Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1511 Submissions

[22] viXra:1511.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 15:06:02

Unifying Physical Theory to Gravitational Mechanics

Authors: Michael W Brace
Comments: 25 Pages. Comments: mwaynebrace@aol.com

This paper negates the principles of earlier gravitational theory(s) by which the constant of gravitation G has been deduced in terms of being a fundamental force in the universe. Demonstrable anomalous gravitational effects, reproducible in the laboratory, are discussed in context with other fundamental forces. It is shown that the theory does include features which can explain observed gravitational mechanics on both a macro-scale, micro-scale and sub-atomic scale, as well as anti-gravitational effects. The action points to vacuum energy fluctuations arising from graviton density.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[21] viXra:1511.0284 [pdf] replaced on 2016-01-11 05:06:42

Foundations of the Scale-Symmetric Physics (Main Article No 3: Chaos Theory)

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 11 Pages.

Here, applying the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we show how particle physics via the Chaos Theory leads to the cosmological dark-matter structures and mental solitons. Moreover, the interactions of the cosmological dark-matter structures with baryonic matter via weak interactions of leptons, lead to the untypical motions of stars in galaxies and to other cosmological structures such as AGN composed of a torus and a central-condensate/modified-black-hole or solar system. Most important in the Chaos Theory (ChT) is to understand physical meaning of a logistic map for the baryons - it concerns the black-body spectrum and the ratio of the masses of charged kaon and pion. Such logistic map leads to the first Feigenbaum constant related to the period-doubling bifurcations that in a limit lead to the onset of chaos. In the period-doubling bifurcations for proton there appear the orbits of period-4 and higher periods. We show that the orbits of period-4 follow from the structure of baryons and that they lead to the Titius-Bode law for the nuclear strong interactions. Calculated here on base of the structure of proton the first Feigenbaum constant is 4.6692033 and it is close to the mathematical value 4.6692016…
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[20] viXra:1511.0258 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-27 06:04:19

String Theory and Euler’s Constant

Authors: David Brown
Comments: 4 Pages.

I say that my 6 most important ideas are: (1) Milgrom is the Kepler of contemporary cosmology. (2) The main problem with string theory is that string theorists fail to realize that Milgrom is the Kepler of contemporary cosmology. (3) The Koide formula is essential for understanding the foundations of physics. (4) Lestone’s heuristic string theory is essential for understanding the foundations of physics. (5) String theorists need the physical analogue of Mochizuki’s IUT. (6) Fernández-Rañada’s idea that there exists an anomalous gravitational redshift everywhere in the universe can, together with Milgrom’s MOND, explain dark matter. Will the preceding 6 ideas lead to a unified theory of mathematics, theoretical physics, and theoretical computer science? My 3 main empirically testable predictions are the Fernández-Rañada-Milgrom effect, the Space Roar Profile Prediction, and the 64 Particles Hypothesis — let us assume that all 3 predictions are wrong — in that case, I am down but not out. According to Lestone’s heuristic string theory, a lepton consists of 3 vibrating strings at the Planck scale. Let us assume that a massive boson consists of 1 vibrating string, while a quark consists of 9 vibrating strings. Is there a MOST PROFOUND occurrence of Euler’s constant in monstrous moonshine? CONJECTURE: There exists a string formula for monstrous moonshine involving an important occurrence of Euler’s constant γ. The formula might have the form pi = exp( (a(1) * γ^1) + ((-1) *a(2) * γ^(1+48)) + … ((-1)^(n-1) * a(n) * γ^(1 + (n-1) * 48)) + … ), where each a(n) is a positive rational number that can be calculated using the monster group and the 6 pariah groups. The number 48 might represent two copies of the Leech lattice — one for matter and one for antimatter; however, the number 48 might need to be replaced by some other number, such as 12, 24, or 72 — or, perhaps the whole idea is wrong. This brief communication offers various speculations on the foundations of physics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[19] viXra:1511.0223 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-29 14:56:49

Foundations of the Scale-Symmetric Physics (Main Article No 2: Cosmology)

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 23 Pages.

A collision of two very big pieces of space leads to the initial conditions for the inflation field and next to the succeeding phase transitions of the superluminal inflation field (i.e. of the superluminal Higgs field composed of the non-gravitating tachyons) so there appear different scales. Due to the inflation, there appear two boundaries of our Cosmos that cause that the basic physical constants are invariant. The fourth phase transition of the Higgs field, described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory, leads to the cosmological structures (protoworlds) which appeared in our Cosmos after the inflation. Evolution of the protoworlds leads to the dark matter, dark energy, and expanding universes - the three components of a universe consist of the components of the luminal Einstein spacetime that appeared during the inflation (the components are the neutrino-antineutrino pairs). The inflows of the dark matter and dark energy into the baryonic matter cause the exits of the universes from their black-hole state. To describe correctly dynamics of an expanding universe, we must know that the speed of light in “vacuum” c, is the speed in relation to source or in relation to a last-interaction object/detector - it follows from the superluminal quantum entanglement. Such cosmological dynamics shows that the Universe is 21.614 Gyr old but we can see only the last period 13.866 +- 0.096 Gyr of evolution of the galaxies. Moreover, the last period is the time distance, not the spatial distance that is equal to about 4.971 Gyr only. Among many other things, we calculated the abundances of the dark matter, dark energy and the baryonic matter, Hubble constant, number of CMB photons, we described the origin of the large-scale structure of the Universe, the anisotropy power for the CMB radiation, and the standard ruler in cosmology, we calculated as well the ratio of B-modes to E-modes and abundance of helium and hydrogen.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[18] viXra:1511.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-21 15:20:32

Physics of GW Generated by Tokamak, for Strain H ~ 10^-25 at Center of Tokamak & Mukhanov’s Mistake , Corrected

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 44 Pages. Chongqing University presentation made in front of officials from the Chinese academy of sciences, in November 17, 2015

How Plasma Fusion Burning makes possible GW analysis in place of only using Electric Fields in Plasma’s
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[17] viXra:1511.0208 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-22 06:26:10

Why Does Time Exist? Why Does Space Exist?

Authors: David Brown
Comments: 4 Pages.

Do time and space exist because there exist mathematical structures that determine the empirical facts about physics? Does time exist because 2^46 divides the order of the monster group? Does space exist because 3^20 divides the order of the monster group? This brief communication offers speculation concerning string theory and a possible unified theory of mathematics, theoretical physics, and theoretical computer science.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[16] viXra:1511.0188 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-06 12:59:51

Foundations of the Scale-Symmetric Physics (Main Article No 1: Particle Physics)

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 57 Pages. First publication: “General Theory of Singularities”, Tajgeta, 1997

Here we showed that the non-perturbative Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) is the lacking part of Theory of Everything (ToE). General Relativity (GR) leads to the Higgs field composed of the non-gravitating tachyons. Due to the succeeding phase transitions of the superluminal Higgs field, there appear different scales - it is the foundations of the Scale-Symmetric Theory. Theories of three scales are dual i.e. ratios of physical quantities in these scales concerning the same mechanisms, have the same values. Due to the succeeding phase transitions, there appear the binary systems of superluminal closed strings (i.e. the entanglons that are responsible for the quantum entanglement), neutrinos and neutrino-antineutrino pairs the luminal Einstein spacetime consists of, cores of baryons, and cores of cosmic structures (the cores of protoworlds) that evolution leads to dark matter, dark energy, and to the expanding universes. There appear three additional interactions i.e. viscosity of tachyons, superluminal linear quantum entanglement, and volumetric confinement. There appears the four-particle symmetry that solves many problems. Here as well we described the internal dynamics of baryons that leads to the atom-like structure of baryons and next to mesons and to the composite Higgs boson with a mass of 125 GeV. Among many other things, we described symmetries and laws of conservation that result from the initial parameters, we calculated the physical constants from initial conditions, coupling constants, running coupling for nuclear strong interactions and masses of quarks. Due to the superluminal Higgs field, the neutrinos acquire their gravitational mass. Theoretical results are much better than results obtained within Standard Model. We apply 7 parameters only and very simple mathematics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[15] viXra:1511.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-20 03:03:44

Introduction to Unified Field Mechanics: Formalizing the Protocol

Authors: Richard L. Amoroso
Comments: 25 Pages.

Anthropic Multiverse cosmology in 12 ‘continuous-state’ dimensions. The paradigm with many new parameters is cast in a scale-invariant conformal covariant Dirac polarized vacuum utilizing extended HD forms of the de Broglie-Bohm and Cramer interpretations of quantum theory. The model utilizes a unique form of M-Theory based in part on the original hadronic form of string theory that had a variable string tension, TS and included a tachyon. The model is experimentally testable, thus putatively able to demonstrate the existence of large-scale additional dimensionality (LSXD), test for QED violating tight-bound state spectral lines in hydrogen ‘below’ the lowest Bohr orbit, and surmount the quantum uncertainty principle utilizing a hyperincursive Sagnac Effect resonance hierarchy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] viXra:1511.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-18 16:25:39

Ferent Gravitation Theory

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 32 Pages. This is a new gravitation theory which breaks the wall of Planck scale. I discovered the graviton: the impulse of the graviton, the energy of the graviton, the speed of the graviton, the frequency of the graviton and the mass of the graviton.

I explained Gravitation with quantum mechanics; this means all four fundamental forces acting on the atomic scale are described with quantum mechanics. I found another wall, the Ferent wall beyond the Planck wall. The single graviton state is an eigenstate of H and the corresponding energy is aν. I replaced Max Planck equation E = h × f with the Ferent equation for the energy of a photon: E = h × f + a × f I discovered the impulse of the graviton: p = a / λ I replaced Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Δp × Δx ≥ h / 4π with Ferent Uncertainty Principle: Δp × Δx ≥ a In my view the electromagnetic wave is the superposition of 3 sinusoids, because the photon has relativistic mass and travels with a coupled graviton. The graviton has negative impulse, negative mass and negative energy. I am the first who understood and explained that the gravitons with the speed of light are too slow to keep the constellations and the galaxy together. I explained the gravitation with the speed of the gravitons bigger than the speed of light. I calculated the volume of the universe at Planck wall and the volume of the universe at Ferent wall.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] viXra:1511.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-18 17:55:40

An SO(4) Yang-Mills Description of Quantum Gravity

Authors: Fermin Aldabe
Comments: 22 Pages.

The U (1) × SO(4) covariant derivative produces an action where the SO(4) generators do not commute with the Dirac matrices because the generators themselves are constructed from those matrices. This yields additional interactions absent in SU(2) and SU(3) Yang Mills theories. The contributions from these interactions produce T-matrix elements consistent with the Newtonian and post Newtonian interactions found in the low energy limit of classical general relativity theory for both matter-matter and matter-photon interactions. The theory here proposed not only reproduces the observed experimental results of general relativity, but it is also renormalizable and more importantly it can be coupled to the standard model in a trivial way. Thus, SO(4) × SU (3) × SU (2) × U (1) Yang Mills best describes all interactions in nature.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] viXra:1511.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-18 10:34:45

Theory of Spontaneous Fluctuations

Authors: Cesar Alcalde Blanco
Comments: 28 Pages. the article is written in spanish

This article discusses the theory formulated by the Polish physicist Theodor Kaluza in 1919. In this theory, it generalized Kaluza's equations of general relativity four spatial dimensions (rather than the three we know), obtaining results in the symmetry associated with freedom of movement He allowed the new dimension caused the existence of a force field like the electromagnetic, thus unifying the gravitational fields and electromagnetic. This theory, later improved by the Swedish mathematician Oskar Klein, had a serious defect that ultimately was the cause of it fell into oblivion, and it was it lacked an explanation of the origin of that extra dimension as well and the fact that we can not see or feel it. In this article, through the formulation of the Theory of Fluctuations Spontaneous, I try to give an explanation of the genesis of this dimension, and see how this new dimension, hitherto neglected, is essential to unify and understand concepts such as the origin of mass, electric charge, acceleration, expansion of the universe, energy dark, the unification of the four fundamental forces, etc.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:1511.0153 [pdf] replaced on 2015-12-08 11:53:06

Control of the Gravitational Energy by means of Sonic Waves

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 4 Pages.

It is shown here that the incidence of sonic waves on a solid can reduce its gravitational mass. This effect is more relevant in the case of the Aerogels, in which it is possible strongly reduce their gravitational masses by using sonic waves of low frequency.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1511.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2015-12-21 09:59:47

Why and How do Black Holes Radiate?

Authors: Risto Raitio
Comments: 6 Pages. Published version, Open Access Library Journal, 2: e2254. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1102254

The phenomenological model proposed in this note indicates that the black hole radiation consists of two components: the standard thermal Hawking radiation and an additional non-thermal baryonic/leptonic component due to quantum number neutralization by the no-hair theorem. The particle radiation grows relatively stronger than the Hawking radiation with increasing black hole mass, and it can be tested in principle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1511.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-16 07:33:22

A Merge of the Rideout-Sorkin Growth Process with Quantum Field Theory on Causal Sets.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 15 Pages.

I raise some issues when one combines the dynamical causal sequential growth dynamics with the static approach towards quantum field theory. A proper understanding of these points is mandatory before one attempts to unite both approaches. The conclusions we draw however appear to transcend causal set theory and apply to any theory of spacetime and matter which involves topology change.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1511.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-15 12:19:43

Gravity, Quantum Potential and the Problem of the Collapse of the Wave Function

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 3 Pages.

Roger Penrose believed that the collapse of the wave function is associated with gravity and the Schrödinger equation is modified as nonlinear. Here the result is obtained that at the Planck scale is not met the principle of superposition and is given a physical nature of the wave function in the form of a soliton.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1511.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-10 05:43:30

Note on a Clifford Algebra Based Grand Unification Program of Gravity and the Standard Model

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 3 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

Further evidence is provided why a $ Cl ( 5, C ) $ gauge field theory in four dimensions furnishes the $simplest$ Grand Unification model of Gravity and the Standard Model. In essence we have four copies of $ Cl ( 4, R )$, one copy per each axis-direction in our observed $ D = 4$-dim spacetime.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1511.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-09 14:08:44

Investigating the Concepts of Space-Time in Another Perspective with the Parametric Spaces

Authors: Zanyar Mohammadi
Comments: 7 Pages.

The way human beings have thought shows that any being has propelled himself/herself to the intellectual challenges by the issue of the universe reality in such a way that its results have led to introducing some theories and rules as the standard model for the universe. So far, some remarkable advancement has been made that clarifies the truth and nature of everything. Having been presented theoretically, the accuracy or inaccuracy of these issues has been declared by contributing them in practical events. Nowadays, having examined the structure within the particlesand the fission within atoms, other particles such as Quarks that are known as the minimal possible level so far have been discovered. This minimal level of particles and the irregularity among them came up with ambiguous or vague observations as it could be expected. To overcome these ambiguities, an algorithm has been merely introduced theoretically and in some cases practically by some theories such as M Reference Theory, Superstring Theory, or the principles of the standard model for the fundamental concepts of the universe. By taking the advancements on the area into consideration and also by referring to Peter Ware Higgs' theory; assuming that there is a particle called Higgs' particle which links or describes whatsoever exists in the universe under a cosmos wide field as a carrier for particles and the interaction among them, stating that it is the contrast or mutuality that gives mass and meaning to everything. From the 1970s, it has been struggled to find out the Higgs' particle by investing a lot on this area so that the major nature of the universe can be determined. According to the aforementioned issues, the following question can be proposed: Is what is considered as space-time [the universe] nowadays the true understanding of this concept regarding the Theoretical Physics or there might be something else? The present study attempts to discuss the concepts in another viewpoint using synthetic subjects which are different from the current theoretical ones; seeking to provide an acceptable idea to shed some light to the field.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1511.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-04 01:45:26

Super Fluid Matrix Theory

Authors: Sudhanva s joshi
Comments: 5 Pages.

Its my first research paper.hoping to find a solution for theory of everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1511.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-03 16:41:11

Physical Review Letters Correspondence with Associate Editor

Authors: Nigel B. Cook, Stanley G. Brown
Comments: 3 Pages.

Emails of more detailed discussion with the associate editor of Physical Review Letters on 22 January 2003 over the mechanism of gravity (see http://vixra.org/abs/1305.0012 for brief summary or http://vixra.org/abs/1111.0111 and related uploads to vixra for more detail). Once specious and otherwise false claims by Physical Review Letters are omitted, we are left with an email from the associate editor Richard Price which arrogantly and ignorantly declares: "You are proposing a very nonstandard mechanism for gravity ... Your mechanism/model is highly nonstandard and, as such, needs very thorough justification. Physical Review Letters is not the appropriate journal for such a presentation." This last sentence basically terminates any possibility of publishing the facts in the PRL, regardless of the thoroughness of the presentation, because they state that the journal is not the place for a scientific revolution based on proved facts.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1511.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-03 16:23:05

Physical Review Letters Correspondence

Authors: Nigel B. Cook, Stanley G. Brown
Comments: 2 Pages.

Email discussion with the editor of Physical Review Letters on 2 January 2003 over the mechanism of gravity (see http://vixra.org/abs/1305.0012 for brief summary or http://vixra.org/abs/1111.0111 and related uploads to vixra for more detail). Notice that Stanley G. Brown, editor of PRL, makes a large number of unproved, misleading, speculative and false assertions in failing to publish the paper (which he falsely claims is speculative, suggesting he has not read it or checked the calculations made) and begins with the assertion that I have a doctorate, which is incorrect and proves that even my covering letter letter has not been read. When you exclude all the incorrect statements made by Stanley G. Brown, you are left with merely "Physical Review Letters does not, in general, publish papers on alternatives to currently accepted theories ..." This tells you a lot about the stagnation of quantum gravity in "peer" reviewed journals since 2003. These people are proved ignorant by their replies, and do not even read the letters to see whether authors have a PhD or not. So, given that error, why trust their judgement to censor the paper itself? There was a further exchange of emails with the associate editor over a longer period, in which the associate editor correctly called the mechanism "an extremely non-standard theory", but it turned out that instead of praising the new idea for its accurate prediction of the amount of dark energy two years before observation, what he really meant was that he only wanted spin-2 superstring theories of the failed Edward Witten variety that did not predict the observed dark energy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1511.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-03 07:49:45

The Structure of Autonomous Motion E/m Waves

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 14 Pages.

On a previous paper (see http://viXra.org/abs/1505.0211), the inductive-inertial G phenomenon is developed, which is a precondition to create E/M waves, while the cause for the creation of E/M formations is the Γ phenomenon, namely the rotary oscillations of the electron. So, the creation of E/M waves is interpreted as photons at the emission and absorption in the atomic orbitals, while the Compton scattering is interpreted, as a result of the absorption inability of the high energy photons from the electron. Also, the emission of neutrinos and antineutrinos is interpreted as independent E/M formations, which are created when a neutron breaks down into a proton and an electron (beta decay). Specifically, at the contact limits of the neutron quarks, due to the acceleration of the surface charges of the neutron cortex (see http://viXra.org/abs/1502.0097), the adjacent opposite units are accelerated strongly, causing grouping units (G phenomenon) outside the neutron cortex, as an E/M wave of one spindle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1511.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-03 01:52:47

Gedankenexperiment About the e and B Fields, and the Link to Gravitons and by Extension Gravitational Waves in the Early Universe

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 4 Pages.

We examine what Padmanabhan presented in an exercise as of a linkage to (Electromagnetic) E and M fields with Gravitation. The modifications we bring up take the nonrelativistic approximation as the beginning of an order of magnitude estimate as to gravitons, E and M fields, and are by definition linked to the total angular momentum of an initial configuration of ‘particles’ of space-time import. The innovation put into Padmanbhan’/s calculation is to for total mass M, used, to substitute in M ~ N(gravitons) times m(g), where m(g) is about 10^-62 grams, as well as specify distances, for the object spinning as being about Planck length in size, give or take a few orders of magnitude. The results are by definition very crude, and do not take into account relativistic effects, but are probably within an order of magnitude important comparisons
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory