[11] **viXra:1312.0231 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-12-30 06:53:13*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** 6 Pages. fixed several typos , including calling a cite, Eq.17 instead of Eq. 16

Wormhole physics as embodied by a modified Wheeler De Witt equation as given by Crowell inter connects with how to write a quintessence version of the ‘cosmological constant’. The resulting value for the ‘cosmological constant’ is for wormholes for reasons stated in this document, using a modified form of the Weiner – Nordstrom metric, with no charge Q.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] **viXra:1312.0222 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-12-28 11:33:03*

**Authors:** György Szondy

**Comments:** 12 Pages. Original submission to arXiv.org/gr-qc at 2008.12.28, Abstract rewritten.

It is well known, that “one of the deepest problems in theoretical physics is harmonizing the theory of general relativity […] with quantum mechanics”. In our study we dig deep to the principles of general relativity, collected results of different approaches and attempts, and tried to assemble the pieces from well-known textbooks according to the preferred approach of Lorenz and Poincaré, and finally we examined the results on the basis of fundamental principles of quantum mechanics. Using this method we succeeded in finding the correlation between the static geometry and the gravitational potential (that was given up by Brans and Dicke in 1961), and with the help of a simple quantum-particle model we found the interaction of the geometry and the matter, thus a kind of mechanism of a possible quantum gravity. In this paper we share the basic steps and the main results of the study.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1312.0221 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-12-27 20:16:46*

**Authors:** Elliott Prather

**Comments:** 2 Pages. Theory to substitute GR and QED

This is to describe a theory developed by Elliott Prather about the following topics;
What actually occurs when we witness a gravitational, electromagnetic, weak nuclear or strong nuclear interaction.
Why light appears to travel at a constant velocity from different vantage points.
The seemingly random behavior of "photons" in the dual slit experiment.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1312.0195 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-12-26 03:35:18*

**Authors:** Rodney Bartlett

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

This article deals with philosophy, but also provides scientific background in the form of physics and cosmology. Intriguing concepts are the roles of band-gap structures, Einstein's Unified Field and Retrocausality (backward causation)in producing the SUPERHUMANS of the far future. These beings will achieve immortality via quantum entanglement with all space and all time. These superhumans would not exist without you, me and all the mortals who ever lived. However, their entanglement with all space-time means you and I are not separate from them. Is a person's mortal life therefore merely the briefest of passing moments in the grand scheme of things? Do we join those we might call gods when we leave this time and little planet?
There are already two universes in a nutshell that I know of. The first, and best known, is “The Universe in a Nutshell” – a 224-page book written by the world-famous English physicist, cosmologist and mathematician Professor Stephen Hawking (born January 8, 1942) that was published by Bantam Spectra on November 6, 2001. The second is “Michio Kaku: The Universe in a Nutshell” – a 42-minute video for The Floating University that is presented by Michio Kaku (born January 24, 1947), Henry Semat Professor of Theoretical Physics at the USA’s CUNY (City University New York). It has been viewed more than 2.6 million times, was uploaded to You Tube on August 15, 2012 and was directed / produced by Jonathan Fowler, Kathleen Russell, and Elizabeth Rodd.
Now, along comes my little version – “The Universe in Another Nutshell”, published in December, 2013 at http://vixra.org/author/rodney_bartlett. References are not listed at the article’s end but are included in the text. As a kind of index, subheadings are typed in my short article (usually after every few paragraphs) to help remind readers where specific info can be found. Subheadings are –
PARTICLES FROM GRAVITY AND NO SUPERSYMMETRY;
RELATING UNIFIED FIELD THEORY TO “PARTICLES FROM GRAVITY”;
WHY IS GRAVITY WEAK? (C^2 AND THE ATOM);
ATTRACTING & REPELLING GRAVITY;
IMAGINARY NUMBERS, FRACTAL GEOMETRY AND DARK MATTER;
ENTANGLED IMMORTALITY;
IMAGINARY MATHS OF NEGATIVE TIME (TRIPS TO PAST);
LOCALIZED UNIFIED FIELD;
THE MATRIX AND THE FIGURE-8 KLEIN BOTTLE,
INTERSTELLAR, INTERGALACTIC AND TIME TRAVEL;
BANDGAP IMPLANTS, THEN UNIFICATION, GO FAR BEYOND STAR TREK;
TIME DILATION, THE UNIFIED FIELD AND THE MATHEMATICAL COSMOS;
“DIGITAL” STRING THEORY AND RENORMALIZATION;
HIDDEN VARIABLES, VIRTUAL PARTICLES AND SUBUNIVERSES;
e∞;
QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT AND RETROCAUSALITY

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1312.0193 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-12-24 10:53:23*

**Authors:** David Brown

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

ABSTRACT: What is dark energy and why does it exist? What is dark matter and why does it exist? Assume that the monster group and the 6 pariah groups enable M-theory to have a computational method. Wolfram’s mobile automaton might use Fredkin-Wolfram information below the Planck scale to create approximations to quantum field theory and general relativity theory. Is there some decisive way of testing this seemingly crackpot theory? CONJECTURE 1: The universe has a maximum physical wavelength if and only if the Space Roar Profile Prediction is empirically valid. CONJECTURE 2: The multiverse operates according to Wolfram’s mobile automaton if and only if the alleged Fernández-Rañada-Milgrom effect is empirically valid. CONJECTURE 3: Superpartners occur in nature if and only nature is infinite. CONJECTURE 4: The space roar is empirical evidence that the inflaton field occurs in nature. Photons and gluons never escape from a measurable universe into the interior of the multiverse. Gravitons travel at the speed of light on average. A statistically few gravitons travel slightly slower than the speed of light and thereby generate the Fernández-Rañada-Milgrom effect. A statistically few gravitons travel slightly faster than the speed of light and escape from a measurable universe into the interior of the multiverse; the escape process generates both the nonzero cosmological constant and the inflaton field. CONJECTURE 5: M-theory has a satisfactory computational method if and only nature is finite.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1312.0188 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-12-29 04:05:18*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

It is assumed that the not numerous pairs of galaxies separated by about 150 Mpc appeared due to the baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO). We can use this distance as the standard ruler in cosmology. On the other hand, the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) shows that the four succeeding phase transitions of the modified Higgs field lead to the cosmic object/Protoworld which was created after the inflation but before the expansion of the Universe. The Protoworld appeared due to fluctuations in the Einstein spacetime - at first there was produced a vortex with left internal helicity. Due to the quantum entanglement, the internal structure of the Protoworld leaked to the Einstein spacetime. It caused that in the Einstein spacetime, already before the expansion of the Universe, there appeared virtual structures and flows which mimicked the structure and characteristic motions in the Protoworld. Such ordered motions in the Einstein spacetime decrease local pressure so there appears the attraction and quantum entanglement between the virtual structures and visible matter. Most important for creation of the cosmological rulers were the virtual cosmological loops produced by the Protoworld in its d = 1 state which is an analog to the d = 1 state in baryons. Calculated here the radius of such cosmological loops is 151.13 Mpc and such is the true origin of the standard ruler in cosmology. Obtained theoretical result is consistent with observational facts.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1312.0070 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-12-10 13:01:41*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In this work, it is shown a method to build a type of kinetic projectile, which can reach relativistic velocities (≲300,000 km/h), with specific kinetic energy of ~10 Megatons/kg. This type of projectile can be very useful in a defense system that launches kinetic projectiles from Earth orbit to asteroids, meteoroids or comets in collision route with Earth.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1312.0060 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-12-09 12:33:46*

**Authors:** P.R. Silva

**Comments:** 05 pages, no figures

In this paper we propose that the inertial masses of the proton and of the electron can be associated to volumes of the unit cells of hyper-cubic lattices constructed in the momentum space. The sizes of the edges of these cells are given by the Planck’s momentum in the case of the electron, and by a modified Planck’s momentum in the case of the proton. We introduce a “conservation of information principle” in order to obtain the wave function which leads to this modified momentum. This modification is attributed to the curvature of the space-time, and in doing this, the concept of the entropy of a black hole has been considered. The obtained proton-electron mass ratio reproduces various results of the literature, and compares well with the experimental findings.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1312.0050 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-05-14 18:54:17*

**Authors:** James A. Tassano

**Comments:** 10 Pages. An isolated section of Part 2 of the Origins of Matter and Gravity paper.

Part two of the Origins of Matter and Gravity paper.
We show a group of equations that appear to represent target values for the mass, radius, and number of elementary particles in the universe: the values of an 'ideal particle'. Quanta and particles are not static; they change with time. The angular momentum of the universe is continually increasing, and this requires a dynamical response to conserve angular momentum. The creation, collapse, and coalescence of quanta conserves angular momentum, resulting in the creation of particles of matter. Matter is condensed space. The increase in the gravitational potential energy of particles matches the accretion rate of energy predicted by this model. This gives a simple, universe-wide mechanism for the creation of matter, and is the reason all elementary particles, of a kind, are identical. The centripetal force of a particle of matter matches the gravitational force; they are the same entity. Gravity is the ongoing accretion of the quanta of space by particles of matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1312.0038 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-12-06 07:22:25*

**Authors:** David Brown

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In 2007, John P. Lestone of Los Alamos National Laboratory, U.S.A., suggested a possible approach to calculating the value of the fine structure constant based upon a heuristic string theory. The electron, the muon, and the tau might each consist of a 2-sphere having precisely three vibrating superstrings.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1312.0021 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-12-04 01:07:40*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** 27 Pages. Main difference is in the addition of appendix VIII, from Wesson, and also expansion and generalization of the conclusion

Repeating cyclical multiverse construction as opposed to repeating cyclical single universe construction with considerations as to the problem of do perfect initial singularities exist, as differentiated between the two cases stated above.
The conclusion also raises questions as to the appropriateness of the braneworld picture in the multiverse setting, with appendix VIII as a counter part geometry which may be relevant to multiverse cosmology

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory