[17] **viXra:1811.0478 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-16 22:46:40*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This paper is the start of showing that the Dirac large number hypothesis is missing a certain a missing dimensionless number and this dimensionless number converts to describing a neutron like particle that builds the universe. In earlier papers by Michael John Sarnowski it is called the Planck Sphere.
The Dirac large numbers hypothesis (LNH) is an observation made by Paul Dirac in 1937 relating ratios of size scales in the Universe to that of force scales. The ratios constitute very large, dimensionless numbers: some 40 orders of magnitude in the present cosmological epoch. According to Dirac's hypothesis, the apparent similarity of these ratios might not be a mere coincidence but instead could imply a cosmology with these unusual features:[1]
In this paper we show the start of the Large Numbers Hypothesis, but we find that the numbers that have been used aren’t quite correct, and if the correct number is used we can find what the Planck units are really referring to.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[16] **viXra:1811.0477 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-28 18:08:04*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Abstract.First of all, we will reiterate a mechanism for relic early universe gravitons. This is the precursor of the main result of this paper and involves the decay of micro black holes, with relic graviton production. . For the 2nd part of graviton physics, we invoke re acceleration of the universe The case for a four-dimensional graviton mass (non-zero) influencing reacceleration of the universe in five dimensions is stated, with particular emphasis on whether five-dimensional geometries as given below give us new physical insights as to cosmological evolution . The final question is, can DM/DE be explained by a Kaluza Klein particle construction? I.e., the author presents a Kaluza Klein particle representation of a graviton mass with the first term to the right equal to a DM contribution and with the 2nd term to the right being effective DE. This is the 2nd era of DE production. Finally we in the third part invoke the methodology of a modification of 1/r potentials, and the re acceleration of the universe as a bridge between the first and second parts of this document, in terms of the physics of DE and gravitons.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[15] **viXra:1811.0418 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-26 22:04:04*

**Authors:** Miheeev Sergey Vladimirovich

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

It is shown that the share of zero-point oscillations ¾ in the energy of a homogeneous universe does not depend on the chosen shape factor. The temperature of zero-point oscillations is weak and indirectly depends on the shape factor, through the minimum wavelength. It is shown that the coefficient of the form must be taken equal to the classical value - 8π. At the same time, in a homogeneous universe with a gravitational radius of 4.4 × 1026 m, the temperature of zero-point oscillations is T = 2,76 K.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] **viXra:1811.0362 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-22 07:24:05*

**Authors:** Miheev Sergey Vladimirovich

**Comments:** 4 pages, book S.V. Miheev (2006) ISBN 5-9710-0074-8

It is shown that the zero-point energy determines 3⁄4 of the energy of a homogeneous universe.
The zero-point temperature was calculated, which is close to the background radiation
temperature. The problem of the cosmological constant is solved by wavelength quantization.
The minimum wavelength is determined, which divides any wavelength by an integer number of
parts.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] **viXra:1811.0354 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-22 22:02:38*

**Authors:** Dong-Yih Bau

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The ancient Greeks saw the universe as a well-ordered system called the cosmos. Current scientific research seeks the cosmos in terms of a final theory, which remains in progress. By applying Einstein’s principle theory, we developed the success/failure system hypothesis (success/failure system) and recently made it available in the literature. Herein, we consider the cosmos subsequent to the existence of this hypothesis. After a brief introduction, we focus on two themes: the success/failure system principle and a final theory of our universe. A key message is that the success/failure system principle is a new universal biological principle identified in the twenty-first century, and the success/failure system hypothesis may need to be incorporated into a final theory of the life-laden universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] **viXra:1811.0327 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-22 05:20:04*

**Authors:** Alfonso De Miguel

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Thinking of the atom as a dual topological system of two intersected manifolds vibrating with the same or opposite phases, the submanifolds created by their intersection will be the subatomic particles of the nucleus shared by the dual atom, acting as fermions when the phases of variation of the intersecting manifolds are opposite and acting as bosons when those phases synchronize becoming equal. The quarks of the system - considered as the pushing forces caused by the displacement of the two intersecting manifolds while vibrating - will remain identical in the bosonic and fermionic times. The point of the intersection of the system, that also will remain the same during the whole phases of variation but moving left to right in the fermionic phase and upward and downward in the bosonic one, will be the point of convergence of all the fermionic and bosonic weak and strong interactions, constituting the structural unification of the gauge couplings.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] **viXra:1811.0314 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-20 13:44:12*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 7 Pages. new and long abstract summarizes work

The conceptual basis of the Unified Field Theory as presented in these pages may be deduced from "Noether's Theorem": The charges of matter are symmetry debts of light.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] **viXra:1811.0245 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-04-22 10:56:57*

**Authors:** Steffen Kühn

**Comments:** 214 Pages.

The report summarizes the current state of research of quantino-theory, which is an approach to explain fundamental physical phenomena based on Weber electrodynamics. The core concept of quantino-theory is a force-carrier model, which fulfils the postulates of special relativity without the spacetime. The field theory that follows out of this model does not turn for slow charge-carrier velocities into Maxwell electrodynamics but Weber electrodynamics. Based on the quantino-mechanism, numerous physical effects can be reinterpreted and explained. For example, it is possible to show that gravity is a thermodynamic electromagnetic relativistic effect of fourth order. Furthermore, quantino-theory seems to be an interesting approach to explain the reason for the existence of quantum mechanical effects, inertia and anti-matter. The report furthermore discusses the perihelion precession of the planet Mercury, the mass-energy-relation, photons and electromagnetic waves.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1811.0232 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-14 07:27:56*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 13 pages

The spin angular momentum of the sun precisely equals the quantum h-bar multiplied by 2 raised to the power 250. Between them the next five nearest G or K-type stars take the exponents 247, 248, 249, 250 and 251, the binary star Alpha Centauri AB taking exponents (249 and 251) either side of 250 and Epsilon Eridani taking the exponent 250. The red dwarfs Proxima Centauri and Barnard’s Star both take the exponent 240. The spin angular momentum quantisation scheme also applies to the planets of the solar system. Again, exponents that are multiples of 5 are preferred. Jupiter and Saturn behave as a binary planet, with exponents centred on 240. Uranus and Neptune behave as a binary planet, with exponents centred on 233. Earth and Mars take the exponents 225 and 220, respectively. The geometric mean orbital angular momentum of the eight planets equals the spin angular momentum of the sun. With spin parameters of intermediate value, the supermassive black holes located in the Milky Way and M31 galaxies take the exponents 295 and 305, respectively.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1811.0223 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-14 13:55:10*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 252 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“In the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“The photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a light beam you will see the Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“There are not Black Holes at Planck wall”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^(17) m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a graviton you will see the Ferent length”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrically charged particles like electrons or other free carriers when it absorbs electromagnetic radiation.
The photoelectric effect was first observed in 1887 by Heinrich Hertz.
Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1921 for ‘his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect’.
Einstein riding alongside a light beam.
Einstein was still puzzled by his attempts to imagine riding alongside a light beam, all his life and did not find an answer for it.
Einstein later wrote, “I should observe such a beam of light as an electromagnetic field at rest.”
That is why Einstein and your professors were not able to explain the photoelectric effect.
“The photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
Planck length: lP = 1.6 × 10^(-35) m
Einstein and your professors did not understand:
“In the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
Einstein and your professors did not understand that photons interact with the electrons at Planck length, because they did not understand Special theory of relativity and Quantum mechanics.
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a light beam you will see the Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
That is why:
“There are not Black Holes at Planck wall”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
Length contraction:
Length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer which is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object and it is usually only noticeable at a substantial fraction of the speed of light.
What means l = 0 from Special theory of relativity in Ferent Quantum Gravity?
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 from Special theory of relativity, means l ≤ Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
This means:
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length”
Adrian Ferent
That is why Special theory of relativity is wrong.
Ferent length: lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a graviton you will see the Ferent length”
Adrian Ferent
That is why:
“Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
You learned from your professors, from your books, from journals, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter:
The majority of Dark Matter is non-baryonic in nature.
Candidates for non-baryonic Dark Matter are hypothetical particles such as axions, sterile neutrinos…
This means Dark Matter is limited to Planck length, but I explained there are not Black Holes at Planck wall because there are Photons.
Stolen (quotations against Plagiarism) from Ferent Quantum Gravity in 2016–2017 the idea of dense Dark Matter or Dark Matter being Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes. The idea of dense Dark Matter or Dark Matter being Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes following results of gravitational wave detection.
LIGO and gravitational wave detection is a fraud.
You learned at universities, from books, from journals…about Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes at Planck wall, but Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes at Planck wall do not exist.
Dense Dark Matter is Ferent Matter. Ferent Matter was created at Ferent wall, beyond the Planck wall.
That is why:
“Black Holes are Ferent Matter”
Adrian Ferent
But you see on TV, YouTube wrong things about Wormholes, how scientists like Michio Kaku, Kip Thorne… can travel trough a Black Hole!
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity is the right Gravitation theory and all quantum gravity theories like String theory, LQG… are wrong theories because Einstein’s Gravitation theory is wrong and limited to the speed of light.
142. I am the first who discovered that in the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length
143. I am the first who discovered that in photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length
144. I am the first who discovered that the photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length
145. I am the first who discovered that there are not Black Holes at Planck wall
146. I am the first who explained that what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong
147. I am the first who explained that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length
148. I am the first who explained that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length
149. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a Graviton you will see the Ferent length
150. I am the first who discovered that Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter
151. I am the first who discovered that Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes
152. I am the first who explained what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1811.0201 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-24 21:19:36*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

The emergence of space-time from a common Hilbert space.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1811.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-25 00:31:39*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Fine tuning relations using Eddington number 137 and the central mathematical constants e, pi, gamma connect with the Fermi coupling constant, the muon and tau masses, and the G value. The latter is compatible, within 10^-7 with the G value deduced from the Coherent Cosmology, and within 10^-9 to the electron magnetic moment. The formula simplify by introducing a super Euler - constant, and show a 9D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory, while c-free analysis confirms the Topological Axis and the tachyonic Bosonic String Theory, with emphasis on a 30 dimension Space, connected through triple Bott reduction with a massive Gluon in 6 dimension space. The 26 sporadic groups are tied to the three microphysics coupling constant and the gauge group dimension 496, whose square give the Higgs boson/Electron mass ratio. The Baby-Monster is directly tied to the observable Universe. The Monster Group, whose cardinal order is directly tied to Rydbergh energy appears in the c-free analysis giving the overall periodicity of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. This confirms the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis and Eddington's rehabilitation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1811.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-09 04:17:34*

**Authors:** AP Klimets

**Comments:** 30 Pages.

In the article, with the help of various models, the thesis about the fundamental nature of the field form of matter as the basis of elementary particles is considered. In the first chapter a model of special relativity is constructed, on the basis of which the priority of the massless form of matter is revealed. In the second chapter a field model of inert and heavy mass is constructed and the mechanism of inertness and gravity of weighty bodies is revealed. In the third chapter, the example of geons shows the fundamental nature of a massless form of matter on the Planck scale. The three-dimensionality of the observable space is substantiated. In the fourth chapter, we consider a variant of solving the problem of singularities in general relativity using the example of multidimensional spaces. The last chapter examines the author's approach to quantum gravity. The conclusions do not contradict the main thesis of the article on the fundamental nature of the massless form of matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1811.0105 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-06 06:32:41*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 240 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Matter does not have Gravitation”
Adrian Ferent
“Moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
“Dark Matter does not emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory”
Adrian Ferent
“Riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
“At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Special theory of relativity:
Special theory of relativity is "special" in that it only applies in the special case where the curvature of spacetime due to gravity is negligible. In order to include gravity, Einstein and Hilbert formulated general relativity in 1915.
If you move fast enough through space, the observations that you make about space and time differ to some extent from the observations of other people, who are moving at different speeds.
The speed of light is the same for all observers, regardless of their motion relative to the light source.
Length contraction:
Length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer which is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object and it is usually only noticeable at a substantial fraction of the speed of light.
Time dilatation
The rate of a single moving clock indicating its proper time t0 is lower with respect to two synchronized resting clock indicating time t.
This means the duration of the clock cycle of a moving clock increased, it is measured to be running slow.
This means ‘Riding on a beam of light’ time would stop, and distance would be zero.
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
In Ferent Quantum Gravity beyond the Planck wall is another wall, the Ferent wall.
At Ferent wall were created Ferent matter and gravitons.
“Ferent Matter is Dark Matter with the density greater than Planck density”
Adrian Ferent
“At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
Today we know that the space is not an infinitely divisible continuum, it is not smooth but granular, with the Planck length and Ferent length.
At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter and at Planck wall was created Matter.
What means l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity in Ferent Quantum Gravity?
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
This means:
“Riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation”
Adrian Ferent
The conclusion:
“Matter does not have Gravitation”
Adrian Ferent
You learned the wrong thing, that anything that has mass also has Gravity.
This means:
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
All quantum gravity theories like String theory, LQG… are wrong theories because Einstein’s Gravitation theory is wrong and are limited to speed of light.
“Dark Matter doesn’t emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons”
Adrian Ferent
This is another proof that:
“The elementary particles contain Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory”
Adrian Ferent
The apple did fall on Newton's head not because the apple has Mass and Gravitation, but because the Dark Matter inside the apple has Gravitation!
129. I am the first who discovered that Matter does not have Gravitation
130. I am the first who discovered that at Ferent wall was created Dark Matter
131. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length
132. I am the first who discovered that riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter
133. I am the first who discovered that moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes
134. I am the first who discovered because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter
135. I am the first who discovered because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation
136. I am the first who explained that what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong
137. I am the first who explained what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong
138. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter doesn’t emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons
139. I am the first who explained that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory
140. I am the first who explained that the apple did fall on Newton's head not because the apple has Mass and Gravitation, but because the Dark Matter inside the apple has Gravitation

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1811.0091 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-07 03:15:29*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 15 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

We review briefly how {\bf R} $\otimes$ {\bf C} $\otimes$ {\bf H} $\otimes$ {\bf O}-valued Gravity (real-complex-quaterno-octonionic Gravity) naturally can describe a
grand unified field theory of Einstein's gravity with a Yang-Mills theory containing the Standard Model group $SU(3) \times SU(2) \times U(1)$. In particular, the $ C \otimes H \otimes O$ algebra is explored deeper. It is found that it can furnish the gauge group {\bf [SU(4)]}$^4$ revealing the possibility of extending the Standard Model by introducing additional gauge bosons, heavy quarks and leptons, and a $fourth$ family of fermions with profound physical implications.
An analysis of $ C \otimes H \otimes O$-valued gravity reveals that it bears a connection to Nonsymmetric Kaluza-Klein theories and complex Hermitian Matrix Geometry. The key behind these connections is in finding the relation between $ C \otimes H \otimes O$-valued metrics in $two$ $complex$ dimensions with metrics in $higher$ dimensional $real$ manifolds ($ D = 32 $ real dimensions in particular). It is desirable to extend these results to hypercomplex, quaternionic manifolds and Exceptional Jordan Matrix Models.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1811.0068 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-06 04:52:52*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In Sphere Theory, the universe is a sphere made of spheres. Most of these spheres are packed in a cuboctahedron structure, but there are inclusion and dislocation defects. As part of the theory the high mass particles come from combinations of the layers of the cuboctahedron structures. Especially the first few layers of a cuboctahedron structure. The new 28 GeV particle conforms to this model. It is shown, in this model to come from the 3rd layer of the cuboctahedron with 92 spheres. Also included in this paper are the other high mass particles, all of which conform to a cuboctahedron structure layers for their mass.
Due to the propagation of light, gravity, charge, magnetism etc., and their quantized values, it has been hypothesized that, the universe should be filled with some type of almost homogeneous structure. It was shown in “Discrete Calculations of Charge and Gravity with Planck Spinning Spheres and Kaluza Spinning Spheres”( 1) that charge and gravity could be modeled by a sphere with a Compton wavelength radius of the neutron. If the neutron Compton wavelength is important to the propagation of charge and gravity then it is proposed that it also must be connected to some structure of the volume in which these forces are transmitted. “Underlying Cuboctahedron Packing of Planck Spinning Spheres Structure of the Hubble Universe” establishes a strong correlation, on multiple levels, between the larger mass quarks and bosons, and a cuboctahedron –Vector Equilibrium structure using the mass of the neutron and the combining of the layers of a cuboctahedron packing of spheres.
The layers of a cuboctahedron follow a consistent progression for the quantity of spheres that can be packed in a layer. The masses of the w boson, z boson, bottom quark, top quark and the Higgs can be directly correlated to the first few layers of a cuboctahedron structure, and in a mirror manner described in this paper.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1811.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-02 05:48:57*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory is a Rigid String Theory which states, that all attraction forces are subjected to a dual repulsion process between the dark energy of the oscillating Axion Higgs string vacuum lattice and less repulsion force of graviton strings or monopole photon strings ( electric- magnetic) radiated by fermionic matter.
Black hole nuclei are assumed to be rigid stringy quantum knots highly compressed by the external attack of the oscillating vacuum particles, which mostly are added to the outside of the growing nucleus depending on the pressure difference between the vacuum and the internal black hole quantum knot.
As a consequence most black holes are growing by consuming vacuum strings and also by merging with other black holes of different sizes.
Black hole with equal sizes do not merge, but are supposed to pair up to a certain distance after which they recede from each other to become a Herbig Haro system with star formation in the middle .
The giant central black holes often present inside galaxies are also supposed to merge with other black holes to grow in size.
As the ultimate consequence, however, the universe will contract into a Big Crunch, (BC) by the growing black holes which constantly consume the vacuum lattice around us.
However the vacuum pressure at the BC nucleus will decrease in time and become in balance with the growing internal rigid string pressure between the rigid strings inside the BC nucleus, which is the moment of the start of the big bang into chunks of smaller black hole nuclei evaporating also gradually into a surrounding oscillating vacuum lattice.
As a consequence we seem to live inside one of the super symmetric “material” bubble universe created by the explosion of a black hole.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory