[11] **viXra:1207.0116 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-10-01 07:05:06*

**Authors:** Risto Raitio

**Comments:** 9 Pages. References added, discussion clarified.

A preon model is proposed based on spin 1/2 fermion and spin 0 boson constituents. They interact via a massive scalar field which is tentatively considered a phenomenological model of quantum gravity. Implications to generations, heavy boson states and dark matter are briefly discussed.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] **viXra:1207.0114 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-07-30 12:01:13*

**Authors:** Gary R. Heen

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

The model of this paper states that space-time is another state of matter, and that matter and space-time are composed of identical quantized physical units whose constituent sub-structures are composed of D-branes and Type I strings. The quantum structure of space-time and matter is designated the D-string. The D-strings of matter and space-time differ from one another only in the volumetric state of the D-string. The D-string model presupposes that the universe is composed solely of a finite number of D-stings with physical properties that are quantized with finite limits of range, and are responsible for all physical phenomena. The relationship of the D-string to Planck’s natural constants, gravity, time dilation, and the observed constancy of the speed of light are specifically addressed; a mathematical argument is presented demonstrating the conversion of space-time into matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1207.0104 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-07-31 09:20:46*

**Authors:** A .Garcés Doz

**Comments:** 35 Pages. Minor bug fixes.

In this paper, we focus on the calculation of the supersymmetric term for obtaining the mass of the lightest Higgs
boson. Thus will provide the scale of supersymmetry. Similarly, entering the exact angle β, ,will allow us to calculate
the masses of the remaining four Higgs bosons ,
mA , mH0 , mH ±
and the stop mass
422.9 Gev.
Was used for this, the well-known model of a one-dimensional string, or a dimensional box. We believe that the
results obtained consistent with the observation, carry a string model mathematically satisfactory of a n-dimensional
string, well known to all physicists. The main novelty of this model is the introduction of dimensionless ratios between
the Planck length and the length n dimensional, as the length of the string. An extension of the Heisenberg principle
to extra dimensions, will derive a principle of equivalence between mass, time and space so that it showed that the
mass is actually another dimension. This principle of equivalence, so described, anger further and allow the equivalence
between spin, probability, fluctuations and dimensions. Successive breaking symmetries-topology geometry involved,
appears to be the cause of the distinguishability between spins, number of particles, dimensions, etc.; to the observer

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1207.0092 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-02-27 19:35:55*

**Authors:** Ryoji Furui

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This paper proposes a framework of special relativity in which mass is embedded in the time dimension of the spacetime metric and a particle may oscillate between having mass and being massless. The speed of such a particle effectively alternates between subluminal and luminal. The well-known equation for relativistic energy allows such an oscillation if a particle converts all of its mass into energy, thereby removing the problem of requiring infinite energy to reach the light barrier. This makes possible the production of gravitons, which transfer their momentum and energy to matter by colliding with it, giving rise to the gravitational force. Oscillations of particles between mass-bearing and zero-mass states suggest that time, and hence the universe, are eternal.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1207.0091 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-07-29 05:32:39*

**Authors:** A.W.Beckwith

**Comments:** 9 pages, completely re did the last 3 pages. Document completely re focused after criticism by GRG journal editors

The Mach’s principle as unveiled in this paper is really a statement as to information conservation, with Gravitons and Gravitinos being information carriers. What we wish to know is are there measurable consequences as far as scale factor evolution, spatial distance expansion and cosmological density proportional to a quinessent variant of the cosmological ‘constant’ parameter ?

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1207.0085 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-07-25 03:48:47*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 22 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

Clifford-space Gravity is revisited and new results are found.
The Clifford space ($ C$-space) generalized gravitational field equations are obtained from a variational principle and which is based on an extension of the Einstein-Hilbert-Cartan action. One of the main results of this work is that the $C$-space connection requires torsion in order to have consistency between the Clifford algebraic structure and the zero nonmetricity condition $ \nabla_K g^{MN} = 0 $. A discussion on the cosmological constant and bi-metric theories of gravity follows. We continue by pointing out the relations of Clifford space gravity to Lanczos-Lovelock-Cartan (LLC) higher curvature gravity with torsion. We finalize by pointing out that $ C$-space gravity involves higher-spins beyond spin $ 2 $ and argue why one could view the LLC higher curvature actions, and
other extended gravitational theories based on $ f ( R ), f ( R_{\mu \nu} ), ... $ actions, for polynomial-valued functions, as mere $effective$ actions after integrating the $C$-space gravitational action with respect to all the poly-coordinates, except the vectorial ones $ x^\mu$.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1207.0081 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-07-22 23:50:17*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

When I turned 40 (about 35 years ago), I started to build my personal version of the Unified Field Theory. I did so as a faithful disciple of Einstein, attempting to help the scientific hero of my youth reach his unfulfilled goal. At that time the strong and weak forces were just becoming understood, gravity remained where Einstein had left it (with some more recent help from Hawking, Wheeler, and Bekenstein concerning black holes), and the electromagnetic force had long been solved by a parade of many geniuses, beginning with Faraday and Maxwell, and culminating with Feynman, Schwinger, and Tomonaga ("quantum electrodynamics"- QED). Because of limitations of time, intellect, and energy, I decided not to work on those parts of the theory that others had already solved - so far as I could tell - satisfactorily. Accordingly, I accepted most of what had been done with the electromagnetic and strong forces (the Gell-Mann/Zweig colored-quark model for the latter: "quantum chromodynamics" - QCD). I also accepted (most of) quantum theory and (most of) Einstein's Special and General Relativity theories, remaining willing not only to learn from these theories but to modify (or extend) them if I thought it necessary to complete a self-consistent picture of all four forces.
For example, in the long-range "spacetime" forces, I found that, contra Einstein, light in free flight cannot produce a gravitational field. I also recognized the electromagnetic constant "velocity c" as the gauge of: 1) the "non-local" distributional symmetry of light's energy; 2) the metric symmetry of light's energy (including banishing time); 3) the symmetric spatial entropy drive of light (creating, expanding, and cooling space). I also recognized the "intrinsic" dimensional motions of light, time, and gravitation as extensions of (and foundations for) the classical concept of entropy. In the strong force I saw quark confinement by the gluon field as necessary protection for whole-quantum units of charge - since quantized charges are the primary means whereby Nature creates exactly reproducible and balancing symmetry debts. In the short-range "particle" forces, I recognized the weak force IVBs (Intermediate Vector Bosons) as actual examples of the electroweak unified-force symmetric energy state (hence their great mass and mysterious composition). Leptoquarks and proton decay (both hypothetical to date) are phenomena of an even higher unified-force symmetric energy state joining the leptons and hadrons, and the electroweak and strong forces (the energy level of the "GUT" or Grand Unified Theory of Georgi and Glashow).

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1207.0049 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-07-12 08:11:10*

**Authors:** David Brown

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Gravity Probe B (GP-B) is a space mission which used a satellite with 4 super-accurate gyroscopes to test the frame-dragging effect predicted by general relativity theory. The satellite was launched on April 20, 2004, and the spaceflight phase of the mission lasted until 2005. The GP-B science team alleges that highly predictable and systematic malfunctions in the gyroscopes created signal noise, and when the signal noise is removed from the empirical data, then Gravity Probe B confirms the precise frame-dragging effect predicted by general relativity theory without the Rañada-Milgrom effect. However, if the gyroscopes functioned within design specification, then the alleged defects in the gyroscopes might be confirmations of the Rañada-Milgrom effect.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1207.0016 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-07-05 05:42:18*

**Authors:** Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya

**Comments:** 14 Pages. To be submitted to a peer review journal

he general consensus feeling amongst researchers is that it is generally difficult to obtain a position space Lorentz invariant Doubly Special Relativity (DSR) theory. In this reading, we propose such a theory. The Lorentz transformations are modified such that the resultant theory has not one, but two invariants -- the speed of light c = 2.99792458e 8 m/s, and a minimum length. Actually, we achieve our desire by infusing Heisenberg's quantum mechanical uncertainty principle into the fabric of Minkowiski spacetime. In this new theory, it is seen that under extreme quantum conditions, it should be possible to exceed the light-speed-barrier without any limit. It should be stated that this theory has been developed more as a mathematical exercise to obtain a physically reasonable as is possible a position space DSR theory that is Lorentz invariant. In the low energy regime, the theory gives the same predictions as Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity (STR).

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1207.0014 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-07-19 05:51:01*

**Authors:** A.W. Beckwith

**Comments:** 8 pages. Extensively re done due to criticism of an editor in classical and quantum gravity

The lowest order mass for a KK graviton, as a non zero product of two branes interacting via a situation similar to Steinhardt’s ekpyrotic universe is obtained, as to an alternative to the present dogma specifying that gravitons must be massless. The relative positions as to the branes gives a dynamical picture as to how lowest order KK gravitons could be affected by contraction and then subsequent expansion. And the solution picked is for with a non zero lowest order mass for a KK graviton permits modeling of gravitons via a dynamical Casmir effect which we generalize using Durrer’s 2007 work. Anti-de-Sitter braneworld.construction is what is used to model the Casmir effect. This analysis is taken in AdS5 geometry while assuming that blue spectrum treatment of gravitons no longer holds.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1207.0006 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-07-03 11:54:40*

**Authors:** Constantine Tynyansky

**Comments:** 141 Pages.

This is a slide show version of the Conceptual Physics, which studies the concept of nonmathematical EVERYTHING. The way to introduce the concept of EVERYTHING requires other – is not based on neglect, that is nonmathematical consideration. Such comprehensive consideration is not arbitrary – does not allowing variants (models). It is obvious that the production of popular versions of theoretical modeling with the requirement to identify the "correct" for the comparison with observation (certainly not inclusive) and/or aesthetic criteria (rather arbitrary) is not a comprehensive consideration. In other words, the "correctness" that, understands what is seen cannot be obtained in the examination, but needed some additional actions. Thus, a comprehensive consideration (Conceptual Physics) cannot be other, as well as what considered is seen – EVERYTHING.
RUSSIAN
Это слайд-шоу версия Концептуальной физики, которая изучает нематематическое понятие ВСЁ. То, как ввести в рассмотрение понятие ВСЁ, требует иного – не основанного на пренебрежении, то есть нематематического рассмотрения. Такое, всеобъемлющее рассмотрение оказывается непроизвольным – не допускающим варианты (модели). Очевидно, что популярное производство вариантов теоретического моделирования с требованием выявления «правильного» по сопоставлению с наблюдением (заведомо не всеохватным) и/или эстетическим критериям (достаточно произвольным) не является всеобъемлющим рассмотрением. Иначе говоря, «правильность», то есть понимание того, что рассматривается, не может быть получена в самом рассмотрении, а нуждается в каких-то дополнительных действиях. Таким образом, всеобъемлющее рассмотрение (Концептуальная физика) не может быть иным, как и то, что рассматривается – ВСЁ.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory