[2] **viXra:0807.0007 [pdf]**
*submitted on 13 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** Roger Ellman

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

The mass equivalency m.c^{2} = h.f applies to gravitational mass just as to inertial
mass. From that, the gravitational mass has a corresponding, associated, equivalent
frequency, f. Using that frequency a new result is obtained in which the significance of
the Planck Length, l_{Pl}, is clarified. The Planck Length is fundamental to gravitation and
in effect supercedes G in that role because it is found that there is operational or
mechanical significance to the role of the Planck Length in gravitation whereas G is
simply a constant of proportionality.
It further is shown that the Planck Length [and, likely the Planck mass and the
Planck time] are slightly mis-defined by the use of h-bar [ h/2π ] rather than simply
Planck's constant, h.
Theoretical implications of these results are presented. In addition, the
applicability of using the frequency aspect of mass in the analysis of gravitation, and the
nature of the results obtained, would appear to imply a considerably greater significance
for the frequency, that is the wave, aspect of mass, matter, and particles in general than
has been heretofore recognized.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:0807.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 4 Jul 2008*

**Authors:** Reginald T. Cahill

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

For some 100 years physics has modelled space and time via the spacetime
concept, with space being merely an observer dependent perspective
effect of that spacetime - space itself had no observer independent existence
- it had no ontological status, and it certainly had no dynamical
description. In recent years this has all changed. In 2002 it was discovered
that a dynamical 3-space had been detected many times, including
the Michelson-Morley 1887 light-speed anisotropy experiment. Here we
review the dynamics of this 3-space, tracing its evolution from that of
an emergent phenomena in the information-theoretic Process Physics to
the phenomenological description in terms of a velocity field describing
the relative internal motion of the structured 3-space. The new physics
of the dynamical 3-space is extensively tested against experimental and
astronomical observations, including the necessary generalisation of the
Maxwell, Schrödinger and Dirac equations, leading to a derivation and
explanation of gravity as a refraction effect of the quantum matter waves.
Phenomena now explainable include the bore hole anomaly, the systematics
of black hole masses, the flat rotation curves of spiral galaxies,
gravitational light bending and lensing, and the supernova and
Gamma-Ray Bursts magnitude-redshift data, for the dynamical 3-space possesses
a Hubble expanding 3-space solution. Most importantly none of these
phenomena now require dark matter nor dark energy. The flat and
curved spacetime formalism is derived from the new physics, so explaining
the apparent many successes of those formalisms, but which have
now proven to be ontologically and experimentally flawed.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory