[11] **viXra:1902.0270 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-15 12:38:38*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

To ensure invariance of the basic physical constants, spacetime can not expand. The Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) shows that when in the Einstein spacetime the gravitational pressure surpassed the dynamic pressure, it produced a stable boundary and it considerably increased the local spacetime density which is a necessary condition for the production of dark matter (DM) particles with a mass of 727.43 MeV. The vast majority of such DM particles decayed into single DM loops.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] **viXra:1902.0268 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-15 20:13:39*

**Authors:** Ankur S. Bhatt, F.M. Becker

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The following derivation shows that the neutrino mass effectively replaces the Planck mass as a fundamental particle associated to Newton's Gravity Law. The neutrino mass is deduced from the cosmic microwave background and matches a previous obtained experimental value. Using a ratio of forces between two Planck mass pairs in comparison to two neutrino pairs, a proportion to the dimension of the Planck length and a Rindler horizon is formed. The work done on the two pairs are equivalent using this proportion. Additionally, it has been concluded that the cosmic diameter, as a particle horizon, can be written in terms of fundamental constants using Wien's displacement law and the Cosmic Microwave Background temperature.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1902.0261 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-16 05:08:58*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

We propose a more general formula for the Bousso limit in the form of a surface integral

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1902.0192 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-11 12:49:39*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

This is a review paper on electroweak (EW) interaction. Here we compared the orthodox EW theory with the EW theory described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). We showed the true origin of the three mechanisms by which neutrinos and scalar and vector bosons/condensates acquire their gravitational mass. We calculated the surplus of baryonic matter from the properties of the inflation field and densities of fields. We present the EW equation that leads to the atom-like structure of baryons and we raise many other key issues on the basis of earlier scientific papers.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1902.0191 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-11 13:21:03*

**Authors:** Risto Raitio

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Consenting to negative results in standard model superpartner search at the LHC and elsewhere an alternative point of view has been proposed, a preon model with unbroken supersymmetry. It offers a natural basis for constructing the standard model and going beyond it. Significance of the supersymmetric particle model to superstring theory is discussed briefly on the basis of Weinberg rationale.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1902.0186 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-10 23:08:47*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

How does one get to zero dimension? In “The Ultimate Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is an Entangled 42” we found that the universe could be spheres made out of spheres, made of spheres, down to a cuboctahedron with outer layer of 42 spheres. The equation follows the patter of x^2+x.
This same pattern can be used to become a ring of 6 spheres to two spheres to one sphere. This may be a mathematical curiosity, or it may have some basis in reality. The origin of the number 42 is shown in the appendix.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1902.0175 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-11 08:43:46*

**Authors:** Mundase Ravindra Sidramappa

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Basically this theory has been developed to propose an oscillating universe. According to my theory, the matter is the only origin of gravity. In this theory all fundamental physical entities such as space, time, matter, force, energy and others are used in their usual meanings as in classical mechanics. The space and time are not related to each other. The space and time are independent.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1902.0110 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-06 04:57:52*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The strong force, within the proton, has been measured by Jefferson Laboratories [1], to about 7000 newtons. This paper proposes that Planck Force, Planck Pressure are manifestations of the properties of the Neutron and the Planck Sphere which is the building block of our Hubble Universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1902.0094 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-06 02:13:33*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 1 Page.

How much time does it take for the great mathematicians in physics to understand that...

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1902.0034 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-15 03:09:04*

**Authors:** René Friedrich

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

General relativity and quantum mechanics both have been confirmed by experiments. In order to unify them, a new theory of quantum gravity is searched, but without success.
The current theories of quantum gravity are based on the tacit assumption of a continuous, differentiable Lorentzian spacetime manifold. Little attention has been paid to this assumption, but no theory is complete without the prior verification of the soundness of its underlying assumptions.
Surprisingly, we will see in the following that, whatever is the approach we choose, nothing is corroborating the assumption of a continuous spacetime manifold.
Based on the principles of general relativity we will find that the universe is not consisting of discrete points in spacetime (events), but of discrete worldlines of particles.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1902.0009 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-01 09:06:32*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Bekenstein used such thought experiments to show that a black hole should have an entropy
proportional to the area of its event horizon in Planck units. In fact, it has been proven that semiclassical gravity is insufficient to account for this entropy.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory