Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1711 Submissions

[15] viXra:1711.0457 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-29 05:53:45

Sphere Theory and Planck Mass

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

In “Evidence for Granular Space-time”(1), Sphere Theory was proposed as a hypothesis by the author that the universe is a sphere made of spheres that again are made of smaller spheres. The levels of spheres, that were studied, are as follows; the Hubble sphere, which is of the order of 13.8 billion light years in radius; the Planck Sphere, which is the order of the Comptom wavelength of the neutron; and Kaluza sphere, which has Planck dimensions. The value N=6.57920*10^40 was determined to be the amount of Kaluza spheres on the outside of three Planck spheres. If we assign mass to be equivalent to a number of spheres we can show that Planck Mass is the number of Kaluza spheres in the volume of 3 Planck Spheres and The mass of the Neutron is layer of Kaluza spheres on the surface of 3 Planck Spheres. It was discussed in “The Holographic Principle and How can the Particles and Universe be Modeled as a Hollow Sphere” (2), that active part of the Planck Sphere and Hubble Sphere is due to imperfections in the packing of spheres with spheres, that turns out to be almost exactly equivalent to the outer surface of the sphere. Although these imperfections of packing are throughout the sphere, they are equivalent to outer packing surface of the sphere. It is these imperfections that are the only pieces of information in the sphere, the rest is perfectly packed and offer no information.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] viXra:1711.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-26 11:25:07

Cosmological Quantum Gravity

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 4 Pages.

The mirror neutrino hypothesis for quantum gravity has been used to resolve known cosmological problems using quantised inertia. In this note we clarify the theoretical principles, describe the true electroweak vacuum, and explain where conventional holographic scenarios go wrong.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] viXra:1711.0430 [pdf] replaced on 2019-06-03 13:17:53

Planar Yang-Mills 101

Authors: Nicholas R. Wright
Comments: 9 Pages. Added "Nonetheless, given the Yule-Simpson effect, we examine a Quirkless Galaxy (Q^2)."

The point is to define the limiting continuum field theory. In principle, this might even be done without taking limits. The Hamiltonian, the operator on the quantum Hilbert space which generates time translations, has a square root called the supercharge. Here we use the Moon model and Parfait logic. Furthermore, although one has changed the problem, one still has a fairly close relation to the original problem using the ideology of the renormalization group. We can start with a supersymmetric theory, and add supersymmetry breaking terms to the action which only become important at long distances as many lattice spacings, to obtain a theory with the better renormalization properties of the supersymmetric theory at short distances, but which reduces to conventional Yang-Mills theory at longer distances. Thus, a solution to the problem in a sufficiently general class of supersymmetric theories, would in fact imply the solution of the original problem. We propose a Cacace tetraoxygen universe relative to a Poincaré Dodecahedral Space. This is called an oxozone.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] viXra:1711.0419 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-01 04:16:46

Time as Energy

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this development upon four previous papers [1][2][3][4], we shall finally explain the link between the idea of “time” and “energy”, bringing parity between time and energy while explaining why quantum entanglement [5] as a concept is “immediate” (breaking the confines of time itself). First, we shall integrate the idea of time as energy into all the references made regarding energy in the four preceding papers, to demonstrate the consistency and greater detail available to the theory via this method of time-energy regard. Then, we shall derive the temperature of the background microwave radiation [6] in expanding upon paper 4, highlighting entropy as the cosmic microwave background radiation. Finally, we will then be able to propose the nature of the appearance of the universe of stars in this new context, through this new filter of time-energy regard.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:1711.0383 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-03 13:06:58

A Formulation of Vacuum Quantum Relativity.

Authors: Johan Noldus
Comments: 5 Pages.

A theory of vacuum quantum gravity is developed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1711.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-19 00:11:03

Creating a (Quantum?) Constraint, in Pre Planckian Space-Time Early Universe Via the Einstein Cosmological Constant in a One to One and Onto Comparison Between Two Action Integrals. (Text of Talk for FFP 15, Spain November 30, 11 am-11:30 Am, Conference

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 9 Pages. FFP 15 talk, half an hour, November 30, 11-11:30 AM

** NOTE, this is a “30 minute” Communications talk approved by Jesus, of FFP15 For November 30, 2017. Presumably for the conference proceedings** We are looking at comparison of two action integrals and we identify the Lagrangian multiplier as setting up a constraint equation (on cosmological expansion). Two action integrals, one which is connected with quantum gravity is called equivalent to another action integral, and the 2nd action integral has a Lagrangian multiplier in it. Using the idea of a Lagrangian multiplier as a constraint equation, we draw our conclusions in a 1 to 1 and onto assumed equivalence between the two action integrals. The viability of the 1 to 1 and onto linkage between the two action integrals is open to question, but if this procedure is legitimate , the conclusions so assumed are fundamentally important. We also state this procedure should be streamed toward giving substance to the paper entitled “Fast optimization algorithms and the cosmological constant”, by Ning Bao, et.al.2017 , as a way to find conditions for restricting the size of the cosmological constant to be of 10^ - 120 for reasons we discuss as a future works project. We come up with relic GW which are after 65 e folds of inflationary expansion leading to 10 ^ 36 GHz high frequency GW being possible at the site of formation of the 10^-120 sized cosmological constant, for 10 GHz HFGW today. After 65 e folds of inflationary expansion Key words, Ricci Scalar, inflaton physics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1711.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-16 08:05:05

The Awareness Theory of Everything

Authors: Nathan Hamaoui
Comments: 9 Pages. an original theory of everything, copyrighted in referenced book by same author

This paper presents a unique ‘Theory of Everything’ that starts from the bottom up – building the universe from almost scratch. It then proceeds to define and map basic physical concepts including time and space. Viewed from this theory’s perspective, many currently axiomatic and paradoxical phenomena make natural sense.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1711.0336 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-21 12:45:12

Lepton Mass Phases and the CKM Matrix

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 6 Pages.

The Brannen neutrino mass triplet extends Koide's rule for the charged leptons, which was used to correctly predict the tau mass. Assuming that Koide's rule is exact, we consider the fundamental 2/9 lepton phase, noting connections to the CKM matrix and arithmetic information. An estimate for the fine structure constant is included.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1711.0295 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-22 20:49:54

Correlation Found Between Solar Neutrinos and Solar Gravity Indicates Neutrinos as Gravity Source and Related Proposed Experiments

Authors: Jeremiah J Johnson
Comments: 7 Pages.

Examining the relationship between solar neutrino flux and solar gravity finds they correlate by (Equation provided in PDF) where are neutrinos produced per t time, c is the speed of light in a vacuum, and is Planck's length. The correlation finds a match to within 0.74% of modern standard solar models and 0.63% of solar neutrino measured values(well within the margin of error). I also consider how this simplifies the Schwarzschild radius and the ramifications of this model on gravitational time dilation. I consider how the relation between neutrinos and gravity may help unravel the positive cosmological constant and Supernova behavior. Furthermore, I find evidence of a direct relationship between quantum angular momentum spin and gravity. Lastly, three testable predictions are provided.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1711.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-12 16:44:05

Calculating Mass of Higgs Boson, and Complex (Imaginary?) Higgs Boson Mass Changed to Real Mass in Electro-Weak Era

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 25 Pages.

We obtain a polynomial based iterative solution for early universe creation of the Higgs boson mass, using a polynomial with the coefficients for derived through integral formulations with the mass of a Higgs boson, and the construction of the coefficients derived as of the using a potential system, for the Higgs, largely similar to the Peskin and Schroeder quantum field theoretic treatment for a Higgs potential. Afterwards, we examine if mass may have complex number and possibly imaginary values, with attendant description of consequences in the electroweak regime of space-time. We end with a description of Imaginary mass becoming Real in Electroweak, with resultant consequences for DM discussed in the last section with explicit construction of space-time bubbles nucleated due to imaginary mass of Higgs becoming real, as a contributing source of GW radiation in Electroweak era
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1711.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-11 17:44:40

Elementary Forces and Particles Correlating with Ordinary Matter, Dark Matter, and Dark Energy

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper discusses and applies a basis for modeling elementary forces and particles. We show that models based on isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators describe aspects of the four traditional fundamental physics forces and point to some known and possible elementary particles. We summarize results from models based on solutions to equations featuring isotropic pairs of isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators. Results include predictions for new elementary particles and possible descriptions of dark matter and dark energy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1711.0136 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-05 23:12:29

On Dark Energy and the Relativistic Bohm-Poisson Equation

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 15 Pages. Submitted to Phys. Letts. B

Recently, solutions to the $nonlinear$ Bohm-Poisson (BP) equation were found with relevant cosmological applications. We were able to obtain an exact analytical expression for the observed vacuum energy density, and explain the origins of its $repulsive$ gravitational nature. In this work we considerably improve our prior arguments in support of our findings, and provide further results which include two possible extensions of the Bohm-Poisson equation to the full relativistic regime; explain how Bohm's quantum potential in four-dimensions could be re-interpreted as a gravitational potential in five-dimensions, and which explains why the presence of dark energy/dark matter in our $4D$ spacetime can only be inferred $indirectly$, but not be detected/observed directly. We conclude with some comments about the Dirac-Eddington large numbers coincidences.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1711.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-04 03:29:57

Special Theory of Relativity in the Theory of Emergent Space-Time-Matter (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 5 Pages.

The derivation of Lorentz transformations is shown in the theory of emergent space-time-matter. A new interpretation of the Lorentz transformations and special theory of relativity is given.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1711.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-15 18:01:02

Non Local Mirror Neutrinos with R=ct

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 10 Pages.

Beginning with the observationally successful FLRW constraint of Riofrio, a classical alternative to $\Lambda$CDM, we introduce a mass gap correction to cosmology, incorporating a few aspects of the $\Lambda$CDM model, wherein both neutrinos and non local mirror neutrinos play a key role. Non local neutrinos are antineutrinos. The equivalence principle is mildly broken using McCulloch's approach to quantum inertia and a new holographic principle. There is no dark matter and no dark energy, and mirror neutrino states are informationally connected to the CMB. Consequences include (i) a present day temperature of $2.73$K arising as a mirror rest mass, (ii) an estimate of the observable mass of the universe and (iii) an effective sterile mass of $1.29$eV, permitted by current oscillation results.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1711.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 08:38:53

Speed of Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Recent gravitational wave detections have allowed physicists to confirm with greater and greater precision what Einstein predicted over 100 years ago in the theory of general relativity: that gravity does not act instantaneously as Newton thought, but instead propagates at the speed of light. [12] Physicists have proposed a way to test quantum gravity that, in principle, could be performed by a laser-based, table-top experiment using currently available technology. [11] Now however, a new type of materials, the so-called Weyl semimetals, similar to 3-D graphene, allow us to put the symmetry destructing quantum anomaly to work in everyday phenomena, such as the creation of electric current. [10] Physicist Professor Chunnong Zhao and his recent PhD students Haixing Miao and Yiqiu Ma are members of an international team that has created a particularly exciting new design for gravitational wave detectors. [9] A proposal for a gravitational-wave detector made of two space-based atomic clocks has been unveiled by physicists in the US. [8] The gravitational waves were detected by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. [7] A team of researchers with the University of Lisbon has created simulations that indicate that the gravitational waves detected by researchers with the LIGO project, and which are believed to have come about due to two black holes colliding, could just have easily come from another object such as a gravaster (objects which are believed to have their insides made of dark energy) or even a wormhole. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes the simulations they created, what was seen and what they are hoping to find in the future. [6] In a landmark discovery for physics and astronomy, international scientists said Thursday they have glimpsed the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, which Albert Einstein predicted a century ago. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star'-unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory