Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1810 Submissions

[14] viXra:1810.0501 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-30 20:11:45

Where is the Antimatter

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 10 Pages.

The standard model predicts there should be equal parts of matter and antimatter. This paper proposes a simple mathematical solution to this problem. It basically proposes that the universe is built from the ground up, and antimatter is just a temporary state created by tearing the universe up a little and then reconstructing. It. In “The Ultimate Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is an Entangled 42”, (1) we found that the smallest realm in the universe was spheres packed in a cuboctahedron of 3 layers. In the first realm of the cuboctahedron there was a perfect 42 spheres on the outside of 3 layer cuboctahedron. When one looks at the equation of breaking up a layer, there are positive and negative real solutions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] viXra:1810.0492 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-29 11:01:25

Fine-Structure Constant at High Energy and Cooper Pairs

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Higgs boson can not shrink spacetime to zero because its components are indestructible. The created electron-positron pairs inside the uncharged scalar in centre of baryons force contraction of the distances between spacetime components. At energy equal to mass of the W boson, we obtain that the fine-structure constant is about 1/128. We show also that particles emitted by fermions increase their effective ranges. We calculated that maximum distance between electrons in Cooper pairs should be 1161 nm.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] viXra:1810.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-27 16:43:31

Virtual Particles in the Vacuum as the Source of Gravity

Authors: Eran Sinbar
Comments: 4 Pages.

Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle in energy and time, comes in the form of virtual particle pairs in empty space. These virtual pairs of matter and anti-matter in empty space pop in and out of existence. Their short existence can be measured directly through the Casimir effect [1]. These virtual particles constitute the Hawking radiation. They carry the latent black hole information from the surface of the event horizon into the void of space during the evaporation process of the black hole[2],[3].In this article I suggest a model in which these virtual particles in the vacuum are the source for gravity, curvature of space and time dilation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:1810.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-26 18:21:26

Our Lumpy Universe

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 11 Pages.

In “The Ultimate Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is an Entangled 42”, (1) we found that the smallest realm in the universe was spheres packed in a cuboctahedron of 3 layers. In the first realm of the cuboctahedron there was a perfect 42 spheres on the outside of 3 layer cuboctahedron. In each subsequent layer the packing of spheres formed a larger sphere. But, the final layer of spheres the average number was not a whole integer. I suspect that in actuality each sphere does have integer number of spheres, but adjacent spheres have a slightly number of spheres. This slightly different number gives us a slightly different constant of nature, ever so small and different, but enough to contribute to a lumpy universe. In “The Holographic Principle and How can the Particles and Universe be Modeled as a Hollow Sphere”(2). We found that the amount of discontinuities, or imperfections, when packing spheres around a group of spheres in equal to 4pir^2+4pir. This is basically the outside of the sphere contains the amount of information a universe can carry. The discontinuities or imperfections formed when packing spheres around a sphere, however small a percentage this may be contributes to the lumpy universe. Our Realm of the universe would have a difference in particle size of about one in over ten to the 40th power. In addition What is the Ultimate Answer to Life the Universe and Everything? According to the “Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” an advanced race of beings invented a supercomputer called Deep Thought, which after 7.5 million years came up with the answer of 42. The real answer, to this question, could very well be related to 42. Sphere Theory is a theory where the universe is made of spheres, which are made of spheres etc. It is also a theory where perfection and imperfection are in competition, where perfect packing is cuboctahedron packing and imperfect packing is spheres packed around spheres. This imperfect packing always results in the imperfect amount of packing is nearly equal to the outer layer of spheres, which is likely related to the holographic principle. This paper shows that this spherical structure of nature is followed until the structure becomes a cuboctahedron with an outer layer of 42 spheres. The Hubble Sphere was found to have a surface area 1.0471*10^80 Planck spheres. The Planck Spheres were found to have a surface area of 6.57920 *10^40 Kaluza spheres. This paper works to help explain where these quantities come from.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1810.0427 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-23 10:09:40

Galaxy Rotation Curve of Triangulum Galaxy (M-33) By Using New Quantum Gravity Theory

Authors: Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase
Comments: 7 Pages.

A detailed study of roatation curve of triangulum galaxy(M33) has been done using new quantum gravity theory.The new quantum gravity theory is based on baryonic matter only. This new theory is not based on the dark matter. Hence the existence of dark matter is rejected. The new theory is different from Newton’s gravitational theory or any other gravitational theory postulated at present. The new theory is non-relativistic theory in which space and time are constant and not related to each other. This theory is a quantum gravity theory in which gravity is made up of small quantas.It is observed that the theoretical rotational velocities curve form a cusp at the radius of 20 kly. This is a dominant and most important aspect of new quantum gravitational theory. The halo cusp problem cannot be solved by dark matter hypothesis. Inability to solve halo cusp problem is main drawback of dark matter hypothesis. This new quantum gravitational theory solves the halo cusp problem of rotation curve of galaxy.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1810.0422 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-11 06:44:57

Wow! Signal Decoded as Foundations of Theory of Everything

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 14 Pages.

Here I show how to read the Wow! signal. There are three different motivated ways to divide the signal. The most important is the division which within the same rule leads to the degrees of freedom of the stable and meta-stable manifolds described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The SST manifolds appear at different levels of Nature. Wow! signal leads also to the angles in the neutrino-mixing matrix, to the fine-structure constant, to the asymptote for the coupling constant for the pure strong-weak interactions or to discoverer of the Planck constant, and so on. All listed here elements are the foundations of Theory of Everything.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1810.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-16 23:11:19

Spacetime is the Maximum Complex Hilbert Space.

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper explains the emergence of a space-time interval using a modified holographic principle.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1810.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-13 16:43:03

Weak Force and Weak Charge in Granular Spacetime

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 8 Pages.

The standard model predicts a weak charge of SM prediction, Q p w(SM) = 0.0710 ± 0.0007. This value, SM prediction, Q p w(SM) = 0.0710 ± 0.0007, is the ratio of the weak charge to elementary charge. This paper shows that granular spacetime equations show a ratio of weak charge to elementary charge of .071776±.000001 We also show that the ratio of weak charge and elementary charge are simply the square root of the mass of the neutron to the mass of two times the z boson.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1810.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-11 07:01:28

Gravitational Wave Data Transfer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

RUDN mathematicians analyzed the properties of gravitational waves in a generalized affine-metrical space (an algebraic construction operating on the notions of a vector and a point) similarly to the properties of electromagnetic waves in Minkowski space-time. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1810.0140 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-10 08:36:39

W and Z Boson Weak Force and Weak Charge in Granular Spacetime

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 7 Pages. Corrected Typos

This paper shows the magnitude of the weak force and weak charge with calculations and makes predictions of the weak charge. It also postulates that the weak force may be a result of w boson pairs and z boson pairs. Tommaso Dorigo discusses W boson pairs [2]. The equations to derive a value of weak charge to elementary charge in this paper seem to imply that weak charge, of .076447, may be the result of W boson pairs or perhaps .071776 of a Z boson pairs. This paper uses the cuboctahedron structure shown in “Proton Electron Universe and Their Directions of Force”[1]. We also show that the ratio of weak charge and elementary charge are simply the square root of the mass of the neutron to the mass of two times the w boson or perhaps two times the z boson or a combination of these two numbers.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1810.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-07 15:10:20

General Relativity, Non-Abelian Gauge Theories, and Quantum Gravity

Authors: F. Winterberg
Comments: 11 Pages.

We adopt here an attempt first pioneered by Dehnen to reformulate Einstein’s general theory of relativity as a kind of non-Abelian gauge theory, as is quantum chromodynamics. This approach permits the formulation of Einstein’s gravitational field equation by the same Lagrangian of the Einstein-Hilbert action, albeit with two event horizons: an “outer” one in ordinary space for Einstein’s theory with a cut-off at the Planck energy (~〖10〗^19 GeV), and an “inner” one in three-dimensional color space for quantum chromodynamics with a cut-of at ~〖10〗^2 GeV. This conclusion is reached by the analogy between general relativity and quantum chromodynamics at one hand, and Newtonian point particle classical mechanics and Helmholtz line vortex dynamics at the other hand.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1810.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-06 04:24:58

Supermassive Black Holes Have Very Small Mass. Dark Matter Mass, Energy and Gravitation

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 215 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass” Adrian Ferent “Mass–energy equivalence for Dark Matter: E = md × vp^2 “ Adrian Ferent “Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: md = m × c^2 / vp^2 ” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole” Adrian Ferent “Everything what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass, because the Gravitons inside the Supermassive Black Holes have high energy” Adrian Ferent “Dark Photons are faster than light, have higher frequencies than photons” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is not 8.2 × 10^36 kg, it is 7.3 × 10^19 kg” Adrian Ferent “Sun’s core is Ferent Matter with the mass much smaller than the Sun’s mass, but with much higher energy than Sun’s energy” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent “The electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent “Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN” Adrian Ferent “Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent We know that all forms of energy contribute to the gravitational field generated by an object, because all forms of energy interact gravitationally. For massless particles with zero rest mass, their relativistic mass is their relativistic energy divided by c^2. 85% of the matter in the universe is Dark Matter. “Everything what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent Mass–energy equivalence for matter: E = m × c^2 I am the first who calculated the Dark Matter energy: “Mass–energy equivalence for Dark Matter: E = md × vp^2 “ Adrian Ferent Where md is the Dark Matter mass and vp is the Dark Photons speed. “The speed of Dark Photons is vp = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s” Adrian Ferent Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains: “The Gravitons and the Dark Photons are faster than light” Adrian Ferent “Black Holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…that Supermassive Black Holes have very big mass! “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass” Adrian Ferent I am the first who calculated the Dark Matter mass: How I calculated that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: This means: “Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: md = m × c^2 / vp^2” Adrian Ferent This is impossible in Einstein Gravitation theory, because Einstein Gravitation theory is wrong. “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass, because the Gravitons inside the Supermassive Black Holes have high energy” Adrian Ferent “Dark Photons are faster than light, have higher frequencies than photons” Adrian Ferent You learned that Milky Way galaxy has a supermassive Black Hole, 4.1 million solar masses, 8.2 × 10^36 kg, at its center, 26000 light-years from the Solar System. “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is not 8.2 × 10^36 kg, it is 7.3 × 10^19 kg” Adrian Ferent The mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is 7.3 × 10^19 kg, much smaller than the Moon mass. “I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole” Adrian Ferent How I explained before: “Sun’s core is Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Matter is Dark Matter with density higher than Planck density” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles are created around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Unification between Matter and Dark Matter: Adrian Ferent “Stars and planets contain Dark Matter in proportion to their mass” Adrian Ferent This means: “Sun’s core is Ferent Matter with the mass much smaller than the Sun’s mass, but with much higher energy than Sun’s energy” Adrian Ferent This is a very important discovery in Particle Physics: “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent That is why: “The electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent “Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN” Adrian Ferent That is why: “Without Ferent Matter, there is no Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is right and Einstein Gravitation theory, String theory, LQG… are wrong theories. 108. I am the first who discovered that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass 109. I am the first who discovered the Mass–energy equivalence for Dark Matter: E = md × vp^2 110. I am the first who calculated that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: md = m × c^2 / vp^2 111. I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole 112. I am the first who explained that everything you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong 113. I am the first who calculated that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass, because the Gravitons inside the Supermassive Black Holes have high energy 114. I am the first who discovered that Dark Photons are faster than light, have higher frequencies than photons 115. I am the first who calculated that the mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is not 8.2 × 10^36 kg, it is 7.3 × 10^19 kg 116. I am the first who discovered that Sun’s core is Ferent Matter with the mass much smaller than the Sun’s mass, but with much higher energy than Sun’s energy 117. I am the first who discovered that the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy 118. I am the first who explained that the electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy 119. I am the first who explained because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN 120. I am the first who explained that Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1810.0036 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-15 15:38:21

On a Possible Cause of Negative Sign of Gravitational Interaction Between Matter and Antimatter

Authors: Zbigniew Modrzejewski
Comments: 14 Pages. This is an open access scientific research paper distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution CC-BY (4.0 International) license.

Based on the mass-energy equivalence from special theory of relativity, we conjecture simple and clear framework for the purpose of conceptualizing atomic mass generation mechanism for a single hydrogen atom. We then apply it to see if it would offer conclusive clarification of the issue of the sign of gravitational interaction between the Earth and antihydrogen atoms at CERN. Our testable prediction is that the interaction will be conclusively repulsive, i.e. of equal and opposite magnitude as compared to the attractive one. We are confident that, if experimentally verified, our conjecture has sufficient potential to result in a theoretical basis of the first experimentally testable quantum gravity hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1810.0016 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-28 19:13:36

《Universal and Unified Physics》

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 130 Pages.

For the first time in mankind, Theory of Unified and Universal Physics is philosophically and mathematically revealed the workings of Universal Topology and Laws of Conservations. The nature of dark energies unfolds its Event Operations systematically on the origin of physical states. These principles convey and unfold the laws of topological framework, universal equations, symmetric continuity, and asymmetric dynamics systematically at the remarks of the following groundbreakings:

The application of an evolutionary process to contemporary theoretical physics therefore demonstrates a holistic picture of the principal equations, empirical assumptions, and essential artifacts. It prompts the entire discipline of physics, from Newtonian to spacetime relativity to quantum mechanics, to look back to the future: Virtumanity - Dialectical Nature of Virtual and Physical Duality.

Intuitively following the system of yinyang philosophy, this holistic theory is concisely accessible and replicable by readers with a basic background in mathematical derivation and theoretical physics. As a summary,《Universal and Unified Physics》completes and unifies all of the principal equations, important assumptions, and essential laws, discovered and described by the classical and modern physics, and beyond.    


Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory