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1908 Submissions

[437] viXra:1908.0456 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 07:55:03

Star Collisions Measuring in the Lab

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

Collisions between neutron stars are fascinating cosmic events that lead to the formation of numerous chemical elements. [46] Physicists from ITMO University have developed a model of an optical tractor beam to capture particles based on new artificial materials. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42]
Category: Astrophysics

[436] viXra:1908.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 08:08:17

Rhodochrosite Optical Indicatrix

Authors: Ricardo Gobato, Marcia Regina Risso Gobato, Alireza Heidari, Abhijit Mitra
Comments: 2 Pages. Peer Res Nest. 2019 - 1(3) PNEST.19.08.020.

The name rhodochrosite is from the Greek ῤοδοχρωϛ (ῤοδο - rose + χρωϛ - color). It is said the inca rose designation is based on the “fact” that some of it comes from stalctitic and stalagmitic growths in silver mines worked by the ancient Incas. The electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials, such as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress, phenomenon called piezoelectricity. The electronic oscillator circuit that uses the mechanical resonance of a vibrating crystal of piezoelectric material to create an electrical signal with a precise frequency is a crystal oscillator. The most common type of piezoelectric resonator used is the quartz crystal, so oscillator circuits incorporating them became known as crystal oscillators.
Category: Condensed Matter

[435] viXra:1908.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 09:09:39

Mirror for Electron Beams

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Stacked layers of graphene can act like a mirror for beams of electrons. Physicists Daniël Geelen and colleagues discovered this using a new type of electron microscope. [24] Correlations between the radial positions and radial momenta of entangled pairs of photons have been measured for the first time by physicists in China, Canada and the US. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light particles non-destructively. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[434] viXra:1908.0453 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 09:50:23

Cuadrado Mágico de Orden 13

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 7 Pages.

Este documento demuestra el descubrimiento de patrones ocultos en los cuadrados mágicos, estos forman figuras geométricas sorprendentes Cuando reducimos los valores de un cuadrado mágico a los 9 principales dígitos, este forma 3 patrones. Dos opuestos complementarios, (estos se necesitan entre sí para lograr la armonía) y un tercero llamado equitativo el cual está organizado y en equilibrado en sí mismo
Category: General Mathematics

[433] viXra:1908.0452 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 09:56:53

The Modified Atomic Nucleus Model

Authors: Wan-Chung Hu
Comments: 1 Page.

The atomic nucleus should be made by neutrons and protons in one line alignment. They will be arranged as N-P-N-P-N-P or N-P-N-P-N to reduce the energy as low as it can. Neutrons and protons arrange in opposite magnetic field. Thus, protons can generate opposite magnetic field compared to neutrons. Thus, the two directions of the magnetic fields generated by protons and neutrons can let electrons to orbit the nucleus by forming two opposite directional standing waves.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[432] viXra:1908.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 10:05:27

Protocol for Quantum Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

In a new paper, Anupama Unnikrishnan, Ian MacFarlane, Richard Yi, Eleni Diamanti, Damian Markham, and Iordanis Kerenidis, from the University of Oxford, MIT, Sorbonne University, the University of Paris and CNRS, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[431] viXra:1908.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 11:24:58

Mapillary Based Plant Distributions of Ethnobotanical Afforestation.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages.

Abstract: Mapillary is an open-source code base for the use of GPU based Deep Learning for Semantic Segmentation of wild images. We propose the creation of an autonomous drone for the automated capture of scientific images of medicinal and edible plants to create geotagged maps of plants on Mapillary.com with additional tags on plant sizes, species, and edible and medicinal value. This information is used in the planning of sponsored five or more level afforestation as social and academic forestry for edible and medicinal value. The same research is also useful in planning afforestation on Mars. Keywords: Miyawakis, Mapillary, Seamless Segmentation, FPN, ResNet50, Redtail, Edible and Medicinal Plants, Geotag
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[430] viXra:1908.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 11:27:58

Refutation of Resolution-Based Decision Procedure for Two Variables with Equality

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate six equations and three conjectures for the decision procedure. None is tautologous. This refutes the procedure for two variables with equality, and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[429] viXra:1908.0448 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 12:37:04

Heavyweight Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

"In particular, our scheme predicts the existence of superheavy gravitinos, which-unlike the usual candidates and unlike the previously considered light gravitinos-would also interact strongly and electromagnetically with ordinary matter," says Hermann Nicolai. [29] Physicists in Italy are about to start up a new experiment designed to hunt for hypothetical particles such as the "dark photon" and carriers of a possible fifth force of nature. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[428] viXra:1908.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 12:55:33

Magnetic Field Evolves to Gravity Field, Part 2: Particles

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 8 Pages.

The characterization of magnetic fields around elementary particles is an extension of a project to model the gravitational field. The observation that the South Pole is slightly stronger than the North Pole as suggested in a previous experiment is confirmed. Each of the particles has a unique magnetic field lobes structure.
Category: Classical Physics

[427] viXra:1908.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 14:50:58

Predictions for Elementary Particles and Explanations for Astrophysics Data

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 59 pages

We suggest descriptions for new elementary particles, dark matter, and dark energy. We use those descriptions to explain data regarding dark matter effects, dark energy effects, and galaxy evolution. We use mathematics-based modeling that can feature objects and de-emphasize motion. The modeling, descriptions, and explanations embrace and augment traditional physics theory modeling.
Category: Astrophysics

[426] viXra:1908.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 19:12:23

Availability of Meth8/VŁ4 Demo for 2-Variables (P,q) with Unlimited Sequents

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

This is free on request from info@ersatz-systems.com. Please state name and organization to receive: Unrestricted m8_executable.exe; Instructions.txt with known anomalies; and Editable sample meth8_input_file.txt. The input file contains the shortest confirmation of McCune's proof of Huntington's equation: LETp, q:a, b. (~(~p+q)+~(~p+~q))=p ;TTTT TTTT TTTT TTTT From:Huntington's equation, Robbins algebra, Robbins equation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robbins_algebra ; Dahn, B. I. (1998). Abstract to "Robbins algebras are Boolean: a revision of McCune's computer-generated solution of Robbins problem," Journal of Algebra 208(2): 526–32; Mann, A.L. (2019). A complete proof of the Robbins conjecture. math.colgate.edu/~amann/MA/robbins_complete.pdf ; Robbins algebras are Boolean. calculemus.org/MathUniversalis/4/6robbins.html
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[425] viXra:1908.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 21:43:20

To Explain Gravity I Went Beyond the Planck Wall, to Ferent Wall and This Extraordinary Discovery Was Stolen from me

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 396 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“To explain Gravity I went beyond the Planck Wall, to Ferent Wall and this extraordinary discovery was Stolen from me” Adrian Ferent “At first the scientists ignore your discovery, and then they say it's wrong and then they steal it” Adrian Ferent “All Nobel Laureates were ignorant, thinking inside the Planck Universe; nobody was able before me to go beyond the Planck Wall” Adrian Ferent “Because Ferent Quantum Gravity is a new theory, I did not use References” Adrian Ferent “Scientists use References in their articles because they are not capable to discover New Theories” Adrian Ferent They Stole my theory, Ferent Quantum Gravity! Because Einstein Gravitation theory (GTR) is Wrong the Scientists, the professors Tommi Tenkanen from Johns Hopkins University, Avi Loeb from Harvard University start Stealing from Ferent Quantum Gravity where Dark Matter was First before Matter, where I discovered the Equation of the Dark Matter Universe! They say the same thing ‘Dark matter (DM) may have its origin in a pre-big-bang epoch, Dark Matter have its origin before Matter’! https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.061302 https://www.sciencealert.com/new-study-brings-receipts-to-demonstrate-dark-matter-may-be-older-than-the-big-bang?fbclid=IwAR2IU7KARSt6FlR1SXAnRFR7NPzz-QHTj5EpuvAq_pwfxtZlv2GYFP3CVCY They say: ‘Perhaps, they were particles that appeared in a very brief period of time, just fractions of fractions of a second, before the Big Bang’. I discovered: “Two important walls: The Ferent wall: here at time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s were created Dark Matter, Dark Photons and Gravitons. The Planck wall: here at time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created Matter and Photons” Adrian Ferent I calculated t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s that ‘very brief period of time’. I discovered the equation of the Dark Matter universe: “In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall emerged the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent “I discovered that: a < h < s” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:” Adrian Ferent Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Universe, material and spiritual m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k r1N – the position of Matter elementary particle N r2M – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle M r3L – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle L I discovered: “Because Black Holes are Dark Matter, Black Holes do not have temperature” Adrian Ferent How I was able to go beyond the Planck Wall? Conservation of Energy The law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system cannot change in time. Planck energy is nature’s maximum allowed matter energy for point-energy (quanta). “During the Big Bang, the Dark Matter energy at Ferent wall, is equal with the Planck energy at Planck Wall” Adrian Ferent Who else tried without success to go beyond the Planck Wall? The Bogdanov affair was an academic dispute regarding the legitimacy of a series of theoretical physics papers written by French twins Igor and Grichka Bogdanov, they proposed a theory for describing what occurred at and before the Big Bang. After 1 year of hard research I was able to go beyond the Planck wall and there was Dark Matter! I defined the Ferent wall and there started the Dark Matter universe and they Stole my research. Today all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain Dark Matter, they talk about Transparent matter because they can not see Dark Matter, they talk about Baryonic matter, Non-baryonic matter like axions, they talk about cold, warm or hot Dark Matte, about Spersymmetric Particles as Dark Matter…but NOT BEYOND THE PLANCK WALL. Now they Stole my theory and they went beyond the Planck wall! Before me nobody was able to think what is beyond Planck Wall. I discovered the equation of Dark Matter universe and I posted at all important universities, easy to Steal! If you do a Search on Google about ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ you can see my presentations in 2014, 2015… The professors from the peer–review journal did not Search about ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ because they do not know, do not understand how difficult is to go beyond the Planck Wall. To go beyond the Planck Wall it is the biggest discovery of the 21st century in my view, but it is not considered important by peer-review journals! When Einstein, Hawking, Feynman…were not capable to go ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ the professors from the peer–review journal did not ask the question: How these scientists who Stole my theory were capable to go ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’. That is why I did not post Ferent Quantum Gravity in peer–review journals! All my Articles Start in the last years with: “I discovered a new Gravitation theory which breaks the wall of Planck scale!” They stole this extraordinary discovery from me! Looks like next time the Scientists will Steal my Ferent Quantum Gravity based on Gravitons, they will Steal what the electron is, how the Sun was formed… “Because Ferent Quantum Gravity is a new theory, I did not use References” Adrian Ferent “Scientists use References in their articles because they are not capable to discover New Theories” Adrian Ferent “If you can not put your name on an equation you are not a scientist” Adrian Ferent “Working at Planck scale on Quantum gravity is not easy, that is why a lot of scientists in packs work on wrong Gravitation theories” Adrian Ferent 240. I am the first who discovered a new Gravitation theory ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’, started with Dark Matter at Ferent Wall and this extraordinary discovery was Stolen from me
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[424] viXra:1908.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 21:53:33

N-SAT in P with Non-Coherent Space Factorization

Authors: F.L.B. Périat
Comments: 7 Pages.

We know since Cook that Boolean satisfiability problems with at least three literals in each clauses are in NP and are NP-complete. With proving that 3-SAT (or more) is in P, corollary proves that P = NP. In this document, we explain how to find a SAT problem solution in polynomial complexity time.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[423] viXra:1908.0442 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 22:59:52

Refutation of Paraconsistent Logic on One Conjecture

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the seminal equivalence and replacement formula of paraconsistent logic, that one formula is equivalent to another in the sense that either can be substituted for the other wherever they appear as a subformula. It is not tautologous, and hence relegates paraconsistent logic to a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[422] viXra:1908.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 23:03:23

On Newtonian Dynamics with a Variable Earth Mass: Geodetic Evidence and Its Implications on Pioneer Spacecraft Anomaly and Lageos Satellite

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 9 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

The Earth expansion problem has attracted great interest, and recent study gives geodetic evidence that the Earth has been expanding, at least over the recent several decades. In the meantime, Jayant Narlikar & Halton Arp have argued on possible variable mass hypothesis cosmology (VMH). Therefore, in the present article discusses some interesting effects related to varying G, but here we argue that instead of varying G we can think of varying mass (M). Among other things we discuss receding planets from the Sun, calculation of Pioneer spacecraft anomaly as proposed by B.G. Sidharth, and also possible slight change in LAGEOS Satellite. Further observation to verify or refute this conjecture is recommended, especially based on geological evidence of expanding earth.
Category: Geophysics

[421] viXra:1908.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 23:05:24

An Explanation of Foucault Pendulum Leads to no-Shape Substance (Subquantum Aether) and Some Implications

Authors: Victor Christianto, Robert Neil Boyd, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 15 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

The present paper explains Foucault Pendulum experiment which leads to No-Shape Substance form of SQ Aether of Qi Ji. We also discuss some related phenomena. This paper can be viewed as a dialogue effort to find connection between the notion of aether by Western scientists in the past and No-Shape Substance by Qi Ji et al.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[420] viXra:1908.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-22 01:14:21

Superconducting Accelerator at Fermilab

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

It was a three-hour nighttime road trip that capped off a journey begun seven years ago. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive. [20]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[419] viXra:1908.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-22 01:55:51

Electron Pairing Found

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens. [29] It was a three-hour nighttime road trip that capped off a journey begun seven years ago. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[418] viXra:1908.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-22 02:21:02

World's Smallest Engine

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Theoretical physicists at Trinity College Dublin are among an international collaboration that has built the world's smallest engine—which, as a single calcium ion, is approximately ten billion times smaller than a car engine. [28] In a new paper, Anupama Unnikrishnan, Ian MacFarlane, Richard Yi, Eleni Diamanti, Damian Markham, and Iordanis Kerenidis, from the University of Oxford, MIT, Sorbonne University, the University of Paris and CNRS, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[417] viXra:1908.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-22 02:32:21

Balayage of Measures and Their Potentials: Duality Theorems and Extended Poisson-Jensen Formula

Authors: Bulat N. Khabibullin, Enzhe Menshikova
Comments: 19 Pages.

We investigate some properties of balayage of measures and their potentials on domains or open sets in finite-dimensional Euclidean space. Main results are Duality Theorems for potentials of balayage of measures, for Arens-Singer and Jensen measures and potentials, and also a new extended and generalized variant of Poisson-Jensen formula for balayage of measure and their potentials.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[416] viXra:1908.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-22 02:43:52

Streamline Fusion Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Stellarators, twisty machines that house fusion reactions, rely on complex magnetic coils that are challenging to design and build. [29] It was a three-hour nighttime road trip that capped off a journey begun seven years ago. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive. [20]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[415] viXra:1908.0434 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-21 08:37:00

A New Numerical Method for Multi-Roots Finding with the R Software

Authors: Kouider Mohammed Ridha
Comments: 5 Pages.

The most basic problem in numerical analysis (methods) is the root finding problem. In this paper we interesting in new numerical method which based on the Modified Bisection Method(MBM) referred to by Tanakan, (2013, [3]) superficially and didn't know her as a numerical method for finding the roots of a function. Hence in this study we define her as a new numerical method with error bound and the number iterations necessary. Finally we present a new MBM for multi-roots with the R software.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[414] viXra:1908.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 06:52:54

Etymology of the Russian Words Light and Darkness

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The probable etymology of these antonyms is considered
Category: Linguistics

[413] viXra:1908.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 06:53:06

Penetrating Laser Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Lastly, a work group in Montpellier observed that the HgCdTe compound actually emits terahertz waves when electric current is applied. [39] When exposed to intense laser pulses, the magnetization of a material can be manipulated very fast. [38] A new laser-pointing platform developed at MIT may help launch miniature satellites into the high-rate data game. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[412] viXra:1908.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 07:41:02

On the New Developments Concerning the Mock Theta Functions of Various Order. Further Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole Physics.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 161 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained further interesting mathematical connections with various Ramanujan’s Mock theta functions of order 8, order 7, order 6, order 2 and some sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole Physics.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[411] viXra:1908.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 10:05:01

Electrons as Gluons?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper offers some alternatives to the standard quark-gluon theory of nucleons and the nucleus. We readily admit these ideas are probably more fun than serious. However, we do invite the reader to think through it for himself, and we kindly request him to point out more inconsistencies – on top of the ones we identified ourselves – so as to further stimulate the ongoing quest for a realist model of nucleons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[410] viXra:1908.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 12:04:00

Black Holes with Tabletop Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

A research team from Osaka University, Nihon University and Chuo University has proposed a novel theoretical framework whose experiment could be performed in a laboratory to better understand the physics of black holes. [21] Answering the question "How did galaxies form and evolve during the 13.8-billion-year history of the universe?" has been one top issue in modern astronomy. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[409] viXra:1908.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 13:26:39

The Riemann Hypothesis Proof

Authors: Shekhar Suman
Comments: 9 Pages. Please read once

We take the integral representation of the Riemann Zeta Function over entire complex plane, except for a pole at 1. Later we draw an equivalent to the Riemann Hypothesis by studying its monotonicity properties.
Category: Number Theory

[408] viXra:1908.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 14:42:16

Refutation of the Hoop and Pocrim in Heyting Algebras

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 4 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate 14 equations for the hoop and pocrim in Heyting algebras as not tautologous. The methodology of using proof assistants Prover9 and Mace8 is also refuted. These artifacts form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[407] viXra:1908.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 15:02:57

Theta Waves in Treating Auditory Hallucinations Using Super-Conscious Meditation.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages.

Abstract: Theta waves, generated in intense 10 minute superconscious meditation has been known to reduce the incidence of auditory hallucinations in schizophrenics, in a study using the Muse Headset, a new era of personal EEG wearables, the author, over a period of 3 weeks has proven the efficacy of superconscious meditation in successfully preventing psychosis in schizophrenia spectrum disorder, in conjunction with stuffed toy based avatar therapy, meditation could work as a replacement for psychiatric medicines, which have harmful side effects and often increase the severity of symptoms, rather than heal them. Keywords: Schizophrenia, Auditory Hallucinations, EEG Wearables, Avatar Therapy, Theta Waves.
Category: Mind Science

[406] viXra:1908.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 15:10:57

The Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Shekhar Suman
Comments: 7 Pages.

Analytical continuation gives a functional equation having nice properties. Further we give an equivalence of riemann hypotheis through its monotonicity in specific intervals
Category: Number Theory

[405] viXra:1908.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 18:05:24

Light Velocity Effect On Solar System Geometry

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 21 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses (I) Light Velocity 1-There are 2 light velocities work in the solar system. Which are light known velocity (= 0.3mkm/sec) and light supposed velocity (=1.16 mkm/sec) 2-Light supposed velocity (1.16 mkm/sec) creates the distance by its motion (where Space = Energy) – 3-Planet Matter is created from the distance energy – that explains the relationship between Planet Matter (diameter or mass) with its orbital distance 4-Planet Matter is created from distance energy (Space =Energy) by relativistic effects help (specifically based on length contraction effect the distance energy give a birth for a matter) 5-Matter is relative to Light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec), (equation E=mc2 supports that). That's why our 5 senses (material senses) can't discover or realize any other light velocity than the known one (0.3mkm/sec) – and that's why the light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec) is the highest in our universe (Matter Universe) 6-Means… the light supposed velocity (1.16mkm/sec) is always around us but we can neither discover nor realize it because our senses are limited to the known one (0.3 mkm/sec) 7-Light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec) is produced from the original one (1.16 mkm/sec) (II) Energy Transportation 8-The Solar Group is created from one energy- this energy (light with supposed velocity 1.16 mkm/sec) creates Planets matters, orbital distances and the light known velocity (0.3mkm/sec) 9-The solar group is one trajectory of energy – and each planet is a point on this same trajectory – 10-That means the Energy is transported from point to another point through the solar system – and that explains Planets Data Dependency where all solar planets data is created relative to each other because they are created from one source (one energy) 11-Energy Transportation process should be a crucial proof for this theory –in this paper we should follow energy transportation process details to prove it. Primary Conclusion All Solar Planets Data Is Controlled By One Equation Only Because all planets data is created relative to each – where all data is created from the same source (the same energy) – i.e. All data is relative to each other and one Equation only controls all of them – i.e. (If I know this Equation and I know just Earth Diameter – as example-, based on this Equation I can conclude Uranus diameter, Mars axial tilt or even Pluto mass…. Any other data I can conclude this equation) In this Paper we follow the Energy Transportation process to prove it's a fact Also the paper tries to prove all previous hypotheses
Category: Astrophysics

[404] viXra:1908.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 20:07:39

Replication of the Keyword Extraction Part of the Paper "Without the Clutter of Unimportant Words": Descriptive Keyphrases for Text Visualization

Authors: Shibamouli Lahiri
Comments: 36 Pages.

"Keyword Extraction" refers to the task of automatically identifying the most relevant and informative phrases in natural language text. As we are deluged with large amounts of text data in many different forms and content - emails, blogs, tweets, Facebook posts, academic papers, news articles - the task of "making sense" of all this text by somehow summarizing them into a coherent structure assumes paramount importance. Keyword extraction - a well-established problem in Natural Language Processing - can help us here. In this report, we construct and test three different hypotheses (all related to the task of keyword extraction) that take us one step closer to understanding how to meaningfully identify and extract "descriptive" keyphrases. The work reported here was done as part of replicating the study by Chuang et al. [3].
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[403] viXra:1908.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 04:32:02

Ultraviolet Watching Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

A new technique developed by a team at MIT can map the complete electronic band structure of materials at high resolution. [24] Correlations between the radial positions and radial momenta of entangled pairs of photons have been measured for the first time by physicists in China, Canada and the US. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[402] viXra:1908.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 05:02:25

A Final Proof of The abc Conjecture

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 10 Pages. Comments welcome. Submitted to the Ramanujan Journal.

In this paper, we consider the abc conjecture. As the conjecture c<rad^2(abc) is less open, we give firstly the proof of a modified conjecture that is c<2rad^2(abc). The factor 2 is important for the proof of the new conjecture that represents the key of the proof of the main conjecture. Secondly, the proof of the abc conjecture is given for \epsilon \geq 1, then for \epsilon \in ]0,1[. We choose the constant K(\epsion) as K(\epsilon)=2e^{\frac{1}{\epsilon^2} } for $\epsilon \geq 1 and K(\epsilon)=e^{\frac{1}{\epsilon^2}} for \epsilon \in ]0,1[. Some numerical examples are presented.
Category: Number Theory

[401] viXra:1908.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 06:29:50

Quantum Internet Reality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[400] viXra:1908.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 07:18:13

Black Hole Swallowing Neutron Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Scientists, including from The Australian National University (ANU), say they have detected a black hole swallowing a neutron star for the first time. [10] Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8]
Category: Astrophysics

[399] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-20 07:26:11

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 4 Pages. Typos corrected and text expanded. Final fersion.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed ‘brain-controlled cold plasma’ (BCCP).
Category: Quantum Physics

[398] viXra:1908.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 09:50:51

God and Mathematical Beauty IV

Authors: Johannes Abdus Salam
Comments: 1 Page.

I discovered an evidence of the existence of God as the mathematically beautiful equality of the Euler product.
Category: Number Theory

[397] viXra:1908.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 10:27:26

Precession Cycle Effect

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 15 Pages.

Earth orbital distance =149.6 mkm – the light (0.3mkm/sec) needs around 500 seconds to pass this distance… Why? Paper Hypotheses Because (1)Solar Group is one Trajectory of Energy – through which the Energy transports from point to another (2)Pluto sends The Energy To Earth (3)Pluto motion depends on a period =500 seconds – using by light beam with velocity =1.16 mkm/sec (4)Earth motion depends on a period =500 seconds – using by light beam with velocity =0.3 mkm/sec (5)The period 500 seconds is sent with Pluto energy to Earth (6)The sending energy causes Pluto and Earth data harmony The paper tries to prove these facts
Category: Astrophysics

[396] viXra:1908.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 10:52:03

Basque Language and the Graphical Law

Authors: Anindya Kumar Biswas
Comments: 19 Pages.

We study a Basque to English dictionary. We draw in the natural logarithm scale, number of words starting with a letter vs rank of the letter, both normalised. We find that the graphs are closer to the curves of reduced magnetisation vs reduced temperature for various approximations of Ising model.
Category: Linguistics

[395] viXra:1908.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 11:11:26

Cauchy's Integral Formula and Simple Proof

Authors: Atabey Mahmudov
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this article, we introduce Cauchy's integral formula and proving by using analiticity of function inside of disk
Category: Functions and Analysis

[394] viXra:1908.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 13:46:58

Quantum Tensor Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Tensor networks take a central role in quantum physics as they can provide an efficient approximation to specific classes of quantum states. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[393] viXra:1908.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 14:04:20

Ions Scaled-Up Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Scientists at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) have been steadily improving the performance of ion trap systems, a leading platform for future quantum computers. [34] Tensor networks take a central role in quantum physics as they can provide an efficient approximation to specific classes of quantum states. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[392] viXra:1908.0410 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 23:08:34

Sagnac Effect on Inertial Motion

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 2 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications

Wang, Zheng, and Yao carried out an experiment in 2004 to determine if the Sagnac effect can be applied to the inertial motion. Their experiment showed that there was indeed phase difference between the two light beams passing through the same optical fiber in inertial motion. However, the focus of their experiment was on the rest frame of the light source. They did not realize that the time difference from the phase difference should exist in all reference frames. The difference in the elapsed time taken by two light beams to pass through the linear fiber segment in the rest frame of the segment effectively corresponds to the speed difference between two light beams. The Sagnac effect in inertial motion provides a precise experimental evidence that the speed of light is different in a different reference frame.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[391] viXra:1908.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 00:50:18

Can the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation be Doppler Shifted Light from Receding Superluminal Galaxies ?

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper we propose a new idea that the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation ( CMBR ) could be Doppler shifted light from receding superluminal distant galaxies. One immediate objection to this idea is that superluminal velocities do not exist in nature. However, we know that superluminal galaxies have already been observed. Moreover, in my recent paper entitled " Absolute Motion, Light Speed Limit, Superluminal Galaxies and Star Light Bending " , I have shown how absolute motion, light speed limit and superluminal galaxies can co-exist in the universe. Hubble's law also predicts superluminal galaxies at sufficiently large distances. A new exponential law of Doppler effect is introduced: λ' = λ eV/c and f ' = f e -V/c , where e is Euler's constant. Using the new law of Doppler effect, CMBR frequency and Hubble's law we estimate the distance and speed of the superluminal galaxies the CMBR radiation is mainly coming from.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[390] viXra:1908.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 00:57:26

Lab-Based Dark Energy Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

An experiment to test a popular theory of dark energy has found no evidence of new forces, placing strong constraints on related theories. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium-the vast, largely empty space between galaxies-to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far-and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[389] viXra:1908.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 01:15:36

Proteins Smart Interaction

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Now an ETH research group has for the first time isolated and studied all the key proteins involved in this process, laying the foundation for investigating many diseases. [38] Cancer that has spread to the central nervous system is notoriously difficult to treat. Now, UCLA researchers have developed a drug delivery system that breaks through the blood-brain barrier in order to reach and treat cancer that has spread to the central nervous system. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34] Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology-OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32] Washington State University researchers for the first time have shown that they can use electrical fields to gain valuable information about the tiny, floating vesicles that move around in animals and plants and are critically important to many biological functions. [31] Finding a fast and inexpensive way to detect specific strains of bacteria and viruses is critical to food safety, water quality, environmental protection and human health. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[388] viXra:1908.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 02:04:25

Physicochemical and Thermal Characterization of Ascorbic Acid: Impact of Biofield Energy Treatment

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) acts as an antioxidant and plays a vital role in maintaining good health. The study was designed with the aim to determine the influence of the Trivedi Effect® on the various properties of ascorbic acid by using the modern analytical techniques. The study sample was divided into two parts. The first part was considered as control (no treatment), while the second part was termed as the Biofield Energy Treated sample and it was treated with the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak. The PXRD peak intensities and the crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -67.75% to 1059.21% and -29.41% to 271.10% respectively, whereas the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 50.67% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The particle size analysis of the treated ascorbic acid was reduced by 8.23% (d10), 22.07% (d50), 11.64% (d90), and 15.81% {D(4,3)} and the surface area was increased by 15.38% as compared to the untreated sample. The weight loss was 20.57%; however, the residue amount was significantly increased by 573.99% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperatures were increased by 0.58% and 4.93%, respectively, of the treated sample compared to the control sample. The decomposition temperature was decreased by 4.17%; however, the ΔHfusion and ΔHdecomposition were increased by 9.13% and 110.60%, respectively of the treated sample compared to the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment showed the possible formation of a new polymorph of ascorbic acid that may show better solubility, dissolution, and bioavailability, as well as more thermally stable compared to the control sample. Hence, it might be advantageous to use the Biofield Energy Treated ascorbic acid in various nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations to improve their efficacy.
Category: Biochemistry

[387] viXra:1908.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 02:05:06

Evaluation of Stress Biomarkers after Oral Administration of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Novel Herbomineral Formulation in Male Sprague Dawley Rats

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

The study aim was to investigate the anti-stress effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated test formulation using behavioral tests, hormonal levels and antioxidants in male Sprague Dawley rats. The test formulation was divided into two parts, one was represented as control, while the other was treated with Biofield Energy by Mr. Mahendra Kumar Trivedi (The Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing) and defined as the Biofield Energy Treated sample. OFT data showed the frequency of total square-cross was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) increased by 49.11% in the animals per se received Biofield Energy Treatment (-15 days) (G6) compared to stress control (G2). Freezing time was significantly (p ≤ 0.01) reduced by 21.48%, 43.79%, 42.79%, 44.79%, and 58.21% in the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (G5), G6, Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (-15 days) (G7), Biofield Energy Treated animals with Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (-15 days) (G8) and Biofield Energy Treatment per se to animals plus untreated test formulation (G9), respectively compared to G2. Defecation was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) decreased by 92.01% in the G8 compared to G2. Urination was significantly reduced by 53.19% and 46.81% in the G8 and G9, respectively compared to G2. FST showed the number of climbing was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) increased by 37.5%, 70.83%, 50%, 102.17%, and 68.83% in the G5, G6, G7, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. Swimming time was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) increased by 30.09%, 70%, 17.66%, 83%, and 100% in the G5, G6, G7, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. The resting time was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) decreased by 21.54%, 50%, 55%, and 63% in the G5, G6, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. Corticosterone was significantly decreased by 29%, 26%, 31%, and 36% in the G5, G6, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. Testosterone was significantly increased by 275% (p ≤ 0.05), 83%, 70%, 181%, and 164% in the G5, G6, G7, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. SOD was significantly (p ≤ 0.001) increased by 15%, 53%, 57%, 61%, and 58% in the G5, G6, G7, G8, and G9, respectively compared to G2. Further, CAT was significantly increased by 19% and 14% in the G5 and G6, respectively compared to G2. Overall, data suggest that Biofield Energy Treatment per se and Biofield Energy Treated test formulation have significant anti-stress activity and could be utilized in various stress related disorders like asthma, obesity, diabetes, headaches, depression and anxiety, gastrointestinal problems, Alzheimer’s disease, accelerated aging, and premature death.
Category: Biochemistry

[386] viXra:1908.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 02:05:51

Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Cefazolin Sodium

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Cefazolin sodium is a broad-spectrum first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic useful for the treatment of many bacterial infections. The aim of this research work was to estimate the impact of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of cefazolin using the modern analytical technique. Cefazolin sample was divided into control and treated parts. No Biofield Energy Treatment was provided to the control part of cefazolin; whereas, the treated part received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a distinguished Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The particle size values in the treated cefazolin were significantly increased by 11.44%(d10), 3.15%(d50), 2.35%(d90), and 2.42%{D(4,3)}; hence, the specific surface area was decreased by 4.54% compared to the control sample. The evaporation and decomposition temperature of the treated cefazolin was increased by 27.56% and 0.12%, respectively; however, the latent heat of evaporation and latent heat of decomposition was significantly altered by 1151.8% and -53.75%, respectively compared to the control cefazolin. The total weight loss was decreased by 6.57%, but the residue amount was significantly increased by 137.5% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature of the 1st and 2nd peak was significantly altered by 5.58% and -28.66% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have introduced a new polymorphic form of cefazolin which may offer better powder flowability, smooth surface, and good thermal stability compared with the untreated sample. The treated cefazolin would be a more efficacious pharmaceutical formulation against cellulitis, urinary and respiratory tract infections, pneumonia, endocarditis, joint infection, genital infections, blood infections, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[385] viXra:1908.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 02:18:13

Unishox Guaranteed Compression for Short Unicode Strings

Authors: Arundale Ramanathan
Comments: 15 Pages.

A new hybrid encoding method is proposed, with which short unicode strings could be compressed using context aware pre-mapped codes and delta coding resulting in surprisingly good ratios.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[384] viXra:1908.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 04:45:45

Merging Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

In a new paper based on Ilustris simulated images of merger galaxies, the astronomers present a way to help identify when imaged systems are mergers. [11] Scientists, including from The Australian National University (ANU), say they have detected a black hole swallowing a neutron star for the first time. [10] Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9]
Category: Astrophysics

[383] viXra:1908.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 05:05:24

Three-Dimensional Quantum Hall Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

The quantum Hall effect (QHE), which was previously known for two-dimensional (2-D) systems, was predicted to be possible for three-dimensional (3-D) systems by Bertrand Halperin in 1987, but the theory was not proven until recently by researchers from the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) and their research collaborators from around the globe. [12] Using ultracold atoms trapped in a periodically modulated two-dimensional superlattice potential, the scientists could observe a dynamical version of a novel type of quantum Hall effect that is predicted to occur in four-dimensional systems. [11] Using two types of "designer" quantum dots, researchers are creating double-pane solar windows that generate electricity with greater efficiency and create shading and insulation for good measure. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[382] viXra:1908.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 05:33:04

Photons Entangled Quantum States

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Correlations between the radial positions and radial momenta of entangled pairs of photons have been measured for the first time by physicists in China, Canada and the US. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light particles non-destructively. [22] A study by the Quantum Technologies for Information Science (QUTIS) group of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has produced a series of protocols for quantum sensors that could allow images to be obtained by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance of single biomolecules using a minimal amount of radiation. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[381] viXra:1908.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 05:59:18

Earth's Energy Budget Beyond of Standard Model of Physics

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 6 Pages.

As mainstream do not account for “charge field” and vortical level of matter, it’s geophysical constructions remain infertile and necessary connected to chaos theory. A broader shematic look to problem is proposed. Coincidence of Carrington event with start of what mainstream call “geomagnetic pole shift” become more logical. Also acceleration of this shift in recent years. Underlying mechanics for this connection however remain obscure.
Category: Climate Research

[380] viXra:1908.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 08:15:15

Optofluidic Nanopore Smart Gate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A new chip-based platform developed by researchers at UC Santa Cruz integrates nanopores and optofluidic technology with a feedback-control circuit to enable an unprecedented level of control over individual molecules and particles on a chip for high-throughput analysis. [26] The ability to observe how life works at a nanoscale level is a grand challenge of our time. [25] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have now discovered how a protein called LMI1 can control leaf growth and shape. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17]
Category: Physics of Biology

[379] viXra:1908.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 08:34:36

Nano-Sized Cellular Process

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Nanometers are one billionth of a meter, a metric typically used to measure molecules and scientific building blocks not visible to the human eye. [27] A new chip-based platform developed by researchers at UC Santa Cruz integrates nanopores and optofluidic technology with a feedback-control circuit to enable an unprecedented level of control over individual molecules and particles on a chip for high-throughput analysis. [26] The ability to observe how life works at a nanoscale level is a grand challenge of our time. [25] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have now discovered how a protein called LMI1 can control leaf growth and shape. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18]
Category: Physics of Biology

[378] viXra:1908.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 09:09:45

Carbon Dots Cancer Treatment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

A pioneering new technique that could make light-based cancer treatment more effective and safer for patients, while reducing its cost, has been developed by researchers from the University of Sheffield. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[377] viXra:1908.0395 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 09:57:14

God and Mathematical Beauty II

Authors: Johannes Abdus Salam, Addie bint Ishak
Comments: 1 Page.

We discovered an evidence of the existence of God as the mathematically beautiful equality of Gaussian integral.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[376] viXra:1908.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 10:03:41

Mimotope Variation Analysis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology-OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32] Washington State University researchers for the first time have shown that they can use electrical fields to gain valuable information about the tiny, floating vesicles that move around in animals and plants and are critically important to many biological functions. [31] Finding a fast and inexpensive way to detect specific strains of bacteria and viruses is critical to food safety, water quality, environmental protection and human health. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[375] viXra:1908.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 10:08:45

Compton Scattering Not Well Verified

Authors: Chan Rasjid Kah Chew
Comments: 6 Pages.

Compton scattering cannot yet be said to have been verified beyond any doubt. The only verification experiment performed is still the original experiment of A.H.Compton from 1922. To date, there is not another experiment done to corroborate the 1922 findings. There are modern experiments done in the laboratories of today’s universities to verify Compton scattering with γ-ray sources from radionuclides where the energies of the rays are measured with NaI scintillation detectors or germanium detectors. Such experiments are shown to be invalid as the result that shows clear agreement with the theory is all due to the calibration of the detectors and nothing besides. Furthermore, a verification that the inverse of energy 1/E varying linearly with (1 − cos θ) is insufficient as a verification of the full Compton scattering formula for wavelength changes. A proper verification requires verifying the wavelength formula where the wavelength is measured directly.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[374] viXra:1908.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 15:40:31

Unified Principles of Nature: Solution to the "Problem of Time” II

Authors: Manfred U.E.Pohl
Comments: 6 Pages.

Within the first article „Solution to the Problem of Time“ [1] the author explored the origin of time and suggested the Unified Priciples of Nature that must be applied in order to unify Quantum Gravity and General Relativity without contradiction. To emphasis the urging conclusion out of the Solution to the „Problem of Time“ the author summarize in this paper the claim to reintroduce rational thought and argument in science in order to solve pressing problems in human society. Science must consider the Scientific God to unite Quantum Theroy and General Relativity into a theory that can describe and predict reality.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[373] viXra:1908.0391 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 16:34:48

Publications and Closure Theorems.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: We consider the world of scientific publications, from their journey of inception in an editor to a publication server like the DOI server. Publications live in an interactive fiction universe of text and hyper-media. We define closure operations on Camera streams, IF based Rooms and arrays of publication urls. Since we believe in open science and technology, the publications are not subjected to undue scrutiny, judgement and review by peers. They find freedom in an open repository. Formal theory of closure theorems are presented. Keywords: Publication Space, Camera Readiness, Interactive Fiction, Open Publishing, OCR, Digital Repositories, Closure Theorems, Isomorphism, Homeomorphism
Category: General Mathematics

[372] viXra:1908.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 17:03:48

Cuadrado Mágico de Orden 7

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 6 Pages. Idioma Español

Este documento demuestra el descubrimiento de patrones ocultos en los cuadrados mágicos, estos forman figuras geométricas sorprendentes Cuando reducimos los valores de un cuadrado mágico a los 9 principales dígitos, este forma 3 patrones. Dos opuestos complementarios, (estos se necesitan entre sí para lograr la armonía) y un tercero llamado equitativo el cual está organizado y en equilibrado en sí mismo.
Category: General Mathematics

[371] viXra:1908.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 19:31:04

Space, and the Propagation of Light

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this paper, theoretical uncertainties fuelled by ad-hoc fixes of theory to explain observed astrophysical anomalies using models upholding the idea of space being a field of potential inertia for bodies in relative motion are discussed. A few of the basic discussion points include determining the difference between scientific space and mathematical space, the cosmic expansion of space, the ad-hoc theoretical localised effect of gravity in galaxies, and the need to use ideas such as dark matter and dark energy. This paper takes the current uncertainties and ad-hoc theoretical fixes in astrophysics theory and places those uncertainties and ad-hoc theoretical fixes together with the aim of determining the root cause of all the general anomalies, here in this paper identified as the idea of labelling space with “inertia”. Then, a general idea of space, more universal than contemporary theories hold, is presented, and demonstrated to uphold all observed astrophysical data. The general “fix” proposed here is a new theory for space, joining both the contemporary scientific and mathematical notions of space in the one construct without using the idea of “inertia”. To achieve this task, a general review of astrophysical data is presented, and each theoretical step used in history to explain that observed astrophysical data, while along the process here making mention both the uncertainty and the ad-hoc theoretical fix being used. all leading to “one” fundamental key oversight in physics theory, prompting the general fix to the standard model. Finally, a new landscape of the universe as a model is presented bearing reference to this new appraisal of space, further shedding light on the previous series of papers [1-10].
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[370] viXra:1908.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 22:30:24

God and Mathematical Beauty III

Authors: Addie bint Ishak
Comments: 1 Page.

I discovered an evidence of the existence of God as the mathematically beautiful equality of the sum of all natural numbers.
Category: General Mathematics

[369] viXra:1908.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 23:12:59

Power Transmission with Wire Antennas

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 2 Pages.

A power transfer system is designed with wire antennas. There are three wires, which are transmitter, receiver, and counterpoise. The counterpoise wire is placed between the transmitter and receiver to modify the electric field between transmitter and receiver so that the transmitter current is reduced and the transfer efficiency is increased.
Category: Classical Physics

[368] viXra:1908.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 23:38:52

Life and Death as Antonyms

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

An example of origin of antonyms is reviewed
Category: Linguistics

[367] viXra:1908.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 01:32:50

Nano-Sized Factories for Biotech

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34] Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology—OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[366] viXra:1908.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 02:32:39

Absolute Motion, Light Speed Limit, Superluminal Galaxies and Star Light Bending

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper we assert that absolute motion is not motion relative to the hypothetical ether. Absolute motion is fundamentally motion of a body relative to all matter in the universe. Hence absolute motion does exist but the ether doesn't exist. The ether has been disproved by the Michelson-Morley experiment and the Arago and the Airy star light refraction and aberration experiments. On the other hand, absolute motion has been detected in the Silvertooth, the CMBR anisotropy, the Marinov, the Roland De Witte and other experiments. We show how this view of absolute motion can also be compatible with the observed phenomena of light speed limit, superluminal galaxies. We show that star light deflection near the Sun doesn't exist.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[365] viXra:1908.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 02:32:58

Stronger Graphene Oxide Paper

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

A new study from Northwestern University researchers shows that better GO "paper" can be made by mixing strong, solid GO flakes with weak, porous GO flakes. [48] This research was supported by the Institute for Basic Science, and has been published in the journal Advanced Materials. [47] The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46]
Category: Condensed Matter

[364] viXra:1908.0381 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-21 00:47:54

Proof of the Riemann Hypothesis(really Final)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 7 Pages.

I treat Riemann hypothesis as a series and proved it. Up to now, I have tried to expand this equation and prove Riemann hypothesis with the equation of cos, sin, but the proof was impossible. However, I realized that a simple formula before expansion can prove it.
Category: Number Theory

[363] viXra:1908.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 03:00:37

Nanoscale Drug Delivery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34] Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[362] viXra:1908.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 03:20:57

Nanotechnology Stem Cell Transplantation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34]
Category: Physics of Biology

[361] viXra:1908.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 03:43:28

Nanomembrane Wearable Human Interfaces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Wearable electronic human-machine interfaces (HMIs) are an emerging class of devices to facilitate human and machine interactions. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35] The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. [34] Among these different testing systems, there is the Mimotope Variation Analysis (MVA) developed and patented by the Estonian biotechnology company Protobios which has never been used in the framework of biomaterial assessment before. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology-OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32] Washington State University researchers for the first time have shown that they can use electrical fields to gain valuable information about the tiny, floating vesicles that move around in animals and plants and are critically important to many biological functions. [31] Finding a fast and inexpensive way to detect specific strains of bacteria and viruses is critical to food safety, water quality, environmental protection and human health. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[360] viXra:1908.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 03:57:28

Nanocapsule Reaches Nervous Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Cancer that has spread to the central nervous system is notoriously difficult to treat. Now, UCLA researchers have developed a drug delivery system that breaks through the blood-brain barrier in order to reach and treat cancer that has spread to the central nervous system. [37] Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, other neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system injuries. [36] Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[359] viXra:1908.0376 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-21 05:40:39

World Health Concern

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 4 Pages.

In an attempt to preserve a sustainable living and care standard, marginal groups implemented tactics on the borderline to the extreme.
Category: Social Science

[358] viXra:1908.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:31:36

The Effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on Physico-chemical and Thermal Properties of 6-Mercaptopurine

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 11 Pages.

6-Mercaptopurine is an antimetabolite antineoplastic agent. The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on physicochemical and thermal properties of 6-mercaptopurine using the modern analytical technique. The 6-mercaptopurine sample was divided into two parts, one part of mercaptopurine was considered as a control sample, while the other part was subjected to the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and termed as a treated sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -63.38% to 3.85% and -55.26% to 228.26%, respectively, whereas the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 8.16% in the treated mercaptopurine compared with the control sample. The particle size values were significantly decreased by 26.63% (d10), 24.43% (d50), 17.56% (d90), and 21.41% [D (4,3)] and the specific surface area was significantly increased by 38.57% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion was significantly increased by 49.97% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The total weight loss was decreased by 11.45%; whereas the residue amount was significantly increased by 160.07% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The results indicated that the Trivedi Effect® might lead to the generation of a new polymorphic form of mercaptopurine which would offer better solubility, absorption, and bioavailability compared with the control sample, which would be useful in designing novel pharmaceutical formulations for the better therapeutic responses against leukemia, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[357] viXra:1908.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:32:47

Immunomodulatory Effect of Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Based Herbomineral Formulation

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Complementary medicines are accepting world-wide and are used extensively due to its safe and non-toxic nature. The aim of the study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory potential of the Biofield Energy Treated (known as The Trivedi Effect®) novel proprietary formulation and Biofield Energy Treatment per se on male rats. The formulation was divided into two parts, one part was defined as the untreated test formulation, while the other part was treated with the Biofield Energy by Mahendra Kumar Trivedi and denoted as the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation. Experimental groups (G) included G1 with normal control, G2 with disease control, G3 with the treatment of levamisole (positive control), G4 with untreated test formulation, G5 received Biofield Treated test formulation, G6 consisted of Biofield Energy Treatment per se to animals (-15 days), G7 received Biofield Treated test formulation from day -15, G8 has received Biofield Energy Treatment per se to animals along with Biofield Treated test formulation from day -15, and G9 received Biofield Energy Treatment per se to animals with the untreated test formulation. The results showed that primary antibody titer value was significantly increased by 60%, 63.33%, 33.33%, and 20% in the G6, G7, G8, and G9 groups, respectively compared with the G2. However, secondary antibody titer values were significantly increased by 50%, 37.5%, 37.5%, and 12.5% in the G6, G7, G8, and G9 groups, respectively compared with the G2. Delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction showed significant increase level of rat paw volume by 86.36%, 30.68%, and 14.77% in the G5, G6, and G7 groups, respectively compared with the G2. Additionally, the platelet count was significantly increased by 11.96% in G6 compared to G2. The level of uric acid was significantly reduced by 64.29% in G7 compared to G2. Further, levels of calcium and phosphorous were significantly increased by 19.16% and 14.92%, respectively in the G9 compared to the G2. Moreover, the level of magnesium was significantly increased by 13.11% and 10.66% in G4 and G9 groups, respectively compared to G2. Overall, data suggests that the Biofield Treatment per se (The Trivedi Effect®) and Biofield Treated test formulation have shown significant immunomodulatory action as compared with the untreated product and unblessed rats. Therefore, the Biofield Treatment could be utilised against various immuno-related disorders such as neutropenia, asplenia, trauma, sickle cell anemia, multiple myeloma, chronic lymphoid leukemia, stress, aging, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[356] viXra:1908.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:33:37

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Effect of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on Physicochemical Behaviour of Silver Sulfadiazine

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Silver sulfadiazine is a topical antibiotic used on burnt tissues to prevent infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of silver sulfadiazine using PXRD, PSA, DSC, and TGA/DTG analysis. Silver sulfadiazine sample was divided into two parts. One part was considered as a control sample, which did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment. The second part received the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton, termed as the treated sample. The PXRD analysis exhibited that the peak intensities of the treated silver sulfadiazine were significantly decreased from 14.5% to 54.5% compared with the control sample. The crystallite sizes of the treated sample were significantly altered from -48.9% to 6.4% compared to the control sample. The average crystallite size of the Biofield Energy Treated sample was found to be decreased by 13.99% as compared to the control sample. The particle sizes of the treated silver sulfadiazine were decreased significantly by 6.64% at d10 followed by d50 (-1.37%), d90 (-0.55%) and D(4,3) (-2.44%) compared to the control sample. The specific surface area of treated silver sulfadiazine was increased profoundly 11.23% compared to the control sample. The total weight loss was increased by 10.73%; whereas, the residue amount was decreased by 16.49% in the treated silver sulfadiazine compared with the control sample. Thus, the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might lead to generate a new polymorphic form of silver sulfadiazine which would be more soluble, and bioavailable compared with the untreated sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treated silver sulfadiazine would be very useful to design more efficacious pharmaceutical formulations which might offer a better therapeutic response on the derma against bacteria and superficial and partial thickness burn injuries.
Category: Biochemistry

[355] viXra:1908.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:34:08

Spectroscopic and Calorimetric Evaluation of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Metronidazole

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Metronidazole is an antibiotic and used for the treatment of the diseases caused by the anaerobic bacteria and protozoa. The aim of this research work was to estimate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical, thermal behavior of metronidazole using modern analytical techniques. The test sample metronidazole was divided into two parts. One part of the sample did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment and called as a control sample. While the other part was received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values in the treated metronidazole powder sample were significantly decreased by 25.47% (d10), 12.96% (d50), 11.16% (d90), and 13.49% {D (4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 33.21% compared to the control sample. The powder XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated powder sample were significantly altered ranging from -43.4% to 396.77% and -67.47% to 187.56%, respectively; whereas, the average crystallite size was significantly decreased by 13.16% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion and latent heat of decomposition were significantly increased by 14.44% and 23.39%, respectively in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The weight loss was decreased by 1.49%; hence the residue amount was significantly increased by 65.2% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature was increased by 3.04% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have generated a new polymorphic form of metronidazole which may offer better solubility, dissolution rate, absorption, bioavailability, therapeutic efficacy, and thermal stability compared with the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treated metronidazole sample would be more efficacious pharmaceutical formulations for the treatment of the infections in the vagina, stomach, liver, skin, joints, brain, and respiratory tract, aspiration pneumonia, fungating wounds, rosacea, amoebiasis, periodontitis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[354] viXra:1908.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:35:13

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Impact of Consciousness Healing Treatment on the Characteristic Properties of Sulfamethoxazole

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Sulfamethoxazole is the sulfonamide class of antibiotic that acts as a bacteriostatic agent against various bacteria. The current study was aimed to analyze the impact of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on various properties of sulfamethoxazole by using different modern analytical techniques. For this, the sample was first divided into two parts, followed by considering one part as a control sample (no treatment was given). The second part was named as the Biofield Energy Treated sample that was remotely given the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak. The particle size values were reduced by 14.35%(d10), 8.93%(d50), 7.84%(d90), and 9.24%{D(4,3)}; therefore, the specific surface area was increased by 9.68% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -68.71% to 40.38% and -31.58% to 169.60%, respectively; however, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 9.49% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The residue weight and maximum thermal degradation temperature were increased by 2.12% and 3.25%, respectively in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The decomposition temperature, latent heat of fusion, and latent heat of decomposition were significantly increased by 11.44%, 48.27%, and 22.59%, respectively in the treated sample compared to the control sample. Thus, the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treated sulfamethoxazole might have formed a new polymorph with reduced particle size and improved surface area and thermal stability. Hence, the use of the treated sulfamethoxazole might be more beneficial in terms of improved solubility, absorption, bioavailability, stability and also for designing the more efficacious pharmaceutical formulations for the treatment and prevention of various bacterial diseases, i.e., ear infections, urinary tract infections, shigellosis, traveler’s diarrhea, bronchitis, and pneumocystis-type of pneumonia, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[353] viXra:1908.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 05:51:52

Origin Geopathic and Technogenic Radiations and Mechanism Their Influence on Health

Authors: Korniienko V/, Viculin I.
Comments: 12 Pages. In Russian

The origin of the geopathic radiations (GR) scientifically isn't proved, but it is known that their influence causes diseases. The experiments made by us demonstrate that S-radiations, which at deformation are generated by any matter have the same properties. Their origin is caused by the fact that interaction of energies of the fundamental particles of which matter consists create in it the quantum electromagnetic field (QEF). Therefore deformation of matter causes indignation of its QEF in the form of quantum electromagnetic waves which are S-radiations. The globe is subject to influence of various forces which deform its matter therefore its QEF generates the S-radiations known as GR. Existence in matter of QEF cause also property of electric generators together with electric current to develop quantum currents. Technique will transform them to technogenic S-radiations which influence, as well as GR, causes diseases therefore it is offered to protect from them people.
Category: Condensed Matter

[352] viXra:1908.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 07:14:23

Black Hole - Neutron Star Merger Spotted

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7]
Category: Astrophysics

[351] viXra:1908.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 10:37:27

Expanded Ion Beams Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A Purdue University analytical chemistry group has developed a new device to help generate intense beams of large ions, which can be used for the fabrication of energy storage devices, optical coatings, purification of proteins and metabolites from complex biological samples, and nanoclusters from reaction mixtures. [32] Excess heat given off by smartphones, laptops and other electronic devices can be annoying, but beyond that it contributes to malfunctions and, in extreme cases, can even cause lithium batteries to explode. [31] Scientists have visualised the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[350] viXra:1908.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 11:00:41

Matter Creation Principle (Part V)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

Paper Main Idea: -Light with velocity 1.16 mkm/sec travels for 1 second only -This light motion energy causes a planet to move for 1 solar day -(Specifically) Light Motion for 1 second causes Pluto to move 1 solar day -Pluto motion for 1 solar day causes Solar Planets Creation Process -Pluto moves -during a solar day- a distance = 406000 km -That's why Pluto Motion Daily =406000 km = Solar Planets Diameters Total Based on this description … (light motion for 1 second =1.16mkm) / (Pluto motion for 1 solar day =0.406mkm) = A Conclusion The Rate (A=2.8571) Controls Solar Group Basic Data
Category: Astrophysics

[349] viXra:1908.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 17:05:58

1.a Surprising Note About EUCLID’S Parallel Axiom

Authors: SzÉkely Endre
Comments: 5 Pages. see in "Other instructions"

In this short note an important consequence of my previous paper5 is investigated. We reinvestigate EUCLID’S 5th postulate
Category: Geometry

[348] viXra:1908.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 19:07:07

Some Associativity Results for Random Variables in Strange Groups

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 7 Pages.

Abstract. Let ̃z be a bare-foot dependent path. Recently, there has been much interest in the derivation of isomorphisms on strange groups that come in the way of ~z. Let there exist a countable infinity of such groups, [[G]]. We show that [[G]] has one or more isomorphisms to a Dojo D. Keywords; Bare-foot paths, Measure Theory, Higher Operators, Strange Groups, Techno Gibberish, model theory, Dojo Theory
Category: General Mathematics

[347] viXra:1908.0364 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-18 08:04:59

God and Mathematical Beauty

Authors: Johannes Abdus Salam
Comments: 1 Page.

I discovered an evidence of the existence of God as a beautiful equality.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[346] viXra:1908.0363 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-18 09:55:05

Scalability of Meth8/VL4

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page.

We offer two more packages in Meth8 to process increasing numbers of propositional variables.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[345] viXra:1908.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 00:42:48

Electric Charges as Energy Pairs

Authors: ‪Moshe Segal‬‏
Comments: 25 Pages.

The kinetic energy of a moving mass is attributed to the mass increase because of its velocity. Thus, mass is recognized as a special form of energy. In contrast to mass, according to the charge invariance principle, charge is a constant entity, not affected by its velocity. However, a spectator, monitoring a moving charge, sees an increase in the charge density, because of the Lorentz Length Contraction factor. Also, modern physics already recognizes that this increase in the charge density is the reason that this spectator also detects the magnetic field that this moving charge generated. From the above, the following question might be asked: Why charge remains a distinct entity while mass was discovered to be another form of energy. As will be shown in this article, there are similarities between mass and charge which might lead us to conclude that charge should also be considered as a special form of energy. Thus, this article do claim that Charge is also another form of Energy, as mass turned to be. This claim makes Energy as the only distinct entity (in addition to time and space), a simpler and cleaner view of nature. This article derives this claim by analyzing the existing energy density equations of electric and magnetic fields. Then, by analyzing the existing experimental results related to charges and the fields they create from a new point of view, the article tries to evaluate if this leads also to additional new insights. The results are the following conclusions: 1. Magnetic and electric fields which are generated by the same moving charge are always perpendicular to each other, thus, these fields have the structure of the electromagnetic emission from accelerating moving charges. Actually, this article shows that a moving charge generates not just a single additional field referred to as the magnetic field generated by the moving charge. This article shows that a moving charge generates two additional field components, additional to the electric field it generated when it was not moving. One of them is an increase of the electric field intensity generated when the charge was not moving. The other is a field perpendicular to the electric field and might be considered as the actual additional magnetic field. This resolves the mystery why only in electromagnetic emissions the magnetic and electric fields are always perpendicular to each other, while in other cases, the current knowledge of physics imply that they are not necessarily perpendicular to each other. 2. Analogeous to the equation: E = m c2 where E is energy, m is mass and c is the speed of light. derived by the special theory of relativity, which describes the relation between the energy embedded in mass and mass magnitude, this article suggests the equation : E = σ c2 where σ is the charge density. This equation describes the relation between the energy and charge density. This proposed relation between charge density and energy cannot be considered as a derivation or a proof. But, it is a reasonable and logic deduction, and thus, a reasonable suggestion of the relation between charge density and energy. 3. Since charge comes in two types, a positive charge and a negative charge, then the energy embedded in charge also comes in two energy types. This might be one of the crucial reasons why it was difficult to recognize charge as another form of energy. However, the article provides a logical explanation to this issue. The article also assigns these energy types to one set of Energy Pairs. This Energy Pairs Theory is also used to explain why in the electron and positron collisions the charges completely disappear.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[344] viXra:1908.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 00:45:45

Epsilon-Near-Zero Material

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

High-harmonic generation (HHG) is a nonlinear optical phenomenon through which high harmonics of an intense laser beam are generated in a target material, typically a gas. [33] A Purdue University analytical chemistry group has developed a new device to help generate intense beams of large ions, which can be used for the fabrication of energy storage devices, optical coatings, purification of proteins and metabolites from complex biological samples, and nanoclusters from reaction mixtures. [32] Excess heat given off by smartphones, laptops and other electronic devices can be annoying, but beyond that it contributes to malfunctions and, in extreme cases, can even cause lithium batteries to explode. [31] Scientists have visualised the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[343] viXra:1908.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 01:04:10

Tiny Lensless Endoscope

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new self-calibrating endoscope that produces 3-D images of objects smaller than a single cell. [32] Excess heat given off by smartphones, laptops and other electronic devices can be annoying, but beyond that it contributes to malfunctions and, in extreme cases, can even cause lithium batteries to explode. [31] Scientists have visualised the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[342] viXra:1908.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 01:19:53

Atomic Causes of Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

During the last five years, few scientists have successfully employed very high pressures in order to produce metal hydrides, rich in hydrogen, which become superconductive around-20 degrees Celsius. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[341] viXra:1908.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 02:08:02

Hosting Photonic Skyrmions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Now electrical and computer engineering researchers have proposed for the first time that this same electronic conductivity influences the topological properties of light inside atomic matter. ]32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[340] viXra:1908.0357 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-18 18:21:44

It is Easier to Verify the Solution Than to Find it - III

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 23 Pages. In portuguese.

Introducing firstly the concepts of variable languages and languages with semantic and then without using them we presented original proofs of the famous P versus NP problem of Computer Science. These proofs don't implies that the NP-complete problems not belongs to P, so the P versus NP-complete problem remains open, as well as it is possible (perhaps) to solve the SAT problem in polynomial time.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[339] viXra:1908.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 05:47:47

[ IMAGEAI/IoT/HPC/Hardware/Software/Firmware ] based Novel Design of Next Generation Hybrid Heterogeneous Medical Imaging Platforms R&D Using Theorem Provers like Z3Py - A Short Technical Notes & Simple Suggestion.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

It was proposed and we are presenting an Interesting Informatics Platform based on [ IMAGEAI-Python AI Library + Python Theorem Prover/s ( like Z3Py : the Z3 API in Python)] in the Context of[ Image J/Fiji/Bone J/Java Virtual Machine )/JikesRVM - Research Virtual Machine/GCSpy Tool/Compiler DNA Techniques ] Using Imaging Mathematics+Hardware Mathematics w.r.t [ Java/Jython/Python ] involving Challenges of Advanced Medical Image Processing. A simple approach is shown as a block diagram below for further investigations and to inspire our readers to come up with more rigorous approaches in the near future.Not all details are presented in this communication.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[338] viXra:1908.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 08:15:44

Some Facts on Permanents in Finite Characteristics

Authors: Anna Knezevic, Greg Cohen
Comments: 75 Pages. This research was partly supported by the School of Electrical Engineering, Computing and Mathematical Sciences of the Curtin University (Australia)

The permanent’s polynomial-time computability over fields of characteristic 3 for k-semi-unitary matrices (i.e. n×n-matrices A such that rank(AA^T-I_n )=k) in the case k ≤ 1 and its #_3P-completeness for any k > 1 (Ref. 9) is a result that essentially widens our understanding of the computational complexity boundaries for the permanent modulo 3. Now we extend this result to study more closely the case k > 1 regarding the (n-k)×(n-k)-sub-permanents (or permanent-minors) of a unitary n×n-matrix and their possible relations, because an (n-k)×(n-k)-submatrix of a unitary n×n-matrix is generically a k-semi-unitary (n-k)×(n-k)-matrix. The following paper offers a way to receive a variety of such equations of different sorts, in the meantime also extending (in its second chapter divided into subchapters) this direction of research to reviewing all the set of polynomial-time permanent-preserving reductions and equations for a generic matrix’s sub-permanents they might yield, including a number of generalizations and formulae (valid in an arbitrary prime characteristic) analogical to the classical identities relating the minors of a matrix and its inverse. Moreover, the second chapter also deals with the Hamiltonian cycle polynomial in characteristic 2 that surprisingly demonstrates quite a number of properties very similar to the corresponding ones of the permanent in characteristic 3. Besides, the paper’s third chapter is devoted to the computational complexity issues of the permanent and some related functions on a variety of Cauchy matrices and their certain generalizations, including constructing a polynomial-time algorithm (based on them) for the permanent of an arbitrary square matrix in characteristic 5 and conjecturing the existence of a similar scheme in characteristic 3. Throughout the paper, we investigate various matrix compressions and transformations preserving the permanent and related functions in certain finite characteristics. And, as an auxiliary algebraic tool supposed for an application when needed in all the constructions we’re going to discuss in the present article, we’ll introduce and utilize a special principle involving a field’s extension by a formal infinitesimal and allowing, provided a number of conditions are fulfilled, to reduce the computation of a polynomial over a field to solving a system of algebraic equations in polynomial time. greg.cohen.math@gmail.com
Category: Algebra

[337] viXra:1908.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 08:41:57

Spallation Vacuum Innovation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

A new generation of neutron sources is providing scientists with unprecedented power to probe the structure and properties of materials ranging from biomolecules through to superconductors. [14] Coupled with SNS, the world's most powerful pulsed accelerator-based neutron source, VENUS will be the only open research facility platform in the US to provide time-of-flight neutron imaging capabilities to users from academia and industry. [13] A spallation neutron source has been used by physicists in Japan to search for possible violations of the inverse square law of gravity. [12] Physicists have proposed a way to test quantum gravity that, in principle, could be performed by a laser-based, table-top experiment using currently available technology. [11] Now however, a new type of materials, the so-called Weyl semimetals, similar to 3-D graphene, allow us to put the symmetry destructing quantum anomaly to work in everyday phenomena, such as the creation of electric current. [10] Physicist Professor Chunnong Zhao and his recent PhD students Haixing Miao and Yiqiu Ma are members of an international team that has created a particularly exciting new design for gravitational wave detectors. [9] A proposal for a gravitational-wave detector made of two space-based atomic clocks has been unveiled by physicists in the US. [8] The gravitational waves were detected by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. [7] A team of researchers with the University of Lisbon has created simulations that indicate that the gravitational waves detected by researchers with the LIGO project, and which are believed to have come about due to two black holes colliding, could just have easily come from another object such as a gravaster (objects which are believed to have their insides made of dark energy) or even a wormhole. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes the simulations they created, what was seen and what they are hoping to find in the future. [6] In a landmark discovery for physics and astronomy, international scientists said Thursday they have glimpsed the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, which Albert Einstein predicted a century ago. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star'-unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[336] viXra:1908.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 09:22:30

Superfluid Layers Within Neutron Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

New insights into the inner structure of rapidly-rotating neutron stars have been gleaned by astronomers in Australia and Canada, who have studied the time evolution of a glitch – a sudden increase in the rate of stellar rotation. [10] Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8]
Category: Astrophysics

[335] viXra:1908.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 09:50:06

Thinnest Ever Optical Waveguide

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Researchers have succeeded in making the thinnest ever optical device in the form of a waveguide just three atomic layers thick. [42] With the development of nanotechnologies, scientists’ efforts have centred on synchronizing oscillatory nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), for applications such as on-chip time keeping, and mass, gas, and force sensors. [41] A Rice University lab wants its products to look sharp, even at the nanoscale. Its latest creation is right on target. [40] Group of researchers from Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania are offering a novel solution for high-yield nanowire production from zinc oxide—cheaper and environmentally friendlier material, compared to the rare earth elements such as indium, arsenic or gallium often used in electronics production. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[334] viXra:1908.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 10:29:07

Accelerated Computing for Accelerated Particles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Fermilab scientists and other collaborators successfully tested a prototype machine-learning technology that speeds up processing by 30 to 175 times compared to traditional methods. [30] A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[333] viXra:1908.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 15:02:52

Social Intelligence in the Design of Conversational Ui.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar, Monitor-Tabby
Comments: 9 Pages.

Abstract This publication is a mathematical model of social intelligence and knowledge management in chat conversational UIs. The paper defines one model of social intelligence as defined in the design of machine learning for conversational UIs, and explores the use of this intelligence in conversational UI training and knowledge inheritance. A case study of Botlibre conversational UIs, which we use in our healthcare and education research is presented. A study of Botlibre’s knowledge inheritance and the expansion to social intelligence like Facebook Messenger is presented. Keywords: SNA, Social Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence, Conversational UI
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[332] viXra:1908.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 16:09:07

A Comparison of Bell’s Theorem and Malus’s Law: Action-at-a-Distance is not Required in Order to Explain Results of Bell’s Theorem Experiments

Authors: Austin J. Fearnley
Comments: 10 Pages.

This paper shows that, using counterfactual definiteness, there is an enforceable duality between results of Malus Law experiments and the results from Bell experiments. The results are shown here to be equivalent in the two experiments subject to extending the Malus experiment by doubling it to match the structure of the results table of a Bell experiment. The Malus intensities also need to be converted into counterfactual correlations in order to enable results in both experiments to be compared using a common statistic. It is therefore possible to use the duality to explain the more esoteric Bell results via the simpler Malus results. As Malus results involve singleton particles rather than matched pairs of particles then there is no requirement for action at a distance nor entanglement to feature in an explanation of Malus results and therefore, using the duality, neither in Bell results. The ‘magic’ in Bell’s Theorem results is not eliminated as it still exists contained within Malus results, and that ‘magic’ [of somehow exceeding the Bell Inequalities] remains unexplained by this paper, except it is shown that the ‘magic’ does not involve action-at-a-distance nor entanglement.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[331] viXra:1908.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 18:48:38

God Of The Electron

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 7 Pages.

Abstrakt Dieses Papier beschäftigt sich mit der Theologie der Arbeit, vor allem in der Elektronik und der Kodierung, der Technologie des Elektrons. Die spirituelle Erkenntnistheorie der Theologie der Arbeit bei der Verwirklichung des Gottesbewusstseins vom Entwurf und der Entwicklung bis hin zu Code und Schaltungen wird diskutiert. Wenn es in Godels formaler Definition von Gott eine mannigfaltige Darstellung modaler Logikkonzepte geben könnte, wäre ein Schaltungs- oder Code-Design eine Realisierung der Perfektion und Unendlichkeit, die von Gott als Erweiterung des Logikrahmens bezeichnet wird? Dieses Papier untersucht, ob Thor der Gott des Elektrons ist? Und zur Arbeitstheologie in verschiedenen Religionen.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[330] viXra:1908.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 20:00:45

Anthropic Principle in Human Relationships - Why Couples Fight

Authors: Daniel Stedman
Comments: 2 Pages. From Medium.com

Wheeler's Anthropic Principle applied to marriage and co-habitation. Why do relationships experience disturbances? Because we are here!
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[329] viXra:1908.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 01:27:13

Assessment of Anti-Ageing Potential of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated DMEM and HFF-1 Cells using Cellular Proliferation and Collagen Metabolism Assays

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Skin health and aging are the complex biological process influenced by several intrinsic (or endogenous) and extrinsic (or exogenous) factors. Various skin-based therapies are currently available to rejuvenate the skin, but they might be related with some side-effects such as scarring. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) on the human foreskin fibroblast (HFF-1) cell line and Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) for skin health parameters like cell proliferation and synthesis of collagen. The rate of cellular proliferation in HFF-1 cells was identified, and the results found that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM significantly (p ≤ 0.001) increased by 152.38% compared to the negative control group. Additionally, the cell proliferation was also significantly increased by 71.43% in the Biofield Energy Treated cells compared to the negative control group. Similarly, the collagen level was significantly (p ≤ 0.001) increased by 60.42% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM compared with the negative control group. Hence, the results exhibited a significant improvement of collagen synthesis and cellular proliferation in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM for improving skin health. It can be concluded that The Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might be a complementary and alternative approach with respect to the skin health, anti-aging in DMEM compared with the HFF-1 cell line. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM could be useful for the development of effective cosmetic products for the prevention and treatment of several skin problems such as erythema, contact dermatitis, skin aging, wrinkles, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[328] viXra:1908.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 01:28:05

Assessment of the Effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Chromium (VI) Oxide

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Chromium TriOxide (CrO3) is an inorganic compound which has many industrial applications, but it is very hygroscopic, toxic and a powerful oxidizer. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect® (Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment) on the physicochemical and thermal properties of CrO3 using modern analytical techniques. The CrO3 test sample was separated into two parts. One part of the test sample was called as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), while the second part of chromium trioxide sample received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and termed as a treated sample. The powder XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated CrO3 were significantly altered ranging from -63.06% to 357.95% and -41.82% to 420%, respectively; thus, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 70.46% compared with the control sample. The particle size values of the treated CrO3 were significantly increased by 434.85% (d10), 17.61% (d50), and 19.72% {D(4,3)}, respectively; therefore, the specific surface area was significantly decreased by 80.56% compared with the control.The latent heat of fusion of the treated CrO3 was significantly increased by 33.18% compared with the control sample. The experimental results indicated that the Trivedi Effect® -Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might include a new polymorphic form of CrO3 which would show better powder flowability and lower solubility. It may lower the absorption, bioavailability and toxicity of CrO3 on inhalation, ingestion, chronic exposure, contact to skin and eye, and aggravation of pre-existing conditions. Along with the Biofield Energy Treated CrO3 would be veryuseful to the manufacturing industry.
Category: Biochemistry

[327] viXra:1908.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 01:28:47

Physicochemical and Thermal Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated Polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA)

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) is a biodegradable copolymer. It has many applications in the pharmaceuticals and biomedical industries, but its degradation and stability is a major concern. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of PLGA using modern analytical techniques. The PLGA sample was divided into control and Biofield Energy Treated parts. The control sample did not obtain the Biofield Energy Treatment, whereas the treated PLGA was received the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The particle size values of the treated PLGA were increased by 8.97%(d10), 8.79%(d50), 4.72%(d90), and 6.61%{D(4,3)}; thus, the surface area of treated PLGA was significantly decreased by 6.84% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of evaporation and fusion of the treated PLGA were significantly increased by 29.60% and 230.93%, respectively compared with the control sample. The residue amount was significantly increased by 21.99% in the treated PLGA compared to the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature of the treated PLGA was increased by 2.30% compared with the control sample. It was concluded that the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have generated a new form of PLGA which may show better powder flowability, thermal stability, and minimise the hydrolysis of the ester linkages of PLGA.This improved quality of PLGA would be a better choice for the pharmaceutical formulations (i.e., the drug like simvastatin, amoxicillin, and minocycline loaded PLGA nanoparticles) and manufacturing of biomedical devices, i.e., grafts, sutures, implants, surgical sealant films, prosthetic devices, etc., in the industry using it as a raw material.
Category: Biochemistry

[326] viXra:1908.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 01:29:23

Antiaging Potential of Biofield Energy Healing Treatment in HFF-1 Cell Line Using Collagen level and Cellular Proliferation

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Skin health and aging are co-related with a complex biological process that are influenced by a combination of factors such as intrinsic (or endogenous) and extrinsic (or exogenous). Many skin based therapies including physical and chemical methods are in practice to rejuvenate the skin, but they might be related with some significant side-effects such as scarring. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Biofield Energy Treatment (Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment-The Trivedi Effect®) in the HFF-1 cell line (Human Foreskin Fibroblast) and DMEM (Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium) for evaluation of skin health parameters such as proliferation rate and collagen level. The cell growth rate was evaluated at 24, 48, and 72 hours and the results observed with a significant growth in the Biofield Treated DMEM group compared with the Biofield Treated HFF-1 cells. The HFF-1 cellular proliferation rate was significantly (p≤0.001) increased by 85% in the Biofield Treated DMEM, while positive controls, ascorbic acid (10µM) and FBS (15% fetal bovine serum) reported with increased cell proliferation by 21% and 44%, respectively. Similarly, the collagen level was significantly (p≤0.01) increased in the Biofield Treated DMEM by 44.2%, while the Biofield Energy Treated cells did not showed significant change in collagen and proliferation rate as compared with control. Hence, the results concluded significant improved collagen and proliferation in the Biofield Energy Treated media (DMEM) for improving skin health. It can be concluded that The Trivedi Effect® might be a complementary and alternative approach with respect to the skin health, anti-aging in DMEM as compared with the HFF-1 cell line.
Category: Biochemistry

[325] viXra:1908.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 01:30:07

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of the Biofield Energy Treated Metronidazole

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Metronidazole is an antibiotic and is useful for antibacterial and antiprotozoal medication. In this research work, the impact of the Trivedi Effect® (Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment) on the physicochemical properties of metronidazole was evaluated using the modern analytical technique. Metronidazole sample was divided into two parts, one part of metronidazole was considered as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided); however, the other part of metronidazole, was exposed to the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and termed as a treated sample. The peak intensities, as well as crystallite sizes of the treated metronidazole were significantly altered ranging from -97.25% to 463% and -83.18% to 123.79%, respectively; however, the average crystallite size was significantly decreased by 14.91% compared with the control sample. The particle size values in the treated metronidazole were significantly decreased by 14.69%(d10), 10.82%(d50), 19.14%(d90), and 16.88% {D (4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 24.7% compared to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion and latent heat of decomposition were decreased by 2.1% and 9.41%, respectively in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was increased by 2.56%; however, the residue amount was significantly decreased by 83.86% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature was decreased by 3.53% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. Thus, the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have generated a new polymorphic form of metronidazole which may offer better solubility, dissolution, and good bioavailability compared with the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Treated metronidazole would be very useful to design more efficacious pharmaceutical formulations for the better therapeutic response against bacterial and protozoal infection in the vagina, stomach, liver, skin, joints, brain, and respiratory tract, aspiration pneumonia, rosacea, fungating wounds, intra-abdominal infections, lung abscess, periodontitis, amoebiasis, oral infections, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[324] viXra:1908.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 02:05:50

A Chemical Curse or Blessing? A Case of Kenya

Authors: Maingi, Joyce Wanjiru., Ngenya, Watson Atsiambo
Comments: 5 Pages.

Misuse and overuse of chemicals is one of the most complex issues facing the contemporary Kenyan society. Agrochemicals in particular pose as a great risk to the population when not used according to their ascribed directives. At times, chemicals are misused unintentionally and casually due to ignorance and this may have dire consequences on one’s health or that of the environment. While some make personal choices on how to use certain chemicals, some just happen to be victims of circumstances when other persons within our sphere of influence have made poor choices, and we all end up suffering the consequences.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[323] viXra:1908.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 02:17:18

Stripe Order Mystery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed a method to accurately measure the "exact edge" or onset at which a magnetic field enters a superconducting material. [19] TU Wien has now made a major advance towards achieving this goal and, at the same time, has furthered an understanding of why conventional materials only become superconducting at around-200°C [18] The emerging field of spintronics leverages electron spin and magnetization. [17]
Category: Condensed Matter

[322] viXra:1908.0337 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 02:38:17

Trapped Dipolar Supersolid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

Supersolids, solid materials with superfluid properties (i.e., in which a substance can flow with zero viscosity), have recently become the focus of numerous physics studies. [31] A team of physicists has uncovered a new state of matter-a breakthrough that offers promise for increasing storage capabilities in electronic devices and enhancing quantum computing. [30] A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Condensed Matter

[321] viXra:1908.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 03:04:04

Protect Electronic Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Excess heat given off by smartphones, laptops and other electronic devices can be annoying, but beyond that it contributes to malfunctions and, in extreme cases, can even cause lithium batteries to explode. [31] Scientists have visualised the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[320] viXra:1908.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 03:37:36

Superconductor Comes from Disorder

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive.
Category: Condensed Matter

[319] viXra:1908.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 03:45:40

Space Curvature and Shnoll Effect

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 6 pages, 2 figures

Experimental results obtained during 1954–2014 by Simon E. Shnoll show that the fine structure of distributions of amplitude fluctuations in different processes depends on the position of the Earth with respect to other celestial bodies. The phenomenon includes all processes from biochemical reactions to alpha-decay of nucleons, from the noise of electric networks to random number generators. Until now this phenomenon has not been explained. This article discloses that the cause of the Shnoll effect is the curvature of space which depends on the Earth’s position in cosmic space.
Category: Astrophysics

[318] viXra:1908.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 04:13:51

Nanoscale Biology Lab Equipment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

The ability to observe how life works at a nanoscale level is a grand challenge of our time. [25] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have now discovered how a protein called LMI1 can control leaf growth and shape. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[317] viXra:1908.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-17 05:06:48

Definition Ⅶ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is definition ⑦
Category: General Mathematics

[316] viXra:1908.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 19:02:29

Pricing Financial Derivatives Subject to Multilateral Credit Risk and Collateralization

Authors: Xiao, Tim
Comments: 26 Pages.

This article presents a new model for valuing financial contracts subject to credit risk and collateralization. Examples include the valuation of a credit default swap (CDS) contract that is affected by the trilateral credit risk of the buyer, seller and reference entity. We show that default dependency has a significant impact on asset pricing. In fact, correlated default risk is one of the most pervasive threats in financial markets. We also show that a fully collateralized CDS is not equivalent to a risk-free one. In other words, full collateralization cannot eliminate counterparty risk completely in the CDS market.
Category: Economics and Finance

[315] viXra:1908.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 19:16:52

An Exact Solution of the Einstein Equations with Cosmological Term for Cylindrically Symmetric Space

Authors: Xuan Zhong Ni
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this article, we derived an exact solution of the Einstein equations with cosmological term for cylindrically symmetric space .
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[314] viXra:1908.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 19:28:24

Not Theory

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: Not theory is a derivation from standard Knot Theory, inspired by Knots and topological spaces in the E8 theory of Unification. In Not Theory, we consider an E8 based fiber theory of nature, extending it to a simulated universe as strands. Not theory is about the mathematics of the application of ‘nots’ to strands. In this paper, we consider a closure proof, and proof of completeness to not applications on arbitrary not as applicable to a particle and quasi-particle model. What: Axioms: A strand is a fundamental resonance of nature starting in one singularity and ending in another. These two singularities are in E8 space-time, with many operators acting on them. Axiom: Any quasi-particle or particle can be described as an aspect of a strand, a resonance in space-time. Theorem 1: Closure: Operation of a not on a strand leads to a resonance in energy time of space and momentum which is also a strand. Theorem 2: Completeness: All particle and quasi-particle interactions can be represented as strands.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[313] viXra:1908.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 19:31:18

The Carcass

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: The story of the carcass, a dead shell of an automobile discovered by future humanity in a desert-like Mojave, where they reconstruct a history of living metal bodies automobiles as the residents of this planet. We propose a method to bring to life this carcass with electric hub wheels and autopilot systems and consider the creation of Wall-E inspired LandBots, all for afforestation and many other task automation after the discovery of one living plant. Maybe Earth is habitable again? Keywords: LandBots, Wall-E, Humour, ELectric Wheels, Singularity#1, Taskoids
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[312] viXra:1908.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 22:31:43

Dedinition Ⅵ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is definition⑥
Category: General Mathematics

[311] viXra:1908.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 01:44:35

Silicon of Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[310] viXra:1908.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 03:00:37

Quantum System Virtually Cooled

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Physicists have developed a quantum simulation method that can "virtually cool" an experimental quantum system to a fraction of its actual temperature. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[309] viXra:1908.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 03:31:39

New Quantum State of Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

A team of physicists has uncovered a new state of matter-a breakthrough that offers promise for increasing storage capabilities in electronic devices and enhancing quantum computing. [30] A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[308] viXra:1908.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:08:01

Etymology of the Russian words GOOD and EVIL

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The estimated etymology is considered
Category: Linguistics

[307] viXra:1908.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:03:28

Carbon Nanotube Fibres

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects—by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36]
Category: Condensed Matter

[306] viXra:1908.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:31:44

A Proof of Sondow's Conjecture

Authors: Wiroj Homsup
Comments: 2 Pages.

Based on the functional equation of the Dirichlet eta function, Sondow’s conjecture is proved. The advantage of a method is that it only use undergraduate mathematics.
Category: General Mathematics

[305] viXra:1908.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:41:09

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Cholecalciferol is a steroid hormone (7-dehydroxycholesterol), which helps in the absorption of dietary minerals like zinc, calcium, magnesium, iron, and phosphate and also responsible for other biological activity. In this research study, the influence of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of cholecalciferol was evaluated using the modern analytical technique. The cholecalciferol test sample was divided into two parts. One of the test samples was considered as a control sample, which did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas, the other part was treated with the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values in the treated cholecalciferol powder sample were significantly decreased by 78.94% (d10), 26.21% (d50), 22.01% (d90), and 29.04% {D (4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area of the treated cholecalciferol was significantly increased by 174.12% compared to the control sample. The XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated cholecalciferol powder sample were significantly altered ranging from -44.37% to 370.49% and -74.48% to 91.52%, respectively; therefore, the average crystallite size of the treated cholecalciferol was significantly decreased by 36.21% compared to the control cholecalciferol. The latent heat of fusion of the treated cholecalciferol was significantly increased by 25.89% compared to the control cholecalciferol. The weight loss was decreased by 1.48%; whereas, the residue amount was significantly increased by 107.02% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. Thus, the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment generated a new polymorphic form of cholecalciferol which might offer better solubility, absorption, bioavailability, and be thermally more stable compared with the control sample. Henceforth, the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated cholecalciferol would be more beneficial to maintain the overall quality of life and it would be more useful in designing novel nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations for the better therapeutic responses against deficiency of vitamin D, osteoporosis, rickets, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, cancer, mental disorders, multiple sclerosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[304] viXra:1908.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:41:41

Immunomodulatory Effect of the Biofield Energy Treated Cell Growth Medium (DMEM) and FBS in Immune Cells (Murine Macrophage RAW 264.7)

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) on Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium (DMEM) and fetal bovine serum (FBS) in murine macrophage cells (RAW 264.7). The study parameters were evaluated using cell viability by MTT assay and estimation of proinflammatory cytokine like tumor necrosis factor - alpha (TNF-α) on immunomodulation using enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA). The cell viability using MTT assay data showed that more than 80% cell viability was observed in all the tested groups compared to the baseline control group (G1). The characteristics of cell morphology in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM without FBS (G6) group showed some changes in the cell morphology as evidenced a transition from spherical to elongate and also showed maturation compared to the G1 group. The level of TNF-α expression was significantly reduced by 23.15% in the G3 group compared to the G1 group. Moreover, the secretion of TNF-α was altered by 38.06%, 35.77%, and 282.49% in the G4, G5, and G6 groups, respectively compared to the G1 group. The overall results demonstrated that the Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment has an impact on DMEM and FBS by alteration of cell morphology and reducing the level of TNF-α expression in immune cell (RAW 264.7). Therefore, the Trivedi Effect® treated DMEM and FBS might be useful as an immunomodulator for various immune-related disorders like Graves’ disease, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[303] viXra:1908.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:42:19

An Investigation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Characteristics of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated L-Cysteine

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

L-cysteine is an essential amino acid that helps in improving the overall health status of humans. The objective of the study was to determine the impact on the physicochemical and thermal properties of L-cysteine after the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment using modern analytical techniques. The control sample was kept without any treatment, while the Biofield Treatment was given to the treated sample remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak. The particle size values were significantly reduced by 11.96%(d10), 9.01%(d50), 4.92%(d90), and 7.66% [D (4, 3)], thus, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 14.28% of the treated L-cysteine compared to the control sample. The peak intensities and crystallite sizes were altered ranging from -86.73% to 456.65% and -4.91% to 451.22% respectively, however, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 87.58% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of decomposition for the 1st and 2nd peak of the treated sample was increased by 12.77% and 5.42% respectively, compared with the control sample. The weight loss was increased by 9.35%; however, the residual weight was significantly reduced by 85.32% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature of the treated sample was increased by 2.87% compared to the control sample. Hence, the Biofield Energy Treated L-cysteine might show better solubility, dissolution, bioavailability, and be more thermal stability in the pharmaceutical formulations, which would be more efficacious in the treatment of diabetes, cancer, psychosis, and seizures compared to the control sample.
Category: Biochemistry

[302] viXra:1908.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:42:59

Effect of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Characteristic Properties of Cefazolin Sodium

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Cefazolin is a broad-spectrum first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic, used for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. The aim of this research work was to evaluate the influence of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical, and thermal properties of cefazolin sodium powder using modern analytical techniques. The test sample cefazolin sodium was divided into two parts. One part of the test sample was considered as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), whereas the other part was treated with the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values in the treated sample were significantly decreased by 3.95%(d10), 2.63%(d50), 13.02%(d90), and 21.7% {D (4,3)}; hence, the specific surface area was increased by 5% compared to the control sample. The decomposition temperature of the treated cefazolin was increased by 4.84 compared to the control sample. Similarly, the latent heat of evaporation of two peaks and decomposition was significantly increased by 56.81%, 225.38%, and 261.84% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was decreased by 2.7%; however, the residual amount was significantly increased by 28.59% in the treated cefazolin compared with the control sample. A new form of cefazolin sodium might have generated after Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment which may offer better solubility, dissolution rate, bioavailability, and thermal stability compared to the control sample. The treated cefazolin sodium would be more efficacious pharmaceutical formulations against respiratory tract infections, cellulitis, urinary tract infections, joint infection, biliary tract infections, pneumonia, endocarditis, genital infections, blood infections, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[301] viXra:1908.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:43:26

Effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Selenium

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Selenium is an essential micronutrient which is useful for various biological functions in the body, as well as prevention and treatment of selenium deficiency-related diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical and thermal properties of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatedselenium using the modern analytical technique. The test sample was divided into two parts viz. control and treated sample. The control sample did not receive Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas the treated sample received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -21.59 to 412.20% and -6.90% to 40.68% respectively; however, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 5.44% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The particle size values were altered by -4.54%(d10), 0.92%(d50), 1.18%( d90), and 0.66%{D(4,3)}, respectively, thus the specific surface area was increased by 2.48% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The melting point and latent heat of fusion of the treated selenium were increased by 0.27% and 5.94%, respectively compared with the control sample. The residue amount was increased by 3.83% in the treated selenium compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature of the treated sample was significantly increased by 14.94% compared with the control sample. The Biofield Energy Treatment might have generated a new polymorphic form of selenium which would be more efficacious against diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, viral diseases, male infertility, stress, aging, muscle disorders, neurological disorders, degenerative ailments, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[300] viXra:1908.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 04:58:29

ATLAS Strong Supersymmetry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

New particles sensitive to the strong interaction might be produced in abundance in the proton-proton collisions generated by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) – provided that they aren't too heavy. [30] Supersymmetry predicts that two basic classes of fundamental particles, fermions and bosons, accompany each other in the same representation. [29] A fraction of a second after the Big Bang, a single unified force may have shattered. Scientists from the CDF and DZero Collaborations used data from the Fermilab Tevatron Collider to re-create the early universe conditions. [28]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[299] viXra:1908.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 07:18:09

On the Proposal of an Eddington Ratio of Natural Energies, Epsilon

Authors: Michael J. Bucknum, Eduardo A. Castro
Comments: 10 Pages. corresponding email address: mjbucknum@yahoo.com

A proposal is made of a 5th Eddington dimensionless ratio based upon characteristic energies of monatomic and diatomic H. This 5th Eddington ratio is described in connection with the 4 other such ratios introduced and defined by A.S. Eddington in the 1920's. A discussion is provided of certain mathematical approximants that these 5 dimensionless numbers can be characterized by, as well as by their definitions as certain ratios of natural physical constants.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[298] viXra:1908.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 07:28:35

Improved Approximation of the Fine Structure Constant as a Series Representation in e and pi

Authors: Michael J. Bucknum, Eduardo A. Castro
Comments: 7 Pages. corresponding email address: mjbucknum@yahoo.com

An improved approximation of the fine structure constant as a series in e and pi is proposed.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[297] viXra:1908.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 07:37:42

The Promise of Pitcairn's Island

Authors: Michael J. Bucknum, Eduardo A. Castro
Comments: 5 Pages. corresponding email address: mjbucknum@yahoo.com

The sociological and spiritual story of the Pitcairn Island population is recounted in a summarized form.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[296] viXra:1908.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 08:55:52

Super Proton Synchrotron

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

By the end of the second long shutdown (LS2) of CERN's accelerator complex, a nine-metre-long object with several hundred tonnes of shielding will be installed around the beam line of the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS). [11] By measuring the angles between the top and antitop decay particles, the ATLAS experiment at CERN has not only measured this degree of correlation, but found it to be higher than what is predicted by calculations based on the Standard Model. [10] Higgs boson decaying into bottom quarks. Now, scientists are tackling its relationship with the top quark. [9] Usha Mallik and her team used a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to help build a sub-detector at the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest and most powerful particle accelerator, located in Switzerland. They're running experiments on the sub-detector to search for a pair of bottom quarks-subatomic yin-and-yang particles that should be produced about 60 percent of the time a Higgs boson decays. [8] A new way of measuring how the Higgs boson couples to other fundamental particles has been proposed by physicists in France, Israel and the US. Their technique would involve comparing the spectra of several different isotopes of the same atom to see how the Higgs force between the atom's electrons and its nucleus affects the atomic energy levels. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[295] viXra:1908.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 09:13:54

The Earth Does Not Spin

Authors: Nathaniel Barker
Comments: 2 Pages.

Counterarguements are shown and disproven
Category: Geophysics

[294] viXra:1908.0309 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-19 02:38:06

Inertia as a Net Magnetic Effect and Gravity as a Net Electrostatic Force

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper reveals the long standing mysteries of inertia and gravity, based on Weber's electrodynamics formula. Conventionally it is presumed that the electrical and magnetic force of interaction between opposite charges is equal in magnitude to the force of interaction between similar charges. Changing this view leads to a very compelling theory of inertia and gravity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[293] viXra:1908.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 09:54:32

Understanding Magnetic Monopoles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A breakthrough in understanding how the quasi-particles known as magnetic monopoles behave could lead to the development of new technologies to replace electric charges. [32] Such devices would use magnetic films and superconducting thin films to deploy and manipulate magnetic monopoles to sort and store data based on the north or south direction of their poles-analogous to the ones and zeros in conventional magnetic storage devices. [31] The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field-virtual photons that pop in and out of existence-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29] Engineers at MIT and Penn State University have found that under the right conditions, ordinary clear water droplets on a transparent surface can produce brilliant colors, without the addition of inks or dyes. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[292] viXra:1908.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 10:11:12

On Certain Pi_{q}-Identities of W. Gosper

Authors: Bing He
Comments: 16 Pages. All comments are welcome

In this paper we employ some knowledge of modular equations with degree 5 to confirm several of Gosper's Pi_{q}-identities. As a consequence, a q-identity involving Pi_{q} and Lambert series, which was conjectured by Gosper, is proved. As an application, we confirm an interesting q-trigonometric identity of Gosper.
Category: Number Theory

[291] viXra:1908.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 10:33:32

Causality Between Events with Space-Like Separation

Authors: G. L. Harnagel
Comments: 6 Pages.

Since the first part of the twentieth century, it has been maintained that faster-than-light movement could produce time travel into the past with its accompanying causality-violation paradoxes. This paper demonstrates that this assumption is false because of misinterpretation of the Minkowski diagram and the Lorentz transformation (LT) upon which it is based, plus the completely unsubstantiated belief that the past is “back there somewhere.”
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[290] viXra:1908.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 11:45:27

Light Scatter from Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

The quantum electrodynamic process of photon–photon scattering has for the first time been confirmed experimentally to a high degree of certainty. [44] Single photons can be an essential qubit source for these applications. [43] Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the thinnest optical device in the world—a waveguide that is three layers of atoms thin. [42] A group of researchers led by Professor Myakzyum Salakhov has been working on the problem of optical states in plasmonic-photonic crystals (PPCs). [41] Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[289] viXra:1908.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 12:52:37

Artificial Intelligence Detect Atrial Fibrillation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Researchers in the US have developed a rapid, artificial intelligence (AI)-based test that can identify patients with an abnormal heart rhythm, even when it appears normal. [28] Ever since the late 19th century, physicists have known about a counterintuitive property of some electric circuits called negative resistance. [27] Scientists from EPFL's Institute of Bioengineering have discovered that the circadian clock and the cell-cycle are, in fact, synchronized. [26] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a molecular switch that causes immune cells called macrophages to clean up cellular debris caused by infections instead of contributing to inflammation and tissue injury. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[288] viXra:1908.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 13:14:05

Optomechanical Nano-Oscillators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

With the development of nanotechnologies, scientists’ efforts have centred on synchronizing oscillatory nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), for applications such as on-chip time keeping, and mass, gas, and force sensors. [41] A Rice University lab wants its products to look sharp, even at the nanoscale. Its latest creation is right on target. [40] Group of researchers from Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania are offering a novel solution for high-yield nanowire production from zinc oxide—cheaper and environmentally friendlier material, compared to the rare earth elements such as indium, arsenic or gallium often used in electronics production. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[287] viXra:1908.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 14:14:42

The Josephus Numbers

Authors: Kouider Mohammed Ridha
Comments: 3 Pages.

We give explicit formulas to compute the Josephus-numbers where is positive integer . Furthermore we present a new fast algorithm to calculate . We also offer prosperities , and we generalized it for all positive real number non-existent, Finally we give .the proof of properties.
Category: Number Theory

[286] viXra:1908.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 22:38:17

An Insight Into Random Numbers & Applications in the Context of Signal Processing Using [ Imageai +python+qrng Libraries ] – a Simple Technical Note & Suggestion on Using QRNG Services/qrng Related Devices Towards Heterogeneous [ Iot/hpc] Image Processing

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Insight into Random Numbers & Applications in the Context of Signal Processing Using [ IMAGEAI +Python+qrng libraries ] – A Simple Technical Note & Suggestion on Using QRNG Services/QRNG Related Devices towards Heterogeneous [ IoT/HPC] Image Processing Software R&D. [ Exploring (QRNG+IMAGEAI) based R&D of Signal & Image Processing Software Using Python ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[285] viXra:1908.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 01:44:10

On the Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions of Tenth Order: New Possible Mathematical Developments and Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole Physics II

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 136 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various and interesting new possible mathematical developments concerning some Ramanujan’s Mock theta functions of tenth order and Mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole physics
Category: Mathematical Physics

[284] viXra:1908.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 04:05:07

The Roadmap to Artificial General Intelligence (Agi)

Authors: A. V. Grigorov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Intelligence involves language and linguistic reasoning; this makes it a phenomenon that is partly extrinsic to the brain, to the extent that language, as a system, is partly extrinsic to the brain. Consciousness and motivation/rewards (instincts/feelings) likely predate intelligence, from an evolutionary perspective, and ought to be treated separately. The following brief discussion on AI addresses those issues and proposes a plausible path to the development of AGI.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[283] viXra:1908.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 05:17:31

Deep Caching for Agent-Based Analysis and Optimization

Authors: Rune Vestvik
Comments: 1 Page.

Agent-based modeling and simulation is a "bottomup" approach for system research, optimization and decision support. The method consist of mapping real world processes intoadigitaltwinmodel[1]andperformingrisk-freeexperiments on the digital twin before applying changes back into real world scenarios. The need for computation resources increases as models grow more detailed. This fact, combined with high stochasticity and the use of Monte Carlo simulations, slows down the processes of performing sensitivity analysis and model optimization. This paper introduces a method for caching agent-based simulations for increased performance and shorting of the feedback loop.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[282] viXra:1908.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 06:47:48

A Bound for the Isotropic Constant in the Symmetric Case

Authors: Johan Aspegren
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this preprint we will prove an explicit bound for the isotropic constant in the symmetric case.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[281] viXra:1908.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 07:53:42

Rhodochrosite as Crystal Oscillator

Authors: Ricardo Gobato, Marcia Regina Risso Gobato, Alireza Heidari
Comments: 1 Page.

h as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress, phenomenon called piezoelectricity. A crystal oscillator is an electronic oscillator circuit that uses the mechanical resonance of a vibrating crystal of piezoelectric material to create an electrical signal with a precise frequency. The most common type of piezoelectric resonator used is th quartz crystal, so oscillator circuits incorporating them became known as crystal oscillators. Particularly one using a quartz crystal, works by distorting the crystal with an electric field, when voltage is applied to an electrode near or on the crystal. This property is known as electrostriction or inverse piezoelectricity. When the field is removed, the quartz - which oscillates in a precise frequency - generates an electric field as it returns to its previous shape, and this can generate a voltage. The result is that a quartz crystal behaves like an RLC circuit, but with a much higher Q. Quartz crystals are manufactured for frequencies from a few tens of kilohertz to hundreds of megahertz. More than two billion crystal are manufactured annually. Most are used for consumer devices such as wristwatches, clocks, radios, radios, computers, cell phones, signal generators and oscilloscopes
Category: Condensed Matter

[280] viXra:1908.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 07:57:39

Calculation by Uff Method of Frequencies and Vibrational Temperatures of the Unit Cell of the Rhodochrosite Crystal

Authors: Ricardo Gobato, Marcia Regina Risso Gobato, Alireza Heidari
Comments: 5 Pages. International Journal of Advanced Chemistry, 7 (2) (2019) 77-81

The electronic oscillator circuit that uses the mechanical resonance of a vibrating crystal of piezoelectric material to create an electrical signal with a precise frequency is a crystal oscillator. Particularly one using a quartz crystal works by distorting the crystal with an electric field, when voltage is applied to an electrode near or on the crystal. Other crystals such as rhodochrosite also have piezoelectric properties. The rhodochrosite as crystal oscillator for being an alternative to those of quartz. The rhodochrosite (MnC03) shows complete solid solution with siderite (FeC03), and it may contain substantial amounts of Zn, Mg, Co, and Ca. A molecular dynamic via molecular mechanics using the UFF (Universal Forces Field) provided the vibrational frequencies of the fundamental structure of the crystal molecule. The frequencies and vibrational temperatures of the unit cell of rhodochrosite obtained by UFF were calculated in the range from 0.6059 to 1,731.38 cm-1 and 0.87 to 2,491.06 K, respectively.
Category: Chemistry

[279] viXra:1908.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 07:59:10

The Problem P=NP

Authors: Thierry DELORT
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this article, we are going to solve the problem P=NP for a particular kind of problems called basic problems of numerical determination. Nonetheless, this solution can be generalized to all problems belonging to class P or NP. We are going to propose 3 fundamental Axioms permitting to solve the problem P=NP, but those Axioms can also be considered as pure logical assertions, intuitively evident and never contradicted, permitting to understand the solution of the problem P=NP. Indeed, we will see that the conclusion of this article solves the considered problem.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[278] viXra:1908.0292 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-20 12:34:31

The Concept of Time

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 4 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

In physics, the begin of the universe poses interpretation problems. This can be resolved by restricting the range of proper time to a subset of the range of events.
Category: Quantum Physics

[277] viXra:1908.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 08:38:59

Particle Physics and Energy Fields.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 6 Pages.

In the first two papers on energy fields, we examined the basic principles for the interactions between energy fields, and analyzed the nature of potential, orbital and rotational energy fields. Here we apply those basic principles to particle physics and make further proposals. The results may provide an alternative explanation for the nature of particles, an alternative explanation for the behavior of particles in colliders, and an alternative explanation for the nature of matter and anti-matter.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[276] viXra:1908.0290 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-17 00:37:36

The Introduction of the Einstein Model of a Solid to Analytical Psychology.

Authors: Theodoros Aliferis
Comments: 8 Pages.

If we intend to bridge physics and psychology one of the shortest paths is through Thermodynamics and Analytical Psychology (AP). That is because in AP both the First and the Second Law of Thermodynamics, are well defined (Principle of Equivalence, Principle of Entropy). There are not too many thermodynamic models. As a result our choices are limited. The Einstein model of a Solid (ES) is a thermodynamic model with applications in thermodynamics, quantum statistics and solid state physics. I intend to show that the ES is a suitable model to bridge thermodynamics and theoretical AP. The approach I follow is an attempt to match the abstract entities of AP to those of the ES. I also attempt to prove that the conditions on which the ES is based, agree with AP. Finally I attempt to solve a crucial paradox met in theoretical AP, but not explained yet. The results of this paper could be summarized as follows: I prove that a match between the abstract entities of AP and those of the ES can be achieved. I prove that two of the conditions, on which the ES is based, are clearly met in AP. I meet no conflict between the rest of the conditions of the ES and the theory of AP. Finally I explain and solve the paradox. The Conclusions/Significance of this research is that I introduce algebraic expressions in AP. Additionally, I help both the practitioner and theorist of AP as any improved theory would. Keywords: Einstein solid, Analytical psychology, Entropy.
Category: Social Science

[275] viXra:1908.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 10:43:17

Matter Creation Principle (Part IV)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 14 Pages.

Let's remember our main argument in this papers series "Matter Creation Principle" I have claimed the following: (1)Light with velocity 1.16 mkm/sec travels for 1 second period only (2)Light Motion for 1Second causes Planet to move for 1 solar day (3)Based on Planet motion for 1 solar day – Solar Planets are created… (4)Specifically – Pluto motion for 1 solar day is a result of light motion for 1 second period (light velocity =1.16 mkm/sec) and based on Pluto motion for 1 solar day – the planets diameters are created that's why Pluto Motion Distance Daily = 406000 km= Planets Diameters Total But (5)We have discovered that Earth Moon Orbit defines solar Planets diameters Where a.Apogee Radius = Solar Planets Diameters Total b.Perigee Radius = Outer Planets Diameters Total c.Apogee–Perigee Distance =inner planets diameters total =Earth Circumference (6)Based on the previous data we have concluded that (1st Conclusion) Pluto and Earth Moon together effect on Solar Planets Diameters Creation process (2nd Conclusion) light beam with velocity 1.16 mkm/sec is sent from Pluto to Earth causes the Earth Axial Tilt (23.45 degrees) Also (7)We have discovered that 2 Jupiter Diameters +1 Saturn Diameter = Solar Planets Diameters Total =406000 km (8)i.e. Jupiter Diameter = 8 Planets Diameters Total (9)These relationships are depended also on light beam velocity 1.16 mkm /sec What we need to do in this paper? The previous claim is a heavy one, so we need to discuss (1st) More Proves & Details (2nd) How does this machine work? Let's start immediately… Please Note Paper Methodology is mentioned in "Matter Creation Principle (Part III)"
Category: Astrophysics

[274] viXra:1908.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 11:43:49

Learning a Function Over Distributions

Authors: Glenn Healey, Shiyuan Zhao
Comments: 16 Pages.

We present a method for learning a function over distributions. The method is based on generalizing nonparametric kernel regression by using the earth mover's distance as a metric for distribution space. The technique is applied to the problem of learning the dependence of pitcher performance in baseball on multidimensional pitch distributions that are controlled by the pitcher. The distributions are derived from sensor measurements that capture the physical properties of each pitch. Finding this dependence allows the recovery of optimal pitch frequencies for individual pitchers. This application is amenable to the use of signatures to represent the distributions and a whitening step is employed to account for the correlations and variances of the pitch variables. Cross validation is used to optimize the kernel smoothing parameter. A set of experiments demonstrates that the method accurately predicts changes in pitcher performance in response to changes in pitch distribution.
Category: Statistics

[273] viXra:1908.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-15 13:34:56

Energy Fields of the Planets.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 8 Pages.

The forces of nature are reviewed and analyzed from first principles, without any pre-conceptions. The review is based on the earlier analysis of Energy Fields around conductors, solenoids, permanent magnets and rotating bodies [1][2]. Here we continue the analysis of interactions between Rotational energy fields. The proposals may provide an alternative explanation for the "magnetic" fields of the Planets of our Solar System.
Category: Astrophysics

[272] viXra:1908.0286 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-15 17:26:00

A New Appraoch to Proof the Riemann Hypothesis Using New Operator

Authors: Rafik Zeraoulia
Comments: 09 Pages. no comment

In this note we present a new approach to proof the Riemann hypothesis one of the most important open problem in pure mathematics using a new operator derived from unitary operator groups acts on Riemann-Siegal function and it uses partition function for Hamiltonian operator , The interest idea is to compute the compositional inverse of Riemann zeta function at $s=-\frac12$ such as we show that:$\zeta^{-1}(-\frac12) =\zeta(\frac12+i \beta)=0$ for some $\beta >0 $
Category: Mathematical Physics

[271] viXra:1908.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 07:18:51

Atomic Trojan Horse

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

"Our experiment shows for the first time that the Trojan horse method actually works," says Bernhard Hidding from the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland, the principal investigator of a study published today in Nature Physics. [43] Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42] A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[270] viXra:1908.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 08:14:33

Fluid Solution: Reynolds Number & Laminar Flow & Planck Units & Friedmann Units

Authors: David E. Fuller, Dahl Winters, Ruud Loeffen, Warren Giordano
Comments: 2 Pages.

Space Time using The Fluid Solution & Bulk Modulus
Category: Quantum Physics

[269] viXra:1908.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 13:29:12

Nuclear Structure and Allotropes.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 9 Pages.

In the first two papers on energy fields, we examined the basic principles for the interactions between energy fields, and analyzed the nature of potential, orbital and rotational energy fields. Here we apply those basic principles to nuclear physics and make further proposals. The results may provide an alternative explanation for the forces at the sub-atomic level, and an alternative explanation for the existence of allotropes - the different forms of an element.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[268] viXra:1908.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 14:33:35

Possible Traces of Resonance Signaling in the Genome

Authors: Ivan Savelyev, Max Myakishev-Rempel
Comments: 11 Pages.

Although theories regarding the role of sequence-specific DNA resonance in biology have abounded for over 40 years, the published evidence for it is lacking. Here, the authors reasoned that for sustained resonance signaling, the number of oscillating DNA sequences per genome should be exceptionally high and that, therefore, genomic repeats of various sizes are good candidates for serving as resonators. Moreover, it was suggested that for the two DNA sequences to resonate, they do not necessarily have to be identical. Therefore, the existence of sequences differing in the primary sequence but having similar resonating sub-structures was proposed. It was hypothesized that such sequences, named HIDERs, would be enriched in the genomes of multicellular species. Specifically, it was hypothesized that delocalized electron clouds of purine-pyrimidine sequences could serve as the basis of HIDERs. The consequent genomic analysis confirmed the enrichment of purine-pyrimidine HIDERs in a few selected genomes of mammals, an insect, and a plant, compared to randomized sequence controls. Similarly, it was suggested that hypothetical delocalized proton clouds of the hydrogen bonds of multiple stacked bases could serve as sequence-dependent hydrogen-bond-based HIDERs. Similarly, the enrichment of such HIDERs was observed. It is suggested that these enrichments are the first evidence in support of sequence-specific resonance signaling in the genome.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[267] viXra:1908.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 00:56:26

20 Qubits Schrodinger Cat

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

An international team, including researchers from several leading American universities, together with experts from Forschungszentrum Jülich, have now succeeded in transforming 20 entangled quantum bits into such a state of superposition. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[266] viXra:1908.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 01:24:55

Solid State Characterization of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Magnesium

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

Magnesium (Mg) is abundantly present in the human body, which is important for many metabolic activities, and normal functioning of cells, muscles, heart, bones, etc. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical properties of Mg powder using PXRD and PSA analytical techniques. Mg powder sample was divided into two parts, one part of Mg was considered as control (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), while the second part received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and termed as a Consciousness Energy Healing Treated sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated Mg were significantly altered ranging from 2.86% to 16.51% and 6.79% to 52.30%, respectively compared to the control sample. Overall the average crystallite size of the treated Mg sample was significantly increased by 16.92% compared with the control sample. The particle size values in the treated Mg were significantly decreased by 5.5% (d10), 7.26% (d50), 8.63% (d90), and 7.69% {D(4,3)} compared to the control sample. The specific surface area of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Mg powder (0.0187m2/g) was significantly increased by 7.47% compared with the control sample (0.0174m2/g). The Trivedi Effect® might lead to generate a new polymorphic form of Mg which would show better solubility in solvents compared with the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Mg would be very useful for the prevention and treatment of many diseases such as hypomagnesaemia, ventricular arrhythmias and the prevention of sudden cardiac death, migraine, inflammatory diseases, immunological disorders, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, diabetes mellitus, cancer, gestational hypertension, oxidative stress, etc. It would be more beneficial for the designing of nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations, and other metal and chemical industries.
Category: Biochemistry

[265] viXra:1908.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 01:48:04

Biological Clocks Locked in Sync

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Scientists from EPFL's Institute of Bioengineering have discovered that the circadian clock and the cell-cycle are, in fact, synchronized. [26] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a molecular switch that causes immune cells called macrophages to clean up cellular debris caused by infections instead of contributing to inflammation and tissue injury. [25] Working with mouse and human tissue, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report new evidence that a protein pumped out of some—but not all—populations of "helper" cells in the brain, called astrocytes, plays a specific role in directing the formation of connections among neurons needed for learning and forming new memories. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[264] viXra:1908.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 02:13:15

Counterintuitive Physics in Living Organism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Ever since the late 19th century, physicists have known about a counterintuitive property of some electric circuits called negative resistance. [27] Scientists from EPFL's Institute of Bioengineering have discovered that the circadian clock and the cell-cycle are, in fact, synchronized. [26] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a molecular switch that causes immune cells called macrophages to clean up cellular debris caused by infections instead of contributing to inflammation and tissue injury. [25] Working with mouse and human tissue, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report new evidence that a protein pumped out of some—but not all—populations of "helper" cells in the brain, called astrocytes, plays a specific role in directing the formation of connections among neurons needed for learning and forming new memories. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[263] viXra:1908.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 02:34:20

Diffractive Neural Network

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

A new paper in Advanced Photonics demonstrates distinct improvements to the inference and generalization performance of diffractive optical neural networks. [29] A team of researchers from the University of Münster, the University of Oxford and the University of Exeter has built an all-optical neural network on a single chip. [28] Physicists from Petrozavodsk State University have proposed a new method for oscillatory neural network to recognize simple images. Such networks with an adjustable synchronous state of individual neurons have, presumably, dynamics similar to neurons in the living brain. [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[262] viXra:1908.0274 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-14 10:40:22

Refutation of the Paradox of Hempel’s Raven

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the hypothesis which is not tautologous and hence not a paradox. It forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[261] viXra:1908.0273 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-14 10:41:21

Refutation of Differential Reasoning

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We refute Hempel’s raven paradox elsewhere, hence refuting differential reasoning which forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[260] viXra:1908.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:45:24

Definition Ⅴ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is definition ⑤
Category: General Mathematics

[259] viXra:1908.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:51:29

Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Chromium Trioxide (CrO3): Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Chromium trioxide (CrO3) has many industrial applications for the manufacturing of aerospace parts, synthetic rubies, stripping agent, etc. but it is very hygroscopic, toxic and powerful oxidizing material. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of CrO3 using modern analytical techniques. The sample was divided into two parts, one part of the test sample was considered as the control sample (no Biofield Treatment was provided), while another portion received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and termed as the treated sample. The particle size values of the treated CrO3 were increased by 2.39%, 4.52%, 4.42%, and 4.15% at d10, d50, d90, and D(4,3), respectively compared to the control sample. Thus, the specific surface area of the treated CrO3 was decreased by 4.27% compared with the control sample. The PXRD peak intensities of the treated CrO3 were significantly altered ranging from -73.48% to 212.5% compared with the control sample. Similarly, the crystallite sizes of the treated sample were significantly altered ranging from -38.7% to 167.39% compared to the control sample. However, the average crystallite size of the treated sample was increased by 4.25% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion of the treated sample was significantly increased by 556.45% compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might produce a new polymorphic form of CrO3 which would be better powder flowability and lower solubility; hence it will show the lower absorption and toxicity on inhalation, ingestion, contact to skin and eye, chronic exposure, and aggravation of pre-existing conditions. The Biofield Energy Treated CrO3 sample would be very useful for the ceramic industry manufacturing the synthetic rubies, stripping agent of anodic coatings, aerospace parts, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[258] viXra:1908.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:52:03

The Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Silver Oxide (Ag2O)

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Silver oxide possesses antimicrobial properties and also has numerous applications in space research, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries. It is not readily soluble in most of the solvents and highly sensitive to light. Thus, this study was executed to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of silver oxide using PSA, PXRD, and DSC analytical techniques. The test sample was divided into two parts: one part was control sample and the other part was treated sample. The control sample did not receive Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas the treated sample received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak. The particle size values of the treated silver oxide powder were significantly decreased at d10, d50, d90, and D(4,3) by 9.507%, 4.957%, 3.463%, and 4.787% respectively, thus the specific surface area was significantly increased by 7.647% compared with the control sample. The peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered from -91.53% to 26.92% and -69.76% to 8.83%, respectively; however, the average crystallite size was significantly decreased by 35.62% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The melting point and latent heat of fusion of the treated silver oxide were significantly increased by 2.47% and 538.57%, respectively compared with the control sample. The results suggested that the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment might have introduced a new polymorphic form of silver oxide which would show better solubility, dissolution rate, absorption, bioavailability, and thermal stability. The treated silver oxide would be more efficacious as a medicine in the body and also advantageous for the pharmaceutical, space, chemical, nuclear submarine, optoelectronic industry when using it as a raw material.
Category: Biochemistry

[257] viXra:1908.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:53:02

Assessment of the Influence of Biofield Energy Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Lead Using PXRD, PSA, and DSC

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

The lead metal is used for different purposes, i.e. contraceptive, cosmetics, ornaments, glasses, glazes, enamels, writing material, currency, construction, lead-acid battery, etc. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of lead using PXRD, PSA, and DSC analysis. The lead sample was divided into control and treated parts. The control sample did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment, whereas the treated sample received the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a famous Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -60.54% to -37.5% and -17.86% to 177.74%, respectively; whereas the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 138.96% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The particle size values were significantly increased by 59.62% (d10), 118.05% (d50), 1976.76% (d90) and 1045.85% {D(4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly decreased by 51.15% in the Biofield Treated lead sample compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion was significantly increased by 15.53% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have generated a new polymorphic form of lead which could have better powder flowability and more thermal stability compared with the untreated sample. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Treated lead might minimize the lead poisoning/toxicity of the people continuosly associated with the pipe, paint, food, mining, plastic, glass, chemical, and alloys manufacturing industry.
Category: Biochemistry

[256] viXra:1908.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:53:46

Particle Size, Surface Area, Crystallite Size, and Thermal Analysis of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Selenium

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient, which has various physiological functions and also required for the prevention and treatment of Se deficiency diseases. The objective of the research work was to evaluate the effect of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of Se powder using PSA, PXRD, and DSC analytical technique. The Se powder sample was divided into two parts. One part of Se was called as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), while the second part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a famous Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values of the treated Se powder were significantly decreased by 17.51%(d10), 13.26%(d50), 8.68%(d90), and 11.24%{D(4,3)}; therefore, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 17.68% compared to the control sample. The Powder XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated Se were significantly altered ranging from -18.14% to 2.19% and -4.3% to 14.29% respectively; however, the average crystallite size was increased by 1.54% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion of the treated Se was significantly increased by 10.33% compared with the control sample. All results concluded that a new polymorphic form of Se might have generated after the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment which may be better soluble, bioavailable, and thermally more stable compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect® Treated selenium would be more efficacious nutraceutical and pharmaceutical formulations for the treatment of cancer, type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, viral diseases, stress, aging, muscle disorders, male infertility, neurological disorders, degenerative ailments, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[255] viXra:1908.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 05:54:16

Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Lead Using PXRD, PSA, and DSC Analysis

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

The lead metal is widely used for cosmetics, contraceptive, ornaments, enamels, currency, construction, lead-acid battery, etc. The research objective was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of the lead sample using the modern analytical technique. The sample was divided into two parts, one part of the sample was considered as the control sample, while the second part of the sample was received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and was termed as the treated sample. The particle size values were significantly increased by 18.08% (d10), 55.42% (d50), 1328.55% (d90), and 782.79% [D (4,3)], thus the specific surface area was significantly decreased by 32.7% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The powder XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered from 31.21% to 140.79% and -3.05% to 142.47% respectively; whereas, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 49.42% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion was significantly increased by 6.53% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect® might be responsible for the generation of the new polymorphic form of lead which could have better powder flowability, and more thermally stable compared with the untreated sample. The Biofield Energy Treated sample might reduce the lead poisoning of the people continuously associated with the industries manufacturing paint, pipe, food, and alloys. The thermally stable treated lead also be advantageous for the metal industry.
Category: Biochemistry

[254] viXra:1908.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 07:46:05

Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Telogen Skin of Hair Follicles of C57BL/6 Mice

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Development of hair follicle is undergoing cycles of three phases like anagen, catagen, and telogen. Adequate hair growth is essential for social interaction and outlook in human life. In this context, the present study was performed for the assessment of the impact of Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect® ) Treatment on the test item (1:1 ratio mixture of herbal extracts of Phyllantus emblica and Eclipta alba) in C57BL/6 mice. The test item was divided into two parts. One part was denoted as the untreated and test item without any Biofield Energy Treatment, while the other part was defined as the Biofield Energy Treated test item, which received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The study parameters like anagen induction and visual melanogenesis using skin biopsy technique were used in this experiment for the assessment of hair growth phages.The experimental results of the untreated and Biofield Energy Treated test item groups showed 50% and 60%, respectively of hair growth on dorsal clipped skin after topical application compared to the vehicle control group. Besides, the Biofield Energy Treated test item exhibited 60% melanogenesis after biopsy analysis in mice skin at the end of experiment compared with the vehicle control group. The overall results demonstrated that the Biofield Energy Treatment has the potential for hair growth promotion as evident via increased hair growth and melanogenesis. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect® ) Treatment could be useful as a hair growth promoter for various treatment of skin injuries and skin-related disorders like necrotizing fasciitis, actinic keratosis, sebaceous cysts, diaper rash, decubitus ulcer, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[253] viXra:1908.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 08:35:41

Superconductivity, Passive-Rotation and Levitation.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 7 Pages.

The forces of nature are reviewed and analyzed from first principles, without any pre-conceptions. The review is based on the earlier analysis of Energy Fields around conductors, solenoids, permanent magnets and rotating bodies [1]. In this paper, we develop further proposals for interactions between energy fields. The results may provide an alternative explanation for passive-rotation and also for super-conducting-levitation and Cooper Pairs.
Category: Condensed Matter

[252] viXra:1908.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 08:43:44

Dark Matter Detector Search for Gold

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

A method for locating seams of gold and other heavy metals is the unlikely spin-off of Swinburne's involvement in a huge experiment to detect dark matter down a mine in Stawell, Victoria. [28] The key component of the LUX-ZEPLIN experiment is ready to be sealed and lowered nearly 1.5 km underground, where it will search for dark matter. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[251] viXra:1908.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 09:36:08

War Around Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

In the summer of 2009, theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde had a brainwave that developed into a radical new idea about gravity and the universe as an ocean of information. Ten years later, the last word about this has not yet been said. [21] An international research team including astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has combined radio telescopes from five continents to prove the existence of a narrow stream of material, a so-called jet, emerging from the only gravitational wave event involving two neutron stars ever observed. [20] The improvement will see the twin observatories-located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US-double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[250] viXra:1908.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 10:05:14

Plasmonic-Photonic Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

A group of researchers led by Professor Myakzyum Salakhov has been working on the problem of optical states in plasmonic-photonic crystals (PPCs). [41] Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40] A novel quantum effect observed in a carbon nanotube film could lead to the development of unique lasers and other optoelectronic devices, according to scientists at Rice University and Tokyo Metropolitan University. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[249] viXra:1908.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 10:29:31

Thinnest Optical Waveguide Channels

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the thinnest optical device in the world—a waveguide that is three layers of atoms thin. [42] A group of researchers led by Professor Myakzyum Salakhov has been working on the problem of optical states in plasmonic-photonic crystals (PPCs). [41] Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40]
Category: Condensed Matter

[248] viXra:1908.0260 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-21 11:45:52

Recent Advances in the Modal Model Checker Meth8 with VŁ4 Universal Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 32 Pages. Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com; email: info@cec-services . com

We use the Meth8/VŁ4 modal logic model checker to evaluate 611 artifacts in 3192 assertions to refute 2650 as non tautologous (83.0%). This is the abstract, table of results, and table of contents. The current document in 1004-pages includes the availability of Meth8/VŁ4 and is requestable from info@ersatz-systems.com.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[247] viXra:1908.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 10:58:34

Improve Optical Data Transmission

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Engineers at the University of Illinois have found a way to redirect misfit light waves to reduce energy loss during optical data transmission. [43] Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the thinnest optical device in the world—a waveguide that is three layers of atoms thin. [42] A group of researchers led by Professor Myakzyum Salakhov has been working on the problem of optical states in plasmonic-photonic crystals (PPCs). [41] Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[246] viXra:1908.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 13:30:20

Moteur Alternatif Mécanique

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 10 Pages.

Un travail en mécanique des moteurs , vos avis et vos collaborations sont les bienvenues.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[245] viXra:1908.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 14:56:28

Matter Creation Principle (Part III)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 13 Pages.

Matter Creation Principle (Part III) Abstract Paper Hypothesis There's a light beam its velocity 1.16 mkm/sec travels from Pluto to Earth Axis which creates the connection between Pluto on one side and Earth with her Moon on the other Side Based on this connection Pluto and the Moon orbit effect on Solar Planets Creation Process This hypothesis depends on Solar System General Principle -Solar group geometrical structure depends on energy of light beam motion (its velocity 1.16 mkm/sec) for one second period -Light motion (1.16 mkm/sec) for 1 second period causes Planet to move for 1 solar day..
Category: Astrophysics

[244] viXra:1908.0256 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-21 13:52:33

The Higgs Boson and the Weak Force IVBs: Gatekeepers of the Multiverse

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 7 Pages. replacing postscript

Abstract The Higgs boson and its associated IVBs may be fairly characterized as "gate-keepers" of the Multiverse, in that they control/regulate the asymmetric products (such as our "matter only" Cosmos) that emerge from the "all-symmetric" domain of the Multiverse (i.e., the quantum-mechanical universal "void" of Heisenberg/Dirac).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[243] viXra:1908.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 15:27:03

De Broglie Interval Wave and Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this work a more accurate interpretation of de Broglie waves as interval waves is given, i.e., spatio-temporal waves. Also given a strict derivation of the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle from the de Broglie interval wave, that is, from wave-particle duality, is given. Proven that that the uncertainty principle expresses the fact that in the microworld our concepts (length, time, etc.) are not fundamental, and therefore they can change in a certain way. The problem of the radius of an elementary particle is also logically explained.
Category: Quantum Physics

[242] viXra:1908.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 17:31:10

L'injection Mécanique Automatique

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 2 Pages.

C'est un travail sur l'injection mécanique automatique dans un moteur .Vous trouverez un résultat très important qui aide à deviner la forme de la combustion et donc aide à usiner la bonne tête de piston.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[241] viXra:1908.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 23:49:23

Please read this: Faith has Reasons

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 14 Pages.

Faith has Reasons
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[240] viXra:1908.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 00:21:59

Dedinition Ⅳ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is definition ④.
Category: General Mathematics

[239] viXra:1908.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 02:05:18

Evaluation of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Berberine Chloride Using PXRD, PSA, and DSC Analysis

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 10 Pages.

Berberine is one of the well-known traditional Chinese medicines and it has been significantly effective against various ailments. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on its physicochemical properties by using PXRD, PSA, TGA/DTG, and DSC analytical techniques. The sample was divided into two parts; the first part was considered as a control sample (without treatment), while the second part was received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by the Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and denoted as the treated sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were altered ranging from -28.78% to 115.15% and -15.76% to 241.38%, respectively; however the average crystallite size was increased significantly by 23.05% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The particle sizes were significantly increased by 16.89% (d10), 34.41% (d50), 21.88% (d90), and 22.85 % {D (4,3)}, which resulted in the significant increase in the specific surface area by 14.74% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The thermal analysis indicated 3.98% increase in weight loss and 3.64% decrease in the residue weight of the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat for the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th peaks of the treated sample were significantly altered by 224.78%, 7.93%, 8.92%, -9.05%, -45.82%, and 10.93%, respectively, compared to the control sample. The overall analysis indicated that the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treated berberine chloride might possess better solubility, absorption, and thermal stability compared to the untreated sample. Thus, the Trivedi Effect® could be used in improving the bioavailability of berberine chloride and might be used for designing the novel nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations to combat various diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[238] viXra:1908.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 02:05:53

Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Sulfamethoxazole: Influence of the Energy of Consciousness Healing Treatment

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Sulfamethoxazole is a broad spectrum antibiotic that acts as a bacteriostatic antibacterial agent. This study was aimed to analyze the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on the physicochemical and thermal properties of sulfamethoxazole with the help of advanced analytical techniques. Sulfamethoxazole sample was divided into two parts. Among these, one part received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a well-known Biof-ield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and termed as the treated sample. While the other part did not receive the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment called a control sample. The study revealed that the particle size values in the treated sample were significantly reduced by 19.71 % (d10), 6.28 % (d50), 5.40 % (d90), and 7.98 % {D (4, 3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 12.63 % compared with the untreated sample. The powder XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were altered significantly ranging from -32.49 % to 120.17 % and 0.45 % to 101.86 %, respectively; whereas, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 33.13 % in the treated sample compared with the con-trol sample. The TGA data reported 8.35 % increase in total weight loss and 19.55 % significant reduction of the residual amount in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion was significantly increased by 10.34 % and the degradation temperature along with the corresponding latent heat of decomposition of the treated sample was increased by 5.52 % and 11.16 %, respectively compared with the untreated sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Conscious-ness Energy Healing Treatment might have created a new polymorphic form of sulfamethoxazole which would be better soluble and bioavailable compared with the untreated sample. The Trivedi Effect Treated sulfamethoxazole might be more beneficial for designing more efficacious novel nutraceutical / pharmaceutical formulations for the prevention and treatment of various diseases such as urinary tract infections, ear infections, traveler’s diarrhea, shigellosis, bronchitis, and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[237] viXra:1908.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 02:06:20

Single-Photon Source

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Single photons can be an essential qubit source for these applications. [43] Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the thinnest optical device in the world—a waveguide that is three layers of atoms thin. [42] A group of researchers led by Professor Myakzyum Salakhov has been working on the problem of optical states in plasmonic-photonic crystals (PPCs). [41] Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[236] viXra:1908.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 02:06:26

Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Cefazolin Sodium: A Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 11 Pages.

Cefazolin is a semisynthetic broad-spectrum first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial infections. The objective of this research work was to evaluate the impact of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on the physicochemical, and thermal properties of cefazolin sodium powder using modern analytical techniques. Cefazolin powder sample was divided into two parts. One part of the sample was considered as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), while the other part of the sample was received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values in the treated cefazolin sodium were decreased by 5.98%(d10), 3.55%(d50), 6.66%(d90), and 5.89%{D(4,3)}; hence, the specific surface area increased by 4.54% compared to the control sample. The latent heat of evaporation and decomposition was significantly altered by 57.32% and -24.39% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was significantly decreased by 68.92% and the residue amount was significantly increased by 519.64% in the treated cefazolin sodium sample compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature of the 1st and 2nd peaks of the treated sample was increased by 8.72% and 1.42%, respectively compared to the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might have generated a new form of cefazolin sodium which would offer better solubility, dissolution rate, bioavailability, and thermal stability compared to the control sample. The Biofield Energy Treated cefazolin sodium would be very useful to design more efficacious pharmaceutical formulations that might offer better therapeutic response against urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, cellulitis, pneumonia, endocarditis, joint infection, biliary tract infections, blood infections, genital infections, and also prevent group B streptococcal disease at the time of delivery and before surgery, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[235] viXra:1908.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 02:06:59

Role of Vitamin D3 on Bone Health in Human Bone Osteosarcoma Cells (MG-63): Influence of Biofield Energy Healing Treatment

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

The aim was to evaluate the impact of Biofield Treated vitamin D3 and DMEM on bone health. The test items (TI), were divided into two parts. One part of each sample received Consciousness Energy Treatment by Gopal Nayak and those samples were labeled as Biofield Treated (BT), while other parts of each sample were denoted as untreated test items (UT). MTT data showed test samples were found safe and nontoxic in tested concentrations. ALP was significantly increased by 213.46% and 218.66% in BT-DMEM + UT-TI and BT-DMEM + BT-TI, respectively at 1 µg/mL compared to UT-DMEM + UT-TI. Moreover, ALP was significantly increased by 200.79% and 187.09% in BT-DMEM + UT-TI and BT-DMEM + BT-TI, respectively at 10 µg/mL than untreated. Collagen synthesis was significantly increased by 551.25% and 130.31% in BT-DMEM + UT-TI and BT-DMEM + BT-TI, respectively at 1 µg/mL than untreated. Collagen was significantly increased by 401.97% in BT-DMEM + UT-TI at 10 µg/mL, while increased by 197.57% and 276.82% in UT-DMEM + BT-TI and BT-DMEM + UT-TI, respectively at 50 µg/mL than untreated. Percent bone mineralization was significantly increased by 186.86% and 188.23% in BT-DMEM + UT-TI and BT-DMEM + BT-TI, respectively at 10 µg/mL than untreated. It was further increased significantly by 224.04% and 156.72% in BT-DMEM + UT-TI and BT-DMEM + BT-TI, respectively at 50 µg/mL than untreated. Overall, data suggests that Biofield Treated vitamin D3 could be a potential alternative nutraceutical supplement to combat vitamin D3 deficiency and fight against various bone disorders.
Category: Biochemistry

[234] viXra:1908.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 03:09:39

Brief Overview of the Theory of Relativity and Modern Science.

Authors: Valentín Ibáñez Fernández
Comments: 13 Pages.

ABSTRACT The special theory of relativity has been adopting as the basis of modern theoretical physics. Any assumption or contradiction is declaring erroneous. Nevertheless, because of the lack of argument, and therefore not understanding, many people think that the special theory of relativity is true, although they do not know why. In addition, there are still three scientific assessments in the academic environment. 1. The theory is correct and is one of the most outstanding discoveries of the 20th century. 2. The theory is a combination of truth and untruth. 3. The theory is absurd. Some consideration of modern science on the special theory of relativity. The Nobel Prize Committee refused to award premium to Einstein for the special theory of relativity. Consequently, it is vital to investigate the essence of theory. This investigation is of unprecedented importance in terms of developing the science, philosophy and technology.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[233] viXra:1908.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 03:52:52

Atoms Vibrate in Graphene Nanostructures

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Vienna, the Advanced Institute of Science and Technology in Japan, the company JEOL and La Sapienza University in Rome have developed a method capable to measure all phonons existing in a nanostructured material. [48] Now, researchers from Brown University's School of Engineering have explained how the phenomenon works, and that explanation could pave the way for a new type of controlled molecular self-assembly. [47] The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46]
Category: Condensed Matter

[232] viXra:1908.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 04:13:18

Patterns in Water and Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Called solitons, these phenomena emerge as solitary waves and can travel long distances while maintaining their shape and speed, even after colliding with other waves. [48] Now, researchers from Brown University's School of Engineering have explained how the phenomenon works, and that explanation could pave the way for a new type of controlled molecular self-assembly. [47] The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46]
Category: Condensed Matter

[231] viXra:1908.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 04:38:24

On Mass Interaction Principle

Authors: Chu-Jun Gu
Comments: 110 Pages.

This paper proposes mass interaction principle (MIP) as: the particles will be subjected to the random frictionless quantum Brownian motion by the collision of space time particle (STP) prevalent in spacetime. The change in the amount of action of the particles during each collision is an integer multiple of the Planck constant h. The motion of particles under the action of STP is a quantum Markov process. Under this principle, we infer that the statistical inertial mass of a particle is a statistical property that characterizes the difficulty of particle diffusion in spacetime. Starting from this principle, this article has the following six aspects of work: First, we derive the mass-diffusion coefficient uncertainty and the quantized commutation, and derive the most basic coordinate-momentum uncertainty and time-energy uncertainty of quantum mechanics, and then clearly reveal the particle-wave duality, which are properties exhibited by particles collided by STP. Second, we created the three decompositions of particles velocity. The comprehensive property of three velocities deduced the equation of motion of the particle as Schrödinger equation, and made a novel interpretation of Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle and Feynman’s path integral expression. And reexamine the quantum measurement problem, so that the EPR paradox can be explained in a self-consistent manner. Third, we reinterpret the physical origin of quantum spins. Each spacetime random impact not only gives the particle of matter the action of a Planck constant , but also produces the quantum fluctuation properties of the material particles. Futhermore, the quantum spin properties of the material particles are also produced, which reveals the statistical quality of 1/2 spin particles and the coexistence relationship of their spins. The particle spin properties ultimately reflect the spacetime properties of STP and particles, which leads to an important result that any spin 1/2 elementary particles will be massive. Fourth, we derive the physical origin of the special relativity, and prove that the hypothesis of constant speed of light is actually the intrinsic property of spacetime. This naturally leads to the three basic inferences of the special theory of relativity, namely, “mass enhancement”, “time dilation” and “length contraction” effects. Fifth, we can perfectly explain the nature of photons based on the topological and dynamic properties of STP, thus naturally obtain the complete electromagnetic theory and all important properties of charge. Sixth, we naturally derive the gravitation from the interaction of the fundamental particles of microscopic matter, namely the massive fermion and STP. Furthermore, we can judge from the overall perspective of modern physics that the inertia mass of fermions must be equal to the gravitational mass. We have obtained the equivalent principle combined with Newton’s universal gravitation, from which we can derive all the important contents of general relativity. Both inertial mass and gravitational mass are no longer the basic physical quantities. The two are indeed equivalent, which come from the statistical mass of STP collisions. This paper shows that STP can interact with matter particles in space time. The particles of matter are affected by the impact of STP and change their motional state. The mass of a particle is a statistical property exhibited by STP collision. Under the MIP framework of interaction between STP and matter particles, the relativistic quantum electromagnetic and spin properties of particles are all self-consistent. The relativistic behavior and quantum behavior of matter particles with statistical mass are all derived from the collision of STP on matter particles. We have systematically solved all the basic problems of modern physics with MIP, which is the common origin of special theory of relativity, general theory of relativity, electromagnetic theory and quantum mechanics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[230] viXra:1908.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 04:29:05

Zinc Oxide Nanowires

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Group of researchers from Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania are offering a novel solution for high-yield nanowire production from zinc oxide—cheaper and environmentally friendlier material, compared to the rare earth elements such as indium, arsenic or gallium often used in electronics production. [39] With international collaboration, researchers at Aalto University have now developed a nanosized amplifier to help light signals propagate through microchips. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37]
Category: Condensed Matter

[229] viXra:1908.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-13 04:44:47

Atom-Flat Compounds for Optoelectronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

A Rice University lab wants its products to look sharp, even at the nanoscale. Its latest creation is right on target. [40] Group of researchers from Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania are offering a novel solution for high-yield nanowire production from zinc oxide—cheaper and environmentally friendlier material, compared to the rare earth elements such as indium, arsenic or gallium often used in electronics production. [39] With international collaboration, researchers at Aalto University have now developed a nanosized amplifier to help light signals propagate through microchips. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37]
Category: Condensed Matter

[228] viXra:1908.0239 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-18 07:13:52

Using a Grandfather Pendulum Clock to Measure the World’s Shortest Time Interval, the Planck Time (with Zero Knowledge of G).

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 5 Pages.

Haug [1, 2] has recently introduced a new theory of unified quantum gravity coined “collision space-time.” From this new and deeper understanding of mass we can also understand how a grandfather pendulum clock can be used to measure the world shortest time interval, namely the Planck time [3, 4], indirectly. Such a clock can, therefore, also be used to measure the diameter of an indivisible particle indirectly. Further, such a clock can easily measure the Schwarzschild radius of the gravity object and what we will call “Schwarzschild time.” This basically proves that the Newton gravitational constant is not needed to find the Planck length or the Planck time; it is also not needed to find the Schwarzschild radius. Unfortunately, there is significant inertia in the current physics establishment towards new ideas that could rock the fundamentals, but this is not new in the history of science. Still, the idea that the Planck time can be measured totally independent of any knowledge of Newton’s gravitational constant could be very important to move forward in physics; we hope it will be given serious consideration in the future.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[227] viXra:1908.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-12 12:05:58

'c' for Yourself! (Why a Speed Limit?)

Authors: David Colasante
Comments: 4 Pages. append figure numbers

The Euclidean lens of interval-time coordinates reveals explanations for, rather than mere descriptions of finite, universal, constant and invariant speed limit c.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[226] viXra:1908.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 22:11:42

Optical Switching Using Free Carrier Effect in Silicon

Authors: M. Omori, Y. Iida, T. Saiki
Comments: 7 Pages.

Recording and operation and control for data processing and are conducted using electricity in conventional computers. Optical computers only work on light. Since amount of data to be processed has dramatically increased in recent years, it is difficult to continue to develop computers only with technology based on the extension of semiconductor electronics. Therefore, it is necessary for the computing technology to be based on a new concept. Concerning about optical information technology increases from such a background. Various proposals for optical switching using various materials have been conducted until now. Our group has proposed an optical switch using the free carrier effect in silicon phonic waveguide by computer simulation. In this time, we report on an experimental succession of optical switching using the carrier effect of silicon. Signal light was switched by injecting violet light for control on silicon.
Category: Classical Physics

[225] viXra:1908.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 00:52:35

Puzzling Radii of Calcium Isotopes: $^{40}{\rm Ca} \rightarrow ^{44}{\rm Ca} \rightarrow ^{48}{\rm Ca} \rightarrow ^{52}{\rm Ca}$}, and Duality in the Structure of $^{42}_{14}{\rm Si}_{28}$ and $^{48}_{20}{\rm Ca}_{28}$

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas, Anisul Ain Usmni, Usuf Rahaman, Mohammad Ikram
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this paper we study the issue of the puzzle of the radii of calcium isotopes. Despite an excess of eight neutrons, strangely $^{48}{\rm Ca}$ exhibits essentially the same charge radius as $^{40}{\rm Ca}$ does. A fundamental microscopic description of this is still lacking. Also strange is a peak in charge radius of calcium at N = 24. The $^{52}{\rm Ca}$ (N = 32) nucleus, well known to be doubly magical, amazingly has recently been found to have a very large charge radius. Also amazing is the property of $^{42}_{14}{\rm Si}_{28}$ which simultaneously appears to be both magical/spherical and strongly deformed as well. We use a Quantum Chromodynamics based model, which treats triton as elementary entity to make up $^{42}_{14}{\rm Si}_{28}$. We show here how this QCD based model is able to provide a consistent physical understanding of simultaneity of magicity/sphericity and strong deformation of a single nucleus. This brings in an essential duality in the structure of $^{42}_{14}{\rm Si}_{28}$ and subsequently also that of $^{48}_{20}{\rm Ca}_{28}$ We also provide consistent understanding of the puzzling radii of calcium isotopes. We predict that the radius of $^{54}{\rm Ca}$ should be even bigger than that of $^{52}{\rm Ca}$; and also that the radius of $^{60}{\rm Ca}$ should be the same as that of $^{40}{\rm Ca}$. In addiion we also show wherefrom arises the neutron E2 effective charge of $\frac{1}{2}$.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[224] viXra:1908.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 01:03:34

The Dreams of a Revised Understanding for Relieving Tensions in Modern Physics.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 10 Pages. LHC results will confirm the observations.

...The crisis in modern physics and some suggestions for a better understanding the theories for a new physics......
Category: Quantum Physics

[223] viXra:1908.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 02:19:18

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of 6-Mercaptopurine

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

6-Mercaptopurine is a thiopurine-derivative antimetabolite, which is used for the treatment of cancer, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and autoimmune diseases. The aim of this research work was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical, and thermal properties of 6-mercaptopurine using the modern analytical technique. 6-Mercaptopurine powder sample was divided into two parts. One part of the sample was considered as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), whereas the other part was treated with Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and termed as a treated sample. The particle size values in the treated 6-mercaptopurine powder sample were significantly decreased by 5.72%(d10), 5.16%(d50), 3.75%(d90), and 4.54%{D(4,3)}; therefore, the specific surface area was increased by 4.76% compared to the control sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated powder sample were significantly altered ranging from-25% to 14.12% and-35.09% to 71.3%, respectively; whereas the average crystallite size was decreased by 2.77% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of evaporation and latent heat of fusion of the treated sample was significantly altered by 3.05% and-39.48% compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was significantly increased by 9.72%; however, the residue amount was significantly decreased by 79.89% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal degradation temperature of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd peaks of the treated sample was increased by 1.54%, 0.13%, and 5.56% compared with the control sample. From the results, it was concluded that the biofield energy treatment might have generated a new polymorphic form of 6-mercaptopurine which may offer better solubility, dissolution, absorption, and bioavailability compared with the control sample. The Biofield Energy Treated 6-mercaptopurine would be very useful to design better pharmaceutical formulations that might offer better therapeutic response against acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and autoimmune diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[222] viXra:1908.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 02:20:08

Physicochemical and Thermal Analysis of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Ofloxacin

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Ofloxacin is a synthetic fluoroquinolone broad-spectrum antibiotic used for the treatment of both Gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial infections. In this study, the impact of consciousness energy healing treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on the physicochemical and thermal properties of ofloxacin powder sample was evaluated using modern analytical techniques. The ofloxacin was divided into control and the Biofield Energy Treated sample. Only the treated ofloxacin was received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi. The particle size values in the treated ofloxacin powder were significantly increased by 10.96%(d10), 29.09%(d50), 14.03%(d90), and 12.48% {D(4,3)}; thus, the surface area was significantly decreased by 8.06% compared to the control ofloxacin. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated ofloxacin were significantly altered ranging from -70.76% to 4.73% and -70.36% to 314.81%, respectively; however, the average crystallite was significantly increased by 25.22% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion and decomposition was significantly altered by 13.43% and -53%, respectively in the treated ofloxacin compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was significantly decreased by 4.19%; however, the residue amount was significantly increased by 26.97% in the treated ofloxacin compared with the control sample. Thus, the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) might lead to generate a new polymorphic form of ofloxacin with better shape, appearance, flowability, and thermally more stable compared to the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treated ofloxacin would be very useful to design novel pharmaceutical formulations for the better therapeutic response against urinary tract infections, infections of the urethra, and cervix, pneumonia, cellulitis, diarrhoea, bronchitis, plague, tuberculosis, prostatitis, and otitis media, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[221] viXra:1908.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 02:20:47

Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment: Impact on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Silver Sulfadiazine

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 13 Pages.

Silver sulfadiazine is a topical medicine that belongs to sulfa antibiotics class of drugs and used in treating wound infections in burn patients. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on the various properties of silver sulfadiazine with the help of modern analytical techniques. The sample was divided into two parts; the first part was not given any treatment and considered as a control sample, while the second part was provided the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by the Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak remotely, named as the treated sample. The powder XRD data showed significant alterations in the peak intensities of the treated sample ranging from-30.71% to 47.54% compared to the control sample. The crystallite size was altered ranging from -78.12% to 1.47%; and the average crystallite size was significantly reduced by 31.62% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The particle sizes were decreased in the treated sample by 12.75%(d10), 4.98%(d50), 0.89%(d90), and 2.92%{D(4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 17.31% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion and latent heat of decomposition were profoundly increased by 24.62% and 156.28%, respectively in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The total weight loss was increased by 3.08% and the residue amount was reduced by 4.44% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. Thus, the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treated sample might form a new polymorph of silver sulfadiazine that possesses reduced particle size and improved thermal properties compared to the untreated sample. Therefore, the Biofield Energy treated sample can be used in nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulation, which would show a better bioavailability and therapeutic response against various infections in comparison to the control sample.
Category: Biochemistry

[220] viXra:1908.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 02:21:25

Wound Healing Activity of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatmenton HFF-1 Cells and DMEM Using Scratch Assay

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

The wound healing activity using scratch assay is considered as a convenient in vitro tool for the assessment of wound healing. The present study deals with the optimization of Biofield Energy Treatment (Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment-The Trivedi Effect®) in the HFF-1 cell line (Human Foreskin Fibroblast) and DMEM (Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium) using scratch assay against positive control, recombinant Human Epidermal Growth Factor (Hu EGF, 30 ng/mL). This methodwas used for the determination of cell proliferation and migration of fibroblast quantitatively in the scratched wounded area. The scratched area was monitored after 24 hours of wound closure in the Biofield Energy Treated HFF-1 cells and the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM groups, and the representative photomicrographs were taken in each wells using WimScratch Image analysis software. The results showed that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEMwassignificantly higher percentage of fibroblast migration i.e. 51.8%, while the migration was altered in the Biofield Energy Treated HFF-1 cell line compared to the baseline control group. In addition to, the percentage of scratch area was significantly decreased by 2.7% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group, while it was increased by 12% in the Biofield Treated cells group compared to the baseline control group. Overall, the experimental results concluded that The Trivedi Effect® has the significant capacity and wide implications in wound healing activity via cell culture media, DMEM as compared with the HFF-1 cell line directly. Biofield Energy Healing would be a complementary and alternative medicine that can be used against burn injury cases, acute wound, skin regeneration, eczema, diaper rash, chickenpox, measles, warts, acne, hives, wrinkles, ringworm, Rosacea, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, skin cancer, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[219] viXra:1908.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 03:11:48

Predictions for Elementary Particles and Explanations for Data About Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and Galaxies

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 57 pages

We suggest descriptions for new elementary particles, dark matter, and dark energy. We use those descriptions to explain data regarding dark matter effects, dark energy effects, and galaxy evolution. We use mathematics-based models that feature objects and, originally, de-emphasize motion. The models, descriptions, and explanations add to traditional physics, provide clarity regarding aspects of nature for which people point to possible inadequacies in traditional physics models, and embrace traditional physics models in realms for which people have validated traditional physics models.
Category: Astrophysics

[218] viXra:1908.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-16 07:18:04

Bengali Language and Graphical Law

Authors: Anindya Kumar Biswas
Comments: 12 Pages. explanation added

We study a bengali to bengali dictionary. We draw in the log scale, number of words starting with a letter vs rank of the letter, both normalised. We find that the graphs are closer to the curves of reduced magnetisation vs reduced temperature for various approximations of Ising model.
Category: Linguistics

[217] viXra:1908.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 03:54:08

Word Time Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

The probable etymology of the word TIME is considered
Category: Linguistics

[216] viXra:1908.0226 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-20 06:40:22

Een Zichzelf Scheppend Model van de Fysieke Werkelijkheid

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 198 Pages. Dit is onderdeel van het Hilbert Book Model Project

The main subject of this book is a purely mathematical model of physical reality. The book acts as a survey of the Hilbert Book Model Project. The project concerns a well-founded, purely mathematical model of physical reality. The project relies on the conviction that physical reality owns its own kind of mathematics and that this mathematics guides and restricts the extension of the foundation to more complicated levels of the structure and the behavior of physical reality. This results in a model that more and more resembles the physical reality that humans can observe. The book treats several subjects that are directly related to the main subject. The book introduces new physics and new mathematics. The selected approach results in a self-creating model that offers a creator’s view and a far more restricted observer’s view. Observers get their information via the dynamic field that physicists call their universe. Observers only get historic information. The creator has access to the complete model. Most physical theories only provide the observer’s view.
Category: Quantum Physics

[215] viXra:1908.0225 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-13 12:06:32

Mass Without Mass

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 10 Pages.

This paper revisits the oscillator model of an electron, applying Wheeler’s ‘mass without mass’ concept to the Zitterbewegung model of an electron. We then use this model to derive the electron properties (spin, magnetic moment, energy, etcetera). We also use this model to calculate the Zitterbewegung force and the implied energy densities inside of the electron. Finally, we offer some reflections on how this simple but complete ‘mass without mass’ model may provide a basis for a more complete realist interpretation of quantum mechanics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[214] viXra:1908.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 04:57:01

Assessment of Biofield Energy Treatment on Lung Health Using Lung Adenocarcinoma Cell Line (A549)

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

Oxidative stress is one of the major molecular mechanism responsible for human lung diseases. The objective of the study was to examine the effect of a Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treated DMEM medium for its anti-oxidative potential using various parameters such as the protection against oxidative stress and Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), antioxidant enzyme activity in A549 cells. The test item, DMEM was divided into two parts. One part received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated test item, while the other part did not receive any sort of treatment and is defined as the untreated DMEM group. The cell viability of the test sample using MTT assay showed 122.67% viable cells, indicating a safe and nontoxic profile of the test item. Protection against oxidative stress was significantly increased by 64.70% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group compared to the untreated DMEM group. In addition, Antioxidant Enzyme (SOD) activity was significantly increased by 45.1% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group compared to the untreated DMEM group. Thus, these data suggest that Biofield Energy Healing Treatment showed a significant improvement of the Antioxidant Enzyme Activity (SOD level) along with an improved protection against oxidative damage, which can be used in various human lung disorders such as asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), lung malignancies and parenchymal lung diseases like idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and lung granulomatous diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[213] viXra:1908.0223 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-20 06:37:39

A Self-creating Model of Physical Reality

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 182 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The main subject of this book is a purely mathematical model of physical reality. The book acts as a survey of the Hilbert Book Model Project. The project concerns a well-founded, purely mathematical model of physical reality. The project relies on the conviction that physical reality owns its own kind of mathematics and that this mathematics guides and restricts the extension of the foundation to more complicated levels of the structure and the behavior of physical reality. This results in a model that more and more resembles the physical reality that humans can observe. The book treats several subjects that are directly related to the main subject. The book introduces new physics and new mathematics. The selected approach results in a self-creating model that offers a creator’s view and a far more restricted observer’s view. Observers get their information via the dynamic field that physicists call their universe. Observers only get historic information. The creator has access to the complete model. Most physical theories only provide the observer’s view.
Category: Quantum Physics

[212] viXra:1908.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 05:44:59

A `constant Lagrangian' RMW-RSS Quantified Fit of the Galaxy Rotation Curves of the Complete Sparc Database of 175 LTG Galaxies.

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 69 Pages.

In this paper I categorize and analyze the `constant Lagrangian' model fits I made of the complete SPARC database of 175 LTG galaxies. The difference with the previous papers is the application of the RMWRSS (Root Mean Weighted Residual Sum of Squares) method to quantify the quality of the fit, using a continuous curve. Of the 175 galaxies, 77 allowed a single fit rotation curve, so about 44 percent. Another 18 galaxies could almost be plotted on a single fit. Then 13 galaxies could be fitted really nice on crossing dual curves. The reason for the appearance of this dual curve, in its two versions, could be given and related to the galactic constitution and dynamics. From then on, the fitting got more and more complex. So I got a 44 percent positive rate for a direct fit of the measured rotation curves on the prime model. This result rules out stochastic coincidence as an explanation of those fits.
Category: Astrophysics

[211] viXra:1908.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 06:13:45

Refutation of Perfect and Strong Functions in Fuzzy Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

For fuzzy logic, we evaluate the definition of the residuated lattice operator as not tautologous. We evaluate the perfect fuzzy function and strong (surjective) fuzzy function as not tautologous, but logical equivalents. This refutes the fuzzy functions and distinctions. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[210] viXra:1908.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 06:15:51

Refutation of Zadeh's Swedes and Italians Challenge as a Logic Problem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Abstract: For Zadeh's Swedes and Italians challenge problem, we evaluate the linguistic weighted average (LWA) for the conjecture that Swedes are on average taller than Italians. None is tautologous, refuting the challenge as a logic problem. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[209] viXra:1908.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 06:16:53

Refutation of Shared Variables in Cross Axiom Models of Alternating Turing Machines

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate shared variables for the reduction of alternating Turing machines (ATMs) to subset space logic (SSL). The purpose of shared variables is to use binary counters for mapping cross-axiom models. None is tautologous, to refute cross-axiom models in the completeness conjectures. These form non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[208] viXra:1908.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-12 06:44:34

Explaining 'spooky Action at a Distance'

Authors: Gerard van der Ham
Comments: 1 Page.

Accepting Einstein's viewpoint of local realism correlation in Bell tests is very well explainable.
Category: Quantum Physics

[207] viXra:1908.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 11:12:17

Neurocognitive Basis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Professor Thomas Hills from the Department of Psychology set out to bridge the gap between the philosophical arguments for free will and the neurocognitive realities. [23] Researchers at the University of Twente have designed a tiny needle in which micro-channels can be used for extracting small liquid samples from a local area of the brain. [22] The ability to grow large protein crystals is the single biggest bottleneck that limits the use of neutron protein crystallography in structural biology. [21]
Category: Mind Science

[206] viXra:1908.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 11:43:17

Brain-Reading Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

A team of researchers at the University of California's Department of Neurological Surgery and the Center for Integrative Neuroscience in San Francisco has taken another step toward the development of a device able to read a person's mind. [24] Professor Thomas Hills from the Department of Psychology set out to bridge the gap between the philosophical arguments for free will and the neurocognitive realities. [23] Researchers at the University of Twente have designed a tiny needle in which micro-channels can be used for extracting small liquid samples from a local area of the brain. [22] The ability to grow large protein crystals is the single biggest bottleneck that limits the use of neutron protein crystallography in structural biology. [21]
Category: Mind Science

[205] viXra:1908.0214 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-13 00:20:19

Definition Ⅲ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is Definition ③.
Category: General Mathematics

[204] viXra:1908.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 12:42:25

Ensuring Efficient Convergence to a Given Stationary Distribution

Authors: Kenny Peluso
Comments: 29 Pages. Amended version of the author's undergraduate thesis, submitted 4/18

How may we find a transition matrix that guarantees the long-run convergence of a Markov Chain to a given stationary distribution? Solving for this (usually) undetermined system is non-trivial and presents unique computational challenges. Five different of methods of directly solving for a transition matrix are presented along with their limitations. Relaxations of the two core assumptions underlying these direct methods - the Identityless and Independence Assumptions - are considered. A method of generating a Mass Matrix - the transition matrix underlying hops between entire population states - is described while developing the notion of successively-bounded weak compositions. An algorithm for their exhaustive generation is also presented. Applications of some methods are provided with respect to optimizing firm profit via optimally distributing workers among wage brackets and optimizing measures of national wealth via manipulation of class distribution and immigration policy. A generalization of all applications is formulated.
Category: General Mathematics

[203] viXra:1908.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 13:19:15

On the Restraint Mechanism Between the Earth and Moon

Authors: DING Jian
Comments: 8 Pages.

The moon always use the same side to face toward the earth, but there is a dead angle in the mainstream theory of explaining this phenomenon. That is, it cannot explain why the moon doesn't rotate around the axis which is a straight line to connect the mass centers of the earth and moon. Because the numerous meteorite impact craters on the lunar surface indicate that the moon is completely possible to obtain external momentums and rotate around this axis. This paper proposes a plain explanation, that is, the universal gravitation between the earth and moon as well as the earth's magnetic field have formed a trinity restraint mechanism on the moon. According to this explanation, the moon's rotation can be locked, and the mechanism of lunar libration has been revealed out, which can also confirm mutually with the natural phenomenon that the moon has sought a balance in the swing. In addition, with the help of all kinds of detection data from the Apollo moon landings and other circumlunar spacecraft, as well as the studies and analysis of lunar soil samples, the conclusion is that as far as a whole for the moon, it belongs to paramagnetic substances, and its relative permeability is between 1.008 and 1.03. Although the magnetic flux density of the earth on the lunar orbit has been dropped below 0.0008125 nT or lower due to the impact of the solar wind, but it can be used as a reason to lock the moon without rotating around the axis which is a straight line to connect the mass centers of the earth and moon. If another main reason to cause the existence of this fact cannot be found, even if the magnetic flux density of the geomagnetism in lunar orbit is very small, it also should not be artificially ignored. In this regard, we can artificially change the intensity of the earth's magnetic field, and carefully observe the lunar libration and in the distance between the earth and the moon, to verify the arguments in this paper.
Category: Geophysics

[202] viXra:1908.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 10:48:58

Refutation of the Hrushovski Construction, to Confirm Lachlan and Zil'ber

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: Pages.

A condition for the Hrushovski construction is not tautologous, refuting it. This also denies alleged refutations using it, namely, to confirm the Lachlan conjecture and Zil'ber conjecture. The construction forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[201] viXra:1908.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 10:55:19

Anti-Inflammatory Immune System

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a molecular switch that causes immune cells called macrophages to clean up cellular debris caused by infections instead of contributing to inflammation and tissue injury. [25] Working with mouse and human tissue, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report new evidence that a protein pumped out of some - but not all - populations of "helper" cells in the brain, called astrocytes, plays a specific role in directing the formation of connections among neurons needed for learning and forming new memories. [24] Researchers from Harvard University and the Broad Institute's Stanley Centre for Psychiatric Research have developed reproducible brain organoids for the first time. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[200] viXra:1908.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 10:29:04

Nanotechnology Repair Brain Circuits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Working with mouse and human tissue, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report new evidence that a protein pumped out of some - but not all - populations of "helper" cells in the brain, called astrocytes, plays a specific role in directing the formation of connections among neurons needed for learning and forming new memories. [24] Researchers from Harvard University and the Broad Institute's Stanley Centre for Psychiatric Research have developed reproducible brain organoids for the first time. [23] Researchers at the University of Twente have designed a tiny needle in which micro-channels can be used for extracting small liquid samples from a local area of the brain. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[199] viXra:1908.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 10:14:19

Rational Distance

Authors: Radomir Majkic
Comments: 3 Pages.

There are countable many rational distance squares, one square for each rational trigonometric Pythagorean pair (s; c) : s^2+c^2=1 and a rational number r:
Category: Number Theory

[198] viXra:1908.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 07:39:23

Matter Creation Principle (Part II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses (1) Pluto Motion For One Solar Day depends On energy of light motion for 1 second (light velocity= 1.16 mkm /sec) (2) Earth Moon is Created relative to Light Energy (i.e. relative to light velocity) (3) Pluto and Earth Moon are basic players in Solar Planets Diameters Creation Process The paper tries to prove these hypotheses
Category: Astrophysics

[197] viXra:1908.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 08:38:13

Proteins Restore Sound-Detecting

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Using genetic tools in mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine say they have identified a pair of proteins that precisely control when sound-detecting cells, known as hair cells, are born in the mammalian inner ear. [24] Certain molecules found in common chemotherapy drugs are known for being radiosensitisers, which means they increase the DNA damage and tumour cell killing rates of radiotherapy. [23] University of Arkansas physics researchers have developed a simple, cost-effective method to study the effects of chemicals on DNA which has potential to improve the development and testing of life-saving treatments. [22] Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Physics of Biology

[196] viXra:1908.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 06:28:05

There is no Coordinate System Without Mass

Authors: Milan D. Nešić
Comments: 11 Pages.

Even a mathematical coordinate system without any physical quality cannot be without mass because it must assume both on the abscissa and on the ordinate some measuring units (numbers), even if they have been entered by a person at random. On the other hand, science is impossible without an analytical mathematical description that would be checked by an experiment, by man and his mass too. Then how can cosmology answer the question of the origin of the cosmos, which has mass, if the mass is assumed in advance as existing? So that by no means, nor tacitly too, will man consider his technical coordinate system as absolute; by taking into account, therefore, the coordinate systems without any measuring unit, neither of the length nor of the time. But is this then the coordinate system and any science at all? The article exposes the true interpretation of Einstein's postulate c=const and a way of entering the philosophy of science and cosmology by which can be perhaps guessed the answer to the question: How come the World exists?
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[195] viXra:1908.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 07:38:57

Antiaging Potential of Consciousness Energy Healing-Based Novel Proprietary Formulation

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 12 Pages.

The study objective was to evaluate the potential of Biofield Treatment on novel proprietary formulation for skin health using HFF-1, HaCaT, and B16-F10 cells. The test formulation and DMEM were divided into two parts. One part received Biofield Treatment by Gopal Nayak and defined as Biofield Treated (BT) sample, while other part was denoted as untreated (UT) sample. MTT assay showed more than 70% cell viability, suggested the test formulation were safe and nontoxic. BrdU data showed an increased cell proliferation by 170%, 170%, and 212% at 0.1 µg/mL in UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation, BT-DMEM + UT-Test formulation, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation, respectively than untreated group. Collagen was significantly increased by 140.8% at 5 µg/mL in UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation than untreated. Elastin was significantly increased by 233.3%, 313.3%, and 637.8% at 0.01 µg/mL in UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation, BT-DMEM + UT-Test formulation, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation, respectively than untreated. Hyaluronic acid in UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation, BT-DMEM + UT-Test formulation, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation was significantly increased by 191.8%, 461.0%, and 322.5%, respectively at 0.01 µg/mL than untreated. Melanin synthesis was significantly inhibited by 44.7% (10 µg/mL) and 45.2% (10 µg/mL) in UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation and BT-DMEM + UT-Test formulation, respectively contrast to untreated. Anti-wrinkling activity was improved with increased cell viability by 88.9% and 92.9% at 1 and 25 µg/mL, respectively in BT-DMEM + UT-Test formulation than untreated. Cell viability was significantly increased by 97.6% and 75.16% at 0.1 and 1 µg/mL, respectively in BT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation than untreated. The UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation showed increased cellular migration by 2722.2% (0.01 µg/mL) in HaCaT cells than untreated. Overall, result suggests that the Trivedi Effect® has shown significant beneficial effects on skin health parameters that might lead to its potential use in various aging-related disorders, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, skin cancer, rashes from bacterial or fungal infections, and many more skin diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[194] viXra:1908.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 08:13:31

Incremental Risk Charge Methodology

Authors: Xiao, Tim
Comments: 18 Pages.

The incremental risk charge (IRC) is a new regulatory requirement from the Basel Committee in response to the recent financial crisis. Notably few models for IRC have been developed in the literature. This paper proposes a methodology consisting of two Monte Carlo simulations. The first Monte Carlo simulation simulates default, migration, and concentration in an integrated way. Combining with full re-valuation, the loss distribution at the first liquidity horizon for a subportfolio can be generated. The second Monte Carlo simulation is the random draws based on the constant level of risk assumption. It convolutes the copies of the single loss distribution to produce one year loss distribution. The aggregation of different subportfolios with different liquidity horizons is addressed. Moreover, the methodology for equity is also included, even though it is optional in IRC.
Category: Economics and Finance

[193] viXra:1908.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 09:00:34

Chaotic Active Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

Topological defects in the structure of materials known as active nematics can act as rods that mix the fluids – much like one might mix colours in white paint. [34] When a container of silicone oil or other similar liquid is vertically shaken at a regular frequency, 1-millimeter-sized droplets of the same liquid placed on the liquid's surface appear to "walk" across the surface at speeds of about 1 cm/second, propelled by their own waves. [33] Almost all living organisms from bacteria to humans have gate-like protein complexes in their cell membranes that get rid of unwanted or life-threatening molecules. [32]
Category: Condensed Matter

[192] viXra:1908.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 09:35:08

Chemotherapy Drugs in Water

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Certain molecules found in common chemotherapy drugs are known for being radiosensitisers, which means they increase the DNA damage and tumour cell killing rates of radiotherapy. [23] University of Arkansas physics researchers have developed a simple, cost-effective method to study the effects of chemicals on DNA which has potential to improve the development and testing of life-saving treatments. [22] Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14]
Category: Physics of Biology

[191] viXra:1908.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 10:00:29

Portable Radiation Detectors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Beginning in early 2012, IPL worked closely with a Japanese customer to understand what a better "gamma camera" would look like. [26] A team of researchers at the U.S. National Institute for Standards and Technology has found that electron current flow direction produced by the photon-drag effect is dependent on the environment in which a metal is sitting. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[190] viXra:1908.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 10:16:54

Thermal Profiles at Nanoscale

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

At the nanoscale-at distances less than 1/100th the width of the thinnest human hair-controlling temperature is much more difficult. [35] Topological defects in the structure of materials known as active nematics can act as rods that mix the fluids-much like one might mix colours in white paint. [34] When a container of silicone oil or other similar liquid is vertically shaken at a regular frequency, 1-millimeter-sized droplets of the same liquid placed on the liquid's surface appear to "walk" across the surface at speeds of about 1 cm/second, propelled by their own waves. [33] Almost all living organisms from bacteria to humans have gate-like protein complexes in their cell membranes that get rid of unwanted or life-threatening molecules. [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[189] viXra:1908.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 10:26:38

Matter Creation Principle

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 5 Pages.

Matter Creation Principle The Matter is Created of Space Energy based on Lorentz length contraction phenomenon. Principle Explanation: -The matter is created of Energy as Equation E=mc2 tells us -Space = Energy (My Hypothesis) -Lorentz length contraction phenomenon (as relativistic effect) causes to concentrate the energy because the length contraction decreases the volume with the same energy content… -The matter is created of energy based on quantized measurements – as we have seen in double production experiment – Gamma rays 1.2 Mev can produce electron and positron… but Gamma Rays 1 Mev can't because the matter production depends on quantized measurements -So the Space Energy is concentrated by Length contraction effect but this concentrated Energy can't produce Matter unless the energy reach to the required quantum – Based on this concept the solar planets are created depending on Energy of Pluto Motion Distance for 1 day – This paper tries to prove this idea
Category: Astrophysics

[188] viXra:1908.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 10:56:12

Neural Networks for Carbon Nanotubes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

Thin films made of carbon nanotubes hold a lot of promise for advanced optoelectronics, energy and medicine, however with their manufacturing process subject to close supervision and stringent standardization requirements, they are unlikely to become ubiquitous anytime soon. [46] The work will help to improve the sensitivity of detection for the PandaX-III neutrinoless double beta decay experiment, and deepen our knowledge of the nature of neutrinos. [45] The interactions of quarks and gluons are computed using lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD)-a computer-friendly version of the mathematical framework that describes these strong-force interactions. [44] The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. [43] In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[187] viXra:1908.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 12:42:04

Mathematics of the Cosmos

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 10 Pages.

The forces of nature are reviewed and analyzed from first principles, without any pre-conceptions. The review is based on the earlier analysis of Energy Fields around conductors, solenoids, permanent magnets and rotating bodies [1]. Here we continue the analysis of interactions between Potential energy fields, Orbital energy fields and Rotational energy fields. The proposals may provide an explanation for the forces within the cosmos - including the so-called ‘fifth’ force.
Category: Astrophysics

[186] viXra:1908.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 13:22:50

The Geometry of Particles and the Explanation of Their Creation and Decay

Authors: Jeff Yee, Lori Gardi
Comments: 21 pages

In this paper, subatomic particles are described by the formation of standing waves of energy as a result of energetic oscillations in the spacetime lattice. The creation of new particles with higher energies, or the decay of particles to lower energies, are described by the formation of wave center points that cause an increase or decrease in standing wave energy. The stability of such particles is found to be based on the geometric formation of these center points which allows standing waves to form to a defined boundary that becomes the particle's radius, or the collapse of its standing waves as particles split to become two or more particles, or completely annihilate. The oscillation energy calculation for a single wave center matches the upper range of the neutrino's estimated energy. It is assumed that this single wave center is the fundamental particle responsible for creating the neutrino. It will be shown in this paper mathematically - and possibly modeled in the near future with computer simulations - that this fundamental particle is responsible for the creation of higher order particles, including but not limited to the electron, proton and neutron.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[185] viXra:1908.0192 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-11 22:44:03

Krugmanomics Doesn't Check Out

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

Skepticism and long-term prospect.
Category: Economics and Finance

[184] viXra:1908.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 00:25:46

The Collapse of Riemann Empire

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 23 Pages.

When we calculate by the sum method of (1) we found that the non-trivial zero point will never converge to zero. Calculating ζ(2), ζ(3), ζ(4), ζ(5) etc. by the sum method of (1) gives the correct calculation result. It was thought that the above equation could possibly be an expression that can be composed only of real numbers. It seems to have not been noticed before (old) because there was no computer. Thus, Riemann hypothesis is fundamentally wrong, and it is natural that it cannot be tried to prove it.
Category: Number Theory

[183] viXra:1908.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-11 03:57:07

Naturalness Begets Naturalness: an Emergent Definition

Authors: Peter Cameron, Michaele Suisse
Comments: 16 Pages.

We offer a model based upon three `assumptions'. The first is geometric, that the vacuum wavefunction is comprised of Euclid's fundamental geometric objects of space - point, line, plane, and volume elements - components of the geometric representation of Clifford algebra. The second is electromagnetic, that physical manifestation follows from introducing the dimensionless coupling constant \textbf{$\alpha$}. The third takes the electron mass to define the scale of space. Such a model is arguably maximally `natural'. Wavefunction interactions are modeled by the geometric product of Clifford algebra. What emerges is more naturalness. We offer an emergent definition.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[182] viXra:1908.0189 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-12 16:31:31

The Cylon Wars: A Conceptual Resolution

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 7 Pages.

Horrors of warfare and human conflict.
Category: Social Science

[181] viXra:1908.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 10:29:28

(Gci V.1.0 7.08.2019 4 Pages) the G-Clef Piano/harpsichord, Harp, Viola, Cello, Double Bass Etc, All Based on a Unitary G-Clef Grand Staff (GCGS)

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 4 Pages. The latest version of this paper is periodically uploaded on dragoii.com domain and available at this URL: http://dragoii.com/ALDragoi_GCI_GCGS_latest.pdf

This paper proposes multiple G-clef instruments (GCIs) (based on all types of G-clefs) like GC-piano (GCP), GC-harp (GCH), GC-viola (GCV), GC-cello (GCC) and GC-double bass (GCDB), all based on a simple G-clef grand staff (GCGS) with two main subtypes (GCGS1 and GCGS2: GCGS significantly simplifies the standard grand staff and creates a unitary clef-"language" for all orchestral instruments, thus for the whole Western full-size orchestra (aka symphony orchestra or philharmonic orchestra). We have also dedicated an online database containing links to all scores transcribed by the author for various GCIs until present: www.gci.dragoii.com This paper is also available on ResearchGate and Academia.edu platforms at URLs: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335025363 https://www.academia.edu/40031254 The latest version of this paper is periodically uploaded on dragoii.com domain and available at this URL: http://dragoii.com/ALDragoi_GCI_GCGS_latest.pdf
Category: Education and Didactics

[180] viXra:1908.0186 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-13 16:53:26

The Prime Gaps Between Successive Primes to Ensure that there is Atleast One Prime Between Their Squares Assuming the Truth of the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Prashanth R. Rao
Comments: 2 Pages.

Based on Dudek’s proof that assumed the truth of the Riemann’s hypothesis, that there exists a prime between {x – (4/pi)( x^ 1/2)(log x)} and x, we determine the size of prime gaps that must exist between successive primes, so that we can be sure that there is atleast one prime number between their squares.
Category: Number Theory

[179] viXra:1908.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 00:27:18

Consistent Coordinate Transformation for Relativistic Circular Motion and Speeds of Light

Authors: Yang-Ho Choi
Comments: 27 Pages.

A world system is composed of the world lines of the rest observers in the system. We present a relativistic coordinate transformation, termed the transformation under constant light speed with the same angle (TCL-SA), between a rotating world system and the isotropic system. In TCL-SA, the constancy of the two-way speed of light holds, and the angles of rotation before and after the transformation are the same. Additionally a transformation for inertial world systems is derived from it through the limit operation of circular motion to linear motion. The generalized Sagnac effect involves linear motion, as well as circular motion. We deal with the generalized effect via TCL-SA and via the framework of Mansouri and Sexl (MS), analyzing the speeds of light. Their analysis results correspond to each other and are in agreement with the experimental results. Within the framework of special and general relativity (SGR), traditionally the Sagnac effect has been dealt with by using the Galilean transformation (GT) in cylindrical coordinates together with the invariant line element. Applying the same traditional methods to an inertial frame in place of the rotating one, we show that the speed of light with respect to proper time is anisotropic in the inertial frame, even if the Lorentz transformation, instead of GT, is employed. The local speeds of light obtained via the traditional methods within SGR correspond to those derived from TCL-SA and from the MS framework.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[178] viXra:1908.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 00:34:54

Question to Physical Societies That Believe Special Relativity Is Consistent

Authors: Yang-Ho Choi
Comments: 2 Pages.

Most physical societies seem to firmly believe that the special theory of relativity (STR) has been experimentally verified and dose not have any inconsistencies. However, the equivalence of inertial frames under light speed constancy is mathematically infeasible. I present a basic question of STR to show it, and ask the societies to answer the public question.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[177] viXra:1908.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 01:30:40

Quantum Gravity Low Energy Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

Researchers have, for the first time, identified the sufficient and necessary conditions that the low-energy limit of quantum gravity theories must satisfy to preserve the main features of the Unruh effect. [12] Two teams of researchers working independently of one another have come up with an experiment designed to prove that gravity and quantum mechanics can be reconciled. [11] Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[176] viXra:1908.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 01:34:43

Impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Energy of Consciousness Healing on the Proliferation of Plant, Mouse and Human Stem Cells

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Biofield Energy Healing on the plant callus, mouse and human derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) for their cell count and cellular proliferation. All the three type stem cells and DMEM media for the stem cell culture were divided into two parts, one received Biofield Energy Treatment (known as The Trivedi Effect®-Energy of Consciousness Healing Treatment) by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi through the Healer’s unique Energy Transmission process remotely and defined as Biofield Energy Treated (BT) group. On day 9 after treatment, the plant callus flasks of mandukparni, amla, and Centella were observed and visualized which showed an increased percentage in weight of the callus by 11.4%, 24.9%, and 51.7%, respectively as compared with the untreated groups. In addition, stem cell assay in murine bone marrow derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) showed an increased cellular proliferation by 115.2%, 127.6%, 161.9%, and 123.6%, in Biofield Energy Treated DMEM in the passage 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Similarly, human derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Adipose-Derived (AD-MSC) cells showed a significant increased cell count by 139%, 119%, and 182% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group with the passage 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Similarly, bone marrow (BM-MSC) cells showed a significant increased cell count by 102%, 170%, and 141% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group with the passage 1, 2, and 3, respectively. However, BrdU assay for % cellular proliferation in the AD-MSC cells showed a significant increased cellular proliferation by 122%, 120%, and 184% in the passage 1, 2, and 3, respectively. On the other hand, BM-MSC cells showed a significant increased cellular proliferation by 125%, 146%, and 157% in the passage 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Hence, the results suggest that there was a significant growth in plant callus weight, mouse and human stem cell growth and proliferation after The Trivedi Effect®-Energy of Consciousness Treatment. It can be concluded that The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternate therapy for the stem cells regeneration, improvement of tissue injury that might be every effective against various autoimmune human diseases such as arthritis, osteoarthritis, and different neurodegenerative disorders.
Category: Biochemistry

[175] viXra:1908.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 02:53:24

Top-Quark Decay

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

A key parameter examined by the ATLAS Collaboration at CERN is the top quark's "decay width", which is related to the particle's lifetime and decay modes. [31] As the heaviest known elementary particle, the top quark has a special place in the physics studied at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. [30] This allowed ATLAS to detect and measure an unprecedented number of events involving top-antitop quark pairs, providing ATLAS physicists with a unique opportunity to gain insight into the top quark's properties. [29]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[174] viXra:1908.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 03:12:11

Spiral Galaxies Without Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

We think that the "morphogenic field" Kepler was seeking really does exist, and is actually the effect of the intertwining of information and entropy. After four long centuries, it seems Kepler has finally been vindicated. [31] Vast interstellar events where clouds of charged matter hurtle into each other and spew out high-energy particles have now been reproduced in the lab with high fidelity. [30] The current detection suggests that many other such events will be detected in the future and will continue to shed light on this cosmic mystery. [29]
Category: Astrophysics

[173] viXra:1908.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 04:52:37

Effect of Biofield Energy Treatment on Bone Cell Proliferation and Differentiation for the Assessment of its Potential to Improve Bone Health

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

The bone health is an important part of healthy-life and longevity in general. The present study was investigated to see the effect of the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) on the human bone osteosarcoma cells - MG-63 (ATCC® CRL-1427™) for the assessment of bone cell proliferation and differentiation in vitro. The study parameters were assessed using cell viability by MTT, collagen synthesis, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) on bone health using ELISA-based assay. The cell viability assay data showed significant response in all the tested groups; while in the Biofield Energy Treated group supplemented with 10% charcoal-dextran treated fetal bovine serum (CD-FBS) (G3) showed better response (increased 63%) in terms of cells proliferation compared to the untreated cell group (G1). The level of ALP was increased by 32% in the G3 group compared to the untreated cells group (G1). Additionally, the level of collagen synthesis was increased by 27% in the G3 group compared to the G1 group. The overall results demonstrated that the Biofield Energy Treatment has the potential for bone mineralization and bone growth as evident via increased levels of collagen and ALP. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment might be useful as a bone health promoter for various bone-related disorders like low bone density, osteogenesis imperfecta, and osteoporosis.
Category: Biochemistry

[172] viXra:1908.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 04:53:25

Enhancement of Hair Growth Through Stimulation of Dermal Papilla Cells in Human Follicular Dermal

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Hair gives one of the most memorable images of a person’s identity. Hair loss has an enormous impact on quality of life. Although various treatment strategies are available to prevent hair loss, unfortunately not adequate. Hence, in this context authors performed this study to evaluate the impact of Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment on the test item (DMEM) in human follicular dermal papilla culture cells for the assessment of hair cell growth and development in vitro. The test item, DMEM was divided into three parts. First part did not receive any sort of treatment and defined as the untreated DMEM group. The second and third parts were treated with the one-time and two-times Biofield Energy Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi and coded as the one-time Biofield Energy Treated DMEM (BT-I) and two-times Biofield Energy Treated DMEM (BT-II) groups, respectively. Results showed that BT-I group exhibited 14.8%, however BT-II group was significantly (p≤0.001) increased cellular proliferation of dermal papilla cells by 124.3% compared to the untreated DMEM group. The results demonstrated that the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment significantly increased the proliferation of human hair follicle dermal papilla cells. Therefore, the Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment could be useful as a hair growth enhancer against different skin injuries like actinic keratosis, necrotizing fasciitis, sebaceous cysts, diaper rash, decubitus ulcer and hair-related disorders like androgenetic alopecia (male and female pattern baldness), alopecia totalis or alopecia universalis, traction alopecia, telogen effluvium, trichodystrophy, scarring alopecias, alopecia areata, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[171] viXra:1908.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 04:54:24

In Vitro Assessment of Estrogenic Potential of Biofield Energy Treatment using Human Endometrial Adenocarcinoma Cell Line

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing based DMEM medium on the level of alkaline phosphatase enzyme (ALP) activity in Ishikawa cells. The test item, DMEM medium was divided into two parts. One part of the test item received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM, while the other part did not receive any treatment, and defined as the untreated DMEM group. The cell viability using MTT assay of the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group was observed as 108%, which indicated that the test item was safe and non-toxic. The estrogenic potential using ALP level showed a significantly increase by 73.21% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group as compared to the untreated DMEM group. Overall, the experimental data suggested that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM has significantly improved ALP level, which play a vital role for the promotion and maintenance of estrogen level. Based on the study outcomes, it is concluded that Biofield Energy Healing Treatment showed a significant improved ALP level, which can be used in various estrogenic disorders such as hypophosphatasia, osteoporosis, severe anemia, malnutrition, hypothyroidism, magnesium deficiency, heart surgery, aplastic anemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, enteritis in children, Wilson’s disease, pernicious anemia, bacterial infection and intrauterine infection is a leading cause of pelvic inflammatory disease, subfertility, infertility, endometritis, early pregnancy loss, fetal defects, and preterm birth.
Category: Biochemistry

[170] viXra:1908.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 04:55:05

Improvement of Hair Growth in Mouse Skin by Application of Consciousness Energy Treated Test Item

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

The objective of this experiment was to study the effect of Biofield Energy Treated test item (1:1 ratio of a mixture of the Biofield Energy Treated herbal extracts of Phyllantus emblica and Eclipta alba) on the normal hair cycle of C57BL/6 mice after topical application. The test item was divided into two parts. One part was denoted as the untreated test item, without any Biofield Energy Healing Treatment, while the other part was defined as the Biofield Energy Treated test item, which received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi. Mice telogen skin was prepared and used as a test system in this experiment for the topical application of the test item. The study parameters like induction of anagen and melanogenesis using skin biopsy technique were used in this experiment for the assessment of hair growth phages. The experimental results showed that the untreated and Biofield Energy Treated groups exhibited 50% and 100%, respectively of hair growth on dorsal clipped of skin after topical application of the test items. Besides, both the untreated and Biofield Energy Treated test items exhibited 100% melanogenesis after biopsy analysis in mice skin at the end of experiment. Altogether, results envisaged that The Trivedi Effect® promotes hair growth as evident via increased an earlier anagen induction, hair growth, and melanogenesis than untreated test item. Henceforth, the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment could be useful as a hair growth enhancer for various types of skin injuries and skin-related disorders like actinic keratosis, necrotizing fasciitis, sebaceous cysts, diaper rash, decubitus ulcer, eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, chickenpox, measles, warts, acne, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[169] viXra:1908.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 05:38:24

The Correct Understanding Demands the Correct Words

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

Emergence and estimated explanation of homonyms is considered
Category: Linguistics

[168] viXra:1908.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 08:02:30

Similarity Between Collider Events

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have recently developed a metric that can be used to capture the space of collider events based on the earth mover's distance (EMD), a measure used to evaluate dissimilarity between two multi-dimensional probability distributions. [13] Researchers have, for the first time, identified the sufficient and necessary conditions that the low-energy limit of quantum gravity theories must satisfy to preserve the main features of the Unruh effect. [12] Two teams of researchers working independently of one another have come up with an experiment designed to prove that gravity and quantum mechanics can be reconciled. [11] Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[167] viXra:1908.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 09:14:33

Quantum Memristor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

This merging of brain-function inspired networks and quantum informatics could lead to enhanced computing systems, as well as benefit growing research fields such as quantum machine learning. [28] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19] The cutting edge of data storage research is working at the level of individual atoms and molecules, representing the ultimate limit of technological miniaturisation. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[166] viXra:1908.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 09:31:08

Quantum Teleportation, FLASH Radiotherapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

While standard quantum teleportation has been limited to particles with just two states, the latest results set the technique on a trajectory for teleporting more complicated systems. [31] Physicists in China and Austria have shown for the first time they can teleport multi-dimensional states of photons. [30] A workshop on exploring extreme-field QED and the physics phenomena it creates will be held at SLAC in late summer. [29] University of Toronto Engineering researchers have combined two emerging technologies for next-generation solar power-and discovered that each one helps stabilize the other. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[165] viXra:1908.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 09:49:12

Quantum Approach Protein Folding

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Thanks to a new quantum approach, researchers in China have now found that proteins could fold much faster than previous calculations suggest. [14] What if the brain could detect its own disease? Researchers have been trying to create a material that "thinks" like the brain does, which would be more sensitive to early signs of neurological diseases such as Parkinson's. [13] University Professor of Applied Physics Stephen Arnold and his team at the New York University Tandon School of Engineering have made a discovery that could lead to Star Trek-like biosensor devices capable of flagging the barest presence in blood of a specific virus or antibody, or protein marker for a specific cancer; or sniffing out airborne chemical warfare agents while they are still far below toxic levels. [12] Lead researcher Dr Jonathan Breeze, from Imperial's Department of Materials, said: "This breakthrough paves the way for the widespread adoption of masers and opens the door for a wide array of applications that we are keen to explore. We hope the maser will now enjoy as much success as the laser." [11] Japanese researchers have optimized the design of laboratory-grown, synthetic diamonds. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[164] viXra:1908.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 10:04:37

Light-Matter Interactions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Physicists in the US have shown that light hitting a conductive metal surface at an angle can cause free electrons in the metal to move either in the same direction or in the opposite direction as the photons, depending on its surrounding environment. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[163] viXra:1908.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 11:30:46

Magnetic Field Evolves to Gravity Field\\ Part:1 Repulsion

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 13 Pages.

Current research enquiry has sought a more primitive explanation for gravity. The STOE suggests gravity emerges from magnetic effects of hods in matter structures. Four experiments are done to examine the repulsive magnetic force characteristics. Different relations of force to distance were found. A speculation that gravity may be the sum of the poles at the side of photons is formed.
Category: Classical Physics

[162] viXra:1908.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 14:45:10

Launch and Flight in Space Without Rockets (V.2)

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 370 Pages.

In the past years the author and other scientists have published a series of new methods which promise to revolutionize space launching and flight. These include the cable accelerator, circle launcher and space keeper, space elevator transport system, space towers, kinetic towers, the gas-tube method, sling rotary method, asteroid employment, electromagnetic accelerator, tether system, Sun and magnetic sails, solar wind sail, radioisotope sail, electrostatic space sail, laser beam, kinetic anti-gravitator (repulsitor), Earth–Moon or Earth–Mars non-rocket transport system, multi-reflective beam propulsion system, electrostatic levitation, etc. There are new ideas in aviation which can be useful for flights in planet atmosphere. Some of these have the potential to decrease launch costs thousands of times, other allow the speed and direction of space apparatus to be changed without the spending of fuel. The author summarizes some revolutionary methods for scientists, engineers, students, and the public. He seeks attention from the public, engineers, inventors, scientists for these innovations and he hopes the media, government and the large aerospace companies will increase research and development activity in these areas.
Category: Classical Physics

[161] viXra:1908.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 15:26:29

La Trinidad de Los Cuadrados Magicos

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 149 Pages.

Una obra inspirada en los misteriosos y enigmáticos cuadrados Mágicos y los números de la magnificencia a los que hacía referencia Nikola Tesla.(3,6,9) Los cuadrados Mágicos eran usados como amuletos de protección, estos se forman utlizando números ordenados en armonía.
Category: General Mathematics

[160] viXra:1908.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 17:10:58

Multilayered Tissue-Engineered Construct Based on Biodegradable and Biocompatible Materials for Injured Biliary Tract Repair

Authors: Ilya Klabukov
Comments: 205 Pages.

Design of bioengineered organs is still complicated due to the lack of understanding of biological mechanisms that stimulate physiologically relevant conditions and induce relevant cellular media. Systematic review identified qualitative and quantitative requirements for tissue-engineered construct of the common bile duct. Tissue-specific approach was used to select materials, biologics, and cells for creation of physiologically relevant construct for injured biliary tract repair. Samples of fibrous scaffolds from PCL, PGLA, PLCL, and cellulose diacetate were created by electrospinning method and evaluated with MTT assay for cytotoxicity assessment. Mechanical properties of human bile duct sample and fibrous scaffolds were evaluated for Young's modulus and for percentage of elongation. Mechanical properties of fibrous materials were evaluated in vitro during degradation and erosion in various media. Fibrous PCL-scaffolds were formed by emulsion electrospinning with incorporation of following biomolecules: Neovasculgen gene-therapy drug (VEGF165 plasmid), EGF and GFP. The fluorescent microscopy of fibers confirmed volume modification by biomolecules. ELISA-test confirmed prolonged exit of EGF biomolecules from PCL-scaffold in vitro. Implantation of Neovasculgen-modified PCL-scaffold in rats showed vascular density increase in the implantation zone. Experimental swine model of iatrogenic bile duct injury was created and follow-up implantation of tubular fibrous PCL-scaffold in porcine bile duct showed a tissue-specific physiological biocompatibility of fibrous PCL. Fibrous three-layered scaffolds from PCL and PLCL/PLGA were obtained by electrospinning method and were tested for mechanical properties. The sample of three-layered scaffold from modified fibrous PCL and PLGA with incorporation of EGF and Neovasculgen was two-side seeded with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells and bile duct epithelial cells to obtain the tissue-engineered construct.
Category: Physics of Biology

[159] viXra:1908.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 17:59:58

Solar System Energy Trajectory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 13 Pages.

Solar Group Creation And Motion (A description which this paper tries to prove) 1-The Solar System Is created of one energy only - this one energy travels through the solar group from point to another point – creating the planet matter (because E=mc2) and planet orbital distance (because Space = Energy- My Hypothesis). 2-The Solar System Main Energy starts from Jupiter and travels to Pluto (from this energy Neptune orbital circumference is created consuming 16% of the total energy) 3-Neptune reflects the rest of energy toward the inner planets into 2 equal trajectories of energy 4-The Energy is sent from Neptune (and Pluto) to Mercury 5-Energy is sent from Mercury to Saturn 6-Pluto Motion specifically for 1 solar day depends on light motion for 1 second (where this moving light velocity =1.16 mkm/sec – my hypothesis) – that means – 1 second of light motion causes Pluto to move 1 solar day 7-Solar group is created based on Pluto motion for 1 solar day (solar planets diameters total = 406000km= Pluto motion for 1 solar day) 8-Planets motions energies accumulations with 2 other factor effects – lead to produce the sun light beams… these 2 factors are a.The sun rate of time is different from Earth one b.Jupiter Energy Interaction with the planets velocities total 9-i.e. Planets Motions energies total produce the sun rays based on changing the sun rate of time and the interaction with Jupiter energy 10-The produce light beam will be 0.3 mkm/second but the original one is 1.16 mkm/sec – for that – the value 0.3 will multiply with 4……(0.3x4 =1.2 mkm/sec from this value the original light beam 1.16 mkm/sec is produced) (Why it multiplies with 4 - because earth has a cycle of 4 years – 1461 days) 11-The final product will be 1.16 mkm/sec moves for 1 second only to repeat the cycle for tomorrow…
Category: Astrophysics

[158] viXra:1908.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 18:11:53

Refutation of Abductive Repair in Ontology Engineering

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the stated example of complete-debug problem (CDP) in formulas framing the definitions, oracles, and repairs. None is tautologous. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[157] viXra:1908.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 18:38:30

Do Radial Velocities of Given Bodies Mean Zero-Equivalent Time?

Authors: M.V Nembahe
Comments: 4 Pages.

There's a general consensus among cosmologists; that the zero-equivalent time (t=0) can only mean the present (now) as far as the Hubble constant is concerned. But the constant's initial value of 0 is problematic; as it misuses distance and time in conjunction with the Cartesian coordinate system and together I find have nothing to do with the quantification of t=0 and so run the risk of predicting infinitesimal velocity of infinite distance and time.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[156] viXra:1908.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 21:00:18

Femtotechnologyies and Innovative Projects (V.2)

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 528 Pages.

New macro-projects, concepts, ideas, methods, and innovations are explored here, but hardly developed. There remain many problems that must be researched, modeled, and tested before these summarized research ideas can be practically designed, built, and utilized—that is, fully developed and utilized. Most ideas in our book are described in the following way: 1) Description of current state in a given field of endeavor. A brief explanation of the idea researched, including its advantages and short comings; 2) Then methods, estimation and computations of the main system parameters are listed, and 3) A brief description of possible applications—candidate macro-projects, including estimations of the main physical parameters of such economic developmental undertakings. The first and third parts are in a popular form accessible to the wider reading public, the second part of this book will require some mathematical and scientific knowledge, such as may be found amongst technical school graduate students. The book gives the main physical data and technical equations in attachments which will help researchers, engineers, dedicated students and enthusiastic readers make estimations for their own macro-projects. Also, inventors will find an extensive field of inventions and innovations revealed in our book. The author have published many new ideas and articles and proposed macro-projects in recent years (see: General References). This book is useful as an archive of material from the authors’ own articles published during the last few years. Every chapter is independent. Than why some figures are repited. Copyright @ auther.
Category: Classical Physics

[155] viXra:1908.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 01:13:24

Ultracold Quantum Particles Symmetry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

In laboratory experiments with ultracold lithium atoms, researchers from the Center for Quantum Dynamics at Heidelberg University have proven for the first time the theoretically predicted deviation from classical symmetry. [13] Researchers have, for the first time, identified the sufficient and necessary conditions that the low-energy limit of quantum gravity theories must satisfy to preserve the main features of the Unruh effect. [12] Two teams of researchers working independently of one another have come up with an experiment designed to prove that gravity and quantum mechanics can be reconciled. [11] Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[154] viXra:1908.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 01:36:29

Black Holes Nursery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Gravitational wave researchers at the University of Birmingham have developed a new model that could help astronomers track down the origin of heavy black hole systems in the Universe. [24] Data from ESA's XMM-Newton X-ray observatory has revealed how supermassive black holes shape their host galaxies with powerful winds that sweep away interstellar matter. [23] In short, the concept of a black hole gravity machine presents humanity with a plausible path to becoming an interstellar species. In the meantime, the study of the concept will provide SETI researchers with another possible technosignature to look for. [22] Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[153] viXra:1908.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 01:52:34

Photon-Drag Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

A team of researchers at the U.S. National Institute for Standards and Technology has found that electron current flow direction produced by the photon-drag effect is dependent on the environment in which a metal is sitting. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[152] viXra:1908.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 02:40:09

2000-Year-Old Optical Problem

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

A trio of physicists from the National Autonomous University of Mexico and Tec de Monterrey has solved a 2,000-year-old optical problem—the Wasserman-Wolf problem. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[151] viXra:1908.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 02:49:15

Assessment of Hair Growth Treatment with the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Williams Medium E Using Mouse Vibrissae Hair Follicle Organ Culture

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Hair is playing an interesting part in human for social and sexual communication. Loss of hair follicle leads to various skin disorders. For this consequence, the present study has investigated the potential of the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treated test item (William’s Medium E) on the vibrissae hair follicle organ culture cells for the assessment of hair cell growth and development in vitro. The test item was divided into two parts. One part was defined as the untreated test item, where no Biofield Energy Treatment provided, while the other part was defined as the Biofield Energy Treated test item, which received the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment by renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi. The study parameters like bulb thickness and formation of telogen were assessed using cell-based assay with the help of UTHSCSA Image tool version 3. The experimental results showed that the untreated test item group showed 20.9% and 28.2% increased bulb thickness on day 5 and 7, respectively compared to the day 1, while did not produce telogen follicles upto day 7. Besides, the percentage of telogen follicle was found as 43%, 57%, and 71% on day 3, 5, and 7, respectively of the Biofield Energy Treated test item group compared to the day 1. The overall results demonstrated that the Biofield Energy Treatment has the potential for hair growth promotion as evident via increased the formation of telogen. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment might be useful as a hair growth promoter for various treatment of skin injuries and skin-related disorders like necrotizing fasciitis, actinic keratosis, sebaceous cysts, diaper rash, decubitus ulcer etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[150] viXra:1908.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 02:55:27

Blood Spatter Patterns

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Blood spatters are hydrodynamic signatures of violent crimes, often revealing when an event occurred and where the perpetrator and victim were located at the time of the crime. [31] Focused ultrasound from outside the body can safely and reversibly open the blood-brain barrier in patients with Alzheimer's disease, researchers in Canada have shown for the first time. [30] Small vessel vasculitis-inflammation of the small blood vessels-appears as a stain of tiny, red dots covering the skin that, depending on the severity, can evolve into painful pustules or ulcers. [29] Scientists from the University of Freiburg have developed materials systems that are composed of biological components and polymer materials and are capable of perceiving and processing information. [28] Nanotechnology may provide an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease, a team of researchers suggests. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[149] viXra:1908.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-10 05:19:34

On Various Equations Inherent the Works Concerning JT Gravity, Open Strings on the Rindler Horizon, Gauge Theory and Integrability and Topological Gravity. New Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Ramanujan’s Mathematics.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 357 Pages. UPDATED VERSION

In this research paper we have obtained some interesting mathematical connections between various equations inherent the works concerning JT Gravity, open strings on the Rindler Horizon, Gauge Theory and integrability and Topological Gravity of Witten et al. and some sectors of Ramanujan’s mathematics, principally the Mock Theta Functions and ζ(2) and some expressions concerning the mass of some particles.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[148] viXra:1908.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 06:33:29

Potential Estrogenic Effects of Biofield Energy Treatment Using Human Endometrial Adenocarcinoma Cell Line

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

The present study was aimed to investigate the potential role of Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) based DMEM medium on the level of alkaline phosphatase enzyme (ALP) in Ishikawa cells. The test item (DMEM medium) was divided into two parts, one part received Biofield Energy Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and was categorized as the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group, while another part did not receive any sort of treatment and coded as the untreated DMEM group. The cell viability using MTT assay showed a significantly improved cell viability upto 98% in the test item group, which suggested a safe and nontoxic profile of the test item. Estrogenic potential using estimation of ALP level showed a significantly increased by 30.8% in the Biofield Energy Treated group as compared with the untreated DMEM group. The Biofield Energy Treated DMEM showed a significant role in the growth of Ishikawa cells along with an improved ALP level that can be utilized significantly in the promotion and maintenance of estrogen level. It is concluded that Biofield Energy Healing Treatment showed a significant improved ALP level, which can be used in different menstrual and estrogenic disorders like hypophosphatasia, osteoporosis, malnutrition, hypothyroidism, magnesium deficiency, heart surgery, chronic myelogenous leukemia, enteritis in children, pernicious anemia, bacterial infection and intrauterine infection is a leading cause of pelvic inflammatory disease, subfertility, infertility, endometritis, early pregnancy loss, fetal defects, and preterm birth.
Category: Biochemistry

[147] viXra:1908.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 06:34:06

The Implication of Biofield Energy Treated DMEM on Bone-Health Assessment Using Osteoblast Cells

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

Nutrition plays a crucial role for healthy growth and development of the skeleton system. Study objective was to find the effect of Biofield Treatment ontest item (DMEM medium) for bone health activity in human bone osteosarcoma cell line (MG-63) cells. After divided of the test item into two parts, one part was treated by Alice Branton’s Biofield Energy i.e., Biofield Treated DMEM and others part kept as such i.e., untreated DMEM, respectively. MTT assay showed cell viability was observed more than 74%, which signify with safe and non-toxic profile of the test item on MG-63 cells. Further, the bone health parameter, level of ALP was significantly (p≤0.001) increased by 40.58% in the Biofield Treated DMEM compared to untreated DMEM. In conclusion, the experimental data suggested that the Biofield Energy Treatment have some effect on the growth and development of bone cells, and could be useful against certain bone-related disorders like osteomalacia, osteoma, fractures, rickets, osteoporosis, stress, and aging, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[146] viXra:1908.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 06:34:52

Evaluation of Hair Growth after Exposure with Biofield Energy Treated Williams Medium E Using Mouse Vibrissae Hair Follicle Organ Culture

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

Hair plays a lucrative outlook on the human body and also contribute an exciting part in social and sexual communication. Loss of hair follicle would potentially lead to various skin disorders. For this consequence, the present study was investigated for the potential of the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treated test item (William’s Medium E) on the vibrissae hair follicle organ culture cells for the assessment of hair cell growth and development in vitro. The test item was divided into two parts. One part was defined as the untreated, where no Biofield Energy Treatment provided, while the other part was defined as the Biofield Energy Treated test item, which received the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer Alice Branton. The study parameters like bulb thickness and formation of telogen were assessed using cell-based assay with the help of UTHSCSA Image tool version 3. The experimental results showed that the untreated test item group showed 20% and 26.67% increased bulb thickness on day 5 and 7, respectively compared to day 1. Besides, the percent telogen follicle was found as 86%, 86%, and 100% on day 3, 5, and 7, respectively of the Biofield Energy Treated test item group. The overall results demonstrated that the Biofield Energy Treatment has the potential for hair growth promotion as evident via an increased formation of telogen. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment might be useful as a hair growth promoter for various treatment of skin injuries and skin-related disorders like necrotizing fasciitis, actinic keratosis, sebaceous cysts, diaper rash, decubitus ulcer etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[145] viXra:1908.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 06:35:51

In Vitro Effect of Biofield Energy Treated DMEM On Mitochondrial Biogenesis Using Myoblasts Cell Line, C2C12

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

Mitochondria, a signaling organelles are responsible for energy metabolism within the cell, while its dysfunction in any form could results in the cell death due to an increased oxidative stress and that leads to various metabolic diseases. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing based DMEM medium on murine myoblasts (C2C12) cells to evaluate the mitochondrial mass content using 10-N-nonyl acridine orange (NAO) dye assay. The test item, DMEM was divided into three parts. First part did not receive any sort of treatment and defined as the untreated DMEM group. The second and third parts were treated with the one-time and two-times Biofield Energy Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and coded as the one-time Biofield Energy Treated DMEM (BT-I) and two-times Biofield Energy Treated DMEM (BT-II) groups, respectively. Cell viability of the test items using MTT assay showed 72.32%, 97.89%, and 104.96% viable cells in the untreated DMEM, BT-I, and BT-II groups, respectively suggested that the test items were nontoxic and safe in murine myoblasts (C2C12) cells. Further, the mitochondrial mass content in terms of Fluorescence Unit (FU) was significantly (p≤0.05) increased by 43.11% and 64.52% in the BT-I and BT-II groups, respectively in C2C12 cells compared to the untreated DMEM group. Thus, overall experimental data suggested that two-times blessed DMEM showed a significant improvement of mitochondrial mass content and results in better thermogenesis. In the present study, results demonstrated that an increased mitochondrial mass content in the cells, when treated with The Trivedi Effect®. This indicates that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM has the great potential to improve thermogenesis, which can be used against various metabolic diseases, such as insulin resistance, type-2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[144] viXra:1908.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 06:36:44

Effects of The Biofield Energy Healing Treated Novel Test Formulation for Skin Health and Aging

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 12 Pages.

Skin reflects the correlation between the overall inner-health and aging status, which is the complex biological process influenced by the various factors. The present work evaluated the impact of Biofield Energy (The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing) Treatment on the test formulation and cell medium (DMEM) for various skin health parameters using HFF-1, HaCaT, and B16-F10 cells. The test formulation was consisted of seven ingredients viz. zinc chloride, ferrous sulfate, copper chloride, magnesium gluconate, pyridoxine HCl, vitamin B12, and vitamin D3. The test formulation and DMEM media were divided into two parts. One part received the Biofield Energy Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and defined as the Biofield Treated (BT) sample, while other was denoted as the Untreated (UT) samples. MTT assay using test formulation showed greater than 76% cell viability, suggested safe and nontoxic profile at tested concentrations. Cell proliferation data using BrdU method showed an improved cell proliferation by 127.92% and 121.20% at 50 µg/mL in the BT-DMEM + UT-Test formulation and BT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation groups, respectively compared with the untreated group. The collagen level was significantly increased by 13.08%, and 15.98% at 50 and 100 µg/mL, respectively in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation group compared with the untreated group. The level of elastin was increased by 28.09% at 50 µg/mL in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation group, compared with the untreated group. Hyaluronic acid level was significantly (p≤0.001) increased by 86.10% and 35.14% at 10 and 50 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation group as compared with the untreated group. Moreover, melanin synthesis was significantly inhibited by 16.96% at 10 µg/mL in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation group compared with the untreated group. Anti-wrinkling effect exhibited improved cell viability by 65.63% and 69.95% at 1 and 10 µg/mL, respectively in the BT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation group compared with the untreated group. In vitro wound healing activity using scratch assay significantly improved healing rate and cell migration upto 58.55% in the HFF-1 cells in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation group, while upto 231.25% in HaCaT cells lines in UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation group compared with the untreated group. In conclusion, The Trivedi Effect® based test formulation and DMEM have the significant capacity to improve overall skin health, reversal of aging process and suggests its use in psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, skin cancer, rashes from bacterial or fungal infections, and many more skin diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[143] viXra:1908.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 06:51:49

Top-Quark Production

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

As the heaviest known elementary particle, the top quark has a special place in the physics studied at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. [30] This allowed ATLAS to detect and measure an unprecedented number of events involving top-antitop quark pairs, providing ATLAS physicists with a unique opportunity to gain insight into the top quark's properties. [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[142] viXra:1908.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 07:37:36

Dark Matter Older than Big-Bang

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

The study, published August 7 in Physical Review Letters, presents a new idea of how dark matter was born and how to identify it with astronomical observations. [28] The key component of the LUX-ZEPLIN experiment is ready to be sealed and lowered nearly 1.5 km underground, where it will search for dark matter. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[141] viXra:1908.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 08:03:40

Refutation of Leibniz' Identity of Indiscernibles and Leo-III Theorem Prover

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: Pages.

Leibniz' identity of indiscernibles as ∀x∀y[∀F(Fx↔Fy)→x=y] is not tautologous. Consequently the Leo-III theorem prover for higher-order paramodulated extensional logic is also refuted. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[140] viXra:1908.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 08:33:33

Proof of Goldbach's Strong Conjecture

Authors: Sitangsu Maitra
Comments: 4 Pages.

Proof of Goldbach's strong conjecture in an unusual way
Category: Number Theory

[139] viXra:1908.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 08:26:09

Bernoulli Numbers and Pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

We give a formula for Pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[138] viXra:1908.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 08:32:16

Euler Numbers , Catalan's Constant , Number pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

We give some formulas involving Catalan's constant G=0.915965...
Category: Number Theory

[137] viXra:1908.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 08:39:34

Numbers : Part 2

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 4 Pages.

We give four series for Pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[136] viXra:1908.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 08:41:38

Numbers : Part 1

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

This note presents two Elementary integrals.
Category: Number Theory

[135] viXra:1908.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 08:44:46

A Note on Ramanujan's Integral

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

We give some remarks on Ramanujan's integral: int(f(x),x=0..infinite)=(2/3)sqrt(pi).
Category: Number Theory

[134] viXra:1908.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 10:57:53

Riemann Hypothesis Through the Glance of Infinite Quantum System

Authors: Germann Frosch
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this article we briefly show how to connect Riemann Hypothesis to the Infinite Quantum System. We obtain the needed results. Simple example of such quantum system is a Frog sound system.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[133] viXra:1908.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 11:08:28

Refutation of Completeness of Temporal Logics Over Infinite Intervals

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate three pairs of equations for interval temporal logics [ITL]. None is tautologous, refuting completeness of temporal logics for finite and infinite intervals. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[132] viXra:1908.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 11:10:21

Refutation of the Variety of Distributive Bilattices

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The example stated of a distributive bilattice is not tautologous. This refutes that variety and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[131] viXra:1908.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 11:11:24

Refutation of Varieties of Positive Modal Logic (PML)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Four definitions of positive modal logic (PML) are not tautologous. This refutes positive modal algebra (PML) on the bounded distributive lattice and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[130] viXra:1908.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 11:19:32

Next-Generation Dark Matter Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

The key component of the LUX-ZEPLIN experiment is ready to be sealed and lowered nearly 1.5 km underground, where it will search for dark matter. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[129] viXra:1908.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 11:30:15

Redefining Light Density Inverse Squared Law

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to invalidate light density inverse squared law , and solve the problem of light density for distance values beyond its range.
Category: Classical Physics

[128] viXra:1908.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 12:37:39

Astrophysical Shock in Laboratory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Vast interstellar events where clouds of charged matter hurtle into each other and spew out high-energy particles have now been reproduced in the lab with high fidelity. [30] The current detection suggests that many other such events will be detected in the future and will continue to shed light on this cosmic mystery. [29] In this week's Chaos, Tamás Kovács delivers an alternative method for stability analysis of exoplanetary bodies using only the observed time series data to deduce dynamical measurements and quantify the unpredictability of exoplanet systems. [28] Now experiments led by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) in the Princeton Center for Heliophysics have for the first time reproduced the process behind the source of such shocks. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[127] viXra:1908.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 13:06:18

Quantum Teleportation in Third Dimension

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Physicists in China and Austria have shown for the first time they can teleport multi-dimensional states of photons. [30] A workshop on exploring extreme-field QED and the physics phenomena it creates will be held at SLAC in late summer. [29] University of Toronto Engineering researchers have combined two emerging technologies for next-generation solar power—and discovered that each one helps stabilize the other. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[126] viXra:1908.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 13:26:10

New Quantum-Mechanical Model

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

The authors, theoretical physicists Fabio Di Pumpo and Matthias Freyberger from Ulm University, Germany, present an elegant mathematical model of quantummomentum that is accessible through another classical concept: time-of-flight. [31] Physicists in China and Austria have shown for the first time they can teleport multi-dimensional states of photons. [30] A workshop on exploring extreme-field QED and the physics phenomena it creates will be held at SLAC in late summer. [29] University of Toronto Engineering researchers have combined two emerging technologies for next-generation solar power—and discovered that each one helps stabilize the other. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[125] viXra:1908.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 13:56:17

Coordinates and Static Sphere Metric Solutions

Authors: Karl De Paepe
Comments: 1 Page.

We show there is a scalar function calculated from a metric solution to the Einstein field equations for a static spherically symmetric sphere that depends on coordinates.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[124] viXra:1908.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 13:45:59

Entropy Explains RNA Diffusion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

By associating these small-scale diffusion rates with time-varying values for entropy, he finds that the rates of change of entropy in certain time intervals are larger in areas with higher RNA diffusion rates. [25] By testing a variety of gold nanoparticles, researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and collaborators are providing first evidence of their impact upon human B lymphocytes-the immune cells responsible for antibody production. [24] Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen have developed a method to visualize gene expression of cells with an electron microscope. [23] Researchers at Oregon State University have developed an improved technique for using magnetic nanoclusters to kill hard-to-reach tumors. [22] MIT researchers have now come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis from occurring, by incorporating a crystallized immunosuppressant drug into devices. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18] The DNA molecules are chiral, which means they can exist in two forms which are mirror images, like a left and right hand. The phenomenon was dubbed "chiral induced spin selectivity" (CISS), and over the last few years, several experiments were published allegedly showing this CISS effect, even in electronic devices. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16]
Category: Physics of Biology

[123] viXra:1908.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 19:59:03

Justification for Sphere with Surface-Tension as Eddy-Model in Turbulent Fluid

Authors: Udo E. Steinemann
Comments: 7 Pages.

Current text is to be considered as an Addendum for the earlier text: "Turbulence as structured Route of Energy from Order into Chaos, by Udo E. Steinemann, vixra.com/abs/1801,0037".The recent script introduced a sphere with Surface-Tension as an appropriate eddy-model in a discussion on energy-transport through a turbulent fluid-volume. Maybe this vortex-model seemed to be a bit arbitrarily chosen at publication-time of the article mentioned above. By the current text Ihave tried to justify the former model-idea on account of outcomes from REYNOLDS-equations and PRANDTLs mixing-distance-theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[122] viXra:1908.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 21:36:05

Solar System Motion Principle

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 20 Pages.

How the Solar Group is Created? Let's summarize it in following (The Next Story is hypothesis which we try to prove in this paper) (Part I) 1-A light beam with velocity 1.16 mkm travels for 1 second Based on this light energy Pluto is created and moves for one complete day (light motion for one second causes planet motion for one complete solar day) 2-Based on Pluto motion for one solar day – the solar group is created A simplified proof Pluto Motion Daily =406000 Km = Solar Planets Diameters Total i.e. Energy of Pluto Motion for one solar day (406000km) is used to produce planets diameters (at first) and based on these diameters, the planets distances, masses and other data are created…. So Based on Pluto motion for one solar day the solar group is created and move 3-All planets revolve around the sun in the same direction i.e. the velocities summation is possible (Part II) 4-Planets Motions Energies are accumulated with help of other factors to produce light velocity i.e. Planets Motions Mechanical waves will be accumulated and transformed into light waves (sun rays are produced by planets motions energies accumulation) 5-The produced light continuous for one solar day for us – but it's just one second period relative to the original light beam (because light motion for 1 second causes plant motion for 1 day) 6-The produced light (0.3mkm/sec) needs to multiply with 4 (0.3x 4= 1.2 from which 1.16mkm/sec is produced) – why multiply with 4? Because Earth has a cycle (365 days +365 days +365 days +366 days =1461 days) – and light production process depends on the different rates of time between Earth and the sun (1: 365) 7-The new light beam (1.16mkm/sec) will do the same job for tomorrow (means …. A light beam with velocity 1.16 mkm travels for 1 second….. the cycle is repeating daily) 8-The solar group geometrical structure depends on the solar day as a time period 9-So the solar group original light is 1.16 mkm/sec – how the known light velocity 0.3mkm/sec is created? Based on the Equation (1.16 mkm/sec – 0.3 mkm/sec) /0.3 mkm/sec = A Where A = (1.16 mkm / 0.406mkm) Please review Solar System Geometry (Summarized Discussion Part 4) Where we found that the rate A controls the basic Data in the solar group
Category: Astrophysics

[121] viXra:1908.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 21:45:28

Refutation of Saturated Free Algebras (Revisited) and Almost Indiscernible Theories

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate two papers as probabilistic vector spaces with no bivalent basis, non existence, and no meaning. This refutes saturated free algebras and "almost indiscernible theory", forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[120] viXra:1908.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-07 22:57:29

Random Liquid Cosmological Model of the Universe

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 12 Pages. 5 figures. Including Russian abstract.

There are many universe models, and the universe model based on general relativity has gained wide acceptance. The Big Bang theory is a view that many researchers accepted. However, what is the mechanism of The Big Bang in the universe, why the Universe Big Bang is produced, and what happened to the universe before the Big Bang in the universe, none of which is a good theory to explain. If we agree that there is Virtual Spacetime, we can explain the current expansion of the universe and the possible shrinkage from the mutual oscillation relationship between Virtual Spacetime and Real Spacetime. It is the expansion and contraction of the universe that is caused by the back and forth oscillation of the real spacetime and virtual spacetime component energy forms of the universe. That is, the mass and energy of the universe's Virtual and Real Spacetime transform each other, causing the expansion and contraction effects of the universe. The energy of Virtual Spacetime reflects the mass in Real Spacetime. In Real Spacetime, the reduction of the mass of the universe leads to an increase in the kinetic energy of Real Spacetime. Conversely, if the kinetic energy of Real Spacetime is reduced and the total mass of the universe is increased, it reflects the contraction of the universe. In addition, through the assumptions of Virtual Spacetime, we can also obtain a variety of states that may exist in the universe, including at least two states of gas and liquid. That is to say, if we look at the material composition of the universe from the scale of the universe, the forms of these substances include at least two forms, gaseous and liquid. The division of these two states of the universe also means that we can use the knowledge of fluid mechanics to deal with various problems of the universe.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[119] viXra:1908.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 00:13:54

Einstein and Compton Were not Capable to Explain the Photoelectric Effect and the Compton Effect, Because They Did not Understand the Electron

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 389 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

"I explained the Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect with the interaction of two photons, the incident photon and the photon which is inside the electron" Adrian Ferent "The energy of the photon inside the electron is around 0.5 MeV" Adrian Ferent "The energy of the photon inside the electron is around 0.5 MeV, that is why in Compton scattering the energy of the incident photon is scattered by the electron" Adrian Ferent "Einstein, Compton and all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain the Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect because they did not understand the electron" Adrian Ferent "The electron is not a dot, has a volume that is why the incident photon interacts with the electron at different angles and it is scattered at different angles" Adrian Ferent "The Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect are examples of the conservation law of energy and of total momentum that is why the energy of the photon inside the electron will be around 0.5 MeV" Adrian Ferent "The Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect are Proofs for my theory that the electron is a photon around Dark Matter" Adrian Ferent The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrically charged particles like electrons when it absorbs electromagnetic radiation. The photoelectric effect was first observed in 1887 by Heinrich Hertz. Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1921 for ‘his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.’ Einstein and all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain the photoelectric effect. Compton Effect is the increase in wavelength of X-rays that have been scattered by electrons. Compton explained by applying conservation of energy and conservation of momentum to the collision between the photon and the electron. Compton was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1927 ‘for his discovery of the effect named after him.’ Compton and all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain the Compton effect. "The electron is a photon around Dark Matter" Adrian Ferent "The Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron" Adrian Ferent How I explained the Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect: "I explained the Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect with the interaction of two photons, the incident photon and the photon which is inside the electron" Adrian Ferent "The electron is a photon around Dark Matter and interacts with photons, because the electric fields satisfy the superposition principle" Adrian Ferent "Einstein, Compton and all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain the Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect because they did not understand the electron" Adrian Ferent "The photon inside the electron is the charge, is the electric field inside a volume equivalent with the electric field created by an electric charge. An electric field surrounds an electric charge; the same thing inside the electron, the electric field of the photon surrounds the center of the electron. Electric charge doesn't exist, was invented by scientists because they were not capable to explain the electric charge and what is inside the electron!" Adrian Ferent I explained the Compton effect: The Compton effect: individual photon collides with single electron that is free or quite loosely bound electron in the atom. The incident photon transfers the energy and momentum to the electron. The photon changes its direction and transfers a portion of its original energy to the electron from which it scattered producing an energetic recoil electron. The scattered photon must thus have less energy and momentum than the incoming photon. The fraction of the incident photon energy that is transferred depends on the scattering angle; if the photon is deflected only slightly, little energy is transferred to the electron. "The energy of the photon inside the electron is around 0.5 MeV" Adrian Ferent "The energy of the photon inside the electron is around 0.5 MeV, that is why in Compton scattering the energy of the incident photon is scattered by the electron" Adrian Ferent "The electron has an electric field due to the photon inside the electron" Adrian Ferent "Due to the photon inside the electron, the electron interacts with the electromagnetic field" Adrian Ferent "The electron is not a dot, has a volume that is why the incident photon interacts with the electron at different angles and it is scattered at different angles" Adrian Ferent In the Compton scattering the transfer of maximum energy happens when the incident photon is backscattered from the electron and its original direction is reversed. In the photoelectric effect all the energy of the photon is transferred to the electron, because it is not a free electron. "The Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect are examples of the conservation law of energy and of total momentum that is why the energy of the photon inside the electron will be around 0.5 MeV" Adrian Ferent "The Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect are Proofs for my theory that the electron is a photon around Dark Matter" Adrian Ferent 233. I am the first who explained the Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect with the interaction of two photons, the incident photon and the photon which is inside the electron 234. I am the first who discovered that the energy of the photon inside the electron is around 0.5 MeV 235. I am the first who discovered that the energy of the photon inside the electron is around 0.5 MeV, that is why in Compton scattering the energy of the incident photon is scattered by the electron 236. I am the first who explained that Einstein, Compton and all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain the Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect because they did not understand the electron 237. I am the first who explained that the electron is not a dot, has a volume that is why the incident photon interacts with the electron at different angles and it is scattered at different angles 238. I am the first who discovered that the Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect are examples of the conservation law of energy and of total momentum that is why the energy of the photon inside the electron will be around 0.5 MeV 239. I am the first who explained that the Photoelectric effect and the Compton effect are Proofs for my theory that the electron is a photon around Dark Matter
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[118] viXra:1908.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 01:00:29

Color-Converting Crystal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

At the heart of his field of nonlinear optics are devices that change light from one color to another-a process important for many technologies within telecommunications, computing and laser-based equipment and science. [30] Researchers from Siberian Federal University and Kirensky Institute of Physics have proposed a new design for a multimode stripline resonator. [29] In addition to helping resolve many of the technical challenges of non-line-of-sight imaging, the technology, Velten notes, can be made to be both inexpensive and compact, meaning real-world applications are just a matter of time. [28] Researchers in the Department of Physics of ETH Zurich have measured how electrons in so-called transition metals get redistributed within a fraction of an optical oscillation cycle. [27] Insights from quantum physics have allowed engineers to incorporate components used in circuit boards, optical fibers, and control systems in new applications ranging from smartphones to advanced microprocessors. [26] In a paper published August 1, 2019 as an Editors' Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters, scientists at JQI and Michigan State University suggest that certain materials may experience a spontaneous twisting force if they are hotter than their surroundings. [25] The technology could allow for new capabilities in quantum computing, including modems that link together many quantum computers at different locations. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21]
Category: Condensed Matter

[117] viXra:1908.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 01:16:47

Topological Insulator in Bismuth Crystal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Now, researchers at MIT along with colleagues in Boston, Singapore, and Taiwan have conducted a theoretical analysis to reveal several more previously unidentified topological properties of bismuth. [31] At the heart of his field of nonlinear optics are devices that change light from one color to another-a process important for many technologies within telecommunications, computing and laser-based equipment and science. [30] Researchers from Siberian Federal University and Kirensky Institute of Physics have proposed a new design for a multimode stripline resonator. [29] In addition to helping resolve many of the technical challenges of non-line-of-sight imaging, the technology, Velten notes, can be made to be both inexpensive and compact, meaning real-world applications are just a matter of time. [28] Researchers in the Department of Physics of ETH Zurich have measured how electrons in so-called transition metals get redistributed within a fraction of an optical oscillation cycle. [27] Insights from quantum physics have allowed engineers to incorporate components used in circuit boards, optical fibers, and control systems in new applications ranging from smartphones to advanced microprocessors. [26] In a paper published August 1, 2019 as an Editors' Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters, scientists at JQI and Michigan State University suggest that certain materials may experience a spontaneous twisting force if they are hotter than their surroundings. [25] The technology could allow for new capabilities in quantum computing, including modems that link together many quantum computers at different locations. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[116] viXra:1908.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 01:31:18

Nano Scale Microwave Generation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Spin-torque oscillators (STOs) are nanoscale devices that generate microwaves using changes in magnetic field direction, but those produced by any individual device are too weak for practical applications. [32] Now, researchers at MIT along with colleagues in Boston, Singapore, and Taiwan have conducted a theoretical analysis to reveal several more previously unidentified topological properties of bismuth. [31] At the heart of his field of nonlinear optics are devices that change light from one color to another-a process important for many technologies within telecommunications, computing and laser-based equipment and science. [30] Researchers from Siberian Federal University and Kirensky Institute of Physics have proposed a new design for a multimode stripline resonator. [29] In addition to helping resolve many of the technical challenges of non-line-of-sight imaging, the technology, Velten notes, can be made to be both inexpensive and compact, meaning real-world applications are just a matter of time. [28] Researchers in the Department of Physics of ETH Zurich have measured how electrons in so-called transition metals get redistributed within a fraction of an optical oscillation cycle. [27] Insights from quantum physics have allowed engineers to incorporate components used in circuit boards, optical fibers, and control systems in new applications ranging from smartphones to advanced microprocessors. [26] In a paper published August 1, 2019 as an Editors' Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters, scientists at JQI and Michigan State University suggest that certain materials may experience a spontaneous twisting force if they are hotter than their surroundings. [25] The technology could allow for new capabilities in quantum computing, including modems that link together many quantum computers at different locations. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[115] viXra:1908.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 02:04:28

Redefining Simple Arithmetic Expressions

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 3 Pages. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to redefine undefined arithmetic expressions that have been left by great scientists, to solve misunderstanding these expressions cause in physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[114] viXra:1908.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 02:19:38

Traffic Across Blood Vessels

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

NUS scientists have discovered a control mechanism that regulates the traffic of cells and substances across blood vessels. This effect can have significant impact on cancer metastasis. [26] By associating these small-scale diffusion rates with time-varying values for entropy, he finds that the rates of change of entropy in certain time intervals are larger in areas with higher RNA diffusion rates. [25] By testing a variety of gold nanoparticles, researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and collaborators are providing first evidence of their impact upon human B lymphocytes-the immune cells responsible for antibody production. [24] Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen have developed a method to visualize gene expression of cells with an electron microscope. [23] Researchers at Oregon State University have developed an improved technique for using magnetic nanoclusters to kill hard-to-reach tumors. [22] MIT researchers have now come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis from occurring, by incorporating a crystallized immunosuppressant drug into devices. [21] In a surprising marriage of science and art, researchers at MIT have developed a system for converting the molecular structures of proteins, the basic building blocks of all living beings, into audible sound that resembles musical passages. [20] Inspired by ideas from the physics of phase transitions and polymer physics, researchers in the Divisions of Physical and Biological Sciences at UC San Diego set out specifically to determine the organization of DNA inside the nucleus of a living cell. [19] Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland are using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer simulations of how they interact with everything from proteins to viruses. [18]
Category: Physics of Biology

[113] viXra:1908.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 02:32:38

Cellulose Nanofibers Improve Lateral Flow Test

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Scientists from the ICN2 Nanobioelectronics and Biosensors Group led by ICREA Prof. Arben Merkoçi have carried out a study to enhance the sensitivity of lateral flow tests. [27] NUS scientists have discovered a control mechanism that regulates the traffic of cells and substances across blood vessels. This effect can have significant impact on cancer metastasis. [26] By associating these small-scale diffusion rates with time-varying values for entropy, he finds that the rates of change of entropy in certain time intervals are larger in areas with higher RNA diffusion rates. [25] By testing a variety of gold nanoparticles, researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and collaborators are providing first evidence of their impact upon human B lymphocytes—the immune cells responsible for antibody production. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[112] viXra:1908.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 03:07:47

The Proof of the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Heinz Volkenborn
Comments: 1 page

The proof of the Riemann Hypothesis requires a decoding of the fine-structure constant in which is shown, why the Riemann zeta function cannot show a zero point with Re (s) = 1, off the critical line Re (s) = 1/2
Category: Mathematical Physics

[111] viXra:1908.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 03:28:39

The Information Paradox

Authors: Andrea Berdondini
Comments: 4 Pages.

ABSTRACT: The following paradox is based on the consideration that the value of a statistical datum does not represent a useful information, but becomes a useful information only when it is possible to proof that it was not obtained in a random way. In practice, the probability of obtaining the same result randomly must be very low in order to consider the result useful. It follows that the value of a statistical datum is something absolute but its evaluation in order to understand whether it is useful or not is something of relative depending on the actions that have been performed. So two people who analyze the same event, under the same conditions, performing two different procedures obviously find the same value, regarding a statistical parameter, but the evaluation on the importance of the data obtained will be different because it depends on the procedure used. This condition can create a situation like the one described in this paradox, where in one case it is practically certain that the statistical datum is useful, instead in the other case the statistical datum turns out to be completely devoid of value. This paradox wants to bring attention to the importance of the procedure used to extract statistical information; in fact the way in which we act affects the probability of obtaining the same result in a random way and consequently on the evaluation of the statistical parameter.
Category: Number Theory

[110] viXra:1908.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 05:30:10

Effect of the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol)

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) is a fat-soluble vitamin, which increases the intestinal absorption of minerals (i.e., calcium, magnesium, etc.) and also helps in the prevention and treatment of vitamin D deficiency diseases like rickets, osteoporosis, etc. This research was designed to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of cholecalciferol using the modern analytical technique. The cholecalciferol sample was divided into two parts. One part of the sample was considered as the control sample, while the other portion was subjected to the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and was termed as the treated sample. The powder XRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -71.04% to 85.29% and -58.83% to 712.16% respectively, whereas, the average crystallite size was significantly increased by 6.81% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The particle size values were significantly decreased by 76.95% (d10), 40.84% (d50), 17.44% (d90), and 34.30% [D (4,3)], thus, significantly increased the surface area by 152.23% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion and the maximum thermal degradation temperature were increased by 5.60% and 8.5%, respectively in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The total weight loss was increased by 4.76%; however, the residue amount was significantly decreased by 75.1% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The Biofield Energy Healing Treatment generates a new polymorphic form of cholecalciferol which might offer better solubility, absorption, bioavailability, and thermal stability. The Biofield Energy Treated cholecalciferol would be more efficacious in the nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations for the better therapeutic responses against rickets, osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, etc. It can also help to enhance the intestinal absorption of minerals like calcium, zinc, magnesium, iron, and phosphate.
Category: Biochemistry

[109] viXra:1908.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 05:31:18

Evaluation of the Effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Silver Oxide

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

Silver oxide has many applications in the pharmaceuticals industry, but it is insoluble in many solvents and sensitive to light. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of silver oxide using modern analytical techniques. The silver oxide test sample was divided into two parts, one part of the test sample was considered as a control sample, whereas the other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and termed as a treated sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite size were significantly altered ranging from -37.33 to 17.89% and -63.23% to 230.12%, respectively; however, the average crystallite size was significantly decreased by 18.13% in the treated silver oxide compared with the control sample. The particle size values were significantly decreased by 36.02%(d10), 26.15%(d50), 23.46%(d90), and 26.15%{D(4,3)}, respectively; therefore, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 61.94% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion of the treated silver oxide was significantly decreased by 43.29% compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was increased in the treated sample by 8.13% compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment introduced a new polymorphic form of silver oxide which may show better solubility, dissolution rate, absorption, and bioavailability of silver oxide in the pharmaceutical formulations and advantageous for the industry using it as a raw material.
Category: Biochemistry

[108] viXra:1908.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 05:34:15

Evaluation of the Effect of Biofield Energy Treatment on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Hydroxypropyl β-Cyclodextrin

Authors: Alice Branton, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

Hydroxypropyl β-Cyclodextrin (HPBCD) has many applications in the foods, nutraceuticals, and pharmaceuticals industries. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of HPBCD using modern analytical techniques. The HPBCD test sample was divided into two parts. One part did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment and was called as a control sample, whereas, the other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and was called as a treated sample. The particle size values of the treated HPBCD were decreased by 5.32%, 1.51%, 0.36%, and 1.12% at d10, d50, d90, and D (4,3), respectively compared with the control sample. Thus, the surface area of the treated HPBCD was significantly increased by 6.67% compared with the control sample. The evaporation and melting temperature of the treated HPBCD were increased by 4.76% and 1.92%, respectively compared with the control sample. However, the latent heat of evaporation and latent heat of fusion of the treated HPBCD were significantly decreased by 7.95% and 33.85%, respectively compared to the control sample. The total weight loss in the treated HPBCD sample was decreased by 1.83% compared with the control sample. But, the residue amount was 40.55% more in the case of the treated HPBCD compared to the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment introduced a new form of HPBCD which may show better stability, solubility, dissolution rate, absorption, and bioavailability compared to the control sample. The treated would be more useful for the improvement of solubility of the lipophilic drug, stabilize volatile and unstable compounds, preparation of cholesterol free food products, weight loss supplements, and other anti-obesity medication, and also for the industry using it as a raw material.
Category: Biochemistry

[107] viXra:1908.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-08 05:35:20

Evaluation of the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Polylactic-co-glycolic Acid (PLGA)

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is an FDA approved popular biodegradable copolymer, which has several applications in the pharmaceuticals and biomedical industries. But the degradation and stability of PLGA is a major problem. The objective of this research work was to evaluate the effect of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of PLGA using modern analytical techniques. The test sample was divided into control and treated parts. The control part of the test sample did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas the other part of the sample received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a famous Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and was known as a treated sample. The particle size values were significantly increased by 15.76% (d10), 15.73% (d50), 12.04% (d90), and 13.81% {D(4,3)}; hence, the specific surface area was significantly decreased by 12.45% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of evaporation and latent heat of fusion were altered by 1.05% and -55.13%, respectively in the treated PLGA compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was significantly increased by 10.34%; however, the residue amount was 95.77% less in the treated PLGA sample compared to the control sample. From these results, it can be concluded that the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treated PLGA may show better flowability, shape, and appearance compared with the control PLGA. The Biofield Energy Treated PLGA can provide better benefits for designing the pharmaceutical/nutraceutical formulations and manufacturing of biomedical devices, i.e., sutures, grafts, surgical sealant films, prosthetic devices, implants, micro, and nanoparticles.
Category: Biochemistry

[106] viXra:1908.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 06:48:12

Electroweak Symmetry Breaking

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

In the Standard Model of particle physics, elementary particles acquire their masses by interacting with the Higgs field. This process is governed by a delicate mechanism: electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB). [19] Nuclear physicists successfully measured the weak charge of the proton by shooting electrons at a cold liquid hydrogen target in an experiment carried out at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. [18] The IceCube Neutrino Observatory in Antarctica is about to get a significant upgrade. [17]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[105] viXra:1908.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 07:12:26

Higgs Boson Interactions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Since discovering the particle in 2012, the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations have been hard at work studying the behaviour of the Higgs boson. [20] In the Standard Model of particle physics, elementary particles acquire their masses by interacting with the Higgs field. This process is governed by a delicate mechanism: electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB). [19] Nuclear physicists successfully measured the weak charge of the proton by shooting electrons at a cold liquid hydrogen target in an experiment carried out at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. [18]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[104] viXra:1908.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 07:50:02

Magnetic Bottle Controls Fusion Power

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Scientists who use magnetic fields to bottle up and control on Earth the fusion reactions that power the sun and stars must correct any errors in the shape of the fields that contain the reactions. [43] Scientists seeking to capture and control on Earth fusion energy, the process that powers the sun and stars, face the risk of disruptions—sudden events that can halt fusion reactions and damage facilities called tokamaks that house them. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[103] viXra:1908.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 08:17:59

Filter Suppress Radio Interference

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Researchers from Siberian Federal University and Kirensky Institute of Physics have proposed a new design for a multimode stripline resonator. [29] In addition to helping resolve many of the technical challenges of non-line-of-sight imaging, the technology, Velten notes, can be made to be both inexpensive and compact, meaning real-world applications are just a matter of time. [28] Researchers in the Department of Physics of ETH Zurich have measured how electrons in so-called transition metals get redistributed within a fraction of an optical oscillation cycle. [27] Insights from quantum physics have allowed engineers to incorporate components used in circuit boards, optical fibers, and control systems in new applications ranging from smartphones to advanced microprocessors. [26] In a paper published August 1, 2019 as an Editors' Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters, scientists at JQI and Michigan State University suggest that certain materials may experience a spontaneous twisting force if they are hotter than their surroundings. [25] The technology could allow for new capabilities in quantum computing, including modems that link together many quantum computers at different locations. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[102] viXra:1908.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 08:36:33

Spin Transport in Graphene

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Researchers from the ICN2 Physics and Engineering of Nanodevices Group have proposed a modified graphene-based nanodevice fabrication technique that increases up to three times the spin lifetime and relaxation length compared to previous work of the same kind. [33] This study provides a further step in the design of future biosynthetic hybrids to recover injured nerve tissues functions." [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[101] viXra:1908.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 10:23:12

Solar System Geometry (Summarized Discussion Part 4)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 18 Pages.

Abstract Solar System General Principle Solar System Geometrical Structure depends On Energy Of Light Motion For 1 Second Period Paper Hypotheses Hypothesis No.1 Solar group geometrical structure depends on energy of light motion for 1 second period Hypothesis No.2 1 second period of light motion causes the planet to move for a solar day period Hypotheses Explanation -The whole solar group depends on energy = light beam motion for 1 second only – that means – planets masses, diameters, orbital distances and all other data all of them are created depending the energy of 1 second motion done by light beam -Light motion for one 1 second period provides energy enough to move the planet for a period = 1 solar day i.e. -The Solar Group Building Unit Depends On The Solar Day Period 1- Introduction -The solar group building depends on energy of 1 second of light motion – this 1 second motion of light will be seen on the planet as a motion continuous for 1 complete solar day -That means the solar group building unit is the second for the light beam motion. -The hypothesis tells us that 1 second of light motion = 1 day of planet motion So -Based on any planet motion for one day the solar group is created? -Solar group is consisted of 9 planets – let's use their diameters as example- solar planets diameters total = 2 Jupiter diameters + 1 Saturn diameter = 406000km -What planet moves daily 406000 km ? Pluto -So 1 second motion of light beam is seen in Pluto motion in one complete solar day -And based on Pluto motion for 1 solar day the solar group is created! Can that be possible? -Of course yes for 2 reasons (1)because Jupiter sends its energy to Pluto – where this energy is the solar group main energy – and from this energy Neptune orbital circumference is created and the rest of energy Neptune reflected to the inner planets as we have discussed before and we'll review the details of this process in this paper. (2)Also because 86400 mkm (solar group main energy) = (71)2x 17.2 mkm and we know that 17.2mkm =17.2 degrees where Pluto orbital inclination =17.2 degrees –(71 is the length contraction effect rate As we have discussed) that means the energy is concentrated in Pluto Orbital Inclination (means Energy is concentrated in Pluto data) That makes the conclusion somehow correct – in fact – based on Pluto motion for 1 solar day the solar group is created We will prove that in point no. 4 of this paper – But now we need to know the light beam….! We have supposed that the motion is done in double (light motion with planet motion) Now the planet is Pluto moves for one solar day – we need to know the light beam who moves for 1 second I have supposed Jupiter energy is in light beam form its velocity =1.16mkm/sec So The light travels 1.16 million during 1 second And Pluto moves 0.406 mkm during 1 solar day And the rate A= (1.16/0.406)=2.85714 Based on this rate the solar group is created … The paper tries to prove this fact
Category: Astrophysics

[100] viXra:1908.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 11:04:11

Scattering Revisited

Authors: Ernesto López González
Comments: 32 pages (On spanish)

Background “Just waves�? is a new hypothesis that postulates that matter and energy could be formed by space-time waves in a six dimensional space with anisotropic curvature. Since this waves can be modified by the scattering procces I study the influence of these modifications in the form factor. Results According with the scattering energy particle-waves are just slightly deformed ( reducing their radius ), converted from spheres to plane disks ( so we change from a 3D Fourier transform to a 2D Fourier transform) and compressed by a geometric series of factor 2. These mechanisms depend not only on the energy exchanged, but also on the energy of the incident particles, as well as on the speed of the particle to be studied. After successfully applying these ideas to proton, neutron, pion and muon form factor it is concluded that there is an optimal range of energies for each particle (increasing it indefinitely only leads to the erroneous conclusion that they have no internal structure). Transverse charge density is recommended as the best method for their study. Existence of quarks is denied and an explanation is given to the discrepancy between residual strong nuclear force measurements and maximum binding energies per nucleon.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[99] viXra:1908.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 15:17:18

DefinitionⅡ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

First, ±∞ is constant at any observation point (position).
Category: General Mathematics

[98] viXra:1908.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 20:03:01

Fundamental of Mathematics; Division by Zero Calculus and a New Axiom

Authors: Saburou Saitoh
Comments: 18 Pages. The contents in this paper seem to be serious for our mathematics and for our world history with the materials in \cite{sur}. So, the author hopes that the related mathematicians, mathematical scientists and others check and consider the topics from vari

Based on the preprint survey paper (\cite{sur}), we will discuss the theoritical point of the division by zero calculus. We will need a new axiom for our mathematics. The contents in this paper seem to be serious for our mathematics and for our world history with the materials in \cite{sur}. So, the author hopes that the related mathematicians, mathematical scientists and others check and consider the topics from various viewpoints.
Category: General Mathematics

[97] viXra:1908.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 07:09:39

Corkscrew Photons Twist

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

In a paper published August 1, 2019 as an Editors' Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters, scientists at JQI and Michigan State University suggest that certain materials may experience a spontaneous twisting force if they are hotter than their surroundings. [25] The technology could allow for new capabilities in quantum computing, including modems that link together many quantum computers at different locations. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[96] viXra:1908.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 08:50:10

Carbon Nanotubes Grow Neurons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

This study provides a further step in the design of future biosynthetic hybrids to recover injured nerve tissues functions." [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[95] viXra:1908.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 10:01:44

Eye-Controlled Human-Machine Interface

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

A research team led by the University of California San Diego has developed a soft robotic lens whose movements are controlled by the eyes-blink twice and the lens zooms in and out; look left, right, up or down and the lens will follow. [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[94] viXra:1908.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 10:21:56

Unified Gravito-Kinematics Theory Version March 2019

Authors: Peter Hlava�?ka
Comments: 14 Pages. New version of original 2016 publication

Unified gravito-kinematics theory unifies gravity and kinematics on deeper level as current theories. It is generally compatible with quotations of General relativity, but it extends it and introduces different explanations to selected underlying principles on which is General relativity based. Unified gravito-kinematics theory explains or solves following open problems: primary cause and underlying mechanism of inertia, explanation of speed of light as speed limit, primary cause and underlying mechanism of relativity (Lorentz transformations), explanation of creation of rings of planets explanation of increasing speed of expansion of universe (dark energy), explanation of galaxy rotation problem, solving of some singularities in relativity theory and solution for compatibility of relativity theory with quantum mechanics, which will open door to merge of quantum mechanics and what is now relativity theory. What is most important, Unified gravito-kinematics theory makes very specific predictions, which can be tested by experiments and by astronomic observations. This paper includes one proposed rotation experiment and explanation of creation of rings around planets and smaller objects.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[93] viXra:1908.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 10:29:36

A Closed Form Solution to the Snub Dodecahedron

Authors: Mark Adams
Comments: 14 Pages.

We consider the volume of the unit edge length Snub Dodecahedron.
Category: Geometry

[92] viXra:1908.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 10:33:07

3D Bioprinting Rebuild Hearts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

A team of researchers at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh in the US has now developed a new technique that makes use of a support gel to 3D print heart tissue containing collagen. [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[91] viXra:1908.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 11:31:30

Novel Quantum Networking

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Figueroa readily acknowledged that there is a full-fledged competitive race to be first in the world to host a scalable quantum network that shares entanglement. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[90] viXra:1908.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 11:52:03

Power Generation by Biofuel Cell

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Researchers have developed the first fully functional biofuel cell whose biocatalysts (enzymes that play a critical role in power generation) directly self-assemble onto the electrodes. [42] Researchers have developed a faster, cheaper and simpler alternative to typical DNA origami fabrication, increasing the technique's accessibility and potential impact in industry and clinical settings. [41] Two physicists working out of the University of Florida and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Paul Johns and Juan Nino, conducted research to enhance global nuclear security by improving radiation detectors. [40] Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites are especially successful, and they have been used in optoelectronic devices including solar cells, photodetectors, light-emitting diodes and lasers. [39] A new microscope breaks a long-standing speed limit, recording footage of brain activity 15 times faster than scientists once believed possible. [38] Engineers at Duke University have developed a method for extracting a color image from a single exposure of light scattered through a mostly opaque material. [37] Physicists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, have devised a method to turn a non-magnetic metal into a magnet using laser light. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[89] viXra:1908.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 16:33:40

Wave Propagation Equations in Spaces with Different Metrics

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 17, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

A separate widespread type of motion in any space is the wave motion characterized by some amplitude A, oscillation frequency f of the wave parameter and velocity c = cx of the wave motion along the direction of the x axis. In this paper, the equations of wave motion in spaces with different metrics are considered: in Galilean space, pre-relativistic space of classical mechanics, Minkowski space. Aberration, relativistic and Doppler effects are calculated. Various cases of mutual motion of the source and the receiver and corresponding transformations of coordinates are considered.
Отдельным широко распространенным типом движения в любом пространстве является волновое движение, характеризующееся некоторой амплитудой A, частотой колебаний  параметра волны и скоростью c = cx движения волны вдоль направления оси x. В данной работе рассмотрены уравнения движения волны в пространствах с различной метрикой: в галилеевом пространстве, дорелятивистском пространстве классической механики, пространстве Минковского. Рассчитаны аберрация, релятивистский и Доплера эффекты. Рассмотрены различные случаи взаимного движения источника и приемника и соответствующие им преобразования координат.
Category: Classical Physics

[88] viXra:1908.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 21:38:43

A Discipline of Knowledge and the Graphical Law

Authors: Anindya Kumar Biswas
Comments: 12 Pages. pre-published version

We study English dictionaries of five subjects. We draw in the log scale, number of entries starting with an alphabet vs rank of the alphabet, both normalised. We find that the graphs are closer to the curves of reduced magnetisation vs reduced temperature for various approximations of Ising model.
Category: Linguistics

[87] viXra:1908.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 00:22:08

The Heuristic Model of Energy Propagation in Free Space, Based on the Detection of a Current Induced in a Conductor Inside a Continuously Covered Conducting Enclosure by an External Radio-Frequency Source

Authors: G Piyadasa, UD Annakkage, AM Gole, AD Rajapakse, U Premaratne
Comments: 46 Pages. Supplementary data is attached at the end of the manuscript

The objective of this study is to propose a heuristic model of energy propagation due to an anomaly; electromagnetic-field penetration into a continuously covered conducting enclosure (Faraday shield) from an external radio frequency source, violating the accepted model in electromagnetic-field theory. In this study, at arbitrarily selected frequency, range of 26.965–1800 MHz, of an external frequency source, an electromagnetic field inside the conducting enclosure was observed, contrary to expectations, which was followed by a systematic examination. Although no induced voltage could be expected inside the enclosure according to classical theory, experiment revealed a clear induced voltage inside; An attenuated induced voltage of -18.0dB to -1.0dB (for the range of frequencies 26.965 – 1800MHz) was observed. Hence these results apparently contradict the established notion that an electromagnetic field cannot penetrate a faraday shield. Rationalizing these observations and the results of the investigation leads to an alternative model to the existing models in energy propagation in free space. In this model, novel quantities named ‘ISpin energy’ and ‘ISpin-energy field’ are defined to replace the concept of electric and magnetic fields in classical electromagnetic theory. The proposed ISpin-energy model is capable of explaining the unexpected presence of the electromagnetic field inside the Faraday shield as well as the induction of an alternating current in a conductor placed inside a Faraday shield along with other existing observations in physics such as those in famous Young’s double slit experiment on interference of light - which provided the basis for the wave theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[86] viXra:1908.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 00:56:34

Electrical Properties in Quantum Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Insights from quantum physics have allowed engineers to incorporate components used in circuit boards, optical fibers, and control systems in new applications ranging from smartphones to advanced microprocessors. [26] In a paper published August 1, 2019 as an Editors' Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters, scientists at JQI and Michigan State University suggest that certain materials may experience a spontaneous twisting force if they are hotter than their surroundings. [25] The technology could allow for new capabilities in quantum computing, including modems that link together many quantum computers at different locations. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection.
Category: Quantum Physics

[85] viXra:1908.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 01:18:03

Within Fraction of Optical Oscillation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Researchers in the Department of Physics of ETH Zurich have measured how electrons in so-called transition metals get redistributed within a fraction of an optical oscillation cycle. [27] Insights from quantum physics have allowed engineers to incorporate components used in circuit boards, optical fibers, and control systems in new applications ranging from smartphones to advanced microprocessors. [26] In a paper published August 1, 2019 as an Editors' Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters, scientists at JQI and Michigan State University suggest that certain materials may experience a spontaneous twisting force if they are hotter than their surroundings. [25] The technology could allow for new capabilities in quantum computing, including modems that link together many quantum computers at different locations. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection.
Category: Quantum Physics

[84] viXra:1908.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 02:52:52

Thyroid Cancer Diagnosis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Researchers have demonstrated that an optical technique known as Raman spectroscopy can be used to differentiate between benign and cancerous thyroid cells. [33] A team of researchers at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh in the US has now developed a new technique that makes use of a support gel to 3D print heart tissue containing collagen. [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[83] viXra:1908.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 03:21:27

Imaging See Around Corners

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

In addition to helping resolve many of the technical challenges of non-line-of-sight imaging, the technology, Velten notes, can be made to be both inexpensive and compact, meaning real-world applications are just a matter of time. [28] Researchers in the Department of Physics of ETH Zurich have measured how electrons in so-called transition metals get redistributed within a fraction of an optical oscillation cycle. [27] Insights from quantum physics have allowed engineers to incorporate components used in circuit boards, optical fibers, and control systems in new applications ranging from smartphones to advanced microprocessors. [26] In a paper published August 1, 2019 as an Editors' Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters, scientists at JQI and Michigan State University suggest that certain materials may experience a spontaneous twisting force if they are hotter than their surroundings. [25] The technology could allow for new capabilities in quantum computing, including modems that link together many quantum computers at different locations. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[82] viXra:1908.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 03:43:00

Nano-Vaccine for Melanoma

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Researchers at Tel Aviv University have developed a novel nano-vaccine for melanoma, the most aggressive type of skin cancer. [34] Researchers have demonstrated that an optical technique known as Raman spectroscopy can be used to differentiate between benign and cancerous thyroid cells. [33] A team of researchers at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh in the US has now developed a new technique that makes use of a support gel to 3D print heart tissue containing collagen. [32] In a recent study now published on Light: Science & Applications, Yuchao Li and colleagues at the Institute of Nanophotonics in China, developed an optical microscope system using living cells as tiny lenses to image and manipulate objects smaller than the wavelength of light. [31] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has developed a way to create catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot out of para-connected benzene rings. [30] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[81] viXra:1908.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 04:25:22

How Bayesian Probability Might Help Provide a Realist Interpretation of the Quantum Formalism

Authors: J. Hemp
Comments: 53 Pages. This paper, submitted 24th August 2018 to the International Journal of Theoretical Physics was rejected (without refereeing) as unsuitable. An earlier version, submitted 10th April 2018 to Foundations of Physics was similarly rejected.

We offer a realist interpretation of non-relativistic quantum mechanics in which dynamical properties are properly possessed by the system in question, and are supposed to have definite values at any time. Like the QBists, we employ Bayesian probability, but we adopt something closer to the Bayesian statistics of E. T. Jaynes than to the subjective Bayesian statistics of B. de Fenetti employed by the QBists. Accordingly, we view calculated Bayesian probabilities as rational degrees of expectation of dynamical property values rather than as personal degrees of expectation of future (measurement) experiences. Probabilities are, for us, based on knowledge of the value of some dynamical property of the system, not on knowledge of previous experiences unassociated with system dynamical properties. As some Bayesians might, we take a probability equal to 1 not generally to indicate certainty but only (full) expectation; and we disallow probabilities of conjunctions of propositions claiming incompatible properties. Then, by reinterpreting and adding a little to the quantum formalism, we argue that we can maintain the advantages of the QBist interpretation. So, for us (as for the QBists), there is no unexplained collapse of the wave function, no need for ‘spooky action at a distance’, and no problem raised by the double slit experiment, the Kochen-Specker paradox or Bell type theorems. By holding on to a realist perspective, modelling (of ideal measurements, of system preparation processes etc.) is possible, and we can claim certain dynamical laws of quantum mechanics without leading to contradiction.
Category: Quantum Physics

[80] viXra:1908.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 05:35:11

Cytoprotective Effect of Biofield Energy Treated Test Item Against Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide (T-BHP) Induced Cell Damage in Hepg2 Cell-Line

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 10 Pages.

Emerging data indicate that the mortality rate is rising due to liver disorders day-by-day in the developed countries. The present study was conducted to evaluate the potential of the Biofield Energy (The Trivedi Effect®) Treated test item (DMEM) in HepG2 cell-line. The test item was divided into two parts. One part of the test item received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM and the other part defined as untreated DMEM, where no Biofield Treatment was provided. Cell viability of the test items using MTT assay showed 113% and 129.9% viable cells in the untreated DMEM and Biofield Energy Treated DMEM groups, respectively suggested that the test items were nontoxic and safe in nature. The Biofield Energy Treated DMEM showed significant (p≤0.001) protection of cells by 15% against oxidative stress induced by t-BHP, while untreated DMEM group showed 0.4% protection. The level of IL-8 was significantly (p≤0.01) reduced by 32.15% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group compared to the untreated DMEM group. Moreover, the level of ALT enzyme activity was significantly (p≤0.01) reduced by 53.2% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group compared to the untreated DMEM group. Cholesterol level was significantly (p≤0.001) reduced by 37.35% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group compared to the untreated DMEM group. Besides, the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group showed 43.13% increased the level of albumin compared to the untreated DMEM group. Altogether, results suggested that Biofield Treatment significantly improved liver function. Thus, Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment could be utilized as a hepatoprotectant against several hepatic disorders such as Gilbert’s disease, cirrhosis, steatosis, alcohol abuse, hemochromatosis, Budd-Chiari syndrome, Wilson’s disease, cholangiocarcinoma, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[79] viXra:1908.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-06 05:36:23

In Vitro Evaluation of Anti-Rheumatoid Arthritis Potential of Biofield Energy Treatment by Inhibition of IL-8 Secretion Using Synovial Sarcoma Cell Line (SW982)

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

Interleukin-8 (IL-8) has proven a significant role in the inflammatory rheumatic disorder, which is produced in the synovial fluid. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing based DMEM medium in SW982 (Synovial cell line) on bone health inflammatory parameter like interleukin-8 (IL-8). The test sam-ple (DMEM medium) was divided into three parts, first part received one-time Biofield Treatment by a renowned Consciousness Energy Healer, Alice Branton and was labeled as the one-time Biofield Energy Treated (BT-I) DMEM, while second part received the two-times the Biofield Energy Treatment and is denoted as BT-II DMEM. The third part did not receive any treatment and defined as the untreated DMEM group. Cell viability using MTT assay showed that the cell viability of SW982 cells was more than 95% with a safe and non-toxic profile. Besides, the two-times Biofield Treated DMEM group (BT-II) showed a significant (p≤0.001) inhibition of IL-8 by 31.82% as compared to the untreated DMEM group under stimulation with IL-1β in SW982 cells. Thus, data reflected the significant potential of the test items in bone-health, which play a vital role in the promotion and maintenance of strong and healthy bones against rheumatoid arthritis. Overall, Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment demonstrated a significant inhibition of pro-inflammatory cytokine (IL-8) that signifies it’s potential to act as an anti-rheumatic action in arthritis and other bone inflammatory disorders along with autoimmune disorders such as osteoporosis, Paget’s disease of bone, rickets, deformed bones, osteomalacia, osteoma, aging, bone loss, and fractures.
Category: Biochemistry

[78] viXra:1908.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 08:13:58

New Recognization for the Newton's Third Law: the Reaction Force is Advanced According to the Mutual Energy Principle

Authors: shuang-ren Zhao
Comments: 10 Pages.

Absorber theory published in 1945 and 1949 by Wheeler and Feynman which tells us that if the sun is put in a empty space where apart from the sun is nothing, the sun cannot shine. That means only with the source, the radiation cannot be produced. The radiation is phenomena of an action-at-a-distance. The action at a distance needs at least two object: the source and the sink or the emitter and the absorber. Only with one charge even it has the acceleration, it still cannot make any radiation. However this result is not reflect at the Maxwell's theory. According to the theory of Maxwell, a single charge can produce the radiation without any help of the absorber. Hence, Maxwell theory is different with the absorber theory of Wheeler and Feynman, this author thought that Wheeler and Feynman is correct. According the absorber theory the source (emitter) sends the retarded wave. The sink (absorber) sends the advanced wave. In the electromagnetic field theory, W. J. Welch introduced the reciprocity theorem in 1960. V.H. Rumsey mentioned a method to transform the Lorentz reciprocity theorem to a new formula in 1963. In early of 1987 Shuang-ren Zhao (this author) introduced the mutual energy theorem in frequency domain. In the end of 1987 Adrianus T. de Hoop introduced the time-domain cross-correlation reciprocity theorem. All these theories can be seen as a same theorem in different domain: Fourier domain or in time domain. The reciprocity theorem of Welch, Rumsey and Hoop has been applied to find out the directivity diagram of receiving antenna from the corresponding transmitting antenna. The mutual energy theorem of Zhao, has been applied to define an inner product space of electromagnetic radiation fields, and hence, to applied to the sphere wave expansion and the plane wave expansion. All these theorems the transmitting antenna sends the retarded waves and the receiving antenna sends the advanced waves. The reciprocity theorems of Welch, Rumsey and Hoop talk about reciprocity theorem in which the two fields one can be real one can be virtual. The mutual energy theorem tell us the two fields the retarded wave sent out from the transmitting antenna and the advanced wave sent out from the receiving antenna are real and are physical waves with energy. After 30 years silence on this topic, finally, this author has introduced the mutual energy principle and self-energy principle which updated the Maxwell's electromagnetic field theory and Schrödinger's quantum mechanics. According to the theory of mutual energy principle, the energy of all particles are transferred through the mutual energy flows. The mutual energy flow are inner product of the retarded wave and the advanced wave. The retarded wave is the action the emitter gives to the absorber. The advanced wave is the reaction the absorber gives to the emitter. When the absorber received the retarded wave, it received a force from the emitter, that is the action from emitter to the absorber. When the emitter receive the advanced wave, it obtained the reaction from the absorber. This reaction is express as the recoil force of the particle to the emitter. Hence, action is retarded and the reaction is advanced. In this article the action is retarded and the reaction is advanced will be widen to the macroscopic object for example a stone or a piece of wood. Hence, even the waves in water, in air or wood all involve the advanced reaction. The author reviewed the Newton's third law, found that only when the reaction is advanced, the Newton's third law can be applied on arbitrary surface of the object. Hence the reaction is advanced must be correct.
Category: Classical Physics

[77] viXra:1908.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 11:28:10

Refutation of the Term Rewriting Approach to Automated Theorem Proving

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Using three group axioms, two examples for an original and rewritten proofs are not tautologous. This refutes the term rewriting approach for automated theorem proving to form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[76] viXra:1908.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 15:12:03

Weak Metric Fields

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 7, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

In addition to the force fields defined by scalar and vector potential fields and their intensities, it is possible to have force fields defined directly through the metric tensor gij(r,t). The role of the metric tensor in the motion of a material point is that the trajectory between any two points of space–time along the geodesic "line" as the line of the smallest length is determined through it. The length of the "straight" corresponds to the length of the shortest "interval" between these points. The differential equation of this "shortest" condition is expressed by the Christoffel symbols. In this paper we consider the case of weak "metric" fields and velocities of the material point. The Christoffel symbols themselves and the metric field are defined as corresponding fields in Galilean space. Кроме силовых полей, задаваемых скалярным и векторным потенциальным полями и их напряженностями, возможно существование силовых полей, определяющихся непосредственно через метрический тензор gij(r,t). Роль метрического тензора в движении материальной точки заключается в том, что через него определяется траектория между любыми двумя точками пространства–времени по геодезической "прямой" как линии наименьшей длины. Длина "прямой" при этом соответствует длине наикратчайшего "интервала" между этими точками. Дифференциальное уравнение этого "наикратчайшего" условия выражается через символы Кристоффеля - В данной работе рассмотрен случай слабых "метрических" полей и скоростей движения материальной точки. Сами символы Кристоффеля и метрическое поле определены как соответствующие поля в галилеевом пространстве
Category: Classical Physics

[75] viXra:1908.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 15:14:32

Vector Potential Field

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 8, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

In addition to the force fields given by the scalar potential field and its intensity, there may be force vector potential fields Vi(r,t), which are converted as a vector. Such fields can directly set the energy K = p0 and the momentum pi (speed) of the motion of a material point in space or their change in contrast to the scalar potential field, which determines the change only of the kinetic energy of the material point. This field is called a vector potential field. Кроме силовых полей, задаваемых скалярным потенциальным полем и его напряженностью, возможно существование силовых векторных потенциальных полей Vi(r,t), которые преобразуются как вектор. Такие поля могут непосредственно задавать энергию K = p0 и импульс pi (скорость) движения материальной точки в пространстве или их изменение в отличие от скалярного потенциального поля, задающего изменение только кинетической энергии м.т. Такое поле называется векторным потенциальным полем
Category: Classical Physics

[74] viXra:1908.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 15:30:33

Scalar Potential Field φ(t,ri)

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 6, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

This paper deals with the description of the scalar potential field and the motion of a material point in it in three-dimensional and four-dimensional interpretations. Attention is also paid to the existence of such fields in classical physics with the operating principles of relativity. It is shown that such fields can only be stationary, and not stationary can only be in conservative systems. В данной работе рассмотрены вопросы описания скалярного потенциального поля и движения материальной точки в ней в трехмерной и четырехмерной интерпретациях. Также уделено внимание вопросу существования таких полей в классической физике с действующими в ней принципами относительности. Показано, что такие поля могут быть только стационарными, а не стационарными могут быть только в консервативных системах.
Category: Classical Physics

[73] viXra:1908.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 15:34:36

Scalar Field of Density ρ

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: language: Russian, number of pages: 3, mailto:timinva@yandex.ru, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

In addition to the true scalar potential fields that determine the energy of M. O. in space-time or its change, there are other similar to scalar fields that affect M. O. In this paper we consider the description of the scalar fields of density ρ and the strength E of the resistance to the motion of a material point in three-dimensional and four-dimensional interpretations. Кроме истинно скалярных потенциальных полей, определяющих энергию м.о. в пространстве-времени или ее изменение, существуют и другие, похожие на скалярные, поля, которые воздействуют на м.о. В данной работе рассмотрены вопросы описания скалярных полей плотности ρ и напряженности E сопротивления движению материальной точки в трехмерной и четырехмерной интерпретациях.
Category: Classical Physics

[72] viXra:1908.0074 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-12 04:48:42

Reconsideration of X^3 - dx - a = 0 Based on the Cubic Equation X^3 = 15x + 4 Solved by Rafael Bombelli

Authors: Atsushi Koike
Comments: 14 Pages.

According to Pierre Wantzel’s proof of 1837 that the trisection of 60 degree is impossible, because the cubic equation of x^3 - 3x - 1 = 0 had a absence of a rational solution. And his proof reached already a consensus as a general opinion. I learned from Nobukazu Shimeno’s introductory book on complex numbers that Rafael Bombelli got a rational solution x= 4 from the cubic equation x^3 = 15x + 4 based on the Cardinal formula. x^3 = 15x + 4 is x^3 - 15x - 4 = 0, which can be further replaced by x^3 - dx - a = 0. Kentaro Yano, who introduces the trisection of angles, says that the basic equation of x^3 - 3x - 1 = 0 is x^3 - dx - a = 0. In other words, the equation that Rafael Bombelli obtained a rational number solution is the same as the equation of the trisection of the angle. On the other hand, Yano raises x^3 - 3x = 0 as an example when the angle can be divided into three equal parts. Needless to say, x^3 - 3x - 0 = 0 and x^3 - dx - a = 0. Therefore, comparing Rafael Bombelli’s solution and the equation where Yano’s angle trisection is impossible and possible, the equation for angle trisection is x = a. And I found that if x = a = 2 then the solution is obtained at all angles. This paper proves that.
Category: Geometry

[71] viXra:1908.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 01:55:18

A Short Technical Note on ‘Promising Aspects’ of an Informatics Platform for Analysis of Raman Spectra with [ Julia Language + its DSP Libraries ] – An Introduction to Signal Processing Using [ Julia/IoT/HPC/MXNet-Machine Learning ]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 1 Page. Short Communication

A Short Technical Note on ‘Promising Aspects’ of an Informatics Platform for Analysis of Raman Spectra with [ Julia Language + its DSP Libraries ] – An Introduction to Signal Processing Using [ Julia/IoT/HPC/MXNet-Machine Learning ] in the Context of Petascale Computing R&D.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[70] viXra:1908.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 02:01:30

Fermat's Last Theorem (Excluding the Case of N=2^t). Unified Method

Authors: Victor Sorokine
Comments: 4 Pages. English version

IN THE FIRST CASE every number (A) is replaced by the sum (A'+A°n) of the last digit and the remainder. After binomial expansion of the Fermat's equality, all the members are combined in two terms: E=A'^n+B'^n-C'^n with the third digit E''', which in one of the n-1 equivalent Fermat's equalities is equal to 2, and the remainder D with the third digit D''', which is equal either to 0, or to n-1, and therefore the third digit of the number A^n+B^n-C^n is different from 0.

IN THE SECOND CASE (for example A=A°n^k, but (BС)'≠0), after having transformed the 3kn-digit ending of the number B into 1 and having left only the last siginificant digits of the numbers A, В, С, simple calculations show that the (3kn-2)-th digit of the number A^n+B^n-C^n is not 0 and does not change after the restoration of all other digits in the numbers A, B, C, because it depends only on the last digit of the number A°.


Category: Number Theory

[69] viXra:1908.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 04:49:12

Refutation of Symmetry Breaking, Boolean Skeletons, Ensemble Technique, and SMT Solver

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The SMT problem as stated is not a theorem, and the derivation of Boolean skeletons, while equivalent, are not the SMT problem. This refutes the symmetry breaking technique and also the attendant ensemble technique. What follows is the SMT solver is refuted, forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[68] viXra:1908.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 05:57:23

Hair Growth Promoting Potential of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment in Human Dermal Papilla Cells

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Alopecia is a common disorder related to hair fall, observed in all age’s peoples around the world. Although several medical approaches are available, however those are insufficient to mitigate or symptomatic relief from these types anomalies. Hence, it is highly essential to establish an alternative treatment strategy to increase hair proliferation. For this context, the current experiment was conducted to investigate the potential of the Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment to the test items (DMEM) in human follicular dermal papilla culture cells for the assessment of hair cell growth and development. The test item was divided into two parts. One part was denoted as the untreated DMEM group without any Biofield Energy Treatment, while the other part was defined as the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group, which received the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The experimental results showed that cell proliferation was significantly increased by 219.30% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group as compared to the untreated DMEM group. The results demonstrated that the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment significantly increased the proliferation of human hair follicle dermal papilla cells. Therefore, the Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment could be useful as a hair growth enhancer against different skin injuries like actinic keratosis, necrotizing fasciitis, sebaceous cysts, diaper rash, decubitus ulcer and hair-related disorders like androgenetic alopecia, telogen effluvium, trichodystrophy, alopecia areata, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[67] viXra:1908.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 05:58:10

Anti-Oxidative Potential of Biofield Energy Treatment on Lung Health Using A549 Cells

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in most of the diseases and their complications. The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the anti-oxidative potential of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated DMEM medium on the level of protection against oxidative stress and superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme activity using A549 cells. The test item (DMEM) was divided into two parts. One portion was denoted as the untreated DMEM without any Biofield Energy Treatment, while the other portion was defined as the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM, which received the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton. The cell viability of the test items using MTT assay showed an increase viable cells by 122.60% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM, suggesting a safe and nontoxic profile of the test items. Furthermore, the cellular protection against oxidative stress was significantly increased by 60.50% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group compared with the untreated DMEM group. Additionally, the SOD enzyme activity was significantly increased by 38.08% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group compared with the untreated DMEM group. Thus, the overall in vitro lung health data suggest that the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment showed a significant improvement of anti-oxidative potential against oxidative damage caused by free radicals and stress in A549 cells. It is concluded that the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment has the significant capacity to increase the SOD enzyme level (antioxidant activity) along with an improved cellular protection against oxidative damage. Thus, The Trivedi Effect® can be used in various human lung disorders such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung malignancies and parenchymal lung diseases like idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and lung granulomatous diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[66] viXra:1908.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 05:59:01

Improved Metabolic Cardiac Biomarkers Activity Using Rat Cardiomyocytes Cell Line (H9c2) Against Biofield Energy Treated Test Sample

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 12 Pages.

Cardiac biomarkers are important targets for any test sample to discover ideal cardiac health supplement. The study was aimed to evaluate the cardioprotective activity of Biofield Energy Treated test sample (DMEM) using rat cardiomyocytes (H9c2) cells. The test item (DMEM medium) was divided into three parts, first part received one-time Biofield Treatment by Alice Branton, a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, and defined as the one-time Biofield Energy Treated (BT-I) DMEM, while second part received two-times Biofield Energy Treatment and denoted as the BT-II DMEM. The third part did not give treatment and denoted as the untreated DMEM group. The cell viability of the test sample by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-Diphenyltetrazolium Bromide (MTT) assay showed an increase level of viable cells by 86.58% and 91.37% in the BT-I and BT-II groups, respectively. Besides, BT-I and BT-II groups showed 10.56% and 23.53% cytoprotective action compared to the tert-Butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) induced group. Further, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level was significantly (p≤0.001) reduced by 54.43% and 53.52% in the BT-I and BT-II groups, respectively compared to t-BHP induced group. Moreover, the level of creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) was reduced by 63.48% and 60.68% in the BT-I and BT-II groups, respectively compared to the t-BHP induced group. Additionally, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level was significantly inhibited by 55.6% and 112.8% in the BT-I and BT-II groups, respectively compared to the t-BHP induced group. Besides, apoptotic activity was significantly inhibited by 16% and 10% in the BT-I and BT-II groups, respectively compared to the t-BHP induced group. Overall, the experimental data demonstrated that The Trivedi Effect® has significant capacity to improve the overall cardiac parameters in H9c2 cells, which can be used against various cardiac disorders such as congestive heart failure (CHF), cardiomyopathy, heart valve disorders, arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[65] viXra:1908.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 06:04:40

Refutation of Classification of Finitary, Algebraizable Logics as Undecidable in Hilbert Calculi

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Two axioms as tested are not tautologous, to refute the Hilbert calculus as claimed. This refutes the conjecture of classification of finitary, algebraizable logic as undecidable in Hilbert calculi. That also disallows a follow-on article. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[64] viXra:1908.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 06:03:46

Antineutrino Monitor Nuclear Reactors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Technology to measure the flow of subatomic particles known as antineutrinos from nuclear reactors could allow continuous remote monitoring designed to detect fueling changes that might indicate the diversion of nuclear materials. [20] Ereditato even dreams of replacing the design of one of the four massive DUNE far detector modules with a pixelated version. [19] Nuclear physicists successfully measured the weak charge of the proton by shooting electrons at a cold liquid hydrogen target in an experiment carried out at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. [18]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[63] viXra:1908.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 06:21:38

Warm Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Detailed new maps of the distribution of hydrogen gas absorption could be used to support-or exclude-this warm dark matter possibility (see the figure), and shed light on this mysterious cosmic component. [28] Dr. Wojciech Hellwing, coordinator of the project and Research Fellow at the Centre for Theoretical Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences, discusses the project's findings so far. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[62] viXra:1908.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 06:37:32

Hexagonal Graphene Quantum Dots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

A KAIST team has designed a novel strategy for synthesizing single-crystalline graphene quantum dots, which emit stable blue light. [31] Now, a Rutgers-led team has paved the way to solving one of the most enduring mysteries in materials physics by discovering that in the presence of a moiré pattern in graphene, electrons organize themselves into stripes, like soldiers in formation. [30] have developed a graphene device that's thinner than a human hair but has a depth of special traits. [29] Scientists at HZB have found evidence that double layers of graphene have a property that may let them conduct current completely without resistance. [28] US researchers studying high-temperature cuprate superconductors outside the superconducting regime have used cutting-edge X-ray scattering to detect long-predicted-but never previously observed-excitations called plasmons perpendicular to the material's atomic planes. [27] Using solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) techniques, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory discovered a new quantum criticality in a superconducting material, leading to a greater understanding of the link between magnetism and unconventional superconductivity. [26] Improving these devices could mean more powerful computers, better detectors of disease and technological advances scientists can't even predict yet. [25] Researchers at the Schliesser Lab at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have demonstrated a new way to address a central problem in quantum physics: at the quantum scale, any measurement disturbs the measured object. [24] An answer to a quantum-physical question provided by the algorithm Melvin has uncovered a hidden link between quantum experiments and the mathematical field of Graph Theory. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[61] viXra:1908.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-05 06:55:03

AI Detect Fast Radio Bursts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A Swinburne Ph.D. student has built an automated system that uses artificial intelligence (AI) to revolutionise our ability to detect and capture fast radio bursts (FRBs) in real-time. [26] Most discussions about artificial intelligence (AI) are characterised by hyperbole and hysteria. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[60] viXra:1908.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-03 08:29:16

Father, Mother and Other. Etymology of Russian Words

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 9 Pages. -

FATHER, MOTHER and other. Etymology of Russian words
Category: Linguistics

[59] viXra:1908.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-03 16:21:46

Espil Short Proof of Generalized Cauchy's Residue Theorem.

Authors: Federico Espil
Comments: 2 Pages.

Shortly we can derive the Cauchy's residue theorem (its general form) just by integration of a Taylor Series "without" making any radius go to zero,even without the limit circumference idea take place. The Espil's theorem it's a short proof of the Cauchy's generalized residue theorem
Category: Functions and Analysis

[58] viXra:1908.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 03:22:05

Quantum Microphone of Phonons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

The technology could allow for new capabilities in quantum computing, including modems that link together many quantum computers at different locations. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[57] viXra:1908.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 03:32:53

Understanding [ Haskell/HLearn/HLearn-Algebra/Java/JikesRVM/JIProlog] in the Context of Future Bio-metrics Systems Research Domains with IoT-Devices/HPC Heterogeneous Environment/s – A Promising Insight

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Understanding [ Haskell/HLearn/HLearn-Algebra/Java/JikesRVM/JIProlog] in the Context of Future Bio-metrics Systems Research Domains with IoT-Devices/HPC Heterogeneous Environment/s – A Promising Insight into Hi-End [ Haskell+Java ] based Intelligent Computational Aspects of Mobile Informatics involving [ AI/ML/DL ] based R&D of Cyber Attacks or Threats. [ An Investigation Using Haskell/Java/JikesRVM/JIProlog Software Related Concepts ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[56] viXra:1908.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 04:59:44

Graphene Superconductor Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Now, a Rutgers-led team has paved the way to solving one of the most enduring mysteries in materials physics by discovering that in the presence of a moiré pattern in graphene, electrons organize themselves into stripes, like soldiers in formation. [30] Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a graphene device that's thinner than a human hair but has a depth of special traits. [29] Scientists at HZB have found evidence that double layers of graphene have a property that may let them conduct current completely without resistance. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[55] viXra:1908.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 05:20:36

Low Voltage LED

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

When atomically thin semiconductors are combined together in a Lego style, they emit light at a lower voltage potentially leading to low energy consumption devices. [43] In a finding that runs counter to a common assumption in physics, researchers at the University of Michigan ran a light emitting diode (LED) with electrodes reversed in order to cool another device mere nanometers away. [42] With enhanced understanding of this system, the Quantum Dynamics Unit aims to improve upon the industry standard for qubits – bits of quantum information. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[54] viXra:1908.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 05:36:03

Nanotechnology with Ion Beams

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38] Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[53] viXra:1908.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-04 06:45:02

Atomically Precise Synthesis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

Chemists have predicted zigzag-edged triangular graphene molecules (ZTGMs) to host ferromagnetically coupled edge states, with net spin scaling with the molecular size. Such molecules can afford large spin tunability, which is crucial to engineer next-generation molecular spintronics. [39] An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38]
Category: Condensed Matter

[52] viXra:1908.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 06:47:00

Quantum Supercomputer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

A new study led by a physicist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), published in the journal Scientific Reports, details how a quantum computing technique called "quantum annealing" can be used to solve problems relevant to fundamental questions in nuclear physics about the subatomic building blocks of all matter. [42] An international team headed up by Alexander Holleitner and Jonathan Finley, physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), has succeeded in placing light sources in atomically thin material layers with an accuracy of just a few nanometers. [41] The physicists, Brian Skinner at MIT, Jonathan Ruhman at MIT and Bar-Ilan University, and Adam Nahum at Oxford University, have published their paper on the phase transition for entanglement in a recent issue of Physical Review X. [40] A team of physicists from the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW) introduces a novel technique to detect entanglement even in large-scale quantum systems with unprecedented efficiency. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[51] viXra:1908.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 07:01:53

Evaluation of Estrogenic Activity of Biofield Energy Treatment for the Potential of Menstrual Disorders Using Ishikawa Cell Line

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 5 Pages.

Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) plays a vital role in the endometrium development, maturation, endocrine function, and osteoblastic differentiation. The present investigation explained the role of Consciousness Energy Healing based test item (DMEM medium) on ALP in Ishikawa cells. After the division of the test item into two parts; first, part received Biofield Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and was labeled as the Biofield Treated DMEM, while the second part did not receive any treatment, and denoted as the untreated DMEM. MTT data showed 142.56% viable cells in the Biofield Treated test item, which indicated that the test item was found as safe and non-toxic. Besides, the estrogenic potential concerning ALP level was significantly (p≤0.001) increased by 65.18% in the Biofield Treated DMEM group than untreated DMEM. Thus, the experimental data suggested that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM would play a significant role for the growth of Ishikawa cells along with an improved ALP level, which play a vital role in the promotion and maintenance of estrogen level and can be used against various estrogenic disorders viz. endometritis, hypophosphatasia, osteoporosis, infertility, severe anemia, malnutrition, fetal defects, early pregnancy loss, and preterm birth.
Category: Biochemistry

[50] viXra:1908.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 07:02:40

Evaluation of a Consciousness Energy Healing Based Test Formulation for Skin Health

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

This study was investigated the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) based test formulation and DMEM medium on skin health in B16-F10, HaCaT, and HFF-1 cells. The test formulation and DMEM were as-signed into two parts. First part was received the Biofield Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and were defined as the Biofield Treated samples (BT), while the second parts were denoted as the untreated test samples (UT). MTT assay data showed more than 76% cells were viable in all the tested concentrations in three different cell lines, indicating that the test formulation was safe and nontoxic. The BrdU assay showed the percent cell proliferation was increased by 15.88% in the UT-DMEM + BT- Test formulation compared to the UT-DMEM + UT-Test formulation group. Elastin was increased significantly (p ≤ 0.001) by 64.37%, 29.46% and 38.75% in UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation, BT-DMEM + UT-Test formulation, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation, respectively at 100 µg / mL compared to the untreated test formulation. Hyaluronic acid was significantly increased by 17.74%, 96.20%, and 25.03% in UT-DMEM + BT- Test formulation, BT-DMEM + UT-Test formulation, and BT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation groups, respectively at 10 µg / mL compared to untreated group. The level of melanin was significantly decreased by 8.60% (p ≤ 0.05), 12.68% (p ≤ 0.001), and 21.73% (p ≤ 0.001) in the UT-DMEM + BT- Test formulation group at 0.1, 1.0, and 10 µg / mL, respectively compared to the untreated group. Protection of skin cells after UV-B exposure data showed that the cell viability was significantly increased by 31.15% and 10.84% in the UT-DMEM + BT-Test formulation and BT-DMEM + UT-Test formulation groups, respectively at 50 µg / mL compared to the untreated group. Wound healing data exhibited that the wound area was recovered with new cells by 84.91%, 92.31%, 35.09%, and 41.67% at 10, 50, 100, and 200 µg / mL in the BT-DMEM + BT- Test formulation group, respectively in HaCaT cells compared to the untreated group. The experimental data envisaged that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM and test formulation showed significant skin protective activity. Thus, the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation could be useful for the development of effective cosmetic products for the nourishment of several skin problems such as fine lines, wrinkles, texture, pore size, elasticity, skin color / clarity, redness, hydration, to maintain the overall skin quality, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[49] viXra:1908.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 07:03:23

Solid State Characterization of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Ferrous Sulphate

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Ferrous sulphate is an inorganic iron salt used for the prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anaemia. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of the Trivedi Effect®- Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the solid state properties of ferrous sulphate using sophisticated analytical techniques. The test compound, ferrous sulphate was divided into two parts and named as the control and treated sample. The control ferrous sulphate did not receive Biofield Energy Treatment; however, the Treated sample received the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by the well-known Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi (USA) for 3 minutes. The PXRD relative peak intensities and crystallite size of the treated sample were significantly changed from -66.93% to 331.88% and -24.92% to 139.87%, respectively compared with the control sample. The particle size in the treated sample values were significantly decreased by 17.56% (d10), 26.94% (d50), 31.66% (d90), and 28.98% {D(4,3)}, respectively; however, the specific surface area was significantly increased by 29.57% compared to the control sample. The melting point of the treated ferrous sulphate in the 1st and 3rd peaks was decreased by 4.06% and 2.55% respectively, while increased by 8.40% and 0.17% in the 2nd and 4th peaks, respectively compared to the control sample. The total latent heat of fusion was significantly decreased by 23.22% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The total weight loss in the treated ferrous sulphate was increased by 2.00% compared with the control sample. The maximum thermal decomposition temperature of the treated ferrous sulphate was decreased by 2.14%, 16.53%, 3.89%, and 2.21% in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th peak respectively, compared to the control sample. The Biofield Energy Treatment might lead to the production of a new polymorphic form of iron sulphate. The Biofield Energy Treated ferrous sulphate would be useful to design more efficacious nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations, which might offer better therapeutic response against iron deficiency anaemia.
Category: Biochemistry

[48] viXra:1908.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 07:04:02

Evaluation of the Impact of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol)

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Vitamin D3 (or cholecalciferol) is a fat-soluble vitamin widely used for the prevention and treatment of vitamin D deficiency disease. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physical, chemical, and thermal properties of cholecalciferol using sophisticated analytical techniques. Cholecalciferol powder sample was divided into two parts, one part of cholecalciferol was considered as a control sample (no Biofield Treatment was provided), while second part received Biofield Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a popular Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi. The PXRD relative peak intensities and crystallite size of the treated cholecalciferol were significantly altered ranging from 17.35 to 60.14% and -30.02% to 99.79%, respectively compared to the control sample. The average crystallite sizes of the treated cholecalciferol were increased by 3.41% compared to the control sample. The particle size values in Dahryn’s treated cholecalciferol were significantly increased by 2.91% (d10), 3.73% (d50), 19.59% (d90), and 15.53% {D (4,3)}, respectively; thus, the specific surface area was significantly decreased by 20.41% compared to the control sample. Similarly, the melting point and latent heat of fusion of the treated cholecalciferol were lowered by 0.76% and 2.60%, respectively compared with the control sample. The total weight loss in the treated cholecalciferol was decreased compared to the control sample. The Tmax of the treated cholecalciferol was decreased by 3.32% compared to the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might produce a new polymorphic form of cholecalciferol which would improve powder flow ability, shape, and appearance compared with the control sample. The Consciousness Energy Healing Treated cholecalciferol would be beneficial to design better nutraceutical and pharmaceutical formulations for the treatment of vitamin D deficiency, rickets, osteoporosis, cancer, diabetes mellitus, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[47] viXra:1908.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 07:19:09

Quantum Simulation by Light Radio

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

In a cooperative project, theorists from the the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching anf the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) have now developed a new toolbox for quantum simulators and published it in Science Advances. [42] An international team headed up by Alexander Holleitner and Jonathan Finley, physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), has succeeded in placing light sources in atomically thin material layers with an accuracy of just a few nanometers. [41] The physicists, Brian Skinner at MIT, Jonathan Ruhman at MIT and Bar-Ilan University, and Adam Nahum at Oxford University, have published their paper on the phase transition for entanglement in a recent issue of Physical Review X. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[46] viXra:1908.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 07:56:41

About Wave-Particle Duality

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 5 pages, 3 figures

In contemporary physics a current Quantum Mechanics (QM) theory holds that all particles exhibit a wave nature and vice versa. However, the meaning or interpretation of this statement has not been satisfactorily resolved yet. According to the multispace conception [1] the force field and space are synonyms. Each particle has several force fields: electric, magnetic, gravity. Therefore the particle can be simultaneously in several spaces. So a photon in its own electric and magnetic spaces is a particle, but in the gravity space the photon is a wave. This phenomenon is intrinsic wave-particle duality. The scattering and collisions of fermions (electrons) can form a picture of distribution similar to wave interference. It is apparent wave-particle duality because fermions remain as lumps.
Category: Quantum Physics

[45] viXra:1908.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 08:23:29

The COSMOS: A Uniformly Spherical Expansion model (U.S.E.)

Authors: F. J. Gheeraert
Comments: Language=Dutch, 55 pages

A model of the COSMOS based on the assumption that the limit of gravitational forces, although capable of keeping galaxies "together", cannot influence anymore the velocity at which the galaxies themselves are moving away from the point Omega (point of Big Bang).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[44] viXra:1908.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 08:18:25

Dark Energy or Modified Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Dr. Wojciech Hellwing, coordinator of the project and Research Fellow at the Centre for Theoretical Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences, discusses the project's findings so far. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[43] viXra:1908.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 09:05:10

Higgs Boson Discovery Channels

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Critically, the new results examine two of the Higgs boson decays that led to the particle's discovery in 2012: H→ZZ*→4ℓ, where the Higgs boson decays into two Z bosons, in turn decaying into four leptons (electrons or muons); and H→γγ where the Higgs boson decays directly into two photons.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[42] viXra:1908.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 09:23:51

28 Gev Particle

Authors: Theodore M Lach
Comments: 15 Pages.

Over 20 years ago I published a paper via arXiv titled "Masses of the subnuclear particles". In that paper there was a prediction of a 27 GeV lepton in the heaviest generation the fifth generation. Today my refined value is 27.5 +/- 0.5 GeV. This discovery of a particle near 28 GeV confirms what I believe.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[41] viXra:1908.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 09:58:14

Refutation of Heyting Algebra (Part Two)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the seminal equation for Heyting algebra of a∧b≤c⇔a≤b→c. It is not tautologous, hence refuting Heyting algebra as stated, and forming another non tautologous fragment of Heyting algebra in the universal logic V�?4.
Category: Algebra

[40] viXra:1908.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 10:00:13

Refutation of Löwner (Loewner) Order and Quantum Temporal Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the Löwner order ⊑ for positive definite as the basis for quantum temporal logic (QTL). The operator is not tautologous. We also evaluate the semantics for QTL in three operators, also not tautologous. These form non tautologous fragments for both in the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[39] viXra:1908.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 14:33:06

The Basic Laws of Coded Information: from DNA to ai

Authors: Victor Paromov
Comments: 9 pages, 1 figure

The basic laws of coded information that differ from the basic laws of matter have been proposed, and classification of the three major types of "information processing machines" (IPMs) have been given. In addition, the main characteristics of the future Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) have been discussed.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[38] viXra:1908.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 15:36:20

A Sceptical Analysis of Quantized Inertia

Authors: Michele Renda
Comments: 6 Pages.

We perform an analysis of the derivation of Quantized Inertia (QI) theory, formerly known with the acronym MiHsC, as presented by McCulloch (2007, 2013). Two major flaws were found in the original derivation. We derive a discrete black-body radiation spectrum, deriving a different formulation for $F(a)$ than the one presented in the original theory. We present a numerical result of the new solution which is compared against the original prediction.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[37] viXra:1908.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 18:44:05

Refutation of the Wellfoundedness of the Multiset Order

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The two equations for an inductive proof of the wellfoundedness of the multiset order are not tautologous, and form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[36] viXra:1908.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 19:35:42

Refutation of the Church-Rosser Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The Church-Rosser theorem evaluates as not tautologous, hence forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[35] viXra:1908.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 22:26:13

Solar System Geometry (Summarized Discussion - Part 2)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 14 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis The Sun Rays Is Produced By Planets Motions Energies Accumulations The paper tries to prove this fact Solar Group Alternative Description 1-The solar group is one trajectory of Energy and each planet is a point on this same trajectory …i.e. 2-The Solar Group is One Building and each planet is a part of this same building- 3-Also The solar group is similar to a train and each planet is a carriage of it. 4-Also the solar group can be similar to one body, and each planet is a member in it 5-Also, The solar group can be similar to one machine, each planet is a gear in it 6-Planet moves with all other planets together as a train moves with all carriages – Description Basic Concept Planets cooperation and integration is the reason of their existence and motions. How to understand that? WE know that the matter is created of Energy (E=mc2) – but How The Space Is Created? I suppose the Space is created of Energy also… (Space = Energy) So the matter and space both are created from the same energy.. Can that be possible? Energy has different forms (sun rays – nuclear interactions – oil- food ..etc) Different forms for same content, i.e. it's possible to create matter & space of energy Another Example In double slit experiment (Young Experiment) – the light coherence produced bright and dark fringes –regardless the experiment explanation – the experiment tells "when one input is used (light)–outputs can be in 2 different forms (bright and dark fringes)" The Solar Group Creation I suppose the solar group is one energy creates the planet matter and orbital distance – so this same energy passes through the whole group to create all solar planets and their orbital distances from the same energy where this energy creates all planets data complementary to each other because all of them are created from the same source. Shortly The solar group is one thread – as one necklace – all solar planets and their distances are created from one energy to be complementary to each other- and that's why the planets data analysis shows the solar planets dependency.
Category: Astrophysics

[34] viXra:1908.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 23:24:53

Cryo-Electron Microscopy(cryo-Em) Image Processing & Informatics Framework in the Context of [ Python/pixelcnn++/tensorflow(tf)/imagenet/imaging Mathematics ] Towards hi-End Electron Microscopy Imaging Software R&D – a Simple Introduction & Suggestion.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Cryo-Electron Microscopy(cryo-EM) Image Processing & Informatics Framework in the Context of [ Python/PixelCNN++/TensorFlow(TF)/ImageNet/Imaging Mathematics ] towards Hi-End Electron Microscopy Imaging Software R&D – A Simple Introduction & Suggestion.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[33] viXra:1908.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-03 01:28:49

Chemical Quantum Entanglement

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Purdue University researchers have demonstrated a new way to measure the phenomenon of entanglement in chemical reactions-the ability of quantum particles to maintain a special correlation with each other over a large distance. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[32] viXra:1908.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-03 01:43:34

Ramanujan Approximations to π, Invariant Class and Other Expressions: Further Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Particle Physics, String Theory and Physics of Black Holes (Entropy)

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 172 Pages.

In this research paper, we have obtained further mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle Physics, String Theory and Physics of Black Holes (entropy) and the Ramanujan approximation to π, invariant class and other expressions extracted from some pages of original manuscript
Category: Mathematical Physics

[31] viXra:1908.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-03 01:46:09

Ice in the Quantum Realm

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

When you pop a tray of water into the freezer, you get ice cubes. Now, researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder and the University of Toronto have achieved a similar transition using clouds of ultracold atoms. [40] Purdue University researchers have demonstrated a new way to measure the phenomenon of entanglement in chemical reactions-the ability of quantum particles to maintain a special correlation with each other over a large distance. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30] viXra:1908.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-03 02:12:09

Microfluidic Diamond Quantum Sensor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

Quantum sensors based on nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond are a promising detection mode for nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy due to their micron-scale detection volume and noninductive-based sample detection requirements. [41] When you pop a tray of water into the freezer, you get ice cubes. Now, researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder and the University of Toronto have achieved a similar transition using clouds of ultracold atoms. [40] Purdue University researchers have demonstrated a new way to measure the phenomenon of entanglement in chemical reactions-the ability of quantum particles to maintain a special correlation with each other over a large distance. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32]
Category: Quantum Physics

[29] viXra:1908.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-03 03:14:12

2-D Materials of Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

Scientists from Russia and Japan found a way of stabilizing two-dimensional copper oxide (CuO) materials by using graphene. [43] In a cooperative project, theorists from the the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching anf the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) have now developed a new toolbox for quantum simulators and published it in Science Advances. [42] An international team headed up by Alexander Holleitner and Jonathan Finley, physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), has succeeded in placing light sources in atomically thin material layers with an accuracy of just a few nanometers. [41] The physicists, Brian Skinner at MIT, Jonathan Ruhman at MIT and Bar-Ilan University, and Adam Nahum at Oxford University, have published their paper on the phase transition for entanglement in a recent issue of Physical Review X. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28] viXra:1908.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-03 03:33:32

Pixels Powered

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Ereditato even dreams of replacing the design of one of the four massive DUNE far detector modules with a pixelated version. [19] Nuclear physicists successfully measured the weak charge of the proton by shooting electrons at a cold liquid hydrogen target in an experiment carried out at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. [18] The IceCube Neutrino Observatory in Antarctica is about to get a significant upgrade. [17]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27] viXra:1908.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-03 04:17:00

Antioxidative Potential of Biofield Energy Treated DMEM in Pulmonary Disease Using Lung Adenocarcinoma Cell Line (A549)

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 6 Pages.

The present in vitro investigation was aimed to explore the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated DMEM medium for oxidative potential using oxidative biomarkers viz. Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) enzyme activity and protection against oxidative stress measured in A549 cells. The test item, DMEM was divided into two parts. First part of the test item received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group, while the second part did not receive any sort of Treatment and defined as the Untreated DMEM (control) group. The cell viability of the test sample using MTT assay showed an increase cell viability by 136.4% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group, suggesting a safe and nontoxic nature of the test items. Protection against oxidative stress was significantly increased by 23.80% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group compared with the untreated DMEM group. Besides, SOD enzyme activity was significantly increased by 40.40% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group compared with the untreated DMEM group. Thus, the overall data suggest that the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment showed a significant improvement of SOD enzyme level along with an improved protection against oxidative damage, which can be used in various human lungs disorders such as asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), lung malignancies and parenchymal lung diseases like idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and lung granulomatous diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[26] viXra:1908.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-03 05:21:23

Spectroscopic and Calorimetric Evaluation of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Lead

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Lead metal is used by humans since form prehistoric period for cosmetics, contraceptive, ornaments, glazes, glasses, enamels, writing material, currency, construction, lead-acid battery, etc. The study objective involves the spectroscopic and calorimetric evaluation of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treated lead powder sample using PXRD, PSA, and DSC analysis. The lead powder sample was divided into control and treated parts. The control sample did not expose to the Biofield Energy Treatment; however, the treated part of the lead sample received the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi. The particle size values of the Dahryn’s Biofield Energy Treated lead powder sample were significantly increased by 3.05%(d10), 9.5%(d50), 13.34%(d90), and 11.11%{D(4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area was significantly decreased by 6.25% compared with the control sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes of the treated lead powder sample were significantly altered ranging from -16.09% to 104.65% and -36.56% to 15.79%, respectively; whereas the average crystallite size was increased by 4.62% compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion was significantly increased by 6.92% in the treated lead powder sample compared with the control sample. The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might be responsible for the generation of a new polymorphic form of lead which may show better powder flowability and thermally more stable compared with the untreated sample. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Treated lead powder would be very helpful to reduce the lead poisoning of the people long-term exposer with the industries manufacturing pipe, paint, food, mining, plastic, glass, chemical, and alloys. Moreover, the improved thermal stability of the treated lead powder would be useful for the metal industry.
Category: Biochemistry

[25] viXra:1908.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-03 05:31:21

Early Conclusion of Rubidium Autoradiograph

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

original planned duration of experiment was 6 months
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[24] viXra:1908.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 06:58:45

The Terminology of Physical Science in 21. Century

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 9 Pages.

Nobel laureates in physics are mostly physicists, who mainly create and defend physics. For nearly 100 years ago have been Nobel Prize winners said: "- The theory of relativity is a mathematical and not a physical theory.“ Einstein and mathematicians brought chaos into physics. They has many non-physical bad concepts: The definition of "local time" using the "Lorentz transformation formulas" (space-time).
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[23] viXra:1908.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 07:33:47

Gamma-Ray Bursts from Space Decoded

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

The current detection suggests that many other such events will be detected in the future and will continue to shed light on this cosmic mystery. [29] In this week's Chaos, Tamás Kovács delivers an alternative method for stability analysis of exoplanetary bodies using only the observed time series data to deduce dynamical measurements and quantify the unpredictability of exoplanet systems. [28] Now experiments led by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) in the Princeton Center for Heliophysics have for the first time reproduced the process behind the source of such shocks. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1908.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 07:58:00

DNA Origami Innovation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

Researchers have developed a faster, cheaper and simpler alternative to typical DNA origami fabrication, increasing the technique's accessibility and potential impact in industry and clinical settings. [41] Two physicists working out of the University of Florida and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Paul Johns and Juan Nino, conducted research to enhance global nuclear security by improving radiation detectors. [40] Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites are especially successful, and they have been used in optoelectronic devices including solar cells, photodetectors, light-emitting diodes and lasers. [39] A new microscope breaks a long-standing speed limit, recording footage of brain activity 15 times faster than scientists once believed possible. [38] Engineers at Duke University have developed a method for extracting a color image from a single exposure of light scattered through a mostly opaque material. [37] Physicists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, have devised a method to turn a non-magnetic metal into a magnet using laser light. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32]
Category: Condensed Matter

[21] viXra:1908.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 08:10:10

"The Information as Absolute" Conception Some Comments to Some Remarks

Authors: Sergey V. Shevchenko
Comments: 17 Pages.

Abstract: in these notes some answers of Sergey Shevchenko on some remarks to the Shevchenko-Tokarevsky's "The Information as Absolute" conception at a discussion in the ResearchGate net are given
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[20] viXra:1908.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 09:42:11

Flight by Light Mission

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Mission accomplished: the Planetary Society announced Wednesday that its LightSail 2 spacecraft, which was launched last month, had successfully raised its orbit using only the power of photons from the Sun. [30] The current detection suggests that many other such events will be detected in the future and will continue to shed light on this cosmic mystery. [29] In this week's Chaos, Tamás Kovács delivers an alternative method for stability analysis of exoplanetary bodies using only the observed time series data to deduce dynamical measurements and quantify the unpredictability of exoplanet systems. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1908.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 10:58:49

A Note on Circle Chains Associated with the Incircle of a Triangle

Authors: Hiroshi Okumura
Comments: 2 Pages.

We generalize a problem in Wasan geometry involving the incircle of a triangle.
Category: Geometry

[18] viXra:1908.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 13:04:24

Phase Transition in Quantum Entanglement

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

The physicists, Brian Skinner at MIT, Jonathan Ruhman at MIT and Bar-Ilan University, and Adam Nahum at Oxford University, have published their paper on the phase transition for entanglement in a recent issue of Physical Review X. [40] A team of physicists from the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW) introduces a novel technique to detect entanglement even in large-scale quantum systems with unprecedented efficiency. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[17] viXra:1908.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 13:15:35

Definition

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

±∞ is constant at any observation point (position).
Category: General Mathematics

[16] viXra:1908.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 13:40:12

Quantum Light for Optical Circuits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

An international team headed up by Alexander Holleitner and Jonathan Finley, physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), has succeeded in placing light sources in atomically thin material layers with an accuracy of just a few nanometers. [41] The physicists, Brian Skinner at MIT, Jonathan Ruhman at MIT and Bar-Ilan University, and Adam Nahum at Oxford University, have published their paper on the phase transition for entanglement in a recent issue of Physical Review X. [40] A team of physicists from the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW) introduces a novel technique to detect entanglement even in large-scale quantum systems with unprecedented efficiency. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32]
Category: Quantum Physics

[15] viXra:1908.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 17:56:58

Solar System Geometry (Summarized Discussion)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 26 Pages.

The Solar Group Geometrical Basic Features: 1-The Solar Group is One Trajectory of Energy and Each Planet is A point on it 2-The sun light is produced by accumulation of planets motions energies and transformation the mechanical waves into light waves 3-Solar Planets Data are created relative to each other 4-There Are relativistic effects in the solar group 5-The unit definition is relative and can change according to the observer situation This paper discusses and tries to prove the previous features
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1908.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 22:59:14

Why Finite Mathematics Is More Fundamental Than Classical One

Authors: Felix M Lev
Comments: 9 Pages.

In our previous publications we have proved that quantum theory based on finite mathematics is more fundamental than standard quantum theory, and, as a consequence, finite mathematics is more fundamental than classical one. The goal of the present paper is to explain without formulas why those conclusions are natural.
Category: General Mathematics

[13] viXra:1908.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 01:12:23

Grandma's Dumplings

Authors: Dolomite Magnus
Comments: 3 Pages. 5/5 would recommend

Grandma's Dumplings is a restaurant in Melbourne, Australia.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[12] viXra:1908.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 01:17:29

[ Understanding + Investigation ] of ZF Theory Using Higher Order Logic(hol) Theorem Prover in Scala & Moving Forward with ‘Formalization’ of Ruby Language Based Interaction of ZF Theory in the Context of Interfacing [ Bosch-XDK Iot Device/qrng]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

[ Understanding + Investigation ] of ZF Theory Using Higher Order Logic(HOL) Theorem Prover in Scala & Moving Forward with ‘Formalization’ of Ruby Language based interaction of ZF Theory in the context of Interfacing [ Bosch-XDK IoT Device/QRNG/Quantum Device/HPC Environment/s ] towards Advanced Intelligent Telecom Systems R&D – A Simple R&D Informatics Framework Implementation based on [ HOL/Scala/Ruby/Deep Learning ] Concepts.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[11] viXra:1908.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 02:43:00

Influence of the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment on the Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Metronidazole

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Metronidazole is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of vaginosis, trichomoniasis, giardiasis, etc., which are caused by the bacteria and parasites. The research work aimed to estimate the impact of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of metronidazoleusing modern analytical techniques. The test sample metronidazole was divided into control and treated sample. The control sample did not receive Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas the treated sample received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi. The particle size values were significantly increased by 14.37% (d10), 9.94% (d50), 7.9% (d90), and 9.41% [D(4,3)]; hence, the specific surface area was significantly decreased by 10.58% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The PXRD peak intensities and crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -97.25% to 401.64% and -63.08% to 344.35%, respectively, however, average crystallite size was significantly increased by 24.4% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The latent heat of fusion and latent heat of decomposition were significantly increased by 7.64% and 12.13%, respectively in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The total weight loss was decreased by 1.34%; however, the residue amount was significantly increased by 76.46% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The Biofield Energy Treatment might generate a new polymorphic form of metronidazole which would offer better powder flow ability and more thermos table compared with the control sample. The treated metronidazole would be very useful in designing better pharmaceutical formulations that might offer better therapeutic responses against the bacterial infections in the vagina, stomach, liver, skin, joints, brain, and respiratory tract, aspiration pneumonia, fungating wounds, rosacea, abdominal infections, periodontitis, amoebiasis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[10] viXra:1908.0010 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-14 09:35:38

Proposal for a New Light Speed Anisotropy Experiment Based on Time of Flight Method by Continuous Exchange of a Short Light Pulse Between Two Light Transponders

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 17 Pages.

A new light speed anisotropy experiment is proposed that is based on time of flight technique. Two light transceivers (transponders) A and B are fixed to each end of a rigid rod. A short light pulse initially emitted by transponder A is detected by transponder B, upon which B is triggered to emit a light pulse, which in turn is detected by A, upon which A is triggered to emit another light pulse which will be detected by B, and so on. A short light pulse is continuously exchanged between two light transponders. An electronic counter counts the pulses emitted. Changing the orientation of the rod with respect to Earth's absolute velocity direction will cause a variation of the number of pulses counted in a given period of time ( i.e. the frequency ). The unique feature of this experiment is that Earth's absolute velocity can be determined, theoretically, with any desired accuracy. The new 'transponder' technique may reveal many of the mysteries of the speed of light, including light speed anisotropy and the dependence of group velocity of light on mirror velocity, which would not be possible or difficult otherwise. Conventional methods involve a single pulse with spatially separated emitter and detector and clock synchronization. The new technique involves a free running, continuous exchange of a short light pulse, with the frequency determined by the round trip time of the light pulse itself. Change in the (group) velocity of light is detected as change in the frequency of the light pulses.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[9] viXra:1908.0009 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-06 03:02:00

Can We Replicate Stellar Nucleosynthesis?

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 7 Pages. Final version. Comments welcome.

It is argued that the genuine stellar nucleosynthesis cannot be replicated with the artificial conditions in stellarator-type fusion (Wendelstein 7-X in Germany) or tokamak fusion (ITER in France). We need quantum gravity to understand how quantum tunneling works in the presence of gravity, and model quantum tunneling in plasma under strong gravity. As of today, the task of generating energy by fusing atoms together is not scientifically feasible. Wendelstein 7-X and ITER will not work. They may only look "exciting", like Titanic.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[8] viXra:1908.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 06:18:52

Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Hydroxypropyl β-Cyclodextrin

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 8 Pages.

Hydroxypropyl β-Cyclodextrin (HP β-CD) is having a lot of applications in the food, pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, chemical industries, also in the field of environmental and agriculture engineering. This study evaluated the influence of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of HP β-CD using modern analytical techniques. The test sample was divided into control and treated parts. The control part did not receive the Biofield Energy Treatment; whereas, the treated part was received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a famous Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak. The particle size values were decreased by 2.16%( d10), 0.65%(d50), 1.22%(d90), and 1%{D(4,3)}; thus, the specific surface area was increased by 1.27% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion of the treated sample was significantly increased by 41.32% compared with the control sample. The total weight loss was decreased; however, the residue amount was significantly increased by 15.53% of the treated sample compared to the control sample. The results indicated that the Biofield Energy Treatment produced a new form of HP β-CD, which may show better solubility, dissolution rate, absorption, bioavailability, and more thermal stability compared to the control sample. The treated sample would be more useful for the improvement of solubility of the lipophilic drugs, preparation of cholesterol free food products, weight loss supplements, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[7] viXra:1908.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 06:19:23

An Investigation of the Consciousness Energy Healing Therapy on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Silver Sulfadiazine

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Silver sulfadiazine is a topical sulfa drug antibiotic that is used by burn patients to prevent the bacterial infection. This study was aimed to analyze the impact of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of silver sulfadiazine with the help of various analytical techniques. The silver sulfadiazine sample was divided into the control and treated parts; where, no Biofield Treatment was provided to the control part, while the treated part received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi. The PXRD peak intensities and the crystallite sizes were significantly altered ranging from -75.25% to 31.21% and -8.80% to 192.76% respectively, along with 64.06% increase in the average crystallite size of the treated sample than the control sample. The particle sizes were decreased by 1.60% (d10), 2.30% (d50), 2.06% (d90), and 4.40% [D (4,3)]; therefore, the surface area was increased by 2.61% in the treated sample in contrast to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion and decomposition of the treated sample were significantly altered by -21.52% and 32.03%, respectively, compared to the control sample. Additionally, the total weight loss was reduced by 1.86%; however, the residue amount was increased by 2.88% in the treated sample compared with the control sample. Hence, the Biofield Treatment might be considered as a novel approach to generate a new polymorph of silver sulfadiazine that is more soluble, bioavailable, and thermally stable, which could be useful in designing a novel pharmaceutical formulation for better therapeutic response against various type of bacterial disease.
Category: Biochemistry

[6] viXra:1908.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-02 06:29:28

Machine Learning Metal Compounds

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

"Machine learning will be super-useful in figuring out the important design parameters for a transition metal complex that will make each step in that process energetically favorable." [26] A research team at The University of Tokyo has developed a powerful machine learning algorithm that predicts the properties and structures of unknown samples from an electron spectrum. [25] Researchers have mathematically proven that a powerful classical machine learning algorithm should work on quantum computers. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have used deep learning to decipher which ribonucleic acids have the potential to encode proteins. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[5] viXra:1908.0005 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-12 15:55:54

Error in Modern Astronomy

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 7 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications

The conservation of the interference pattern from double slit interference proves that the wavelength is conserved in all inertial reference frames. However, there is a popular belief in modern astronomy that the wavelength can be changed by the choice of reference frame. This erroneous belief results in the problematic prediction of the radial speed of galaxy. The reflection symmetry shows that the elapsed time is conserved in all inertial reference frames. From both conservation properties, the velocity of the light is proved to be different in a different reference frame. This different velocity was confirmed by lunar laser ranging test at NASA in 2009. The relative motion between the light source and the light detector bears great similarity to the magnetic force on a moving charge. The motion changes the interference pattern but not the wavelength in the rest frame of the star. This is known as the blueshift or the redshift in astronomy. The speed of light in the rest frame of the grism determines how the spectrum is shifted. Wide Field Camera 3 in Hubble Space Telescope provides an excellent example on how the speed of light can change the spectrum.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[4] viXra:1908.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 03:51:30

The Connections for Exterior Forms

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

Here is defined a generalization of connections with help of exterior forms.
Category: Geometry

[3] viXra:1908.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 04:46:05

Ex-vivo Hair Growth Promotion Efficacy of Biofield Energy Treated Williams Medium E using Vibrissae Hair Follicle Organ Culture

Authors: Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 7 Pages.

Hair follicle growth and maturation are potentially useful for the treatment of skin injuries and diseases. For this consequence, the present study has investigated the potential of the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treated test item (William’s Medium E) on the vibrissae hair follicle organ culture cells for the assessment of hair cell growth and development in vitro. The test item was divided into two parts. One part was denoted as the untreated test item without any Biofield Energy Treatment, while the other part was defined as the Biofield Energy Treated test item, which received the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment by renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi. The study parameters like bulb thickness and formation of telogen were assessed using cell-based assay with the help of UTHSCSA Image tool version 3. The experimental results showed that the untreated test item group showed 20% and 26.67% increased bulb thickness on day 5 and 7, respectively compared to the day 1. Besides, the percent of telogen follicle in the Biofield Energy Treated test item group exhibited 57%, 86%, and 100% on day 3, 5, and 7, respectively compared to day 1. The overall results demonstrated that the Biofield Energy Treatment has the potential for hair growth promotion as evident via increased the formation of telogen. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment might be useful as a hair growth promoter for various treatment of skin injuries and skin-related disorders like necrotizing fasciitis, actinic keratosis, sebaceous cysts, diaper rash, decubitus ulcer, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[2] viXra:1908.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 06:13:44

Effect of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on DMEM for the Proliferation and Differentiation of Human Bone Osteosarcoma Cells to Improve Bone Health

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

The bone health is an important part of healthy-life and longevity in current situation due to huge toxins and contaminants in the environment and food chain. Considering the importance of bone health in the modern era, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of the Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment on Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) in which the human bone osteosarcoma cells - MG-63 (ATCC® CRL-1427™) was grown for the assessment of bone cell proliferation and differentiation in vitro. The study parameters were assessed using cell viability by MTT assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and collagen synthesis on bone health using ELISA-based assay. The cell viability was significantly increased by 24% in the Biofield Energy Treated group supplemented with 10% charcoal-dextran with fetal bovine serum (CD-FBS) (G3) compared to the untreated cells group (G1). The level of ALP was significantly increased by 72% in the G3 group compared to the G1 group. Additionally, the level of collagen synthesis was significantly (p≤0.001) increased by 19% in the G3 group compared to the G1 group. The overall results demonstrated that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM has the potential for bone mineralization and bone cells growth as evident via increased levels of collagen and ALP. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect®) Treatment could be useful as a bone health promoter for various bone-related disorders like low bone density, osteogenesis imperfecta, and osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[1] viXra:1908.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-01 06:14:33

Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment: Impact on the Physicochemical and Thermal Characteristics of Folic Acid

Authors: Gopal Nayak, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 13 Pages.

Folic acid is essential in the body for the production of DNA and also plays various vital functions within the body. This study on folic acid was done to analyze the results of the Trivedi Effect® on its physicochemical and thermal properties with the help of analytical techniques. The method involves dividing the test sample into two parts. The first part was termed as a control sample, and no treatment was given to it; while the second part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Gopal Nayak and termed as the treated sample. The study revealed that the particle sizes reduced by 2.86%(d10), 6.34%(d50), 17.22%(d90), and 11.30%{D(4,3)}, thus increased the surface area by 1.72%, in the treated sample compared with the control sample. The PXRD data showed changes in the peak intensities and crystallite sizes ranging from -36.81% to 113.41% and -15.79% to 318%, respectively, thus increased in the average crystallite size by 22.55% of the treated sample compared with the control sample. The TGA analysis of the treated sample revealed a 3.94% increase in total weight loss that resulted in the remarkable reduction in the residual amount by 14.99%, in comparison to the untreated sample. The latent heat of fusion (ΔHfusion) and latent heat of decomposition (ΔHdegradation) were significantly altered by -10.33% and 10.46%, respectively in the treated sample compared to the untreated sample. The study denoted that the Biofield Energy Treatment is a novel approach that could be used to develop some polymorph of folic acid and that might improve its solubility, dissolution, and bioavailability in comparison to the control sample. Hence, the treated folic acid in the nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations might be useful concerning better drug performance and efficacy.
Category: Biochemistry