**Previous months:**

2007 - 0702(1) - 0703(2) - 0706(1) - 0707(2)

2008 - 0807(2) - 0808(3) - 0810(9)

2009 - 0903(1) - 0907(6) - 0908(25) - 0909(8) - 0910(13) - 0911(21) - 0912(12)

2010 - 1001(3) - 1002(1) - 1003(6) - 1004(3) - 1005(4) - 1006(5) - 1007(4) - 1008(3) - 1009(6) - 1010(6) - 1011(9) - 1012(6)

2011 - 1101(5) - 1102(3) - 1103(8) - 1104(5) - 1105(7) - 1106(5) - 1107(3) - 1108(8) - 1109(7) - 1110(6) - 1111(9) - 1112(17)

2012 - 1201(7) - 1202(10) - 1203(11) - 1204(6) - 1205(11) - 1206(8) - 1207(11) - 1208(14) - 1209(6) - 1210(10) - 1211(8) - 1212(1)

2013 - 1301(15) - 1302(18) - 1303(15) - 1304(16) - 1305(12) - 1306(6) - 1307(10) - 1308(13) - 1309(12) - 1310(5) - 1311(14) - 1312(11)

2014 - 1401(15) - 1402(12) - 1403(12) - 1404(5) - 1405(12) - 1406(11) - 1407(17) - 1408(11) - 1409(18) - 1410(16) - 1411(18) - 1412(13)

2015 - 1501(19) - 1502(14) - 1503(15) - 1504(9) - 1505(13) - 1506(15) - 1507(19) - 1508(15) - 1509(20) - 1510(27) - 1511(22) - 1512(18)

2016 - 1601(12) - 1602(28) - 1603(21) - 1604(18) - 1605(21) - 1606(18) - 1607(21) - 1608(24) - 1609(16) - 1610(17) - 1611(25) - 1612(18)

2017 - 1701(25) - 1702(24) - 1703(13) - 1704(9) - 1705(13) - 1706(13) - 1707(13) - 1708(14) - 1709(16) - 1710(23) - 1711(15) - 1712(23)

2018 - 1801(18) - 1802(10) - 1803(22) - 1804(11) - 1805(20) - 1806(10) - 1807(16) - 1808(11) - 1809(12) - 1810(14) - 1811(17) - 1812(15)

2019 - 1901(12) - 1902(21) - 1903(36) - 1904(25) - 1905(16) - 1906(12) - 1907(12) - 1908(15) - 1909(12)

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1590] **viXra:1909.0486 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-22 07:25:26*

**Authors:** JianFei Chen

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

As has been found: In a hydrogen atom, if the proton increase 1/12 of the total mass of the electron, then the mass ratio of proton and electron is exactly an integer of 1836; And in a hydrogen molecule, hydrogen molecular bond energy is equal to 1/12 of the kinetic energy of two electrons. Both of two attraction involve the same ratio of 1/12, which should been determined by the same rules of energy. Author has explained the format process of the two attraction with energy and energy waves. The purpose of this paper is to study the four fundamental forces with energy and energy waves. Email: eastear@outlook.com eastear@163.com

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1589] **viXra:1909.0477 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-22 14:24:51*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

According to the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), there is the two-component spacetime composed of the SST Higgs field (which consists of tachyons) and the Einstein spacetime (which consists of the neutrino-antineutrino pairs). The neutrinos are built of the superluminal binary systems of closed strings (we call them the gravitons or entanglons). The closed strings in a graviton have parallel spins and opposite internal helicity. Gravitons are placed in the SST Higgs field so they carry the smallest "piece" of gravitational field. Neutrinos produce gradient in the SST Higgs field - it is the elementary gravitational field defined by the gravitational constant G. Generally, the gradients/gravitational-fields are the classical fields but at distances smaller than 3510.1831 multiplied by the equatorial radius of neutrinos there appear groups of gravitons emitted and absorbed by the core of neutrinos. Here we described phenomena that concern the quantum region of neutrinos. The Neutrino Quantum Gravity (NQG) leads to the volumetric quantum confinement of the neutrino-antineutrino pairs that is the origin of the masses of scalars in physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1588] **viXra:1909.0476 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-22 15:04:09*

**Authors:** Janko Kokosar

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

In a paper in year 2011 the author implicitly predicted the masses of the neutrinos using some old empirical formulae. Now this prediction is explicitly written, mass of one neutrino is calculated as 21.44240(50) meV, respectively 21.36459(49) meV, dependent of the model. (The other masses of the neutrinos are connected with one of these values.) According to the upper bounds of neutrinos masses in 2005, and respectively in 2019, the author calculates that the upper bound of the lightest neutrino mass approached between 3 times to 20 times to the predicted value in 2019 according to 2005. At the same time, cosmologists predict that in the next five years we will have values of the neutrino masses, not only the lower and upper bounds. Thus this prediction can be tested, and maybe p-value for accident will not be large. Besides, the prediction of the gravitational constant with the same formulae is also mentioned.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1587] **viXra:1909.0463 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-21 09:47:33*

**Authors:** Richard L. Marker

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

This paper develops the theoretical ratio of the gravitational force to
electromagnetic force between two electrons. The resulting ratio produces a
gravitational constant with the precision of electromagnetic constants.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1586] **viXra:1909.0428 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-20 21:33:11*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 13 Pages. FIRST DRAFT

In quantum logic, the emergence of spacetime and related symmetries goes hand in hand with the emergence of the real and complex numbers themselves. In this paper, we show how finite fields are surprisingly sufficient for most physical questions, once we throw away classical geometrical models in favour of categorical axioms. In particular, generalised Pauli matrix algebras are closely related to braid and ribbon diagrams, and holographic information for mass localisation gains its intuition from algebras for anyon condensation. We discuss definitions of homology and cohomology associated to braids, recalling the twistor construction of massive solutions in H^2.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1585] **viXra:1909.0417 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-19 09:59:08*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 55 Pages.

This consciousness theory of everything, also called Quantum FFF Theory, (FFF = Function Follows Form) is a semi classical theory based on a symmetrical Big Bang into 8 or 12 Charge Parity (CP) symmetric copy universes.
However such a cyclic multiverse seems to be only possible with special ingredients,
1: a propeller shaped fermion able transform by collision and spin in two pitch directions.
2: A fermion knot based dark matter black hole of enough rigid string content, to become stable against the fierce oscillations of the oscillating vacuum lattice and repelling all spinning Fermions. but not other black hole nuclei or photons.
As a result, The Quantum FFF Theory is a semi classical theory because it describes reality by the real collision and shape transformation processes of real sub quantum rigid stringy multiverse entangled particles.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1584] **viXra:1909.0318 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-15 20:50:16*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 428 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

The EHT picture is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes in universities, in research centers
“There is no Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, around the Event horizon of the Black Hole in Ferent Quantum Gravity, like the red color in the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
“All the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
“We do not see the black Event horizon, like in the EHT picture”
Adrian Ferent
“Einstein supermassive Black Hole picture from EHT is Black and Red; Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White; the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong, we do not see the black Event horizon because of the large luminosity as the result of gas and matter being accreted and we do not see the read light in the EHT picture around the Event horizon because at 3rs the Gravitational redshift does not exist”
Adrian Ferent
“You do not need a telescope to see a Black Hole, you need only an amazing brain to see it and a new Gravitation theory, Ferent Quantum Gravity”
Adrian Ferent
“At this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth”
Adrian Ferent
“There are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A*”
Adrian Ferent
“Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right”
Adrian Ferent
The UCLA picture of a Black Hole is right and the EHT picture is wrong!
https://ucla.in/2NVbhCh
The scientists from UCLA are right!
‘The new findings are based on observations of the black hole — which is called Sagittarius A*, or Sgr A* — during four nights in April and May at the Keck Observatory. The brightness surrounding the black hole always varies somewhat, but the scientists were stunned by the extreme variations in brightness during that timeframe, including their observations on May 13.’
The energy of the Gravitons emitted by the Black Hole is much higher than the energy of the photons.
“All the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
This means:
“There is no Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, around the Event horizon of the Black Hole in Ferent Quantum Gravity, like the red color in the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
That is why the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong.
This is another proof that:
“Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right”
Adrian Ferent
The read light in the EHT picture of the Black Hole is the Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, at 3rs around the Event horizon of the Black Hole.
The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong:
The Schwarzschild radius rs of an object is proportional to the mass.
The Schwarzschild radius rs of the Sgr A* is 12×10^6 km
rs = 2GM / c^2
Between rs and 3rs around the Event horizon in EHT picture is red light, it is the Gravitational redshift.
How I explained:
“All the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
This means:
The read light in the EHT picture of the Black Hole, around the Event horizon is wrong.
That is why:
“The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong and Einstein gravitation theory is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
“The picture of the Black Hole is white not red like the EHT picture of the Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
“I am the first who explained the Gravitational redshift”
Adrian Ferent
“We do not see the black Event horizon like in the EHT picture”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity the supermassive Black Hole picture is white because around it there are a lot of collisions between stars and planets. The large luminosity is the result of gas and matter being accreted by the supermassive Black Hole.”
Adrian Ferent
How easy was accepted the wrong EHT picture of the Black Hole by universities, research centers, peer-reviewed journals…
“The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes and Dark Matter in universities, research centers”
Adrian Ferent
“Einstein supermassive Black Hole is a Singularity; Ferent supermassive Black Hole has very small volume”
Adrian Ferent
The scientists from UCLA are wrong!
No danger to Earth
‘The black hole is some 26,000 light-years away and poses no danger to our planet. Do said the radiation would have to be 10 billion times as bright as what the astronomers detected to affect life on Earth.’
“Gravitons emitted by Black Holes kill Aliens”
Adrian Ferent
“The energy of the Gravitons inside a Black Hole, is much higher than the energy of gluons”
Adrian Ferent
“At this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth”
Adrian Ferent
“Gravitational Radiation is the most dangerous because it travels the farthest and is the most penetrating”
Adrian Ferent
“I am the first who explained the lack of extraterrestrial civilizations”
Adrian Ferent
“Extraterrestrial civilizations are on planets moving around stars far away from Black Holes”
Adrian Ferent
“There are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A*”
Adrian Ferent
Conclusions
“Einstein supermassive Black Hole picture from EHT is Black and Red; Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White; the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong, we do not see the black Event horizon because of the large luminosity as the result of gas and matter being accreted and we do not see the read light in the EHT picture around the Event horizon because at 3rs the Gravitational redshift does not exist”
Adrian Ferent
“The EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes and Dark Matter in universities, research centers”
Adrian Ferent
“At this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth”
Adrian Ferent
“There are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A*”
Adrian Ferent
This is another proof that:
“Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right”
Adrian Ferent
248. I am the first who discovered that there is no Gravitational redshift around the Black Hole, around the Event horizon of the Black Hole in Ferent Quantum Gravity, like the red color in the EHT picture of the Black Hole
249. I am the first who discovered that all the photons interacting with Gravitons will fall inside the Black Hole. We will see only the photons which do not interact with Gravitons that is why we see the White light around the Black Hole, not the read light like in the EHT picture of the Black Hole
250. I am the first who discovered that we do not see the black Event horizon, like in the EHT picture
251. I am the first who discovered that Einstein supermassive Black Hole picture from EHT is Black and Red; Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White
252. I am the first who discovered that Ferent supermassive Black Hole picture is White; the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong, we do not see the black Event horizon because of the large luminosity as the result of gas and matter being accreted and we do not see the read light in the EHT picture around the Event horizon because at 3rs the Gravitational redshift does not exist
253. I am the first who discovered that the EHT picture of the Black Hole is wrong; this shows how Low is the level of knowledge of the Black Holes and Dark Matter in universities, research centers
254. I am the first who discovered that at this distance, 26,000 light-years from Sgr A* the Gravitational flux on Earth is very small, but the Gravitons from Sgr A* destroy cells on Earth
255. I am the first who discovered that there are no Extraterrestrial civilizations in the center of our galaxy, because of Sgr A*
256. I am the first who discovered that Einstein gravitation theory is wrong and Ferent Quantum Gravity is right

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1583] **viXra:1909.0277 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-14 04:45:48*

**Authors:** Rodney Bartlett

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

I think the best way to describe this article is by listing the
CONTENTS -
INTRODUCTION - Speculations about life, the universe and everything which have a basis in science
SECTION 1 - STEFAN-BOLTZMANN LAW, RADIATION PRESSURE FROM THERMODYNAMICS, "VECTOR-TENSOR-SCALAR GEOMETRY" ANALOGOUS TO STRESS TENSOR / EIGENVECTORS / EIGENVALUES
SECTION 2 - VECTOR-TENSOR-SCALAR GEOMETRY AND THE NUCLEAR FORCES
SECTION 3 - THE STRESS TENSOR ON THE COSMIC LEVEL
SECTION 4 - BITS AND TOPOLOGY – CONTINUING THE THEME OF THE MOBIUS STRIP AND MATHEMATICAL MATTER
SECTION 5 - ANALOGY OF QUANTUM SPIN AND MATRIX ARRAY, WITH ELECTROMAGNETIC AND GRAVITATIONAL WAVES PRODUCED FROM PURE MATHEMATICS
SECTION 6 - DARK MATTER, DARK ENERGY AND A HIGHER DIMENSION OF SPACE-TIME
SECTION 7A - EXPLAINING OCEAN TIDES WHEN GENERAL RELATIVITY SAYS GRAVITY IS A PUSH CAUSED BY THE CURVATURE OF SPACE-TIME
7B - M-SIGMA
7C - GEYSERS ON SATURN'S MOON ENCELADUS
7D - A BRIEF HISTORY OF GRAVITY

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1582] **viXra:1909.0235 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-10 22:45:46*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 414 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Nobody understands Gravitation, because nobody understands Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Dark Matter has another Structure, based on Ferent length lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m much smaller than Planck length lP = 1.616199×10^(-35) m”
Adrian Ferent
“Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity because nobody understands Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
You learned from your professors that nobody understands Quantum Mechanics.
We understand Quantum Mechanics because there are a lot of applications of Quantum Mechanics.
But nobody understands what an electron is!
“The electron is a photon around Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron”
Adrian Ferent
The equation for an elementary particle made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Ferent equation for elementary particle as a quantum system:
“Ferent equation for elementary particles:”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent equation for elementary particle, made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Unification between Matter and Dark Matter!”
Adrian Ferent
Because Einstein Gravitation theory is wrong, nobody understands Gravitation!
Your professors will not say ‘nobody understands Gravitation’ because that means what you learned at Universities about Gravitation is wrong, the articles in peer-review journals are wrong, your Science books are wrong…
“Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space”
Adrian Ferent
“Newton and Einstein did not understand Gravitation, they calculated Gravitation”
Adrian Ferent
“Einstein's equivalence principle is wrong because the gravitational force experienced locally is caused by a negative energy, gravitons energy and the force experienced by an observer in a non-inertial (accelerated) frame of reference is caused by a positive energy”
Adrian Ferent
LIGO: “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Einstein’s gravitation theory is wrong, LQG, String theory… are wrong theories”
Adrian Ferent
Why nobody understands Gravitation?
“Nobody understands Gravitation, because nobody understands Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Gravitational force is mediated by gravitons faster than the speed of light, with negative momentum”
Adrian Ferent
“I quantized the gravitational field with gravitons”
Adrian Ferent
“Gravitational field is Gravitons”
Adrian Ferent
Why Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity?
Ferent Quantum Gravity:
“Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity because nobody understands Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
In Ferent Quantum Gravity I explained what Dark Matter is:
I discovered during the Big Bang:
“Two important walls:
The Ferent wall: here at time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s were created Dark Matter, Dark Photons and Gravitons.
The Planck wall: here at time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created Matter and Photons”
Adrian Ferent
Hawking and all the scientists did not understand Gravitation, Dark Matter and Black holes.
“Black holes are Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Dark Matter does not have temperature”
Adrian Ferent
“Gravitons from Black holes transform Matter, ‘heat’ in Dark Matter.”
Adrian Ferent
“Dark Matter has another Structure, based on Ferent length lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m much smaller than Planck length lP = 1.616199×10^(-35) m”
Adrian Ferent
Dark Matter does not emit, reflects and absorbs light.
“Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter.”
Adrian Ferent
That is why Gerard 't Hooft, Stephen Hawking and Leonard Susskind are wrong, because the information is lost inside a black hole.
I discovered the equation of the Dark Matter universe:
“In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall emerged the Spiritual universe.”
Adrian Ferent
“I discovered that: a < h < s”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:”
Adrian Ferent
Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Universe, material and spiritual
m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i
m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j
m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k
r1N – the position of Matter elementary particle N
r2M – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle M
r3L – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle L
Today all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain Dark Matter, they talk about Transparent matter because they can not see Dark Matter, they talk about Baryonic matter, Non-baryonic matter like axions, they talk about cold, warm or hot Dark Matte, about Spersymmetric Particles as Dark Matter…but NOT BEYOND THE PLANCK WALL.
Now they Stole my theory and they went beyond the Planck wall! Those who do not have a Gravitation theory, they started stealing my theory of Gravity.
https://www.sciencealert.com/new-study-brings-receipts-to-demonstrate-dark-matter-may-be-older-than-the-big-bang?fbclid=IwAR2IU7KARSt6FlR1SXAnRFR7NPzz-QHTj5EpuvAq_pwfxtZlv2GYFP3CVCY
The professors from the peer–review journal did not Search about ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ because they do not know, do not understand how difficult is to go beyond the Planck Wall.
Before me nobody was able to think what is beyond Planck Wall.
Because all the Scientists do not understand Dark Matter, they have only wrong theories about Dark Matter!
The biggest assault on Ferent Quantum Gravity and on my Dark Matter theory will be in October (Dark Matter Days). Dark matter-themed events will be hosted throughout the month by universities, laboratories, and institutions around the world.
‘We just don’t know what that missing mass and energy are, hence the names ’dark matter’ and ‘dark energy’.
Understanding dark matter will shine a light on the nature of the universe we live in. We are not yet sure if these discoveries will require a new understanding of physics.’
“All Nobel Laureates were ignorant, thinking inside the Planck Universe; nobody was able before me to go beyond the Planck Wall”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Ferent Quantum Gravity is a new theory, I did not use References”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG) Black holes are not cold or hot, Black holes are Dark Matter and do not have Temperature”
Adrian Ferent
“Virtual particles do not exist in Ferent Quantum Gravity, virtual particles exist in Quantum Field theory.”
Adrian Ferent
“Event horizons do not exist in Ferent Quantum Gravity, event horizons exist in Einstein General Theory of Relativity. At Event horizons there are only Gravitons without Hawking radiation.”
Adrian Ferent
245. I am the first who discovered that nobody understands Gravitation, because nobody understands Dark Matter
246. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter has another Structure, based on Ferent length lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m much smaller than Planck length lP = 1.616199×10^(-35) m
247. I am the first who discovered that Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity because nobody understands Dark Matter

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1581] **viXra:1909.0138 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-06 09:47:25*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

We compile a short list of reasons explaining why Quantum Theory (QT) and General Relativity (GR) cannot be trivially reconciled. Our opinion reflects a personal viewpoint and is likely to stand at odds with mainstream beliefs on Quantum Gravity, Black Hole phenomenology and related foundational topics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1580] **viXra:1909.0078 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-05 01:30:57*

**Authors:** Dong-Yih Bau

**Comments:** 9 Pages. Journal-ref: IJASRM 3 (3): 30-34 (2018). DOI:10.36282/IJASRM/3.3.2018.496

Universal laws elucidate a basic understanding of nature. Imagine how marvellous it would be to have universal laws in biology as there are in physics. Herein, we apply Einstein’s principle theory as a constraining method to identify a new universal biological law (or principle) called the success/failure system principle. Based on this principle, we develop a principle theory called the success/failure system hypothesis, which suggests that every planet has the potential to evolve into a success/failure system. Then, we describe the implications regarding our place in the universe, the role of universal laws in biology in a final theory, and the current global challenges of sustainability and scientific ethics. This paper concludes with the interdisciplinary interest and scientific significance of this hypothesis. The path to truth: Einstein’s cosmos, a theory of the universe, thoroughly includes a cosmic order defined by three theories, quantum mechanics, general relativity, and the success/failure system. With regards to the theory of the universe, current quantum gravity, string theory, and all other possible theories of the universe, except Einstein’s cosmos, are definitely not final. However, we seek a final theory of the universe. Thus, we suggest researching Einstein’s cosmos immediately and seriously. As a prologue to this new academic enterprise, we have pioneered this enterprise by storing several papers in viXra, in hope of the scientific community’s attention. Who is more intelligent than Einstein, a human with cosmic religious feeling? Today, Einstein’s scientific thoughts still firmly lead the scientific community to a final theory of the universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1579] **viXra:1909.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-09-02 07:54:28*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

The measurement is done by pointing laser light at a liquid and seeing how it is reflected. Compared to weight-spring seismometers, the PLI can detect angular motion in addition to translational motion (up-and-down and side-to-side), and it can pick up low-frequency motion with a very high precision. [21] A team of physicists and astronomers from Northwestern University is poised to lead gravitational-wave astronomy into its next evolution. [20] The improvement will see the twin observatories-located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US-double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1578] **viXra:1908.0631 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-31 13:30:57*

**Authors:** Eran Sinbar

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

The Higgs boson (or Higgs particle) produced by the quantum excitation of the Higgs field, that was confirmed on 2012 in the ATLAS detector at CERN is supposed to be the explanation for the mass of elementary particles. In this paper I will explain why this Higgs field is a new dimension which I refer to as the Grid dimensions (or Grid extra dimensions). This paper will explain what are the expected measurements regarding the Higgs particles based on this assumption. In this paper I will show what will be the future measured evidence that he Higgs particle measured at the particle accelerators is a quantum excitation of the Grid dimensions themselves.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1577] **viXra:1908.0602 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-29 18:36:15*

**Authors:** Michael Sarnowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In 2015 a method was proposed that predicts the mass of the electron to the neutron, this number was found to be 5.438 673 4446*10^-4. In 2017 this prediction was updated to 5.438 673 44424*10^-4. The new 2018 CODATA value is 5.438 673 4424(26)*10^-4 . The predicted values are within about .8 sigma. It was shown that the electron could be broken up into three, six component parts. The author postulates these six component parts to be two-dimensional rings. A factor for calculating this mass is shown in Abstract A of this paper to be 1.000000779229966. These papers are saying that the electron can be broken up into 18 parts and that there is a relativistic portion to the electron. We are proposing that this relativistic portion is related to the neutrino masses. The basic unit of the electron neutrino would be (1.0000007799229966-1) multiplied by the mass of the electron divided by 18. Which yields about .022 electron volts. It is proposed that the neutrino masses would be some multiple of .022 electron volts. The article “Mysterious Neutrinos Get New Mass Estimate” [8] in Scientific American, it states the maximum mass of the electron neutrino is .086 electron volts and the maximum mass for the combination of the neutrinos is 0.26 electron volts. The .022 electron volts of this article is in line with these results.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1576] **viXra:1908.0600 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-29 22:32:50*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

“In The Holographic Principle and How can the Particles and Universe be Modeled as a Hollow Sphere” [1] We found that the amount of matter in the universe is equal to the outside layer of the universe. We also find that the universe is not isotropic. In “Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”[2] We show that if red shifting of light is due to travel perpendicular to our location instead of away from our location that the universe is no longer isotropic looking. This would be contrary to the cosmological principle.
In “Gravity Most Related to the Proton Mass, Charge Most Related to the Electron Mass” [3], we showed that space was granular with the same particle everywhere. We called this particle the Plank sphere. In this paper we show that the Planck Sphere can follow the Lorentz transformation. As the Planck Sphere accelerates the discontinuities move away from the center of the Planck Sphere. This increases the energy which happens as the same proportion as the Lorentz transformation. Mass acts on the Planck spheres in the same way and creates the gravitational field. Once a Planck sphere has its momentum altered my any amount, that increased momentum travels, through adjacent Planck spheres, at the speed of light, settling only when it has reached a uniform field.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1575] **viXra:1908.0577 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-28 10:55:50*

**Authors:** Andrei Lucian Dragoi

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

This paper proposes a dimensional relativity hypothesis (DRH). DRH pushes the relativity of space and time to its…“informational” extremes, defining them as illusions created by the exchange of information in a bulk virtual matrix (BVM). No matter this current paper version, its latest variant can be always downloaded from this URL: http://www.dragoii.com/ALDragoi_DRH_latest.pdf

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1574] **viXra:1908.0533 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-27 00:28:13*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 405 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

The Dark Matter Electron
In Ferent Quantum Gravity:
“The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron”
Adrian Ferent
“Between the Ferent time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s and the Planck time t = 5.391 × 10^(=44) s were created the Dark Matter electrons”
Adrian Ferent
“When the photons were created, the photons with the energy 0.5 MeV and the Dark Matter electrons created the electrons”
Adrian Ferent
“The electron is a photon around Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“The high energy Gravitons emitted by Dark Matter keep the photon inside the electron”
Adrian Ferent
“The Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron”
Adrian Ferent
“The energy of the photon inside the electron is around 0.5 MeV”
Adrian Ferent
“The electron is a photon around Dark Matter and interacts with photons, because the electric fields satisfy the superposition principle”
Adrian Ferent
“The electron has an electric field due to the photon inside the electron”
Adrian Ferent
“Due to the photon inside the electron, the electron interacts with the electromagnetic field”
Adrian Ferent
“The photon inside the electron is the charge, is the electric field inside a volume equivalent with the electric field created by an electric charge.
An electric field surrounds an electric charge; the same thing inside the electron, the electric field of the photon surrounds the center of the electron.
Electric charge doesn't exist, was invented by scientists because they were not capable to explain the electric charge and what is inside the electron!”
Adrian Ferent
“I calculated the charge created by the photon with f = 10^(20) Hz inside the electron Q = 1.6 × 10(-19)
C, the electron charge”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent electron and positron collision:”
Adrian Ferent
“I discovered Dark Matter in electron and positron collision”
Adrian Ferent
DMe is the Dark Matter inside the electron
DMp is the Dark Matter inside the positron
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity is important the energies of the Gravitons emitted by Dark Matter, not the Dark Matter mass”
Adrian Ferent
“Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent equation for N elementary particles:”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent equation for elementary particle, made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Unification between Matter and Dark Matter!”
Adrian Ferent
I discovered during the Big Bang:
“Two important walls:
The Ferent wall: here at time t = 1.294 × 10(-86) s were created Dark Matter, Dark Photons and Gravitons.
The Planck wall: here at time t = 5.391 × 10(-44) s were created Matter and Photons”
Adrian Ferent
I discovered the equation of the Dark Matter universe:
“In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall emerged the Spiritual universe.”
Adrian Ferent
“I discovered that: a < h < s”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:”
Adrian Ferent
Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Universe, material and spiritual
m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i
m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j
m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k
r1N – the position of Matter elementary particle N
r2M – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle M
r3L – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle L
The Ferent wall: here at time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s were created Dark Matter, Dark Photons and Gravitons.
This means:
“Between the Ferent time t = 1.294 × 10(-86) s and the Planck time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created the Dark Matter electrons”
Adrian Ferent
“When the photons were created, the photons with the energy 0.5 MeV and the Dark Matter electrons created the electrons”
Adrian Ferent
“The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron”
Adrian Ferent
Today all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain Dark Matter, they talk about Transparent matter because they can not see Dark Matter, they talk about Baryonic matter, Non-baryonic matter like axions, they talk about cold, warm or hot Dark Matte, about Spersymmetric Particles as Dark Matter…but NOT BEYOND THE PLANCK WALL. Now they Stole my theory and they went beyond the Planck wall!
Before me nobody was able to think what is beyond Planck Wall.
241. I am the first who discovered a Dark Matter particle, the Dark Matter electron
242. I am the first who discovered the Dark Matter electron. The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron
243. I am the first who discovered that when the photons were created, the photons with the energy 0.5 MeV and the Dark Matter electrons created the electrons
244. I am the first who discovered that between the Ferent time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s and the Planck time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created the Dark Matter electrons

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1573] **viXra:1908.0509 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-25 17:00:21*

**Authors:** Paolo Bolzoni

**Comments:** Pages.

In this new study we want to propose an updated heuristic model to compute and to
interpret the dark energy content of our
universe.
To this purpose we include
the mass-energy of the static gravitational field in Newtonian gravity, finding agreement with general relativity at large scales. We then
compute its effect at very small
distances also including quantum effects. From this analysis, we obtain an estimation of the smallest volume
in empty space.
Our result is compatible with loop quantum gravity and
this enables the embedding in it.
After that we show, how this can be used to compute a
natural energy cutoff $k_c$ for all quantum fields and
study its utility in computing the dark energy density and its
implications on the content of fermionic
and bosonic elementary fields. Indeed for the vacuum equation of
state $w\,{=}\,p_{vac}/\rho_{vac}$ we obtain
an expression depending on
$\Delta N\,{=}\, N_f - N_b$, which represents the difference between the number of
species of fermions and bosons.
Finally comparing our
result with the measured value of $w$,
we discuss general constraints on the field content
beyond the Standard Model of the elementary particles.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1572] **viXra:1908.0508 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-25 18:09:24*

**Authors:** Andrei Lucian Dragoi

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

This paper proposes an elegant Adimensional Cyclic Universe (toy-)Model (ACUM) mainly based on the electrograviton hypothesis (EGH), the quantized gravitational waves hypothesis (QGW-Hyp) and the dimensional relativity hypothesis (DRH). DRH pushes the relativity of space and time to its…“informational” extremes (defining them as illusions created by the exchange of information in a bulk virtual matrix [BVM]): I have chosen the "ACUM" acronym also because “acum” means "now" in Romanian AND because ACUM emphasizes that both space and time are illusions created by pure-adimensional information transfer/exchange. Important note. No matter this current paper version, its latest variant can be always downloaded from this URL: http://dragoii.com/ALDragoi_ACUM_latest.pdf

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1571] **viXra:1908.0506 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-26 02:27:32*

**Authors:** Jeffrey ``Epstein`` McNutly

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In this paper (see below) I calculate the spatio-temporal volume of the universe and find it to be -1/12 ``McNutly``s, a convenient unit introduced in this paper.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1570] **viXra:1908.0467 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-22 08:31:29*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

One of the open questions in physics is: What happens when an object massive enough to influence the flow of time is placed in a quantum superposition state? [11] Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1569] **viXra:1908.0461 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-23 03:53:55*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Newton did not invent or use the so-called Newton’s gravitational constant G. Newton’s original gravity formula was F = Mm/r and not F = GMm/r. In this paper, we will show how a series of major gravity phenomena can be calculated and predicted without the gravitational constant. This is to some degree well known, at least
for those that have studied a significant amount of the older literature on gravity. However, to understand gravity at a deeper level, still without G, one needs to trust Newton’s formula. It is first when we combine Newton’s observation that matter and light ultimately consist of hard indivisible particles with new insight in atomism that we can truly begin to understand gravity. This leads to a quantum gravity theory that is unified with quantum mechanics where there is no need for G and even no need for Planck’s constant. We claim that two mistakes have been made in physics, which have held back progress towards a unified quantum gravity theory. First, it has been common practice to consider Newton’s gravitational constant almost holy and untouchable. Thus we have neglected to see an important aspect of mass, namely the indivisible particle that also Newton held in high regard. Second, we have built our version of quantum mechanics around the de Broglie wavelength, rather than the Compton wavelength. We claim the de Broglie wavelength is merely a mathematical derivative of the Compton wavelength.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1568] **viXra:1908.0444 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-21 21:43:20*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 396 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“To explain Gravity I went beyond the Planck Wall, to Ferent Wall and this extraordinary discovery was Stolen from me”
Adrian Ferent
“At first the scientists ignore your discovery, and then they say it's wrong and then they steal it”
Adrian Ferent
“All Nobel Laureates were ignorant, thinking inside the Planck Universe; nobody was able before me to go beyond the Planck Wall”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Ferent Quantum Gravity is a new theory, I did not use References”
Adrian Ferent
“Scientists use References in their articles because they are not capable to discover New Theories”
Adrian Ferent
They Stole my theory, Ferent Quantum Gravity!
Because Einstein Gravitation theory (GTR) is Wrong the Scientists, the professors Tommi Tenkanen from Johns Hopkins University, Avi Loeb from Harvard University start Stealing from Ferent Quantum Gravity where Dark Matter was First before Matter, where I discovered the Equation of the Dark Matter Universe!
They say the same thing ‘Dark matter (DM) may have its origin in a pre-big-bang epoch, Dark Matter have its origin before Matter’!
https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.061302
https://www.sciencealert.com/new-study-brings-receipts-to-demonstrate-dark-matter-may-be-older-than-the-big-bang?fbclid=IwAR2IU7KARSt6FlR1SXAnRFR7NPzz-QHTj5EpuvAq_pwfxtZlv2GYFP3CVCY
They say: ‘Perhaps, they were particles that appeared in a very brief period of time, just fractions of fractions of a second, before the Big Bang’.
I discovered:
“Two important walls:
The Ferent wall: here at time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s were created Dark Matter, Dark Photons and Gravitons.
The Planck wall: here at time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created Matter and Photons”
Adrian Ferent
I calculated t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s that ‘very brief period of time’.
I discovered the equation of the Dark Matter universe:
“In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall emerged the Spiritual universe.”
Adrian Ferent
“I discovered that: a < h < s”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:”
Adrian Ferent
Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Universe, material and spiritual
m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i
m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j
m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k
r1N – the position of Matter elementary particle N
r2M – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle M
r3L – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle L
I discovered:
“Because Black Holes are Dark Matter, Black Holes do not have temperature”
Adrian Ferent
How I was able to go beyond the Planck Wall?
Conservation of Energy
The law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system cannot change in time.
Planck energy is nature’s maximum allowed matter energy for point-energy (quanta).
“During the Big Bang, the Dark Matter energy at Ferent wall, is equal with the Planck energy at Planck Wall”
Adrian Ferent
Who else tried without success to go beyond the Planck Wall?
The Bogdanov affair was an academic dispute regarding the legitimacy of a series of theoretical physics papers written by French twins Igor and Grichka Bogdanov, they proposed a theory for describing what occurred at and before the Big Bang.
After 1 year of hard research I was able to go beyond the Planck wall and there was Dark Matter!
I defined the Ferent wall and there started the Dark Matter universe and they Stole my research.
Today all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain Dark Matter, they talk about Transparent matter because they can not see Dark Matter, they talk about Baryonic matter, Non-baryonic matter like axions, they talk about cold, warm or hot Dark Matte, about Spersymmetric Particles as Dark Matter…but NOT BEYOND THE PLANCK WALL. Now they Stole my theory and they went beyond the Planck wall!
Before me nobody was able to think what is beyond Planck Wall.
I discovered the equation of Dark Matter universe and I posted at all important universities, easy to Steal!
If you do a Search on Google about ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ you can see my presentations in 2014, 2015…
The professors from the peer–review journal did not Search about ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ because they do not know, do not understand how difficult is to go beyond the Planck Wall.
To go beyond the Planck Wall it is the biggest discovery of the 21st century in my view, but it is not considered important by peer-review journals!
When Einstein, Hawking, Feynman…were not capable to go ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ the professors from the peer–review journal did not ask the question: How these scientists who Stole my theory were capable to go ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’.
That is why I did not post Ferent Quantum Gravity in peer–review journals!
All my Articles Start in the last years with:
“I discovered a new Gravitation theory which breaks the wall of Planck scale!”
They stole this extraordinary discovery from me!
Looks like next time the Scientists will Steal my Ferent Quantum Gravity based on Gravitons, they will Steal what the electron is, how the Sun was formed…
“Because Ferent Quantum Gravity is a new theory, I did not use References”
Adrian Ferent
“Scientists use References in their articles because they are not capable to discover New Theories”
Adrian Ferent
“If you can not put your name on an equation you are not a scientist”
Adrian Ferent
“Working at Planck scale on Quantum gravity is not easy, that is why a lot of scientists in packs work on wrong Gravitation theories”
Adrian Ferent
240. I am the first who discovered a new Gravitation theory ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’, started with Dark Matter at Ferent Wall and this extraordinary discovery was Stolen from me

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1567] **viXra:1908.0392 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-18 15:40:31*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Within the first article „Solution to the Problem of Time“ [1] the author explored the origin of time and suggested the Unified Priciples of Nature that must be applied in order to unify Quantum Gravity and General Relativity without contradiction. To emphasis the urging conclusion out of the Solution to the „Problem of Time“ the author summarize in this paper the claim to reintroduce rational thought and argument in science in order to solve pressing problems in human society. Science must consider the Scientific God to unite Quantum Theroy and General Relativity into a theory that can describe and predict reality.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1566] **viXra:1908.0388 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-18 19:31:04*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

In this paper, theoretical uncertainties fuelled by ad-hoc fixes of theory to explain observed astrophysical anomalies using models upholding the idea of space being a field of potential inertia for bodies in relative motion are discussed. A few of the basic discussion points include determining the difference between scientific space and mathematical space, the cosmic expansion of space, the ad-hoc theoretical localised effect of gravity in galaxies, and the need to use ideas such as dark matter and dark energy. This paper takes the current uncertainties and ad-hoc theoretical fixes in astrophysics theory and places those uncertainties and ad-hoc theoretical fixes together with the aim of determining the root cause of all the general anomalies, here in this paper identified as the idea of labelling space with “inertia”. Then, a general idea of space, more universal than contemporary theories hold, is presented, and demonstrated to uphold all observed astrophysical data. The general “fix” proposed here is a new theory for space, joining both the contemporary scientific and mathematical notions of space in the one construct without using the idea of “inertia”. To achieve this task, a general review of astrophysical data is presented, and each theoretical step used in history to explain that observed astrophysical data, while along the process here making mention both the uncertainty and the ad-hoc theoretical fix being used. all leading to “one” fundamental key oversight in physics theory, prompting the general fix to the standard model. Finally, a new landscape of the universe as a model is presented bearing reference to this new appraisal of space, further shedding light on the previous series of papers [1-10].

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1565] **viXra:1908.0239 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-11 15:52:02*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Haug [1, 2] has recently introduced a new theory of unified quantum gravity coined “collision space-time.” From this new and deeper understanding of mass we can also understand how a grandfather pendulum clock can be used to measure the world shortest time interval, namely the Planck time [3, 4], indirectly. Such a clock can, therefore, also be used to measure the diameter of an indivisible particle indirectly. Further, such a clock can easily measure the Schwarzschild radius of the gravity object and what we will call “Schwarzschild time.” This basically proves that the Newton gravitational constant not is needed to find the Planck length or the Planck time; it is also not needed to find the Schwarzschild radius. Unfortunately, there is significant inertia in the current physics establishment towards new ideas that could rock the fundamentals, but this is not new in the history of science. Still, the idea that the Planck time can be measured totally independent of any knowledge of Newton’s gravitational constant could be very important to move forward in physics; we hope it will be given serious consideration in the future.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1564] **viXra:1908.0183 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-08-09 01:30:40*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

Researchers have, for the first time, identified the sufficient and necessary conditions that the low-energy limit of quantum gravity theories must satisfy to preserve the main features of the Unruh effect. [12] Two teams of researchers working independently of one another have come up with an experiment designed to prove that gravity and quantum mechanics can be reconciled. [11] Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1563] **viXra:1907.0557 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-28 21:56:25*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time�? [1] the author introduced the concept of time that must be used to unify Gravity and Electromagnetism. In previous papers „The Holografic Universe Visualisation of Big Bang and Black Holes United Gravity and EM“ [2] and “The Crisis in Physics as Result of Theory of General Relativity“ [3] the author explained Gravity as underlying concept of EM. In this paper the author explaines how to combine all four know forces into one concept of force.
Keywords: Theory of Everything, Grand Unified Theory, GOD, Book of Revelation to John

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1562] **viXra:1907.0492 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-25 17:17:11*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Summary of talk given at NZIP 2019, Christchurch
Despite the resounding experimental success of the Standard Model, the mystery of neutrino mass and neutrino oscillations must be approached from a framework for quantum gravity. Using well established results in condensed matter physics and in motivic mathematics, we present a new view of the quantum vacuum based on neutrino braid diagrams in quantum computation. The prediction of an effective 1.29 eV non local sterile state from the Koide matrix for neutrino masses fits known observational constraints.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1561] **viXra:1907.0438 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-23 18:15:26*

**Authors:** Colin James III

**Comments:** 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The equation for naive scale invariance is not tautologous, refuting it as basis for the world as a hologram of ’t Hooft. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1560] **viXra:1907.0376 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-19 22:02:59*

**Authors:** Li xiaohong

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

:Humans have two sets of space-time expressions: reference system space-time and chord time-space, simply put: reference system space-time from the clock, ruler and other external reference system, chord space-time from the discrete spectrum, string (opening string, closed string, non-line string), usually, science, physics using the reference system of space-time, music, painting using chord space-time.
Chord time and space is the semantic expression of chord language, music expression time, painting expression space, both have discrete spectral forms (chord, tone, scale, etc.), mathematically each other as an inverse mirror, can be converted by chord value formula.
Chord language produces semantic expressions of time, space, life, spirit, etc. in music, painting, meridian (chinese ancient medical theory) and so on. The basic forms are: quantum discrete spectrum, string (open, closed, non-line string), symmetry, mirroring and other physical, mathematical (geometric) features. There have been thousands of years of historical accumulation, with a certain universality, consensus, easy to observe, verification.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1559] **viXra:1907.0336 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-17 13:48:01*

**Authors:** Sangwha Yi

**Comments:** 5 Pages. Thank you for reading

In the general relativity theory, using Einstein’s gravity field equation, we discover the spherical solution of the classical quantum gravity. The careful point is that this theory is different from the other quantum theory. This theory is made by the Einstein’s classical field equation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1558] **viXra:1907.0334 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-18 00:38:31*

**Authors:** Nishant kumar sharma

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

In This Manuscript We Will Study About The Gravitation Formula Of Non-Interactive Formula Which Will Be Derived From The Sir Isaac Newton’s Gravitation Formula ,Then By Using Non-Interactive Mechanics We Will Study How The Gravitation Formula Of Non-Interactive Mechanics Shows Sir Newton’s Laws Of Motion, Here We Will Discuss First Law , Second Law And Third Law ,Then We Will Study Non-Interactive Particles Are The First Force And Work Of Each Action. why Graviton Should Be A Non-Interactive Particle. Why Any Mass State Can’t Be In Rest In Universe According To Classical And Non-Interactive Mechanics. The Free Movement Of Non-Intractable Particles In Universe Existence Of Non-Intractable Particles In Space And Solar System.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1557] **viXra:1907.0257 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-16 02:36:17*

**Authors:** Michael A. Ivanov

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

The additional deceleration of massive bodies and the redshift of
remote objects in the model of low-energy quantum gravity are
caused by collisions with gravitons. Some results of numerical
modeling of a motion of bodies in the central field by the
influence of this additional deceleration are described here. The
two peculiarities of modified dynamics take place: an absence of
closed orbits and a possibility of the non-planar motion of
massive bodies in the central field.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1556] **viXra:1907.0161 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-09 10:04:29*

**Authors:** Andrei Lucian Dragoi

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

This paper proposes a Simple…Graviton(-based) Universe (toy-)Model (SGUM) which implies a short list of postulates, statements and assumptions (subquantum movement generating rest masses for almost all known elementary particles; a large palette of gravitons with various quantum angular spins, non-zero volumes and a common energetic density for all known elementary particles with non-zero positive rest energies/masses etc) with far reaching predictions and consequences beyond the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics, bringing quantum mechanics (QM) and Einstein’s general relativity (EGR) very close to each other:
(1)the existence of at least three more scalar bosons (called “X bosons” [Xbs]) heavier than Higgs boson (Hb), with the heaviest of them (named “super-Higgs boson” [SHb]) predicted to be the quanta of a “super-Higgs field” (SHF) which is a plausible candidate for a hypothetical primordial gravitational unified field that dominated the pre-Big-Bang quasi-singularity;
(2)a set of non-zero radii (and thus volumes) for all known elementary particles (EPs) with non-zero positive rest masses (rM)/ energies;
(3)a set of Planck-like gravitonic constants (measuring the quantum angular momentum of gravitons identified with EPs) for all known EPs with rM>0;

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1555] **viXra:1907.0131 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-08 19:01:08*

**Authors:** Li xiaohong, Lini

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Is there a unified natural principle or theory of everything behind the natural phenomena observed in different disciplines?
Here is the formula for chord language, similar to Planck's formula.
S = HV, (S = semitone, H = equal temperament constant, V = frequency), minimum discrete value.
I=H^n.V (I=sound, n=sound value), allowing discrete values;
C=H^n1, n2, n3, n*.V (C=chord), discrete value spectrum.
The chord language consists of chord spectrum, with physics, mathematics (geometry) features such as quantization, string (open string, closed string, N string), symmetry, mirror image, etc., expressed in music, painting, meridian and other phenomena, used for time , space, life, spiritual expression, it has accumulated thousands of years of understanding, more mature mathematical models, can be observed, verified,This should be a feature of the theory of everything.
Similarly, physics theory also shows chord language features, such as: quantization, string theory, etc., is the role of chord language?
What is the theory of all things hidden in music and painting?
Key words: chord language, chord space-time, theory of everything, quantum, string, music, painting, meridian

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1554] **viXra:1907.0106 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-06 14:32:39*

**Authors:** M. U. E. Pohl

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” [1] and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within this third chapter, the author explains in how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought and to get back into Paradise to save this planet earth from burning in climate change and to prevent the final fall of the empire of “human being” into the nothingness like the age of dinosaurs ended in nothingness.
Keywords: Theory of Everything, Key of Matrix, End of the World, World War, Artificial Intelligence, Flat Earth, Holografic Universe, Big Bang, Black Holes

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1553] **viXra:1907.0066 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-03 15:57:50*

**Authors:** Cliff Ellgen

**Comments:** Pages.

This paper reproduces the dynamics of quantum mechanics with a four-dimensional spacetime manifold that is branched and embedded in a six-dimensional Minkowski space. Elementary fermions are represented by knots in the manifold, and these knots have the properties of the familiar particles. We derive a continuous model that approximates the behavior of the manifold's discrete branches. The model produces dynamics on the manifold that corresponds to the gravitational, strong, and electroweak interactions.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1552] **viXra:1907.0057 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-07-03 08:55:26*

**Authors:** John B. Wilson

**Comments:** 217 pages at time of submission

Using Special Relativity (SR) as a starting point, then noting a few empirical 4-Vector facts, one can derive the Principles that are normally considered to be Axioms of Quantum Mechanics (QM). Since many of the QM Axioms are rather obscure, this seems a more logical and understandable paradigm than QM as a separate theory from SR, and sheds light on the origin and meaning of the QM Principles. The SRQM or [SR→QM] Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: A Tensor Study of Physical 4-Vectors

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1551] **viXra:1906.0559 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-29 23:42:26*

**Authors:** Jonathan J. Dickau

**Comments:** 1 Page. Poster for GR22 session A3 modified theories of gravity (theor.)

The long-range transition to 5-d or higher, seen in DGP gravity, cascading DGP, and some other theories, can be interpreted as a prior epoch or precursor universe. This transition has therefore been proposed to be a black hole in 5-d → 4-d white hole and a spacetime bubble that is our cosmos. The same transition is represented in the Mandelbrot Set at (-0.75,0i), where the cardioid meets the circular disc, mimicking Cartan’s rolling ball analogy for G2 symmetries – when M is extended into higher dimensions. We can therefore study this in an archetypical setting, and it suggests a unique exit from a higher-dimensional origin, which conveniently explains the weakness of gravity and accelerating expansion. Other analogies allow us to discuss graviton properties and phenomenology. Notably the Misiurewicz point at about (-1.543689,0i) represents the quantum critical point in BEC formation, which has been connected to black hole event horizons. A consistent model for gravity with higher-dimensional origins is offered.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1550] **viXra:1906.0558 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-29 23:54:39*

**Authors:** Jonathan J. Dickau

**Comments:** 1 Page. Poster for GR22 sess. D4 Quan. fields in curved spacetime, semi-Class. grav., Quan. grav. phen., & theor. of analogue grav.

The Mandelbrot Set displays features of the 5-d → 4-d transition in DGP gravity and in theories where a 5-d black hole gives rise to a 4-d white hole and spacetime bubble – which is our present-day cosmos – at (-0.75,0i). The ratio of radii here is 3:1 in imitation of Cartan’s rolling ball analogy for Lie group G2 symmetries. Holographic dualities are displayed across the boundary, linking the quantum mechanics in the precursor universe with the astrophysical realm in the current era, which we discuss. Then we examine the Misiurewicz point at about (-1.543689,0i) where is clearly depicted an analogy of BEC formation and Schwarzschild black hole event horizons, which forms an important part of the analog gravity program. The fact both of these dynamics are displayed in the same object indicates that the theories are not mutually-exclusive and could coexist in nature.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1549] **viXra:1906.0443 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-23 16:51:38*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

From the holographic perspective in quantum gravity, topological field theories like Chern-Simons are more than toy models for computation. An algebraic construction of the CFT associated to Witten's j invariant for 2+1 dimensional gravity aims to compute coefficients of modular forms from the combinatorics of quantum logic, dictated by axioms in higher dimensional categories, with heavy use of the golden ratio. This paper is self contained, including introductory material on lattices, and aims to show how the Monster group and its infinite module arise when the automorphisms of the Leech lattice are extended by special point sets in higher dimensions, notably the 72 dimensional lattice of Nebe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1548] **viXra:1906.0441 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-24 00:22:43*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

In this paper, a follow-on from papers 1-9 [1-9], the idea of consciousness as a feature of the process itself of scientific inquiry shall come to attention; here, as per the previous papers and in alliance with contemporary notions of the idea of consciousness and time, the idea of “consciousness” shall be presented as the ideal “fixed” frame of reference with time, going a step beyond the concept both Descartes and Einstein assumed in their works as a requirement of scientific theory genesis for the ideas of time and space, and above all “our required ability to exercise certain conscious functions to fully utilise the associated theory of time and space”. Ultimately, this proposed model of consciousness shall be demonstrated to not only abide with contemporary models of consciousness and thought, yet take those ideas a step ahead, as much as the new theory for time and space presented here as the golden ratio algorithm for time is being considered as a step ahead of contemporary ideas in physics. The aim here is not to change the impetus of our thinking, our philosophizing, or our world-view, yet to assess how a new theory of time and space aligns with a new ability, a new exercise of our conscious ability, to achieve that ability, to theorize time and space anew, as a step ahead of what has been previously thought possible in defining not just time, yet that tagged reference to time as consciousness.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1547] **viXra:1906.0337 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-18 19:50:29*

**Authors:** John Peel

**Comments:** 2 Pages. Notes

Some notes on early material and contact.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1546] **viXra:1906.0317 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-17 19:51:32*

**Authors:** Thomas Denley

**Comments:** 1 Page.

People have been adhering too rigidly to rules to divide by zero. Their calculators display it as undefined. The calculators were programmed by humans who did not yet understand what division by zero means.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1545] **viXra:1906.0295 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-15 07:50:03*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 18 Pages. Submitted to Classical and Quantum Gravity

A study of the simplest Jordan-Brans-Dicke-like action within the context of Weyl geometry, combined with the findings of Weinberg's Asymptotic Safety program in quantum gravity, leads to a plethora of nice numerical results : (i) like singling out the quartic potential from all others; (ii) having (Anti) de Sitter space as the most natural solution; (iii) furnishing the value of the observed vacuum energy density at the Hubble scale $ { 3 \over 8 \pi G_N R_H^2} \sim
10^{ - 122 } M_P^4$; (iv) a $ { 3 \over 8 \pi } M_P^4$ vacuum energy density at the Planck scale; and (v) allowing the possibility that our universe is a Black Hole whose horizon coincides with the cosmological Hubble horizon. It is warranted to explore deeper the interplay among Weyl geometry, Asymptotic safety and Maldacena's $AdS/CFT$ correspondence (holographic renormalization group flow). Also relevant is the work by Wetterich on the role of dilatation symmetry in higher dimensions and the vanishing of the cosmological constant. Last, but not least, we should also consider the implications of Penrose' Conformal Cyclic Cosmology and Nottale's Scale Relativity Theory
with the key findings of this work.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1544] **viXra:1906.0288 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-15 11:19:33*

**Authors:** Andrey N. Smirnov

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Local symmetries in the theory of emergent space-time are considered. It is shown that in this theory there are U(1) and SU(3) local symmetries. The wave-particle duality is considered.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1543] **viXra:1906.0238 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-13 13:42:16*

**Authors:** Yasser alsharif

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

I am talking about the vibrating position of the spatial dimensions of the Planck length scale. The speed of the light is affected by this vibration. It is also transmitted through it, also how gravity is weak and how the velocity of Blanc's vibration affects the mass so that this mass absorbs this direction to create an opposite gravity towards it.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1542] **viXra:1906.0235 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-13 16:24:40*

**Authors:** Eran Sinbar

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The many world interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, the extra dimensions of string theory, the unexplained entanglement in quantum theory, the mysterious dark energy and dark matter, all link together to the possibility that our three dimension universe is not the entire picture and that we need to find an improved model of space time that can deal with these new concepts. This paper will suggest a new way of looking at our three-dimension universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1541] **viXra:1906.0162 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-11 04:37:17*

**Authors:** Michael Tzoumpas

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The independent E/M waves are created as another form of E/M waves, during the electron oscillations at an emission antenna. These waves do not compose the constant photon length, in contradiction to the fundamental E/M waves of photon. Additionally, the Compton phenomenon is interpreted, while the atomic orbitals are standing waves the self-superposition of the motion wave of electrons.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1540] **viXra:1906.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-06-09 00:14:50*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

In this paper the entire spectrum of the recent modern history of the Standard Model of physics shall be presented and examined and exposed for upholding a “chimera” concept which has prevented physics from joining electromagnetism with gravity as theoretical and physical field driven entities. This chimera will be exposed to be “inertia”, the bane of relativity, otherwise leading to absurd conclusions in ultimate equations of field forces across the expanse of space and time. A “fix” to this chimera is proposed, as a new concept for time examining bodies in motion, namely the idea of time as “the” most fundamental concept in space, from which the golden ratio “scaling system” shall be once again calculated from this new primordial level of conception and bodies-in-motion relationship. From those calculations of the golden ratio scaling system for time, the idea of space will become apparent as an emergence from the dimension of time, and most importantly how time behaves as light in regard to space. Upon that emergent platform of space, a list of all the features derived from the golden ratio algorithm shall be once again be brought to attention as per the previous papers [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8], highlighting these derived schemes as the mechanisms of “proof” for this new theory, as data and equations derived from first principles that then confirm what has been found through extensive historical scientific research. Such shall highlight the fundamental failure of the idea of “inertia” in physical equations and expose those equations as the “chimera” of modern-day physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1539] **viXra:1905.0607 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-31 10:41:57*

**Authors:** Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

According to theory of quantum gravity developed by me, the gravitational field consists of variable and constant components. The constant or invariable field does not change with distance. This field consists of a very large number of gravitational quanta.We have studied the gravitational force between two bodies at very large distances.From the calculation it is derived that, the smallest value of force exerted by quantum line of gravity called gravitational quanta, q̌ , is equal to 1.48 x 10-97 N.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1538] **viXra:1905.0459 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-05-24 04:06:22*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

We have recently presented a unified quantum gravity theory [1]. Here we extend on that work and present an even simpler version of that theory. For about hundred years, modern physics has not been able to build a bridge between quantum mechanics and gravity. However, a solution may be found here; we present our quantum gravity theory, which is rooted in indivisible particles where matter and gravity are related to collisions and can be described by collision space-time. In this paper, we also show that we can formulate a quantum wave equation rooted in collision space-time, which is equivalent to mass and energy.
The beauty of our theory is that most of the main equations that currently exist in physics are not changed (in terms of predictions), except at the Planck scale. The Planck scale is directly linked to gravity and gravity is, surprisingly, actually a Lorentz symmetry as well as a form of Heisenberg uncertainty break down at the Planck scale. Our theory gives a dramatic simplification of many physics formulas without altering the output predictions. The relativistic wave equation, the relativistic energy momentum relation, and Minkowski space can all be represented by simpler equations when we understand mass at a deeper level. This not attained at a cost, but rather a reflection of the benefit in having gravity and electromagnetism unified under the same theory.
This is version 1 of the current work and contains several important new equations and insight that builds on some of our previous papers. We expect to put out an enhanced version with more detailed explanations soon. In particular, it is worth noting how incredibly simple our new relativistic wave equation is when rooted in collision space-time. The beauty of such simplicity will be evident for those familiar with previous work on this topic; future work will highlight and augment these observations and analysis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1355] **viXra:1909.0138 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-07 16:48:41*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

We compile a short list of reasons explaining why Quantum Theory (QT) and General Relativity (GR) cannot be trivially reconciled. Our opinion reflects a personal viewpoint and is likely to stand at odds with mainstream beliefs on Quantum Gravity, Black Hole phenomenology and related foundational topics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1354] **viXra:1908.0602 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-30 15:21:13*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In 2015 a method was proposed that predicts the mass of the electron to the neutron, this number was found to be 5.438 673 4446*10^-4. In 2017 this prediction was updated to 5.438 673 44424*10^-4. The new 2018 CODATA value is 5.438 673 4424(26)*10^-4 . The predicted values are within about .8 sigma. It was shown that the electron could be broken up into three, six component parts. The author postulates these six component parts to be two-dimensional rings. A factor for calculating this mass is shown in Abstract A of this paper to be 1.000000779229966. These papers are saying that the electron can be broken up into 18 parts and that there is a relativistic portion to the electron. We are proposing that this relativistic portion is related to the neutrino masses. The basic unit of the electron neutrino would be (1.0000007799229966-1) multiplied by the mass of the electron divided by 18. Which yields about .022 electron volts. It is proposed that the neutrino masses would be some multiple of .022 electron volts. The article “Mysterious Neutrinos Get New Mass Estimate” [8] in Scientific American, it states the maximum mass of the electron neutrino is .086 electron volts and the maximum mass for the combination of the neutrinos is 0.26 electron volts. The .022 electron volts of this article is in line with these results.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1353] **viXra:1908.0600 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-01 16:55:26*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

“In The Holographic Principle and How can the Particles and Universe be Modeled as a Hollow Sphere” [1] We found that the amount of matter in the universe is equal to the outside layer of the universe. We also find that the universe is not isotropic. In “Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”[2] We show that if red shifting of light is due to travel perpendicular to our location instead of away from our location that the universe is no longer isotropic looking. This would be contrary to the cosmological principle.
In “Gravity Most Related to the Proton Mass, Charge Most Related to the Electron Mass” [3], we showed that space was granular with the same particle everywhere. We called this particle the Plank sphere. In this paper we show that the Planck Sphere can follow the Lorentz transformation. As the Planck Sphere accelerates the discontinuities move away from the center of the Planck Sphere. This increases the energy which happens as the same proportion as the Lorentz transformation. Mass acts on the Planck spheres in the same way and creates the gravitational field. Once a Planck sphere has its momentum altered my any amount, that increased momentum travels, through adjacent Planck spheres, at the speed of light, settling only when it has reached a uniform field.
It is proposed here, that the actual length change in Lorentz contraction, would be that all of the discontinuities in a sphere are moving toward the edge of the sphere, the higher the energy level. Therefor, the sphere would not shrink in size, but sphere would be changed more and more to a hollow sphere in the sense that all of the imperfections would move towards the edge of the sphere and perfect packing would be inside the sphere.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1352] **viXra:1908.0509 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-01 13:09:23*

**Authors:** Paolo Bolzoni

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

In this new study we want to propose an updated heuristic model to compute and to
interpret the dark energy content of our
universe.
To this purpose we include
the mass-energy of the static gravitational field in Newtonian gravity, finding agreement with general relativity at large scales. We then
compute its effect at very small
distances also including quantum effects. From this analysis, we obtain an estimation of the smallest volume
in empty space.
Our result is compatible with loop quantum gravity and
this enables the embedding in it.
After that we show, how this can be used to compute a
natural energy cutoff $k_c$ for all quantum fields and
study its utility in computing the dark energy density and its
implications on the content of fermionic
and bosonic elementary fields. Indeed for the vacuum equation of
state $w\,{=}\,p_{vac}/\rho_{vac}$ we obtain
an expression depending on
$\Delta N\,{=}\, N_f - N_b$, which represents the difference between the number of
species of fermions and bosons.
Finally comparing our
result with the measured value of $w$,
we discuss general constraints on the field content
beyond the Standard Model of the elementary particles.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1351] **viXra:1908.0461 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-25 04:37:22*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Newton did not invent or use the so-called Newton’s gravitational constant G. Newton’s original gravity formula was F = Mm/r and not F = GMm/r. In this paper, we will show how a series of major gravity phenomena can be calculated and predicted without the gravitational constant. This is to some degree well known, at least for those that have studied a significant amount of the older literature on gravity. However, to understand gravity at a deeper level, still without G, one needs to trust Newton’s formula. It is first when we combine Newton’s observation that matter and light ultimately consist of hard indivisible particles with new insight in atomism that we can truly begin to understand gravity. This leads to a quantum gravity theory that is unified with quantum mechanics where there is no need for G and even no need for Planck’s constant. We claim that two mistakes have been made in physics, which have held back progress towards a unified quantum gravity theory. First, it has been common practice to consider Newton’s gravitational constant almost holy and untouchable. Thus we have neglected to see an important aspect of mass, namely the indivisible particle that also Newton held in high regard. Second, we have built our version of quantum mechanics around the de Broglie wavelength, rather than the Compton wavelength. We claim the de Broglie wavelength is merely a mathematical derivative of the Compton wavelength.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1350] **viXra:1908.0239 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-18 07:13:52*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Haug [1, 2] has recently introduced a new theory of unified quantum gravity coined “collision space-time.” From this new and deeper understanding of mass we can also understand how a grandfather pendulum clock can be used to measure the world shortest time interval, namely the Planck time [3, 4], indirectly. Such a clock can, therefore, also be used to measure the diameter of an indivisible particle indirectly. Further, such a clock can easily measure the Schwarzschild radius of the gravity object and what we will call “Schwarzschild time.” This basically proves that the Newton gravitational constant is not needed to find the Planck length or the Planck time; it is also not needed to find the Schwarzschild radius. Unfortunately, there is significant inertia in the current physics establishment towards new ideas that could rock the fundamentals, but this is not new in the history of science. Still, the idea that the Planck time can be measured totally independent of any knowledge of Newton’s gravitational constant could be very important to move forward in physics; we hope it will be given serious consideration in the future.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1349] **viXra:1907.0557 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-29 07:09:28*

**Authors:** Manfred U.E.Pohl

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework "The Solution to the Problem of Time" [1] the author introduced the concept of time that must be used to unify Gravity and Electromagnetism. In previous papers "The Holografic Universe Visualisation of Big Bang and Black Holes United Gravity and EM" [2] and "The Crisis in Physics as Result of Theory of General Relativity" [3] the author explained Gravity as underlying concept of EM. In this paper the author explaines how to combine all four know forces into one concept of force. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Grand Unified Theory, GOD, Book of Revelation to John

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1348] **viXra:1907.0492 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-11 17:35:09*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Despite the resounding experimental success of the Standard Model, the mystery of neutrino mass and neutrino oscillations must be approached from a framework for quantum gravity. Using well established results in condensed matter physics and in motivic mathematics, we present a new view of the quantum vacuum based on neutrino braid diagrams in quantum computation. The prediction of an effective 1.29 eV non local sterile state from the Koide matrix for neutrino masses fits known observational constraints.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1347] **viXra:1907.0492 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-04 16:18:50*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Despite the resounding experimental success of the Standard Model, the mystery of neutrino mass and neutrino oscillations must be approached from a framework for quantum gravity. Using well established results in condensed matter physics and in motivic mathematics, we present a new view of the quantum vacuum based on neutrino braid diagrams in quantum computation. The prediction of an effective 1.29 eV non local sterile state from the Koide matrix for neutrino masses fits known observational constraints.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1346] **viXra:1907.0131 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-18 21:13:04*

**Authors:** Li xiaohong, Lini

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Behind the natural phenomena scattered in different disciplines, whether there is a unified natural principle or the theory of all things, if there is such a thing, it should have some universality, consensus, and chord language phenomenon seems to have this feature.
Chord language consists of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (open, closed, N-string), symmetry, mirroring and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music, painting, meridian and other disciplines, used in time, space, life, spiritual expression, has accumulated for thousands of years, has been universal, observable, verifiable, Like the law of all things.
Music and painting are chord language phenomena, with discrete spectral forms of chord language (chords, tones, scales, etc.). In mathematics, the two are symmetric and mirror images.
The following is the chord language value formula used in music and painting, which is similar to Planck's formula.
S = HV, (S = semitone, H = equal temperament constant, V = frequency), minimum discrete value.
I=H^n.V (I=sound, n=sound value), allowing discrete values;
C=H^n1, n2, n3, n*.V (C=chord), discrete value spectrum.
In chord painting, chords exhibit the following spatial geometric characteristics:
major chord = H^0,4,7.V0，closed string
minor chord = H^0,3,7.V0，open string
Diminished Seventh = H^0,3,6,9.V0，Non-linar string
Chord language is both a spiritual phenomenon (music, painting) and a physical phenomenon (discrete spectrum, string), observing chord language events, such as music, painting, etc. - but also observing physical events, which has spiritual-natural isomorphism, which is its philosophical and cognitive characteristics.
The chord language is an ancient field whose mathematical model dates back to Pythagorean temperament in ancient Greece. After the gradual improvement of musicians in ancient times, the meridian science in ancient Chinese medicine observed the yin-yang (positive and negative) attributes of chord language—this is an important foundation of chord language, and the numerous classic works left by the history of world painting are The chord space language analysis, the study prepared sufficient conditions.
The natural laws of chord language are universal principles of nature, the theory of all things?

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1345] **viXra:1907.0131 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-14 05:19:31*

**Authors:** Li xiaohong, Lini

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Is there a unified natural principle or theory of all things behind the natural phenomena that are observed in different disciplines and scattered?
Below is the chord language value formula used in music, painting:
S = HV, (S = semitone, H = equal temperament constant, V = frequency), minimum discrete value.
I=H^n.V (I=sound, n=sound value), allowing discrete values;
C=H^n1, n2, n3, n*.V (C=chord), discrete value spectrum.
Here's the spatial semantics of common chords:
major chord = closed string
minor chord = open string
Discord = Non-linear string
The above formula shows that the chord language has both quantized and string features, and the chord value formula is similar to the Planck formula.
Chord language consists of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (open, closed, N-string), symmetry, mirroring and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music, painting, meridian and other disciplines, produced time, space, life, spiritual expression. There have been thousands of years of history, mature mathematical models, can be observed and verified.
Chord language is both a spiritual phenomenon and a physical phenomenon. Observing chord language events, such as music and painting, is also observing physical events. It has spiritual and physical isomorphism, which is its philosophical and cognitive characteristics.
Chord language, chord theory contains quantum theory, string theory? Is it the law of all things, the theory of all things?
Key words: chord language, chord space-time, theory of everything, quantum, string, music, painting, meridian

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1344] **viXra:1907.0131 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-10 18:11:55*

**Authors:** LI xiaohong

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Is there a unified natural principle or theory of all things behind the natural phenomena that are observed in different disciplines and scattered? Below is the chord language formula used in music, painting, with typical quantization features, and similar to the Planck formula:
S = HV, (S = semitone, H = equal temperament constant, V = frequency), minimum discrete value.
I=H^n.V (I=sound, n=sound value), allowing discrete values;
C=H^n1, n2, n3, n*.V (C=chord), discrete value spectrum.
Chord language consists of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (opening, closed string, N string), symmetry, mirroring (space-time duality) and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music (time expression), painting (spatial expression), meridian (life expression) and other disciplines, with Spiritual, physica isomorphism, It has thousands of years of knowledge accumulation, more mature mathematical models, can be observed, verified, should be the theoretical characteristics of everything.
Chord language is both a spiritual phenomenon and a physical phenomenon. It has spiritual and physical isomorphism. Observing chord language events (music, painting, etc.) is also observing physical events. This is the most prominent philosophical feature of chord language.
Is chord language the law of all things, or the theory of all things?
Key words: chord language, chord space-time, theory of everything, quantum, string, music, painting, meridian

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1343] **viXra:1907.0106 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-08 07:10:49*

**Authors:** M. U. E. Pohl

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” [1] and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within this third chapter, the author explains in how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought and to get back into Paradise to save this planet earth from burning in climate change and to prevent the final fall of the empire of “human being” into the nothingness like the age of dinosaurs ended in nothingness. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Key of Matrix, End of the World, World War, Artificial Intelligence, Flat Earth, Holografic Universe, Big Bang, Black Holes

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1342] **viXra:1907.0106 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-08 03:42:42*

**Authors:** M. U. E. Pohl

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” [1] and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within this third chapter, the author explains in how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought and to get back into Paradise to save this planet earth from burning in climate change and to prevent the final fall of the empire of “human being” into the nothingness like the age of dinosaurs ended in nothingness. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Key of Matrix, End of the World, World War, Artificial Intelligence, Flat Earth, Holografic Universe, Big Bang, Black Holes

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1341] **viXra:1907.0057 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-09 15:17:08*

**Authors:** John B. Wilson

**Comments:** 232 pages at time of submission

Using Special Relativity (SR) as a starting point, then noting a few empirical 4-Vector facts, one can derive the Principles that are normally considered to be Axioms of Quantum Mechanics (QM). Since many of the QM Axioms are rather obscure, this seems a more logical and understandable paradigm than QM as a separate theory from SR, and sheds light on the origin and meaning of the QM Principles. The SRQM or [SR→QM] Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: A Tensor Study of Physical 4-Vectors

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1340] **viXra:1907.0057 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-02 06:50:50*

**Authors:** John B. Wilson

**Comments:** 229 pages at time of submission

Using Special Relativity (SR) as a starting point, then noting a few empirical 4-Vector facts, one can derive the Principles that are normally considered to be Axioms of Quantum Mechanics (QM). Since many of the QM Axioms are rather obscure, this seems a more logical and understandable paradigm than QM as a separate theory from SR, and sheds light on the origin and meaning of the QM Principles. The SRQM or [SR→QM] Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: A Tensor Study of Physical 4-Vectors

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1339] **viXra:1906.0512 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-04 08:19:11*

**Authors:** Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay

**Comments:** 40 Pages.

Here we present a mathematical model formalizing the practice of science in nature. Under the premise that science is the best methodology to understand the World, then presumably a formalization of such is its best mathematical framework. Axiomatic science is a significant improvement over the informal practice of science and it has numerous desirable properties. Axiomatic science is a model of science and of physics, and as such, it contains a 'science' part and a 'physics' part. Axiomatic science is able to derive the 'physics' part, including the laws of physics, using the 'science' part as the starting point. Axiomatic science thus explains the origins of the laws of physics as a theorem of the formal practice of science. Finally, axiomatic science is 'clarification tool par excellence' for the foundation of physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1338] **viXra:1906.0443 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-19 16:14:23*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 35 Pages.

From the holographic perspective in quantum gravity, topological field theories like Chern-Simons are more than toy models for computation. An algebraic construction of the CFT associated to Witten's j-invariant for 2+1 dimensional gravity aims to compute coefficients of modular forms from the combinatorics of quantum logic, dictated by axioms in higher dimensional categories, with heavy use of the golden ratio. This paper is self contained, including introductory material on lattices, and aims to show how the Monster group and its infinite module arise when the automorphisms of the Leech lattice are extended by special point sets in higher dimensions, notably the 72 dimensional lattice of Nebe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1337] **viXra:1906.0443 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-30 15:40:35*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 32 Pages.

From the holographic perspective in quantum gravity, topological field theories like Chern-Simons are more than toy models for computation. An algebraic construction of the CFT associated to Witten's j-invariant for 2+1 dimensional gravity aims to compute coefficients of modular forms from the combinatorics of quantum logic, dictated by axioms in higher dimensional categories, with heavy use of the golden ratio. This paper is self contained, including introductory material on lattices, and aims to show how the Monster group and its infinite module arise when the automorphisms of the Leech lattice are extended by special point sets in higher dimensions, notably the 72 dimensional lattice of Nebe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1336] **viXra:1906.0443 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-14 16:06:53*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 30 Pages.

From the holographic perspective in quantum gravity, topological field theories like Chern-Simons are more than toy models for computation. An algebraic construction of the CFT associated to Witten's j-invariant for 2+1 dimensional gravity aims to compute coefficients of modular forms from the combinatorics of quantum logic, dictated by axioms in higher dimensional categories, with heavy use of the golden ratio. This paper is self contained, including introductory material on lattices, and aims to show how the Monster group and its infinite module arise when the automorphisms of the Leech lattice are extended by special point sets in higher dimensions, notably the 72 dimensional lattice of Nebe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1335] **viXra:1906.0443 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-03 16:10:06*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1334] **viXra:1906.0443 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-28 17:32:44*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 22 Pages.

From the holographic perspective in quantum gravity, topological field theories like Chern-Simons are more than toy models for computation. An algebraic construction of the CFT associated to Witten's j invariant for 2+1 dimensional gravity aims to compute coefficients of modular forms from the combinatorics of quantum logic, dictated by axioms in higher dimensional categories, with heavy use of the golden ratio. This paper is self contained, including introductory material on lattices, and aims to show how the Monster group and its infinite module arise when the automorphisms of the Leech lattice are extended by special point sets in higher dimensions, notably the 72 dimensional lattice of Nebe.
\end

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1333] **viXra:1906.0295 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-20 00:58:29*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

A study of the simplest Jordan-Brans-Dicke-like action within the context of Weyl geometry, combined with the findings of Weinberg’s Asymptotic Safety program in quantum gravity, leads to a plethora of nice numerical results : (i) like singling out the quartic potential from all the others; (ii) having (Anti) de Sitter space as the most natural solution; (iii) furnishing the value of the observed vacuum energy density at the Hubble scale (3/8 pi G_N R_H^2) ~ 10^{−122} M_P^4 ; (iv) and a value of {3/8 pi) M^4_P for the vacuum energy density at the Planck scale; (v) interpreting the “Bang” of the Big Bang as the singularity of the Weyl gauge field of dilations at t = 0 ushering in the era of inflation, and (vi) allowing the possibility that our universe is a Black Hole whose horizon coincides with the cosmological Hubble horizon. It is warranted to explore deeper the interplay among Weyl geometry, Asymptotic safety and Maldacena’s AdS/CFT correspondence (holographic renormalization group flow). Also relevant is the work by Wetterich on the role of dilatation symmetry in higher dimensions and the vanishing of the cosmological constant. Last, but not least, we should also consider the implications of Penrose’ Conformal Cyclic Cosmology and Nottale’s Scale Relativity Theory with the key findings of this work.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1332] **viXra:1906.0162 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-13 05:07:26*

**Authors:** Michael Tzoumpas

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The independent E/M waves are created, during the electron oscillations at an emission antenna. These waves do not compose the constant photon length, in contrast to the fundamental E/M waves of photon. Additionally, the Compton phenomenon is interpreted, while the atomic orbitals are standing waves the self-superposition of the motion wave of electrons.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1331] **viXra:1906.0127 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-08-13 02:32:06*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

In this paper the Standard Model of physics shall be examined for harbouring what can be demonstrated to be a faulty definition for space, a chimera, which has prevented physics from joining electromagnetism with gravity as theoretical and physical field driven entities. This chimera will be exposed to be “inertia”, which has led to absurd conclusions in ultimate equations of field forces across the expanse of space, most notably the need for dark energy and dark matter. An alternative approach in replace of this chimera is proposed, as a new concept for time examining bodies in motion, namely the idea of time as “the” most fundamental concept, and not space as it has been assumed as a field of inertial potential, from which a golden ratio “scaling system” for time shall calculated, making the the idea of space evident as emergent from the dimension of time, and most importantly describe how time behaves as light in regard to space. Upon that emergent space, a list of all the features derived from the golden ratio algorithm shall be once again brought to attention as per the previous papers [1-8] in being married up with known observed physical data. Such a process of examination shall highlight the fundamental failure of the idea of “inertia” in physical equations of bodies in space, and expose those equations as the “chimera” of modern-day physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1330] **viXra:1906.0127 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-09 21:45:20*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

In this paper the entire spectrum of the recent modern history of the Standard Model of physics shall be presented and examined and exposed for upholding a “chimera” concept which has prevented physics from joining electromagnetism with gravity as theoretical and physical field driven entities. This chimera will be exposed to be “inertia”, the bane of relativity, otherwise leading to absurd conclusions in ultimate equations of field forces across the expanse of space and time. A “fix” to this chimera is proposed, as a new concept for time examining bodies in motion, namely the idea of time as “the” most fundamental concept in space, from which the golden ratio “scaling system” shall be once again calculated from this new primordial level of conception and bodies-in-motion relationship. From those calculations of the golden ratio scaling system for time, the idea of space will become apparent as an emergence from the dimension of time, and most importantly how time behaves as light in regard to space. Upon that emergent platform of space, a list of all the features derived from the golden ratio algorithm shall be once again be brought to attention as per the previous papers [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8], highlighting these derived schemes as the mechanisms of “proof” for this new theory, as data and equations derived from first principles that then confirm what has been found through extensive historical scientific research. Such shall highlight the fundamental failure of the idea of “inertia” in physical equations and expose those equations as the “chimera” of modern-day physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1329] **viXra:1905.0459 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-05 20:09:20*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

We have recently presented a unified quantum gravity theory [23]. Here we extend on that work and present an even simpler version of that theory. For about hundred years, modern physics has not been able to build a bridge between quantum mechanics and gravity. However, a solution may be found here; we present our quantum gravity theory, which is rooted in indivisible particles where matter and gravity are related to collisions and can be described by collision space-time. In this paper, we also show that we can formulate a quantum wave equation rooted in collision space-time, which is equivalent to mass and energy.
The beauty of our theory is that most of the main equations that currently exist in physics are not changed (in terms of predictions), except at the Planck scale. The Planck scale is directly linked to gravity and gravity is, surprisingly, actually a Lorentz symmetry as well as a form of Heisenberg uncertainty break down at the Planck scale. Our theory gives a dramatic simplification of many physics formulas without altering the output predictions. The relativistic wave equation, the relativistic energy momentum relation, and Minkowski space can all be represented by simpler equations when we understand mass at a deeper level. This not attained at a cost, but rather a reflection of the benefit in having gravity and quantum mechanics unified under the same theory.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1328] **viXra:1905.0459 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-05-26 16:20:18*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 26 Pages.

We have recently presented a unified quantum gravity theory [1]. Here we extend on that work and present an even simpler version of that theory. For about hundred years, modern physics has not been able to build a bridge between quantum mechanics and gravity. However, a solution may be found here; we present our quantum gravity theory, which is rooted in indivisible particles where matter and gravity are related to collisions and can be described by collision space-time. In this paper, we also show that we can formulate a quantum wave equation rooted in collision space-time, which is equivalent to mass and energy.
The beauty of our theory is that most of the main equations that currently exist in physics are not changed (in terms of predictions), except at the Planck scale. The Planck scale is directly linked to gravity and gravity is, surprisingly, actually a Lorentz symmetry as well as a form of Heisenberg uncertainty break down at the Planck scale. Our theory gives a dramatic simplification of many physics formulas without altering the output predictions. The relativistic wave equation, the relativistic energy momentum relation, and Minkowski space can all be represented by simpler equations when we understand mass at a deeper level. This not attained at a cost, but rather a reflection of the benefit in having gravity and electromagnetism unified under the same theory.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory