[3] **viXra:0808.0004 [pdf]**
*submitted on 16 Aug 2008*

**Authors:** Reginald T. Cahill

**Comments:** 7 pages

The new dynamical theory of space is further confirmed by showing that the effective
“black hole” masses M_{BH} in 19 spherical star systems, from globular clusters to
galaxies, with masses M, satisfy the prediction that M_{BH} = α/2 M, where α is the
fine structure constant. As well the necessary and unique generalisations of the
Schrödinger and Dirac equations permit the first derivation of gravity from a deeper
theory, showing that gravity is a quantum effect of quantum matter interacting with
the dynamical space. As well the necessary generalisation of Maxwell’s equations
displays the observed light bending effects. Finally it is shown from the generalised
Dirac equation where the spacetime mathematical formalism, and the accompanying
geodesic prescription for matter trajectories, comes from. The new theory of space is
non-local and we see many parallels between this and quantum theory, in addition to
the fine structure constant manifesting in both, so supporting the argument that space is
a quantum foam system, as implied by the deeper information-theoretic theory known
as Process Physics. The spatial dynamics also provides an explanation for the “dark
matter” effect and as well the non-locality of the dynamics provides a mechanism
for generating the uniformity of the universe, so explaining the cosmological horizon
problem.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:0808.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 16 Aug 2008*

**Authors:** Reginald T. Cahill

**Comments:** 8 pages

A theory of 3-space explains the phenomenon of gravity as arising from the timedependence
and inhomogeneity of the differential flow of this 3-space. The emergent
theory of gravity has two gravitational constants: G_{N} - Newton’s constant, and a
dimensionless constant α. Various experiments and astronomical observations have
shown that α is the fine structure constant =~ 1/137. Here we analyse the Greenland Ice
Shelf and Nevada Test Site borehole g anomalies, and confirm with increased precision
this value of a. This and other successful tests of this theory of gravity, including the
supermassive black holes in globular clusters and galaxies, and the “dark-matter” effect
in spiral galaxies, shows the validity of this theory of gravity. This success implies that
the non-relativistic Newtonian gravity was fundamentally flawed from the beginning,
and that this flaw was inherited by the relativistic General Relativity theory of gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:0808.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 6 Aug 2008*

**Authors:** Maurizio Michelini

**Comments:** 12 pages

A preceding paper showed that particles moving within a flux of microquanta (filling the space) obey the
Relativistic Mechanics and undergo a newtonian-like pushing gravity with G depending on the quantum flux
constants. Due to the very little quantum energy E, the ratio E/mc2 is very little, so microquanta follow accurately
optical reflection in the Compton s collision with particles. The number of microquanta simultaneously hitting
upon a nucleon is very high due to the small quantum wavelength, which equals the Planck's length. Along the
joining line of two particles there is a lack of incident quanta (missing beam) which determines unbalanced
collisions generating a force between them. The pushing gravity increments the particle energy (through the
microquanta collisions) during the contraction of the galactic gas globules leading to protostars. This mechanism
predicts that observations of the thermal emission power for major solar planets will exceed the power received
from solar light. When two particles are very close, the mutual screening highly increments the missing beam,
giving rise to a short-range strong force. Considering the microquanta constants, this force is of the right order to
hold protons and neutrons within the atomic nuclei. The old belief that nuclear forces are produced by the nucleons
is discarded. Proof is done of the structure of the Deuterium nucleus. The same process originates also a shortrange
weak force on the electron closely orbiting a proton, thus originating the neutron structure. While the mutual
forces on a nucleon pair are equal, the weak force on the electron differs from the force on the proton (breakdown
of Newton s action and reaction symmetry).

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory