[25] **viXra:1904.0599 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-30 06:39:10*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 42 Pages.

The new interpretation of Herbig Haro dual black hole systems by Quantum FFF Theory, is a firm reason to put the Herbig Haro systems at the forefront of the origin of Universal structure, together with the new rigid transformable string model based on quantum FORM..
Quantum FFF Theory ( FFF= Function Follows Form) is based on a new string particle model called “rigid transformable string”, which is able to generate topologies of all possible sub quantum particles, needed to fill a supersymmetric standard model and beyond.
The mother particle is called “Axion Higgs” and has the form of a ring, able to rotate internally by three hinges into electron and positron propeller shapes, into 1x Graviton, 5x monopole Photons or Gluons and 6x Neutrinos.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[24] **viXra:1904.0569 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-29 17:34:05*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 1 Page.

How many levels are there to the universe? “In Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”(1) The universe starts with a zero dimensional particle, builds up to 1, 2, and 3 dimensions and then levels of spheres. As it is stated, the Gravitational Constant is predicted, and predicted to be 6.6743792*10^-11 m^3/(kg*s^2). In each layer the quantity of spheres is divided by the mass ratio of the proton to the neutron. It is proposed, that when the mass ratio of the proton to the neutron is multiplied enough times, the value is less than one half or less than 0.5. At this the square of the angular momentum of one particle becomes 2. That is where we go from a zero dimensional particle to a one dimensional two sphere. It grows again to two dimensions, three dimensions, and then levels to the universe. To a multiverse and mega-multiverse becomes a zero-dimensional particle and the process starts all over again. The whole process goes on again and again to infinity. And yet, size matters not. Calculations to follow in another paper.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[23] **viXra:1904.0547 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-07-03 09:09:15*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 37 Pages.

Based on a very simple model where mass, at the deepest level, is colliding indivisible particles and energy is indivisible particles not colliding, we get a new and simple model of matter that seems to be consistent with experiments. Gravity appears to be directly linked to collision time and also the space the collisions take up; we could call it collision space-time. This leads to a completely new quantum gravity theory that is able to explain and predict all major gravity phenomena without any knowledge of Newton’s gravitational constant or the mass size in the traditional sense. In addition, the Planck constant is not needed.
Our model, combined with experimental data, strongly indicates that matter is granular and consists of indivisible particles that are colliding. Further, from experiments it is clear that the diameter of the indivisible indivisible particle is the Planck length. Our theory even predicts that there can be no time dilation in quasars, something that is consistent with observations and yet is inconsistent with existing gravity theories.
Several modern quantum gravity models indicate that Lorentz symmetry is broken at the Planck scale, but there have been no signs of this occurring, despite extensive efforts to look for Lorentz symmetry break downs. We show that Lorentz symmetry break downs indeed happen and, to our own surprise, this is actually very easy to detect. In our model, it is clear that Lorentz symmetry break down is gravity itself. This seems contradictory, as Planck energies are very high energy levels, but we show that this must be seen in a new perspective.
We also introduce a new quantum wave equation that tells us that gravity is both Lorentz symmetry break down and Heisenberg uncertainty break down at the Planck scale. Our wave equation in this sense includes gravity. For masses smaller than a Planck mass, probability will also dominate gravity; it is then a probability for Heisenberg uncertainty break down. At the Planck mass size and up, determinism dominates.
For the first time, we have a quantum theory that unifies gravity with the quantum, all derived from a very simple model about the quantum. Our theory is simple, and we show that an indivisible particle is the fundamental unit of all mass and energy – a quantity that has been missing in physics all this time. Newton was one of the last great physicists who thought that such particle was essential, but it was naturally impossible for one man to solve the entire problem. This paper stands on the shoulders of giants like Newton, Einstein, Planck, and Compton to explore these long-standing questions.
The beauty of our theory is that it keeps almost all existing and well-tested equations completely intact (unchanged) all the way to the Planck scale. Anything else would be a surprise; after all, some areas of physics have been extremely successful in predictions and have also been well-tested. Still, in our work, the Planck scale and all equations are united into one simple and powerful theory. Unlike standard physics, there are no inconsistencies in our theory. QM is unified with gravity, and even a simplified version of the Minkowski space- time is consistent with QM and gravity. A long series of mysteries in QM vanish, under our new interpretation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[22] **viXra:1904.0540 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-27 08:21:05*

**Authors:** Zane Andrea Quintili

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In this document we wish to show how the formula for the gravitational field expressed by the theory of general Relativity, can be valid also for measuring the atomic gravitational field through the substitution of the universal gravitational constant of Newton (G) with the quantum atomic constant of QHT (Gq) .

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[21] **viXra:1904.0530 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-27 17:13:25*

**Authors:** Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page. ty

the material+masses effected+actions
quantity(masses)+magnitude (constants)+time
quantity(masses)+ material+magnitude(constants)+masses effected(constants)+actions
and time is pace

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[20] **viXra:1904.0485 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-04-30 03:47:16*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 22 Pages.

In taking up from the preliminary papers [1][2][3][4][5][6] regarding the golden ratio algorithm for time, specifically paper 5 [5] regarding entropy and enthalpy, and paper 6 [6] regarding the golden ratio algorithm for the idea of the relativity of time, the key focus of this paper is the process of gravity emerging from electrodynamics and how that can be demonstrated per experiment. First, the nature of gravity as an emergent feature as per the golden ratio time-algorithm is discussed, highlighting mathematically its nature in space as a “singularity” that allows for the idea of kinetic energy, a feature known to co-exist with the idea of gravity. Two key experiments for gravity emerging from electrodynamics are then proposed, tested, the results of which then discussed, shedding new and important light on current “RF Resonant Cavity Thruster (EM-drive)” research.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[19] **viXra:1904.0441 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-06-30 10:48:50*

**Authors:** Anindya Kumar Biswas

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

A relation like Hubble equation is derived on a $(1+1)$-dimensional brane moving in the $AdS_{1+2}$-kerr space-time. The relation is used to obtain a Cardy-Verlinde formula on the brane.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[18] **viXra:1904.0427 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-23 03:24:31*

**Authors:** Dong-Yih Bau

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

It is well-known that Einstein was most satisfied with his scientific discovery of general relativity. For this famous discovery, when he visited the Grand Canyon of the United States in 1931, the Hopi Indians praised him with the name of the “Great Relative.” However, do we really understand all of Einstein’s scientific thoughts? Herein, we introduce Einstein from the unfamiliar perspectives of principle theory, the success/failure system, and the cosmos, and we summarise our related series of work. The aim of this paper is to direct the general public and the scientific community to personally experience the scientific discovery of the mesocosmos as a solution to the problem of the cosmos, and to recognise this proposed new twenty-first century science. In an academic market where scientists and humanity sell and buy a great volume of bewildering scientific data, language, and mathematics without feeling amazement and awe at new fundamental and significant scientific discoveries, we suggest personally experiencing Einstein’s scientific thoughts, spreading this experiential gospel, and researching the cosmos in the era of the experience economy.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[17] **viXra:1904.0413 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-11-19 11:46:46*

**Authors:** Tomasz Kobierzycki

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Understanding gravity at Planck scale is biggest goal of quantum gravity theory. In this paper i will present idea of quantum spacetime that can be thought as gravity in quantum scale, this spacetime is fixed it means this idea is not background independent it lives on specific modified spherical spacetime. That spherical spactime does not break at inside of black hole and works in low energy very close to general relativity- it changes mostly after passing event horizon. Key idea is to use Planck energy units of energy and momentum as measure of curvature of spacetime. Model predicts that if energy goes to Planck energy time stops-all light cones are frozen and it happens from point of view of observer falling into black hole. From field equation there is calculated wave function vector that represents state of quantum system and thus leads to it's gravity effects.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[16] **viXra:1904.0412 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-21 12:56:28*

**Authors:** Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page. ty

gravitation is because of electromagnetic waves in space the more the space expands the more the molecules start to get separated and the more electromagnetic waves are produced and whenever a molecule in some mass is separated electromagnetic waves push the masses toward each other
the reason for electrostatics is because the protons and electrons are aligned so that no proton come near a proton and no electron near an electron so that maximum amount of space is passed through at any moment

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[15] **viXra:1904.0411 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-21 15:12:46*

**Authors:** Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page. ty

the universe has been hot for a long time after the big bang ans the heat produced afflicted masses in the universe with heat when the heat is cooled down from a mass the mass ends having extra space inside and as the heat produced as electromagnetic waves push two masses inwards due to them searching for extra space gravity happens

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] **viXra:1904.0382 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-19 18:08:39*

**Authors:** Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page. ty

in a previous paper called uniform field theory we have shown what happened to masses in space now its time to show how the masses interact with each other without the notion of spacetime now its all about electromagnetic waves electromagnetic waves produced by all masses push existing electromagnetic waves in space and so the mass moves in space because electromagnetic waves has a charge

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] **viXra:1904.0279 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-16 03:31:57*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 25 Pages.

Gravitational echoes may be caused by the collision of two black holes, and may indicate that these objects have completely new physical properties. [21[
An international research team including astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has combined radio telescopes from five continents to prove the existence of a narrow stream of material, a so-called jet, emerging from the only gravitational wave event involving two neutron stars ever observed. [20]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] **viXra:1904.0264 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-14 13:47:40*

**Authors:** Andrey N. Smirnov

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Was analyzed possible kind of equation of unified field in theory of emergent space-time matter

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] **viXra:1904.0209 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-12 05:31:05*

**Authors:** Zane Andrea Quintili

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In this paper we want to present how an atomic quantum gravitational force hypothesis can be equivalent to the Coulomb force for the hydrogen atom, with quantum gravitational QHT.
FG = FC

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] **viXra:1904.0205 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-10 07:16:11*

**Authors:** Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page. ty

any loss in energy in any way is a loss in thr form of heat or electromagnetic waves however there are some cases where energy is not lost but transferred from one thing to the other in a uniform system that is not heat loss but in any case any energy lost is lost in the form of heat even if the lost energy was in any form it woulf be in heat and electromagnetic waves

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1904.0196 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-10 15:15:00*

**Authors:** Zane Andrea Quintili

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

we present a hypothesis to estimate the orbital radius of the electron in the hydrogen atom using new QHT equations.
QHT is a hypothesis of atomic quantum gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1904.0194 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-10 17:20:40*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In Sphere Theory, the universe is a sphere made of spheres. In “Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”[7]. It was shown how to construct the first zero, one, two, and three-dimensional objects. These are, perhaps, regions of high stability in the construction of the universe. It is proposed that these structures will have fractals in different levels of dimensions. It was found that the zero-dimensional object was made of one sphere, the one-dimensional object was composed of two spheres, the two-dimensional object was composed of six spheres, and the three-dimensional object was composed of 42 particles.
For reference, it is shown in Appendix A, how these layers of dimensions, and the cuboctahedron structure can be correlated to the masses of particles over one GeV.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1904.0165 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-08 19:20:15*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In Sphere Theory, the universe is a sphere made of spheres. Most of these spheres are packed in a cuboctahedron structure, but there are inclusion and dislocation defects. As part of the theory the high mass particles come from combinations of the layers of the cuboctahedron structures. The mass of these layers is shown in this paper, but what is interesting, is that there is one layer, that should be the most stable layer, that is missing as a stand-alone layer. Since this layer is one of the major layers for the first 3 dimensional object in the creation of the universe, which is the number of spheres on the 2nd layer of a cuboctahedron, it is proposed here, that it will be the mass of one of the most major components of dark matter. Why is it dark matter? It would be dark matter, because it would be one of the fractals of a stability region in the universe. The actual prediction for this major component of dark matter would be about 12.78 GeV.
Due to the propagation of light, gravity, charge, magnetism etc., and their quantized values, it has been hypothesized that, the universe should be filled with some type of almost homogeneous structure. It was shown in “Discrete Calculations of Charge and Gravity with Planck Spinning Spheres and Kaluza Spinning Spheres”( 1) that charge and gravity could be modeled by a sphere with a Compton wavelength radius of the neutron. If the neutron Compton wavelength is important to the propagation of charge and gravity then it is proposed that it also must be connected to some structure of the volume in which these forces are transmitted. “Underlying Cuboctahedron Packing of Planck Spinning Spheres Structure of the Hubble Universe” establishes a strong correlation, on multiple levels, between the larger mass quarks and bosons, and a cuboctahedron –Vector Equilibrium structure using the mass of the neutron and the combining of the layers of a cuboctahedron packing of spheres.
The layers of a cuboctahedron follow a consistent progression for the quantity of spheres that can be packed in a layer. The masses of the w boson, z boson, bottom quark, top quark and the Higgs can be directly correlated to the first few layers of a cuboctahedron structure, and in a mirror manner described in this paper.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1904.0127 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-09-29 19:45:11*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages. corrected equation error

In Spinning Sphere Theory, the universe is spinning and the universe is a sphere made of spheres. When packing spheres in a spherical shape many imperfections or discontinuities are formed. These are postulated to be the basis for matter. These discontinuities end up being close to the surface area of the sphere which is calculated in “The Holographic Principle and How can the Particles and Universe be Modeled as a Hollow Sphere”[6] When one calculates the total mass and the Lorentz mass from a rotating the universe the total mass ends up being pi times the rest mass. This Lorentz mass is postulated to be equivalent to the dark energy that is postulated in an expanding universe, but in the Spinning Sphere Theory, the universe is static, in the sense that it is not expanding. The dark energy fraction equal to the Lorentz fraction=(pi-1)/pi*100 percent=68.169 percent. Dark Energy seems to be mysterious. The Universe, it is said is made mainly of Baryonic Matter, Dark Matter, and Dark Energy. There are also the neutrinos and radiation. There is the critical density calculated from General Relativity, The ‘critical density’ is the average density of matter required for the Universe to just halt its expansion, but only after an infinite time. A Universe with the critical density is said to be flat.(1). Assuming that the standard model of cosmology is correct, the best current measurements indicate that dark energy contributes 68.3 % of the total energy in the present-day observable universe. The mass–energy of dark matter and ordinary (baryonic) matter contribute 26.8% and 4.9%, respectively, and other components such as neutrinos and photons contribute a very small amount. (2, 3, 4, 5). This paper proposes and shows evidence for a spherical universe of finite size. Calculations

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1904.0077 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-05 02:34:58*

**Authors:** Simon Zhou

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

try to explain gravity in another way

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1904.0076 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-05 02:36:39*

**Authors:** Simon Zhou

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Calculation of gravitational acceleration form the basic of All energy hypothesis

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1904.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-04 01:51:45*

**Authors:** Miroslav Pardy

**Comments:** 6 Pages. original article

We consider the string, the left end of which is fixed and the
right end of the string is in periodic motion. We derive the
quantum internal motion of this system.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1904.0007 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-01 23:02:46*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

**Comments:** 10 Pages. an essay written for the 2019 Gravity Research Foundation competition.

The argument that modern string theory has become lost in math is compelling, controversial, and ever more timely. A perspective arguably of equal compulsion takes the view that the math is just fine, that string theory has become lost in physics. It's all about the wavefunction. Almost a century after Bohr and Copenhagen, ongoing proliferation of conflicting quantum interpretations of the unobservable wavefunction and its interactions attests to the profound confusion in philosophical foundations of basic quantum physics. Taking the octonion wavefunction to be comprised not of one-dimensional oscillators in eight-dimensional space, but rather the eight fundamental geometric objects of the Pauli algebra of 3D space - one scalar, three vectors, three bivector pseudovectors,
and one trivector pseudoscalar - yields a long overdue and much needed coherent phenomenology.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1904.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-04-01 01:34:32*

**Authors:** Risto Raitio

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

The experimental search of standard model superpartners, and the derivation of the standard model from higher dimensional theories have been challenging for some time now. In this article these technologies are kept but they are applied to a simpler environment. A coherent scenario of particles based on Kaluza-Klein theory and unbroken supersymmetry is proposed. It offers an economic basis for constructing the standard model particles without the superpartner problem of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. With local supersymmetry one arrives at supergravity without Yang-Mills fields. A number of results in the literature would have to be reconsidered according to this model.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory