[6] **viXra:1009.0072 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-05-25 13:49:04*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 7 Pages. paper is in three parts due to length

"Noether's Theorem" states that in a multicomponent field such as the electromagnetic field (or the metric field of spacetime), symmetries are associated with conservation laws and vice versa. In matter, light's (broken) symmetries are conserved by charge and spin; in spacetime, light's symmetries are protected by inertial/entropic forces, and conserved (when broken) by gravitational forces. All forms of energy originate as light; matter carries charges which are the symmetry/entropy debts of the light which created it (both concepts are required to fully integrate gravity - which has a double conservation role - with the other forces). Charges produce forces which act to return the material system to its original symmetric state (light), repaying matter's symmetry/entropy debts. Repayment is exampled by any spontaneous interaction producing net free energy, including: chemical reactions and matter-antimatter annihilation reactions; radioactivity, particle and proton decay; the nucleosynthetic pathway of stars, the gravitational conversion of bound to free energy (as in supernovas and quasars), and Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes. Identifying the broken symmetries of light associated with each of the 4 charges and forces of physics is the first step toward a conceptual unification.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1009.0068 [pdf]**
*submitted on 23 Sep 2010*

**Authors:** Maher Ahmed

**Comments:** 21 pages

Since early 1980 there is no new discoveries for the basic laws of physics[1], the main problem
behind that is the missing of a complete physical description for our universe physics. The concepts
of space time, particles (mass), fields, and energy have a big ambiguity in our deep understanding
of physics. One of reasons for that is the limitation of our experimental technology in high energy
accelerators, and in cosmological observations.
In this research the author follows the creative thinking rules which discovered in the field of
human psychology studies[2{4] for solving difficult problems through human specie history. The
main idea in creative thinking is to borrow ideas and concepts from fields away from the problems
own field, those new ideas and concepts are brought to the field of the problems to help human to
go inside the problems and get the solution[5]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1009.0064 [pdf]**
*submitted on 22 Sep 2010*

**Authors:** Amrit S. Sorli

**Comments:** 4 pages

Experimental data confirm material change i.e. motion run in space. There is no experimental
evidence time being part of the space. Time is what we measure with clocks. With clocks we
measure numerical order (see paper for full abstract)

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1009.0052 [pdf]**
*submitted on 17 Sep 2010*

**Authors:** Jack Sarfatti

**Comments:** 5 pages

The accelerated expansion rate is no longer surprising. It is the inevitable
consequence of the holographic information storage on the surface screen of the
universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1009.0051 [pdf]**
*submitted on 17 Sep 2010*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 5 pages

A General Systems model in the form of an hourglass is used to illustrate the relationships among the four
forces of physics, space, time, and nuclear and elementary particles.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1009.0045 [pdf]**
*submitted on 11 Sep 2010*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 21 pages, submitted to the Int. J. Mod. Phys. A.

Polyvector-valued gauge field theories in Clifford spaces are used to
construct a novel Cl(3, 2) gauge theory of gravity that furnishes modified
curvature and torsion tensors leading to important modifications of the
standard gravitational action with a cosmological constant. Vacuum solutions
exist which allow a cancellation of the contributions of a very
large cosmological constant term and the extra terms present in the modified
field equations. Generalized gravitational actions in Clifford-spaces
are provided and some of their physical implications are discussed. It is
shown how the 16 fermions and their masses in each family can be accommodated
within a Cl(4) gauge field theory. In particular, the Higgs
fields admit a natural Clifford-space interpretation that differs from the
one in the Chamseddine-Connes spectral action model of Noncommutative
geometry. We finalize with a discussion on the relationship with the
Pati-Salam color-flavor model group SU(4)_{C} x SU(4)_{F} and its symmetry
breaking patterns. An Appendix is included with useful Clifford algebraic
relations.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory