Quantum Gravity and String Theory

0808 Submissions

[3] viXra:0808.0004 [pdf] submitted on 16 Aug 2008

Black Holes and Quantum Theory: The Fine Structure Constant Connection

Authors: Reginald T. Cahill
Comments: 7 pages

The new dynamical theory of space is further confirmed by showing that the effective “black hole” masses MBH in 19 spherical star systems, from globular clusters to galaxies, with masses M, satisfy the prediction that MBH = α/2 M, where α is the fine structure constant. As well the necessary and unique generalisations of the Schrödinger and Dirac equations permit the first derivation of gravity from a deeper theory, showing that gravity is a quantum effect of quantum matter interacting with the dynamical space. As well the necessary generalisation of Maxwell’s equations displays the observed light bending effects. Finally it is shown from the generalised Dirac equation where the spacetime mathematical formalism, and the accompanying geodesic prescription for matter trajectories, comes from. The new theory of space is non-local and we see many parallels between this and quantum theory, in addition to the fine structure constant manifesting in both, so supporting the argument that space is a quantum foam system, as implied by the deeper information-theoretic theory known as Process Physics. The spatial dynamics also provides an explanation for the “dark matter” effect and as well the non-locality of the dynamics provides a mechanism for generating the uniformity of the universe, so explaining the cosmological horizon problem.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:0808.0003 [pdf] submitted on 16 Aug 2008

3-Space In-Flow Theory of Gravity: Boreholes, Blackholes and the Fine Structure Constant

Authors: Reginald T. Cahill
Comments: 8 pages

A theory of 3-space explains the phenomenon of gravity as arising from the timedependence and inhomogeneity of the differential flow of this 3-space. The emergent theory of gravity has two gravitational constants: GN - Newton’s constant, and a dimensionless constant α. Various experiments and astronomical observations have shown that α is the fine structure constant =~ 1/137. Here we analyse the Greenland Ice Shelf and Nevada Test Site borehole g anomalies, and confirm with increased precision this value of a. This and other successful tests of this theory of gravity, including the supermassive black holes in globular clusters and galaxies, and the “dark-matter” effect in spiral galaxies, shows the validity of this theory of gravity. This success implies that the non-relativistic Newtonian gravity was fundamentally flawed from the beginning, and that this flaw was inherited by the relativistic General Relativity theory of gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:0808.0002 [pdf] submitted on 6 Aug 2008

Unification of Gravitational, Strong, Weak and Inertial Forces.

Authors: Maurizio Michelini
Comments: 12 pages

A preceding paper showed that particles moving within a flux of microquanta (filling the space) obey the Relativistic Mechanics and undergo a newtonian-like pushing gravity with G depending on the quantum flux constants. Due to the very little quantum energy E, the ratio E/mc2 is very little, so microquanta follow accurately optical reflection in the Compton s collision with particles. The number of microquanta simultaneously hitting upon a nucleon is very high due to the small quantum wavelength, which equals the Planck's length. Along the joining line of two particles there is a lack of incident quanta (missing beam) which determines unbalanced collisions generating a force between them. The pushing gravity increments the particle energy (through the microquanta collisions) during the contraction of the galactic gas globules leading to protostars. This mechanism predicts that observations of the thermal emission power for major solar planets will exceed the power received from solar light. When two particles are very close, the mutual screening highly increments the missing beam, giving rise to a short-range strong force. Considering the microquanta constants, this force is of the right order to hold protons and neutrons within the atomic nuclei. The old belief that nuclear forces are produced by the nucleons is discarded. Proof is done of the structure of the Deuterium nucleus. The same process originates also a shortrange weak force on the electron closely orbiting a proton, thus originating the neutron structure. While the mutual forces on a nucleon pair are equal, the weak force on the electron differs from the force on the proton (breakdown of Newton s action and reaction symmetry).
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory