Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1406 Submissions

[10] viXra:1406.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-26 18:35:55

The Schwarzschild Radius and the Scale Principle

Authors: Rodolfo A. Frino
Comments: 4 Pages.

Earlier this year I wrote a paper entitled Scale Factors and the Scale Principle. In that paper I formulated a new law which describes nature at both quantum and cosmic scales. This article shows that the formula for the Schwarzschild radius (black hole radius) is a special case of the abovementioned formulation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1406.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-19 06:34:24

Quantum Gravity and Entanglement

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 10 Pages.

The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1406.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-19 07:06:35

Information in a Discrete Space-Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly P.
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this article analyzes the properties of information in discrete structure of space-time. In this model, each cell structure has its 1 bit of information that is stored, regardless of the state of the whole system. However, in addition to its own 1 bit each cell is stored foreign information about other cells. This way you can ensure data transmission throughout the discrete structure of space-time.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1406.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-19 04:00:18

The Gravitation As An Electric Effect

Authors: H.-J. Hochecker
Comments: 25 Pages.

The electric forces are immensely great in comparison with the gravitational forces. There have already been many attempts to explain the gravitation by the immense electric forces. Thanks to the quantization of the electrical energy I have succeeded in it here now. And this in conformity with general relativity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1406.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-17 18:40:14

There is an Aether

Authors: George Rhude
Comments: 2 Pages.

Why the Michelson-Morley experiment was a bust.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1406.0059 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-14 19:45:00

The Quantization of General Relativity: Photon Mediates Gravitation

Authors: Azzam Almosallami
Comments: 18 Pages.

In this paper I propose a quantization of general relativity of Einstein which leads to photon mediates gravitation. My quantization of GR depends on the modified special relativity MSRT which introduces a new interpretation to the Lorentz transformation equations depending on quantum theory (Copenhagen school) [25, 26, 27, 43]. My new interpretation to the Lorentz transformation leads to the Lorentz transformation is vacuum energy dependent instead of the relative velocity in Einstein’s interpretation to the Lorentz transformation equations in the SRT. Furthermore the Lorentz factor is equivalent to the refractive index in optics. In my interpretation to the Lorentz transformation I refuse the reciprocity principle which was adopted by Einstein in the SRT. Refusing the reciprocity principle in my theory leads to disappearing all the paradoxes in the SRT; the Twin paradox, Ehrenfest paradox, Ladder paradox and Bell's spaceship paradox. Furthermore, according to my interpretation I could reconcile and interpret the experimental results of quantum tunneling and entanglement (spooky action), —Casimir effect, Hartman effect— with the SRT in this paper. My new interpretation leads also to the wave-particle duality as in quantum theory, and thus agrees with Heisenberg uncertainty principle. The generalization of my transformation leads also the concept of acceleration or deceleration is vacuum fluctuations as in quantum field theory. In my proposed quantized force, the force is given as a function of frequency [1]. Where, in this paper I defined the relativistic momentum as a function of frequency equivalent to the relativistic kinetic energy held by a body and time, and then the quantized force is given as the first derivative of the momentum with respect to time. Subsequently I introduce Newton’s second law as it is relativistic quantized force, and then I introduce the relativistic quantized inertial force, and then by my equivalence principle which agreed completely with the experimental results of QFT, I introduce the relativistic quantized gravitational force, and the quantized gravitational time dilation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1406.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-07 08:17:28

Comments on Controversy Manual, 2014

Authors: Nigel B. Cook
Comments: 14 Pages.

Professor Brian Martin, a physicist and now professor of social sciences at Wollongong University, Australia, has published a Controversy Manual (Irene Publishing, 2014). It’s blurb states: “If you care about an issue, how can you be more effective in arguing for your viewpoint and campaigning in support of it? ... The Controversy Manual provides information for understanding controversies, arguing against opponents, getting your message out, and defending against attack. ... the emphasis is on fostering fair and open debate and opposing those who use power and manipulation to get their way.” On page 112, Martin explains how controversies are resolved: “a controversy is closed. What this means is that there is little or no debate. It doesn’t necessarily mean that everyone agrees, just that the weaker side is hardly trying any more, or perhaps is totally excluded from public arenas.”
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1406.0036 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-17 11:44:25

The Special Quantum Gravitational Theory of Black Holes (Wormholes and Cosmic Time Machines)

Authors: Rodolfo A. Frino
Comments: 20 Pages.

The present research is concerned with the problem of finding a quantum gravitational description applicable to all phenomena including black holes. Thus, this paper introduces the universal uncertainty principle which is an extension of Heisenberg uncertainty relations. While this universal principle includes the Planck length (as the minimum length with physical meaning) and the zero point momentum due to the quantum fluctuations of empty space, the effects of the latter are neglected. This approach predicts the two thermodynamics properties of black holes: temperature and entropy. The general equation for the temperature of the black hole shows a surprising result: the temperature depends not only on the mass of the black hole but also on its radius. Therefore this formulation desagrees with Hawking's theory which claims that the temperature of the black hole does not depend on its radius. However, the impact of the radius of the black hole on its temperature is relatively significant for radii smaller or equal than 3 times the Planck length only. Finally, the black hole's entropy law emerges naturally from this formulation without needing the inclusion of additional postulates. The entropy law derived in this paper fully agrees with the Berkenstein-Hawking's entropy formula and except for the Schwarzschild radius formula, this formulation does not use any other equations derived from general relativity. The preliminary results of the general quantum gravitational theory of black holes is given in section 5.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1406.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-06 14:07:33

An Introduction to Theory of Everything

Authors: Sebastian Aloys
Comments: 14 Pages. This theory will be able to create the theory of everything

In this paper I am trying to say that, the laws of universe are same in everywhere and every action. We can explain everything in the same mode. According to me there is no any specialty in black body radiation or photoelectric effect. We can explain them naturally like every action occurring in our surroundings. Nature is giving us the answers if we observe it clearly. We can observe everything as simple even big bang, inflation or any action happening in our surroundings as the same. Everything in the nature is working under the same laws. I am trying to say we can observe inflation in every action where a force is applying. Here I am trying to understand about the force and energy. If we can understand very well, what is happening, when a force is applying to an object? It will give us the answer for everything. For me kinetic energy or potential energy of the object will not change the equilibrium of the system, so it is not mingling with the stored energy in it. I am not adding any new ideas here; I am just explaining what we know. A single photon doesn't have a rest mass but it can show gravity and it can add a mass to a system. I am trying to state that, gravity is closely related to the frequency of a particle than its mass. For me to explain the quantum gravity we have to bring the planks relation into macroscopic level. If bring it into the macroscopic level we can find the relationship between mass and frequency in macroscopic level.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1406.0014 [pdf] replaced on 2016-01-01 15:56:53

The Evolution of Massive Galaxies

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 9 Pages.

Within the lacking part of ultimate theory, i.e. the Scale-Symmetric Theory, we described the evolution of massive galaxies. Within the new cosmology, applying very simple mathematics, we can answer following questions. Why many of the oldest most massive galaxies reside in clusters? Is the gravitational redshift important for the E/S0 galaxies? What is contribution of the kinematical Doppler effect of Special Relativity to the total cosmological redshift? Is the acceleration of expansion of the Universe an illusion? Why the massive red evolved galaxies are already in place at high redshift? Why the red-sequence has a boundary at z = 0.44? When and how were produced the first-generation stars the E/S0 galaxies consist of? What was the origin of a rapid build-up of the red sequence and why it is quiescent i.e. why there do not appear numerous new stars i.e. what are the phenomena responsible for the powerful shut-down mechanism of new-star formation i.e. why E/S0 galaxies evolve in a purely passive way? Why evolution of the most massive E/S0 galaxies was quicker for lower redshift i.e. why number of massive red galaxies is greater for redshift smaller than 0.7? Why there is a significant population of massive blue galaxies at high redshift?
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory