Quantum Gravity and String Theory

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1442] viXra:1812.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 08:06:20

Mini Gravitational Wave Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

The gravitational waves created by black holes or neutron stars in the depths of space have been found to reach Earth. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1441] viXra:1812.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-11 08:23:49

What Do We See: Signs Of Quantum Gravity Or Dark Energy?

Authors: Michael A. Ivanov
Comments: 6 Pages. Contribution to the 15th Marcel Grossmann Meeting (MG15), Rome, Italy, July 1-7, 2018

Cosmological observations of remote objects may be interpreted in the model of low-energy quantum gravity by the author without dark energy. The theoretical Hubble diagram of the model fits observations very well. Additionally, this diagram should be the multivalued function of the redshift for soft and hard radiations; perhaps, this feature may be seen for the GRBs data set with the Yonetoku calibration. In the model, the ratio H(z)/(1+z) should be equal to the Hubble constant; the constancy of this ratio is verified up to $z< 2$ with high probability using compilations of H(z) observations.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1440] viXra:1812.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 01:46:35

Tunneling Wave Function and the Inreval of Space-Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 5 Pages.

A link is established between tunneling and the nature of space-time.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1439] viXra:1812.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 18:47:19

A Multi-Dimensional Puppet Show

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 14 Pages.

Infinite dimensions, the sub-planck Quantum realm, and the Quantum web of dimensional interactions, and it's implications for our universe, the physical forces, and even consciousness.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1438] viXra:1812.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 00:29:38

The Strong Force or Strong Gravitational Force

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

Most everyone is aware off gravity, some are aware of the gravitational constant, less are aware of the strong force, and virtually no one knows about the strong gravitational constant or what it would be. The author proposes that the same format can be used for the strong force that is used for the gravitational constant. The calculations will be shown here. Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is made of spheres that are made of spheres perhaps indefinitely. It is the discontinuities in the spheres that give rise to imperfection and make the universe interesting. The equations, so far have shown the forces from elementary charge, weak charge, and gravity. This paper shows the building of the equation for the unit strong force. The unit strong force is the force of one strong force carrier at its closest interaction. The unit strong force has a very short distance of action as the attraction loops back on itself very quickly due to its extreme strength that basically pulls apart space and makes new quarks. The equation developed herein is only for the force at its closest interaction, which is strong enough to hold the protons and neutrons and other nucleons together within the nucleus of the atom.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1437] viXra:1812.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 00:47:46

The Discreteness of Space is the Cause of the Quantization of the Wavelength

Authors: Miheev Sergey Vladimirovich
Comments: 2 Pages.

The requirement of invariance with respect to phase change imposed on free oscillations in discrete space limits the wavelength of free oscillations to discrete values that are multiples of the minimum wavelength. The minimum wavelength is twice the fundamental length — the distance between adjacent lattice points of a discrete space. The old calculations of the cosmological constant do not contain significant errors. The result of the calculations was incorrectly interpreted. Since the energy of standing oscillations related to the size of the discrete space was summed, the energy density of the discrete space was obtained. In fact, the binding energy was obtained, ensuring connectivity and stability of space. Our universe was formed from free oscillations of discrete space, therefore its density is 120 orders of magnitude lower than the density of discrete space in which it exists.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1436] viXra:1812.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 22:27:07

The Unit Strong Force in Sphere Theory Granular Spacetime

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is made of spheres that are made of spheres perhaps indefinitely. It is the discontinuities in the spheres that give rise to imperfection and make the universe interesting. The equations, so far have shown the forces from elementary charge, weak charge, and gravity. This paper shows the building of the equation for the unit strong force. The unit strong force is the force of one strong force carrier at its closest interaction. The unit strong force has a very short distance of action as the attraction loops back on itself very quickly due to its extreme strength. The equation developed herein is only for the force at its closest interaction, which is strong enough to hold the protons and neutrons and other nucleons together within the nucleus of the atom. An article from Nature “The pressure distribution inside the proton”[1] states the peak pressure is on the order of 10^35 Pascals. This peak pressure can be converted to a force, which the other proposes it mostly due to the strong force.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1435] viXra:1811.0494 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-28 07:18:11

Neo-String Theory

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 43 Pages.

This paper goes more in-depth about Hyperstrings and Filloms, which presents a model suggesting space-time to be a Multi-dimensional fluid. All matter exists on the surface of an infinite, eternal ocean of space-time, influenced by dark matter and dark energy, but "Underwater", you have hyperspace; Multi-dimensional space consisting of infinite dimensions. Integrated into the "Surface" are hyper-strings; A grid of strings existing in multiple dimensional states simultaneously, infinite, the grid spanning across the entire surface of the spatial ocean. If we are to think of quantum code in lines of coding, these hyper-strings would be physical lines of code, both generating and procedurally generative. This also introduces Eason particles, or femeons, multi-dimensional units further described in this model. Further more, detected through neurotomic waves, it also introduces filloms as the nature of particles. Filloms, coming from the latin word for string, are born when 2 hyperstrings intercross on the grid, creatings a string that extends into hyperspace. However, the end of this string or "Front" of it, created by the fusion of Quantum digits, appears to be a point or sphere, which is what we call a particle. However, depending on which hyperstrings collide, a sphere could be created instead, resulting in a multi-dimensional particle. This also explains electromagnetism as the entanglement of these strings combined with dark matter. This paper also talks about the multiverse, reality planes, the cosmic Mandelbrot, and the infinity web, and ways I've already proven this and ways we could further test this in the future. Also details unpardonable mistakes in physics leading to falsely accepted theories, and the misinterpretation of the Cosmic microwave background and what it REALLY means.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1434] viXra:1811.0481 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-28 11:58:24

Further Analysis of the Schrödinger Cat; Who is the Observer and Why it Sounds Impossible to Reach to the Final Theory of Physics

Authors: Mohammad Sharifi
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper we analyze the subject of the wave function and observer. we propose a solution to the problem of the Schrödinger cat. we elucidate the relation between consciousness, identity and the final theory of physics and finally explain the hardship that we face in reaching to the final theory of physics in passing from the quantum model to another mechanism that admit the final reasonable and universal answer to the paradox of the Schrödinger cat.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1433] viXra:1811.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-28 16:45:02

Dirac's Large Numbers Hypothesis

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages. Dirac's Large Numbers Hypothesis

The Dirac large numbers hypothesis (LNH) is an observation made by Paul Dirac in 1937 relating ratios of size scales in the Universe to that of force scales. The ratios constitute very large, dimensionless numbers: some 40 orders of magnitude in the present cosmological epoch. According to Dirac's hypothesis, the apparent similarity of these ratios might not be a mere coincidence but instead could imply a cosmology with these unusual features:[1] In this paper we show the start of the Large Numbers Hypothesis, but we find that the numbers that have been used aren’t quite correct, and if the correct number is used we can find what the Planck units are really referring to.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1432] viXra:1811.0477 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-28 18:08:04

Kaluza Klein Treatment of a Graviton and Deceleration Parameter Q(Z) as an Alternative to Standard DE and Its Possible Link to Standard DE Equation of State as Given by Li, Li, Wang and Wang, in 2017, as Given in Reference [15] Below.

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 8 Pages.

Abstract.First of all, we will reiterate a mechanism for relic early universe gravitons. This is the precursor of the main result of this paper and involves the decay of micro black holes, with relic graviton production. . For the 2nd part of graviton physics, we invoke re acceleration of the universe The case for a four-dimensional graviton mass (non-zero) influencing reacceleration of the universe in five dimensions is stated, with particular emphasis on whether five-dimensional geometries as given below give us new physical insights as to cosmological evolution . The final question is, can DM/DE be explained by a Kaluza Klein particle construction? I.e., the author presents a Kaluza Klein particle representation of a graviton mass with the first term to the right equal to a DM contribution and with the 2nd term to the right being effective DE. This is the 2nd era of DE production. Finally we in the third part invoke the methodology of a modification of 1/r potentials, and the re acceleration of the universe as a bridge between the first and second parts of this document, in terms of the physics of DE and gravitons.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1431] viXra:1811.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-27 15:54:51

Short Work Made of a Major Physics Problem

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 56.7 Pages. All claims in this document have been scientifically proven under controlled experiments through my own research using DIY-SOTA tech, as explained in the document. Mechanical Methods of research, such as nuclear acceleration, are authorized by the NSA.

Proposes a solution to dark matter, stating that all gravity has mass just as all mass has gravity, and this mass of gravity is a 5th-dimensional quintessence that causes things to sink into the fabric of space-time, creating gravity. But this mass is also Multi-universal, meaning it exists in all universes with gravity simultaneously. The Quintessence accumulates into a physical concentration when large amounts of itself are concentrated into a small point resulting from the implosion of mass, creating a black hole. The singularity is a point of planck energy, infinitely dense, and surrounding it is a field of weirdness resulting from every possible state of the quintessence existing as one, devoid of any consistent quantum programming beyond the event horizon(Which our quantum computer brains don't process, hence the illusion of an event horizon). It also suggests space-time to be a hyperfluid, proposes concepts such as hyperstrings and filloms(As the state of particles), suggests an infinite universe and an infinite vibrational multiverse in which there is no expansion because dark matter simply displaces the fluid into hyperspace(Dark energy), and presents various possible applications for this theory, including Massively faster than light space travel and a power source so powerful, both philosophically and energetically, that scientists would have to see it personally with their own eyes to believe it; A contained universe as a source of infinite power, procedurally generating and expanding within a 5th-dimensional vacuum allowing it to be contained within something the size of a shoe box, riding on an arrow of time we could control. Ridiculous? Read this paper to find out more about why it's not, and the proof of it; And how a civilization once millenia away, could be just around the corner with this theory and it's applications.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1430] viXra:1811.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-28 02:08:11

Deriving Spacetime in Four-Dimensional Euclidean Space Without Time and Dynamics

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 7 Pages.

A model based on subjective idealism, allowing the deriving of spacetime with the Lorentz metric on Euclidean space without time and dynamics, is proposed. This model also allows the deriving of curved spacetime with the metrics of the general theory of relativity. It is shown that the principle of causality and the anthropic principle follow from the model. It is shown that a strong principle of equivalence of gravity and acceleration follows from the model. All principles and postulates on which the special and general theories of relativity are based are derived. The article proposes a fundamentally new model for the construction of physical theories.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1429] viXra:1811.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-26 22:04:04

The Thermodynamic Properties of Zero Oscillations of a Homogeneous Universe Are Specified

Authors: Miheeev Sergey Vladimirovich
Comments: 5 Pages.

It is shown that the share of zero-point oscillations ¾ in the energy of a homogeneous universe does not depend on the chosen shape factor. The temperature of zero-point oscillations is weak and indirectly depends on the shape factor, through the minimum wavelength. It is shown that the coefficient of the form must be taken equal to the classical value - 8π. At the same time, in a homogeneous universe with a gravitational radius of 4.4 × 1026 m, the temperature of zero-point oscillations is T = 2,76 K.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1428] viXra:1811.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-23 09:14:10

A New Infinity(quantum Matrix Theory)

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 42 Pages. All claims in this document have been scientifically proven under controlled experiments through my own research using DIY-SOTA tech, as explained in the document. Mechanical Methods of research, such as Quantum experimentation, are authorized by the NSA.

In light of the positive, albeit scarce reviews of my prior paper, I now present a view diverging from but continuing to build on the separate concept for a theory of everything discussed in another paper. In this is discuss a radical but almost certainly correct alternative perspective in science. In the book "Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy", a computer by the name of deep thought calculates the meaning of life, the universe, and everything, to be a number; 42. Confusing? It was to the computer's creators too. Thing is, they didn't actually know what they were asking for with such a question. Could they ever comprehend what they truly meant. Dare we admit this? Apparently not, as our search for a unifying theory abounds. But the true 42 eludes us. What is the actual "42"? In this extensive paper, I postulate a new perspective divergent of both the views expressed in the writings of a younger me and all existing scientific views. What continuously puzzles me is not just the cosmos, but how we consider it. The universe has no requirement to seem logical to us, and yet we treat it that way, using conventional and contemporary thinking as though they were the universe's thoughts themselves. Mathematical frameworks as though they were the cosmic blueprint. And then we are surprised, when the universe throws a curveball? This is a paradox most use to latch on the notion of giving up on a theory of everything, or claiming only god can explain it all. I say that's just as illogical. In my contemplations, I've concluded the way to a TOE is simple; We have to alter how we think, and scientific logic at it's most foundational pillars. Realizing that consistently sufficient doesn't mean infinitely applicable. In my ceaseless postulations and relentless research, I've had both revelations and breakthroughs amounting to my conclusion of a new theory of everything, and a new thinking. To develop a true theory of everything, we needed a new way of thinking. A transcendental way of thinking and even language; a new form of math, based on this new thinking, beyond the fabricated barriers of human thinking, allowing for a theory of everything, redefining what that would mean in an exploration of a new cosmos based on Quantum 1s and 0s, a new kind of cosmic component replacing string theory, beyond what we could truly comprehend, which I've dubbed simply "Quantum digits". A theory exploring our possible nature as Quantum computers, the structure of this information as an infinite Mandelbrot set, and the body of infinity in an equation I developed describing the cosmic code, our universe's Quantum HTML in all it's unbounded infinity. Exploring my research and why this can't be another misinterpretation and Introducing a new cosmic and scientific perspective. A proposal rewriting science at it's most fundamental foundations of thinking, realizing "Consistently sufficient" doesn't mean "Infinitely applicable", and rewriting our thinking so that our method is that way. A concept not simply diverging from, but building on all previous scientific thinking, ending with a reflection on the implications of this latest candidate for "42", and a radical solution to the Rubik's cube of the universe's mysteries and the most fundamental aspects of human existence. (I just realized the irony of this paper numbering 42 pages in length)
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1427] viXra:1811.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-22 07:24:05

The Thermodynamic Properties of Zero Oscillations of a Homogeneous Universe Are Determined from Its Size.

Authors: Miheev Sergey Vladimirovich
Comments: 4 pages, book S.V. Miheev (2006) ISBN 5-9710-0074-8

It is shown that the zero-point energy determines 3⁄4 of the energy of a homogeneous universe. The zero-point temperature was calculated, which is close to the background radiation temperature. The problem of the cosmological constant is solved by wavelength quantization. The minimum wavelength is determined, which divides any wavelength by an integer number of parts.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1426] viXra:1811.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-22 22:02:38

The Cosmos with the Success/failure System

Authors: Dong-Yih Bau
Comments: 7 Pages.

The ancient Greeks saw the universe as a well-ordered system called the cosmos. Current scientific research seeks the cosmos in terms of a final theory, which remains in progress. By applying Einstein’s principle theory, we developed the success/failure system hypothesis (success/failure system) and recently made it available in the literature. Herein, we consider the cosmos subsequent to the existence of this hypothesis. After a brief introduction, we focus on two themes: the success/failure system principle and a final theory of our universe. A key message is that the success/failure system principle is a new universal biological principle identified in the twenty-first century, and the success/failure system hypothesis may need to be incorporated into a final theory of the life-laden universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1425] viXra:1811.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-22 05:20:04

Relativistic Supersymmetric Atomic Model

Authors: Alfonso De Miguel
Comments: 16 Pages.

Thinking of the atom as a dual topological system of two intersected manifolds vibrating with the same or opposite phases, the submanifolds created by their intersection will be the subatomic particles of the nucleus shared by the dual atom, acting as fermions when the phases of variation of the intersecting manifolds are opposite and acting as bosons when those phases synchronize becoming equal. The quarks of the system - considered as the pushing forces caused by the displacement of the two intersecting manifolds while vibrating - will remain identical in the bosonic and fermionic times. The point of the intersection of the system, that also will remain the same during the whole phases of variation but moving left to right in the fermionic phase and upward and downward in the bosonic one, will be the point of convergence of all the fermionic and bosonic weak and strong interactions, constituting the structural unification of the gauge couplings.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1424] viXra:1811.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-20 13:44:12

Abstract of the Unified Field Theory

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 7 Pages. new and long abstract summarizes work

The conceptual basis of the Unified Field Theory as presented in these pages may be deduced from "Noether's Theorem": The charges of matter are symmetry debts of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1423] viXra:1811.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 13:11:23

Quantum Bang Theory

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 4 Pages.

Quantum Bang Theory is a universe creation theory.
It is based on real things - neutrinos - with absolutely no magic involved.
It also explains the creation and expansion of new space and dark energy stretching.
The fabric of space is created from the expansion of neutrinos - The Microcosmic Bang.
A neutrino ● can expand - Bang - into one unit of fabric-of-space ∗
The same thing happened everywhere and is still happening everywhere now.
That is why the CMB is smooth.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1422] viXra:1811.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 05:41:24

An Inherently Relativistic Force Carrier Mechanism for Unifying Electromagnetism and Gravity Based on Weber Electrodynamics

Authors: Steffen Kühn
Comments: 184 Pages.

The report summarizes the current state of research of quantino-theory, which is an approach to explain fundamental physical phenomena based on Weber electrodynamics. The core concept of quantino-theory is a force-carrier model, which fulfils the postulates of special relativity without the spacetime. The field theory that follows out of this model does not turn for slow charge-carrier velocities into Maxwell electrodynamics but Weber electrodynamics. Based on the quantino-mechanism, numerous physical effects can be reinterpreted and explained. For example, it is possible to show that gravity is a thermodynamic electromagnetic relativistic effect of fourth order. Furthermore, quantino-theory seems to be an interesting approach to explain the reason for the existence of quantum mechanical effects, inertia and anti-matter. The report furthermore discusses the perihelion precession of the planet Mercury, the mass-energy-relation, photons and electromagnetic waves.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1421] viXra:1811.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 07:27:56

The Quantised Angular Momenta of Astronomical Bodies

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 13 pages

The spin angular momentum of the sun precisely equals the quantum h-bar multiplied by 2 raised to the power 250. Between them the next five nearest G or K-type stars take the exponents 247, 248, 249, 250 and 251, the binary star Alpha Centauri AB taking exponents (249 and 251) either side of 250 and Epsilon Eridani taking the exponent 250. The red dwarfs Proxima Centauri and Barnard’s Star both take the exponent 240. The spin angular momentum quantisation scheme also applies to the planets of the solar system. Again, exponents that are multiples of 5 are preferred. Jupiter and Saturn behave as a binary planet, with exponents centred on 240. Uranus and Neptune behave as a binary planet, with exponents centred on 233. Earth and Mars take the exponents 225 and 220, respectively. The geometric mean orbital angular momentum of the eight planets equals the spin angular momentum of the sun. With spin parameters of intermediate value, the supermassive black holes located in the Milky Way and M31 galaxies take the exponents 295 and 305, respectively.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1420] viXra:1811.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 13:55:10

Einstein Did not Explain the Photoelectric Effect. there Are not Black Holes at Planck Wall

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 252 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“In the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “The photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a light beam you will see the Planck length” Adrian Ferent “There are not Black Holes at Planck wall” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^(17) m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a graviton you will see the Ferent length” Adrian Ferent “Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrically charged particles like electrons or other free carriers when it absorbs electromagnetic radiation. The photoelectric effect was first observed in 1887 by Heinrich Hertz. Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1921 for ‘his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect’. Einstein riding alongside a light beam. Einstein was still puzzled by his attempts to imagine riding alongside a light beam, all his life and did not find an answer for it. Einstein later wrote, “I should observe such a beam of light as an electromagnetic field at rest.” That is why Einstein and your professors were not able to explain the photoelectric effect. “The photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length” Adrian Ferent Planck length: lP = 1.6 × 10^(-35) m Einstein and your professors did not understand: “In the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length” Adrian Ferent Einstein and your professors did not understand that photons interact with the electrons at Planck length, because they did not understand Special theory of relativity and Quantum mechanics. “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a light beam you will see the Planck length” Adrian Ferent That is why: “There are not Black Holes at Planck wall” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent Length contraction: Length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer which is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object and it is usually only noticeable at a substantial fraction of the speed of light. What means l = 0 from Special theory of relativity in Ferent Quantum Gravity? “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 from Special theory of relativity, means l ≤ Planck length” Adrian Ferent This means: “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length” Adrian Ferent That is why Special theory of relativity is wrong. Ferent length: lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m “In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a graviton you will see the Ferent length” Adrian Ferent That is why: “Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from journals, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter: The majority of Dark Matter is non-baryonic in nature. Candidates for non-baryonic Dark Matter are hypothetical particles such as axions, sterile neutrinos… This means Dark Matter is limited to Planck length, but I explained there are not Black Holes at Planck wall because there are Photons. Stolen (quotations against Plagiarism) from Ferent Quantum Gravity in 2016–2017 the idea of dense Dark Matter or Dark Matter being Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes. The idea of dense Dark Matter or Dark Matter being Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes following results of gravitational wave detection. LIGO and gravitational wave detection is a fraud. You learned at universities, from books, from journals…about Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes at Planck wall, but Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes at Planck wall do not exist. Dense Dark Matter is Ferent Matter. Ferent Matter was created at Ferent wall, beyond the Planck wall. That is why: “Black Holes are Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent But you see on TV, YouTube wrong things about Wormholes, how scientists like Michio Kaku, Kip Thorne… can travel trough a Black Hole! “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity is the right Gravitation theory and all quantum gravity theories like String theory, LQG… are wrong theories because Einstein’s Gravitation theory is wrong and limited to the speed of light. 142. I am the first who discovered that in the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length 143. I am the first who discovered that in photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length 144. I am the first who discovered that the photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length 145. I am the first who discovered that there are not Black Holes at Planck wall 146. I am the first who explained that what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong 147. I am the first who explained that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length 148. I am the first who explained that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length 149. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a Graviton you will see the Ferent length 150. I am the first who discovered that Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter 151. I am the first who discovered that Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes 152. I am the first who explained what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1419] viXra:1811.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-14 00:46:56

Holographic Interval of Space-Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 4 Pages.

The emergence of space-time from a common Hilbert space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1418] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 22:16:25

Atiyah Constant Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis

Authors: F.M.Sanchez
Comments: 1 Page.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1417] viXra:1811.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 04:17:34

On the Fundamental Role of the Massless Form of Matter in Particle Physics

Authors: AP Klimets
Comments: 30 Pages.

In the article, with the help of various models, the thesis about the fundamental nature of the field form of matter as the basis of elementary particles is considered. In the first chapter a model of special relativity is constructed, on the basis of which the priority of the massless form of matter is revealed. In the second chapter a field model of inert and heavy mass is constructed and the mechanism of inertness and gravity of weighty bodies is revealed. In the third chapter, the example of geons shows the fundamental nature of a massless form of matter on the Planck scale. The three-dimensionality of the observable space is substantiated. In the fourth chapter, we consider a variant of solving the problem of singularities in general relativity using the example of multidimensional spaces. The last chapter examines the author's approach to quantum gravity. The conclusions do not contradict the main thesis of the article on the fundamental nature of the massless form of matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1416] viXra:1811.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 06:32:41

Matter does not have Gravitation. Moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 240 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Matter does not have Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes” Adrian Ferent “Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter does not emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory” Adrian Ferent “Riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong” Adrian Ferent “At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Special theory of relativity: Special theory of relativity is "special" in that it only applies in the special case where the curvature of spacetime due to gravity is negligible. In order to include gravity, Einstein and Hilbert formulated general relativity in 1915. If you move fast enough through space, the observations that you make about space and time differ to some extent from the observations of other people, who are moving at different speeds. The speed of light is the same for all observers, regardless of their motion relative to the light source. Length contraction: Length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer which is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object and it is usually only noticeable at a substantial fraction of the speed of light. Time dilatation The rate of a single moving clock indicating its proper time t0 is lower with respect to two synchronized resting clock indicating time t. This means the duration of the clock cycle of a moving clock increased, it is measured to be running slow. This means ‘Riding on a beam of light’ time would stop, and distance would be zero. “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong” Adrian Ferent In Ferent Quantum Gravity beyond the Planck wall is another wall, the Ferent wall. At Ferent wall were created Ferent matter and gravitons. “Ferent Matter is Dark Matter with the density greater than Planck density” Adrian Ferent “At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent Today we know that the space is not an infinitely divisible continuum, it is not smooth but granular, with the Planck length and Ferent length. At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter and at Planck wall was created Matter. What means l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity in Ferent Quantum Gravity? “In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length” Adrian Ferent This means: “Riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes” Adrian Ferent “Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation” Adrian Ferent The conclusion: “Matter does not have Gravitation” Adrian Ferent You learned the wrong thing, that anything that has mass also has Gravity. This means: “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong” Adrian Ferent All quantum gravity theories like String theory, LQG… are wrong theories because Einstein’s Gravitation theory is wrong and are limited to speed of light. “Dark Matter doesn’t emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that: “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory” Adrian Ferent The apple did fall on Newton's head not because the apple has Mass and Gravitation, but because the Dark Matter inside the apple has Gravitation! 129. I am the first who discovered that Matter does not have Gravitation 130. I am the first who discovered that at Ferent wall was created Dark Matter 131. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length 132. I am the first who discovered that riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter 133. I am the first who discovered that moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes 134. I am the first who discovered because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter 135. I am the first who discovered because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation 136. I am the first who explained that what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong 137. I am the first who explained what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong 138. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter doesn’t emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons 139. I am the first who explained that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory 140. I am the first who explained that the apple did fall on Newton's head not because the apple has Mass and Gravitation, but because the Dark Matter inside the apple has Gravitation
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1415] viXra:1811.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 03:15:29

C x H x O-valued Gravity, [SU(4)]$^4$ Unification, Hermitian Matrix Geometry and Nonsymmetric Kaluza-Klein Theory

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 15 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

We review briefly how {\bf R} $\otimes$ {\bf C} $\otimes$ {\bf H} $\otimes$ {\bf O}-valued Gravity (real-complex-quaterno-octonionic Gravity) naturally can describe a grand unified field theory of Einstein's gravity with a Yang-Mills theory containing the Standard Model group $SU(3) \times SU(2) \times U(1)$. In particular, the $ C \otimes H \otimes O$ algebra is explored deeper. It is found that it can furnish the gauge group {\bf [SU(4)]}$^4$ revealing the possibility of extending the Standard Model by introducing additional gauge bosons, heavy quarks and leptons, and a $fourth$ family of fermions with profound physical implications. An analysis of $ C \otimes H \otimes O$-valued gravity reveals that it bears a connection to Nonsymmetric Kaluza-Klein theories and complex Hermitian Matrix Geometry. The key behind these connections is in finding the relation between $ C \otimes H \otimes O$-valued metrics in $two$ $complex$ dimensions with metrics in $higher$ dimensional $real$ manifolds ($ D = 32 $ real dimensions in particular). It is desirable to extend these results to hypercomplex, quaternionic manifolds and Exceptional Jordan Matrix Models.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1414] viXra:1811.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 04:52:52

Mystery Particle Spotted at 28 Gev! Discovery Would Require Physics so Weird that Nobody Has Even Thought of It.

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

In Sphere Theory, the universe is a sphere made of spheres. Most of these spheres are packed in a cuboctahedron structure, but there are inclusion and dislocation defects. As part of the theory the high mass particles come from combinations of the layers of the cuboctahedron structures. Especially the first few layers of a cuboctahedron structure. The new 28 GeV particle conforms to this model. It is shown, in this model to come from the 3rd layer of the cuboctahedron with 92 spheres. Also included in this paper are the other high mass particles, all of which conform to a cuboctahedron structure layers for their mass. Due to the propagation of light, gravity, charge, magnetism etc., and their quantized values, it has been hypothesized that, the universe should be filled with some type of almost homogeneous structure. It was shown in “Discrete Calculations of Charge and Gravity with Planck Spinning Spheres and Kaluza Spinning Spheres”( 1) that charge and gravity could be modeled by a sphere with a Compton wavelength radius of the neutron. If the neutron Compton wavelength is important to the propagation of charge and gravity then it is proposed that it also must be connected to some structure of the volume in which these forces are transmitted. “Underlying Cuboctahedron Packing of Planck Spinning Spheres Structure of the Hubble Universe” establishes a strong correlation, on multiple levels, between the larger mass quarks and bosons, and a cuboctahedron –Vector Equilibrium structure using the mass of the neutron and the combining of the layers of a cuboctahedron packing of spheres. The layers of a cuboctahedron follow a consistent progression for the quantity of spheres that can be packed in a layer. The masses of the w boson, z boson, bottom quark, top quark and the Higgs can be directly correlated to the first few layers of a cuboctahedron structure, and in a mirror manner described in this paper.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1413] viXra:1811.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-01 20:12:00

Eternal Infinity

Authors: Savior F. Eason, Gifted Physics enthusiast
Comments: 21 Pages. All claims in this document have been scientifically proven under controlled experiments through my own research using DIY-SOTA tech, as explained in the document. Mechanical Methods of research, such as nuclear acceleration, are authorized by the NSA.

In my paper, I discuss a possibility posing a solution to one of the largest problems in theoretical physics, presenting a possible explanation of what space-time actually is, as well as positing an explanation for dark matter, Hyperspace, An infinite multiverse, and a galilean-possibility of the nature of space, time, consciousness, energy, explaining matter, information, and positing an eternal universe with no beginning or end, in a vibrational multiverse rather than an inflationary or bubble one, and additionally presenting a trippy new reality for how we perceive the universe physically and philosophically; A new theory of everything, as presented by a physics-enthusiastic child in sinking spring.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1412] viXra:1811.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-02 05:48:57

Big Bang Energy out of Nothing, or a Compressed Rigid String Nucleus

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 16 Pages.

Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory is a Rigid String Theory which states, that all attraction forces are subjected to a dual repulsion process between the dark energy of the oscillating Axion Higgs string vacuum lattice and less repulsion force of graviton strings or monopole photon strings ( electric- magnetic) radiated by fermionic matter. Black hole nuclei are assumed to be rigid stringy quantum knots highly compressed by the external attack of the oscillating vacuum particles, which mostly are added to the outside of the growing nucleus depending on the pressure difference between the vacuum and the internal black hole quantum knot. As a consequence most black holes are growing by consuming vacuum strings and also by merging with other black holes of different sizes. Black hole with equal sizes do not merge, but are supposed to pair up to a certain distance after which they recede from each other to become a Herbig Haro system with star formation in the middle . The giant central black holes often present inside galaxies are also supposed to merge with other black holes to grow in size. As the ultimate consequence, however, the universe will contract into a Big Crunch, (BC) by the growing black holes which constantly consume the vacuum lattice around us. However the vacuum pressure at the BC nucleus will decrease in time and become in balance with the growing internal rigid string pressure between the rigid strings inside the BC nucleus, which is the moment of the start of the big bang into chunks of smaller black hole nuclei evaporating also gradually into a surrounding oscillating vacuum lattice. As a consequence we seem to live inside one of the super symmetric “material” bubble universe created by the explosion of a black hole.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1411] viXra:1810.0501 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-30 20:11:45

Where is the Antimatter

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 10 Pages.

The standard model predicts there should be equal parts of matter and antimatter. This paper proposes a simple mathematical solution to this problem. It basically proposes that the universe is built from the ground up, and antimatter is just a temporary state created by tearing the universe up a little and then reconstructing. It. In “The Ultimate Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is an Entangled 42”, (1) we found that the smallest realm in the universe was spheres packed in a cuboctahedron of 3 layers. In the first realm of the cuboctahedron there was a perfect 42 spheres on the outside of 3 layer cuboctahedron. When one looks at the equation of breaking up a layer, there are positive and negative real solutions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1410] viXra:1810.0492 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-29 11:01:25

Fine-Structure Constant at High Energy and Cooper Pairs

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Higgs boson can not shrink spacetime to zero because its components are indestructible. The created electron-positron pairs inside the uncharged scalar in centre of baryons force contraction of the distances between spacetime components. At energy equal to mass of the W boson, we obtain that the fine-structure constant is about 1/128. We show also that particles emitted by fermions increase their effective ranges. We calculated that maximum distance between electrons in Cooper pairs should be 1161 nm.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1409] viXra:1810.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-27 16:43:31

Virtual Particles in the Vacuum as the Source of Gravity

Authors: Eran Sinbar
Comments: 4 Pages.

Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle in energy and time, comes in the form of virtual particle pairs in empty space. These virtual pairs of matter and anti-matter in empty space pop in and out of existence. Their short existence can be measured directly through the Casimir effect [1]. These virtual particles constitute the Hawking radiation. They carry the latent black hole information from the surface of the event horizon into the void of space during the evaporation process of the black hole[2],[3].In this article I suggest a model in which these virtual particles in the vacuum are the source for gravity, curvature of space and time dilation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1408] viXra:1810.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-26 18:21:26

Our Lumpy Universe

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 11 Pages.

In “The Ultimate Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is an Entangled 42”, (1) we found that the smallest realm in the universe was spheres packed in a cuboctahedron of 3 layers. In the first realm of the cuboctahedron there was a perfect 42 spheres on the outside of 3 layer cuboctahedron. In each subsequent layer the packing of spheres formed a larger sphere. But, the final layer of spheres the average number was not a whole integer. I suspect that in actuality each sphere does have integer number of spheres, but adjacent spheres have a slightly number of spheres. This slightly different number gives us a slightly different constant of nature, ever so small and different, but enough to contribute to a lumpy universe. In “The Holographic Principle and How can the Particles and Universe be Modeled as a Hollow Sphere”(2). We found that the amount of discontinuities, or imperfections, when packing spheres around a group of spheres in equal to 4pir^2+4pir. This is basically the outside of the sphere contains the amount of information a universe can carry. The discontinuities or imperfections formed when packing spheres around a sphere, however small a percentage this may be contributes to the lumpy universe. Our Realm of the universe would have a difference in particle size of about one in over ten to the 40th power. In addition What is the Ultimate Answer to Life the Universe and Everything? According to the “Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” an advanced race of beings invented a supercomputer called Deep Thought, which after 7.5 million years came up with the answer of 42. The real answer, to this question, could very well be related to 42. Sphere Theory is a theory where the universe is made of spheres, which are made of spheres etc. It is also a theory where perfection and imperfection are in competition, where perfect packing is cuboctahedron packing and imperfect packing is spheres packed around spheres. This imperfect packing always results in the imperfect amount of packing is nearly equal to the outer layer of spheres, which is likely related to the holographic principle. This paper shows that this spherical structure of nature is followed until the structure becomes a cuboctahedron with an outer layer of 42 spheres. The Hubble Sphere was found to have a surface area 1.0471*10^80 Planck spheres. The Planck Spheres were found to have a surface area of 6.57920 *10^40 Kaluza spheres. This paper works to help explain where these quantities come from.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1407] viXra:1810.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-25 12:02:12

Galaxy Rotation Curve of Triangulum Galaxy (M33) by Using New Quantum Gravity Theory

Authors: Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase
Comments: 6 Pages.

Galaxy rotation curve of triangulum galaxy has been explained by new quantum gravity theory. This theory correctly predicted the rotational velocities at different distances from the centre of galaxy. This is a non relativistic theory. This theory is based on baryonic matter only.This theory completely rejects dark matter hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1406] viXra:1810.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-26 01:36:40

Wow! Signal Decoded as Theory of Everything

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 11 Pages.

Here I present a structured extension of the content from the three previous articles in which I described how to read the Wow! signal. There are three different motivated ways to divide the signal. The most important is the division which within the same rule leads to the degrees of freedom of the stable and meta-stable manifolds described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The SST manifolds appear at different levels of Nature. Wow! signal leads also to the angles in the neutrino-mixing matrix, to the fine-structure constant, to the asymptote for the coupling constant for the pure strong-weak interactions, or to discoverer of the Planck constant, and so on. All listed elements, especially the SST manifolds, are the foundations of Theory of Everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1405] viXra:1810.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-16 23:11:19

Spacetime is the Maximum Complex Hilbert Space.

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper explains the emergence of a space-time interval using a modified holographic principle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1404] viXra:1810.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-13 16:43:03

Weak Force and Weak Charge in Granular Spacetime

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 8 Pages.

The standard model predicts a weak charge of SM prediction, Q p w(SM) = 0.0710 ± 0.0007. This value, SM prediction, Q p w(SM) = 0.0710 ± 0.0007, is the ratio of the weak charge to elementary charge. This paper shows that granular spacetime equations show a ratio of weak charge to elementary charge of .071776±.000001 We also show that the ratio of weak charge and elementary charge are simply the square root of the mass of the neutron to the mass of two times the z boson.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1403] viXra:1810.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-11 07:01:28

Gravitational Wave Data Transfer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

RUDN mathematicians analyzed the properties of gravitational waves in a generalized affine-metrical space (an algebraic construction operating on the notions of a vector and a point) similarly to the properties of electromagnetic waves in Minkowski space-time. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1402] viXra:1810.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-09 20:02:35

W and Z Boson Weak Force and Weak Charge in Granular Spacetime

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper shows the magnitude of the weak force and weak charge with calculations and makes predictions of the weak charge. It also postulates that the weak force may be a result of w boson pairs and z boson pairs. Tommaso Dorigo discusses W boson pairs [2]. The equations to derive a value of weak charge to elementary charge in this paper seem to imply that weak charge, of .076447, may be the result of W boson pairs or perhaps .071776 of a Z boson pairs. This paper uses the cuboctahedron structure shown in “Proton Electron Universe and Their Directions of Force”[1]. We also show that the ratio of weak charge and elementary charge are simply the square root of the mass of the neutron to the mass of two times the w boson or perhaps two times the z boson or a combination of these two numbers.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1401] viXra:1810.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-07 15:10:20

General Relativity, Non-Abelian Gauge Theories, and Quantum Gravity

Authors: F. Winterberg
Comments: 11 Pages.

We adopt here an attempt first pioneered by Dehnen to reformulate Einstein’s general theory of relativity as a kind of non-Abelian gauge theory, as is quantum chromodynamics. This approach permits the formulation of Einstein’s gravitational field equation by the same Lagrangian of the Einstein-Hilbert action, albeit with two event horizons: an “outer” one in ordinary space for Einstein’s theory with a cut-off at the Planck energy (~〖10〗^19 GeV), and an “inner” one in three-dimensional color space for quantum chromodynamics with a cut-of at ~〖10〗^2 GeV. This conclusion is reached by the analogy between general relativity and quantum chromodynamics at one hand, and Newtonian point particle classical mechanics and Helmholtz line vortex dynamics at the other hand.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1400] viXra:1810.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-06 04:24:58

Supermassive Black Holes Have Very Small Mass. Dark Matter Mass, Energy and Gravitation

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 215 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass” Adrian Ferent “Mass–energy equivalence for Dark Matter: E = md × vp^2 “ Adrian Ferent “Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: md = m × c^2 / vp^2 ” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole” Adrian Ferent “Everything what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass, because the Gravitons inside the Supermassive Black Holes have high energy” Adrian Ferent “Dark Photons are faster than light, have higher frequencies than photons” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is not 8.2 × 10^36 kg, it is 7.3 × 10^19 kg” Adrian Ferent “Sun’s core is Ferent Matter with the mass much smaller than the Sun’s mass, but with much higher energy than Sun’s energy” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent “The electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent “Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN” Adrian Ferent “Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent We know that all forms of energy contribute to the gravitational field generated by an object, because all forms of energy interact gravitationally. For massless particles with zero rest mass, their relativistic mass is their relativistic energy divided by c^2. 85% of the matter in the universe is Dark Matter. “Everything what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent Mass–energy equivalence for matter: E = m × c^2 I am the first who calculated the Dark Matter energy: “Mass–energy equivalence for Dark Matter: E = md × vp^2 “ Adrian Ferent Where md is the Dark Matter mass and vp is the Dark Photons speed. “The speed of Dark Photons is vp = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s” Adrian Ferent Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains: “The Gravitons and the Dark Photons are faster than light” Adrian Ferent “Black Holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…that Supermassive Black Holes have very big mass! “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass” Adrian Ferent I am the first who calculated the Dark Matter mass: How I calculated that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: This means: “Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: md = m × c^2 / vp^2” Adrian Ferent This is impossible in Einstein Gravitation theory, because Einstein Gravitation theory is wrong. “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass, because the Gravitons inside the Supermassive Black Holes have high energy” Adrian Ferent “Dark Photons are faster than light, have higher frequencies than photons” Adrian Ferent You learned that Milky Way galaxy has a supermassive Black Hole, 4.1 million solar masses, 8.2 × 10^36 kg, at its center, 26000 light-years from the Solar System. “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is not 8.2 × 10^36 kg, it is 7.3 × 10^19 kg” Adrian Ferent The mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is 7.3 × 10^19 kg, much smaller than the Moon mass. “I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole” Adrian Ferent How I explained before: “Sun’s core is Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Matter is Dark Matter with density higher than Planck density” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles are created around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Unification between Matter and Dark Matter: Adrian Ferent “Stars and planets contain Dark Matter in proportion to their mass” Adrian Ferent This means: “Sun’s core is Ferent Matter with the mass much smaller than the Sun’s mass, but with much higher energy than Sun’s energy” Adrian Ferent This is a very important discovery in Particle Physics: “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent That is why: “The electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent “Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN” Adrian Ferent That is why: “Without Ferent Matter, there is no Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is right and Einstein Gravitation theory, String theory, LQG… are wrong theories. 108. I am the first who discovered that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass 109. I am the first who discovered the Mass–energy equivalence for Dark Matter: E = md × vp^2 110. I am the first who calculated that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: md = m × c^2 / vp^2 111. I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole 112. I am the first who explained that everything you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong 113. I am the first who calculated that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass, because the Gravitons inside the Supermassive Black Holes have high energy 114. I am the first who discovered that Dark Photons are faster than light, have higher frequencies than photons 115. I am the first who calculated that the mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is not 8.2 × 10^36 kg, it is 7.3 × 10^19 kg 116. I am the first who discovered that Sun’s core is Ferent Matter with the mass much smaller than the Sun’s mass, but with much higher energy than Sun’s energy 117. I am the first who discovered that the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy 118. I am the first who explained that the electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy 119. I am the first who explained because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN 120. I am the first who explained that Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1399] viXra:1810.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-02 22:49:04

《Universal and Unified Physics》

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 120 Pages.

For the first time in mankind, Theory of Unified and Universal Physics is philosophically and mathematically revealed the workings of Universal Topology and Laws of Conservations. The nature of dark energies unfolds its Event Operations systematically on the origin of physical states. These principles convey and unfold the laws of topological framework, universal equations, symmetric continuity, and asymmetric dynamics systematically at the remarks of the following groundbreakings:

  • Complex Manifold in a duality of contravariance and covariance
  • Constitution of Transform Generators and Transport Torques
  • Formulations of World Equations and Universal Fields
  • Fluxions of quantum scalar and vector potential Entanglements
  • Laws of Conservation of Photon and of Graviton Fields
  • Symmetric Fields of Gravitation, Electromagnetism, Thermodynamics, and Blackhold 
  • Law of Field Evolutions - Double Loops of Triple Entanglements 
  • Asymmetric Dynamics of Ontology and Cosmology

The application of an evolutionary process to contemporary theoretical physics therefore demonstrates a holistic picture of the principal equations, empirical assumptions, and essential artifacts. It prompts the entire discipline of physics, from Newtonian to spacetime relativity to quantum mechanics, to look back to the future: Virtumanity - Dialectical Nature of Virtual and Physical Duality.

Intuitively following the system of yinyang philosophy, this holistic theory is concisely accessible and replicable by readers with a basic background in mathematical derivation and theoretical physics. As a summary,《Universal and Unified Physics》completes and unifies all of the principal equations, important assumptions, and essential laws, discovered and described by the classical and modern physics, and beyond.    


Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1398] viXra:1809.0596 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-30 12:50:26

Emergent Spacetime and Matter, Unified Field Theory

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 25 Pages.

An axiomatic deterministic theory of physics based on a single scalar field was proposed. In the theory model at the fundamental level there is no time and dynamics. It is shown how space-time with matter and fields emerge in this model. It is shown that the anthropic principle emerges as a consequence of the theory. The causality principle is derived as a consequence of the main principles of the theory. All three Newton's equations are obtained as consequences of the theory and in the nonrelativistic approximation. Mass, energy and other concepts of mechanics were obtained. The Schrödinger equation is derived. An explanation of the nature of particle spin is proposed. It is shown that the maximum speed of interactions must be finite and be the same in all inertial frames of reference. It is shown that the light speed and the maximum speed of interactions are exactly equal. A special theory of relativity with all its equations is obtained. The Klein-Gordon-Fock equations and, with some assumptions, the Dirac equations are obtained. Particles interaction is considered. There were given explanations of what virtual particles and quanta of field interactions are, and how renormalization works in quantum field theory. Seemingly fundamental interactions, such as strong, weak and electromagnetic are shown. Maxwell's equations are obtained, with some assumptions. It is shown that the standard model does not contradict the proposed theory. The nature of gravitation is considered. A strong equivalence principle is proved, all assumptions on which the general theory of relativity is based are proved. Based on this, it can be argued that the equations of the general relativity theory satisfy the theory of emergent space-time-matter. It is shown that gravity can not have quanta. Thus, this theory asserts that no theory of quantum gravity can exist. An explanation of the origin of the universe is proposed. An explanation is offered for the nature of dark energy and dark matter. Physical foundations of mathematics are considered.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1397] viXra:1809.0565 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-28 14:46:48

Without Ferent Matter, there is no Gravitation

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 202 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Without Ferent Matter, there is no Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter interacts only gravitationally with matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Matter is Dark Matter with density higher than Planck density” Adrian Ferent “Because inside the black holes, Gravitational force is much stronger than the Strong nuclear force, nobody was able to explain Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “The most difficult topic in Science is Gravitation, because Newton, Einstein… tried to explain it without success!” Adrian Ferent “Sun’s core is Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Matter is matter with density higher than Planck density” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles are created around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Unification between Matter and Dark Matter: Adrian Ferent “Stars and planets contain Dark Matter in proportion to their mass” Adrian Ferent “Matter was created from Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Matter is in the core of stars and planets” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Matter is responsible for the Gravitational interactions in the Universe” Adrian Ferent A bigger star contains more Ferent Matter! Ferent Matter is high density Dark Matter: Ferent density ≥ Ferent matter density > Planck density Planck density at Planck wall. Ferent density at Ferent wall. “Ferent Matter is Dark Matter with density higher than Planck density” Adrian Ferent At Ferent wall due to the extraordinarily small scale of the universe at that time, Gravitation was the only physical interaction. At Ferent wall were created Ferent matter and gravitons. Only a small percentage of Ferent matter becomes matter at Planck wall. This means high density Dark Matter is Ferent Matter, interacts only gravitationally with matter. I explained that: “Dark Matter interacts only gravitationally with matter” Adrian Ferent “Only the Gravitons emitted by Ferent Matter have the energy and the momentum to attract planets, stars, galaxies” Adrian Ferent “Black Holes are Ferent matter” Adrian Ferent Graviton momentum > Photon momentum The graviton energy emitted by black holes: E = a×ν E > 4.14559 × 10^5 GeV “Inside the black holes, Gravitational force is much stronger than the Strong nuclear force” Adrian Ferent “Because inside the black holes, Gravitational force is much stronger than the Strong nuclear force, nobody was able to explain Gravitation” Adrian Ferent You learned that Gravitation is the weakest of the four fundamental forces. “I am the first who Quantized the Gravitational Field!” Adrian Ferent “I quantized the Gravitational Field with gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…that Earth's gravity comes from all its mass. Matter looks like foam or bubbles in contrast with Ferent matter, that is why: “Without Ferent Matter, there is no Gravitation” Adrian Ferent 103. I am the first who discovered that without Ferent Matter (high density Dark Matter), there is no Gravitation 104. I am the first who explained that the most difficult topic in Science is Gravitation, because Newton, Einstein… tried to explain it without success 105. I am the first who explained that because inside the black holes, Gravitational force is much stronger than the Strong nuclear force, nobody was able to explain Gravitation 106. I am the first who explained that Ferent Matter is Dark Matter with density higher than Planck density 107. I am the first who explained that Dark Matter interacts only gravitationally with matter
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1396] viXra:1809.0498 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-25 04:58:22

Bohm's Potential, Classical/Quantum Duality and Repulsive Gravity

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 12 Pages. submitted to Physics Letters B

We propose the notion of a classical/quantum $duality$ in the gravitational case (it can be extended to other interactions). By this one means $exchanging$ Bohm's quantum potential for the classical potential $ V_Q \leftrightarrow V $ in the stationary quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation (QHJE) so that $ V_Q + V = - V_0$ ($V_0$ is the ground state energy). Despite that the corresponding Schr\"{o}dinger equations, and their solutions differ, their associated quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation, and $ground$ state energy remains the $same$. This is how the classical/quantum duality is implemented. In this scenario Bohm's quantum potential (which coincides with the attractive Newtonian potential) is now correlated to a classical $repulsive$ gravitational potential (plus a constant ). These results suggest that there might be a $quantum$ origin to the classical $repulsive$ gravitational behavior (of the accelerated expansion) of the universe which is based on this notion of classical/quantum $duality$.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1395] viXra:1809.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 23:17:01

Gravito-Electromagnetism Derived Mathematically from Newton’s Law Electromagnetism/gravito-Electromagnetism Duality

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 10 Pages. Mathematically derive Maxwell-type gravity-electromagnetism which can be easily quantized

In this article, we utilize the mathematic approach, which has been utilized to re-derive Maxwell equation mathematically from the Gauss/Coulomb’s law, to demonstrate that, by applying Newton’s law, the magnetic-type gravitational field exists mathematically. Namely, since a stationary gravitational charge satisfies Newton’s law, its motion generates inevitably an axial gravito-magnetic field and an axial gravito-electric field; call Gravito-electromagnetism. This mathematical derivation proves the famous sentence, “The world is built mathematically”. The so derived Electromagnetism and Gravito-electromagnetism disclose mathematically an intrinsic duality between electromagnetic force and gravitational force, which are the only two long-range forces in the Nature. The Electromagnetism/Gravito-electromagnetism duality can serves as the base for the advanced dualities between the two and for the unification of the two.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1394] viXra:1809.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 04:26:49

The Quantum/Classical Connection

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 11 pages

By way of the Quantum/Classical Connection, the radii of nearby G and K-type Main Sequence stars map onto the atomic masses of Period 4 transition metals while the masses of the stars map onto the atomic radii of the same elements.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1393] viXra:1809.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 07:26:48

Gravitational Waves Extra Dimensions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

While last year's discovery of gravitational waves from colliding neutron stars was earth-shaking, it won't add extra dimensions to our understanding of the universe—not literal ones, at least. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1392] viXra:1809.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 23:06:26

Constraining the Standard Model in Motivic Quantum Gravity

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 9 Pages. For the proceedings of Group32, Prague, July 2018

A physical approach to a category of motives must account for the emergent nature of spacetime, where real and complex numbers play a secondary role to discrete operations in quantum computation. In quantum logic, the cardinality of a set is initially replaced by a dimension of a linear space, making contact with the increasing dimensions in an operad. The operad of associahedra governs tree level scattering, and is closely related to the permutohedra and cube tiles, where cube vertices can encode components of a spinor in higher dimensional octonionic approaches. A study of rest mass generation begins with the cosmological infrared scale, set by the neutrino masses, and its related see-saw mechanism. We employ the anyonic ribbon spectrum for Standard Model states, and consider its relation to magic star algebras, giving a context for the Koide rest mass phenomenology of charged leptons and quarks.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1391] viXra:1809.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 04:21:39

Apparent Violation of the Second Law, Around Black Hole Nuclei and Other Quantum Knots.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 13 Pages.

Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory is a Rigid String Theory which states, that there are no singular string based repulsion forces or attraction forces. Attraction forces should be the result of the dual effect of two opposing photon pulses on a stringy Fermion. As a consequence, only the result of two opposing photons impinging on Fermions has to count as a quantum force and the so called “Feynman diagrams” should be adapted. In Q-FFF Theory, the vacuum is seeded with fast oscillating massless Axion/Higgs particles, oscillating along a complex chiral tetrahedral vacuum lattice, which has the ability to transfer Photon and Graviton information in wavelength bunches of oscillations, through the vacuum lattice with the local (mass related) speed of light and the origin of the so called Dark Energy observed e.g. in the Casimir effect. At the same time, only the sum of the different kinds of vacuum impulses with the local vacuum oscillation spectrum coming from all directions on Fermions are responsible for all energetic phenomena in the universe. So, we may call this force a fifth force as it opposes and interacts or compensates all Photon/Gluon pressure effects on fermions in the universe. The gravity around Black Holes is assumed to be based only on the zero point oscillation spectrum from outside the black hole without the opposing repulsive gravitons coming out of the black hole. Black holes don’t emit gravitons, consequently they are massless and harbor a nucleus of massless Axion/Higgs based Quantum vacuum knots only able to absorb the incoming oscillating vacuum particles and polarize the surrounding vacuum structure. The polarization of the local vacuum is also origin of the black hole repulsion horizon of all propeller shaped Fermions at a certain distance from the nucleus and even the creation of fermions and baryons ( plasma) out of the local vacuum. Reason to accept that the vacuum energy around dark matter black holes ( fifth force) combined with the propeller shape of fermions, is the origin of apparent violation of the second law, (entropy decrease) observed on earth and in space. Examples are: plasma tails of Ball lightning and (micro) Comets and Proplyds.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1390] viXra:1809.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 18:59:30

How an Artificial Kerr-Newman Black Hole Can Release Gravitational Waves

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 38 Pages. will be received by Christian Corda who will reccomend what to do with this paper

We initiate a model of an artificially induced Kerr-Newman black Holes, with specific angular momentum J, and then from there model was to what would happen as to an effective charge, Q, creating an E and B field, commensurate with the release of GWs. The idea is that using a frame of reference trick, plus E + i B = - function of the derivative of a complex valued scalar field, as given by Appell, in 1887, and reviewed by Whittaker and Watson, 1927 of their “A Course of Modern Analysis” tome that a first principle identification of a B field, commensurate with increase of thermal temperature, T, so as to have artificially induced GW production. This is compared in part with the Park 1955 paper of a spinning rod, producing GW, with the proviso that both the spinning rod paper, and this artificial Kerr-Newman Black hole will employ the idea of lasers in implementation of their respective GW radiation. The idea is in part partly similar to an idea the author discussed with Dr. Robert Baker, in 2016 with the difference that a B field would be generated and linked to effects linked with induced spin to the Kerr - Newman Black hole. We close with some observations about the “black holes have no hair” theorem, and our problem. Citing some recent suppositions that this “theorem” may not be completely true and how that may relate to our experimental situation. We close with observations from Haijicek, 2008 as which may be pertinent to Quantization of Gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1389] viXra:1809.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-06 10:30:14

Anti-Information and Ghost Fields

Authors: John Peel
Comments: 25 Pages. I can be contacted at jpeel01@hotmail.com

Here the author attempts to give a unified picture of the multiverse and our universe in particular. The concept of AntiInformation is introduced and the existence of ghost fields, which are logical constructs is proposed. This unifies general relativity with quantum mechanics. This is a good read for physicists with an undergrad education. The paper is on Vixra while awaiting publication in a journal.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1388] viXra:1809.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-04 05:51:04

The Elementary Particles Contain Dark Matter

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 195 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The photons contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “I unified Electromagnetism and Gravity with Ferent equation for the energy of a photon E = h × f + a × f ” Adrian Ferent Where: h – is the Planck constant a – is the Ferent constant In this equation the Dark Matter term is a × f , this means the photons contain Dark Matter. “The photons contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent Because of mass-energy equivalence, the rest energy of a particle it is E = mc2, and because the photons contains Dark Matter this imply that all the particles contain Dark Matter. Because all the elementary particles have Gravitational Field, this means all of them have a Dark Matter component in their equations, this means all the elementary particles contain Dark Matter. “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Black holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent Physicists today plagiarize my Gravitation theory, all of theom say: ‘Black holes are Dark matter’, stolen from my Gravitation theory. The Physicists do not know what is Dark Matter, but they know that ‘Black holes are Dark matter’; it is amazing how far can go the plagiarism today! This equation unify Matter with Dark Matter! 101. I am the first who discovered that all the elementary particles contain Dark Matter 102. I am the first who unified Matter with Dark Matter
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1387] viXra:1809.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-04 19:04:25

Elementary Particles, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, Cosmology, and Galaxy Evolution

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 26 Pages.

We suggest united models and specific predictions regarding elementary particles, dark matter, dark energy, aspects of the cosmology timeline, and aspects of galaxy evolution. Results include specific predictions for new elementary particles and specific descriptions of dark matter and dark energy. Some modeling matches known elementary particles and extrapolates to predict other elementary particles, including bases for dark matter. Some models complement traditional quantum field theory. Some modeling features Hamiltonian mathematics and originally de-emphasizes motion. We incorporate results from traditional motion-centric and action-based Lagrangian math into our Hamiltonian-centric framework. Our modeling framework features mathematics for isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1386] viXra:1808.0671 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-30 08:42:10

Measure the Gravitational Constant

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in China and one in Russia has devised two new ways to measure the gravitational constant. [9] The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1385] viXra:1808.0600 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-28 00:02:53

Emergent Spacetime and Matter, Unified Field Theory (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 27 Pages.

An axiomatic deterministic theory of physics based on a single scalar field is proposed. In the theory model at the fundamental level there is no time and there is no dynamics. It is shown how in this model space and time arises with matter and fields. It is shown that the anthropic principle arises as a consequence of the theory. The principle of causality is derived as a consequence of the main provisions of the theory. All three Newton's equations are obtained, as consequences of the theory and in the nonrelativistic approximation. Mass, energy and other concepts of mechanics were obtained. The Schrödinger equation is derived. An explanation of the nature of particle spin is proposed. It is shown that the maximum speed of interactions must be finite and be the same in all inertial frames of reference. It is shown that the speed of light and the maximum speed of interactions are exactly equal. A special theory of relativity with all its equations is obtained. The Klein-Gordon-Fock equations and, with some assumptions, the Dirac equations are obtained. The interaction of particles is considered. It is explained what virtual particles are, what are quant of field interactions, how renormalization works in quantum field theory. It is shown that such seemingly fundamental interactions, such as strong, weak and electromagnetic. Maxwell's equations are obtained, with some assumptions. It is shown that the standard model does not contradict the proposed theory. The nature of gravitation is considered. A strong equivalence principle is proved, all assumptions on which the general theory of relativity is based are proved. On the basis of this, it can be argued that the equations of the general theory of relativity satisfy the theory of generated space-time-matter. It is shown that gravity can not have quants. Thus, this theory asserts that no theory of quantum gravity can exist. An explanation of the origin of the universe is proposed. An explanation is offered for the nature of dark energy and dark matter. The physical foundations of mathematics are considered.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1384] viXra:1808.0565 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-27 01:49:44

The Accelerated Expansion of the Universe is Explained by Quantum Field Theory.

Authors: Elkin Igor
Comments: 5 Pages. ielkin@yandex.ru

Formulas describing interactions, in fact, use the limiting speed of information transfer, and not the speed of light. This speed depends, both on the speed of light itself and on the expansion of the universe by Hubble. This leads to the fact that the limiting speed of information transfer varies depending on the distance and depending on the local site in question. This gives a different interaction when the particles are repelled from each other and when they are attracted. This leads to the appearance of a nonzero residual interaction. And this leads to an explanation of the accelerated expansion.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1383] viXra:1808.0564 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-27 01:52:08

Ускоренное расширение Вселенной объясняет квантовая теория поля.

Authors: Elkin Igore Vladimirovich
Comments: 7 Pages. ielkin@yandex.ru

Формулы, описывающие взаимодействия, на самом деле используют предельную скорость передачи информации, а не скорость света. Эта скорость зависит, как от самой скорости света, так и от расширения Вселенной по Хабблу. Это приводит к тому, что предельная скорость передачи информации меняется в зависимости от расстояния и в зависимости от рассматриваемого локального участка. Это дает различное взаимодействие при отталкивании частиц друг от друга и при их притяжении. Что приводит к появлению не нулевого остаточного взаимодействия. А это приводит к объяснению ускоренного расширения.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1382] viXra:1808.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-19 11:05:44

Quantum Field Theory Explains the Accelerated Expansion of the Universe.

Authors: Elkin Igor
Comments: 4 Pages. ieelkin@yandex.ru

Expansion of the universe by Hubble, allows you to calculate the expansion at a minimum distance. This leads to the fact that the limiting speed of information transfer varies depending on the distance and depending on the local site in question. This gives a different interaction when the particles are repelled from each other and when they are attracted. This leads to the appearance of a nonzero residual interaction. And this leads to an explanation of the accelerated expansion.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1381] viXra:1808.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-17 08:30:24

Equivalence Principle in the Quantum World

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

In a state unique to quantum physics, energy and mass can exist in a 'quantum superposition' – as if they consisted of two different values 'at the same time'. [11] Scientists at the University of British Columbia have proposed a radical new theory to explain the exponentially increasing size of the universe. [10] Researchers playing with a cloud of ultracold atoms uncovered behavior that bears a striking resemblance to the universe in microcosm. [9] Gravitational waves may be produced in the heart of the galaxy, says a new study led by Ph.D. student Joseph Fernandez at Liverpool John Moores University. [8] Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community— it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1380] viXra:1808.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-15 07:17:14

Quantum Field Theory Explains the Accelerated Expansion of the Universe.quantum Field Theory Explains the Accelerated Expansion of the Universe.

Authors: Elkin Igor Vladimirovich
Comments: 6 Pages. ielkin@yandex.ru

Expansion of the universe by Hubble, allows you to calculate the expansion at a minimum distance. This leads to the fact that the limiting speed of information transfer varies depending on the distance and depending on the local site in question. This gives a different interaction when the particles are repelled from each other and when they are attracted. This leads to the appearance of a nonzero residual interaction. And this leads to an explanation of the accelerated expansion.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1379] viXra:1808.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-14 08:40:38

R x C x H x O-valued Gravity as a Grand Unified Field Theory

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 16 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

We argue how {\bf R} $\otimes$ {\bf C} $\otimes$ {\bf H} $\otimes$ {\bf O}-valued Gravity naturally can describe a grand unified field theory of Einstein's gravity with an $ U(8)$ Yang-Mills theory. In particular, it allows for an extension of the Standard Model by including a $3$-family $SU(3)_F$ symmetry group and an extra $ U(1)$ symmetry. A unification of left-right $SU(3)_L \times SU(3)_R$, color $SU(3)_C$ and family $SU(3)_F$ symmetries in a maximal rank-$8$ subgroup of $E_8$ has been proposed by \cite{Molina} as a landmark for future explorations beyond the Standard Model. It is warranted to explore further if this latter model also admits a similar gravitational interpretation based on the above composition of normed division algebras. Furthermore, our construction leads also to a $bimetric$ theory of gravity which may have a role in dark energy. The crux of this approach is that we have $replaced$ the Kaluza-Klein prescription to generate gauge symmetries in lower dimensions from isometries of the internal manifold, by $U (8)$ isometry transformations of the {\bf R} $\otimes$ {\bf C} $\otimes$ {\bf H} $\otimes$ {\bf O}-valued metric.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1378] viXra:1808.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-11 05:43:21

The Origin of the Gravitational Force, Inertia and Kinematics of Comic Bodies

Authors: Wei Fan
Comments: 12 Pages.

In physics, the mysterious origin of the gravitational force, inertia and the source of the kinetic energy of stars have long been unsolved problems. In the recent research,I have tried to jump out of the constraint of Newton’s laws and classical mechanics and tried to figure out sources of those universal laws with Potential Theory, and eventually solved problems above.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1377] viXra:1808.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-10 14:58:42

Negative Mass Masquerading as Positive Mass; and What Happened to All the Antimatter?

Authors: Austin J. Fearnley
Comments: 4 Pages.

All masses measured in a laboratory using simple measurement methods must give outcomes as positive or zero masses. A method is given in principle to determine between negative and positive masses for matter and antimatter particle pairs. Negative mass masquerades as positive mass and simple measurements would always show negative mass to have apparent positive mass. This means that antimatter particles could have negative masses despite measurements showing them to have positive masses. If antimatter has negative mass masquerading as positive mass then antimatter cannot form lumps in the same way that matter does. Antimatter would then be the main component of dark energy, which would answer the question of what happened to all the antimatter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1376] viXra:1808.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-05 09:22:19

Earth’s Core is High Density Dark Matter

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 185 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Earth’s core is high density Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Moon’s core is high density Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Earth’s core is Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent “Moon’s core is Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent “The Earth is high density Dark Matter, surrounded by bubbles of Matter” Adrian Ferent “The Earth is Ferent Matter, surrounded by bubbles of Matter” Adrian Ferent “The Moon is Ferent Matter, surrounded by bubbles of Matter” Adrian Ferent This means: “High density Dark Matter is responsible for the Gravitational interactions in the Universe” Adrian Ferent “I explained the Gravitational force between Earth and Moon, mediated by Gravitons” Adrian Ferent Moon mass: 7.3 × 10^22 kg Distance from the center of the Earth to the center of the Moon is 384,400,000 m Gravitational force between Moon and Earth: 1.9 × 10^20 N The gravitational potential energy between Moon and Earth: 7.6 × 10^28 J What is the energy of the Gravitons emitted by the Moon? I calculated before that the frequency of the Gravitons emitted by Earth must be smaller than: ν < 4.176×10^56 Hz I consider the Moon made of electrons. The Moon is made of 8 × 10^52 electrons Each electron emits a Graviton. The energy of each Graviton: 9.5 × 10^(-25) J Graviton energy: a×f This means the frequency of the Gravitons emitted by the Moon: 5.9 × 10^51 Hz I calculated before that the frequency of the Gravitons emitted by Earth, Moon must be smaller than: ν < 4.176×10^56 Hz This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is right! Now I have to calculate the gravitational potential energy between 2 electrons, one on Moon and one on Earth; this is the energy of one graviton: Eg = 5.49 × 10^(-77) J Because Eg << 9.5 × 10^(-25) J, matter does not have influence on the Gravitational force between Moon and Earth. That is why: “Earth’s core is high density Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Moon’s core is high density Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent Because only high density Dark Matter, emits Gravitons with the energy equal or higher to 9.5 × 10^(-25) J. “Ferent matter is Dark matter with density higher than Planck density” Adrian Ferent This means: “Earth’s core is Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent “Moon’s core is Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent Matter looks like foam or bubbles in contrast with Ferent matter that is why: “The Earth is high density Dark Matter, surrounded by bubbles of Matter” Adrian Ferent “The Moon is high density Dark Matter, surrounded by bubbles of Matter” Adrian Ferent The Earth’s Dark Matter density is much smaller than Black Holes’ Dark Matter density, because: “The energy of the Gravitons inside a black hole, is much higher than the energy of the gluons” Adrian Ferent “The Earth is Ferent Matter, surrounded by bubbles of Matter” Adrian Ferent “The Moon is Ferent Matter, surrounded by bubbles of Matter” Adrian Ferent This means: “High density Dark Matter is responsible for the Gravitational interactions in the Universe” Adrian Ferent 90. I am the first who discovered that Earth’s core is high density Dark Matter 91. I am the first who discovered that Moon’s core is high density Dark Matter 92. I am the first who discovered that Earth’s core is Ferent Matter 93. I am the first who discovered that the Earth is high density Dark Matter, surrounded by bubbles of Matter 94. I am the first who discovered that the Moon is high density Dark Matter, surrounded by bubbles of Matter 95. I am the first who discovered that the Earth is Ferent Matter, surrounded by bubbles of Matter 96. I am the first who discovered that high density Dark Matter is responsible for the Gravitational interactions in the Universe 97. I am the first who discovered that Ferent Matter is responsible for the Gravitational interactions in the Universe
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1375] viXra:1807.0519 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-31 18:49:19

Proton Electron Universe and Their Directions of Force

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 15 Pages.

Lately we found that the proton is most associated with gravitation and the electron with charge. In this paper we find that gravitation is from a force in just one direction, associated with the mass of the proton and the electron, and charge is from a force in a combination of the x, y, and z perpendicular directions. This paper shows that the force of charge and gravity can be modeled from a sphere, indicating granulated granular spacetime. Planck Spinning Spheres, (Planck) packed in a cuboctahedron structure, where many spheres are combined to produce the fabric of space. The Planck would be made of smaller Spheres called Kaluza Spinning Spheres (Kaluza). The calculations, herein, imply spacetime to be discrete. Virtual Angular Momentum is transferred to the Continuous Discrete Spacetime that is activated by the appropriate environment. This discrete Virtual Angular Momentum is modeled by equations developed herein. The modeling equations between charge and gravity use the same spherical model. This model: proposes a new definition of the fine structure constant in section IV; proposes a proton charge radius in section V; gives meaning to some Planck dimensions in section VI; predictions can be made about approximate values for the age of the universe and or the size of the Hubble Sphere Universe (Hubble) in section VII; Proposes ideas that may be used to help prove the idea of “Discrete Calculations of Charge and Gravity with Planck and Kaluza and a cuboctahedron, vector equilibrium, sub-structure of the universe and relate to wrapped up dimensions in section VIII; The equations will explore the mystery of the constants of nature as did John D. Barrow.(5) Due to these predictions, that may be validated and/or refined in the future, this model may deserve further investigation. These calculations bring back the Dirac’s large number hypothesis (15) and relationships similar to the Koide formula. (16) Below are summarized the simplified equations modeling the Planck for charge and gravity constructed in section II and III.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1374] viXra:1807.0518 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-30 12:19:09

Generalised Quantum-Electrodynamics: A Theory of Quantum Gravity.

Authors: Sp Cottle
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this model the force of gravity is mediated by the electron, the W+ and the W- particle. The electron, from its bound state around a nucleus, tunnels into other atoms and exerts a force of attraction over the proton(s) in the nucleus of those atoms. This attractive force amounts to the exchange of a W+ boson to, or from, the nucleus. To make this consistent with quantum mechanics, the electron in its bound state must tunnel roughly once every Planck time.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

Replacements of recent Submissions

[1221] viXra:1812.0030 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-03 19:09:03

The Unit Strong Force in Sphere Theory Granular Spacetime

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is made of spheres that are made of spheres perhaps indefinitely. It is the discontinuities in the spheres that give rise to imperfection and make the universe interesting. The equations, so far have shown the forces from elementary charge, weak charge, and gravity. This paper shows the building of the equation for the unit strong force. The unit strong force is the force of one strong force carrier at its closest interaction. The unit strong force has a very short distance of action as the attraction loops back on itself very quickly due to its extreme strength that basically pulls apart space and makes new quarks. The equation developed herein is only for the force at its closest interaction, which is strong enough to hold the protons and neutrons and other nucleons together within the nucleus of the atom. An article from Nature “The pressure distribution inside the proton”[1] states the peak pressure is on the order of Pascals. This peak pressure can be converted to a force, which the author proposes is mostly due to the strong force.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1220] viXra:1811.0201 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-24 21:19:36

Holographic Interval of Space-Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 5 Pages.

The emergence of space-time from a common Hilbert space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1219] viXra:1811.0201 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-20 01:57:07

Holographic Interval of Space-Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 4 Pages.

The emergence of space-time from a common Hilbert space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1218] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-25 00:31:39

Fine-Tuning Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis and Confirms Coherent Cosmology, Eddington's and String Theory

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 8 Pages.

Fine tuning relations using Eddington number 137 and the central mathematical constants e, pi, gamma connect with the Fermi coupling constant, the muon and tau masses, and the G value. The latter is compatible, within 10^-7 with the G value deduced from the Coherent Cosmology, and within 10^-9 to the electron magnetic moment. The formula simplify by introducing a super Euler - constant, and show a 9D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory, while c-free analysis confirms the Topological Axis and the tachyonic Bosonic String Theory, with emphasis on a 30 dimension Space, connected through triple Bott reduction with a massive Gluon in 6 dimension space. The 26 sporadic groups are tied to the three microphysics coupling constant and the gauge group dimension 496, whose square give the Higgs boson/Electron mass ratio. The Baby-Monster is directly tied to the observable Universe. The Monster Group, whose cardinal order is directly tied to Rydbergh energy appears in the c-free analysis giving the overall periodicity of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. This confirms the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis and Eddington's rehabilitation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1217] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-23 10:38:34

Fine-Tuning Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis and Confirms Coherent Cosmology, Eddington's and String Theory

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 7 Pages.

Fine tuning relations using Eddington number 137 connect with the Fermi coupling constant, the muon mass, the electron magnetic moment and the G value, compatible within 10^-7 with G deduced from the Coherent Cosmology. The tachyonic Bosonic String Theory is confirmed by c-free analysis, with emphasis on a 30 dimension Space. This confirms Eddington's rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1216] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-22 02:26:40

Atiyah Approach Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis and Confirms Coherent Cosmology, Eddington's and String Theories

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 7 Pages.

Fine tuning relations using Atiyah constant and Eddington number 137 connect with the Fermi coupling constant, the muon mass, the electron magnetic moment and the G value, compatible within 10^-7 with G deduced from the Coherent Cosmology. This shows a 9D and 6D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory, while the tachyonic Bosonic String Theory is confirmed by c-free analysis, with emphasis on a 30 dimension Space. This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1215] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-21 03:31:43

Atiyah Approach Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis and Confirms Coherent Cosmology, Eddington's and String Theories

Authors: Atiyah Approach excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis, confirms Coherent Cosmology, Eddington's, String Theories
Comments: 6 Pages.

Fine tuning relations using Atiyah cosnstant and Eddington number 137 connect with the Fermi coupling constant, the muon mass and the G value, in 10-9 compatibility with both the Coherent Cosmology G value and the electron magnetic moment. This shows a 9D and 6D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory, while the tachyonic Bosonic one is confirmed by c-free analysis, with emphasis on a 30 dimension Space. This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1214] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-19 09:33:28

Atiyah Constant Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis and Confirm Eddington's and Superstring Theories

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10^-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10^-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. A symmetrical extension showing superstring 6D and 9D spaces gives a G value compatible with the Quinn measurement (2.5 × 10^-5), and the Coherent Cosmology value (10^-7), showing the superstring reduction from 9D to 3D. A very simple formula connects G and the electron magnetic moment to 10^-9. This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1213] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-16 23:37:25

Atiyah Constant Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis and Confirm Eddington's and Superstring Theories

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 2 Pages.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. A symmetrical extension showing superstring 6D and 9D spaces, showing the superstring reduction from 9D to 3D, gives a G value compatible with the Quinn measurement (2.5 × 10^-5) and the Coherent Cosmology value (10^-7). This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1212] viXra:1811.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-15 00:18:01

Atiyah Constant Excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 1 Page.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. A symmetrical extension showing superstring 6D and 9D spaces gives a G value compatible with the Quinn measurement (2.5 × 10-5), and the Coherent Cosmology value (10-7). This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1211] viXra:1810.0427 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-23 10:09:40

Galaxy Rotation Curve of Triangulum Galaxy (M-33) By Using New Quantum Gravity Theory

Authors: Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase
Comments: 7 Pages.

A detailed study of roatation curve of triangulum galaxy(M33) has been done using new quantum gravity theory.The new quantum gravity theory is based on baryonic matter only. This new theory is not based on the dark matter. Hence the existence of dark matter is rejected. The new theory is different from Newton’s gravitational theory or any other gravitational theory postulated at present. The new theory is non-relativistic theory in which space and time are constant and not related to each other. This theory is a quantum gravity theory in which gravity is made up of small quantas.It is observed that the theoretical rotational velocities curve form a cusp at the radius of 20 kly. This is a dominant and most important aspect of new quantum gravitational theory. The halo cusp problem cannot be solved by dark matter hypothesis. Inability to solve halo cusp problem is main drawback of dark matter hypothesis. This new quantum gravitational theory solves the halo cusp problem of rotation curve of galaxy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1210] viXra:1810.0427 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-07 22:47:42

Galaxy Rotation Curve of Triangulum Galaxy (M-33) By Using New Quantum Gravity Theory

Authors: Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase
Comments: 7 Pages.

A detailed study of roatation curve of triangulum galaxy(M33) has been done using new quantum gravity theory.The new quantum gravity theory is based on baryonic matter only. This new theory is not based on the dark matter. Hence the existence of dark matter is rejected. The new theory is different from Newton’s gravitational theory or any other gravitational theory postulated at present. The new theory is non-relativistic theory in which space and time are constant and not related to each other. This theory is a quantum gravity theory in which gravity is made up of small quantas.It is observed that the theoretical rotational velocities curve form a cusp at the radius of 20 kly. This is a dominant and most important aspect of new quantum gravitational theory. The halo cusp problem cannot be solved by dark matter hypothesis. Inability to solve halo cusp problem is main drawback of dark matter hypothesis. This new quantum gravitational theory solves the halo cusp problem of rotation curve of galaxy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1209] viXra:1810.0422 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-11 06:44:57

Wow! Signal Decoded as Foundations of Theory of Everything

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 14 Pages.

Here I show how to read the Wow! signal. There are three different motivated ways to divide the signal. The most important is the division which within the same rule leads to the degrees of freedom of the stable and meta-stable manifolds described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The SST manifolds appear at different levels of Nature. Wow! signal leads also to the angles in the neutrino-mixing matrix, to the fine-structure constant, to the asymptote for the coupling constant for the pure strong-weak interactions or to discoverer of the Planck constant, and so on. All listed here elements are the foundations of Theory of Everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1208] viXra:1810.0422 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-10 12:40:45

Wow! Signal Decoded as Foundations of Theory of Everything

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 13 Pages.

Here I show how to read the Wow! signal. There are three different motivated ways to divide the signal. The most important is the division which within the same rule leads to the degrees of freedom of the stable and meta-stable manifolds described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The SST manifolds appear at different levels of Nature. Wow! signal leads also to the angles in the neutrino-mixing matrix, to the fine-structure constant, to the asymptote for the coupling constant for the pure strong-weak interactions or to discoverer of the Planck constant, and so on. All listed here elements are the foundations of Theory of Everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1207] viXra:1810.0422 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-04 10:00:50

Wow! Signal Decoded as Foundations of Theory of Everything

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 11 Pages.

Here I show how to read the Wow! signal. There are three different motivated ways to divide the signal. The most important is the division which within the same rule leads to the degrees of freedom of the stable and meta-stable manifolds described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The SST manifolds appear at different levels of Nature. Wow! signal leads also to the angles in the neutrino-mixing matrix, to the fine-structure constant, to the asymptote for the coupling constant for the pure strong-weak interactions or to discoverer of the Planck constant, and so on. All listed here elements are the foundations of Theory of Everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1206] viXra:1810.0140 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-10 08:36:39

W and Z Boson Weak Force and Weak Charge in Granular Spacetime

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 7 Pages. Corrected Typos

This paper shows the magnitude of the weak force and weak charge with calculations and makes predictions of the weak charge. It also postulates that the weak force may be a result of w boson pairs and z boson pairs. Tommaso Dorigo discusses W boson pairs [2]. The equations to derive a value of weak charge to elementary charge in this paper seem to imply that weak charge, of .076447, may be the result of W boson pairs or perhaps .071776 of a Z boson pairs. This paper uses the cuboctahedron structure shown in “Proton Electron Universe and Their Directions of Force”[1]. We also show that the ratio of weak charge and elementary charge are simply the square root of the mass of the neutron to the mass of two times the w boson or perhaps two times the z boson or a combination of these two numbers.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1205] viXra:1810.0036 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-15 15:38:21

On a Possible Cause of Negative Sign of Gravitational Interaction Between Matter and Antimatter

Authors: Zbigniew Modrzejewski
Comments: 14 Pages. This is an open access scientific research paper distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution CC-BY (4.0 International) license.

Based on the mass-energy equivalence from special theory of relativity, we conjecture simple and clear framework for the purpose of conceptualizing atomic mass generation mechanism for a single hydrogen atom. We then apply it to see if it would offer conclusive clarification of the issue of the sign of gravitational interaction between the Earth and antihydrogen atoms at CERN. Our testable prediction is that the interaction will be conclusively repulsive, i.e. of equal and opposite magnitude as compared to the attractive one. We are confident that, if experimentally verified, our conjecture has sufficient potential to result in a theoretical basis of the first experimentally testable quantum gravity hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1204] viXra:1810.0016 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-28 19:13:36

《Universal and Unified Physics》

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 130 Pages.

For the first time in mankind, Theory of Unified and Universal Physics is philosophically and mathematically revealed the workings of Universal Topology and Laws of Conservations. The nature of dark energies unfolds its Event Operations systematically on the origin of physical states. These principles convey and unfold the laws of topological framework, universal equations, symmetric continuity, and asymmetric dynamics systematically at the remarks of the following groundbreakings:

  • Complex Manifold in a duality of contravariance and covariance
  • Constitution of Transform Generators and Transport Torques
  • Formulations of World Equations and Universal Fields
  • Fluxions of quantum scalar and vector potential Entanglements
  • Laws of Conservation of Photon and of Graviton Fields
  • Symmetric Fields of Gravitation, Electromagnetism, Thermodynamics, and Blackhold 
  • Law of Field Evolutions - Double Loops of Triple Entanglements 
  • Asymmetric Dynamics of Ontology and Cosmology

The application of an evolutionary process to contemporary theoretical physics therefore demonstrates a holistic picture of the principal equations, empirical assumptions, and essential artifacts. It prompts the entire discipline of physics, from Newtonian to spacetime relativity to quantum mechanics, to look back to the future: Virtumanity - Dialectical Nature of Virtual and Physical Duality.

Intuitively following the system of yinyang philosophy, this holistic theory is concisely accessible and replicable by readers with a basic background in mathematical derivation and theoretical physics. As a summary,《Universal and Unified Physics》completes and unifies all of the principal equations, important assumptions, and essential laws, discovered and described by the classical and modern physics, and beyond.    


Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1203] viXra:1810.0016 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-12 21:42:32

《Universal and Unified Physics》

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 132 Pages.

For the first time in mankind, Theory of Unified and Universal Physics is philosophically and mathematically revealed the workings of Universal Topology and Laws of Conservations. The nature of dark energies unfolds its Event Operations systematically on the origin of physical states. These principles convey and unfold the laws of topological framework, universal equations, symmetric continuity, and asymmetric dynamics systematically at the remarks of the following groundbreakings:

  • Complex Manifold in a duality of contravariance and covariance
  • Constitution of Transform Generators and Transport Torques
  • Formulations of World Equations and Universal Fields
  • Fluxions of quantum scalar and vector potential Entanglements
  • Laws of Conservation of Photon and of Graviton Fields
  • Symmetric Fields of Gravitation, Electromagnetism, Thermodynamics, and Blackhold 
  • Law of Field Evolutions - Double Loops of Triple Entanglements 
  • Asymmetric Dynamics of Ontology and Cosmology

The application of an evolutionary process to contemporary theoretical physics therefore demonstrates a holistic picture of the principal equations, empirical assumptions, and essential artifacts. It prompts the entire discipline of physics, from Newtonian to spacetime relativity to quantum mechanics, to look back to the future: Virtumanity - Dialectical Nature of Virtual and Physical Duality.

Intuitively following the system of yinyang philosophy, this holistic theory is concisely accessible and replicable by readers with a basic background in mathematical derivation and theoretical physics. As a summary,《Universal and Unified Physics》completes and unifies all of the principal equations, important assumptions, and essential laws, discovered and described by the classical and modern physics, and beyond.    


Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1202] viXra:1808.0600 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-30 12:43:03

Emergent Spacetime and Matter, Unified Field Theory (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 27 Pages.

An axiomatic deterministic theory of physics based on a single scalar field was proposed. In the theory model at the fundamental level there is no time and dynamics. It is shown how space-time with matter and fields emerge in this model. It is shown that the anthropic principle emerges as a consequence of the theory. The causality principle is derived as a consequence of the main principles of the theory. All three Newton's equations are obtained as consequences of the theory and in the nonrelativistic approximation. Mass, energy and other concepts of mechanics were obtained. The Schrödinger equation is derived. An explanation of the nature of particle spin is proposed. It is shown that the maximum speed of interactions must be finite and be the same in all inertial frames of reference. It is shown that the light speed and the maximum speed of interactions are exactly equal. A special theory of relativity with all its equations is obtained. The Klein-Gordon-Fock equations and, with some assumptions, the Dirac equations are obtained. Particles interaction is considered. There were given explanations of what virtual particles and quanta of field interactions are, and how renormalization works in quantum field theory. Seemingly fundamental interactions, such as strong, weak and electromagnetic are shown. Maxwell's equations are obtained, with some assumptions. It is shown that the standard model does not contradict the proposed theory. The nature of gravitation is considered. A strong equivalence principle is proved, all assumptions on which the general theory of relativity is based are proved. Based on this, it can be argued that the equations of the general relativity theory satisfy the theory of emergent space-time-matter. It is shown that gravity can not have quanta. Thus, this theory asserts that no theory of quantum gravity can exist. An explanation of the origin of the universe is proposed. An explanation is offered for the nature of dark energy and dark matter. Physical foundations of mathematics are considered.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1201] viXra:1808.0189 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-22 06:41:46

RxCxHxO-valued Gravity as a Grand Unified Field Theory

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 22 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

It is argued how {\bf R} $\otimes$ {\bf C} $\otimes$ {\bf H} $\otimes$ {\bf O}-valued Gravity (real-complex-quaterno-octonionic Gravity) naturally can describe a Grand Unified Field theory of Einstein's gravity with a Yang-Mills theory containing the Standard Model group $SU(3) \times SU(2) \times U(1)$. In particular, it leads to a $[SU(4)]^4$ symmetry group revealing the possibility of extending the standard model by introducing additional gauge bosons, heavy quarks and leptons, and an extra $fourth$ family of fermions. We finalize by displaying the analog of the Einstein-Hilbert action for ${\bf R} \otimes {\bf C} \otimes {\bf H} \otimes {\bf O}$-valued gravity via the use of matrices, and which is based on ``coloring" the graviton; i.e. by attaching internal indices to the metric $g_{\mu \nu}$. In the most general case, $U(16)$ arises as the isometry group, while $U(8)$ is the isometry group in the split-octonion case.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1200] viXra:1808.0189 [pdf] replaced on 2018-08-19 03:22:19

R x C x H x O-valued Gravity as a Grand Unified Field Theory

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 18 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

We argue how {\bf R} $\otimes$ {\bf C} $\otimes$ {\bf H} $\otimes$ {\bf O}-valued Gravity (real-complex-quaterno-octonionic Gravity) naturally can describe a grand unified field theory of Einstein's gravity with an $ U(8)$ Yang-Mills theory. In particular, it allows for an extension of the Standard Model by including a $3$-family $SU(3)_F$ symmetry group, a $SU(2)_R$ and an extra $ U(1)$ symmetry. A unification of left-right $SU(3)_L \times SU(3)_R$, color $SU(3)_C$ and family $SU(3)_F$ symmetries in a maximal rank-$8$ subgroup of $E_8$ has been proposed by \cite{Molina} as a landmark for future explorations beyond the Standard Model. It is warranted to explore further if this latter model also admits a similar gravitational interpretation based on the above composition of normed division algebras. Furthermore, our construction leads also to a $bimetric$ theory of gravity which may have a role in dark energy. The crux of this approach is that we have $replaced$ the Kaluza-Klein prescription to generate gauge symmetries in lower dimensions from isometries of the internal manifold, by the $U (8)$ isometry transformations of the {\bf R} $\otimes$ {\bf C} $\otimes$ {\bf H} $\otimes$ {\bf O}-valued metric. We finalize with a discussion on $U(16)$ Matrix Gravity (Geometry), String Theory and Division algebras.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1199] viXra:1808.0135 [pdf] replaced on 2018-08-15 16:33:06

Negative Mass Masquerading as Positive Mass; and What Happened to All the Antimatter?

Authors: Austin J. Fearnley
Comments: 7 Pages.

All masses measured in a laboratory using simple measurement methods must give outcomes as positive or zero masses. A method is given in principle to determine between negative and positive masses for matter and antimatter particle pairs. Negative mass masquerades as positive mass and simple measurements would always show negative mass to have apparent positive mass. This means that antimatter particles could have negative masses despite measurements showing them to have positive masses. If antimatter has negative mass masquerading as positive mass then antimatter cannot form lumps in the same way that matter does. Antimatter would then be the main component of dark energy, which would answer the question of what happened to all the antimatter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory