Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1902 Submissions

[22] viXra:1902.0471 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-27 15:13:07

Quantum Localization and the Sterile Neutrino

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 5 Pages. Submission for Gravity Essay Competition

What if gravity is all about neutrinos? We discuss quantum inertia as a foundation for three time gravity. Mounting evidence for non standard sterile neutrino states begs for an insight into the origin of neutrino mass. Our solution lies at the heart of quantum cosmology. We describe the inverse neutrino see-saw rule for the Higgs mass, in which electroweak symmetry breaking pairs the neutrino mass scale and the Planck scale, in a framework motivated by the neutrino CMB correspondence at 0.00117 eV and the breaking of the equivalence principle by quantum inertia. A sterile mass of 1.29 eV is in good agreement with experiment.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[21] viXra:1902.0467 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-17 05:56:48

The Equilibrium Density of the Universe in a Rotating Universe

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

The Big Bang theory basically states that the universe is expanding and that there is point that there could be a critical density at which the universe could go on expanding forever or crunch. The theory of a rotating universe can also have a red shift, but the equations are different and the critical density is different for rotating universe. In fact, the particular rotating universe that this theory deals with is that our universe may be in equilibrium with neither contraction or expansion. In this paper we calculate what this equilibrium density is 4.819561 * 10^-23 Kg/m^3. This is a much higher density then the current estimates of 1-3*10^-26 Kg/m^3 and would greatly affect the rotation curves of galaxies. Perhaps explaining part of the rotation curves.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[20] viXra:1902.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-27 02:34:16

Hawking Radiation Doesn’t Exist. Black Holes do not Have Temperature

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 303 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Hawking radiation doesn’t exist” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter does not have temperature” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons from Black holes transform Matter and ‘heat’ in Dark Matter.” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG) Black holes are not cold or hot, Black holes are Dark Matter and do not have Temperature” Adrian Ferent “Virtual particles do not exist in Ferent Quantum Gravity, virtual particles exist in Quantum Field theory.” Adrian Ferent “Event horizons do not exist in Ferent Quantum Gravity, event horizons exist in Einstein General Theory of Relativity. At Event horizons there are only Gravitons without Hawking radiation.” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists that Black holes are very cold. They are cold because they absorb everything including all heat. Bigger Black holes, they absorb more stars, planets…they become colder; because your professors, the greatest scientists did not understand Gravitation, Black holes and Dark Matter. “In Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG) Black holes are not cold or hot, Black holes are Dark Matter and do not have Temperature” Adrian Ferent Hawking radiation doesn’t exist! Hawking radiation is blackbody radiation that is predicted to be released by Black holes, due to quantum effects near the event horizon. Temperature of a black hole is inversely proportional to its mass, such that: Hawking radiation temperature: T = k / M The power of the Hawking radiation from a solar mass black hole turns out to be minuscule: 9 x 10^(-29) W. For a black hole of one solar mass, we get an evaporation time of 2×10^67 years, much longer than the age of the Universe. Hawking and all the scientists did not understand Gravitation and Black holes. “Black holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter does not have temperature” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons from Black holes transform Matter, ‘heat’ in Dark Matter.” Adrian Ferent Dark Matter has another structure, based on Ferent length lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m much smaller than Planck length lP = 1.616199×10^(-35) m. Dark Matter does not emit, reflects, absorbs light. “Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Light will not cross Dark Matter because the Gravitons from Dark Matter will transform light in Dark Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Light will not cross Dark Matter because Dark Matter density is higher than Planck density.” Adrian Ferent Hawking Radiation: black holes will generate virtual particles right at the edge of their event horizons. The most common kind of particles is photons. A pair of these virtual particles appear right at the event horizon, one half of the pair as negative energy drops into the black hole, while the other as photon is free to escape into the Universe. “Virtual particles do not exist in Ferent Quantum Gravity, virtual particles exist in Quantum Field theory.” Adrian Ferent “Event horizons do not exist in Ferent Quantum Gravity, event horizons exist in Einstein General Theory of Relativity. At Event horizons there are only Gravitons without Hawking radiation.” Adrian Ferent Ferent wave equation of the graviton: Ψ – the wave function of the graviton String theory and Loop Quantum Gravity are wrong theories because both of them predict Hawking radiation. All Gravitation theories based on Einstein gravitation theory are wrong, from example String theory, Loop Quantum Gravity. 174. I am the first who discovered that Hawking radiation doesn’t exist 175. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter does not have temperature 176. I am the first who discovered that Gravitons from Black holes transform Matter and ‘heat’ in Dark Matter 177. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG) Black holes are not cold or hot, Black holes are Dark Matter and do not have Temperature 178. I am the first who discovered that event horizons do not exist in Ferent Quantum Gravity, event horizons exist in Einstein General Theory of Relativity. At event horizons there are only Gravitons without Hawking radiation
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[19] viXra:1902.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-25 07:40:07

Toward New Thought for the Unified Theory of Electromagnetic Field and Gravitational Field (Ⅲ) (Quantum Electrodynamics in KR Space, Lagrangian of Unified Theory of Field and Experimental Verification of Theory)

Authors: Ho Dong Jo, Chol Song Kim
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper, we analyzed the difficulties of Maxwell’s electromagnetic theory and Einstein’s gravitational theory in detail, built a unified theory of field including consistent nonlinear electromagnetic theory and gravitational theory on the basis of new starting postulates, and extended these results into quantum electrodynamics. In this process, we accepted a new geometrical space in which metric tensor and all main physical functions becomes implicit function, called “KR space” conforming to our starting postulates, and normalization of implicit functions in order to connect all physical functions defined in this space with real world. Here, we naturally unraveled problem of radiation reaction, a historical difficult problem of Maxwell-Lorentz theory, established new quantum electrodynamics without renormalization procedure and also predicted some new theoretical consequences which could not find in traditional theories.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[18] viXra:1902.0423 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-01 09:55:56

Gravitons and Spacetime Get Ruled Out with Simple Logic

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 3 Pages.

If "gravity" is actually "gravitons" - that means the gravitons from the center of the earth must be making it all they way to the surface unfettered.
"Gravitons" must be able to pass right through matter.
But that also means the gravitons would pass right through you and anything else on the surface. You would float away - so, that cannot be correct.

If gravitons from the center of the earth did NOT reach the surface - they would NOT have an effect on surface matter of the earth nor anything further out in space - like the moon, period.

Gravitons ~ ~ must be able to pass right through matter ● to reach the surface of matter.

~ ~ ● ~ ~ ( ~ ● ~ ) ~ ~ ● ~ ~

But, that means gravitons have NO effect on mass. They pass right through matter.
"Gravitons" CANNOT be responsible for gravity.

● if gravitons pass through matter: they cannot affect matter. Pooof, no gravity.
● if gravitons DO NOT pass through matter: they cannot have the long distance reach of gravity. Pooof, no gravity.

NOTE: "Curved Spacetime" also gets ruled out in the same exact way, plus a bunch of other ways.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[17] viXra:1902.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 21:44:41

Toward New Thought for the Unified Theory of Electromagnetic Field and Gravitational Field (Ⅱ) (Theory of Classical Field in KR Space)

Authors: Ho Dong Jo, Chol Song Kim
Comments: 22 Pages.

In this paper, we analyzed the difficulties of Maxwell’s electromagnetic theory and Einstein’s gravitational theory in detail, built a unified theory of field including consistent nonlinear electromagnetic theory and gravitational theory on the basis of new starting postulates, and extended these results into quantum electrodynamics. In this process, we accepted a new geometrical space in which metric tensor and all main physical functions becomes implicit function, called “KR space” conforming to our starting postulates, and normalization of implicit functions in order to connect all physical functions defined in this space with real world. Here, we naturally unraveled problem of radiation reaction, a historical difficult problem of Maxwell-Lorentz theory, established new quantum electrodynamics without renormalization procedure and also predicted some new theoretical consequences which could not find in traditional theories.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[16] viXra:1902.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-23 09:44:45

Toward New Thought for the Unified Theory of Electromagnetic Field and Gravitational Field ( Ⅰ ) (Starting Postulates and Lagrangian for Unified Theory of Field)

Authors: Ho Dong Jo, Chol Song Kim
Comments: 25 Pages.

In this paper, we analyzed the difficulties of Maxwell’s electromagnetic theory and Einstein’s gravitational theory in detail, built a unified theory of field including consistent nonlinear electromagnetic theory and gravitational theory on the basis of new starting postulates, and extended these results into quantum electrodynamics. In this process, we accepted a new geometrical space in which metric tensor and all main physical functions becomes implicit function, called “KR space” conforming to our starting postulates, and normalization of implicit functions in order to connect all physical functions defined in this space with real world. Here, we naturally unraveled problem of radiation reaction, a historical difficult problem of Maxwell-Lorentz theory, established new quantum electrodynamics without renormalization procedure and also predicted some new theoretical consequences which could not find in traditional theories.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[15] viXra:1902.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-22 04:22:01

Gravitational Wave Hubble Constant

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Simulations by an international team of researchers have shown that new measurements of gravitational waves could finally resolve the discrepancy in Hubble’s constant reported using different measurement techniques. [20] The improvement will see the twin observatories — located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US – double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18]
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] viXra:1902.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-20 07:17:11

The Electric Universe by Electric Dark Matter Big Bang Black Holes of Quantum FFF Theory.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 29 Pages.

The Electric Universe theory (EU) for years is a well-known “out of the box” model and subject of criticism for professionals in the field. Examples of some criticized subjects of EU: 1, The introduction of an all-pervasive Ether, 2, the non-expansion of the universe, 3, General relativity (GR) is wrong, 4, dipole gravity, etcetera. However, Quantum FFF Theory has similar but more complex “out of the box” assumptions described as follows: 1, The Zero Point Energy (ZPE) based oscillating Axion-Higgs Ether created by the explosion of the Electric Dark Matter Big Bang Black Hole, 2, The pulsating cyclic super symmetric raspberry shaped multiverse, 3, Einstein Rosen bridges are the same as EPR entanglement between CP symmetric universal bubbles. 4, Gravity/Mass related variable lightspeed, (LASOF) Local Anti-Symmetric Oscillating Vacuum Frame 5, The Bell interpretation of Special Relativity, (real relativistic length contraction) 6, Multiple directional dual pressure gravity, (dipole gravity) 7, Black holes repel fermions and but eat bosons and the vacuum. 8, All particles and fields are based on real 3D rigid strings, transformable by mutual collision. Reason for a more detailed comparison and extension of the Electric Universes model.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] viXra:1902.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-21 04:46:17

Necessity of Unification of Physical Fields and Knotty Points in Classical Theory of Field

Authors: Ho Dong Jo, Chol Song Kim
Comments: 10 Pages.

We showed, through a simple example for creation and annihilation of particles well known in physics, why classical fields and further all physical fields must be unified. Also, we considered the difficulties of the present electromagnetic field theory and gravitational field theory in the view that the total energy of matter and all fields produced by it must be finite and be conserved. Unified field theory to be built in the future should be a true theory in which all those difficulties were removed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] viXra:1902.0321 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-11 08:38:45

Anahad Naad Energy Field Theory of Universe

Authors: Satnam Singh
Comments: 23 Pages. version 02

ABSTRACT The Universe is governed by the hidden energy field called Anhad Naad Energy Field (ANEF) which is responsible for its origin, existence and working. Universe is either continuously being created or continuously being destroyed by the Supreme Consciousness of the Eternal existence which is the most fundamental reality. There is only one force called Anhad Naad Force (AF force) which along with all the particles emerge from the infinite formless physical Eternal existence (physical vacuum or void) through the process of primordial vibration having cosmic frequency limit. Knowing the exact nature of the infinite formless physical Eternal Existence is beyond our ability. In this paper author has tried to reveal the hidden physics of the universe to explain the mysteries like origin of mass and charge of particles, nature of gravity, unification of the fundamental forces of nature, matter/ antimatter asymmetry, arrow of time, quantum entanglement and so called accelerated expansion of the universe etc. with the help of a New Theory of hidden variables called Anahad Naad Energy Field Theory of the Universe inspired from Gurbani.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:1902.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-15 12:38:38

Properties of Dark-Matter Particles

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

To ensure invariance of the basic physical constants, spacetime can not expand. The Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) shows that when in the Einstein spacetime the gravitational pressure surpassed the dynamic pressure, it produced a stable boundary and it considerably increased the local spacetime density which is a necessary condition for the production of dark matter (DM) particles with a mass of 727.43 MeV. The vast majority of such DM particles decayed into single DM loops.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1902.0268 [pdf] replaced on 2019-06-17 08:12:28

Neutrino Mass Replaces Planck Mass as Fundamental Particle

Authors: Ankur S. Bhatt, F.M. Becker
Comments: 7 Pages.

The following derivation shows that the neutrino mass effectively replaces the Planck mass as a fundamental particle associated to Newton's Gravity Law. The neutrino mass is deduced from the cosmic microwave background and matches a previous obtained experimental value. Using a ratio of forces between two Planck mass pairs in comparison to two neutrino pairs, a proportion to the dimension of the Planck length and a Rindler horizon is formed. The work done on the two pairs are equivalent using this proportion. Additionally, it has been concluded that the cosmic diameter, as a particle horizon, can be written in terms of fundamental constants using Wien's displacement law and the Cosmic Microwave Background temperature.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1902.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-16 05:08:58

Holography the Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 3 Pages.

We propose a more general formula for the Bousso limit in the form of a surface integral
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1902.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-11 12:49:39

The Correct Theory of Electroweak Interaction

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 7 Pages.

This is a review paper on electroweak (EW) interaction. Here we compared the orthodox EW theory with the EW theory described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). We showed the true origin of the three mechanisms by which neutrinos and scalar and vector bosons/condensates acquire their gravitational mass. We calculated the surplus of baryonic matter from the properties of the inflation field and densities of fields. We present the EW equation that leads to the atom-like structure of baryons and we raise many other key issues on the basis of earlier scientific papers.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1902.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-10 23:08:47

The Zero-Dimensional Point Particle

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 7 Pages.

How does one get to zero dimension? In “The Ultimate Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is an Entangled 42” we found that the universe could be spheres made out of spheres, made of spheres, down to a cuboctahedron with outer layer of 42 spheres. The equation follows the patter of x^2+x. This same pattern can be used to become a ring of 6 spheres to two spheres to one sphere. This may be a mathematical curiosity, or it may have some basis in reality. The origin of the number 42 is shown in the appendix.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1902.0175 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-04 06:07:41

Theory of Quantum Gravity

Authors: Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase
Comments: 9 Pages.

Basically this theory has been developed to propose an oscillating universe. According to my theory, the matter is the only origin of gravity. In this theory all fundamental physical entities such as space, time, matter, force, energy and others are used in their usual meanings as in classical mechanics. The space and time are not related to each other. The space and time are independent.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1902.0164 [pdf] replaced on 2019-05-14 09:50:10

Unified Principles of Nature : Solution to the Problem of Time : ToE

Authors: Manfred U.E.Pohl
Comments: 11 Pages.

Although the concept of time was discussed intensively by authors over centuries the „problem of time“ is prominent today again in quantum gravity. As quantum physicists believe a more detailed understanding of the entanglement of time could lead to a unification of quantum-mechanics with general relativity, the author explores the „problem of time“ in a deductive approach. Upon the solution of the problem of time, unified principles of nature are then postulated to integrate Newtonian laws, general relativity and quantum mechanics into one framework, offering a perspective to a new world model and a framework for the TOE.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1902.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-06 04:57:52

Planck Force, The Strong force and Dirac’s Large Number Hypothesis

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

The strong force, within the proton, has been measured by Jefferson Laboratories [1], to about 7000 newtons. This paper proposes that Planck Force, Planck Pressure are manifestations of the properties of the Neutron and the Planck Sphere which is the building block of our Hubble Universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1902.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-06 02:13:33

How Much Time Does It Take...?

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 1 Page.

How much time does it take for the great mathematicians in physics to understand that...
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1902.0034 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-15 03:09:04

The Tacit Assumption of Continuity of Spacetime in Quantum Gravity

Authors: René Friedrich
Comments: 9 Pages.

General relativity and quantum mechanics both have been confirmed by experiments. In order to unify them, a new theory of quantum gravity is searched, but without success. The current theories of quantum gravity are based on the tacit assumption of a continuous, differentiable Lorentzian spacetime manifold. Little attention has been paid to this assumption, but no theory is complete without the prior verification of the soundness of its underlying assumptions. Surprisingly, we will see in the following that, whatever is the approach we choose, nothing is corroborating the assumption of a continuous spacetime manifold. Based on the principles of general relativity we will find that the universe is not consisting of discrete points in spacetime (events), but of discrete worldlines of particles.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1902.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-01 09:06:32

Holographic Surface Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 2 Pages.

Bekenstein used such thought experiments to show that a black hole should have an entropy proportional to the area of its event horizon in Planck units. In fact, it has been proven that semiclassical gravity is insufficient to account for this entropy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory