[11] **viXra:1911.0528 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-12-01 09:06:50*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages. replaced title

Our universe appears to be 13.8 billion years old, or at least have an age. But the author sees evidence that the universe is infinitely old, but continually has new matter created and old matter destroyed. How could such a mechanism exist? A universe that appears to continually expand could be part of this mechanism. This paper proposes that there is a mechanism that causes this appearance of expansion and it all takes place in a spinning sphere universe that is infinitely old, but it always rejuvenates. This continuous creation of matter has been proposed before [4]. The difference in this paper is that the universe never changes size, and matter is always continuously destroyed as well.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] **viXra:1911.0526 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-30 09:52:47*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Our universe appears to be expanding away from every point in the universe. The measurements of this phenomena is seen in the red-shifting of light. No mechanism for this expansion has been proven. This paper proposes that there is a mechanism that causes this expansion and it all takes place in a spinning sphere universe that is infinitely old, but it always rejuvenates.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1911.0433 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-25 10:58:06*

**Authors:** Noah MacKay

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

Gravitational wave detection raised the question regarding the existence of the graviton: the quanta of the gravitational interaction. In approaching a gravitational wave-particle duality, the Klein-Gordon Equation from Einstein’s linearized ﬁeld equations was used to derive a quantum wave function of the graviton. It is assumed that gravitons do not transition into higher dimensions while emitted as gravitational waves, do not aﬀect unbent spacetime, and have a non-zero mass of value m_g = 1.37E−58 kg [Abbott et al].

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1911.0356 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-21 03:48:49*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Of course, the most important premise for the existence of baryon core is the impossibility of compressing the nuclear plasma to a mathematical point, which is permissible due to asymptotic freedom. Here we show that baryon-core dynamics and Stefan-Boltzmann law assign characteristic masses inside the core to the masses of known particles. Core of baryons leads indirectly to properties of dark matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1911.0352 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-21 08:32:52*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

This is partially a review article. On the basis of the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we explain the difference between the N and S magnetic monopoles, between the opposite electric charges, and between the different weak charges of neutrinos. Such differences follow from behaviour of the components the tori/charges consist of.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1911.0264 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-15 01:19:00*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 46 Pages.

Atoms held in place by laser beams offer a new and more compact means of measuring the local acceleration due to gravity, paving the way for applications ranging from geophysical exploration to sensitive tests of fundamental forces. [34] In a study published online in Nature Methods, Prof. Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1911.0217 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-12 01:18:49*

**Authors:** Balungi Francis

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In this study we show that the gravitational force between any two electrons becomes strong when the distance between them is the Planck length and that this happens when the applied electric field used to accelerate one electron towards the other up to the Planck length where gravity becomes
strong has a value of approximately 5.5269 ×10^60��/��. We also deduce the limiting lengths and electric field at which the electromagnetic and Casimir force becomes strong. This study has implications for physics beyond the standard model.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1911.0214 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-11-14 13:20:33*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Presented here an extension of the dynamics of the core of baryons reduces the initial 3 iterative numbers in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) to 2. Now SST starts from 7 parameters and 2 iterative numbers which are derived after formulation of the theory. We calculated mass of the central condensate which is responsible for the nuclear weak interactions, the coupling constant for such interactions, the binding energy of the torus/electric-charge and central condensate, and masses of charged and neutral core. We showed also how important are the axial symmetries in weak interactions.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1911.0209 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-11-13 01:16:29*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

In 2017, scientists from Osaka University measured unexpected gamma-ray energy spectrum of the lithium reaction with the 246-MeV protons. Here, using the dynamics of the core of baryons described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we showed that the two absorption lines follow from such dynamics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1911.0185 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-10 20:56:18*

**Authors:** Jennifer Lorraine Nielsen

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Unification via the Hopf field and the Beltrami flux

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1911.0122 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-11-07 08:06:18*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Here we present how neutrinos acquire their masses and how internal structure of the neutrinos leads to the volumetric quantum confinement described within the Neutrino Quantum Gravity (NQG). Such confinement is responsible for mass of the condensates/scalars that are made of the Einstein-spacetime components (they are the neutrino-antineutrino pairs). Mean distance between such pairs in the two-component spacetime is slightly larger than the range of NQG.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory