[8] **viXra:1108.0050 [pdf]**
*submitted on 30 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Hans-Jörg Hochecker

**Comments:** 3 pages.

This is a simple, short and only theoretical (but non mathematical) consideration. It is regarded that
neutrons and protons contain neutral couples of opposite electrical charges which are able to oscillate. In
result, longitudinal electrical waves (LEW) appear. Under the prerequisite that the LEW are quantized
(analogous to the photons) they can cause a mass attraction similar to the gravitation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1108.0049 [pdf]**
*submitted on 29 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Subhajit Ganguly

**Comments:** 5 pages.

This paper deals with fluid flow dynamics which may be Hamiltonian in nature and yet chaotic. Here we
deal with sympletic invariance, canonical transformations and stability of such Hamiltonian flows. As a
collection of points move along, it carries along and distorts its own neighbourhood. This in turn affects
the stability of such flows.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1108.0045 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-03-19 04:07:21*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 30 Pages. Submitted the IJMPA.

The generalized (vacuum) field equations corresponding to gravity on curved $2d$-dimensional tangent bundle/phase spaces and associated to the geometry of the (co)tangent
bundle $ TM_{ d -1, 1} (T^*M_{d-1,1}) $ of a
$d$-dim spacetime $ M_{d - 1, 1}$ are investigated following the strict formalism
of Lagrange-Finsler and Hamilton-Cartan geometry. It is found
that there is $no$ mathematical equivalence with Einstein's vacuum field equations in spacetimes of $2d$-dimensions, with $two$ times, after a $ d + d $ Kaluza-Klein-like decomposition
of the $ 2d$-dim scalar curvature $ {\bf R } $ is performed and involving the introduction of a nonlinear connection $ A_\mu^a ( x^\mu, y^b ) $. The physical applications of the $ 4$-dim phase space metric solutions found in this work, corresponding to the cotangent space of a $ 2$-dim spacetime,
deserve further investigation. The physics of $two$ times may be relevant
in the solution to the problem of time in Quantum Gravity and in the explanation of Dark Matter. Finding nontrivial solutions of the generalized gravitational field equations corresponding to the $ 8$-dim cotangent bundle (phase space) of the $4$-dim spacetime remains a challenging task.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1108.0041 [pdf]**
*replaced on 5 Sep 2011*

**Authors:** A.K.Balamuruhan

**Comments:** 8 Pages

I introduce some new concepts on the perception of physical existences,
based on new interpretations of quantum mechanical wave functions. These new
concepts remove the imbalance that we earlier had with regard to the physical
existences. A new understanding about Gravity is presented. This understanding
explains why gravity does not have a force-carrying particle. These concepts also
lead to decipher the cosmological concepts, dark matter and dark energy.
Further, It is found that time can exist even before the big bang.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1108.0037 [pdf]**
*submitted on 23 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Subhajit Ganguly

**Comments:** 5 Pages

In this paper, a few more implications of the laws of physical transactions as per the Theory of
Abstraction are dealt with. Analysis of those implications suggests the existence of ‘hidden’ mass and
‘hidden’ energy in a given physical transaction. Trajectory –examination of such possible transport is
carried out. Relativistic cyclist phenomena are also dealt with in this paper.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1108.0030 [pdf]**
*submitted on 22 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Michael A. Ivanov

**Comments:** 4 pages.

Deceleration of massive bodies by the isotropic graviton background
is considered here as a possible alternative to dark matter.
This deceleration has the same order of magnitude as a small additional
acceleration of NASA deep-space probes.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1108.0026 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-02-26 10:07:44*

**Authors:** Johan Noldus

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Paper send in for the fqxi contest on the question whether ``space-time is digital or analog ?''.
The intention was to give the most accurate answer possible (within the limitations of the format of the contest
and my insights at that moment), embedded in a historical background and written in my usual witty style with some
extra provocative spice (which I added on purpose). I think it brilliantly succeeded in doing so. Unfortunately,
the competent jury members did not deem my efforts worthy of passing the first round.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1108.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 8 Aug 2011*

**Authors:** Werner Scheck

**Comments:** 5 pages

The justification of the idea of an emerging gravity by a comparison with conventional
thermodynamics results from a small inaccuracy of the used equations. Two differing
contexts of description coexist unnoticed and lead to a violation of energy conservation.
Independent of the chosen description it is shown that no emerging gravity exists, if energy
conservation is taken into account. This result is confirmed for one of the possible
descriptions by an analytical solution of the problem within General Relativity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory