Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1708 Submissions

[14] viXra:1708.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-30 16:42:54

Do Physical Laws/ Physics Parameter Constants Remain Invariant from a Prior Universe, to the Present Universe?

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 22 Pages. accepted by jhepgc, and Christian Corda for publication

The invariance of physical law between a prior to a present universe is brought up, as a continuation of analyzing entropy in today’s universe, and the relationship of entropy to information content in a prior universe. If or not there is enough information to preserve the amount of physical law also may play a role as to if or not additional dimensions for cosmological dynamics is necessary.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] viXra:1708.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-30 07:14:02

A Classical Relation of the Higgs Mechanism

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 9 pages, including 13 figures

Subatomic mass scales derived from the radii of the planets of the solar system, by way of the ‘quantum/classical connection’, lie on the mass/energy levels of the Planck Model. The geometric mean of the eight planetary radii maps onto the Higgs field vacuum expectation value (246 GeV), while the radius of Jupiter maps onto the mass of the Higgs boson (125 GeV). While Higgs field coupling constants derived from a ten-dimensional geometry relate particle masses to the expectation value of the field, coupling constants derived from the ten-dimensional geometry relate the planetary radii to the (geometric) mean planetary radius.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] viXra:1708.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-26 21:18:14

Energy Body Theory Opens New Frontiers of Physics in the 21st Century

Authors: Ichiro Nakayama
Comments: 150 Pages.

There are four kinds of force in the natural world, which are electromagnetic force, weak force, strong force and gravity. To unify them, the “Theory of Everything” is looked for. More, there are also “Dark Matter” and “Dark Energy” which are still mysterious. But, “Energy Body Theory” will unify them on the base of one axiom including dark matter and dark energy. It describes that the whole universe including elementary particles is made of just only energy body. As a result, the conclusion that all interactions are caused by the difference of energy level of energy body is drawn. Energy body theory also contrives an elementary particle model according to the axiom. The model draws the shape like that energy body is revolving as a wave motion focusing on a self-axis, and attenuates from the center part in high energy state to the foot area of the expanse part in low energy state, and becomes one with space. The spherical part of the center shows the character of a particle and the foot area part shows the character of field. A rise or a descent of energy is caused by the direction of a mutual wave motion, and repulsive force or attractive force is caused. Then, it is conceivable that light and electromagnetic waves are the transcriptions which are made when electronic posture changes and is transcript into static energy body (space). I inspected if this idea is right applying to the basic physical phenomena which are electromagnetism, an elementary particle, gravity, dark energy and the structure of the universe, etc. And I am successful in all cases that I inspected up to now. More, basic physical phenomena which are not shown the reasons now by the present physics was explained. For example, they are the reasons that an elementary particle has a character of electrical charge, that an electrical charge is plus or minus, that magnetic field occurs around electrical current, that an elementary particle and light have the character of duality of particle and wave, that light velocity is invariable, that Bose and Einstein condensation occurs, and what is a spin of an elementary particle. More, the universe expansion is also too. Energy body theory explains what gravity and the dark energy are, and even advocates the structure of the universe that the universe circulation system functions instead of big-bang theory.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:1708.0372 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-30 10:50:20

The Dynamics of the Gravity Field

Authors: Malik Matwi
Comments: 34 Pages. Damascus University, Syria

We derive the canonical momentum of the gravity field. Then we use it to derive the path integral of the gravity field. The canonical momentum is represented in Lorentz group. We derive it from the holonomy U(A) of the connection A of Lorentz group. We derive the path integral of gravity field as known in quantum fields theory and discuss the situation of free gravity field (like electromagnetic field). We find that this situation is only in the background spacetime, weak gravity, the situation of low matter density. We search for a theory in which the gravity field is a dynamical at any energy in arbitrary curved spacetime. For that, we suggest a duality gravity-area. That duality lets to possibility to study both gravity and area as dynamical fields in arbitrary curved spacetime. We find that the area field exists in the space-like and the gravity field exists in the time-like. We find that the tensor product of gravity and area fields, in selfdual representation, satisfies the reality condition. We derive the static potential of exchanging gravitons in scalar and spinor fields, the Newtonian gravitational potential.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1708.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-23 16:42:37

The Earth Attracts with Greater Force the Moon, Than the Moon Attracts the Earth

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 80 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

I discovered that the Earth attracts with greater force the Moon, than the Moon attracts the Earth! “Gravitational force is mediated by gravitons faster than the speed of light, with negative momentum” Adrian Ferent “Think more and Study less” Adrian Ferent “Newton's third law is wrong” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors and your books: Newton's third Law of Motion: the law of Action and Reaction, if the Earth exerts a force on the Moon, the Moon must exert an equal and opposite force on the Earth. “The flux density of gravitons emitted by the Earth is bigger than the flux density of gravitons emitted by the Moon.” Adrian Ferent This means: “The Earth attracts with greater force the Moon, than the Moon attracts the Earth”
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1708.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-21 14:47:37

What if the Graviton Had a Negative Mass?

Authors: Sundar Narayan
Comments: 7 Pages.

ABSTRACT: Gravitons are the as-yet undiscovered particles that convey gravity. “Massive gravity” – the idea that gravitons may have a tiny positive mass mg - has recently been revived. The equations of massive gravity contain the quantity mg2 but not mg itself. Yet, the possibility that mg could be negative has never been explored. This paper shows that negative mass gravitons can 1) explain the actual mechanism of gravity in terms of Newtonian mechanics, 2) be used to derive Milgrom’s constant in Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND), a theory that obviates the need for Dark Matter, 3) identify Dark Energy as being equivalent to the momentum flux of negative mass gravitons, 4) suggest why a vacuum has a far lower density than what quantum field theory predicts.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1708.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-18 12:48:11

A Quantum Phenomenon that Forces the Extra Energy Shift in Mossbauer Rotor Experiment

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Here, within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we described a quantum phenomenon that forces a rapid additional increase in the coefficient k which defines the Mossbauer rotor experiment (k increases from 0.5 predicted within the General Theory of Relativity to 0.714). The extra energy shift follows from the interactions of photons with virtual charged pairs produced at the cost of the relativistic mass. Production of such pairs results from the atom-like structure of baryons described within SST. We as well answered following question: Why are there so many different theories of gravity?
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1708.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-16 11:30:26

Universal Theory of General Invariance

Authors: M.P. Benowitz
Comments: 29 Pages. Submitted to Foundations of Physics

Through the introduction of a new principle of physics, we extend quantum mechanics by proposing three additional postulates. With them we construct a quantum theory where gravitation emerges from the thermodynamics of an entangled vacuum. This new quantum theory reproduces the observations of the $\Lambda$CDM model of cosmology, predicting the existence of massive vacua $ M_{\text{on}} = \sqrt{\dfrac{\hbar c}{G}}$ and $M_{\text{off}} = \sqrt{\dfrac{ \Lambda^{2} \hbar^{3}G}{c^{5}}}$. Finally, we propose an experiment for the formers direct detection.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1708.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-16 06:01:40

New Gravitational Theory of Time

Authors: LeiGuanji
Comments: 6 Pages.

What is the source of the gravity? Why the zero point energy didn't lead the curvature of space-time to infinite? How to describe the gravity in a very short length? Why the proton almost can't decay? Who is the first cause? To answer those questions, I wrote this paper and I hope my ideas can give us a right answer.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1708.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-14 16:32:10

Review of Weyl Tensor as an Aid to Reviewing the Penrose Weyl Tensor Conjecture Near Start of Inflation. I.e. that no Need to Suppose it is Always Zero at Start of Inflation

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 14 Pages.

We review, using our prior work the Weyl tensor as an aid to reviewing the Penrose Weyl Tensor Conjecture near start of Inflation. Our supposition is that this Weyl tensor will not vanish, and this is in tandem with a non- zero initial entropy. In doing so, we make use of two representations of the scale factor, one with , and another in terms of , with the time, scaled as . The second representation of the derivative of will yield a not equal to zero due to initial time step not being zero, i.e. a quantization of time, whereas the first representation of depends upon the initial value assumed and picked. We then afterwards, say something as to Malek’s doctoral thesis rendition of , for n general dimensions as a way to buttress our conclusion, that indeed is non-zero at start of inflation provided certain assumptions are made. Which in turn affects entropy production at the start of the universe. Note . in the case of a Pre Planckian imaginary time , i.e. to have real valued, but nonzero, we have to restrict = 1, as a way of making sense of what happens if we do use purely imaginary time. If not, then the Weyl tensor could be complex valued. If we have real time for , we have far less restrictive conditions, as is given in our document. i.e. This idea of use of a much larger initial value of the cosmological constant in line with [16] leads to a closed form solution for the if we have real time for . We conclude with our buildup to the future works section by the end of our conclusion, which has that a Pre Planckian may be linked to the inverse of the Planckian value of the initial Hubble parameter. With future input from reference [13] of our paper.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1708.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-08 05:28:05

Einstein Bent the Time, Ferent Unbent the Time

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 76 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

I explained Gravitational time dilation! “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent “Einstein bent the time, Ferent unbent the time” Adrian Ferent Einstein’s geometric gravity is not a force like in Newton’s theory, but a consequence of the distortion of space and time. “Gravitational field strength is smaller at higher altitude, because the flux of gravitons to the same surface is smaller at higher altitude, this means fewer interactions.” Adrian Ferent “Interactions in my Gravitation theory, curvature in Einstein Gravitation theory” Adrian Ferent Because of fewer interactions with gravitons, clocks that are far from massive bodies run more quickly and clocks close to massive bodies run more slowly. “Scientists are more rigorous to indoctrinate people, than clerics. Clerics need a thousand years to indoctrinate population with a new religion, scientists needed one hundred years to indoctrinate the whole world with Einstein's Gravitation theory, a wrong theory.” Adrian Ferent All Gravitation theories based on Einstein gravitation theory are wrong, from example the String theory.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1708.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-06 18:01:26

Setting Time as Purely Imaginary in Regime of Space-Time Before Causal Barrier and Planckian Space-Time

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 4 Pages. Asks if imaginary time is derigor in the Pre Plankian universe

We start where we use an inflaton value due to use of a scale factor min ~ a a t  . In doing so, using the approximations brought up in the case of an early universe generation of a magnetic field, we come up with the stunning datum of a Pre Planckian space-time with purely imaginary time. The consequences of such are brought up in our document. We use what is brought up in a prior article as to Pre Planckian to Planckian generation of Magnetic fields to make our point. Here, we assume, in the Pre Planckian spacetime, a singular injection of space-time. Which we argue, if there is no spatial variation of the Inflaton field, so used, and we just have ONE Pre Planckian time instant, that this will be imaginary valued time, hence leading to pure Tunneling behavior. To whatever we are channeling from say a Penrose cosmology style CCC universe recycling, in terms of energy, is transferred to Planckian space-time
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1708.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-04 20:21:10

The Theory of Quantum Relativity

Authors: Daniel Cordero Grau
Comments: 5 Pages.

IN THIS PAPER I LAY DOWN THE THEORY OF QUANTUM RELATIVITY
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1708.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-04 05:21:30

Extra Dimensions in Bose–Einstein Condensate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

Evidence for the extra space-like dimensions predicted by string theory could be found within Bose–Einstein condensates (BECs) – according to Sergio Gutiérrez, Abel Camacho and Héctor Hernández of Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa in Mexico City. [11] University of Cincinnati theoretical physicists are about to report on a controversial discovery that they say contradicts the work of researchers over the decades. [10] As our devices get ever smaller, so do the materials we use to make them. And that means you have to get really close to see them. Really close. A new electron microscope unveiled at the UK’s national SuperSTEM facility images objects at an unprecedented resolution, right down to the individual atoms. [9] New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory