUSTVisual Computing Center, under the supervision of Wolfgang Heidrich, a professor of computer science, have now developed a new method for quantitative phase and intensity imaging. [34] In a breakthrough study published in OSA Continuum, a team of scientists led by Prof Eiji Tokunaga at the Tokyo University of Science shed light on the mechanism of the Pockels effect in a new type of light modulator. [33] Optical scintillation imaging is proving feasible as a quality assurance (QA) tool for small static beams and for pre-treatment verification of radiosurgery and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans. [32] Tweaking the design of microring sensors enhances their sensitivity without adding more implementation complexity. [31] Large-scale plasmonic metasurfaces could find use in flat panel displays and other devices that can change colour thanks to recent work by researchers at the University of Cambridge in the UK. [30] Particles in solution can grow, transport, collide, interact, and aggregate into complex shapes and structures. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[323] viXra:1911.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 09:59:46

Refutation of Premise Rule in Intuitionistic Set Theories

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the seminal equation of the conjecture which is not tautologous, hence refuting the premise rule in intuitionistic set theories. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[322] viXra:1911.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 10:02:31

Fractal for :F(z)=z-Arctanh(1-z)

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito, Rodrigo Valdebenito
Comments: 7 Pages.

We give a simple formula for Pi
Category: General Mathematics

[321] viXra:1911.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 10:03:54

Motion Beyond the Quantum Limit

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Colorado have recently developed a new technique to measure mechanical motion using simultaneous electromechanical amplification and cooling processes. [34] The global effect of quantum computing on economic and social life will depend on the use that will be made of this tool-and that stems from human decisions rather than being forced by knowledge itself. [33] Scientists claimed Wednesday to have achieved a near-mythical state of computing in which a new generation of machine vastly outperforms the world's fastest super-computer, known as "quantum supremacy". [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[320] viXra:1911.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 10:19:46

Straight Motion of Magnetic Skyrmions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Researchers at Tohoku University have, for the first time, successfully demonstrated a formation and current-induced motion of synthetic antiferromagnetic magnetic skyrmions. [35] Researchers at the University of Colorado have recently developed a new technique to measure mechanical motion using simultaneous electromechanical amplification and cooling processes. [34] The global effect of quantum computing on economic and social life will depend on the use that will be made of this tool-and that stems from human decisions rather than being forced by knowledge itself. [33] Scientists claimed Wednesday to have achieved a near-mythical state of computing in which a new generation of machine vastly outperforms the world's fastest super-computer, known as "quantum supremacy". [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[319] viXra:1911.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 10:44:22

The Cyclic Undivided Raspberry Multiverse.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 25 Pages.

The Benjamin Libet discovery of two different Readiness Potentials (RPI and RPII) and the potential to VETO an act, is reason to suggest the presence of a Super Symmetric multiverse with entanglement down to each quantum and wavefunction.. However, Libet did not Notice, because he (or his successors) did not measure the ratio between RPI and RPII , as a base for the total number of SuSy Universes. At the same time John Cramer proposed a parallel Transactional Interpretation (T.I.) a so called “Handshake system” responsible for entanglement and wavefunction collapse processes between anti copy systems on earth. However If we take such a handshake system as functional for each (anti material) copy quantum, living inside one of the entangled anti copy universal bubbles, then we may accept it as the start for NEW PHYSICS.
Category: Astrophysics

[318] viXra:1911.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 11:53:48

"Can You Multiply Triplets?" "Yes, I Can."

Authors: Clumsy Foo
Comments: 15 Pages. Shorter equations will result in better mathematics.

It is possible to model rotations in three-dimensional space with triplets.
Category: Algebra

[317] viXra:1911.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 13:13:52

Denial of Claimed Refutation of Physicalistic Proof of Existence of the Soul

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

e evaluate the proffered proof of the physicalistic hypothesis of the existence of the soul as not tautologous, but also as not contradictory as claimed. Therefore the alternative spirit hypothesis is not established by a replacement default. A difficulty in the physicalistic hypothesis is injection of the state of annihilation, not termination, of consciousness which is equivalent to the suicide of identity in Buddhist reincarnation. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[316] viXra:1911.0343 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-07 19:06:40

The Navier-Stokes Problem

Authors: Daniel Thomas Hayes
Comments: 8 Pages.

A proposed solution to the millennium problem on the existence and smoothness of the Navier-Stokes equations.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[315] viXra:1911.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 23:48:38

[ JML+JI Prolog+ImageJ+JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine+Helmholtz ImageJ Plug-in+Minsky Machines ] as a Medical Image Processing or Electron Microscopy Image Processing Software R&D Platform

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ JML+JI Prolog+ImageJ+JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine+Helmholtz ImageJ Plug-in+Minsky Machines ] as a Medical Image Processing or Electron Microscopy Image Processing Software R&D Platform - An Understanding of Java Modeling Language[JML]/OpenJML & its Promising Applications.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[314] viXra:1911.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 00:22:51

The Universe as a Computer Philosophical Speculations on Additional Similarities.

Authors: Tariq Khan
Comments: 3 Pages.

“And when I have understanding of them, I shall have understanding of computers. And when I have understanding of computers, I shall be the Supreme Being!” --Time Bandits Here it is as if our Universe "pulls the curtain" to prevent any observer from seeing a processing "abort" or "runtime error" or, in essence, the processing might stop and we have our information washed out into a black hole boundary – or perhaps our Universe simply crashes behind the curtain of the black hole. It is as if the Universe cannot keep-up, so it removes all those relationships and removes it from the "video screen" of any possible observer. It throws up a boundary curtain - an event horizon of a black hole. But we remain consistent and there exists no "beyond" our Universe's processor rate capability...... In essence, this could provide the "why" answer to the existence of a constant speed of light as it might literally represent the maximum limit or rate that our Universe boundary can process changes in information related to the state and relationships of every particle and wormhole (quantum entanglement). In short, the fastest that our 2-D holographic boundary can process this "information" (that is measured by an observer, so it must be consistent) is the speed of light.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[313] viXra:1911.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 00:52:52

Logic About Forming Hydrogen Atom from Higgs Bosons

Authors: JianFei Chen
Comments: 4 Pages.

New theories was introduced in this paper. With these theories, author deduced the forming process of electrons and protons in Higgs field\cite{higgs1}, and analyzed many relations, finally got the theoretical values. By comparing, All experimental data \cite{codata2014} are precisely consistent with the theoretical value. It confirms that hydrogen atom is a coordinating whole with strict logic as this paper. Email: eastear@outlook.com eastear@163.com
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[312] viXra:1911.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 07:52:13

Quantum Fintech on Mainstream

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

The global effect of quantum computing on economic and social life will depend on the use that will be made of this tool-and that stems from human decisions rather than being forced by knowledge itself. [33] Scientists claimed Wednesday to have achieved a near-mythical state of computing in which a new generation of machine vastly outperforms the world's fastest super-computer, known as "quantum supremacy". [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[311] viXra:1911.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 08:38:33

Water-Based Optical Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

In a breakthrough study published in OSA Continuum, a team of scientists led by Prof Eiji Tokunaga at the Tokyo University of Science shed light on the mechanism of the Pockels effect in a new type of light modulator. [33] Optical scintillation imaging is proving feasible as a quality assurance (QA) tool for small static beams and for pre-treatment verification of radiosurgery and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans. [32] Tweaking the design of microring sensors enhances their sensitivity without adding more implementation complexity. [31] Large-scale plasmonic metasurfaces could find use in flat panel displays and other devices that can change colour thanks to recent work by researchers at the University of Cambridge in the UK. [30] Particles in solution can grow, transport, collide, interact, and aggregate into complex shapes and structures. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[310] viXra:1911.0337 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 13:51:43

On Ramanujan’s Mathematics Applied to Various Sectors of Particle Physics and Cosmological Parameters (Dilaton and Inflaton Values): Further Possible New Mathematical Connections

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 114 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed further Ramanujan equations and described the new possible mathematical connections with various sectors of Particle Physics and Cosmological parameters (dilaton and inflaton values).
Category: Mathematical Physics

[309] viXra:1911.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 18:26:19

Explanation of What Time in Kinematics is and Dispelling Myths Allegedly Stemming from the Special Theory of Relativity

Authors: Szostek Roman
Comments: 25 Pages. The new physical theory called the Special Theory of Ether.

The paper explains the time dilation phenomenon and the Lorentz-FitzGeralda contraction phenomenon on the basis of Special Theory of Ether. Presented explanations are based on the construction of innovative technical models of these phenomena, and not only on their classical description. Time dilation is a natural property of time measured by the light clock. The paper shows that time dilation phenomenon is a proof of the existence of universal frame of reference, in which the electromagnetic interaction propagates. It has been shown that there are no theoretical grounds to argue that the velocity of light in a vacuum is the maximum velocity. The adoption of such a doctrine in modern physics results from an overinterpretation of the mathematics on which Special Theory of Relativity is based. The model presented here shows how the atomic clocks can be used to determine the motion relative to the universal frame of reference in which electromagnetic signals propagate. The presented model also shows how Michelson-Morley’s experiment can be modified to be able to detect movement with respect to ether. The paper explains what time is in kinematics theories. The entire article includes only original research conducted by its author.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[308] viXra:1911.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 18:31:54

Clojure Programming – the First Two Chapters

Authors: K. S. Ooi
Comments: 26 Pages.

I use Clojure to write scripts to explore and gray-hack the systems when I was asked to do so. Sadly, Clojure is not used widely by my fellow security experts; many of them, if they are required to write scripts, use Python instead. Clojure is simply, beautiful. However, Clojure has been recently relegated; it is no longer in top 25 popular programming languages at pypl (see http://pypl.github.io/PYPL.html) and has been listed as #51 to #100 programming language by TIOBE (https://www.tiobe.com/tiobe-index/). This article is the first two chapters of my note on Clojure programming. If you are new to this language, this can be your first introduction to Clojure, and hopefully you embrace it as your scripting language for your security work.
Category: Education and Didactics

[307] viXra:1911.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 23:21:45

Refutation of Justification Based Reasoning for Dynamic Conflict Resolution

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We first evaluate the last of seven examples, which is not tautologous. This refutes the conjecture of justification based reasoning for dynamic conflict resolution, to form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[306] viXra:1911.0333 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-29 14:26:36

The Cause of Inertia

Authors: Aurelian Dumitru
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper presents the cause for inertia. We present a theoretical model of the mechanism of inertia and propose an experiment to test the new theory. Inertia is emerging at macroscopic level from the variable inertia of the microscopic particles which compose an object. The rectilinear uniform motion is just false impression caused by sinusoidal rectilinear motion. The mechanism of inertia reveals that inertia is quantized.
Category: Classical Physics

[305] viXra:1911.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 01:16:27

Quantum Light Biological Measurement

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

The experiments showed that quantum light can be used to probe enzyme activities in real time without perturbing the sample. [36] The biological technique of 'optogenetics' uses light to control cells within living tissues that have been genetically modified to be light-sensitive. [35] Not much is known about the course of events leading to Alzheimer’s disease, but the formation of toxic β-amyloid plaques and phosphorylated tau proteins have long been described as major hallmarks of the disease. [34]
Category: Physics of Biology

[304] viXra:1911.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 02:05:28

Speed of Life Protein Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

To study the swiftness of biology—the protein chemistry behind every life function—scientists need to see molecules changing and interacting in unimaginably rapid time increments—trillionths of a second or shorter. [37] The experiments showed that quantum light can be used to probe enzyme activities in real time without perturbing the sample. [36] The biological technique of 'optogenetics' uses light to control cells within living tissues that have been genetically modified to be light-sensitive. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[303] viXra:1911.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 05:31:02

Rapid One-Step Chemical Synthesis of Polyaniline-Manganese Ferrite Nanocomposites Without External Initiator and Mechanical Agitation

Authors: Emmanuel F.C. Chimamkpam, Thomas Schweizer, Andreas Schilling, Jose M.F. Ferreira
Comments: 4 Pages. ISBN: 978-1-4398-7142-3; DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3524366

We describe a rapid one-step, room temperature method to chemically synthesize bulk quantities of nanocomposites comprising specifically of manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) and polyaniline (conductive form). Typically a chemical agent, for example ammonium peroxydisulfate, is used to start the polymerization of aniline in the presence of ferrites, and stirring of the reaction system for several hours is also very common. Our approach allows for the nanocomposites to be formed in less than thirty minutes without adding an external polymerization initiator/surfactant and applying any form of mechanical agitation. This process affords the possibility to grow thin films of polyaniline-MnFe2O4 directly on device substrates. Structural, thermal, magnetic and electrical studies did reveal significant chemical interactions between MnFe2O4 and polyaniline matrix. The nanocomposites are magnetic semiconductors with long rod-shaped structures of average diameter in the nanometer scale range and optical properties resembling that of conductive polyaniline. They exhibit a positive magnetoresistance across all temperature ranges with a minimum at around 250 K, corresponding to the temperature for their uniform-to-irregular transition in dynamic stability behavior and likewise coinciding with a minimum in their profile of electrical conduction mechanism (one-dimensional variable range hopping below 250 K) – these complementarities are important for hybrid spintronic applications.
Category: Chemistry

[302] viXra:1911.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 05:54:24

Impact of Higher Capital Adequacy Requirements for Banks: Evidence from BRICS

Authors: Noor Ulain Rizvi
Comments: 2 Pages.

The global financial crisis (GFC) of 2008 imposed huge costs on the economies which are unwinding to date. After the collapse of Lehman Brothers, the regulators were confronted with difficult questions, which led to the G-20 leaders to agree on a comprehensive set of prudential norms to increase the resilience of the banking systems. The central component of these reforms is raising capital requirements. Theoretically, the benefits of higher capital adequacy requirements are manifolds; it helps in building a strengthened and more resilient financial system which can reduce the frequency of financial crisis and the related cost of such crisis. Given the historical frequency of crises in BRICS, one may think that the benefits would be limited. However, the growing importance of BRICS on the global platform, along with the growing interconnectedness among economies, the exposure to potential shocks will only increase. Thus, it is in the interest of all the five economies to implement the new regulatory norms to build a more resilient financial system. The literature mostly considers the costs and benefits of the higher capital adequacy norms for the developed economies like the United States, the United Kingdom, and other OECD countries. However, it is equally crucial for BRICS economies to weigh the benefits of these norms on the economy against the potential costs. This study fills the gap in the literature by estimating the impact of higher capital adequacy requirements for each of the BRICS economies, standalone. The conceptual framework of estimating the costs and benefits for each of the BRICS economies is closely aligned with the Long Term Economic Impact (LEI) study by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). The impact is estimated as the amount (in per cent) of GDP saved by increasing the capital requirements. The findings are then validated by a structured questionnaire, 2 administered on the banking experts who have been closely involved in the process of Basel implementation at their banks. This research delves deeper into the impact of higher capital adequacy requirement on the credit risk (risk in the loan portfolio of banks), which has been termed as the prime contributor to the systemic banking crisis in the past episodes of crises. A further disaggregation on the basis of ownership and accounting for the GFC is also done. The main findings of this study indicate that the net benefits of higher capital adequacy requirements outweigh the costs for all the BRICS economies; however, the benefits for Brazil and Russia are substantially higher. Also, a strong monetary policy of an economy can play a role in controlling the costs of higher capital for the economy. The survey results also establish that higher capital norms will increase the stability and resilience of the banking sector. The survey also gauges the opinion of experts on the indirect impact of these norms, along with the critical success factors in the process of implementation. Finally, the results of the empirical analysis establish a positive relationship between capital norms and credit risk. The study has important implications for academia and policymakers. While it enriches the existing body of knowledge with new findings and evidence for the academia, for the policymakers, it suggests that a more conservative approach results in a lower probability of a crisis. It is also suggested that there is enough room to increase the capital requirements above the regulatory ratios as the net impact will still be positive. To the best of the author’s knowledge, the study has made a novel attempt to assess the impact of each of the BRICS economies separately along with collecting the invaluable insights from the banking experts about the implementation process.
Category: Economics and Finance

[301] viXra:1911.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 06:13:16

The Space Conveyor Could Revolutionize Space Travel

Authors: Stanley Korn
Comments: 9 Pages.

The proposed space conveyor is a mass transit system for launching vehicles into space that uses the energy of Earth’s rotation to do the heavy lifting. In some respects, the space conveyor is similar to a space elevator in that they both consist of a ground station connected to a top station located some distance above the height of geostationary orbit. However, instead of being joined by a tether, the two stations are connected by a conveyor belt moving along rollers on both stations. Whereas with a space elevator, the climber must make a round trip from the ground to the top station and back before it can carry a second load, the space conveyor allows loads to be continuously attached to the moving conveyor belt, resulting in a vast increase in carrying capacity compared to the space elevator. Furthermore, if the height of the space conveyor is chosen so that the gravitational force acting on the conveyor belt and the attached conveyor cars is exactly balanced by the centrifugal force due to Earth’s rotation, the only energy required to operate the space conveyor would be that which is necessary to offset the small losses due to friction on the bearings supporting the rollers as well as air resistance on the tiny fraction of the conveyor belt lying within Earth’s atmosphere. This balance between the gravitational force and the centrifugal force will continue to hold even in the presence of a net upward flow of mass, as is expected to occur for some time after the space conveyor becomes operational, as humanity leaves Earth to explore and colonize the rest of the solar system, that energy difference being provided by the energy of Earth’s rotation. It turns out that the minimum tensile strength required for the conveyor belt of the space conveyor is the same as that for the tether of the space elevator, so it follows that if the technology exists for constructing a space elevator, it likewise exists for constructing a space conveyor. Therefore, given the substantial advantages of the space conveyor as compared to the space elevator, namely, vastly increased carrying capacity as well as greatly reduced energy required per unit payload carried aloft, it makes sense to devote our resources to designing and building a space conveyor rather than a space elevator.
Category: Classical Physics

[300] viXra:1911.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 06:23:05

A Method of Determining the Extreme Points of a Function Defined on the Integers

Authors: Stanley Korn
Comments: 5 Pages.

The standard method of determining the extreme points of a function ��(��) is to set its first derivative equal to zero and solve for x. However, this method requires that the function be continuous (at least piecewise) and differentiable; it won’t work for a function defined on the integers. Described herein is a method of determining the extreme points of a function defined on the integers. This method is illustrated by using it to solve two example problems.
Category: General Mathematics

[299] viXra:1911.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 07:38:13

Consciousness and the Incompleteness of Science

Authors: Stanley Korn
Comments: 9 Pages.

Physicalism, which provides the philosophical basis of modern science, holds that consciousness is solely a product of brain activity, and more generally, that mind is an epiphenomenon of matter, that is, derivable from and reducible to matter. If mind is reducible to matter, then it follows that identical states of matter must correspond to identical states of mind. In this discourse, I provide a cogent refutation of physicalism by showing examples of physically identical states which, by definition, cannot be distinguished by any method available to science but can nevertheless be distinguished by a conscious observer. I conclude by giving an example of information that is potentially knowable by an individual but is beyond the ken of science.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[298] viXra:1911.0325 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-19 16:55:00

A Proof of the Existence of the Soul

Authors: Stanley Korn
Comments: 3 Pages.

Physicalism, which provides the philosophical basis of modern science, holds that consciousness is a product of brain activity. Using a series of thought experiments, I show that the hypothesis that the brain is the seat of consciousness leads to a contradiction, which leaves the remaining alternative that consciousness is contained in a nonphysical vehicle, referred to as the spirit or soul.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[297] viXra:1911.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 08:37:04

Building Block for Quantum Technologies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Nanooptical traps are a promising building block for quantum technologies. Austrian and German scientists have now removed an important obstacle to their practical use. [37] The experiments showed that quantum light can be used to probe enzyme activities in real time without perturbing the sample. [36] The biological technique of 'optogenetics' uses light to control cells within living tissues that have been genetically modified to be light-sensitive. [35] Not much is known about the course of events leading to Alzheimer’s disease, but the formation of toxic β-amyloid plaques and phosphorylated tau proteins have long been described as major hallmarks of the disease. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[296] viXra:1911.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 09:16:16

Magneto-Optic Dual-Comb Spectroscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Dual-comb spectroscopy is a new spectroscopy that uses two precisely controlled ultrashort pulse lasers, known as optical frequency combs (optical combs). [38] Nanooptical traps are a promising building block for quantum technologies. Austrian and German scientists have now removed an important obstacle to their practical use. [37] The experiments showed that quantum light can be used to probe enzyme activities in real time without perturbing the sample. [36] The biological technique of 'optogenetics' uses light to control cells within living tissues that have been genetically modified to be light-sensitive. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[295] viXra:1911.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 10:30:17

Light-Sensing Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have made one of the highest-performance cameras ever composed of sensors that count single photons, or particles of light. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[294] viXra:1911.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 08:20:27

Quantum Computers Mark Their Work

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

A new test to check if a quantum computer is giving correct answers to questions beyond the scope of traditional computing could help the first quantum computer that can outperform a classical computer to be realized. [56] A new test to check if a quantum computer is giving correct answers to questions beyond the scope of traditional computing could help the first quantum computer that can outperform a classical computer to be realized. [56] In quantum computing, as in team building, a little diversity can help get the job done better, computer scientists have discovered. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50]
Category: Quantum Physics

[293] viXra:1911.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 08:50:16

A Refutation Of Ilija Barukˇci ́c’s Modus Inversus AndConclusions Following From It

Authors: Nhef Luminati
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper the general validity of the methodological approach of frequent vixra.org contributor Ilija Barukčić are examined and refuted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[292] viXra:1911.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 08:57:59

Hydrogen Tuning Quantum Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Researchers at TU Delft have discovered a method to stretch and compress quantum materials using hydrogen gas. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44] There's little doubt the information technology revolution has improved our lives. But unless we find a new form of electronic technology that uses less energy, computing will become limited by an "energy crunch" within decades. [43] Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have recently succeeded in boosting the storage time of quantum information, using a small glass container filled with room temperature atoms, taking an important step towards a secure quantum encoded distribution network. [42] New work by a team at the University of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics has uncovered fundamental limits on the quantum operations which can be carried out with postselection. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[291] viXra:1911.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 09:03:07

The Words Implicit and Explicit Seem to Describe All that "IS"

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 19 Pages.

I conceptually discuss what I consider the naturally occurring construct of universal reality might be. I talk about what I consider to be the random conditions, influences and effects that might help to conceptually explain how the universe might have come into being in the first place. I debate that there are two continuums in the universe. One of these is the implicit continuum and the other is the explicit continuum. I suggest that quantum non-locality theory in physics provides a useful tool in order to help to understand the concurrent relationship between both these continuums. I demonstrate that non-locality [metaphysical-implicitness] is real and that this is why science must learn to accommodate this notion if it is ever to be able to describe and demonstrate a theory of everything. Email: conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: Quantum Physics

[290] viXra:1911.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 09:26:22

Unknown Summations

Authors: Yuly Shipilevsky
Comments: 2 Pages.

We introduce a set of finite and infinite summations which looks like were never considered yet.
Category: General Mathematics

[289] viXra:1911.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 11:12:58

The Prime Counting Function and the Sum of Prime Numbers

Authors: Juan Moreno Borrallo
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper it is proved that the sum of consecutive prime numbers up to the square root of a given natural number is asymptotically equivalent to the prime counting function. Also, they are found some solutions such that both series are equal. Finally, they are listed the prime numbers at which both series are equal, and exposed some conjectures regarding this type of prime numbers.
Category: Number Theory

[288] viXra:1911.0314 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-03 15:24:39

Metaphysics and Human Life

Authors: Kiyoung Kim
Comments: 11 Pages.

The ontological interpretation of physical vacuum and its interactions in physical phenomena was initiated to understand the quantum philosophy or the reality matter in quantum mechanics, at the beginning; however, it must be a different worldview from any metaphysical view that used to be in philosophy, and thus, it affects on all branches of academic studies and human activities in general. Especially, the ontological interpretation of soul, such as what it is, how it interacts with its own living physical body and external physical objects, and so on, should have an influence on the basic human values and principles, which makes human life improved ultimately with a firm philosophical base.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[287] viXra:1911.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 13:06:53

Elementary Geometric Proofs Of Euler's Rotation Theorem

Authors: Ross Ure Anderson
Comments: 13 pages, 12 figures

Two elementary Euclidean Geometry proofs of Euler's Rotation Theorem, with appendices discussing a formal mathematical definition of rigid motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[286] viXra:1911.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 17:38:27

The Big Bang is a Mystery (SR Proves)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis The Universe Is A Continuum Explanation Question no. 1 If the universe is a continuum why that disprove the big bang concept? Because – in this case – the universe will no longer be created by some random process otherwise it can't be a continuum – to be a continuum its components should be created complementary to each other to consist together one continuum Question no. 2 Why does the Special theory of relativity prove that the universe is a continuum? Einstein told that Space-time is a continuum but he didn't tell that the universe is a continuum- Space-time is coordinates consist one continuum because it's coordinates –means – the time and distance values are defined by the point position in space-time – So when Einstein told the Space-time is a continuum he didn't effect on the universe geometry itself – he simply provided a new geometry to define the coordinates But When we accept the hypothesis that – the universe is a continuum - that means -we accept that the particle properties are defined by coordinates! Specifically – that means – Particle Mass will be defined as time and distance in the space-time coordinates! But particle mass is a particle property and can't be defined by any coordinates! We have 2 different visions here! But … in fact ....the particle high velocity motion changes its time, length and MASS So, simply if the mass can be added to the space-time and defined as particle coordinates – so the special theory of relativity disproves the big bang theory Otherwise –it can't …. In this paper I try to prove that – practical mass is defined as distance & time values – all of them are space-time coordinates – that proves the hypothesis – the universe is a continuum – and disproves the big bang theory Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[285] viXra:1911.0311 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-23 05:48:28

A Note on a Possible Anomaly in the Complex Numbers

Authors: Han Geurdes
Comments: 4 Pages. After further discussion

In the present paper a conflict in basic complex number theory is reported. The ingredients of the analysis are Euler's identity and the DeMoivre rule for n=2. The outcome is that a quadratic equation only has one single solution because one of the existing solutions gives rise to an impossibility.
Category: General Mathematics

[284] viXra:1911.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 05:46:30

多 与 少 告 诉 我 们 黎 曼 伪 造 质 数

Authors: Aaron chau
Comments: 2 Pages.

在西方的古希腊,Euclid 证明质数无限,他是用(乘除法)来表述反证法; 而现时在东方香港,本文同时来证明孪生质数无限,黎曼假设被推翻; 筆者是用(加减法)来表述永恒的多与少。
Category: Number Theory

[283] viXra:1911.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 07:00:38

Cancer-Shielding Protein

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

What we learned in this study is extremely useful in designing new drugs because it tells us which areas to target to block the checkpoint protein's function." [36] Now, in a watershed advance, engineers at the University of California, Riverside, in collaboration with researchers at City of Hope National Medical Center, have invented a device that holds potential for mass-producing engineered cells at lower cost, a tipping point for these lifesaving therapies. [35] Scientists have reported a new approach to treating lung cancer with inhaled nanoparticles developed at Wake Forest School of Medicine, part of Wake Forest Baptist Health. [34]
Category: Physics of Biology

[282] viXra:1911.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 07:05:36

The Goldbach Conjecture is True

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 2 Pages.

In the 17th century Christian Goldbach conjectured that any even number four or greater is the sum of two primes. This has never been proven, but it has been tested and shown to be true for all even numbers up to 4 x 10^18. We show the probability of this being false is about (1 / 10^98912 ) collectively for all even integers greater than 65,536,000 and drops to over ((1 / 10)^10)^14 collectively for all even integers greater than 4.5 x 10^18.
Category: Number Theory

[281] viXra:1911.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 07:16:29

The Inescapable Duality of All “things”

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 3 Pages.

I present the notion that our space time universe is “swimming” in a sea of sub-quantum [non-local] weirdness. I also conceptually postulate that all “things” and events in our universe are somehow in a dual and entangled relationship with each other. I imagine this relationship as being a concurrent one and that they are not materially connected to each other. However, I believe that they do influence and effect each other in some way. I refer to this sea of weirdness as being non-physical implicit phenomena and physical phenomena entangled within this sea as being explicit phenomena. I discuss what my concept of the duality of all that “IS” might mean in helping us to better understand the workings of the wider universe as well as what such a conceptual theory might mean for future scientific research and understanding. Email: conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: Quantum Physics

[280] viXra:1911.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 07:22:25

Constraints on Dark Matter Axions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

ADMX, with its world-leading sensitivity, has ruled out axions of a certain mass range as dark matter. [30] In a recent study, a team of researchers has presented new direct-detection constraints on eV-to-GeV dark matter interacting with electrons, using a new prototype detector developed as part of the Sub-Electron-Noise Skipper-CCD Experimental Instrument (SENSEI) project. [29] As fascinating as it is mysterious, dark matter is one of the greatest enigmas of astrophysics and cosmology. [28] An exotic and extremely rare nuclear decay that involves the simultaneous capture of two atomic electrons by a xenon-124 nucleus has been observed in a dark-matter detector. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23]
Category: Astrophysics

[279] viXra:1911.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 08:00:20

Better Light-Trapping Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

A study published in Nature describes a new design for optical resonators that are more effective at trapping light, an important fundamental step towards making more efficient optical devices. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[278] viXra:1911.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 10:20:29

The Light Deflection and the Anomaly near the Sun

Authors: Walter Orlov
Comments: 2 Pages.

Closer to the sun the relativistic dependence is violated. The gravitational field becomes stronger than calculated by the general relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[277] viXra:1911.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 12:12:14

Wolf 1061c in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages.

A few issues are addressed to explain Wolf 1061c, which are different than the dogma. Explanation is provided. A screenshot of the Wikipedia page of Wolf 1061c is provided to juxtapose the General Theory from dogma.
Category: Astrophysics

[276] viXra:1911.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 14:40:21

A New Hamiltonian Model of the Fibonacci Quasicrystal Using Non-Local Interactions: Simulations and Spectral Analysis

Authors: Amrik Sen, Carlos Castro
Comments: 16 Pages. Submitted to EPJB

This article presents a novel Hamiltonian architecture based on vertex types and empires for demonstrating the emergence of aperiodic order (quasicrystal growth) in one dimension by a suitable prescription for breaking translation symmetry. At the outset, the paper presents different algorithmic, geometrical, and algebraic methods of constructing empires of vertex configurations of a given quasi- lattice. These empires have non-local scope and form the building blocks of the new lattice model. This model is tested via Monte Carlo simulations beginning with randomly arranged N tiles. The simulations clearly establish the Fibonacci configuration, which is a one dimensional quasicrystal of length N, as the final relaxed state of the system. The Hamiltonian is promoted to a matrix operator form by performing dyadic tensor products of pairs of interacting empire vectors followed by a summation over all permissible configurations. A spectral analysis of the Hamiltonian matrix is performed and a theoretical method is presented to find the exact solution of the attractor configuration that is given by the Fibonacci chain as predicted by the simulations. Finally, a precise theoretical explanation is provided which shows that the Fibonacci chain is the most probable ground state. The proposed Hamiltonian is a one dimensional model of quasicrystal growth.
Category: Condensed Matter

[275] viXra:1911.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 17:07:29

On the Neutrino Theory of Light

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

This is a review article. We show that the mass of neutrinos in accelerating fields behaves radically differently than masses other particles. Abandonment of the idea that photons are systems of entangled neutrino-antineutrino (NAN) pairs creates great problems today in a coherent description of dark matter, dark energy, nuclear plasma and spin and mass of the proton. In fact, objects built from entangled or/and confined NAN pairs create the illusion of the existence of quarks. Here we calculated the neutrino charge and the lower and upper limits for photon mass.
Category: Quantum Physics

[274] viXra:1911.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 17:45:40

New Origin, Shape and Dynamics of the Universe

Authors: Dan Visser
Comments: 5 Pages.

A new origin, shape and dynamics of the universe is postulated in addition to an extensive amount of my articles earlier posted in the vixra-archive, because endorsement for review and acceptence is neglected by institutional physics and cosmology departements.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[273] viXra:1911.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 20:25:13

Weather Event Severity Prediction Using Buoy Data and Machine Learning

Authors: Vikas Ramachandra
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, we predict severity of extreme weather events (tropical storms, hurricanes, etc.) using buoy data time series variables such as wind speed and air temperature. The prediction/forecasting method is based on various forecasting and machine learning models. The following steps are used. Data sources for the buoys and weather events are identified, aggregated and merged. For missing data imputation, we use Kalman filters as well as splines for multivariate time series. Then, statistical tests are run to ascertain increasing trends in weather event severity. Next, we use machine learning to predict/forecast event severity using buoy variables, and report good accuracies for the models built.
Category: Climate Research

[272] viXra:1911.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 01:09:59

Artificial Robot Muscles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Artificial muscles will power the soft robots and wearable devices of the future. But more needs to be understood about the underlying mechanics of these powerful structures in order to design and build new devices. [28] Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology have recently proposed a neurorobotics approach that could aid the development of robots with advanced communication capabilities. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[271] viXra:1911.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 04:22:45

Nanoparticles Fight Lung Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

Scientists have reported a new approach to treating lung cancer with inhaled nanoparticles developed at Wake Forest School of Medicine, part of Wake Forest Baptist Health. [34] Another collaborative project from a nanoparticles expert at The University of Texas at Arlington has yielded promising results in the search for more effective, targeted cancer treatments. [33] Automated radiotherapy planning is a boon for medical physicists and dosimetrists, radiotherapy departments, and patients themselves – according to a team at Cone Health Cancer Center. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[270] viXra:1911.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 04:49:49

Nanoscale Magnetic Tuning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

In collaboration with colleagues from the Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden (IFW) and the University of Glasgow, physicists from the German research center Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) are working to produce engineered magnetic nanostructures and to tailor material properties at the nanoscale. [30] Manipulating nanoscale light in scanning tunneling microscope junctions is attained by nanofabrication of gold tips using a focused ion beam technique. [29] Researchers at Tokyo Tech have developed a nanosized container bearing photoswitches that takes up hydrophobic compounds of various size and shape in water and subsequently releases them quantitatively by non-invasive light stimulus. [28] By studying how electrons in two-dimensional graphene can literally act like a liquid, researchers have paved the way for further research into a material that has the potential to enable future electronic computing devices that outpace silicon transistors. [27] This research is a therefore a step towards basic and technological research into 3-D analogues of QSH insulators, and may ultimately lead to new electronic and spintronic technologies. [26] Topological insulators (TIs) host exotic physics that could shed new light on the fundamental laws of nature. [25] A new study by scientists from the University of Bristol brings us a significant step closer to unleashing the revolutionary potential of quantum computing by harnessing silicon fabrication technology to build complex on-chip quantum optical circuits. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[269] viXra:1911.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 05:26:04

Carbon Nanotubes Application

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

An international team of scientists led by researchers from the Laboratory of Nanomaterials at the Skoltech Center for Photonics and Quantum Materials (CPQM) has rationally designed a novel p-type flexible transparent conductor using single-walled carbon nanotubes. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[268] viXra:1911.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 06:20:30

On the Ramanujan Formulas: Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Particle Physics, in Particular on the Masses of the Dilaton, of the Candidate Glueball and of the Two Pion Mesons.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 174 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed various Ramanujan equations and described the new possible mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle physics, in particular on the masses of the dilaton, of the candidate glueball and of the two Pion mesons.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[267] viXra:1911.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 06:38:45

Precisely Poking Cells Cure Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Now, in a watershed advance, engineers at the University of California, Riverside, in collaboration with researchers at City of Hope National Medical Center, have invented a device that holds potential for mass-producing engineered cells at lower cost, a tipping point for these lifesaving therapies. [35] Scientists have reported a new approach to treating lung cancer with inhaled nanoparticles developed at Wake Forest School of Medicine, part of Wake Forest Baptist Health. [34]
Category: Physics of Biology

[266] viXra:1911.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 08:18:55

Recurring Pairs of Consecutive Entries in the Number-of-Divisors Function

Authors: Richard J. Mathar
Comments: 39 Pages.

The Number-of-Divisors Function tau(n) is the number of divisors of a positive integer n, including 1 and n itself. Searching for pairs of the format (tau(n), tau(n+1)), some pairs appear (very) often, some never and some --- like (1,2), (4,9), or (10,3) --- exactly once. The manuscript provides proofs for 46 pairs to appear exactly once and lists 12 pairs that conjecturally appear only once. It documents a snapshot of a community effort to verify sequence A161460 of the Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences that started ten years ago.
Category: Number Theory

[265] viXra:1911.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 08:33:32

Graphene Softer if You Bend

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

To make the bent graphene, Yu fabricated individual atomic layers of hexagonal boron nitride, another 2-D material, into atomic-scale steps, then stamped the graphene over the top. [48] "The junctions were reproducible over several devices and operated from 20 Kelvin up to room temperature. Our approach represents a simple but powerful strategy for the future integration of molecule-based functions into stable and controllable nanoelectronic devices." [47] The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[264] viXra:1911.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 10:17:04

Better Candidate for Chemotherapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

When the red blood cells make their tight squeeze through the lung's tiny capillaries, the nanoparticles are sheared off and taken up by lung cells with tenfold greater success than free-floating nanoparticles, and dramatically improved the survival of mice with lung cancer metastasis. [25] But a new ultrasonic method proposed by biomedical engineers from Qifa Zhou's team at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles could enable acoustic control and real-time tracking of drug release within the body. [24] A Rutgers-led team has created better biosensor technology that may help lead to safe stem cell therapies for treating Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and other neurological disorders. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[263] viXra:1911.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 10:27:13

Mass of the W Boson as Threshold Energy in Electroweak Interactions

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The W and Z bosons are the normal particles that masses follow from weak interactions of pions and leptons. In reality, the weak interactions are defined by the scalar condensates in centres of fermions. Here we show that to produce the scalar condensate in centre of the baryons, involved energy must be equal to or higher than mass of the W boson.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[262] viXra:1911.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 16:36:39

Theory of God's Creation

Authors: Christopher L A Smith
Comments: 5 Pages. theory of everything would like it well handled

Pyramids they are everything’s particle constituent as I explain you will get to know the basic structure of the universe they are magnetic in nature and have both a field release and field return of magnetism as a force continuum. These Pyramid’s release and intake force into each other’s field continuum they stream force into each other’s field continuum force intake releases force into return fields force intake spirals into release into a vortex of motion spiraling around release. The force releases straight out the tip to return normally but can move slightly towards greater force of returning magnetism the release field of the base seeks the return field in release direction and the base can split into several release and return points. These Pyramids are gluons permeate as heat make up all particles when together as fields.
Category: Quantum Physics

[261] viXra:1911.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 12:26:40

Creating a More Human-Like AI Entity

Authors: Keith D. Foote
Comments: 1 Page.

This paper initiates and explores the concept of recording the visual and audio experiences of individuals to be used as a foundation for AI entities. The goal is to provide more human like behavior.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[260] viXra:1911.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 14:47:29

Nature Astronomy Journal Has Been Published Plagiarism of Leonov's Concept of a Quantized Ball-Shaped Universe

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

In 1996, I developed and published the scientific concept of the quantized ball-shaped universe in Russian [1]. This concept was published a second time in English in 2010-2011 in my fundamental the theory of Superunification [2-4]. The concept of a quantized universe is my development. Our universe is a quantized universe and the universe is filled with quantons. Quanton is a quantum of space-time and it was discovered by me in 1996. Quanton has four integer quark two electric (±e) and two magnetic (±g). The calculated diameter of the quanton is 10^—25 m. The concentration of quantons is the quantum density (is an average ~10^75 q/m3) of the medium (space) and this is a variable function that describes the deformation (Einstein's analogue of curvature) of quantized space-time. A quantized universe can only have the shape of a ball and at the moment it is in a white hole state. Our universe is not flat. It is spherically deformed and the deformation (force) vector is directed to the periphery of the universe forcing the galaxies to run with acceleration. A quantized universe has no expansion and its diameter is a constant parameter. We are observing only the accelerated scattering (recession) of galaxies inside of the quantized deformed universe. This is a new physics; this is a new methodology for calculating the parameters of the universe and its state as at the present moment and for the future. I was glad when I read the article “Planck evidence for a closed Universe and a possible crisis for cosmology” in the “Nature Astronomy” [5], which once again confirms the correctness of the theory of Superunification. But I was surprised when I did not see a reference to my theory of Superunification and to the Leonov's concept of a quantized ball-shaped universe. We must make references to publications that were made earlier. This is customary in the scientific community. The lack of reference to the publication is plagiarism.
Category: Quantum Physics

[259] viXra:1911.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 17:23:15

Simultaneity Role in The Solar System (SR Discussions)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 16 Pages.

One of the basic difficulties I have faced with the Special Theory of Relativity….is What's happened on the next day after the relativistic effects?! We know L0 will be contracted and be L1 - and t0 will be longer t1 – also m0 will be greater m1 But how these values will live their rest of lives?! Imagine we have a rectangle its length L0 now if this length be contracted by lorentz length contraction phenomenon to become L1 – is this new length will work as the rectangle length or this position will change….? Shortly How the relativistic system will cooperate with the non-relativistic one? Special Theory of relativity gives us a short information – it's a story for what's happening in accident – but what will happen after?…. we don't know! Now I wish to write my conclusion how Einstein created this theory…. While Einstein depends on hundreds of electrodynamics experimental results and many of new discoveries in particle motion analysis – he had a very hard job to find the cooperation point between all this material – In addition to his incredible brilliant intelligence – he was so brave warrior to accept such heavy job to do The theory gives us incomplete picture –because – he didn't allow himself to provide imagination has no proves – so he provided the facts which are proved by experiments and their direct conclusions with so deep insights Now this is almost the electrodynamics apex capacity – means – this is the highest result can reach by the 5 senses experiments – instead we have to use Data Analysis to see much deeper We simply ask why they didn't use the data analysis? The difficulty here is in the experiment meaning in itself… Because we don't know how the matter is created?, we don't really know the experiment tools which we use – Einstein told us that – we even didn't know how to use the time and distance values which we measure in labs that because we have wrong definitions about them Shortly If we search for a system in which a relativistic dimension has cooperation with non-relativistic one- so this system we can't be created in experiments – we have to find it in the nature itself – Clearly we can't create such system – basically because we have no the required sufficient knowledge to do I provide a clear claim here– I claim that the solar system has relativistic effects – and because the system works sufficiently – we conclude that the relativistic dimension cooperates with the non-relativistic one perfectly- and they consist together the solar system – This idea gives us a chance to a new-approach analysis for the theory– let's start in following Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[258] viXra:1911.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 22:44:56

Two Body Motion: A Rudimentary Inspection

Authors: Anamitra Palit
Comments: 10 Pages.

The basic laws of mechanics, conservation of linear momentum and angular momentum have been considered along with a third equation—a new one-- to bring out conflicting features in the subject by considering two body motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[257] viXra:1911.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 23:47:03

Energy, Market, Ecology and the Challenge of Civilization

Authors: V. A. Kasimov.
Comments: 7 Pages. Russian, English

Perhaps the most sinister the shadow hanging over the future of Humanity is the uncontrolled use of enormous amounts of energy. The "marriage union" of the market with energy is able to create an ecological monster that will "devour” all life on Earth except, perhaps, prokaryotes - the original form of life.
Category: Physics of Biology

[256] viXra:1911.0275 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-17 23:52:46

Exponential Factorization and Polar Decomposition of Multivectors in $Cl(p,q)$, $p+q \leq 3$

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer, Stephen J. Sangwine
Comments: 18 Pages. Submitted to Adv. in Appl. Cliff. Algs., 2019.

In this paper we consider general multivector elements of Clifford algebras $Cl(p,q)$, $n=p+q \leq 3$, and study multivector equivalents of polar decompositions and factorization into products of exponentials, where the exponents are frequently blades of grades zero (scalar) to $n$ (pseudoscalar).
Category: Algebra

[255] viXra:1911.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 04:58:19

Hot Electrons Harvested

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Semiconductors convert energy from photons (light) into an electron current. However, some photons carry too much energy for the material to absorb. These photons produce "hot electrons," and the excess energy of these electrons is converted into heat. [26] Researchers at Heriot-Watt University, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Toulouse, France, have proposed a novel framework that combines statistical models with highly scalable computational tools from the computer graphics community to accurately extract the 3-D information in real-time (50 frames per second). [25] The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[254] viXra:1911.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 07:04:28

Photoemission Electron Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A research group led by Prof. Fu Qiang and Prof. Bao Xinhe at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have developed near ambient pressure photoemission electron microscopy (AP-PEEM) with a tunable deep-ultraviolet (DUV) laser source as the excitation source. [27] Semiconductors convert energy from photons (light) into an electron current. However, some photons carry too much energy for the material to absorb. These photons produce "hot electrons," and the excess energy of these electrons is converted into heat. [26] Researchers at Heriot-Watt University, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Toulouse, France, have proposed a novel framework that combines statistical models with highly scalable computational tools from the computer graphics community to accurately extract the 3-D information in real-time (50 frames per second). [25] The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[253] viXra:1911.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 07:14:38

On Various Ramanujan Continued Fractions: Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Particle Physics Concerning Like-Particle Solutions and Dilaton Value.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 41 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed various Ramanujan continued fractions and described the new possible mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle physics concerning like-particle solutions and dilaton value.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[252] viXra:1911.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 07:43:53

Carbon Nanotube Controlling Neural Cell

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Researchers of the Microelectronics Research Unit (MIC) at the University of Oulu, in collaboration with Tampere University, have demonstrated that carbon nanotubes can be used to control the direction of neural cell growth. [40] Now Shulaker and his team in Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, alongside researchers at Analog Devices, Inc.(ADI) also in Massachusetts USA, have taken on a series of challenges that have hampered carbon nanotube (CNT) computers since the first carbon nanotube transistors were reported in the late 1990s. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38]
Category: Physics of Biology

[251] viXra:1911.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 08:28:30

Particle Beam Instability

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

The more intense the beams, the more easily scientists can examine the object they are looking at. But intensity comes with a cost: the more intense the beams, the more they become prone to instabilities. [40] DESY scientists have created a miniature particle accelerator for electrons that can perform four different functions at the push of a button. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[250] viXra:1911.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 08:58:17

Complex Scenes from Long Distances

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Researchers at Heriot-Watt University, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Toulouse, France, have proposed a novel framework that combines statistical models with highly scalable computational tools from the computer graphics community to accurately extract the 3-D information in real-time (50 frames per second). [25] The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[249] viXra:1911.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 09:20:11

The Riemann Flow

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

The Riemann flow is defined with help of the riemannian curvature.
Category: Geometry

[248] viXra:1911.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 10:10:10

GR Equation for Gravitational-Capillary Waves of Deep Water

Authors: Vladimir Aksayskiy
Comments: 1 Page.

The equation of gravitational-capillary waves of deep water can be represented in form of Einstein field equation in general theory of relativity. In this case, waves with a minimum speed on surface of water will be a physical model of gravitational waves with the speed of light.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[247] viXra:1911.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 12:09:07

Kalecki's Paradoxical Odyssey

Authors: Stephen Ternyik
Comments: 10 Pages.

Non-orthodox economic approach.
Category: Economics and Finance

[246] viXra:1911.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 01:19:00

Trapped Interferometer Gravity Probe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Atoms held in place by laser beams offer a new and more compact means of measuring the local acceleration due to gravity, paving the way for applications ranging from geophysical exploration to sensitive tests of fundamental forces. [34] In a study published online in Nature Methods, Prof. Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[245] viXra:1911.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 02:58:53

Split Photons in Bose-Einstein Condensate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

"Perhaps quantum computers might one day use this method to communicate with each other and form a kind of quantum Internet," says Weitz with a view towards the future. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light particles non-destructively. [22] A study by the Quantum Technologies for Information Science (QUTIS) group of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has produced a series of protocols for quantum sensors that could allow images to be obtained by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance of single biomolecules using a minimal amount of radiation. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[244] viXra:1911.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 03:30:27

Reroute Light in Computer Chips

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[243] viXra:1911.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 05:05:34

Cooper Pair Metal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

The findings describe an entirely new state of matter, the researchers say, that will require a new theoretical explanation. [51] This area of research aims to greatly accelerate the study of spintronics with organic molecules. [50] In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43] Bioengineers and biophysicists from the have discovered that the toxicity of nanoparticles depends more on their size and the extent to which their surface area is charged than on their chemical composition. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[242] viXra:1911.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 05:36:23

Terahertz Laser with Laughing Gas

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Within the electromagnetic middle ground between microwaves and visible light lies terahertz radiation, and the promise of "T-ray vision." [15] A team of scientists from DESY and the University of Hamburg has achieved an important milestone in the quest for a new type of compact particle accelerator. [14] A research team led by physicists at LMU Munich reports a significant advance in laser-driven particle acceleration. [13] And now, physicists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and their collaborators have demonstrated that computers are ready to tackle the universe's greatest mysteries. [12]
Category: Quantum Physics

[241] viXra:1911.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 06:15:04

Spring and Gravity Laws of Vibration Energy Harvesting

Authors: Emmanuel F.C. Chimamkpam
Comments: 15 pages of texts/equations and 11 pages of figures. DOI:10.5281/zenodo.3530639

Usual theory has it that large power is only attained by using large mass in harvesting of vibration energy. But can a heavy harvester be displaced at all or meaningfully under small vibration sources? Large mass means large materials with high costs, less ease of transportation and high difficulty of integration into portable technologies. Herein, a theory is proposed and validated for power as inversely proportional to mass but directly proportional to the stiffness of spring, meaning that large mass is not always needed. A further concept is established that more local gravity gives higher power but on condition that mass, spring stiffness and displacement amplitude of vibration source remain unchanged. Nonlinear multi-phase power spectrum arises when displacement amplitude of a vibration source is constant, whereas linear single-phase spectrum is the result when this amplitude fluctuates in non-zero gravity. All theoretical findings concur with results of real-life applications, giving new design pathways for high performance harvesters.
Category: Quantum Physics

[240] viXra:1911.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 06:50:19

Refutation of Fundamental Sets for Algebraic Subgroups

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate fundamental sets for algebraic subgroups by way of the seminal Theorem 6.12. It is not tautologous and refutes the conjecture. What follows is refutation of quantitative reduction theory and unlikely intersections. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Algebra

[239] viXra:1911.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 06:56:30

New Paradox in the Special Relativity Mass-Spring-Mass Oscillator

Authors: Randolf Rolff
Comments: 7 pages; German language Deutsch: Neues Paradoxon in der SRT– Masse-Feder-Masse-Schwinger

When calculating the resonance frequency of a fast moving mass-spring-mass oscillator, this contradicts the relativistic time dilation. The calculated frequency depends on the inertial system used for the calculation. There are indications that the elastic potential energy of a spring decreases with increasing speed and does not increase as predicted by the theory of relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[238] viXra:1911.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 07:19:42

Quantum Transition Electron Lack Spin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

The phenomenon occurs at extremely low temperatures very close to absolute zero. When temperatures fall this low, thermodynamic fluctuations practically disappear, and quantum fluctuations are observed, constituting the "medium" in which interactions among electrons take place. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[237] viXra:1911.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 08:48:22

Spin Dynamics in Rydberg Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Rydberg molecules are giant molecules made up of tens or hundreds of atoms bound to a Rydberg atom. [39] The three-year Rydberg Quantum Simulators (RYSQ) project was set up to capitalize on the versatility of Rydberg atoms in order to address a variety of quantum simulations. [38] Using lasers, U.S. and Austrian physicists have coaxed ultracold strontium atoms into complex structures unlike any previously seen in nature. [37] A team of researchers has now presented this state of matter in the journal Physical Review Letters. The theoretical work was done at TU Wien (Vienna) and Harvard University, the experiment was performed at Rice University in Houston (Texas). [36] The old question, whether quantum systems show recurrences, can finally be answered: Yes, they do-but the concept of recurrence has to be slightly redefined. [35] Researchers at Purdue University have performed the first experimental tests of several fundamental theorems in thermodynamics, verifying the relationship between them and providing a better understanding of how nanoparticles behave under fluctuation. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information-known as qubits-that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[236] viXra:1911.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 09:45:02

Quantum Objective Reality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Clearly these are all deeply philosophical questions about the fundamental nature of reality. Whatever the answer, an interesting future awaits. [37] Researchers at the University of Vienna study the relevance of quantum reference frames for the symmetries of the world. [36] Researchers in Singapore have built a refrigerator that's just three atoms big. This quantum fridge won't keep your drinks cold, but it's cool proof of physics operating at the smallest scales. [35] Researchers have created a new testing ground for quantum systems in which they can literally turn certain particle interactions on and off, potentially paving the way for advances in spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[235] viXra:1911.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 10:52:41

Molecular Chirality Changes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

The researchers have generated femtosecond laser pulses, with tailor-made, temporally varying polarizations, which are themselves chiral. [17] The scientists identified a shortlist, a kind of "periodic table" of the most designable knot types, i.e. those knots that could easily self-assemble under appropriate physical and chemical conditions. [16] Scientists have now observed for the first time how diamonds grow from seed at an atomic level, and discovered just how big the seeds need to be to kick the crystal growing process into overdrive. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Physics of Biology

[234] viXra:1911.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 11:58:07

Catalan's Constant and pi :Integrals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito, Rodrigo Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

Double integrals
Category: General Mathematics

[233] viXra:1911.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 12:00:10

Numbers: Part 6, Three Integrals .

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito, Rodrigo Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

We give three definite integrals
Category: General Mathematics

[232] viXra:1911.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 12:00:22

The Essential Papakonstantinidis/protocol

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik
Comments: 3 Pages.

Natural Language Protocol of Presentation
Category: Social Science

[231] viXra:1911.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 12:45:12

On Various Ramanujan Equations: Mathematical Connections with Some Cosmological Parameters and Some Sectors of Particle Physics, in Particular the Masses of the Two Pion Mesons.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 123 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed various Ramanujan equations and described the new possible mathematical connections with some cosmological parameters and some sectors of Particle physics, in particular the masses of the two Pion mesons.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[230] viXra:1911.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 14:26:32

On the New Mathematical Connections Between Some Ramanujan Equations and Some Formulas Concerning Various Sectors of String Theory and Particle Physics

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 113 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed various Ramanujan equations and described the new possible mathematical connections with some sectors of string theory and Particle Physics
Category: Mathematical Physics

[229] viXra:1911.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 15:07:54

Diffusion Gravity: An Alternative to Dark Matter

Authors: DH Fulton
Comments: 13 Pages. Fourth paper in series on Diffusion Gravity

Diffusion Gravity is a theory based upon established physical principles including Newtonian mechanics, quantum mechanics, and the Principle of Least Action. Radial flows of virtual particles from all masses due to mass diffusion is proposed as the fundamental cause of gravity, along with the corresponding quantum mechanisms underlying the macroscopic phenomenon. The Poisson equation for gravity and the corresponding “sink” or depletion zone is presented as the attraction mechanism for gravity; this current research installment applies the equation to large scale gravitational equipotential point-surfaces in galactic star orbits, where the acceleration according to Newton-Kepler should fall to a0<10-10 m/sec2, but observationally does not. By steradial geometry and the Gaussian transform of volume virtual particle flows to equipotential surface fluxes, the diffusion gravity model demonstrates how a gravitational “locking” and “equipotential-locking” at galactic scale affects centripetal acceleration and velocity rotation curves of galaxies, without invoking dark matter.
Category: Quantum Physics

[228] viXra:1911.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 22:50:11

Exploring [ Spring Tools 4 for Eclipse/JamVM/ Prolog Development Tool - PDT ] in the Context of Prolog/Palladio Studio/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Systems & Environments - A Simple Understanding of JamVM [ Java Virtual Machine ]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Exploring [ Spring Tools 4 for Eclipse/JamVM/ Prolog Development Tool - PDT ] in the Context of Prolog/Palladio Studio/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Systems & Environments - A Simple Understanding of JamVM [ Java Virtual Machine ]interaction With Spring Boot Framework.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[227] viXra:1911.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 23:51:00

Refutation of Bunch Theory with Derivations

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate bunch theory in ten equations which are not tautologous. This refutes the conjecture of bunch theory along with its derivations of: improper bunch theory; wholistic functions; fixed point theory; and formal grammars. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[226] viXra:1911.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 01:16:00

Antimatter and Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Thinking that they might be, scientists from the international BASE collaboration, led by Stefan Ulmer of the RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research, and collaborators have performed the first laboratory experiments to determine whether a slightly different way in which matter and antimatter interact with dark matter might be a key to solving both mysteries. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[225] viXra:1911.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 06:51:46

Numbers Do Not Exist

Authors: Averky Glebov
Comments: 1 Page.

In this paper we discuss how numbers, are just not real, and do not exist in the world.
Category: General Mathematics

[224] viXra:1911.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 10:34:46

The Shape of the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Therefore, the most interesting result of our paper is not that the universe appears to be curved rather than flat, but the fact that it may force us to rearrange the pieces of the cosmic puzzle in a completely different way. [32] Now physicists at MIT, Kenyon College, and elsewhere have simulated in detail an intermediary phase of the early universe that may have bridged cosmic inflation with the Big Bang. [31] At the Japanese Research Center for Particle Physics KEK, the new particle accelerator experiment Belle II started operation after eight years of construction. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[223] viXra:1911.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 11:40:36

L'évolution Des Espèces en Question

Authors: Vialla Stéphane
Comments: 4 Pages. français

Dans cet article je reviens sur les trois mécanismes qui régissent l'évolution des espèces: l'environnement de Charles Darwin, l'épigénétique de Jean baptiste Lamarck et la génétique dont l'origine tient dans les travaux de G. Mendel. Je conclus avec une proposition d'un mécanisme génétique propre supplémentaire intervenant dans l'évolution des espèces.
Category: Physics of Biology

[222] viXra:1911.0239 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-16 07:38:49

Solution to the New Paradox of Special Relativity

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 3 Pages.

Albert Einstein said against Quantum Physics: "God does not play dice''. Einstein has never accepted the Quantum Physics. So, there can be contradiction between the Theory of Relativity and Quantum Physics. That mean, that one or more of these two theories are incomplete. Just like the Gödel incompleteness theorem says, that formal arithmetic is incomplete.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[221] viXra:1911.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 12:27:00

Capture Objects with Ghost Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

Researchers have developed a way to capture moving objects with the unconventional imaging method known as ghost imaging. [47] The key to ghost imaging is to use two or more correlated beams of particles. [46] Physicists at the University of Alberta in Canada have developed a new way to build quantum memories, a method for storing delicate quantum information encoded into pulses of light. [45] Now, an Australian research team has experimentally realised a crucial combination of these capabilities on a silicon chip, bringing the dream of a universal quantum computer closer to reality. [44] A theoretical concept to realize quantum information processing has been developed by Professor Guido Burkard and his team of physicists at the University of Konstanz. [43] As the number of hacks and security breaches rapidly climbs, scientists say there may be a way to make a truly unhackable network by using the laws of quantum physics. [42] This world-first nanophotonic device, just unveiled in Nature Communications, encodes more data and processes it much faster than conventional fiber optics by using a special form of 'twisted' light. [41] Purdue University researchers created a new technique that would increase the secret bit rate 100-fold, to over 35 million photons per second. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39] Research in the quantum optics lab of Prof. Barak Dayan in the Weizmann Institute of Science may be bringing the development of such computers one step closer by providing the "quantum gates" that are required for communication within and between such quantum computers. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[220] viXra:1911.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 13:18:58

Human Cytomegalovirus is the Cause of Essential Hypertension

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 26 Pages. (C) Ilija Barukčić, 2019, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved.

Objective: To our knowledge, no study has provided strict evidence of a clear relationship between a human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection and human essential hypertension (EH). Methods: To examine the possible role of HCMV in the etiology of EH, a literature searched through the electronic database PubMed was performed. Data were accurately assessed and re-analyzed by new statistical methods. Results: The meta-analysis results of this study provide evidence that HCMV infection and essential hypertension are connected. Conclusions: Without HCMV infection no EH. Keywords: Human cytomegalovirus, essential hypertension, causal relationship.
Category: Statistics

[219] viXra:1911.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 14:02:48

A Technical Report on 'The Inconsistency of Arithmetic' -- The Discussion

Authors: David Streit, Christoph Benzmüller, Ralf Wüsthofen
Comments: 35 Pages.

This document presents the discussion with two experts in automated theorem proving in the course of drawing up their technical report http://viXra.org/abs/1910.0115 on the paper 'The Inconsistency of Arithmetic' (http://vixra.org/abs/1904.0428). Main issue of the discussion is the wrong countermodel given in the report that is based on an incorrect application of predicate logic.
Category: Number Theory

[218] viXra:1911.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 15:41:29

New Small Cheap Rocket for Small Payload

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 10 Pages.

Conventional modern rocket has existed for more than a half century. However, there has been little or no significant progress in their basic data. They are very exceedingly complex and generally very expensive to build. Designers ordinarily try to improve them by simplifying in order to reduce the cost payload launches. They try to use the first stagy of rocket sometimes, because the rocket engine and body are expensive. But no significant success. The author offers a new type of rocket which does not have the usual rocket body and engine (only open solid rocket fuel). This new rocket is cheap to fabricate, may be switched on and switched off many times and has specific impulse more than conventional solid fuel engine (i.e., close to liquid fuel). One can be used for launch as well as vector correcting rocket. This method is particularly suitable for micro-spacecraft (up to 1 kg). It allows to reduce the launch weight of the rocket to 50 ÷ 1000 kg.
Category: Classical Physics

[217] viXra:1911.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 16:43:54

Lorentz Length Contraction Analysis (SR Discussions) (Part III)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 15 Pages.

Lorentz Length Contraction Is A Real Phenomenon Done For Particle Own Length And Cause To Be Contracted. Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[216] viXra:1911.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 17:21:28

Refutation of Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction by Zero Calculus

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the conjecture of the following equations: (a×0)≠0 ; (a×0)<a; and (a−0)<a<(a+0). None is tautologous, and the first two are contradictory. This refutes the conjectures to form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: General Mathematics

[215] viXra:1911.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 18:28:28

Electrostatic Gunnon

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 5 Pages.

The author proposes a new type of gun, in which the projectile is accelerated by an electrostatic field. It shows that a strong electrostatic field (high voltage pulse) can accelerate a small charge (shell) to huge speeds (up to 1000 km/s). If this micro-projectile (10-4 grams) consists of thermonuclear fuel, its explosion will destroy the target. This idea can be used to create thermonuclear engines and missiles, for conventional long-range artillery.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[214] viXra:1911.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 01:57:55

Multiplication by Zero Calculus, Addition by Zero Calculus, and Subtraction by Zero Calculus

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 2 Pages.

In physics, there are many particles in a vacuum.\\ Perfect zero cannot exist.\\ 0 is not perfect zero.\\ 0 is almost zero.\\ Perfect zero is only a mathematical fantasy.\\ $a\times0\approx0$, but $a\times0\neq0$.\\ $a\times0\times0\times0\times0\times0<a\times0\times0\times0\times0<a\times0\times0\times0<a\times0\times0<a\times0<a$.\\ $a-0-0-0<a-0-0<a-0<a<a+0<a+0+0<a+0+0+0$.\\
Category: General Mathematics

[213] viXra:1911.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 07:14:31

Deep Learning Nuclear Waste

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

A research collaboration between Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Brown University, and NVIDIA has achieved exaflop performance on the Summit supercomputer with a deep learning application used to model subsurface flow in the study of nuclear waste remediation. [28] A team of scientists at Freie Universität Berlin has developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) method that provides a fundamentally new solution of the "sampling problem" in statistical physics. [27]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[212] viXra:1911.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 07:55:01

Ultrashort-Pulse Laser Oscillators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

With the demonstration of a sub-picosecond thin-disk laser oscillator delivering a record-high 350-watt average output power, physicists at ETH Zurich set a new benchmark and pave the path toward even more powerful lasers. [28] But in new experiments by physicists at MIT and elsewhere, the opposite happens: When a pattern called a charge density wave in a certain material is hit with a fast laser pulse, a whole new charge density wave is created-a highly ordered state, instead of the expected disorder. [27] Scientists from Universität Hamburg have united the two research fields and succeeded in observing the emergence of ions in ultracold atoms. [26] Researchers at the Kirchhoff Institute for Physics of Heidelberg University recently succeeded in verifying so-called non-local quantum correlations between ultracold clouds of rubidium atoms. [25] Four decades after it was predicted, scientist create a skyrmion, and take one step towards efficient nuclear fusion. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[211] viXra:1911.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 08:23:37

Neutron Scattering Techniques

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

An international team led by New Zealand food scientists at the Riddet Institute has used neutron scattering techniques to characterize the structure of an oil-in-water emulsion commonly used in foods, such as milk, cream, salad dressings and sauces. [14] Coupled with SNS, the world's most powerful pulsed accelerator-based neutron source, VENUS will be the only open research facility platform in the US to provide time-of-flight neutron imaging capabilities to users from academia and industry. [13] A spallation neutron source has been used by physicists in Japan to search for possible violations of the inverse square law of gravity. [12]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[210] viXra:1911.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 10:44:29

Sound Waves Target Drugs to Tumors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

But a new ultrasonic method proposed by biomedical engineers from Qifa Zhou's team at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles could enable acoustic control and real-time tracking of drug release within the body. [24] A Rutgers-led team has created better biosensor technology that may help lead to safe stem cell therapies for treating Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and other neurological disorders. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[209] viXra:1911.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 10:50:35

Hypercomplex Numbers of Dimension 11

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: timinva@yandex.ru, 3 pages in Russian

This work is devoted to the search, study and compilation of the multiplication table of a compound hyperbolic (Hypercomplex) number of dimension nine (11): q = {1, i1, i2, i3, …, i10, }: in2 = 1. On this basis, as a template, you can choose other multiplication tables with a different target or arbitrary arrangement of plus (+) and minus (-) characters in the cells of the multiplication table. The disadvantage of multiplication tables of dimension 11 is that they are neither associative nor commutative (not even anticommutative). But this is their fundamental property.. Эта работа посвящена поиску, изучению и составлению таблицы умножения составного гиперболического (гиперкомплексного) числа размерностью девять (11): q = {1, i1, i2, i3, …, i11, }: in2 = 1. На этой основе как на шаблоне можно подобрать другие таблицы умножения с другой целевой или произвольной расстановкой знаков "плюс" (+) и "минус" (-) в ячейках таблицы умножения. Ассоциативных и коммутативных таблиц умножения не имеется.
Category: Algebra

[208] viXra:1911.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 12:19:36

Invariance of the Speed of Light and Time Dilation

Authors: Giacomo Roccaforte
Comments: 16 Pages. This version is in Italian

In this chapter we highlight a situation in which the fact that the speed of light is constant in all reference systems would imply that even the flow of the time should be the same in all reference systems , a conclusion that is exactly and paradoxically opposed to the Theory Of Relativity At this point it would be a matter of choosing between two undisputed points: or the speed of light is constant for all the reference systems but in this case also the flow of time would be, and this is against the Theory Of Relativity. Or the flow of time is different in different reference systems, but the speed of the light would no longer be constant, and we know that this is against of the experimental data. At the end of the whole theory, we would arrive at a third possibility, in agreement with all the experimental data, and without a series of doubtful points of the Theory Of Relativity, such as the present and this one http://vixra.org/abs/1801.0229, listed and explained in the complete research already published at http://vixra.org/abs/1707.0297 . This chapter for the moment does not want to suggest a solution to a problem, but only highlights its existence.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[207] viXra:1911.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 12:53:29

Massive Photons in Magnetic Field

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

An international research collaboration from Poland, the UK and Russia has created a two-dimensional system-a thin optical cavity filled with liquid crystal-in which they trapped photons. [26] This novel technology could be used to produce molecular junctions in a scalable fashion-allowing millions of them to be manufactured in parallel. [25] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have successfully generated controlled electron pulses in the attosecond range. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[206] viXra:1911.0223 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-16 19:53:33

Формальное доказательство, что математика, на которой основывается Специальная Теория Относительности неверно истолкована (In Russian)

Authors: Szostek Roman
Comments: 36 Pages. This article presents formal proof that STR is a wrong theory (in Russian).

В статье представлено формальное доказательство того, что математика, на которойосновывается Специальная Теория Относительности (СТО), в настоящее время неверно истолкована. Доказательство опирается на анализ значения параметра e(v).Понимание значения этого параметра возможно благодаря анализу общей формы преобразования, для которого преобразование Лоренца является лишь частным случаем. Если e(v) ≠ 0, тогда часы в инерциальных системах отсчета рассинхронизированы. Величины, например, однонаправленной скорости при использовании таких часов не дают реальных значений.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[205] viXra:1911.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 13:28:39

Dark Baryonic and Dark Gravitational as Solution for D.M. in M33

Authors: M. Abarca
Comments: 25 Pages.

After the success of the DG theory explaining the data known for DM in M31 and Milky Way and published in [1] Abarca,M., it is right to check the same theory in M33, because DG theory aims to be a universal theory as it is based on a quantum gravitation effect. Taking as starting point the remarkable rotation curve of Corbelli,E , and applying DG theory it has been possible to show that DG matter in M33 cannot explain the total amount of DM needed to justify the rotation curve of M33. Therefore, it has been postulated that the extra amount of DM is dark baryon. Even such mass has been estimated roughly. Similarly, thanks a rotation curve of LMC got by Vasiliev,E. and applying DG theory has been demonstrated that in LMC there is a DM proportion at least four times bigger than such proportion in MW. Therefore in order to preserve the DG theory as universal based on a property of gravitational propagation, it has been postulated the existence of an important amount of dark baryonic. Consequently this conclusion arises an extraordinary test to check the DG theory. Currently, it has been published a method called nanolensing which might be applied to search a type of dark baryon called SULCOs (Sub Lunar Compact Object) in Milky Way and LMC. Possibly, it could be made measures of DB in the Milky Way and LMC in a close future. If measures backed the proportion of DB predicted by the theory then DG theory would be a real theory able to explain DG as a universal law. A second important result showed in the paper is related to the concept of Dark Gravitational mass, DG, because according the theory, the calculus of DG mass has to be extended up to the distance where is placed the interacting system. For example, when it is studied the interaction between M33 and M31, the distance to calculate the DG mass has to be 220 kpc, not only for DG mass of M33 but also for M31, whereas when it is studied the interaction between MW and M31 then both DG masses has to be calculated for a distance of 770 kpc. By DG theory has been found a lower bound for total masses of M33 and LMC. It has not been possible to calculate a more accurate value of masses for both galaxies because the rotation curve published are a bit short and even at the furthest radius of rotation curve, the proportion of baryonic matter versus DG mass is too high to be neglected. Consequently the parameter C, which is the initial condition of a Bernoulli differential equation, cannot be calculated properly. It would be suitable new measures of rotation curves of M33 especially for radius bigger than 23 kpc in order to calculate parameter C with more accuracy. It worth to highlight an interesting property of DG mass formula, which is that its value tends to a finite value, Mo, as variable X grows indefinitely. Physically is important that mass does not tend to infinite. However the NFW formula for mass tends to infinite as x grows, so it is only right inside a bounded halo dominion. Similarly it happens with Burkert DM mass, which is unbounded as x grows. Another important result got in this paper is a very good estimation of Local Group total mass. According [13]Fattahi & Navarro the dynamical mass at 3 Mpc in the Local Group gives a mass of 10^13 Msun. Calculus made with DG theory at such distance gives a total mass bigger than 7*10^12 Msun, when it is considered M31, M33, Milky Way and LMC, obviously when is added the total mass of the rest of dwarfs galaxies of Local Group the total mass will be even more close to the value estimated by Fattahi & Navarro. There is no doubt that this is a magnificent result for DG theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[204] viXra:1911.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 19:58:51

Deep Clustering for Mars Rover Image Datasets

Authors: Vikas Ramachandra
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, we build autoencoders to learn a latent space from unlabeled image datasets obtained from the Mars rover. Then, once the latent feature space has been learnt, we use k-means to cluster the data. We test the performance of the algorithm on a smaller labeled dataset, and report good accuracy and concordance with the ground truth labels. This is the first attempt to use deep learning based unsupervised algorithms to cluster Mars Rover images. This algorithm can be used to augment human annotations for such datasets (which are time consuming) and speed up the generation of ground truth labels for Mars Rover image data, and potentially other planetary and space images.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[203] viXra:1911.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 16:43:47

On the Srinivasa Ramanujan Manuscripts: Further and New Mathematical Developments Between Various Formulas, the Rogers-Ramanujan Continued Fractions, the Mock Theta Functions and Some Sectors of Cosmology and Theoretical Physics. III

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 131 Pages.

In this research thesis, concerning the Srinivasa Ramanujan Manuscripts, we have analyzed various formulas, the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fractions, the mock theta functions and some sectors of Cosmology and Theoretical Physics. We have obtained further new possible mathematical connections and developments
Category: Mathematical Physics

[202] viXra:1911.0219 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-14 17:59:07

Minimal Fractal Manifold as Foundation of Quantum Information Theory

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 7 Pages.

Derived from the mathematics of the Renormalization Group, the minimal fractal manifold (MFM) represents a spacetime continuum endowed with arbitrarily small deviations from four dimensions. The geometrical structure of the MFM can be conveniently formulated using the concept of dimensional quaternion, a vector-like entity built from component deviations along the four spacetime coordinates. Our analysis shows that dimensional quaternions form a natural basis for qubit systems and Quantum Information Theory.
Category: Quantum Physics

[201] viXra:1911.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 00:37:42

Exploring [ C/C++/Bio-C++ ] based Bio-informatics R&D Framework Using [ XNA- Xeno Nucleic Acids/ Machine Learning/Minsky Machines/Group Theory/Grobner Bases.]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ BioCPP Computational Libraries/dlibC++( Machine Learning-Library)/Group Theory/Grobner Bases ] interaction With C++ based Template Turing Machine w.r.t Minsky Machines in the Context of XNA Sequencing Mechanisms – A Simple Idea to Test Minsky Machines.We intend to explore Synthetic Biology Theoretically.Hence,this Short communication on Synthetic Biology R&D.To understand XNA related mechanisms like Sequencing we are also using/considering Minksy Machines for better Bio-informatics Applications.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[200] viXra:1911.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 01:18:49

Determining the Length Scale at Which the Force of Gravity is Strong Between Any Two Electrons

Authors: Balungi Francis
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this study we show that the gravitational force between any two electrons becomes strong when the distance between them is the Planck length and that this happens when the applied electric field used to accelerate one electron towards the other up to the Planck length where gravity becomes strong has a value of approximately 5.5269 ×10^60��/��. We also deduce the limiting lengths and electric field at which the electromagnetic and Casimir force becomes strong. This study has implications for physics beyond the standard model.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[199] viXra:1911.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 03:15:37

Ultrafast Laser Pulses Produces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

But in new experiments by physicists at MIT and elsewhere, the opposite happens: When a pattern called a charge density wave in a certain material is hit with a fast laser pulse, a whole new charge density wave is created—a highly ordered state, instead of the expected disorder. [27] Scientists from Universität Hamburg have united the two research fields and succeeded in observing the emergence of ions in ultracold atoms. [26] Researchers at the Kirchhoff Institute for Physics of Heidelberg University recently succeeded in verifying so-called non-local quantum correlations between ultracold clouds of rubidium atoms. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[198] viXra:1911.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 05:59:15

Refutation of Reduction of Provability Logics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate definitions for “Lob” and the “completeness principle” also the necessitation rule. None is tautologous. Hence reduction of provability logics is not confirmed. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[197] viXra:1911.0214 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-14 13:20:33

An Extension of the Dynamics of the Core of Baryons

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

Presented here an extension of the dynamics of the core of baryons reduces the initial 3 iterative numbers in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) to 2. Now SST starts from 7 parameters and 2 iterative numbers which are derived after formulation of the theory. We calculated mass of the central condensate which is responsible for the nuclear weak interactions, the coupling constant for such interactions, the binding energy of the torus/electric-charge and central condensate, and masses of charged and neutral core. We showed also how important are the axial symmetries in weak interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[196] viXra:1911.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 07:29:08

The Ferent Mechanism Gives the Electron Mass, not the Wrong Higgs Mechanism

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 455 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“The Ferent mechanism gives the electron Mass, not the wrong Higgs mechanism” Adrian Ferent “The photon confined inside the electron has mass” Adrian Ferent “The photon confined inside the electron has mass and electric charge” Adrian Ferent “The Dark electron gives mass to the electron” Adrian Ferent “Because the Ferent mechanism gives Mass to elementary particles, the Higgs mechanism is wrong and the Higgs boson is an unimportant particle” Adrian Ferent You learned from scientists, Nobel Laureates, your professors… that the Higgs boson is a special particle, ‘the God particle’, because it is the manifestation of the Higgs field, that gives mass to elementary particles like electrons, quarks…that cannot be broken into smaller parts. I discovered that: “The electron is not an elementary particle, because it is composed of a Photon and a Dark electron” Adrian Ferent Steven Weinberg and Abdus Salam included the wrong Higgs mechanism into modern particle physics and is an essential part of the Standard Model. I discovered that: “The Standard Model is wrong because the electron is not an elementary particle, and it does not include Dark Matter particles” Adrian Ferent 2013 Nobel Prize in physics was a fraud because: François Englert and Peter Higgs did not discover a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles! “The reaction of the Swedish Academy to Higgs boson discovery appears to be a result of being beguiled by CERN’s attempts to justify the billions of dollars of public money being spent.“ The same thing with LIGO, one billion of dollars of public money being spent and zero results! Another fraud was the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics, awarded for a project, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO), not for a scientific discovery; they did not detect anything. In Ferent Quantum Gravity, LIGO is a fraud. Since they received the Nobel Prize they did not detect gravitational waves, because: “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent “Einstein did not understand Gravitation, he calculated Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational waves are carried by gravitons” Adrian Ferent The mass generation mechanism is a theory that describes the origin of mass. The mass generation mechanism is one of the most burning problem of the modern particle physics. The problem is complex because the primary role of mass is to mediate gravitational interaction between bodies. “Ferent Quantum Gravity explains how mass mediates gravitational interaction between bodies, with Matter and Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent The Higgs mechanism doesn't explain the source of any masses, the Higgs mechanism is not a mechanism for generating mass. The Higgs boson does not give other particles mass; the Higgs boson is a quantized manifestation of a Higgs field that not generates mass through its interaction with other particles. Particles drag through the Higgs field by exchanging virtual Higgs particles with it. How scientists explain how elementary particles get their masses, with syrup and honey: Except for massless photons and gluons, "all elementary particles get their masses from their interactions with the [Higgs] field, kind of like being 'slowed down' by passing through a thick syrup" “The Higgs field is likened to a rich and creamy soup, or maybe a dense and heavy fog, or even a vat of thick and goopy honey… impeding the free travel of carefree electrons and quarks.” “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent That is why: “The electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent “The Ferent mechanism: the interaction energy of gravitons emitted by Dark Matter gives mass to the elementary particles” Adrian Ferent “Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about elementary particles is wrong; because you learned about elementary particles without Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity the mass generation mechanism is caused by an internal field the Gravitational field; in Higgs mechanism, there is an external field, the Higgs field.” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity is right, because were only few Higgs boson detected, with very short life, that is why the Higgs field is not like syrup or honey and that is why the Higgs mechanism is wrong” Adrian Ferent “Physics is much more complicated than you learned it, with Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Because the Ferent mechanism gives Mass to elementary particles, the Higgs mechanism is wrong and the Higgs boson is an unimportant particle” Adrian Ferent “I explained Particle physics with Dark Matter from Ferent Quantum Gravity” Adrian Ferent “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron” Adrian Ferent “Between the Ferent time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s and the Planck time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created the Dark Matter electrons” Adrian Ferent “When the photons were created, the photons with the energy 0.5 MeV and the Dark Matter electrons created the electrons” Adrian Ferent “I calculated the charge created by the photon with f = 10^20 Hz inside the electron Q = 1.6 × 10^(-19) C, the electron charge” Adrian Ferent “The Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for elementary particle, made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Unification between Matter and Dark Matter!” Adrian Ferent “The electron equation:” Adrian Ferent Where Ψ is the wave function of the electron. “I discovered what the electron is, because I discovered what Dark Matter is” Adrian Ferent “The photon confined inside the electron has mass” Adrian Ferent “The photon confined inside the electron has mass and electric charge” Adrian Ferent “The Dark electron gives mass to the electron” Adrian Ferent “The Ferent mechanism gives the electron Mass, not the wrong Higgs mechanism” Adrian Ferent 272. I am the first who discovered that the Ferent mechanism gives the electron Mass, not the wrong Higgs mechanism 273. I am the first who discovered that the photon confined inside the electron has mass 274. I am the first who discovered that the photon confined inside the electron has mass and electric charge 275. I am the first who discovered that the Ferent mechanism gives Mass to elementary particles and the Higgs mechanism is wrong and the Higgs boson is an unimportant particle 276. I am the first who discovered that the Dark electron gives mass to the electron
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[195] viXra:1911.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 13:23:32

Формальная теория жизнедеятельности психики человека

Authors: Кондратенко Виктория Александровна
Comments: 19 Pages.

Множество исследований в области искусственного интеллекта не могут быть завершены, или проведены вообще, из-за отсутствия на текущий момент корректной теории функционирования человеческого мозга, связанного с его интеллектуальной деятельностью, хотя бы на концептуальном уровне. Нет пока комплексных предложений исследователей, на каких принципах должны основываться модели элементарных и структурированных смыслов, обрабатываемых мозгом в процессе жизнедеятельности человека, не говоря уже о формальных языках и их грамматиках, или, тем более, о формальных теориях, предназначенных для этих целей. Цель статьи заключается в восполнении отмеченного только что пробела в научных знаниях о человеческом мозге.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[194] viXra:1911.0209 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-13 01:16:29

Dynamics of the Core of Baryons

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

In 2017, scientists from Osaka University measured unexpected gamma-ray energy spectrum of the lithium reaction with the 246-MeV protons. Here, using the dynamics of the core of baryons described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we showed that the two absorption lines follow from such dynamics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[193] viXra:1911.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 14:09:39

Refutation of the Aafrempong Conjecture

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the AAFrempong conjecture, named by the author after the name of the author, which states in any triangle, the sum of the lengths of any two sides is greater than the length of the third side, is not tautologous. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Number Theory

[192] viXra:1911.0207 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-17 10:07:45

Analysis of Natural Lightning Phenomena and Method for Laboratory Study

Authors: Stoyan Sarg Sargoytchev
Comments: 12 Pages. Reported at International conference on Nanotechnology and Materials Science, 2019, Rome, Italy

On Earth, the lightning frequency is approximately 44 times per second, or nearly 1.4 billion flashes per year. The average lightning duration is a few hundred milliseconds made up from a number of shorter strokes. Lightning is a transient process producing very high frequency pulses mostly in MHZ range. The analysis of lightnings using the BSM-SG models indicates that theoretically predicted and experimentally proved “Heterodyne Resonance Mechanism” (HRM) is involved in the transient process of lightning. The physics of HRM effect permits a new understanding on the energy of lightning. This article is focused mainly on lightnings between clouds and ground in which an avalanche process takes place. The enormous energy released during this process could not be only from the potential energy accumulated in clouds. A new technical method for a laboratory study of the lightning is proposed.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[191] viXra:1911.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 18:05:40

Finite-Time Lyapunov Exponents in the Instantaneous Limit and Material Transport

Authors: Peter J. Nolan, Mattia Serra, Shane D. Ross
Comments: 43 Pages. Submitted for publication

Lagrangian techniques, such as the Finite-Time Lyapunov Exponent (FTLE) and hyperbolic Lagrangian coherent structures, have become popular tools for analyzing unsteady fluid flows. These techniques identify regions where particles transported by a flow will converge to and diverge from over a finite-time interval, even in a divergence-free flow. Lagrangian analyses, however, are time consuming and computationally expensive, hence unsuitable for quickly assessing short-term material transport. A recently developed method called OECSs rigorously connected Eulerian quantities to short-term Lagrangian transport. This Eulerian method is faster and less expensive to compute than its Lagrangian counterparts, and needs only a single snapshot of a velocity field. Along the same line, here we define the instantaneous Lyapunov Exponent (iLE), the instantaneous counterpart of the finite-time Lyapunov exponent (FTLE), and connect the Taylor series expansion of the right Cauchy-Green deformation tensor to the infinitesimal integration time limit of the FTLE. We illustrate our results on geophysical fluid flows from numerical models as well as analytical flows, and demonstrate the efficacy of attracting and repelling instantaneous Lyapunov exponent structures in predicting short-term material transport.
Category: General Mathematics

[190] viXra:1911.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 19:04:20

Lorentz Length Contraction Analysis (SR Discussions) (Part II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis Human Realization process Is The Universe Reference Point
Category: Astrophysics

[189] viXra:1911.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 20:09:57

Refutation of H-Inductive Sentences and Positive Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate h-universal sentences which are not tautologous. This refutes h-inductive sentences and positive logic. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[188] viXra:1911.0203 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-22 02:44:16

Yes, P = NP = NP-Complete = NP-hard, says the NP-hard Traveling Salesman Problem

Authors: A. A. Frempong
Comments: 38 Pages. Copyright © by A. A. Frempong

The solution of the traveling salesman problem (TSP) in this paper makes this problem no longer an NP-hard problem, but rather, a P problem. The TSP was solved in polynomial time and its solution was also correctly checked in polynomial time. Also solved were an NP-Complete TSP, and six other NP-Complete problems. The TSP solution killed two (three) birds with one stone, because its solution made the NP-hard problems and NP-Complete problems become P problems. The shortest route as well as the longest route for the salesman to visit each of nine cities once and return to the base city was determined. In finding the shortest route, the first step was to arrange the data of the problem in increasing order, since one's interest is in the shortest distances; but in finding the longest route, the first step was to arrange the data of the problem in decreasing order, since one's interest is in the longest distances. For the shortest route, the main principle is that the shortest route is the sum of the shortest distances such that the salesman visits each city once and returns to the starting city; but for the longest route, the main principle is that the longest route is the sum of the longest distances such that the salesman visits each city once and returns to the starting city. Since ten cities are involved, ten distances would be needed for the salesman to visit each of nine cities once and return to the starting city. One started the construction of the shortest route using only the shortest ten distances; and if a needed distance was not among the set of the shortest ten distances, one would consider distances longer than those in the set of the shortest ten distances. For the longest route, the construction began using only the longest ten distances; and if a needed distance was not among the set of the longest ten distances, one would consider distances shorter than those in the set of the longest ten distances. It was found out that even though, the length of the shortest or the longest route is unique, the sequence of the cities involved is not unique. The approach used in this paper can be applied in work-force project management and hiring, as well as in a country's work-force needs and immigration quota determination. Since approaches that solve the TSP and NP-Complete problems can also solve other NP problems, and the TSP and NP-Complete problems have been solved, all NP problems can be solved. If all NP problems can be solved, then all NP problems are P problems, and therefore, P is equal to NP. The CMI Millennium Prize requirements have been satisfied.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[187] viXra:1911.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 09:36:29

Unified Theory W-En..1

Authors: Vladimir Pastushenko
Comments: 1 Page. Unified theory w-EN..1

Unified theory w-EN..1
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[186] viXra:1911.0201 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 16:55:20

Prime Triplet Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Prime Triplet and Twin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Prime Triplet are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Prime Triplet are generated only at (6n -1)(6n+1). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Prime Triplet are 35/12 times of the 3th power distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Prime Triplet is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Prime Triplet continue to be generated. If Prime Triplet is finite, the Primes is finite. The probability of Prime Triplet 35/12 times of the 3th power probability of appearance of the Prime. This is contradictory. Because there are an infinite of Primes. That is, Prime Triplet exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[185] viXra:1911.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 03:17:24

Our Quantized Universe is a Spherical White Hole in the Shape of a Ball

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 14 Pages, 6 Figures

Astronomers have found that galaxies in our universe move with acceleration in towards the periphery of the universe, creating the appearance that the universe is expanding. In fact, we are seeing an accelerated recession of galaxies. The paradox is that according to Newton, motion with acceleration is possible only under the influence of external force, gravitation and antigravitation. There are no other explanations for this paradox. Galaxies do not have engines to create an external force. Gravity is contrary to the effect of expansion. It remains only to consider the effect of antigravitation that explains the movement of galaxies with acceleration (recession of galaxies). I have explained the antigravitation in 1996 when I discovered superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) - the global energy field in the form of a quantized space-time consisting of quantons. Antigravitation is created as a result of deformation (Einstein's curvature) of quantized space-time in the form of a gradient of the quantum density of the medium and the energy gradient of the SEI. For this, the space-time of our universe must be deformed and curved, it must not be flat. The deformation vector of the quantum density of the medium should be directed to the periphery of the universe providing accelerated movement of galaxies. Antigravitation is realized by the gravitational field of a white hole with minus-mass (negative mass). Our quantized universe is a spherical white hole in the shape of a ball. This fact was established by me and published in 1996 [1] and then published a second time in the theory of Superunification in 2010 [2].
Category: Quantum Physics

[184] viXra:1911.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 07:24:18

Spin Atomic Transport

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

This regime is difficult to study otherwise, but is of considerable fundamental and practical interest, not least for applications in spintronic devices and to explore fundamental phases of matter. [31] Scientists find surprising way to affect information storage properties in metal alloy. [30] A new method allows the quantum state of atomic "qubits"—the basic unit of information in quantum computers—to be measured with twenty times less error than was previously possible, without losing any atoms. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[183] viXra:1911.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 07:34:34

Analyzing Some Parts of Ramanujan’s Manuscripts: Mathematical Connections Between Several Ramanujan’s Equations, the Rogers-Ramanujan Continued Fractions and Some Sectors of Cosmology and Theoretical Physics. II

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 172 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed some parts of Ramanujan’s Manuscripts and obtained new mathematical connections between several Ramanujan’s equations, the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fractions and some sectors of Cosmology and Theoretical Physics
Category: Number Theory

[182] viXra:1911.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 07:46:12

DNA Signaling Pathways

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

When cells suffer DNA damage, they send out an SOS signal. When the repair crew arrives, the emergency signal is cancelled as it is no longer needed. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[181] viXra:1911.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 08:03:52

DNA Genetic Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Biology encodes information in DNA and RNA, which are complex molecules finely tuned to their functions. [22] When cells suffer DNA damage, they send out an SOS signal. When the repair crew arrives, the emergency signal is cancelled as it is no longer needed. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[180] viXra:1911.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 08:19:50

Understanding Antibiotic Synthesis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Researchers at McGill University's Faculty of Medicine have made important strides in understanding the functioning of enzymes that play an integral role in the production of antibiotics and other therapeutics. [23] Biology encodes information in DNA and RNA, which are complex molecules finely tuned to their functions. [22] When cells suffer DNA damage, they send out an SOS signal. When the repair crew arrives, the emergency signal is cancelled as it is no longer needed. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[179] viXra:1911.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 09:43:35

Metamaterials Reprogram Themselves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Materials scientists aim to engineer intelligence into the fabric of materials or metamaterials for programmable functions. [15] Researchers at Aalto University have developed new metasurfaces for the arbitrary manipulation of reflected waves, essentially breaking the law to engineer the reflection of a surface at will. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12]
Category: Condensed Matter

[178] viXra:1911.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 10:06:30

CERN Cosmic-Ray Showers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Cosmic rays are particles from outer space, typically protons, travelling at almost the speed of light. When the most energetic of these particles strike the atmosphere of our planet, they interact with atomic nuclei in the atmosphere and produce cascades of secondary particles that shower down to the Earth's surface. [31] Europe's physics lab CERN on Tuesday said it was planning a new experiment to look for particles associated with dark matter which is believed to make up some 27 percent of the universe. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[177] viXra:1911.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 10:33:11

Magnetic Anisotropy of Electric Polarization

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Researchers at Kanazawa University controlled the magnetic properties of a metal layer through the electrical polarization of a neighboring metal oxide layer. [34] It is commonplace to be under pressure at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory— that is, if you happen to be a sample of material undergoing investigation by the lab's condensed matter physicists. [33] Associate Professor Justin Ye, head of the Device Physics of Complex Materials group at the University of Groningen, studied superconductivity in a double layer of molybdenum disulfide and discovered new superconducting states. [32]
Category: Condensed Matter

[176] viXra:1911.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 10:48:37

Biosensor for Stem Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

A Rutgers-led team has created better biosensor technology that may help lead to safe stem cell therapies for treating Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and other neurological disorders. [23] Biology encodes information in DNA and RNA, which are complex molecules finely tuned to their functions. [22] When cells suffer DNA damage, they send out an SOS signal. When the repair crew arrives, the emergency signal is cancelled as it is no longer needed. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[175] viXra:1911.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 10:56:10

Diagnostics into Your Hand

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Handheld electrochemical sensors are part of the daily routine for millions of people with diabetes around the globe who monitor their blood sugar levels with electric glucometers. [24] A Rutgers-led team has created better biosensor technology that may help lead to safe stem cell therapies for treating Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and other neurological disorders. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[174] viXra:1911.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-10 12:29:39

The Number 273.55488 Which aids Calculation of the Mass of the Neutron Also Yields Important Dates Etc.

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 2 Pages. I have held back this work because i didn't understand its significance until now

Abstract: Important dates are found from the dimensionless constant 273.55488 used to find the accurate mass of the neutron as well as a signal of the use of holography in the universe
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[173] viXra:1911.0186 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-26 08:28:27

Tutorial: Binary Star Masses from Newton's Laws

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 4 Pages.

Newton's Law of Gravitational Force together with his Second and Third Laws of Motion implies that the inverse of the ratio of the acceleration magnitudes of the two stars of a binary system equals their mass ratio, and that the difference of their accelerations is proportional to their mass sum as well as being inversely proportional to the square of their separation, which causes their vector separation to trace out an elliptical orbit. The period and major axis length of that elliptical orbit yield the two stars' mass sum. The complete orbit's data isn't needed; five or more of the points which lie on an ellipse determine it, and the orbit sweeps out the area enclosed by that ellipse at a constant rate.
Category: Astrophysics

[172] viXra:1911.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-10 20:56:18

Hopf Field Unification Plan

Authors: Jennifer Lorraine Nielsen
Comments: 1 Page.

Unification via the Hopf field and the Beltrami flux
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[171] viXra:1911.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-10 04:05:32

Without a Varicella Zoster Virus Infection, no Schizophrenia

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 17 pages. Copyright © 2018 by Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany. Published by:

Objective: Despite decades of research and major efforts, a cause or the cause of schizophrenia is still not identified. Although many studies indicate that infectious agents are related to schizophrenia no definite consensus has been reached on this issue. Methods: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationship between varicella zoster virus (VZS) and schizophrenia while relying on new statistical methods. Results: The meta-analysis results provide striking evidence that VZV is a necessary condition of schizophrenia. Conclusions: There is some weak evidence that VZV infection is the cause of schizophrenia. Keywords: Varicella zoster virus, schizophrenia, causal relationship.
Category: Statistics

[170] viXra:1911.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-10 10:39:24

Refutation of Tense Logic and Display to Labelled Proofs Back Again for Tense Logics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate tense logic (Kt) as an extension of K. The equation for A→□A is not tautologous, hence refuting Kt. What follows is that the conjecture of display to labelled proofs and back again for tense logic is not confirmed. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[169] viXra:1911.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 13:58:34

The Cosmological Redshift is Compatible with the Aether, But not with Special Relativity

Authors: Dino Bruniera
Comments: The file contains two versions of the paper: English, pages 1-3 and Italian, pages 4-6

The observations show that the apparent brightness of type Ia supernovae with high redshift, is about 25% lower than that expected. Which, according to the present paper, shows that the cosmological redshift cannot indicate the expansion of space. So since Special Relativity is compatible with the cosmological redshift only if it indicates the expansion of space, the demonstration that does not indicate it, proves that Special Relativity is not compatible with it. For the theories of the aether, on the other hand, the cosmological redshift may not indicate the expansion of space, therefore they are compatible with it.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[168] viXra:1911.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 16:00:44

Lorentz Length Contraction Analysis (SR Discussions)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 5 Pages.

Particle Nature (Definition) depends On Light Velocity 1- Particle Nature Absolute Meaning Special theory of relativity states that If a particle (with length L0) travels by speed of light (approximately), it will suffer from Lorentz length contraction and be seen with a contracted length (L1) So – the question is - "What's happened For The Particle Own Nature?" The theory states "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"! We have 2 directions to choose from: (1st) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature doesn't change and the contracted length is seen by us as a wrong vision (as mirage) but the particle length itself has no real change Or (2nd) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature changes with this motion – and by such way – the particle nature should be created relative to speed of light! I choose the 2nd choice- Why? Because – the 1st choice tells us that – The particle own nature is defined clearly when no difference in motions velocities between me and this particle – that means – I'm The Universe Reference Point – and this is similar to a person looks at a mirror Specifically for the previous reason we should refuse the assumption that "Particle Own Nature doesn't Change" or the statement "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"…. In fact ….Particle length is changed already Let's consider this point with some deep analysis in following: We deal here with the assumption "Particle length doesn’t change and the contracted length is only an imaginary vision" How do we measure the particle length in static case (before any motion)? and how do we measure the moving particle length? Where we use The Same Methods in both cases – practically and logically – we have to consider both results are equal in power – no result is better than the other because both are produced by the same methods of measurements.. Although I consider that –Particle in static should be considered as a special case because it moves by my velocity – means – instead to choose any other velocity the particle chooses to move by my velocity which makes it specific case for particle different motions cases So the analysis tells us that – the particle different velocities motions is the general case and static situation (relative to me) is a special one Spite of that SR states "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"! I mean – if the theory means – the proper length will stay with particle during its motion – that means – the special case is used here as a general one – and depending on it all other parameters are created Conclusion (1) Particle own length is contracted by high velocity (light velocity approximately) Because I'm not "The Universe Reference Point" I refuse the statement "The Proper Length L0 Never Change" (2) Light Velocity should be a player in Human Realization Process Gerges Francis Tawdrous +201022532292
Category: Astrophysics

[167] viXra:1911.0180 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 06:50:44

Prime Sextuplet Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Prime Sextuplet and Twin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Prime Sextuplet are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Prime Sextuplet are generated only at (6n -1)(6n+5). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Prime Sextuplet are 48/3 times of the sixth power distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Prime Quintuplet is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Prime Sextuplet continue to be generated. If Prime Sextuplet is finite, the Primes is finite. The probability of Prime Sextuplet 48/3 times of the sixth power probability of appearance of the Prime. This is contradictory. Because there are an infinite of Primes. That is, Prime Sextuplet exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[166] viXra:1911.0179 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 18:54:39

Prime Quintuplet Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 5 Pages.

Prime Quintuplet and Twin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Prime Quintuplet are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Prime Quintuplet are generated only at (6n -1)(6n+5). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Prime Quintuplet are 96/3 times of the 5th power distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Prime Quintuplet is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Prime Quintuplet continue to be generated. If Prime Quintuplet is finite, the Primes is finite. The probability of Prime Quintuplet 96/3 times of the 5th power probability of appearance of the Prime. This is contradictory. Because there are an infinite of Primes. That is, Prime Quintuplet exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[165] viXra:1911.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 01:22:55

Unified Theory

Authors: Pastushenko Vladimir
Comments: 6 Pages. Unified theory

Unified theory
Category: Astrophysics

[164] viXra:1911.0177 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 17:13:24

Sexy Primes Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Sexy Primes Conjecture were prooved. Sexy Primes and Twin Primes and Cousin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Primes are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Sexy Primes are generated only at (6n+1)(6n -1). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Sexy Primes are 8/3 times the square of the distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Sexy Primes is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Sexy Primes continue to be generated. If Sexy Primes is finite, the Primes is finite. Because, Sexy Primes are 8/3 times the square of the distribution of primes. This is contradictory. Since there are an infinite of Primes. That is, Sexy Primes exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[163] viXra:1911.0176 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-29 09:03:19

Energy Analysis of a Null Electromagnetic Wave

Authors: ‪Moshe Segal‬‏
Comments: 24 Pages.

This article summarizes a research based on a thinking exercise relating to electric charges, electromagnetic traveling waves and energy, which results in surprising, new and important insights into the nature of electric charges, electromagnetic traveling waves, photons, and energy. This thinking exercise started with the attempt to provide an answer to the following question: is it possible to detect a Null electromagnetic traveling wave, which is a wave that does not contain any electric or magnetic fields? Analysis of the above question shows that any answer to that question provides surprising and important new insights. The article provides a description of how to implement such a Null electromagnetic wave, and it also provides a description of how to carry on a lab experiment which might provide answers to the above question. As already mentioned above, any answer to the above question results in providing surprising and new insights to issues such as: Energies embedded in electric charges, electric or magnetic fields and photon, can, in certain circumstances, seem as annihilating each other, but actually exist together as latent potential Energy Pairs that only disable each other from operation, which only seemingly, or apparently, looks as annihilating each other. In addition to their detectable energy, photons might contain latent potential energy pairs that are undetectable. The Dark Energy might be embedded in consolidating electromagnetic waves which consolidate and continue to travel in the same direction. The Energy Pairs theory mentioned above provides an explanation to the charge disappearance mystery in electron positron collisions. The charges of the electron positron pair created when a photon passes near a heavy atom might be created from a latent energy pair embedded in the photon. Electric Charges are a form of energy as Mass is recognized being a form of energy. Complete Emptiness might contain Energy Pairs that disable each other, which only seem to be a state that does not contain any energy.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[162] viXra:1911.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 03:41:48

Interference at the Nanoscale

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

It also provides new theoretical frameworks and models for working with sophisticated electron microscopes, like the facilities present at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A collaboration between the lab of Judy Cha, the Carol and Douglas Melamed Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science, and IBM's Watson Research Center could help make a potentially revolutionary technology more viable for manufacturing. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[161] viXra:1911.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 04:11:04

On the Construction of a Regular Heptagon by Straightedge and Compass

Authors: Henry Wong
Comments: 1 Page.

An addendum to field theory.
Category: Algebra

[160] viXra:1911.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:09:01

Energy Density of a Vacuum Observed by Background Radiation

Authors: Filip Kozarski
Comments: Four pages, no figures. Known physics, new results.

In the paper zero-point energy density of free photons is estimated for an empty space surrounded by — and observed by — a bath of thermal background photons. Interpreting the results, the outline of the cosmological arrow of time is suggested.
Category: Quantum Physics

[159] viXra:1911.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 04:40:07

Photosynthesis by X-Ray Pules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

In a new study, led by Petra Fromme and Nadia Zatsepin at the Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery, the School of Molecular Sciences and the Department of Physics at ASU, researchers investigated the structure of Photosystem I (PSI) with ultrashort X-ray pulses at the European X-ray Free Electron Laser (EuXFEL), located in Hamburg, Germany. [14] Researchers have discovered a new role for protein vibrations in controlling the transformation of sunshine into useful energy. [13] University Professor of Applied Physics Stephen Arnold and his team at the New York University Tandon School of Engineering have made a discovery that could lead to Star Trek-like biosensor devices capable of flagging the barest presence in blood of a specific virus or antibody, or protein marker for a specific cancer; or sniffing out airborne chemical warfare agents while they are still far below toxic levels. [12]
Category: Physics of Biology

[158] viXra:1911.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:00:50

Quantum Internet Future

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

This proposal represents a new step towards quantum information networks, since it sets a solid theoretical framework on what is physically possible in the field of automated classification and distribution of quantum information. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[157] viXra:1911.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:20:34

Deep Learning Convert Images

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25] Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[156] viXra:1911.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:29:41

Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

Quantum mechanics and the general theory of relativity form the bedrock of the current understanding of physics—yet the two theories don't seem to work together. [48] A ground-breaking study conducted by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has revealed a method of using quantum mechanical wave theories to "lock" heat into a fixed position. [47] Researchers at the University of Konstanz have recently carried out a study exploring the quantum states of light and vacuum fluctuations, as well as their interplay with time. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[155] viXra:1911.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 07:06:25

Physics Mathematical Approximations

Authors: Harry A Watson
Comments: 4 Pages.

There are many ad hoc expressions for the mass ratio of the proton to the electron. the models presented here are different from others in that they rely strictly on volumes and areas. One geometry is based on ellipsoids constructed with values taken from one of the two number sets: {(4pi), (4pi-1/pi), (4pi-2/pi)} or {(4pi+2), (4pi-2), (4pi-2/pi)}. The product of the three values of each number set approximates the value given by CODATA for the mass ratio of the proton to the electron. Another approximate is formed from a solid ball of radius, r = (4pi-1/pi), with a conical sector, wedge, or internal ellipsoid removed. Each extracted solid has curved surface area of (4pi-1/pi)/(pi^2). With the advent of the Higg’s Boson, its value can be approximated by H^0 = (4pi)(4pi-1/pi)(4pi-2/pi)(4pi-3/pi)(4pi-4/pi). Define the function F as follows: Let the initial set be the positive integers, the final set be the real numbers, and the rule assigning each member of the initial set to one member of the final set: F(m) =(4pi)...(4pi-(m-1)/pi). Conclusion: The function F(2)=1836.15... approximates the experimental value of the mass ratio of the proton to the electron and F(4) approximates the mass ratio of the Higg's Boson to the electron. The neutron-to-electron ratio is approximated with ln(4pi)+F(2). Email: harry.watson@att.net
Category: Mathematical Physics

[154] viXra:1911.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 07:33:40

Imaging Limits by Information Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Narimanov has gone a step further in abstracting the imaging process by only considering information transfer, independently of how that information is encoded. [26] A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25] Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[153] viXra:1911.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 07:42:23

Speed of Light Mathematics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

AMOLF researchers and their collaborators from the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC/CUNY) in New York have created a nanostructured surface capable of performing on-the-fly mathematical operations on an input image. [27] Narimanov has gone a step further in abstracting the imaging process by only considering information transfer, independently of how that information is encoded. [26] A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[152] viXra:1911.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 07:57:50

Frequency Combs Shape Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Today, optical frequency combs (OFCs) are routinely employed in applications as diverse as time and frequency metrology, spectroscopy, telecommunications, and fundamental physics. [28] AMOLF researchers and their collaborators from the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC/CUNY) in New York have created a nanostructured surface capable of performing on-the-fly mathematical operations on an input image. [27] Narimanov has gone a step further in abstracting the imaging process by only considering information transfer, independently of how that information is encoded. [26] A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[151] viXra:1911.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 08:46:50

Benefits and Harms of Relativism for Fundamental Science

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 6 Pages, 1 Figure

This article was published by me in English 2000 in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Space” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 36-41. In this article, I drew attention to the controversial issue of the contradictions of relativism at that time. Then many physicists believed that the action of relativism is possible only in an absolutely empty vacuum of space. This was contrary to my concept of quantized space-time consisting of quantons. I had to unite relativity and the concept of quantized space-time. I came to the conclusion that the principle of relativity is a fundamental property of quantized space-time. I found that every object of the universe from an elementary particle to cosmological objects obeys the principle of spherical invariance and it behaves as an independent center a relatively of quantized space-time, being its part. This idea was set forth in detail by me in my monograph: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs.
Category: Quantum Physics

[150] viXra:1911.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 09:17:56

Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Space (Eqs)

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 41 Pages, 17 Figures

I have read these four reports at the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia. My reports were published as a separate brochure "Four reports on the theory of elastic quantized space (EQS)" in the conference proceedings. In this publication I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs.
Category: Quantum Physics

[149] viXra:1911.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 10:07:59

Forecasting the Effect of Heat Stress Index and Climate Change on Cloud Data Center Energy Consumption

Authors: Vikas Ramachandra
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, we estimate the effect of heat stress index (a measure which takes into account rising temperatures as well as humidity) on data center energy consumption. We use forecasting models to predict future energy use by data centers, taking into account rising temperature scenarios. We compare those estimates with baseline forecasted energy consumption (without heat stress index or rising temperature correction) and present the result that there is a sizeable and significant difference in the two forecasts. We show that rising temperatures will cause a negative impact on data center energy consumption, increasing it by about 8 percent, and conclude that data center energy consumption analyses and forecasts must include the effects of heat stress index and rising temperatures and other climate change related effects.
Category: Climate Research

[148] viXra:1911.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 10:23:05

Thorium Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A group of scientists led by Artem Oganov of Skoltech and the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and Ivan Troyan of the Institute of Crystallography of RAS has succeeded in synthesizing thorium decahydride (ThH10), a new superconducting material with the very high critical temperature of 161 kelvins. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed a method to accurately measure the "exact edge" or onset at which a magnetic field enters a superconducting material. [19]
Category: Condensed Matter

[147] viXra:1911.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 10:30:02

Massive Black Holes Mergers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. along with one in India and one in Hungary has created simulations that could explain how larger than expected black holes could form near supermassive black holes at the center of galaxies. [31] These results, important for the construction of new theoretical models and for the development of new hypotheses about the nature of dark matter, offer much more precise indications for tracing the intricate path to understanding one of the largest mysteries of the cosmos. [30]
Category: Astrophysics

[146] viXra:1911.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 11:40:52

“AI” Physics – Atomic Structure – Part 2.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 21 Pages.

In the first paper on Atomic Structure, Artificial Intelligence (AI) was used to explore the structure of the atom by analyzing the results of established experiments on ionization energies and spectral emissions. In this paper, the findings of AI Physics - Energy Fields are used to further analyze the nature of sub-atomic particles. Analysis of radio-isotope decay leads to proposals on the structure of the atom, and Energy Field theory leads to alternative explanations for the structure of the nucleus, the nature of the crystal lattice, and the nature of molecular structure.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[145] viXra:1911.0158 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-11 10:26:07

Space is Open But Time is Closed-Topologically

Authors: Kaushal Timilsina
Comments: 5 Pages. I have no basis for saying whether these things are correct. I just try to explore creative ideas.

The main idea in String theory is that particles are not points but a self-evolving (vibrating) quantum of fields. From this idea, we explore how this means that particles can feel their own fields and what that might mean topologically. We also see that the central idea in any theory of quantum gravity should perhaps be that the quantum of fields is not static but rather dynamic.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[144] viXra:1911.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 12:44:42

Solving the Container Shipment Problem with the Focus on Special Goods (Dangerous and Fragile) Using Genetic Algorithms

Authors: Walter Zimmer, Carsten Mueller
Comments: 8 Pages.

An optimum usage of the shipping space is calculated using genetic algorithms. The objective of the optimization is the maximization of loaded container of type dangerous and the minimization of the unused shipping space. The minimization of the unused shipping space has to be preferred against the maximization of the loaded container of type dangerous. Statistical evalutations were done and the usage of various parameters was analysed.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[143] viXra:1911.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 14:10:21

Nonconvex Stochastic Nested Optimization via Stochastic ADMM

Authors: Zhongruo Wang
Comments: 28 Pages.

We consider the stochastic nested composition optimization problem where the objective is a composition of two expected-value functions. We proposed the stochastic ADMM to solve this complicated objective. In order to find an $\epsilon$ stationary point where the expected norm of the subgradient of corresponding augmented Lagrangian is smaller than $\epsilon$, the total sample complexity of our method is $\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{-3})$ for the online case and $\cO \Bigl((2N_1 + N_2) + (2N_1 + N_2)^{1/2}\epsilon^{-2}\Bigr)$ for the finite sum case. The computational complexity is consistent with proximal version proposed in \cite{zhang2019multi}, but our algorithm can solve more general problem when the proximal mapping of the penalty is not easy to compute.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[142] viXra:1911.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 14:45:07

Relativism as a Special Case of Newton's Classical Mechanics

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 11 Pages, 2 Figures

This article was published by me in English 2000 in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Medium.” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 14-23. In this article I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs. In the theory of Superunification, I have unified relativism and classical mechanics as unique properties of quantized space-time.
Category: Quantum Physics

[141] viXra:1911.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 14:52:55

How does Measurement Affect the Real Result?

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The real mass of the W boson is 80.423 GeV but we explain why experiments should give 80.388 GeV - this result is consistent with the PDG experimental value 80.379(12) GeV. We also answered the question of how measurements change the real masses of particles.
Category: Quantum Physics

[140] viXra:1911.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 15:31:04

Spherical Invariance in the Development of Absolute Cosmological Model

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 12 Pages, 6 Figures

This article was published by me in English 2000 in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Medium.” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 24-35. In this article I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs. In the end, I came to the conclusion that the principle of relativity is a fundamental property of quantized space-time. I found that every object of the universe from an elementary particle to cosmological objects obeys the principle of spherical invariance and it behaves as an independent center a relatively of quantized space-time, being its part.
Category: Quantum Physics

[139] viXra:1911.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 18:41:08

Quantum Entanglement and Application

Authors: Zibo Wang
Comments: 5 Pages.

Quantum entanglement, a phenomenon occurring when states of pairs or groups of particles cannot be described independently, is one of the most ‘spooky action’ but truly exists. In this paper, entangled states and few of its application is introduced.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[138] viXra:1911.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 18:42:52

Quantum Game Theory

Authors: Zibo Wang
Comments: 10 Pages.

Game theory has wide implementation on many fields of study. With more recent development in quantum computation and quantum information, we are able to study games with rule of quantum mechanics. This paper consists two part: in first part, basic knowledge of game theory is briefly recalled, and prisoner’s dilemma is introduced; in second part, how quantum version game is differ from classical is discussed, and an analysis quantum version of prisoner’s dilemma is presented.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[137] viXra:1911.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 23:52:06

Quanglebit and Hopf Fiber Fields - Two Projects in Progress

Authors: Jennifer Lorraine Nielsen
Comments: 1 Page.

A description of two related proposed projects in mathematical quantum physics are presented, each involving the Hopf fibration, one providing steps towards defining a unit measure of quantum information, a quanglebit, and the other towards redefining the fields [EM and QFT] and Schrodinger equation on the Hopf fiber bundle.
Category: Quantum Physics

[136] viXra:1911.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 01:01:16

Report on Visit of Architects Sitka and Kaserer in Saalfelden, and Social Center Pillertal in Fieberbrunn Near St. Johann, in Tyrol, Austria, We. 13 Mar. 2019

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer
Comments: 6 Pages. 15 figures (mostly photos).

Part I. At the architect’s office Sitka and Kaserer, describes a meeting with Mr. A. Planegger, the architect of the Social Center Pillerseetal in Fieberbrunn, which is constructed with prefabricated modern cross laminated timber (CLT) modules, sustainable, cost efficient, and highly energy efficient. Part II: Visit of the Social Center Pillerseetal, describes a tour through the Social Center, guided by Director of Care Mr. Herbert Breitmayer. The biggest discovery is the unbelievable success of consequently putting Dr. Maria Riedl's "Integrative Care Concept" into practice.
Category: Social Science

[135] viXra:1911.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 04:45:16

Universe, Multiverse and TIME.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 14 Pages. Reality of our existence in time.

The concept of time in multiverse.
Category: Classical Physics

[134] viXra:1911.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 07:31:00

Role of Superstrong Interaction in Synthesis of Elementary Particles

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 11 Pages, 8 Figures

This article was published by me in English in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Medium.” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 3-13. In this article I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs.
Category: Quantum Physics

[133] viXra:1911.0144 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 16:58:49

Prime Quadruplet Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Prime Quadruplet and Twin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Prime Quadruplet are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Prime Quadruplet are generated only at (6n -1)(6n+5). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Prime Quadruplet are 16/3 of the fourth power distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Prime Quadruplet is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Cousin Primes continue to be generated. If Prime Quadruplet is finite, the Primes is finite. The probability of Prime Quadruplet 16/3 of the fourth power probability of appearance of the Prime. This is contradictory. Because there are an infinite of Primes. That is, Prime Quadruplet exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[132] viXra:1911.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 07:37:42

Nanophotonic Synchrotron-Like Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Vacuum fluctuations just a few nanometres from the surface of a material can cause a passing beam of relativistic electrons to emit X-rays and other high-frequency electromagnetic radiation — according to calculations done by scientists in the US, Israel and Singapore. [31] A simple, passive photonic structure made only of glass and air bubbles could perform artificial neural computing for applications in areas like facial recognition. [30] Most artificial intelligence (AI) systems try to replicate biological mechanisms and behaviors observed in nature. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[131] viXra:1911.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 07:59:07

Machine Learning Light-Beam

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Nishimura said that the buzzwords "artificial intelligence" seem to have trended in and out of the research community for many years, though, "This time it finally seems to be something real." [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26] Scientists from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a way to use machine learning to dramatically accelerate the design of microbes that produce biofuel. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[130] viXra:1911.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 08:44:37

Floating Atoms Measure Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

A team of researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, has found a new way to measure gravity—by noting differences in atoms in a supposition state, suspended in the air by lasers. [20] An international group of astronomers, including physicists at the University of St Andrews, has revived a previously debunked theory of gravity, arguing that motions within dwarf galaxies would be slower if close to a massive galaxy. [19] While last year's discovery of gravitational waves from colliding neutron stars was earth-shaking, it won't add extra dimensions to our understanding of the universe—not literal ones, at least. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[129] viXra:1911.0140 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-11 17:03:06

Mass Spectrum for Leptons and Quarks

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I hypothesize that the mass spectrum of the standard model is infinite, and I try to evaluate a simple formula for the masses.
Category: Classical Physics

[128] viXra:1911.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 09:33:49

Monte Carlo based Algorithm for Scoring Grid Systems

Authors: Syed Haseeb Shah
Comments: 3 Pages.

We evaluate Monte Carlo based algorithm for scoring grid systems. The former were used to describe features of the area under study. This was done to select suitable features for City Information Modelling. These algorithms measures path of shortest distance. However, shortest distance does not always ensures shortest time. The algorithm works by pairing multiple iterations of two random numbers in a polygon. The mean of shortest path between these points is calculated. Thus grid systems with shorter paths will return a lower value as compared to grid systems with longer paths. This was applied to GIS systems in urban planning to rate the feasibility of different grid systems. It is a heuristic algorithm that tells us to about the nature of grid system. Instead of measuring the geometry of every path in a grid it eases the workflow of an urban planner by automation.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[127] viXra:1911.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 09:32:49

Causality in Quantum Field Theory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 96 Pages.

Two researchers at the University of Massachusetts and Universidade Federal Rural in Rio de Janeiro have recently carried out a study discussing and synthesizing some of the key aspects of causality in quantum field theory. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55]
Category: Quantum Physics

[126] viXra:1911.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 13:26:36

50 Most Important Papers in MHCE8S Theory

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 2 Pages. I am not sure who evaluated my work but I have a strong idea who it must have been

Abstract: 50 of my short publications as of september 4, 2019 were found to be of 4 levels of importance : ( I note that 50 is a magic number of physics)
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[125] viXra:1911.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 15:06:59

The Higgs field and the Grid Dimensions

Authors: Eran Sinbar
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Higgs boson (or Higgs particle), that was confirmed on 2012 in the ATLAS detector at CERN is supposed to be a quantum excitation of the condensate field which fills our universe and is responsible for the mass of elementary particles and is named the Higgs field. In this paper I will explain why this Higgs field is part of new dimensions which I refer to as the Grid extra dimensions (or grid dimensions). This paper will explain what are the expected measurements regarding the Higgs boson (particle) based on this assumption. In this paper I will show what will be the future measured evidence that the Higgs particle measured at the particle accelerators is a quantum excitation of the Grid dimensions themselves. This exciting evidence will enable us for the first time to probe new dimensions and open our perspectives to accept the option of extra dimensions and many worlds staggered within our known universe. This understanding might enable future communication through these dimensions between the staggered worlds themselves. Modern Physics has two leading theories that contradict each other: (1) The Einstein’s deterministic, local “smooth” General Relativity theory for the large scale with the relativistic behavior and the limitation on the speed of light in all the inertial reference frames. (2) Quantum theory with the quantized characteristics, non-local Schrodinger wave equations with its probabilistic behavior and the collapse of the wave function or the many worlds interpretation of Hugh Everett. The Heisenberg uncertainty principle which is dependent on the Planck constant, the photonic energy which is dependent on Planck constant, the chaotic behavior of physics below the Planck length and Planck time, the non-local behavior of entanglement, the delayed choice quantum eraser, the Bekenstein – Hawking black hole entropy calculation and the Einstein special relativity limitation on the speed of light in all the inertial frames of reference, lead me to look for a new disruptive structure of the space-time fabric. One option is to quantize space into three dimensional “space cells” in the size of Planck length l_P in each dimension and to quantize time into time pulses (Planck time).Our understanding of time is dependent on the number of Planck pulses that we count and for each Planck pulse, a physical step in the length of Planck length can occur with a probability between zero to one. A massless photon has a probability of one to pass one Planck length for each pulse of Planck time and that is the limitation of the velocity in each frame of reference and it is defined as the speed of light. An elementary particle which has mass has a probability lower than one to pass one Planck length for each pulse of Planck time. The exciting question is what divides our fabric of space-time to these space cells and time pulses, and my assumption is that there are extra non local space time dimensions stretched like a four dimensional greed between the space cells and the time pulses. Another way to imagine the space feature of the grid dimensions is by imagining a three dimensional extra non local space in which our known three dimensional space cells are floating ,vibrating, moving, turning, flipping or rotating like ice cubes(space cells) in water (grid extra dimensions) . The probability to move from one space cell to the next for each Planck pulse of time is correlated to the mass of the elementary particle, where a photon with zero mass has a probability of one. Based on that I assume that the Higgs field is part of the extra grid dimensions. This paper will show a way to test this thesis.
Category: Quantum Physics

[124] viXra:1911.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 15:13:30

Hidden Energy of a Particle (Body). Energy Balance

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

The energy of a particle (body) inside a quantized space-time has a hidden energy. When the speed of the particle is increased, the increase of the dynamic energy of the particle takes place as a result of the decrease of its hidden component, ensuring the balance of energy. As a result, the energy of a particle (body) is the energy turning into the real energy from its hidden form inside the quantized space-time. The hidden form of energy explains to us the reasons for the growth of energy when there is an increase in the speed of a particle (body). The source of energy of a particle (body) is the spherical deformation of quantized space-time which provides us with the equivalence of mass and energy. Mass has its birth from the quantized space-time. Mass is a bunch of energy of a spherically deformed quantized space-time. Mass is the energy of spherical deformation of the quantum density of the medium inside the quantized space-time. This fact was established and mathematically described by me in the theory of Superunification [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[123] viXra:1911.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 15:39:37

Artificial Intelligence and the General Publics View of Empathy in Machines.

Authors: S G Woodard
Comments: 6 Pages.

There &re m&ny commonly held justific&tions &g&inst the prolifer&tion &rtifici&l intelligence. One of the most common brought forth by the gener&l public is th&t m&ny in th&t m&ny feel &rtifici&l intelligence would not qu&lify &s hum&n or would l&ck hum&nity. The definition used by m&ny is not the biologic&l definition but inste&d & philosophic&l definition b&sed on & mix of hum&n or &bove hum&n intelligence &nd emp&thy. These definitions c&n be both erroneous &nd unproductive.
Category: Social Science

[122] viXra:1911.0132 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-11 08:03:34

Dutch Governor Van Heemstra of Suriname: Humanitarian or Imperialist?

Authors: Dutch Governor van Heemstra of Suriname: humanitarian or imperialist?
Comments: 6 pages, in English

The grave impact hundreds of years Dutch colonialism and slavery had on the socioeconomic situation and health of the Surinamese is not reflected in Steensma and colleagu's Stamp vignette on medical science; Mayo Clin Proc. 2019;94:e111-e112., about the Dutch colonial governor of Suriname, A. van Heemstra.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[121] viXra:1911.0131 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-08 03:37:01

The Conceptual Fallacy at the Heart of Big Bang Cosmology

Authors: Anton Biermans
Comments: 101 Pages.

If when there would only be a single electrically charged particle in the universe, it cannot express its charge in interactions, it cannot be charged itself, then charge –any property, for that matter– must be something which lives within particle interactions. If we cannot escape the conclusion that particles, particle properties must be as much the cause as the effect of their interactions, then their communication –the exchange of energy, information– must be instantaneous: not over any space distance but over any spacetime distance –which is something else entirely. Similarly, if by definition there’s nothing outside the universe, not even space nor time, nothing relative to which it can be said to exist, interact with to express its properties, then it cannot have particular properties, be in some particular state as a whole, nor can it be said to have a beginning, a definite age. To say that it does comes down to saying that there is something outside of it relative to which it exists, interacts with, to which it owes its properties: that it has been created by some outside intervention. If, as in big bang cosmology, we conceive of the universe as an ordinary object which has particular properties and at any time is in some particular state as a whole as seen from within, then it also has such properties and is in such state as ‘seen’ from without –quote marks on seen as there is no space nor time outside of it for an observer to be in and look, as if over God’s shoulders, at His creation from the outside. As the universe only can be in some particular state as a whole if it is the same time, if time passes at the same pace everywhere, big bang cosmology states that universe lives in a time continuum not of its own making, that time passes even outside of it. If conservation laws insist that what comes out of nothing must add to nothing –like the sum of all debts and credits on Earth is and remains zero– so the universe cannot have particular properties, be in any particular state as a whole as ‘seen’ from the outside, then it also cannot have such properties, be in any particular state as a whole as seen from within. As the universe has no external reality but only exists as seen from within so doesn’t live in a time realm not of its own making but contains, produces all time inside of it, clocks cannot be observed to run at the same pace at all distances even when at rest relative to the observer. While big bang cosmology assumes that there is a universe-wide ‘now’ all objects and observers live in so we can speak about the past, present and future of the universe; as a selfcreating universe has no external reality but only exists as seen from within, here past, present and future are relative, local notions. If the energy of particles is cause and effect of their interactions, then its transmission must be instant over any spacetime distance –agreeing with relativity theory according to which from the point of view of the photon, its transmission is instantaneous. If entanglement experiments showing that the communication between particles is instant aren’t understood as they seem to violate the law which says that nothing goes faster than light, then that is because big bang cosmology has mislead us into believing that we live in a universe where it is the same time, where time passes at the same pace everywhere –as a result of which we came to conceive of light as something which moves through space, in time, the universe growing older as it travels. As there is no universe-wide now in a selfcreating and the communication between particles is instant over any spacetime distance, here the speed of light, while obviously a limit to the velocity objects can move at, doesn’t so much refer to the motion of light but rather to a property of spacetime. This study shows that if there is one thing which completely blocks the progress of physics –the unification of forces, of general relativity with quantum mechanics or why quantum mechanics works– then is the embarrassing naïve, medievally outdated hodgepodge of far-fetched ad hoc assumptions, absurdities and contradictions called big bang cosmology, which has nothing to do with science but everything with religion.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[120] viXra:1911.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 00:55:27

Exploring IoT/Smart Devices based Multi-disciplinary Informatics Research Using Minsky Machines & Machine Learning With C++.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Exploring IoT/Smart Devices based Multi-disciplinary Informatics Research Using Minsky Machines & Machine Learning With C++.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[119] viXra:1911.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 01:39:07

Smaller Proton Radius

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 86 Pages.

Using the first new method in half a century for measuring the size of the proton via electron scattering, the PRad collaboration has produced a new value for the proton's radius in an experiment conducted at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. [47] Ten years ago, just about any nuclear physicist could tell you the approximate size of the proton. But that changed in 2010, when atomic physicists unveiled a new method that promised a more precise measurement. [46] "Spin has surprises. Everybody thought it's simple … and it turns out it's much more complicated," Aschenauer says. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission-and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP)-the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[118] viXra:1911.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 02:38:29

Robust Quaternion Estimation with Geometric Algebra

Authors: Mauricio Cele Lopez Belon
Comments: 11 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

Robust methods for finding the best rotation aligning two sets of corresponding vectors are formulated in the linear algebra framework, using tools like the SVD for polar decomposition or QR for finding eigenvectors. Those are well established numerical algorithms which on the other hand are iterative and computationally expensive. Recently, closed form solutions has been proposed in the quaternion’s framework, those methods are fast but they have singularities i.e., they completely fail on certain input data. In this paper we propose a robust attitude estimator based on a formulation of the problem in Geometric Algebra. We find the optimal eigen-quaternion in closed form with high accuracy and with competitive performance respect to the fastest methods reported in literature.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[117] viXra:1911.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 05:12:24

Hidden Mass of a Particle (Body). Mass Balance

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

The mass of a particle (body) inside a quantized space-time has a hidden mass and a hidden energy. When the speed of the particle is increased, the increase of the dynamic mass of the particle takes place as a result of the decrease of its imaginary component, ensuring the balance of mass. As a result, the mass of a particle (body) is the mass turning into the real mass from its hidden form inside the quantized space-time. The hidden form of mass explains to us the reasons for the growth of mass when there is an increase in the speed of a particle (body). The source of mass of a particle (body) is the spherical deformation of quantized space-time. Mass has its birth from the quantized space-time. This fact was established and mathematically described by me in the theory of Superunification [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[116] viXra:1911.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 05:27:56

Treatment to Stroke Patients

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Swarms of nanoparticles which are 15,000 times smaller than a pinhead may be able to deliver vital drugs to the brain, offering new hope to patients in the early stages of a stroke. [42] An international team of researchers has used nanoparticles to deliver a drug—one that previously failed in clinical trials for pain—into specific compartments of nerve cells, dramatically increasing its ability to treat pain in mice and rats. [41] MIT engineers have shown that they can enhance the performance of drug-delivery nanoparticles by controlling a trait of chemical structures known as chirality—the "handedness" of the structure. [40]
Category: Physics of Biology

[115] viXra:1911.0123 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-20 22:38:37

S is not V times T

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

The symbol "t" in formulas is not always constant, I will use the distance formula (s=vt) as an example. Physicists/mathematicians/etc don't realize that the distance formula (s=vt) is incorrect, the distance (s) is not the speed (v) times time (t). That formula contains an unnoticed error and that error has devastating consequences for certain formulas/theories/conclusions, the symbol "t" must not be seen as time.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[114] viXra:1911.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 08:06:18

Theory with a Finite Mass Gap

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Here we present how neutrinos acquire their masses and how internal structure of the neutrinos leads to the volumetric quantum confinement described within the Neutrino Quantum Gravity (NQG). Such confinement is responsible for mass of the condensates/scalars that are made of the Einstein-spacetime components (they are the neutrino-antineutrino pairs). Mean distance between such pairs in the two-component spacetime is slightly larger than the range of NQG.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[113] viXra:1911.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 08:24:33

The Absolute Smallest Possible Money Unit! When Money Crashes into the Laws of Physics

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, we demonstrate that there is an absolute physical limit on how small the smallest money unit can be, no matter how much we are able to improve our technology. The smallest money unit seems to be directly linked to the smallest possible energy unit needed to store one bit. If the smallest money unit is smaller than the cost of energy of storing one bit then there seems to be an arbitrage, which will also constrain money producers such as central banks from issuing money with a smaller denomination than this minimum money unit. Keywords: Money units, money creation, arbitrage, information theory, Launder limit, the Planck constant.
Category: Economics and Finance

[112] viXra:1911.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 09:28:16

Психика человека в образе формальной модели диалектической логики управления её жизнеобеспечивающими функциями

Authors: Кондратенко Виктория Александровна
Comments: 9 Pages. на русском языке

Концептуальные знания о жизнедеятельности каждой исследуемой функциональной системы человека должны предшествовать описанию сущности логики управления ею. Психика человека является одной из важнейших функциональных систем его организма. В статье представлены основополагающие концепты жизнедеятельности этой системы, которые позволят выявить сущность диалектической логики управления еѐ жизнеобеспечивающими функциями. Однако и акцентированию внимания естествоиспытателей-биологов на отсутствие необходимых знаний в области диалектической логики управления функциональной системой психики человека также уделено особое внимание, так как страдает процесс формализации знаний в области теоретической медицины, касающихся жизнедеятельности функциональной системы психики человека. Именно этим специалистам, как никому лучше, видно, какие знания и каким путѐм могут быть получены за минимальное время. Освещению этих проблем и посвящена статья.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[111] viXra:1911.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 10:28:44

The Exact Mass of Tau Lepton

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The predicted within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) the exact mass of the tau lepton is 1776.833 MeV. It is consistent with experimental result: 1776.86 +- 0.12 MeV. We claim that higher accuracy of measurement should give a result with the central value closer to the SST value.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[110] viXra:1911.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 12:19:15

Analyzing Some Parts of Ramanujan’s Manuscripts. Mathematical Connections Between Several Ramanujan’s Equations, the Rogers-Ramanujan Continued Fractions and the Dilaton Value.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 117 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have analyzed some parts of Ramanujan’s Manuscripts and obtained new mathematical connections between several Ramanujan’s equations, the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fractions and the Dilaton value.
Category: Number Theory

[109] viXra:1911.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 18:56:03

General Order Differentials and Division by Zero Calculus

Authors: Saburou Saitoh
Comments: 9 Pages. In this paper, we will give several examples that in the general order $n$ differentials of functions we find the division by zero and by applying the division by zero calculus, we can find the good formulas for $n=0$. This viewpoint is new and curious at

In this paper, we will give several examples that in the general order $n$ differentials of functions we find the division by zero and by applying the division by zero calculus, we can find the good formulas for $n=0$. This viewpoint is new and curious at this moment for some general situation. Therefore, as prototype examples, we would like to discuss this property. Why division by zero for zero order representations for some general differential order representations of functions does happen?
Category: Functions and Analysis

[108] viXra:1911.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 21:30:41

Changing Consciousness Epistemically (Chance): an Empirical Method to Convert the Subjective Content of Consciousness Into Scientific Data

Authors: Daisuke Tanaka
Comments: 11 Pages.

The content of consciousness (cC) constitutes an essential part of human life and is at the very heart of the hard problem of consciousness. The cC of a person (e.g., study participant) has been examined indirectly by evaluating the person’s behavioral reports, bodily signs, or neural signals. However, the measures do not reflect the full spectrum of the person’s cC. In this paper, we define a method, called “CHANging Consciousness Epistemically” (CHANCE), to consciously experience a cC that would be identical to that experienced by another person, and thus directly know the entire spectrum of the other’s cC. In addition, the ontologically subjective knowledge about a person’s cC may be considered epistemically objective and scientific data. The CHANCE method comprises two empirical steps: (1) identifying the minimally sufficient, content-specific neural correlates of consciousness (mscNCC) and (2) reproducing a specific mscNCC in different brains.
Category: Mind Science

[107] viXra:1911.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 22:29:11

The Balance of Gravitational Potentials

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

The gravitational state of a particle (body) is characterized by four parameters of the gravitational potentials of the medium inside the quantized space-time. We have: the gravitational potential of undeformed quantized space-time; the gravitational action potential of deformed quantized space-time outside of the particle (body); the gravitational potential of deformed quantized space-time inside a particle (body); the Newton potential of the quantized space-time. This is a fundamentally new method of gravitational analysis based on the quantum theory of gravity. The balance of the gravitational potentials of the gravitational field of a particle (body) inside the deformed quantized space-time is a constant. [1-8].
Category: Quantum Physics

[106] viXra:1911.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 01:12:05

Light Weight Online Signature Verification Framework by Compound Feature Selection and Few-shot Separable Convolution Based Deep Learning

Authors: Chandra Sekhar Vorugunti
Comments: 9 Pages. Submitted to WACV

Online Signature Verification (OSV) is an extensively used biometric trait aims to verify genuineness of a test signature by computing unique features of the signature. The advancements in mobile and communication technologies resulted in usage of computationally sparse mobile devices in critical applications like m-commerce etc., demands for OSV frameworks which are able to classify the dynamic test signature with fewer number of training signature samples and lesser number of features. The recent advancements in Deep Learning (DL) technologies, resulted in exponential improvements of accuracy in traditional tasks like Object Detection, Scene Text Detection etc. The main disrupt in usage of DL based frameworks for OSV is the requirement of extensive number of training samples and larger number of parameters to learn. To overcome the above pitfalls, we propose a novel dimensionality reduction technique which reduces the dimensionality of a feature set from 100 to 3 in case of MCYT-100 and 47 to 3 in case of SVC, SUSIG datasets respectively. In addition to it, we propose a depth wise separable (DWS) convolution based OSV framework which enables one/few shot learning for test signature verification. To inspect the robustness of our proposed dimensionality reduction technique and DWS OSV framework, exhaustive experiments are conducted with three widely used datasets i.e. MCYT-100, SUSIG and SVC. We have attained state of the art EER in majority of experimentation categories compared to many recent and state-of-the art OSV models.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[105] viXra:1911.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 01:41:19

The Nature of the Φ(m) Function

Authors: Wei Zhang
Comments: 6 Pages.

In number theory, for the continuous product formula Π(1-2/p), the meaning is unclear.This paper gives the definition and nature of Φ(m) function, as well as the relationship between Φ(m) and Euler’s totient function φ(m). In number theory, Euler function φ(m) is widely used, Φ(m) function if there are other applications, Some attempts are made in this paper.
Category: Number Theory

[104] viXra:1911.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 02:28:49

Ultrafast Quantum Motion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

KAIST researchers have reported the detection of a picosecond electron motion in a silicon transistor. [30] In quantum physics, some of the most interesting effects are the result of interferences. [29] When Nebraska's Herman Batelaan and colleagues recently submitted a research paper that makes the case for the existence of a non-Newtonian, quantum force, the journal asked that they place "force" firmly within quotes. [28] Computing the dynamics of many interacting quantum particles accurately is a daunting task. There is however a promising calculation method for such systems: tensor networks, which are being researched in the theory division at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[103] viXra:1911.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 02:51:53

Accelerating Nano-Engineering

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Researchers from SMART, MIT's research enterprise in Singapore, have made a groundbreaking discovery that allows scientists to "look" at the surface density of dispersed nanoparticles. [31] KAIST researchers have reported the detection of a picosecond electron motion in a silicon transistor. [30] In quantum physics, some of the most interesting effects are the result of interferences. [29] When Nebraska's Herman Batelaan and colleagues recently submitted a research paper that makes the case for the existence of a non-Newtonian, quantum force, the journal asked that they place "force" firmly within quotes. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[102] viXra:1911.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 03:10:33

Suspended Layers Superconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Associate Professor Justin Ye, head of the Device Physics of Complex Materials group at the University of Groningen, studied superconductivity in a double layer of molybdenum disulfide and discovered new superconducting states. [32] Researchers from SMART, MIT's research enterprise in Singapore, have made a groundbreaking discovery that allows scientists to "look" at the surface density of dispersed nanoparticles. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[101] viXra:1911.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 03:35:10

Nanoparticle Drug Delivery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

MIT engineers have shown that they can enhance the performance of drug-delivery nanoparticles by controlling a trait of chemical structures known as chirality-the "handedness" of the structure. [40] The process, developed by Nagoya University researchers in Japan, could be upscaled for manufacturing purified batches of single-wall carbon nanotubes that can be used in high-performance electronic devices. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31]
Category: Physics of Biology

[100] viXra:1911.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 03:37:43

Grand Unified TheorieS

Authors: Wan-Chung Hu
Comments: 439 Pages.

This book contains theories in physics, chemistry, biology, geosciences, and mathematics. Spinity is a force to drag spacetime to rotate around central mass. Rest mass produces gravity, spinning mass produces spinity; rest charge produces electricity, spinning charge produces magnetism. Gravitospinity Maxwell equations can be obtained. Light is also the gravity wave, and light decides time. Space-time has smallest unit as new Planck volume and Planck time. Flight principle is given. Lightity is dark energy. Photon emitted from galaxy expands the universe acceleratedly via light pressure. General relativity suggests mass induces spacetime curvature; charge relativity suggests charge induces spacetime torsion. There is no dark matter, and spiral galaxies are formed due to charge relativity which replaces quantum electrodynamics. Integrating general relativity, charge relativity, and light pressure, we get 4x4 universe field tensor. The birth and end of universe can be deducted. Unified field theory can also be obtained by integrating electric field, magnetic field, gravity field, spinity field, and temperature field. Combining gravitospinity, electromagnetism, and matter standing wave, I deduct a determinative atom model replacing quantum mechanics. In addition, I propose a new chemical bond theory according to the new atom model. Homochirality is due to co-catalysis of L-amino acids and D-sugars. Extinction is due to Milankovitch cycle. Earthquake is caused by abrupt light release from inner earth which explains electromagnetism/ ionosphere anomaly and intra-tectonic earthquakes replacing plate tectonic earthquake theory. Tornado genesis is related to charge relativity.
Category: Classical Physics

[99] viXra:1911.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 04:06:44

Nanoparticle Pain Relief

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

An international team of researchers has used nanoparticles to deliver a drug-one that previously failed in clinical trials for pain-into specific compartments of nerve cells, dramatically increasing its ability to treat pain in mice and rats. [41] MIT engineers have shown that they can enhance the performance of drug-delivery nanoparticles by controlling a trait of chemical structures known as chirality-the "handedness" of the structure. [40] The process, developed by Nagoya University researchers in Japan, could be upscaled for manufacturing purified batches of single-wall carbon nanotubes that can be used in high-performance electronic devices. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[98] viXra:1911.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 04:24:25

On de Sitter Universe

Authors: Zlatan Stojanovic
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this letter I address the model which stems from the de Sitter space-time. We can consider empty de Sitter space-time as the Universe where space metrics i.e. expansion of space is a consequence of decrease of time elongation during evolution of Universe i.e. curved time. In de Sitter metric this is represented by the relation distance-time elongation and by the acceleration of expansion of space. New model explains that de Sitter cosmological time is proper time of the Universe. The cosmological time curvature interacts with photon's energy from distant galaxies like in classical gravitational redshift. Empty de Sitter represents inertial state of Universe. What this proposal contributes to de Sitter universe is variable cosmological constant i.e. parameter. Cosmological parameter is represented in the change of time curvature which we can correlate to the change of photons' energy of distant galaxies and CMBR in time. Keywords: de Sitter space-time, curved time, dark energy, de Sitter effect
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[97] viXra:1911.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 05:04:09

Cycle of Sevtsov

Authors: Sergey Sevtsov
Comments: 3 Pages.

A fundamentally new thermodynamic cycle of operation of an internal combustion engine with compression ignition is proposed.In a new two-stroke diesel fuel combustion occurs at a constant volume, as in a gasoline engine. Theoretically, the efficiency of the new engine is increased and there is no need for a particulate filter (due to the complete combustion of diesel fuel).
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[96] viXra:1911.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 07:42:24

Magnetic and Superconducting States

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

It is commonplace to be under pressure at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory— that is, if you happen to be a sample of material undergoing investigation by the lab's condensed matter physicists. [33] Associate Professor Justin Ye, head of the Device Physics of Complex Materials group at the University of Groningen, studied superconductivity in a double layer of molybdenum disulfide and discovered new superconducting states. [32] Researchers from SMART, MIT's research enterprise in Singapore, have made a groundbreaking discovery that allows scientists to "look" at the surface density of dispersed nanoparticles. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[95] viXra:1911.0100 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-14 07:51:24

Quaternionic Field Theory

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 44 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The correct specification of the concept of physical fields requires a platform in which these physical fields can be defined. This platform represents a base model that emerges from a Hilbert lattice, a vector space, and a number system. The number system must be an associative division ring. Dynamic fields require the selection of the quaternionic number system. Quaternionic fields are constructed eigenspaces of normal operators in a quaternionic Hilbert space. The base model supports symmetry-related fields and a field that always and everywhere exists. It acts as a repository for dynamic geometric data.
Category: Quantum Physics

[94] viXra:1911.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 08:46:06

Microscope Snapshots of Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

This camera is currently the fastest electron detector in the world, capturing atomic snapshots at 87,000 frames per second: about 50 times faster than the current state of the art. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[93] viXra:1911.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-13 06:49:10

Galilean Space and the Doppler Effect Галилеево пространство и эффект Доплера

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: 20 Pages. timinva@yandex.ru, p.20, russian

In Galilean space 3 (three) metrics describing its geometrical properties in various cases are possible. These are 1) 1-dimensional time interval, 2) 3-dimensional distance and 3) 4-dimensional wave interval. The main question of this work is: will we be able to determine some geometry by wave standards? Suppose there are two researchers (hereinafter-the objects "researcher", "observer", "experimenter" - identify: this is homo sapiens): can we measure the distance between them? Is it possible to measure the mutual velocity and its direction? And is it possible to synchronize his watch with mine? And what is clock synchronization? And in General – is there a synchronization problem? Are there inertial frames of reference outside absolute frames of reference? Is it possible to use wave standards of one ISO in other ISO and how do they differ? The word "Galileo"is often used in the work. This word is the main thing in this work. Galilean space, Galilean standard, Galilean metric. Other main word-combinations are connected with the word "wave" - wave in Galilean space, Galilean wave space, wave standard, wave metric. Etc. The practical physical model for the application (use) of these words and phrases is the fixed air medium in which the wave propagates, and where this "air" medium is located is the empty absolute Galilean space. In itself, this medium is not an absolute inertial frame of reference (hereinafter - AISO), but for propagating waves as independent entities it is a real AISO. A wave in a medium in Galilean space can propagate only with one specific velocity – the speed of sound. Once the waves are defined as entities, they can be viewed separately from its basis, forget about the existence of the material basis for its existence, leaving only the essential points of this fact. In this case, the wave as an independent object itself determines the AISO. Despite the possibility of independent groundless consideration of the existence of the wave, there is a risk of the existence of this basis. In addition to waves, non-wave objects can exist in it, the speed of movement of which is not limited to the speed of sound. The word "relativistic"is hardly used. This is the next level of abstraction of the independent existence of the wave. В ГП возможны 3 (три) метрики, описывающие ее геометрические свойства в различных случаях. Это 1) 1-мерный промежуток времени, 2) 3-мерное расстояние и 3) 4-мерный волно-вой интервал. Главный вопрос этой работы: сможем ли мы определить какую–то геометрию волновыми эталонами? Рассмотрены вопросы эффекта Доплера, аберрации и их использова-ние для локализации в АИСО (далее - АИСО) и взаимной локализации. Предположим, име-ются два исследователя (далее – объекты "исследователь", "наблюдатель", "экспериментатор" – отождествляем: это homo sapiens): можно ли измерить расстояние между ними? Можно ли измерить взаимную скорость и ее направление? И можно ли синхронизировать его часы с моими? И что такое синхронизация часов? И вообще – есть ли проблема синхронизации? Су-ществуют ли инерциальные системы отсчета вне абсолютных систем отсчета? Можно ли вол-новыми эталонами одной ИСО пользоваться в других ИСО и чем они отличаются? В работе очень часто используется слово "галилеево". Именно это слово – главное в этой работе. Галилеево пространство, галилеев эталон, галиллева метрика. Другие главные слово-сочетания связаны со словом "волна" - волна в галилеевом пространстве, галилеево волно-вое пространство, волновой эталон, волновая метрика. И т.д. Практической физической моделью для применения (использования) этих слов и словосо-четаний является неподвижная воздушная среда, в которой распространяется волна, а то, где находится эта "воздушная" среда, есть пустое абсолютное галилеево пространство. Само по себе эта среда не является абсолютной инерциальной системой отсчета, но для распростра-няющихся волн как самостоятельных сущностей это настоящее АИСО. Волна в среде в гали-леевом пространстве может распространяться только с одной определенной скоростью – ско-ростью звука. После того, как определены волны как сущности, их можно рассматривать от-дельно от ее основы, забыть о существовании материальной основы для ее существования, ос-тавив только существенные моменты этого факта. В этом случае волна как самостоятельный объект само определяет АИСО. Несмотря на возможность самостоятельного безосновного рассмотрения существования волны, есть риск существования этой основы. Кроме волн, в ней могут существовать и не волновые объекты, скорость движения кото-рых не ограничена скоростью звука. Практически не используется слово "релятивистское". Это – следующий уровень абстракции самостоятельного существования волны.
Category: Classical Physics

[92] viXra:1911.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 09:17:59

The Balance of the Quantum Density

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

The gravitational state of a particle (body) is characterized by four parameters of the quantum density of the medium inside the quantized space-time: p0, p1, p2, pn (1). Where 0 is quantum density of undeformed quantized space-time; p1 is quantum density of deformed quantized space-time outside of the particle (body); p2 is quantum density of deformed quantized space-time inside a particle (body); pn is imaginary quantum density of the quantized space-time. This is a fundamentally new method of gravitational analysis based on the quantum theory of gravity. The balance of the quantum density of the gravitational field of a particle (body) inside the quantized space-time is a constant: p0=p1+pn=Const [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[91] viXra:1911.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 09:47:27

Intelligence Metasurface Recognizer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

The Internet of Things (IoT) and cyber physical systems have opened up possibilities for smart cities and smart homes, and are changing the way for people to live. [38] This camera is currently the fastest electron detector in the world, capturing atomic snapshots at 87,000 frames per second: about 50 times faster than the current state of the art. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[90] viXra:1911.0095 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-04 14:22:27

Refutation of Incompletely Predictable Problems: Riemann Zeta and Eratosthenes Sieve

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the algorithm used for the sieve of Eratosthenes which is not tautologous, hence refuting the conjecture of incompletely predictable problems such as the Riemann zeta function. We also note that the mode of inference used throughout the source is induction. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Number Theory

[89] viXra:1911.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 14:21:38

Demostración de la Hipótesis de Riemann

Authors: Esp. Wilson Torres Ovejero
Comments: 4 Pages.

La hipotesis de Riemann que posee un sin número de aplixaciones a la física, la estadística y por supuesto, a la matemática.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[88] viXra:1911.0093 [pdf] replaced on 2019-12-03 14:31:49

Rigorous Proofs for Open Problems Riemann Hypothesis, Polignac's and Twin Prime Conjectures

Authors: John Yuk Ching Ting
Comments: 48 Pages. Rigorous proofs for Riemann hypothesis (and explaining the two types of Gram points) and Polignac's and Twin prime conjectures.

Mathematics for Incompletely Predictable Problems is associated with Incompletely Predictable problems containing Incompletely Predictable entities. Nontrivial zeros and two types of Gram points in Riemann zeta function (or its proxy Dirichlet eta function) together with prime and composite numbers from Sieve of Eratosthenes are Incompletely Predictable entities. Correct and complete mathematical arguments for first key step of converting this function into its continuous format version, and second key step of applying Information-Complexity conservation to this Sieve result in direct spin-offs from first step consisting of proving Riemann hypothesis (and explaining two types of Gram points), and second step consisting of proving Polignac's and Twin prime conjectures.
Category: Number Theory

[87] viXra:1911.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 15:30:58

The Balance of the Quantum Density of a Medium in Statics

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 1 Figures

The balance of the quantum density in dynamics is describing the state of a dynamic particle (body) in the entire range of speeds including the speed of light. The equations of dynamics are including the normalized relativistic factor. In the region of relativistic speeds, we observe a decrease in the quantum density of the medium around the particle (body) and the formation of a deeper gravitational well. Inside a particle (body) we observe an increase in the quantum density of the medium. Upon reaching the speed of light, the particle has the state of a black micro-hole. In this case, we will see that inside of the particle the quantum density doubles, and outside it there is a drop in the quantum density to zero [1-8].
Category: Quantum Physics

[86] viXra:1911.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 18:11:34

Planet Motion Depends on Light Motion

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis Planet motion depends on light motion A Proof I-Data (A) 17.4 degrees (inner planets orbital inclinations total) x 0.99 = 17.2 degrees (Pluto orbital inclination) (B) 23.6 degrees (outer planets orbital inclinations total) x 0.99 = 23.4 degrees (Earth Axial Tilt) (C) (180 degrees /π) x 0.99 = 28.3 degrees (Neptune Axial Tilt) (D) Earth Moon Distance At Perigee 0.363 mkm = 0.99 x0.366 mkm (Outer Planets Diameters Total) (and the moon diameter = 1% of Outer Planets Diameters Total) II-Discussion The previous data is an example of many similar where the rate 0.99 is used frequently as a rate between different planets data – and the question is that Why This Rate 0.99 Is Used So Frequently In Different Data (axial tilts – orbital inclinations…etc)? The answer is told by Einstein himself – let's read it: Book / Relativity: The Special and General Theory (Einstein book) Section 13 (in Fizu experiment which is repeated frequently by others) "According to recent and most excellent measurements by Zeeman, the influence of the velocity of flow v on the propagation of light is represented by formula(B)(x'=wt') to within one percent (1%) I claim the difference 1% is found in the solar planets data by light motion as in Fizu experiment measurements- someone will refuse, claiming that we have no Fizu experiment here – no light beam –no tube and no liquid- I don't know how that's happened – but it's a property of light motion – and as in Fizu experiment there was a reason to find this percentages 1% and 99%- this same geometrical reason can be found in the solar planets data and motions to use frequently the rates 99% or 1% which we have seen before– simply we need to analyze and discover how the matter is crated and how the distance is formed and based on such analysis we should find that it's the light motion which creates the using of the rates 99% and 1% in the solar planets data.
Category: Astrophysics

[85] viXra:1911.0090 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-07 01:28:45

Cherenkov Radiation of Gravitational Waves

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 7 Pages.

If the velocity of gravitational waves is less than the speed of light, the velocity of mass motion may exceed the velocity of gravitational waves. This will cause Cherenkov-like radiation similar to electromagnetic interaction. The Cherenkov-like radiation of gravitational waves will produce a relatively specific observable effect. Due to the concentrated release of energy, the easiest to observe is that a large number of photons are radiated from the Cherenkov-like radiation source to form optical effects of high intensity and relatively special shapes. The speed of gravitational waves is less than the speed of light, because the compression of space and time by very large masses causes the gravitational waves to travel less in the masses than the speed of light. The mass of the material itself is not affected by this space-time compression. Thus, under certain conditions, the velocity of the mass of matter exceeds the velocity of the gravitational wave, forming a Cherenkov-like effect. A typical example is the aura of special structures formed by the supernova explosion. Among them, the supernova 1987A has been in existence for more than 30 years. After several years of the explosion, through the observation of the high-resolution Hubble telescope, it was found that the supernova 1987A showed two distinct auras in its explosion direction. There are many explanations for how these halos are formed. This paper points out that the formation of the two halos of the supernova 1987A is related to the propagation of gravitational waves in the mass of matter. Due to the very high mass density of the supernova explosion area, the space-time compression effect is very obvious, which will cause the gravitational wave to have a wave speed less than the speed of light. The material ejected by the supernova after exploding is close to the speed of light, and it is easy to exceed the velocity of gravitational waves propagating in the cosmic fluid around the supernova explosion, which will form the shock wave effect of gravitational waves. The Cherenkov effect of gravitational waves can also be used to explain the origin of high-intensity photon radiation in some galaxy centers. When the black hole in the center of the galaxy attracts the outer mass, the closer it is to the central black hole, the faster it moves. In the right position, the mass moves faster than the gravitational wave. The Cherenkov-like radiation of gravitational waves will be product. In addition, if there is a white hole, the energy is continuously released from the source of the white hole, which will also cause the mass ejection speed to exceed the speed of the gravitational wave, and thus produces the Cherenkov-like effect. Since the dynamic mechanism of the black hole and the white hole are different, by observing the Cherenkov-like effect of the center of the galaxy, it can effectively distinguish whether the center of the galaxy is a white hole or a black hole.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[84] viXra:1911.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 02:22:40

[ Neo4j-Python Driver ] Interaction with [ Imageai-Python ai Tool/z3 Api-Python(theorem Prover)/qrng-Python Lib/qrng ] Python Programming Environment in the Context of Medical Image Processing/electron Microscopy( em ) Image Processing R&D

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication

[ Neo4j-Python driver ] Interaction with [ ImageAI-Python AI Tool/Z3 API-Python(Theorem Prover)/qrng-Python lib/QRNG ] Python Programming Environment in the Context of Medical Image Processing/Electron Microscopy( EM ) Image Processing R&D – A Novel Suggestion. [ Monitoring Graph Data Base System/Image Processing Frameworks with qrng-services/qrng-Devices + AI ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[83] viXra:1911.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 02:45:02

(Asea in DMD Conferinta Ramnicu Sarat 2.11.2019) Efectele Remarcabile Ale Suplimentului Redox "Asea"® în 2 Cazuri de Distrofie Musculară Duchenne la Copil și Potențialul Terapeutic al Asea în Bolile Acute și Cronice cu O Importantă Componentă de Stres

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 45 Pages. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/336990483

TITLE IN ENGLISH: The remarkable effects of " >® redox supplement" (ARS) in 2 cases of Duchenne muscular dystrophy in children and the therapeutic potential of Asea / ARS in acute and chronic diseases with a significant component of cellular oxidative stress) ABSTRACT IN ENGLISH: This research aims at discovering dietary supplements which may show comparable or even stronger beneficial effects (with less or none adverse effects) than corticosteroids in children with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). This paper presents a case report on the effects of an ionized “saline water” called “ASEA redox Supplement®” (ARS) oral solution in a ~2-year-old boy with DMD from Bucharest, Romania. In vitro studies showed that ARS is a very potent selective NRF2 activator, thus a very potent (indirect) antioxidant: the studies conducted in vivo also support this main pharmacological mechanism of ARS, with no toxicity up to high doses, in contrast with the much more toxic corticosteroids. From the first months of ARS treatment all the rhabdomyolysis markers (with very high initial serum levels) dropped significantly, with no found toxicity. The main conclusions of this paper are: (1) ARS has remarkable antioxidant and immunomodulatory effects and should be studied on larger groups of children with DMD under the age of 4 years old (but also on other age groups of children and even young adults), as an alternative to early corticosteroids; (2) Given its immunomodulatory effect (NRF2 selective activation and NF-kB inhibition), ARS deserves future cohort studies on its potential to replace corticosteroids and other non-steroidal immunosuppressants (at least partially) in many types of pulmonary/renal/hepatic/ articular/skin autoimmune and even malignant diseases of both children and adults; (3) Given its very strong antioxidant effects (by highly selective NRF2 potent activation), ARS deserves future cohort studies on acute/chronic diseases that imply high levels of tissular oxidative stress, especially some acute/chronic cardiovascular and respiratory diseases like acute myocardial infarction with acute/chronic heart failure, stroke, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), asthma etc. of both children and adults (so that ARS may help millions and even billions worldwide). Keywords: ASEA redox supplement (ARS) oral solution, 3-year-old boy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), NRF2 selective activation, corticosteroids --------------------------------- REZUMATUL LUCRARII/PREZENTARII (Rezumatul lucrării/prezentării) Această cercetare își propune să descopere suplimente alimentare care pot demonstra efecte benefice comparabile sau chiar mai puternice (cu efecte adverse mai mici sau deloc) decât corticosteroizii la copiii cu distrofie musculară Duchenne (DMD). Această prezentare conține 2 raporturi de caz (în premieră mondială) asupra efectelor unei soluții saline ionizate (de uz intern oral) numite "supliment redox < >”® (SRA) la doi băieței cu DMD de 4 respectiv 5 ani, ambii din București. Studiile in vitro au arătat că Asea este un foarte potent activator selectiv al factorului de transcripție nucleară NRF2 (ce guvernează răspunsul anti-stress celular de fază B), deci un antioxidant foarte puternic (indirect): studiile efectuate in vivo până în prezent susțin și ele acest principal mecanism farmacologic de acțiune al Asea, fără toxicitate demonstrată in vivo chiar până la doze relativ mari, în contrast cu toate tipurile de corticosteroizi, care au toxicitate demonstrată pe multe aparate și sisteme. Încă din primele luni de tratament cu Asea, toți markerii de rabdomioliză (cu niveluri serice inițiale foarte mari, tipice pentru DMD) au scăzut semnificativ, fără nici un semn clinic și/sau paraclinic de toxicitate. PRINCIPALELE CONCLUZII ALE ACESTUI ARTICOL (Principalele concluzii ale acestei lucrări) sunt: (1) Asea are efecte antioxidante și imunomodulatoare remarcabile și merită studiată pe grupuri mai mari de copii cu DMD cu vârsta sub 4 ani (dar și pe alte grupe de vârstă de copii și chiar adulți tineri), ca alternativă la corticosteroizii administrați precoce încă de la vârsta de 2-3 ani (cu cel puțin 1 an înainte de vârsta standard de 4 ani actualmente unanim acceptată ca moment de inițiere corticoizi în DMD); (2) Având în vedere efectul său imunomodulator (activarea selectivă a NRF2 și inhibarea factorului de transcripție NF-kB, ce guvernează răspunsul anti-stress celular de fază A), Asea merită studii viitoare de cohortă asupra potențialului său de a înlocui (cel puțin parțial!) corticosteroizii și alte imunosupresoare nesteroidiene în multe tipuri de boli pulmonare / renale / hepatice / boli autoimune articulare / cutanate și chiar maligne ale copiilor și adulților; (3) Având în vedere efectele antioxidante foarte puternice (prin hiper-activare înalt selectivă a NRF2), Asea merită studii viitoare de cohortă în bolile acute / cronice care implică niveluri ridicate de stres oxidativ tisular/celular, în special unele boli cardiovasculare și respiratorii acute / cronice precum infarctul miocardic acut cu insuficiență cardiacă acută / cronică, accident vascular cerebral, boală pulmonară obstructivă cronică (BPOC), astm bronșic etc. atât la copii cât și la adulți (astfel încât Asea poate ajuta milioane și chiar miliarde de bolnavi la nivel mondial). Cuvinte-cheie: supliment redox Asea (SRA) soluție orală, distrofie musculară Duchenne (DMD), factorii de transcripție nucleară NRF2 și NF-kB, activare selectivă de NRF2, corticosteroizi More Info: www.dragoii.com
Category: Quantitative Biology

[82] viXra:1911.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 02:43:32

Spooky Quantum Tunneling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 96 Pages.

This allowed the researchers to explore quantum tunneling, a phenomenon often used in undergraduate chemistry courses to demonstrate one of the "spookinesses" of quantum mechanics, Field says. [56] Measurements at the attosecond scale not only add an extra dimension for the future quantum technologies but also can fundamentally help in understanding the elephant of the quantum room: what is time? [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[81] viXra:1911.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 03:11:28

Light-Based Tractor Beam

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

The team adapted a light-based technology employed widely in biology-known as optical traps or optical tweezers-to operate in a water-free liquid environment of carbon-rich organic solvents, thereby enabling new potential applications. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[80] viXra:1911.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 03:51:48

Magnetism in Atomic Resolution

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Scientists from the University of Strasbourg, France, in close collaboration with colleagues from research centers in San Sebastián, Spain, and Jülich, Germany, have achieved a breakthrough in detecting the magnetic moments of nanoscale structures. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[79] viXra:1911.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 04:24:58

Transparent LED Screens

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Connecting LEDs with transparent conductive circuits has made it possible to turn glass windows, walls and building exteriors into see-through displays that inform or entertain viewers with videos and images. [38] The new technology can successfully measure heart rate and oxygen saturation. It also has the potential to measure blood pressure and cardiac output, whilst maintaining its flexible and transparent form. [37] Electrical engineers at Duke University have devised a fully print-in-place technique for electronics that is gentle enough to work on delicate surfaces including paper and human skin. [36]
Category: Condensed Matter

[78] viXra:1911.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-15 17:22:58

Cousin Primes Conjecture

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Cousin Primes Conjecture were performed using WolframAlpha and Wolfram cloud from the beginning this time, as in the case of the twin primes that we did the other day. Cousin Primes and Twin Primes have exactly the same dynamics. All Cousin Primes are executed in hexagonal circulation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, Cousin Primes are generated only at (6n+1)(6n+5). [n is a positive integer] When the number grows to the limit, the denominator of the expression becomes very large, and primes occur very rarely, but since Cousin Primes are 4/3 times the square of the distribution of primes, the frequency of occurrence of Cousin Primes is very equal to 0. However, it is not 0. Therefore, Cousin Primes continue to be generated. That is, Cousin Primes exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[77] viXra:1911.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 04:50:18

Dietary Carbon Nanotube Fiber

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

The process, developed by Nagoya University researchers in Japan, could be upscaled for manufacturing purified batches of single-wall carbon nanotubes that can be used in high-performance electronic devices. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[76] viXra:1911.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 06:53:19

Pancreatic Cancer: a Split Tipe Therapy Idea

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 7 Pages.

Due to number of biochemical, physiological and anatomical reasons pancreatic cancer remain fast type killer. Solution could come from holistic biology. I propose idea of separate therapies for 1. metastasis, 2. patient and 3. tumor itself.
Category: Biochemistry

[75] viXra:1911.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 07:06:22

Refutation of Decomposition of the Riemann and Ricci Curvatures

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the first Bianchi identity as defined which is not tautologous and refutes decomposition of the curvatures. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[74] viXra:1911.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 09:08:26

On Some New Mathematical Connections Between Ramanujan’s Sum of Two Cubes, ζ(2), π, ϕ, Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions and Various Sectors of Theoretical Physics

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 91 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have described some new possible mathematical connections between various equations concerning the Ramanujan’s sum of two cubes, ζ(2), π, ϕ, Ramanujan’s mock theta functions and some sectors of Theoretical Physics
Category: Number Theory

[73] viXra:1911.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 10:41:11

Black Holes like Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

According to quantum mechanics black holes should behave like other ordinary quantum systems. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters-it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think "the Big Bang", except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[72] viXra:1911.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 10:49:42

Theory of an Electro-Cordic Field in Quantum Systems. I. (Revised)

Authors: R. Wayte.
Comments: 17 Pages.

A theory of electro-cordic guidewaves is developed to supplement the standard acausal statistical laws of quantum mechanics and account for the growth of accurate information from apparently random quantum events. Every effort is made to reveal the physical reality of the guidewaves which organise photons or electrons into predictable states. Einstein’s equations of general relativity have also been applied to hydrogen to yield energy levels identical to those of Dirac’s theory. A companion paper covers applications of electro-cordic guidewaves to interference, entanglement and superconductivity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[71] viXra:1911.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 11:09:05

About the Properties of Energy

Authors: Marc Kießling
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract Is it possible to describe all law of nature in one theory? This paper constitutes all principles as a result of one single energy and its quantities and distributions. The properties of energy, which lead to the different principles, are the following: 1.There is nothing beside energy. 2.Energy is local 3.Energy is able to superpose with other quantities of energy 4.Quantities of energy tend to each other towards the largest difference of their amount of energy ∆W, except for ∆W=0. 5.Given that there are 2 directions with the same value of ∆W, the energy tends to both ways with the same quantity of energy.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[70] viXra:1911.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 12:05:14

Minimal Fractal Manifold and the Dual Nature of Dark Matter

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 6 Pages.

As of today, the nature of Dark Matter (DM) remains controversial. Broadly speaking, there are two major schools of thought on the topic. While the first school considers DM to be an extrapolation of particle physics, the second one asserts that DM is a signature of gravitational phenomena. The basic tenet of the second school of thought is that DM can be explained away either through revisions of General Relativity (GR), through its inherent nonlinearity or by deploying non-traditional interpretations of GR. The goal of this brief note is to point out that DM and gravitational physics may no longer be mutually exclusive, but complementary manifestations of the same reality. Elaborating from the minimal fractality of spacetime above the Fermi scale - along with its quaternion formulation - we suggest that DM can replicate the contribution of gravitational nonlinearities on galactic scales.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[69] viXra:1911.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 12:35:07

Quantum Coherence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

In quantum physics, some of the most interesting effects are the result of interferences. [29] When Nebraska's Herman Batelaan and colleagues recently submitted a research paper that makes the case for the existence of a non-Newtonian, quantum force, the journal asked that they place "force" firmly within quotes. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[68] viXra:1911.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 11:07:02

On Some New Mathematical Connections Between Various Equations of the F(T) Teleparallel Gravity and Cosmology, the Rogers-Ramanujan Continued Fractions and the Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions. II

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 96 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have described the new possible mathematical connections between some equations of various topics concerning the f(T) teleparallel gravity and cosmology, the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fractions and the Ramanujan’s mock theta functions.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[67] viXra:1911.0071 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-13 09:38:39

Decomposition of the Riemann and Ricci Curvatures

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in english

We propose a decomposition of the Riemann and Ricci curvatures according to symmetric endomorphisms.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[66] viXra:1911.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 15:52:31

Mathematics Behind the Standard Model

Authors: Zibo Wang
Comments: 36 Pages.

In this thesis, I went through derivation of equations of motion for some free particles using symmetry, and also went through the math underneath spontaneous symmetry breaking and the Higgs mechanism in restoring missing mass in interaction between particles, which both showing the self-consistency of the Standard Model.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[65] viXra:1911.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 16:22:34

Refutation of Multi-Valued Concurrent Dynamic Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate two operators for parallel and sequential composition which are not tautologous. The conjecture of multi-valued, concurrent, propositional, dynamic logics fails. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[64] viXra:1911.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 16:51:06

Refutation of a Theoretical Model of the Individual-Decision Making Processes for Refugees

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate an equation for conflict score which is not tautologous, thereby denying the conjectured title and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[63] viXra:1911.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 17:48:26

Quantum Density of the Medium and Gravitational Potentials

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 2 Pages

The quantum theory of gravity characterizes the state of quantized space-time with a new parameter: the quantum density of the medium. The new parameter is the concentration of quantons in a unit volume of space. Quanton is a quantum of space-time is the basic particle in the quantum theory of gravity. The gravitational field inside the quantized space-time is characterized by four parameters of the quantum density of the medium: ρ0, ρ1 ρ2 ρn. The quantum density of the medium is an analogue of the gravitational potentials. Each parameter of the quantum density of the medium has its own analog of the gravitational potential: φ0, φ1 φ2 φn. Previously, the theory of gravity had only one gravitational potential: the Newtonian gravitational potential φn. Because of this, we had big problems for gravitational computing. The quantum density of the medium and additional gravitational potentials allowed us to solve many problems of the theory of gravity that were previously considered unsolvable. But we have the main thing: we created the quantum theory of gravity almost a quarter century ago [1, 2]. I am surprised when I see thousands of articles with the big names of the theory of quantum gravity, and inside these articles are empty and uninteresting. In theoretical physics, we have fierce competition between scientists. And only a few of them manage to say a newer word in physics once a century. I created the theory of Superunification, the theory of quantum gravity, quantum thermodynamics, quantum energy, a quantum engine and much more. The theory of Superunification is the basis of new energy and space technologies [1-6].
Category: Quantum Physics

[62] viXra:1911.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 20:03:05

Space, and the Redshift Effect

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 23 Pages.

Following on from the previous series of papers regarding the golden ratio algorithm for time [1-12], more specifically papers 11 [11] and 12 [12] in continuing with the explanation of the redshift effect, the idea of cosmology is measured with a new understanding of the redshift effect according to the golden ratio time-algorithm, namely the general description of the universe of stars according to the new appreciation of the redshift effect. To address this, first the idea of cosmology is introduced and what cosmology in contemporary terms seeks to deliver, and how such theories of cosmology have been arrived at. Secondly, the current problems in cosmology are discussed, namely any absences of theory that are required to explain observed data, and any absences of data that are unable to account for current theoretical models. Thirdly, a key flaw in modern cosmology central to the redshift effect is highlighted that appears to lead to all known cosmological and astronomical discrepancies faced by cosmology and astrophysics. Fourthly, a solution to this issue is proposed in line with the previous series of papers [1-12], namely the golden ratio time-algorithm as a new understanding of the redshift effect. Then, a new cosmological model is forwarded, after which anthropological evidence for this new cosmological model is presented. The standard for the cosmological model being presented in this paper is a standard that uses “all” astrophysical data with a cosmological theory that is complete, entertaining “no” assumption or “fixes” that have no astrophysical data.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[61] viXra:1911.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 00:36:43

The Formula of the Speed of Light in a Quantized Space-Time

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

There is Einstein’s formula of 1911 which shows that the speed of light is not a constant, but it is a function of the gravitational potential [1]. This formula is not written correctly because the speed of light с enters the left and right sides of the formula. At that time, Einstein did not know that space-time is quantized space-time and it has its own gravitational potential equal to the square of the speed of light. This fact was established by me in 1996 [2, 3]. In the theory of Superunification, the formula of the speed of light is a very simple formula and it is equal to the square root of the gravitational action potential or it is equal to the square root of the quantum density of quantized space-time.
Category: Quantum Physics

[60] viXra:1911.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 01:02:18

Understanding Graph Data Base Systems Using [ Java/JI Prolog ] – A Simple Suggestion to Implement [ AI/IoT/HPC/BIG DATA ] Informatics Systems.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

JI Prolog+Neo4j+JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/JVM-Java Virtual Machine/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Environments in the Context of BIG DATA Analytics based on Bio-informatics.Exploring Graph Data Base Systems Using Java for Next Generation Bio-informatics Frameworks Using IoT/HPC Systems.We are testing the above mentioned informatics frameworks using RVM – Research Virtual Machine – a highly experimental TESTBED.Since Java is well suited for IoT/HPC- Heterogeneous Environments and its associated challenges,we are presenting here,a simple challenging Informatics Framework to probe next generation Bio-informatics R&D. [ Researching Algorithms for Next Generation Bio-informatics Platforms ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[59] viXra:1911.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 01:47:31

Convergent SeriesⅢ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is a proof of some convergent series part3.
Category: Number Theory

[58] viXra:1911.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 03:31:28

Fluorescent Probes Drug Delivery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Selecting the most effective molecules for drug delivery is often a trial-and-error process, but Cornell engineers are providing some precision thanks to a technique that reveals the performance of those molecules inside living cells. [45] Now, researchers at MIT and elsewhere have developed a system to deliver medical treatments that can be released at precise times, minimally-invasively, and that ultimately could also deliver those drugs to specifically targeted areas such as a specific group of neurons in the brain. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43]
Category: Physics of Biology

[57] viXra:1911.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 04:43:39

A Theoretical Model of the Individual-Decision Making Processes for Refugees

Authors: Rahul Joseph Fernandez
Comments: 12 Pages.

There exists contemporarily over 70 million people forced into displacement, which is historically the highest the world has seen, making aid for humanitarian crises more necessary than ever. This paper aims at a formulation for a basic theoretical model, within the Agent-Based Modelling (ABM) framework, that can be used in to make predictions about refugee migration-decision making processes. Some of the models existing are reviewed, serving as a reference for assumptions and choices made in the model presented here. Following which the model is described in the form of a cost-benefit evaluation problem along with the assumptions it makes. The model has no explicit analytic solution but can be employed by way of computerized simulations. Owing to a dearth of the requisite data to run simulations, the model was not simulated within this paper. Extensions to the model are discussed, as well as the challenges associated with modelling phenomena using ABMs.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[56] viXra:1911.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 06:03:56

SCIS- Traffic Congestion Optimisation using River Formation Dynamics

Authors: Kunal Verma, Vishal Paike
Comments: 5 Pages.

The raising level of traffic imposes a great demand in the growth of intelligent traffic systems. With increase in complexity of alleviation, finding solutions to traffic congestion problem have become one of the challenges. Various optimization techniques have been proposed in literature to meet these challenges. This paper surveys different optimization techniques based on heuristics for automated traffic congestion control. Moreover, an approach based on River Formation Dynamics scheme is introduced to analyze the optimization problem for traffic congestion control and a scheme to extract real time information through Internet of Things is presented for superior efficiency and productivity
Category: General Mathematics

[55] viXra:1911.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 08:34:12

Spin on Life's Origin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

This research may also enable new synthesis pathways for chiral drugs that do not require chiral molecules as inputs. [13] The conditions for life surviving on planets entirely covered in water are more fluid than previously thought, opening up the possibility that water worlds could be habitable, according to a new paper from the University of Chicago and Pennsylvania State University. [12]
Category: Physics of Biology

[54] viXra:1911.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 08:50:15

Refutation of the Chromatic Number of Product of Two ℵ1-Chromatic Graphs as Countable

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the chromatic number of the product of two ℵ1-chromatic graphs as countable. It is not tautologous as are then also the derived consistent and relatively consistent conjectures for k=3. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[53] viXra:1911.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 09:43:03

Quantum Communication Randomness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Random bit sequences are key ingredients of various tasks in modern life and especially in secure communication. In a new study researchers have determined that generating true random bit sequences, classical or quantum, is an impossible mission. [27] A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[52] viXra:1911.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 10:14:55

Protein EPR Spectroscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Biochemists can use electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) on protein single crystals to determine the ultimate electronic structure of paramagnetic protein intermediates and investigate the relative magnetic tensor to a molecular structure. [28] Random bit sequences are key ingredients of various tasks in modern life and especially in secure communication. In a new study researchers have determined that generating true random bit sequences, classical or quantum, is an impossible mission. [27] A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26]
Category: Physics of Biology

[51] viXra:1911.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 10:39:18

Unstable Semiconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

Scientists from Cardiff University have, for the first time, spotted previously unseen "instabilities" on the surface of a common compound semiconductor material. [48] In Japan Science and Technology Agency's Strategic Basic Research Programs, Associate Professor Toshiaki Kato and Professor Toshiro Kaneko of the Department of Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University succeeded in clarifying a new synthesis mechanism regarding transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD), which are semiconductor atomic sheets having thickness in atomic order. [47]
Category: Condensed Matter

[50] viXra:1911.0052 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-03 01:39:24

Convergent Series

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is a proof of some convergent series.
Category: Number Theory

[49] viXra:1911.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 02:27:17

Silicon-Graphene-Germanium Transistor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

With further engineering, the vertical semiconductor-graphene-semiconductor transistor is promising for high-speed applications in future 3-D monolithic integration because of the advantages of atomic thickness, high carrier mobility, and the high feasibility of a Schottky emitter. [37] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have new experimental evidence and a predictive theory that solves a long-standing materials science mystery: why certain crystalline materials shrink when heated. [36] In a new study now published A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[48] viXra:1911.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 02:41:08

О парадоксе при классическом подходе к доказательству теорем и непригодности общепринятых стереотипных тавтологий классической математики для доказательства теорем

Authors: Victoria Kondratenko Виктория Александровна Кондратенко
Comments: 5 Pages.

Аннотация. В текущее время в естественных и прикладных науках в большинстве публикаций доказательство теорем осуществляется: во-первых, содержательным способом, что противоречит настоятельному требованию философов науки использовать исключительно формальное доказательство, которое является критерием оценки корректности и достоверности доказательства; во-вторых, при содержательном доказательстве в 95% случаев используются исключительно стандартный перечень тавтологий, который по определению некорректен для целей доказательства теорем о явлениях и процессах мироздания на основе истинных аксиом, полученных в результате натурного экспериментирования с этими явлениями и процессами. В статье анализируется часто используемый стандартный перечень тавтологий, доказывается непригодность этих тавтологий для доказательства теорем, что порождает очередной неразрешимый парадокс в началах математики. Автором предлагается выход из создавшегося тупика.
Category: General Mathematics

[47] viXra:1911.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 02:40:36

Convergent SeriesⅡ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is a proof of some convergent series part2.
Category: Number Theory

[46] viXra:1911.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 02:55:47

Stretchable Stopwatch for Human Skin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Such human-machine interfaces are no longer science fiction, but they still have a way to go before becoming mainstream. [38] With further engineering, the vertical semiconductor-graphene-semiconductor transistor is promising for high-speed applications in future 3-D monolithic integration because of the advantages of atomic thickness, high carrier mobility, and the high feasibility of a Schottky emitter. [37] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have new experimental evidence and a predictive theory that solves a long-standing materials science mystery: why certain crystalline materials shrink when heated. [36] In a new study now published A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[45] viXra:1911.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 03:41:47

Ultraconformable Magnetic Nanosheets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Syringe-injectable biomaterials, medical devices and engineered tissues have attracted great attention as minimally-invasive implants for diagnosis, therapy and regenerative medicine. [39] Such human-machine interfaces are no longer science fiction, but they still have a way to go before becoming mainstream. [38] With further engineering, the vertical semiconductor-graphene-semiconductor transistor is promising for high-speed applications in future 3-D monolithic integration because of the advantages of atomic thickness, high carrier mobility, and the high feasibility of a Schottky emitter. [37] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have new experimental evidence and a predictive theory that solves a long-standing materials science mystery: why certain crystalline materials shrink when heated. [36] In a new study now published A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[44] viXra:1911.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 04:42:54

Microrobots Against Radioactive Waste

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

The self-propelled microrobots could someday help in the management and remediation of radioactive waste, the researchers say. [40] Syringe-injectable biomaterials, medical devices and engineered tissues have attracted great attention as minimally-invasive implants for diagnosis, therapy and regenerative medicine. [39] Such human-machine interfaces are no longer science fiction, but they still have a way to go before becoming mainstream. [38] With further engineering, the vertical semiconductor-graphene-semiconductor transistor is promising for high-speed applications in future 3-D monolithic integration because of the advantages of atomic thickness, high carrier mobility, and the high feasibility of a Schottky emitter. [37] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have new experimental evidence and a predictive theory that solves a long-standing materials science mystery: why certain crystalline materials shrink when heated. [36] In a new study now published A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[43] viXra:1911.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 05:04:40

Printer Creates Holograms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new printer that produces digital 3-D holograms with an unprecedented level of detail and realistic color. [14] A professor and head of the Quantum Gravity Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), he grapples with this conundrum on a daily basis. [13] A team of researchers has now used the world's highest intensity neutron beamline facility, at J-PARC in central Japan, to push the limits of sensitivity for the study of gravitational force. [12] Two teams of researchers working independently of one another have come up with an experiment designed to prove that gravity and quantum mechanics can be reconciled. [11] Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[42] viXra:1911.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 07:05:12

On the Fundamental Mathematical Constants π, ϕ, ζ(2), ζ(6), ζ(8) and ζ(10): New Interesting Mathematical Connections

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 59 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have described the new possible mathematical connections between the following fundamental mathematical constants: π, ϕ, ζ(2), ζ(6), ζ(8) and ζ(10)
Category: Number Theory

[41] viXra:1911.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 10:26:31

The Amplification Effect of Parallel Counter-streaming Gravitons

Authors: Kurt L. Becker
Comments: 6 Pages.

Amplification effect of counter-streaming gravitons may give a physical foundation to MOND. Abstract: Modified Newtonian Dynamics can explain the flat rotation curves of stars in very weak gravitational fields in the outlying regions of our galaxy, but it needs a physical basis to form a complete theory. In the MOND paradigm, acceleration decreases slower, by 1/r, than in Newtonian dynamics, 1/r2. This paper explores a physical process with amplifies the stream of gravitons between distant stars, thereby keeping gravity stronger at longer distances, yet allowing the acceleration to decrease as 1/r. The streams of gravitons between distant stars is parallel, allowing time for counter-streaming gravitons to interact with each other. This interaction will compress the beam and, most importantly, will pull adjacent streams into the main gravitation stream. This results in an amplification of gravity between the two stars. The frequency of gravitational interaction with the mass of the stars will decrease as 1/r, due to the longer travel time of the gravitons between the stars.
Category: Astrophysics

[40] viXra:1911.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 13:14:26

Conservation of Mass Limits and White Dwarfs

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 4 Pages.

A new idea is presented which follows from the General Theory. It is hypothesized that mass is conserved in closed systems, but there is a caveat to that due to white dwarfs. In the General Theory white dwarfs have mass that is not conserved. Meaning if you take all transfers of heat and matter away, it will become more massive as it transitions to more massive stages of evolution. This means mass is not conserved under extreme pressures and temperatures. In short, there are properties of mass that we do not understand yet, and white dwarfs show this in light of the General Theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[39] viXra:1911.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 14:33:57

Gravity and Spacetime Beyond Einstein

Authors: Anil Gupta
Comments: 28 Pages with illustrations

This paper makes the following predictions: 1. Spacetime is quantum in nature 2. Spactron is the quanta of spacetime 3. A Spactron is made up of three spatial and one time dimension 4. Spacetime, matter, energy, force and everything in our material universe are all made up of Spactrons 5. Gravity is the product of the Spactron density differential between mass and the surrounding spacetime
Category: Classical Physics

[38] viXra:1911.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 14:54:57

The Observer Effects on Observation Results (SR Tells)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 2 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis (No. 1) The Observer Effects On The Observational Results 1st Hypothesis Explanation If a particle (with length L0) moves by speed of light (approximately), this particle may suffer from length contraction effect and be seen with a contracted length (L1) Then "What's happened For The Particle Own Nature?" The theory states "The Proper Length L0 Never Change"! We have 2 directions to choose from: (1st) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature doesn't change and the contracted length is seen by us as a wrong vision (as mirage) but the particle length itself has no real change Or (2nd) to accept the idea that – the particle own nature changes with this motion – and by such way – the particle nature should be created relative to speed of light! I choose the 2nd choice- Why? Because – the 1st choice tells us that – The particle own nature is defined clearly when no difference in motions velocities between me and this particle – that means – I'm The Universe Reference Point – and this is similar to a person looks at a mirror So the particle nature is created relative to speed of light! Is it true? NOT The human mind realization process depends on speed of light – and that explains how the observer effects on observational results… Paper Hypothesis (No. 2) Human Mind Realization Process depends On And uses Speed Of Light - Paper Hypothesis (No. 3) The Human Mind Realization process (Using Speed Of Light) effects on the universe around.
Category: Astrophysics

[37] viXra:1911.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 15:14:11

Quantum Gravity Inside of the Gravitational Well

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 7 Pages, 3 Figures

Gravity is determined by the presence of a gravitational well around the gravitational mass. A gravitational well is a potential well that describes an inhomogeneous gravitational field of an energy gradient, a quantum density gradient of a medium, and a gravitational action potential gradient. The force of gravity is determined by the gradient of gravitational energy, the deformation vector of quantized space-time and the strength of the gravitational field. It should be noted that the force F of gravity is always directed to the bottom of the gravitational well in the direction of decreasing gravitational energy, quantum density of the medium and gravitational action potential [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[36] viXra:1911.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 15:17:15

Building and Visualizing Datasets of a Single Variable (Heart Rate)

Authors: Neel Adwani
Comments: 4 Pages.

Datasets are of great use in the fields like Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Analytics, etc. To solve the problem of Data unavailability, Data sets can be generated with the help of required sensors and that data can even be visualized. Visualization might be necessary to filter or sort out the inaccurate data, which might interfere with the Algorithm used.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[35] viXra:1911.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 02:47:31

Exploring Henon Maps for Next Generation Medical Imaging Algorithms Using Python Based Software Involving Ai/qrng/iot/hpc Concepts.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Understanding & Implementing [ Henon Maps/QRNG/ImageAI ] – Python based Informatics Framework to ProbeMedical Images Using DICOM – A Simple & Novel Suggestion in the Context of [ AI/IoT/HPC /LLVM ] Heterogeneous Environment/s.We derived our inspiration based on our references mentioned below,please check our references.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[34] viXra:1911.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 04:24:56

Ideas Through Experimental Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 97 Pages.

Even the most brilliant scientific ideas need data. Just this year, the first-ever image of a black hole finally provided the evidence needed to support Einstein's 100-year-old theories. [57] EPFL researchers, with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and IBM Research-Zurich, unravel novel dynamics in the interaction between light and mechanical motion with significant implications for quantum measurements designed to evade the influence of the detector in the notorious 'back action limit' problem. [56] We don't have to get into what they claimed was the mechanism for destroying interference, because our experiment has shown there is an effect on the velocity of the particle, of just the size Heisenberg predicted. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[33] viXra:1911.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 05:00:42

Crystals Shrink When Heated

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have new experimental evidence and a predictive theory that solves a long-standing materials science mystery: why certain crystalline materials shrink when heated. [36] In a new study now published on Science Advances, Junseong Song and colleagues at the departments of Energy Science, Nanostructure Physics, Environmental Science and Materials Science in the Republic of Korea developed an unprecedented structure of the Zintl phase. [35] TSU physicists, working with scientists from Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Germany and Korea, have discovered new nanomechanical properties of diamonds mined at the Skalnoe deposit of the Popigai astrobleme. [34] A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[32] viXra:1911.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 05:29:41

Merger Inside Binary Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Rochester Institute of Technology and the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics have recently gathered strong numerical evidence for a new phenomenon that takes place in the interior of binary black holes. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters-it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think "the Big Bang", except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1911.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 05:46:44

Controlling Cell Immune Response

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

Scientists at Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with the University of Montana (USA) proposed a promising new material for regenerative medicine for recovery of damaged tissues and blood vessels. [44] Nanocapsules and other containers can transport drugs through a patient's body directly to the origin of the disease and release them there in a controlled manner. [43] Coupier has found that deflating and inflating microscopic shells can induce directed motion, which could, for example, be used to help target drug delivery to a tumour. [42]
Category: Physics of Biology

[30] viXra:1911.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 06:54:44

Tiny Swimming Donuts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

The researchers note that "these biocompatible, 3-D printed micro swimmers would then be able to interface and manipulate biological active matter leading to the development of intelligent cell transport and therapy." [45] Scientists at Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with the University of Montana (USA) proposed a promising new material for regenerative medicine for recovery of damaged tissues and blood vessels. [44] Nanocapsules and other containers can transport drugs through a patient's body directly to the origin of the disease and release them there in a controlled manner. [43]
Category: Physics of Biology

[29] viXra:1911.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 07:11:49

Refutation of Cohen’s First Model and Derivations as the Method of Forcing

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the definition of Cohen’s first model as not tautologous, hence refuting it and impugning derived conjectures such as forcing. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28] viXra:1911.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 07:52:09

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis; 17. Auflage

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 12 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden die Vor- und Nachteile einer Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie.
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1911.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 08:57:19

A Statement of Scientific Ethics

Authors: Peter Bissonnet
Comments: 2 Pages.

Scientific Ethics as Society, Government, and Science evolve.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[26] viXra:1911.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 09:16:26

The Energy Gradient is a Unified Formula for all Fundamental Forces

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

Scientists around the world have been looking for a unified physics formula for over a hundred years. But this formula has been known since the time of Newton. This formula is very simple - the force F is equal to the energy W gradient: F = gradW (1). This formula of the force (1) rarely used in the calculations. We use the calculations mainly according to Newton’s formula when the force F is equal to the mass m multiplied by the acceleration a: F=ma (2), where acceleration is the first derivative of velocity v with respect to time t or acceleration is the second derivative of the displacement x with respect to time t. Which formula is the main? The basic formula is: F = gradW (1). From the basic formula (1) all other formulas are derived including formula (2) and the law of universal gravitation. Formula (2) is secondary. Why the basic formula (1) is still in the shadows? The fact is that the energy gradient is based on the condition that energy fills all space-time like the ocean. This is an energy ocean. However, the Standard Model (SM) of Physics considers the zero energy level of a physical vacuum. But the zero energy gradients are zero. In a cosmic vacuum with a zero energy level should be no forces. But this contradicts the observed facts. In space there is a lot of forces and energy. It turns out that SM is a fake. In quantum the theory of Superunification I corrected all the errors of SM. In 1996, I discovered superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) - the fifth force (Superforce). SEI is the global energy field of the universe with the maximum level of energy. The SEI field has gradients of energy levels and it is heterogeneous. These energy gradients describe the action of all fundamental forces [1, 2].
Category: Quantum Physics

[25] viXra:1911.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 11:04:38

What Are Volcanoes and Why do They Exist?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Geologists do not know what volcanoes are and why they exist on Earth. Now we can finally answer the basic questions with stellar metamorphosis. Volcanoes are composed of liquid rock escaping the surface, but why liquid rock? Why don't all the other rocky objects all have active volcanoes? Why are some worlds almost absent huge numbers of volcanoes? This paper addresses this.
Category: Geophysics

[24] viXra:1911.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 11:17:10

The P Value of Likely Extreme Events

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 21 pages.

Objective: Sometimes there are circumstances where it is necessary to calculate the P Value of extremely events xt like p(xt) = 1 while reliable methods are rare. Methods: A systematic approach to the problem of the P Values of extremely events is provided. Results: New theorems for calculating P Values of extremely likely events are developed. Conclusions: It is possible to calculate the P Values even of extreme events. E-mail: Barukcic@t-online.de Keywords: P Value, likely events, cause, effect, causal relationship.
Category: Statistics

[23] viXra:1911.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 12:27:07

Cheating with Complex Numbers Der Selbstbetrug Mit Den Komplexen Zahlen

Authors: Martin Erik Horn
Comments: 6 pages, bilingual version (in English and German)

Together with complex conjugation, complex numbers are misused to model anti-commutative structures. German Abstract: Komplexe Zahlen werden zur Modellierung anti-kommutativer Strukturen missbraucht, wenn die komplexe Konjugation genutzt wird.
Category: Algebra

[22] viXra:1911.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 13:19:50

Refutation of a Common Expression for Law of Trichotomy, Replaced by Shortest Known Proof

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We show a common formal logic expression for the law of trichotomy is not tautologous, and replace it with the shortest known proof. The first results forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[21] viXra:1911.0021 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-02 04:12:14

Refutaton of Frege’s Inference Rule of Generalization

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate Frege’s inference rule of generalization which is not tautologous. This result forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[20] viXra:1911.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 16:12:52

Further Mathematical Connections Between the Dark Matter Candidate Particles, Some Ramanujan Formulas and the Physics of Black Holes. III

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 35 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained further interesting new possible mathematical connections concerning some sectors of Ramanujan’s mathematics, some sectors of Particle Physics, inherent principally the Dark Matter candidate particles and the physics of black holes (Ramanujan-Nardelli mock formula).
Category: Number Theory

[19] viXra:1911.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 17:30:43

Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is a proof of Riemann hypothesis.
Category: Number Theory

[18] viXra:1911.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 21:25:00

Why Don't We Understand The Solar System Geometry?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 20 Pages.

Why don't We Understand The Solar System Geometry? Because Paper Hypothesis -The Planets Motions are Motions of Light Beams, That means each planet motion depends on a motion of light beam – Based on that, we have to use the light geometry to explain the solar planets motions. Shortly -Planet Motion = Light Motion and should be studied under Relativistic Considerations -Because we see the planets as matters move by low velocity– We consider that the light geometry is unsuitable science to explain the solar planets motions. -That's Why – There Are Many Contradictions In The Solar Planets Motions Current Understanding And Description.. Paper Objective -The Paper tries to prove the claim that "The Solar Planets Motions Are Motions Of Light Beams"
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1911.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 21:59:42

The Solution to the Cosmological Constant Problem

Authors: Brian Craig
Comments: 7 Pages.

To account for the very low mass density associated with Dark Energy and the Cosmological Constant, a new approach to the ground state of empty space is presented. The resulting model for the vacuum state associated with empty space proposes a crystalline-like texture for the chromatic structure of empty space. This vacuum state has the appropriate mass density and predicts acceleration for the Universe expansion. Furthermore, the model predicts that this texture is anisotropic and may lead to measurable changes in the production of electron and positron pairs by gamma rays incident on a solid crystal of low mass density such as graphite.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[16] viXra:1911.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 00:44:07

Problems in Quantum Mechanics: Textbook. (In Russian)

Authors: Galitsky V. M., Karnakov B. M., Kogan V. I.
Comments: 648 Pages. in Russian. M.: Science, the Main edition of physical and mathematical literature, 1981.

The book contains 800 problems mainly on non-relativistic quantum mechanics, covering both the basic provisions and mathematical apparatus of the theory, as well as its numerous applications to atomic physics, nuclear and particle physics and physics of multiparticle systems. Considerable attention is paid to the computational methods of quantum mechanics: perturbation theory, quasiclassical approximation, variational method, sudden impact approximation, adiabatic method. Two chapters (out of a total of 16) include problems on elementary quantum radiation theory and relativistic wave equations. These problems are a useful introduction to the study of quantum field theory and particle physics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[15] viXra:1911.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 02:10:03

Refutation of Differential Hoare Logics with Isabelle/hol

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

e evaluate the ordering of K essential to Kleene algebra with test (KAT). It is not tautologous, but the basis for other conjectures: differential dynamic logic (dL); differential Hoare logic; Morgan-style differential refinement calculus; “reasoning with evolution”; and verification conjectures formalized in Isabelle/HOL. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[14] viXra:1911.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 02:22:29

The Normalized Relativistic Factor: the Leonov's Factor

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages

Relativistic factor relate to the theory of relativity. The fact of the unification of the theory of relativity and quantum theory takes place in the theory of quantum gravitation as a part of the theory of Superunification [1, 2]. Therefore, it became possible for us to relate the region of relativism to quantum physics. The main problem of relativism is the problem of infinite values of mass and energy during the acceleration of an elementary particle to the speed of light. We solved this problem by introducing a normalized relativistic factor - the Leonov's factor which was introduced into theoretical physics after the discovery of the quanton in 1996. The normalized relativistic factor limits the upper limit of the mass and energy of relativistic particles and excludes infinity. So, a proton when reaching the speed of light should have a limited mass equal to the mass of an iron asteroid with a diameter of 1 km. When the speed of light is reached, the relativistic particle passes into the state of the relativistic black micro-hole, limiting its parameters.
Category: Quantum Physics

[13] viXra:1911.0013 [pdf] replaced on 2020-01-12 06:51:11

Special Relativity and the Lorentz Sphere

Authors: Stephen J. Crothers
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Special Theory of Relativity demands, by Einstein’s two postulates (i) the Principle of Relativity and (ii) the constancy of the speed of light in vacuum, that a spherical wave of light in one inertial system transforms, via the Lorentz Transformation, into a spherical wave of light (the Lorentz sphere) in another inertial system when the systems are in constant relative rectilinear motion. However, the Lorentz Transformation in fact transforms a spherical wave of light into a translated ellipsoidal wave of light even though the speed of light in vacuum is invariant. The Special Theory of Relativity is logically inconsistent and therefore invalid.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[12] viXra:1911.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 03:25:13

Evading Heisenberg Quantum Uncertainty

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 95 Pages.

EPFL researchers, with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and IBM Research-Zurich, unravel novel dynamics in the interaction between light and mechanical motion with significant implications for quantum measurements designed to evade the influence of the detector in the notorious 'back action limit' problem. [56] We don't have to get into what they claimed was the mechanism for destroying interference, because our experiment has shown there is an effect on the velocity of the particle, of just the size Heisenberg predicted. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[11] viXra:1911.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 04:05:21

Medical Center AI Infrastructure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

An artificial intelligence (AI) infrastructure developed at the Utrecht University Medical Center (UMC) has enabled easier deployment of AI algorithms and enhanced workflow in daily routine practice, according to a presentation given at the European Society of Medical Imaging Informatics (EuSoMII) annual meeting in Valenca, Spain. [26] A team from Heidelberg University Hospital and the German Cancer Research Centre has developed a new method for the automated image analysis of brain tumors. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[10] viXra:1911.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 04:38:08

On Quantum Field Theory and Gravitation

Authors: Paul R. Gerber
Comments: 9 Pages. Would also fit in category "Quantum Gravity (and String Theory)"

Quantum Field Theory is derived from the relativistic symmetry group, the Lorentz group (LG). Results presented here aim at a basic understanding rather then at treating specific systems. They include: • Categorizing field types in terms of irreducible representations of the LG (infinitely many) • A particular field type, "bosonic quark”, yielding a meson-type candidate for dark matter • Structure of spinor-type fields as 4-vector amplitudes • Flavor as consequence of the permutation group S3 for the three space dimensions • Spin-dynamics equations for general spinor types (spin propagation), yielding phase speeds smaller then one, for spin 1 upwards • Consequently, no free field solutions for spin 1 upwards (asymptotic freedom) • Identification of interaction as propagation of fields of equal transformation type (phase speed) • Gravitation as a consequence of the square-root-density (sqd) nature of fields (density-mediated propagation) • The gravitational field is the scalar field which is the only field that is affected by Lorentz transformations exclusively through its sqd property.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[9] viXra:1911.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 04:14:27

The Split-Collective Psychotropic State

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

Transcendentalism nihilism means that there is no more to transcendentalism than existential nihilism.
Category: Social Science

[8] viXra:1911.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 06:57:56

Perspectives on the Elimination of Cancer Cells Using Rhodochrosite Crystal Through Synchrotron Radiation, and Absorption the Tumoral and NonTumoral Tissues

Authors: Ricardo Gobato, Ibtihal Kadhim Kareem Dosh, Alireza Heidari, Abhijit Mitra, Marcia Regina Risso Gobato
Comments: 2 Pages. Ricardo Gobato, Ibtihal Kadhim Kareem Dosh, Alireza Heidari, Abhijit Mitra and Marcia Regina Risso Gobato. Perspectives on the Elimination of Cancer Cells Using Rhodochrosite Crystal Through Synchrotron Radiation, and Absorption the Tumoral ...

The rhodochrosite as crystal oscillator for being an alternative to those of quartz. The rhodochrosite (MnCO3) shows completesolid solution with siderite (FeCO3), and it may contain substantial amounts of Zn, Mg, Co, and Ca. There is no precedent in theliterature on the treatment of tumor tissues by eliminating these affected tissues, using rhodocrosite crystals in tissue absorption and eliminating cancerous tissues by synchrotron radiation. The infrared rhodochrosite spectrum of the vibration absorbance frequencies was obtained to verify that these frequencies should be used in synchrotron radiation, which can destroy cancerous cells by absorbing such crystals. Hartree-Fock methods also analyzed APT and Mulliken charges, verifying the main binding sites of Manganese, Oxygen and Carbon atoms in cancerous tumors. Later studies could check the advantages and disadvantages of rhodochrosite in the treatment of cancer through synchrotron radiation, such as one oscillator crystal. An in-depth study is necessary to verify the absorption by the tumoral and non-tumoral tissues of rhodochrosite, before and after irradiating of synchrotron radiation using Small–Angle X–Ray Scattering (SAXS), Ultra–Small Angle X–Ray Scattering (USAXS), Fluctuation X–Ray Scattering (FXS), Wide–Angle X–Ray Scattering (WAXS), Grazing–Incidence Small–Angle X–Ray Scattering (GISAXS), Grazing–Incidence Wide–Angle X–Ray Scattering (GIWAXS), Small–Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS), Grazing–Incidence Small–Angle Neutron Scattering (GISANS), X–Ray Diffraction (XRD), Powder X–Ray Diffraction (PXRD), Wide–Angle X–Ray Diffraction (WAXD), Grazing– Incidence X–Ray Diffraction (GIXD) and Energy–Dispersive X–Ray Diffraction (EDXRD.
Category: Biochemistry

[7] viXra:1911.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 07:10:41

Ulipristal Acetate Determination Using MBTH

Authors: Giri Prasad Gorumutchu1, Venkata Nadh Ratnakaram2, Kishore VNV3
Comments: 7 Pages.

A simple visible spectrophotometric method is proposed for the determination of ulipristal acetate present in bulk and tablet formulation. The currently proposed method is established based on MBTH oxidation by ferric ions to form an active coupling species (electrophile), followed by its coupling with the ulipristal in acidic medium to form high intensi��ied green colored chromophore having max at 609 nm. Validated the method as per the current guidelines of ICH. Beer’s law was obeyed in the concentration range of 6.25 – 37.50 g mL��1 with a high regression coef��icient (r > 0.999). Reproducibility, accuracy, and precision of the method are evident from the low values of R.S.D. This method can be used in quality control laboratories for routine analysis of ulipristal acetate in bulk drug and pharmaceutical dosage forms.
Category: Chemistry

[6] viXra:1911.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 07:31:17

Gravitational Diagram of a Non-Ideal Black Hole

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

In [1], we examined the parameters and properties of an ideal black hole. The ideal black holes characterized discontinuities of the quantized space-time on the surface of the black hole. Its formation is completed. Such a black hole is completely invisible. Non-ideal black holes do not have discontinuities of quantized space-time on the surface of a black hole. Its formation is not completed. Such a black hole has a visible glow due to the reflection of photons from its surface. We describe the state of a black hole by a system of equations in the form of a two-component solution of the Poisson equation for the quantum density of the medium and gravitational potentials. An analysis of the spherical deformation of quantized space-time allows us to look inside a black hole and describe its external gravitational field.
Category: Quantum Physics

[5] viXra:1911.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 07:48:42

Conduction Through Proteins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

In new research, Stuart Lindsay and his colleagues investigate a recently discovered feat carried out by enzymes, and most likely, all proteins. [23] An advanced imaging technique reveals new structural details of S-DNA, ladder-like DNA that forms when the molecule experiences extreme tension. [22] Histones are proteins that regulate the unwinding of DNA in the cell nucleus and the expression of genes based on chemical modifications or "marks" that are placed on their tails. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[4] viXra:1911.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 08:09:32

Hall Response in Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A few months ago, a team of researchers led by Louis Taillefer at the University of Sherbrooke measured the thermal Hall conductivity in several compounds of copper, oxygen and other elements that are also high-temperature superconductors known as 'cuprates.' [26] Now, a new study in the journal Nature by scientists from Spain, the U.S., China and Japan shows that superconductivity can be turned on or off with a small voltage change, increasing its usefulness for electronic devices. [25] Superconducting nanowires could be used as both targets and sensors for the direct detection of dark matter, physicists in Israel and the US have shown. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3] viXra:1911.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 08:24:40

Josephson Vortices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Josephson Vortices MIPT physicists have learned how to locally control Josephson vortices. The discovery can be used for quantum electronics superconducting devices and future quantum processors. [27] A few months ago, a team of researchers led by Louis Taillefer at the University of Sherbrooke measured the thermal Hall conductivity in several compounds of copper, oxygen and other elements that are also high-temperature superconductors known as 'cuprates.' [26] Now, a new study in the journal Nature by scientists from Spain, the U.S., China and Japan shows that superconductivity can be turned on or off with a small voltage change, increasing its usefulness for electronic devices. [25] Superconducting nanowires could be used as both targets and sensors for the direct detection of dark matter, physicists in Israel and the US have shown. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2] viXra:1911.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 09:10:26

In Twin prime Conjecture Constance 4/3

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 12 Pages.

I proved the Twin Prime Conjecture. However, a new problem of mystery with a Constance 4/3 occurred. I have studied this in various ways, but I don't know.
Category: Number Theory

[1] viXra:1911.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 10:34:11

Treatment of Urine

Authors: Ahmed Farghali Abdelrehim
Comments: 14 Pages. A World with an Unlimited Source of Water!

In most recent years, Egypt has been suffering from some grand challenges that disrupt its march of progress. Amongst all these challenges, the dilemma concerning water and agriculture has become worse than before and requires immediate resolution. Egypt depends on conventional water resources that face many problems due to over-consumption and pollution. The purpose of the study is to implement a practical solution related to treatment of wastewater and advanced irrigation water techniques. Therefore, it was decided to conduct an extensive research to find a suitable solution. By taking into account the prior solutions, it was obvious that the chosen solution, which is a urine treatment system provided with an Arduino based irrigation system, will be an ideal solution for water crisis in Egypt. A prototype was constructed with specific design requirements such as the quality of water and the efficiency of irrigation system. By testing the prototype, the results were more preferable than expected as it confirmed that the project fulfilled its design requirements. In conclusion, these promising results gave us a clue that this project will be so powerful on large scales in the near future.
Category: Chemistry