Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1710 Submissions

[13] viXra:1710.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-18 04:43:32

An Elegant Solution to the Cosmological Constant Problem based on The Bohm-Poisson Equation

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 5 Pages. submitted to Physics Letters B

After applying the recently proposed Bohm-Poisson equation [1] to the observable Universe as a $whole$, and by introducing an ultraviolet (Planck) and infrared (Hubble) scale, one can naturally obtain a value for the vacuum energy density of the $same$ $magnitude$ as the extremely small observed vacuum energy density, and explain the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. Because Bohm's formulation of QM is by construction non-local, it is this non-locality which casts light into the crucial ultraviolet/infrared entanglement of the Planck/Hubble scales which was required in order to obtain the observed value of the vacuum energy density.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] viXra:1710.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-18 11:28:03

Nuclear Quantum Gravity – A First Review

Authors: U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana
Comments: 14 Pages. Prespacetime Journal. (2017). 8(6): 777-791.

To have a unified model of nuclear quantum gravity, it seems quite reasonable to consider a large nuclear gravitational constant, $G_s \cong 3.3\pm 0.03 times 10^{28}$ $m^3/kg/sec^2$. In this context, we show practical applications pertaining to micro physics as well as macro physics. We would like to suggest that: (1) $G_s$ plays a crucial role in understanding quantum theory of light, photoelectric work functions, superconductivity, nuclear binding energy, nuclear root mean square charge radii, neutron-proton mass difference, nuclear stability, nuclear magnetic dipole moments, weak coupling angle, Fermi’s weak coupling constant, proton melting point and total energy of electron in Hydrogen atom etc.; (2) Nuclear binding energy can be understood with a single energy coefficient of magnitude 10 MeV. (3) Newtonian gravitational constant $G_N$ and the proposed $G_s$ play a joint role in understanding neutron star mass generation as well as proton mass generation; and (4) Considering $G_s$ as a characteristic feature of magnetism, celestial bodies ‘mass dependent’ magnetic dipole moments can be estimated.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:1710.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-15 13:08:02

Inertia

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 2 Pages.

We consider how inertia appears in the theory of emergent space-time-matter. The phenomenon of inertia is explained for the case of the presence of reflection symmetry (parity) in the wave function. This symmetry is broken only in weak interactions. For the case of weak interaction, there is no explanation for inertia, but there is an assumption that the development of a mathematical model based on the construction of universes from the field of the Metauniverse will justify the inertia for such a case.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1710.0172 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-19 06:45:03

Projection Gravitation, a Projection Force from 5-Dimensional Space-Time Into 4-Dimensional Space-Time

Authors: XiaoLin Li
Comments: 31 Pages.

A new gravity theory. Gravity is a projection force from 5-dimensional space-time into 4-dimensional space-time. The Lorentz symmetry is a projection of particle-wave symmetry from 5-dimensional space-time into 4-dimensional space-time. The gravity is an additional projection force of Lorentz symmetry. The new gravity is an extension to Lorentz symmetry. The new gravity can be seen as some kind of symmetry. Gravity only exists in 4-dimensional space-time. In 5-dimensional space-time, there not have gravity. Equivalence principle is invalid in the new gravitation. In the new gravitation, there does not have gravitational acceleration. In the new gravitation, there only have inertial coordinates, not have non-inertial coordinates. In the new gravitation, the gravity source is only the rest mass, not energy. The particle can’t be the gravity source if the particle not has rest mass. The photon not has gravity. But any particle can be affected by gravity. The photon is affected by gravity also. The gravitational mass is only equivalent to the rest mass. Under approximate weak gravity and approximate circular orbit condition, the new gravitation is equivalent to the General Relativity. The four classic experimental tests, the deflection of light by the sun, the precession of mercury, the red shift of light by the sun, the radar echo delay, are experimental tests to the new gravitation also. But even under approximate weak gravity condition, if the orbit is not approximate circular, if the orbit has higher eccentricity, there exists obvious difference between the General Relativity and the new gravitation. This difference can be a experimental test to distinguish which one is more realistic. The space-time is flat in the new gravitation, not is curved. In the new gravitation, the energy is conserved. The new gravitation is simpler than the General Relativity. In the new gravitation, the photon’s equivalent gravitational acceleration is twice of the acceleration in Newton Gravitation. In the new gravitation, there not exists black hole, but exists empty hole, and not exists space-time singularity and energy singularity. The new gravity has obvious scale effect. The new gravity has the scale factor. In gravity field, the scale factor determines the quantization results of particle’s motion. The new gravity perhaps is a force that inhibits the uncertainty of macroscopic objects. The new gravitation can derive out the result of the Planck Energy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1710.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-14 23:42:47

Space-Time's Broken Infinity

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 5 Pages.

This article was rejected by "Physical Review D" because it is "scientifically very far from the current state of knowledge in the field". Why do people (including scientists) avoid anything "scientifically very far from the current state of knowledge in the field"? Being far from the current state does not mean my article is incorrect. Depending on the extent of its accuracy, it offers either large or smaller opportunities for readers to make unanticipated advances in science. When his paper regarding mathematical formulas creating reality was submitted to a scientific journal and rejected as being too speculative, U.S. cosmologist Max Tegmark showed the rejection letter to his friend John Wheeler (1911-2008), a Princeton theoretical physicist. Wheeler rejected the rejection and said, “Extremely speculative? Bah!” Then he reminded Tegmark that some of the original papers on quantum mechanics were also considered extremely speculative. (p.2 of “Is the Universe Actually Made of Math?” By Adam Frank, Monday, June 16, 2008 - http://discovermagazine.com/2008/jul/16-is-the-universe-actually-made-of- math#.UQNDUR2-pFk Remembering Professor Wheeler ... This article begins with a well known astronomer and author saying "It now truly appears that the universe is infinite”. But how can the cosmos be infinite when general relativity says an infinite amount of energy would curve the universe to an infinitely small size, which obviously does not happen! The proposed solution refers to a problem physics had 120 years ago - a blackbody could release an infinite amount of energy, causing experiment and theory to diverge radically in the ultraviolet spectrum. Max Planck's solution of dividing electromagnetic radiation into quanta (photons) is called upon, and the universe's infinity is "broken" into discrete units by suggesting it's composed of electronics' binary digits (since General Relativity taught us that time is curved and warped, the fantastic possibility exists that the 1's and 0's come from the far future of humanity). Whatever their origin, the binary digits are assembled, via references to science and maths, into two-dimensional Möbius strips and then four-dimensional figure-8 Klein bottles. This topological structure is given mass in parts through the coupling of the long-range gravitational and electromagnetic waves. Their interaction substitutes for the Higgs field, according to M. Tanabashi; M. Harada; K. Yamawaki. Nagoya 2006: "The Origin of Mass and Strong Coupling Gauge Theories". International Workshop on Strongly Coupled Gauge Theories. pp. 227–241). The strong and weak nuclear forces may also ultimately result from gravitational - electromagnetic coupling, making the nuclear forces non-fundamental. For a moment, let's allow our imaginations to fly ... while we simultaneously remain grounded in science. Suppose the 1's and 0's really do come from the far future of humanity. Could a future computer simulation of the universe that uses mathematics' boundary-less, so-called Imaginary Time cause the simulation to be eternal, infinite, and indistinguishable from this "real" universe? (The lack of boundaries would also avoid Relativity's breaking down at the scale of quantum mechanics, thus introducing the graviton and the theory of Quantum Gravity.) This outcome involving so-called Imaginary Time (I.T. might be a better name) is plausible. Professor Itzhak Bars of the University of Southern California in Los Angeles says, "one whole dimension of time and another of space have until now gone entirely unnoticed by us".
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1710.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-11 05:04:24

Grand Unification of 4 Forces According to the Quantum FFF Model by di-Monopole Repeller Rigid String Pressure.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 33 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, ( Function Follows Form at the quantum scale) Mass is the potency of rigid string based Fermions and Bosons, to produce and radiate Gravitons by the collision process, between mass less but energetic oscillating transformable Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and.. more complex shaped compound Fermions or Bosons (W + Z+Higgs family). Gravity is assumed to be the statistical result of local dual opposing graviton pressure (instead of attraction) with opposing Axion Higgs field particles on fermions. A recent example of local vacuum pressure duality is called “Dipole Repeller” gravity by Yehuda Hoffman also suggested partly in line as Emergent Gravity by E. Verlinde. More extended loops or "arms" of each rigid string particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons photons per Planck time unit. Secondly, gravitons are assumed to exert not an attraction force on fermions and bosons but only a reduced pressure force in opposition to the vacuum pressure of the Axion Higgs field.. Black holes do not radiate gravitons but “eat” the local vacuum particles leading to a single repeller effect on the growing Black hole nucleus. The ring shaped Axion Higgs field particles are supposed to oscillate in tandem (as the boxer engine pistons) along each vacuum lattice with the local Planck length and transfer information of monopole photons through the whole universe as long as they do not collide with fermions or bosons. The new physics black hole nucleus is represented as a compact quantum knot of Axion Higgs particles, compressed together by the inflow of vacuum particles. As a consequence the incoming Axion Higgs field pressure is the only origin of the Gravity pressure effect around each black hole nucleus . In Quantum FFF Theory, the inertial mass effects of the earth and all atomic fermions is supposed to be originated by the real Lorentz polarization of all fermionic mass of the earth mainly pointing into the direction of motion around the sun, as the opposing effort for the resisting vacuum. Rigid string shaped Fermions are assumed to have a real propeller shape able to plow into the direction of motion through the local space time creating vacuum lattice. Bosons without a propeller shape ( Higgs and Z ) including black hole nuclei, seem to be not able to polarize and will present signals to be "stuck" in the local solar centered vacuum lattice.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1710.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-08 04:41:56

Hubble's Law and Antigravity Higgs Boson and Gravity

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 27 Pages.

The theory of dynamic space has been conceived and written by Professor Physicist Naoum Gosdas, inspired from the principle of antithesis (opposition), because of which all natural phenomena are created. These phenomena are derived from the unique absolute dynamic space, which is structured with the fundamental elements, namely the dimension or distance or length, the elementary electric charges (units) and the forces, according to the principle of antithesis. However, due to the finite dimensions of the Universe and the opposition between existence (the Universe) and nonexistence (non space), a spherical deformity of the space occurred, which has created the equality of the peripheral and radial cohesive forces (Universal symmetry) and the Universal antigravity force, whereby the Hubble's Law is proved. The breaking of the above Universal symmetry, close to the Universe center, causes the Genesis of the primary form of matter, the first grand Cosmic event of Universe. The gravitational mass of the particle is defined as a stretching of the dynamic space by the core vacuum (Higgs boson) of the particle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1710.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-07 17:20:09

Quantum Versus Classical Nature of the Early Universe and Its Consequences (Entanglement?)

Authors: Andrew Beckwith, Stepan Moskaliuk
Comments: 56 Pages. 2nd paper submitted as a conference proceedings paper for the Bogoliubov astroparticle and quantum foundations conference, in Kiev, Ukraine, September 2017

We look at early universe space-time which is characterized by a transition from Pre Planckian to Planckian space-time. In doing so we also invoke the geometry of Octonionic non commutative structure and when it breaks down as a trigger point for the release of entropy. Following Lloyd, as to entropy production with 1 count of entropy linked to one graviton via Ng Infinite quantum statistics, and we follow up on this modeling of entropy production by examining if we can relate the presumed graviton production with the behavior of Planck sized mini black holes, in the early phases of cosmological expansion. This analysis is in tandem with considerations as to what is essential as to accessing the quantum versus classical nature of the early universe, with the above listed as consequences. We close with the 2nd half of our work which is reviewing relic gravitons, and their role in presumed entanglement from a prior universe construction to the present universe, possibly for the unification of physical law, from cycle to cycle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1710.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-06 06:23:54

Emergent Gravity by Dipole Repeller Rigid String Pressure the Origin of Quantum Gravity and Non Inertial Black Holes.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 29 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, mass is the potency of rigid strings, to produce and radiate Gravitons to be produced by the collision process, between mass less ring shaped Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons also called Dipole Repeller gravity or Emergent Gravity. More extended loops or "arms" of each rigid string particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons or other electromagnetic monopole photons per time unit. Secondly, gravitons are assumed to exert not an attraction force on fermions and bosons but only a reduced pressure force in opposition to the vacuum pressure of the Axion Higgs field.. So, Gravity can be described as the statistical difference between the collision pressure of “new” gravitons opposing the pressure of Axion Higgs field particles all around us. Emergent gravity as proposed by E.Verlinde and Dipole Rrepeller gravity by Yehuda Hoffman, are in line with this assumption. Non inertial black hole effects are the other side of the coin.. The ring shaped Axion Higgs field particles are supposed to oscillate in tandem (as the boxer engine pistons) along each vacuum lattice with the local Planck length and transfer information of monopole photons through the whole universe as long no fermion or boson comes too close. So if the new physics black hole nucleus is represented as a compact quantum knot then there is no graviton production supposed. As a consequence the incoming Axion Higgs field pressure is the only origin of the Gravity pressure effect around each black hole nucleus and the result of the Casimir absorption effect of the vacuum by the black hole nucleus. At the same time, gravitons are not leaving the black hole at all. In Quantum FFF Theory, the inertial mass effects of the earth and all atomic fermions is supposed to be originated by the real Lorentz polarization of all fermionic mass of the earth mainly pointing into the direction of motion around the sun, as the opposing effort for the resisting vacuum. Rigid string shaped Fermions are assumed to have a propeller shape able to plow into the direction of motion through the local spacetime creating vacuum lattice. Conclusion Bosons (Higgs, W and Z particles) seem to be not able to polarize and will present signals to be "stuck" in the local solar centered vacuum lattice. The LHC could perhaps be able to show this anti inertial mass effect created by the solar reference frame or solar LASOF ( Local Oscillating vacuum Frame).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1710.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-03 08:50:43

Quantizing Einstein Field Equations :The Hadrons Expansion Lattice Represent the Particles Behavior to Form Gravity

Authors: Yazzed T.Al-Harbi
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this paper we will show the provement of the hadrons existence mechanism. Its duo to the physical consequences of the spinning quarks and the color charge. When we simulate the supposed situation by mathematics we find that it's achieves the perfect understanding of the all physical interactions and all the mysteries of the particle physics with its measurements which proved experimentally.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1710.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-03 11:14:12

Theory of Universal Origins

Authors: Romeo D. Matshaba
Comments: 43 Pages. first published and copyright by: International Journal of Recent Research in Physics and Chemical Sciences (IJRRPCS) Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp: (1-7), Month: April 2017 – September 2017,

About a century ago, Albert Einstein realized how the Theory of Newton's Universal Gravitation was inadequate to describe nature and needed to be revised in order to be neatly incorporated into the relativistic scheme with its undesirable instantaneous force shortcomings. Since then we have come to adopt the relativistic high energy tensor theory of General Relativity, which saw its inception into mainstream physics in the year 1916. General Relativity has stood firm against varied tests, such as: gravitational lensing, perihelion of mercury, gravitational time dilation, PSR1913+16 etc, but with the steady advancement of Quantum Mechanics, and its overwhelming experimental success, we are yet again faced with the same problem that was faced a century ago, but this time, the problem is much worse, and the elephant in the room is General Relativity. The fact that General relativity and Quantum mechanics, share different views in the description of space and time or space-time, with quantum mechanics in favor of the latter and general relativity of the former; does not allow one to have a smooth transition from one representation to the other. This automatically implies that for scenarios where both quantum mechanics and gravity / general relativity are required, then that scenario is unsolvable with our current model of physics (hence either General Relativity or Quantum Mechanics is flawed). It becomes clear from the microscopic realm of quantum mechanics and the cosmological problems associated with General Relativity, such as dark energy, dark matter, the inflation force... perhaps a bit closer to home for general relativity being the singularities inherent in its own equations, and the very nature of General Relativity, allowing mostly approximate solutions (reason why most physicist, even today still cling to Newtonian dynamics), because of this and more a new theory of gravity is required – the much anticipated “Quantum Gravity” – just as it was required those many years ago. In the theory that I propose, we will see how from the most basic concepts of quantum mechanics, a theory of gravity can emerge that has the power to not only be mathematically simpler than General Relativity, explain dark energy, dark matter and inflation without any ad-hoc mechanisms, but also have the power to unify all the forces of nature into a single unified theory of everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1710.0034 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-05 05:38:09

The New Physics Black Hole Nucleus: Gravity Without Inertial Mass Effects.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 29 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, Mass is the potency of Rigid strings, to produce and radiate Gravitons to be produced by the collision process, between mass less ring shaped Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons. More extended loops or "arms" of each particle is supposed to create more Axion transformation into Gravitons or other electromagnetic monopole photons per time unit. Secondly, gravitons are assumed to exert not an attraction force on fermions and bosons but only a pressure force. So, Gravity can be described as the statistical difference between the collision pressure of “new” gravitons opposing the pressure of Axion Higgs field particles all around us. Emergent gravity as proposed by E.Verlinde is one of the results of this assumption, the electric dark matter black hole non inertial effects are the other side of the coin.. The ring shaped Axion Higgs field particles are supposed to oscillate in tandem (as the boxer engine pistons) along each vacuum lattice with the local Planck length and transfer information of monopole photons through the whole universe as long no fermion or boson comes too close. So if the new physics black hole nucleus is represented as a compact quantum knot then there is no graviton production supposed. As a consequence the incoming Axion Higgs field pressure is the only origin of the Gravity pressure effect around each black hole nucleus and the result of the Casimir absorption effect of the vacuum by the black hole nucleus. At the same time, gravitons are not leaving the black hole at all. In Quantum FFF Theory, the inertial mass effects of the earth and all atomic fermions is supposed to be originated by the real Lorentz polarization of all fermionic mass of the earth mainly pointing into the direction of motion around the sun, as the opposing effort for the resisting vacuum. Rigid string shaped Fermions are assumed to have a propeller shape able to plow into the direction of motion through the local spacetime creating vacuum lattice. Conclusion Bosons (Higgs, W and Z particles) seem to be not able to polarize and will present signals to be "stuck" in the local solar centered vacuum lattice. The LHC could perhaps be able to show this anti inertial mass effect created by the solar reference frame or solar LASOF ( Local Oscillating vacuum Frame).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1710.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-02 05:57:14

The 49 GeV Partner of the Higgs Boson

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 14 pages, including 12 figures

The quantum/classical connection, found in an analysis of dark energy as vacuum energy, maps the radii of celestial bodies onto specific mass scales in the quantum world. The sun, owing to its location in the middle of the Main Sequence, is associated with a rich phenomenology. While the radius of Jupiter maps onto the mass of the Higgs boson, the radius of the sun maps onto the mass (49.4 GeV) of a particle that is symmetrically opposed to the Higgs boson on the mass levels of the Planck Model and is coupled to the Standard Model.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory