**Previous months:**

2007 - 0702(1) - 0703(2) - 0706(1) - 0707(2)

2008 - 0807(2) - 0808(3) - 0810(9)

2009 - 0903(1) - 0907(6) - 0908(25) - 0909(8) - 0910(13) - 0911(21) - 0912(12)

2010 - 1001(3) - 1002(1) - 1003(6) - 1004(3) - 1005(4) - 1006(5) - 1007(4) - 1008(3) - 1009(6) - 1010(6) - 1011(9) - 1012(6)

2011 - 1101(5) - 1102(3) - 1103(8) - 1104(5) - 1105(7) - 1106(5) - 1107(3) - 1108(8) - 1109(7) - 1110(6) - 1111(9) - 1112(17)

2012 - 1201(7) - 1202(10) - 1203(11) - 1204(6) - 1205(11) - 1206(8) - 1207(11) - 1208(14) - 1209(6) - 1210(10) - 1211(8) - 1212(1)

2013 - 1301(15) - 1302(18) - 1303(15) - 1304(16) - 1305(12) - 1306(6) - 1307(10) - 1308(13) - 1309(12) - 1310(5) - 1311(14) - 1312(11)

2014 - 1401(15) - 1402(12) - 1403(12) - 1404(5) - 1405(12) - 1406(11) - 1407(17) - 1408(11) - 1409(18) - 1410(16) - 1411(18) - 1412(13)

2015 - 1501(19) - 1502(14) - 1503(15) - 1504(9) - 1505(13) - 1506(15) - 1507(19) - 1508(15) - 1509(20) - 1510(27) - 1511(22) - 1512(18)

2016 - 1601(12) - 1602(28) - 1603(21) - 1604(18) - 1605(21) - 1606(18) - 1607(21) - 1608(24) - 1609(16) - 1610(17) - 1611(25) - 1612(18)

2017 - 1701(25) - 1702(24) - 1703(13) - 1704(9) - 1705(13) - 1706(13) - 1707(13) - 1708(14) - 1709(16) - 1710(23) - 1711(15) - 1712(23)

2018 - 1801(18) - 1802(10) - 1803(22) - 1804(11) - 1805(20) - 1806(10) - 1807(16) - 1808(11) - 1809(12) - 1810(14) - 1811(17) - 1812(15)

2019 - 1901(12) - 1902(21) - 1903(36) - 1904(25) - 1905(16) - 1906(12) - 1907(12) - 1908(4)

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1568] **viXra:1908.0392 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-18 15:40:31*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Within the first article „Solution to the Problem of Time“ [1] the author explored the origin of time and suggested the Unified Priciples of Nature that must be applied in order to unify Quantum Gravity and General Relativity without contradiction. To emphasis the urging conclusion out of the Solution to the „Problem of Time“ the author summarize in this paper the claim to reintroduce rational thought and argument in science in order to solve pressing problems in human society. Science must consider the Scientific God to unite Quantum Theroy and General Relativity into a theory that can describe and predict reality.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1567] **viXra:1908.0388 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-18 19:31:04*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

In this paper, theoretical uncertainties fuelled by ad-hoc fixes of theory to explain observed astrophysical anomalies using models upholding the idea of space being a field of potential inertia for bodies in relative motion are discussed. A few of the basic discussion points include determining the difference between scientific space and mathematical space, the cosmic expansion of space, the ad-hoc theoretical localised effect of gravity in galaxies, and the need to use ideas such as dark matter and dark energy. This paper takes the current uncertainties and ad-hoc theoretical fixes in astrophysics theory and places those uncertainties and ad-hoc theoretical fixes together with the aim of determining the root cause of all the general anomalies, here in this paper identified as the idea of labelling space with “inertia”. Then, a general idea of space, more universal than contemporary theories hold, is presented, and demonstrated to uphold all observed astrophysical data. The general “fix” proposed here is a new theory for space, joining both the contemporary scientific and mathematical notions of space in the one construct without using the idea of “inertia”. To achieve this task, a general review of astrophysical data is presented, and each theoretical step used in history to explain that observed astrophysical data, while along the process here making mention both the uncertainty and the ad-hoc theoretical fix being used. all leading to “one” fundamental key oversight in physics theory, prompting the general fix to the standard model. Finally, a new landscape of the universe as a model is presented bearing reference to this new appraisal of space, further shedding light on the previous series of papers [1-10].

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1566] **viXra:1908.0239 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-11 15:52:02*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Haug [1, 2] has recently introduced a new theory of unified quantum gravity coined “collision space-time.” From this new and deeper understanding of mass we can also understand how a grandfather pendulum clock can be used to measure the world shortest time interval, namely the Planck time [3, 4], indirectly. Such a clock can, therefore, also be used to measure the diameter of an indivisible particle indirectly. Further, such a clock can easily measure the Schwarzschild radius of the gravity object and what we will call “Schwarzschild time.” This basically proves that the Newton gravitational constant not is needed to find the Planck length or the Planck time; it is also not needed to find the Schwarzschild radius. Unfortunately, there is significant inertia in the current physics establishment towards new ideas that could rock the fundamentals, but this is not new in the history of science. Still, the idea that the Planck time can be measured totally independent of any knowledge of Newton’s gravitational constant could be very important to move forward in physics; we hope it will be given serious consideration in the future.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1565] **viXra:1908.0183 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-09 01:30:40*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

Researchers have, for the first time, identified the sufficient and necessary conditions that the low-energy limit of quantum gravity theories must satisfy to preserve the main features of the Unruh effect. [12] Two teams of researchers working independently of one another have come up with an experiment designed to prove that gravity and quantum mechanics can be reconciled. [11] Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1564] **viXra:1907.0557 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-28 21:56:25*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time�? [1] the author introduced the concept of time that must be used to unify Gravity and Electromagnetism. In previous papers „The Holografic Universe Visualisation of Big Bang and Black Holes United Gravity and EM“ [2] and “The Crisis in Physics as Result of Theory of General Relativity“ [3] the author explained Gravity as underlying concept of EM. In this paper the author explaines how to combine all four know forces into one concept of force.
Keywords: Theory of Everything, Grand Unified Theory, GOD, Book of Revelation to John

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1563] **viXra:1907.0492 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-25 17:17:11*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Summary of talk given at NZIP 2019, Christchurch
Despite the resounding experimental success of the Standard Model, the mystery of neutrino mass and neutrino oscillations must be approached from a framework for quantum gravity. Using well established results in condensed matter physics and in motivic mathematics, we present a new view of the quantum vacuum based on neutrino braid diagrams in quantum computation. The prediction of an effective 1.29 eV non local sterile state from the Koide matrix for neutrino masses fits known observational constraints.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1562] **viXra:1907.0438 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-23 18:15:26*

**Authors:** Colin James III

**Comments:** 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The equation for naive scale invariance is not tautologous, refuting it as basis for the world as a hologram of ’t Hooft. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1561] **viXra:1907.0376 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-19 22:02:59*

**Authors:** Li xiaohong

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

:Humans have two sets of space-time expressions: reference system space-time and chord time-space, simply put: reference system space-time from the clock, ruler and other external reference system, chord space-time from the discrete spectrum, string (opening string, closed string, non-line string), usually, science, physics using the reference system of space-time, music, painting using chord space-time.
Chord time and space is the semantic expression of chord language, music expression time, painting expression space, both have discrete spectral forms (chord, tone, scale, etc.), mathematically each other as an inverse mirror, can be converted by chord value formula.
Chord language produces semantic expressions of time, space, life, spirit, etc. in music, painting, meridian (chinese ancient medical theory) and so on. The basic forms are: quantum discrete spectrum, string (open, closed, non-line string), symmetry, mirroring and other physical, mathematical (geometric) features. There have been thousands of years of historical accumulation, with a certain universality, consensus, easy to observe, verification.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1560] **viXra:1907.0336 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-17 13:48:01*

**Authors:** Sangwha Yi

**Comments:** 5 Pages. Thank you for reading

In the general relativity theory, using Einstein’s gravity field equation, we discover the spherical solution of the classical quantum gravity. The careful point is that this theory is different from the other quantum theory. This theory is made by the Einstein’s classical field equation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1559] **viXra:1907.0334 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-18 00:38:31*

**Authors:** Nishant kumar sharma

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

In This Manuscript We Will Study About The Gravitation Formula Of Non-Interactive Formula Which Will Be Derived From The Sir Isaac Newton’s Gravitation Formula ,Then By Using Non-Interactive Mechanics We Will Study How The Gravitation Formula Of Non-Interactive Mechanics Shows Sir Newton’s Laws Of Motion, Here We Will Discuss First Law , Second Law And Third Law ,Then We Will Study Non-Interactive Particles Are The First Force And Work Of Each Action. why Graviton Should Be A Non-Interactive Particle. Why Any Mass State Can’t Be In Rest In Universe According To Classical And Non-Interactive Mechanics. The Free Movement Of Non-Intractable Particles In Universe Existence Of Non-Intractable Particles In Space And Solar System.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1558] **viXra:1907.0257 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-16 02:36:17*

**Authors:** Michael A. Ivanov

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

The additional deceleration of massive bodies and the redshift of
remote objects in the model of low-energy quantum gravity are
caused by collisions with gravitons. Some results of numerical
modeling of a motion of bodies in the central field by the
influence of this additional deceleration are described here. The
two peculiarities of modified dynamics take place: an absence of
closed orbits and a possibility of the non-planar motion of
massive bodies in the central field.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1557] **viXra:1907.0161 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-09 10:04:29*

**Authors:** Andrei Lucian Dragoi

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

This paper proposes a Simple…Graviton(-based) Universe (toy-)Model (SGUM) which implies a short list of postulates, statements and assumptions (subquantum movement generating rest masses for almost all known elementary particles; a large palette of gravitons with various quantum angular spins, non-zero volumes and a common energetic density for all known elementary particles with non-zero positive rest energies/masses etc) with far reaching predictions and consequences beyond the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics, bringing quantum mechanics (QM) and Einstein’s general relativity (EGR) very close to each other:
(1)the existence of at least three more scalar bosons (called “X bosons” [Xbs]) heavier than Higgs boson (Hb), with the heaviest of them (named “super-Higgs boson” [SHb]) predicted to be the quanta of a “super-Higgs field” (SHF) which is a plausible candidate for a hypothetical primordial gravitational unified field that dominated the pre-Big-Bang quasi-singularity;
(2)a set of non-zero radii (and thus volumes) for all known elementary particles (EPs) with non-zero positive rest masses (rM)/ energies;
(3)a set of Planck-like gravitonic constants (measuring the quantum angular momentum of gravitons identified with EPs) for all known EPs with rM>0;

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1556] **viXra:1907.0131 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-08 19:01:08*

**Authors:** Li xiaohong, Lini

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Is there a unified natural principle or theory of everything behind the natural phenomena observed in different disciplines?
Here is the formula for chord language, similar to Planck's formula.
S = HV, (S = semitone, H = equal temperament constant, V = frequency), minimum discrete value.
I=H^n.V (I=sound, n=sound value), allowing discrete values;
C=H^n1, n2, n3, n*.V (C=chord), discrete value spectrum.
The chord language consists of chord spectrum, with physics, mathematics (geometry) features such as quantization, string (open string, closed string, N string), symmetry, mirror image, etc., expressed in music, painting, meridian and other phenomena, used for time , space, life, spiritual expression, it has accumulated thousands of years of understanding, more mature mathematical models, can be observed, verified,This should be a feature of the theory of everything.
Similarly, physics theory also shows chord language features, such as: quantization, string theory, etc., is the role of chord language?
What is the theory of all things hidden in music and painting?
Key words: chord language, chord space-time, theory of everything, quantum, string, music, painting, meridian

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1555] **viXra:1907.0106 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-06 14:32:39*

**Authors:** M. U. E. Pohl

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” [1] and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within this third chapter, the author explains in how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought and to get back into Paradise to save this planet earth from burning in climate change and to prevent the final fall of the empire of “human being” into the nothingness like the age of dinosaurs ended in nothingness.
Keywords: Theory of Everything, Key of Matrix, End of the World, World War, Artificial Intelligence, Flat Earth, Holografic Universe, Big Bang, Black Holes

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1554] **viXra:1907.0066 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-03 15:57:50*

**Authors:** Cliff Ellgen

**Comments:** Pages.

This paper reproduces the dynamics of quantum mechanics with a four-dimensional spacetime manifold that is branched and embedded in a six-dimensional Minkowski space. Elementary fermions are represented by knots in the manifold, and these knots have the properties of the familiar particles. We derive a continuous model that approximates the behavior of the manifold's discrete branches. The model produces dynamics on the manifold that corresponds to the gravitational, strong, and electroweak interactions.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1553] **viXra:1907.0057 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-03 08:55:26*

**Authors:** John B. Wilson

**Comments:** 217 pages at time of submission

Using Special Relativity (SR) as a starting point, then noting a few empirical 4-Vector facts, one can derive the Principles that are normally considered to be Axioms of Quantum Mechanics (QM). Since many of the QM Axioms are rather obscure, this seems a more logical and understandable paradigm than QM as a separate theory from SR, and sheds light on the origin and meaning of the QM Principles. The SRQM or [SR→QM] Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: A Tensor Study of Physical 4-Vectors

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1552] **viXra:1906.0559 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-29 23:42:26*

**Authors:** Jonathan J. Dickau

**Comments:** 1 Page. Poster for GR22 session A3 modified theories of gravity (theor.)

The long-range transition to 5-d or higher, seen in DGP gravity, cascading DGP, and some other theories, can be interpreted as a prior epoch or precursor universe. This transition has therefore been proposed to be a black hole in 5-d → 4-d white hole and a spacetime bubble that is our cosmos. The same transition is represented in the Mandelbrot Set at (-0.75,0i), where the cardioid meets the circular disc, mimicking Cartan’s rolling ball analogy for G2 symmetries – when M is extended into higher dimensions. We can therefore study this in an archetypical setting, and it suggests a unique exit from a higher-dimensional origin, which conveniently explains the weakness of gravity and accelerating expansion. Other analogies allow us to discuss graviton properties and phenomenology. Notably the Misiurewicz point at about (-1.543689,0i) represents the quantum critical point in BEC formation, which has been connected to black hole event horizons. A consistent model for gravity with higher-dimensional origins is offered.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1551] **viXra:1906.0558 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-29 23:54:39*

**Authors:** Jonathan J. Dickau

**Comments:** 1 Page. Poster for GR22 sess. D4 Quan. fields in curved spacetime, semi-Class. grav., Quan. grav. phen., & theor. of analogue grav.

The Mandelbrot Set displays features of the 5-d → 4-d transition in DGP gravity and in theories where a 5-d black hole gives rise to a 4-d white hole and spacetime bubble – which is our present-day cosmos – at (-0.75,0i). The ratio of radii here is 3:1 in imitation of Cartan’s rolling ball analogy for Lie group G2 symmetries. Holographic dualities are displayed across the boundary, linking the quantum mechanics in the precursor universe with the astrophysical realm in the current era, which we discuss. Then we examine the Misiurewicz point at about (-1.543689,0i) where is clearly depicted an analogy of BEC formation and Schwarzschild black hole event horizons, which forms an important part of the analog gravity program. The fact both of these dynamics are displayed in the same object indicates that the theories are not mutually-exclusive and could coexist in nature.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1550] **viXra:1906.0443 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-23 16:51:38*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

From the holographic perspective in quantum gravity, topological field theories like Chern-Simons are more than toy models for computation. An algebraic construction of the CFT associated to Witten's j invariant for 2+1 dimensional gravity aims to compute coefficients of modular forms from the combinatorics of quantum logic, dictated by axioms in higher dimensional categories, with heavy use of the golden ratio. This paper is self contained, including introductory material on lattices, and aims to show how the Monster group and its infinite module arise when the automorphisms of the Leech lattice are extended by special point sets in higher dimensions, notably the 72 dimensional lattice of Nebe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1549] **viXra:1906.0441 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-24 00:22:43*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

In this paper, a follow-on from papers 1-9 [1-9], the idea of consciousness as a feature of the process itself of scientific inquiry shall come to attention; here, as per the previous papers and in alliance with contemporary notions of the idea of consciousness and time, the idea of “consciousness” shall be presented as the ideal “fixed” frame of reference with time, going a step beyond the concept both Descartes and Einstein assumed in their works as a requirement of scientific theory genesis for the ideas of time and space, and above all “our required ability to exercise certain conscious functions to fully utilise the associated theory of time and space”. Ultimately, this proposed model of consciousness shall be demonstrated to not only abide with contemporary models of consciousness and thought, yet take those ideas a step ahead, as much as the new theory for time and space presented here as the golden ratio algorithm for time is being considered as a step ahead of contemporary ideas in physics. The aim here is not to change the impetus of our thinking, our philosophizing, or our world-view, yet to assess how a new theory of time and space aligns with a new ability, a new exercise of our conscious ability, to achieve that ability, to theorize time and space anew, as a step ahead of what has been previously thought possible in defining not just time, yet that tagged reference to time as consciousness.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1548] **viXra:1906.0337 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-18 19:50:29*

**Authors:** John Peel

**Comments:** 2 Pages. Notes

Some notes on early material and contact.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1547] **viXra:1906.0317 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-17 19:51:32*

**Authors:** Thomas Denley

**Comments:** 1 Page.

People have been adhering too rigidly to rules to divide by zero. Their calculators display it as undefined. The calculators were programmed by humans who did not yet understand what division by zero means.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1546] **viXra:1906.0295 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-15 07:50:03*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 18 Pages. Submitted to Classical and Quantum Gravity

A study of the simplest Jordan-Brans-Dicke-like action within the context of Weyl geometry, combined with the findings of Weinberg's Asymptotic Safety program in quantum gravity, leads to a plethora of nice numerical results : (i) like singling out the quartic potential from all others; (ii) having (Anti) de Sitter space as the most natural solution; (iii) furnishing the value of the observed vacuum energy density at the Hubble scale $ { 3 \over 8 \pi G_N R_H^2} \sim
10^{ - 122 } M_P^4$; (iv) a $ { 3 \over 8 \pi } M_P^4$ vacuum energy density at the Planck scale; and (v) allowing the possibility that our universe is a Black Hole whose horizon coincides with the cosmological Hubble horizon. It is warranted to explore deeper the interplay among Weyl geometry, Asymptotic safety and Maldacena's $AdS/CFT$ correspondence (holographic renormalization group flow). Also relevant is the work by Wetterich on the role of dilatation symmetry in higher dimensions and the vanishing of the cosmological constant. Last, but not least, we should also consider the implications of Penrose' Conformal Cyclic Cosmology and Nottale's Scale Relativity Theory
with the key findings of this work.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1545] **viXra:1906.0288 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-15 11:19:33*

**Authors:** Andrey N. Smirnov

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Local symmetries in the theory of emergent space-time are considered. It is shown that in this theory there are U(1) and SU(3) local symmetries. The wave-particle duality is considered.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1544] **viXra:1906.0238 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-13 13:42:16*

**Authors:** Yasser alsharif

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

I am talking about the vibrating position of the spatial dimensions of the Planck length scale. The speed of the light is affected by this vibration. It is also transmitted through it, also how gravity is weak and how the velocity of Blanc's vibration affects the mass so that this mass absorbs this direction to create an opposite gravity towards it.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1543] **viXra:1906.0235 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-13 16:24:40*

**Authors:** Eran Sinbar

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The many world interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, the extra dimensions of string theory, the unexplained entanglement in quantum theory, the mysterious dark energy and dark matter, all link together to the possibility that our three dimension universe is not the entire picture and that we need to find an improved model of space time that can deal with these new concepts. This paper will suggest a new way of looking at our three-dimension universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1542] **viXra:1906.0162 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-11 04:37:17*

**Authors:** Michael Tzoumpas

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The independent E/M waves are created as another form of E/M waves, during the electron oscillations at an emission antenna. These waves do not compose the constant photon length, in contradiction to the fundamental E/M waves of photon. Additionally, the Compton phenomenon is interpreted, while the atomic orbitals are standing waves the self-superposition of the motion wave of electrons.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1541] **viXra:1906.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-09 00:14:50*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

In this paper the entire spectrum of the recent modern history of the Standard Model of physics shall be presented and examined and exposed for upholding a “chimera” concept which has prevented physics from joining electromagnetism with gravity as theoretical and physical field driven entities. This chimera will be exposed to be “inertia”, the bane of relativity, otherwise leading to absurd conclusions in ultimate equations of field forces across the expanse of space and time. A “fix” to this chimera is proposed, as a new concept for time examining bodies in motion, namely the idea of time as “the” most fundamental concept in space, from which the golden ratio “scaling system” shall be once again calculated from this new primordial level of conception and bodies-in-motion relationship. From those calculations of the golden ratio scaling system for time, the idea of space will become apparent as an emergence from the dimension of time, and most importantly how time behaves as light in regard to space. Upon that emergent platform of space, a list of all the features derived from the golden ratio algorithm shall be once again be brought to attention as per the previous papers [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8], highlighting these derived schemes as the mechanisms of “proof” for this new theory, as data and equations derived from first principles that then confirm what has been found through extensive historical scientific research. Such shall highlight the fundamental failure of the idea of “inertia” in physical equations and expose those equations as the “chimera” of modern-day physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1540] **viXra:1905.0607 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-31 10:41:57*

**Authors:** Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

According to theory of quantum gravity developed by me, the gravitational field consists of variable and constant components. The constant or invariable field does not change with distance. This field consists of a very large number of gravitational quanta.We have studied the gravitational force between two bodies at very large distances.From the calculation it is derived that, the smallest value of force exerted by quantum line of gravity called gravitational quanta, q̌ , is equal to 1.48 x 10-97 N.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1539] **viXra:1905.0459 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-24 04:06:22*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

We have recently presented a unified quantum gravity theory [1]. Here we extend on that work and present an even simpler version of that theory. For about hundred years, modern physics has not been able to build a bridge between quantum mechanics and gravity. However, a solution may be found here; we present our quantum gravity theory, which is rooted in indivisible particles where matter and gravity are related to collisions and can be described by collision space-time. In this paper, we also show that we can formulate a quantum wave equation rooted in collision space-time, which is equivalent to mass and energy.
The beauty of our theory is that most of the main equations that currently exist in physics are not changed (in terms of predictions), except at the Planck scale. The Planck scale is directly linked to gravity and gravity is, surprisingly, actually a Lorentz symmetry as well as a form of Heisenberg uncertainty break down at the Planck scale. Our theory gives a dramatic simplification of many physics formulas without altering the output predictions. The relativistic wave equation, the relativistic energy momentum relation, and Minkowski space can all be represented by simpler equations when we understand mass at a deeper level. This not attained at a cost, but rather a reflection of the benefit in having gravity and electromagnetism unified under the same theory.
This is version 1 of the current work and contains several important new equations and insight that builds on some of our previous papers. We expect to put out an enhanced version with more detailed explanations soon. In particular, it is worth noting how incredibly simple our new relativistic wave equation is when rooted in collision space-time. The beauty of such simplicity will be evident for those familiar with previous work on this topic; future work will highlight and augment these observations and analysis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1538] **viXra:1905.0346 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-18 10:10:51*

**Authors:** Rahula T.R. Latchman, Gemma F. Lopez

**Comments:** 44 Pages.

This paper presents a model that bridges the gap between general relativity and quantum mechanics by providing a new understanding of space and time. The core principle of this formulation is impermanence, the fact that energy is never static, which has non-obvious consequences at the quantum level and leads to a formulation of quantum gravity. The results allow for a new interpretation of black holes and a resolution of the black hole information paradox. The model also presents the causes leading to the Big Bang as well as the Universe evolution, oﬀering a new perspective on galaxy formation and a natural explanation to the origin of dark matter, dark energy and the matter-antimatter asymmetry.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1537] **viXra:1905.0264 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-18 04:59:02*

**Authors:** Ramses BOUNKEU SAFO

**Comments:** 35 Pages. language: English and French

Gravity is currently understood as a space-time curvature. If gravity was a force, it quantization would be much easier. Then what if gravity was a force able to bend space-time?
We will see that gravity can be seen as such and what it would imply. We’ll then derive a new space-time bending equation thanks to a new principle equivalent to Einstein’s Equivalence Principle in low intensity fields.
Thanks to quantum mechanics studies in curved space-time we can then blend gravity in quantum mechanics in a coherent way.
Eventually, we'll see that applying these principles to cosmology, we can explain what we current call Dark Energy.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1536] **viXra:1905.0244 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-17 01:50:47*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

Abstract.
A so called EmDrive defy classical physics expectations because it shows repellent less or reaction less thruster qualities.
According to Quantum FFF Theory (Function Follows Form at the quantum level) however, the magnetic field is build on two monopole rigid string particles in the form of curved radiation trajectories, ( North and South) mostly cooperating opposing each other.
Thus, the magnetic quantum field has always TWO different shaped curved monopole vector components: a North- and a South vector field component.
This is comparable with the electric Quantum field, equipped with Plus and Minus vector components but it is in contrast with all other quantum fields like the neutrino- gravity-or x-gamma ray field.
However, based on observation of iron filing-powder pattern loss close to direct currents in a wire, it is postulated, that these monopole ( N+S) particle/ wave dualities travel locally parallel to each other inside the vacuum Axion/Higgs field, with a strong field reduction or even fading away as a result.
These field reductions (or dipping) are observed to be concentrated in a tubular for around the current in the wire.
As a consequence, the Lorentz force will become a non symmetric form, with a one sided reduced reaction force between the magnetic reduced field and a local magnet.
The magnet will create a normal Lorentz force on the electrons in the wire, but the magnets do not “feel” locally the opposing magnetic Standard Maxwell field around the current in the wire. The EM Drive as the result.
.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1535] **viXra:1905.0237 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-15 05:56:05*

**Authors:** Durgadas Datta.

**Comments:** 10 Pages. FOR FURTHER RESEARCH AND LHC EXPERIMENTATION.

EXOTIC DARK FLUID SWIRLING AND WHIRLING GIVING THE TOPOLOGY OF CURVED SPACE TIME OF EINSTEIN.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1534] **viXra:1905.0204 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-13 06:03:25*

**Authors:** A Bermanseder

**Comments:** 121 Pages. ISSN: 2153-8301

Abstract:
Despite the experimental success of the quantum theory and the extension of classical physics in quantum field theory and relativity in special and general application; a synthesis between the classical approach based on Euclidean and Riemann geometries with that of 'modern' theoretical physics based on statistical energy and frequency distributions remains to be a field of active research for the global theoretical and experimental physics community.
In this paper a particular attempt for unification shall be indicated in the proposal of a third kind of relativity in a geometric form of quantum relativity, which utilizes the string modular duality of a higher dimensional energy spectrum based on a physics of wormholes directly related to a cosmogony preceding the cosmologies of the thermodynamic universe from inflaton to instanton.
In this way, the quantum theory of the microcosm of the outer and inner atom becomes subject to conformal transformations to and from the instanton of a quantum big bang or qbb and therefore enabling a description of the macrocosm of general relativity in terms of the modular T-duality of 11-dimensional supermembrane theory and so incorporating quantum gravity as a geometrical effect of energy transformations at the wormhole scale.
Using the linked Feynman lecture at Caltech as a background for the quantum relative approach; this paper shall focus on the way the classical electron with a stipulated electromagnetic mass as a function of its spacial extent exposes the difficulty encountered by quantum field theories to model nature as mathematical point-particles without spacial extent.
In particular, a classical size for the proton can be found in an approximation ½Re.X = Rp for a classical electron radius Re and where the factor X represents the symmetry equilibrium for a ß = (v/c} = f(A) velocity ratio distribution for the effective electron rest mass me proportional to the spacial extent of the electron and evolving real solutions for the electron parameters from a quasi-complex space solution for its rest mass meo.
Using the ß2 distribution in a unitary interval, then bounded in a function of the electromagnetic fine structure constant alpha; the SI-CODATA value for the rest mass of the electron is derived from first inflaton-based principles in the minimum energy Planck-Oscillator Eo=½hfo in a conformal mapping of the M-Sigma relation applied to the Black Hole Mass to Galactic Bulge ratio for the alpha bound. The M-Sigma ratio so can be considered as a scaling proportion between the interior of a Black Hole mapped holographically and radius-conformally as the internal monopolar volume of the electron as a basic premise of the quantum gravitational approach in quantum relativity and in scaling the Schwarzschild solution onto the electron.
A unification condition in a conformal mapping of the alpha fine-structure α onto X described by X ⇔ α in ℵ(Transformation) = {ℵ}3 : X → α{#}3 → # → #3 → (#2)3 → {(#2)3}3 is applied in this context to indicate the relative interaction strengths of the elementary gauge interactions in proportionality: SNI:EMI:WNI:GI = SEWG = #:#3:#18:#54.
For the symmetry equilibrium, the electric potential energy and the magnetic action energy are related for an electron velocity of veX = 0.78615138.c and an effective mass energy of mef = γme = mecf = 1.503238892x10-30 kg*. This mass-velocity relationship is supplemented by the Compton constant as: meRe = Compton constant = αh/2πc = lplanck.α.mplanck = mecrec , which proportionalises the quantum relativistic size of the electron with its mass.
The Compton constant ensures Lorentz invariance across all reference frames in cancelling the length contraction with the relativistic mass increase in the product of the proper length lo and the proper rest mass mo as lo.mo=loγ.mo/γ in special relativity (SR) in the self-relative reference frame of the monopolar electron.
Subsequently then for an electron speed veX and for rec = αh/2πcmecf = 1.71676104x10-15 m* as a decreased self-relative classical electron radius given by the Compton constant, we calculate a relatively negligible monopolar velocity component in (vps/c)2 = 1/{1+rec4/([2πα]2rps4)} = 1.55261006x10-35 and characteristic for any substantial velocity for the electron.
The analysis then defines a maximum velocity for the electron with a corresponding quantum relative minimum mass in the form of the electron (anti)neutrino in ve|max = (1 - 3.282806345x10-17) c and m(νe)=m(ντ)2 = 0.00297104794 eV* (0.002963740541 eV) respectively. At this energy then, no coupling between the electron and its anti-neutrino would be possible and the W- weakon could not exist.
Subsequently, we shall indicate the effect of the Compton constant and of the quantum relativistic monopolar electron to calculate all of the neutrino masses from first principles in setting
mν = mneutrino = me.(rneutrino)/Re and where rv naturally applies at the limit of the electron's dynamical self-interaction as indicated, that is the electron's quantum relativistic mass approaches that of the instanton of the qbb.
This leads to: mνElectronc2 = mv(νTauon2)c2 = mν(νMuon2+νHiggs2)c2 = μo{Monopole GUT masses ec}2rps/4πRe2 and where vHiggs is a scalar (anti)neutrino for the mass induction of the (anti)neutrinos in tandem with the mass induction of the scalar Higgs boson in the weak Goldstone interaction.
For the electrostatic electron the ß distribution at A=½, the Compton constant gives mecrec = meRe for ß2 = 0 and at A=1, the Compton constant gives mecrec = ½me.2Re for ß2 = X and as the mean for a unitary interval is ½, the electron radius transforms into the protonic radius containing monopolar charge as internal charge distribution in Rp = ½XRe and proportional to the effective electron rest mass me proportional to the spacial extent of the electron.
For the proton then, its 'charge distribution' radius becomes averaged as Rproton = 0.85838052x10-15 m* as a reduced classical electron radius and for a speed of the self-interactive or quantum relativistic electron of vps = 1.576125021x10-17 c. This monopolar quantum relativistic speed reaches its quantum relativistic {v/c = 1-} limit and its maximum QR monopolar speed of 0.0458 c at the instanton boundary and defines a minimum quantum monopolar relativistic speed for the electron at vpse = 1.50506548x10-18 c for its electrostatic potential, where Ue=∫{q²/8πεor²}dr = q²/8πεoRe = ½mec2 for a classical velocity of ve=0 in a non-interacting magnetic field B=0. 2Ue = mec2 so implies a halving of the classical electron radius to obtain the electron mass me = 2Ue/c2 and infers an oscillating nature for the electron size to allow a synergy between classical physics and that of quantum mechanics.
A reduced classical electron size is equivalent to a decrease of the Compton wavelength of the electron, rendering the electron more ‘muon like’ and indicates the various discrepancies in the measurements of the proton’s charge radius using Rydberg quantum transitions using electron and muon energies.
The calibration for the classical electron radius from the electron mass from SI units to star units is (2.81794032x10-15).[1.00167136 m*] = 2.82265011x10-15 m* and differing from Re = 2.777777778x10-15 m* in a factor of (2.82265011/2.777777…) = 1.01615404.
A reduction of the classical electron radius from Re = 2.777777778x10-15 m* to (2.777777778x10-15).[0.998331431 m] = 2.77314286x10-15 m, then gives the same factor of (2.81794032/2.77314286) = 1.01615404, when calibrating from star units.
The units for the Rydberg constant are 1/m for a Star Unit* – SI calibration [m*/m] = 0.998331431… for a ratio [Re/SI ]/[Re/*] = (2.77314286/2.777777) = (2.81794032/2.82265011)
Reducing the classical electron radius Re from 2.81794032 fermi to 2.77314286 fermi in a factor of 1.01615404 then calibrates the effective electron mass me to Re in the Compton constant
Re.me = ke2/c2 = (2.77777778x10-15).(9.29052716x10-31) = 2.58070198x10-45 [mkg]* with
Re.me = ke2/c2 = (2.81794033x10-15).(9.1093826x10-31) = 2.56696966x10-45 [mkg] with [mkg]* = (1.00167136)(1.00375313)[mkg] = 1.00543076 [mkg].
Using this reduced size of the electron then increases the Rydberg constant by a factor of 1.01615404
Using the Rydberg Constant as a function of Alpha {and including the Alpha variation Alpha|mod = 60πe2/h = 60π(1.6021119x10-19)2/(6.62607004x10-34) = 1/137.047072}
as Ry∞ = Alpha3/4πRe = Alpha2.mec/2h = mee4/8εo2h3c = 11.1296973x106 [1/m]* or 11.14829901x106 [1/m]
defines variation in the measured CODATA Rydberg constant in a factor 10,973,731.6x(1.01615404).(137.036/137.047072)3 = 11,148,299.0
Subsequently, using the Rydberg energy levels for the electron-muon quantum energy transitions, will result in a discrepancy for the proton's charge radius in a factor of 10,973,731.6/11,148,299.0 = 0.98434134… and reducing a protonic charge radius from 0.8768 fermi to 0.8631 fermi as a mean value between 0.8768 fermi and 0.8494 fermi to mirror the unitary interval from A=½ to A=1 for the electron’s relativistic ß distribution.
The local geometry related to the Compton radius h/2πm is shown to manifest in a linearization of the Weyl wormhole wavelength λps = λweyl of the qbb in the photon-mass interaction as a quantum gravitational limit proportional to the mass of the electron in rweyl = λweyl/2π = 2GoMc/c2 = h/2πcmps for a curvature mass Mc = hc/4πGomps conformally transforming Mc = 6445.79 kg* into 2.22..x10-20 kg* quantum gravitationally and in a corresponding increase of a sub Planck length linearization of rcplanck = 2Gomps/c2 = 5.4860785x10-47 m* (star units calibrated to the SI mensuration system) to the wormhole scale of the quantum big bang as a quantum geometric curvature effect.
The qbb results from a Planck scale conformal transformation of fundamental parameters in the inflaton, descriptive of energy transformations between five classes of superstrings culminating in the Weyl-Eps wormhole as the final superstring class of heterotic symmetry 8x8 to manifest the supermembrane EpsEss as the wormhole of the 'singularity creation', which is a derivative from a monopolar Planck-Stoney cosmogenesis.
Recircularizing the Compton radius into a Compton wavelength in a {photon - gauge photon} interaction labeled as electromagnetic monopolar radiation or {emr - emmr}, then is shown to define the quantum energy of the vacuum per unit volume as a horn toroidal space-time volumar in Vortex-PE = VPEps = ZPEweyl = 4πEps/λps3 and completing the encompassing energy spectrum in integrating the electric-, magnetic- and monopolar field properties in {½melectric + ½mmagnetic(v/c)2 + δmmonopolic}c2 = mc2.
The self-interaction of the electron in energy, so crystallizes its monopolar super brane origin in the addition of a quantum self-relative magnetic energy acting as a 'hidden' electromagnetic monopolar field in the volume of spacetime occupied by the electron as a conformal transformation from the inflaton epoch. A Planck-Stoney 'bounce' of the electronic charge quantum established the interaction potential between charge and mass energy to break an inherent supersymmetry to transform string class I into string class IIB in modular conformal self-duality of the monopole supermembrane. Following this initial transformation relating displacement to electric charge in the magneto charge of the monopole; a heterosis between string classes HO(32) and HE(64) enabled the bosonic superstring to bifurcate into fermionic parts in a quark-lepton hierarchy from the HO(32) superstring to the HE(64) superstring of the instanton of the qbb and who is called the Weyl or wormhole boson Eps in this paper.
We shall also indicate the reason for the measured variation of the fine structure constant by Webb, Carswell and associates; who have measured a variation in alpha dependent on direction.
This variation in alpha is found in the birth of the universe as a 'bounce' or oscillation of the Planck length as a minimum physical displacement and becomes related to the presence of the factor γ3 in the manifestation of relativistic force as the time rate of change of relativistic momentum prel.
Furthermore, the mass-charge ratio {e/meo} relation of the electron implies that a precision measurement in either the rest mass moe or the charge quantum e, would affect this ratio and this paper shall show how the electromagnetic mass distribution of the electron crystallizes an effective mass me from its rest mass resulting in meoγ = me'γ2 related to the coupling ratio between the electromagnetic (EMI) and the strong nuclear interaction (SNI), both as a function of alpha and for an asymptotic (not running) SNI constant defined from first principles in an interaction transformation between all of the four fundamental interactions.
Since {1-ß2} describes the ß2 distribution of relativistic velocity in the unitary interval from A=0 to A=1, setting the quantum relativistic mass ratio [moe/me]2 = {1-ß2} equal to a cosmological MSigma ratio conformally transformed from the Planck scale, naturally defines a potential oscillatory upper boundary for any displacement in the unit interval of A. An increase or decrease in the 'bare' electron mass, here denoted as moe can then result in a directional measurement variation due to the fluctuating uncertainty in the position of the electron in the unitary interval mirroring the natural absence or presence of an external magnetic field to either decrease or increase the monopolar part of the electron mass in its partitioning: melectric + mmagnetic + δmmonopolar = mec{½+½[v/c]²} + δpsmec = mec with mec2√{1 + v2γ2/c2} = mec2γ = mecc2 for m = mec from the energy-momentum relation E2 = Eo2 + p2c2 of classical and quantum theory. The cosmic or universal value of alpha so remains constant in all cosmological time frames; with the fluctuation found to depend on a constant #= α in a strong interaction constant as a function of alpha.
At the core of physical consciousness lies quantum consciousness; but there it is called selfinteraction of a particle or dynamical system in motion relative to its charge distribution. We shall indicate, that it is indeed the charge distribution within such a system and quantized in the fundamental nature of the electron and the proton as the base constituent of atomic hydrogen and so matter; that defines an internal monopolar charge distribution as a quantum geometric formation minimized in the classical size of the electron and the energy scale explored at that displacement scale.
Finally we describe the particles of the Standard Model and including a quantum geometric explanation for the CP violation of the weak interaction, from their genesis in the inflaton and a grand unification symmetry in a transformation of supermembranes and cosmic strings appearing today in a spectrum of cosmic rays:
SEWG------------------------SEWg--------SEW.G---------SeW.G--------S.EW.G------------S.E.W.G
Planck Unification I----------IIB----------HO32------------IIA-----------HE64---------Bosonic Unification

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1533] **viXra:1905.0136 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-10 03:28:49*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 32 Pages.

"But we've seen a lot of exciting things already with gravitational waves, and we will see a lot more. There are even plans to put a gravitational wave detector in space that would be sensitive to different sources than LIGO," Flanagan said. [27]
Researchers hoping to better interpret data from the detection of gravitational waves generated by the collision of binary black holes are turning to the public for help. [26]
Astronomers on Wednesday unveiled the first photo of a black hole, one of the star-devouring monsters scattered throughout the Universe and obscured by impenetrable shields of gravity. [25]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1532] **viXra:1905.0132 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-08 09:23:51*

**Authors:** Divyansh Mansukhani

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

It is shown using very few steps that under Poincare transformation, the Polyakov action is invariant and thus, globally symmetric. It is only over this argument that the local symmetries of bosonic strings such as diffeomorphism and Weyl symmetry can be discussed.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1531] **viXra:1905.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-08 20:12:22*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

The Big Bang theory basically states that the universe is expanding and that there is point that there could be a critical density at which the universe could go on expanding forever or crunch. The theory of a rotating universe can also have a red shift, but the equations are different and the critical density is different for rotating universe. In fact, the particular rotating universe that this theory deals with is that our universe may be in equilibrium with neither contraction or expansion but with kinetic and potential energy.
In Sphere Theory of the Universe, the universe is rotating. This rotating universe has mass where parts of it are moving at familiar velocities and some are moving at relativistic velocities. Size itself is confused, in that nothing really travels in a straight line, and therefore we are trying to weed out these problems in calculating the size of the universe. It appears that light itself travels in a spiral, which is controlled by gravitational forces. The observed quantities of particles are further complicated in that the relativistic velocities make the quantities of particles look higher. The concentrations of particles are highest at the center of the sphere, but the rotation imparts energy that makes things look like the concentration is mostly uniform. This paper tries to sort out these problems and present a Mass, Size, and Equilibrium Density of the Universe. The mass of the universe, which would include matter, dark matter, and dark energy.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1530] **viXra:1905.0123 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-07 06:28:22*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 53 Pages.

A Semi Classical Theory of Everything,
based on Long Distance Multiverse Entangled Rigid String Topology.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1529] **viXra:1905.0120 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-07 11:09:48*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Many physicists claim that physics is in crisis but the followers of the dominant theories in physics still accept the unreal/pseudoscientific ideas because they were introduced by great physicists. It is time to give up ideas that contradict common sense.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1528] **viXra:1905.0081 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-05 23:19:53*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

The idea that time is concordant to our perception in our frame of temporal reference yet different to another person’s frame dependent on motion, as Einstein outlined in his work of general and special relativity, is essentially stating that we are conscious according to the parameters of space-time and how that flows dependent on what our reference of relative motion is. Yet is there a scientific mathematical link between frames of time as a relativity of time in space? Surely in not considering how each frame of time reference can be linked mathematically, all the facets of physical reality in time as “equations” of time will not match up, such as most basically gravity and electromagnetism? This paper, a follow-on from seven previous papers [1][2][3][4][5][6][7] will present firstly the historical notions we have of time in science, as applied to scientific congress, and then discuss those problems that have been presented to us in using that axiom of time definition, most importantly that not knitting together those temporal notions presents us with a mathematics of space and mass and energy that are never knitted as mathematical equations in time yet only in using Einstein’s equation of e = mc2. So, a new axiom for time is presented as an algorithm that can knit together much of what we know of physical scientific data, including Einstein’s well-known equation. The quest of this paper is to demonstrate that it is possible to marry up electromagnetism with gravity using a common mathematical “function” for time universal in space, as temporal relativity, despite it offering a new set of equations for known physical data. Then finally a process of “proof” is offered for this new regard for time, as gravity emerging from electrodynamics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1527] **viXra:1905.0079 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-06 03:17:40*

**Authors:** Michael Tzoumpas

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The accelerated electron creates the inductive-inertial phenomenon, whose the forces act on the electric units of dynamic space, forming the grouping units, namely the electric charges or forms of the electric field. This phenomenon is
the precondition to construct E/M waves, while the cause for the generation of E/M formations is the spin oscillations of the electron.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1526] **viXra:1905.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-03 13:42:44*

**Authors:** Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

We introduce the statistical physics of space-time events. We call the framework: geometric thermodynamics. As the main result we show that for all systems of geometric thermodynamics, the quantum entropy equals the space-time entropy equals the curvature of space-time.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1525] **viXra:1905.0013 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-01 12:49:25*

**Authors:** Christopher Pilot

**Comments:** 31 Pages.

This is a second follow up paper on a model, which treats the black hole as a 4-D spatial ball filled with blackbody radiation. For the interior radiative mass distribution, we employ a new type of truncated probability distribution function, the exponential distribution. We find that this distribution comes closest to reproducing a singularity at the center, and yet it is finite at 4-D radius, r=0. This distribution will give a constant gravitational acceleration for a test particle throughout the black hole, irrespective of radius. The 4-D gravitational acceleration is given by the expression, g^((4))=-.1c^2 λ=-.2λ GM_R/R , where R is the radius of the black hole, M_R is its mass, and λ is the exponential shape parameter, which depends only on the mass, or radius, of the black hole. We calculate the gravitational force, and the entropy within the black hole interior, as well as on its surface, the event horizon, which separates 3-D from 4-D space. Similar to a truncated Gaussian distribution, the gravitational force increases discontinuously, and dramatically, upon entry into the 4-D black hole from the 3-D side. It is also radius dependent within the 4-D black hole. Moreover, the total entropy is shown to be much less than the Bekenstein result, similar to the truncated Gaussian. For the gravitational force, we obtain, F_(G,r)^((4))=-.1c^2 λ〖 M〗_r , where M_r is the radiative mass enclosed within a 4-D volume of radius r. This unusual force law indicates that the gravitational force acting upon a layer of blackbody photons at radius r is strictly proportional to the enclosed radiative energy, M_r c^2, contained within that radius, with .1 λ being the constant of proportionality. For the entropy at radius, r, and on the surface, we obtain an expression which is order of magnitude comparable to the truncated Normal distribution. Tables are presented for three black holes, one having a mass equal to that of the sun. The other two have masses, which are ten times that of the sun, and 〖10〗^6 solar masses. The corresponding λ parameters are found to equal, (λ_A,λ_B,λ_C )=(.039569,.0037996,3.01229*〖10〗^(-8)), respectively. We compare these results to the truncated Gaussian distribution, which were worked out in another paper.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1524] **viXra:1905.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-01 04:23:57*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

Physicists in California have loaded a bunch of ultracold caesium atoms into the back of a van and driven them up a hill to demonstrate how quantum interference can be used to measure gravity outside the laboratory. [20] The gravitational waves created by black holes or neutron stars in the depths of space have been found to reach Earth. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1523] **viXra:1904.0599 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-30 06:39:10*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 42 Pages.

The new interpretation of Herbig Haro dual black hole systems by Quantum FFF Theory, is a firm reason to put the Herbig Haro systems at the forefront of the origin of Universal structure, together with the new rigid transformable string model based on quantum FORM..
Quantum FFF Theory ( FFF= Function Follows Form) is based on a new string particle model called “rigid transformable string”, which is able to generate topologies of all possible sub quantum particles, needed to fill a supersymmetric standard model and beyond.
The mother particle is called “Axion Higgs” and has the form of a ring, able to rotate internally by three hinges into electron and positron propeller shapes, into 1x Graviton, 5x monopole Photons or Gluons and 6x Neutrinos.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1522] **viXra:1904.0569 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-29 17:34:05*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 1 Page.

How many levels are there to the universe? “In Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”(1) The universe starts with a zero dimensional particle, builds up to 1, 2, and 3 dimensions and then levels of spheres. As it is stated, the Gravitational Constant is predicted, and predicted to be 6.6743792*10^-11 m^3/(kg*s^2). In each layer the quantity of spheres is divided by the mass ratio of the proton to the neutron. It is proposed, that when the mass ratio of the proton to the neutron is multiplied enough times, the value is less than one half or less than 0.5. At this the square of the angular momentum of one particle becomes 2. That is where we go from a zero dimensional particle to a one dimensional two sphere. It grows again to two dimensions, three dimensions, and then levels to the universe. To a multiverse and mega-multiverse becomes a zero-dimensional particle and the process starts all over again. The whole process goes on again and again to infinity. And yet, size matters not. Calculations to follow in another paper.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1521] **viXra:1904.0547 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-29 03:29:57*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 26 Pages.

Based on a very simple model where mass, at the deepest level, is colliding indivisible particles and energy is indivisible particles not colliding, we get a new and simple model of matter that seems to be consistent with experiments. Gravity appears to be directly linked to collision time and also the space the collisions take up; we could call it collision space-time. This leads to a completely new quantum gravity theory that is able to explain and predict all major gravity phenomena without any knowledge of Newton's gravitational constant or the mass size in the traditional sense. In addition, the Planck constant is not needed.
Our model, combined with experimental data, strongly indicates that matter is granular and consists of indivisible particles that are colliding. Further, from experiments it is clear that the diameter of the indivisible indivisible particle is the Planck length. Our theory even predicts that there can be no time dilation in quasars, something that is consistent with observations and yet is inconsistent with existing gravity theories.
Several modern quantum gravity models indicate that Lorentz symmetry is broken at the Planck scale, but there have been no signs of this occurring, despite extensive efforts to look for Lorentz symmetry break downs. We show that Lorentz symmetry break downs indeed happen and, to our own surprise, this is actually quite easy to detect. In our model, it is clear that Lorentz symmetry break down is gravity itself. This seems contradictory, as Planck energies are very high energy levels, but we show that this must be seen in a new perspective.
We also introduce a new quantum wave equation that tells us that gravity is both Lorentz symmetry break down and Heisenberg uncertainty break down at the Planck scale. Our wave equation in this sense includes gravity. For masses less than a Planck mass, probability will also dominate gravity, it is then a probability for Heisenberg uncertainty break down. At Planck mass size and up, determinism dominates.
For the first time, we have a simple quantum theory that unifies gravity with the quantum, all derived from a very simple model about the quantum. Our theory is simple, and we show that an indivisible particle is the fundamental unit of all mass and energy -- a quantity that has been missing in physics all the time. Newton was one of the last great physicists who thought that such particle was essential, but it was naturally impossible for one man to solve the entire problem. This paper stands on the shoulders of giants like Newton, Einstein, Planck, and Compton to explore these long-standing questions.
The beauty of our theory is that it keeps almost all existing and well-tested equations completely intact (unchanged) all the way to the Planck scale. Anything else would be a big surprise; after all, some areas of physics have been extremely successful in predictions and have been well-tested. Still, in our work, the Planck scale and all equations are united into one simple and powerful theory. Unlike standard physics, there are no inconsistencies in our theory. QM is unified with gravity, and even a simplified version of the Minkowski space-time is consistent with QM and gravity. A long series of mysteries in QM vanish, under our new interpretation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1520] **viXra:1904.0540 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-27 08:21:05*

**Authors:** Zane Andrea Quintili

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In this document we wish to show how the formula for the gravitational field expressed by the theory of general Relativity, can be valid also for measuring the atomic gravitational field through the substitution of the universal gravitational constant of Newton (G) with the quantum atomic constant of QHT (Gq) .

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1519] **viXra:1904.0530 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-27 17:13:25*

**Authors:** Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page. ty

the material+masses effected+actions
quantity(masses)+magnitude (constants)+time
quantity(masses)+ material+magnitude(constants)+masses effected(constants)+actions
and time is pace

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1518] **viXra:1904.0485 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-26 05:45:29*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 22 Pages.

In taking up from the preliminary papers [1][2][3][4][5][6] regarding the golden ratio algorithm for time, specifically paper 5 [5] regarding entropy and enthalpy, and paper 6 [6] regarding the golden ratio algorithm for the idea of the relativity of time, the key focus of this paper is the process of gravity emerging from electrodynamics and how that can be demonstrated per experiment. First, the nature of gravity as an emergent feature as per the golden ratio time-algorithm is discussed, highlighting mathematically its nature in space as a “singularity” that allows for the idea of kinetic energy, a feature known to co-exist with the idea of gravity. Two key experiments for gravity emerging from electrodynamics are then proposed, tested, the results of which then discussed, shedding new and important light on current “RF Resonant Cavity Thruster (EM-drive)” research.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1517] **viXra:1904.0441 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-24 03:48:33*

**Authors:** Anindya Kumar Biswas

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

A relation like Hubble
equation is derived
on a $(1+1)$-dimensional
brane moving in the $AdS_{1+2}$-kerr space-time. The relation is used
to obtain a Cardy-Verlinde
formula on the brane.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1516] **viXra:1904.0427 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-23 03:24:31*

**Authors:** Dong-Yih Bau

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

It is well-known that Einstein was most satisfied with his scientific discovery of general relativity. For this famous discovery, when he visited the Grand Canyon of the United States in 1931, the Hopi Indians praised him with the name of the “Great Relative.” However, do we really understand all of Einstein’s scientific thoughts? Herein, we introduce Einstein from the unfamiliar perspectives of principle theory, the success/failure system, and the cosmos, and we summarise our related series of work. The aim of this paper is to direct the general public and the scientific community to personally experience the scientific discovery of the mesocosmos as a solution to the problem of the cosmos, and to recognise this proposed new twenty-first century science. In an academic market where scientists and humanity sell and buy a great volume of bewildering scientific data, language, and mathematics without feeling amazement and awe at new fundamental and significant scientific discoveries, we suggest personally experiencing Einstein’s scientific thoughts, spreading this experiential gospel, and researching the cosmos in the era of the experience economy.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1515] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-21 10:35:58*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this hypothesis i will present possible mathematical model which describes gravity as consequence of tensor _{Kαβ} and symmetry associated with it. This hypothesis allows moving at a speed greater than the speed of light, but only if the length of the smallest change in time can be less than the Planck time. This hypothesis connects spins of particle with symmetries which that system meets or breaks.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1514] **viXra:1904.0412 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-21 12:56:28*

**Authors:** Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page. ty

gravitation is because of electromagnetic waves in space the more the space expands the more the molecules start to get separated and the more electromagnetic waves are produced and whenever a molecule in some mass is separated electromagnetic waves push the masses toward each other
the reason for electrostatics is because the protons and electrons are aligned so that no proton come near a proton and no electron near an electron so that maximum amount of space is passed through at any moment

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1513] **viXra:1904.0411 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-21 15:12:46*

**Authors:** Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page. ty

the universe has been hot for a long time after the big bang ans the heat produced afflicted masses in the universe with heat when the heat is cooled down from a mass the mass ends having extra space inside and as the heat produced as electromagnetic waves push two masses inwards due to them searching for extra space gravity happens

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1512] **viXra:1904.0382 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-19 18:08:39*

**Authors:** Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page. ty

in a previous paper called uniform field theory we have shown what happened to masses in space now its time to show how the masses interact with each other without the notion of spacetime now its all about electromagnetic waves electromagnetic waves produced by all masses push existing electromagnetic waves in space and so the mass moves in space because electromagnetic waves has a charge

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1331] **viXra:1908.0239 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-18 07:13:52*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Haug [1, 2] has recently introduced a new theory of unified quantum gravity coined “collision space-time.” From this new and deeper understanding of mass we can also understand how a grandfather pendulum clock can be used to measure the world shortest time interval, namely the Planck time [3, 4], indirectly. Such a clock can, therefore, also be used to measure the diameter of an indivisible particle indirectly. Further, such a clock can easily measure the Schwarzschild radius of the gravity object and what we will call “Schwarzschild time.” This basically proves that the Newton gravitational constant is not needed to find the Planck length or the Planck time; it is also not needed to find the Schwarzschild radius. Unfortunately, there is significant inertia in the current physics establishment towards new ideas that could rock the fundamentals, but this is not new in the history of science. Still, the idea that the Planck time can be measured totally independent of any knowledge of Newton’s gravitational constant could be very important to move forward in physics; we hope it will be given serious consideration in the future.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1330] **viXra:1907.0557 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-29 07:09:28*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework "The Solution to the Problem of Time" [1] the author introduced the concept of time that must be used to unify Gravity and Electromagnetism. In previous papers "The Holografic Universe Visualisation of Big Bang and Black Holes United Gravity and EM" [2] and "The Crisis in Physics as Result of Theory of General Relativity" [3] the author explained Gravity as underlying concept of EM. In this paper the author explaines how to combine all four know forces into one concept of force. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Grand Unified Theory, GOD, Book of Revelation to John

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1329] **viXra:1907.0492 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-11 17:35:09*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Despite the resounding experimental success of the Standard Model, the mystery of neutrino mass and neutrino oscillations must be approached from a framework for quantum gravity. Using well established results in condensed matter physics and in motivic mathematics, we present a new view of the quantum vacuum based on neutrino braid diagrams in quantum computation. The prediction of an effective 1.29 eV non local sterile state from the Koide matrix for neutrino masses fits known observational constraints.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1328] **viXra:1907.0492 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-04 16:18:50*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Despite the resounding experimental success of the Standard Model, the mystery of neutrino mass and neutrino oscillations must be approached from a framework for quantum gravity. Using well established results in condensed matter physics and in motivic mathematics, we present a new view of the quantum vacuum based on neutrino braid diagrams in quantum computation. The prediction of an effective 1.29 eV non local sterile state from the Koide matrix for neutrino masses fits known observational constraints.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1327] **viXra:1907.0131 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-18 21:13:04*

**Authors:** Li xiaohong, Lini

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Behind the natural phenomena scattered in different disciplines, whether there is a unified natural principle or the theory of all things, if there is such a thing, it should have some universality, consensus, and chord language phenomenon seems to have this feature.
Chord language consists of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (open, closed, N-string), symmetry, mirroring and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music, painting, meridian and other disciplines, used in time, space, life, spiritual expression, has accumulated for thousands of years, has been universal, observable, verifiable, Like the law of all things.
Music and painting are chord language phenomena, with discrete spectral forms of chord language (chords, tones, scales, etc.). In mathematics, the two are symmetric and mirror images.
The following is the chord language value formula used in music and painting, which is similar to Planck's formula.
S = HV, (S = semitone, H = equal temperament constant, V = frequency), minimum discrete value.
I=H^n.V (I=sound, n=sound value), allowing discrete values;
C=H^n1, n2, n3, n*.V (C=chord), discrete value spectrum.
In chord painting, chords exhibit the following spatial geometric characteristics:
major chord = H^0,4,7.V0，closed string
minor chord = H^0,3,7.V0，open string
Diminished Seventh = H^0,3,6,9.V0，Non-linar string
Chord language is both a spiritual phenomenon (music, painting) and a physical phenomenon (discrete spectrum, string), observing chord language events, such as music, painting, etc. - but also observing physical events, which has spiritual-natural isomorphism, which is its philosophical and cognitive characteristics.
The chord language is an ancient field whose mathematical model dates back to Pythagorean temperament in ancient Greece. After the gradual improvement of musicians in ancient times, the meridian science in ancient Chinese medicine observed the yin-yang (positive and negative) attributes of chord language—this is an important foundation of chord language, and the numerous classic works left by the history of world painting are The chord space language analysis, the study prepared sufficient conditions.
The natural laws of chord language are universal principles of nature, the theory of all things?

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1326] **viXra:1907.0131 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-14 05:19:31*

**Authors:** Li xiaohong, Lini

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Is there a unified natural principle or theory of all things behind the natural phenomena that are observed in different disciplines and scattered?
Below is the chord language value formula used in music, painting:
S = HV, (S = semitone, H = equal temperament constant, V = frequency), minimum discrete value.
I=H^n.V (I=sound, n=sound value), allowing discrete values;
C=H^n1, n2, n3, n*.V (C=chord), discrete value spectrum.
Here's the spatial semantics of common chords:
major chord = closed string
minor chord = open string
Discord = Non-linear string
The above formula shows that the chord language has both quantized and string features, and the chord value formula is similar to the Planck formula.
Chord language consists of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (open, closed, N-string), symmetry, mirroring and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music, painting, meridian and other disciplines, produced time, space, life, spiritual expression. There have been thousands of years of history, mature mathematical models, can be observed and verified.
Chord language is both a spiritual phenomenon and a physical phenomenon. Observing chord language events, such as music and painting, is also observing physical events. It has spiritual and physical isomorphism, which is its philosophical and cognitive characteristics.
Chord language, chord theory contains quantum theory, string theory? Is it the law of all things, the theory of all things?
Key words: chord language, chord space-time, theory of everything, quantum, string, music, painting, meridian

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1325] **viXra:1907.0131 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-10 18:11:55*

**Authors:** LI xiaohong

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Is there a unified natural principle or theory of all things behind the natural phenomena that are observed in different disciplines and scattered? Below is the chord language formula used in music, painting, with typical quantization features, and similar to the Planck formula:
S = HV, (S = semitone, H = equal temperament constant, V = frequency), minimum discrete value.
I=H^n.V (I=sound, n=sound value), allowing discrete values;
C=H^n1, n2, n3, n*.V (C=chord), discrete value spectrum.
Chord language consists of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (opening, closed string, N string), symmetry, mirroring (space-time duality) and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music (time expression), painting (spatial expression), meridian (life expression) and other disciplines, with Spiritual, physica isomorphism, It has thousands of years of knowledge accumulation, more mature mathematical models, can be observed, verified, should be the theoretical characteristics of everything.
Chord language is both a spiritual phenomenon and a physical phenomenon. It has spiritual and physical isomorphism. Observing chord language events (music, painting, etc.) is also observing physical events. This is the most prominent philosophical feature of chord language.
Is chord language the law of all things, or the theory of all things?
Key words: chord language, chord space-time, theory of everything, quantum, string, music, painting, meridian

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1324] **viXra:1907.0106 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-08 07:10:49*

**Authors:** M. U. E. Pohl

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” [1] and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within this third chapter, the author explains in how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought and to get back into Paradise to save this planet earth from burning in climate change and to prevent the final fall of the empire of “human being” into the nothingness like the age of dinosaurs ended in nothingness. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Key of Matrix, End of the World, World War, Artificial Intelligence, Flat Earth, Holografic Universe, Big Bang, Black Holes

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1323] **viXra:1907.0106 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-08 03:42:42*

**Authors:** M. U. E. Pohl

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” [1] and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within this third chapter, the author explains in how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought and to get back into Paradise to save this planet earth from burning in climate change and to prevent the final fall of the empire of “human being” into the nothingness like the age of dinosaurs ended in nothingness. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Key of Matrix, End of the World, World War, Artificial Intelligence, Flat Earth, Holografic Universe, Big Bang, Black Holes

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1322] **viXra:1907.0057 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-02 06:50:50*

**Authors:** John B. Wilson

**Comments:** 229 pages at time of submission

Using Special Relativity (SR) as a starting point, then noting a few empirical 4-Vector facts, one can derive the Principles that are normally considered to be Axioms of Quantum Mechanics (QM). Since many of the QM Axioms are rather obscure, this seems a more logical and understandable paradigm than QM as a separate theory from SR, and sheds light on the origin and meaning of the QM Principles. The SRQM or [SR→QM] Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: A Tensor Study of Physical 4-Vectors

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1321] **viXra:1906.0512 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-04 08:19:11*

**Authors:** Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay

**Comments:** 40 Pages.

Here we present a mathematical model formalizing the practice of science in nature. Under the premise that science is the best methodology to understand the World, then presumably a formalization of such is its best mathematical framework. Axiomatic science is a significant improvement over the informal practice of science and it has numerous desirable properties. Axiomatic science is a model of science and of physics, and as such, it contains a 'science' part and a 'physics' part. Axiomatic science is able to derive the 'physics' part, including the laws of physics, using the 'science' part as the starting point. Axiomatic science thus explains the origins of the laws of physics as a theorem of the formal practice of science. Finally, axiomatic science is 'clarification tool par excellence' for the foundation of physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1320] **viXra:1906.0443 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-30 15:40:35*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 32 Pages.

From the holographic perspective in quantum gravity, topological field theories like Chern-Simons are more than toy models for computation. An algebraic construction of the CFT associated to Witten's j-invariant for 2+1 dimensional gravity aims to compute coefficients of modular forms from the combinatorics of quantum logic, dictated by axioms in higher dimensional categories, with heavy use of the golden ratio. This paper is self contained, including introductory material on lattices, and aims to show how the Monster group and its infinite module arise when the automorphisms of the Leech lattice are extended by special point sets in higher dimensions, notably the 72 dimensional lattice of Nebe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1319] **viXra:1906.0443 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-14 16:06:53*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 30 Pages.

From the holographic perspective in quantum gravity, topological field theories like Chern-Simons are more than toy models for computation. An algebraic construction of the CFT associated to Witten's j-invariant for 2+1 dimensional gravity aims to compute coefficients of modular forms from the combinatorics of quantum logic, dictated by axioms in higher dimensional categories, with heavy use of the golden ratio. This paper is self contained, including introductory material on lattices, and aims to show how the Monster group and its infinite module arise when the automorphisms of the Leech lattice are extended by special point sets in higher dimensions, notably the 72 dimensional lattice of Nebe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1318] **viXra:1906.0443 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-03 16:10:06*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

From the holographic perspective in quantum gravity, topological field theories like Chern-Simons are more than toy models for computation. An algebraic construction of the CFT associated to Witten's j-invariant for 2+1 dimensional gravity aims to compute coefficients of modular forms from the combinatorics of quantum logic, dictated by axioms in higher dimensional categories, with heavy use of the golden ratio. This paper is self contained, including introductory material on lattices, and aims to show how the Monster group and its infinite module arise when the automorphisms of the Leech lattice are extended by special point sets in higher dimensions, notably the 72 dimensional lattice of Nebe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1317] **viXra:1906.0443 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-28 17:32:44*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 22 Pages.

From the holographic perspective in quantum gravity, topological field theories like Chern-Simons are more than toy models for computation. An algebraic construction of the CFT associated to Witten's j invariant for 2+1 dimensional gravity aims to compute coefficients of modular forms from the combinatorics of quantum logic, dictated by axioms in higher dimensional categories, with heavy use of the golden ratio. This paper is self contained, including introductory material on lattices, and aims to show how the Monster group and its infinite module arise when the automorphisms of the Leech lattice are extended by special point sets in higher dimensions, notably the 72 dimensional lattice of Nebe.
\end

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1316] **viXra:1906.0295 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-20 00:58:29*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

A study of the simplest Jordan-Brans-Dicke-like action within the context of Weyl geometry, combined with the findings of Weinberg’s Asymptotic Safety program in quantum gravity, leads to a plethora of nice numerical results : (i) like singling out the quartic potential from all the others; (ii) having (Anti) de Sitter space as the most natural solution; (iii) furnishing the value of the observed vacuum energy density at the Hubble scale (3/8 pi G_N R_H^2) ~ 10^{−122} M_P^4 ; (iv) and a value of {3/8 pi) M^4_P for the vacuum energy density at the Planck scale; (v) interpreting the “Bang” of the Big Bang as the singularity of the Weyl gauge field of dilations at t = 0 ushering in the era of inflation, and (vi) allowing the possibility that our universe is a Black Hole whose horizon coincides with the cosmological Hubble horizon. It is warranted to explore deeper the interplay among Weyl geometry, Asymptotic safety and Maldacena’s AdS/CFT correspondence (holographic renormalization group flow). Also relevant is the work by Wetterich on the role of dilatation symmetry in higher dimensions and the vanishing of the cosmological constant. Last, but not least, we should also consider the implications of Penrose’ Conformal Cyclic Cosmology and Nottale’s Scale Relativity Theory with the key findings of this work.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1315] **viXra:1906.0162 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-13 05:07:26*

**Authors:** Michael Tzoumpas

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The independent E/M waves are created, during the electron oscillations at an emission antenna. These waves do not compose the constant photon length, in contrast to the fundamental E/M waves of photon. Additionally, the Compton phenomenon is interpreted, while the atomic orbitals are standing waves the self-superposition of the motion wave of electrons.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1314] **viXra:1906.0127 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-13 02:32:06*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

In this paper the Standard Model of physics shall be examined for harbouring what can be demonstrated to be a faulty definition for space, a chimera, which has prevented physics from joining electromagnetism with gravity as theoretical and physical field driven entities. This chimera will be exposed to be “inertia”, which has led to absurd conclusions in ultimate equations of field forces across the expanse of space, most notably the need for dark energy and dark matter. An alternative approach in replace of this chimera is proposed, as a new concept for time examining bodies in motion, namely the idea of time as “the” most fundamental concept, and not space as it has been assumed as a field of inertial potential, from which a golden ratio “scaling system” for time shall calculated, making the the idea of space evident as emergent from the dimension of time, and most importantly describe how time behaves as light in regard to space. Upon that emergent space, a list of all the features derived from the golden ratio algorithm shall be once again brought to attention as per the previous papers [1-8] in being married up with known observed physical data. Such a process of examination shall highlight the fundamental failure of the idea of “inertia” in physical equations of bodies in space, and expose those equations as the “chimera” of modern-day physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1313] **viXra:1906.0127 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-09 21:45:20*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

In this paper the entire spectrum of the recent modern history of the Standard Model of physics shall be presented and examined and exposed for upholding a “chimera” concept which has prevented physics from joining electromagnetism with gravity as theoretical and physical field driven entities. This chimera will be exposed to be “inertia”, the bane of relativity, otherwise leading to absurd conclusions in ultimate equations of field forces across the expanse of space and time. A “fix” to this chimera is proposed, as a new concept for time examining bodies in motion, namely the idea of time as “the” most fundamental concept in space, from which the golden ratio “scaling system” shall be once again calculated from this new primordial level of conception and bodies-in-motion relationship. From those calculations of the golden ratio scaling system for time, the idea of space will become apparent as an emergence from the dimension of time, and most importantly how time behaves as light in regard to space. Upon that emergent platform of space, a list of all the features derived from the golden ratio algorithm shall be once again be brought to attention as per the previous papers [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8], highlighting these derived schemes as the mechanisms of “proof” for this new theory, as data and equations derived from first principles that then confirm what has been found through extensive historical scientific research. Such shall highlight the fundamental failure of the idea of “inertia” in physical equations and expose those equations as the “chimera” of modern-day physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1312] **viXra:1905.0459 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-05 20:09:20*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

We have recently presented a unified quantum gravity theory [23]. Here we extend on that work and present an even simpler version of that theory. For about hundred years, modern physics has not been able to build a bridge between quantum mechanics and gravity. However, a solution may be found here; we present our quantum gravity theory, which is rooted in indivisible particles where matter and gravity are related to collisions and can be described by collision space-time. In this paper, we also show that we can formulate a quantum wave equation rooted in collision space-time, which is equivalent to mass and energy.
The beauty of our theory is that most of the main equations that currently exist in physics are not changed (in terms of predictions), except at the Planck scale. The Planck scale is directly linked to gravity and gravity is, surprisingly, actually a Lorentz symmetry as well as a form of Heisenberg uncertainty break down at the Planck scale. Our theory gives a dramatic simplification of many physics formulas without altering the output predictions. The relativistic wave equation, the relativistic energy momentum relation, and Minkowski space can all be represented by simpler equations when we understand mass at a deeper level. This not attained at a cost, but rather a reflection of the benefit in having gravity and quantum mechanics unified under the same theory.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1311] **viXra:1905.0459 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-05-26 16:20:18*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 26 Pages.

We have recently presented a unified quantum gravity theory [1]. Here we extend on that work and present an even simpler version of that theory. For about hundred years, modern physics has not been able to build a bridge between quantum mechanics and gravity. However, a solution may be found here; we present our quantum gravity theory, which is rooted in indivisible particles where matter and gravity are related to collisions and can be described by collision space-time. In this paper, we also show that we can formulate a quantum wave equation rooted in collision space-time, which is equivalent to mass and energy.
The beauty of our theory is that most of the main equations that currently exist in physics are not changed (in terms of predictions), except at the Planck scale. The Planck scale is directly linked to gravity and gravity is, surprisingly, actually a Lorentz symmetry as well as a form of Heisenberg uncertainty break down at the Planck scale. Our theory gives a dramatic simplification of many physics formulas without altering the output predictions. The relativistic wave equation, the relativistic energy momentum relation, and Minkowski space can all be represented by simpler equations when we understand mass at a deeper level. This not attained at a cost, but rather a reflection of the benefit in having gravity and electromagnetism unified under the same theory.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1310] **viXra:1905.0244 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-05-21 03:59:26*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

Abstract.
A so called EmDrive ( Electro Magentic Drive) defy classical physics expectations because it shows repellent less or reaction less thruster qualities.
According to Quantum FFF Theory (Function Follows Form at the quantum level) however, the magnetic field is build on two monopole rigid string particles in the form of curved radiation trajectories, ( North and South) mostly cooperating opposing each other.
Thus, the magnetic quantum field has always TWO different shaped curved monopole vector components: a North- and a South vector field component.
This is comparable with the electric Quantum field, equipped with Plus and Minus vector components but it is in contrast with all other quantum fields like the neutrino- gravity-or x-gamma ray field.
However, based on observation of iron filing-powder pattern loss close to direct currents in a wire, it is postulated, that these monopole ( N+S) particle/ wave dualities travel locally parallel to each other inside the vacuum Axion/Higgs field, with a strong field reduction or even fading away as a result.
These field reductions (or dipping) are observed to be concentrated in a tubular form around the current in the wire.
There are two possible levitation principles, using the field reduction around a current in a conductor.
1: Levitation by dual conductor-magnet interference.
2: Levitation by dual conductor-conductor interference.
Ad 1, The Lorentz levitation force will become a non symmetric ( reduced) form, with a one sided reduced reaction force of the Anti Maxwell area around conductor coils on a local magnet ( figure 5)
The magnet will create a normal Lorentz force on the electrons in the wire for levitation, but the magnets do not “feel” locally the opposing magnetic Standard Maxwell field around the current in the wire. The EM Drive as the result.
Ad 2, The Lorentz levitation force will become a non symmetric ( reduced) form, with a one sided reduced reaction force created by the Anti Maxwell dipping area around the conductor coil with larger diameter conductor tubes, for effective screening of a second conductor coil with smaller diameter tubes conductors. ( figure 6)
The configuration of both systems (of 1 and 2) are suggested to most effective in the form of a disc, however the middle disc section of such a disc can be left out for easy manufacturing.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1309] **viXra:1905.0123 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-13 03:41:26*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 54 Pages.

This consciousness theory of everything, also called Quantum FFF Theory, (FFF = Function Follows Form) is a semi classical theory based on a symmetrical Big Bang into 8 or 12 Charge Parity (CP) symmetric copy universes.
The Quantum FFF Theory is a semi classical theory because it describes reality by the real collision and shape transformation processes of real sub quantum rigid stringy multiverse entangled particles.
Each particle is supposed to be conscious by its entanglement with 8 or 12 CP symmetric copy particles located inside 8 or 12 Charge Parity (CP) symmetric universal bubbles at long distance in raspberry shape.
Those particles are supposed to be based on only one original transformable ring shaped massless virgin particle called the Axion/Higgs particle assumed to be the product of the symmetric cyclic big bang nucleus as the creation of one symmetrical raspberry shaped multiverse equipped with an even number of material and anti material universal bubbles.
The Quantum FFF theory is called Semi classical because in addition to the ring shaped transformable rigid string particles, all universal bubbles are assumed to be each others Charge Parity (CP) mirror symmetric universal bubbles which are assumed to be instant entangled down to each individual string particle created out of the Axion Higgs splitting cold Big Bang.
The sheer simplicity of such a system is perhaps the reason that I could not find comparable proposals for such consciousness theories of everything.
David Bohm suggested in the "Copenhagen interpretation", that reality is not
created by the eye of the human observer, and second: elementary particles should be "guided
by a pilot wave" inside an “UNDIVIDED UNIVERSE”
In this Quantum-FFF Theory translated into: an “ UNDIVIDED MULTIVERSE” with multi universal instant entanglement between CP symmetric mirror strings)

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1308] **viXra:1905.0081 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-05-13 00:13:47*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

The idea that time is concordant to our perception in our frame of temporal reference yet different to another person’s frame dependent on motion, as Einstein outlined in his work of general and special relativity, is essentially stating that we are conscious according to the parameters of space-time and how that flows dependent on what our reference of relative motion is. Yet is there a scientific mathematical link between frames of time as a relativity of time in space? Surely in not considering how each frame of time reference can be linked mathematically, all the facets of physical reality in time as “equations” of time will not match up, such as most basically gravity and electromagnetism? This paper, a follow-on from seven previous papers [1][2][3][4][5][6][7] will present firstly the historical notions we have of time in science, as applied to scientific congress, and then discuss those problems that have been presented to us in using that axiom of time definition, most importantly that not knitting together those temporal notions presents us with a mathematics of space and mass and energy that are never knitted as mathematical equations in time yet only in using Einstein’s equation of e = mc2. So, a new axiom for time is presented as an algorithm that can knit together much of what we know of physical scientific data, including Einstein’s well-known equation. The quest of this paper is to demonstrate that it is possible to marry up electromagnetism with gravity using a common mathematical “function” for time universal in space, as temporal relativity, despite it offering a new set of equations for known physical data. Then finally a process of “proof” is offered for this new regard for time, as gravity emerging from electrodynamics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1307] **viXra:1905.0048 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-05-08 15:09:20*

**Authors:** Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

We introduce the quantum statistical physics of space-time events. Quantum statistical physics connects a microscopic/quantum description to a macroscopic/bulk state by the use of statistical priors and under the principle of maximum entropy. As the main result, we show that the statistical distribution of events in space-time, quantified by entropy, is a microscopic equivalent to the bulk curvature of space-time.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1306] **viXra:1904.0547 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-03 09:09:15*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 37 Pages.

Based on a very simple model where mass, at the deepest level, is colliding indivisible particles and energy is indivisible particles not colliding, we get a new and simple model of matter that seems to be consistent with experiments. Gravity appears to be directly linked to collision time and also the space the collisions take up; we could call it collision space-time. This leads to a completely new quantum gravity theory that is able to explain and predict all major gravity phenomena without any knowledge of Newton’s gravitational constant or the mass size in the traditional sense. In addition, the Planck constant is not needed.
Our model, combined with experimental data, strongly indicates that matter is granular and consists of indivisible particles that are colliding. Further, from experiments it is clear that the diameter of the indivisible indivisible particle is the Planck length. Our theory even predicts that there can be no time dilation in quasars, something that is consistent with observations and yet is inconsistent with existing gravity theories.
Several modern quantum gravity models indicate that Lorentz symmetry is broken at the Planck scale, but there have been no signs of this occurring, despite extensive efforts to look for Lorentz symmetry break downs. We show that Lorentz symmetry break downs indeed happen and, to our own surprise, this is actually very easy to detect. In our model, it is clear that Lorentz symmetry break down is gravity itself. This seems contradictory, as Planck energies are very high energy levels, but we show that this must be seen in a new perspective.
We also introduce a new quantum wave equation that tells us that gravity is both Lorentz symmetry break down and Heisenberg uncertainty break down at the Planck scale. Our wave equation in this sense includes gravity. For masses smaller than a Planck mass, probability will also dominate gravity; it is then a probability for Heisenberg uncertainty break down. At the Planck mass size and up, determinism dominates.
For the first time, we have a quantum theory that unifies gravity with the quantum, all derived from a very simple model about the quantum. Our theory is simple, and we show that an indivisible particle is the fundamental unit of all mass and energy – a quantity that has been missing in physics all this time. Newton was one of the last great physicists who thought that such particle was essential, but it was naturally impossible for one man to solve the entire problem. This paper stands on the shoulders of giants like Newton, Einstein, Planck, and Compton to explore these long-standing questions.
The beauty of our theory is that it keeps almost all existing and well-tested equations completely intact (unchanged) all the way to the Planck scale. Anything else would be a surprise; after all, some areas of physics have been extremely successful in predictions and have also been well-tested. Still, in our work, the Planck scale and all equations are united into one simple and powerful theory. Unlike standard physics, there are no inconsistencies in our theory. QM is unified with gravity, and even a simplified version of the Minkowski space- time is consistent with QM and gravity. A long series of mysteries in QM vanish, under our new interpretation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1305] **viXra:1904.0547 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-05-03 07:53:58*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 35 Pages.

Based on a very simple model where mass, at the deepest level, is colliding indivisible particles and energy is indivisible particles not colliding, we get a new and simple model of matter that seems to be consistent with experiments. Gravity appears to be directly linked to collision time and also the space the collisions take up; we could call it collision space-time. This leads to a completely new quantum gravity theory that is able to explain and predict all major gravity phenomena without any knowledge of Newton’s gravitational constant or the mass size in the traditional sense. In addition, the Planck constant is not needed.
Our model, combined with experimental data, strongly indicates that matter is granular and consists of indivisible particles that are colliding. Further, from experiments it is clear that the diameter of the indivisible indivisible particle is the Planck length. Our theory even predicts that there can be no time dilation in quasars, something that is consistent with observations and yet is inconsistent with existing gravity theories.
Several modern quantum gravity models indicate that Lorentz symmetry is broken at the Planck scale, but there have been no signs of this occurring, despite extensive efforts to look for Lorentz symmetry break downs. We show that Lorentz symmetry break downs indeed happen and, to our own surprise, this is actually very easy to detect. In our model, it is clear that Lorentz symmetry break down is gravity itself. This seems contradictory, as Planck energies are very high energy levels, but we show that this must be seen in a new perspective.
We also introduce a new quantum wave equation that tells us that gravity is both Lorentz symmetry break down and Heisenberg uncertainty break down at the Planck scale. Our wave equation in this sense includes gravity. For masses smaller than a Planck mass, probability will also dominate gravity; it is then a probability for Heisenberg uncertainty break down. At the Planck mass size and up, determinism dominates.
For the first time, we have a quantum theory that unifies gravity with the quantum, all derived from a very simple model about the quantum. Our theory is simple, and we show that an indivisible particle is the fundamental unit of all mass and energy – a quantity that has been missing in physics all this time. Newton was one of the last great physicists who thought that such particle was essential, but it was naturally impossible for one man to solve the entire problem. This paper stands on the shoulders of giants like Newton, Einstein, Planck, and Compton to explore these long-standing questions.
The beauty of our theory is that it keeps almost all existing and well-tested equations completely intact (unchanged) all the way to the Planck scale. Anything else would be a surprise; after all, some areas of physics have been extremely successful in predictions and have also been well-tested. Still, in our work, the Planck scale and all equations are united into one simple and powerful theory. Unlike standard physics, there are no inconsistencies in our theory. QM is unified with gravity, and even a simplified version of the Minkowski space- time is consistent with QM and gravity. A long series of mysteries in QM vanish, under our new interpretation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1304] **viXra:1904.0485 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-04-30 03:47:16*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 22 Pages.

In taking up from the preliminary papers [1][2][3][4][5][6] regarding the golden ratio algorithm for time, specifically paper 5 [5] regarding entropy and enthalpy, and paper 6 [6] regarding the golden ratio algorithm for the idea of the relativity of time, the key focus of this paper is the process of gravity emerging from electrodynamics and how that can be demonstrated per experiment. First, the nature of gravity as an emergent feature as per the golden ratio time-algorithm is discussed, highlighting mathematically its nature in space as a “singularity” that allows for the idea of kinetic energy, a feature known to co-exist with the idea of gravity. Two key experiments for gravity emerging from electrodynamics are then proposed, tested, the results of which then discussed, shedding new and important light on current “RF Resonant Cavity Thruster (EM-drive)” research.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1303] **viXra:1904.0441 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-30 10:48:50*

**Authors:** Anindya Kumar Biswas

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

A relation like Hubble equation is derived on a $(1+1)$-dimensional brane moving in the $AdS_{1+2}$-kerr space-time. The relation is used to obtain a Cardy-Verlinde formula on the brane.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1302] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-18 05:46:54*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In this paper i will present hypothesis that may be model for quantum gravity. Basic idea is field equation that field equation leads to cyclic nature of spacetime. Model does not break at Planck’s scale, it predicts spacetime loops at singularity of inside of a black hole.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1301] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-16 02:08:33*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In this paper i will present hypothesis that may be model for quantum gravity. Basic idea is field equation that field equation leads to cyclic nature of spacetime. Model does not break at Planck’s scale, it predicts spacetime loops at singularity of inside of a black hole.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1300] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-11 04:17:56*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In this hypothesis I presented a possible mathematical model and physical foundations
for quantizing gravity as a field satisfying the field equation (2.2), this equation is a differential
equation similar to a wave equation when only indexes are included a = b , the effect is a
wave in curved space-time. The basis of this hypothesis is that there is equality between the
derivative of the scalar part of the wave function depending on time measured and derivative
of curvilinear coordinates of this function. The field equation is independent of the space-time
scale, so it is the same for the time scale where Planck time is the minimum time as when any
of its powers is what is required to do not break Theory of Relativity.
Because the wave equation always gives some kind of cyclical function, it means that they will
produce surfaces enclosed in four-dimensional space-time, they are loops in space-timewhich
will occur for sure with Planck’s energy or singularities. For smaller energies, the loop can be
looped around because the Planck loop will not be able to perform a full turn only part of it. I
did not provide any solutions in this hypothesis - but to predict most of the consequences of
this exact equation they are not needed.
In this hypothesis there are symmetries that satisfy the field equation, these symmetries are related
to solutions of equations and thus particles with interactions that exist in standard model.
Although this is a gravity hypothesis, it describes the same interactions as consequences of
field equations. From these symmetries you can count the spin and the electric charge of the
particles. This hypothesis states that the wave function is a tensor and one needs to solve the
field equation to calculate this tensor, although the equation is written in scalar form, the unknowns
are energy tensors, metric tensor and wave function. The Planck scale is fundamental
here and becomes most visible effects are at energies close to Planck’s energy where this hypothesis
does differ significantly from Theory of Relativity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1299] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-02 06:14:13*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In this hypothesis i will present possible mathematical model which describes gravity as consequence of tensor K and symmetry associated with it. This hypothesis allows moving at a speed greater than the speed of light, but only if the length of the smallest change in time can be less than the Planck time. This hypothesis connects spins of particle with symmetries which that system meets or breaks.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1298] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-18 11:32:12*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In this hypothesis i will present possible mathematical model which describes gravity as consequence of tensor K and symmetry associated with it. This hypothesis allows moving at a speed greater than the speed of light, but only if the length of the smallest change in time can be less than the Planck time. This hypothesis connects spins of particle with symmetries which that system meets or breaks.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1297] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-16 16:14:12*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In this hypothesis i will present possible mathematical model which describes gravity as consequence of tensor K and symmetry associated with it. This hypothesis allows moving at a speed greater than the speed of light, but only if the length of the smallest change in time can be less than the Planck time. This hypothesis connects spins of particle with symmetries which that system meets or breaks.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1296] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-06 15:21:36*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 9 Pages. Is it possible to remove older versions? It's same paper but mistakes are corrected.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1295] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-28 03:34:21*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1294] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-22 15:37:07*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In this hypothesis i will present possible mathematical model which describes gravity as consequence of tensor K_{αβ} and symmetry associated with it. This hypothesis allows moving at a speed greater than the speed of light, but only if the length of the smallest change in time can be less than the Planck time. This hypothesis connects spins of particle with symmetries which that system meets or breaks.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1293] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-16 07:00:15*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In this hypothesis i will present possible mathematical model which describes gravity as consequence of tensor K_{αβ} and symmetry associated with it. This hypothesis allows moving at a speed greater than the speed of light, but only if the length of the smallest change in time can be less than the Planck time. This hypothesis connects spins of particle with symmetries which that system meets or breaks.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1292] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-05-18 07:04:24*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In this hypothesis i will present possible mathematical model which describes gravity as consequence of tensor K_{αβ} and symmetry associated with it. This hypothesis allows moving at a speed greater than the speed of light, but only if the length of the smallest change in time can be less than the Planck time. This hypothesis connects spins of particle with symmetries which that system meets or breaks.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1291] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-05-04 09:35:42*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

_{αβ} and symmetry associated with it. This hypothesis allows moving at a speed greater than the speed of light, but only if the length of the smallest change in time can be less than the Planck time. This hypothesis connects spins of particle with symmetries which that system meets or breaks.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1290] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-04-28 08:49:52*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

_{αβ} and symmetry associated with it. This hypothesis allows moving at a speed greater than the speed of light, but only if the length of the smallest change in time can be less than the Planck time. This hypothesis connects spins of particle with symmetries which that system meets or breaks.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory