[15] **viXra:1304.0175 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-04-30 11:19:16*

**Authors:** Nigel B. Cook

**Comments:** 1 Page.

An improved diagram for explaining quantum gravity (N.C.: 30 April 2013)
Ref.: http://vixra.org/abs/1302.0004, http://vixra.org/abs/1301.0188, and http://vixra.org/abs/1301.0187

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] **viXra:1304.0171 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-04-30 09:19:26*

**Authors:** Richard L. Amoroso

**Comments:** 44 Pages.

Conventionally Maxwell’s equations describe transverse elements
described as ‘EM’ waves; but by utilizing the Einstein/de Broglie
relations one can derive additional degrees of freedom so that
Maxwell’s equations are not ‘cut off’ at the vacuum. Therefore one
must employ the fields in addition to the standard EM
suggesting also that the photon is piloted. The two sets of
coordinates for the EM or fields are mutually exclusive and
generally considered to be independent of each other. In this work
a method is developed for integrating them in terms of a Dirac
covariant polarized vacuum and extended theoretical perspectives.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] **viXra:1304.0164 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-04-30 06:38:02*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 17 Pages. Submitted to Foundations of Physics

We extend the construction of Born's Reciprocal Relativity theory in ordinary phase spaces
to an extended phase space based on Quaternions. The invariance symmetry group
is the (pseudo) unitary quaternionic group $ U ( N_+, N_-, {\bf H} ) $ which is isomorphic to the
unitary symplectic group $ USp( 2N_+, 2 N_-, {\bf C} )$. It is explicitly shown that the
quaternionic group $ U ( N_+, N_-, {\bf H} ) $ leaves invariant both the quadratic norm (corresponding to the generalized Born-Green interval in the extended phase space) and the tri-symplectic $ 2 $-form. The study of Octonionic, Jordan and ternary algebraic structures associated with generalized spacetimes (and their phase spaces) described by Gunaydin and collaborators is reviewed. A brief discussion on $n$-plectic manifolds whose Lie $ n$-algebra involves multi-brackets and $n$-ary algebraic structures follows. We conclude with an analysis on the role of higher-order Finsler geometry in the construction of extended relativity theories with an upper and lower bound to the higher order accelerations (associated with the higher order tangent and cotangent spaces).

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] **viXra:1304.0142 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-04-25 11:57:09*

**Authors:** James G. Gilson

**Comments:** 31 Pages.

Much of the introductory section of this paper is devoted to displaying
some previously obtained formulae, incorporating a change of notation and
variables and giving some explanation of the relation of the work to Newtonian
gravitation theory. This section all refers to a quantisation of gravity
concentrated on and limited to galaxies with totally spherically symmetric
cores and halos. Only the radial variable r is involved and the emphasis
is on the dark matter concept. All the following sections are devoted to
generalising the theory to additionally incorporate a dependence of galactic
structure on the and spherical angular coordinates. The theory is
derived using Schr¨odinger quantum theory in much the same way as it was
used in developing the theory of atomic structure. The theoretical structure
to be developed in this papers is a hybrid formulation involving three
fundamental theoretical facets, general relativity, Schr¨odinger quantum mechanics
and a new theoretical version of isothermal gravity self equilibrium.
The combined structure has only become possible because of the discovery
of an infinite discrete set of equilibrium states associated with this later
theory, the l parameter states. The configuration space structure of these
states has been found to be available in Schr¨odinger theory from a special
inverse square law potential which appears to supply an inverse cube self attraction
to the origin that maintains galaxies in an isolated steady state self
gravity quantum condition.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] **viXra:1304.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-04-23 13:58:58*

**Authors:** Philip Gibbs

**Comments:** 10 Pages. Entry for 5th FQXi essay contest "It From Bit or Bit From It?"

John Wheeler advocated the principle that information is the foundation of physics and asked us to reformulate physics in terms of bits. The goal is to consider what we know already and work out a new mathematical theory in which space, time and matter are secondary. An application of the converse of Noether's second theorem to the holographic principle implies that physics must have an underlying hidden symmetry with degrees of symmetry that match physical degrees of freedom in order to account for the huge redundancy of information in the interior of a black-hole. I have been working on a theory that builds infinite dimensional symmetries using layers of quantisation from information as suggested by Wheeler's contemporary Carl von Weizsäcker. Necklace Lie algebras are the mathematical objects and iterated integration can be used to show how a continuum background can emerge from their structure. The logic suggests the conclusion that wheeler was right when he proclaimed "It from Bit"

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] **viXra:1304.0121 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-04-23 03:06:04*

**Authors:** Shreyak Chakraborty

**Comments:** 11 Pages. 1 figure. NAJP Journal ID- SC185

The FaTe Model of Hyperspace [1.] was a fairly successful model of string
theory which described the properties of multidimensional spacetime based
on concepts of string theory, quantum field theory etc. But the FaTe Model
had some serious technical errors and so, it had to be discarded. In this
paper, we shall use some of the concepts of the FaTe Model of Hyperspace
to build a better model of the 11 dimensional spacetime that will allow us to
explain particle interactions and other physical phenomena using a novel
approach to multi-dimensional dynamics.
The model also predicts a result similar to the unification of the relativity
and quantum theories into a single framework using string theoretical
backgrounds. This model is still incomplete and under improvement.
This paper will be followed by a number of papers on the spine model
which will focus on other parts of the model.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1304.0094 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-12-19 04:19:58*

**Authors:** Patrick Tonin

**Comments:** 29 Pages.

The 3D Universe Theory describes the Universe as a growing sphere of layered information with only three dimensions: two space dimensions and one dimension which is both space and time.
The information describing our "present" moment is contained in a 2D layer of that sphere and past/present/future co-exist as concurrent layers. Each layer is scaling up with time.
The Universe follows two simple ratios: 8π-1 and Phi (the Golden ratio)

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1304.0078 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-04-20 08:41:41*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

**Comments:** Pages.

This one page note summarizes the role of quantum impedances in the resolution of the black hole information paradox.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1304.0077 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-04-17 04:07:41*

**Authors:** Rodney Bartlett

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

The article "Infinite Universe" by Bob Berman (“Astronomy” – Nov. 2012) states,
"The evidence keeps flooding in. It now truly appears that the universe is infinite.” And “… any fraction of infinity is essentially zero. All we can ever hope to study (of the universe) is 0 percent." That would be true if defining infinity as "space that never ends" was the only definition of it. It's true that no-one can picture galaxies and stars going on and on without end. However, I believe there is another definition - infinity equals the total elimination of distance. Let me explain –
The preceding paragraph is my article’s opening. The ensuing explanation involves many topics, including – the inverse square, gravitation, space-time, binary digits, string theory, unification of forces/laws of nature/parallel universes into one universe, conversion of the universe’s mathematical foundation into energy’s bosons and matter’s fermions, cosmic wormholes, cosmic strings, mass/charge/spin, Big Bang(s), Higgs particle, quantum entanglement of spacecraft/galaxies/past/future, cesium atoms, speed of light, time dilation, mass increase/massless photons, E=mc^2, c=∞, reconciling general relativity and quantum mechanics without renormalization, inverting spacetime to create and access 5th-dimensional hyperspace.
If you find insufficient detail in these topics, remember that the purpose here is not to go into minute detail. It is to show how everything fits together to form a logical whole. When you understand the whole, you can be certain that attempts to go deeper into the details (with specialized language and equations) will be fruitful, and will not be a waste of time.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1304.0067 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-04-16 02:22:12*

**Authors:** A.W. Beckwith

**Comments:** 10 Pages. possible inclusion as a prespacetime publication

We examine the role of particle nucleation in the initial universe, and argue that there is a small effect due to particle nucleation in terms of lowering initial temperature, in tandem with energy density and scale factor contributiosn. If such scaling exists as a major order effect, then quenching of temperature proportional to a vacuum nucleation at or before the electroweak era is heavily influenced by a number, n, which is either a quantum number (quantum cosmology) or a ‘particle count at/before the electro weak era. We hope that this temperature quenching so mentioned can be tied into the deceleration parameter as given in the appendix. I.e.how could a slow down of expansion, lead to , much later rapid increase in cosmological expansion a billion years ago.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1304.0036 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-07-23 22:56:22*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

**Comments:** Pages. presented at the 2013 Rochester Conferences on Quantum Optics, Information, and Measurement. https://www.osapublishing.org/abstract.cfm?URI=QIM-2013-W6.01

Nonlocal reduction of entangled states is clarified by considering the role of background independent scale-invariant quantum impedances in decay/decoherence of unstable elementary particles, providing simple resolution of the black hole information paradox.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1304.0032 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-04-06 09:05:38*

**Authors:** Shreyak Chakraborty

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Brane Stabilizations in D>4 are done using specific Capture
Mechanisms (H) as shown in previous Fate papers. These yield
non-local results on the fiber bundles around the p-branes (or
any brane) and local on the brane.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1304.0027 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-07-07 05:21:04*

**Authors:** Jacek Safuta

**Comments:** 3 Pages. v1 clarification

“Could we not reject the concept of matter and build a pure field physics? We could regard matter as the regions in space where the field is extremely strong. A thrown stone is, from this point of view, a changing field in which the states of the greatest field intensity travel through space with the velocity of the stone.” [1] Albert Einstein
We propose a real experiment to falsify the geometrization of matter concept [2],[3].
A source emits a right-handed photon, the photon impinges almost perpendicularly a mirror being reflected to a detector set up to measure the spin of particle.
The simplicity of the result of experiment (only two possible outcomes: spin is the opposite or the same ), and the fact that the experiment produces result that is direct evidence of the laws of physics makes it a very attractive and easy task even for students. However the result seems to be so obvious that no one has ever tried to do that!

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1304.0019 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-11-07 03:14:05*

**Authors:** Christian Corda

**Comments:** 18 pages, definitive version accepted for publication in Annals of Physics. Comments are welcome. Dedicated to the memory of the latter IFM Secretary Franco Pettini

In 1976 S. Hawking claimed that “Because part of the information about the state of the system is lost down the hole, the final situation is represented by a density matrix rather than a pure quantum state” (Verbatim from ref. 2). This was the starting point of the popular “black hole (BH) information paradox”.
In a series of papers, together with collaborators, we naturally interpreted BH quasi-normal modes (QNMs) in terms of quantum levels
discussing a model of excited BH somewhat similar to the historical semi-classical Bohr model of the structure of a hydrogen atom. Here we ex-
plicitly write down, for the same model, a time dependent Schrödinger equation for the system composed by Hawking radiation and BH QNMs.
The physical state and the correspondent wave function are written in terms of an unitary evolution matrix instead of a density matrix. Thus, the final state results to be a pure quantum state instead of a mixed one.
Hence, Hawking’s claim is falsified because BHs result to be well defined quantum mechanical systems, having ordered, discrete quantum spectra,
which respect 't Hooft's assumption that Schröedinger equations can be used universally for all dynamics in the universe. As a consequence, information comes out in BH evaporation in terms of pure states in an unitary
time dependent evolution.
In Section 4 of this paper we show that the present approach permits also to solve the entanglement problem connected with the information
paradox.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1304.0006 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-04-01 17:06:09*

**Authors:** Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Einstein dealt a lethal blow to Weyl's unified theory by arguing that Weyl's theory was at the very least, it was beautiful and at best, un-physical, because its concept of variation of the length of a vector from one point of space to the other meant that certain absolute quantities, such as the ``fixed" spacing of atomic spectral lines and the Compton wavelength of an Electron for example, would change arbitrarily as they would have to depend on their prehistories. This venomous criticism of Einstein to Weyl's theory remains much alive today as it was on the first day Einstein pronounced it. We demonstrate herein that one can overcome Einstein's criticism by recasting Weyl's theory into a new Weyl-kind of theory were the length of vectors are preserved as is the case in Riemann geometry. In this new Weyl theory, the Weyl gauge transformation of the Riemann metric and the electromagnetic field are preserved

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory