Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1801 Submissions

[11] viXra:1801.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-16 08:06:14

Sphere Theory Calculates a Hubble Constant in Line with Average of Wikipedia Summary

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Sphere Theory is a theory of Universe and Quantum world that everything is spheres made of spheres. Hubble size spheres, Planck Spheres and smaller spheres, multiverse spheres and perhaps larger spheres. Professor Adam Riess, from John Hopkins University states “A mathematical discrepancy in the expansion rate of the Universe is now "pretty serious", and could point the way to a major discovery in physics.” His newly calculated value is 73.24.(1) Sphere Theory calculates the value to be 71.03 (km/s)/Mpc (2) If we look at Evidence for Granulated Space, we that the size of the Hubble Sphere is 13.7659 billion light years(2) If we convert this to a constant Hubble Constant it converts to 71.03 (km/s)/Mpc. This compares to the following Hubble constants calculated from the Wikipedia summary table of 71.027. (km/s)/Mpc.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1801.0175 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-17 09:47:25

On Gravitational Quantum Wavefunctions

Authors: Jean Pierre Rukundo
Comments: 5 Pages.

A gravitational momentum space wavefunction and its inverse spacetime Fourier transformation are constructed from the classical particle Lagrangian. From non-relativistic metric, the momentum space wavefunction gives the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution with gravity temperature relation and the spacetime wavefunction gives the Schrodinger equation with a harmonic oscillator potential, leading to the Gauss’s law for gravity with mass density gravity relation. From the special relativity metric, which is shown to set the temperature at about 7.64×10^-12 K and density at about 3.58×10^9 kgm^-3, the momentum space wavefunction gives a relativistic momentum distribution and the spacetime wavefunction gives the Dirac equation with a spacetime potential. Finally, the many identical particles wavefunctions are also constructed.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1801.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-14 19:08:17

String Theory

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

Physicists like to use more than 3 dimensions but our universe only contains 3 dimensions, they don't seem to understand how it works. String theory requires 11 dimensions and that includes spacetime, but there can only be 3 dimensions in our universe.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1801.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-10 02:13:45

Quantized Gravitational Field

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 100 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

Quantized Gravitational Field “I quantized the gravitational field with gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational field is Gravitons” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books that the gravitational field g is a vector at each point of space and time, a vector pointing directly towards the particle. In my Gravitation theory, the gravitational field is not continuous and differentiable function. Gravitons do not exist in Einstein’s gravitation theory, because General relativity is not a quantum theory. “In my Gravitation theory, the gravitational field is not a vector at each point of space and time, where there are not gravitons there is not gravitational field” Adrian Ferent “In my Gravitation theory the density of flux lines is replaced by graviton flux” Adrian Ferent “Gravitation field lines are gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Each graviton in the gravitational field has a speed v and a negative momentum p = -mv” Adrian Ferent “The graviton flux is defined as the number of gravitons per second per unit area” Adrian Ferent “The power density is the graviton flux multiplied by the energy of a single graviton” Adrian Ferent
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1801.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-17 00:53:40

The Relativity of Time

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this development upon five leading papers [1-5], the idea of the “relativity of time” shall be fully addressed, providing the rationale to how the overall manifold of time-space would perform regarding entropy and enthalpy, including in this description how consciousness emerges (as proposed in paper 3 [3]) from time-space. First, the idea of “subject” and “object” shall be presented regarding the time-relativity description, while explaining the role of consciousness in this process (given paper 3’s finding of consciousness being the emergence from chaos, the aim here arriving at fundamental features of consciousness that would already be apparent to our known traits of consciousness). Additionally, more texture shall be provided to the explanation of the flow of time, detailing how time being relative in space per the golden ratio has two features, namely “cause” and “effect”. Through examining cause and effect regarding time, an “end-zone” region of time-space shall be examined, the mechanics there as gravity/mass breaks down, and the idea of stellar quantum-entanglement, giving rise to a seemingly endless “image” of the stars. Following this, the idea of consciousness will be brought in to this new overall plane of time-space via which a model of “human” consciousness will be forwarded. Through this discussion, ideas central to the wormholes, red-shift effect, carbon dating, gamma radiation, white holes, and the dimensions of the perceived galaxy, will be forwarded, supported with accepted experimental findings. Finally, three new mechanisms of proof shall be proposed, proof not yet proposed by contemporary science.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1801.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-06 22:47:02

The Evolution Revolution

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 15 Pages.

Are you and I here because of evolution? Or are we here because there is a humanistic, rational, scientific and entirely natural explanation for what is called God? If there is, we must ask: how does an "entirely natural" process end up being called "supernatural" by some people? The answer seems to lie with the applications in thousands of years from now of quantum mechanics being unified with general relativity - and the seeming SUPERnaturalness of those apps to today's world (they apparently embrace all of space and time). In years past, the denial of divine beings by science may have been logical. But times sometimes change radically. Such a paradigm shift seems to be upon us now, with the discovery of gravitational waves and the anticipation of quantum gravity. In changing times, scientists must always keep open minds. And if biological evolution explains less than we've come to believe, it is assumed that present theories concerning cosmic evolution might be in some - certainly not total - need of revision. This is explored in topics such as gravitation, infinity, quantum gravity, space-time travel, the universe's binary digits and topology, the reason the Higgs field is actually the gravitational - electromagnetic field, alleged universal expansion, and imaginary time. Many references are from the scientific literature but I do not apologize for those that come from popular science sources. Authors cannot allow these to be inaccurate if they value their reputation at all. And such references are often excellent at communicating ideas. I believe this article will obviously be seen by some as too speculative, and irrelevant to the early 21st century. The theoretical physicist John Wheeler once said some of the original papers on quantum mechanics were also considered extremely speculative. Look how far quantum mechanics has come in less than a century! So speculation is not a bad thing.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1801.0067 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-18 00:12:17

Electrical Moonshine

Authors: Francis M. Sanchez
Comments: 5 Pages.

The electrical constant a and its Eddington approximation 137 are both 10 ppb connected with the dimension d = 26 of bosonic string theory and the 'moonshine entropy' lnD. The involved pi-approximations implies a 0.3 ppb formula for a, and, using the first Mathieu group order, this confirms the Coherent Cosmology value G ≈ 6.67544 × 10^-11 kg^-1m^3s^-2, compatible with the BIPM measurement, but at 4 sigma from the tabulated one. Direct connection between a, 137, d and D = 196883, reveals the string central number 496, about the 20th root of the Monster order, whose square corresponds to 125.6 GeV (BEH Boson), directly tied to the Monster order entropy via the tau and muon masses. The Monster order correlates with canonical economic numbers, leading to a value for the tau mass compatible with the Koide relation in the 10 ppb range, and confirming again the BIPM value for G. The fifth power of the Monster order is directly connected to D and d via the number 24 of transverse dimensions, involving the economic number 3^(24²+1). This confirms the arithmetical character of Physical laws.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1801.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-05 09:29:14

General Theory of Relativity in the Theory of Emergent Space-Time-Matter (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 4 Pages.

Equations of the general theory of relativity are derived within the framework of the theory of emergent space-time-matter. A new interpretation of gravitation is given. The absence of quantum gravity is predicted.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1801.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-05 05:27:07

Neutrons Probe Quantum Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

A spallation neutron source has been used by physicists in Japan to search for possible violations of the inverse square law of gravity. [12] Physicists have proposed a way to test quantum gravity that, in principle, could be performed by a laser-based, table-top experiment using currently available technology. [11] Now however, a new type of materials, the so-called Weyl semimetals, similar to 3-D graphene, allow us to put the symmetry destructing quantum anomaly to work in everyday phenomena, such as the creation of electric current. [10] Physicist Professor Chunnong Zhao and his recent PhD students Haixing Miao and Yiqiu Ma are members of an international team that has created a particularly exciting new design for gravitational wave detectors. [9] A proposal for a gravitational-wave detector made of two space-based atomic clocks has been unveiled by physicists in the US. [8] The gravitational waves were detected by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. [7] A team of researchers with the University of Lisbon has created simulations that indicate that the gravitational waves detected by researchers with the LIGO project, and which are believed to have come about due to two black holes colliding, could just have easily come from another object such as a gravaster (objects which are believed to have their insides made of dark energy) or even a wormhole. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes the simulations they created, what was seen and what they are hoping to find in the future. [6] In a landmark discovery for physics and astronomy, international scientists said Thursday they have glimpsed the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, which Albert Einstein predicted a century ago. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star'-unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1801.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 06:04:25

Dark Decades in Particle Physics and Cosmology

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

Mathematics is the Heaven of physics but at the same time can often be a hell that leads astray. Here we present a list of the twelve most illogical ideas in particle physics and cosmology accepted by the scientific community. One of the items on the list is the Higgs mechanism. We show that in fact the Higgs mechanism does not explain the origin of the gravitating masses or gravitational fields. The Higgs mechanism is a mathematical hocus-pocus because it does not refer to physical phenomena. The superluminal quantum entanglement causes that in reality quantum physics is classical and statistical. Observers claim that the Uncertainty Principle is valid because detectors can not see the superluminal exchanges. What’s more, the detectors see a statistical picture of a large number of consecutive states that are often the same states. Speed of photons in “vacuum” is invariant/the-same only in relation to the systems with which the photons are entangled.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1801.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 23:37:31

Energy in the Three-Dimensional Gravity Chern-Simons.

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 1 Page.

In this variant, the geometry is related to the energy, which is equal to the average langrangian of three-dimensional gravity. The topology of a three-dimensional space generates the energy of a particle
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory