[17] **viXra:1812.0479 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-31 00:47:52*

**Authors:** Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

A number of theories of gravity have been developed by many physicists to explain the different unsolved problems in physics. None of them is able to explain all the observed unsolved problems like perihelion precession of mercury, precession of orbits of stars near super dense bodies (black holes), galaxy rotation curve, accelerating bodies after super nova explosion and few others. A new theory of quantum gravity has been developed by me. This theory explains many of the unsolved problems in the field of gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[16] **viXra:1812.0433 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-26 12:34:45*

**Authors:** Savior F. Eason

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

This paper proposes not a 5th, but 9 fundamental forces, and why the 8th might establish M-theory as not just incomplete, but wrong, and presents a hypersymettric marrying of relativity and quantum mechanics, in a thought proposing a cheat to the infamous e=mc^2. A solution we've been on a quest for since the 20th century.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[15] **viXra:1812.0427 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-25 13:17:50*

**Authors:** Antoine Khai Nguyen

**Comments:** 32 Pages.

A new attempt to find a theory of everything based on theoretical quantum hook elements. The quantum hooks were deduced from actual quantum facts (link between double slit experiment and photon based image projection) and cosmic facts (link between flipped pole of Venus, Saturn's rings, Uranus' horizontal pole, tidal lock of celestial bodies, synchronized orbital planes of planets in the solar system,...)

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] **viXra:1812.0405 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-06 15:31:43*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Important polytope sequences, like the associahedra and permutohedra, contain one object in each dimension. The more particles labelling the leaves of a tree, the higher the dimension required to compute physical amplitudes, where we speak of an abstract categorical dimension. Yet for most purposes, we care only about low dimensional arrows, particularly associators and braiding arrows. In the emerging theory of motivic quantum gravity, the structure of three dimensions explains why we perceive three dimensions. The Leech lattice is a simple consequence of quantum mechanics. Higher dimensional data, like the e8 lattice, is encoded in three dimensions. Here we give a very elementary overview of key data from an axiomatic perspective, focusing on the permutoassociahedra of Kapranov.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] **viXra:1812.0380 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-22 00:23:45*

**Authors:** Satish Malhotra

**Comments:** 11 Pages. with the foundation of physics gone, we will need to rewrite all physics

: Einstein told us that gravity has some intrinsic (yet not understood) connection to the geometry of spacetime. To understand this real connection between geometry of space and gravity we restate the postulates (same postulates explain special theory of relativity as well as the general theory) nothing new needs to be added): a) space and time are the continuing absolute (equivalent to the absoluteness of velocity of light) quantum gravity flow it gives us the meaning to length, mass and time. Working through this postulate, we derive a law of force which tells us that force does not act on the body on which force is applied, but it acts to change the homogeneity and isotropy of space and bodies move in the curved space and time. This is what the Einstein’s unknown connection between the gravity and curvature in space is; the curvature is, however, local and not general for the entire space. This is the a new falsifiable version on quantum gravity (which has nothing to do with quantum mechanics) which revolutionizes entire physics).
There is a) an absolute space, a flow of quantum gravity, and b) it is this absolute space that matter curves only locally, which otherwise i.e. in the absence of matter is flat (inside of a large spreading sphere can only be flat)! What was rejected by Einstein (the absolute character of space and time) now returns (as an absolute flow of quantum gravity) to solve all the contentious problem physics faces today, including the velocity-curvature relation and the equivalence principle. In the bargain get a common law of force (including gravity) which is not the way Newton applied, or the way Einstein worked with, but which has something from both.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] **viXra:1812.0373 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-20 05:43:31*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is a sphere made of spheres, made of spheres, etc. (1) It was shown by Sphere Theory that Planck Pressure is a pressure of gravitational force between adjacent Hubble Sphere universes. (2) We can use a simple calculation to show why the Golden Ratio is prevalent in our universe. The Golden Ratio can be shown to be produced by the charge or gravity between two, uniform, and symmetrical spheres. The acceleration of gravity or the electromagnetic force of particles, increases as we get farther from the center of the sphere linearly, the gravity or electromagnetic force from adjacent elementary particles decreases by the square of the distance from the center of that sphere. The point at which these two accelerations, become equal, is found to be related to the Golden Ratio.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] **viXra:1812.0320 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-18 12:41:59*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

The relationship may even unlock the quantum nature of gravity. "It is among our best clues to understand gravity from a quantum perspective," said Witten. [11]
Scientists at the University of British Columbia have proposed a radical new theory to explain the exponentially increasing size of the universe. [10]
Researchers playing with a cloud of ultracold atoms uncovered behavior that bears a striking resemblance to the universe in microcosm. [9]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] **viXra:1812.0315 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-12-23 01:07:02*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** 45 page re do. Accepted after being reformatted as to JHEPGC instructions. Added one Eq. (53) as to Kaluza Klein, plus material as to polarization for future work and review. Deleted over 2/3rds of the referee questions at request of JHEPGC type setters

45 page thought experiment as to how Quantum gravity emerges from a quintic polynomial, and its relationship to galois theory. Focus is on wormhole throats, as a precursor to the thought experiment. Added material and cut referee questions and replies at request of JHEPGC editors, and the present form of paper is accepted by JHEPGC

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1812.0313 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-19 03:57:11*

**Authors:** Michael Tzoumpas

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

According to the unified theory of dynamic space the inductive-inertial phenomenon and its forces has been developed. These forces act on the electric units of the dynamic space, forming the grouping units (namely electric charges or forms of the electric field). So, by this inductive phenomenon and the phenomenon of motion the wave function will be calculated. This wave function, which essentially interprets the phenomena of motion waves, replaces the Schrödinger’s equation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1812.0311 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-17 05:51:21*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

Instead, a kilogram will be defined by choosing an exact value of Planck's constant, a quantity that relates weight to electrical current. [10]
A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in China and one in Russia has devised two new ways to measure the gravitational constant. [9]
The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. [8]
Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7]
Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6]
It’s estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1812.0243 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-13 08:06:20*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 22 Pages.

The gravitational waves created by black holes or neutron stars in the depths of space have been found to reach Earth. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1812.0210 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-11 08:23:49*

**Authors:** Michael A. Ivanov

**Comments:** 6 Pages. Contribution to the 15th Marcel Grossmann Meeting (MG15), Rome, Italy, July 1-7, 2018

Cosmological observations of remote objects may be interpreted in
the model of low-energy quantum gravity by the author without dark
energy. The theoretical Hubble diagram of the model fits
observations very well. Additionally, this diagram should be the
multivalued function of the redshift for soft and hard radiations;
perhaps, this feature may be seen for the GRBs data set with the
Yonetoku calibration. In the model, the ratio H(z)/(1+z) should
be equal to the Hubble constant; the constancy of this ratio is
verified up to $z< 2$ with high probability using compilations of
H(z) observations.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1812.0145 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-09 01:46:35*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

A link is established between tunneling and the nature of space-time.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1812.0073 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-04 18:47:19*

**Authors:** Savior F. Eason

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Infinite dimensions, the sub-planck Quantum realm, and the Quantum web of dimensional interactions, and it's implications for our universe, the physical forces, and even consciousness.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1812.0068 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-07 14:39:27*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Most everyone is aware off gravity, some are aware of the gravitational constant, less are aware of the strong force, and virtually no one knows about the strong gravitational constant or what it would be. The author proposes that the same format can be used for the strong force that is used for the gravitational constant. The calculations will be shown here.
Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is made of spheres that are made of spheres perhaps indefinitely. It is the discontinuities in the spheres that give rise to imperfection and make the universe interesting. The equations, so far have shown the forces from elementary charge, weak charge, and gravity. This paper shows the building of the equation for the unit strong force. The unit strong force is the force of one strong force carrier at its closest interaction. The unit strong force has a very short distance of action as the attraction loops back on itself very quickly due to its extreme strength that basically pulls apart space and makes new quarks. The equation developed herein is only for the force at its closest interaction, which is strong enough to hold the protons and neutrons and other nucleons together within the nucleus of the atom.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1812.0041 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-04 00:47:46*

**Authors:** Miheev Sergey Vladimirovich

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The requirement of invariance with respect to phase change imposed on free oscillations in discrete space limits the wavelength of free oscillations to discrete values that are multiples of the minimum wavelength. The minimum wavelength is twice the fundamental length — the distance between adjacent lattice points of a discrete space.
The old calculations of the cosmological constant do not contain significant errors. The result of the calculations was incorrectly interpreted. Since the energy of standing oscillations related to the size of the discrete space was summed, the energy density of the discrete space was obtained. In fact, the binding energy was obtained, ensuring connectivity and stability of space.
Our universe was formed from free oscillations of discrete space, therefore its density is 120 orders of magnitude lower than the density of discrete space in which it exists.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1812.0030 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-07 14:57:33*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

We find that the peak force measured at Jefferson Laboratory could be about 7000 newtons inside the proton, and the peak strong force calculated in equation 16,17 to be about 6150 Newtons. Both are similar and the author proposes that what Jefferson Laboratory measured in their test was mostly the strong force.
It is not clear what surface area Jefferson Laboratory was using for their calculation of pressure. The author believes it was an area from a space that had a radius of 0.6 femtometers as discussed in the Nature article [1]. Also, in Nature article, it is clear that the Pascals, is a rough number, on which they intend to find improvement.
The author of this paper proposes that Jefferson Laboratory only state what the force was as the area may not be measurable and could in fact be the Planck Area, which would put the pressure up into the Pascals pressure.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory