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2020 - 2001(8)

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1633] **viXra:2001.0403 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-19 18:48:00*

**Authors:** S. V. Miheev

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

It is shown that the minimum wavelength is approximately equal to the Planck length.
To prove the exact equality, it is necessary to find an analytical solution of a certain integral = 1 /(8*Pi)^2 .
The calculations are based: on a previously obtained dependence of the temperature of zero oscillations on the maximum and minimum wavelengths of standing oscillations in the cavity; on the previously calculated fraction of thermal fluctuations in the critical energy density (1/4); and on the law of Stefan – Boltzmann. It is assumed that thermal and zero-point vibrations are held in the cavity by their own gravitational field, and the wavelength of these oscillations is quantized. The critical frequency is determined above which corrections arise associated with the quantization of the wavelength of oscillations. The corrections are obtained: the Rayleigh – Jeans law, the formula for the distribution of the energy density of zero-point vibrations over frequencies, the Planck formula, and the Stefan – Boltzmann law. It is shown that corrections that reduce the energy density of zero-point vibrations by 120 orders of magnitude are almost impossible to detect in laboratory experiments with thermal radiation.
I apologize for spreading false information that the minimum wavelength is significantly greater than the Planck length. My attempts to find a solution by adjusting the parameters led to errors.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1632] **viXra:2001.0371 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-19 18:15:22*

**Authors:** John Peel

**Comments:** 22 Pages. Hopefully interesting - proofs cuold follow

The assumption is that a length (angle etc) can vary and be constant simultaneously. This is extended to say that the infinite can be reduced to a constant - essentially a decision. This is in the context of the proposed existence of strings and their connection to curves.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1631] **viXra:2001.0354 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-18 14:49:16*

**Authors:** Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay

**Comments:** 98 Pages.

Under the expectation that the laws of physics are revealed by the practice of science in nature, we conjectured that a mathematical formalization of such would carry over this expectation and would be able to produce, in a formal setting, the laws of physics as theorems of the practice. Here, we report a mathematical model formalizing the practice of science in nature. The model, which we name formal science, is constructed within the frameworks of algorithmic information theory and that of theoretic computer science. Formal science is a significant improvement over the informal practice of science as well as a 'clarification tool par excellence' for the foundation of physics and as such it can derive the corpus of physics as a theorem, hence giving it a purely mathematical origin. Formal science reveals that nature and the laws that govern it, far from being arbitrary, are mathematically extremely special; nature is emergent, quite minimally, as the 'substance' that formally verifies the experiments recursively enumerated from the domain of science by the observer. After we present the model, we then begin the long program to derive the corpus of physics using formal science as the sound, free of physical baggage, and observer-centric mathematical foundation of physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1630] **viXra:2001.0229 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-13 05:45:21*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

A model of the Universe as a dynamical homogeneous anisotropic self-gravitating fluid,
consistent with Kantowski-Sachs homogeneous anisotropic cosmology and Black-Hole cosmology, is developed.
Renormalization Group (RG) improved black-hole solutions resulting from Asymptotic Safety in Quantum Gravity are constructed which explicitly $remove$ the singularities at $t = 0$. Two temporal horizons at $ t _- \simeq t_P$ (Planck time) and $ t_+ \simeq t_H$ (Hubble time) are found. For times below the Planck time $ t < t_P$, and above the Hubble time $ t > t_H$, the components of the Kantowski-Sachs metric exhibit a key sign $change$, so the roles of the spatial $z$ and temporal coordinates $ t$ are $exchanged$, and one recovers a $repulsive$ inflationary de Sitter-like core around $ z = 0$, and a Schwarzschild-like metric in the exterior region $ z > R_H = 2 G_o M $. Therefore, in this fashion one has found a dynamical Universe $inside$ a Black Hole whose Schwarzschild radius coincides with the Hubble radius $ r_s = 2 G_o M = R_H$. For these reasons we conclude by arguing that our Universe could be seen as a Gravitating Vacuum State inside a Black-Hole.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1629] **viXra:2001.0188 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-11 06:33:45*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 39 Pages.

A Power-Point Lecuture on the original Paper "Solving the Problem of Time" (http://vixra.org/abs/1902.0164) is given to show the context of the Solution of Time in Quantum-Gravity and the Framework for ToE.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1628] **viXra:2001.0134 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-08 11:54:06*

**Authors:** Andrey N. Smirnov

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The theory of emergent space-time-matter (ESTM theory) predicts the loss of information during transitions between inertial reference systems. This article discusses the relationship between loss of information during the transition between inertial reference systems and Lorentz transformations. It is shown that in the limiting case, when the speed changes are small enough and the information loss is also small, the Lorentz transforms are derived directly from the rotation in 4-dimensional space without time and dynamics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1627] **viXra:2001.0085 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-05 20:14:33*

**Authors:** Vladimir Pastushenko

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Quantum gravitation follows from properties of dynamical space, as matters. Such quantum гравитмассовые fields, look like quasipotential quantum fields. They contain mass fields of a source of gravitation and inductive mass fields of physical vacuum, with their rotation round a gravitation source.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1626] **viXra:2001.0008 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-01 13:58:06*

**Authors:** Muhammad Ali Syaifudin

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Every year, in some place, someone always tries to impress others by formulating a heavy mathematics kind of equation that ended up to be very simple. Despite the scare looking math, it actually just a plain algebraic manipulation which is on the same level as kindergarten mathematics with little physics if any. Here I present a better approach to explain the fundamental mystery of nature which is unsolved for millennia, even by type 3 alien civilization in a far far away galaxy in a long long time ago. This approach is incorporating the basic idea of Hilbert general relativity, Schrodinger wave equation, and a well known irrefutable Fundamental Theorem of Engineering that had saved billion even trillion people around the globe. The result is straightforwardly accurate and precise for any coordinate invariant observer.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1625] **viXra:1912.0424 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-23 05:25:40*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

John 1:1 : In the beginning was the word [π] , and the word was with YHWH (God the Father) and the word was YHWH [God the Father = π]
Genesis 1:1 : In the beginning YHWH created the heaven and the earth [π = second/meter ; 1/c [second/metre] ]
Genesis 1:26 : Then he created man of his own likeness and image (God the Son) [(π) → (π,π)]
Gave unto man wisdom (s/m=π),knowledge (s/m =1) and overstanding ( π=1)

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1624] **viXra:1912.0358 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-19 04:30:49*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Robert R. Caldwell, Marc Kamionkowski, and Nevin N. Weinberg, wrote a paper Phantom Energy and Cosmic Doomsday (1). They wrote an equation for the expiration date of the universe and used an example where the expiration date of the universe is 22 billion years.
In spinning sphere theory, matter is created by imperfections forming in the universe. The imperfections are absence defects similar to Shottky defects in material science.(2) It is proposed that repulsive gravity pushes on these defects out to the edge of the universe. During that time of travel to the edge of the universe, stars, galaxies, and galaxy clusters are formed and age. Over 22 billion years, the edge of the universe is reached and all matter goes into non-existence. New matter is continually formed on the interior of the universe. Old matter is destroyed at the edge of the universe. The following paper shows the equation for calculating the amount of time it takes for matter to be pushed out of the universe by repulsive gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1623] **viXra:1912.0344 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-18 16:36:30*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Isaac Newton did not invent the gravity constant G, nor did he use it, and nor did he have any use for it. Newton's formula was F=Mm/r^2 and not F=GMm/r^2. Newton's formula can easily be unified with quantum mechanics, while the ugly modification of modern physics can only be unified with quantum mechanics by adding similar ugliness to the rest of physics. Modern physics in reality uses two different mass definitions, one for gravity and another for the rest of physics. This, we will prove, has made it impossible to unify quantum mechanics with gravity. It is first when one understands the cause of the problem that one easily can fix it. It can be fixed either by going back to the key insight given by Newton, which leads to a beautiful simple unified theory, in conception and in notation. Alternatively, one can arrive at the same theory, but with very ugly notation that hides the beauty at the depth of reality.
We will show a beautiful way to unify gravity and quantum mechanics and also an ugly way. Both are the same way, but only one way, the Newton way gives the deep insight on matter, energy, time, space, and gravity and even quantum mechanics. Modern physics ignored Newton's insight on matter and altered the mass definition, and therefore had to modify Newton's gravity formula, such that a unified theory seemed to become impossible. Newton himself would probably not have approved of the gravity constant; it is a flaw on the foundation of his theory and his gravity formula. Still, when one understands what the gravity constant really represents, one can also unify standard physics, by adding the ugly gravity constant in other places as needed.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1622] **viXra:1912.0342 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-18 00:59:43*

**Authors:** Vladimir Pastushenko

**Comments:** 10 Pages. http://pva1.mya5.ru

Here, in axioms of dynamic space-matter, the single theory of all math and physical theories is introduced, with a possibility of researches of energy levels of a singularity. These are initial elements quantum gravity. Mass field. They follow from the equation of the General Theory of the Relativity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1621] **viXra:1912.0332 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-18 07:34:38*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

Within the first article „Solution to the Problem of Time“ [3] the author explored the origin of time and suggested the Unified Principles of Nature that must be applied in order to unify Quantum Gravity and General Relativity without contradiction. To emphasis the urging conclusion out of the Solution to the „Problem of Time“ the author summarize in this paper the claim to reintroduce rational thought and argument in science in order to solve pressing problems in human society. Science must consider the Scientific God to unite Quantum Theory and General Relativity into a theory that can describe and predict reality.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1620] **viXra:1912.0275 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-13 22:41:27*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

It is becoming clear, that experimental physics will not be enough to develop the model for the construction of the Universe. Statistical Probability will be necessary for developing the model and proving the model. The equations in this paper predict a value for the Planck Constant, from other fundamental constant for each Codata year since 1969. The data below shows a calculating equation that predicts a Planck constant within 0.2 sigma of the actual Codata value for the Planck constant over six publications of Codata in a row, since 1986. The data below shows a calculating equation that predicts a Planck constant consistently nearly equal to the actual Codata value for the Planck constant over all eight publications of Codata in a row, since 1973. To randomly generate an equation to do this, when the data has become more accurate by a factor of 700 times over this time period, is highly unlikely, perhaps as unlikely as one out of a 100000. In addition, Equation 2, below, predicted a more accurate Planck constant, than the Codata value of the respective Codata publication. This again is unlikely, but not unheard of. The sum of these data show that the mechanism for determining the Planck constant, may be mirroring the calculations, and may be measuring the same phenomena. Data for 2018 CODATA are included. The value calculated using spinning sphere theory, of 6.6260701507*10^-34 continues to be compatible with the CODATA value of 6.62607015*10^-34.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1619] **viXra:1912.0253 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-13 03:11:53*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

A brief introduction of the history of Born's Reciprocal Relativity Theory, Hopf algebraic deformations of the Poincare algebra, de Sitter algebra, and noncommutative spacetimes paves the road for the exploration of gravity in $curved$ phase spaces within the context of the Finsler geometry of the cotangent bundle $T^* M$ of spacetime. A scalar-gravity model is duly studied, and exact nontrivial analytical solutions
for the metric and nonlinear connection are found that
obey the generalized gravitational field equations, in addition to satisfying the $zero$ torsion conditions
for $all$ of the torsion components. The $curved$ base spacetime manifold and internal momentum space both turn out to be (Anti) de Sitter type.
A $regularization$ of the $8$-dim phase space action leads naturally to an extremely small effective cosmological constant $ \Lambda_{eff}$, and which in turn, furnishes an extremely small value for the underlying four-dim spacetime cosmological constant $ \Lambda$, as a direct result of a $correlation$ between $ \Lambda_{eff} $ and $ \Lambda$ resulting from the field equations. The rich structure of Finsler geometry deserves to be explore further since it can shine some light into Quantum Gravity, and lead to interesting cosmological phenomenology.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1618] **viXra:1912.0235 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-12 13:19:54*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 33 Pages.

Physicists have successfully developed a new instrument that significantly reduces quantum-level noise that has thus far limited experiments' ability to spot gravitational waves. [20] A group of researchers from Osaka University led by Prof. Masayuki Abe and Prof. Hiroshi Toki of the Graduate School of Engineering Science developed a high precision 3-D circuit simulator in the time-domain for quantifying electromagnetic (EM) noise and elucidated its origin, allowing for electronic and electrical circuit layout to reduce EM noise. [19] This method, called atomic spin squeezing, works by redistributing the uncertainty unevenly between two components of spin in these measurements systems, which operate at the quantum scale. [18] Researchers from the University of Cambridge have taken a peek into the secretive domain of quantum mechanics. [17] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11] Some three-dimensional materials can exhibit exotic properties that only exist in "lower" dimensions. For example, in one-dimensional chains of atoms that emerge within a bulk sample, electrons can separate into three distinct entities, each carrying information about just one aspect of the electron's identity-spin, charge, or orbit. The spinon, the entity that carries information about electron spin, has been known to control magnetism in certain insulating materials whose electron spins can point in any direction and easily flip direction. Now, a new study just published in Science reveals that spinons are also present in a metallic material in which the orbital movement of electrons around the atomic nucleus is the driving force behind the material's strong magnetism. [10] Currently studying entanglement in condensed matter systems is of great interest. This interest stems from the fact that some behaviors of such systems can only be explained with the aid of entanglement. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1617] **viXra:1912.0184 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-10 10:18:15*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

Quantum squeezing has been used to increase the sensitivity of the LIGO and Virgo interferometers, making them better at detecting gravitational waves. [19]
A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18]
A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17]
The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1616] **viXra:1912.0142 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-08 09:30:43*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 42 Pages.

Gravitational-wave Observatory, or LIGO, was picking up whispers of gravitational waves every month or so. Now, a new addition to the system is enabling the instruments to detect these ripples in space-time nearly every week. Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1615] **viXra:1912.0012 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-12-01 12:35:41*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Cosmological Redshift has typically been calculated an effect of expansion of the universe. Currently there is debate about why the Hubble constant is different depending on the method being used to calculate the Hubble constant. This paper proposes that there are at least three different contributing factors to the cosmological redshift. These are radial redshift for the acceleration of matter in the universe, transverse redshift for the spinning of the universe, and gravitational blue shift for gravitational affects on cosmological light. There are also local affects. Perhaps our area of the universe has a gravitationally bound cosmic structure, and we observe other gravitational bound. There may also be other contributions to the gravitational redshift of the universe. There may be some difficulty in calculating cosmological redshift, because we really don’t know where in the universe we really are.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1614] **viXra:1911.0528 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-30 20:13:21*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Our universe appears to be 13.8 billion years old, or at least have an age. But the author sees evidence that the universe is infinitely old, but continually has new matter created and old matter destroyed. How could such a mechanism exist? A universe that appears to continually expand could be part of this mechanism. This paper proposes that there is a mechanism that causes this appearance of expansion and it all takes place in a spinning sphere universe that is infinitely old, but it always rejuvenates. This continuous creation of matter has been proposed before [4]. The difference in this paper is that the universe never changes size, and matter is always continuously destroyed as well.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1613] **viXra:1911.0526 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-30 09:52:47*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Our universe appears to be expanding away from every point in the universe. The measurements of this phenomena is seen in the red-shifting of light. No mechanism for this expansion has been proven. This paper proposes that there is a mechanism that causes this expansion and it all takes place in a spinning sphere universe that is infinitely old, but it always rejuvenates.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1612] **viXra:1911.0433 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-25 10:58:06*

**Authors:** Noah MacKay

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

Gravitational wave detection raised the question regarding the existence of the graviton: the quanta of the gravitational interaction. In approaching a gravitational wave-particle duality, the Klein-Gordon Equation from Einstein’s linearized ﬁeld equations was used to derive a quantum wave function of the graviton. It is assumed that gravitons do not transition into higher dimensions while emitted as gravitational waves, do not aﬀect unbent spacetime, and have a non-zero mass of value m_g = 1.37E−58 kg [Abbott et al].

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1611] **viXra:1911.0356 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-21 03:48:49*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Of course, the most important premise for the existence of baryon core is the impossibility of compressing the nuclear plasma to a mathematical point, which is permissible due to asymptotic freedom. Here we show that baryon-core dynamics and Stefan-Boltzmann law assign characteristic masses inside the core to the masses of known particles. Core of baryons leads indirectly to properties of dark matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1610] **viXra:1911.0352 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-21 08:32:52*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

This is partially a review article. On the basis of the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we explain the difference between the N and S magnetic monopoles, between the opposite electric charges, and between the different weak charges of neutrinos. Such differences follow from behaviour of the components the tori/charges consist of.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1609] **viXra:1911.0264 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-15 01:19:00*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 46 Pages.

Atoms held in place by laser beams offer a new and more compact means of measuring the local acceleration due to gravity, paving the way for applications ranging from geophysical exploration to sensitive tests of fundamental forces. [34] In a study published online in Nature Methods, Prof. Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1608] **viXra:1911.0217 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-12 01:18:49*

**Authors:** Balungi Francis

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In this study we show that the gravitational force between any two electrons becomes strong when the distance between them is the Planck length and that this happens when the applied electric field used to accelerate one electron towards the other up to the Planck length where gravity becomes
strong has a value of approximately 5.5269 ×10^60��/��. We also deduce the limiting lengths and electric field at which the electromagnetic and Casimir force becomes strong. This study has implications for physics beyond the standard model.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1607] **viXra:1911.0214 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-12 07:02:09*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Presented here an extension of the dynamics of the core of baryons reduces the initial 3 iterative numbers in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) to 2. Now SST starts from 7 parameters and 2 iterative numbers which are derived after formulation of the theory.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1606] **viXra:1911.0209 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-11 14:06:06*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

In 2017, scientists from Osaka University measured unexpected gamma-ray energy spectrum of the lithium reaction with the 246-MeV protons. Here, using the dynamics of the core of baryons described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we showed that the two absorption lines follow from such dynamics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1605] **viXra:1911.0185 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-10 20:56:18*

**Authors:** Jennifer Lorraine Nielsen

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Unification via the Hopf field and the Beltrami flux

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1604] **viXra:1911.0122 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-07 08:06:18*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Here we present how neutrinos acquire their masses and how internal structure of the neutrinos leads to the volumetric quantum confinement described within the Neutrino Quantum Gravity (NQG). Such confinement is responsible for mass of the condensates/scalars that are made of the Einstein-spacetime components (they are the neutrino-antineutrino pairs). Mean distance between such pairs in the two-component spacetime is slightly larger than the range of NQG.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1603] **viXra:1910.0503 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-24 17:01:37*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Starting from the theoretical background developed for obtaining the Quantization of Gravity, in the paper Mathematical Foundations of the Relativistic Theory of Quantum Gravity, I show here that, it is possible to derive a theoretical value of the Cosmological Constant, extremely close to the observed value.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1602] **viXra:1910.0442 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-22 13:44:31*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this short note we describe the correspondence between tangles and associahedra tiles, where R occurs in the case of braid tangles, leading to a natural extension to ribbons. Such tangles were used by Bar-Natan to study Khovanov complexes in nice cobordism categories.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1601] **viXra:1910.0438 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-22 14:46:27*

**Authors:** Andrei Lucian DragoI

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

This paper proposes a simple "Mirrored" Universe (toy-)Model (MUM) based on a relative big G (Newtonian gravitational constant [G]), a variable quantum big G and a finite mass ambitus of our universe (OU), with far reaching implications leading to new paths beyond the Standard model (SM) of particle physics (PP) and Einstein’s General Relativity (EGR). MUM also (empirically) predicts: (1) the total mass of all possible known and unknown life forms (LFs) from our observable universe (ObU); (2) a very strong quantum gravitational field (QGF) acting inside elementary particles (EPs); (3) an average non-zero radii of all known EPs; (4) that a nucleon (proton/neutron) and generally an atomic nucleus can be regarded as a binary logarithmic "map" of OU AND OU can be considered a binary exponential map/expansion of a standard nucleon or atomic nucleus;

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1600] **viXra:1910.0437 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-22 14:48:18*

**Authors:** Andrei Lucian Dragoi

**Comments:** 5 Pages. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.11788.05763

This paper proposes a simple "Mirrored" Universe (toy-)Model (MUM) based on a relative big G (Newtonian gravitational constant [G]), a variable quantum big G and a finite mass ambitus of our universe (OU), with far reaching implications leading to new paths beyond the Standard model (SM) of particle physics (PP) and Einstein’s General Relativity (EGR). MUM also (empirically) predicts (see the original [full] preprint of this paper): (1) the total mass of all possible known and unknown life forms (LFs) from our observable universe (ObU); (2) a very strong quantum gravitational field (QGF) acting inside elementary particles (EPs); (3) an average non-zero radii of all known EPs; (4) that a nucleon (proton/neutron) and generally an atomic nucleus can be regarded as a binary logarithmic "map" of OU AND OU can be considered a binary exponential map/expansion of a standard nucleon or atomic nucleus;

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1599] **viXra:1910.0386 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-20 17:31:37*

**Authors:** Zane Andrea Quintili

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

I will now try to demonstrate empirically how to solve the orbital stationarity of the electron in the 1s orbital completely eliminating the electromagnetic interactions and making use only of gravitational interactions of strong Gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1598] **viXra:1910.0263 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-15 14:44:54*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

The associahedra appear in a line configuration space for the real Clebsch diagonal surface, which we relate to e6 in the magic star, with applications to mass generation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1597] **viXra:1910.0221 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-13 12:43:49*

**Authors:** Eytan Haim Suchard

**Comments:** 42 Pages. Review of https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/845/1/012019

Abstract: In 1982, Dr. Sam Vaknin pondered the idea of reconstructing physics based on time as a field. His idea appeared in his doctorate dissertation as an amendment to the Dirac spinor equation. Sam saw the Quantum Field Theory particles and momentum and energy as a result of the language of physics and of the way the human mind perceives reality and not as reality. To the author’s opinion, it is a revolution of the language itself and is not a new interpretation of the existing language. The Special Theory of Relativity was a revolution and so was the General Theory of Relativity but yet these theories did not challenge the use of momentum and energy but rather gave them new relativistic interpretation. Later on, Quantum Mechanics used Energy and Momentum operators and even Dirac’s orthogonal matrices are multiplied by such operators. Quantum Field Theory assumes the existence of particles which are very intuitive and agree with the human visual system. Particles may be merely a human interpretation of events that occur in the human sensory world. This paper elaborates on one specific interpretation of Sam Vaknin’s idea that the author has developed from 2003 up to August 2018. It is a major improvement of previously published papers and it summarizes all of them and includes all the appendices along with new ideas.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1596] **viXra:1910.0208 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-13 06:28:32*

**Authors:** Theoryofall.org

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Stephen Hawking famously said:
„If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few scientists. Then we shall all, philosophers, scientists, and just ordinary people, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason — for then we would know the mind of God.“
We the people agree to science and have to draw a line:
If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few leaders. Then we shall all, adam and eve, men and women, child and adult, black and white, believer and unbeliever, rich and poor, chinese and american, norwegian and south-african, muslim and christ, western world and islamic state, governments and citizens, nations and companies, heterosexual and homosexual, weak and strong, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we fail to live as a healthy community on earth.
If we continue to search for the mind of a God, our ecosystem, this planet and this entire living universe we live “with” in entanglement and community and
“wholeness” will die.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1595] **viXra:1910.0188 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-12 05:09:14*

**Authors:** P. Davies

**Comments:** 272 Pages. in Russian

Science has always sought to build a holistic picture of the world. In recent decades, physicists have come closer than ever to realizing this dream: the prospects of combining the four fundamental interactions of nature within a single superpower loom, and the physics of the microcosm is increasingly merging with cosmology-the theory of the origin and evolution of the Universe.
About all this in a popular and fascinating form tells the book of the famous English scientist and popularizer of science Paul Davis.
It is addressed to all those who are interested in the problems of modern fundamental science, especially useful to teachers and students of both physical and philosophical faculties of universities.
Until now, the book has not lost its relevance for those interested in the state of modern physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1594] **viXra:1910.0112 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-08 07:39:11*

**Authors:** S. Carlip

**Comments:** 14 Pages. in Russian

Perhaps standard effective field theory arguments are right, and vacuum fluctuations really do generate a huge cosmological constant. I show that if one does not assume homogeneity and an arrow of time at the Planck scale, a very large class of general relativistic initial data exhibit expansions, shears, and curvatures that are enormous at small scales, but quickly average to zero macroscopically. Subsequent evolution is more complex, but I argue that quantum fluctuations may preserve these properties. The resulting picture is a version of Wheeler’s “spacetime foam,” in which the cosmological constant produces high curvature at the Planck scale but is nearly invisible at observable scales.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1593] **viXra:1910.0110 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-08 08:21:11*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Here, applying the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we define quantum entanglement using spin-2 gravitons.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1592] **viXra:1910.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-07 04:38:51*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 4 pages

The Bohr radius is equal to the Planck length multiplied by the 125th power of pi/2. The reduced Compton wavelength of the Higgs boson is equal to the Bohr radius divided by the 25th power of 2, meaning the Higgs boson is of mass 125.1224±0.0014 GeV; the Particle Data Group’s 2019 evaluation is 125.10±0.14 GeV. The total mass/energy (Planck cosmological parameters 2018) of the observable universe is equal to the Planck mass multiplied by the 125th power of pi. In Planck units, the total mass/energy of the observable universe is equal numerically to the Bohr radius multiplied by the 125th power of 2 and also to the reduced Compton wavelength of the Higgs boson multiplied by the 150th power of 2. The spin angular momentum of the mid-Main Sequence sun is equal to the 250th power of 2 in units of h-bar. These and other equalities arise in an analysis of the Quantum/Classical connection. The new results suggest an explanation for the accelerating expansion of space.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1591] **viXra:1910.0035 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-10-05 13:13:17*

**Authors:** Michael Tzoumpas

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

According to the unified theory of dynamic space, the first (Universal) and the second (local) deformation of space is described, which change the geometric structure of the isotropic space. These geometric deformations created the dynamic space, the Universe, and the space holes (bubbles of empty space), the early form of matter. The neutron cortex is structured around these space holes with the electrically opposite elementary units (in short: units) at the light speed, as the third deformation of space (electrical and geometric deformation), resulting in the creation of surface electric charges (quarks), to which the particles spin is due. The constant kinetic
energy of the particle spin is calculated at 100 million Joule. Thus, a single electron is
enough to become the heart of a future energy machine.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1590] **viXra:1909.0656 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-29 16:45:30*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

In taking up from the preliminary papers [1-11], the idea of gravity as a process of the nature of space shall be presented; the idea of space will be defined in a way that is able to support how Newton derived the equation for gravity using astronomical observations consistent with gravity being an “immediate” field force and not one travelling at “c”, while accommodating for Einstein’s “curvature of spacetime” theory for gravity. In using a definition of space that carries the notion of gravity being an immediate field force, a number of key features of quantum mechanics are able to be explained regarding the behaviour of light, this by defining “space” as “nothingness”, and as a type of feature of “uncertainty” that a quantum reference would abide by, as though space has its own “program” as “nothing”, putting everything within it as that which is defined as uncertain, not clearly definable, and thus must exist randomly, like a process of natural uncertainty. It is then highlighted how Einstein’s special and general relativity is incorrect in its application of the idea of measuring inertial frames of reference using the speed of light in his assuming, through such a process, that gravity, and thus inertial frames of reference, operate at light speed, despite relativity theory being accurate with the idea of gravity as a curvature of spacetime. Finally, an update to the method of proof in paper 7 [7], “Golden Ratio Entropic Gravity: Gravitational Singularity Field Testing”, is offered based on this new understanding of space and gravity, with associated confirmatory results posted.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1589] **viXra:1909.0623 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-28 10:31:14*

**Authors:** Richard Blum

**Comments:** 35 Pages. (c) Richard Blum 2019

The Existence Framework offers a new paradigm for constructing a theory of quantum gravity. Its development was based upon an analysis of past major breakthroughs in physics, which revealed that several basic principles were utilized in the formation of each innovated theory. The assumption is that a next major breakthrough will require utilization of these same principles. The principles include: Equivalence, Hierarchical Structure, Quantum Discreteness, and Simple Underlying Dynamics. Utilization of these concepts leads to the proposition that all matter and energy is comprised of time and space, which itself is a discrete substance comprised of a more primary, binary element referred to as existence.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1588] **viXra:1909.0525 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-24 11:41:23*

**Authors:** Kaushal Timilsina

**Comments:** 61 Pages. It's a lot of fun and perhaps very creative to wonder and explore ideas from what each possibility leads to.

In 4 articles on abstract Physics, I explore perspectives on 1) what would become a theory of interacting manifolds, 2) emergence and virtual particles, 3) The loops in spacetime 4) Self-interaction and time, and a discussion on the Riemann hypothesis.
The discussions on abstract Physics do not contain any mathematical basis, and purely explore the sense of wonder in such philosophical perspectives. The discussion on the Riemann hypothesis contains some mathematics which is very non-rigorous. All of these articles are related to a more formal mathematical intuition, but still not very rigorous in this other article: Riemann zeroes and manifolds - http://viXra.org/abs/1909.0500

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1587] **viXra:1909.0518 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-24 15:45:51*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Many basic ideas applied in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) have counterparts in the mythology of the Bambara and Dogon tribes. Here, at each point, I first quote from the AllatRa Book a fragment of mythology and then explain what it means in my theory.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1586] **viXra:1909.0487 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-24 06:03:12*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The 2018 CODATA proton charge radius is 8.414(19)*10^(-19) meters[1] This information may help in deciphering the construction of the universe. The value is not precise enough to make conclusion. This paper proposes a couple precise values. One being 8.40077662 × 10^-16 meters These numbers are from the Compton wavelength of the neutron. The calculations for the proton charge radius, done in this paper, are a continuation of Spinning Sphere Theory started in the paper “Gravity most related to the Proton Mass, Charge most related to the Electron Mass”[2] where the universe is discovered to be spinning spheres made out spinning spheres for many layers which is better described in “Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”[3]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1585] **viXra:1909.0486 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-22 07:25:26*

**Authors:** JianFei Chen

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

As has been found: In a hydrogen atom, if the proton increase 1/12 of the total mass of the electron, then the mass ratio of proton and electron is exactly an integer of 1836; And in a hydrogen molecule, hydrogen molecular bond energy is equal to 1/12 of the kinetic energy of two electrons. Both of two attraction involve the same ratio of 1/12, which should been determined by the same rules of energy. Author has explained the format process of the two attraction with energy and energy waves. The purpose of this paper is to study the four fundamental forces with energy and energy waves. Email: eastear@outlook.com eastear@163.com

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1584] **viXra:1909.0477 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-22 14:24:51*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

According to the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), there is the two-component spacetime composed of the SST Higgs field (which consists of tachyons) and the Einstein spacetime (which consists of the neutrino-antineutrino pairs). The neutrinos are built of the superluminal binary systems of closed strings (we call them the gravitons or entanglons). The closed strings in a graviton have parallel spins and opposite internal helicity. Gravitons are placed in the SST Higgs field so they carry the smallest "piece" of gravitational field. Neutrinos produce gradient in the SST Higgs field - it is the elementary gravitational field defined by the gravitational constant G. Generally, the gradients/gravitational-fields are the classical fields but at distances smaller than 3510.1831 multiplied by the equatorial radius of neutrinos there appear groups of gravitons emitted and absorbed by the core of neutrinos. Here we described phenomena that concern the quantum region of neutrinos. The Neutrino Quantum Gravity (NQG) leads to the volumetric quantum confinement of the neutrino-antineutrino pairs that is the origin of the masses of scalars in physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1583] **viXra:1909.0476 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-22 15:04:09*

**Authors:** Janko Kokosar

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

In a paper in year 2011 the author implicitly predicted the masses of the neutrinos using some old empirical formulae. Now this prediction is explicitly written, mass of one neutrino is calculated as 21.44240(50) meV, respectively 21.36459(49) meV, dependent of the model. (The other masses of the neutrinos are connected with one of these values.) According to the upper bounds of neutrinos masses in 2005, and respectively in 2019, the author calculates that the upper bound of the lightest neutrino mass approached between 3 times to 20 times to the predicted value in 2019 according to 2005. At the same time, cosmologists predict that in the next five years we will have values of the neutrino masses, not only the lower and upper bounds. Thus this prediction can be tested, and maybe p-value for accident will not be large. Besides, the prediction of the gravitational constant with the same formulae is also mentioned.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1582] **viXra:1909.0463 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-21 09:47:33*

**Authors:** Richard L. Marker

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

This paper develops the theoretical ratio of the gravitational force to
electromagnetic force between two electrons. The resulting ratio produces a
gravitational constant with the precision of electromagnetic constants.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1581] **viXra:1909.0428 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-20 21:33:11*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 13 Pages. FIRST DRAFT

In quantum logic, the emergence of spacetime and related symmetries goes hand in hand with the emergence of the real and complex numbers themselves. In this paper, we show how finite fields are surprisingly sufficient for most physical questions, once we throw away classical geometrical models in favour of categorical axioms. In particular, generalised Pauli matrix algebras are closely related to braid and ribbon diagrams, and holographic information for mass localisation gains its intuition from algebras for anyon condensation. We discuss definitions of homology and cohomology associated to braids, recalling the twistor construction of massive solutions in H^2.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1580] **viXra:1909.0417 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-19 09:59:08*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 55 Pages.

This consciousness theory of everything, also called Quantum FFF Theory, (FFF = Function Follows Form) is a semi classical theory based on a symmetrical Big Bang into 8 or 12 Charge Parity (CP) symmetric copy universes.
However such a cyclic multiverse seems to be only possible with special ingredients,
1: a propeller shaped fermion able transform by collision and spin in two pitch directions.
2: A fermion knot based dark matter black hole of enough rigid string content, to become stable against the fierce oscillations of the oscillating vacuum lattice and repelling all spinning Fermions. but not other black hole nuclei or photons.
As a result, The Quantum FFF Theory is a semi classical theory because it describes reality by the real collision and shape transformation processes of real sub quantum rigid stringy multiverse entangled particles.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1579] **viXra:1909.0318 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-15 20:50:16*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 428 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

The EHT picture is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes in universities, in research centers
“There is no Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, around the Event horizon of the Black Hole in Ferent Quantum Gravity, like the red color in the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
“All the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
“We do not see the black Event horizon, like in the EHT picture”
Adrian Ferent
“Einstein supermassive Black Hole picture from EHT is Black and Red; Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White; the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong, we do not see the black Event horizon because of the large luminosity as the result of gas and matter being accreted and we do not see the read light in the EHT picture around the Event horizon because at 3rs the Gravitational redshift does not exist”
Adrian Ferent
“You do not need a telescope to see a Black Hole, you need only an amazing brain to see it and a new Gravitation theory, Ferent Quantum Gravity”
Adrian Ferent
“At this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth”
Adrian Ferent
“There are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A*”
Adrian Ferent
“Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right”
Adrian Ferent
The UCLA picture of a Black Hole is right and the EHT picture is wrong!
https://ucla.in/2NVbhCh
The scientists from UCLA are right!
‘The new findings are based on observations of the black hole — which is called Sagittarius A*, or Sgr A* — during four nights in April and May at the Keck Observatory. The brightness surrounding the black hole always varies somewhat, but the scientists were stunned by the extreme variations in brightness during that timeframe, including their observations on May 13.’
The energy of the Gravitons emitted by the Black Hole is much higher than the energy of the photons.
“All the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
This means:
“There is no Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, around the Event horizon of the Black Hole in Ferent Quantum Gravity, like the red color in the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
That is why the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong.
This is another proof that:
“Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right”
Adrian Ferent
The read light in the EHT picture of the Black Hole is the Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, at 3rs around the Event horizon of the Black Hole.
The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong:
The Schwarzschild radius rs of an object is proportional to the mass.
The Schwarzschild radius rs of the Sgr A* is 12×10^6 km
rs = 2GM / c^2
Between rs and 3rs around the Event horizon in EHT picture is red light, it is the Gravitational redshift.
How I explained:
“All the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
This means:
The read light in the EHT picture of the Black Hole, around the Event horizon is wrong.
That is why:
“The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong and Einstein gravitation theory is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
“The picture of the Black Hole is white not red like the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
“I am the first who explained the Gravitational redshift”
Adrian Ferent
“We do not see the black Event horizon like in the EHT picture”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity the supermassive Black Hole picture is white because around it there are a lot of collisions between stars and planets. The large luminosity is the result of gas and matter being accreted by the supermassive Black Hole.”
Adrian Ferent
How easy was accepted the wrong EHT picture of the Black Hole by universities, research centers, peer-reviewed journals…
“The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes and Dark Matter in universities, research centers”
Adrian Ferent
“Einstein supermassive Black Hole is a Singularity; Ferent supermassive Black Hole has very small volume”
Adrian Ferent
The scientists from UCLA are wrong!
No danger to Earth
‘The black hole is some 26,000 light-years away and poses no danger to our planet. Do said the radiation would have to be 10 billion times as bright as what the astronomers detected to affect life on Earth.’
“Gravitons emitted by Black Holes kill Aliens”
Adrian Ferent
“The energy of the Gravitons inside a Black Hole, is much higher than the energy of gluons”
Adrian Ferent
“At this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth”
Adrian Ferent
“Gravitational Radiation is the most dangerous because it travels the farthest and is the most penetrating”
Adrian Ferent
“I am the first who explained the lack of extraterrestrial civilizations”
Adrian Ferent
“Extraterrestrial civilizations are on planets moving around stars far away from Black Holes”
Adrian Ferent
“There are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A*”
Adrian Ferent
Conclusions
“Einstein supermassive Black Hole picture from EHT is Black and Red; Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White; the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong, we do not see the black Event horizon because of the large luminosity as the result of gas and matter being accreted and we do not see the read light in the EHT picture around the Event horizon because at 3rs the Gravitational redshift does not exist”
Adrian Ferent
“The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes and Dark Matter in universities, research centers”
Adrian Ferent
“At this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth”
Adrian Ferent
“There are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A*”
Adrian Ferent
This is another proof that:
“Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right”
Adrian Ferent
248. I am the first who discovered that there is no Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, around the Event horizon of the Black Hole in Ferent Quantum Gravity, like the red color in the EHT picture of the Black Hole
249. I am the first who discovered that all the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole
250. I am the first who discovered that we do not see the black Event horizon, like in the EHT picture
251. I am the first who discovered that Einstein supermassive Black Hole picture from EHT is Black and Red; Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White
252. I am the first who discovered that Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White; the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong, we do not see the black Event horizon because of the large luminosity as the result of gas and matter being accreted and we do not see the read light in the EHT picture around the Event horizon because at 3rs the Gravitational redshift does not exist
253. I am the first who discovered that the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes and Dark Matter in universities, research centers
254. I am the first who discovered that at this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth
255. I am the first who discovered that there are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A*
256. I am the first who discovered that Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1410] **viXra:2001.0229 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2020-01-13 23:41:57*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

A model of the Universe as a dynamical homogeneous anisotropic self-gravitating fluid, consistent with Kantowski-Sachs homogeneous anisotropic cosmology and Black-Hole cosmology, is developed. Renormalization Group (RG) improved black-hole solutions resulting from Asymptotic Safety in Quantum Gravity are constructed which explicitly $remove$ the singularities at $t = 0$. Two temporal horizons at $ t _- \simeq t_P$ (Planck time) and $ t_+ \simeq t_H$ (Hubble time) are found. For times below the Planck time $ t < t_P$, and above the Hubble time $ t > t_H$, the components of the Kantowski-Sachs metric exhibit a key sign $change$, so the roles of the spatial $z$ and temporal coordinates $ t$ are $exchanged$, and one recovers a $repulsive$ inflationary de Sitter-like core around $ z = 0$, and a Schwarzschild-like metric in the exterior region $ z > R_H = 2 G_o M $. Therefore, in this fashion one has found a dynamical Universe $inside$ a Black Hole whose Schwarzschild radius coincides with the Hubble radius $ r_s = 2 G_o M = R_H$. For these reasons we conclude by arguing that our Universe could be seen as a Gravitating Vacuum State inside a Black-Hole.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1409] **viXra:1912.0358 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-12-21 11:30:41*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Robert R. Caldwell, Marc Kamionkowski, and Nevin N. Weinberg, wrote a paper Phantom Energy and Cosmic Doomsday (1). They wrote an equation for the expiration date of the universe and used an example where the expiration date of the universe is 22 billion years.
In spinning sphere theory, matter is created by imperfections forming in the universe. The imperfections are absence defects similar to Shottky defects in material science.(2) It is proposed that repulsive gravity pushes on these defects out to the edge of the universe. During that time of travel to the edge of the universe, stars, galaxies, and galaxy clusters are formed and age. Over 22 billion years, the edge of the universe is reached and all matter goes into non-existence. New matter is continually formed on the interior of the universe. Old matter is destroyed at the edge of the universe. The following paper shows the equation for calculating the amount of time it takes for matter to be pushed out of the universe by repulsive gravity. In spinning sphere theory, the universe is about 3.018 billion light years in radius. If were to use the Hubble sphere radius of 13.8 billion years, the cosmic doomsday would be about 97.5 billion light years.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1408] **viXra:1912.0358 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-12-21 01:11:48*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Robert R. Caldwell, Marc Kamionkowski, and Nevin N. Weinberg, wrote a paper Phantom Energy and Cosmic Doomsday (1). They wrote an equation for the expiration date of the universe and used an example where the expiration date of the universe is 22 billion years.
In spinning sphere theory, matter is created by imperfections forming in the universe. The imperfections are absence defects similar to Shottky defects in material science.(2) It is proposed that repulsive gravity pushes on these defects out to the edge of the universe. During that time of travel to the edge of the universe, stars, galaxies, and galaxy clusters are formed and age. Over 22 billion years, the edge of the universe is reached and all matter goes into non-existence. New matter is continually formed on the interior of the universe. Old matter is destroyed at the edge of the universe. The following paper shows the equation for calculating the amount of time it takes for matter to be pushed out of the universe by repulsive gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1407] **viXra:1912.0332 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-12-19 05:12:48*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** corrected mistake in equation page 5, update equation page 2

Within the first article „Solution to the Problem of Time“ [3] the author explored the origin of time and suggested the Unified Principles of Nature that must be applied in order to unify Quantum Gravity and General Relativity without contradiction. To emphasis the urging conclusion out of the Solution to the „Problem of Time“ the author summarize in this paper the claim to reintroduce rational thought and argument in science in order to solve pressing problems in human society. Science must consider the Scientific God to unite Quantum Theory and General Relativity into a theory that can describe and predict reality.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1406] **viXra:1912.0332 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-12-18 15:18:35*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

Within the first article „Solution to the Problem of Time“ [3] the author explored the origin of time and suggested the Unified Principles of Nature that must be applied in order to unify Quantum Gravity and General Relativity without contradiction. To emphasis the urging conclusion out of the Solution to the „Problem of Time“ the author summarize in this paper the claim to reintroduce rational thought and argument in science in order to solve pressing problems in human society. Science must consider the Scientific God to unite Quantum Theory and General Relativity into a theory that can describe and predict reality.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1405] **viXra:1912.0285 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-12-22 11:09:54*

**Authors:** The ridiculous aberrations of the International System of Unity

**Comments:** 11 Pages. in French, submitted to Le CEP

The recent reformulation of the International System of Unity is correctly based on a logical return to the Planck fundamental constant. But the ancient error of introducing arbitrary constants in electric units are not corrected. The return to a number of only three fundamental unities would re conciliate research and teaching, as well as milit for a conciliation of different disciplines, such as Biology, Particle Physics and Cosmology, as illustrated by the Topological axis, which rehabilitates the string theory, but refuting the Big Bang model.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1404] **viXra:1912.0253 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-12-15 00:47:23*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

A brief introduction of the history of Born's Reciprocal Relativity Theory, Hopf algebraic deformations of the Poincare algebra, de Sitter algebra, and noncommutative spacetimes
paves the road for the exploration of gravity in $curved$ phase spaces within the context of the
Finsler geometry of the cotangent bundle $T^* M$ of spacetime. A scalar-gravity model is duly studied, and exact nontrivial analytical solutions
for the metric and nonlinear connection are found that
obey the generalized gravitational field equations, in addition to satisfying the $zero$ torsion conditions
for $all$ of the torsion components. The $curved$ base spacetime manifold and internal momentum space both turn out to be (Anti) de Sitter type. The most salient feature is that the solutions capture the very early inflationary and very-late-time de Sitter phases of the Universe. A $regularization$ of the $8$-dim phase space action leads naturally to an extremely small effective cosmological constant $ \Lambda_{eff}$, and which in turn, furnishes an extremely small value for the underlying four-dim spacetime cosmological constant $ \Lambda$, as a direct result of a $correlation$ between $ \Lambda_{eff} $ and $ \Lambda$ resulting from the field equations. The rich structure of Finsler geometry deserves to be explore further since it can shine some light into Quantum Gravity, and lead to interesting cosmological phenomenology.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1403] **viXra:1912.0126 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-12-12 10:50:05*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Science fiction has always wondered if there is repulsive gravity. If there is a positive and negative to elementary charge, why can’t there be positive and negative gravity. If the strong force and weak force are limited by distance, why not gravity. This paper proposes gravity is limited in its action distance. After this action distance is exceeded, then repulsive gravity takes over. This is the force that causes universe to look like it is expanding. This paper will propose that the limitations of gravity is about 18.93 million light years in radius. Islands of approximately 18.93 million light years in radius will form within the universe and then be pushed apart by repulsive gravity.
This paper’s purpose is to propose a size limit to action distance of gravity. Later papers will analyze redshift, galaxy luminosities, surface brightness, and size, and determine if this repulsive gravity model correlates the information better than existing models. This model will also be used to try to model the non-linear Hubble Constant.
People have tried to figure out how the universe went from a spec, to a very fast inflation. This is only necessary in a universe that has a finite age. In the spinning sphere universe, the universe is sectioned off into galaxy clusters. The universe may have a center galaxy cluster. New matter is probably created outside this center of this central galaxy cluster. This central galaxy cluster already has a size due to the universe being infinitely old. The central galaxy cluster pushes new matter away from the center of the universe. There may be a very odd and old galaxy cluster.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1402] **viXra:1912.0126 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-12-09 13:27:01*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Science fiction has always wondered if there is repulsive gravity. If there is a positive and negative to elementary charge, why can’t there be positive and negative gravity. If the strong force and weak force are limited by distance, why not gravity. This paper proposes gravity is limited in its action distance. After this action distance is exceeded, then repulsive gravity takes over. This is the force that causes universe to look like it is expanding. This paper will propose that the limitations of gravity is about 18.93 million light years in radius. Islands of approximately 18.93 million light years in radius will form within the universe and then be pushed apart by repulsive gravity.
This paper’s purpose is to propose a size limit to action distance of gravity. Later papers will analyze redshift, galaxy luminosities, surface brightness, and size, and determine if this repulsive gravity model correlates the information better than existing models. This model will also be used to try to model the non-linear Hubble Constant.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1401] **viXra:1911.0528 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-12-01 09:06:50*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages. replaced title

Our universe appears to be 13.8 billion years old, or at least have an age. But the author sees evidence that the universe is infinitely old, but continually has new matter created and old matter destroyed. How could such a mechanism exist? A universe that appears to continually expand could be part of this mechanism. This paper proposes that there is a mechanism that causes this appearance of expansion and it all takes place in a spinning sphere universe that is infinitely old, but it always rejuvenates. This continuous creation of matter has been proposed before [4]. The difference in this paper is that the universe never changes size, and matter is always continuously destroyed as well.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1400] **viXra:1911.0214 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-11-14 13:20:33*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Presented here an extension of the dynamics of the core of baryons reduces the initial 3 iterative numbers in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) to 2. Now SST starts from 7 parameters and 2 iterative numbers which are derived after formulation of the theory. We calculated mass of the central condensate which is responsible for the nuclear weak interactions, the coupling constant for such interactions, the binding energy of the torus/electric-charge and central condensate, and masses of charged and neutral core. We showed also how important are the axial symmetries in weak interactions.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1399] **viXra:1911.0209 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-11-13 01:16:29*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

In 2017, scientists from Osaka University measured unexpected gamma-ray energy spectrum of the lithium reaction with the 246-MeV protons. Here, using the dynamics of the core of baryons described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we showed that the two absorption lines follow from such dynamics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1398] **viXra:1910.0503 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-10-29 07:18:09*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Starting from the theoretical background developed for obtaining the Quantization of Gravity, in the paper Mathematical Foundations of the Relativistic Theory of Quantum Gravity, I show here that, it is possible to derive a theoretical value of the Cosmological Constant, extremely close to the observed value.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1397] **viXra:1910.0503 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-10-25 14:14:06*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Starting from the theoretical background developed for obtaining the Quantization of Gravity, in the paper Mathematical Foundations of the Relativistic Theory of Quantum Gravity, I show here that, it is possible to derive a theoretical value of the Cosmological Constant, extremely close to the observed value.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1396] **viXra:1910.0442 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-10-29 14:31:20*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In this short lecture we describe the correspondence between tangles and associahedra tiles, where R occurs in the case of braid tangles, leading to a natural extension to ribbons. Such tangles come from the Temperley-Lieb algebra and were used by Bar-Natan to study Khovanov complexes in nice cobordism categories.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1395] **viXra:1910.0208 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-10-15 01:48:42*

**Authors:** Theoryofall.org

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Stephen Hawking famously said: „If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few scientists. Then we shall all, philosophers, scientists, and just ordinary people, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason — for then we would know the mind of God.“ We the people agree to science and have to draw a line: If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few leaders. Then we shall all, adam and eve, men and women, child and adult, black and white, believer and unbeliever, rich and poor, chinese and american, norwegian and south-african, muslim and christ, western world and islamic state, governments and citizens, nations and companies, heterosexual and homosexual, weak and strong, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we fail to live as a healthy community on earth. If we continue to search for the mind of a God, our ecosystem, this planet and this entire living universe we live “with” in entanglement and community and “wholeness” will die.
Credits to :
Theory of Thougth (Platon);Theory of Emotion (Aristotle); Theory of Gravitation (Newton), Theory of Special Relativity (Einstein), Theory of Radical Constructivism (Glasersfeld), Theory of Justice (Rawls)

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1394] **viXra:1910.0208 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-10-14 13:39:37*

**Authors:** Theoryofall.org

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Stephen Hawking famously said: „If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few scientists. Then we shall all, philosophers, scientists, and just ordinary people, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason — for then we would know the mind of God.“ We the people agree to science and have to draw a line: If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few leaders. Then we shall all, adam and eve, men and women, child and adult, black and white, believer and unbeliever, rich and poor, chinese and american, norwegian and south-african, muslim and christ, western world and islamic state, governments and citizens, nations and companies, heterosexual and homosexual, weak and strong, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we fail to live as a healthy community on earth. If we continue to search for the mind of a God, our ecosystem, this planet and this entire living universe we live “with” in entanglement and community and “wholeness” will die.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1393] **viXra:1910.0208 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-10-14 08:19:14*

**Authors:** Theoryofall.org

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Stephen Hawking famously said: „If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few scientists. Then we shall all, philosophers, scientists, and just ordinary people, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason — for then we would know the mind of God.“ We the people agree to science and have to draw a line: If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few leaders. Then we shall all, adam and eve, men and women, child and adult, black and white, believer and unbeliever, rich and poor, chinese and american, norwegian and south-african, muslim and christ, western world and islamic state, governments and citizens, nations and companies, heterosexual and homosexual, weak and strong, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we fail to live as a healthy community on earth. If we continue to search for the mind of a God, our ecosystem, this planet and this entire living universe we live “with” in entanglement and community and “wholeness” will die.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1392] **viXra:1910.0035 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-10-14 05:32:01*

**Authors:** Michael Tzoumpas

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

According to the unified theory of dynamic space, the first (Universal) and the second (local) deformation of space is described, which change the geometric structure of the isotropic space. These geometric deformations created the dynamic space, the Universe, and the space holes (bubbles of empty space), the early form of matter. The neutron cortex is structured around these space holes with the electrically opposite elementary units (in short: units) at the light speed, as the third deformation of space (electrical and geometric deformation), resulting in the creation of surface electric charges (quarks), to which the particles spin is due. The constant kinetic
energy of the particle spin is calculated at 100 million Joule. Thus, a single electron is
enough to become the heart of a future energy machine.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1391] **viXra:1909.0518 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-10-01 14:48:38*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Many basic ideas applied in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) have counterparts in the Bambara and Dogon mythology.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1390] **viXra:1909.0518 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-29 03:18:25*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Many basic ideas applied in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) have counterparts in the Bambara and Dogon mythology.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1389] **viXra:1909.0500 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-27 12:35:33*

**Authors:** Kaushal Timilsina

**Comments:** 16 Pages. The freedom of learning and the wonder of asking: What questions can you ask? What do they mean or what do you want them to mean? And can you make answers, What answers can you make and what do they mean (or perhaps what do you mean?).

4 pages of an update, has been added at the end. A discussion on a better mathematical intuition towards a theory of interacting manifolds includes the first question (and the second one as well), in the theory of interacting manifolds. The key discussion includes how an infinite union of singularities from finite dimensional manifolds of any dimensions each (possibly different), can be used to construct an infinite dimensional manifold and how that helps us understand singularities in finite dimensional manifolds, and hinting at an insight towards interactions between finite dimensional manifolds.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1388] **viXra:1909.0487 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-11-07 04:45:27*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages. Included new data from Nature

The 2018 CODATA proton charge radius is 8.414(19)*10^(-16) meters[1] A new measurement in Nature, “Progress on the proton-radius puzzle” is 8.33 ± 0.10 *10^(-16) meters(4).This information may help in deciphering the construction of the universe. The value is not precise enough to make conclusion. This paper proposes a couple precise values. One being 8.40077662 × 10^-16 meters These numbers are from the Compton wavelength of the neutron. The calculations for the proton charge radius, done in this paper, are a continuation of Spinning Sphere Theory started in the paper “Gravity most related to the Proton Mass, Charge most related to the Electron Mass”[2] where the universe is discovered to be spinning spheres made out spinning spheres for many layers which is better described in “Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”[3]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1387] **viXra:1909.0487 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-30 18:24:42*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The 2018 CODATA proton charge radius is 8.414(19)*10^(-19) meters[1] This information may help in deciphering the construction of the universe. The value is not precise enough to make conclusion. This paper proposes a couple precise values. One being 8.40077662 × 10^-16 meters These numbers are from the Compton wavelength of the neutron. The calculations for the proton charge radius, done in this paper, are a continuation of Spinning Sphere Theory started in the paper “Gravity most related to the Proton Mass, Charge most related to the Electron Mass”[2] where the universe is discovered to be spinning spheres made out spinning spheres for many layers which is better described in “Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”[3]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1386] **viXra:1909.0487 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-30 09:51:23*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The 2018 CODATA proton charge radius is 8.414(19)*10^(-19) meters[1] This information may help in deciphering the construction of the universe. The value is not precise enough to make conclusion. This paper proposes a couple precise values. One being 8.40077662 × 10^-16 meters These numbers are from the Compton wavelength of the neutron. The calculations for the proton charge radius, done in this paper, are a continuation of Spinning Sphere Theory started in the paper “Gravity most related to the Proton Mass, Charge most related to the Electron Mass”[2] where the universe is discovered to be spinning spheres made out spinning spheres for many layers which is better described in “Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”[3]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1385] **viXra:1909.0477 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-23 08:20:19*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

According to the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), there is the two-component spacetime composed of the SST Higgs field (which consists of tachyons) and the Einstein spacetime (which consists of the neutrino-antineutrino pairs). The neutrinos are built of the superluminal binary systems of closed strings (we call them the gravitons or entanglons). The closed strings in a graviton have parallel spins and opposite internal helicity. Gravitons are placed in the SST Higgs field so they carry the smallest "piece" of gravitational field. Neutrinos produce gradient in the SST Higgs field - it is the elementary gravitational field defined by the gravitational constant G. Generally, the gradients/gravitational-fields are the classical fields but at distances smaller than 3510.1831 multiplied by the equatorial radius of neutrinos there appear groups of gravitons emitted and absorbed by the core of neutrinos. Here we described phenomena that concern the quantum region of neutrinos. The Neutrino Quantum Gravity (NQG) leads to the volumetric quantum confinement of the neutrino-antineutrino pairs that is the origin of the masses of scalars in physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1384] **viXra:1909.0428 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-10-01 15:41:09*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

In quantum logic, the emergence of spacetime and related symmetries goes hand in hand with the emergence of the real and complex numbers themselves. In this paper, we show how finite fields are surprisingly sufficient for most physical questions, once we throw away classical geometrical models in favour of categorical axioms. In particular, generalised Pauli matrix algebras are closely related to braid and ribbon diagrams, and holographic information for mass localisation gains its intuition from algebras for anyon condensation. We discuss definitions of homology and cohomology associated to braids, recalling the twistor construction of massive solutions in H2.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1383] **viXra:1909.0417 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-10-22 02:36:40*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 55 Pages.

This consciousness theory of everything, also called Quantum FFF Theory, (FFF = Function Follows Form) is a semi classical theory based on a symmetrical Big Bang into 8 or 12 Charge Parity (CP) symmetric copy universes.
However such a cyclic multiverse seems to be only possible with special ingredients,
1: a propeller shaped fermion able transform by collision and spin in two pitch directions.
2: A compact String knot based dark matter Fuzzball black hole with enough rigid string content, to become stable against the fierce oscillations of the oscillating vacuum lattice and repelling all spinning Fermions. but not other black hole nuclei or photons.
As a result, The Quantum FFF Theory is a semi classical theory because it describes reality by the real collision and shape transformation processes of real sub quantum rigid stringy multiverse entangled particles.
Each particle is supposed to be conscious by its entanglement with 8 or 12 CP symmetric copy particles located inside 8 or 12 Charge Parity (CP) symmetric universal bubbles at long distance in raspberry shape.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory